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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f19000723">
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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>NEWTON, MAYOR.</p>
<p>TENTH SESSION, HELD JULY 23RD, 1900.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVEN BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>ALEXANDER BUCKLER,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ., Q,C.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS AND SONS, LIMITED, 119, CHANCERY LANE,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, July 23rd, 1900, and following days,</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-1" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-1" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Bart., Alderman,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<persName id="t19000723-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-2" type="surname" value="BIGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-2" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN CHARLES BIGHAM</hi> </persName>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court; Sir
<persName id="t19000723-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-3" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-3" type="given" value="JOHN WHITTAKER"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN WHITTAKER ELLIS</hi> </persName>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-4" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-4" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID EVANS</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G.; Sir
<persName id="t19000723-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-5" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-5" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER WILKIN</hi> </persName>, K.C.M.G.; and Lieut.-Col. Sir
<persName id="t19000723-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-6" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-6" type="given" value="HORTAIO"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORATIO DAVIES</hi> </persName>, K.C.M.G., M.P., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<persName id="t19000723-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-7" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-7" type="given" value="FORREST"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi> </persName>, Knt., Q.C., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<persName id="t19000723-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-8" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-8" type="given" value="JAMES THOMSON"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES THOMSON RITCHIE</hi> </persName>, Knt.;
<persName id="t19000723-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-9" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-9" type="given" value="GEORGE WYATT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE WYATT TRUSCOTT</hi> </persName>, Esq.;
<persName id="t19000723-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-10" type="surname" value="ALLISTON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-10" type="given" value="FREDERICK PRATT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK PRATT ALLISTON</hi> </persName>, Esq.; and
<persName id="t19000723-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-11" type="surname" value="STRONG"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-11" type="given" value="THOMAS VEZEY"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS VEZEY STRONG</hi> </persName>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and
<persName id="t19000723-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-12" type="surname" value="BOSANQUET"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-12" type="given" value="FREDERICK ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK ALBERT BOSANQUET</hi> </persName>, Q.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19000723-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-13" type="surname" value="TRELOAR"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-13" type="given" value="WILLIAM PURDIE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi> </persName>, Knt., Alderman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-14" type="surname" value="BEVAN"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-14" type="given" value="ALFRED HENRY"/>SIR ALFRED HENRY BEVAN</persName> </hi>, Knt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<persName id="t19000723-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-15" type="surname" value="MAHON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-15" type="given" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. H. C. MAHON</hi> </persName>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t19000723-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-16" type="surname" value="LANGTON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-16" type="given" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. D. LANGTON</hi> </persName>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT.</p>
<p>NEWTON, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd,</hi> 1900.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p>448.
<persName id="def1-448-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-448-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-448-19000723" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-448-19000723" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-448-19000723" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY THOMPSON</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-448-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-448-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-448-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19000723-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-18" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-18" type="given" value="HENRY PUGH"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-18" type="occupation" value="dairyman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-448-offence-1 t19000723-name-18"/>Henry Pugh Lloyd</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-19" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-19" type="given" value="HENRY PUGH"/>HENRY PUGH LLOYD</persName> </hi>. I am a dairyman, of 3, Brushfield Street—on Sunday afternoon, June 17th, I went out about 3 o'clock, leaving nobody in the house—I locked the door before I went—I returned about 9.50 p.m., and tried to get in at the front door, but was unable to do so—I thought I heard somebody at the door inside, and heard the door being bolted—I sent for a policeman, who eventually succeeded in opening it—every
<lb/>thing in the house was upset—I did not miss anything—I do not know the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I do not know if the door was locked—I put my key into the lock, but could not turn it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-20" type="surname" value="BROGDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-20" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BROGDEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, H</hi>). On June 17th I was in Bishopsgate Street about 9.20 p.m.—I saw the prisoner passing the end of Brushfield Street about 10 yards from the prosecutor's shop—I knew him before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I think you had a long drab overcoat on—I cannot say what kind of hat it was—I know your features well.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-21" type="surname" value="LYON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-21" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT LYON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I examined the premises at 3, Brush
<lb/>field Street on the morning of June 18th—I found that the box staple had been forced from the door post on the first floor landing—there was a small swing window about 2 ft. by 15 in.—it had been wrenched from its socket and laid on one side, and some person had gone out through it on to a low roof which belongs to 70, Bishopsgate Street, which is a restaurant, where I noticed that a first floor window was open; it is about 2 1/2 ft. from the window in Brushfield Street—anybody could walk in and downstairs and out at the front door.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-22" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-22" type="surname" value="JORDON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-22" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE JORDON</persName> </hi>. I am employed at 70, Bishopsgate Street Without,</p>
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<p>which is a restaurant—on Sunday, June 17th, I was going to the restaurant about 10 p.m., and I saw the prisoner coming out at the door—the shop was not open for business that night—I next saw him on the 19th at the Police-station, and picked him out from among others.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I picked you out by your face as well as by your overcoat—I told the police I should know you if I saw you—there was a pretty good light there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-23" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-23" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES COLLINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). About 8 p.m. on June 19th I saw the prisoner in Brushfield Street—I told him I was a police officer, and, that he answered the description of a man that I wanted, and that he would be charged with breaking and entering No. 3, Brushfield Street—he said, "All right, sir"—I took him to the station—he was placed among eight more men, and was picked out by Alice Jordon—I asked him for his address—he would not give it to me, or any account of himself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said to me, "All right, I will go with you"—there was no man at the station who said to Jordon when she picked you out, "You have made a mistake; it was me"—I asked you three times if you were satisfied with your position among the men; you said, "Yes"—I asked the young woman three times to be quite sure, and she said she was quite sure.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I never remember a witness picking out a man, and then another man saying that the witness had made a mistake, and that he was the man—if such a thing did happen I should detain that man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-24" type="surname" value="JORDON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-24" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE JORDON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). When I identified the prisoner I did not hear another man say, "You have made a mistake; I am the man."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-25" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-25" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES COLLINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). No other officer who was present at the identification is here now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate:</hi>'I have never been in
<lb/>side the house in my life."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, on oath said that he had been previously convicted, that he had been brought into this case by Brogden, that he had not been in the house, and if he had he would not have stopped in the neighbourhood, as he knew the police had seen him that evening. </hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-448-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-448-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-448-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony on February 9th, 1898. Three other convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t19000723-448-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-448-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-448-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-448-19000723 t19000723-448-punishment-1"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<p>449.
<persName id="def1-449-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-449-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-449-19000723" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-449-19000723" type="surname" value="BEUVENISTI"/>
<interp inst="def1-449-19000723" type="given" value="HENRI"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRI BEUVENISTI</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-449-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-449-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-449-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging an order for the payment of £5, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DAVIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">During the progress of the trial the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stopped the case on the ground of insufficient identification, and returned a verdict of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-449-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-449-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-449-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<p>450.
<persName id="def1-450-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-450-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-450-19000723" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-450-19000723" type="surname" value="BEUVENISTI"/>
<interp inst="def1-450-19000723" type="given" value="HENRI"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRI BEUVENISTI</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t19000723-450-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-450-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-450-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> for unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t19000723-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-28" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-28" type="surname" value="GRUNDLER"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-28" type="given" value="LIZZIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-450-offence-1 t19000723-name-28"/>Lizzie Grundler</persName> £5 by false pretences.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">No evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-450-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-450-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-450-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<p>451.
<persName id="def1-451-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-451-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-451-19000723" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-451-19000723" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WILKINSON</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-451-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-451-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-451-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19000723-451-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-451-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-451-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t19000723-name-30" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-30" type="surname" value="SUMMERS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-30" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-451-offence-1 t19000723-name-30"/>Joseph Summers</persName> and stealing a handkerchief and£1 6s.;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to burglary in the same house and stealing £4 10s. 6d.;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to breaking into the warehouse of the
<persName id="t19000723-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-31" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-451-offence-1 t19000723-name-31"/>Wood Green Steam Laundry Co.</persName>, and stealing therein various articles of clothing; having been convicted at this Court on April 10th, 1899. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Another conviction was proved against him.—
<rs id="t19000723-451-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-451-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-451-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-451-19000723 t19000723-451-punishment-2"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-452">
<interp inst="t19000723-452" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-452" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-452-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-452-19000723 t19000723-452-offence-1 t19000723-452-verdict-1"/>
<p>452.
<persName id="def1-452-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-452-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-452-19000723" type="surname" value="MCKENZIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-452-19000723" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER McKENZIE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">otherwise</hi>
<rs id="t19000723-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-452-19000723 t19000723-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ETHERINGTON</hi> </rs> </persName>
<rs id="t19000723-452-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-452-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-452-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-452-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-452-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-452-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to obtaining from Charles Hindle £3 10s. by false pretences; having been convicted of a like offence on November 12th, 1895. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Two other convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t19000723-452-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-452-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-452-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-452-19000723 t19000723-452-punishment-3"/>Twelve Calendar Months.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-453">
<interp inst="t19000723-453" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-453" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-453-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-453-19000723 t19000723-453-offence-1 t19000723-453-verdict-1"/>
<p>453.
<persName id="def1-453-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-453-19000723" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-453-19000723" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-453-19000723" type="given" value="GRACE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRACE SAUNDERS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19000723-453-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-453-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-453-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-453-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-453-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-453-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing four coats, the property of
<persName id="t19000723-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-34" type="surname" value="LAZARUS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-34" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-453-offence-1 t19000723-name-34"/>Abraham Lazarus</persName>, her master;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing eight coats, the property of
<persName id="t19000723-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-35" type="surname" value="GOLDBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-35" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-453-offence-1 t19000723-name-35"/>Morris Goldberg</persName>, her master. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-453-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-453-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-453-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-453-19000723 t19000723-453-punishment-4"/>Discharged on recognizances</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-454">
<interp inst="t19000723-454" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-454" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-454-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-454-19000723 t19000723-454-offence-1 t19000723-454-verdict-1"/>
<p>454.
<persName id="def1-454-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-454-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-454-19000723" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-454-19000723" type="surname" value="GOOGH"/>
<interp inst="def1-454-19000723" type="given" value="THOMAS ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-454-19000723" type="occupation" value="employed under the Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS ADAMS GOOGH</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-454-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-454-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-454-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-454-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-454-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-454-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing post letters containing postal orders for 10s., 20s., and 20s., the property of
<persName id="t19000723-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-37" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-454-offence-1 t19000723-name-37"/>H.M. Postmaster General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-454-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-454-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-454-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-454-19000723 t19000723-454-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-455">
<interp inst="t19000723-455" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-455" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-455-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-455-19000723 t19000723-455-offence-1 t19000723-455-verdict-1"/>
<p>455.
<persName id="def1-455-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-455-19000723" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-455-19000723" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-455-19000723" type="surname" value="MCCLARY"/>
<interp inst="def1-455-19000723" type="given" value="ROSE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROSE McCLARY</hi>, (21)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-455-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-455-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-455-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-455-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-455-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-455-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging an order for the payment of£7 11s. 7d. And</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-456">
<interp inst="t19000723-456" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-456" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-456-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-456-19000723 t19000723-456-offence-1 t19000723-456-verdict-1"/>
<p>(456)
<persName id="def1-456-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-456-19000723" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-456-19000723" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-456-19000723" type="surname" value="RANE"/>
<interp inst="def1-456-19000723" type="given" value="MARIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARIE RANE</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-456-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-456-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-456-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-456-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-456-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-456-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> to unlawfully abandoning a male child under the age of 10 years in a manner likely to endanger its health—</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-456-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-456-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-456-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-456-19000723 t19000723-456-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Days' imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-457">
<interp inst="t19000723-457" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-457" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-457-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-457-19000723 t19000723-457-offence-1 t19000723-457-verdict-1"/>
<p>457.
<persName id="def1-457-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-457-19000723" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-457-19000723" type="age" value="f"/>
<interp inst="def1-457-19000723" type="surname" value="BUDGEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-457-19000723" type="given" value="CLARA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARA BUDGEN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19000723-457-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-457-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-457-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19000723-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-41" type="surname" value="MOY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-41" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-457-offence-1 t19000723-name-41"/>Chas. Moy</persName>, her hus
<lb/>band being alive.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-457-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-457-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-457-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd,</hi> 1900.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-458">
<interp inst="t19000723-458" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-458" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-458-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-458-19000723 t19000723-458-offence-1 t19000723-458-verdict-1"/>
<p>458.
<persName id="def1-458-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-458-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-458-19000723" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-458-19000723" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="def1-458-19000723" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL NEALE</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-458-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-458-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-458-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-43" type="surname" value="MCKINLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-43" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID MCKINLEY</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Haberdashers' Arms, Pitfield Street, Hoxton—on July 7th, about 10 p.m., I served the prisoner with a half-pint of ale, price 1
<hi rend="italic">d.;</hi> he tendered a bad shilling; I tried it with my teeth, and gave it to the landlord, who asked him if he had any more money; he said "Yes," and tendered another bad one; the landlord told him to stop while he sent for a constable, and he did stop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-44" type="surname" value="AMPLEFORD"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-44" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS AMPLEFORD</persName> </hi>. I keep the Haberdashers' As—on July 7th McKinley handed me a bad shilling and pointed out the prisoner to me; I said, "You have tendered my barman a bad shilling;" he said "Did I?"—I asked how many more he had got; he produced another; I said, "This is a bad one, too," and jumped over the counter, called a constable and gave him in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-45" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-45" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT TURNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant, G</hi>). The prisoner was given into my charge—I took him into the passage and found on him a good six-pence, sixpence and five small packets of tobacco, which he was allowed to keep—he was sober, he was charged with uttering at the station, and said, "I am innocent," and when the charge was read over to him he made no reply—he gave his name as Samuel</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230006"/>
<p>Neale, but refused his address—he said, "I refuse to give any account of myself"—on the remand I asked him again; he referred me to Mr. Somerton, the foreman of the painters and decorators—I went there, but found no one answering to his description—he said nothing about having got the coins in change, till after he was committed for trial.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-46" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-46" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM. JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of coin to H.M. Mint. These two shillings are bad, and of different dates</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his statement before the Magistate, and in his defence, said that he must have taken the coins in change, and did not know they were bad.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-458-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-458-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-458-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-458-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-458-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-458-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-458-19000723 t19000723-458-punishment-7"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-459">
<interp inst="t19000723-459" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-459" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-459-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-459-19000723 t19000723-459-offence-1 t19000723-459-verdict-1"/>
<p>459.
<persName id="def1-459-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-459-19000723" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-459-19000723" type="age" value="f"/>
<interp inst="def1-459-19000723" type="surname" value="SPARKES"/>
<interp inst="def1-459-19000723" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDITH SPARKES</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-459-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-459-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-459-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19000723-459-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-459-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-459-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering an order for £2 13s. 4d.,
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> another order for £2 13s. 4d., with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-459-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-459-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-459-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-459-19000723 t19000723-459-punishment-8"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-460">
<interp inst="t19000723-460" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-460" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-460-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-460-19000723 t19000723-460-offence-1 t19000723-460-verdict-1"/>
<p>460.
<persName id="def1-460-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-460-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-460-19000723" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-460-19000723" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-460-19000723" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GRANT</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-460-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-460-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-460-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/>, Stealing 45 1/4 yards of silk, the property of
<persName id="t19000723-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-49" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-49" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-460-offence-1 t19000723-name-49"/>Francis Cook</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-50" type="surname" value="MICHELE"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-50" type="given" value="DE"/>MR. DE MICHELE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-51" type="surname" value="BURBY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-51" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM. BURBY</persName> </hi>. I am salesman to Messrs. Cook and Son, of St. Paul's Churchyard—on July 13th, about 1.45, the prisoner came into the silk department—he had a blue overcoat on—Mr. Young took a patern from him for the purpose of matching it—I saw some silk shown to him, and the salesman left him to get a price list; I went behind a fixture and watched him and saw him take a piece of silk from a stack on the counter and place it under his overcoat and button it—there were 45 1/4 yards, value £6—I went round and informed the salesman—I went with Young and asked him some questions while the manager was being fetched—he was very much excited, and very anxious to get away—I took him to the end of the warehouse—the silk was not on him, it was found on the counter about two yards from the stack—I charged him with stealing a pieceof silk—he made several statements—I do not think his coat was buttoned when the assistant came back—I had lost sight of him for a few minutes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I think there were seven assistants in the shop—it was about lunch time—I detained you 10 minutes or a quarter of an hour at the back of the warehouse, not where the silk was found—I did not find it myself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-52" type="surname" value="SAYER"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-52" type="given" value="JOSIAH"/>JOSIAH SAYER</persName> </hi>. I am a salesman to Cook & Co.—on July 13th I found this piece of silk about two yards from its original position on the stack, which had been built two hours previously.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It is not possible that somebody took the silk off the stack in my absence, I can swear that nobody else touched it—I looked immediately, I did not wait 10 minutes and then look.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-53" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-53" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>ALBERT EDWARD YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I am a salesman to Cook, Sons & Co.—I saw the prisoner come in between 1.30 and 2 o'clock—he produced a pattern of silk and asked if I could match it—I said that we could not; it had a pink edge—I showed him three pieces having different edges, but net this piece—this has not a pink edge, but I found some of the same quality—I went away for a price list; Mr. Burby spoke to me and I spoke to the manager and then to the prisoner—he said that the goods were for Mr. Daniels, of Kentish Town—he had a particularly</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230007"/>
<p>heavy overcoat, considering the weather, and just at that time he adjusted it and buttoned it up—he was agitated, and seemed in a hurry to get away—he endeavoured to get past me, but was detained till the manager arrived and taken to the back of the warehouse.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said that you wanted a half piece 35 or 40 yards—I did not cut you any—I asked you questions to detain you, and kept hold of you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Burby came up and said, "Young, that man has a piece of silk under his coat"—there was a wooden screen on the counter, owing to which he was out of my sight for a second or two—I went on the other side of the screen 15 ft. from the prisoner, who came to the end of the screen, looked round and disappeared again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-54" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-54" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CLARKE</persName> </hi> (218,
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). I took the prisoner at Messrs. Cook's—on the way to the station he said "I never touched the silk"—I found on him 1s. 5d., 14 pawn-tickets, and several patterns of merino.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, stated that he never touched any silk, that if he had found what he wanted he should have gone back in a day or two and ordered it, and that he only opened his coat as it was a very hot day.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-460-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-460-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-460-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at Clerkenwell on April</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd,</hi> 1894,
<hi rend="italic">and four other convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t19000723-460-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-460-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-460-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-460-19000723 t19000723-460-punishment-9"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1900.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Bigham.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-461">
<interp inst="t19000723-461" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-461" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-461-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-461-19000723 t19000723-461-offence-1 t19000723-461-verdict-1"/>
<p>461.
<persName id="def1-461-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-461-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-461-19000723" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-461-19000723" type="surname" value="HUTTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-461-19000723" type="given" value="JOSEPH JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH JOHN HUTTON</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-461-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-461-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-461-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19000723-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-56" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-56" type="surname" value="HUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-56" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-461-offence-1 t19000723-name-56"/>Eliza Hutton</persName>, with intent to murder her.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JOHNSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t19000723-461-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-461-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-461-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="nonComposMentis"/>
<hi rend="italic">Upon the evidence of Dr.
<persName id="t19000723-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-57" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-57" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-57" type="occupation" value="medical officer"/>James Scott</persName>, the medical officer at Holloway, that the prisoner was of unsound mind, and unable to understand the nature of the charge, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">returned a verdict to that effect.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-461-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-461-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-461-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-461-19000723 t19000723-461-punishment-10"/>To be detained during Her Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-462">
<interp inst="t19000723-462" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-462" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-462-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-462-19000723 t19000723-462-offence-1 t19000723-462-verdict-1"/>
<p>462.
<persName id="def1-462-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-462-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-19000723" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-19000723" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-19000723" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-19000723" type="occupation" value="waiter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN COLLINS</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-462-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-462-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-462-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> Unlawfully attempting to adminster certain noxious things to
<persName id="t19000723-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-59" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-59" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-59" type="occupation" value="manager of temperance hotel"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-462-offence-1 t19000723-name-59"/>William Lewis</persName>, and causing them to be taken by him with intent to injure or annoy him.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUGHES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-60" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-60" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Wood Street Temperance Hotel, City, which belongs to the British Tea Table Co.—I entered upon my duties there on June 2nd—the prisoner was acting as a waiter there—I had to complain of him on June 3rd and for about three days afterwards, after which he did his work all right—on June 27th, between 11 and 12 a.m., I wanted some tea and sent the prisoner to get some and a roll and butter, he returned with the tea and then went for the roll and but
<lb/>ter; while he was gone I poured some tea into a cup from the teapot—it smelt very peculiar, and I was going downstairs to the manageress with the teapot when I met the prisoner—he asked me where I was going—I told him I was going to take the tea down to the manageress—he said he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230008"/>
<p>would take it for me—he did not show any anxiety to take it—he asked me what was the matter with the tea—I said it smelt funny—he smelt it and said it did smell funny—I took it down and left it with the manageress—then I went upstairs with another cup of tea—the prisoner had coffee for himself—I told him that the manageress had said that something was wrong with the tea, and that she had got it—the pri
<lb/>soner threw his coffee away because he said there might be something wrong with that—I drank my tea—I went away for a few minutes, and when I returned there was another smell in the room—I asked the prisoner what it was—he said he did not know—I found a bottle in the dust-hole which had the same smell which I had smelt in the room the second time, but different from the first smell—I wiped the bottle and put it into my pocket—I found the key of a room which Collins had the right to use, which I had locked, and hung the key on a board, but I found it on the floor—I asked Collins who had used the key—he said that he had—I went into the room and found two more bottles there—I told Collins I had found two bottles, and he made no answer—I asked him if he had got the bottle which I had found in the dust-hole; he said, "Yes," and I said, "It must have been you who put the stuff in my tea" he said, "Yes, I did, but you did not drink it"—he pulled another bottle from his pocket and poured something into a teacup and pretended to drink it himself, until I took the bottle and the teacup from him—I asked him why he acted so foolishly; he said, "It does not matter"—I asked him why he had put the stuff in my tea; he said, it did not matter, but next morning he would be more particular, because he would bring up his revolver—I told him to aim straight—I had all the bottles in my possession then, and I went and told a policeman—I locked the prisoner in the room, but when I came back with the police-man he was gone—I saw him next in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-61" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-61" type="surname" value="RAINEY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-61" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH RAINEY</persName> </hi>. I am a waitress employed by the British Tea Table Company, Wood Street—on June 27th the prisoner came and asked me to make a cup of tea—he came every morning for tea for him
<lb/>self and the manager—I made him a cup of tea and a cup of coffee for himself, and he took them away—soon after he had gone I noticed a very strange small—the manager came down and brought the tea cup, I put it away in a cupboard—it was not touched.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-62" type="surname" value="STEPHENSON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-62" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS STEPHENSON</persName> </hi>. I am an official analyst at the Home Office and a Doctor of Medicine—I have had two bottles handed to me, and have analysed them; one contains a solution of ether and iodine, which is only used for outward application and the other tea, and the constituents of the other bottle.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-63" type="surname" value="CRITTLE"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-63" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED CRITTLE</persName> </hi>. (429
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). On June 27th I was called to Wood Street by the prosecutor—two bottles were handed to me—I arrested the prisoner at 8, St. James' Place, Pall Mall, where he was employed as a porter at a chemist's shop—I said I should arrest him for attempting to murder William Lewis and attempting to commit suicide—he said, "I admit putting the stuff into the tea, but I deny having attempted to commit suicde"—I afterwards went to his uncle's place at Chelsea, and this revolver was handed to me and five cartridges, which his uncle had taken away from the boy.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230009"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, on oath, said that he put the stuff into the tea for a joke, that he did not intend to do any harm to the prosecutor, and did not know what was in the bottle.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-462-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-462-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-462-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1900.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-463">
<interp inst="t19000723-463" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-463" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-463-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-463-19000723 t19000723-463-offence-1 t19000723-463-verdict-1"/>
<p>463.
<persName id="def1-463-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-463-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-463-19000723" type="surname" value="GROVES"/>
<interp inst="def1-463-19000723" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GROVES</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-463-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-463-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-463-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19000723-463-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-463-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-463-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19000723-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-65" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-65" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-65" type="given" value="CLARA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-463-offence-1 t19000723-name-65"/>Clara Hart</persName>, his wife being alive.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-463-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-463-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-463-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-463-19000723 t19000723-463-punishment-11"/>Two Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-464">
<interp inst="t19000723-464" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-464" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-464-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-464-19000723 t19000723-464-offence-1 t19000723-464-verdict-1"/>
<p>464.
<persName id="def1-464-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-464-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-464-19000723" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-464-19000723" type="surname" value="AITCHESON"/>
<interp inst="def1-464-19000723" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER AITCHESON</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-464-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-464-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-464-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-464-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-464-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-464-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, to committing an act of gross indecency.—</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-464-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-464-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-464-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-464-19000723 t19000723-464-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Weeks' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-465">
<interp inst="t19000723-465" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-465" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-465-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-465-19000723 t19000723-465-offence-1 t19000723-465-verdict-1"/>
<p>465.
<persName id="def1-465-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-465-19000723" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-465-19000723" type="surname" value="LAING"/>
<interp inst="def1-465-19000723" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH LAING</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19000723-465-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-465-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-465-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-465-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-465-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-465-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, to feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19000723-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-68" type="surname" value="LAING"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-68" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-465-offence-1 t19000723-name-68"/>Daniel Laing</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm, and to a conviction at Clerkenwell on September 5th, 1899. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Five other convictions were proved against her.—
<rs id="t19000723-465-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-465-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-465-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-465-19000723 t19000723-465-punishment-13"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-466">
<interp inst="t19000723-466" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-466" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-466-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-466-19000723 t19000723-466-offence-1 t19000723-466-verdict-1"/>
<p>466.
<persName id="def1-466-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-466-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-466-19000723" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-466-19000723" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-466-19000723" type="given" value="CECIL GROSVENOR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CECIL GROSVENOR WILLIAMS</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-466-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-466-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-466-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-466-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-466-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-466-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtain
<lb/>ing £50 from
<persName id="t19000723-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-70" type="surname" value="ROWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-70" type="given" value="PHILLIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-466-offence-1 t19000723-name-70"/>Phillis Rowell</persName> by false pretences,
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to obtaining credit to the extent of £527 13s. 2d. from
<persName id="t19000723-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-71" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-71" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-466-offence-1 t19000723-name-71"/>John Walker</persName> with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-466-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-466-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-466-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-466-19000723 t19000723-466-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-467">
<interp inst="t19000723-467" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-467" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-467-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-467-19000723 t19000723-467-offence-1 t19000723-467-verdict-1"/>
<p>467.
<persName id="def1-467-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-467-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-467-19000723" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-467-19000723" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS ROGERS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19000723-467-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-467-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-467-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-467-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-467-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-467-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a jewel case, the property of
<persName id="t19000723-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-73" type="surname" value="BLOWS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-73" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-467-offence-1 t19000723-name-73"/>George Blows</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing four studs and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t19000723-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-74" type="surname" value="BODMAN"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-74" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-467-offence-1 t19000723-name-74"/>George Bodman</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a case and a watch-chain, the property of
<persName id="t19000723-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-75" type="surname" value="MCCORMACK"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-75" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-467-offence-1 t19000723-name-75"/>Patrick McCormack</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing 1s. 6d., the money of
<persName id="t19000723-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-76" type="surname" value="LUCAS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-76" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-467-offence-1 t19000723-name-76"/>Frederick William Lucas</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-467-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-467-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-467-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-467-19000723 t19000723-467-punishment-15"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-468">
<interp inst="t19000723-468" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-468" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-468-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-468-19000723 t19000723-468-offence-1 t19000723-468-verdict-1"/>
<p>468.
<persName id="def1-468-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-468-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-468-19000723" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-468-19000723" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-468-19000723" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES BROWN</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-468-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-468-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-468-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-468-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-468-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-468-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t19000723-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-78" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-78" type="surname" value="DALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-78" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-468-offence-1 t19000723-name-78"/>Alice Dallard</persName>, his wife being alive.—</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-468-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-468-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-468-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-468-19000723 t19000723-468-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two Days' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-469">
<interp inst="t19000723-469" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-469" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-469-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-469-19000723 t19000723-469-offence-1 t19000723-469-verdict-1"/>
<p>469.
<persName id="def1-469-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-469-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-469-19000723" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-469-19000723" type="surname" value="PAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-469-19000723" type="given" value="JOHN BAPTISTE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BAPTISTE PAWLEY</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-469-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-469-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-469-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-469-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-469-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-469-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="kidnapping"/>, to unlawfully taking
<persName id="t19000723-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-80" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-80" type="surname" value="GUNBY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-80" type="given" value="MAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-469-offence-1 t19000723-name-80"/>May Gunby</persName>, aged 14, out of her father's custody, with intent, etc.—</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-469-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-469-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-469-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-469-19000723 t19000723-469-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-470">
<interp inst="t19000723-470" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-470" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-470-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-470-19000723 t19000723-470-offence-1 t19000723-470-verdict-1"/>
<p>(470)
<persName id="def1-470-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-470-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-470-19000723" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-470-19000723" type="surname" value="BEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-470-19000723" type="given" value="CHARLES THOMAS"/>CHARLES THOMAS BEST (23)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-470-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-470-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-470-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to wilfully falsifying the books of the
<persName id="t19000723-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-82" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-470-offence-1 t19000723-name-82"/>Pholochrom Co.</persName>, his masters.—</rs>
<rs id="t19000723-470-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-470-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-470-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-470-19000723 t19000723-470-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-471">
<interp inst="t19000723-471" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-471" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-471-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-471-19000723 t19000723-471-offence-1 t19000723-471-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-471-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-471-19000723 t19000723-471-offence-2 t19000723-471-verdict-1"/>
<p>471.
<persName id="def1-471-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-471-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-471-19000723" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-471-19000723" type="surname" value="HANDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-471-19000723" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR HANDS</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-471-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-471-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-471-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining 12s. 6d. by false pretences from the
<persName id="t19000723-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-84" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-471-offence-1 t19000723-name-84"/>British Printing Press Co., Ltd.</persName> </rs>
<rs id="t19000723-471-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-471-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-471-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts: </hi> For uttering forged advertisements of the said company, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LORD COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DOHERTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner withdrew his plea and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to the forgery Counts, upon which Counts the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found him</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-471-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-471-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-471-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-471-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-471-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-471-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Count for false pretences. He received a good character.—
<rs id="t19000723-471-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-471-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-471-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-471-19000723 t19000723-471-punishment-19"/>Judgment Respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-472">
<interp inst="t19000723-472" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-472" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-472-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-472-19000723 t19000723-472-offence-1 t19000723-472-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-472-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-472-19000723 t19000723-472-offence-1 t19000723-472-verdict-1"/>
<p>472.
<persName id="def1-472-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-472-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-472-19000723" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-472-19000723" type="given" value="JOHN EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN EDWARD JOHNSON</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-472-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-472-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-472-19000723" type="surname" value="GIGENBERG"/>
<interp inst="def2-472-19000723" type="given" value="ADOLPHUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADOLPHUS GIGENBERG</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t19000723-472-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-472-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-472-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Stealing a bicycle, the property of the
<persName id="t19000723-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-87" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-472-offence-1 t19000723-name-87"/>Triumph Cycle Company, Limited</persName>
<hi rend="italic">Second Count:</hi> Feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POYNTER</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, proceeded on the Second Count only, and the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that there was not sufficient evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-472-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-472-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-472-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-473">
<interp inst="t19000723-473" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-473" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-473-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-473-19000723 t19000723-473-offence-1 t19000723-473-verdict-1"/>
<p>473.
<persName id="def1-473-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-473-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-473-19000723" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-473-19000723" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-473-19000723" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT WHITE</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-473-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-473-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-473-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19000723-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-89" type="surname" value="BOWLES"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-89" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-89" type="occupation" value="cooper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-473-offence-1 t19000723-name-89"/>William Bowles</persName> and stealing a watch, a chain and a seal, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JOHNSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-90" type="surname" value="BOWLES"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-90" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BOWLES</persName> </hi>. I am a cooper, of 118, Stepney Green—on June 30th I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230010"/>
<p>was in White Horse Lane at 9.30 p.m., and the prisoner asked me if I would give him a light—I did so—he put his arm round my neck, threw me down and took my watch, worth£7 10s., and my chain, worth£5 10s.—he got away with the seal—I identified him at the station the following Tuesday, from 10 or 12 men—I have only been able to do light work since the assault, and am still in plaster—I was in bed four days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-91" type="surname" value="STEPHENS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-91" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK STEPHENS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H</hi>). On July 2nd, at 8.30 p.m., I saw the prisoner on Stepney Green—I said that he answered the description of a man who committed a robbery on Saturday night—he said, "If I had known you would have asked me for that watch, you would not have seen me for eight years; I should have been in the Army"—afterwards he called out to a man, "They have got me for that job on Saturday night," and struck me on my jaw, and I fell, and struck him—I took him to the station, and the prosecutor identified him—he said nothing—he afterwards said, "That man is wicked; he lost nothing"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I did not snatch the watch; I am innocent."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-473-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-473-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-473-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction on December 15th, 1891, at the Thames Police-court. Three other convictions were proved against him, and he had been twice dismissed from the Army with ignominy.—
<rs id="t19000723-473-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-473-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-473-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-473-19000723 t19000723-473-punishment-20"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday and Wednesday, July</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1900</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-474">
<interp inst="t19000723-474" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-474" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-474-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-474-19000723 t19000723-474-offence-1 t19000723-474-verdict-1"/>
<p>474.—
<persName id="def1-474-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-474-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-474-19000723" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-474-19000723" type="surname" value="HAMBLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-474-19000723" type="given" value="REUBEN SUTTON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REUBEN SUTTON HAMBLEY</hi> (20)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-474-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-474-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-474-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t19000723-474-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-474-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-474-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to attempting to obtain by false pretences from
<persName id="t19000723-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-93" type="surname" value="PRIMOCK"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-93" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-474-offence-1 t19000723-name-93"/>Charles Primock</persName> 13 quarters of beef, and to obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t19000723-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-94" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-94" type="given" value="HAROLD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-474-offence-1 t19000723-name-94"/>Harold Thomas</persName> and others 10 quarters of beef and other property, with intend to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-474-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-474-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-474-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-474-19000723 t19000723-474-punishment-21"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-475">
<interp inst="t19000723-475" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-475" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-475-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-475-19000723 t19000723-475-offence-1 t19000723-475-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-475-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-475-19000723 t19000723-475-offence-1 t19000723-475-verdict-1"/>
<p>475.—
<persName id="def1-475-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-475-19000723" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-475-19000723" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-475-19000723" type="surname" value="SKEGGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-475-19000723" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY SKEGGS</hi> (26)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-475-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-475-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-475-19000723" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-475-19000723" type="surname" value="SKIDMORE"/>
<interp inst="def2-475-19000723" type="given" value="CHARLES ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES ERNEST SKIDMORE</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-475-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-475-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-475-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, Unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the dead body of a newly-born child. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SKIDMORE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-475-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-475-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-475-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-475-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-475-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-475-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-475-19000723 t19000723-475-punishment-22"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SKEGGS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-475-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-475-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-475-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-476">
<interp inst="t19000723-476" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-476" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-476-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-476-19000723 t19000723-476-offence-1 t19000723-476-verdict-1"/>
<p>476.
<persName id="def1-476-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-476-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-476-19000723" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-476-19000723" type="surname" value="SAWYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-476-19000723" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SAWYER</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-476-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-476-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-476-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing six suits of clothes and other goods, belonging to
<persName id="t19000723-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-98" type="surname" value="HOWARTH"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-98" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-476-offence-1 t19000723-name-98"/>William Howarth</persName>, in
<placeName id="t19000723-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-476-offence-1 t19000723-geo-1"/>a vessel on the River Thames.</placeName> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MORGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stopped the case for want of evidence, and returned a verdict of</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-476-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-476-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-476-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-477">
<interp inst="t19000723-477" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-477" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-477-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-477-19000723 t19000723-477-offence-1 t19000723-477-verdict-1"/>
<p>477.
<persName id="def1-477-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-477-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-477-19000723" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-477-19000723" type="surname" value="SAWYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-477-19000723" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SAWYER</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t19000723-477-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-477-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-477-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> for stealing a table-cloth on board the ship
<hi rend="italic">Batavia.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MORGAN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-477-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-477-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-477-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-478">
<interp inst="t19000723-478" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-478" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-478-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-478-19000723 t19000723-478-offence-1 t19000723-478-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-478-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-478-19000723 t19000723-478-offence-1 t19000723-478-verdict-1"/>
<p>478.
<persName id="def1-478-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-478-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-478-19000723" type="surname" value="GREENBERG"/>
<interp inst="def1-478-19000723" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACOB GREENBERG</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-478-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-478-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-478-19000723" type="surname" value="ATTELSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-478-19000723" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ABRAHAM ATTELSON</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t19000723-478-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-478-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-478-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>Un
<lb/>lawfully failing to discover to their trustee in bankruptcy all their property.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts:</hi> For other offences under the Debtors' Act of 1869.
<hi rend="italic">Fourth Count:</hi> Within four months before their bankruptcy disposing of, other
<lb/>wisewise than in the ordinary way of their trade, timber, value £180 6s. 6d., which they had obtained on credit and had not paid for.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230011"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. YOUNG</hi>, Q.C.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. EMANUEL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-102" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-102" type="given" value="GEORGE INGLIS"/>GEORGE INGLIS BOYLE</persName> </hi>. I am a messenger in the Bankruptcy Court—I produce the file of proceedings in the bankruptcy of Jacob Greenberg and Abraham Attelson, trading as Greenberg & Attelson, timber merchants, of 115, Bethnal Green Road—the petitioning creditor's petition is dated August 30th, 1899, the receiving order September 22nd, the adjudication October 6th, and the appointment of Mr. Bourner as trustee October 9th—from the statement of affairs filed by the bankrupt there is a deficiency of £1,197 13s. 10d., the liabilities are £2,079 6s. 4d., the assets £881 12s. 6d.—there is an original and amended statement—the name of Weinig appears among the contingent and other liabilities of the separate estate of Attelson—Weinig's address is Maplin Street, Mile End—he is described as a waiter and the amount as £25 for attendances at King's Hall on June 20th, 1899—on the file is an order of Mr. Justice Wright of May 8th, 1900, upon an application on the part of the trustee against Isaac Griew—the defendants were publicly examined on Novem
<lb/>ber 9th and other days—this is a transcript of the evidence which is on the file. (
<hi rend="italic">This was partly read</hi>.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-103" type="surname" value="HUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-103" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HUTTON</persName> </hi>. I have been connected with the firm of Leary & Co., timber merchants, for some years, including Christmas, 1899—they first did business with the defendants in March, 1898—up to June, 1899, the transactions were payments within a month, under discount—on June 2nd I saw Greenberg at the defendants' office—he offered to purchase about a car-load of oak which I wanted to sell—that is about 10,000 to 12,000 ft. superficial—I reported to my principals, and they agreed to supply—on July 24th the delivery order was sent, and this invoice—the amount is £117 13s. 10d.—the terms were the same as before, but we could not enforce them, the discount being 2 1/2 per cent. for cash in a month—after the timber was sent I saw Mr. Greenberg, who said he had seen Mr. Leary, and asked him for the return of the delivery order, and Mr. Leary handed it to him—I went to the meeting of creditors at Masons' Hall Tavern on August 15th, to represent Leary & Co.—a com
<lb/>position of 7s. 6d. in the £ was proposed, and ultimately I agreed to 10s. in the £, provided it was secure—no payment has been made of this account.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was in constant touch with the defendants—we had very few dealings—I found them straightforward—everything up to the last account was paid promptly—this was part of a special cargo of oak—the payment for this timber became due on August 24th—they offered it back—I refused to take it—our dealings amounted to £390 8s. 1d.—the profit they sold it at was at about one-eighth of a penny—it was sold for £139—it is not a good profit, to my mind—there was £22 profit on the transaction—I should call that a good profit.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> If I had sold this timber to Griew & Co. they would have had to pay the dock charges over 72 hours, which are free—if not cleared till August 28th there would be full dock charges, about £12 or</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230012"/>
<p>£14—other charges for cutting, etc., were not likely—the timber would not be worth more, owing to the dock charges accumulating—I produce the cash account put in by the debtors—this cash account is not the same as the statement of affairs—the item in the account for £12 5s., dock charges, does not specify in respect of what timber such charges were made—I find in the account, an item of £100 paid into the bank on April 1st, 1899—the account does not say what it is for—it is, however, in the column headed "Paid into bank," and there is "A.A." against the entry—I find an item entered in the same column on June 19th, 1899, "A. Attelson, £100"—the total amount shown by the account to have been lodged in the bank, is £8,069, and the payments out were £8,483.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-104" type="surname" value="LEARY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-104" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST LEARY</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Leary & Co., of 4, Lombard Court—Mr. Hutton is in my service—I had personally nothing to do with the sale of this timber—after the sale, Greenberg called upon me, I think about the beginning of August—he said, "Your firm has given me a dock delivery for certain timber, but these goods are still lying at the docks, and I am being pressed by my creditors, and as I might not be able to pay for the goods, I think I ought to bring the dock delivery order back"—I said, "I don't think I can take the order back"—that was all the conversation on that day—he came again with his partner soon after—they then said they expected bankruptcy proceedings—I said, "Consult a solicitor"—there was some further conversation as to the former pro
<lb/>posal to bring back the delivery order and my refusal to accept it—I gave them some explanation as to my reason for not taking the order back—that was the last time I saw them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I said before the Magistrate that the date of the second call would be August 4th—they then appeared to be consulting me as to what their line of conduct should be—they are somewhat illiterate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-105" type="surname" value="POLAND"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-105" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOSHUA"/>ARTHUR JOSHUA POLAND</persName> </hi>. I am a timber merchant—last year I was in the service of Messrs. Moss & Co, of 88, Bishopsgate Street—on July 24th last year I was at the prisoner's office—I saw Greenberg—he gave me on order—this is the sale-note (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—it is dated on that day—it is for walnut timber at 4 1/4 d. per ft.—the amount is, roughly, £180—the invoice(
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) gives the exact sum, £180 6s. 6d.—it is dated July 25th, "ex St. Leonard—that is for walnut wood alone—this letter was sent on same date from my firm to them—the transfer order was given to them, and they would get the timber from the docks—I called on them less than a week after the transfer in consequence of something I had heard—I believe I saw Greenberg—I paid, "I think you have acted rather shabbily to us as I hear you have been served with two or three writs; give me the order back"—he said, "I cannot, as the walnut has already been sold"—we never obtained payment—the prisoners failed shortly after—I afterwards bought the walnut back from Mr. Griew, for which I gave £80.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was willing to take the timber back if I could have got it—I had no knowledge of any act of bankruptcy—I believe I dealt with these people for several years—up to this time I had always been paid properly—there was nothing different in this from any previous</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230013"/>
<p>transaction—I called upon them for an order in the usual course of busi
<lb/>ness—Mr. Griew is, I believe, a brother-in-law of one of the prisoners—he is in a large way of business in the cabinet trade—Mr. Moss has dealt largely with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I got the wood back from Mr. Griew in August—I bought the wood back before the prisoners became bankrupt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-106" type="surname" value="BOURNER"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-106" type="given" value="ARTHUR CHARLES"/>ARTHUR CHARLES BOURNER</persName> </hi>. I am a chartered accountant—I was appointed trustee in the defendants' bankruptcy on October 9th, 1899—I was present at their public examination on November 9th—I then saw for the first time the receipt for £175—it was handed me by Attelson—it is dated August 31st, 1899—I wrote to Weinig immediately at the address given in the statement of affairs, Maplin Road—the letter was returned to me—I wrote again, and that letter was returned—I first found Weinig when he was served by an officer for examination under Sec. 27—this account(
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) shows total receipts in cash £7,852 1s. 6d.—there are also receipts which came from the bank—the cash account shows that they paid £7,857 8s. 9d., which includes cheques drawn in their favour—the amount drawn from the bank and paid away totals £15,809; that is, cheques drawn to pay creditors—the amount paid into the bank and the amount paid in cash total £16,533 16s. 7d., or £526 8s. 3d. more than they had received—the payments out include the amounts they drew themselves—the accounts show £6 a week drawn by each of them—at the end of the account is an item of £1,415, which purports to be in respect of cheques drawn by themselves—this entry is accounted for in the receipts—it is by putting that entry in that they arrive at the over payments—that was in addition to the £6 a week each—this accounts for the sum which they say they paid out in excess of what they received—there are also entries relating to bills amounting to £175, which are wrongly entered—the effect of these entries being wrongly made renders their account deficient £845 13s. 8d.—in the day book there is an entry dated August 28th, 1899, of the sale of timber to Isaac Griew—that gives the figures of the measurement of the wood, and £139 6s. 9d. as the price—I produce the cheque from Griew; it is for £135 17s. 2d.—that is loss 2 1/2 per cent. discount—it is dated August 21st, and drawn by Griew on the London and South Western Bank, Shore-ditch, and endorsed "Greenberg & Attelson"—they did not keep a proper cash book—there was nothing in their books to show what became of cheques and money represented by cheques—cheques were cashed over the counter, and money taken by Attelson—I found an entry showing what became of the walnut obtained from Mr. Moss—there is an entry on July 31st, £190 18s. 8d., and by the day book it appears to be walnut—they did not keep a ledger account for Mr. Moss.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They are not skilful accountants—it came out at the public examination that during part of the time their staff of clerks consisted of one boy—I am the London manager of a timber association—I told the defendants I considered this a case of fraud, and that I had the authority of the creditors to spend the whole of the estate if neces
<lb/>sary to secure a conviction—I was determined to do my duty as the creditors' representative—I cannot produce the original letters which I addressed to Weinig, and which were returned—I have the copies—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230014"/>
<p>address is entered as Caplin Street, but the C is altered to M—I did not look in the directory to verify it—Weinig handed his card to me at the examination, but I lost it—I sent the second letter to Maplin Street after that—I do not now know the correct address—in the first instance I got the address from the statement of affairs where Weinig appears as a creditor—I should say that Weinig was found at the address on the card, which was 29, Maidman Street—the address given as Weinig's in the statement of affairs of Attelson's separate estate is not in the writing of either bankrupt—I think it is in their clerk's writing—I examined Weinig before the Registrar—I cannot say that I asked him as to this £175, but he was asked as to the whole transaction—Leary's timber was bought for £117 on June 2nd—it was sold on August 28th for cash £139—I say that this was not disposing of the wood in the ordinary way of trade, as it was sold to a man who did not deal in walnut—the money was received by Attelson, who did not pay it to the firm's account—the timber bought from Mr. Moss for £180 was disposed of in the way of trade, but was sold to Mr. Griew, and supposed to be paid for by a contra account—the bankrupts' ledger shows a purchase of timber by Mr. Griew on November 29th, 1898, to the amount of £250 1s. 11d.—there is also an entry in the book to show that he had paid to the bankrupt £60, and another of £50, with no date; another cheque, £41 6s., no date; another £40, no date—these together total £191 6s.—they are all entered before December 2nd—I cannot say that there is any entry except the item of £250 for mahogany for which those smaller sums could have been in pay
<lb/>ment—the account is balanced just above those entries—the debtors stated that they had drawn to this extent from Mr. Griew as against this. mahogany which they had sold to him—I then find there is an entry as to mahogany returned—there is no date to that—it is between an entry of December 29th and one of April 14th, 1899—it appears from the account that on July 31st, when this walnut of Moss's was handed to Griew, that these people were owing him considerably more than £1981, but the entries in the books are of such a nature that I cannot say they are correct—the entry of the disposal of the timber to Mr. Griew for £74 6s. is perfectly accurate—up to the entry of May 25th last I have nothing to say—the entry in respect of the item £136 10s. is, I believe, correct, and represents the actual transaction between these people and Griew—the entry as to the £190 18s. 8d. for the sale of Moss's walnut to Griew is correct according to the day book—it is not properly placed in the account—it ought to be put before August 28th—with reference to the entry £34 3s. 3d., I believe that this is correct according to the books—if the four items on the other side of the account, amounting to £191 6s., were paid by Griew to these people, they are properly entered, subject to the want of dates, but I doubt if they were paid—without dates I cannot trace them—I admit the item for £7 5s. 3d., entered on December 2nd—I cannot trace the item on December 29th for £30; it is correctly entered there if it was paid—I have not been able to trace the next cheque for £50—the five bills for £140 15s. 8d., entered on April 14th, have not been paid—Mr. Griew has not met them—the next item, £16 19s. 2d., has not been paid—with reference to the item £74 6s., if the timber had been sold to Mr. Griew the entry would be correct but</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230015"/>
<p>misleading—it was apparently an entry between Griew on contra accounts; not with the firm, but with Attelson privately—the item for £139 6s., Leary's mahogany, is not right—they did not get that amount, but £139 16s. 2d.—the cash and discount should have been entered in two separate items—if these transactions took place with Griew, they were properly entered, but I do not think they did—I cannot trace them through any of the books—I have traced them in the cash accounts filed by the debtors, but the cash account is made up from the ledger, but they ought first to appear in the cash book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The entry in the ledger as to item £190 18s. 8d. for Moss's wood, dated July 31st, appears here after an entry of August 28th, £139 6s. 10d., which is in respect of a sale of Leary's wood—if that was a genuine entry, I should not expect it to appear a month late—the reason I give for saying that the disposal of Leary's wood was out of the ordi
<lb/>nary way of trading is, that at a meeting of their creditors, on August 15th, the debtors had produced a statement showing that they were insolvent; the property was not theirs to deal with—I pointed out to them that on August 22nd, when I made an investigation of their books, the creditors would wind up the estate in bankruptcy, and that they must not deal with any property in any way whatever—I told both of the debtors that—I had included Leary's wood among the assets—I was then at the docks—they told me that if the composition was accepted they would sell their assets to pay it—I did not report in favour of the composition—I wrote the second letter to Weinig on November 29th—the examination was on December 7th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-107" type="surname" value="GRIEW"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-107" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC GRIEW</persName> </hi>. I am a cabinet-maker—I buy timber for the purpose of my business—I am Greenberg's brother-in-law—I have assisted these people in their business from time to time—I have sometimes advanced them money not strictly due—I have also lent them money—I remember Leary's oak transaction; I do not remember the date—I saw both prisoners—they said, "We have a parcel of oak we want to sell you," and that they had made a proposition of so much in the £ and the trustee had told them to go and find the money—they asked me to buy the oak for cash; I said that I would do my best—I gave them a cheque for £135 17s. 2d.; with discount that would make £139 6s. 10d.—I paid them the cheque on August 31st—I produce the cheque signed by my firm—I remember Moss's transaction at the end of 1898—I agreed to buy a lot of mahogany for £250—I eventually got them to take that mahogany back, as it would not suit my purpose—between the time of my buying the mahogany and their taking it back I advanced them money—I have not any books in which these entries appear—I let them have bills for £60, £50 and £60, and two cheques, one for £45, and another the amount of which I do not remember—I have not my pass books here—I saw their books, and found the account correct—I produced my banker's pass book to the trustee—I advanced nearly £200 before I bought the walnut—down to the end of July last the bankrupts paid me per contra account by this parcel of walnut—they paid me in money before I got the walnut—I had had a number of transactions with them which had been settled—at this time about £200 remained owing—at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230016"/>
<p>the end of July I pressed for my money, but I did not take proceedings; they, however, sold me the parcel of walnut as a contra account—the price at which I took over the timber was £190—I employ about 50 men in my works—I am constantly buying timber of all sorts—I do not deal with Leary, but I do with Moss—I generally buy timber in large quantities; I buy cargoes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not deal in walnut as a rule, but I am making some walnut furniture now—when I bought this walnut from the prisoners I did not know they were in difficulties—Greenberg is my brother-in:law—I knew the prisoners could not pay me money—when I was examined before the Registrar in the Bankruptcy Court I might have said that I did not press for the money, that is, I did not sue them, but I asked them for the money—I knew if the prisoners had had money, I should have been paid, so I took this wal
<lb/>nut instead—although they owed me £200, I had no account thereof in the books—I produced my pass book at the Bankruptcy Court—I can prove there were entries of cheques paid for money lent—I think the trustee has seen the pass book once or twice—it is now at the London and South-Western Bank—I know the difference between a crossed cheque and an open one—I sometimes paid the prisoners in crossed cheques, and sometimes open ones—this cheque, £130, was a rather large amount; I do not remember whether I was asked to leave it open—something was said about their having to pay dock charges—I had a receipt for the £135—it has been produced once, and I daresay I can find it, but I did not know I was to be called as a witness—Mr. Bourner has seen the receipt—I know Mr. Weinig is here to-day, but I never saw him before—I am no scholar—I cannot tell when I gave the defendants the bill for £50, but it was about 18 months ago—the bill for £60 would be a bit longer than that—I produced all the bills I had; some of them were for timber, and amongst them were bills for money due to me—I had a notice at the Bankruptcy Court to produce these bills, and I swear I produced the bills for £50 and £60—all my bills and books are at my place in Hoxton Square—I say they owe me certain money now, because I had to give the walnut up, and I have to pay to the trustee the price of the oak—the Court has ordered me to pay £139 and £190—I say that the estate owes me about £250—in August last year, after the walnut transaction, the prisoners owed me about £200—I knew there was a meeting of creditors, but I did not go, as I thought I had got all I should be likely to get.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had no doubt that on July 31st the prisoners were owing me about £200—it is true that I got this timber from them by an arrangement that it should be set off against the debt—that was a real transaction—I will find my books now, but it will take half an hour to do so—(
<hi rend="italic">The witness fetched his books</hi>)—I have brought the receipt for £139 6s. 10d., a statement which was sent in by Messes. Greenberg & Attelson, and a receipt for £190 18s. 9d., which is entered as paid by contra account—this is the bill for £60, for moneys advanced to the prisoners prior to having the mahogany—the date of the bill is February 28th, due July 31st, 1898, and accepted, payable at the London and South-Western Bank, Shoreditch Branch—here is the cheque for £50 that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230017"/>
<p>I spoke of—I have a statement before me which I received from Green
<lb/>berg & Attelson—I cannot remember when I got that, but it was before the prisoner's bankruptcy—the prisoners gave me credit in the statement before me for the bills for £60, £50, the cheque £41 6s., and the cheque £40, making £191 6s.—one of them was a customer's cheque—they had the money for the bill of February 28th, 1898, which expired on July 31st.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-108" type="surname" value="ATTELSON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-108" type="given" value="DEBORAH"/>DEBORAH ATTELSON</persName> </hi>. I was married on June 20th, 1899—my wedding was celebrated in King's Hall, Commercial Road—a good deal of money was spent upon the wedding—I had four dresses—I did not pay for them—a friend of my father's, Mr. Weinig, bought them for me—I remember Mr. Weinig coming to see my husband one evening—he asked my hus
<lb/>band for money, as he was being pressed for money for the expenses of the wedding—he also said that his wife was confined, and he must have the money—my husband then paid Weinig about £175 in gold, and got this receipt, "Received from A. A. £175 in payment for goods supplied for wedding purposes"—that was signed in my presence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It is not usual for a husband to provide the expenses of the wedding, nor for the bride's dresses—my father is a furrier, and is comfortably off—I believe my husband took £3 per week when he was married—Mr. Weinig paid for my dress; my husband told him to get everything necessary, and he would pay him afterwards—my father had given my husband the money previously—when Weinig came for the money I had been married seven or eight weeks—up to that time nobody had been paid the expenses of the wedding, for which credit had been given to about £200—I do not remember Mr. Weinig showing my hus
<lb/>band receipts for money paid, but he would have no need to show them to me—my husband paid Mr. Weinig £175 in gold, which he took from a paper bag in his pocket—he counted the money on the table, and then Mr. Weinig counted it—nobody else but we three were present.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Before I was married my father gave my husband money for the expenses of the wedding—I was living with father at the time in Commercial Road—a dinner, supper, and tea was given at the hall, and about 60 couples sat down—Mr. Weinig was the contractor, and he ordered the waiters, cooks, etc.—the food was cooked in the hall.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-109" type="surname" value="WEINIG"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-109" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS WEINIG</persName> </hi>. I am a furrier—I know Mrs. Attelson's father, who is also a furrier—my trade has its seasons, and I do other things when there is no season—I undertake such things as weddings—when I heard that Mr. Attelson was to be married I went up to his intended father-in-law, Louis Girdler, and begged for an introduction to his intended son-in-law, so that I could have the job of the wedding—that was about June 20th, about four weeks before I took the job—the furrier trade is slack in the summer, until after the August Bank Holiday—the arrangement I made with Mr. Attelson was that I should provide everything necessary for the wedding, including refreshments for 100 couples, also cabs and carriages, one suit of clothes for the bridegroom, and four dresses for the bride—that was all to be provided for £200—the festivity took place at the King's Hall, Commercial Road, on June 20th, and it was well done—there was breakfast, dinner, and supper, after which there was a ball, and I engaged musicians—I did this all on credit with people I knew—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230018"/>
<p>knew the steward at the King's Hall—I bought the food and engaged waiters and cooks—the King's Hall is a place for weddings and parties, and there is a kitchen and dining-room—I called on Mr. Attelson a fort
<lb/>night after this for payment, when he said, "I shall pay later on"; and I called again about three weeks later, and said that I was pressed for the money; I said I would not leave without it—he said, "If you must have the money I will give you £175," and he still owes me £25—this is the receipt, dated August 31st; it was produced when I was examined at the Bankruptcy Court—my correct address is 29, Maidman Street, Burdett Road, Mile End—I have never lived at Maplin Street or Caplin Street—I do not know any such street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. Attelson knew my address—when Attelson gave me this job he asked where I lived, and he wrote it down on paper, and on the agreement he gave me—he knew my address before he trusted me with the £200 job—I try to make up my earnings to about £150 a year—I knew most of the people from whom I got credit—the wedding cost me about £167, and I should have made £33 if I had been paid £25, the balance—the people who gave me credit were tradespeople who had known me for years—I have lived at my present address two years—I got the carriages from a man named Abraham Levy, who has got a yard in Petticoat Lane, now called Middlesex Street—the dinner, tea, and supper I did not order from one contractor, I got the wines and spirits from Mr. Shiffleblatt, whose address I could find—I provided for 100 couples, but I cannot say how many came—I kept account on a piece of paper, which I destroyed after I had done with the job—when I went to Mr. Attelson for money I did not give him any notice of my coming—he happened to have the money at his place in a paper bag—that was on August 31st—I counted the money—there was none left in my bag, but I do not know about his—I went round and paid all the people to whom I owed money—I had bits of paper with their names upon them—I have no receipts—I paid about 12 people, but I had paid for the hall beforehand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mr. Attelson had no interest in the details of the pay
<lb/>ments—he had to pay me £200—I produce the written contract between him and myself—it was alsoproduced at the Bankruptcy Court at the private examination on December 20th—the contract is dated April 24th, 1899, and is upon Greenberg & Attelson's note paper(
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—Mr. Attelson's clerk wrote it—I think his name is Honeywell—I showed Mr. Friedman, the tailor, this letter before it was produced at the Bankruptcy Court—that was when I ordered a suit of clothes of him about the beginning of June—I had it in my possession before the wedding—when I was examined by the trustee I said that I got the horses and carriages from Mr. Abrahams, but his full name is Abraham Levy—the confectionery came mostly from people in the lane—I have done catering before this, but not for weddings—I have no bill or account for the largest amount, £38—I had an invoice at the time, but when the job was over I did not take any care of it—when Mr. Attelson paid me this £175 he said he did not want his wife to know all his business—she was at home, sitting by the window—I do not know whether she heard what was going on.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-110" type="surname" value="HONEYWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-110" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HONEYWELL</persName> </hi>. I was clerk to Messrs. Greenberg &</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230019"/>
<p>Attelson—I remember Mr. Attelson being married on June 20th—I was with him as clerk until the petition was filed—I wrote out this letter before he married—I wrote out the letter on April 24th, but I do not remember seeing it signed—the statement of affairs was written out at the Bankruptcy Court from Mr. Attelson's verbal instructions—the other statement of affairs was made out by me previous to that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I wrote the statement of affairs at Mr. Attelson's dictation—I do not remember whether Mr. Weinig was there—I have never back-dated anything for the prisoners—the date on the contract would be the date it was written—if I had not seen the contract now I could not swear as to the date.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19000723-478-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-478-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-478-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the fourth Count.—</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-478-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-478-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-478-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-478-19000723 t19000723-478-punishment-23"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-478-19000723 t19000723-478-punishment-23"/>Four Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1900.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Bigham.</hi> </p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">For cases tried this day see Kent and Surrey Cases</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1900.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-479">
<interp inst="t19000723-479" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-479" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-479-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-479-19000723 t19000723-479-offence-1 t19000723-479-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-479-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-479-19000723 t19000723-479-offence-1 t19000723-479-verdict-1"/>
<p>479.
<persName id="def1-479-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-479-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-479-19000723" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-479-19000723" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="def1-479-19000723" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY FROST</hi> (17)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-479-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-479-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-479-19000723" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-479-19000723" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="def2-479-19000723" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN KELLY</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-479-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-479-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-479-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19000723-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-113" type="surname" value="CRAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-113" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-113" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-479-offence-1 t19000723-name-113"/>Nicholas Crawley</persName> and stealing 9d., his money.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-114" type="surname" value="CRAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-114" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>NICHOLAS CRAWLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 4, Lonsley Street, Com
<lb/>mercial Street—on July 5th, at 12.30 a.m., I was going home—I had had some drink, but I had my senses about me, and as I turned the corner of Thrawl Street a
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> knocked me down, and others rifled my pockets—I had changed a shilling just before, and had the change—I felt hands going into my pockets—a detective got off a tram and took them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Kelly.</hi> I believe I recognise you, but I said before the Magistrate that I was too far gone in liquor to recognise anyone.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-115" type="surname" value="BROGDEN"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-115" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BROGDEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H).</hi> On July 5th, in the early morning, I was on a tram in Commercial Street, Spitalfields, and saw the two prisoners following Crawley—Kelly signalled to Frost—I got down and followed them into Thrawl Street—Kelly crossed to the other side and then came across the road, and met Crawley, and Frost seized him behind—Kelly took him by the throat—I went up; he tried to escape, and said he would put my b——y light out—a crowd came up—I did not hear Frost speak.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Kelly, in his defence on oath, said that when Brogden seized him he struggled, as he knew nothing about it.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Frost produced a written defence stating that Brogden knocked him down and put his knee in his stomach, but that he knew nothing about the robbery.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-479-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-479-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-479-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">They then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to previous convictions at Clerkenwell, Frost on February 22nd, 1899, and Kelly on May 13th, 1898.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230020"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Two other convictions were proved against Frost and four against Kelly.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FROST</hi>
<rs id="t19000723-479-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-479-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-479-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-479-19000723 t19000723-479-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KELLY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-479-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-479-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-479-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-479-19000723 t19000723-479-punishment-25"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-480">
<interp inst="t19000723-480" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-480" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-480-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-480-19000723 t19000723-480-offence-1 t19000723-480-verdict-1"/>
<p>480.
<persName id="def1-480-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-480-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-480-19000723" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-480-19000723" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-480-19000723" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY MORRIS</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-480-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-480-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-480-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19000723-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-117" type="surname" value="LAZARUS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-117" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-480-offence-1 t19000723-name-117"/>Lewis Lazarus</persName>, and stealing a scarf-pin, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">There being no corroboration of the prosecutor's evidence,</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COHEN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, withdrew from the case, upon the prisoner</hi>
<rs id="t19000723-480-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-480-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-480-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADING GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the assault only</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t19000723-480-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-480-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-480-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-480-19000723 t19000723-480-punishment-26"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-481">
<interp inst="t19000723-481" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-481" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-481-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-481-19000723 t19000723-481-offence-1 t19000723-481-verdict-1"/>
<p>481.
<persName id="def1-481-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-481-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-481-19000723" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-481-19000723" type="surname" value="ROCHFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-481-19000723" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS ROCHFORD</hi> </persName> (62),
<rs id="t19000723-481-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-481-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-481-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19000723-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-119" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-119" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-119" type="occupation" value="ship's boatswain"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-481-offence-1 t19000723-name-119"/>William Wilson</persName>, and stealing a purse and £12 10s. from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COHEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-120" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-120" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am boatswain of a sailing ship—on June 5th, at 9.30 p.m., I was at the bottom of Leman Street—I had just come out of a urinal—I had two £5 notes and £2 10s. in gold—I was hustled by three or four men—one of them hit me—I caught hold of him and kept him, and the prisoner rushed up and took my money—I have known him for years, and had seen him that day—I informed the police, and picked him out that night, and charged him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I met you at 7 o'clock that night, and asked you to drink—I did not come out of the urinal and say that I had lost my money; I saw you take it—it was not dark.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I had just come ashore, and had been paid off that day—I took the bag out while I was with the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-121" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-121" type="surname" value="WENSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-121" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK WENSLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant H).</hi> On June 26th, at 2 a.m., I arrested the prisoner at a lodging-house in Shadwell—he said, "I don't know anything about it; I was not there"—he was placed with 10 others and identified by Wilson—when the charge was read over he pointed to a man named Conan, and said, "He wasnot there"—I found on him £1 10s. in gold—I know him—I saw him that day within 150 yards of where the robbery took place.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw Conan following you—you went down Back Church Lane, and he down Cable Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Stoney was arrested, and the prosecutor identified him, but said he had some doubt, and the Magistrate discharged him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-122" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-122" type="given" value="CHARLEY"/>CHARLEY SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant, H).</hi> I arrested Conan—he was discharged—I know the prisoner, and was present when he was arrested.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence:</hi> I had not seen the prosecutor for years, but was very intimate with him some years previously; he asked me to have a drink, and then he went into a urinal; I waited for him, and he came out and said, "I have lost my money"; It is very strange that I should rob a man whom I had known for years.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19000723-481-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-481-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-481-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the robbery.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">—He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-481-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-481-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-481-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-481-19000723 t19000723-481-punishment-27"/>to a conviction at Clerkenwell on September 21st, 1897. Nine other convictions were proved against him.—Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-482">
<interp inst="t19000723-482" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-482" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-482-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-482-19000723 t19000723-482-offence-1 t19000723-482-verdict-1"/>
<p>482.
<persName id="def1-482-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-482-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-482-19000723" type="surname" value="REGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-482-19000723" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES REGAN</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t19000723-482-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-482-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-482-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19000723-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-124" type="surname" value="AVERY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-124" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-124" type="occupation" value="sail-maker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-482-offence-1 t19000723-name-124"/>William Avery</persName>, and stealing 6s. 7d., his money.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230021"/>
<p>HENRY TAYLOR (109
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). I live at Amoy Place, Poplar—on June 23rd, about 6.45 p.m., I was sitting at my window and saw the prisoner arm-in-arm with a sailor, who was very drunk—I put on my hat and followed them—the prisoner tried to entice the sailor into a urinal, and he struck him on the chest and fell on him, and put his hand in his pocket—I rushed up to him and said, "What game is this?"—he said, "He is my friend; get up, Jack"—he made no answer to the charge—he had 8s. 6 1/2 d. in various pockets.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I was about 20 yards from you—you struck the man, and he fell, and you dropped down on your knees on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-125" type="surname" value="AVERY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-125" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM AVERY</persName> </hi>. I am a sail maker—on July 28th I had the change for a sovereign in my possession—I met the prisoner, and remember him knocking me down and trying to rob me—he gave me a punch on my chest and took all the money out of my pocket—a policeman came up—I was taken in charge for being drunk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We had not been drinking together for two hours—we did not walk arm-in-arm together—I had borrowed a sovereign from a sailor that day, but he was not in your company.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, stated, on oath, that he was walking with the prosecutor, who said, "Can you lend me 2s.?" and that he had the money in hit hand to do so, when the policeman came up, and that it was not true that the prosecutor was down on the ground.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-482-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-482-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-482-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at the Thames Police-court on December</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st,</hi> 1899,
<hi rend="italic">and several other convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t19000723-482-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-482-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-482-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-482-19000723 t19000723-482-punishment-28"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-483">
<interp inst="t19000723-483" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-483" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-483-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-483-19000723 t19000723-483-offence-1 t19000723-483-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-483-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-483-19000723 t19000723-483-offence-1 t19000723-483-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-483-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-483-19000723 t19000723-483-offence-1 t19000723-483-verdict-1"/>
<p>483.
<persName id="def1-483-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-483-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-483-19000723" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-483-19000723" type="surname" value="CORRICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-483-19000723" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT CORRICK</hi> (40)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-483-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-483-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-483-19000723" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def2-483-19000723" type="surname" value="RYAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-483-19000723" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT RYAN</hi> (37)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-483-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-483-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-483-19000723" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def3-483-19000723" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="def3-483-19000723" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE NICHOLLS</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-483-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-483-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-483-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t19000723-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-129" type="surname" value="MUNN"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-129" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-129" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-483-offence-1 t19000723-name-129"/>John Munn</persName>, and stealing a watch and chain and £4, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MORTIMER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CORRICK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RYAN</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-130" type="surname" value="MUNN"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-130" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MUNN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk—on July 7th I was at the corner of the Hampstead Road—Corrick and Ryan came up and spoke to me, and a third man, whom I have a doubt about—they said that they were lonely, and I treated them—I had had a little drink, but was not intoxicated—one man put his hands in my pockets and took my money; the other two ran away, and one ran against some scaffolding poles—two men came up, whom I subsequently found were detectives, and I told them—I lost my watch and chain and handkerchief, and £4 in gold.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. I was not at work; it was Saturday—I had been at home all day, and left home at 8 o'clock and went to the Free Library, Holborn, till 10 o'clock, and then went to a public-house and had something to drink, as I had had nothing since I left home—it was then getting on for 11 o'clock—I then went to another house, where I had some stout and mild, and then waited for an omnibus—I was not intoxicated—I last looked at my watch shortly before 12 o'clock—I have lived in London all my life—these men invited me into a ham and beef shop, but I paid for the ham and beef—I went to three public-houses, but</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230022"/>
<p>three half-pints was all I had—I was not in drink—nobody else had spoken to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-131" type="surname" value="SEYMOUR"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SEYMOUR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). I saw Munn about midnight at the junction of the Euston and Hampstead Roads—he was with the three prisoners—he seemed in drink—I kept observation; Ryan entered a ham and beef shop with him, and the other two stood on each side of a pillar, and afterwards entered the shop—they all four left—Corrick handed some food outside to Nicholls, and they all partook of it—they stopped and had an altercation—Munn seemed anxious to go north, but Ryan laid hold of his arm—they put their hands in front of him and took him round the east side of Tolmers Square, against a pole—Nicholls was in front of him—shortly after that they stooped down, and Nicholls rushed off—they then struck him, and he fell—I ran and stopped Ryan, and said, "I shall take you back to the man you have just knocked down"—I took them back to Munn, who said, "Are you police officers really?"—I said, "Yes"—he said, "Well, these men have treated me very badly; they have taken my watch and chain and money"—Ryan said, "Come on, Frank"—I took them to the station, got a lamp, and found some silver—on the Monday morning I saw Nicholls with a woman outside Marlborough Street Police Court—Munn identified him, and I said, "I am going to arrest you for stealing on Saturday night"—he said, "All right, you need not make a fuss"—I took him into the Court, and he was charged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Munn was very excited—I did not see him staggering—I saw no watch taken—Corrick had 1s. 8d. on him, and Ryan 1d.—no watch or chain was found—the silver found was a sixpence and 3 1/2 d.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-132" type="surname" value="NURSEY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-132" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD NURSEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Inspector).</hi> I was with Seymour, and saw Munn with the three prisoners—I identify them—I arrested Corrick—he said, "What does this mean; you have taken a liberty with me"—I knew Nicholls before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Munn had apparently been drinking—I watched him because I doubted their intention—I saw their hands in front of him—he was able to take care of himself if he had been left to himself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Nicholls, in his defence, stated, on oath, that he went home with his wife at 11.30, and did not go out again till the Sunday morning; that his wife had been assaulted, and he went to the Police-court with her on the Monday, and was taken in custody, and would not have gone there if he was guilty; that he never saw Ryan in his life till he was placed in a cell with him; and that he was not placed with other men to be picked out.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Nicholls' defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. NICHOLLS</hi>. I went to the King's Arms on this Saturday night at 11.30 in time to get a pint of beer, and my husband gave me 8s.—he did not go out again that night—he got up at 4 o'clock to get some articles to sell—I went to get a summons on the Monday, but had not got sufficient money—Seymour took my husband, and said it was for highway robbery on Saturday night, and I said, "You were not out."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">R. NURSEY</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I first saw Munn and the three men just about closing time—Nicholls lives just about 60 yards from this square—I have known him three or four years by sight—I had him under obser
<lb/>vation three-quarters of an hour, and recognised him—I knew his name—I saw him at the Court on the Monday.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230023"/>
<p>
<rs id="t19000723-483-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-483-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-483-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of robbery only</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic"> They then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to previous convic
<lb/>tions at Clerkenwell; Corrick in February, 1899, Ryan on December</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1899,
<hi rend="italic">and Nicholls on February</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1891.
<hi rend="italic">Several other convictions were proved against each prisoner.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CORRICK</hi>
<rs id="t19000723-483-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-483-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-483-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-483-19000723 t19000723-483-punishment-29"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RYAN</hi>
<rs id="t19000723-483-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-483-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-483-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-483-19000723 t19000723-483-punishment-30"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NICHOLLS</hi>
<rs id="t19000723-483-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-483-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-483-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-483-19000723 t19000723-483-punishment-31"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-484">
<interp inst="t19000723-484" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-484" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-484-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-484-19000723 t19000723-484-offence-1 t19000723-484-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-484-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-484-19000723 t19000723-484-offence-1 t19000723-484-verdict-1"/>
<p>484.
<persName id="def1-484-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-484-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-484-19000723" type="surname" value="GLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-484-19000723" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GLEN</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-484-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-484-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-484-19000723" type="surname" value="REGAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-484-19000723" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM REGAN</hi> </persName>.
<rs id="t19000723-484-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-484-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-484-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>Robbery with violence with other persons unknown on
<persName id="t19000723-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-135" type="surname" value="CARRICK"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-135" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-135" type="occupation" value="foreman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-484-offence-1 t19000723-name-135"/>William Carrick</persName>, and stealing £1 18s. 6d., his money.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-136" type="surname" value="CARRICK"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-136" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CARRICK</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Tapping & Co.—on July 13th, at 11.15 p.m. I went into the Dock House public-house, and met the pri
<lb/>soner Glen—I asked him to have a drink—he said, "I will walk up the road with you"—we walked to the Recreation Tavern, and had a drink—he introduced Regan there—I went outside 15 yards, and Glen caught hold of my arm, and said, "You have got a pocketful of money; give me 2s."—I said, "I have got no 2s."—he struck me a violent blow on my mouth, and they took my money—Regan hit me on my shoulder—I pointed out Glen to a policeman, and next day I picked Regan out at the Police-station from twelve others.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Glen.</hi> I treated the two men in the Recreation Tavern whom you introduced, and Regan was one—I left you there with them, and you came after me, and asked me for my money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. I did not mention Regan the first time I was examined before the Magistrate, but I did to the police-man—Regan did not take my money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-137" type="surname" value="RYMER"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-137" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES RYMER</persName> </hi> (543
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). The prosecutor drew my attention to Glen—I walked up to him very sharp and told him the charge—he said, "I do not know anything about it; I had a drink with him"—I took him to the station—Carrick was sober—his mouth was bleeding, and his trousers pocket was torn—Glen was sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. I know Regan as the foreman at Mr Cridge's—I have never seen the prisoners together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-138" type="surname" value="WREN"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-138" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WREN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, K</hi>). I arrested Regan on July 14th at Brunswick Street, Poplar—I told him it was for robbing a man named Carrick—he said, "I will go quietly; I do not often get into trouble like this"—he was put with 12 others, and said, "I have never been charged with anything like that before."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. He has been convicted before of assault—when he gets drunk he gets into trouble—he said, "I do not often get into trouble like this," not "for a job like this."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Glen's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I had been drinking with him, and left him with my two friends and went away."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Glen, in his defence, stated on oath that Regan was a perfect stranger to him; that Carrick was mistaken, in saying that he introduced him; and that as he was going home the policeman stopped him, and Carrick accused him of robbing him.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Regan, in his defence, stated on oath that he had been a stevedore 30 years, and had never been charged with dishonesty or locked up, except twice for assaults, and had never seen Glen before; that he came out of the</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230024"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Recreation Tavern and saw a row going on, but took no part in it; that Arthur Smith and John McCarthy spoke to him about the row before he was arrested; and after he was sent for trial McCarthy sent a statement to his solicitor.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Regan.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-139" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-139" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a ship's fireman, of 18, Brunswick Street—on this Friday night I was near the Recreation Tavern, and saw a dis
<lb/>turbance outside—I saw Regan coming from the Recreation Tavern, while it was going on—he took no part in it—I walked with him to the corner of Eton Street, where he lives—he never left me from the time he left the tavern till he got to the corner—I only know Glen by sight.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The spot where I saw Regan was about 12 yards from the public-house door—the crowd was not between the public-house and where I saw him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I saw him actually leave the tavern at the time the dis
<lb/>turbance was going on, and he took no part in it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-140" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-140" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MCCARTHY</persName> </hi>. I am a stevedore, of 2, Cordelia Street—I have known Regan two years—I do not know Glen, and never saw them together—I went to the John Bull, Last Street, on this night with my cousin; we crossed the road and came to the Recreation Tavern—two men were fighting, and I stood looking at them—I saw Regan looking on; he took no part in it—another man spoke to a constable, who arrested him—I cannot say whether that was Glen—I wished Regan good-night; and last Saturday I heard that he was arrested for this affair; and he said, "Will you come and be a witness for me?"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know what Regan had been doing before I went up, or whether he remained after I left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">received an excellent character.</hi>
<rs id="t19000723-484-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-484-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-484-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">GLEN</hi>
<rs id="t19000723-484-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-484-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-484-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of simple robbery.—</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-484-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-484-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-484-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-484-19000723 t19000723-484-punishment-32"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1900.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Bigham.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-485">
<interp inst="t19000723-485" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-485" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-485-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-485-19000723 t19000723-485-offence-1 t19000723-485-verdict-1"/>
<p>485.
<persName id="def1-485-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-485-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-485-19000723" type="surname" value="PARKES"/>
<interp inst="def1-485-19000723" type="given" value="EDWARD WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WILLIAM PARKES</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19000723-485-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-485-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-485-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-485-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-485-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Unlawfully converting to his own use £100 entrusted to him as agent;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t19000723-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-142" type="surname" value="TAVELLI"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-142" type="given" value="EMILIO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-485-offence-1 t19000723-name-142"/>Emilio Tavelli</persName> a cheque for £150, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. AVORY, BODKIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LE MAISTRE</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner withdrew his plea, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">upon which the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found a verdict of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-485-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-485-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-485-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He had been sentenced in</hi> 1888
<hi rend="italic">at this Court to seven years' penal servitude for a similar offence
<rs id="t19000723-485-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-485-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-485-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-485-19000723 t19000723-485-punishment-33"/>.—Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-486">
<interp inst="t19000723-486" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-486" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-486-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-486-19000723 t19000723-486-offence-1 t19000723-486-verdict-1"/>
<p>486.
<persName id="def1-486-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-486-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-486-19000723" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-486-19000723" type="surname" value="HANSEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-486-19000723" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWIN HANSEN</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-486-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-486-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-486-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t19000723-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-144" type="surname" value="EGBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-144" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-486-offence-1 t19000723-name-144"/>Francis Egbert</persName>, with intent to murder him.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count:</hi> With intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CAMPBELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FITCH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-145" type="surname" value="EGBERT"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-145" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS EGBERT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant, 8 H</hi>). At 1.40 a.m. on June 28th I was with Sandle in Leman Street, Whitechapel—Great Prescott Street runs</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230025"/>
<p>into Leman Street—I saw the prisoner, with a man and woman, having an altercation in a foreign language—I requested them to go away, which they did—the prisoner seemed very reluctant to go, and his friends took him away—they went down Leman Street—we waited a second or two, and then went in the same direction—they were in sight part of the time—Sandell went with me to the extremity of his beat, to the bottom of Leman Street, and I went up Cable Street—after I had gone about 30 yards I saw the prisoner and his friends standing still—the woman had her back to me—the prisoner was just behind—I endeav
<lb/>oured to pass them when the prisoner raised his right arm over the woman's left shoulder—I stepped back and was struck by some instrument on the left side of my face—I had not spoken to them—I was dazed from the effects of the blow and went down on my knees; then I shouted out to the other constable—I did not see the prisoner again till a week after
<lb/>wards at the police-station—I was taken to the London Hospital where I remained till the Sunday—this occurred on Thursday morning—I am still on the sick list—my left eye is paralysed and the jaw is affected—I cannot chew.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Sandell and I did not go over to the people—we did not hand a hat to the man who was with the prisoner—we did not strike the other man—the prisoner did not say, "What are you doing that for"—I did not say, "You go on, you German b——"—neither Sandell or I knocked the prisoner's hat off, or pushed him down—he had some marks on him at the station—a week afterwards one of his eyes was blacked—I do not know how he got it—he had not got it when I saw him in Leman Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not see him arrested.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-146" type="surname" value="SANDELL"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-146" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS SANDELL</persName> </hi> (261
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On the early morning of June 28th I was on duty in Leman Street—I saw Egbert at the corner, and also the prisoner and another man with a woman having an altercation—Egbert and I crossed the road towards them and he asked them to go away—the prisoner seemed very reluctant to go, but they all went down Leman Street—nobody knocked his cap off or struck him—we went down Leman Street after they had gone—that was the proper way to work my beat—Egbert went on along Cable Street—the party of three were about 30 or 40 yards along Cable Street—just as Egbert was passing them the prisoner struck at him—he fell down and then shouted out, "Sandell, he has stabbed me"—the prisoner ran away—I blew my whistle and gave chose down Shorter Street—after the prisoner was taken into custody I went back and found this knife (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—he was caught in Wellclose Square by Butler—the prisoner was very violent—he was struggling with Sergeant Studley, and I saw Studley strike him on the head with his truncheon—I did not see anybody else strike him—I did not strike him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Butler did not strike him in my presence—Studley only struck him once on the head—I saw the prisoner at the Police-court next morning—his face was bruised, and his eyes blacked—I don't know how he got that—neither Egbert nor I struck him—I did not see the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230026"/>
<p>prisoner's hat on the ground in Cable Street—I heard him speak about his hat at the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-147" type="surname" value="STUDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-147" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM STUDLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant 11 H</hi>). On the early morning of June 28th I was on duty at the bottom of Leman Street—I saw the prisoner there with another man and a woman—I saw Egbert leave the constable at the corner of Cable Street, and pass the three people—as he passed them the prisoner struck at him—his helmet fell off, and he fell to the ground—the prisoner ran away—I gave chase—as I passed Egbert I saw he was bleeding from a wound in the side of the face—the prisoner ran into a square, where we caught him—he was handed over to me by Butler, and we took him to the station; he was very violent, and I drew my truncheon and struck him, and knocked him down—he was per
<lb/>fectly sober—I did not see him struck by anybody before he struck Egbert—I did not see anybody else strike him after his arrest.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see Butler strike him—I do not think Egbert had a conversation as he passed the three people—I did not see any hat on the ground—the prisoner did not make any complaint of having been assaulted—I saw him sign a statement.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not see Sandle attempt to strike the prisoner—if he had I could have seen him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-148" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-148" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BUTLER</persName> </hi> (19
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I was in Wellclose Square on this night—I saw the prisoner run across the square—he mounted some iron railings, and got into some square gardens—I ran to the spot where he got over, and caught him—he made an attempt to strike me with his fist—I did not know whether he had a knife or not, and I hit him with my truncheon on the head three times—I did not see him till I saw him running away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He made no complaint of having been struck—I went to the station with him—he made a statement—I saw him sign it, and heard the inspector read it to him—he made no complaint after we had taken him into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-149" type="surname" value="HURLEY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-149" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HURLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector H</hi>). The prisoner made a statement at the station. (
<hi rend="italic">This being read, stated that the policeman struck him several times.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cautioned the prisoner, but he insisted on making the statement.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JONES</hi>. I am Divisional Surgeon of Police—the prosecutor had an incised wound about 1 in. in front of his left ear, about 2 in. long and 1/2 in. deep—it was dangerous at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, on oath, said that the officer knocked him about a great deal, and he lost his temper, and struck him with a knife, which he took from his pocket.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-150" type="surname" value="STRAHL"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-150" type="given" value="WILLIE"/>WILLIE STRAHL</persName> </hi>. I am a jeweller, of 51, Leman Street, Whitechapel—on the morning of June 28th I was with the prisoner and Lilie Roder in Leman Street—we were standing talking in German—two policemen came up, and one of them kicked me, and my hat fell down—the prisoner asked him what he did it for, but he only struck him in the face—we went up Cable Street, and the police hit, him again and kicked him—the prisoner lost his cap, and asked the policeman where it was—the policeman</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230027"/>
<p>struck him again—he could not stand any more, and he struck the police-man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not know that the prisoner was arrested—I did not see him jump over any railings—I went away.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19000723-486-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-486-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-486-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding under great provocation.—</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-486-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-486-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-486-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-486-19000723 t19000723-486-punishment-34"/>One Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-487">
<interp inst="t19000723-487" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-487" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-487-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-487-19000723 t19000723-487-offence-1 t19000723-487-verdict-1"/>
<p>487.
<persName id="def1-487-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-487-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-487-19000723" type="surname" value="CARR"/>
<interp inst="def1-487-19000723" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY CARR</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t19000723-487-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-487-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-487-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, for the manslaughter of
<persName id="t19000723-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-152" type="surname" value="SYRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-152" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-487-offence-1 t19000723-name-152"/>Henry Syrett</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. O'CONNOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-153" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-153" type="surname" value="SYRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-153" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>AMELIA SYRETT</persName> </hi>. I live at 22, Carr Street, and am the widow of the deceased—he lived there with me—on Wednesday, June 6th, I was at my door when my husband came home about midnight—it was the anniversary of our wedding—we had been married 19 years—on the Sunday before, the prisoner had knocked at our door late at night—when my husband came home he said he should like to know why the deceased had knocked at our door, and he went to Carr's door and knocked twice—my husband came half of the way back when the prisoner came out and said, "Did you Want me,
<hi rend="italic">Bill?"</hi>—my husband said, "Yes, what did you come and knock at my door for on Sunday last?" and he tapped him on the arm—Carr said, "Don't you shove me, old boy"—he had not been shoved—Carr said, "Do you want to fight?"—my husband said, "Yes"—Carr said, "Come on, then," and he began to spar, and before my husband had a chance, he hit him once on the throat and once on the eye, and down he went—he stayed down about five minutes insensible; I thought he was dead—we got him into the house to bed—he would not go to the hospital, but he went on the following Monday—I think he died on June 18th—the prisoner called on me on the Sunday night before the death of my husband, while he was in bed, and said, "How is your husband?"—I thought he had come to apologise—I said, "Very bad"—he said, "Is not he dead yet?"—I said, "No"—he said, "Then fetch him out; I mean killing him, and getting my own back"—they had never had a quarrel—my husband was drunk; if he had been sober he would never have gone to Carr's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-154" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-154" type="given" value="HENRY THOMAS"/>HENRY THOMAS PRICE</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 31, Carr Street—about 12.15 a.m. on June 6th I was standing at the corner of Marone Street, near where the prisoner lives—I saw the deceased knocking at the prisoner's door with the knocker—he knocked four times, I think—the prisoner came out, and the deceased said, "I have come to know what you have been knocking at my door for, in the middle of the night"—the prisoner did not say anything at first—then he said, "I came to ask you to chastise the girl whom you have there"—he said the girl had been saying wicked things against his wife—the deceased said, "What have you been striking at my door for?" and the prisoner struck him on the left eye and the jaw; there was no sparring at all—I did not hear Carr say, "Do you want to fights?" or the deceased say "Yes," or Carr say, "Come on, then"—the deceased tried to hit the prisoner after he had been hit the first time, but the prisoner knocked him flat on his back—I said to the prisoner, "You ought to he ashamed of yourself; you see how he is"—he was drunk—we helped deceased up.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230028"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-155" type="surname" value="PRYOR"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-155" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PRYOR</persName> </hi>. About 12.45 a.m. on June 6th I was standing at my door—I saw the deceased go to the prisoner's door, which is next to mine—the prisoner came out, and the deceased struck him in the chest—there was no challenge to fight, except on the deceased's part, who said he was waiting for him; I do not know what for.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-156" type="surname" value="NOTT"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-156" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM NOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). I arrested the prisoner on June 18th, the day the deceased died; but before the deceased died, in consequence of a statement made by Mrs. Syrett, I told him I should arrest him for assaulting Henry Syrett on June 6th—he replied, "Yes, that is quite right; I have been expecting you for two or three days; he came to my door and knocked; I opened it, and he struck me, and I struck him, and he fell; I had a child dying at the time"—he made no reply in answer to the charge at the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-157" type="surname" value="GOLDBY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-157" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GOLDBY</persName> </hi>. I was Assistant Medical Superintendent at Bromley Asylum—on June 13th the deceased was brought to the hospital—he pre
<lb/>sented symptoms of injury to the brain; the only external sign was an abrasion to the back of the head, which might have been occasioned by a fall or a blow—he was admitted on June 12th, and died on the 18th—he should have been attended to before—I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination, and found the skull was fractured for about 4 in. at a part corresponding to the external part; that caused bleeding to the brain, which caused death—I attribute the death to the fracture of the skull—it might have been caused by his falling on the pavement—it is doubtful if he had been attended to earlier whether it would have made any difference to his condition—he was not conscious the whole time he was with us—it is probable that he had been conscious, because the day before his death he be
<lb/>came suddenly worse—he was a very healthy man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, on oath, said that he went to his door to see what the deceased wanted, who said he wanted to fight; that the deceased hit him in the chest, and he shoved him; that he did not mean to injure him; that lie hit him again, and he (the prisoner) shoved him again, and he went down on the kerb.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t19000723-487-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-487-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-487-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1900.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">For the case of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH HOLLAND</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">tried this day, see Essex Cases.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1900.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-488">
<interp inst="t19000723-488" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-488" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-488-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-488-19000723 t19000723-488-offence-1 t19000723-488-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-488-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-488-19000723 t19000723-488-offence-1 t19000723-488-verdict-1"/>
<p>488.
<persName id="def1-488-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-488-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-488-19000723" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-488-19000723" type="surname" value="ZICKEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-488-19000723" type="given" value="ADOLPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADOLPH ZICKEL</hi> (47)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-488-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-488-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-488-19000723" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-488-19000723" type="surname" value="MOLINSKI"/>
<interp inst="def2-488-19000723" type="given" value="ADOLPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADOLPH MOLINSKI</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t19000723-488-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-488-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-488-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t19000723-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-160" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-160" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-160" type="occupation" value="wholesale manufacturing furrier"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-488-offence-1 t19000723-name-160"/>Lewis Abrahams</persName> and
<persName id="t19000723-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-161" type="surname" value="FRIEDBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-161" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-161" type="occupation" value="wholesale manufacturing furrier"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-488-offence-1 t19000723-name-161"/>Morris Friedberg</persName>, and stealing 10 double and 30 single sable necklets and other property.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts:</hi> Receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Zickel, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for molinski.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-162" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-162" type="given" value="ARTHUR LEWIS"/>ARTHUR LEWIS LEVY</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Abrahams & Fried
<lb/>berg, wholesale manufacturing furriers, 4, Golden Lane—on the ground floor is the counting-house and cashier's office, the first floor the stock-room,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230029"/>
<p>where the best furs are kept; the second floor is the skin-room, and in the third and fourth floors the manufacturing of the skins is done—there are keys to the outer and to the stock-room door—I keep one bunch of keys, the other is kept by Mr. Friedberg, the junior partner—on Saturday, June 2nd, the Saturday before Bank Holiday, Mr. Abrahams and I and one or two others left together about 2.30 p.m.—I locked up the inner and outer doors, and was the last to leave—I came again between 9 and 10 a.m. on June 5th—I found the outer door secure, and unlocked it—on the ground floor the office was broken open, the desk wrenched open, and the door of the first floor open—I sent for a constable, and went with him into the basement—I missed some skins from the skin-room—stock has since been taken—we found that skins worth £2,600 had been taken between Saturday and Tuesday, June 2nd and 5th, and the most valuable of the furs were picked out, which would require a person of experience in the fur trade to judge of—Isaac, the brother of Lewis Abrahams, stores furs of his own in the basement—he arrived on the Saturday between 10 and 10.30, and stopped till 12, when he went out with Thresher, the cashier, to lunch—I saw him come back—he stopped till I closed the premises, about 3.30.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. I was not at the Police-court—I was first spoken to about this case after the first or second hearing at Guildhall—more than 500 articles were taken—all the inside doors were forced.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-163" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-163" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS ABRAHAMS</persName> </hi>. I am the partner of Mr. Friedberg as wholesale manufacturing furriers—we have a warehouse at 4, Golden Lane—on leaving on June 2nd the place was properly locked up—on returning the following Tuesday I found doors had been forced and stock taken from the stock-room, value about £2,600—the best furs had been selected, which would require experience—I had a communication sent to the police—in consequence of what they said I gave instructions to my brother Isaac—I went to Molinski's house on the Tuesday, Wed
<lb/>nesday and Thursday—I heard something on June 20th or 22nd, and went with Sergeant Bacon to Blackburn on Friday, June 22nd, and saw Mr. Worswick, a draper, there with Bacon and the Superintendent of Police at Blackburn—the interview was not satisfactory, and I saw him the fol
<lb/>lowing Monday, June 25th—I called a second time on the Saturday after
<lb/>noon, and picked out one sable necklet and five solitaires as my property—I was with Bacon and the Superintendent—during the conversation Bacon went out and got a search warrant—then Worswick produced other furs—I identified the 30 single and 10 double furs produced—their cost price is about £144—I should want £170 for them from a shopkeeper, wholesale—my brother Isaac stores a bag or two of pieces at my ware
<lb/>house—he was there on June 2nd—I saw him from about 10.30 till he went out to lunch, and afterwards till 1.50, when the warehouse was closed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. This is a list of the articles stolen (
<hi rend="italic">Pro
<lb/>duced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. Isaac keeps pieces in the front part of the basement—he used to have a key when he was in my employment—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230030"/>
<p>only way to it is through the warehouse—the
<hi rend="italic">stuff</hi> was stolen from the four different floors—there was no mark of violence on the outside door.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-164" type="surname" value="BACON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-164" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL BACON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). Sergeant Dowse and I had charge of this case—I went with Mr. Abrahams to Blackburn—in consequence of what Mr. Worswick stated I sent a telegram to London to have the prisoners arrested—I made a suggestion, in consequence of which I had a conversation with Isaac Abrahams, who went to Molinski's place of busi
<lb/>ness on the Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, by my advice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-165" type="surname" value="WORSWICK"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-165" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS WORSWICK</persName> </hi>. I am a draper, of 12, 14, and 16, King William Street, Blackburn—I have known the prisoner Zickel about five years—I last saw him with Molinski—they came into my shop together on June 6th—Zickel said, "I met a man in Manchester, and he said, 'We have some nice stuff'"—I said, "What are they?"—he said, "Sables"—I said, "I am not buying" but he asked me to go through them—he showed me some sable necklets in a brown paper parcel tied with string—when the parcel was undone I went through them—I pointed out that they were not so saleable with us, especially with the sable tails, and we should sell them better with the natural boa tails—he asked 65s. for the double, and 45s. 6d. for the single necklets—ultimately I offered 30s. for the double, and 25s. for the single necklets—after a conversation with the other prisoner he accepted—I wrote a cheque at his request to "Solmon," which he spelt for me—Solmon is Molinski—at his request, I endorsed the cheque, as he said he could not write—Molinski took the cheque, and they went out together—I said, "Our bank is just round the corner; I will send my errand boy with you where the bank is; I suppose you have come for cash, and want cash"—they came back, and Zickel said, "Mr. Worswick, I want 5 percent, com
<lb/>mission"—I said, "What are you talking about?"—he asked for £2 12s. 6d.—in the end I gave him 26s. 3d.—I got no bill and no receipt—afterwards a search warrant was obtained by Bacon, and these necklets were identified by Abrahams and another man, and taken away by the police.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. I have done business with Zickel for five years as a fur merchant—I did not understand that Solmon was the man from Manchester—I paid Zickel 2 1/2 percent. on £52 10s.—I understood that they were Zickel's goods, and not that he was an agent—I never had an invoice nor a receipt from Zickel, except the cheque.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. The cheque was paid in gold—it is so marked—I had paid Zickel five previous cheques—some were crossed—this one is endorsed "London Trading Bk., Ld."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-166" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-166" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC ABRAHAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a fur dealer, of 240, Richmond Road, Dalston—Lewis Abrahams is my brother—I keep my furs in the basement of his warehouse at 4, Golden Lane—on the Tuesday after Bank Holiday, in consequence of what my brother said, I went to Molinski's place of busi
<lb/>ness between 1 and 2 p.m.—the place was locked—I went next day, Wednesday, June 6th—the place was locked—I went again on Thurs
<lb/>day, the 7th, and asked him where he had been—he said he had been away for his holiday somewhere near Littlehampton—I asked him if he had heard of the robbery—he said, "My brother Bert has just been here, and told me about it"—Bert was employed by the prosecutors' firm before</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230031"/>
<p>the robbery—I went back to my brother—I saw Sergeant Bacon—I told them about the conversation—Molinski was employed by my brother some years ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. I have known Molinski about five years—I have done business with him up to February or March last—I used to call on him nearly every year—I took goods from him—I did not take him a parcel of 40 necklets on June 2nd to sell at Manchester and Blackburn for me—Miss Hughes is employed by Molinski—I know his landlady—I did not give Molinski 50s. to pay expenses—he did not hand me £52 10s. on the Thursday—I did not give him £5 commission for selling the things—I heard Friedberg ask Bert Molinski if he knew anything of the robbery.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was at the warehouse on the Saturday with my brother and Friedberg from about 10.30 till 2.30, when my brother left—I went out with Thresher, the cashier, to lunch—Molinski's place of busi
<lb/>ness ness is in Bridgewater Square, two or three minutes' walk from Golden Lane—he works on furs for others, and is known in the trade as a chamber master.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-167" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-167" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS ABRAHAMS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Molinski was employed by my firm about four years ago for two or three months as a chamber master—I would not identify the furs till I called in the man who made them up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-168" type="surname" value="FRIEDBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-168" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>MORRIS FRIEDBERG</persName> </hi>. I am in partnership with Lewis Abrahams—I was a party to the instructions given to Isaac to find Molinski—I identified the furs as mine.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. Bert Molinski was employed by us—I did not speak to him in the office about the robbery—I told him to meet me at Old Street Station—that was before Molinski was in custody—I questioned Bert about the robbery, as I did all my work-people—I did not say, "All I want you to do is to open your mouth, and if you do you will have £50, and your brother £50; I know you are not a rich fellow"—we went into a public-house in Old Street—I always treat my people—I asked him if he knew anything about the key, because he often handled my keys—I was with Dowse when Molinski was arrested—I know Jacob, the dresser, of 64, Nelson Street, Talbot Street, Commercial Street—he came to see me in reply to my telegram of June 5th—I took him into the basement and asked him, "What is Molinski doing?"—he said, "Molinski is a wrong '
<hi rend="italic">un;</hi> he has done nothing for the past few years"—I did not offer him £100 to tell me if he knew anything about the robbery—money was not mentioned—I did not say I would give Molinski £500—Jacob said if I dare go to Molinaki's place he would stick a knife in me—I sent him another telegram on June 27th—he called upon me for work occasionally—he did not say in the presence of a boy called Thomas and my man Levy, "What do you mean by sending a telegram to make me say this man knows something about the robbery, when I know nothing about the robbery?"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did my best to find out who it was, and questioned my work-people—I offered no bribe to say that Molinski robbed me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-169" type="surname" value="THRESHER"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-169" type="given" value="HARRY GEORGE"/>HARRY GEORGE THRESHER</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to the prosecutors—I saw Isaac Abrahams on the premises at 11 a.m.—shortly after I went to the bank—he was there when I came back—I went to lunch with him at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230032"/>
<p>only way to it is through the warehouse—the
<hi rend="italic">stuff</hi> was stolen from the four different floors—there was no mark of violence on the outside door.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-170" type="surname" value="BACON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-170" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL BACON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). Sergeant Dowse and I had charge of this case—I went with Mr. Abrahams to Blackburn—in consequence of what Mr. Worswick stated I sent a telegram to London to have the prisoners arrested—I made a suggestion, in consequence of which I had a conversation with Isaac Abrahams, who went to Molinski's place of busi
<lb/>ness on the Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, by my advice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-171" type="surname" value="WORSWICK"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-171" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS WORSWICK</persName> </hi>. I am a draper, of 12, 14, and 16, King William Street, Blackburn—I have known the prisoner Zickel about five years—I last saw him with Molinski—they came into my shop together on June 6th—Zickel said, "I met a man in Manchester, and he said, 'We have some nice stuff'"—I said, "What are they?"—he said, "Sables"—I said, "I am not buying" but he asked me to go through them—he showed me some sable necklets in a brown paper parcel tied with string—when the parcel was undone I went through them—I pointed out that they were not so saleable with us, especially with the sable tails, and we should sell them better with the natural boa tails—he asked 65s. for the double, and 45s. 6d. for the single necklets—ultimately I offered 30s. for the double, and 25s. for the single necklets—after a conversation with the other prisoner he accepted—I wrote a cheque at his request to "Solmon," which he spelt for me—Solmon is Molinski—at his request, I endorsed the cheque, as he said he could not write—Molinski took the cheque, and they went out together—I said, "Our bank is just round the corner; I will send my errand boy with you where the bank is; I suppose you have come for cash, and want cash"—they came back, and Zickel said, "Mr. Worswick, I want 5 percent, com
<lb/>mission"—I said, "What are you talking about?"—he asked for £2 12s. 6d.—in the end I gave him 26s. 3d.—I got no bill and no receipt—afterwards a search warrant was obtained by Bacon, and these necklets were identified by Abrahams and another man, and taken away by the police.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. I have done business with Zickel for five years as a fur merchant—I did not understand that Solmon was the man from Manchester—I paid Zickel 2 1/2 per cent. on £52 10s.—I understood that they were Zickel's goods, and not that he was an agent—I never had an invoice nor a receipt from Zickel, except the cheque.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. The cheque was paid in gold—it is so marked—I had paid Zickel five previous cheques—some were crossed—this one is endorsed "London Trading Bk., Ld."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-172" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-172" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC ABRAHAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a fur dealer, of 240, Richmond Road, Dalston—Lewis Abrahams is my brother—I keep my furs in the basement of his warehouse at 4, Golden Lane—on the Tuesday after Bank Holiday, in consequence of what my brother said, I went to Molinski's place of busi
<lb/>ness between 1 and 2 p.m.—the place was locked—I went next day, Wednesday, June 6th—the place was locked—I went again on Thurs
<lb/>day, the 7th, and asked him where he had been—he said he had been away for his holiday somewhere near. Littlehampton—I asked him if he had heard of the robbery—he said, "My brother Bert has just been here, and told me about it"—Bert was employed by the prosecutors' firm before</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230033"/>
<p>the robbery—I went back to my brother—I saw Sergeant Bacon—I told them about the conversation—Molinski was employed by my brother some years ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. I have known Molinski about five years—I have done business with him up to February or March last—I used to call on him nearly every year—I took goods from him—I did not take him a parcel of 40 necklets on June 2nd to sell at Manchester and Blackburn for me—Miss Hughes is employed by Molinski—I know his landlady—I did not give Molinski 50s. to pay expenses—he did not hand me £52 10s. on the Thursday—I did not give him £5 commission for selling the things—I heard Friedberg ask Bert Molinski if he knew anything of the robbery.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was at the warehouse on the Saturday with my brother and Friedberg from about 10.30 till 2.30, when my brother left—I went out with Thresher, the cashier, to lunch—Molinski's place of busi
<lb/>ness ness is in Bridgewater Square, two or three minutes' walk from Golden Lane—he works on furs for others, and is known in the trade as a chamber master.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-173" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-173" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS ABRAHAMS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Molinski was employed by my firm about four years ago for two or three months as a chamber master—I would not identify the furs till I called in the man who made them up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-174" type="surname" value="FRIEDBERG"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-174" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>MORRIS FRIEDBERG</persName> </hi>. I am in partnership with Lewis Abrahams—I was a party to the instructions given to Isaac to find Molinski—I identified the furs as mine.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. Bert Molinski was employed by us—I did not speak to him in the office about the robbery—I told him to meet me at Old Street Station—that was before Molinski was in custody—I questioned Bert about the robbery, as I did all my work-people—I did not say, "All I want you to do is to open your mouth, and if you do you will have £50, and your brother £50; I know you are not a rich fellow"—we went into a public-house in Old Street—I always treat my people—I asked him if he knew anything about the key, because he often handled my keys—I was with Dowse when Molinski was arrested—I know Jacob, the dresser, of 64, Nelson Street, Talbot Street, Commercial Street—he came to see me in reply to my telegram of June 5th—I took him into the basement and asked him, "What is Molinski doing?"—he said, "Molinski is a wrong '
<hi rend="italic">un;</hi> he has done nothing for the past few years"—I did not offer him £100 to tell me if he knew anything about the robbery—money was not mentioned—I did not say I would give Molinski £500—Jacob said if I dare go to Molinski's place he would stick a knife in me—I sent him another telegram on June 27th—he called upon me for work occasionally—he did not say in the presence of a boy called Thomas and my man Levy, "What do you mean by sending a telegram to make me say this man knows something about the robbery, when I know nothing about the robbery?"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did my best to find out who it was, and questioned my work-people—I offered no bribe to say that Molinski robbed me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-175" type="surname" value="THRESHER"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-175" type="given" value="HARRY GEORGE"/>HARRY GEORGE THRESHER</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to the prosecutors—I saw Isaac Abrahams on the premises at 11 a.m.—shortly after I went to the bank—he was there when I came back—I went to lunch with him at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230034"/>
<p>12.15—we returned to the premises, and he was there till the premises were closed, about 2.30, when we left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. Isaac was only standing about the place, passing his time—I was first spoken to about the robbery about a month afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-176" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-176" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DAVIES</persName> </hi>. I am parcel clerk at the Left Luggage Office of the North Western Railway, Manchester—I live at Stockport—on June 5th I joined the train at 5.40, and arrived at Manchester at 5.50—it was timed to leave London at midnight—I know Zickel as Zickel from his coming frequently to the Left Luggage Office at the London Road for three or four years—I saw him in a third class compartment with Molinski—Zickel sat with his face to the engine, and Molinski opposite—I got into the next compartment—I saw Zickel come out of the compartment as I passed it at the London Road station of the North Western Railway at Manchester, to go to the Left Luggage Office to resume my duties—both came to the office immediately—Zickel said that he wanted to leave a bundle—he said to Molinski, "Book this in your name," and it was booked in the name of Slowman—he also left his coat in the name of Zickel—the bundle was taken out about two hours later, about 7.30 or 8 a.m.—the coat was taken out the following day by the day porter—I identified Molinski before the hearing at Guildhall.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-177" type="surname" value="SHEFFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-177" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SHEFFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Wheatsheaf Hotel, High Street, Manchester—on Tuesday, June 5th, at about 7.30 a.m., the prisoners engaged a stock-room to show their goods for sale—they went away and returned with a canvas bag—they asked if I could get a hand-cart and man—I said not at that time in the morning, but they could get a cab, and they hired a cab—I assisted to take the canvas bag upstairs in the stock-room—it remained till 4 or 5 p.m.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-178" type="surname" value="BRETT"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-178" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BRETT</persName> </hi>. I was head boots at the White Bear, Manchester, on June 5th—the prisoners came about 9.30 a.m.—I knew Zickel—he said "Good morning," and I asked him if he wanted a stock-room—he said "No," and that his friend had one at the Wheatsheaf which he could use—when they booked two bedrooms Zickel gave his friend's name as Slowman—Zickel has had a stock-room occasionally—he left a parcel with me on Tuesday morning to take care of till he returned—it was 2 1/2 ft. long, soft, and tied in brown paper with string—I knew he dealt in furs—when I came at 9.30 on Wednesday morning they had gone.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. I made no note—I am trusting to memory—our stock-rooms have been turned into drinking-rooms.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-179" type="surname" value="BURGESS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-179" type="given" value="THOMAS ROBINSON"/>THOMAS ROBINSON BURGESS</persName> </hi>. I am a mantle manufacturer at Union Street, Church Street, Manchester—on Tuesday, June 5th, I met Zickel in Manchester—I had known him some time—he asked me to come and see a lot of stuff that another man had, belonging to a man about to fail, and I could have a bargain, but if I bought I must give him 5 percent, on the price paid—I made an appointment, and about 10 a.m. I went to the Wheatsheaf Hotel—I was shown some furs in a stock-room by the prisoners, some sable and martin necklets and muffs—they offered one lot of sable muffs at 40s., and another at 25s.—they appeared to be of good quality, and numbered between 80 and 100—I did not buy because Zickel said they were not his goods—I thought they were considerably</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230035"/>
<p>below present prices—I am a manufacturer of mantles, but I buy furs, and retail them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. I have dealt with Zickel five or six years—he has borne a good character—he has always sold to me as principal, and has given me an invoice and a receipt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-180" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-180" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WATSON</persName> </hi>. I Live at 24, Bachold Mount, Manchester—I know Zickel—I saw him on June 5th at the White Bear Hotel—I took for him a large canvas bag and parcel from the Wheatsheaf Hotel to Victoria Station for Blackburn—I left them in No. 5 platform cloak
<lb/>room, and took a ticket in the name of Slowman—Zickel told me another man was with him—Zickel or the other man gave me 1s.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. I had been employed by Zickel before—I have known him about five years as Zickel—this was about 5 o'clock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-181" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-181" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the arrival cloak-room at Euston—on June 6th, between 8.30 p.m. and 11 p.m., I took in a canvas bundle deposited there in the name of Zickel—one end exposed fur tails—it was taken away the next day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-182" type="surname" value="DOWSE"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-182" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DOWSE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On June 26th, with two officers and Friedberg I went to No. 9, Philpot Street, Commercial Road—I said to Zickel, "We are police officers, and are making some inquiries respecting a quantity of furs stolen from No. 4, Golden Lane, between June 2nd and 5th"—he said, "All right, come in; you won't find them here"—we searched the rooms and found nothing relating to the charge—I said that from inquiries I had made and information received he and another man named Slowman had been disposing of goods in Manchester and Black
<lb/>burn he said, "That you will have to prove"—he was taken to Moor Lane Police-station and detained—the same afternoon I went, to 5, Bridgewater Street, Bridgewater Square, Barbican, where Molinski occupies a front room on the first floor at 5s. or 6s. a week—I said, "Is your name Molinski?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "A gentleman wishes to speak to you downstairs"—he came down, and Mr. Friedberg said, "I will give this man into custody"—I accompanied him upstairs to the first floor again and told him that inquiries had been made, and I had reason to believe the goods had been stolen from 4, Golden Lane, between June 2nd and 5th—he appeared upset, and had a knife with an open blade—I called assistance—he appeared to be coming
<hi rend="italic">for me</hi>—I said, "Put your coat on"—he said, "Not me"—he was taken to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. I said before the Magistrate that Zickel said, "No; you can search my place"—I took no note.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. Molinski was working at the board with the knife—he looked seriously at me—I have seen Bert Molinski during my inquiries—we did not have a conversation about his having the keys—Miss Hughes called on me a few days after the arrest—she said she had been away on a holiday—she made a statement to me in the presence of other officers about June 30th—it was taken down and signed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Zickel, in his defence, on oath, said that he met Molinski, whom he knew, at Manchester on his journey to sell muffs, etc., and at his request sold his stuff, not knowing that it was stolen. He received a good character</hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230036"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Molinski, in his defence, on oath, said that Isaac Abrahams asked him to dispose of the goods for him, which he did for £52 10s.; this he handed to Isaac in gold, and received £5 commission and 50s. expenses; and as he was only a chamber master, to prevent his being discharged, he gave the name of Slowman on depositing the goods.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-183" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-183" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-183" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>MINNIE HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I live at 32, Old Road, Rotherhithe—I am a fur machinist, employed by Molinski—I have known Isaac Abrahams for some time—on Saturday, June 2nd, he came to Molinski's place between 12 and 1 with goods in a brown paper parcel, which he asked Molinski to sell for him in Manchester—the parcel was opened, and I saw 30 single sable necklets and 10 double collarettes—Molinski said, "I can
<lb/>not go; I have no money"—Isaac said, "I will give you 50
<hi rend="italic">bob</hi>"—I saw 50s. pass—I next saw Molinski the following Thursday, when I over
<lb/>heard Isaac ask him how he had enjoyed his holiday—he said, "Pretty fair," and then passed Isaac a lot of gold—Isaac said, "Hero is £5 for your trouble"—they spoke a few words in their own language, and Isaac went away—I went for a holiday on Tuesday, June 26th, and returned on Friday, June 29th—I have not been to business since, because Molinski was taken away—Mrs. Molinski told me the charge—I went to Hollo
<lb/>way, and then to the Police-station, and made a statement, which I signed, and handed to the officer in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been in Molinski's employment over four years—he told me not to come back to work till the Thursday—on the Thursday Isaac came and asked Molinski if he had heard of the robbery—Molinski said, "Yes; my brother has just been up and told me"—I did not count the necklets, but I heard the number mentioned, and some of the conversation, and saw the goods.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-184" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-184" type="surname" value="BUDGING"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-184" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BUDGING</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, of 5, Bridgewater Street, Barbican—I let my front room, first floor, to Molinski—he has been there about three years, and a-half—on Saturday, June 2nd, Isaac Abrahams came between 12 and 1 o'clock—he had a paper parcel in my passage as I was coming up the kitchen stairs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I remember June 2nd because I had a lady friend, and I can easily remember Bank Holiday—I have seen Isaac before, but not often.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence in Reply.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-185" type="surname" value="BURGESS"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-185" type="given" value="THOMAS ROBINSON"/>THOMAS ROBINSON BURGESS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I have no doubt I saw sable muffs in the stock-room, and necklets, but no Persian lamb muffs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-186" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-186" type="given" value="ARTHUR LEWIS"/>ARTHUR LEWIS LEVY</persName> </hi>. We have recovered some of the goods—between 80 and 90 sable muffs were missing—some muffs have been recovered on another charge from Fishman—the goods were safe when we left the premises on Saturday, June 2nd—I covered them up about 2.20 p.m.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t19000723-488-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-488-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-488-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of receiving.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ZICKEL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-488-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-488-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-488-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-488-19000723 t19000723-488-punishment-35"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour</rs>. Two convictions of burglary and assault were proved against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOLINSKI</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t19000723-488-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-488-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-488-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-488-19000723 t19000723-488-punishment-36"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Friday, July</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1900.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Bigham.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t19000723-489">
<interp inst="t19000723-489" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/19000723"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-489" type="date" value="19000723"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t19000723-489-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-489-19000723 t19000723-489-offence-1 t19000723-489-verdict-1"/>
<p>489.
<persName id="def1-489-19000723" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-489-19000723" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-489-19000723" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-489-19000723" type="surname" value="IRWIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-489-19000723" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JAMES IRWIN</hi> (61)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t19000723-489-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t19000723-489-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-489-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t19000723-name-188" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-188" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-188" type="surname" value="IRWIN"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-188" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t19000723-489-offence-1 t19000723-name-188"/>Catherine Irwin</persName>.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230037"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. AVORY, BODKIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STEWARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-189" type="surname" value="IRWIN"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-189" type="given" value="EDGAR WILLIAM"/>EDGAR WILLIAM IRWIN</persName> </hi>. I live at 13, All Saints Road, Westbourne Park, and am the prisoner's son by his first wife, who died in 1887—there were six other children besides myself—my father married the deceased on September 11th, 1888; she was then 35—I think my father is 59 now—there were four children by the second marriage—last June my father told me that the deceased had left him and the baby, who was seven weeks old—he was living at 50, Blenheim Street, Chelsea, with the children of the second marriage—he said he did not know where his wife was—I was assisting my father with money in June; I paid part of the rent—about August, last year, my father went into Chelsea, Infirmary, and from what I have been told he remained there till December—when he came out I heard that he went to work for Mr. Scott, a cooper, in Rotherhithe Street—I have seen him about six or seven times since December, and I have assisted him with money—the last time I saw him was on June 21st, 1900; he asked for a few coppers—I did not give him any—he did not say if he was at work then.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I saw him on June 20th he told me that the three other children were on his hands—I was living with him when he married the deceased, and lived with him about two years—they appeared to live happily—I did not know a man named Sexton—in June, 1899, any father told me his wife had run away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-190" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-190" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-190" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA POWELL</persName> </hi>. I live at 26, Beyal Road, Fulham, with my mother—about April 19th the deceased came to lodge there in the name of Irwin—she stayed there a month—the prisoner called twice—I knew him as Mr. Irwin—he saw his wife—Mr. Sexton came to see her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Before the deceased came, Sexton came and engaged the room for her, and paid a week's rent in advance—he said he was an old friend of her husband—when he visited her, mother used to let him go into the sitting-room—when her husband came he would not come in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Sexton never stayed all night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-191" type="surname" value="SEXTON"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-191" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SEXTON</persName> </hi>. I am gate-keeper at the Royal Hospital at Chelsea—I made the acquaintance of the prisoner and his wife in 1897—they were living at 50, Blenheim Street, Chelsea, and from that time till the deceased left her husband, I visited the house—I was on good terms with them both—two months after she left her husband I heard of it—I had no communication with her till two months after she left—then she wrote me a letter—the prisoner came and asked me time after time where his wife was—I found out that she was working at Whiteley's, where she lived—from there she went to some lodgings at Claybrooke Road, Ham
<lb/>mersmith—I visited her there three or four times—I knew she bad a child in April, 1900, at Queen Charlotte's Hospital, after which she went to live at 26, Beyal Road, Fulham—I got the room for her—I visited her there—while she was there I saw the prisoner in Hammersmith, but I did not speak to him—he did not see me—I wrote this letter to the deceased while she was at the Lying-in Hospital—(
<hi rend="italic">This stated that was sorry that she had been taken so short, but hoped it would be tlie last time;</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="190007230038"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">that he hoped that she would be satisfied now that she had got a girl; that she had better go back to live with her husband till she was perfectly free, for as long as he lived they (the deceased and Sexton) could not be happy together; that he had no intention of giving her up, and he would always be her; that if she were free he would have made a home for her, and that he wanted to see her before she went to live with her husband again</hi>)—I had not had connection with her, I respected her too much—after she went to Beyal Road, she got a situation at Peter Robinson's, and went to live at Great Titchfield Street at a house which is kept for the employees at Peter Robinson's—on June 20th, at 8.30 p.m., I met the prisoner and his wife outside the Middlesex Hospital, spoke to them and shook hands with them—the deceased said to me, "I must leave you now, Jack, to do some shopping"—she left, her husband—I saw her go into the house in Great. Titchfield Street—I waited for her for 20 minutes—she came out, and I was in her company till 11.30 p.m.—her husband left us, and we went to do some shopping, and then we went for a walk till 11.30—at that time we went back to the home—we saw the prisoner standing at the top of Great Titchfield Street—he said to her, "Millie, I want to speak to you for a minute"—they walked away for a few yards—I did not hear what they said—they parted, and I saw them shake hands—they were together two or three minutes—she left her husband—he went away, and I saw her into her house—I did not see any more of the prisoner—I went down the road to overtake him, but could not see him—on the following day I got a tele
<lb/>gram from the hospital—the prisoner had never made any objection to my acqualintance with his wife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My hours at Chelsea Hospital were from 6 a.m. till 2 p.m.—I knew the prisoner did not come home till 8.30 p.m.—I visited her once or twice—in 1898 I helped them with their rent—I knew they were living apart from April or May, 1899—I only took the room in Beyal Road for the deceased—I think I took it in the name of Mrs. Bailey—I did not know where the prisoner was working; I did not try to find out—I was friendly with him, and am now—I do not know if any other person was visiting the deceased between April, 1899, and April, 1900—there were no immoral relations between us—I do not know whose the baby was—her husband used to visit her—I swear it was not mine—if the deceased had been free from the prisoner I should have married her—she told me she wanted a girl baby—I do not know where her relations are—when she died I took possession of her trinkets—I handed them over to the Coroner's Court—I said that I was a friend.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The deceased wished me to take possession of her trinkets—it was a mistake that she was described as my sister.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-192" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-192" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-192" type="given" value="EMILY AUGUSTA"/>EMILY AUGUSTA WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I live at 18, Great Titchfield Street, and am an assistant at Peter Robinson's—the deceased was an assistant there, where she was known as Mrs. Bailey—she slept in the same quarters in Great Titchfield Street—she had been there for about six weeks—she left the house every morning about 8 a.m.—I used to sleep in the same room as the prisoner, and we walked to our work together occasionally—on Friday morning, June 22nd, we started together about 8.10—we went in</p>
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<p>the direction of Margaret Street—she spoke to me, and the prisoner came up—I had never seen him before—he took hold of her arm, and asked if he could speak to her for a minute—she said she could not stop—I do not think she wanted to speak to him—he said, "I must speak to you for a minute"—she said, "I cannot stay this morning"—she was walking along while this was being said, and the prisoner was moving by her side—I moved aside, and she ran forward two or three yards the prisoner ranafter her, overtook her, and caught hold of her—I cannot say what part he caught hold of—he seemed to be striking her—she turned round the nextsecond, stabbed—he had a knife in his hand—shegave a little scream and I saw blood coming from her right shoulder—the prisoner was hold
<lb/>ing his right hand up before she was stabbed—she sank down—some
<lb/>body seized the prisoner, and a constable came up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Before the prisoner spoke to the deceased she said to me, "Here is some person whom I do not wish to speak to."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-193" type="surname" value="ROACH"/>
<interp inst="t19000723-name-193" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ROACH</persName> </hi>. On June 22nd, about 8 a.m., I was walking along Titchfield Street, and saw the last witness and the deceased pass me, after which I saw the prisoner walking a little way behind them—the two ladies overtook and passed me on my left, and the prisoner on my right—he went up to deceased and said, "
<hi rend="italic">Liz</hi>" (I think that was the name), "I want to speak to you"—she took no notice; then he took hold of her arm as though to pull her towards him, but she threw him off; he then put his hand into his right hand pocket, pulled it out, and appeared to punch her in the chest—I thought it cowardly, and I hurried up to take her part, and as the prisoner raised his hand again, as though to strike her, I saw a knife in his hand—I seized him by the throat, the knife fell out of his hand, and somebody picked it up and handed it to me; I after
<lb/>wards gave it to a policeman who came up—as I seized the prisoner I said to him, "You scoundrel to stab a woman like that!"—he said, "Oh, you don't know"—I held him till a constable came and took him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t19000723-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t19000723-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/> <