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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>MOORE, MAYOR.</p>
<p>TENTH SESSION, HELD JULY 24TH, 1899.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>ALEXANDER BUCKLER,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ., Q.C.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS AND SONS, LIMITED, 119, CHANCERY LANE,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, July 21th, 1899, and follotving days,</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN VOCE MOORE</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">KNT</hi>.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD RIDLBY</hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE F. FAUDEL PHILLIPS</hi>, Bart., G.C.I.E., one of the Aldermen of the said City; the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-1" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-1" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-2" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-2" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-3" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-3" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK GREEN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-4" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS VEZY STRONG</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS BOON CROSBY</hi>, Esq, M.D., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., Q.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-5" type="surname" value="ALLISTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-5" type="given" value="FREDERICK PRAT"/>FREDERICK PRAT ALLISTON</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman</p>
<p>Lieut.-Col.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-6" type="surname" value="PROBYN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-6" type="given" value="CLIFFORD"/>CLIFFORD PROBYN</persName> </hi>, J.P.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-7" type="surname" value="MATON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-7" type="given" value="LEONARD JAMES"/>LEONARD JAMES MATON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLARENCE RICHARD HALSE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOORE, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> 1899.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p> 494.
<persName id="def1-494-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-494-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-494-18990724" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-494-18990724" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-494-18990724" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WOOD</hi> (32)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-494-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-494-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-494-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990724-494-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-494-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-494-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing a ring, a brooch, and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t18990724-name-9" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-9" type="surname" value="BRIDGER"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-9" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-494-offence-1 t18990724-name-9"/>Charles Bridger</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-494-18990724 t18990724-494-punishment-1"/>Discharged on Recognizances.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<p>495.
<persName id="def1-495-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-495-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-495-18990724" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-495-18990724" type="surname" value="SANSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-495-18990724" type="given" value="HERBERT FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERBERT FRANK SANSON</hi> (43)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-495-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-495-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-495-18990724" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def2-495-18990724" type="surname" value="BALM"/>
<interp inst="def2-495-18990724" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BALM</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">otherwise</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-495-18990724 t18990724-alias-1"/>HARRIS</rs> </hi> </persName>(48)
<rs id="t18990724-495-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-495-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-495-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully conspiring to obtain 5s. by false pretences from
<persName id="t18990724-name-12" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-12" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-12" type="surname" value="BAILY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-12" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-495-offence-1 t18990724-name-12"/>Emily Baily</persName>, Sanson to having been convicted on January 11th, 1893.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-495-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-495-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-495-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-495-18990724 t18990724-495-punishment-2"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour each.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990724-495-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-495-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-495-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p> 496.
<persName id="def1-496-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-496-18990724" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-496-18990724" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-496-18990724" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-496-18990724" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALICE BAILEY</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-496-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-496-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-496-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of £9, and stealing 2 blank cheques, the property of Roaco-Brummer.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-496-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-496-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-496-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-496-18990724 t18990724-496-punishment-3"/>Discharged on Recognizances.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990724-496-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-496-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-496-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18990724-497" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
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<p> 497.
<persName id="def1-497-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-497-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-497-18990724" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-497-18990724" type="surname" value="PLUMSTEAD"/>
<interp inst="def1-497-18990724" type="given" value="EDWARD WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WILLIAM PLUMSTEAD</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-497-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-497-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-497-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to stealing a post letter, the property of the Post
<lb/>master-General, he being employed under the Post Office,—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-497-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-497-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-497-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-497-18990724 t18990724-497-punishment-4"/>Ten Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990724-497-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-497-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-497-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18990724-498" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-498" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-498-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-498-18990724 t18990724-498-offence-1 t18990724-498-verdict-1"/>
<p> 498.
<persName id="def1-498-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-498-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-498-18990724" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-498-18990724" type="surname" value="EDRICH"/>
<interp inst="def1-498-18990724" type="given" value="EDMUND BALLARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDMUND BALLARD EDRICH</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-498-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-498-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-498-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to stealing a post letter whilst employed in the Post Office.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-498-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-498-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-498-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-498-18990724 t18990724-498-punishment-5"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990724-498-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-498-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-498-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>499.
<persName id="def1-499-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-499-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-499-18990724" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-499-18990724" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-499-18990724" type="given" value="JOHN ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ROBERT JONES</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-499-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-499-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-499-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging a notice of withdrawal of 15s. from an account in the Post Office Savings Bank, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-499-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-499-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-499-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-499-18990724 t18990724-499-punishment-6"/>Discharged on Recognizances.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990724-499-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-499-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-499-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18990724-500" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-500" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-500-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-500-18990724 t18990724-500-offence-1 t18990724-500-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-500-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-500-18990724 t18990724-500-offence-1 t18990724-500-verdict-1"/>
<p> 500.
<persName id="def1-500-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-500-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-500-18990724" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-500-18990724" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="def1-500-18990724" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED WEBB</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-500-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-500-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-500-18990724" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def2-500-18990724" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def2-500-18990724" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD EDWARDS</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-500-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-500-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-500-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> to breaking and enter
<lb/>ing the shop of
<persName id="t18990724-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-19" type="surname" value="AVANT"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-19" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-500-offence-1 t18990724-name-19"/>Joseph Avant</persName>, and stealing therein a bracelet, value £6</rs>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-500-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-500-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-500-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18990724-500-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-500-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-500-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-500-18990724 t18990724-500-punishment-7"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-500-18990724 t18990724-500-punishment-7"/>Judgment Respited. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-8">
<interp inst="t18990724-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-8" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18990724 t18990724-8-offence-1 t18990724-8-verdict-1"/>
<p> (501)
<persName id="def1-8-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18990724" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18990724" type="surname" value="SIDLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18990724" type="given" value="RICHARD HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD HENRY SIDLEY</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18990724-name-21" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-21" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-21" type="given" value="JAMES HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-8-offence-1 t18990724-name-21"/>James Henry Martin</persName>, and stealing therein a purse and the sum of £9 9s. 6d., he having been con
<lb/>victed at this Court on April 25th, 1898, </rs>
<hi rend="italic">and one other conviction was proved against him.—
<rs id="t18990724-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18990724 t18990724-8-punishment-8"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990724-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-502">
<interp inst="t18990724-502" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-502" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-502-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-502-18990724 t18990724-502-offence-1 t18990724-502-verdict-1"/>
<p> 502.
<persName id="def1-502-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-502-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-502-18990724" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-502-18990724" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="def1-502-18990724" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM KELLY</hi> (21)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-502-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-502-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-502-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990724-502-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-502-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-502-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-502-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-502-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-502-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-502-18990724 t18990724-502-punishment-9"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-503">
<interp inst="t18990724-503" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-503" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-503-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-503-18990724 t18990724-503-offence-1 t18990724-503-verdict-1"/>
<p> 503.
<persName id="def1-503-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-503-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-503-18990724" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-503-18990724" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-503-18990724" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WATSON</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-503-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-503-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-503-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> to stealing a purse and 26s. 4d. the property of
<persName id="t18990724-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-24" type="surname" value="HEATON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-24" type="given" value="KATE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-503-offence-1 t18990724-name-24"/> Kate Heaton</persName>, from her person, having been convicted at Guildhall on December 21st, 1898.
<hi rend="italic">Sixteen convictions were proved against him</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-503-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-503-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-503-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-503-18990724 t18990724-503-punishment-10"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990724-503-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-503-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-503-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-11">
<interp inst="t18990724-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-11" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18990724 t18990724-11-offence-1 t18990724-11-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240004"/>
<p> (504)
<persName id="def1-11-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18990724" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18990724" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18990724" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN THOMPSON</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> to obtaining 8 umbrellas from
<persName id="t18990724-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-26" type="surname" value="CHALLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-26" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-11-offence-1 t18990724-name-26"/>George Challis</persName> by false pretences—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18990724 t18990724-11-punishment-11"/>One Day's Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990724-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-505">
<interp inst="t18990724-505" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-505" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-505-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-505-18990724 t18990724-505-offence-1 t18990724-505-verdict-1"/>
<p> 505.
<persName id="def1-505-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-505-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-505-18990724" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-505-18990724" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-505-18990724" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WOOD</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-505-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-505-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-505-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-28" type="surname" value="GOLDSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-28" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>REUBEN GOLDSTEIN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Saiman, of New Street, St. Martin's Lane—on June 30th, about 9.30, the prisoner came in—I served him—he gave me this crown-piece—I found it was bad, and broke it with a weight—I said nothing, but he directly took out a half-crown and said, "Now try that"—Mr. Saiman was present—I fetched a constable—he was charged, but said nothing—I then said that he was the same man who came in about six weeks ago with a bad coin for an ounce of shag, price 4d.—I gave him the change and put the coin in the till, and 5 minutes after-wards the governor looked at it and broke it—I had no other half-crown there—the prisoner said that he got the crown on June 30th from a bookmaker.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I did not say that I thought you were the man who came before; I said that you were the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-29" type="surname" value="SAIMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-29" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC SAIMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, of 28, New Street, St. Martin's Lane—I was in the shop on June 20th when the prisoner came in—I saw the coin broken, and he gave my boy a half-crown, and said, "Now, try that one"—that was a good one—he said that he got the coin from a bookmaker—I said, "What is his name?"—he said, "It is not your business to ask me such a question"—Goldstein mentioned the other coin 8
<hi rend="smallCaps">X</hi> weeks before, and the prisoner said nothing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-30" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-30" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GODDARD</persName> </hi> (141
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>). I was called to the shop, and found the prisoner there—the broken pieces of coin were shown me—I searched the prisoner, and found 1d. on him—he was charged, and said that he got the coin in his trade of selling flowers, but afterwards he said he got it from a bookmaker on Saturday—I asked the bookmaker's name—he said, "That is not your business"—this is the coin—Goldstein said that the prisoner was the same man who passed one six weeks previous—the prisoner said, "Are you sure?"—Goldstein said, "Yes"—the prisoner said no more—Goldstein did not say, "I believe you are the man"—the prisoner was sober, but he had been drinking.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The divisional surgeon said at Bow Street that you were suffering from the effects of drink—I did not whisper to the boy before he said that you were the man who came the first time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-31" type="surname" value="HENDY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-31" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HENDY</persName> </hi>. I keep a shop at 2, Aylesbury Street, Lambeth—on May 6th the prisoner came in early for four penny eggs, and gave me a 5s. piece—I found it was bad, and asked him if he had any smaller change—he said, "No"—I said, "It is bad"—he said that he got it on a racecourse.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-32" type="surname" value="BETTISON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-32" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BETTISON</persName> </hi> (45
<hi rend="italic">LR</hi>). I took the prisoner on May 6th, and pro-duce the coin—he was discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-33" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-33" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of. coin to H.M. Mint—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240005"/>
<p>these two crowns are bad—they are of the same date, but from different moulds</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defence, said that he got the coin of May 6th on a racecourse, and was discharged, and that he thought the second coin was good.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-505-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-505-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-505-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Several previous convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18990724-505-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-505-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-505-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-505-18990724 t18990724-505-punishment-12"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-506">
<interp inst="t18990724-506" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-506" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-506-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-506-18990724 t18990724-506-offence-1 t18990724-506-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-506-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-506-18990724 t18990724-506-offence-1 t18990724-506-verdict-1"/>
<p> 506.
<persName id="def1-506-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-506-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-506-18990724" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-506-18990724" type="surname" value="BENSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-506-18990724" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BENSON</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-506-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-506-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-506-18990724" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-506-18990724" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-506-18990724" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MORRIS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-506-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-506-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-506-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in their possession, with intent to
<lb/>utter it.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-36" type="surname" value="LAMBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-36" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE LAMBERT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). I went to Waterloo Road with Knell, Gray, and Baldwin, but we were so conspicuous that we separated—I saw Morris and two men not in custody at 11.30, and sometimes one of us kept them under observation, and sometimes another—they went up Stamford Street to the York Hotel—we first saw Benson at 12.30—I saw all four together—we all followed them to a public-house just over Lambeth Bridge, when the two not in custody went in, and the other two remained outside—the 2 not in custody then went into Regent's Yard—Sergeant Knell and I got hold of Morris—I said, "What have you on you?"—he said, "Nothing"—I put my hand in his left waist-coat pocket and took out a 5s. piece, and Sergeant Knell 22 5s. pieces from his left pocket, folded up in newspaper—I told Morris he would have to go to the station—he said, "All right, the game is up"—I was going to search him, and he said, "You have the lot"—I found nothing—he said that he had no fixed address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-37" type="surname" value="KNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-37" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK KNELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). On July 15th, at 10.30 a.m., I saw the prisoners at the corner of the New Cut—I followed them for an hour and a half, with other officers—they were hanging about public-houses—Morris left the others and rejoined them—they went over Lambeth Bridge—we had them under observation 3 hours—I arrested Morris at the corner of Chapel Street, and found 22 coins in his pocket he said, "I will go quiet"—they were both taken to the station, and Bonson said, "You can't lock me up for being with this man; I do not know him"—he made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-38" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-38" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT GRAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). I was present when Baldwin arrested Benson, but found no money, only this pocket-knife—he said, "I don't know this man; I know what you want me for"—I had never seen them before 10.30 that day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-39" type="surname" value="BALDWIN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-39" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BALDWIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). I was watching these men on July 15th—the other two went into half a-dozen public-houses, and the prisoners waited outside in the road; but at one public-house they all four went in together, and at another the prisoners went in and the other two stopped outside.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Benson.</hi> There was another man whom you went up and spoke to; he made five.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-40" type="surname" value="DARBY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-40" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD DARBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, E</hi>). I never wear uniform—on the night of July 13th, shortly after 11 p m., I saw the prisoners in Duke Street, Strand, outside the Old St. Martin's public-house, with three other men; and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240006"/>
<p>the next night I looked in at one bar and saw them go out—I went into the next bar, and they came in after me, and the first man put his shoulder against me—on the next night I went again, and saw the prisoners and the same three men at the same spot—I have known Benson 7 years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-41" type="surname" value="WETSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-41" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WETSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are counterfeit, and from two Afferent moulds; 12 from 1 mould and 14 from another.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Morris's Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-42" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-42" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MORRIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>). This coin was given to me by the man who ran away—I did not know they were bad—I did not intend to utter them—I do not know the names of the other men.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner Benson.</hi> You met me on Saturday morning, the 15th, at Horseferry Road—four men were with you—you did not know what I had in my possession—I asked you to go and have a drink, but you said "No," and the other man, similar to you, was in your company—I swear that you knew nothing about my affairs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>. I met him for the first time at the corner of Horseferry Road—I saw the men who gave me the coins at the corner of the York Hotel, about 12.30—they asked me to hold them while they went to Victoria, and the police came and took the coins.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I told Lambert I had got nothing on me, because I did not know what the packet contained—it is not true that I was with them on July 13th and 14th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Wbenson's Defence</hi>: I left home at 4 o'clock, and met 4 men whom I knew. They asked me to drink; I told them I did not drink. The detective came and asked one of them what they had in their possession. The other two men ran down the street, and they took me to the station, and found the coins on this man. I do not know him; I was never in his company. The men wore caps and handkerchiefs. The detective has given a false statement. He did see me one night coming out of Gatti's, but that is all. I spoke to these men at the corner of Horseferry Road, and, unfortunately, I was apprehended with them. If I knew them I should give them in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Five previous convictions were proved against Benson.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-506-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-506-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-506-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-506-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-506-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-506-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-506-18990724 t18990724-506-punishment-13"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-506-18990724 t18990724-506-punishment-13"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-507">
<interp inst="t18990724-507" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-507" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-507-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-507-18990724 t18990724-507-offence-1 t18990724-507-verdict-1"/>
<p> 507.
<persName id="def1-507-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-507-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-507-18990724" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-507-18990724" type="surname" value="PLUMMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-507-18990724" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT PLUMMER</hi> (35)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-507-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-507-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-507-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990724-507-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-507-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-507-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering a receipt for £16 10s. 2d., with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-507-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-507-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-507-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-507-18990724 t18990724-507-punishment-14"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-508">
<interp inst="t18990724-508" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-508" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-508-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-508-18990724 t18990724-508-offence-1 t18990724-508-verdict-1"/>
<p> 508.
<persName id="def1-508-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-508-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-508-18990724" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-508-18990724" type="surname" value="HUME"/>
<interp inst="def1-508-18990724" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HUME</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-508-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-508-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-508-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18990724-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-45" type="surname" value="KOPPENHAGEN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-45" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-508-offence-1 t18990724-name-45"/>James Koppenhagen</persName>, and stealing 3 umbrellas and other articles. Two other convictions were proved against him</rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-508-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-508-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-508-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-508-18990724 t18990724-508-punishment-15"/>Three Years'Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18990724-508-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-508-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-508-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-16">
<interp inst="t18990724-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-16" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18990724 t18990724-16-offence-1 t18990724-16-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-16-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-16-18990724 t18990724-16-offence-1 t18990724-16-verdict-1"/>
<p>(509)
<persName id="def1-16-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18990724" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18990724" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18990724" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT BROWN</hi> (18)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-16-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-16-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-18990724" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-18990724" type="surname" value="NEWSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-18990724" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE NEWSON</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>to breaking and entering the shop of Messrs. Salmon and Gluckstein, and stealing 5 pipes and other articles.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18990724-16-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-16-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-16-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18990724 t18990724-16-punishment-16"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-16-18990724 t18990724-16-punishment-16"/>Judgment Respited. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-510">
<interp inst="t18990724-510" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-510" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-510-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-510-18990724 t18990724-510-offence-1 t18990724-510-verdict-1"/>
<p> 510.
<persName id="def1-510-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-510-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-510-18990724" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-510-18990724" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-510-18990724" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD O'BRIEN</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-510-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-510-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-510-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18990724-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-49" type="surname" value="BURNS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-49" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-510-offence-1 t18990724-name-49"/>Patrick Burns</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240007"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PASSMORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-50" type="surname" value="BURNS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-50" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK BURNS</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at 3, Rose Place, London Street, Stepney—on June 17th I saw the prisoner in London Street with two females—we went into a lot of public houses—the last we went into was in Hanbury Street, Brick Lane—when I was just about to leave I fell a stab in my stomach—I fell down, and did not remember any more till I was at the hospital—I have been an in
<lb/>patient at the infirmary ever since—I had not had any words with the prisoner—I had not been carrying on with one of the women—one of the women had been rather free with me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I did not say before the Magistrate that I had been into a public-house in Spitalfields and been stabbed—I admitted that I did not know who stabbed me—I did not say you were not in the public-house—I was not sober when you first met me—I do not know what public-house we were in—I cannot say if there were other men in the same compartment of the public-house—I was about 25 minutes in the Weavers' Arms—you could have left the public-house without my seeing you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-51" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-51" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BROWN</persName> </hi> (398
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). About 3.30 p.m. on June 17th I was in Hanbury Street—I saw the prosecutor standing outside the Weavers' Arms—he was bleeding from a wound in the groin—I took him to the London Hospital—I did not see any fighting.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-52" type="surname" value="THORNHILL"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-52" type="given" value="ROWLAND"/>ROWLAND THORNHILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). I went to Chatham on the 23rd, where I found the prisoner detained—I told him I should take him into custody, and take him back, to London, where he would be charged with stabbing Patrick Burns on June 17th—he said, "All right; I admit I did it, but not intentionally; but it was under great provocation. He had a row with me earlier in the day"—on the journey home he said, "We had been all drinking together. I am very sorry I stabbed him; I did not know it had happened till I was told, and I got the tip to clear away"—when charged at the station he said, "It was under great provo
<lb/>cation I did it"—the Chatham police handed me a knife in the prisoner's presence—he said, "That is my knife, but it is not the knife it was done with."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The first words I spoke to you at Chatham were, "Well, Burns, do you know me?"—I said that the best thing you could have done was to give yourself up—I did not have the witnesses up before the Magistrate, because it was not. necessary—it was explained to the Magistrate that it was not necessary.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He knew what he was saying when he said, "I admit it"—he was not under the influence of drink—he had been detained several days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-53" type="surname" value="MORELLA"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-53" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MORELLA</persName> </hi>. I am a stevedore, and live at 225, High Street, Poplar—I saw the prisoner at about 6 p.m. on June 17th, at 8, Wills Street, Spitalfields—he came into the shop to sell a pair of boots—I was sitting outside the window, which was open, and I heard the conversation between the prisoner and the proprietor of the shop—the prisoner said he had had a row with Burns, that he could not stand him any more, and that he had
<hi rend="italic">outed</hi> him, and he wanted to know what he had better do—
<hi rend="italic">outed</hi> meant that he had pretty nearly killed him—I told the prisoner to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240008"/>
<p>go down the river and drop overboard—the proprietor of the shop told him to give himself up—the prisoner sold some small articles at the shop, and then went away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You wanted to sell some boots, but the proprietor would not take them—I saw a graze on your face.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-54" type="surname" value="FRANKLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-54" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT FRANKLIN</persName> </hi>. I am the House Surgeon at the London Hospital—on June 17th, between 3 and 4 p.m., the prosecutor was brought in—he had five wounds; one on the abdomen, an incised lacerated wound in the left groin, two punctured wounds in the left of the abdomen, and one in the left calf—some considerable force must have been used—this knife would have caused the wounds—the one in the abdomen was distinctly danger
<lb/>ous—he remained in the hospital till he went to the Police-court; since then I have not seen him—he was dead drunk—he is now out of danger; he was out of danger when he left the hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The wounds could not have been caused by a blunt instrument.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "It is false evidence. I am not responsible for what I did."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, said that there was no one who had seen him stab the prosecutor; that he had had a row with him early in the morning, and that when speaking to the proprietor of the shop that was what he referred to; that at Chatham he had delirium tremens, and was taken to the infirmary and put into a straight jacket; and that a confession was wrung from him by means of hypnotism.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-510-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-510-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-510-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then Pleaded Guilty to a conviction at this Court on September</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1896,
<hi rend="italic">when he was sentenced to three years' penal servitude, and five other convictions were proved against him
<rs id="t18990724-510-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-510-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-510-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-510-18990724 t18990724-510-punishment-17"/>.—Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-511">
<interp inst="t18990724-511" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-511" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-511-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-511-18990724 t18990724-511-offence-1 t18990724-511-verdict-1"/>
<p>511.
<persName id="def1-511-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-511-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-511-18990724" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-511-18990724" type="surname" value="TREGONING"/>
<interp inst="def1-511-18990724" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AUGUSTUS TREGONING</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-511-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-511-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-511-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>, Wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that the indictment was bad, and, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDED</hi>
<hi rend="italic">being of the same opinion, directed a verdict of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-511-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-511-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-511-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="fault"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-512">
<interp inst="t18990724-512" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-512" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-512-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-512-18990724 t18990724-512-offence-1 t18990724-512-verdict-1"/>
<p>512.
<persName id="def1-512-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-512-18990724" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="def1-512-18990724" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-512-18990724" type="surname" value="JOSEFOWITZ"/>
<interp inst="def1-512-18990724" type="given" value="EGON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EGON JOSEFOWITZ</hi> (20)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-512-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-512-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-512-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990724-512-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-512-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-512-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering an order for £5; also an order for £10, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-512-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-512-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-512-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-512-18990724 t18990724-512-punishment-18"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-513">
<interp inst="t18990724-513" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-513" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-513-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-513-18990724 t18990724-513-offence-1 t18990724-513-verdict-1"/>
<p> 513.
<persName id="def1-513-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-513-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-513-18990724" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-513-18990724" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="def1-513-18990724" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK LANE</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-513-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-513-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-513-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering an order for £15, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">His father undertook to send him to his uncle in Canada.—
<rs id="t18990724-513-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-513-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-513-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18990724-513-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-513-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-513-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-513-18990724 t18990724-513-punishment-19"/>Judgment respited. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-514">
<interp inst="t18990724-514" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-514" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-514-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-514-18990724 t18990724-514-offence-1 t18990724-514-verdict-1"/>
<p> 514.
<persName id="def1-514-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-514-18990724" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-514-18990724" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-514-18990724" type="surname" value="HAGGARTY"/>
<interp inst="def1-514-18990724" type="given" value="MATILDA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MATILDA HAGGARTY</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-514-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-514-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-514-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to two indictments for forging and uttering two orders for £5 each, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-514-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-514-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-514-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-514-18990724 t18990724-514-punishment-20"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990724-514-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-514-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-514-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-515">
<interp inst="t18990724-515" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-515" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-515-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-515-18990724 t18990724-515-offence-1 t18990724-515-verdict-1"/>
<p> 515.
<persName id="def1-515-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-515-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-515-18990724" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-515-18990724" type="surname" value="EDRICH"/>
<interp inst="def1-515-18990724" type="given" value="EDMUND BALLARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDMUND BALLARD EDRICH</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-515-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-515-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-515-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18990724-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-60" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-60" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-515-offence-1 t18990724-name-60"/>Annie Saunders</persName>, his wife being alive.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-515-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-515-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-515-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-515-18990724 t18990724-515-punishment-21"/>Six Months' in the Second Class.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990724-515-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-515-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-515-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-516">
<interp inst="t18990724-516" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-516" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-516-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-516-18990724 t18990724-516-offence-1 t18990724-516-verdict-1"/>
<p>516.
<persName id="def1-516-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-516-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-516-18990724" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-516-18990724" type="surname" value="DEANE"/>
<interp inst="def1-516-18990724" type="given" value="CHARLES GRIFFEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES GRIFFEN DEANE</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-516-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-516-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-516-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>to stealing £3,753 10s., the money of the
<persName id="t18990724-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-62" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-516-offence-1 t18990724-name-62"/>Bank of Australia</persName>, his masters.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-516-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-516-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-516-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18990724-516-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-516-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-516-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-516-18990724 t18990724-516-punishment-22"/>Judgment Respited. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-517">
<interp inst="t18990724-517" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-517" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-517-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-517-18990724 t18990724-517-offence-1 t18990724-517-verdict-1"/>
<p> 517.
<persName id="def1-517-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-517-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-517-18990724" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-517-18990724" type="surname" value="ANTROBUS"/>
<interp inst="def1-517-18990724" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY ANTROBUS</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-517-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-517-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-517-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering a receipt for £13 2s. 6d., with intent to defraud; also to obtaining £2 14s. by false pretences;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to forging and uttering a receipt for money;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to obtaining irom Ernest Robert Meakin a type
<lb/>writing machine by false pretences</rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-517-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-517-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-517-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18990724-517-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-517-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-517-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-517-18990724 t18990724-517-punishment-23"/>Judgement Respited. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-25">
<interp inst="t18990724-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-25" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-18990724 t18990724-25-offence-1 t18990724-25-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240009"/>
<p> (518)
<persName id="def1-25-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18990724" type="surname" value="GOSWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18990724" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE GOSWELL</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18990724-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>to feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t18990724-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-65" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-65" type="surname" value="GOSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-65" type="given" value="AMENTA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-25-offence-1 t18990724-name-65"/>Amenta Goswell</persName>, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18990724-25-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-25-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-25-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-18990724 t18990724-25-punishment-24"/>Judgment Respited. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-519">
<interp inst="t18990724-519" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-519" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-519-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-519-18990724 t18990724-519-offence-1 t18990724-519-verdict-1"/>
<p> 519.
<persName id="def1-519-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-519-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-519-18990724" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-519-18990724" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-519-18990724" type="given" value="JIM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JIM MITCHELL</hi> </persName>(23, negro),
<rs id="t18990724-519-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-519-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-519-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18990724-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-67" type="surname" value="GALNAR"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-67" type="given" value="OWEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-519-offence-1 t18990724-name-67"/>Owen Galnar</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm</rs>.—
<rs id="t18990724-519-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-519-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-519-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner stated that he was guilty of unlawfully wounding, and the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found that ver
<lb/>dict.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-519-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-519-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-519-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-519-18990724 t18990724-519-punishment-25"/>Two Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-520">
<interp inst="t18990724-520" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-520" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-520-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-520-18990724 t18990724-520-offence-1 t18990724-520-verdict-1"/>
<p> 520.
<persName id="def1-520-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-520-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-520-18990724" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-520-18990724" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="def1-520-18990724" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD YOUNG</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-520-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-520-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-520-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18990724-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-69" type="surname" value="SILVERSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-69" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-520-offence-1 t18990724-name-69"/>Michael Silverstein</persName>, and stealing 2 watches and other articles, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-70" type="surname" value="SILVERSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-70" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL SILVERSTEIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I am a tailor, of 30, Booth Street, Spitalfields—on June 30th, about 2 o'clock, I was walking through Spitalfields, and the prisoner caught me by my neck, and took from me a half-sovereign, two half-crowns, and some small coins—I held him till a policeman came.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I am positively sure you are the man who robbed me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-71" type="surname" value="RONALDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-71" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER RONALDSON</persName> </hi> (226
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). I saw the prosecutor and prisoner holding one another—2 or 3 other people were there—the prosecutor gave the prisoner into my custody for assault and robbery—he did not mention any particular coin, but at the station he said he had lost a half-sovereign and two half-crowns—I found on the prisoner a half-sovereign, a half-crown, and some smaller money—he was quite sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prosecutor cannot speak English, but he made signs that he had lost money—one witness said that you asked him for some tobacco—you attempted to get away from me, but you had no-chance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-72" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-72" type="given" value="ISRAEL"/>ISRAEL COHEN</persName> </hi>. I am a waiter—on the night of June 20th I was in Commercial Street—the prisoner came up and asked me for a pipe of tobacco—I gave him the opportunity of going on, and saw him attack the prosecutor, who called out, "My money! my money!"—I rushed up, and saw the prisoner take his hand from the prosecutor's pocket—he was punching him when I got up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I walked slowly, and let you go by me—you held the prosecutor by his throat, and he held you, that you should not get away—the prosecutor said at the station that a man came up and put his hand in his pocket, and gave him a jolly good pat.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate</hi>; "I was walking with the man. The money I had in my pocket was entirely my own."
<hi rend="italic">He repeated the same statement in his defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-520-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-520-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-520-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then Pleaded Guilty to a conviction at Clerkenwell in February</hi>, 1899,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of
<persName id="t18990724-name-73">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-73" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18990724-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-name-73 t18990724-alias-2"/>Edward Baker</rs> </persName>.—
<rs id="t18990724-520-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-520-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-520-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-520-18990724 t18990724-520-punishment-26"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-521">
<interp inst="t18990724-521" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-521" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-521-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-521-18990724 t18990724-521-offence-1 t18990724-521-verdict-1"/>
<p> 521.
<persName id="def1-521-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-521-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-521-18990724" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-521-18990724" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WILLIS</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18990724-521-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-521-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-521-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>Carnally knowing
<persName id="t18990724-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-75" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-75" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-75" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-521-offence-1 t18990724-name-75"/>Edith Smith</persName>, aged 14 years.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-521-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-521-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-521-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240010"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Ridley.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-522">
<interp inst="t18990724-522" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-522" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-522-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-522-18990724 t18990724-522-offence-1 t18990724-522-verdict-1"/>
<p> 522.
<persName id="def1-522-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-522-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-522-18990724" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-522-18990724" type="surname" value="MORGUES"/>
<interp inst="def1-522-18990724" type="given" value="ALEC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEC MORGUES</hi> (18)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-522-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-522-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-522-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990724-522-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-522-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-522-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>sending a letter to
<persName id="t18990724-name-77" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-77" type="surname" value="HYATT"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-77" type="given" value="JAMES LAKE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-522-offence-1 t18990724-name-77"/>James Lake Hyatt</persName>, demanding £10, with menaces, he knowing the contents thereof.
<hi rend="italic">Having been convicted at this Court on February</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898, for blackmail.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-522-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-522-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-522-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-522-18990724 t18990724-522-punishment-27"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-523">
<interp inst="t18990724-523" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-523" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-523-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-523-18990724 t18990724-523-offence-1 t18990724-523-verdict-1"/>
<p> 523.
<persName id="def1-523-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-523-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-523-18990724" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-523-18990724" type="surname" value="MALONEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-523-18990724" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES MALONEY</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-523-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-523-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-523-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>, Charged, on the Coroner's Inquisition only, with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18990724-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-79" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-79" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-523-offence-1 t18990724-name-79"/>Charles Chapman</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-80" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-80" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>MR. CHARLES W. MATHEWS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GUY TEPHENSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAND JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">threw out the Bill for murder, and in the course of the trial for manslaughter the
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi> stopped the case, and returned a verdict of</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-523-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-523-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-523-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-524">
<interp inst="t18990724-524" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-524" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-524-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-524-18990724 t18990724-524-offence-1 t18990724-524-verdict-1"/>
<p> 524.
<persName id="def1-524-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-524-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-524-18990724" type="surname" value="WELCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-524-18990724" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH WELCH</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18990724-524-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-524-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-524-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> was charged, on the Coroner's Inquisition only, with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18990724-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-82" type="surname" value="WELCH"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-82" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-524-offence-1 t18990724-name-82"/>Charlotte Ann Welch</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PICKERSGILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ELLIOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">No evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-524-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-524-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-524-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">For other Cases tried this day, see Essex and Surrey Cases.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-525">
<interp inst="t18990724-525" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-525" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-525-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-525-18990724 t18990724-525-offence-1 t18990724-525-verdict-1"/>
<p> 525.
<persName id="def1-525-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-525-18990724" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-525-18990724" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-525-18990724" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE SMITH</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-525-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-525-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-525-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990724-525-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-525-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-525-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing 56 yards of silk, the property of
<persName id="t18990724-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-84" type="surname" value="SOMERFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-84" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-525-offence-1 t18990724-name-84"/>William Somerford</persName>, and to a conviction of felony at Clerkenwell in March, 1896.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-525-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-525-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-525-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-525-18990724 t18990724-525-punishment-28"/>Six Months' Imprisonment in the Second Division</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-526">
<interp inst="t18990724-526" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-526" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-526-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-526-18990724 t18990724-526-offence-1 t18990724-526-verdict-1"/>
<p>526.
<persName id="def1-526-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-526-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-526-18990724" type="surname" value="PATERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-526-18990724" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID PATERSON</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18990724-526-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-526-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-526-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> Stealing a banker's cheque for £450, the property of
<persName id="t18990724-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-86" type="surname" value="BEDFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-86" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-526-offence-1 t18990724-name-86"/>Herbert Bedford</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-87" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-87" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>MR. CHARLES MATHEWS</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-526-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-526-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-526-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-527">
<interp inst="t18990724-527" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-527" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-527-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-527-18990724 t18990724-527-offence-1 t18990724-527-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-527-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-527-18990724 t18990724-527-offence-1 t18990724-527-verdict-1"/>
<p> 527.
<persName id="def1-527-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-527-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-527-18990724" type="age" value="63"/>
<interp inst="def1-527-18990724" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-527-18990724" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WATSON</hi> (63)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-527-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-527-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-527-18990724" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-527-18990724" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-527-18990724" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK THOMAS</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-527-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-527-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-527-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Committing acts of gross indecency with each other.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-90" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-90" type="surname" value="MAISTRE"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-90" type="given" value="LE"/>MR. LE MAISTRE</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-527-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-527-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-527-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-528">
<interp inst="t18990724-528" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-528" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-528-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-528-18990724 t18990724-528-offence-1 t18990724-528-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-528-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-528-18990724 t18990724-528-offence-2 t18990724-528-verdict-2"/>
<p> 528.
<persName id="def1-528-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-528-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-528-18990724" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-528-18990724" type="surname" value="BULLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-528-18990724" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BULLER</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-528-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-528-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-528-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing 7 pairs of curtains, and other property of
<persName id="t18990724-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-92" type="surname" value="BAXENDALE"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-92" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-528-offence-1 t18990724-name-92"/>Joseph Baxendale</persName>, and others, his masters; and </rs>
<persName id="def2-528-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-528-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-528-18990724" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def2-528-18990724" type="surname" value="CAVALHO"/>
<interp inst="def2-528-18990724" type="given" value="AARON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AARON CAVALHO</hi> (54)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-528-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-528-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-528-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, Feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BULLER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-528-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-528-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-528-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. F. GILL</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BEARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Cavalho.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-94" type="surname" value="BOSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-94" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BOSWELL</persName> </hi>. I live at 47, Halliford Street, Hoxton—I am a van-boy employed by Pickford and Co.—on June 5th I became van-boy to Buller—our van left the City Basin loaded for outlying depots at Stoke Newington, Lee, and so on—we did not deliver at private houses—I re-member on a Saturday early in June having a load from the City Basin to the Brixton Depot—we went to the Whitechapel Road—we stopped at A public house, coming out of Whitechapel into Aldgate—Buller took a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240011"/>
<p>big parcel to a turning at the corner of Middlesex Street—before that lie shifted his uniform cap with Pickford's initials on it, and his apron—he returned without the parcel—he was away about 10 minutes—when he returned he put on his uniform cap and apron, and we went to the Brixton Depot—a few days afterwards, on June 15th, I was going to leave—I saw Buller put six parcels and a bale in front of his van—after we left the City Basin another van-boy, Lock, got up in the van—Buller asked him—we stopped at a public-house towards Stratford way—Buller changed his uniform cap and apron, and went into a public-house—then he came out and backed the van to Tewkesbury Court—Buller told me to throw him out 3 parcels, and then he came back for 3 more—the other boy helped me out with a bale—both went down the court—the other boy then pulled the van outside Pickford's Depdt, which is near there—Buller was absent 5 or 10 minutes—Buller came back, and put on his uniform cap and apron—we turned the van and went towards Lee, in an opposite direction—we stopped at a coffee-stall—Buller gave me 3s., and said, "Do not tell anybody"—I had noticed boots sticking out of one parcel.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been at Pickford's three years and a
<lb/>half, at
<lb/>tached to the City Basin—policemen are on duty at the gates—the carman loads his own van—the parcels are checked at the bank—we called our checker "Jack"—there are 14 or 15 checkers—we get a docket, showing the number of parcels—the van is booked out at the office—Lock had been out of Pickford's service about 6 months—it took us about 20 minutes to reach Tewkesbury Court—I saw Lock standing outside the yard at the City Basin—Buller said, "Will you come and have a ride, Jack?"—the time was 10.30 p.m.—I was on the tailboard of the van, with a single horse; Buller was on the box; Lock rode in front, inside—I only knew Buller was not doing right the last time, when he said something about a "crook," and gave me 3s.—I thought he meant a thief—Wennley and Gill came to the City Bisin, and took my statement on June 16th—they told me they were policemen—that was two weeks afterwards, before. I gave my evidence—I saw the boys Lock and Lambert at the solicitor's, with two constables—Lock made a statement—the statements were read out—I am still van-boy at Pickford's—we have a lot of changes—I have been with about a dozen carmen—I knew the first time, on June 10th, Buller had no right to deliver parcels in Whitechapel—I first heard Cavalho's name at the Police-station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I am 16 years old—we went to this court about five times—on June 15th I saw a young woman standing at the top of a court—she motioned with her hand to Buller.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-95" type="surname" value="LOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-95" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN LOCK</persName> </hi>. I was a van-boy for Pickford's about Christmas last for a short time—I was tho first time discharged because my character was not good enough, and the second time because I had been employed there before—I went with Buller and the van to Tewkesbury Court on June 15th or 25th, about a month after I left—I got on the van near Pickford's premises in the City Road, because Buller asked me to come for a ride, and I said, "Yes; where are you going to?"—he said, "Lee"—it was about 10 p m—we went towards Great Eastern Street, and then to High Street, Whitechapel—you can go that way over the Tower Bridge—we stopped</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240012"/>
<p>outside Tewkesbury Court, near a public-house—a policeman was standing at the court; when he went away Buller changed his hat and apron—then he backed the van to the court—I saw Cavalho looking out of a window over a boot-shop and over the court—I was looking out of the public-house—when I came out I saw Buller go up the court with thiee parcels—he turned in the first door on the left—I had seen him go there once before—when he came back he said, "Let us have the others out sharp,
<hi rend="italic">Jack</hi>," meaning a bale and a parcel—I helped Boswell get the bale out, and Bos well helped with the parcel—I followed behind Buller to the landing—Cavalho was in the room, and said, "Be careful, my boy, be careful"—Buller put the parcel down, and Cavalho gave him some silver—I came down, jumped in the van, and drove to Pickford's Yard at Whitechapel—I pulled up outside—when we got to a coffee-stall in Bermondsey Buller gave me half a crown—it was getting towards midnight—we went on to Lee—I saw Cavalho in the room through the old lace curtain inside the door—there is a light outside and a reflection.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The court is about five minutes from the City Basin—I was 17 years old in October—I am out of employment—I live with my parents in St. Luke's—I was employed about eight months at Pickford's altogether—one time I was there a week—four or five months the first time, in 1895—they gave me a character—I was 13 when I left school—I left one place because the work was too hard—I asked Pickford's why I was discharged—Mr. Dobie, who pays, said, "There is your character, if you want to see it"—I then went to Mr. Nolan's—I left him eight months ago, because there were too many hours—I got the half a crown for a "whack"—I suppose it was "swag"—Buller told me to go downstairs, but I stopped—since I left Pickford's I have sold lettuces and cabbages—the police took me to Leman Street, where I made a statement—Gill asked me if I knew the old Jew—I said, "No"—he said, "Not that old Jew in the High Street, a fair old "crook"—I said, "No"—he said he was a "fence"—I was kept at Leman Street about 12 hours—I was not charged—Gill said, "Do you know that 'bloke' who buys all that stuff?"—I said, "What stuff?"—he said, "That stuff that you took there that night"—I was three hours being questioned.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not know Cavalho's name till he was charged—I used the sack (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) as an apron when I was with Turner, a carman—I left it in front of the van—Buller took Turner's team—Buller took something in the sack into Tewkesbury Court—he returned without the sack.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-96" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-96" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BAILEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 30, Crescent Place, Warner Street, Kings-land Road—prior to June 7th I was van-boy in Pickford's service—I have seen Buller and Cavalho together in June at Tewkesbury Buildings when I went with Buller with a load.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen Lock in the York Road, where Buller invited me to go to Cavalho's house in his van—he said, "Get down and pick these things up"—I took a parcel up, and Buller a bale, and a young lady said, "Up through the first door on the left"—I made a statement at the Police-station—I have not been at Pickford's for two years—the police gave me 1s. a day—before that I sat behind brakes, cleaned horses, and was stable-boy—I was not in regular employment—Buller gave me</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240013"/>
<p>3s. at the coffee-stall in Jamaica Road—Boswell was there—Boiler told me not to tell anybody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-97" type="surname" value="LAMBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-97" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOHN"/>ARTHUR JOHN LAMBERT</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Pickford'aas a van-boy—I have been in High Street, Whitechapel, with Boiler—I saw Cavalho with Buller in Tewkesbury Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-98" type="surname" value="WICKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-98" type="given" value="JAMES SAMUEL"/>JAMES SAMUEL WICKHAM</persName> </hi>. I am foreman at the loading bank at Pick
<lb/>ford's City Basin Depot, where goods are sent to the suburban depots—the carmen load their own vans if with one horse, but not pair-hone vans—the driver's duty is to drive to the depot, and not to distribute the goods—these two sacks (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are Pickford's—the name and address are upon both.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We do not send these coal
<lb/>sacks out—goods are counted on to the van by the loader of a pair-horse vaa—there is a checker in nearly every case—the carman has a waybill for the depot—that is made out by the loader—another person checks the goods by the waybill at the depdt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-99" type="surname" value="FRANKS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-99" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID FRANKS</persName> </hi>. I am employed by John Roffey, Culcroas Street, boot factors—on June 15th 1 sent 2 parcels of boots to Mr. Benn, of Fulham, and Mr. Fenner, of Woolwich, value £3 19s. 4d. and £3 18s. 5d.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-100" type="surname" value="SHEPCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-100" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SHEPCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am a checker for Pickford and Co.—I took the two parcels of goods into the City Basin Depot from Roffey and Co. on June 15th, referred to in this waybill.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-101" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-101" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES PAYNE</persName> </hi>. 1 am a boot seller at Fulham—I have not received the goods I ordered from Roffey and Co. on June 15th—I gave notice to that effect.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-102" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-102" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Mr. John Fenner—I have not re
<lb/>ceived the parcel of boots, value £3 19s. 4d., which I should have received from Roffey and Co.—I gave information of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-103" type="surname" value="JARRODD"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-103" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN JARRODD</persName> </hi>. I am employed at Besley's, Wilson Street, Finsbory, makers of uppers—on June 15th I sent a parcel of boots to Mr. Cook, of Croydon, by Pickford's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-104" type="surname" value="DEBENHAH"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-104" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN DEBENHAH</persName> </hi>. I am a checker at the City Road Depot, at Pick
<lb/>ford's—I checked the goods sent by Besley.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-105" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-105" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COOK</persName> </hi>. I am a bootmaker, of Croydon—the parcel I expected from Besley'a on June 15th never reached me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-106" type="surname" value="DAVIDS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-106" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD DAVIDS</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Soper Brothers, wholesale clothiers, of Houndsditch—on June 15th I sent a bale of goods, value £9 9s. 2d., to Mr. Waring, of Tooting.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-107" type="surname" value="DEBENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-107" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN DEBENHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I checked these goods on June 15th at the City Basin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-108" type="surname" value="BUSHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-108" type="given" value="HENRY THOMAS"/>HENRY THOMAS BUSHELL</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Chaplin and Co., Gresham Street—I sent a consignment of muslin and lace curtains, value £1 7s. 7d., to the Co
<lb/>operative Stores at Charlton.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-109" type="surname" value="SKELTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-109" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SKELTON</persName> </hi>. I am a checker at Pickford's City Basin Depdt—I checked the parcel fro in Chaplin and Co.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-110" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant, H</hi>). On June 21st, about 7.30 p.m., I arrested Buller at Pickford's Depot in the City Road—I was with Wensley—I was present at the arrest of Cavalho about 10 o'clock the same evening, in the second
<lb/>floor front room over 100, High Street, Whitechapel—it is Tewkesbury Court, Tewkesbury Buildings—his premises are first</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240014"/>
<p>to the left in the court, upstairs on the first floor—it has no connection with the shop on the ground floor—on the door is a muslin curtain—Wensley arrested him for receiving parcels from Pick ford's on May 19th and June 15th, knowing them to be stolen—he said, "I did not know it was stolen"—Wensley searched the place, and I took charge of the pro
<lb/>perty, including these three Pickford's sacks (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), and this post
<lb/>card—the next day, Tuesday, his daughter came to the Court—she said, "You will be all right, father," as the cab was waiting to enter the yard—he replied, "Your father is done, my girl; look, here is the carman who brought the things to me," pointing to the carman who was sitting in the cab in custody, and could not be seen by his daughter when the remark was made.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was with Scott, another officer—Lock and Bailey were taken to the station—they were not charged—I told Lock he would be charged with a guilty knowledge before he got to the station—I told him I was going to take him to the station on suspicion of being con
<lb/>cerned with Buller in stealing articles—I had seen Boswell and Lambert—we kept the lads at the station several hours—I think they went away about dinner time the next day—perhaps Lock was kept 10 hours—Pickford's refused to charge—we got a verbal statement from Lock; he volunteered it—perhaps it took three hours—we reduced the statements to writing—it took about five pages of foolscap—"the old Jew of High Street, Whitechapel," was not mentioned in my hearing—in his statement Lock called Cavalho the "crook"—I did not call Cavalho a "fence"—Scott is not here to speak to the conversation between Cavalho and his daughter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Cavalho was represented at the Police-court when I gave evidence of that conversation—no question was asked me in cross-examination.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-111" type="surname" value="WENSLBY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-111" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WENSLBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant, H</hi>). I was with Gill at Cavalho's arrest—when charged he said, "I did not know it was stolen"—on searching the premises I found amongst other things these 2 sacks and another sack cut up as an apron—they were identified as Pickford's—I also found this postcard and a large variety of goods.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Cavalho was first charged with unlawful possession—I assisted to take him to the station on both occasions—he was after
<lb/>wards arrested on the charge of receiving—his son did not come to speak to him on the way to the station—he was not roughly handled—Cavalho was not placed to be identified by Lock—Lock mentioned Cavalho in his statement—I am not positive that he used his name—I did not use the word "fence"—I may have used the word "crook" afterwards—I did not bay, "Do you know the old Jew who lives in High Street, Whitechapel?"—Lock and Bailey were detained to enable me to com
<lb/>municate with the solicitor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-112" type="surname" value="PRAAGH"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-112" type="given" value="LEWIS VAN"/>LEWIS VAN PRAAGH</persName> </hi>. I produce a correct translation of a postcard from the Dutch, dated March 31st, 1891, addressed from Amsterdam to Cavalho, and signed "L. Wynman." (
<hi rend="italic">Thiscommenced</hi>, "My dear cousin,"
<hi rend="italic">and referred to goods received and sold for Cavalho.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Aaron Cavalho, in his defence, stated that he had been in business in one place as a dealer for</hi> 42
<hi rend="italic">years, selling what he purchased by attending sales and privately, but that he did not know these goods were stolen; and that the</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240015"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">sacks were given him to use or his kitchen floor; and that he thought Butler was a little dealer.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Be received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-528-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-528-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-528-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-528-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-528-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-528-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-528-18990724 t18990724-528-punishment-29"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BULLER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-528-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-528-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-528-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-528-18990724 t18990724-528-punishment-30"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday and Thursday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-529">
<interp inst="t18990724-529" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-529" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-529-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-529-18990724 t18990724-529-offence-1 t18990724-529-verdict-1"/>
<p>529.
<persName id="def1-529-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-529-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-529-18990724" type="surname" value="IARMANNI"/>
<interp inst="def1-529-18990724" type="given" value="LUIGI"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LUIGI ARMANNI</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18990724-529-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-529-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-529-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Stealing a quantity of electricity from the
<persName id="t18990724-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-114" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-529-offence-1 t18990724-name-114"/>Metropolitan Electric Supply Company, Limited</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COX</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HERMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-115" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-115" type="given" value="SIDNEY GRANT"/>SIDNEY GRANT WOOD</persName> </hi>. I am 16 years old, and live at 2, Montague Street, Russell Square—I am assistant to a firm of electricians—on July 5th, 1898, I entered the prisoner's employment at 4 and 5, Warwick Court, to learn the business—I left on, I think, March 10th this year—I went about with him at his work as an electric installer—about November, 1898, he told me that he had got the electric light free, but he never told me how—one fuse was taken out, and another was put in (
<hi rend="italic">Pointing it out on a model.</hi>)—I have seen him do it, and I have done it myself—he said that when it was put so (
<hi rend="italic">moving it</hi>) he did not pay for the light—that was put on in the evenings—when the fuse was not attached to the wire it was taken out and pushed on one side; it was put back in the morning—there was a very little light in the office in the day-time, hardly any, but in the evening there were sometimes four lamps and sometimes less—he told me to be careful of the light in the daytime, but he said nothing about the evening—about 5 months after I had been there 5 lamps were added, 2 in the shop and 3 outside.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am in Mr. Barnes' employ; I have been there four months—when I left the prisoner's I was dismissed, because he sent me to carry an old chair to a place in Shoreditch—I refused, and he discharged me—I was accustomed to leave at 7 o'clock, so that the electricity which I saw burning was mostly in the daytime—I know what a cutter is, and I know that the wire might melt, and it would be necessary to put on a fresh tube—I have never seen this model before—I did not trace where this wire went to.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This wire was not in the ordinary course.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-116" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-116" type="surname" value="BANTING"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-116" type="given" value="DIPTHONO"/>DIPTHONO BANTING</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, Back Hill, Hatton Garden—on. December 22nd I entered the prisoner's service at 5s. a week, and he allowed me to use his office for addressing envelopes and circulars—I left his office at the beginning of April—there was a desk there with an electric light over it—I generally went at 7 a.m., and used the electric light—I used to sleep in Mr. Thomas's room, and used to have the electric light—it burned all night, because I used to go off to sleep—the prisoner said I must not use that light, because it was going through the meter—there was a door through the wall into the workshop, and two cutters were put up there, so that the light should not go through the meter—he showed me how to put it on, but I never did so, because I was afraid, but I have seen both the Woods put it on, and another man, and the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240016"/>
<p>prisoner—I do not know anything about electricity—the prisoner had 12 lamps, but on an average six were burning up to about 11.30, when the work was going on—I remember an electric sign which was used for the Vienna Café about March—the prisoner told me that the lights after six o'clock were not paid for.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I wrote the prisoner a piteous letter, asking for assistance, and it was at my request I was taken on at 5s. a week—I was not dismissed from his service—I did not leave because there was some question about my drinking, but he mentioned to me that he thought so—I did put two letters into the wrong envelopes—I left because there was another Italiao, who did not speak English at all, and I thought the prisoner did not treat him very fair, and I left out of sympathy with him—the prisoner did not tell me how he got the electricity without paying for it, but he showed me—he was not there very much—he told me to turn the electric light out at night, because it was burning through the meter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-117" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-117" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN THOMAS</persName> </hi>. I am an engineer and a patent expert, of 53, Bloem
<lb/>fontein Avenue, Uxbridge—up to six weeks ago I carried on business in the prisoner's office, which was known as Mr. Thomas's room—I had told him, about the end or July or the beginning of August, 1898, that I was looking for a room—he offered me one, and I went there at the end of April or beginning of May—five or six lights were burnt there on an aver
<lb/>age, but I had nothing special to call my attention to it—I left my room locked, and found it broken open in January or February—I spoke to the prisoner about it—he said that he was obliged to break it open, because they came to look at the meter—I always put out the electric light when I went out, but I could not work without it, even on a bright day—I was seldom there 10 minutes at a time, but I was in and out all day—I had to go through the outer office and workshop—I have been there as late as 9 or 10, but I believe sometimes business went on all night, with every electric light burning, and, I believe, gas as well—I did not go there in the evening, but the prisoner has told me he was going to work all night—I said to him in July that the electric light must be very expensive—he said, "No, not as I get it"—I did not ask for an explani
<lb/>tion, as I knew nothing about electricity, and I considered that he had good ways of burning it—I have seen people in my room with the electric light on—I was at Bow Street on the two last hearings, and the prisoner asked me what I was there for—he asked me to go and have some dinner with him, and afterwards he asked me whether I was to give evidence—I said that I did not know—he said he hoped I would not, and on the last day he asked me why I had not been to see him, because he could put business in my way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not continuously occupy this room; I was in and I out—I left the door open after it had been burst open—five or six lights were burning in the daytime—I found the prisoner in the room one day waiting at the table; there was nothing extraordinary about that—I know that the contract between him and the company enabled him to get the light at two-thirds the price of an ordinary consumer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-118" type="surname" value="PEEK"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-118" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PEEK</persName> </hi>. I live at 13, Leicester Road, Barnsbury, and am a clerk to the prosecuting company—I was formerly a meter reader—on February</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240017"/>
<p>25th I took a reading of this meter—it was 085—that shows a consump
<lb/>tion of 70 units for that quarter—on June 2nd, 1898, I took another reading, which showed a consumption of 43 units, and on the 23rd of the same month I took another reading, and it was only 2 units—the first time I went I said that I wanted to see the meter, and I was shown it—when I went the second time I found the meter had been taken down—the prisoner said that he had taken it down, and it was in another room, and he took me to see it—on June 23rd I was kept waiting for a minute or two—I took the reading of Messrs. Haynian's meter, who are above—their consumption from December 30th to June 2nd was 126 units, and on June 23rd 220; that is 12 units.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross
<lb/>examined.</hi> I went on June 2nd because the general meter was going to be disconnected—I found it taken down—the prisoner showed it to me—I took a reading of it, and simply reported the fact to the company—I did not make any complaint.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-119" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-119" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>ALBERT EDWARD TURNER</persName> </hi>. I am a meter reader, of 46, Auckland Road, North Kensington—on June 26th, 1898, I took the reading of the pri
<lb/>soner's meter—then I could not get in, but I afterwards did through a window in Mr. Thomas's room—I did not see the prisoner—the con
<lb/>sumption from June 23rd was 54 unite—the next reading was on January 6th, 1899, when I found a further consumption of 50 units, and on March 24th 11 units—the prisoner, was there, but I did not speak to him—on May 4th I was tent to take a special reading, and found a further consump
<lb/>tion of 3 units; I spoke to the prisoner; he said that he had not used much—I tried the meter, and it did not work; I then tried it with two electric lamps, and it started—I made a report—the premises are very ill lighted by daylight—I took readings of Hayman's meter on January 12 th. (
<hi rend="italic">Beading the results on different dates.</hi>) On the different occasions when I examined the prisoner's meter I was kept waiting.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went direct into the workshop, and stated what I had come for, and in a few minutes I saw the meter—the door was locked once, but I had no difficulty after that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-120" type="surname" value="MIDDINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-120" type="given" value="FRANK JOHN"/>FRANK JOHN MIDDINGS</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Hayman, of 4 and 5, Warwick Court—he had 7 electric lights there, and 6 of them were burnt in the manufactory from 3 to 5 hours a day—there was the front office light and my own light about 3 hours, and the lamp against the door about 3 hours—the other lamps were not used much—my hours were from 9 to 4, and till 2 on Saturdays.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had no gas.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-121" type="surname" value="BRADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-121" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BRADLEY</persName> </hi>. I am senior inspector to the Gas Light and Coke Company—the prisoner is connected with that company—this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) is a list of the feet he was charged with.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have no complaint against the prisoner—he is still a customer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-122" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-122" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK OLIVER</persName> </hi>. I have been wireman to this company for 6 years—on May 10th I got instructions, and went to the prisoner's premises to see if the meter was in working order—I turned on the light, and it did not work—I put on a machine which I carry, and it worked—I discon
<lb/>nected it, anl it did not work—I looked round the place, and found this piece of wire brought from the wall on to a single
<lb/>wire tube about a foot</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240018"/>
<p>below—I tried the tube wire, and it cut the meter out—I also found that the lamp was not connected right to go through the meter at all, what I call the meter loop—no wire should be connected with a meter loop—there was no cover on the wires—it did not register the current that was used—the cut
<lb/>outs had no coverings on them—I reported to Mr. Gehardi, and went there with him next day, and the wire was removed, but I could see the bare wire—the meter and the lamps were all right, except Mr. Thomas's light; the key
<lb/>off was bare, and I insulated it, to prevent fire—I made a sketch, but I find now that it is wrong—on the 11th and 13th I went again, and made this model, without assistance from anyone—there was a hole like this on the premises; I cannot give any reason for that; it ought to have been covered—that represents the double pole cu
<lb/>tout, and it is 2 ft. from it to the wall; I did not measure it—the casing has no cover on it; that is not usual—there was a piece without any cover in Mr. Thomas's room—I also noticed that the bottom one was bare—on the 11th the meter started with one lamp—I did not remove any of the casing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave no notice on May 10th; I only asked to come in, and I got in without difficulty—I prepared the rough sketch used at the Police-court (No. 1), but not on the premises—I prepared this rough sketch (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) on the premises, but it does not represent what wasactually the case, because I did not remove any cases—I have not in my original sketch the hole cut out in the wire—there is in my rough sketch a single hole cut out on the meter loop, and it is also represented on my finished sketch—the single hole cut out on the model is on the wire which goes to the meter, not on the wire which comes from it—A indicates the point cut out, and B the return wire—our suggestion is that by coupling A with B, that cuts out the meter; A is supposed to be the single pole, but I only suggest that; it is pure conjecture—I do not understand testing meters at all; I tested it prior to starting, to see whether it worked by one lamp—I unsealed the box to do that, and after the operation I put it up again—the wire attached to the return wire was also attached to a bare wire on the wall; that was connected with a bare wire—this T
<lb/>piece was on the return wire the following day, and a gentleman suggested that it should be covered up, because of its liability to combus
<lb/>tion—this pole was uncovered when I went on May 10th, I could just see the wire—I did not trace it out—my sketch does not show any trace of a double pole
<lb/>cutter—I did not make the model which was produced at the Police-court, but it was made from my plan—this is not made according to scale.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I made this model myself, and it represents the state of things I saw—the hole is a little larger.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-123" type="surname" value="GEHARDI"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-123" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY WILLIAM"/>CHARLES HENRY WILLIAM GEHARDI</persName> </hi>. I have been in the service of the prosecuting company since 1889, and since 1891 I have been superin
<lb/>tendent of the electric testing department—the. meter supplied to the prisoner was 108104—that was put up on December 2nd, 1897—it was tested by one of our assistants on November 4th, 1897—this is my meter test
<lb/>book—it shows a very satisfactory test, much under the require
<lb/>ments of the London County Council—I received a report in May that the meter would not stand the test with 2 lamps, and on May 11th I went</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240019"/>
<p>with the other witness to the premises—this model agrees with the facts, I found, with the exception of the wire coining out of the casing, the hole was there, bat not the wire—the other part was connected in a regnlar and proper way—I examined the wire in Mr. Thomas's room, and found a wire connecting from the loop to the two top wires—it would not register the electricity consumed—I say that the current passed into Thomas's room did not pass through the meter—the return part of the meter loop was bare; the installation was stripped off—I tried the meter—the first lamp I used was the one in Thomas's room; that did not start; I used another, I cannot say which, and I then discovered that Thomas's lamp was not going through the meter—I should say at that time the disc was not impinging on the arm of the magnet, it was revolving in the ordinary way—if it touched, however lightly, it would not move with one lamp on—I said to the prisoner that that lamp was connected before it came to the meter, so that the meter was not connected—he said that he did not know it—it was not proposed to have the case uncovered, as it was in Mr. Thomas's room—I cannot see any reason for having this pole cut out, or for this hole being here—I made these seals myself last night, and handed them to Mr. Cubit, of the Thomson Meter Co.—I could not detect that they had been opened and the wires taken out and closed again—Mr. Thomson has put a ring on.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew of this little experiment being tried—the meter was tested before it left the company's office, more than 18 months ago, and the next time was by the London County Council inspectors after this question had arisen—there is no doubt that this was connected with the slow wire of the meter—this model does not show the T
<lb/>piece—it should be just inside the horizontal piece—if used for the experimental testing of lamps you would have to have two wires—supposing the meter was cut out of circuit, Thomas's lamp would light, supposing there had been a tapping of the wire in the way that Mr. Oliver's plan suggests—if the current was diverted at A on the wire to the meter, the lamp in Thomas's room would light, because it would come through another way—if Thomas's lamp was attached, and the current was diverted at A, without going through the meter, the lamp would light in the same way, but in a different direction—the meter would show that—going round the other way, Oliver could see whether the meter was working—it would work backwards—it would in a long period show on the registration dial—he would notice the disc revolving, in a reverse direction—I could not see the magnet under the disc, but I could tell by the rate of the revolution of the disc; it would move very slowly with one lamp—it was open to the company to seal the cutters; that is not commonly done with ordinary cutters; it is with a high tension main—the County Council test the meters, and this meter was tested by Mr. Rossiter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The company had no right to seal a rose cutter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-124" type="surname" value="ROSSITER"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-124" type="given" value="ARTHUR EDWARD"/>ARTHUR EDWARD ROSSITER</persName> </hi>. I am an inspector, under the Electric Lighting Act, employed by the London County Council; I have been so engaged since 1891—I was instructed on June 24th to take away a meter from the prisoner's premises, and communicated the fact to the prisoner by letter, and gave him notice of the time, June 28th—on June 28th I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240020"/>
<p>went to the premises, and found this meter (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>), and brought it away—I found the seals intact—I tried to start the meter with one lamp, but it would not start; lamps were added one by one, and it would not start then—the seals were then cut off, and I found the disc apparently touching the lower arm of the left
<lb/>hand magnet—I procured a screw, driver, and examined it; the pivot underneath flew back to a turn of a quarter—on screwing it up the meter began to work; the other lamps were turned out, and it worked with one lamp, and it was found to work within our limit—nothing was wrong after the jewel
<lb/>point was screwed up, and vibration would not shake it down then, but it would before—vibration would not cause it to go up again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was sealed when I got it—nobody could screw it up while it was sealed—if the screw was tight it would not come loose by long-continued vibration—if the disc was in contact with the magnet it would be unequal in its action—there was nothing to indicate that the seals had been tampered with, or the meter—I condemned the meter—it was good when it was adjusted; it registered within 2 1/2 points of accuracy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It would take a very small degree of graze to stop the meter with one lamp—I never knew a meter of this sort which would start with a single lamp if it grazed—I cannot say that these seals have been tampered with, but they do not generally have a ring round them in this way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-125" type="surname" value="CUBITT"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-125" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD STANNARD"/>ARCHIBALD STANNARD CUBITT</persName> </hi>. I am employed by the firm who supplied this meter—I have been exclusively employed in the meter department—on July 22nd I attended at the office of the London County Council, and inspected this meter, and found it perfect—it is not pro
<lb/>per for the copper disc to touch the magnet; if it begins to graze on the arm of the magnet it will not go back—it is not possible for vibration to send it up, and if it is properly set it will not go down—I have found Avhen working at the top of a building with machinery in motion that the vibration makes no difficulty, and I had one hammered for 33 minutes, and it had no effect—last night Mr. Rossiter made two seals in my presence, and I took' them home, took the wires out, sealed them up again, and put them in a handkerchief, so that if the seals had been on a meter I could have opened them, done what I liked, and sealed them up again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The meter was in perfect working order after it was adjusted—if it grazed I could not make it act by turning on one lamp—I found by lowering the jewel that it just touched the magnet, with one lamp on—I then tried two lamps, and it made no difference—the deviation would depend on the extent of the grazing—the tendency would be for the deviation to increase—if originally screwed up hard, vibration would not affect it, in my opinion—I do not think continuously applied vibration would be more effective than sudden—I used a handkerchief to one of the seals, and saw the grains of it—it was very roughly carried out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-126" type="surname" value="TODD"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-126" type="given" value="REGINALD THOMAS"/>REGINALD THOMAS TODD</persName> </hi>. I am chief engineer of this company, and a member of the Institute—I have had experience in electricity ever since I left school—I visited 5, Warwick Court, in June, but did not carefully examine the wires then—I went again on June 13th, and was refused admittance—after that, at the Magistrate's suggestion, I went again, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240021"/>
<p>was admitted, and made a careful examination—this model correctly represents ttie state of thing except this wire. (
<hi rend="italic">The witness here worked the model, showing how a lamp could be lighted through the fuse in the wall without the disc revolving.</hi>) I made apian of the wiring, which shows the same state of things as the model—it was possible to short circuit the meter and let all the lamps go on without registering—I took the state of the prisoner's meter on June 2nd, and it showed a consumption of 9 units, and another reading on June 13th, showing a consumption of 5 units—the reading on June 13th was 272.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Both the models were prepared under my directions, but the first one was prepared from a sketch by Oliver; that was incorrect in one particular—Oliver's model shows a single pole cutout on the wire to the meter—the theory then was that the cut
<lb/>off was from the central line—I say to
<lb/>day that the short circuit, cutting out the meter, it did not go through the meter at all—my plan No. 3, produced at the Police-court, shows another theoretical combination—this is an imaginary line from A to B; it does not represent any wire—I do not know that the prisoner suggested that one of his own engineers should be present; there were 2 or 3 gentlemen there—if the current was diverted, Thomas's lamp would light at Z only—I do not think that the disc would revolve in the opposite direction—we have 3 years' contracts at 5d. per unit, with 10 per cent, discount, and 5d. on agreement—we have tried to get 3 years' agree
<lb/>ments—this meter was in the room where Thomas's lamp was; therefore, that would be the first lamp tried to test the meter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have searched for any letter from the prisoner for an application to test the meter—supposing Mr. Oliver is right, and that the coupling up was made, Mr. Thomas's lamp would light if it was con
<lb/>nected in the way shown in the sketch, but the current would go through the meter in the reverse direction (
<hi rend="italic">showing it on the model</hi>)—that would not affect the dial.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. E. ROSSITER</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>); I took a reading of the meter on the premises; it was over 275—the candle
<lb/>power of these lamps is 120, and of Mr. Haman's 80.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I test thousands of meters in a year—this meter has not been approved by the Board of Trade.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, stated that he was an electrical engineer, and had been in England 18 years; that when he first occupied part of the basement at 4 and 5, Warwick Court, the electric installation was already there, and there was one master meter, for which the landlord was responsible, and subsidiary meters for the tenants, but that in March, 1898, he was in
<lb/>structed by Mr. Winter to connect a special wire from the basement, which he did, and after that each tenant paid separately; that afterwards, finding there was something wrong, he ashed the company to inspect the place, and Mr. Gehadi and others came, and said that there was a short circuit to Thomas's lamp, at which he expressed surprise, as he had not made it or directed it to be made; that he never told Sidney Wood or Banting that he got his light for nothing, or showed Sidney Wood how to short circuit the wires; that he did nothing to produce the stopping of the disc; that the fuse may have been put there by an apprentice; that Wood was telling an untruth when he said that he (the prisoner) disconnected the wire in the</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240022"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">morning, and put it on at night; that there was no truth in the suggestion that he had tampered with the seals of the meter; that he spent 3 hours there on the Sunday, preparing his defence; and that the meter was stop
<lb/>ping then, having stopped on the Saturday, and on the Monday he tele
<lb/>graphed to Mr. Allen to say so, and that he used the T
<lb/>pieee to experiment with Arc lamps.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-127" type="surname" value="ALLOM"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-127" type="given" value="EDWIN CRESWELL"/>EDWIN CRESWELL ALLOM</persName> </hi>. I am an electrical engineer, of Hatton Garden—I was called about the end of May to examine the plan prepared by Mr. Collins, and the model—I found them to be inaccurate—I found no indication of any wire represented by this blue line in Plan 2—that would have been obvious to anybody making proper observation—there is also a representation of these 3 points, X, Y, and Z, on the model; they represent the wire in Thomas's room—my view of it is that the peelings are exactly the same age as those on the wire, and are quite of recent date—they were bright—it is a very common thing for meters not to record faithfully—it was a good meter after it had been adjusted—I was present on June 27th, when Mr. Rossiter set the meter, and I agree with him as to the falling of the screw which retained the jewel
<lb/>point—the constant vibration would make it shift, and there would be no indication of the meter having been tampered with—constant vibration would have more effect in causing that than a sudden shock—there were indications of the force of vibration; the meter was in a place where people were continually going in and out, and the prisoner had a lathe and other things which would cause vibration—I saw a T
<lb/>piece that should be below this point—it would be much easier for the T
<lb/>piece to be cut out, and then it would not cut off the meter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> That would not in any way account for the meter not registering with all these lamps on—even if the screw were loose, the currents would not be registered on the meter, because that current was not moving as quickly as it ought; it might wobble, and get against the pole of the magnet; it was binding, and one lamp started it—I conclude from that that the meter was not in order, and that there was some obstruction—if the disc happened to stop, the lamp would not set it going again; I should have put the blame down to the meter—I have not come here to be bullied—if the meter was not moving, I should conclude that there was something wrong with it—if I found a wire here I should have traced the other end of it before I came to a conclusion—I did not suggest be
<lb/>fore the Magistrate that vibration would make the screw move up—part of my evidence is omitted; I was not talking of the screw with the disc, but a screw with the nut, and in that case no doubt it would be down
<lb/>wards—I do not know what would cause it to move up—I explained that there was no lock
<lb/>nut, and any vibration against it would cause it to go up or down, probably down—the prisoner summoned me on June 26th, saying, "Will you come and see my meter? it has stopped," and when I got there one or two lamps were burning—he said, "I want you to look at my meter; I came here on Sunday, and it had stopped"—he told me that it was not registering that morning, and that it was not registering on Sunday.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It might rest and go on again—there might be a wobbling during the revolution, and if it happened to stop it would take</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240023"/>
<p>more current to start the meter again—I examined all the wires on the day before the examination at Bow Street, and found nothing to account for the meter not working properly—I did not know that there was any
<lb/>thing wrong till I examined it—I made no request on June 13th that the cover should be removed, nor did the others in my presence—I do not think it is true that it did not act, but it acted irregularly—it stopped, and it did not go on again till Mr. Rossiter examined the screw—he told me that it stopped on Sunday—he called on the Monday and said, "I came here on Sunday, and found the meter had stopped," and it was still stopping on the Monday, but he said, "When I came on Monday it was going"—as I said yesterday, the disc was not moving perfectly horizontally, it was wobbling—that would not be seen till the disc was taken off—a sudden vibration given to it might cause it to go on again, and some vibrations might jerk the disc up—such a thing might happen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COX</hi> This point where the T
<lb/>piece is, isjoined to the return wire, that is properly indicated on this board—the covered wire attached to the T
<lb/>piece might be used for experimental purposes with an arc lamp—they would join, I think, at the top cut
<lb/>out, which is on the other pole.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">R. T. TODD</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). When I went to the prisoner's on June 2nd I took the state of the meter in the usual way, and there was no possible sign of the disc fouling the magnet—I looked at it when it was revolving—it made 3 or 4 revolutions, and was not touching the magnet—I tested the meter with the prisoner's lamp—I first removed the cover; I cut the seals and resealed it—I took a lamp and put it across these two points, and the lamp lit and the meter revolved—that is a portable lamp which I carry for testing meters, because the meter is often in a dark position, and I wanted to be sure that the current was going through that wire and no other one—that was admittedly en the short circuit, and I had that taken off—there were about two lamps, but the meter worked in any case—I looked at the disc, and saw that the meter was absolutely in working order.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. E. ROSSITER</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). When I examined the meter I found the disc on the left
<lb/>hand magnet, and the jewel
<lb/>screw loose—the disc was not true.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-128" type="surname" value="NICHOLSON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-128" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY W. NICHOLSON</persName> </hi>. I am a partner in the firm of Farrar and Co., of 24, Cheapside, solicitors—we act for the landlord of 4 and 5, War
<lb/>wick Court—I was informed that the original arrangement for the supply of electricity was through a master meter—I told the company that our client claimed the electric rent from the tenants—I objected to that, and instructed the prisoner to fix the light so that it lighted the door and passage only, and I got an estimate from him—that involved a fresh cable, and I told each tenant to make his own arrangements with the company, and gave the prisoner notice that I should cut off his light.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not instruct him to move the meter, but I told him that all the tenants would be cut off, so that they should not pay through my meter—I left it entirely to him how the work was to be done.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-129" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-129" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BRYANT</persName> </hi>. I have had 20 years' experience in the electrical</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240024"/>
<p>profession, and have been employed in important engagements—I have heard Mr. Allom's evidence, and made myself familiar with this model—the T-piece is to obtain a current for testing purposes; it is very common to make arrangements, which would not be wanted by a consumer—if there had been a wire from the double pole cutter to the single pole cutters, that would be obvious—apart from the T-piece, if there had been any wire, anybody making an examination would be able to discover it—there was no indication of such a wire when I went there—I took down the casing myself to see where the wires came from, and I made this hole at the top myself—the pole was not visible till I removed the casing—the T-piece was visible—the disc is made of sheet copper, and it is exceedingly unlikely to remain true if it was knocked about; it might touch at one point and not at another, and if it stopped, by putting on a stronger current it might move off the point again; or a jar might do it, as it was in the workshop—they do not use that on Sunday, but the meter was fixed underneath the passage, and there was traffic in and out—all the meters in London do not go wrong, because they are not all of this sort, but they are all liable to do so—this meter was not approved by the Board of Trade.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I suggest that the meter was fixed on an interior wall; it is not a wooden partition—I never saw a wall that was not subject to vibration—the basement of a building is the least subject to vibration—I have never seen one of these discs in Thomson's meters which was actually true—this disc (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) does not run true, but it is much more true than the one in the model—if this disc was running absolutely clear of the magnet on June 2nd, I see no reason why it should not register true—vibration might lower it, but not raise it—finding nothing in the wiring to cause a short circuit, I formed the opinion that the meter was wrong—I was looking on on June 13th,. and I never asked to have it unsealed, that I and my fellow experts might see it—the whole cover was short 3/8 of an inch, so that, if not so deep as the hole, it was broader—I could not see the two wires through the hole without getting on the steps—they were twisted up in a very unworkman like manner—they did not protrude; they were visible to any person in the room,'but not very noticeable—there were two wires sticking through, but no bare ends—it was a small hole, just such as you would make for connecting a lamp about 1/4 of an inch, just sufficient to admit the wire—no person could mistake the one for the other—when I examined it no wire was sticking through, but the wires were there; the whole thing was put up very badly—it would take 10 minutes to connect a wire along this casing and put it through in the way Mr. Oliver says, because the hole through the wall was only small—these wires being bunched up, made it difficult to trace them—an expert would not trace the wires without taking off the casing—I am not surprised that Oliver made a mistake, he ought to have called the prisoner, the person who was most likely to contradict him, if it was true.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Oliver's mistake was that he suggested that there was a single pole cut
<lb/>out on the wires of the meter—if he saw that the meter had stopped it was a very simple thing to take the cover off—there were not three wires—I traced the two wire, and found that they were</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240025"/>
<p>harmless wires—the hole was simply due to bad workmanship; it was absolutely unnecessary—the casing did not go up to the ceiling, and apparently no hole was made.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He says that he did use a wire through that hole for the purpose of an arc lamp—anybody who says that they saw a wire coming through that hole must be mistaken.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">F. BRYANT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I can account for the meter going on again when stopped by something wrong with the disc if it received a very slight jar; the plate may have rested on the magnet with its whole weight, or with very slight pressure—that might happen many times.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-529-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-529-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-529-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t18990724-529-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-529-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-529-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-529-18990724 t18990724-529-punishment-31"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, July</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-530">
<interp inst="t18990724-530" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-530" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-530-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-530-18990724 t18990724-530-offence-1 t18990724-530-verdict-1"/>
<p> 530.
<persName id="def1-530-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-530-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-530-18990724" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="def1-530-18990724" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS ANDREWS</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18990724-530-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-530-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-530-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>Unlawfully obtaining credit from
<persName id="t18990724-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-131" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-131" type="given" value="JOHN JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-530-offence-1 t18990724-name-131"/>John Joseph Walker</persName> and others for £306 12s. 4 1/2 d. and other sums, without informing them he was an undischarged bankrupt.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OVEREND</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-530-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-530-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-530-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-531">
<interp inst="t18990724-531" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-531" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-531-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-531-18990724 t18990724-531-offence-1 t18990724-531-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-531-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-531-18990724 t18990724-531-offence-1 t18990724-531-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-531-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-531-18990724 t18990724-531-offence-1 t18990724-531-verdict-1"/>
<p> 531.
<persName id="def1-531-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-531-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-531-18990724" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-531-18990724" type="surname" value="LEDBOROUGH"/>
<interp inst="def1-531-18990724" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD LEDBOROUGH</hi> (25)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-531-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-531-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-531-18990724" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-531-18990724" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-531-18990724" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WESTON</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def3-531-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-531-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-531-18990724" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def3-531-18990724" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="def3-531-18990724" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SHAW</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-531-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-531-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-531-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t18990724-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-135" type="surname" value="CROCKHART"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-135" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-531-offence-1 t18990724-name-135"/>Emma Crockhart</persName>, with intent to rob her.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEICESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-136" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-136" type="surname" value="CROCKHART"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-136" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA CROCKHART</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, aged 74—on the afternoon of June 26th, in the Victoria Park Road, the three prisoners threw me down and tried to get my watch—I had a pin fastening it to my dress—the chain and glass broke—I was frightened, and screamed out as well as I could—I was taken home, and had to have a doctor—I had a bruise over my left eye, which was bleeding dreadfully—I also received several bruises on my leg.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Ledborough.</hi> I cannot tell who picked me up—I was too frightened to look at anybody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-137" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-137" type="surname" value="STEPHENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-137" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH STEPHENSON</persName> </hi>. I am married—on June 26th I was at the corner of St. Thomas's Road and Victoria Park Road between 4 and 4.30 p.m.—I heard shouting—I turned round and saw the prosecutrix on the ground, and the three prisoners—Weston and Ledborough were going away "on the trot," between a walk and a run—Shaw was picking her up—I chased Weston two miles—I saw him brought back—I recognised Led
<lb/>borough afterwards—I have no doubt of their identity—I identified Ledborough at the Police-station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Ledborough.</hi> You did not pick the old lady up—I was about 100 yards away from you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Weston.</hi> I never forget a face, and I had a good look at you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-138" type="surname" value="SPENCER"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-138" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN SPENCER</persName> </hi>. I am a coachman—on the afternoon of June 26tb I was driving a pair
<lb/>horse van along Victoria Park Road—I saw the old lady on the ground—Weston was standing on the kerb 5 or 6 yards from</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240026"/>
<p>her; Ledborough was close by her—she had one hand on the ground—when I got closer she was upon her feet—Ledborough and Weston were running away then—Weston was a little before the other—a constable caught Weston—when I first gave the alarm I was at the corner of Victoria Park Road—one constable blew his whistle, and another gave chase—I lost sight of Weston only when he was turning the corner, but saw him running again—I recognised Ledborough at the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Ledborough.</hi> I was 60 or 70 yards from the woman—I whipped my horses up, to go after you and Weston—I was 100 yards off you—I went 10 miles an hour after I saw you—I eased up to speak to a woman—she put up her hand—I saw you standing over the old lady.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-139" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-139" type="given" value="OCTAVIUS GEORGE WILLIAM"/>OCTAVIUS GEORGE WILLIAM FREEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a traveller—I was riding in Spencer's van—the old lady was partly on the ground, struggling, when the noise of the van disturbed the prisoners—I saw her pet up—I could recognise Ledborough from a thousand as one of the men—the driver whipped up the horses and went 10 miles an hour—we never lost sight of them—I saw Weston caught, and Ledborough being brought back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Weston.</hi> Ledborough and you looked at me, and yours is a face I should never forget.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Before the Magistrat I said, "Ledborough and Weston stood over her"—that is correct.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-140" type="surname" value="BILLINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-140" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BILLINGTON</persName> </hi> (403
<hi rend="italic">J</hi>). On the afternoon of June 26th I was on duty near Victoria Park Road; I heard a whistle, and ran in the direction of the sound—I saw a large crowd, another officer, and Weston running down King Edward Road, at some distance—I hailed a cat's-meat cart, and went after him—I caught him in St. Thomas's Square; he was exhausted—he said, "Let me get my wind"—I said, "Never mind about your wind; you will have to come with me"—I took him back—on the way he said, "It was a public-house
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> with a lot of men over 3d., and I am not going to pay for other people's losses"—at the station the pro
<lb/>secutrix identified Ledborough and Weston.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Weston.</hi> I chased you two miles—I took up the chase three-quarters of a mile from the place of assault.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-141" type="surname" value="ALLAM"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-141" type="given" value="THOMAS CHARLES"/>THOMAS CHARLES ALLAM</persName> </hi>. I am a carman—on tha afternoon of June 26th I was driving a van in the Broadway, South Hackney—I saw Led
<lb/>borough on my left, with people after him and shouting—I drove after him, and I caught him in Morpeth Road, when he turned and came back towards me—I jumped down and said I wanted him to come back to the Broadway—he said, "What do you want me to come back for?"—I said, "I don't know; what are you running for?"—he said, "I am running for my tea"—I said, "You look like it, being fully blown as you are"—he was taken by the sergeant—twice he said he would go no further unless we told him what we wanted him for—I said, "You will have to come," and kept hold of him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Ledborough.</hi> A woman walked by your side, but did not have hold of you—I heard the hue and cry between 4 and 4.15 p.m., as near as I can judge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-142" type="surname" value="RAWBONES"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-142" type="given" value="PHILLIP"/>PHILLIP RAWBONES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant, 34 J</hi>). Ledborough was handed into my custody by Allam—I took him to the prosecutrix, who said, "That is one of the men who robbed me"—the prisoner said, "I have done</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240027"/>
<p>nothing; do you think I would have come back like this if I had?"—Allam held him—I took him to the station—he was charged, and made no answer—he gave an address 32, Goring Street, London Fields—he could get home that way—if he was hurrying home for his tea he would be running away from it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Ledborough.</hi> Your nearest way would be through Victoria Park Road—you could go through the Hackney Road, but it would be much farther round.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-143" type="surname" value="HARROWDINE"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-143" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK HARROWDINE</persName> </hi> (86
<hi rend="italic">J</hi>). On the evening of June 27th, from a description I received, I followed Shaw, and arrested him in a back room at 33, Goring Street, next door to a lodging-house—I told him he answered the description of a man wanted—he said, "All right; I will go to the station with you, but I know nothing at all about it"—I took him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Ledborough, in his defence, stated that he picked the prosecutrix up, and then ran away, because he did not want to be implicated; and Weston stated he was running away from a public-house row.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHAW</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-531-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-531-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-531-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEDBOROUGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WESTON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-531-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-531-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-531-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">They then Pleaded Guilty to a conviction at Clerkenwell, in November, 1897.—
<rs id="t18990724-531-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-531-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-531-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-531-18990724 t18990724-531-punishment-32"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-531-18990724 t18990724-531-punishment-32"/>Eight Years' Penal Servitude each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-532">
<interp inst="t18990724-532" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-532" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-532-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-532-18990724 t18990724-532-offence-1 t18990724-532-verdict-1"/>
<p> 532.
<persName id="def1-532-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-532-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-532-18990724" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-532-18990724" type="surname" value="WADHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-532-18990724" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WADHAM</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">otherwise</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-532-18990724 t18990724-alias-3"/>GEORGE DEWING</rs> </hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-532-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-532-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-532-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t18990724-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-145" type="surname" value="SOLOMON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-145" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-532-offence-1 t18990724-name-145"/>Morris Solomon</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEWART</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-146" type="surname" value="SOLOMON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-146" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>MORRIS SOLOMON</persName> </hi>. I live at 21, Cotton Street, Mile End Road, and am a jeweller's assistant—on June 26th I was talking to Samuel Wolf. when a crowd attracted my attention—the prisoner passed me—shortly afterwards I saw a scramble, and I ran to the corner—I heard the report of a revolver, and saw a flash about 10 or 12, yards away—I heard a second report, and felt myself struck—I was taken to the hospital—I subsequently, after looking at him suspiciously, being dazed, picked him out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I am sure you are the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-147" type="surname" value="WOLF"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-147" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL WOLF</persName> </hi>. I am a cycle
<lb/>maker, of 446, Commercial Road East—I was standing with Solomon, a little after 10 pan. on June 26th—a crowd passed, and I was struck with a piece of iron on the back of my head—I was at the hospital about 20 minutes, and afterwards attended as an out
<lb/>patient—after I was struck I heard two reports.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-148" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-148" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH LEVY</persName> </hi>. I am 14 years old, and live at 13, Raven Street, with my parents—my father keeps a cabyard—on June 26th I was standing there with my mother—some roughs came and pushed my uncle, Phillip Levy, against the wall—I said, "Be careful what you are doing"—there was a scramble, and my uncle was struck with a belt—I saw the prisoner waving his hand about—he had a revolver like this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) in his hand—after that I heard shouts, and saw flashes—Solomon said he was shot, and was taken to the hospital—I identified the prisoner at Arbour Square Police-station from some constables in a row.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was behind my father—Phillip Levy dodged down, and the shot caught Solomon.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240028"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-149" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-149" type="given" value="PHILLIP"/>PHILLIP LEVY</persName> </hi>. I live at 6, Mount Street—I am Joseph Levy's uncle—on June 26th I was standing by the cab-yard railings about 10 p.m.—a crowd of about 20 roughs came—two or three of them knocked into us—I asked them to be careful where they were going—I saw Wolf struck on his head with something—afterwards a piece of copper wire was found—the roughs ran away; I ran after them—when we got, to the corner one came behind Joseph Levy and struck him with a belt, and pushed me—I picked the prisoner out as one of the roughs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-150" type="surname" value="WATERS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-150" type="given" value="DONALD"/>DONALD WATERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector, J</hi>). On June 26th, a little after 10 p.m., I heard a whistle in Whitechapel Road—I saw the prisoner running, followed by a number of persons—I gave chase—after running about 100 yards in Ivy Lane, Friday Street, Bath Street, I overtook him in Bath Passage—we struggled—a constable came to my assistance—he continued to struggle, and kicked me in the leg, but did not hurt me much—other roughs got round—he was conveyed to Bethnal Green Police-station by two constables—he was asked his name and address; he gave his name—Frost (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 252) handed me this revolver, which he said the prisoner had given to him—I found that one chamber had been, recently discharged; there were three cartridges and two empty chambers—it is a cheap, bad weapon, and the guard has gone—these are the cartridges; they drop out—I received a telegram from Arbour Square that two men were there with wounds, and I told him he would have to go with me to Arbour Square, as two men had been shot—on the way he said, "You say two men have been shot; how can that be when I only iired one shot?"—at Arbour Square he was placed with nine other men, where three of the witnesses picked him out—when charged he said, "I got the revolver from a
<hi rend="italic">pal</hi>, you shan't know who; I got it to do what I have done, and I have done what I wanted to do with it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-151" type="surname" value="HALLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-151" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT HALLETT</persName> </hi> (459
<hi rend="italic">J</hi>). On June 26th, a little after 10 p.m., I was in Whitechapel Road, and heard a whistle—I saw the prisoner running in the direction of Friday Street—I chased him about 150 yards, when he was arrested by the chief inspector.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-152" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-152" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR FROST</persName> </hi> (252
<hi rend="italic">J</hi>). I assisted the inspector to take the prisoner to the station—on the way he repeatedly tried to get his hands in his pocket, and I put my hand there—he said, "You have no business to put your hand in my pocket"—I kept his hand up till he said, "Let go," and pulled this revolver out of his pocket, and said, "I might as well give it to you"—I handed it to the inspector.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-153" type="surname" value="WALDRON"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-153" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS WALDRON</persName> </hi>. I am a qualified medical practitioner—on June 26th I received Solomon and Wolf at the London Hospital about 10 p.m.—I see casualty cases—there was on the right side of Solomon's head a small round wound, with bruised edges, going down to the skull in the right temporal region—the bone was bared, but not fractured—the wound may have been caused by these cartridges—I cannot say what caused the wound on the other man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, said that the Whitechapel boys were fighting the Stepney boys; that one took his cap, and he said he would have his own back.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-532-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-532-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-532-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then Pleaded Guilty to a conviction of felony at Clerken-well, in August, 1896. Three other convictions were proved against him</hi>;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240029"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">and he was said to be an associate of thieves.—
<rs id="t18990724-532-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-532-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-532-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-532-18990724 t18990724-532-punishment-33"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-533">
<interp inst="t18990724-533" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-533" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-533-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-533-18990724 t18990724-533-offence-1 t18990724-533-verdict-1"/>
<p> 533.
<persName id="def1-533-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-533-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-533-18990724" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-533-18990724" type="surname" value="DEMPSEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-533-18990724" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM DEMPSEY</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-533-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-533-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-533-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18990724-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-155" type="surname" value="DELANEY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-155" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-533-offence-1 t18990724-name-155"/>Michael Delaney</persName>, and stealing two watches, a chain and locket, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ARMSTRONG</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-156" type="surname" value="DELANEY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-156" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL DELANEY</persName> </hi>. I am a coffee-house
<lb/>keeper, of 96, Vallence Road, East—I was in Vallence Road on April 17th, a few minutes after 10 p.m., with Mr. Dennis—we had been drinking—I was accosted by the prisoner and half
<lb/>a
<lb/>dozen more—I was knocked to the ground—I tried to rise, but got
<hi rend="italic">n</hi> kick at the back of my head, and was knocked senseless with a stick—when I opened my eyes I found three men rifling my pockets—they took two watches, a gold chain and a gold locket, value about £4 10s.—the one who struck me is in prison.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross
<lb/>examined by the prisoner.</hi> I identified Chapman—my friend, who only drank small lemons, stood over me with a stick to keep you away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-157" type="surname" value="DENNIS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-157" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DENNIS</persName> </hi>. I am a builder, of 44, Coventry Street, East—I was with Delaney, whom I have known about 5 years, in Vallence Road—when near the workhouse the prosecutor was thrown on the ground, and I struck the prisoner with a stick—I got a blow on my mouth, and the pri
<lb/>soner took the stick, and three men hustled me; the prisoner was one another was a man who is doing 18 months; and the other cannot be found—they said, "Murder the man!"—I said to the prosecutor, "Have you lost anything?"—he said, "I have lost two watches and a chain"—I said to the prisoner, "Give me my stick"—he said, "You will get nothing"—a crowd came round—I picked the prisoner out about 11.30 on Saturday night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had been with Delaney all day—we had both been drinking—I had had enough to recognise you—we had small lemons be
<lb/>tween to keep ourselves right, so as not to become quarrelsome—I am deaf from the blow I got on my ear from the man who is doing 18 months.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-158" type="surname" value="HANDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-158" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT HANDLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, J</hi>). I arrested the prisoner on June 24th, about 8.30 a.m.—I said I wanted him for being concerned with Charles Chapman and another man not in custody in assaulting Michael Delaney on April 17th, and stealing two watches and a chain, value £4 10s.—he said, "All right; I suppose I have got to go when my turn comes as well as the others"—he was taken to the Police-station, put with nine others and identified—he made no reply to the charge—Chapman was sentenced to 18 months and 20 lashes on May 8th by the Recorder.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not answer me, "I suppose I must go; I do not know"—I made a note at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, stated that he could not recollect where he was three months ago, but as the prosecutor was drunk, he ought not to be convicted on such unsubstantial evidence, when probably there was a mis Lake.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-533-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-533-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-533-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then Pleaded Guilty to a conviction of felony at Clerkenwell in August, 1896; and five other convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18990724-533-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-533-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-533-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-533-18990724 t18990724-533-punishment-34"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour</rs> and
<rs id="t18990724-533-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-533-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-533-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-533-18990724 t18990724-533-punishment-35"/>Twenty Strokes with the Cat</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-534">
<interp inst="t18990724-534" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-534" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-534-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-534-18990724 t18990724-534-offence-1 t18990724-534-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240030"/>
<p>534.
<persName id="def1-534-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-534-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-534-18990724" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-534-18990724" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-534-18990724" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WILLIAM ABBOTT</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-534-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-534-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-534-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18990724-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-160" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-160" type="surname" value="BUSBY"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-160" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-534-offence-1 t18990724-name-160"/>Florence Busby</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-534-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-534-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-534-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-534-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-534-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-534-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-534-18990724 t18990724-534-punishment-36"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Friday, July</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Ridley.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-535">
<interp inst="t18990724-535" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-535" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-535-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-535-18990724 t18990724-535-offence-1 t18990724-535-verdict-1"/>
<p> 535.
<persName id="def1-535-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-535-18990724" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="def1-535-18990724" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-535-18990724" type="surname" value="POOK"/>
<interp inst="def1-535-18990724" type="given" value="ELLIO"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLIO POOK</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-535-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-535-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-535-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Carnally knowing
<persName id="t18990724-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-162" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-162" type="surname" value="OBEROTH"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-162" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-535-offence-1 t18990724-name-162"/>Florence Oberoth</persName> and
<persName id="t18990724-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-163" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-163" type="surname" value="OBEROTH"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-163" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-535-offence-1 t18990724-name-163"/>Elizabeth Oberoth</persName>, girls, under the age of 13 years.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-535-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-535-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-535-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-535-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-535-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-535-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-535-18990724 t18990724-535-punishment-37"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-536">
<interp inst="t18990724-536" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-536" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-536-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-536-18990724 t18990724-536-offence-1 t18990724-536-verdict-1"/>
<p> 536.
<persName id="def1-536-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-536-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-536-18990724" type="surname" value="TYNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-536-18990724" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES TYNE</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18990724-536-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-536-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-536-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> Rape on
<persName id="t18990724-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-165" type="surname" value="NETHERCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-165" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-536-offence-1 t18990724-name-165"/>Elizabeth Nethercott</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-536-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-536-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-536-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-536-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-536-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-536-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-536-18990724 t18990724-536-punishment-38"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ESSEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-537">
<interp inst="t18990724-537" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-537" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-537-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-537-18990724 t18990724-537-offence-1 t18990724-537-verdict-1"/>
<p> 537.
<persName id="def1-537-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-537-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-537-18990724" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-537-18990724" type="surname" value="RESTALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-537-18990724" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES RESTALL</hi> (27)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-537-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-537-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-537-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990724-537-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-537-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-537-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> unlawfully taking an unmarried girl, aged 16, out of her parents' custody, and carnally knowing her.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-537-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-537-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-537-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-537-18990724 t18990724-537-punishment-39"/>Two Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-538">
<interp inst="t18990724-538" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-538" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-538-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-538-18990724 t18990724-538-offence-1 t18990724-538-verdict-1"/>
<p> 538.
<persName id="def1-538-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-538-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-538-18990724" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="def1-538-18990724" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY COX</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18990724-538-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-538-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-538-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Stealing a box and 201b. of tobacco of the
<persName id="t18990724-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-168" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-538-offence-1 t18990724-name-168"/>London and Tilbury Lighterage Company, Limited</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-169" type="surname" value="MELVIN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-169" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MELVIN</persName> </hi>. I am a tally clerk—on July 11th, between 4 and 5 p.m., I was on Quay No. 24, Royal Albert Docks—the barge Ada was being loaded, and the prisoner was in charge of her, checking the cases of tobacco lowered into her—I examined them before they were lowered—they were fastened with iron bands, and it was not easy to undo them—they were very strong cases, and boxes inside them—No. 62 was damaged, and I heard Cox call out that it required to be re
<lb/>coopered, as it was ullaged, and I sent for a cooper—it was broken at the head, but not enough to enable a box to be taken out—it had been on board 10 minutes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>. I have seen the prisoner working there 3 months—the boxes were going to New Zealand—directly Cox called out, the box went back on the sling—I take the numbers as they come, 4 at a time, but they do not come consecutively—this case must have been opened and the case taken out and fastened down again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I check the marks and numbers of each box.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-170" type="surname" value="SHEVLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-170" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SHEVLIN</persName> </hi>. I am Examiner of Customs at the Royal Albert Docks—I was on duty there on July 11th, and Cox came from the
<hi rend="italic">Ada</hi> and said, "There is a case broken, and I want it examined"—I gave my consent, and Case 62 was re
<lb/>landed—the lid had been prised open and put down again, but it might have been damaged by falling on the end—I examined the contents, and one box was missing—Cox was there—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240031"/>
<p>said, "This box must go into the hold of the ship or barge"—I asked the clerk how long the case had been in the shed—he said, "It came out of the ship to
<lb/>day; it has not been in the shed"—they are invariably put in the shed—Cox said, "It is not in my barge," and I followed him—he pointed to the wrong barge first—I went on to it, and saw Cox going into the cabin of the
<hi rend="italic">Ada</hi>—I said, "The box is in here"—he said, "It is not"—I said, "You had better search," and asked for a match—he was sitting at the entrance of the cabin, and I said, "You had better get up!"—he did so, and I found this box behind him—I could not see it while he was sitting down—I said, "Take it up; I shall charge you;"and took him to the station—it gave me the impression that it was put there to evade the duty, which was 5s. 10d., for the 2 1b., £5 18s. 7d. altogether.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Other people had access to the barge—he said, "I know nothing about it; I was out of the barge some time; it must have been done when I was absent"—it would take 5 minutes to go from the barge to the Ashburton Coffee Palace, and 5 minutes back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-171" type="surname" value="TREW"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-171" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS TREW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Dock Detective</hi>), On July 11th I saw Cox in the dock at the Police-office, at 5.30, and said, "Where did this box come from?"—he said, "This box has been in my charge in the cabin of the barge."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> What he said was, "It was found in the barge cabin which I was in charge of"—other persons, Kennard and Mason, were em
<lb/>ployed on the barge, but they were not there that day—the iron bands went right over the lid.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. SHEVLIN</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The iron bands went over the lid like a wire, and if the nails were drawn out the iron would come off—I do not know whether they were drawn out, but it would be difficult—I do not think a man could do it in less than 5 minutes—two other men were em
<lb/>ployed on board, I do not know whether they are here—one man would receive the cases as they came down on the sling—I do not think the case could be opened by either of those men without the prisoner's know
<lb/>ledge—there was another barge alongside, the
<hi rend="italic">Shanghai</hi>, so it is quite possible the box might have been taken out of the
<hi rend="italic">Shanghai.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-538-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-538-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-538-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-539">
<interp inst="t18990724-539" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-539" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-539-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-539-18990724 t18990724-539-offence-1 t18990724-539-verdict-1"/>
<p> 539.
<persName id="def1-539-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-539-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-539-18990724" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-539-18990724" type="surname" value="BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-539-18990724" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BRIEN</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-539-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-539-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-539-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18990724-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-173" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-173" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-173" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-539-offence-1 t18990724-name-173"/>Mary Smith</persName>, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm</rs>.
<rs id="t18990724-539-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-539-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-539-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="italic">He stated that he was Guilty of unlawfully wounding, and the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found that verdict</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990724-539-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-539-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-539-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-539-18990724 t18990724-539-punishment-40"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-540">
<interp inst="t18990724-540" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-540" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-540-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-540-18990724 t18990724-540-offence-1 t18990724-540-verdict-1"/>
<p> 540.
<persName id="def1-540-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-540-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-540-18990724" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-540-18990724" type="surname" value="MASTERTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-540-18990724" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED MASTERTON</hi> (48)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-540-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-540-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-540-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a watch, the property of
<persName id="t18990724-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-175" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-175" type="given" value="JOHN JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-540-offence-1 t18990724-name-175"/>John Joseph Smith</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-176" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-176" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-176" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Joseph Smith, of 81, Dale Road, West Ham—on March 30th my husband's silver watch wanted repair—I took it to Mrs. Hamann's shop, and left it with the prisoner, who said that I was to call for it on Saturday—I did so, and he said that it was not done, but if I called in the evening it might be ready—I called, and he said that it was not done—I called again a week later, but did not see him—on June 1st I saw the watch at Mr. Hall's—this is it.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240032"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-177" type="surname" value="BLOWES"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-177" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BLOWES</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Joseph Edgar Hall, pawnbroker, of 177, East India Dock Road—I produce this watch; it was pawned on April 1st for Annie Marsh—it had not been redeemed when the prisoner was taken in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-178" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-178" type="surname" value="MILLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-178" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>MINNIE MILLARD</persName> </hi>. I am Mrs. Hamann's sister—the prisoner has been 15 months in her service as a watchmaker and jeweller—he had no right to pawn anything he had to repair—after he left I went to 4, Ashburton Road, and saw his wife, whom I knew—she gave me 8 pawn
<lb/>tickets; this is one of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-179" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-179" type="surname" value="HAMANN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-179" type="given" value="GERTRUDE"/>GERTRUDE HAMANN</persName> </hi>. I am a watchmaker and jeweller, of 47, Rathbone Street, Canning Town—the prisoner was in my service up to April this year as a watchmaker, at a salary of 27s.—it was his duty to take in watches and repair them, but he had no right to take them off the premises or to pawn them—he left without notice; he had been paid—on June 15th my sister brought him into the shop, and I gave him in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-180" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-180" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WATTS</persName> </hi> (781
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). On June 15th, about 10 p.m., Mrs. Hamann gave the prisoner into my custody for stealing watches—he said, "I have stolen no watches; it is all lies"—I heard him charged with stealing Mrs. Smith's watch—he said, "Well, I did pawn that watch."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-181" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-181" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE REED</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). On June 23rd I was at West Ham Police-court, and the witness Blowes pointed out the prisoner as the per
<lb/>son who had pawned the watch—I saw the prisoner's wife, and have seen their marriage certificate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>: I went away; I did not run away—there were some tickets before this—I had no idea of depriving the prosecutrix of the watch.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-182" type="surname" value="HAMANN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-182" type="given" value="GERTRUDE"/>GERTRUDE HAMANN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). These watches were not pawned by the prisoner for me, or by my authority.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-540-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-540-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-540-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">The prosecutrix stated the prisoner had pawned 29 watches, some gold earrings and other articles. There were two similar indictments against him.—
<rs id="t18990724-540-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-540-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-540-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-540-18990724 t18990724-540-punishment-41"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-541">
<interp inst="t18990724-541" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-541" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-541-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-541-18990724 t18990724-541-offence-1 t18990724-541-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-541-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-541-18990724 t18990724-541-offence-1 t18990724-541-verdict-1"/>
<p> 541.
<persName id="def1-541-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-541-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-541-18990724" type="surname" value="PURKISS"/>
<interp inst="def1-541-18990724" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH PURKISS</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-541-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-541-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-541-18990724" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def2-541-18990724" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def2-541-18990724" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WHITE</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-541-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-541-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-541-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, Stealing 22 ducks, the property of
<persName id="t18990724-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-185" type="surname" value="INCH"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-185" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990724-541-offence-1 t18990724-name-185"/>Frederick Inch</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OVEREND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-186" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-186" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MARTIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector</hi>). About 4.40 a.m. on July 4th I saw the two prisoners in Fairlight Road—they went into Wood Road and Havant Road—they stopped and stood facing one another, Purkiss left White and went on to some green sward by the side of the road—White was looking up and down the road, apparently watching—Purkiss then drove the ducks which were there from the sward into the road and rejoined White—they went down into Lee Road—Purkiss went in front of the ducks into Lee Road, and when he came out of Havant Road he had a stick—then a policeman came up—I gave him certain directions—I doubled up Lee Road and saw the prisoners with the ducks—they then left them—the constable was approaching them in front, and when they saw him they left the ducks and walked past him—I stopped the prisoners and said, "I shall charge you with stealing those ducks"—White replied, "You did not see me touch them, did you, governor?"—Purkiss said, "You have made a mistake; I thought they were mine"—I took them</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240033"/>
<p>to the station, and charged them—on the same morning, on the way to Stratford in a cab, Purkiss said, "I sold the ducks to the prosecutor."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Purkiss works with his brother—I have seen no other docks on this ground; there are some fowls there occasionally—the pro
<lb/>secutor lives 120 yards away—Purkiss's place is 220 yards off—the pri
<lb/>soners walked about half a mile while I was watching them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The ducks that belonged to Purkiss's brother were full grown; the prosecutor's ducks were small ones, about seven weeks old.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-187" type="surname" value="COLLER"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-187" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COLLER</persName> </hi> (558
<hi rend="italic">N</hi>). About 5 a.m. on July 4th I met Inspector Martin at Wood Street, Walthamstow—I saw the two prisoners walking sharply away; Martin was following them—I stopped Purkiss—Martin said to the prisoners, "I shall take you into custody for stealing those ducks"—Purkiss said. "You have made a mistake, governor; I thought they were ours"—White said, "Yes, you did not see me touoh the ducks, did you, governor?"—they were taken to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know Joe Purkiss's place; it was about 130 yards off; they were going in that direction—there was nobody about at all then, only an odd man going to work.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-188" type="surname" value="INCH"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-188" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK INCH</persName> </hi>. I am a baker, of Shernhall Street—on July 3rd I had 35 ducks in my possession—I saw them in the evening, and next morning I saw Inspector Martin—the gates of my yard were open—the ducks could run on to the green sward—Martin showed me 22: ducks; they were mine—I put down their value at £1 12s. 6d.—I made a charge against the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It does not pay me to come here over a few ducks—they were white ducks, with yellow feet, yellow legs, and long beaks—I had not bought any of them from Mr. Graves—I had bought some from him—he got them from Purkiss, but not these—I had had these ducks about 10 days—they were running about on the grass, like other ducks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I do not think there was anything to show that they belonged to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Purkiss, in his defence, said that his brother had lost 14 while ducks between June 30th and July 1st; that he was called by White at 3.40 a.m., who told him that their ducks were all out; that he went downstairs and went across the field, and saw the inspector; that he saw the ducks, and thinking they were their's, "hunched" them towards their home; that he found they were not his brother's, so left them. White said that he saw the ducks, and thinking they belonged to Mr. Purkiss, called the other prisoner and then tried to drive them home, and while driving them home Purkiss said that they were not his, and so they left them there, and were then arrested.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-189" type="surname" value="PURKISS"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-189" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PURKISS</persName> </hi>. I live at 42, Wood Street, Walthamstow—I deal, among other things, in ducks—I had a large quantity of them—they some
<lb/>times strayed—I saw them at the Police-court—there was nothing to dis
<lb/>tinguish them from the ones I lost.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had over 40 ducks at this time—I gave 15d. each for the ducks I bought—I could not get a full
<lb/>grown duck for that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990724-541-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-541-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-541-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189907240036"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990724-542">
<interp inst="t18990724-542" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990724"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-542" type="date" value="18990724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-542-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-542-18990724 t18990724-542-offence-1 t18990724-542-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990724-542-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-542-18990724 t18990724-542-offence-1 t18990724-542-verdict-2"/>
<p> 542.
<persName id="def1-542-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-542-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-542-18990724" type="surname" value="WEATHERBURN"/>
<interp inst="def1-542-18990724" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WEATHERBURN</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-542-18990724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-542-18990724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-542-18990724" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def2-542-18990724" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="def2-542-18990724" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LEE</hi> (55)</persName>
<rs id="t18990724-542-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990724-542-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-542-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing 17 gross of matches, the property of Messrs. Wood and Dixon, their masters.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILLESPIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Weatherburn, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Lee.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990724-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990724-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-192" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18990724-name-192" type="given" value="GEORGE THORN"/>GEORGE THORN WOOD</persName> </hi>. I am managing director to Wood and Dixon, wax vesta manufacturers, of Upton Park—Weatherburn was a clerk there and Lee a carman—we supply the trade with matches—orders are sometimes brought by our carmen—it was Weatherburn's duty to enter the orders in the order book, and when the time came for delivery he was handed a label and superintended the putting the case into the van—the loading of the van was under his immediate supervision—every packet bears a label of what the contents are—he did not keep them made up on the premises—he had to make out an invoice of each parcel and give it to Lee, a press copy was put in this book (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—Weatherburn had to check Lee's van, and no parcels were put in except those labelled and invoiced—Lee was permitted to receive money and give a receipt, and bring the money at night to Weatherburn, or some responsible person, and get it receipted—if Lee brought back the money, it would be entered against him in the ledger—there is no entry in this carman's receipt book of a sale of seven gross of boxes of matches to Mrs. Burroughes—if there had been it should appear in the ordinary course—nor is there an entry of a sale of two gross on April 6th to Mr. Impitt for 7s. 6d., nor of a sale of 10 1/2 gross to Mrs. Burroughes on April 20th for £2 2s. 10d.—those sums have never been carried to the credit of the firm—there is no order that I can find for those sales in the order book—we had no notion that the prisoners were dealing with them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>. Weatherburn had to do with the carman's receipt book—his instructions were to take no money that he did not initial for in this counterfoil book—when Lee gave a receipt he would fill up this receipt form, and tear it out and stick it on to the in
<lb/>voice, an