<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>MOORE, MAYOR.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ., Q.C.,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, April 10th, 1899, and following days,</p>
<p>Before the Right Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN VOCE MOORE</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">KNT</hi>.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-1" type="surname" value="GRANTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-1" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRANTHAM</persName> </hi>, one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court; the Right Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-2" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-2" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-3" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-3" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-4" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-4" type="given" value="WALTER VAUGHAN"/>WALTER VAUGHAN MORGAN</persName> </hi> Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-5" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-5" type="given" value="JOHN"/>SIR JOHN KNILL</persName> </hi>, Bart., Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., Q.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-6" type="surname" value="ALLISTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-6" type="given" value="FREDERICK PRAT"/>FREDERICK PRAT ALLISTON</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-7" type="surname" value="PROBYN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-7" type="given" value="CLIFFORD"/>CLIFFORD PROBYN</persName> </hi>, J. P.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-8" type="surname" value="MATON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-8" type="given" value="LEONARD JAMES"/>LEONARD JAMES MATON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLARENCE RICHARD HALSE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100003"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOORE, MAYOR. SIXTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, April</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-265-18990410" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18990410" type="surname" value="BRONSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18990410" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACOB BRONSTEIN</hi> (62)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-265-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-265-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-265-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully making false entries in the books of
<persName id="t18990410-name-10" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-10" type="surname" value="GOORVITCH"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-10" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-265-offence-1 t18990410-name-10"/>Philip Goorvitch</persName>, his master. (See page 12.)</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. C. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STEPHENSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-11" type="surname" value="GOORVITCH"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-11" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP GOORVITCH</persName> </hi>. I am a wholesale tobacconist, of 30, Church Lane—the prisoner was in my employ last year as counterman and clerk—his duty was to attend to the customers and keep the books, day-book and ledger—Mr. Grosse was almost a daily customer—he paid every Sunday—the prisoner would make out the weekly statement from the goods entered in the ledger daily, and open the ledger when Grosse came on Sundays, and say, "You have to pay so much"—towards the end of Sep
<lb/>tember I had a communication from Grosse's brother-in-law, and examined the ledger, and got a warrant against Grosse and Bronstein for conspiracy, and on returning Bronstein was gone, and I did not see him again till quite recently—Grosse was committed for trial, tried in this Court before my Lord, and acquitted—I then went to the police-court and got a warrant against Bronstein for falsification of accounts—this is the day-book (
<hi rend="italic">Pro
<lb/>duced</hi>)—all the entries in it are in the prisoner's writing except the red ink—here are entries in it of goods supplied to Grosse on February 20th, 1898, in the prisoner's writing, £5 3s. 8d.—this (exhibit B) is the prisoner's writing; it is the weekly statement, including February 20th, and is receipted by him—the goods come to £3 11s. 5d.—the items do not agree—the entries on page 72 of the day-book have all been scratched out; indicating that it was paid—I put in these items in red ink when I took the warrants out, because they were not right; those are the right prices—this is the ledger, and in it on July 27th, 1898, £2 0s. 5 1/2 d. is debited to Grosse as having been paid to him that day, and on November 21st (exhibit C) I find £4 0s. 5 1/2 d. as the amount for that date, there being a difference of £2 between the ledger and the invoice—on August 16th the amount in the ledger is £2 15s. 4d. and the invoice £3 15s. 4d., a difference</p>
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<p>of £1—in the weekly statement of August 16th I find £2 15s. 4d. entered and in the ledger of August 26th £3 12s., 11 1/2 d. is entered, a difference of £1 8s.—on August 29th £2 0s. 7d. is entered in the ledger, and the invoice for that date is £3 4s. 11d., a difference of £1 4s. 4d.—on August 30th £2 7s. 9d. is entered in the ledger and the invoice is £3 12s. 3d., a difference of £1 4s. 6d.—on September 22nd £2 17s. 11d. is entered in the ledger and the invoice is £4 17s. 11d., a difference of £2.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-12" type="surname" value="FRANKS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-12" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FRANKS</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, and am Mr. Goorvitch's brother-in-law—on February 25th this year the prisoner came to my shop and and said, "As I am friends with you and you are brother-in-law to Mr. Goorvitch go to him and pray for me; I have done a lot of trouble to him and I am guilty, but for the sake of my own children I ask for forgive
<lb/>ness"—I promised to go and speak to Goorvitch, and two days after he came to my place and told me that two days after Grosse was tried he came to London and he did not know what to do as he had not money to pay Counsel—I said, "Why does not Grosse help you?"—he said, "He has himself nothing"—I advised him to go and press Grosse, as he told me he had done him a great service in leaving London after a warrant was out for him—he said, "If I have to die in prison I would not bring him into trouble"—he afterwards told me he was in Calais all the time he was away—I asked him how it was that his age was 62 in the papers when his age was 48—he told me his age before—he said he did that purposely, as if he had imprisonment he would not get hard labour—he then left.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-13" type="surname" value="REID"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-13" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM REID</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). I received a warrant for the appre
<lb/>hension of Grosse and Bronstein in October last, and went to the prose
<lb/>cutor's premises and found that Bronstein had gone—I went to Raven Road, Whitechapel, where he lived, but did not find him—I took Grosse next morning, and found these eight invoices in his shop—document D 1 was put in at the last trial by the defendant's Counsel.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-14" type="surname" value="WHITBREAD"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-14" type="given" value="HARRIS"/>HARRIS WHITBREAD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant H</hi>). The prisoner came to Leman Street Station by appointment on February 9th, and I read the warrant to him—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that there was no evidence to support the indictment which charged the false entry o/£3 11s. 5d. as the total sum due, and there might be a cross account. The
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi> considered that there was a case for the
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>, upon which the witnesses were recalled and cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-15" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-15" type="surname" value="GOORVITCH"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-15" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP GOORVITCH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>). I have known the prisoner five years—he was not in business for himself when I first knew him—I did not know him when be came to London in 1893—he bought cigarettes to smoke himself, not to sell again, and bought half an ounce of tobacco at a time—he carried parcels to my customers for me. but got no pay
<lb/>ment for that; I then asked him to keep my books for me—he never bought goods for me—he did a little travelling on his own account before he came to the shop, but not afterwards—I never told him what to write in the books—I did not have books at first; my shop was only for cash transactions—I did not begin to keep a ledger till 1897—I kept a ledger on February 20th, 1898, when exhibit B was made—I have no account of that in the ledger—Mr. Grosse had no ledger account; I paid him 5a. a week and his board when he began—he kept my books for that from</p>
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<p>1897—he did not only get a glass of tea and a plate of supper—my wife used to give him borne very good clothes, but not new ones—he never was in my shop till eight o'clock—he was sometimes there till twelve, but not always—I heard that he gave lessons in languages—he kept books for Mr. Team at the house where he lodged—he was not free on Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath—if he had nothing else to do he came to the shop, and if he had nothing to do I let him off—5s. a week was the most I paid him—either I or my wife paid him—he did not take money—he was never left alone in the shop—I never gave Grosse cigars on sale or return.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He kept his landlord's books in return for his lodging—I was completely a father to him—I never received a farthing's worth of goods from Grosse.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-16" type="surname" value="FRANKS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-16" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FRANKS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>), I have known the prisoner since the beginning of 1893—I came to London in 1892, and was staying at 22 Mansell Street, E.C.—I did not know him in Russia—he told me that his age was 48—I cannot say whether he is 62—my mistress was present when this conversation took place—she is not here—I made no note of the conversation I had with him on February 25th—I told the solicitor about it and he wrote it down—I have not seen it since—I did not tell the solicitor that there was another conversation two days later—I do not remember whether the prisoner said that he had not money to pay for Counsel, or whether I said, "Why does not Grosse help you?"—I went to the solicitor three or four days after the first conversation and one day, I think it was, after the second—I was not present at Grosse's trial—just before the conversation Grosse had moved into a larger shop and house in Shaftesbury Avenue—I saw his house just after his wedding—I do not know whether he had anything; he had a shop and goods—I said, "As he has been good to you you might give him money to pay Counsel"—I told him as how his mistress had very valuable jewellery; she had diamonds and earrings and so forth—the solicitor did not ask me to make a full statement—I am sure he said, "Go to Gourvitch and tell him for the sake of his wife and children I ask for forgiveness"—I cannot remember whether I told the solicitor that</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-17" type="surname" value="BRONSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-17" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB BRONSTEIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>). My age is 62—I speak very little English—I came to England in 1893—I had some money, but was a loser in business after about six months—I was a customer of Mr. Goorvitch for cigarettes for my own consumption—after I lost my living I tried travelling with various articles, and Goorvitch employed me to pack up parcels and take them away, and after a few months I asked him to keep his books; but I cannot remember when I began—I was not paid for that, but sometimes he gave me a cup of tea and sometimes a plate of soup—at that time I was still travelling for a living—I sometimes had boots and old clothes from him, and in February last he began to pay me 5s. a week, but he did not give me any more clothes—I was never left in the shop alone—Mr. or Mrs. Goorvitch were always there when Grosse came in—I went there at 7 a.m. till 8 at night—Grosse returned goods several times, and every day when I wrote in the book he looked in it, and several times there is his writing in the book, because there was a mistake—when he</p>
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<p>took away a box of cigars which was invoiced to him and it was returned it was left in the shop, but nothing was done with the books because I was. going out with parcels.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I cannot find any entry in the books of goods returned—there is no method of showing the cases in which goods were returned.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. I never entered the wrong amount intentionally as due from Grosse—I went away from London because I was ill—on Saturday, October 8th, I went to Mr. Grosse and said, "Mr. Goorvitch will take a warrant out for you and for me"—Mr. Franks had told me that, and it was after that that I went away—he took all these goods with him and these two items followed—I have heard Franks' evidence to
<lb/>day—it is not true that I said that I was guilty or that I am only 48; I am 68—the story he has told to
<lb/>day is not true.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known Mr. Franks five or six yean—he has always been my friend—I went and saw him on October 6th. after I heard that the warrant was out—after that I went to my friends in Calais on the Saturday, and stayed there about two months—I did not hear that Grosse had been tried and found not guilty till about Decem
<lb/>ber 16th—I was back in London then—I did not go to the police till February 16th, having been two months in London—I was not charged with conspiracy with Grosse—I was committed for trial on February 23rd, and I saw Mr. Franks here in Court on March 7th—I had no conversa
<lb/>tion with him after Saturday, February 25th—I had some talk with him; he gave me 5s., and said, "Don't say anything to anybody"—I knew he was Goorvitch's brother-in-law, and sent to him to intercede for me—I left England for Calais on October 8th, not because I knew that a warrant was out against me, but Mr. Franks told me they were going to take one out—this date, Juy 27th, was written by me—I did not stand on Sundays with the ledger before me when a customer came to pay, and call out the amount he owed, because Mr. Goorvitch knew that, before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I went to Calais because I was ill, and to see my friend—he is a manufacturer there—I did not tell Mr. or Mrs. Goorvitch that I was going to Calais or give them any idea that I was going out of the country:</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-18" type="surname" value="GROSSE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-18" type="given" value="IGNACE"/>IGNACE GROSSE</persName> </hi>. I was a customer of Mr. Goorvitch, and in the course of my dealings I have returned goods to him, about £30 worth in 1898—I keep no books—I got no receipts for the goods I returned—I was arrested, and these invoices were found on me—there is no entry on them of goods being returned; it was deducted from the amount I paid every week within a day or two of the transactions themselves—I knew what I had returned and Mr. Goorvitch knew on Sundays when I paid—I always returned an exact sum, £1 or £2—I have never paid the prisoner any money nor was there ever any secret dealing between us.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I paid on Sundays—the prisoner generally called out the sum from the ledger—I took the invoices with me and produced them when I paid them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I mean to say that I returned some of the goods in the invoices in my possession—there is no mark against them—I never marked the invoices when I returned goods, but they made a note of it—the prisoner altered the amount I paid by £1 or £2.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18990410-265-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-265-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-265-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-265-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-265-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-265-18990410 t18990410-265-punishment-1"/>Eight Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, April</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SULLIVAN</hi> (35)</persName>
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<interp inst="t18990410-266-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-266-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990410-266-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-266-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-266-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing twelve yards of cloth, the property of
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<interp inst="t18990410-name-20" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-266-offence-1 t18990410-name-20"/>Solomon Davis</persName> and another, and to a con
<lb/>vict on of felony on March 7th, 1898. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-266-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-266-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-266-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-266-18990410 t18990410-266-punishment-2"/>Six previous convictions were proved against him.—Twelve Months'Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-267">
<interp inst="t18990410-267" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-267" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-267-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-267-18990410 t18990410-267-offence-1 t18990410-267-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-267-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-267-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18990410" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18990410" type="surname" value="MOODY"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18990410" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY MOODY</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-267-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-267-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-267-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18990410-name-22">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-22" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-22" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-22" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>Elizabeth Hill</persName>, his wife being alive.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-267-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-267-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-267-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-267-18990410 t18990410-267-punishment-3"/>One Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990410-267-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-267-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-267-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-268">
<interp inst="t18990410-268" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-268" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-268-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-268-18990410 t18990410-268-offence-1 t18990410-268-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-268-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-268-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18990410" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18990410" type="surname" value="HARRINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18990410" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HARRINGTON</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-268-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-268-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-268-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering a request for the payment of £30, having been convicted of felony on June 22nd, 1885.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-268-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-268-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-268-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-268-18990410 t18990410-268-punishment-4"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990410-268-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-268-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-268-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-269">
<interp inst="t18990410-269" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-269" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-269-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-269-18990410 t18990410-269-offence-1 t18990410-269-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-269-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-269-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18990410" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18990410" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18990410" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD LEE</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-269-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-269-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-269-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering an order for the payment of £10, the property of Sir Ellis Ashmead
<lb/>Bartlett, with intent to de
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-269-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-269-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-269-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18990410-269-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-269-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-269-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-269-18990410 t18990410-269-punishment-5"/>Judgment respited. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-6">
<interp inst="t18990410-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-6" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18990410 t18990410-6-offence-1 t18990410-6-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-6-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18990410" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18990410" type="surname" value="ESSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18990410" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WILLIAM ESSELL</hi> (52)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a purse and the sum of 11s. 9d. from the person of
<persName id="t18990410-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-26" type="surname" value="KEMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-26" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-6-offence-1 t18990410-name-26"/>Caroline Kempson</persName>, having been convicted at Clerkenwell on May 8th, 1893. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Six other convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18990410-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18990410 t18990410-6-punishment-6"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990410-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-271">
<interp inst="t18990410-271" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-271" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-271-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-271-18990410 t18990410-271-offence-1 t18990410-271-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-271-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-271-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18990410" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18990410" type="surname" value="FRANKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18990410" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY FRANKS</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-271-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-271-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-271-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BUBNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-28" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-28" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Seven Stars, High Street, Whitcchapel—on March 15th, about 3 p.m., the prisoner came in with two females—he called for two small glasses of port, three of Irish cold, and a glass of bitter—the price was 10 1/2 d.—he gave me a florin—I ex
<lb/>amined it and handed it to Mr. Higginson, the head barman—he put acid on it, and then put it through the tester, and broke it—the prisoner was sober—I did not put the coin anywhere before I gave it to Higginson—I had no other money in my hand—I had no more to do with it after that.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw you give another florin to Higginson, and then a half sovereign.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-29" type="surname" value="HIGGINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-29" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HIGGINSON</persName> </hi>. I am head barman at the Seven Stars—I was in the bar in the afternoon of March 15th, when the prisoner came in—I heard him call for drinks—I saw the money paid—Edwards handed the coin to me—I tested it and broke it—I handed the piece back to the prisoner, and said it was bad, and we could not take it—he gave me another florin, which was also bad—I broke that and returned it to him—he pulled out a handful of silver and said, "lama bookmaker; I cannot test every coin which I have given to me"—he took the money from his right-hand trousers pocket—I think he took the florin from the same pocket—then he gave me a good half-sovereign—I spoke to Hart, the door-porter, and the prisoner and the women went out—these pieces (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) are like the pieces I broke—I cannot say if they are the same—the prisoner was quite sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I should not have served him if he were not sober—as far as I could see he took all the money from the same pocket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-30" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-30" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD HART</persName> </hi>. I am door-porter at the Seven Stars—I was there on March 15th—all I heard the prisoner say was, "It is good money"—he said he was a bookmaker—he went out—I was afterwards sent for by the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100008"/>
<p>police to the Bell, where I found the prisoner detained; he did not say anything—I charged him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-31" type="surname" value="CUDE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-31" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CUDE</persName> </hi>. I live at 41, Plascotte Lane, Upton Park—I was at the Seven Stars on March 15th—I saw the prisoner pay the money—I saw Higginson break the coin—I saw another coin handed over—the prisoner put the first one in his pocket—I took the second one and put it in my pocket; it had then been broken—I followed the prisoner out—when we got outside he put his hand into his pocket and threw something away—I followed him to the Bell with Beckett, the constable—I spoke to Beckett—I waited outside the Bell—the prisoner came out—the policeman spoke to him—I took the coin out to hand it to the policeman, when the prisoner snatched it from my hand and threw it into the road—he said, "I passed them, but I do not know how I got them"—the constable said that he would have to go to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-32" type="surname" value="BECKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-32" type="given" value="ZIBA"/>ZIBA BECKETT</persName> </hi> (414
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On March 15th, about 3 p.m., I was on duty in High Street, Whitechapel—Hart made a communication to me—I went with him to the Bell—he pointed the prisoner out—I said to the prisoner, "What is all this about?"—he said, "I am a bookmaker; I do not examine all the money I get"—I searched the prisoner; I found £3 4s. 6d. in silver and 3s. 4d. in bronze in his right-hand trousers pocket—I took him to the station—Mr. Cude offered me the two pieces of silver;
<hi rend="italic">this is one of them</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>); but the prisoner snatched them and threw them over his shoulder—Mr. Cude said, "These are the pieces"—the pieces were picked up—the prisoner was perfectly sober; he may have had a little to drink; his face was flushed, but he knew what he was doing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was excited when I spoke to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-33" type="surname" value="FRENCH"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-33" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FRENCH</persName> </hi> (13
<hi rend="italic">HR</hi>). I was on duty on March 15th, in High Street, Whitechapel—I picked up a piece of counterfeit coin in the centre of the road, about eight or nine yards from the Seven Stars, close to the tram
<lb/>line—I handed it to Beckett.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-34" type="surname" value="HAINES"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-34" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HAINES</persName> </hi> (63
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I was on duty near the Bell on March 15th—I picked up the other piece of counterfeit coin—I had seen the prisoner in the custody of Beckett—I saw the prisoner throw the coin away—I handed it to Beckett.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-35" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-35" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of coin at Her Majesty's Mint—these are two halves of two counterfeit coins, both from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate, said that he paid for the drink with a florin, and while talking to a young woman the bar
<lb/>man returned it, and he then paid with a half sovereign.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-271-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-271-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-271-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-272">
<interp inst="t18990410-272" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-272" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-272-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-272-18990410 t18990410-272-offence-1 t18990410-272-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-272-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-272-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-272-18990410" type="surname" value="BURT"/>
<interp inst="def1-272-18990410" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BURT</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t18990410-272-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-272-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-272-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin</rs>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-37" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-37" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-37" type="given" value="MATILDA"/>MATILDA COX</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Berbeck Arms, Highgate—on Monday, March 20th, the prisoner came in with a man named Wilmore—he asked for two half-glasses of ale—he gave me a half-sovereign, or rather a medal, to pay for them—I said, "What do you call this?"—he said, "Half a sovereign"—I said, "I beg your pardon, it is not"—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100009"/>
<p>other man said it was a bad half-sovereign—the prisoner put the coin down with the head uppermost—he then tendered me a shilling, and asked for the medal back—I said No, I would see the landlord first—I spoke to Mr. Cormick—I saw Sergeant Nicholls search the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I turned the coin over*—this was about 2.30—the prisoner did not say, "I beg your pardon, miss; you cannot change that?"—he did not seem to have been drinking.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-38" type="surname" value="CORMICK"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-38" type="given" value="JOHN CHURCHILL"/>JOHN CHURCHILL CORMICK</persName> </hi>. I keep the Berbeck Arms—the barmaid brought me this coin—it has got what is very much like a Queen's head on the back of it—I had no conversation with the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-39" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-39" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant, Y</hi>). Mr. Cormick made a communica
<lb/>tion to me on March 20th—I saw the prisoner and Wilmore—I said I was a police officer, and should take them into custody for attempting to utter a coin—the prisoner said, "It was
<hi rend="italic">bunged</hi> into me on Saturday night, and I thought I would bung it into somebody else"—they were taken to the station—I searched Burt, and found a shilling and 1s. 6d. in bronze—I asked where he got the coin—he said it was given him in change at a public-house in Hollo way on Saturday night, and that he first found out it was bad on the Sunday morning—they made no answer to the charge—Wilmore was discharged by the Magistrate, and he is here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-40" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this is a card counter—it is made of brass—on one side are the Prince of Wales' plumes—the superscription is "Victoria, Queen of Britain"—they are sold at so much per dozen—the head is similar to the old-fashioned head on a half-sovereign.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. NICHOLLS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>) "The prisoner was sober, but he feigned drunkenness going to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. C. CORMICK</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>), I do not know the prisoner—I generally serve in the bar myself.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-272-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-272-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-272-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Two convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18990410-272-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-272-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-272-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-272-18990410 t18990410-272-punishment-7"/>Fourteen Days' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, April</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grantham.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18990410-273" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-273" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-273-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-273-18990410 t18990410-273-offence-1 t18990410-273-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-273-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-273-18990410 t18990410-273-offence-1 t18990410-273-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-273-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-273-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18990410" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18990410" type="surname" value="BALFOUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18990410" type="given" value="CHARLES FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES FREDERICK BALFOUR</hi> (16)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-273-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-273-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-273-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990410-273-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-273-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-273-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>b—st—y,</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to
<rs id="t18990410-273-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-273-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-273-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>cruelly injuring a mare.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-273-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-273-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-273-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-273-18990410 t18990410-273-punishment-8"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-274">
<interp inst="t18990410-274" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-274" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-274-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-274-18990410 t18990410-274-offence-1 t18990410-274-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-274-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-274-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-274-18990410" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-274-18990410" type="surname" value="TWINAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-274-18990410" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES TWINAM</hi> (54)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-274-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-274-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-274-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having in his possession instruments for stamping gold, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-43" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-43" type="given" value="HERBERT WILLIAM"/>HERBERT WILLIAM ROBINSON</persName> </hi>. I am chief officer of the Gold
<lb/>smiths' Company at the Assay Office—articles come to my department to be stamped, which is done by the Company for a few pence for each article—manufacturers of silver have a private mark, which consists of their initials generally, which they register at Goldsmiths' Hall, where the registers go back for about 200 years—the manufacturer's mark is put on by himself with a punch, and then it is brought to Goldsmiths' Hall</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100010"/>
<p>—these punches, No. 10 and 11, bear the manufacturer's mark, W.L. and S.M.—I find on these silver articles a manufacturer's mark, G.F.—it is the duty of the Goldsmiths' Company to impress the lion and the leopard's head; those are the distinctive marks of the London Goldsmiths' Hall, and the only other towns are Birmingham, Chester, and Sheffield—it was the custom up to 1890 to impress the duty mark, which was the Sovereign's head prior to 1874—the number was 104 and 105, that was 1783—there is also the date of impressing what is called the date letter—it shows when the article was stamped, and is changed every year—the lion, the Jeopard, the King's head, and the date letter are im
<lb/>pressed by punches—punch No. 1 bears the mark of a lion, and I marked this piece of silver (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) with it—No. 2 is a smaller lion, dies No. 3 and 4 are leopard's heads, crowned No. 5 is the Sovereign's head, George III.—that was the date mark from 1874 to 1890—duty was paid then, but no mark was put—No. 6 is the date letter of 1784—die No. 7 is a Roman H. of 1783, the year before—No. 8 is a Roman H and a lion on it—these punches resemble those legitimately used at Goldsmiths' Hall, and are adapted for making those marks—on March 9th, between 8 and 9 a.m., I went with Inspector Morley and other officers to the prisoner's house, 72, Latham Street, Holloway, and took part in searching it—a cup-board in the kitchen on the ground floor was opened by a key—in it was a lot of rubbish, very dirty, and this black box fastened by a padlock which was opened by another key, and inside it were some tin boxes in which were the steel punches produced—I should say that No. 8 is an impression taken off the silver on to this metal—No. 9 is a similar piece of metal, made in the same way—No. 10 is a name punch, W, L.; No. 11 a punch, S. M.; No. 12 a name punch, W. B.; No. 13, letter K.; No. 14, a punch, with the prisoner's initials, T. P,; No. 15, a leopard's head, crowned; Nos. 16 and 17, a King's head; No. 18, for 1879; No. 19, P for 1870; No. 20, T for another date; No. 21, for 1891; No. 22, W. S. for William Shaw—we found those letters by looking at the registers—I cannot give any explanation of the strip of silver, No. 23—No. 24 is J. E.—here are others, Nos. 27 to 34—I also found a plate of. date marks of the Goldsmiths' Company from 1558 downwards—Nos. 34 and 35, punches, are both marked G. S., which is on the two silver articles (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—that is the mark of George Smith in 1739—in a bedroom upstairs I found forty or fifty other punches adapted for making similar impressions to those downstairs, but they had not been used for some time—I consider that they had been used—I went into a small lean to shed, and saw on a shelf a number of tools, a punch with a King's head of 1749, and a large quantity of silver plate (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—No. 52 is a cream ewer marked with a lion and leopard's head, a date letter, the head of George I., and G. S., the manufacturer's mark—those marks have all been made with the punches I found—they are not genuine marks, but they resemble the marks of the Goldsmiths' Company—the date mark of the Goldsmiths' Company is destroyed every year on May 28th, but the leopard's head and lion punches are kept—no punches can be obtained outside—the wardens see the marks obliterated—these silver candlesticks are marked with the lion, the date letter of 1784, the leoward's head, and G. S., the maker's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100011"/>
<p>mark—there is no date mark; it would be marked before the statute was passed—those marks were made by dies found at the prisoner's house, and are not genuine—the nozzle is marked with the lion only—that was the practice at that time—in my opinion this is modern silver—it is quite new work—No. 68 is a tray, which has a coin let into the bottom of it—it is marked with the lion, the leopard's head, the date letter 1724, and the name mark, corresponding with the punches in the prisoner's possession—the coin let in is one of George III., 1820—I found in the prisoner's posses
<lb/>sion a number of coins which had been cast—this is a cast coin—it was never struck at the Mint—79,80,81 and 82 are four vases marked with the lion, the date, the leopard's head, and the name—the date is 1729—those are forged marks, and they are on the cover of the vases as well as on the body—No. 85 is a mustard-pot with a lion; a leopard's head crowned, a date letter, and the manufacturer's initials, W.S.—each of those marks has been placed on the articles by one of the dies found in the house—(
<hi rend="italic">A silver chocolate-pot, a biscuit-jar, two baskets, two trays with coins let in, two shell plates, a mustard-pot, two bundles of teaspoons dated 1804, a silver ewer, a ladle, and a number of other articles, each bearing similar hall marks, were here produced.</hi>)—each of these articles, I should say, are modern silver, and bear forged marks of the dies which I found—two of the trays have cast coins of George III. let in, and the date mark is 1724—I also found 19 silver ewers, 4 silver shoes, 8 silver baskets, 2 silver candlesticks, 11 silver salt-cellars, 9 silver castors, 4 silver trays, 222 silver spoons, 41 silver toogs, 72 silver forks, and 11 silver sugar-strainers, each of which bears the mark of the lion and the leopard's head crowned, made by the punches I found—they are not articles of the date which the date letter represents—I am not aware of any models having been taken—No. 175 is a presentation case of spoons, and tongs which bear genuine marks of the Victorian reign, but the date mark has been obliterated; it is within the last ten years; the date letter has been coopered out, and also from some of the other articles, for some purpose—among the articles found here are six silver ewers which have no marks on them; they are very similar to all the others and exactly the same pattern as the marked one—I also found this spoon with a stem, but no handle (Produced); the stem has an Irish mark; there would be no
<lb/>difficulty in putting a bowl into it—I also found some ingots of silver and some in scraps—I found no books at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My strong opinion is that the marks on the marked silver were made by the punches found—I was with the inspector during the search—a small proportion of the silver was un worked up—some was worked up, and not marked—only a small proportion of the silver was in the workshop—I am certain the punches had been used, within a year or so—the punches are struck with a hammer—apart from the marks, I should say the silver was modern; within twenty-five years within the present reign, at all events—technically, modern silver would be within about fifty years—some silver was marked in the ordi
<lb/>nary way—I have compared the punches with the silver found—if the punches had not been used for ten years the tops would not be so bright from the hammer marks—I can say with certainty that one or two of the punches have been used within the last two or three years—there is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100012"/>
<p>nothing unusual in t he possession of the date cards—the prisoner's wan an ordinary silversmith's workshop—one punch had a king's head, probably of George III.—the imitations were good for the purpose for which they were used—they would deceive a fairly experienced person—the spoons are Victorian—I fancy I can trace the letter M, partly obliterated—that would indicate five years back—a good deal of silver is sold by dealers who travel about the country.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Some of the punctures had oil on them—the oil was moist.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES MORTIMER GARRARD</hi>. I am a gold and silver-smith, of 25, Hay
<lb/>market—I have had fifty years' experience—I have a thorough practical knowledge of the business—I served my apprenticeship at the work bench—I am familiar with every branch—I have examined the silver produced—it is decidedly recent—I have no doubt about it—some of it had been made within the last two months; in fact, some of the partly finished articles have what we call the oil tarnish on them which comes from the buff.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not disagree with Mr. Robinson, but I go further as a practical workman, and say the age of the silver is reducible to months, and not years, because the method used in making and the mode of polishing are modem—I apply that answer to all that is manufactured, and that is marked—I have not examined all the unmarked—as an expert I say this silver is modern—I do not know how you would describe it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. This spoon which is marked with the Queen's head is English make—the handle is only cast, not struck—it is rudely made, but it is a good casting—I say the same of the sugar tongs—the two sets are casts, but with a wrought piece which bears the hall
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-44" type="surname" value="MORLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-44" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MORLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector Y</hi>). On March 8th I received a war
<lb/>rant to search the prisoner's house—on the morning of the 9th I went to Latham Street—I left other constables to watch, and followed the defendant as he left the house—I said, "Is your name Charles Twinam?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "You live at 72, Latham Street?"—he said, "Yes"—I said I was a police-inspector, and held a warrant for his arrest—I handed him over to other officers—t went to 72, Latham Street—the prisoner was brought there immediately after I entered—I read to him the warrant of arrest and the search warrant—I said, "I do not know whether you care to save any trouble; you may tell me if you like where the dies are that are referred to in the warrant"—he said, "I know nothing about any dies; I have none"—on him I found four keys on two bunches—with one of those keys I opened the kitchen cupboard, where the black box was found—the cupboard was dirty—the box looked as if it had been used—I searched upstairs—in one of the cupboards in the front room, which I think was a bedroom, I found a number of articles and some punches—I found £53 in gold and £15 in notes—that was given to the prisoner's wife—in the workshop I found the punch produced. No. 39—I produce three lists of the property found in ("A") the kitchen cupboard, (" B ")on the first floor, and (" C ") in the workshop—the articles were handed over to the officers of the Goldsmiths' Company who were vrith mo—the prisoner was taken to the Polie-station—he was charged with having in his possession forged dies and silver wares—I told</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100013"/>
<p>him I had taken possession of a quantity of manufactared silver, and asked him if he wished to explain how it came into his possession—he said be worked for Mr. Purdie, of 5, Sun Street, Finsbury—I had referred to a quantity of sheet and bar silver not worked into any pattern.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave evidence at the police-court on March 9th, 17th, and 25th—I was not asked about the condition of the cupboard till March 25th—I answered what I was asked—the question was not asked on my report—it did not escape my inemory—the prisoner has lived at 72, Latham Street some twenty years—he has worked at Hatton Garden—I do not know that he worked for Mr. Bowden—his workshop was that of a working silversmith—he said he did a certain amount of overtime—I had nothing to say against the district—burglaries would not be likely, because every room is occupied—some of the marked silver was locked in the cupboard upstairs, some in the box—several spoona were in the workshop—there were two keys, each on two rings—one key was for the cupboard, one for the box, and there were two padlocks up
<lb/>stairs on the cupboards.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Reexamined</hi>, Looking at the outside of the house, there was nothing to indicate a silversmith's business.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-45" type="surname" value="MACMAHON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-45" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MACMAHON</persName> </hi>. I am a pawnbroker, of 27, Seven Sisters Road,. Hoiloway—I have known the prisoner about twelve years—about four years ago he pledged some silver and antique plate with me of the time of George II. and George III.—I lent money on some, and some I purchased—I asked him how he became possessed of it—he said he got it from dealers in the country who wanted to dispose of it in London, as being the best market—I sent some to Debenham's Stores—I subsequently. received a communication from them that the marks were forged—I withdrew it from the sale—I told the prisoner that I had had an intima
<lb/>tion from the Assay Office that the hall-marks were forged—he denied that they were not genuine—the following day he pledged modem silver for £14, and I deducted the amount I gave him for the first set of silve r—I returned the antique silver to him—he subsequently redeemed the new silver he had pledged—the has never brought me any silver since then nor had any further transaction with me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I could not sufficiently judge that the marks were not genuine—I thought they were genuine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence</hi>,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-46" type="surname" value="TWINAM"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-46" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLBS TWINAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>), I lived up to the time of my arrest at 72, Latham Street, Hoiloway—I was fifty-four years of age last Decem
<lb/>ber—I was apprenticed to the silversmith's trade—I worked mv way till I started as a master man fifteen years ago—I afterwards became a journeyman—I went into the service of Mr. Higgins, of Newman Street, Oxford Street, and then into the service of Mr. Bowden for nine years—my son served his apprenticeship to Mr. Bowden under me—I went from Mr. Bowden to Messrs. Wakling and Wheeler, of Hatton Garden, where I was employed for five years till I was arrested—during the last ten or twelve years I worked at home in my spare time—this marked silver had been in my house fourteen or fifteen years—I bought it when I was in business at 1, St. James' Walk, Clerkenwell, from a Mr. George Davey, a travelling dealer—I made work for him from the rough—he asked me</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100014"/>
<p>whether I would buy some antique plate, and I told him yes—he showed me some; I bought it of him and paid him ready money, 8s. an ounce, what I considered it was worth, but I was not much of a judge then—I had then been in business on my own account about six months—I had small experience of hall-marks, and took and believed them to be genuine—I told Davey I had not sold any of his plate, and wanted him to take it back; in fact, I had a doubt as to some of it—he said, "It is all right; I am going down home"—I took him to be a Devonshire man—he said he was going away for two or three weeks, and I concluded he was going to Devonshire—I said, "Very good"—he said, "I shall be gone two or three weeks; you had better mind this parcel;" and he left a brown paper parcel with me—I said, '* Very good"—he said, "Do not open it;" but I did open it—I took it home—he never returned—I have never seen him since—I kept the parcel four or five months, then I opened it—I saw the punches—I thought it was suspicious, and I put them into the wooden box and locked it up in my cupboard—I put the marked silver which Davey left with me into the box with some hay and straw, so that it should not be bruised, and put it upstairs in the bedroom, in two boxes, some in a big case, and locked them up—I sold one or two articles—I believed they were genuine—I took some to the pawnbrokers—MacMahon sent for me and told me they were not genuine—the unmarked things I made for some manufacturers—I took some silver to pieces to take the patterns—the punches remained in the box—I did not use them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The parcel was left with me about fourteen years ago—I saw the punches were for the lion and the leopard's head, the date mark, the manufacturer's mark, and the duty mark—I never went to the box—I did not oil any of the punches—they were blanks as a rule—some were in the tin box in the bedroom—the blanks were in the workshop—I have bought silver rolls from a number of people—my employers used a similar kind of silver—I did not know that silver was only supplied to one or two firms—I have used his dies—in the trade we frequently do that—some are ordinary patterns—I have sold plate of the date of George II., some to pawnbrokers, some to a man, as a foreign person, who got twelve months, not for being in possession of them, but for cast
<lb/>ing one hall-mark into other articles—silver would tarnish in fourteen years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-274-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-274-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-274-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-274-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-274-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-274-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-274-18990410 t18990410-274-punishment-9"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, April</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18990410-275" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-275" type="date" value="18990410"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-275-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-275-18990410 t18990410-275-offence-1 t18990410-275-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-275-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-275-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18990410" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18990410" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18990410" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WILKINSON</hi> (22)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-275-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-275-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-275-18990410" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-275-18990410" type="surname" value="BALFOUR"/>
<interp inst="def2-275-18990410" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR BALFOUR</hi> (21)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-275-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-275-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-275-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990410-275-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-275-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-275-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18990410-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-49" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-49" type="surname" value="BETSON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-49" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-275-offence-1 t18990410-name-49"/>Mary Ann Betson</persName>; Balfour having been convicted on May 25th, 1895.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Another conviction was proved against him.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-275-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-275-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-275-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-275-18990410 t18990410-275-punishment-10"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BALFOUR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-275-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-275-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-275-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-275-18990410 t18990410-275-punishment-11"/>Twelve Month Hard Labour</rs> and
<rs id="t18990410-275-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-275-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-275-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-275-18990410 t18990410-275-punishment-12"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-275-18990410 t18990410-275-punishment-12"/>Twenty Strokes with the Cat</rs> each.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18990410-276" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-276" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-276-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-276-18990410 t18990410-276-offence-1 t18990410-276-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-276-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-276-18990410" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18990410" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18990410" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18990410" type="given" value="JESSIE ALICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JESSIE ALICE OLIVER</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-276-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-276-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-276-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing nine postal orders, the property of the Postmaster-General;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to forging and nttering two of the said orders, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-276-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-276-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-276-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18990410-276-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-276-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-276-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-276-18990410 t18990410-276-punishment-13"/>Judgment re
<lb/>sipited.</rs> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-277">
<interp inst="t18990410-277" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-277" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-277-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-277-18990410 t18990410-277-offence-1 t18990410-277-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100015"/>
<persName id="def1-277-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-277-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18990410" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18990410" type="surname" value="UTTINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18990410" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM UTTINGS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-277-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-277-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-277-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t18990410-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-52" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-52" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-277-offence-1 t18990410-name-52"/>Thomas Jones</persName>, and stealing two chamois leathers and a book, his property. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Six previous convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18990410-277-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-277-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-277-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-277-18990410 t18990410-277-punishment-14"/>Fourteen Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18990410-277-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-277-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-277-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-278">
<interp inst="t18990410-278" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-278" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-278-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-278-18990410 t18990410-278-offence-1 t18990410-278-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-278-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-278-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18990410" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18990410" type="surname" value="D'ESTE"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18990410" type="given" value="PIETRO"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PIETRO D'ESTE</hi> (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-278-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-278-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-278-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to being in the Church of St. George,
<placeName id="t18990410-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-278-offence-1 t18990410-geo-1"/>Hanover Square</placeName>, and stealing 78. 6d., and after
<lb/>wards breaking out of the said church</rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-278-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-278-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-278-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18990410-278-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-278-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-278-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-278-18990410 t18990410-278-punishment-15"/>Judgment respited. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-15">
<interp inst="t18990410-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-15" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-18990410 t18990410-15-offence-1 t18990410-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18990410" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18990410" type="surname" value="WORMOLD"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18990410" type="given" value="JAMES ARNOLD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ARNOLD WORMOLD</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to obtaining two pianos from
<persName id="t18990410-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-55" type="surname" value="PYRKE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-55" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-15-offence-1 t18990410-name-55"/>Charles Henry Pyrke</persName>, with intent to defraud, having been convicted at this Court on July 23rd, 1894.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-15-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-18990410 t18990410-15-punishment-16"/>Eighteen Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990410-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-280">
<interp inst="t18990410-280" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-280" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-280-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-280-18990410 t18990410-280-offence-1 t18990410-280-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-280-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-280-18990410 t18990410-280-offence-1 t18990410-280-verdict-1"/>
<p> 280.
<persName id="def1-280-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-280-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18990410" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18990410" type="surname" value="GEIBER"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18990410" type="given" value="WILLIAM FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FREDERICK GEIBER</hi> (44)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-280-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-280-18990410" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="def2-280-18990410" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-280-18990410" type="surname" value="FALG"/>
<interp inst="def2-280-18990410" type="given" value="AGUSTA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AGUSTA FALG</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-280-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-280-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-280-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a mackintosh, the property of
<persName id="t18990410-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-58" type="surname" value="BIDDLE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-58" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-280-offence-1 t18990410-name-58"/>Leonard Biddle</persName>: a silver salver, the property of the
<persName id="t18990410-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-59" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-280-offence-1 t18990410-name-59"/>Great Eastern Railway Company</persName>; and six fish-knives and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t18990410-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-60" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-60" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-280-offence-1 t18990410-name-60"/>Walter Read</persName>; Geiber having been convicted on October 3rd, 1893.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-61" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-61" type="surname" value="GRAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-61" type="given" value="MB"/>MB. GRAIN</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution offered no evidence against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FALG</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-280-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-280-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-280-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEIBER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-280-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-280-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-280-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-280-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-280-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-280-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-280-18990410 t18990410-280-punishment-17"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-281">
<interp inst="t18990410-281" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-281" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-281-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-281-18990410 t18990410-281-offence-1 t18990410-281-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-281-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-281-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18990410" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18990410" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18990410" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD SULLIVAN</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-281-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-281-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-281-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>, Assaulting Charles Ernest Mar
<lb/>chant, with intent to rob him.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BOUOH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-63" type="surname" value="MARCHANT"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-63" type="given" value="CHARLES ERNEST"/>CHARLES ERNEST MARCHANT</persName> </hi>. I am a commercial traveller, and am staying in London—I was in a public-house in Torrington Square on March 11th, about 8.45 p.m.—I had a dog with me—three men were there—they asked me to treat them—I said they could have a drink—I was not drunk; I had had one or two drinks—after a time I lost sight of my dog—I have not been drinking this morning—two little boys went out to look for my dog, and brought it back, but without its collar—I went out to go home to 23, Keppel Street—when I got to the comer of the street the three men whom I had been treating came up—one of them caught me, and one came behind and rifled my pockets—I had no money in my trousers pockets; I had three 2s. pieces and 1s. in my waistcoat—I recog
<lb/>nised the prisoner—the landlord of the house where I was staying went af ler him and brought him back, but asked me not to charge him—I held him till a policeman came—I did not lose sight of him—I ran after all the men, but two got away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>, I do not remember meeting you in Bedford Place.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-64" type="surname" value="GODDABD"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-64" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER GODDABD</persName> </hi>. I live at 67, Marchmont Street, Russell Square—I am a butcher's boy—I was in Torrington Square between 9 and 9.30 on this night—I saw the prisoner and two other men leading the proseontor. up the street, and opposite 22, Keppel Street, they knocked him down—the prisoner and one of the others held him down while the other picked his pockets—the prosecutor's wife opened the door of the house and called out "Thieves!" and the men ran away—I have no doubt about the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw you assisting to put the prosecutor on the ground.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100016"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-65" type="surname" value="ASHTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-65" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ASHTON</persName> </hi>. I live at South Keppel Mews—I am a butcher's boy—I was in Keppel Street about 9.15 on this day, and saw the prisoner and two other men and the prosecutor outside No. 22—they threw the prosecutor down on the ground, and put their hands through his pockets—then the prisoner walked away a little way, and said, "I will not have anything to do with it"—I did not see the prisoner put his hands into the prosecutor's pockets—he did not help to hold him, but he helped to throw him—two ladies ran out of a house and called out "Thieves!"—the two men ran away, and the prosecutor ran after them—a gentleman came out of the house and ran after the prisoner, and caught him in Russell Square—I was standing close by; I was alone.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-66" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-66" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBB</persName> </hi> (394 B). On this Saturday, about 9.15, I was in the Tottenham Court Koad Police-station—a man came and said something to me—I went to Keppel Street, and saw the prisoner struggling with the prosecutor, who said, "This man, with others, has thrown me to the ground and tried to rob me; I want to charge him"—the prisoner said, "All right, guv'nor, I will go with you, but he has made a mistake this time"—I took him to the station, and in reply to the charge he said, "No, I did not do it"—the prosecutor appeared to have been drinking, but he was not drunk; he seemed to know what he was about.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner in his defence said that he was in the public-house with the prosecutory and had a drink with him; that the prosecutor went out, and after a few minutes he (the prisoner) left also, and saw the prosecutor talking to some men at the corner of the street, who, when they saw the prisoner, ran atcay; that the prosecutor said that he had struck him and robbed him, and then struck the prisoner in the face: that he ran dotvn the street, but was caught by a crowd and given into custody.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-281-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-281-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-281-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then Pleaded Guilty to a conviction of felony at Clerken
<lb/>well, on July 28th, 1898.—
<rs id="t18990410-281-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-281-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-281-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-281-18990410 t18990410-281-punishment-18"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-282">
<interp inst="t18990410-282" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-282" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-282-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-282-18990410 t18990410-282-offence-1 t18990410-282-verdict-"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-282-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-282-18990410 t18990410-282-offence-1 t18990410-282-verdict-"/>
<persName id="def1-282-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-282-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18990410" type="age" value="68"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18990410" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18990410" type="given" value="CHARLES HANSEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HANSEN BROWN</hi> (68)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-282-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-282-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-282-18990410" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def2-282-18990410" type="surname" value="THORP"/>
<interp inst="def2-282-18990410" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER THORP</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-282-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-282-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-282-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 4s. from
<persName id="t18990410-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-69" type="surname" value="VLANN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-282-offence-1 t18990410-name-69"/>William James Vlann</persName>, and 5s. from
<persName id="t18990410-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-70" type="surname" value="MATTHEW"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-70" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-282-offence-1 t18990410-name-70"/>John Matthew</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MOOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREENFELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-71" type="surname" value="VLANN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-71" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES VLANN</persName> </hi>. I am a ship's cook—on March 9th I was in Fenchurch Street, talking to two friends; Brown came up and asked me if I was looking for a berth—I said, "Yes"—he said, "I know a gentle
<lb/>man who wants a cook for a ship, so you can meet me at one o'clock to
<lb/>morrow in Fenchurch Street"—I and my two friends, Conashan and Simpson, met him next day, and he took us to the Royal Exchange, where we met Smith or Thorp, who said he was a shipping-clerk at Lloyd's Office—he said to me, "What wages do you want?"—I said, "I want £7 10S. a month"—he said, "All right"—he took my papers and said, "You must return to
<lb/>morrow, and I will take your discharges"—on March 11th we went, and he took our papers—he said there was a fee to be paid for the shipping office, which had to be given To Mr. Bulver, the head shipping clerk at Lloyd's Office—I said, "I don't mind giving you the money as long as I get the berth"—he said, "The berth is there for you to get"—I said, "I have not the money this minute, but I will go home for it"—I went with Brown to Fenchurch Street—I said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100017"/>
<p>to him, "I should like to know the name of the ship," and he took a pencil out of his pocket, and wrote the ship's name in my book; here it is now, the ss. Dugwala—I said, "All right, it might be true"—I went home and got the 4s., I returned to the Royal Exchange, and gave it to Thorp—Brown said, I could not obtain the berth without paying the 4s.—on March 14th or 15th I received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Saying that it was a rule at Lloyd's that a small premium should he paid, and returning his discharges, signed "Bulver</hi>")—I went to Lloyd's, but they did not know of such a vessel, or of such a man as Bulver.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Broum</hi>, I did not know you before—I said I would give you a present if I got a ship—you came to my house on the 18th—you sent me this telegram—(
<hi rend="italic">This stated that the surveyors disagreed, and the ship would not sail yet</hi>)—I gave you the money because I thought you were an agent, and that you were going to get me a situation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-72" type="surname" value="MATTHBW"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-72" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MATTHBW</persName> </hi>. I am a ship's steward—vlann spoke to me about getting a berth—I went with him to Fenchuroh Street on March 14th—we met Brown, who took us to the Royal Exchange to see the shipping clerk—we met the other prisoner—vlann asked him if he could get me a berth—he said "Yes," and I gave him some papers—next day I met Thorp again, and deposited 5s. with him———Vlann told me that it was the custom—after having the money Thorpe told me he would be able to put me into the same ship as my friend—I have not got the berth through either of the prisoners—I have not got my 5s. back—there is no such ship.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Brown</hi>, I did not know you before—vlann said that you were a ship's runner, and the other man was a shipping agent at Lloyd's—I did not pay you any money—I did to the other man, in your presence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I gave him one of my discharges; he said it did not matter which I gave him—if I went to get a berth I should take all my discharges.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-73" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-73" type="surname" value="MILN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-73" type="given" value="CABSTAIBS"/>CABSTAIBS MILN</persName> </hi>. I am Assistant Superintendent at Lloyd's Office—neither of the prisoners are connected in any way with that office—I have never to my knowledge seen either of them before—we have no clerk named Bulver—there is no ship in our records registered as the
<hi rend="italic">Duguwala</hi>—Lloyd's have nothing to do with getting berths for men—this letter is not from Lloyd's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Brown.</hi> I know a captain named Hossier.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-74" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-74" type="surname" value="CROUCH"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-74" type="given" value="JESSIE"/>JESSIE CROUCH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>), On March 22nd I was with Ylann, who pointed Brown out to me—I said, "I am a police-officer; you will be charged by Mr. Ylann with stealing 4s. on March 11th"—he said, "All right; I have not had any money"—I took him to the station and said I should detain him while I made inquiries about Thorp, with whom he was concerned—at the station Brown asked if he could refund the money—Vlann said "No"—I searched Brown, and found a quantity of pro
<lb/>perty and this telegram (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) concealed between his trousers and shirt; it is partly in Dutch—it said, "Ship not starting"—I also found a quantity of papers relating to seamen's certificates of discharge—on the 24th, in company with Detective Pearson and Ylann, I was in Fen-church Street—Thorp was standing outside a public-house—seeing Vlann,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100018"/>
<p>he ran through Star Alley; we gave chase and caught him—we told him we were police-officers, and that he would be charged with being con
<lb/>cerned with another man named Brown or Hanson in stealing 4s. from Viann on March 11th—he was taken to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Brown.</hi> I did not ask you to write anything at the station—I detained you there four or five hours—you had not been in long enough for an allowance of food to be made for you—I did not bring the. coloured man in to question you—the Lord Mayor did not find fault with me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-75" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-75" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PEARSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I wai with Crouch when Thorp was arrested—I took him to the station—on the way he began to make a statement; I cautioned him, but he said, "I had the money, and we halved it; Brown told me to do so, and said he would take all the re
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-76" type="surname" value="THORP"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-76" type="given" value="PETER"/>PETER THORP</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>). About a month ago I met Brown—he said, "Will you assist me a little?"—I knew him before as a respectable man—he said he had some sailors whom he wanted to assist, and he asked me to go to the Royal. Exchange and he would be responsible for everything, and see everything was all right—I went there and met Brown, Vlann and Matthew—I looked at some shipping-papers, and as far as I can remember I gave them back again—two or three days after Brown told me to go to the Royal Exchange again—I saw him there, and Vlann and, I think, two others—Brown said he had opportunities to ship some men, and he asked me to confirm his words—that was all I did—no ship's name was mentioned—Vlann came to me and put his hand into my pocket and said, "Here is a present for you; I will see you all right when I sail"—I left them, and afterwards I found 4s. in my pocket—when I saw Brown he claimed half of it, which I gave him—he said if I would do as he told me it would be all right—I had confidence in him—a little later I met him again with some others, and I got 49. out of Matthew, who said to me, "I want to see you privately;" and he put two 28. pieces into my hand—Brown got half of that; he said it was the custom—some days passed, and as Brown had not got any shipping, I said he had better go with me to Vlann and pay the money back—he said he would go the next day—the next day he said he had sent Vlann on board some ship in the West India Dock—I was very glad, but later on I found it was not so, and I said that he must try to get them berths—he said he would be quite sure to get work for them—he sent the discharges back—I never said to anybody that my name was Smith—I never said I was a shipping clerk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been in the ship's chandler business—for the last eighteen months I have been only working on commission—I have nol been loafing about Mark Lane for the last eighteen months; I have been there because ships' captains are there sometimes—for eight months I was with Beaum and Co., in the Minories—that was seven or eight months ago—I first made Brown's acquaintance about eighteen months ago—I have not constantly been in his society—I have seen him, but not to speak to—I only did what Brown told me—afterwards I had my doubts about it—I did not know what the 4s. was for.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Brown.</hi> I recommended you to a ship three or</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100019"/>
<p>four months ago—I have told you my name was Thorpe—I think the last time I saw you was four or five days before I was taken into custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I did not write the letter purporting to come from Bulver—I do not know who wrote it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-282-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-282-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-282-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Brown then Pleaded Guilty to a conviction at this Court on September 12th, 1887. Three other convictions were proved against him and he had served three terms of penal servitude. Twelve Months Hard Labour.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THORP</hi>
<rs id="t18990410-282-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-282-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-282-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-282-18990410 t18990410-282-punishment-19"/>Eight Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that the sailors had done a great public service, and referred them to the Mansion House for remuneration.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, April llth</hi>, 1899.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18990410-283" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-283" type="date" value="18990410"/>
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<persName id="def1-283-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-283-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-283-18990410" type="surname" value="PLKADBD"/>
<interp inst="def1-283-18990410" type="given" value="ERIC PARKER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERIC PARKER</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-283-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-283-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-283-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990410-283-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-283-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-283-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering a receipt for £7 10s., with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-283-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-283-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-283-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-283-18990410 t18990410-283-punishment-20"/>Two Days' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>,</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18990410-284" type="date" value="18990410"/>
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<persName id="def1-284-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-284-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18990410" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18990410" type="given" value="ERIC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERIC PARKER</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18990410-284-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-284-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-284-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>for stealing £7 10s., the money of
<persName id="t18990410-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-79" type="surname" value="HAMMERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-79" type="given" value="CLAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-284-offence-1 t18990410-name-79"/>Claud Hammerton</persName>; also to obtaining the same sum by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">No evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-284-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-284-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-284-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18990410-285" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-285" type="date" value="18990410"/>
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<persName id="def1-285-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-285-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18990410" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18990410" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18990410" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE JONES</hi> (28)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-285-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-285-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-285-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990410-285-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-285-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-285-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18990410-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-81" type="surname" value="HYDERKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-81" type="given" value="SIMON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-285-offence-1 t18990410-name-81"/>Simon Hyderkins</persName>, and stealing a watch, his property; having been convicted at Clerkenwell on July 22nd, 1895.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-285-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-285-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-285-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-285-18990410 t18990410-285-punishment-21"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-286">
<interp inst="t18990410-286" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-286" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-286-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-286-18990410 t18990410-286-offence-1 t18990410-286-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-286-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-286-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18990410" type="age" value="67"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18990410" type="surname" value="MAIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18990410" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MAIN</hi> (67)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-286-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-286-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-286-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to stealing £17 10s. from
<persName id="t18990410-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-83" type="surname" value="ROWE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-83" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-286-offence-1 t18990410-name-83"/>James Rowe</persName>, by means of a trick. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner had spent nearly thirty years in prison.—
<rs id="t18990410-286-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-286-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-286-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-286-18990410 t18990410-286-punishment-22"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990410-286-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-286-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-286-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18990410-287" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-287" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-287-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18990410 t18990410-287-offence-1 t18990410-287-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-287-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-287-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18990410" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18990410" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18990410" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WILLIS</hi> (15),</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-287-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-287-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-287-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to forging and uttering a cheque for £323 10s., with intent to defraud.—5th; </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-287-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-287-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-287-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18990410 t18990410-287-punishment-23"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990410-287-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-287-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-287-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18990410-288" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-288" type="date" value="18990410"/>
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<persName id="def1-288-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-288-18990410" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18990410" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18990410" type="surname" value="BUCKLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18990410" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE BUCKLE</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-288-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-288-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-288-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering a cheque for £3, with intent to defraud; also to obtaining the said amount by false pre
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the prosecutor, who offered to take her back into his service.—
<rs id="t18990410-288-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-288-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-288-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-288-18990410 t18990410-288-punishment-24"/>Two Days' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990410-288-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-288-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-288-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-289-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-289-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18990410" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18990410" type="surname" value="YETTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18990410" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM YETTON</hi> (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-289-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-289-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-289-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, to maliciously damaging two panes of glass, value £15. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He had been several times convicted of similar offences.—
<rs id="t18990410-289-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-289-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-289-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-289-18990410 t18990410-289-punishment-25"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990410-289-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-289-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-289-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-290">
<interp inst="t18990410-290" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-290" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-290-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-290-18990410 t18990410-290-offence-1 t18990410-290-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-290-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-290-18990410" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18990410" type="surname" value="HENDERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18990410" type="given" value="LUCY ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LUCY ANNIE HENDERSON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18990410-290-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-290-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-290-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering a cheque for £2, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-290-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-290-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-290-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-290-18990410 t18990410-290-punishment-26"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990410-290-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-290-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-290-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-291">
<interp inst="t18990410-291" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-291" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-291-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18990410 t18990410-291-offence-1 t18990410-291-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-291-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-291-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18990410" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18990410" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18990410" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS JOHNSON</hi> (53)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-291-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-291-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-291-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, to unlawfully attempting to kill and murder himself.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-291-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-291-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-291-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18990410-291-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-291-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-291-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18990410 t18990410-291-punishment-27"/>Judgment respited. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-292">
<interp inst="t18990410-292" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-292" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-292-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-292-18990410 t18990410-292-offence-1 t18990410-292-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-292-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-292-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18990410" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18990410" type="surname" value="MILES"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18990410" type="given" value="ALBERT CLARE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT CLARE MILES</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-292-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-292-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-292-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>, to obtaining credit to the amount of £20 and upwards from the
<persName id="t18990410-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-90" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-292-offence-1 t18990410-name-90"/>Grosvenor Hotel Company</persName>, without informing them that he was an undischarged bankrupt.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-292-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-292-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-292-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18990410-292-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-292-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-292-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-292-18990410 t18990410-292-punishment-28"/>Judgment respited. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-29">
<interp inst="t18990410-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-29" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-18990410 t18990410-29-offence-1 t18990410-29-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-29-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18990410" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18990410" type="surname" value="VAUTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18990410" type="given" value="CLAUDE THEODORE JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLAUDE THEODORE JAMES VAUTIN</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>, to unlawfully obtain
<lb/>ing goods on credit within four months of his bankruptcy; also to obtaining by false pretences nineteen certificates of shares on the
<persName id="t18990410-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-92" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-29-offence-1 t18990410-name-92"/> Denver and Rio Grande Railway Company</persName>, and other shares in other railway companies.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-29-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-29-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-29-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-18990410 t18990410-29-punishment-29"/>Six Months' Imprisonment without Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18990410-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-294">
<interp inst="t18990410-294" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-294" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-294-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-294-18990410 t18990410-294-offence-1 t18990410-294-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100020"/>
<persName id="def1-294-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-294-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-294-18990410" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-294-18990410" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-294-18990410" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE EDWARDS</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-294-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-294-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-294-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his possession with intent to utter it.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi> for utter
<lb/>ing the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-94" type="surname" value="HARRINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-94" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HARRINGTON</persName> </hi>. I keep the Wheatsheaf beerhouse at 2, Commercial Road—on March I8th, in the evening, the prisoner came in, and asked for a small glass of stout—I served him, and he gave me bad money—I knew it was bad by the feel of it—I asked him if he had any more like it; and he said to me, "Who are you talking to?"—I sent for a police officer, who took him into custody—I never saw him
<lb/>before—he was quite sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-95" type="surname" value="FARMER"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-95" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE FARMER</persName> </hi> (51 H.). I was called in to the Wheatsheaf, and saw the prisoner there—I said, "This gentleman charges you with uttering this bad half-crown"—he made no reply—I found in his right vest
<lb/>pocket 3 half-crowns done up in a piece of newspaper, and 2 in his left pocket packed in the same way (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—he said not a word as to how he became possessed of the coins—I took him to the Police-station—no good money was found upon him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-96" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-96" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOUN"/>WILLIAM JOUN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of coin in Her Majesty's Mint—these five counterfeit half-crowns are all from the same mould—they are not very good impressions.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-294-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-294-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-294-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Several previous convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18990410-294-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-294-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-294-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-294-18990410 t18990410-294-punishment-30"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-295">
<interp inst="t18990410-295" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-295" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-295-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-295-18990410 t18990410-295-offence-1 t18990410-295-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-295-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-295-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18990410" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18990410" type="surname" value="BUCKLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18990410" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BUCKLAND</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-295-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-295-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-295-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAETRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-98" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-98" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I assist my father, a confectioner, of 109, Gold
<lb/>smith's Road, Hackney Road—on March 3rd, about 5.15 p.m, the pri
<lb/>soner came in for a pennyworth of cough drops, and gave me a half-crown—I noticed it was light—I took it to my father, who came and gave the prisoner into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-99" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-99" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>HENRY GEORGE SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I am the father of the last witness—I examined the half-crown that she brought to me, and found it bad—I went into the shop and asked the prisoner if he knew it was bad—he said, "No"—I gave him into custody—he said he had had it given to him for carrying a parcel to Dalston Lane.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-100" type="surname" value="WRIGHTSON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-100" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WRIGHTSON</persName> </hi> (147 J). I was called to this shop, and saw the prisoner—I asked him where he got the half-crown—he said, "I received it as wages from a Jew for carrying a parcel from against the Post Office to Dalston Railway Arch"—I took him to the Police-station, and found on him a penny—I formally charged him, and he made the same reply—he gave his name as William Butler, and "no fixed abode" as his address—he was charged before a Magistrate, remanded from the 4th to the 7th, and there being no other case, he was discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-101" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-101" type="surname" value="CAYLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-101" type="given" value="JESSIE"/>JESSIE CAYLEY</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Crown and Shuttle, High Street, Shoreditch—on March 26th, about 8 o'clock, I was serving in the bar when the prisoner came in and called for a pot of four ale—he paid me with a half-crown, which he slipped along the counter—I found it was bad, and took it to my mistress—she came into the bar, and asked the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100021"/>
<p>prisoner if he had any more—he said "No," and that it was taken for a debt in Brick Lane—a constable was sent for, and he was given into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-102" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-102" type="surname" value="BOWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-102" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE BOWDEN</persName> </hi>. I am landlady of the Crown and Shuttle—the barmaid brought me this half-crown—I took it to my husband, and we tested it together and I went into the bar and said to the prisoner, "Do you know this is a wrong one?"—I asked him how many more he had got upon him—he said a man had paid it back to him last Friday for a debt in a public-house in Brick Lane—I sent for a constable—my potman detained the prisoner, who said to him, "Oh,
<hi rend="italic">cheese it, cockie!</hi> "—he told my potman he had taken it at the Globe.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-103" type="surname" value="O'CONNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-103" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH O'CONNELL</persName> </hi>. I am potman at the Crown and Shuttle—I took charge of the prisoner till the police came—he said to me, "
<hi rend="italic">Cheese it, cockle!</hi> I have just got this from the Globe to
<lb/>night"—I did not under
<lb/>stand what he meant.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-104" type="surname" value="QUINLON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-104" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES QUINLON</persName> </hi> (122
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). I was called to the Crown and Shuttle, and saw the prisoner in the potman's custody—I asked him where he got the half-crown—he said he had taken it at dinner time that very day for a debt owing to him by
<hi rend="italic">Jack</hi> Smith—I searched him and found on him 11 1/2 d. in bronze—I charged him at the station, but he made no answer there—I asked him his name—he said John Buckland, and that his ad
<lb/>dress was in Little Pearl Street; he did not know the number—we found that the description was false throughout.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-105" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-105" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER.</persName> </hi> I am Inspector of coin to Her Majesty's Mint—the two, half-crowns produced are from different moulds.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-295-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-295-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-295-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He had been previously convicted of burglary.—
<rs id="t18990410-295-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-295-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-295-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-295-18990410 t18990410-295-punishment-31"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-296">
<interp inst="t18990410-296" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-296" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-296-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-296-18990410 t18990410-296-offence-1 t18990410-296-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-296-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-296-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18990410" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18990410" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18990410" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SMITH</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-296-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-296-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-296-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a wooden case and 526 rolls of ribbon, the property of
<persName id="t18990410-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-107" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-107" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-296-offence-1 t18990410-name-107"/>William George Thomas</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PASSMORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-108" type="surname" value="OTTAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN OTTAWAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). On March 20th I was in St. Mary Axe—I saw the prisoner with a trolly and a large case upon it—I noticed that he was nervous, and followed him into a narrow alley—he saw me coming, dropped the truck, and ran away—I followed him about 200 yards, shouting, "Stop thief!" and then caught him—I said, "I am a police-officer, where did you get that case from?"—he said, "I do not know anything about the case"—I took him to the station—the case con
<lb/>tained 526 rolls of satin ribbon—I asked him where he got it—he said, "1 found it in the gutter outside a public-house in Camomile Street"—inquiries were made, and it was found that the case had been stolen about a quarter of an hour previously from Love Lane—he refused to give his address—he made no reply when charged.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You did not say at the station that you had been told by two men to carry the case to Petticoat Lane.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-109" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-109" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>WILLIAM GEORGE THOMAS</persName> </hi>. I am a silk merchant, of Little Love Lane—on March 20th, about 2.30 p.m., I missed this case of satin ribbon—I next saw it about 3.30 or 3.45 at the Police-station, and identified it—the trolly was not mine—I did not know the prisoner—he bad no authority to deal with the property.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100022"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-110" type="surname" value="OTTAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN OTTAWAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). He did not make any statement as to how he became possessed of this case, except that he found it outside a public-house in Camomile Street—he did not say what he was going to do with it—he gave no reason for running away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-296-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-296-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-296-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then Pleaded Guilty to a conviction at North London Sessions on March 1st, 1898, and six other convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18990410-296-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-296-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-296-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-296-18990410 t18990410-296-punishment-32"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, April</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grantham.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-297">
<interp inst="t18990410-297" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-297" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-297-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-297-18990410 t18990410-297-offence-1 t18990410-297-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-297-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-297-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18990410" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18990410" type="surname" value="TEISSEDRE"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18990410" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAURICE TEISSEDRE</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-297-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-297-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-297-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>, Sending a letter to
<persName id="t18990410-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-112" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-112" type="surname" value="BOUGARTZ"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-112" type="given" value="MARIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-297-offence-1 t18990410-name-112"/>Marie Bougartz</persName>, demanding money with menaces.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BOND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-113" type="surname" value="BOUGARTZ"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-113" type="given" value="MARIE"/>MARIE BOUGARTZ</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>)—I am a dressmaker, of 28, Westbourne Street, Sloane Square, I am a Belgian, and unmarried—I lived with the prisoner for 10 years—the first year he had plenty of money, but he spent it all, and I supported him for 9 years—we separated last September, when we were living at 37, Empire Court—he tried to make a business in Ostend—I gave him money to go with, and I sent him some more at Christmas—I received some letters from him asking for money—he said he was surprised that he had not had any news from me, and that he would not do me any harm for 48 hours, but if he did not get some money from me, he would let all my friends in my village know of my private life—that was in the last letter—I burned his former letters—I saw him at Ostend once before Christmas—I returned to London, and went to Madame Joicey's at 103, Arthur Street, Chelsea—that is a re
<lb/>spectable house—I left there on February 15th, when I heard that the prisoner had returned to London—I did not live with him again—I sup
<lb/>plied him with money to return to Ostend—I did not see him again till he was in custody—when I left Arthur Street I went to Southampton—I then returned to London and went to Brixton, and then to the Elep
<lb/>hant and Castle, always to get out of his way—when I was in London, Madame Joicey handed me this letter—it is in the prisoner's writing (
<hi rend="italic">In
<lb/>terpreted</hi>): "London, March 13th, 1899. Dear Madame,—I am very much surprised not to have had news from you; all the more so as I was in great straits, having no room or lodging, not knowing where to go, nothing to eat, no linen I hope that by your good heart, before I do you some bad turn, that within 48 hours I expect a reply before writing to the mayor of your village, or town, in order to avoid that all the village should come to know what bad conduct you have had; that you have been in prison at Bordeaux; that you have been expelled, and afterwards had been in Brussels and Rochelle. I shall not neglect anything, telling them of your present conduct in London on the streets now, and of the miserable blackguard with whom you live. I hope you will not make it necessary for me to communicate with your family. Send me a few pence that I may have my washing and something to eat. I hope to receive the money by post, c/o Robert, Titchfield Street, Dean Street, Soho. I embrace thee.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">MAURICE</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100023"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TEISSEDRE</hi>. P.S.—I want you to let me have my pawn-tickets"—I had two pawn-tickets of his, and the other is my own property—the prisoner had the money for the rings and watch—I am quite ready to give him the pawn-tickets back—Madame Joicey received the letter for me—she opened it; I told her to—I am well thought of in my own village—the people there do not know anything about my conduct—I am very sorry to be in this situation—I do not wish to do him any harm; I only want him to leave me alone—I did not send him any money in consequence of this threat; I communicated with the police.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I have got the pawn-ticket for a ring for £3—the breast pin is mine—the bedding and sheets are my own.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I pawned the things at his request—I had the money for my own things.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-114" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-114" type="surname" value="JOICEY"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-114" type="given" value="MARIE"/>MARIE JOICEY</persName> </hi>. I am married, and am the owner of 109, Arthur Street, Chelsea—I let apartments—the last witness came to live with me on November, 8th—she left about February 15th or 16th—the prisoner called at my house on February 23rd, about 11 p.m.—he asked for Madame Marguerite, his wife; that is the last witness—I never knew her proper name—I told him she was away—he came again on the 24th, be
<lb/>tween five and six, with another young man, who said he was a detective—I said if he was a detective he must show me his badge—I asked him to show it to the policeman—I went to fetch one, and when I returned the prisoner had gone, and the other man said he wanted to come into my house by force to search—both of them said that; and they both insulted and ill
<lb/>treated me—I refused to let them come in, and a police-man came and sent the men away—they used bad language to me—I received this letter—the prosecutrix told me to open any letters that came for her, and I took it to Brixton for her; and then to the Elephant and Castle—the prisoner came to my house 12 times and at all times.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You have been to my house at. two o'clock in the morning; I can produce witnesses to prove it—you abused me and threatened to treat my house to a bomb.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-115" type="surname" value="SEABRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-115" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SEABRIGHT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector C</hi>). On March 15th, about 3.45 p.m., I saw the prisoner in Arthur Street, Chelsea—I was in plain clothes—I spoke to him—he did not understand, and I called a constable who can speak French, who translated—the prisoner had a telegram on him asking him to call at 109, Arthur Street, at four o'clock that day—(
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>) "I shall arrive at 109, Arthur Street, Chelsea; come there at four"—that was sent to him so that we could arrest him—we did not know where he was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-116" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-116" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HOBBS</persName> </hi> (374
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>). I speak French—Seabright called me on March 15th—I told the prisones in French that he would be arrested for living on the immoral earnings of Marie Bougartz—he said, "It is not true"—he said he lived with her for ten years, and had 10,000 francs when he first joined her; that he left her in September and went to Ostend; that he had worked there till February, when he returned to London; and has been living with a friend—at the station I said he would be charged with demanding money with menaces—he made no reply to that.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100024"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The certificate from your employers at Ostend they had I at the Court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "I do not wish to say anything, but if you will let me go I will not trouble her again. I ask her pardon."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-117" type="surname" value="TEISSEDRE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-117" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>MAURICE TEISSEDRE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>). The prosecutrix came to Ostend, and when she left she owed seven francs to the landlord; she said she would send it, but as she did not, I paid it for her—I waited till March 12th, and then, not seeing her, I sent tho letter—as to the money and things. I make ber a present of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-297-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-297-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-297-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-297-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-297-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-297-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-297-18990410 t18990410-297-punishment-33"/>To enter into recognizances.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-298">
<interp inst="t18990410-298" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-298" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-298-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-298-18990410 t18990410-298-offence-1 t18990410-298-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-298-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-298-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18990410" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18990410" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18990410" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HARRISON</hi> (31)</persName> (
<hi rend="italic">A negro</hi>),
<rs id="t18990410-298-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-298-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-298-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>Rape on
<persName id="t18990410-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-119" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-119" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-298-offence-1 t18990410-name-119"/>Louisa Young</persName>, and assaulting and beating her.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-120" type="surname" value="HUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-120" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>MR. ARTHUR HUTTON</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-298-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-298-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-298-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-298-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-298-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-298-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-298-18990410 t18990410-298-punishment-34"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-299">
<interp inst="t18990410-299" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-299" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-299-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-299-18990410 t18990410-299-offence-1 t18990410-299-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-299-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-299-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18990410" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18990410" type="surname" value="KINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18990410" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED KINGHAM</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-299-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-299-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-299-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Killing and slaying
<persName id="t18990410-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-122" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-122" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-299-offence-1 t18990410-name-122"/>James White</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SHERWOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-123" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-123" type="surname" value="SATCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-123" type="given" value="AMY"/>AMY SATCHELL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Frederick William Satchell, land-lord of the Apollo public-house, at the corner of East Street and Paddington Street, Marylebone—the prisoner and a man named Haynes were in the bar on Easter Monday afternoon—the deceased and his brother George White came in—they began to
<hi rend="italic">jangle</hi>, and I went round and told White and his brother to leave the house—they went into another bar—I told them to leave that—James was making the most noise—the two Whites went out—I said to the others that I was sur
<lb/>prised that Haynes, with a horse and cab, should want to quarrel—none of them appeared the worse for drink.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew the deceased; he had used the house for years—he was not a quarrelsome man—he started it first on this day—I did not hear the prisoner say, "It is holiday time; do not let there be any
<hi rend="italic">rowing</hi>."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-124" type="surname" value="JOYCE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-124" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER JOYCE</persName> </hi>. I live at 44, Paddington Street, nearly opposite the Apollo—I was looking out at my window on Easter Monday, about 6.10—I saw the prisoner and Haynes outside, and White and his brother—I only knew the Whites then—they all crossed East Street, and at the opposite corner I saw the deceased strike the prisoner on the face with his right hand, and knock him down—they were all arguing—that was the first blow struck—Haynes and deceased fought in the road—Haynes fell to the ground from a blow given by the deceased, who stood over him waiting for him to get up—Kingham came up and dealt the deceased a swinging right hand blow which knocked him down—he came from the opposite side of the street—the deceased was looking down at Haynes on the ground; the prisoner came up to deceased sideways—I cannot swear where he hit him, but when I got down to the street I found he had a cut over his right eye—he struck his head on the stone crossing—I arrested Haynes—Kingham was not there then—I took the deceased to the hospital—he was unconscious; he was assisted into a cab—there was a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100025"/>
<p>little blood from the back of his head, but more from the wound over his forehead.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I think it was the blow against the kerb which caused the man's death—I have known White about ten years—I have never been in his company—my room is on the third floor—the men were just opposite—it was day
<lb/>light—White was not in a fighting position when he was standing over Haynes—I did not hear any shouting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The other man Butt was with the prisoner and Haynes—the two Whites were by themselves—George White was quarrelling with Butt when the deceased was knocked down—Butt and the prisoner went away—Haynes was drunk—he was standing up when I got down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-125" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-125" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WALKER</persName> </hi>. I am 12 years old, and live at 66, East Street—I saw this quarrel on Easter Monday afternoon—I was at the corner of East Street and Paddington Street—I did not see the five men come out of the Apollo—I did not see Haynes struck, I saw him on the ground—I saw White run at Haynes as if he was going to strike him—the prisoner came across the road, and gave White a swinging blow on his face with his right hand—the deceased was standing as if he was going to strike Haynes—White fell to the ground.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see White strike Haynes—I do not know if the deceased's fists were clenched.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-126" type="surname" value="BROUGHTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-126" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BROUGHTON</persName> </hi>. I am a stableman, of 47, Lisson Street, Marylo
<lb/>bone—on Easter Monday I saw this quarrel; I saw the five men—I know the Whites, but not Butt—I was about ten yards away—I saw them all fighting—Kingham crossed the road, and struck the deceased with his right hand he went up the road—I followed him and took hold of his arm—I said, "Come back"—he said, "Leave go, or I will set about you—I went back and helped the deceased into a cab—Kingham came up at the back of the deceased, who was standing over Haynes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The deceased had his fists clenched, and was standing over his man—as the prisoner crossed the road the deceased turned his head just as the blow was delivered.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Haynes is about thirty—the deceased was about fifty.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-127" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-127" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHITE</persName> </hi>. I live at Dorset Mews—I am the deceaseds brother—he was about fifty-four years old—he was a carman and contractor—I was in his company on Easter Bank Holiday—I did not see the below struck—I do not know how many men were there—I picked my brother up and took him to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-128" type="surname" value="COOKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-128" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK COOKSON</persName> </hi>. I was Resident Medical Officer at the Middle-sex Hospital when the deceased was brought in on Easter Bank Holiday about 6.30—he died in about twenty minutes from compression of the brain, brought on by a blow—I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination, and found that the base of the skull was fractured—there was a cut over the right eyebrow—all the organs wore healthy, and he was a strong, muscular man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The blow was over the right eye—he could not have been struck from behind; he must have been struck from the side—he must have fallen on something hard—the blow in front had nothing to do with the death.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100026"/>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-129" type="surname" value="KINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-129" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED KINGHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>). I live at 113, Portman Buildings, Lisson Grove—I am a a plumbers' mate—about 3.30 on Easter Monday I went into the Apollo public-house—I saw Haynes there—he is a friend of mine—White and his brother were there—there was a dispute—I said, "Don't let us have any
<hi rend="italic">rows</hi>; it is holiday time"—one of them pushed me back into a seat—they were ordered out—Haynes and I re
<lb/>mained behind for five or six minutes; then we went outside—I was saying good-bye to Haynes, when somebody came and struck me in the face and knocked me down—when I got up I saw Haynes down in the road—I went over to assist him up, and White put his hands up in a fighting atti
<lb/>tude and came towards me—I put my hands up to defend myself, and the deceased fell; I must have struck him—I am 21—I have never been in any trouble or fight before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had never seen the deceased before—the
<hi rend="italic">rowing</hi> began between Haynes and White—I did not expect to see White outside—I did not see James White strike any blows—I dispute that I struck the deceased a very violent blow—I was very excited and dazed—I had been drinking, but I knew perfectly well what I was doing—I walked away after it; Broughton caught me up.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was arrested at my house, where the police found me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-130" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-130" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS HAYNES</persName> </hi>. I am a cabdriver, of 20, Northampton Street, Clerken
<lb/>well—I remember going into the Apollo on this day; the prisoner was there—the Whites came in—we stayed a few minutes after they went out—we went outside, and as I was getting on to my cab the deceased rushed round the corner and dealt Kingham a blow, which knocked him down—he fell on the top of him and kept on hitting him—I said, "Let him get up;" and the deceased said, "I will serve you b—well the same"—he came
<hi rend="italic">for me</hi>, and started going backwards—I saw two men, and one of them struck me a blow which knocked me down—when I got up I saw the deceased on the ground.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The deceased did not strike me; I think it was James White—I was on the ground when the deceased was struck by Kingham—I saw Butt in the public-house; he was not one of our party.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-299-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-299-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-299-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, April</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-300">
<interp inst="t18990410-300" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-300" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-300-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-300-18990410 t18990410-300-offence-1 t18990410-300-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-300-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-300-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18990410" type="surname" value="SILBERSTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18990410" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUIS SILBERSTON</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-300-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-300-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-300-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990410-300-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-300-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-300-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>unlawfully offering gifts to a receiver of stores to induce him to place into store certain police helmets. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received an excellent character.—
<rs id="t18990410-300-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-300-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-300-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-300-18990410 t18990410-300-punishment-35"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-301">
<interp inst="t18990410-301" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-301" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-301-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-301-18990410 t18990410-301-offence-1 t18990410-301-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-301-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-301-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18990410" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18990410" type="surname" value="CASSEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18990410" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CASSEN</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-301-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-301-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-301-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing two top pieces of beef, and four boxes of pork, the property of
<persName id="t18990410-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-133" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-133" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-301-offence-1 t18990410-name-133"/>Edward Morris</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RANDOLPH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-134" type="surname" value="SPENCER"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-134" type="given" value="ALFRED BALL"/>ALFRED BALL SPENCER</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Morris, a meat salesman of the Central Meat Market—he deals largely in refrigerated beef and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100027"/>
<p>pork—these boxes (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) all bear the name of Nelson and Morris—that is the name of the firm in America—we have white and buff sale notes—when meat is sold, the salesman writes on the note what the man buys and puts the price per stone as agreed, and the purchaser's name on the note and counterfoil, and the meat is taken to the scalesman who weighs it and places the weight in the first column—it is then handed to a clerk who reckons the amount and enters it in a book, and the sale note is filed—the process is the same both with credit and cash customers—I tally up the books at night—prior to January we found considerable loss at the end of the day, and on January 13th we were two top pieces short, worth £5 each, and two boxes of pork £1 each—we had not sold to Ward, Stewart, or Higley that day—on January 13th we had a porter named Higley, known as
<hi rend="italic">Soldier</hi>—he has absconded—his duty was to lift the meat or do anything he was required—he had no authority to sell meat or to buy on his own account—the salesmen are dressed differently to the porters—on January 20th eight boxes of pork were short—we did not sell to Cassen, Ward, Stewart, or Higley that day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The practice is to enter the particulars in the day book from the sale note; this is it (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—a similar form of sale note was in use last year, but this special form since December 30th—R.M stands for "ready money"—there are fourteen R.M.—those do not give the purchaser's name—the sale notes would not be marked R.M., nor would they have any name—this is not a sale note it is a ticket on which the clerk puts the customer's name—you might buy meat and have a ticket for it, but unless you pay the money it would not be sent to you—these (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) are the sale notes of January I3th—this "Sold to R. M., £4 6s. 6d.," is beef—I do not find the names of Higley, Stewart, or Ward in the books—I have made inquiries, and they did not buy on January 13th—there are no ready-money tickets for the two top pieces—this is the pork book (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—in a cash transaction the cashier would require the cash at the time—I have seen the tickets found on the prisoner when he was arrested—the pork all comes from Morris's in boxes like this—they sometimes contain 4, sometimes 5,. and sometimes 6 loins of pork—we sometimes find one short—they would not be turned out; they would be counted as they were entered—I know many hundreds of our ready-money customers—I do not know that the prisoner has been a regular customer—people some
<lb/>times combine together to get a larger quantity at a lower price; but you very seldom find three stall-keepers without some amount of com
<lb/>petition, and they do not combine—they are generally all there together—there would be an advantage in one man buying a triple quantity.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have no doubt whatever that we were two top pieces short that day—four boxes of pork could not honestly have been taken, out of the shop without my knowing it, and some record of it—this ticket is the customer's receipt—we are still short.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-135" type="surname" value="BELSON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-135" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>WILLIAM GEORGE BELSON</persName> </hi>. I am a porter at the Central Meat Market, and am known as
<hi rend="italic">Sunlight</hi>—I go about the market carrying meat—I. know Oliver, commonly called
<hi rend="italic">Soldier</hi>—he came out of Mr. Morris's shop with his smock on on January 13th, and in consequence of what he said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100028"/>
<p>I went in, and he gave me 2 top pieces, which I took, in consequence of what he said, to Hall, jun., the carrier, and later on, about 10 o'clock, the prisoner came to me and said, "There are 2 boxes of pork at Morris's," and told me to take them to Hall, the carrier, and a little afterwards
<hi rend="italic">Soldier</hi> told me to take 2 more boxes—I went into Morris's shop, and took them, and
<hi rend="italic">Soldier</hi> told me to take them to the carrier—on January 20th
<hi rend="italic">Soldier</hi> came out and spoke to me on the rank, which is about the length and a-half of this Court from the shop—I went in and got eight boxes of pork from
<hi rend="italic">Soldier</hi> and another man named Maddock, and gave them to Mr. Hall, the father, two at a time—the prisoner paid me, but I cannot remember how much—I was never paid on the same day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My attention was first called to this a day or two be
<lb/>fore I gave evidence before the Magistrate on February 16th—I am em
<lb/>ployed in the market by anybody who wants meat carried, and have from two to six jobs a day, and sometimes a dozen on Fridays—I also took a top piece to Whiting the carrier on the Thursday in the next week, for which Jones has been charged, I remembered the boxes of pork when the market constable spoke to me I told him about the pork as well as the beef—I did not mention the pork before the Magistrate on January 16th, but I did on the next examination—I keep no book—I have been taking things to the carrier's cart for the prisoner for some months—I saw him several times a week in the market—I know Higley and Ward—I have seen them in the market with the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined. Soldier</hi> asked me to take the meat on the Thursday, and the result of that is that Jones has been sentenced.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-136" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-136" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HALL</persName> </hi>. Junr. I assist my father, a meat-carrier, of Daintry Street, Hackney—on January 13th Belson brought me a top piece in the market and afterwards another, and I put them on my pony cart, and before I went away he gave me 2 boxes of pork—I met the prisoner in Barbican—he said, "What have you got for me?"—I said, "Two boxes of pork and two top sides"—he said, "Go on; get down there"—I had directions from Belson where to go—the prisoner gave me a cloth, and said, "Cover this over the meat when you get down there"—I threw it on the cart, but not over the meat, and then went to the prisoner's stall—he was not there; but 2 men whom I did not know opened the cart, and put the meat on the stall—I gave them the cloth and told them to cover it over the meat, because they were my instructions—I got a job further Along, and came back past the prisoner's stall, and he gave me 3d., but said nothing—later in the day I delivered 2 boxes of pork at the prisoner's stall; and on the 20th I received 2 boxes of pork from Belson and took them to the prisoner's stall and gob my coffee money from him; And on the same day I received 4 boxes, which I took to the prisoner's house, because the stall was not there at that time of night; Mrs. Cassin took them in—I received 2s. from the prisoner; my father told me to ask for it—beef is covered with a cloth to separate it; but it is usual to cover it up on a stall unless the owner is there; it is not allowed to be seen, to prevent anybody stealing any.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Covering it up would keep dust and rain off—I had it open in my cart from the Meat Market to Bethnal Green—I made the first journey about 10 o'clock, and got the two boxes about 12</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100029"/>
<p>o'clock—I did not receive them both between 9 and 10—I received the first lot on Friday at 9, and the second lot a little after 1—it is not correct to say that I received the whole 8 boxes at one delivery—I have been taking meat to Cassen since January—I had from 2 to 4 journeys a day to different customers—I remember January 4th by my father's books—it was between February 16th and 23rd that I spoke to the market constable about the pork—I had not looked at the books then, I was relying on my memory—I said before the Magistrate the second time that I had examined my father's books—on Saturday night I wrote out my father's bills—I had not looked at them to find out the 18th and 20th of January, but I looked at them to make sure—this is the entry of the 13th, and here is the entry of the second lot, 2 boxes of pork delivered on January 13th,—the 2 top-pieces and boxes are on one line because we put them down together—this is the entry of January 20th—I know Ward and Higley—Higley has a stall in Bethnal Green also, I have seen them in the market with Cassen, and took meat for them once—I took Ward's goods to the same room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I do not say that the things were given to me just before I started, I make my journey when I have got enough—Cassen's stall is not a big one, a top side would be seen there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-137" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-137" type="given" value="WM"/>WM. HALL</persName> </hi>. I am a meat-carrier of 4, Daintre Street, Victoria Park—I find in my book an entry of 2 boxes of pork on January 13th, and 2 on February 2nd—Cassen and Son settled with me for that; he paid 2s., but he borrowed it—on January 20th I find 2 entries "
<hi rend="italic">Jack</hi>, 2 boxes pork" and "
<hi rend="italic">Jack</hi>, 4 boxes pork"—the prisoner settled for that, he gave me 1s. 6d.—I saw him every morning—I told him Mr. Mears would like to see him about 2 top-pieces—I saw Mr. Mears, it might have been a day or two afterwards; he said nothing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen Higley and Ward in the market with Cassen; they used to do business together—they all three had stalls at the east end of London—I have been taking meat to Cassin for four or five months occasionally—there are other porters in the market—I have left meat at Cassen's, and gone on to Higley or Ward if they have been over-loaded.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. They have got their own barrow, and take away their own meat sometimes; if they cannot they employ me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-138" type="surname" value="MEARS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-138" type="given" value="EBENEZER"/>EBENEZER MEARS</persName> </hi>. I am head-constable of the Central Meat Market—I have had the conduct of this inquiry—I first saw Hall on February 1st. and he made a statement—on February 16th I saw Cassen in my office, and said, "A man named Jones, in Pentonville Prison, sent for me and made a statement that 2 top pieces were taken by a man named Belson, who took them to a carman named Hall, and forwarded them to your place; what you say I shall take down in writing"—he said, "I recollect a man called
<hi rend="italic">Soldier</hi> asking me to buy two top pieces, he said he had bought them of a man, and that they were thrown on his hands. I bought them for £3 8s., and
<hi rend="italic">Soldier</hi> sent a porter in for them, and sent them on to me. I received the top pieces by Hall, the carrier, I gave
<hi rend="italic">Soldier</hi> 2s. 3d. per stone. A friend of mine named Ward brought one of the top pieces, he knew where I got</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100030"/>
<p>the meat from. I have never bought anything from Morris's unless I received a ticket for it. I have not heard there is a warrant out against
<hi rend="italic">Soldier</hi>, nor have I heard he has absconded to America. I did not buy any boxes of pork from Morris on January 13th last. I had 4 boxes of pork, but not from Morris; they were brought by Hall, the carrier; Ward had 2 boxes, and I had 2 boxes. Mine were taken to my house. Ward took his away. I received 8 boxes of pork on January 20th last; they were brought to my house by Hall, the carrier. A man named Higley bought them, and wo divided them afterwards between us. Higley had 3 boxes; I had 2 boxes; Ward had 2 boxes; J. Stewart had 1 box. I paid Higley for mine. I sent the old man who works for me with Higley's boxes on Saturday morning. A stout fellow I know, named Peck, took Ward's and Stewart's. I did not receive any other boxes that day. I received 4 boxes of pork on the following Tuesday, January 24th. Hall, the carrier, took them down. All these boxes of pork were brought to me by a porter known as
<hi rend="italic">Sunlight.</hi> I think Ward brought them from Jennings. I did not buy them. These were delivered to my stall; I had 2 of them, and Ward had 2 boxes. Ward's boxes were taken by a man named Peck on a barrow. I received no boxes of pork from Morris on the 13th, nor the 20th, nor the 23rd, nor the 24th of January, 1899. Ward paid me for the boxes at my stall"—I did not ask him to sign that—Bird and I took him to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know him very well as a customer in the market—I have seen Higley and Ward outside here—I recognise them both—I cannot say that I have seen them with Cassen—I have seen them often in the market—he answered my questions perfectly candidly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> His wages were about 35s. a week—it would be right for one of our porters to purchase top pieces.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">A B. SPENCER</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This book relates to every alternate day—" 2 p." and "1 p." means pigs—I have found a ticket of December 21st for kidneys, in the name of Higley, £2 2s.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-139" type="surname" value="CASSEN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-139" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CASSEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>). I am 29 years of ago—I was with Mr. Grove, a butcher, 10 years; and 4 years at another place—about 3 years ago I lefthome and started in business for myself at a permanent stall in Bethnal Green Road—that is a stall permitted by the police; it is taken in at night—no one else is permitted to use it—I do not pay for the permission—I have bought meat of Mr. Mears two or three times a week, and some of his tickets were found on me—I do not always keep them—I have never had any other document—I had no particular reasons for keeping these three tickets—(
<hi rend="italic">Dated November and December 31st, 1898, and January</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899)—I buy where it is cheapest, and am not a regular customer of any salesman—on February 16th the market constable called on me to give an explanation of these 2 top pieces of beef—I got them from Oliver—I was buying some mutton on the Friday morning, and he came up and asked me if I had bought any beef—I said, "No"—he said that a friend of his had, asked him to buy some, and they would come to £3 8s.—I agreed to take them from him—they were outside Burton's shop—he showed me a ticket of the weight and price, which is lost—I asked him to get a porter, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100031"/>
<p>take it to Hall—I saw it in young Hall's possession, and told him to cover it to keep the dust from it—I keep no books of my purchases—Highley and Ward keep stalls in Bethnal Green Road, and I buy stock for the three—I get it cheaper; it is sent home in my name, and I share it out with them—I buy nearly every Friday—on February 16th I had more memory than I have now of what pork I bought on January 13th—either of us bought the pork on Fridays; Hall does not always deliver it; we either took it ourselves, or he takes it for us—I have never bought or received pork from Oliver—I do not remember the date when Hall delivered pork—I have sent it to my house more than once—I remember 4 boxes at one time, but I cannot remember who brought it—I close my stall at 2 p.m., and if Hall did not find me at my stall he would take the meat to my house—that occurs about twice a month—I buy 8 or 10 boxes at & time—I cannot remember any date when I bought 8 boxes—there are 4 loins in a box—I bought 4 boxes last Friday, and 6 boxes the Friday before between me and Ward—the price of a box is about 15s.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not deny that the 2 top pieces were delivered to me on January 13th by Hall—I knew that Oliver was in Morris's employ—he had his smock on—I know what these fellows get a week, and I think they could pay £3 8s. for top sides on the chance of getting rid of it—somebody else might have bought it—Ihave also bought kidneys there—they never weigh the boxes of pork, but if I buy a top side it would be weighed—Oliver showed me the ticket—Morris's name was on it—I did not go to Morris for them—it did not strike me as odd that he should be buying £3 or £1 worth of his master's stuff—I paid him 2s. 3d. a stone—I paid the money without seeing it or knowing the weight of what I paid for—I asked Oliver to get a porter, and take it to Hall—I had my own van there that day—Higley told me that Morris wanted to see me—he said, "There is some bother about the top side"—I bought no more from Morris, on January 13th—I said that I had 4 boxes of pork, but I did not know where they came from—I bought no pork at Morris's that day—no pork came home with the beef—I have said, "I had 4 boxes of pork, but not from Morris"—I bought that at Jennings, and they were brought by Hall—I noticed that those boxes were marked "Nelson & Morris"—I have got 8 boxes of pork booked on January 20th—Higley bought them at Morris's—we were all together if that was the day—he paid the clerk for them—two top-pieces is a large lot to get rid of—I have been at Morris's lots of times—I only produce three tickets; I always throw them away—I do not know Jones.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Oliver showed me the ticket with the weight on it—I know him by the name of
<hi rend="italic">Soldier</hi>—I did not know his name was Oliver till this case commenced—I sold one top side to Ward, and the other at my stall.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-140" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WARD</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher, and have a stall in Bethnal Green Road—I know Mr. Higley, who also has a stall there—he is not here; he was here last Session and on Monday last—he and I and Cassen arranged to make our purchases together—all of us make purchases, because when we buy a lot we can buy cheaper—Cassen bought 2 top pieces of beef, and I bought 1 of him and paid him 2s. 3d. a stone for it—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100032"/>
<p>cannot say on what day it was, but it was a Friday about 8.30 a.m.—that is not the only occasion when I have taken top pieces from him—this was about the beginning of January—I saw it in the truck before I bought it, and Cassen sent it from his stall to my stall on a barrow—one of us three always buys pork on Fridays for Saturdays—I sometimes buy 5 boxes and sometimes 10, and it is sent from the market in Cassen's name and to his stall because it is more convenient—I cannot put it in the yard—it is sent to one place to make one job of it, as he has got a house, and I have only got a room, and then it comes to my stall—when I buy meat on my own account I send it to Cassen's house—the business hours at my stall are from 10 to 9.30, and on Saturday 1 to 12—I close on week days at 1 o'clock—I recollect having some boxes of pork on the day I bought the beef—I do not recollect who bought it—it would be sent to Cassen's place—I believe one of us three bought pork every day, and it was always sent to Cassen's by Hall, the carrier—I have bought at Morris's—they say "How many?" I say "Ten," and they give me a ticket of what it comes to—there is no name on the ticket—I have a ticket here of some which I bought the day before Good Friday, "18s. 2 1/2 d. and £1 19s. 7d."—I keep no books; I rely on my memory.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I bought this top side of him before I left the market—Hall has often taken things for me—he dropped one at my house and one at Cassen's, because Cassen bought the two, and weighed mine and sent it down—I cannot weigh at my place—everybody who deals with Morris knows these buff sale-notes perfectly well—I know Stewart; he bought these, but I produce them to show that I could get ready money—I have got some more tickets in my pocket, but not Morris's—I paid ready money to Stewart for 3 boxes—I sometimes bought of Higley, and sometimes for him—he got into a little trouble last August about a sheep, and I believe he went out of sight about it for twenty-one days.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-301-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-301-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-301-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-301-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-301-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-301-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-301-18990410 t18990410-301-punishment-36"/>Eight Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, April</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-302">
<interp inst="t18990410-302" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-302" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-302-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-302-18990410 t18990410-302-offence-1 t18990410-302-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-302-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-302-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18990410" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18990410" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18990410" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WALKER</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-302-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-302-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-302-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence, with per
<lb/>sons unknown, on
<persName id="t18990410-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-142" type="surname" value="BLACK"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-142" type="given" value="EDWARD JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-302-offence-1 t18990410-name-142"/>Edward Joseph Black</persName>, and stealing 15s. 1 1/2 d., his money.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KERSHAW</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD JOSEPH BLACK</hi>. I live at No. 50, Dellow Buildings, Shadwell—on March 15th, about 12.30 a.m., I was in the passage going to my house—before then I had been in the Lord Lovat public-house, and while going from there to the passage, three people followed me, the prisoner being one—I had seen him in the public-house, and he followed me out—when I got to the front door, they shut the gate, and on my going up the steps the prisoner threw a handkerchief round my neck, and the other two pulled me on to my back, and went through my pockets—I had 15s. 1 1/2 d., and they took every penny—they then ran away—when I could get my voice again I sang out "Police!" as hard as</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100033"/>
<p>I could—a policeman came 5 or 10 minutes afterwards, and I complained to him—I next saw the prisoner about 5.30 p.m. on the same day, in Cable Street—I saw a constable coming along, and told him that the man on the other side of the way was the man I wanted—I charged the pri
<lb/>soner with throwing the handkerchief round my neck—he said that I had made a mistake, and that he had never seen me before in his life—he was taken in custody—I saw him first in the Lord Lovat public-house—he had been sitting behind me in the bar, but I cannot say how long he had been there—he was there when I went in—I was in the public-house about an hour and a half, and about 10 minutes in the bar in which the prisoner was—I do not know if he was in the room where I had been playing at draughts—I saw him coming out of the public-house—I saw his face—we all left together, and it being closing time, we said good-night to each other—it is about 6 doors from my passage—there, is a light in the pas
<lb/>sage, but it goes out at 11 o'clock, except on Saturday nights, when it is put out at 12—there was no light when the occurrence took place, but there was a lamp on the opposite side of the road, by the light of which I saw the prisoner—I have no doubt he is the man—I had never seen him before that night.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> When I saw you at the station I recognised you by your face, and nothing else—I do not know what sort of clothes you were wearing on that night—I did not say at the station that you were wearing a brown suit—I never played draughts with you in the public-house—you were behind me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-143" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-143" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WALKER</persName> </hi> (74
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I was in Cable Street on March 15th about 5.30 p.m.—the last witness pointed out the prisoner to me standing outside the Highlander beerhouse—in consequence of what the prosecutor said to me I went up to the prisoner, and told him I should take him into custody—I told him the prosecutor was going to charge him with robbing him early the same morning, by putting a handkerchief round his neck and nearly choking him—he said, "You have made a mistake; I never saw him before"—I then took him to the station—while there he said, "I saw him at the Lord Lovat playing at draughts and changing half a sovereign, but I did not follow him."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-144" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-144" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WALKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>). I am a labourer, of 43, Market Street, Shadwell—about 10 p.m. on March 15th I went into the Lord Lovat—I was playing at draughts—the prosecutor and some more men came in and joined in the game—the prosecutor seemed to have had too much to drink, but he was served in the taproom—I finished the game, and came out at 12.10 by the publican's clock, which was 5 minutes fast—I came out alone, and I was in my house at 12.15, which is about 500 yards from the public-house—I then went to bed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was playing at draughts with the prosecutor til 12 o'clock—it is not true that I told the constable that I had never seen the prosecutor in my life before—the policeman is untrue if he says that—I had seen the prosecutor, and I remembered him quite well—he came up to me in Cable Street when the constable was taking me into custody, and said, "You are the man who robbed me"—I said, "I never seed you."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100034"/>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I wish the Jury to understand that when I first saw the prosecutor in Cable Street, when he charged me with being the man who robbed him, I did not recognise him as the man who played at draughts with me—I first recognised him as that man when I got to the station—I did not recognise him first of all—I am married—my wife is here—I got into my house with a latch
<lb/>key—there are other people living in the house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">E. J. BLACK</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). "When the assault took place, I was not the worse for drink—I did not leave my work till 11 p.m.—I had had one pint of ale before I got to the public-house, and played my game in a share for a pot—I am a stevedore—I changed a half-sovereign in the public-house—all four of us played at draughts, he came in for that pur
<lb/>pose—I never mentioned draughts at all—a policeman came up that night when I called "Police!" about 10 minutes to 1, I think—he is not here—I do not know his number—it was in the dark.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner.</hi> The policeman did not tell me I was drunk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-145" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-145" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-145" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE WALKER</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife—on Wednesday, March 15th, my husband came home about 12.15 a.m.—I was up in the sitting-room—I have a clock in the house—he had his supper, and went to bed—he sent me out for a pint of ale for him—I bought it at the Duke of Kent—they were still open—he got into the house with a key.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The landlady was in the house when he came in, but I cannot say whether she had gone to bed—we occupy one room upstairs by ourselves—we have no family—I do not remember what time my hus
<lb/>band came back the night before—I remember this particular night, be
<lb/>cause ho had said, if I was tired, I was to go to bed—I was not tired—I leave off work at 6.30 p.m., and get home at 7 o'clock—I had been indoors all the evening—I had not been with my husband all the evening—I did not give evidence at the Police-court—I went to the Police-station, but not the Court—I was at work when my husband was charged—I had been to the London Hospital, and went down to inquire at the station about him—I went up to hear the charge before the Magistrate, and I heard the evidence there—I did not give evidence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-302-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-302-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-302-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-303">
<interp inst="t18990410-303" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-303" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-303-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-303-18990410 t18990410-303-offence-1 t18990410-303-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-303-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-303-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-303-18990410" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-303-18990410" type="surname" value="SOLOMONS"/>
<interp inst="def1-303-18990410" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEWIS SOLOMONS</hi> (50)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-303-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-303-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-303-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>, Unlawfully, within 4 months of his bankruptcy, falsifying certain books, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. F. GILL, Q C</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-147" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-147" type="given" value="GEORGE INGLIS"/>GEORGE INGLIS BOYLE</persName> </hi>. I am an official of the Bankruptcy Court, and produce a file of the proceedings in the case of Lewis Solomons—the peti
<lb/>tion was filed on November 15th, 1898, and the receiving order on the 24th; the adjudication on December 15th; the public examination was closed January 17th, 1899; the order to prosecute was on March 6th—the defendant consented to an immediate receiving order upon the petition being filed—I produce the public examination—(
<hi rend="italic">Reading</hi>): "At the private meeting of your creditors held on October 12th, 1898, there was a rough statement (reading to the words) £3,500 assets? A. Yes. Q. Was an offer made on your behalf of a composition of 6s. 8d. in the £? A. Yes."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. There is upon the file the appointment of Mr. Stephen Pagden Child as trustee by the Board of Trade on De
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100035"/>
<p>17th, 1898—the defendant consented to an immediate receiving order, and the petition was to have been heard on December 18th—the debtor was examined by the Official Receiver at the public examination on January 17th at considerable length; about 64 sheets of transcript—there is upon the examination a statement that the offer was accepted by all the creditors except two—of those two creditors, neither for a large amount, one wanted 10s. in the pound, and the other his debt paid in full—there is no private examination of the debtor—the preliminary exami
<lb/>nation was held by the Official Receiver, and it is on the file—I produce all the proceedings, and there is no private examination there—the. Order to prosecute was made on the report of the trustee.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-148" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-148" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR HAYNES</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Jay's, Limited, who are the pro
<lb/>praetors of the International Fur Stores, 163, Regent Street—I know the defendant both as a buyer from our firm and a seller to it—I produce an invoice delivered to the firm from him, in his own handwriting—the prices were 45s. and 70s., and the total, £1,286 10s.—I produce a state
<lb/>ment of account made up in part upon the basis of that invoice, showing the total sum, after deducting contra account and discounts due to the de
<lb/>fendant, £1,217 17s. 6d.—that is receipted by him under date August 24th, 1898—a crossed cheque was paid to him in settlement of. that account—the cheque was afterwards opened at his request—the endorsement upon it is in the defendant's writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-149" type="surname" value="WALROND"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-149" type="given" value="CONRAD MONTAGUE"/>CONRAD MONTAGUE WALROND</persName> </hi>. I am second cashier to Messrs. Wil
<lb/>liams, Deacon, and Manchester and Salford Bank, Ltd., Charing Cross—Jay's, Ltd., are customers of ours—I cashed this cheque in notes and gold on August 25th—I cannot say for certain now whether I handed the money to the defendant.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-150" type="surname" value="HILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-150" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK HILLS</persName> </hi>. I am second cashier at the London, City, and Midland Bank, Ltd, Aldgate—the defendant is a customer there—the paying in book produced was issued to the defendant—the paying in slip produced represents a payment into the bank of notes, gold, and silver, £788 6s.—it was paid to me—the details are not filled in on the counterfoil as it now stands—the details have been erased—the word, "International," was not, I think, upon the counterfoil when I initialled it—looking at the cash-book produced, folio 18, I find on August 24th, 1898, "International" £788 6s. in the prisoner's writing, I think—in the ledger I find on page 82, under date 24-8-98, in the account of the International Fur Stores, the entry of the cheque for £788 6s.; and on the other side of the same account an entry of skins or goods, £839 12s.—it is not the same date—the date of "goods" is August 22nd—the "goods" is in ticks and figures, and the word "cheque" on the other side is hardly sufficient to go upon—in the press copy-book, page 131, there is what purports to be a copy of an invoice of skins amounting to £839 12s., dated August 22nd, to the International Fur Stores, in the defendant's writing, I should say.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The defendant has banked at the City and Midland Bank for the last 20 years, having a very considerable account—he was very well known at the bank—I should say that the word "International" on the paying in slip was written afterwards—the payment in bank notes, gold, and silver has been scratched out.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100036"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-151" type="surname" value="BERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-151" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY S. BERRY</persName> </hi>—I am an examiner for the Official Receiver at the Bankruptcy Court—the books which have been produced were handed to me in my capacity as examiner in the defendant's bankruptcy—it was not possible from an examination of those or any other books produced by the defendant to know the true amount of the cheque received from the International Far Stores—the books show the entry of £788 6s.; it runs, through them all—there is no trace in any of the books of what became of the £466 odd.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not called at the Mansion House in this case, I came into it within the last day or two—the prosecution was not the result of any action of the Official Receiver—there was no private examina
<lb/>tion of the debtor except in Chambers, in answer to the printed ques
<lb/>tions—to my knowledge there was no examination in private sitting under section 27—the Official Receiver or somebody representing him was always present at the public examination, and took part in it—I asked the defendant at the examination for an explanation of this matter—this was at his examination on his statement of affairs, when the books were produced—I went through his books generally with him, and this item particularly—it was a large item, and it was necessary for me to inquire into it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> In explanation of this item of £783 6s., he said it was an ordinary transaction—I asked him if he had done business with them—he said, "Yes, for some time"—I said, "Is it an ordinary business transaction?"—he said, "Yes"—I asked for the invoice—I then traced the amount in the cash-book, £788 6s.—in the bank slip he accounted for the money—I was therefore satisfied.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I am an examiner, an accountant, and have a know
<lb/>ledge of books—I was satisfied that that was a true account of the state of his affairs.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-152" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-152" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ABBOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Police Detective Inspector</hi>). I arrested the prisoner on March 14th on a warrant—I read it to him, and he made no
<lb/>answer—he was searched, and among the documents found upon him there was this piece of paper—it shows the true figures in one column, and the false figures in the other.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was arrested in the Court of Bankruptcy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for thee Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-153" type="surname" value="SOLOMONS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-153" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS SOLOMONS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>)—I have carried on business in the City of London more than 27 years—since 1874 I have carried on the business of a fur and skin merchant; purchasing wholesale, and selling to the manufacturers—I have banked at the Aldgate branch of the City and Midland Bank for over 20 years, and during that time I have done a large business—during the last 12 or 13 years I have made bad debts to the extent of £19,600—during the last 2 years I have lost in bad debts more than £4,000—I have to buy for cash and to give long credit—in 1897-8 I was in money difficulties—I knew a Mr. Loftie, who was employed at the International Fur Stores, perhaps for 12 to 15 years—I met him in the way of business—he was manager of a fur factory, and passed the goods sent in—in June, 1898, I borrowed £100 from him—the cheque produced is the one he gave me for that amount—subsequently, in August, I bor
<lb/>rowed from him a further sum of £400; the cheque for that is produced</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100037"/>
<p>on his banking account—I promised the money in a fortnight—he and his wife had stayed at my house, owing to illness in his family—there was diphtheria in his house, and he lost a child—he was ordered out of his house by the doctor while the drains were being put in order—that was in March, 1897—I did not desire that my borrowing from him should be known—I was anxious to keep the fact from my people, the clerk and others who had access to my books—I paid the money back to Mr. Loftie when I received the cheque from the International Stores—I took the money up to him, and he said, "lam in business, and cannot carry this money about with me"—I had asked for the cheque instead of paying the amount into my account—after I had cashed the cheque, I paid into Mr. Loftie's account the sum of £500, and thanked him, giving him the receipt—I then entered the transaction in the way that has been described—at that time, July and August, my business was going on; in September or the beginning of October I was in difficulties owing to two heavy stoppages—I was sent by my solicitor to Mr. Child, the trustee in this case, who had known me for some time—a statement of my affairs was prepared, there was a meeting of my creditors on October 10th, and a proposal made by my solicitor to pay 6s. 8d. in the £ was accepted by all the creditors except two—one wanted 10s. in the £, and the other the full amount, but I could not do it—by advice, a petition was filed, and I consented at once to an adjudication—I did not benefit in any way whatever to the extent of a single shilling by this transaction.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The stoppages between August 22nd and October 10th, which induced me to go to an accountant to offer a composition, were non-payments by a man named Gleitzmann, with whom I had a largo amount outstanding—I had not been signing accommodation bills with him, I had bought a large parcel of Thibet skins from him—at the time of my bankruptcy I had two so called accommodation bills running to which we were parties, drawn for the purpose of receiving the money to buy the skins and sell them within a month—the amount of my share of that debt would be about £300, but altogether I was interested with him to over £1,200—Gleitzmann stopped two days after me—it is a mis-understanding to say that there were two stoppages occurring between August 22nd and October 10th, which induced me to go to my accountant—I could not get the money from them—the other one was a man named Kaplin—Gleitzmann owed me money for goods I sold to him—I advanced him cash, and I could not get the money back—I befriended him—Kaplin did not stop, but I could not get the money from him, I had been trying for weeks, since July, in fact, and had failed to get it—he has not stopped to this day—the difference between my assets and liabilities mounted to £6,000—I could not get the money to pay my bills, being stopped like that—I wanted the money that I borrowed from Loftie—I do not know whether I paid either of the amounts into my business banking account—I might have paid some odd items in cash—I cashed both the cheques—it takes the bank about two days to clear them—I did not think there was any harm in cashing them—there is no trace in my business books of my having received the amount—on August 20th the paying in slip shows the payment in of £200, part of the money—I know it because on a Friday I took the money home, and knowing that I had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100038"/>
<p>bills to pay on Saturday and Monday, a friend of mine came round to see me, and I asked him to pay in £200, and gave it to him, and he paid it in on the Saturday morning—£70 of that money went in to pay Mr. Loftie, and I paid in £500—this is the paying in slip of that £200—it appears on the face of it to be a payment to one Kosminski, who will prove that he had no money to give me—the persons in my insolvency would not have dis
<lb/>covered in my books that I had borrowed this £500—I did not want anyone to discover it, it was my private business—my object was not to conceal the true-state of my affairs—I did not feel myself in an insolvent state when I borrowed the money—I did not know I was insolvent on August 22nd, when I borrowed the money and made a fictitious invoice, and made other alterations—I do not know if Mr. Loftie is a buyer to a certain extent, but he pusses the goods—Jay's did not know that I was having money transactions with their buyer—I am a seller of goods to their firm, and a buyer, too—I did not want anybody to know of these money transactions—of the £1,217 I got from them I paid back to Mr. Loftie £500—I did not credit the difference of £500, but £788 6s., because £70 came up from the other £200—I cannot remember if the whole of the money which I drew from Jay's bank, to the extent of £788 6s., went into my bank—I suppose it got mixed up; I cannot positively say; I have had a lot of worries since—I know I took the money from Jay's, and I paid £788 into the bank: I believe it was out of their moneys—I cannot re
<lb/>member who cashed the £50 note now produced—it may be that I did—it may be that I wrote the name that appears on the back, because I had to pay the man some money—it is not my name or my address—it is pos
<lb/>sible that that is one of the notes I got from Jay's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The name is that of Mr. Fashner, 3, Edmund's Place—I had to pay him some money—he is a furrier, a manufacturer, with whom I have had business transactions for several years—I cashed the note my-self, having written the man's name on the back, because I had to pay him the money—Mr. Dadin is the director's buyer at the International Fur Stores—I have had one joint transaction with Gleitzmann, buying furs at a sale—I do not know whether Kaplin has ever paid up to the present time—I do not remember where 1 cashed the £50 note—I wrote the name of Fashner on the back, because I had to pay him some private moneys which I had borrowed from him—it certainly looks like my writ
<lb/>ing on the back; I should not like to swear it is not—I did not pay the money with the note, because it was a biggish note; besides, I only had to pay the man about £40—I might have paid him by a cheque on my bank, but as I had the money I paid it to him—the payments by one Gleitzmann appearing in the cash-book, £62 and another amount, were by his brother—Kaplin has not a brother, too; but his payments in August are only small items—perhaps he did not want to give me any more, or something of the kind.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It is well known in the trade that Gleitzmann has a brother, he lives at Hoxton Square—I have done business with him for 20 years—Kaplin paid £9 and £3, but I wanted from him some hundreds of pounds—there is proof that I repaid the £500 to Loftie which I borrowed from him; I made out the payingin slip to his bank myself.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LOFTIE</hi>. I have known the prisoner some time—it is a fact that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100039"/>
<p>I stayed at his house with my wife—he asked me for assistance last year and on June 17th I lent him£100—on August 17th I lent him a further sum of £400, which was to be repaid within a fortnight—I do not re
<lb/>member the date exactly, but it was repaid within 10 days or a week—it was paid into my bank—he called at my business place; I was busy; it was rather late in the day; I could not go to the bank myself, and I told him I should not like to carry £500 with me, and so he offered to go round and pay it into the bank—he did not pay me anything for the loan of the money—he promised me £5 for the loan of the £400, but I have received nothing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known him 12 to 15 years—I have been a buyer to Jay's for the last 7 years—he has been selling goods to them about 15 or 16 years—I have been there 17 years, and he has been selling goods to them through me for about 7 years—I should say that trans
<lb/>actions are never carried through me beyond a certain amount, I report on them, and they are carried through by the directors—they tru t to ray reports, decidedly—the amount of the defendant's sales to Jay's have not very largely increased during the last few years—complaints have been made in a jocular way that nobody else could sell to Jay's except the defendant—my employers now know of my monetary transactions with him; they did not know before the matter was brought into Court—these are the only two transactions between me and him—I dare say there has been another, but I do not remember—I may have lent him money before, but I will not swear to it—I can explain my reasons for the borrowings and lendings between us, the seller and buyer to a large firm—I cannot say if he asked me for open cheques; he might have done so; he has been in the neighbourhood—I have no other banking account except that in the Hearts of Oak Building Society, Deposit Branch.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I lost a child 2 years ago from diphtheria—the sanitary authorities ordered the drains to be done up within a very short time—my wife was rather weak, she was near her confinement, and the doctor told me that I should have to go out of my house during the rebuilding of the drains—I tried to find some apartments, but my wife objected to going into them—being French, she could not speak English very well—she pre
<lb/>ferred to go home, but she could not do so—I went to several friends to see if they could oblige me, to give me shelter; but I did not succeed—the defendant called at my place of business, and I told him about my distress, and he then offered me a room in his house—he told me he had the painters there, he would have to communicate with his wife, and would send me a wire—I received that wire, and we were accepted and went there, staying during the rebuilding of the drains—when I left I asked him my indebtedness—he said, "Nothing"—I said if I could render him a service at any time I should be very pleased to do so—this letter (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) is one that I wrote after staying at his house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-154" type="surname" value="TOWNLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-154" type="given" value="CHARLES RICHARD"/>CHARLES RICHARD TOWNLEY</persName> </hi>. I am employed at the Hearts of Oak Bank—Mr. Loftie has an account there—the two cheques (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) were cashed upon his account on the dates specified—the £500 represent
<lb/>ing the amount was paid into my bank on August 26th—the paying in slip is produced.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100040"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-155" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-155" type="given" value="CHARLES GEORGE"/>CHARLES GEORGE WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">a clerk in the Note Department of the Bank of England, produced the £50 note referred to.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LOFTIE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The defendant promised me 10 per cent. on the £100 first lent—I do not remember any period of repayment being agreed upon, but it was to be within a short time—decidedly I asked for repayment of the money after June 17th—he gave me an I O U—no time was mentioned—on August 17th I lent him £400, to be repaid in a fortnight—I told him it was a very large amount—I had not the amount; I had to borrow it from the bank.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-303-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-303-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-303-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t18990410-303-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-303-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-303-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-303-18990410 t18990410-303-punishment-37"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-304">
<interp inst="t18990410-304" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-304" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-304-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-304-18990410 t18990410-304-offence-1 t18990410-304-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-304-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-304-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-304-18990410" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-304-18990410" type="surname" value="VAUTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-304-18990410" type="given" value="CLAUDE THEODORE JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLAUDE THEODORE JAMES VAUTIN</hi> (43)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-304-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-304-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-304-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18990410-304-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-304-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-304-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/> having, within four months next before his bankruptcy, quitted England, taking with him the sum of £4,380, with intent to de-fraud his creditors;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, to obtaining £3,284 5s. by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-304-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-304-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-304-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-304-18990410 t18990410-304-punishment-38"/>He received a good character.—Six Months' Imprisonment without Hard Labour</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-305">
<interp inst="t18990410-305" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-305" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-305-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-305-18990410 t18990410-305-offence-1 t18990410-305-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-305-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-305-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18990410" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18990410" type="surname" value="PLUMMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18990410" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES PLUMMER</hi>.(22)</persName>
<rs id="t18990410-305-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-305-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-305-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t18990410-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-158" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-158" type="surname" value="BROMLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-158" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-305-offence-1 t18990410-name-158"/>Caroline Bromley</persName>, with intent to ravish her.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-305-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-305-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-305-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18990410-305-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-305-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-305-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-305-18990410 t18990410-305-punishment-39"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, April</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1899.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grantham.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18990410-306">
<interp inst="t18990410-306" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18990410"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-306" type="date" value="18990410"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18990410-306-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-306-18990410 t18990410-306-offence-1 t18990410-306-verdict-"/>
<persName id="def1-306-18990410" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-306-18990410" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18990410" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18990410" type="surname" value="HOLLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18990410" type="given" value="MICHAEL JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL JOSEPH HOLLAND</hi> (33)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18990410-306-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-306-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-306-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and also charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18990410-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-160" type="surname" value="WOOTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-160" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18990410-306-offence-1 t18990410-name-160"/>Joseph Wootton</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. C. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RANDOLPH</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-161" type="surname" value="ASHWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-161" type="given" value="ALFRED ALBERT"/>ALFRED ALBERT ASHWELL</persName> </hi>. I live at 30, Stanhope Street, Drury Lane, and am potman at the Grapes public-house in Sardinia Street—the pri
<lb/>soner is a frequenter of the Grapes—he is a Covent Garden porter—I had known Joseph Wootton 14 or 15 years—on Thursday, March 2nd, I was on duty at the Grapes—I saw the prisoner there between 7 and 8, with two other men—I do not know their names—I know the prisoner's brother; he was not one of the men—they stayed some little time, and then left—I saw the prisoner again about 10.30 with the deceased; they came into the public-house, and had two glasses of aleandapenny worth of tobacco, and the prisoner said he would leave 1d. behind the counter with my governor for a man that he would call in, and he went out and fetched in Peter Collins, who had his half-pint of ale, and then went out; he only stayed in the house about half a minute—I went out to the door—Holland and Wootton were still inside—they were in there about 10 or 15 minutes; they came out together—they went away together towards Sardinia Buildings—they seemed to be friendly enough; they had been drinking, but they were not drunk—I should say that Wootton was the worse—I did not see them again that evening.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100041"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I think I last saw them at 10.45—they had had a drink; they were on good terms.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-162" type="surname" value="DAMERAL"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-162" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DAMERAL</persName> </hi> (440 E)
<hi rend="italic">produced and proved the plans of thelocality, showing that the deceased fell a distance of 36 ft. 3 in.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-163" type="surname" value="DEMANNING"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-163" type="given" value="GUSTAVE"/>GUSTAVE DEMANNING</persName> </hi>. I am a photographer, of 326, Euston Road—I took these two photos of the back of Sardinia Buildings, each from different points of view—one is from immediately opposite the back of the building, and the other from the back of the yard.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-164" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-164" type="surname" value="BOWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-164" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BOWMAN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Bowman, a labourer, and live in Room 85 on the fourth floor at Sardinia Buildings—on March 2nd I came home to my room about 11 o'clock—I had to pass the prisoner's door, No. 84—I heard two people quarrelling; it was very slight; I thought nothing of it—both were men's voices—I heard one call the other a b——d—that was the only word I heard—I passed on to my room and shut my door—I did not hear any more—my son William was at home on that night.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not think very much of the matter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-165" type="surname" value="BOWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-165" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BOWMAN</persName> </hi>. I am 14—I live with my mother in Room 85, Sar
<lb/>dinia Buildings—on March 2nd I went upstairs with her; I left our room to get some water from the sink on the same floor; as I passed the door of Room 84 I heard quarrelling; I had heard it before when I passed with my mother—while I was at the sink I saw the prisoner come from Room 84 and go downstairs—I was still at the sink when he came back, about 5 or 10 minutes after—he went to his own room, 84—then I went back ito my room—as I passed his room then I did not hear anybody speaking inside—the prisoner had a short greenish coat on.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Whilst the prisoner was away from his room the door was shut, and he closed it behind him when he came back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-166" type="surname" value="SERLE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-166" type="given" value="RUTH ELLEN"/>RUTH ELLEN SERLE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Frank Serle—I was living at 3, Sardinia Place on March 3rd—the kitchen which we occupied joined Sardinia Buildings—this photograph correctly shows our kitchen window; it is the nearest window to Room 84—I was in that kitchen on March 3rd, about 12.30 a.m.—I heard sounds of quarrelling very close to my kitchen; they were men's voices; they went on for 2 or 3 minutes—I then went to wake up my husband, who had to go to his work—I do not think I returned to the kitchen again.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was in the kitchen 10 or 15 minutes—I am sure the voice was a male voice, but I am not sure that there was more than one voice.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-167" type="surname" value="FROOD"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-167" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE FROOD</persName> </hi>. I live in Room 79, Sardinia Buildings, which is on the same floor as 84, on the opposite side of the corridor—I was sitting in my room on March 2nd, from 9 p.m., and about 12 o'clock I heard load voices—Mrs. Broad was with me, and I took my lamp to show her the way to her room—when I opened the door I heard that the voices came from Room 84—I lighted her to her room, 74—I heard a cry as if "I am
<hi rend="italic">bested</hi>;" the heart went out in the cry—I was just closing my door then—it was a sort of cry of despair—I said at the Police-court, "As though the heart went out with the cry"—there was silence then—I locked my door and went to bed—some time after I heard footsteps, which turned out to be the police.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100042"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I first heard the voices I thought they were in the corridor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-168" type="surname" value="RICH"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-168" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE RICH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Rich, 32, Sardinia Buildings—we live in a room on the ground floor—it looks out on the area—I was at home on the night of March 2nd—about 12.20 I was sitting in my room and heard a great thud, but did not know where it came from, I was so frightened—after a few minutes I heard a groan; it came from the back—I heard a second one after a few minutes—I looked out at the window; I did not open it—I could see nothing, but I heard two more heavy groans—I went out of my room to look for my husband—I met him coming into the house—we went back to our room and went to the window—he asked me for the lamp—he opened the window—we both looked out, and saw someone lying in the corner of the basement, on the left side of our window—there was another groan just before we opened the window—my husband went and called the deputy of the lodging-house, Mr. Hutton—afterwards the police came.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-169" type="surname" value="RICH"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-169" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS RICH</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and the husband of the last witness, living at 32, Sardinia Buildings—on the early morning of March 3rd my wife met me at the door—I went back into our room with her—I heard a groan—I went to the window, opened it and looked out—my wife got the lamp; I heard a moan, and I saw something white, which I thought was a man—I shut the window, and went for Mr. Hutton, the caretaker—I took him to my room, and opened the window again, and showed him what I had seen—I saw the man picked up—he was dressed in a shirt only—he was afterwards taken to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-170" type="surname" value="HUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-170" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW HUTTON</persName> </hi>. I am manager at these buildings—I live in Room 23 on the ground floor—about 12.30 p.m., on March 3rd, Mr. Rich came and called me, and I went with him to his room, and by the light of his lamp held out of his window, I saw a man lying in the area, vomiting and moaning—he had only his shirt on—I sent for the police, and got the key of the basement from Mr. Hewitt—I sent for an ambulance, and then I went into the area—two constables went down with me—we went to that part of the area which is directly underneath the window at the back of the building, where we found a man—he was a stranger to the build
<lb/>ings—he was alive, but he could not speak—he had a large wound in the small of his back—I saw that when the policeman and I lifted him off the brick rubbish on to the pathway—he was placed on the ambulance and taken to the hospital—the prisoner lived in Room 84—he had only taken the room for a fortnight, and I think Wednesday night, March 1st, was the first night he slept there—the room was taken on February 20th by his brother for him—I am not aware that there was any other occupant there, too—the window of the prisoner's room is immediately above the spot where the deceased was found—the prisoner's window was lighted—I and the constable proceeded to call at the rooms on the different floors above the spot where the man's body was found—we could get no infor
<lb/>mation from any person below the prisoner's room, and then we knocked at the prisoner's door—there was no answer at first, and the constable said he would break the door open—I said I would rap, which I did, and I called out "Joe!"—the prisoner said, "What is it?"—the door remained closed—then he came and opened it—he had nothing on but his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100043"/>
<p>shirt—I said there was a man found injured in the area, without his clothes—he said, "I know nothing about him"—I said we did not know where he had come from—he said, "There are no clothes here; there are my trousers"—I did not go into the room then—we then went on to the floor above, and then up to the roof, to see if the door up to the roof was locked; we found it was—the police then left, but returned in about 20 minutes, and we searched all the rooms with the windows opening on to the basement—as we came down the second time, we searched the water-closets—the sergeant was present then; before that there was only a constable there—there is a w.c. on each floor and on each half-landing—we found nothing in any of them—I looked into them—I did not go into them—the examination was made by the light of a bull's-eye—5 or 10 minutes after the sergeant went away I went upstairs again, and I saw a pair of boots and a pair of socks in the sink on the third floor, where the prisoner lived—I gave them to the police—I went upstairs again with Mr. Hewitt, and on pushing the door of the w.c. between the third and fourth floors we found it would not go back, and on looking behind it, I found a bundle of clothing on the floor—I took it up to Bow Street Station, and gave it to the inspector—I was present when it was opened—it contained a man's coat, vest, overcoat, and handkerchief—I had examined that closet with the sergeant on our way down—there was no difficulty then in pushing back the door.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The Rooms 85, 79, 83, 81, 78, and 80 were all lot and supposed to be occupied—the prisoner came to his door when he heard my voice.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-171" type="surname" value="HEWITT"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-171" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HEWITT</persName> </hi>. I am a portmanteau
<lb/>maker—I used the basement of this house as a workshop—I lived in No. 19 on the ground floor—I have the key of the basement; it leads on to the area—on the early-morning of March 3rd I was called up by Mr. Hutton—I went with him, and found the man lying in the basement; he was taken to the hospital—I went with the others to the rooms upstairs—I was with the party out
<lb/>side Room 84, and also up to the roof—I went up again with the sergeant to go to the prisoner's room a second time, the sergeant had some con
<lb/>versation with him; we then went up to the top floor, and the sergeant was just going to knock at the door when the prisoner came up; he only had his shirt on; he was carrying a bundle under his arm—I said to him," What do you want up here in your shirt; if they are your trousers you have got under your arm, why don't you put them out; You will have the women out on you directly, and there will be a fine to do"—he made no answer; he gave a stagger, and seemed surprised to find me on the landing, and turned round sharp and went downstairs—it was a large bundle, dirty-looking; it was larger than would be required for a pair of trousers—I was with the party which first searched the different w.c.'s—nothing was found then—I was present when at a later period the bundle was found, which was taken to the station—it was not in the w.c. on the first search.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The bundle was found in the w.c. on the landing above the prisoner's room—it was a light landing—there was no light, but it was a nice, moonlight night—when I saw the prisoner there he looked as if he hud been dt inking.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100044"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-172" type="surname" value="WHITTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-172" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WHITTLE</persName> </hi> (208 E). On the early morning of March 3rd I was sent to Sardinia Buildings, and I remained there after the other officers had taken the deceased to the hospital—when I made a search of the area with my lantern there was no article of clothing there—I looked up and saw that all the windows were closed—I then went with Mr. Hutton over the buildings themselves, and examined the w.c 'a and sinks—nothing was found in any of them—I knocked at several doors, including the prisoner's, and after some little delay he came and opened it—he wag in his shirt then—I asked him if there was any
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> in the house, and if he had anybody living with him—he replied, "No, there is no b——living here, only me"—I asked him if he had seen a strange man in the building, or whether he had seen any clothes lying about—he replied, "No"—he showed me a pair of trousers which he picked up off the floor, and said, "This is my trousers, if you want to see them"—I afterwards saw him wearing them—I did not go into the room; the conversation was at the door of the room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner did not appear drunk; he appeared sleepy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-173" type="surname" value="SALE"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-173" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS SALE</persName> </hi> (142 E). About 12.45 on March 3rd I was called to Sardinia Buildings, and I went there with another constable—I saw Hutton there; I went round the area at the rear of the building, where I saw a man lying insensible on the rubbish there; he had only his shirt on, which was torn on the left from the arm
<lb/>pit downward—I saw a large wound on his back, from which there was a good deal of blood, and blood also on his mouth and his legs—he was sent to the hospital on an Ambulance—then Sergeant Palmer arrived, and with him I searched the building and area; in the area we found a pair of trousers lying between the place where the deceased was lying and the building—I cannot say if they were there when I first saw the deceased, because I directed my whole attention to him—they were just as if they had been dropped; I took them to the hospital—they have since been produced at the Police-court—we then knocked at all the doors of the rooms with windows above the area, beginning at the basement—we knocked at the prisoner's, and he said, "Who is there?"—the sergeant replied, "The police"—the prisoner replied, "F——you," and then opened the door—we asked the same questions as we had put to the other tenants as to whether any one was missing from his room, or bad anybody jumped from his window, as there was the body of a man found in the area.—the prisoner said he was the only occupant of the room, and that no person had been in the room with him at all—he had only his shirt on—we did not go into the room—we examined the sinks and w.c.'s as we went up and coming down, too—we found nothing in my of them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was a delay of a few seconds before the prisoner opened the door—it was the second time I had been there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-174" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-174" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PALMER</persName> </hi> (29 E). About 1.45 p.m, on March 3rd, I went to Sardinia Buildings, and examined them with the last witness—I heard him give his evidence at the Police-court—I agree with him that the trousers were found, and with the conversation that took place between us and the prisoner—I took part in the examination of the w.c's and sinks—nothing was found in them.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100045"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-175" type="surname" value="CROSSTMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-175" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CROSSTMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). About 3 o'clock on March 3rd I was sent for to King's College Hospital—I found a man being attended to by Dr. Levick—he recovered consciousness for a minute or two, when he gave the name of Joseph Wootton, 13, Little Church Street,. Marylebone—he then became unconscious again, and he died at 7.45 the same morning—I sent a telegram to the address he gave, and Mrs. Emily Wootton came to the hospital, where I saw her—I went with her to Sardinia-Buildings; we got there about 6 o'clock—I had been there at about 4.30—we went to Boom 84 and saw the prisoner—he opened the door—he only had his shirt on—I told him a man named Joseph Wootton had been found on the brick rubbish below his window—I asked him if he could give any explanation, whether he had been in his room—his reply was to the effect that he did not know anything of him—I noticed there were blood-stains on the right sleeve both of his inner and outer shirt—I saw a large fresh blood-stain just under the bolster of the bed—I saw a recent scratch on his forehead—I asked him how he accounted for the blood—I pointed out to him that it was recent—he said he had had a fight with Laurie Dunovan two nights before out
<lb/>side the Caledonian public-house, at the corner of Drury Lane and Kemble Street—I said, "The blood on the sheets feels damp"—he made no reply—I noticed the curtain over the window was pulled down en the right-hand side—there had been a pair hanging over the window; the string was broken—the bottom of the left curtain was shut out under the lower part of the window, which was closed down on it—the beading on the right side of the window was off, and lying against the left side of the window inside the room—two square hampers stood by the window on the top of the other; each of them was about 8 in. high—on the left of them were two chairs against the wall, with some half-bushel baskets on them—one chair was partly in front of the window—there was a picture frame face downwards on the floor, and as I lifted the frame up the broken glass fell on the floor—I raised the lower sash of the window, and in the dust im
<lb/>mediately below the sill I noticed recent finger-marks on the woodwork, which went downwards on to the stonework, and there was a stain almost in the centre of the sill, as if a heavy weight of flesh had been dragged over it—on the brickwork under the sill there were several scratches going up and down, as if something had been struggling to hold; on to the window ledge—I found two felt-hats in the room; I asked the prisoner who owned them—he said, "They are mine"—as I was examining the hats, he said, pointing to the one with the black band, "I bought that for mother's funeral"—I asked him to fit them on, and the one with the black band fitted him perfectly, the other did not—I told him to dress himself, and that he would have to accompany me to the station—he dressed himself, and I sent him to the station with a policeman—I told him he would be charged with injuring Wootton, who was alive then—the prisoner said, "I came home about 9.20 p.m. I had been in the Constitution public-house with my brother George and his wife Laurie Dunovan was in the public-house at the same time. I was in the Grapes from 8 to 9, and saw Daniel Coughlin and David Lay there. Mr. Hutton was standing at the door of the dwellings as I entered. I was drunk at the time"—about 8.30 that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100046"/>
<p>same evening, having received information of Wootton's death during the day, I charged the prisoner with murdering Joseph Wootton—he replied, "I do not know anything about it at all; I was drunk at the time; I have known Wootton about 14 or 15 years"—from the appearance of the windows and the articles round it, it seemed as if there had been a struggle there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The room was in the same state when I saw it as it is in the plan—I have seen poles hanging out of the windows in some dwellings, but I do not think they use them here—the prisoner did not flay he had got the scratch a few nights before; he said two nights before—the deceased was about the same type of man as the prisoner—it is not an unknown thing for a window to be shut down on a curtain—the furniture was very much dilapidated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-176" type="surname" value="GOUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-176" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GOUGH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant E</hi>). About 4.30 on March 3rd I went to Sardinia Buildings, and there saw Inspector Crosstman—I went into the basement and area—I examined the windows immediately above the area on the first and second floors—I also examined the window
<lb/>sill of Room 84—the windows, with the exception of 84, looked as if they had not been opened for some time—I went up to Room 84, and the prisoner opened the door—I said I was a police-officer, and that we intended making a minute examination of his room—I asked him who had slept in the room that night—he said, "No
<lb/>body but myself has been here. I know nothing more; I came here at 9.20 last night"—I noticed there were 3 or 4 ins. of curtain caught outside the window—I said, "How do you account for this?"—he said, "I know nothing at all about it"—I made a very close examination of the window sill, and I could see distinct finger-marks pointing towards the window—there was 1 mark on the woodwork, and 2 or 3 on the base of the stonework—I called the prisoner's attention to that; he said nothing—there were several fresh marks on the brickwork about 2 or 3 ft. below the sill, and about a foot long up and down—I called his attention to them—he did not see them; he became quite sullen—I noticed the beading was broken—he made no remark as to that—I saw the inspector show the two hats to the prisoner—the inspector said, "Whose hats are these?"—the prisoner replied, "They both belong to me; I have had them 18 months"—I was not present when Mrs. Wootton was brought to the room; I was when the hats were shown to her; she identified them—I saw blood-stains on the bed, and I called his attention to them; he said, "My brother had my things put here two days ago, and I know nothing more"—I called his attention to the fact that the blood was moist, but he made no further statement—the blood on his wrist and shirt and under-shirt was pointed out to him, and he said, "I got that two days ago fighting with Laurie Dunavan"—He was taken to the station—after the man had died I took the hat which Mrs. Wootton had identified, and put it on the deceased's head, and it fitted exactly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I examined the basement; it is full of brick rubbish—when the prisoner was seen to leave his room I think he went downstairs to his brother's room to get some lamp-oil.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There are outside the Court a number of articles of clothing that were found in various parts of the building.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100047"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-177" type="surname" value="DUNAVAN"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-177" type="given" value="LAWRENCE"/>LAWRENCE DUNAVAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 12, Kemble Street, and am a news
<lb/>paper lad—I have known Wootton about a year and the prisoner about 3 years—I saw them in the Hart public-house, in Russell Street, Drury Lane, on March 2nd—they left about 10.15—they seemed to be on good terms then—I had a fight with Holland 3 weeks before March 2nd, out
<lb/>side the Constitution public-house—a policeman turned us away—neither of us bled in the fight.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was another fight after that, on a Saturday, February 25th—on the Thursday, when I saw the men at the Hart, they had been drinking pretty heavily—they seemed perfectly friendly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-178" type="surname" value="ALDERSEY"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-178" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ALDERSEY</persName> </hi> (244
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). I was on duty in the early morning of February 18th in Covent Garden Market—I know Holland by sight and also Dunavan—I saw them on that morning—they were fighting—they were not near the Constitution public-house—I went towards them, and they went away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not make a note of it; it was only an ordinary occurrence—I never made a report about the fight—I made a statement on March 28th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-179" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-179" type="surname" value="WOOTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-179" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY WOOTTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 13, Little George Street, Marylebone—the deceased was my husband—he was a general dealer—I think he was 54 years old—he lived with me at that address—on March 2nd he left home between 12 and 1, mid-day—he did not come back that night, and the next time I saw him was at King's College Hospital the next moniing—I got there at 7.30; he was alive then—he died at 7.45—I went to Sardinia Buildings with a police-inspector, and was shown the room, 84, and also two hats in the room—I gave a description of a hat before I saw these two (
<hi rend="italic">Pro
<lb/>duced</hi>)—this hat is my husband's—I was also shown these boots, socks, coat, trousers, waistcoat, handkerchief, and shirt(
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—they are all my husband's—they are the clothes in which he was dressed when he left my house on that day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I said before the Coroner that my husband was addicted to drink—I have heard him speak of Holland—I cannot say if there was any ill
<lb/>will between them—my husband was the relics of a finely-built man—his age was against him—he was a powerful man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-180" type="surname" value="LEVICK"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-180" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY LEVICK</persName> </hi>. I am House Surgeon at King's College Hospital—I received the deceased about 1 o'clock on the morning of March 3rd—he died about 7.45 on the following morning—he Was taken to the wards at once, and I examined him there—there was a graze on the centre of his forehead about the size of half-a-crown; some of the skin was just rubbed off, and some small scratches on the head and upper part of the face—in the bend of the left elbow I found a graze 3 in, long by 2 in. broad—on the outside of the left arm there was a linear scratch 3 in. long to the left of the elbow—on the left wrist there was a graze, and on the left hand some superficial scratches—a graze on the outside of the left thigh, about the centre; it was oval, about 2 in. long and 1 1/2 in. broad—some scratches on the outside of the left ankle, and on the base of the great toe there was a flap of skin turned forwards on the under surface about the size of a shilling—on the under surface of the left foot there was a graze about 3 in. long; the right heel was bruised and g'razed—on the right buttock there was a triangular wound,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189904100048"/>
<p>the base about 5 in. long, and the sides 4 in. and 3 in.—the wound ran through the muscles down to the bone—all the marks were quite recent—the man's nose had been bleeding when he was brought in—there was no mark of a blow—a fall such as this would be quite sufficient to rupture some blood vessels—on March 4th I made a
<hi rend="italic">post
<lb/>mortem examination</hi>—I found the 12th dorsal vertebra was completely shattered, so as to allow the adjoining vertebra, the one above and the one below, to come together—the spinal cord was completely ruptured—the 11th rib was broken, and a portion penetrating the right lung—there was a considerable amount of bruising along the spine—the cause of death, in my opinion, was shock due to the rupture of the spinal cord, and the other injuries—the injury to the buttock could be caused by a fall on to a brick from a height—I think the fall of 36 ft. from the sill to the ground would account for the injuries—he must have fallen in a semi
<lb/>sitting position—he would not have been able to move his lower limbs at all after the fall—the wound on the toe looked as if it had been caused by rubbing against a rough surface—I think it could be caused by a man with bare feet trying to get foothold against the side of a brick wall—the grazes oould be caused by scraping over the surface of a stone window sill—the man's measure
<lb/>ment after death was 5 ft. 7 in.—it is a little longer after death—he was a strongly built man, just wasting a little, owing to age.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The wound on the toe could have been caused by hard pressure over a rough surface—the grazes on the face and forehead could have been caused by touching something in the fall—the shock of the fall is quite sufficient to cause the nose bleeding.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18990410-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18990410-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-181" type="surname" value="HAMERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-name-181" type="given" value="GEORGE ALBERT"/>GEORGE ALBERT HAMERTON</persName> </hi>. I am divisional surgeon to the E Division of Police, and live at 3, Southampton Street, Strand—on March 3rd, about 9 a.m., I was called to Sardinia Buildings, Little Wild Street—I noticed stains of blood on the bed and bedding in Room 84; it was not quite dry—the dust on the window-sill was rubbed off in patches—the mortar on the wall below the window was apparently rubbed off, present
<lb/>ing a white surface which distinguished it from the other portions—I went to the place where the body was found, and found some blood there—the same morning I examined the prisoner about 9 o'clock at the station as to his fitness to go before the Magistrate—he was calm and collected; he answered my questions; he was not under the influence of drink then; I cannot say that he was recovering from the influence of drink—I saw blood on the right arm of his shirt and under
<lb/>vest, which was apparently recent—there was a stain on the right shoulder about 1 1/2 in. square, and 3 or 4 small stains on the right arm—the blood might have come there 6 or 8 hours before my examination.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot say how long they had been there—I only saw one sheet in the room; the other I saw at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Gough Re-examined.</hi> I asked the prisoner his age; he said he was 32.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-306-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-306-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-306-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi> added that they thought the murder was done without premeditation.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<rs id="t18990410-306-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18990410-306-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t18990410-306-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"