<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ., Q.C.,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, May 16th, 1898, and following days,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
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<interp inst="t18980516-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-1" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-1" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName>, M.P., LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; The Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18980516-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-2" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-2" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of the High Courts; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-3" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-3" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Bart., M.P.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-4" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-4" type="given" value="DAVID"/>SIR DAVID EVANS</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18980516-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-5" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-5" type="given" value="STEWART"/>STEWART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Bart, Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-6" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-6" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-7" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-7" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-8" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-8" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Esq., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-9" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-9" type="given" value="JAMES THOMPSON"/>JAMES THOMPSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-10" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-10" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER '
<persName id="t18980516-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-11" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-11" type="given" value="VAUGHAN"/>VAUGHAN MORGAN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK PRATT ALLISTON</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-12" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-12" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL GREEN</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-13" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-13" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KNILL</persName> </hi>, Esq., other Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., Q.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
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<interp inst="t18980516-name-14" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-14" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK GREEN</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
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<interp inst="t18980516-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-15" type="surname" value="DEWAR"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-15" type="given" value="THOMAS ROBERT"/>THOMAS ROBERT DEWAR</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18980516-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-16" type="surname" value="GARDINER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-16" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY GARDINER</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RICHARD CLARENCE HALSE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIES, MAYOR. EIGHTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, May</hi>, 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK KEMBALL</hi> </persName> and
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MALTHOUSE</hi> </persName> were indicted for
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<interp inst="t18980516-355-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-355-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>committing acts of gross indecency with each other.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-355-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT ELLMAN RANKIN</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-356-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-356-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-356-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t18980516-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-20" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-20" type="surname" value="CHATTERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-20" type="given" value="ISABELLA CHARLOTTE SUSAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-356-offence-1 t18980516-name-20"/>Isabella Charlotte Susan Chatterton</persName> £215, £85, and other sums by false pretences.</rs> </p>
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<persName id="t18980516-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-21" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-21" type="given" value="PERCIVAL"/>MR. E. PERCIVAL CLARKE</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence, and stated that the prisoner and prosecutrix had made up their differences and were married.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-356-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-356-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-356-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK GARBY</hi> (27)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-357-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-357-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-357-18980516" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-357-18980516" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-357-18980516" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES NEWMAN</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-357-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-357-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-357-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, For stealing a horse and set of harness and other articles, value £35, from
<persName id="t18980516-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-24" type="surname" value="CAWSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-24" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-357-offence-1 t18980516-name-24"/>Henry Cawson</persName>, to which</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEWMAN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-357-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-357-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-357-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-357-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-357-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-357-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-357-18980516 t18980516-357-punishment-1"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour</rs>. No evidence was offered against</hi>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-357-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
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<interp inst="t18980516-357-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-358-18980516" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-358-18980516" type="surname" value="WOODWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-358-18980516" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WOODWARD</hi> (32)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-358-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-358-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-358-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18980516-358-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-358-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-358-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> stealing a gold
<lb/>tug, a van and set of harness, and 29 chests of tea from
<persName id="t18980516-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-26" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-358-offence-1 t18980516-name-26"/>Morris, Fairclough and Sons</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to conspiracy with others to steal the game</rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">Several convictions were proved against him.</hi> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-5-18980516" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18980516" type="surname" value="EWEN"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES EWEN</hi> (18)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-5-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-5-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-18980516" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-18980516" type="surname" value="FUNCKE"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-18980516" type="given" value="OTTO"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OTTO FUNCKE</hi> (14)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18980516-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-29" type="surname" value="DARNELL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-5-offence-1 t18980516-name-29"/>G. H. Darnell</persName>, and stealing articles value £37, also to two other burglaries, and to stealing a savings bank book of
<persName id="t18980516-name-30" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-30" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-30" type="surname" value="PAINTER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-30" type="given" value="LUCY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-5-offence-1 t18980516-name-30"/>Lucy Painter</persName></rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
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<interp inst="t18980516-5-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-5-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-18980516 t18980516-5-punishment-2"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-360-18980516" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILLIAMS</hi> (21)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-360-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-360-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-360-18980516" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-360-18980516" type="surname" value="SARGENT"/>
<interp inst="def2-360-18980516" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SARGENT</hi> (19)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-360-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-360-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-360-18980516" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def3-360-18980516" type="surname" value="KENTFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def3-360-18980516" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES KENTFIELD</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-360-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-360-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-360-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18980516-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-34" type="surname" value="HENDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-34" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-360-offence-1 t18980516-name-34"/>Peter Henderson</persName> and' stealing his watch and chain.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BEARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-35" type="surname" value="HENDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-35" type="given" value="PETER"/>PETER HENDERSON</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist of 48, Brompton Road—about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160004"/>
<p>1.30 on the morning of May 6th I was in the Knightsbridge Road, when I was suddenly attacked by four men; three are the prisoners—first Williams snatched at my watch chain, and I stepped back and pointed at his stomach with my umbrella; then I hit Sargent over the head and shoulders with my umbrella, because he came to relieve the first—the third prisoner then came up, and I stepped back and fell over the kerb—I could not help myself any more, and I called "Police"—they ran away directly they saw the policeman—the policeman got into a cab and chased them, and brought back three out of the four—I identified Sargent and Williams, but the other I could not identify whether he was the third or the fourth, but he was one of the four—they were taken to the station and charged.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>. You made a grab at my chain—I was not the worse for drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-36" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-36" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE LLOYD</persName> </hi> (63
<hi rend="italic">B</hi>). About 1.30 on May 6th I was on duty in High Road, Knightsbridge, with Police constable 124 B—I went towards where I heard a cry, and saw the prosecutor and three men running away—we got into a cab and overtook them—we caught Kentfield first—I told them that the gentleman coming up would charge them with snatching at his chain—Kentfield said, "If he had not struck us we should not have run away. He struck us first, and was going to kill us"—Read took Williams—both of us took Sargent—he said he was struck by an umbrella—Williams and Sargent gave a false address at St. Clement's Road—Kentfield gave a correct one at Bangor Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>. Your correct address is 40, Sirdir Road, Notting Hill—that is the same road as you gave me, but the name has been changed—I do not know how long—I do not think the prosecutor was the worse for drink; he seemed to be excited.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-37" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-37" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN READ</persName> </hi> (124
<hi rend="italic">B</hi>). I was on duty with the last witness—I heard a cry of "Police"—I went towards theories, and saw the prosecutor, calling out that he had been robbed of a watch and chain—I saw three people running away and got into a cab and chased them—I took Williams and Sargent into custody—Sargent said, "We were frightened of the man and ran away"—Williams said, "We did not touch the man's watch and chain"—at that time nothing had been said about a watch and chain—Kentfield said he was not walking with the other two—he was in front—I had seen them previously in company of each other.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Williams.</hi> only saw three men, not four.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-360-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-360-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-360-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">A former conviction of three months was proved against Williams.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-360-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-360-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-360-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-360-18980516 t18980516-360-punishment-3"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARGENT</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">KENTFIELD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-360-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-360-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-360-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-360-18980516 t18980516-360-punishment-4"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-361">
<interp inst="t18980516-361" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-361" type="date" value="18980516"/>
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<persName id="def1-361-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-361-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-361-18980516" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-361-18980516" type="surname" value="WELSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-361-18980516" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILIP WELSH</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-361-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-361-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-361-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Maliciously wounding
<persName id="t18980516-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-39" type="surname" value="WASHINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-39" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-361-offence-1 t18980516-name-39"/>George Washington</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-40" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-40" type="given" value="SLADE"/>MR. SLADE BUTLER</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-41" type="surname" value="WASHINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-41" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WASHINGTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 62, Brick Lane—on April 26th, about 11 a.m., I was going home through Love Lane—the prisoner and three or four other fellows were standing in the lane—I knew the prisoner by sight—when I got past the lane the prisoner shoved a knife into my left rump twice, and then ran away and gave the knife to another</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160005"/>
<p>man—I did not see him stopped by the constable—when I first saw him he was not having his boots blacked—I saw him taken into custody—I charged him with stabbing me with a pen-knife—he said he did not do it, and that it was "only a lark," and he wanted me to have a drink to square it—the knife was about 2 in. long—I was taken to Gay's Hospital And attended to by the house surgeon—the wound bled all the way to the station—the prisoner is a fish porter—I have never had any words with him, but he is always on me every time he sees me—he has threatened to out me with a knife before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I saw you standing in Love Lane—I saw you coming at me with a knife—I could not stop you when you had a mob—I was going to London Bridge—you ran down Love Lane—you were not having your boots cleaned—you said it was only a lark—you did not say, "Somebody has had a lark with you"—I saw you stab me—there are always a lot of men in Love Lane, but not porters.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I have not been convicted of assault—if he says so, it is untrue—I was brought up before the Magistrate for kicking a woman—I got four months' hard labour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-42" type="surname" value="TRENCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-42" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS TRENCHER</persName> </hi> (835,
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). On April 26th, about 11 a.m. I was called by the prosecutor in Love Lane—the prisoner was walking slowly down Love Lane a few feet away—he passed close to me—he could hear what was said—Washington said he wished to give the prisoner into custody for stabbing him—I told the prisoner, and he ran away—I ran alter him and caught him in Lower Thames Street—I took hold of his hand to see if he had a knife—he had none—I took him into custody and told him he would be charged with stabbing the prosecutor with a knife—he made no reply—the prosecutor had shown me the place where he had been stabbed—I cannot say if it was a serious wound—he was taken to the hospital—they were both sober—no knife has been found—the prisoner did not tell me he was having his boots cleaned—he did not say anything to me about its being a
<hi rend="italic">lark</hi>—I did not see any other men larking about—I had been there just before—when the prosecutor called me there was no body except the prisoner near him—there is a shoeblack there, but he was not blacking anybody's boots.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I caught you in Lower Thames Street—the prosecutor showed me the wound about a minute after it was done.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He did not deny having stabbed him—he made no reply—a crowd assembled afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-43" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-43" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP TURNER</persName> </hi>. I am surgeon at Guy's Hospital—Washington was brought there on April 26th—he was suffering from a small punctured wound in the left buttock, about half-inch deep—it was not serious—it might have been caused by a pen-knife.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It must have been caused by something sharp—a nail would have made a jagged wound.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I was standing having my foots cleaned at the corner of Love Lane by the shoeblack. I saw George Washington come past and there were four or five chaps larking about with him. I went round to see what was the matter, and Washington said I had stabbed him. I said I had not done it, as I did not carry a knife, and that he had made a mistake."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160006"/>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners defence:</hi> I am quite innocent of this charge. I was having my boots greased ready to go home. There was a mob round George Washington, and I walked across, and he was showing the constable a wound—he said I had stabbed him. The constable said, "What have you got in your hand?" and I said, "Nothing."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-361-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-361-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-361-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">A conviction was proved against him of an assault on August 23rd in Love Lane, and numerous other convictions.—
<rs id="t18980516-361-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-361-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-361-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-361-18980516 t18980516-361-punishment-5"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, May</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18980516-362" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-362" type="date" value="18980516"/>
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<persName id="def1-362-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-362-18980516" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-362-18980516" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-362-18980516" type="surname" value="GURMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-362-18980516" type="given" value="AGNES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AGNES GURMAN</hi> (22)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-362-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-362-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-362-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18980516-362-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-362-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-362-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>to unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-362-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-362-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-362-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-362-18980516 t18980516-362-punishment-6"/>One Day's Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18980516-363" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-363" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-363-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-363-18980516 t18980516-363-offence-1 t18980516-363-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-363-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-363-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-363-18980516" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-363-18980516" type="surname" value="HIPKIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-363-18980516" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JOHN HIPKIN</hi> (47),</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-363-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-363-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-363-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to stealing, while employed in the Post Office, a packet containing a purse and 13s., the property of H. M. Postmaster General.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-363-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-363-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-363-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-363-18980516 t18980516-363-punishment-7"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18980516-363-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-363-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-363-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18980516-364" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-364" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-364-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-364-18980516 t18980516-364-offence-1 t18980516-364-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-364-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-364-18980516" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-364-18980516" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-364-18980516" type="surname" value="DICKENSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-364-18980516" type="given" value="ELIZA HENRIETTA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA HENRIETTA DICKENSON</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-364-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-364-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-364-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtaining £10 18s. from
<persName id="t18980516-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-47" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-47" type="given" value="HENRY JAMES SEFTON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-364-offence-1 t18980516-name-47"/>Henry James Sefton Robinson</persName> by false pretences;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, to stealing three cheque forms, the property of
<persName id="t18980516-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-48" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-48" type="surname" value="BROWNE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-48" type="given" value="MARY LUCINDA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-364-offence-1 t18980516-name-48"/>Mary Lucinda Browne</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, to three indictments for forging and uttering cheques for £19 18s., £25 18s., and £10 18s., having been convicted at Tunbridge Wells on July 24th, 1884</rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-364-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-364-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-364-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-364-18980516 t18980516-364-punishment-8"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18980516-364-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-364-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-364-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18980516-365" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-365-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-365-18980516 t18980516-365-offence-1 t18980516-365-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-365-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-365-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-365-18980516" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-365-18980516" type="surname" value="GRAINGER"/>
<interp inst="def1-365-18980516" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK GRAINGER</hi> (23),</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-365-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-365-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-365-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to uttering a forged cheque for £5, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-365-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-365-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-365-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-365-18980516 t18980516-365-punishment-9"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18980516-365-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-365-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-365-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18980516-366" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-366" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-366-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-366-18980516 t18980516-366-offence-1 t18980516-366-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-366-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-366-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-366-18980516" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-366-18980516" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-366-18980516" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK SMITH</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-366-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-366-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-366-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-51" type="surname" value="JARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-51" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER JARMAN</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Catherine Wheel, St. James' Street—on March 15th in the afternoon I served the prisoner with half-a pint of ale, for which he paid with 1d.—after home time he asked for a penny cigar, and tendered a four shilling piece—I had doubts about it, but gave him the 3s. 11d. change—I put it separately, and after he had gone found it was bad—I went out and found him in King Street—I asked him to return me the money, which he did and 1d. for the cigar, and said that he was not aware it was bad—he asked me to give him the coin back—I refused and gave him in charge—the Magistrate dismissed the case.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-52" type="surname" value="JOEL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-52" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED JOEL</persName> </hi> (193
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>). On March 15th Mr. Jarman called me in King Street—the prisoner said, "I did not know the coin was bad. I went into a public-house last night drunk, and tendered a five-shilling piece, and they gave me this four-shilling piece," and at the station he made a statement about changing a half-sovereign—I took him into the Golden Lion and searched him, but found no bad money—he gave the name of Collins, and was discharged by the Magistrate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-53" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-53" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-53" type="given" value="BESSIE MABEL"/>BESSIE MABEL GODDARD</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Albert Hotel, Victoria Street—on April 16th, about 8.40, the electric light went out, and we had to burn candles—the prisoner came in with another man, ordered two glasses of ale, and paid with a five-shilling piece—it was rather light</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160007"/>
<p>I tried it, and called Mr. Leo, the manager, and the prisoner was given into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-54" type="surname" value="LEO"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-54" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN LEO</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Albert Hotel—on April 15th the barmaid spoke down the tube—I went up, and she gave me this five-shilling piece—I went out without speaking to the prisoner, and' got a constable—I asked the prisoner if it was the coin—he said "Yes," and I gave him in custody—he then tendered a shilling, and I gave him a six-pence and fourpence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-55" type="surname" value="PARTRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-55" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PARTRIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). Mr. Leo called me, and showed me a bad crown—the prisoner was there—I asked him if he had any more—he said no—I said, "Where did you get this?"—he said, "From a news
<lb/>paper boy in Victoria Street"—he pulled out a shilling and said, "I will pay for what I have had"—I searched him and found a sixpence and 7 1/2d, in bronze.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-56" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-56" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to H.M. Mint—this four-shilling piece and crown are very bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defence, said that he did not know that the coins were bad.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-366-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-366-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-366-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>*.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-366-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-366-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-366-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-366-18980516 t18980516-366-punishment-10"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-367">
<interp inst="t18980516-367" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-367" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-367-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-367-18980516 t18980516-367-offence-1 t18980516-367-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-367-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-367-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-367-18980516" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-367-18980516" type="surname" value="HEWITT"/>
<interp inst="def1-367-18980516" type="given" value="GORDON FLETCHER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GORDON FLETCHER HEWITT</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-367-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-367-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-367-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering an order for £16 10s., with intent to defraud</rs>.
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner stated in the hearing of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">that he wished to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEAD GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">upon which they found a verdict of</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-367-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-367-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-367-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against him for forgery.—
<rs id="t18980516-367-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-367-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-367-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-367-18980516 t18980516-367-punishment-11"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th, and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-368">
<interp inst="t18980516-368" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-368" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-368-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-368-18980516 t18980516-368-offence-1 t18980516-368-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-368-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-368-18980516 t18980516-368-offence-1 t18980516-368-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-368-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-368-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-368-18980516" type="age" value="57"/>
<interp inst="def1-368-18980516" type="surname" value="LEON"/>
<interp inst="def1-368-18980516" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARCUS LEON</hi> (57)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-368-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-368-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-368-18980516" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def2-368-18980516" type="surname" value="BLUMENTHAL"/>
<interp inst="def2-368-18980516" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BLUMENTHAL</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-368-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-368-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-368-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Un
<lb/>lawiully aiding and procuring
<persName id="t18980516-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-60" type="surname" value="PRINGLE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-60" type="given" value="HENRY STRACHAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-368-offence-1 t18980516-name-60"/>Henry Strachan Pringle</persName> and others to obtain £241 6s. 9d. and other sums by false pretences from the
<persName id="t18980516-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-61" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-368-offence-1 t18980516-name-61"/>Paris Banking Company</persName> and other banks.
<hi rend="italic">Other counts.</hi>—For obtaining: money by false pretences from Parr's and other banks; and for conspiracy to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LORD COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-62" type="surname" value="BURCKHARDT"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-62" type="given" value="ERNEST FREDERICK JULIUS"/>ERNEST FREDERICK JULIUS BURCKHARDT</persName> </hi>. I live at East Dulwich—I am a marine insurance underwriter—up to March 1897, I carried on business at 9, Gracechurch Street, under the style of John Thorn and Company, marine insurance brokers and underwriters—that business was very successful—in 1894 I became connected with a patent for tile making, and went into a partnership in the name of the Self-Lock Roofing and Tile Company, and carried on that business till the beginning of 1897—it was made into a limited liability com
<lb/>pany—in 1896 I became embarrassed financially through it, in con
<lb/>sequence of which I advertised in the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi> for a partner with capital—in answer to which I received a letter from J. Blumenthal and Co.—in consequence of that letter I called at 19, Broad Street</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160008"/>
<p>Avenue—I saw both prisoners—I referred to the advertisement and said I wanted £5,000 to help me to develop the Self-Locking Roof Tile Company—I showed them circulars and papers, and the opinions of British architects, and told them of the success in the sales of the tiles on the Continent—I left the papers with them and they promised to let me know their reply in a few days—I received their letter of February 28th, 1895, which is a mistake and should be 1896, returning some of the papers, and saying it would not suit their friends—I heard no more till July, 1896, when in consequence of another letter I called at 19, Broad Street Avenue, and saw the defendants—Leon said it was a very good thing and he said most likely he could find a person who would interest himself in the development—he asked for more papers and said he would give me an answer—he could not do so then—I went again a fortnight after and saw Leon—he said he thought this same person was willing to take the matter up; that he had purchased a large and very good colliery at a very low price, and that he wanted £9,000 or £10,000 capital, and that if the business was put through I would have to advance the gentleman, to complete his purchase, £5,000—I did not like the idea, and I said so—Leon said the gentleman was in a very good position, only he had undertaken too many things, and, owing to them, he was short of money and could not realize without loss of what he had—I saw him again and he said the matter could be made perfect—he had heard from the gentleman whom he gave me to understand was in Scotland, and was a tile and terra-cotta manufacturer, a very large landowner with over 300 horses, and very valuable collieries, and was deriving a profit of £25 a week from one contract alone, and if he sold out £30,000 clear profit would be left, so that he was a very valuable man—he said I could make inquiries and proposed that I should draw bills for him to accept on the Clydesdale Bank at Wishaw, who would inform me that the gentleman was worth £20,000, half of the amount was to be handed to this gentleman, a Mr. Agnew, of Carluke, and half to me, against the purchase money—I was to pay half the money three days before the maturity of the bills—he inquired who were my bankers, and wanted to see my bank books—I had accounts at the National Bank, Limited, Old Broad Street, and the London Joint Stock Bank—I showed both pass-books to Leon—I next had an interview with him, Mr. Agnew was named, and we arranged the commission—the same day I signed this memorandum of September 21st, 1896, by which I agreed to pay Blumenthal and Co. £300 as consideration for the introduction to the firm who were to discount my acceptances, or assist me financially—I also signed the agreement of September 22nd to pay Blumenthal and Co. a commission of ten per cent, on the sale of my self-locking roof and tile machines, as well as on any tiles sold—on December 15th, 1896, I signed a further commission note on the same printed form, agreeing to pay Blumenthal and Co. a commission of £200, as consideration for the introduction to the firm—I drew four bills upon John Agnew, of Carlnke, on his return from Glasgow, when Agnew agreed to purchase 100 machines—Blumenthal told me he had gone to Scotland, and that he wanted more papers and samples—he said, "I have seen Agnew, and he is willing to enter into an agreement to take 100 machines off your hands at £100," or "£60,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160009"/>
<p>with a royalty of £100 per annum"—I wrote the letter of September 21st, enclosing the four bills for £607 15s., £590 5s., £627 17s. 6d. and £609 2s. 6d., odd figures, but making an even total of £2,435—these bills were drawn in my office, but the figures wore given me by Leon, the £2,435 representing the value of forty machines at £60 plus packing expenses and cases—forty machines were to be sent to Agnew first—I said I would have them made ready and sent at once—I said, "If I have to discount these bills with my bankers what shall I say, they not having all been sent?"—he said, "Toucan tell your bankers they are for machines to be supplied, but do not leave the invoice in the hands of the bankers"—I had then this invoice, which on Leon's sugges
<lb/>tion I had instructed my clerk (Goodchild) to draw—there is nothing to show whether they are sent—they are either sent or to be sent—there is nothing about "to be sent"—I discounted one bill at my bank—the National—one with John Brown and Co., and two with Mr. Salton, who is a witness—I produced the invoice at the time—I remitted half the proceeds in accordance with my agreement with Blumenthal and Co. for them to forward to Agnew—I believe they either deducted, or I had to give them a cheque for their £300 commission—I sent this letter to Agnew advising him of the discounting of the bills for £1,208 19s. 11d.—I received this receipt from Blumenthal and Go. of October 19th for that sum—about October 17th I received this type-written letter on the note-paper of the Euston Hotel from John Agnew (
<hi rend="italic">For six machines to be sent on trial</hi>)—I replied agreeing to that on October 22nd, stating: "It is understood that the machines sent on trial remain our property until the purchase is com
<lb/>pleted or confirmed, and we shall be glad if you will kindly confirm this in your next letter"—I wrote on November 7th agreeing to accept the letter of October 17th, as the basis of our agreement, and undertaking to send the six machines to Carluke, Agnew paying carriage to and fro—that answer was drafted because I said the terms were for 100 machines, of which forty were to be sent at once, and the answer was that I heed not be afraid that the contract would not be completed, that Agnew had his own reasons, and I wanted something in writing to snow that agreement—Leon said Agnew was in their hands—on December 16th, 1896, I sent six tile-making machines to Agnew—I inquired from time to time and heard that the factory was not ready for receiving the machines—those six were the only machines ever sent—when I came to Leon with Agnew's letter he said, "You need not take any notice of that; it is written by ourselves—I said, "It is dated from the hotel"—he said, "Oh, never mind, it is written from our own office"—then he dictated for me the draft answer to Agnew's letter—on January 29th, 1897, I wrote asking Agnew as a personal favour to send his acceptances for £600, the purchase price of the machines, and undertaking to refund the money if he should decide not to keep them—I mentioned Mr. Cliffe in that letter, who was Agnew's clerk, but who, I was told, was a timber merchant—I believe I saw him at Blumenthal's office that morning—I had seen him there before—Leon asked me to introduce him to my west end bankers for the purpose of discounting his own bills as a wood merchant—Agnew agreed to give me bills of exchange for £600—I wrote this letter of February 12th, undertaking; if he wished to return the machines to repay the £600—this transaction was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160010"/>
<p>by the wish of the Limited Company then formed, to be kept distinct in the books—I drew additional bills upon Agnew in September, 1896, and March, 1897, which he accepted in the same way, and which I have discounted with my bankers and other people—they amount altogether to about £20,000 face value—half the proceeds were remitted to him—these proceeds were always sent through Blumeuthal—the amounts were always fixed by Leon—they were written on pieces of paper given to me, or to my clerk Butler, or communicated through the telephone—they were always for odd amounts, except two bills for £1,000 in December, 1896, in favour of Mr. Hockey—these five receipts (
<hi rend="italic">found among the papers at Blumenthal and Co.'s</hi>) are receipts to Blumenthal, who sent his receipts to me—they appear to be for half the proceeds of the bills—at maturity I provided my half of the bills—so that they were met up to March, 1897—after that I was unable to provide any more—neither did Agnew—the bills then current were dishonoured—Blumenthal and Co. introduced me to four or five other firms—in October or November, 1896, I gave them the second commission—among those firms were Freedom, Son and Co., who, I was told, were very large merchants, with stock worth over £20,000, and doing a very good business—another was Dewhurst and Co.—I paid Leon and Co. £200 in respect of each—they are all bankrupt—upon them I drew bills, which were accepted in the same way, for amounts with odd shillings and pence—no goods were supplied except the six machines to Agnew—I asked him, upon his intro
<lb/>ducing other firms, what I should say to the bankers if they should put the question what the bills were for—he said I was to say the bills were in the ordinary course of business, but he said, "Do not say they are trade bills"—he did not explain the difference—outside Agnew, the total would not be more than £2,400, if so much—I always sent the half proceeds through Blumenthal and Co.—about October, 1896, the National bank said they would rather the bills would run off before they took any more—I told Leon of that, and he said, "You must open another bank, in order to discount your bills"—he mentioned other banks—amongst them Armstrong's—in consequence of which I opened an account with that bank in the City—I discounted bills with Armstrong's from October, 1896, to February, 1897—in December, 1896, when they had two bills of Agnew's, they wanted to wait till the bills had run off—then, at Leon's suggestion, I opened an account with Brown, Jansen and Co., and trans
<lb/>ferred, I think, the whole of my balance from Armstrong's to them, £1,532—that was the proceeds of discounting bills and moneys I had received—I then discounted bills with Brown, Jansen and Co.—one bill was accepted by Freedom and Son, one by Agnew, and two by Dewhurst—Mr. Cooper, of Jansen's, asked me about a bill of Agnew's and a bill of Freedom's, and I told him I had a contract for 100 machines, and the bills were to be drawn against that, and others were drawn in the ordinary course of business—these five bills (Exhibits 32 to 36) I dis
<lb/>counted with Mr. Salton and Mr. Noad—in remitting the half proceeds Leon told me not to insert the name of Blumenthal in the cheques, because the banks might easily trace where they came from, and the nature of the transactions that led to them, but to insert the name of my clerk, Butler, or my lady clerk, Boston—I wrote one cheque to Blumenthal and Co., and it was returned to me—all other cheques I made payable to Butler</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160011"/>
<p>or Boston, and sent them to Blumenthal and Co.—in January, 1897, Janseus wanted to wait till the bills had matured before they accepted any more—Leon said he had a good connection in his own land, and it would be well if I sent my bills to Amsterdam or Rotterdam, and have £300 in the branch office there, and make it look very nice, leaving small balances and drafts in England to send to those bankers, and Leon would send other bills of his own, and so discount something like £40,000 in the course of a year—when the bills matured the people would go to Jansen's or Amsterdam or Rotterdam—I said I could not do such business—in March, 1897, I heard of the sequestration of Agnew's affairs in Scotland—I thereupon wrote to Agnew, regretting it, and hoping the difficulty would be got over by the assistance of his friends, stating I was in the same position—that the bills were simply accommodation bills, although, given in contemplation of future transactions, and hoping Mr. Salton, through whom bills had been discounted, would see it in that light—on May 15th my petition in bankruptcy was filed—on July 28th I was adjudicated bankrupt with £9,451 of liabilities incurred since my introduc
<lb/>tion to Blumenthals, and only owing to that introduction—after my ex
<lb/>amination in bankruptcy I was charged at the Mansion House, with having obtained money on credit by lake pretences from bankers, and Salton and Lowe—I was committed for trial here, and on March 9th I pleaded guilty to "a technical offence"—(
<hi rend="italic">See Sessions Paper for March</hi>)—on that day I was called by telephone to the defendant's office, after I had left this court—Leon said the Court had taken a very mild and lenient view of the matter—I said, "Yes, but they might not take the same lenient view of what you have done "or" of your position"—Leon said, "Well, if a search warrant is issued nothing will be found in our offices to embarrass us"—before I left he proposed some insurance business, and said that was the reason why he called me there; he wanted to have the representa
<lb/>tion of some Continental companies—he also said, "I have seen my doctor, and he rather suggests I should go out of the country; my head has been bad."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The gentleman who introduced the patent to me worked with me since August, 1894—in February, 1896, I bought him out—I consider the patent capable of great development—the defendants at the first interview said they had been dealing in patents—I received this, letter from the defendants of 28th February, 1896: "Bear Sir—We here with beg to return to you the papers left with us for perusal, and in reply to your inquiry, we beg to say that your proposal will not suit our clients"—that had to do with our conversation and not with the profits from working the machine—they declined my proposal, and after an interval of four or five months, asked for prospectuses, samples of tiles, as well as my pass books, which showed a turnover of about £100,000—by the printed agreement which I signed, commission ought not to have been payable in respect of further firms introduced, and I was left to make my own inquiries of the person introduced before the introduction was effected—the names of the firm's bankers were given to me, but I could only make enquiries through Blumenthals, their London agents—the letter I wrote to Agnew was drafted by Leon—I wrote in my own name, and writing in reply to letters addressed to me—I never took the invoice of the machines, nor a copy of it, to Mr. Hockey—I had arranged with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160012"/>
<p>him for about eighty and forty were paid for in December, 1896, when the Tile Company had become a Limited Company—the delivery order to Hockey was in February, not December, 1890—Blumenthars sugges
<lb/>tion of accommodation bill was novel to me—I had not done it before with Suart and Co., nor with Woodside of Belfast—I have assisted Woodside several times—I have not done it outside my own business—only in the Mineral Estates Corporation—I owed Suart and Co. on my bankruptcy about £10,000 for advances—I was asked by the Official Receiver to give evidence—I swore the information.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The Mineral Estates office was 2, Old Serjeants' Inn, Chancery Lane—this is Blumeuthal and Co.'s letter to Mr. Tippett, manager, asking him to make cheque payable to L. Boston for their remittance to Pringle and Co.—the bills I was asked to draw were for three or four months—at the date of Agnew's bankruptcy I believe I had drawn bills to the extent of £6,000, and the aggregate bills were £9,400, so far as I am concerned, I do not speak for him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-63" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-63" type="given" value="JOHN WHITTAKBR"/>JOHN WHITTAKBR COOPER</persName> </hi>. I am a partner of Brown, Jansen and Co., bankers, 32, Abchurch Lane—on December 16th, 1896. an account was opened by Burckhardt in the name of John Thorl and Co. by the pay
<lb/>ment of £1,532 17s. 6d. cash—I produce a certified extract from our books—on December 18th he brought these bills for £883 14s. 6d. and £462 10s. for discount—he said they were commercial bills, and good bills—believing his statement and on the faith of a good report of himself the drawer, and of the acceptor, I caused to be placed to his credit £1,345 19s. 6d.—the bills ran their course, and were dishonoured—it then came to my knowledge that both acceptors had failed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Discounting bills is part of our business from which we look for profit—we make inquiries of bankers on the first transaction—we found with regard to Agnew they were satisfactory, or the bills would not have been discounted.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> If we had known the bills were accommodation bills, and that the proceeds were to be divided between the drawer and acceptor, we should not have discounted them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-64" type="surname" value="SALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-64" type="given" value="JAMES ALBERT"/>JAMES ALBERT SALTON</persName> </hi>. I am a bill broker, of 10, George Yard, Lombard Street, trading with another as J. A. Salton and Co.—in September, 1896, Burckhardt brought two bills to be discounted, accepted by John Agnew—he said they were for payment for machines for making tiles—I accepted that statement, and discounted the bills—they were met at maturity—in January, 1897, Burckhardt brought me this bill for £889 16s. 6d., and made the same statement—upon which I handed him these two cheques, dated January 4th, 1897, for £700 and £148 10s. 5d.—about January 8th he came with another bill for £435 7s. with the same acceptor's name, and made the same statement—believing it I gave him for them two cheques of £200 each—both were dishonoured at maturity—I went to Scotland to attend a meeting of creditors of John Agnew on March 24th, 1897.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I inquired as to Agnew's position, he being the acceptor of the bills—I asked two bankers if he was good for £5,000—in both cases the inquiries were most satisfactory.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-65" type="surname" value="GOODCHILD"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-65" type="given" value="ARTHUR CLEMENT"/>ARTHUR CLEMENT GOODCHILD</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to the Self Lock Roofing Tile Company, Limited, of 9, Gracechurch Street—in September, 1896,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160013"/>
<p>I was employed by Mr. Burckhardt, and under his instructions made out the invoice (f forty tile-making machines to Mr. Agnew—I handed it to Burckhardt, who, after some conversation between us, kept it—September 30th in the invoice book is the date when the liability would commence—usually the date of the sale or when the goods are dispatched—the date on the left (September 22nd) is the date when the invoice was made out—forty machines had not been supplied then—the six machines referred to in the invoice book of January 12th, 1897, were forwarded—I know of no others going.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not seen Burckhardt since his examination, to-day—I put September 22nd, because I made out the invoice then, but I knew the machines had not gone—the company became a limited company about November, 1896—this invoice has the word "Limited" added, but that copy has been made subsequently—only about ten machines were taken over from Burckhardt by the limited company.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-66" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-66" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk—I live at 105, Bailey's Lane, Totten
<lb/>ham—I was Mr. Burckhardt's confidential clerk—I was introduced by Marcus Leon in about September, 1896, and became aware of their transactions with Agnew and others about the beginning of October—there was telephonic communication between Burckhardt's and Blumenthal's offices—I often received messages, generally from Leon, as to the amount?, dates, and particulars, from which I drew the bills—Burckhardt would also come with slips of paper in his hand from Blumenthal's—I often attended at Blumenthal's office at 9, Broad Street Avenue—they would look the bills over which I took there, and I generally left them with them to be forwarded to other people—Burck
<lb/>hardt gave me the form of the bills in his writing, which was always used—Leon gave me instructions—a usual form of letter was sent with the bill by myself, generally signed by John Thorl and Go.—the body of this certificate of registration of November 14th, 1896, is my writing, as well as the particulars and dates of the bills—some of these letters are in Burckhardt's writing—in December, 1896, Burckhardt went to Germany, and was away over a week, till after Christmas—I reported to Leon all the business of Burckhardt's office during that time—that was in accord
<lb/>ance with Burckhardt's orders before he left—I carried out those orders every day, and more than once in the day if the matter was important—this is my note of December 30th, 1896—I received instructions from Leon with regard to the bills referred to—on one occasion Leon said to Blumenthal, "My God, James, he has got it all down like a lawyer!"—directly afterwards Leon took me by the arm and said, "For God's sake, Butler, never keep a copy of writing in our business in connection with Burckhardt!" or words to that effect—these are the ordinary receipts given by Blumenthal to Burckhardt (
<hi rend="italic">receipts produced for half the amounts of tike acceptances</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-67" type="surname" value="NOAD"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-67" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>THOMAS WILLIAM NOAD</persName> </hi>. I am an insurance broker, of 9, Fenchurch Avenue, trading, with others, as Charles Taylor and Co.—I remember Burckhardt bringing this bill accepted by Agnew in September or October, 1896—he said he was selling Agnew a lot of machines of the Tile Making Company, and this was for 100 machines—he produced an invoice for a number of machines—believing the genuineness of his representations, I discounted the bill—that was met at maturity—in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160014"/>
<p>January, 1897, he brought me this further bill for £619 17s. 6d.—he said he was selling Agnew more machines—in consequence of that statement I gave him a cheque for £605 12s. 7d.—that bill was dis
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-68" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-68" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM ANDERSON"/>JOHN WILLIAM ANDERSON BELL</persName> </hi>. I am a chartered accountant in the employ of Thompson, Jackson, Galway, and Taylor, of 24, George Square, Glasgow, trustees in the sequestration of John Agnew, of Carluke, on December 4th, 1897—I produce a number of letters from Burckhardt, Thorl, and Co. to Agnew, which were found amongst Agnew's papers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-69" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM HAWES"/>WILLIAM HAWES BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am the son of John Butler—I live at Tottenham—I am a clerk—in November, 1891, I was engaged as office boy by Marcus Leon, of 67, Broad Street Avenue, bill broker and financial agent—I went to Blumenthal's office in 1891—there was telephonic communication between the two offices—in 1892 Leon moved downstairs in the same building—Blumenthal moved from Finsbury Circus and at 84, Oxford Street the telephonic communication was preserved—after six or nine months I wrote the correspondence—Leon answered advertisements and advertised to people wanting working capital—he received a commission for introducing one person to another for the purpose of discounting bills—in 1892 he began at £25 for the introduction—Blumenthal did the same business—in 1894 Leon joined Blumenthal at 84, Oxford Street, as J. Blumenthal and Co.—in 1895 they removed to Broad Street Avenue, where they remained as Blumen
<lb/>thal and Co. up to December, 1896—I have often seen Solomon Grant there—he is another son-in-law of Leon—Grant was in business in Liverpool when I first heard of him, but he came to 27, Broad Street Avenue, and a company was formed, viz., "S. Grant, Limited"—the offices were opposite Blumenthal's—Leon conducted the business of S. Grant, Limited—I was in that office sometimes—I received instrnc
<lb/>tions from Leon in that business, and wrote letters on paper of S. Grant, Limited, in Blumenthal's office—there was a rubber stamp there of that firm—there was correspondence between S. Grant, Limited, and John Agnew in March, 1896—I wrote some of the letters—Agnew paid considerable sums in commissions—I know of no regular account books of Blumenthal and Co.—there were"
<hi rend="italic">Where is it?"</hi> books like that produced, containing names and addresses—there was also a lady clerk, Miss Boston—I was the typewriter—a "
<hi rend="italic">Where is it?"</hi> book would last about two months—the whole of the business was done at Blu
<lb/>merthal' office—cheques for the proceeds of discounting bills were made payable in my or Miss Boston's name—I took the cheques to the bank—I remember instances of cheques coining with the acceptor's name as the payee—they were returned to be drawn in other names—I have seen at the office Pringle, Howard, and Burckhardt—I typed this letter dated from the Euston Hotel, London, October 17tb, 1896, in Blumenthal's office—John Agnew signed it in the office—he was saying at that hotel, and brought the papers—the defendants were present—this letter is Leon's writing (
<hi rend="italic">signed</hi> "Pringle and Co.')—I remained in this employment till August 19th, 1897.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> In all cases Blumenthal and Co. required a banker's reference—the name of the customers might be struck out of the book</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160015"/>
<p>but still used again later on—when the name is struck out on both sides there would be no more business—there were files on which documents were put.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-70" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-70" type="given" value="GEORGE INGLIS"/>GEORGE INGLIS BOYLE</persName> </hi>. I am a messenger in the Record Office of the Bankruptcy Court—I produce files of bankruptcy proceedings in the matters of Max Benjamin Schumen, Marcus Leon, Leon Brothers and Co., and Ferdinand Despostes—on January 21st, 1873, Leon, then trading as Max Benjamin Schumen, is described as a merchant shipper, and his gross liabilities were put at £40,000—his second bankruptcy was on July 22nd, 1887, as Marcus Leon, with liabilities of £1,881—his third bankruptcy was on November 9th, 1888, with liabilities of £511—his assets were 5s. 8d.—he is still undischarged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-71" type="surname" value="PEINGLE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-71" type="given" value="HENRY STRACHAN"/>HENRY STRACHAN PEINGLE</persName> </hi>. I am an accountants clerk—I now live at Fulham—up to July, 1895, I carried on business as an asbestos manu
<lb/>facturer, at St. Leonard's Works, Bromley-by-Bow—in 1894 I was interested in a patent which led to embarrassment—in October, 1894, I called at 19, Broad Street Avenue, and saw Blumenthal—we conversed about the patent, and he said he did not care about patents, but he would see his partner, Mr. Leon"—I called again within a day or two, and saw both defendants—Leon said if on inquiry they found matters satis
<lb/>factory they would be able to introduce me to a friend to draw bills on mutual terms—each party was to take half the proceeds—I was to pay £25 for each introduction—upon his asking me I told him I banked at the National Bank—I showed him my pass book—Leon looked at it, and said it was satisfactory—I then signed this commission note:—"St. Leonard's Asbestos Works, Bromley-by-Bow, R, October 25th, 1894—Messrs. J. Blumenthal and Co., London—Dear Sir,—We hereby agree to pay to you £25 sterling commission as a consideration for introducing to us a firm who would discount either our own acceptance or otherwise assist us financially, and such payment shall be in full discharge of all future transactions with such firm. It is to be understood that such commission shall only be payable to you in the event of our entertaining and having commenced the transaction, and before doing business with any firm introduced by you we shall make our own inquiries as to their standing; and it is further under
<lb/>stood that although you receive a commission from the firm you introduce to us we shall consider you acting in the capacity of agents, holding you free from any liability.—Yours respectfully,
<hi rend="smallCaps">PEINGLE AND</hi> Co."—(
<hi rend="italic">stamped 6d.</hi>)—Leon took from his pocket a little book of names—he read some names and said, "Pointon and Company would suit me very well to draw upon," and asked me to get a bill stamp—I got two—bills were drawn for odd amounts, as he said they would appear to be genuine trade bills—and if the bankers asked me I was to state they were for goods supplied—Blumenthal broke in with, "If you do not care to tell them that, tell them they are for value"—I did object at first—I next received a letter from them enclosing bills accepted by Pointon and Co.—I discounted one at the National Bank, of which Mr. Collins is the manager, for £243 11s., and the other at Parr's for £241 6s. 9d—this is my letter to Pointon and Co., giving details for the division of the proceeds of discounting—I sent Blumenthal's my cheque for £238 2s, 1d.—the bills were post dated November 8th and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160016"/>
<p>15th—the cheques were drawn in fictitious names, which Blumenthal gave me, stating the object was that the bankers should not know the nature of the transaction—about November 9th I got another bill accepted for, £138 12s. 9d. by the Ford Lloyd Manufacturing Company—that I discounted at the National Bank—I then wrote these letters in Blumenthal's office, Leon dictating the wording (
<hi rend="italic">of November</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">enclosing cheque for</hi> £68 2s, 5d.,
<hi rend="italic">half proceeds for Ford Lloyds, and November 16th:</hi> "I have this day received my cheque from you and given you in exchange for same a cheque drawn by the Adamant Stone and Paving Company, Limited, the payment of which I guarantee ")—the bills were dishonoured—my cheques were made out to Butler and Boston—towards the end of November the banks said they were full up, and I told the defendants—we discussed the way of meet
<lb/>ing that, and arranged to open an account at the North Western Bank in Liverpool—I said I had no money to open an account with—Leon said, "Leave that to me; I will find the money"—I arranged to go to Liverpool, where I met Leon at the Midland Hotel—he got two promissory notes from me, one in favour of S. Grant for £110, and one in favour of F. Barnett for £155—I also got cheques from Grant and Barnett, which I cashed at Grant's bank—with those proceeds I opened an account at the North-Western Bank at Liverpool—Leon introduced me to Barnett as a bill discounter I believe—I saw Grant at the hotel with Leon—he was the secretary of the Globe Furnishing Company in Liverpool—then bills were put forward for discounting—one of December 4th for £157 8s. 6d.—the usual course was pursued—I wrote this letter from Blumenthal's office forwarding cheque for £77 14s. 3d. and acknowledging acceptance—the cheque was drawn in the name of Payne—the bill was dishonoured at maturity—on December 5th, 1894, I paid Blumenthal and Co. further commissions for introductions to other firms—bills were drawn, accepted, and dishonoured to the extent of £5,000—I paid Blumenthal and Co. altogether for commissions £750 or £800, including £100 in Glasgow—bills of two firms were met out of about a dozen firms to whom they introduced me, and I had to go into the Bank
<lb/>ruptcy Court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I made inquiries—I believe the banks made inquiries—they were not told the bills were accommodation bills—I believe Bur
<lb/>den' bills were dishonoured—I do not suggest Blumenthal's suggested the plan as a novelty to me—I do not suggest anything—I simply state facts.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Burden's name was given to me by a third party—I did not know him before that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-72" type="surname" value="LEDLAED"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-72" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED LEDLAED</persName> </hi>. I am manager Parr's Bank, Limited, Stratford Branch—in 1894 Pringle opened an account—on November 2nd he brought two bills for discounting—one is for £249 6s. 9d.—he said they were ordinary trade bills—I advanced him £225 on the two bills—it was placed to his credit—he drew against it in a day or two—the bills were dishonoured—the acceptors were Pointon and Co., Limited.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Pringle made no special representation with each bill—he gave me a list of bills, shortly after he opened the account in May, 1894—I saw him several times.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Pointon and Co.'s name was on the list.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160017"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-73" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-73" type="given" value="ALEXANDER GORDON"/>ALEXANDER GORDON BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am the manager of the North-Western Branch at Liverpool of the London and Midland Bank, which was called the North-Western Bank up to 1894—in November, 1894, Pringle opened an account—I saw him when he brought the first or second bill for dis
<lb/>counting—in conversation he led me to understand they were trade bills in connection with his business in London of asbestos packing, and that he was going to open a branch in Liverpool—he discounted the six bills produced with us on the same understanding that they were trade bills—they were dishonoured—of the £157 8s. 6d., £137 13s. 6d. has been recovered from Robert Owen—Widdowes, Howard, and Co., coal merchants, had an account at our bank—I received from Mr. Howard a number of bills for discount—among them two in January, 1895, for £217 3s. 2d., accepted by D. G. Graham, and £258 16s. by W. J. Waddell—both were dishonoured—I assumed they were trade bills, nothing else would be acceptable—on one occasion I wanted to know the nature of what appeared a peculiar bill, as it was connected with wine, and not coal—I forget his answer, but it was satisfactory.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We invariably make inquiries with regard to accept
<lb/>ing bills—for an old customer we should probably discount a bill, and then inquire—the Globe Company had an account—they did not become insolvent—I understood Mr. Grant introduced Pringle, but it was a mistake, he assured me he did not—it was not necessary for me to see Pringle—he opened the account with a considerable Bum placed to his credit.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I know nothing of S. Grant, Limited—I understood it was Mr. J. R. Grant who introduced Pringle—he is a member of a very respectable firm—I would have 'given great credence to anything he said.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-74" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-74" type="given" value="JOHN HOARR"/>JOHN HOARR COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I am now retired—in 1894-5 I was manager of the Goswell Road Branch of the National Bank, Limited, when Pringle had an account there—I discounted bills for him—the first time I asked him what it was for—he said it was for asbestos steam packing—I inspected his works at Bromley-by-Bow afterwards, and entered thoroughly into the discount business with him—I discounted the six bills produced—I understood they were for value received in merchandise—they were all dishonoured.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I inspected Pringle's works about the end of 1894—that was after I had discounted the bills—my inquiries were satis
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-75" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-75" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HOWARD</persName> </hi>. I am a merchant, of 9, Chapel Walk, Liverpool—in 1893 I was a partner in the firm of Widdowes. Howard, and Co., of Liverpool and South Wales, colliery proprietors and coal merchants—in 1893 I answered an advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Colliery Guardian</hi> to "Discount, 54, New Oxford Street"—I read this reply of August 2nd, 1893 (
<hi rend="italic">from Blumenthal and Co.</hi>, 84,
<hi rend="italic">Oxford Street, financial agents, asking far means of inquiries or pass book</hi>) I answered that and received this loiter of August 10th (
<hi rend="italic">declining unless they nerved the name of bankers</hi>)—nothing further happened till December 14th, when I received this letter (
<hi rend="italic">referring to former correspondence and suggesting introduction to Agnew and payment of a commission</hi>)—that was followed by meeting Blumenthal at my office in Liverpool—he said he would introduce names</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160018"/>
<p>and we could draw or accept bills and divide the proceeds between the drawer and the acceptor, at the time of discount, who could fail three days before the maturity of the bill—I was surprised at the suggestion and was rather diffident about doing it, but he assured me there was no danger, that it was quite safe in every respect, and quite a common thing to be done—I accepted that statement and signed this commission note of January 1sf, 1894. agreeing to pay £25 for the introduction—on January 4th I received this letter from Blumenthal and Co. (
<hi rend="italic">suggesting a firm in Liverpool</hi>)—after further correspondence, Leon called upon me in Liverpool—he produced bills on Hutchinsons, of Dundee, which he asked me to accept and said Hutchinsons would get them discounted and remit half the proceeds—I made inquiries through a trade society—Hutchinsons were reported to be people of good standing—I believed the statements and accepted two bills prepared by Leon which were discounted by Hutchinson in Dundee—at the same time I drew two other bills on Brock and Son, of Bristol, who accepted them and they were discounted—Leon said he had to be careful in recommending not to mention the full amount as the bank might think they were not good for £1,000—Leon came several times—I was extremely uneasy and spoke to him about it—he said if inquiries were made by the bank, I was to say they were trade bills—I arranged with both the defendants, who suggested I should make the cheques payable in other names, so that they should not be traced by the bank—Leon gave me the name of L. Boston—I discounted bills drawn and accepted in this way with the North Western Bank at Liverpool, and with the Mold branch of the National and Provincial Bank—in all Leon and Blumenthal introduced about twenty-five names for me to draw upon—bills were in this way put in circulation to the amount of about £50,000—the bills were paid in in the ordinary way as trade bills—I signed these agreements and paid in com
<lb/>missions £12 10s., £50, and the various amounts stated for introductions to customers—I had one transaction with Pringle, in which the solicitor was pressing Pringle to return bills which he had obtained from me—I had accepted them, and the proceeds had not been remitted to me—I ascertained they had gone to Barnett and Co., of Liverpool—Canning Street, I think—who had stuck to them—among the bills I discounted I was one for £258 16s., accepted by W. J. Waddell in the spring of 1895; one was accepted by Brock and Son, to which my letter to Blumenthal and Co., of February 1st, 1894, refers in which I state: "We beg now to hand you cheque value £202 9s. 6d. and £67 6s. 6d., two £100 notes, postal order payable J. B. and Co., £6 Us. 11d., total £476 10s. 11d. for you to pass on to Messrs. Brock and Son with the statement enclosed for them. You will notice that one cheque is your own. We prefer not to pass it through our bank, as they might know your business, and it would not suit any of us. Please ask B. and Son to send receipt for this"—that was the half proceeds which I was sending to Blumenthal and Co.—"One cheque is your own" refers to a cheque they had sent me in another transaction which I returned in this—the bills referred to were for £483 4s. 6d. and £484 7s. 6d.—the average discount is 5 per cent, but for a good trade bill 3 1/2 per cent.—these seven bills were some which I discounted at the "Mold branch of the National Provincial</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160019"/>
<p>Bank—about twenty of the twenty-five names introduced to me became bankrupt—I became bankrupt in October, 1895—at that time I was liable for about £9,000 on these accommodation bills alone—I received this letter of April 4th from Blumenthal and Co. (
<hi rend="italic">requesting remittance to be made out to L. Boston, and return the bill not discounted</hi>)—I wrote them this letter of May 18th, 1894 (
<hi rend="italic">stating:</hi> "We note what you say and wait further news, hoping for good results financially. We have yours
<hi rend="italic">re</hi> Mr. Bailey and new North Lees wood Colliery, and cannot quite see our way to do this, as we have already discounted one of his bills where we would have to make this bill payable, and it would tell a tale,"
<hi rend="italic">etc.</hi>)—that passage refers to bills of the description produced—I hesitated to discount a bill where the same party was a drawer—prior to my communications with Blumenthal and Co. I had never discounted nor been party to an accommodation bill.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not advertise—I saw the advertisement—I did not want it known that we wanted the money ourselves—I was not going to tell them so at first—I wanted the money for the colliery—I did not send the pass-book—the defendants told us to say the bills were trade bills after we had discounted some—that was not the first conversation about the banks—we were free to continue negotiation with the person introduced without extra charge—I was concerned with bills to the extent of £50,000—they were not all dishonoured—in the majority of cases we started with two bills for £400 to £500 each—the commission payable would be as to about £20,000 roughly—I have said the first transaction did not exceed £6,000 to £8,000, but reckoning it up I think it would be much more—the commission would be nearly £600—the amount of the bill had nothing to do with the commission—the majority of bills Blumenthal and Co. had nothing to do with—I proceeded to draw bills independently of them—they were also for odd amounts—I cannot say whom the remittances were made payable to, but it is not likely I should make them payable to the acceptor—if I had an ordinary cheque in the office I should send that on, or if I had cash I should remit it—I was examined in bankruptcy—I did not mention the defendant's suggestion of these were trade bills that I remember.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> My first accommodation bill transaction was through Blumenthal and Co.—the first suggestion of drawing for odd amounts was from Leon, I think, but one of the defendants—I asked them why should not the bills be drawn for even amounts, and they said it looked more like business to have them for even amounts—I had been in business for some time prior to 1893, in a good position, and Mayor of my town—on the introduction to Blumenthal and Co. in nineteen months I came down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-76" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-76" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY RICHARD MACDONALD"/>WILLIAM HENRY RICHARD MACDONALD JOHNSON</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the branch of the National Provincial Bank of England, Limited, at Mold, Flintshire—the new North Leeswood Colliery Company had an account With us in 1894—John Howard, the last witness, was the managing direc
<lb/>tor of that colliery company—in consequence of believing Howard's re
<lb/>presentation that his firm of Widdowes, Howard and Co. were the sole gents for the sale of that company's coal, and thatall bills passed by them were for value or for coal sold on behalf of the colliery, we discounted</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160020"/>
<p>seven bills amounting to about £1,500—they were all dishonoured—in May, 1895, the colliery went into liquidation, Howard and Co., bee me bankrupt, and a Receiver was appointed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-77" type="surname" value="OUTRAM"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-77" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER OUTRAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Inspector, City</hi>). On March 25th last I received two warrants for the arrest of the defendants—on 26th I saw them at 19, Broad Street Avenue—I said to Leon, "Are you Marcus Leon?"—he said, "Yes"—I said to Blumenthal, "Are you James Blumenthal?"—he said, "Yes"—I was with another officer—I said, "We are police officers, I hold warrants for the arrest of both of you"—I read the warrant—Leon said, "I don't understand this; we do nothing wrong. Who took out the warrants against us?"—I said, "The Public Prosecu
<lb/>tor"—Blumenthal also said, "I do not understand it"—they were taken to the station, where Leon repeated that he did not understand it, and that they had done nothing wrong—I went back to their officer, and took possession of a number of letters and other things I found there, which I handed to Mr. Egerton Grey, the Assistant Official Receiver.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-78" type="surname" value="GREY"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-78" type="given" value="EGERTON SPENCER"/>EGERTON SPENCER GREY</persName> </hi>. I am Assistant Official Receiver at the Bankruptcy Court, Carey Street—I have received a number of papers taken by the last witness from the office of Blumenthal and Co., including the exhibits in this case—I have made them, as well as the circumstances of the case, the subject of special examination—the files of Leon's bank
<lb/>ruptcy have been produced—on the first petition, January 21st, 1873, he paid a dividend of 3d. in the pound, which in mistake in my deposition I put at 2 1/2d., on £140,000; on the second, of July 22nd, 1887, 2d. in the pound on £1,881; on the third, of November 9th, 1888, his liabilities were £511, and assets 5s. 6d.—from that bankruptcy he has never been discharged—I found in the office commission notes with over 300 persons—I have traced the commercial career of some of them—about 140 have either become bankrupt or have made private arrangements with their creditors—I found no books beyond these small
<hi rend="italic">"Where is it?</hi> books—I found two rough balance-sheets, which show a division of profits of two-thirds to Leon and one-third to Blumenthal—the account shows the charge for commission is over £5,000 in this one
<hi rend="italic">"Where is it?"</hi> book (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I found books containing hundreds of newspaper advertise
<lb/>ments from people wanting financial assistance, but mostly for partners—I found correspondence relating to advertisements of Blumenthal and Co., offering financial assistance, and arranging to discount merchants' bills, and so on—also receipts for advertisements amounting to from £30 to £40 a month, 1896, being much bigger in amounts than 1895; papers relating to S. Grant, Limited, registered, I think, in January, 1895—I examined the register—the two directors were Leon and Blumenthal, and S. Grant was the chairman, and subsequently Leon and Blumenthal became liquidators in April, 1895—the members of the company were the names of the wives and daughters and so on of the defendants—Agnew was the first brought into communication with S. Grant, Limited—the earlier agreements were with S. Grant, Limited—there is no trace of the sale of more than six machines by Burckhardt to Agnew—there is a lot of correspondence with Blumenthal and Co., a statement of Agnew's affairs in bankruptcy showing the amount outstanding at the date of his failure to be over £44,500—from the exhibits I find Agnew's payments</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160021"/>
<p>for commission to S. Grant, Limited, and Blumethal and Co., increased from £25, to £200, £300, and up to £1,000, on 3rd December, 1896—the correspondence included the names of Agnew, Cliff, Burden, F. Barnett, Thrutchley Bros., and others—Agnew is financed to the extent of £20,000—the Mineral Estates Corporation, which went into liquida
<lb/>tion, had transactions with Blumenthal and Co. to the amount of £130,000 in bills—Blumenthal was an undischarged bankrupt—Agnew banked at the Clydesdale Bank—Mr. Thompson was their agent at Wishaw.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I could not say if all the commissions in the
<hi rend="italic">"Where is it?"</hi> book have been paid—the book is dated June 15th, 1896, and marked "M. L."—only a few of them are dated—I cannot give you the next in order of date—I have one dated March, 1896, marked "J. B." and another of June, 1896—I produce a receipt book with counterfoils—they are mostly for introductions—I have not calculated whether £4,473 would approximately represent the receipts for the introductions from June, 1896, to March, 1897—I find only part of them here.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It is difficult to put the exact value of accommodation bills brought into existence through Blumenthal and Co., but it cannot be less than two or three millions since 1892; in the cases I have inves
<lb/>tigated it came to over half a million, and these are only six out of 600.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Leon was permitted, with the consent of his Counsel, to read a statement alleging that misfortune had been the reason of hit failure, but he wished to exonerate his son-in-law (Blumenthal) from all blame, and concluded, "I can explain the documents your Lordship has in your possession."</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-368-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-368-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-368-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was stated to have been convicted as Marcus Schuman in Hamburg in</hi> 1886
<hi rend="italic">and sentenced to nine months;</hi>
<hi rend="italic">he subsequently changed his name to Leon. Upon second count (obtaining by false pretences</hi> £225
<hi rend="italic">from Parr's Bank, Limited)—
<rs id="t18980516-368-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-368-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-368-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-368-18980516 t18980516-368-punishment-12"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs>, and on the fourth count (obtaining by false pretences from the National Bank, Limited</hi>, £243 11s.)—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-368-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-368-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-368-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-368-18980516 t18980516-368-punishment-13"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BLUMENTHAL</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Second Count:
<rs id="t18980516-368-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-368-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-368-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-368-18980516 t18980516-368-punishment-14"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude</rs>; Fourth Count.
<rs id="t18980516-368-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-368-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-368-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-368-18980516 t18980516-368-punishment-15"/>Two Years' Penal Servitude</rs>. The sentences to be consecutive.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-79">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-79" type="surname" value="BURKHARDT"/>BURCKHARDT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">see March Sessions Paper</hi>).—To be bound ever in the sum of £50
<hi rend="italic">to come up for judgment if called upon</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-369">
<interp inst="t18980516-369" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-369" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-369-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-369-18980516 t18980516-369-offence-1 t18980516-369-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-369-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-369-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-369-18980516" type="surname" value="FREETHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-369-18980516" type="given" value="EMANUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMANUEL FREETHY</hi> </persName>, For
<rs id="t18980516-369-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-369-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-369-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>wilful and corrupt perjury in an affidavit sworn before a commissioner for oaths.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MARSHALL HALL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUY STEPHENSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-81" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-81" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-81" type="given" value="HENHY JOHN"/>HENHY JOHN HAYNES</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor and commissioner for oaths, with offices at 5, West Street, Finsbury—I swore E. Freethy to this affidavit, and the truth of the matters contained in it on March 7th last.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I do not know your writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I do not know whether the prisoner is the man—this affidavit was sworn before me by somebody purporting to bear that name.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-82" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-82" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY READ</persName> </hi>. I am deputy clerk to the Central Criminal Court—I produce order made by Mr. Justice Phillimore in chambers, dated January 17th, 1898—it gives permission to the applicant to prefer a bill of indict
<lb/>ment for perjury against William James Farmer, subject to the conditions that Farmer had notice of the order and the affidavit within four days—the procedure is very unusual, and has not occurred for thirty-five years</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160022"/>
<p>so far as I know—the duty of the clerk of the indictments is to require proper proof that the condition of the order has been complied with—this affidavit was brought with the order as it is now—it purports to be signed by "E. Freethy"—it has been filed in accordance with the requirements. of the Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-83" type="surname" value="FARMER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-83" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES FARMER</persName> </hi>. I was called by a Mr. Heywood in a case in—the Mayor's Court—an application was made to prosecute for perjury, which I have heard was refused—I left England on January 7th, 1898, for Madeira, and returned to Southampton on 29th—I was at my office in the course of that day—I am a Brazilian merchant, carrying on business at Eastcheap—I was not served with this notice—on February 1st I was served by the prisoner with a writ in connection with a charge of con
<lb/>spiracy, arising out of proceedings in the Mayor's Court—when I came back to England my clerk (Robert Kennard) showed me some papers served upon him in my absence—on April 4th Freethy called to serve me with a subpoena in some bankruptcy proceedings—that was after a conversation with a Mr. Coton—Freethy said, "I served you with some papers," referring to a Judge's order and five affidavits—I said, "No," and that I was not in England—he said, "I served some one"—I said, "You gave the papers to Kennard"—he said, "I did not see that gentleman"—I called Kennard forward, and he said, "I see how it is. You keep away and keep a man to impersonate you"—I had instructed my clerk to take notes of what passed, and he was engaged in that operation—Kennard identified Freethy as the man who had served him in January.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I never saw you that I know of till you served me with a writ—there is a lobby and a light in the room beyond it—that is the entrance to my clerk's office—I was served with a writ in my private-office, which is the lightest of three rooms.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-84" type="surname" value="KENNARD"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-84" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT KENNARD</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Farmer—on January 20th, just before 2 p.m., Freethy called—I was sitting in the inner office conducting, affairs when he walked in—he must have lifted the flap—he said, "Is Mr. Farmer in?"—I replied "No"—he said, "Will he be in to-day?"—I said, "No"—he said, "Will he be in this week?"—I said, "No"—then he said, "Will he be in within a reasonable time, within 200 years?"—I said, "Don't talk nonsense. What do you want?"—he said, "I come by order of the High Court of Justice, and I am not to be played with," and he gave me a letter from Mr. Budden, a solicitor, showing me an order and five documents—the letter is: "My clerk will serve you with copy of order of Mr. Justice Phillimore and documents," etc.—he gave me those documents, and, turning to go, said, "I shall make an affidavit that you said "you are Mr. Farmer"—I was absolutely astounded, and said, "Well, if you do so, you will be committing perjury; he is not here, and he is not in this country"—he said, "Well, I shall make the affidavit that you did say so"—I went to lunch, and then to Mr. Farmer's solicitor—I was present on February 1st when Freethy served Mr. Farmer with a writ in the inner office—also on April 4th, when, at Mr. Farmer's request, I took notes of what was said in the lobby.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The portion of the accused's statement before the Magistrate relied on by the prosecution was:</hi> "It was nearly five o'clock, getting dusk, and my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160023"/>
<p>eye-sight was bad. I saw a gentleman sitting at a desk in an arm-chair. I said, 'Mr. Farmer?' He said, "Yes; what! more papers?' I gave them to him, and had no conversation, and left. The first time I ever knew I had not served Mr. Farmer personally was when Mr. Coton informed me of it about March 16th."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The defence was that he was the victim of impersonation, and that he believed he had effected service of the notice.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-369-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-369-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-369-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-370">
<interp inst="t18980516-370" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-370" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-370-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-370-18980516 t18980516-370-offence-1 t18980516-370-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-370-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-370-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-370-18980516" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-370-18980516" type="surname" value="HUND"/>
<interp inst="def1-370-18980516" type="given" value="OTTO"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OTTO HUND</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-370-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-370-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-370-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Embezzling a bill of exchange for £69 13s., the property of
<persName id="t18980516-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-86" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-370-offence-1 t18980516-name-86"/>Suren, Hartmann, and Co</persName>., his masters. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts for similar offences.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-87" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-87" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>MR. ARTHUR GILL</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OLIVER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner withdrew his plea and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-370-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-370-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-370-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment for similar offences. It was stated that the prisoner had brought a considerable amount of business to his employers, and was paying bad debts which he had made, out of their moneys, but the knowledge of this was denied by the firm's cashier.—
<rs id="t18980516-370-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-370-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-370-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-370-18980516 t18980516-370-punishment-16"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-371">
<interp inst="t18980516-371" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-371" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-371-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-371-18980516 t18980516-371-offence-1 t18980516-371-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-371-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-371-18980516 t18980516-371-offence-2 t18980516-371-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-371-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-371-18980516 t18980516-371-offence-2 t18980516-371-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-371-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-371-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-371-18980516" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-371-18980516" type="surname" value="COOMBE"/>
<interp inst="def1-371-18980516" type="given" value="VICTOR DE LA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VICTOR DE LA COOMBE</hi> (40)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-371-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-371-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-371-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18980516-371-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-371-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-371-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18980516-name-89">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-89" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-89" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>Florence Gordon</persName> during the lifetime of his wife</rs>. He was
<hi rend="italic">further</hi> indicted, with
<persName id="def2-371-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-371-18980516" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-371-18980516" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def2-371-18980516" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="def2-371-18980516" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FLORENCE GORDON</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-371-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-371-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-371-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, for conspiracy with other persons to obtain by false pretences from
<persName id="t18980516-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-91" type="surname" value="AUSTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-91" type="given" value="JOSEPH JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-371-offence-2 t18980516-name-91"/>Joseph John Austin</persName> £30.
<hi rend="italic">Other counts</hi> for similar offences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-92" type="surname" value="AUSTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-92" type="given" value="JOSEPH JOHN"/>JOSEPH JOHN AUSTIN</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Mayfield Road, Ponder's End—I am a
<hi rend="italic">chef</hi>—I answered an advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Telegraph</hi> for a manager and caterer for a restaurant, and in consequence of a reply I called at 53, York Street—I saw the male prisoner, who said he was about to open two premises, one in High Street, Bloomsbury, as a restaurant and hotel, and he wanted a manager and caterer—the terms were contained in the letter, and were one-third of the profits—the security required was £30, as he said I should have money pass through my hands, and he would be away from the business; and that he had several other applicants, but he thought I should suit him—I said I wanted time—I afterwards called and paid him £5—I got his receipt—subsequently I got a letter, in consequence of which I called again and paid £25, and got this receipt (
<hi rend="italic">containing the words:</hi> "to be returned on his leaving my service ")—I was to commence duties on March 25th, and to meet him the following Sunday after my payment to view the premises—I was put off through three letters (
<hi rend="italic">One stated:</hi> "My wife is ill in bed";
<hi rend="italic">another, that</hi> "Mother was ill,"
<hi rend="italic">and another from Mrs. Gordon stating that</hi> "Her husband was ill")—I never saw the premises—I replied that I was very sorry, but would endeavour to see Mr. Gordon (Coombe) the following Sunday—I called, but did not see either of the prisoners—I never got any part of my money back—I was never employed by either of the prisoners—when I parted with my money I believed they were starting business, and were going to employ me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COOMBE</hi>. You mentioned about bringing kitchen utensils, but not that that delayed going over the premises—I did not believe you intended to defraud me at the time—I have that belief now.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160024"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-93" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-93" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN JAMES</persName> </hi>. I live at 29, Foley Street—I am a club steward—I answered an advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Telegraph</hi> and in consequence of a reply I went to 53, York Street, I got this reply (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that the Gordons, the prisoners, were about to open two houses, one on March</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th, and they wanted someone to take entire control, and required</hi> £30
<hi rend="italic">security, signed "Leon Gordon" and marked "Important</hi>")—I went to York Street and saw the male prisoner—he said he was about to open the two houses and wanted to know which one I liked—one was in High Street, Blooms bury, the other somewhere in Regent Street—he wanted a manager—there were a great many applications—he said, "What about security?"—I said, "You name £30"—he said, "That is not sufficient. I have seen a man who offered £100, but I do not want so much as that; let us say £50"—I said, "I do not mind, provided I get the berth and it is all right"—he showed me a lease like this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) of 53, High Street—I paid £5 and have the receipt—he went upstairs and brought it down signed (
<hi rend="italic">This was for</hi> £5
<hi rend="italic">part of a deposit of</hi> £50)—I was to commence duties on March 15th, when I was to pay the balance—he wanted it then, about March 4th or 5th—I had to go to Leicester—I wrote him that I was obliged to go out of town, but would let him know my whereabouts—I was to see him when I came back, but he was taken to Holloway—I next saw him at the Police-court—the female took no part in the conversation—she appeared to be his wife—he said he had had a restaurant in the Strand and had sold it to his manager, who had been with him eight years, the whole time he had been there, and he promised to take me round and introduce me, but it never came off.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Coombe.</hi> I paid you on the Saturday—my mother died and I wrote you when she was taken ill—I said I should keep the appointment as soon as I could.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-94" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-94" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT HARVEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Clive Street, Leeds—I am an hotel manager—about February 25th I saw an advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Tele
<lb/>graph</hi>—I wrote to the address, 53, Montague Street—I received this reply written in a female hand—(
<hi rend="italic">Stating that the husband, who had been called away, was about to open two small hotels or restaurants, and required</hi> a
<hi rend="italic">manager and caterer; he would require cash security of</hi> £50;
<hi rend="italic">he would have a third share of the profits, which would realise about</hi> £40
<hi rend="italic">a week, and that the services would commence on March</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>)—I next received two letters making an appointment at Euston-station, and undertaking to pay my fare and expenses—I came up to Euston and waited—no one came—I went to the house—I saw the female—she said her husband had met with an accident the night before in the Strand, and was then in Guy's Hospital—she said I should suit, and asked about the security—I said that was all right, but I would like to see the premises—she said she was upset about her husband having been run over, and could not go into it, but it was 41, High Street, Bloomsbury, and she would send me the particulars—the next day I went, and asked her why she had not sent them, and for my fare and expenses—she said through her husband not being able to get out of the hospital she had not any money—I said it was not the correct thing, and she should have let me know at the time—she gave me half-a sovereign—I wrote again asking about the engagement and for more particulars—I did not get any answer—I consulted a solicitor.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160025"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-95" type="surname" value="LIFETREE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-95" type="given" value="EMIL"/>EMIL LIFETREE</persName> </hi>. I live at 68, Fallbridge Road, West Hampstead—I am landlord of 43, High Street, Bloomsbury—the male prisoner came to our office in the name of Gordon, and said he wanted the house as a private hotel—I asked for references, and said the rent was £200—he wrote on this paper "E. G. Watkins, V. de Is Coombe and Thomas Tiley"—I wrote to the three addresses, and received replies one from "Florence de la Coombe"—I acted upon them by giving my solicitor instructions to prepare this agreement, which is stamped and signed by me—it gives the option of a fourteen years' lease at £200 and £250 per annum—Mr. Watkins, in his letter, suggested the joining of Mrs. Gordon in the agreement—I mentioned it to the male prisoner, and he agreed—he never took possession no rent was paid—the premises have not been opened by him—I believed the three references were genuine when I caused that agreement to be handed over.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-96" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-96" type="given" value="EDWIN GROVER"/>EDWIN GROVER WATKINS</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor practising at 6, South Square, Gray's Inn—De is Coombe was introduced to me by a client of mine towards the close of December last—I saw Coombe first with reference to 69, High Holborn—I gave him advice, in consequence of which the keys were returned and he ceased to have anything further to do with them—about December 24th Coombe said he was thinking of taking other premises as a restaurant, and that he intended to use the name of Gordon, as it was well known in London and a good name for reference—I received an application for a reference—I said, before I answered the letter, he must state what his means were—he said his wife was entitled to money under a will, and he would bring the will to show me—he brought me an official copy from Somerset House—it contained a legacy of £250 to Mrs. Storey—he said there was some difficulty in getting the money through there being other beneficiaries—I suggested she should join in the lease—then I wrote saying I had no hesitation in recommending him—I received £15 from the prisoners—out of that I paid the costs of the lease, £11 10s., and kept the balance—I gave a similar reference to Robins, Snell and Gore—the business went off; the female stating they could not come to terms, although they had offered to pay £500 down—I also gave a reference to Mr. Garnett—I gave those references, believing the prisoners' statements, and that they were in a position to pay the rent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-97" type="surname" value="TILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-97" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS TILEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 114, Cloudesley Road, Islington—I am a wine buyer—about five years ago I became acquainted with the prisoners as Mr. and Mrs. De la Coombe—I have no knowledge of these two letters—the other two are mine—(Four references)—I afterwards found out they had the names of Neville, Gordon, and Lee—I sent one reference to Mr. Neville because Coombe asked me—I did not think it curious, because they had other names.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-98" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-98" type="given" value="GEORGE CECIL"/>GEORGE CECIL STONE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk of Robins, Snell and Gore, 205, Wardour Street—they are agents for 41 and 42, High Street, Blooms
<lb/>bury—about Christmas Coombe called and asked for particulars as to No. 41—I gave him an order to view the premises—he came back and made an offer, giving me the name of Leon Gordon, and an address in York Street, Baker Street—he said he had lately returned from Paris—he said he wanted to open the premises as a restaurant—he offered</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160026"/>
<p>£350 per annum—he preferred a yearly agreement, but if not he would take a lease—he referred me, and I wrote to Watkins, Tiley, and De la Coombe—I received these replies—the owners refused the offer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-99" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-99" type="surname" value="WOODMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-99" type="given" value="SUSANNA"/>SUSANNA WOODMAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 6, Crompton Street, Paddington—last October the male prisoner took a furnished room at 6s. 6d. a week—he gave the name of Victor de la Coombe—he said his wife was staying at Margate—some days afterwards the female prisoner joined him—they lived there from October to Christmas, 1897, as De la Coombe—they did no work.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-100" type="surname" value="GOBELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-100" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE GOBELL</persName> </hi>. I am the landlady of 53, York Street, Portland Square—prisoners occupied a room in that house at 6s. 6d. a week from Christmas to March last—the man looked out for business—a good many people called.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-101" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-101" type="surname" value="SHORT"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-101" type="given" value="JULIA ADA"/>JULIA ADA SHORT</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, of 24, Park Street, Gloucester Gate—I keep a confectioner's shop—in November last I took in several letters for the female prisoner in the name of Neville—the police came—from instructions I gave them back to the postman—no one has lived there named Neville.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-102" type="surname" value="DAVIDS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-102" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL DAVIDS</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of S. H. Davids and Co., auctioneers and house agents, of 4, Bigge Street—about October 24th, the male prisoner came and said he wanted a house for a restaurant—he offered £250 on a seven, fourteen, or twenty-one years' lease—he gave his name as Neville, and as a reference Mr. de la Coombe, solicitor, Margate—my solicitor, Mr. Garnett, wrote—the premises were not let—he said he had been recently travelling with his wife on the Continent for pleasure.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-103" type="surname" value="GARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-103" type="given" value="EDWARD WILLIAM"/>EDWARD WILLIAM GARNETT</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, practising at Savoy Mansions, Savoy Street—I act for the mortgagees of 4, Bigge Street, Regent Street—I received a letter from Messrs. Davids, in consequence of which I wrote to the reference, and received this reply from a Mr. de la Coombe (
<hi rend="italic">stating;</hi>"
<hi rend="italic">Re</hi> Mr. Neville, I can with confidence recommend my client,"
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> "We have acted for him for several years"
<hi rend="italic">and written on paper with a printed heading</hi>, "Mr. de la Coombe, Solicitor and Com
<lb/>missioner for Oaths ")—the premises were not let.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-104" type="surname" value="POCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-104" type="given" value="PERCY LIONEL"/>PERCY LIONEL POCOCK</persName> </hi>. I am a commercial traveller, of 13, Hurling
<lb/>ham Road, Fulham—I saw the male prisoner write this signature, "Victor de la Coombe"—I saw the female prisoner write this signature, "Florence de la Coombe"—these exhibits are in one or other of the prisoners' writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-105" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-105" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-105" type="given" value="ELLEN KATE"/>ELLEN KATE SMITH</persName> </hi>. The male prisoner married my sister at the British Embassy in Paris in June, 1881—she is still alive—he gave the name of Victor Securable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-106" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-106" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PEARCE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, H</hi>). About ten a.m. on March 10th I saw the male prisoner in York Street, Portman Square—another officer and I took him into custody—he was brought to the station and charged with frauds on the prosecutors—we addressed him as Mr. Gordon—I said, "I believe you to be Victor de la Coombe; I have a warrant for your arrest"—he said, "You have made a mistake. I do not know what you mean."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-107" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-107" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector, H</hi>). On April 13th I saw the female prisoner at Islington—I told her I was a police officer, and had a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160027"/>
<p>warrant for her arrest—she said, "All right"—on the way to the station she said, "My name is not Florence Gordon. My proper name is Storey. Victor de la Coombe is not my husband, but I have been living with him a long time. Watkins, my solicitor, will have to get me out of this, or I shall put him in it. He has never seen me in his life yet. He gave a reference to Lifetree. I gave him three £5 notes for doing it. Tiley knows something about it. The letters were written by me, but I wrote them back-handed"—she handed me a cloak-room ticket of Baker Street station—I went there and found a trunk with a number of documents including some of the exhibits—I searched the "Roll of Attorneys" at the Law Society—I found no name of V. de la Coombe on the roll—in the "Law List" I found Maxwell de la Coombe in Dorsetshire, but no one of that name in Margate.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners' statements before the Magistrate were—De la Coombe says:</hi> "I am not guilty of false pretences. I took these premises with the thorough legal intention of opening them as an hotel and restaurant. Therefore, not being always there, I advertised for a manager to take my place, with security, not being able to take possession until March 25th. I was apprehended on March 10th. I could not go in to do business and arrange preparations for opening. My intentions were thoroughly legal and genuine."—
<hi rend="italic">Florence Gordon says:</hi> "I am not guilty of any intent? to defraud."</p>
<hi rend="italic">De la Coombe, in his defence, read a statement to the effect that he had lived unhappily with his wife and had held good situations, but had left her, and made an effort to live with the prisoner by means of the businesses he had attempted to establish.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-371-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-371-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-371-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">They then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at Clerkenwell in June</hi>, 1894,
<hi rend="italic">Coombe in the name of Victor Securable, and Gordon in the name of Florence Securable</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">for keeping a brothel</hi>).
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOMBE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-371-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-371-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-371-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-371-18980516 t18980516-371-punishment-17"/>Eighteen Months Hard Labour</rs>, and concurrent sentences of
<rs id="t18980516-371-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-371-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-371-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-371-18980516 t18980516-371-punishment-18"/>Three Months</rs> for the bigamy and
<rs id="t18980516-371-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-371-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-371-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-371-18980516 t18980516-371-punishment-19"/>Six Months</rs> for the larceny.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GORDON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-371-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-371-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-371-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-371-18980516 t18980516-371-punishment-20"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-372">
<interp inst="t18980516-372" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-372" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-372-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-372-18980516 t18980516-372-offence-1 t18980516-372-verdict-1"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-372-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-372-18980516 t18980516-372-offence-1 t18980516-372-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-372-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-372-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-372-18980516" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-372-18980516" type="surname" value="SHREDNIKI"/>
<interp inst="def1-372-18980516" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACOB SHREDNIKI</hi> (26)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-372-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-372-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-372-18980516" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-372-18980516" type="surname" value="KUMCHER"/>
<interp inst="def2-372-18980516" type="given" value="SIMON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIMON KUMCHER</hi> (22)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-372-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-372-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-372-18980516" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def3-372-18980516" type="surname" value="SILVERMAN"/>
<interp inst="def3-372-18980516" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAURICE SILVERMAN</hi> (26)</persName>,
<persName id="def4-372-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-372-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-372-18980516" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def4-372-18980516" type="surname" value="ANKER"/>
<interp inst="def4-372-18980516" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH ANKER</hi> (38)</persName>, and
<persName id="def5-372-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def5-372-18980516" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="def5-372-18980516" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def5-372-18980516" type="surname" value="FEIRSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="def5-372-18980516" type="given" value="BEILE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BEILE FEIRSTEIN</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-372-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-372-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-372-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="keepingABrothel"/>, Unlawfully conspiring to cause
<persName id="t18980516-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-113" type="surname" value="ROSENBAUM"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-113" type="given" value="FANNY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-372-offence-1 t18980516-name-113"/>Fanny Rosenbaum</persName> to become a common prostitute.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. H. AVORY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-372-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-372-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-372-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-373">
<interp inst="t18980516-373" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-373" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-373-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-373-18980516 t18980516-373-offence-1 t18980516-373-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-373-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-373-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-373-18980516" type="surname" value="SHREDNIKI"/>
<interp inst="def1-373-18980516" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACOB SHREDNIKI</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18980516-373-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-373-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-373-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>for a rape on
<persName id="t18980516-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-115" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-115" type="surname" value="ROSENBAUM"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-115" type="given" value="FANNY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-373-offence-1 t18980516-name-115"/>Fanny Rosenbaum</persName> </rs>, on which no evidence was offered.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-373-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-373-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-373-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-374">
<interp inst="t18980516-374" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-374" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-374-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-374-18980516 t18980516-374-offence-1 t18980516-374-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-374-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-374-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-374-18980516" type="surname" value="KUMCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-374-18980516" type="given" value="SIMON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIMON KUMCHER</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18980516-374-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-374-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-374-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> for a rape on
<persName id="t18980516-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-117" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-117" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-117" type="given" value="TOBA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-374-offence-1 t18980516-name-117"/>Toba Gordon</persName> </rs>, on which no evidence was offered.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-374-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-374-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-374-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-375">
<interp inst="t18980516-375" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-375" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-375-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-375-18980516 t18980516-375-offence-1 t18980516-375-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-375-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-375-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-375-18980516" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-375-18980516" type="surname" value="ORRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-375-18980516" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ORRIS</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-375-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-375-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-375-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18980516-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-119" type="surname" value="RESTALL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-119" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-375-offence-1 t18980516-name-119"/>Charles Restall</persName>, and stealing a watch and a stick, his property.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160028"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KYP</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROUTH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-120" type="surname" value="RESTALL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-120" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES RESTALL</persName> </hi>. I am a carpenter and joiner, of 13, Caledonian Street, King's Cross—on the evening of April 11th I was in the Lord Keith—I called for some refreshment—there was nobody in the bar then, but when I got the refreshment I was hustled by two men—one man is undergoing sentence, and the prisoner is the other—my watch chain was broken by Price (
<hi rend="italic">See April Sessions, page</hi> 445)—I did not want any bother and left the house walking with my stick under my arm—I had not gone far, when I was hit on the head with a stick, and my eye was cut open—I did not loose consciousness directly—the prisoner sat on my legs—the last things I remember is the prisoner wrenching the stick from me and he kicked me—I recognise his face as that of the man I saw in the public-house—I went to the Police-station, and reported the case—I lost my watch and chain and stick, and about 1s. 10d. in cash—when I got up there was not a soul near—I next saw the prisoner on May 6th at John Street-station, and identified him from five other men—I recognised him at once—I now say he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was certain on that night—I don't think I said when I identified him, "I could almost swear to him"—I can swear he is one of the men who was there—he robbed me of my stick—I wear glasses occasionally—my sight is defective—I can read and work without glasses I did not have them on in the public-house, or when the struggle took pace—I had never seen the prisoner before to my knowledge—there was nothing particular by which I could describe him—the only description I could give was that he was much shorter that 5 feet 10 ins., and that he had a small moustache—the struggle did not last more than two or three minutes—I was partially unconscious—there was only the prisoner, and Price and myself—Price was arrested the same night and tried here.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I am short-sighted, and cannot see very well at a distance, but I should not put on my glasses to see anybody close to me—I did not think it necessary to put my glasses on in the public-house—when I said: "I can almost swear to him," I meant with regard to the robbery—I cannot say anything as to the assault—I swear he was there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROUTH</hi>, There were about five people at the inspector's desk—when I identified the prisoner he was standing about two feet from it—I did not say before the Magistrate that he was not placed amongst other men, but put straight into the dock and shown to me—I did not say that I was hardly sure of him—he was not in the dock when I went in—none of the other men resembled him at all—I went to the Royal Free Hospital, and was treated as an out-patient for about ten days—I was unable to go to work—I have now quite recovered.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KYD</hi>. The prisoner was standing behind the inspector's chair—I cannot say what part he took in the assault—I identified him at once as being present.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-121" type="surname" value="ALLCROFT"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-121" type="given" value="CHARLES PERCIVAL"/>CHARLES PERCIVAL ALLCROFT</persName> </hi>. I am a publican, of 7, Durveston Street—on April 11th, about 11 p.m., I was at the top of the street, about twenty yards from my house, going up to the Lord Keith—I saw the prosecutor on the ground, and Price and Orris on top of him rifling</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160029"/>
<p>his pockets—they looked up and saw me, and said: "Here is the governor of the
<hi rend="italic">Jerry"</hi> and one man went through the mews and the prisoner crossed the road behind me; I saw no more of him that night—it is not far from Baker Street—I went for a constable—I knew him well as a customer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot say if I said a word about his coming behind me before to-day—I told the police, but I do not know whether I told the Magistrate—if I did not it slipped my memory—I said at the Police-court that I was looking at their hands and not at their heads—one man was on one side of the prosecutor and one on the other, stooping over, the prosecutor—directly they saw me they decamped—I gave a description to Constable Wheeler—I did not see the description given by the prosecutor—the prisoner was arrested a month after—I did not see any other witness there—I did not cry, "Stop thief!"—I did not arrest him because I knew him so well, and knew his name—I went to the constable—I am not a bigger man than he is, he is about 5 ft. 7 ins. or 8 ins., and I am not 5 ft. 7 ins.—I gave information to the police—I knew his father and his brother and his wife—I had no difficulty in picking him out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-122" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-122" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WHEELER</persName> </hi> (249
<hi rend="italic">D</hi>). I arrested the prisoner on jfcfay 6th at 29, Upper Park Place, Marylebone—I told him I should arrest him for being concerned with Frederick James Price, in custody, for stealing from a man a walking-stick, a watch and chain, and some money, and assaulting him on April 11th—he replied, "I know nothing about it"—I took him to the station—I was present when Restall identified him from five or six other men.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It would not be true to say that he was standing two fret away from the other men, he was mixed up with them; he was placed there for identification—on being arrested he denied having had anything to do with it—I did not hear the prosecutor say, "I can almost swear to him"—he put his glasses on, and said, "That is him"—the other men did not resemble him, they were all differently dressed, brought out of the street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "When I was charged I was not placed among other men. I was placed straight in the clock, and shown to the prosecutor. He said at first he was hardly sure about me. He was half drunk. The constable took him into the yard, and then he said he was almost sure I was the man."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-375-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-375-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-375-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-375-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-375-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-375-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-375-18980516 t18980516-375-punishment-21"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-376">
<interp inst="t18980516-376" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-376" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-376-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-376-18980516 t18980516-376-offence-1 t18980516-376-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-376-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-376-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-376-18980516" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-376-18980516" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-376-18980516" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT JOHNSON</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-376-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-376-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-376-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18980516-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-124" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-124" type="given" value="MICHAEL JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-376-offence-1 t18980516-name-124"/>Michael John Adams</persName>, and stealing from him a chain and match-box, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-125" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-125" type="given" value="MICHAEL JOHN"/>MICHAEL JOHN ADAMS</persName> </hi>. I am staying at present at Stockwell Park Road—on April 21st I was a little the worse for drink—early in that morning I was in the Euston Road—Kate Watson was with me—a man suddenly made a snatch at my chain—I don't know who it was—I found my hand was cut—I buttoned up my coat, and had hardly recovered when the prisoner rushed across from the other side of the road and cried out, "Who has got it" and tried to put his hand inside my waistcoat—I held.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160030"/>
<p>him, and he kicked me on the shin, and we fell, and I fell on him—I still held him—the police came up—he did not get away—I went to the station—I missed my chain and a silver match box—the bar of the chain has been picked up since.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This occurred about one o'clock—I cannot say if it was close upon two—I had been to a place of entertainment—I was not more than slightly the worse for drink, not much the worse—a man I cannot recognise snatched at my chain—the prisoner came up and seized me by the throat—I am sure it was the prisoner, I have always been positive—I said next morning, "I believe Johnson is the man who seized me by the collar and threw me down"—swearing and believing are much the same—I swear he is the man—I had never seen him before—I kept him till the policeman came—we were lying on the ground.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-126" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-126" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE WATSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 12, Nelson's Place, Broad Street, Blooms
<lb/>bury, and am the wife of John Watson—on the night of April 21st I was in the Euston Road with the prosecutor—there were six men, and one in a light coat took the gentleman by the throat and said, "You are the one I want"—he gave me a blow on the right side of my head and took a ring off my finger—my little girl screamed out, "Mamma, are you hurt?"—the police came up—I cannot say if the prisoner was one of the men.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was between one and two—I was walking by the side of the prosecutor—there were several men there, they ran off after—when the police came up there was a man there with a crutch named. Greary, who was charged, and then the prisoner was charged.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I cannot say how long I had been in Adams' company—he was sober—we had been to a music-hall—we left when it closed, about twelve o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-127" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-127" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CLARKE</persName> </hi> (240
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). About 1.40 on the night of April 22nd I was with Saxby in the Euston Road—I heard cries of "Police"—we ran in the direction, and saw Adams and the prisoner and a third man struggling in the road—somebody called out, "Halloa! police!"—they ran away, but left Adams and the prisoner struggling together—I asked Adams what was the matter—something was said, and I followed the prisoner, who had rejoined the other three—I told them that they had stolen a watch-chain, and asked them if they would come to the station with me; they said they would—in Charlton Street the prisoner got behind—he said, "All right, governor, I am only going to make water"—he ran down the passage—I caught him and brought him back—he became very violent; he knocked ray helmet off, and struck me on my face—two of the other men got away—I detained this one—another constable came up and took Greary to the station, and both were charged—I picked up a bar of a chain near where the struggle took place—one of men wore a light brown overcoat; he got away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It would not be true to say that when I got up to the prosecutor they were both lying on the ground, or that I took the prisoner off the prosecutor, or that the prosecutor had still got hold of the prisoner—as I approached they left—the lady came up at the time—she said at the Police-court, "That is not the man who took the chain," and "I don't know which it was, there were so many of them."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160031"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-128" type="surname" value="SAXBY"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SAXBY</persName> </hi> (332 F). On the morning of April 22nd I was with Clarke in Euston Road—I heard cries and we ran in the direction—I saw the prisoner, three other men, and the prosecutor struggling on the foot-way—someone called out, "Halloa, Police!"—three men walked away, leaving the prisoner and the prosecutor struggling together—the prisoner wrenched himself away from the prosecutor, and walked away—I went after him without losing sight of him, and told him that the prosecutor accused him of stealing his chain—he became violent, and the other men got away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were three officers there—Greary was arrested on the way to the station—when we heard the alarm we were twenty or thirty yards off—it was 1.50 a.m.—it would not be correct to say that I picked the prisoner off the prosecutor—I do not know if they saw us, there was nothing to prevent them—Adams had had more drink than was good for him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi> I stopped at a coffee stall, and walked from Seymour Street to the corner of Charlton Street, and there met three men, who asked me the way to Euston. Whilst I was talking to them Greary came up, and I talked to him; a constable came up, and said that a gentleman had been robbed; and asked us to go to the station. Greary said he would go as a witness for me. He came down voluntarily, and they put him in the dock, and charged him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-376-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-376-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-376-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at Marylebone on May</hi> 27th, 1896,
<hi rend="italic">and several other convictions were proved against him.</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-376-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-376-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-376-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-376-18980516 t18980516-376-punishment-22"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18980516-377" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-377" type="date" value="18980516"/>
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<persName id="def1-377-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-377-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-377-18980516" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-377-18980516" type="surname" value="CHILLERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-377-18980516" type="given" value="OSCAK JOHN GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OSCAK JOHN GEORGE CHILLERS</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-377-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-377-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-377-18980516" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-377-18980516" type="surname" value="FELDMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-377-18980516" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH FELDMAN</hi> (21),</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-377-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-377-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-377-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> Forging and uttering an order for £45 with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RAVEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The Common Serjeant considered that there was no case to go to the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-377-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-377-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-377-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-378">
<interp inst="t18980516-378" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-378" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-378-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-378-18980516 t18980516-378-offence-1 t18980516-378-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-378-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-378-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-378-18980516" type="surname" value="CHILVERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-378-18980516" type="given" value="OSCAR JOHN GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OSCAR JOHN GEORGE CHILVERS</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-378-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-378-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-378-18980516" type="surname" value="FELDMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-378-18980516" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH FELDMAN</hi> </persName> were
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted for
<rs id="t18980516-378-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-378-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-378-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining a bracelet from
<persName id="t18980516-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-133" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-133" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-378-offence-1 t18980516-name-133"/>Samuel Smith</persName> by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RAVEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-378-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-378-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-378-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-379">
<interp inst="t18980516-379" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-379" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-379-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-379-18980516 t18980516-379-offence-1 t18980516-379-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-379-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-379-18980516 t18980516-379-offence-1 t18980516-379-verdict-3"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-379-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-379-18980516 t18980516-379-offence-1 t18980516-379-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-379-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-379-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-379-18980516" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-379-18980516" type="surname" value="BONNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-379-18980516" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK BONNER</hi> (41)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-379-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-379-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-379-18980516" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-379-18980516" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="def2-379-18980516" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HUNT</hi> (29)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-379-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-379-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-379-18980516" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def3-379-18980516" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def3-379-18980516" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SMITH</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-379-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-379-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-379-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18980516-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-137" type="surname" value="LOUISAN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-137" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-379-offence-1 t18980516-name-137"/>George Louisan</persName>, and stealing a kettle and other articles, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-138" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-138" type="surname" value="LOUISAN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-138" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE LOUISAN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George Louisan, of 53, Grosvenor Road, Lewisham—we both came home on the night of April 17th, and saw that the landing window and the doors were shut, and fastened in the ordinary way—next morning a communication was made to me, and I found the landing window wide open—we sent for the police—we missed various silver stands and knives and forks, and this kettle (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the value of all the property was about £7 15s.—the house was entered by the land
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160032"/>
<p>window, they had to pull the top down—they got on to the out-house first—these are the only things we have recovered yet.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-139" type="surname" value="FANCOURT"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-139" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FANCOURT</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher, of 27, Essex Road—I was in the Meat Market—Bonner is a licensed porter there—in April I had some conversation with him about this prosecution, and on April 22nd I went to his house in Bloomfield Street, Kingsland Road—I saw him and Smith, who I had seen once before—I went again in the evening—Hunt and Smith were there, Bonner was not—Smith said they had some stuff—they showed me some knives, forks, spoons, and other articles—they asked me if I knew a man who would buy them—they did not say where they got them—I thought Smith was a dealer—I went to a public-house in the Euston Road with him to see a friend of mine—we showed him the things, we took them with us—he would not buy them—we asked £2 for the lot—the next day I took the kettle to the Meat Market—I sold it to a man, whose name I don't know, for 7s. 6d., and 6d. for a chain of my own—I went back to Bonner's and saw all three prisoners—I went upstairs—Bonner was in bed, and I gave him the money—he asked me if I had sold the kettle, and I said "Yes"—the others were listening—Bonner handed the money to Smith—there were also five dessert spoons, a fish-server, two dessert-forks, three butter-knives, a jam-spoon, egg-spoons, three napkin-rings, two salt-spoons, one tea-spoon, and two pickle-forks—those were not sold for 8s., only the kettle.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Bonner.</hi> I gave you the money—you came down in the morning to see if I had sold the things—you sometimes came to me in the Meat Market—you have worked for me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I have worked with him on several occasions—he has a wife and family of three.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Smith.</hi> You went with me to Euston Road to sell the stuff—I am not telling a lie—the property was not found in my house—Iwas convicted four years ago for getting into bad company.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-140" type="surname" value="JEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-140" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES JEWELL</persName> </hi>. I am a dealer, of 31. Cornwallis Road, Waltham
<lb/>stow—I have got six stalls in Farringdon Road—on April 10th I found on one of my stalls these six knives and two forks—they had been left with one of my men—when I came back about an hour after, Hunt came and claimed them—he asked me to give him 5s. for them—I said they were not worth that to me—I offered him 3s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-141" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-141" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER ROBERTS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, J</hi>). On May 8th at one a.m. I went to 88, Bloomsbury Street—I saw Hunt, and told him he would be charged with stealing this property—he said, "I did not take them"—at his house he said, "You dirty
<hi rend="italic">tyke</hi>, what have you worked up for me? this man you first took can tell you all about them if he likes."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Hunt.</hi> You did not tell me that you knew nothing about the crime—you did not say that I had been watching the place for weeks and weeks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Smith</hi> You said you were not guilty of this.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-142" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-142" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK ALLEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, J</hi>). I arrested Smith on another charge—I formally charged him with this one—he said nothing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-143" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-143" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KEMP</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Serjeant, J</hi>). I arrested Bonner at twelve p.m. on May 7th, on another charge, and on May 9th I charged him with this offence—he said, "I assume I have done wrong by having him in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160033"/>
<p>my house"—I said, "Who?"—he said "Smith, he shared part of my bed"—he said he had not committed any burglary, and he had done wrong in attempting to get rid of the property for him—that property was the watch and chain—he did not mention the rest of the property.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Hunt's defence:</hi> I have only seen the property once, and that was when it was brought into the place. From then till now I have not seen it. I was living at Bonner's place two nights when this happened and how it was got I don't know. I was charged with being concerned. I don't know anything about it. I did not know that it was sold.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Smith produced a written defence, stating that he had never seen the "stuff" in his life before, and had not asked Fancourt to set it, and that there was a plan between Roberts and Fancourt to get him locked up again. Jonner produced a written defence, stating that Hunt recommended Smith to him, and lie had agreed to let him stay at his place; but he did not know what he really was or he would not have had him, he thought he was a glass blower. That on May 5th he (Smith) gave Bonner a watch and chain, Bonner asked him where fie got it, but he said, "Never mind; sell it for yourself" that he also gave him a pair of bracelets, which he told for</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and the watch and chain for</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">that on May 7th the police arrested Smith and told Bonner what Smith was, when he (Bonner) gave the police all the help he could, and went to the station with a detective, and was there told he would be charged with being in unlawful possession of the watch and chain; that he was a dupe of Smith, and did not know that the things had been stolen.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BONNER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-379-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-379-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-379-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>**—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-379-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-379-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-379-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-379-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-379-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-379-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-379-18980516 t18980516-379-punishment-23"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-379-18980516 t18980516-379-punishment-23"/>Fifteen Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUNT</hi>**—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-379-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-379-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-379-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-379-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-379-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-379-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-379-18980516 t18980516-379-punishment-24"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-380">
<interp inst="t18980516-380" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-380" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-380-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-380-18980516 t18980516-380-offence-1 t18980516-380-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-380-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-380-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-380-18980516" type="surname" value="BONNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-380-18980516" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK BONNER</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18980516-380-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-380-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-380-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>for entering and breaking the house of
<persName id="t18980516-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-145" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-145" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-380-offence-1 t18980516-name-145"/>Joseph Cohen</persName> and stealing two bracelets and a watch and chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-146" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-146" type="given" value="JULIA"/>JULIA COHEN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Joseph Cohen, of 18, Sandringham Road—on May 4th I found the house had been broken into—I missed a watch and chain and two bracelets, value 30s.—the watch and chain have not been found.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-147" type="surname" value="FANCOURT"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-147" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FANCOURT</persName> </hi>. I live at 22, Essex Road—on May 5th Bonner gave me these two bracelets and this watch (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I sold the watch for six shillings—I gave Bonner the money next morning—the bracelets I took home, I thought they were his property—he did not say where he got them—I got them on May 1st or 2nd; I said in my deposition the 5th, I correct that now.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I sold the watch and chain for six shillings for you—the bracelets you gave me for myself.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-148" type="surname" value="MANAKLBON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-148" type="given" value="MAX"/>MAX MANAKLBON</persName> </hi>. I am a cabinet maker, of 65, Richmond Road, Dais ton, about half a mile from Sandringham Road—on May 5th I found my house had been broken into—I missed a watch and chain worth 15s.—they got in through the back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-149" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-149" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KEMP</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Serjeant, J.</hi>) On May 14th I charged the prisoner with these two robberies—he said, "I told you before I have done wrong</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160034"/>
<p>in having the man (
<hi rend="italic">Smith</hi>) in my house"—he said he had done wrong in trying to get rid of the property, and that the bracelets were given him with the watch by Smith, and that he sold them for him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said you received them from Smith, and that you sold them for him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-380-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-380-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-380-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-381">
<interp inst="t18980516-381" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-381" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-381-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-381-18980516 t18980516-381-offence-1 t18980516-381-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-381-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-381-18980516 t18980516-381-offence-2 t18980516-381-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-381-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-381-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-381-18980516" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="def1-381-18980516" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HUNT</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted with
<persName id="def2-381-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-381-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-381-18980516" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-381-18980516" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-381-18980516" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES EDWARD WILSON</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-381-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-381-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-381-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, For burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18980516-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-152" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-152" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-381-offence-1 t18980516-name-152"/>Arthur Lawrence</persName>, and stealing two bicycles, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence against Wilson.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-381-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-381-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-381-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">For the case of J. W. Sands, tried this day, see Kent cases.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-382">
<interp inst="t18980516-382" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-382" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-382-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-382-18980516 t18980516-382-offence-1 t18980516-382-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-382-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-382-18980516 t18980516-382-offence-1 t18980516-382-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-382-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-382-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-382-18980516" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-382-18980516" type="surname" value="BALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-382-18980516" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL BALL</hi> (22)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-382-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-382-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-382-18980516" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def2-382-18980516" type="surname" value="WADMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-382-18980516" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WADMAN</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-382-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-382-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-382-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, Steal
<lb/>ing a gelding, a cart, and a set of harness, the property of
<persName id="t18980516-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-155" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-155" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-382-offence-1 t18980516-name-155"/>James Phillips</persName> </rs>, to which</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WADMAN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-382-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-382-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-382-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. R. A. SMITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-156" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-156" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>. I am a fishmonger, of 14, Park Road, Leytonstone—on Saturday morning, April 14th, I left my pony and cart outride the Custom House with a whip, and five sacks and three boxes of herrings in it—one man has 100 or 150 carts to look after—I was away a quarter of an hour, and when I came back my horse and cart were gone—I next saw it at Rotherhithe Police-station—the sacks and whip were there, but no herrings—I know the prisoner; I saw him that night in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-157" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-157" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ABTHUR ROBERTS</persName> </hi> (248
<hi rend="italic">M</hi>). On April 28th I was on duty in Rotherhithe at 1.30, and saw the prisoners in a cart—Ball was driving it furiously—I tried to stop him, but could not—I afterwards saw the pony and cart out-side Rotherhithe Station, and found that it had been stolen—I saw Ball at 5.30 at the Red Lion, and said that I should arrest him for being with another man, and stealing a horse and cart from the City—he said, "May I be paralysed,
<hi rend="italic">Jim</hi>, I know nothing about it"—he knew me—he said, "I met a man in Rotherhithe Street, he asked me to have a ride, I got up in the cart, he said he had three boxes, and was going over to Deptford to see whether he could get the horse and cart
<hi rend="italic">in</hi>"—meaning to sell it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Ball.</hi> It was you two prisoners who I saw in the cart, not your brother and Wadman—your brother is not like Wadman—I should not be likely to mistake them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There was a name and address on the cart—I do not know whether the prisoners can read—Ball had been drinking.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-158" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-158" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS READ</persName> </hi> (413
<hi rend="italic">M</hi>). On the afternoon of April 23rd I saw Wadman driving a cart in Lower Road, Rotherhithe—he collided with a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160035"/>
<p>milk-cart—he was drunk—Ball was not there—I took Wadman into custody—he resisted very much—he was charged with stealing the horse and cart, and the prosecutor identified them—Wadman was handed over to the City Police.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Ball's defence:</hi> It was my brother and I who were in this cart for some time. We did not know it was stolen. I saw this man coming over the bridge between eleven and twelve o'clock. He said, "Will you come for a ride?" I had nothing to do, and went with him, and my brother got in with me. The man got out, and said that we could have the cart for the day, and go out. I said that we had better go up and ask what he paid for it. My brother came down and said that he was asleep. I went up, but could make nothing out of him. We took the cart to the City Road. I said, "You had better go and ask him again. "I went up and shook him, but could not make him answer. Presently he got up and said, "What is the matter? I will take the thing back. "He gave us a drink and said, "Are you going to take it away?" I said, No" He said, "I suppose I can do the same with it as I did with the fish."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Ball.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-159" type="surname" value="WADMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-159" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WADMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>). I have pleaded guilty to stealing this cart—it was outside a public-house unattended—I got into it and drove away—I do not know what I was going to do with it, I was in drink—Ball is perfectly innocent—if I had had any intention of stealing the cart I should not have driven round home, where I was known—I do not know anything about the fish, I saw nothing when I got into the cart.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BALL</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-382-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-382-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-382-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WADMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-382-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-382-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-382-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-382-18980516 t18980516-382-punishment-25"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-383">
<interp inst="t18980516-383" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-383" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-383-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-383-18980516 t18980516-383-offence-1 t18980516-383-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-383-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-383-18980516 t18980516-383-offence-1 t18980516-383-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-383-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-383-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-383-18980516" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-383-18980516" type="surname" value="BRYAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-383-18980516" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BRYAN</hi> (26)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-383-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-383-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-383-18980516" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-383-18980516" type="surname" value="STANTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-383-18980516" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES STANTON</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-383-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-383-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-383-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18980516-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-162" type="surname" value="CHAFFERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-162" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-383-offence-1 t18980516-name-162"/>John Chafferton</persName> and stealing a whistle and a chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KERSHAW</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COHEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Bryan, and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi> for
<hi rend="italic">Stanton.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">By the advice of their Counsel the prisoners stated that they were</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18980516-383-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-383-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-383-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of robbery without violence.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of robbery only.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STANTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-383-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-383-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-383-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a con
<lb/>viction at Clerkenwell in January</hi>, 1891;
<hi rend="italic">three other convictions were proved against him and two against</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRYAN</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-383-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-383-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-383-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-383-18980516 t18980516-383-punishment-26"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-383-18980516 t18980516-383-punishment-26"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-384">
<interp inst="t18980516-384" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-384" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-384-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-384-18980516 t18980516-384-offence-1 t18980516-384-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-384-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-384-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-384-18980516" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-384-18980516" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-384-18980516" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WOOD</hi> (18)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-384-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-384-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-384-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18980516-384-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-384-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-384-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>stealing bag and £69 11s. 9d., the property of
<persName id="t18980516-name-164" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-164" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-164" type="surname" value="BRAWN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-164" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-384-offence-1 t18980516-name-164"/>Frances Brawn</persName> from her person.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-385">
<interp inst="t18980516-385" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-385" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-385-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-385-18980516 t18980516-385-offence-1 t18980516-385-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-385-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-385-18980516 t18980516-385-offence-2 t18980516-385-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-385-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-385-18980516 t18980516-385-offence-2 t18980516-385-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-385-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-385-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-385-18980516" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-385-18980516" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WOOD</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted with
<persName id="def2-385-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-385-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-385-18980516" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-385-18980516" type="surname" value="BURKETT"/>
<interp inst="def2-385-18980516" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BURKETT</hi> (17)</persName> and
<persName id="def3-385-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-385-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-385-18980516" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def3-385-18980516" type="surname" value="CLAPP"/>
<interp inst="def3-385-18980516" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CLAPP</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-385-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-385-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-385-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, for robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18980516-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-168" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-168" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-385-offence-1 t18980516-name-168"/>John Bishop</persName>, and stealing a chain and locket, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-169" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-169" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BISHOP</persName> </hi>. I am a bootmaker, of Lancaster Road, Enfield—on April 29th, about 2.20 p.m., I was with my wife in the Hackney Road, near the corner of Diss Street—the three prisoners came round me, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160036"/>
<p>Clapp snatched at my watch chain; he got a portion of it, and a spade guinea—I have not recovered them—they were worth £5—I went after him, and the other two followed me, and when I got to the end of the street they tripped me, and Burkett gave me a tremendous blow on my eye—I did not fall, I recovered myself and saw a constable—the prisoners were then out of sight—I saw Wood next day at the Police court with six or seven others and picked him out—I saw the other two on the following Monday mixed with other people, and picked them both out—it was a severe blow, I could not see for three days, and had to go to a doctor, and it is very weak now—I am certain about Wood, and I still think the same about the others.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-170" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-170" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL NEALE</persName> </hi> (213
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On April 29th I was in Hackney Road, near Diss Street, and saw the three prisoners running together and a crowd following them—I ran towards them—Burkett and Clapp turned back and ran together—that was about twenty yards from where the prose
<lb/>cutor was knocked down—I followed Wood, but lost him—I knew him by sight, and the other two also—I saw them together on the 3rd, about 5.30 p.m., at Commercial Street Buildings, with seven or eight others, and picked them out without hesitation—when I saw them they were running towards me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-171" type="surname" value="TILLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-171" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM TILLEY</persName> </hi> (433
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On April 29th, about 1.45, I was in Hackney Road, about ten yards from Diss Street, and saw the three prisoners, with several others, forming one party—they passed out of sight, and I heard that night that there had been a robbery.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wood.</hi> I knew you before, and I recognised you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-172" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-172" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SMART</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H</hi>). I arrested Burkett on a description, on May 3rd—I told him it was on suspicion of assaulting and robbing a gentleman in Hackney Road on the 23rd—he said, "Don't make a mis
<lb/>take, Smart"—I was present at the station when Bishop picked him out from seven or eight other men—he did not say then who it was who struck him in the eye.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-173" type="surname" value="BEVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-173" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK BEVIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H</hi>). I saw Wood in Bethnal Green Road, and as he answered the description I had, I told him the charge—he made no reply, but at the station he said, "When was this? I was not out all day yesterday till eight o'clock in the evening"—I also arrested Clapp—he made no reply—I was present when Bishop identified him, and said that he had been struck on the eye, I understood him to say, by Wood.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Wood's defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-174" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-174" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE KELLY</persName> </hi>. I live at Serle Street, Bethnal Green, where Wood lodged with his mother—last Friday fortnight, April 29th, he was in bed all day, he did not get up at all—I saw him in bed about dinner time, and about four o'clock he got out of bed and washed himself under the tap.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I said before the Magistrate that I saw Wood go out about ten minutes to eight that Friday evening—I did not say anything about his being in bed, because I was not asked; I did not know I had to say so much as that—I mean last Friday week—it was on the Friday when he was taken in the evening that I saw him in bed—he went out at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160037"/>
<p>ten minutes to eight—I know the time because I was watching for my husband at the window—I do not know if it is a mistake if a policeman says that he took him up in the street at 7.30—they have two rooms—I am friendly with his mother—it was between one and two that I saw him in bed—I have never been in the room before when he was in bed, and should not have gone in then, but I went in to speak to his mother—I saw him again about four o'clock—what happened, between two and four o'clock I do not know.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-175" type="surname" value="BEVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-175" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK BEVIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The last witness's house is seven or eight minutes' walk from where Bishop was robbed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-176" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-176" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-176" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE WOOD</persName> </hi>. Wood was in bed all day on this day, and did not go out till ten minutes to eight—I did not ask him what he was stopping in bed for—he had no doctor—he does not often stop in bed all day—he went to bed the night before at 10.30—he was not oat at 2.30.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Clapp's defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-177" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-177" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-177" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA BARBER</persName> </hi>. Clapp is my grandson—on Friday, April 29th, about three o'clock he came to my place in Bethnal Green, which is about three-quarters of a mile from Diss Street, and wanted to borrow sixpence, but I had not got it, and offered him twopence or threepence—I made him a cup of tea, and he stayed till 3 or 3.30, when he went to a pawn-shop.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I said at the Police-court that he went to the pawn-shop at three o'clock—he called at 1.25, and I told the Magistrate so—I had to make up my mind about the sixpence, because I rather valued the thing I lent him—he has done that before—he was not gone more than five minutes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Burkett's defence:</hi> I was not there at the time of the robbery.</p>
<rs id="t18980516-385-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-385-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-385-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of robbery only</hi> </rs>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOD</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURKETT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to previous convictions; Wood at Worship Street on July</hi> 19th, 1897,
<hi rend="italic">and Burkett at the Thames Police-court on December</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1896.
<hi rend="italic">Other convictions were proved against them, and one against Clapp.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-385-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-385-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-385-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-385-18980516 t18980516-385-punishment-27"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURKETT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-385-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-385-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-385-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-385-18980516 t18980516-385-punishment-28"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLAPP</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980516-385-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-385-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-385-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-385-18980516 t18980516-385-punishment-29"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-386">
<interp inst="t18980516-386" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-386" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-386-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-386-18980516 t18980516-386-offence-1 t18980516-386-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-386-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-386-18980516 t18980516-386-offence-1 t18980516-386-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-386-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-386-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-386-18980516" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-386-18980516" type="surname" value="DOYLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-386-18980516" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR DOYLE</hi> (30)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-386-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-386-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-386-18980516" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-386-18980516" type="surname" value="VALLIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-386-18980516" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD VALLIS</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-386-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-386-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-386-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Unlawfully committing an act of gross indecency.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-386-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-386-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-386-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, May</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-387">
<interp inst="t18980516-387" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-387" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-387-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-387-18980516 t18980516-387-offence-1 t18980516-387-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-387-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-387-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-387-18980516" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-387-18980516" type="surname" value="STOCKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-387-18980516" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM STOCKS</hi> (27)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980516-387-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-387-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-387-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18980516-387-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-387-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-387-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>maliciously destroying a glass mirror and other articles, value £15</rs>.—
<rs id="t18980516-387-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-387-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-387-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-387-18980516 t18980516-387-punishment-30"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">For the case of James Brill and John McAndrew, tried this day, see Kent cases</hi>).</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160038"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, May</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th, and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, May</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 20
<hi rend="italic">th, and</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980516-388">
<interp inst="t18980516-388" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980516"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-388" type="date" value="18980516"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-388-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-388-18980516 t18980516-388-offence-1 t18980516-388-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-388-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-388-18980516 t18980516-388-offence-1 t18980516-388-verdict-3"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-388-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-388-18980516 t18980516-388-offence-1 t18980516-388-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-388-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-388-18980516 t18980516-388-offence-1 t18980516-388-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-388-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def5-388-18980516 t18980516-388-offence-1 t18980516-388-verdict-4"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-388-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def6-388-18980516 t18980516-388-offence-1 t18980516-388-verdict-5"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980516-388-charge-7" targOrder="Y" targets="def7-388-18980516 t18980516-388-offence-1 t18980516-388-verdict-5"/>
<persName id="def1-388-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-388-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-388-18980516" type="age" value="57"/>
<interp inst="def1-388-18980516" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-388-18980516" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WILKINSON</hi> (57)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-388-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-388-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-388-18980516" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def2-388-18980516" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-388-18980516" type="given" value="ALBERT WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT WILLIAM WILSON</hi> (46)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-388-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-388-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-388-18980516" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def3-388-18980516" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def3-388-18980516" type="given" value="HUGH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUGH WILSON</hi> (17)</persName>,
<persName id="def4-388-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-388-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-388-18980516" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def4-388-18980516" type="surname" value="FIETH"/>
<interp inst="def4-388-18980516" type="given" value="FRANCIS JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS JOSEPH FIETH</hi> (47)</persName>,
<persName id="def5-388-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def5-388-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def5-388-18980516" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def5-388-18980516" type="surname" value="HANIK"/>
<interp inst="def5-388-18980516" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HANIK</hi> (47)</persName>,
<persName id="def6-388-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def6-388-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def6-388-18980516" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def6-388-18980516" type="surname" value="WILKINS"/>
<interp inst="def6-388-18980516" type="given" value="FRANCIS JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS JOSEPH WILKINS</hi> (39)</persName>, and
<persName id="def7-388-18980516" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def7-388-18980516" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def7-388-18980516" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def7-388-18980516" type="surname" value="MAIN"/>
<interp inst="def7-388-18980516" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MAIN</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18980516-388-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980516-388-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-388-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully conspiring to obtain from
<persName id="t18980516-name-188" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-188" type="surname" value="MAXWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-188" type="given" value="HUGH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980516-388-offence-1 t18980516-name-188"/>Hugh Maxwell</persName> and others a quantity of metal boxes and other goods by false pretences.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, for obtaining goods and credit under false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. J. C. MATHEWS, BODKIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PERCIYAL E. CLARKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Main.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-189" type="surname" value="RUSTON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-189" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HKNRY RUSTON</persName> </hi>. I am chief clerk to Mr. Harry Marlow, Excelsior Works, Dudley—I took over the business from Sproston's in August, 1896—I received this letter from the Ty
<lb/>Pan Tea Company, 13, Carysfort Road, Stoke Newington, club caterers, stating that a client wanted a catalogue—I sent a catalogue to G. and A. Dyae—I received this order for twelve bedsteads, giving as a reference R. H. Vosper, 9, Mincing Lane—I wrote to Vosper, from whom I got this reply on paper with a telegraphic address, "Defia, London," that transactions had been entirely satisfactory—I supplied the goods—I received this acknowledgment of September 5th, 1896, and a further order, which I did not execute—I next got a letter pressing us to deliver—I replied that our usual custom on first transactions was to ask for a cheque before sending the goods, but we had made an exception in their case, and asking for a remittance—the answer was Dyas and Co.'s letter, stating that they had given us a reference, and expected usual terms—I never was paid—I never saw the goods again—£11 11s. 2d. was the trade price, including carriage.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wilkins.</hi> We should not send out goods without proper inquiry—in your case we had a reference—upon the faith of Vosper's reference we sent the goods—I had no doubt of its being a genuine transaction till I got no reply to our asking for payment—our terms of discount are five per cent, monthly—the same as Birmingham.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-190" type="surname" value="DAVENPORT"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-190" type="given" value="FREDERICK JOHN"/>FREDERICK JOHN DAVENPORT</persName> </hi>. I am a salesman in the bed and bed-stead department of Crisp and Co., of Seven Sisters Road, grocers and store-keepers—I have been there five years—early in September, 1896, I bought some bedsteads from a design submitted to me by a man I do not recognise—I made the price—he gave the name of Wilson or Hanik—I believe the name was Wilson—I do not think he gave any name—there were two lots—he gave no addres—this is my signature (
<hi rend="italic">Referring to his deposition</hi>)—yes, he gave the name of Dyas and Co.—I bought six bedsteads at three guineas—this is the receipt—the man was paid at the counting house—the goods were delivered into my department, and have since been sold—I believe they were delivered in straw, as they come from the manufacturers—I am first salesman—I took it for granted the man came from a respectable firm—on September 9th I bought six more bedsteads from designs for £4 10s. from the same man—I bought two better bed-steads a long time ago for £7 13s.—I should not know the man again if I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160039"/>
<p>saw him—the "set" mentioned on the invoice means the head, foot, and frame, but no bedding.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wilkins.</hi> They were not damaged, only in transit—nothing was said about their being damaged—we often buy bedsteads on designs—they are paid for through the counting-house—I was buyer
<hi rend="italic">pro. tern.</hi>—they were packed in straw.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-191" type="surname" value="DAINTRY"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-191" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY DAINTRY</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Alkham Road, Stoke Newington—I was a traveller for Rowley and Davies, tea merchants, 27, Mincing Lane—I recognise Wilkins and A. W. Wilson, as G. and A. Dyas, of Carys
<lb/>fort Road—my firm supplied them with tea to the value of about £37—they were not paid to my knowledge—it was in connection with that transaction I met the prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by A. W. Wilson.</hi> I saw you about three times—I did not know Dyas's office—I went to Carysfort Road—I saw you in the passage—at the top of the stairs—I addressed you as Mr. Dyas.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wilkins.</hi> I generally saw you when I called—you had a room up-stairs with a lot of odd canisters knocking about—a dozen or so—very likely 300 or 400—it is a long time ago—perhaps there was a cash-box, and everything appertaining to an office—there were a few wines and spirits, cigars, pickles, and bill files—it had the general appearance of a business place to a certain extent—you told me there was a ware-house—I believed there was—we made inquiries—I have not got the reports—I had a reference—I do not think it was from Vosper—I went to Mincing Lane two or three times—I saw his name on the door.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I saw bedsteads and Ty
<lb/>pan tea—Vesper's name was painted on the left of the bottom door of 9, Mincing Lane—the tea was sold to the Ty-pan Tea Company in September, 1896—this reference of September 2nd helps to fix the date—the weights of cases of tea vary—as a rule they are 112 lbs.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-192" type="surname" value="SWAFFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-192" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SWAFFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am a buyer for Messrs. Crisp—on September 10th, 1896, I bought 300 lbs. of tea from Dyas and Co. through their representative, the prisoner, A. W. Wilson, for £16 5s., or 1s. 1d. per lb. it was retailed at 1s. 6d.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wilkins.</hi> I do not recognise you as the seller—I did not buy several lots—I am the only buyer for that department.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-193" type="surname" value="GOGNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-193" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GOGNEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 57, Gloucester Crescent, Regent's Park—in September, 1896, I was manager of the French Lascila Coffee Company—in October, 1896, I was introduced to Wilkinson—I appointed him commission agent for the company at 10s. a week and 10 per cent, commission—we got orders and the customers paid, but I never received the money—on December 5th I got an order from him from Cook Brothers, 67, Aldersgate Street, in consequence of which I supplied six dozen cases of coffee to the value of £7 9s. 8d.—I was never paid—on January 11th I had an order from him from Hening for six dozen cases, value £5 12s.—I made inquiries about Hening at 4, Hercules Road—I supplied the goods—in January I got an order from C. Main, of Stone Avenue, Loughborough Junction, for six dozen cases, value £5 1s. 5d.—I supplied those—I was never paid—towards the end of January I got an order from F. J. Wilkins, 13, Crutched Briars, for coffee to the value of £6 18s.—on January 20th I wrote</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160040"/>
<p>Wilkinson for information about Wilkins—I wrote again, and stated that I did not deliver the goods as the references were not satisfactory—the next order was from Vosper, on January 26th, for goods value £5 6s.—I made inquiries—I did not supply them—I also declined to supply goods to W. O. Clarke, of 9, Mincing Lane—I discharged Wilkinson about March, 1897—I went twice to Cook Brothers, 67, Aldersgate Street—I could not get in—I saw a paper notice on the door for letters to be put in the box—the office was on the first floor—I wrote to Wilkinson—I considered the account was lost—I had called his attention to it in February.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wilkinson.</hi> No one paid—Adams, Webster and Company paid the first few shillings, because it was cash on delivery—you received money, but I never got a farthing—you sent me about thirty customers—I prosecuted you for embezzlement about twelve month ago—I do not understand why the Magistrate discharged you—there was a contra account.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-194" type="surname" value="SWAFFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-194" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SWAFFIELD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I remember Hanik offering some Lascila coffee—I refused it—I said we had sufficient coffee in stock—I had seen him before, and taught curry powder, bottled fruits, and other things from him—he came as Hanik, an agent—he was paid at the counting-house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Hanik.</hi> I knew you as an agent years ago—always as Hanik.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-195" type="surname" value="CLEVELAND"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-195" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CLEVELAND</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Laurence, pawnbroker, 27, Seven Sisters' Road—on January 1st, 1897, Hanik pledged eleven cases of Lascila coffee in the name of Seyd for £8—he gave his address as 37, Castle Road, Kentish Town—the goods were redeemed by some
<lb/>body else.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Hanik</hi>, I knew you for many years as Seyd.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">here stated that by his advice</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">would</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEAD GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to the conspiracy count.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-196" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-196" type="surname" value="KABSLAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-196" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH KABSLAKE</persName> </hi>. I am married—I have lived at 37, Castle Road, Kentish Town, as tenant since June, 1896—no person named Hanik, Wilson, or Cook has lived there since that time, nor had any business there, nor anything to do with the premises—I do not know any of the prisoners, I have not seen them before—they have not lodged with me, nor had any right to give my address.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Hanik.</hi> Mrs. Blew was the landlady before I went there—she is dead.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-197" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-197" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK VINCENT</persName> </hi>. I am agent for the Great Western Railway, Red-cross Street, City—I know Hanik as Cook Brothers, of 67, Aldersgate Street—I have had consigned to me in his name whiskey, coffee, curry and cheese—I produce their orders for curry powder, a 6 lb. sample of French coffee, and eleven cases of coffee in December, 1896.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-198" type="surname" value="SALAMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-198" type="given" value="EDMUND VINCENT VAUNTELLI"/>EDMUND VINCENT VAUNTELLI SALAMAN</persName> </hi>. I am an export and import merchant, of 23, Great St. Helens—I deal in tinned goods—in September, 1896, I engaged the prisoner Wilkinson as traveller on commission—he introduced various orders, including one of January 5th, 1897, from C. Main, 13, Station Avenue, Loughborough, for five cases of milk and one case of salmon, value £6 3s. 6d.—the goods were supplied—they were not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160041"/>
<p>paid for—I also supplied Cook Brothers with 72 lbs. of curry powder, price £4 4s., and another—9 worth of goods, which were not paid for—Wilkinson introduced Hanik as Cook Brothers—Hanik gave, me an order for 30 lbs. of tinned salmon, which I did not execute, because I wanted references or a cheque on the first transaction, which did not come—I received an order from F. J. Wilkins on January 14th, of 13, Crutched Friars—two references were given—I made inquiries—I declined to deliver the goods—I wrote to Wilkinson to say so—Wilkins called and expostulated rather strongly because I did not supply the goods—my next order was from Vosper for 100 cases of "Aunt Sally" flour in bags—an American flour—I did not supply it—in the spring of 1897 Wilkinson ceased to be my traveller—I discharged him—I have never been paid for the goods referred to.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wilkinson.</hi> You sent me close upon 200 customers, to the amount of very likely—500—my business is for cash on delivery for the home trade—the curry was the exception—I refused when I found your requests were becoming frequent—you signed an agreement to pay a portion of bad debts—I cannot see what interest you had to send wrong customers—I stopped 20s. of your last week's money—you were a good traveller.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wilkins.</hi> Seven days was on your milk order introduced by Wilkinson, but I would not entertain it—you were very indignant, and I wrote to Wilkinson after your visit.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-199" type="surname" value="SWAFFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-199" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SWAFFIELD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I bought a quantity of curry powder from Hanik—this is a bill-head of Charles Hening and Co.—I was not positive—I never bought anything except in the name of Hanik. (
<hi rend="italic">A bill to Crisp and Co. was here produced for four dozen tins at</hi> £2 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d. and</hi> 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">per cent, cash allowed.</hi>) I was not aware that that cost—4 4s. two days before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-200" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-200" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-200" type="given" value="JAMES CLIFFORD"/>JAMES CLIFFORD BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Rowland Carr and Co., of 163, Palmerston Buildings, and am agent to Mr. Howson, of Tunstall, in Staffordshire, patentees—about Easter, 1897, I engaged the prisoner Wilson, as traveller on commission—he gave his address afterwards at Three Tuns Passage, Newgate Street—among other persons he introduced to us was F. J. Fieth, as a customer, who gave an order for half-a-dozen of "Perfection Relish," which we had to transmit to Tunstall to be executed—his address was 52, Fairlawn Park, Sydenham—the order was executed, and we then got an order from the same person for five gross of relish—I think it was from the same firm—the price of that was £13—the next order was about August 14th from A. W. Wilson, of the Acme Novelty Company, 27, Halliford Street—price £13 5s.—that was executed—the next order was from Cook Brothers, of Alderegate Street, for five gross, but I do not know exactly—that order was executed—shortly after that there was another order from Cook Brothers for two more gross—I believe that would be about £5 6s.—that order was executed—we received no pay
<lb/>ment for any of those orders—the account went on up to August last—those orders amount to £47 9s. 6d., but there are others—you have Wilkinson's statement—the amount is £69 or £70.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wilkinson.</hi> We made some inquiries—we never applied for any of the expenses.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160042"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Fieth.</hi> Wilkinson wrote you a recommendation to Mr. Howson—I never received any claims for breakages of the bottles—I did not say at the Police-court that I called at your place with Mr. Howson—we did not call—I said I called on most of the defendants.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by A. W. Wilson.</hi> I do not know of the practice of introducing an article into a large firm at a sacrifice in the hope of recouping it by subsequent orders—you did not write offering—3 and a three months' bill, with interest added—we did not receive such letter—we have produced all letters from you—you gave me a bill and asked for its renewal—we did not renew it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-201" type="surname" value="HOWSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-201" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY HOWSON</persName> </hi>. I am the proprietor of the "Perfection Relish," of Tunstall, Staffordshire—Messrs. Rowland Carr are our London agents—we executed an order for half a gross to F. J. Fief, 52, Fairlawn Park, Lower Sydenhain—this is the statement of account—it shows half a gross on July 10th, and five gross on July 31st, coming to £14 7s.—we were never paid—our next order was by A. W. Wilson, of the Acme Novelty Company, amounting to £13 5s.—we were never paid—on August 23rd and 24th and September 6th I executed orders from Cook Brothers, of 93, Aldersgate Street, amounting to £18 11s.—we never got paid—we never got any of our sauce back—we had a repeat order, which we executed—we never got paid—we never dealt with Crisp and Company.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Fieth.</hi> The bottles were packed in good packages—I cannot swear to the boxes—I did not pack them—I had no complaint of the packing—you could have claimed from the railway company for broken packages—we pack them now in a more convenient way—with a separate compartment in bin cases—I do not remember informing you that Rowland Carr and Mr. Brown, his partner, were my agents.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-202" type="surname" value="FOTHERINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-202" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID FOTHERINGHAM</persName> </hi>. I am the general manager at Messrs. Crisp of all the departments—I knew the prisoners A. W. Wilson, Hanik and Wilson for eighteen months as the representative of the Acme Novelty Company—when I bought brown paper from him—I have had other tran
<lb/>sactions with him—I bought some sauce on August 17th—he offered a sample, I think it was five gross at 28s.—this is the receipt from the counting-house—I have known Hanik four or five years as Hening, an agent—I bought some tinned goods from him first, and five gross of "Per
<lb/>fection Relish" at 25s. a gross on August 27th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by A. W. Wilson.</hi> I have heard that new goods are introduced more cheaply sometimes to obtain a market—I do not know it of my own knowledge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-203" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-203" type="given" value="WILIAM SLADE"/>WILIAM SLADE VINCENT</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Dyas, drysalters of 87 and 88, Fore Street, City—in September last I bought of Hanik two gross of "Perfection Relish" at 30s.—this is his receipt (
<hi rend="italic">Headed:</hi> "Charles Hening and Co., general agents, Hercules Road, Holloway.")</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-204" type="surname" value="DOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-204" type="given" value="JOHN INGLIS"/>JOHN INGLIS DOYLE</persName> </hi>. I am a messenger in the Record Office of the Bank
<lb/>ruptcy Court—I produce the files in bankruptcy of Emil Hening in 1886—adjudication April 19th—his liabilities rank at £2,793 7s. 5d., his assets at £186 14s—book debts principally—he is still undischarged—no applica
<lb/>tion was made—Main is described as Charles Augustus Marni, agent of 28
<hi rend="smallCaps">A</hi>, Paternoster Row—his adjudication was December 29th, 1894—he is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189805160043"/>
<p>undischarged—his labilities were £525 11s., his assets nil—F. J. Fieth is described as a merchant and agent, of 12, Lawrence Lane—that petition was filed in June, 1894, and dismissed on August 3rd—there was a final judgment for £226 15s. 1d.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980516-name-205" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980516-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980516-name-205" type="surname" value="CHADWICK"/>