<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18980207">
<interp inst="f18980207" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="f18980207" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t18980207-name-1">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ., Q.C.,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, February 7th, 1898, and following days,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-2" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-2" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName>, M.P., LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-3" type="surname" value="LAWRANCE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-3" type="given" value="JOHN COMPTON"/>JOHN COMPTON LAWRANCE</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-4" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-4" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Bart., M.P., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-5" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-5" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Bart., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-6" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-6" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN VOCE MOORE</hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-7" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-7" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK GREEN</persName> </hi>, Esq., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH COCKFIELD DIMSDALE</hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-8" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-8" type="given" value="JAMES THOMPSON"/>JAMES THOMPSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Esq.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-9" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-9" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-10" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-10" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES BELL</persName> </hi>, Esq., J.
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRONG</hi>, Esq., other Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., Q.C., Common Serjeant of the said City Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, hold en for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-11" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-11" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK GREEN</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-12" type="surname" value="DEWAR"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-12" type="given" value="THOMAS ROBERT"/>THOMAS ROBERT DEWAR</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-13" type="surname" value="GARDINER"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-13" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY GARDINER</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RICHARD CLARENCE HALSE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070003"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIES, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-137-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-137-18980207" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-137-18980207" type="surname" value="MORLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-137-18980207" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MORLEY</hi> (18)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-137-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-137-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-137-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18980207-137-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-137-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-137-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to feloniously forging and uttering a receipt for 5s. with intent to defraud,</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-137-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-137-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-137-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>also to stealing a letter, envelope, and post-office order of
<persName id="t18980207-name-15" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-15" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-15" type="surname" value="MILLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-15" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-137-offence-2 t18980207-name-15"/>Elizabeth Millen</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-137-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-137-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-137-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-137-18980207 t18980207-137-punishment-1"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-138-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-138-18980207" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-138-18980207" type="surname" value="BLACK"/>
<interp inst="def1-138-18980207" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH BLACK</hi> (52)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-138-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-138-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-138-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18980207-name-17" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-17" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-17" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-17" type="given" value="ANNIE SOPHIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-138-offence-1 t18980207-name-17"/>Annie Sophia Clark</persName>, his wife being then alive.—</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-138-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-138-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-138-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-138-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-138-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-138-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-138-18980207 t18980207-138-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-139-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-139-18980207" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-139-18980207" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-139-18980207" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH JOHNSON</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-139-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-139-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-139-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, to feloniously sending to
<persName id="t18980207-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-19" type="surname" value="WINIFRITH"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-19" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-139-offence-1 t18980207-name-19"/>Richard Winifrith</persName> a letter demanding money with menaces without any reasonable or probable cause. </rs>
<rs id="t18980207-139-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-139-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-139-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.—
<rs id="t18980207-139-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-139-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-139-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-139-18980207 t18980207-139-punishment-3"/>Dis
<lb/>charged on recognizances to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18980207-140" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-140-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-140-18980207 t18980207-140-offence-1 t18980207-140-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-140-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-140-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-140-18980207" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-140-18980207" type="surname" value="HOUSSART"/>
<interp inst="def1-140-18980207" type="given" value="ALBERT VICTOR STANLEY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT VICTOR STANLEY HOUSSART</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-140-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-140-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-140-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to feloniously forging and uttering an authority for the payment of £1 8s. from a post-office deposit account.</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-140-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-140-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-140-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-140-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-140-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-140-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-140-18980207 t18980207-140-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18980207-141" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-141-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-141-18980207 t18980207-141-offence-1 t18980207-141-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-141-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-141-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-141-18980207" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-141-18980207" type="surname" value="WELHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-141-18980207" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HENRY WELHAM</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-141-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-141-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-141-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling £8 of
<persName id="t18980207-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-22" type="surname" value="BROWNFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-22" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-141-offence-1 t18980207-name-22"/>Frederick Charles Brownfield</persName>, his employer.—</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-141-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-141-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-141-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-141-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-141-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-141-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-141-18980207 t18980207-141-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18980207-142" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-142-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-142-18980207 t18980207-142-offence-1 t18980207-142-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-142-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-142-18980207 t18980207-142-offence-1 t18980207-142-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-142-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-142-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-142-18980207" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-142-18980207" type="surname" value="GYSEMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-142-18980207" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD GYSEMAN</hi> (17)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-142-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-142-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-142-18980207" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def2-142-18980207" type="surname" value="LEAR"/>
<interp inst="def2-142-18980207" type="given" value="ROBERT EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT EDWARD LEAR</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-142-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-142-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-142-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of £50 with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEAR</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-142-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-142-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-142-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HARRISON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-25" type="surname" value="FIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-25" type="given" value="JAMES HERBERT"/>JAMES HERBERT FIELD</persName> </hi>. I am an electrical engineer, of 13 and 14, Victoria Street, Westminster—Lear has been in my employment about five months—on January 13th, in the morning I missed my cheque book from my private drawer which I kept locked—I complained at once to my banker and in consequence of a letter I received from the bank I looked for my cheque book—this cheque marked "A" is from the book—it is not in my writing—I should say it is Lear's writing, and the endorsement is the same writing—the name on the endorse, "Tucker," is that of a pub
<lb/>lisher of an electrical journal—it is not his writing—I had some conversa
<lb/>tion with Lear and went to the bank with him and heard that somebody had presented the cheque the day before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-26" type="surname" value="BOARD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-26" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BOARD</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier in the London and County Bank, Victoria Street, Westminster—on January 12th, about three to five minutes</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070004"/>
<p>to nine a.m. Gyseman presented this cheque—I said "How would you like to have it post-office—he said he would like to have £30 in gold and four £5 notes—in consequence of what I saw in the corner of the cheque I referred to Mr. Field's signature in the signature book and found it to differ—I said to Gyseman "From whom did you bring this cheque"—he gave me an evasive answer, not saying anything particular—I said "I must detain you while I interview my manager"—after I bad seen the manager I took Gyseman to him, after which he was allowed to go away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gyseman.</hi> I do not remember your asking for £3 in silver and £2 in gold and the rest in notes—you did not do so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-27" type="surname" value="POLLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-27" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN POLLARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective A</hi>). I was on duty on January 14th, in Poland Street, Oxford Street, with Sergeant Bowden—I had seen Gyseman with Lear at six p.m. and had kept watch—about seven I saw Gyseman going into a house, I stopped him and told him I was a police officer and was going to take him into custody for being concerned in forging and uttering a cheque for £50, at 14, Victoria Street—he said,. "I do not know anything about the forgery; why don't you look for the thief"—I told him I had done so that evening and that I should search his room—he said "It is no use your going there, the cheques are burnt"—I went with Bowden, and searched the place, but found nothing—we took Gyseman to Marlboro' Street, and then to Rochester Row, where Lear was, to whom he said "Halloa, you here? had it not been for that telegram I should not have been here"—they were detained and subse
<lb/>quently charged—in answer to the charge, Gyseman made no reply—I found on him nothing relating to the charge, only a pawnticket of a revolver pledged at Birmingham, which I first mentioned to him, and he said, "That is where I should have been now, and I should not have been here."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gyseman.</hi> I did not know what you meant by the telegram till 2.30 a.m.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-28" type="surname" value="LEAR"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-28" type="given" value="ROBERT EDWARD"/>ROBERT EDWARD LEAR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner</hi>). I was employed by Mr. Field—I have known Gyseman about six weeks—I was entrusted with the key of my master's drawer in which his cheque book was kept—on January 11th I opened the drawer with the key—I found a cheque book and some cheques which had been used—Gyseman before that had told me if there was a good chance to find anything to let him know—I had met him at a cycle club—he asked me if my master ever posted any money in envelopes, he wanted to meet me and take it—I told him I did not know, and that it would be no good if there was one, because it would be registered, and I would have to bring back a receipt for it—I gave him the cheque book—I took a leaf from the cheque book, and copied a cheque from one that had been used—he told me to copy one, and the way to do it—I gave it to him, and I gave him the cheque book in the evening—he was present when I filled it in—he said it would be all right, he was sure he would be able to change it—he said he had been to the bank with the one I gave him and they would not change it, and I had better write "Tucker" on the back—I did not know Tucker—it was on one of the cheques that had been used—he came back with the cheque twice to 14, Victoria Street, where I had filled up the cheque—I had made a mistake in the initials—I saw him in the evening at Charing Cross—there bad been an accident to a 'bus—he asked me how I had got on—I said I had not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070005"/>
<p>heard anything about it—I said I bad been to the bank with my master—he said I was not to say it was him, or anything about him—I told him that I did say to my master that I knew nothing about it—I was arrested by Sergeant Bowden.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gyseman.</hi> I sent you a telegram to come at once—when you came back with the cheque that the bank would not change you said, "Write the initials on it"—I copied another—I altered one to "J. H" from the wrong initials "M. R.," or something like that—I rubbed it out with an ink eraser—I hardly know what I did, now—I must have taken another leaf out of the book and written another cheque.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Gyseman's defence:</hi> I burnt the cheque book; I did not want nothing found on me.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GYSEMAN</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-142-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-142-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-142-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at Marlborough Street Police Court in August</hi>, 1897.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-142-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-142-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-142-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-142-18980207 t18980207-142-punishment-6"/>Eight Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEAR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">received a good character.—
<rs id="t18980207-142-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-142-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-142-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-142-18980207 t18980207-142-punishment-7"/>To enter into recognizances to come up for judgment if called upon.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-143">
<interp inst="t18980207-143" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-143" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-143-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-143-18980207 t18980207-143-offence-1 t18980207-143-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-143-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-143-18980207 t18980207-143-offence-1 t18980207-143-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-143-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-143-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-143-18980207" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-143-18980207" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-143-18980207" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY THOMAS</hi> (19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-143-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-143-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-143-18980207" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-143-18980207" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def2-143-18980207" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED WHITE</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-143-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-143-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-143-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18980207-143-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-143-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-143-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a case and other articles of
<persName id="t18980207-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-31" type="surname" value="OFFENBACHER"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-31" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-143-offence-1 t18980207-name-31"/>Sidney Offenbacher</persName> and others</rs>—White having been before convicted—
<hi rend="italic">Other convictions were proved against White.
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS</hi>
<rs id="t18980207-143-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-143-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-143-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-143-18980207 t18980207-143-punishment-8"/>Judgment Respited.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHITE</hi>
<rs id="t18980207-143-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-143-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-143-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-143-18980207 t18980207-143-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-144">
<interp inst="t18980207-144" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-144" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-144-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-144-18980207 t18980207-144-offence-1 t18980207-144-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-144-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-144-18980207 t18980207-144-offence-1 t18980207-144-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-144-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-144-18980207 t18980207-144-offence-1 t18980207-144-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-144-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-144-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-144-18980207" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-144-18980207" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-144-18980207" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SAUNDERS</hi> (18)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-144-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-144-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-144-18980207" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-144-18980207" type="surname" value="EWENS"/>
<interp inst="def2-144-18980207" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD EWENS</hi> (17)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-144-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-144-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-144-18980207" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def3-144-18980207" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="def3-144-18980207" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH PERRY</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-144-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-144-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-144-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, to robbery on
<persName id="t18980207-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-35" type="surname" value="BAYNARD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-35" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-144-offence-1 t18980207-name-35"/>William Bayard</persName> and stealing 6s. 1d. his money.—</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-144-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-144-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-144-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-144-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-144-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-144-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-144-18980207 t18980207-144-punishment-10"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-144-18980207 t18980207-144-punishment-10"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-144-18980207 t18980207-144-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour each.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-145">
<interp inst="t18980207-145" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-145" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-145-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-145-18980207 t18980207-145-offence-1 t18980207-145-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-145-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-145-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-145-18980207" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-145-18980207" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-145-18980207" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM TURNER</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-145-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-145-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-145-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a coat and a wooden shoulder, the goods of
<persName id="t18980207-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-37" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-37" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-145-offence-1 t18980207-name-37"/>Harry Smith</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ARMSTRONG</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-38" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-38" type="given" value="THOMAS FREDERICK"/>THOMAS FREDERICK WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am a driver, of 63, Hamner Buildings, Tooley Street—on January 6th I was looking into a tobacconist's window in King William Street and saw three men, two of them went upstairs and one stood at the door—one came down with a coat on his arm and ran across the road and gave it to another man—I never saw the man again who stood below, the other one kept upstairs—the prosecutor tool me up and I saw prisoner sitting in a chair—the tailor's shop is over the tobacconist's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I am sure three men went in and only two came out, and you are the third.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-39" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-39" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor, of 41 King William Street—on January 5th I was in the back room of my shop, at work—my rooms are on the first floor, you do not have to go through the tobacconist's shop to get upstairs to it—I went out immediately and inspected a coat which hung on the door on a shoulder like this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I saw the prisoner standing on the landing; I said, "Have you taken a coat of mine?"—he said, "No"—I said, "What have you behind you?"and turned him round and found this shoulder—I said, "If you have not got the coat you have got the shoulder it hung on"—I detained him and the police</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070006"/>
<p>came—I had the coat to repair and have paid the gentleman three pounds for it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know you through a neighbour, but I didn't think you knew my premises. I did not come and ask you to lend me eighteen-pence one day and afterwards come and pay you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-40" type="surname" value="HITCHCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-40" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HITCHCOCK</persName> </hi> (525
<hi rend="italic">City.</hi>) I was called and took the prisoner—he said that he did not know anything about it—the prosecutor gave me the shoulder and said that he found the prisoner on the landing—the prisoner said that he picked it up—he appeared perfectly sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence:</hi> I went there because the prosecutor and my master are in the habit of drinking together. I went up the staircase and he charged me. This youth said, "Will you give him in charge." He said, "I will."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">T. F. WRIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I did not see the three men in the street before they went into the shop—the prisoner went in first and the next minute another man went in.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-41" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-41" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am a shoemaker, of 41, Fetter-lane—the prisoner worked for me and earned about 30s. per week—he is married and has a family—he bears a good character as an honest, sober man—I had been out with the tailor that day and returned at four o'clock—the prisoner was not with us.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-145-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-145-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-145-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-146">
<interp inst="t18980207-146" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-146" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-146-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-146-18980207 t18980207-146-offence-1 t18980207-146-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-146-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-146-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-146-18980207" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-146-18980207" type="surname" value="WEIL"/>
<interp inst="def1-146-18980207" type="given" value="ISIDOR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISIDOR WEIL</hi> (61)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-146-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-146-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-146-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously casting certain moulds counter
<lb/>feiting the marks of dies used by the Goldsmiths' Company.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HALDENSTEIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-43" type="surname" value="RECORD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-43" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM RECORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant D</hi>). At about 10.30 a.m. on January 7th I stopped the prisoner in Berwick Street, Oxford Street, and said I was a police officer and had a warrant for his arrest, which I read to him—he said, "How did you know that I was here, have you been to my house"—I said, "I have not been to your house"—he was carrying a brown-paper parcel—I took it from him—it contained 24 unfinished teaspoons—I produce a portion of them—there were also 10 finished spoons—I took him to the station and searched him there—I found upon him a piece of silver like a bowl, some seals, medals, and also some crests of hall-marks of various dates—after searching him I went to Nos. 10 and 11, Hart Street—on the second floor at No. 10, in some rooms there which the defendant told me were his, I found this bowl, Sheffield plated, two ewers, one unfinished, and four caddy spoons, a cup with a loose bezil, 30 fruit forks, a number of other spoons and silver articles—I then went down to the basement of No. 11—there was a large safe there—I gave the keys to the prisoner's wife and she opened the safe, and there was a number of fruit forks, one metal pattern unfinished, eight metal fruit forks, 12 fruit, forks which were apparently silver, and a number of other articles.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not remember the prisoner asking me to break it quietly to his wife when I arrested him—he may have done so at the station—I had no difficulty in examining his house—Nos. 10 and 11,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070007"/>
<p>Hart Street, consist of flats—the basement in No. 11 is his workshop—you enter from the street properly, bat we went through a passage—they are two separate houses—I don't remember finding in the basement a tin box—there may have been one—I saw some metal forks in a tin box—I did not take them away—the forks were in a tin box in a large safe—they were amongst a lot of other metal goods—there were a lot of books there also—there was a lot of scraps and pieces of wire and scraps of tin, and some on a piano in the sitting room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I had had some information before I searched this place—I went there in consequence of inquiries.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-44" type="surname" value="CROW"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-44" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CROW</persName> </hi>. I live at 31, Fitzroy Street, and have a shop 41, Beak Street, Soho—I am a castor of gold and silver—I know the prisoner as a customer—he has been a customer since December last—I have done casting for him since then—I did not know where he lived at first, I did afterwards when I sent some goods home for him—that was in December from the 6th to the 8th—he never told me what his business was and I never asked him—to make these things I had to use a mould of sand in an iron frame—that leaves an exact impression—the sand is worked damp—it then takes the impression very readily. On December 6th, I delivered some articles to the prisoner I had them from him a day or two before—I received nix spoons to cast, two from each mark making 12 in all—the spoons he gave me were silver and I was to cast them in silver—there were some marks on the back of the spoons, I did not know what they were—I know now that they are hall-marks—the castings I produced also bore the hall-marks—the prisoner called for them himself—I was paid 19s. 5d.—I charged him for the metal—a few days before the 18th, I received six small fruit-forks from the prisoner, and also one bread-fork—the fruit-forks were in silver and the bread-knife was in brass—he asked me to cast four from each of the fruit-forks and six from the bread-fork—but I only delivered five at that time—I was to cast 24 altogether from the fruit-forks and six from the bread-fork—that was in silver also—he said the six forks had old Dutch marks on them—I knew nothing about hall-marks at that time—the castings I made had the same appearance as the originals—there were no marks produced on the castings of the bread-fork there was some wax over the marks—I do not know what they were—I did not take it off to see what was underneath—I had never seen hall-marks on such a place before—the mould showed the mark of the wax—I delivered these articles on the 18th—I was paid £2 14s, 5d. for them—I cast them from the same silver pattern as I got the silver forks from—the forks in gilding metal and the forks in silver were all the same pattern—the mark came out as we see it there—those forks are the same pattern as those I cast—they are not in the same condition as when they left me—they were very rough and black when they left me—when he gave me the patterns to cast, he said "get them out clear"—there is a way of getting them out clear with extra care—I did my best to bring them out clearly—on the same day, December 16th, the prisoner gave me some caddy spoons—he asked me to cast two from each of the patterns, making four in all, in silver—they bear some marks on the back, I know now that they are hall-marks—I cast them—before doing so I wiped the hall-mark out—I did that because he did not ask me</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070008"/>
<p>to produce them—they therefore did not bear any marks on the back—the prisoner came to me a day or two afterwards—I gave him the spoons with no marks—he said "What the devil did you take the marks out for, they are no use as they are"; I said "If they are no use I will do them again"; he said "Yes, but look at the delay and disappointment to my customer"—he did not give me the, name of his customer—I cast fresh ones producing the marks—the prisoner called and I gave him the castings—I had to make a fresh mould—I did not keep four spoons of the first casting, I kept the whole—the second lot bore the marks and I handed them to the prisoner—those produced are the ones, and they have been finished since they left my place so that I cannot swear to them—on January 4th the prisoner came to me again with some silver spoons of a small size, and six larger ones as patterns—all of the 10 had marks on them—he asked me to cast three from each of the four patterns, and two from each of the six patterns, 24 in all—I did so—those are the spoons—I cast them in silver—those two sets bore the same marks as the patterns—I handed those to the prisoner on January 7th—on January 6th the prisoner came to me with some old silver—he wanted me to melt his silver for the casting of his spoons—I examined the silver; he remarked as to it having on it solder—I had to cast some spoons for another customer but I could not use his silver, and I used some of my own.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not make a statement to the Goldsmiths' Company—I went to Mr. Thomas, my solicitor, for advice—I did not go to the prisoner and say that I thought it was illegal, because I only just found it out when I went to Mr. Thomas—I heard it was a Dutch mark, but did not know if it was correct—Mr. Thomas did not know—I went to him after the prisoner had told me it was Dutch, because, when I told one of my customers that it was a Dutch mark he said, "You are Dutch"—I think I should know the difference now—I have never been to the Goldsmiths' Company—I do not know anything about a reward—my solicitor only asked the Company if they would recompense me for loss of time—I reminded my solicitor of my loss of time—I left the amount for him to decide, I left my interest in his hands—I do not know if that fork is the one I made—this one is the pattern I worked from—I cannot swear to this fork because it is finished—the finished one is silver, but the other one is brass—the prisoner never told me when he brought the fork to me with wax over the place where the hall-marks were, that they were English marks, and that they must be covered up—I have had base metal brought to me to make silver articles from, with old marks on it, but not with the marks covered—I have never seen them cover the marks—I have seen the marks covered on silver, but not on base metal—I said at Bow Street that I was accustomed to wipe out the marks on base metal when I was an apprentice, by the order of my master—I obliterated the marks on the mould, not on the pattern—I do not pretend to know anything about hall marks—people bring me the stuff to cast roughly and then the makers take it away and finish the work—I noticed that the patterns on the spoons were different, and I should have to take mouldings for each one—I know nothing about the Dutch designs—I have no recollection of the prisoner telling me that they were Dutch—I did not say before the Magistrate that I had no reason for doubt when the prisoner mentioned that they were Dutch—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070009"/>
<p>only told me that the spoons were Dutch—I cannot say if they are all the same—I have on numerous occasions taken his broken silver from him which I have used for his purposes and for other people's purposes—it is not customary for my customers to mention their customers' names.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-45" type="surname" value="FIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-45" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMBS FIELD</persName> </hi>. I have been for 34 years assay officer of the Goldsmiths' Company—I had previously been a practical silversmith—the Goldsmiths' Company had the duty of assaying and marking silver articles—they had to be marked with the lion, the serial date, and the Sovereign's head for the duty payable—registers are kept of those marks—it is the practice for makers to register their names—there are registers for many jears back, from 17So to 1800; there are marks of the lion and the leopard's head and a crown—the Company mark the articles in a particular way, differently, according to the article—the prisoner has had articles registered with the Company, and also his wife—this cream ewer with a circular bezil bearing a genuine London hall-mark of 1800—it bears the maker's private mark, F. G. E. W. and L. B., that is the maker's mark—the bowl of this spoon is silver—the hall-marks are on what we call the lip—there are no marks on the bowl—if the spoon was complete the marks would appear on the stem, above that part which is broken off, meeting the bezil round the ewer, it would be marked in the way in which the bezil was marked—looking at the unfinished ewer, that is silver with a square bezil, it is formed of four sides, on one of which is a hall-mark—I am able to trace it—that is quite a modern mark—in 1814 there 'had been a maker's mark, but I have not been able to trace it—I have assayed that, it is made of four different assays—this little circular strip of metal bears a genuine hall-mark of 1800—I think that has been part of a cover, it might have been of a coffee pot—that strip of itself would not be hall-marked by the Company, it must have been taken out of something—this little bowl bears genuine hall marks of 1801; I think this has been the bottom of a tea or coffee pot, it has been deepened by hammer
<lb/>ing or beating—this body is of modern make, this bowl part will fit it perfectly well—this large bezil bears a genuine hall-mark of a date between 1670 and 1880—it is impossible to say what sort of article that has been taken from—it fits the bottom of a cup—it represents a date of 1680, which would be very valuable—these two sets of caddy spoons bear the genuine hall-mark of the lion, the date letter, the leopard's head, and the date of 1800, and the letter W. of the maker's name—we have the maker's name registered as W. T., 1880—that might be the initials of W. Tweedy—there is a great difference in the value of old silver and its, intrinsic value—two of this bundle of 12 silver teaspoons have been finished by the Company as specimens—they represent the lion and the maker's initials, W. T.—when finished and polished they represent antique spoons—three of these six gilded metal forks bear the lion, and the other three bear the lion and the king's head, also the maker's initials, S. M., Samuel Molton, registered from 1784 to 1878—the registers of the Goldsmiths' Company are open for inspection to ascertain the date of an article—these marks are not genuine—they resemble genuine marks—the Company would not register them—these forks have been gilded by the Company—these marks would be looked upon as</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070010"/>
<p>genuine by an unskilled person, who would not see any difference—some of these 12 silver forks bear the lion and the king's head—they are silver cast, they also bear the initials S. M.—they are exactly similar to those I spoke of before, but they are not genuine—they are marked with the lion, and the maker's initials W. T.—the lion is not a genuine mark—it resembles it—these four spoons have been finished—the number of articles which I say are not genuine hall-marks are more than 60—17 of these caddy spoons bear the marks identical with the other spoons I have spoken of, except those have been finished and these have not—this article, number 17, is composed of two silver teaspoons—they are marked with the lion and the initials W. T.—they are not genuine—none of these marks are Dutch—they are totally different from ours—foreign plates in this country are not lawful unless they are assayed and marked—these have no appearance of being so marked—I know the defendant—I have seen him at the Hall once or twice—I believe he has brought foreign plate—my knowledge is only derived from books—most of the foreign plate comes to us through the Customs.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't know what reward is offered by the Goldsmiths' Company—I never heard of it—I am not an expert of old marks—I have had experience of them—old silver is brought to the Hall sometimes for the experts—I am not the official who gives advice as to old marks—I was apprenticed to a silversmith, and afterwards employed in the trade—that does not especially show any knowledge of old silver—it certainly requires an expert to distinguish between the different marks—I don't think that dealers in the old trade would mistake Dutch marks for old English marks—before the Magistrate I did make a mistake as to the maker's initials, but I corrected it at a further hearing—if these spoons and forks had on them the English marks there would be no need to take them to an assayer to say that they were standard silver—if a dealer believes them to be English marks, that would be sufficient for them—I know the firm of Johnson & Mathay—they are one of the first firms in this respect—after being what is called "pickled" and "annealed" they would not appear to be new pieces, there would be certain marks of wear on the ridges—those would not be lost in the fire—there would be certain signs by which you could tell—the hall-marking now is done with more particularity than it was 100 years ago—I have never seen one marked on the foot or on the base—I think I have seen one on the bezil, that is uncommon—I have, on several occasions, marked articles for the prisoner—his name is on our books at the Hall—I don't know anything about Birmingham, I believe they do mark there for less than we do—I have looked at all the articles produced—I have not found a single article of base metal—if there were any of foreign make I don't think it would be any offence to duplicate them in a fresh pattern, it would be an offence against the Customs—I suggest that this mark comes from the bezil of a cover, to all appearance the mark on one of these both is better than the other—they could be filed to the same thinness or thickness—it could be converted into a wine taster, that would be an offence against the Act of Parliament; this bears the date of 1800—as old plate it would fetch 15s. an ounce—the mark would have to be on the head—on a mere glance the mark deceived me, but not on a closer examination.</p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-46" type="surname" value="PRIDEAUX"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-46" type="given" value="WALTER"/>SIR WALTER PRIDEAUX</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Prideaux & Sons—I have been clerk to the Goldsmiths' Company a number of years—no reward has been offered for the articles produced by the Company, nor given—the Company make no profit by stamping them—profit is forbidden.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was one particular case only in which a reward was offered.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-47" type="surname" value="GARROD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-47" type="given" value="JAMES MORTIMER"/>JAMES MORTIMER GARROD</persName> </hi>. I am a gold and silversmith, of 24, Haymarket, with 49 years' experience—I have looked through the articles produced—I am acquainted with Dutch marks as well as English marks—I find no lion marks differing from those of English articles—these may be taken for English hall-marks by the inexperienced—these are cast marks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe I have had the largest experience in London—I have been a warden of the Goldsmiths' Company—the process of pickling, airmailing, and hammering would not cause them to deceive a skilful workman—this pot is imperfect, and does not represent its originally intended shape—I could make anything, but these do not represent the shape nor marks of the period of 1800 nor up to 1797.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-48" type="surname" value="TWYNHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-48" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES TWYNHAM</persName> </hi>. I am a silversmith, of 72, Maitland Street, Holloway—I was in business at St. James' Street, Clerkenwell, years ago, and had left on my hands a large amount of stock—I am now a journeyman—I was in business about nine months, about 13 1/2 years ago—I sold my stock from time to time—I sold Weil some forks similar to these last year—I think it was in August but I did not book it—I do not keep any books—I also sold him some caddy spoons like these—I took them to Johnson & Matthews because I had a doubt of their being standard—I have been a silversmith about 40 years—Johnson & Matthews are essayists—I told Weil I thought they were foreign—I did not trouble to take them to Goldsmiths' Hall—they could have told me whether the marks were genuine—it is the custom of the trade to make patterns from gilded articles—not with the marks on—as a rule I never see patterns cast with marks on—the marks ought to be left—I have seen casts with foreign marks on.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have no business address, I am a journeyman—you could not tell if it was old or new silver after it had been annealed, pickled, and new moulded, if the bruise is taken out, because it has been through the fire several times, and not simply polished—I have been giving an address of 14 years ago, when I was in business—I have one or two articles left at 72, Maitland Street—I have some spoons with the Queen's head on, and a spoon or two which have gone through the Hall—I have been at my address 19 years—I lived there when I was in business—I sold last year against the law, but the license would come to about half a dozen times the amount of goods sold—I do not think I sold anything else—nothing new—no inquires were made—I have not seen a London hall-mark like this on this caddy spoon—I have been in Court all day—I did not dispose of these cream ewers—the mark is unique—the body corresponds with the base—the besil has been soldered—it has been scraped—this part is all in one piece.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-49" type="surname" value="DERBY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-49" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DERBY</persName> </hi>. I am a gold and silver dealer of 44, Clerkenwell</p>
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<p>Road—I have known the defendant five or six years as a respectable dealer—I have given him orders—I never had anything from him that was not sterling silver—I am a gold and silver smith—I have seen ewers with a similar mark on the bezil—though it is exceptional—in the course of my experience I have seen a dozen—I should not like to pass an opinion on the value of this ewer without a microscope—it is nearly all ailver—when burnished it would be difficult to tell whether it was new or old—if old the value would be 10s. 6d. an ounce, if modern 7s. 6d. to 8s. 6d.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I last gave the prisoner an order in December—it was for a modern cup, with the usual four marks—that is the maker's name, the year or the date mark, the date letter and the diem—"E" represents 1800—there are five marks with the duty mark, but one is worn off this ewer, but they are always imperfect.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-50" type="surname" value="DOXEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-50" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH DOXEY</persName> </hi>. I am a silversmith of 5, Catherine Street, Strand, old silver that has been battered about and afterwards annealed, burnished and pickled cannot be distinguished from new unless the old mark is there—the base is not taken off to repair the ewer, unless it has been knocked in, then it would require it to make it good at the bottom.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-51" type="surname" value="BRIER"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-51" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BRIER</persName> </hi>. I am a gold and silver dealer and refiner, of 53 and 54, Barbican—I have given Weil orders for small articles such as Dutch toy articles to copy and work up—I found him honest and respectable, he never brought me base metal.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I should quickly detect base metal, that is my business—I gave him orders which he executed punctually—he is fairly skilful.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-146-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-146-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
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<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">FITZHERBERT CECIL WILLIAMS</hi> (44)</persName>
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<interp inst="t18980207-147-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
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<interp inst="t18980207-147-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>to six indictments for stealing six railway bonds for 1,000 dollars each, and other bonds, the property of
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<interp inst="t18980207-name-53" type="surname" value="LAYTON"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-147-offence-1 t18980207-name-53"/>Thomas Layton</persName> and another, his masters.—</rs>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-147-18980207 t18980207-147-punishment-12"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE EAMES</hi> (20)</persName>,
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR MILLER</hi> (19)</persName> and
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY NEWMAN</hi> (20)</persName>
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<interp inst="t18980207-148-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to two indictments for burglary and stealing 431 postage stamps, four dozen pocket-knives and other articles, Miller having been convicted at Clerkenwell on June 1st, 1896.</rs>
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<interp inst="t18980207-148-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EAMES</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">MILLER</hi>
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<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour each;</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEWMAN</hi>
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<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-149-18980207" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-149-18980207" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-149-18980207" type="surname" value="GREY"/>
<interp inst="def1-149-18980207" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MINNIE GREY</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-149-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-149-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-149-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtaining £5, also postal orders for 30s.,£2,£2 10s. and other sums, by false pretences.—</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-149-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-149-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-149-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18980207-149-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-149-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-149-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-149-18980207 t18980207-149-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-150">
<interp inst="t18980207-150" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-150" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-150-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-150-18980207 t18980207-150-offence-1 t18980207-150-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-150-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-150-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-150-18980207" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-150-18980207" type="surname" value="DONOGHUE"/>
<interp inst="def1-150-18980207" type="given" value="TEDDY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TEDDY DONOGHUE</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-150-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-150-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-150-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18980207-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-59" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-59" type="surname" value="HANS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-59" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-150-offence-1 t18980207-name-59"/>Elizabeth Hans</persName>, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm. </rs>
<rs id="t18980207-150-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-150-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-150-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner stated that he was guilty of unlawfully wounding, upon which the</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found that verdict.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-150-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-150-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-150-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-150-18980207 t18980207-150-punishment-16"/>Discharged on Recognizances.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-151">
<interp inst="t18980207-151" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-151" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-151-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-151-18980207 t18980207-151-offence-1 t18980207-151-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-151-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-151-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-151-18980207" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-151-18980207" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-151-18980207" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WRIGHT</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-151-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-151-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-151-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>, Assaulting
<persName id="t18980207-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-61" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-61" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-151-offence-1 t18980207-name-61"/>Thomas Saunders</persName> and occasioning him actual bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-62" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-62" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, of 203, Cassland Road, South</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070013"/>
<p>Hackney, on October 11th, about 12.30, I was standing on Fortescue's Wharf, by Blackfriars Bridge, waiting for the shoot—the prisoner was there, and another man—when the prisoner saw me he had a "scotch" in his hand—and then a train came over the bridge, and he caught hold of me and I fell over on to the barge—I caught hold of his coat as I fell and I heard that he fell on top of me, but I do not know whether he fell with me—my leg was broken—I fell about 10 or 12 feet—I have known the prisoner about three or four years—he had a bit of a spite against me—we had a little bit of a tiff about it on Saturday—he said something about my
<hi rend="italic">missus</hi>, and he had his revenge on me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-63" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-63" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HOWARD</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, of 11, Wharf Road, Hackney—I was with the prosecutor, on October 11th, about 12.55, at Fortescue's, and saw the prisoner—I was the next to shoot a load—he could not get rid of his load of rubbish, and as soon as he saw the prosecutor he ran at him twice with a piece of wood in his hand; but I cannot say if he struck him or if the cut on his forehead was done by the fall on the gunwale of the barge—they both fell together—the prosecutor became insensible, and he laid down near the prisoner, and I ran down and got him off—I did not see any more of the injured man, he was taken to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He deliberately caught hold of him and threw him, and as he threw him the prosecutor caught bold of him, and they went over together.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-64" type="surname" value="ASTON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-64" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ASTON</persName> </hi> (215
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). I took the prosecutor to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, on October 11th—he made a statement—the prisoner was brought there—I told him that in consequence of a statement made by the prosecutor, I should take him "into custody for striking him on the head with a wooden "scotch"—he said, "I did not hit him with anything, we were only larking about"</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-65" type="surname" value="GRACE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-65" type="given" value="JOHN JOHNSTON"/>JOHN JOHNSTON GRACE</persName> </hi>, F.R.C.S. I am house surgeon at St. Bar
<lb/>tholomew's Hospital—I remember the prosecutor being brought in on October 11th—he had a compound fracture of both legs, and a wound on the right side of his forehead which might have been caused by a blow with a blunt instrument, or by a fall—he is better now, the smaller bone of his leg has united in one place; but he is an old man—we may be able to do something for him—his leg is now in plaster of Paris; I saw it a week ago, and saw what it was like—it most probably will unite—the bones should have united by now—it is very rare for them not to unite—if they do not unite, he will be a cripple for life.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-66" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-66" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>MORRIS COLEMAN</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.S. I am house surgeon at St. Bartholomew's Hospital—I saw the prisoner on October 11th—he had a simple fracture of two bones in the left leg—I think he will be able to do some work in a month—the prisoner had no bruises on him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I never intended to put the man where he was."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-67" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-67" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HOWARD</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I heard the prosecutor call the prisoner a b—y old b—before he was assaulted.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence:</hi> "I have worked there six or seven years, and should not do such a thing as that, and I do not recollect anything about it."</p>
<rs id="t18980207-151-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-151-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-151-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> of
<hi rend="italic">Assault, but the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that the prisoner did not intend to break the prosecutor's leg</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18980207-151-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-151-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-151-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-151-18980207 t18980207-151-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070014"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lawrance.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-152">
<interp inst="t18980207-152" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-152" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-152-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-152-18980207 t18980207-152-offence-1 t18980207-152-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-152-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-152-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-152-18980207" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-152-18980207" type="surname" value="MORGUES"/>
<interp inst="def1-152-18980207" type="given" value="ALEXANDER ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER ERNEST MORGUES</hi> (18)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-152-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-152-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-152-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18980207-152-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-152-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-152-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>to feloniously sending two letters to
<persName id="t18980207-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-69" type="surname" value="WOOLNOUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-69" type="given" value="WALTER WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-152-offence-1 t18980207-name-69"/>Walter William Woolnough</persName> demanding money with menaces without any reasonable or probable cause, and to a previous conviction on October 19th, 1896.—</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-152-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-152-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-152-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-152-18980207 t18980207-152-punishment-18"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">For other Cases tried this day see Surrey Cases.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-153">
<interp inst="t18980207-153" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-153" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-153-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-153-18980207 t18980207-153-offence-1 t18980207-153-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-153-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-153-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-153-18980207" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-153-18980207" type="surname" value="SHADDOCK"/>
<interp inst="def1-153-18980207" type="given" value="CHARLES SUMMERS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES SUMMERS SHADDOCK</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-153-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-153-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-153-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing three rings, a brooch and a bracelet of
<persName id="t18980207-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-71" type="surname" value="KIDDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-71" type="given" value="ALFRED JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-153-offence-1 t18980207-name-71"/>Alfred John Kiddell</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-72" type="surname" value="KIDDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-72" type="given" value="ALFRED JOHN"/>ALFRED JOHN KIDDELL</persName> </hi>—I am a licensed victualler of 215, Upper Thames Street—the prisoner came into my service last November as potman—my wife keeps her jewellery on a tray on the dressing table and in a drawer—she missed three gold and diamond rings, a sapphire brooch and a diamond bracelet of the value of about £60—on November 19th, we employed two barmaids and the prisoner—they took breakfast in the kitchen upstairs—I generally come down in the bar about 9.30 a.m. rising about 6.30—Mrs. Kiddell does not fully dress or put on her jewellery till the afternoon, having to attend to the house work—on November 19th, I left the jewellery safe on the dressing table in the bedroom about 9.30, the drawer being unfastened—rot seeing the prisoner in the bar I searched for him and about 10 minutes later told him to clean the beer engine—he went upstairs for the hot water—20 minutes or half an hour afterwards I noticed the private door open—it locks and bolts inside.—I then went up to the bedroom and missed the jewellery—a gold bracelet was left in the drawer—I put the matter into the hands of the police—on January 12th, I went with Serjeant Benson to Colchester—in the cavalry barracks I found the prisoner who had enlisted in the 1st Dragoon Guards—I owed him some wages, he left behind him an overcoat, a pair of trousers and a pair of boots.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-73" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-73" type="surname" value="KIDDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-73" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>HARRIET KIDDELL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—I pay the servants—I paid the prisoner 6s. a week—he disappeared on Friday, November 19th—I had paid him up to the Tuesday—I came down stairs on November 19th about 7.30 a.m.—that was before my husband came down—I went back to the bedroom about 9.30 or 9.45, when the prisoner was missed, in consequence of what my husband said—I do not wear my jewellery till the afternoon—on November 17th nnd 18th the prisoner had no right in the bedroom about three p.m.—I was then wear
<lb/>ing my jewellery in the bar.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I had said that the windows would want cleaning during the week—I did not say any particular time—part of your work is to clean the windows—I have left my jewellery in that way for about 12 years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-74" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-74" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-74" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am a general servant in Mrs. Kiddell's service—I have been there about 14 weeks now, and on November 19th about a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070015"/>
<p>fortnight—I had held a situation in Bermondsey about six weeks—before that I had been in the country—Mrs. Kiddell did not have a character with me, she could have if she had asked for one—the prisoner was employed as potman—on Wednesday, 17th, and Thursday, 18th, I saw him go into this bedroom in the afternoon—we dine at two or 2.30 p.m.—it was after that—he said he was going to clean the windows when I asked him—he did not clean the windows—on the Friday he came into the kitchen to breakfast between 9.30 and 10 a.m.—I left him there—no one was in the bedroom—I went upstairs—I came down halfanhour after
<lb/>wards—he had gone then.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You went in both days, you said, to clean the windows before you had to do the pewter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-75" type="surname" value="BASON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-75" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL BASON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). In consequence of information I received I went with Mr. Kiddell to Colchester on January 12th—at the cavalry barracks I saw the prisoner who had enlisted in the 1st Dragoon Guards—I charged him with stealing jewellery—he said he knew nothing about it—he reserved his defence—when the charge was read to him at the station he said he knew nothing about it, and "The reason I left was because the governor jawed me, and I will be jawed by no man."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-153-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-153-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-153-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-154">
<interp inst="t18980207-154" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-154" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-154-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-154-18980207 t18980207-154-offence-1 t18980207-154-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-154-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-154-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-154-18980207" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-154-18980207" type="surname" value="HOFFMANN"/>
<interp inst="def1-154-18980207" type="given" value="GERALD ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GERALD ARTHUR HOFFMANN</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-154-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-154-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-154-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering a bill of exchange for £375 with intent to defraud.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts.</hi>—For forging and uttering the acceptance.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GUY STEPHENSON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-77" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-77" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY FRASER"/>JOHN HENRY FRASER WALTERS</persName> </hi>. I am a Justice of the Peace for Norfolk—I live at Drayton House, and Old Capham, Norwich—I am a director of the Norwich Union Fire Association, in connection with which I made the prisoner's acquaintance in 1893 and 1894—he stayed with me as my guest from September 28th to October 1st, 1895—we are both interested in, and have sent each other, stamps—I have received the letters produced amongst others from him—I first saw this bill for £375 on January 28th—the signature, "John Henry Walter," and the letter of January 4th, 1898, are not mine, nor by my authority—I know nothing about them—the signature is like mine—[
<hi rend="italic">The letter purported to come from the prosecutor, and enclosed the bill of exchange, and stated, "I have never done this before" and complained of the prisoner not keeping his promise about some stamps</hi>]—when the prisoner was charged he looked me hard in the face, and said, "This is a bad business, I hope you will forgive me; I have been lead into it by others," and he hoped I would say no more about it—I said I was very sorry, but could take no other course—he said he did it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-78" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-78" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ABBOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On January 28th I saw the defendant at Chiswick—I said, "You are Mr. Hoffmann?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "I am a police officer of the City of London, where I am going to take you—you will be charged by Mr. Walters, of Norwich, with forging a bill of exchange drawn and endorsed by you, purporting to be accepted by Mr. Walters"—he said, "Yes, yes"—I said, "You call yourself G. A. Hoffman?"—he said, "Sometimes"—I showed him this letter, and said, "That is also a forgery"—he said, "Yes; shall I see Mr. Walters?"—I said, "Yes, when we get to the City"—in the train he said, "Do</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070016"/>
<p>you think there is any chance of getting this charge withdrawn?"—I said, "That is a matter entirely for Mr. Walters"—at the station, before he was charged, I heard him say to Mr. Walters that he had been led into this by others—these letten were handed to me by his wife at his house—this one I found in bis overcoat pocket, which was handed to me by the wife (
<hi rend="italic">An enquiry about discounting the bill</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-79" type="surname" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-79" type="given" value="GUSTAV"/>GUSTAV FRANK</persName> </hi>. I am a merchant, of 50, Lombard Street—I have known the prisoner a couple of years—I received this bill and letter on January 5th—the bill, except the signature, is written by my clerk—it was brought to me accepted—I did not discount the bill because inquiries I made were not satisfactory—I had the same day advanced the prisoner, by cheque,£50, but not in connection with this bill.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You gave me two bills that day, which were written out in my office—this one may have been written at my house—I was not pressed for money—you said you were going to raise £10,000 on some property—I took you to the Commercial Bank of Scotland—I did not ask you to get bills to discount, no matter where they were, so long as the people existed—you told me this was Mr. Walters' signature—you never told me you had got someone to write it without authority—you gave me another bill on November 27th—I have discounted other bills.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-80" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-80" type="surname" value="THORNBILL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-80" type="given" value="AUTHONY JOHN"/>AUTHONY JOHN THORNBILL</persName> </hi>. I live at Shotover Lodge, near Oxford—I know the prisoner—the acceptance on this bill is not mine, nor written by my authority.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not tell me subsequently that you had done it, nor that you had made out a bill for £500.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-81" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-81" type="given" value="JOSEPH MAITLAND"/>JOSEPH MAITLAND WILSON</persName> </hi>. I live at Langbam Hall, Bury St. Edmunds—I never knew the prisoner—this bill for £500, signed "A. Hoffman," is not accepted by me, nor by my authority—I know nothing about it, nor how he got my name—the letter signed "Joseph Wilson" is not mine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, stated that he had no intention to defraud, but to retire the bills.</hi>]</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-154-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-154-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-154-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">There were three other indictments against the prisoner.—
<rs id="t18980207-154-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-154-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-154-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-154-18980207 t18980207-154-punishment-19"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-155">
<interp inst="t18980207-155" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-155" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-155-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-155-18980207 t18980207-155-offence-1 t18980207-155-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-155-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-155-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-155-18980207" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-155-18980207" type="surname" value="MAURICE"/>
<interp inst="def1-155-18980207" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MAURICE</hi>
<rs id="t18980207-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-155-18980207 t18980207-alias-1"/>, otherwise
<hi rend="largeCaps">RIDGWAY</hi> (48)</rs> </persName>
<rs id="t18980207-155-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-155-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-155-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a snuff-box and bracelet, the property of
<persName id="t18980207-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-83" type="surname" value="BRAGG"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-83" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-155-offence-1 t18980207-name-83"/>Edward Bragg</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-84" type="surname" value="BRAGG"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-84" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BRAGG</persName> </hi>. I am a dealer in fine art property, at 26, Great Chappie Street, Westminster—about 9.15 on June 15th, 1896, the prisoner called and asked me if I knew De Waller—I asked, "Where?"—he said, "Of Birmingham"—I said, "I did"—he said, "De Waller had come to London and was staying at an hotel, and he had sent him to know if he had anything special"—I told him I could not attend to him then, but if he would bring De Waller with him I would show him a sapphire bracelet value £7 10s.—he said, "That would suit De Waller"—he said, "If you will let me have it I will go, and come back, and let you know whether it will suit him"—I told him I could not think of that sort of business, and suggested going to the hotel to show it to him—he said, "Very good"—we left the shop together—when within 20 yards of the hotel he said, "You had better let me take it up"</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070017"/>
<p>—I said, "I do not do anything of the kind"—he said, "Will you wait here, and I will go and see?"—he went and spoke to the porter, and returned and told me De "Waller was engaged, and asked if I would like to send it up—I said, "I shall do nothing of the kind"—he said, "We had better wait till the morning"—I said, "Very well," and we went into the Round House, Great Chappie Street, had a glass of beer, and arranged to meet at ten next morning—I was with him about half-an-hour—I left the shop about 10.10 next morning, and was away about an hour—on my return I found a man named Nicolay in the shop—my assistant spoke to me—I missed a diamond brooch and a sapphire bracelet, which together cost £19 10s.—I gave information to the police—Nicolay was arrested and has been convicted of stealing the property—I identified the prisoner at Edmonton from nine or ten men without Difficulty.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am not aware that any of the nine or ten men I, were policemen—I may have seen him before about Hatton Garden, but I know the face well.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The men were in a circle, and the prisoner was the fourth on the left.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-85" type="surname" value="PHILP"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-85" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS PHILP</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Bragg—on June 16th the prisoner and a Mr. McCulloch came into the shop, about 10.30 a.m.—the prisoner said he had just seen Mr. Bragg, and had come with a friend to look at the sapphire bracelet—Mr. Bragg's son, who was dressing the window, asked me to hand the bracelet—McCulloch sat on the other side of the table, and the bracelet was handed to the prisoner, who handed it to his friend—the prisoner then-asked young Mr. Bragg to show him a diamond snuff-box, which was handed to him—he received the bracelet from McCulloch—after they had looked at them a few minutes the prisoner asked for some small articles of jewellery to be handed to him from the window, which was done—these were looked at—the prisoner said, "Do you know Russian?"—I said, "No"—he said, "Can you speak French or German?"—I said, "I can speak French and German fairly well"—he said, You won't understand what we are talking about, because Russian is the language we jewellers make use of"—he came from the table and said, "I think I will take this bracelet, perhaps you can give me a piece of tissue paper to wrap it up in"—whilst I turned for the tissue paper the prisoner went out of the shop noiselessly, with the bracelet and snuff
<lb/>box, which have not been recovered—I went to the door and looked up and down, and walked up and down the street, but did not see him—I returned to McCulloch and said, "Your friend has gone away with the bracelet and diamond snuff
<lb/>box, I do not like it at all"—McCulloch said, "He has only gone away to show it to a friend, he will be back"—three or four minutes after he walked quietly out of the shop—I followed him—he was given into custody—he was convicted at Clerkenwell and sentenced to 12 months—on January 6th I identified the prisoner at Edmonton from seven or eight—I have not the least doubt of him—I recognized him as the man who had called the night before, or I should not have trusted him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had opportunities of seeing the prisoner during an hour and a quarter on the 15th and about a quarter of an hour on the 16th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-155-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-155-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-155-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-155-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-155-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-155-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-155-18980207 t18980207-155-punishment-20"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-156">
<interp inst="t18980207-156" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-156" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-156-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-156-18980207 t18980207-156-offence-1 t18980207-156-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070018"/>
<persName id="def1-156-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-156-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-156-18980207" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-156-18980207" type="surname" value="CHAMBERLAIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-156-18980207" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CHAMBERLAIN</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-156-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-156-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-156-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18980207-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-87" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-87" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-156-offence-1 t18980207-name-87"/>William Haynes</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ARTHUR GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HODGSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-88" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-88" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HAYNES</persName> </hi> (302
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). On October 4th, 1896, about eleven p.m., I was at the Junction Road police point with McCarthy (252
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>)—I saw the prisoner with Sidney George, and Charles Chamberlain coming along Junction Road, holloaing and shouting and using filthy language—opposite St. John's Road I requested them to desist several times, they did so, but commenced again their disorderly conduct—I followed and spoke to them again—McCarthy was behind me—I was struck a violent blow by Charles Chamberlain, and in the right eye by Sidney George—then the prisoner attacked me with blows on my head—I fell and became unconscious—I was helped by two private persons and taken to the police station—I was examined by the divisional surgeon—my face and tunic were covered with blood—there is a stab through the centre plate of my helmet, and four corresponding marks on the top of my head—I was on the sick list seven weeks—I identified the prisoner at 11.15 on January 15th from nine others, without difficulty.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not know you—I took out a warrant to arrest the three men—your name was in the warrant.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The brother was taken into custody the same night.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-89" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-89" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MCCARTHY</persName> </hi> (252
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). I was with Haynes and crossed the road to speak to the three men—I saw their faces—they went about 50-yards and commenced shouting again—I saw the prisoner and Sidney George strike Haynes about the face—he fell—I was about 10 yards behind—I rushed to Haynes' assistance, and I received a blow on my mouth from Charles Chamberlain—I closed with him—we both fell—I blew my whistle while on the ground—I saw the prisoner and Sidney George get off Haynes and leave him insensible on the ground—two gentlemen picked Haynes up and another gentleman came, to my assistance—I took Charles in custody, and the two gentlemen took Haynes to the station where he was seen by the divsional surgeon—I had not seen the men before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-90" type="surname" value="RATTRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-90" type="given" value="PATRICK WHITE"/>PATRICK WHITE RATTRAY</persName> </hi>. I am surgeon of the Y Division—I saw Haynes about 11.30 on October 4th, 1896—he was suffering from nervous shock, had lost a great deal of blood, and on the left side of his neck, face, and scalp were seven separate and distinct stabs caused by a knife—the most serious wound was in the neck, it was about 1/4 in. long and 3/4 in. deep, opening the wind pipe—the next dangerous wound was behind the left ear, 1 1/2 in. long and I in deep, near the vital structure of the neck—below the ear was another wound on the left cheek, 3/4 in long, another on the temple, 3/4 in. long and 3/4 in. deep—this corresponded with the helmet stab—there were three other wounds of a corresponding character—he was on the sick list seven weeks—he has now quite recovered—he was two months from duty.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-91" type="surname" value="RUSSENT"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-91" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS RUSSENT</persName> </hi> (637
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). In January this year I saw the prisoner about 11.15 p.m. in the Hoiloway Road—I told him I should arrest him on a warrant for unlawfully and maliciously wounding police constable Haynes on October 4th, 1896, &c.—he replied, "I know nothing about it, you have got the wrong man"—on the way to the police station he said, "If I had known you had been coming I would have had two or three bits of lead ready for you"—about 10 yards from the station he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070019"/>
<p>said he wanted to see the warrant—I told him it was not worth while, I would show it to him when we got to the station—the warrant was read to him—I had seen him before, T believe he is a native—I had been searching for him—his brother Charles was sentenced to five years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-92" type="surname" value="MITCUINER"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-92" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT MITCUINER</persName> </hi> (17
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). I took the charge against the prisoner—I read it over to him—he replied, "I know nothing about it I can bring witnesses to prove that I was not there."—I asked if I should com
<lb/>municate with them—he replied, "No, I may as well be in prison as out."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, stated that he had been sentenced at the North London Police Court to three months' imprisonment, and had pro
<lb/>mised to go out of the neighbourhood; that he went to Southend, and when he came back he was arrested; that</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">years ago he had been apprehended in mistake for his brother on a charge of stabbing, and had never been able to work since in the neighbourhood, and that he knew nothing about this case.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-156-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-156-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-156-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-156-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-156-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-156-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-156-18980207 t18980207-156-punishment-21"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-157">
<interp inst="t18980207-157" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-157" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-157-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-157-18980207 t18980207-157-offence-1 t18980207-157-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-157-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-157-18980207 t18980207-157-offence-1 t18980207-157-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-157-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-157-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-157-18980207" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-157-18980207" type="surname" value="LANGLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-157-18980207" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT LANGLEY</hi> (21)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-157-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-157-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-157-18980207" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-157-18980207" type="surname" value="COVE"/>
<interp inst="def2-157-18980207" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK COVE</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-157-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-157-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-157-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18980207-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-95" type="surname" value="SANCHEZ"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-95" type="given" value="JUAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-157-offence-1 t18980207-name-95"/>Juan Sanchez</persName>, and stealing 4s., his money.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COWEN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-96" type="surname" value="SANCHEZ"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-96" type="given" value="JUAN"/>JUAN SANCHEZ</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I live at Prince of Wales' Crescent—on January 19th I was in the Chalk Farm Road with my can, selling baked potatoes—I knew the prisoners—they came and took some potatoes—I said, "Tou must not take them, because I have to account for them to my governor"—Cove struck me on my right eye with a beer pot "Langley offered to fight—I refused—he gave me a blow on my eye with his fist—I threw him to the ground and fell on the top of him—I was stunned—I missed 1s. 6d. silver and 2s. 6d. coppers from my left trousers pocket—when I recovered and tried to take my can and barrow, Cove upset my potato can in the street—Fraser came to my assistance.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-97" type="surname" value="FRASER"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-97" type="given" value="HERBERT ALFRED"/>HERBERT ALFRED FRASER</persName> </hi>. I am a leather-seller's assistant—I live at 17, Frederick Street—I saw the prisoners enticing the prosecutor to fight—they said "Wont you fight like ft man?"—he said "Me want no fight," and wrested one of them away from his can—Langley tried to hit him, but the prosecutor held up a piece of gaspipe and kept him off—there was a tussle and both fell in the gutter—Cove got to his left hand and rifled his pockets—the prosecutor got up and ran away with his barrow—Cove, when he saw Langley get a cut on his head, snatched the bar and ran after the prosecutor and overtook him—I next heard a crash and saw the potatoe can had gone over—Cove was standing over the barrow—I said "you have no business to do that," or to that effect—Cove threw the same gaspipe or iron bar at me, I bobbed down and it went over my head—the prisoners ran away—I went to fetch a constable off point duty—I identified the prisoners the next night—I am quite sure of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-98" type="surname" value="HEARNE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-98" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY HEARNE</persName> </hi> (584
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). On January 19th, about 10.45 p.m., I went to the North-Western public-house in Ferdinand Street, where the prose
<lb/>cutor pointed out Langley—I arrested him—I had arrested Cove, who was standing at the bar but rushed into the taproom—I told them the charge—Langley said "I admit being there, but not the assault."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Langley, in his defence, stated that the prosecutor had often offered them potatoes, but this night he threatened him with the iron bar, and he had to defend himself. Cove said that it was impossible to take 2s. 6d. in coppers and</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d. in silver from the prosecutor's pocket without being seen.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070020"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-99" type="surname" value="FRASER"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-99" type="given" value="HERBERT ALFRED"/>HERBERT ALFRED FRASER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I saw no one else interfere—I saw Cove's hand in the prosecutor's pocket.</p>
<rs id="t18980207-157-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-157-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-157-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> of Robbery only.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-157-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-157-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-157-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-157-18980207 t18980207-157-punishment-22"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-157-18980207 t18980207-157-punishment-22"/>Six Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-158">
<interp inst="t18980207-158" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-158" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-158-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-158-18980207 t18980207-158-offence-1 t18980207-158-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-158-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-158-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-158-18980207" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-158-18980207" type="surname" value="CRUNDLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-158-18980207" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT CRUNDLE</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-158-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-158-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-158-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a chest and 112lbs. of tea belonging to
<persName id="t18980207-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-101" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-101" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-158-offence-1 t18980207-name-101"/>David Baker</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BOND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-102" type="surname" value="CHILVERS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-102" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CHILVERS</persName> </hi>. I live at 23, Leamington Street, City Road—I am carman to David Baker of 14, Pancras Road, King's Cross—he carries for the Clyde Shipping Company—on January 11th I loaded my van at Nightingale Wharf with 11 chests of tea by about four o'clock—I was driving through Ayr Street into Slater Street about 4.45—one chest was on the tail-board—meeting the prisoner's van I looked to see that he had not knocked it off, and it was gone—I next saw the prisoner fixing my chest in his van—I ran through the dark arches there, and caught his van—he was driving it—it belonged to Harper, of Bethnal Green Road—I went to his horse's head and pulled the horse up—he got out at the tail-board and ran away—I spoke to a constable, and took the chest back to my van—there was a hundredweight of tea in it—on the Saturday I identified the prisoner at the Commercial Street police-station from a number—I had seen him before in my travels.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I left no one in charge of my van—I did not see you take the tea—I did not say at the police-court that I did.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-103" type="surname" value="HARPER"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-103" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HARPER</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, of 13, Gibraltar Walk—I have let the prisoner a van on several occasions—I let him one on January 11th, about 4.20 or 4.30 o'clock—I next saw it at the police-station the same night at five o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-104" type="surname" value="TURN"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-104" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD TURN</persName> </hi> (288
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I was in Bethnal Green on January 11th—about five p.m. Chilvers complained to me, and pointed to a chest of tea in a van standing opposite his van—no one was in the van—I took the horse and van to the station—it was claimed by Mr. Harper, whose name was on it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The chest of tea was on the tail-board—Chilvers put it on his own van.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-105" type="surname" value="WENSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-105" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WENSLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H</hi>). On January 15th, about ten a.m., I was in the New Road with Detective Smith—I saw the prisoner at a public-house bar—I told him I should take him into custody on suspicion of stealing a chest of tea on January 11th—I took him to the station—on the way he said, "I hope you will act fair and not put me away"—he was identified from 12 men by Chilvers and by Harper as the man to whom he had let the van.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-106" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-106" type="given" value="CHARLEY"/>CHARLEY SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H</hi>). I was present when the prisoner was identified by Chilvers and Harper—there was no communication between them—the prisoner said, "Are you getting it up for m"—I said, "No"—he said, "I shall plead guilty, and try and get it settled here. I was all by myself when I did it."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I put that down at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, stated that he lent his van to another "chap" with whom he was having a drink, and that he was at home before</hi> 4.45.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-158-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-158-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-158-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>*†.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at Clerkenwell in May</hi>, 1892.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-158-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-158-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-158-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-158-18980207 t18980207-158-punishment-23"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-159">
<interp inst="t18980207-159" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-159" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-159-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-159-18980207 t18980207-159-offence-1 t18980207-159-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-159-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-159-18980207 t18980207-159-offence-1 t18980207-159-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070021"/>
<persName id="def1-159-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-159-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-159-18980207" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-159-18980207" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-159-18980207" type="given" value="GEORGE JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE JOHN SMITH</hi> (34)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-159-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-159-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-159-18980207" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def2-159-18980207" type="surname" value="DACEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-159-18980207" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK DACEY</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-159-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-159-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-159-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18980207-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-109" type="surname" value="NELSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-109" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-159-offence-1 t18980207-name-109"/>Joseph Nelson</persName>, and stealing 17s. 6d., his money.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TODD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROACH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Dacey.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-110" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-110" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CLARKE</persName> </hi> (279
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). About five o'clock, on January 15th, I was on duty in Commercial Street with Woman—I saw the prisoners throw the prosecutor against the wall—Smith put his shoulder against the prosecutor's chest, and put his hands in his pockets—I ran after him, and caught him with four half-crowns in his hand—I took him to the station—letting Dacey go, as it is a rough neighbourhood and I knew him—three hours afterwards I saw Dacey in Shoreditch, and told him the charge—the prosecutor failed to identify Dacey, but I am positive, I have known him six years.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Smith.</hi> You did not walk pass me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROACH</hi>. I was five or six yards off the robbery—at the corner of Wheeler Street there is the I here Crowns public-house—the corner is rounded off, so that I could see—the house was not fully lighted—Dacey held the prosecutor against the wall and Smith went through his pockets—I was in uniform—Dacey did not attempt to get away when I arrested him at the corner of Commercial Street and High Street, Shoreditch, about 200 yards from the robbery.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-111" type="surname" value="NELSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-111" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH NELSON</persName> </hi>. I am a joiner, of Avenue Road, Lewisham—on January 15th, between four and five p.m., I was in a street leading off Commercial Street, making my way to Church Street—I stopped for per
<lb/>sonal convenience—Dacey held my head against the wall and I felt someone go down my trousers pockets—I lost eight half-crowns and two shillings—I gave an alarm—a sovereign was left untouched in another pocket—the prisoners ran away—I followed but lost sight of them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Smith.</hi> I did not fall over a private door-step—I did not refuse to take the silver from a boy—when you saw a constable you released me—the police overtook you, you did not go past them—there were two policemen—they said "Keep close behind" and I followed to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROACH</hi>. There was not much light where I stopped—the attack lasted two or three minutes—I was convinced of Dacey's identity when I saw his face in full daylight; I had seen him in a semi-dark corridor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-112" type="surname" value="WORMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-112" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WORMAN</persName> </hi> (333
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I was with Clarke and saw the prisoners with the prosecutor against the wall, and chased them down Pearl Street for about 70 yards, where Dacey passed me, and being a rough neighbour
<lb/>hood, and knowing him, we followed, and Clarke caught Smith and took four half-crowns out of his hand.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Smith.</hi> I saw you rubbing the prosecutor down.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROACH</hi>. I knew Decay—I was obliged to formally identify him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' statements before the Magistrate:</hi> Smith says, "I was the worse for drink. I know this man alongside me was not with me, and had nothing to do with it." Dacey says, "I am innocent."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Smith, in his defence, stated that the prosecutor was drunk, and fell over a doorstep, that he went to help him up. A boy picked up some money which, as the prosecutor refused, he determined to keep, when he was given in charge, and that the prosecutor varied in stating what he had lost, from</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and then four half-crowns.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070022"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-159-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-159-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-159-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SMITH</hi>**†
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at Worship Street in May</hi>, 1897,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DACEY</hi> **†
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at the Middlesex Sessions, in February</hi>, 1886.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-159-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-159-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-159-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-159-18980207 t18980207-159-punishment-24"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-159-18980207 t18980207-159-punishment-24"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, February</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 10
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-160">
<interp inst="t18980207-160" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-160" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-160-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-160-18980207 t18980207-160-offence-1 t18980207-160-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-160-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-160-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-160-18980207" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-160-18980207" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-160-18980207" type="given" value="RICHARD JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD JOHN LEWIS</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-160-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-160-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-160-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Fraudulently obtaining from
<persName id="t18980207-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-114" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-114" type="given" value="HARRY LANGTON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-160-offence-1 t18980207-name-114"/>Harry Langton Harrison</persName> £4 5s.—
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts.</hi> For obtaining other sums from other persons.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-115" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-115" type="given" value="HENRY LANGTON"/>HENRY LANGTON HARRISON</persName> </hi>. I keep the Albion, Caledonian Road—on November 23rd, the prisoner came in and asked me to cash a cheque for him for £4 12s.—having cashed one before for him, I gave it to him part in coppers and part in gold, paid the cheque into my bank next day and it was returned marked "Refer to drawer"—I saw the prisoner next day, he said "I will see if I can send you the money for it"—I saw him again before he was arrested.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I took an order from you for printing, the work was done and I owe you £2 6s. 3d. at the present time, but I did not then, because the work was not completed—I mentioned that to the Magistrate when I got the warrant.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The warrant was issued on my information.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-116" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-116" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MURRAY</persName> </hi>. I am a licensed victualler of 11, High Street, Islington—on December 1st, the prisoner asked me for the loan of 10s. till he got his cheque book, which he sent for and gave me this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) for £5 10s. which I paid into my bank next morning and it came back marked N. S., it was put in the ordinary course, and came back a second time—I had cashed cheques six weeks before for the prisoner for similar amounts—I called at the prisoner's office but did not see him—I received this letter from him (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that he should not have given the cheque if he had not some good accounts to collect next day.</hi>) Two days after that, I received this telegram from him "Don't pass cheque till you see me to-night"—that was handed in at Victoria, L. and S. W. Railway, and came to Goswell Road, I did not see him that night.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Your clerk did not call on me—your wife came on your behalf, and the clerk came with her, but I did not speak to him—your wife called several times to see me—I was away ill at the seaside—I do not know that she said that if Phanded back the cheque she would pay me the money—you had two glasses of champagne, but I had none.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-117" type="surname" value="BROADHURST"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-117" type="given" value="EDWIN ALBERT"/>EDWIN ALBERT BROADHURST</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Albion, 2, 3 and 4, New Bridge Street—on December 28th the prisoner came and asked me to change a cheque for £2 5s.—I paid it into the bank, and it was returned marked, "Refer to drawer"—I received this letter: "Dear Sir, I am a little overdrawn; should my cheque be returned I will give you the cash this evening"—he did not give me the cash.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have cashed cheques for you before for £4 and £2—the first one came back marked, "Refer to drawer," and I had some difficulty in getting it—this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) may be it—I cannot remember whether you were the drawer—I believe it was to Mr. Beaumont—this cheque was given in the place of it—Mr. Beaumont came round very</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070023"/>
<p>indignant that you should take such a liberty—I thought I was obliging Mr. Beaumont—I bent it back to you and you sent me another cheque.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-118" type="surname" value="BIDDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-118" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER BIDDELL</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the London and County Bank, Aldersgate Street branch—the prisoner opened an account there on October 29th, 1897; it was closed at the end of the year—there had been irregularities, several of his cheques were returned and we wrote to him on that account on November 25th—on November 23rd his balance was 18s. 4d., on December 1st 18s. 4d., and on December 28th 3s. 4d.—three cheques had been drawn and he had not sufficient to meet any one of them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You wrote for your pass book but I have not got your letter here, it was made up to November 22nd when you had 18s. 4d. there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> We informed him on December 30th that he had no longer an account there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-119" type="surname" value="GODLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-119" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GODLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant G</hi>). On January 22nd I arrested the prisoner at Mentone Road, Highbury—I went to his bedroom and said, "Mr. Lewis"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "You will have to get up and come with me, I am a police officer"'—he said, "It has come to this has it; Mr. Murray promised my wife that if the money was there by Friday that would do"—I said, "This is not Mr. Murray's case, this is Harrison's case"—he said, "Harrison owes me money."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-120" type="surname" value="BARHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-120" type="given" value="FREDERICK JAMES"/>FREDERICK JAMES BARHAM</persName> </hi>. I was the prisoner's clerk and collector 10 weeks, but at present I am doing nothing—the agreement was for 25s. and five per cent, commission. I do not remember the date when he sent me for his pass book—I know that he insured his life, and he told me that it was to raise money on the policy to meet these liabilities.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe I cashed a cheque for him on the London and County Bank—I tried to cash one but was refused—he gave me a cheque for my wages, which was dishonoured—I had deposited £10 with him as security for my honesty, and have never had it back—I have asked him for it, and he promised to pay me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-121" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-121" type="given" value="HENRY WITHRALL"/>HENRY WITHRALL SIMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am a stationer, of 62, Strand—we did some printing for the prisoner—I know that he insured his life to raise money to meet his liabilities.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know this cheque for £10 (
<hi rend="italic">Dated November</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>)—I lent him £10, and he gave me a cheque for it neit day, we were mutually obliging each other, and I gave him a cheque for £10—my cheque was honoured, and the one he gave me in exchange was dishonoured.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-122" type="surname" value="BIDDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-122" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER BIDDELL</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> On November 18th, there was £5 13s. 4d. to the prisoner's account—this account was different from an ordinary current account, there were no payments on it and there was a very small balance; 3s. 4d.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, stated that this was an accommodation account, that he drank champagne wften he was not sober, and when Mr. Harrison asked him to give him a cheque he did so, and contended that if he had intended fraud he should have drawn for larger amounts, and that he made no attempt to evade arrest.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-160-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-160-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-160-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction on April</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070024"/>
<hi rend="italic">of obtaining money by false pretences in the name of Richard Johnson, and several other convictions were proved against him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-160-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-160-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-160-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-160-18980207 t18980207-160-punishment-25"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-161">
<interp inst="t18980207-161" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-161" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-161-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-161-18980207 t18980207-161-offence-1 t18980207-161-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-161-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-161-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-161-18980207" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-161-18980207" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-161-18980207" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BUTCHER</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-161-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-161-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-161-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, Assaulting
<persName id="t18980207-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-124" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-124" type="surname" value="BEAVON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-124" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-161-offence-1 t18980207-name-124"/>Jane Beavon</persName> with intent to ravish her.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BRUCE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18980207-161-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-161-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-161-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of an indecent assault</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-161-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-161-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-161-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-161-18980207 t18980207-161-punishment-26"/>One Day's Imprisonment, having been three weeks in custody</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-162">
<interp inst="t18980207-162" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-162" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-162-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-162-18980207 t18980207-162-offence-1 t18980207-162-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-162-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-162-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-18980207" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-18980207" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-18980207" type="given" value="GEO"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEO. WALTERS</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-162-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-162-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-162-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18980207-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-126" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-126" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-162-offence-1 t18980207-name-126"/>William Lawrence</persName>, and stealing a pipe, a pouch, and six shillings, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CONDY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-127" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>. I am a certified bailiff of 40, Town Road, Edmonton—on January 17th I was in the King's Head public-house, Gibbons and Pluck and the prisoner were there—my friend Gibbons asked me to have a glass of ale—I drank it and came out—Pluck told me to keep my own company, and put his hand out to push me, but I went out—that was about 9.50—the prisoner followed me out—I went towards the Exhibition and then to the Cross Keys, the prisoner followed me, I called for a glass of ale—the prisoner came up and I said "You can have one if you like"—
<hi rend="italic">Darky</hi> Prior was with me—we went out and when we got to a place where there were trees, the prisoner came up and threw me down and took away my money from my pocket, and a pipe with amber and silver mountings, and a pouch and handbag—when I came to, my pockets were turned out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I was not struck in the house by Pluck and knocked down—the barman did not jump over the counter—there are no houses there, there is a hedge about 20 yards high—we were not gambling in the public-house—you came out with me and caught hold of my arm—you did not say "Come, Mr. Lawrence, you are getting drunk, come away"—you tripped me up and as I was falling on my face I looked up and saw you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-128" type="surname" value="JENNINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-128" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED JENNINGS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). I took the prisoner on January 17th and said, "I shall arrest you"—he said, "What for"—I said "The pouch, pipe, and 6s."—he said, "That is all right, I had a drink with him in the King's Head and he had a pipe, and that is where he got his face; I went into the other bar."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Lawrence made "his statement two days afterwards—I said, "Why did not you come to me?"—he said, "I did not think it necessary to inform the police then"—his face was bruised—he said, "I was trying to find the second man"—he laid on a settee or armchair—he said, "If you send for ray brother and sister they can prove what time I came home"—they said that you came home shortly after 10 or 10.30.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-129" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-129" type="given" value="ALFRED JOHN"/>ALFRED JOHN WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the King's Head, Lower Edmonton—on the night of January 17th a disturbance took place between Lawrence and Mr. Pluck—they were sober—a blow was struck on Mr. Lawrence and knocked him against the woodwork; he had been drinking—I did not see him strike Pluck—I called a constable—Lawrence had no mark or injury or black eye when he left—I do not know who left first—I did not see a meerschaum pipe, I never saw him with one.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070025"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Pluck did strike him, and I jumped over the bar and called a constable—I only wanted Lawrence ejected because he appeared quarrelsome.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-130" type="surname" value="DRISCOLL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-130" type="given" value="JEROME"/>JEROME DRISCOLL</persName> </hi> (372
<hi rend="italic">N</hi>). I am stationed at Edmonton—on January 17th, I saw Lawrence at the King's Head—he came out quietly, at the centre door, which was unfastened—he appeared to have drank something—the prisoner came out and caught hold of his right arm, and said "You had better come home; I will see you home"—Lawrence resisted—no other man was with the prisoner when I saw him—there were no marks on Lawrence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-131" type="surname" value="SEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-131" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SEWELL</persName> </hi>. On January 17th, I was barman at the Ring's Head, Edmonton—the prisoner was there—he was not smoking—he showed me a pipe, and asked me to buy it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot say what day it was—it was an acorn pipe—nobody has forced me to come and say this.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The Sergeant asked me, last Friday night if I had seen a pipe—I said, "Yes"—Alfred Wilson was in the bar—I knew next day that Lawrence had been robbed of an acorn pipe—I never saw one like it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-132" type="surname" value="MOLSEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-132" type="given" value="HARRIETT"/>HARRIETT MOLSEY</persName> </hi>. I am a charwoman—on January 17th I was in the King's Head and saw Laurence there—he was a little the worse for drink—Mr. Flood knocked him down against the woodwork, and a constable came—he was paying for drink for all, but not for me, I was with my husband</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-133" type="surname" value="JENNINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-133" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED JENNINGS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I took a statement from Sewell he said "
<hi rend="italic">Alf</hi> saw the pipe too" and he signed my book.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-134" type="surname" value="FLOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-134" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FLOOD</persName> </hi>. I am a barman—on January 17th I was in the King's Head and pushed Lawrence against the partition and told him I did not want his company.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-135" type="surname" value="PRIOR"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-135" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL PRIOR</persName> </hi>. My nick
<lb/>name is
<hi rend="italic">Darkey</hi> Prior—on January 17th, after the King's Head, the prisoner and I went to the Exhibition beer-house and from there to the Cross Keys, and then to the King's Head again, where Lawrence gave the prisoner sixpence, and the prisoner and I came out and left him there, I said good night to the prisoner and went up the Town Road in the opposite direction—that was about 9.45.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I noticed the time because it was 10.15 when I got home—I generally get home between seven and eight—I got home the night before about 10.30—I generally make it a rule to get home early, it is not often that I am out late—I first remembered the time when the prisoner's brother came up as a witness—I swore before the Magistrate that I left the King's Arms at 10.45 or 10.50—I read my deposition and signed it because I expected it to be right—it was not read over to me by the Magistrates' clerk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I first saw the prisoner about 7.45—I left Lawrence in the private bar of the King's Head and went in the direction of Town Road—I was convicted some time ago of attempting to steal from the person, and got six months—I did not also get 18 months for sheep stealing, that was the prosecutor—my first conviction was for flower stealing, I was tried at Enfield—I have been convicted of flower stealing four times and also of housebreaking.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-136" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-136" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Not a word of what the last witness has said is true.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070026"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-137" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-137" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-137" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE WALTERS</persName> </hi>. I am single and am the prisoner's sister—I am a waitress at Richardson's, 49, Mile End Road—the prisoner came home on this night between five and ten minutes past ten—he had been drinking</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He had had a few words with me in the morning, and he brought it up again at night, and we had a few words—the detective asked me at what time my brother came in; I did not tell him 10.30., I said "Between five and ten minutes past ten" when I went to see my brother in the police-court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-138" type="surname" value="JENNINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-138" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED JENNINGS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) While her brother was waiting at the station she came and asked "What time did this occur?"he said "Half past seven" she said "That is not right he was indoors and was going to assault me."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-139" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-139" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer—on January 17th, at 8.30 I went into the King's Head and saw the prisoner and Mr. Prior, they called for a drink and I never saw them more that night, but they went out and had a
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> with Mr. Pluck—I left the King's Head at 10.30, Lawrence was then there—the prisoner had left about 9.40</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Lawrence was in the King's Head till about twenty minutes or half past ten.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence:</hi> The Prosecutor says he was in the King's Head and I was not drinking with him, he says Mr. Flood did not push him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-162-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-162-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-162-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-163">
<interp inst="t18980207-163" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-163" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-163-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-163-18980207 t18980207-163-offence-1 t18980207-163-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-163-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-163-18980207 t18980207-163-offence-1 t18980207-163-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-163-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-163-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-18980207" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-18980207" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-18980207" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEONARD HUGHES</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-163-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-163-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-163-18980207" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="def2-163-18980207" type="given" value="EMANUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMANUEL HUGHES</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18980207-163-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-163-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-163-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>Stealing a mare the property of
<persName id="t18980207-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-142" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-142" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-163-offence-1 t18980207-name-142"/>William James Moore</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROCHE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Mr. Purcell stated that the prisoners would withdraw their pleas and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEAD GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">upon which the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found them</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-163-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-163-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-163-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-163-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-163-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-163-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-163-18980207 t18980207-163-punishment-27"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-163-18980207 t18980207-163-punishment-27"/>Three Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-164">
<interp inst="t18980207-164" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-164" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-164-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-164-18980207 t18980207-164-offence-1 t18980207-164-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-164-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-164-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-18980207" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-18980207" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-18980207" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT EDWARD KNIGHT</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-164-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-164-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-164-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18980207-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-144" type="surname" value="BANDY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-144" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-164-offence-1 t18980207-name-144"/>Thomas Bandy</persName> with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEWART</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prosecutor stated that he used insulting language to the prisoner who then knocked him down, upon which Mr. Stewart withdrew from the prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-164-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-164-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-164-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-29">
<interp inst="t18980207-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-29" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-18980207 t18980207-29-offence-1 t18980207-29-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-29-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18980207" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18980207" type="surname" value="LABAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18980207" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERBERT LABAN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Committing an act of gross indecency.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner stated in the hearing of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">that he was</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">upon which they found him</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He received an excellent character</hi></p>
<rs id="t18980207-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18980207-29-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-29-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-29-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-18980207 t18980207-29-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-165">
<interp inst="t18980207-165" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-165" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-165-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-165-18980207 t18980207-165-offence-1 t18980207-165-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-165-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-165-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-165-18980207" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-165-18980207" type="surname" value="IMBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-165-18980207" type="given" value="AUGUST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AUGUST IMBERT</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-165-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-165-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-165-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing a coat, nine shirts, and other articles, and 7s. 6d. in money, the property of
<persName id="t18980207-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-147" type="surname" value="FLEMING"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-147" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-165-offence-1 t18980207-name-147"/>Jacob Fleming</persName>, on a vessel, in a basin, on the
<placeName id="t18980207-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-165-offence-1 t18980207-geo-1"/>Thames</placeName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LATHAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COUNSEL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-148" type="surname" value="FLEMING"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-148" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB FLEMING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted.</hi>) I am a tailor, of 5, Montague Place—I have been in England over six months—I did not know the prisoner before I met him on the ship—I was sitting in a restaurant, and he came in and said, "I have got a ticket for sale"—that was before the Jewish New Year (
<hi rend="italic">September</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>)—he said it would take me to America—he wanted 25s. for it—we went to a countryman of mine, at No. 7, in the same court, Abraham Jacobs—I borrowed £2 from him, and gave the man 12s. for the ticket, and the remainder I was to pay on the ship—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070027"/>
<p>prisoner went away, and said, "I shall come back on Tuesday, and shall take your tilings, and we will go on board"—he came back on Tuesday, and said, "The ship will not sail before Wednesday, you must wait"—on Wednesday he came into my room, and we went with the box on board—it contained a suit, three white shirts, six under-waistcoats, six pairs of drawers, and other wearing apparel—the prisoner said, "I am the cattle
<lb/>man on the ship, I am the whole manager; the box is not safe in your possession, I am the captain, and I have got a separate room, and it is better for you to give me the box"—he spoke in English, not in Yiddish—I understand English, but I do not speak it—he took the box away and kept it—he told me to go to bed—he came back again and woke me up, with another man, and asked for some money—I said, "I have 5s., I can give you that"—he asked if I had got any more money, and I turned out my Dockets and showed him I had not got any more—he then told me to go to sleep—when I woke up I found my box in the cabin, in front of the bed: I was surprised—I went down and looked at it—the lock was broken—I opened it and the box was empty—before that the prisoner had been and taken away my ticket—it was just dawning—I went on deck and complained to the captain of the ship—he asked for my ticket, and did not understand me, and ordered me off the ship, and I had to go with my empty box—I informed the police—about twelve o'clock the same day I showed the policeman the place, but I could not make him understand about the box—on January 9th, I met the prisoner in Brick Lane—I said "How are you?"What have you done with my things? What about the money?"—he took a ticket out of his pocket and handed it to me, and said, "Don't bother me"—this is the ticket. [
<hi rend="italic">This stated that A. Imbert was a native of New York, aged</hi> 33,
<hi rend="italic">and was a cattleman, and that the holder of the ticket would be allowed to enter the United States on presentation of this certificate by the Emigration Inspector—Signed by the deputy collector.</hi>] I gave the prisoner in charge—I had never been to the Docks before; I went with the prisoner and my box—I went down to the Docks with a constable, on Friday, and pointed out the spot to him where the ship was before she sailed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I took the prisoner to Jacobs when he gave me this ticket—I could not speak to the policeman then—I asked him to come to my friend's place—a policeman was sent for, and I gave the prisoner into custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner told me to take the ticket—he said, "Don't bother me, and you can go to America with this"—he went to my friend's house with me, and I had the ticket in my hand and showed it to all of them, and said, "With that ticket I can go to America"—the prisoner did not say, "That ticket is not for sale, it is my pass"—I said, "Is it like the ticket you gave me?"—he said, "No,"—another man was present—I know him, his name is
<hi rend="italic">Mike</hi>—do not know if he is here—he can speak English and Yiddish—I asked him to translate it to me—
<hi rend="italic">Mike</hi> is a Jewish boy—he does not live with me, but in the same court—I only know him from the restaurant—I was going with
<hi rend="italic">Mike</hi> down Brick Lane, and I met the prisoner, and then
<hi rend="italic">Mike</hi> myself, and the prisoner followed to the place where my friend lived—my friend Jacob speaks English and Yiddish—I live at No. 5 and he lives at No. 7 in the same court—I went to him with my empty box and showed it to him—I asked him to go to the police with me—he said, "I am very</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070028"/>
<p>busy, I have not got time"—I had never, to my knowledge, seen the prisoner before—he spoke to me first at the restaurant, and asked me if I would buy a ticket—that was on the Saturday before the Jewish holiday, but I do not know if it was a fortnight or a week before—I showed the policeman my empty box in the Docks—I made myself under
<lb/>stood as well as I could—he could not understand me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The ticket the prisoner sold me was similar to this one, only half as large—I do not know where
<hi rend="italic">Mike</hi> is.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-149" type="surname" value="LANGLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-149" type="given" value="ALBERT JOHN"/>ALBERT JOHN LANGLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Dock Constable.</hi>) On August 26th a man, not the prosecutor, came to me and said he had been swindled out of 30s. or £1 and some clothes taken from his box—he came from the cattle
<hi rend="italic">Europe</hi>—I saw the prosecutor, he did not complain to me—I think he had a box with him, I did not see him complain to anybody but there were other constables about—I have seen the prisoner going backwards and forwards as a cattleman—the
<hi rend="italic">Europe</hi> sailed that morning from Shed 22, at 12.30, and I did not see the prisoner there after that—I reported the circumstances to my inspector—we went through the ship as carefully as we could but failed to find the prisoner—I came to the City the next day to see if I could trace him—from the description given me the prisoner resembles him very much—we often have this sort of thing, a man brings people down to the ship and asks them for 30s. or £1 and then goes away and the people go on board and they are asked what they want and say "I have paid my fare"—I did not see the prisoner again till I went to Worship Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When the complaint was made to me, I went on board and the person who had complained was ordered off, and I said I thought I was justified to search the ship and he allowed me to do so and we failed to find anybody—we asked the chief officer for the names of his crew, but we did not know the prisoner's name then—I could trace a man if he was on board the ship by applying at the offices, if he went by that name.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I could get the information now from the Board of Trade, it is the Puritan Line. (
<hi rend="italic">The Witness was ordered to obtain the information.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, February 10th.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examination continued.</hi> I have inquired at Leadenhall Street but they know nothing about the prisoner—the ships do not sail from London at all, and that Line does not go to Baltimore—it is not the North King Line—he gave the Puritan Line—the King Line sails from Boston—the steamers do not go to Baltimore, they only go from Hamburg to Gravesend, that is the North King Line—I did not inquire as to any record of the names of the men on the s.s.
<hi rend="italic">Europe</hi>, I was late and the office was closed—they told me last evening that directly the men get home with the cattle they are discharged—they pay them £5 a month—when I searched the ship the prosecutor was there, and he complained to me—I did not see the prisoner on board, I have seen him before, going backwards and forwards to the
<hi rend="italic">Sweet Briar</hi>—he was arrested in Whitechapel—I think I saw him the same evening—the other prosecutor said he had been robbed of 30s., and gave the name of Percy Hamilton, and said that when he went to the ship
<hi rend="italic">Europe</hi> nothing was known of the transaction—he described the man as about 5 feet 7 inches high, brown hands and side whiskers—I believe he has gone away to America</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070029"/>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. This was on August 6th—I did not see the prisoner when he was arrested, not before I went to Worship Street—he had not the same amount of hair then, his hair has grown since—I cannot swear that I saw the prisoner in the Docks that morning but about that time, and the
<hi rend="italic">Europe</hi> was lying there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-150" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-150" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM JACOBS</persName> </hi>. I am a book-maker, of 7, Montague Place—the boy Fleming came to me when he first arrived in England—he did not often bring people to my house, but he brought the prisoner—that is nearly six months ago, two or three weeks before the Jewish New Year—Fleming handed me £2, and asked one to get his money, and on the Saturday he asked me if I had got his money—I said, "What do you want the money for"—I gave him £1 of it when he bought the ticket—the prisoner was not present at first, but he came round and said he wanted to buy a ticket for America—I gave him the £2 to pay for the ticket—I sent the prosecutor to call the prisoner in to me—he came in, and I said to the prisoner, "You have got a ticket for America"—he said, "Yes"—I said to him, "You leave the ticket to-night, and if you come round in the morning I will give you the money for it"—he came round that night, and I said, "Excuse me, I have not been able to get the money yet; you must come next day"—he came round next day about dinner-time, and the prosecutor gave him 12s. on the ticket, and the other 13s. he had to give him on the ship—he said, "I will come round for you on Tuesday night and take you to the docks, and then I will come with you to Philadelphia"—he came round again the same night, and said, "The ship don't go away to-night, it will go away to-morrow," and when he came again on Tuesday night I said, "Be so kind as to look after him"—he came again on Wednesday, and I said, "Please be so kind as to take care of him, and look after him"—he said, "Yes," I will look after him; I will look after all the things"—so he took the box and the clothes, and they went away with them—the prosecutor came the next day, Thursday, with his empty box—yesterday three weeks Fleming came round with this man, from whom he had bought the ticket, and
<hi rend="italic">Mike</hi> to my place—I said, "Very well"—Fleming said to me, "Look here, he has given me another ticket for America; I shall let him go; I shall do nothing to him"—I said to Fleming, "Go and get a policeman and lock him up"—he did not go, and I went out myself—he was afraid to go for fear he should go away—Fleming showed me the ticket he had given him, but the prosecutor did not say anything about any robbery—I fetched a policeman, and he was given into custody—I am sure that the prisoner is the man—he came to me with Jacob Fleming before the Jewish New Year.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had never seen him before—the man who came to me had a large moustache and whiskers, but no beard—when the prisoner came to my house with the prosecutor, he did not say, "This is not a ticket, it is my pass, it is not for sale"—he said, "Don't do anything to me, let me go"—I think I said that before the Magistrate, about his asking to be let go—
<hi rend="italic">Mike</hi> is here—I do not know Jacob, the landlord.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-151" type="surname" value="MARK"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-151" type="given" value="MIKE"/>MIKE MARK</persName> </hi>. I am in the boot line—on January 19th I was with Fleming in Brick Lane—we met the prisoner—I went across the street and we both shook hands with him—I said, "How are you going on"—he said, "All right"—as Fleming could not speak English I asked the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070030"/>
<p>prisoner why he had done such a thing as to take his money and his clothes away on the boat—he said, "That is not my fault, I did not take away the clothes and the money, only I would do this for you, if you like to have this ticket you can have it and go to America with it"—Fleming said, "Is the ticket any good"—the prisoner said, "Depend on me, the ticket will be right"—we took him up to the house and inquired whether the ticket was any good and found it was 33 years old—we said, "The ticket is no use"—the prisoner said, "If I had a couple of pounds I would give it to you so as not to get me into trouble"—that was said both in the street and in the house—I do not know Jacobs, the landlord.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went to the police-station—I was asked what I knew about it, and what I heard—I went with the prisoner and the others to the police office—I was asked what I heard the prisoner say—I did not say I knew nothing about it—I had not time to speak—I was not examined before the Magistrate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-152" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-152" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED LEE</persName> </hi> (467
<hi rend="italic">H.</hi>) On January 19th, the prosecutor called me—I went to 5, Montague Place, and saw the prisoner—the prosecutor made a statement, but I could not understand the proper facts—I said to the prisoner, "Are you willing to accompany me to the police-station?"—he said, "Yes"—I took him there—the prosecutor handed me this ticket—I took him to the Royal Albert Dock, and he pointed out the spot, No. 21 and 22, but he said he could not understand English, and could not tell me the name of it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I was not there at the date the man says I was, I was in the States."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-165-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-165-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-165-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-165-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-165-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-165-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-165-18980207 t18980207-165-punishment-29"/>Fifteen Months' Hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-166">
<interp inst="t18980207-166" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-166" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-166-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-166-18980207 t18980207-166-offence-1 t18980207-166-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-166-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-166-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-166-18980207" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-166-18980207" type="surname" value="COTTERELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-166-18980207" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN COTTERELL</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-166-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-166-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-166-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully attempting to obtain £1,000 from
<persName id="t18980207-name-154" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-154" type="surname" value="STODDARD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-154" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-166-offence-1 t18980207-name-154"/>Joseph Stoddard</persName>, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. MATTHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-155" type="surname" value="STODDART"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-155" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH STODDART</persName> </hi>. I am editor and manager of
<hi rend="italic">Sporting Luck</hi>, of 6, Bovary Street, E.G.—from time to time I have advertised and carried through, racing competitions in that paper—when I have such a compe
<lb/>tition announced, and before it commences, it is my habit to issue on the back sheet of the paper such a form as this, containing a number of coupons which are to be filled up by the intending competitor—I give one free coupon—the purchaser of the paper is entitled to enter the names of the horses upon that—that is followed by a number of coupons upon which, on returning them to the office, he must pay 1d. for each coupon—for that number of lines it would be 4s. for the full sheet—this is the paper—towards the end of July I announced that there would be a competition in respect to the Steward's Cup at Good wood—I printed in my paper, on page 4, the conditions which the competitors must fulfil (
<hi rend="italic">The conditions were here read</hi>)—on Tuesday, July 27th, I was at the office at Bouverie Street all day—we had between 30,000 and 40,000 competition letters, which the post-office officials were instructed to deliver in sacks into the office itself, and not into the letter box—one of the lady clerks then looks out the letters to see which is marked "Competition," and that is handed over to the special staff, which is employed at my residence at Herne Hill to open the letters—during the whole day of Tuesday, the 27th, no letter was received at the office in the name of Maudsley—I stayed there till the six o'clock post came in, and then went</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070031"/>
<p>out and went to the letter-box—it was locked—I opened it with this key and there was nothing inside—I was away 20 minutes or half an hour—I next left after the 9.30 delivery, which was delivered into the office—I was back in time for the 7, 8, 9, and 9.30 deliveries, which was the last—I then left for the day, taking the letters with me—I went to the letterbox again going out, opened it with the same key, and there was one letter in it, of which this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the envelope—I wrote on it "Received late on Tuesday night," put it in my pocket, and took it home to Herne Hill—I then opened it at the back with the cutter which I always carry for opening—I found a coupon inside the envelope and noticed that the first four horses had been correctly placed in the race that day—this is the actual sheet (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—turning to coupon No. 71 found the first four horses correctly placed—No. 7 was in a different writing—that was signed Walter M. Maudsley, Waste, Manchester—I noticed next morning that the envelope bore on the face of it the address "Sporting Luck, 6, Bouverie Street, Fleet Street, Strand, London—there were signs of erasure on the face of the envelope—I put it under a magnifying glass and could detect erasures on it, and on the back of it the delivery post mark had been destroyed by the envelope having been opened and refastened—I noticed the post-mark on the front, the date was July 26th, 9.30 p.m., and the next is S.M.P., that is St. Martin's Place—I formed my own conclusions with regard to that, Bouverie Street is in the E.C. district and there is no such post mark on it—the flap of the envelope seemed to have been opened and fastened down again—there was a postal order in it which came out with the coupon—I do not remember whether at that time this-written memorandum was on it—it remained some few days in my custody—to the best of in my know
<lb/>ledge this memorandum was there at the time I received it—if it was crossed it must go through a bank—I was not at the office on Wednesday 28th, I stayed with the coupons, I first examined them at 6.30 on, Wednesday evening—I opened them and put them on one side—the examination of the coupons to see whether there was a winner did not commence till seven o'clock—after I had examined the envelope and its contents on Wednesday evening I sent off this telegram, "To Maudsley, your coupon not allowed as it was sent off after the race was run"—On July 29th I received this letter in this envelope—(
<hi rend="italic">This was from the prisoner at Manchester stating that it was not until that morning that he received notice of any competitor being successful, &c., and stating that the envelope teas addressed to the 'Sporting Luck Co.,' 6, Bouverie Street, London.</hi>)—on the same day I received this telegram purporting to be a reply to mine of the previous evening—"Telegram just received, fail to understand, unless satisfactory, proceedings at once, Maudsley"—in my next issue of
<hi rend="italic">Sporting Luck I</hi> inserted this—(
<hi rend="italic">This was a paragraph stating that</hi> £1,000
<hi rend="italic">had been attempted to be obtained fraudulently, and that sharpers would never get the best of the newspaper, and that warrants would be applied for for their arrest.</hi>)—the next I heard was a letter from Mr. Jones, a solicitor of Manchester, on behalf of Mr. Maudsley, but I had in the mean time instructed a detective on Thursday. (
<hi rend="italic">This letter threatened to commence proceedings in respect 'to the coupon competition, and requested the name of the prosecutor's solicitors, signed Theophilus Edward Jones.</hi>) After that a copy of a writ was served</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070032"/>
<p>on me, Arthur Maudsley being the plaintiff—that was followed by pleadings, statement of claim and of defence—I instructed Mr. Charles Humphreys to take a certain course, and an application was made at the police court—it was not successful, and the documents were left filed at the Mansion House—this is a copy of the order of dismissal—the action was dismissed, and costs to be paid by the plaintiff to the defendant—Mr. Humphreys again applied at the Mansion House, and the defendant was apprehended and brought before the Lord Mayor—I attended, and other witnesses, and he was committed for trial.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> These pin marks in the original envelope are where I pinned it and the coupons together—with the exception of those pin marks and the writing at the back it is in the same condition as I received it—all the marks were on it when it came into my possession—the prisoner had no solicitor at the Mansion House, he cross-examined at first.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-156" type="surname" value="CLENCROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-156" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CLENCROSS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the employ of the Post Office—I produce two original telegrams—one is dated July 28th, addressed to Maudsley of Manchester, and signed
<hi rend="italic">Sporting Luck;</hi> that shows that it was handed in at Ludgate Hill at 6.46—I also produce a telegram dated July 29th, and signed Maudsley.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-157" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-157" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-157" type="given" value="LOUISA MARY"/>LOUISA MARY GILBERT</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk employed in the Wieste Post Office, 312, Eccles Road—Waste is a suburb of Manchester—in July last I knew the prisoner and his wife, they lived in Derby Avenue, Wieste—I remember Mrs. Cottrell coming to the post office on Monday evening, July 26th, at 9.30., alone—she bought some stamps and a postal order for 2s. 6d.—this is the postal order to the best of my belief—at the time I issued it it had not this memorandum on it—she had, an envelope in her hand, but I cannot say in what condition it was—she gave me 2s. 6d. for the order, and left—the letter-box is in the window outside—I lost sight of her at the door, and that is the last I saw of her that night.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not examined before the Lord Mayor at the Mansion House—I gave my statement when the prisoner was sent for trial—I think it was taken by a lawyer's clerk in December, before the trial before the Lord Mayor—I should be able to identify him—he came to see me in London—I gave him the same statement as I have given here to-day—he did not show me this postal order at any time—the first time I saw it after I had sold it was when the confidential clerk came last month—this post office is annexed to another business—I am in absolute charge of it—these postal orders are forwarded to me from London in quantities—I keep no book in which the series is entered, nor do I make any entry in any book when I sell the order—that was the last order I sold that week, it is marked 81—it is in the fourth column, which is for the half-crowns—this "
<hi rend="italic">Sporting Luck</hi>" was not on it, neither was this, "To account of J. Stoddart, Temple Bar Branch"—I do not enter the number of each postal order at the time I sell it, I enter the last number sold that day, there is no entry of 008280—an intervening order had been sold, but there is an entry of 008281—we open at eight a.m. and close at 9.30 p.m.—there is nothing in this book that would show a person other than me the hour at which the postal order was sold—this is the only document referring to the sale—there would be no entry on the order itself as to the hour at which it was sold—before I saw the solicitor's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070033"/>
<p>clerk, Mr. Jones, of Manchester, had not been to me, it was another solicitor's clerk, at the beginning of December—he did not ask me whether,
<hi rend="italic">J</hi> had sold a postal order, he simply asked me if I could certify to the posting of a letter on that day, and I said that I could—the police did not come to ask me about it, the solicitor's clerk was the only person who spoke to me—he wrote down what I told him, and read it over to me, and I said it was correct—I also attend to other persons who come in—it is a stationer's shop, and my sister assists me with the telegrams—I fix the hour at 9.20, because the prisoner's wife called my attention to it—she said that she was going in for £1,000, and she asked if it would be in time for the post, and I looked at the clock and said, "Yes"—the conversation did not take place about noon—a train leaves London at twelve p.m.—I do not know whether there is one at 10.50—I told the solicitor's clerk it was 9.20—I am not the person who takes the letters out and stamps them—I was in good health in December; I have, been well all along—I was in Wieste in December attending to my duties till I was brought up here—my sister and brother are attending to my duties now—I did not go away for holidays in December—I cannot tell why I did not go before the Lord Mayor—I was not told till January 8th. that I should be wanted before the Lord Mayor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The postal order was not produced when I saw the solicitor's clerk—the date was stamped on it by me on July 26th at the Wieste Post Office—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the preceding order issued on Saturday, 24th, and the next 2s. 6d. order was issued on Tuesday, July 27th—my attention was called to this matter very quickly after the issue of the order—the solicitor in Manchester came to see me about it some time in August, and Mrs. Cotterell came about a week after the issue, and a few days after that the prisoner came and saw me—what they wanted was the posting of the letter, and it was after that that the solicitor came, in August—I was here in London when the case was. adjourned in January—I have seen Mrs. Cotterell once since.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-158" type="surname" value="STODDABT"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-158" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH STODDABT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). Some postage stamps were attached to the postal order—in the course of my business we have a great many stamps, and we get rid of them by putting five stamps on every order we pay into the bank—this was paid into my bank with five stamps affixed to it, and went out of my possession, and at a recent date the order was recovered.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. The bank have given me credit for 2s. 11d.—this order was not in my possession when I consulted my solicitor; it was in the bank—it was paid in with a bundle of others in the regular course.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-159" type="surname" value="DICKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-159" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DICKINSON</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of postmen at the General Post Office, Manchester—this envelope C bears the Pendleton district post-mark—it was posted in the Pendleton district between eight and 9.30—the post-office in Eccles Road is in that district—that would be dispatched by the night mail train and arrive in London in the early morning—envelope D bears the Manchester postmark of 3.15, July 28th—I was present when it was adjourned here last January, and went back to Manchester—since that the prisoner called at the Manchester post-office, he was alone, and wanted to know whether I could give him information so that he could get witnesses, and wanted to know how many postal orders had been issued that day—I told him he could get that information.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070034"/>
<p>from the secretary of the post office—he talked about the prosecution springing certain evidence, and said that if it had not been for the girl's evidence he should have got clear off—he said, "I do not know how Miss Gilbert can get up and say what she has, as a matter of fact I am going to admit that I went to London on the 26th; I have no need to admit it, but I am going to admit it, and with regard to the postal order, I purchased it before I left for London, and when my wife called in at the post office in the evening, she simply went for some stationery"—I told him I could do nothing for him, he had better apply to the post office authorities.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had not known him some time—it is not permissible for an officer of the post-office to communicate information, he would be guilty of a breach of the post-office regulations—the conver
<lb/>sation lasted about five minutes, it was in the secretary's room at Manchester—I do not remember the words "strictly confidential" being used—I will not swear that they were not—I do not remember what day this was—the case was postponed for about a week for fresh evidence—I came up to London yesterday—I have seen the solicitors to-day—I mentioned this conversation to them—the prisoner did not say that he wanted to speak to me on something that was strictly confidential—I did not go to the solicitors yesterday, but to-day—I went on my own accord, I considered that I had been authorized by him—I did not say when he left, "It is my duty to repeat to the solicitors for the prosecution what you have told me to-day"—I told my superior officer what had taken place—envelope B was posted between eight o'clock and 9.30—they have no stamp at the Wieste Post Office only for the orders—the Pendleton postmark is 9.30 p.m.—there are 11 collections from the Wieste Post Office, the last collection had been at eight o'clock—that would leave Pemlleton at 10.35; I have not been asked that before—there is a train from Manchester at midnight—I know the trains to London—I have never travelled by the 10.50 train—I know that there is a station in Manchester called London Road—I do not know whether there is a train which gets into London at 3.50.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The first time I ever made this statement was this morning to the solicitor for the prosecution.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-160" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-160" type="given" value="THOMAS HOUGHTON"/>THOMAS HOUGHTON MILLER</persName> </hi>. I am a postman at the Bedford Street Post Office, W.C.—on July 27th I went on duty at five a.m.—the letters from Manchester would reach that office at 4.28—I had this stamp (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) for stamping letters received by me—this envelope bears the impression of this stamp made by me—these letters S.M.P. represent St. Martin's Place; that is the old name—when I was before the Lord Mayor I made these impressions of this stamp on paper (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—if a letter arrives at my office misdirected, I should simply stamp it and it would be taken to the sorting table—I do not look at the addresses, I stamp the back without looking at the front, and then it is taken to another table in the sorting office in the same room—I have been a sorter, but not a stamper at the same time—a letter for the E.C. district which got into the W.C. district would be stamped at my office and then sent in a bag to the E.C. district.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The only stamp on the back would be W.C.—if it were sent to the sorter's table and they saw that it was wrong they</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070035"/>
<p>would not stamp it—we have not got an E.C. stamp—it would only be put in the bag.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-161" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-161" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>FREDERICK GEORGE WARREN</persName> </hi>. I am a postman employed in the E.C. district, St. Martin's-le-Grand—letters for the E.C. district would be delivered, and a letter addressed, "Sporting Luck,' Bouverie Street, Fleet Street," would go out with the E.C. stamp, but supposing it was addressed to the W.C. district in error it would be sent in a bag to the E.C. district—the stamp should be placed on it—it would show on it both this W.C. stamp and the E.C. stamp—there is an instance here: supposing the exhibit D to have been sent for delivery in the E.C. district, the E.C. stamp should appear upon it, and there is no such stamp on it—the next letter has the E.G. stamp only—on the mornings of these competitions the letters are put-into sacks and delivered into the office itself.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This is not a country letter—the staff changes from month to month, and the present staff might be changed or put on other duties.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> If a letter arriving by the early post in the W.C. district was not delivered by the first post it would be by the second—there is no difference between London letters and country letters, if properly addressed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-162" type="surname" value="ARNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-162" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES ARNELL</persName> </hi>. I am a postman in the E.C. district—Bouverie Street is in my district, and on my beat—I delivered at the three o'clock and at the six o'clock delivery—I did not deliver letters into the office—I put no letters into the box.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-163" type="surname" value="DUDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-163" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED DUDLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a printer and stationer of 10, Eccles New Road, Salford, near Manchester—I first knew the prisoner in the spring of 1896, in the name of Maudley—since that time I have taken in letters for him, he has called for them and taken them away—I believe his private address was 17, Derby Road, Wieste.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know now that he was a soldier in the Soudan, and bore a respectable character as far as I know—I knew that he was going in for the racing competitions—a great many letters came for him; he won competitions for which he got £;7 odd; he was deluged with letters—I sometimes have a
<hi rend="italic">bit on</hi> myself.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-164" type="surname" value="PONSONBY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-164" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR PONSONBY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the service of the Manchester Ship Canal, I was so last July when the prisoner was employed there as a checker in the name of John Cotterell—I have the time book here—he worked there between July 24th and August 4th—everybody who comes in signs a book, and between those dates the prisoner's name does not appear—I was working there between those dates, and did not see him at all—I know his handwriting—these documents are his writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have gone in for a little filling up of these things, I have employed other people to do it, not in reference to the Lincolnshire Handi
<lb/>cap, but at the Whitsuntide races, for Manchester—I did not do it purely for love of sport, I got a £5 note—I got paid for my trouble—I did not back my fancy—the £;5 note came in Stoddert's writing, I had met him once before—I got a letter from
<hi rend="italic">Sporting Luck</hi> asking me to distribute these handbills, and I was going round to newsagents' shops, and finding out the sale of this paper, I was not employed to distribute hand-bills, I employed two boys to distribute them—the coupons were adver
<lb/>tising what was coming out—I never won anything, I have tried it on.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070036"/>
<hi rend="italic">Sporting Luck</hi>, but never got a farthing—this coupon No. 7 is the prisoner's writing—I notice nothing in this entry different from the other, only the writing is a little fainter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-165" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-165" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Samuel Roberts, of 2, Liverpool Street, Eccles Road, Wieste—I know the prisoner—he lived in Derby Road near me, last Jul), with his wife and a little boy called Bertie, aged about six—I have a shop—Mr. and Mrs. Cotterell were customers there—there is a tram just at the bottom of the road—about eleven a.m., just before dinner, I saw them pass with the little boy, going towards the tram which goes to Manchester, near the London Road—I do not know whether that is the London and North Western Railway, but they can come up there from London—this was on the Monday before the August Bank Holiday—I noticed that the little boy had on a new suit—I had heard something about that suit before—I did not see the prisoner again till the end of that week, but I saw Mrs. Cotterell each day—I saw nothing of Bertie—Mrs. Cotterell used to come into the shop each day—she made statements to me—I saw the prisoner passing in the day time about Friday or Saturday—he owed me some money for goods I had supplied to him, and after I saw him I wrote a letter to him, and received this letter in his writing, "August 6th, 1897. Your letter to hand. We can't see our way to let you have £1 to-morrow unless something turns up J. Cotterell. I am at home now"—I went and saw him on Friday night, the same day I got that letter—his wife was present; she said, "I suppose you have come about the money I owe you?"—I said, "Yes"—she said, "I have no money, but I am expecting some from a parcel, and I am also expecting some about November, about,£1,000"—I did not get my money, and I sued him in the County Court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not been disappointed by many other persons—I have only repeated these words to Mr. Sagar once, to the solicitor, and, of course, to my husband—I know them by heart—my shop is in Wieste, it is about three miles from Manchester, the London Road is half a mile off, so it is three miles and a half from my house to the station—the tram stops once on the road, but it can pull up—it stops at Cross Lane—I do not suggest that I saw the prisoner get into the tram.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It would take about half an hour to get to the London Road by the tram.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Friday, February 11th.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-166" type="surname" value="OLDHAMPSTEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-166" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM OLDHAMPSTEAD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Inspector, City</hi>)—I saw the prisoner after he had been committed from the Mansion House—I said to him, "How have you spent your Christmas"—he said, "Very quiet, they tried to steal a march on me by bringing a woman up to the Mansion House, I was in London, not many yards from here, and I shall tell them so, and give them my address;" on that very day Mrs. Roberts had been examined before the Lord Mayor, but I was not there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The case was nob still going on when he said that, he had been committed—I made my statement to Messrs. Humphreys, the solicitors for the prosecution—I do not know the 53rd Shepherd's Bush Light Infantry.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-167" type="surname" value="DICKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-167" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DICKINSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>).I stated before the Lord Mayor that the suspected envelope must have been posted at Wieste, between. 8 and 9.30.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070037"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-168" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-168" type="given" value="SAMUEL JOHN"/>SAMUEL JOHN HOLLOWAY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the service of the Post Office at St. Martin's-le-Grand—the suspected envelope came to me in the course of my duty; I have examined it—I see indications that the flap of the envelope has been raised and re-closed subsequently to the impression upon it of the Bedford Street post-office stamp—I have measured the impression on the back of the envelope and the stamp itself; the diameter of the impression on the back of the envelope is larger than the diameter of a proper impression by 1-32nd of an inch—there are also marks which show plainly where the flap rested when it was first closed down, and there are also indications that some foreign gum was used when the flap was closed a second time, which is quite distinct from the character of the gum by means of which the first closure was effected—when I examined this envelope on July 27th or 28th I was of opinion that there had been erasures before this address at present on the envelope was written—excepting that the envelope is enclosed between two pieces of glass to preserve it, it is in the same condition as when I first examined it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> An envelope such as the one in question, containing this sheet of coupons and a postal-order would present a more bulky appearance than an ordinary letter—the flap of the envelope could be raised without steaming, and yet remain intact; it could be raised with the nail, or gradually worked round—I have examined the front of the envelope with a microscope, and I am not prepared to swear that it had had another address—the most marked erasure is under the word "Fleet"; the erasure at the top of the letter "L" was clearly after the word "Luck" had been written.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The examination before it was enclosed in glass was much easier; its inclosure in glass renders close examination difficult—when I say the most marked erasure was under the word "Fleet" I am speaking from memory; it was the most marked at that time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-169" type="surname" value="GURRIN"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-169" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY GURRIN</persName> </hi>. I am an expert in hand writing of consider
<lb/>able experience—I have examined the envelope enclosed in glass; it has always been so enclosed while I have had it for examination; I have never seen it otherwise—having regard to its present condition I am of opinion that there was originally other writing on the envelope than that which appears there now, but it is impossible to make a proper examina
<lb/>tion through the glass—(
<hi rend="italic">Removing the glass</hi>) I can now much more clearly see indications of erasure on various parts of the envelope; the surface has been disturbed forcibly with the effect, I should judge, of removing some writing which previously existed there—the examination I now make in Court with the glass removed, confirms the opinion I had already formed—there are indications on the back, of the envelope having been opened and reclosed; the flap receded an eighth of an inch when it was refastened on the second occasion, which was caused apparently by some internal pressure.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It does not require any special training or an expert in handwriting to detect erasures; but the eye of a man who was con
<lb/>stantly examining doubtful documents would naturally detect a thing of that kind more easily—it is not a suggestion on my part that the flap has been opened and refastened; it is an absolute fact that it has been removed from the position it occupied first, and refastened at a much</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070038"/>
<p>higher position—the appearance of the envelope might have been caused by a person taking out the original enclosure and reinserting it in a more bulky form—if the gum was not properly fixed it would draw the flap backwards, but the spring would have to be strong, it is simply a ques
<lb/>tion of resistance—I do not think it possible to get the sheet of coupons produced into the envelope, without folding it in four doubles—if that had been abstracted and reinserted folded in a different way, and the postal order added, it might account for the spring in the flap.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re examined.</hi> The erasures are more apparent now the glass is removed—my attention has been called to Coupon No. 7—the writing of the first two names appear much fainter than the lines below.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAX</hi>. I mentioned the fact to the solicitor for the prosecution—the first two letters of No. 8 "Americus" are identical with No. 7 "Amphora," but the main body of the word is heavier; the "ericus" is heavier—there was less pressure upon the "Am" than there was upon the "ericus"; it is more faint; the colour is not so pronounced—it is not a matter from which the absolute certain deduction could be drawn that it was written at a different time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. If this sheet of coupons had been placed in the envelope originally, I do not believe that the flap would have gone down as far as it originally did; I have tried it and that is my belief—if a small substance like a postal order were placed inside the envelope it would fasten down to the utmost limit of the flap; if such a bulky thing as this coupon sheet had been in it when it was first fastened down, the flap would not have gone down so far as it undoubtedly did; and there are abrasions of the flap—the condition of the envelope is not consistent with the theory that it may have been drawn back when originally fastened, owing to the gum being damp or wet, because it would not have left small pieces of the flap itself on the envelope—the envelope was re
<lb/>opened by some pressure and parts of the flap were torn away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-170" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-170" type="surname" value="HAGAR"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-170" type="given" value="POLICE"/>POLICE INSPECTOR HAGAR</persName> </hi>. On November 23rd, I received a warrant for the prisoner's arrest, and went with Inspector Edwards to the Salford Docks Ship Canal, Manchester—I saw the prisoner—I said, "Is your name Cotterell"—He said, "Yes"—I said, "I am a police inspector from London, I have a warrant for your arrest in connection with
<hi rend="italic">Sporting Luck'</hi>, shall I read it here?"—he said, "No; not here"—I explained to him that in August last a warrant had been applied for, but in consequence of civil proceedings then pending it was not granted—I handed him the warrant, which he read—he said, "I do not understand the
<hi rend="italic">'alias</hi> Maudsley'; that must be a mistake"—I arrested him and brought him to London—I showed him the exhibits, the envelope, the coupons, the letter of the 28th, and two telegrams—he said, "They are all in my handwriting, except the telegrams—I gave that (
<hi rend="italic">The envelope relating to the competition</hi>) to my wife to post"—referring to the coupons, he said, "I see it is No. 7"—he handed me nine letters which he said had been brought to him by his wife—he told me he had a solicitor who had some important documents, and he wrote a letter to a Mr. Jones, which I posted for him—on November 26th I received a letter from Mr. Jones, and some documents in a registered parcel came after the letter—it contained this scribbling diary, several copies of
<hi rend="italic">Sporting Luck</hi>, two telegrams and one defence in the High Court—in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070039"/>
<p>diary, under date July 26th, their is an heading,
<hi rend="italic">"Sporting Luck"</hi> and a copy of 31 different coupons, and a postal order, "D41008280"—"D41" is written at the top of the page, under
<hi rend="italic">"Sporting Luck"</hi>—the entries are in the same handwriting as the letters and other documents—I opened the registered package in the presence of the prisoner by direction of the Oxford Mayor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have had this matter in hand since August, and have been to Manchester making enquiries about the prisoner—24, Derby Avenue, where he lived in August last, far about 400 or 500 yards from the post-office at Wieste—he has been in the C division of the Metro
<lb/>politan Police, but left because he was medically unfit, with a good character—before that he had been in the Shropshire Light Infantry, And was discharged with the rank of sergeant, and received an excellent character from his commanding officer; he has also the Egyptian medal, with two clasps, and the Khedive star, for service in Egypt—the nine letters handed to me were from Mr. Jones, the solicitor, addressed to "Maudsley"—the letters written by the prisoner were handed by me to the solicitor, for the prosecution to take copies; they were always at the prisoner's disposal—he said, "I did not know that the action had been dismissed, and I still think I am entitled to the prize; I am short of money at present to carry on the action"—the application for the warrant was made after the writ in the civil action had been served upon Mr. Stoddart—the prisoner's mother-in-law lives at 30, Hormead Road, West
<lb/>bourne Park, W.—in August last, when I was making enquiries, the prisoner came up to me and said, "Excuse me, gentlemen, I believe you are making enquiries about a Mr. Maudsley and
<hi rend="italic">Sporting Luck;</hi> I am Mr. Maudsley, and I live at 24, Derby Avenue; I have seen you two at Trafford Dock talking to a man named Ponsonby, Ponsonby has been making enquiries at a place where I have my letters addressed; he has been prying into my business, and if you want to know anything about, me you had better meet me at my solicitor's in Manchester in the morning"—I did not know him at the time; he was very excited, and we all went to an hotel.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner's mother-in-law still lives at Hormead Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">S. J. HOLLOWAY</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). This envelope looks as if there was a "J" or a "Y" there—I have no doubt it is post-office ink, but I find no mark—it has probably got smudged, but I can find no trace of a post-office mark.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. Here is a mark something like a "y" on the clean corner, two forks and a tail—the absolute stamp on it is of the same size as the faintly-marked "y" in the corner—I doubt that the "y" in the corner is the attempted impress of the post-office stamp—it is post-office ink, and similar in size—"y" is the final letter in the, postal mark "July"—I do not think that might be another letter, it is not a "J"—if it was a "J" that would not satisfy me that it had been stamped with insufficient ink—supposing the letters were "J—y," the letters are close down to the edge, which they would not be—this looks like an eliptical mark, and we have eliptical stamps—the "y" is on the right, not on the left as it would be if the letters were reversed by coming in contact with another letter—the mark we are considering is slightly lower down—I do not think it is a real impression from any stamp.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070040"/>
<rs id="t18980207-166-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-166-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-166-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">but the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated fruit their entire sympathies were with the prisoner that the "Sporting Luck" newspaper was an entire fraud, and not with the prosecution, and strongly recommended the prisoner to mercy. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that there was no evidence that the newspaper had done anything fraudulent.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-166-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-166-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-166-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-166-18980207 t18980207-166-punishment-30"/>Six Months without Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-167">
<interp inst="t18980207-167" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-167" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-167-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-167-18980207 t18980207-167-offence-1 t18980207-167-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-167-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-167-18980207 t18980207-167-offence-1 t18980207-167-verdict-3"/>
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<persName id="def1-167-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-167-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-18980207" type="age" value="75"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-18980207" type="surname" value="SOLOMONS"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-18980207" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL SOLOMONS</hi> (75)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-167-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-167-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-167-18980207" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def2-167-18980207" type="surname" value="SOLOMONS"/>
<interp inst="def2-167-18980207" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SOLOMONS</hi> (31)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-167-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-167-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-167-18980207" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def3-167-18980207" type="surname" value="SOLOMONS"/>
<interp inst="def3-167-18980207" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC SOLOMONS</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-167-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-167-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-167-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, feloniously receiving six chests of tea, knowing them to have been stolen, to which</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC SOLOMONS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-167-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-167-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-167-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KERSHAW</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Samuel Solomons, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Isaac.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-174" type="surname" value="HUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-174" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HUTTON</persName> </hi>. I am delivery foreman at Buchanan Wharf, Wapping—on December 11th I delivered six chests of tea to Messrs, Baker & Co.'s carman, and on December 20th some more chests to Denham—four were wooden and two were tin—I saw them again at Leman Street station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-175" type="surname" value="DENHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-175" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DENHAN</persName> </hi>. I am carman to David Baker, of Pancras Road, N.—on December 20th I took one of Bircham's vans to Lower East Smithfield, and went upstairs—I had no van boy—the van was gone when I came back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-176" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-176" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector H</hi>). On December 21st, about 3.30, I went to 104, Cable Street, a tobacconist's shop, "with Wensley, Smith, and two other officers—they went to Princes Street, and I went to the main entrance and naw the prisoner Henry—I told him I was a police officer—he went into the back room, and I saw Samuel come into the back parlour, but before I could go to him, and as soon as he saw me, he ran back to the factory, and Henry also—I pushed through the shop after Samuel, and Henry passed me in the passage, went through a doorway, and up a step into a room, which is used for drying snuff—when they had both gone I spoke to Samuel in the passage, which is outside the factory—I told him I was a police officer, and said, "Have you any papers, I have reason to believe you have a quantity of papers in these stables; where does that door lead to?"—he said that he had no stable, but when I said, "Where does that door lead to?"he said, "Into the stable yard"—I said that I believed he had stolen tea on the premises—he said, "I will tell you the truth, I have some stables, but they do not belong to me; they belong to Isaac," and pointed and said, "That is my stable"—I got him across there, and the two other officers came into the stable yard—I asked him where the key of the stable was—he said, "My son has got it"—the sons were brought up, and Henry said, "I have not got it"—I looked through the stable window and saw some tea, and I told them if they did not open the door I should force it, which I did, and found six chests of tea—I said to Samuel, "How do you account for this tea"—he said, "I acknowledge that they are my stables; I cannot account for the actions of my son; you brought the stuff here,. I told you you would get us into trouble; why don't you speak the truth? and save me in my old age, I wish I was dead"—Henry said that it was brought by a man named Morris and said, "Why don't you shut up"—I took a note of it and said, "Do you know where this man lives"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Where"—he said he did not know—I said, to the whole of them, "This is a very unsatisfactory account of this tea, which, I believe, has been stolen, I shall have to take you all to the station"—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070041"/>
<p>was we went out of the stable yard in a cab, Isaac said to Samuel, "Keep your heart up, don't fret, I will take the responsibility"—Samuel said, "I am an old man, 75 years of age, Isaac knows all about it, why don't he tell the truth?"—the six chests, were full of tea—I also found another chest, No. 23097, empty—at the station I told them that I had found an empty chest which I had taken possession of, they made no reply—I afterwards went into the loft and found 1cwt. 3qrs. 6lbs. of Trinidad cocoa beans, I saw them weighed—they were in two bags, but not cocoa bags—I went back to the station and told the prisoners I had found the cocoa beans, they said nothing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">GILL</hi>. I have been in the district some years. and have known, getting on for 20 years, that there was such a person as Samuel Solomons—he was apprenticed to the cigar business and was afterwards employed in the Commercial Road—his business is grinding up tobacco stalks into snuff—he collects the stalks—he does not live at Cable Court, he lives at No. 96, Lancaster Road, Hackney—I do not know where he keeps his pony and trap—he gave evidence for the excise in a case of smuggling—104, Cable Street is some distance from the corner of Princes Square—There is a small shop there, you pass through this shop and parlour, and there is an engine house and stable used as a store; then there is a large yard and a place where the snuff factory is, and the drying room, where the stove is—Mr. Beaumont keeps a horse in the first stable in Princes Square—there is only one stable in the yard—Mr. Leicester has a place there, and then there is a wood factory and then the stable where the tea was—the premises join—a cart or a van must go through the entrance in Princes Square—I have not ascertained that the stable is used by a man who passes by the name of Morris or Brown—I have endeavoured to find Brown, one of the officers has seen him—I have no evidence to arrest him upon—this case is not being prosecuted by any solicitor—there is a protection society of the carmen and con
<lb/>tractors—only one complaint has been made of my conduct in connection with the Hartley matter—I have had plenty of cases of the Carmen's. Association—the complaint was made by Mr. Kebble, the solicitor to the Association—I do not know whether questions were asked in the House about it—I heard that there was going to be—a man named Baker is the owner of this property—I saw one gentleman of the protection society about this case, but not the solicitor—I was asked about the elder prisoner and about the stable before the Magistrate—I have not taken the trouble to enquire whether he has a stable in Lomston road—when I was asked before the Magistrate my answer was that he had been mixed up in several cases—he gave evidence in a smuggling case; I do not know whether he volunteered it—I only know that he said that one of his sons had brought some snuff home, and that he would not have anything to do with it—when I first spoke to. Samuel I was alone in the passage of the factory—the beans were found in a loft which Isaac went to—the elder prisoner appeared much distressed afterwards, but not at the time—some of our subordinate officers have retired recently, Brogden is one—Lapsley is not the man who took me into custody for being drunk, but he made a complaint against me—he was degraded and left the force—other officers who were under my control have been degraded.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I am chief inspector, and hope I shall be for a long</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070042"/>
<p>time—Mr. Kebble, the solicitor to the Carmens' Association, sent a telegram to Shadwell Station, and asked that a certain officer should be at the Thames police-court at a certain time; I never received it, and at four o'clock in the afternoon they could not find the proper officer, and the solicitor complained: shortly afterwards another van robbery occurred, and, I suppose, be felt aggrieved, and tried to get a question asked in the House of Commons, but I do not think it was asked; at any rate, they enquired of Mr. Anderson—that was last April or May—one man who sold the tea was sent to three years penal' servitude, and at that time the prisoner was standing outside the place.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Some tobacco was being ground into snuff at Euston Station—this gentleman went to buy the snuff, and when the case was being investigated, Samuel said he had bought some snuff at 2s. 2d. a pound, and he told him not to have anything more to do with it—I have got a cutting from the newspaper, which gives a very good account of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-177" type="surname" value="WENSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-177" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WENSLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, H</hi>). On December 21st, I was with Smith—we went into Princes Street and saw the three prisoners standing in the doorway of the stable where we found the tea—the door was open—it was between one and two o'clock—I went to Inspector White and made a communication to him—I afterwards went to the Princes Street entrance, and waited there till White came out with Samuel—he made a communication to me—I went to the drying room, and saw Henry there, I asked him to come out—he said, "What for? What is the matter?"—I said, "Where is the stable you have got the tea in?"—he said, "I have got no tea, I know nothing about the tea, and we have got no stable"—he came down, and in the mean time Isaac came out, and we all four went to the stable—White was there with Samuel—the door was shut—Inspector White said, "Is this your stable?"—he said, "Yes, but it does not exactly belong to me, it belongs to the family"—White said, "Where is the key?"—nobody gave it up—White said, "If it is not given up the door will be forced, and the door was forced—I took a note of the conversation—as soon as we got the door opened, White said something, and the elder prisoner said, "This place does not belong to me, if there is anything wrong, it is the fault of my son"—he turned round to Isaac and said. "You brought this stuff here, you know you did, I wish I was dead; why don't you speak the truth and save me in my old age"—Henry said, "Why don't you shut up"—Isaac said, it was brought by a man named Brown, and the other said, by a man named Morriss—Henry said, "If you had let me go away when I wanted to I should not have been in this lot"—I put them in a cab and waited till Inspector White came back and found the key.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> by
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I have not got any note of the time I went there, but it is in my official diary—Smith was with me—I went there on December 21st about 3.20—When I was there at one o'clock I went into the yard, and the stable we looked at was opposite to me—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is a photograph of the stable where the tea was found.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> by
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTOX</hi>. I put down the words, "If you had let me go away," as they are in my note book—Smith was not there then, I wrote them down in our office three or four hours afterwards—I do not know whether Smith wrote them down, he was present—it was too dark to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070043"/>
<p>write at 3.30 and we were busy looking after the prisoners—they did not try to escape, we were not holding them—I did not go to the station till seven o'clock—I was not too busy to make a note when I was left behind.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-178" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-178" type="given" value="CHARLEY"/>CHARLEY SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, H</hi>). On December 21st, in the early evening, I was with Wensley—I went into the yard and saw the three prisoners—the stable door was open—they were standing in the doorway talking—it was shortly after one o'clock—that was the stable in which the tea was afterwards found—I afterwards went with White and Wensley to Cable Street,—we waited in Princes Street till White came up with Samuel Solomons—I fetched Henry, but had no conversation with him—Wensley brought up Isaac—I took a note of the conversation outside the stable door—the old man said, "Yes, this is my stable, it don't belong to me, it belongs to my sons, they have more to do with it than I have"—on being asked for the key he said, "My son Isaac has got it"—Inspector White said, "If the key is not forthcoming, I shall have the door forced"—the door was then forced, and the Inspector said, "How do you account for the possession of this tea"—Samuel said, "They are our stables, I am not here very often, if there is anything wrong, it is the fault of my son," and speaking to Isaac, he said, "You are the man they want, you brought the stuff here, you know you did, I have told you before you will get us all into trouble, I wish I was dead; why don't you speak the truth and save me in my old age"—Henry said, "Why don't you shut up"—Isaac said, "The tea was brought here by a man named Brown, I know where he lives"—Inspector White said, "Give me his address"—Isaac said, "I don't know"—Henry said, "No, it was brought here by a man named Morriss, I do not know where he lives"—Inspector White said, "This tea is in bond, and you have given a very unsatisfactory account of it, and I believe it to be stolen, you will all be charged"—Henry said to Samuel, "If you had let me go away when I wanted to go I should not have been in this"—when they were in the cab Isaac said to his father, "Don't fret, I will take all the responsibility"—when I got to the station with them I made a note of it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. This is the only note in my book—I do not know whether Wensley made a note, and I did not tell him whether I had—mine is quite an independent note—I started a new book that day, and kept it for this particular case—I was examined before the Magistrate about eight days afterwards—nobody had made any remark about the note at that time, not till January 6th—I have another note-book in my pocket, I do not keep a note-book for every case.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. No one was present when I made the note, I did not see Wensley when I made it, he did not go to the station with me—I saw him when he came into the station about five o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-179" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-179" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY REED</persName> </hi>. I am carman to Seward Brothers, Limited—on December 20th I took 15 cases of tea from their place to Heritage Wharf, there was something wrong and I took them back; one chest was missing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-180" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-180" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I am a checker at Heritage Wharf—on December 20th I saw Heed at the warehouse—he missed chest 23097, which I have since seen at the police-court empty.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070044"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-181" type="surname" value="DUPLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-181" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED DUPLEY</persName> </hi>. I am carman to Thomas Patten—on December 13th I drove a van from the Metropolitan Wharf to the City Road, with 24 bags of beans, and when I got there I had only 23.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL SOLOMONS</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-167-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-167-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-167-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SOLOMONS</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-167-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-167-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-167-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-167-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-167-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-167-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-167-18980207 t18980207-167-punishment-31"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC SOLOMONS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-167-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-167-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-167-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-167-18980207 t18980207-167-punishment-32"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, February</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1898.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Latrine.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18980207-168" type="date" value="18980207"/>
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<interp inst="def1-168-18980207" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-18980207" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-18980207" type="surname" value="PILCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-18980207" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE PILCHER</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-168-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-168-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-168-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/>, For the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18980207-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-183" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-183" type="surname" value="PILCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-183" type="given" value="MABEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-168-offence-1 t18980207-name-183"/>Mabel Pilcher</persName>, her infant child.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. O'CONNOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUGHES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-168-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-168-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-168-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-169">
<interp inst="t18980207-169" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-169" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-169-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-169-18980207 t18980207-169-offence-1 t18980207-169-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-169-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-169-18980207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-18980207" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-18980207" type="surname" value="COPP"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-18980207" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES COPP</hi> (60)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18980207-169-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-169-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-169-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>for feloniously and maliciously sending to
<persName id="t18980207-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-185" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-185" type="surname" value="MONK"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-185" type="given" value="JANE EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18980207-169-offence-1 t18980207-name-185"/>Jane Emily Monk</persName>, a letter threatening to kill and murder her, and for feloniously uttering the letter, knowing the contents thereof.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILBERPORCE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-186" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-186" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MCCARTHY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Inspector B</hi>). On January 13th I saw the prisoner at Eaton Terrace, West Brompton; I said, "I hold a warrant for your arrest"—I read it—I said, "I have got three letters shall I read them?"—he looked at them and said "No, they are mine"—the letters were dated April 14tb, July 3rd, 1897, and January 5th, 1898—I arrested him and charged him with feloniously sending a letter, threatening to murder Miss Monk; he said "Miss Monk owes me for three suits of livery; I have written to her and I have been to her house and she will not see me; I have not slept well for several nights past."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You said you were very unwell and hungry—I offered you some food and you declined it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-187" type="surname" value="DOUOAL"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-187" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DOUOAL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Serjeant B</hi>). On January 13th, I went to 97, Adriane Terrace, Kensington, and searched an ante-room on the ground floor occupied by the prisoner—I found a draft of the original letter of January 5th—It appears to be in the same handwriting as the original.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner.</hi> "I own I wrote that draft first to see that everything was in it before I sent it away."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-188" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-188" type="surname" value="MONK"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-188" type="given" value="JANE EMILY"/>JANE EMILY MONK</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Cadogan Square-for some six years up to August, 1896, the prisoner was sent to me by Mr. Wimbush to drive the horse he supplied me with—he so acted for about three months each season—up to August 1896, the prisoner made no claim of any kind upon me; in August, 1896, he did but I declined to entertain it—the claim was for £15 in lieu of liveries—I received a series of letters from the prisoner of which those dated April 14th, July 3rd and January 5th, are a few—In consequence of the letter of January 5th, I apprehended violence from the prisoner; I identify the letter [
<hi rend="italic">Letter read</hi>] "97; Adriane Terrace, Infield Road, West Brompton, London, January 5th, 1896. Madame, I find you are in town again I write to you for the last time, asking for payment of the £15 you owe me in lieu of three suits of liveries and three livery hats. You Madame have kept me out of work for 18 months</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189802070045"/>
<p>come the 12th of this month, a loss of £117, and spent in waste, for rent £20. You have broken up my home, sold my goods and driven my poor wife to get her living where and how she can, I hare not seen her since October 1st, and don't know where she is or what she is doing. I am living by myself in a small ante-room sleeping on a chair-bedstead utterly ruined through your cursed dishonesty and falsehood, think Madame think of the untimely
<hi rend="italic">death</hi> of Mr. Terriss the actor and see what hunger and mad
<lb/>ness will drive a man to do and pay me before it is too late, I am prepared to end my days in prison or die on the scafford rather than be
<hi rend="italic">cheated</hi> by the
<hi rend="italic">cursed</hi> daughter of an English Bishop. I am Madame, your unfor
<lb/>tunate servant, James Copp."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was an agreement in 1891, that you should receive 30s. a week, 2s. for tools and £1 at the end of the season for the" use of top boots; you were to have a suit of livery, a livery hat and an overcoat—there was no agreement that at the end of the season you were to have the livery; at the end of two years you were allowed to take it away—A suit of livery generally lasts two years—the last man in my service did not have a suit every year.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "There is no threat to murder in the letter: it says how I have been treated. I said, "You have kept me out of a situation a year and six months; my things are sold; everything I had is gone and I wish to come to a settlement, "I got no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence:</hi> I never thought of threatening Miss Monk, I have not been near her house or caused her the slightest annoyance; I simply begged her to come to a settlement; if she had given me the clothes there would have been an end of it; I merely alluded to the death of Mr. Terriss as showing what hunger would cause a man to do; I never thought of doing Miss Monk any harm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18980207-169-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-169-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-169-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-169-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-169-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-169-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-169-18980207 t18980207-169-punishment-33"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-170">
<interp inst="t18980207-170" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18980207"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-170" type="date" value="18980207"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18980207-170-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-170-18980207 t18980207-170-offence-1 t18980207-170-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-170-18980207" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-170-18980207" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-170-18980207" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-170-18980207" type="surname" value="CHILD"/>
<interp inst="def1-170-18980207" type="given" value="JANETTE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANETTE CHILD</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18980207-170-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-170-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-170-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/>, For the wilful murder of her infant child.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18980207-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18980207-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-190" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-name-190" type="given" value="PERCIVAL"/>MR. E. PERCIVAL CLARKE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEOAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in the hearing of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY, PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to conceal
<lb/>ment of birth, and the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">thereupon found her</hi>
<rs id="t18980207-170-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-170-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-170-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of concealment of birth.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18980207-170-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18980207-170-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18980207-170-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-170-18980207 t18980207-170-punishment-34"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18980207-171">
<interp inst