<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18970914">
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ., Q.C.,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Tuesday, September 14th, 1897, and following days,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>. Sir
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE FAUDEL PHILLIPS</hi>, Bart,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-1" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-1" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">GAINSFORD BRUCE</hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-2" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-2" type="given" value="JOHN NOEL"/>JOHN NOEL MOORE</persName> </hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-3" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-3" type="given" value="WALTER VAUGHAN"/>WALTER VAUGHAN MORGAN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK PRATT ALLISTON</hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-4" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KNILL</persName> </hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., Q.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-5" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-5" type="given" value="JAMES THOMSON"/>JAMES THOMSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT HARGREAVES ROGERS</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WEBSTER GLYNES</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RICHARD CLARENCE HALSE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140003"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILLIPS, MAYOR. ELEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have bean more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, September</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> 1897.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-548-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-548-18970914" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-548-18970914" type="surname" value="WINDSOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-548-18970914" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WINDSOR</hi> (28)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-548-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-548-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-548-18970914" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-548-18970914" type="surname" value="BONNICK"/>
<interp inst="def2-548-18970914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BONNICK</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-548-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-548-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-548-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-548-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-548-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-548-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>to stealing thirteen pigeons and two tame fowls, the property of
<persName id="t18970914-name-8" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-8" type="surname" value="WINDSOR"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-8" type="given" value="ALFRED BROWN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-548-offence-1 t18970914-name-8"/>Alfred Brown, Windsor</persName>,*</rs>† having been convicted at West minster in April, 1893.
<hi rend="largeCaps">WINDSOR</hi>
<rs id="t18970914-548-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-548-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-548-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-548-18970914 t18970914-548-punishment-1"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BONNICK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">received a good character.—
<rs id="t18970914-548-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-548-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-548-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-548-18970914 t18970914-548-punishment-2"/>To enter into his own Recog
<lb/>nizances.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-549-18970914" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-549-18970914" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JACKSON</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-549-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-549-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-549-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18970914-name-10" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-10" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-10" type="surname" value="DISMORE"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-10" type="given" value="MARY HELEN DOROTHY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-549-offence-1 t18970914-name-10"/>Mary Helen Dorothy Dismore</persName>, and stealing a bracelet, the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t18970914-name-11" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-11" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-11" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-11" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-549-offence-1 t18970914-name-11"/>Mary Phillips</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-549-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-549-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-549-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-549-18970914 t18970914-549-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-549-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-549-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-549-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-550-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-550-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-550-18970914" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-550-18970914" type="surname" value="STRATTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-550-18970914" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY STRATTON</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-550-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-550-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-550-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to five indictments for stealing cheques for £63 12s. 6d. and other sums, the property of
<persName id="t18970914-name-13" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-13" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-13" type="given" value="HERMAN FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-550-offence-1 t18970914-name-13"/>Herman Francis Moore</persName> and another, his masters,</rs> and
<rs id="t18970914-550-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-550-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-550-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to making false entries in a book belonging to his said masters.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-550-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-550-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-550-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-550-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-550-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-550-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-550-18970914 t18970914-550-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-551-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-551-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-551-18970914" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-551-18970914" type="surname" value="CARRERA"/>
<interp inst="def1-551-18970914" type="given" value="JAMES JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES JOSEPH CARRERA</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-551-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-551-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-551-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing cheques for £740 10s. 9d. and £1,563 10s. 9d., the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t18970914-name-15" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-15" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-15" type="given" value="LOUIS HUTH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-551-offence-1 t18970914-name-15"/>Louis Huth Jackson</persName> and others, his masters,</rs> and
<rs id="t18970914-551-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-551-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-551-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to making false entries in their books.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-551-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-551-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-551-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-551-18970914 t18970914-551-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-551-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-551-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-551-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-552-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-552-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-552-18970914" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-552-18970914" type="surname" value="HERON"/>
<interp inst="def1-552-18970914" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CHARLES HERON</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-552-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-552-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-552-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully appropriating to his own use £3,342 12s. 4d. Three percent. India Stock, he being trustee of
<persName id="t18970914-name-17" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-17" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-17" type="given" value="THOMAS LEONARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-552-offence-1 t18970914-name-17"/>Thomas Leonard Walters</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-552-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-552-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-552-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-552-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-552-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-552-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-552-18970914 t18970914-552-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-553-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-553-18970914" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-553-18970914" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-553-18970914" type="surname" value="SAYERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-553-18970914" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN SAYERS</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-553-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-553-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-553-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to four indictments, respectively, for forging and uttering a notice of with-drawal and a receipt for £40, a receipt for £2 1s. 4d., and a notice of withdrawal for £1, from the Post Office Savings Bank. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner stated she spent the money onbehalf of Mrs. Herbert, the depositor.—
<rs id="t18970914-553-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-553-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-553-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-553-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-553-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-553-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-553-18970914 t18970914-553-punishment-7"/>Judgment Respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18970914-554" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-554" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-554-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-554-18970914 t18970914-554-offence-1 t18970914-554-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-554-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-554-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-18970914" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-18970914" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-18970914" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-18970914" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS HOLLOWAY</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-554-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-554-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-554-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing, while employed by the Post Office, a post letter containing twelve penny postage stamps and a post letter containing six penny and one ha fpenny postage stamps, the property of the
<persName id="t18970914-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-554-offence-1 t18970914-name-20"/>Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-554-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-554-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-554-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-554-18970914 t18970914-554-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-554-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-554-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-554-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-555-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-555-18970914 t18970914-555-offence-1 t18970914-555-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-555-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-555-18970914 t18970914-555-offence-2 t18970914-555-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-555-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-555-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-18970914" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-18970914" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-18970914" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR TAYLOR</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-555-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-555-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-555-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to five indictments for stealing two postal packets containing a box of pills and a box of pomade,</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18970914-555-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-555-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-555-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>two umbrellas and a hat, the property of the
<persName id="t18970914-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-22" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-555-offence-2 t18970914-name-22"/>Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-555-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-555-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-555-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-555-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-555-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-555-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-555-18970914 t18970914-555-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140004"/>
<p>And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-556">
<interp inst="t18970914-556" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-556" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-556-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-556-18970914 t18970914-556-offence-1 t18970914-556-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-556-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-556-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-18970914" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-18970914" type="surname" value="NOLAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-18970914" type="given" value="CONGRAVE JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CONGRAVE JAMES NOLAN</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-556-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-556-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-556-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to four indictments for forging and uttering orders, one for the payment of £5, and three of £3 each.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-556-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-556-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-556-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-556-18970914 t18970914-556-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-556-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-556-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-556-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-557">
<interp inst="t18970914-557" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-557" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-557-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-557-18970914 t18970914-557-offence-1 t18970914-557-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-557-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-557-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-18970914" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-18970914" type="given" value="FREDERICK WALTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-18970914" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WALTER JOHNSON</hi> (2)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-557-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-557-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-557-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing, whilst em
<lb/>ployed under the Post Office, a post letter, the property of the
<persName id="t18970914-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-25" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-557-offence-1 t18970914-name-25"/>Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-26" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-26" type="given" value="SAMUEL JOHN"/>SAMUEL JOHN HOLLOWAY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the General Post Office—a portion of my duty is to investigate matters of complaint connected with the South-Western District Office—on July 28th I made up a letter addressed to the" Secretary of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Jermyn Street, London, S.W."—it enclosed a postal order for 5s., No. J/94 182013, and one for 1s. 6d., No. B/35 708736—I posted it in a S.W. District box at 6.50 p.m. on July 28th, having given instructions to Inspector Banks, and having made up this fac
<lb/>simile envelope letter which I gave to P.C. Shayler, with instructions.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I have not said that that letter was put in with letters you had to deal with—I was informed so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-27" type="surname" value="BANKS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-27" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY BANKS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector, S.W. District, P.O.</hi>). On July 28th, in consequence of instructions given to me by Holloway at 6.50 p.m., I took from the letter-box a letter addressed to the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, and placed it with Johnson's letters for the eight p.m. delivery—that would be the seven o'clock collection—he would reach the office about 7.25 p.m., and leave at 8.25 to 8.30 p.m.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I put it with the letters you had to deal with first, although they were not all to be delivered on your beat—I saw you clear it in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-28" type="surname" value="SHAYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-28" type="given" value="HUGH EDWARD"/>HUGH EDWARD SHAYLER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">P.O. Constable</hi>). Acting on instructions, on July 29th I was present when the letter-box of the Society for the Pre
<lb/>vention of Cruelty to Animals, in Jermyn Street, was unlocked about eight a.m.—I took this made-up letter with me, and looked for a similar one—there was not any similar letter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-29" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-29" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-29" type="given" value="MARTHA CHARLOTTE"/>MARTHA CHARLOTTE WARREN</persName> </hi>. I am employed at the Churton Street Branch Post-office—part of my duty is to pay postal orders—on July 29th, between five and six p.m., the prisoner presented about nine orders for payment, including these for 5s. and 1s. 6d., Nos. J/94 182013 and B/35 708736—I paid him the money; my initials are on the orders—they were not stamped by the issuing office, and I asked him if he could tell me the office—he asked me to hand them back; I did so, and he told me they were issued at Ightham, in Essex, and this is my writing: "Issued at Ightham."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not remember the exact minute you came, but I remember you spelt it Igtham.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, said that though he had to divide, he had not to deliver those letters, and that on the afternoon when he was said to have called at Churton Street he was at Windsor.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-557-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-557-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-557-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">There were two similar indictments against the prisoner.—
<rs id="t18970914-557-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-557-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-557-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-557-18970914 t18970914-557-punishment-11"/>Fifteen Mouths' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140005"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, September</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1897.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-558">
<interp inst="t18970914-558" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-558" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-558-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-558-18970914 t18970914-558-offence-1 t18970914-558-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-558-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-558-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-18970914" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-18970914" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-18970914" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ANDERSON</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-558-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-558-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-558-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice within ten days.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-31" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-31" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>MINNIE HAMMOND</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the George, Old Bailey—on Sunday, August 31st, about ten p.m., two men came in after each other—the first asked for some lemonade, price 2d., and the other for a small glass of whisky, price 1 1/2d.—the first man gave me a crown; I put it on the counter, and as it was rather a funny colour, I showed it to Miss Wheeldon, who was behind the bar—I then took it up again, and gave change to the man it came from—I did not take it out of the till till after eleven; there was no other crown there when I put it in or when I took it out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I did not mark it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-32" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-32" type="surname" value="WHEELDON"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-32" type="given" value="AUGUSTA"/>AUGUSTA WHEELDON</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the George—on this Sunday evening I was serving with Miss Hammond, and saw the prisoner come in alone at ten o'clock or 10.15; he called for some lemonade and bitter beer, and put a crown piece on the counter; Miss Hammond took it up and put it in the till—I was present that night when the landlady cleared the till; there was not much in it; there was only one crown; this is it—on Wednesday, August 4th, I picked the prisoner out at the Police-court from a number of others.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I swear you are the man—the constable did not point you out to me; Miss Hammond had gone in before me, and she was sit
<lb/>ting at the back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-33" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-33" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY HARVEY</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Black Dog, Shoe Lane—on August 4th, about ten p.m., the prisoner came in for some lemonade and bitter, and gave me a crown; I saw that it was bad, and handed it to Mr. Davis, the manager—this is it; he gave the prisoner in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Other persons were in the bar; I did not recognise you at the station till you stood up, but I saw you taken in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-34" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-34" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Black Dog—on the night of August 4th Harvey showed me a bad crown; I turned to the prisoner, and said, "This is a bad coin '—he said, "Is it?"—I said, "Yes, where did you get it?"—he said, "From Hurst Farm on Monday"—I gave him in custody with the coin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-35" type="surname" value="KENNEDY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-35" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES KENNEDY</persName> </hi> (349,
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). On the night of August 4th I was called to the Black Dog, and the manager gave the prisoner into my custody—he said, "I got it at Hurst Park on Monday"—he never said that he had not passed it at all—I found on him 11s. in silver, 11d. in bronze, and two empty purses—he was charged on the two utterings, and said, "I know nothing about that coin, but the other coin I got at Hurst Park on Monday—I was present when Miss Wheeldon picked him out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Both the witnesses were not in at the same time; Miss Hammond went out, and then Miss Wheeldon came.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. It is not true that I pointed out the prisoner to Miss Wheeldon; no policeman did so—they went into the station together, and when one went out the other came in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">M. HAMMOND</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I went in first, and could not identify</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140006"/>
<p>him; I then went to the back seat behind the row—Miss Wheeldon did not go in with me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-36" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-36" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK ALLEN</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Cooper's Arms—on July 19th about midnight, the prisoner asked for some Scotch cold, and gave me a crown piece—I tested it, found it bad, and showed it to Mr. Andrews, who took it to the prisoner, who said that he got it in change for a sove-reign at a public-house the same evening—he was given in charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-37" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-37" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY ANDREWS</persName> </hi>. I keep the Cooper's Arras, Tower Street, Kensing
<lb/>ton—on August 19th Allen handed me a crown piece—I tried it with acid, and found it was bad; I asked the prisoner if he had any more money—he said, "No"—I sent for a constable, showed him the coin, and then we went to the station—he paid 2d. for the whisky—this is the coin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not mark it, but there is a mark on it, and one on the left which I recognise.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-38" type="surname" value="CUMBY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-38" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CUMBY</persName> </hi> (211
<hi rend="italic">L</hi>). On July 19th I was called to the Cooper's Arms, and the prisoner was given into my custody—he said that he got the coin in change for a sovereign—I received it from Mr. Andrews—he gave no name—I took him to the station—about 18s. in silver and bronze was found on him—there was only one case against him, and he was dis
<lb/>arged—he gave his name as John Ryan when he was charged; he gave two addresses.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-39" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-39" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these two crowns are bad, and from the same mould; the third is from a different mould, and is not so well made.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence:</hi> I never went into the first house; I do not know such a place. As to the second charge, I had a two-shilling piece; I know nothing whatever of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-558-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-558-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-558-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18970914-558-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-558-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-558-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-558-18970914 t18970914-558-punishment-12"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-559">
<interp inst="t18970914-559" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-559" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-559-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-559-18970914 t18970914-559-offence-1 t18970914-559-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-559-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-559-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18970914" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18970914" type="surname" value="SOLOVITCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18970914" type="given" value="MAX"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAX SOLOVITCH</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-559-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-559-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-559-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and the evidence was interpreted to</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">the Prisoner.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-41" type="surname" value="RICHES"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-41" type="given" value="ALBERT JOHN"/>ALBERT JOHN RICHES</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Queen's Head beer-house, Commercial Street—on July 3rd a woman came in for half a pint of beer, and gave me what she said was half a crown—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I did not like the look of it, and gave it back to her—a second woman then came in with the same coin—I saw the first woman down the street, and I know now that she was near Mr. Rosenthal's sweetstuff shop—I went near that shop, and saw a man come out and run after another man, and the woman who gave me the half-crown was with him—she went down the street, and I saw the man get hold of her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-42" type="surname" value="ROSENTHAL"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-42" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS ROSENTHAL</persName> </hi>. I am a confectioner, of 11, White's Row, Com
<lb/>mercial Street, opposite the Queen's Head—on July 23rd the prisoner came in, and his wife was waiting at the door—he spoke Yeddish; I served him; he gave me a half-crown; I did not look at it, but said, "I have got no change," and sent my servant out with it, and while she was out two customers came in, and the prisoner said to me, "I should ask these two chaps if they have change for a half-crown"—I got 2s. from them, which I gave to the prisoner, and twenty farthings, as he said he had not time to wait for the servant's return—he left with the change</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140007"/>
<p>and the sweets—I did not see the half-crown again—I went after the prisoner and brought him back, and said. "What made you give me false money?"—he said, "I have been cheated by somebody, so I am inclined to cheat you"—a constable was sent for.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-43" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-43" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-43" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am servant to Mr. Rosenthal—he gave me a half-crown on July 24th—I took it to Mr. Ritches' beer-shop and handed it to him—he handed it back to me, and as I went back I spoke to a constable—this is it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-44" type="surname" value="EDE"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-44" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR EDE</persName> </hi> (113
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On July 25th I was on duty near Commercial Street—Smith spoke to me, and handed me this coin—I went to Mr. Rosenthal's shop, and found the prisoner detained—Mr. Rosenthal said, "This man tried to swindle me with a bad half-crown"—I took the prisoner to the station, searched him, and found a good half-sovereign and four farthings—they were taken before a Magistrate, and the woman was dis
<lb/>charged, as his wife—a man volunteered to interpret at the station, and the prisoner said that he was buying in the market, and some man gave him the half-crown, and he did not know it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-45" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to H.M. Mint; this half-crown is bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate, and in his defence, said, through the interpreter, that he received the coin in the market, and did not know it was bad. He denied saying that he had been cheated, and was going to cheat again, and that he offered to pay Mr. Rosenthal with a half-sovereign.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-559-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-559-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-559-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-560">
<interp inst="t18970914-560" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-560" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-560-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-560-18970914 t18970914-560-offence-1 t18970914-560-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-560-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-560-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18970914" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18970914" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18970914" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WALTERS</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-560-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-560-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-560-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-47" type="surname" value="PERKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-47" type="given" value="ALFRED CHARLES"/>ALFRED CHARLES PERKINS</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Prince of Wales, Villiers Street, Strand—on August 11th, between 9.30 and ten p.m., the prisoner asked for some mild and bitter, and put down a coin; I bent it under my hand, broke it in two pieces, put it on the counter, and told him it was bad; he made no reply, but went away—I do not know what be
<lb/>came of the pieces—some days afterwards I picked him out from a num
<lb/>ber of others at the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-48" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-48" type="surname" value="BRENCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-48" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA BRENCHER</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Griffin, Villiers Street, close to the Prince of Wales—on August 11th I served the prisoner with two glasses of ale; he gave me this florin—I examined it, and handed it to Mrs. Cockburn, who told the prisoner it was bad—I saw it put in the tester and broken in half—these are the pieces—he offered me a good half-crown in payment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-49" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-49" type="surname" value="COCKBURN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-49" type="given" value="MARIA"/>MARIA COCKBURN</persName> </hi>. I am manageress at the Griffin—on the night of August 11th Brencher handed me a crown, purporting to be a florin—I went to the counter and told the prisoner it was bad; he said, "How do you know that?"—I said, "I will soon show you," and broke it in two pieces in the tester—he asked me for the pieces, but I would not give him them—he was given in charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-50" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-50" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CURTIS</persName> </hi> (15
<hi rend="italic">ER</hi>). On August 11th, shortly before ten p.m., I was called to the Griffin, and the prisoner was given into my custody and charged—he said, "I did not know it was bad"—I found on him a small portion of a bad shilling, a half-crown, a shilling, a sixpence, and twopence—I took him to the station—he made no reply to the charge—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140008"/>
<p>declined to give his address, and he gave a wrong name—I was pre
<lb/>sent when Perkins identified him from several others on the Monday following.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-51" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-51" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are counterfeit, and this is a portion of another—these two pieces make a complete coin—the little piece has nothing to do with it.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-560-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-560-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-560-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18970914-560-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-560-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-560-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-560-18970914 t18970914-560-punishment-13"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1897.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Bruce.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-561">
<interp inst="t18970914-561" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-561" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-561-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-561-18970914 t18970914-561-offence-1 t18970914-561-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-561-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-561-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-18970914" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-18970914" type="surname" value="MARIOTTINI"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-18970914" type="given" value="AUGUSTE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AUGUSTE MARIOTTINI</hi> (49)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18970914-561-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-561-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-561-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18970914-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-53" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-53" type="surname" value="MARIOTTINI"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-53" type="given" value="MARIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-561-offence-1 t18970914-name-53"/>Maria Mariottini</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. C. F. GILL, HORACE AVORY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. E. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-54" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-54" type="surname" value="MARIOTTINI"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-54" type="given" value="AUGUSTS"/>AUGUSTS MARIOTTINI</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's son, and live at 14, Park-side, Knightsbridge, a cafe—on July 21st I was unwell, and confined to my room on the second-floor back—my younger brother occupied the room with me—my father, mother, and two sisters, aged sixteen and six, also lived in the house—my sisters slept on the third floor—in the course of July 21st my father came to my room in the daytime to see me, and between nine and 9.30 p.m.; that was the last time I saw him that night—I last saw my mother that day between three and four p.m—my attention was not called to anything in the course of the night—the water police awoke me next morning at 6.30—I found the house in the possession of the police.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The coffee-house business has been carried on for about ten years—I am eighteen—my father and mother always lived quite happily until quite recently—my mother was a perfectly virtuous, good, and pure woman—about three years ago I remember an explosion of gas in the coffee-shop; in consequence of it my father was dashed through a glass door with great violence, and received such injuries about the head, face, and hands that he had to go to St. George's Hospital for five months—when he came back I noticed that his manner was greatly changed—he was very irritable and suspicious; he would fly into the greatest possible rage at the smallest provocation—he always suspected my mother of misconducting herself with the waiters and the customers—some painful scenes took place in the shop—he put up a written notice on a lavatory door that it was for ladies only, and not for gentlemen; that was his unreasoning jealousy—there were four private dining-rooms upstairs—for about ten days before July 21st, my father had very little sleep at nights; he suf
<lb/>fered fearfully from insomnia—he walked up and down the house at night, talking and muttering to himself—the cafe opensabout eight a.m.—none of the waiters sleep on the premises; they come about eight o'clock—my sister lets them in—when the waiters came the prisoner would lay down on a sofa for half an hour and then get up, and, so far as I know, that was the only rest he had for ten days before July 21st—I got so frightened as to his condition that I advised him to go into the country for change of air—the customers noticed the change in his appearance and manner, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140009"/>
<p>spoke to me about it—when the prisoner said good night to me at nine p.m. on July 21st, I noticed he was in a highly nervous and excitable condition—his eyes were starting from their sockets—he com
<lb/>plained that he was suffering great pains in the head—after the gas explosion he frequently complained of pains at the back of his head, and he used to put his hands to the back of his head—he has said that his brains seemed to be bursting through his skull—he was a most temperate man—after the cafe was first started he took great interest in the business, and worked it up—latterly he neglected his business greatly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Very often male and female customers were in the shop when the scenes I have described took place—he complained of too much familiarity between my mother and men customers sometimes—he said, "You should not be so familiar with customers, but keep your own place"—she denied it—I have been present in the shop just before those observations have been made; no familiarity had taken place—between two and three months ago, my father in my presence made definite accusation against a waiter, aged twenty-eight or thirty, of having been familiar with my mother upstairs—my mother was present—the waiter had left about a week before he made that accusation—my mother simply denied the accusa
<lb/>tion—it led to a quarrel, and then it ended—I advised the prisoner to go into the country for change of air on 21st July, and before then several times.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-55" type="surname" value="GIOVANNI"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-55" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GIOVANNI</persName> </hi>. I have been employed as a waiter at 14, Parkside, Knightsbridge, for about eighteen months; I was there on July 21st—I left that night at 10.45—the prisoner was then at the back of the bar; he bade me good night as I came out—his wife was sitting down at a table opposite the counter in the shop on the ground floor, finishing her supper—he had been speaking to his wife during that evening; they bad both been in and out of the bar, serving, all the evening—sometimes she would assist at the bar in the evening when we were busy—they seemed on their usual friendly terms that evening; I did not see anything different—they seemed very friendly that night—next morning, when I came to work and went to open a window, I found a shirt stained with blood on the sofa in the top front room—that was a room, used by customers and members of the family—it was not a bedroom.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mrs. Mariottini was a thoroughly respectable lady—she did not misconduct herself with the customers; she was always very honest, and a good working woman—the bar was not for drinking, but was a kind of serving bar, where dishes coming from the kitchen would be received—during the last three months there has been a great change in the prisoner's manner; he got very angry and very suspicious—on the evening of the 21st, up to the time I left, he had been walking up and down the shop, muttering to himself and gesticulating, and throw
<lb/>ing his arms about—he went outside the door and looked, and came back, and looked at the table, and moved about—I did not know which way to take him—his manner seemed very strange—he often complained to me that he was unable to sleep at night, and he always had a curious pain in his head—he thought his brain was coming out of his skull—he put his hand on his head—he told me that many times, and I advised him to go to the doctor—he sometimes stood in the shop and shouted out at the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140010"/>
<p>highest pitch of his voice—sometimes customers would go out because he was in such an excitable state, and made such a noise—he appeared to have given up all interest in his business, particularly the last two days or so; he gave me the key of the cellar and the key of the till, which he had never done before—he said his brain was not fit for business—we sold cooked food, mineral waters, and coffee, no wine—he was always in and out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. The whole house was occupied by the prisoner and his family—no bedrooms were let out to the general public.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-56" type="surname" value="COSTA"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-56" type="given" value="LORENZO DA"/>LORENZO DA COSTA</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Prince's Court, Soho—in July last I was second hand in the prisoner's kitchen at Knightsbridge—I left at ten minutes after midnight on July 22nd—I was the last to leave—the prisoner and his wife were there then—he was outside and she inside the counter—he said, "All right in the kitchen?"—I said, "Yes"—he said, "Good night"—he and his wife must have been on good terms, because I heard no quarrels.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am always in the kitchen—I had only been there for a week—I know nothing of what took place before I went there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-57" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PAGE</persName> </hi> (78
<hi rend="italic">A</hi>). About 3.35 a.m. on July 22nd I was on duty at the River Terrace, Westminster Palace, when I heard a splash in the water near Westminster Bridge—I looked out on the water, and saw a man struggling in the water near the centre arch of the bridge—he came to the surface, and fired five shots from a revolver; after the fifth shot the trigger went down with a click, but there was no report—I was right facing the man—I blew my whistle to attract the attention of the River Police—their boat came up after three or four minutes—the man seemed to be swimming.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was striking out in the ordinary way of swim
<lb/>ming—after firing the five shots and clicking the trigger he dropped the revolver—I could not say how the revolver was pointed when it was fired—the tide was flowing, and he gradually came towards me, and had drifted about 100 yards with the tide by the time he was rescued.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-58" type="surname" value="LINSTEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-58" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED LINSTEAD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector, Thames Police</hi>). About 3.40 a.m. on July 22nd I was on duty in a police galley—I heard reports of a revolver coming from Westminster Bridge—T rowed in the galley to the spot, and saw a man struggling in the water and throwing his arms about; he was not swimming or doing anything to keep himself from sinking—he was carried up some distance by the flood tide; he was about 100 yards from the bridge when we got to him, I should think—I saw him disappear two or three times before we got to him—I was steering, standing up in the galley—when we got up to him he tried to avoid the boat—I and another constable caught hold of him and pulled him in—I took him to Westminster Bridge, and sent for an ambulance—on getting him into the ambulance he said, "Why did not you let me finish it?"—T assisted to take-him to St. Thomas's Hospital, and helped to undress him—he had all his clothes on—Awhile undressing him he said, "Don't disturb them"—I said, "Don't disturb whom?"—he said, "I have killed my wife"—I said, "With the revolver?"—he said, "No, with a knife; I fired at my head four times"—I asked his name and address; he gave the address, 14, Parkside—I went there that early morning; I knocked at the door, and received no answer—I noticed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140011"/>
<p>a bunch of keys lying on the pavement inside the iron railings in front of the shop door—the railings are about three feet from the front door, with a kind of gateway—with one of the keys I opened the front door, and, with a sergeant and constable, entered the bouse—on getting in at the front door, there is a passage leading to the foot of the staircase, and to the right, and about four or five yards further on were stairs down to the basement—the restaurant is on the ground floor—I went down the steps to the basement, and at the foot of the steps, sharp round to the right, I saw two patches of blood on the floor covered with freshly strewn saw-dust; the blood had partly soaked through the sawdust—on looking further I saw the body of a woman lying on the right side, fully dressed, in a large pool of blood—I left it in the same position until the doctor, for whom I sent immediately, came—Dr. Evans, the divisional surgeon, and Inspector Hornsby came about 6.30—the basement is used as the kitchen—the head of the body was nearly underneath the steps, which lead right into the kitchen—I did not see any signs of blood on the steps going down to the kitchen—I went in through the street door, and not through the shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-59" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-59" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SIMPSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Thames Police</hi>). I was in the police boat on the morning of July 22nd, and heard the four shots fired—I rowed to the spot; the prisoner was taken into the boat, and afterwards to St. Thomas's Hospital—I was left in charge of him there in the ward—he said, "I have killed my wife by stabbing her with a large knife; she had worried me so much for a long time that I told her she wtmld make me murder her, but she said, 'You are too big a coward'"—he said, "I changed my shirt' before I left home on account or its being all over blood"—I made this note at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When he made that statement he seemed very much upset and excited—he was perfectly sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-60" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-60" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MCCARTHY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Inspector, B</hi>). Having heard what had occurred on the morning of July 22nd, I went to the ward of St. Thomas's Hospital where the prisoner was in bed—he knew me personally—I said, "Mr. Mariottini, you know me?"—he replied, "Yes"—I said, "Let me caution you before I tell you what I am going to charge you with, for if you say anything I must take it down, and it may be used against you"—I then told him I should take him into custody on a charge of murder
<lb/>ing his wife by stabbing her, and he would be further charged with attempting to commit suicide by throwing himself into the River Thames—he replied, "Everything is right what you say; I had a quarrel with my wife; I have been unhappy for twenty years"—I took him in a cab to Gerard Road Police-station, where he was formally charged—when the charge was read to him he said, "Do what you like; I don't care; it is true"—he was taken to the Police-court the same day; on the way he said, "I have had a miserable life"—I went to 14, Parkside, at about two and five—in a bedroom on the top floor I found a pair of boots and jacket—there was a good deal of wet blood on both boots, with saw-dust adhering to it—there was blood on the coat-cuff; the doctor ex
<lb/>amined it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew the prisoner and his wife—she was un-doubtedly a thoroughly virtuous, respectable, and hard-working woman—I had known her about eleven months, but my inquiries go back</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140014"/>
<p>eighteen years, since they first came to England—the prisoner was very highly thought of by his fellow-countrymen in London, and by the trades-men in the neighbourhood of Knightsbridge—they were both respected by their neighbours.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-61" type="surname" value="HORNSBY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-61" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HORNSBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector, B</hi>). About 6.20 a.m. on July 22nd I went to 14, Parkside—Dr. Evans arrived just before me—on the kitchen table I saw this cook's knife—I saw some blood-stains on the blade near the handle—under the woman's body was a broken glass mineral water bottle stained with blood—on the kitchen mantelpiece I found this hammer—there were no marks on it—I afterwards went to the hospital and saw the prisoner—I was in uniform—after a few minutes he opened his eyes and looked at me, and said, "Where are my children?"—I said, "They are all right"—he said, "What a disgraceful thing! what will my friends say?"—soon after that Inspector McCarthy came in and charged him—while leaving the hospital in the corridor the prisoner said, "She did not want me; I could go; she had other men for years."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-62" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-62" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM EVANS</persName> </hi>. I am a medical practitioner and assistant divisional surgeon to the police, at 85, Pimlico Road—on July 22nd, shortly after six a.m., I arrived at 14, Parkside—I saw the dead body of a woman lying in the basement—I judged she had been dead about six hours—I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination the same day—I found twenty-eight wounds altogether; twenty-five of them were punctured and incited, and three contused—two of the contused wounds were on the left side of the head, above the left ear, and the third just in front of the left ear, on the side of the face—there were two punctured wounds in the left breast, four in the left side of the abdominal wall, three on the right side, two very superficial wounds in the middle line, one above and one below the navel—all the wounds on the left side of the abdomen entered into the peritoneal cavity; two on the right entered into that cavity—the bowels were punctured in one place, and nicked in two other places—there was a punc
<lb/>tured wound in the left side of the chest, which had gone through into the pericardium, the bag surrounding the heart—there were two incised wounds in the palm of the left hand, and one on the palm of the right hand; those might have been caused by the woman trying to protect her
<lb/>self—there was also a punctured wound at the back between the shoulder-blades—it did not penetrate the thorax, but went deeply under the skin; its direction was upwards and forwards; its depth was about four inches, and its width one inch—it must have been done by a sharp instrument used with some violence—the deceased was fully dressed—the two wounds in the left breast had gone through her clothes; the one on the back, the one on the side, and two of the abdominal wounds had gone through her chemise—the others might have been done under her clothes—she had no corsets on—the wounds might have been caused by this knife—I think the two contused wounds above the left ear might have been caused by this part of this hammer, because the skull was fractured under the upper wound; it was a very severe wound—there was a depressed fracture half an inch long and a quarter of an inch wide, of an oval shape—the other contused wound in front of the ear might have been caused by the soda
<lb/>water bottle, or by the woman falling down—the wounds, or some of them, were the cause of death—the stomach was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140015"/>
<p>full of undigested food—I should say the woman had eaten half an hour before her death—my opinion is that all the wounds were caused before death, as they were gaping, and considerable bleeding had taken place, which would not happen after death.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The blade of this knife is slightly turned at the point—on July 21st and 22nd, I think, the weather was extremely close and oppressive.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-63" type="surname" value="CATANIO"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-63" type="given" value="PAUL"/>PAUL CATANIO</persName> </hi>. I live at Redstock Street, Park Road, Battersea—I was employed as
<hi rend="italic">chef</hi> at this cafe at Parkside, and had been there about five months—on Wednesday morning, July 21st, I went with the prisoner shopping—he said he had a very bad pain in his head, and that he was going to see a doctor—he said, "I want to finish this life soon"—I last saw him between 8.30 and 8.45 that night—I left work at ten—my work was in the kitchen—this is my knife; I left it on the kitchen table—the point was not bent, as it is now, when I left it there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner frequently complained to me of pains in his head—he has put his hand to his head, and said his brains were coming through his skull—he said he had been unable to sleep—he said that four or five days before July 21st he had got up at three or four in the morning, as he could not sleep—I noticed he was very strange in his manner—when I heard of this tragedy I was in no way surprised—I thought his manner was very peculiar.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-64" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-64" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SCOTT</persName> </hi>, M.B. I am the prison doctor at Holloway—the prisoner has been under my supervision since July 22nd—I have seen him daily—he has been in the prison hospital for closer observation—I have been present in Court during this trial—Dr. Bastian, Dr. Maudesley, and I have had a consultation as to his mental condition—Dr. Bastian is here—I consider the prisoner is now insane, and that such was his condition on July 21st, and that he was not then responsible for his actions, and did not understand the nature and quality of his acts—I have examined his cranium—there is a depression of the skull at the back of the head—the place to which the witnesses said he put his hand would represent the place—I should think the injury he received there may have affected his mental powers, having regard to the evidence as to the alteration in his mental condition afterwards—probably the close and oppressive weather on July 21st would aggravate the symptoms.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner has stated over and over again his ideas as to his wife's infidelity, and brought very serious charges against her moral character—I can find nothing in the sworn evidence which sup
<lb/>ports him—he has also stated that on two or three occasions he was de
<lb/>cidedly of opinion she attempted to poison him, and that he was under the impression that she was robbing him and allowing others to do so in his business—the facts he adduced as proof of these statements seemed to me quite inadequate—my opinion is that he is now suffering from in
<lb/>sane delusions—in my opinion, the evidence goes to show that during the four or five days before he committed the crime, or perhaps longer, his mental condition was abnormal, and his restlessness, excitement, inability to sleep, and inability to attend to business seem to point to a more acute state of this disease during that time—his insanity was of such a nature</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140016"/>
<p>as to prevent his knowing the nature and quality of the act he committed the quality of the act, at any rate.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The fact of his possessing a revolver, and, instead of shooting his wife, inflicting twenty-eight wounds on her, strengthens my opinion, and the fact of his jumping into the river, and then trying to shoot himself in the water, points to his frenzied condition at the time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-65" type="surname" value="BASTIAN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-65" type="given" value="HENRY CHARLTON"/>HENRY CHARLTON BASTIAN</persName> </hi>, F.R.C.P., M.D., F.R.S. I am physician to University College Hospital and to the National Hospital of Paralysed and Epileptics—I examined the prisoner on August 11th and 18th—I heard and agree with Dr. Scott's evidence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I agree that, from his condition now, he probably on July 21st did not appreciate the nature and quality of the act he was committing—I think he is now suffering from insane delusions, and that he was then, and that the act was committed under the influence of those delusions.</p>
<rs id="t18970914-561-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-561-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-561-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the act, but being insane at the time, so as not to be responsible for his actions.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18970914-561-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-561-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-561-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-561-18970914 t18970914-561-punishment-14"/>To be detained during Her Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-562">
<interp inst="t18970914-562" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-562" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-562-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-562-18970914 t18970914-562-offence-1 t18970914-562-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-562-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-562-18970914 t18970914-562-offence-2 t18970914-562-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-562-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-562-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18970914" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18970914" type="surname" value="BULL"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18970914" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BULL</hi> (58)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-562-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-562-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-562-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>, was charged on the Coroner's Inquisition I with the murder of
<persName id="t18970914-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-67" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-67" type="surname" value="STEWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-67" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-562-offence-1 t18970914-name-67"/>Catherine Steward</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence, as the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAND JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">had ignored the bill.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-562-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-562-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-562-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-562-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-562-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-562-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18970914-562-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-562-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-562-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>to attempting to commit suicide.</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-562-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-562-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-562-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-562-18970914 t18970914-562-punishment-15"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-563">
<interp inst="t18970914-563" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-563" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-563-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-18970914 t18970914-563-offence-1 t18970914-563-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-563-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-563-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-18970914" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-18970914" type="surname" value="CRONIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-18970914" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JOHN CRONIN</hi> (27)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18970914-563-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-563-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-563-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18970914-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-69" type="surname" value="CUTHBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-69" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-563-offence-1 t18970914-name-69"/>Eliza Cuthbert</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. C. F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COUNSEL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">at the request of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-70" type="surname" value="HAWKYARD"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-70" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT HAWKYARD</persName> </hi> (354
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">produced and proved plans and tracings of the Richard Cobden public-house, Carr Street, Maroon Street, and</hi> 16,
<hi rend="italic">Carr Street.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-71" type="surname" value="CUTHBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-71" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CUTHBERT</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at 16, Carr Street, Lime-house—I ave known the prisoner by sight two or three months—I was working at unloaoing the wood-boats in the Regent's Canal—there was a strike among the workmen at the wharf at Regent's Canal, and I went to work elsewhere, at Mr. George Cohen's, the iron merchant—I am married, and have twelve children—my daughter Elizabeth is seventeen, and I had a baby ten months old—about midnight on July 23rd I left my house and went to the Richard Cobden to get some beer—I saw the prisoner there—I was coming out with some beer in a can, when the prisoner stopped me and said, "You are the man who will work for 3s. or 3s. 6d. a day"—I said, "No; when the strike was on I went away, and I found a master some-where else to keep me and my family, Mr. George Cohen"—I then walked out—the prisoner came out after me with his wife, another woman, and a man—I walked alone along Repton Street towards my house, behind the prisoner—he deliberately turned round and gave me a back-handed blow on the chin, saying, "Take that, you f————"—I said, "All right; I can put up with that; we don't wan't to have no row. When I found I was fetched out from the strike at 5s. a day, and they wanted 6s.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140017"/>
<p>a day, I have a little family that wanted keeping, and I found another master, and so long as I can get a living for my little children, that is all I want"—we talked about the strike—we were then near the ice-cream shop, half-way up Repton Street—my wife came up—she said, "You have not been gone long for that half-pint of ale"—the prisoner said to her, "Who are you?"—I said to my wife, "Mate, hold your tongue and say nothing"—my wife said, "That is my husband"—the prisoner said, "You can go through the same," and struck her and knocked her down—I said to her, "Come on; follow me, and come indoors, and say nothing"—the prisoner was close by—I walked on—the prisoner's wife and the other woman stood talking to my wife—I went straight indoors, leaving the prisoner behind—I went into my kitchen, where I saw my eldest daughter and the baby, Eliza—I stayed in the kitchen for a few minutes, and then went into the yard—while there I heard my daughter scream, "The baby is killed; you have killed the baby"—I went into the kitchen, and saw the baby was bleeding from the head—I went to the street door; my daughter was standing against it—a constable came round the corner when my daughter screamed, and he asked what was the matter—I saw the prisoner walking down the street, going towards his home in Maroon Street, away from my house—I could not say if he was carrying anything—the constable came to my house first, and afterwards went up to the prisoner—I took the child to a doctor, and afterwards to the London Hospital—I had not seen the prisoner on that day before I saw him at the Cobden—I had no spade in my possession on July 23rd—this spade is not mine—I had a little child's toy spade, not like this produced, but it had been lost four or five weeks before this happened—I had it about two years ago, when I did a moving job, but it was lost—I first saw this spade after this happened, at Arbour Square.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have said everything that happened in the public-house; only two or three words were mentioned in the public-house—I walked quietly away to my own house—I walked behind the prisoner from the beer-shop until he struck me in the face, between thirty and forty yards from the public-house—I did not say anything when I was walking behind him—there was no conversation till after he struck me—just as I went in the public-house and called for the beer the landlord called" Time," and as I was coming out the prisoner turned on me about the strike—I am not naturally excitable—I was perfectly quiet that night; I never raised my arm or hand; I did not go for him—after my wife was knocked down I walked away—she got up directly—there might have been one or two there—I left my wife talking to the two women who were with the prisoner—I thought she was following, but the women stopped and spoke to her—the prisoner stood there—I had no weapon in my hand that night—two and a-half years ago, when I was doing a moving job, I had a little child's spade given to me, and took it home to my children—I never saw this one or had it in my hand before I saw it at the Police station—I do not know where it came from—I did not run through my kitchen—I walked through my passage into the kitchen—my daughter was there with the baby, and she said, "Where is mother?"—I said, "Mother is coming along"—I went through into the yard, and I next heard "You have killed the baby," and I came and found</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140018"/>
<p>the baby chopped, and the prisoner had the spade in his hand—I stopped in my kitchen two or three minutes before I got into the yard—I had been ten or twelve minutes in the house when this happened—I told that to the Coroner and to the Magistrate, I think—I was never at
<hi rend="italic">handy-grips</hi> with the prisoner that evening—I did not attempt to strike him with a weapon—he did not tell me to go home, and leave him alone—he did not say if I would not he would push me away—he struck me twice—the second time he struck me in the chest; that was before my wife came up—there was no ill-feeling between me and the prisoner—before that night I had only known him by sight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-72" type="surname" value="CUTHBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-72" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA CUTHBERT</persName> </hi>. I am the last witness's wife—my child who was killed was about ten months old—about midnight on July 23rd my hus
<lb/>band left the house to go to the Richard Cobden—he was gone what seemed to me rather a long time—I went into the street, and as far as the ice-cream shop, about half-way down Repton Street—I there saw the prisoner and my husband jangling together about the strike—I said to my husband, "You are gone long enough for half a pint of ale"—the prisoner said, "Whoareyou?"—I said, "Never mind who I am; that is my husband"—the prisoner struck me, and I fell—I got up at once—my husband said, "Come on home"—I did not see any more of my husband or the prisoner when I got up—the prisoner's wife and Mrs. Farrow were near me, and we talked together about the strike, in the street, by the ice-cream shop—I then went home—I heard screams of "Murder!"—my husband was coming from the yard as I walked in—we got to the kitchen together—I saw the injury to the child—I went to the street door, ana saw the prisoner on the other side of the street—I saw the constable speak to him—I have not seen this spade before—I had a small child's spade, but I have not seen that for three months; I lost it just five weeks before this happened—we hod had it about eighteen months—we had no spade like this in our house or possession on July 23rd.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I came up to my husband and the prisoner in the street they were talking; they had hold of one another—the prisoner struck my husband—I did not catch hold of the prisoner, or touch him at all—the prisoner was facing me; he hit me in the face with his fist, saying, "You can go through the same as him"—it was not much of a blow; as he pushed me I fell down—at the same time as he hit me in the face he struck me again with his shoulder—as I fell he kicked me—the spade we lost was iron, with a long handle to it—I did not see the prisoner coming from my house, nor in my house—I did not see my husband with anything in his hand that night—I did not hear the prisoner tell my husband to go home—I do not know who went away first after I was struck, but I am sure that when I got up the prisoner, was not there—I did not see him till I heard the child was killed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-73" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-73" type="surname" value="CUTHBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-73" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH CUTHBERT</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of the last two witnesses—on July 23rd I was at home about midnight, sitting in the kitchen, with the baby Eliza, ten months old, in my arms—a little while after my father went out to go to the Cobden, my mother went out—after that my father came in; he stopped in the kitchen a few minutes—I asked him where mother was—he went into the yard—he had not been there long when the prisoner rushed from the street, through the passage, into the kitchen, and said, "First come, first served," and struck the baby, who</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140019"/>
<p>was lying in my arms, across the head with this shovel—I was sitting just against the window behind the yard door, beside the kitchen table—there was a large lamp on the table—I screamed "Murder!"—the prisoner stood against the kitchen door for a few minutes, and as soon as he saw the blood he rushed through the passage into the street, and on to the other side—I ran towards the kitchen door and screamed, and my father came from the yard and asked what was the matter—I showed him the baby and the wound—my father took the baby, and ran towards the street door—I was still screaming—not very long after I saw a constable—the prisoner was then walking along on the other side of the street—the constable asked me what was the matter, and afterwards went across to the prisoner—my mother came in while I was in the passage, after I spoke to the constable—when she came in my father was in the passage, with the baby in his arms—there is no light in the passage; the light from the kitchen shows through into the passage—the door was open—we had no spade like this in our possession before that night—I had not seen this spade before—we had had a spade longer in the handle; we had lost it three or four weeks before this happened—it was an iron spade, much smaller—we had not had it long—I did not see any
<lb/>thing in my father's hand when he came into the kitchen before going into the yard—I don't know what became of our spade; we missed it all at once, three or four weeks before this—we did not use it for any
<lb/>thing—it was about ten minutes after my father went into the yard that the prisoner rushed through into the kitchen.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I distinctly remember what took place that night—I was sitting nursing the child when the prisoner rushed in—I was examined before the Coroner on July 27th; my statement was read to me, and I signed it; if he took down that I was standing, it was his mis
<lb/>take—I am sure it was in the kitchen that the baby was struck—as soon as it was done I started screaming—while I screamed the prisoner stood by the door for three minutes—I did not see my father go out that night with anything in his hand—I did not call the prisoner names, or abuse him; I had not seen him; I was inside all the time—he did it too quick for me to call him names—I did not see my father and the prisoner wrestling together—I saw the prisoner come in from the street with this spade in his hand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-74" type="surname" value="RAY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-74" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS RAY</persName> </hi>. I am the landlord of the Richard Cobden—I know the prisoner by seeing him in the house—just before 12.30 a.m., closing time, on July 23rd, Cuthbert came in, and was served with half a pint of ale in a can—the prisoner, two women and another man were there in com
<lb/>pany—I heard the prisoner say to Cuthbert, "You are the man that works on the wood-boats"—Cuthbert said, "Yes, I work anywhere to get 1s."—the prisoner said, "You work for 3s. or 3s. 6d. a day, and other people get 5s."—Cuthbert walked out, and the prisoner followed him, and the other persons went out at the same time, and I closed the door—I did not see or hear anything that occurred outside—the conversation between Cuthbert and the prisoner in my house did not seem in an angry kind of way.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner seemed quiet—he did not kick up any disturbance.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-75" type="surname" value="PINCHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-75" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR PINCHEN</persName> </hi> (458
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I was on duty in the neighbourhood of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140020"/>
<p>Repton Street on the night of July 23rd, and between 12.30 and 12.45 I heard some screams at 16, Carr Street—I went and saw the deceased's sister standing in the street—she made a statement to me—I ran down the street, and saw the prisoner with six other men at the Maroon end of Carr Street, about fifty yards from his house—he was pointed out to me as being the one who struck the child—I got hold of him—he had this spade in his hand—I said, "What have you got here?"—he said, "All right, governor; they set upon me first"—I took the spade from him and said, "You will have to come back with me"—he made no reply—we went to 16, Carr Street, where I saw the deceased child, against the door, held by the mother—I told the prisoner I should take him to Arbour Square Police-station for assaulting the child—he made no reply—he was taken to Arbour Square, and charged with maliciously wounding the child—when the charge was read he said, "I hope the child will die, and I shall get hung"—he had been drinking, out he was not drunk; he was in an excited state—the child was not dead then; it has since died—the prisoner gave the age of twenty seven, I believe, at the Police-station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I came up to the prisoner he was on the way to his own house, walking quietly with six men, and with the spade in his hand—the Cuthberts seemed in a very excited state—I could not say if they had been drinking—I might say they had all been drinkiog, but were not drunk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The daughter Elizabeth was perfectly sober, but she appeared very much excited.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-76" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-76" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Insptctor, H</hi>). On July 30th I saw the prisoner at the Arbour Square Police-station in custody—at that time the child had died—I said, "Eliza Cuthbert is dead, and you will now be charged with wil
<lb/>fully murdering her by striking her on the head with a spade at 16, Carr Street"—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-77" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-77" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR COOK</persName> </hi>. I was the house surgeon at the London Hospital till the end of July—about two a.m. on July 23rd I saw this child—it was suffering from a wound about two and a-half inches long, far back over the frontal bone on the left side—it had been stitched up—I took out the stitches and examined the wound thoroughly, and found there was a de
<lb/>pressed fracture of the frontal bone and a fracture of the parietal bone; a piece of bone had been driven back down into the brain; there were fractures over the temple, and one forward, and across into the right eye—that was verified at the
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination—the cracks of the skull extended over a considerable extent—considerable force would be necessary to produce what I saw—the depressed fracture was raised successfully, but the child died at 7.20 on July 24th—the cause of death was shock and anæmia, or loss of blood from the fracture—this spade might cause exactly such a wound—one blow could easily have caused the fracture, and there was no evidence of a second blow on the head; there was only one mark—the cracks all radiated from the one fracture.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-78" type="surname" value="CORCORAN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-78" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CORCORAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">not examined in chief</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a furniture polisher, living at 38, Carr Street, Limehouse, about a hundred yards from the prisoner—on the nightwhen Cuthbert's baby was injured I was with the prisoner, his wife and Mrs. Farrow, in the public-house—after we came out, Mrs. Cuthbert came up and struck the prisoner—the prisoner retaliated and pushed her away—after</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140021"/>
<p>that Cuthbert rushed up with something, which I thought was a chopper, in his hand—it might have been this spade—he rushed at the prisoner with it—the prisoner grappled with him, and got it away—they both ran away then into Carr Street—I saw nothing else of the prisoner till he was in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">R-examined.</hi> I had been with the Cronins and Mrs. Farrow about an hour that night—we had been in more than one public-house. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COUNSEL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">cross-examining his own witness;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE BRUCE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">having called the witness in order that</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COUNSEL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">might examine him</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was entitled to ask any questions which were not of a leading character.</hi>) There was jangling between Cuthbert and the prisoner in the Richard Cobden about the strike—Cuthbert began it by asking about the strike, and where Cronin was working—I don't remember the answer—that was the starting of the row—there was some altercation in the house; the row happened outside—I don't remember what happened inside the house; I only came to state what happened outside—I did not see Cuthbert walking behind or in front of us after we left the Cobden about closing time—he came up to us in Repton Street, with what I thought was a chopper; we were outside the Cobden then—I first saw Cuthbert outside the public-house, about six yards from it—I, the Cronins, and Mrs. Farrow stayed just opposite the public-house, talking for about a minute, and while we were there Mrs. Cuthbert came out of the Richard Cobden and struck the prisoner, and that was the cause of the row—about two minutes after that Cuthbert came up with something in his hand; I expect he ran home and got it—I could not say whether Mrs. Cuthbert fell when she was pushed; I was being pushed about at the same time—I could not tell you whether either fell—I did not notice whether Cuthbert had a can of beer in his hand when he came out at closing time—I could not mistake a beer-can for a chopper—I am sure the prisoner snatched whatever it was from Cuthbert, who at once ran away, with the prisoner after him—I thought it was a chopper Cuthbert brought out to strike the prisoner with.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COUNSEL</hi>. There was time for Cuthbert to have gone to his own house for the chopper and come back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-79" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-79" type="surname" value="FARROW"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-79" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY FARROW</persName> </hi>. I live at 133, Maroon Street, Limehouse—I am a widow.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> On the night of July 23rd I was with the prisoner and his wife and Corcoran about 11.12—the prisoner had no weapon or anything in his hand—I did not see Cuthbert till after the beer-shop had closed; then he had an altercation with the prisoner—he stayed there—I saw Cuthbert with a weapon in his hand, which I took to be a chopper—he deliberately went up to the prisoner and made an aim to strike him with it—the prisoner put up an arm, and with the other he broke the weapon away from Cuthbert's hand; they struggled together—I saw the daughter, Elizabeth Cuthbert, with the baby in her arms, and Mrs. Cuth
<lb/>bert, where the prisoner and Cuthbert were struggling for the weapon; they were attacking the prisoner—I did not see if the child was struck while the prisoner was wrenching, or trying to wrench, the spade from Cuthbert—I cannot say how the baby was struck—Mrs. Cuthbert and the prisoner were wrangling together while Cuthbert was away for five or</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140022"/>
<p>ten minutes; time enough to have gone to his house and back again-when he came back I saw the weapon in his hand.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was in the prisoner's company that night from 11.20 till 12.30—we were in more than one public-house—Corcoran was with us the whole time—the prisoner was the worse for drink when he came into my company at 11.15—he was not quarrelling inside the Cobden—I did not see Cuthbert there—I first saw him on the opposite side of the road; he had a can in his hand; I cannot say if it contained beer, or where he came from—that was just after the public-house was closed—I and Mrs. Cronin walked in front up the street, leaving the prisoner and Corcoran to follow behind—I cannot say if Cuthbert walked behind them with a can of beer; I did not see him—when I saw Cuthbert he was having an argument with the prisoner about working for 3s. 6d. a day while the strike was on, about half-way up Repton Street—I saw Cuth
<lb/>bert pushed by the prisoner—he continued walking on with the prisoner till we got into the middle of Blunt Street, where it joins Repton Street; we stood there by the ice-cream shop, and Cuthbert then started the argument again—Mrs. Cuthbert came up and interfered—the prisoner did not strike or push her till she struck him, and then he returned the blow—she did not fall—as soon as Cuthbert saw the blow struck he ran towards his house and came back in a very short time with a weapon in his hand, and he deliberately went to the prisoner to strike him with it—we were standing there then—Mrs. Cuthbert was there—the prisoner caught hold of the weapon, and Cuthbert then ran towards his house again with the girl, and the prisoner followed with the weapon that he had just taken from Cuthbert—I did not see either of them again that night till the prisoner was in custody—my deposition was read over to me before the Magistrate, and I signed it—I did not say, "The prisoner got the spade away from Cuthbert; the child was not struck then"—my deposition is true—I cannot say how the child was struck—Mrs. Cronin lives with me—I went once to Holloway to see the prisoner since this case began—I have known him nine or ten months.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-80" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-80" type="surname" value="CUTHBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-80" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA CUTHBERT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). There were not many people outside the Richard Cobden; it was too late—I saw my husband and the prisoner outside the ice-cream shop jangling together—the prisoner followed my husband and struck him.</p>
<rs id="t18970914-563-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-563-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-563-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of Manslaughter.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18970914-563-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-563-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-563-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-18970914 t18970914-563-punishment-16"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1897.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-564">
<interp inst="t18970914-564" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-564" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-564-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-564-18970914 t18970914-564-offence-1 t18970914-564-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-564-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-564-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18970914" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18970914" type="surname" value="PIKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18970914" type="given" value="ALBERT JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18970914" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT JAMES PIKE</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-564-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-564-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-564-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-564-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-564-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-564-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to four in
<lb/>dictments for stealing, while employed in the Post Office, post letters containing postal orders and postage stamps.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-564-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-564-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-564-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-564-18970914 t18970914-564-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Months' Hard Labwr.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-565">
<interp inst="t18970914-565" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-565" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-565-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-18970914 t18970914-565-offence-1 t18970914-565-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-565-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-565-18970914 t18970914-565-offence-1 t18970914-565-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-565-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-565-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18970914" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18970914" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18970914" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SMITH</hi> (21)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-565-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-565-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-565-18970914" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-565-18970914" type="surname" value="HASSELL"/>
<interp inst="def2-565-18970914" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER HASSELL</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-565-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-565-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-565-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18970914-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-84" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-84" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-84" type="given" value="SELINA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-565-offence-1 t18970914-name-84"/>Selina Jacobs</persName>, and stealing various articles, her property.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-565-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-565-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-565-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-18970914 t18970914-565-punishment-18"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-565-18970914 t18970914-565-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour each.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-565-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-565-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-565-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-566">
<interp inst="t18970914-566" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-566" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-566-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-566-18970914 t18970914-566-offence-1 t18970914-566-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-566-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-566-18970914 t18970914-566-offence-2 t18970914-566-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-566-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-566-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18970914" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18970914" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18970914" type="given" value="EUSTACE AUGUSTUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EUSTACE AUGUSTUS HICKS</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-566-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-566-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-566-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to three indictments for forging and uttering the acceptances to bills of exchange for £39 and £18, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18970914-566-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-566-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-566-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>to stealing £60, the money of
<persName id="t18970914-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-86" type="surname" value="PROSSER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-86" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-566-offence-2 t18970914-name-86"/>Henry Prosser</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140023"/>
<hi rend="italic">He was stated to have defrauded his matter of</hi> £8,000
<hi rend="italic">in six years, by forged bills of exchange.—
<rs id="t18970914-566-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-566-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-566-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-566-18970914 t18970914-566-punishment-19"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18970914-566-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-566-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-566-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-567">
<interp inst="t18970914-567" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-567" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-567-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-567-18970914 t18970914-567-offence-1 t18970914-567-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-567-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-567-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18970914" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18970914" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18970914" type="given" value="TED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TED WILSON</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-567-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-567-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-567-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a purse and 13s. 9 1/2d. from the person of
<persName id="t18970914-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-88" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-88" type="surname" value="HUMPHREY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-88" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-567-offence-1 t18970914-name-88"/>Frances Humphrey</persName>, having been convicted of a like offence in the name of
<persName id="t18970914-name-89">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-89" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-89" type="given" value="HENRY"/>Henry Levy</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Two other convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18970914-567-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-567-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-567-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-567-18970914 t18970914-567-punishment-20"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAND JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">commended the conduct of the omnibus conductor, Weedon, and the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">awarded him</hi> 20s.
<hi rend="italic">in addition to his expenses.</hi>
<rs id="t18970914-567-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-567-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-567-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18970914-568" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-568" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-568-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-568-18970914 t18970914-568-offence-1 t18970914-568-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-568-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-568-18970914 t18970914-568-offence-1 t18970914-568-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-568-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-568-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18970914" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18970914" type="surname" value="SUMMERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18970914" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED SUMMERS</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-568-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-568-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-568-18970914" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-568-18970914" type="surname" value="PARKINSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-568-18970914" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY PARKINSON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-568-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-568-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-568-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, to maliciously damaging a plate-glass window, value £50, the property of
<persName id="t18970914-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-92" type="surname" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-92" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-568-offence-1 t18970914-name-92"/>Abraham Alexander</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-568-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-568-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-568-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-568-18970914 t18970914-568-punishment-21"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-568-18970914 t18970914-568-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Months' Hard Labour each.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-568-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-568-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-568-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-569">
<interp inst="t18970914-569" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-569" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-569-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-569-18970914 t18970914-569-offence-1 t18970914-569-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-569-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-569-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-18970914" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-18970914" type="surname" value="DACEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-18970914" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL DACEY</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-569-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-569-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-569-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> to stealing part of a gold chain and a seal from the person of
<persName id="t18970914-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-94" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-94" type="given" value="ROWLAND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-569-offence-1 t18970914-name-94"/>Rowland Hill</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Several summary con
<lb/>victions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18970914-569-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-569-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-569-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-569-18970914 t18970914-569-punishment-22"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18970914-569-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-569-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-569-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-570">
<interp inst="t18970914-570" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-570" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-570-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-570-18970914 t18970914-570-offence-1 t18970914-570-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-570-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-570-18970914 t18970914-570-offence-1 t18970914-570-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-570-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-570-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-18970914" type="surname" value="MOSS"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-18970914" type="given" value="MOSES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOSES MOSS</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-570-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-570-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-570-18970914" type="surname" value="BLOW"/>
<interp inst="def2-570-18970914" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MORRIS BLOW</hi>, Stealing</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-570-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-570-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-570-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> an order for the delivery of forty cases of onions, the property of
<persName id="t18970914-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-97" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-97" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-570-offence-1 t18970914-name-97"/>John Knill</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HUGHES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">for Moss, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMPSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Blow.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-98" type="surname" value="GEARING"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-98" type="given" value="JOSEPH ROBERT"/>JOSEPH ROBERT GEARING</persName> </hi>. I am delivery foreman to John Knill and Co.—on July 23rd, about twelve o'clock, Mr. Stephen's foreman brought me a delivery order for four cases of onions—I endorsed it 3485, and put it on a shelf in the office—I missed it about 1.45, and reported the matter—the order was presented a second time, but I was not aware that it was the same, and delivered the twenty-four sacks of onions to Calnan, who brought the order—when I discovered that it was the same order I stopped it—I saw Dean there, who had been in our employ on the floor as a casual labourer—he had no business there—I saw nothing of the pri
<lb/>soners in the matter—I had made a pencil mark on the order in the morn
<lb/>ing which had been erased when it was produced the second time—I went to my office on the quay to lunch, but not off the premises—there are cash orders and credit orders; this is a credit order, because there is no price on it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. White's salesman signed this order; this parcel of onions had been put to auction in Covent Garden, and White and Co. sold them—they warehouse goods—I have heard of a custom among small dealers of one buying a parcel and distributing it among others—the carman comes and gives us the order, and as long as we have the signature of our warehouse we are satisfied.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMPSON</hi>. I have known Blow some time, and know his employer—small dealers buy goods and divide them, and pay so much per share.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This order Comes from White and Co., and we give the goods to the carman and debit them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-99" type="surname" value="HOW"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-99" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>HENRY JOHN HOW</persName> </hi>. I live at 53, Underhill Road, Dulwich, and am assistant to Messrs. Knill and Co.—on July 23rd I was in charge of the warehouse—Gearing came in and made a report, and about five or 5.15 he came again and made another report—I made inquiries, and gave the prisoners in custody—a man named Dean was discharged from our employ about three years ago, and he was there on this day from nine to 2.30, and was with Gearing in the delivery van.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140024"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I have said, "Newell was given in cus
<lb/>tody"—he was one of the carmen; he made a statement—these goods have been sold by auction, as far as I know.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMPSON</hi>. The two prisoners were taken to the station; I was outside—Mr. Gilmore was not with me; he was in the waiting-room—I heard the prisoners say something about buying the order.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> These were Spanish onions, worth 8s. a case.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-100" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-100" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am carman to Alfred Stephens, of Monument Buildings—on the morning of July 23rd I went to Fresh Wharf with an order, which I delivered to Mr. Gearing, the foreman, who gave me a pass-out order for forty cases, and I took them to the Borough Market.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I know the buyer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-101" type="surname" value="CALNAN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-101" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CALNAN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to my father, a market carman, of Whitechapel—I know the prisoners well—on July 23rd, about 4.30, Moss called on me and gave me this order for forty cases of onions; I sent one of the carmen with the order.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I know Moss by sight very well—he has a partner named Green—they have a stall in Spitalfields Market—I have known both the prisoners as buying in Monument Yard.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMPSON</hi>. It is the usual custom to divide the orders in Monument Yard—Blow has nothing to do with Moss.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-102" type="surname" value="HIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-102" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER HIGGINS</persName> </hi>. I am a carman to Mr. Calnan, of Whitechapel—on July 2nd I was given this order; I lodged it at Fresh Wharf, and gave it to Mr. Gearing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-103" type="surname" value="NEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-103" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY NEWELL</persName> </hi>. I am carman to Mr. Calnan—on July 28th, about 4.30 p.m., I went with one of his vans, which was loaded with twenty-four cases of onions, and it was stopped; I was taken to the station, inquiries were made, and I was discharged.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I told the wharfinger where I was going to take them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMPSON</hi>. I never found any difference be
<lb/>tween a receiving order and a cash order.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-104" type="surname" value="GILMORE"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-104" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GILMORE</persName> </hi>. I am beadle at Fresh Wharf—on July 2nd I took Newell to the station with a cart and horse—I was there when the prisoners were brought there—a conversation passed between me and Blow. (
<hi rend="italic">A sugges
<lb/>tion having been made to Blow by way of inducement, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>, at
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN'S</hi>
<hi rend="italic">request, excluded the conversation.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-105" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-105" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR HUMPHREYS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On July 23rd I was with Crouch and Mr. Calnan near Spitalfields Market—Calnan pointed out Moss to me—the prisoners were both within hearing—he touched Moss and said, "This is the man I received the delivery note from"—I told him we were police officers, and that he would be charged with stealing and receiving a delivery note, and obtaining twenty-four cases of onions—he said, "He (meaning Blow) and I bought the delivery note in Covent Garden Market about five o'clock this afternoon, from a man we know well by sight, but do not know his name; we put £5 each to it"—they were taken to the station and charged—they said, "This is not right," meaning the charge—they were shown the delivery note, and they said. "That is the delivery note."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I know Covent Garden—Messrs.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140025"/>
<p>White are very large dealers; they sell by auction—I have made inquiries about Moss; he has held a stall in Spitalfields Market since March, for which he would have to give references.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMPSON</hi>. I have made inquiries, and know nothing against the prisoners—there was no concealment about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Nothing was said about buying the note in Monument Yard; it was the Floral Hall, Covent Garden Market.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners received good characters.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-570-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-570-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-570-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-571">
<interp inst="t18970914-571" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-571" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-571-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-571-18970914 t18970914-571-offence-1 t18970914-571-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-571-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-571-18970914 t18970914-571-offence-1 t18970914-571-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-571-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-571-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-18970914" type="surname" value="MOSS"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-18970914" type="given" value="MOSES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOSES MOSS</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-571-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-571-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-571-18970914" type="surname" value="BLOW"/>
<interp inst="def2-571-18970914" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MORRIS BLOW</hi> </persName> were
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted for
<rs id="t18970914-571-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-571-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-571-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> conspiring to obtain forty cases of onions by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">No evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-571-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-571-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-571-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-572">
<interp inst="t18970914-572" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-572" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-572-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-572-18970914 t18970914-572-offence-1 t18970914-572-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-572-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-572-18970914" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-18970914" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-18970914" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-18970914" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA POWELL</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-572-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-572-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-572-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing a bag and £15, the property of
<persName id="t18970914-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-109" type="surname" value="REDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-109" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-572-offence-1 t18970914-name-109"/>Walter Redman</persName>, in his dwelling-house.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-110" type="surname" value="REDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-110" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE REDMAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 31, Wilberforce Road, Finsbury Park—I em
<lb/>ployed the prisoner as a charwoman about twelve months ago first, but did not miss money till lately—on the morning of August 5th she was told to go to a small ante-room and do some work, and not to go into any other room—I had myself in a cupboard in my bedroom, and was not there many minutes when I heard her come in—she went to a chest of drawers, opened the top one, and took out a bag of money—I went out and took hold of her arm; she said, "Oh, Mrs. Redman, I have done nothing"—I called iny daughter and my husband, and then she said that I was on the landing, and dragged her in, and that she was not in the room at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She had opened the paper bag, and was just about to open the leather bag—I do not think I told the Magistrate about my telling her not to go into the room, but the only room she was told to go to was on the lower landing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The money I missed before was from that bag, and another in the same chest of drawers—I had missed money on Bank Holiday, the Monday before—there were no servants in the house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-111" type="surname" value="REDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-111" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER REDMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a teacher of music, of 31, Wilberforce Road—on August 5th my wife called me upstairs; I went just outside her bedroom, and saw her and the prisoner—she said, "I have caught the thief"—my wife had a bag in her hand—the prisoner said that she had not touched anything, and afterwards she denied being in the room, but I saw her in it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-112" type="surname" value="OSBORN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-112" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES OSBORN</persName> </hi> (697
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). The prisoner was given into my custody, and Mr. Redman charged her with stealing £15—she said, "I know nothing about it"—I took her to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-572-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-572-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-572-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-573">
<interp inst="t18970914-573" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-573" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-573-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-573-18970914 t18970914-573-offence-1 t18970914-573-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-573-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-573-18970914 t18970914-573-offence-2 t18970914-573-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-573-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-573-18970914 t18970914-573-offence-3 t18970914-573-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-573-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-573-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-18970914" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-18970914" type="surname" value="LEAH"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-18970914" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK LEAH</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-573-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-573-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-573-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-573-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-573-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-573-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing three watches and a chain, of
<persName id="t18970914-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-114" type="surname" value="KIEBER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-114" type="given" value="LUDWIG"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-573-offence-1 t18970914-name-114"/>Ludwig Kieber</persName>, his master, having been convicted at Bristol in July, 1896;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18970914-573-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-573-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-573-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18970914-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-115" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-115" type="given" value="FREDERICK ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-115" type="occupation" value="earl of derby"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-573-offence-2 t18970914-name-115"/>Frederick Arthur, Earl of Derby</persName>, and stealing three vests and other articles, his property;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18970914-573-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-573-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-573-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18970914-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-116" type="surname" value="EVERETT"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-116" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-573-offence-3 t18970914-name-116"/>Francis Everett</persName>, and stealing a chatelaine and other articles, his property. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">The Earl of Derby's property had been restored through information given by</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140026"/>
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner.—
<rs id="t18970914-573-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-573-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-573-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-573-18970914 t18970914-573-punishment-23"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-574">
<interp inst="t18970914-574" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-574" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-574-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-574-18970914 t18970914-574-offence-1 t18970914-574-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-574-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-574-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-18970914" type="age" value="64"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-18970914" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-18970914" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MURPHY</hi> (64)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-574-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-574-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-574-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a purse and £1 12s. 6d., the property of
<persName id="t18970914-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-118" type="surname" value="WOOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-118" type="given" value="ADA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-574-offence-1 t18970914-name-118"/>Ada Wooster</persName>, from her person.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-574-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-574-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-574-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-574-18970914 t18970914-574-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-574-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-574-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-574-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-575">
<interp inst="t18970914-575" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-575" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-575-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-575-18970914 t18970914-575-offence-1 t18970914-575-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-575-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-575-18970914 t18970914-575-offence-2 t18970914-575-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-575-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-575-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-18970914" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-18970914" type="surname" value="HORNBY"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-18970914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HORNBY</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-575-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-575-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-575-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering an order for £3,</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18970914-575-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-575-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-575-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>an order for £20, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-575-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-575-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-575-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the prosecutrix.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-575-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-575-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-575-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-575-18970914 t18970914-575-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ducharged on his own Recognizances, having been in custody since July</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-576">
<interp inst="t18970914-576" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-576" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-576-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-576-18970914 t18970914-576-offence-1 t18970914-576-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-576-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-576-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-576-18970914" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-576-18970914" type="surname" value="MARTINUCCI"/>
<interp inst="def1-576-18970914" type="given" value="WILLIAM EUGENE NYE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM EUGENE NYE MARTINUCCI</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-576-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-576-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-576-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering a cheque for £500, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.—
<rs id="t18970914-576-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-576-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-576-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-576-18970914 t18970914-576-punishment-26"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18970914-576-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-576-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-576-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-577">
<interp inst="t18970914-577" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-577" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-577-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-577-18970914 t18970914-577-offence-1 t18970914-577-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-577-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-577-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-18970914" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-18970914" type="surname" value="CRAWCOUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-18970914" type="given" value="WALTER LEWIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER LEWIN CRAWCOUR</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-577-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-577-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-577-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, to indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18970914-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-122" type="surname" value="CHAMP"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-122" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-577-offence-1 t18970914-name-122"/>Alfred James Champ</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He was stated by a surgeon to be of weak intellect, and that his brother and sister had both been in an asylum.
<rs id="t18970914-577-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-577-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-577-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-577-18970914 t18970914-577-punishment-27"/>His father undertook to fake charge of him.—Discharged on Recognizances.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18970914-577-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-577-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-577-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1897.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-578">
<interp inst="t18970914-578" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-578" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-578-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-578-18970914 t18970914-578-offence-1 t18970914-578-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-578-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-578-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-578-18970914" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-578-18970914" type="surname" value="ARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="def1-578-18970914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ARNOLD**</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-578-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-578-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-578-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-578-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-578-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-578-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t18970914-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-124" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-124" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-124" type="occupation" value="police constable"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-578-offence-1 t18970914-name-124"/>John Williams</persName>, a constable of the Metropolitan Police, in the execution of his duty, and occasioning him actual bodily harm.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18970914-578-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-578-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-578-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-578-18970914 t18970914-578-punishment-28"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-579">
<interp inst="t18970914-579" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-579" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-579-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-579-18970914 t18970914-579-offence-1 t18970914-579-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-579-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-579-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-579-18970914" type="age" value="63"/>
<interp inst="def1-579-18970914" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-579-18970914" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CLARKE**</hi> (63)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-579-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-579-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-579-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to un
<lb/>lawfully uttering a counterfeit crown to
<persName id="t18970914-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-126" type="surname" value="GLENNY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-126" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-579-offence-1 t18970914-name-126"/>Harriet Glenny</persName>, and to a previous conviction at this Court in March, 1885.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-579-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-579-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-579-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-579-18970914 t18970914-579-punishment-29"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-579-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-579-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-579-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-580">
<interp inst="t18970914-580" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-580" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-580-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-580-18970914 t18970914-580-offence-1 t18970914-580-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-580-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-580-18970914 t18970914-580-offence-1 t18970914-580-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-580-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-580-18970914 t18970914-580-offence-1 t18970914-580-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-580-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-580-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-580-18970914" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-580-18970914" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-580-18970914" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH HALL</hi> (60)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-580-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-580-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-580-18970914" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def2-580-18970914" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="def2-580-18970914" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CARTER</hi> (56)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-580-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-580-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-580-18970914" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def3-580-18970914" type="surname" value="REDWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def3-580-18970914" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE REDWOOD</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-580-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-580-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-580-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Having in their possession seven counterfeit florins, with intent to utter them. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HALL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REDWOOD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-580-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-580-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-580-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-130" type="surname" value="GREY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-130" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GREY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, L</hi>). About 9.30 a.m. on August 19th I was on duty with Detective Sergeant White in. the Westminster Bridge Road—I saw Carter, at the corner of Oakley Street, joined by Redwood and Hall—they went over Westminster Bridge to Victoria and to the King's Heady Buckingham Palace Road, and had a conversation in the centre bar in the corner.—we went into the saloon bar, where I saw Redwood take a silver coin from a little red bag and hand it to Hall—Carter looked in the bag—Hall went out—I followed him to the Post-office at the corner of Vauxhall Bridge Road—as soon as he came out I went in and received information from the manageress, and followed Hall and arrested him—White and I found a counterfeit florin in his coat pocket—after further conver
<lb/>sation with him I handed him over to uniform police—I went back to the public-house, and saw Carter and Redwood sitting on a stool where we had left them together, talking—I said, "We are police officers; I want to see what you have got about you"—I seized Carter, and White seized Redwood—we took them outside, and were about to search them when I saw Redwood drop a bag from his right hand—I found on Carter 3s. 6d. silver and Is. bronze, good money, and a knife and a postal order for 3s. 6d.—they were taken to the station—I charged Carter with being in possession of six counterfeit florins-some were wrapped up and some separate—he made no answer—Red</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140027"/>
<p>wood said to White, in the hearing of Carter, "It's no good searching; you have got the lot."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-131" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-131" type="given" value="PETER"/>PETER WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). I was with Grey—I took Redwood.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Carter.</hi> You were all together from Oakley Street, and we followed you to the Post-office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-132" type="surname" value="WATKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-132" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA WATKIN</persName> </hi>. I was in charge of the Post-office, 329, Vauxhall Bridge Road, on August 19th, when Hall made a purchase, for which he tendered 1s., 2s., and 6d.—I found a bad florin, and returned it to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-133" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-133" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these seven florins are counterfeit, six are from one mould—they are the ordinary make—some were wrapped up to prevent their getting rubbed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Carter, in his defence, stated that he did not know anything about the coins, though he was in the others company, and that thin was the first time he had been brought into Court for this sort of offence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-580-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-580-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-580-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs>**</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18970914-580-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-580-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-580-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-580-18970914 t18970914-580-punishment-30"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-580-18970914 t18970914-580-punishment-30"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-580-18970914 t18970914-580-punishment-30"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-581">
<interp inst="t18970914-581" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-581" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-581-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-581-18970914 t18970914-581-offence-1 t18970914-581-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-581-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-581-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-18970914" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-18970914" type="surname" value="WRIGLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-18970914" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER WRIGLEY</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-581-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-581-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-581-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-135" type="surname" value="WARK"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-135" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WARK</persName> </hi>. I live at 49, Caroline Street, Ratcliffe—on August 18th I was playing with some little boys near Broad Street about 3.30 p.m.—I saw the prisoner sitting on a step in a place called the Orchard—he said, "
<hi rend="italic">Tommy</hi>, go and change this 5s. piece in the Post-office"—he handed me this coin, which I took to the Post-office and offered for change—not getting it, I went in Bailey's beer-shop and offered the coin to a lady at the counter, who showed it to her husband—they kept the coin, and came with me to the prisoner—Mr. Bailey fetched a constable, and the prisoner was locked up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-136" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-136" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BAILEY</persName> </hi>. I keep the Vine Tavern, George Street, Ratcliffe—I was in the bar when the crown piece was offered—I tried it, and found it counterfeit—I asked the lad where he got it from—he took me to the prisoner, who was sitting on a doorstep, and said he gave it to him—I asked him if he gave the coin to the boy—he said, "No, he took it away from me"—I said, "Where did you get it from?"—he said, "I gave a penny for it"—I said, "You must have known it was bad"—he said, "Well, I did not think it was good"—I called a constable, and handed the coin to him—I should have given the prisoner change if it had been good.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-137" type="surname" value="TUMNER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-137" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE TUMNER</persName> </hi> (385
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). Bailey called me, and gave the prisoner into custody, with this coin—the prisoner admitted it to be bad, and that the lad could not change it—he said he bought it for a penny in Spital-fields—I searched him, but found no money on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-138" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-138" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of coin to the Mint—this crown is bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I certainly had the five-shilling piece, but it was taken out of my hand."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence:</hi> I was not aware it was bad. It was taken out of my hand, and he went to the public-house to change it.</p>
<rs id="t18970914-581-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-581-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-581-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Dr. Scott said the prisoner was</hi> in
<hi rend="italic">a poor state of health, and of weak intellect</hi>.—
<rs id="t18970914-581-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-581-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-581-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-581-18970914 t18970914-581-punishment-31"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-582">
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<interp inst="t18970914-582" type="date" value="18970914"/>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140028"/>
<persName id="def1-582-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-582-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-18970914" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-18970914" type="surname" value="CLEMENTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-18970914" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CLEMENTS</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-582-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-582-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-582-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18970914-name-140" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-140" type="surname" value="FELSTEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-140" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-582-offence-1 t18970914-name-140"/>Edward Felstead</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAZEBROOK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-141" type="surname" value="FELSTEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-141" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD FELSTEAD</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 12, White Conduit Street—on August 2nd I was in White Lion Street, C. Jerkenwell, about 9.30—the prisoner, who was standing at a corner, said, "You hoary-headed old bastard!"—I had seen him about before—I said, "I did not insult you," and went round the corner to look for a policeman—he pulled a knife out of his pocket, and I felt hurt in my arm—he ran away—I followed him down into the kitchen of a house—I went to the hospital four days after
<lb/>wards, where I was attended by the med'cal officer—I have also been seen by Dr. Walker, who is here—my arm was bad nine days—Inspector Ledger came to my house and spoke to me—I was taken to the Police-station at Clerkenwell—I identified the prisoner in front of the dock on Saturday—I have no doubt he is the man—I did not identify him before because it was dark.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-142" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-142" type="given" value="HUBERT JOHN"/>HUBERT JOHN WALKER</persName> </hi>. I am one of the medical officers of the Royal Free Hospital—Dr. Ralph Paul Williams, the resident medical officer, is suffering from fever, and unable to appear here—I saw him yesterday—I had seen a scar on the prosecutor's arm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-143" type="surname" value="LEDGER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-143" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LEDGER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector, G</hi>). I was present when this case was before the Magistrate—I heard Ralph Paul Williams examined after he was duly sworn—the prisoner was present, and had an opportunity of asking him questions. (
<hi rend="italic">The deposition of Ralph Paul Williams:</hi> "I am resident medical officer, Royal Free Hospital. I attended prosecutor on Tuesday morning. He had a punctured wound on the outside of the right elbow, about half an inch deep. There is a corresponding cut in the vest—that has since been shown me. The wound is now healed.") From a communication I received, I sought out the prosecutor at the end of the first week in August—I afterwards arrested the prisoner, whom the prosecutor saw at the Police-station—I traced the prisoner by his being known as" the Coffee Copier"—an anonymous letter was written, which I followed up, and in consequence of information I arrested the prisoner—I told him I should arrest him for stabbing a man on Bank Holiday—he answered, "I did not stab the man; I did not have a knife"—when charged he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-582-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-582-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-582-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, September</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1897.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Bruce.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-583">
<interp inst="t18970914-583" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-583" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-583-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-583-18970914 t18970914-583-offence-1 t18970914-583-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-583-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-583-18970914 t18970914-583-offence-2 t18970914-583-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-583-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-583-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-18970914" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-18970914" type="surname" value="LEWINSKY"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-18970914" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUIS LEWINSKY</hi> (19)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18970914-583-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-583-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-583-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18970914-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-145" type="surname" value="MEADY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-145" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-583-offence-1 t18970914-name-145"/>John Meady</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. E. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended at the request of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-146" type="surname" value="FINBERG"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-146" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FINBERG</persName> </hi>. I am a boot laster, of 9, Dorset Street, Spiul-fields—I knew the prisoner and the deceased—about eleven or twelve a.m. on July 26th I was having my breakfast, and I came out and saw the prisoner and the deceased in Dorset Street, between the chandler's shop and the coal shop—they were on opposite sides of the street,
<hi rend="italic">rowing</hi>—I had a knife in my hand; I had borrowed it in the kitchen to cut up</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140029"/>
<p>my breakfast—when I came out the prisoner took the knife from me—I came out to see what occurred, because I heard in the lodging-house that the prisoner and the decea sed were
<hi rend="italic">rowing</hi>—when the prisoner took the knife from me he held it in his hand, and the deceased saw it and walked away, and I did not see any more of him till the afternoon—I said to the prisoner, "For God's sake,
<hi rend="italic">Scabby</hi>, give me the knife back; don't get me into a
<hi rend="italic">row</hi>"—the prisoner said, "I will keep it only to frighten him"—the prisoner went away with the knife—I next saw the deceased about five or six that afternoon—I was speaking to him in Dorset Street, when the prisoner came from Spitalfields Market way towards us, peeling an orange with the knife—the deceased walked towards the prisoner when he saw him coming down the street—the prisoner showed him the knife was in his hand—the prisoner pulled the knife from his pocket when he was about as far from the deceased as I am from the Judge—the deceased said, "You have got a knife,"and made one or two kicks at the prisoner—I cunnot tell whether they reached the prisoner—if I told the Coroner he made one kick, it was because I was excited—the prisoner then made five or six stabs with the knife at the deceased, and they clenched and fell to the ground—I cannot say if one fell on top of the other; the prisoner got up first—the prisoner was on the top when they fell—when he got up the prisoner went away with the knife—
<hi rend="italic">Scabby</hi> was his nickname—in two or three minutes the deceased complained of being stabbed; I did not think he was stabbed; he did not say anything when he got up, but afterwards he said, "
<hi rend="italic">scabby</hi> put two into me"—I said, "I don't think you are"—he put his hand to his side, and there was blood on the palm of his hand, and I said, "So it is; I did not think it was"—he put his hand in his pocket and pulled out coppers, and said, "I don't think I have enough for a cab"—afterwards he was put in a cab, and taken down the street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had known the deceased for twenty years—he was about 5 ft. 4 in. tall; a bigger and stronger man than the prisoner, but not so tall; a
<hi rend="italic">lump</hi> stouter than the prisoner—about two days or more before July 26th I was talking to the prisoner outside the lodging-house, and the deceased came up intoxicated, and said to the prisoner, "You ought to be poisoned"—I walked away sharp, because I did not talk to him when he was intoxicated—the deceased did not kick the prisoner while I was there then—George Neville saw the prisoner snatch the knife from me on the 26th—I never saw my knife again; I never asked for the knife back after the deceased was stabbed, because if I had I should not have got it—I never had a knife of my own in my life—I borrowed this to cut my bread and butter—the knife was about as long as my finger; it had a galvanised handle, and was not an English-made knife; it shut up—when the deceased came to me in the afternoon he said, "Do you know where
<hi rend="italic">Scabby</hi> is?"—I said I did not—the deceased was drunk; he was looking for the prisoner—he said, "I will give him
<hi rend="italic">Scabby</hi>"—I suppose he meant that after the
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> in the morning he would have his own back in the afternoon—just at that time I saw the prisoner coming down the street, eating an orange—he was about twenty or thirty yards off when I first saw him, as he turned the corner—I could not fay if he was cutting the orange with the knife—directly he saw him the deceased walked towards him—as soon as he saw the knife in the prisoner's hand the deceased went for him and made several kicks at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140030"/>
<p>him—I cannot say whether they touched him—the deceased deliberately ran at the prisoner; the prisoner jumped back to get away from him, and they clenched and fell to the ground—I did not see a stab—coming down the street, the prisoner pulled the knife from his pocket—I could not say whether it was my knife—I did not see him open it—I am sure it was a knife—I only saw the blade; he had the handle in his closed hand—I saw no more of the prisoner afterwards—I was left there with the deceased and Barnett, who is called
<hi rend="italic">Jumbo</hi>—Brooks was on the scene, too—I do not know if the prisoner lodged at 30, Dorset Street; there are several lodging-houses in Dorset Street—when the prisoner came down the street, eating the orange, he was going in the direction of 30, Dorset Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. I thought the prisoner wanted the knife to frighten the deceased; I did not think he meant to stab him; he never did such a thing before; as they
<hi rend="italic">rowed</hi> day after day, and nothing occurred between them, I took no notice.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The deceased was drunk at five or six in the afternoon; he did not roll about—the prisoner was twenty or thirty yards from the deceased when he pulled out the knife—he continued walking towards the deceased as the deceased walked towards him—as soon as the deceased made the kick the prisoner made the five or six stabs at him—they were both standing facing each other—the prisoner was too far away to stab him; he was as far as I am from the Judge—the deceased tried to catch hold of the prisoner—the prisoner jumped back when the deceased kicked at him—the knife did not touch the deceased when I saw the stabs—I was as far from the prisoner as I am from the Judge—the prisoner was only flourishing the knife in the air—when they fell I did not see the knife go in—the prisoner got up, leaving the deceased on the ground; I could not say if he was on his back or face—he got up as quick as the prisoner, and was as firm on his legs as I was, and he did not complain of being stabbed till the prisoner went away—I did not think he was hurt—the prisoner was perfectly so ber—I could not say if the deceased was more drunk in the afternoon than he had been in the morning—I could not say what day of the week the 26th was, or what day of the week the previous
<hi rend="italic">row</hi>, about two days before, was on.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-147" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-147" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BROOKS</persName> </hi>. I am a hawker, living at 39, Dorset Street—I knew the prisoner and the deceased—on July 26th, about 12.15, I saw them in Dorset Street, quarrelling outside our shop—the prisoner said to the deceased, "If you hit me I will stick this knife into you"—I did not see any knife—the deceased then ran into my shop and picked up two pint paraffin oil glass bottles, and was making towards the prisoner—I stopped him at the door, and took the bottles from him—he then rushed into a barber's shop next door—when he came out he went straight through the street away from the prisoner, who was still outside my shop—nothing took place between them then—the deceased was drunk—I went for a walk with the prisoner in the opposite direction to that in which the deceased had gone—we walked about, and talked to people all the after
<lb/>noon till 5.15, when we were at Great Pearl Street—I then came down Dorset Street from Commercial Street alone, leaving the prisoner at the Commercial Street end of Dorset Street—I saw Finberg, and spoke to him, and about five minutes after the deceased came from the other end</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140031"/>
<p>of Dorset Street and joined us, and said, "Where is
<hi rend="italic">Scabby?</hi> I will give him
<hi rend="italic">Scabby;</hi> I will make him eat the blade of that knife"—I saw the prisoner coming towards us—I did not notice anything in his hand—the deceased saw him coming down the street and made towards him, and made a kick at him—the prisoner stepped back a bit as he did so, to avoid the kick—I could not say if the kick reached him—the deceased made another kick at the prisoner, and then they closed and fell to the ground together—the deceased stood up and said, "I have got it"—I did not notice the prisoner; I was looking at the deceased—he unbuttoned his coat, and I saw the blood on his left side—I did not see the prisoner then; he had gone—I do not know where the prisoner lived—I was friendly with him because he was always down the street—I saw the deceased was wounded, but I cannot give any information of how he got that wound—I was as near him as I am to you—they closed and fell down—the wound was on the left side—I don't know what there was to wound him in that way—I did not see a knife all the afternoon.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-148" type="surname" value="FINBERG"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-148" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FINBERG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). When the prisoner took the knife from his pocket, coming down the street, he held it in his hand; I could not say which hand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-149" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-149" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BROOKS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>). I was standing outside when the
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> was on; I did not see the beginning of it—I did not know, nor had I heard, that the deceased had kicked the prisoner—the deceased was a strong, powerful man, much stronger than the prisoner—before the pri
<lb/>soner said, If you hit me I will stick this knife into you," they had been
<hi rend="italic">rowing</hi>, and the deceased was going to hit the prisoner—they were talking over my barrow, which was in front of my shop, and the deceased said he would break his jaw, and then the prisoner said if he hit him he would stick the knife into him; then the deceased rushed into nty shop—he was very excited—he did not say anything when he took the bottles—I took them from him because he was coming towards the prisoner with them, and I thought he was going to strike the prisoner with them, and I did not want the bottles broken, for one thing—he had a bottle in each hand—he said nothing when I took them from him—he went to the barber's shop—I went away with, and talked to the prisoner—he was very much afraid of the deceased hitting him; that was why he went away from the street—he appeared to be afraid—he did not appear to be very excited, but he was excited and a little upset—it is a pretty rough neighbourhood—I do not know where the deceased lived—the prisoner did not walk back with me the whole way, because he stood at the top of the street talking to someone—I do not know that he did not come on with me because he was afraid of meeting the deceased—the deceased had not seen me go away with the prisoner—when I saw the deceased in the afternoon he appeared excited—he was drunk, but he was quite able to take his own part and fight and hurt a man very badly—the prisoner was eating something when he came down the street; I cannot say what it was, or which hand he had it in—the corner of the street was twenty yards from where we stood—the deceased went straight to the prisoner as soon as he saw him, and made a kick at him—he bad his clenched fist at his side—he was able to walk quite steadily—they were very close when the deceased kicked; the prisoner escaped it by going back; he did not do anything else—the deceased made another kick; I could not see if that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140032"/>
<p>reached the prisoner; they closed and fell—I did not see the prisoner do anything with his hand—I stood and saw all the struggle; neither got the best of it, because as soon as they closed they fell—I have known the deceased for some time; he was a quarrelsome man when in drink—the prisoner put two hands up to keep the deceased off; one hand in front of the other—I could see his hands—he did that after the first kick—they were then within reach of each other—the prisoner was wearing the same clothes as he has now—the struggle was over in a minute or two—the deceased, who was the bigger man, was getting the best at first—I could not say if he got on top of the prisoner at first.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The deceased was about two inches shorter than the prisoner—the deceased seemed to me just as drunk at five as he had been at one in the day—the prisoner was sober—we had no drink in the after
<lb/>noon—I had been talking with him in the afternoon about the deceased—he said, "Why is he always getting on at me every time he sees me?"—nothing was said about what he should do if he met the deceased; we did not expect to meet him any more after he left the street—when the prisoner put up his hands as the deceased kicked at him, they seemed half open and half shut—I did not see if there was anything in them; I was behind him—there may have been something in them without my seeing it—when I said the deceased was getting the best of it, I meant that he made a kick at the prisoner first, and the prisoner stepped back, and he made another kick at him—when they fell to the ground together there was very little rolling over and struggling together on the ground.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. The prisoner appeared to be doing his best to avoid the deceased.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-150" type="surname" value="WHITROW"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-150" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHITROW</persName> </hi>. I am a hair-dresser, of 38, Dorset Street—at mid-day on July 26th I was in ray shop, when my attention was called to a
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> going on outside between the prisoner and Mr. and Mrs. Dwyer, who lodged above my shop—the deceased was standing outside, and he came into my shop and asked me to go and stay the quarrel—the prisoner was tormenting the Dwyers by pulling them about, and having a
<hi rend="italic">lark</hi> with them—the deceased was taking no part in that disturbance—I Asked Mrs. Dwyer to go upstairs, and not make herself a fool—she said at first she would not—I said to the prisoner, "If you hold your tongue and go away, the woman will go upstairs," and at my request he went away, and the Dwyers went upstairs—the deceased was in my shop then; when the prisoner went away he went outside—a few minutes afterwards I went back to my shop, and I heard the prisoner and the deceased were quarrelling and threatening to strike each other, and calling each other bad names—the prisoner had an open knife in his hand—the deceased threatened to punch his head, and the prisoner said, "Come on, Jack; I am not frightened of you"—I went outside, and said to the deceased, "Come inside and cool your temper, and do not take any notice of him"—I should think the prisoner could hear that, he was near enough—the deceased would not come in, but after that he went away up the street, towards Commercial Street—three or four hours after the prisoner came into my shop and showed me a knife, and said, "I met
<hi rend="italic">Fishy Jack</hi> (meaning the deceased) "at the top of the street, and he attempted to kick me, and I struck him in the side with this knife"—it was a common pocket knife; I saw it at a distance of about five feet—I said he ought to have been ashamed of himself for doing so—he turned and walked out.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140033"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw Brooks there when they were going to
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> in the morning; he was standing outside the window, I think—I did not see the deceased rush into Brooke's shop—he did not rush into my shop; I met him at the door—he was very excited and angry, and seemed much upset—just before the prisoner came in the afternoon a man had come, and told me the prisoner had stabbed the deceased—the prisoner spoke to me first—he was not excited, but perfectly calm—I did not tell the police, because he went away—I knew the prisoner well by sight—I thought it a very serious thing that he should have stabbed a man in the side—the police were not there at the time—I never gave information to anybody about this—about an hour after the prisoner came a man brought me the deceased's coat and hat to mind; he said they had left him at the hospital, where he was detained—I did not see the prisoner again till he was in custody—I first told anybody when they came to make inquiries two days after the prisoner was in custody—I knew he was in custody—I think a customer was sitting in the shop, speaking to me, when the prisoner came in; I do not remember his name—t did not know the prisoner and deceased had been on bad terms till they had the quarrel—the knife was about fouror four and a-half inches long; it was a clasp knife—I was not near enough to see if there were stains on it—the prisoner flourished the knife in his hand—he was quite cool and collected, as calm as I am now—I did not tell the police till Gaunter came to inquire—I suppose he came from in
<lb/>formation he had received; it might have been spoken of in the shop—I was a friend of the deceased and of his friends; he came into my shop a good deal, his friends do not—I was not bitter against the man who killed my friend; the prisoner never did me any harm—I thought it very bard that the deceased should be killed, but I had no ill-will towards the prisoner—the prisoner came in two or three minutes after it happened, and told me—it was about four or 4.30.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I gave evideuce before the Magistrate and Coronery I have no doubt the words I have stated were those the prisoner used—within a week I gave information to the police about this statement, as soon as anybody inquired of me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>. The prisoner was in my shop, when he came and made that statement, five, or it might have been ten, minutes—he stood against the shelf—he spoke at once when he came in: I told him he ought to be ashamed of himself, and he walked out immediately.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-151" type="surname" value="SPILLANE,"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-151" type="given" value="JAMES CHARLES"/>JAMES CHARLES SPILLANE, M.D</persName> </hi>. I was house surgeon at the London Hospital on July 26th—I received the deceased there about seven p.m.—he was suffering from a punctured wound on the left side of the chest, under the arm, about two inches deep—it penetrated the cheat wall—he progressed favourably until the 29th, and then became delirious—on the 31st it was necessary to perform an operation, in order, if possible, to stop the internal bleeding—that was not successful—in his delirium he occasioned more bleeding—he grew worse, and died on August 5th—on the 7th I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination, and found that the wound had bled internally on to the lung—the cause of death was syncope, resulting from hæmorrhage—it was such a wound as might have been produced by an ordinary pocket-knife—this coat was produced to me by the police; in it I find a cut corresponding with the wound in the man's side—he was suffering from the effects of drink when he was admitted.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140034"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The direction of the wound was forward and inward; by forward, I mean towards the front of the body—the knife entered the body obliquely, and almost straight, neither upwards nor downwards—it would have required considerable force to drive it in—if the man had fallen on the knife it would have been sufficient, provided the resistance offered by the knife was great enough—the knife must have pointed with the blade upwards to have caused that—the delirium was the result of alcohol—the wound was accentuated by his delirious condition.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-152" type="surname" value="CAUNTER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-152" type="given" value="ELI"/>ELI CAUNTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant, H</hi>). I saw the prisoner in Lockhart's coffee-house, in Commercial Street, at 9.45 on July 30th—he was asleep on a form—I woke him and said, "I am going to arrest you for stabbing John Meady in Dorset Street on the 26th instant"—he said, "For stab
<lb/>bing?"—I said, "Yes"—he said, "If it is only for stabbing that is all right"—I took him to the Commercial Street Station, where he was charged with maliciously wounding John Meady, with intent to do grievous bodily harm—he said, "Not that I know of"—on August 3rd I went to Holloway Prison, where I served on the prisoner a written notice to take Meady's deposition—I read it to him—I was present when the deposition was taken at the hospital by Mr. Hayden Corser, the Magistrate of Worship Street—the prisoner cross-examined the deceased.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner was not represented by counsel nor solicitor; I believe he is uneducated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-153" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-153" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector, H</hi>). Upon hearing of the death of Meady, on August 7th, I saw the prisoner at Worship Street and said to him, "John Meady has died; you will now be charged with wilfully murdering him by stabbing him in the side with a knife on July 26th"—the prisoner said, "Is it not manslaughter?I suppose this means a
<hi rend="italic">stretch</hi>"—
<hi rend="italic">stretch</hi> means penal servitude.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Deposition of John Meady (the deceased) was read as follows:</hi> "I live at 20, Shepherdess Buildings, fishmonger. Last Monday week, in the afternoon, I was outside a barber's shop in Dorset Street; the prisoner was having a lark with an old man and woman who lived above the shop. I aid to him, 'Why don't you leave the old people alone?I will give you something one of these times.' He said, 'If you do I will stick a knife into you.' I said, 'All right.' About five minutes after the knife was in me. He showed me the knife; it was a pocket-knife, with a blade about two and a-half inches long. I ran for a cab. I don't know what the prisoner did. I had known the prisoner before as knocking about the street; I have not seen him since till now. I did not go into the barber's shop to get a razor. I did not run into Brooke's shop to get two bottles; you ran into Brooks's after me. It was not my knife; I do not carry one. I was not drunk. I did not kick you opposite McCarthys shop. You did not have a stick in your hand; you did not strike me with the stick on the arm; you did not fall down, and I did not fall on top of you. It was an hour before that you showed me the knife. I did go into John McCarthy's after I was stabbed, to ask for some money to pay the cab. I did not
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> with you on the previous Saturday, nor with Billy
<hi rend="italic">Flatnose</hi>, and another called
<hi rend="italic">Jumbo.</hi> I did not have a knife then."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that he should not ask the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to convict the prisoner of murder, but that he should present the case to them as one of manslaughter.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-583-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-583-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-583-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>,</p>
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<rs id="t18970914-583-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-583-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-583-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>
<hi rend="italic">On the next day he was charged on the Coroners Inquisition with the like offence,</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-583-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-583-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-583-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>
<hi rend="italic">upon which, no evidence being offered, the prisoner was acquitted.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, September</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1897.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">FLORRIE GEORGE</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-584-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-584-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-584-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
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<rs id="t18970914-584-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-584-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-584-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18970914-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-155" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-155" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-584-offence-1 t18970914-name-155"/>Edward Cox</persName> twelve yards of black satin, value £2 15s., with intent to defraud.—</rs>
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<interp inst="t18970914-584-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-584-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-584-18970914 t18970914-584-punishment-32"/>
<hi rend="italic">To enter into Recognizance.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-585-18970914" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEO. SMITH</hi> (19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-585-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-585-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-585-18970914" type="age" value="18"/>
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<interp inst="def2-585-18970914" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE JONES</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-585-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-585-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-585-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18970914-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-158" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-158" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-158" type="given" value="ELIZABETH SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-585-offence-1 t18970914-name-158"/>Elizabeth Sarah Hill</persName>, and stealing eight boxes of cigars and other goods; Smith having been convicted at Clerkenwell on March 2nd in the name of
<persName id="t18970914-name-159">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-159" type="surname" value="BIRD"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-159" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>Frederick Bird</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>
<rs id="t18970914-585-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-585-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-585-18970914 t18970914-585-punishment-33"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>
<rs id="t18970914-585-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-585-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-585-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-585-18970914 t18970914-585-punishment-34"/>
<hi rend="italic">Dischaayed on recognizances.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-585-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-585-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-585-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18970914-586" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-586-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-586-18970914 t18970914-586-offence-1 t18970914-586-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-586-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-586-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-586-18970914" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-586-18970914" type="surname" value="MALONEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-586-18970914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM MALONEY</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-586-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-586-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-586-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> to stealing four pairs of socks, value 6s.,</rs> and
<rs id="t18970914-586-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-586-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-586-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>with maliciously wounding
<persName id="t18970914-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-161" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-161" type="surname" value="SCHUTZ"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-161" type="given" value="LILLY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-586-offence-2 t18970914-name-161"/>Lilly Schutz</persName>, with intent to prevent his apprehension.—</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-586-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-586-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-586-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-586-18970914 t18970914-586-punishment-35"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-586-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-586-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-586-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-587-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-587-18970914" type="age" value="35"/>
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<interp inst="def1-587-18970914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM STONE</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-587-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-587-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-587-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> to breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t18970914-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-163" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-587-offence-1 t18970914-name-163"/>Messrs. Treadwell Bros.</persName>, and stealing six boots, value £4.</rs>
<rs id="t18970914-587-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-587-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-587-18970914 t18970914-587-punishment-36"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-587-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-587-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-587-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-588-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-588-18970914" type="age" value="22"/>
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<interp inst="def1-588-18970914" type="given" value="EPPS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EPPS FOSTER</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-588-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-588-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-588-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> to stealing 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the money of
<persName id="t18970914-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-165" type="surname" value="SHEERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-165" type="given" value="ALBERT CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-588-offence-1 t18970914-name-165"/>Albert Charles Sheerman</persName>, having been convicted at this Court on November 18th, 1895, in the name of
<persName id="t18970914-name-166">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-166" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-166" type="given" value="JAMES"/>James Evans</persName>.—</rs>
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<interp inst="t18970914-588-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-588-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-588-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-588-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-588-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-588-18970914 t18970914-588-punishment-37"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-589-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-589-18970914" type="surname" value="SHELDON"/>
<interp inst="def1-589-18970914" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES SHELDON</hi>, Publishing</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-589-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-589-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-589-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/> false end scandalous libels concerning
<persName id="t18970914-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-168" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-168" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-589-offence-1 t18970914-name-168"/>Charles Hudson</persName>, </rs>
<hi rend="italic">to which he pleaded a justification.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SPOKES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DAVID</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-169" type="surname" value="GARDINER"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-169" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR GARDINER</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of a private detective—the defendant came to me in June, wanting some documents copied—my employer was too busy to attend to them, and seeing the state of Sheldon's health, I said I would do them in my own time, and I made a dozen or eighteen copies, and addressed some envelopes, principally, I think, to his. own relations—one was addressed to Mr. Friedlander, one to Mr. Lush, and one to Mr. Hudson—it is not part of my business to copy letters—I did not give evidence at the Police-court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Sheldon seemed very unwell and shaky, and did not seem able to hold a pen; that is why I wrote the letters—I wrote them at my own house, and he called for them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-170" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-170" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS JONES</persName> </hi>. I am a medical practitioner, of 68, Leman Street, Whitechapel—Messrs. Warwick, Oliver, and Hudson, surveyors, sent for me in June to see Sheldon at their office—I went and examined him, but did not take notes, not expecting these proceedings—I think he was sitting in a chair in the office—he was in a state of great excitement—he was able to go home—I saw it was about some family matter, and I did not advise him one way or the other—I did not detect any sign of apoplexy—he said he was in fear, and that would account for the ner
<lb/>vous condition in which he was—he did not complain of any bodily injury.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was there about five minutes—I spoke to young Mr. Hudson then for the first time, though I had known him by sight—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140036"/>
<p>was not abusing Sheldon—I did not find signs of any assault, nor did he, I believe, complain of one—I did not examine his hip, as he did not complain—he was simply in a state of fear and high excitement—I can not say that young Mr. Hudson told me to take no notice of Sheldon, as he was mad—I asked Hudson to leave the room—they were both ex
<lb/>cited—I saw it was a family quarrel between father-in-law and son-in-law.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">A.H. COOKE, M.D</hi>. I live at Roslyn Hill, Hampstead—Sheldon con
<lb/>sulted me on June 25th, and said an assault had been committed upon him by his son-in-law and partner; I believe that he had been kicked or struck on the hip—I called on him, as arranged, the next day at his hotel, and examined him—I found a yellow stain on his hip, which, in my opinion, was caused by painting with tincture of iodine, or something of that kind—he was suffering from great nervous agitation, and the whole of his face twitched—I gave him a certificate that he was not fit to attend as a witness, or to go to business—I saw no evidence of apoplexy, bat I was afraid he might have a seizure if he got more excited.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He said he had been assaulted in Oliver and Hud
<lb/>son's office on June 23rd—his mental excitement might have been caused by an assault—he came to me again, and the twitching had somewhat passed off—I have not attended him professionally since.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> If he had been kicked or bruised on the 23rd, I should expect to have found signs of it when I examined him on the 25th, and I did not—he limped on going out of the room—it often takes several days for a bruise to come out—I did not examine him when I saw him again.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-171" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-171" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HUDSON</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Warwick, Oliver, and Hudson, architects and surveyors, of Leman Street—I had to be away from business for some time owing to a slight attack of brain fever, and returned from Bethlehem Hospital cured—on my return I found Sheldon had been making slanderous statements against me—on June 23rd Mr. Oliver and I called him into our room—he had been employed there at £2 a week to look after my interests—I put certain questions to him and took his answers. (
<hi rend="italic">A document containing various questions and answer, the subject of the alleged libels, dealing with jamily matters, and imputing the contracting oj disease of a discreditable nature to Mr. Hudson, was then read, the witness interpolating that he had seen the mark referred to on Sheldon's hip for years when he was rubbed at the Turkish baths; that he had never kicked him, and that Sheldon had taken papets out of his cupboard during his absence.</hi>) I said I should discharge him—he said he should not take his discharge from me, but from Mr. Oliver, who engaged him—Mr. Oliver then repeated my words, and he said he should stop to clear up what he was doing—I said he must go at once, and he said he would get his hat and coat—he stayed on, and said he was ill, and I then sent for Dr. Jones—I took the doctor into my father's office, where Sheldon was sitting—he said, "I am your patient, doctor; I shall not speak to you before that man"—I said, "Very well; I will see you after you have spoken to Dr. Jones"—he said he was ill, and could not go home—I said, "Is there any reason why he cannot go home?I hare offered to pay his cab to any part of London"—the doctor said he was quite as well able to go home as I was—he took up a diary—I said, "I must have that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140037"/>
<p>diary; it is a note of what is doing here. If it is a question of a shilling, you shall have a shilling"—it then slipped down from his waistcoat, and I picked it up—he took some notes from it—I paid for it, and have Waterlaw's bill for it—I told him not to take any other papers—he went at three o'clock; I sorted my papers next day, and found many of them with his in his iron box—I put them in my strong room until his messenger called, two or three days after, when I took bis receipt for his papers (
<hi rend="italic">press copy produced</hi>)—I have the original—I never touched the defen
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I stood with my back against the door he would have gone out of—Mr. Oliver and myself followed him into the room, and Oliver said, referring to me, "You have said many things behind his back, and now we want to know what you are going to say before his face"—he said, "I shall not speak before that man," meaning me—Oliver said, "I order you to stop," and he did stop of his own accord—I remained at the door—the interview lasted about an hour—he did not keep him a prisoner the whole time—we kept him till he answered certain questions, and when he wanted to go out he did—I sent to Mr. Oliver the deed referred to in that telegram—I have not the deed here—I think he wanted my wife to forge her sister's name to the deed, because she came to me with the deed, and pointed out where she was to sign—I put that question to him, "You asked my wife to forge her sister's name?" and he answered, "Oh, you fool!"—that is all the answer I could get—the defendant handed the keys to me—he did not raise any objection to our taking possession of his papers—I did not want them—I wanted my papers—we never told him he would not be allowed to leave the room till he answered the questions—I have spoken of him as a great liar, and have known that for a long time—I wrote his brother-in-law to the effect that he was trying to become the champion liar of the kingdom—he bathed his head in the office, from temper, I should say—I have often seen him like that—he drank some water in my private office, and, on getting into his own office, he sat down, and said, "I feel a little shaky, and I should like a little time to recover myself"—I said, "By all means, sit down," and he bathed his head and had some water.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OLIVER</hi>. Mr. Hudson did not touch or assault Mr. Sheldon that day in any way whatever.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I took him into my room—I did not fasten the door when we went in; I turned the lock of one door, but he had gone out at the other—neither of us put our backs against the door, not even for the fraction of a minute—there are two doors; he went out at the second door; I went out at one, and he at the other—I stated before the Magistrate that Mr. Hudson and I stopped him on June 23rd—I instructed my Counsel to have that altered—Mr. Hudson and I may have referred to this in a casual way since I was before the Magistrate, in Mr. Spokes's presence—you have got two affidavits of mine—I may have been incorrect in a way before the Magistrate—I said, "Mr. Hudson and I stopped him, one at each of the doors; we had certain questions to ask him; we kept him there till we had finished": that is all altered—Mr. Hudson and I prepared those questions at Clacton-on-Sea, on the Saturday and Sunday before this took place—Mr. Sheldon did not become very ill—we</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140038"/>
<p>had occasion to bathe his head with cold water; we often did that—he tried to get out of the room, and succeeded—Mr. Shel
<lb/>don said that he had been kicked—when Mr. Hudson went away to the asylum I saw Mr. Sheldon; he (Sheldon) did not come and say that money was provided for Mrs. Hudson—he wrote a letter to Mr. Hudson, and after that I employed him in making out the firm's account and general office work—it was not something like £500 which he had to investigate; it was not my money; I gave no instructions about it—we had conversations about it—he did not investigate it by my instructions or wishes—that matter did not lead to considerable unpleasantness with Mr. Hudson, but I called his attention to it when he returned—I did not write to him about it, nor was there the slightest unpleasantness about it between us—I went to Clacton because I thought it a very nice place to go to, and I wanted to see him—Mr. Hudson wrote the answers to the questions; I was present, and heard all that took place—we were all very excitable, and we spoke about as loud as you are now doing—I wrote at a small knee-hole writing table—we had Mr. Sheldon half an hour in the room—we were excited, and I think he was—I had had £42 from him, but it had been paid back—I knew he was badly off; that is why he came to me for money—what he lent me did not come all at once—I had a letter from Mr. Hudson to say that a telegram was sent by me, but I never seat it; I did not speak to Mr. Sheldon about it next day, or he to me—he did not say that he had sent it, nor did we have a good laugh about it; there was nothing to laugh at—I cannot say how many of the letters complained of I have had—Mr. Hudson has not fallen off in my estimation at all, in consequence of those letters.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-172" type="surname" value="LUSH"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-172" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER LUSH</persName> </hi>. I am the defendant's son-in-law—he called on me one afternoon; I do not know how long ago; thore was nothing the matter with him at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was not excited—he called about 3.30 he did not limp in the slightest—he and I are not on friendly terms—I did not expect him to make a communication of a friendly nature.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DANECROSS</hi>. I produce this telegram from the General Post Office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-173" type="surname" value="CAMERON"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-173" type="given" value="EDWARD PARRY"/>EDWARD PARRY CAMERON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the prosecutor's firm—I received the libel marked "D" by post—I was in the office on June 23rd, during the whole time Mr. Sheldon was there, but not in the same room—I heard nothing like an assault going on; if there had been I must have heard it—I believe this writing on this fly-leaf is Mr. Sheldon's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I heard nobody talking in the room; nothing noisy—he was over an hour in the room—that is Mr. Sheldon's office; he I seemed pretty well when he came out, but he was a little excited—I saw him bathe his head in cold water.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There was not a clerk ready to take him home, but there was a cab.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-174" type="surname" value="SHELDON"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-174" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SHELDON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner</hi>). I am Mr. Hudson's father-in-law—in the early part of the year he had to be put away in an asylum—I was one of the petitioners, and my daughter the other—while he was away provisions for my daughter were supplied by Mr. Oliver—she was in want of money, and came to me, and I went and saw Mr. Oliver, and I was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140039"/>
<p>employed by him and my daughter to make out a balance-sheet, which I did, and was employed at a salary of £2 a week up to June 23rd—on June 23rd, about eleven o'clock, Mr. Oliver called me into his house; my Son-in-law put to me some serious and irritating questions, which are in this list, and I declined to answer, and those answers which are put in there I did not give.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. It is all fabrication—I have not charged Mr. Hudson with immorality, and do not do so now—I never mentioned the venereal disease, and never asked him what his opinion was; that is all absolute fiction.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DAVID</hi>. I tried to leave the room, but they would not let me; Oliver stood across one door, and my son across the other, and refused to let me out—there were two struggles, and in the final one Hudson struck me with his knee—something gave way in my head, and I saw blood, and said, "I am dying," and they let me out—I suffered much in my head, and have never been right since—I sat in a chair, and my son-in-law was taunting me, and saying that I was shamming; I was bath
<lb/>ing my head quite two hours, and he watched me, and said that he would stop in there to see that I did not take anything out—I left my papers in my deed-box, and handed them to Mr. Oliver, and said, "I hand these to you as a gentleman," but in the interval they broke my drawers and my deed-box open, and this letter and the private collection of papers of a friend, which I have been collecting for fifty years—I have not sum
<lb/>moned him; Mr. Southwark, my solicitor, is now bringing an action—my will, which was endorsed, "Not to be opened till my death," was among the papers, and it was returned to me broken open—these things had not taken place when I wrote the letter in which I spoke of Mr. Hudson as a scoundrel; I found out about the drawers being broken open about three weeks after the assault took place—this is my diary (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>); there are no entries in the early part of it—I bought it my
<lb/>self; other books of the same sort were in use in the office—my son-in-law took it from me that day—it contains some entries important to me—after I got home that day I was very exhausted, and suffering from my head—I saw Dr. Cooke twice—I sent a telegram in the name of Oliver—I did not speak to Oliver about it before I sent it, because he was not at the office—T have never sent a telegram to him before—I sent it because he was the new trustee appointed by my wife—I believe it was sent on to Oliver at once—I afterwards told Oliver about it, and he knew the circumstances.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I swear before Oliver, Cameron and Hudson, now in Court, that I did not say to them that Mr. Hudson had venereal disease—I sent this libel to Mr. Friedlander, Mr. Lush, Mr. Potter, Mr. Thos. Wilson, Mr. Smith, Mr. Schneider, Mr. Rye a solicitor, Mr. Harris, and Mr. Dochess—two or three of them are customers of Mr. Hudson—I caused about eighteen copies to be made, and posted them, I believe.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I said nothing to Mr. Oliver about his sending a note for medical attendance on some woman—I told him there was an invoice there which I could not account for, as my daughter had no knowledge of the people who sent it in—it is possible that I spoke to Mr. Oliver about some woman—the majority of the entries in this diary relate to the business, but there are entries of my own private transactions.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189709140040"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SPOKES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">put in the bill for the diary, by which it appeared that it was bought on February 13th, and the first entry in it was on February</hi> 14th.</p>
<rs id="t18970914-589-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-589-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-589-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found that the justification was not proved.—
<rs id="t18970914-589-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-589-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-589-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-589-18970914 t18970914-589-punishment-38"/>Judg
<lb/>ment Respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-590">
<interp inst="t18970914-590" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-590" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-590-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-590-18970914 t18970914-590-offence-1 t18970914-590-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-590-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-590-18970914 t18970914-590-offence-1 t18970914-590-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-590-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-590-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-590-18970914" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-590-18970914" type="surname" value="HARPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-590-18970914" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK CHARLES HARPER</hi> (26)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-590-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-590-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-590-18970914" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-590-18970914" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="def2-590-18970914" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT YOUNG</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-590-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-590-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-590-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Breaking into the counting-house of the
<persName id="t18970914-name-177" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-177" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-590-offence-1 t18970914-name-177"/>Commissioners of Sewers</persName>, and stealing 21
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., Harper having been before convicted.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARPER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-590-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-590-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-590-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-178" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-178" type="surname" value="AVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-178" type="given" value="MK"/>MK. H. AVORY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-179" type="surname" value="HODGES"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-179" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HODGES</persName> </hi> (126,
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). On July 21, about 3.15, I was in South Place, near Liverpool Street, and saw the prisoner—I saw him again about 3.45 in South Place, going in the same direction, and near the lavatory—I looked down the lavatory, and went down and found Harper in the office, which had been broken open, packing up a parcel of clothing, and five money-boxes on the table, which had been broken open—I found on him 3s. 6d. in silver, some coppers, and a screw-driver—I saw Young the same evening in the City Road, and said, "What were you doing in South Place this morning?"—he said, "You make a mistake"—I took him to the station—he said, "If I get out of this I will keep out of it in future," and when he saw Harper he said, "This is the first time I have been with him."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18970914-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-180" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-180" type="surname" value="DIAMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-180" type="given" value="BERNAN"/>BERNAN DIAMOND</persName> </hi>. I am an attendant at this lavatory; it belongs to the Commissioners of Sewers—I have an office there—I locked up this safe, leaving in it about 3s. 6d. in copper and 4s. 6d. in silver—the boxes were safe; I took them off, and put them in a cupboard, and next time I saw them they were broken open.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Young's Statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "If you let me go this time I will never do it again."</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">YOUNG</hi>
<rs id="t18970914-590-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-590-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-590-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">Inspector Wise stated that Young had been convicted, but had made an effort to get an honest living since his father's death.
<rs id="t18970914-590-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-590-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-590-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-590-18970914 t18970914-590-punishment-39"/>Judg
<lb/>ment Respited </rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Four convictions were proved againstHarper—
<rs id="t18970914-590-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-590-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-590-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-590-18970914 t18970914-590-punishment-40"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, September</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1897.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-591">
<interp inst="t18970914-591" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-591" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-591-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-591-18970914 t18970914-591-offence-1 t18970914-591-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-591-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-591-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-591-18970914" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-591-18970914" type="surname" value="FOWKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-591-18970914" type="given" value="RICHARD WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD ST. WILLIAM FOWKE</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-591-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-591-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-591-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, Feloniously marry
<persName id="t18970914-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18970914-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-182" type="surname" value="BENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-name-182" type="given" value="ASHIA DAHL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18970914-591-offence-1 t18970914-name-182"/>Ashia Dahl Benson</persName>, his wife being alive.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MALLINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended. The Prisoner, having stated in the hearing of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">that he was</hi>
<rs id="t18970914-591-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-591-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-591-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>, </rs>
<rs id="t18970914-591-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-591-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-591-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-591-18970914 t18970914-591-punishment-41"/>
<hi rend="italic">they found that verdict.—Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18970914-592">
<interp inst="t18970914-592" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18970914"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-592" type="date" value="18970914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18970914-592-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-592-18970914 t18970914-592-offence-1 t18970914-592-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-592-18970914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-592-18970914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-592-18970914" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-592-18970914" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="def1-592-18970914" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS HAYNES</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18970914-592-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-592-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-592-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18970914-592-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18970914-592-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18970914-592-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs