<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t18961116-name-1">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-1" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES DROVER"/>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</persName> </p>
<persName id="t18961116-name-2">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-2" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-2" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ., Q.C.,</p>
<p>Vol CXXV</p>
<p>Sess. I-VI</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, November 16th, 1896, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON. SIR</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE FAUDEL PHILLIPS, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-3" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-3" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-4" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-4" type="given" value="HENRY EDMUND"/>HENRY EDMUND KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, Knt., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-5" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-5" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Bart., M.P., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-6" type="surname" value="SAVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-6" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SAVORY</persName> </hi>, Bart., M.P., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-7" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-7" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Bart, Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-8" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-8" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, Q.C., M.P., K.C.M.G., Recorder of the said City; Lieut.-Col.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-9" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-9" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, M.P., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN VOCE MOORE</hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-10" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-10" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-11" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-11" type="given" value="WALTER VAUGHAN"/>WALTER VAUGHAN MORGAN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-12" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-12" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES BELL</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-13" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-13" type="given" value="GEORGE WYATT"/>GEORGE WYATT TRUSCOTT</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., Q.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-14" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-14" type="given" value="JAMES THOMSON"/>JAMES THOMSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT HARGREAVES ROGERS</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WEBSTER GLYNES</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-15" type="surname" value="HALSE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-15" type="given" value="RICHARD CLARENCE"/>RICHARD CLARENCE HALSE</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILLIPS, MAYOR. FIRST SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star (*) denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars (**) that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger (†) that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name, in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, November</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1896.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-1-18961116" type="surname" value="WILKES"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-18961116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WILKES</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18961116-1-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> for stealing four pairs of leather gloves of the
<persName id="t18961116-name-17" type="victimName">
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-1-offence-1 t18961116-name-17"/>West Ham Gas Company</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>—For receiving them.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNCH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-18" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-18" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KEMP</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant.</hi>) On September 2nd I was with constable Lee outside the gates of Messrs. Berger's manufactory, at Homerton—I had spoken to Mr. Garston, the manager, and we were watching the gate of the factory—I saw the prisoner drive up in a horse and cart in company with another man; in the bottom of the cart was a sack, apparently full—the prisoner is a greengrocer and carman—the prisoner got out of the cart and entered the factory by the gate—I remained there while he went inside—he was inside for a minute and a-half; he then came out, crossed the road hurriedly, got up in the cart, and drove off at a rapid rate—I came out of my hiding-place, got up in a cart, and drove after him; Lee remained there—I went to the prisoner's house; when I got there the sack had been taken from the cart into a room at the back of the shop—I asked him what he had got there; he shot out the gloves, twenty-six pairs—I produce one pair; I should say they are new—some, not all, are tied together at the top; about half may be so tied—I examined the gloves; some of them are marked "W.H.G.C."—apparently an attempt has been made to erase the name, especially as to the others—this pair is apparently new—they are all new—I asked the prisoner where he got them from—he made a statement; he said, "I will tell you the truth and all about it, if you listen;" this is the statement (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "I, William Wilkes, of 16, Vallance Road, Hackney Wick, state that on several occasions I have bought gloves from a man named Jemmy Finch, of Bromley. He is a stoker, and works at the West Ham and other gas factories. The gloves are the same as these produced. I always give him 8s. a dozen. The gloves, I believe, are collected by Finch from stokers at West Ham and Beckton. About two and a-half years ago Finch told me the gloves in future would be marked, as so many had been</p>
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<p>seen outside the works. I told him they were no use to me if they were marked, as nobody would buy them. Since then he has brought me some not marked, several times. I used to buy some off the foreman at Bromley gas works, but he is dead; his name was Samuel Haynes. About two months ago Finch brought me some; they were marked G. L. G. C. I refused to have them. I have bought some off the foreman at West Ham, but I don't want to get him into any trouble. I did buy some off Finch two months ago, and those I sold to Berger and Son. I signed that receipt you have got ('B'
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>). I have also bought some off Alfred Moore; he works at West Ham gas works, and lives in West Ham Lane. I have also bought some from stokers who work at Beckton gas-works, but I don't know their names; but I don't think they were stamped. This afternoon I went to Berger and Son's factory, Morning Lane, and saw Mr. Andrew's, the foreman. I said, 'I brought some gloves.' He said, 'There has been a row about them. The governor thinks. they are stolen. If I was you I should take them back home, and send word up to say you have not got any. I left the factory at once. There was two dozen and two pair. I bought them off Finch; they are not marked."—I have not been able to find Finch—I have made inquiries—I arrested the prisoner on the night of September 5th—I told him the charge was receiving—he said, "It is a very bad job"—I have also received from Messrs. Berger thirty-two pairs of gloves, four pairs of which are marked.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know whether Finch is still working at the gas works—I made inquiries, and they told me he was not there—when I went to the prisoner's house he took the gloves out of the sack and threw them on the floor—I saw the thirty-two other pairs of gloves on the Thursday at Berger's—I left the twenty-five pairs at the prisoner's house, after taking one pair away with me, and they were there when I returned on the following Saturday; they had not been removed—I produce one pair of gloves coming out of the sack—the others were handed to me by Messrs. Berger.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-19" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-19" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am assistant-engineer to the West Ham Gas Com
<lb/>pany—I live at the works—we supply gloves similar to these to the stokers—they come from Sage, of Watling Street—some of these are marked with our initials—I recognise these as our Company's property—many of them are not marked; each glove is not marked—I recognise these four as belonging to the Company—the marks have been to a certain extent obliterated—they are all new gloves.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Other companies have their gloves differently marked—they are not made exclusively for us—we commenced to mark our gloves two and a-half years ago—out of all the gloves produced only five pairs are marked with our marks—the men get one pair a month, whether the other a are worn out or not—we fix the life of a glove at a month—if a man makes his glove last longer, he does not do what he likes with it; he has no business to take the others—they are given out to the men to prevent burning their hands—I never knew them to use a pad—they are not allowed to take them home to use—when the new ones are given out they do not give up the old ones—I do not ask them what they have done with the old ones—shovels are given out in the same way—they are all stamped with our initials; the men cannot take them home</p>
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<p>—the men would not have any legitimate use for the gloves at home—I have never known them taken home; we provide lockers to put them in—sometimes the men use their bare hands, without gloves—I don't suppose we should suffer any loss from that—they might use a pad—we did have a notice posted up in the office that the old gloves should be returned—that notice was afterwards taken down—about two and a-half years ago I heard that the men sold the gloves—I never knew them use a pad—the gloves are generally worn out in a month—the workmen had no right to sell the new gloves—they are given out to them to use in the works.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-20" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-20" type="given" value="ROBERT FRANCIS"/>ROBERT FRANCIS ANDREWS</persName> </hi>. I was foreman at Messrs. Berger and Co., collar manufacturers, at Homerton, until this affair—I was in their employ fifty years and a-half—I first knew Wilkes about 1892—I bought some gloves of him, such as are used by my employers—on September 3rd he came to the works—I said to him, "Have you not got the gloves?"—I think he said, "Only a few"—I said, "If you have not got any gloves, you had better write and tell them so, for I heard the others were stolen that I had previously bought in July"—I paid him a shilling a pair for five pairs—this is the receipt, the body of it is in my writing, but I did not pay him—what are described as "cuffs" here are gloves—the balance of the gloves were handed over to the police—before this the pri
<lb/>soner had driven into the yard—the police had been to me before the time he came on foot—I did not see that he had left the cart in the yard.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't recollect his coming on foot before—every transaction was done openly and above-board.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The police had been to see me before September 3rd, and I had been told that the doves were stolen—I supposed he had not got any worth having—I knew that I was buying at less than the market price—I did not think they were new gloves—I don't think any of these produced have been used.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WHEELWRIGHT</hi>. I am storekeeper to Messrs. Berger and Sons—on July 14th I received four dozen of these gloves from Andrews—I handed them over to the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-21" type="surname" value="LARGE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-21" type="given" value="EUSTACE"/>EUSTACE LARGE</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the firm of Farrance and Large, glove manufacturers, of Watling Street—this is a receipt for gloves supplied by us to the West Ham Gas Company—these gloves (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are similar to those represented by this invoice, and I think the invoice relates to some of them; there is a little difference in the kind of leather.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not say they are all ours—we make for several companies—thousands of gloves are made every year.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-22" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-22" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>HENRY JOHN CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>. I live at 89, Chaplin Road, and am an outside porter at Victoria Park Station—I was in the employment of the Whitefriars Gas Company for nine winters in succession, beginning thirty-nine years ago; I worked at the brickfields in the summer—I am sixty-eight—I have been a porter at Victoria Park Station for five years; before that I was employed at the White Lion public-house—I last worked at gasworks about six or seven years ago; I worked then at the Imperial Gasworks in Margaret Street—I got gloves similar to these given to me</p>
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<p>—I did not hare to return the old ones—the men could do what they liked with them; that was the custom.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-23" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-23" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WILSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 162, Armour Road, Old Ford, and am a gas stoker—I have been in the employ of the Gas Light and Coke Company for about seventeen years, and am there still—a pair of gloves similar to these is given out to each man every month, and I have had them once a fortnight—some stations allow new gloves once a fortnight, and others once a month; there are different rules at every station—we never have to return these gloves; you can do what you like with them; I never saw any rules up to the contrary.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I think myself justified in selling the company's gloves, although they are given me to work with; if I like to mend a pair to last longer I can save one pair and sell them—I have not sold them to the prisoner; but I have sold them to different men, and given them away—I could not tell the names and addresses of people to whom I have sold them, but I have given away new gloves and sold them to old road sweepers who have worked in our line, and who come and ask, "Have you a pair of mittens you can sell or give me?"—I cannot tell the name and address of any person to whom I have ever sold a pair of these new gloves; I only met them in the street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-1-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>Guilty of Receiving.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">>PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in Septem
<lb/>ber</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Wright stated that he had no reason to suspect that gloves had been taken from stock not issued to workmen. Detective Kemp stated that he believed large quantises of gloves had been obtained from workmen in a different position to the ordinary stokers who ought to use them; that for the last ten years he had known the prisoner as carrying on a very respectable busi
<lb/>ness as a greengrocer and carrier, but that on two or three occasions he had cautioned him as to his companions, as lie was a man easily led astray.—</hi>
<rs id="t18961116-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-18961116 t18961116-1-punishment-1"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited, to allow the Prisoner an opportunity of satisfying the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">that he had bought the gloves from workmen, and that they had not come from the stores. </hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">commended the conduct of the police in this case.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WADHAM</hi> (19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-2-18961116" type="defendantName">
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<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS TAMPLIN</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18961116-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-26" type="surname" value="BLANK"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-26" type="given" value="JOSEPH EMANUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-2-offence-1 t18961116-name-26"/>Joseph Emanuel Blank</persName>, and stealing his watch and chain.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-27" type="surname" value="BLANK"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-27" type="given" value="JOSEPH EMANUEL"/>JOSEPH EMANUEL BLANK</persName> </hi>. I am a secretary, at 84, Leman Street, and live at Dalston—at 5 p.m. on October 8th I was in Cambridge Road, waiting for a car—I suddenly felt a blow on the back of my neck, and was tightly squeezed round the throat—I attempted to defend myself, and I felt my antagonist (whom I do not recognize here) tug at my chain, and go over ray pockets—after a while he crossed the road, and I en
<lb/>deavoured to follow him—Wadham raised his hand in a striking attitude as I crossed the road—there were more than two men—I crossed the road as soon as I could collect my self, and I saw Wadham, and I also saw the street down which several of them ran—I gave information to the police—I was struck several times; my chain was torn to pieces—I cannot swear to Tamplin, but I identify Wadham as one of the men who took</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160007"/>
<p>part in the robbery—my impression is that Tamplin is one of them; I am positive about Wadham—this is a piece of my chain.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wadham.</hi> When I went to the station the inspector asked me to pick out my actual assailant, and I looked round and said I did not recognize the actual assailant; then I was asked if there was any
<lb/>body I knew, and I picked out you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-28" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-28" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY MOORE</persName> </hi>. I am a printer, of 60, Fownes Road—on October 8th I was inside my door, and I saw the prosecutor waiting for a car, and on the opposite side of the road there were five men; one of them crossed arid cuddled the prosecutor from behind round the head with his left arm, and passed his hand down and stole his watch-chain and ran away with it—the prosecutor followed him, and the two prisoners and two other men came across and picked up the fragments of the chain—I stooped and picked up a bit of it, and Wadham tried to snatch it from my hand, and said it was only 9-carat gold—I said, "This is my share of the plunder," and I handed it over to the police and described the prisoners, and they were apprehended—they were acting in concert with the other three men; I identify them—they got in front of the prosecutor to prevent his following—it is an every-day occurrence almost in front of where I live.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-29" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-29" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DAVIS</persName> </hi>. At 7.30 p.m., on October 8th, I saw the prisoners in Cam
<lb/>bridge Road, and said, "We shall take you to the station for robbing a gentleman of his chain earlier this afternoon"—Tamplin said, "All right; we will go quiet; you cannot say we had it"—when charged they made no reply—Moore at once identified Tamplin, and after a time the other prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Wadham called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-30" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-30" type="surname" value="WADHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-30" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>ESTHER WADHAM</persName> </hi>. I am your mother—you were at home in the after
<lb/>noon—you must have been at home about five o'clock, I think, because of tea time and my other children coming home—it was on a Thursday; I cannot tell the day of the month—we do not always have tea exactly to the minute; we sometimes have it when we can get it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Our house is about twenty-four yards from Cambridge Road—I did not go to the Police-court when my son was be
<lb/>fore the Magistrate—I did not know he was arrested till the Sunday night, when the policeman came up and told me—he did not send for me to give evidence that he was at home on the evening of the 8th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Tamplin called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-31" type="surname" value="TAMPLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-31" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH TAMPLIN</persName> </hi>. I am your mother—you were at home the best part of the day; I cannot say exactly what time, until about 3.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I was not asked to go to the Police-court and give evidence—I did not know he was arrested till he sent me a letter from Holloway—he had been committed for trial then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. E. BLANK</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>). I was unable to attend the last Session owing to the injuries I received—ever since my return I have had to consult a specialist, and I have not recovered my old state of health yet, and cannot follow my duties.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WADHAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felwy in February</hi>, 1896,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TAMPLIN</hi>**!
<hi rend="italic">to one in June</hi>, 1896.
<hi rend="italic">Detective Davis stated that the prisoners belonged to a dangerous gang of lads of their own age who infested the neighbourhood and lived by robbing people who could</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160008"/>
<hi rend="italic">be easily robbed by reason of infirmity.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WADHAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">had been twice, and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TAMPLIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">four times, convicted.—
<rs id="t18961116-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-18961116 t18961116-2-punishment-2"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-2-18961116 t18961116-2-punishment-2"/>Each Nine Months' Hard Labour, </rs>and
<rs id="t18961116-2-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-2-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-2-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-18961116 t18961116-2-punishment-3"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-2-18961116 t18961116-2-punishment-3"/>Twenty Strokes with the Cat.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-3">
<interp inst="t18961116-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-3" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-3-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18961116 t18961116-3-offence-1 t18961116-3-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-3-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18961116 t18961116-3-offence-2 t18961116-3-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-3-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18961116 t18961116-3-offence-3 t18961116-3-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-3-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18961116 t18961116-3-offence-4 t18961116-3-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-3-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-3-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-18961116" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-18961116" type="surname" value="MAYO"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-18961116" type="given" value="HENRY WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WILLIAM MAYO</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to forging and uttering a notice of withdrawal of £49 10s. from a deposit account in the
<persName id="t18961116-name-33" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-33" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-3-offence-1 t18961116-name-33"/>Post Office Savings Bank</persName>; </rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18961116-3-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-3-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-3-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to two indictments for forging and uttering notices of withdrawal of £49 12s. 6d. and £30; to forging and uttering a receipt for £49 10s.</rs>; to
<rs id="t18961116-3-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-3-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-3-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing, while employed in the Post-office, a metal stamp belonging to
<persName id="t18961116-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-34" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-3-offence-3 t18961116-name-34"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<rs id="t18961116-3-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-3-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-3-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to un
<lb/>lawfully making false entries in books of the Post Office Savings Bank.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RICHARDS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-3-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-3-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-3-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18961116 t18961116-3-punishment-4"/>for the Prosecution, described the systematic frauds by the prisoner as the largest ever attempted on the Savings Sank Department of the Post-office.—Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-4">
<interp inst="t18961116-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-4" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-4-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-18961116 t18961116-4-offence-1 t18961116-4-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-4-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18961116" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18961116" type="surname" value="SEATON"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18961116" type="given" value="ARTHUR HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR HENRY SEATON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing from a post-parcel a tobacco pipe and case, the goods of
<persName id="t18961116-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-36" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-4-offence-1 t18961116-name-36"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18961116-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-4-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-18961116 t18961116-4-punishment-5"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-5">
<interp inst="t18961116-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-5" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-5-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-18961116 t18961116-5-offence-1 t18961116-5-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-5-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-18961116 t18961116-5-offence-2 t18961116-5-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-5-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18961116" type="surname" value="MANNING"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18961116" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MANNING</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18961116-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering a receipt for 10s.;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18961116-5-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-5-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-5-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to stealing a post-letter containing a postal order for 10s., the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t18961116-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-38" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-5-offence-2 t18961116-name-38"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>; he being employed under the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18961116-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-5-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-18961116 t18961116-5-punishment-6"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-6">
<interp inst="t18961116-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-6" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18961116 t18961116-6-offence-1 t18961116-6-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-6-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18961116 t18961116-6-offence-2 t18961116-6-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-6-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18961116" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18961116" type="surname" value="ULLRICH"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18961116" type="given" value="PAUL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PAUL ULLRICH</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering a notice of withdrawal of £10 from the
<persName id="t18961116-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-40" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-6-offence-1 t18961116-name-40"/>Post Office Savings Bank</persName>; </rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to three indictments
<rs id="t18961116-6-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-6-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-6-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>for forging and uttering receipts for £10, £20, and £5.—</rs>
<rs id="t18961116-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-6-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18961116 t18961116-6-punishment-7"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, November</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1896.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-7">
<interp inst="t18961116-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-7" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-18961116 t18961116-7-offence-1 t18961116-7-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-7-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18961116" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18961116" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18961116" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD HARRISON</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-42" type="surname" value="STEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-42" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA STEAD</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Edwin Arthur Stead, a baker, of 60, College Street, Chelsea—on October 19th, between three and four o'clock, the prisoner came in for three penny
<hi rend="italic">scones</hi>—I put them in a bag, and he asked if I would change a half-sovereign, putting a coin on the counter; I took it up, and found it was a Jubilee sixpence—I said, "This is not a half-sovereign; where did you get it?"—he said that he took it in the Brompton Road—my husband came into the shop, and I showed him the coin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I am confident you said it was a half-sovereign.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-43" type="surname" value="STEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-43" type="given" value="EDWIN ARTHUR"/>EDWIN ARTHUR STEAD</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of the last witness—on October 19th I heard what my wife said, walked into the shop, and found the prisoner there, and saw the coin—I said, "This is not a half-sovereign; it is a Jubilee sixpence, gilt"—he made no reply—I said, "Very well, I will give you change if you will come out with me"—he did so, and I gave him in charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not snatch the coin out of my hand; I gave it to you—you did not say that you just had it given you by a cabman, but I heard you tell someone else so—I went out with you because you said that you wanted to find your brother—I heard you tell somebody else that you had taken it from a cabman after you had been given in cus
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160009"/>
<p>and when we were in the cab going to the station with two police
<lb/>men—you walked quietly, and gave no trouble whatever.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-44" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-44" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BARBER</persName> </hi> (85
<hi rend="italic">B.</hi>) I took the prisoner on October 19th—he said, "Being hard up, I met a cabman I know, who asked me to get him three
<hi rend="italic">scows</hi>, and when I came out he was gone, and I was given in cus
<lb/>tody"—I produce the coin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-45" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to the Mint—this is a gilt sixpence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>: "I was hard up, and asked a cabman I was friendly with to lend me a couple of shillings; he said, 'I am going to see my father, who is in the hospital,' and sent me to the shop with the coin to get it changed, and when I came out he had gone."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-46" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-46" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BARBER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) He said he did not know the cab
<lb/>man's name; he only knew him as
<hi rend="italic">Coggs</hi>, and that he was on foot, and not in charge of a cab.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-18961116 t18961116-7-punishment-8"/>Three previous convictions were proved against him.—Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-8">
<interp inst="t18961116-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-8" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18961116 t18961116-8-offence-1 t18961116-8-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-8-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18961116" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18961116" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18961116" type="given" value="HENRY JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JAMES THOMAS</hi>. (54)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully attempting to obtain £10 from
<persName id="t18961116-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-48" type="surname" value="TERRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-48" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-8-offence-1 t18961116-name-48"/>James Terrell</persName> by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-49" type="surname" value="TERRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-49" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES TERRELL</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 45, Finsbury Pavement—on Oc
<lb/>tober 15th the defendant called at my office; I had known him before—he said that he was entitled to some money under the will of Mrs. Parker, who I died in New Zealand, and it was then in the Bank of New Zealand, and before he could get it he had to take out letters of administration—I said that I should like to see the letter; he called, but I did not see him—he called the following day and handed me this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Addressed to Mr. Thomas, Royal Bank of New Zealand October</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> 1896,
<hi rend="italic">from John Wells, the English manager, stating that he was instructed by their head office to inform him that his cousin, Anne Hill, having been buried in her wrong name, he would have to take out letters of administration for the amount due to him</hi>, £9,070.) He asked me if I could lend him £20 while I was taking out the letters of administration—I said that if it was all right I would, and then he came and said he wanted £10 to pay his rates and taxes—I went to the address there given, but found no such name—when he called on Saturday I gave him in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> It is the custom to advance money for clients sometimes—I traced out the genealogical map, but that was before I saw this letter—it may have been on the 16th—I take the date from the call-book, which is made by a clerk, who puts his initials—your name is in the book—I only had one caller on Tuesday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-50" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-50" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HOLMES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective.</hi>) On October 15th the prisoner was given into my custody for endeavouring to obtain £20 by fraud—he said, "Not £20; I only asked for £10"—this letter was not delivered by the Post-office till the 14th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found that you have been in that neighbourhood fourteen or fifteen years—you are a traveller.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate, said that he did not ask for the money till Mr. Tyrrell offered it.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. TYRRELL</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the Prisoner.</hi>) I did not tell you that if</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160010"/>
<p>you wanted anything there were three gentlemen going out, clients of mine, and that if you wanted money you could have £10, £20, or £30, or that I could get it for a consideration.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-51" type="surname" value="GARLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-51" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN M. GARLAND</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to the last witness—some few weeks ago the prisoner told me that he was going to sue a company, which he was manager to, because he could not get his money; I said, "The governor will do it for you;" that was on October 13th—he also said that he thought he would put another matter in his way, as he had some money coming from New Zealand—this was about 5 or 5.30—he came to the office door and asked me to come out, while he spoke to me about the company Mr. Terrell came up the stairs, and I said, "Here is Mr. Terrell"—this was on the 13th; I goby the call-book; these are my initials; that is an indication that I saw him first, and then my principal—he told me he was coming into some money, and I may have said, "If you want money; why don't you ask the governor?"</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-52" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-52" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-52" type="given" value="ETHEL"/>ETHEL THOMAS</persName> </hi>. I am married to the prisoner, but I am his deceased wife's sister—on October 14th I answered the door to the postman, and took in a letter—I took it into the kitchen; he opened it and read it—I said, "That is another application for rates"—he said, "No, it is another on letter from New Zealand"—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the letter and envelope—Tuesday, October 13th, we went out together at ten o'clock and re
<lb/>turned at five; I never lost sight of him all chat time—we were in the City about eleven a.m., near Finsbury Pavement—we were not there again in the afternoon—I do not know Mr. Tyrrells office; I have never been there; I have heard of him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was examined at Guildhall; I do not think I men
<lb/>tioned our being out on the 13th—the Magistrate did not ask me—I heard Mr. Terrell say that it was on the 13th that my husband called—I have seen the defendant several times since he was committed for trial—this is the letter which I say I received on Wednesday night, the 14th, by post between six and nine o'clock. (
<hi rend="italic">Both the letter and envelope were type-written from</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">Victoria Street, Westminster, and stated that the money was in the Royal Hank, New Zealand, and that the witness must administer, as the deceased had been buried in her wrong name.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CURTIS</hi>. In January, 1895, the prisoner told me that he had a share in the estate of his aunt in New Zealand, and I took some instructions from him—I asked if he had any correspondence; he brought me a bundle of correspondence, and in February I communicated with New Zealand, and an answer arrived in March, stating that the lady was alive.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. This</hi> is the letter I received.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, stated that he was not only entitled to a share, but to the whole of the money left by his aunt in New Zealand, with whom he had been communicating ever since</hi> 1868,
<hi rend="italic">and that he heard that die had made her will, and that her property was to be divided at her death between him and his cousin; that the correspondence ceased suddenly, and he received a letter from a Mr. Becker, announcing that the estate was worth</hi> £6,800,
<hi rend="italic">and was only waiting for the death of his cousin Alice, who was living with a gentleman to whom she was not married, which caused further postponement, and</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160011"/>
<hi rend="italic">when she died she was buried in a name which was not her own; that, in this difficulty, he went to Mr. Tyrrell for advice, but never asked for money; but Mr. Tyrrell said, "Don't go to oilier people for money, you can have</hi> £10, £20,
<hi rend="italic">or</hi> £30
<hi rend="italic">if you like to give me your note of hand; come to
<lb/>morrow morning"; but that he did not go, as he found a letter at home containing a cheque. He denied being there on the</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th and contended that the call-book was made up in a most irregular way.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-53" type="surname" value="TERRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-53" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES TERRELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi>) The prisoner came for the money on the 16th, before I gave him in charge—sometimes one clerk writes, and another initials it, and sometimes I make the entries—the prisoner did call on the Thursday; I saw him and my clerk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-8-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-8-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-8-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18961116 t18961116-8-punishment-9"/>Three Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-9">
<interp inst="t18961116-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-9" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-18961116 t18961116-9-offence-1 t18961116-9-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-9-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18961116" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18961116" type="surname" value="WYATT"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18961116" type="given" value="CHARLES ESDALE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES ESDALE WYATT</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlaw
<lb/>fully obtaining cigars from
<persName id="t18961116-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-55" type="surname" value="VIOLET"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-55" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-9-offence-1 t18961116-name-55"/>Frederick Violet</persName> and others by false pretences. (
<hi rend="italic">There were thirty or forty similar cases against him.</hi>)—</rs>
<rs id="t18961116-9-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-9-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-9-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-18961116 t18961116-9-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> And </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-10">
<interp inst="t18961116-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-10" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18961116 t18961116-10-offence-1 t18961116-10-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-10-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18961116 t18961116-10-offence-2 t18961116-10-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18961116" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18961116" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18961116" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HENRY HUGHES</hi>** (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering an order for the payment of £23, with intent to defraud; </rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to
<rs id="t18961116-10-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-10-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-10-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing a bag and other articles, the goods of the
<persName id="t18961116-name-57" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-57" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-10-offence-2 t18961116-name-57"/>London and North-Western Railway Company</persName>, having been convicted at Harlesden on April 9th, 1896.—</rs>
<rs id="t18961116-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-10-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-10-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-10-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18961116 t18961116-10-punishment-11"/>Twelve Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, November</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1896.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-10a">
<interp inst="t18961116-10a" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-10a" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-10a-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10a-18961116 t18961116-10a-offence-1 t18961116-10a-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10a-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10a-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10a-18961116" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-10a-18961116" type="surname" value="GAMBLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-10a-18961116" type="given" value="THEODORE AUSTIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THEODORE AUSTIN GAMBLE</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-10a-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-10a-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-10a-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-10a-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-10a-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-10a-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to four indictments for forging and uttering certain valuable securities, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-10a-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-10a-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-10a-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10a-18961116 t18961116-10a-punishment-12"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-11">
<interp inst="t18961116-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-11" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18961116 t18961116-11-offence-1 t18961116-11-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-11-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18961116" type="surname" value="GROUT"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18961116" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GROUT</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18961116-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>Feloniously having in his possession by night, without lawful excuse, an instrument of housebreaking.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ARMSTRONG</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-60" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-60" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD WALKER</persName> </hi> (900,
<hi rend="italic">City Police.</hi>) On October 30th, at 2.30 a.m., I was on duty in Cutler Street, Houndsditch, and saw the prisoner peeping round the corner towards Goring Street—I chased him, and caught him at the corner of Bevis Marks—I said to him, "What is your game?"—he said, "Nothing"—I felt him down, and found on him this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi>—he said, "Give me another chance, old man; you are off your beat here"—I took him to the station and charged him with attempting to break and enter 48, Houndsditch—I found the bolt of that house had been forced; he was within ten yards of that house when I saw him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> It is not an ordinary
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi>, there are hundreds of them made—I never ran away—there was another man with me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I saw two men at the corner of Goring Street, but I did not see the other man afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction of a like offence on November</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894;
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18961116 t18961116-11-punishment-13"/>and other convictions were proved, the sentence on two of which were Four Years' and Ten Years Penal Servitude.—Six Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-12">
<interp inst="t18961116-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-12" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-18961116 t18961116-12-offence-1 t18961116-12-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-12-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-12-18961116 t18961116-12-offence-1 t18961116-12-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160012"/>
<persName id="def1-12-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18961116" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18961116" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18961116" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS HARRIS</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-12-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-12-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-12-18961116" type="age" value="65"/>
<interp inst="def2-12-18961116" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="def2-12-18961116" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY ARMSTRONG</hi> (65)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing £20 of
<persName id="t18961116-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-63" type="surname" value="GALLAGHER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-63" type="given" value="ROBERT WHITE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-12-offence-1 t18961116-name-63"/>Robert White Gallagher</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-64" type="surname" value="HATTON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-64" type="given" value="CHARLES GEORGE"/>CHARLES GEORGE HATTON</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of Mr. Gallagher, stockbroker, of 37, Walbrook—on January 8th he sent me to the London and South-Western Bank to cash a cheque for £30—I cashed the cheque there for the £30, for which I got a £20 note and a £10 note—I started back to the office with the money—on my way back, in Lombard Street, a man tapped me on the shoulder, and said, "You have just cashed a cheque at our bank"—I said, "What bank?"—he said, "The London and South-Western Bank, in Fenchurch Street. Do you know any thing about that cheque?"—I said, "Yes; Mr. Vickers signed it"—he said, "You go and tell your master to come back to the bank at once"—he told me to run to the office and fetch him, and asked me to give him the money; he said he would take the notes back to the bank while I went to fetch my master—I gave him the two notes, and went straight back to my master and told him what had happened, and gave a descrip
<lb/>tion of the man to whom I had given the notes—he was a short man, about thirty, with a short moustache, wearing a dark coat and a round felt hat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Armstrong.</hi> I did not see you before I saw you at the Mansion House.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Harris.</hi> I did not see you before I saw you at the Mansion House—I do not say you are the man that stole the money; he was about your build, but I could not say it was you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-65" type="surname" value="GALLAGHER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-65" type="given" value="ROBERT WHITE"/>ROBERT WHITE GALLAGHER</persName> </hi>. I am a stockbroker, at 37, Walbrook—Hatton was in my employ—on January 8th I sent him with 14 cheque of Mr. Vickers' to the London and South-Western Bank, to get changed—I wanted a £20 note and a £10 note—the boy came back and made a statement to me—I afterwards communicated with the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-66" type="surname" value="VINE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-66" type="given" value="HARRY VERNON"/>HARRY VERNON VINE</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the London and South-western Bank, Fenchurch Street—Mr. Vickers has an account there—on January 6th a boy came and presented a cheque for £30, drawn by Mr. Vickers—I cashed it with two notes, one for £20 and the other for £10—the £10 note was numbered 02649, dated May 23rd, 1895.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-67" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-67" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY D'OYLEY"/>WILLIAM HENRY D'OYLEY NICHOLLS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the accountant's office of the Bank Note Department of the Bank of England—I produce a £10 note, No. 02649, May 23rd, 1895.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-68" type="surname" value="BANFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-68" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BANFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am a salesman to Charles Baker and Co., Limited, of Tottenham Court Road—on January 8th Armstrong came to my department, and bought a boy's suit of clothes for 15s. 8d.—he tendered in payment a £10 note—I recognise him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Armstrong</hi>. I next saw you in the dock at the Mansion House.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-69" type="surname" value="PEPPIN"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN PEPPIN</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant to Charles Baker and Co., Limited—on January 8th this £10 note, No. 02649, May 23rd, 1895, was tendered in payment of the sale by Banfield at the shop—the prisoner Armstrong tendered the note—I endorsed it at the time with my signature, and the initials of the cheque upon which the goods were purchased.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Armstrong</hi>. I next saw you in the dock at the Mansion House.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160013"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-70" type="surname" value="SELBY"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-70" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER SELBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective G</hi>). I know the two prisoners in the name of Restall—they live together at Jerusalem Court, Clerkenwell.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Harris</hi>. I have known you for a considerable time; I know your brother as well—I first knew you some six years ago, through your being about the neighbourhood of Clerktmwell—I am quite sure your name is Restall.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-71" type="surname" value="CROUCH"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-71" type="given" value="JESSE"/>JESSE CROUCH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Sergeant, City.</hi>) On January 8th, about 10.40 a.m., I was in Oracechurch Street, and saw the prisoners with another man, not in custody—I know Armstrong—they were loitering outside the side entrance of the London and South-Western Bank, in Gracechurch Street—they were there about five minutes; they then crossed the road, and went down Lombard Street, the other man not in custody taking the lead—they turned into Change Alley, where I lost sight of them—Harris was dressed in a similar way to what he is now; he had a bard felt hat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Harris.</hi> There are several corners in Change Alley, and you must have turned to the right or left; I could not see you when I got to the first of the two corners—when you turned into Change Alley I was at the corner of the London and County Bank, about 200 yards from you—I could not tell which entrance the boy went to—I did not speak to anybody—I made no report of this at the time—I re
<lb/>membered it from a certain occurrence that took place on that day—I am sure it happened on Wednesday, January 8th, at 10.40—I can remember the two men.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-72" type="surname" value="OTWAT"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-72" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN OTWAT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, City.</hi>) Shortly before eleven o'clock on Octo
<lb/>ber 31st, I was in Lombard Street—I saw the prisoners and another man not in custody, loitering there—I suspected them, and kept them under observation—they spoke together, and separated and walked into Cle
<lb/>ment's Lane, where Harris placed himself in a position to see the entrance to the Clydesdale Bank, the other two men keeping a distance down the lane, and keeping a look-out—after a few minutes they joined and spoke, and walked into Lombard Street—there the man not in custody placed himself at the corner of Abchurch Lane, where he had the view of four or five different banks, and appeared to watch the entrances, the other two men standing at a distance, but so as to keep him in view—after a time they again joined, spoke together, and then separated and walked into Clement's Lane and King William Street—they came back through Lombard Street into Plough Court—there Harris stood at the entrance, and the other two men a little further back—Harris could see the entrance to Barclay and Co.'s Bank—several hads passed the court, and all the prisoners followed them, until they passed the neighbourhood of the banks—then they spoke together, separated, and walked into Fenchurch Street—Armstrong stood outside the London and South-Western Bank, watching the entrance, the other two prisoners standing some thirty yards away, on the opposite side of the way, but able to see Armstrong—a boy left the London and South-Western Bank, and I saw Armstrong had noticed him, and he followed him—when opposite the other two men Armstrong raised his hat, as a signal—the other two men crossed over and joined Armstrong, and they continued to follow the boy into Philpot Lane—in the middle of Philpot Lane Harris took off his overcoat, and banded it to Armstrong—they all three</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160014"/>
<p>separated, and Harris ran after the boy and stopped him at the corner of Philpot Lane and East cheap—as he was leaving the lad I caught Harris, and the other two prisoners ran away—at that time three officers were passing—I shouted to them to detain Armstrong, who was running away—the third man by that time had disappeared—I said I was a police officer, and they would be charged with frequenting the streets for the purpose of committing a felony—Harris said, "I don't know what you mean"—he became very violent—we took him to the station, where he refused to give any account of himself, and refused to be searched—Armstrong gave the name of Armstrong, but no address.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Harris.</hi> I had to call assistance to get you to the station; it took two of us to get you there—you were violent at first, till you saw you were overpowered—you struggled to get away, and pushed me about, trying to make me release my hold on you—at the station it took six men to hold you, and you had to be taken into another part of the station and searched—you were violent as soon as I arrested you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-73" type="surname" value="MISHOW"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-73" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER MISHOW</persName> </hi>. I am an office boy—on October 31st I was sent with a cheque to the London and South-Western Bank—when I came out of the bank I was on my way back to my employers, when Harris came up and spoke to me—after he had spoken to me' the detective arrested him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Harris.</hi> You asked me where Addle Lane was; I said I did not know; I would show you where Idol Lane was, and you said that would not do—you said no more; you were just going to leave me when the detective caught hold of you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Armstrong, in his defence, complained that he had not been identified until he was in the dock, and said that the witnesses were mistaken, and that he was not the man.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">H. V. NINE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>). The cheque was cashed between 10.30 and 11.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Armstrong then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in Sep
<lb/>tember</hi>, 1890.
<hi rend="italic">Two other convictions were proved against him. Sergeant Bryan stated that similar robberies had occurred once or twice a week for the last four years, and that they had ceased in the City since the arrest of the prisoners. There were two other indictments against Harris for similar offences.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARMSTRONG</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-12-18961116 t18961116-12-punishment-14"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-12-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-12-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-12-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-18961116 t18961116-12-punishment-15"/>Three Years 'Penal Servitude. The</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAND JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">commended the conduct of the police in the case.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-13">
<interp inst="t18961116-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-13" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-18961116 t18961116-13-offence-1 t18961116-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18961116" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18961116" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18961116" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WHITE</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Feloniously breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t18961116-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-75" type="surname" value="RUSHBROOKE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-75" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-13-offence-1 t18961116-name-75"/>George Rushbrooke</persName>, and stealing a vest and other articles, his goods.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACKWELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-76" type="surname" value="DORMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-76" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DORMAN</persName> </hi> (346,
<hi rend="italic">City.</hi>) Between 3.30 and 3.45 a.m. on October 31st I was on duty in Little Britain—I heard a crash of glass, and looked into Smithfield, and saw the prisoner put his hand through the window of Mr. Rushbrooke's, 59, West Smithfield, and take out a pair of gloves, a handkerchief and a waistcoat—I seized him, with the goods in his hand—I took him to the station, and charged him—he said he did not break the window; he saw the hole in the glass, and thought he might as well</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160015"/>
<p>have some of the things—I looked inside the window, and saw this piece of brick—the interval between hearing the crash and seeing the prisoner was momentary—I did not see anyone else near the window.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> Not a moment elapsed between the noise of the glass breaking and my finding you there—I simply had to step off the kerb into the roadway to see the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-77" type="surname" value="MONTAGUE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-77" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MONTAGUE</persName> </hi>. I am manager to George Rushbrooke, a clothier, of 59, West Smithfield—these things are his property—they were in the shop when I left it on October 30th—I did not lock up the premises, but I saw them locked up by the shopman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the—Magistrate</hi>: "I am quite innocent of breaking the window; I was looking for work; coming through, I saw a man running; I saw a hole in the window, and, as I was hard up, I took the things out."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, stated that he was looking for work in the market; that he heard the crash of glass, and, getting to the window ten minutes afterwards, was tempted by seeing the hole.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>GUILTY
<hi rend="italic">of Larceny.</hi> </rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>*
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in November</hi>, 1895.
<hi rend="italic">One other conviction was proved against the prisoner.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-13-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-13-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-13-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-18961116 t18961116-13-punishment-16"/>Eight Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-14">
<interp inst="t18961116-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-14" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18961116 t18961116-14-offence-1 t18961116-14-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-14-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18961116" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18961116" type="surname" value="CAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18961116" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES CAWLEY</hi> (60)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to obtaining a coat and 27s., the property of
<persName id="t18961116-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-79" type="surname" value="PEACOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-79" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-14-offence-1 t18961116-name-79"/>John Peacock</persName> and others, and to a previous conviction at this Court; other convictions were also proved against him.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-14-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-14-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-14-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18961116 t18961116-14-punishment-17"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-15">
<interp inst="t18961116-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-15" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-18961116 t18961116-15-offence-1 t18961116-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18961116" type="surname" value="MANTLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18961116" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HENRY CHARLES MANTLE</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18961116-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Unlawfully obtain
<lb/>ing one penny from
<persName id="t18961116-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-81" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-81" type="given" value="EMMELINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-15-offence-1 t18961116-name-81"/>Emmeline Barton</persName> by false pretences.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, for obtaining 2s. and 1s. from other persons.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HEDDON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-82" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-82" type="given" value="EMMELINE"/>EMMELINE BARTON</persName> </hi>. I am a domestic servant at 63, Weston Park, Crouch End—about the end of July or the beginning of August the prisoner called at the house and asked me if I would subscribe to the Free Meals and Fresh-air Fund for Poor Children at Stepney—he said, "I come from Stepney, from Dr. Carlisle, of Dalgleith Place, Stepney"—I gave him a penny; he wrote something in a book, and went away—he came back in two or three days, and said he was going to take some poor children to Weymouth—I told him if he would make me out a paper I would get what I could, possibly—a little while afterwards he brought me this paper. (
<hi rend="italic">This was headed</hi>" £2
<hi rend="italic">wanted to send twenty poor children for a week. Address. Mantle, Dalgleith Park.</hi>") The persons who subscribed were persons of my own family, and friends; I collected the money, and handed it to the prisoner—I afterwards received this letter from the prisoner. (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated from Weymouth, and asked for assistance to discharge a balance due of 8s.</hi>) In consequence of that letter, I sent him 2s.—when he told me he was collecting for this fund I believed his statement—it was in consequence of that letter that I sent him the money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You said your home was at Wey
<lb/>mouth, and that you and a friend were taking some children down there</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160016"/>
<p>—I believed that he was honestly sending this money for these poor children.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-83" type="surname" value="LUKER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-83" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK LUKER</persName> </hi>. I am secretary to the Church Army, at 130, Edgware Road—the prisoner has never been employed to collect money for our charities—we have a Fresh-air Fund—the Rev. W. Carlisle is our hon, secretary; he lives at Dorking—he would have an address at Dalgleith Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-84" type="surname" value="GALLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-84" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL GALLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 31, Hermitage Road, Wood Green—I work on the New River—on a day in September I found in the river this parcel, containing these books and papers—I handed them to Mr. Green.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-85" type="surname" value="MANTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-85" type="given" value="BENJAMIN JOSIAH"/>BENJAMIN JOSIAH MANTLE</persName> </hi>. I am a policeman on the Great Western Railway, at Weymouth—I reside there—the prisoner is my son—on Saturday, August 8th, my son came down to me—I did not meet the train, but I saw the train come in—I went to meet it, but having to go on duty at six a.m., I did not remain—the train passed me while I was on duty, and I saw my son in a compartment by himself—my wife went to meet him, and I saw him twenty minutes afterwards—he passed, and I opened the gate and admitted him—he remained with me from then to the 24th—I saw him every day—I never saw him in company with any children—I asked him what he was doing—he said he was a cook and waiter—I said, "Are you leading an honest life?'—he said he was on board wages at 10s. a week; that the family had gone to Bournemouth; he merely came down on a visit—he said he was coming for a fortnight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-86" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-86" type="surname" value="LUXTON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-86" type="given" value="BESSIE"/>BESSIE LUXTON</persName> </hi>. I am a domestic servant, at Roslyn, Haslemere Road, Crouch End—in August the prisoner came to the house, and asked me to take an alms-bag upstairs to my mistress—he said he was collecting for it—I took it up, and made a communication to my mistress—she gave me two sixpences—I put them in the bag, and gave it to the prisoner—I believed what he said, and in consequence of that I gave him the shilling.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am sure I put the two sixpences in the bag—I think it must have been at the latter end of August that you came.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-87" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-87" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH CHAPMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant, Y.</hi>) About half-past one in the afternoon of November 2nd I was at High Barnet, in company with detective Wilkinson—I there saw the prisoner—I told him he would be charged with obtaining various sums of money from a Miss Barton; also with obtaining 1s. from a Mrs. Grant, of Fortis Green Road, by a false and fraudulent pretence—he made no reply—I conveyed him to Highgate, where he was detained—this parcel of books and papers was brought to the station by Galley—when I arrested the prisoner he was in the act of collecting money with this box. (
<hi rend="italic">This had on it, "Church Army, Rev. W. Carlisle, Director. Amount wanted</hi>, £360; 400
<hi rend="italic">poor children. Meals and fresh air, etc</hi>") I found on him this bag, which has been identified—he was charged at Highgate Police-court with obtaining money from Miss Luxton—he made no reply to the charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>: I belong to a chapel at Wood Green, and had a box given me, with an authority to collect money for charitable objects; last spring I was collecting on my own responsibility to take poor children to Weymouth for fresh air; I gave my right name and address; the books found in the New River by Galley were handed by him to another man,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160017"/>
<p>who is not here, and it was nearly a month after that before any proceed
<lb/>ings were taken against me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at Clerkenwell in August</hi>, 1894,
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-15-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-15-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-15-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-18961116 t18961116-15-punishment-18"/>and other convictions were proved against him.—Three Tears' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAND JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">commended the conduct of Sergeant Chapman.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, November</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1896.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-16">
<interp inst="t18961116-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-16" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18961116 t18961116-16-offence-1 t18961116-16-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-16-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-16-18961116 t18961116-16-offence-1 t18961116-16-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-16-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18961116 t18961116-16-offence-2 t18961116-16-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-16-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-16-18961116 t18961116-16-offence-2 t18961116-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18961116" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18961116" type="surname" value="POULTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18961116" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED POULTON</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-16-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-16-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-18961116" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-18961116" type="surname" value="POULTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-18961116" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE POULTON</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18961116-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-90" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-90" type="surname" value="HUGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-90" type="given" value="AGNES ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-16-offence-1 t18961116-name-90"/>Agnes Eliza Huggins</persName>, and stealing three coats and a candle, her property</rs>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18961116-16-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-16-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-16-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18961116-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-91" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-91" type="surname" value="FABIAN"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-91" type="given" value="SOLLY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-16-offence-2 t18961116-name-91"/>Solly Fabian</persName>, and stealing three pairs of boots and other articles, his property;</rs> George Poulton having been convicted at Chelmsford in June, 1894.
<hi rend="italic">Several con
<lb/>victions were proved against George, and one against Alfred.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-16-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-16-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-16-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-16-18961116 t18961116-16-punishment-19"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-16-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-16-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-16-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18961116 t18961116-16-punishment-20"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-17">
<interp inst="t18961116-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-17" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-18961116 t18961116-17-offence-1 t18961116-17-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-17-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18961116" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18961116" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18961116" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM EDWARD WATKINS</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18961116-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-93" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-93" type="given" value="LOUISA JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-17-offence-1 t18961116-name-93"/>Louisa Jane Smith</persName>, his wife being alive.—</rs>
<rs id="t18961116-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-17-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-18961116 t18961116-17-punishment-21"/>Two Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-18">
<interp inst="t18961116-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-18" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-18961116 t18961116-18-offence-1 t18961116-18-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-18-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-18-18961116 t18961116-18-offence-1 t18961116-18-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-18-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-18-18961116 t18961116-18-offence-1 t18961116-18-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-18-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18961116" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18961116" type="surname" value="SAGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18961116" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SAGE</hi> (20)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-18-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-18-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-18961116" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-18961116" type="surname" value="LOADER"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-18961116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM LOADER</hi> (20)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-18-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-18-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-18-18961116" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def3-18-18961116" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def3-18-18961116" type="given" value="BEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BEN COOPER</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18961116-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-97" type="surname" value="SAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-97" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-18-offence-1 t18961116-name-97"/>Robert Sage</persName>, and stealing a ring and other articles and £3 10s. in money; Sage having been convicted at Clerkenwell on, 1894. </rs>
<rs id="t18961116-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-18-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-18961116 t18961116-18-punishment-22"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOADER</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-18-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-18-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-18-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-18-18961116 t18961116-18-punishment-23"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-18-18961116 t18961116-18-punishment-23"/>Two Months' Hard Labour each.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-19">
<interp inst="t18961116-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-19" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-18961116 t18961116-19-offence-1 t18961116-19-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-19-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18961116" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18961116" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18961116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WELLS</hi>** (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to breaking and entering a chapel, and stealing a con
<lb/>tribution—box and divers pictures, the property of
<persName id="t18961116-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-99" type="surname" value="HIBBERD"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-99" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-19-offence-1 t18961116-name-99"/>William Hibberd</persName>; hav
<lb/>ing been convicted at Clerkenwell on December 18th, 1893.—</rs>
<rs id="t18961116-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-19-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-19-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-19-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-18961116 t18961116-19-punishment-24"/>Three Months' Hard Labour, having Nine Months still to serve of his previous sentence.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-20">
<interp inst="t18961116-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-20" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18961116 t18961116-20-offence-1 t18961116-20-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-20-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18961116" type="age" value="67"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18961116" type="surname" value="PRATT"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18961116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN PRATT</hi> (67)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtaining £2 5s. from
<persName id="t18961116-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-101" type="surname" value="GLADWIN"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-101" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-20-offence-1 t18961116-name-101"/>Francis Gladwin</persName>, £1 1s. from
<persName id="t18961116-name-102" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-102" type="surname" value="WILKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-102" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-20-offence-1 t18961116-name-102"/>William Wilkins</persName>, and £1 1s. from
<persName id="t18961116-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-103" type="surname" value="FENNER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-103" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-20-offence-1 t18961116-name-103"/>Arthur Fenner</persName>, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18961116-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18961116-20-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-20-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-20-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18961116 t18961116-20-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-21">
<interp inst="t18961116-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-21" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-18961116 t18961116-21-offence-1 t18961116-21-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-21-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-21-18961116 t18961116-21-offence-1 t18961116-21-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-21-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18961116" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18961116" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18961116" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WALKER</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-21-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-21-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-18961116" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-18961116" type="surname" value="ZAHL"/>
<interp inst="def2-21-18961116" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ZAHL</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18961116-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-106" type="surname" value="CAUSTON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-106" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-21-offence-1 t18961116-name-106"/>James Causton</persName>, and stealing £9 12s. in money and various articles, his property; having both been before convicted of felony.—</rs>
<rs id="t18961116-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-21-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-21-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-21-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-18961116 t18961116-21-punishment-26"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-21-18961116 t18961116-21-punishment-26"/>Six Months' Hard Labour each.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-22">
<interp inst="t18961116-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-22" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18961116 t18961116-22-offence-1 t18961116-22-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-22-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-22-18961116 t18961116-22-offence-1 t18961116-22-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-22-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18961116" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18961116" type="surname" value="KILBY"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18961116" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT KILBY</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-22-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-22-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-18961116" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-18961116" type="surname" value="CAKEBREAD"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-18961116" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES CAKEBREAD</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18961116-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-109" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-109" type="given" value="BENJAMIN APPLETON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-22-offence-1 t18961116-name-109"/>Benjamin Appleton Read</persName>, and stealing thirty-seven shoulders of leather, his property.</rs>
<rs id="t18961116-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KILBY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to assaulting a constable in the execution of his duty.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-22-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-22-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-22-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18961116 t18961116-22-punishment-27"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-22-18961116 t18961116-22-punishment-27"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour each on the burglary; and</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KILBY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-22-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-22-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-22-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18961116 t18961116-22-punishment-28"/>Nine Months more on the assault.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-23">
<interp inst="t18961116-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-23" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18961116 t18961116-23-offence-1 t18961116-23-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-23-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18961116" type="age" value="77"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18961116" type="surname" value="O'BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18961116" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS O'BRYANT</hi> (77)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-111" type="surname" value="GARDNER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-111" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GARDNER</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist, of 54, Piccadilly—on October 30th, about three p.m., the prisoner came in for a pennyworth of pills, and tendered a florin—I noticed a scratchy appearance on it, tested it with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160018"/>
<p>nitric acid, and found it was bad, and told him so—he said he had taken it off a
<hi rend="italic">'bus</hi> in change that evening—he offered me 1s., but as I had no change I handed it back to him—he came again that day week at three p.m. for a box of pills—I recognized him immediately—he gave me a florin with scratches on the head, just like the former one—I said, "You came here a week ago with a bad one"—I tested it, gave it back to him, and asked him to leave the place—going out, he tendered me a 6d., which I refused—after he had gone a few yards I pointed him out to a constable, who brought him back, and I gave him in charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> On October 30th I took the coin out of your presence for two or three minutes, and showed it to a porter—the nitric acid blackened it, and it effervesced—I gave it back into your hand.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have never seen either of the coins since.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-112" type="surname" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-112" type="given" value="ANTHONY"/>ANTHONY GEORGE</persName> </hi> (26
<hi rend="italic">C.</hi>) On November 26th Mr. Gardner pointed out the prisoner to me, and when he got to the corner of Clifford Street I asked him if he had been in a shop in Piccadilly—he said, "Yes," but he did not know whose shop—I asked him where the 6d. was; he said he threw that away with the florin, because he did not want to be caught with it in his pocket.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. Gardner was not satisfied as to what the first date was that you were in his shop, and I went back to see if it was within ten days.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "I deny passing the florin; I deny being in the shop on the previous occasion."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>: How are we to know whether Mr. Gardner is right? How do I know what became of the coin after it left my pocket?</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—He
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin on March</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1888,
<hi rend="italic">upon which the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi> found
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of felony. Several other convictions of Mint offences were proved against him; he had been twice sentenced to Seven and twice to Five Years' Penal Servitude.—
<rs id="t18961116-23-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-23-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-23-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18961116 t18961116-23-punishment-29"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, November</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th, and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday and Friday, November</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1896.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-24">
<interp inst="t18961116-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-24" type="date" value="18961116"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-24-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-18961116 t18961116-24-offence-1 t18961116-24-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-24-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-24-18961116 t18961116-24-offence-1 t18961116-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18961116" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18961116" type="surname" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18961116" type="given" value="GEORGE HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HERBERT FRANCIS</hi> (31)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-24-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-24-18961116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-18961116" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-18961116" type="surname" value="ROWELL"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-18961116" type="given" value="CATHERINE ALICE SINCLAIR CLARISSE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CATHERINE ALICE SINCLAIR CLARISSE ROWELL</hi> (38)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-24-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-24-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-24-18961116" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def3-24-18961116" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def3-24-18961116" type="given" value="WALTER GERARD GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER GERARD GEORGE JONES</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully conspiring to obtain and obtaining by false pretences divers sums of money from
<persName id="t18961116-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-116" type="surname" value="HONOUR"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-116" type="given" value="VICTOR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-24-offence-1 t18961116-name-116"/>Victor Honour</persName>, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RANDOLPH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OVEREND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Jones.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Francis and Rowell, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Jones.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-117" type="surname" value="HONOUR"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-117" type="given" value="VICTOR"/>VICTOR HONOUR</persName> </hi>. I am an Austrian, and a naturalised subject here—I have traded as a money-lender and bill-broker at 131, Jermyn Street—in April, 1896, Bentley introduced Francis and Rowell—about April 15th I saw Francis and Rowell at my office—Bentley said Francis was the son of a General in India, and Francis confirmed it—Bentley said Rowell was a widow, and was entitled to £60,000 from an uncle, and to two houses,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160019"/>
<p>76 and 78, Brewery Road, settled by an aunt—Francis said he was trustee to the settlement—I was told the aunt was about eighty-three or eighty-four years old—Bentley showed me these letters (Nos. 12 and 13) about two weeks afterwards. (
<hi rend="italic">No</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">was dated from</hi> 4,
<hi rend="italic">Park Place, St. James's, March</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1896,
<hi rend="italic">and asked Mr. Bentley whether he could do any
<lb/>thing in the matter of a lady who was raising a loan of</hi> £2,000
<hi rend="italic">on freehold property</hi>, 76
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> 78,
<hi rend="italic">Brewery Road, Hottoway, of the present value of £2,800 settled on her by her aunt, aged eighty-three; and stated that the matter was in order; the solicitors were Munk and Co., of 40, Broad Street House; the security was absolutely clean, as far as borrowing was concerned, a fact which, as trustee, the writer, Francis, could answer for; No.</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">was dated from Broad Street House, and dated March</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th, and was to the effect that Mrs. Firman, of Brewery Road, had settled upon their client, Mrs. Rowett, two freehold houses in Brewery Road, the rentals of which were</hi> £60
<hi rend="italic">a year each, and that Mrs. Rowell had instructed them to negotiate for a mortgage of her interest to the extent of £1,500, which they expected to carry through within the next two or three weeks; it was signed Munk and Co.</hi>) On April 14th, after the conversation at my office, I went with Francis and Rowell to the office of Munk and Co., solicitors, Broad Street—I there saw Jones—Bentley introduced me to Jones, and said, "This is Mr. Jones"—I said I saw written on the door, "Munk and Co; "I thought he was Munk—he said, "Oh, I am a partner to Munk; this is just the same"—I said, "They are stating that you are arranging for them money on the two houses, 76 and 78, Brewery Koad; you are the solicitor; they are stating you are the family solicitor"—he said, "Yes, I am"—I said, "To Mrs. Rowell?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Are you the family solicitor to her aunt?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Are you acting?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Is the settlement revocable? What is the nature of the settlement, supposing I let her have the money? I might let her have the money, and in another couple of days the aunt might take away the settlement"—he said, "No, that cannot be done, because it is irrevocable; the aunt is responsible for any action she has done through me; you will be safe for the money"—I said, "Did the aunt consent that the niece should charge it?"—he said, "Yes"—he said they were buying a public-house, which was a big bargain, and it was with the aunts consent that she should borrow money on the houses—I said, "How do you know, supposing the houses are already charged?"—he said, "They are not charged; I am the solicitor" to it, and I state to you they are not charged"—I said, "I shall want so that you shall state that her aunt does not charge already"—he said, "Certainly not;" this was a first charge—they wanted £200—I agreed to lend that—this document was drawn up by way of a charge at Jones's office by Jones—I told him what I wanted, and he put it into English; I did not give him the exact words, I could not do so—he started to write the document in the way of a memorandum, and I thought he was a very innocent family solicitor, and did not know how to draw up a document; and I said, "You
<hi rend="italic">will</hi> excuse me; I will tell you what I want, and you will put it in English," and I told him what I wanted, and he put it all right—that document mentions a settlement of March 18th, by Louisa Firman upon her niece—from beginning to end of this transaction I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160020"/>
<p>never saw any such settlement of March 18th—Mrs. Rowell signed this document at Jones's office—for the advance of £5 and £200 I was to take this bill for £300, payable on May 1st—when I was first introduced to Jones it was as the solicitor for Mrs. Rowell, but after he spoke to me very kindly and nicely, I said, "Shall I call my solicitor?" and he said, "If you like; I can act for you," and I said, "I don't mind this"—I think I paid him £1 1s. on that occasion, and he gave me this receipt for it—I left Jones's office and went to the bank, and they cashed this cheque for £200 which I had drawn at my office, and handed over to them in Jones's office—I paid the £5 in Jones's office—I gave this notice of charge, dated April 15th, to Messrs. Munk and Co.—Jones drew it up; it is in his writing—I got this receipt for the notice of charge—I kept the bill for £305—Jones gave me the receipt for the notice of the charge, signed "Munk and Co."—on April 21st I saw Bentley, Francis, and Rowell at my office—they wanted another £100 upon this further charge on the same security—I agreed, and drew these two cheques for £15 and £50, and took this bill for £145, drawn by Mrs. Rowell, and accepted by Francis—the charge recites the same settlement of March 18th, and was executed by Catherine Rowell in Jones's office—it is witnessed by a clerk to Munk and Co.—I did not go there personally then; my clerk went—this is the notice of charge in my clerk's writing, and this is the receipt for that notice. (
<hi rend="italic">Acknowledging the notice, on behalf of Mrs. Rowell, of the advance of</hi> £5,
<hi rend="italic">and of the discount of the bill for</hi> £145,
<hi rend="italic">and undertaking to repay the</hi> £145,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> £5,
<hi rend="italic">in addition to the previeusadvance</hi> of £305,
<hi rend="italic">out of the first moneys received by way of mortgage, which was then being negotiated, and as to which they were not aware there was any hindrance to its being carried out in due course. This was signed</hi>, "
<hi rend="italic">Munk and</hi> Co."). On May 1st Francis called, and wanted money and clothes, and he took £50 in money and clothes for himself and Bentley, I and he gave me a bill for £150—this is the cheque by which I made the I advance—I took no charge for that; it was done personally with Francis, because I thought he was all right—on May 9th Francis, Rowell and Bentley called again, and I agreed to make a further advance of £200, and did so by these cheques for £150 and £50—I took a charge by way of this endorsement upon the last charge—I gave the usual notice of charge, and got this receipt of that notice, signed "Munk and Co."—I also took a bill for £600, and got back the bill for £150 which Francis had given on May 1st—I saw Jones myself in regard to that transaction, and got this receipt, signed "Munk and Co.," for £1 1s. costs, written by Jones—on April 15th I asked Jones, "Where are the deeds?"—he said, "They are with the other side's solicitors: you cannot see them now"—I do not think he named the solicitors—after the advance on May 9th I made further inquiries of Jones about the deeds, and said to him, "You are taking of me more money, and they promised me the deeds, and I consider now it is a big amount; I think I am entitled now myself to the deeds, and I might write it low, at five per cent., if you get the deeds, because the amount is a big amount"—he said, "A parson has got hold of them"—I said, "You told me the other side's solicitors"—he said, "76 and 78; one house belonged to the late husband of Mrs. Firman, and as he dropped dead suddenly, there is no question the house is the property of Mrs. Firman, but she must put in order"—he said, "Those deeds the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160021"/>
<p>old lady gave up to a parson with whom she was acquainted, to take care for her, and this clergyman had put it in the bank, and drawn £80 on it"—I said, "I don't mind to give £80 to get the deeds if this is all the stoppage; it is not worth while"—he said, "Not at all; I can prosecute him"—I wrote him a letter, and he said "The clergy
<lb/>man or the solicitor, "I don't remember which, "wrote to me, and promised to return the deeds within a week"—I went to him again another day, and he told me, and a clerk of his also told me, they had already got an appointment on Friday to get the deeds—afterwards I think he told me that the old lady had got the deeds and stuck to them—I had conversa
<lb/>tion with Francis and Rowell about the same thing—Francis told me the same thing about the old parson, and said the whole stoppage in the business was through the old parson—Rowell used to say the same thing—Francis gave me this letter (No. 6), from Mrs. Firman, 76, Brewery Road, with a deep mourning border. (
<hi rend="italic">This was to the effect that she was sorry she could not at present send the deeds, as one of the houses was in her deceased husband's name, and his business man was transferring it to her name, and as soon as everything was in form he (Francis) should have everything as he said; she hoped he was looking after her daughter Kate's interest, and all business matters for her, as she was now too old to be troubled with those things; but she felt she could always trust him</hi>). On July 3rd, I had a visit from Rowell, Francis and Jones—Jones brought some deeds under his arm, and said, "Now, you are safe like the Bank of England; you have got a £5 note in your pocket"—that was when, he handed me this settlement (No. 4). (
<hi rend="italic">This was a settlement between Louisa Firman, as settlor, and Catherine Rowell and George Herbert Francis, and witnessed and declared that in considera
<lb/>tion of natural love and affection and</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">Mrs. Firman granted to Rowell and Francis, and the survivor of them</hi>, 76
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> 78,
<hi rend="italic">Brewery Road, to have and to hold the premises in trust for Rowell after the death of Mrs. Firman. This was sealed and delivered by Louisa Firman in the presence of Elizabeth Tucker, and by Francis and Rowell in the presence of Jones</hi>)—I said to Jones, "Here is Tucker, a woman; why did not you witness the signature?"—he said, "Oh, this is just the same"—I said, "Suppos
<lb/>ing she died; I suppose Mrs. Firman has not got only Mrs. Rowell; she has someone else after her, and they might kick up a row, and say she signed it not with her own will; I should rather like, for safety, as we don't know when the matter is going to be settled, her solicitor to wit
<lb/>ness it"—he said, "It does not matter; that is not different; I am a soli
<lb/>citor, and I tell you so; my father's will is witnessed by his footman"—he said he had not time to wait for Mrs. Firman's signature; he had got some
<lb/>thing else to do; it Was an old woman, and it would take a long time to sign, so he did not want to bother—I kept that document, after he had taken it away and stamped it, and brought it back to me—the date on it is July 3rd—I said to Jones, "My charge is made previous to this date, and you should recite the whole of the previous settlement of March 18th"—he said he had not been able to do it in any other way—afterwards certain further advances were asked for, and I advanced £170, and took these two statutory declarations (Nos. 33 and 34) from Rowell and Francis respectively in Jones's presence. (
<hi rend="italic">These were identical, and were to the effect that the signatories were the Catherine Rowell and Herbert George Francis mentioned in the mortgage deed; and that</hi> 76
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> 78,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160022"/>
<hi rend="italic">Brewery Road, mentioned in the mortgage, were the absolute property of Louisa Firman</hi>). I got this letter of August 1st from Jones—an arrange
<lb/>ment was made with all three prisoners that I should take a mortgage of this property—the mortgage was to be £1,400—this mortgage deed (No. 5) was given to me executed). (
<hi rend="italic">This deed was dated July 31st, and was between Rowell and Francis of one part and Honour of the other part; it recited the settlement of July 3rd, and that the two houses were Rowells absolute property under that settlement, and stated that in consideration of</hi> £1,400
<hi rend="italic">advanced by Honour, and,</hi> £100
<hi rend="italic">interest, Rowell, an beneficial owner, conveyed to Honour all her interest under the settlement of July 3rd, and she covenanted for herself and her trustees to deposit the title deeds of</hi> 76,
<hi rend="italic">brewery Road with him, and she, Francis and Mrs. Firman agreed to pay interest, and undertook not to assign, underlet or part with possession of the premises without Honour's consent. It purported to be signed by Rowell, Francis and Firman in the presence of Elizabeth Tucker and W. Gerard Jones, Solicitor</hi>). This docu
<lb/>ment (No. 35) was given me by Jones—before I parted with the money I asked him to write all he knew about it, and he said, "With pleasure"—I said, "You see I cannot get the deeds, and they are delaying, and you want me to part with more money, and I should like to have every
<lb/>thing settled by you, because you are a solicitor, and if you state it, I believe it"—it was written in my office—some he wrote himself, and some I asked him to write—I asked him what he told me to put in writing—the whole of it is in Jones's writing. (
<hi rend="italic">This, signed "W. Gerard Jones," stated that he was retained by Mrs. Firman in connection with the settlement of</hi> 76
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> 78,
<hi rend="italic">Brewery Road upon Rowell, which he was instructed to draw, and that he had been retained to act for Mrs. Firman, Rowell, and Francis in connection with the mortgage of those premises to Honour; that he had been consulted by them, and had advised in connection with all the transactions with Honour and the mortgages; that he had seen the deeds relating to the property, which was freehold, and in the name of Louisa Firman; that her title was not encumbered in any way, and that Mrs. Rowell had not mortgaged her interest or tncumbered it in any way, except the prior interest with Honour, which was now to be cancelled</hi>). Upon getting this document and the mortgage deed I gave these three cheques for £625, £500, and £275, making £1,400—my clerk went with them to the bank—the previous bills which were at the bank were taken up with the money represented by the cheques for £1,400, and the difference of £170 Rowell kept—a little while after I saw Francis and Rowell again, about the equity of redemption—Jones brought this document (No. 39), and said he had pre
<lb/>pared it—Francis and Rowell said they would sell me the equity of redemption if I gave them another £100—I agreed to buy it, but the document was not executed, because in the meantime I determined to make some inquiry as to the value of the houses before I advanced more money—I sent my clerk to make inquiries, and he came back and reported to me, and then I sent for the prisoners—I told them all three, "I heard it is a beastly fraud; I don't believe it; it is impos
<lb/>sible"—Francis laughed at it, and said, "Your clerk has been drunk"—Mrs. Rowell denied it; they all denied it; they were very cool—Jones said, "It is impossible; what! you think I am a fool? I am a gentleman;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160023"/>
<p>I am a solicitor. Do you think I would go in for a thing like this? It is all right"—they laughed at it, and were very cool, and I thought there was some mistake—Jones came alone to see me one day—he said, "I am a gentleman, and everything is all right," and he made a couple of appoint
<lb/>ments to go and see Mrs. Firman, but he failed, and in the end he said, "She is an old woman; we should frighten her if we go together; let me go by myself"; and he was supposed to go and see her, and he came to me the day after, and said, "I went to Mrs. Firman, and I told her her position, and I explained it to her; that if she does not give up the deeds we can make her give them up; but it seemed she did not understand at all her position; she thought directly she would give up the deeds she would be turned out of the house, and I explained to her that she cannot be turned out of the house, because the mortgage on the house is only after her death, and then she was satisfied, and she would give up the deeds in another couple of days"—I got no deeds after that—I went to see Mrs. Firman, and after I came back I saw all the prisoners separately—Francis said, "The old lady did not know what she was saying, and Mrs. Rowell gave instructions to the old lady to say nothing; and so she did not say anything. Mrs. Rowell told the old lady, if anybody comes tell them nothing, and so she did not tell you anything, but she did not understand what she was saying; it is her house, and she has the deeds in her possession, and you will find everything all right"—I told Jones that Mrs. Firman had denied all knowledge of this, and the houses were not hers, and she was a tenant, and he said, "I will issue a writ against Mrs. Firman; she is a fraud," and he said a lot of things like that—after that I got this letter (No. 40) on September 12th, from Francis on paper with the heading of a club at Park Place, St. James's. (
<hi rend="italic">This, signed "G. Herbert Francis" stated that, with reference to their recent transactions re Mrs. Firman, in the course of next week he should pay</hi> £300
<hi rend="italic">on account of the debt, and that he felt that as it had been made a matter of pure honour, and his promissory notes had been handed back. Honour was entitled to the greatest con
<lb/>sideration</hi>). I did not get the £300 mentioned there—I did not get back a farthing of my money—I went to my present solicitor, and this prosecution began—the defendants were com
<lb/>mitted for trial some days before the last Sessions here—I paid Jones £15 for costs; I have receipts for £5 and £3—I advanced to the prisoners £775; and then there was £15 for costs to Jones, £10 I lent Francis on one occasion, and £25 the discount of some small bill to Rowell—I advanced over £800 to them, and I paid £120 commission to Bentley—I got none of it back—I believed the statements made to me, in reference to the two houses, that they were the property of Mrs. Firman, who had settled them on Mrs. Rowell; that Francis was the trustee, and that I was taking a security for the money I had advanced—on the faith of that I parted with my money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OVEREND</hi>. Bentley was well known to me; I believed he was acting in
<hi rend="italic">bona fides</hi>—I made no inquiries about Francis—I did not make the first advance on the acceptance of Francis solely—before the date of the first acceptance I did not make any advance to Francis—I did not attempt to see Mrs. Firman for some time, because I depended on Jones; he told me that she would be very much upset if I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160024"/>
<p>went straight to her, and so I left it all to Jones—I should not have parted with the money if Jones, the solicitor, had not made the state
<lb/>ments to me—I have had some dealings in reversions—I cannot say that is my business—I make no distinction in the amount of interest I charge in advances on reversions and on acceptances—I do not charge 600 per cent, on reversions; if people are pleased to give it to me I accept it, that is all—I advanced the money upon the statements made to me—I did not advance the money upon the statement that Francis's father was a General in India, but that statement made me think I should believe his statements; if a man is respectable you trust his statement—I went to see Mrs. Firman, with my clerk—he first went by himself about the neighbourhood, but did not see her—my clerk said to a girl at the door that he wanted to see Mrs. Firman, and Mrs. Firman came out, and he said, "we wanted to know are the houses belonging to you?"—she said, "I am only a tenant, and a monthly"—he said, "Does not 76 belong to you?" and she said, "No"—he said, "I am a Christian, and you are a Christian; we must speak the truth," and I said to her, "We must speak the truth; we want you to tell us, are you a rich woman or not?"—she said, "No"; somebody helped her with 5s. a month—I said, "All I want to ask you is is this your signature?" showing her the mortgage, I think—she said, "No"—I said, "Will you write me your signature?'"—she said, "I am not going to give strangers anything more; I am afraid to give strangers any more information"—I said, "Do you know Mrs. Rowell?"—she said, "I know Mrs. Rowell"—I said, "Did she come to you?"—she said, "She did not come to me, and I do not want to see her"—I asked her whether Mrs. Rowell was her niece—I did not say she said she did not know her—they had told me that she had thirteen cottages somewhere, and asked her, had she got somo cottages—she said, "No; I have not got no cottages"—the defendants had tried to borrow more money from me on the cottages; that was my reason for asking about the cottages—I said, "Have you got some more property?"—she said, "I have some money in the Savings Bank"—I did not say anything to Mrs. Firman about her getting into trouble, or about Francis and Rowell being likely to get into trouble—I asked if she knew Francis—she said she saw him once—I asked her if Rowell was her niece, and she said, "Yes"—it seemed to me Mrs. Firman did not understand what a settlement meant; how could I ask her if she had made a settlement?—I don't remember that these cheques were not cashed on the day the declarations were sworn to, because the bank was closed when the cheques were given—the declarations were sworn on the 31st, I cannot remember the time—I do not think that the declarations were already prepared, so that the cheques should be cashed at the bank before four o'clock—I remember that they took of me £25 as a temporary loan till next day, when they would cash the cheques, as they did want money very badly—I do not think that the declarations were put before the prisoners to sign at the last moment, so that they could get the money at the bank before closing hours; I will swear it was not so.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. I affirmed instead of taking the oath, because my conviction is, if a man wants to tell the truth, he can tell it on his honour better than anything else—I am an honourable man—I said at the Police-court that I affirmed instead of swearing, because I was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160025"/>
<p>tired of swearing; that is my real reason—I do not believe in making the Bible so cheap; I saw so many swearing—my places of business are 131, Jermyn Street and 36, Moorgate Street, and Arthur Street, Covent Garden; nowhereelse—I carry on business under the names of Dent and Honour—I do not go in the name of Shakespear—I think I used that name a very short time in business, three or four years ago—I did not call myself Mil
<lb/>ton; that was my manager—I only use those names for the purpose of ad
<lb/>vertising, as people object to paying in cheques to their banks signed by names which are advertised in the papery as money-lenders; when I come to know people I never deny my name is Honour, and nearly all my clients know that that is my name; there is no secret in it—I did advertise in the name of Shakespear—I cannot say that when I started business in England I used the name of Shakespear, because I started a perfumery business (which I have still) in the name of Honour—when I started the money-lending business in England I used the name of Shakespear—I do not use the name of Milton—at my Jermyn Street premises there is painted up "Milton, Manager"—my clients want everything strictly private—my clerk's name is Winters, but he took the name of Milton, because his name is known in the money-lending trade, and it is for the benefit of our clients and for adverting—when we do business we tell the client our name is Honour, and we sign the bills Honour—my name is Honour, I swear; it is the translation of my real name,
<hi rend="italic">Ehrlich</hi>—Bentley, who introduced this business to me, is also called Bentote—I have known him two or three years—he has sometimes brought me business; I cannot say how often—I should think he is a money-lender's tout—I don't think he id here; I have not seen him—I see him frequently—I think I saw him a week ago in London; I do not know where he is now—I have not taken any steps to secure his attendance here—before producing the letter, Bentley verbally gave me the account of this matter, and who Francis and Rowell were—he said Rowell was entitled under this settlement to these two houses—he got £120 from me—I don't know that he had something from Francis, and I have not heard it, but I should say he did—Bentley at the time was under committal for trial on a charge of fraud; I knew that—I did not understand that he was getting this money to assist him in his difficulties—he has not been convicted, I think—he had no office on April 15th, but about June, I think, he had an office, after this happened—all agents are anxious to get money—Bentley went with me on April 15th to Jones's office, and introduced me—I don't think I under
<lb/>stood from Bentley that he had already been to Jones's office and seen him—Bentley gave me this letter from Munk and Co. after the first interview, in conversation; he gave it me a couple of weeks after April 18th—I had not seen it when I made the first advance on April 15th—when I went to Jones's office I should think there were a couple of clerks there, and I saw someone I identified as Mr. Munk, I think; he walked behind us, knocking about the office; I did not know it was him at the time—I asked for Mr. Munk, and they told me he was out—I have seen him now—I think I saw him at the office on that day, but he has not been introduced to me—I saw more than one clerk—I think, when we were discussing the terms of the document that was to be drawn up, the shorthand writer was present, because he was called in to take down what I wanted; and Jones</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160026"/>
<p>said, "Tell him what you want, and I will put this in English"—the clerk took down in shorthand what I wanted—I don't remember if he went into the next room and wrote it out—I know Jones wrote it in his writing, but I do not remember what happened—I still swear that Jones wrote out the whole of this charge of April 15th in my presence—the shorthand clerk did not take it down and go into the next room, and write it out, and bring back this document; this is in Jones's writing—I cannot tell whether that man (McNair) is the clerk who took it down in short-hand; I would say he is not; I will not be responsible for this—Jones never denied to me that he wrote this letter, signed "Munk and Co."—Jones did not point out to me on April 15th, when the clerk was in the room, or at any time, that the settlement was only signed in draft—I saw a draft of it; my solicitor has it—it was handed to me by Jones nearly at the end of the business, before the settlement of July 3rd—I do not know what you mean by draft—I do not call this the draft, because he wrote to me: "A fair copy of the draft of the within settlement was signed by Mrs. Firman, in the presence of a witness, on May 18th, 1896. Mrs. Firman has received notice of the advance made to Mrs. Rowell by Mr. Victor Honour"—this has been endorsed to me to keep me quiet, be
<lb/>cause I asked him very much for the deeds—when this was handed to me I did not understand from Jones that Mrs. Firman had signed a draft of the settlement only up to that time; she signed a settlement—this is a draft, but a copy of it is a settlement—I swear that on April 15th there was no conversation or statement about this settlement only having been signed in draft, because he says he was negotiating a loan, and a loan cannot be negotiated on nothing—I told Jones he was not drawing up a document in the right form, and corrected it—I said, "Shall I have a solicitor?" and he said, "No, I can act for you also"—Jones did not say to me, "You ought to be represented by a solicitor"—I think I said that I can take care of myself, because he said to me, "You should be a solicitor"—he flattered me, and I said, "Well, I can take care of myself"—I thought at that time I could take care of myself, and did not want a solicitor; if it is a straightforward way, I can take care—he has been my solicitor—I asked Jones to register this deed of settlement at the Middlesex Registry, and he took it of me to register it, and search if there were not other charges on it—I think he registered the settlement in the Middlesex Land Registry—I called several times at his office to ask him for the deeds, but I don't think I called on July 9th—I called on one occasion, when the same clerk who was there on July 3rd was pre
<lb/>sent—Jones did not tell me in the clerk's presence that he had tried to get the deeds until he was sick of doing it, or that excuses were constantly being made by Francis and Rowell for not bringing them—I swear he never said it in that way; he might have said it in some other way; he did not say, "Excuses have been made"—he told me not to part with any money if he was not present, and he said, "I will take care of you; you are a foreigner, and I will protect you"—he advised me to buy the equity of redemption—at one of the interviews I suggested to Jones that he should write to Francis, saying that I was going to consult another solicitor—he suggested it to me—he said, "If I write a letter to Mr. Francis, that you are going to another solicitor, and are worrying for the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160027"/>
<p>deeds, I think it will bring them up"—we spoke of it together, and I thought they were trying to get on the deeds money from someone else; that was what he suggested also—of course, I considered him as a friend of mine, and I thought I would stick to him; and he said he would write a letter—it must have been said that doing it might frighten them into bringing the deeds—I think a letter was then written out in my presence by Jones to Francis. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">putting to the witness the contents of the letter.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that he was going to ask whether certain words were not those dictated by the witness</hi>). We went away to have a drink, and I never saw the letter written, and I never dictated it—Jones wrote a letter, I think, and Francis came up to me a day after, and said, "I have a letter from Jones"—I believe he had one—I did not notice any letter in his hand when he came, and I did not read it, nor ask him to read it—Jones told me he was going to write to Francis that I was going to another solicitor," and he said, "You must not go to another solicitor; I will make it all right," and I promised him I would not go to another solicitor—I don't think I said just now that a letter was written by Jones to Francis in my presence—he said he would write, and I said, "Will you write it now?" and he said, "Never mind; I will write it when you are going away," and he asked if I would like a drink, and we went and had one; I know now the letter was not written in my presence. (
<hi rend="italic">The shorthand-writer read from his notes the passage</hi>:):"
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> And was a letter in your presence then written out by Jones to Francis?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I think it was.") I am sure the letter was not written; I take the responsibility on me that the letter was not written in my presence—Jones only told me he had written that I had got another solicitor; I do not know what he wrote—Francis told me, I have got a letter from Jones"—he did not tell me it was a letter in which Jones threatened he would go to another solicitor—I did not ask Francis what it was about, and he did not tell me—I know we had conversation; I think it was that he would bring up the deeds—Francis did not say that Jones was calling on him to produce the deeds, and threatening, if he did not do so, that I was going to consult another solicitor—Francis said, "You will have the deeds"—I think I understood that the letter that was spoken of had some reference to the deeds—I do not suggest that I have any document pur
<lb/>porting to be signed by Louisa Firman in Jones's presence—I do not know how I can know what Francis and Rowell have done with the money they got from me; I don't know what my solicitors have done; they have not reported to me—I suggest nothing—I cannot remember when I first ascertained that Mrs. Firman was not the owner of these houses; it was on a Sunday—I sent my clerk, Winters, after August 1st, I think; it was before they asked me to sell the equity, and about the time when the last deed was drawn, which was to purchase the equity; if that deed is not dated I do not remember the date—I cannot remember the date—it was the same week after the equity of redemption was bought, and about the same date, but I cannot tell the dates—I went to see Mrs. Firman on a Sunday, a week or two after my clerk had been to make inquiries—I was not satisfied by Winters report that the houses did not belong to Mrs. Firman—I told the prisoners when they next called that I had found the houses did not belong to Mrs. Firman; that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160028"/>
<p>was what the clerk told me, and I wanted to see what they would say—I did not believe it, but I told them I did; I thought there was something in it—I thought the clerk had made a mistake—I first believed it when I wentmyself, a week or two after Winters had been; I don't remember the date—to tell you the truth, I did not believe it; I told him I believed it, but I did not; I thought he bad made a mistake; I believe it now—I first believed it when I went by myself on the Sunday; that was a week or two afterwards—I saw Francis several times after that, and Jones also, about the business, to get the deeds; they still kept on saying that Mrs. Firman did not tell me the truth—I did not know whom to believe; they assured me that Mrs. Firman was a liar—after seeing her I still felt a doubt whether the houses belonged to her or not—I don't remember the date I first went to the Police-court and made a criminal charge—warrants were granted for the arrest of Francis and Rowell, and a sum
<lb/>mons against Jones; I knew that Jones was a solicitor—I did not find out that he was well connected; he told me himself that he was well connected—he said, "Will you release me for £1,000?"—he offered me £1,000—I said, "How can you get?"—he said, 'I can get it; I have rich relations, an uncle"—he said they were not business people; I think he told me the name was Hooper—that was before I went to the Police-court—I know Harold Cox, a relation of Bentley's; he introduced me to Bentley originally—I did not meet him and discuss this matter with him, never—he came to me—I don't remember telling him that I had been swindled by Francis and Rowell—I did not say, "But I shall get my money out of Jones all right; lawyers can always find money "; it is a perfect lie—on the day Francis and Rowell were arrested Cox did not call on me; I swear that—he called on me at twelve o'clock at night, on the Saturday, the day they were arrested—I did not say that before, because you asked me about the day; it was twelve o'clock at night; he did call on me that night—I don't remember his asking me if Jones had been arrested; he said nothing about Jones—I think all he asked me was, "I want to see my uncle"—Bentley is his uncle; he did not ask if Jones had been arrested; I did not say, "No"—he did not say, "Why not?" nor did I say, Don't you think that was clever of me?"I am certain of that—he did not say, "If Jones is not arrested he will go round and get the money"—he did not know anything about the money—do you think I would speak to him about my business, a boy?—I only talked with him in the passage about a moment, or two or three—I did not discuss the business with him; he only said, "I want to see my uncle; has he not been to you?" and I said, "No"—I did not tell him a few days after that I should require him as a witness—he did not say that he knew nothing, and could not help me; he said the other thing altogether; he said he had been to a lot of money-lenders to find him; that he had put his foot in it—I don't remember seeing him again a few days afterwards—I did not ask him if he knew about Jones's business, and if he thought I should get the money—he did not say that he understood Jones was a gentleman, and well connected—Arthur Newton and Co. were my solici
<lb/>tors, and acted for me in this prosecution—I did not instruct them to do anything—I merely showed them the papers, and left them to do the best they could—in my opinion, there were eight people mixed up in this prosecution—I did not want to be cheated—I have lost a lot of money</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160029"/>
<p>through people taking advantage of me—I have lost a half of my capital—I don't know that Newton wrote to Jones before criminal proceedings were instituted—I don't know at all what they have done, I have no idea—I am not aware that Jones called on them at their office in answer to their letter—I know they reported to me that Francis had been to the office; I don't know about Jones—I remember the notice of charge of April 15th, which Jones wrote out, and I signed—I think I told him what to put down.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I was naturalised this year—I was examined at the Police-court, I should think, three, four, or five times—I look at docu
<lb/>ments 14 and 17—I see some words written in the first line of 14—they are in the same handwriting as the body of the document—I also look at 17, and I say that the writing at the end is the same handwriting as the body—the draft settlement of March 18th was shown to me—I got it from Jones, much after the first advance of April; I do not know when, it might be after the first, second, or third advance; I got it at my office; he came there with it—I told him I had become anxious, because I quite understood that the settlement was already resisted; but he said it was not, it was an equitable settlement—I said, "Mr. Jones, there are so many excuses; is there not something wrong?"—he said, "I will give you a writing," "and he wrote this bit in the fold of the document: "A fair copy draft, signed by Mrs. Firman, in the presence of the witness, this 18th Marsh, 1896.—Signed,
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. G. JONES</hi>"—at the time he wrote those words I had made some advances to Francis and Rowell.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I was pressing for the original deed, and he brought that, and wrote that in the paper—I went to Arthur Newton and Co., and from that time I did not interfere in the matter—I did not make a specific suggestion that a summons should be taken against Jones, and a warrant against the other two—the summons was returnable on the 25th, and on the week after I went to the Police-court—I did not know he was an undischarged bankrupt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. At the Police-court I said that I had not at any time telegraphed to Jones; I think afterwards I remembered that I did—I did not send it; I think Bentley sent it on his own account; he must have signed my name; I am sure I did not sign it—I employed Bentley in my business—I don't write English—I am not aware that I addressed him as "Jones, care of Munk and Co., Broad Street"—some
<lb/>times my clerk does not ask me how to write.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-118" type="surname" value="WINTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-118" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WINTERS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Mr. Honour, of 131, Jermyn Street—in April last I got instructions from him, and went to Munk and Co., of Broad Street—I there saw Mr. Jones—Mr. Bentley was with me—we had some conversation with Jones about the two houses, 76 and 78, Brewery Road—he gave answers on the subject to the effect that they were freehold houses, the property of Mrs. Louisa Firman, that Munk and Co. were solicitors in the matter, and were raising a large loan of £2,000 on the houses, which they hoped to carry through in about a month—they were getting it from three parties—I made notes of what he said—I then went back, and had a conversation with Mr. Honour—on April 21st I saw Jones again, and then returned to Mr. Honour with these charges—one was the endorsement on the second charge—on August 1st I went to the bank with Mrs. Rowell; she had a cheque for £140—she cashed that cheque, and he received the money and paid for the bills, and took away</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160030"/>
<p>the balance—Francis and Rowell always said that Jones was their solicitor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. I am called Milton, but my name, Winters, is well known in the profession—I first went to Jones's office on April 14th; Bentley went with me—before we went there Bentley told me it was good business; he represented the case; he did not tell me the particulars; he told me the outline—we trust to a firm of solicitors; we don't compare solicitors to agents—when I first went to Jones I asked him if he had the papers, and he said they were in the hands of Mrs. Firman; he had not got them—I think I first went to make inquiries of Mrs. Firman about August 28th—I saw her in company of Mr. Honour; I had never been to her before I had been to the neighbourhood and made inquiries—I was not perfectly satisfied that she was not the owner of the houses; I was very nearly so, but not altogether—I went on the Sunday, with Mr. Honour; I heard what she said—I was satisfied then that she was not the owner—I saw Bentley after that, very often—I saw him in the street yesterday—he never told me how he came to know Francis; I did not inquire into that at all; I left it to Mr. Honour—I simply went to make inquiry; I saw two clerks there when I first went to the office; they were not in the same office with Mr. Jones—I took down the answers Mr. Jones gave.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. Mr. Jones's office was partitioned off from the clerks; a door led into it—the clerks were in and out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HOXOUR</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-called</hi>) I think Mr. Bentley sent the telegram; it was signed in my name—this is the telegram: "Jones, care of Monk and Co, Kindly coin up, am waiting to see you—important."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-119" type="surname" value="FIRMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-119" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH FIRMAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 76, Brewery Koad, Eolloway; I am a widow—my husband died on 30th of March last—I shall be sixty-nine next birthday—I think my husband died about the end of March; I can't recollect the day exactly, it was on a Sunday—I have lived at 76, Brewery Boad, sixteen years—I paid £40 a year, and rates and taxes; I paid £3 6s. 8d. a month—I let lodgings—I had nothing to do with No. 78; I never lived there, or had anything to do with it—Mrs. Rowell is my niece—my maiden name was Martin—she has an uncle named Daniel Smith; he is a gardener, I think; I don't know much of him—I did not know that she had an uncle, Smith, who had been a publican, and a wealthy man—I know Francis; I had seen him about twice; that was just after my husband died—he called at my place one morning; Catherine came in first, and he after; I did not know Jones; to my knowledge, I had never seen him till I saw him at the Police-court—about a week after my husband's death Rowell called on me—she said, "How do you do, aunt?"—I said, "How do you do?"—I told her my husband was dead; she remained a little while, very comfortable—she came again in about a week, and said, would I be answerable for her little girl going to school?—she was very good, and I said I would—she said, would I sign a paper for her to go to school?—I said, "Yes"—I signed a piece of paper; it was a paper of the ordinary colour; I am not sure, I never looked particularly, I did not read it—I did not afterwards sign anything else—I signed a little piece with my name only; no others, to my knowledge—she came to see me afterwards, and I signed another little piece—I said, "Have you got another piece?"—she said, "Yes," and I signed, but</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160031"/>
<p>I don't remember signing two or three pieces—I remember one occasion when Mrs. Tucker was there at dinner time—I think she saw me sign a paper—I never on any occasion knew what was in the document that I was signing—I was not the freeholder of 76 or 78—I had nothing to do with them—I did not know who was the freeholder—I paid rent to Mr. Brett, the lawyer's agent; he is here—I had no knowledge in April, May or June this year, that I was dealing with the freehold of those two premises—I had never said anything to Rowell or Francis about settling that property on Rowell—I never appointed Francis as my trustee—so far as I know, there are no honest papers relating to that property bearing my name—the signature to the first of these papers is not my writing; I never done that—this (No. 1) looks like mine, but I don't think it is; it is witnessed, "Mrs. Catherine Rowell"; I don't know whose writing that is—the signature, Louisa Firman, on this (No. 2) does not look like my writing—at the bottom I see the signature, "G" Herbert Francis—I never saw that before; I never remember signing a document when Francis was in the room—the signature to this (No. 3) is not mine—I see the settle
<lb/>ment, parchment; I don't think the signature to that is mine; it seems to be something like it; it is not mine—I see Mrs. Tucker's name as a wit
<lb/>ness to the signature, but I never wrote it; there was a little piece of newspaper laid on the paper on my table when I wrote; I was having my dinner at the time—I never saw any sealing-wax on the paper that I wrote—I never wrote the signature on this paper (
<hi rend="italic">No.</hi> 5,
<hi rend="italic">the mortgage</hi>)—I am sure of that; it has some red sealing-wax to it; I don't recognise that; I see that Mrs. Tucker has signed it as a witness—Mrs. Tucker came to me about two or three times, I think—(
<hi rend="italic">looking at No.</hi> 6) I never signed that—I don't know whose writing this letter is; I don't know the handwriting—I have had black-edged paper like this in the house—none of the papers shown me were written by me—I cannot identify or describe the piece of paper upon which I wrote my name; there was a piece of newspaper laid over it, and I only saw the edge of that where I wrote—I remember Mr. Honour coming to see me once, on a Sunday—I only asked him what he said, because I did not understand him—I never gave Mr. Jones in
<lb/>structions to prepare my will; I never saw him in my life, to my know
<lb/>ledge—this paper (No. 18) I cannot read; I never heard it read—I never had property of this description.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have some nieces besides Rowell, some brother's children somewhere; one is grown up, my brother's daughter Charlotte, but I never see him—I was on affectionate terms with Mrs. Rowell—she came to see me at times—the house I lived in was a ten-roomed house; I let some of it; Mrs. Rowell was aware of that; she is a widow, and has four children—I never promised that I would do various things to help her; I wanted somebody to help me—I never told her that after my death I would provide for her, because I had not much—I never told her that I would do something to improve her position—she came to visit me of her own accord—she did not come very often till very lately—she came several times in the week after my husband died—she had conversation with me as to how I was left after my husband died; she knew I had not got any thing—J was expecting to have an allowance from the parish; I am as poor as that—I don't know exactly the colour of the paper I signed for her—I did it in kindness for her child, to go to school; I did</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160032"/>
<p>not think it was to help the mother—I never had the curiosity to read it—I don't know how many papers I signed; I signed my name about three times, I think—the second time she came I said, "Have you got anymore papers?"—she said, "You may have to sign some more, but the more names you put down the sooner she will get to the school"—Mrs. Tucker was present the first time I signed a paper, and she wrote a letter, but I don't know what was in it, more than the dead—I did not put my name to that letter; she said she wrote a letter to Mr. Francis, begging him to keep one of the little girls—I can't tell whether that letter was written on black-edged paper; it was written on my table; it was thanking Mr. Francis for taking care of the little girl—I kept one little girl to help me—I did not sign that letter—I think Mrs. Tucker was present once after
<lb/>wards when I signed a paper—I don't know whether she signed them or not; she signed her own name—I never saw her write any other letters; no one else wrote a letter, and asked me to sign it; I am sure of that—I don't know who placed the deed of July 3rd on the table—I don't know which paper it was that had the piece of newspaper put on it—I think altogether I signed two papers—I don't remember Mrs. Tucker bringing more than two—when Mr. Honour came to see me I did not have any long conversation, with him; I was asleep; he spoke to me, and I did not understand what he said—he did not ask me for any information with regard to my niece—he said, "Do you know anything about this paper?" and I said, "No"—he said something more, I don't know what; another gentleman was with him, Mr. Winters—he said, "Don't talk to her too fast, because she is rather
<hi rend="italic">eldish,</hi>" and then he went to the door, and did not come buck—I don't recollect anything more that was said—I was afterwards asked to attend at Mr. Newton's office; I told them all I knew about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. I do not remember how many persona came to see me about this; my memory is rather bad—I do not recollect as well now as I did before the Magistrate; I have had a deal of misery—I remember being at the Police-court—when Mr. Honour came to see me, I was frightened; and did not know what to say; I was excited; I had been to sleep, and just woke up—I did not think I was going to be put out of my house—I never gave it a thought; I had paid my rent—I did not know what these people were coming about; I had never seen a deed—I do not know what a deed is.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I never saw anybody who represented himself as a solicitor to me in this matter: I never had a solicitor in my life—I never saw Jones at my house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-120" type="surname" value="TUCKER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-120" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH TUCKER</persName> </hi>. I live at 29, Forest Road, Dalston—I became acquainted with Mrs. Rowell more than a year ago—in the spring of the year she called on me (she had been calling regularly before that, I had been doing needlework for her), and wanted me to go with her to her aunt, whom I did not know before—I went with her to Mrs. Firman, 76, Brewery Road—we got there after the aunt's dinner—Rowell said she wanted to get her little daughter Amy into a school, and asked her aunt to put her name to a rather long paper, telling her she was getting names to get the little girl into the school—her aunt was very pleased, and put her signature to the paper—the paper was not read to Mrs. Firman—on another occasion I went there, and Mrs. Firman signed the same paper,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160033"/>
<p>I think, or a paper relating to the same matter, in my presence—I saw Mrs. Firman write this signature to this settlement of July 3rd, and I put my signature as a witness—Rowell said it was a paper that had some
<lb/>thing to do with the school; I think this is the paper I saw; it was folded in a different form—I also saw Mrs. Firman sign this document, and I witnessed it—I wrote this letter on black-edged paper, which Mrs. Firman signed—Rowell dictated it to me—she can write; I do not know why she dictated it to me—I wrote it in Mrs. Firman's room—I do not know that she was present—I did not see it after I had written it—Rowell took it; I don't know where to—I don't think I saw Mrs. Firman sign it. (
<hi rend="italic">This was the letter</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">No.</hi> 6),
<hi rend="italic">of June</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th, which had previously been read.</hi>) I think Rowell read that to me from a letter—she thought I could write or copy it better than she could—she gave me no reason for my writing it, and not she—I afterwards went to Honour's office, 131, Jermyn Street, with Rowell—she had to go there on business, and I was out with her—they spoke of business matters there—I took no part in it—I did not see my signature to certain documents there—I was asked if Mrs. Firman had signed, and I said I had seen her sign.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OVEREND</hi>. I think I went twice to Mrs. Firman's; on the first occasion I signed some documents—I did not particularly notice if the paper signed by Mrs. Firman, or any part of it, was covered over—there was no concealment—I did not notice if the document on the second occasion was covered over in any way—I should not have thought there was any concealment—I think I could have read it if I had wanted, but I did not—I was in the room with Mrs. Firman on the second occasion, the whole of the time Rowell was there; I did not leave it—if any other paper had been signed I must have noticed it—Mrs. Boyce was not present when I wrote this letter—Mrs. Firman was not present when Rowell dictated it to me—I think it was dictated at Rowell's house—I saw Mrs. Firman sign it, at her own house, weeks after, I think—I do not think there was a bit of newspaper over all the letter, except where she signed—I think it was a considerable period after I wrote the letter that Mrs. Firman signed it—I don't know in whose possession it remained after I wrote it—Rowell did not ask me to go to Mrs. Firman for the purpose of Mrs. Firman signing the letter; I was at Rowell's, and she called on her aunt, and we both went in—Rowell wanted her to sign her name to a letter; I did not take notice what it was for, but something was said about Mr. Francis; she said, "I want you just to sign your name to this letter"—I don't think Francis's name was mentioned in connection with the letter.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. I have known Rowell more than two years, and Francis not a year, I think—I did not see Francis at Mrs. firman's, or in connection with this matter at all, only Rowell—I don't know if the letter from which I copied this one of June 27th was in Rowell's writing; she had it in her hand—I did not notice it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I wrote as she dictated; I don't think I knew her, writing before this, not till afterwards—I received letters from her—I had no difficulty in reading her letters when I got them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I saw Rowell ask Mrs. Firman to sign two papers and the letter altogether—the second one was doubled up small when she and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160034"/>
<p>I signed it; there was just space for her and me to put our names—I had no idea what I was signing, but I heard her on both occasions tell Mrs. Firman it was something to do with getting the girl into a school.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. I did not know Jones before this trial—I attended at his office with Rowell one afternoon, when I was out with her—I could not say when, or whether it was before or after I wrote this letter at dictation—I think it was before she had those papers—I don't know if I told Jones, in Rowell's presence, that I had seen Mrs. Firman sign these documents—I only went there to wait while Rowell went in to transact some business; it may have been afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Very likely I did say before Jones that I saw Mrs. Firman sign these papers; but it must have been afterwards—I was asked if I had seen Mrs. Firman sign something, and I said, "Yes," and I had.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, November 19th.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-121" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-121" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BARRETT</persName> </hi>. I am a house agent, at 54, Southwark Bridge Road—I know Mrs. Firman, of 76, Brewery Road, Holloway—I act for the freeholder, and collect her rent of £3 6s. 8d. per month—her husband was a tenant till March this year, and she took on the tenancy at his death—the freeholder is the Corporation of London—there is no pretence for saying that she is the freeholder, or that her husband ever was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-122" type="surname" value="WOOLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-122" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WOOLETT</persName> </hi>. I am an estate agent, at 58, Cloudesley Road, Barnsbury—I collect the rent of 78, Brewery Road, for the freeholders, the Corporation of London—the lessee is Mr. Brinsmead—Mrs. Firman had had no interest in it since 1882, to my knowledge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-123" type="surname" value="WILDASH"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-123" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>FREDERICK CHARLES WILDASH</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor in the Comptroller's Department of the Corporation of London—the Corporation is the free
<lb/>holder of 76 and 78, Brewery Road, and the deeds are in the Comptroller's possession—the Corporation cannot sell without the authority of an Act of Parliament—the lessee is Henry Wallis.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-124" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-124" type="given" value="ROBERT PETER"/>ROBERT PETER PARKER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Sun Life Office, 63, Threadneedle Street—that office never tendered to Munk and Co. in respect of any advance on 76 or 78, Brewery Road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. I am on the actuarial staff—any loan would come under my notice when it had been entertained—any loan that is definitely offered is entered in a register whether it is entertained or not—it is definitely offered if we have proper particulars—we should not enter it till we had particulars.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> If it had got as far as our tendering for the property the particulars would appear in the register.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. If a firm of solicitors wrote and asked us to advance money on freehold property a record would be kept.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-125" type="surname" value="MUNK"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-125" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM MUNK</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, practising at Broad Street House—Jones is an old schoolfellow of mine—he is not a partner in my business—it was arranged that he should have a seat in my office with a view of his renewing his certificate—he had an interest in my business to this extent, that he or his friends had provided certain funds to cover the expenses when I moved into Broad Street House, and when he got his certificate it was arranged that he should have an interest in the business—he had no interest as a partner—letters relating to matters of mine which he was personally attending to in the office he could sign Munk and Co., but he was not entitled to sign Munk and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160035"/>
<p>Co. on his own account—I was not aware that he was signing Monk and Co. in matters of his own—I had no business with Francis or Rowell—I cannot find in my office any press copies of any letter from my firm, or any record in my books of costs paid to my firm by Honour—I have no record of any transaction with Honour at all, except an entry of writing to him for payment; but that is not in this matter—the bodies of these letters (Nos. 1, 2 and 3) are all in Jones's writing—No. 2 is signed "G. Herbert. Francis and Louisa Firman," and No. 3 is signed by G. Herbert Francis, and witnessed by Mrs. Rowell—the signature to the settlement (No. 4) is Jones's writing—the Attestation clause, and the signature to No. 5, the mortgage, is in Jones's writing—No. 9 and 13 are in Jones's writing—in the mortgage of April 15th (No. 14) the interlineation on the first line, "By way of statutory mortgage," is in Jones's writing, and I think the "As beneficial owner, "I am not quite certain—I think the handwriting of the body of the document if my clerk, McNiar's; it has his initials—the foot-note to the letter of April 15th (No. 16) is Jones's writing, and the signature—No. 17, the letter of April 15th and the signature to it are in Jones's writing—I think all No. 18, Mrs. Firman's will, is in the writing of a clerk—No. 20, an in
<lb/>denture by way of mortgage, is in Dolman's writing, I think—No. 21, a letter of April 21st, is something like Jones's writing, but I could not be certain about it; it is not written by anybody who had authority to sign Munk and Co.—Nos. 22, a letter of April 21st, 28, a letter of May 9th, and 35, a letter of August 1st, are in Jones's writing—No. 39, the draft assignment of the equity of redemption, is engrossed by our stationers, and not signed—Nos. 46, a letter of December 13th, 1893, and 52, a letter of May 4th, 1894, are in Jones's writing, and all the writing on this draft deed of March 18th, is Jones's writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OVEREND</hi>. I acted for Francis nearly eighteen months ago, I should think—I never acted for Rowell.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. I have known Jones all my life; we were at school together, and near neighbours—we first became associated in business about 1881, when we started in practice together as solicitors—the partnership lasted about two years-after leaving me he joined the firm of Powys and Sons, in Lincoln's Inn Fields, paying a considerable sum of money to go in—I think after that, when his father died, he came into several thousand pounds—the business of Powys and Sons ultimately became involved owing to the defalcations of Mr. Powys, I believe, and that brought Jones into the Bankruptcy Court; he very honourably paid up the defalcations of his partner—I had an office in the Haymarket previous to my present office in the City; Jones used to have his letters addressed there—he had been in an office at Adam Street, Adelphi, and when he left there his letters were addressed to the Haymarket—I took him into my office the latter part of last year; he provided £300 towards the expenses of the new office—as soon as he had renewed his certificate it was contemplated that he should have a share of my business and profits on payment of a further sum—certificates have to be renewed in November—it was undoubtedly under
<lb/>stood that he contemplated renewing his certificate this November—his last certificate lapsed in 1893, I think; he suffered from very bad health after his bankruptcy—I think he was getting his previous clients together</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160036"/>
<p>again—when you have let your certificate lapse you must get a certificate from a practising solicitor before you can renew it, and he was going to get one from me—besides him I had two clerks, McNair and Dolman; they had authority to sign letters in the name of Munk and Co., connected with business in the office—for some time after taking the office in the City I kept on that in the Haymarket, and then I had notice to treat from a railway; I was at my office in the City every day—McNair and Dolman, have occasionally signed "Munk and Co." without adding "p.p.," and their initials, though, as a rule, they add them; it was generally unim
<lb/>portant letters they so wrote—I had not done business for Honour prior to April 15th, but since then there are two entries of instructions to sue people—Jones gave me the particulars, and letters for payment were written—I knew something was going on in the office in connection with Francis and Rowell—very probably their names are entered in the call-book—the initials of the person who saw them would be put against them—I have no doubt their names are entered, and I presume Honour's also—I only saw him in my office once, Jones introduced him, and I shook hands, in a casual way as I passed out—I am not sure if at the time we had had instructions—I did not know at the time that he was a money lender, not for ft long time afterwards—I knew it before this prosecution started—I heard Honour swear yesterday that this document was written out by Jones in his presence—I have no doubt it is in McNair's writing—it is signed by McNair as attesting witness, and it is quite obvious that that signature is in the same writing as the body of the document—there are two interlineations in Jones's writing; they are formal amendments, such as a lawyer might put in correcting the clerk—this purports to be a flimsy copy of a letter of July 9th, 1896, from Jones, not in his writing, I think; the signature is his—it is addressed to G. H. Francis.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Jones's bankruptcy must have been about 1892, three or four years ago. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">read letters Nos.</hi> 1, 2
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> 3.
<hi rend="italic">No.</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">was dated July</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1896,
<hi rend="italic">and was addressed to Honour, and signed by Louisa Firman, and stated that with reference to the mortgage deed of the same date, in connection with</hi> 76
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> 78,
<hi rend="italic">Brewery Road, upon which he had advanced Mrs. Rowell</hi> £1,400,
<hi rend="italic">the freehold houses in question, which she had settled upon Mrs. Rowell, were unencumbered and were of the rental value of</hi> £60,
<hi rend="italic">and the deeds were in her own possession or control, and that she was lawfully entitled to them. No.</hi> 2,
<hi rend="italic">signed</hi> "
<hi rend="italic">Louisa Firman and G. Herbert Francis," and addressed to Rowell, agreed to Rowell paying off Honour the sums owing by her and Francis out of the moneys now about to be advanced by Honour to them under the mortgage deed of July</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1896,
<hi rend="italic">the balance to be re
<lb/>tained by her for her own use and benefit. No.</hi> 3,
<hi rend="italic">dated July</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1896,
<hi rend="italic">signed "Louisa Firman and G. Herbert Francis" and addressed to Honour, authorised him to hand to Rowell the amount agreed to be advanced under the mortgage deed. The signatures to these three letters purported to be witnessed by Rowell.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-126" type="surname" value="WISDOM"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-126" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT WISDOM</persName> </hi>. I am secretary of a club at 4, Park Place, St. James's—Francis was a member up to August 21st, 1895—since then he had has no connection with the club, and no right to use its note-paper—this is some of our note-paper—the club occupies the whole house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OVEREND</hi>. It would be irregular for strangers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160037"/>
<p>introduced by members to use our writing-paper, but I suppose it is done occasionally.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-127" type="surname" value="BUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-127" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BUTTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 47, Stamford Road, and am clerk to a builder—I am the leaseholder of 26, Glaze more Road—Francis and Rowell lived in that house as tenants at £33 a year from March, 1895—I knew them as Mr. and Mrs. Francis—this agreement for tenancy is signed by G. Herbert Francis and Catherine Francis—prior to letting the house I asked for references, and I got this memorandum from Francis, with the names of W. G. Jones, 29, Poplar Grove, West Kensington, and another person—I wrote to the references and received this letter (No. 9) in answer, from Jones. (
<hi rend="italic">This letter, dated February</hi>, 1895,
<hi rend="italic">testified to Francis's thorough respectability and responsibility for the rent named, and stated that he was engaged in business in the City, and, it was believed, made a fair income, besides having good prospects; that his father was a gentleman of some position in India, and that he should not hesitate to accept Francis as a tenant.</hi>) They left the house about the end of Janu
<lb/>ary this year—about £11 was owing—I put the brokers in; there was nothing to realise on, as there was very little there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. I wrote to Mr. Thompson, the second reference, and received a satisfactory reply—Francis, at the time, gave me as his business address, Fore Street, in the City—he said he was a com
<lb/>mission agent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-128" type="surname" value="PILGRIM"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-128" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK PILGRIM</persName> </hi>. I am messenger at the Incorporated Law Society—this book is the roll of registered solicitors who have taken out their certi
<lb/>ficates—the name of Walter Gerard George Jones appears here as having been admitted in November, 1878, as a solicitor, and as having taken out his certificate down to 1891—the minimum age of a solicitor is twenty
<lb/>one—his last certificate expired on November 15th, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. He is still a solicitor upon the roll, but he has no certificate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-129" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM EVANS</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor, of 13
<hi rend="smallCaps">A</hi>, George Street, Hanover Square—in September, 1893, Jones, whom I knew as a customer, called with Francis, and Francis gave me an order for about £30 worth of clothes—I was not paid—Jones said Francis was a man with great expectations—Jones paid me fairly punctually.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. Jones has continued my customer practically up to to-day—he only owes me about £6 now; I should be glad if all my customers were as good.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-130" type="surname" value="BAINES"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-130" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>SARAH ANN BAINES</persName> </hi>. I live at 47, Doughty Street—my husband is a messenger—in 1893 and 1894 I kept a lodging-house at Charles Street, St. James's—I knew all the defendants—they did not lodge with me—I have seen Francis with Jones, and I have seen them separately—they were introduced to me by a gentleman who was a lodger of mine—Francis gave me these cheques (Nos. 47 to 50), and I gave him cash in exchange for the amount of the cheques—I passed them through my bank; they were not met—I spoke to Francis many times about them, and eventually I got this letter from him (No. 51). (
<hi rend="italic">This, dated April</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894,
<hi rend="italic">and addressed to Jones, authorised him to pay Mr. Baines £25 on account of money received on his</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Francis's</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">account.</hi>) I took that to Munk's office—I asked Jones about it when he came to 16, Charles Street—he gave me this document (No. 52). (
<hi rend="italic">This, dated May</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894,
<hi rend="italic">stated that Francis's order</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160038"/>
<hi rend="italic">upon Jones to pay her</hi> £25
<hi rend="italic">on Francis's behalf, and out of moneys coming to Francis was in order, and that he would communicate with her further on the matter in tin course of the next week.</hi>) I did not receive any such communication, or any part of the £25—I saw Jones and Francis after that—Jones said they were having money, and that I should be paid—Francis said he was having money paid into his bank, and that I should be paid—I got none of it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OVEREND</hi>. I do not bet—Francis put 10s. on one horse at his own wish—that was the only one—I remember his back
<lb/>ing it—it won.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-131" type="surname" value="POSNER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-131" type="given" value="ANGEL"/>ANGEL POSNER</persName> </hi>. I am a dealer in jewellery at 39, Russell Street, Covent Garden—in October, 1893, I saw Francis, who said his father was travelling with the Prince of Wales, and had an estate in India, and that he was coming into a great deal of money, and would I let him have some jewellery—he got from me two rings and a pin, value £40—I asked for payment, and Francis asked me to come to Jones, and Jones would sign the bill, or put his name to it, and the money would be right when it became due—I went to Jones with Francis—I got this promis
<lb/>sory note (No. 43), dated October 2nd, 1893, "Fourteen days after date: I promise to pay Mr. A. Posner the sum of £50 for value received, G. Herbert Francis," payable at 18, Adam Street, Adelphi, endorsed by Gerard Jones, A. Posner, p. A. Harris—a noting slip is attached "Prin
<lb/>cipal £50, noting n/p 2s. 6d., £50 2s. 6d. Not within no orders"—18, Adam Street, Adelphi, was where Jones' office was then, and that was where I took it to—after the bill was dishonoured I saw Jones and Francis many times—I said to Francis, "Am I to lose that money?"—he said, "No; you will be paid"—so it went on for a month—Jones, said he had lost a great deal of money with Francis—I wanted Jones to pay the bill; he said he had not got the money, but when Francis had the money he would pay me the bill—I got no part of my money back.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OVEREND</hi>.£50 was owing—I did not know Bennett—he never acted as my solicitor—I am not aware that Francis had paid him money on my account.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. I passed on the promissory note to Harris, who went to Parrett to recover the money, and he did not get any because I did not get any—I do not know what became of Parrett—I had to refund the money and take the bill back—I paid the bill to Harris, and he discounted it for me, and when it became due it was protested and came back, and Harris took proceedings against Jones—Jones told me he had paid money to Parrett on account of this bill—he did not tell me that Parrett had absconded; I did not know it till I saw in the paper years after that Parrett had been struck off the Rolls—they told me all kinds of stories; one told me they had paid £20, another told me £15—I never saw this receipt for £5 before; I have asked Jones to bring receipts if he had any, but I never saw them; this £5 may have been for expenses; I have not received anything.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-132" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-132" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GILBERT</persName> </hi>. I am a money lencler, of 105,. Great Portland Street—in December, 1893, Francis and Jones called on me—Francis represented that he was entitled to some money under a will or reversion, a will I be
<lb/>lieve, and asked me to lend him some money—Jones, who was his solici
<lb/>tor, corroborated that, and I lent £200 on Jones's representation—this</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160039"/>
<p>joint promissory note was given by Francis and Wells, who was also present; Wells was at that time an undischarged bankrupt—Francis also gave this charge, dated December 11th, 1893 (No. 44). (
<hi rend="italic">This document was made between Francis and John Gilbert, and witnessed that whereas Francis was entitled to a reversion of</hi> £1,000
<hi rend="italic">per annum, under a settlement made by Robert Nisbett, on the death of Francis's father, and whereas Francis was endeavouring to raise</hi> £5,000
<hi rend="italic">on the security of the same through Jones, in consideration of John Gilbert dis
<lb/>counting a bill for</hi> £250
<hi rend="italic">due February</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894,
<hi rend="italic">Francis charged the reversion in favour of John Gilbert to the extent of</hi> £250,
<hi rend="italic">and authorised Jones to pay John Gilbert</hi> £250
<hi rend="italic">out of any moneys to be advanced to him upon the reversion.</hi>) I received this letter from Jones. (
<hi rend="italic">This, dated from</hi> 18,
<hi rend="italic">Adam Street, December</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893,
<hi rend="italic">acknowledged the receipt of notice that Francis had charged his reversion to the extent of</hi> £250,
<hi rend="italic">and undertook to repay that amount out of the first moneys raised on the same security.</hi>) None of the money has ever been repaid—I have seen both Jones and Francis since—I saw Francis once at Charing Cross Station, and I believe I asked him why the money had not been paid—I really do not remember what he said, it was three years ago—I saw Jones at his office, Adam Street, and asked him why the money had not been paid; he said there was delay, and that it would be paid—I went to him several times, but on subsequent occasions he was not there, he had disappeared from Adam Street altogether—I endeavoured to find out where Jones and Francis were, but I could not find either of them—I came to the conclusion I had been swindled.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OVERTON</hi>. I was not aware, when I advanced the money, that it was for the benefit of Wells, and not of Francis.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. I have previously lent money on a reversion; in the ordinary course I generally take a charge on the rever
<lb/>sion first—I frequently draw that charge myself; occasionally I got a solicitor to draw it—I understood that Jones was acting for Francis; I understood from Jones that he was trying to raise money for Francis on this reversion—I do not take a statement from a borrower in order to be able to prosecute him if it turns out to be untrue; it is to show the position he is in, and bring it to his notice—he can infer, if he likes, that if it is untrue I can prosecute him—I believe the indenture is in the ordinary form given in such cases, where the solicitor is understood to be trying to raise money on a reversion; it is very much like the same form as I use in other cases—it in not word for word the same in every case.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It was drawn up in my office; I don't think Jones was there when it was drawn up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-133" type="surname" value="ARROW"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-133" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ARROW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector C</hi>). I received warrants in this case on September 18th, the day on which information was laid before the Magis
<lb/>trate, and Mr. Arthur Newton applied for process on behalf of Mr. Honour, and asked for warrants for the arrest of the three prisoners—the Magistrate suggested that a summons should be granted against Jones—the summons was issued immediately the warrants were executed, and served at once, and then Francis and Bowell were remanded to the return day of the summons—on the morning of September 19th I went to 11, Albert Road, Ilford—Rowell opened the door—Francis was in the house with her—when they were together I told them I was a police-officer, and held warrants for their arrest—I first read the warrant to Francis,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160040"/>
<p>and he said, "I saw Honour last night, and he promised that he would give me till Monday"—I then read the other warrant to Rowell; she made no answer—I searched their premises, and then conveyed them to Vine Street Police-station—they were charged—they made no reply—I found at 11, Albert Road a number of bills and papers, some of which have been produced—I caused the summons to be served on Jones—the case was remanded in the ordinary course till the committal for trial.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-134" type="surname" value="POSNER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-134" type="given" value="ANGEL"/>ANGEL POSNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>.) This document is dated November 24th, 1893, and is a receipt for £5 paid by Jones on behalf of Francis; and this appears to be another receipt for £5 paid by Jones.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-135" type="surname" value="TUCKER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-135" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH TUCKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>). I think I only went once to Jones's office with Rowell—I think I told Jones that I had seen Mrs. Firman sign a document—I could not remember what document it was—I saw her sign two; whether this settlement was one I could not say—this is my signature, as a witness—I saw Mrs. Firman sign it—I could not say if this was shown to me in Jones's office; it is like it—I cannot say if I told Jones I had seen her sign two—it was one or the other I spoke to Jones about; it may have been both.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I don't remember the dates—I went to Honour's office with Rowell—the only time I saw Jones at his office was when I went with Rowell; nothing took place in reference to deeds on that occasion—I told him that I had seen Mrs. Firman sign one of these documents; I have no doubt about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The following witnesses were called on behalf of Jones</hi>;—</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-136" type="surname" value="MCNAIR"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-136" type="given" value="RONALD"/>RONALD MCNAIR</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Messrs. Munk and Co., 6, Broad Street House—on April 15th Francis and Rowell came, and Bentley fol
<lb/>lowed shortly after, and then Honour came—I showed Honour into the room, and remained there for a few minutes—Honour said, "Is this Mr. Jones?" and one of them, I think Bentley, said, "Yes"—Honour asked Jones to draw up a mortgage of Mrs. Rowell's interest, under the settle
<lb/>ment made on her by Mrs. Firman—Jones said, "The settlement is only in draft; you ought to be properly represented by a solicitor; I would prefer that it should be so"—Honour said, "I can take care of myself"—I left the room—Mr. Jones afterwards rung for me; I answered him by the telephone which runs from the private room to the clerk's office in which I was—he called me, and I went into the private room—Jones said to mo, "Mr. Honour wants to draw up his own mortgage; I have protested against the business being done in this irregular manner, and I wish you to bear witness to it"—Honour said to Jones, "You write; I will dictate to you"—Jones said, "As you are in a hurry will not it save time if the clerk takes it down in shorthand?"—Honour assented, and he dictated the charge of April 15th to me, and I took it "down in shorthand—when Honour was about half-way through it Jones said, "This is being done in a most irregular manner, and I won't be responsible for it," and, turning to me, he said, "I wish you to remember it later"—Honour said, "Allow me, Mr. Jones," as if he did not want to be interfered with; he said, "I always do them like this," and he finished dictating it then—I read it over to Honour from my short-hand note—he said he was satisfied, and then I was told to write it out—I went into the next room and did so; this is the transcript of my notes (No. 14)—the body of it is in my writing—Rowell signed it in my presence, and I attested it—the two interlineations are in Jones's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160041"/>
<p>writing—after I had witnessed it, Honour said, "I should like to give you something for your trouble, Mr. Jones," and he put £1 1s. on the table—Jones said, "Anything I expect to get I must get from Mrs. Rowell"—Honour pressed it on him—I saw Jones write—I do not know whether it was a receipt or not—Honour repeated that he wished Jones to have something for his trouble—after that day Francis and Rowell called several times at our office and saw Jones—I have heard them more than once promise to bring the deeds to Jones, in reply to his asking them to do so—Rowell has said, "We cannot let you have them just yet"—I have heard him ask more than once for them—I have heard Rowell say that, owing to Mrs. Firman's age and infirmity, it was difficult to get her to attend to business, and that was why they could not get the deeds—Jones said on one occasion that if he did not get them he should go to Mrs. Firman himself—Rowell said that would be no good; that Mrs. Firman never did anything without her—the interviews were friendly; they seemed civil to each other—I heard high words one morning between Jones and Francis; I could not distinguish the actual words—I was present on July 9th, when Honour called—he asked Jones if he had been able to get the deeds yet—Jones said, No; he had not; he had tried very hard to get them. "In fact," he said, "I have tried till I am sick of doing so "; and he said Rowell and Francis were always making excuses for not bringing them—Honour said, "I must have the deeds "; and then he suggested to Jones that he should write a letter to Francis asking for the deeds, and said, "You see, I shall consult another solicitor if they don't give up the deeds, if they don't produce them to me"—Jones then dictated to me a letter which I took down in shorthand and transcribed—Honour suggested what Jones should say—Jones signed it—this is a copy of the letter—I should say the letter was posted in the ordinary course in the office. (
<hi rend="italic">Francis here stated that he had received the letter.</hi>) The letter was copied on these loose sheets because we used sheets out of an old letter-book to save expense—we have some copy letter-books, numbered; but we nearly always take copies on loose sheets, and keep them with the papers in the matter to which they belong. (
<hi rend="italic">The letter to Francis was to the effect that Honour was extremely angry at things being allowed to dawdle on; that he must beg of Francis and Rowell to call next day, when he was instructed to register the deed of settlement, and that Francis must then explain to Honour why the deeds were not handed over at once, as, if it were not done forthwith, Honour would instruct another solicitor to enforce their immediate delivery.</hi>) I heard Rowell speak of this business in the office—from what I saw and heard of Rowell and Francis, I saw no reason to suspect that the business was not genuine—in the mortgage deed of July 31st there is an interlineation in Jones's writing—Mrs. Firman undertakes, in this deed, to produce the title-deeds within fourteen days, and Jones had inserted a clause providing that the trustee, Francis, shall be responsible for the production of the title-deeds—I have seen Rowell sign her name, and I know her writing—I should say this letter of March 18th, to Jones, is in her writing, and also this ad
<lb/>dressed to Munk and Co. (
<hi rend="italic">The letter of January</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894,
<hi rend="italic">stated that she would be in a position to let Francis have</hi> £1,000
<hi rend="italic">within six weeks, and instructed him to protect her interests and be prepared to act for her under her uncle's settlement. The</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160042"/>
<hi rend="italic">letter of March</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th, requested him to act as her solicitor, and obtain for her a mortgage of</hi> £2,000
<hi rend="italic">on the property in Brewery Road, lately settled on her by her aunt, Mrs. Firman.</hi>) I have heard Francis and Jones speak of money alleged to be owing to Jones by Francis, and I know Francis owed Jones about £600; Jones told me—I heard Jones ask Francis to let him have some money back as soon as possible.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was at the Police-court one day when Honour was in the box—I cannot say that I heard any questions put to him about the conversation on April 15th—I first gave a proof of my evidence about three weeks ago, since the last Sessions—I made that up solely from my recollection—that was the first time I had been asked to recollect what had taken place in the preceding April—I prepared it myself, and sent it to Jones—no suggestion was made to me that I should be called at the Police-court—I had seen Francis and Rowell at the office several times before April 15th—Jones had been at the office since December—I saw Rowell once at Munk and Co.'s office in the Haymarket—all the time the Honour transaction was going on Munk and Co. were at Broad Street House—since Jones has had a seat in Munk and Co.'s office, and be
<lb/>fore April 15th, I have only seen Francis there—he came several times, shortly before April 15th—I made no notes of what took place on April 15th, when Francis, Rowell, and Bentley came—I have not kept my shorthand notes in which I took down the indenture from Honour—Jones asked me to remember the transaction, and twice protested against the irregularity of Honour's proceedings—I made no notes to assist my memory—I thought Jones objected to them coming to do it in that kind of way, Honour drawing up his own mortgage—Jones suggested to Honour that he should have a solicitor to act for him—Honour said he preferred doing it himself, and that he would do it himself; he wanted to do it his own way—while I was in the room I was looking for some papers—I could not help hearing the conversation—one thing that impressed it on me was Honour's manner of saying the words, his bad English, and Jones seemed very much upset at Honour wanting to do it himself—Jones did not proffer his services as a solicitor to Honour in my hearing—I did not see the receipt given for £1 1s.—this receipt is in Jones's writing—I don't think it can he said that Jones acted as solicitor for Honour on that occasion, although he received £1 1s. for costs—Honour pressed the £1 1s. on him, and said he wanted to give him something for his trouble—it might be called costs; it seemed to be a gift—Honour dictated this indenture to me in legal phraseology, and I took it down from him, but Jones had to help him now and then when he got mixed in his English—he only had to be helped once or twice—Jones did not dictate the document to me after Honour had said what he wanted—Jones stopped Honour, and protested it was irregular at the part where the deed speaks of consideration—I don't think the consideration is pro
<lb/>perly stated; it first speaks of £5, and then of a bill—I did not see the £5 paid; no one knows what is given for the bill—I saw Jones write something after Honour pressed a guinea on him—that might have been the receipt for the costs—I cannot say what mortgage Munk and Co. were negotiating on April 15th—I never heard of the Sun Fire Office having anything to do with this business, nor of Mr. Yansittart or Mr. Warner—I did not hear of any letters going to the Sun Fire Office or other people about this matter—I think I saw all the letters that came to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160043"/>
<p>the office; so far as I know there was no letter about a mortgage being negotiated at this time—when Honour was dictating this document to me Jones sat at the table; he had no pen or pencil, and made no notes—I never take down shorthand notes in a book; I very seldom take anything in shorthand now—it was part of my duty to tike down letters in short-hand if required; I did not keep any book for the purpose, but used slips of paper—the endorsement of this draft in the fold is in Jones's writing—I first saw this fair copy draft, signed by Mrs. Firman, about the beginning of April, in the office, among Jones's papers—generally when Mr. Munk goes out of the office he says where he is going, and so does Jones—I never heard Jones say he was going to see Mrs. Firman; I cannot say he ever told me he had seen her—it is usual for a solicitor to enter up his daily doings—we have such a book—I have not looked to see where Jones was on July 3rd, or whether he had appointments which took him away suddenly from Brewery Road—I only remember Honour coming to the office once and pressing for the deeds; that was when this letter was written—the copying-press is in the clerks' office—I never press-copied a letter to a parson who had deposited these deeds for £80 with his bank; I have no knowledge of such a letter being sent—re
<lb/>tainers are generally kept with the papers—I saw a letter from Mrs. Firman, and signed by her, on Jones's desk; in April, I should think—it was on blue paper—Jones said, "That is Mrs. Firman's retainer; put it in the drawer"—I should think it would have remained there—after Jones was summoned he continued to go to the office—he took his papers to his solicitor, I think, Mr. Abrahams, of Marlborough Street—I did not see the retainer in the office after Jones ceased to go there—the only kind of excuse I heard from Francis or Rowell for the non-production of the deeds was the age and infirmity of Mrs. Fir
<lb/>man—I went to the Middlesex Registry in respect of this matter—I registered this deed of July 16th—you have to register the title of property in Middlesex, and every mortgage and transfer, and anything affecting the title—I never went there to inquire whether Mrs. Firman was registered as the freeholder, or anything of the kind—I registered the mortgage of July 31st; I did not then search the register—the fee for searching is about 2s. 6d. or 3s.—this draft will is in my writing—Jones asked me to draw up a will of Mrs. Firman, leaving all her property to Rowell—I suppose that was on July 30th—I saw no instruc
<lb/>tions from Mrs. Firman to prepare her will—Jones was alone when he gave me those instructions—I believe he got them from Rowell; I did not hear them given, but I believe a will was executed—I believe the fair copy of a will was made from this draft by the other clerk, by Jones's instructions, I should say—I cannot say what was done with the fair copy will; I have never seen it since—I did not see it executed, or hear of its execution—my only reason for saying I believed a will was executed was that a fair copy was made—I should say the sheet on which this press-copy of the letter of July 9th was made came from a book which is at the office—the book was only partly used, and was not used in the office generally, and it had some unused leaves—these were unused sheets taken out of old letter-books, not Munk and Co.'s letter-books at all—I don't think I can produce any other flimsy copies of other letters written by Jones in reference to Francis and Rowell's transactions—I don't remember press-copying any other letter except this of July 9th—it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160044"/>
<p>did not strike me at the time as strange that letters about raising money on reversion were not copied—I was in Mr. Munk's employ, not Jones's—I knew Jones when Mr. Munk's office was in the Haymarket—I only knew Jones by sight when he had an office in Adam Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> A letter-book, in the proper sense of the word, has never been kept at Messrs. Munk and Co.'s office at Broad Street—letters have always been copied on loose sheets like these, and put with the particular papers they belong to—I have not been with other solicitors, but I have been in and out of plenty of offices, and it is a common practice to copy letters on loose sheets of flimsy—I should say it was a very convenient way—it is done at one or two places—the advantage is that if you have an action, and have to produce letters, you do not have to take the letter-books to the Court—Jones told me to register this settlement at the Middlesex Land Registry; any person going there could see it had been registered—it was equally open to Honour as to a solicitor to go and search at the Registry; anybody can go—when Honour first came into the office, on September 15th, and said he wanted a mortgage drawn up, Jones's first objection was that the settlement was only in draft—I did not hear Honour ask to see the draft, or anything more said about it—I should say a charge ought to come after the settlement had been executed properly and formally.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-137" type="surname" value="DOLMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-137" type="given" value="ARTHUR HENRY"/>ARTHUR HENRY DOLMAN</persName> </hi>. I am an admitted solicitor and clerk to Munk and Co.—I was in the office on April 15th, when Honour, Francis and Rowell came—either McNair or myself showed Honour in—the same day I saw McNair writing out a document from a shorthand note in the clerks' office while they were there—I looked over him and read it at the time, and made some observation about it—while he was writing Bentley came out once or twice and asked if it was finished—after that day I more than once saw Rowell and Francis at the office—I heard Jones ask them for deeds twice, if not three times—they said they were in Mrs. Firman's possession, and there was a trouble in getting them—Francis's, Rowell's, and Honour's names wore entered in the call-book each time they came—I knew from the conversation between Francis and Jones that Francis was indebted to Jones in a considerable sum of money; I heard them mention it once or twice—I don't know Francis's writing—since they have been at Broad Street, Munk and Co. do not keep a bound up letter-book; every letter is taken off on a separate sheet—I have been in other offices; I have not seen that done in any other office.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> All letters written in the office by Munk and Jones were taken off on sheets—copies of letters written by Jones, and signed "Munk and Co., "I would be kept in the office—I suppose Jones would have the copies of letters he wrote to Francis and Rowell; they are not in the office—I do not know anything about them—I could not say that all the letters Jones wrote were copied on these flimsies, because I may not have been in the office when he was writing some, but every letter I saw written was taken off—Jones asked me to make a fair copy of this draft, and I did so, and gave it to Jones, who took it away with him, and I did not see it again—I did not receive instructions to prepare Mrs. Firman's will; it is in my fellow clerk's writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I think Jones told me at the time that Mrs. Rowell had then him instructions to draw up Mrs. Firman's will.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160045"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-138" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-138" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-138" type="given" value="ELPHINSTONE ELMSLEY"/>ELPHINSTONE ELMSLEY HENRY</persName> </hi>. I am a commission agent and financial agent, at 14, Adam Street, Adelphi—I believe, I took that office in September, 1893—at that time Jones had a room in my office—he was engaged in various business matters connected with his bankruptcy—while he and I were at that office I was introduced to Francis by Captain King and Mr. Hudders
<lb/>field, J.P., of Persecornwall Manor, Dorsetshire—Captain King was then an overwriting agent for an insurance company, a salaried agent—I had not known Mr. Huddersfield before; he was introduced to me at the same time; he and Francis came together—Francis said he was entitled to a reversionary interest in a property called Lambdon, in Berwickshire, con
<lb/>tingent on the death of his father, I believe, and I am not sure he did not say of his mother—he said his father was in the service, in India—he said he came to me to raise money on this reversion—I sent him that day, or a little later, to Mr. Hanrot, a solicitor, of 14, Bedford Row, who is now dead—he was a money-lender—I saw Mr. Hanrot with reference to this matter—possibly Jones may have advanced money to Francis; I don't know; I think very likely he did—some time after, in 1893 or 1894, while I was still at the Adelphi office, Francis came and produced a deed: to Jones—I saw it for a few minutes. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected to the admission of evidence about a deed produced by one prisoner to another some time back. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that he should admit it.</hi>) I remember an endorsement on the deed of the name of Firman—my recollection it that it purported, to be a conveyance to Mrs. Firman of freehold property somewhere in Holloway; Brewery Road as far as I recollect—it was produced, I sup
<lb/>pose, to raise money on; the matter was thought no more of—he did not leave the deed there—I cannot recollect whether a note was made of particulars, but my impression is some note was taken, because I took a synopsis of the particulars to Hanrot in reference to it, and asked him, first to advance, and then to see whether it was possible to obtain money on the security—I had nothing to do with the business—then it dropped—I saw Rowell in Francis's company at that time, and since—she was introduced to me at Adam Street by Francis.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I live at 14, Chapel, Street, Bedford Row, where I have three furnished rooms—I don't recollect the name of my landlord for the moment—I took the chambers some time ago—I pay my rent to agents in Great James Street; I have forgotten their names for a moment—I last paid my rent about two months ago, five guineas for a quarter—I have three rooms at 10s. a week—I don't remember the agent's number in Great James Street—I can produce the receipt for my rent if necessary—I had offices at Adam Street in 1898—I made a mistake if I said I was there now; I was last there in 1894—I had three rooms there—I was the tenant—I forget the landlord's name; he was a land surveyor, or something of that sort—I sent my rent to somewhere in Whitehall; I cannot remember the name—I have a bad memory for names—I remember the name of Mrs. Firman—I saw Mr. Munk at Adam Street occasionally, seeing Jones—I don't know where Hunk's office was then—I was a tenant at Adam Street for six months I should think—my name was up, "E. E. Henry," with no description—I was financial agent, who is a commission agent—a financial agent brings together a borrower and a lender, and gets a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160046"/>
<p>commission—I cannot say I know many money-lenders—I am not a money-lender's tout—I carry out mortgages—I introduce people to money-lenders—I have a recollection of Mr. Gilbert some years ago—I have seen and spoken to him here to-day—I introduced him to a lady on one occasion who wanted to raise money—I knew Mr. Hanrot pretty well—his nephew and Reed were charged with conspiracy—I knew Reed as a money-lender; I have borrowed money from him myself and paid him back—I knew Francis as living at Charles Street—I suggest it was in 1894 that Francis first knew Jones—I should think Jones first knew Rowell then; I did not know her previously—very likely I was in Adam Street as a tenant in January, 1894, and left at mid
<lb/>summer—rent was due at that time—I cannot recollect if I saw Rowell introduced to Jones at my office—Francis was introduced to Jones for the purpose of raising money on a reversion of the Berwickshire property—I did not suggest Francis and Jones should go to Gilbert; I never recollect hearing they went to Gilbert together about it—about two months after the introduction of Francis to Jones this other deed was produced by Francis, who showed it to Jones, and then took it away—I had a glance at it—I did not notice whether there was a certificate of registration at the Middlesex Registry on it—some notes were taken by a clerk—I did not make a synopsis from the deed it
<lb/>self—I have not seen them since—I had two clerks in my office; one was Jones's and one mine—I did not know Jones before 1894—he was intro
<lb/>duced to me by Signer Brunnelli; Jones was going through the Bank
<lb/>ruptcy Court at the time, and Brunnelli said I had taken offices in Adam Street, and perhaps he would like a room there—he did not do solicitors' business at that place—I was first introduced into this case a few days ago; Mrs. Jones asked me—I made no statement of what I was going to say—I saw no solicitor who was appearing for Jones to my recollec
<lb/>tion—I saw Mr. Abrahams to-day; I saw him for a moment before, but I have never had conversation with him—I have never seen the prisoners' solicitor to have a conversation or to talk to—Jones wrote and asked me to go and see him at Holloway, and I saw him there; I gave him no statement or proof.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This is the receipt for money I paid to the solicitors for preparing the agreement when I took the office at Adam Street, Adelphi, on September 20th, 1893—Hopgood and Dowson were the solicitors acting for the landlord.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I was at Adam Street for about six months—King in
<lb/>troduced Francis to Jones, in my presence, at the Holborn Restaurant—that was before Jones came to Adam Street—we were introduced to Francis by King and Huddersfield at the time I took my office in Adam Street almost—I knew nothing of the application to John Gilbert on the Lambton reversion; I heard they had raised money from Gilbert through a Mr. Wells, whom I know—Wells was paying 20s. in the £, and leav
<lb/>ing a surplus.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-139" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-139" type="given" value="HAROLD GEORGE"/>HAROLD GEORGE COX</persName> </hi>. I am a financial and general agent, residing at Walthamstow—I would rather not answer whether I am an acquaint
<lb/>ance or relation of the Mr. Bentley mentioned in this case—I believe it was in February last I made Francis's acquaintance; I met him in a casual way—he asked me to procure him a loan of £150 on the security of Ro well's reversion on two freehold houses in Brewery Road, and settled</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160047"/>
<p>upon her by her aunt, Mrs. Firman, Aged eighty-three—he said he was one of the trustees, and he know it to he true—later on, in consequence of what I heard, I called at Munk and Co s, office in Broad Street, and there I saw Jones—it was towards the end of March—I asked Jones if he could produce the deeds; I said I wanted to obtain further particulars about the business—I said Dr. Francis (he had been described to me as Dr. Francis) had asked me to obtain a loan, and I asked Jones it he could produce the deeds relating to the property—Jones said, "I have not got the deeds, and I cannot get them; I think you had better wait till we have something to show"—I said, "Dr. Francis told me the settlement deed was signed"—Jones said, "That is not so; the settlement deed is not yet executed"—I left the office—I met Francis and told him what had taken place, in Rowell's presence—they said there was some difficulty in getting the deeds produced—Rowell said she had a rich uncle, and she expected to benefit financially at his death—from what Rowell and Francis said I did not suspect the thing was a fraud—I could not accept their word; I should accept the word of a solicitor; if I asked him, Is this business in order? and he said "Yes, "I should believe him—on the day that Francis and Rowell were arrested, I called on Honour late in the evening—he had mentioned this matter to me a short time before they were arrested—he told me he thought he would get the money from Jones; solicitors could always find money—on the night of the arrest of Francis and Rowell I asked him, "How about Jones?"—he said he had been served with a Police-court summons—I asked him why he had not been arrested too—he said, "Don't you think that is clever?"—I said, "I suppose you mean that if Jones is not locked up he will find you the money"—he said, "Yes"—a few days after, Honour said he should require me as a witness—I said there was no evidence I could give on his behalf that I could see—he said, "I must have you as a witness; you shall have £5 for your evidence"—a few days afterwards I happened to call on him—he asked for my address, saying he had lost it—I had given it to him—he said he should want to subpoena me—he said he had instructed his clerk as to my evidence—lie asked me if Jones was well connected—I said I believed he was, and he was a gentleman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The business of a financial agent is to obtain money for people, I presume—that was my business; it is not now—I first com
<lb/>menced business as a financial and general agent about a year ago, at my own address, The Hollies, East Avenue, Walthamstow—I have lived there about eighteen months—my mother is the tenant—I am nearly twenty-four—I had no office—I did my business in London, in the West
<lb/>End, in the neighbourhood of Jermyn Street and Piccadilly—I was not a sort of man in the street; I did not meet people in the street, or in public-houses, and introduce them to money orders—sometimes I was introduced to them by other people—I met them at other people's offices whom I knew, financial agents—I intro
<lb/>duce people to money-lenders; I am not a tout—I am related to Mr. Bentley; he is an accountant, I believe—at present I believe he is a financial agent, and introduces people to money-lenders; just what I have been doing—Francis did not go with me when I called on Jones—I went alone to obtain further particulars about the business for a solicitor, in Mansion House Chambers, Eldred, I think—I was referred to him by some people</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160048"/>
<p>before whom I had put this business—Eldred represented the lenders, and said he should want to know certain particulars before his clients would part with the money, and so I went to Jones to learn about the Brewery Road freehold—I might have reported the result of my inquiries to Mr. Eldred—I did not see Eldred again, because the replies Jones gave me were not satisfactory—Jones said the settlement deed was not executed; that was about the end of March—Jones did not tell me the settlement had been signed in draft by the settlor—he did not mention a signed draft, or suggest that any document connected with the settlement had been signed—I was first spoken to about coming hereto give evidence about six or seven weeks ago—either Mr. Munk, or Jones's clerk, I think, first spoke to me—McNair subpoenaed me to come here after the committal and before the last Sessions—I gave no proof before the committal—I gave no proof until I gave it to McNair—Honour has bills of mine, but I don't owe him any money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have known Honour between three and a-half to four years—I have been on intimate terms with him, and frequently seeing him—my visit to him was not quite so late as twelve, after the arrest—I know him intimately—I have no personal animosity against Honour—he has never asked me for the money on my bills—I have a subpoena.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Jones received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-24-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-24-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-24-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-18961116 t18961116-24-punishment-30"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROWELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-24-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-24-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-24-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-18961116 t18961116-24-punishment-31"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-24-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-24-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-24-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-24-18961116 t18961116-24-punishment-32"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, November</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1896.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-25">
<interp inst="t18961116-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-25" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-18961116 t18961116-25-offence-1 t18961116-25-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-25-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18961116" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18961116" type="surname" value="HEBDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18961116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HEBDEN</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining credit, he being an undischarged bankrupt.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUGHES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-141" type="surname" value="ETON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-141" type="given" value="RALPH"/>RALPH ETON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Bankruptcy Court—I produce the file in the bankruptcy of John Hebden, of 43, Fitzwilliam Street, Don
<lb/>caster, fish and game salesman and commission agent—he was adjudi
<lb/>cated bankrupt on February 7th, 1893, and has not been discharged—I believe the defendant is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am not a Doncaster man; I come from Sheffield—I do not know that since the bankruptcy the father has carried on the business himself—I cannot tell you anything which happened after the bankruptcy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-142" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-142" type="given" value="CHARLES WELBOURNE"/>CHARLES WELBOURNE HALL</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor and registrar of the County Court, Doncaster—I know the defendant; my bailiff has had him in custody several times—he is the John Hebden mentioned in the Bank
<lb/>ruptcy proceedings; he has carried on business at Doncaster continuously ever since in the name of John Hebden; he has been sued in that name, and brought actions in that name—when he came before me I asked him about them, and he said that they were his own debts—his private resi
<lb/>dence is 43, Fitzwilliam Street, and he has a stall in the market.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This is the first time I have heard that he became assistant to his father in 1894—I have not seen any of these cards (
<hi rend="italic">pro
<lb/>duced</hi>)—there is no name over the stall—he was sued as John Hebden for goods sold—when he was in custody a young man came and asked to see his father—I cannot undertake to say that anyone was in business</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160049"/>
<p>with the prisoner, but the young man went down with the bill to try and get the money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-143" type="surname" value="BRISLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-143" type="given" value="ABRAHAM JOSHUA"/>ABRAHAM JOSHUA BRISLEY</persName> </hi>. I am managing director of an Australian society—on September 13th I received this letter from John Hebden re
<lb/>specting Australian rabbits, and about a welk afterwards the prisoner called at my office, and I told him that, as I said in my letter, I could not supply him—I took him to Mr. Tabor in Leadenhall Market—he said that he had a large business within a radius of twenty miles, and had horses and carts—he said, "My son discovered your brand on some crates"—he did not mention anything about bankruptcy to me—he did not buy anything.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He did not mention his father—I have never seen a son of the prisoner's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-144" type="surname" value="TABOR"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-144" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES TABOR</persName> </hi>. I am a salesman of Leadenhall Market—Mr. Brisley brought the prisoner to me, and introduced him as a friend of his who wanted to buy rabbits—the first entry is September 23rd, twelve crates of rabbits; I gave him a price; he said that he came from Doncaster, and did a large business, and if I treated him fairly he would do a large business, but he would try and get them cheaper, and if he wanted them he would wire—I afterwards sent him twelve crates at £2 a crate—he has never paid me a halfpenny—he did not mention that he was an undischarged bankrupt—he handed me a label with "J. Hebden and Son" on it, and said that he traded in that way, "and Sons," or "and Co.," or "Limited"—I afterwards received a telegram and sent him twenty more crates which he has not paid for; he also sent me a telegram on the 28th, which came to £24, which he has never paid—on the 29th I received this letter, and sent him forty crates more, value £48—the total value is £119—I got another telegram from him, but I had heard something—I received another letter from him with "and Son" struck out as it is now—on October 3rd, after my book-keeper had sent his account in I received this letter, "Your account received, and beg to say if you wish to be paid, you must explain your solicitor's letter to a person in this town," &c.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Crass-examined.</hi> I had one letter with "and Son" erased—I do all my business through a banker.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-145" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-145" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-145" type="given" value="EBBING"/>EBBING RUSSELL</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of Great Winchester Street—my firm received this letter, "Your account is not only due, but you have the letter from Mr. Tabor; we should never think of parting with the money under a month when it becomes properly due."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-25-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-25-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-25-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-18961116 t18961116-25-punishment-33"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-26">
<interp inst="t18961116-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-26" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-18961116 t18961116-26-offence-1 t18961116-26-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-26-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18961116" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18961116" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18961116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN TAYLOR</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18961116-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-147" type="surname" value="STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-147" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-26-offence-1 t18961116-name-147"/>Samuel Stanley</persName>, and stealing a watch-chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEVER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-148" type="surname" value="STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-148" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL STANLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a watchmaker of 48, Mortimer Street, Mary
<lb/>lebone—it is a jeweller's shop; I sleep upstairs—I was awoke about two o'clock by the breaking of glass—there are iron bars in front of my window; I opened it, and saw a woman opposite, and the prisoner in front of the shop; he crossed towards New Portland Street—I put my clothes on, took my whistle, and went down and opened the door quietly, and saw the prisoner with his hand in the window—he did not see me; he was so intent upon what he was doing;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160050"/>
<p>—he was close to the bar with his hand in the hole; I blew my whistle, and he ran away—I went very quietly, having my slippers on, and caught him; he said, "It was not me; I know the man who did it; he has gone that way"—the police came, and I gave him in custody—it was thick plate glass—this chain (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is mine; it was hanging in the window—the inspector showed it to me at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> This was about one o'clock, but I cannot say exactly, as I was asleep—I saw no other man—there were nine silver chains in the window—I take the valuable things out every night; I have gas burning in my shop, but there was no light in my room—I did not come down till I saw you turn back, and then I was ready for you—the plate-glass was worth about £4, but it was insured; it could not have been broken by the hand—I did not see you break the window or take the chain out, but I saw your hand in the window.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-149" type="surname" value="BUCKERIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-149" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN BUCKERIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Edgar Buckeridge—on Novem
<lb/>ber 5th, about ten minutes to one, I was in Mortimer Street, just opposite No. 48 and saw two or three men; and when I got to the milk shop I heard a crash, and saw two men walk from the shop; the prisoner is one, the other went round a turning; the prisoner went back to the shop, and then walked away very quick, and came back, and a whistle blew, and he ran away and the prosecutor after him, who stopped him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see you break the window, but I saw you run away from it—when I heard the crash you did not remain long enough to put your hand in and take anything out, but you went to the window a second time—you were there ten minutes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-150" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-150" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi> 21 d). On the morning of November 5th I was on duty in Great Tichfield Street, heard a police whistle, and saw the prosecutor chasing the prisoner—I ran, and came up at the same time—the prosecutor said, "This man has broken my window"—the prisoner said, "Not me; the man has gone down there"—I found the window broken, and a large piece of paper covered with treacle on it—the last witness said, "That man did it"—on reaching Wheatfield Street the prisoner struggled and fell down; a cabman assisted me in getting him to the station—he said, "I know nothing about the b——window."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The woman said, "It was him and another man that did it"—I did not see you drop anything; no handkerchief was found near the place.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-151" type="surname" value="WALL"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-151" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WALL</persName> </hi> (329
<hi rend="italic">B</hi>). On the morning of November 5th I searched the footway in Mortimer Street, and found this chain, about ten minutes after I saw the prisoner taken.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was on the spot when you were apprehended—a woman there said that you were the man who did it—I saw you leave the shop, but did not follow you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>: The woman states that she heard a crash, but did not see me break the window. If I had broken it I should have put my hand in and taken the chains. What man would take one chain when he could take a dozen? These people have been told by the police what to pay. No doubt the police took the chain out of the window, and then said that they found it in the road. Had I done it the instrument with which it was broken must have been found on me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at North London Sessions on May</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1892,
<hi rend="italic">when he was sentenced to Five Years' Penal</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160051"/>
<hi rend="italic">Servitude. Several other convictions were proved against him, and he is still under ticket of leave. He has spent thirty-three years in prison.—
<rs id="t18961116-26-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-26-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-26-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-18961116 t18961116-26-punishment-34"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-27">
<interp inst="t18961116-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-27" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-18961116 t18961116-27-offence-1 t18961116-27-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-27-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18961116" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18961116" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18961116" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID HOLLOWAY</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18961116-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-153" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-153" type="surname" value="FICHEL"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-153" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-27-offence-1 t18961116-name-153"/>Annie Fichel</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-27-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-27-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-27-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-18961116 t18961116-27-punishment-35"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, November</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1896.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-28">
<interp inst="t18961116-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-28" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-18961116 t18961116-28-offence-1 t18961116-28-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-28-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18961116" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18961116" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THOMAS BAKER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18961116-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to sending a letter to
<persName id="t18961116-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-155" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-155" type="given" value="EVALINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-28-offence-1 t18961116-name-155"/>Evaline Smith</persName>, demanding money with menaces. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-28-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-28-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-28-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-18961116 t18961116-28-punishment-36"/>He received an excellent character.—Five Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-29">
<interp inst="t18961116-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-29" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-18961116 t18961116-29-offence-1 t18961116-29-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-29-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18961116" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18961116" type="surname" value="HAYDON"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18961116" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS HAYDON</hi> (56)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Feloniously sending to
<persName id="t18961116-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-157" type="surname" value="HAYDON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-157" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-29-offence-1 t18961116-name-157"/>David Haydon</persName> a letter demanding £10 with menaces.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-158" type="surname" value="HAYDON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-158" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID HAYDON</persName> </hi>. I am a wholesale provision merchant, and live at Brownswood Park, Finsbury Park, North London—the prisoner is my brother—on October 14th I received this letter and envelope—they are in his writing—it is dated from 60, Holborn Viaduct. (
<hi rend="italic">The letter stated that the witness was indebted to him, and demanded the balance of account, viz.</hi>, £10.) I also received this other
<hi rend="italic">letter</hi> in pencil in the prisoner's writing; the envelope is in a clerk's writing—the prisoner said at the Police-court that the letters were his writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-159" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-159" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED WARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi>). I arrested the prisoner on October 3rd, outside 60, Holborn Viaduct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY.—
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy.—</hi> </rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-29-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-29-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-29-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-18961116 t18961116-29-punishment-37"/>Discharged on Recognizances.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, November</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1896.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-30">
<interp inst="t18961116-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-30" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-18961116 t18961116-30-offence-1 t18961116-30-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-30-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18961116" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18961116" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18961116" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY RUSSELL</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="conspiracy"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18961116-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to conspiring with
<persName id="t18961116-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-161" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-161" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-30-offence-1 t18961116-name-161"/>Richard Dunn</persName> to obtain a situation as barman.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18961116-30-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-30-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-30-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-18961116 t18961116-30-punishment-38"/>He received a good character. Three months' without Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">See next case.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18961116-31">
<interp inst="t18961116-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18961116"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-31" type="date" value="18961116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-18961116 t18961116-31-offence-1 t18961116-31-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-31-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-31-18961116 t18961116-31-offence-1 t18961116-31-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18961116-31-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-31-18961116 t18961116-31-offence-1 t18961116-31-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-31-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-18961116" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-18961116" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-18961116" type="given" value="CHARLES RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES RICHARD DUNN</hi> (49)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-31-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-31-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-18961116" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-18961116" type="surname" value="KIRK"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-18961116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM KIRK</hi> (35)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-31-18961116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-31-18961116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-31-18961116" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def3-31-18961116" type="surname" value="KEAN"/>
<interp inst="def3-31-18961116" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR KEAN</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18961116-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18961116-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="conspiracy"/>, Unlawfully conspiring to induce
<persName id="t18961116-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-165" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-165" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18961116-31-offence-1 t18961116-name-165"/>Charles Gordon</persName> to take Kirk into his service as barman.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Kean, under whose advice Kean stated that he was</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Third and Fifth Counts, and the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found that verdict.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-166" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-166" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GORDON</persName> </hi>. I keep the Duke of Gloucester, St. John's Road, Hoxton—on October 5th I was in want of a potman and barman, and saw an advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Morning Advertiser</hi>—I wrote to. the address given, 3, Munster Street, N., and Kirk called on me and gave me this card, "Mr. R. C. Dunn, Gibson Square, Islington"—my barmaid was leaving the next day, and she left before Kirk came—I had another, and am en
<lb/>tirely satisfied with her—I also had a barman and an assistant potman; I had known them both over twenty years—I have since discharged the barman for drink, but there is nothing against his honesty—I asked Kirk</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160052"/>
<p>where he had been living; he said at the Goodson Arms, Goodson Road, Rotherithe; that Mr. Dunn, his late employer, was the landlord, and that was his private address on the card, and that he had been ten months in his service, and had left six weeks, because the house was changing hands—I told him to call again between nine and ten, and I would, in the meantime, see Mr. Dunn—on the same evening I went to 60, Gibson Square, and saw the prisoner Dunn—I said that I thought of taking William Kirk—he said, "He is a very good man, and has been with me ten months, six months at the Goodson Arms, and four months at another house"—I told him that Kirk said he had been in his service up to six weeks ago—he said that it was quite right; he was hard-working and honest; the only fault he had was he took a little too much drink when he was out for a holiday—Kirk called the name evening, and I engaged him to come on Wednesday, October 7th, in the afternoon—he came—I leave the change that is required for the day on a shelf behind the bar, and that is changed every time I go along the bar—it is made, up of shillings, half-crowns, sovereigns and half-sovereigns—on the Friday, Saturday and Sunday, after Kirk came, I missed money—I was in the bar on Sunday, the 11th—the hours on Sunday afternoon are from ten to three—Kirk was serving all the time—I had a till in the bar, contain
<lb/>ing £13 7s., which was change left for the evening; it was one of Cox's patent tills—it is a corner-house with four entrances—the doors were fastened with an iron shutter and bolts at the bottom—I saw my potman bolt them—the £13 7s. was safe at 5.30, and at ten minutes to Box the potman and barman came up, and the till was gone—I examined the outer shutter, and it was lifted up about a foot—it could not be lifted up without the bars being unfastened—the shutter comes down outside, and the bolts are inside—it must have been lifted much higher for a person to get in and out—I went upstairs at five, and the children went up to get their tea at twenty to six; they generally go up at that time, and that would be known to the people in the house—I did not go up to tea as well, I was lying down, taking a rest—Kirk had asked leave to go out, and went out about 4.15, but I did not see him leave—one of my servants would let him out by the private door—he came back about nine o'clock—he was arrested on Monday, the 12th, for obtaining a situation by a false character—I did not miss money after that—a constable was outside the door with the till when I opened it—I would not have engaged Kirk if I had known that Dunn had left the Goodson Arms in 1888.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Kirk.</hi> The barmaid came on Thursday, and you on Wednesday—I had a good character with her, and she is with me now—I am thoroughly satisfied of her honesty.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. The shutters were shut closely; you could not get a six
<lb/>pence in—there are two doors where the prisoner went out; that door has not a shutter to it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-167" type="surname" value="BAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-167" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT BAIN</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Armthorpe, the licensee of the Plough Inn, Tottenham—I required a barman, and on October 6th I saw an advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Chronicle</hi>, wrote to the address, and Kean called in the evening, and gave me this card, "R. C. Dunn, 60, Gibson Square, Islington—he said he had been employed by Dunn at the Goodson Arms, and had left six weeks before, in consequence</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189611160053"/>
<p>of his disposing of the house—I wrote this letter to Mr. Dunn on the 8th, "Dear Sir,—A. Kean has applied to me for a berth; I believe he was in your employ five months as potman and barman; kindly let me know, and you will more than oblige, yours truly"—on the 9th I called at 60, Gibson Square without seeing Dunn, and on getting home I found this telegram, "Arthur Kean was in my employ ten months, during that time I found him honest and a good worker. "I then wired to Kean, and he came in on Monday morning, October 12th; and on the Tuesday morning very early, he disappeared—I believed that he had been eleven months in the service of Mr. Dunn, of the Goodson Arms, and that is why I took him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You were only in my employ twenty-four hours, and I kept you out of the bar as much as I could.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-168" type="surname" value="THAYERS"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-168" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM THAYERS</persName> </hi>. I am a licensed victualler of Ealing Dean—on August 5th I saw an advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Morning Advertiser</hi> for a bar
<lb/>man; called at the address given in Shoe Lane, and left a message; and in the afternoon Kean called with a written message in his hand—he told me he had been employed by Mr. Dunn, of the Goodson Arms, and had left three weeks before—he gave me Mr. Dunn's address, Slaugh
<lb/>ton Street, Islington; I called there three times, and did not see Dunn—I wired to him and received a reply, and wired to Kean—I engaged him; he was there six weeks, gave me a week's notice, and left—I had no fault to find with him while he was with me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-169" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-169" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-169" type="given" value="EMILY FRANCES"/>EMILY FRANCES PORTER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Goswell Road District Post Office—on October 9th I took this message for dispatch, "Arthur Kean was in my employ eleven months; during that time I found him honest, sober, and a good worker."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18961116-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18961116-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-170" type="surname" value="DELF"/>
<interp inst="t18961116-name-170" type="given" value="THOMAS FRANK"/>THOMAS FRANK DELF</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to the licensing justices—I produced the register of the licenses of Rotherhithe Road—there is no public-house called Goodson Arms, Goodson Road, Roth