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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18951209">
<interp inst="f18951209" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>WILKIN, MAYOR.</p>
<p>SECOND SESSION, HELD DECEMBER 9TH, 1895.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>ALEXANDER BUCKLER,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ., Q.C.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS AND SONS, LIMITED, 119, CHANCERY LANE,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>INCLUDING CASES COMMITTED TO THIS COURT, UNDER ORDER IN COUNCIL, PURSUANT TO WINTER ASSIZE ACT OF 1879,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, December 9th, 1895, and following days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON. SIR</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-1" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-1" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER WILKIN</persName> </hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-2" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-2" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-3" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-3" type="given" value="JAMES CLARKE"/>JAMES CLARKE LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Bart., and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-4" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-4" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Knt., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-5" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-5" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, Q. C., M. P., K. C. M. G., Recorder of the said City; Lieut.-Col.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-6" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-6" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN VOCE MOORE</hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-7" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-7" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-8" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-8" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES BELL</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK PRATT ALLISTON</hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., Q. C., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-9" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-9" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-10" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-10" type="given" value="JOHN ROBERT"/>JOHN ROBERT COOPER</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-11" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-11" type="given" value="THOMAS GEORGE"/>THOMAS GEORGE BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLARENCE BECKFORD</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILKIN, MAYOR. SECOND SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<p>47.
<persName id="def1-47-18951209" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-47-18951209" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-47-18951209" type="surname" value="WILCOX"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WILCOX</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-47-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-47-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-47-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>
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<rs id="t18951209-47-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-47-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-47-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-47-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-47-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-47-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-47-18951209 t18951209-47-punishment-1"/>One Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<p>48.
<persName id="def1-48-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-48-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-48-18951209" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-48-18951209" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-48-18951209" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WEST</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-48-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-48-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-48-18951209" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-48-18951209" type="surname" value="BILLINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-48-18951209" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT BILLINGTON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-48-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-48-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-48-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, five indictments for breaking and entering the counting-house of the
<persName id="t18951209-name-15" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-15" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-48-offence-1 t18951209-name-15"/>Midland Railway Company</persName>,</rs> also
<rs id="t18951209-48-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-48-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-48-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>two warehouses of the Great Eastern Railway Company,</rs> also
<rs id="t18951209-48-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-48-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-48-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>the warehouse of
<persName id="t18951209-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-16" type="surname" value="ROBINS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-16" type="given" value="WILLIAM LAWRENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-48-offence-3 t18951209-name-16"/>Wm. Lawrence Robins</persName>, and two other warehouses, and stealing therein.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEST</hi>
<rs id="t18951209-48-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-48-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-48-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-48-18951209 t18951209-48-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BILLINGTON</hi>
<rs id="t18951209-48-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-48-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-48-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-48-18951209 t18951209-48-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic"> The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAND JULY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">commended the conduct of the Police.</hi>
<rs id="t18951209-48-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-48-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-48-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>49.
<persName id="def1-49-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-49-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-49-18951209" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-49-18951209" type="surname" value="RICE"/>
<interp inst="def1-49-18951209" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE RICE</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-49-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-49-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-49-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, to stealing a horse and cart, the property of
<persName id="t18951209-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-18" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-18" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-49-offence-1 t18951209-name-18"/>Henry Taylor</persName>, having been convicted at this Court on June 22nd, 1885.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Several other convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18951209-49-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-49-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-49-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-49-18951209 t18951209-49-punishment-4"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18951209-49-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-49-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-49-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>50.
<persName id="def1-50-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-50-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-50-18951209" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-50-18951209" type="surname" value="LATRIELLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-50-18951209" type="given" value="CHARLES THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-50-18951209" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES THOMAS LATRIELLE</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-50-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-50-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-50-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to two indict
<lb/>ments for stealing, while employed in the Post Office, two letters con
<lb/>taining three orders for the payment of money, the property of
<persName id="t18951209-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-50-offence-1 t18951209-name-20"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster General</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18951209-50-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-50-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-50-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-50-18951209 t18951209-50-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18951209-50-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-50-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-50-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18951209-51" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-51" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-51-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-51-18951209 t18951209-51-offence-1 t18951209-51-verdict-1"/>
<p>51.
<persName id="def1-51-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-51-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-51-18951209" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-51-18951209" type="surname" value="AINSWORTH"/>
<interp inst="def1-51-18951209" type="given" value="CHARLES FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-51-18951209" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES FRANCIS AINSWORTH</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-51-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-51-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-51-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to two indictments for stealing, while employed in the Post Office, two letters containing five Post Office Orders, the property of
<persName id="t18951209-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-22" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-51-offence-1 t18951209-name-22"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster General</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18951209-51-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-51-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-51-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-51-18951209 t18951209-51-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18951209-51-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-51-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-51-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-52-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-52-18951209 t18951209-52-offence-2 t18951209-52-verdict-1"/>
<p>52.
<persName id="def1-52-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-52-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-52-18951209" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-52-18951209" type="surname" value="DIXON"/>
<interp inst="def1-52-18951209" type="given" value="HENRY JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JAMES DIXON</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-52-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-52-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-52-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a watch and chain of
<persName id="t18951209-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-24" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-24" type="given" value="GERTRUDE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-52-offence-1 t18951209-name-24"/>Gertrude Collins</persName> from her person,</rs> also
<rs id="t18951209-52-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-52-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-52-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to three other indictments for stealing tools,</rs> having been convicted at this Court on September 10th, 1894.—
<rs id="t18951209-52-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-52-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-52-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-52-18951209 t18951209-52-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18951209-52-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-52-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-52-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-53">
<interp inst="t18951209-53" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-53" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-53-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-53-18951209 t18951209-53-offence-1 t18951209-53-verdict-1"/>
<p>(53)
<persName id="def1-53-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-53-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-53-18951209" type="surname" value="ROBSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-53-18951209" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THOMAS ROBSON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18951209-53-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-53-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-53-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to marrying
<persName id="t18951209-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-26" type="surname" value="CATLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-26" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-53-offence-1 t18951209-name-26"/>Elizabeth Catley</persName>, his wife being alive.—</rs>
<rs id="t18951209-53-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-53-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-53-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-53-18951209 t18951209-53-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18951209-53-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-53-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-53-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-54">
<interp inst="t18951209-54" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-54" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-54-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-54-18951209 t18951209-54-offence-1 t18951209-54-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-54-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-54-18951209 t18951209-54-offence-1 t18951209-54-verdict-1"/>
<p>54.
<persName id="def1-54-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-54-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-54-18951209" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-54-18951209" type="surname" value="DUNDERVALE"/>
<interp inst="def1-54-18951209" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DUNDERVALE</hi> (19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-54-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-54-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-54-18951209" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-54-18951209" type="surname" value="CALLAGHAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-54-18951209" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL CALLAGHAN</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-54-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-54-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-54-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Unlawfully throwing stones upon the
<persName id="t18951209-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-29" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-54-offence-1 t18951209-name-29"/>Midland Railway</persName>, and en
<lb/>dangering the safety of the passengers.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-30" type="surname" value="BREELY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-30" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BREELY</persName> </hi>. I am a police-sergeant of the Midland Railway</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090004"/>
<p>Company—in consequence of complaints, on November 15th I went up the line with two constables, all in plain clothes, and saw the prisoners, whom I did not know before, in a brickfield—the 2.31 train from Kentish Town came up about 2.45, and before it passed I saw the prisoners. throwing stones on the line, and when it was passing they each threw a piece of brick at it—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is a sample of brick which I picked up on the line immediately afterwards—they threw once at the train and two or three times before—I got over the fence and they ran away—they did not appear to be employed in the brickfield, they were loafing about and gambling; they have been there all the sum
<lb/>mer—I caught Dundervale and took him to the station—the line was covered with pieces of brick.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-31" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-31" type="given" value="ARTHUR WILLIAM"/>ARTHUR WILLIAM HALL</persName> </hi>. I am a constable of the Midland Railway—I was with Sergeant Breely in this field and saw the prisoners there, they threw three or four stones over the wall and then went to the corner on to the bridge; a train was passing and they both threw stones at it—I told Callaghan I wanted him; he said, "What for?"—I said I would tell him later on—I did not know him before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-32" type="surname" value="LEES"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-32" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEES</persName> </hi>. I am a constable of the Midland Railway—I was with Hall on November 15th in a field next to the line, and saw the prisoners throwing stones on to the line, and they each threw a stone at a passing train—they threw straight; there was nothing to prevent the stones going in at the windows.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-33" type="surname" value="BARRS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-33" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BARRS</persName> </hi>. On November 15th I was guard of the 2.25 train from St. Pancras which was passing, between Kentish Town and Haverstock Hill, by this brickfield, shortly after 2.30—there were passengers in the train.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-34" type="surname" value="STRETTON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-34" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR STRETTON</persName> </hi> (239
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). On November 15th, about four o'clock,. the two prisoners were brought to Kentish Town Station and charged with throwing stones at a passing train; they denied it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Callaghan's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I am very sorry for what I am brought up for, but I am not guilty."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Dundervale's defence:</hi> "I never
<hi rend="italic">done</hi> such a thing."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Callaghan's defence:</hi> "I am very sorry. I went into the field to ease myself and he caught hold of me."</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18951209-54-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-54-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-54-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">The officers stated that passengers had been injured by stones thrown at the trains, and the telegraph wires broken by bricks.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DUN
<lb/>DERVALE</hi>
<rs id="t18951209-54-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-54-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-54-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-54-18951209 t18951209-54-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CALLAGHAN</hi>*—
<rs id="t18951209-54-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-54-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-54-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-54-18951209 t18951209-54-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-55">
<interp inst="t18951209-55" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-55" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-55-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-55-18951209 t18951209-55-offence-1 t18951209-55-verdict-1"/>
<p>55.
<persName id="def1-55-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-55-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-55-18951209" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-55-18951209" type="surname" value="HUNTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-55-18951209" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HUNTON</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-55-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-55-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-55-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18951209-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-36" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-36" type="given" value="EVELYN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-55-offence-1 t18951209-name-36"/>Evelyn Gray</persName>, and stealing a jacket and other articles, her property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HARDY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18951209-55-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-55-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-55-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noAgreement"/>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">being unable to agree, were discharged without giving any verdict.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-56">
<interp inst="t18951209-56" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-56" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-56-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-56-18951209 t18951209-56-offence-1 t18951209-56-verdict-1"/>
<p>56.
<persName id="def1-56-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-56-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-56-18951209" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-56-18951209" type="surname" value="LUIGI"/>
<interp inst="def1-56-18951209" type="given" value="FARASHI"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FARASHI LUIGI</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-56-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-56-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-56-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Committing an act of gross indecency.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-56-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-56-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-56-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-56-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-56-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-56-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-56-18951209 t18951209-56-punishment-11"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090005"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, December</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-57">
<interp inst="t18951209-57" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-57" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-57-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-57-18951209 t18951209-57-offence-1 t18951209-57-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-57-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-57-18951209 t18951209-57-offence-2 t18951209-57-verdict-1"/>
<p>57.
<persName id="def1-57-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-57-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-57-18951209" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-57-18951209" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-57-18951209" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HARRIS</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-57-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-57-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-57-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-57-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-57-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-57-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to forging and uttering the endorsement to an order for £10</rs> also
<rs id="t18951209-57-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-57-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-57-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to attempting to obtain £10 with intent to defraud, having been convicted at West Londonon February 3rd, 1892.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-57-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-57-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-57-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-57-18951209 t18951209-57-punishment-12"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-58">
<interp inst="t18951209-58" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-58" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-58-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-58-18951209 t18951209-58-offence-1 t18951209-58-verdict-1"/>
<p>58.
<persName id="def1-58-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-58-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-58-18951209" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-58-18951209" type="surname" value="HUNTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-58-18951209" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HUNTON</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-58-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-58-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-58-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18951209-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-40" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-40" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-40" type="given" value="EVELYN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-58-offence-1 t18951209-name-40"/>Evelyn Gray</persName>, and stealing a jacket and other articles, her property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HARDY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution stated that as one Jury had disagreed in this case and had been discharged without giving any verdict, he should offer no evidence.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-58-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-58-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-58-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-59">
<interp inst="t18951209-59" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-59" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-59-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-59-18951209 t18951209-59-offence-1 t18951209-59-verdict-1"/>
<p>59.
<persName id="def1-59-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-59-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-59-18951209" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-59-18951209" type="surname" value="ABRAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-59-18951209" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED ABRAMS</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-59-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-59-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-59-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing six gas burners, six chimneys, and six incandescent gas mantles, the property of the
<persName id="t18951209-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-42" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-59-offence-1 t18951209-name-42"/>In
<lb/>candescent Gas Company</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-43" type="surname" value="BENDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-43" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS BENDEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">In custody</hi>). I was formerly in the prisoner's employment; I am now under sentence at Pentonville, for stealing a diamond pendant which was pawned for £5, and got six months at the Police-court on October 12th—on October 10th I wrote a letter to the Incandescent Gas Company—a gentleman from the Company came to see me and I made a statement to him—I went in to the prisoner's employment as a barber in June and July, 1894—he has a barber's shop in Mile End Road—I am a German Jew—I stayed till March, 1895—I went back in July and stayed there till I was charged—at the end of 1894 the prisoner had seven incandescent lamps in the shop—in July, 1895, the prisoner asked the man who used to come from the Company once a fortnight if he had enough wages; I do not know the man's name—he said, "What can I do? the company does not pay me any thing more; can you get something for me?"—he said, "I will see what I can do for you," and he said to me, "When the man comes call me down if I am upstairs"—the man came again a fortnight afterwards and took out a box containing six burners, four or five mantles, and some chimneys, and the prisoner put them in an electricity box, and gave the man some money—when the man came the next time he had six mantles and six chimneys, and the prisoner gave him a half-crown, he did not come after that—the prisoner purchased mantles and chimneys in 1894 every fortnight, but not burners—the pri
<lb/>soner's brother-in-law, Benjamin, a gasfitter, used to come to the shop, and took away in his pocket the things which the maintenance man brought—the prisoner gave them to him—the prisoner used to sell the things to customers—he said that he got them from a wholesale place—he sold some mantles and chimneys to
<hi rend="italic">Teddy</hi> Dyme, who had a public house next door, and to Mr. Levine, a jeweller, next door to the public-house; also to a tailor, and he fixed a lamp himself at Tobin's, the jeweller's; he knew how to do it—Cohen, a tailor, had one lot of these lamps—I did not see the maintenance man after September; I saw the other man, Smith, twice—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is a letter I wrote on January 10th to the manager of the company.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner gave me in custody for stealing one of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090006"/>
<p>his pins—I was also charged with stealing a pin from a customer, taking it out of his tie when I was shaving him—I was also charged with steal
<lb/>ing a diamond pendant from a house where I had been sent to shave a sick gentleman—I do not know whether those are all the charges against me, perhaps you had better find out—there is nothing else—from Novem
<lb/>ber, 1894, to September, 1895, the same maintenance man came every fortnight—I was not in the service the whole time; I was away for two months—the prisoner spoke to the maintenance man about his wages in the summer of 1895 not in 1894, although he was bringing things to him in 1894—I have been in England nearly four years—I knew in Novem
<lb/>ber, 1894, that my master was doing wrong, and I told a young lady so, but no one else—I wrote the letter before my sentence; I did not write to them earlier, because I had my own business to look after.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-44" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-44" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC COHEN</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor, of 266 and 268, Mile End Road, close to the prisoner—I had ten incandescent gas lamps in my shop at first, I now have fourteen—the prisoner sold them to me all but two, I bought everything from him, burners, mantles and chimneys—it was some Friday in October—I gave him a cheque for £2 2s. for the first lot, and my cashier paid him 19s. afterwards—he did not say where he got them; he showed me a card stating that he was a gas-fitter and electrical engineer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He is an electric bell-fitter, and fits up baths, and keeps baths for the use of his customers—I admired the light, and said,. "You may as well fix some for men—two of them were fitted with a
<hi rend="italic">bycard</hi>—I have never seen boxes like these, sold in the street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-45" type="surname" value="COSTA"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-45" type="given" value="JOSEPH DA"/>JOSEPH DA COSTA</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, of 172, Mile End Road—on January 1st Mr. Benjamin fitted up four incandescent lamps at my shop on his own account—none of them have had to be repaired, but I have had one mantle from Mr. Abrams; I sent a boy to him for it; he brought it back, and I paid the prisoner 1s. 3d. for it when he came next day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-46" type="surname" value="DYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-46" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD DYNE</persName> </hi>. I am a publican, of 168, Mile End Road—next door to the prisoner; he put up three incandescent lamps for me for trial—I was to pay 12s. 6d. for them if they answered; he did not tell me where he got them—I did not like them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-47" type="surname" value="TOBIN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-47" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH TOBIN</persName> </hi>. I am a watchmaker, of 382, Mile End Road—at the beginning of September the prisoner fitted up two incandescent lamps. at my house; I paid him 12s. 6d. each for them—I have not bought any mantles of him; they have been running since September.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-48" type="surname" value="BARTLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-48" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BARTLETT</persName> </hi>. I live at Denmark Hill, and am foreman of the mantle department of the Incandescent Gas Company—the prisoner was a customer of theirs at 121 Mile End Road—they supplied him with two of these lights, burners, mantles, and chimneys—there was a form of contract—nine shillings a year is charged to maintain each light, for which purpose we have a staff of maintenance men who visit customers' houses, some weekly and some fortnightly; they examine the light to see if anything. has to be renewed; they are supplied with mantles and chimneys, but not burners, also with a card for each customer, on which he puts down his visit and the number of mantles and chimneys supplied—the card is signed by the customer and should correspond with the number of empty boxes brought back—Cooper had that round till towards the end of the year; his last visit was in July, 1895; he was then given a week's holiday, and on the 28th he was discharged for something quite distinct from this—these</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090007"/>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are Abrams' cards for August, September, October, etc., they are marked "Two lamps"—Cooper was succeeded on his round by Smith, who made a communication to me on October 7th, and I gave him instructions what to do, and on the 31st I arranged for a third person to be in the shop—the prisoner was arrested on a warrant in November—the letter from Benden was brought to my knowledge some time after the communication from Smith, who was acting under my in
<lb/>structions before—these burners, lamps, and mantles found at the time of the arrest are the company's property.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The assistant-manager brought the letter to my notice—I have only been in the company's service since July 22nd—I do not know whether these mantles are made of clay from Brazil—if you suggest that they are worth 2d. each I cannot contradict you—I know this mantle case because I marked it with red ink before I took it to the Magistrate—there are other incandescent gas companies—the employees of the company may buy for themselves, but are not allowed to sell to anybody else—I said at the Police-court, "The employees of the company have not now the privilege of selling at a discount; the practice was discontinued twelve months ago; there is a man at the stores to give the mantles out, and they are booked when they are returned."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-49" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-49" type="given" value="EDWARD JAMES"/>EDWARD JAMES SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a maintenance man in the employ of this company; I took up Cooper's round after his discharge, a fortnight, I think, previous to October 3rd—I have now been with the company four or five months—I visited 166, Mile End Road, at the end of September, and again on October 3rd—I had a card with me showing that I was to attend to two lamps in the window—I am supplied with chimneys and mantles—when I went on October 3rd the pri
<lb/>soner said, "What has become of the other man?"—I said, "Which man do you mean? we have so many"—he said, "Cooper"—I said, "Cooper is not working for our people now"—he said, "Cooper used to leave me some mantles, I used to pay him 4d. each for them, can you do the same?"—I said, "I will see what I can do"—he said, "If you get any
<hi rend="italic">stuff</hi> call in the morning time, if you can," and that he could do with a couple of dozen—I reported what had occurred to Bartlett the foreman, and received his instructions—I understood that the suggestion was that I should steal them—I reported it at the first opportunity on Monday, October 7th—I went again in the ordinary course on October 17th, and the prisoner said, "Have you got the
<hi rend="italic">stuff</hi> for me?"—I said, "No, I have not, I got wet and have been laid up eight or nine days, so I have not been able to get any stuff"—I communicated with Mr. Bartlett on the 18th—on October 31st I went again to the prisoner's house, but did not know that a man was going to follow me into the shop—when I entered the prisoner said, "I don't know whether to call you lazy, you have got here, have you got that
<hi rend="italic">stuff</hi> for me?"—I said, "I have got none with me, but I have got a dozen or so by me; by-the-way, I have seen Cooper and he told me you gave him 5d. for each mantle"—he said, "Cooper gave me some chimneys with the mantles, I will pay you 5d. if you will let me have some chimneys with the mantles; I must have two to-night or four in the morning for certain. I have plenty of empty mantle boxes, and with me it is as sound as iron"—he was in the shop; I gave him the card to sign—he said, "You have used</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090008"/>
<p>nothing; put down one mantle on the card; give me the mantle and I will sign for it"—I said, "I cannot do that; I have another job to do, and do not know what stuff I might want; if I have got any to spare I will call in as I come back"—I had not used any mantle—I do not know how many lights he had in other parts of the house, but I asked him what he did about the others; he said, "I maintain them myself."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There is a name on the collar of the burners, and on some of the chimneys—Lane went in with me; I believe he is a detective—he was an absolute stranger to me, and Abrams did not know him—he was two or three yards from me—it is a tidy-sized shop—there was a man in a corner nursing a child—everybody in the shop could not hear him say, "Have you got the stuff?" because he came up to me—I stood on a pair of steps at the window, and at some parts of the conversation Abrams stood on a chair to speak to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-50" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-50" type="given" value="FREDERICK JAMES"/>FREDERICK JAMES LANE</persName> </hi>. I am an inquiry officer in the employ of the company—in consequence of instructions from Mr. Bartlett on October 31st, I followed Smith into the defendant's shop and sat on the second chair from the window—I could not hear all that was said—Abrams said to Smith, "Have you got that
<hi rend="italic">stuff</hi> for me?"—he said, "No, I have not; but I have got a dozen or so by me; by-the-way, I have seen Cooper, and he says that you always gave him 5d. for the mantles?"—the prisoner said, "Very well; I will give you 5d. each if you will give me some chimneys as well. I must have two to-night or four to-morrow morning for certain—Smith said, "I am going further up the road, and if I have anything left I will look in as I come back"—when Smith had finished attending to the lights he handed the card to Abrams, who said, "You have no mantle on the card"—Smith said, "No, nothing has been used"—Abrams said, "Put one mantle down, give me the mantle, and I will sign for it"—a young man shaved me, but in reality I was listening to what I could hear—I then got up—I was about a foot and a half from him; I got quite close to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been about seven months in the company's service—I swore this: "I know agents supply these mantles in large quantities; I have heard that they are sometimes pedlared"—that means hawked about in the street—I never said, "I have seen burners advertised in the
<hi rend="italic">Exchange and Mart</hi>, but that is an infringement"—I said. "I have heard that fitters of mantles used to buy at a discount"—I heard, in my capacity of an inquiry officer, that they were hawked about the streets.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-51" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-51" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT HARRISON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant H</hi>). On November 7th, I went to 156, Mile End Road, and saw the prisoner—I told him I had a warrant for his arrest, which I read to him; he said, "I have the re
<lb/>ceipts for all I have,"—he did not say from whom—I then read the search warrant to him—he said, "Leave it till ten o'clock;"—I said, "I cannot do that"—ten o'clock was about closing time, and it was then between five and six—I left him in Harvey's charge and com
<lb/>menced to search, and in a chiffonier drawer in the front room first floor I found these four burners (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) and two mica chimneys in a small room on the first floor—I sent them downstairs by Detective Clark—I went down and saw Detective Smart in the shop where the other two burners were, and one chimney, two mantles, three mica tops, three or four small cardboard boxes, and this mantle rod, which is to keep</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090009"/>
<p>the mantle in its proper position—Pearce said to the prisoner, "How do you account for these?" he made no reply, but took this burner up and examined it, and put it down again—I took him to the station—he was charged, and said nothing—on November 22nd, at Arbour Square Station, I charged him with receiving burners, mantles, and other articles, the property of the Incandescent Company—he said nothing then, but when the charge was read over to him, he said, "Not burners, only chimneys and mantles; he never carried burners."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was first charged with inciting a man to steal—that was complete on the second hearing, and the solicitor said that he intended to prefer a second charge of receiving, and he was taken out of the dock into the charge room—he spoke English.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-52" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-52" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SMART</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H</hi>). I took part in the arrest and the search—when the things were placed on the table I said to the prisoner, "How do you account for these?"—he made no answer—he was taken to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. BARTLETT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The present price of these burners is 9s., and when they are fitted with mantles 11s., and the mica chimneys 1s. 6d.; they have been reduced for the last three months—these mica tops are cheap.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I mean 9s. to the general public, an agent gets 25 or 30 per cent. discount—mantles are not sold at 7d., they are sold at ls. 3d. to agents.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-53" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-53" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WATSON</persName> </hi>. I am head salesman and showman to this company at Farmer Street—I have been there three and a-half years, and am well acquainted with the prices.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Fitters and employees of the company are allowed 30 per cent., even to sell to other people—I do not know whether the mantles are made in Germany or in Brazil—other mantles are in the market similar to these and sold at 1s. to 1s. 6d., but not lower than ours—I do not know where mantles can be obtained for 4d.; I should like to buy them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. They are sent to this country in an unprepared condition, and the secret process is performed in this country by our own chemist.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-54" type="surname" value="DENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-54" type="given" value="LAWRENCE"/>LAWRENCE DENNETT</persName> </hi>. I live at 41, Hart Street, Bloomsbury, and am agent to the Incandescent Gas Company of Palmer Street—I keep a shop for supplying retail customers—I first sold the prisoner seven burners on credit at his shop at a net figure; I am not allowed dis
<lb/>count—they cost me 1s., and I sell them at 1s. 3d. to ordinary shop
<lb/>keepers, and if anybody brings a card to me they get them at 1s. 1d.—I never met with any at 4d.—I have never received 40 per cent. discount from the company—I never got anything for less than 1s., but if I had wanted them I understand I could have got them about half price; the burners and mantles were, I believe, subject to a discount of 50 per cent., they then might be sold by an
<hi rend="italic">employee</hi> at 7 1/2 d.—if
<hi rend="italic">employes</hi> saw the manager and said that they were going to introduce a good customer, they might be allowed a discount—I do not know whether people buy lamps which have been used—I moved 120 mantles at a ball which had only been burned one night—if they had been burnt some time they would</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090010"/>
<p>fall to pieces—I have heard of their being sold by a person who is going to disuse them, but I have not bought them or priced them—they are advertised second-hand sometimes, and can be re-lacquered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I supplied him with seven lamps—I never maintain lamps—he has had several ready-money transactions with us besides—I do not know Cooper—the original price was 17s.—it has been introduced about two years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I cannot say that I have known the prisoner, but I have had dealings with him over a year—he has bought lamps and burners of me—there are incandescent gas companies who are alleged to have in
<lb/>fringed the patent—we only sell these.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-59-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-59-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-59-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-59-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-59-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-59-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-59-18951209 t18951209-59-punishment-13"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-60">
<interp inst="t18951209-60" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-60" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-60-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-60-18951209 t18951209-60-offence-1 t18951209-60-verdict-1"/>
<p>60.
<persName id="def1-60-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-60-18951209" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-60-18951209" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-60-18951209" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-60-18951209" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH JAMES</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-60-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-60-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-60-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Maliciously wounding
<persName id="t18951209-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-56" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-56" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-56" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-60-offence-1 t18951209-name-56"/>Florence Wilson</persName>, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-57" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-57" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-57" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE WILSON</persName> </hi>. On February 22nd, between twelve and one p.m., I was walking along Wilton Road, from Victoria, and saw the prisoner, whom I knew by sight—she had threatened me at six o'clock, and said that she meant to do for me before the night was out, and at twelve o'clock she came behind me and put something into my eye, I do not know whether it was an umbrella or what—I was taken to an hospital and my eye had to be removed—she is an unfortunate woman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I only know you by sight, but I know you are the terror of Victoria—I did not spit in your face—it was you who did it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-58" type="surname" value="TIPPETT"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-58" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY TIPPETT</persName> </hi>. I am senior house surgeon at Westminster Hospital—I examined the last witness on her admission; her right eye was split open and utterly destroyed; it could have been done by a fist or by any instrument—the eye had to be removed to prevent the other being affected—it must have been a very violent blow.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-59" type="surname" value="STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-59" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS STANLEY</persName> </hi> (59
<hi rend="italic">B</hi>). On February 22nd I saw Wilson quarrelling with the prisoner; Wilson complained that the prisoner was following her—I requested the prisoner to desist; she went a short distance and said, "You b——, I will wait for you; I will do for you before the night is over."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was not you who spoke to me, it was Wilson—you were dressed in a brown three-quarter cloak and a hat.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-60" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-60" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR ALLEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I arrested the prisoner on November 1st—on the way to the station she said, "On the day of the quarrel the girl who has lost her eye came and pushed against me, and called me a dirty thief."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence:</hi> The prosecutrix came up to me at 4.30, and spat in my face. I pushed her away, and spoke to a policeman, and walked up the road. She went to hit me again, and I knocked her hand up, and the man she was with said, "Don't touch her again; see the state she is in." I did not go away on that account; I went away to be confined.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-61" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-61" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR ALLEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). When I arrested the prisoner she had been a week in time place she was coming from—the warrant was issued</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090011"/>
<p>on March 1st, but though I made every inquiry, I could not find her—she was confined in April.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18951209-60-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-60-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-60-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-60-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-60-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-60-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-60-18951209 t18951209-60-punishment-14"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-61">
<interp inst="t18951209-61" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-61" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-61-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-61-18951209 t18951209-61-offence-1 t18951209-61-verdict-1"/>
<p>61.
<persName id="def1-61-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-61-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-61-18951209" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-61-18951209" type="surname" value="SWOFFER"/>
<interp inst="def1-61-18951209" type="given" value="ARTHUR CHAMBERS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR CHAMBERS SWOFFER</hi> (31)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18951209-61-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-61-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-61-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> for feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18951209-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-63" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-63" type="surname" value="BRUGES"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-63" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-61-offence-1 t18951209-name-63"/>Catherine Bruges</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MORESBY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution stating that he had no evidence of the wife being alive at the time of the second marriage, offered no evidence, and the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found the prisoner</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-61-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-61-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-61-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-62">
<interp inst="t18951209-62" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-62" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-62-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-62-18951209 t18951209-62-offence-1 t18951209-62-verdict-1"/>
<p>62.
<persName id="def1-62-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-62-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-62-18951209" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-62-18951209" type="surname" value="STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-62-18951209" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM STANLEY</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-62-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-62-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-62-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-62-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-62-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-62-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to obtaining a horse by false pretences from
<persName id="t18951209-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-65" type="surname" value="BLAGRAVE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-65" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-62-offence-1 t18951209-name-65"/>Frank Blagrave</persName>, after a previous conviction in 1894.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-62-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-62-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-62-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-62-18951209 t18951209-62-punishment-15"/>Ten Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-63">
<interp inst="t18951209-63" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-63" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-63-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-63-18951209 t18951209-63-offence-1 t18951209-63-verdict-1"/>
<p>63.
<persName id="def1-63-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-63-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-63-18951209" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-63-18951209" type="surname" value="SLACK"/>
<interp inst="def1-63-18951209" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SLACK</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-63-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-63-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-63-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18951209-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-67" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-67" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-63-offence-1 t18951209-name-67"/>Ernest Clark</persName>, and stealing a pair of opera glasses and other articles;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a conviction in June, 1891. Four other convictions were proved against him.—</rs>
<rs id="t18951209-63-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-63-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-63-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-63-18951209 t18951209-63-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18951209-63-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-63-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-63-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-64">
<interp inst="t18951209-64" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-64" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-64-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-64-18951209 t18951209-64-offence-1 t18951209-64-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-64-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-64-18951209 t18951209-64-offence-1 t18951209-64-verdict-1"/>
<p>64.
<persName id="def1-64-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-64-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-64-18951209" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-64-18951209" type="surname" value="OWEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-64-18951209" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES OWEN</hi> (17)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-64-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-64-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-64-18951209" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-64-18951209" type="surname" value="RAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-64-18951209" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS RAY</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-64-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-64-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-64-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18951209-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-70" type="surname" value="CAVENDISH"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-70" type="given" value="JULIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-64-offence-1 t18951209-name-70"/>Julia Cavendish</persName>, and stealing a watch, and other articles. Two previous convictions were proved against Owen, and three against Ray.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OWEN</hi>
<rs id="t18951209-64-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-64-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-64-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-64-18951209 t18951209-64-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RAY</hi>
<rs id="t18951209-64-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-64-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-64-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-64-18951209 t18951209-64-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Thirteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-65">
<interp inst="t18951209-65" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-65" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-65-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-65-18951209 t18951209-65-offence-1 t18951209-65-verdict-1"/>
<p>65.
<persName id="def1-65-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-65-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-65-18951209" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-65-18951209" type="surname" value="SPILLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-65-18951209" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SPILLER</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-65-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-65-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-65-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Unlawfully writing and publishing a false and defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18951209-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-72" type="surname" value="PAKENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-72" type="given" value="AGNES NOBLE STEWART"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-65-offence-1 t18951209-name-72"/>Agnes Noble Stewart Paken
<lb/>ham</persName>, with intent to extort money from her;
<hi rend="italic">another</hi> Count, for writing and publishing a false and defamatory libel on
<persName id="t18951209-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-73" type="surname" value="PAKENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-73" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-65-offence-1 t18951209-name-73"/>John Pakenham</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. F. GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">on behalf of the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-65-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-65-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-65-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-66">
<interp inst="t18951209-66" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-66" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-66-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-66-18951209 t18951209-66-offence-1 t18951209-66-verdict-1"/>
<p>66.
<persName id="def1-66-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-66-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-66-18951209" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-66-18951209" type="surname" value="DOUGALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-66-18951209" type="given" value="SAMUEL HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL HERBERT DOUGALL</hi> (48)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-66-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-66-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-66-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering an order for the payment of £35, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEYCESTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended at the request of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-75" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-75" type="surname" value="MONTMORENCY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-75" type="given" value="VISCOUNT FRANKFORT DE"/>VISCOUNT FRANKFORT DE MONTMORENCY</persName> </hi>. I am a Major General, Com
<lb/>manding the Forces in the Dublin District—during the whole of this year I have been signing documents that go through Kilmainham Hospital—I do not recognise the prisoner—I have an account at Cox's bank—I did not sign this cheque, or give any authority to sign it—I was looking over my pass-book, and found this entry, and I communicated with Cox's, and they sent me this cheque.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This cheque is simply signed "Frankfort"—that is how I generally sign cheques, and all army documents—it is not at all a good imitation of my signature; it resembles it in a sort of way—the forged cheque has "Frankfort," with "Major-General" under
<lb/>neath—I generally sign, "Frankfort, Major-General."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-76" type="surname" value="HENNEGHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-76" type="given" value="BERNARD"/>BERNARD HENNEGHAN</persName> </hi>. I am superintending clerk in the office of the Royal Hospital, Kilmainham—the prisoner was in employment there up to September 24th this year—on that day he was suspended, and subsequently discharged—during the early part of the year, and unti</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090012"/>
<p>September 24th, he was daily on duty there as a messenger—Colonel Childers had a room in the establishment; the prisoner had access to it—Colonel Childers is now called away on foreign service; he was Assistant Military Secretary—I have been in and out of his room; I have seen a cheque-book in the drawer, on the right hand side of his table as he sat there—I have seen the prisoner in and out of that room—I have frequently seen the prisoner write; I know his writing—this list "G" is in his writing,—I brought it from Dublin—in the middle of the list is the word Greenfield—I believe that the writing on this cheque and the endorsements on these bank notes" J. H. Greenfield, Ballymena," is in the prisoner's writing—the word Greenfield in this diary is in the same writing—all the writing in the diary is the prisoner's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This list would come into my hands in connection with my ordinary business in the hospital—the prisoner kept a list of all letters despatched by Lord Wolseley; this is part of the list—I know nothing of the prisoner's career before he came to the Hospital—I have seen Colonel Childers use his cheque-book—I cannot say that the cheque-book produced is the same one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-77" type="surname" value="HODGES"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-77" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM HODGES</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at Messrs. Cox and Co.'s Bank, Charing Cross—Lord Frankfort of Montmorency, and Mr. Childers and Mrs. Childers, are customers of ours—this cheque-book was issued in September, 1890, to Mrs. Childers—no cheque has been drawn according to this since November, 1890—four cheques and counterfoils are missing from the book—this forged cheque comes from this book—the forged cheque was produced to me on October 16th by a man—I cannot identify the prisoner—a month afterwards at the Police-court he was put among other persons for identification—I picked him out as a man of that build, but I could not speak positively to him—on October 16th the man took the cheque from his pocket, and on unfolding it he tore it—I asked him to stick it together, giving him a piece of gummed paper for the purpose, and to write "accidentally torn," and sign it, and he did so—I cashed the cheque by three £10 notes, KI 74333, 74334, 74335, and £5 in gold—I cashed the cheque about 2.30.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was an open cheque—it had been already endorsed in the name of Greenfield, which was unnecessary—I should have cashed it if it had not been endorsed—I have had several years' experience in writing, constantly having to examine signatures—it did not strike me that the endorsement and the body of the cheque were in the same writing; if it had, I should have had no option about paying it, it being payable to bearer—it might have occurred to me if I had noticed a resemblance that the "Frankfort" might be forged; but I considered the signature Frankfort was not in the ordinary writing of the person who wrote Greenfield—I think there is a similarity between the writings, but it did not strike me at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There are several letters that seem to be formed in the same way, and I should be very much surprised if the face and endorsement were not in the same hand—the body of the cheque is written in a feigned hand, I believe, and therefore it must be studied before you can see the similarity.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. Whoever got it cashed could have had all the money in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090013"/>
<p>gold—it is not usual to take such an amount all in gold—all our cheque
<lb/>books are made out with twenty-five and fifty cheques, and four have been torn out from the end of this.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-78" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-78" type="given" value="WILLIAM PERCY"/>WILLIAM PERCY LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier in the Bank of England Issue Department—these three £10 notes were cashed there on October 16th by me, about three o'clock, towards the close of the day, which is four o'clock—a man cashed them—I do not identify the prisoner—the man wrote his name and address on the back of the notes when requested to do so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We always require the endorsement, but a man pre
<lb/>senting a note for gold would not be bound to endorse it: if he refused to endorse it we should cash the note just the same—very few do refuse, and they do it more for a joke, I think.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-79" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-79" type="surname" value="TAPP"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-79" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE TAPP</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant in the boot department of the Civil Service Supply Association, Bedford Street—on October 16th, about five o'clock I made out this bill for boots and shoes for a man who was rather big; he gave me the address: Mrs. Dougall, 2, Liffey Street, Inchecore, Dublin—the boots and shoes were to be sent there—I put it on the bill.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I was asked if I could recognise the person on November 14th—I do not recognise the prisoner's features but he is about the same size as the man who bought the boots and shoes—I have hundreds of transactions daily, mostly with ladies.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This bill produced is the one I should give to the customer, who would take it—no invoice would be sent with the goods.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-80" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-80" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES RICHARDS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector C. I. D. Scotland Yard</hi>). About four o'clock on November 12th, I went with two sergeants of the Irish Police to the prisoner's house in Prosperous Village, Co. Kildare, with a warrant for his apprehension—we saw the prisoner—one of the sergeants said to him "Your name is Dougall"—the prisoner said "Yes"—the sergeant said "I arrest you on a warrant for forging and uttering a cheque"—the prisoner said "All right"—I said "Dougall, I am an Inspector from Scotland Yard, if you listen I will read the warrant to you"—I read the warrant—he made no reply—five minutes after, while I was searching the house, he said "Who is bringing the charge?"—I said "Messrs. Cox and Co.; it is for forging the signature of Lord Frankfort to a cheque"—he said, "All right"—I afterwards brought him to London—when charged at Bow Street, he made no reply—on searching his house I found this diary, this receipt for payment for shoes on the billhead of the Civil Service Supply Association, and this brown paper bag with seventeen sovereigns in it—at the Police-court I put him with eight others—from the diary a piece under the date October 17th is carefully cut out—I found letters at his house addressed to him at 2, Liffey Street, Inche
<lb/>core, Dublin, and dated October 22nd, 1895—the entry in the diary on October 16th is, "At home most of day, went into town and made a few small purchases; called in at the Institute and looked at the papers"—that part under the 17th which is not cut out is, "Attended Masonic Lodge in evening with Brother Shore; no business"—there is a note in the diary on October 25th, 1895, "Paid rent 3s., and gave notice to leave 2, Lifley Street on the following Friday."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found his papers showing that he had served twenty-one years seventeen days in the Army; he had reached the rank</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090014"/>
<p>of Quartermaster-Sergeant—his pension was 2s. 9d. a day, payable quarterly on and from January 1st—one quarter would be payable on October 1st; on October 3rd £12 11s. 1d. is entered in the diary as hav
<lb/>ing been received.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. P. LAWRENCE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This brown paper bag is identical with those we give out, but I am not prepared to say that I gave this to the prisoner—other bankers use bags of this sort—they are very com
<lb/>monly used for keeping gold in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-81" type="surname" value="GURRIN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-81" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY GURRIN</persName> </hi>. I am a professional expert in handwriting of 59, Holborn Viaduct—I have had before me this cheque, this list of names and addresses, the diary, and the bank-notes—I believe that all the writing on the cheque, the body, the signature, and the endorsement, is by the same person—I believe there is an attempt to imitate the signature of Lord Frankfort—it is an imperfect imitation—in my belief these writings are by the same person. (
<hi rend="italic">The witness pointed out various similarities.</hi>) I have had nearly twelve years' experience in comparing handwriting.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was consulted after the matter was before the magistrate, I believe—I know it was suggested that the cheque was forged—it may have been suggested that it had been forged by the writer of the other papers shown to me—it would have made no differ
<lb/>ence to me—I have frequently been consulted in criminal cases before, and appeared as a witness for the prosecution—sometimes juries have dis
<lb/>agreed with me, but not very often; I think in about three cases out of about 800 in eleven years, and it does not mean that in those three cases they meant to diametrically oppose me, because sometimes my evidence re
<lb/>quires corroboration—I have not changed my opinion with regard to those three cases.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18951209-66-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-66-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-66-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18951209-66-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-66-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-66-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-66-18951209 t18951209-66-punishment-19"/>
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi> on account of his previous good character.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">INSPECTOR RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that the case of another forged cheque was under consideration by the Irish Police. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated he should postpone sentence, in order that it might be ascertained if this was an isolated case against the prisoner.—Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-67">
<interp inst="t18951209-67" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-67" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-67-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-67-18951209 t18951209-67-offence-1 t18951209-67-verdict-1"/>
<p>67.
<persName id="def1-67-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-67-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-67-18951209" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-67-18951209" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-67-18951209" type="given" value="HUGH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUGH ALLEN</hi> (52)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-67-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-67-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-67-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-67-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-67-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-67-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully obtaining money by false pretences from various persons with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-67-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-67-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-67-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-67-18951209 t18951209-67-punishment-20"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, December</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-68">
<interp inst="t18951209-68" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-68" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-68-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-68-18951209 t18951209-68-offence-1 t18951209-68-verdict-1"/>
<p>68.
<persName id="def1-68-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-68-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-68-18951209" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-68-18951209" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR WILLIAMS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18951209-68-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-68-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-68-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-68-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-68-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-68-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing 12 1/2 yards of cloth of
<persName id="t18951209-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-84" type="surname" value="BURMISTER"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-84" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-68-offence-1 t18951209-name-84"/>Frederick Burmister</persName> and others, and to a previous conviction in September, 1893, in the name of
<persName id="t18951209-name-85">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-85" type="surname" value="HOWLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-85" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>William Howlett</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-68-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-68-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-68-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-68-18951209 t18951209-68-punishment-21"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-69">
<interp inst="t18951209-69" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-69" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-69-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-69-18951209 t18951209-69-offence-1 t18951209-69-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-69-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-69-18951209 t18951209-69-offence-1 t18951209-69-verdict-2"/>
<p>69.
<persName id="def1-69-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-69-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-69-18951209" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-69-18951209" type="surname" value="SCAIFE"/>
<interp inst="def1-69-18951209" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SCAIFE</hi> (33)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-69-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-69-18951209" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-69-18951209" type="surname" value="REEVES"/>
<interp inst="def2-69-18951209" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HANNAH REEVES</hi> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18951209-69-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-69-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-69-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pervertingJustice"/> unlawfully conspiring to prevent the due course of law and justice.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Reeves.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-88" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-88" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT HILL</persName> </hi>. I am a ticket collector in the employ of the London and North Western Railway Company at Willesden Junction; that is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090015"/>
<p>the station where all tickets are taken by trains coming south, not at Euston—in consequence of instructions I had previously received, on September 27th I kept careful watch of the trains coming from North
<lb/>ampton train leaving Northampton at 11.11 would arrive at Willesden at 12.23—I was on the platform when that train arrived; I was standing at the front portion of the train when it pulled up—as soon as it did so I went at once to a fire—class compartment to the next coach to the engine, to which a lavatory was attached—there was an inner door leading to that lavatory—I found no one in the compartment, or any luggage—I went to the door of the lavatory and knocked; I got no answer—I knocked again, and the door was opened about six inches, and I saw a gentleman there sitting on the seat of the closet; the upper flap was closed; that is solid—his dress was not disarranged, he had an overcoat on and had a bag by his side and an umbrella—on seeing the gentleman I begged his pardon, and closed the door—I did not go into any other compartment before the train left—I went just outside the compartment and waited outside—no person could leave the compartment without my knowledge—he train went on to Euston; no one got out—I got into the next compartment and went on to Euston—that would be about a twelve minutes' run—I there saw Scaife get out of the compartment—I recognised him at once as the same person I had seen in the lavatory—he went towards the exit of the station—I followed him—I was in uniform—he turned round, and asked me if I was the same man that knocked at the lavatory door at Willesden—I said, "Yes, sir. Have you got your ticket?"—he said, "No; take 9s. 4d. out of that," offering me a half-sovereign—9s. 4d. was the amount of a first-class fare between London and Northampton—I said "No; I cannot take your fare now. Will you come upstairs with me?"—that was the place where the Company's police have an office—Kynaston was the detective in charge there—in Scaife's presence I narrated the whole of the circumstances I have stated to Kynaston—from that time whatever conversation took place was between Kynaston and Scaife—when the train arrived at Willesden no one got out of the compartment before I got to it, nor did anyone get into it—I am quite sure no woman got out of the compartment.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Scaife.</hi> I could net tell you if, in my evidence at the Police-court on 11th October I stated that no lady got out—if I had been asked the question I should have answered—there are about twenty ticket-collectors at Willesden, but by this train there were about four or five—I was standing on the platform; I had not been stationed there ex
<lb/>pressly—I was waiting to see the train run in from Northampton—I should not enter the tickets; someone else would enter them—in col
<lb/>lecting, the collectors would take the front and rear of the train first, and work up to the centre—sometimes we collect more than 100 tickets—I did not collect any tickets from that train—the first coach was nearest the engine—there was another collector in front of me—the first coach stopped just opposite me—the two first compartments were locked, they are always kept locked—the lavatory was nearest the door on the left; as I got into the compartment—when I opened the door I saw you—I only said, "I beg your pardon"; I did not ask you for your ticket—when I got out I went into the next compartment and went on to Euston; there</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090016"/>
<p>you got out and walked four or five yards on, and you met some official and spoke to him; I don't know what you said to him or he to you; I did not warn you that anything you said would be given in evidence against you—when I saw Kynaston I referred you to him—I said, "This party was in the lavatory," and I told him the whole case; and you wanted him to take the money—you gave your business address—the bag you had was a small one, about nine or ten inches long; I don't know what it contained.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>. There is a train that leaves North
<lb/>ampton at 10.40 a.m. and arrives at Euston at 11.58; the next train leaves Northampton at 11.11; that arrives at Willesden at 12.23.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. NOBLE</hi>. I was not acting under instructions when I said, "I beg your pardon"; I had not received any instructions, I was acting on my own judgment.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-89" type="surname" value="KYNASTON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-89" type="given" value="HENRY SAMUEL"/>HENRY SAMUEL KYNASTON</persName> </hi>. I am a detective officer in the employ of the London and North Western Railway Company—we have an office at Euston—on September 27th I was in charge there about 12.45; Scaife was brought in by Hill who related to me what had happened—I then said to the prisoner, "You have heard what the collector has said, "he said, "Yes, that is perfectly true"—he took out of his pocket a half-sovereign and said, "Take 9s. 4d. out of that," putting it on the desk at which I was sitting—I told him I could not accept of it, as it had been refused by the collector—he replied, "Go on, take 9s. 4d. out of that"—I told him again I could not accept it; I then asked him for his name and address, which he gave as John Scaife, 7, Mincing Lane—I asked him for his private address, which he refused to give—I asked him if he had anything in his possession to show that that was his name and address—he then produced from his pocket a memorandum, with John Scaife, 7, Mincing Lane, on it, and when leaving the office he said, "I will see someone who will accept the fare"—he again asked me to accept it, which I refused—I immediately communi
<lb/>cated with the officials at Northampton Station by telegraph—on Monday, November 11th, upon instructions, I went to 42, Mount Place, Burdett Road, Deptiord, about 12, and watched the house—at 12.30 I saw Scaife leave that house—I had been in Court when Reeves gave her address as 42, St. Paul's Road, and also the address of the Isle of Man—on December 5th I was present when the lad Woodhouse was examined, I heard him give the address of a photographer, Mr. Wright, 81, High Street, Whitechapel—I went there about 1.20, and saw the manager; I made a communication to him, and he handed me this negative—after that I kept watch on the shop, and about 2.20 I saw Mrs. Reeves with two other females and two males, at that shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Scaife.</hi> On December 27th you did not say under protest, where you slept last night—you did not say you had taken the ticket at Northampton—I did not tell you that anything you said would be used in evidence against you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>, I could not say that the party went into the photographer's shop on December 5th, I saw them leave; they came into the shop—I could not swear that they came out of the shop—two of the women came out, not three—one of the men also came out of the shop—Mrs. Reeves was one of the two women—one woman was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090017"/>
<p>outside; she remained outside—I am quite certain that Reeves was one who came out—the man that came out was a person I had seen come on that morning; he had on a tall hat and wore a moustache, otherwise clean shaved; he was a fair man; as far as I know he had nothing to do with Mr. Palmer—the women were under my observation about twenty minutes altogether—they remained outside for some time, and then went on; they did not go away together, they parted—the two men left, and the females proceeded by themselves.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was at the Marylebone Police-court on every occasion—I saw Reeves there as a witness for the defence—I saw him in the dock—I had seen Reeves about the Court that day—I knew her perfectly well—I had seen the man I have spoken of in company with Reeves' sister and a person outside the Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-90" type="surname" value="LATIMER"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-90" type="given" value="JOHN FREEMAN"/>JOHN FREEMAN LATIMER</persName> </hi>. I am manager to William Wright, a pho
<lb/>tographer of 81, High Street, Whitechapel Road—I remember Scaife coming there on 10th October—he showed me a railway ticket, it was a return half from London to Northampton—I did not make a note of the date of it, but I have the negative in my pocket which shows me the date—he asked me if I could make him a copy, and do it at once as it was for a legal purpose—I called my photographer down, and I went on with the work and got a copy of his ticket—it looked like a half-ticket—he gave me his name as Scaife—he paid eighteen-pence for it and took it away the following morning—I entered the order at the time—about eleven on December 5th Kynaston came, and I gave him the negative—shortly afterwards, two ladies came, I fancy the lady in the dock is one of them, she was accompanied by a gentleman—the gentleman came in first and the lady followed—the gentleman just started to explain who he was—he said he was Freke Palmer, or that he came from Freke Palmer, I do not recollect which; he asked me if I recollected photographing this railway ticket—I said "Yes."—he said "I have come for the negative"—I said "You are too late, I have just given it to a gentleman an hour ago, I can show you a duplicate negative"—I showed it to him—I had taken two negatives in case of one being bad—he said it did not matter, and they went away—I heard him remark to the ladies "It does not matter much."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Scaife.</hi> There was no concealment in your approach
<lb/>ing me and asking me to photograph the ticket. I have had no occasion to recollect what the ticket was for, since December 5th—I remember remarking to you "How very strange, this is my native town North
<lb/>ampton." I think I could swear that it was a ticket from Northampton to London—I had not forgotten it until Pearson came—I would not swear it was not a ticket from Euston to Northampton—I photographed the back of it, not the front, I read the ticket—the back was a plain ticket with a date on it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>. I think the man who came for the negative said "I have come from Mr. Freke Palmer for it—I had never seen the two women or the man before—they were there for five or six minutes—I say I fancy the prisoner Reeves was one of the women; that is as far as I can go.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-91" type="surname" value="WITHERINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-91" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WITHERINGTON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to the Magistrate sitting at Marylebone Police Court—I took this note, with the exception of about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090018"/>
<p>ten lines taken by my colleague, Mr. Tate, the chief clerk, of the evidence given by the defendant, Hannah Reeves, on October 25th, on the hearing of a summons against John Scaife for travelling on the railway without a ticket—I know Mr. Tate's writing—she gave her address as Douglas, Isle of Man—"On September 26th I went to Northampton on business. I came back on the next day with the defendant (Scaife). I went down with my sister. I stayed at the Temperance Hotel, and the defendant at the Black Boy. I saw him there, and he complained about his health. It was arranged that we should return together the next day. Mr. Scaife took the tickets; he went to the booking-office and returned. He handed me my ticket, and went back to the ticket-office again. I returned with him to London, accompanied by another lady. Willesden was, I think, the first stop. The defendant got out with me there to see me into a cab. Before we got to Willesden the defendant gave me a ticket, and I returned it, because it was not the one I required. It was a return, and mine was a single. He gave me then a single ticket. At Willesden he gave it to the ticket collector, and gave his up too. After seeing me into a cab he went into the station. On the way he went into the lavatory.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined:</hi> I had to be on the platform at 10.30; the train was before eleven, between 10.30 and eleven. I swear I travelled by that train with the defendant. I did not see the number of the ticket; I believe it was dated September 27th. I saw the defendant taking it to the ticket collector; he said he was going to see me into a cab. I generally travel first class. The defendant took the ticket. I did not pay him for it. He paid my fare down and my sister's. We travelled first class.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined:</hi> I went down to Northampton to buy a business of which the defendant was the liquidator"—on October 11th and 25th Horace Woodhouse or Woodward was examined—on the 11th he said, "I am the defendant's clerk. On September 27th the defendant came in and showed me half a return ticket"—on the 25th he was cross-examined and said, "At two o'clock in the afternoon the defendant came to the office and said he expected some bother, and asked me to notice the number and date of the ticket. I swear it was the 27th; the number was 3617. I made a note, now produced, at the time of the particulars of the ticket. I saw Inspector Pearson on the Monday or Tuesday after the 27th. I did not tell him my employer had not been at his office on the 27th. Pearson did not, I think, ask me had he been there on the 27th. I am sure he did not. The defendant was at his office from 2 o'clock till 2.30 on the afternoon of the 27th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined:</hi> This is. a photograph of the half-ticket the defendant showed me. The defendant told me to take particular note of the day, and told me what occurred at Euston and Willesden"—I did not see where this note came from; these are the Magistrate's initials, and the document was referred to in the evidence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Scaife.</hi> When Reeves said, "On the way he went into the lavatory" I should say that did not mean on the way from Northampton to London—I remember my notes clearly, and the connec
<lb/>tion in which the words were used does not quite bear that out; she de
<lb/>scribes your escorting her to a cab at Willesden, and in that connection she says you went into the lavatory on the way, so that she must have meant it was on the way from the train at Willesden to the exit—as far</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090019"/>
<p>as I remember she said nothing about the lavatory of the railway carriage.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-92" type="surname" value="KULOW"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-92" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK KULOW</persName> </hi>. I am usher at the Marylebone Police-court—it is my duty to administer the oath to witnesses—on October 25th Mr. Curtis Bennett was sitting there as Magistrate—I remember perfectly well the summons against Scaife for travelling without a ticket—I remem
<lb/>ber Hannah Reeves coming up on October 25th to give evidence—I ad
<lb/>ministered the oath to her in the Magistrate's presence, and she then gave her evidence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-93" type="surname" value="STANNION"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-93" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS STANNION</persName> </hi>. I am a booking clerk to the London and North Western Railway Company at Northampton—on September 27th I was on duty from 6 a.m. till 4.37 p.m.—as tickets are issued I record the number of the first ticket for each train on a slate by my side, and then I record the first and last numbers for that particular train in the book—with each train I begin a fresh number on the slate—I end my entries for the day at 3.37 p.m., and any tickets issued after 3.37 are re
<lb/>corded in the book as of the following day—I was issuing tickets on September 27th, between 4 and 4.37 p.m.—I find by this book that between 4.5 and 4.37, a first-class return ticket, No. 3,617, was issued from Northampton to Euston and back—the date would be upon the back, "
<hi rend="largeCaps">SE</hi>., 27, 95," as shown in this photograph—no first-class single tickets were issued from Northampton to Willesden or Euston on September 27th—no other first-class return ticket from Northampton to Euston was issued on that day except No. 3,617, which was the only first-class ticket issued to London on that day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Scaife.</hi> Except this book I have no means of con
<lb/>firming my statement as to when a ticket was issued; but I have also the summary, showing the total number of tickets—the tickets are kept in tubes; when we take one out the next one is brought forth—no one is allowed in the booking office except the clerks on duty, and those who come in for business purposes—newspaper boys might come there for change—a newspaper boy would not be allowed to go anywhere near the tickets—if he were to push a ticket in there would be the record on the slate, and we should see it after the train had gone—the booking office is about half the size of this court—we do not issue tickets before six a.m., only for excursion trains—there is nothing on the ticket, except the number, to indicate what time of day it was issued—the numbers are consecutive—each clerk has a particular mark—my fellow clerk's mark is a straight bar; my mark is a cross—at the first-class press probably my mark would be a bar, as the first class press is occasionally not altered—two other clerks were on duty that day—I issued all the first and second class tickets to London between 6 and 4.37 that day; when the other clerks were on no other first or second class tickets were issued—I was booking with two marks that day, I think, because the mark of the first class press is of ten not altered; there are so few tickets issued at it—we alter the date over-night; the mark is altered as we go off and on duty—I went off duty at 9.20 for breakfast, and then I altered my mark at the third class press; when I came back at 10.15 I altered my mark again at whatever press I was booking at—my mark was a cross all day—I should not say all the first and second class tickets I issued were</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090020"/>
<p>marked with a cross, all the third class tickets were—ticket 3,617 was marked with either a bar or a cross.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The tickets are sent to us in a tube, with consecutive numbers, and one ticket comes out at a time—if they were tampered with by boys we could tell directly we began to make up the figures.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-94" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-94" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a ticket collector on the London and North Western Railway Company at Northampton Station—on September 27th I was on duty from 10.30 a.m. till 10.30 p.m.—at that time I knew Scaife quite well by sight; I had frequently seen him at Northampton Station—about the middle of the day I received instructions from my stationmaster, in consequence of which I kept special watch at the exit door—a train left Euston at 2.45 and was timed to arrive at Northampton at 4.17; it arrived about that time—I saw Scaife coming from that train towards my exit gate—he gave up a single third class ticket from London to Northampton and passed through the exit door—I did not see which way he went then.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Scaife.</hi> I did not know your name then—I don't remember the date I first gave evidence—I went several times to the Police-court—I think I did not give evidence when you were charged with travel
<lb/>ling without paying your fare—I received instructions to keep watch about mid-day on 27th by this telegram from Euston before you arrived:—"John Scaife detected travelling without ticket from Northampton 11.11 to-day May tender fare at Northampton Have staff instructed not to collect Clear case"—no fare was tendered—I went to dinner that day about two o'clock and returned at three—I have no memory of anyone pointing you out to me on November 2nd—I have a defective memory at times, perhaps; I should not call it a bad memory—a great number of persons pass me in a day—I remember taking from you a single third-class ticket from Euston to Northampton—I do not produce it—I was not asked to report whether any ticket from Euston had been given up that day—when I was told your name I told what I knew of the case, and of your giving up the ticket to me—I did not know you by name at the time—I found out what your name was before I spoke of that ticket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-95" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-95" type="surname" value="DOWNING"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-95" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN DOWNING</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Downing, the land
<lb/>lord of the Black Boy Hotel, Northampton—Scaife has been in the habit for some time previous and subsequent to September 27th of staying at our hotel—I keep this book, which has counterfoils showing what each account is for and the amount—I remember Scaife being at the hotel in September—I find an entry, in my writing, in this book on September 26th of John Scaife, and on the 27th, there are charges against him for breakfast and tea—the tea item is 1s. 6d., which would be for tea, bread and butter, and cold meat or eggs, a meal—that would not be at eleven a. m.; I could not say the time—he was charged for bed on the 26th and then breakfast and tea on the 27th—he did not sleep there that night, the Friday—he had breakfast, and then, so far as I can tell, he came back and had tea at some time in the afternoon, but did not sleep that night, according to my book—he did not sleep there again till 5th October; the bill was still running—on 16th October he settled the bill, which con
<lb/>tained the charge of 1s. 6d. for tea on September 27th—he made no demur to that charge that I am aware of—he paid my daughter—I should have heard if anything was wrong—the bill was paid.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090021"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Scaife.</hi> The bill came to £2 0s. 6d.—I received your cheque for £2; I should not ask you for the 6d.—I never heard of 1s. 6d. being scored out of the bill and 1s. refunded; I should have known if anything was deducted—I do not know that you were then suffering from dysentery—you might have been supplied with port wine and cinnamon; I don't know—it would be supplied in the bar, and paid for at the time—what I have charged is right, according to my book—we have an
<hi rend="italic">ordinary</hi> at our hotel on Saturday at noon, and people pay for that in cash, unless they wish it booked—you had breakfast on the 27th between eight and nine, as near as I can say—I remember your bringing two ladies, and asking if they could have beds, and I said no; I had no accommodation for ladies—I don't know when that was—I did not see the ladies' faces—this is the first I have heard of any deduction being made from your bill—I believe one of my daughters brought me the cheque; I should not have asked you for sixpence if you gave me a cheque for £2.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">here stated that Reeves had placed herself in the hands of her Counsel, and that with his advice she would</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-96" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-96" type="surname" value="GUILTY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-96" type="given" value="PLEAD"/>PLEAD GUILTY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">in the tearing of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to the Indictment.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-97" type="surname" value="GRUNNIER"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-97" type="given" value="GEORGE HOLLAND"/>GEORGE HOLLAND GRUNNIER</persName> </hi>. I am a chief clerk in the audit office of the London and North Western Railway Company at Euston—I produce a list of the tickets collected at Willesden Junction for Euston on September 27, 1895—in that list I find no 3, 617 from Northampton to Euston—if such a ticket had been collected it would appear in this list—the collectors have to send up to the audit office all tickets collected, on the day after collection.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> If the ticket were lost I should have no entry of it—tickets go astray.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-98" type="surname" value="HOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-98" type="given" value="GEORGE COLLIS"/>GEORGE COLLIS HOUSE</persName> </hi>. I am a ticket collector at Willesden Junction—I make out a list of return halves collected each day—I made such a list of tickets collected on September 27th—I find no return half of ticket 3, 617 from Northampton to Euston—the lists I make out bear the number in each case.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-99" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-99" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KING</persName> </hi>. I am a ticket collector at the main exit Willesden—on September 27th I was on duty there from 6 a.m. to 3 p.m.—I do not recollect seeing Scaife pass through that exit during that time—if any
<lb/>body passed through the exit with a ticket for Euston for the purpose of seeing somebody out with luggage, or anything of that kind, I should nip the ticket, and allow it to be retained; and then they could come back and resume the journey to Euston with the same ticket, but it would be nipped—I do not recollect nipping any ticket in that way on September 27th, or any one going through with a request to return after seeing a lady out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I should not say I should keep the ticket till they came back; I have never done such a thing—may be 300 or 400 people pass me during the time I am on duty—I have no recollection of a ticket being passed to me, and my retaining it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-100" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-100" type="given" value="JAMES HENRY"/>JAMES HENRY PEARSON</persName> </hi>. I am a detective inspector of the London and North Western Railway Company—about mid-day on September 27th, Kynaston brought this matter to my knowledge—on the 28th I caused the telegram to be sent to Northampton—previous to the 27th, instructions</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090022"/>
<p>had been given to the company's officials to keep a watch—on September 28th, about 11.30, I went to 7, Mincing Lane, where there are offices on several floors—I did not find the name Scaife up—on the glass of a door on the third floor, I found the words, "The Co-operative Wholesale Drug Company" and "The Guelph Manufacturing Company, Northamp
<lb/>ton"—I went in; the only person there was Woodhouse—I had a conversation with him, and made an appointment to call again on 30th September—I then called about twelve and saw both Scaife and Woodhouse—I said to Scaife, "Are you Mr. Scaife?"—he said, "Yes" I said, "I am Inspector Pearson, from the London and North Western Railway Company, and I have called to see you in reference to a journey you made last Friday by the 11.11 a.m. train from Northampton; and I want to know what explanation you have to give for being found secreted in a first-class lavatory while the tickets were being collected at Willesden"—he said, "I decline to say; the matter is in the hands of my solicitors"—I said, "Very well, you only gave your business address, at Euston, I now ask you to furnish me with your private address"—he said, "I shall not do so"—I said, "Then we shall take proceedings against you"—he said, "Very well; I will accept service of the summons here; if I wanted to defraud the company I could have given up the return half of a first-class Willesden to Euston ticket which I had taken the previous day; and which I had in my possession; the collector at Willesden would not be in a position to say that I had not joined, the train at Willesden"—I said, "He would be; he was specially watching the train, and saw it stop, and at once went to the compartment of the lavatory in which you were hid"—a summons was taken out on my information against him, and he answered to it on the 11th October—I was present during the proceedings at the Police-court, and heard the result, and then I swore another information, and process was granted—on November 11th I went with Parsons to 7, Mincing Lane—Parsons went in first; and a few minutes after I went in—I said, "Good morning," Mr. Scaife"—Parsons said, "You are Mr. Scaife"—Scaife said, "Yes"—Parsons said, "I have a summons to serve on you for conspiracy to defraud the London and North Western Railway Company"—Scaife said, "Very well; I am taking an action against the company for malicious prosecution, and they are taking these steps against me in consequence"—I said, "Has your clerk Woodhouse been here this morning?"—he said, "No"—I said, "When do you expect him?"—he said, "This afternoon"—just at that moment Woodhouse came into the office—I said to Parsons, "This is Woodhouse"—Parsons said, "I have a warrant for your arrest," and he read it to him—Woodhouse said nothing in reply—Scaife said, "My advice to you is to say nothing to these officers; keep your own counsel"—when we were taking Wood-house away he repeated that advice—he made no answer to the charge at the Police-court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My object in going to your office was not to make evidence—I did not caution you that what you said might be evidence against you—I wanted to know what you had to say in explanation—I did not say I wanted a private conversation with you, or ask you to come and talk to me quietly—I mid you had been found hid in a lavatory of a first class compartment at Willesden with your luggage, your bag and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090023"/>
<p>umbrella—you responded to the summons I left—I have seen Wood-house many times.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-101" type="surname" value="PARSONS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-101" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD PARSONS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant S</hi>). I went to 7, Mincing Lane on November 11th, with Pearson—I went into the office first—I saw Scaife, whom I did not know at that time, and I said to him, "Can I see Mr. Scaife?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Is he in?"—after some hesitation, he said, "Yes"—I said, "Where is he? I am a police-officer and wish to see him"—he hesitated for some time; then Pearson came in and said, "How are you, Mr. Scaife?"—I said, "Oh, you are Mr. Scaife"—up to that time, some three or four minutes, he had not given me the informa
<lb/>tion that he was Scaife—I remained during the conversation between Pearson and Scaife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had the impression that if Pearson had not come in you would have denied your identity—the clerk was not there—I served a summons on you; you appeared in Court to it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-102" type="surname" value="WOODHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-102" type="given" value="HORACE"/>HORACE WOODHOUSE</persName> </hi>. I was eighteen last August—I live with my father at 14, Addington Road, Bow; he is engaged in the Government service—I had been almost three years in a solicitor's office, and a few months in a well-known firm of auctioneers, and then I entered Scaife's service as a clerk, after a conversation with him—I attended at the office, 7, Mincing Lane—I am not sure if the prisoner was there on September 26th—I did not see him at the office in Mincing Lane on September 27th, 1895—he did not show me any ticket on that day; I had no conversation with him on that day—on Saturday, September 28th, Inspector Pearson had a short conversation with me at the office—Scaife was not there on that day—an appointment was made for Pearson to come on Monday, September 30th—before he came on the Monday, Scaife came into the office, and I told him, in effect, what Pearson had said to me on the 28th, and that an appointment had been made for that morning—Scaife said if the railway company brought an action against him he would sue them for false or malicious prosecution—that they were going to prosecute him for unlawfully travelling, but it was all
<hi rend="italic">rot</hi>—shortly after Pearson arrived and spoke to Scaife—I heard what passed—then I went out; I got my mid-day refreshment at 1.30, and returned at two o'clock—shortly after Scaife came in and showed me the return half of a first-class ticket from Euston to Northampton—he told me to take par
<lb/>ticular notice of it, and make a note of it as to the date, and make a facsimile copy of it altogether; he said I might be called on as a witness—I made a copy of it—that copy got some ink on it and I copied from that this other copy—it is an exact copy of the other which I made after the prisoner's directions—this is the piece of paper I had in my hat at the Police-court when I gave evidence the second time—the Magistrate ordered me to hand this piece of paper to him—I remember the summons being served on Scaife for travelling without a ticket, calling on him to appear at the Police-court on October 11th; it was served on me by a boy four or five days after that, and I gave it to the prisoner—he said he did not think it was legal; that it was not to be served personally—on October 10th, the day before the summons came on, he said to me at the office that I might be called on as a witness to-morrow for him, and he asked me whether I had this piece of paper, upon which I took a copy of the ticket—I told him I had—he said, "Be</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090024"/>
<p>ready to produce it at the Court"—I attended at Marylebone Police-court on the 11th, something before two o'clock—Scaife was outside there, and told me that the right date, when I saw the ticket, was the date of issue, September 27th, and when I was in the witness-box I was to stick to that date; and he impressed on me that was the right date—I made some such observation as that I did not think 27th was the date—he said, "Yes it was; don't you recollect that it was before Inspector Pearson called that you saw that ticket? For goodness sake, give the right date when you are in the box"—I went into the box on the 11th and gave the evidence which has been read—after that, on 17th, the day before the remand, and on 24th, the day before I was recalled, he impressed on me that was the date, and that I was to stick to it—he suggested it was 2 p.m. on 27th that I had seen the ticket—on Monday, September 30th, a railway ticket was shown to me; it was the return half of a ticket such as a person would have who had taken a return ticket from Northampton to London and had given up one half at Willesden—I think about five days after he had shown me the ticket he asked me whether I knew a small photographer, and told him I did, and gave him the name of Wright, Whitechapel Road, who has been called; I knew the place—he said he would get his ticket photographed—on 25th I was re
<lb/>called, and gave the evidence which has been read—I was charged with com
<lb/>mitting perjury, and after that I made a statement to my solicitor without any communication from the London and North Western Railway Com
<lb/>pany, and in consequence of that I was called at the last hearing on December 5th, and examined by you at the Police-court on another charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not after my liberation on bail tell my father's solicitor that I believed all the evidence I had given to be true—I suggested to my father that I had made a mistake in the witness-box, but I knew I had not committed perjury; and that I knew I had not seen the ticket on September 27th—I took no trouble before I was liberated to verify the date, afterwards I did—I made inquiries, and was satisfied it was not on the 27th that I was shown this ticket—I do not say that the evidence I gave on October 11th and 25th was perjury, but that I made a mistake in what I said—with the exception of whether it was 27th or 30th, all the evidence I gave was absolutely true—I have verified the date since my liberation—I have only had casual conversations with Pearson since then—he did not say that if I gave evidence against you they would let me off or anything of the kind—I had my hat on when I came into the office on November 11th, when Pearson was there—my pen was not behind my ear—Pearson was not positive I had my pen behind my ear, he said he thought—I told a friend of mine on September 27th that you were not at the office on that day—I went to lunch about 1.30 on the 27th—when I returned I did not find the letters on your desk opened; I did on another day—if I knew you would not be there I should forward your letters to Northampton—I am not sure that on the Saturday I received a telegram from North
<lb/>ampton, asking me to meet you at Euston, but on another day I did—I told Pearson that you were sure to be there on the Monday, September 30th, and if he could be there at 11 a.m. it would be about the best time to see you—on the Monday I told you what Pearson had said when he called—it was not suggested to me that I should commit wilful perjury,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090025"/>
<p>but it was suggested that I should mention that date, which was wrong.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Pearson asked me on the 28th whether the prisoner had been at the office the day before, and I said, "He was not at the office on that day"—that was before the prisoner spoke to me about the date of the ticket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner.</hi> I think I said I did not think I told Pearson my employer had not been to the office on the 27th, because I knew it would be an impossibility, if I saw the ticket on the day of issue, 27th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence, stated that on September</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th he went to Northampton with Reeves and her sister; that he returned the next morning at</hi> 10.40,
<hi rend="italic">and he took a first-class return-ticket, No.</hi> 3617,
<hi rend="italic">as he had to return on the Saturday; that he saw Reeves out of the train at Willesden, and gave up his ticket; that he then rejoined the train, and seeing the ticket collector at the next carriage, put up the return half ticket, which he had taken on the</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th from Willesden to Huston, in the window, and went into the lavatory, as he was suffering from dysentery; and that he was in London on the</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th, and he denied conspiring with Reeves and Woodhouse to give false evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SCAIFE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-69-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-69-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-69-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REEVES</hi>
<rs id="t18951209-69-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-69-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-69-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">but recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">as they considered she had been Scaife's dupe and tool.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against Scaife for suborning Woodhouse to commit perjury, which was not proceeded with. Scaife had been convicted in April</hi>, 1883,
<hi rend="italic">at Liverpool, of attempting to obtain money by false pretences, and sentenced to Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SCAIFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-69-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-69-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-69-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-69-18951209 t18951209-69-punishment-22"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REEVES</hi>
<rs id="t18951209-69-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-69-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-69-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-69-18951209 t18951209-69-punishment-23"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on Recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-70">
<interp inst="t18951209-70" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-70" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-70-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-70-18951209 t18951209-70-offence-1 t18951209-70-verdict-1"/>
<p>70.
<persName id="def1-70-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-70-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-70-18951209" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-70-18951209" type="surname" value="CADMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-70-18951209" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HENRY CADMAN</hi> (54)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18951209-70-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-70-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-70-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> for feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18951209-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-104" type="surname" value="HODGETTS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-104" type="given" value="BEATRICE CAROLINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-70-offence-1 t18951209-name-104"/>Beatrice Caroline Hodgetts</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-105" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-105" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>MR. CHARLES MATHEWS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. NOBLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-106" type="surname" value="GUILNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-106" type="given" value="SIDNEY JAMES"/>SIDNEY JAMES GUILNETT</persName> </hi>. I am Deputy-Superintendent Registrar of Marriages for Manchester—I produce the register containing the original entries of marriages at St. John's Church, Manchester, of 1870—under entry 164, of 2nd March, 1870, I find a certificate of the solemnisation of a marriage between William Henry Cadman and Ellen Pemberton; it purports to be signed by both those persons, and by two witnesses and the officiating clergyman; he has been dead five or seven years—this is an exact copy of the original entry.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The names of the two witnesses are James and Sarah Appleyard.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-107" type="surname" value="KINDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-107" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH KINDELL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Kindell, cotton manu
<lb/>facturer, of 10, New Barnes Street, Manchester—my maiden name was Pemberton—I am the sister of Mary Ellen Pemberton, who married the prisoner—I have known him many years—prior to the marriage he kept company with my sister Mary—I was not present at the marriage—I used to visit them after the marriage—I saw them at the house, living as</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090026"/>
<p>man and wife—nine children were born of the marriage—she had seven living when he deserted her; five are now living—they had been married a good many years—after he deserted her he came back, and then went away again altogether—the signature of "William Henry Cadman" on this certificate is his hand-writing; I know it; I have seen him write, and the signature, "Mary Ellen Pemberton," is my sister's—I was with my sister on October 27th, when she received this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), it is the prisoner's writing—my sister is still living in Manchester, where she has lived since her marriage.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She was not married from home; she was married from Manchester—the prisoner was a very kind father—I have not had any letters from him for a long time; he always wrote a back hand; in the register it is slanting, but I swear it is his writing—I have had letters from him, through my father.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-108" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-108" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA SMITH</persName> </hi>. That is not my name—I will write my name down on paper for my Lord's information (
<hi rend="italic">it was handed to his Lordship</hi>)—I have known the prisoner about fifteen years—I was single when I first met him—I was then employed in the Post Office at Manchester—he did not tell me what his business was—I understood he was a commercial traveller—he used to come into the office for telegrams—some years After that I walked out with him; that was about the Jubilee year, at the time of the Manchester Exhibition; I walked out with him for about two or three years before any intimacy took place between us—he used to come home, and pay me great attention—my mother, of course, thought his intentions were honourable—he did not say whether he was single or married; of course I thought he was single—nothing much was said about marriage before the intimacy—of course, he asked me to make arrangements to get married, and he gave me the money to get the licence, and he also bought a wedding ring—I got the licence, it was a special licence; at least, Mr. Hewlett, of Brunswick Street, got it in London—I paid £2 10s. for it—the licence was to be got in three days, and the marriage was to be any day afterwards; it did not take place; it was kept being put off by the prisoner—he gave me no reason for it—he said his business was abroad, and he thought it had better be done abroad—he said he was going to Brussels, and he sent for me to come to London, and, of course, I came, and he made arrangements to go to Brussels, and then he thought it had better be in London—I stayed in Brussels till September 26th, 1888; it did not take place in Brussels, he said it had better be in Paris—I went to Paris on September 26th—he was there for a day—it did not take place in Paris; he said he had no time—in Brussels I heard something, in consequence of which I asked him, Was it true that he was a married man?—he said, Yes, it was true, but we could be married in Paris; he did not think it would make any difference; we could be legally married there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I went to Paris with the object of being married there; then, when we got there, he only stopped a day or so, and then he went away, and remained away for some time—he told me one morning that his wife was in a madhouse or a lunatic asylum, and perhaps would be dying any day, and if she did so he would make the wrong right—he said nothing about staying away—I always thought he was coming back, but he did not—I had no money at the time—I had to apply to the English</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090027"/>
<p>Consul for money to bring me home—I came to London—I met the prisoner in London, and he sent me home to my father at Manchester—he afterwards came to my father's house—I had to write and tell father I was married; the prisoner told me to do so, and he afterwards came to father's house as my supposed husband; he stayed, perhaps, a day or two, and then went away, but he came back again in March, 1889—a baby was born; he will be seven next year—I afterwards had another boy; they are both living—my father taxed him with being a married man after my eldest boy was born, and said he should not allow him to be there, and then he said he should leave England altogether—my father has been dead five years—after his death I went to live with friends—I sometimes met the prisoner in town—sometimes he would send me something when he had it; sometimes ten shillings, sometimes a sovereign—the last time I saw him in Man
<lb/>chester, was three years ago come next January; I then had a second boy by him—he took me to the pantomime, and said he would try and come back again, if he could, in June—I had a letter from him—he would then send me about five or ten shillings a week—on June 23rd he sent me money—I have not seen or heard anything of him since—I had £125 in Consoli
<lb/>dated Bank shares and Lancashire Insurance shares, and he took them; I did not give them to him—I have got the money through my brother—he got it transferred from my name to his, but I think the prisoner had mortgaged the certificates—I have had no money from him since June, 1893.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> About fifteen years ago I was in the employ of a Mr. Bailey—he never told me that the prisoner was married—I did not know that his wife and family lived in Manchester—he did not make any definite proposal of marriage then, not in so many words; it was under
<lb/>stood so; he always came over and took me out, and intended honourably—the £5 was given to obtain a marriage licence, not for any other, pur
<lb/>pose—when I went to Brussels it was not to take charge of the prisoner's exhibits there—he asked me to look after his interests there while he was away—I went there, thinking to be married—he had not promised to get me employment, I was engaged in the Post Office at the time—I went to Paris to get married and to look after his business there, and in other places; it was not a business arrangement—he treated me very kindly, he put me into a shop; that was to get my money, and that was how I lost it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have come here with the full consent of my husband, who has taken me and my children.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-109" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-109" type="surname" value="HODGETTS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-109" type="given" value="BEATRICE CAROLINE"/>BEATRICE CAROLINE HODGETTS</persName> </hi>. I live near Rye. In 1886 I first met the prisoner. I was living with my mother at that time, at East Dulwich—he continued to visit me there, and in July, 1887, he proposed marriage to me; it was to take place either that year or the next—in 1888 it was fixed for July or August that year; something happened to postpone it. but the engagement continued down to June, 1889—he told me that his business was principally in Brussels, and the marriage was to be there—my mother did not approve of that, but in the end she gave way—at the end of August, 1889, I went to Brussels, my mother being already there, and on September 4th I went through the ceremony of marriage with the prisoner, before the Mayor; there were witnesses to the marriage—I handed in a certificate of domicile as requested, stating</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090028"/>
<p>how long we had both been in Brussels—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the prisoner described himself as born in Manchester on February 15th, 1845, and described himself as a bachelor, and myself as single—after the marriage we went to stay at Ostend for a few days, and then came back to England—we remained here till about the 12th of October that year; then we went over to Paris, where he had a business, and we remained there down to September 1891—while there, he was very often going to England—my mother was with me in Paris; she died on September 27th, 1891; she had an income of her own—she made her will in my favour, leaving all to me—before her death she made a deed of assignment of her property to me; upon that I raised a mortgage, and I afterwards sold the reversion; the prisoner had the bene
<lb/>fit of that—he had everything; I don't think I had more than between £400 and £500—we first had a mortgage of £2,000, that was taken up, and then some more money. I think he had between £3,000 and £4,000 before my mother's death; there was not a farthing left when she died; she had an annuity that died with her. The prisoner was in London at the time of her death. I telegraphed to him and he came over, but not in time for the funeral; he stayed two or three days and then went back, leaving me alone—he sent me a little money from time to time, about £20 in all, until February, 1892—I did not see him at all before I came to London; the landlord would not let me stay there as I could not pay the rent—in London I met the prisoner by chance in the street; he did not know that I was coming—he then told me to take a room somewhere. I did, and he came and stayed with me two days—then he said he had to go to Man
<lb/>chester on important business, and I never saw him again till this year—I had letters from him, the last time was at the beginning of July, 1892—between those dates I made a discovery, in consequence of which I could not do anything. I had no money—in May, 1895, I was told he
<hi rend="italic">could</hi> be found, and I laid an information and gave him in charge—I gave evidence before the Magistrate at Clerkenwell, and he was remanded on bail for a week; he then went away and was afterwards re-arrested in Manchester.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Before our engagement my mother invited the prisoner to come and stay there—we were not in financial difficulties at that time; We were not wanting money very badly—my mother had not quarrelled with her trustees' solicitors—they did not suggest that if I were to marry they would advance money to her—a Mr. L. came and told me that the prisoner was married; that was a year before our marriage—I spoke to the prisoner about it; he denied it—I knew a Mr. Daley—he was not a solicitor; he was clerk to a solicitor—he did not ad
<lb/>vise me to go through the ceremony at Brussels, which was worthless.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I was told this about the prisoner I wrote to him at Brussels to come back—he never replied—I was naturally angry—ray mother became ill; she was very much infatuated with the prisoner, very fond of him, because he said he was just about the same age as a son of hers who had died in December, 1888—while the prisoner was away we heard from a friend that he had come back to London, and my mother begged me to go and see him, and if he was not married to make it up again—he came back with me, and took his most solemn oath that he was never married to the woman, that he had lived with her, and had two children by her, but he would never have anything more to do</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090029"/>
<p>with her—I certainly believed him, and we made it up, and he did come back—at the time I went through the ceremony of marriage I believed that I was being legally married; we could not go through the ceremony without complying with all the legal formulas.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-110" type="surname" value="HOLDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-110" type="given" value="JULIUS"/>JULIUS HOLDEN</persName> </hi>. I am Chief of the Civil Office at Brussels—I pro
<lb/>duce a certified copy of a marriage solemnized on September 4th, 1889, between William Henry Cadman, bachelor, and Beatrice Caroline Hodgetts, spinster, at the Hotel de Ville, Brussels—it is also certified by the English Legation at Brussels—I also produce two certificates of domicile, given by the police authorities of Brussels to the same parties, also a book which was delivered to the contracting parties at the time of the marriage.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-111" type="surname" value="BLIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BLIGHT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant G</hi>). On the 11th of June, this year, I was at King's Cross Station, and saw the prisoner there—he was given into my custody—I told him I was a police officer, and I should arrest him for bigamy—he made no reply—I took him to the Station—Miss Hodgetts was there, and saw him—he was taken before the Magis
<lb/>trate and remanded on bail—he absconded from his bail, and I heard no more of him till October last, when, in consequence of what I heard from Manchester, where he was detained on some charge, I arrested him on a warrant, and brought him to London, where he was formally charged—he made no reply to it—Inspector Hargreaves, of the Manchester Police, handed me these two certificates, purporting to be certificates of marriage, one dated 1885 and the other 1887—I showed them to the prisoner—he said, "Oh, there is nothing in them; they are bogus"—I went to the Register of Marriages at Somerset House and searched, and found no entry whatever of such documents—amongst the prisoner's papers I found these two certificates of domicile and this book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-112" type="surname" value="HARGREAVES"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-112" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HARGREAVES</persName> </hi>. I am a Detective Inspector of Manchester City Police—on October 14th last I saw the prisoner at 24, New, Brown Street, Market Street, Manchester. I told him I was a police officer, and asked him his name—he said "Mr. Greenwood," he hesitated first and asked what I wanted to know his name for—I told him that I had reason to believe that he was William Henry Cadman—I then asked him who Dubeny, Gladstone and Co., were; that name was on the door—he said, "I am their representa
<lb/>tive, their place is in London." I said, "London is a large place"—he then admitted that his name was Cadman—I told him he was wanted for bigamy, and I took him in custody to the Town Hall—he said, "I am guilty of bigamy, but not of the long firm frauds"—at the Town Hall he was charged, and remanded to Strange ways Gaol—on October 29th he was handed over to Blight—I searched his premises while he was in custody—I found a portmanteau and a box which I handed to Superintendent Hicks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-113" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-113" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN HICKS</persName> </hi>. I am superintendent of the Manchester City Police—on October 14th I received from Hargreaves a large tin box; it was locked, I got the key from the prisoner's personal property, and in it found between 2,000 and 3,000 letters, among them the two certificates purporting to be marriage certificates—the prisoner's name appears in each.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-114" type="surname" value="CADMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-114" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CADMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Examined by</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOBLE</hi>). I live at 10, New Brown Street, Manchester—the prisoner is my father—after he left my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090030"/>
<p>mother he was in the habit of sending her money, for about a month or five weeks—£1 a week at first, and when in difficulties it got down to 10s.—he was very kind to us—I was about ten years old when he went away—I believe this is his signature to this marriage certificate—I said before the Magistrate that his writing had altered a great deal—he writes backward, this is written forward.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My father lived on with my mother till about 1883—he left her when I was about ten—he has not been to our house for about eight years—he left her in 1883 with seven children—he did not come back—I next saw him at the central station—she was without support all that time, except what she got from the parish—I last saw him about last Christmas; he then asked me how mother was—I saw him several times in Manchester; he asked how we got on at home, and I used to tell him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-70-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-70-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-70-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-70-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-70-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-70-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-70-18951209 t18951209-70-punishment-24"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-71">
<interp inst="t18951209-71" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-71" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-71-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-71-18951209 t18951209-71-offence-1 t18951209-71-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-71-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-71-18951209 t18951209-71-offence-1 t18951209-71-verdict-1"/>
<p>71.
<persName id="def1-71-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-71-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-71-18951209" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-71-18951209" type="surname" value="SAVAGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-71-18951209" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH SAVAGE</hi> (28)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-71-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-71-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-71-18951209" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-71-18951209" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="def2-71-18951209" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM MITCHELL</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-71-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-71-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-71-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Bur
<lb/>glariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18951209-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-117" type="surname" value="GORE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-117" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-71-offence-1 t18951209-name-117"/>Robert Gore</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-118" type="surname" value="CLABBON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-118" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CLABBON</persName> </hi> (292
<hi rend="italic">F</hi>). On the morning of November 6th, at 3.50, I was on duty in Percy Gardens, Kensington, and saw Savage in Bayswater Road, going towards the Marble Arch; opposite 3, Wellington Terrace. He stopped there, went to the window, and with his arm broke the window—he then went towards Notting Hill Gate, where he was joined by Mitchell; they walked a few yards, and returned towards No. 3—they saw me, and walked hurriedly on—I saw no one else pass the window—I went after them with another constable, and stopped them—I told Savage the charge—he replied, "I am going to Covent Garden, you have made a mistake."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Savage.</hi> It was your left arm that broke the window. You did not take anything out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Mitchell.</hi> You were stopped by 211
<hi rend="italic">F</hi> about 100 yards from the window.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-119" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-119" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WILLIAMS</persName> </hi> (211
<hi rend="italic">F</hi>). I was on duty in Bayswater Road. I heard the crashing of glass in the direction of Wellington Terrace—I at once went in that direction, and met the two prisoners, followed by the last witness—I stopped them, and asked what was up—they said "Nothing"—292 arrived, and from what he told me I arrested Mitchell—I told him the charge—he said, "You have made a mistake, we are on our way from Kilburn to Covent Garden"—I took him to the station—they were about 150 yards from the window when I stopped them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Savage.</hi> I could not see you when I heard the breaking.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Mitchell.</hi> At the time I heard the crash I daresay I was 200 yards from the window.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-120" type="surname" value="CLABBON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-120" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CLABBON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-called</hi>). When I heard the crash I was standing in Palace Gardens, from there I could see straight on to the shops in Wellington Terrace—Palace Gardens is a private road, and I was inside the gates, between twenty and thirty yards from the shop. I could not be seen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-121" type="surname" value="GORE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-121" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT GORE</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Morris, tobacconists, 3, Wel
<lb/>lington</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090031"/>
<p>Terrace—about half-past 10 on this night I locked up the premises securely—the window was perfectly sound—the police awoke me between three and four; there was then a large fracture in the window; there were many pieces of glass both outside and inside—I did not miss any article.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was sleeping at the top of the house at the back—I heard no sound till the police rang the electric bell—there were no shutters to the window—a light was burning inside—it was a large single sheet of plate glass.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-122" type="surname" value="HALLMARK"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-122" type="given" value="PAUL"/>PAUL HALLMARK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant F</hi>). I visited the premises on the 15th—I found a pane of glass broken about 25 inches by 15, as though someone had gone sideways through it—considerable force must have been used—I produce a piece of the glass, one-eighth of an inch thick.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners in defence stated that they were going to work at Covent Garden when the constables arrested them, and denied all knowledge of the broken window.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18951209-71-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-71-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-71-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the attempt.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAVAGE</hi>*—
<rs id="t18951209-71-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-71-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-71-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-71-18951209 t18951209-71-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MITCHELL</hi>
<rs id="t18951209-71-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-71-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-71-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-71-18951209 t18951209-71-punishment-26"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Month's Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-72">
<interp inst="t18951209-72" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-72" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-72-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-72-18951209 t18951209-72-offence-1 t18951209-72-verdict-1"/>
<p>72.
<persName id="def1-72-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-72-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-72-18951209" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-72-18951209" type="surname" value="REDFEARN"/>
<interp inst="def1-72-18951209" type="given" value="CHARLES RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES RICHARD REDFEARN</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-72-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-72-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-72-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, Feloniously marry
<lb/>ing
<persName id="t18951209-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-124" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-124" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-124" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-72-offence-1 t18951209-name-124"/>Sarah Ann Barker</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-125" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-125" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH OSBORNE</persName> </hi>. I live at 72, Strand—I was present at the marriage of the prisoner and my sister at Old Lambeth Church about sixteen years ago—they separated and then lived together again—I have seen my sister here to-day—I was in communication with her about 1892, she must then have been living at Brighton—I did not know the prisoner in 1892—I believe my sister last saw him about 1891—I believe they finally separated in 1889.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-126" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-126" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>SARAH ANN BARKER</persName> </hi>. I live at 34, Bridge Road, Hammersmith—on February 24th, 1892, I went through a form of marriage with the prisoner at the Registry Office, Fulham—this is the certificate; he is described as a widower—I had known him some time before I married him—he first described himself as a widower, and afterwards told me (before our marriage) he had been divorced—I lived nearly two years with him, and then he deserted me, leaving me with a child, and without money—I went home to my mother, and have since been supporting myself and the child, as a barmaid—the child died three months ago—after he left me I received this telegram from him, "Come at once, Charles is dying, Russell"—Russell is his mother's name—I went to see him, and there was nothing the matter with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You did not tell me you were not divorced—I was engaged as a barmaid at the time—you did not say when you left for Newcastle that if anything happened to Mrs. Redfearn we would get married again to make it legal.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-127" type="surname" value="BECKERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-127" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN BECKERSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 34, Bridge Road, Hammersmith—the prisoner came to me with my cousin, the last witness, and told me he had been married, and showed me this certificate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-128" type="surname" value="PEDDER"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-128" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT PEDDER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant E</hi>). I produce the certificate of the marriage with Miss Barker.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-129" type="surname" value="PARKES"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-129" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST PARKES</persName> </hi> (40
<hi rend="largeCaps">E.R</hi>.) About six p. m. on November 26th, I was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090032"/>
<p>on duty in the Strand, when Mrs. Redfearn came to me, and stated in the prisoner's presence that she wished to give him into custody for commit
<lb/>ting bigamy—I asked her how she knew he had committed bigamy—she said, "I have the marriage certificate, but I have not it with me at the moment"—the prisoner said, "I know nothing about it"—I asked the prisoner and his wife to come to the station, and he was charged the next day and made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> I wish to say that this was not done with any fraudulent intent. My first marriage was very unhappy, and we mutually agreed to part. I told Miss Barker I had a wife living.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner called</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-130" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-130" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH RUSSELL</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's mother—I often told Miss Barker you had a wife living before you married her; she visited my house for a short time before you were married—I did not know of your wedding with Miss Barker—when I first knew her in December, 1891, or January, 1892, I told her your wife was living, and that you were not free—I had a letter from you, and went to see you—you said, "We have done it"—I said, "Done what?"—he said, "Got married"—I said, "Oh, Charley! how dreadful; it will be found out," and then Miss Barker came out of the adjoining room, and I said the same to her—she said, "Never; it will never be found out"—I protested and said it would, and asked her on what grounds she felt so sure, and she said she would deny she had ever married him—that was in 1892, I think; I knew nothing of the marriage till the day after.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I did not know they were going to be married or I would have stopped it—my daughter, the prisoner's sister, sent this tele
<lb/>gram—the prisoner may have done it in my name—she came and found he was not dying; I knew what he wanted her to come for, though I did not know he had sent this telegram—he wanted her to come up, and she would not—he did not desert her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He sometimes takes the name of Redfearn-Russell; I have married again—I did not send this telegram; I suppose the prisoner did it himself—I thought the first wife was living at Brighton, and that it was too late to tell her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> My daughter, who is in Manchester, also told Miss Barker that your wife was living—I thought it dreadful that a respectable young woman should be committing bigamy—I could not stop the marriage then, it was too late.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that he and his wife had agreed to separate, and that he had no intention of deceiving Miss Barker.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-72-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-72-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-72-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-72-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-72-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-72-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-72-18951209 t18951209-72-punishment-27"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-73">
<interp inst="t18951209-73" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-73" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-73-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-73-18951209 t18951209-73-offence-1 t18951209-73-verdict-1"/>
<p>73.
<persName id="def1-73-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-73-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-73-18951209" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-73-18951209" type="surname" value="SHULTZ"/>
<interp inst="def1-73-18951209" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD SHULTZ</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-73-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-73-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-73-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18951209-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-132" type="surname" value="DROBIG"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-132" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-73-offence-1 t18951209-name-132"/>Charles Drobig</persName>, and stealing seventy-five sable skins and other articles, his property.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090033"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREENFIELD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and the evidence was interpreted to the prisoner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-133" type="surname" value="DROBIG"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-133" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DROBIG</persName> </hi>. I am a furrier, of 16, Northampton Street, Clerken
<lb/>well—on November 17th, at 11.45 my house was fastened and closed—I was called by the police next morning, and found the shop-window forced open, and a pane of glass broken—I missed seventy-two sable skins and other articles, which I have identified—these are my property. (
<hi rend="italic">Produced.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-134" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-134" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COLE</persName> </hi> (492
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). On November 19th, at 2 a.m., I was on duty, and saw two men near the prosecutor's house—one of them pointed to a house—I stepped into a doorway and watched them, three men joined them, they turned round Charles Street—I ran into Goswell Street—as soon as they saw me the three men dropped some things in the road and ran away—there were four men altogether, and the prisoner was one of them, I saw his face; another constable pursued him, and I went back and picked up the articles, and took them to the station, and the prose
<lb/>cutor identified them—when I first saw the men I was about 120 yards from them, but I got within twelve yards of them—they were running—I had a side view of them, but the prisoner looked me full in the face—he wore a brown felt hat—I did not pick him out when I found him in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-135" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-135" type="given" value="EDWARD SHIELD"/>EDWARD SHIELD KNIGHT</persName> </hi> (481
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). I heard a whistle about 2 a.m., and saw the prisoner turn out of John Street alone—I ran after him about thirty yards, caught hold of his arm, and tripped him up—he said, "All right"—I took him to the station—he said, "The man gave me 2s. to carry the things—he said he was a hairdresser—after the charge was read over he said in English, "I did not do it"—I have not found his address—three metal watches and a chain and latch key were found on him—he spoke English and defended himself at the Police-court, and, said there that the man gave him 2s. to carry the things, as he was moving.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-136" type="surname" value="WHITING"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-136" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WHITING</persName> </hi> (362
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). I was on duty in Goswell Road about 1 a.m., and saw the prisoner and another man, who was carrying this bundle of seal skins under his arm—Cole took him and I took the prisoner; they ran in different directions—I blew my whistle several times—he turned a corner and another constable took him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-137" type="surname" value="ROWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-137" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROWKINS</persName> </hi> (494
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). On November 19th, about 2 a.m., I heard a whistle, ran into Goswell Road, and saw a man with a bundle of furs—I went to the prosecutor's shop and found the front door open, and some sables and two boas in the passage; I took them to the station—the front window was forced open from the bottom, and the catch broken off—this,.
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> was found in the shop next morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-138" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-138" type="surname" value="KIRK"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-138" type="given" value="TEEHAN"/>TEEHAN KIRK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). I was present when Inspector Lewis took down this statement—the prisoner spoke in German, but I am a German, and put it down in English—he said: "At 11 p. m. on the 18th I met a man who I only know as Charley in Soho. There was another man with him who I do not know, but I could identify him. At a public-house in Tottenham Court Road Church asked me to go to his lodgings in Islington, as he had not paid his rent, and help him to move. He said, 'You wait here while I go for the clothes.' About fifteen minutes later he came, bringing a bundle. We went to the end of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090034"/>
<p>street. I saw a policeman, who said, 'He! what have you got there?' Charley threw the bundle in front of the policeman; another policeman caught me."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence:</hi> I never did anything in my life of this kind. I have always earned my living honestly. The man who made use of me first, of all gave me several glasses to drink, and he never told me the matter was not a
<hi rend="italic">bona-fide</hi> one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-73-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-73-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-73-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-73-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-73-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-73-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-73-18951209 t18951209-73-punishment-28"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-74">
<interp inst="t18951209-74" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-74" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-74-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-74-18951209 t18951209-74-offence-1 t18951209-74-verdict-1"/>
<p>74.
<persName id="def1-74-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-74-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-74-18951209" type="surname" value="CHALLIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-74-18951209" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES CHALLIS</hi>, Unlawfully</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-74-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-74-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-74-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> and carnally knowing
<persName id="t18951209-name-140" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-140" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-140" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-140" type="surname" value="PRYOR"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-140" type="given" value="ANNIE ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-74-offence-1 t18951209-name-140"/>Annie Elizabeth Pryor</persName>, aged 14 years.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that the girl might be taken to be over</hi> 16,
<hi rend="italic">and, therefore, found a verdict of</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-74-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-74-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-74-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-75">
<interp inst="t18951209-75" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-75" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-75-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-75-18951209 t18951209-75-offence-1 t18951209-75-verdict-1"/>
<p>75.
<persName id="def1-75-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-75-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-75-18951209" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-75-18951209" type="surname" value="FAVERO"/>
<interp inst="def1-75-18951209" type="given" value="GIOVANNI"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GIOVANNI FAVERO</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-75-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-75-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-75-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18951209-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-142" type="surname" value="BUCKLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-142" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-75-offence-1 t18951209-name-142"/>William Alfred Buckland</persName>, and stealing five coats, and other articles, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The evidence was interpreted to the prisoner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-143" type="surname" value="BUCKLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-143" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALFRED"/>WILLIAM ALFRED BUCKLAND</persName> </hi>. I am an engineer, of 12, Packham Street, St. Pancras—I left my house fast, on the latch—it would require a key to open it from outside—on Sunday, October 27th, I got home about 12.45, and went to bed—I was awoke about 4 or 4.30 by a noise, and heard the front door close; I got a light, went downstairs and found the coats and a smoking-jacket had been taken from the hall and a black bag containing tools—this is my coat, it was on the rack; and this pipe and tobacco pouch were in the pocket—I recognise this hammer because I made the handle—the value of the articles is from £8 to £10.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-144" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-144" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA DAVIDSON</persName> </hi>. I have lived with the prisoner as his wife eight months—some man came and fetched him at two o'clock one morning; he had no great coat when he went out, but he brought home this coat and another—he brought a black bag with him, but I did not see it open—I was in bed but I was awake—I think he brought this hammer the same night—he had a pipe something like this—he speaks English; I am English, I cannot speak Italian.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-145" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-145" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROBINSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant G</hi>). On Saturday, November 23rd, I was on duty in Calthorpe Street and arrested the prisoner as a suspected person—I took him to the station and found this pipe, tobacco pouch, handbag, and four pipe-cleaners on him—I then searched the house where the woman Davidson lives, and found other things—the prisoner was charged with burglary—he said, "This is my property; that is good enough for you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found the hammer at your lodgings and the other things in your pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-146" type="surname" value="HARNOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-146" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HARNOTT</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Bulworthy, a pawnbroker of 71, Gray's Inn Road—this great coat was pawned on November 8th. by a woman I do not recognise, in the name of Ann Terry, 12, Brook Street.—I work at Crosse and Blackwell's—I received this coat from a man, not the prisoner, nor was he present—I pawned it and gave the ticket to the young man who gave me the coat, and I know he went to get it out and was stopped—the prisoner was with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence:</hi> I was in bed, and a man knocked at my door and told me to go with him: we went to the club, and I was there with him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090035"/>
<p>till 5 a. m. Then I came out with him, and he asked if I wanted to buy an overcoat. I said "No." He said he would go and fetch it, and he brought it to me. He had a small, empty bag with him and two overcoats—when I got indoors I looked at the overcoat, and he said, "Will you mind keeping it till to-morrow morning?" I went to bed, and he came and fetched it the next morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-75-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-75-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-75-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at this Court on September</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-75-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-75-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-75-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-75-18951209 t18951209-75-punishment-29"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-76">
<interp inst="t18951209-76" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-76" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-76-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-76-18951209 t18951209-76-offence-1 t18951209-76-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-76-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-76-18951209 t18951209-76-offence-1 t18951209-76-verdict-2"/>
<p>76.
<persName id="def1-76-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-76-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-76-18951209" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-76-18951209" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="def1-76-18951209" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY PHILLIPS</hi> (27)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-76-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-76-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-76-18951209" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-76-18951209" type="surname" value="CROSSLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-76-18951209" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK CROSSLEY</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-76-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-76-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-76-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> Unlawfully attempting to steal 10s., the money of
<persName id="t18951209-name-149" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-149" type="surname" value="POTTS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-149" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-76-offence-1 t18951209-name-149"/>Frederick Potts</persName>, </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILLIPS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-76-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-76-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-76-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREENFIELD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-150" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-150" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE STONE</persName> </hi>. I keep a restaurant in Holborn—on November 26th, about 8 p.m., the prisoners came to the bar—Phillips asked for two drinks—I gave him two glasses of bitter—he put down a half
<lb/>sovereign—I gave him 9s. 8d.—he then asked me to give him the half sovereign back and he took it and the change together, and asked me to give him a sovereign for it; I was just going to do so when the mistress came up and stopped me, and took the money which he had put down on the counter—they both ran away; she called the police.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-151" type="surname" value="BOVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-151" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BOVEY</persName> </hi> (37
<hi rend="italic">E.R</hi>). I was called, and the manager gave Phillips into custody for ringing the changes; he said "They have got 10s. of my money there."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-152" type="surname" value="GALE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-152" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GALE</persName> </hi> (286
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). I was on duty outside this restaurant at 9 p.m., and saw Phillips sitting by the landlord—I stopped Crossley running across the road—they were both taken to the station and charged; they made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Crossley.</hi> You were about 100 yards from the house when I arrested you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Crossley's Defence:</hi> I met Phillips and he asked me to have a drink; when he ran out I saw that there was something the matter and I ran too; I call him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-153" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-153" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PHILLIPS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner</hi>). I met you in Holborn and asked you to have a drink—I paid with 10s. and ran out—I did not tell you I was going to ring the changes, but I believe you had an idea what I was going to do when I asked for the half-sovereign back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CROSSLEY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-76-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-76-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-76-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILLIPS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">received a good character; but Detective Sergeant Brogden stated that he had been charged with a similar offence before, and that he was the associate of thieves.—
<rs id="t18951209-76-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-76-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-76-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-76-18951209 t18951209-76-punishment-30"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-77">
<interp inst="t18951209-77" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-77" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-77-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-77-18951209 t18951209-77-offence-1 t18951209-77-verdict-1"/>
<p>77.
<persName id="def1-77-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-77-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-77-18951209" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-77-18951209" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-77-18951209" type="given" value="BERNARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BERNARD DAVIS</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-77-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-77-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-77-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-77-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-77-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-77-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing £60, £60. and £30, the property of a co-partnership.—</rs>
<rs id="t18951209-77-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-77-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-77-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-77-18951209 t18951209-77-punishment-31"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on Recog
<lb/>nizances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-78">
<interp inst="t18951209-78" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-78" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-78-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-78-18951209 t18951209-78-offence-1 t18951209-78-verdict-1"/>
<p>78.
<persName id="def1-78-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-78-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-78-18951209" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-78-18951209" type="surname" value="POGGI"/>
<interp inst="def1-78-18951209" type="given" value="ENRICO"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ENRICO POGGI</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-78-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-78-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-78-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, Breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18951209-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-156" type="surname" value="PEREGUINETTA"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-156" type="given" value="ALBERTO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-78-offence-1 t18951209-name-156"/>Alberto Pereguinetta</persName>, and stealing an accordion and 15s. 6d., his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and the evidence was interpreted to the Prisoner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-157" type="surname" value="PEREGUINETTA"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-157" type="given" value="ALBERTO"/>ALBERTO PEREGUINETTA</persName> </hi>. I understand some English—I live at 2A, Back Hill, Holborn, and occupy two rooms and a shop on the ground</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090036"/>
<p>floor—one of my rooms is used as a club by a number of Italians—the prisoner was not a member, he has only been there as a visitor—he was there on Saturday night, November 16th, and some more Italians—a girl named Frances Perry was there, she left between two and three on the morning of the 17th—before she left she asked Poggi for some matches—he took a candle out of his pocket and cut it in two, and gave her a bit and some matches out of a box—after she had gone Poggi and two men had some refreshment in the first floor back room—they left between 3 and 3.30., and I shut the window at 3.40 as I was going to bed—I locked the door outside and locked up the house—I got up next morning between 7.30 and 8, and the door of the first floor back room was open, the lock was broken and the window open—the window is about eight feet from the ground, and looks into a small turn
<lb/>ing—I found my shop ransacked, and missed an accordion, value about £3, which I had put there the night before—I have not seen it since—we have an automatic gas meter in the basement, and I gave my partner 1s. worth of coppers to put into it, the night before—I found the pad
<lb/>lock of the drawer into which the money falls, cut off and lying on the floor, and the drawer in the back kitchen with nothing in it—I found this box of Bryant and May's matches under the meter; that is the sort of box that Poggi took out of his pocket the night before—I also found a piece of candle on a shelf beside the meter; it did not belong to me; we do not use candles in the basement—Frances Perry came and spoke to me, and I saw her in the middle of the day speaking to the prisoner in Wardour Street—I found Poggi near Holborn Town Hall about 3.45, and spoke to him in Italian—he said, "How goes it, John?"—I said, "I am all right," and asked him about the stolen property, and said, "You took some money from my gas meter"—he said, "I never
<hi rend="italic">done</hi> it; I will bring your stolen property back at 10 o'clock to-night"—I had threatened to give him in custody—I said, "I have a witness to prove it; you ought to do something else for a living"—he said, "I never did it; it won't be more than 25s. or 30s.," meaning the value of the robbery altogether—he was wearing new clothes, but the same jacket and handkerchief he has now—his trousers and boots were new since the night before—he did not come at 10 o'clock—I wrote to the Gas Company the next morning, and gave information to the police; and pointed out the prisoner—he knew that I had this gas meter, because when the game was going on someone said, "Go and put another penny in the slot."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said, "If I do not bring back the accordion and the money I have stolen, I will bring the worth of it"—you also said, "I know who has got it, and I will get it for you."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-158" type="surname" value="PELEGRINI"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-158" type="given" value="GUISEPPE"/>GUISEPPE PELEGRINI</persName> </hi>. On the morning of November 16th I got 1s. worth of coppers of Alberti Pereguinetta, and put them in the gas meter 12 o'clock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-159" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-159" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-159" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>FRANCES PERRY</persName> </hi>. I live at 88, Cleveland Street, Tottenham Court Road, and was employed at Crosse and Blackwell's two months ago—I sometimes went to this club—I do not speak Italian—I know Poggi; I do not live with him—I asked him for a light, and he gave me some matches out of a box like this; it looked three parts full—next morning Sunday, I called on Mrs. Peregrinetta, and said something to Mr.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090037"/>
<p>Pereguinetta, and between one and two o'clock I saw Poggi in Wardour Street—we went into a public-house, and I asked him if he had taken the money out of the gas meter—he said, "No"—I said, "Yes, you did it"—he said, "Yes, I did"—the conversation was in English—he had new boots on—I have known him twelve months, and have been living with him—I repeated that to Mr. Pereguinetta.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-160" type="surname" value="BECKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-160" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK BECKETT</persName> </hi>. I am an automatic meter clerk; I took the state of this meter and set it, and put it down in a book—I went again in con
<lb/>sequence of a statement from Mr. Pereguinetta, and from the state of the meter there ought to have been 15s. 5d. in the drawer, but it was broken to pieces, and the lock wrenched off.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-161" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-161" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROBINSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Inspector G</hi>). On November 18th Pere
<lb/>guinetta complained to me, and I went to 2, Back Hill—an entry had been effected by the first floor window, which is about seven feet from the ground—I found marks on the mortar and on the window sash—somebody had entered by the window and forced the door, inside—the catch had been broken some time previously and mended—on the same afternoon I saw the prisoner in a public-house on Eyre Street Hili—I sent someone to call him out—he came out, and I said in English that I was a police officer, and should arrest him for breaking into the club, 2, Back Hill, and stealing an accordion and some money—he, said "I know who did it, but if you will let me go I will go and get it"—he had no difficulty in under
<lb/>standing me—I asked him his address at the Police-station; he said he lived anywhere—I cannot find it—he had on new trousers, boots, and braces; he told me how much he gave for the trousers—he said before the Magistrate that he received the money for the clothes through the Italian Consul.</p>
<p>----
<hi rend="smallCaps">CURTIS</hi>. I was at Bow Street when the prisoner made a statement in Italian; I took it down, and, at the Magistrate's request, trans
<lb/>lated it—this is a copy, in the writing of a friend of mine: "I told the sergeant I gave 3s. for the trousers, 2s. for the boots, and 1s. for the braces; and that money was sent to me from Italy. Frances Pearce is not to be relied on, as she cannot bear me; for two or three pints of beer she will say anything."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, stated that he did not give Pearce any matches, because he had none, and had to ask for one to light his pipe; that what he said was that he knew the class of people who went there, and if it was left till evening he might be able to furrage out who had done it; that the witness Perry could not he relied upon, as she could not bear him, and all she had said was from spite, and that all who went to the club were thieves. He called</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POGGI</hi>. I am a baker and pastrycook, and am the prisoner's brother—I sent him 100 francs about two months ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-78-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-78-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-78-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18951209-78-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-78-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-78-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-78-18951209 t18951209-78-punishment-32"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-79">
<interp inst="t18951209-79" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-79" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-79-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-79-18951209 t18951209-79-offence-1 t18951209-79-verdict-1"/>
<p>79.
<persName id="def1-79-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-79-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-79-18951209" type="surname" value="READWIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-79-18951209" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HENRY READWIN</hi>, Unlawfully</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-79-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-79-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-79-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> obtaining 21s. from
<persName id="t18951209-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-163" type="surname" value="CANT"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-163" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-79-offence-1 t18951209-name-163"/>Samuel Cant</persName>, with intent to defraud, upon which no evidence was offered.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-79-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-79-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-79-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090038"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, December</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-79a">
<interp inst="t18951209-79a" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-79a" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-79a-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-79a-18951209 t18951209-79a-offence-1 t18951209-79a-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">In the case of</hi>
<persName id="def1-79a-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-79a-18951209" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-79a-18951209" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-79a-18951209" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY FREEMAN</hi>,</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-79a-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-79a-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-79a-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>
<hi rend="italic">for attempt to murder,</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18951209-79a-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-79a-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-79a-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="italic"> the prisoner had died since the committal. The recognizances of the witnesses were therefore discharged.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-80">
<interp inst="t18951209-80" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-80" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-80-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-80-18951209 t18951209-80-offence-1 t18951209-80-verdict-1"/>
<p>80.
<persName id="def1-80-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-80-18951209" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18951209" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18951209" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18951209" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET GREEN</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-80-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-80-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-80-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, For the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18951209-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-166" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-166" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-80-offence-1 t18951209-name-166"/>Reuben Green</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence upon this charge.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-80-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-80-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-80-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-81">
<interp inst="t18951209-81" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-81" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-81-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-81-18951209 t18951209-81-offence-1 t18951209-81-verdict-1"/>
<p>81.
<persName id="def1-81-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-81-18951209" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-81-18951209" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-81-18951209" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-81-18951209" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET GREEN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18951209-81-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-81-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-81-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> was
<hi rend="italic">further</hi> indicted for unlawfully neglecting the said child, so as to cause him unnecessary suffering and injury to his health.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-168" type="surname" value="GODFREY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-168" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY GODFREY</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Park Villas, East Finchley—in March, this year, the prisoner came to my house with her husband and three children; at first they occupied three rooms upstairs—the eldest was a boy about five or six, a girl about three, and the boy Reuben was a baby in arms—they remained there till August, and left on Tuesday, the day after the Bank Holiday—after they had been there a few weeks, she left the baby at different times, from about ten in the morning till half-past three—that happened on several occasions, but only once or twice for so long as that—she left no one to take care of it or feed it—it could not feed itself—I have fed it at times—sometimes she would leave it for half an hour, an hour, or more; then she would come in and put it to bed, and the other children too—it would cry when left; that was why I went up to it, got it some food, which it would take ravenously—I have done that several times, sometimes about ten in the evening—it was not very often that I heard them crying—the little boy was kept very dirty; at first it was not so bad, it got worse—it was a very delicate child—she said it had rickets and consumptive bowels—she had to go out to work; but not at the latter part of the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-169" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-169" type="surname" value="FLEMING"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-169" type="given" value="RUTH"/>RUTH FLEMING</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, Park Villas, next door to the prisoner and her children—I remember the child Reuben—the prisoner spoke to me one day about it—she asked me if I would allow my daughter to take care of it for her during the day, when she was going out to work—that was some time in May—I said I did not think my daughter was old enough to take care of a child a fort
<lb/>night old, but I took it in; it was very dirty and emaciated; I said, "It is a very miserable little object; have you had it under medical treatment?"—she said No; it had rickets and consumptive bowels; that she had taken it to the doctor at Great Ormond Street some time ago, and they said they could do nothing for it—I undressed it, but I could not hold it, it was so dirty, and smelt so bad—I washed it, and dressed it in doll's clothes—we had no other things to fit it—my little girl of ten cut up some stockings, and made a tiny pair of doll's stockings to put on it; it was a most tiny child—I had it three days in each week—I got my lodger to take it to the Temperance Hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I did not notice any vermin about the child—there</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090039"/>
<p>was the same dreadful smell about it every day; we had to repeat the washing each time we took it from her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-170" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-170" type="surname" value="DISCOMB"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-170" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE DISCOMB</persName> </hi>. I lodged at 3, Park Villas—I first saw the child in May, when Mrs. Fleming had the care of it; it was very poor, and very little and delicate—it was rather dirty; we used to wash it; the joints were rather dirty, and its underneath part; we used to take off its clothes and wash them—it looked as if it had not sufficient to eat; it was not well—I took it to the Temperance Hospital, and showed it to the doctor there, and the matron gave me a bundle of clothes for it—the prisoner was with me; she used to have it of an evening when she came from work; it seemed to be getting on, and the prisoner said so herself, and I saw her with it out in the yard—afterwards I did not think it looked quite so well," I said so to her—she said, "I think it is getting on nicely"—she provided for it, if she had a few halfpence; if not, I used to get it some
<lb/>thing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. She used to go out washing, and I used to have the baby early in the morning before she went out—I never saw any vermin upon it—I am not accustomed to children, I have had none of my own—I saw no neglect or ill-treatment—I used to give it bread and milk, I thought that was the right thing, the doctor said she was to feed it on some particular food; I could not say whether she got it—I did not see it after January 7th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-171" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-171" type="surname" value="BARROW"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-171" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE BARROW</persName> </hi>. I live in Prospect Place, East Finchley—I remember taking in the prisoner and her three children—I could not say the date exactly—I reckon it was about two months before the child died—she said they had been living at Mrs. Godfrey's—they stayed with me till the child died—I saw it when they came, it was not very clean; it was fairly clean; it was very weakly—the doctor was never fetched till I found it was dying. I then called out, "For God's sake, Mrs. Green, send for a doctor;" she had taken it to a doctor about three weeks after she had been with me—she gave me a shilling a day, and half a crown on Saturday—she was away two days and a-half out of the week—when she was at home she looked after it herself; she always treated it very kindly, and was very kind to the other children—I had a sick husband to attend to.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. It was a very poor, weak child—it had whooping cough, and so had the little girl—she gave me a shilling a day when she went out to work; that was for food, and for keeping them there and giving them shelter—she used to take a glass of beer, but I never saw her come into my place in drink—I never saw anything of that sort.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-172" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-172" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>THOMAS WILLIAM HICKS</persName> </hi>. I am a fully qualified medical man and live at Park House, East Finchley—I remember the prisoner's child Reuben—I first saw it from ten months to a year before its death, about October or November, 1894, it was a poor, delicate, emaciated child—it was not then suffering from rickets or consumption of the bowels; it was from exhaustion; there was no definite cause for that, it was in an exhausted, emaciated condition, improper food would account for it, giving it food that it could not assimilate—I did not learn that from its birth it was a poor little thing, that would not influence my judgment, then, or now—I next saw it on October 10th, it was then dead—I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> on that day in company with Dr. Hochee—it weighed 6 1/2 lbs. the normal weight should have been from 16 lbs. to 24 lbs.; it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090040"/>
<p>was poorly clothed and dirty, not filthy; it was extremely emaciated—I could find no organic disease to account for that emaciation—I attributed it to malnutrition.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. That might arise from improper food, or want of food, quite as likely one as the other—that may happen with the kindest mother in the world, if she does not understand what food would assimilate—the first time I saw the child it was having condensed milk, and I altered that to cow's milk, and gave instructions as to the dilution of the cow's milk—it was a nurse child—I attended it for a week after
<lb/>wards and then never saw it again; it was always an emaciated child from the first, and very small—milk would be the proper food—mal
<lb/>nutrition would be not putting water to it, or giving it milk or food stuff which would not agree with it at the time—I told her to dilute the milk—I had some fault to find with the utensils in which the milk was kept; they were dirty, the bottle in which the milk was given was not clean, hence one could not be responsible for the milk; there was nothing harmful in the bottle except dirt, which is hurtful—the emaciation might arise from disease—I should rather suspect disease of some sort to linger in the frame of a child that was always a puny little thing—the appear
<lb/>ances might be accounted for by want of a sufficient quantity of food, or want of strictly proper food, or disease—the
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> showed no disease; I never saw the child at its birth—if it always was so from its birth I should have suspected something wrong; it was very small when I saw it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-173" type="surname" value="HOCHEE"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-173" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HOCHEE</persName> </hi>. I live at Park Gate, East Finchley, and am a fully qualified medical man—I assisted Mr. Hicks in the
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examina
<lb/>tion—I have heard his evidence, and agree with it; there was no disease—frequently a child is born very small and very weak in consequence of the mother herself not being properly nourished, but not itself in a state of disease; being born small it may not be expected to survive—I could not say if it was not so in this case, but if I had such a child under my care I should require it to be very frequently fed with milk and water, one part of milk and two of water—it would entirely depend upon how it got on—the prisoner's husband was my groom some years ago—I have not seen anything of him since to my knowledge; I have understood that he has been a bad husband.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I have a very bad husband, and had to go to work to support my children. He ill-treated me badly, and has broken a brass rod over my back. I have had to send my children out sometimes. He gave me money sometimes. I never took to drink."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner handed in a paper which was read at length, in which she described a system of ill-treatment and drunkenness on the part of her husband, which compelled her to go out to work for the support of herself and children; that the baby was very small and delicate from its birth, that she did her best for it and the other children, but the child was always ill, and nothing did it any good.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, having been sworn as a witness, declared that her written statement was perfectly true, and that she had not seen her husband since she came out of Barnet Union a month ago.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-81-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-81-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-81-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">For other cases heard this day see Kent and Surrey cases.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090041"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, December</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-82">
<interp inst="t18951209-82" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-82" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-82-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-82-18951209 t18951209-82-offence-1 t18951209-82-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-82-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-82-18951209 t18951209-82-offence-1 t18951209-82-verdict-1"/>
<p>82.
<persName id="def1-82-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-82-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18951209" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18951209" type="surname" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18951209" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GEORGE</hi> (29)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-82-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-82-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-82-18951209" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def2-82-18951209" type="surname" value="REEKS"/>
<interp inst="def2-82-18951209" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD REEKS</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18951209-82-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-82-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-82-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a sovereign from the person of
<persName id="t18951209-name-176" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-176" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-176" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-82-offence-1 t18951209-name-176"/>Robert Williams</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-177" type="surname" value="AVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-177" type="given" value="HORACE"/>MR. HORACE AVORY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEPHENSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended George.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-178" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-178" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 69, Camden Road, Holloway—I have been working for the electric lighting department of the Islington Vestry—on Friday, November 22nd, between seven and eight p. m., I was in the middle bar of the Clarence public-house, Seven Sisters Road, Holloway—there are three bars—I had been paid my wages for the week, fifty-four hours, £1 9s. 3d., and I had in my purse a sovereign, a four-shilling piece, and a florin—I had paid for some beer—the prisoners were there when I went in—I have known them for years, but never associated with them—George is a labourer, and used to live next door to me—Reeks is a bricklayer—Ted Flack, the barman, offered to row me on the Thames the following morning for a sovereign, and I took a sovereign out and showed it to him—the prisoners could hear the conversation—Flack wanted to row on the Lea, but I objected, and put the sovereign back into my purse, and put my purse into my right trousers pocket—Mrs. Fisher, who I knew, was in a bar on my left, and from what she said, I went in and treated her and her husband to some beer, and had a glass myself—I paid for that with a florin, which I took out of my purse, and left the sovereign there—I took the 4s. piece out, and put it in another pocket—George and some other men asked me to give them some beer; Reeks was with them; he is called
<hi rend="italic">Puddingy</hi>; he asked me for twopence, and I gave it to him—they asked for more beer, and I paid for another pot, and then Reeks asked for another two
<lb/>pence to put to the first—I refused, and said, "You have had 10d.; you ought to be satisfied"—they said, "Go on; we will make it up to you when we get work"—they then held me against the partition; Reeks took me by my left shoulder, and George by my right and put his hand in my trousers pocket, and took my purse—I made a snatch at it, and he passed it behind him—I said, "Don't act the fool, give it me back"; I put my back against the door, and said that no one should leave the bar till I got the purse"—one of them named Webb shoved me away from the door, saying that he wanted to go to the urinal—I went out and called a police sergeant—the prisoners followed me out and went to the urinal—they all came back to the public-house, and George handed me my purse saying, "Here is your purse"—I looked inside it, the sovereign was gone, and I gave George in custody—the others had gone away—next morning I gave evidence at the Police-court against George, the Magistrate asked him if he had any evidence to call, and Reeks called out from the body of the Court, "You changed a sovereign at the bar;" and at the Magistrate's request he went into the witness box and I saw him sworn on the Testament—having given his evidence the case was adjourned till the afternoon when the two barmen were called, and the Magistrate committed George for trial; Reeks was put back for a week—I then went and made a state
<lb/>ment to the Treasury.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090042"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>. I finished work at five o'clock and went and had two half-pints of ale in Holloway Road, and then went to another house and had another half-pint, and from there to the Clarence where I paid for two pots in the middle bar, with coppers, and two pots in the other bar—I was not drunk—the sergeant came into the bar, and I said to the men, "One of you has got my sovereign" and pointed to George and said, "I believe that one"—the sergeant said, "Are you sure?" and I may have said, "Well, one of them had it"—on that the sergeant declined to take George—I had told him about their having held me against the partition—some of them then left the bar; George gave me the purse after the sergeant said that he could not take him—when we were outside, George and I went to the sergeant together and it was then that I said for the first time that George put his hand in my pocket and took the purse out—George did not say in answer to that "You took your purse out of my right-hand coat pocket," nor did I answer yes—I walked with the sergeant to the station, about a quarter of a mile, but did not mention about any man holding me while the purse was taken till I got to the station—there was a great deal of excitement.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">REEKS</hi>. I do not say that you are one of the two men who held me against the partition.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When George and I went together to the constable outside, I asked him to take him, but he would not; I was too much excited then.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-179" type="surname" value="DAUGHTON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-179" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DAUGHTON</persName> </hi> (78
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). I was four or five yards from the Clarence—Williams came up to me about 9.20—no one was with him—Reeks and another man were standing outside the house near the urinal—I went with Williams into the bar—there were four or five men there—George was among them—Williams said, "I have lost a sovereign"—I said, "Who has got it?"—he said, "I believe this man here," pointing to George—he pointed to each man, they were in a circle, saying, "One of you have got it, now tip up"—Williams had been drinking and was excited—he knew what he was doing—he did not make it clear to me, and I said, "I decline to interfere," and left the bar, and the landlord turned them all out—Williams did not seem satisfied when he got outside and we took names and addresses, and in a minute or so, George came up and said to Williams, "You took your purse out of my right-hand coat pocket, did not you, Bob?"—I understood Williams to say, "Yes, George took the purse out of my right-hand pocket." I said, "See if the sovereign is in it." He said, "No." I said, "Will you charge him?" He said "Yes." I took him to the station, he was charged, and made no reply—while the charge was being taken by the Inspector, Williams said for the first time, "They shoved or pinned me against the partition and took the purse with the sovereign in out of my pocket"—I am sure he said "They."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>. The prisoner come up with the pro
<lb/>secutor who said, "He put his hand into my pocket and took out my purse with a sovereign in it." George said "You took the purse out of my right-hand coat pocket, did not you,
<hi rend="italic">Bob</hi>?" Williams said, "Yes"—there was an argument first, there was a lot said.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Reeks.</hi> You waited outside by the urinal and when</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090043"/>
<p>I came out you were still there, but you had gone when George was was taken in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-180" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-180" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>WILLIAM GEORGE HOBBS</persName> </hi>. I am second clerk at the North London Police-court—on November 22nd when George was charged I took the evidence; he was asked if he wished to call evidence and somebody at the back of the Court said, "Yes, I will give evidence," and Reeks got into the witness-box and was duly sworn—I took his deposition; I took his name as Reed, but Reeks is the man—he said, "I am a bricklayer of 9, Commercial Road, Holloway. I was in the Clarence public-house and saw the prosecutor paying for pots of beer," I did not see him take his purse out; I saw him take a sovereign out of his purse and change it over the bar for silver and gold, and put the change in his pocket"—the case was then put back for the barman to be called; the Magistrate pointed out what they had said—George then said, "I do not wish to call any witnesses; he came up himself; I do not wish to have him bound over"—there was subsequently a charge against Reeks, and I gave the evidence I have given to-day—when I had finished his evidence I read it over and he said, "I am very sorry if I told the gentleman that, I was in drink at the time"—he did not seem in drink—this was more than a week afterwards at 12 a. m.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-181" type="surname" value="FLECK"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-181" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST FLECK</persName> </hi>. My father is the proprietor of the Clarence—I serve in the bar—it is a fully licensed house—on Friday, November 22nd, I had observation of the three bars from 6.20 p.m. to 8.20 p.m., and from 8.40 to 10.30—I saw Williams there at seven o'clock—I did not change a sovereign for him that evening—I served him with two pots of beer, and he paid 8d. for them—he showed me a sovereign about 7.30, between his thumb and finger, and said that he would row any man for a sovereign—the prisoners were not there then—they were in another bar later on.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I saw nothing of a man being held against the partition by two men, nor did I see Williams with his back against the door, saying, "No one shall go out till I get my sovereign"—there are five bars; two of them are public bars, and my brother and I served in them the whole time we were there—there is a place for jugs and bottles—if a man were held against a partition, I should not notice it—there are often things done like that—I did not hear a man with his back against the door, call out that nobody should go out till he got his sovereign; if it had been said I should have heard it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-182" type="surname" value="FLECK"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-182" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>FREDERICK CHARLES FLECK</persName> </hi>. I help my father and brother—on the evening of the 22nd I was with my brother in the bar; nobody else was there—I did not change a sovereign that evening—I saw Williams in the bar—he produced a sovereign between his finger and thumb, and told people in the bar he would race them for a sovereign—I did not see either of the prisoners there—I was on duty from 6 to 8.40, and from 9 to 12.30—my brother goes twenty minutes before me, he goes on from 6 to 8.30, and comes on at 8.40, and goes to bed at 10.30—while I was there I did not see one man holding Williams by one shoulder and one by the other—I should not see it because I should be serving, and if it was supper time we should be one hand short—I should not notice it if they were only larking—there are three barmaids and another brother.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Reeks.</hi> I did not see the prosecutor put his back to the door and say that no one should go out till he got his sovereign.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090044"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners' statements before the Magistrate: George says</hi>, "I do not know what I have to go for trial for, I am not guilty. I have lived there all my life, and never have been accused of such a thing before."
<hi rend="italic">Reeks' statement</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">only partly ready as regards the present case.</hi>)"I did not take any sovereign. I did not see it go. I thought I saw the prosecutor change a sovereign in the bar."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Reek's defence.</hi> The prosecutor came in and said he had lost a sovereign when he was in the bar, and he went out and came back—I thought he had changed the sovereign over the bar, or else I should never have gone near the Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-82-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-82-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-82-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-83">
<interp inst="t18951209-83" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-83" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-83-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-83-18951209 t18951209-83-offence-1 t18951209-83-verdict-1"/>
<p>83.
<persName id="def1-83-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-83-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18951209" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18951209" type="surname" value="REEKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18951209" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD REEKS</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18951209-83-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-83-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-83-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> for wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The evidence in the last case was repeated. The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I am very sorry. I was in drink. I know nothing about what I was saying."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18951209-83-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-83-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-83-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Friday, December</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18951209-84">
<interp inst="t18951209-84" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18951209"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-84" type="date" value="18951209"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-84-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-84-18951209 t18951209-84-offence-1 t18951209-84-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18951209-84-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-84-18951209 t18951209-84-offence-2 t18951209-84-verdict-1"/>
<p>84.
<persName id="def1-84-18951209" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-84-18951209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18951209" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18951209" type="surname" value="CALLEON"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18951209" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CALLEON</hi>, otherwise
<rs id="t18951209-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-84-18951209 t18951209-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">A. LOY</hi> </rs> (48)</persName>, was indicted for
<rs id="t18951209-84-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18951209-84-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-84-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18951209-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-185" type="surname" value="EN"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-185" type="given" value="SING"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18951209-84-offence-1 t18951209-name-185"/>Sing En</persName> on the high seas.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">E. PERCIVAL CLARKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOBLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner being a Chinese and imperfectly understanding English, the evidence was interpreted to him.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-186" type="surname" value="THAYER"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-186" type="given" value="ALFRED ROYLE"/>ALFRED ROYLE THAYER</persName> </hi>. I am in the office of the Mercantile Marine—I produce the original log of the ship
<hi rend="italic">Creedmore</hi>, she is described in the articles as a Colonial ship belonging to Manilla—the articles were de posited with us.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-187" type="surname" value="KENNEDY"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-187" type="given" value="WILLIAM RAMSAY"/>WILLIAM RAMSAY KENNEDY</persName> </hi>. I am the master of the sailing ship
<hi rend="italic">Creedmore</hi>—on the 2nd of December, we arrived in London from the port of Manilla—the prisoner was cook on board, and the steward was a man named Sing En—they had been messmates between seventeen and eighteen months, both were Chinese—during that time so far as I observed they were on friendly terms—on November 22nd, at half-past two in the after
<lb/>noon, the ship was on the high seas, about sixty miles to the southward of Ireland—I was called from my cabin, and found Sing En lying on the floor outside my cabin—he was making a tremendous noise, and blood all round him—I examined him, and I found a cut about three inches long one way, and another cut about two inches long the other way, in the centre of the big cut—I could not say how deep they were, a small part of his inside was hanging out through the wound—it was a clean cut wound, it was bleeding quite a lot—there was a clean cut on his left hand, right across the palm—I called the chief officer, and we took his clothes off and put five stitches in the wound, washed him and put some sticking plaister on, bandaged him up, and put him in his bunk, and made him as comfortable as we could. I sent for the prisoner—he was standing outside the cabin door while the dressing was going on, while I was at
<lb/>tending to the deceased—I examined the prisoner; I found a big gash in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090045"/>
<p>his left arm—I should judge about two inches long, just above the wrist—it was bleeding considerably—his arm was bare; he had his sleeves rolled up—I did not notice any other wounds on his arm—I attended to that, and bound it up—I then asked him, in the presence of the steward, how the thing happened—the steward was conscious, and able to hear it—he spoke in English—anyone not accustomed to their talk could not make out what they said—he said he was standing by the water-barrel in the galley, cutting a piece of tobacco, and the steward was standing by the table, making the model of a little ship, and the steward said to him, "You don't do any work. Why did you not run away from the ship at Newcastle? I will kill you before you get to London"—the cook replied that he did not want to run away from the ship, and that he did his work properly—"What do you want to kill me for?" and, with that, the steward picked up the big knife off the table, and made a blow on his head like that (
<hi rend="italic">describing</hi>); that he put his left arm up to save his head, and he received the blow on his arm, which he now has the wound of—he then wrestled with the big knife, and, being the stronger, he got the knife from him and pushed it into his stomach—that was all he said then—I then asked the steward in the cook's presence, who used the knife first—he said the cook used the knife first, and that he did not use it at all; that he then told the cook to have fish for to-morrow's dinner, and with that he was sitting down making a small ship on the stool at the galley, and the cook picked up the knife in his left hand and cut his hand, and that they fell on the floor—I asked if there was anyone round there to see it—he said, "No; they came round after they heard the scream"; that he then came running aft to the cabin; he said the cook was a very bad man; he did not know what he wanted to kill him for; he said that to me frequently—I locked the prisoner up in his own room—I afterwards went to the cook's galley; I found nothing unusual there—while I was sewing up the wound the carpenter brought up three knives (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>); one of them is larger than the others; this is the big one, marked "Bull dog"—it belongs to them
<lb/>selves; I don't know whether it is the steward's or the cook's; it was kept in the galley for carving meat—I examined them; I found blood on the big one, close to the point—there was nothing on the other two—the steward got worse gradually, and died on November 29th, and was buried at sea—nothing had happened to him besides the wound; he vomited all the time, up and down—the wound was three inches one way and two the other; it was all one wound; it was as if the knife went that way, and turned round and went that way; it looked to me that they were both clean cuts—we touched at Newcastle on our way home—we had been there when the cook and the steward were in the company.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner came to us with discharges and an excellent character—he gave me every satisfaction, and was a thorough good sailor—I always found him a peaceable, inoffensive man; he was in no way quarrelsome—I entertain so high an opinion of him that I would still give him a berth—I said at the Police-court that he said, "We wrestled, then I threw out my left hand and had hold of the knife; the steward was down on the floor when I pushed the little knife into him"—that was what he said—this is the little knife that was the one he was using in cutting the tobacco—the sailors might have been chaffing the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090046"/>
<p>deceased about a Christmas card that his wife had sent to the prisoner; I did not hear anything about it—I never heard any threat between them; they al ways got along peaceably and quiet—I never heard him threaten to kill him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. When the cook put up his left arm, that protected his head, he received the wound.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-188" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-188" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD JACKSON</persName> </hi>. I was an able seaman on board the
<hi rend="italic">Creedmore</hi>—I was on board on November 22nd—about two in the afternoon I was passing the galley, and saw the cook and the steward; the cook was cutting a pipe of tobacco, the steward was making the model of a ship; they seemed to be in a friendly way—I went for'ard to get a drink of water, and about three or four minutes after I heard screams from the galley—I ran to the galley door, and saw the cook and steward wrestling with a big knife; the cook was standing up alongside the water-barrel, and the steward was lying down on the floor on his back—the cook had hold of the knife with both hands—the steward had his right round the cook's left wrist—the steward had hold of the knife, with his left hand round the blade and his right hand round the cook's left wrist—I did not see the wound then; he must have been already wounded then—I did not see any blood, but he dropped the knife on the floor then; they both dropped it—I was within three feet or so of them—the steward got up and came on deck; he was then bleeding on the right side—the cook came out on deck from the galley a minute or two afterwards—neither of them spoke to me—I followed the cook to the cabin door, and asked him what was the matter—he said that the steward asked him why he did not leave the ship at Newcastle, and he said he had no reason for leaving the ship, and the steward said, "I will kill you"—the cook answered, "What do you want to kill me for? In a couple of days more we will be in London"—that was all that was said to me—I noticed the three knives on the floor after the cook came out—I did not pick them up—they were lying together, a little bit apart, about a foot or so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> In the galley there is a shelf, bound with copper—next day I noticed a cut on it, as if from a knife—I believe it was a fresh cut—both the cook and steward appeared to be wrestling for the knife—this little knife was lying on the floor by the steward's feet—the knives belonged to, the galley, they were always there—I have seen the steward using it—this little knife must have been under the steward when he was lying down—I had seen him using it in making a model.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DERMAN</hi>. I was chief officer of the
<hi rend="italic">Creedmore</hi> on her last voyage—on November 22nd, between two and three p.m., I was in my bunk and heard a scream—I was called to the steward, and assisted in dressing his wound—I also attended to a gash across the prisoner's wrist—a few days afterwards I said to the prisoner, "What knife have you used?" he said, "The small knife;" "I said, "It must have been the big knife, as there was no blood on the small knife"—he made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He said, "The steward used the knife first, and I took it away from him; I was cutting up tobacco and pushed the small knife into him"—he said that he pushed him away with the small knife which he cut him with—I am chief officer of the ship—about a week before November 22nd I was passing the galley door, and saw the deceased in there; he said, "Mr. Derman, one time one man marry one</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189512090047"/>
<p>girl; he go away and when he comes back find another man in the house; he kill the man and run away, policeman catch him, he tell policeman to stop, then he would take knife and kill himself"—I never heard anything about his being very jealous of the prisoner—I furnished this statement to the Treasury.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The first time I was asked about this was at the Police-station—I was not examined before the Magistrate—this is the first time I have been called on since I gave my statement—no one put any questions to me before the man was committed for trial.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-189" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-189" type="given" value="HENRY THOMAS"/>HENRY THOMAS HAMILTON</persName> </hi>. I am surgeon to the H Division—on October 2nd I examined the prisoner, and found four wounds on the posterior inner surface of his left forearm—three were trivial and had quite healed, one was an inch and a half long downwards and inwards—they were recent—the large wound was still suppurating; the others were quite well; there were scabs on them—the large wound might have been caused by either of their knives or by any sharp instrument—inflamma
<lb/>tion of the liver would be caused by puncturation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18951209-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18951209-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-190" type="surname" value="DREW"/>
<interp inst="t18951209-name-190" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DREW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector H</hi>). On December 2nd the prisoner was brought to Shadwell Police-station; the captain and some of the officers of the