<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18950325">
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t18950325-name-1">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ., Q.C.,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, March 25th, 1895, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON. SIR</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH RENALS</hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR HENN COLLINS</hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN WHITTAKER ELLIS</hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-2" type="surname" value="SAVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-2" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SAVORY</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-3" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-3" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID EVANS</persName> </hi>, K.C.M.G., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-4" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-4" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Bart., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-5" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-5" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, Q.C., M.P., K.C.M.G., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">BENJAMIN FAUDEL PHILLIPS</hi>, Esq., Lieut.-Col.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-6" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-6" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-7" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-7" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK GREEN</persName> </hi>, Esq., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH COCKFIELD DIMSDALE</hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-8" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-8" type="given" value="JAMES THOMSON"/>JAMES THOMSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-9" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-9" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-10" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-10" type="given" value="WALTER VAUGHAN"/>WALTER VAUGHAN MORGAN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-11" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-11" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES BELL</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-12" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-12" type="given" value="GEORGE WYATT"/>GEORGE WYATT TRUSCOTT</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., Q.C., Common Serjeant of the said City: and
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT MALCOLN KERR, ESQ</hi>., Judge of the City of London Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-13" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-13" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Esq, Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-14" type="surname" value="HAND"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-14" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HAND</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-15" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-15" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-16" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-16" type="given" value="FRANCIS ROBERT MIDDLETON"/>FRANCIS ROBERT MIDDLETON PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RENALS, MAYOR. SIXTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, March</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-280-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18950325" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18950325" type="surname" value="BRYAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18950325" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARCHIBALD BRYAN</hi> (43)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18950325-280-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-280-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-280-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>for unlawfully writing and publishing a false and defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18950325-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-18" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-18" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-18" type="given" value="FRANCES LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-280-offence-1 t18950325-name-18"/>Frances Louisa Leonard</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PIGOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended, at the request of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-19" type="surname" value="MEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-19" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK MEAD</persName> </hi>. I did reside at 34, Bessboro Gardens; I do not now—on 18th January I received a letter from the prisoner—it has been mis
<lb/>laid or lost—I gave it to Mrs. Leonard to give to her solicitor; he copied it, and returned it to me—I have searched for it and been unable to find it—I resided in the same house with the prisoner for two months—I know his handwriting—at times, perhaps, he may be an excitable man—I understood that he was bound over at the Police-court; I don't know what for—it was after that I received this letter.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't know what became of the letter; I simply lost it—I received it on the 18th January—I had it in my pocket for a day or two, and after that I gave it to the prosecutrix—I received it back from her, I should say, the next day—I asked for the letter at the Police-court—I had not shown it to anyone before that—my wife knew I had it—I have on now the coat I was then wearing—there were no other papers in it at the time—I had been living at the house about four months—I knew the prisoner before that; I had been on friendly terms with him—I am a traveller—I lived in the house with my wife—I think I should remember the contents of the letter if I saw the copy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-20" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-20" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-20" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA LEONARD</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Leonard, a writer, and live at 34, Bessboro Gardens—I received a letter from the last witness—a copy of it was made by Mr. Sutcliffe, a solicitor whom I employed at the Police-court—I compared it with the original—this is the copy—it is a faithful copy—the prisoner was lodging in the house for some time—I summoned him for abusive language and threats, and he left that morning—I after
<lb/>wards received this letter from him. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected to the letter</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250004"/>
<hi rend="italic">being ready there being no publication proved, and it not being alleged in the indictment that it was calculated to provoke a breach of the peace.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">held that the objection was good, and that the prosecution must rely upon the first letter. This letter alleged that Mrs. Leonard was the keeper of a brothel, and had detained property belonging to him.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-21" type="surname" value="AVERY"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-21" type="given" value="LEVI"/>LEVI AVERY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">A</hi> 4). I served a copy of the summons on the prisoner on 21st January last—I was present at the Police-court when the defendant made an application about some razors. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">sub
<lb/>mitted that the letter being written privately to a friend, must be treated as a privileged communication.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was not of that opinion, as the person to whom it was addressed was requested to show it to the person libelled.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-280-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-280-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-280-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t18950325-280-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-280-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
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<hi rend="italic">To enter into his own recognizances in</hi> £100
<hi rend="italic">to come up for judgment if called upon.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-281-18950325" type="surname" value="BEECROFT"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18950325" type="given" value="WILLIAM ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ROBERT BEECROFT</hi> (20)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-281-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-281-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-281-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18950325-281-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-281-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-281-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering an endorsement to a cheque;</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-281-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-281-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-281-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to unlawfully obtaining by false pretences £20; and to a previous conviction of larceny at the West London Police-Court on 3rd June. 1891; and other con
<lb/>victions were proved against him.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-281-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-281-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-281-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-281-18950325 t18950325-281-punishment-2"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-282-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18950325" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18950325" type="surname" value="IVES"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18950325" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY IVES</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-282-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-282-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-282-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, to publishing a defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18950325-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-24" type="surname" value="CHIVERS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-24" type="given" value="THOMAS COURTAIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-282-offence-1 t18950325-name-24"/>Thomas Courtain Chivers</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-282-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-282-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-282-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-282-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-282-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-282-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-282-18950325 t18950325-282-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two Months' Imprisonment without Hard Labour,</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18950325-282-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-282-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-282-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-282-18950325 t18950325-282-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic"> and at the expiration of that sentence to find two sureties to keep the peace for four months.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-283-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-283-18950325 t18950325-283-offence-1 t18950325-283-verdict-1"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-283-charge-8" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-283-18950325 t18950325-283-offence-3 t18950325-283-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-283-charge-9" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-283-18950325 t18950325-283-offence-3 t18950325-283-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-283-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-283-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-283-18950325" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def1-283-18950325" type="surname" value="BLISS"/>
<interp inst="def1-283-18950325" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERBERT BLISS</hi> (14)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-283-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-283-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-283-18950325" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def2-283-18950325" type="surname" value="FARR"/>
<interp inst="def2-283-18950325" type="given" value="RICHARD CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD CHARLES FARR</hi> (16)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-283-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-283-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-283-18950325" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def3-283-18950325" type="surname" value="KITCHENER"/>
<interp inst="def3-283-18950325" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH KITCHENER</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-283-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-283-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-283-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to feloniously breaking and entering the Christ Church Mission Hall, and stealing twenty-five missionary boxes and £1 5s.; </rs>
<rs id="t18950325-283-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-283-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-283-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to breaking and entering a Primitive Methodist Chapel and stealing 1s. 6d.;</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-283-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-283-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-283-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to breaking and entering a church and stealing divers articles.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant Charles King stated that Bliss and Farr had also been convicted.—
<rs id="t18950325-283-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-283-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-283-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="postponed"/>Judgment suspended for further inquiry.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-284">
<interp inst="t18950325-284" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-284" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-284-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-284-18950325 t18950325-284-offence-1 t18950325-284-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-284-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-284-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18950325" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18950325" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18950325" type="given" value="WALTER JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER JAMES COX</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-284-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-284-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-284-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to feloniously forging and uttering a cheque for £90 with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-284-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-284-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-284-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-284-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-284-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-284-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-284-18950325 t18950325-284-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-285">
<interp inst="t18950325-285" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-285" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-285-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-285-18950325 t18950325-285-offence-1 t18950325-285-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-285-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-285-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18950325" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18950325" type="surname" value="PERKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18950325" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18950325" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR PERKINS</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-285-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-285-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-285-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, a letter containing two postal orders for 4s. and 1s. 6d.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. H. C. RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PIGOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-30" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-30" type="surname" value="DUNKERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-30" type="given" value="FRANCES MARY"/>FRANCES MARY DUNKERTON</persName> </hi>. I live at New Mead Farm, near Bath—on Saturday, 12th January, between ten and quarter past, I went to the post-office at Glastonbury, and purchased two postal orders for 4s. and 1s. 6d.—I put them in a letter, sealed it, and addressed it to Mrs. Ellen Jameson, Newington, London—I posted it myself—I had the letter ready written, and I put the orders in it—in consequence of a communication from Mrs. Jameson, I communicated with the Post Office authorities.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-31" type="surname" value="GRIFFIN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-31" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY GRIFFIN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the post-office at Glastonbury—I was on duty on 15th and 16th February—I have a book in which I enter the numbers of the orders I issue—I issued these two orders; I signed them—they are the orders I issued about 10.30 that day—I went off duty that morning—I had not issued any others for the same amount—a letter posted at 10.15 would leave at 10.30.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-32" type="surname" value="JOHNSTON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-32" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS JOHNSTON</persName> </hi>. I am overseer at the Kennington sorting-office—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250005"/>
<p>prisoner has been employed there as an auxiliary postman—a letter posted at Glastonbury before half-past ten would be due at Kennington at 5.29; it would remain in the office about an hour before being dispatched—on 16th February the prisoner came on duty at 5.30—in the course of his duty he would have access to letters coming from Glastonbury and other parts.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-33" type="surname" value="BELLINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-33" type="given" value="FRANCIS JAMES"/>FRANCIS JAMES BELLINGHAM</persName> </hi>. I carry on business at 3, Newington Butts, as E. Jameson—I open all letters coming in that name—I did not receive a letter containing two orders for 4s. and 1s. 6d.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-34" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-34" type="surname" value="LEVERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-34" type="given" value="ANN ORTON"/>ANN ORTON LEVERTON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk at the post-office, 19A, High Street, Borough—these two orders were cashed by me on 18th February—I do not remember who presented them; it was a man—directly after I had paid them Mr. Cartwright came and spoke to me—the person who presented the orders asked me the name of the office; I gave it, and I saw him write the name—I said, "Put in High Street, 19A"—he said, "Is it necessary to put in the number?"—I said, "Yes"—the prisoner is like the man as well as I can remember.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-35" type="surname" value="CARTWRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-35" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CARTWRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant at the General Post Office—in consequence of instructions I kept observation of the prisoner on the 18th February—I saw him leave his home at Lambeth about 12.55 in the afternoon; that would be about two miles from the Borough—I followed him to the Electric Railway Station at Stockwell; he got in there and went to St. George's Church—he went to the post-office, 19A, High Street, Borough—he went to the writing-desk and commenced writing—I looked over his shoulder, and found that he was writing on some postal orders—he asked the clerk the name of the office; she gave it—he asked if he should put the number—she said, "Yes"—he went back to the desk and commenced writing again, and he took the two postal orders for 4s. and 1s. 6d. and cashed them; I saw him get the money—as he was leaving I called the clerk's attention to him, and I put my signature on the back of the orders—these are the two orders—I com
<lb/>municated with Mr. Edwards, my superior officer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-36" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-36" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am in the confidential department of the Secretary's Office of the General Post Office—I was instructed to make inquiries as to the loss of certain letters; Cartwright was acting on my instructions—in consequence of what he said to me I saw the prisoner on the same day at the south-eastern office—I told him who I was, and said, "To-day at one o'clock you were followed from the office, and were seen to cash these two postal orders at the post-office in High Street in the name of Clay; do you wish to give any explanation?"—he said, "No, I had better say nothing"—I pointed to Cartwright and said, "This is the person who followed you"—he made no reply—I after
<lb/>wards saw him again and said, "You were seen to cash the postal orders, and you were on duty when this letter would reach the Kennington office that same evening, and I give you into custody on the charge of stealing these orders"—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I have nothing to say</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-285-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-285-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-285-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Mr. Edwards stated that there had been numerous losses of letters in the prisoner's department, and about thirty postal orders were found in his writing.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-285-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-285-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-285-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-285-18950325 t18950325-285-punishment-6"/>Fourteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250006"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, March</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-286">
<interp inst="t18950325-286" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-286" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-286-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-286-18950325 t18950325-286-offence-1 t18950325-286-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-286-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-286-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18950325" type="age" value="64"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18950325" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18950325" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JOHNSON</hi> (64)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-286-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-286-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-286-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18950325-286-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-286-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-286-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to feloniously possessing counterfeit coin, having been convicted of a like offence in 1892.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve previous convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18950325-286-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-286-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-286-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-286-18950325 t18950325-286-punishment-7"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-287">
<interp inst="t18950325-287" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-287" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-287-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18950325 t18950325-287-offence-1 t18950325-287-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-287-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18950325 t18950325-287-offence-2 t18950325-287-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-287-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-287-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18950325" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18950325" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18950325" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BAILEY</hi> (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-287-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-287-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-287-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing an umbrella, the property of
<persName id="t18950325-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-39" type="surname" value="HOBERN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-39" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-287-offence-1 t18950325-name-39"/>Thomas Hobern</persName>, a basket of tools of
<persName id="t18950325-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-40" type="surname" value="MEGGS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-40" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-287-offence-1 t18950325-name-40"/>Thomas Meggs</persName>, and other tools of other persons;</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-287-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-287-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-287-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing three other baskets of tools of other persons.—</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-287-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-287-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-287-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-287-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-287-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-287-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18950325 t18950325-287-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-288">
<interp inst="t18950325-288" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-288" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-288-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-288-18950325 t18950325-288-offence-1 t18950325-288-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-288-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-288-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18950325" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18950325" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18950325" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WOOD</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-288-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-288-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-288-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his possession with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-42" type="surname" value="MUGGERIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-42" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED MUGGERIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). On the afternoon of March 6th I was on duty with Atkinson in Kensal Road, Kensington, and saw Johnson, who has pleaded guilty—Wood joined him near the end of Golden Road—they crossed the road and entered No. 77—I went in; a woman opened the door, and I told Wood I was a police officer, and should arrest him—he made no reply—I told Johnson the charge and searched him, and found in his waistcoat pocket three bad sixpences, and in his coat pocket a packet of forty-three broken sixpences and an old coin—I was there when my brother officer found this incom
<lb/>plete battery, a melting-pot, some plaster of Paris, silver sand, large scissors, copper wire, a bottle of liquid, and a piece of board with copper nails in it, which is used for polishing the coins—nothing was found on Wood.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-43" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-43" type="given" value="AMOS"/>AMOS ATKINSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). I accompanied Muggeridge and arrested Wood—he said nothing—I only found a knife on him—I found some metal in the grate and more among the ashes and cinders—there was very little lire in the grate—I searched further and found more metal—he saw me find the battery, the board, and the metal.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-44" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-44" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-44" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>REBECCA SMITH</persName> </hi>. I live at 97, Southam Street, Westbourne Park Road—on February 14th Wood hired a room of me at 2s. 6d. a week and remained a week—he left on the Monday following and returned on March 3rd with Johnson, and hired the room again—he came in on the 4th and paid me a week in advance in Johnson's presence—on the Thursday Wood said that he would pay me a week in advarice, and John
<lb/>son said, "He can pay you two"—they came in next day and took possession—I was not at home when the police came—they both used the room from the 4th to the 6th, but I don't know whether they slept there—I saw them both in the room two or three times—I lived in the house—Wood said on Monday, referring to Johnson, "I work for him."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-45" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these articles are all used by coiners—these forty-three sixpences are counterfeit and very badly made, and here are several more broken—this piece of metal is similar to that found in the grate—it would run through the fire at once, and being found in the fire is evidence that it was recently put there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-288-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-288-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-288-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Eight convictions were proved against him, and he was still under ticket-of-leave.—
<rs id="t18950325-288-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-288-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-288-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-288-18950325 t18950325-288-punishment-9"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-289">
<interp inst="t18950325-289" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-289" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-289-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-289-18950325 t18950325-289-offence-1 t18950325-289-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250007"/>
<persName id="def1-289-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-289-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18950325" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18950325" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18950325" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WALTERS</hi> (49)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-289-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-289-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-289-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously having in his pos
<lb/>session a mould for coining.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-47" type="surname" value="MCKAY"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-47" type="given" value="ALFRED DONALD"/>ALFRED DONALD MCKAY</persName> </hi>. I assist Mr. Gedon, a grocer, of 199, Paragon Road, Notting Hill—four weeks ago to-day Ellen Walters gave me a shilling—I told her it was bad, and gave it to the young assistant, who broke it in pieces with his teeth and gave it to Mr. Geden.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-48" type="surname" value="GEDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-48" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GEDEN</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer—on February 25th one of my assist
<lb/>ants brought me a broken shilling to the counter—Ellen Walters was in the shop—she talked to me, and I gave her back some of the bits of the broken shilling—she paid with a sixpence and left—one of the pieces which she had dropped was found after she left—I followed her to the door and saw the little boy, Arthur Walters, at the door—I did not know him before—I got my hat and saw the woman again, but did not see the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-49" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-49" type="surname" value="DICKS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-49" type="given" value="FANNY"/>FANNY DICKS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George Dicks, a greengrocer, of 2, Sil
<lb/>chester Road, Notting Dale—on February 25th, between three and four o'clock, Ellen Walters bought some oranges of me and gave me a shil
<lb/>ling—when she went out Nice came in—I gave him the shilling, he bit it in pieces.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-50" type="surname" value="NICE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-50" type="given" value="FRANK CHARLES"/>FRANK CHARLES NICE</persName> </hi> (219
<hi rend="italic">X</hi>). On February 25th Mr. Geden pointed out Ellen and Arthur Walters to me in Walmer Road, standing talking together—they walked to Exeter Road, twelve or thirteen yards, and met the prisoner about 3.30—he was standing there—they conversed for a few minutes—he passed something to her, and the prisoner and the boy walked towards Blessington Street, and Ellen went to the stall outside Mr. Dick's shop, when she conversed with Mrs. Dicks for five or ten minutes, and then went towards Blessington Street—the man and the boy leant against the baths in Langston Road—they all three went round Blessing
<lb/>ton Street; and I saw Thomas, whom I had not seen before—I went back and spoke to Mrs. Dicks, who produced a shilling from her pocket—I bit it in four pieces, and went down Langston Street till I saw a constable in Bramley Road—I was in uniform—I spoke to him, and then saw Thomas conversing with the other three—as soon as I approached, Thomas left—I called the prisoner and Ellen, and the boy, and said that they had passed two counterfeit shillings in the last half-hour—the prisoner said, "What, me? I have not passed any bad coin; I am on my way to Acton on a job"—I took one, and the constable took the other—the prisoner put three good shillings on the desk, and a sixpence and a halfpenny, and the woman produced a good half-crown 'and a sixpence and a half-penny—when they were charged the prisoner said, "This is through the drink and your drunken companions"—she made no reply—the prisoner was asked his address—he said, "I live anywhere;" but the boy shouted out, "11, Talbot Grove"—Ellen gave the same address.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> No bad money was found in the possession of the prisoner or his wife, but these thirty-two unfinished shillings (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) were found up the chimney—they are apparently from the same mould as the shillings I found—I believe the prisoner has seventeen or eighteen years' good character, and has never been in trouble before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-51" type="surname" value="TILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-51" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE TILEY</persName> </hi>. I am female searcher at Notting Dale Police-station—I searched Ellen Walters, and found two keys, which I handed to Nice.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250008"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-52" type="surname" value="ROWBOTTOM"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-52" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROWBOTTOM</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Talbot Grove, and am agent to the landlord—on June 18th I let two parlours and an ante-room to the prisoner at 6s. a week—he has occupied them ever since—I went there several times and collected the rent—the prisoner and his wife were in occupation, and I believe two boys, but I did not see them—there was no one else to my knowledge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-53" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-53" type="surname" value="LACEY"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-53" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE LACEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 11, Talbot Grove—the prisoner and his wife occupied the two parlours—Thomas came there once or twice a week, but did not always come in—he said he was the brother—I have seen the prisoner at work in the ante-room; he used to do plumbing—I have brought him work home—I never saw Thomas or anyone else at work there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-54" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-54" type="surname" value="GARDNER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-54" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>SUSAN GARDNER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Arthur Gardner, a Slater—we live on the first floor at 11, Talbot Grove, over the prisoner—I have seen the prisoner in the ante-room at work, but no other man—I have never seen Thomas there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I only saw him call at the house on Monday, the 25th, when William and Thomas came in together—I believe William is a hard-working man—I have seen him in the ante-room at work in the plumbing line.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-55" type="surname" value="GILDER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-55" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GILDER</persName> </hi>. I am a carpenter, and have lived on the top floor at 11, Talbot Road, eleven years—I know all the people in the dock—I have seen the prisoner at work as a plumber in the ante-room, with the two little boys, who were learning the trade.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-56" type="surname" value="KINSMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-56" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD KINSMAN</persName> </hi>. I am gate porter at Marylebone Workhouse—Thomas Walters was an inmate there—I have known him eight or nine years—he is partially paralysed; he is not an able-bodied man—he generally got a holiday once a week, on Monday, and went out—by giving proper notice he can go out, if he returns the same night—a person would not go out with twelve shillings in his possession, or with moulds.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-57" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-57" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BROWN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). I was at the station on the Monday when the prisoner and the boy were brought in—I went with Knight to 11, Talbot Grove, with the two keys—I opened the front door with one, and we entered—the little boy, Alec, followed us in—he is thirteen years old—he went to the mat at the back door, took a key from it, and undid the kitchen door and went in—nobody was there—a knock then came at the front door—I went, and the prisoner's brother was there—he is paralysed on one side; but he struggled and kicked very violently, and we had to take his boots off—we got him into the back room, and after a struggle I searched him—he took twelve counterfeit shillings out of his pocket; I knocked his knuckles, and they fell; I picked them up, they were separately wrapped in paper—they are of 1883—he was taken to the station by two officers—we allowed the boy to go to his aunt's, but I spoke to him again, and saw him hand a key to Knight which opened the door of the ante-room—I went in and searched the place, and in the back chimney I found this round wooden box (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), containing a mould for making two separate shillings, one of 1883, and one of 1888, twenty counterfeit shillings, thirteen of 1883, and seven of 1888, some copper wire and some antimony—the copper wire is used for the battery, and on the shelves in the workshop was a box containing a complete battery, and solutions, and nitric acid,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250009"/>
<p>quicksilver and other articles, the stock-in-trade of a coiner—I took them to the station, showed them to the three prisoners, and told them they would be charged with having counterfeit coin and coining implements; the prisoner said, "I know nothing of them; it is the first time I have seen that box; the battery I use in my work."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Electric batteries are used for electric bells; if a man wanted to test a bell he would use a battery—there were three batteries which were used as cells, you cannot call them batteries; there were only two batteries, one in use and one not—it is used for silvering the coins—I have made inquiries about the prisoner; he has borne a good character for seventeen or eighteen years, but he has been in custody for assaulting the police; he was charged with drunkenness, and I believe he got 20s. or fourteen days; I believe he did the fourteen days, I am not sure—there were a quantity of tools in the ante-room—I had to put my hand up the chimney to find the box.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. I found a quantity of solder, antimony and pewter, and there is antimony in these shillings.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-58" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-58" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to the Queen's Mint—this is a double mould for making shillings—this little bit of a coin bears the date of 1883; it is counterfeit, and it is the only piece which bears the date—this shilling in pieces is bad, and from this mould; it is of 1883—these twelve shillings separately done up are all from this mould, and these seven others are all from this mould—I do not connect the batteries with coining, but I am not an electrician.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. A battery is used in coining, but this battery is more elaborate; if this had been used for testing bells it might also be used for coining—the battery does the electro-plating; it is a necessary thing—acids in solution would also be used in coining.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have had about sixteen years' experience—I have never seen three or four batteries mixed up together—I should say there is nothing to prevent anyone taking one out, but it looks as if it was made for trade purposes—the four batteries in the box could be all used at once or separately—the coins are made of pewter, but there is antimony in their composition.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-59" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-59" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WALTERS</persName> </hi>. I have been an inmate of Marylebone Workhouse—I went out on 25th February, and about five or ten minutes to ten a.m. I found this round wooden box in the cemetery—I was sitting on a seat, and saw it lying under the next seat; I opened it and saw some money—I closed it up quick and put it in my pocket; I was afraid someone would come and find it—I took it to where William lives—he was not at home, and I put it up the chimney, because I did not want anyone to know—I knew the money was bad when I saw the mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I did not see the mould till I got to my brother's house—I saw it was bad and thought I was done, and put it up the chimney, and gave my sister-in-law two shillings, and said, "Don't say anything to my brother,"and these are the two shillings—my brother did not know that the box was up the chimney—he uses electric bells in his work.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see my brother till about twelve o'clock—I went into the house with him afterwards—I got to the house first, about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250010"/>
<p>11.20—the front door is always on the latch—when I got in I only saw my brother's little boy, Alec—he went down to fetch his mother, and while he was gone I put the box up the chimney—I did not show it to the boy, but I took fourteen bad shillings out of it—I next saw Ellen, my sister-in-law, and gave her two shillings—she knew that I lived in the workhouse—she was rather surprised at receiving two shillings from me—I did not tell her they Were bad, I did not know it; but I put the box up the chimney because I found a mould in it—when I found them I was astounded—at twelve o'clock I went to a public-house where my brother was—I told my sister-in-law not to tell Bill that I had given her two shillings, because me and Bill have been at loggerheads some time—when I was arrested four good sixpences and 2s. 2d. in bronze were found on me—I have had that for months—I got it from my brother, the person I am at loggerheads with—I take ray discharge on Monday—I like to go to my sister and she gives me a trifle—I do not know the Walmer Road, I know the Lancaster public-house—I was with the father and mother and the little boy, and I said, "I will see you to
<lb/>night"—he was going to take a cap off—I was not in conversation with them at the corner of Walmer Road, as the constable says—I went to the house afterwards and met Sergeant Brown—many a shilling gets into the workhouse, and many a pound.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. BROWN</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). There is no entrance to the ante-room except through the parlour—it looks into the back garden—the battery had been very recently used—I found twenty shillings in the box.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-289-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-289-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-289-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.—
<rs id="t18950325-289-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-289-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-289-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-289-18950325 t18950325-289-punishment-10"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-290">
<interp inst="t18950325-290" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-290" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-290-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-290-18950325 t18950325-290-offence-1 t18950325-290-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-290-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-290-18950325" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18950325" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18950325" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18950325" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN WALTERS</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-290-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-290-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-290-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice in the same day.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-290-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-290-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-290-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-291">
<interp inst="t18950325-291" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-291" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-291-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18950325 t18950325-291-offence-1 t18950325-291-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-291-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-291-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18950325" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18950325" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18950325" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WALTERS</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-291-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-291-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-291-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his possession with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-291-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-291-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-291-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, March</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-292">
<interp inst="t18950325-292" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-292" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-292-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-292-18950325 t18950325-292-offence-1 t18950325-292-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-292-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-292-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18950325" type="surname" value="PALIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18950325" type="given" value="EDWARD WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WILLIAM PALIN</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<rs id="t18950325-292-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-292-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-292-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing three cheques for £8 12s. 11d., £4 13s., and £6 3s. 4d., the property of
<persName id="t18950325-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-63" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-292-offence-1 t18950325-name-63"/>Messrs. Root and Co</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t18950325-292-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-292-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-292-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-292-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-292-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-292-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-292-18950325 t18950325-292-punishment-11"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-293">
<interp inst="t18950325-293" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-293" type="date" value="18950325"/>
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<persName id="def1-293-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-293-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-293-18950325" type="surname" value="FOREMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-293-18950325" type="given" value="EBENEZER FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EBENEZER FRANK FOREMAN</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18950325-293-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-293-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-293-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Feloniously forging and uttering an order for the delivery of a watch and chain, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. E. GROSS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNCH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-65" type="surname" value="BRYAN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-65" type="given" value="GEORGE ALFRED"/>GEORGE ALFRED BRYAN</persName> </hi>. I trade in the name of Lewis and Co., at Harlesden, as a dealer in watches and jewellery—I employ a number of agents to sell watches and jewellery, and pay them a salary and a com
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250011"/>
<p>of from 15 to 20 per cent.—they account to me weekly—when they obtain an order from a customer who does not pay cash they have to get an order filled up by the customer and bring it to me—this is one of the order forms: "Please furnish me with one of your——price and terms of subscription, which I undertake to pay regularly until the whole is paid;" and the agent signs, "I hereby certify that the person signing gave the order"—at the end of the week it is the agent's duty to make out a statement, Rhowing the sales and the balance of goods on hand, and the account between myself and the agent is balanced up every three months—the prisoner was first employed by me last April—his duties were similar to those I have described—on 22nd December he handed me this account and these five order forms, one of them being for a silver watch and chain, price 50s., for N. Duerdon, of 33, Sunnyside, Ealing, payable four shillings a month, and signed "E. F. Foreman"—I believed the order to be a genuine one, and paid the prisoner 7s. 6d. commission upon it—not receiving any instalment I made three written applications for payment, and eventually called on Miss Duerdon, and in consequence of what I ascertained from her these proceedings were instituted—the watch and chain have never been returned to me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Prisoner was doing a big business, unfortunately for me; I lost money—he had bad debts—the majority of customers were ser
<lb/>vant girls—we did a good trade in everything; £50 in a week—I have no record of £80 a week—I paid him 15 per cent, keeping back by agreement a reserve of 5 per cent. on the total business done to cover returns—in the case of the girls' mistresses complaining and asking the firm to take the goods back we should deduct the commission—the prisoner had possession of the goods at the time of taking the order—directly he sent in the order forms I paid the commission—I have no commission sheet from the prisoner for the week ending 31st August—I have all the sheets he sent me in—the first I have is 21st April—the amount of orders for the week was £13 15s.—I paid £1 12s. 6d., less 13s. 9d.—on the five orders that week he had already taken 7s. 6d., with which he credits me—none of those five orders were repudiated, to my knowledge—if so I should have deducted it when making up the reserve—15s. would be kept back in the event of an order being repudiated—we should not call that an order; it would not be legitimate business—I should deduct the commission in that case if it had been paid—people have not complained to me of orders having been forced upon them—the watch supplied to the girl Walsh, at 23, Portstead Road, Oxford, invoiced at £4, was returned—I had paid the prisoner commission on it—that would not be deducted till the reserve account was balanced, which was every three or four months, and which was to cover legitimate returns—I did not know the orders were signed by the agent—some of these produced are signed by Foreman—I see a slight difference in some of these—the address card and warranty would be sent to Miss Duerdon—I did not know till five or six weeks afterwards it was a sham order; not till the end of January or beginning of February, when a portion became due—the prisoner had then left and gone to an opposition employer—I only complained when he upset an order on which I had paid him commission, and put in another order for his new employer—this case had then been put in the hands of a detective—it was only a fortnight or three weeks</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250012"/>
<p>ago when he upset my business—I first found out he was placing Mr. Freestone's goods this month.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The reserve account is kept in case customers do not keep up their payments—I do not countenance the signing of the order form by the agent—he could fill in the name provided I had one signature—having had a dispute about a machine not being delivered in good condition, I inserted those words at the bottom: "I have this day received same in good condition," and the customer would sign on receipt of the goods, but I should not pay any money on the order—I wrote to Duerdon at her business address as a servant, and the letters were not returned—the competition had nothing to do with starting these proceedings—at the time Duerdon's order was handed in I believed it was genuine, and that the signature was the signature of the person it purported to be.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-66" type="surname" value="DUERDON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-66" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN DUERDON</persName> </hi>. I am servant to Mrs. Sanhurst, 33, Sunnyside, Ealing—I am called "N." and "Nellie"—I have been in this service five or six months—the prisoner called and asked me if I would buy a watch—I told him I could not afford it, and another thing, my people were very particular—he said, "Never mind, I'll send it by post"—I said I could not have it or anything of the sort; I had not the means to pay for it; I had not been in my situation long—he asked me my name, and I said he might as well give me his firm's name, and then if I had any I would have it from them if I could afford it—I gave him the name of Miss N. Duerdon—no other person of that name was living there—I gave no order—the name on this order form is not my writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave him my name with the intention of having the watch when I could afford it—he must have mentioned the price, because a week later a bill came for money due on a watch I had never received—I asked him, but he never gave me the name of the firm—he refused to give it—not many people come to sell things where I am in service.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not pay fourpence or any sum—I never ordered anything—I only answered the third letter to say I had never received any watch nor given any order.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">G.A. BRYAN</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Recalled</hi>). I did not receive this watch back, but I received one which is not mine, but not a chain—the prisoner has not returned all my goods—I have applied personally and by letter, and he has promised to return my goods—I wish to correct my statement before the Magistrate that I discharged the prisoner on 22nd December—I find it was the day after—I wrote him asking if Duerdon's order was correct—I said before the Magistrate, "I lifted a machine belonging to Mr. Freestone"—"lift" is a business phrase—the prisoner upset my business by putting in a machine belonging to Williams and Co., his present employers, and I called and explained the circumstances, and the customer consented to my bringing it away; and I wrote informing the people who supplied it, as the prisoner had my goods.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-293-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-293-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-293-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-294-18950325" type="age" value="44"/>
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<interp inst="def1-294-18950325" type="given" value="HENRY FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY FREDERICK NASH</hi> (44)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-294-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-294-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-294-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18950325-294-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-294-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-294-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to un
<lb/>lawfully making false entries in the books of his employers,
<persName id="t18950325-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-68" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-294-offence-1 t18950325-name-68"/>the Bayswater and Kensington Mutual Permanent Benefit Building Society</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.</hi>
<rs id="t18950325-294-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-294-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-294-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>There were three other indictments for forging and uttering orders of the same employers.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-294-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-294-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-294-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-294-18950325 t18950325-294-punishment-12"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18950325-295" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-295" type="date" value="18950325"/>
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<persName id="def1-295-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-295-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18950325" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18950325" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18950325" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WOOD</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-295-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-295-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-295-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering an endorsement on an order for £16 3s.—</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-295-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-295-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-295-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-295-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-295-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-295-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-295-18950325 t18950325-295-punishment-13"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18950325-296" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-296" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-296-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-296-18950325 t18950325-296-offence-1 t18950325-296-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-296-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-296-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18950325" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18950325" type="surname" value="GANNAWAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18950325" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GANNA
<lb/>WAY</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-296-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-296-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-296-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18950325-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-71" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-71" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-296-offence-1 t18950325-name-71"/>Alfred Lawrence</persName>, and stealing two bottles of rum and ten boxes of cigarettes. (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 470.)</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-296-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-296-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-296-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18950325-297" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-297" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-297-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-297-18950325 t18950325-297-offence-1 t18950325-297-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-297-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-297-18950325 t18950325-297-offence-2 t18950325-297-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-297-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-297-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18950325" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18950325" type="surname" value="WAKEFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18950325" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WAKEFIELD</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-297-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-297-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-297-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering a receipt for £42,</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-297-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-297-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-297-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>and to two indictments for stealing two pianos.</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-297-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-297-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-297-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-297-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-297-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-297-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-297-18950325 t18950325-297-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fourteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18950325-298" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-298" type="date" value="18950325"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-298-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-298-18950325 t18950325-298-offence-2 t18950325-298-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-298-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-298-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18950325" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18950325" type="surname" value="WOOLFF"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18950325" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY WOOLFF</hi>** (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-298-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-298-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-298-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to stealing in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18950325-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-74" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-74" type="surname" value="WIGG"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-74" type="given" value="EMILY FLORENCE MABEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-298-offence-1 t18950325-name-74"/>Emily Florence Mabel Wigg</persName>, a table-cloth and other goods, her property, and afterwards breaking out of the same house;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a conviction of felony at Marylebone in the name of
<persName id="t18950325-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-75" type="surname" value="KENNER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-75" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-298-offence-1 t18950325-name-75"/>Albert Kenner</persName>, in May, 1893; </rs>
<rs id="t18950325-298-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-298-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-298-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to two other indictments, one for burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18950325-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-76" type="surname" value="PANKHURST"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-76" type="given" value="DILHOT DILSLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-298-offence-2 t18950325-name-76"/>Dilhot Dilsley Pankhurst</persName>, and stealing his goods; the other for stealing an opera glass and other things, the goods of
<persName id="t18950325-name-77" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-77" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-77" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-298-offence-2 t18950325-name-77"/>Robert Tyler</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-298-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-298-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-298-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-298-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-298-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-298-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-298-18950325 t18950325-298-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, March</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, March</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<persName id="def1-299-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-299-18950325" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18950325" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18950325" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18950325" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE KING</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-299-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-299-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-299-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-79" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-79" type="surname" value="PELLING"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-79" type="given" value="ETHEL"/>ETHEL PELLING</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Milward, a confectioner, of 37, Tottenham Court Road—on Monday, 25th February, at 7.30 p.m., the prisoner came in for some sweets and gave me a half-crown—I sent it to Mr. Milward.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-80" type="surname" value="MILWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-80" type="given" value="GEORGE ALFRED"/>GEORGE ALFRED MILWARD</persName> </hi>. I am a confectioner—on Monday evening one of my assistants brought me this half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I thought it was bad, went into the shop, and saw the prisoner there—I asked her if she tendered it; she said, "Yes"—I said, "It is bad," and asked her where she got it—she said that a gentleman had given it to her at the corner of Oxford Street, she did not know who he was, but he had given her money before—I sent for a constable—on the previous Friday I found this other bad half-crown in the till—I do not know how it got there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> It was over seven minutes before I came out—I compared it with the other coin first.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-81" type="surname" value="HARE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-81" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HARE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). On February 25th, about 7.15, I was called to Mr. Milward's shop by Constable Greggs, and saw the prosecutor, Mr. Milward—Greggs said that the prisoner had tendered this half-crown—I said, "Is this the half-crown you tendered?" she said, "Yes," and that she got it from a man she had drank with at the corner of Tottenham Court Road—no money was found on her—Greggs is not here, he is in bed with influenza—this is the doctor's certificate—the prisoner had the opportunity of cross-examining Greggs, but did not do so. (
<hi rend="italic">The depo
<lb/>sition of Thomas Greggs</hi>, 44
<hi rend="italic">D:</hi> "About 7.15 last evening I was called to 37, Tottenham Court Road, by Mr. Milward, and saw the prisoner in the shop; Mr. Milward gave me the coin produced. I asked her if she knew it was bad; she said, 'No'; there was a large crowd. I was present at the station; she refused her address; no money was found on her."
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined:</hi> "Mr. Penny gave me the half-crown after the prisoner was remanded on 26th February, and I produce it to-day."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250014"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-82" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-82" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to the Royal Mint—these coins are bad and from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I did not know it was bad. I had it given me by a gentleman friend; I do not know his name. I had been in his company once before."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners defence.</hi> I met the gentleman quite by accident, and he gave me the half-crown; my people are very respectable. If I had known it was bad I had time to get out of the shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-299-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-299-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-299-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-300-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-300-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18950325" type="surname" value="MARDELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18950325" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK MARDELL</hi>,</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-300-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-300-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-300-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>Feloniously setting fire to a stack of hay, the property of
<persName id="t18950325-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-84" type="surname" value="AYRES"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-84" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-300-offence-1 t18950325-name-84"/>George Ayres</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-85" type="surname" value="AYRES"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-85" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE AYRES</persName> </hi>. I am a cowkeeper, of Church Road, Tottenham, and rent a field in Lordship Lane—there are stacks in the field—somebody gave me information, I went to the field and the stack was all in a blaze—it was my stack—it was insured.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-86" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-86" type="surname" value="EDDIXGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-86" type="given" value="SMOLLETT"/>SMOLLETT EDDIXGTON</persName> </hi>. I am superintendent of the Fire Brigade, Tottenham—on the afternoon of March 20th one of Carter, Paterson's men called me out—I went to a field in Lordship Lane, and saw the stacks alight—we started at 2.30, and were at work till next morning, and again on Saturday morning, and again on Sunday—it burst out again—we have a new engine, a steamer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-87" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-87" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD COOPER</persName> </hi>. I live at 21, Commercial Street, Tottenham—I was not at school last Wednesday; I was playing truant—I met the prisoner and Edward Baldwin and Harry Binks about one o'clock—we all went to Lordship Lane, and into Mr. Ayres' field—there is a haystack there—nobody said anything about it, but Harry Binks lit a cigarette and lit the haystack—I saw Mardell light a match; he lit the stack at the same place to make it burn better—nothing was said about setting fire to the haystack before we got over into the field—I afterwards went to the fire station to get the fire escape—I had heard about a new steamer—I did not want to see it at work—I did not set tire to it as well.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-88" type="surname" value="FIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-88" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FIELD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi>). On March 20th I received information, and went to a field in Lordship Lane—there was a fire-engine there—I did not see any boys at first—I stayed about an hour and a half, and saw the prisoner and another boy lying behind a hedge—they ran a good distance, and got behind a tree—I caught the prisoner—he said, "It was not me set fire to it, it was Harry Deane, but we were all together; I gave him the matches. Why we set fire to it was because we wanted to see the new steamer turn out"—late in the evening I took the prisoner—no matches were found on the prisoner or on Deane.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-89" type="surname" value="BILLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-89" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BILLINGS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). I was in charge of Tottenham Station when the prisoner was brought in with another lad, and a state
<lb/>ment was made, in consequence of which the prisoner was charged—Deane made a statement in the prisoner's presence, and the prisoner made a statement before the charge was made against him—this is it: "On Wednesday, 20th March, 1895, about 10.20, I met Harry Deane, Daniel Deane and George Baldwin; we all went to Brooker's sheds. We gathered up some hay and straw, and then George Baldwin gave Harry Deane a match; then Harry Deane lit the straw and hay in the shed. We all ran away to the cemetery railings, when we looked back and saw the shed smoking; then we ran across the fields to Lordship Lane; then</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250015"/>
<p>we went back to the shed, but the fire was out. Then we all went home to dinner. After dinner I went down to the school about 1.30. I met Harry Deane, Daniel Deane, Edward Cooper, Edward Baldwin and George Baldwin. We all went up Church Road, Church Lane and Lord
<lb/>ship Lane to Ayres' haystack. Harry Deane said, 'We will go over to the haystack.' We all went over the fence except Edward Baldwin. Harry Deane said to me, 'Give me a match to light a
<hi rend="italic">fag.'</hi> I gave him a match; then he gathered up a lot of straw; then he struck the match and lit the straw close to the haystack. Then Daniel Deane put it out. Then Harry Deane struck another match and lit some loose hay close to the stack, and it then flamed all up the side of the stack. Then we all ran away into Lordship Lane. Harry Deane ran across Andrew's field, and some men who I do not know ran after him, and we did not see him again. We others ran up Lordship Lane to Wood Green Fire Station. We knocked at the door, but could make no one hear. Edward Baldwin, Edward Cooper and George Baldwin went to Finsbury Park; Daniel Deane and I came back down Lordship Lane to the fire. We then ran across the fields and a policeman ran after us, and he and Alfred Curtis caught us, and then I told the policeman who set both places on fire.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK MARDELL</hi>"—other statements were made by the lads, but their evidence was not taken at the Police-court—after the charge was taken Deane said, "I set fire to the stable and Mardell set fire to the stack"—the prisoner said, "No, I did not; you set fire to both"—the amount of damage is £150.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-300-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-300-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-300-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-300-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-300-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-300-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-300-18950325 t18950325-300-punishment-16"/>Three Days' Imprisonment,</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-300-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-300-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-300-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-300-18950325 t18950325-300-punishment-17"/>and Twelve Strokes with the Birch Rod.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-301">
<interp inst="t18950325-301" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-301" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-301-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-301-18950325 t18950325-301-offence-1 t18950325-301-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-301-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-301-18950325 t18950325-301-offence-1 t18950325-301-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-301-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-301-18950325 t18950325-301-offence-2 t18950325-301-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-301-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-301-18950325 t18950325-301-offence-2 t18950325-301-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-301-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-301-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18950325" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18950325" type="surname" value="MERRITT"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18950325" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD MERRITT</hi> (29)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-301-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-301-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-301-18950325" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-301-18950325" type="surname" value="BLUNT"/>
<interp inst="def2-301-18950325" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BLUNT</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-301-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-301-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-301-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, unlawfully obtaining money by false pretences from
<persName id="t18950325-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-92" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-92" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-301-offence-1 t18950325-name-92"/>Edward Reed</persName>, the property of the London County Council.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. H. AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Merritt and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi> for
<hi rend="italic">Blunt.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-93" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-93" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HOLLOWAY</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the works department of the stores of the London County Council, who are carrying out a scheme for housing the working classes at Shoreditch—at the end of last year I took on from 80 to 100 workmen, and the two prisoners were among them—Merritt was timekeeper, and Blunt a labourer and handy man—Blunt had access to the office where Merritt was employed—Merritt kept a time-book like this, in which he entered the number of hours each man worked, and the rate of wages he was entitled to, at the end of the week—it was his duty on Friday to make out the pay-sheet, which would be sent up to the office, and on Saturday a clerk came down to pay the wages—if a man cannot draw his wages there are printed forms kept for the purpose, and on one being presented to the pay clerk on Saturday he would pay—if the man did not present his authority, the wages would be returned to the head office, and he would have to apply on a special form which he would get from the foreman, authorising him to go to the head office and take his pay—each man when he comes to work has a metal ticket given him with a number—the men are employed by number, and the numbers are entered in the time-book and in the pay-sheet—in this pay sheet, made out by Merritt for 28th December, here is an entry of "Williams: No. 122</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250016"/>
<p>21 1/2 hours at 6 1/2 d.,"making a total of 11s. 8d., and in Merritt's time-book for the same week he has written: "Williams, 122, 21 1/2 hours"—that is put down on three different days—two Williamses are entered for the same week, and are entered Nos. 138 and 113—I know from the foreman that two Williams's were employed on the job that week—Williams No. 138 was paid 4s. 8d., and Williams 113 is marked "Not paid," as being absent—Williams No. 15 is on the pay-sheet, but not in the time-book—he is entitled on the pay-sheet to 19 1/2 hours, 10s. 7d.—two time-books, A and B, were kept this week, and he is in the second book—there are four Williams's entered in the time-book and time-sheet for that week—Williams No.115 appears to have been paid that week, but not the other three—at the end of pay-sheet B for the following week, 4th January, the names of the three Williams's 113, 122, and 138, who have not drawn their pay, are entered—No.113 was paid 11s. 8d. for the week ending 31st December; No.122, 11s. 8d. for the week ending 28th December; and No. 138, 4s. 8d. for the same week—in the time-book for the week ending 8th February, 1895, the name of Palmer, No.15, is entered 22 1/2 hours, and Sutton, No. 31, 23 1/2 hours—they were not working that week, but I find them both entered in the pay-sheet in Merritt's writing—they appear to have been paid, by the pay-sheet—in consequence of something which came to my knowledge, on 21st February I sent for the two prisoners to my office, and asked Merritt to explain how Palmer was paid for the week ending February 8th when he was not at work—he said that the original Palmer had left, and another man of the same name had been put on in his place—if a man leaves, the foreman has the engaging of a fresh man—I said, "That is rather peculiar," and asked him the same question with regard to Sutton—he made the same reply, that Sutton had left, and another man bearing the same name was taken on, and he gave him the same number—I said to Blunt, "Had you any authority to take Sutton's money?"—he said that he had, and that he took it and gave it to Sutton just outside the hoarding—I showed him ticket D, signed "J. Sutton," and asked him if that was Sutton's signature—he said, "Yes."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. When a man is engaged he receives a metal ticket—his name is given, but I do not know many of their names personally—I can only tell by the books how many Palmers, Suttons, or Williams there were—when a man comes in the morning he drops his ticket into a box; and when they go to breakfast they take the tickets off the board, and when they come back they return them—if. a man did not receive the money he could get a special form from the foreman—he can get it at once; he would not have to go on the Saturday—when he gets the authority anybody he appoints could get the money any day of the week—the authority, when obtained, is equivalent to a bank-note, or cheque—when he has entered the time in the book he has to make up the pay-sheet—the ganger allowed the foreman to engage men at the beginning, but that has been stopped—the men change numbers; a man may be 13 at one part of the job, and 120 at another—he bears an excellent character—I engaged him—I made no inquiries at all—he had been with us fifteen or eighteen months before; and until this day in February, when I called him up, no complaint had been made against him—I do not know his father, but I know they are respectable people—he was always</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250017"/>
<p>timekeeper—he was recommended to me by a gentleman I have great confidence in—if a man wanted to go away the foreman would identify him—he gets a knowledge of men's faces.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. The person is identified both by his number and his name—he is paid on the badge and the name too—Merritt enters it in the book and the timekeeper would know—two Williams's are correct—I do not know either of them personally—I only went there about once a week and had no opportunity of becoming acquainted with the names and faces of the workmen—all documents go up to the chief clerk—if a person is unwell he can leave and come back a week afterwards when he recovers, and during the time he is away he would have the metal badge with him—we had a man named Bowdell working there—I am prepared to swear that two men named Palmer were not working there on February 8th—if a man wants to get his money in that week he can get it from the foreman; a good many workmen have been paid in that way—Blunt was not suggested by my foreman as being a likely and proper person to whom workmen should go if they wanted substituted pay—I never heard a word against Blunt—he told me he could not read—Williams 113 is not a fictitious person—he was absent from work for a whole week—he has given the information himself that he was away—Merritt had been timekeeper previously elsewhere—you may call the signature to this form J., or S., or T. Sutton—it is not Albert Reuben sutton; he is the man we are going to call to-day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. Some of the men who are absent are filled in as if they were there—the foreman signs the pay-sheet on Saturday after the men have been paid—it would be impossible for the foreman to check the number of men at work during the day, but every precaution is taken—I trusted entirely to Merritt—I have had experience in the largest works in London—we get reports from the timekeeper from day to day, and if there is reason to doubt it is compared with the timekeeper's book—there is a double return, and it is the duty of somebody in the central office to compare the two.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-94" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-94" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK REED</persName> </hi>. I am one of the pay clerks of the London County Council, Belvedere Road—Merritt was the timekeeper and Blunt a labourer and handy man—the wages are made out on pay-sheets on Fridays, and on Saturdays the wages are paid by clerks who come down—this sheet A was made out by Merritt; there are three Williams's on it Nos. 15, 38, and 122; Williams 15 has 25 1/2 hours, 11s. 8d.; he was not paid that day, nor was Williams No. 38—sheet E, for December 31st, is in Merritt's writing—Williams's Nos. 15, 38, and 122 appear on it—No. 113 was not paid that week, the other two were—according to this sheet there are no back payments due to No. 113—on the sheet of December 28th back payments are due to Williams 38, 8 hours, 4s. 7d., and Williams 122, 23 1/2 hours, 11s. 8d.—sheet B, for the week ending January 4th, is in Merritt's writing; there are five Williams's in it; No. 15, 43 1/2 hours, 14s. 6 1/2 d.—No. 38 is for the week only—Williams No. 113 was due on December 21st, and, Williams 122, December 28th, 11s. 8d.—I paid them all five together on January 5th—this is the receipt of Williams 113, and this of Williams 38—I took no receipt of Williams No. 15—I paid him on his metal ticket—I do not take a receipt if it is for the current week, if it is for a back week I do—on 28th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250018"/>
<p>December I paid Blunt for Williams 122, on his own responsibility, and got this receipt from Blunt for 11s.8d.—the body of it is Merritt's writing—if the man was absent there would be no irregularity in Merritt filling it up, but it would not be usual—a good many of these men are exca
<lb/>vators and very illiterate—in sheet 3, for February 8th, here is "Palmer No. 15, 23 1/2 hours, at 6 1/2 d., 12s. 9d."—I paid that to the man who pro
<lb/>duced the ticket, it is for the current week on the metal ticket and no name—I should not know the man at all—document I is signed by Palmer as paid by me on February 9th—this is the ticket; it is authority to Bowdell to receive the money—I only take a receipt when the money is for the previous week—this says, "I authorise you to pay the amount due to me on the pay list to Bowdell.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">F. BLUNT</hi>"—where it is for the current week the man acting as attorney does not sign, but for the past week he does—on the same pay-sheet for February 8th here is "Sutton 31, 23 hours, 12s. 9d."—I paid that on the authority of this document D for the current week, I do not know to whom; the body of it is Merritt's writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. The body of it is occasionally in the timekeeper's writing—there is nothing unusual in it—I do not always hear the names when they are called out, only the numbers.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. We identify them by the metal, we pay on the numbers only—the timekeeper's report is always countersigned by the foreman after it is paid—the foreman is the only check on the timekeeper—some of the men work in gangs—some of the sheets are countersigned by the foreman on Friday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-95" type="surname" value="BARCLAY"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-95" type="given" value="GORDON"/>GORDON BARCLAY</persName> </hi>. I am foreman of the works going on in Boun dary Street, Shoreditch—it is my duty to engage the men—I do not know all the men who are employed—I keep a check on the timekeeper as far as I can, by going round occasionally and counting the men at work—I occasionally look at his book, but cannot always find them there if a man is away ill or taken off his work—ninety men are employed daily on an average—if a man has to receive another man's wages, the usual course is for him to go to the timekeeper and fill up the form, and the timekeeper would acquaint me of it; sometimes on Saturday they do not apply for their money, and it is taken back to the head office—if a man was ill and did not receive his money, we should receive a notice from him authorising another person to receive it on his behalf, and the same sort of ticket would be filled up mentioning the name of the person who was to draw it—as far as I know three Williams's were engaged on the job—two of them, Benjamin and William, are in Court; their numbers are 113 and 38; 15 is absent—I cannot identify any other Williams as employed in the week ending 28th December, but there are no others booked—apart from Merritt's time-book I know nothing of Williams 122, but there may have been one, the books say that he was there—two Williams's are put down on the same date, I knew Sutton, employed on the job—I do not know from my personal knowledge that he was not employed on the job in the week ending 8th February, but I know it from the books—he is here as a witness, and I recognise him—Palmer I know as employed on the job, but only since this case—my business is to engage the men, and sometimes I depute it to the under foreman—about eight or nine fresh hands were engaged from 28th December to 8th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250019"/>
<p>February, and some were engaged by Bailey, the foreman of the excavators, by my authority—I saw some of them engaged, and gave him instructions how many to engage—after December 28th, Bailey said "We will have a few more on to-morrow"—he sometimes set on more than I thought was necessary, and I told him not to set on any more without consulting me, and he stopped it—eight or nine men were, I think, taken on; he would take them into the office and get their names taken by the timekeeper, who would put them in his time-book—there is no separate record; if the last number was 90, he would make the next 91, or if he was a timber-man he would take up the running number of the timber-men—I was a good many years in the trade before I was connected with the London County Council—there is not a ganger over every four, only over every dozen—it is not the practice in all cases to check the time through the gangers, but that is the usual practice—I have been on a job before where there is absolutely no check on the timekeeper—in the entry of Palmer's name in the time-book the figures do not look like the same ink in the entry of Sutton's name; the ink looks different to the figures of the number of hours Sutton is supposed to have worked—I do not see a line drawn as if it had been blank that week—I saw Blunt receive the 11s. 8d. for Williams, and sign for it in our office.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. When men are engaged there is no separate register of their names—I said, from memory, at the Police-court, that no fresh men were taken on from December 28th to February 8th; but I have refreshed my memory from what you may call a fair copy of Merritt's book—I am no more responsible than you may be—Mr. Holloway is in authority under me—the work is not done by contract—gangers used to set on without my seeing the men, or knowing their names.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. If you keep one hundred men there it is impossible to know who or what they are—if they were divided into five, six, or seven, and a ganger over each, it might be an efficient check on the timekeeper; but the London County Council might, perhaps, consider the cost—on one occasion I suggested that Blunt was a proper person to be substituted to receive payment—the men's wages are 6 1/2 d. per hour.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I kept this letter book, and made daily reports to the manager—I took from Merritt, the timekeeper, the number of men that is put on the daily report—I report daily the number of men employed each day, and I got that number from Merritt; the body of the report is made up by the timekeeper—according to my daily report, the number of men employed on Monday, 4th February, was sixty-six; according to Merritt's time-book, as it now appears, there were sixty-seven—on Tuesday, 5th February, eighty-three were employed according to my daily report; according to Merritt's time-book, eighty-five—on 6th February there were seventy-three, according to my daily report; seventy-four according to Merritt's time-book—the numbers on Thursday and Friday correspond—these are press copies of Merritt's daily reports—they are made up every night from his books—he fills in the number of men himself—he makes up the daily report, and this is the press copy of it—the lower portion is in my writing—I went through the book this morning, to check the figures—my handy man, Hasty, went through it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250020"/>
<p>with me—Merritt would enter on the day of the occurrence, from his own books, the number of men working, and it is sent up every evening.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-96" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-96" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BAILEY</persName> </hi>. I am a ganger, employed at the Boundary Street scheme of the London County Council works department—while that job has been going on I have sometimes engaged men—my duties are to look after the men and see they do their work in a proper kind of way, and see that the work is carried on properly—I have nothing to do with the time—I recollect engaging one Palmer (
<hi rend="italic">Palmer was called into Court</hi>)—that is the man; his name is Jim or James Palmer—I engaged Sutton as an excavator—they worked till the severe frost came—I engaged no other Palmer or Sutton, after those men, that I am aware of—26th January would be the frost, and I did not engage any fresh men after the long spell of frost began, somewhere about 26th or 27th, I should think—I should think there were fewer men at work after the frost—there would be no excavating in weather like we had—they were not paid during that frost.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>.—A number of men were engaged in February—I do not take down the names of men; I refer them to the timekeeper for that—Merritt takes their names—I have to look after them and see they do their work—I have nothing to do with the books—there were as many as 100 working during the open weather—the works could not proceed during the frost—there was a general stoppage, but men were employed, the ganger, foreman, timekeeper, and half a dozen men as well; that was the number at the latter end of the frost—fifty or sixty men were not engaged every day during the frost—I do not know if the Sutton here to-day is Albert Reuben Sutton—I have known Palmer for years; I knew his name was Jim Palmer—I am certainly not prepared to swear that there was not another Palmer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.—On 5th February eighty-three men were employed—there were a number of timber-men employed on this job, and they would be not so much affected by the frost—I had forgotten them when I said half a dozen men—they would make the number about eleven.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-97" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-97" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I came on to the job at Boundary Street on 17th December, and worked for three days, Monday, Tuesday, and Wed
<lb/>nesday, in that week, making 21 1/2 hours, which would come to 11s. 8d.—on the Thursday in that week I was ill and did not go to work—my ticket number was 113—I did not work the following week, ending 28th December, but I came back on 7th January, and went to work with the same number, 113—I gave that number up when I reported myself ill, but I had the same number when I came back—after I had been there a little time after 7th January my number was changed to 64—on 5th January I collected the 11s. 8d. for the week I went away ill, and gave this receipt, signed "B. Williams"—this document signed in my name, authorising Blunt to collect 11s. 8d. for me for the week ending 28th December, is not my writing; I did not authorise anyone to sign it, nor to collect the money for me—he never handed me any money—I know nothing about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. I do not know how many Williams's were engaged on the job—I did not know the names of the other men.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>. I had seen Blunt—I don't know whether he could read or write.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250021"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-98" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-98" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a timber-man—I was at work on this Boundary Street job; at the latter part of October and November, I believe it was—in the week ending 28th December I was only at work on one day, the Friday—I earned 4s. 8d., which I drew on the following Saturday week, 5th January, and signed this receipt ("G") for it—I know nothing of this document, signed "B. Williams," for 11s. 8d., and receipted "J. Blunt."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-99" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-99" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PALMER</persName> </hi>. I am a general labourer—I started on this Boundary Street job about 9th January, and worked up to 26th January—about then the bad frost began, and I did not work for the London County Council after that—I went to Mowlem's soon afterwards—I did not work for the London County Council on this job in the week ending 4th February—I did not authorise anyone to collect 12s. 9d. for wages for the week ending 12th February—I know nothing of this receipt signed "Palmer"—I never had the money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-100" type="surname" value="SUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-100" type="given" value="ALBERT REUBEN"/>ALBERT REUBEN SUTTON</persName> </hi>. I am a general labourer—I was engaged on this Boundary Street job, starting about three weeks before Christmas and working up to 26th January, when the frost began—I knocked off on account of the frost—I went on the same job again on 21st February—I did not work anywhere in the week ending 8th February; it was hard frost all that week—I did not authorise anyone to collect 12s. 9d. for me for that week ending 8th February, and I never received any money for that week—I know nothing of this receipt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. I do not know if there were other men named Sutton there or not—I was paid my wages—if I had received anything on this ticket I should have received more than was due to me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not hear of anyone else named Sutton while I worked there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The men on a job are called Bill, or Jim, or Harry—I might work with a man for weeks and never know his surname—there might be a man named Sutton and I not know it—the names are not all called out on pay day; they go by the numbers—I should not pay atten
<lb/>tion to any name but my own, and the moment I get my money I go away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">G BARCLAY</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The frost varied; sometimes it was too sharp for us to work, and occasionally we worked a day or two and then stopped—I think my daily report will give the state of the weather—this report is in Merritt's writing—on 4th February fifty excavators were employed, and they were working on that day—the 5th was frosty; we had eighty-three at work, sixty-six excavators working—on the Wednes
<lb/>day it was frosty; we had seventy-three at work, fifty excavators—we worked as far as we could till Mr. Holloway considered it was too hard for us, and then we stopped.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-101" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-101" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PEARCE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H</hi>).—On 23rd February I arrested Blunt on a warrant which I read to him, and which charged him with stealing 11s. 8d., the moneys of the London County Council, his masters—he made no reply then—on the way to the Police-court from the station he said, "A man named Sutton asked me to take his money for him. I told him to get his ticket, and bring it to me; I took it for him"—that was the only charge made against him at that time—on 25th February I arrested Merritt—I told him I was a police officer, and had a warrant for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250022"/>
<p>his arrest—it charged him with making false entries in a time-book and pay-sheet belonging to his employers, the London County Council—he said, "I suppose, then, I must go"—when charged by the inspector he said, "It is not true."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-102" type="surname" value="REID"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-102" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK REID</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I have no recollection of the person to whom I paid the money represented by the document to have been paid to Sutton—I should pay it on presentation at the window—I see "Blunt" at the bottom of it, where he has been authorised to receive the money—there is no other case in which I am able to connect Blunt with it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-301-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-301-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-301-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<rs id="t18950325-301-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-301-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-301-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">There were two other indictments against the prisoners for forging and uttering authorities for the payment of money, upon which no evidence was offered by the prosecution.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-301-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-301-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-301-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-302">
<interp inst="t18950325-302" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-302" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-302-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-302-18950325 t18950325-302-offence-1 t18950325-302-verdict-"/>
<persName id="def1-302-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-302-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18950325" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18950325" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18950325" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SMITH</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-302-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-302-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-302-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18950325-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-104" type="surname" value="DICKENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-104" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-302-offence-1 t18950325-name-104"/>George Dickenson</persName>, and stealing 19s. 6d.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURROW</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-105" type="surname" value="DICKENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-105" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DICKENSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 9, Ecclesbourne Road, Islington, and am a steam sawyer—on Saturday night, 2nd March, about eleven, I was in Ecclesbourne Road, with a little grandchild, three or four yards from my own door, when the prisoner, whom I knew well, said, "What, you, Dick?" and up with his fist and knocked me off the pavement into the road; and as soon as I was down he was on top of me, and put his hand into my pocket and took every farthing I had—he took half a sovereign and eight or nine shillings—I said, "Give me my money"—he went away and he came back, and I said, "If you don't give it back to me I will lock you up"—and I locked him up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-106" type="surname" value="EVER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-106" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY EVER</persName> </hi>. I live at 13, Ecclesbourne Road—I was in that road on 2nd March, a little after eleven p.m., with the prosecutor—I was walking down the street behind him, and the prisoner was standing at the corner—I passed and went to our door, and I heard a scuffle, and went back and saw the prisoner run—the prosecutor was then lying on the ground—the prisoner had got up, and ran away round the corner—about two minutes after the prisoner came back, and I asked him what he wanted to knock the poor old man down like that for—he said, "Did you see me do it?"—I said, "I did not see you knock him down, but I saw you get off him and run away"—he said, "Do you want to swear my life away, you little cow?" and he gave me a punch in the face twice—I got out of the way.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You stood talking to the prosecutor when I passed—when you came back he said to you, "Give me the money you took out of my pocket"—I did not see you knock him down, but I saw you get up and run away—I did not see where you ran to.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BRASIER</hi>. I am a joiner, of 42, Finsbury Street—I was in Ecclesbourne Road at 11.15 on this night—I saw the prisoner and the prosecutor on the ground struggling together—the prisoner got up and ran away, and in about two minutes he came back—I saw the prisoner smack the girl's face twice.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not called to give evidence the same day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-107" type="surname" value="STAUNTON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-107" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK STAUNTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Constable</hi> 483). I was in the New North Road, and saw the prisoner and prosecutor—the prosecutor said, "I shall give this</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250023"/>
<p>man in charge for knocking me down and robbing me in Ecclesbourae Road"—I said, "All right," and took him into custody—on the way to the station the prisoner said, "I came round the corner; the prosecutor shouted, 'Hulloa, Dicky' and he then accused me of knocking him down and robbing him"—the prosecutor had evidently been drinking; he was not drunk—he had a violent blow over the right eye, which was dis
<lb/>coloured; his cheek was cut—he looked as if he had been rolled in the gutter—his clothes and face were muddy—I searched the prisoner at the station; I found 2d. on him—he gave his name and address.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You came in front of the prosecutor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his statement before the Magistrate said that he saw the prosecutor with two or three people round him; that the prosecutor accused him of robbing him; that the prosecutor was so drunk that he could hardly stand; and that he (the prisoner) took him to the constable on the point.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18950325-302-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-302-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-302-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of Robbery.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in September</hi>, 1893.
<hi rend="italic">The constable stated that the prisoner was a violent man and a terror to his neighbourhood.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-302-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-302-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-302-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-302-18950325 t18950325-302-punishment-18"/>Twenty-two Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-303">
<interp inst="t18950325-303" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-303" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-303-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-303-18950325 t18950325-303-offence-1 t18950325-303-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-303-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-303-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-303-18950325" type="surname" value="CRABBE"/>
<interp inst="def1-303-18950325" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CRABBE</hi>,</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-303-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-303-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-303-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> Indicted for unlawfully committing wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MOYSES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Before plea</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">moved to quash the indictment. There were separate assignments of perjury, contained in different counts. Besides the assignments contained in the committal, there were other assignments upon which no committal was obtained from the Magistrate, and there were charges as to which the Magistrate had said the prisoner had nothing to answer. Application had previously been made to the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for leave to add counts, and the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">had refused such leave upon hearing that the proposed counts were in respect of matters upon which the Magistrate had refused to commit. Either the facts appeared on the depositions or they did not; if they did, the Magistrate refused to commit in respect of them; if they did not appear, then there was no authority under the Vexatious Indictment Act to add counts in respect of them without leave. Every count in the indictment contained assignments of perjury, which either were not before the Magistrate, or upon which he refused to commit, and there fore every count was embarrassing by reason of fresh matter being joined as to which there was no committal</hi> (Q. v. Aylmer; Q. v. Meaves; Q. v. Lord Mayor of London, 16, Cox).
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">contended that Count 3rd was perfectly founded on the committal, and that it was not touched by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR'S</hi>
<hi rend="italic">argument. As to the other counts, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">had power under Statute to amend the indictment by striking out assignments as to matters not dis
<lb/>closed in the depositions. All the counts dealt with the offence charged in the indictment, upon which the Magistrate had committed, and the charge was not altered or aggravated by the added counts.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MOYSES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">followed upon the same side</hi> (Q. v. Brown, 1, 2 B., 1895, p. 119.)
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">quashed the first and second counts, as they contained matters embarrassing, and not contained in the depositions; and Counts</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, and 6
<hi rend="italic">th, as they were founded on assignments upon which the Magistrate had refused to commit, the prosecutor not having availed himself of his opportunity of being bound over to prosecute in respect of them. With regard to the third count</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250024"/>
<rs id="t18950325-303-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-303-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-303-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="postponed"/>
<hi rend="italic">the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">desired a further affidavit to he filed, as there was conflict of fact as to the Magistrate's ruling, and further consideration of that count would be adjourned till next Session.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, March</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-304">
<interp inst="t18950325-304" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-304" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-304-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-304-18950325 t18950325-304-offence-1 t18950325-304-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-304-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-304-18950325 t18950325-304-offence-2 t18950325-304-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-304-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-304-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-304-18950325" type="surname" value="REUSCHEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-304-18950325" type="given" value="STANILAUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STANILAUS REUSCHEL</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18950325-304-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-304-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-304-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/> Unlawfully writing and pub
<lb/>lishing a false and defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18950325-name-110" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-110" type="surname" value="LEHNART"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-110" type="given" value="LOTHAR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-304-offence-1 t18950325-name-110"/>Lothar Lehnart</persName>, to which the prisoner pleaded justification.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. KEMP, Q.C</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TRAVERS HUMPHREYS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">C. MATHEWS, C. F. GILL</hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">H. AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-111" type="surname" value="MULLER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-111" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY MULLER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the service of Lothar Lehnart, at 46, Queen Victoria Street—on 24th October I purchased this copy of
<hi rend="italic">The Kohnische Volkszeitung</hi> of 18th October, at Segel's library, at Lime Street, in the City—the London office of that paper is 142, Clerkenwell Road—I was present at the Guildhall when Emile Hesse was prosecuted on account of this libel—the prisoner then went into the witness box on his behalf—I heard him say that he was responsible for the publication of this libel.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been employed by Lehnart for about three years—Emile Hesse was first charged with being the author of this article—Reuschel was away from England at the time of the first hearing—he returned, hearing that Hesse was charged, and came to the Police-court, and took upon himself the full responsibility for writing and pub
<lb/>lishing the libel—Lehnart's office consists of three rooms on the fourth floor at 46, Queen Victoria Street—there are two entrances to that house, one in Queen Victoria Street and one in Queen's Buildings, Pan
<lb/>cras Lane—outside and on the doors of the offices are the names, L. Lehnart, Limited, and Liman and Co.—Lehnart was registered as a com
<lb/>pany on 6th March this year, these proceedings having been instituted in October or November, 1894—I have been not quite three years at 46, Queen Victoria Street—there used to be up there the name of L. Lehnart—"Liman and Company" was up at that entrance; I never saw it at the Pancras Lane entrance—I never saw any names there—I go in by the Queen Victoria Street entrance, and sometimes by the other entrance—Opitz was with Lehnart about six months before I went there, three years ago in June—about five years ago I was introduced to Opitz in the German Club—I understood from Lehnart that Opitz was his manager, and he acted as his manager—people coming and inquiring for Lehnart would, if Lehnart was out, be shown in to Opitz, and would say, "Mr. Lehnart"—previously you went first into the clerks' room, the large office—there used to be five or six clerks—there are not so many now—anyone calling would go through the clerks' room into Opitz's room, and from that into Lehnart's room—there was a separate entrance into Lehnart's room, but the door was locked, and the only practical entrance was through Opitz's room—that arrangement is changed; you enter now the small room that used to be Opitz's, and there the clerk and myself are seated, and what used to be Lehnart's room is now Opitz's, and the larger room, which used to be for the clerks, is now occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Lehnart—she has</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250025"/>
<p>been a clerk there for about three or four months—Opitz was manager, and we had to obey his orders—I never heard Opitz say that he was Lehnart's partner—I have been told that Liman and Co. belonged to Lehnart, but I did not know who Liman was—as far as I know the business was Lehnart's—I believe that Lehnart was a director, and Opitz the secretary of Lehnart and Co.—there was one other director, Mr. Picker or Mr. Pickert; I am not quite clear about him—I cannot mention anyone beyond those who formed Liman and Co.—I heard that Mr. Weiss was a shareholder in Lehnart and Co.—before 1892 I saw Lehnart and Opitz in the German Club together just to say good day to; they were at a separate table—they knew each other; I cannot say if they were as intimate then as they were afterwards—I could not say if I ever heard other people describe Opitz as Lehnart's partner; I was always under the impression that he was his manager—I don't remember that people said in my hearing that Opitz was Lehnart's partner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have never known Opitz in any other capacity than that of manager—I think Lehnart came to 46, Queen Victoria Street in the spring of 1892, and he has continued there to the present time—I am a clerk and an inquiry officer—the business is to provide agents, and collect debts, to which Mr. Opitz attends—he has nothing to do with the inquiry business; that is only done by Lehnart and myself.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-112" type="surname" value="DOLBRICH"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-112" type="given" value="HERMANN"/>HERMANN DOLBRICH</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Lehnart—on 15th November I bought this paper, which is the issue of the
<hi rend="italic">Kohnische Volkszeitung</hi> of 15th November, in London.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-113" type="surname" value="GELD"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-113" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GELD</persName> </hi>. I live at 92, Paul Street, Finsbury—I am by profession a translator of languages—I am well acquainted with German—in the issue of this paper of 18th October I find an article headed "The Swindlers"—this is a correct translation of it—in the issue of 15th November is an article, "More About the Swindlers"—this is a correct translation of it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The word translated as "filched" means "stealing on the quiet," not "recovered."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The translations of the libels were read. They in substance charged Lehnart with conspiring with other persons to defraud German manufac
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-114" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-114" type="surname" value="LEHNART"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-114" type="given" value="LOTHAR"/>LOTHAR LEHNART</persName> </hi>. I am a foreign and commercial inquiry agent, of 46, Queen Victoria Street—I have read these libels on myself; there is not a word of truth in them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have three small rooms on the fourth floor at 46, Queen Victoria Street—on the doors are the names of L. Lehnart, Limited, and Liman and Co.—Liman and Co. is a Berlin firm established in 1879 or 1880, and I hold their agency for London, from February, 1886, until to-day—the Berlin firm has sold its business to someone else; I made an agreement with Messrs. Liman to still keep on the name of the firm—I have that agreement—I produce different papers relating to it—the agreement was that I paid them a certain consideration, and here is the bill drawn on me—we exchanged letters about it, and I paid them this bill—I have not got the agreement or the letters here, but I have the different forms, and all that relates to Liman and Co.; the letters are in Cologne, where I have another lawsuit; there was a long corre
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250026"/>
<p>about it in 1887 and 1888—the name of Liman and Co., from 1889 to 1895, continued to be outside my office—I have been three years at Queen Victoria Street—before that I was at 14, Trinity Square, as the accredited agent of Jhanke and Falksch, a Hamburg firm—I lost that agency through these libels, on 23rd October, 1894—no one but myself in England represents, or is known as, Liman and Co.—Lehnart has been Lehnart and Co. since 6th March, 1895—I am the director—Gustav Opitz is the secretary—his Christian names are Bernhard Gustav, as far as I know, at all times—I have the greatest possible confidence in him; he is honest and respectable—he was formerly my manager, and is now the secretary of the company of which I am director—Lehnart was turned into a company in order to get more money, through the sale, to fight these frivolous law suits; there is this and others connected with it—the memorandum of association is dated 6th March—the secretary is here; it is his duty to give information about the number of shareholders—Opitz was my manager—I have known him about twelve years—I cannot say I knew him intimately, but I knew him in a general way for twelve years past—it is my business to inform myself with regard to people and their characters—when people called and asked for me, Opitz has said he was Lehnart; he was engaged chiefly to receive nine
<lb/>tenths of all the visitors, because I could not see them all—people coming say, "Is Mr. Lehnart in?" and he would say, "Yes," and would talk to them, but there would be no misrepresentation about it—I occupied three rooms; the first was the clerks', the second Optiz's, and the third mine—in the old days they had to come through Opitz's room to get to mine—my room was not large enough for my purpose, so I have since taken the other one—the change of rooms was made in December last—Opitz had clerks to write the letters; he dictates the correspondence, and has shorthand clerks and so on—before the publication of the libel I had nine people; now I have only five; the libel has had great effect—Opitz signed "Lehnart" with my authority, because I could not always sign fifty or sixty letters—I was out a good deal—he might have had time to put "pp.," but he did not do it—I heard Opitz examined and cross-examined at the Clerkenwell Police-court—that did not shake my confidence in him—nothing was proved against him—I believe he said that in 1885 he knew Sugar—I cannot tell you if he said that he would call Sugar a swindler, and that he was one in 1885—it has perhaps slipped from my memory—I did not hear him say that he had traded as Martin, Cohen and Co, of Bombay—I swear he did not say, "I traded as Martin, Cohen and Co."—he said he was the London partner in the firm of Martin, Cohen and Co.—I only knew he was interested in that firm; whether he was a partner or not I cannot say—the date of that may or may not have been 1885 or 1886—I cannot tell you if he said that simultaneously he was interested in the firm of John Mowatt and Co., of 17, Great St. Helen's—he said Mowatt was a gentleman of China and Japan; it was a different firm—I heard Opitz say he had opened a banking account about 6th September, 1886, in his own name of Gustav Opitz, at the London and North-Western Distinct Bank, and that I gave him the reference—I heard him say that on 9th October he had opened an account at the London and North-Western District Bank for Walter Arnold and Co., the Australian people—I did not know that there had been a bankruptcy notice against him in June, 1885; I have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250027"/>
<p>nothing to do with his private affairs; I should not inquire into them till I was asked—he was not my confidential employe till lately—I was his reference to the bank in 1886—I did not know that a third bankruptcy notice was presented against him in December, 1886—I heard him say something to the effect that he opened, in the name of Louis Lancaster Clarke and Co., a third banking account on 30th December, 1886, with the London Trading Bank—I did not know that his wife's maiden name was Louise Lancaster Clarke; I cannot say whether he said it was—I don't think I heard him give as a reason that his wife's maiden name was Louise Lancaster Clarke—I only knew when I saw it in the
<hi rend="italic">London Gazette.</hi> that there was a petition in bankruptcy against Opitz in January, 1887—a receiving order was made against him on 28th January, 1887—I cannot say if there were produced to him at the Police-court a number of cheques, drawn by him before and after the receiving order had been presented, in the name of L. L. Clarke and Co.—I still believe in Opitz's honesty, or he would not be with me—I know nothing of false names—I know Opitz's writing very well—this signature "G. Opitz" is his to the best of my belief; I have not seen this document before—I see at the back of the document, as references, Mr. Hume and Mr. Lehnart, of 14, Trinity Square—I described Opitz as a respectable man, and so on; that was my honest opinion at the time—the signature, "Walter Arnold," on this document may be in his writing, or it may not—I am not an expert in handwriting, and I will not take the responsibility of saying—the signature, "Louis L. Clarke," is not in his writing; it does not look like his; I am not an expert—I cannot remember exactly whether I heard Opita admit before the Magistrate that it was in his writing—he failed for some
<lb/>thing over £6,000—very likely I heard him say at the Police-court that that was so—I knew nearly nothing about the bankruptcy—I saw the alleged debtors of Opitz in the lists; even I had to make a claim against him, not myself, but for a customer—I could not tell you if alleged debtors against the estate were Morris, Brandt and Co. or Messrs. Bernard and Co.—it might be that according to the statement he failed for some
<lb/>thing over £2,000 for debts contracted in the name of Gustav Opitz, and that the balance of £4,000, according to the statement he made, was a balance which he had been made responsible for, because he was a partner in the firms of Martin, Cohen and Co., of Bombay, and John Mowatt and Co., of London—I heard that Opitz left England at the end of 1885 in a coal ship going to Bombay from Cardiff—I heard him say he attended a lot of meetings of his creditors—I know he only attended the first meeting for himself, but I heard him say that he attended a lot of meetings; perhaps they were not all his own affairs—he had to go on urgent business to Bombay—he went in the coal ship to Bombay in 1885, and he returned in the early part of 1886—I heard him say that in March, 1887, a situa
<lb/>tion was offered him in Bombay by a firm of merchants, which he accepted, as he could not get a situation in London, and he stayed there several years—he was not in the names of John Mowatt or Walter Arnold—he was always trying to earn an honest living; am I not allowed to engage man of ability who has failed once?—is he the only man in London who has failed?—since Opitz's examination at the Police-court he has been promoted from being manager of my business to being the secretary</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250028"/>
<p>of my company; I have not done it, the meeting of the company has done it—I believe I am an honourable man—why should not I give a character to Lehnart, if I was applied to as Liman?—but I don't think I had any opportunity to do it—there was no occasion to give a character as Liman, when I was applied to as Lehnart—I cannot answer such questions off-hand; it depends on the question put to me from the Continent—
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> If a man resident in England came to you and suggested that goods should be obtained from a manufacturer abroad, which when they came here should be seized for the benefit of the man who came to you, and the manufacturer Abroad should be done out of his goods, would you listen to it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> If the manufacturer owes money on a judgment to an Englishman, why should not he seize his goods?
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Let me ask you further, would you be a party to the ordering of these goods, in another name than that of your friend, from the manufacturer, in order to get them over here?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A man can order whatever he likes, I have nothing to do with it—I should not have any occasion to be a party to goods being ordered in the name of a third person unknown to the manufacturer, in order to conceal the matter—I can hardly tell you whether for money I would engage in that trans
<lb/>action; it depends entirely upon the circumstances; mention a special case, and I will give you a definite answer—the signature to this letter is mine—it is in my own writing—it is 15th August, 1893—I knew Mr. Van Raalte in August, 1893—he wanted to place an order with a manufacturer in Chemnitz—I cannot tell you whether he had had some goods from the same manufacturer for which he had not paid—I believe Mr. Van Raalte had a judgment against the manufacturer—Van Raalte had not obtained from the manufacturer in Chemnitz goods for which he had not paid—Van Raalte pays everybody—I don't know much about Van Raalte's affairs except in a general way—I cannot tell you whether the German manufacturer brought an action against Van Raalte, or whether the German manufacturer was ordered to find security for costs, or whether he failed to find security——he had a judgment against some German manufacturer—I could not tell you whether that was the action started by the German manufacturer against Van Raalte for goods for which Van Raalte had not paid—Van Raalte mentioned the judgment he had got to me in conversation—I did not quite agree with him that if he wanted to get more goods from the German manufacturer he must not order them in his own name, but that the goods were to be ordered in the name of Mr. Vonleschik—I did not agree that the goods were to be ordered by Mr. Vonleschik; that when they came to England they should be seized at the instance of Van Raalte, sold for the profit of Van Raalte; and that I and Vonleschik were to stand in with Van Raalte for the proceeds, you are asking me matters for which I am not prepared—I have hundreds of cases in a month—I deny that I played a dishonourable part in that transaction—this letter from myself to Mr. Vonleschik is written by my clerk, but signed by me. (
<hi rend="italic">This letter, dated</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th August</hi>, 1893,
<hi rend="italic">stated that Van Raalte had had an action brought against him by a manufacturer at Chemnitz, but that as the manufacturer had not given security for costs he had lost the case, and was indebted to Van Raalte in nearly</hi> £90
<hi rend="italic">; that as Van Raalte would like to get the money he would put Vonleschik forward to give an order to the manufacturer at Chem
<lb/>nitz,</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250029"/>
<hi rend="italic">and that as soon as the goods arrived in London they would be seized by the Sheriff for Van Raalte on the English judgment, and that Van Raalte was willing to pay</hi> £10,
<hi rend="italic">to be divided between Vonleschik and the writer for their trouble, and that lie should like to meet and confer with him.</hi>)—this card was given to Mr. Van Raalte for him to present to Mr. Vonleschik, and on the front of it is my name, and on the back of it, written by me, "Mr. Vonleschik, to intro
<lb/>duce Mr. Van Raalte about the business which I mentioned to you in several letters, "but that card has a different bearing—this is not with regard to it—I cannot explain this letter—it is not the letter as I should have written it—I remember there was a question about this transaction at the time—I did not deny the transaction just now.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is that letter written by an honest man; yes or no to that?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, the clerk did not write the letter carefully—I heard Opitz say before the Magistrate that he was employed in London as the secretary of the Eastern Exchange, between February, 1890, and January, 1894—to the best of my belief that was true, and he was at the Eastern Exchange, Lime Street, between those dates—I cannot say I knew him well in those years—I knew him as I do a lot of other people—I knew what he was doing generally—he was several times in India—the second time he was there was from 1887 to 1889—I do not know of any other absence of his from England, except when he went in 1885 and in 1887—he was here partly from 1889 to 1895—he became my manager in February, 1892—he did not come to me direct from the Eastern Exchange; within a very short time he did—he was out of employment for perhaps a few months before he came to me; I cannot give you correctly the dates—I did not make inquiry—he attended to my business before he came, for a little time—I had to go to the Continent several times, and he looked after my things, once in the winter of 1891 and again in the January of 1892—from the winter of 1891 he was more or less engaged in looking after my affairs in my absence—it came to my knowledge that Mr. Bernhard Opitz was applying to people abroad to represent them, as an agent in a journey he was about to take to the East—I was asked to report upon him—I cannot say I gave him excellent testimonials, but people asked me, and I asked him whether he was going out to the East, and I spoke of him as a thoroughly trustworthy man, as he is—I remember the corre
<lb/>spondence between myself and Mr. Bernhard Opitz and the Company at Leige—Messrs. William Schmeisser are inquiry agents in Berlin—we had a lot of transactions with them—they corresponded with us, and took information from me for some years—in 1892 that connection closed—that was not in consequence of what they alleged to be a trick that I had played upon them, that I know of—6,000 or 7,000 letters have been ex
<lb/>changed between us—I thought that these were confidential reports—I replied to the confidential inquiry from Messrs. William Schmeisser by this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that he could obtain information as to firms in the East within two or three days; that lie sent a report as to how the business was transacted; that his reporter had spent the last twenty years in the East, and was now with his family on a recreation tour in England, and that he should advise that the reporter be directly communicated with.</hi>)—I enclosed in my letter this document purporting to be the statement of my reporter, and signed by G. Opitz; he gave me the information because</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250030"/>
<p>I did not know it myself, and I had to make inquiries from someone—Opitz was the reporter referred to in my letter—I wrote, "My reporter has spent the last twenty years in the East"; that was true—he went out to the East as far back as 1869 or 1870; he was a good deal in India, China, and Japan—he had been residing for a few years in England before he left Cardiff in the coal ship—in 1890 he was here getting together twelve manufacturers to travel for them in India and sell their goods—my letter also states, "He is now with his family on a recreation tour in England"—he was here; he wanted to go back again—his family lived in Bombay, and they came over from there and went back again—the letter was in my own writing—there is nothing untrue in those state
<lb/>ments; Opitz had been for the last twenty years in the East—he tried to go back to India; he came in 1887—Opitz sent me the report which I forwarded to Messrs. William Schmeisser. (
<hi rend="italic">This report gave details of the business he could do, and of the manner in which it would be done; and stated that he was about to start on his fourth voyage round the world, and had arranged with six English firms of the first rank for a year, at</hi> £100
<hi rend="italic">expenses each firm and three per cent, commission, and he would be glad to learn of others who would like to participate, as he intended to take ten agencies at</hi> £100
<hi rend="italic">each.</hi>)—Opitz intended to fulfil what he told me there; he told me so—I knew he had three or four English firms already—I inquired of one firm, Barclay, not of the others—I knew when I wrote the letter that Opitz was an undischarged bankrupt; I believe there were a lot of assets—he did not want credit; he wanted money for his travelling expenses, and I did not recommend him for credit—I cannot give you very much informa
<lb/>tion about that particular bankruptcy—the signature, "Bernhard Opitz," looks like his. Q. Would not you ask him why he had been Gustav up to this time and Bernhard Opitz now?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I am not answerable for the actions of others—I never saw this before—the object of my letter to Messrs. William Schmeisser was to get employment for Opitz—I got to know later on that he entered into communication with the company at Liege for the purpose of getting an agency—I first knew that when I had the matter in hand to get back the samples and settle with them; that was some time in 1891—on or about 2nd April, 1890, I got this letter from Messrs. William Schmeisser—there is something altered in a different ink—at the bottom of it is "Please write an answer at the other side of this leaf, in strict confidence"—the inquiry is for the agency of a "Belgian Ammunition Factory"—the answer on the other side was written by one of my inquiry officers—you should ask the inquiry officer who gave the report why the name Bernhard Opitz was given—I did not write the answer—it is from my office. (
<hi rend="italic">This letter stated that the person inquired after had field a position in Japan, and had visited the ports of Japan and China repeatedly; that he was now for a short time in London, preparing to start in a short time on a travelling tour in the East, for a number of first-class English firms, such as Lion, Lion and Son, Barclay and Sons, Limited, Welsh, Marget on and Co., Perkin, Son and Rayment, receiving</hi> £100
<hi rend="italic">for expenses, and commission from each; that, according to information given him by the firms named, the man was clever, experienced in business, and enjoyed their fullest confidence; and that he believed he could be trusted with samples to the value of</hi> 1,500
<hi rend="italic">francs.</hi>)—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250031"/>
<p>inquired of Barclay, or Burge and Son—if I remember we inquired of all the four firms; Mr. Sternberg, my inquiry officer, went himself, and I believe some of the inquiries were in writing—very likely I can produce them, but I am not prepared for all these questions—Opitz, I know, paid back the money he received from those English houses—I believe he re
<lb/>ceived £20, £30, or £40 on account of the journeys—Messrs. William Schmeisser asked, "Is he experienced and clever? How is his past?"—you should ask Sternberg about it; I am not doing every bit of work myself—Messrs. William Schmeisser were paying me 1s. for information, and they got their shillingsworth—I know now that Opitz got money from the Liege Company; I did not know it at the time—I did not speak to Opitz about that agency—very likely I overlooked it, or did not think of it at the time—he was not in my employment at the time—we were not enemies, but we were not so intimate as to discuss every bit of business—my inquiry officer went to those four firms; we got information from Perkin, Son and Rayment—this letter is in G. Opitz's writing; it is addressed to Perkin, Son and Rayment—I have not seen this letter before—I gave no information to Perkin, Son and Rayment; they never applied for any, according to the best of my belief—even if Opitz was giving me as a reference to the English firms, I giving him a good character to those English firms, is there any
<lb/>thing wrong in it? I did not do it—the English firms did not apply to me, if they had done so I should have told them my honest opinion, and given Opitz an excellent character—G. or B. Opitz is his name—I did not know at the time that Opitz received in June, 1890, about £50 from the Liege Company—I first knew that he had received £50 from that company for his travelling expenses to India, in 1891—so far as I know Opitz did not leave England in 1890—he made no false representations—from what Opitz explained to me in 1891, he wanted twelve manu
<lb/>facturers; he only got five, and so he had not enough money to go abroad—I saw him several times in 1890—I had nothing to do with his going abroad—I asked him in 1890, "Have not you gone?"—he always said, "I have not enough firms;" he represented, "I want some more"—I knew he got samples from the Liege firm, besides the £50—those he returned—I cannot tell you whether I made any communication to Messrs. William Schmeisser as to Opitz not proceeding to the East; I do not remember it—I think Opitz went away in 1890—I am not sure whether Opitz was in England between February, 1890, and January, 1892—I might have told you an untruth—I am not accountable for him—I received this letter, of April 9th, from Messrs. William Schmeisser and Co. (
<hi rend="italic">This asked for information as to Mr. Bernhard Opitz.</hi>)—this is my reply, in my writing. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that he had obtained information that Bernhard. Opitz had gone in July</hi>, 1890,
<hi rend="italic">by steamer from London to Colombo, and that it was said that he had resigned the representations which he had accepted, in order to be able to devote himself exclusively to representing an English firm, who guaranteed the whole of his travelling expenses of</hi> £1,000;
<hi rend="italic">that it was said he was seized with fever in Burmah and left directly for Australia; that it was pretended his samples were deposited with a firm at Colombo, and that Opitz intended to bring them back on his return from Australia; that his relations were not possessed of more detailed news, as his last letter arrived a few months back, and it was</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250032"/>
<hi rend="italic">thought the samples were already on their way back from Colombo; that if they would send him</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Lehnart</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">a power of attorney, he would take possession of the samples as they became recoverable, but that he feared the travelling expenses could not be recovered, as the man had really travelled.</hi>)—I obtained the information that Bernhard Opitz had left England in July, 1890, to go by steamer to Colombo—
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Why Mr. Bernhard Opitz at that time was employed as the secretary to the Eastern Exchange?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Did not he go out for the Eastern Exchange? I did not know he did not—I did not see him sometimes; did not I protect the people abroad, did not I recover these arms, and did not he pay back the money he got?—it is true that he resigned the representations he got in order to devote himself exclusively to represent a Manchester firm for whom he had to conclude contracts for spinning mill fittings in the Colonies, and who guaranteed him the whole of his travelling expenses of £1,000—I don't know exactly Opitz's arrangements; I only know what he told me—he could not get the money, and he went for one firm; he was in negotiation with Mr. Hume to transfer this agency to him—what was in my letter was correct at the time, only I cannot say four years afterwards how it arose at the time—Captain Bateman told me Opitz was seized with fever—Opitz had relations; he was staying with them—I never entered the Eastern Exchange in my life; it is three or four minutes' walk from Queen Vic
<lb/>toria Street, but he was not always there; he was travelling for the Eastern Exchange—he was seized with fever and left directly for Aus
<lb/>tralia—I do not know that his samples were not deposited with a firm at Colombo, that is what was told me—Mr. Bateman told me Opitz intended to bring them back with him on his return from Australia, and that it was thought they were possibly already on their way back from Colombo—I did not ask Opitz, because he was not in London at the time; I did not see him myself—I cannot swear that in April, 1891, when I wrote this letter, Opitz was not in London—I believe he was not in London, but travelling, and this information was given by Captain Bateman, who staysor lives with him—I will not swear one way or the other whether Opitz was in London—I do not say that the information I gave to the people abroad was false; it was what I found out at the time and reported—after writing the letter very likely I saw Opitz, or I saw someone at the house—I am not prepared for all these questions; it is four or five years back, I cannot remember all these facts—Opitz, recommended through me to Schmeisser, had not got goods on credit from the Liege Company; he had got goods valued at £16—the Liege Company, through Schmeisser, asked for information about him, and I gave it—at the time I wrote, "In June or July, 1890, he is said to have been in Colombo," it was April, 1891—
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> At that time were you not in communication with that very man in London?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I cannot remember the dates—I saw him very likely shortly after
<lb/>wards, when I got back the samples and the money—I cannot tell you if I saw him shortly before I wrote that letter; I cannot remember—I think he was not in London at the time; I cannot say as to the dates—I asked there for a power of attorney—very likely I got the power of attorney, and then I went or sent someone about the samples—his relations were living in Brixton at that time, at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250033"/>
<p>Spinham Road, very likely—I did not go myself to see him—his uncle, Mr. Bateman, gave me the information: "His relations were not possessed of any more detailed news, judging from his last letter"—it was not a tissue of lies about the samples being thought to be on their way back from Colombo, you misrepresent his report—I reported what I found out—the report is correctly translated—it is what I was informed at the time—I did not verify it—the price, 1s., was not so low that the information must be false; it is quite correct—I remember some
<lb/>thing in the libel to that effect—I never gave false information in my life, this was reported to me—1s. is the charge of all the offices—when I said, "That is really a cheap way to make a tour round the world; what clever ideas some people have!" I should have liked to make the journey myself and represent the manufacturers, not in the same way, or on the same terms; but I am very fond of travelling—I did not mean, "What a rascal this Opitz is!"</p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">here stated that they found the prisoner</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-304-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-304-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-304-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and that the libel was justified by the evidence adduced.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18950325-304-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-304-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-304-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner was again indicted for unlawfully writing and publishing a false and defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18950325-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-115" type="surname" value="OPITZ"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-115" type="given" value="GUSTAV"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-304-offence-2 t18950325-name-115"/>Gustav Opitz</persName>. The prisoner had filed a plea of justification.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEMP</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-304-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-304-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-304-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, March</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-305">
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<persName id="def1-305-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-305-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18950325" type="age" value="59"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18950325" type="surname" value="MAISTRE"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18950325" type="given" value="FRANCIS LE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS LE MAISTRE</hi> (59)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-305-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-305-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-305-18950325" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-305-18950325" type="surname" value="HOARE"/>
<interp inst="def2-305-18950325" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HOARE</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-305-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-305-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-305-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Feloniously breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t18950325-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-118" type="surname" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-118" type="given" value="ALFRED EDWIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-305-offence-1 t18950325-name-118"/>Alfred Edwin Charles</persName> and stealing 432 bundles of artificial flowers and other goods.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count,</hi> receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Hoare, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Le Maistre.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-119" type="surname" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-119" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED CHARLES</persName> </hi>. I am an artificial florist, trading as Charles and Company, at 120, Fore Street, where I have two rooms on the first floor—I have been fifteen years in the trade; six years on my own account—on the morning of 6th February I found my premises had been broken into, and missed artificial flowers value £37 10s. and seven boxes of black ostrich feathers, worth £5 10s., five pounds of boa feathers, value £15, and about four pounds of black-dyed ostrich feathers, worth £12—I afterwards missed some birds and some samples of fancy feathers—I have since seen the property, and I have identified it as my goods—the flowers ure new French goods just from France—it would be impossible for any
<lb/>one who knew the trade to think they were worth £4—these feathers produced by Lewis are my property, and also these found at Hoare's and at Le Maistre's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. I left my premises safe at half-past ten on 5th February, and I came back at 9.20 on the 6th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>. They were perfectly new goods when they were in my warehouse—they were not really a job line—they were not in boxes a little crushed or damaged when they were in my place—a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250034"/>
<p>lot of them were taken out of the glass case that we had specially made, for showing our best goods in—we had only just put them in the case, and some were only just marked off the invoice—they have not been handled by customers looking at them—a great many of the flowers are not last season's flowers, nor are they principally
<hi rend="italic">oddments</hi>—certain of them are expensive patterns we got over to copy, but the bulk of them are goods in a range of colours—there are lilies of the valley in three colours—those goods are samples—they are new goods, and worth £37 10s.—there were a few asters left from last season, but they were nothing of any value—the price of goods a little damaged or a little out of fashion does not go down to a wonderful extent at the commencement of the season—it would depend on the goods what they were worth—lilies of the valley are made the same pattern year by year, but expensive flowers, like orchids, would be depreciated—these were regular goods, like cowslips—if they were last season's goods and had been handled a good deal, they would not be reduced by seventy or eighty percent, if they were clean stuff like this—if someone brought me a parcel of goods of this character which I saw were last season's goods and had been handled, I should not offer anything, because if goods of this description were brought to me as clean and in good condition they would come either by felony or by a party going bankrupt—I am not a job dealer—I have no knowledge of what job dealers do—I never came across anything like it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Those flowers were in my show-case, and they were stolen out of it—when I saw them at Spencer Street they had been re
<lb/>boxed—they were not then depreciated to the value of five percent., and since I have looked through them at the station carefully I find they have not depreciated that much—they have my marks on them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-120" type="surname" value="SAMUELS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-120" type="given" value="MAXIMILIAN MORRIS"/>MAXIMILIAN MORRIS SAMUELS</persName> </hi>. I am an artificial flower manufacturer—I have had twenty-six years' experience of the trade—I have seen the fifteen cases of artificial flowers, and should say they must have cost £27—I looked through them in the Court—they are French goods—they are not a job lot.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. I made an examination of them for about five or six minutes—I should not want much more—I noticed Charles's ticket on every one of them—I know that ticket in the trade.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The very first thing in getting rid of stolen property would be to take off the ticket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-121" type="surname" value="HAMBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-121" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HAMBRIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am an artificial florist, of 23, Spencer Street, Goswell Road—on Saturday night the 9th of February, I bought this case of artificial flowers from a man named Wright for £4 5s.—I have a receipt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. Wright was not introduced to me on the 8th—I saw him on the 8th—Lilly is a traveller—I have been in busi
<lb/>ness for about eighteen years.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>. I hardly saw them when I bought them through the introduction of Mr. Lilly—they were muddled up in the box, and I thought they were in the job line, and I bought them as a job line, which I was told they were—I did not look at them enough to see whether they were French goods of this season—Lilly took the lid off and said they were worth the price, and I just looked at them and gave him £4 5s., and 5s. for himself—it was a foggy morning and the gas was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250035"/>
<p>alight, and I could hardly see them, and I never opened the box again until the police took them away—the police came on the evening of the 9th, the same night that the flowers came.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-122" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-122" type="given" value="FREDERICK THOMAS"/>FREDERICK THOMAS WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am a stock and job buyer—I live at 60, Walnut Tree Walk, Lambeth—I have no place of business—I have known Le Maistre ten or twelve years as a job buyer and commission agent—I have only had one previous dealing with him—that was in January—my late governor dealt with him then—on Thursday, February 7th, I saw him at Mr. Lewis's, 39, Aldersgate Street—I sold those artificial flowers to Mr. Hambridge—I saw them being offered by Le Maistre to Lewis, as I went in on business to see Mr. Lewis; and as I saw him transacting the business I left the warehouse and waited outside, and then Le Maistre asked me if I would buy the flowers—I said "Has not Lewis bought them?"—he said "No, he said he could not give me more than £2 for them"—I said "What would you take for them?"—he said, "I want three guineas"—I said, "I will give you 50s.," and eventually I bought them for £2 17s.—I afterwards sold them to Mr. Hambridge for £4 5s.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. I saw Le Maistre offer them to Lewis on February 7th, and the same day I bought them for £2 17s, and cleared them the next morning—on the 9th I sold them for £4 5s.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>. I have known Le Maistre for some years—I was for many years foreman to Mr. Edwards, from 1880—while I was there I had several transactions with Le Maistre as doing business with Mr. Edwards—I never heard complaints made against Le Maistre's character while I was with Mr. Edwards; he was a job buyer—Le Maistre did not mention for whom he was selling the flowers—Mr. Lilly re-boxed them for me—I saw the goods at Mr. Lewis's; I bought them from Le Maistre after I met him outside—I should describe them as an odd lot, and I thought I was giving fair value for them when I gave £2 17s.; they were in a very rough condition when I bought them—when I sold them, after the expense of re-boxing, I cleared on the trans
<lb/>action about £1 1s.—Mr. Lilly being in the trade he could re-box them better—I thought I gave a fair price and made a fair profit.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I could have re-boxed them, but not so well, not having his experience in the trade—I have not had great experience in the trade in handling goods.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-123" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I am a stock and job buyer, and carry on business at 20A, Aldersgate Street—on Thursday afternoon, February 7th, LeMaistre came to me and offered me about seven boxes of flowers—I did not buy them—on the 8th he sold me about seven boxes of birds, of which these are a portion, for 20s.—he also sold me twenty-four plumes, such as these, for 8s.—I afterwards sold these goods, but on the Tuesday they were inquired for by the police, and I wrote immediately and got them back.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. The eleven boxes of flowers were offered to me for £5; I refused to pay that, because I thought that £5 was too much—some of the boxes were crushed and broken and very untidy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>. I said I did not think they were worth £5—I should describe them as a job lot of flowers—I gave 20s. for some feathers which I afterwards sold for 25s., subject to discount of five</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250036"/>
<p>per cent., or two and a half per cent. at about four months' credit—I did not make very much out of it—it was the best price I could get—I have known Le Maistre from ten to fourteen years as a stock and job buyer and commission agent—I never heard anything against his respectability.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I never heard of his dealing with Bill Hall or of his buying from stalls in Whitecross Street until this case—I did not look at the goods very carefully because I was overstocked with flowers, and did not want to purchase—I took his word for their being a job lot.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-124" type="surname" value="JOLLY"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-124" type="given" value="ALFRED ERNEST"/>ALFRED ERNEST JOLLY</persName> </hi>. I am a commission agent and traveller, at 43, Barbican—Le Maistre brought these boxes of ostrich feathers to me on Wednesday, 6th February, between five and six, and said, "I have a good job line of feathers to show you"—I said, "Let us see them. How much do you want for them?"—he said, "£4 10s."—I said I could do nothing with them and refused to buy them—he said, "Lend me £5 and I will buy them myself"—I said, "I will not lend you £5. I will lend you £3 on the condition that you leave the feathers in my office"—ultimately I lent him £3 and he left me the feathers—I saw a report in the newspapers of this case, and then I went to the police and gave the feathers up.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. I know Hoare as being a buyer in Whitecross Street—I should say that flowers of this kind may be found sometimes on barrows in Whitecross Street; they sell all kinds of goods there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>. Le Maistre had a few feathers with him, when he came to me; he said these were samples; he had about 200or something of that kind—he told me he had paid 10s. for the sample bundle he had; he offered to sell the bulk to me and I refused—I sent him the £3 in gold, and he went away with the money and came back with the feathers, which he deposited with me—I have known him for four or five years as a commission agent—I have always thought he was a respectable man of business.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-125" type="surname" value="WISE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-125" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WISE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant, City</hi>). I had information given to me, and I ultimately saw Hambridge and Wright, and took Wright into custody on 11th February—at eight o'clock that evening I saw Le Maistre at Moor Lane Police-station, where he was detained by Pickard—as I entered the station Le Maistre advanced towards me and shook hands with me, and said, "Good evening, Mr. Wise"—I said to him, "I have received certain information that a large quantity of flowers and feathers have been stolen from Messrs. Charles, of 120, Fore Street, and I find that you have sold them to a Mr. Wright, who is in custody"—I had Wright fetched in from the cells, and said in the presence of the two, "Is this the man, Mr. Wright, you bought the flowers from?"—Wright said, "That is the man I bought the flowers from; I gave him £2 17s., and this is the receipt," handing me a receipt for £2 17s.—I said, "How about the feathers?"—Le Msaistre aid, "I never had the feathers"—I said, "I can prove you offered them for sale"—he said, "It is not true; I am selling these things on commission for Bill Hall, who keeps a stall in Whitecross Street"—I asked him if he could give me Bill Hull's address, or show me any receipt for the goods—he said, "I don't know where Bill Hall lives. I can give you no receipt; I sell on commission"—on 19th February I saw Hoare in a public-house in Bunhill Row—I said, "Hoare, are you Bill?"—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250037"/>
<p>said, "Yes, Mr. Wise"—I said, "I have a lot of feathers, and a man named Masters in custody, and from what he said I believe he had the goods from you"—he said, "I have let Masters have goods"—I said, "I wish you to come to the station and look at them"—I showed him all the goods—as to one box he said, "Yes, I know I let Masters have this"—I said to him at the station, "I shall charge you with being concerned with Masters with breaking and entering and stealing and receiving these goods"—I searched his house—I brought away about four hundred receipts for goods, but I found nothing relating to this charge—on the second hearing his brother brought me this receipt, and said, "After he had gone away we found that receipt"—the receipt is "Mr. Hall, bought of J. Hicks"—I had not heard of Hicks before—the prisoner's brother gave me the address, 56, Farringdon Road, and I went there with the prisoner's brother, but I found no Hicks there—I have known Le Maistre for about seventeen years as a commission buyer and job buyer; I have had to follow and watch him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. I showed Hoare fifteen boxes of flowers at the station—he said, "I am sure I let Mr. Masters have those"—I asked him about the feathers, and he said, "I never had the feathers; Mr. Masters never had them from me"—in answer to the charge he said, "The receipt for these goods is at home; mother has it"—on the way to the Court on the first hearing Hoare said, "I bought these at my stall of a man named Hicks, who lives at 60 or 62, Far
<lb/>ringdon Road"—the date on the receipt is February 8th—I said, "What sort of a man is Hicks?"—he said, "He is a tall man, and he told me he had bought these goods at a stall"—I have known Hoare since he was a lad; I know he cannot read or write—I found in the house a number of these cards, "Hall and Hoare, job and stock buyers to any amount."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I know of no Mr. Hall—I never knew Hoare to have a partner named Hall.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-126" type="surname" value="PICKARD"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-126" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PICKARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Plain-clothes Constable</hi>). On 7th February, about six o'clock, I saw Le Maistre in Long Lane—I was acting under Wise's instructions—I said, "Mr. Le Maistre?" he said, "Yes"—I said, "Ser
<lb/>geant Wise wishes to see you at Moor Lane Police-station very particu
<lb/>larly"—he said, "Do you know what it is about?"—I said, "I hardly know; he had best tell you"—I took him to the station and waited till Wise came there, and I told him he was waiting about some flowers—he said, pointing to some flowers in the muster hall, "I can answer for them; I have a receipt."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-127" type="surname" value="HALLAM"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-127" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK HALLAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, City</hi>). I searched Le Maistre's house at Stroud Green, and found there twelve feathers, which have been produced and identified as Charles's property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-128" type="surname" value="WACKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WACKETT</persName> </hi> (882,
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). I Was at Moor Lane Police-station on 19th February, when Hoare was in custody—I cautioned him and said that what he said might be given in evidence against him—he said, "On the Wednesday morning a tall man came to me at the stall in White-cross Street and produced some boxes, and said they contained flowers; I looked at them. He said they were broken up; he asked me £4 for them. I gave him £3 and told him to come next day, when I gave him £1 and sent them home by my brother."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250038"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. Hoare has a stall in Whitecross Street—he had a partner named Hall, who has retired, I think.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for Hoare.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-129" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-129" type="given" value="LUKE"/>LUKE BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I live at 7, Elizabeth Place, Whitecross Street—until September last I had been in Pickford and Co.'s employ for twenty-one years, but I was invalided—on a Wednesday, between half-past eleven and twelve, I was in Whitecross Street, at Hoare's stall, when a man came up on the off-side of the barrow, and he said to the prisoner Hoare, "I have a job lot," or "a job line of flowers that I can sell you cheap"—he had either three or two boxes strapped in front, and three or two behind, over his right shoulder—Hoare went round to him, and the man opened one of the boxes and showed Hoare the goods—I did not look at them—the colour of the man's hands was as if he was in the flower line, or something of that sort—after Hoare had viewed the goods, the man strapped the goods up, and they went down the street in the direction of a public-house, and out of my view.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Before the Magistrate I was under the impression that this was on a Tuesday, because I always see the doctor on Tuesday—I come voluntarily to give evidence—I could not distinctly swear to the man who brought the goods—he said he had a job lot or line of feathers or flowers—he may have said it was a job lot of goods—Hoare deals in all sorts of goods; general drapery, I believe it is—I don't know if he often deals in flowers—I have known him for a few years—I am not a particular friend of his—I have seen Le Maistre pass by his stall; I have not seen him buy or sell anything there—I did not know when I went to the Police-court that it was flowers he was accused of stealing; I got it since from the facts; I heard just now he was accused of buying them—I did not know they were stolen.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The boxes were very much like these, and two wooden boxes—I did not notice if some of them were apparently much broken.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-305-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-305-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-305-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-306-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-306-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18950325" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18950325" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18950325" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CLARK</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-306-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-306-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-306-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18950325-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-131" type="surname" value="HILLSTRON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-306-offence-1 t18950325-name-131"/>John Hill
<lb/>stron</persName>, and stealing £6 his money.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEWARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-132" type="surname" value="HILLSTRON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-132" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HILLSTRON</persName> </hi>. I am a sailor—on 15th March I was stopping at the Sailors' Scandinavian Home—on the early morning of that day I was coming home from the theatre, and lost my way, and I asked people the way home, and then I was standing on the side walk when the prisoner came across the road from the other side, and struck me right in the face, and I fell down, and at the same time three or four men were on me; I did not see where they came from—they tried to hold me down—they escaped and ran away, and I raised myself up—the policeman brought the prisoner to me—at the time he struck me he took £6 out of my pocket and my pocket knife—he was brought to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had been to the theatre—I had been drinking—I had never been in London before—there were a good many people about at first—I am a Swede—there were three or four people about me when I was knocked down, but I had never seen them before—it was done all in a moment—I was struck on the nose, and then they had me down, and I was scratched by the side walk when I fell—I was not drunk at the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250039"/>
<p>time it happened; I had been walking about for an hour trying to find ray road—I did not say at the station that the policeman was in the job; I asked two policemen my way home—I did not see the faces of the other men; they all went away as soon as I raised myself up—the first man the policeman brought back I said was the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-133" type="surname" value="UNWIN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-133" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR UNWIN</persName> </hi> (63
<hi rend="italic">H.</hi>) About one a.m. on 15th March I was off duty in plain clothes standing with 408
<hi rend="italic">H</hi> in Mile End Road—I heard cries of "Police"—I ran and saw the prosecutor lying on the ground in the road, struggling with two or three men, and I saw the prisoner running away across the road—I ran after him along Mile End Road and up Eagle Place, a blind turning, where he stood up in a dark place—I caught hold of him and said, "You will have to come back with me to the Mile End Road"—he made no answer—Mustard got hold of one side of him and I the other, and we took him back to the prosecutor, who put his hands on the prisoner's shoulders and said, "That is the man that struck me"—the prosecutor was bleeding from a wound in the forehead, and his left cheek was red and swollen—when he spoke the prisoner went to say something, and we heard some
<lb/>thing rattle in his mouth—we threw him on to the ground, turned his face downward, seized his lower jaw and extracted £3 10s. in gold from his mouth—we took him to the station, where in answer to the charge he said, "I picked the money up off the ground"—the prosecutor said, "You were in it, and so was the policeman"; and the prisoner then repeated to the inspector, "Don't forget the policeman was in it."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prosecutor had been drinking, but he was not drunk; he signed the charge-sheet.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his statement before the Magistrate said that the prose
<lb/>cutor was standing showing his money to everybody who passed; that someone knocked against him and he dropped the money, and that he (the prisoner) picked up</hi> £3 10s.;
<hi rend="italic">and that the graze on the prosecutor's fore
<lb/>head was caused by his falling down when drunk.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-306-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-306-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-306-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in December</hi>, 1893,
<hi rend="italic">at this Court, in the name of George Clark.—
<rs id="t18950325-306-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-306-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-306-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-306-18950325 t18950325-306-punishment-19"/>Five Year' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-307">
<interp inst="t18950325-307" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-307" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-307-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-307-18950325 t18950325-307-offence-1 t18950325-307-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-307-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-307-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-307-18950325" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-307-18950325" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY COOPER</hi>,</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-307-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-307-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-307-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>Stealing a purse and other articles from the person of
<persName id="t18950325-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-135" type="surname" value="HOARE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-135" type="given" value="MARY MARTHA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-307-offence-1 t18950325-name-135"/>Mary Martha Hoare</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LATHAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-136" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-136" type="surname" value="HOARE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-136" type="given" value="MARY MARTHA"/>MARY MARTHA HOARE</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, living at the Royal Naval College, Penge—on 6th March, at Holies Street, I got in an omnibus going from Oxford Circus to Holborn—I sat at the further end on the left—the prisoner got in, and sat on my right—he had a coat over his arm—he sat round facing me and moving his left hand all the time—I had in my pocket a purse containing 12s. 6d.—when I got out at Snow Hill Station the conductor said something to me, in consequence of which I felt to see if I had got my purse, and found it had gone—my pocket was an ordinary deep dress pocket—the purse could not have slipped out—after a policeman had been called, the prisoner said, "Here is your puree, lady, on the seat"—this is my purse.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The omnibus was quite full—I was suspicious; I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250040"/>
<p>thought somebody was after my purse, and I put my hand in my pocket three or four times to see if it was safe, and I never missed it till the constable asked me—I was more watchful than I should have been had I not been suspicious—I scarcely know that I should have caught him if he had taken my purse from my pocket; I might have—I did not see the purse in his hand, nor find his hand in my pocket—I merely noticed that he was moving his hands about in a very suspicious manner—I presume everybody in the omnibus knew that there was some reason for the con
<lb/>ductor calling the police and making the complaint—I did not hear the fact of my having lost my purse being rather loudly proclaimed—I heard no one accuse the prisoner of taking the purse—he said at once, "Here is the lady's purse on the seat"—my pocket was on the right side of my dress.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-137" type="surname" value="SIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-137" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SIMMONS</persName> </hi>. I am a metropolitan stage carriage conductor, No. 3,101—I live at 7, Earlsmead Road, Kensal Green—Mrs. Hoare was a passenger from Oxford Circus, sitting at the top near-side corner—after a time the prisoner got in, and sat in a seat near her—he had his coat on his left arm, and afterwards he changed it on to his right arm—the way he sat was very suspicious; he covered the actions of his right hand with his left—he was fumbling about, and I was watching him all the time—at Holborn Circus I asked him for an excess penny, and I saw him fumbling with some silver under his mackintosh coat—on arriving at Snow Hill Station the lady got out, and when she was on the ground I stopped and spoke to her, and put her back on the step till I got a constable—I saw two constables on duty, who came across, and during that time a policeman got off the top of the omnibus—the prisoner heard me calling for the policeman—I said to the policeman, "The lady has lost her purse; I want your assistance," or something to that effect—the prisoner then came out and said, "The puree is on the seat"—a passenger handed me the purse—I afterwards found this part of a clasp at the bottom of the omnibus, at Liverpool Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner had some silver in his right hand, going over Holborn Viaduct—the prisoner came forward when the policeman was called and when the omnibus was at a standstill—he could see by my placing the lady on the step that something was the matter; every
<lb/>body was looking—I called the policemen by the corner after passing Snow Hill Station, about one hundred yards on—after going that hundred yards I called the policemen and said, "This lady has lost her purse, and this man has got it"—had the prisoner got out of his place before then I should have stopped him—he came out and was on the step soon after the lady got off—he had not much chance to get away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-138" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-138" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY MARTIN</persName> </hi> (622,
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). On 6th March I was a passenger on this omnibus in plain clothes—I heard the police called, and I rushed down the steps, and the conductor said to me, "This lady has lost there purse, and this man has got it"—the prisoner said, "There is the lady's purse on the seat"—I looked inside and saw it—I told the prisoner I should charge him—he said nothing—he gave his name as Harry Cooper, 14, Ben Jonson Road, Stepney—the name was not correct; the address was—I took him to the station—he had 17s. 9d. in silver, half-a-sovereign gold, and 3d. coppers on him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Before he was charged he came out of the omnibus and said, "There is the lady's purse on the seat"—he said nothing to me</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250041"/>
<p>before he was charged—the constable said to me, "This lady has lost her purse," and after the prisoner was charged he said it—he said nothing else, I am sure—he said, I believe, "I am a gentleman, and an innocent man"—I had forgotten that—his father lives at the address he gave, and is a respectable tradesman, so far as I know—he keeps a shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">M. M. HOARE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>). The money and everything is still in the purse—the catch has been broken, but it was loose.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-307-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-307-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-307-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-308">
<interp inst="t18950325-308" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-308" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-308-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-308-18950325 t18950325-308-offence-1 t18950325-308-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-308-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-308-18950325 t18950325-308-offence-1 t18950325-308-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-308-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-308-18950325 t18950325-308-offence-2 t18950325-308-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-308-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-308-18950325 t18950325-308-offence-2 t18950325-308-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-308-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-308-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-308-18950325" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-308-18950325" type="surname" value="CONNICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-308-18950325" type="given" value="STEWART"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEWART CONNICK</hi> (20)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-308-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-308-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-308-18950325" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-308-18950325" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def2-308-18950325" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS TURNER</hi> (23)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-308-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-308-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-308-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18950325-308-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-308-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-308-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>to breaking and entering the counting-house of
<persName id="t18950325-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-141" type="surname" value="PARTRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-141" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-308-offence-1 t18950325-name-141"/>William Partridge</persName> and another, and stealing a pair of boots and other articles; and</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-308-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-308-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-308-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to four other indictments for breaking and entering and stealing.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-308-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-308-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-308-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-308-18950325 t18950325-308-punishment-20"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-308-18950325 t18950325-308-punishment-20"/>Twelve Months' Hard labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-309">
<interp inst="t18950325-309" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-309" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-309-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-309-18950325 t18950325-309-offence-1 t18950325-309-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-309-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-309-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-309-18950325" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-309-18950325" type="surname" value="HYDE"/>
<interp inst="def1-309-18950325" type="given" value="GEORGE CECIL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CECIL HYDE</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-309-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-309-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-309-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to marrying
<persName id="t18950325-name-143" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-143" type="surname" value="SHEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-143" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-309-offence-1 t18950325-name-143"/>Sarah Sheard</persName> during the lifetime of his wife.—</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-309-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-309-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-309-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-309-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-309-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-309-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-309-18950325 t18950325-309-punishment-21"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-310">
<interp inst="t18950325-310" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-310" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-310-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-310-18950325 t18950325-310-offence-1 t18950325-310-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-310-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-310-18950325" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-310-18950325" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-310-18950325" type="surname" value="CORDEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-310-18950325" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN CORDEY</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-310-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-310-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-310-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, to unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child by a secret dis
<lb/>position of its dead body.—</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-310-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-310-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-310-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-310-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-310-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-310-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-310-18950325 t18950325-310-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on Recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-311">
<interp inst="t18950325-311" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-311" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-311-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-311-18950325 t18950325-311-offence-1 t18950325-311-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-311-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-311-18950325 t18950325-311-offence-1 t18950325-311-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-311-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-311-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-311-18950325" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-311-18950325" type="surname" value="WALLACE"/>
<interp inst="def1-311-18950325" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WALLACE</hi> (46)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-311-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-311-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-311-18950325" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-311-18950325" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-311-18950325" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK RILEY</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-311-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-311-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-311-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to breaking and entering the Royal Military Chapel, Wellington Barracks, and stealing two medals; </rs>
<rs id="t18950325-311-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-311-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-311-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>Wallace also</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to a conviction of felony in November, 1894, in the name of Robert Smith, and Riley to one in November, 1892.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-311-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-311-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-311-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-311-18950325 t18950325-311-punishment-23"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-311-18950325 t18950325-311-punishment-23"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-312">
<interp inst="t18950325-312" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-312" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-312-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-312-18950325 t18950325-312-offence-1 t18950325-312-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-312-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-312-18950325" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-312-18950325" type="surname" value="BUTTIVANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-312-18950325" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN BUTTIVANT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18950325-312-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-312-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-312-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, to unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child by a secret disposition of its dead body.—</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-312-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-312-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-312-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-312-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-312-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-312-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-312-18950325 t18950325-312-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on Recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-313">
<interp inst="t18950325-313" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-313" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-313-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-313-18950325 t18950325-313-offence-1 t18950325-313-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-313-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-313-18950325 t18950325-313-offence-2 t18950325-313-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-313-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-313-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-313-18950325" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-313-18950325" type="surname" value="EDGAR"/>
<interp inst="def1-313-18950325" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY EDGAR</hi> (52)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-313-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-313-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-313-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging an endorsement on an order for the payment of £2; </rs>
<rs id="t18950325-313-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-313-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-313-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18950325-name-149" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-149" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-149" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-313-offence-1 t18950325-name-149"/>George Anderson</persName> an order for the payment of £2 and £2, with in
<lb/>tent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-313-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-313-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-313-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-313-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-313-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-313-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-313-18950325 t18950325-313-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-314">
<interp inst="t18950325-314" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-314" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-314-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-314-18950325 t18950325-314-offence-1 t18950325-314-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-314-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-314-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-314-18950325" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-314-18950325" type="surname" value="SAPSED"/>
<interp inst="def1-314-18950325" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK SAPSED</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-314-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-314-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-314-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18950325-name-151" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-151" type="surname" value="BACKER"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-151" type="given" value="JOHN PETER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-314-offence-1 t18950325-name-151"/>John Peter Backer</persName>, with intent to steal;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also **</hi> to a conviction of felony in March, 1891.—
<rs id="t18950325-314-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-314-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-314-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-314-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-314-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-314-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-314-18950325 t18950325-314-punishment-26"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-315">
<interp inst="t18950325-315" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-315" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-315-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-315-18950325 t18950325-315-offence-1 t18950325-315-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-315-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-315-18950325 t18950325-315-offence-2 t18950325-315-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-315-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-315-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-315-18950325" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-315-18950325" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="def1-315-18950325" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES ROSS</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-315-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-315-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-315-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling an order for the payment of £7 15s. 11d. and other sums, received by him for and on account of
<persName id="t18950325-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-153" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-315-offence-1 t18950325-name-153"/>the Gas Light and Coke Company</persName>, his masters;</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-315-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-315-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-315-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>and
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to another indictment for embezzling other sums.—</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-315-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-315-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-315-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-315-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-315-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-315-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-315-18950325 t18950325-315-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, March</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1895.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Collins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-316">
<interp inst="t18950325-316" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-316" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-316-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-316-18950325 t18950325-316-offence-1 t18950325-316-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-316-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-316-18950325" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-316-18950325" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-316-18950325" type="surname" value="BUCKNELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-316-18950325" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE BUCKNELL</hi> (27)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-316-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-316-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-316-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18950325-316-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-316-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-316-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>to feloniously throwing a corrosive fluid upon
<persName id="t18950325-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-155" type="surname" value="GASKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-155" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-316-offence-1 t18950325-name-155"/>Frederick Gaskin</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-316-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-316-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-316-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-316-18950325 t18950325-316-punishment-28"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-317">
<interp inst="t18950325-317" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-317" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-317-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-317-18950325 t18950325-317-offence-1 t18950325-317-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-317-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-317-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-317-18950325" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-317-18950325" type="surname" value="BURDETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-317-18950325" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY BURDETT</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-317-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-317-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-317-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Unlawfully carnally knowing
<persName id="t18950325-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-157" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-157" type="surname" value="JORDAN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-157" type="given" value="ALICE DAISY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-317-offence-1 t18950325-name-157"/>Alice Daisy Jordan</persName>, a girl under thirteen years.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEELING</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLARKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18950325-317-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-317-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-317-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of indecent assault.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-317-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-317-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-317-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-317-18950325 t18950325-317-punishment-29"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250042"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, March</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-318">
<interp inst="t18950325-318" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-318" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-318-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-318-18950325 t18950325-318-offence-1 t18950325-318-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-318-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-318-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-318-18950325" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-318-18950325" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-318-18950325" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GRANT</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-318-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-318-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-318-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18950325-name-159" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-159" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-159" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-159" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-318-offence-1 t18950325-name-159"/>Alice Graham</persName> with intent to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The evidence is unfit for publication.</hi>
<rs id="t18950325-318-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-318-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-318-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY.</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-318-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-318-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-318-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-318-18950325 t18950325-318-punishment-30"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-319">
<interp inst="t18950325-319" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-319" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-319-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-319-18950325 t18950325-319-offence-1 t18950325-319-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-319-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-319-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-319-18950325" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-319-18950325" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-319-18950325" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WARD</hi> (60)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-319-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-319-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-319-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18950325-319-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-319-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-319-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to six indictments for forging and uttering bills of exchange and debentures for £300, £385, £270, and other sums with intent to defraud
<persName id="t18950325-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-161" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-319-offence-1 t18950325-name-161"/> Messrs. Novello</persName> and others.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-319-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-319-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-319-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-319-18950325 t18950325-319-punishment-31"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-320">
<interp inst="t18950325-320" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-320" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-320-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-320-18950325 t18950325-320-offence-1 t18950325-320-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-320-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-320-18950325 t18950325-320-offence-1 t18950325-320-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-320-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-320-18950325 t18950325-320-offence-1 t18950325-320-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-320-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-320-18950325" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-320-18950325" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-320-18950325" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-320-18950325" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE PEARSON</hi> (24)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-320-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-320-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-320-18950325" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-320-18950325" type="surname" value="GANNAWAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-320-18950325" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GANNAWAY</hi> (24)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-320-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-320-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-320-18950325" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def3-320-18950325" type="surname" value="MAHONEY"/>
<interp inst="def3-320-18950325" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY MAHONEY</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18950325-320-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-320-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-320-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18950325-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-165" type="surname" value="TURPIN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-165" type="given" value="FREDERICK MORGAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-320-offence-1 t18950325-name-165"/>Frederick Morgan Turpin</persName>, and stealing seventy silk handkerchiefs and £2 in money, his property.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, feloniously receiving the same; Gannaway having been convicted at Lambeth on June 30th, 1892.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GANNAWAY</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAHONEY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-320-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-320-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-320-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURNER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-166" type="surname" value="BADCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-166" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BADCOCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-Sergeant C</hi>). On March 16th I went with Cross to 16, Waterloo Road, Lambeth, and saw Pearson in the front room, ground floor—I said, "I shall take you for being concerned with Thomas Gannaway in breaking into 135, Brompton Road, and stealing silk handkerchiefs"—she was wearing this silk handkerchief round her neck—I asked her to give it to me; she did so—the other constable searched and found some more handkerchiefs—she made a statement which I took down in writing; this is it; I read it over to her, and she signed it. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated that a man named Fred Gillett brought her the handkerchiefs between five and six a.m., and asked her to pawn them, and that she did so.</hi>)—Cross produced some pawn-tickets from a drawer, and she said, "I told you a lie, but now you have found the tickets I see you know all about it; I think Gillett's right name is Gannaway"—I took her to the station—the charge was read over to her—she said, "I did not do it."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Pearson.</hi> You told me you did not know they were stolen—I wrote the statement down as you said it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-167" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-167" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CROSS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). On March 14th, about seven a.m., I went with Badcock to 16, Waterloo Road, and saw Pearson—I searched the premises and found seven pawn-tickets, three of which relate to silk handkerchiefs and one to a handkerchief and ring, and one to a pair of boots—I found these two handkerchiefs under the bedclothes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You took this handkerchief off your neck, and these two I found on the bed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-168" type="surname" value="BEVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-168" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BEVIS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Davis, of 145, Waterloo Road, pawnbroker—I produce four new silk handkerchiefs pawned with me on February 9th by Pearson for 4s., and four more on February 19th, all in the name of Annie Pearson.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-169" type="surname" value="ANSTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-169" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK ANSTIS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Chessman, a pawnbroker, of 73, Waterloo Road—I produce seven new handkerchiefs pawned on February 9th for 7s. in the name of Ann Smith—I cannot recognise her—here</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189503250043"/>
<p>is one of my pawn-tickets among these produced—I advanced 1s. each; they were not worth much more.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-170" type="surname" value="TURPIN"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-170" type="given" value="FREDERICK MORGAN"/>FREDERICK MORGAN TURPIN</persName> </hi>. I am a draper, of 135, 133 and 131, Brompton Road—on the night of February 8th my premises were broken into, and seventy pocket handkerchiefs stolen—these handkerchiefs formed part of my stock undoubtedly; some of them are worth 2s., some more and some less—these seven handkerchiefs are worth about 14s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-171" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-171" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-171" type="given" value="PHOEBE"/>PHÅ’BE COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I live at 16, Grey Street, Waterloo Road—Pearson lived there with Gannaway for three months, up to March 14th—they occupied the same room—Gannaway let himself in with a key—I did not hear him come in on the morning of February 9th—Pearson told me that Gannaway was a coachman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Pearson.</hi> You were there one week before Gann
<lb/>away came.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18950325-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-172" type="surname" value="WOODWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-172" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH WOODWARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 456). I was at the Police-court when Cross's evidence was read over—I heard Gannaway say to Pearson, "You did not know that these things were stolen."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Pearson's defence.</hi> When Gannaway came home I never knew where he got the things from; he never told me—I pawned them.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PEARSON</hi>
<rs id="t18950325-320-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-320-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-320-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of receiving.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that they believed she</hi> was
<hi rend="italic">under the influence of the men.—
<rs id="t18950325-320-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-320-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-320-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-320-18950325 t18950325-320-punishment-32"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GANN
<rs id="t18950325-320-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-320-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-320-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-320-18950325 t18950325-320-punishment-33"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAHONEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18950325-320-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-320-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-320-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-320-18950325 t18950325-320-punishment-34"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-321">
<interp inst="t18950325-321" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-321" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-321-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-321-18950325 t18950325-321-offence-1 t18950325-321-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-321-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-321-18950325 t18950325-321-offence-2 t18950325-321-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-321-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-321-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-321-18950325" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-321-18950325" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="def1-321-18950325" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SHAW</hi> (22)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18950325-321-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-321-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-321-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18950325-321-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-321-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-321-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>to stealing a watch-chain of
<persName id="t18950325-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-174" type="surname" value="GREENWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-174" type="given" value="PAUL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-321-offence-1 t18950325-name-174"/>Paul Greenwood</persName> from his person ;</rs>
<rs id="t18950325-321-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-321-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-321-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to assaulting
<persName id="t18950325-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18950325-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-175" type="surname" value="NOBLE"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-name-175" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18950325-321-offence-2 t18950325-name-175"/>John Noble</persName>, a police-officer, in the execution of his duty. (</rs>
<hi rend="italic">See next case.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18950325-322">
<interp inst="t18950325-322" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18950325"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-322" type="date" value="18950325"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18950325-322-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-322-18950325 t18950325-322-offence-1 t18950325-322-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-322-18950325" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-322-18950325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-322-18950325" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-322-18950325" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="def1-322-18950325" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SHAW</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18950325-322-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18950325-322-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18950325-322-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> for robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18950325-name-177" type="victimName">