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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>TYLER, MAYOR.</p>
<p>SEVENTH SESSION, HELD APRIL 30TH, 1894.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18940430-name-1">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>Vol. CXX 1893-94</p>
<p>Sess. VII-XII</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, April 30th, 1894, and following days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-2" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-2" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-3" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-3" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-4" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-4" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID EVANS</persName> </hi>, K. C. M. G., and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-5" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-5" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Bart, Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-6" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-6" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, Q.C., M.P., K.C.M.G., Recorder of the said City; Col. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-7" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-7" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER WILKIN</persName> </hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE FAUDEL PHILLIPS</hi>, Esq., Lieut.-Col.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-8" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-8" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName>,
<persName id="t18940430-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-9" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-9" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE. TRELOAR</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., Q.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN VOCE MOORE</hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH COCKFIELD DIMSDALE</hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-10" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-10" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq. C. C.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLARENCE R. HALSE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TYLER, MAYOR. SEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, April</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p>399.
<persName id="def1-399-18940430" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-399-18940430" type="surname" value="ZUMBECK"/>
<interp inst="def1-399-18940430" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AUGUSTUS ZUMBECK</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18940430-399-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-399-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-399-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>, for committing wilful and corrupt perjury at the Mayor's Court.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR E. CLARKE</hi>, Q. C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18940430-name-12" type="given" value="JOHN READ"/>JOHN READ ACKERMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a commission agent, of 72, Mark Lane—I had business relations with the prisoner before May, 1893—I received these letters from him of 8th and 12th of May. (
<hi rend="italic">The first asked Ackerman if he could match the enclosed sample of Indian red exactly, and requested him to send a counter sample and the lowest price per ton; the second letter asked Ackerman to let Zumbeck know whether he could offer the red as per sample, as the matter was being kept open for his reply</hi>)—after that I pro
<lb/>cured a sample of red, which I sent on 16th May, with this-letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that he could do the enclosed sample to match the sample sent him at</hi> £13 10s.
<hi rend="italic">per ton, less</hi> 2 1/2;
<hi rend="italic">per cent., cash on delivery</hi>)—I received this letter from the prisoner on May 17th, 1893. (
<hi rend="italic">This acknowledged receipt of the letter and sample, asked for</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">lbs. to be sent to try, and stated that it was of the utmost importance that the colour should be exactly like Zutmbeck's sample, both dry and in oil; that it was to be exact and finer, and if satisfactory, he would take a ton. A postscript added</hi>, "Please be careful both with regard to shade and fineness. We send you a large sample herewith.") (
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR EDWARD CLARKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called attention tothe fact that in the original letter the words</hi>, "It is of the utmost importance that the colour is like our sample," and" Take care that it is exact,"
<hi rend="italic">were under
<lb/>lined</hi>)—I received these two letters of 9th June. (
<hi rend="italic">The first stated that the sample sent by Ackerman did not answer Zumbeck's buyer's purpose; the second enclosed a further sample of what was required, and requested a further twenty-eight pounds to try and match the sample as to shade, strength softness, and covering power, and added that it must be exact, to get the order</hi>)—on 17th June I received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">The enclosed a sample, and stated that if he could match it exactly in every respect lie could have</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="italic">the order for a ton</hi>)—after that I procured a sample, which I think I took myself to the prisoner as the nearest I could do to match his sample; that would be two or three days after the last letter, about the 19th or 20th—perhaps two days afterwards I called at the prisoner's office—it was before the 20th, but about that date—I can say the date when I see the letter; it was in the morning, before half-past eleven—I saw the prisoner in his inner office—I asked him if my sample suited—he had samples rubbed out in oil, on glass—he said, "This is what I want to match; which do you think is the nearer?"—I said, "I don't know"—I looked at the samples, pointed to one, and said, "I think that is"—he said, "So do I; send me 24 cwt."—20 cwt. of this material goes to a ton—the sample I picked out was ours—he said, "This is yours"; there were other samples from other people—I said, "Have you tested this for strength? because I have not; the colour seems right; I have not the means of testing that in my office; you have; here, shall we do it?" Pointing to his test scales—he said, "No; send me 24 cwt."—I then left—in conse
<lb/>quence of that conversation I ordered the stuff from our principals that same morning before lunch time—lunch time is from half-past twelve to half-past one—I have no recollection what time I left my business premises that day—I came next morning about my usual time, I suppose about half-past nine; I saw my clerk or office boy, who gave me this letter from the prisoner: "Referring to the ton of red ordered this mor
<lb/>ning, please mark the cask ✗ without any other mark or label appearing The red must be an exact match to our sample in every respect, or it will be rejected"—I think it was in an envelope, which was destroyed—the envelope had no postmark on it—I may have stayed at my office the previous afternoon till my usual time for leaving, from half-past four to half-past five—I see now, by the date of this letter, that my interview with the prisoner would have been on the 20th—I read the letter, and made a remark about it to the boy—I don't think I know the prisoner's writing—I did not answer that letter either verbally or by writing—the order I gave to my principals on the 20th was verbal, and I confirmed it afterwards in writing—I am not sure whether this letter was posted or not; it was sent on the 21st, I believe; it was after I had seen this letter of 20th. (
<hi rend="italic">This ordered 20 to 25 cwt. of red as per sample in confirmation of the conversation of yesterday.</hi>)—I afterwards learned that the goods had been sent—I sent in this invoice to the prisoner, with a delivery order; it shows £16 0s. 7 1/2 d., less discount—on 6th July I received this letter from the prisoner. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that he had heard from his customers that the 24 cwt. of red delivered was not the same as the last sample, and they were unable to use it, and desired the right quality to be delivered immediately.</hi>)—I also received these letters of July 13th and 20th. (
<hi rend="italic">The letter of the 13th stated that Zumbeck's customers objected not only to the colour, but to the quality; that of the 20th stated that his customers could not use it, as it was not at all like the sample, and that Zumbeck would have to buy it elsewhere and debit Ackerman with any difference in price, unless he could supply the proper quality; that as the customers were in immediate want of it, Zumbeck had ordered a cask, for which he had to pay £20 a ton</hi>)—I wrote on 5th September, asking for a cheque, and I received this letter of the same date from the prisoner. (
<hi rend="italic">Expressing surprise at Acker
<lb/>man's letter, as the six casks were rejected because of not being of the proper</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="italic">quality; stating that Zumbeck had had to buy a ton against Ackerman, and had sent a debit note, and as soon as that was paid Ackerman would receive back the six casks, which meantime were held as security.</hi>)—I replied on 5th September. (
<hi rend="italic">This letter stated that before Zumbeck gave like order he had examined Ackerman's sample and said he considered it better than his (Zumbeck's), and that he ordered from it; that as the customer had rejected the casks he (Ackerman) was willing to take back the casks without prejudice, and that he gave no contract to match exact.</hi>)—I received this of September 5th from the prisoner. (
<hi rend="italic">Returning debit note for difference in price, and stating that Zumbeck's order was very explicit as to an exact match, and that he had never approved of Ackerman's sample, but said he could not judge and only gave the order on the understanding that the quality should he equal to Zumbeck's sample. A letter of 6th September was also read, returning the debit statement, and asserting that Zumbeck examined Ackerman's sample, on which he sold.</hi>)—during the progress of that correspondence I had several interviews with the prisoner; the first was when I knew that his customers had rejected it—he then asked me if I would try still to match the original sample—I told him that what I had sent was the nearest I Could do—I am not certain whether at that interview he said he would try his people again—I saw him again afterwards, and he said his people did not approve of it, and I said, "Very well, I will take the stuff back, Mr. Zumbeck; we will not have any bother about it; I will take it back"—he said, "Oh, no, you won't; that stuff I want to match costs £20 per ton" (This was before that letter of September 5th)" You pay me the differ
<lb/>ence between your price, £13 10s. per ton, and £20, which is £6 10s., then you shall have your stuff back"—I replied, "Never, I will not pay 1d."—I think I walked out then—I do not think I had any interviews with him after that—I don't remember this document of 20th June being mentioned at any interview—there is a door between the prisoner's two rooms; it was open, I think, during the interview when I received the order, because I pointed to the test scales which stood in the outer office—I don't know if it is a glass door which you can see through—the prisoner employs three clerks, I think—I think there were two in the outer office on that occasion; I don't know their names—before the action was commenced there was no other attempt to compromise—I then began an faction for the payment of the amount on my invoice—the prisoner counter-claimed, and we went to trial before the Assistant Judge in the Mayor's Court, on the 22nd and 25th January—on the first day my evidence was taken—the prisoner gave evidence on 25th January. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR EDWARD CLARKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that the should not object to the prosecutor giving evidence of what the prisoner had sworn at the trial, as lie understood
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi> had no better evidence, and it was undesirable to call the Judge, before whom the case was tried</hi>)—the prisoner, when in the witness box, said that he gave me this letter in my hands when I was in the office, and that made a contract; he was asked particularly twice, and warned that I had got a witness in Court, and he still stuck to it that he gave me that letter into my hands, and that I brought it away with me—I do not think he said anything more as to that letter or interview.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am responsible for this prosecution—I gave instruct
<lb/>tions for the institution of it, and made myself personally liable for my</p>
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<p>solicitor's (Mr. Bradley) costs in respect of it—at the trial on 25th January I obtained a verdict for the amount due to me, £16 0s. 7d., and also a verdict on the counter-claim—that same afternoon I assigned that debt to Mr. Matthews, one of the directors of Cartwright, Limited, the people from whom I bought the stuff, because they asked me, and I wished to do so; in fact, I first asked Mr. Bradley or Mr. Cartwright, I am not sure which: to take the assignment, and it was given to Mr. Matthews—I was responsible for a letter written on the very day of the judg
<lb/>ment by Mr. Bradley, saying that unless the prisoner handed the bearer cash for £16 0s. 7d. execution would be issued on the judgment the first thing next morning; it was written with my sanction—I knew the prisoner had been carrying on business at 66, Mark Lane for a long time; I did not know for how many years—my object in assigning the debt and in authorising the letter to be written was because I was so much annoyed at what the prisoner said in his evidence, and the falsehoods he told—I did not find out that at the Mayor's Court execution could not he issued till the costs were taxed; I did not go into that matter—I was not consulted about it after that letter was written: it passed entirely into Mr. Matthews' hands—I knew that the costs wove immediately taxed, and that on 30th January, five days later, the prisoner's solicitor paid £40 19s. 1d., the debt and costs—I never knew of Mr. Peter Matthews having or having had anything to do with the prisoner's affairs, for I only know Mr. Matthews as a director of Cartwright, limited; I do not know that he is a barrister—I know nothing of trans-actions between the prisoner and Cartwright, Limited—I think this bargain began on 8th May, and the Correspondence from then till September all had reference to the same transaction—during the whole of the transaction I had in my possession the sample which the prisoner had first sent me on 8th May, and which I was to match—that sample was too small; it was not easy to match it, and I had a larger one, in order that I might match it more easily and more exactly—on receipt of the prisoner's letter of 17th June, I think I saw the prisoner, and I saw Mr. Cartwright as well—I got a wire from him, but I cannot tell the date—I don't know that I have the wire; I never mentioned it before; I had no occasion to do so; it has nothing to do with the order, only that my transactions were being attended to—I should say I saw Cartwright almost immediately after receiving the letter of 17th, which was a Saturday—I did not show the letter to Cartwright; I told them what I wanted; I did not tell them who my buyer was—I had before that given them the sample I had received from the prisoner, and they supplied the sample I took to the prisoner as the nearest they could do—I don't think I told Cartwright's what the prisoner told me, that if it did not match it would be of no good—I asked them in the ordinary way to send me a sample to match—that would be on the 20th, by the letter; I cannot tell on which day exactly; it would be the Tuesday, possibly—I have no recollection; I should think it would be the 19th—I think I took the sample; I cannot be certain about that; I should think most likely I should take it—on the 20th, when I went to the prisoner, certain colours had been rubbed out on glass; that is a test for colour—the tests for shade and softness would be rubbed out on glass, and the tests for strength and covering power would be by the test scales—it was something between 10 and 11.30</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300007"/>
<p>when I went to the prisoner's office on 20th—I came to my office that morning about 9.30; I do not remember exactly the time—I went to my office before I went to the prisoner's—I saw Mr. Cartwright himself on Tuesday, 20th, at their place in Fenchurch Street, and gave the order verbally; I gave no memorandum then; I got no memorandum from them—I told them the order should be confirmed, and my marks and particulars should follow—I don't know that I said anything about the marks, that I said the order should be confirmed—I told them the order should be con
<lb/>firmed with my marks—I had said nothing to the prisoner about marks; I mentioned it to Mr. Cartwright, because I should want my own mark put on—I did not give the marks then; I had not time then to go back to my office and write; I wanted to write my marks—my mark is "J. R.A." in a zigzag—I wanted to write that and the order altogether—the prisoner was anxious to have this stuff at once, and I went at once and ordered it; and next morning I confirmed the order; I was going to give an order in the regular way in writing, and the order in a regular way in writing I gave next morning, after I had read the document of 20th June, before I put the prisoner's mark on the casks instead of my own—when I gave the regular order for the goods I acted on this memorandum of 20th June; the casks were marked as per that order—when I read this document of 20th June, I did not consider it altered the bargain which had been made between me and the prisoner, because I read it after his having selected that sample—no mention was made of this document from 20th June up to September, and no mention would have been made of it if the prisoner had not made this out as a contract in the Court—I attached no importance to it at the time—I do not know the names of the prisoner's clerks—I have seen them from time to time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I gave my order in writing I acted on the docu
<lb/>ment of 20th June with regard to the mark of a Z in a diamond—there was nothing else in it to act on with regard to anything else—I acted on it with regard to the last two lines, "The red must be an exact match to our sample in every respect, or it will be rejected."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">intimated that after this evidence with regard to the letter of 20th June, although there might be matter for dispute in a civil Court, it was hardly a case on which a man should be tried for perjury. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">thereupon found the prisoner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-399-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-399-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-399-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<p>400.
<persName id="def1-400-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-400-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-400-18940430" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-400-18940430" type="surname" value="SALMON"/>
<interp inst="def1-400-18940430" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SALMON</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-400-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-400-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-400-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
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<interp inst="t18940430-400-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to three indictments for forging and altering endorsements on orders for the payment of £411 2s. 4d., £13 4s. 5d., and £23 3s. 6d.</rs>; also
<rs id="t18940430-400-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-400-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-400-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> to stealing £3 orders for the payment of the same sums, the property of
<persName id="t18940430-name-14" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-14" type="surname" value="VOSS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-14" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-400-offence-2 t18940430-name-14"/>William Voss</persName> and others, his masters</rs>; also
<rs id="t18940430-400-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-400-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-400-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> to embezzling £34 17s. 4d., the property of the same persons.</rs> (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. VOSS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">a Solicitor, stated that he took the prisoner into his service in November upon a character which he found the prisoner had written for himself; that since his arrest he had found in a private diary kept by the prisoner the names and addresses of clients and of solicitors with whom he</hi> (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. VOSS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">corresponded and their bankers</hi>).—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-400-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-400-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-400-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-400-18940430 t18940430-400-punishment-1"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-401">
<interp inst="t18940430-401" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-401" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-401-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-401-18940430 t18940430-401-offence-1 t18940430-401-verdict-1"/>
<p>401.
<persName id="def1-401-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-401-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-401-18940430" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-401-18940430" type="surname" value="DUTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-401-18940430" type="given" value="DOYAL CHUNDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DOYAL CHUNDER DUTT</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-401-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-401-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-401-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to two indictments for unlawfully obtaining two sums of £5 each, and to a previous con
<lb/>viction at Clerkenwell on 25th July, 1892; other convictions were proved against him.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940430-401-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-401-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-401-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-401-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-401-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-401-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-401-18940430 t18940430-401-punishment-2"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-402">
<interp inst="t18940430-402" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-402" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-402-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-402-18940430 t18940430-402-offence-1 t18940430-402-verdict-1"/>
<p>402.
<persName id="def1-402-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-402-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-402-18940430" type="surname" value="HALFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-402-18940430" type="given" value="WILLIAM WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WALTER HALFORD</hi> </persName> (22),
<rs id="t18940430-402-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-402-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-402-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to two indictments for stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, two post packets, the property of
<persName id="t18940430-name-17" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-17" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-402-offence-1 t18940430-name-17"/>the Post-master General</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940430-402-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-402-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-402-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-402-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-402-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-402-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-402-18940430 t18940430-402-punishment-3"/>Twelve Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-403">
<interp inst="t18940430-403" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-403" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-403-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-403-18940430 t18940430-403-offence-1 t18940430-403-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300008"/>
<p>403.
<persName id="def1-403-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-403-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-403-18940430" type="surname" value="STEPHENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-403-18940430" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE STEPHENS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18940430-403-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-403-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-403-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a watch, from the person of
<persName id="t18940430-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-19" type="surname" value="HOARE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-19" type="given" value="FRANCIS ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-403-offence-1 t18940430-name-19"/>Francis Robert Hoare</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-20" type="surname" value="HOARE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-20" type="given" value="FRANCIS ROBERT"/>FRANCIS ROBERT HOARE</persName> </hi>. I am a wharfinger, of the South-Eastern Wharf, Southwark—a little before three p.m. on 9th April I was in. Tower Hill Gardens—I felt someone push against me, and shortly afterwards I saw my watch-chain hanging down, and found my watch was gone—I gave £25 for it—I had worn it on that day. I last saw it within an hour before, I think.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I felt someone push against me, a number of persons were on the pavement—I was looking over the heads of the crowd, which was looking at the soldiers drilling in the ditch, when some
<lb/>one pushed towards me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-21" type="surname" value="BLARKING"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-21" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>CHRISTOPHER BLARKING</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, of 91, Anthony Street, St. George's—on 9th April I was in the Tower Hill Gardens about three—I saw the prisoner and two or three men in company with him following round a gentleman—they closed up round him as he was looking at the soldiers pick up the guns—I stood beside him—the prisoner walked away; the gentleman turned round, and I said to him, "You have lost your watch"—he looked down, and his chain was hanging down—I kept my eye which way the prisoner went, and I ran and told a policeman, who caught him en the top of Tower Hill—I was as close to the prisoner as I am to this bar of the witness-box—I saw him take the gentleman's watch.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner stood in front of the prosecutor, and the other three men closed round behind him—I was outside the three who were between me and the gentleman—his back was turned to me—that was when I saw the watch taken—I had not seen any of these men before—several other men and women were close to the prosecutor—when I pointed out the prisoner to the constable he was a few yards off, walking along the railings by himself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had seen the three men with the prisoner before—I believe I saw him take the watch out of the pocket—the prisoner dropped his arms directly afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-22" type="surname" value="AINGER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-22" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES AINGER</persName> </hi>. I live at 31, Bacon Street—I was on Tower Hill Gardens on a Monday in April—I saw the prisoner take the watch from the prosecutor's left-hand pocket, and hand it to another man, and walk out at the gate—I was about three yards off when I saw him do it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> A number of people were looking through the railings—I was behind all the people—I saw Blarking; he stood in front of me—there were several grown-up men bigger than I, between me and the prosecutor, whose back was turned to me—I did not see over the heads of the men—the prisoner handed the watch to another man when he was still in the crowd—the three men and the other persons had moved away then from between me and the prosecutor—Blarking, who stood in front of me, could see the man pass the watch to the other man as well us I could.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300009"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner stood beside the gentleman; no one was between me and the prisoner—I saw the top of the watch, I am sure.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-23" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-23" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT EVANS</persName> </hi>. I live at 28, Baker Street—I was in the Tower Hill Gardens, looking at some drilling—I saw the prisoner put his fingers in the gentleman's pocket and get the watch up and break the link of the chain, he was just going out at the gate, and he handed it to another man—he went one way, and the other man the other.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Breaking the link made a snapping noise; I did not hear it, I saw it—I was with Ainger; I was about three yards from the prisoner—I was sitting on a seat looking at them; people were in front of me, standing between us—I saw Blarking; he was nearer the pro
<lb/>secutor than I was—I could clearly see the watch taken; I saw the prisoner hand it to another man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The seat I was on was about three yards from the prisoner; I could see him; a man was between us—the prisoner was standing beside the prosecutor; two or three men were standing at the gate, waiting for him to come out—the prisoner went like that (
<hi rend="italic">describing</hi>), with one hand under the other—the prosecutor was on the prisoner's right side.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-24" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-24" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HARVEY</persName> </hi> (395
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). About three p.m. on 9th April I was on duty at Tower Hill Gardens, when Blarking spoke to me and pointed out the prisoner—I ran after and caught him at the corner of Tower Street—he was walking sharply—he said, "Why do you stop me in this manner?"—I said, "I have had you pointed out to me as the man who stole the gentleman's watch"—he said, "You are mistaken; I have no watch"—I took him to the station and searched him; no watch was found on him, but I found £1 8s. 8 1/2 d., of which a half-sovereign was in gold—he said, "May I speak to the sergeant?" and he said, "Will you inform Mrs. Lambert that I am here, 24, Murdle Street, Hoxton?"—I sent a message by wire.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I was crossing the road, and the constable came and took hold of me. I said to the gentleman, "Have I taken your watch?' He said, 'No.'</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-403-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-403-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-403-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in March, 1890, in the name of Isaac Harris. Nine other convictions were proved against him; fifteen months of the sentence passed in 1890 remained to be served.—
<rs id="t18940430-403-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-403-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-403-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-403-18940430 t18940430-403-punishment-4"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, April</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-404">
<interp inst="t18940430-404" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-404" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-404-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-404-18940430 t18940430-404-offence-1 t18940430-404-verdict-1"/>
<p>404.
<persName id="def1-404-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-404-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-404-18940430" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-404-18940430" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-404-18940430" type="given" value="HORACE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HORACE COLE</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-404-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-404-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-404-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-26" type="surname" value="FIELDING"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-26" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE FIELDING</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Engineers' Arms, Gloucester Road, Regent's Park—on the night of April 16th, about six p.m., the prisoner came in with another man and asked for two half-pints of mild and bitter ale, price 3d., and gave me this coin—he did not say what it was—I told him it was light, and tried it against another half-sovereign—he could see me doing that, and said, "What is the matter with that coin? I should like to have a sack full of them"—I took it to the governor in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300010"/>
<p>the bar parlour, leaving him there—I was not away half a minute, and found them both there—Mr. Blackburn came to them, and said, "This is not a half-sovereign; it is a gilded sixpence"—the prisoner smiled and said, "Give me change for a sixpence, then"—he said, "No; I shall give you in charge."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You did not ask me for change for a half-sovereign.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-27" type="surname" value="BLACKBURN"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-27" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN BLACKBURN</persName> </hi>. I keep the Engineers' Arms, Gloucester Road—on April 16th Miss Fielding brought me a coin—I went into the bar, and told the prisoner it was a gilded sixpence—he smiled, and said, "Very well, then; I will take it for sixpence"—I said, "No, you won't; I shall charge you"—he said, "Very well; I shall pack up my tools, and take my
<hi rend="italic">hook</hi>"—I said, "Wherever you go, I shall follow you"—he made several attempts to go away, but I gave him in custody with the coin—he was quite sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-28" type="surname" value="STANTON"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-28" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS STANTON</persName> </hi> (375
<hi rend="italic">S</hi>). On 16th April I was called to the Engineers' Arms and found the prisoner detained by Mr. Blackburn, who said that he had uttered a gilt sixpence for a half-sovereign; he said nothing; I took him to the station, searched him, and found a spectacle case, some wadding, fourpence, and a packet of cards—Mr. Blackburn handed me this coin (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-29" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-29" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this is a gilt sixpence—they are called in now; they are very much like a half-sovereign.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence.</hi> I have lived in the same road two years—I went to this public-house and put it down as a sixpence—I had carried it about for two or three years—I never tendered it as a half-sovereign.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-404-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-404-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-404-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-404-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-404-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-404-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-405-18940430 t18940430-404-punishment-5"/>Discharged on recognizances.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-405">
<interp inst="t18940430-405" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-405" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-405-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-405-18940430 t18940430-405-offence-1 t18940430-405-verdict-1"/>
<p>405.
<persName id="def1-405-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-405-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-405-18940430" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-405-18940430" type="surname" value="CORDING"/>
<interp inst="def1-405-18940430" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY CORDING</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-405-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-405-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-405-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-31" type="surname" value="CLAPER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-31" type="given" value="LAURA"/>LAURA CLAPER</persName> </hi>. I keep a general shop at 22, Holmes Road, Kentish Town—on April 21st, between six and 6.30, the prisoner, who I knew before, came in for a pennyworth of cheese, and gave me a half-crown—I asked him if he had smaller change—he said) "No"—I gave him 2s. 5d. change, and he left—I gave the coin to my aunt immediately in changing a half-sovereign for her; she said it was bad, and went up to her mother, and then brought it back to me in the same state—I kept it—a detective told me to mark it, and I did so—this is it—I picked the prisoner out from a number of men the same evening—I failed at first, because I was not sure of him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner.</hi> Yes, I was in the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-32" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-32" type="surname" value="WHITEAR"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-32" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN WHITEAR</persName> </hi>. I am a general dealer, of 35, Inkerman Street, Kentish Town, about five minutes' walk from the other shop—on April 21st a man came in between six and seven for a pennyworth of cheese, and gave me a half-crown—I said, "Have not you a penny?"—he said, "No"—I gave him 2s. 5d. and he left—I sent my little daughter out with the coin, and she brought it back broken in two—I went after the man, and found him in Cathcart Street, the next turning, and told him to give me the money back that he had from me—he said he knew nothing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300011"/>
<p>about it—I said, "Yes, you do; if you do not give it to me I will lock you up"—he gave me the 2s. 5d. by degrees—I asked him to give me the cheese—he said, "I have not got any cheese"—I said, "You have got it, unless you have eaten it coming along"—he said, "Yes, I have eaten it"—I said, "No, you have not; I see it in the lining of your coat"—he then produced it, and I gave him the broken coin—I went to the station on Saturday night, and pointed out the prisoner from a number of men.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-33" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-33" type="surname" value="WHITEAR"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-33" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH WHITEAR</persName> </hi>. I received half-a-crown from my mother on April 21st, and took it next door; somebody broke it in two, and I took it back and gave it to my mother.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-34" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-34" type="surname" value="SENNY"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-34" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>HANNAH SENNY</persName> </hi>. I keep a tobacconist's shop at 94, Grafton Road, Kentish Town, which is just round the corner from Holmes Road—on April 21st, between six and seven p.m., I served the prisoner with one pennyworth of tobacco; he gave me a half crown; I bent it in the tester, and told him it was bad; he said his master gave it to him—I gave it back to him; he gave me a penny, and left—I identified him next day from a number of men at the Police-station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I am sure you are the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-35" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-35" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN TAYLOR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Y.</hi>) On April 21st Mr. T gave me a description, and I took the prisoner the same night in a public-house in Holmes Road, about 150 yards from Inkerman Road—it would take a person to go from one to the other, and it is about the same distance from the other shop—I told him I should take him for passing a bad half-crown in the shop—he said, "I never went into the shop"—I searched him at the station, and found four shillings, three-pence, a purse, and a knife—he made no reply when charged—he gave his correct address, 43, Victoria Road—I was present at the station when Mrs. Senny and Miss Whitear identified him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-36" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-36" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This coin is counterfeit.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence.</hi> I did not know the half-crown was bad; I gave a man 2s. 6d. for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-405-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-405-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-405-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-405-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-405-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-405-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-405-18940430 t18940430-405-punishment-6"/>Nine Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-406">
<interp inst="t18940430-406" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-406" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-406-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-406-18940430 t18940430-406-offence-1 t18940430-406-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-406-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-406-18940430 t18940430-406-offence-1 t18940430-406-verdict-1"/>
<p>406.
<persName id="def1-406-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-406-18940430" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-406-18940430" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-406-18940430" type="surname" value="OATTEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-406-18940430" type="given" value="SARAH JAKE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH JAKE OATTEN</hi> (27)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-406-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-406-18940430" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-406-18940430" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-406-18940430" type="surname" value="BLABY"/>
<interp inst="def2-406-18940430" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALICE BLABY</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-406-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-406-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-406-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in their possession, with intent to utter it. (See Vol. CXIX., page 286.) </rs>
<hi rend="italic">The Court for Crown Cases Reserved having confirmed Blaby's conviction in the former case,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PART
<lb/>RIDGE</hi>, for the prosecution, withdrew the case as to Blaby</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and offered no evidence against</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">OATTEN</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-406-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-406-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-406-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="italic">
<persName id="t18940430-name-39">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-39" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-39" type="surname" value="BLABY"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-39" type="given" value="ALICE"/>Blaby</persName> was then sentenced to Six Months' Hard Labour upon the former indictment</hi>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-407">
<interp inst="t18940430-407" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-407" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-407-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-407-18940430 t18940430-407-offence-1 t18940430-407-verdict-1"/>
<p>407.
<persName id="def1-407-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-407-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-407-18940430" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-407-18940430" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-407-18940430" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WOOD</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-407-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-407-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-407-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-41" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-41" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BENNETT</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to James Epps, a chemist, of 170, Piccadilly—on April 12th, about 11.30 a.m., the prisoner came in for two ounces of Epsom salts at 3d. per ounce—I told him we did not keep Epsom salts at such an exorbitant price; mine was 1d. per ounce—he said he would take what I had, and I supplied him—he tendered a half-crown; I dropped it on the counter; it sounded very well, but not being satisfied,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300012"/>
<p>I put it in the tester and broke it, and said I should charge him—he said he must have taken it in mistake—I called the manager, who sent for a constable—the prisoner said, "Show me the coin"—I refused—this is it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-42" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-42" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PEARCE</persName> </hi> (10
<hi rend="italic">CR</hi>). On April 12th I was called to Mr. Epps' shop, and Bennett charged the prisoner with attempting to pass a bad half-crown there—he said he did not do it intentionally, and must have taken it by mistake—I searched him in the shop, and found a florin, two shillings, and a sixpence—he made no answer—I found a box of choco
<lb/>late on him, in consequence of which I went to Miss James—the prisoner gave me his address at Highgate, but I could not find it—he was charged, and made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-43" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-43" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-43" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE JAMES</persName> </hi>. I am manageress at a confectioner's shop, 124, Regent Street—on April 12th the prisoner came in for a Japanese dessert—I had not got one, and took a box of chocolates out of the window, which he purchased for sixpence, and tendered me a half-crown which looked white and new—there were three other half-crowns in the till, but they were old ones—I identified the prisoner at once.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-44" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-44" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these two half-crowns are counterfeit, and from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-407-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-407-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-407-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-407-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-407-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-407-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-407-18940430 t18940430-407-punishment-7"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-408">
<interp inst="t18940430-408" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-408" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-408-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-408-18940430 t18940430-408-offence-1 t18940430-408-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-408-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-408-18940430 t18940430-408-offence-1 t18940430-408-verdict-1"/>
<p>408.
<persName id="def1-408-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-408-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-408-18940430" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-408-18940430" type="surname" value="O'CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-408-18940430" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM O'CONNOR</hi> (21)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-408-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-408-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-408-18940430" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-408-18940430" type="surname" value="VAUGHAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-408-18940430" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES VAUGHAN</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-408-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-408-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-408-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18940430-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-47" type="surname" value="HEARNE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-47" type="given" value="HORACE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-408-offence-1 t18940430-name-47"/>Horace Hearne</persName>, and stealing £1 5s., his money.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-48" type="surname" value="HEARNE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-48" type="given" value="HORACE"/>HORACE HEARNE</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at a common lodging-house, 33, Great Peter Street, Westminster—on April 3rd I came home about one a.m., and went to the kitchen—the two prisoners were sitting there, and twenty or thirty other people—O'Connor asked me to lend him some money—I had occasionally seen him there, but did not know his name—I pulled out my purse, containing a sovereign and six or seven shillings, and gave him sixpence—shortly afterwards I went up to bed—I heard no one behind me, but suddenly heard a step, and turned round and saw O'Connor; he put his arm round my neck violently—my throat was painful for a week afterwards—I clapped my left hand on my pocket and tried to throw him, but Vaughan came to his assistance—I struck Vaughan in the face—O'Connor put his hand in my pocket and took my purse—they rushed up to the top landing, and I ran after them—O'Connor disappeared into one of the bed-rooms—there are five rooms, each containing twenty or twenty-five men—I found Vaughan on the landing, and knocked him down—I met the deputy, who sent me for two policemen—he detained Vaughan, and I found O'Connor in bed—they know I am an Army Reserve man, and had my money that day—I had received £4 10s. 10d., which is paid quarterly—we are all paid on the same day—a great many Army Reserve men occupy this lodging-house, and pensioners too—I have known Vaughan two years, and O'Connor not so long.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by O'Connor.</hi> I had had a drop of drink, but I was not drunk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-49" type="surname" value="BUDGEN"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-49" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BUDGEN</persName> </hi> (21
<hi rend="italic">A R</hi>). On 3rd April, about 1.45 a.m., I was on duty in Great Peter Street—Hearne made a complaint, and I went with him to 33, Great Peter Street, to the second landing, and saw Vaughan in charge of the deputy—O'Connor had been in bed, and was coming</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300013"/>
<p>downstairs—I told him the charge—they said they knew nothing about it—I took them to the station, and found on O'Connor a half-crown, three shillings, some bronze, and an opera glass; and on Vaughan only a handkerchief; they were perfectly sober—Hearne was the worse for drink, but he gave me an intelligible account of what he said had been done to him—he complained of his throat—he seemed to have his senses about him—he looked as if he had been violently used, but there were no marks of violence on him—he was flushed about the face as if he had been violently pulled about—Vaughan had a slight swelling under his left ear on his cheek bone, as if from a blow, and complained that Hearne had knocked him down—no purse has been found—I went into the room where O'Connor said he had been sleeping; a number of men were sleeping there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS</hi>----. I am deputy at 3, Great Peter Street—on April 3rd, between one and two a.m., Hearne came to me in the kitchen and com
<lb/>plained that he had been robbed—I went up, and found Vaughan coming down from the third to the second floor—O'Connor slept on the fourth floor—I asked Vaughan where the money was—he said, "You can have what I have got," and pulled out 5d.—I went up to O'Connor, and found him in bed and undressed—I asked him where the money was that he had taken, and said, "If you do not give it to me I will charge you"—he said, "Then I must be charged"—I have known him three or four years, and Vaughan had lodged in the house two years, on and off.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by O'Connor.</hi> Every lodger gives up a ticket the last thing when he goes to bed—you went up between one and two, not between twelve and 12.30.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Vaughan.</hi> I did not see Hearne strike you; I went up with you, and met him coming down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> They both gave up their tickets at the same time—they were in the kitchen together before the complaint was made—I saw Hearne come in and sit down beside the prisoners—there are 240 men there; I don't take notice of everybody—Hearne gave up his ticket, and they followed him five minutes afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Vaughan.</hi> I sometimes put a man on to collect the tickets if I am away, but I was in charge on this night, and my man drew my attention to the prisoners, and I watched them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Vaughan did not say that he had been knocked down—there are lights burning all night, so that I can distinguish one man from the other.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' statements before the Magistrate:—O'Connor says</hi>: "I know nothing about it. I was in bed, when the deputy came and asked me if I would turn my money up. I said, 'What money I have is my own.'"
<hi rend="italic">Vaughan says</hi>: "The reason I was upstairs is, someone stole my hat; when I came down, I was given in charge for this robbery."
<hi rend="italic">They repealed the same statements in their defences.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-408-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-408-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-408-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="largeCaps">O'CONNOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-408-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-408-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-408-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-408-18940430 t18940430-408-punishment-8"/>Twelve Months.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VAUGHAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-408-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-408-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-408-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-408-18940430 t18940430-408-punishment-9"/>Nine Months.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-409">
<interp inst="t18940430-409" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-409" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-409-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-409-18940430 t18940430-409-offence-1 t18940430-409-verdict-1"/>
<p>409.
<persName id="def1-409-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-409-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-409-18940430" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-409-18940430" type="surname" value="URRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-409-18940430" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARCHIBALD URRY</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-409-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-409-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-409-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-409-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-409-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-409-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously forging and uttering an endorsement to an order for £16, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the prosecutor. He received a good character from a witness, who undertook to employ him.—
<rs id="t18940430-409-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-409-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-409-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-409-18940430 t18940430-409-punishment-10"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-410">
<interp inst="t18940430-410" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-410" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-410-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-410-18940430 t18940430-410-offence-1 t18940430-410-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300014"/>
<p>410.
<persName id="def1-410-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-410-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-410-18940430" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-410-18940430" type="surname" value="CARNALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-410-18940430" type="given" value="ERNEST SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST SAMUEL CARNALL</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-410-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-410-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-410-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a receipt for a registered letter.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. H. C. RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-52" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-52" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am head paper-keeper of the Money Order Office at Mount Pleasant, Clerkenwell—on 18th April, in the afternoon, I made up a letter, and put in it £1 19s. 7d., consisting of a sovereign, half-sovereign, a florin, and a penny, for Mr. Walters, a paper-keeper in my department—I addressed the letter to Mr. W. T. Walters, 25, Cornford Road, Peckham—I fastened the envelope, and registered it, and gave it to Mr. Courtney to dispatch to the post—Walters was absent on sick leave, and this was his weekly money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-53" type="surname" value="COURTNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-53" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES COURTNEY</persName> </hi>. I am a paper-keeper employed in the office at Mount Pleasant—on the afternoon of 18th April I received from Mr. Wright a registered letter, addressed to Mr. Walters—I gave it to the guard of the official omnibus to take to Mr. Pavitt, and he brought back this receipt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-54" type="surname" value="PAVITT"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-54" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PAVITT</persName> </hi>. I am guard of the official postal omnibus which runs between Mount Pleasant and the General Post Office—on the afternoon of 18th April Mr. Courtney gave me a registered letter, addressed to Mr. Walters, of Cornford Road, Peckham—I gave a receipt for it to Mr. Courtney—it was about six when the letter was registered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-55" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-55" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS WEBB</persName> </hi>. I am counter man at the General Post Office, St. Martin's-le-Grand—on 18th April, between six and 6.30, I received a registered letter addressed to Mr. Walters—I entered it in a book, which I produce—I gave it to Joseph Bovier, who signed my book for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-56" type="surname" value="BOBEER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-56" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BOBEER</persName> </hi>. I am a second-class sorter at the General Post Office—on 18th April I received a registered letter from Webb, addressed to Mr. Walters—I gave a receipt for it in this book—this is my signature—I put it in a sealed bag and took it to the Registered Letter Office, where I received a signature for it in this other book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-57" type="surname" value="CORDWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CORDWELL</persName> </hi>. I am a first-class sorter in the Registered Letter Office—I signed this book for two bags—there were two registered letters in one bag—the bags were sealed when I received them—I sorted them up in the usual course—Mr. McCarthy, the dispatching officer, would have them—a letter for Cornford Road, Peckham, would be sorted to the S. E. district.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-58" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-58" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS MCCARTHY</persName> </hi>. I am a first-class sorter at the General Post Office—I was on duty on the evening of 18th April—this is my hand
<lb/>writing against the name of Walters in this book—it represents the dis
<lb/>patch of a registered letter sent to the S. E. district office about 7.5 p.m.; that was when it left my hands.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-59" type="surname" value="ELSWORTHY"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-59" type="given" value="FRANK AUGUSTUS"/>FRANK AUGUSTUS ELSWORTHY</persName> </hi>. I am a first-class sorter at the S. E. District office—I was on duty on the evening of 18th April—I received a registered letter addressed to Walters—I handed it to Wickes, who signed this letter bill for it, as well as myself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-60" type="surname" value="WICKES"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-60" type="given" value="ALFRED EDWIN"/>ALFRED EDWIN WICKES</persName> </hi>. I am a first-class sorter at the S. E. district</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300015"/>
<p>office—I was on duty there on the evening of 18th April—I received from Elsworthy a registered letter addressed to Walters—I put my initial against it, and dispatched it to Peckham by the 7.40 p.m. dispatch, with three other letters.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-61" type="surname" value="HEATH"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-61" type="given" value="ROBERT EDWARD"/>ROBERT EDWARD HEATH</persName> </hi>. I am head postman at the Peckham Post Office—on 18th April I signed the letter bill for this registered letter, and entered it in a book and handed the letter to the prisoner with these two forms—he gave me this counterfoil as a receipt; the other part I gave the prisoner to get signed by the recipient of the letter—this counterfoil is signed by the prisoner—he would go out on the 8.15 p.m. delivery; he ought to have brought back the receipt to the office and placed it on the file—Cornford Road is about a mile from the office—I have frequently seen the prisoner write; I cannot say that I know his writing well—the receipt is signed in the name of Walters—I have been in the Peckham Office three or four years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-62" type="surname" value="DWYER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-62" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DWYER</persName> </hi>. I am the Overseer of the Peckham Post Office—the prisoner was employed there, and has been an auxiliary letter carrier since July last—his duty was on the first and last deliveries—I produce a receipt purporting to be signed by Walters; I found it on the file; it would be put there by the prisoner, and then pasted in a book with the counterfoil the following day by the head postman—the postman's duty would be to deliver it at the house to the addresses, or to some responsible person who he believed was authorised to take it—the prisoner was supplied with a book of the rules at the office; I produce a copy of them—I have had an opportunity of noticing the prisoner's handwriting while in the office—in my opinion the signature of "Walters" is in the hand
<lb/>writing of the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-63" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-63" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS WALTERS</persName> </hi>. I am employed at the Mount Pleasant Post Office—on 18th April I was absent on sick leave, and on the 17th I wrote for my money to be sent to me in a registered letter—I expected it on the Saturday—on Wednesday evening, 18th April, I was at home, sitting in the breakfast parlour, the front room downstairs—I was there all the evening—I expected a letter between nine and ten—I have no letter-box on the door; it would be necessary for the postman to knock—there is a small garden in front, running from the pavement to the window—the door is about five or six feet from the pavement, so close that I can hear anyone talking in the garden; if two persons had come within the gate that evening I should have heard them—I did not receive thin letter then, or on any other evening—I have given no one authority to write my name on a letter form—this receipt is not mine—I was expecting this letter, and was listening for the postman on that night—I feel certain that no one came to the house that night—the blinds were down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-64" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the secretary's office at the General Post Office—I am principally employed in confidential in
<lb/>quiries—this book is a copy of the rules—on 24th April I saw the prisoner at the General Post Office—I said to him, "I am investigating the loss of a registered letter, posted on the 18th April, addressed to Mr. W. T. Walters, of 25, Cornford Road, Peckham, containing £1 19s. 7d.; this letter was handed to you for delivery on the night of the 18th, and you signed for it. What did you do with that letter?"—he said, "I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300016"/>
<p>delivered it. I was going up Cornford Road, and a man came up to me and asked if I had anything for No. 25—I said, 'Yes,' but I could not give it up in the street; 'I will take it to the house.' I went up to the house; the man was standing inside the gate; the man took the letter and signed for it; he held it up against the wall and signed for it"—I said, "Do you know the man?"—he said, "No"—I said, "Did you knock at the door?"—he said, "No"—I said, "Had you ever seen the man before?"—he said, "No, I don't know that I had seen him before"—I said, "The receipt is signed in pencil"—he said, "Yes, sir, I handed the man my pencil"—I said, "What time did you deliver the letter?"—he said, "About half-past nine"—I said, "That receipt appears to be signed in your handwriting"—he said, "It is not my writing"—I then produced this form, which he filled up on entering the service—I said, "Is this your writing?"—he examined it and said, "Yes"—it is my special duty to compare handwriting—I have been examined as an expert in this Court and others—in my opinion this writing on the receipt is the prisoner's—there is a peculiar capital T and a capital W just above; that T is exactly like the prisoner's capital T, but it is in a different inclination; there is a resemblance between the two W's—there is a distance between the capital W and the letters following—that is a peculiarity in the prisoner's writing—he also invariably writes above the line, never on the line—that is a peculiarity of his throughout the form of application, and there is the same on the receipt; those are the similarities upon which I rely—in my opinion the handwriting on the receipt for the registered letters is in the prisoner's writing—considering the thinness of the paper on which it is written, I should say it was impossible it could have been written against the wall without showing the marks—I did not examine the wall at the time; it is a concrete wall, indented by the grain; it is a kind of sandy material—it would have been dark at half-past nine, and it would be difficult for a man to write in a direct line—the prisoner may have had a lamp, but as a rule he did not carry one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> At the time you were at the Post Office you wrote, at my request, the name of Walters, and you wrote it above the line—I have been eight years in this department—I have been five years occupied in comparing handwriting.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-65" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-65" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BROOKS</persName> </hi>. I am a constable attached to the Post Office—on 24th April, about eight a.m., I stopped the prisoner in Kirkwood Road, Peckham, after ho had finished his delivery—I told him who I was, and took him to the General Post Office, to Mr. Edwards—I opened his bag; it contained a small packet unopened, with a tie label with an address on it—I was present at the conversation between Mr. Edwards and the prisoner—I confirm Mr. Edwards' evidence—I searched the prisoner; I found on him a small lady's watch in a black case, a purse, threepence, a knife, and other small articles—I went to his lodging, 18, Kimberley Road, Peckham, and there found an imitation gold chain, with an imitation pencil-case attached, six other silver pencils, a silver fruit knife, a silver thimble, two purses, and some memoranda—I charged him with stealing this letter, and also the packet, and with forging the receipt—he made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence.</hi> All I can say is that I gave the letter to a respectable-looking man. He asked me if T had anything for 25. I said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300017"/>
<p>I could not give it to him in the road; I took him inside his gate; he stood on the third step. I said "Walters?" He said "Yes," and I gave him the letter, and he signed the receipt for it. I took the receipt, and put it on the file.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. T. WALTERS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I had not mentioned to anyone that I was expecting a registered letter that evening—I had never seen the prisoner previously—the front of the house has not been painted since I have lived there—it has a rough surface; it has an even surface enough to write on.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-66" type="surname" value="DWYER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-66" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DWYER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). It would be the prisoner's duty to put the receipt on the file the next morning when he came on duty.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-410-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-410-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-410-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-410-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-410-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-410-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-410-18940430 t18940430-410-punishment-11"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">There was an indictment against the prisoner for stealing a packet found in his bag, and a test letter wan also in it, which had not been opened.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-411">
<interp inst="t18940430-411" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-411" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-411-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-411-18940430 t18940430-411-offence-1 t18940430-411-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-411-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-411-18940430 t18940430-411-offence-2 t18940430-411-verdict-1"/>
<p>411.
<persName id="def1-411-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-411-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-411-18940430" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-411-18940430" type="surname" value="RICKETTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-411-18940430" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS RICKETTS</hi> (60)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-411-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-411-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-411-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-411-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-411-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-411-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940430-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-68" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-68" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-411-offence-1 t18940430-name-68"/>Henry Coleman</persName>, and stealing spoons and other articles; </rs>also
<rs id="t18940430-411-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-411-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-411-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940430-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-69" type="surname" value="WESTCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-69" type="given" value="JOHN BOWMAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-411-offence-2 t18940430-name-69"/>John Bowman Westcott</persName>, and stealing knives and other articles;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>* to a conviction of felony in December, 1893.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-411-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-411-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-411-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-411-18940430 t18940430-411-punishment-12"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-412">
<interp inst="t18940430-412" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-412" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-412-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-412-18940430 t18940430-412-offence-1 t18940430-412-verdict-1"/>
<p>412.
<persName id="def1-412-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-412-18940430" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-412-18940430" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-412-18940430" type="surname" value="BLACKBURN"/>
<interp inst="def1-412-18940430" type="given" value="HENRIETTA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRIETTA BLACKBURN</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">alias
<rs id="t18940430-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-412-18940430 t18940430-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ESTHER CROSS</hi> </rs> </hi>) (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-412-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-412-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-412-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to willfully causing to be inserted in a register of marriage the statement that she was a widow, whereas her husband was alive. (</rs>
<rs id="t18940430-412-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-412-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-412-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner pleaded</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to another indictment for bigamy.)—
<rs id="t18940430-412-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-412-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-412-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-412-18940430 t18940430-412-punishment-13"/>Six Weeks' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-413">
<interp inst="t18940430-413" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-413" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-413-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-413-18940430 t18940430-413-offence-1 t18940430-413-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-413-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-413-18940430 t18940430-413-offence-2 t18940430-413-verdict-1"/>
<p>413.
<persName id="def1-413-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-413-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-413-18940430" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-413-18940430" type="surname" value="RYAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-413-18940430" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK RYAN</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-413-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-413-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-413-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a pair of boots, the property of
<persName id="t18940430-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-72" type="surname" value="MCDONALD"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-72" type="given" value="KENNETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-413-offence-1 t18940430-name-72"/>Kenneth McDonald</persName>; </rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18940430-413-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-413-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-413-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>to assaulting
<persName id="t18940430-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-73" type="surname" value="CAUSTON"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-73" type="given" value="BERTIE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-73" type="occupation" value="CONSTABLE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-413-offence-2 t18940430-name-73"/>Bertie Causton</persName>, a constable, in the execution of his duty; and to a conviction** of felony in April, 1889.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940430-413-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-413-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-413-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-413-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-413-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-413-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-413-18940430 t18940430-413-punishment-14"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-414">
<interp inst="t18940430-414" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-414" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-414-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-414-18940430 t18940430-414-offence-1 t18940430-414-verdict-1"/>
<p>414.
<persName id="def1-414-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-414-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-414-18940430" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-414-18940430" type="surname" value="LACEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-414-18940430" type="given" value="RALPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RALPH LACEY</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-414-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-414-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-414-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t18940430-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-75" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-414-offence-1 t18940430-name-75"/>Dunkerley</persName> and stealing a diamond ring and a diamond brooch;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a conviction in May, 1888, in the name of Alfred Small.
<hi rend="italic">Seven other conviction is were proved against the prisoner.—</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18940430-414-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-414-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-414-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-415">
<interp inst="t18940430-415" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-415" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-415-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-415-18940430 t18940430-415-offence-1 t18940430-415-verdict-1"/>
<p>415.
<persName id="def1-415-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-415-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-415-18940430" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-415-18940430" type="surname" value="PRESTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-415-18940430" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES PRESTON</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-415-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-415-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-415-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, to attempting to procure the commission by
<persName id="t18940430-name-77" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-77" type="surname" value="BURTON"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-77" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-415-offence-1 t18940430-name-77"/>Ernest Burton</persName> of an act of gross indecency, and to indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18940430-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-78" type="surname" value="BURTON"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-78" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-415-offence-1 t18940430-name-78"/>Ernest Burton</persName>. </rs>
<rs id="t18940430-415-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-415-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-415-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's brother stated that a situation was awaiting the prisoner upon his release.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-416">
<interp inst="t18940430-416" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-416" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-416-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-416-18940430 t18940430-416-offence-1 t18940430-416-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-416-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-416-18940430 t18940430-416-offence-1 t18940430-416-verdict-2"/>
<p>416.
<persName id="def1-416-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-416-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-416-18940430" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-416-18940430" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-416-18940430" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BROWN</hi> (33)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-416-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-416-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-416-18940430" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-416-18940430" type="surname" value="ASHMORE"/>
<interp inst="def2-416-18940430" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERBERT ASHMORE</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-416-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-416-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-416-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-416-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-416-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-416-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940430-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-81" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-81" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-416-offence-1 t18940430-name-81"/>Henry Newman</persName>, and stealing two pairs of boots and three handkerchiefs, his property; Brown having been convicted at Chelmsford on July 23rd, 1888, in the name of William Russell.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-416-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-416-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-416-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-416-18940430 t18940430-416-punishment-15"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ASHMORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-416-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-416-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-416-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty] </rs>
<rs id="t18940430-416-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-416-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-416-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-416-18940430 t18940430-416-punishment-16"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-417">
<interp inst="t18940430-417" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-417" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-417-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-417-18940430 t18940430-417-offence-1 t18940430-417-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-417-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-417-18940430 t18940430-417-offence-1 t18940430-417-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-417-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-417-18940430 t18940430-417-offence-1 t18940430-417-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-417-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-417-18940430 t18940430-417-offence-1 t18940430-417-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-417-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def5-417-18940430 t18940430-417-offence-1 t18940430-417-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-417-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def6-417-18940430 t18940430-417-offence-1 t18940430-417-verdict-1"/>
<p>417.
<persName id="def1-417-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-417-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-417-18940430" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-417-18940430" type="surname" value="ANGUS"/>
<interp inst="def1-417-18940430" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDREW ANGUS</hi> (16)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-417-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-417-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-417-18940430" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-417-18940430" type="surname" value="WALSH"/>
<interp inst="def2-417-18940430" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH WALSH</hi> (17)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-417-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-417-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-417-18940430" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def3-417-18940430" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="def3-417-18940430" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE COOKE</hi> (16)</persName>,
<persName id="def4-417-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-417-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-417-18940430" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def4-417-18940430" type="surname" value="BRYAN"/>
<interp inst="def4-417-18940430" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK BRYAN</hi> (17)</persName>,
<persName id="def5-417-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def5-417-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def5-417-18940430" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def5-417-18940430" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="def5-417-18940430" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER WESTON</hi> (18)</persName>, and
<persName id="def6-417-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def6-417-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def6-417-18940430" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def6-417-18940430" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="def6-417-18940430" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HARRISON</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-417-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-417-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-417-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940430-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-88" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-88" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-417-offence-1 t18940430-name-88"/>Charles Mason</persName>, and stealing a cash-box and £6 15s., his property; Walsh having been con
<lb/>victed on May 13th, 1893. </rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300020"/>
<p>
<rs id="t18940430-417-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-417-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-417-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Cook and Bryan received good characters Harrison, Weston, Walsh, and Angus were stated to be the associates of thieves.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOKE</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRYAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-417-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-417-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-417-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-417-18940430 t18940430-417-punishment-17"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-417-18940430 t18940430-417-punishment-17"/>discharged on recognizances</rs> </hi>;
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALSH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-417-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-417-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-417-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-417-18940430 t18940430-417-punishment-18"/>Ten Months</rs> </hi>;
<hi rend="largeCaps">WESTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-417-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-417-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-417-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def5-417-18940430 t18940430-417-punishment-19"/>Six Weeks</rs> </hi>;
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRISON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-417-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-417-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-417-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def6-417-18940430 t18940430-417-punishment-20"/>Five Months; and</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANGUS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-417-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-417-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-417-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-417-18940430 t18940430-417-punishment-21"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-418">
<interp inst="t18940430-418" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-418" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-418-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-418-18940430 t18940430-418-offence-1 t18940430-418-verdict-1"/>
<p>418.
<persName id="def1-418-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-418-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-418-18940430" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-418-18940430" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="def1-418-18940430" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK DAVIES</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-418-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-418-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-418-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtaining one dozen tins of tomatoes from
<persName id="t18940430-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-90" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-90" type="given" value="JAMES GRAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-418-offence-1 t18940430-name-90"/>James Gray Wood</persName> by false pretences.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940430-418-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-418-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-418-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-418-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-418-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-418-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-418-18940430 t18940430-418-punishment-22"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-419">
<interp inst="t18940430-419" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-419" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-419-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-419-18940430 t18940430-419-offence-1 t18940430-419-verdict-1"/>
<p>419.
<persName id="def1-419-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-419-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-419-18940430" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-419-18940430" type="surname" value="EWEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-419-18940430" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT EDWARD EWEN</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-419-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-419-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-419-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to three indictments for burglary after a conviction at Highgate on October 13th, 1890.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940430-419-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-419-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-419-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-419-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-419-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-419-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-419-18940430 t18940430-419-punishment-23"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-420">
<interp inst="t18940430-420" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-420" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-420-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-420-18940430 t18940430-420-offence-1 t18940430-420-verdict-1"/>
<p>420.
<persName id="def1-420-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-420-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-420-18940430" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-420-18940430" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-420-18940430" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED HARVEY</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-420-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-420-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-420-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtaining one pound of tobacco from
<persName id="t18940430-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-93" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-93" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-420-offence-1 t18940430-name-93"/>Frederick Cook</persName>, two pounds from
<persName id="t18940430-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-94" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-94" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-420-offence-1 t18940430-name-94"/>George Pearce</persName>, and other quantities from other persons.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940430-420-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-420-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-420-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-420-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-420-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-420-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-420-18940430 t18940430-420-punishment-24"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-421">
<interp inst="t18940430-421" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-421" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-421-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-421-18940430 t18940430-421-offence-1 t18940430-421-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-421-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-421-18940430 t18940430-421-offence-1 t18940430-421-verdict-1"/>
<p>421.
<persName id="def1-421-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-421-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-421-18940430" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-421-18940430" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="def1-421-18940430" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD YOUNG</hi> (32)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-421-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-421-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-421-18940430" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def2-421-18940430" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="def2-421-18940430" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DODD</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-421-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-421-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-421-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a cash-box and £17 2s. 6d. in money, the property of
<persName id="t18940430-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-97" type="surname" value="THALCOM"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-97" type="given" value="RALPH GLASSCOTT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-421-offence-1 t18940430-name-97"/>Ralph Glasscott Thalcom</persName>; Young having been convicted in January, 1884, and Dodd at Newington, on January 6th, 1885. (
<hi rend="italic">A witness stated that Dodd had been in employment from</hi> 1888
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> 1892)</rs>
<rs id="t18940430-421-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-421-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-421-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DODD</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-421-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-421-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-421-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-421-18940430 t18940430-421-punishment-25"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">YOUNG</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-421-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-421-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-421-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-421-18940430 t18940430-421-punishment-26"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-422">
<interp inst="t18940430-422" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-422" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-422-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-422-18940430 t18940430-422-offence-1 t18940430-422-verdict-1"/>
<p>422.
<persName id="def1-422-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-422-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-422-18940430" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-422-18940430" type="surname" value="DALLY"/>
<interp inst="def1-422-18940430" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM DALLY</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-422-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-422-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-422-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940430-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-99" type="surname" value="CAVANAGH"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-99" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-422-offence-1 t18940430-name-99"/>Robert Cavanagh</persName>, and stealing a key and a bath, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACKWELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LUSHINGTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-100" type="surname" value="CAVANAGH"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-100" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CAVANAGH</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Baythorne Street, Mile End Old Town—on Sunday, April 1st, about 12.30, I secured the place—I heard a rust
<lb/>ling about two o'clock, and somebody walking across the passage, and then, the prisoner walked into my bedroom—I jumped out of bed, and told my wife to get my revolver—he went out, and I followed him—there was light from the street lamp—I got into the street, and was as close to the prisoner as I am to you—I saw his face, and am sure he is the man—I shouted for the police, and after that I put on my trousers, and blew my police whistle; the police came up, and said they had got a man in custody—I think I have seen the prisoner loitering about the neighbourhood—I found a foot-bath in the garden, and the key of the front door, which was, taken from a slab in the hall.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was no light in our bedroom or in the passage, only from the street lamp—I did not see the prisoner's face in the bedroom or in the passage; he was walking out—I said at the Police-court that I recognised him by his back; there is a peculiar cut with him—he lives about half an hour's walk off.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-101" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-101" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-101" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN BOLTON</persName> </hi>. I am in Mr. Cavanagh's service—I fastened the scullery window before I went to bed, and saw an iron bar on a washing stool.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-102" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-102" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CHAPMAN</persName> </hi> (198
<hi rend="italic">A</hi>). On April 1st, about 2 a.m., I was on duty, and heard cries of "Police!" and a door slam—I saw the prisoner running in a direction from the prosecutor's house, and endeavoured to stop him, but failed—finding he was a better runner than I, I threw my truncheon at him and hit him on the head, which brought him to the ground—I blew my whistle, and three constables came up—when the charge was made at the station the prisoner said, "It is false."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was at the corner of St. Paul's Road and Baythorne</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300021"/>
<p>Street—the prisoner was running towards me as fast as he could—I got out of sight, and when he got to the corner I ran out, but failed to stop him—I know him by sight as living in the neighbourhood—the prose
<lb/>cutor's house is forty yards down Baythorne Street, and the prisoner was running on the same side when I heard the door bang—the prosecutor came to the door undressed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-103" type="surname" value="OLDFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-103" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN OLDFIELD</persName> </hi> (565
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). I was on duty, heard a whistle, and saw Chapman with the prisoner lying on the ground—I remained in charge of the prisoner; he tried to get away, and did so after a severe struggle, but he was re-captured—after daylight I found this key where the struggle took place; it is the key of Mr. Cavanagh's door.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">R. CAVANAGH</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This is the key of my door.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My door was locked, and the key was on a slab out
<lb/>side my bedroom door—the prisoner went out by the hall door, which was fastened with two bolts and a chain; this is a latch-key; we fasten back the latch in the day—the door was ready for the prisoner to open, and he opened it and slammed it in my face—he had not got further than I am from you when I got out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "I am innocent. I came round the corner, and the constable said, 'You need not come running back,' and hit me this blow with his truncheon; down I went, and I do not recollect anything more."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-422-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-422-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-422-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-422-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-422-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-422-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-422-18940430 t18940430-422-punishment-27"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-423">
<interp inst="t18940430-423" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-423" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-423-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-423-18940430 t18940430-423-offence-1 t18940430-423-verdict-1"/>
<p>423.
<persName id="def1-423-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-423-18940430" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-423-18940430" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-423-18940430" type="surname" value="WILLIMONT"/>
<interp inst="def1-423-18940430" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDITH WILLIMONT</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-423-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-423-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-423-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Indicted for feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18940430-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-105" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-105" type="surname" value="WILLIIMONT"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-105" type="given" value="VIVIANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-423-offence-1 t18940430-name-105"/>Viviane Willimont</persName>, with intent to murder her.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18940430-423-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-423-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-423-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="unfitToPlead"/>
<hi rend="italic">Upon the evidence of Dr. George Edward Walker, surgeon of Holloway Prison, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found the prisoner to be insane, and unfit to plead to the indictment.—</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-423-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-423-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-423-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-423-18940430 t18940430-423-punishment-28"/>Ordered to be detained during Her Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-424">
<interp inst="t18940430-424" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-424" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-424-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-424-18940430 t18940430-424-offence-1 t18940430-424-verdict-1"/>
<p>424.
<persName id="def1-424-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-424-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-424-18940430" type="surname" value="CANNING"/>
<interp inst="def1-424-18940430" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR CANNING</hi> </persName>(
<hi rend="italic">a soldier</hi>)
<rs id="t18940430-424-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-424-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-424-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/> (20), Feloniously threatening to accuse
<persName id="t18940430-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-107" type="surname" value="HEWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-107" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-424-offence-1 t18940430-name-107"/>Robert Hewland</persName> of an unnatural crime, with intent to extort money.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, for demanding money with menaces.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-108" type="surname" value="HEWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-108" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HEWLAND</persName> </hi>. I am a surveyor—I live at Bedford Mansions, Henrietta Street, Covent Garden—at 12.30 a.m. on Friday, 20th April, I was coming from Leicester Square to Henrietta Street—I noticed the prisoner following me, and as I was turning from a small court into Cran
<lb/>bourne Street, goinghome, he asked me for a shilling—I motioned him away, and walked very quickly—he followed me through the court into St. Martin's Lane; I crossed the road rapidly, and went into a public-house to dodge and get rid of him—as I went in at the door he said, "If you will give me a drink I will go away"—I gave him a glass of beer, which be drank, and I drank some whisky—he went out first, and, as I thought, he went one way and I went the other, but within a minute or so he came up again—I was, wearing this pin, set with turquoises and pearls—he repeated his request for a shilling, but not in so many words—I cannot recollect</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300022"/>
<p>exactly his words—I walked rapidly on, and he followed and snatched my pin out of my scarf—I took hold of him, and said I would give him in charge—he begged very hard of me not to do so—he said, "Oh, do not give me in charge; I will give you back your pin if you will give me some money"—he entreated very much—I had only a few pence—I was then within a few steps of my own door, and I said, "I have no money with me"—I have never given anyone in charge before, and I said if he would take a few shillings I would give it to him, and would not give him in charge if he would give me back my pin—he said, "Very well"—I opened the street door of Bedford Mansions, and the prisoner stepped within—my chambers are on the third floor—the porter lives in the basement—he closes at eleven—the prisoner said, "I will remain here"—I ran up to my flat—after I returned from going into one of my rooms, I found he was in the entrance—I had left the door of my flat open, and he was in the hall—that was almost imme
<lb/>diately afterwards—he said, "Now I am here, I do not want any of your silver; I will have some gold"—he said he wanted £1, and gradually increased it to £5—he said, "If you don't give me £5, I won't stir," and that he would accuse me of an awful offence, that he would not stick at anything—there was an altercation—he said, "If you don't give me £5 I will accuse you of taking liberties with me"—that he would swear anything—I said a good deal to per
<lb/>suade him—I said if he kept to his original plan, and would give me my pin, I would give him what he demanded, and would withdraw what he said he would accuse me of—I was quite sober—I was dumbfounded, and did not know whether to call my two maid-servants—I finally called the porter, Watkins, whom I told in the prisoner's presence that the prisoner had taken my pin, and that I had said I would pay him for it (I meant, give him the few shillings he asked for), and that he had demanded £5 from me, and threatened unless I did that he would accuse me—I told the porter to fetch a constable, which he did—I gave the prisoner into custody on the charge of stealing my pin—I went to the Police-station, and told the officer in charge what I have now stated in the prisoner's hearing—he said that he knew nothing about it—I went to the Police-court the same morning, gave my evidence, and the prisoner was com
<lb/>mitted for trial—on my return from the City in the evening I found my servant, Ada Todd, had placed my pin in my bedroom—it is not true that in Leicester Square I said "Good evening" to the prisoner, or walked with him, or asked him what regiment he belonged to, or if he would like a drink; or that at my chambers I said, "I live here; come in here, but don't make a noise"; or that he sat there, and talked with me half-an-hour, and that all at once I accused him of stealing my scarf
<lb/>pin; or that he said he did not know I had a pin—I believe it is true the porter caught him by the throat, and said, "What is this?" that a minute or two afterwards the constable came, and asked him for the pin—not that I said, "You have my pin," and that he said, "Nothing of the kind"—he was searched at the station, and the pin was not found there—from the time I left Leicester Square till I reached my lodgings in Henrietta Street I saw no policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I had not seen the man before—I am positive I was quite sober; I had been dining with friends at Hampstead—I did not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300023"/>
<p>treat the prisoner as my dearest friend; one does not treat his dearest friend by giving him into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This is my first experience of such an adventure.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-109" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-109" type="given" value="JOHN DAVID"/>JOHN DAVID WATKINS</persName> </hi>. I am caretaker and porter at Bedford Mansions—the prosecutor has chambers on the third floor; I live in the basement—about 1.30 a.m. on 20th April I was aroused by the prosecutor, who came down and said something to me—I went with him up to his rooms—I saw the prisoner standing inside the door, with his back to the window—prosecutor said in the prisoner's hearing, "This man has stolen my pin, and says that unless I give him £5 he will charge me with * * * and he has stolen my pin"—the prisoner made no reply, only, a little after, he said, "I have not got the pin"—that was a few minutes after—I fetched a constable, and the prisoner was given into custody for stealing the pin—I went to the Police-station, and heard him charged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-110" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ATKINSON</persName> </hi> (287
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). I was called to Bedford Mansions, where I heard an altercation between the prosecutor and the prisoner—the prose
<lb/>cutor said he wished to charge the prisoner with stealing his scarf-pin—the prisoner made no reply—I told him he would have to come with me to the station—we all went to Bow Street—the prisoner was charged with stealing the turquoise and pearl scarf-pin, the property of the prose
<lb/>cutor—he made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not ask me to search you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He was searched at the Police-station—nothing was found on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-111" type="surname" value="TODD"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-111" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA TODD</persName> </hi>. I am servant to Mr. Hewland; he lives on the third floor at Bedford Mansions—about one o'clock on the 20th April I was sweep
<lb/>ing up the lobby, and when I took up the mat I found the pin (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I knew Mr. Hewland had gone to Bow Street—the pin was underneath the mat—I gave it to Mr. Hewland.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-112" type="surname" value="HEWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-112" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HEWLAND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This is the pin I was wearing, and which the prisoner took out of my scarf—it was put on my table—when he snatched it I put my hand up immediately.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "I never spoke such a word as to demand £5. I went to the Empire Theatre last night. As I was coming out through Leicester Square the prosecutor passed by I thought I knew him, and looked at him. He stopped and said 'Good evening.' We walked along, and he asked me what regiment I was in, and as we were passing a public-house in St. Martin's Lane he asked me if I would like to have a drink. I went and had a drink. We came out, and walked by some back streets to Covent Garden till all at once he stopped me near some chambers, and said, 'I live in here; would you like to come up? Do not make, a noise.' We went to the third floor, We sat talking together. All at once he turned round and accused me of stealing his pin. I said 'I did not know you had a pin,' He said, 'Very well.' He walked downstairs, and fetched the porter up. The porter clutched me by the throat, and said, 'What is this?' and he went straight downstairs, and a minute or two afterwards came up with a policeman. The policeman asked me if I had the pin. The prosecutor said, 'Give me the pin, and I will say, no more about it.' I said, 'I have not got it; you may search me if you think I have got it.' I came to the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300024"/>
<p>station, where they searched me. I did not have it."
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, stated that the prosecutor had asked him if some money would be any good to him, as he knew soldiers had not much money; that it was not true that he forced his way up, or demanded money; that he had 10s. and 2s. given to him, making all that he had in his pocket</hi>, 15s. 3 1/2 d.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-113" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-113" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ATKINSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). When the prisoner was searched at the station some silver and coppers were found on him—I could not tell how much—I think something like 8s., but not 10s. and 2s.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-114" type="surname" value="HEWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-114" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HEWLAND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I did not give him 10s. nor 2s., nor any money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-424-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-424-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-424-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at Newington in January, 1892.—
<rs id="t18940430-424-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-424-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-424-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-424-18940430 t18940430-424-punishment-29"/>Eight Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday and Thursday, May</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd and</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-425">
<interp inst="t18940430-425" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-425" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-425-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-425-18940430 t18940430-425-offence-1 t18940430-425-verdict-1"/>
<p>425.
<persName id="def1-425-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-425-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-425-18940430" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-425-18940430" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-425-18940430" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BROWN</hi> (62)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-425-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-425-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-425-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-425-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-425-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-425-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t18940430-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-116" type="surname" value="AMSDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-116" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-425-offence-1 t18940430-name-116"/>James Amsden</persName>, and stealing four boots and one shoe;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a conviction** of felony in January, 1894.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-425-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-425-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-425-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-425-18940430 t18940430-425-punishment-30"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-426">
<interp inst="t18940430-426" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-426" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-426-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-426-18940430 t18940430-426-offence-1 t18940430-426-verdict-1"/>
<p>426.
<persName id="def1-426-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-426-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-426-18940430" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-426-18940430" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-426-18940430" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JAMES WHITE</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-426-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-426-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-426-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Unlawfully and indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18940430-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-118" type="age" value="10"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-118" type="surname" value="MIDWINTER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-118" type="given" value="DAISY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-426-offence-1 t18940430-name-118"/>Daisy Midwinter</persName>, aged ten.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HURRELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-426-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-426-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-426-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-426-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-426-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-426-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-426-18940430 t18940430-426-punishment-31"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-427">
<interp inst="t18940430-427" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-427" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-427-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-427-18940430 t18940430-427-offence-1 t18940430-427-verdict-1"/>
<p>427.
<persName id="def1-427-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-427-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-427-18940430" type="surname" value="OPPENHEIM"/>
<interp inst="def1-427-18940430" type="given" value="JOHN HERMAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HERMAN OPPENHEIM</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18940430-427-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-427-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-427-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Unlawfully and indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18940430-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-120" type="surname" value="TODD"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-120" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-427-offence-1 t18940430-name-120"/>Margaret Todd</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-427-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-427-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-427-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-428">
<interp inst="t18940430-428" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-428" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-428-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-428-18940430 t18940430-428-offence-1 t18940430-428-verdict-1"/>
<p>428.
<persName id="def1-428-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-428-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-428-18940430" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-428-18940430" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="def1-428-18940430" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HARDING</hi> (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-428-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-428-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-428-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-428-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-428-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-428-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully and indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18940430-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-122" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-122" type="given" value="ALICE MAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-428-offence-1 t18940430-name-122"/>Alice Maud Webb</persName>, under thirteen years of age.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-428-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-428-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-428-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-428-18940430 t18940430-428-punishment-32"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-429">
<interp inst="t18940430-429" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-429" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-429-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-429-18940430 t18940430-429-offence-1 t18940430-429-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-429-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-429-18940430 t18940430-429-offence-1 t18940430-429-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-429-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-429-18940430 t18940430-429-offence-1 t18940430-429-verdict-1"/>
<p>429.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="def1-429-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-429-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-429-18940430" type="surname" value="UPJOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-429-18940430" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM UPJOHN</persName>,
<persName id="def2-429-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-429-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-429-18940430" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-429-18940430" type="given" value="THOMAS"/> THOMAS GODDARD</persName> </hi>, and
<persName id="def3-429-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-429-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-429-18940430" type="surname" value="HUSBAND"/>
<interp inst="def3-429-18940430" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HUSBAND</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18940430-429-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-429-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-429-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18940430-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-126" type="surname" value="POST"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-126" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-429-offence-1 t18940430-name-126"/>Frederick Post</persName>, and stealing 3 1/2 d. from him.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. THORNE COLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">G. A. BLACKWELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Upjohn</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Goddard, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMPSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Husband.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-127" type="surname" value="POST"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-127" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK POST</persName> </hi>. I am a groom, living at 14, Exeter Place, Brompton Road—on March 28th I had taken my dog for a run, and was going home at 12.20 midnight when Upjohn ran against me—I came down Launcelot Place and crossed Brompton Road—the two other prisoners were with him—Goddard threw me down—Husband, whom I knew well, said, while I was on the ground, "Go down his pockets and get all he had got"—Goddard felt in my pockets and took 3 1/2 d. from my ticket pocket; it wag; all I had with me—Upjohn stood by the side of Husband—I got up—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300025"/>
<p>Goddard tried to put his hat on my head; I would not have it; then he gave me my own hat, and knocked me down—the other prisoners were then standing on the pavement at the said—when I got up I said to Husband, "All right, Mr. Husband, I know you"—Husband, I think it was said, "We have better
<hi rend="italic">nip</hi> it; he is off after a
<hi rend="italic">rozer"</hi>—they ran away—I went and saw a constable, and complained of being robbed, and went back to him to New Street, but I could not see the prisoners—my head was cut fearfully; it struck the side of the pavement; my nose was put on one side, and my lip was cut and bled very much—about eleven o'clock I went with Jennings and Dougall to a public-house, where I pointed out Upjohn and Goddard.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. This took place opposite the Fulham Bridge Public-house, at the corner near Harrod's Stores—I had never seen Upjohn until that night—he ran against me, and I was im
<lb/>mediately tumbled down by one of the others—when I got up, Upjohn was standing on the pavement three or four yards off—he was not dressed as he is now—he did not say anything—I do not recognize him by his voice—I was on the side of the road when he ran against me—I am groom to one of the officers living at Knightsbridge Barracks—I live out—I do not know the Grapes—Upjohn was found at the Fulham Bridge Public-house—I heard him say when taken into custody that he knew nothing about it, and that he had not seen me before—I know nothing about him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. It was darkish corner where I was attacked; there was a lamp at the corner—I had never seen Goddard before that night—I found Upjohn and Goddard together at 10.15 of 10.30 p.m., at the Fulham Bridge Public-house—Goddard is the smallest and lightest of the three men—he knocked me about.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMPSON</hi>. I left the Earl Gray at 11.45 that night—I had playing in domino tournament there that night for about one and half hours—my dog was with me all the time—I only had one drink there—I had had one drink in the morning about eleven o'clock—I had nothing else to drink that day—I know Husband well; he lives about there—I do not know his address; it may be only three hundred or four hundred yards from where I live—he had his arm in a sling on this night—no one else came up—it took about three or four minutes—Hus
<lb/>band said, "Nip it"—all three prisoners ran away—they were standing at the corner when I first saw them—I did not say, "Good-night, Hus
<lb/>band"—I have known him three or four years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The Fulham Bridge, opposite which this happened, was not well lighted—it was 12.20—there was a street lamp ten or twelve yards off—there was light enough to distinctly see the features of the men who attacked me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. My dog is a white Scotch collie—he was a little way in front of me, and took no part in the struggle—he is not particularly timid.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-128" type="surname" value="JENNINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-128" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED JENNINGS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective B</hi>). At 10.30 on the night of 29th I went with Sergeant Dougall and Post to the Fulham Bridge Public-house—the prosecutor went in, came out, and spoke to us; went in again, came out a second time, and then we called Upjohn and Goddard, whom he pointed out to us—Dougall told them they would be taken into custody</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300026"/>
<p>on the charge of highway robbery with violence, and stealing 3l. 2d.—Goddard said, "I don't know anything about it; what time did it happen?"—before I could answer he said, "I left work at half-past five"—I said, "About twelve"—I have not got on my note what I said—Upjohn was in Dougall's custody—I arrested Husband at his house, 29, Raphael Street—I told him the charge—he said, "I saw the row, and the men running away"—I said, "What men?"—he said, "I don't know; I don't know anything about the affair."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMPSON</hi>. I believe I used the word "row" before the Magistrate—I had not my notebook out at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. I was in the Court when Scott gave evidence; I cannot say that he was called by anybody—he came to the station and made a statement the night prior to the men coming up on remand—Dougall has his statement—Scott was not there on the first occasion—the first hearing was on 30th March, and the remand was till 4th April—on April 3rd Scott came to the station, I think—he made a statement to the inspector, and was told to wait till I and Dougall came in, and when we came in he made a statement which Dougall has in writing; he signed it—he was told if he had anything to say he had better Attend at the Police-court the next morning—he did attend—one of the accused was represented by a legal gentleman—Scott came forward and volunteered his evidence before the Magistrate—he was sworn, bound over, and is here to-day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-129" type="surname" value="DOUGALL"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DOUGALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant B</hi>). At 10.30 p.m. on 29th March, I was with Jennings when the prosecutor pointed out Upjohn and Goddard—I called Upjohn out of the public-house and took him into custody, and told him the charge—he said, "You have made a mistake this time, governor"—on the way to the station he said, "What time was it?"—I said, "About a quarter-past twelve"—he said, "I was in the Montpelier playing skittles, on my way home"—I asked him, "Did you meet any person on that night?" (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">asked the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">as the witness had no right to ask the question, not to allow the prisoner's answer to be given. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that as the practice was so well established as to the extreme impropriety of constables asking questions of accused persons, the evidence should not be given</hi>)—I did not caution him—I searched and found on him nine shillings in silver, and twopence three-farthings in bronze.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. Scott made a statement to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">This statement was handed to the officer of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-130" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-130" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KNIGHT</persName> </hi>. I live at 52, North Street, Sloane Street, Chelsea, and am Upjohn's stepfather—I am a coppersmith—Upjohn assists me in business; he is twenty-three, I think; I have been married to his mother for ten yean—I never heard a word against his character; I never knew him to be in any trouble before—I always found him to be a respectable, steady young fellow; he lives with me—on the 28th March I was upstairs with my wife when he came in at 11.30—he sleeps at the top of the house, I sleep on the second floor—I am sure he did not go out again that night—he lets himself in with a latch key—I went to bed at 11.35—I am sure he shut the street door.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The Fulham Bridge Public-house is about thirty or</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300027"/>
<p>forty yards, I should think, from our house—I saw him come in at 11.30—I remember him coming in jolly at half-past nine the same night—he stopped in about five minutes, and then went out—his mother was with me when he came in at 11.30—the next day he was taken into custody—I am not aware that I talked over the matter with his mother.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-131" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-131" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN KNIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am Upjohn's mother—this is the first time he has been in trouble—he has always been a good son, and borne a respectable character—I saw my son come home at half-past eleven on 28th March, and go to bed—I was in the room he came into; he wished me good-night, and went to bed—I am sure he did not to go out again that night—I and my husband were called at the Police-court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know it was 11.30 because I wound the clock up just before I went to bed—Fulham Bridge Public-house is about five minutes' walk from our place—there is one public-house nearer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-132" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-132" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA GODDARD</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Goddard, a shoemaker—I live at 34, North Street, Sloane Street, about ten minutes' walk from the Fulham Bridge Public-house—I am Goddard's mother; he is twenty-one to-day—he and his two brothers, William and James, live at home with me—he and William sleep in the same room, and James sleeps in an adjoining outer room on the same floor—Thomas would have to come out of his bedroom and go through James's room in order to go downstairs and out—on 28th March he had started work at a new situation with a firm of builders—he came home at 10.30; it was the night before his arrest—I and my husband had supper before he came in—I did not set him come in, but he always calls out "Good-night," and he called out "Good-night" on the stairs, as he always did—he would have his supper upstairs—I am positive he did go out again that night—on Tuesday night Scott called—I saw him at the Police-court I did not hear him give evidence—he made a statement to me before I gave evidence at the Police-court—I am willing to say what the statement was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know the other prisoners by sight merely—I have seen Upjohn with my son; they are very intimate together—I did not see my son that night; I merely heard his voice—I am positive he did not go out afterwards—I know Scott by sight—I never spoke to him, except on this occasion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-133" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-133" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GODDARD</persName> </hi>. I am Goddard's brother—I live with my parents—I heard of his arrest the next morning—he did not come home the pre
<lb/>vious night—on the night before that he went to bed about 11.15—he slept in the same bed with me—he went to bed just before I did—I went to sleep, and as far as I know he did not leave the house that night—I got up in the morning about seven o'clock; he had gone to work then—I awoke about five minutes after he got up—he was dressing—it was about five minutes past seven—I have been for six years a carman in the employment of Bowley.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> On the day before the robbery he was out of work; on the day itself he was in a situation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-134" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-134" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES GODDARD</persName> </hi>. I am Goddard's brother, and a fitter's labourer, working at Down Street, Piccadilly—I have been there eight and a half years—I sleep in the room next to that occupied by William and Thomas—the only exit from their room is through mine—the night before my brother was arrested I saw him and William in bed at 11.30, when I got</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300028"/>
<p>home—I went; to bed just on one o'clock—I was sitting up reading in my bedroom—Thomas had not gone out of his bedroom during that time—I and my brother were called as witnesses at the Police-court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen my brother with Upjohn, as he had been At work with him. (
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">intimated that it would be a dangerous thing to convict Upjohn and Goddard, the prosecutor, who had never seen them before the night of the occurrence, being the only witness Against them, and their families having being called for their defence.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACK WELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that he would not ask the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to convict them.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for Husband.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-135" type="surname" value="MEATYARD"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-135" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MEATYARD</persName> </hi>. I live at 54, Brompton Road—at 12.15 p.m. on 29th March, I was in the Earl Gray with my wife; we had come from the theatre—I saw the prosecutor in the bar; he was playing at dominoes when I first went in, and he had a bit of a squabble with Holland—he left between 12.15 and 12.20; another officer's servant left with him—I knew them both—I saw no dog—the prosecutor was not drunk; he was excited; he might have had a little drink.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see Husband that night—I passed the Fulham Bridge Public-house (my door is about five doors beyond); there was no one outside—I have known the prisoner eight or nine years by eight as a neighbour.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He bears a respectable character in the neighbourhood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Another witness deposed as to Husband's good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-429-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-429-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-429-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-430">
<interp inst="t18940430-430" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-430" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-430-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-430-18940430 t18940430-430-offence-1 t18940430-430-verdict-1"/>
<p>430.
<persName id="def1-430-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-430-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-430-18940430" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-430-18940430" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-430-18940430" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SMITH</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-430-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-430-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-430-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-430-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-430-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-430-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously uttering a forged order for payment of £5 7s. 4d., with violent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-430-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-430-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-430-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-430-18940430 t18940430-430-punishment-33"/>Six Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-431">
<interp inst="t18940430-431" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-431" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-431-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-431-18940430 t18940430-431-offence-1 t18940430-431-verdict-1"/>
<p>431.
<persName id="def1-431-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-431-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-431-18940430" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-431-18940430" type="surname" value="GIZARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-431-18940430" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC GIZARD</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-431-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-431-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-431-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, Feloniously receiving a watch, goods of
<persName id="t18940430-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-138" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-138" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-431-offence-1 t18940430-name-138"/>William Watts</persName>, well knowing the same to be stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-139" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-139" type="given" value="JONES"/>MR. JONES LEWIS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-140" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WATTS</persName> </hi>. I am a porter, residing at 144, Janes Road, Fins
<lb/>bury Park, employed at Messrs. Tamplin's, in Gresham Street—I left the warehouse at six p.m. on 9th April (going to Maw, Son and Thompson, Aldersgate Street), having in my possession the watch produced, fastened to a chain—on arriving I found my chain hanging, and no watch attached thereto; I did not meet anyone on the road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-141" type="surname" value="PERKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-141" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PERKINS</persName> </hi>. I am a servant at the Beehive Coffee-shop, 82, Com
<lb/>merical Street, E., and know the prisoner as a hawker of jewellery; I saw him in Pursell Street on 10th April, about eleven or twelve a.m.—he said, "Do you want a watch?"—I said, "No,
<hi rend="italic">Dutchy</hi>, I don't. How much do you want for it?"—he said, "A sovereign"—I said, "I haven't the money"—he said, "Take the watch and pay me when you can"—I said, "I have one watch; that's quite sufficient"—he said, "Show me your watch"—I showed it—he said, "Will you give me 10s. and this watch for it?"—I said, "Yes"—he gave me the watch produced; it was better than mine, and I gave him the half-sovereign and my watch—I took it to the pawnbroker's to pledge; they detained it and called a police-constable while I was there; I said how I got it, and went away.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300029"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Three days after I bought the watch he brought mine to me, and asked me to buy it back for 7s. which he has never paid up—I have known him some time; he is a customer of our coffee-shop, and hawks cheap jewellery—he holds a pedler's license—I Bought a chain of him before—I don't know that he goes to Johnson and Dimond's sales in the City—he told me I could get 15s. for this watch at any pawnbroker's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-142" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-142" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Constable</hi> 86
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On the morning of the 19th April I was called to Messrs. Jones, pawnbrokers—I saw the last witness there, and Goldring, the manager; the watch produced was handed to me—I saw the
<hi rend="italic">Pawnbrokers' Gazette</hi>, in which a watch of this sort was stated to have been stolen—I arrested the prisoner on the evening of the same day, about eight, in Commercial Street—I said; "
<hi rend="italic">Dutchy</hi>, I shall take you into custody"—he said, "What for?" and immediately threw himself to the ground—I took hold of his right arm (he held his left behind him), and pulled him up—a watch, not the stolen One, was lying on the pavement—on going to the station the prisoner said, "Give me back that watch; it fell out of my pocket"—he was detained at the station till Sergeant Wise came, who charged him with stealing and receiving the watch given to me by the pawnbroker—the prisoner said he bought it some three weeks ago at Johnson's in the City, and sold it to the boy at the coffee-shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not think he was asked the name of the boy to whom he said he sold it—I believe Johnson and Dimond are a well-known firm who deal in jewellery—he had not a pedlar's license—he applied for one—I have not been able to find the owner of the watch on the pavement—I don't know why he should have been frightened when I arrested him—I spoke very kindly, because I know him and his wife—I didn't touch him till he threw himself on the ground, where he struggled—I was in uniform—he had a bag in his hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I examined the watch on the pavement; it is in the same condition now as then, the number being erased.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-143" type="surname" value="WISE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-143" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WISE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On April 19th I saw the prisoner at Commercial Street Police-station—I told him I was a police officer from the City, and should take him to the Citron the charge of receiving the watch (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) stolen on the 9th—he said, "I bought it three weeks ago at Johnson and Dimond's sales"—the Inspector then came and asked me questions respecting the watch—prisoner was then handed over to my custody—while being put into the cab he said, "I might have made a mistake about the three weeks, it may have been only a few days ago." I have not found any owner for the other watch.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Hill was present when prisoner made his statement—he said, "I bought it at Johnson and Dimond's sales three weeks ago"—I did not take any note—when getting into the cab he did not say, "I sold in to a boy at the coffee-shop"—I did not hear him say that—if Hill says he did I cannot contradict it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He may have said it without my hearing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-431-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-431-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-431-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction on December 12th 1892, of stealing and receiving 184 empty fruit baskets,—
<rs id="t18940430-431-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-431-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-431-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-431-18940430 t18940430-431-punishment-34"/>Fifteen Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-432">
<interp inst="t18940430-432" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-432" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-432-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-432-18940430 t18940430-432-offence-1 t18940430-432-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300030"/>
<p>432.
<persName id="def1-432-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-432-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-432-18940430" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-432-18940430" type="surname" value="BOCKINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-432-18940430" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BOCKINGTON</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-432-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-432-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-432-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Unlawfully committing an act of gross indecency.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BROMLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>:</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-432-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-432-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-432-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">INSPECTOR HULL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">proved the prisoner to have been convicted of a similar act of indecency on the 10th November</hi>, 1890.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-432-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-432-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-432-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-432-18940430 t18940430-432-punishment-35"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-433">
<interp inst="t18940430-433" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-433" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-433-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-433-18940430 t18940430-433-offence-1 t18940430-433-verdict-1"/>
<p>433.
<persName id="def1-433-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-433-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-433-18940430" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-433-18940430" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-433-18940430" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY MAY</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-433-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-433-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-433-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-433-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-433-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-433-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18940430-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-146" type="age" value="6"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-146" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-146" type="given" value="HELENA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-433-offence-1 t18940430-name-146"/>Helena Richards</persName>, a girl under thirteen, to wit, six years and eight months.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-433-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-433-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-433-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-433-18940430 t18940430-433-punishment-36"/>Four Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Thursday and Friday, May</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd and</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-434">
<interp inst="t18940430-434" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-434" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-434-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-434-18940430 t18940430-434-offence-1 t18940430-434-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-434-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-434-18940430 t18940430-434-offence-1 t18940430-434-verdict-2"/>
<p>434.
<persName id="def1-434-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-434-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-434-18940430" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-434-18940430" type="surname" value="FARNARA"/>
<interp inst="def1-434-18940430" type="given" value="GUISEPPE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GUISEPPE FARNARA</hi> (44)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-434-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-434-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-434-18940430" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-434-18940430" type="surname" value="POLTI"/>
<interp inst="def2-434-18940430" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS POLTI</hi> (18)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18940430-434-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-434-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-434-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> having in their possession and control certain explosive substances, with intent to endanger life and property; other Counts vary
<lb/>ing the mode of charge.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FARELLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FARNARA</hi>
<hi rend="italic">being an Italian, and not understanding English, an inter preter was sworn, and when called on to plead to the indictment</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-434-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-434-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-434-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>HE PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and exclaimed</hi>, "I wanted to kill the capitalists."
<hi rend="italic">Upon being asked if he quite understood the charge, he replied</hi>, "Yes; I plead guilty; I had the intention to blow up the capitalists, and all the middle classes."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">POLTI</hi>
<hi rend="italic">pleaded</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-149" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-149" type="given" value="ANGUS SCOTT"/>ANGUS SCOTT LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I am a barrister, and am employed in the department of the Solicitors to the Treasury—I produce the consent, in writing, of the Attorney-General of the day, Sir Charles Russell, to the taking of these proceedings—it was signed by him in my presence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-150" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-150" type="given" value="JOHN ERNEST"/>JOHN ERNEST COHEN</persName> </hi>. I am the son of Mr. Cohen, who carries on the business of an engineer at 240, Blackfriars Road—on Friday, 30th of March last, I saw the prisoner Polti at our shop—he had with him a companion, who I identified at Bow Street as Farnara—Polti spoke—he asked whether he could have a piece of iron piping off the stack in our yard—I went with them to the heap of iron that was in the yard—one of them, I am not sure which, picked up a piece of iron piping—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the piece, and this other piece they picked out afterwards; they put the first piece back again—this bent one was the first piece, and afterwards the smaller piece, the straight piece—while they were picking out the pieces they were talking together in a foreign language I did not understand—when they had picked out the straight piece Polti said he would pay half-a-crown deposit on the two pieces of piping, and on Monday he would fetch them away and pay the rest—they wanted me cut a piece off the larger piece, the bent piece—they pointed with their fingers to about eight or ten inches off the straight part of it—I said we cud not do that kind of work—Farnara handed half-a-crown to Polti, and Polti gave it to me, and I gave a receipt for it—Polti was the only one</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300031"/>
<p>that spoke to me; he did nod say what he wanted the pieces for—I did not see him the next time he called—the pieces remained in our possession—I saw Polti on a subsequent day at our premises.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Farnara did not speak at all to me—I cannot tell which of them it was that indicated with the finger the eight or ten inches of the pipe.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-151" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-151" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Cohen, of 240, Blackfriars Road—on Thursday, 5th April, I saw Polti at our shop—he said he called about a socket and a piece of pipe that he had bought and paid a deposit on—the socket is the bend—he did not wish to take them away, but to pay a further deposit of eighteen pence—he asked if we could cut the pipe and socket for him—I said, "No; we do no work of that kind"—I gave him the address of an engineer who worked for us, Mr. Norm, of Barron's Place, Waterloo Road—he then paid me eighteen pence and left; I entered that on the receipt—he called again on the following Monday, the 9th—he then said he could not get the pipe cut, it was too expensive, and he again asked me if I could not cut it for him—I told him "No," and said, "What do you want?"—he said, "A piece of pipe with the ends closed"—I said, "I suppose you want it to open?"—I then told him I could suggest something that would answer his pur
<lb/>pose well, and I then made a rough sketch of what I suggested—I asked him what it was wanted for—he said it was not for himself, but for the other man, who was very poor—I then sent him down to the cellar to look for some steel sockets, and one of our men returned with him to the office, bringing a socket as a specimen—a socket is a thing with a screw or thread inside; it is a short piece of pipe screwed on the inside, joining two pieces of pipe together—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is an ordinary socket—I ex
<lb/>plained to him that by closing up the end of the socket it would form a cap, and two of those caps with a socket and a thread outside would answer his purpose—I imagined what his purpose was; I had an idea what it was for; I had a suspicion; I expected that he wanted it for a purpose of this kind, for a bomb—I suggested two caps—this is one cap; it becomes a cap when you close the end of it—this is the other cap; this is what I call the nipple—I showed him a sketch of the things,' not these articles; it was torn up; it was merely a casual sketch, as I should show to any customer., to see what it was—this is one cap with the end stopped—this nipple screws inside, and this other cap will go over that—the nipple connects them—nothing else was wanted but the two caps and the nipple—he asked me if I would get them for him—I said I would, and they would cost two shillings or three shillings more than the four shillings I already had—when I showed him the sketch and the things he said that it would do very nicely; just the thing he wanted—he said he would call again, and he came on the following Wednesday evening, that would be the 11th, about a quarter to eight—that was after the place wan closed—we closed at seven—I opened the door to him; I live on the premises—he asked if I had got these fittings for him—I said, "No, are you quite sure that is what you want?"—he said, "Yes, just the thing"—he then said he would like it five inches across, meaning the diameter—I said, "That is very large; would not four or four and a half do?"—he said he wanted it five—I said that would cost him more money, and I should think four and a half would be quite</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300032"/>
<p>big enough—he said he would call again the next day—the next day, Thursday, I gave information to the police at Stones End Police-station—on my way to the Police-station I purchased the nipple, and one of the caps now produced—that same day Inspector Quinn and another officer, Detective Riley, came to our premises, and remained there—I did not see the prisoner that day; I learnt that he called while I was out—I next saw him on the following Friday, the 13th, about half-past five or six—Inspector Quinn was then on the premises—I showed the prisoner the cap and the nipple which I had purchased—he said he was sorry I had not got the other cap, but that was just the thing he wanted—he paid another shilling—he asked if he could have the thing complete on Sunday—I said, "No"; I did not do business on Sunday, but he could have it any time on Saturday—he said it would be very inconvenient to call on Saturday, and after a little pressing I told him he could have it on Sunday, between seven and eight—as he was leaving I asked him his name, as I had not got it—he then gave me this card—on it is "Francis Polti, Representative of the Anglo-Italian Agency, 23, Warner Street, Farringdon Road, E. C."—I gave it to the police—at that interview, as we were talking, he said, "Miller is making me one"—Miller is an engineer of Lancaster Street, Borough Road—I was surprised, and said, "How is that?" he said "He was so long"—I said, "What is it like?" he said, "Yours is better and stronger"—he called next day, Saturday the 14th, between five and six—the shop was then closed, and the police were watching outside—my daughter opened the door to him—I had given her instructions—after she Had spoken to him he went away—I left the premises for a short time to see that the police were there, and when I came back I found the prisoner in the shop—t said I was surprised to see him, as he was coming on Sunday—he said as he was in the neighbour
<lb/>hood he thought it would do to see if we had got it ready—I took him to the back of the shop, and showed him the thing together, complete, the two caps fitted on the nipple—he examined it, and was very pleased with it—he said it was just the thing—he unscrewed it, and in doing so he said it went rather hard, he wanted it to go easy—I cleaned it, and oiled it, to make it go easy—he then paid me another half-crown, and I gave him this receipt for the whole of the money, 7s. 6d. "April 14th, Polti, bought of J. Cohen, machinery dealer, 240, Blackfriars Road, three three-and-a-half steam fittings, 7s. 6d. settled by cash, Cohen and Co., by T. Smith"—I wrapped them up in paper, and he took them away—as we were passing by the cellar door he asked me if I would let him have one of these old fittings—I took him out this one, and I permitted him to have it without any extra payment—I call it a socket—as he was going I asked him what kind of business he was connected with—he said he travelled on commission all over London, and called only on Frenchmen and Italians—I, said if any of his friends he called on wanted any steam power I would allow him a commission for any orders he could procure for me—I said, "What about your friend? What is he doing?"—he said that he travelled on the Continent, and that he might be in France or Italy any day that week—he asked fox a shilling commission on this one—I said if he wanted any more I would sell him at a shilling less—he said he might want five or six more, and might, see me again about the following Thursday—that was all the con
<lb/>versation</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300033"/>
<p>—from my experience in the trade there is no lawful purpose that I know of for which such a thing as this could be used—I don't know it as being used in trade for any purpose—I suspected from the first, and I was acting throughout on that suspicion, and under the direction of the police.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The name "bomb" was not mentioned by Polti at all in any shape or way—all my suspicion arose from what I have stated—he did not give me any information as to how he proposed to use it—when I asked him that he said, "It is not for myself; it is for the other man."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not ask Polti who the other man was—only one man came with him on the first occasion—it was on the Monday evening I first had suspicion—I don't think that "suspicion" is rather a weak word to use under the circumstances—when I asked whether he would require any more objects of this kind, I then believed it was for a bomb—as soon as I formed a suspicion I communicated with the police—he had no opportunity of obtaining the things from any of my assistants without the police being aware of it; it was impossible because I had not got them for him—I did not say anything to the persons in the shop about the possibility of his calling for these thing—I spoke to my wife about it on the Wednesday evening—I said nothing to the prisoner about approving of the manufacture of articles of this kind—I did not at any time intend to convey to the prisoner that I knew what these things were for—I did not give him any ground for my suspicion; I kept him in the dark.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-152" type="surname" value="BROCK"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-152" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT BROCK</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Mr. Cohen—on 30th March I was in the office and saw the prisoner there—I saw him pay a half-crown to Mr. Cohen; he got it from the other prisoner—I afterwards saw the prisoner in conversation with Mr. Smith, the manager, and I heard him arrange to call for something on a Sunday.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had no idea what the thing was that he was to call for—I formed no idea of its purpose—I saw it, but did not form any idea of its purpose, until it was all completed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I suspected then, of course, what it was for; that it was for a bomb.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-153" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-153" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT MILLER</persName> </hi>. I am an engineer, carrying on business at 44, Lancaster Street, Borough Road-about 6.30 p.m. on Monday, 9th April, I saw the prisoner at my place of business—he said he wanted a piece of pipe with the ends stopped up with two plates, and a bolt passing through it—the pipe was to be about six to, eight inches—I asked who sent him to me—he said, "Mr. Cohen, Blackfriars Road, sent me to you. I have bought a piece of pipe, but he cannot do the fitting"—I said, "Oh, yes; come in"—he came into the office first, and explained that he had bought a piece of pipe of Cohen, and he wanted a piece cut out of it, and these plates put on, but it must; not be expensive—I took him round to the shop—I picked up a piece of old pipe about three inches diameter from the scrap box, and also an old socket—the-pipe had a screw at one end, and I screwed, the socket on to the screw part of the pipe—I said, "If I stop these ends up, is that what you want?"—he said "That is just what I want, How much will it be?"—I said, "Five shillings"—he said "Very well" then went together back to the office—I said, "You had a better let me have 2s. or 3s.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300034"/>
<p>deposit"—he gave me 3s., and I gave him this receipt, "Received of Mr. Carnot 3s., on account of work. Robert Miller, April 9th, 1894"—when I was writing it I said, "Mr.—," waiting for the name, and he gave me the name of Carnot—immediately after I wrote the name I asked him his address, and he said, "2, Garnault Place, Clerken-well"—I wrote down the name and address—he left then, making no arrangement as to when he would call again—I executed the order he had given me, and made this machine by stopping up the two ends as I had suggested—I simply welded up the end of the socket and the end of the pipe—the prisoner never called for it—I kept it till I handed it over to Maguire on the following Monday—from my knowledge of the trade I know of no lawful purpose for which such a machine could be required.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had formed no opinion as to the purpose for which it was required—I did not suppose it to be a bomb until after the police called.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-154" type="surname" value="PRETLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-154" type="given" value="HERBERT ALFRED"/>HERBERT ALFRED PRETLOCK</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant at Mr. Taylor's Drug Company, 66 and 67, High Holborn—on Tuesday, 10th April, the prisoner came there, and asked the price of sulphuric acid—I quoted it at sixpence a pound—he gave an order for two pounds, and I gave him that quantity in a bottle—he paid me a shilling, and twopence for the bottle, which would hold about a pint—it was full—the prisoner took it away—on 17th April Quinn showed me a bottle which I was able to identify as that which I had sold to the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-155" type="surname" value="RIVA"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-155" type="given" value="FRANCESCO"/>FRANCESCO RIVA</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Phoenix Place, Clerkenwell—up to 16th April I was in business at 33, Warner Street, Clerkenwell, as a dealer in Italian provisions—the prisoner was in my employment as traveller and assistant from the middle of February—he slept on the premises, in the second floor front room—about two weeks after he came into the em
<lb/>ployment he brought this trunk there on a barrow—the trunk was put in the parlour on the ground floor, and afterwards in my room on the first floor—he asked me to let him put it there, because, he said, there were several other lodgers, and it was too heavy to take up on the second floor—he showed me when he brought it everything that was in it—he kept the key of it—he could go to it while he was in my house—on the Satur
<lb/>day, 14th April, the day of his arrest, he went out about five p.m.—before he went out he asked me for some money, saying he wanted to pay his contribution to the Italian Operative Society—I gave him 5s.—on the same day I was present when the police came to my premises and ex
<lb/>amined the trunk, and I saw them find in it the bottle of acid and the two packets of powder—those things were not in the trunk when he showed me the contents on bringing it in—I also saw them find in the trunk this manuscript book—I had previously seen that book in the prisoner's pos
<lb/>session—I know his writing—to the best of my belief the whole of the writing in the book is his—this document (
<hi rend="italic">the recipe for making the powder</hi>) appears to me to be in the same writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen him writing very often—I knew the prisoner about ten months before he entered my employment—Farnara used to come into the shop nearly every morning to buy the Republican newspaper
<hi rend="italic">Secolo</hi>, which is published in Milan—I never saw the prisoner writing in this manuscript book—I saw him copying newspapers and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300035"/>
<p>books—he used to copy what he fancied; he was very fond of copying—it did not matter much what he copied—I saw him copying a novel, "La Data Fatale," which belonged to another lodger who Lived in the same room as the prisoner—the prisoner copied pretty much anything that took his fancy—before he started the
<hi rend="italic">Anarchy</hi>, the last few weeks, he had a box of water-colours, and he always was painting English and Italian flags across, and he used to write on the top where the English flag was "God Save the Queen," and on the bottom "God bless the King of Italy"—I have not seen, any letters that he wrote—he is very illiterate; he was never at any school—he learnt something in London—from my knowledge of his amount of literary skill I do not think lie could have written this manuscript book—he could copy, but not compose it—a portion of it is copied from "La Data Fatale"—there is a date to that book "16," which he changed to "19"; it is very much like it—I heard him speak of the Anarchists once or twice, once the last week before he was arrested—that was after he had the Anarchist newspaper,
<hi rend="italic">Il Grado dela Oppressi</hi> (The cry of the oppressed), the last week, or a week or two before his arrest—I did not see any newspaper at the Police-court—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the one I saw him with; he had two, and this is the one he had after
<lb/>wards—I remember the engraving—the other was of a red colour, but the same title I saw in the shop—there was no picture on the red one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I saw the prisoner with this paper in his hand; that was after he had the red paper, after Easter—I did not read it when he showed it to me, I only looked at the engraving; I did not see the con
<lb/>tents—I think he had not the education to compose, but, only sufficient education to copy from other documents—I see in this manuscript book "The opinion of a young man of eighteen years of age"—I think the prisoner is nearly nineteen now—I see the same expression further on—I also find here in Italian, "Dear companions, I am young, but from what I know we must take example from the young, and not from the old such examples as Pallas, Salvador, Vaillant, Emile Henri, etc., so that it may go a little better. Don't let the vale bourgeoisie live any longer. This young man was born on the shores of the Lake of Como, on 2nd December, 1875, son of one of the most respected families residing in the Commune of Vernana, in the District of Gravedonna, in the Province of Como"—the prisoner comes from the neighbourhood of Como—"on the 16th May he came to London because his parents were so ignorant, and attached to religion, so he had to leave his native country. He had always been a young man of good conduct, capable of serving generally in alt trades, professions; callings. On 16th March, 1893, he was engaged to one of the most beautiful young ladies in London, whose name was Maria Anna Elizabeth Margaret Leach"—he married Miss Leach last year—"and on 30th October in the same year she gave birth to two boys, who died, and she is still ill"—that was the fact—"She is still ill this day, March 31s. 1894 Thus, dear friends, I tell you, and all of you to act according to your ideas, and all of us, women and men, must join in action in order to revenge all, and obtain liberty"—that is fairly correctly translated—I see further on, "Down with the bourgeoisie, down with time proletarians. Vaillant is dead, but F. A. P. is learning to revenge him. Already one has commenced to revenge him; he died for liberty; so much for Paris.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300036"/>
<p>No, we will go to London and begin there"—I don't know what "F. A. P." means; the prisoner's initials are "F. J. P.," Francesco Johanni Polti—the initials on the prisoner's box are "F. A. P"—I see a little further on in the book: "My dear companions, my heart throbs at hearing that our companion was arrested the other day by that vile infamous thief Melville. What we have to do is to threaten him with action, that villain who has made so many arrests. The fault is not entirely hid own; it is also that of the great villains of the Republic. Dear companions, recently I sent a letter to the villain Melville, informing him that I would attempt his life during the month of April for having arrested one of our companions, Meunier; and I also sent a letter to the Queen at Florence to let her know how poor working men were treated in this country; that they were treated like slaves, and not like working men. Melville has also become rich through the many spies, and now he acts as a proletarian and a go-between for the bourgeoisie. The time for action and revenge has now arrived, also for liberty"—that letter, commencing "Dear companions," is signed "Yours, F. A. P."—before that signature is: "I want to do something to revenge myself, and then I will gladly die. I cannot live any longer to see this infamous bourgeoisie. I have seen enough of them in these eighteen years, and now I am tired to live under the proletarians. I will die to avenge myself, and leave my dear companions to avenge me with the most terrible bombs and daggers against these villains and traitors against the poor working men"—after that there is this: "My dear parents, it must grieve you as well to hear of my end. I am at last tired of living to see so many barbarities committed by the bourgeoisie. I am tired to race all these iniquities, and now I finally will avenge myself I must die in the flower of my youth, it is true, but I will avenge myself the cause of my death. All my companions will avenge me by deeds, and all of you, my dear parents and relations, who witness how much I have suffered for the cause, I hope you will lend a helping hand to assist my dear companions: that is to say, that you will give your bodies to Anarchy, and threaten the bour
<lb/>geoisie, which was the cause of my death. When you receive this book I shall be dead, but I shall leave my companions behind to avenge me, and their vengeance will be terrible. For this reason I must leave all of you who are so dear to me, and whom I and my wife desired so much to see before dying, and yet I must die without even seeing my dear mother, without seeing my dear brothers, whom I loved so much, and not even my dear sisters, nephews, and brothers and sisters-in-law. I die, but I leave you to avenge me. I must really conclude with last kisses to all my dear relations, and the last cry, 'Down with the bourgeoisie, long live Anarchy.' I am always your faithful son, F. A. P., London, 16th May, 1894. The date 'the sixteenth' has always been fatal to me. I left my native country on the 16th May, 1889. I became engaged to my wife on the 16th March, 1893. I married on the 16th July, 1893, and I took my wife to the infirmary on the 16th. December, 1893. I was taken ill on the 16th April, 1890, and I have calculated to die on the 16th May, the same day on which I left my native country."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross
<lb/>examined.</hi> The prisoner has a mother only—that last letter can not have been intended to be addressed to his parents, seeing that he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300037"/>
<p>has only one—what is said in the book about the 16th is very like the novel, "La Data Fatale."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-156" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-156" type="surname" value="PIAZZI"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-156" type="given" value="CESARI"/>CESARI PIAZZI</persName> </hi>. I am an Italian from the district of Lake Como—I am a waiter at 335, Strand—I have known the prisoner over three years in London—he comes from the same district, Lake Como—in Easter week this year I went to 33, Warner Street, and saw the prisoner in his room—he showed me a red newspaper; I do not know what it was called—I read a little of it; the prisoner did not call my attention to it; it was printed in Italian, and published in New York, and it said about Valliant's execu
<lb/>tion in Paris—I did not read any more—the prisoner was talking about Anarchy—he showed me two big sheets of paper, and read them to me—he said he wrote it; it was just the same as I had read in the newspaper—he seemed to have copied it out of the newspaper; it was about the death of Vaillant—he told me nothing about himself; I took no notice of what he said—he said the Anarchists were very near done on the Continent, and they would come and start in London very soon—he did not say with what they would start in London, I am sure; I did not ask him—he did not describe himself to me in any way at that time—I have given you the best of my memory on that point; I have said so far as I know all that was said—I was examined at Bow Street on 27th April, last week—this is my signature to the deposition—it was read out in the Court before I signed it, and I heard it—the prisoner did not say with what they would start in London—I never mud to the contrary; if I did, that was my thought. (
<hi rend="italic">An interpreter was sworn to translate the questions put to, and the answers of, the witness</hi>)—I did say at Bow Street that the prisoner told me they were going to Start in London soon with bombs, but it was really not the prisoner who told me so; I simply thought so, by the way they were acting—I also said at Bow Street that the prisoner had told me he was an Anarchist; he did not tell me that—I have not been threatened by anybody in this case since I gave evidence—I only complained to Inspector Quinn in a kind of joke, as I read so many of these cases—I told him I had been threatened, only in a joke—that was after I gave evidence at the Police-court—I don't remember that I said the Italians had threatened me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am nineteen—I do not remember the name of the red newspaper—there was an article in it about Vaillant—what I read in it about Vaillant was the same as this which appears in the prisoner's book—I don't remember anything about South Carolina. (
<hi rend="italic">This passage from the book was read</hi>: "Now we will go to London and begin there, Within the last few days I received letters from South Carolina, which' state that the Government was obliged to run away on account of its liquor trade policy, and that twenty-one policemen were killed")—I don't know whether the prisoner told me he was an Anarchist as a joke or seriously—I formed no judgment of whether he was an Anarchist. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE HAWKINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">read the following passage from the book</hi>: "At one time Great Britain could be called the most free country, but now it has commenced persecutions and seizures—and why I On account of France! Bull tell you, that all their persecutions and seizures will lead to their discomfiture Down with the bourgeois! down with the proletarians! Vaillant is dead but F. A. P. is learning to revenge him. He left a society to revenge</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300038"/>
<p>im. Already one has commenced to revenge him. He died for liberty. So much for Paris. Now we will go to London, and begin there.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-157" type="surname" value="LEACH"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-157" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD LEACH</persName> </hi>. I am a bricklayer—the prisoner married my daughter on 16th July last; this is the marriage certificate—her full name was Maria Anna Elizabeth Margaret Leach—about six months ago she was taken ill, and went to the Highgate Infirmary in December last—after that the prisoner came to stay at my lodgings for several nights—he brought two boxes with him; this (
<hi rend="italic">the box identified by Riva</hi>) was one of them—he took that away from my house some weeks ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner slept with me for several nights at my address, 55, Gray Street, Blackfriars Road; occasionally that was his address—his letters were only addressed there occasionally, but if they were addressed there they would reach him—I was given to understand that my daughter bought the trunk; I don't know where it was got—I could not tell you if any letters were on it before it was purchased—I never heard the prisoner speak of Anarchy, or say he was an Anarchist, or speak in a disordered way—no suspicion of the kind ever entered my mind.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-158" type="surname" value="SWEENEY"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-158" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SWEENEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant, Scotland Yard</hi>). About 5.30 p.m. on 14th April I was outside and near Mr. Cohen's shop, 240, Blackfriars Road, in consequence of instructions I received—about 5.30 I saw the prisoner, who rang the bell there—the door was opened by a woman—he left, and returned in about ten minutes and rang the bell a second time and the door was opened, and he entered, and remained about ten minutes inside, and then came out, carrying a brown paper parcel partially hidden under his coat—in company with Maguire and other officers, I followed him, and saw him get on to an omnibus in the Blackfriars Road; he rode to Farringdon Road, I and three other officers getting on to the omnibus at the same time as he did—we went on to the Farringdon Road, and I saw him alight from the omnibus there, and we all alighted—he walked in the direction of Ray Street; I was following with the other officers—in Ray Street he looked back two or three times; we were close by him, within a few yards—looking very suspiciously, he stopped suddenly, looked into a window and took the brown paper parcel from under his coat—then he turned his back to the window, holding the parcel between his hands as if to throw it away—I and Maguire caught hold of him, and I said, "We are police officers; I want to know what you have in that parcel"—he said, "It is iron; it is a boiler; I will show you where I bought it. I am honest, I am not a thief"—I said, "I am not satisfied with your explana
<lb/>tion; you will have to come with me to the station"—I called a cab, and got in with the other officers, and took the prisoner to New Scotland Yard—on our way in the cab the prisoner said, "This is not for myself, although I paid the money for it. It is for a friend abroad. I met a man in the street who went with me when I ordered it at Mr. Cohen's shop in Blackfriars Road. He was an Italian, and could speak French, but no English. I don't know his name, nor where be lives"—at Scotland Yard the brown paper parcel which the prisoner had been carrying was examined, and found to contain the larger of these two bombs. (
<hi rend="italic">This was the one identified by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SMITH</hi>)—I searched the prisoner, and on him found four keys, which I gave to Inspector Quinn, and a number of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300039"/>
<p>documents, amongst them this recipe in Italian, and this memorandum book—in that book I found this entry: "9th April, 1894, Carnot, 3s., Miller" and underneath, "Cohen, 7s. 6d, paid 5s."—upon the other side is an entry in Italian—I also found these two receipts on him from Cohen and Miller for 7s. 6d. and 3s.—when I found the 3s. receipt the prisoner said, "That refers to another one that I ordered at Mr. Norm's, near Waterloo Road; it is not yet finished. I gave the name of Carnot when I ordered it; Carnot is the man who went with me to order this one at Mr. Cohen's shop. I first met him in Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square, about three months ago. I was going to send this to my brother in the North of Italy as a present; he sends me presents. I reside at 55, Gray Street, Waterloo Road, and if you go there you won't find anything but that I am respectable"—he indicated it wm this boiler he was going to send to his brother as a present—when I opened the parcel at the station I found this little piece of socket in it—the prisoner said, "Mr. Cohen's foreman threw that in as if to make weight"—the prisoner was taken to King's Cross Road Police-station, and afterwards to Bow Street—I went to Warner Street, and searched this box, pointed out by Mr. Riva, and found in it a two pound bottle of sulphuric acid, a packet of white powder, and a packet of yellow powder, this black manuscript book, and this printed report on Alfred Nobel's dynamite—it then contained this pencil sketch, which the bomb somewhat resembles, and the pencil memoranda at the side of the sketch—those things were brought to Bow Street—the prisoner was charged there with having cer
<lb/>tain explosives in his possession, and under his control—when the charge was read to him he said, "I wish to say this does not belong to me"—(
<hi rend="italic">Referring to the larger of the two machines</hi>)—"I was sent for it by Emile Carnot. The chlorate and all the other things were mixed by him, and he sent me for the sulphuric acid. I paid one shilling for it. All that I wish to say is that I knew him three weeks, and that he came from Paris a year ago."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I never lost sight of the prisoner from the time he left 240, Blackfriars Road until I arrested him—he could not very well have made away with this object during that time—he had it partially hidden under his coat—I could not see exactly how he held it when he was on the omnibus; I was two or three seats behind him—he gave the address 55, Gray Street, Waterloo Road, the address of his father-in-law.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-159" type="surname" value="MAGUIRE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-159" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MAGUIRE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant New Scotland Yard</hi>). I was with Sweeney when the prisoner was arrested on 14th April—I got on to the omnibus on which the prisoner got, and sat on the seat immediately behind him—crossing over Blackfriars Bridge he put the brown paper parcel he was carrying on his knees and opened the brown paper; inside was a piece of newspaper, which he took out and threw over into the roadway—he opened the machine partly, and worked it round and round in that way; then he closed up the parcel again—I afterwards seized him in Ray Street almost at the same moment as Sweeney—after the prisoner was at New Scotland Yard, he said, "I was going to send it by parcels post to my brother; he lives a long way from the town, where it is difficult to have these things made"—I was with Riley, Walsh and Sweeney outside 240, Blackfriars Road that afternoon when the prisoner went in—about that time I saw Farnara exactly opposite 240, on the side I was on; he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300040"/>
<p>went past, going from the Elephant towards Blackfriars Bridge—he passed within a yard of me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was on the garden seat on the omnibus immediately behind the prisoner; he was alone on the seat he was on—he attempted to conceal the parcel when he was carrying it—he did not try to conceal it on the omnibus, when he had it on his knees.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-160" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-160" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CANN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector E</hi>). I was in charge of Bow Street Police
<lb/>station on the night of 15th April—in consequence of a communication from the goaler, I went to the cell where the prisoner was confined—I said, "Do you want to see me?"—he said, "Yes, I want to make a statement; I am innocent of this charge"—I said, "I am not the inspector in charge of the case"—he said, "That does not matter, I will make my statement in writing"—he then made a statement in English, which is in writing, and which he signed in my presence—after he had written it, he said, "Do not tell Piedmonte what I have done, or he will kill me"—I said, "All right." (
<hi rend="italic">The statement was read as follows</hi>: "I now give this in
<lb/>formation concerning this machine. About three weeks ago I went down to Mr. Cohen's, in Blackfriars Road, as interpreter to M. Carnot, Emile, better known as Piedmonte, now doing some work at No. 2, Berry Street, Blackfriars, lodging at Back Hill, Clerkenwell, to order a machine for him, and when we came back he sent to get a bottle of sulphuric acid, and he gave me a packet of powder to take care of for him till he wanted it back, and then sent me down to Mr. Miller, to order another one for him, and he gave me 3s. to deposit for him; and on Saturday, 14th April, he sent me down to get the machine, and on my way back to him I met the police officers in plain clothes, and they arrested me on suspicion of being an Anarchist. What I wish to say is I am not an Anarchist. I hate them, because they are too dangerous for me. The time to find him at his lodgings is about ten or 10.30 at night, and at his work between ten a.m. and eight p.m.; and if you wish to go there you will have to ask for Piedmonte, because he is not known by his name he goes by. The lodging at Back Hill is about five doors from Clerkenwell Road, next door to a barber's shop, and the one in Blackfriars is on the second turning going down by Blackfriars Bridge.—I am,
<hi rend="smallCaps">F. POLTI</hi>.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-161" type="surname" value="QUINN"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-161" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK QUINN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector Scotland Yard</hi>). I saw the prisoner at Cohen's premises on Friday, 13th April, in conversation with Mr. Smith—I was on the premises—I followed him from there to 33, Warner Street, with the other officers; that was how we ascertained his address—next day I was at Scotland Yard when he was brought in in custody—I had a conversation with him; Sweeney made a note of it and has given it in evidence; I asked him to explain his possession of this iron shell—I found upon him this document, which purports to be a recipe for making porridge,
<hi rend="italic">polenta</hi>—I said, "Can you explain what is written on this paper?"—he said, "It is for making polenta, or pudding"—I after
<lb/>wards went to 33, Warner Street, and opened the box, and found in it the two packets of powder, and the bottle of acid, which I subsequently handed to Dr. Dupre—I showed the bottle of acid to Pretlock—on that night, at King's Cross Road Police-station, I said to the prisoner, "Polti, Mr. Riva was pointed out a trunk at his house, which he says belongs to you, and in that trunk I have found this</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300041"/>
<p>bottle of acid, and these two packets of powder"—he said, "Yes, Mr. Riva does not know anything of the bottle or chlorates"—on the night of 15th April, in consequence of a communication, I went to Bow Street, and saw the written statement which the prisoner had made to Cann—I said to the prisoner, "I understand, Polti, you want to see me about this state
<lb/>ment you have made?"—he said, "Yes; I want you to find Carnot; he lives at the first house pant the barber's shop in Back Hill, from Clerken-well Row"—he afterwards corrected that, and said "the second house past the barber's shop"—I made inquiries to try and find the other man at that place; I could not succeed; but on 22nd April, I traced Farnara, and arrested him at 1.30 a.m.—I found on him this card. (
<hi rend="italic">This was Polti's card, similar to the one handed to Mr. Smith</hi>)—I also found on him this newspaper.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE HAWKINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that the card and newpaper were not evidence against the prisoner, and could not be put in.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found no trace of Farnara at the address near the barber's shop—the result of my inquiries was that he had never been there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-162" type="surname" value="STEINER"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-162" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH STEINER</persName> </hi>. I am an interpreter, familiar with the Italian and English languages—I and M. Albert made this translation from Italian into English of the contents of the black manuscript book—it is correct to the best of my skill and knowledge—I have also had before me the newspaper,
<hi rend="italic">n Grado dela Oppressi</hi>—I have translated this recipe, found on Polti on his arrest—the last words are, "For the polenta"—as well as I can make out it runs, "To make the B take" (
<hi rend="italic">giving the names and quanti
<lb/>ties of the ingredients</hi>)" and then the box for putting them all in, together with the bullets of lead. Then take a bottle empty, of our make, and in order to draw it out see it is well turned. Fill and close it up, then carry it in the pocket. When one wants to throw it away, take up the empty and make it full, and now close it, and then throw it away and escape"—that is apparently written in the dialect of Como, the district between Como and Milan—I have compared the writing beside the pencil sketch with that in the manuscript and that of the recipe—so far as I can make out they are the same—there are the same initial letters.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Practically I made the translation; I am responsible for it; I did not actually write it—the grammar and spelling in the manuscript book were decidedly defective—I should say it is written by a man more or less illiterate—in the translation of the recipe I have queried "our," in "of
<hi rend="italic">our</hi> make"—the word in the original was
<hi rend="italic">nost</hi>, which can only be a shortening of
<hi rend="italic">nostro</hi>, which would mean
<hi rend="italic">our; nost</hi> would be the dialect.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-163" type="surname" value="DUPRE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-163" type="given" value="AUGUSTE"/>AUGUSTE DUPRE</persName> </hi>. I am a professor of chemistry, and chemical advise, to the Explosives department of the Home Office—on 19th April I received from Inspector Quinn a bottle labelled "sulphuric acid"—I ex
<lb/>amined it, and found it contained a little over two pounds of concentrated sulphuric acid—at the same time I received from Quinn a packet con
<lb/>taining about two ounces of a white powder, which I discovered on examination to be chlorate of potassium, and a picket of yellow powder, which I examined, and as to the ingredients of which I formed a con
<lb/>clusion; chlorate of potassium was one of its ingredients—I examined</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300042"/>
<p>the recipe for polenta—the contents of the yellow powder corresponded with the ingredients upon the recipe both as to description and quantity as closely as I should have expected an unskilled person to do it—it had evidently been mixed by a person unskilled in mixing—the yellow powder is in very powerful explosive, of considerably greater power than gun
<lb/>powder—it could be ignited by means of the sulphuric acid from this bottle—it is very sensitive to explosion by percussion and friction—there were 14 1-5th ounces of the yellow powder—when loose it occupied a space of eighteen ounces—the smaller of these machines would have held it with a little compression; the larger one would have held it easily—I don't think that so much compression would be dangerous; it could be done with the hand—the powder, placed in either of those machines, would have formed a very powerful bomb, which would be particularly dangerous to persons about; it would not do much destruction to buildings—it would be injurious to property under certain conditions; it would depend on the kind of property and the kind of building—the powder is so sensitive to friction that it would be dangerous to any person screwing the machine together if it did not work smoothly, and therefore it was necessary for the machine to move easily—there would be danger to the person using it—in my experience I know of no lawful purpose for which these machines and the powder could be used.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Concentrated sulphuric acid is easily to be got—it is sold in druggists' shops; I don't think that ordinary chemists would sell it—I do not think that the manner in which the powder was mixed by an unskilful person would make it more dangerous to the person attempt
<lb/>ing to use it; on the contrary, I think it would perhaps make it rather safer—undoubtedly it had been mixed by an unskilful person—this sulphuric acid bottle would not go inside the machine; it was never intended to go inside—the bottle should have a glass stopper, but this cork would he put in by the druggist—the cork would be destroyed in a certain length of time; it has been already partially destroyed—if this machine with the powder in it were exploded in a picture gallery it might do an immense amount of damage; if it were put against a small building it might blow it down—if it were put against a big building it might do no harm.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-164" type="surname" value="MAJENDIE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-164" type="given" value="COLONEL VIVIAN DEARING"/>COLONEL VIVIAN DEARING MAJENDIE</persName> </hi>. I am Chief Inspector of Explo
<lb/>sives to the Government—I have heard the evidence given by Dr. Dupre, and, speaking generally, I agree with the evidence he has given—the yellow powder spoken of is an explosive of a highly dangerous character, and is highly sensitive to percussion and friction, and might be exploded by the application of sulphuric acid—I have examined the machines; either of them would contain the quantity of yellow powder found—there is more than one way in which the bomb with the powder inside it might be exploded—such an explosion would be most disastrous to human beings if a number were in the neighbourhood; as regards property, it would, as Dr. Dupre explained, have been conditional upon the character of the property and the position the bomb occupied with regard to it—the weight of the larger bomb, empty, is rather over 10 lbs.—I have seen the
<hi rend="italic">polenta</hi> recipe—many infernal machines have been fitted with bullets of lead—it is within my experience that bottles of a special make are</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300043"/>
<p>sometimes placed inside these infernal machines, and such bottles are of special construction; in fact, it is almost indispensable for that mode of ignition that they should be of a special construction—it is not an authorised operation in this country—my attention has been called to a pencil sketch in the printed report on dynamite—the sketch, with the description at the side, is a very fair re
<lb/>presentation of the large bomb, incomplete, but fair so far as it goes; it does not go into details—at the side of the sketch are some details of certain dimensions in English, and they correspond on the whole, as far as I can understand them, very accurately with the dimensions of the larger bomb.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> So far as I know, there was no bottle suitable for placing in the bomb among the articles which have been discovered and submitted to me—I have not seen one—there is no means of producing an explosion, unless a bottle is provided.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-165" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-165" type="surname" value="MALONE"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-165" type="given" value="SEBERTHAM"/>SEBERTHAM MALONE</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">restaurant-keeper</hi>, 19,
<hi rend="italic">Finsbury Pavement, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS DICKENS</hi>, 102,
<hi rend="italic">Crawford Street, Marylebone, deposed to the good character of Polti, for honesty and respectability since he came to this country in July last.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-434-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-434-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-434-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Sentence on</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FARNARA</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-434-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-434-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-434-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-434-18940430 t18940430-434-punishment-37"/>Twenty Years' Penal Servitude. On</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">POLTI</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-434-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-434-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-434-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-434-18940430 t18940430-434-punishment-38"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">highly commended the conduct of the witness Thomas Smith, and also that of Inspector Melville, Sergeant Quinn, and Constables Sweeney, Maguire, and Cann. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAND JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">had also made a similar com
<lb/>mendation.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18940430-435" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-435" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-435-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-435-18940430 t18940430-435-offence-1 t18940430-435-verdict-1"/>
<p>435.
<persName id="def1-435-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-435-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-435-18940430" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-435-18940430" type="surname" value="WYATT"/>
<interp inst="def1-435-18940430" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST WYATT</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-435-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-435-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-435-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Feloniously carnally knowing
<persName id="t18940430-name-167" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-167" type="age" value="5"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-167" type="surname" value="WYATT"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-167" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-435-offence-1 t18940430-name-167"/>Annie Wyatt</persName>, aged five years.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-435-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-435-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-435-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>GUILTY of an indecent assault.—</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-435-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-435-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-435-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-435-18940430 t18940430-435-punishment-39"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday and Thursday, May</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd and</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18940430-436" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-436" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-436-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-436-18940430 t18940430-436-offence-1 t18940430-436-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-436-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-436-18940430 t18940430-436-offence-1 t18940430-436-verdict-1"/>
<p>436.
<persName id="def1-436-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-436-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-436-18940430" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-436-18940430" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-436-18940430" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR HARRIS</hi> (17)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-436-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-436-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-436-18940430" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-436-18940430" type="surname" value="BOWMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-436-18940430" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED BOWMAN</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-436-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-436-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-436-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-436-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-436-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-436-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940430-name-170" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-170" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-170" type="surname" value="NAISH"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-170" type="given" value="ELIZA MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-436-offence-1 t18940430-name-170"/>Eliza Mary Naish</persName>, and stealing sixty-eight cigars and other articles, and 7 1/2 d.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-436-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-436-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-436-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-436-18940430 t18940430-436-punishment-40"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BOWMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">received a good 'character', and a witness engaged to employ him.—
<rs id="t18940430-436-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-436-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-436-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-436-18940430 t18940430-436-punishment-41"/>Discharged on recog
<lb/>nizances.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-437">
<interp inst="t18940430-437" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-437" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-437-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-437-18940430 t18940430-437-offence-1 t18940430-437-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-437-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-437-18940430 t18940430-437-offence-1 t18940430-437-verdict-1"/>
<p>437.
<persName id="def1-437-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-437-18940430" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-437-18940430" type="surname" value="BURTLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-437-18940430" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH BURTLES</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-437-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-437-18940430" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-437-18940430" type="surname" value="FIELDING"/>
<interp inst="def2-437-18940430" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CATHERINE FIELDING</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18940430-437-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-437-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-437-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing two umbrellas, the property of the
<persName id="t18940430-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-173" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-437-offence-1 t18940430-name-173"/>Civil Service Co-operative Association</persName>; Burtles having been convicted at Clerkenwell on May 23rd, 1893, and Fielder on May 9th, 1892. </rs>
<rs id="t18940430-437-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-437-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-437-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURTLES</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-437-punishment-42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-437-punishment-42" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-437-punishment-42" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-437-18940430 t18940430-437-punishment-42"/>Ten Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FIELDING</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-437-punishment-43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-437-punishment-43" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-437-punishment-43" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-437-18940430 t18940430-437-punishment-43"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-438">
<interp inst="t18940430-438" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-438" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-438-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-438-18940430 t18940430-438-offence-1 t18940430-438-verdict-1"/>
<p>438.
<persName id="def1-438-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-438-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-438-18940430" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-438-18940430" type="surname" value="WARDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-438-18940430" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL WARDEN</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-438-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-438-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-438-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18940430-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-175" type="surname" value="CANNON"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-175" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940430-438-offence-1 t18940430-name-175"/>Edward Cannon</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ST. AUBYN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-176" type="surname" value="CANNON"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-176" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD CANNON</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 10, Red Lion Market, St. Luke's—on Sunday morning, March 11th, I was in Central Street talking to the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189404300044"/>
<p>prisoner—he said that I had told tales about him—I said I had not—two or three
<hi rend="italic">chaps</hi> were present—I cannot say whether I struck him or not; if I did it was with my hand; I never carry a knife—he struck me with a knife, and I went to the hospital and had the wound dressed—he was not taken in custody till four or five days afterwards, as my face seemed to get worse, and I thought I might get into trouble with the other
<hi rend="italic">chaps</hi> if I gave him in charge—I was very drunk—I may have struck him first—Jeremiah Griffin was there—I had pushed the prisoner off a seat at the theatre on Friday night—I did not knock him down and kick him before he touched me, though Griffin says that I did—I might have hit him in the face and knocked him down—he did not say, "I am only a boy and you are a man, I cannot fight you with my hands"—as soon as I struck him he got up and stabbed me—I did knock him down, but I never drew a knife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I may have struck you, but I never kicked you—I did not give you in custody before because I was afraid—I did not tell your mother when you were remanded that I was not coming up against you, but I did not come up because they asked me to keep away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-177" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-177" type="given" value="WILLIAM BLACK"/>WILLIAM BLACK JONES</persName> </hi>. I am late house surgeon at St. Bartholomew's Hospital—on March 11th I examined Cannon—he had an incised wound on his cheek in a very dangerous situation; if it had been half an inch lower down it would have been exceedingly dangerous—it might have been done by a knife—he got well in a few days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-178" type="surname" value="SMALL"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-178" type="given" value="GILBERT"/>GILBERT SMALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective G</hi>). On March 16th, about 9.30, I went to the prisoner's house and found him in bed—I said I should take him for stabbing a man—he said, "I don't know about stabbing if I had not done it he would have done it to me."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-179" type="surname" value="SELBY"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-179" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER SELBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). I took the prisoner to the station—he said, "On Sunday morning me and Cannon had a row; he struck me on the face and knocked me down, and I got up; he had got his
<hi rend="italic">chiv</hi> out, if I had not done it to him, he would have done it to me"—at the station he said, "I borrowed the knife of a man, and after I had done it, I gave it back to him."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940430-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-180" type="surname" value="GRIFFIN"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-180" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>JEREMIAH GRIFFIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Called for the prisoner at the Police court</hi>). I am a news vendor—between twelve and 12.30 I washy a public-house, and the prisoner and prosecutor had a quarrel—they had had a row two nights before at the theatre—I was there—Cannon pushed the prisoner off a seat—coming up Old Street, Cannon knocked him down and kicked him twice—the prisoner said, "You are a skilled man to me; come and fight me," and they both drew their knives—I saw them go together, but I did not nee the blow struck—I am certain Cannon had a knife in his hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence.</hi> He should not have struck me first; I tried to punch him, but what was the good of my trying to fight a man like that?.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940430-438-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-438-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-438-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>GUILTY
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding. Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at Woolwich on 21st November</hi>, 1892.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940430-438-punishment-44" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-438-punishment-44" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-438-punishment-44" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-438-18940430 t18940430-438-punishment-44"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940430-493">
<interp inst="t18940430-493" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940430"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-493" type="date" value="18940430"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940430-493-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-493-18940430 t18940430-493-offence-1 t18940430-493-verdict-1"/>
<p>493.
<persName id="def1-493-18940430" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-493-18940430" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-493-18940430" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-493-18940430" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-493-18940430" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES COLEMAN</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18940430-493-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940430-493-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-493-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940430-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940430-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-182" type="surname" value="BERKELEY"/>
<interp inst="t18940430-name-182" type="given" value="MAURICE HENRY"/>
<join