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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>TYLER, MAYOR.</p>
<p>THIRD SESSION, HELD JANUARY 8TH, 1894.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>ALEXANDER BUCKLER,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS AND SONS, LIMITED, 119, CHANCERY LANE,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>AND CASES COMMITTED UNDER THE WINTER ASSIZE ACT AND ORDERS IN COUNCIL,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, February 8th, 1894, and following days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-1" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-1" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-2" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-2" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-3" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-3" type="given" value="HENRY EDMUND"/>HENRY EDMUND KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, Knt., Alderman of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-4" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-4" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, Q.C., M.P., K.C.M.G., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-5" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-5" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HART</persName> </hi>, Esq., Lieut.-Col.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-6" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-6" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-7" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-7" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK GREEN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-8" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-8" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<persName id="t18940108-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-9" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-9" type="given" value="JNO"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J NO. POUND</hi> </persName>, Esq., and
<persName id="t18940108-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-10" type="surname" value="TRELOAR"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-10" type="given" value="WILLIAM PURDIE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi> </persName>, Esq., Alderman of the said City; and Sir
<persName id="t18940108-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-11" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-11" type="given" value="FORREST"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi> </persName>, Knt., Q.C., Common Serjeant General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18940108-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-12" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-12" type="given" value="JOHN VOCE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN VOCE MOORE</hi> </persName>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18940108-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-13" type="surname" value="DIMSDALE"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-13" type="given" value="JOSEPH COCKFIELD"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH COCKFIELD DIMSDALE</hi> </persName>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-14" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-14" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18940108-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-15" type="surname" value="HALSE"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-15" type="given" value="CLARENCE"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLARENCE R. HALSE</hi> </persName>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TYLER, MAYOR. THIRD SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th, and</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p>147.
<persName id="def1-147-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-147-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-147-18940108" type="surname" value="BEEMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-147-18940108" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC BEEMAN</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18940108-147-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-147-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-147-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/> for unlawfully mutilating certain books in anticipation of proceedings in bankruptcy.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CHAS. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MALONEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. DICKENS</hi>, Q. C.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COOPER WILLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-17" type="surname" value="BROCKLESBY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-17" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT BROCKLESBY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the central office on the Royal Courts of Justice—I produce the writ, the summons, and the judgment in the action of Osborn
<hi rend="italic">v.</hi> Beeman and Co. for £600 on a bill of exchange—the writ is dated 18th March, 1893—the summons is under Order 14, issued on the date of the hearing, and returnable on 29th March.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-18" type="surname" value="L'ENFANT"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-18" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES L'ENFANT</persName> </hi>. I am an officer of the London Bankruptcy Court—I produce a file of proceedings in the bankruptcy of Isaac Beeman—the petition was presented on 20th April, the receiving order on the 9th May, the adjudication was on 12th—the bankrupt was examined on 21st June, 5th July, and 2nd August—those examinations are on the file—the de
<lb/>ficiency on the state of affairs appears to be £11, 786 15s. 10d.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-19" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-19" type="given" value="CHARLES LEGGATT"/>CHARLES LEGGATT BARBER</persName> </hi>. I am a shorthand writer to the Bank
<lb/>ruptcy Court—I was present at the Bankruptcy Court on the three days of the prisoner's examination—I took notes of his evidence, and produce a transcript of my notes. (
<hi rend="italic">Portions of this transcript were read both by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DICKENS</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-20" type="surname" value="WILLINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-20" type="given" value="JOSEPH JOHN"/>JOSEPH JOHN WILLINGTON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Drewitt, a stationer in the Borough—we supplied this journal and this cash book to the prisoner; they are charged in our day book on March 24th, 1893—when we sold them there was a label inside the cover of each showing our name, the date when sold, and the stock number; those labels are not there now, but I can see an impression on the cover of each showing where the labels have been; I can read the impression of our name—the cash book was returned to us to be paged—the prisoner had dealt with us for many years—in May, 1884, this ledger was made to his order—these entries in our day book are in the writing of Francis Low; my employer—our account books are manufactured to stock numbers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080004"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We have supplied the prisoner with all his books for many years past—this book was made specially for him—it is endorsed "Merchants"—the label is here and anyone could at once see it came from us—I say it was purchased on 24th March, because it is entered to the prisoner's account in our day book on that date; so that I could tell apart from the label when it was made.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> These two books were old stock which had been on our shelves for twelve years, perhaps, and we had no other books like them in our place—the label is put on in order that the customer may quote the number, and we repeat the order—in referring back to the number we should get the date of the sale—both labels are removed, but the particulars remain—I noticed in this book when I sold it a small per
<lb/>foration—our labels are fixed in firmly with mucilage, and it wants some trouble to get them off.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-21" type="surname" value="WILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-21" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WILEY</persName> </hi>. In March, 1893, I was employed by the prisoner as warehouseman—the warehouse was at 204, Bermondsey Street, and the office at 44, Borough High Street—towards the end of March there was a change in the business, and I became servant to Mr. Isaac Beeman, junior, the prisoner's son—about 20th or 24th March, some days before the business was changed, I received instructions from Mr. Springett—after that a warehouseman, Franklin, brought a number of books to the warehouse, and in consequence of my instructions from Springett I burnt the books in the warehouse yard—they were business books connected with Isaac Beeman senior's business—I did not look inside any of the books and cannot tell what they were—I had been in the prisoner's service since 1872, for twenty-one years—this was the first occasion I had ever destroyed books.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was the course of business to have all filled-up books sent down to the warehouse—these were sent to the warehouse—I don't know if they were on the shelf of the office before that—Franklin, the second warehouseman, who brought part of the books down, would not know what books they were—they were tied up in a parcel when they were brought to me—I said to the Magistrate, "I saw the books sent down in March were full up"—that was a mistake, I did not look inside the books at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I should say I destroyed about seven books in all—I never had any orders to destroy any other books.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-22" type="surname" value="ASSHENDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-22" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ASSHENDEN</persName> </hi>. I am a hop grower, living at 29, High Street, Canterbury—the prisoner used to sell hops for me on commission—he had done so for some years—in October, 1892, I sent him samples—the bulk of thirty-nine pockets of hops were sent after the sale—I received this letter from him. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating an offer he had received</hi>)—I was unwilling to sell at the price he offered—I communicated with the prisoner, and I received this letter from him of October 20th, offering an improved price—I answered that, and received this letter of 24th. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that the market teas much quieter, and he thought the fast offer should be accepted</hi>)—that referred to the offer in the letter of the 20th—next morning I telegraphed to him—on 25th I received another letter from him, and then on the 28th I received this advice note. (
<hi rend="italic">This gave details of the price fetched by each pocket, charges for commission, &c., showing a total of £361 13s., less £17 19s. 6d. for charges and commission, and enclosing a cheque for</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080005"/>
<p>£343 14s. 6d.)—the name of the purchaser of my hops does not appear, and I did not know, and was never told to whom they were sold—I believed the, £343 14s. 6d. was the full price at which they had been sold—I did not know the prisoner was the buyer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I never asked who was the buyer—I have not dealt with other factors besides the prisoner; I have dealt with merchants directly—I have dealt with the prisoner for some years—I never take the samples up myself—I watch the market prices which are advertised in the daily papers day by day—I go to Canterbury Market occasionally, and know what the market price is there—hops go up and down very rapidly—I do not instruct my factor to sell at once when I think the market price is favourable; I have other business to attend to—I don't follow hop growing much myself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I leave my agent to do the best he can for me—I used to see the prisoner from time, to time—he has never told me he bought my hops himself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-23" type="surname" value="HANBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-23" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HANBURY</persName> </hi>. I am a hop merchant, and a member of the firm of Woodfield and Hanbury, of 25, Mark Lane, in the City—on 26th October I bought from the prisoner the thirty-nine pockets mentioned in this contract note sent to Asshenden, at £6 per cwt.; this is the invoice at that price, which works out at £373 14s.—I paid the prisoner that sum to be devoted to the purchase—on 6th October I made another purchase from the prisoner; I then bought nineteen pockets—on 13th October I bought fifty-one pockets; those two lots were invoiced together, and worked out at £401 1s.—I sent a cheque for that amount to the prisoner—I speak from this invoice; I may not have been there on the day the cheque was sent—the invoice shows the date the hops were paid for; they are taken from the books—I have no doubt my firm paid the amounts in this invoice—it was paid on the Saturday fortnight after the hops were sold; that is prompt payment—I did not give bills.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I say the sale of 26th October was paid for on 12th November, because I see it written here, and I know the number of the cheque—we always pay prompt, unless it is a very large amount, and then we might have an arrangement to pay in a month or two—we never have running accounts—we might pay half down and half in two months—we do not, as a rule, pay interest in that case; we might make an arrangement—unless we do so, the factor does not get his balance for two months, and does not get interest for his money in that case—it is the practice for the factor to always pay the grower prompt—if we did not pay for the hops prompt the factor would not pay; I know he would not pay—it is put on the bought note as half prompt, half in two months; that is as between himself and me—I don't know anything of what there is between the factor and the grower; but I should not say that such an arrangement between them was at all uncommon.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Sometimes we see the growers, and they are willing to fall into it; it is with the growers that such an arrangement is usually made—I have no doubt we have had an arrangement with the prisoner, and have deferred payment—we had no such arrangement in regard to these transactions—an arrangement to defer payment is also made with the growers—the difference comes out of the factor's pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-24" type="surname" value="WEEKS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-24" type="given" value="AMOS"/>AMOS WEEKS</persName> </hi>. I live at Sanway, Maidstone, and am a hop grower—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080006"/>
<p>have dealt with the prisoner since 1876; he has sold my hops—on October, 1892, I left with him twenty-two samples of hops to sell for me—I received on October 7th this advice note, and on 22nd October this account sale, amounting to £188 9s., less charges £9 3s., and enclosing a cheque for £179 6s.—the purchaser was not mentioned in the course of the correspondence, and I did not know who he was—I thought this was the price the hops were sold for—all the knowledge I had was from this communication.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I only once dealt with another factor, and that was in 1881, I believe—I always look for cash on the prompt day, and I get it about the Saturday fortnight after the advice of the sale—I expect the factor to hand over the money to me prompt for my goods—I think I have always come up with my samples—I do not then know pretty well what the market price is—we have to rely on the factor—I am a hop and fruit grower—I do not look at the
<hi rend="italic">Brewers' Journal</hi> to see the market price of hops—I leave it to the factor to now the price—there is a difference in the price of hops in my own parish—I have been a hop grower since 1876; I have lost money by it—I don't think we can tell much about them till we class them on the factor's board—I have not the privilege of knowing what the factor gives—I have never asked the name of the merchant—it used to be the custom to say what the hops were sold at—I expected the factor to do the best he could for me—I expect him to pay me on prompt day; it is his look-out whether he gets it from the merchant or not; he takes the risk—I never said to a factor "You must sell for me at once, otherwise I will take them out of your hands"—I do not think that would be the best way to get a good price—the market goes down as quickly as it goes up, and a few hours might make a difference of loss or profit to me—I leave it to the factor as the best judge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It was once, I think, the custom for the factor to give the grower the name of the buyer—I think it has been the prisoner's custom—the factor had no authority to sell my hops for anything but prompt payment.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-25" type="surname" value="LEMMORD"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-25" type="given" value="ERNEST WILLIAM"/>ERNEST WILLIAM LEMMORD</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to my father, a hop merchant of Southwark Street, Borough—on 7th October last I purchased through the prisoner twenty-two pockets of hops; this is the contract note—it gives the name of Weeks, and the price as £6 per cwt.—on 22nd October my father's cheque was sent for £196 10s. for that—this invoice is in our cashier's writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We do not always pay prompt; sometimes we give an acceptance, but in that case we pay interest—very exceptionally we have made an agreement with the grower to pay no interest, or very exceptionally with the factor; I only remember one instance, that was with factor and grower as well—we have not done it with the factor without the grower knowing anything about it—I am not quite certain, but I cannot remember—we have paid interest in other cases.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The deposition of Henry Dungey was read as follows</hi>: "I am a hop grower, of Kent. I have done business with the defendant for many years—sixty years. The advice notes No. 14 and No. 8 produced were received by me. I never knew that the defendant was himself the pur
<lb/>chaser of the hops referred to therein. He never told me so, as far as I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080007"/>
<p>remember. I was pressing the sale of the hops very much—indeed so much so that there was a probability of my taking them, away from him if they were not sold. The letter of October 10th, 1892, was received by me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I never asked defendant to whom he had sold the hops, it is not usual for planters to ask that. I was quite satisfied with the sale of all the lots. The custom of the trade is not to remit the amount before two clear Saturdays after the advice note. I do not know whether defendant had to give his customers, the merchants, extended credit. I know I gave him a month's extension of credit.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY DUNGEY."</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-26" type="surname" value="COLLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-26" type="given" value="HUGH THOMAS TENDON"/>HUGH THOMAS TENDON COLLIS</persName> </hi>. I am a hop merchant, of 27, Borough—this contract note, dated September 28th, refers to a purchase by me through the defendant of twenty pockets of hops at £6 12s. per cwt.—he sent me this invoice, in which the amount is worked out at £215 19s., which was paid by cheque on the day it was due.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been a member of the firm twenty years—we have dealt with Beeman ever since he has been established—we had an account with him in former years—we did not deal very largely with him—I daresay we have had acceptances from him, and they have been renewed—Mr. Marsh was our manager in 1890—I cannot tell you whether we had acceptances of Beeman's for £1,500 in September; it is possible—I do not know of any arrangement with him not to have interest charged against us, but if we bought a very large lot of hops we might; we should make our terms with Mr. Beeman, but we do not expect the factor to pay the money out of his own-pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This was a prompt cash transaction—the contract note is signed "A. S." M by Springett; No. 14 is signed "F. R."—I find 110 pockets at 84s. next, and the gross is worked out at £99 2s. 6d.—all hops are sold as a prompt transaction.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-27" type="surname" value="LOW"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-27" type="given" value="FRANCIS JOSEPH"/>FRANCIS JOSEPH LOW</persName> </hi>. I am a stationer in the Borough, in the name of Drewitt—John Willington was in my employ—in May, 1884, I supplied Beeman with a journal; it was five quires of hand-made demy; it was a six-quire book of 556 to 560 pages.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This entry was made on May 26th by Mr. Springett—the writing of the order is mine; his order was verbal, but I probably entered it the same day—I have a personal recollection of it—the entry was made after the book was completed; it is not folioed, if it was, the pages would be just half the number—in giving the number of pages I calculate the number of quires—I paged it—the order was distinct to page it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-28" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-28" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD PEARSON</persName> </hi>. I am a hop grower of Smardon, in Kent—I have done business with Mr. Beeman two years—in September, 1892, I sent him ten pockets of hops, samples, with this letter—I afterwards received the account sale of October 1st showing a balance of £81 13s., which was sent to me by cheque—I handed all the letters to the Official Receiver—Beeman did not tell me that he had bought the hops himself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was paid at the usual time—I do not know that Beeman was paid by an acceptance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-29" type="surname" value="GROSSE"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-29" type="given" value="GEORGE MORTIMER"/>GEORGE MORTIMER GROSSE</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Baker, White and Morgan, hop merchants, of London Bridge—I received from Beeman this contract note, No. 3, for ten pockets of hops to Smardon—I paid for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080008"/>
<p>them by a three months' acceptance, given on September 24th, and due December 27th, interest one above bank-rate—No. 2 is a contract note given me by Beeman and Co., and who had sold me thirty pockets of hops marked B at 115s.—this is the invoice; it is for £259 15s. 6d.—there are four others paid for by the same acceptances as the other.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We do a large business—we occasionally give accept
<lb/>ances, and sometimes cash—that is totally irrespective of when he pays the grower, but we know he ought to pay the grower on the second Saturday afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-30" type="surname" value="WACHER"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-30" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY WACHER</persName> </hi>. I live at Canterbury—I was a grower of hops before 1892, and have been in the habit of sending hops to Beeman's for sale—I sent these samples in 1892, and twenty pockets in September, 1892, to sell for us—the amount was £262 8s. gross, received by them from the buyer—No. 7 is an account sale on October 15th of twenty pockets of hops, marked "Taylor's," sold under the same circumstances—the amount returned to me was £214 17s.—No. 11, October 22nd, is an account sale of thirty-nine pockets "B" sent to me by Beeman for sale under the same circumstances—the total returned to me is £383 12s. 6d., from which he would deduct his usual commission—he never informed me that he was buying those hops himself, or who had bought them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I got paid at the usual time on each occasion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-31" type="surname" value="NORWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-31" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN NORWOOD</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Wigans and Cosier, hop merchants, of the Borough—in contract note No. 7 the first item is sixteen pockets of hops, marked "Taylor," £7 10s.—the next is October 4th, three pockets, Taylor, at £7 10s. and one at £6—I have the invoices of them, showing that £182 12s. was paid for the sixteen pockets, and £39 18s. for the four—I paid those amounts to Mr. Beeman, cash.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Merchants do not sometimes pay the contractor directly—I am in a very large business—it is the practice of smaller men to give acceptances to the factor, and sometimes to give credit—I should say certainly not without interest—they pay interest from the prompt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Customers can always know the buyer's name if they ask the factor—a factor would most assuredly tell the grower—I was a factor from 1875 to 1879—I have never known a practice of factors charging an extra commission on the ground that they might have to find the money on the prompt day—it is the buyer's duty to tell his grower.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-32" type="surname" value="GREY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-32" type="given" value="EGERTON SPENCER"/>EGERTON SPENCER GREY</persName> </hi>. I am Assistant Official Receiver at the Bankruptcy Court—I have studied accounts—I am a member of the Bar—Beeman's bankruptcy came to me in the ordinary course—I had charge of it, and have got all the books—they are in the same condition as when they were handed to me—there are about three hundredweight of them—they show that he was insolvent from year to year—I examined them before 21st June, but have not been able to trace the transactions spoken to in Court to-day and yesterday, or the mode in which he did his busi
<lb/>ness—some books were wanting, and I required the production of the journal—I examined him in the Bankruptcy Court on June 21st, and inquired whether there was a day book and journal—I believe he referred to the collecting book—that was the first intimation I had of a collecting book—I put questions to him as to where he got the materials to make up the ledger—Beeman sent me this collecting book (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080009"/>
<p>after his first examination—I find no trace of it among the books; it is not part of a set of books—after his examination on 21st June, I received this letter from him. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that he had given up all his books, except some which had been destroyed</hi>)—some memorandum books and cancelled counterfoil cheques came with that letter and the collecting book—there is no book to enable me to trace goods from the vendor to the purchaser—I communicated with the merchants and growers, and received from them the advice notes and contracts sent to them—on July 5th, in answer to a question of the Senior Official Receiver as to why he destroyed the books, he said there was no further use for them, and it was not pleasant to have old books overlooked—I sent him a requisition for a commission account of ail transactions on commission in 1892, and there has been a second requisition since that which I think extended the period to October—I got this answer to the letter of July 31st. (
<hi rend="italic">This enclosed an account of all sales in</hi> 1892
<hi rend="italic">up to the receiving order, and explained the practice of the trade in selling hops.—Signed</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">ISAAC BEEMAN</hi>)—this is the account which he filed—the cases before the Court are cases in which he says "Taken into account by Beeman"—he does not give the name of the purchaser, but represents that Beeman and Co. are the purchasers—it was before I received that account that I communicated with the merchants and growers—the price per cwt. at which they were sold to the grower is given in the account, but not the price at which they were sold to the merchant; no book showing that has come into my possession, and it is not specified in any transaction—on August 2nd there was a further examination which I took, and put questions on the original contracts from the merchants which I had in my hand—I find entries of Pearson in the growers' ledger—the total price given here is £88—at the end of 1892 I find "Extra commission, differences, etc, £347 3s.," and commis
<lb/>sion is charged in addition to that in different items—in 1891 here is a similar entry, "Commission, difference, etc, £786 14s. 6d.,"and in 1890 £2,097 3s. 4d., and commission is also charged—in 1889 there is entered "Extra commission and differences, £3,070 7s. 6d."—that is a very big year—commission is also charged that year—in 1888 here is "Extra commission, weight, etc., £2,250 4s.,"and in 1887 £1,601 8s.—in 1886 here £1,460 2s. in the same place, but there is nothing against it—in 1885 here is "Extra commission, profits, etc., £6,087 18s.,"and commis
<lb/>sion is also charged—in 1884 here is "Extra commission, profits, etc., £1,804 8s. 9d,"and in 1883, £2,093 19s.—in Asshenden's account, folio 264, 12th November, 1891, here is a credit of twenty-eight pockets—that is posted into the book from another book—the name of the mer
<lb/>chant who bought it does not appear—that book only contains the growers' names, not the merchants'—turning to Pearson's account in the ledger, page 420, under date of October 1st, there is a credit of ten pockets carried out, £81s. 13s., posted folio 360—that does not show what book that is contained in; it is not in any book that has been handed to me—I find in the ledger two posting folios, 360 and 297; those are the same folios as in the growers' account—I find the name of Thomas Asshen
<lb/>den in the account sales book, folio 86, 28, Stern Street, Surrey, posted £361 12s. 7d.; after deducting commission and insurance, £343 13s. 6d., that is the net amount; the posting folios are 268 and 306—there are two references to books which have been destroyed, both in pencil—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080010"/>
<p>account sales book extends from September, 1890, to February, 1893, and covers transactions within that period—I have got the collecting book here extending from October, 1891, to February, 1893, and the merchants' ledger commencing January, 1891—there is no merchants' ledger prior to that, and no collecting book—there is an account sales book prior to that date—from first to last I have not found in the books any trace of duplicates of contracts or contracts, nor any counterfoils or traces of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I have seen the way the defendant kept his journal, and by that I can find who the hops were sold to, and the price of the sale; but I can do it without that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You cannot get the same information from the growers' ledger and the merchants' ledger that you can from the journal—the first entry in the journal is "Wood, Field, and Hanbury, to hops 413 pockets; Durgan, £128 1s. 6d."—you would get the same information by looking at the two ledgers if you had the account sales book—he would only put the net amount in the growers' ledger, but in the ledger you would see the whole transaction—the growers' ledger, the merchants' ledger, and the account sales would give the same information as the journal; but the price per
<hi rend="italic">cwt.</hi> is in no book—if I knew where to look for the particulars and knew the name of the purchaser, I could trace out the full particulars of any one transaction by going through the books—the only difficulty I had was to connect the merchant with the grower—the names of the merchant and the buyer are brought into direct contact in the collecting book, but among growers it generally runs in families, and it might be Henry Durgan or John Durgan—the growers' ledger goes from 1858—when there is a sale the contract would be posted through the journal—"Pearson, £81 13s., October 1st, 1892," is the net amount after deducting commission—in the account sales book, folio 74, here is, "Hops per rail, sold for Pearson, £81 13s."—in the collecting book on October 1st here is "Baker, White, and Morgan, to account rendered, £88 9s. 6d.;"that is a memo made to assist the collector's memory; he had to collect that amount from them, and I should draw the inference that he was to collect it from them for Pearson, but it might possibly be an accommodation bill—I do not suggest that—this is not a book of account, or a book which anybody examining a bankrupt's accounts would take in his hands at all—it is very unusual not to post from the day book to the ledger—the difficulty I had was to indentify the merchants—he came to my office and had access to the books, and I saw him once in the record room going through the books; they never went out of my possession—these extra commissions do not occur in the profit and loss account for last year, but it shows an entry for commission £1,293 13s. 4d.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have not found any commission account in the bank
<lb/>rupt's books, or any details anywhere of these large items for additional commission and differences—the merchants' ledger does not contain an index of the growers' names—to find out Pearson's name I should have to search through every page and every item, and then there would be no Christian name—I can only go by the entries, and for aught I know there might be commission to be paid by the buyer—a day book is often used for a journal; it is ruled as a cash book—the first entry gives the name of the buyer and the seller—in the posting of the hop account there is no reference to the account sales book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. When I came to look at the accounts I had the new</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080011"/>
<p>journal before me—I have had considerable experience in investigating accounts—I find great difficulty in tracing any of these transactions, and I communicated with the merchants and growers, and got the details from them—I could find it out from the books if I had the connecting link, and if I had had the counterfoil of the original contract, by com
<lb/>paring it with the sales I should have found out the price.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-33" type="surname" value="SPRINGETT"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-33" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED SPRINGETT</persName> </hi>. I was managing clerk to the defendant till he ceased business in March, 1893, and since then I remained in the same office until November in the employ of his son, who is now carrying on the business—I have been with Mr. Beeman about thirty years—I kept all the books except the cash book and some minor books—he would receive samples from the growers, and try and sell them—when he sold them he or I wrote out a contract note, and handed it to the merchant—they were torn out of a counterfoil book, and I kept the duplicates in the office—I believe the duplicates up to January, 1893, have all been destroyed—when a contract was made I posted the contract note into the ay book from she counterfoil—the day book would give the pockets, and the name of the buyer, and the grower, and the price—the duplicate contract would sometimes be marked with the folio of the day book, where it would be found, but not always—the journal had nothing to do with the contract note—after that I advised the grower—it would be posted from the day book to the journal—after the advice note was sent to the growers the hops would come up to our warehouse and would be weighed—the grower does not attend the weighing as a rule—the day of payment would be the second Saturday after the contract—when we are ready to send the money to the grower we send him an account sale—folio 74 contains an entry of the account sales—this 360 refers to the journal and 297 to the day book—the account gale book only shows what is returned to the grower—the day book shows, the merchant's name, and the price paid to the grower in the book destroyed—I believe a merchants' ledger was destroyed coming up to December, 1891, and a letter book and a collecting book and other books, but I was not present—the journal was sent down to the warehouse—the day book was sent down a month before—I made the entries in the day book, and continued to use the old one till I got the new one—in the account sales book the last entry, 371, refers to the journal on December 10th, 1892—the old journal was paged—there are hardly any transactions after December 10th, there is one on December 25th—the reference to the last page of the day book which is destroyed is November 19th, 1892, folio 308; the day book contained about that quantity of folios—the first entry in the new book is January 11th, 1893; that was made some time after the book was bought—I purchased it some time in February from Messrs. Drewitt and Co; it was before Hubbard's writ came to the office—I do not know the date when I bought the books; I am not prepared to say that I did not buy them at the end of March last year—I recollect sending one of them back to be paged—I copied the entries from the day book; the first entry was taken from the old book—this mark inside the cover is that of a bookseller's label, which I believe was on it when I got it, and I removed it at Mr. Beeman's suggestion—he did not assign any reason—that was soon after the books were bought—when I had copied the old books they were sent to the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080012"/>
<p>warehouse at Mr. Beeman's suggestion—in the big ledger at the end of the balance for December, 1892, here is "Extra commission and difference, £347," that was posted from the journal which is destroyed—the differences are between the price paid to the grower and the price obtained from the merchant—the details are not kept in any book; they would not be found in the journal, but the facts would be in the journal and day book—the contract made on October 26th is for the whole lump at one price—I wrote this advice sale at Beeman's suggestion—I was not in the saleroom when they were sold—I said before the Magistrate that varying the price would make it look like a better market transaction.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> What Beeman said was: "If you don't want the books any more they might as well be destroyed"—growers came to the office to press him to sell—the prices vary very much, and they are quoted in different papers—the growers discuss the price in the market when they bring the samples up, and if they do not sell promptly they will take it out of the agent's hands—I remember eight pockets of hops to Mr. Stuttle, the grower, being sold on October 22nd, 1892; they were taken over at £6 3s. on the joint account of the prisoner and Mr. Husband, and were sold by them at £6 per
<hi rend="italic">cwt.</hi> on 22nd October the same year, which was a loss of 3s. per
<hi rend="italic">cwt.</hi>—the eighty pockets realised £768 188., therefore, apart from the ordinary charges, there was the difference between £779 11s. and the £768 actually realised; there was a loss on that transaction—in these transactions he ran a risk of winning or losing, according to the market value—it is the almost invariable practice to pay prompt on the second Saturday after the sale—it some times happened that he had to take acceptances—that was at nearly the same rate as the bank charges him—hose bills were sometimes renewed even in cases where he had to pay prompt to the grower—in December, 1890, Messrs. Collett gave an acceptance which bore no interest—that would appear in the old ledger—it is usual in the trade that credit is given for a short time without any charge—he takes the interest and he loses the risk—the defendant did not com
<lb/>municate that fact to the grower—the growers expect their money down—the merchants' ledger went down to November, 1890, and the balances from it were carried into the new one—the ledger was full—from that time downwards every transaction between the defendant and the mer
<lb/>chants appears in the ledger—the details of the contract sent to the merchant would be put into the journal and day book; no price would be put in the journal, but in the day book I should put the details, and the amount would be posted in the ledger—I should have the record in the ledger of what was in the day book—the growers' book goes back to 1858, and therefore the whole of the records between Mr. Beeman and the planters appear in the books—they only show the net amount, but in the other books the original prices appear—the collecting books are kept some considerable time, and then the merchants' and the planters' names are brought together—the same entry which appears in the day book would appear in the ledger—the ledger which is in existence would show the same as the journal, but it would not show the entries to the merchants—that would be in the merchants' book-Baker, White, and Morgan were dealing with Mr. Beeman, and if you look at the merchants' ledger, you will find the complete transaction, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080013"/>
<p>would find the name of Pearson—I should then turn to the growers' book; she only difference would be that in one book would be the date of the sale, and in the other the date of the prompt—all the dates in the growers' book are on Saturdays, the second Saturday being the prompt—from the merchants' ledger, the growers' ledger, and the account sales book I can trice the whole particulars of any transaction, and the collecting book would show where I could find the names of any people brought together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> In Asshenden's case there was a sale of hops on October 26th—that transaction gave the price per
<hi rend="italic">cwt.</hi>—I find that in the collecting book the entry is "November 4th, thirty-nine pockets, Asshenden, £374 14s."—the price per
<hi rend="italic">cwt.</hi> is not given—I cannot tell it from any of the books preserved—I should not read the collecting book through to find the name of Asshenden; I should refer to the date—I find Dungey's name in the ledger by turning over two pages; it is not Henry Dungey—there are a great many Dungeys growers in Kent; we dealt with three or four, and this is Henry, I recollect—the Official Receiver would refer to Kennard's account in my book—the entry in the merchants' ledger is "October 11th, 1892, thirteen pockets, Dungey," not Henry—I only know by my own knowledge that it was Henry—there are no means for a stranger to find that out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I am not aware that he has actually to get hold of the contract note from the merchant and the advice sales to arrive at it, but I have no doubt it is true—when the books were filled they were sent down to the warehouse and kept there—Wiley is the warehouseman—I have been there since 1872, and no book were destroyed till last year.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. J. WELLINGTON</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). We had the two books in stock; one of them had to be paged, but it was done in an hour or two.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-147-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-147-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-147-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-147-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-147-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-147-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-147-18940108 t18940108-147-punishment-1"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-148">
<interp inst="t18940108-148" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-148" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-148-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-148-18940108 t18940108-148-offence-1 t18940108-148-verdict-1"/>
<p>148.
<persName id="def1-148-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-148-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-148-18940108" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-148-18940108" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-148-18940108" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS RILEY</hi>(52)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-148-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-148-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-148-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18940108-148-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-148-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-148-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to unlawfully selling fourteen counterfeit half-crowns and thirty counterfeit florins to
<persName id="t18940108-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-35" type="surname" value="CLEMENTS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-35" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-148-offence-1 t18940108-name-35"/>Henry Clements</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to selling eighteen counterfeit half-crowns to
<persName id="t18940108-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-36" type="surname" value="FRIEDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-36" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-148-offence-1 t18940108-name-36"/>John Fried-man</persName>, after three previous convictions.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-148-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-148-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-148-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-148-18940108 t18940108-148-punishment-2"/>Fourteen Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-149">
<interp inst="t18940108-149" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-149" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-149-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-149-18940108 t18940108-149-offence-1 t18940108-149-verdict-1"/>
<p>149.
<persName id="def1-149-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-149-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-149-18940108" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-149-18940108" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-149-18940108" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES JOHNSON</hi>(46)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-149-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-149-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-149-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-38" type="surname" value="BYFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-38" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BYFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Tally Ho, Kentish Town—on December 2nd I served the prisoner with some beer—he gave me this half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I looked at it, and he said, "That is all right"—I put it by itself in a corner of the till—I looked at it about a minute afterwards and found it was bad—the prisoner had gone into another compartment; I went round there, and he slipped into the coffee-room—I saw a constable in plain clothes in the bar, and showed it to him—he went into the coffee-room, and brought the prisoner out—I had given him 2s. 5d. change.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080014"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-39" type="surname" value="TURNHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-39" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST TURNHAM</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Tally Ho—on December 2nd I was called into the bar and shown a counterfeit half-crown—I went into the coffee-room, found the prisoner, and said, "I hear you have passed a bad half-crown"—he said he was very sorry; he had got it, and he wanted to get rid of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-40" type="surname" value="BATE"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-40" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BATE</persName> </hi> (632
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). I was in this public-house in plain clothes, and asked the prisoner where he got the coin—he said, "At a public-house in Junction Road, next to the Police-station"—there is no Police-station there within half-a mile—I had not spoken to him before Mr. Turnham came in—I searched him, but found no other bad money—he said, "I knew I had got it; I am very sorry, I wanted to get rid of it"—he gave his name, Charles Johnson, Wentworth Street, Spitalfields—I inquired, and he was not known there—I found on him two shillings, two sixpences, and sixpence-halfpenny—he was hawking studs—he was taken before a Magistrate the same day, and said, "I bought the half-crown in Kentish Town Road, and gave a shilling for it. I am very sorry; I suppose I shall get a
<hi rend="italic">moon</hi> for it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-41" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-41" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this coin is bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate, and in his defence, said that a man offered to sell him a bad half-crown for a shilling, and as he believed it was a good one he bought it.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-149-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-149-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-149-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-149-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-149-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-149-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-149-18940108 t18940108-149-punishment-3"/>One Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-150">
<interp inst="t18940108-150" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-150" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-150-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-150-18940108 t18940108-150-offence-1 t18940108-150-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-150-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-150-18940108 t18940108-150-offence-1 t18940108-150-verdict-2"/>
<p>150.
<persName id="def1-150-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-150-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-150-18940108" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-150-18940108" type="surname" value="PARR"/>
<interp inst="def1-150-18940108" type="given" value="CORNELIUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CORNELIUS PARR</hi>(19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-150-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-150-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-150-18940108" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-150-18940108" type="surname" value="BLOOMFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def2-150-18940108" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY BLOOMFIELD</hi>(18)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-150-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-150-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-150-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully inciting
<persName id="t18940108-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-44" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-44" type="given" value="PERCY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-150-offence-1 t18940108-name-44"/>Percy Miller</persName> to utter counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-45" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-45" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY MILLER</persName> </hi>. I live at the Salvation Army Shelter, Whitechapel Road—since October I have been acting as a shoeblack outside St. Mary's Station, Whitechapel—I made the prisoners' acquaintance about November 2nd, and have seen them from time to time with a man we called
<hi rend="italic">Piggy</hi>—on Sunday afternoon, December 3rd, they both came up to me, and Parr said, "Here,
<hi rend="italic">Crutchey</hi>, I have got a couple of half-crowns, and you are a shoeblack, I know you won't have a tanner on your stand to-day; if you take these coins and change them, I will give you a
<hi rend="italic">tanner</hi> on each"—the coins were wrapped in paper, one on top of the other—I hesitated, but put out my hand, and received a half-crown—I said, "I am a cripple"—Parr said, "Get out with you, you have often passed them before"—Bloomfield said, "Don't be afraid"—I said, "I am going to the station to make water, and will return shortly "—that was an excuse—I went into the station, gave the coin to Richard Griffin, and made a statement to him—he broke it, and gave it back to me—I saw a constable in uni
<lb/>form, and told him about it and as I went up with him I saw the prisoners enter a coffee-house—I could not find them, but next day, Mon
<lb/>day, I saw them at Woolf's coffee-shop opposite the railway station—I walked in with the policeman, and said, "These are the men, and this is the money"—Parr said, "Yes, I gave him the money"—322 H said, "Did you give this coin to the shoeblack?"—Parr said, "Yes"—the policeman searched them, and took them to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Parr.</hi> You told me it was counterfeit coin, and said it was given to you.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080015"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-46" type="surname" value="GRIFFIN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-46" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD GRIFFIN</persName> </hi>. I am cashier at St. Mary's Railway Station, Whitechapel—on Sunday, December 3rd, Miller brought me a half-crown—I tested it, broke it, and gave it back to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-47" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-47" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD MILLS</persName> </hi> (322
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On December 3rd Miller made a statement to me—I went the same day to Woolf's coffee-shop, but saw no one I wanted—I went there again next day with Miller, and saw the two prisoners—he said, "Those are the two men"—I took them to the station, and charged them—Parr said that they had been mixed up with it for three or four days; Bloomfield said that he had only known them a few days; that he had been out of work for about a fortnight, and had his dinner at the coffee-shop, where they met—I received this portion of the broken half-crown from Miller.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-48" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-48" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM THOMPSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H</hi>). On 4th December I was at the station, and as Bloomfield left the dock he said, "I want to speak to you"—I followed him to the cell—he began to cry, and said, "I was never in such a place as this before"—I said, "Where did you get the bad half-crown?"—he said, "I got it from a man named Smith at a coffee-house in Whitechapel Road next to St. Mary's Railway Station"—I said, "Do you know where Smith lives?"—he said, "In Denmark Street. Smith and a man named old Steve, with one arm, met us at Smith's house of a night. Steve don't live there; he lives somewhere the other side of the water; I don't know where; Smith takes them to the coffee-house and sells them."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-49" type="surname" value="REID"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-49" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD REID</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector H</hi>). On January 2nd I charged the prisoners with inciting Miller to utter counterfeit coin—neither of them made any answer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-50" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-50" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>.—This half-crown is bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' statements before the Magistrate. Parr says</hi>: "The other three were good coins; the counterfeit coins were given to me."
<hi rend="italic">Bloom
<lb/>field says: "I say the same as Parr."</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that there was no uttering, but only the employing of Miller to utter, and left the case to the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi> as one of inciting only.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18940108-150-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-150-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-150-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of inciting.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PARR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-150-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-150-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-150-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-150-18940108 t18940108-150-punishment-4"/>One Month's Imprisonment without Hard Labour</rs>.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BLOOMFIELD</hi>
<rs id="t18940108-150-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-150-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-150-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi> </rs>.
<rs id="t18940108-150-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-150-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-150-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-150-18940108 t18940108-150-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recogni
<lb/>zances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-151">
<interp inst="t18940108-151" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-151" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-151-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-151-18940108 t18940108-151-offence-1 t18940108-151-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-151-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-151-18940108 t18940108-151-offence-1 t18940108-151-verdict-2"/>
<p>151.
<persName id="def1-151-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-151-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-151-18940108" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-151-18940108" type="surname" value="DE CORT"/>
<interp inst="def1-151-18940108" type="given" value="CHARLES SMITH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES SMITH DE CORT</hi>(20)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-151-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-151-18940108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-151-18940108" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-151-18940108" type="surname" value="DE CORT"/>
<interp inst="def2-151-18940108" type="given" value="ANNIE SMITH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE SMITH DE CORT</hi>(20)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-151-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-151-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-151-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in their possession, with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-53" type="surname" value="SPENCELEY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-53" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT SPENCELEY</persName> </hi> (143
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On December 5th I went with Sergeant Glennester to 24, Denmark Street, St. George's-in-the-East, to the first-floor front room—I knocked, and a woman said, "Who is there?"—Sergeant Glennester said, "The police"—she did not open the door, and we burst it open, and entered the room—the sergeant said he should take her in custody for having implements for making counterfeit coin in her possession, and also for uttering—she said, "We have no money here"—the sergeant then went out of the room, and she said, "I will tell you all the money I have here," and got under the bed, and produced nine counterfeit half-crowns, wrapped up in this piece of newspaper, and touch
<lb/>ing each other, only there was white powder between them—she said, "The</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080016"/>
<p>other things you will find, some in the drawer of the washstand, and some on the table; we should not have been in trouble if it had not been for a man named
<hi rend="italic">Steve</hi>, and Butcher and Woodgate"—we found in a table-drawer four pieces of copper wire, a tile, a ladle, and some silver-sand—she produced this piece of metal from under the bed; it fits the ladle, in which there are pieces of metal—she was taken to the station—she made no reply—this was at five p.m.—we remained on the premises, and at twelve a.m. the male prisoner came home, and was arrested.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-54" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-54" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant H</hi>). I was at 24, Denmark Street, when De Cort let himself in with a latch-key, about 12.30 a.m.—Ser
<lb/>geant Glennester came out of the front parlour and charged him with having counterfeit coin and implements for making it, and we found is on him and 1 1/2 d.—he was charged at the station, and made no reply—the female prisoner was identified from among a lot more people.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-55" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-55" type="surname" value="ROSENBERG"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-55" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>MINNIE ROSENBERG</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Joseph Rosenberg—the prisoners lodged in our house as man and wife, and occupied the second-floor front room.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-56" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-56" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-56" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA JAMES</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John James, of 24, Fell Street—on December 24th the female prisoner, who I knew, came and asked me if I would mind a parcel which she had got—I said, "Yes"—I opened it and found this ladle and tools—I fastened it up Again—she gave me the parcel—I opened it, and then she showed me ten half-crowns, and put them into the parcel—she said she had been to Mrs. Watson and changed one half-crown, and had to run for her life and throw the money in a stocking over the bridge—I went to her house that evening, and saw her husband and herself in the same room—I asked her to come and take the parcel, as I should get into trouble, as it contained bad money—she said to her husband, "You go"—he said, "No; you go and bring it, and I will take it elsewhere"—Annie came to my house, and I handed it to her—she said that
<hi rend="italic">Steve</hi>, a one-armed man, had been making some money, and he had had seven years, and if he got into trouble it would kill him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-57" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-57" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-57" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH JONES</persName> </hi>. I live with my parents at 13, Watt Street, Wapping—three or four weeks ago I was with Jessie Gudge, and the prisoner Annie gave Gudge a half-crown, and said, "Go for me for a quarter-ounce of snuff, and I will give you a halfpenny"—J went with Gudge—she asked for the snuff, and showed a half-crown to Mrs. Callaghan's daughter—she told me to go and get change—I went to another shop, Mrs. Inchgold's, my aunt—Gudge went with me—I got the change from Martha Clare, and went back to Mrs. Callaghan's, and Gudge gave her the money, and took away the snuff—the prisoner gave us a farthing between us—I picked her out from a number of other women.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-58" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-58" type="surname" value="CLARE"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-58" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA CLARE</persName> </hi>. I live at 81, Old Gravel Lane, and assist Mrs. Inchgold in her business—a few weeks ago Jones and Gudge came, and asked for change for a half-crown—we put it in the till with other coin, but it was all small—I afterwards took it out, and showed it to my brother, who put it between his teeth, and then broke it with a poker on the hearth—I handed it to Inspector Mason—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is a piece of it on the Saturday before the prisoner Annie was taken on the Monday I saw her pass the shop and go across the road into Mrs. Watt's, the linendraper's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-59" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-59" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-59" type="given" value="MAUD"/>MAUD WATTS</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant to my mother, who keeps a draper's shop at 58, Old Gravel Lane—on December 2nd, about 5.30, the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080017"/>
<p>Annie, who I had never seen before, came in for a pair of stockings, and gave a half-crown—I rang it on the counter three times, and she said, "Oh, it is good"—I said, "I did not say it was not, but you have to be so careful what money you take, as there is so much bad money about"—she said, "It is a good one; my father has brought it home from the works"—I gave her the change—she ran out of the shop and I kept the coin in my hand—Miss Clare came in and said something to me—I spoke to my mother and showed her the coin—I afterwards handed the coin to Inspector Mason—this is it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-60" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-60" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR MASON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector H</hi>). I received a portion of a coin from Miss Clare and another from Miss Watts.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-61" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-61" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these nine half-crowns are counterfeit but unfinished—this whole coin and these pieces are counterfeit, and the coin uttered at the linendraper's is from the same mould as five of the others—these articles are part of the stock in trade of a coiner, and this is a piece of molten metal.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners, in their statements before the Magistrate and in their defences, stated that Old Steve</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner, Thomas Riley, see page</hi> 187)
<hi rend="italic">left die the things with them to mind, but they knew nothing about them, and got rid of them as soon as they could.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">C. S. DE CORT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-151-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-151-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-151-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">A. S. DE CORT</hi>
<rs id="t18940108-151-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-151-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-151-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the uttering.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-151-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-151-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-151-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-151-18940108 t18940108-151-punishment-6"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-152">
<interp inst="t18940108-152" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-152" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-152-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-152-18940108 t18940108-152-offence-1 t18940108-152-verdict-1"/>
<p>152.
<persName id="def1-152-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-152-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-152-18940108" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-152-18940108" type="surname" value="MAXWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-152-18940108" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-152-18940108" type="occupation" value="employed in the Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK MAXWELL</hi>(24)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-152-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-152-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-152-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18940108-152-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-152-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-152-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to stealing, while , a post letter containing two orders for the payment of money;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> a letter containing a postal order for ten shillings and sixpence, the property of
<persName id="t18940108-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-63" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-152-offence-1 t18940108-name-63"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-152-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-152-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-152-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-152-18940108 t18940108-152-punishment-7"/>Ten Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-153">
<interp inst="t18940108-153" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-153" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-153-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-153-18940108 t18940108-153-offence-1 t18940108-153-verdict-1"/>
<p>153.
<persName id="def1-153-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-153-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-153-18940108" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-153-18940108" type="surname" value="BRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-153-18940108" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-153-18940108" type="occupation" value="employed in the Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR BRANT</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-153-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-153-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-153-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-153-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-153-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-153-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to steal
<lb/>ing, while employed in the Post Office, a letter containing an order for the payment of twenty shillings, the property of
<persName id="t18940108-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-65" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-153-offence-1 t18940108-name-65"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General.</persName></rs>
<rs id="t18940108-153-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-153-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-153-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-153-18940108 t18940108-153-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-154">
<interp inst="t18940108-154" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-154" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-154-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-154-18940108 t18940108-154-offence-1 t18940108-154-verdict-1"/>
<p>154.
<persName id="def1-154-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-154-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-154-18940108" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-154-18940108" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-154-18940108" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GEORGE MOORE</hi>(24)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-154-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-154-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-154-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-154-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-154-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-154-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940108-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-67" type="surname" value="HOUSDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-67" type="given" value="JOHN AUGUST JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-154-offence-1 t18940108-name-67"/>John August James Housden</persName>, and stealing a pair of sugar-tongs and a purse, his property.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the prosecutor.—
<rs id="t18940108-154-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-154-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-154-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-154-18940108 t18940108-154-punishment-9"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-155">
<interp inst="t18940108-155" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-155" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-155-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-155-18940108 t18940108-155-offence-1 t18940108-155-verdict-1"/>
<p>155.
<persName id="def1-155-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-155-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-155-18940108" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-155-18940108" type="surname" value="LACEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-155-18940108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LACEY</hi>** (62)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-155-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-155-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-155-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-155-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-155-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-155-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a pair of eye-glasses, the property of
<persName id="t18940108-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-69" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-69" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-155-offence-1 t18940108-name-69"/>Henry Green</persName>, from his person, having been convicted at Clerkenwell in August, 1891.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-155-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-155-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-155-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-155-18940108 t18940108-155-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">For the case of
<persName id="t18940108-name-70" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-70" type="surname" value="BEEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-70" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>Isaac Beeman</persName>, partly tried this day, see page</hi> 177.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-156">
<interp inst="t18940108-156" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-156" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-156-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-156-18940108 t18940108-156-offence-1 t18940108-156-verdict-1"/>
<p>156.
<persName id="def1-156-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-156-18940108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-156-18940108" type="surname" value="GOULD"/>
<interp inst="def1-156-18940108" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH GOULD</hi>, Unlawfully</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-156-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-156-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-156-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-72" type="surname" value="VIDAL"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-72" type="given" value="BENOIST"/>BENOIST VIDAL</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, at 46, Wardour Street—on Monday night, December 4th, the prisoner came in for a sixpenny box of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080018"/>
<p>cigarettes, and gave me this half-crown, and I told her it was bad, and asked her where she got it—she said, "From a friend"—she was walking off, and I halloaed out as a policeman was standing on the point, and I gave her in charge—I gave the half-crown to the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-73" type="surname" value="GIMES"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-73" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GIMES</persName> </hi> (46
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>). On 4th December I was called to Mr. Vidal's shop—he told me the prisoner had tendered a bad half-crown—she made no reply—I charged her and took her to the station—she was taken before Mr. Newton next day and remanded till the 7th, and then till the 14th, when she was discharged—she gave her name as Alice Harris on the first occasion—I recognised her at the Police-station on the early morning of 2nd January.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-74" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-74" type="surname" value="PATCH"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-74" type="given" value="AGNES"/>AGNES PATCH</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Macclesfield Arms—on New Year's night the prisoner called for a glass of ale and tendered this florin—I said, "It is bad," and placed it on the counter again—she said, "Is this good?" and directly placed down a good one, which she had in her other hand—she did not take anything from her pocket—Mr. Langhelt, who was standing at my side, had some conversation with her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-75" type="surname" value="LANGHELT"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-75" type="given" value="GODFREY"/>GODFREY LANGHELT</persName> </hi>. I am the landlord of the Macclesfield Arms—I was in the bar when the prisoner tendered the florin—I asked her where she got it—she would not answer—afterwards I took her outside the door and asked her, and she said some man or some gentleman had given it to her—she offered to pay for the beer with a good florin, but I would not accept it—she did not appear to be the worse for drink.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-76" type="surname" value="BLACK"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-76" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BLACK</persName> </hi> (132
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>). I took the prisoner on 1st January—I asked her where she obtained the florin which was handed to me—she made no reply—I took her to the station and charged her with uttering a bad florin—she made no reply—I asked her name; she said, "I refuse to give any name"—I asked her address—later in the morning she gave her name to the inspector as Elizabeth Gould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by prisoner.</hi> You had had something to drink, but was not under the influence of drink.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-77" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-77" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half-crown and florin are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in her statement before the Magistrate and in her defence said that the coin was given her by a gentleman, and that she did not know it was bad</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-156-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-156-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-156-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">She then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of uttering counterfeit coin at this Court in December</hi>, 1892,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of
<rs id="t18940108-alias-1" type="alias">Annie Kenny</rs>, upon which the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found her guilty of felony.—
<rs id="t18940108-156-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-156-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-156-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-156-18940108 t18940108-156-punishment-11"/>Ten Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-157">
<interp inst="t18940108-157" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-157" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-157-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-157-18940108 t18940108-157-offence-1 t18940108-157-verdict-1"/>
<p>157.
<persName id="def1-157-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-157-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-157-18940108" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-157-18940108" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-157-18940108" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY ROBERTS</hi>(20)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-157-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-157-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-157-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18940108-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-79" type="surname" value="ENGLISH"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-79" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-79" type="occupation" value="salesman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-157-offence-1 t18940108-name-79"/>Thomas English</persName>, and stealing a watch and chain and other articles, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEWARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-80" type="surname" value="ENGLISH"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-80" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ENGLISH</persName> </hi>. I live at 34, Sumley Street, Earlsfield, and am a salesman—a little after ten p.m. on 18th December I was passing through Whitcombe Street, by the side of a hoarding, when I was pounced upon by four men from behind—one man on either side tripped me up, and put me on the pavement; a third man held my feet down, and the prisoner ripped open my overcoat and took my watch and chain, and my purse from my right-hand trousers pocket—I had about 3s. in it as well as I can remember—a handkerchief was also taken from my overcoat pocket, and one from my under coat—the two men holding me at the side then let go,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080019"/>
<p>and I sprang up into a sitting position, and caught the prisoner by the collar; the third man was still holding my feet—the man on my right gave me a kick on my wrist and made me let go of the prisoner, and as I turned to get up I was kicked on my left side and on my hip—I felt the kicks for several days afterwards—when the third man let go of my feet, I got up and blew a police whistle which I had; they scattered in different directions then—I ran after the prisoner, who was stopped by some passers by—I did not lose sight of him—the man on my left hurt my finger trying to get my ring off—the prisoner used no violence—I did not go to a doctor—I have not seen any of my property again—I was sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I am sure you are the man; I did not lose sight of you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-81" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-81" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER ATKINSON</persName> </hi> (337
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>). About 10.15 p.m. on 18th December I heard a police whistle, and ran down Whitcombe Street, as far as James Street, where I saw the prisoner detained by some persons—the prose
<lb/>cutor, who was standing near, said he had been robbed of his watch and chain, and that the prisoner was one of the men—the prisoner said, "You have made a mistake; I am not one of the men"—he was taken to the station, where he said, "I know nothing about it"—I found nothing on him—he gave the name of Roberts, and an address at a lodging-house, but they did not know him there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "I am very sorry, but there was no violence used towards the prosecutor. I should like the case settled here."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner', in his defence, stated that he was walking down Whitcombe Street when he was stopped and charged with the offence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-157-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-157-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-157-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**†
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in June</hi>, 1892.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-157-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-157-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-157-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-157-18940108 t18940108-157-punishment-12"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-158">
<interp inst="t18940108-158" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-158" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-158-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-158-18940108 t18940108-158-offence-1 t18940108-158-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-158-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-158-18940108 t18940108-158-offence-1 t18940108-158-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-158-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-158-18940108 t18940108-158-offence-2 t18940108-158-verdict-3"/>
<p>158.
<persName id="def1-158-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-158-18940108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-158-18940108" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-158-18940108" type="surname" value="MORTIMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-158-18940108" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-158-18940108" type="occupation" value="cook"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SUSAN MORTIMER</hi>(21)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-158-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-158-18940108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-158-18940108" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-158-18940108" type="surname" value="MORTIMER"/>
<interp inst="def2-158-18940108" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY MORTIMER</hi>(27)</persName>,
<rs id="t18940108-158-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-158-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-158-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> Stealing three brooches and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t18940108-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-84" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-84" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-84" type="given" value="HARRIETT"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-84" type="occupation" value="nurse"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-158-offence-2 t18940108-name-84"/>Harriett Evans,</persName> in her dwelling-house.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, receiving the same. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SUSAN MORTIMER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-158-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-158-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-158-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THORNS COLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-85" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-85" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-85" type="given" value="SARAH HARRIETT"/>SARAH HARRIETT EVANS</persName> </hi>. I have been residing at 66, Hailsham Road Kensington—on 2nd October I left certain boxes and goods there—Susan Mortimer was cook there at that time—on 9th December I returned and found my boxes ransacked and empty—I communicated with the police at once—I lost £10 or £14 as well as clothes, about £100 of goods altogether—I have recovered part of my property since; this is it—I have not seen Emily Mortimer at the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-86" type="surname" value="DREW"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-86" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER DREW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). On 9th December Miss Evans made a complaint and I went and saw Susan—from what she said I went to 25, Sinclair Road, and saw Emily, who had been in service there for a short time as cook—I said to her, "Is your name Emily Mortimer? I am a police officer, and have your sister Susan in custody for an extensive robbery at 66, Hailsham Road. Have you anything in your possession that does not belong to you, that she gave to you?"—she said, "Nothing whatever"—I said, "I shall be able to prove that you have frequently taken parcels out of 66, Hailsham Road; I charge you with stealing and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080020"/>
<p>receiving property;" and I cautioned her in the usual way, that what she said I should take down and give in evidence—she said, "I have only a dress"—we went upstairs to her bedroom, with Miss Evans—Emily Mortimer produced this cardboard box containing this salmon-coloured dress, and said, "That is all I have"—Miss Evans identified the dress as her property, and said it was worth eight guineas—the prisoner said, "I have three years' good character, and it is not likely I should steal any
<lb/>thing "—I made a further search, and found this silk blouse in a drawer (which Miss Evans identified), a petticoat and veil, and in a draw I found three coins and a foreign medal—Emily said, "I had forgotten them. I did say I had not got anything, but I did it to save my sister. The par
<lb/>cels my sister gave me I used to bring out and leave at the cloak-room at Addison Road Station. Of course I knew they were stolen, because I knew my sister could not afford to buy such expensive things. I sent the dress to my sister last week"—I went into the kitchen—I said, "Have you anything else that does not belong to you?"—she said, "Only that cloak behind the door"—it was this silk-lined cloak—I took her to the station, where I confronted her with Susan, who was then in custody on the charge of stealing these things—I said to them, "I told your sister when I arrested her that from inquiries I had made your sister constantly took parcels from 66, Hailsham Road"—Susan said, "Yes, they contained some of the property. My sister asked on one occa
<lb/>sion where I got the things from, and I said I took them from Miss Evans' boxes, and she helped me down with other parcels after that, and I sent some away by Carter Paterson"—that statement was made in Emily's presence, who replied, "I don't remember it"—when the charge was read to Emily she made no reply—there was difficulty about search
<lb/>ing the house then because of sickness, but I subsequently returned, when the prisoner was remanded, and although she had made repeated state
<lb/>ments that she had nothing else, I found in the kitchen which Emily occupied a nurse's black cloak, which Miss Evans identified as hers—it had been cut at the bottom, as Emily is short and Miss Evans is tall—I also found that a flounce had been taken off this salmon-coloured dress.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-87" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-87" type="given" value="SARAH HARRIET"/>SARAH HARRIET EVANS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I was with the sergeant, and heard Emily say she knew her sister must have stolen them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-88" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-88" type="surname" value="LEEKINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-88" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN LEEKINGS</persName> </hi>. I live at the Star and Garter Hotel, Kew Bridge—I was a fellow servant with Susan at 66, Hailshan Road at one time—Emily came there almost every day, and she took several parcels away with her—when Susan came she brought one box, when she left she took two—Emily was there the day before Susan left, and saw the boxes go, and helped her down with them—Carter Paterson took the boxes away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I know nothing of what was inside the parcels.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-89" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-89" type="given" value="SARAH HARRIET"/>SARAH HARRIET EVANS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I make 66, Hailsham Road my London home—I am a trained registered nurse, and I stay with my friends there when I am in London, and I keep my property there—I think Susan had £16 a year and all found.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Emily's</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "I did not know they were stolen. I am not guilty."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Emily Mortimer, in her defence, stated that she had no idea the things her sister gave her were stolen, although she thought it funny.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-158-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-158-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-158-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080021"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SUSAN MORTIMER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<rs id="t18940108-158-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-158-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-158-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs>
<hi rend="italic">to
<rs id="t18940108-158-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-158-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-158-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>stealing a bracelet and other articles the goods of
<persName id="t18940108-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-90" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-90" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-90" type="given" value="LAVINIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-158-offence-2 t18940108-name-90"/>Lavinia Chapman</persName>, her mistress; and two dresses and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t18940108-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-91" type="surname" value="PESSE"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-91" type="given" value="FRANCIS EDMUND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-158-offence-2 t18940108-name-91"/>Francis Edmund Pesse</persName>, her master.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY</hi>
<rs id="t18940108-158-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-158-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-158-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-158-18940108 t18940108-158-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SUSAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-158-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-158-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-158-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-158-18940108 t18940108-158-punishment-14"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-159">
<interp inst="t18940108-159" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-159" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-159-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-159-18940108 t18940108-159-offence-1 t18940108-159-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-159-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-159-18940108 t18940108-159-offence-1 t18940108-159-verdict-1"/>
<p>159.
<persName id="def1-159-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-159-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-159-18940108" type="surname" value="MYGREN"/>
<interp inst="def1-159-18940108" type="given" value="FRANCIS VICTOR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS VICTOR MYGREN</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-159-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-159-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-159-18940108" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-159-18940108" type="surname" value="RICHFORD"/>
<interp inst="def2-159-18940108" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS RICHFORD</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-159-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-159-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-159-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18940108-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-94" type="surname" value="RUMSBY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-94" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-94" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-159-offence-1 t18940108-name-94"/>George Rumsby</persName>, and stealing a purse, key, knife, and £12, his goods and money.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POYNTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-95" type="surname" value="RUMSBY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-95" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE RUMSBY</persName> </hi>. am seaman—in December I was staying at the Sailors' Home, Wells Street, St. George's in the East—at 10.30 or 10.45 p.m. on 13th December I was in the Blakeney Head, at the corner of Cable Street, with Mygrens—Richford was there, and other people whom I did not know—Mygren had stayed with me before at the Sailors' Home, and we had got sociable, and I had lent him fifteen shillings—on this night he borrowed a half-crown of me to pay for drink—I took it from my right-hand pocket, where I had a purse containing seven pounds in gold, a five-pound note, a key and a knife—Mygren might have seen that money; I had my purse out when I lent him the fifteen shillings, and he had an opportunity of seeing it—I came out of the public-house about 11.15, and the prisoner and two others came out after me—I had only just shut the door when Mygren caught hold of me round the waist and Richford tore my trousers pocket out and got my purse, and then they went away—no other violence was used—I saw Mygren at the Sailors' Home after that and accused him of it—he never paid me back the 15s. I had lent him; he promised to do so, and then he said he would not give it to me—he said he knew who had got the money, he had not got it—I said he was worse than they were.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Richford.</hi> I don't know if you knew that I had any money—I had not seen you before the night you took my purse—I next saw you a week afterwards at Leman Street Police-station, where I picked you out from six or eight others—I did not see you afterwards at the Black Horse.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-96" type="surname" value="WENSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-96" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WENSLEY</persName> </hi> (402
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I took Mygren on 18th December in Ship Alley, from information and a description which I had received—I told him I was going to take him on a charge of robbery at the corner of Cable Street, on the 13th inst.—he said, "I was there, but I did not rob him, the others robbed him"—I took him to the Police-station; the prosecutor came and identified him at once—when I went with Inspector Pattenden to serve on him a statement as to further evidence, he said, "I did not take his money; the other man you have got here took it"—Richford did not hear that—on 23rd December I took Richford, after he had been discharged, in Mercer Street, Shadwell—he said, "What old
<hi rend="italic">lag</hi> is putting me away?"—at the station he made no reply to the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Richford.</hi> You also said, "Very well. I will go to the station with you."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-97" type="surname" value="NORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-97" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS NORRIS</persName> </hi> (313
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I took Richford on 18th December from a description—I told him the charge—he said, "I suppose that is another get-up"—I took him to the station—the prosecutor came and touched</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080022"/>
<p>him, and said, "That is the man"—he said nothing in reply to the charge—Mygren was not there then.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-98" type="surname" value="MYERS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-98" type="given" value="HERMANN"/>HERMANN MYERS</persName> </hi>. I am a printer's boy, living at 54, Pearl Street, St. George's—on Wednesday, 13th December, I saw Mygren in a public-house in Shorter Street—he treated me to drink which Rumsby gave him a half-crown to pay for—after that they all went out together—I saw a crowd a little way from the public-house door; the prosecutor was against the wall with his pockets turned out—I saw Richford there—I knew him before, and I had seen him in the public-house that evening—I went back to the public-house and spoke to the landlord.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Richford.</hi> I saw you standing two or three feet away; I did not see you doing anything to the man—the men had only gone out of the public-house two or three minutes when I looked out at the door of the public-house and saw the prosecutor with his pockets out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prosecutor holloaed out, "Police."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-99" type="surname" value="NEWBY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-99" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES NEWBY</persName> </hi>. I live near the Blakeney Head, and work at a greengrocer's stall—I was with Myers on 13th December in the Blakeney Head—we drank together—I saw the prisoners there—Mygren was with the prosecutor, who gave Mygren a half-crown, with which Mygren paid for three pots of ale—they came to 1s.—Mygren gave the 1s. 6d. to a man in the company—they all went outside together—I heard a noise, and looked from the door, and saw Mygren and the prosecutor—I did not hear the prosecutor call out, nor did I see Mygren doing anything to him—he came back to the public-house, and went out again—I saw Richford in the public-house, but I did not see him outside.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' statements before the Magistrate.—Mygren says</hi>: "I never robbed him."
<hi rend="italic">Richford says</hi>: "I am quite innocent; it is a got up affair between the inspector and the constable."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Mygren in his defence stated that he never touched the prosecutor; it was Richford who took the money.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Richford stated that he knew nothing of the matter, but that he had several times seen the prosecutor with Mygren.</hi>
<rs id="t18940108-159-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-159-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-159-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of robbery.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHFORD</hi>**†—
<rs id="t18940108-159-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-159-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-159-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-159-18940108 t18940108-159-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MYGREN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-159-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-159-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-159-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-159-18940108 t18940108-159-punishment-16"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-160">
<interp inst="t18940108-160" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-160" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-160-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-160-18940108 t18940108-160-offence-1 t18940108-160-verdict-1"/>
<p>160.
<persName id="def1-160-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-160-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-160-18940108" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-160-18940108" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-160-18940108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN RICHARDSON</hi>(53)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-160-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-160-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-160-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18940108-160-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-160-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-160-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>three indict
<lb/>ments for forgery and uttering endorsements on orders for the payment of money; also to embezzling £12 4s., £12 15s. 6d., and £4 11s. 6d., received by him for and on account of
<persName id="t18940108-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-101" type="surname" value="HUBBARD"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-101" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-160-offence-1 t18940108-name-101"/>Charles Hubbard</persName>, his master; and to a conviction of felony in January, 1890.* </rs>
<hi rend="italic">The prosecutor recommended him to mercy.—
<rs id="t18940108-160-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-160-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-160-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-160-18940108 t18940108-160-punishment-17"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-161">
<interp inst="t18940108-161" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-161" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-161-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-161-18940108 t18940108-161-offence-1 t18940108-161-verdict-1"/>
<p>161.
<persName id="def1-161-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-161-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-161-18940108" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-161-18940108" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-161-18940108" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES TURNER</hi>(60)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-161-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-161-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-161-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-161-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-161-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-161-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940108-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-103" type="surname" value="YEOMANS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-103" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-161-offence-1 t18940108-name-103"/>George Yeomans</persName>, and stealing certain moneys and goods;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to four other indictments for burglary and to a conviction of felony in July, 1884, at this Court.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-161-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-161-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-161-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-161-18940108 t18940108-161-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Years' Penal Servi
<lb/>tude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-162">
<interp inst="t18940108-162" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-162" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-162-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-162-18940108 t18940108-162-offence-1 t18940108-162-verdict-1"/>
<p>162.
<persName id="def1-162-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-162-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-18940108" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-18940108" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-18940108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN EVANS</hi>(40)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-162-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-162-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-162-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-162-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-162-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-162-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to attempting to steal money, the property of
<persName id="t18940108-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-105" type="surname" value="STAFF"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-105" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-162-offence-1 t18940108-name-105"/>Albert Edward Staff</persName>, from a collecting box in
<placeName id="t18940108-geo-1">
<interp inst="t18940108-geo-1" type="type" value="site"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-162-offence-1 t18940108-geo-1"/>St. Augustine's Church</placeName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940108-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-106" type="surname" value="SWANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-106" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-162-offence-1 t18940108-name-106"/>John Swanson</persName>, with intent to steal.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-162-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-162-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-162-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-162-18940108 t18940108-162-punishment-19"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-163">
<interp inst="t18940108-163" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-163" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-163-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-163-18940108 t18940108-163-offence-1 t18940108-163-verdict-1"/>
<p>163.
<persName id="def1-163-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-163-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-18940108" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-18940108" type="surname" value="LOCK"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-18940108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LOCK</hi>(23)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-163-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-163-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-163-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-163-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-163-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-163-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to bur
<lb/>glary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940108-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-108" type="surname" value="TAPPIN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-163-offence-1 t18940108-name-108"/>John Tappin</persName>, and stealing a watch and chain and other property, and to a conviction of felony in May, 1892.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-163-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-163-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-163-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-163-18940108 t18940108-163-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080023"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday and Wednesday, January</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-164">
<interp inst="t18940108-164" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-164" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-164-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-164-18940108 t18940108-164-offence-1 t18940108-164-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-164-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-164-18940108 t18940108-164-offence-1 t18940108-164-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-164-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-164-18940108 t18940108-164-offence-1 t18940108-164-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-164-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-164-18940108 t18940108-164-offence-2 t18940108-164-verdict-3"/>
<p>164.
<persName id="def1-164-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-164-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-18940108" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-18940108" type="surname" value="BUSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-18940108" type="given" value="JOSEPH HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH HENRY BUSH</hi> (47)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-164-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-164-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-164-18940108" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-164-18940108" type="surname" value="PRIESTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-164-18940108" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES PRIESTLEY</hi>(22)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-164-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-164-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-164-18940108" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def3-164-18940108" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="def3-164-18940108" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES COX</hi>(56)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-164-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-164-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-164-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, Feloniously setting fire to the dwelling-house of Cox on 17th October, a person being therein, with intent to injure and defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CHARLES MATHEWS, HORACE AVORY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HEWITT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Bushy, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Cox.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-112" type="surname" value="WILLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-112" type="given" value="FRANK GEORGE"/>FRANK GEORGE WILLETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-officer E</hi>) produced and proved plans of the premises in question.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-113" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-113" type="given" value="DAVID JOHN"/>DAVID JOHN EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am a carman and contractor, of 30, Eagle Street, Holborn—I have stables there adjoining the Bricklayers' Arms Public-house—on the 16th October, between eight and nine in the evening, I saw Bush going out of Eagle Street into Red lion Street; he was going away from the Bricklayers' Arms—I went with him to a public-house in Red Lion Street—he said he had lost a good bit of money at the Brick-layers' Arms, and he wanted to be moved out of there quite early in the morning, when nobody was about, and he wanted a man who could hold his tongue as to where he was going—I had previously moved some goods for him, two lots; one lot in the receding August (it was furniture)—we took one lot to a private house at Barking Creek and one lot to the Wood-man, at Greenwich—that was about nine months before, at the beginning of the year; that was also furniture—he said he would see me again about it on the Wednesday morning; that would have been the 18th—I took the furniture out of the back window into the yard—there was about a van load on each occasion—I left him about nine on the evening of the 16th—at about twenty-five minutes past twelve I was in another yard of mine near my yard, near the Bricklayers' Arms, and just afterwards I saw the house closed—I saw some lights put out, and after that I saw a light behind the bar, moving about, and I saw Alfred John Torr come out—I then went down my yard at the side of the Bricklayers' Arms, and I saw that everything was right—I went down Red Lion Street, and about ten minutes after I heard a police whistle—I then ran back, and saw smoke coming out of the door and fanlight—I burst in one of the doors in Eagle Street, leading into the bar, and went into the bar, but the smoke was too dense to go there—the bar was full of smoke, and it smelt like straw—I ran up the yard, thinking it was the yard alight—as I came back I saw Cox looking out of the back bedroom window, with a lighted candle in his hand—the window was open—I said to him, "Do you know the place is on fire?"—he said "Yes"—I said, "Where is young Bush?"—he said, "He is gone for the engine"—I said, "Wait a minute, and I will get you out," and with the assistance of a constable I got a ladder, and got him down the ladder—I saw that he was burnt about the hands and face, and his hair was singed a bit—I asked him how he managed to set the place on fire—he said, "I was going down into the cellar to see that all was right, when I slipped and fell, knocking over a half-bottle of brandy; the candle fell into it and it flared up, and in trying to extinguish the flames I got burnt"—I took the candle out of his hand—soon after
<lb/>wards he was taken to the hospital by a policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. It was on the Monday night I saw Bush; he then said he thought of having the furniture moved on the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080024"/>
<p>Wednesday—I believe he lived at Barking—he left me about nine o'clock, and went towards Holborn, away from the Bricklayers' Arms—I did not see him any more that night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. I know the Bricklayers' Arms very well—as far as I knew Cox was the manager, and resided with his wife on the premises—his wife went away on the previous Saturday—when I moved the furniture in August I took away pretty well everything—Bush, his wife, and boy were then living there—on the night of the 16th I saw Torr being let out; that was just after closing time—somebody came to the door with a candle and let him out; I did not see any other light—my attention was not called to it at the time as extraordinary; within five or ten minutes I heard the whistle—the smoke was very thick inside when I first opened the door—the window at which I saw Cox standing was the one over the taproom window—I don't know that the shed under that window was a kind of old urinal; I don't know what it was—I think it would have been dangerous for a man of Cox's build to get out of that window—he seemed very dazed—his face was very badly burnt—he made this statement about five minutes afterwards—he was coming to a bit then, he knew what he was about—it was in the passage leading to our yard.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I knew that Mrs. Cox had left the premises on the Saturday—I did not see her go; I heard the remark passed that night in the street; Cox had not said anything to me about it—I never went into the house—I was not in the habit of using it—some of the tiles on the shed were gone; the rafters were there, and a good bit of the tiles—part of it had been glass, but all the glass was out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-114" type="surname" value="BUSH"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-114" type="given" value="JOSEPH HENRY"/>JOSEPH HENRY BUSH</persName> </hi>, Jun. I live at 10, The Wharf, Barking—I am four
<lb/>teen years of age—I am the son of the prisoner Bush—up to the time of this fire I was living at the Bricklayers' Arms—at that time my father and mother were living at Barking—father used to go down at night; he slept at Barking, but came up to the Bricklayers' Arms every day—at this time Cox was living there—he was there about three months before the fire—I remember his coming there; he did not bring in any furni
<lb/>ture—Mrs. Cox came with him; she stayed there until a few days before the fire—when she left she took with her two cats and a canary; that was all—I generally slept in the top room front—on the night of 16th October I slept in the first floor back, over the taproom, under which there was a shed or lean-to—I slept there that night because Mr. Cox told me that two gentlemen were coming to sleep in my room that night—I went to bed between ten and eleven—as I was going up Cox said, "You go into my bed, Joe, because two gentlemen are coming to sleep in your room"—I went to bed and went to sleep—I awoke up and saw some smoke in my room, and saw Mr. Cox in the room with a lighted candle in his hand; he held his other hand like that, and was blowing it—I asked him what was the matter—he said, "All right, Jack, all right" he told me to go to bed, that I was all right—I had got out of bed and sat on the side—he went downstairs again and I went into bed—I stayed in bed about five minutes—I was awoke by Cox coining upstairs again—I got out of bed and sat on the side of it—I asked what was the matter—he said, "Nothing; go to bed, you are all right, Jack"—he stopped there till I got out of the window—I was going to get a chair to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080025"/>
<p>get out of the window—I looked through the door and saw smoke coming from the passage way—I believe Cox remained in the room, I forget now—I then got out of the window—I first threw out my clothes and got on to a ledge, and went for the fire engine—Cox did not tell me to get out and go for it—he did not throw my socks and boots out of the window, I left my socks upstairs—paraffin lamps had been kept at the Bricklayers' Arms, not used; there were some kept there till about six months back, they were sold then—after that there was no paraffin, lamp in the house—on the night of the 17th I went up to bed about eleven—at that time my father was playing dominoes with a man named Kenwick—there were two others; I did not notice them—my attention was arrested by someone screaming "Fire!"—I ran up the stairs and through the bar parlour out into Edwards' yard and through the gate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. It was Cox who told me to sleep in the other room on the night of the fire—I don't know at what time my father left the house that night, I was at work—next morning he arrived about eight—the firemen were then in charge of the house—on the night of the second fire I did not notice how many customers there were in the house; I did not see any—I only heard my father say, "Fetch some more water"—I did not see where that fire broke out—I know the recess under the staircase; spirits were kept there—there was straw there, used for Cox's dog, which used to sleep there—there were two boxes there; they had pint bottles of spirits in them wrapped in straw—I don't know what spirits they were—I think some had whisky—I never saw my father go to that cupboard after Cox had come to the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. I had been living in the house for some time; I did not go into the cellar very often—I am not sure that there was not a small spirit lamp in the cellar used occasionally; I never noticed one—on the night of the first fire I was woke up by Cox; he was blowing on his hand; I did not notice his face at that time—he left the room and I dozed off—I was awoke by his coming in again; there was more smoke then—he did not help me out of the window—I was rather alarmed, and frightened and nervous about the fire; I will swear that he did not help me out of the window—I threw my things out; my coat, not my trousers—I forget whether I put them on in the room; I believe I threw them out—I got out in my night-shirt; I got my feet on a little shed under the window, and got down; Cox did not prevent me—he was there against the gas-pipe; his face was pretty red—I threw out my boots, and left my socks; he did not throw them out—I did not put anything on in the yard, except my trousers—I went to the Fire-station—Cox did not tell me to go there—I took the window out of its frame; he did not help me to do it; I could take it out myself—it was never properly put up—it had no rope on it, and one part of it was out—I lifted it up; he did not help me—it was an ordinary window with eight small panes of glass—I did not notice that he was very much dazed and confused—I did not know that he was going to move out of this public-house, and go to another—his wife was ill, and was going to some of her friends on the Saturday—I saw she was ill; that was reason she left, she said so herself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mrs. Cox told me she was ill—when Cox came into the room on the night of the fire he spoke all right—the window spoken of had the sash-lines broken; you can't push it up properly, it drops down—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080026"/>
<p>you have to take it right out to get out—I got down the shed, and dropped—the dog was there on the 16th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I last saw any bottles of spirits about a week before the fire—I have noticed small jars in the parlour; they were not in any box or anything—I don't know where they came from—there are two jars there now, empty—I never lifted them up to see whether they were full.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-115" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-115" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK ROBINSON</persName> </hi> (251
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). On 17th October, about one a.m., I was called to the Bricklayers' Arms—I went up Edwards' yard, and saw Cox standing at the window of the first-floor back with a lighted candle in his hand—with Edwards' assistance we got a ladder, and got him out of the window—he was burnt about the face and hands and arms, and his hair was singed all over his head—I took him to King's College Hospital, where he was seen by a doctor—on the way there he said he had been down into the cellar to see that all was correct, and, returning back, he stumbled and dropped the lamp he was carrying, he said it was a paraffin lamp, that it exploded, and in trying to put it out he got burnt—he said he found his way upstairs, and put the boy out of the window to get some assistance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. After we got him out of the window we took him into the street—I remained with him all the time—he did not get into a cab; he walked—I did not hear him make any statement to Edwards—if he had done so I should have heard him—on the way to the hospital I asked him how it had happened—I will pledge my oath to the exact words he used—I did not think it an important statement; I listened to what he said—he did not say that he had a spirit lamp in one hand and a bottle in the other, I swear that—I am not in the habit of taking state
<lb/>ments orally; if I know the person is going to be charged, I trust to my memory—I paid attention to what he said; I did not think it important—it was not till a month afterwards that Sergeant Nicholls spoke to me, then I wrote it down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He said he dropped the lamp he was carrying—he said it was a spirit lamp—I can hardly remember whether he said "paraffin" or not; I am not quite sure whether he said paraffin or spirit lamp, or one or the other—he said one of them; I could not say which.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-116" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-116" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS ROBINSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sub-Inspector E</hi>). I have charge of the licensing business in my district, which comprises the Bricklayers' Arms—about one in the early morning of 17th October I went to the Bricklayers' Arms; I found it on fire—I saw Cox standing outside—I said to him, "Where is Bush?"—he said, "He is not in town"—I said, "Have you wired to him? If not, we will do so"—he said, "I can't tell his address"—I said, "How did this happen?"—he said, "I was going into the cellar, and broke a bottle of brandy, and then dropped the candle into it"—that was all that occurred between us at the time—smoke was then issuing from the premises, but the fire was well under; the firemen were there, and engines were in the street—on 7th September Bush was summoned to Clerkenwell Police-court for an offence against the licensing laws, for serving drink out of hours on Sunday—he was convicted, and fined 5s. and 2s. costs—he was the licensed holder—before that summons was heard Cox had given notice that he was going</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080027"/>
<p>to apply for a protection order with a view to the license being made over to him—he gave notice verbally, and I entered it on the usual form—the parties attended on 12th August, and Cox told me that he was going to buy the business of Bush, and Bush was going to buy the house that Cox had recently been keeping, namely, the Woodman in George Street, Greenwich—Cox afterwards said that the brewers would not grant him the loan, and Bush subsequently sought my advice in respect to Cox being allowed to hold the license—I said after what had passed at the Police-court I thought Cox would be allowed to hold it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. I heard that there was some negotiation in progress between Bush and Cox for the transfer of the license—I made inquiries about Cox, as he was the incoming tenant, not about Bush, as he was the outgoing tenant; inquiries would have been made when he came in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. Cox had been previously the holder of a licensed house—the negotiations about the transfer were before Bush's conviction; my advice was asked afterwards, and I said there was not a chance of consent—when Cox was giving his explanation of the fire, I did not see Police-constable Robinson there; he might have been there, there were several police there; Cox may have re-entered the house; the fire was well under—I did not see him go in—when he came up, Police-constable Robinson was not with him; he was standing at the door of the house—I could not say whether Robinson was standing with him—this was in the middle of the night, and a mob of people—I don't know whether Edwards was there; I did not see him—the statement was made aloud, so that those who were by could hear, and in the presence of another officer—we were surrounded by police and a crowd—I thought the statement was important, to some extent; I have given it to the best of my knowledge—he said nothing about a lamp.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-117" type="surname" value="MUNDAY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-117" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER MUNDAY</persName> </hi>. I am a fireman of the Metropolitan Fire Brigade—on the morning of 17th October I was on duty at Theobald's Road station—at 12.55 I was called by a stranger to a public-house in Eagle Street, and about the same time the fire alarm from Bedford Row rang up—my station is only about nine minutes' run with the engine from the Bricklayers' Arms—I turned out both a manual engine and an escape—on arriving at Eagle Street I found a fire in the basement of the public-house; it was coming up through the cellar, making way through the ground floor, level with the street—I got a hydrant in use and ex
<lb/>tinguished the fire—the flames were coming up through the floor—in the meantime other engines arrived; we made up our hose and went back to the station, leaving one man behind—I did not make any examination then, only looked round to see that there was no fire left—I saw a broken bottle down below, in the basement, on a shelf, not on the floor; that was about six feet from the fire—when I left the premises the fire was thoroughly extinguished—there was no possible chance of its breaking out again, from the amount of water put on it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. The tire had not attacked the staircase—it was not under the staircase, it was down in the basement, in what is known as the spirit-room, and was making its way through the floor, through the ceiling of the cellar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. I did not notice any particular</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080028"/>
<p>smell—I was in the cellar before the fire was out—we took a branch down there—I might not have noticed a smell; it did not strike me—I was busily engaged in putting the fire out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-118" type="surname" value="BIRCH"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-118" type="given" value="THOMAS CHARLES"/>THOMAS CHARLES BIRCH</persName> </hi>. I am foreman fireman of the Metropolitan Fire Brigade at Farringdon Street station—on the morning of 17th October, about five minutes to one, I received a call from Holborn—I turned out and went to Eagle Street and found the fire at the Bricklayers' Arms—it was not extinguished when I got there—Munday was there at work with a hydrant; it was eventually put out—I afterwards made an examination of the cellar, both the outer and inner cellar—the cellar was reached by an almost perpendicular step ladder—the cellar was underground and quite dark—the inner cellar was a room about nine or ten feet square—I examined the wooded partition; it had been burnt all round the upper part of it, on the two sides of the woodwork, and the brickwork—the woodwork was all burnt—the staircase was almost immediately over the partition, but not quite—the boarding was burnt all round; the fire had gone all round the partition—the direction of the fire was peculiar; there were no goods or anything to make it take that direc
<lb/>tion from where it originated—there was some oust in one corner, right under the window—I should suppose that was where the fire broke out—there were several barrels in the outer cellar; all that I tapped were empty—I might say I tapped all of them—I might possibly have missed one, but I don't think I did; all that I tapped were empty—I saw no bottles there, or any broken ones on the floor—I saw the gas meter in the outer cellar—I examined it; the cock was turned off—I saw no remains of any candlestick or lamp there—I was there for about forty minutes—by the time I left the tire was extinguished—I left a fireman in charge—about eleven the same night I received another call to the same public-house—I went there with a steamer; I was preceded by Hipsy, one of my men—at the time I arrived the fire had been extinguished—my attention was directed to a recess under the stairs on the ground floor, imme
<lb/>diately above the ladder leading down to the cellar—the recess had a wooden partition running across it, immediately under the staircase, above the partitioned-off wine cellar in which I had been that same morning—I there saw some straw which had been lighted underneath, and some loose wood—some had been pulled out and some had been left—some of it had been on fire, and had fallen down into the basement—it smelt very strongly of paraffin; it seemed to be all saturated with paraffin—I did not smell anything particular about the recess itself, but about the wood—I saw Bush there, and called his attention to the paraffin—he said, "I generally keep about half a gallon of paraffin in a bottle in that recess"—he also said, "I don't know how the fire occurred, I am sure. Priestley had been in the cellar previous to the fire to put on a cask of ale. Priestley put on the ale and came up the steps or ladder to go into the bar, and he put a lighted candle into this recess. He had a candle in a candlestick, and he put this candlestick with the candle alight into this recess, on the top of the ladder, and then went into the bar and tried the engine to see if he had put the beer on right. During that time, or before he could get back to go down into the cellar again, the fire had occurred"—that was the substance of all he said to me—when I looked into the recess I did not see the remains of any bottle there, nothing except the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080029"/>
<p>loose wood and straw, no candlestick or lamp or anything of that kind—the side of the staircase was slightly charred, and also some of the wood
<lb/>lining of the recess.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. When I arrived the fire in the recess was partly out—I do not know that it had been put out by Bush—there are two recesses; it was the top recess, directly above the wine
<lb/>cellar—there would be about eighteen inches between the shelf and the floor—the ceiling of the wine-cellar was blackened; the fire was making its way through the flooring; it ran right up the lath partition, right up the brickwork, from the wine-cellar—I did not make any note at the time of what Bush said—it is possible that he might have said, "I generally
<hi rend="italic">kept</hi> about half a gallon of paraffin in a bottle," or "keep"; I could not be positive which; he might have said "kept"—he said Priestley had been in the cellar; I don't think he said, "I suppose he had"—the wood in the recess smelled very strongly of paraffin—I say positively that this fire was caused by paraffin—I might have said at the Police-court, "I could not swear that the second fire was caused by paraffin"—what I meant to infer was this: I could not tell who set the place on fire, but I had no doubt that paraffin had been an active agent in the matter—in my report I marked the cause of the fire "doubtful"—if it had been caused by paraffin, I should not have marked it as caused by paraffin; I should put "doubtful"—by "doubtful" I mean almost amounting to incendiarism—when I was called I saw no one in the house; there had been people in the house—we should be there in about five minutes of the first call.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. I "saw Munday there at the first fire; he was there before me—I did not see any empty bottles in the cellar—I can't say what there was; I did not look for them; I did not see any bottles, empty or broken—I did not detect any smell of paraffin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Priestley.</hi> When I saw you in the street I cannot tell where you came from—I saw you afterwards in the bar parlour; Bush was there, the police inspector, and the engineer from Holborn, and at times Hipsy—I asked you how the fire occurred, and you made a statement, not to me—I did not take anything down in writing; you made it to the inspector.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-119" type="surname" value="HODGE"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-119" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE HODGE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Hodge, a tailor, and occupy the second floor at 13, Eagle Street, next door to the Bricklayers' Arms—I know Cox and Bush—on the early morning of 17th October I was aroused by the fire—between nine and ten that morning I was at my door with Mrs. Bedou and Alfred Torr, when Bush came down the street from Red Lion Street—I jokingly said to him, "Were you trying to burn us down last night, Joe?"—he said, "What harm if the whole b—lot was burnt to the ground, a lot of old houses like they are?"—I and Mrs. Bedou both spoke together, "How about us and the children?"—he said, "You could b—well make some more; what do I care about you and
<hi rend="italic">your</hi> children as long as my boy Joey is all right?"—Mrs. Bedou said, "How about the horses at the back, in Mr. Edwards' stable?"—he said, "B—them, let them run"—then he said, "Had my house been burnt to the ground I should have had a new one built up for me"—Mrs. Bedou said, "Then you must be insured, Joe?"—he said, "Yes," and walked away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. Only Alfred Torr was there when</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080030"/>
<p>this took place—he heard the conversation—I only said it in a joke to begin with—I should think he answered it in a joke by the way he laughed—he laughed when he looked up at his house—he was speaking loud; we could all hear distinctly what he said—I have known him well ever since he took the house—I used to be a customer there, and Mrs. Bedou too.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-120" type="surname" value="BEDOU"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-120" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BEDOU</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Henry Bedou, 13, Eagle Street, next door to the Bricklayers' Arms—in the early morning of 17th October I was in bed with my husband and one child six weeks old; my five other children were in the back room—I heard the alarm of fire—my husband woke me, and I heard the engines coming down the street; it frightened me very much—I could not get out of my bed; my husband lifted me, and put me on my feet—later in the morning I saw Bush at the street door—I was with Mrs. Hodge—he said, "Mother Bedou, how did you get on?"—I said, "How do you think I got on with six little children in a scrimmage from the fire?"—he said, "I am very glad my little Joey is all right"—I said, "Yes, but how about my six children?"—"Oh!" he said, "make some more"—I said, "Look at the horses at the back"—he said, "B—them, let them run"—I said, "Are you insured, Mr. Bush?"—he said, "Yes," and went in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. I was standing with Mrs. Hodge, and heard this—there were lots of people standing about—he spoke out loud—Mrs. Hodge spoke, but I was so terrified I hardly knew what to do—I had to get the children to school, and get back to work—this was between nine and ten—I had seen Bush pass that morning—I could not tell how many people there were about; about eight or nine about our door, and others across the way—they were all conversing about the fire—I used the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He was speaking to both of us—we both stood on the door-step—he stopped us.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-121" type="surname" value="TORR"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-121" type="given" value="ALFRED JOHN"/>ALFRED JOHN TORR</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at 4, Sand land Street, Holborn—I know the three prisoners—I have used the Bricklayers' Arms a good many years—I have seen the three prisoners there from time to time—I was there on Monday night, the 16th October—about seven that evening I went down into the cellar with Priestley; he lime-whited part of the cellar—I held the candle while he did it—I left the premises soon after seven—I came back about ten, and remained till closing time, about half-past twelve—I did not go away with the rest of the people; Cox asked me to stop behind as he had a little job down in the cellar to do, and he wanted me to hold the candle for him—I helped him to close the house, and after that he showed me a white deal box in the tap-room about two feet wide and thirteen long, and asked me to bring it down in the cellar with me—I did so, going down the step ladder leading from the passage to the cellar—he followed me down with a candle; he told me to put the box into the place where Priestley had been lime-whiting, the inner cellar—he did not go in there with me—he did not tell me where in the cellar to put it, he merely pointed to the place at the side of the wooden partition near the door, and I put it there—there was some straw in the box, nothing else; it seemed to me as if a dog had been sleeping in it—I then took the candle and held it while he tilted a barrel of ale in the other cellar—he did not go into the other place at all—after he tilted the ale he said, "I have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080031"/>
<p>not as much to do down the cellar as I thought for"—he turned the gas off the meter in the outer cellar—the candle was the only light we had in the cellar—we then returned upstairs—I was carrying the candle—he turned off the gas-burners in the bar—they were not alight at that time—the gas was alight when we were going into the cellar—when he turned off the burners we were in darkness—the only light in the house was the candle I had—he then came to the door with me and let me out, and shut the door after me—at the time I left there was no sign what
<lb/>ever of fire in the house—it was then about ten minutes or a quarter to one, as near as possible—the candle was never near the box with the straw after I put it there—after leaving the house I went home—I was just undressing when I heard the police whistles, and I went back to the pre
<lb/>mises about half-past one—I went into the bar and down into the cellar; the salvage men were there—I went and looked at the place that had been partitioned off, and saw there had been a fire, and saw a small part of the box burnt to a cinder, and the straw was all burnt—I only saw Cox as he was going to the hospital; I did not speak to, him—I saw no more of him after that—I then left the premises—I returned next morning between nine and ten—I saw Bush there—he was having a conversation with Mrs. Hodge and Mrs. Bedou; I heard part of it—I spoke to him—I said, "This looks all right, don't it, being burnt down like this, having a fire here last night?"—he did not answer me—he was talking to the females—that was all the conversation I had—that same afternoon, about five, I was again at the Bricklayers' Arms; I saw Priestley and Bush behind the bar—Priestley had been employed there some few months before, but not then—he asked me to come to a coffee-shop with him in High Holborn, and while we were having refreshment we were talking about the fire that happened on the Monday night or Tuesday morning—he said,
<hi rend="italic">"Alf</hi>, they made a bad job of it last night; I will get something to-night to smoulder; if it comes off all right I shall get some money for it"—I told him to leave it alone—he said nothing more—he said nothing about my seeing anything, as I remember—I returned with him to the Bricklayers' Arms—Bush was still there—I remained there off and on—during the evening I saw Bush and Priestley behind the bar whispering to one another—Priestley went downstairs towards the cellar between nine and ten; he came back in about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour and whispered to
<hi rend="italic">Joe</hi> (Bush) while
<hi rend="italic">Joe</hi> was playing at dominoes in the public bar—I saw him go over to him and whisper in his ear, and afterwards Bush said, "Go down into the cellar and see what is the matter with the engine, as four ale is all off"—he went down, and was there about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour—I went into the tap-room to talk to a friend, and whilst talking to him I saw flames coming from beneath the staircase, under the flooring of the recess, and I saw Priestley run up the ladder—I saw nothing in his hand—he said, "Tell Joe the cellar is on fire," and he ran out of the house—Bush got up from the table where he was playing dominoes, and stood by the end of the bar—two or three neighbours and myself went and got some pails of water and threw on the fire—I got the water from the opposite house—Bush did not assist at all to put out, the fire while I was there; he was standing there, just by the end of the bar—I did not hear him say anything—the firemen were soon on the scene, and the fire was ex
<lb/>tinguished</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080032"/>
<p>—I stayed there till it was put out, and then left—I afterwards saw Priestley with the inspector—I said something to the inspector directly he arrived—I did not speak to Priestley again that night—on the Saturday before the fire, the 14th October, I was on the premises, and I fetched a cab for Mrs. Cox; she was living on the premises up to that time; she paid me for fetching the cab—I saw her go away—she took with her two or three large bundles of clothing, two cats, and the bird—it was about eight in the evening.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. It was on the 16th that I was assisting in whitewashing the cellar—Priestley was employed about the premises then; he had been employed as potman before—that was before Cox's time; when Cox came Priestley ceased to be potman, but he used to do odd jobs—I knew that Cox was taken to the hospital and was there on the evening of the second fire, and that Priestley was with Bush—I don't know that he was acting as potman then—I was not aware that something had gone wrong with the engine—I know that Priestley went down to put on the ale—no beer was drawn the first time he went down; the second time there was—when I saw the lames coming from the recess Bush was playing dominoes—there were about a dozen customers in the house then—I did not at once communicate to the police the conversation with Priestley, because I did not believe he was really serious at the time—he did not mention Bush's name in the statement—Bush did not take any notice of the fire; he did not evince the slightest anxiety—I have been a customer at the house twelve years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. I had not much money to spend there; I have been out of employment latterly—I am not a great friend of Cox's, or Bush, or of Priestley, only by working together—when I went down with Priestley to whitewash it was the first cellar we went into—he whitewashed under the stairs; it did not smell of paraffin—there were a good many empty bottles about the place on the shelf; I should think about a dozen—I did not see any full ones; all I saw had the corks out—I saw none with the corks in—it was early in the morning that the cellar was whitewashed—I did not think it suspicious—only one thing caused my suspicion while whitewashing, Priestley did the walls and left the joists of the ceiling—he was down there about an hour and a half—he went up and asked Cox if he should do them or not, and Cox sent down word that they were not to be done, and Priestley came down and told me—later on Cox asked me to stay and go down into the cellar with the box—it was not very heavy, it was nearly full of straw; he could have carried it quite as well as I could—when Mrs. Cox went away on the Saturday I did not know that she was ill; she said something about being ill—the dog was left behind.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have known the house twelve years—it was an old house, mostly woodwork inside, only one staircase running up through it—it was out of repair, both inside and out, and had been getting worse—Bush had been there about twelve months; he was constantly there up to 16th October—directly after the fire, when I saw the police inspector, I communicated with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-122" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-122" type="given" value="WILLIAM ROBERT"/>WILLIAM ROBERT SMITH</persName> </hi>. I was house-surgeon at King's College Hospital on 16th October—I saw Cox there, about six or seven hours after he was brought there—he had severe burns on both arms, his face</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080033"/>
<p>and hair were badly singed, and one of his knuckles—afterwards in con
<lb/>versation I asked him how this occurred—he did not give any explanation—he said it was while putting the fire out—I did not go into that question at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. He was in the hospital about three weeks, he was very severely burnt—it was very possible to have been in endeavouring to put out the fire; they must have been very painful—after such burns I should think he would be in a dazed condition, that is often the effect.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-123" type="surname" value="HIPSEY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-123" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>CHARLES WILLIAM HIPSEY</persName> </hi>. I am a fireman in the Metropolitan Brigade—on 17th October, about eleven p.m., I was called to a fire at the Bricklayers' Arms—I should say there were between eight and nine persons in the bar when I got in—I saw a fire burning in the recess under the stairs; it was a quantity of rough firewood—I noticed a smell of paraffin—I saw Bush in the bar—I asked For an old mat to extinguish the fire with, and he got it immediately.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. I do not recognise Priestley as being there—there were bits of wood burning in the recess—when I first noticed Bush he was standing in front of the bar, looking, about ten or twelve feet from the fire.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Priestley.</hi> I could not say who it was who took the mat from me; somebody did, and helped to extinguish the fire at the bottom of the steps I could not recognise you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-124" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-124" type="given" value="BENJAMIN GEORGE"/>BENJAMIN GEORGE WEST</persName> </hi>. I am an engineer in the Metropolitan Fire Brigade—on the 17th October, about-eleven at night, I had a call, and went to the Bricklayers' Arms—I did not see any dog there—during the night I inspected the place with Police Sergeant Nicholls—I was with him when a stone jar was found at the back of the bar parlour—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—it was in a small covered way, a kind of coal cellar—it was empty—it smelled of paraffin, and as if it had contained beer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. It smells of paraffin now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-125" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-125" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant E</hi>). On 18th October, about Half-past twelve in the early morning, I went to the Bricklayers' Arms in the company of the last witness; I found this stone bottle—I smelled it at the time; it smelled strongly of paraffin and slightly of beer—I found it in a little place used as a coal cellar at the back of the back parlour; it was a covered court way—I examined the recess under the stair-case where the fire had been; I found there a quantity of rough firewood, straw, and partly-burnt paper—the recess smelled very strongly of paraffin, and the wood I took possession of was saturated with paraffin—I showed this bottle to Bush at the Police-station, and asked him if he could give me any account or explanation with reference to it—he at first said that he had never seen the bottle in his life before—he afterwards said that he had seen it yesterday, when the fireman was at the Bricklayers' Arms—he did not mention any particular time—I asked him if he could ex
<lb/>plain how the wood had paraffin on it—he said, "No, only that Priestley might have upset the bottle when he went down to put the beer on"—Bush and Priestley were then charged with setting fire to the premises—Bush said he knew nothing about it—Priestley made no reply in my hearing—on 20th October I went to King's College Hospital, and there saw Cox—Inspector Everett in my presence told him that he had taken</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080034"/>
<p>statements from Joseph Bush, Mr. Edwards, and the man Torr—I read those statements to Cox, and told him that whatever he said would be taken down in writing by me, and might be used at the Police-court—he was not then in custody; I had gone there for the purpose of arresting him—he then made a statement which I took down in writing, and have here in my book. (
<hi rend="italic">Reads</hi>: "I turned the gas out, and upset the spirit lamp in the cellar. After I had turned off the gas, or whilst doing so, I fell over a cask, and the lamp exploded and set the cellar on fire. Mr. Hastings had sent about two gallons of gin, two gallons of port, and about two of whisky away; it was taken to the Bricklayers' Arms, in Little Clarence Street, Seymour Street. Bush told me that Mr. Evans and Mr. Salt were going to sleep with me. The reason I asked Torr to take the box containing the straw down into the cellar after closing time was be
<lb/>cause I had no room upstairs for it. I bought two quarts of paraffin oil myself on Monday afternoon at a little shop in New Oxford Street I put the bottle in the yard. After I met with the accident in the cellar I went to my bedroom, where young Bush was. He said to me, 'The place is on fire.' I said, 'No; I don't think it is;' but I told him to get out at the back window and fetch the engine. He did so. I threw his socks and boots out of the window, and Mr. Edwards came in, and I was taken to the hospital. After Torr had taken the box downstairs I let him out at the front door, and returned to the cellar to put the gas out. I did not say anything to Edwards about the brandy, to my recol
<lb/>lection. I was simply acting as servant to Mr. Bush, and carrying on the business for him")—I read that statement over to Cox—he said it was true—I did not ask him to sign it; he could not, he was in bandages—I arrested him on the 16th November, when he was discharged from the hospital—Bush told me that Cox managed the house for him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I had never seen Bush before the 18th of October; not with reference to the fire—I knew him at the public-house—I wrote down this statement on the 18th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. The 20th was the first day I went to the hospital to see Cox—I called afterwards from time to time; three times a week—I did not see him each time—I did not tell him I was going to arrest him until I arrested him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-126" type="surname" value="EVERETT"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-126" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES EVERETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector E</hi>). On 17th October, about eleven p.m., I went to the Bricklayers' Arms—I there saw Hipsey, the fireman—he called my attention to some wood and paper in the recess under the stair-case—I examined it—it smelt strongly of paraffin oil—at that time Torr made a statement to me, after which I arrested Bush, and after making inquiries of Priestley, I told him I should take him into custody for setting fire to the place—he said he knew nothing about it—Priestley was not in the house at the time—I made inquiries, and found that he had left—later I saw him in Eagle Street; he was pointed out to me, and I took him into custody and charged him with being concerned in setting fire to the place—he made no reply—I afterwards saw him and Bush at the Police-station, when they were charged—on the 17th October Priestley made a statement to me—that was between the time I charged Bush and the time I arrested Priestley—I took him into a back room, where I told him I should arrest him, and he then made the statement—he said, "I was asked by the landlord to put a barrel of ale on;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080035"/>
<p>I put the candle under the stairs, the girl said it was put under the wrong tap. I found it did not draw; I afterwards found it alight, and called to Mr. Bush, 'Joe, there is a fire.' I turned the tap on, and threw water. I did not know of anything, and went away."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. That statement was made in the back bar—I arrested him outside, and took him off.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. It was on the 13th that I saw Cox at the hospital—I did not then tell him that I was going to arrest him; I had made up my mind to—I told him I was an inspector, and that Nicholas was a detective, and I read these statements to him—I told him that any
<lb/>thing he said might be used against him at the Police-court—I did not mean to trap him into some admission—I knew I could pot Arrest him then, because he was very ill—I have here the statements that I read up him—I took down this statement of Edwards, young Bush, and Torr, the day after the remand at the Police-court, after they had given their evidence—I did not put any questions to Cox; Nicholls asked him if he had bought any paraffin oil, and he told him "Yes"—no other questions were put to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Priestley.</hi> I arrested you outside in Eagle Street; you were not standing outside the private bar—at the station we sat down till two o'clock, while Nicholls went back to the fire, and searched the place.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I did not put down the date when the statements were taken—I have been an inspector six years—I sometimes date my memorandums—the evidence of the witnesses had been given at the Police-court—these statements were taken at the station; I believe I furnished them to the Solicitor for the Treasury—Sergeant Nicholls was with me when I took the statements—I mentioned it to Inspector. Robinson; he saw them; I did not show them to him—I did not show them to the Solicitor for the Treasury or anybody else until this morning—I was never asked for them—I did not make any copies of them; there were copies made of further statements—no copy of these was furnished to anybody. (
<hi rend="italic">The witness again read the statement by Torr</hi>)—I have not got Edwards' statement in this book; I did not read that; I did not take a statement from Edwards before I went to the hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>. This (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the statement of Edwards, dated 23rd October; it is Sergeant Nicholls' writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-127" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-127" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK TAYLOR</persName> </hi> (424
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). I was present at the fire at the Brick-layers' Arms on 17th October, about a quarter past eleven—Bush was handed over to me by Everett; I took him to Hunter Street Police-station—on the way he said, "I told Priestley to go into the cellar and tap the last barrel of beer, two minutes afterwards I saw smoke coming through the floor. I know there was a jar of something down the cellar, but I did not know what it was, as the other things were sent away to Barking."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. I took this statement of Bush about twelve the same night, when I got to the station—I did not read it over to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-128" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WILLIAMS</persName> </hi> (6
<hi rend="italic">E R</hi>). About eleven on the night of 17th Octo
<lb/>ber I went to the Bricklayers' Arms—I saw little Bush coming out of Edwards' yard, in his shirt sleeves, a pair of trousers and shirt, but no</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080036"/>
<p>boots or stockings—I pushed open the door leading into the bar, and Priestley came out into Eagle Street—I did not go into the house—I saw the flames right in front of me, as I had the door open—I remained there some little time—some water was brought and thrown over the flames before the firemen arrived—afterwards, acting on instructions from Everett, I took Priestley into custody, and took him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. There were at least a dozen per
<lb/>sons in the bar—Bush was sitting at a table on the left, with four or five others—they got up when I opened the door—none of them tried to ex
<lb/>tinguish the fire; they did not make any effort at all—Bush remained there till after the firemen arrived, and then he went in, and the doors were closed—I did not see him get a mat; it was a small fire, but a large blaze.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Strangers brought the water.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called for documents, which were produced, showing the owners of the premises to be the Rev. diaries Smith and E. A. Smith, of Essex Street, Strand.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-129" type="surname" value="PUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-129" type="given" value="THOMAS OWEN"/>THOMAS OWEN PUGH</persName> </hi>. I am a brewer, of Home Park, Surbiton—I was the mortgagee of the Bricklayers' Arms, Eagle Street—on 3rd October, 1892, I assigned the leasehold interest in the premises for the remainder of an unexpired term to the prisoner Bush—this is the assignment—the lease is from 25th March, 1878, for twenty-one years, expiring in 1899. (
<hi rend="italic">Other assignments were produced, ultimately one leaving the possession of the premises to Bush upon payment of</hi> £375)—£90 was paid in cash, leaving £285 on mortgage of October 23rd, and costs to be paid by him—a rent was reserved of £50 a year under the original lease—that was paid to the solicitors for the owners, Messrs. Guscott, of Essex Street—Bush took out the license within a few days of the assignment by Guscott and Co.—he asked me to lend him £10 or £20 to pay for the license.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. I did not know Bush till he came and asked for the loan, in the usual way of business—I own a good many houses of this kind—there was a stipulation that Bush should get his beer from me—it was not through his getting beer elsewhere that I threatened to foreclose—I did not threaten to for close; one of our representatives no doubt complained—we were under the impression that he was going to dispose of the property to Cox, and that we should be paid off—I very likely went to Mr. Dean and made a bitter complaint—I am not aware that in consequence of that we sent in some beer the day before the 16th October—I should not know that personally—I knew that some rent was owing—I was not aware how much.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. I believe Guscott and Co. had possession of the policy of insurance—I never had it; I never mentioned anything about it to Bush.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-130" type="surname" value="CORNWALL"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-130" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CORNWALL</persName> </hi>—I am clerk to Messrs. Guscott, solicitors, of Essex Street—we acted for the owners of this property, Rev. C. F. Smith and E. A. Smith—the building was insured in the British Law Fire—I pro
<lb/>duce the policy; it is dated 30th June, 1891, for £600—the rent reserved by the original lease is £50 a year—Bush entered into possession in 1892—he paid one quarter's rent to Christmas, 1892—three quarters' rent was owing at the time of the fire—several applications were made for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-131" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-131" type="given" value="HARRY WILLIAM"/>HARRY WILLIAM SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Westminster Fire Office</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080037"/>
<p>—I produce a proposal in the name of Joseph Henry Bush to insure the contents of the Bricklayers' Arms, dated 27th October, 1892, for £300; £150 on household goods, £125 on stock and utensils, and £25 for six months' rent—the policy was issued the same day; it is endorsed to James Cox on 11th September, 1893; it is not signed—there was no notification to the office of any transfer of the interest in that policy—in our books it is "Joseph Bush"—no claim has been made on the office for any damage done to the premises on either of these occasions.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. On the face of the policy there is this memorandum: "This office, in case of loss, will only be liable for rent for six months, as the building may be untenantable in case of fire"—I believe the assessors handed in a claim—the premium was paid down to December, 1893.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-132" type="surname" value="LEACH"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-132" type="given" value="EDWIN ARTHUR"/>EDWIN ARTHUR LEACH</persName> </hi>. I am a surveyor, of 143, Cannon Street, City—in the interests of the Westminster Fire Office, on the 17th October, in the afternoon, I went to the premises and saw Bush, and told him I had come from the Westminster Office as to the fire which had occurred that morning—I handed him a similar form to this, and told him to fill it up and send it to me—there was very little furniture in the house; a little bedding, two or three chairs, and a table, I think; that was practically all; I did not take a list of the things—I asked him as to the amount at which he estimated his loss; he said £25—the form has never been sent back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-133" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-133" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN EVANS</persName> </hi>. I live at 46, Somers Street, Earl Street, Wands
<lb/>worth—I am a managers' agent and public-house broker—I was at the Bricklayers' Arms on the evening of 16th October—about seven that evening I remember some things being removed from the premises, four jars of spirits and one jar of port; I think three were gallon jars, and two two-gallon jars—it is a fully licensed house—Cox and Bush were there, and Priestley was about—he helped to put the jars in the cab—they were brought from the bar parlour by Cox and Bush—the cab was sent for—Bush, I think, made up the things—I heard him say, "The street is clear now"—that was before the cab was sent for—Priestley and the cabman put the spirits in the cab—I got into the cab and drove away with the spirits; first of all to a public-house, another Bricklayers' Arms, in Little Clarendon Street, Somers Town—they would not take the spirits in there; that house was going into the same brewers' trade—I afterwards took them to the cloak-room at Euston Station, and left them there for the night—I next went to the Bricklayers' Arms—it must have been about seven to half-past, on Tuesday morning, the 17th—I saw Bush—I did not tell him what had become of the spirits—he did not ask me, that I am aware of—I was acting under the instructions of the brewers' solicitors in the removal of these spirits—the reason they would not take them at the public-house was because the permit was not regular—there was no conversation about it with Bush afterwards—I did not stay five minutes—I did not see Bush—I returned with the idea of finding Cox, and I then heard he was in the hospital—I believe the spirits have been seized by the Commissioners of Excise—I was informed so at Bow Street—I did not take any more interest in them—Mr. George Crow, the brewers' solicitor, employed me to take them to the public-house, and they had refused to take them in, and I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080038"/>
<p>then took them to the cloak-room at Euston, as a parcel—I had been trying to get a loan of £500 on the trade done at the Bricklayers' Arms, the third week in August, 1893—the negotiations extended down to the first week in October—I could not get the loan be
<lb/>cause the freeholder required between £200 and £300 spent in repairs on the premises before granting a new twenty-one years' lease—it might have been between £300 and £400 in the first instance; it was afterwards reduced—I tried for the loan in more than one quarter, and was unsuccess
<lb/>ful in any—I told Cox so, and also Bush.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi>. The spirits were removed that day, owing to instructions from the brewers' solicitors, Messrs. Crow and Fletcher; the brewers were Thomas Phillips and Co.—they gave me reasons for the instructions—I knew that Cox was going to move out of this house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. Cox told me he was going to leave that week or the next, and we had an engrossing of the purchase of the Three Greyhounds in Greek Street, Soho—I have the agreement here; it was actually signed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I first knew that I was going to take the spirits away on 16th October, between eleven and twelve—I never spoke to Bush directly regarding the matter, not even when he was helping to bring them from the bar parlour—the goods were invoiced to Cox.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>. I was not going to sleep there that night—nothing was ever said about my sleeping there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. A Mr. Salt was there that evening; he is a personal friend of mine; he had called in thinking to catch me there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I did not suppose he was going to sleep there that night; it was never suggested—he left with me; he went with me with the spirits in the cab.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BUSH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COX</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-164-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-164-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-164-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-164-18940108 t18940108-164-punishment-21"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-164-18940108 t18940108-164-punishment-21"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude each</rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRIESTLEY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-164-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-164-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-164-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against Priestley for </hi>
<rs id="t18940108-164-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-164-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-164-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>
<hi rend="italic">feloniously setting fire to the same premises on the</hi>
<rs id="t18940108-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-164-offence-2 t18940108-cd-1"/>17th October</rs> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">, upon which no evidence being offered the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">returned a verdict of</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-164-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-164-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-164-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-165">
<interp inst="t18940108-165" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-165" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-165-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-165-18940108 t18940108-165-offence-1 t18940108-165-verdict-1"/>
<p>165.
<persName id="def1-165-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-165-18940108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-165-18940108" type="surname" value="WHARTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-165-18940108" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA WHARTON</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-165-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-165-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-165-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18940108-165-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-165-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-165-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> to stealing a clock and other articles, the property of the
<persName id="t18940108-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-135" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-165-offence-1 t18940108-name-135"/>Army and Navy Stores</persName> Company.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-165-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-165-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-165-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-165-18940108 t18940108-165-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognizances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-166">
<interp inst="t18940108-166" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-166" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-166-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-166-18940108 t18940108-166-offence-1 t18940108-166-verdict-1"/>
<p>166.
<persName id="def1-166-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-166-18940108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-166-18940108" type="surname" value="NORMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-166-18940108" type="given" value="GEORGINA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGINA NORMAN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18940108-166-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-166-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-166-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, to unlaw
<lb/>fully attempting to commit suicide, by taking poison.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-166-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-166-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-166-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-166-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-166-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-166-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-166-18940108 t18940108-166-punishment-23"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-167">
<interp inst="t18940108-167" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-167" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-167-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-167-18940108 t18940108-167-offence-1 t18940108-167-verdict-1"/>
<p>167.
<persName id="def1-167-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-167-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-18940108" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-18940108" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK ROSE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18940108-167-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-167-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-167-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, to unlawfully attempting to commit suicide by taking poison.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-167-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-167-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-167-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-167-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-167-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-167-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-167-18940108 t18940108-167-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-168">
<interp inst="t18940108-168" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-168" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-168-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-168-18940108 t18940108-168-offence-1 t18940108-168-verdict-1"/>
<p>168.
<persName id="def1-168-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-168-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-18940108" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-18940108" type="surname" value="MASKELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-18940108" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MASKELL</hi>(26)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-168-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-168-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-168-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940108-name-139" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-139" type="surname" value="ROWLANDS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-139" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-168-offence-1 t18940108-name-139"/>Robert Rowlands</persName>, and stealing eleven plants and eleven flower-pots, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-140" type="surname" value="ROWLANDS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-140" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT ROWLANDS</persName> </hi>. I live at 40, Burdett Road, Mile End; it is a private house—I closed it on Dec. 29, and retired to rest at eleven p.m.—about 4.40 a.m. a constable knocked at the door; I went out, and saw him with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080039"/>
<p>the prisoner in custody—I found the ground floor window open, and eleven flower-pots, 2 hyacinth glasses, and two flower-stands were removed from the area—the value of the whole lot is about half-a-crown—there were marks on the window as if it had been forced by a knife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-141" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-141" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES FREEMAN</persName> </hi> (437
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). I was on duty in Burdett Road, and saw that Mr. Rowlands' premises were secure—about 4.40 I noticed that the bottom sash had been forced up, and eleven flower-pots had been shifted from the window and laid on a bed in front of the area—I turned my light on and found the prisoner trying to conceal himself in a corner of the area—I caught him by his hands and knocked at the door, and the prosecutor came—my sergeant was passing, and I told him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-142" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-142" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROBERTSON</persName> </hi> (35
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). I examined this window, and found marks outside the catch, as if it had been forced by some instrument—the prisoner said, "I did open the window and shift the flower-pots, but I did not enter the house; you can only make it an attempt"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence.</hi> Do you think anybody could force the catch with
<lb/>out a knife; nothing was found on me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-168-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-168-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-168-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>** to a conviction of burglary on September</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-168-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-168-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-168-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-168-18940108 t18940108-168-punishment-25"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-169">
<interp inst="t18940108-169" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-169" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-169-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-169-18940108 t18940108-169-offence-1 t18940108-169-verdict-1"/>
<p>169.
<persName id="def1-169-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-169-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-18940108" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-18940108" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-18940108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DAVIS</hi>(39)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-169-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-169-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-169-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t18940108-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-144" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-144" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-169-offence-1 t18940108-name-144"/>George Bell</persName>, with intent to resist his lawful apprehension.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ST. AUBYN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-145" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-145" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK EVANS</persName> </hi>. I live with my father at 59, Ashton Street, Limehouse—the prisoner lodged in the same house—on 18th December, about 11.30 p.m., I took my two sisters to their bedroom—as we passed the prisoner's door the girls got frightened of him, and shut their door. (
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner is a negro</hi>)—he then came out on the landing and pointed a revolver at us; I knocked it out of his hand, and he went into his room and shut the door.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You pointed it at me and Joseph Sedgwick.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-146" type="surname" value="SEDGWICK"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-146" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SEDGWICK</persName> </hi>. I am apprentice to a coppersmith, and live in this house—I was with Mark Evans—we passed the prisoner's door, and he came out on the landing and pointed a revolver at us—it was knocked out of his hand—I went for the police; they came and he said he would shoot any man who put his head in at the door—I heard seven shots fired, and I saw the bullet marks on the wall—he was sober; he is a teetotaler—I had had no quarrel with him—I heard a noise at seven o'clock, and he said he had put some shots in the fire.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was in the yard when you came home—I did not use bad language—you said at the Police-court that I had a revolver, but I had not—I did not threaten you if you came downstairs; you go to bed about twelve o'clock, and go down for water and swear on the stairs—I went upstairs because you frightened the girls—I have not fired shots after you, when you went down for water; I have got no firearms—the old man never went upstairs, he was in bed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-147" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-147" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BELL</persName> </hi> (306
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On December 18th, about 11.30, I was called to this house, and went up to the prisoner's room—I called him by name, and said that the charge was threatening the inhabitants of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080040"/>
<p>house with a revolver—he said, "I won't come out"—I pushed the knob of the door, but could only open it three inches—he said, "I pity the man that puts his nose in here; I will shoot him"—I saw the muzzle of a revolver come round the door, and he fired five shots—I then burst the door open—it was barricaded, and directly I got in he presented the revolver at me—I got hold of it, and he fired; the bullet passed me—I caught hold of him, and he fired again, making seven shots—I took down what he said at the station—he said, "I fired four with the big one and three with the little one."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see people throw stones at the window.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-148" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-148" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK KELLY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 308
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I was with Bell, and saw these shots fired—one of them hit me on my leg, after ricocheting from the wall—the prisoner said at the station, "I fired four shots with the big one and three with the little one, to frighten him"—there are two revolvers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-149" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-149" type="given" value="WESLEY"/>WESLEY EDWARDS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant H</hi>). I went to 59, Ashton Street, and found three holes in the door of the prisoner's room, and three in the door opposite, evidently made by bullets, and another bullet-hole in a door on the right side of the prisoner's room, almost opposite his door—when he was charged he said, "I did not intend to hurt them, only to keep them away; I fired four with the big one, and three with the little one"—I found a revolver in his room on a chair, with six barrels loaded—I also found a second revolver—I compared the bullets with the holes, and they fitted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was a hole in the door—the panel had been almost battered in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "I wanted to go down-stairs; they would not let me. I got my revolver out. They threatened to kick me downstairs. I said I would shoot them if they came near my place—one of the shots exploded in the fire, and they were frightened."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence.</hi> When I came home they were always threatening to cut throats.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18940108-169-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-169-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-169-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the first Count only.—</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-169-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-169-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-169-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-169-18940108 t18940108-169-punishment-26"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1894.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-170">
<interp inst="t18940108-170" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-170" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-170-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-170-18940108 t18940108-170-offence-1 t18940108-170-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-170-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-170-18940108 t18940108-170-offence-2 t18940108-170-verdict-1"/>
<p>170.
<persName id="def1-170-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-170-18940108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-170-18940108" type="surname" value="WEEDON"/>
<interp inst="def1-170-18940108" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLOTTE WEEDON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18940108-170-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-170-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-170-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-170-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-170-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-170-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to marrying Charles Stephen Atkinson during her husband's lifetime,</rs> and
<persName id="def2-170-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-170-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-170-18940108" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-170-18940108" type="given" value="CHARLES STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES STEPHEN ATKINSON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18940108-170-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-170-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-170-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to aiding and abetting her in the commission of that offence.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-170-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-170-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-170-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-170-18940108 t18940108-170-punishment-27"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-170-18940108 t18940108-170-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognizances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-171">
<interp inst="t18940108-171" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-171" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-171-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-171-18940108 t18940108-171-offence-1 t18940108-171-verdict-1"/>
<p>171.
<persName id="def1-171-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-171-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-171-18940108" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def1-171-18940108" type="surname" value="NUTH"/>
<interp inst="def1-171-18940108" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD NUTH</hi> (58)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-171-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-171-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-171-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to making false entries in books and accounts belonging to the
<persName id="t18940108-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-153" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-171-offence-1 t18940108-name-153"/>Union Bank of London</persName>, his masters.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-171-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-171-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-171-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-171-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-171-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-171-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-171-18940108 t18940108-171-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-172">
<interp inst="t18940108-172" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-172" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-172-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-172-18940108 t18940108-172-offence-1 t18940108-172-verdict-1"/>
<p>172.
<persName id="def1-172-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-172-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-172-18940108" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-172-18940108" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-172-18940108" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PEARCE</hi>(26)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-172-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-172-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-172-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-172-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-172-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-172-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing an overcoat and vest, the property of
<persName id="t18940108-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-155" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-155" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-172-offence-1 t18940108-name-155"/>William Henry Hall</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a gelding, cart, harness, and whip, the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t18940108-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-156" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-156" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-172-offence-1 t18940108-name-156"/>Henry Collins</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a blanket and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18940108-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-157" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-157" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-172-offence-1 t18940108-name-157"/>William Ward</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a conviction of felony in September; 1887.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-172-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-172-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-172-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-172-18940108 t18940108-172-punishment-29"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-27">
<interp inst="t18940108-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-27" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-18940108 t18940108-27-offence-1 t18940108-27-verdict-1"/>
<p>(173).
<persName id="def1-27-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18940108" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18940108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BAKER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18940108-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering an order for the payment of 5s.—</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-27-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-27-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-27-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-18940108 t18940108-27-punishment-30"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognizances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-174">
<interp inst="t18940108-174" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-174" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-174-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-174-18940108 t18940108-174-offence-1 t18940108-174-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-174-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-174-18940108 t18940108-174-offence-1 t18940108-174-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080041"/>
<p>174.
<persName id="def1-174-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-174-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-174-18940108" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-174-18940108" type="surname" value="LOCKYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-174-18940108" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER LOCKYER</hi>(31)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-174-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-174-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-174-18940108" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-174-18940108" type="surname" value="VAUGHAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-174-18940108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN VAUGHAN</hi>(23)</persName>,
<rs id="t18940108-174-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-174-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-174-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-174-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-174-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-174-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>to breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18940108-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-161" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-161" type="surname" value="TRAFFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-161" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-174-offence-1 t18940108-name-161"/>Sarah Ann Trafford</persName>, and stealing a cruet-stand and other articles</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VAUGHAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>* to a conviction of felony in June, 1887,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOCKYER</hi> was also indicted for having been convicted of felony in June, 1887, to which he.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED NOT GUILTY</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BRUCE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-162" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-162" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED WARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant E</hi>). I was present at the South London Sessions on 7th June, 1887, when the prisoner, in the name of
<persName id="t18940108-name-163">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-163" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18940108-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-name-163 t18940108-alias-2"/>Robert Kinghorn</rs> </persName>, was sentenced to five years' penal servitude for larceny from the person, after a previous conviction for felony—I produce the certifi
<lb/>cate of his conviction—the prisoner is the man; I had him in my custody, and I knew him before—I did not have him when he was convicted before, but I had him under observation when he was on ticket-of-leave; he reported himself at my station—before his conviction he was under remand for two or three weeks, and under my notice then—he was re
<lb/>leased in 1892—I did not see him again till he was in custody—the de
<lb/>scription of him is "Five feet high, scar at back of head and on forehead, vaccination marks on left arm, birthmark on belly, and mole on left buttock."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I do not know you personally well, but I have seen you—I saw you at Bow Street, and I then said I knew you. (
<hi rend="italic">Dr. Millar was directed by the Court to examine the prisoner.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-164" type="surname" value="MILLAR"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-164" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER MILLAR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Divisional Surgeon of Police</hi>). I have examined Lockyer—there is a distinct scar on the back of his neck, but no scar on the back of his head, as described here; it is evidently the result of a carbuncle—he has three distinct and old-standing scars on the right side of his forehead and one on the left side—vaccination marks are very dis
<lb/>tinct on his left arm; you might find those in almost every instance—I attach no importance to that as a mark of identification—he has no birth-mark on his belly or mole on his left buttock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-174-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-174-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-174-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOCKYER</hi>
<rs id="t18940108-174-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-174-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-174-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-174-18940108 t18940108-174-punishment-31"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VAUGHAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-174-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-174-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-174-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-174-18940108 t18940108-174-punishment-32"/>Fourteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-175">
<interp inst="t18940108-175" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-175" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-175-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-175-18940108 t18940108-175-offence-1 t18940108-175-verdict-1"/>
<p>175.
<persName id="def1-175-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-175-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-175-18940108" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-175-18940108" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="def1-175-18940108" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-175-18940108" type="occupation" value="handyman and carpenter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED NEALE</hi>(26)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-175-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-175-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-175-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of £19.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">C. F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-166" type="surname" value="DENNY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-166" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>THOMAS WILLIAM DENNY</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the City Bank, Ludgate Hill branch—Mr. Alfred Henry Gibson, of Crane Court, Fleet Street, has an account there—on Friday, 22nd December, this cheque for £19, No. 50330, purporting to be drawn by Mr. Gibson, was presented to me over the counter by the prisoner—I noticed it was a cancelled cheque, and I told the prisoner it was cancelled—he said, "Perhaps he has given me the wrong one"—I walked into the manager's office with the cheque, leaving the prisoner standing at the counter—I returned in about two minutes, and I told the prisoner, who was still there, that the manager would like to see him—I showed him into the office, and left him with the manager—about two minutes afterwards I saw the prisoner leave—I next saw the prisoner at Bridewell Police-station, where I pointed him out from eight or nine men—I have not the slightest doubt he is the man I saw in the bank.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080042"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-167" type="surname" value="GIBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-167" type="given" value="ALFRED HENRY"/>ALFRED HENRY GIBSON</persName> </hi>. I am a photo-etcher, on the third floor at 4, Crane Court, Fleet Street—Messrs. Banks, printers, occupy the rooms underneath, and sometimes their establishment is open all night, so that anyone could pass from the printing office up to my office—my outer door is provided with a very large slit for a letter-box, and it was possible to put a hand in the slit and pull back the catch of the door if you knew how to do it—I kept my cheque-book in a cupboard in the office—the prisoner was in my service as a handy man for six or seven weeks, leaving about the second week in September—my office consisted of two rooms on the same floor, with no partition dividing the rooms, so that the prisoner would have had an opportunity of seeing me go to the cupboard and using my cheque-book—he would have nothing to do with taking my pass-book to the bank—I did not pay my employees by cheque—I had this cheque-book of 100 forms in October—this cheque of 22nd December, 1893, is one of the forms from that book—it is not written or drawn by me—it is one of two stolen from the book—I drew no cheque between 12th December and the theft of the two forms—I have not seen the other stolen form—I did not miss them till I had information from the bank—I then looked at the cupboard, and found that the lock of the cupboard had several scratches on it—the prisoner was a carpenter; when with me he was there as a carpenter, but he occasionally watched the printing of the photographs—he was not a clerk, and had no familiarity with cheques or cheque forms—the scratches looked as if the lock had been forced back by using a sharp instrument—there were plenty of tools about the place—the cashier described the man who had tendered the cheque, and I recognised from his description a person who had been in my service—on 28th or 29th December I found him in custody—I think a hard knock on the side of the cupboard would shut the door again—I afterwards looked for my cancelled cheques, and could not find them all; one or two were missing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OAKLEY</hi>. I am the manager of the Ludgate Hill branch of the City Bank—Denny came and showed me this cheque on 22nd—I saw it was cancelled, and I saw the man who presented it; to the best of my belief the prisoner is the man—I asked him where he got the cheque from, whether Mr. Gibson gave it to him—he said, "Yes"—I kept it, and told him he had better ask Mr. Gibson to call.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-168" type="surname" value="BRYAN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-168" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BRYAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant, City</hi>). At half-past seven on 28th December the prisoner was brought to Bridewell Station—I had had a description of him from Gibson and Denny, which was accurate as regards the prisoner—I said to him, "Do you know what you have been brought here for?"—he said, "Something about a cheque"—I said, "You will be charged with breaking and entering an office on the third floor of No. 4, Crane Court, Fleet Street, between the night of 21st and the morning of 22nd, and stealing two cheques from Mr. Gibson's cheque-book; also with forging and uttering one on the City Bank, Ludgate Hill, for the payment of £19, with intent to defraud"—I showed him the cheque—he said, "It is very much like my writing, but I know nothing whatever about it"—I said, "You need not say any
<lb/>thing further without you desire to do so; whatever you say I shall have to give in evidence against you"—he said, "I shall say something. I know nothing whatever about it"—next day he selected his own position among</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080043"/>
<p>seven others—Mr. Denny identified him at once—he was charged by Mr. Gibson with the forgery—the charge was read to him—he made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-169" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-169" type="surname" value="LYNES"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-169" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY LYNES</persName> </hi>. I live now at Evergreen Villas, Rectory Road, Hornsey—the prisoner lodged with me at 4, Harringay Grove, Hornsey, leaving about twelve months ago, after being with me about fourteen months—I have from time to time seen him write—to the best of my belief this cheque is in his undisguised writing—he was a carpenter—this, paper is also in his writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, contended that it was a case of mistaken identity.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-175-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-175-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-175-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-176">
<interp inst="t18940108-176" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-176" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-176-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-176-18940108 t18940108-176-offence-1 t18940108-176-verdict-1"/>
<p>176.
<persName id="def1-176-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-176-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-176-18940108" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-176-18940108" type="surname" value="GODDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-176-18940108" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GODDEN</hi>(35)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-176-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-176-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-176-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering an order for the delivery of a clock.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, for obtaining from
<persName id="t18940108-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-171" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-171" type="given" value="PERCIVAL JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-171" type="occupation" value="jeweller and watchmaker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-176-offence-1 t18940108-name-171"/>Percival John Hall</persName> a clock by means of a forged memorandum.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. E. BEARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-172" type="surname" value="HULL"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-172" type="given" value="PERCIVAL JOHN"/>PERCIVAL JOHN HULL</persName> </hi>. I am a jeweller and watchmaker, of 28, Seven Sisters Road—on 21st November the prisoner came in, and my assistant handed me from him an envelope addressed to me—I opened it—it contained this memorandum, which purported to come from Crisp and Co., about a clock which a customer wished to purchase—I did not altogether like the style of the memorandum, and I said, "All right, I will send it over"—I did not do so—ten to fifteen minutes afterwards the prisoner came again, and said, "You have not sent that clock over"—I said, "No. I was just going to do so"—he said, "The customer is getting very annoyed and impatient; shall I take it over for you?"—I said, "Yes"—he signed for it in the book, "J. Jenkins"—I said, "How do you want the invoice made out, and how about discount?" because I have business transactions with Crisp, and it was rather unusual for them to send a memo of this kind—the prisoner said, "You are to make the bill out in full"—I made out the invoice to Crisp, and gave the clock to the prisoner, who went away—on the 27th or 28th December I was called to the station, and I identified the prisoner immediately from ten or twelve others—I am certain he is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had not, to my knowledge, previously seen the man—to the best of my knowledge, I told the policeman he was a man 5 ft. 6 in or 7 in. high—the men he was put among may have been 5 ft. 10 in. or 11 in.—I would not swear that the prisoner was the only one 5 ft. 6 in.—I gave a description to the police sergeant—I had no occasion to pay attention to the other men, as I knew the prisoner directly I saw him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He was in my company for three or four minutes, while I was wrapping up the clock; and he was waiting the first time he came for perhaps two minutes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-173" type="surname" value="FERNEX"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-173" type="given" value="CHARLES DE"/>CHARLES DE FERNEX</persName> </hi>. I am chief clerk and cashier at Messrs. Crisp's—this order was not written by Mr. Harrison, one of the firm.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-174" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-174" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HARRISON</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the firm of Messrs. Crisp—this order was not written by me or with my authority.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I temporarily engaged the prisoner in November as china salesman—he remained one week, conducting himself well, but we had no further use for his services, and he was discharged—these memorandum forms are in use at our place, and any of our servants could</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080044"/>
<p>possess themselves of them without our missing them—we employ between 250 and 300 men.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-176-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-176-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-176-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-177">
<interp inst="t18940108-177" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-177" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-177-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-177-18940108 t18940108-177-offence-1 t18940108-177-verdict-1"/>
<p>177.
<persName id="def1-177-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-177-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-177-18940108" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-177-18940108" type="surname" value="GODDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-177-18940108" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GODDEN</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t18940108-177-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-177-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-177-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> for forging and uttering a request for the delivery of a clock.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, for en
<lb/>deavouring to obtain from
<persName id="t18940108-name-176" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-176" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-176" type="given" value="AMBROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-176" type="occupation" value="jeweller"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-177-offence-1 t18940108-name-176"/>Ambrose Jones</persName> a clock by means of a forged letter.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. E. BEARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi>,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-177" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-177" type="given" value="AMBROSE"/>AMBROSE JONES</persName> </hi>. I am a jeweller, of 368, Holloway Road—on Decem
<lb/>ber 28th the prisoner came in and handed me this note on a memorandum form of Messrs. Treherne, drapers. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated that Lady Ross was making purchases, and they would be obliged if a clock could be sent in at once, together with the bill, as site desired to settle before leaving. It was signed</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOS. TREHERNE</hi>)—in consequence of something I heard I went over to Treherne's, and returned from there with a constable, and gave the prisoner into charge for attempting to obtain goods by fraud—he made no reply—as he was going to the station I picked up these two envelopes and these two papers, which dropped from his pocket—one is a memo
<lb/>randum form of Messrs. Crisp and Co., and the other a form of Marsh and Co., Kentish Town.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was absent ten minutes from my shop, I should think—when I returned the prisoner was just outside my shop; he had just left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-178" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-178" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GORDON</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Treherne, draper and general dealer in the Holloway Road—this order was not written by me, nor with my authority—I do not know the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-179" type="surname" value="GUNTON"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-179" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY GUNTON</persName> </hi> (425
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). On 28th December I was called by Mr. Jones to his shop, where he gave the prisoner into custody and charged him with obtaining a clock under a forged order; he said nothing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-180" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-180" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Wright, jeweller, 420, Hol
<lb/>loway Road—towards the end of November the prisoner came in and gave me this letter on a form of Crisp and Co. (
<hi rend="italic">Asking for a clock to be sent</hi>)—Mr. Wright was not in, and I could not let the prisoner have the clock—I next saw him at the Police-station, and picked him out from about twelve others—I am certain he is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18940108-177-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-177-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-177-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-177-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-177-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-177-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-177-18940108 t18940108-177-punishment-33"/>Twelve Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-178">
<interp inst="t18940108-178" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-178" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-178-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-178-18940108 t18940108-178-offence-1 t18940108-178-verdict-1"/>
<p>178.
<persName id="def1-178-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-178-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-178-18940108" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-178-18940108" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-178-18940108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN KING</hi>(45)</persName>
<rs id="t18940108-178-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-178-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-178-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18940108-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-182" type="surname" value="CHUMLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-182" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-182" type="occupation" value="shoemaker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-178-offence-1 t18940108-name-182"/>John Chumley</persName>, and stealing 1s. 4d. from him.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-183" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-183" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>MR. ARTHUR HUGHES</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-184" type="surname" value="CHUMLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-184" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CHUMLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 6, Lannon Place, Whitechapel Road, and am a shoemaker—at 2.30 p.m. on 27th December, I was in Brady Street when three men met me and held me against the wall under the railway arch—one man put his hand in my breast pocket—the prisoner came across the road while the other three men held me, and took 1s. 4d. out of my left trousers pocket—they threw me down, and I knocked a piece off my knuckle against the wall—the men walked slowly away—I got up and followed behind as fast as I could—I did not lose sight of them till the constable ran after them—I had had a glass, but I was not drunk; I was walking home—I was sober enough—when the men seized me I began</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080045"/>
<p>to holloa—the same evening I saw the prisoner at the Station-house—I did not pick him out; I recognised him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> My hand was in my pocket not ten minutes before you took my money—you took my money; it was not in a purse.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-185" type="surname" value="GOLDING"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-185" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GOLDING</persName> </hi>. I live at 62, Linden Buildings, Shacklewell Street, and am a cabinet maker—on 27th December, about 2.30, I was in Brady Street with my daughter Laura, aged fifteen—just as I got under the arch I saw three fellows round the old man, holding him up, and one of them was picking his inside pocket; my daughter called my attention to it—the prisoner came across the road and put his hand into the old man's left trousers pocket, and then withdrew his hand, which was closed—the four men all went off together, and as they did so the old man fell—I followed the four men and kept them in sight till I came to a policeman opposite the Junction—I made a communication to him, and he followed them and captured the prisoner—I saw the prisoner at the station, and at once recognised him as the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-186" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-186" type="surname" value="GOLDING"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-186" type="given" value="LAURA"/>LAURA GOLDING</persName> </hi>. I am daughter of the last witness, and live with him—on 27th December, at 2.30, I was with him in Brady Street—I saw three men holding the old man up against the wall—I passed them in the road, and when I turned to look I saw the prisoner come across the road and put his hand into the prosecutor's left trousers pocket and draw it out again—the men left; I followed behind my father—I saw the prisoner next day in the Court at Worship Street before the magistrate—I recognised him as the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18940108-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-187" type="surname" value="TALBOT"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-187" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES TALBOT</persName> </hi> (77
<hi rend="italic">J</hi>). On 27th December George Golding made a communication to me, and pointed out the prisoner and three others together—I chased the prisoner—he turned and saw me running, and the men all separated—I chased the prisoner through the streets till he turned into a street where there was no way out at the other end—he tried to force his way into an empty house—as he was leaving the door I arrested him—he asked what I wanted him for—I said, "For being concerned with other men in robbing a man in Brady Street"—he said he had done nothing, and that he ran because other people were running—he refused to give his address—I took him to the station, where the prosecutor and the witness identified him—the prosecutor came to the station at 2.45; he was the worse for drink; he had had a little too much.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated he was walking under the arch when six or seven men came along with their arms up, and he was frightened, and ran away.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18940108-178-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-178-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-178-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of Robbery.—</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18940108-178-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-178-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-178-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-178-18940108 t18940108-178-punishment-34"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-179">
<interp inst="t18940108-179" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-179" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-179-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-179-18940108 t18940108-179-offence-1 t18940108-179-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-179-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-179-18940108 t18940108-179-offence-1 t18940108-179-verdict-1"/>
<p>179.
<persName id="def1-179-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-179-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-179-18940108" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-179-18940108" type="surname" value="FOOT"/>
<interp inst="def1-179-18940108" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR FOOT</hi>(20)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-179-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-179-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-179-18940108" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-179-18940108" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="def2-179-18940108" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD PEARCE</hi>(20)</persName>,
<rs id="t18940108-179-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-179-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-179-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs>
<rs id="t18940108-179-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-179-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-179-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> to stealing three envelopes, three pieces of paper, and an order for the payment of £1 13s., the goods of
<persName id="t18940108-name-190" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-190" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-190" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-179-offence-1 t18940108-name-190"/>James Williams</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PEARCE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to a conviction of felony at this Court in May, 1892, in the name of
<persName id="t18940108-name-191">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-191" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18940108-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-name-191 t18940108-alias-3"/>Arthur Lobb</rs> </persName>,
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<persName id="t18940108-name-192">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-192" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18940108-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-name-192 t18940108-alias-4"/>Jones.</rs> </persName> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18940108-180">
<interp inst="t18940108-180" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18940108"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-180" type="date" value="18940108"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-180-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-180-18940108 t18940108-180-offence-1 t18940108-180-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18940108-180-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-180-18940108 t18940108-180-offence-1 t18940108-180-verdict-1"/>
<p>180.
<persName id="def1-180-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-180-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-180-18940108" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-180-18940108" type="surname" value="FOOT"/>
<interp inst="def1-180-18940108" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR FOOT</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-180-18940108" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-180-18940108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-180-18940108" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-180-18940108" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="def2-180-18940108" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD PEARCE</hi> </persName> were again indicted for
<rs id="t18940108-180-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18940108-180-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-180-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/> assaulting
<persName id="t18940108-name-195" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18940108-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-195" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-195" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18940108-name-195" type="occupation" value="policeman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18940108-180-offence-1 t18940108-name-195"/>Thomas Williams</persName>, with intent to resist their apprehension.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, for assaulting a police constable in the execution of his duty, and for common assault.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189401080046"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BROMBY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>