<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>TYLER, MAYOR.</p>
<persName id="t18931113-name-1">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Vol. CXIX 1893-94</p>
<p>Sess. I - VII</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, November 13th, 1893, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-2" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-2" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">GAINSFORD BRUCE</hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-3" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-3" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, Q.C, M.P., K.C. M.G., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE FAUDEL PHILLIPS</hi>, Esq., Lieut.-Col.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-4" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-4" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-5" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-5" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-6" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-6" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK GREEN</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">JNO. POUND</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., Q.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN VOCE MOORE</hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH COCKFIELD DIMSDALE</hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-7" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-7" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLARENCE R. HALSE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130003"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TYLER, MAYOR. FIRST SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners hive been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, November</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WILLIAMS</hi>** (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-1-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>,
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<interp inst="t18931113-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a purse and 2s. 5d. in money from the person of
<persName id="t18931113-name-9" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-9" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-9" type="surname" value="SHEEN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-9" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-1-offence-1 t18931113-name-9"/>Mary Ann Sheen</persName>, after a con
<lb/>viction at Newington in 1891.—</rs>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-18931113 t18931113-1-punishment-1"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DIXON COWLEY</hi>** (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
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<interp inst="t18931113-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to three indictments for stealing portmanteaus and their contents, from railway stations, after a conviction at this Court on March 6th, 1893, in the name of Richard Webber.—</rs>
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<interp inst="t18931113-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-18931113 t18931113-2-punishment-2"/>Eighteen Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-3-18931113" type="age" value="19"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BEHRENS</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to. stealing a watch and chain, the property of
<persName id="t18931113-name-12" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-12" type="surname" value="TESTER"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-3-offence-1 t18931113-name-12"/>John Tester</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18931113-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18931113 t18931113-3-punishment-3"/>Six Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-4-18931113" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18931113" type="surname" value="VERNON"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18931113" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED VERNON</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-14" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-14" type="surname" value="PERRIN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-14" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE PERRIN</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Sun Dial, Goswell Road—on 27th October I supplied the prisoner and another man with drink, price 3d.—a florin was tendered—I put it on the till where there was no other, and gave the prisoner the change—I afterwards saw him speaking to Mr. Hartnell—I looked at the coin afterwards, but said nothing to the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen the prisoner's friend this morning; I do not know his name—that is the man (
<hi rend="italic">Archibald Smith</hi>)—I saw the prisoner put the florin on the counter—I was close to Mr. Hartnell, and, if he had done anything remarkable, I should have noticed it—the prisoner said he got the silver in change for a half—sovereign, and he knew where he got it—he was in the house about half an hour.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I saw him tender a second florin—Mr. Hartnell took it up, and said it was bad—if the prisoner had done anything I should be sure to notice it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-15" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-15" type="surname" value="HARTNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-15" type="given" value="HENRY BISHOP"/>HENRY BISHOP HARTNELL</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Sun Dial Public-house—on 27th October I served the prisoner with two glasses of ale, which came to threepence—he put a florin on the counter—I saw it was bad because it was not clear, and it was white, but no word was</p>
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<p>spoken—he put his hand on mine, grabbed at it, took it from me, and said, "It is good"—I said, "It is not,"—he said that he got it in change for a half—sovereign—I spoke to Miss Perrin, and received a florin from her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner said he wished the police to be sent for, and produced a card, but I did not look at it—I don't know whether I told the Magistrate that he said it was good before I suggested that it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-16" type="surname" value="PANK"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-16" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK PANK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I was called to the Sun Dial on October 27th, and saw the prisoner and several others in the bar, and two florins lying on the counter—the barman said that the prisoner had uttered the broken one—I looked in the till, and found another bad one, which the barmaid said she had taken from him a few minutes previously—I said I should take him in custody—he said, "All right; I know where I got it."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found on him a London Compositors' Society card, and I know that he is a member of that society, and that he was at work at the Charterhouse Press that afternoon—he did not say where he changed the half-sovereign.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-17" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-17" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these two florins are counterfeit, and from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-18" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-18" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>ARCHIBALD SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a compositor, of 31, George Street—on this day I was working with the prisoner at the Charterhouse Press—he received a half-sovereign, a five—shilling piece, and 1s. 3d. in copper—we then crossed to the Sutton Arms, where he changed the five-shilling piece, and we had two half—pints of mild and bitter—I then went with him to see Mr. Freestone, the
<hi rend="italic">Father of the Chapel</hi>—3s. was paid to him—we then went to the Hat and Feathers and had some food and drink, and later on at the Marquis of Lorne—we were there twice, and the second time he put down a half—sovereign—from there I went with him to the Sun Dial; we were there about three—quarters of an hour—when he was told the money was bad he put his back against the bar and said he would not go till he had had it inquired into; he did not attempt to escape.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went to the Police—court, but when I got there the case was over and the prisoner was let out on bail—I saw him tender the second florin and I did not hear any remark about it—I did not see the prisoner make a
<hi rend="italic">grab</hi> at it—he did not pay for all the drink; I paid for some and he for some—there was no tossing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-19" type="surname" value="FREESTONE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-19" type="given" value="HORACE"/>HORACE FREESTONE</persName> </hi>. I am employed at the Charterhouse Press, and am what is called the
<hi rend="italic">Father of the Chapel</hi>—on this Friday the prisoner paid me two weeks' subscriptions, half—a—crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-20" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-20" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-20" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the witness, Archibald Smith—I took a subpoena and put it in an envelope and handed it to Jane Ather, the manageress of the Marquis of Lorne.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-5-18931113" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-5-18931113" type="age" value="68"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18931113" type="surname" value="JENNINGS"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID JENNINGS</hi> (68)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
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<interp inst="t18931113-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice within ten days.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-22" type="surname" value="FARRAR"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-22" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR FARRAR</persName> </hi>. I keep the Fountain, at Clapton—I know the prisoner</p>
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<p>as a customer—on October 5th, about eleven a.m., he called for some rum, and gave me a sixpence—I tested it; it broke—I gave it back to him, and asked him where he got it—he said he did not know—he paid, I think, with coppers—I afterwards saw him in custody on another charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner.</hi> I deny being there; I was bad with rheumatic gout at the time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-23" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-23" type="surname" value="MAYNARD"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-23" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE MAYNARD</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Lord Cecil Public-house, Clapton—on October 9th, about 9.30 a.m., the prisoner called for half a pint of ale, and gave me a shilling—I told him it was bad—he made no answer—I took it to Mr. White without putting it in the till—I returned with him to the bar, and he showed the prisoner the coin, and told him it was bad—he did not produce any good money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I have been in the house twelve months, and have seen you in and out during the last fortnight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-24" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-24" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WHITE</persName> </hi>. I keep the Lord Cecil—on October 9th the last witness showed me a coin—I found it was bad, and went into the bar and showed it to the prisoner—he said he took it at the Greyhound, Lea Bridge Road, the previous day—I sent for a constable, and gave him in custody, with the coins—he did not attempt to get away—I have been landlord four years, but only remember the prisoner's face three or four weeks previous to the 9th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-25" type="surname" value="BILLINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-25" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BILLINGTON</persName> </hi> (403
<hi rend="italic">J</hi>). On the morning of October 9th I was called to the Lord Cecil, and found the prisoner there—Mr. White said that he had passed a shilling over the counter, which he believed to be Counterfeit—I asked the prisoner where he got it; he said at the Grey
<lb/>hound Public—house, Lea Bridge Road, on the Sunday—I took him to the station, and found 4d. in bronze on him—Mr. White handed me this bad shilling—the prisoner said that he slept at Stratford at a common lodging—house—I asked him the name of the house; he said, "I don't know"—Stratford is four miles from Hyde Park Corner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-26" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-26" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this shilling is counterfeit.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner produced a written defence, stating that he did not know the coin was bad.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-6">
<interp inst="t18931113-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-6" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18931113 t18931113-6-offence-1 t18931113-6-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-6-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18931113" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18931113" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18931113" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SMITH</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his possession, with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-28" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-28" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SMITH</persName> </hi> (35
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On October 11th, about two p.m., I was on duty with Phillips, in plain clothes, in High Street, Shoreditch, and saw the prisoner and another lad going from one stall to another—the other went into Mr. White's house—the prisoner stood outside till the other one rejoined him—the prisoner took something like a small packet from his right trousers pocket, and handed it to the other—we lost sight of them for about a minute, and when I turned a corner the prisoner was standing outside a public—house by himself—I said, "What was that you took out of your pocket?"—he said, "I have got nothing; the other man has got them, he has gone across the road; you can search me"—I put him into the public—house door
<lb/>way, and he threw a little packet from his right hand; it fell inside the door, and I saw Fox pick up two half—crowns and a small piece of paper</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130006"/>
<p>which they had rolled out of—I said to the prisoner, "Where did you get these?"—he said, "A man gave them to me to hold, I never saw him before, and I do not know where he lives"—I took him to the station, and returned and saw Fox pick up another half—crown near the same spot—the prisoner gave his address 34, Raymer Terrace, Leyton—I found he did not live there, but his sister does.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-29" type="surname" value="FAKES"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-29" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN FAKES</persName> </hi> (173
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I was with Smith, and saw the prisoner throw the packet down—I picked up the coins, and about twenty minutes afterwards picked up a third and the paper—I handed the coins to Smith and saw them marked—these are them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-30" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-30" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these three half-crowns are bad, and from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that the parcel was given to him by a man, who got paid for working for the detectives.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-6-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-6-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-6-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18931113 t18931113-6-punishment-4"/>Six Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday and Tuesday, November</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-7">
<interp inst="t18931113-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-7" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-18931113 t18931113-7-offence-1 t18931113-7-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-7-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18931113" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18931113" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18931113" type="given" value="HERBERT AARON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERBERT AARON BROWN</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Unlawfully committing acts, of gross indecency with
<persName id="t18931113-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-32" type="surname" value="HUTT"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-32" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-7-offence-1 t18931113-name-32"/>Alexander Hutt</persName> and other male persons.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-7-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-7-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-7-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-18931113 t18931113-7-punishment-5"/>Eighteen Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-8">
<interp inst="t18931113-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-8" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18931113 t18931113-8-offence-1 t18931113-8-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-8-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18931113" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18931113" type="surname" value="WYMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18931113" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUIS WYMAN</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to burglary in the dwelling—house of
<persName id="t18931113-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-34" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-34" type="given" value="BARNETT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-8-offence-1 t18931113-name-34"/>Barnett Cohen</persName>, and stealing two coats and other articles. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-8-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-8-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-8-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18931113 t18931113-8-punishment-6"/>—Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-9">
<interp inst="t18931113-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-9" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-18931113 t18931113-9-offence-1 t18931113-9-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-9-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-18931113 t18931113-9-offence-2 t18931113-9-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-9-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18931113" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18931113" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18931113" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK YOUNG</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18931113-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-36" type="surname" value="CUESTA"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-36" type="given" value="LUISA DE LA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-9-offence-1 t18931113-name-36"/>Luisa de la Cuesta</persName> a picture and other articles, and from
<persName id="t18931113-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-37" type="surname" value="STANTON"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-37" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-9-offence-1 t18931113-name-37"/>Edward Stanton</persName> a ring and £3 10s., with intent to defraud</rs>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18931113-9-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-9-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-9-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing two tin boxes and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18931113-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-38" type="surname" value="DOWNING"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-38" type="given" value="ADA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-9-offence-2 t18931113-name-38"/>Ada Downing</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18931113-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-9-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-9-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-9-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-18931113 t18931113-9-punishment-7"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-10">
<interp inst="t18931113-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-10" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18931113 t18931113-10-offence-1 t18931113-10-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18931113" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18931113" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18931113" type="given" value="MATTHEW MARK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MATTHEW MARK LAWRENCE</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling £1 1s. 4d., the moneys of his masters,
<persName id="t18931113-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-40" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-40" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-10-offence-1 t18931113-name-40"/>Henry O'Brien</persName> and others;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to conviction of felony in August, 1892—</rs>
<rs id="t18931113-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-10-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-10-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-10-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18931113 t18931113-10-punishment-8"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, November</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-11">
<interp inst="t18931113-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-11" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18931113 t18931113-11-offence-1 t18931113-11-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-11-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18931113" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18931113" type="surname" value="DANIELS"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18931113" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DANIELS</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to burglary in the dwelling—house of
<persName id="t18931113-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-42" type="surname" value="FEHR"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-42" type="given" value="LOUIS PHILIP"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-11-offence-1 t18931113-name-42"/>Louis Philip Fehr</persName>, with intent to steal.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-11-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-11-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-11-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18931113 t18931113-11-punishment-9"/>Discharged on recognisances.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-12">
<interp inst="t18931113-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-12" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-18931113 t18931113-12-offence-1 t18931113-12-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-12-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-18931113 t18931113-12-offence-2 t18931113-12-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-12-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18931113" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18931113" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18931113" type="given" value="ERNEST HERBERT HARRISSON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST HERBERT HARRISSON SMITH</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>,. to stealing a cheque—book, the property of
<persName id="t18931113-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-44" type="surname" value="HOLT"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-44" type="given" value="VESEY GEORGE MCKENZIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-12-offence-1 t18931113-name-44"/>Vesey George McKenzie Holt</persName> and another, his masters; </rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18931113-12-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-12-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-12-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering a letter of credit for £100;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to forging and uttering a cheque for £50, with intent to defraud.
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18931113-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-12-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-12-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-12-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-18931113 t18931113-12-punishment-10"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-13">
<interp inst="t18931113-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-13" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-18931113 t18931113-13-offence-1 t18931113-13-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-13-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-18931113 t18931113-13-offence-2 t18931113-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18931113" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18931113" type="surname" value="EVE"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18931113" type="given" value="HORACE RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HORACE RICHARD EVE</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing cheques for £6 6s., £2, £2 10s., and £4, of
<persName id="t18931113-name-46" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-46" type="surname" value="ORELAND"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-46" type="given" value="JAMES DE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-13-offence-1 t18931113-name-46"/>James De Oreland</persName>, his master;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18931113-13-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-13-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-13-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to three in
<lb/>dictments for forging and uttering orders for £6 6s., £4 7s. 6d., and £17 18s., with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18931113-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-13-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-13-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-13-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-18931113 t18931113-13-punishment-11"/>Eight Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-14">
<interp inst="t18931113-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-14" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18931113 t18931113-14-offence-1 t18931113-14-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130007"/>
<persName id="def1-14-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18931113" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18931113" type="surname" value="FRACKMANN"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18931113" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC FRACKMANN</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously diminishing four sovereigns, with intent that they might afterwards pass for the Queen's current coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and the evidence was interpreted to the Prisoner.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-48" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-48" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED JAMES</persName> </hi>. How I am manager to Peter Harris, a tobacconist, of 55, Gracechurch Street—on October 27th the prisoner came in and said, "Cigarette," nothing more—I took out a packet and opened it—he took two—I said, "That will be twopence; you had better take the box of ten for sixpence"—he said, in English, "All right," and tendered me this sovereign—I turned it over, and said, "Where did you get this sovereign from?"—he said, "My governor"—I said, "Who is your governor?"—he made no reply; I asked him again—he said, "I do not speak English"—I said, "You spoke English when you came in the shop"—he made no answer, and I called a constable, gave him in custody, and sent for Mr. Harris, who took it over to a jeweller, and returned in a few minutes, and said to the prisoner, "You are a scoundrel; this sovereign is seven
<lb/>teen grains deficient in weight, and if you will allow me to destroy it I will let you go"—he made no reply—I then said, "What are you?"—he said, "Barber," and made a motion towards his hair—he was taken to the station, and I charged him—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-49" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-49" type="given" value="PETER BENJAMIN"/>PETER BENJAMIN HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, of 55, Gracechurch Street—Mr. How gave me this sovereign, and told me in the prisoner's presence that he had passed it—I got it weighed and returned, and said to the prisoner, "You are a scoundrel; this sovereign is seventeen grains, too light"—I directed Mr. How to go to the station with the prisoner and charge him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-50" type="surname" value="CALLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-50" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>JOHN JAMES CALLOW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi>). I was called, and the shop-man said, in the prisoner's hearing, that he came in for a penny cigarette and tendered a bad sovereign—Mr. Harris went away with the sovereign and came back, and said it was seventeen grains light—I charged him—he only said that he did not speak English—I searched his pockets, and found a half—sovereign, nine half—crowns, one florin, seventeen shillings, four sixpences, forty—two pennies, and twelve halfpence, two keys, and this paper: "London, October 24th, 1893. 100, Aldersgate Street.—Mr. Frackmann. Sold to J. W. Robertson and Co., refiners, 1 oz. 6 dwts. 12 grs. gold, 55s.—£3 12s. 6d."—I also found this bottle of liquid, marked "Jockey Club," in his waistcoat pocket—I handed the articles to Inspector Hook.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NEAL</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, City</hi>). I saw the prisoner at Seething Lane Police—station on 27th October—I received instructions from my inspector and searched the prisoner—in turning down the sock on his left leg a sovereign (which has been marked "1") fell out—I pulled off his trousers, and between his skin and his drawers I found a sovereign (which has been marked "2"), which had lodged above his left calf—I took those two sovereigns to the Mint—I handed them to the chief clerk, and I saw him test them—I brought them back again, and handed them to Injector Hook.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-51" type="surname" value="SCHWARTZ"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-51" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SCHWARTZ</persName> </hi>. I am a barber, living at 112, Mile End Road—I let the prisoner a room in my house nine weeks before he was looked up, at 2s. a week—the prisoner lodged and slept in that room by himself till</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130008"/>
<p>he was arrested on 27th October—I did not know he was a hairdresser; he did not work for me—he told me he was a goldsmith—he asked me to learn him the trade of barber.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see you doing anything in your room—you did not have a fire in the room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was not watching him all day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-52" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-52" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY COX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective, City</hi>). On 27th October I went to Schwartz's house—Schwartz pointed out a room to me at the back of the shop on the ground floor—the door was locked—I had no key, but by means of a screwdriver I opened the door, and searched the room—in a cupboard in the room I found these three bottles; two marked "Lotion," the other not labelled—one of those marked "Lotion" was behind a tin box in the cupboard; it has since been marked "A"—I took the bottles to the Mint authorities—I also found this wine—glass (E) behind the tin box in the cupboard, which was not locked, and this wine-glass (D)on the mantel-piece—both glasses were dry—I gave them to the Mint authorities—there were a bedstead chair and a wooden chair, and a tin box containing underlinen—I also took four sovereigns, marked "1," "2," "3," and "5" to the Mint authorities—I afterwards received a key from Inspector Hook, with which I opened the door of the room—I could not find Sinex Street, only Samuel Street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-53" type="surname" value="HEWLING"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-53" type="given" value="CHARLES ALFRED"/>CHARLES ALFRED HEWLING</persName> </hi>. I assist my father, a tobacconist, at 136, Fenchurch Street—on Thursday, 26th October, the prisoner came in and asked in English for two cigarettes—he put down a sovereign in pay
<lb/>ment—I told him I had not got any change, and asked him if he had got anything smaller—he said in English, "No, I have not"—I gave him 19s. 6d. silver, and 4d. coppers, and he went out—I put the sovereign in the cash-box at the back with other sovereigns—on the following Friday I went to our other shop, and saw the inspector talking to the prisoner's brother—next day, Saturday, I went to Seething Lane Police-station, and picked out the prisoner from nine others; I knew him at once—I went there because I had met and spoken to the inspector about it, about 4.30 on Friday afternoon—T found out there was a light sovereign in the cash-box on the Friday night before I went to the station—my father examined the gold in the cash-box in my presence—I found a light sovereign, and marked it "3."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You came in about ten o'clock a.m., I should think, on the Thursday, the day before you were arrested.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-54" type="surname" value="HOOK"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-54" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HOOK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector, City</hi>). I was present at Seething Lane Police-station when the prisoner was brought in about half-past eleven on 27th October, accompanied by Callow, How, and Harris—the case was explained to me, and I said to the prisoner in English, "Do you speak English?"—he said "No"—I said, "What language do you speak?"—he said, "Polish and Yeddish"—I directed Callow to search him—I engaged an interpreter, who is here to-day—the prisoner said through the interpreter, in answer to the question where he got the coin No. 5 from, "I got it from a pawnbroker"—he said nothing else; he made no reply as to where he got the sovereigns found in his sock and drawers—the acids were shown to him, and the interpreter told him, by my direction, that Cox had been in his room and found them there—the prisoner said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130009"/>
<p>through the interpreter, "Someone must have put them there"—he made no reply to the charge brought by Hewling.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-55" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-55" type="given" value="JAMES BEATIE"/>JAMES BEATIE ROBERTSON</persName> </hi>. I am a gold refiner, of 100, Aldersgate Street, in partnership with my brother—I first saw the prisoner on October 21st; I cannot say the time, but it was Saturday, and we close at three—he came with another man, to act as interpreter, who said "This man is a jeweller, and has gold to sell"—the prisoner produced a piece of gold weighing 17 dwts.—I tested it, and offered him £2 6s. 9d. for it, which was £2 15s. per ounce—he took it, after a little consideration—I asked his name and address, and took it down: "Isaac Frackmann, 3, Beard's Street, Commercial Road"—the interpreter wrote it down; this is it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> What you sold me was commoner gold than that of a sovereign; alloy had been mixed with it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-56" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-56" type="given" value="WILLIAM WRIGHT"/>WILLIAM WRIGHT ROBERTSON</persName> </hi>. I am in partnership with my brother—I saw the prisoner once; he came on October 24th to sell a piece of gold—he was alone; he spoke English, but very few words—I tested it, and offered him 55s. an ounce for it—we struck a bargain, and I gave him £3 12s. 6d., and this invoice—there were 17 carats of gold and five of alloy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-57" type="surname" value="KATZ"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-57" type="given" value="AARON"/>AARON KATZ</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I am a silversmith, of 24, Winterton Street, Commercial Road—I speak Yeddish—I first employed the prisoner as a silversmith twelve or thirteen weeks ago, at 14s. a week, and he worked for me about six weeks—I have to use strong acids in my trade.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Goldsmiths use acid sometimes, but not always—the water has to be cold—it is not necessary to have any tools.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-58" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-58" type="given" value="THOMAS KIRK"/>THOMAS KIRK ROSE</persName> </hi>. I am a Fellow of the Chemical Society, and Bachelor of Science, and Assistant Assayer to Her Majesty's Mint—I have had considerable experience in examining the coin of the realm—various articles have been handed to me, and this is my report—I received four sovereigns from Sergeant Cox on October 20th, and found them deficient in weight—No. 1 was 17d. or 2s. 101/2d. less value; No. 2, 121/2 or 1s. 11d. deficient; No. 3, 141/4 or nearly 2s. 4d. value short; and No. 4, 11 grains, or 1s. 9d. less value—a sovereign after eighteen years ought to be reduced to the least current weight, but the deficiency has been caused in this case by the coins being placed in a corrosive fluid, a strong acid—they do not show ordinary wear, they have a peculiar pock—mark—after being reduced in weight by the acid the coins had been polished by rubbing—they prob
<lb/>ably have not been in circulation much—I afterwards received these bottles, Nos. 2 and 3, containing two or three ounces of acid; that in bottle "A" is quite capable of dissolving a sovereign—bottle "B" contains an acid which" might be used in making the contents of "A"—this bottle marked "Jockey Club" contains some organic liquid, the effect of which is to precipitate the gold, and recover it in a fine powder—these glasses contain a small amount of solid, but they contain no gold; one contains a liquid from bottle "B," and the other a liquid from bottle "C"—I took a new sovereign and attacked it with liquid from bottle "A" for half an hour, and then took it from the acid and polished it, and found it very closely resembled these coins; I mean that there were pock—marks—I precipitated it with the Jockey Club liquid in soda and then melted the powder, and got this little button (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) which is the gold that was in the solution—a fire is not necessary for this</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130010"/>
<p>work, except to melt the powder—there is very little alloy in this button; about 10 parts in 1,000—the least correct weight which a sovereign can be reduced to by ordinary wear and tear is three—quarters of a grain.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I put the acid into a small glass vessel; it was warm, but not boiling—I poured the liquid off', and took the sovereign out with a glass rod—I took the gold out of the solution by precipitating it with the Jockey Club solution, and melted the powder in a small crucible.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated, through the Interpreter, that he used the acid at Mr. Katz's', but had to leave him because there was no work, and he went to lodge with a barber, and asked him to teach him his trade; that he borrowed</hi> 35s.
<hi rend="italic">of a countryman of his, and a ring and watch, which he pawned for</hi>£2 5s.,
<hi rend="italic">and added the</hi> 35s.
<hi rend="italic">to it, and asked the pawnbroker to give him four sovereigns, which he did; and afterwards he went to the tobacconist's, and in taking a sixpence out of his purse one of the sovereigns fell out, and he was given in custody, and that he kept the acid to test any gold he might buy, and that the golid he sold he bought of another man.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">T. K. ROSE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The acids found would not test gold by themselves, as one dissolves gold; you would require. another to precipitate it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-14-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-14-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-14-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18931113 t18931113-14-punishment-12"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-15">
<interp inst="t18931113-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-15" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-18931113 t18931113-15-offence-1 t18931113-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-18931113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18931113" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18931113" type="surname" value="SPINKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18931113" type="given" value="ADA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADA SPINKS</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice in the same day.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-60" type="surname" value="FRANKLYN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-60" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA FRANKLYN</persName> </hi>. I assist my uncle, Alfred Henry Barker, of 181, Burdett Road—on October 26th I served the prisoner with a penny-worth of linseed and some mustard, which came to 3d.—she tendered a had florin—I asked her where she got it; she said, "From a butcher's shop," but did not mention the name—I returned it to her; I did not break it or mark it—I spoke to my uncle.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-61" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-61" type="given" value="ALFRED HENRY"/>ALFRED HENRY BARKER</persName> </hi>. I am a corn—chandler—I saw my niece serve the prisoner, and heard money go down on the counter—she said, "This is bad"—I followed the prisoner into Park Road, and spoke to a police-man—the prisoner went into Mrs. Bull's oil-shop—I looked through the window and saw her pass a coin to the boy and change given; as she came out I passed in—I looked at a florin, and then made a signal to a constable, who brought the prisoner back to Mrs. Bull's shop, who said, "This florin is bad"—she said, "I did not know it was bad"—the constable said, "You tried to pass it at 181, Burdett Road"—she said, "I have not been in Burdett Road to—night;" but she looked at me and said, "Yes, I have been in that gentleman's shop"—she was then taken to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-62" type="surname" value="DIN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-62" type="given" value="GEORGE JOSEPH"/>GEORGE JOSEPH DIN</persName> </hi>. I was staying with my aunt, Mrs. Bull—on 26th October I served the prisoner with some mustard and oatmeal, which came to 2d.—she gave me a florin; I gave it to my aunt, who gave her the change.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-63" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-63" type="surname" value="BULL"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-63" type="given" value="HARRIETT ELLEN"/>HARRIETT ELLEN BULL</persName> </hi>. I keep an oil—shop at 77, Coutts' Road—on 26th October I saw the prisoner in the shop, and my little boy Din gave me a florin—I put it in my purse, and gave the prisoner 1s. 10d. change—Mr. Barker came in, and I looked in my purse and found a bad florin—Mr. Barker went out, and the prisoner was brought back—the constable said, "You have been to Burdett Road to Mr. Barker's shop"—she said, "No, I have not been in Burdett Road to—night."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130011"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-64" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-64" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BUTLER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). On 26th October Mr. Barker spoke to me—I went with him towards Coutts' Road, and saw the prisoner enter Mrs. Bull's shop—Mr. Barker made a signal to me, and I took the prisoner back to the shop—I took her purse from her—Mr. Barker said that the coin was bad—she said she did not know it—I asked the prisoner if she had been to Mr. Barker's shop—she said, "No," she had not been in any shop that evening—on the way to the station she said, "I may as well tell you where I got it. I am an unfortunate girl; it was given me by a man"—she gave her address at a common lodging—house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-65" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-65" type="surname" value="ASHLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-65" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH ASHLIN</persName> </hi>. I am female searcher at Bow Police—station—on October 26th I searched the prisoner, but found no money on her, good or bad—she said, "I am very sorry I told the young woman I got it from a butcher's shop, I am an unfortunate, and I did not like to say so."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-66" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-66" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's. Mint—this florin is bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, November</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Bruce.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-16">
<interp inst="t18931113-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-16" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18931113 t18931113-16-offence-1 t18931113-16-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-16-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-16-18931113 t18931113-16-offence-1 t18931113-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18931113" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18931113" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MURPHY</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-16-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-16-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-18931113" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="def2-16-18931113" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HENRY HARDING</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18931113-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> were charged on the Coroner's Inquisition only with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18931113-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-69" type="surname" value="CROW"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-69" type="given" value="HENRY WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-16-offence-1 t18931113-name-69"/>Henry William Crow</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAND JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">had thrown out the bill.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-17">
<interp inst="t18931113-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-17" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-18931113 t18931113-17-offence-1 t18931113-17-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-17-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18931113" type="surname" value="MURTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18931113" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS MURTON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18931113-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> , Unlawfully carnally knowing
<persName id="t18931113-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-71" type="surname" value="METCALF"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-71" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-17-offence-1 t18931113-name-71"/>Elizabeth Metcalf</persName>, a girl under thirteen years of age.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-17-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-17-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-17-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-18931113 t18931113-17-punishment-13"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">For other cases tried this day, see Essex and Kent cases.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, November</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-18">
<interp inst="t18931113-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-18" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-18931113 t18931113-18-offence-1 t18931113-18-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-18-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18931113" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18931113" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18931113" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK KING</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18931113-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-73" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-73" type="surname" value="RAWLE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-73" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-18-offence-1 t18931113-name-73"/>Florence Rawle</persName>, and stealing 3d., her money.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-74" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-74" type="surname" value="RAWLE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-74" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE RAWLE</persName> </hi>. I Am fourteen years of age—I live with my sister and brother—in—law at Lower Place Farm, Acton Lane—at 4.45 p.m. on 20th October, I came by train from school at Westbourne Grove to Acton Station, and was walking down Willesden Lane, which is a country lane, down which carriages can go—I saw the prisoner walking along the foot
<lb/>path, when I had gone about half—way down the lane—he had this stick in his hand—I passed him, and then he struck me on my head with it from behind—the stick broke two or three inches from one end with the force of the blow—I fell to the ground; I had on a sailor hat—the prisoner seized me and rolled me into a ditch in which was water—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130012"/>
<p>screamed, and he said if I did not stop that he would cut my throat—he put one hand over my mouth, and his other hand he put under my clothes; he scratched one leg—I was struggling with him in the ditch for some minutes—he lifted me out of the ditch on to the grass, and asked me to go into the next field with him—I refused—he asked if I had any money on me—I took my purse out of my pocket, and took out 3d., which he snatched from me—he tried to put his hand in my pocket; I prevented him, and cried out—I had sixpence in my purse, which the prisoner saw as soon as he snatched the threepence from me—he said, "Give me your purse"—I refused—then I saw a carriage coming along the road from the direction of Acton Station; it was fairly light at this time—the prisoner then ran away along the road about twenty yards, in the opposite direction to that from which the carriage was coming, and then I saw him get over a gate into a field and run as fast as he could—that was the last I saw of him then—the carriage came up, and I spoke to the two ladies in it, and the coachman, and comp
<lb/>lained to them—I then went home, where I spoke to someone—my brother-in-law was not at home when I went in—when he came in I went out with him to the place where I had been assaulted, and there I saw the prisoner detained in the lane by one of our men, Ridgely—I at once recognised him, and said, "You are the very man."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-75" type="surname" value="RIDGELY"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-75" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL RIDGELY</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at Lower Place Farm, Acton—on 20th October I was working in a field adjoining Willesden Lane—at 4.45 p.m., two ladies and a coachman in a carriage, which came along Willesden Lane, spoke to me, and from the information I received I went from the garden into a ploughed field, and into a meadow, and saw the prisoner running under the hedge—I ran after him—as soon as he saw I was getting too close to him he turned round, and came through a gate
<lb/>way, and met me, and said, "I suppose you are after the man who assaulted that young lady in the lane?"—I said, "Yes"—he said, "You won't catch him, for I've been chasing of him, and he must have got to Mr. Johnson's farm by now"—that is an adjoining field—I said, "I don't think so; I think you are the man"—he said, "I am not"—I said, "The only way to prove that will be to go back with me to the farm, and see if the young lady can identify you"—he said, "No; I shan't go"—I said, "Then I shall not leave you till you do go, or until I get some help"—after some persuasion he said, "Then I will go with you"—he came with me into Willesden Lane, where we met Mr. Goddard, followed by the girl, who pointed to the prisoner and said at once, "That is the man"—a police
<lb/>man met us on the road and took the prisoner in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-76" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-76" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD GODDARD</persName> </hi>. I am a farmer, of Lower Place Farm, Acton—Florence Rawle is my wife's sister; she lives with us—I was not in the house on 20th October when she came home—I was sent for—she was crying and very much upset, frightened and distressed—her clothing was wet and all over mud—I went out, telling her to follow me—I went towards Acton Station, through Willesden Lane—I met Ridgely, who is in my employment, with the prisoner—I asked my sister—in—law, who was coming behind me, if that was the man, and she said, "Yes"—the man said, "I am done for"—I said, "Yes, you are; I shall take you to Acton Police—station"—as we were going along, he said, "I don't know what I did it for; it was not for
<hi rend="italic">that;</hi> I have got a wife at home"—we got nearly</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130013"/>
<p>to Acton Police—station and then met Baxter, and the prisoner was taken into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-77" type="surname" value="BAXTER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-77" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BAXTER</persName> </hi> (501
<hi rend="italic">X</hi>). On 20th October I was in the Acton Police—station on duty, and at 5.30 p.m. two ladies came up in a carriage and made a communication to me, and I went to Willesden Lane, where I met the prisoner detained by Goddard and Ridgely—I told him I should take him for robbing the prosecutrix of 3d., and assaulting her by striking her on the head with a stick, and indecently assaulting her by placing his hand up her clothes—he said, "I did not pull the girl about, neither did I assault her with a stick"—he was taken to the station and charged: and he said, "I admit pulling the girl about, but I did not assault her with the stick"—the girl was brought to the Police-station—I found a bump on her head as large as a small egg, a recent bruise on the right side—her dress, jacket, and hat were saturated with wet—the back part of her hair, which was hanging down, was wet, as if she had fallen into water on the back of her head—both knees of the prisoner's trousers were wet, as if he had been kneeling on a wet place, and the right knee was smothered in mud—the toes of his boots were also saturated with wet—I went in the direction of Willesden Lane, and on the right side of the road I saw marks of a struggle in the ditch, and by the side of it I found the larger portion of this stick some few feet away, and the small portion on the path a few feet off—Miss Rawle identified it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-78" type="surname" value="GUDGIN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-78" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GUDGIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant X</hi>). I searched the prisoner on 20th October, when he was brought to Acton Police—station—I found on him 4d. in bronze.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate, said that he did not strike the girl on her head with the stick, nor feel up her doilies: and in his defence he stated that he had too much to drink, but knew what he was doing, and that he did not hit the girl on her head with a stick.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-19">
<interp inst="t18931113-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-19" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-18931113 t18931113-19-offence-1 t18931113-19-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-19-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18931113" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18931113" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK KING</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18931113-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> for robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18931113-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-80" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-80" type="surname" value="HANCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-80" type="given" value="THEODOSIA MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-19-offence-1 t18931113-name-80"/>Theodosia Mary Hancock</persName>, and stealing a watch, a chain, a purse, a brooch, and two shillings, her property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">He</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to stealing only.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-81" type="surname" value="HANCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-81" type="given" value="THEODOSIA MARY"/>THEODOSIA MARY HANCOCK</persName> </hi>. I live at Peterborough Road, Harrow—on the morning of 20th September I was sitting on a camp—stool sketching in Kenton Lane—I saw the prisoner pass me—he sprang across the road behind me, and I was thrown into a ditch—he stood over me, holding one hand over my mouth, and the other on my ankle, holding me down—he said, "Where is your watch?"—I screamed—he pulled my watch out of my dress, his hand still being over my mouth, and hurting me—I screamed the whole time—when he was pulling it out I was so frightened that I told him I had a gold brooch with pearls in it—I took it out and flung it into the road: I hoped he would take it and go away—he said, "Where is your purse? Don't make a noise: where is your purse?"—I said, "If you will let me get up I will give it to you"—he let me get up—I stooped forward to pick up my brooch to give it to him—he said, "Don't stop to pick anything up; where is your purse?"—I gave it to him—he picked up the brooch, and ran away down the lane towards</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130014"/>
<p>Kenton—I screamed until he let me get up, and then I was silent, I think—I next saw him at the West London Police—court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-20">
<interp inst="t18931113-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-20" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18931113 t18931113-20-offence-1 t18931113-20-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-20-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18931113" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18931113" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK KING</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18931113-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> for robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18931113-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-83" type="surname" value="PEABODY"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-83" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-20-offence-1 t18931113-name-83"/>Florence Peabody</persName>, and stealing a brooch.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">He</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to the stealing only.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-84" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-84" type="surname" value="PEABODY"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-84" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE PEABODY</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, Chesham Villas, Sudbury—on 7th August I was in about the middle of Rosebank Lane, Harrow, at 2.45 p.m.—as I was going round a turning the prisoner pulled me down to the aground by my hair from behind—he put one hand over my mouth and eyes, and knocked me about my head with the other hand several times—I screamed—I tried to kick him, and to bite his hand—he said, "Hold your tongue, or I will kill you"—I called out, "My father is coming"—he let me get up, and said, "Give me your purse"—there was some dark, greasy stuff on the hand which he put over my face: it left marks on my face where his hand had been over my mouth—when he asked for my purse I told him I had not one—he asked me for my money—I told him I had not any with me—he said, "What have you got?"—I said, "Only my brooch"—he told me to take it off—I unfastened it, and he snatched it from my hand and ran away up the lane.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence.</hi> I am guilty of throwing her down, but not of striking her on the head at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-21">
<interp inst="t18931113-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-21" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-18931113 t18931113-21-offence-1 t18931113-21-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-21-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18931113" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18931113" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK KING</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18931113-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> for robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18931113-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-86" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-86" type="surname" value="KAYE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-86" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-21-offence-1 t18931113-name-86"/>Minnie Kaye</persName>, and stealing a purse and 3s., her property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-87" type="surname" value="KAYE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-87" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>MINNIE KAYE</persName> </hi>. I live at Horsingdon Hill—on 4th October I was going along a footpath, across a field leading from Perry Vale to Ealing, at 5.30 p.m.—it was light—the prisoner came towards me, and I was passing him when he caught hold of me sideways, and threw me down—my head struck the ground, and it and my side were hurt by the fall—I felt my side very much for several days afterwards—when I was on the ground he held me down, and took my purse from my pocket—it contained 3s.—he asked for my watch: I said I had not one on me—I struggled and got away, and ran off, leaving him behind—I noticed him going away across the fields—I told someone about it when I got home—the police were communicated with—I next saw the prisoner at the Police—station, Acton, about 20th October, and picked him out from several men standing in a row—I have no doubt he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-88" type="surname" value="MCMULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-88" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER MCMULLEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective X</hi>). I received information at the Police—station on 4th October, and went to the pathway in Perry Vale the following morning—I there saw marks of a struggle: the grass was knocked down, and there were marks of feet on the gravel at the edge of the path—I was present at the station when Miss Kaye picked out the prisoner from among several others at once, without any hesitation.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's defence.</hi> I have only to say I am not guilty of this last one: I never saw her before in my life.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-89" type="surname" value="PEABODY"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-89" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE PEABODY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>). During August and September I had to be treated by a doctor in consequence of the assault upon me—I was suffering from shock—I have almost recovered now.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130015"/>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-21-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-21-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-21-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-18931113 t18931113-21-punishment-14"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude on each of the four indictments</rs> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">the sentences to run consecutively</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">, and
<rs id="t18931113-21-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-21-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-21-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-18931113 t18931113-21-punishment-15"/>twenty strokes with the cat.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-22">
<interp inst="t18931113-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-22" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18931113 t18931113-22-offence-1 t18931113-22-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-22-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-22-18931113 t18931113-22-offence-1 t18931113-22-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-22-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18931113" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18931113" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18931113" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CLARK</hi> (56)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-22-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-22-18931113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-18931113" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-18931113" type="surname" value="MCTEER"/>
<interp inst="def2-22-18931113" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY MCTEER</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18931113-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-92" type="surname" value="MCCALKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-92" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-22-offence-1 t18931113-name-92"/>Benjamin McCalkin</persName>, and stealing £1 10s.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-93" type="surname" value="MCCALKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-93" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN MCCALKIN</persName> </hi>. I am a lighterman, of Poplar—on 20th October at 3.30 p.m. I went into a public—house in Poplar—McTeer asked me to treat her, which I did—I did not know her before—Clark came in soon after-wards, and I treated him at McTeer's request to a drop of ale—I stopped in the public—house for about half an hour as it was raining heavily—when I left the house I tried to catch a tram, and, as I came outside, the prisoners and two or three men followed me; McTeer caught hold of my coat, and Clark and the other men hustled me down the street—Clark caught hold of me by my throat from behind, and very nearly strangled me; my throat was very bad for two or three days afterwards, and I could not Swallow solid food for three days—I did not go to a doctor—while Clark held me by my throat, McTeer and two others rifled my pockets, and took 30s. from my trousers and waistcoat pockets—I was perfectly sober—it did not last many minutes; they were disturbed—a lot of people were in Commercial Street—I felt my senses almost going with the pressure on my throat—directly they released me I tried to struggle with Clark; he showed fight—I felt frightened, and ran across the road to the Police—station, and the police arrested the prisoners, who were then in Pearl Street, down which they hustled me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by McTeer.</hi> You put your hands in my pockets—I was not in the public—house with another female when you came in—she did not ask you to let her have a room—I did not say to you, "Come over to another public—house; I don't like the look of that woman"—I did not at the other public—house give you as much rum as you could drink, and make you senseless drunk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Clark.</hi> I did not take much notice if McTeer was drunk when I first saw her in the public—house—she was more excited than drunk when she was charged.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I only gave them two glasses of beer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-94" type="surname" value="VINCE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-94" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES VINCE</persName> </hi> (93
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On 20th October I was on duty in Commercial Street Police—station—a complaint was made to me, and I went to Pearl Street, where I saw the prisoners—as soon as Clark saw us coming he turned in the opposite direction, and ran away—the prosecutor shouted, "There goes one of the men!"—I ran after Clark and took him—before I had a chance to say anything to him he said, "You have got the wrong man; I was only trying to get my wife away from that man there;" meaning the prosecutor—I told him I should take him in custody for being concerned with others in robbing a man of 30s.—he said nothing—on the way to the station he said, "I have only just come out of a public—house at the top of the street, and came down here"—when in the dock, before the charge was taken, he said to the prosecutor, "Don't charge me; give me a chance"—he was charged, and made no reply—McTeer had been drinking very heavily, but she walked to the station without assistance—she made no statement to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-95" type="surname" value="FUNNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-95" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER FUNNELL</persName> </hi> (88
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I was off duty going home—a communica
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130016"/>
<p>was made to me, and I went down to Pearl Street with Vince—I saw Clark—as soon as he saw us he ran away—Vince gave chase, caught him, and took him to the station—I arrested McTeer, who was pointed out by the prosecutor as being there and assisting to rob him—she was the worse for drink, but she could walk, and knew what she was doing—she said, "I did not rob the man; I was there when it was done; I did not have a b——chance; the other men have got the money, and they have gone with it"—after the charge was made, she said, "You cannot b——well hang me; you can do what you like"—it is a rough neighbourhood; these things frequently occur in the by—streets; the population sympathises with the offenders, and the police have to go round in twos in some places.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Clark.</hi> I was not examined before the Magistrate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-96" type="surname" value="SHANNON"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-96" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SHANNON</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 6, Crown Court, Little Pearl Street—I was up at my sister's place looking out at the window, and I saw Clark with his arms round the prosecutor, and McTeer rifling his pockets—the prosecutor was against the lamp—post when Clark
<hi rend="italic">claimed</hi> him; he was. holding him by the back of his neck—I did not go down then—when I got into the street I saw Clark in custody—I stated at Worship Street what I had seen—McTeer said that she gave me the money, and I gave it to my sister, and if my sister did not have it, my other sister should have it, and she was at work—I know McTeer to be a very wicked woman; she would swear any man's life way—I came into the street when she was arrested—I said to the constable, "Take that woman, and you have got the right woman."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by McTeer.</hi> I was up in my sister's room when you first accused me—you said I gave the constable a shilling so that he should not take me in custody—I and two other men did not follow you and the prosecutor when he had his arm round your waist—you are wicked enough to say anything; you would accuse a child if it had been coming past—I did not come up the first time you were before the Magistrate because I forgave your wickedness—I did not come the second time because Thursday was stated on my subpoena, and it should have been Wednesday—I cannot say what you did with the money you took from the prosecutor's pocket; I saw you do it—a lot of people came out of doors at the time, hearing the noise—it is a very rough neighbourhood.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Clark, in his statement before the Magistrate, and in his defence, said that he found McTeer, with whom he was living, in a public—house with the prosecutor; that he left them there, and afterwards met them in the street, McTeer being then drunk, and having the prosecutor's arm round her waist, and that, mad with rage, he pulled them apart, when the prosecutor ran away, and returned with two policemen.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">McTeer, in her statement and in her defence, said that the prosecutor took her from one public—house to another and made her drunk; and then he was walking with his arm round her waist, when three or four men rushed up, and knocked her down, and rifled the prosecutor's pockets.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-97" type="surname" value="MCCALKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-97" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN MCCALKIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I had a purse in my breast pocket; the money stolen was loose in my trousers pocket—I was not with McTeer in a public—house for one or two hours before this.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-98" type="surname" value="FUNNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-98" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER FUNNELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The prosecutor and Clark were quite sober—McTeer was the worse for drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">They then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a former conviction of felony, Clark at</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130017"/>
<hi rend="italic">this Court in July</hi>, 1888,
<hi rend="italic">and McTeer in March</hi>, 1889,
<hi rend="italic">in the, name of Mary McCarthy. A large number of convictions were proved against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARK</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-22-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-22-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-22-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18931113 t18931113-22-punishment-16"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs>, and
<rs id="t18931113-22-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-22-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-22-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18931113 t18931113-22-punishment-17"/>five strokes with the cat.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McTEER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-22-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-22-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-22-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-22-18931113 t18931113-22-punishment-18"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-23">
<interp inst="t18931113-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-23" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18931113 t18931113-23-offence-1 t18931113-23-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-23-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18931113" type="surname" value="WEATHERBURN"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18931113" type="given" value="HUDSON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUDSON WEATHERBURN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18931113-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully possessing counterfeit coin, with intent to utter.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Inspector Heed stated that he had borne a good character, but had been led away, and that he had given information to the police. His uncle promised to look after</hi> him—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-23-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-23-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-23-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18931113 t18931113-23-punishment-19"/>Three Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, November</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-24">
<interp inst="t18931113-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-24" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-18931113 t18931113-24-offence-1 t18931113-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18931113" type="surname" value="ROSLYN"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18931113" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ROSLYN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18931113-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to breaking and entering the dwelling—house of
<persName id="t18931113-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-101" type="surname" value="STEEPLE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-101" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-24-offence-1 t18931113-name-101"/>John Thomas Steeple</persName>, and stealing a bottle of whisky. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-24-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-24-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-24-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-18931113 t18931113-24-punishment-20"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-25">
<interp inst="t18931113-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-25" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-18931113 t18931113-25-offence-1 t18931113-25-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-25-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18931113" type="surname" value="LANDER"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18931113" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS LANDER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18931113-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>** to unlawfully obtaining £1 7s. and £1, by false pretences, after a conviction of forgery at this Court on September 10th, 1883.—</rs>
<rs id="t18931113-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-25-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-25-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-25-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-18931113 t18931113-25-punishment-21"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-26">
<interp inst="t18931113-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-26" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-18931113 t18931113-26-offence-1 t18931113-26-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-26-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18931113" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18931113" type="surname" value="GARDNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18931113" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD GARDNER</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery, with others, with violence, on
<persName id="t18931113-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-104" type="surname" value="TADMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-104" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-26-offence-1 t18931113-name-104"/>Thomas Tadman</persName>, and stealing a watch and chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOODGATE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-105" type="surname" value="TADMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-105" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS TADMAN</persName> </hi>. I am an undertaker, of 422, Cable Street—on August 29th, about nine p.m., I was in Johnson Street, and the prisoner, whom I knew by sight, snatched my watch, and said, "Give me that"—he ran across the street—I ran after him, and got hold of him by his coat, and a man rushed up and said, "If you don't leave go of him I will stick a knife into you"—I let go, and he ran across the street—I ran after him, and when I got to the corner of the street I was knocked down on my knees by a tall man, the one who had threatened me with the knife—I jumped up, and called "Stop thief!" and ran after the prisoner, and when I got to the corner of Thomas Street three or four men said, "Knock the old b——down and kill him"—the prisoner was not with those men; he was running in front—I got up again, and found my arm bleeding—it was broken by a kick when I was down, and was trying to save my head—I went to the hospital—I knew the prisoner, because he came and asked me to
<hi rend="italic">go bail</hi> for his brother the Sessions before last, who got five years' penal servitude—I came here on purpose to look for him, when his brother was here, and saw him in a public—house opposite this Court, and gave him in custody—when he was in custody he wanted to shake hands and said, "Mr. Tadman, I would not rob you of your watch."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He never said, "You have got the wrong man," nor did I say so before the Magistrate—I did not know his name or address when the robbery was committed—I did not know that the other man was his brother, or that his name was Gardner—I went with him to a beer—house with a man named Eccleston—I told the policeman he might be found at 'Eccleston's, not the same night—I did not see Smith till I came out of the hospital—I went to Eccleston's two nights, and had police all</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130018"/>
<p>round the place—Johnson Street leads from Commercial Road into Cable Street—this robbery took place close to our coach—house—I was going home—Mrs. Le Fevre was with me, and must have seen my watch snatched—this happened near a lamp—the prisoner would never have got away from me if it had not been for the man breaking my arm—Mrs. Le Fevre did not run with me; she was frightened, and was in bed next day—I do not know a Mrs. Stephenson—I did not send her to the station to identify the prisoner, nor Mrs. Le Fevre, nor any woman—Thursby works for my wife—I did not ask him to go to the station to identify the prisoner, but the police did—my wife has done several things for Mrs. Neendroff, but she is not dependent upon her—I did not say to Smith, the officer, "Whoever is brought in will be identified"—I went to draw £18 out—I did not get till ten minutes to nine at the George Public—house—I did not go into the George—I am not a teetotaler; I had twopenny worth of whisky with Mrs. Le Fevre, but I had nothing between 7.30 and then.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There is no ground for suggesting that I was drunk; I had to do our stables afterwards—I knew that Gardner was the name of the man I was asked to be bail for, but I did not know the prisoner was his brother till afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-106" type="surname" value="THURSBY"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-106" type="given" value="HENRY JAMES"/>HENRY JAMES THURSBY</persName> </hi>. I live at 423, Cable Street, and am in Mr. Tadman's employ—on August 29th, at nine p.m., I heard a cry of "Stop
<lb/>thief!" and the prisoner ran almost into my arms, and turned round and stumbled as he came, and then turned back again—about a fortnight afterwards I saw him at the station with fifteen or sixteen other men, and identified him—I knew his face the moment I saw him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> On the Tuesday night Mr. Tadman said, "We have got the chap who took my watch; I want you to go to—night and identify him"—I described the man who ran into my arms to the police, as about my height, hardly as tall, slight moustache, and a light jacket buttoned up, or a guernsey.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I told Mr. Tadman that I had seen the man, and he asked me to identify him—I saw Mr. Tadman in the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-107" type="surname" value="NEENDROFF"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-107" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN NEENDROFF</persName> </hi>. On August 29th I was living at Dr. Barnardo's, in Dock Street, and about nine p.m. I heard a cry of "Stop thief!"—I saw a man run out of Short Street towards the railway arch; he stumbled and fell on his right knee—I put my hand on his shoulder, and somebody called out, "Look out, missis; he has got a knife!"—I saw his face—he got away from me, as I had a baby in my arms—Mr. Tadman came to the corner, and the man jumped up and went across the street—I after-wards picked him out from a lot of others at the Police—station; the prisoner is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I hesitated because I did not see any cuff, or anything round his neck, but I was certain of his features—I am certain of him now; the more I see him in the dock the more certain I get—this all happened in a moment—I go to Mrs. Tadman's every day; she has been very kind to me as regards my little boy, but my husband supports me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner looked up in my face, and he was very white, like a corpse when I saw him at the station he was dressed like a gentleman, but he had no cutis or collar on.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-108" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-108" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police—Sergeant</hi> II). I found the prisoner detained at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130019"/>
<p>Bridewell Police—station—I told him the charge—he said nothing, but afterwards he said, "I would not do such a thing to Mr. Tadmun; he came to bail my brother out the other day. I was at Charley Elphin
<lb/>stone's the other evening, and we talked about my brother being stabbed"—he was taken to the station and identified by four wit
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mrs. Neendroff hesitated—Mrs. Stephenson and her daughter failed to identify him—on September 6th Tadman said, "Who ever is brought in will be identified," but I did not take much notice of what he said, because he was under the influence of drink—he could speak, but he was very excited.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-109" type="surname" value="ELSMORE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-109" type="given" value="HERBERT CHARLES"/>HERBERT CHARLES ELSMORE</persName> </hi>. I am a hospital surgeon—I was on duty on August 29th, when Tadman was brought in—he had a compound fracture of the right fore—arm; both bones were broken across, and there was a small wound in the skin by the bone coming through it, and bruising on the back of his arm by his elbow—the injuries were serious; he was under my treatment about a week, and then he was sent to the out-patients' department—I do not think he will have the use of his hand again.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The injuries might have been caused by a fall.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-110" type="surname" value="TADMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-110" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS TADMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I am married—my wife had seen the prisoner when he came to me about being bail for his brother—I first identified him in the public—house in the Old Bailey—my wife was with me; she had been out four days, looking for him—it was in consequence of something she said that I went to the public—house to find him—while I was in the hospital I made a communication to my wife as to who the man was who took my watch.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at Chelmsford on October</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890,
<hi rend="italic">of robbery from the person.—
<rs id="t18931113-26-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-26-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-26-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-18931113 t18931113-26-punishment-22"/>Eighteen Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-27">
<interp inst="t18931113-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-27" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-18931113 t18931113-27-offence-1 t18931113-27-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-27-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-18931113 t18931113-27-offence-1 t18931113-27-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-27-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18931113" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18931113" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18931113" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WILLIAMS</hi> (20)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-27-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-27-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-18931113" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-18931113" type="surname" value="CARTWRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-18931113" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH CARTWRIGHT</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18931113-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-113" type="surname" value="MANN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-113" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-27-offence-1 t18931113-name-113"/>Thomas Mann</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEELING</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-114" type="surname" value="MANN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-114" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MANN</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 6, Great Smith Street, Westminster, which is a common lodging—house—on the Monday before this I gave evidence in some Police—court proceedings against the prisoner Williams' brother for robbing an old man in the same lodging house—Cartwright was a witness for him—he was found guilty—on the following Wednesday, at one a.m., I was in bed, and was awoke by a blow on my mouth, and saw both the prisoners in the room; they live there—they knocked me about—Cartwright said, "Come on, that is enough," and they went away for ten minutes—Cartwright waited outside the door, and Williams said, "Now, you b——, you got my brother six weeks; I will stab you to the heart"—I struggled with him, and felt a knife go into my thigh and into my arm—I called for help, and they ran away—I gave Williams in charge—I was taken to the hospital—I believe Williams had had a drop, and had been
<hi rend="italic">put on to</hi> it—I have always known him to be a very quiet fellow.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Cartwright.</hi> I saw you outside the door, because</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130020"/>
<p>the light winch hung outside shows a light into our room; you had no coat on, only your waistcoat—it was not too dark to recognise the two of you in the room—there was a lamp on the opposite wall shining in at the window—my lip was cut.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-115" type="surname" value="GOODE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-115" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH GOODE</persName> </hi>. I am night deputy at this lodging—house—on October 18th, early in the morning, I heard a man scream—I ran upstairs, and saw the two prisoners coming out of Mann's room—Cartwright was dressed in fustian trousers and a black coat and cap—Williams came out first—I asked what they were doing; Cartwright said, "What has that to do with you?"—I went into Mann's room, and saw him on the bed; blood was flowing from his thigh—I told the manager, who sent for a constable, and Mann was taken to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Cartwright.</hi> You had your coat on when you came down the stairs; you hung it on the horse in the back kitchen, because it was wet.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There is a street lamp opposite Mann's room, which lights it up a little, and shines on the stairs leading to the room—there is gas on the stairs, but they wind—the gas is on the lower landing, and there is a door always closed between the light and Mann's room—I could see the prisoners coming from Mann's room; neither of them had any business there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-116" type="surname" value="CUSH"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-116" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CUSH</persName> </hi> (619
<hi rend="italic">A</hi>). On October 18th, at one a.m., I was on duty in the Broad Sanctuary—Goode came out to me, and I went with him to the lodging—house, and saw Mann bleeding from three wounds; one on his thigh, one on his arm, and one on his hand—I went to a back room and found Williams there, hid behind some boards and ladders—I told him I should take him for stabbing the prosecutor—he said, "Very well, I will go quiet"—I took him to the station—he was sober, but he may have been drinking—I took Mann to the hospital—I found this table—knife among the boards, where Williams had been hiding—Goode said, "That is the man," pointing to Cartwright, who said, "I don't know nothing at all about it; I will go quiet"—he was charged at the station, and made no answer—the knife seems to have been rubbed on a step or a stone.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Cartwright.</hi> I went through the kitchen when I went after Williams, but do not recollect seeing you there—Mann only said that you were one of those who assaulted him, not stabbed him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mann went through the kitchen with me to look for Williams—I do not recollect seeing Cartwright there—I asked the prisoners if the knife belonged to them, and Cartwright said, in Williams's presence, that it belonged to Williams.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-117" type="surname" value="GOSSAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-117" type="given" value="WILLIAM HERBERT"/>WILLIAM HERBERT GOSSAGE</persName> </hi>. I am house surgeon at Westminster Hospital—Mann was brought in, suffering from three incised wounds; one on his right arm, one on his left thigh, and one on his left hand—the wound on his arm was an inch and a half long, but not very deep; it went through the skin; I stitched it up—that on his thigh was two and a half inches long, and divided the muscles—he complained of being struck on his face, but I found no mark—this knife would cause the injuries—they were not dangerous, but they would cause pain—his thigh was not bleed
<lb/>ing when I saw it, but I think he had lost a good deal of blood.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cartwright's statement before the Magistrate;</hi> "I had nothing to do with it."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130021"/>
<hi rend="italic">Williams's defence.</hi> I beg for mercy; I was drunk, and know nothing about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cartwright's defence.</hi> I had just paid for my lodging, and heard a noise overhead, and having seen Williams just before and knowing he had threatened to do something to the man, I went up and saw Williams and pushed him downstairs and followed afterwards. You have only Mann's statement, and my word is as good as his. There was a great deal of noise while the stabbing was going on.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.—</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-18931113 t18931113-27-punishment-23"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CARTWRIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-27-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-27-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-27-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-28">
<interp inst="t18931113-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-28" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-18931113 t18931113-28-offence-1 t18931113-28-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-28-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18931113" type="surname" value="CARTWRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18931113" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH CARTWRIGHT</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18931113-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> for assaulting
<persName id="t18931113-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-119" type="surname" value="MANN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-119" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-28-offence-1 t18931113-name-119"/>Thomas Mann</persName>, and occasioning him actual bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEELING</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-29">
<interp inst="t18931113-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-29" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-18931113 t18931113-29-offence-1 t18931113-29-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-29-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18931113" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18931113" type="surname" value="LEDWITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18931113" type="given" value="HENRY FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY FREDERICK LEDWITH</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence, with others, on
<persName id="t18931113-name-121" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-121" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-121" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-121" type="given" value="KATIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-29-offence-1 t18931113-name-121"/>Katie King</persName>, and stealing a bag and 1/2d., her property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MCMORRAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">KATIE KING</hi>. I am a machinist, of 64, Shepherdess Walk, Hoxton—on October 23rd, about 7.15 p.m., I was in Murray Street—I had a bag containing my purse, two or three needles, and other articles—I was. stopped in Allington Street by three lads; the prisoner is one of them—one put his back against me and snatched my bag—I was going to run after him, but the prisoner knocked me down—on the Thursday evening following I saw the prisoner, to the best of my belief, and two others—a policeman came," and they ran away, and one of them jumped into a coal cellar—I afterwards identified the prisoner at the station among several others—I was hurt—I had money in my purse—the prisoner said before the Magistrate, "It was not me struck you at all; it was a short
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi>, with a light coat on."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You did not take my bag, but you knocked me down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-122" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-122" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HALL</persName> </hi>. I am eleven years old, and live at 112, Mitre Street—I saw a crowd round a young woman in Murray Street—after that I saw the prisoner and two other boys, and then I saw the girl run after him, arid a man stopped her—the smallest boy had a bag—I picked out the prisoner from others at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see you strike her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There was a lady there with a bad leg—I do not know whether she had just broken it, and then I looked and saw another crowd round the prosecutrix—I cannot say what they did to her, but they all ran down a court—I knew the prisoner by sight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-123" type="surname" value="BAGNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BAGNELL</persName> </hi>. I am eleven years old—I was with Hall, and saw a crowd round a young woman in Murray Street—the prisoner was one of them—I am sure he is the man—I raw three of them run through the court, and she ran after them; the prisoner was one of them—I knew him by sight; he used to work there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-124" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-124" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SCOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant G</hi>). On October 27th, from information, I went to Allcott's saw—mills, where the prisoner was at work, and said I should take him for assault on Monday, the 23rd—he said, "What time?"</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130022"/>
<p>—I said, "About 7.15"—he said, "Oh! I was at the first house at the Variety Theatre"—he was taken to the station, placed with five others, and the prosecutrix and witnesses identified him—he said that it was a man with a light coat who pushed her down—they gave him a good character at Allcott's, and said he had been working there ten weeks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-125" type="surname" value="LEDWITH"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-125" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA LEDWITH</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's mother—my husband is a waterside labourer—we live at 24, Paxton Street; the prisoner lives with us—I had been to work on this Thursday with my little girl, and came home at 5.35, and found him having his tea—he went to bed at 6.30, and did not get up again till next morning, when he went to work at 5.45—I know nothing about him on the Monday.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I remember the night in question, because I had been to do a day's work—I often do a day's work—he is not in the habit of going to bed at 6.30, but he said he did not feel very well, and I wanted him to take pills—he is a good boy at home, and always brought his money home, to a penny.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-126" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-126" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA HALL</persName> </hi>. I am Mrs. Ledwith's landlady's daughter—on the Thursday before I was examined at the Police—court I was at home, and the young lad came home and had his tea before his mother came in, and after tea he went into the yard and washed himself, and said he was going to bed—he has been a well—conducted boy during the ten weeks I have known him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I passed the parlour door and saw him lying on the bed—he could not have got up without my knowing it, because I was sitting there—I fix the night because Mrs. Ledwith was out cleaning—she goes out two or three days a week.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-127" type="surname" value="HOMES"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-127" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH HOMES</persName> </hi>. I am the landlady—on Thursday night the prisoner was at home—I know that because Mrs. Ledwith asked me to open the door if anybody called—I sat up to answer the door, and am sure the prisoner did not go out.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday and Friday, November</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Bruce.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-30">
<interp inst="t18931113-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-30" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-18931113 t18931113-30-offence-1 t18931113-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-30-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-18931113 t18931113-30-offence-1 t18931113-30-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-30-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18931113" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18931113" type="surname" value="ABIB"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18931113" type="given" value="ZACHARIAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ZACHARIAH ABIB</hi> (30)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-30-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-30-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-18931113" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-18931113" type="surname" value="VALENSIN"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-18931113" type="given" value="MOSES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOSES VALENSIN</hi> (23)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18931113-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/> feloniously setting fire to a dwelling—house at 9,
<placeName id="t18931113-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-30-offence-1 t18931113-geo-1"/>Church Row, Aldgate</placeName>, with intent to injure and defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Abib.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-130" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-130" type="given" value="FRANK WILLIAM"/>FRANK WILLIAM FOSTER</persName> </hi>, architect and surveyor, of Warwick Lodge, Kingston,
<hi rend="italic">produced plans of the premises</hi>, 9,
<hi rend="italic">Church Row, Aldgate; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK HOLT MCLOCHLIN</hi>, architectural modeller,
<hi rend="italic">produced and proved a model of the same.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-131" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-131" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY LLOYD</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at 8, Church Row, Aldgate, next door to 9—in the early morning of 17th October I was awake, and heard Aldgate Church strike two, and about twenty five minutes or half—past two I heard cries of "Fire! Fire!"—I immediately got out of bed, and went to a window on the landing and looked out, and saw the prisoner Valensin leaning out of the window of the first floor of No. 9—I said, "What is the matter?"—he said, "The place is on fire"—I only</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130023"/>
<p>saw smoke coming from the window; it seemed a goodish bit of smoke—I said, "Get out; the window is low; jump out"—I immediately turned round and went in for some of my clothes, and went out—as I opened the street door I saw Valensin in the court, in his drawers, socks, and shirt; he had been got down by two men—he was trembling very violently, and could hardly speak; I think it was fright—the night was cold, but nothing severe—he seemed very much frightened—he asked for A drink of water—I pulled him into the passage of No. 8—I gave him some water, and afterwards took him to my room—he had got all his clothes on then, except his hat, and he felt a little better, but he was not quite the thing—he kept complaining of his chest being so sore through the smoke and shouting out—when the fire was over he was allowed to go in and dress—when I got out into the street the fireman was there, and a constable and the two young men who had helped the prisoner out of the window—when he was in my room I got some coffee for him, and while he was drinking it I said to him, "How did the fire commence?"—he said, "I do not know"—he said he went to bed at one o'clock and went to sleep, and woke up through the smoke; that he got up and put his hand on the wainscote; it was so hot he could not keep his hand there—he Opened the door, but could not get down; he was half choked—he said that his employer stopped there till twelve to make his accounts up—he said, "I left home at half—past five to go to my employer at Walworth to acquaint him of the fire; I returned with him to No. 8; I just went to the bottom of the road with him"—after the fire was over Valensin stopped in my room till about half—past five.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. I gave evidence at the Coroner's inquiry—I said there that Valensin appeared very much frightened, and was half suffocated—that was so; he was very much frightened and trembling violently—it was not put on, he really was frightened; he looked very bad and very white—after he had got his clothes on he seemed half suffocated—he said his chest was very sore—he did not tell me that the shouting out had hurt his chest; he said the smoke had half choked him—when he was leaning out of the window and I was leaning out we could have touched each other's hands—he seemed like a man stupefied—he said he had been reading before he went to bed—I had never seen him before that night.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-132" type="surname" value="WELLER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-132" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WELLER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 984). On Tuesday, 17th October, in the early morning, I was on duty in High Street, Aldgate—I heard someone halloaing "Murder!"—I went to the place from which the voice came and found a fire at 9, Church Row, at a distance of about twice the length of this Court; I found Valensin sitting in the window immediately over the bay of the front shop—there was no one else there; I was the first to arrive—I saw smoke coming from the window where he was sitting; I saw no flames—I told him to come down—by that time two men had arrived; one of them got on the other's shoulders and pulled him down—I then blew my whistle, and the fireman came—I did not see water thrown, on the fire; I remained till the fire was out—from the time I heard the cry of murder till the fire was out was about fifteen minutes—I then went back to my beat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. From the time I got there till Valen—s</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130024"/>
<p>sin was helped out was about a minute—he seemed very much frightened; it seemed genuine fright—I don't think it was put on—the roof he would have got on to was a little on the slope.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-133" type="surname" value="HOCKLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-133" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HOCKLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a fireman, No.30, in the Fire Brigade stationed at the Bishopsgate Fire Station—that is about 300 yards from Church Row—on 17th October, about 2.34 a.m., I got an alarm of fire, and went to 9, Church Row with a hose—car, an escape, and three men—when I got to the door I found a constable keeping the door, which was shut—I entered the shop and passed through to the room at the back, which was on fire—I came out into the street and got a street hydrant at work, and put out the fire—it took me about seven or eight minutes—the door between the shop and the back room was open—I did not notice whether there was a lamp on the table—there was considerable strength of water from the hose; it would easily knock over a lamp—Superintendent Smith arrived, and he took charge—the biggest blaze seemed to be on the right, towards the fireplace.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. I was four or five minutes on the scene before the superintendent arrived—at that time the hydrant had been got to work and playing two or three minutes; I dare say 90 or 100 gallons of water had been discharged in five minutes—I should not think the hydrant had been playing more than eight minutes at the very outside, if not less—there were three men, and they relieved each other—I remained till the fire was over—I cannot say how many firemen went inside that night—only one would be there until the superintendent came.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-134" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-134" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am Superintendent of the London County Council Fire Brigade; my station is in the Commercial Road—I received notice of this fire at 2.34 in the morning of 17th October—I at once went to the house with the engine and some men—I found the fire burning in the back room of No. 9, Church Row—it was extinguished in about a minute after I arrived—the moment after the fire was extinguished the room, would be full of steam and smoke—after that had cleared off I made an examination of the room by the aid of a lantern, with Superintendent Ford, of the London Salvage Corps—he arrived shortly after me—I found two fires; one by the cigar—boxes between two doors—it began nearly at the bottom, underneath the small table—I saw nothing at the bottom to account for the fire—when I made my examination the fire was extinguished—there was a little debris of wood and paper shavings in front of the cigar—boxes which had teen charred—the debris was about as much as could be held in two hands—I examined the clean shavings alongside the front of the cigar—boxes—they smelt very strongly of paraffin—I examined one handful—the small table in front was almost completely destroyed; it was weakened by the fire, and broken to pieces by our men going into the place—the under side and the legs were damaged by fire, charred—the outside of the fronts of the cigar—boxes were very much charred, but not burnt through, only one or two boxes—the door next the cigar—boxes had a glass panel; that was charred—the ceiling was papered—that was not all burnt—the paper immediately above the cigar—boxes was burnt, but the part between the two fires was not—the second fire originated in the coal basket—I produce the basket—there was some</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130025"/>
<p>coal in the bottom of it and some rags; they smelt strongly of paraffin; there are pieces on it now—that basket and its contents had been nearly burnt, and it had damaged the front of the sloping desk, and considerably charred the paper casing of the beam directly over it—I found two packing—cases next the sloping desk—they contained several cardboard boxes of cigarettes, some full—the tops of two boxes were not on them—when I first examined the boxes they were standing side by side; afterwards someone placed one on the top of the other—they were charred on the side nearest the sloping desk—those were the only tires I discovered on that occasion—there was no connection between them; they were near about eight feet apart—there was a show—case on the side of the room—there was some glass on it broken, and broken pieces of glass on the floor in front of it—the door of it was shut—it contained principally empty cigarette card—boxes—in front of it were some wood and paper shavings, extending about six inches, and about three inches deep, the full length of the show—case; those shavings were not touched by fire—I examined them; they smelt very strongly of paraffin—I should think there must have been quite half a gallon of paraffin required to saturate the shavings and rags—I made a subsequent examination on 3rd November, jointly with Mr. Ford, by daylight—I went over the same ground I have spoken of, and I then found signs of another fire, under the writing table, in the centre of the room—I found the bottom part of a waste—paper basket, with some paper in it, affected more or less by fire—the bottom, part was consumed by fire; I produce it—at the time I found it it smelt of paraffin—the under side of the table was considerably burnt—the drawers are here—there was no connection between that fire and either of the others—there was an old carpet on the floor, and on the edges of the bottom of the basket the carpet was affected by fire, in a circle; the carpet was also affected by the other two fires in the vicinity of them, but not in the spaces between the tires—there were some shavings lying along, in front of the boxes under the window, similar to the others; I think about half a bushel—they also smelt of paraffin, but they had not been, affected by the fire—I examined one or two of the pile of cigar—boxes; three or four were full, and one or two were empty—I saw a broken lamp on the floor, about midway between the table and the fireplace; I should think that it had been knocked over by the stream of water coming in at the door—I carefully examined the remains of that lamp—I have had experience of exploded lamps—I should think this lamp had not been broken by explosion—I should think the receiver would hold about half a pint—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are the remains of that lamp—I do not think there was any explosion; if there had been I should have expected the roller to have been damaged, and the receiver broken into more pieces, and it would also have shown signs of tire on the floor, and on the top of the table on which the lamp stood, which had a leather covering—that was curled up from the heat, but not burned—I should say this lamp was a very good one; I won't say it was a safety lamp—I saw this can containing, paraffin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) which was found under the counter; it is an ordinary half—gallon can; it had a small funnel in the mouth; it was not corked—I shook it; it contained a little paraffin; I did not measure it, but I should think it was about half a pint; I poured out a little of it—there was no fire in the shop.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130026"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. I have been in the Fire Brigade twenty—two years—I know that a great many fires in the Metropolis are caused by paraffin lamps—this is the only piece of the lamp that was found—I believe there were other portions; I did not see them—this was found on the floor, between the writing—table and the centre of the room and the fireplace; the top was found near it—I do not know of any lamp that is absolutely a safety—I think most probably the lamp was on the table, and knocked off the table—I should not expect it to have left fragments—I should say the lamp must have been four or five feet from the cigar—boxes, and about the same distance from the coal basket—I think the height of the table was about six feet by four—the shavings were not the ordinary shavings of a carpenter's shop; they are fine wood shavings. This (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is a specimen of the unborn shavings taken from the floor in the back room, and this is a sample taken from the basement—there was no fire in the basement—these are the two cases of which I have spoken which show marks of burning, and this is the paraffin can. These shavings are of wood, such as would probably be found in any place used for packing goods—I saw one lamp intact hanging to the ceiling in the shop, and this broken one in the back room—there was a cradle for the lamp in the shop; it looked as though it had been taken from the lamp in the shop and taken into the back room—there was another complete lamp in the shop window—I went into the basement—I did not notice anything there but a w. c.—I simply went in the basement to see if there was any fire there—I found none—I did not know what the basement contained—Hockley and two or three other men had gone into the back room before me—Hockley held a light—I don't think any other men came in—the floor was partly carpeted, and there were boxes lying about—I should say about 100 gallons of water were thrown from the hydrant, and about one—third of it went out of the window into the churchyard—the whole of the contents on the floor would, of course, be wet—the shavings were saturated with paraffin in three separate places; there was no fire on them—I did not see the waste—paper basket on the night of the fire; I saw it on the 3rd of this month—I had been there before that, but I did not notice it then—I should say it was from fifteen to eighteen inches under the table—I did not notice the state of the table till it was pointed out to me this morning by Mr. Ford—I was there yesterday; the table was in the same place then as it was before—I do not know whether this paper was in the waste—paper basket when I saw it; I believe it was—the basket was burnt down to the level—the top part of the paper was more or less burnt, and that protected the lower part.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Valensin.</hi> I did not knock about the shavings with my feet—there were probably two inches of water on the floor—I did not ask you about the paraffin—I asked you if you could account for the cause of the fire, and you said you could not.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The Salvage Corps got rid of the water by ripping up the carpet and cutting a hole in the floor, and it went down into the basement—I have never seen a paraffin lamp explode; I have seen them afterwards—I have given reasons for thinking that the lamp was knocked off the table, and not exploded; I think the immediate vicinity of the explosion would have shown signs of it—there were some books and paper</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130027"/>
<p>on the table—I asked Valensin where the remains of the lamp were—he said he had left it standing on the table, shored up with books, as it had not a flat bottom—the other lamp was precisely similar in size, and the cradles of both were the same—the cradles were hanging from the roof in the shop; one had no lamp in it—Valensin told me that his master left about half—past eleven that night, and that he had never gone into the room after he left; he was still reading in the shop—he could see into the room from the shop, through the glass door; he could tell whether the lamp was burning when he went to bed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-135" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-135" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FORD</persName> </hi>. I am Superintendent of the Salvage Corps in Commercial Road—I have had twenty—five years' experience of fires—about ten minutes to three on the morning of the 17th October I went to 9, Church Row—the fire was then extinguished—I went with Superintendent Smith, and made an examination of the premises by lamp—light—the pile of cigar—boxes between the two fires were affected by fire—on the floor at the bottom of the boxes I found a pile of shavings, partly consumed—they smelt very strongly of paraffin oil, exceptionally so—on the 24th, after the inquest on the 23rd, I was visiting the premises in the ordinary course of my duty, and I then took three samples of the shavings in front of the cigar—boxes—I counted the cigar—boxes between the doors; there were ninety—four empty ones and four full, placed on the tops—by the fireplace: there was the coal basket, on the top of which were some rags and shavings intermixed—I produce a sample—underneath the window there were some tin boxes stacked up, and on the floor a number of empty card—boxes, which apparently had been displaced by the firemen; and some shavings between the show—case and the writing—table—I smelt those; they were very strong of paraffin—at the bottom of the show—case there were shavings smelling of paraffin—later on, on the 2nd November, I made further examination—I then found that the under side of the table near the window was charred, and under the charred portion I found this waste—paper basket burnt at the edges—it contained some shavings which had accidentally been placed over it by the water, and beneath was some waste paper, a sample of which I produce—it smelt very strongly of paraffin, and smells very strongly now—it consists of empty card—boxes, and at the top were several full boxes of cigarettes—I saw the broken lamp—I have met with a great many cases of lamp explosions—I have examined the remains of this lamp—in my opinion it was not broken by explosion; the condition of the burnerpoints that out conclusively—it has indications of having been knocked over—if it had exploded it would have gone into a great many more pieces—it is an ordinary safety burner—I saw Valensin on the morning of the fire, about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour after my arrival—I asked him if he could give any account of the occurrence; he said he could not—he said that he let his master out about half—past eleven, that he bolted the door and went down below to the lavatory with a candle, and then came upstairs, but did not go into the back room; in fact, he said he had not gone into the back room since his master left—I asked him if he knew that his master was insured—he said he did not—I went into the room over the shop; there was a bed in it, a sort of wicker—work, which they could use in the trade—it was not at all disarranged; it was of such a character that two persons would afford no indication of having</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130028"/>
<p>been in it—there was a diagonal line of smoke on the bed, showing that a quantity of smoke had come into the room from the stairway—I saw no connection between the different fires; they were entirely distinct.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. I think, from their general appearance, that the fires had been burning about an equal time—Mr. Smith was there when I arrived—he did not give me any opinion as to the cause of the fire, he simply pointed to the fire by the cigar—boxes—when I entered I thought I was going into an oil—shop instead of a tobacco shop—I formed no impression till I saw the contents of the back room—there is very rarely a smell from the vapour caused by paraffin—this lamp is what is ordinarily called a safety burner—paraffin is a very funny thing—I have not had much experience of paraffin, but these burners are considered safe—a large number of fires are caused by the capsizing of paraffin lamps, not by explosion—an explosion would principally arise from a bad—fitting wick in a common burner—it allows of an aperture between the burner and the wick, so as to generate a vapour and cause the flame to descend, and cause a contact which makes an explosion; that is quite of a different character from the present case—if the lamp had merely fallen I should have expected more pieces of it remaining, but the debris has not yet been turned over; there are one or two small pieces lying about—one of them is stamped, "Suta Cigarette Company, 19, Leadenhall Street"—there was some loose tobacco in the basement, about four and a half pounds, and also about four and a quarter pounds in a packing—case in the back room first floor—I should call that a workroom, and there were several parcels of paper for making cigarettes—there were three work—benches in the upstairs room for the
<hi rend="italic">employees</hi> to work at—I do not know that Abib used it as a factory for feeding other shops—I found the remains of the waste—paper basket on the carpet under the table, about the centre of the end of the table, about fifteen inches from the end nearest the window.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-136" type="surname" value="HASLOP"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-136" type="given" value="PHILIP JOSEPH"/>PHILIP JOSEPH HASLOP</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Langham, Coroner for the City of London—I was present on the 23rd October at an inquiry at the City Mortuary, Golden Lane, when the two prisoners were sworn and examined—I produce their statements, which the Coroner took down and read over to them, and they signed them. (
<hi rend="italic">They were read as follows</hi>:—"Zachariah Abib, 205, Walworth Road, cigarette maker, being sworn, saith: I carried on business at No. 9, Church Row, High Street, Aldgate, as a cigarette manufacturer, three or four months, as a weekly tenant I had previously carried on business at No. 8, Church Row, for three or four years. I was then tenant to Mr. Weiss. I paid 10s. per week rent. I paid the rent up to within a week. I cannot say exactly what was the nature of the stock at the time of the fire. It would consist of tobacco and cigars, and cigarettes, and tin boxes. The cigarettes are made of pure tobacco. I am insured in the North British and Mercantile Insurance Company for £500 for stock and fixtures. I don't know what I laid out for fixtures. I had a shop in St. Mary Axe, and I transferred it to the same place; it was retail in St. Mary Axe, and wholesale in Church Row. The tobacco is in brown paper. I had two lamps, in which I burned paraffin. Half a gallon of paraffin takes two days, and sometimes three days, to burn. One lamp on the table where I write, and one in the shop window. There is one room upstairs, and one smaller,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130029"/>
<p>and the shop downstairs. The fire took place on Tuesday, the 17th inst, at 2.34. I was not on the premises. I left at half—past nine on Monday evening to go to another shop at St. Martin's Court, Charing Cross. I have a retail shop there. I came back at twenty minutes past eleven; I waited about ten or twelve minutes, and then left to go home to Walworth Road. My man came about six o'clock in the morning; he told me there had been a fire, and I went at once, and when I got there the fire was out. I left Moses Valensin on the premises when I went out at half—past nine, and I found him there when I went back at twenty past eleven, and I left him there when I went home. He slept there, and was on the premises at the time of the tire. He had nothing to do, but merely to take care of the premises. I could see the fire had broken out in the office when I went on Tuesday morning; it had broken out in one place in the office. I did not notice any shavings on the floor. I did not know these shavings were saturated with paraffin. I had not had any quarrel with Valensin, nor was he under notice to leave. Sometimes splints are used in packing, and some boxes had arrived two days before which contained these splints. These splints were put in a basket; they lay about at night, and are cleared up in the morning.
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>: I always returned after coming from my West—end House. There was about 25 lbs. of tobacco, and about 30,000 cigarettes altogether. Altogether it would be worth £100. I owe about £200 for some tobacco and cigarettes. I do not give much credit. I can't tell exactly what is owing to me. I had a partner, but he left about four or five weeks ago. I owe the Suta Cigarette Company £40. I have been in St. Martin's Court for ten months, and I pay 8s. a week for the rent there. I cannot say what the value of the stock there amounts to. I have a retail shop in Walworth Road. I have no banking account; I pay everything in cash. Both myself and Valensin smoke on the premises; we smoke cigarettes. The policy produced is dated the 5th October, 1893; is for £500, from the 4th September, 1893, to 29th September, 1894, both inclusive, and is for stock, fixtures, and utensils.—Z.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ABIB</hi>.</p>
<p>"Moses Valensin, 12, Stratford Houses, Wentworth Street, Commercial Street East, cigarette maker, and assistant to Mr. Abib, being sworn, saith: I have been in the employ of Mr. Abib for about two years. Mr. Abib was formerly at No. 8 and 9, Church Row, and moved into No. 9 altogether. I have slept on the premises, No. 9, since I have been there—I occupied the top floor. Mr. Abib carried on the business of a cigarette maker. I was there on the night of the fire. I went to bed about one o'clock. I was reading. I took a candle and candlestick up to my room. I used the paraffin lamp to read with, and I turned it quite out when I left off reading. I had a cigarette when downstairs. I woke up about half—past two; there was a bad smell and the heat I opened the door of my room, and the smoke came in. I opened the window and called out for help. A gentleman from next door came out, and told me to jump down, and after two men came and caught hold of my legs, and I got down. It is about ten or twelve feet from the window—ledge to the ground. There were cases containing splints with cigarettes; one was in the office. I do not know anything as to the value of the stock on the premises at the time of the fire. I did not know that Mr. Abib was insured until the morning of the fire, when I asked him. We had a fair business. The</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130030"/>
<p>fire broke out in the office; I saw where it was; there was no paraffin that I know of except in the can. I lighted the cigarette in the office, and I did not notice any of the ashes fall down. I do not know how the fire was occasioned.
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>: I had half a gallon of paraffin in the shop. In the absence of the governor I take the money. There were lots of empty boxes. There were four people at work on the premises the day before. I do not know anything as to the value of the stock.—M.
<hi rend="smallCaps">VALENSIN</hi>. Moses Valensin, being recalled, said, "I blew out the paraffin lamp when I left off reading; I blew it from the top. This lamp was in the office."
<hi rend="smallCaps">WITNESS</hi>: This policy was produced by Abib. (
<hi rend="italic">This was a policy with the North British and Mercantile Assurance Company for</hi> £500,
<hi rend="italic">dated 5th October</hi>, 1893.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-137" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-137" type="given" value="ELI SALTER"/>ELI SALTER COLLINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Inspector</hi>). On the 23rd October I attended the fire inquest held by the City Coroner—after the verdict I took both the prisoners into custody, and took them to Bishopsgate Station—I there charged them with unlawfully and maliciously setting fire to 9, Church Row, with intent to defraud the North British Insurance Company—Abib said, "I know nothing about it; I was in bed"—Valensin said nothing—on that day I saw the carpet removed from the back room of 9, Church Row—it is here, and is marked to show the three places of distinct fires. (
<hi rend="italic">The carpet was produced, and examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. I do not know that Abib has any friends except the woman he was living with, and a young lady who keeps one of his shops—he had a shop in St. Mary Axe, but he sold it—I know he had a partner, a Mr. Weiss, and he had a shop in St. Martin's Court, the one in Church Row, and one at 205, Walworth Road, where he lived.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-138" type="surname" value="PEACHEY"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-138" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT PEACHEY</persName> </hi>. I am agent to the owner of 9, Church Row—in April last Abib applied to me for those premises—there was an agreement for a weekly tenancy of 11s. for the basement, ground floor, and first floor—there was only one week's rent in arrear at the time of this fire.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. I generally collected the rent; sometimes I sent a clerk—I saw either Abib or his man employed there—he told me he only took the premises for stock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-139" type="surname" value="BLACKALL"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-139" type="given" value="ALFRED CHARLES"/>ALFRED CHARLES BLACKALL</persName> </hi>. I am an inspector of agents for the London Amicable Accident Insurance Company, and live at 13, Theobald's Road—at the end of July this year I was agent for an insurance of a shop of Abib's at St. Mary Axe—I went to see Abib about a life policy, and he then spoke to me about a fire policy—he said he wished to transfer his policy from St. Mary Axe to Church Row, where he had removed his business—he also mentioned some other premises that he had, which he wished to insure—I did not take the addresses of those; one was in the neighbourhood of Charing Cross—the amount of the policy for St. Mary Axe was £300—I told him I had had so much difficulty in getting the money from him with regard to his life insurance, that I did not want to have anything to do with the matter, and he hail letter send in the notice of transfer himself to the North British Mercantile—I have held an agency for that company for a considerable time—on the morning of 17th October I met Abib in the Minories—he told me that a fire had taken place at the premises in Church Row—I said I presumed it would be a bad job for him—I did not know that he had affected an insurance—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130031"/>
<p>he said he had transferred his policy from the shop in St. Mary Axe to the premises in Church Row, and increased it to £500—he asked me to send in a notice of claim to the company—I told him he had better send it himself—he said a friend was going to issue it. for him—I told him of course the assessor would be sent from the company—he then said, not understanding the language perfectly well, he would be much obliged if I would send in the notice; which I did, on his behalf, by that night's post—I asked him if he knew what the damage was—he said he had not been admitted into the place since the fire, but he was going to make a claim for £200—he was very excited, and did not appear able to give much information—he had only seen his assistant for a short time, and the only information he had was from him—he said he did not think £250 would cover him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. I think he must have been insured about nine months—an inspection was made of his premises at St. Mary Axe, and in consequence of that he insured for £300—an officer would not be sent to inspect in an insurance of an ordinary house; he would on business premises—the premiums would become due quarterly—he told me that his assistant was in the house, and that the fire was of a. serious nature.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-140" type="surname" value="RYLE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-140" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RYLE</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the fire claims of the North British and Mercantile Insurance Company—this is one of our policies—on a. policy being surrendered an account of unexhausted premiums is taken—the premium was 4s. 6d. for these particular risks—the surrendered policy shows an insurance for £300—the annual premium of 13s. 6d. run
<lb/>ning from 18th November, 1892, to 25th December, 1893—the amount in the margin is the unexhausted premium of the other policy, for three months and four weeks, from 4th September, 1893—there is a surveyor's report on the premises, 9, Church Row—after the transfer of the policy a letter was received from Abib, stating that he desired the amount to be increased—we inspected the premises and the amount was made £500—if the inspector discovered any disparity between the amount proposed and the state of the property, it would be his duty to report it at once to the office—if there is any reason to suppose that there is an over insurance, the proposal is blocked, and if it is very bad it would be rejected.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. Abib appears to have gone to St. Mary Axe on 8th November, 1892—seeing the description of the house and the look of the stock enabled our representative to recommend the insurance for £300—a transfer is a matter of daily occurrence—I was not surprised at receiving such an application—I do not suggest any misrepresentation made by Abib to the company, or any concealment—he originally had part of No. 8 and the whole of No. 9—our surveyor in
<lb/>spected both houses in August—the percentage was not at all unusual—I heard Mr. Besley's opening as to the wretched description of the property, and I was somewhat surprised at hearing it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I don't know what the business at St. Mary Axe sold for; we had no idea it had been sold—it is clear that our surveyor made his report on the footing that it was a transfer of stock and utensils of the same value—Abib intimated that he wanted £500, and that he was giving up the part of No. 8 that he had occupied, and as we did not sus
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130032"/>
<p>him we did not consider the increase an unusual thing—it is a com
<lb/>mon thing to do.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. It is no uncommon thing for large city warehouses to take out short policies for large consignments of goods suddenly re
<lb/>ceived—such short policies are dear—no keen man of business would be likely to adopt it, because he would be paying unnecessary premium—it might be a matter of calculation—I can hardly answer from the side of the public.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">F.W. FOSTER</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Since I was examined this morning I have been to the premises, and I have examined thoroughly the roofing of the bay window facing the court—it is covered with lead; it is flat, with just enough slope to throw the water off—not so sloping that there is no foothold—I found no difficulty in getting out of the window next door and standing on a similar flat, and walking on to this next one—I should have had no difficulty in dropping from it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. There is a little string course of lead prevents your heels getting right back against the wall, but the place on which you stand is fifteen inches wide to the wall—it has the appearance of sloping because of the lead being hammered down over the top; but it has not that appearance from above.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-141" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-141" type="surname" value="BEHAR"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-141" type="given" value="NISSIM"/>NISSIM BEHAR</persName> </hi>. I am an Oriental merchant, at 1, New Street, Bishops-gate—on 6th October I sold Abib 60,000 cigarettes, which were delivered the same day packed in these two wooden boxes—there were more in one box than in the other—inside the wooden cases were tin boxes (
<hi rend="italic">this is one</hi>), each containing ten cardboard boxes, and in each cardboard box were 100 cigarettes—some of the cardboard boxes were blue (
<hi rend="italic">this is one</hi>) and some pink—the total price due from Abib in respect of those cigar
<lb/>ettes was £98 odd—the terms of payment were two bills of exchange of about equal amounts, both at three months; but there was an under
<lb/>standing between us that I should renew one bill in case of necessity for another three months—it was practically three months' credit as to one—half the amount, and six months as to the other half—on 13th November I saw my two cases at 9, Church Row; the larger one was in the cellar empty, and the other one was in the back room with empty boxes in it, I think—I did not examine it to see what was in it—this business is really out of my way, and I cannot say whether shavings are used in packing cigarettes—I am not a cigarette importer, but these were sent to me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. What is sent to me I dispose of at the best price—this is a real Turkish cigarette—these would be the boxes they came over to me in—there is no printing of any kind on the boxes, but some of the cigarettes are stamped "Guaranteed Turkey," and there is another quality in the pink boxes in which the name of the firm appears on the cigar
<lb/>ette—there was nothing to prevent Suta taking these cigarettes with no name and repacking them—these blue boxes came from Turkey—these splints might come in the boxes from Turkey, or be put in the boxes in the docks when sample cigarettes were taken out—it might be necessary to go through the cigarettes to see if any I were damaged; they might come over mouldy if they were packed when the tobacco was damp—then they would have deteriorated in value—I had known Abib about two years—I knew him at St. Mary Axe, Wormwood Street, St. Martin's Court, Charing Cross, Woolwich, and Church Row, but not at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130033"/>
<p>Frith Street, Soho—I knew from what I heard from him at times that he had all those shops—I had done business with him several times—I had a good opinion of him—he owed me a little money when he bought the 60,000 cigarettes; he has paid me since—I have always known him to be straightforward; I cannot say anything against him—I don't know where he is a native of, but I believe he comes from Smyrna—I have im
<lb/>ported olives and Turkish delight for him from Constantinople—I don't know whether he has dealt in glass, but I know he has dealt in produce other than cigarettes—I imported a £35 parcel of olives for him; he has had good substantial parcels.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Thirty thousand of the cigarettes were in blue, and thirty thousand in pink boxes—these cigarettes do not fit these other pink boxes; they are a little tight—this pink box is smaller than the blue one—thirty thousand were marked with the name of a firm, and thirty thousand were not—the cigarettes in the pink boxes were of the same make as those in the blue boxes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-142" type="surname" value="JALFON"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-142" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB JALFON</persName> </hi>. I live and carry on business at 5, Cutler Street, Houndsditch—on 16th October I sold Abib 72 3/4 lbs. of Turkish tobacco at 4s. 4d. a lb., which came to £15 15s. 3d.—he paid me £7 deposit, and agreed to pay the balance next day—I delivered the tobacco myself at 9, Church Row, at a quarter to five—it was packed in eleven card—boxes and one tin box—this is one of the cardboard boxes—two weeks previously I had offered this tobacco to him—on the day he bought it Valensin told me to come inside, and he gave me a cigarette to smoke, and after a little while Abib came, and we made the transaction, and he told me to bring the tobacco before three if I could; I said I could not do it before 4.30, and I am sure it was 4.45 before I got there—he agreed to wait till 4.45 before buying elsewhere—when it was brought Abib weighed the boxes himself, and it was 72 3/4 lbs. net; and then he emptied four boxes into a large tin box, which he wheeled into the middle of the room, and one he put under the writing desk—then he gave me £7 deposit, and I went away, leaving the goods there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. The day I sold the tobacco I was passing Church Row, and Valensin was standing inside; I looked in, and he called me in—Abib did not come to me—I am not a tobacco merchant—I do commissions for different people; I do not act as broker—my principal business is that of Oriental merchant—this was Turkish tobacco, to be made into cigarettes—I have known Abib since he came over here; I daresay for seven or eight years—I had no business with him; I used to buy cigarettes of him sometimes—they told me they had a shop in St. Mary Axe, and I knew of the Church Row shop—he always bore a good character; I have nothing to say against him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-143" type="surname" value="HITCHCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-143" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HITCHCOCK</persName> </hi>. I am a photographer, of 205, Walworth Road—there are six rooms in that house—I let the shop and two rooms behind it, one on a level with the shop, and one on a landing, two or or three stairs up, to Abib, at 30s. a week—he came in on 21st September last—he opened the shop for the sale of cigarettes and tobacco—a young woman came with him, and lived with him all the time he was there—he had about 5s. worth of furniture belonging to him in the place.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. He paid the rent every week—I was only in the bedroom once; there was a little bed and bedstead; they were</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130034"/>
<p>in the back parlour behind the shop—there was no room behind that; the third room they made a fowls' house of—I am landlord of the house, and live there—I did not take possession of the place directly I heard of the arrest—I closed the shop because I could not leave it open—the young lady who carried it on left my little child to mind it while she went away with an officer, and I sent to the Police—station to see if they had detained her, and I told the inspector they had left my little boy to mind it, and I should shut it up, and that was how I came to go through the bedroom, in order to shut it up—I have got a deputy tenant for the shop now, until we have had the place cleaned up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-144" type="surname" value="SKINNER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-144" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SKINNER</persName> </hi>. I am fourteen years of age—I am employed by Mr. Hammond, stationer, of 207, Walworth Road, next door to 205, of which Abib was tenant—on Monday evening, 16th October, about seven. I saw Abib drive up to the door of 205 in a cab—there were some cardboard boxes on the cab of mixed sizes, and a few cigar—boxes like these produced, and some smaller—they were on the top of the footboard and inside; it was a full load; there were about two bundles of between thirty and forty boxes—they were taken off the cab and taken inside 205—Abib took in two lots, and Miss Lock came and took them off him—it took about six journeys to unload the cab.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. I was examined at Guildhall—I said there, "I saw him take two lots of boxes out of the cab into the shop," then he took them off the cab and gave them to Miss Lock"—Mr. Hammond called my attention to it—the inspector and another gentleman afterwards came and asked me questions about it, and they went into the shop; that was when the shop was closed by the landlord, after the prisoner was arrested—they spoke about the cab and the boxes—I had not thought much of it before that—there were more than eight boxes and two cigar—boxes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi> It was Inspector Collins who spoke to me, and another officer—I told them what I had seen—Mr. Hammond was there, and he said what he had seen; he is my uncle—I had been in his service five or six weeks.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-145" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-145" type="given" value="HUGH DOUGLAS"/>HUGH DOUGLAS HAMMOND</persName> </hi>. I am a school stationer, at 207, Walworth Road—on an evening in October I saw a hansom drive up to 205; I think it was on a Wednesday—I have not the date down; it was the same occasion to which my nephew speaks—Abib was with the cab—there were several paper parcels on the cab; they appeared to be a mixture tobacco and cigar—boxes of different sizes—those produced are some of them—the parcels went in very quick—I noticed wooden and tin boxes; they were tied together in bundles—a person could remove a great many at one handling—there were two or three on the roof of the cab)—I saw Abib bring some from the inside and some from the footboard, and there were some on the seat—the doors were open; it was all done in a very few seconds—he took things in several times—a young woman was at the door; he gave her some to carry—then the cab went away, and he went into the shop.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. I was standing at my door with the boy—the police came to me about this—they must have gone to the shop before coming to me—they asked me about the cab and boxes; they did</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130035"/>
<p>not suggest what was on the cab—they came to me a day or two after; it was pretty fresh in my mind.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It was Inspector Collins and Sergeant Abbott that came; it was after the inquest.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">E.S. COLLINS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Recalled</hi>). It was on the 24th October that I saw the two last witnesses, the day after the inquest—I did not suggest anything to them; I only asked if they had noticed a cab on a particular night; no night was mentioned—the boy gave me the day of the week and the month—I afterwards saw such boxes in the shop—Miss Lock was in posses
<lb/>sion at the time—I told her not to have them moved, but afterwards I found they had been moved to a sale—room in Aldgate the next day—I got admission to the shop, and found that the whole of the goods had been cleared out—I caused inquiries to be made, and Constable Savage went there, and he gave me these boxes this morning, and there are three more and a bag containing two, which I had seen in Walworth Road, because I took the writing of the weights on the boxes—the bag contained 4 lbs. 12 oz. of tobacco.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-146" type="surname" value="SAVAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-146" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SAVAGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). By direction of Inspector Collins I went last night to Mr. Norman's sale—rooms, 62A, Aldersgate Street—I there got this catalogue, and saw Mr. Bowen—by their permission I brought here this morning these six boxes which have been spoken to by Collins, and also this bag—the things were sold yesterday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-147" type="surname" value="NORMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-147" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN NORMAN</persName> </hi>. I am in partnership with Mr. Bowen, as auctioneers, at 62A, Aldersgate Street—this catalogue includes for sale the five boxes and bag of tobacco—it is headed in the catalogue, "Removed from Aldgate"—I cannot remember who put in those words; it must have been told to one of our clerks—I don't know that I could remember the person who brought them; I only saw him for a few minutes; he said he called from Mr. Farmer—they were brought on the 3rd November; the sale was fixed for yesterday, the 16th—besides these articles, a great number of cigarettes were sold, from Lot 1 to 31; they had all come together in one or two vans.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. Mr. Farmer is a well—known auctioneer in Gresham Street; the goods came from him to sell, he having no auction rooms, and we have—other auctioneers send to us instead of to the Mart—over 1,000 came, from Lots 21 to 30—no written instructions came with them, only verbal instructions from Mr. Farmer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-148" type="surname" value="STAINES"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-148" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES STAINES</persName> </hi>. I am a porter, and live at 199, Catherine Buildings, Cartwright Street, Royal Mint Street—I have several times done jobs for Abib—on 16th October, about seven in the evening, he asked me to take some boxes for him to the Elephant and Castle, from Houndsditch—I told him I could not go, but I would fetch somebody, and I got Michael Jones to take them—about a quarter to eight the same evening I saw I Valensin—I knew him before—he said the boxes were taken in a cab for 2s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-149" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-149" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL JONES</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 43, Heath Street, Commercial Road—on 16th October, about seven, from what Staines said, I went to Church Row and saw Abib; he asked me how much I would take the boxes for on my barrow—I said, "Two shillings;" he offered one shilling, and then eighteen pence, but I would not do it at the price.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-150" type="surname" value="BOMSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-150" type="given" value="NELLIE"/>NELLIE BOMSTONE</persName> </hi>. I was the purchaser of the St. Mary Axe shop</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130036"/>
<p>from Abib—I bought the stock—in—trade—I produce the inventory—I afterwards bought some more—he signed as having received the money—I selected what I would buy, and the other things were taken away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. I was asked last night to come and give evidence by a gentleman in private clothes, who gave me a sub
<lb/>pœna—some time ago an inspector called and asked me some questions—I am in business there now; it is a pretty fair business—I have improved it very much—I did not buy the whole stock—I did not want to buy more than £24 worth at the time, but I bought some more of Abib after
<lb/>wards; about £5 or £10 worth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-151" type="surname" value="BOTTRILL"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-151" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BOTTRILL</persName> </hi>. I am a cigar merchant, of 33, Royal Exchange—I have experience in valuing tobacco, cigars, and cigarettes—on 6th Novem
<lb/>ber, after the fire, I went to 9, Church Row, and made an inventory of all the tobacco, cigars, and cigarettes, and empty boxes, and put detailed prices on everything—in this inventory the sum total is £54 12s. 6d.—the inventory contains all the items—the stock was all more or less damaged by smoke—the £54 12s. 6d. would be the total value of the whole stock, taking a liberal view.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>. I did not value the trade utensils or furniture, only the stock—to an incoming partner the utensils and furni
<lb/>ture might be worth £30.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-152" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-152" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am an auctioneer and surveyor, of 28, Finsbury Circus—last Monday I made an inventory of the trade utensils and fix
<lb/>tures at 9, Church Row—the total value of the damaged is between £7 and £8—the value of the fixtures and trade utensils, including some of the furniture, is between £14 and £15—some of them were not touched by fire.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-153" type="surname" value="RYLE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-153" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RYLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Recalled</hi>). In a fire policy the company is only liable for damage done to property not entirely destroyed, and by the usage of companies generally a claim should be made up, and is made up, showing amount of damage so much, and so much total loss—the claim does not include articles not affected by the fire.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-154" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-154" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FORD</persName> </hi> was recalled, and explained the state of the carpet and the position of the things upon it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-155" type="surname" value="BOTTRILL"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-155" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BOTTRILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re—called</hi>). The total number of cigarettes on the premises was 15,527—the outside value would be about £30.</p>
<hi rend="italic">This being the case for the prosecution</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">requested the opinion of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">as to his right of reply, and referred to the case of Reg.</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Trevelli and Others, C. C. C. Sessions Paper, vol.</hi> 96
<hi rend="italic">p</hi> 110,
<hi rend="italic">and Cox.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">referred to Reg.</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Brown, a decision on circuit by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JUSTICES DAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">in</hi> 1887.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE BRUCE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered the safer course would be at the end of the case as to Abib for Valensin to address the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">after</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">had summed up the evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-156" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-156" type="surname" value="LOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-156" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN LOCK</persName> </hi>. I reside at 205, Walworth Road, a cigar and cigarette shop—I have known Mr. Abib four and a half or five years, and during that time I worked for him—he had shops at St. Mary Axe, Frith Street, Soho, 23, St. Martin's Court, Charing Cross, 145, Walworth Road, and 8 and 9, Church Row, Aldgate—I was living at Walworth until he was arrested—I have often been to Church Row—I have known Valensin by speak
<lb/>ing to him and working for Mr. Abib—sometimes Abib had four, sometimes five,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130037"/>
<p>and sometimes more persons working for him at Church Row, manufacturing cigarettes—there were Sophy, Julia, and Beckey; I don't know their sur
<lb/>names—besides Valensin, there was Weisman; he was a cigarette maker—I looked after the shop at Walworth—I can make cigarettes—I used to get the tobacco from Abib—I never served at St. Martin's Court—a young girl named Susan Levy worked there; she can make cigarettes, but she attends to the shop—Mr. Abib would get the tobacco from Church Row; that was my first place—they had two lamps there, one in the window, one a little way in the shop, and one in the back room, hanging up against the wall—the oil would be got from Houndsditch—Church Row turns into Houndsditch; the back window looks into the church-yard—at first I used to clean those lamps; afterwards the servant did—I used to get half a gallon of paraffin at a tune—I sometimes cleaned them upstairs, and sometimes down—sometimes I used a duster, and sometimes I picked up a few shavings from the floor and wiped them round with—there was a carpet round the floor—unpacking was done in the back room—I remember Abib coming home in a hansom on the night of the 16th, about half—past six or seven—he brought with him some boxes of tobacco, and some cigarettes for me to make; he also brought two boxes of cigarettes for sale; altogether he brought eight boxes of tobacco—we had a good stock of cigarettes then; between 1,300 or 1,400, or more, and we had plenty of cigars to go on with—it would take me about an hour or three—quarters to make up a pound of tobacco into cigarettes—I could make up 50 lbs. of tobacco in three or four days—we sometimes sold cigarettes loose, sometimes by the pound—it was not an extraordinary quantity for Abib to bring—it is not true that he brought forty or fifty boxes on the cab—these are the boxes he brought; he did not bring any small boxes—I remember the inspector coming; these were the eight boxes that he saw—I heard that Abib was arrested the same evening—the inspector came to the shop about two or three days after—between the arrest and the inspector coming no goods were removed from the premises in Walworth Road; I was there the whole time—the in
<lb/>spector saw the whole of the stock that was there on the night Abib came in the cab—the goods were ultimately taken away on Thursday or Friday, after the inspector was there; they were taken away by Mr. Abib's direc
<lb/>tion; Mr. Yeates took them away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. Abib and I did not live together, nothing of the kind; we lived in the same house, first at 8, Church Row—he removed from 8 to 9—he did not occupy both at one time—I used to work for him at 8—I decline speaking of where I slept, if you don't mind—it was about four and a half or five years ago when I was at Church Row; I was then nineteen, I am now twenty—four—I went from 8, Church Row into 9, and I remained there till I went to Walworth Road—I was there six weeks before the fire—when I was at No. 9 Valensin did not sleep there—this is one of the lamps that was in use there—I know it well—I used to light the lamp about six—I did not have the trimming of the lamps in October last year—I don't recollect the name of the person in Houndsditch who sold the paraffin—I never bought of a man in the street, always from the shop; the half gallon lasted two or three days—I filled them and cleaned them in the morning—the night I went away I told little Hitchcock to mind the shop—I did not stay away all</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130038"/>
<p>night; I came back about eleven or half—past—the shop had been closed then; it was not opened next day—the landlord kept me out three or four days—I did not get in till he gave me the key—I know the stock was marked on the covers of the boxes—these are the same boxes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. On the 16th Abib came home, about half—past six or seven—he remained about a quarter or half an hour; then he went away to the other shop—he came back about ten minutes or a quarter to twelve.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-157" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-157" type="surname" value="JACK"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-157" type="given" value="JULIA"/>JULIA JACK</persName> </hi>. I am single—I live at 45, Brook Street, Stepney—I have known Abib about two years and a half—during that time I have been in his employ in Frith Street, Soho, and in St. Martin's Court and Church Row—I was there about two days before the fire—I then went back to St. Martin's Court—the governor let the place in Frith Street, and gave up the shop; I don't know why—I know these lamps; they were in Frith Street, and were taken from there to Church Row—at Frith Street I looked after them and cleaned them—there were two—one of them caught fire on several occasions, blazed all up the glass; it did not crack the glass—I took it out into the street and I blew it out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had to clean the chimney afterwards—I purchased the paraffin for the lamps every two days, and filled them every morning—they would burn seven hours—two days before I left Church Row the lamps were there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-158" type="surname" value="YEATES"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-158" type="given" value="ARTHUR MUSKET"/>ARTHUR MUSKET YEATES</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Leopold Farmer, an auctioneer and surveyor, 47, Gresham Street—on 17th October Abib called with an introductory card from a Mr. Curtis, and I went with him to see the premises—I went into the back office and stood by the large table—I looked carefully round, and trod on something sharp; I picked it up; it was a small piece of the bowl of the lamp—the floor was strewed with boxes and books, and generally shavings, the ordinary tin shavings—by the side of the fireplace there were boxes and two books—I looked carefully on the table to see what was there; there were two books and a portion of the paraffin lamp, and on this side of the table, about six inches in, where the lamp had evidently stood, it had been burnt by the paraffin; I say from the explosion of the lamp—the rim of the table was not burnt—the salvage man objected to my moving any of the things—I afterwards valued the premises for Abib; on 3rd Novem
<lb/>ber, I think; on the same day as the other parties were there—my valuation was only a few shillings different from Mr. Bottrill's—I valued it to an ingoing tenant at some £30, and the cigarettes and stock at £54 10s. 11d.—I have been in business since 1866—I have been with Mr. Farmer three years as manager—I have been convicted of sleeping with a girl under eighteen—Mr. Farmer knew all about it; I would not go with him without telling him—I have been acting as his servant.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Very possibly the late Recorder severely reprimanded me for the filthy letters I addressed to a girl under sixteen—when I stood in the dock I hardly knew whether I stood on my head or my heels—the girl was an immoral girl—I was in gaol six months.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">ABIB</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-30-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-30-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-30-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-18931113 t18931113-30-punishment-24"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VALENSIN</hi>
<rs id="t18931113-30-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-30-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-30-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="italic">was recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">as having acted under the influence of Abib</hi>).—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-30-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-30-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-30-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-18931113 t18931113-30-punishment-25"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130039"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, November</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-31">
<interp inst="t18931113-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-31" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-18931113 t18931113-31-offence-1 t18931113-31-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-31-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-31-18931113 t18931113-31-offence-1 t18931113-31-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-31-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-18931113" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-18931113" type="surname" value="DRISCOLL"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-18931113" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT DRISCOLL</hi> (23)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-31-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-31-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-18931113" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-18931113" type="surname" value="PEARMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-31-18931113" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT PEARMAN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling—house of
<persName id="t18931113-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-161" type="surname" value="WINBURG"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-161" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-31-offence-1 t18931113-name-161"/>Morris Winburg</persName>, with intent to steal </rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAUL TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-162" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-162" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ABBOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). On 13th October, about one a.m., I was in plain clothes with other detectives, Ottaway and Savage, in Middlesex Street, and saw Pearman, and two others not in custody, loitering about and examining the shop door of No. 49 three times, and on each occasion they went to the other side of the way and sat on the steps—an officer came up and they went away—I went with Ottaway and ex
<lb/>amined the door and the cellar flap—there were marks on the door where they had attempted to force it, and the rails of the cellar flap had been broken—we secreted ourselves in an unfurnished building on the same side, and about two o'clock the two prisoners, and one not in custody, went to No. 49, and were in a stooping position, and Pearman and the one not in custody disappeared into the cellar—the other walked rapidly away—we came out and ran te No. 49—Driscoll was coming out of the cellar—I collared him, and said, "We are police officers; we shall charge you with breaking and entering"—he said, "I only came here for a
<hi rend="italic">kip</hi>, his aunt lives here," meaning the man who escaped—
<hi rend="italic">kip</hi> means sleep, I believe—he became very violent, and I put this strap (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) on his wrists—this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> was taken from Pearman—I went into the cellar and found a hat which Driscoll said belonged to him—a staircase in the cellar leads to the house, with a door at the top, which had not been opened—when they were charged at the station Driscoll said he did not know Pearman, and should like to stick a knife into him—Pearman said he picked the
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> up, and that he was asleep when he was arrested—I saw marks on the cellar flap and on the door, corresponding with the
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi>—I found a small penknife on Driscoll.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Driscoll.</hi> You were not there on the first occasion.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Pearman here stated that lye wished to</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEAD GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to the breaking, but not to entering.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-163" type="surname" value="OTTAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-163" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN OTTAWAY</persName> </hi> (913
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). I was with Abbott, and saw Pearman and two men not in custody—they went away, and later on I saw the two prisoners together—I have no doubt about them—they stood at the corner of the street shortly after two o'clock with a man not in custody, and then went to No. 49 and stooped down at the cellar flap, where two of them disappeared, while Pearman sat on the doorstep opposite—they were in the cellar two or three minutes and came out, and the other man was coming out of the cellar when Abbott caught him—I caught Pearman, and told him he would be charged with breaking into the shop opposite—he said, "I know nothing about it; I have been asleep on this" doorstep"—on the way to the station he tried to release his left hand—he said, "You may as well let me pull my trousers up"—I said I would oblige him, and under his trousers and waistcoat I found this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi>—he refused his address.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Driscoll.</hi> I was about thirty yards off when I saw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130040"/>
<p>the three men—we secreted ourselves and watched, because we had information that a burglary was about to take place in Middlesex Street—we did not know where—no names were given us—we did not know who the men were.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Pearman.</hi> I never took hold of anyone but you—I did not catch Myers coming up out of the cellar; he got a good start of me—I did not know his name was Myers till you mentioned it—you were making off', too; you were not asleep on the doorstep.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-164" type="surname" value="SAVAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-164" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SAVAGE</persName> </hi>. I was with the last two witnesses on October 11th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Driscoll.</hi> I saw Pearman and two others—they went to the door of No. 49 three times, and I saw them in a stooping position by the door—you were in the cellar four or five minutes, and, when you came out, Sergeant Abbott and I caught hold of your arm—I went into the cellar, and saw the boards ripped up—I saw Sergeant Abbott take something off your wrist at the station; I don't know what it was—you were violent; you threatened me, and said, "I will do for you b——savages when I come out."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-165" type="surname" value="OTTAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-165" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN OTTAWAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I heard Driscoll threatening to do for Savage.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-166" type="surname" value="VALENTINE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-166" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED VALENTINE</persName> </hi>. I am a clothier, of 21, Stangate Road, and own the house, 49, Middlesex Street—the upper part is occupied by a walking—stick maker—I only occupy the shop, which is divided by a partition—there are two entrances to the shop, but I go in from the main street, and there is a cellar underneath, running the whole length of the shop—there are two apertures in it quite large enough to admit a man, and right underneath there was an old box standing—the cellar communicates with the house—I was there at 10.45, but did not notice anything unusual.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-167" type="surname" value="WEINBERG"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-167" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>MORRIS WEINBERG</persName> </hi>. I am a walking—stick maker, of 49, Middlesex Street—I slept there on 13th October—I did not notice any marks on the cellar flap the night before; it was all right just before three o'clock—the cellar belongs to me—I went down into it; nothing had been disturbed—there were only empty boxes there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' statements before the Magistrate:—Driscoll says:</hi> "This man Pearman is a stranger to me; I reserve my defence."
<hi rend="italic">Pearman Bays</hi>: "I was walking by this street at 1.30 and saw this thing shining, and picked it up and put it in my trousers pocket, and sat down and went to sleep. Presently I heard a lot of people running, and I got up and walked away, and the constable took me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Driscoll in his defence stated that lie was not there when the place was broken into, and did not come back till afterwards—that a young man offered him a bed, but as they could not get in they went down into the cellar to sleep, and that lie did not know Pearman. Pearman stated that a man named Myers, who was with him, tried to force the door with a jemmy, but could not, and then went away for an hour, and he</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Pearman</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">sat on a doorstep till lie was arrested.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DRISCOLL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at this</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on May</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1893,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of Alfred Cummings.—
<rs id="t18931113-31-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-31-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-31-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-18931113 t18931113-31-punishment-26"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PEAR
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-31-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-31-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-31-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-31-18931113 t18931113-31-punishment-27"/>Eight Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-32">
<interp inst="t18931113-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-32" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-18931113 t18931113-32-offence-1 t18931113-32-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-32-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-18931113" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-18931113" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-18931113" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ELLIOTT</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling—house of
<persName id="t18931113-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-169" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-169" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-32-offence-1 t18931113-name-169"/>James Stokes</persName>, and stealing an umbrella and other articles, his property; and two coats, the property of Lewis Stokes.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130041"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ORMSBY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-170" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-170" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS STOKES</persName> </hi>. My father keeps an hotel in Victoria Park Road—on September 15th I saw the cellar nap all right—I called on the 16th and found it broken and certain things stolen, and among them two coats of mine—the prisoner was wearing one of them at the Thames Police-court—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Besides the coats, another coat, an umbrella, a mackintosh, some cigars, and other articles were stolen.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-171" type="surname" value="SIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-171" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SIMMONS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman J</hi>). On Saturday, October 7th, I saw the prisoner wearing this coat—I told him I was a police—officer, and asked him to let me look at it—he did—so; it answered the description, and I said, "Where did you get it?"—he said, "I bought it at Hyams"—I told him I should arrest him on suspicion of stealing a jacket—he said, "Very well"—Stokes identified the jacket—I told him he would be charged with committing a burglary at the Costed Hotel, and stealing articles—he said, "All right"—I asked him what number on Ludgate Hill Hyams lived at—he said, "I bought the jacket down Petticoat Lane"—I said that the jacket did not correspond with the waistcoat—he said, "I have the other at home"—I searched, but could not find it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I took hold of his waistcoat, and said, "This is a nice bit of stuff, but it is different to the coat"—he did not say, "Yes, I bought that at Hyams', on Ludgate Hill;" that referred to the jacket—he said nothing about buying a dress coat or suit in Petticoat Lane—he is wearing the dress—coat now; it is what a waiter would wear—I have been nine years in the force—I did not take a note of the conversation—I did not say before the Magistrate, "I asked him the number on Ludgate Hill where he bought the coat; "I said, "the jacket"—when charged at the station he said, "I am innocent, I know nothing about it"—I know that he had been discharged that morning by a Magistrate on some other charge, and that for a week before that he had been on bail—I have asked to see my depositions during this Session.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> What I said was, "What number on Ludgate Hill does Hyams live, where you got the jacket?"</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I am sure I am not mistaken, because the distinction was between a coat and a jacket, but I might have called it a jacket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-172" type="surname" value="BURDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-172" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BURDEN</persName> </hi> (185 A). I saw the prisoner wearing this coat on October 1st, at 2.30 a.m.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw him again on October 7th, wearing the same coat—he had been at liberty from the 2nd to the 7th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-33">
<interp inst="t18931113-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-33" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-18931113 t18931113-33-offence-1 t18931113-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-33-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-33-18931113 t18931113-33-offence-1 t18931113-33-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-33-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-18931113" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-18931113" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-18931113" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE RICHARDS</hi> (23)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-33-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-33-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-18931113" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-18931113" type="surname" value="IRWIN"/>
<interp inst="def2-33-18931113" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES IRWIN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling—house of
<persName id="t18931113-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-175" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-175" type="surname" value="MCKENZIE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-175" type="given" value="JEANETTE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-33-offence-1 t18931113-name-175"/>Jeanette McKenzie</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-176" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-176" type="surname" value="PIPER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-176" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE PIPER</persName> </hi>. I am housemaid to Mrs. McKenzie, of 85, Philbeach Gardens—on October 11th I left the lavatory window about six inches open: there was a board inside, and nobody could get in without removing it—next morning I found the board removed, and put on the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130042"/>
<p>floor, but the window was as I left it—the door had been locked the previous night—the key was outside—I found the door open, and marks on it as if it had been cut—the lavatory is on the ground floor, and looks into a garden which is common to all the houses.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-177" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-177" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HUDSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police—Inspector F</hi>). On 12th October, about 4.30 a.m., I was called to Phil beach Gardens, and found the house guarded by police, the window open, and the board removed—the door was cut away near the lock, and there was a jemmy mark—the door was bolted on both sides inside by the occupiers, and also on the other side by the w. c.—there was garden mould on Irwin's boots.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-178" type="surname" value="RATCLIPF"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-178" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RATCLIPF</persName> </hi> (231
<hi rend="italic">F</hi>). I was on duty in Philbeach Gardens about 2.30 a.m., and found a mark on the garden gate—I kept watch, and saw the two prisoners come up to the gate together, inside the garden—they saw me and ran back—whistles were blown, and I afterwards saw Richards in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Irwin.</hi> It was dark—I was about two yards from the men, but did not catch hold of them because they were the other side of the gate—I am sure you were one of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-179" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-179" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DAVIS</persName> </hi> (25
<hi rend="italic">F</hi>). On 19th October, about three a.m., Ratcliff spoke to me and I got into the garden, but found nobody—I went back into the street and kept watch on the gate—Richards came out at a gate, at the opening, and I arrested him—he said, "All right, I have done nothing; I will go quietly"—I took him to the station, leaving a constable at the gate—the gardens were surrounded, and nobody could come out without being observed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Richards.</hi> I told the men to blow their whistles to oust you from your hiding—places, that you might think the place where I was was unprotected—that was close to where Irwin was apprehended, and near the opening which Richards came out of.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-180" type="surname" value="YEO"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-180" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT YEO</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman F</hi>). On October 12th, about 3.45 a.m., I searched all the areas at Philbeach Gardens—I found some wirework broken down, which led me to footmarks and then to a dust—hole, where I found Irwin—I said, "What are you doing here?"—he said, "I came here to see my young lady, and she will not let me in, so I came here"—his boots were very dirty, with mud all over them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Irwin.</hi> You were in the dust—bin, and you were tied in with a piece of string—I did not strike you, but I held you very tightly—I told you if you resisted I would knock you down with my truncheon—I did not say I had a revolver—I found you about. six o'clock—I had to search about two hundred areas in front of the houses—you were found at No. 98.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I did not know either of the men before—there was a cordon all round and no one could get from the back of the houses to the front.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-181" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-181" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am gardener at Philbeach Gardens—early on October 12th I found a
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> on the grass in the gardens, about fifteen yards from Mr. Brown's, No. 78—that is seven houses from No, 85—I handed it to the police—the houses have small gardens of their own as well as the public grounds.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-182" type="surname" value="O'SHEA"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-182" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN O'SHEA</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Inspector F</hi>). Butler handed me this jimmy—it fits the marks on the lavatory door at No. 85—I found footmarks</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130043"/>
<p>in the mould in the garden, and I found corresponding mould on Irwin's boots and the boots exactly fitted the marks—they had walked very carefully on the mould so as not to be heard, and through putting down their feet carefully they made a better impression.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Richards.</hi> I found mould on your boots, and they corresponded with the foot marks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Irwin.</hi> Your boots have evidently been cleaned and rubbed over with something; they are patent leather—you would have the opportunity of cleaning them in the cell.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">YEO</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Irwin's boots were covered with mould when I arrested him; they were clean when he was taken out of the cell—I told the Magistrate so.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Irwin, in his statement before the Magistrate, and in his defence, said that he went to see his young woman, and stayed in the dining—room all night, the family being away, and as he left Yeo took him. He denied all knowledge of the burglary.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—</p>
<hi rend="italic">They then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to previous convictions, Richards at Clerkenwell, in July</hi>, 1890,
<hi rend="italic">and Irwin at this Court on December</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-33-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-33-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-33-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-18931113 t18931113-33-punishment-28"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">IRWIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18931113-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-33-18931113 t18931113-33-punishment-29"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18931113-34">
<interp inst="t18931113-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18931113"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-34" type="date" value="18931113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18931113-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-18931113 t18931113-34-offence-1 t18931113-34-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-34-18931113" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-18931113" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-18931113" type="surname" value="RAWLINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-18931113" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM RAWLINSON</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18931113-name-184" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-184" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-184" type="surname" value="SILVER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-184" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-34-offence-1 t18931113-name-184"/>Rebecca Silver</persName>, and stealing a. coat and a bodice, the goods of
<persName id="t18931113-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-185" type="surname" value="SILVER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-185" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-34-offence-1 t18931113-name-185"/>John Silver</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ARMSTRONG</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-186" type="surname" value="SILVER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-186" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SILVER</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor, and live with my mother at 5, Westbourne Passage, Morgan Street—I went out about six o'clock, leaving my mother and the children—I shut the windows on the ground floor, and bolted the shutters—I went home about 6.45 and found the shutters and the windows open, and saw the prisoner come out at the window—he struck me, and I was bleeding all over, but I stuck to him till a policeman came—I missed a coat and a dress body—Mark Silver was with me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I caught you by your coat; you came out head first—I did not see that you had anything.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-187" type="surname" value="SILVER"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-187" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK SILVER</persName> </hi>. I live at 51, Towers Walk, and am a sailor, and the cousin of the last witness—I was with him on October 30th, and saw the prisoner jump out at the window—I gave him a blow across his mouth, which made it bleed—I had bold of him for a few minutes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-188" type="surname" value="ISAACS"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-188" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>SOLOMON ISAACS</persName> </hi>. I live at 18, Greenfield Street—I was in Westbourne Passage on the evening of 30th October, and saw the prisoner there—he said, "Is that you,
<hi rend="italic">Tommy?"</hi>—I said, "My name is not
<hi rend="italic">Tommy;</hi> get out of the way."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-189" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-189" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN WEST</persName> </hi> (15
<hi rend="largeCaps">HR</hi>). On the evening of 30th October I was on duty in Westbourne Passage, and saw John Silver holding the prisoner, who said, "This man has been into our house and stolen some things"—I took him in custody; he went very quietly for a little way till we came to a passage, when I was suddenly struck from behind, and he wrenched himself away—I knew him before as
<hi rend="italic">Ginger Bill.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-190" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-190" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID ABRAHAMS</persName> </hi> (90
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On 31st October, at 6.30 a.m., I examined 5, Westbourne Passage, and found marks on the window such as would</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130044"/>
<p>be made by this knife, found on the prisoner—the framework was in a dilapidated state, and could easily be opened, and the shutters also.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-191" type="surname" value="SWEET"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-191" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT SWEET</persName> </hi> (416
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I took the prisoner—he said, "You have made a mistake"—I found this knife on him—he said he would go quietly; I did not give him a chance of escaping.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SIMES</hi>. I am a beerhouse keeper, of Morgan Street, Commercial Road—on the night of this burglary the prisoner was in my house four or five minutes before it occurred, and I said to him, "If you go round to he Captain Cook and have a drop of whisky, I will come round presently and pay for it," and four or five minutes after that the witness went out
<lb/>side—it is about eighty yards from my house to the premises where the window was opened—Detective White brought me a paper yesterday to come and give evidence—I knew that the prisoner was charged at the Police—court; I did not go there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-192" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-192" type="surname" value="TOMLINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-192" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY TOMLINSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 63, Sidney Street, Commercial Road—my husband is a chairmaker; he is in Australia—I do laundry work at Mr. Wells's, but am not working for him now—I saw the prisoner at a public—house, and I saw the landlady—I had never seen him before—I heard him say, "Let us come to the Captain Cook, and have a drop of whisky," and they went out, and in four or five minutes I heard a noise, but did not go out—I went to the Police—court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-193" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-193" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MOORE</persName> </hi>. I am a baker, of 156, Kennington Park Road—I am not in work now; I worked last for Mr. Simmonds three months ago—three of us went to Mr. Simes' house to have a drink, and the prisoner was there—he went into the court, and was making water—we heard a whistle, and saw a constable holding the prisoner; he had not been three minutes away from me—he could not have got to the window—I said, "Let the man alone; what has he done?"</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not help him to escape—I was about fifteen feet from the window—I did not see him escape from the policeman, because I was in the middle of the street with his wife, who was crying.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that lie was making water in the court when the prosecutor seized him, and said, "You have come through my window," upon which lie said, "You are a liar!" and the constable took him, but let go of his wrists and lie ran away, but was taken again. He contended that if lie had stolen the things, they must have been found on him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at this Court on April 25th, 1887.—
<rs id="t18931113-34-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-34-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-34-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-18931113 t18931113-34-punishment-30"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, November</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-35-18931113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-18931113" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-18931113" type="surname" value="CHAPLIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-18931113" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES CHAPLIN</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18931113-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a watch and chain, the goods of
<persName id="t18931113-name-195" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-195" type="surname" value="RICH"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-195" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18931113-35-offence-1 t18931113-name-195"/>Walter Rich</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-196" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-196" type="given" value="PAUL"/>MR. PAUL TAYLOR</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-197" type="surname" value="RICH"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-197" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER RICH</persName> </hi>. I am a wheelwright, of Hanbury Fields, Mile End New Town—on 10th October, at a quarter to seven p.m., I was walking along Shoreditch wearing a watch and chain, which had cost five guineas and two guineas respectively—my overcoat was open; my morning coat</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189311130045"/>
<p>buttoned at the top and showed the chain—I looked up at the New Music Hall, which was lighted up. as building was going on—as I did so I saw the shadow of a hand come down and I felt a severe tug at my chain—for a moment I did not realise my position—I put my hand down and said "You devil!" and ran after him down Plumber's Row—I had no opportu
<lb/>nity of seeing the man's face, as he ducked his head when he turned—the prisoner is of about the same height and stamp as the man, who was slight and had dark clothes on—I afterwards went to the Police-station and gave a description—I subsequently saw the prisoner in a room at the Police—court—two or three constables and a witness were in the room—I did not recognise the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18931113-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18931113-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-198" type="surname" value="FRANKS"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-name-198" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>SOLOMON FRANKS</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, living at 71, Long Street, Hackney Road—on 10th November, in the evening, I was in Bateman's Row, near High Street, Shoreditch, at little before a seven—I saw the prisoner running away—I knew him by sight; I have been knocked down by him and his
<hi rend="italic">pals</hi>—I was about two yards from him—he ran from the direction of High Street, Shoreditch, into Norfolk Gardens—I saw the chain hang
<lb/>ing down—I spoke to a constable about it—I next saw him at Worship Street Police—court on 26th October, and recognised him at once—I did not see him between the 10th and 26th—on the 26th I heard the prosecutor say he had lost his watch, and I gave a description of the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I saw you running, if the man had halloed I should have stopped you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defence Mated that lie knew nothing about the matter.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18931113-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18931113-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18931113-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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