<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
<div0 type="sessionsPaper" id="t18930724">
<interp inst="t18930724" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240001"/>
<xptr type="transcription" doc="18930724"/>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18930724">
<interp inst="f18930724" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="f18930724" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>KNILL, MAYOR.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, July 24th, 1893, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON. SIR</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-1" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-1" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">BART</hi>.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-2" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-2" type="given" value="ROBERT SAMUEL"/>ROBERT SAMUEL WRIGHT</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-3" type="surname" value="SAVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-3" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SAVORY</persName> </hi>, Bart., M. P.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-4" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-4" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE FAUDEL PHILLIPS</hi>, Esq., Lieut. Col.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-5" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-5" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-6" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-6" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH COCKFIELD DIMSDALE</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-7" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-7" type="given" value="WALTER VAUGHAN"/>WALTER VAUGHAN MORGAN</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM PURDIE TRELOAR</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>, Knt., Q. C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-8" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-8" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq., LL. D., Judge of the Sheriffs' Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH RENALS</hi>, Knt., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-9" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-9" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>WALTER HENRY WILKIN</persName> </hi>, Knt., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-10" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-10" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-11" type="surname" value="INNES"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-11" type="given" value="GEORGE ROSE"/>GEORGE ROSE INNES</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240003"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KNILL, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-649">
<interp inst="t18930724-649" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-649" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-649-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-649-18930724 t18930724-649-offence-1 t18930724-649-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-649-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-649-18930724 t18930724-649-offence-2 t18930724-649-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-649-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-649-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-649-18930724" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-649-18930724" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="def1-649-18930724" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS LLOYD</hi> (20)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18930724-649-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-649-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-649-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> for feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t18930724-name-13" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-13" type="surname" value="DRISCOL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-13" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-649-offence-1 t18930724-name-13"/>William Driscol</persName>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PASMORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-14" type="surname" value="DRISCOL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-14" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DRISCOL</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 12, Kemble Street, Drury Lane—on the afternoon of 4th June, between five and six, I saw the prisoner with a lot of others tossing for pennies—we had a bet—the prisoner told me if he had a stick he would poke my eye out—later on, between nine and half-past, I was at the Grapes in Seven Dials with two friends—the prisoner came in—we had a few words again, and he struck me in the face with his fist; I struck him back, we had a struggle, and after we were separated I found I was stabbed on my left thumb—the prisoner rushed out and came in again with a stick, and made a blow at my head—I avoided it with my arm—he went out again—I followed, and seeing a man outside with a stick, I took it from him for protection, but nothing more happened that evening—next morning, between 11. 30 and twelve, I came out of the Black Horse, and saw the prisoner and another man coming down the street—the prisoner said, "That is the man that was fighting with me last night"—I said, "Yes, and I am willing to have it out now, providing there is no foul play"—I drew aside—the prisoner had one hand under his coat, and in his other hand he had a revolver, which he fired, and shot me under the left rib, and said, "Take that," and ran away—he was chased, and was caught, and I was taken to the hospital—I was five or six yards from him when he fired.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not carry a knife—I never had a knife in my pocket in my life—I do not know that the prisoner was stabbed behind the ear—I deny stabbing the prisoner—I cannot suggest who stabbed him—I don't know the prisoner at all—I have not told his mother that if I had two sovereigns I would go out of the way.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-15" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-15" type="surname" value="COLMER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-15" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COLMER</persName> </hi>. I am a porter of 180, Drury Lane—on the morning of the 5th June I and the prosecutor were coming out of the Black Horse; the prisoner came up—he and the prosecutor had some conversation, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240004"/>
<p>the prisoner took a revolver from his chest and fired at him and ran down the street—I took the prosecutor to the hospital in a cab.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-16" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-16" type="surname" value="DRISCOL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-16" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN DRISCOL</persName> </hi>. I am the prosecutor's mother—on the morning of 5th June I saw the prisoner at the top of Queen Street, Seven Dials—he said "Where is your son?"—I said, "At work, I hope"—he said, "I will give him work when I find him," and he said to me he would give me Jack the Ripper—he was quite sober—I had never seen him before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Nothing was said about my son taking a couple of sovereigns to go out of the way.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-17" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-17" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MORRIS</persName> </hi> (336
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). On 5th June, about, twenty minutes past twelve, I was on duty in Seven Dials—I heard a report of firearms, and saw the prisoner running away, and a crowd of people pursuing him shouting "Stop him, he has shot some man"—I ran after him, and took him into custody—he had this revolver in his waistcoat pocket—I examined it at the station; it is a six-chambered revolver, two chambers were loaded; there was a spent cartridge in one barrel—he had on him a box containing forty-seven cartridges, a pawn-ticket for a watch for 12s., a card-case, two knives, a bunch of keys, and a pair of sleeve-links—the revolver is a new one, the cartridges fit it—the prisoner said he had pawned his watch that morning to buy the revolver—he seemed sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner showed me a cut behind his ear; it was a small cut, recent; it was not actually bleeding.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-18" type="surname" value="WHITEHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-18" type="given" value="JOHN HERBERT"/>JOHN HERBERT WHITEHEAD</persName> </hi>. I am house-surgeon at Charing Cross Hospital—I examined the prosecutor when brought there—I found a contusion on the left side of the abdomen just below the last rib—his coat and waistcoat were shot through, and his corduroy trousers were indented—I saw him two or three times afterwards—he is well now—the contusion may have been caused by a bullet; if the abdomen had been penetrated it would have been very dangerous—the thickness of the corduroy stopped the bullet.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I think the charge must have been weak.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, being permitted to make a statement, alleged that lie had been threatened by the prosecutor, and, being alarmed, lie purchased the revolver, and only intended to frighten him and make him desist from his annoyance.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-19" type="surname" value="DRISCOLL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-19" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DRISCOLL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-called</hi>). I have been convicted twice for being drunk and disorderly, and was fined twenty shillings or a month; it was through a drop of drink—I was charged with assault on the police at the same time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-649-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-649-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-649-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<rs id="t18930724-649-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-649-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-649-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner for a common assault on the same person, to which he</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-649-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-649-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-649-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t18930724-649-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-649-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-649-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-649-18930724 t18930724-649-punishment-1"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on his own recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-650">
<interp inst="t18930724-650" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-650" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-650-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-650-18930724 t18930724-650-offence-1 t18930724-650-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-650-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-650-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-650-18930724" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-650-18930724" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-650-18930724" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT SMITH</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-650-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-650-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-650-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-650-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-650-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-650-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18930724-name-21" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-21" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-21" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-650-offence-1 t18930724-name-21"/>William Day</persName>, and stealing three pairs of boots.—</rs>
<rs id="t18930724-650-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-650-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-650-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-650-18930724 t18930724-650-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on Recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-651">
<interp inst="t18930724-651" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-651" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-651-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-651-18930724 t18930724-651-offence-1 t18930724-651-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-651-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-651-18930724 t18930724-651-offence-1 t18930724-651-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-651-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-651-18930724 t18930724-651-offence-1 t18930724-651-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-651-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-651-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-651-18930724" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-651-18930724" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="def1-651-18930724" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS EVANS</hi> (21)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-651-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-651-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-651-18930724" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-651-18930724" type="surname" value="BRADSHAW"/>
<interp inst="def2-651-18930724" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK BRADSHAW</hi> (18)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-651-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-651-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-651-18930724" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def3-651-18930724" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN EDWARDS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18930724-651-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-651-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-651-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to feloniously breaking and entering the
<placeName id="t18930724-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-651-offence-1 t18930724-geo-1"/>Presbyterian Church, Marylebone</placeName>, and stealing a number of books and two straps, the goods of
<persName id="t18930724-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-25" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-25" type="given" value="PETER STEEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-651-offence-1 t18930724-name-25"/>Peter Steel Robertson</persName> and others; Evans also pleaded guilty to a conviction of felony in April, 1893, in the name of
<persName id="t18930724-name-26">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-26" type="surname" value="CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-26" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>Thomas Connor</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EVANS</hi>
<rs id="t18930724-651-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-651-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-651-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-651-18930724 t18930724-651-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARDS</hi>
<rs id="t18930724-651-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-651-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-651-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-651-18930724 t18930724-651-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> (
<hi rend="italic">A letter being</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240005"/>
<hi rend="italic">handed in, which stated that the writer had known Bradshaw, and was willing to give him employment; the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">directed the Police to make inquiries as to the writer.</hi>)
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRADSHAW</hi>
<rs id="t18930724-651-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-651-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-651-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-651-18930724 t18930724-651-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18930724-651-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-651-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-651-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-652">
<interp inst="t18930724-652" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-652" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-652-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-652-18930724 t18930724-652-offence-1 t18930724-652-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-652-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-652-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-652-18930724" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-652-18930724" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-652-18930724" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT GRAHAM</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-652-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-652-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-652-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtaining £17 10s. from
<persName id="t18930724-name-28">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-28" type="surname" value="PULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-28" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>George</persName> and
<persName id="t18930724-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-29" type="surname" value="PULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-29" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-652-offence-1 t18930724-name-29"/>Charles Pullen</persName> by false pretences, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner for forging and uttering a cheque.</hi>
<rs id="t18930724-652-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-652-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-652-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] </rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>,
<rs id="t18930724-652-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-652-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-652-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-652-18930724 t18930724-652-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">on behalf of the prisoner applied that judgment might be postponed till next Session, as the prisoner was desirous of making restitution to the pawnbrokers.—Judgment respited</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-653">
<interp inst="t18930724-653" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-653" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-653-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-653-18930724 t18930724-653-offence-1 t18930724-653-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-653-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-653-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-653-18930724" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-653-18930724" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-653-18930724" type="given" value="CHARLES ERNEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-653-18930724" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES ERNEST COLLINS</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-653-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-653-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-653-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to twp indictments for stealing post-letters and their contents, the property of the
<persName id="t18930724-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-31" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-653-offence-1 t18930724-name-31"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18930724-653-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-653-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-653-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-653-18930724 t18930724-653-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18930724-653-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-653-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-653-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-654">
<interp inst="t18930724-654" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-654" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-654-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-654-18930724 t18930724-654-offence-1 t18930724-654-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-654-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-654-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-654-18930724" type="surname" value="SILVERMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-654-18930724" type="given" value="MENDAL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MENDAL SILVERMAN</hi>, Unlawfully</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-654-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-654-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-654-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="kidnapping"/> taking
<persName id="t18930724-name-33" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-33" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-33" type="surname" value="FALK"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-33" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-654-offence-1 t18930724-name-33"/>Esther Falk</persName>, an unmarried girl under eighteen years of age, out of the possession and against the will of
<persName id="t18930724-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-34" type="surname" value="GLANZ"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-34" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-654-offence-1 t18930724-name-34"/>Isaac Glanz</persName>, a person who had charge of her, in order that she might be carnally known by Silverman.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ELLIOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-654-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-654-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-654-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18930724-654-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-654-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-654-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-654-18930724 t18930724-654-punishment-8"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-655">
<interp inst="t18930724-655" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-655" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-655-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-655-18930724 t18930724-655-offence-1 t18930724-655-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-655-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-655-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-655-18930724" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-655-18930724" type="surname" value="SHEAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-655-18930724" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH SHEAN</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-655-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-655-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-655-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-36" type="surname" value="BROOM"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-36" type="given" value="CHARLES LE"/>CHARLES LE BROOM</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Radnor, Chancery Lane—on 24th June, about 8. 30 a. m., I served the prisoner with half a pint of stout and mild, price three halfpence; he gave me this coin (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I bent it in the tester, and told him to wait a minute—a constable was sent for, and the head barman gave him in charge—he said he was a hardworking man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-37" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-37" type="given" value="ALLEN"/>ALLEN GRANT</persName> </hi> (213
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). I was called to the Radnor, and told the prisoner he would have to accompany me to the station—he said he was a hard-working man, and obtained it in Covent Garden for selling baskets—I found nothing on him—he gave his address 34, Angel Lane, Stratford.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-38" type="surname" value="HOLLIDAY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-38" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER HOLLIDAY</persName> </hi>. I live at 34, Angel Lane, Stratford—I do not let rooms—I do not know the; prisoner; he has never lived in that house since I have been there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-39" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-39" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half-crown is counterfeit.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I received the coin in Covent Garden Market I was in the house before anybody came, and if I had known it was bad I could have walked out. I gave a wrong address because I would not allow the people I am living with to know that I was in a place like this.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-655-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-655-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-655-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-656">
<interp inst="t18930724-656" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-656" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-656-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-656-18930724 t18930724-656-offence-1 t18930724-656-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-656-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-656-18930724 t18930724-656-offence-1 t18930724-656-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-656-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-656-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-656-18930724" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-656-18930724" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-656-18930724" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE FORD</hi> (34)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-656-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-656-18930724" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-656-18930724" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-656-18930724" type="surname" value="WOODBURN"/>
<interp inst="def2-656-18930724" type="given" value="DOROTHY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DOROTHY WOODBURN</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-656-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-656-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-656-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> Feloniously uttering conterfeit coin, Ford having been before convicted a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FORD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-42" type="surname" value="DENT"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-42" type="given" value="ALLEN"/>ALLEN DENT</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Becker's Hill, Highgate—I was with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240006"/>
<p>Richard Allcock between three and four o'clock near Highgate Archway, and saw the two prisoners, and a woman who crossed the road and went into a shop—the man went up the same road and sat on a barrow; the woman came out and went up Whitshall Park, and he followed her to a stationer's shop—he dawdled till she came out, and then she went to the arch, and they went on in company to Finchley—going round Church Road she gave him something which he put in his pocket—I saw her go into about five places, while he waited outside—they walked and talked together in the intervals.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-43" type="surname" value="ALLCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-43" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD ALLCOCK</persName> </hi>. I was with Dent, and saw the prisoners walking and talking together and saw them separate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-44" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-44" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-44" type="given" value="SELINA"/>SELINA DEAN</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, of 9, Woodham Terrace—I served the prisoner Woodburn with a bottle of something, price three halfpence—she gave me a half-crown, and I gave her the change.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-45" type="surname" value="OVERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM OVERTON</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, of Lansdown Terrace, Highgate—on 8th July Woodburn came in for a bottle of Kopp's ale and gave me a half-crown—I compared it with another, and then went after her, and asked her if she knew she had passed a bad half-crown—she said, "I know where I took it," and gave me a good one, and I returned her the bad one.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Woodburn.</hi> You did not leave hurriedly—I do not think by your manner that you knew it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-46" type="surname" value="COATES"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-46" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES COATES</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Badlestone, of Finchley—on 13th July the prisoner bought one pound of worsted, price twopence, and gave me this coin—I found it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-47" type="surname" value="SINCLAIR"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-47" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID SINCLAIR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). On 15th July I was on duty with another constable—I had received information, and saw the prisoners—Ford had some conversation with me, and I took a half-crown from his waistcoat pocket; we struggled, and he took a package out of his trousers pocket containing these coins, with paper between each half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-48" type="surname" value="COE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-48" type="given" value="ELIJAH"/>ELIJAH COE</persName> </hi> (108
<hi rend="italic">S</hi>). I saw the two prisoners together coming out of Mr. Badlestone's shop—they turned in my direction—I afterwards took Woodburn; she denied all knowledge of the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Woodburn.</hi> Ford said that he did not know you—nothing was found on you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-49" type="surname" value="DIXON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-49" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED DIXON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). The prisoners were charged with passing bad coin—they made no answer to the charge—Woodburn was asked her address—she said, "I have none.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-50" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-50" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These half-crowns are bad, and from two different moulds—the one uttered is from the same mould as some of the ten found in Ford's pocket.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Woodburn's Defence.</hi> I went out for a walk, and went up to Ford, and asked him the way to Highgate Wood. We walked a little way together. I gave the half-crown at the shop believing it to be genuine. I then went to the other shop and paid with another half-crown, believing it to be good. I left him and went up the road; he came after me and asked me to have something to drink. I saw no more of him till after he was arrested. He gave me four half-crowns, and three of them turned out to be bad.</p>
<rs id="t18930724-656-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-656-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-656-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18930724-656-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-656-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-656-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-656-18930724 t18930724-656-punishment-9"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-656-18930724 t18930724-656-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that they believed her to be under the influence: of Ford.—Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-657">
<interp inst="t18930724-657" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-657" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-657-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-657-18930724 t18930724-657-offence-1 t18930724-657-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240007"/>
<persName id="def1-657-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-657-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-657-18930724" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-657-18930724" type="surname" value="OWENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-657-18930724" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS OWENS</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-657-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-657-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-657-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-657-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-657-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-657-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18930724-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-52" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-52" type="surname" value="ESTE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-52" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-657-offence-1 t18930724-name-52"/>Mary Este</persName>, his wife being alive.—(</rs>
<hi rend="italic">See next page.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-658">
<interp inst="t18930724-658" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-658" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-658-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-658-18930724 t18930724-658-offence-1 t18930724-658-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-658-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-658-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-658-18930724" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-658-18930724" type="surname" value="OWENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-658-18930724" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS OWENS</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18930724-658-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-658-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-658-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> for stealing a watch, of
<persName id="t18930724-name-54" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-54" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-54" type="given" value="GEORGE LOWDELL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-658-offence-1 t18930724-name-54"/>George Lowdell Harding</persName>, his master;
<hi rend="italic">Second County</hi> stealing table-spoons and other articles of his said master.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-55" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-55" type="given" value="GEORGE LOWDELL"/>REV. GEORGE LOWDELL HARDING</persName> </hi>. I live at 12, Upper Porchester Street—I had a gold watch which I left at Sir John Bennett's in May, I think, to be repaired—it was to be sent to me, but I did not receive it—the prisoner was managing a temperance restaurant for me—I asked him if he had received the watch, or seen any packet; he said, "No"—I went to Sir John Bennett's, after which I spoke to the prisoner again—he said he had had it three weeks and forgot it—I told him I had asked him for it; he said I had not—he produced it; it is worth £50—assuming that the parcel was directed to me he had no right to open it—I had six tablespoons, six dessert-spoons, six tea-spoons, and six forks, which had never been used—I did not miss them till I saw them at the pawnbroker's after the prisoner was in custody—this is my watch and my silver, and has my initials on it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> When I charged you with stealing the watch it had been in my possession two days—you were entitled to receive any parcel, but not to open it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-56" type="surname" value="DYSON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-56" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DYSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). I took the prisoner on June 25th and told him the charge—he said, "How can I have stolen it if Mr. Harding has now got it?"—he said that he had received it and signed for it, but omitted to send it to Mr. Harding—during my inquiries I saw the silver—I told Mr. Harding; he went upstairs and missed it, and accompanied me to the pawnshop—I told the prisoner on the remand that he would be charged with stealing the spoons and forks; he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-57" type="surname" value="EDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-57" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR EDEN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Richardson, a pawnbroker, of Upper George Street—these spoons and forks were pawned with me by the prisoner on June 15th in the name of George Lowdell Harding, which corresponds with the initials; they have never been used.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> The watch came at nine or ten at night; I put it in a place of safety. When Mrs. Harding asked me about it Mr. Harding went away, and I sent a telegram to his manager. Receiving no reply I opened the parcel, and when he came home and asked me for the watch I told him I had had it three weeks. He had it in his possession two days, and then charged me with stealing it. The other articles I plead guilty to.</p>
<rs id="t18930724-658-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-658-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-658-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Second Count only:</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-659">
<interp inst="t18930724-659" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-659" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-659-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-659-18930724 t18930724-659-offence-1 t18930724-659-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-659-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-659-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-659-18930724" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-659-18930724" type="surname" value="OWENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-659-18930724" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS OWENS</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18930724-659-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-659-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-659-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> for stealing twelve watches, rings, and other articles of
<persName id="t18930724-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-59" type="surname" value="OAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-59" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-659-offence-1 t18930724-name-59"/>George Oake</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-60" type="surname" value="OAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-60" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE OAKE</persName> </hi>. I am a jeweller, of 11, Strove Road, Willesden Green—the prisoner was my agent for the sale of jewellery, and had jewels in his possession to sell—I received information late last month, and went to 4, Upper Porchester Terrace, then to the Police-court, and then to nine or ten pawnbrokers'—these watches are mostly silver—these two gold rings, gold watch, and gold chain are mine—there are eleven watches—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240008"/>
<p>value all the property at £94—I saw the watches at various pawnbrokers'—the prisoner had no authority to pawn them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am not in the employ of Mr. Goldstein, of Manchester; I am not his servant—it is not a fact that I am appointed by him, and get so much for appointing agents—you paid me £6 15s.—that was on my own account, not on Mr. Goldstein's—the watches are mine—this agreement was made on my behalf.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. This agreement came to an end at the time of the prisoner's arrest—I am entirely responsible for these goods, and if they are lost I have to pay for them—the prisoner was supplied with goods on sale or return about April 26th, and he should have returned an account on May 1st—on June 1st he failed to bring an account, but owed me £6 15s., and said the goods were on hire—I took them all away from him, but gave them back, and he pledged, the lot—the money was returned when the fresh agreement was made out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You frequently received property from Manchester, but you received all these articles from me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This property is entirely my own—the terms I made with the prisoner had nothing to do with Goldstein.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-61" type="surname" value="CLEVERLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-61" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CLEVERLEY</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Fish Brothers, pawnbrokers—two gold watches and a diamond ring were pawned with me by the prisoner for £6 108.—he had pledged things before—this is the ticket I gave—he said he bought them of a friend.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-62" type="surname" value="COTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-62" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK COTTON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to my brother, a pawnbroker, of 17, Harrow Road—the prisoner pledged these watches (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) with me on June 19th for £7 10s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-63" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-63" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES JAMES</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Thompson, a pawnbroker, of 63, Praed Street—the prisoner pledged this gold chain with me on June 16th for £3 5s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-64" type="surname" value="MCMASTER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MCMASTER</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Andrew McGall, a pawnbroker, of 106, Seymour Place—the prisoner pawned this gold watch with me on 21st June for £1 15s., and another for £1 5s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-65" type="surname" value="PACEY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-65" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD PACEY</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to William Clark, a pawnbroker, of 121, Hampstead Road—the prisoner pawned these two watches, two rings, and a chain with me on June 21st for £2 17s.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-66" type="surname" value="BAUCKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-66" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BAUCKHAM</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Beecher, a pawnbroker, of Drummond Street—the prisoner pledged these two silver watches and an Albert chain with me on 21st and 23rd June.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-67" type="surname" value="BRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-67" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BRIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to John Allen Bridge, pawnbroker, of 20, John Street, Albion Road—two silver watches were pawned with me by John Owen for a guinea each.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-68" type="surname" value="NUTT"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-68" type="given" value="EDWARD CHARLES"/>EDWARD CHARLES NUTT</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Jay, a pawnbroker, of 142, Oxford Street—the prisoner pledged these two watches with me for 30s. on June 2nd.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-69" type="surname" value="MARRIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-69" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST MARRIOTT</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Ambery, a pawnbroker—on June 23rd the prisoner pledged a gold watch and a ring with me for £1.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-70" type="surname" value="DYSON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-70" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DYSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). On 4th July I told the prisoner he would be further charged with stealing jewellery, value £95, between April 22nd and June—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was never in Mr. Oake's employment at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-659-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-659-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-659-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at Carnarvon on July</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1886.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18930724-659-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-659-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-659-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-659-18930724 t18930724-659-punishment-10"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude on the larceny indictments</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240009"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-660">
<interp inst="t18930724-660" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-660" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-660-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-660-18930724 t18930724-660-offence-1 t18930724-660-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-660-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-660-18930724 t18930724-660-offence-1 t18930724-660-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-660-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-660-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-660-18930724" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-660-18930724" type="surname" value="DOWNING"/>
<interp inst="def1-660-18930724" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES DOWNING</hi> (18)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-660-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-660-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-660-18930724" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def2-660-18930724" type="surname" value="RAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-660-18930724" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM RAY</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-660-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-660-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-660-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, Feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18930724-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-73" type="surname" value="LIGHTER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-73" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-660-offence-1 t18930724-name-73"/>Jacob Lighter</persName>, and stealing therein;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18930724-660-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-660-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-660-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>for breaking and entering the warehouse, of
<persName id="t18930724-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-74" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-74" type="given" value="GILBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-660-offence-2 t18930724-name-74"/>Gilbert King</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DOWNING</hi>
<rs id="t18930724-660-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-660-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-660-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to the second indictment.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18930724-660-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-660-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-660-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-660-18930724 t18930724-660-punishment-11"/>Eight Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RAY</hi>
<rs id="t18930724-660-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-660-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-660-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to the first</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18930724-660-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-660-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-660-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-660-18930724 t18930724-660-punishment-12"/>Ten Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-661">
<interp inst="t18930724-661" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-661" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-661-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-661-18930724 t18930724-661-offence-1 t18930724-661-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-661-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-661-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-661-18930724" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-661-18930724" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-661-18930724" type="given" value="WILLIAM CONOLLY"/>
<interp inst="def1-661-18930724" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CONOLLY JOHNSON</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-661-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-661-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-661-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing whilst employed in the Post Office a post letter containing three sovereigns.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-76" type="surname" value="SHEPHERD"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-76" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA SHEPHERD</persName> </hi>. On 27th June I went to the post office at Bevis Mount, Southampton, where I live—I saw Miss Button, the assistant, and gave her three sovereigns, and got a registered envelope and letter, which was directed for me in the post office, to Mrs. Smith, 54, Chandler Road, Custom House—her name is Minnie; I so addressed her in the letter—I received this receipt from Miss Button.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-77" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-77" type="surname" value="BUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-77" type="given" value="ROSA ELEANOR"/>ROSA ELEANOR BUTTON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant at the post office at Bevis Mount, Southampton—on 27th June I received three sovereigns from Mrs. Shepherd, which I enclosed in a registered letter and envelope; I did not address it, it was addressed—I gave Mrs. Shepherd the receipt—I put the money into the envelope and fastened it up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-78" type="surname" value="ALLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-78" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN ALLIS</persName> </hi>. I am head postman at Victoria Dock—the prisoner was a letter-carrier there—it is part of my duty to hand registered letters and corresponding receipts to the postmen for delivery, and he signs his name on the counterfoil in a book—the letter is identified by a number—the address is given on a slip given to him—this is it, the number thirteen represents the number of the letter in question—that is the document that was given to the prisoner, which he would have to get signed when he gave up the letter; it was returned in due course—it purports to be signed by "M. Smith"—I gave the prisoner the letter, with the slip, on 28th June—I found the slip returned next morning—the prisoner when he came to the office in the morning would put it on a file or box—I have seen the prisoner write several times—to the best of my belief, the signature "M. Smith" on the slip is the prisoner's writing—I did not see the prisoner sign this "M. C. Johnson.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> The formation of the letters in the slip is very similar to yours; the "s's" are very much alike, no other letter that I can see.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I speak from my remembrance of his handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-79" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-79" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-79" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>MINNIE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Frederick Smith, of 54, Chandler Road, Custom House—I was at home on the 28th of June last—I did not receive a registered letter from Mrs. Shepherd or anybody else on that day—this "M. Smith" on this receipt was not written by me or by my authority—I did not receive any letter from Mrs. Shepherd—I did not expect a letter—my husband was at home that day, but I think he had gone to his work; he is a bedroom steward on board ship—he generally got up at half-past eight—I could not say what time he got up that morning; he is now at Norway—he came down to breakfast that morning</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240010"/>
<p>—he does not open my letters—I was expecting a letter from Mrs. Shepherd, but I did not know whether it would come in two or three days. (
<hi rend="italic">At the request of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the witness wrote her name on a slip of paper</hi>)—the receipt is not my husband's writing, or the least like it—upon not receiving the letter after three or four days I wrote to my mother, Mrs. Shepherd, and she made a complaint.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I only occupy the bottom floor of the house; Mrs. Willis and her niece, Miss McNeal, occupy the top floor—there is no one else living in the house but an invalid, who is confined to her bed, and dying.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-80" type="surname" value="ALLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-80" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN ALLIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-called</hi>). This letter ought to have been delivered between eight and half-past—I gave the prisoner the receipt when I gave him the letter, about half-past seven, when he took out the first delivery—he would reach Chandler Road about 8. 15—these two papers (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) contain specimens of his handwriting—there is no other postman on the same round—these are official papers, reports to the Post Office, signed by him—I have seen him sign his name dozens of times.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-81" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-81" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH WILLIS</persName> </hi>. I am a widow—on 28th June I was staying with my daughter at 54, Chandler Road—I did not take in any registered letter that day, or at any time, nor did I sign this receipt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-82" type="surname" value="MCNEAL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-82" type="given" value="AGNES"/>AGNES MCNEAL</persName> </hi>. I am niece to the last witness—I live at 31, Chapel Road, Southampton—on 28th June last I was staying with my aunt at 54, Chandler Road—I did not take in any registered letter addressed to Mrs. Smith—I do not know the handwriting on this receipt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-83" type="surname" value="MULLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-83" type="given" value="RICHARD WILLIAM"/>RICHARD WILLIAM MULLETT</persName> </hi>. I am overseer at the Victoria Dock Post-office—I saw the prisoner there on 28th June—he came on duty that morning late; he said he had overslept himself—I gave him a statement to write out; he wrote it, and then left the office, and never returned to duty—his statement was forwarded to the office in due course—he did not intimate that he was not coming back—this statement was written by him in my presence—I know his handwriting—I believe the "M. Smith" on this receipt to be his writing; I should say it is in hit ordinary handwriting—when he gets the receipt he should place it in a box at the office—the receipts are taken from the box two or three times during the day, and fixed in a book—if they are not found there, inquiry would be immediately made.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-84" type="surname" value="PURDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-84" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PURDELL</persName> </hi>. I am an auxiliary postman at Victoria Dock Post-office, and live at 98, Abbots Road, Poplar—the prisoner lodged with me—he left without notice on the 6th July; he did not say where he was going, or give any explanation.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not sleep there on the Thursday, the 6th, nor did I call you in the morning.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-85" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-85" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the secretary's office at the General Post Office—I was instructed to investigate the loss of this letter—on 14th July I saw the prisoner at the General Post Office—I said to him, "I am investigating the loss of a registered letter containing three sovereigns, posted at Southampton on 27th June, addressed to Mrs. M. Smith; this letter was taken out by you for delivery, and it has not been received by the addressee; what have you to say?"—he said, "I beg pardon, I handed the registered letter into the house and got the receipt</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240011"/>
<p>which I gave in to the head postman"—I said, "Is this the receipt?" producing it to him—he said, "That is the receipt, sir"—I said, "Who signed it?"—he said, "The woman"—I said, "Did you deliver the letter at 54?"—he said, "Yes; I gave the letter in to the woman, at 54"—that was all he said about this matter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-86" type="surname" value="BICK"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-86" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP BICK</persName> </hi>. I am a constable attached to the General Post Office—on the 14th July I found the prisoner at a lodging-house in Black friars Road—I took him to the General Post Office, where he saw Mr. Edwards.—I heard Mr. Edwards' account of what took place; it is quite correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-87" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-87" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR NEWMAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 32, Addington Road, Devonport—on 5th July I enclosed three sovereigns in a registered letter and envelope directed to W. M. Newman, 14, Chandler Road, Custom House.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-88" type="surname" value="ALLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-88" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN ALLIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This counterfoil and slip for the letter addressed to W. M. Newman is signed by the prisoner, on Thursday, 6th July—it has never been returned to the box; I noticed that it was missing on the Friday—I asked the prisoner if he had got the receipt—he said he would bring it, but he did not come on duty any more.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-89" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-89" type="given" value="WILLIAM MILES"/>WILLIAM MILES NEWMAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 14, Chandler Road—I never received a registered letter on 5th July from Mr. Arthur Newman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-90" type="surname" value="PURDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-90" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PURDELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-called</hi>). I was instructed by Mr. Allis, and on Tuesday, 11th July, I searched the prisoner's uniform clothes, which he had left behind—in his cap I found this blank form of receipt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. T. EDWARDS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). On 14th July, in addition to the conversation I had with the prisoner About the other letter, I told him, "I am also investigating the loss of a registered letter containing three sovereigns posted on 5th July addressed to Mr. W. M. Newman, which should have been received by you; what have you to say?"—he said, "I lost it"—I said, "Where?"—he said, "I don't know; I must have lost it when I was tying up my letters"—I said, "Did you tell anyone of it or report it? "—he said, "No"—I said, "What did you do with the receipt?"—he said, "I have it in my cap"—I said, "Why did you absent yourself since the 7th July?"—he said, "Because I lost the letter and could not replace it; I sent in my resignation and was looking for employment"—he had not in fact sent in his resignation; I gave him into custody there and then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. J. ALLIS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This is the counterfoil corresponding to the receipt found in the prisoner's cap, No. 20 that would be the twentieth registered letter that day before half-past eight a. m.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-91" type="surname" value="PURDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-91" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PURDELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I was on perfectly friendly terms with the prisoner as a lodger—we had no quarrel—he did not owe me any money when he left.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> On 28th June I went out with a registered letter to Mrs. Smith, of 54, Chandler Road; I knocked at the door and handed it in with my slip, saying, "If Mrs. Smith is in, please sign the receipt; don't put 'Mrs. Smith,' but put the first letter of her Christian name. "It came out and was not blotted; I held it between my fingers to dry in the wind; it was signed. I went back to the office and put it in the box. As regards Mr. Newman's letter, it must have slipped out of my bundle. I found the slip and put it in my cap. When I got back to the office I said nothing to anyone, I was ashamed of my neglect of duty and could</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240012"/>
<p>not face it. I went to the office in the morning and said I would send in my resignation. I plead my innocence. I never knew what was inside the letter. I have a pension of 8d. a day for life, and it is not likely I should sacrifice that for a paltry sum of £6.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-661-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-661-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-661-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">>Mr. Edwards stated that there had been numerous losses of Utters at this branch.—
<rs id="t18930724-661-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-661-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-661-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-661-18930724 t18930724-661-punishment-13"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-662">
<interp inst="t18930724-662" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-662" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-662-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-662-18930724 t18930724-662-offence-1 t18930724-662-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-662-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-662-18930724 t18930724-662-offence-1 t18930724-662-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-662-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-662-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-662-18930724" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-662-18930724" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-662-18930724" type="given" value="OWEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OWEN SULLIVAN</hi> (19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-662-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-662-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-662-18930724" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-662-18930724" type="surname" value="STACK"/>
<interp inst="def2-662-18930724" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN STACK</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-662-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-662-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-662-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18930724-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-94" type="surname" value="HOOKER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-94" type="given" value="ROBERT WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-662-offence-1 t18930724-name-94"/>Robert William Hooker</persName> and stealing his watch.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-95" type="surname" value="HOOKER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-95" type="given" value="ROBERT WILLIAM"/>ROBERT WILLIAM HOOKER</persName> </hi>. I live at 16, Elliot's Gardens, Colebrook Row, Islington, and am a glass embosser by trade—on Saturday night, 24th June, I was returning home about twelve o'clock, when six or seven people attacked me, and I received a blow behind the ear and was felled to the ground and kicked—I struggled to my feet and got twelve or thirteen yards away, when I was kicked again, and fell down, and I felt a hand in my right-hand trousers pocket, and I was kicked on the thigh—I heard my wife say, "Bob, he has got your watch!"—this was close to my house—my watch had been in my right-hand trousers pocket—I could not swear whose hand went into that pocket—my watch was stolen—I struggled to my feet and followed Sullivan, who I saw running away—I saw the last of him at the corner of Elliot's Court—at the top of Elliot's Place I met a constable, and told him about the person who had stolen my watch—I saw Sullivan's face; he kicked me when I was on the ground, and I saw his face then, and I looked him straight in the face when the hand came from my pocket—I would not swear Sullivan took my watch—I am sure that man I followed was the man whose face I saw, and I saw him as he turned the corner—it was Sullivan—I saw him again about five minutes afterwards in the constable's charge—he was brought back to Elliot's Place—the constable asked me if I recognised him—I said "Yes," and I would charge him with stealing my watch, and assaulting me—he said he was innocent—on the way to the station I did not hear him say anything—at the station he said he should tell Ned Moore of me—Ned Moore is a young man that lives down our place, and I believe the prisoner said that to make himself known to me—I had known Sullivan for two or three years, only being about the Essex Road, and having lived down there—I recognised him as being Sullivan—I knew his name—I recognised him when he was kicking me on the ground—it is rather a rough neighbourhood—I cannot recognise Stack as being one of the men—I did not know him by sight.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Sullivan.</hi> I don't know if you are a cripple—you were not one when I knew you for two or three years—whether you had good or bad boots on I was black and blue down my thigh—I have a mark on my thigh now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-96" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-96" type="surname" value="HOOKER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-96" type="given" value="CLARA"/>CLARA HOOKER</persName> </hi>. I am the prosecutor's wife—on the night of 24th June I came to the end of Colebrook Row to see if I could see my husband coming home—I saw him, and I saw the two prisoners and about six other men come up to him—I had not seen either of the prisoners before—two or three of the men struck my husband together in the face and head, and knocked him down, and they all commenced to kick him and punch him—I said, "Leave him alone"—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240013"/>
<p>struggled to his feet—I tried to pull him away; they pushed me and rushed at him again, and kicked him, and knocked him about again—I saw Sullivan put his hand in my husband's pocket, and I caught hold of him and said, "You are trying to rob him"—he pulled his hand away and ran off—all the men made kicks at my husband, just where they could get a kick in—Stack was kicking and punching at my husband when he was on the ground—I called to my husband and said, "He has got your watch," and they went away, including Stack—I next saw him in the dock on Monday morning with Sullivan—I recognised them both—they ran away because I called out, and several people gathered round and called out for the police—my husband ran after Sullivan, and all the others scattered away—another witness found the watch; we have got it back.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Stack.</hi> Another witness recognised you outside the Court—it was about midnight that it happened.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-97" type="surname" value="SPICER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-97" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SPICER</persName> </hi>. I live at Essex Road, Islington—on Saturday night, 24th June, I was coming along Colebrook Row, at midnight, and I saw a gang of fellows, and I crossed to see, and saw them round the prosecutor, knocking him about—I saw them knock him to the ground and kick him, and I saw Sullivan take his hand from his right hand pocket—I followed them to the corner of Elliot's Place—Sullivan ran away—I followed him, and saw him throw the watch away at the corner of Elliot's Place—I did not pick it up—when the policeman brought him back he asked the prosecutor if he was the man, and I said, Yes, he was—I saw Stack there that night—I did not see him again till Monday morning, when he was outside the public-house, on the kerb, opposite the Police-court to which Sullivan was going to be brought up—I recognised him at once, and I told a policeman he was the man who was with them on Saturday evening, and the policeman took him into custody—I only know the prisoners by sight, seeing them about Essex Road—I recognised Stack on the night as a man whose face I knew—I charged him myself, pointing him out from a distance.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Sullivan.</hi> The watch was thrown into a doorway—it might have struck against the wall.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Stack.</hi> I did not say I saw you assault him, but you were with them; there were too many of you having a kick at one time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It was between a quarter to twelve and twelve.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-98" type="surname" value="SHERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-98" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH SHERWOOD</persName> </hi>. I live at 14, Elliot's Gardens, Essex Road—on Saturday night, 24th June, I picked up this watch in Elliot's Place, under a window in the roadway—I saw one or two people when I picked it up, and they said it belonged to Mr. Hooker, and I gave it to Mrs. Hooker—it was ten minutes to twelve when I picked it up—I was going home with my supper beer, and I saw the clock in the Essex Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-99" type="surname" value="HOOKER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-99" type="given" value="ROBERT WILLIAM"/>ROBERT WILLIAM HOOKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This is my watch; it was. in my pocket when I was assaulted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-100" type="surname" value="STOTSBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-100" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID STOTSBURY</persName> </hi> (320
<hi rend="italic">N</hi>). On Saturday night, 24th June, I heard cries of "Stop thief!" and "Murder!" from Elliot's Gardens, Essex Road—I went and saw Sullivan run up Elliot's Place, coming from the direc
<lb/>tion of Elliot's Gardens—the prosecutor came after him, and said, "That man has stolen my watch"—I chased the prisoner and lost sight of him—I searched for him—I had a description given me—I arrested Sullivan</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240014"/>
<p>on suspicion outside a public-house in the Essex Road—I took him down the road and saw the prosecutor, who immediately identified Sullivan as having stolen his watch—Sullivan said, "I know nothing about it; you have made a mistake"—I took him to Upper Street Police-station, where he was charged—on the way to the station he said he knew nothing about it—in answer to the charge he said he was innocent—Sullivan ran right past me when the prosecutor was pursuing him, and I saw him plainly—I knew him by sight; I have known him for some time, and I recognized him at once—Stack was pointed out to me outside the Police-court, and I took him into custody—he said he knew nothing about it; that he was drunk on Saturday night—he said nothing when he was formally charged—I know Stack—I have seen the prisoners about with other men; not together.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Sullivan.</hi> You ran by me—you have a diseased hip—I recognised you when you ran by me by the way you ran, with a limp.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Stack.</hi> You were not drunk; you had had a drop of drink—you were near the place where the prosecutor was robbed, and you followed us up to the station when I had Sullivan in custody—you did not fall in my presence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Stack's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I was drunk on Saturday night; I am sure I was not there. I have no witnesses."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sullivan, in his defence, stated that he was at a friend's house about thirty yards away, and that hearing a noise he stepped out to learn the cause, and was at once pointed out by the prosecutor as one of the men who had robbed him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Stack stated that he knew nothing of the matter, and that it had been got up against him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-101" type="surname" value="SPICER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-101" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SPICER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I did not say I saw Stack strike the prosecutor, but I saw him kick him—I saw him with the others having a free kick.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-662-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-662-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-662-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY*†</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in March</hi>, 1893.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18930724-662-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-662-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-662-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-662-18930724 t18930724-662-punishment-14"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-662-18930724 t18930724-662-punishment-14"/>Twelve Strokes with the Cat,</rs> and
<rs id="t18930724-662-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-662-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-662-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-662-18930724 t18930724-662-punishment-15"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-662-18930724 t18930724-662-punishment-15"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-663">
<interp inst="t18930724-663" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-663" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-663-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-663-18930724 t18930724-663-offence-1 t18930724-663-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-663-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-663-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-663-18930724" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-663-18930724" type="surname" value="FULLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-663-18930724" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FULLER</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-663-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-663-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-663-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18930724-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-103" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-103" type="surname" value="STRETTON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-103" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-663-offence-1 t18930724-name-103"/>Susannah Stretton</persName>, with intent to steal therein.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BAYLISS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-104" type="surname" value="FLATT"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-104" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FLATT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant</hi>, 14
<hi rend="italic">N</hi>). At half-past four a. m. on 10th July I received information and went with 38 N to the back of 37, Haddon Road, Islington, and there I found a cap, jacket, pair of boots, shoe-brush, and walking-stick outside the ground-floor back window, which was open—I looked into the room and saw the prisoner sitting down there in the corner—I asked if he lived there; he made me no answer—I went round to the front—when I took the prisoner into custody he said, "You are too smart for me, or I should have been all over the house"—he got in by prising back the catch of the window with a knife—I found a knife on the prisoner which corresponded with the marks on the catch—he said as to the articles of clothing found outside the window, "They belong to me"—he could not have got through the window if he had kept those clothes on; the window bars were too narrow.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240015"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I and the other constable were together, and saw you in the room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-105" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-105" type="surname" value="STRETTON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-105" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>SUSANNAH STRETTON</persName> </hi>. I am single, and occupy 37, Haddon Road, Islington—between half-past eight and nine the night before I saw the window of the room in which the prisoner was found fastened—I was called up by the police in the morning and found the window open—nothing was missing from the house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his statement before five Magistrate, and in his defence, stated that he went into the garden to sleep, and that in the morning, as he thought he could not get over the wall without being caught, he was going out into the street through the house, and that he had no intention to steal.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-663-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-663-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-663-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY*</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in July</hi>, 1891,
<hi rend="italic">at Bodmin. A former employer of the prisoner stated that he would take him back and give him another trial. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">said that if next Session he would enter into recognisances to bring One prisoner up for judgment if called on, and would take him then into his employment, the prisoner would then be discharged.—
<rs id="t18930724-663-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-663-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-663-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-663-18930724 t18930724-663-punishment-16"/>Judgment Respited</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-664">
<interp inst="t18930724-664" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-664" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-664-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-664-18930724 t18930724-664-offence-1 t18930724-664-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-664-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-664-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18930724" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18930724" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18930724" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT BELL</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-664-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-664-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-664-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18930724-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-107" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-107" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-664-offence-1 t18930724-name-107"/>Charles Ross</persName> with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-108" type="surname" value="DEAVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-108" type="given" value="ALFRED CHARLES"/>ALFRED CHARLES DEAVILLE</persName> </hi>. I am employed on the Great Northern Railway, and lodge at 130, York Road—on 3rd July, about 3. 30 a. m., I was awoke by two men trying to force my window, which is level with the back yard—I could see their faces—I got up and called Mr. Ross, the landlord, and Robert Gray; we opened the top window, where Mr. Ross sleeps, and saw three Great Northern carmen, and we all three saw the prisoner come outside my room—they got inside my room, and my coat was moved, and a candle put in the pocket of it—the window was completely forced up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-109" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-109" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ROSS</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, of 130, York Road, Islington—on July 3rd, about 3. 15 a. m., Deaville called me—I got up and opened my window, and saw a man standing in the yard—I called a
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> and gave him the key of the side door, and then saw the prisoner and another man getting over the wall of the back yard into the yard of the lodging-house—I sent for a constable and went to the lodging-house, and saw the prisoner in bed in the first floor front smoking—his bed was close to the window—I gave him in custody and went to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-110" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-110" type="given" value="ROBERT JAMES"/>ROBERT JAMES GRAY</persName> </hi>. I am a carpenter, and lodge at 130, York Road—on 3rd July, about three a. m., Charles Deaville awoke me—I got up and put on my clothes—two men were passing, and I made signs to them to go to the front—they pushed the door to, and the prisoner got out at the window and was getting over the dusthole—he got over the wall and dropped down into the yard of the next house—we then went to the lodging-house and found the prisoner in bed smoking a pipe—the constable said, "Is this the man?"—I said, "Yes"—another man was arrested next</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240016"/>
<p>day, but he was not the man—I did not know the prisoner before—he was undressed; the constable made him put his trousers on.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-111" type="surname" value="SCUDDER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-111" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SCUDDER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi>). I went with Gray and another man to this lodging-house and saw the prisoner in bed smoking—Mr. Ross and Mr. Gray went in with me; they recognised him directly they went in—I took him to the station; he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I am innocent. I went to bed at one a. m., and heard a noise. I looked out at the window, and somebody said, "That is him."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-664-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-664-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-664-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-665">
<interp inst="t18930724-665" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-665" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-665-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-665-18930724 t18930724-665-offence-1 t18930724-665-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-665-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-665-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-665-18930724" type="surname" value="CROWE"/>
<interp inst="def1-665-18930724" type="given" value="FREDERICK ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK ARTHUR CROWE</hi>, Feloniously</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-665-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-665-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-665-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> wounding
<persName id="t18930724-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-113" type="surname" value="HAYLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-113" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-665-offence-1 t18930724-name-113"/>Charles Haylock</persName> with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PALMER-LILLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-114" type="surname" value="HAYLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-114" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HAYLOCK</persName> </hi>. I am a painter, and did live at 22, Tramway Avenue, Edmonton—on the evening of 3rd July I went out with my wife, and as we came home my boy said, "What do you think of that, father?"—the prisoner said, "Go and fetch a policeman"—I said, "What for?"—he said, "You will see if you come upstairs"—I have a front room downstairs and a back room upstairs—I went upstairs and was going into my room and saw the prisoner; he stabbed me in the thigh, and cut me on the back of my head—I had five stitches put on my head, and four on my leg—I do not know how I got downstairs—I undid my trousers and found I was stabbed—a policeman came—I was attended by Dr. Johnson.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My wife was previously married—I left her because she could not agree with my mother, and she went to live with her daughter—she did not beg her daughter to take her out of charity through being in distressed circumstances—she knew where I was—they absolutely turned her out into the street—I came home by the last train, and her daughter had turned her out—I had brought her home on the Saturday night—I did not threaten to do for the prisoner on the Thursday, nor did he lock himself up—this assault took place on Sunday night about 11. 20—the first public-house I went to was the Falcon, where we had a quart of beer between five of us—we then went to the Sultan, but I never had a drain there—we then went to Mrs. Smith's—she did not refuse to serve me because I was drunk—I was sober when I got home, and the prisoner and his wife were at the window when I spoke to the boy—I had not a file in my hand—I am not left-handed—I believe my wife followed up with a broom—the wound at the back of my head did not come from the broom—it was a complete cut—it is not a fact that I bit the prisoner's nose through—I recovered consciousness and went into the room—I did not strike the prisoner with the file—John Wade did not take me away from the prisoner and say I had given him enough—I was convicted of stealing rape-seed at Hounslow and for damaging pipes—I was taken up for doing damage in Eaton Square—I was not fined 40s. at Clerkenwell—I was fined £1 at Edmonton for quarrelling—I summoned one person for assault—his name was Barter—he is dead and buried.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not agree to separate from my wife—my mother came from Margate, and left me a bit of money, and my wife did not agree with her—I halloaed "Charley," and he came upstairs.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-115" type="surname" value="HAYLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-115" type="given" value="CHARLES FREDERICK"/>CHARLES FREDERICK HAYLOCK</persName> </hi>. I am fourteen years old, and live with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240017"/>
<p>my father at 22, Tramway Avenue, Edmonton—on the evening of July 3rd I was standing at the front door and my father and mother came home—three of us were standing there, and the prisoner called to us to fetch a policeman—I asked him what for—I did not go for a policeman; I said that my father would come up—I stood outside, and my sister came out and struck me behind my ear—my father asked why she had done it, and the prisoner hollaed downstairs, "I have got a thing here that will do for two"—I heard a heavy blow on the ballusters, and before I got half way up, I heard my father say, "I am stabbed!"—I went up, and saw the prisoner leaning over my father with a long sword—I tried to get it away from him, and he stabbed me here, and here, and here—Richards came and helped my father downstairs; he was bleeding much—I got the sword away, and, in doing so, hurt the prisoner's eye—he went into his room and said, "I have got a pistol"—I went into my room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner asked us to fetch a policeman before my father went into the house at all—my father was not in the prisoner's room—it was only a broom-handle that my mother had in her hand—the doctor has seen the wound; he says it was caused by a file—it did not look as if it had been bitten.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The broom was behind me—the prisoner's nose was bleeding after I took him away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-116" type="surname" value="HAYLOP"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-116" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE HAYLOP</persName> </hi>. I am the prosecutor's wife—I was out with him on July 3rd—we came home at eleven o'clock, and when I got indoors I heard the prisoner say, "Come up here, I have something that will supply the two of you"—my husband said, "Yes, I am coming up to bed"—he went up, and I heard him cry out, "Oh, I am stabbed"—I went up—me and the boy got the sword from him, and I got my hand cut—I gave the sword to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went to live at the house first—it was agreed that they should take me in as a favour—I did not wish to go, but I expected the brokers in—it was a convenience to have to take to my daughter's house—Haylop was away for a little time—I did not complain that he had deserted me, because he left me full and plenty—they never gave me notice: I was not going to stop because the place was not big enough—I had not got a broom when I went upstairs, but there was one on the landing, and I hit Mr. Crowe on his nose—it is not true that my husband went up with a file—I did not take the file away, and put it on the floor in the prisoner's bedroom—I was outside talking to the neighbours a quarter of an hour afterwards—my husband did not strike the prisoner with the file.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was not so excited as not to distinguish which was my husband and which was the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-117" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-117" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JONES</persName> </hi>. I am divisional police-surgeon at Edmonton—early on July 4th I was called to the station and found the prosecutor with a cut on the right thigh an inch and a half deep, and a scratch near the cut—it must have been produced by a sharp instrument—he also had a cut on his head an inch and a half long, which might have been caused by a blunt instrument.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The injury to his head might have been done by a broom-head, but it is not very probable—I was called to see the prisoner an hour afterwards, and found a contused wound on his head; a file</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240018"/>
<p>would be the most likely instrument to cause it, and there was a small wound near his right ear, an injury near his right eye, and on his nose and thumb, caused by biting, which wounds were more dangerous than the others.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The wound in the thigh would cause a considerable loss of blood, but I do not think he lost enough blood to cause faintness—he had been drinking, but I cannot say that he was drunk—the prisoner was perfectly sober—the wounds on the nose and thumb could not be done by anything but bites, as I saw the marks of teeth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-118" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-118" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK WHITE</persName> </hi> (377
<hi rend="italic">N</hi>). I am stationed at Hendon—I was called to the house on the night of July 3rd, and saw the prisoner at the top of the Avenue—he said, "I suppose you are coming for me? I struck the first blow to knock the file out of his hand; Mrs. Haylop handed the sword to me"—the prisoner said at the station that if he had not struck the first blow in self-defence he should have been murdered, and the prosecutor made no answer—the prisoner did not seem to know what he was talking about; he was rambling through excitement.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> From the look of him he had been very badly treated.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-119" type="surname" value="BEVERIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-119" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>FRANCES BEVERIDGE</persName> </hi>. I live at 20, Tramway Avenue, next door to the prisoner—I did not know him to speak to before this occurrence—I was on the doorstep when this happened—I heard the prosecutor and his wife coming up the street about ten minutes past eleven, talking very loudly, but I did not hear what they said—I saw them pass in, and I drew back and shut my door, and called my husband—Mrs. Crowe said, "The b——s—has got my oilcloth down in the passage"—he said, "That is it, is it? I will do for her," and he rushed upstairs—I looked and saw her following him; they had left their door open—the two doors are close together—I could hear the prosecutor and his wife in their front bedroom—Mrs. Crowe came running to me and asked me to fetch a policeman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My room is next door; their bay window is about a yard and a half from my doorstep, and they were talking very loudly; we have heard disputes ever since we have been in the house—when "Murder!" was called, my husband did not come; he is of a very retiring nature.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-120" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-120" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM RICHARDS</persName> </hi>. I am a master painter, of 33, Tramway Avenue—I entered the house at the request of the wife, and said, "Shall I go upstairs?"—she said, "Yes"—I went up, and saw the prisoner and prosecutor in close contact—the prosecutor said, "Don't bite"—I saw blood streaming down the prisoner's face, and after that I saw a sword in the prisoner's hand, but did not see any blow struck with it—I put my hand up to prevent the biting, during which time the woman was belabouring their heads with a broom, and my opinion was that the blows meant for one were received on the head of the other—I afterwards followed the prosecutor downstairs, and saw him in the parlour; he showed me blood on his leg, which he said was the effect of the cut—he went down in front of me—he had the use of his faculties all the time—Mrs. Haylop took the sword and cleaned it—the boy was not upstairs, there was not room. for or any more.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240019"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know how long the scrimmage went on—it is not true that I helped the prosecutor downstairs—he went down by himself—to the best of my recollection, the boy was not upstairs.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-121" type="surname" value="THORPE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-121" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY THORPE</persName> </hi>. I live at 9, Tramway Avenue—I was outside these premises against the lamp-post—we heard the row and heard Mrs. Haylop swearing in the parlour, and after that the prisoner looked out at the front bedroom window and said, "Charlie, fetch a policeman"—he said, "Shan't"—that was quarter of an hour or twenty minutes before the Hay lops had gone into the house—it is not true that before the Haylops were in the house the prisoner called out, "Go and fetch a policeman."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see the Haylops come home, but we saw them inside the parlour, and a quarter of an hour after we heard the cry.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OWEN</hi>. I did not see the Haylops come home, but I saw them in the house, and half an hour or twenty minutes after they came home the prisoner called a policeman—young Haylop was with me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This was about 11. 30.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-122" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-122" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SMITH</persName> </hi>. I keep, the Granville Public-house—Haylop came in on this day and said that his wife was a little way up the lane because she was drunk—I refused to serve him because he was drunk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was first asked to come here last Saturday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-123" type="surname" value="WADE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WADE</persName> </hi>. I am a tram-driver, of 20, Hilda Terrace—about 11. 15 something was said to me, and I ran up to where I saw a disturbance, and saw the prosecutor and prisoner in the room—the prisoner had a child about twelve months old in his arms, and the prosecutor was about to strike him with, a file—I said, "Don't hit him," and I caught him by his trousers and shook him, and made a grab at the file, but did not get it—he went in and came out again, and I said, "Will you go back, and let the constable come and settle it?" and we put the prosecutor in the room, and he sat at the right-hand corner of the mantelpiece—he had had some drink—the prisoner was as sober as I am now.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not examined before the Magistrate; I could not get away—it was a square flat file, ten or twelve inches long.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-665-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-665-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-665-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-666">
<interp inst="t18930724-666" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-666" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-666-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-666-18930724 t18930724-666-offence-1 t18930724-666-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-666-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-666-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-666-18930724" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-666-18930724" type="surname" value="SHILLINGFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-666-18930724" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR SHILLINGFORD</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-666-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-666-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-666-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Unlawfully exposing himself at the window of a dwelling-house.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended. The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-666-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-666-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-666-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18930724-666-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-666-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-666-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-666-18930724 t18930724-666-punishment-17"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-667">
<interp inst="t18930724-667" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-667" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-667-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-667-18930724 t18930724-667-offence-1 t18930724-667-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-667-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-667-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-667-18930724" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-667-18930724" type="surname" value="VARLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-667-18930724" type="given" value="CHARLES REGINALD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES REGINALD VARLEY</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-667-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-667-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-667-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-667-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-667-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-667-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully obtaining a watch and chain from
<persName id="t18930724-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-126" type="surname" value="SCHWORER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-126" type="given" value="KARL FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-667-offence-1 t18930724-name-126"/>Karl Frederick Schworer</persName> by false pretences, having been convicted at St. Albans on June 21at, 1893.—</rs>
<rs id="t18930724-667-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-667-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-667-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-667-18930724 t18930724-667-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-668">
<interp inst="t18930724-668" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-668" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-668-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-668-18930724 t18930724-668-offence-1 t18930724-668-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-668-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-668-18930724 t18930724-668-offence-2 t18930724-668-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-668-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-668-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18930724" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18930724" type="surname" value="MCGATH"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18930724" type="given" value="HERBERT CLAIR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERBERT ST. CLAIR McGATH</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-668-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-668-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-668-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to three indictments for forging and uttering an endorsement to three cheques for 28s. each, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18930724-668-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-668-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-668-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>to embezzling the said sums,</rs> having been convicted at Reading on June 29th, 1885.—
<rs id="t18930724-668-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-668-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-668-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-668-18930724 t18930724-668-punishment-19"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18930724-668-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-668-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-668-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-669">
<interp inst="t18930724-669" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-669" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-669-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-669-18930724 t18930724-669-offence-1 t18930724-669-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-669-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-669-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-669-18930724" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-669-18930724" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WATSON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18930724-669-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-669-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-669-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>** to stealing a watch and chain, the property of
<persName id="t18930724-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-129" type="surname" value="WALDEGRAVE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-129" type="given" value="na"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-669-offence-1 t18930724-name-129"/>Mr. Waldegrave</persName>,</rs> having been convicted at Worship Street on June 22nd, 1891.—
<rs id="t18930724-669-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-669-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-669-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-669-18930724 t18930724-669-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18930724-669-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-669-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-669-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240020"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th, and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, July</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-670">
<interp inst="t18930724-670" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-670" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-670-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-670-18930724 t18930724-670-offence-1 t18930724-670-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-670-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-670-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-670-18930724" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-670-18930724" type="surname" value="BODDAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-670-18930724" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WILLIAM BODDAM</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-670-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-670-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-670-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtain
<lb/>ing £10 from
<persName id="t18930724-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-131" type="surname" value="SUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-131" type="given" value="THOMAS MILLER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-670-offence-1 t18930724-name-131"/>Thomas Miller Sutton</persName> by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ATTENBOROUGH</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecutian, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-670-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-670-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-670-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-671">
<interp inst="t18930724-671" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-671" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-671-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-671-18930724 t18930724-671-offence-1 t18930724-671-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-671-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-671-18930724 t18930724-671-offence-1 t18930724-671-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-671-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-671-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18930724" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18930724" type="surname" value="BURKETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18930724" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BURKETT</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-671-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-671-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-671-18930724" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-671-18930724" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-671-18930724" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH WARD</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-671-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-671-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-671-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing five cases and 129 yards of dress material of
<persName id="t18930724-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-134" type="surname" value="HOOK"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-134" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-671-offence-1 t18930724-name-134"/>Charles Hook</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-135" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-135" type="given" value="JONES"/>MR. JONES LEWIS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Burkett.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-136" type="surname" value="HOOK"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-136" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HOOK</persName> </hi>. I am a master carman, of 240, East Lane, Walworth—on Wednesday, 28th June, between twelve and one in the day, I was employed by Mr. Briley, of Milton Street, to take five cases from the London, Chatham, and Dover Railway and deliver them at Messrs. Pattison and Co. 's, Australian Avenue—as I was going there I met a man at the door coming down the stairs—he asked me for the delivery-sheet; I had it in my hand; this is it—he took it from me and said, "I will go"—he brought it back signed, and directed me to take the goods to Milton Street, where I unloaded them under a shed near a warehouse—he helped me; we put them where he told me—he was neither of the prisoners—I have not seen the cases since—I believed him to be in the employment of Messrs. Pattison, or I should not have delivered up the sheet or the goods.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-137" type="surname" value="AVERY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-137" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN AVERY</persName> </hi>. I am forwarding clerk to Messrs. Pattison, Laing, and Bruce, of Australian Avenue—on 28th June we expected to receive five cases of dress materials—we did not receive them—no one in our house signed this receipt—I do not know the handwriting—we have no office in Milton Street—we only receive goods in Australian Avenue—I have seen the goods at the Police-court—they were stuffs which we expected—the value of them is about £350.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-138" type="surname" value="HEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-138" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID HEARD</persName> </hi>. I am a carman in the employ of George Barrow, of 55, Broadway, London Fields—on Wednesday, 28th June, about a quarter past four, some man came to our place and hired a van—I was instructed to take a van to Milton Street; it was not one of the prisoners—when I got there I saw the two prisoners in an archway and the man that went with me and two more, five altogether—they loaded the cases, the two prisoners helping—they got the whole five cases into my van—the man that hired the van and Ward got on the van with me; Burkett stopped behind with the other three; but they came on in front in a hansom—Burkett was one of the three—when all the cases were loaded we went into Tabernacle Street and had a drink at a public-house—Ward paid for the drink—we then went on to Hackney Road, and stopped at another public-house, and had more drink; Ward paid for that—altogether he paid for three drinks—I afterwards saw Burkett and the other two men in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240021"/>
<p>Baron Street, Hackney Road, going towards Victoria Park—they did not drink with me on the road—we arrived at a stable at a turning off Roman Road, Bow—there I saw Burkett and one of the other men—we unloaded the goods; the two prisoners and two more men took part in the unloading—they put the five cases into a stable at the back of a chandler's shop—Ward paid me 15d. an hour, 3s. 9d.—I went away back with the van to Mr. Barrows, and left the prisoners in a public-house in Grove Road; Ward paid for drinks all round—I have since seen the cases and identified all five of them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. The man who hired me drove with me on the van, and he was with me all throughout; he was still there when I was paid—they gave me 1s. 3d. for myself; I was paid 5s. altogether.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-139" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-139" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer of 15, Asbury Road, Bow—I have a stable attached to my house—on 28th June, between five and six in the evening, two young men came to hire the stable from me—I do not recognise the prisoners—they hired it at half-crown a week—they paid me a half-crown in advance—I have not seen those two men since—I got no more rent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-140" type="surname" value="CAUSEBY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CAUSEBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Inspector K.</hi>) About a quarter to nine on Thursday evening, 29th June, I went to the stable at 15, Arbury Road, Bow—I there saw the two prisoners and another man, and five cases of goods, which have since been identified—they were all open, and inside I saw drapery goods and dress material—immediately the door was opened the three men made a rush to the door—I was in plain clothes and a detective was with me—the door was opened from the inside—as the men made a rush to pass me I took hold of Burkett, and, after a severe struggle, I threw him to the ground and held him there—the other two men, Ward and the other, got away; they were pursued by the other constable—Burkett said nothing when I took hold of him—I took him to the station and I saw Ward there the same evening—I said to them, "There are some cases of goods found in the stable; have you any explanation to offer?"—Ward said, "I know nothing about them"—Burkett made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. I went to the stable in consequence of information; it is level with the front of the house; you step from the pavement into it—the door was not open when I first arrived; it was opened immediately I got there—there were three other officers with me; two were at the back; all in plain clothes—Burkett gave no explanation when charged at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Ward.</hi> I did not see you and the other men go into the stable—you were not in the stable more than three or four minutes before I got there—I had the place under observation from the previous night—we were aware that someone was inside—I found nothing on Burkett.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-141" type="surname" value="BURDON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-141" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BURDON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Sergeant K</hi>). I accompanied the last witness on 29th June—when I got in I saw the prisoner and another man rush from the stable—the inspector caught Burkett—I pursued Ward over a quarter of a mile, and caught him—he said, "What is this for?"—I said, "For being in possession of five cases"—he said, "This is all for doing a job for other people"—I took him to Bow Street and searched him, and in his right-hand pocket I found a number of pieces of material similar to those in the cases—the cases had been broken open—I found a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240022"/>
<p>jemmy in the stable which had not been there previously—I have examined the bulk, and found several pieces cut off the ends, of the same colour and pattern in every particular—the prisoners were charged at the station; they made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Burkett, in his statement before the Magistrate, alleged that as he and Ward were walking along a man engaged them to help load a van, and gave them drink and</hi> 5s.,
<hi rend="italic">and promised them another job next day, and whilst so engaged they were arrested. Ward, in his defence, said the same, and as to the pieces found in his pocket, they were given to him in a parcel, which lie put in his pocket, and did not know what the parcel contained.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-671-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-671-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-671-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">They then both</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to having been previously convicted, Burkett in September</hi>, 1887,
<hi rend="italic">and Ward in May</hi>, 1886.
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against Burkett, and other convictions were proved against Ward.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURKETT</hi>
<rs id="t18930724-671-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-671-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-671-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-671-18930724 t18930724-671-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARD</hi>
<rs id="t18930724-671-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-671-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-671-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-671-18930724 t18930724-671-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-672">
<interp inst="t18930724-672" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-672" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-672-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-672-18930724 t18930724-672-offence-1 t18930724-672-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-672-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-672-18930724 t18930724-672-offence-1 t18930724-672-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-672-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-672-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18930724" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18930724" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18930724" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER WALKER</hi> (49)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-672-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-672-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-672-18930724" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def2-672-18930724" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-672-18930724" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE EDWARD MURRAY</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-672-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-672-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-672-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Conspiring with
<persName id="t18930724-name-144">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-144" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-144" type="surname" value="NOAH"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-144" type="given" value="R P"/>R. P. Noah</persName> to threaten to print and publish certain matters and things touching the
<persName id="t18930724-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-145" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-672-offence-1 t18930724-name-145"/>District Messenger Company</persName> and
<persName id="t18930724-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-146" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-146" type="given" value="CHARLES TWEED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-672-offence-1 t18930724-name-146"/>Charles Tweed Russell</persName>, with intent to extort money from him;
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, for offering to prevent the publishing of certain matters and things concerning the District Messenger Company, with intent to extort money from Russell, and unlawfully publishing a false and defamatory libel of and concerning Charles Tweed Russell.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. C. F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> A.
<hi rend="smallCaps">GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COCK</hi>, Q. C.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Walker; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PALMER LILLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Murray.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-147" type="surname" value="LITTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-147" type="given" value="JOHN BREYED"/>JOHN BREYED LITTLE</persName> </hi>. I am manager to the firm of H. Little and Sons, printers, of 771/2, Bishopsgate Street Within—we printed a paper called the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> for Walker—it was started about 10th April, 1893, and we continued to print it down to 12th June—we printed 50,000 copies of the first number, and 2,500 of the last number, on 12th June; the numbers of the other issues varied—we delivered the copies at the office of the paper. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">put in the certificate of registration.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-148" type="surname" value="POOLE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-148" type="given" value="GEORGE REED"/>GEORGE REED POOLE</persName> </hi>. I live at 13, Selborne Road, Wood Green—I am book-keeper in the employment of the District Messenger Service and News Company (Limited)—I have known Walker for four or five years—I also know Murray, who was formerly in the employment of the District Messenger Company as a cashier—he was discharged from the service—about the end of April I met Walker on my way home from Broad Street Station, and when we got to Wood Green I went with him to the Alexandra Palace Hotel—he asked me what I was doing, and I told him I was employed at the District Messenger Service Company in the City—he said, "Oh, that company! Is it going to be amalgamated with the Boy Messenger Company?"—I said, "Yes," the amalgamation was about to take place—he asked me if I was satisfied; if they paid me well—I said, "No"—he said, "Do they pay you well?"—I said, "No"—he said, "Could not you give me some information to put into the paper?"—I then asked him what paper it was—he said, "I am the editor of the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi>"—I told him I had not heard of it—he said he thought that if I could put some particulars in his paper, ask some questions of a test</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240023"/>
<p>nature, that in all probability the management of the District Messenger Company would be glad to shut us up for money—I said I was only on one side of the business, that I was not in a position to give him the evidence that would be of any service to him, "But I can get you the evidence you require"—he said I might put some test questions in the paper—I said I could not give him the information personally, "But I can get you the information from Mr. Murray"—directly I mentioned Murray's name he said, "I know Murray; I think I know Murray"—I told him on that occasion that Murray had been connected with the District Messenger Company as cashier since its formation, or nearly so, but that he had been dismissed—I did not say what he was doing at that time, whether he was then in employment—it was arranged that I should write to Murray, and that we should go to the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> office together to see Walker—I wrote to Murray, and we met and went together to the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> office in New Broad Street; it was on the 6th of May I believe—I saw Walker there, and the three of us were together in a private room—I said, "This is Mr. Murray"—Walker did not appear to know him, although he said he had known him on the previous occasion—we sat down and got into conversation about the District Messenger Company, its origin and capital, and all the rest of it, and during the conversation there were several suggestions made for matters to appear in the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi>—Walker said, "I am prepared to print some articles about the District Messenger Company, if either of you could give the information"—I had previously told Mr. Walker, at Wood Green, that there had been an extraordinary meeting of the directors to arrange about the Paris capital, and that £75,000 additional capital was required for amalgamating with the Boy Messenger Company; I afterwards learnt that to be incorrect—I said the Paris company was ripe for floating—that subject was referred to at this interview, which was very short—Walker asked me what the takings of the company were, and I said they had grown considerably and were now between £60 and £70 a-day—when Walker said he was prepared to print articles about the company if we could give information, I had no information to give; Murray said he would give information—they were in conversation, and I don't know what he said—Walker asked questions and Murray answered them; I don't know what the questions or answers were—Walker took notes on some paper on the pad on his desk—Walker asked me what the company's takings were at present, as I was in the company—I said between £60 and £70 per day, and I also added that the expenses were very heavy—I had told Murray I wanted him to go and see Walker at the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> office, and give him as much information as he could about the District Messenger Company, with a view to print articles about the company—the purpose was arranged at the office afterwards—I believe I asked the question at the office, "What are we to get out of this?"—Walker said, "You must wait and see what we can get out of Russell, or the company," and that after a few of the articles had appeared Mr. Russell would be very glad to pay to stop them—I think the arrangement as to what was to be done with the money in the event of Russell paying was at the next interview—we had no other interview before the publication of the paper on May 10th—I think we saw him on the next Saturday—the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> was published on Wednesday—this is a copy of May 10th. (
<hi rend="italic">A paragraph headed, "The District</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240024"/>
<hi rend="italic">Messenger and News Company," was read. It referred to the proposed amalgamation with the Boy Messenger Company, asked whether, before the proposed</hi> £75,000
<hi rend="italic">additional capital was subscribed, it would not be well for shareholders to find out where the previously subscribed capital had gone, why the business was carried on at a loss, and oilier questions concerning the company, and stated that they should have something to say about these points and about the Paris Company shortly</hi>)—after that issue I saw Murray and Walker together at the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> office; on the following Saturday, I think, I could not say positively, it was the 13th—general conversation took place on matters relating to the District Messenger Company, and it was arranged, after various suggestions had been made by one and another, that a letter should be written—I took notes of what was said, and took the notes home and wrote a letter, and sent it by post, and I afterwards saw that letter signed "Veritas" in print in the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> of 31st May—I saw a copy of the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> every week—before that letter appeared I saw this paragraph in the issue of 24th May. (
<hi rend="italic">This paragraph stated that the paper would shortly show why the money increasing the capital of the District Messenger Company was required, and criticise the last balance-sheet; and that the Russell group of companies would also occupy their space. The letter signed "Veritas" was then read. It stated that in view of the fact that no dividend had ever been declared by either the District Messenger or the Boy Messenger Company, and the great doubt that existed as to whether the additional capital in consequence of the amalgamation would be subscribed, it was incumbent upon the shareholders of the District Messenger Company to insist upon a thorough investigation of affairs to find out where the bulk of the original capital went, and by what hands the company was run. The letter concluded:</hi>—"Why has the managing director delegated his authority and position as general manager to a subordinate, who is both ignorant and incompetent? Is this worthy director aware that while he is occupying his time with flying visits to Paris and Brussels in the fond hope that his pockets will be filled by Continental dupes, a question must arise, apart from any patent rights, that he will be held responsible for the maladministration of this company? There are other companies in which this man is interested, which equally require invest at ion, but the shareholders of the District Messenger Company should shake off their apathy and insist upon an immediate inquiry with a view of ascertaining the whole truth. Your obedient servant,
<hi rend="smallCaps">VERITAS</hi>.")—on the Saturday before, the 31st, I asked again what remuneration we were to have for the letters; I spoke for myself and Murray—Walker said, "I have got nothing yet, but you and Murray will have half between you, and the other half will go to myself and partner—Murray was with me then—Walker said he hoped to get £100 from Russell—a few days afterwards, Walker said, "I have sent a man to Mr. Russell, but he seems very difficult to deal with," or something to that effect; that he had got nothing out of him—on 24th June, Murray and I visited the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> office for the last time, and during the conversation we had with Walker it was arranged that I should write a letter, and that Murray should write another letter, and for that purpose we were each handed a stamped envelope directed to the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> office, New Broad Street House—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240025"/>
<p>letters were to be as from members of the public, one slating the company and the other asking a lot of questions—this is the envelope I received; I saw Walker direct it, and put a stamp on it—I saw this issue of the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> of 14th June, 1893; I used to go to the office and get the papers as they appeared. (
<hi rend="italic">A paragraph concerning the District Messenger Company in the</hi> Beacon
<hi rend="italic">for June</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th, was read. It gave estimates of probable receipts and expenses of the company, and stated that the figures were conclusivs that the company could not pay its way, and every day got deeper into trouble; that if these facts had been placed before them the shareholders would never have consented to the issue of</hi> £75,000
<hi rend="italic">preference stock; that the</hi> Beacon
<hi rend="italic">could not see how anyone would be My enough to take any of it up; that the balance-sheet for</hi> 1892
<hi rend="italic">had not yet appeared, and the statement for</hi> 1891
<hi rend="italic">showed debts owing to the amount of nearly</hi> £10,000;
<hi rend="italic">that there was plenty of opportunity for the extension of the business, which was a profitable one, but that there would have to be a change in its affairs before it could be made to pay; and that the</hi> Beacon
<hi rend="italic">intended to enter into further details, more especially with reference to the incep
<lb/>tion of the company, the manner in which the shares were distributed, etc.</hi>)—I received this letter from Murray, in his writing, after sending in the "Veritas" letter. (
<hi rend="italic">This, dated June</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd, stated tint the</hi> "
<hi rend="italic">Veritas</hi>"
<hi rend="italic">letter was a regular stinger, and rigid up to the point; that he would meet him in Newgate Street on Saturday or Monday; and that he wanted to see and talk over matters with him, as he thought the time was now fast approaching when a collapse must take place</hi>)—when this matter was going on I received both these letters from Walker—they are in his writing—they are undated—I have noted on the second one, "June 26th, 1893." (
<hi rend="italic">These letters were read. The first stated that six o'clock was too late, but named Saturday before eleven, or at one, two, or three. The second was:</hi> "Heard from neither of you this morning. I have been to Somerset House. You both give me a lot of trouble. Shall be here up to 5. 30, very possibly at Manor House at nine to 9. 30")—Walker said he had investigated the register at Somerset House as far as he could, and had brought some particulars away, which he should put into print—he said he had sent the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> to the directors and secretary, and as many shareholders as he had the addresses of—"You both give me a lot of trouble" I take to refer to his not receiving the two letters we had promised him on the previous Saturday for publication on the Wednesday—on 24th June, after leaving Walker's office, Murray and I agreed not to have anything more to do with the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> office, and we did not, because we were not paid—Noah's name was mentioned once; it was when I kept the appointment, in reply to Walker's letter, at the Manor House, a public-house in Wood Green, on 26th June, from nine to 9. 30—I saw Walker in the bar there after I had been there some half-hour, and he said, "By-the-bye, do you know Noah?" or "Major Noah?"—I said, "O, I do not"—I asked two or three times about the money—he said he had got nothing—on this occasion I did not ask who Noah was, and he did not tell me; we had no further conversation on the subject—on 27th June Mr. Russell made a statement to me, and I found he knew what had been going on, and then I made a statement to him in reply to his charge against me—Mr. Russell took me round directly to Mr. Wontner's office, and I repeated what I had said—I was at the Mansion</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240026"/>
<p>House on Saturday, July 1st, when warrants were granted against Walker and Noah—that evening, about six o'clock, I got home to Wood Green—my wife made me a communication, in consequence of which I went to see the secretary of the company, and afterwards to the Police-station—I subsequently got home between eleven and half-past eleven—I then saw Walker sitting on the iron rail which divided the forecourts—he said, "At last, eh! I should have waited here all night; what have you been saying about me?"—I asked him what he meant, what he was alluding to—he said, "Oh! you know all about it; you know there is a warrant out against me"—I said I was not supposed to know that—he said, "Has Out ram got it?"—I said I believed he had—he said, "Do you think it is likely he will execute it to-morrow?" (that was Sunday)—he asked me that twice, and I replied each time that I had no idea what the warrant officer would do—he asked if Messrs. Wontner were the solicitors—I said, "Yes, they are"—he said, "Is the charge one of libel?"—I said, "No, it is not"—he said, "Oh, frightful, I shall get five years for this"—I did not tell what it was; he knew the alternative, I presume—he then left, and I went indoors—I next saw him at the Mansion House in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COCK</hi>. I am fifty-six—during part of that time I have been in business in the City—I was employed by this company at £2 10s. a week, and that is the whole of my income—I have ten children—the District Messenger Company has been before the public about three years, I believe; it was said that £200,000 capital was subscribed, but I don't know how much—there was a proposal to amalgamate it with another company, and it was about that that Walker first spoke to me—he desired, as far as I could see, to have some information about the nature of the company—I should have given him correct information if I had been able to do so—the £75,000 was an erroneous statement altogether by me, I made a mistake; I thought £75,000 was required for the purpose of buying up the Boy Messenger Company, but it was a mistake—that was what I communicated to Walker—there was the question at the same time of promoting a company in Paris; it was to be part in Paris and part in London—Walker told me that the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> was a financial paper, and I understood that it was—I was prepared to give him such information as was in my power for a consideration—Murray had been in the employment of the company from the very beginning, a long time before I was there, and had been for a long time their cashier, and no doubt he knew a great deal more about the company than I did—I knew that Murray was not very friendly towards the company—I knew that he would be a likely kind of person both to possess knowledge and to give it to Walker—Walker said he thought he knew him; but afterwards when he came there, so far as I could see, he did not know him—I introduced him—I would not be certain whether anything was said about remuneration at the first meeting; I could not say whether it was the first or second occasion—I don't remember what I said before—I believe something was said about remuneration on the first occasion, I won't swear it; I cannot remember everything—I had given information to Walter before about a certain company as to which I had means of information—I was in the service of that company—on that occasion I got 10s. and a drink for a letter written about the previous company—I swore</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240027"/>
<p>on the last occasion (and it would be my present impression), "No Arrangement as to pay was made with Walker; I based my calculations as to the reward on previous experience. I expected about 10s. an article and drinks"—that does not say anything about the arrangement that was made—I should have been satisfied with that which I was paid when I contributed to the
<hi rend="italic">Observer</hi>—Mr. Russell had got all the information for this prosecution before I said a word—I was aware before I made my statement to Russell that he had discovered my communication with Walker—at that time my only means of livelihood was the £2 10s. I was receiving from the company—I am with the company still—I and Murray went to the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> office, so far as I know, to give the editor of that paper accurate information to the best of our power, and, so far as I know, we both did that—it was a very small room in which the conversation between Walker, Murray, and me took place—we sat at a small table in the room, and I heard every word—I could not say whether the business was being carried on at a loss—I should say that for some time it had been—I told Walker that the expenses were very large—I believe that ever since the formation of the company the expenses have been much greater than the revenue—I don't know if the shareholders had received any dividend or not; that was not my suggestion—I believe Walker was informed that they had not—the terms Arranged with the Boy Messenger Company, and the commission to be paid by the American people who supplied the call-boxes was the subject of conversation at this time—I believe Walker was informed that it was the custom for officials to pass tickets for amounts advanced to them out of the till until they accumulated to several hundred pounds, but not by me; probably Murray informed him of that—no doubt Walker had all that information given to him, and he was not able to say whether it was true or not—I think the balance-sheet had not been published by 24th May—I don't think any balance-sheet had been published; I had not seen it—the District and Boy Messenger Companies were amalgamated on 6th May and Mr. Bush is chairman now of the amalgamated companies—I believed that the statements I wrote in the letter of 31st May were true; the letter was not entirely my composition—I never mentioned to anybody, before I knew that Mr. Russell had found out my communications with this paper, the story about dividing what was to be got—I mentioned it first after Mr. Russell pulled the letters out of the safe showing I had had communications—I never saw Noah in my life to my knowledge, and I never heard his name till Walker asked me at the Manor House if I knew him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Crow-examined</hi> by
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. Mr. Henry Osborne was the first chairman of the company, I believe; he was not chairman when I went into the employment—Sir John Heron Maxwell was chairman when I went there; he resigned—I don't know who was chairman of the District Messenger Company in May last—I have nothing to do with that side of the business—Murray took very great interest in the company and worked very hard for it, and I think he thought it had a future before it—it was said he was discharged because he was incompetent and could not keep the accounts—he was angry with the officials, and Russell, and Lord, the secretary—he has great heart-burning, I believe—I know he thought the company could not go on in the way it was managed—he had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240028"/>
<p>told me so; we have had many conversations—Murray introduced me to the company, and we have been friends for a number of years—he was very anxious about the company when I went there two and a half years ago; but he was not allowed to have his own way, and he was dissatisfied with the way the company was conducted—a few days before 6th May, I wrote to Murray to meet me—I think it was in May—immediately after Walker asked me to take Murray to him I wrote to Murray, and then we had the first meeting with Walker early in May, the first week, I think—I did not know that before that Murray was writing to the shareholders of the company, or that he had consulted solicitors about it—I had not seen him for some time before that—when I asked what we were to get out of it, I meant myself and Murray—I am certain that Murray assented to the proposition that he was to get some money—it was thoroughly understood in the first interview that he and I were to get something from Walker—"On taking Murray to the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> office, it was to get further information of a reliable character, to the best of our ability," is not correctly rendered—I don't think the question of money occurred at the first interview; the amount was not mentioned then—I expected we should both be paid; Murray was willing to be paid—we had made no arrangement—no doubt Murray was anxious to give information to the paper, so that the present system of things might be shown up, as he was dissatisfied with the management and complained of his treatment, but he was to be paid for his work—when I swore, "It was not mentioned the first time that Murray was to participate in our arrangement for payment," that was as to the mode of payment—until this matter, I don't think I had spoken twenty words to Russell in two years; he is a stranger to me—I have no reason to be hostile or antagonistic to him—I had no feeling in the matter—Walker was the first person who tempted me to violate my duty to the company—I know Glbson well; he was an advertising agent, who sold his business to Mr. Russell, and I don't know what he is now—he was plaintiff' in a matter in which Mr. Russell, who was my employer, was defendant—I wrote to Glbson the two letters which Russell afterwards showed me—they were not written for revenge, but to assist Glbson—Glbson had promised me a lot of particulars as to the advertising company with which Russell was connected, and he did not send them, and I wrote and asked him to hurry up; that was all in the first letter—Glbson brought the letters to Russell and sold them to him—I don't think they were harmless letters—the second was a little stronger than the first—when Russell got those letters he put a watch on me and Murray, and had us tracked all over London, and we were seen to go to the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> office—I did not say at the Police-court, "I did suggest to Glbson that he should use the columns of a paper for sweet revenge"—my letter to Glbson said, "Now is your time for sweet revenge"—I did not mention the columns of a paper—I told Russell I was very sorry for what I had done—I gave information about Russell which resulted in my being tracked, and then it was found out incidentally that I was going to the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> office—Mr. Lord, the secretary of the company, was present at the interview of 27th in Russell's room—Russell asked whether I had any fault to find with him, or any grievance against him—I said I had not, and I said "You are a stranger to me, Mr. Russell"—he asked me if I had any fault to find with my wages; I said, "No"—he said, "If you</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240029"/>
<p>are not satisfied, why did you not come to me and make a complaint rather than write letters denouncing me and the company?"—I evaded it as long as I could—I asked him what he meant, what proof he had of it—I said, "I don't know what you mean, sir"—I knew what he was trying to get at—he said, "I will very soon bring evidence before you," and then Mr. Lord took the two letters which I had written to Glbson out of the safe, and then I owned up, there was no help for it—having got into a corner I did not think I should like company.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I believe Murray had some shares in the company at one time, but I don't know—I never had the registers in my hand—he left the company's employment on 13th August, 1892—early in May, 1893, I took him to Walker—the first time I saw Walker he asked me about my wages, and whether I was satisfied, but he did not say anything then about money—he said, "I suppose you are very poor and could do with a bit?"—the "Veritas" letter was a joint composition; there were suggestions by one and another.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-149" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-149" type="given" value="CHARLES TWEED"/>CHARLES TWEED RUSSELL</persName> </hi>. I am general manager and director of the District Messenger Service and News Company, limited—the head office is at 50, Lime Street, and we have branch establishments in different parts of the metropolis—the company has only come into existence within the last two and a-half years—in December last there was a proposal for amalgamating the company with the Boy Messenger Company—in April this year we were taking steps with regard to a Paris company, which has since been brought out—it was an English company for working in Paris—four or five directors were directors of both companies—up to April, or the beginning of May this year, I had never heard of Walker or the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi>—on either the 6th or 7th May, when I was coming out of the smoking room of the Victoria Hotel, Noah, whom I never saw before, was introduced to me—I had no conversation with him—the next I heard of him was when I received this letter of 10th May from him, enclosing a cutting from the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> of that date. (
<hi rend="italic">This was written on paper with the printed heading, of the Hotel Victoria, addressed from</hi> 7,
<hi rend="italic">King Street, Cheapside, and stating that enclosed was a cutting from the</hi> "Beacon,"
<hi rend="italic">the editor of which was Walker, who had read to him</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Noah</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">a long article which lead been prepared for that week's issue, but had not been inserted, cud was talked about for the future, and that perhaps it would be well to send somebody to see what Walker was driving at; that he</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Noah</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">had told Walker he was interested in the company's and Russell's success, and that he had called on Friday at Lime Street to see Russell, but as Russell was absent he had mentioned it to Captain Stead</hi>)—I answered that letter to 7, King Street—on 11th May Noah came to see me at 50, Lime Street, the office of the company—I said to him, "Where is Mr. Walker?"—he said, "I represent Mr. Walker; Mr. Walker is very busy, and he cannot come on here"—he said he had called last week to tell me about the article that had been prepared for the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi>, but he had persuaded Walker to hold it over till he 'could see me—he said, "Walker has a mass of matter about the District Company and yourself that you would not like to see in print. You know he is a man that is notorious in the City, and he would stop at nothing"—to lead him on I said, "What does Walker want?"—he said, "Mr. Russell, give me a cheque for £100, payable to Walker, and I will</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240030"/>
<p>see that all the matter is stopped, that there shall be no more publications"—I jumped up and said, "Major Noah, if you have come here for blackmail, either on the part of the company or myself, you are in the wrong shop; not a farthing will I give you, and you would not get a farthing either out of the company or myself"—I told him the books would be open for him or Walker or anybody to examine; that the statements made were absolutely without a shadow of truth—when he said that Walker would stop at nothing he said that Walker was the man who wrote the articles in the
<hi rend="italic">Financial Observer</hi> referring to Marks and Beall—he passed some other remarks, and I turned to leave him, and he said, "Here, Mr. Russell, give me £25, and I will go and square this thing now"—I said, "Not a farthing; if you are an honest man you will take pains to get the exact facts, and withdraw the statement you have already made"—this was the day after the first publication in the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi>—I then left him and have not seen him since—when I arrived back at my hotel, the Victoria, that night I found this letter:—"Dear Mr. Russell,—It will take a lot of my time, which is very valuable to me, to attend to the matter you spoke to me about, but I will gladly devote it to your interests if you send me a
<hi rend="italic">fiver</hi> for my services.—Awaiting reply, faithfully yours, R. P.
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOAH."</hi>—I never saw him afterwards—from time to time I saw the attacks made on the company in the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi>—in consequence of information, I had Poole watched to a certain extent—on 27th June, I sent for Poole; he was brought to my room, and from there I took him to Mr. Wontner's office—Murray had been in the employment of the company, and had been discharged in August last year, when I was away for four or five months—he was not a shareholder, and had no interest in the company—on a Saturday I attended at the Mansion House, and warrants were obtained for the arrest of Walker and Noah—afterwards a warrant was obtained for Murray—I think two days after Noah came to me, on 11th May, I communicated with Mr. Wontner, and after that I acted on his advice.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COCK</hi>. The District Messenger Company had a capital of about £200,000—the capital of the company proposed to be amalgamated with it was about £60,000—the nominal capital of the Paris company was £200,000—a company was also being formed in Brussels, and the capital of that was £200,000—I don't think the shares of those companies were on the market—I won't say they are privately held—they are not dealt in on the Stock Exchange—they are very strongly held—I never saw Noah in my life before this transaction—I have made inquiries about him since, and the accounts about him are not satisfactory—I don't think it would be too strong to describe him as an unmitigated blackguard.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. Murray, after he was dismissed, brought an action for the balance of his wages—the first chairman of the District Messenger Company was Mr. Henry Osborne; he resigned—Sir John Heron Maxwell succeeded him; he resigned in September last, I think—I was away for five or six months—for the last five or six months Mr. George Bush has been chairman, ever since the resignation of Sir John Heron Maxwell.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There is not the slightest ground for the attack made</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240031"/>
<p>on the company; it is in the most flourishing condition—Murray has not got any money in it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-150" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-150" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LANE</persName> </hi>. I am a journalist, living at 17, Adelaide Road—I have teen to the
<hi rend="italic">Financial Observer</hi> office and spoken to Walker there—I only saw him twice in my life—on the first occasion I saw him with Major Noah—they were downstairs; I was going upstairs—Major Noah introduced me to Walker—that was the first week in December, 1890, as near as I can recollect.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-151" type="surname" value="HERRICH"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-151" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HERRICH</persName> </hi>. I live at Lamb Buildings, Temple, and am a gentleman of private means—on 6th May I was in the smoking-room of the Victoria Hotel, and Noah was there—I know Russell quite well—Noah called my attention to the fact that Mr. Russell was on the other side of the same room, engaged in conversation with a gentleman, and said, "I should like very much to meet him to-day"—later on he drew my attention again to Mr. Russell, and as Mr. Russell went out I followed him, and Noah followed me—Russell was in conversation with some friends—later I saw him going towards the door—Noah said to me, "I should like to meet your friend Mr. Russell to-day, as I can do him a good turn, I think"—I followed Russell out, and Noah soon joined us and was introduced to Russell—Russell was in a hurry and went away—next day, 11th May, I saw Noah again at the hotel; he had just come in—Russell lived at the hotel at that time—Noah said he would call at Russell's office—he said Mr. Russell was out, but he met Captain Stead there; he said he had written him a letter—afterwards, on another day, Noah said, "I have just been up to see your friend Mr. Russell and had a talk with him, but he does not seem disposed to do anything about the matter that I told you about"—he spoke about an article being set up in type to be published in a financial paper in the City—I said, "What is it's name?"—he replied "The
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi>"—I said I had never heard of the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon;</hi> I did not think it had much of a circulation in the West-end—he said it had a small circulation, but then sometimes larger papers copied from the smaller ones, and people were inclined to believe what they saw in print—he afterwards said he thought there ought to be something done, because it cost money to set up type, and if he suppressed the article the paper ought to be compensated—I said, "Mr. Russell is a very independent man, and a bad one to tackle"—he made no remark on that—next day he said, "I have just sent up a note to your friend Russell asking him for a
<hi rend="italic">fiver</hi>"—I have seen Noah's writing—these are in his writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COCK</hi>. I am in no business relations with Russell—I have no occupation, but live on my means entirely—I have lodgings in Bedford Square—I have been with friends in Lamb Buildings, Temple, for ten years—my name is not up there—it is a rendezvous there—I have no profession—I met Noah in London many years ago—on this occasion, when I introduced him to Russell, I met him in the smoking-room at the Victoria Hotel, and next day I met him there—I was calling on friends there, and found him calling on friends; our meeting was accidental—I had known him about ten years—I thought there was no harm in introducing him to Russell—I thought he would be satisfied with anything he could get.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-152" type="surname" value="STEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-152" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS STEAD</persName> </hi>. I am a retired shipmaster—I live at the Langham Hotel at present—on the 10th or 11th May I went to the Lime Street</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240032"/>
<p>office of the company to see Mr. Russell—I went into the inner office—I saw Noah there, who told me what he was waiting for—some of the boy clerks were there—Noah was sitting outside on a bench when I came in; I passed him the time of day—I knew him before; not intimately—then I went into the other office, and Noah came in five or ten minutes afterwards and said something to me—after the conversation he left me there And went away—he was speaking to me for a few minutes—I was only there for the purpose of seeing Mr. Russell; I called to see him—I own shares in the company, and Russell and I are old friends—I and many of my friends are interested in the company. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COCK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected to the statements by Noah to the witness being given, there being no evidence of a conspiracy between Noah and the prisoners; and no evidence that the statements were overt acts in pursuance of a conspiracy. After hearing</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that he would admit the statement if it was pressed, although he had some doubt about it.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that he did not press the evidence</hi>)—I think I saw Noah a couple of days afterwards—I won't be positive whether it was the next day or two or three days afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-153" type="surname" value="BRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-153" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor at 77, King William Street, and a director of the District Messenger Company—a copy of the
<hi rend="italic">Beacon</hi> of 14th June was sent to me quite unsolicited—I had never heard of the paper before—I gave it to the company's secretary.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COCK</hi>. As a director, if there was anything to be inquired into it would be my duty to inquire into it, I presume.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-154" type="surname" value="OUTRAM"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-154" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT OUTRAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Inspector</hi>). On 1st July I received warrants for the arrest of Walker and Noah—I have never been able to execute that against Noah—I and others have made every effort to find him; he cannot be found—I looked for but could not find Walker between the 1st and 10th July—I searched for him at his office and private house—on 10th July he came to the Police-station, at the Old Jewry, by arrangement—I read the warrant to him—he said, "It is not true—on 5th July I received the warrant for Murray's arrest—I arrested him the same day, and read the warrant to him—he said, "I am not guilty"—among the papers found on Murray are copies of four letters addressed apparently to shareholders in the company, dated from 20th to 26th April.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COCK</hi>. I received a communication from Walker's solicitor saying he had seen this thing in the paper, and would surrender—I was informed he was away from London, and had only seen an account of these things from the paper—he came and surrendered himself.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. I arrested Murray at a place in London, where he was employed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The proceeedings in the papers were that there was a warrant out against Walker; that was after Murray's arrest.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-155" type="surname" value="POOLE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-155" type="given" value="ELIZABETH JANE"/>ELIZABETH JANE POOLE</persName> </hi>—I live at Wood Green—on Saturday, 1st July, about five o'clock, Walker came to our house and asked if my father was at home—I answered, "No—he then asked me what time he came home—I said, "Between seven and eight in the evening"—he said he would call again, and he came about six o'clock and asked if my father had been home—I said, "No"—he said, "Which station does he come by?"—I said, "Palace Gates"—he said he would go there and meet him—he came again a third time about eight o'clock—I met him at the gate with my young</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240033"/>
<p>brother—he asked me if I had given my father the message—I said, "No"—he asked me if I knew where he had gone—I said I was not quite sure; my father had been home and had gone out again—Walker said he must see him; it was very important business, and he must see him if he stayed there till five in the morning—that night, after eleven o'clock, I saw my father talking to Walker at the gate in front of the house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' statements before the Magistrate:—Murray says:</hi> "I am perfectly innocent of the whole transactions."
<hi rend="italic">Walker says:</hi> "I knew absolutely nothing of Noah's application.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MURRAY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-672-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-672-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-672-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALKER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-672-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-672-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-672-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18930724-672-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-672-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-672-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-672-18930724 t18930724-672-punishment-23"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-673">
<interp inst="t18930724-673" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-673" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-673-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-673-18930724 t18930724-673-offence-1 t18930724-673-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-673-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-673-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-673-18930724" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-673-18930724" type="surname" value="ECKLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-673-18930724" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK ECKLE</hi> (62)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-673-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-673-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-673-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, Receiving a £1,000 Bank of England note, well knowing the same to have been stolen.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>, Q. C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. F. GILL</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-157" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-157" type="surname" value="MACKENZIE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-157" type="given" value="ULRIC KNUT"/>ULRIC KNUT MACKENZIE</persName> </hi>. About eighteen months ago I went to the Cape, farming—my grandfather is one of the directors of the Bank of Scotland—on 1st February, 1891, I entered the London office of that bank as clerk—I was under Mr. Jolly, another clerk, to be initiated—on 6th February, 1891, I went out with him; he had two satchels—we collected £2,000 odd from the London and County Bank, among it being two £1,000 notes numbered 69515 and 69516, dated 14th March, 1889—Jolly put them into one of the satchels—we went to other banks and collected more money—then Jolly, while he went to another bank, gave me a satchel and some notes and cheques for me to go to the National Provincial Bank and present the cheques—I put the satchel containing the notes on the counter before me—while the cashier at the counter was examining the cheques someone touched me on the shoulder and wanted to know where the Union Bank was—that distracted my attention, and when the cashier gave me the notes I found that the satchel was gone—I went back and communicated to the head office. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that he did not contest the fact that the notes were stolen, the prosecution not alleging that the prisoner had stolen them</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-158" type="surname" value="ISRAEL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-158" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED ISRAEL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">interpreted</hi>). I am cashier to Messrs. Allard, Place de la Bourse, Paris—on Monday, 13th February, the prisoner and another man came to their office, and the prisoner gave me a £5 and a £1,000 Bank of England note, and asked for French money in exchange—I looked at the numbers of the notes, and referred to a list of English banknotes supposed to have been stolen—I found the £1,000 note which the prisoner had given me, No. 69515, of 14th March, in that list—I went to communicate with my master, and when I came back the other man had disappeared—the prisoner was detained, and the police were sent for—an English bank-note is in Paris three centimes in the pound more valuable than here—inquiry afterwards took place, and the prisoner was sent to England—certificates of French Rentes were found on him—I cannot say how many or to what value.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The rate of exchange varies from ten to forty centimes per pound—that would be from 1d. to 4d. on exchanging £1—I was behind a small counter—after seeing my master I went to see the Commissary of Police—I came back with the Commissary in about a quarter</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240034"/>
<p>of an hour from the time I went to speak to my master—I believe the rate of exchange on that day was 25 francs 7 centimes for a sovereign—we gave more for a note than for gold on that day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-159" type="surname" value="LAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-159" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK LAWLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Inspector</hi>). On 3rd March I was in Paris on other business—information was given me, and I went to see the prisoner, who was detained at the police depot—I told him I was a police officer, and was about to return to London, and I said, "Do you wish to give me any explanation of how you came into possession of this £1,000 note?"—he said, "All the explanation I can give is, I got it from a man in the Royal Exchange"—I said, "What is his name?"—he said, "I do not know"—I said, "Where does he live?"—he said, "I cannot tell you. I should know the man again. I am most anxious to get back to London, because I think I can find him"—after giving my evidence on 25th May he remained in custody till the following Monday, 29th May, and then he was allowed out on the recognizance of his landlady, Mrs. Boswell, and he has been at liberty since then—he has never brought a man named Jackson to me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not found Jackson, nor the people who stole the notes—a large number of the smaller notes and some of the £200 notes have come back to the Bank of England, I believe; I don't know myself—I think one other £1,000 note has not yet been returned—I knew before I went to Paris that the prisoner was in custody there—Honey was with me when I saw the prisoner—I knew he had been examined by the Judge d'Instruction—no evidence, to my knowledge, was given in Paris of the larceny; he was brought to Boulogne—I made no note of my conversation with him—I saw him once to speak to; I may have seen him twice—I believe I have given all he said—I know he signed a consent to come over here, and he has been out on the nominal ball of £50 of his landlady.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When he was out on bail the witness (Mr. Mackenzie) had not come from the Cape.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-160" type="surname" value="OUTRAM"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-160" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT OUTRAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Inspector</hi>). I had to make inquiries into the loss of these bank-notes—in February this year I heard of the prisoner's arrest in Paris—the warrant was issued in London on the 25th March—on 10th May I went to Boulogne in pursuance of an arrangement—the French police gave over the prisoner to me there, with this £1,000 bank-note, and a bag containing the prisoner's diary in French—this French document, the prisoner's consent to his extradition, was also given to me—I took him to an hotel and read the warrant to him; it was for receiving this £1,000 note on 10th February, knowing it to be stolen—he said, "If I knew the note had been stolen I should not have bought it. I paid 25,000 francs for it"—on the way to London he asked me to read the warrant, but he was very reserved, and said nothing—I brought him to London, and he was charged at the City Police-court, and on 29th May he was allowed out on bail.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have made inquiries about the prisoner—he bears an excellent character—I have referred on his behalf to several solicitors whom he has approached respecting the promotion of a company—I have been informed that for some years he lived at Leixlip, near Dublin—I have seen him about the City for some time past—he was in communica
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240035"/>
<p>and touch with persons in a good position with a view to promote a yeast and distillery company, but it fell through.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-161" type="surname" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-161" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ALBERT</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">The witness translated the answer made by the prisoner when charged by the French authorities as follows:</hi>—"I am innocent. I am neither thief nor accomplice. I bought the note at the Royal Exchange, London, from a Mr. Jackson, who told me he lived at No. 15, Sloane Street, London, W. I have known that individual only by sight. I wish to see my advocate before answering whether I consent to be delivered over to the English Government"—afterwards I see he consents to be delivered over to the English authorities—I have looked over and corrected the translation which has been made of the prisoner's diary—it is correct. (
<hi rend="italic">The following extracts from the translation were read:</hi>—"12th February. Arrived from London at the Northern Railway Station, Paris, about 11. 30 p. m. Changed English money at the railway refreshment room, and received two bad foreign coins." "13th February. Went to Allard's, money changers, Place de la Bourse, Paris, to change English bank-notes about one o'clock in the afternoon, and after having waited about three-quarters of an hour the Commissary of Police came to arrest me," etc. "21st February. At Mazas. Called before Mons. Lucien Rodat, Judge d'Instruction; left at nine p. m., returned at six p. m. The clerk of Allard's, the changer, Mr. Isaac, and the maitre d'hotel were also called," etc. "April 11th. Mazas. Called to be examined at 8. 30 a. m. Saw the substitute of Procureur at five p. m., who made out a report for my extradition on the charge of haying received a bank-note knowing it to be the proceeds of a robbery, to which perfidious accusation I have stated that I bought this note at the Bourse de Commerce at London (called Royal Exchange), and paid 25,000 francs for it to a gentleman who I knew by sight, and who told me his name was B. Jackson, 15, Sloane Street, W. Must go back to the Court on Friday to produce my defence." "May 2. Depot. Called to the Greffe in order to hand over to me, after two hours' search and waiting, my bag and three notes of £5 each. Signed my statement that if Jackson did not demand the three titres de rente (certificate of French Rentes) 41/2 percent. (110), that I would not oppose the giving up of the said Rentes to the owner." "May 6th. Depot. Called this morning to the Surete before Mons. Oullier; told him I bought the bank-note at the Royal Exchange 10th or 11th February, and paid 25,000 francs for it to B. Jackson, 15, Sloane Street, W. The same man who had handed over to me the titles for Rentes, to ask the Minister of Finance at Paris for the sheets of coupons, but I did not undertake to do this unless I had time during my stay in Paris."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have looked through the diary—he seems to have kept an account of the different incidents that occurred during his stay in Paris down to his journey to Boulogne, and being in the train; most of it is about his imprisonment, and the details of his treatment—he gives his name, age, his father's and mother's name, where he was born, his residence in London, and so on—he gives particulars of their stripping and measuring him in France.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-162" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-162" type="surname" value="REUBENS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-162" type="given" value="CELESTINE"/>CELESTINE REUBENS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of August Reubens, and I have lived with him at 15, Sloane Street, W., since 1889—it is a corset factory—since 1889 no one of the name of Jackson has been there—no lodgers are taken in at all—there is no other 15, Sloane Street but our house.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240036"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-163" type="surname" value="HAWKES"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-163" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS"/>AUGUSTUS HAWKES</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor practising and residing at Hertford—I have known the prisoner for several years—I believe that a few years ago he was manager and director of a distillery company in Dublin—I knew him also as a manufacturer of yeast—before the beginning of February this year I knew he was living at 68, Canton Street, Poplar—I have had letters from him at that address, which I have answered—I have never been there—that was his only address that I knew in February—he had no place of business in the City that I knew of—on Wednesday, 8th February, he came to see me at Hertford, and told me he had to go to Paris on the following Friday; I knew before that he was going—he said he had the opportunity of doing some business for a friend of his, by which he would get money enough to pay his expenses for going—he said his friend was holding some French Rentes which he could dispose of in Paris for him to advantage—he did not tell me the name of his friend; I told him I thought it was a matter for a banker or broker, that I had nothing to do with that kind of thing, and in the end I declined to do it—he wanted me to lend him money, about £550,1 think; I refused—on that day, or on Friday, he explained that they were Rentes of which the coupons had run out; and therefore, I understood, the bonds had to be exchanged for fresh bonds with coupons attached—I told him on the Wednesday I was coming to London on the Friday, and he met me on the Friday, and after further pressing me to do this I said he must come to my bankers and make the matter clear—we went to the London and County Bank and into the manager's room—I introduced him to the manager and told him that the prisoner proposed to take French Rentes and get them exchanged for new bonds—the manager said it was a simple matter of business, and the bank would do it for him if he pleased—he said as he was going to Paris himself he would be paid for doing it, and he would rather do it himself—I told the manager he had asked me to lend him £550 in order to take up these Rentes, and that on disposing of them in Paris he would pay the money into a bank to be named there by my bankers, and afterwards put to my credit in Lombard Street—that was to save the repayment—the manager wrote the name of the London and County Bank agent in Paris for him, and also said he would write to his Paris correspondent—I wrote out a cheque for £550, and cashed it for bank-notes, which I gave to him—he said I should have half of what he made—I don't know what he was to make, it was no large sum—I declined it, because I wished-to do it out of friendship, and I lent him the £550—he gave his signature to the bank manager to forward to Paris—he wrote out this receipt, and signed and handed it to me: "I acknowledge receipt from Mr. A. Hawkes of the sum of £550 for a negotiation in certificates of French Rentes, three per cent, francs, 500 of Rentes, and I undertake to pay back the said sum to Mr. Hawkes as soon as the Rentes are realised, within either five or eight days"—the next I heard of the prisoner was that he was in custody in Paris—I saw a notice of it in the paper a few days afterwards—I have never got my money back.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known the prisoner for about eight or nine years—I think I have shown that he was a man in whom I had the utmost confidence—I believe he was a Frenchman—he had a secret or process for making yeast, no patent—I have seen him make the yeast; I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240037"/>
<p>understood no more about it than that—I knew he was at Leixlip; the reason for the failure of his company there to work his system was stated to be entirely insufficient capital—he always seemed to me, as far as I could judge, to be a man of very plain habits—I had seen him very frequently before he went to Paris—I have heard of his going to Paris on other occasions—he was in communication with people who were going to give him very substantial support of many thousand pounds with a view to starting the same yeast-making business here—he and others told me of it—he applied to me after he came back from Ireland about the negotiation of a property for mortgage with which I was concerned, and I told him that when I was satisfied he had fairly the means of acquiring the property I would entertain the suggestion, and during our intercourse I made enquiries that satisfied me that he was so far advanced that I might entertain the matter—he was going to Paris with the object of completing the matter—he told me that he was going to Paris to see people to join in this enterprise; it was to be a private company, not a public matter at all—I could give well-known names of persons who were going to support the thing here—I understood he was going to make a small sum of money out of the transaction in Paris, whatever it was; he did not tell me the person's name, and I did not ask him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The market for Rentes was rising at the time, and he could sell them better in Paris after they had been obtained—I don't know that he had any banking account of his own—I believe the Dublin yeast matter was wound up some years ago, but I know very little about it—the account at the London and County Bank is in the name of my firm, Spence and Co.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-164" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-164" type="surname" value="GLEIZAL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-164" type="given" value="REAGIS"/>REAGIS GLEIZAL</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Messrs. Frederick Bertrand and Co., foreign bankers, 80, Cornhill—on 10th February I sold 7,000 francs worth of French bank-notes to the prisoner for £278 17s. 8d.—he paid me £300 in these six £50 notes, Nos. 51161, 51162, 51163, 51164, 51165 and 51166—the prisoner had written his name and address on the back of one—I gave him the change.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave him ten centimes in the pound on the rate of exchange.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-165" type="surname" value="CALDERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-165" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY CALDERWOOD</persName> </hi>. I was a clerk in the service of Charles Reinhardt and Co., money changers, at 14, Coventry Street, Haymarket—on 10th February, about five o'clock, these three £50 notes, numbers 51167, 51168, and 51169, were changed for French notes for 4,000 francs, and 12s. 9d. English money—I don't know who changed them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-166" type="surname" value="SHARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-166" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SHARMAN</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Gaze and Sons, the tourist agents, at Piccadilly Circus—on 10th February I received a £50 note, No. 51170, and gave in exchange for it 500 francs and £30 in English money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-167" type="surname" value="HACKER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-167" type="given" value="GEORGE JAMES"/>GEORGE JAMES HACKER</persName> </hi>. I am a booking-clerk at the St. Paul's Station of the London, Chatham, and Dover Railway—on a day in February a £5 note, No. 10935, dated 16th December, 1892, was paid into the booking-office in respect of passenger traffic received on the 12th—the note would be taken on the 12th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-168" type="surname" value="EMERY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-168" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES EMERY</persName> </hi>. I am the licensed holder of the Norfolk Hero, Canton Street, Poplar—on 10th February I cashed for Mrs. Boswell, who lives in the same street, a £5 note, No. 10940.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240038"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-169" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-169" type="given" value="OTTO"/>OTTO WARREN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the London and County Bank, Oxford Street branch—Mr. Swartz, who has an account at our branch, got credit on 17th February for a £5 note, No. 10941, dated 16th December, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-170" type="surname" value="SCHWARTZ"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-170" type="given" value="HENRY THOMAS"/>HENRY THOMAS SCHWARTZ</persName> </hi>. I am a licensed victualler, of 27, Foley Street, W.—I believe I gave change at the bar for the note which was paid into my account at the London and County Bank; I could not swear—I should pay in all notes and money at the end of the day, or next morning.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-171" type="surname" value="AZARIO"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-171" type="given" value="LUIGI"/>LUIGI AZARIO</persName> </hi>. I am proprietor of the Hotel de Florence, Rupert Street, Haymarket—in February I think I cashed over the counter this Bank of England note, No. 10943, which I passed into the London and Midland Bank, Shaftesbury Avenue.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-172" type="surname" value="SANDS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-172" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>CHARLES EDWARD SANDS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the City Bank, Ludgate Hill branch—this £5 note, 10938, dated 18th December, 1892, was paid into the credit of Messrs. Wontner at our bank on 25th May.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-173" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-173" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD FISHER</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the London and County Bank, Lombard Street—Mr. Hawkes has an account at our Hertford branch in the name of Spence and Co.—I have a certified copy of the paying-in book—on 10th February, 1893, is an entry showing a payment on account of Spence and Co. of £550—that was paid according to the books in ten £50 notes, numbers 51161 to 51170, dated May 27th, 1892; and ten £5 notes, 10935 to 10944 inclusive, dated 16th December, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-174" type="surname" value="BOSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-174" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH BOSWELL</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, living at 68, Canton Street, Poplar—I have known the prisoner over nine years, during which time he has lodged with me—there was an interval from 1888 to 1891, when he was in Dublin—he was with me up to the time of his going to Paris on 12th February—he paid me on an average sixteen shillings a week for his lodging and partial board; his room was six shillings a week; he had a bedroom, and took his meals with me—I had this note from him, and I changed it with Mr. Emery.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner has always borne a very high character; he was hardworking and studious, and led a very frugal life—he went over to Paris at intervals to see friends, and I used to make up for him when he went a parcel of pepper to take to his friends.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-175" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-175" type="given" value="ADAM"/>ADAM MURRAY</persName> </hi>. I am chief clerk of the London branch of the Bank of Scotland, Lothbury—I heard of the robbery of the satchel on 16th February, 1891, with notes to the extent of £11,580—I had these bills printed and circulated at once, and the matter was advertised as well, and information was sent abroad—only one other of the £1,000 notes has been got possession of; it was covered, and we got the benefit of it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> All the notes marked on this list in red ink have come in—all the £100 notes have come in; £500 and one £1,000 note are out
<lb/>standing; the £5 and £10 notes have come in—a man in Genoa or Biarritz came in and tried to change a £1,000 note, but went away, leaving it behind.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-176" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-176" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>CHARLES JOHN WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. The last witness spoke correctly about the notes—none of the notes appear to have been circulated till June and July, 1892—the £1,000 note was given up in Genoa—the last note that came was a £500 note, on Monday or Tuesday this week—we have no right to refuse gold to a note, even though it has been stolen, and they are generally paid—the other notes paid on the account of Hawkes,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240039"/>
<p>Spence and Co., have come in—if a person presented a stolen note directly at the Bank of England, we should make inquiries.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I think the National Provincial Bank paid the £500 note into the Bank of England.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Hector of Leixlip, in Ireland, deposed to the prisoner's good character.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18930724-673-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-673-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-673-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">recommended him to mercy.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18930724-673-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-673-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-673-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-673-18930724 t18930724-673-punishment-24"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, July</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Wright.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-674">
<interp inst="t18930724-674" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-674" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-674-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-674-18930724 t18930724-674-offence-1 t18930724-674-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-674-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-674-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18930724" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18930724" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18930724" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACOB HILL</hi> (33)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18930724-674-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-674-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-674-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18930724-name-178" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-178" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-178" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-178" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-674-offence-1 t18930724-name-178"/>Emma Hill</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BANCROFT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRUMMOND</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Defended, at the request of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-179" type="surname" value="OFFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-179" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD OFFORD</persName> </hi>. I am a wire-worker, of 4, Gilbert Passage, Clare Market—the deceased, Emma Hill, was my sister—she was married to the prisoner ten or eleven years ago—they lived together, with me, at 4, Gilbert Passage—he was a porter at Covent Garden—on 24th June last I was with the deceased, about six in the afternoon, at the White Lion Public-house—the prisoner was there—she insulted him there by using bad language—she was under the influence of drink—I was with him from quarter-past two till quarter-past six—about six we went home, and went into my room—the prisoner asked her to get him a cup of tea—she turned round and said to him, "B—well wait," and went out of the room, to the room underneath—the prisoner remained in the room, looking out of the window, till about twenty minutes to seven—he then said, "Ted, it's no use my stopping here; I am going out of it"—he went down on the landing, and I heard my sister get hold of him—she would quarrel with him—they went downstaire—about ten minutes to seven someone came and gave me a message, and I went to the hospital and saw my sister there—the prisoner had been in the habit of carrying a long-bladed knife—I don't know whether it was a clasped one; I have seen it in my drawer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw my sister in Blackmore Street about ten minutes before I saw her in the White Lion, and I had seen her before that, in the afternoon—she had a very violent temper—they did not get on well together; she was rather given to drink—I have heard her abuse the prisoner scores and scores of times—he was a very quiet, sober man—a quieter man never breathed—he used not to abuse her—I know she has been locked up at Bow Street—I can't tell you what it was for—I have seen her strike the prisoner when she was drunk—it might be eight or nine times, and she used foul language to him—when he went downstairs I heard a wrangling—I could not say whether she struck him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When she struck him he would return the blow—he had great occasion to do it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-180" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-180" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a plasterer's labourer, and live at 10, King's Place, High Street—on 24th June, about quarter to seven, I was walking along Portugal Street, near King's College Hospital—I noticed the prisoner and a woman together—the woman was in the roadway—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240040"/>
<p>prisoner was standing on the pathway—they were about four paces apart, walking along talking—I could not hear what they said—they were not talking sharp to one another—I did not hear any quarrel—I saw him lift up his right hand, take two paces in front, and stab her in the left side of her breast with a clasp knife—he had the knife up his sleeve all the time—he said, "Now I have done it, you b——cow, give me in charge"—the woman had nothing in her hand—I did not see her raise her hand at all before the blow was struck—I ran to the Law Courts for a constable—when I came back they had moved on fifty or sixty yards—when the constable came up the prisoner ran through the archway—I helped the woman to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They did not appear to be quarrelling when I first saw them—I was examined at the Police-court—I did not say there, "They were talking together rather cross, I thought; they appeared to be quarrelling"—that is wrong—what I said at the Police-court, I say now—they were facing one another when he struck the blow—his back was then towards me—they were both strangers to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-181" type="surname" value="SPENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-181" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS SPENCE</persName> </hi>. I live at Took's Court, Cursitor Street—I am a bootmaker—on 24th June, about a quarter to seven, I was in Portugal Street with my wife—I saw a man and woman there, walking along, having an altercation—she was abusing him, and using very filthy, disgusting language—he was abusing her in a similar manner, though not to the extent—she was putting herself in a fighting attitude, and fighting also; using her arms in a fighting manner, striking at him and hitting him—he was doing his best with his left hand to keep her off—his right hand was down towards his hip, beneath the flap of his coat—then he struck her in the chest, and she was down in the gutter; he was on the pavement—she screamed, "Oh, Jack!" I think, but I know she said, "Oh, oh!" and put her hand to her breast—he put his arms beneath hers, and walked across the road, as if to support her—I heard him say, "Now you have got it"—he went away towards Clare Market—I advised the women to take her to the hospital, but she said, "No, I don't want to go to the hospital, I will go upstairs"—she walked back to almost the same spot where the blow was struck, and then went back to her residence forty or fifty yards off, the women assisting her—just before the blow was struck they were in close contact, really fronting each other—I did not see the man take two or three steps forward before the blow was struck.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was about ten or twelve paces behind them—she was making blows at him almost from the time they came out of the archway—it was a continuous running fight—he was defending himself—he was more the aggrieved than the aggressor—I was about the same distance from him when I saw the knife in his right hand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-182" type="surname" value="BUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-182" type="given" value="LEO"/>LEO BUNN</persName> </hi> (180
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). I was in Carey Street—the witness Williams came to me, and in consequence of what he said I immediately ran to Portugal Street, and there saw the prisoner and deceased in Gilbert Passage—on seeing me he ran away, and I followed, but lost sight of him—I next saw him in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-183" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-183" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM REYNOLDS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant</hi>, 67
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). On the morning of the 25th June, I went to 12, Andrew Street, Silvertown—I saw the prisoner there—he said his name was Jacob Hill—I said I should take him into custody for stabbing a woman the day before—he made a statement which</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240041"/>
<p>was taken down, read over, and he signed it (
<hi rend="italic">This was to the effect that he had been married thirteen years, and his life had been a perfect misery with her through her bad language and drunken violence; that on the evening in question she was abusing him; he had the knife in his hand paring his nails when site struck him, and in putting her arms down the knife entered her breast.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-184" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-184" type="given" value="GEORGE REYNOLDS"/>GEORGE REYNOLDS RUSSELL</persName> </hi>, M. R. C. S. I am house surgeon at King's College Hospital—on 24th June, at seven p. m., the deceased was brought there, suffering from a stab wound on the left breast, extending to the middle of the chest, about two and a half inches deep, and about half an inch wide—it might be caused by an ordinary clasp knife—very considerable violence must have been used—the point of the weapon penetrated a bone and the heart itself; she lingered till about a quarter to ten next morning, and then died—the cause of death was perforation of the heart and hemorrhage into the pericardium, preventing the action of the heart.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his statement before the Magistrate detailed a series of misconduct and violence on the part of his wife, and repeated his assurance that the wound in question was caused in the way before stated.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">He received an excellent character.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18930724-674-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-674-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-674-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of Manslaughter under great provocation. Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18930724-674-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-674-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-674-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-674-18930724 t18930724-674-punishment-25"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-675">
<interp inst="t18930724-675" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-675" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-675-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-675-18930724 t18930724-675-offence-1 t18930724-675-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-675-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-675-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-675-18930724" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-675-18930724" type="surname" value="DOWNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-675-18930724" type="given" value="JOHN MOORE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MOORE DOWNER</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-675-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-675-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-675-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, for a rape on
<persName id="t18930724-name-186" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-186" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-186" type="surname" value="ELLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-186" type="given" value="LOIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-675-offence-1 t18930724-name-186"/>Lois Ellard</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended, at the request of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-675-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-675-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-675-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment for an indecent assault on Ada Lydia Beeves, for which see Fourth Court, Friday.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday and Thursday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th, and</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1893.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-676">
<interp inst="t18930724-676" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-676" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-676-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-676-18930724 t18930724-676-offence-1 t18930724-676-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-676-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-676-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-676-18930724" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-676-18930724" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-676-18930724" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GEORGE TAYLOR</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-676-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-676-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-676-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18930724-name-188" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-188" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-188" type="surname" value="BAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-188" type="given" value="LOUISA MARTHA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-676-offence-1 t18930724-name-188"/>Louisa Martha Bayne</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-676-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-676-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-676-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18930724-676-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-676-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-676-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-676-18930724 t18930724-676-punishment-26"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-677">
<interp inst="t18930724-677" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-677" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-677-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-677-18930724 t18930724-677-offence-1 t18930724-677-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-677-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-677-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-677-18930724" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-677-18930724" type="surname" value="BRAIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-677-18930724" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR BRAIN</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-677-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-677-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-677-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Unlawfully detaining
<persName id="t18930724-name-190" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-190" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-190" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-190" type="given" value="DORA ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-677-offence-1 t18930724-name-190"/>Dora Annie Porter</persName> against her will, in order that she might be carnally known by him.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-677-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-677-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-677-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t18930724-677-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-677-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-677-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-677-18930724 t18930724-677-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on Recognizances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-678">
<interp inst="t18930724-678" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-678" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-678-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-678-18930724 t18930724-678-offence-1 t18930724-678-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-678-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-678-18930724" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18930724" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18930724" type="surname" value="CHAMP"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18930724" type="given" value="EDITH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDITH CHAMP</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-678-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-678-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-678-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, Unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PASMORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-678-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-678-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-678-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-679">
<interp inst="t18930724-679" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-679" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-679-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-679-18930724 t18930724-679-offence-1 t18930724-679-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-679-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-679-18930724 t18930724-679-offence-1 t18930724-679-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-679-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-679-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18930724" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18930724" type="surname" value="HUBBARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18930724" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HUBBARD</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-679-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-679-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-679-18930724" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-679-18930724" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-679-18930724" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD JOHNSON</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-679-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-679-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-679-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing the carcases of three sheep, the property of
<persName id="t18930724-name-194" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-194" type="surname" value="COVELL"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-194" type="given" value="JAMES CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18930724-679-offence-1 t18930724-name-194"/>James Charles Covell</persName> and others, the masters of Johnson.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-679-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-679-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-679-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240042"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-195" type="surname" value="BROWNING"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-195" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BROWNING</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Lee and Covell in the Meat Market—up to 12th July, Johnson had been in our employment for about a fortnight—on 12th July I missed two sheep, about twenty stone, and of the value of about £2 each, and on 13th July I missed another sheep about nine stone, and of the value of about £1 18s., which I subsequently saw in Nash's, a carrier's, cart—I made inquiries and gave Johnson into custody—Hubbard is not our customer; I don't know that I ever saw him before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Hubbard.</hi> I might have served you about a fortnight ago; I don't remember your face—the price was according to the market—we did not weigh these sheep ourselves; but we have been charged, and had to pay for them at that weight—we do not guess the weight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-196" type="surname" value="WILLSON"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-196" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN WILLSON</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Mr. Nash, a carrier—on July 12th Johnson brought me a sheep, and asked if I went Stratford way—I said, "Yes," and got a piece of paper and wrote the address—I showed the sheep to Mr. Nash.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-197" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-197" type="given" value="FREDERICK JOSEPH"/>FREDERICK JOSEPH NASH</persName> </hi>. I am a carrier—on July 12th about 8. 30 I received a sheep—before that Johnson said, "Have you sent Hubbard's meat on?"—I said, "It is at the bottom of the cart"—he said, "Mr. Hubbard will pay down there"—next day he brought a sheep, and said, "Here is another sheep to go where you took those two yesterday; they did not pay yesterday; they will pay for the three to-day"—Browning and Newman came up—I sent the sheep in my cart, and Newman followed in a cab.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-198" type="surname" value="KIRK"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-198" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE KIRK</persName> </hi>. I am carman to Mr. Nash—on 12th July I took two sheep to Hubbard's shop at Stratford—I asked him if it was right—he asked what I had got—I said, "Two sheep"—he said, "Bring them in"—I took them in and hung them up—no invoice was given—next day I took another sheep down—he asked what I had got—I said, "One sheep," and hung it up—no questions were asked—I never have a signature for meat anywhere.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-199" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-199" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN NEWMAN</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of the Central Meat Market—I saw the sheep delivered, and said, "Mr. Hubbard, you have just received that sheep"—he said, "I don't know where it came from, or who sent it"—I said, "The sheep is in your shop"—he examined it, and said, "I don't know where it came from"—I said, "You had two sheep delivered here yesterday"—he said, "No; that is a mistake; I had no sheep delivered here yesterday"—I said to the carman, "Go and fetch Mr. Kirk"—Hubbard then said, "I had two yesterday; I engaged a party to buy for me"—I said, "Who is that party?"—he said, "I do not know; he is a
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> I met in the market"—I said, "Have you paid for those two sheep you had yesterday?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "What did you pay?"—he said, "£2 2s. for the two sheep"—I said, "What was theweight of them?"—he said, "14 st. 2 lb."—I asked if he had any receipt to show—he said, "No"—I said, "Mr. Hubbard, who is this party who buys for you?"—he said, "He is a
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> I know in the market"—I took him to Snow Hill Station, and he was charged with receiving the three sheep—he said to the Inspector, "I cannot give the address of the party who buys for me; I do not know where he is to be</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240043"/>
<p>found; I paid £2 2s. for the sheep, but I was going to pay 15s. more"—I found some papers on him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said you paid £2 2s. at 6d. per lb., and you were going to pay the rest further on.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-200" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-200" type="surname" value="GOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-200" type="given" value="HUBERT"/>HUBERT GOTT</persName> </hi>. On July 12th I was working in the Central Meat Market—I saw the prisoner at nearly one o'clock—he asked me where
<hi rend="italic">bow-leg</hi> was—I said, "Bow-leg?"—he said, "Johnson; you don't know me"—I said, "Hardly, in that get-up"—he asked whether I was at Covell's—I said, "Yes."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-201" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-201" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN PAGE</persName> </hi>. About two years ago I was employed by Tidmarsh and Bagley at the Central Market—Johnson was employed there as a regular man, and I sometimes put Hubbard on a job on and off as odd man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-202" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-202" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-202" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GRAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I arrested Johnson—he made a statement on the way to the Police-court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Hubbard, in his defence, stated that he received the sheep not knowing them to have been stolen, and paid the full value for them; that lie told Johnson, he was not going to market in the morning as his wife was ill, and asked him to buy him some mutton, and two sheep came next day; that Johnson wanted</hi> 4s. 4d.
<hi rend="italic">a stone for them, but he only gave him</hi> 4s.,
<hi rend="italic">for which he made out a bill for</hi> £2 17s.,
<hi rend="italic">and paid him</hi> £2 2s.
<hi rend="italic">on account; that another sheep came on the 13th, and then the Inspector came in and questioned him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUBBARD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18930724-679-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-679-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-679-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18930724-679-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-679-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-679-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-679-18930724 t18930724-679-punishment-28"/>Six Months'Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18930724-680">
<interp inst="t18930724-680" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18930724"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-680" type="date" value="18930724"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18930724-680-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-680-18930724 t18930724-680-offence-1 t18930724-680-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-680-18930724" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-680-18930724" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-680-18930724" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-680-18930724" type="surname" value="BINET"/>
<interp inst="def1-680-18930724" type="given" value="GEORGE JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE JOHN BINET</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18930724-680-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18930724-680-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-680-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining postal orders by false pretences with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TTAVERS HUMPHREYS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. P. TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-204" type="surname" value="GOSSAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-204" type="given" value="WILLIAM FREDERICK"/>WILLIAM FREDERICK GOSSAGE</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, of 145, Lodge Road, Birmingham—on 12th March I saw an advertisement in a newspaper similar to this (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I replied to Binet, National Detective Agency, Wych Street, and received this letter signed "M. E. Godfrey." (
<hi rend="italic">This stated that in consequence of the great increase in their business they required men and women detectives, and that the fee for being placed on the staff was</hi> 108.6d.). I did not answer that—I saw another advertisement in April, and wrote and received this letter in reply: "Dear Sir,—We have an agent in Birmingham, but if you will forward your registration fee we will send you the certificate you want should a case come into your district.—G. J.
<hi rend="smallCaps">BINET</hi>, Manager. I sent a postal order for 10s., 6d., but got no receipt, though I have written twice—this card was enclosed in the first letter; and here is another. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated:</hi> "Mrs. J. Gray, the celebrated lady detective, can be consulted")—I parted with the 10s. 6d. because I believed the representations in the letters.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have had experience of detective work, not in Birmingham—I know now that I wrote to him after the summons was. served on him—I did not part with my money because he put at the bottom of his advertisement "Ex-chief of Police," or because I believed he was doing business in London.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-205" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-205" type="surname" value="SELLING"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-205" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SELLING</persName> </hi>. I am a painter, of Gravesend—I am thirty-two years of age—I saw the advertisement for men and women to act as detectives—I sent a stamped envelope, and received this letter of De</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240044"/>
<p>cember 6th. (
<hi rend="italic">Enclosing a form to be filled up and returned with the registration fee.</hi>)—I wrote and sent references, and then received this letter stating that it was necessary for me to be enrolled on the register, and signed, G. J. Binet, Manager—I came to London, went to the prisoner's office, and told him I had come in answer to his letter; he said he should be very happy to have me, and to certify the police that I was on the staff—I paid him 10s. 6d. on September 8th; I got nothing for my money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was appointed for Gravesend; I cannot say whether any detective business was going on there—if a person asked me what I was I should say, "A private detective."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-206" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-206" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-206" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-206" type="given" value="ANNABELLA"/>ANNABELLA JONES</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Hubert Jones, a labourer; in September, 1892, we were living at Billinghurst, and saw an advertisement in a newspaper, to which we replied, and received this reply. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that they winked to increase their staff; as before.</hi>)—I replied, requesting to be appointed one of the staff—it stated that it was necessary to send 10s. 6d., which I sent, and received this letter saying that I was enrolled, and enclosing this certificate—I never got any work to do from then till now—before I got that letter I wrote to them to know why I had not had any work, and on October 22nd I received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated:</hi> "We are sorry not to have sent you anything yet; we have not had a single case in your district")—after January I called and saw Binet; he said he gave his London work to the men at Scotland Yard—on March 2nd I received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated:</hi> "All letters requiring reply should contain envelopes.")</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I first thought that the prisoner had defrauded me when I found that he sent me no work—I was to be employed when work came in for him to give.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I believed then that in consequence of the great increase of work they wanted representatives; I do not now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-207" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-207" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-207" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>CHARLES JOHN JONES</persName> </hi>. I am a blacksmiths' striker, at Manchester—I saw an advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Manchester Evening Mercury</hi> at the beginning of this year, similar to this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), but not so full—I was to apply to Superintendent Jacman, of Grafton Place, Manchester; I wrote there, and got a reply from W. H. Jarman—I then wrote to the agency, 2, Wych Street, and received this letter: "Our business having greatly increased in all parts of the United Kingdom, we are appointing representatives in every locality," etc.—I applied to be enrolled on the staff, and sent 10s. 6d., but did not get any work.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have had no experience as a private detective—being in Leicester, I expected to have Leicester work, and I expected if there was any work, he would send me somewhere else.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-208" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-208" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-208" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED HARVEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 23, Roman Street, Leicester, and am agent for selling sewing machines—I saw an advertisement of the National Detective Agency to apply to Mr. Jameson—I wrote to Wych Street and got this form and sent 10s. 6d., and received a certificate authorising me to act as a private detective—I got no answer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-209" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-209" type="surname" value="JARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18930724-name-209" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY JARMAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Grafton Place, Leicester, and am a boot clicker—I saw an advertisement of the National Detective Agency—I wrote and received a statement that the business was in
<lb/>creasing, and asking for 10s. 6d.—I came to London in January, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189307240045"/>
<p>called at the prisoner's office—he arranged for me to go back and get two or three young men, and I was to be superintendent—I went back and wrote to the office—I was to advertise first for members of the staff, and afterwards for the business, but had a telegram from Binet on the third day to stop the advertisement, and offering 2s. 6d. for every man I got to join; I was to see them personally—I spent money in advertising and other things, and I had to pay the young man who wrote the letters—I applied for him, and got 10s. out of 22s. 6d.—I never had any business as a detective.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not charge the prisoner with defrauding me—Binet did not send me to Leicester—I developed the business myself—I instructed someone to write this letter (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>)—I wanted to send Binet some of my work, but I never did so—I filled in the outline of this letter of April 29th—the Imperial Agency was my office, as distinguished from the National—it occurred to me that Binet was defrauding me, but I never complained of his doing so—I did not know that he had been employed at Moser's Agency more than a year—Moser's are respectable people, I should look up to them—I made an inquiry about his being the ex-chief of police.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The Imperial was shut up in April—it went on about three months.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18930724-name-210" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18930724-name-210" type="gender" value="male"/>