<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>EVANS, MAYOR.</p>
<persName id="t18920523-name-1">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
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<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, May 23rd, 1892, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-2" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-2" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID EVANS</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18920523-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-3" type="surname" value="GRANTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-3" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRANTHAM</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-4" type="surname" value="LUSK"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-4" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW LUSK</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-5" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-5" type="given" value="HENRY EDMUND"/>HENRY EDMUND KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, Knt., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-6" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-6" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q. C., M. P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">STUART KNLLL</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-7" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-7" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>WALTER HENRY WILKIN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-8" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-8" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-9" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-9" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE FAUDEL PHILLIPS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-10" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-10" type="given" value="JAMES THOMPSON"/>JAMES THOMPSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-11" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-11" type="given" value="WALTER VAUGHAN"/>WALTER VAUGHAN MORGAN</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18920523-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-12" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-12" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q. C., D. C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18920523-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-13" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-13" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-14" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-14" type="given" value="HARRY SEYMOUR"/>HARRY SEYMOUR FOSTER</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-15" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-15" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HILL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLARENCE RICHARD HALSE</hi>, Esq,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EVANS, MAYOR. EIGHTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two start</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, May</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES MULVERHILL</hi> (32)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18920523-534-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-534-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-534-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> for stealing a tobacco-box of
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<interp inst="t18920523-name-17" type="surname" value="MANN"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-534-offence-1 t18920523-name-17"/>John Mann</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-18" type="surname" value="MANN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-18" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MANN</persName> </hi>. I live at 38, Laurence Street, Chelsea—on 2nd May, about a quarter to one a.m., I was in Laurence Street—I met the prisoner—he asked me for a penny—I told him I had not got one—I had 1s. 6d. in my pocket—he put his hand in my pocket and tore it out and ran away—I followed him to a lodging-house, and gave him in charge—I had lost sight of him when he ran up another street, but he came back again—I am sure he is the man—I was sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You were against the lodging-house door when this happened—you put your hand in the pocket where the money was—I found you at the lodging-house about a quarter to two.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-19" type="witnessName">
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<interp inst="t18920523-name-19" type="surname" value="CHISHOLM"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-19" type="given" value="DONALD"/>DONALD CHISHOLM</persName> </hi> (270
<hi rend="italic">B</hi>). At a quarter to one on 2nd May the prosecutor came to me and made a complaint—I went with him to the lodging-house in Laurence Street, and there took the prisoner into custody—I found on him a shilling in bronze, a sixpence, and a pawnticket for a ring—I did not find a tobacco-box.</p>
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<interp inst="t18920523-name-20" type="surname" value="KILLINGBACK"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-20" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL KILLINGBACK</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the lodging-house at 23, Laurence Street—on 2nd May, about a quarter to one, the prisoner came there; he wanted a lodging, but said he had 2 1/2 d., the lodging was 4d.—I would not give him the lodging, and he went out—he came back, and was arrested there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18920523-534-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-534-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction on</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th January</hi>, 1883—
<hi rend="italic">
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-534-18920523 t18920523-534-punishment-1"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BETTS</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-535-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-535-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-535-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>,
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<rs id="t18920523-535-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
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<interp inst="t18920523-535-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully committing acts of gross indecency with another person—</rs>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-535-18920523 t18920523-535-punishment-2"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ROBERT BURRITT</hi> (18)</persName>
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<interp inst="t18920523-536-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-536-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to stealing, whilst employed in the Post-office, a letter containing twenty-two postage stamps and two postal orders for 7s. and 5s.—</rs>
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<interp inst="t18920523-536-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-536-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-536-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-536-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-536-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-536-18920523 t18920523-536-punishment-3"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-537-18920523" type="surname" value="BEIDGES"/>
<interp inst="def1-537-18920523" type="given" value="CHARLES THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES THOMAS BEIDGES</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-537-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-537-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-537-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, To stealing a post parcel containing a quantity of tea.—</rs>
<rs id="t18920523-537-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-537-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-537-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-537-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-537-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-537-18920523 t18920523-537-punishment-4"/>Six Months'Hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-538-18920523" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-538-18920523" type="surname" value="EMBLETON"/>
<interp inst="def1-538-18920523" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS EMBLETON</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-538-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-538-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-538-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing, whilst employed in the Post-office, a letter containing a florin.—</rs>
<rs id="t18920523-538-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-538-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-538-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-538-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-538-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-538-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-538-18920523 t18920523-538-punishment-5"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-6-18920523" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18920523" type="surname" value="DEAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18920523" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE DEAS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, To a robbery, with violence co, on
<persName id="t18920523-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-26" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-26" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-6-offence-1 t18920523-name-26"/>James Scott</persName>, and stealing a watch and chain, and to a previous conviction at this Court in May, 1888; and other convictions were proved against him.—</rs>
<rs id="t18920523-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18920523 t18920523-6-punishment-6"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-540-18920523" type="age" value="48"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BRADNAM</hi> (48)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-540-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-540-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-540-18920523" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-540-18920523" type="surname" value="COGHLAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-540-18920523" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHEN COGHLAN</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-540-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-540-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-540-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Unlawfully attempting to commit an abominable crime.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PASMORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-540-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-540-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-540-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-541">
<interp inst="t18920523-541" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-541" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-541-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-541-18920523 t18920523-541-offence-1 t18920523-541-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-541-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-541-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-541-18920523" type="age" value="51"/>
<interp inst="def1-541-18920523" type="surname" value="HILLIEE"/>
<interp inst="def1-541-18920523" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT HILLIEE</hi> (51)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18920523-541-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-541-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-541-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> for attempting to steal letters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-541-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-541-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-541-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="unfitToPlead"/>In this case, upon the evidence of Dr. and Mrs. Golding, of the Bromley Asylum, the prisoner was found to be unfit to plead.</rs>
<rs id="t18920523-541-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-541-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-541-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-541-18920523 t18920523-541-punishment-7"/>To be detained during Her Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-542">
<interp inst="t18920523-542" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-542" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-542-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-542-18920523 t18920523-542-offence-1 t18920523-542-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-542-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-542-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-542-18920523" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-542-18920523" type="surname" value="ARCHIBALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-542-18920523" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ARCHIBALD</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-542-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-542-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-542-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18920523-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-31" type="surname" value="HODGSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-31" type="given" value="LETITIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-542-offence-1 t18920523-name-31"/>Letitia Hodgson</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. W. J. ABRAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-32" type="surname" value="MACINTOSH"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-32" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MACINTOSH</persName> </hi>. I am clerk of the works at Her Majesty's Convict Prison, Aberdeenshire—I was present at Moor Town Bridge, Inverness, in 1877, when the prisoner was married, in the name of Macintosh, to Christina, by a clergyman of the Established Church of England, in a house—this is the certificate which I signed as a witness.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-33" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-33" type="surname" value="HODGSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-33" type="given" value="LETITIA"/>LETITIA HODGSON</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, of 11, Bremerton Street, Chelsea—I have known the prisoner about seven months—on 29th October, 1891, I went through the form of marriage with him at the Registrar's office in King's Road, Chelsea—he lived with me up to 14th April, when he left me, and I did not see him again till he was in custody. (
<hi rend="italic">The certifi cate of the marriage was read</hi>)—he was a lodger in my house before he married me—he said he was a bachelor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I took out a warrant against you for bigamy and stealing my money—last December I first heard that you had been married before, and I told the police in that month—you went away in a drunken state, and I saw nothing of you, and gave information to the police, believing then I was lawfully married—I did not know you were married till my son broke open your box and found the marriage license of your first wife—I had a correspondence with the matrimonial agency before I married you; I did not keep it up afterwards—four lovers did not come to see me—one gentleman was not with me for four hours—I am not in the habit of drinking—my servant did not say she had seen me in bed with Mr. Hall—you vilified me to others and stole my money—we were, acquainted for a few weeks before we were married—you did not show me your marriage certificate on the day before we went to the Registry Office; I did not see it till my son showed it to me after we were married—I asked the warrant officer if I could withdraw from the prosecution, as he said he had found 6d. on you and you had gone to the hotel and run up a bill, which you had left your</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230007"/>
<p>wife to pay, and I said you could not have had my money; but. since that I have heard that you planted money in your garden—you were in the workhouse infirmary—my son broke open your box after you had gone, and then I saw your marriage certificate, and I wrote to your wife; you had said she was your mother and that you were coming into money; and I asked her to send me some—I found your army discharge papers in your box and sent them to your wife, and you had them back—you wrote four times to me, and asked me to join you in Southampton—you said you had been to see your wife and she would not see you, and she had given you a sovereign—you had my £15.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I wrote to his wife at Vine Cottage, West End, Southampton—I received no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-34" type="surname" value="MACINTOSH"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-34" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MACINTOSH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I last saw his wife on 5th May this year—she is alive now.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner.</hi> You have maintained your wife and family up to the present time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-35" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-35" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WILSON</persName> </hi>. I took the prisoner into custody, on 23rd April, at Southampton—I did not say anything to him about the charge of bigamy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said he had no criminal intention, hut that Mrs. Hodgson had rather married him than he had married her.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-542-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-542-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-542-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-542-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-542-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-542-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-542-18920523 t18920523-542-punishment-8"/>Six Weeks' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-543">
<interp inst="t18920523-543" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-543" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-543-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-543-18920523 t18920523-543-offence-1 t18920523-543-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-543-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-543-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-543-18920523" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-543-18920523" type="surname" value="ARCHIBALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-543-18920523" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ARCHIBALD</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="italic">was again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18920523-543-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-543-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-543-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> for stealing £15, the money of
<persName id="t18920523-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-37" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-37" type="surname" value="HODGSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-37" type="given" value="LETITIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-543-offence-1 t18920523-name-37"/>Letitia Hodgson</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. W. J. ABRAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-38" type="surname" value="HODGSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-38" type="given" value="LETITIA"/>LETITIA HODGSON</persName> </hi>. I went through the form of marriage with the prisoner on 29th October, 1691, and up to 14th April he resided with me—on that day we went down the King's Road together; we had words together, and parted—when I returned home, about four p.m., I found the parlour window and folding doors broken open, my box broken open, and £15 in gold taken away—I had seen the money safe at two, previous to our going out—it was my money; I had sold some of my furniture to make the money up—I had not given the prisoner or anyone else leave to take it; no one knew but he that it was there—he knew 1 had sold the furniture the day before; he wrote out the receipts—he had also taken his own wearing apparel—I did not see the prisoner again till he was in custody—I gave information to the police directly, and they saw the room disarranged—the box in which the money was was in the front parlour, and he got in by the front parlour window.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You got in by the window of the room you used with me—you had got in by that window before, but you never broke open the box before—you-had asked me what was in it—you shifted two chests of drawers and broke open the folding doors which were locked, and you threw open the back parlour window to throw us off our guard—the people next door saw you—if I took some of your papers from your box last December and put them into the tin box, I gave them back to you—there was a bottle of whisky in my box; you wrote and told me you never took the money, but you drank some of my whisky—£15 was the proceeds of selling furniture, and rents—the day after you were arrested the officer came and told me you had only sixpence in your pocket, and had run up a bill at the hotel, and I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230010"/>
<p>said you could not have taken my money then, but since then I believe you have planted it in your garden for when you come out of prison.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-39" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-39" type="surname" value="DALY"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-39" type="given" value="LIIIAN"/>LIIIAN DALY</persName> </hi>. I live at 11, Bremerton Street, in the same house as Mrs. Hodgson—on the day before Good Friday, about twenty minutes past three, I saw the prisoner come through the dining-room window—he had an umbrella or stick, I think.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't know if you could easily open the folding doors on that day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-40" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-40" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WILSON</persName> </hi>. On 23rd April I apprehended the prisoner at Southampton—I read the warrant to him; he made no reply—next morning, while walking to the railway station, the prisoner said, "I broke open the box to find my discharge and pension papers, as I could not find them in my own box; I could find no money in the box, and I don't believe there was any there. She told me she did not keep any in the house, but at the bank. She has written me two or three letters, and I have answered them, and she knew perfectly well where I was."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> On the Sunday evening after I had been to Southampton she said, "I don't believe he had the money"—I believe I had told her he had run up a bill at the hotel there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined;</hi> I called to tell her the prisoner had been brought back from Southampton, and she said, "I don't believe now he has the money"—she did not say that in consequence of anything I said to her—the prisoner said he had quarrelled with Mrs. Hodgson, that he had got in by the window, as he had often done before, and opened the box to try and find his papers, but that he did not see any money there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-543-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-543-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-543-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-544">
<interp inst="t18920523-544" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-544" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-544-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-544-18920523 t18920523-544-offence-1 t18920523-544-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-544-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-544-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-544-18920523" type="surname" value="CURD"/>
<interp inst="def1-544-18920523" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILLIAM CURD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18920523-544-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-544-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-544-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18920523-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-42" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-42" type="given" value="ARTHUR ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-544-offence-1 t18920523-name-42"/>Arthur Albert Cross</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm;
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t18920523-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-43" type="surname" value="DULAN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-43" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-544-offence-1 t18920523-name-43"/>George Dulan</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-44" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-44" type="given" value="ARTHUR ALBERT"/>ARTHUR ALBERT CROSS</persName> </hi>. I am a French polisher, living at 19, Methly Street, Kennington—on 20th April, between 1.30 and 1.45 I was passing along the Queen's Road, Bayswater, and I passed a shooting gallery on the same side of the way—I heard a boy, who was among the boys and men outside say, "Look, he has got the gun," and no sooner was it said than I was shot in the head—I was about five feet from the shop, or a little less—I went for a policeman and came back with him, and saw the prisoner against the shop, against where the guns were; he had nothing in his hand—I had not seen him before—I said to the prisoner, "You see you have shot me?"—he said, "Yes, I am very sorry for it; I had no intention to shoot you or the boys either; I am very sorry for it, I only aimed at the boys to frighten them, as they were interfering with me"—I said I was very sorry for the boy, but I must give him into custody—he was taken to the station; I went there, and my wound was examined by a doctor—afterwards I went to St. Thomas's Hospital and was treated there the same day—I came out on 6th May—the bullet was taken out—when I went in the shop with the policeman, besides the prisoner there were two boys in the shop; Dulan was there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-45" type="surname" value="DULAN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-45" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DULAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Poplar Place, Moscow Eoad—on the afternoon of 20th April I was with Hodgkins in Queen's Road, Bayswater, near the shooting gallery, where the prisoner is employed—I looked in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230011"/>
<p>shop window, and the prisoner came out and said he would pay me; I said he would not, and threw a carrot at him—I had not been there before—he threw the carrot back—I went and looked in the doorway leading into the gallery, and the prisoner smacked my face, and then rushed in and shut the door—I turned the handle, pushed the door open, and with the other boy ran inside after the prisoner—he ran straight and got a gun, loaded it, put some shots in it, and put it up to his shoulder—I was against the billiard table, on the street side of it, and Hodgkins was by the counter—the prisoner pointed the rifle in my direction and fired it—he was going to load it a second time if I had gone any nearer—when he fired he was about as far from me as that wall is. (
<hi rend="italic">Pointing to the wall of the Court</hi>)—he aimed at me—the shot went straight out at the door, which was open—Mr. Cross came in—I heard the prisoner say to the policeman that a number of boys were there, and that he did it to frighten the boys away—that is what he was doing, trying to frighten us away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I had never been there before—on Easter Monday you and your friend were on bicycles outside a coffee shop, and we touched the bicycles just to try them, and you came out to pay us—I am quite sure you loaded the gun; you pulled the shots from your inside pocket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-46" type="surname" value="HODGKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-46" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HODGKINS</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Wharf Road, Paddington—I was with Dulan on this day near the shooting gallery, and the prisoner said he would pay Dulan, because on the Monday we touched his tricycle—I don't know what we touched it for—Dulan aimed a carrot at the prisoner, who threw it back—we were then on the opposite side of the road to the shooting gallery—we went over to the gallery, pushed the door open, and ran m—the prisoner was all alone—he ran up and fetched the gun, pulled a shot out of his inside coat pocket on the left side, and loaded the gun, and held it to his shoulder and fired at us, at Dulan—I was standing at a desk three or four yards from Dulan, and not quite in a direct line with the billiard table, where Dulan was standing—the prisoner did not seem to point the gun particularly—we looked outside, and saw the shot hit the man at the top of the eyes—I did not take up a stone and threaten to smash the window if he would not let us in; nor did Dulan; that is not true.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw the carrot thrown—I did not pick up a stone and threaten to throw it; I had nothing in my hand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-47" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-47" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WILLIAMS</persName> </hi> (211
<hi rend="italic">F</hi>), On 20th April, between one and two, the prosecutor came and made a statement to me, and I went to this shooting gallery with him—I saw the prisoner, and asked him why he shot Mr. Cross—he said, "There were some boys teasing me outside the shop; I picked up the gun and fired it at the boys to frighten them away"—he said he was very sorry—I told him I should take him into custody—I took him to the station, where, in answer to the charge, he made the same statement—ninety-eight saloon pistol bullets were found loose in his inside coat pocket.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The boys could not have heard what you said to me about shooting them; there was no one in the building but myself, the prisoner, and Mr. Cross; Mr. Waters came in afterwards—you did not say you had given Mr. Waters twopence for two bullets that had been used.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-48" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-48" type="given" value="AMOS"/>AMOS WARREN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector F</hi>). Two or three days after the occurrence I went to the shooting gallery—it is about 175 feet long—the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230012"/>
<p>pointed out the place of firing as about 47 yards from the street door, and he showed me where Dulan was standing, as about 33 yards from him and about 14 yards from the door—the prisoner, when charged, said he had fired to frighten some boys who had entered the shop.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi> One of the boys took up a stone and threatened to smash the window if I did not open the door. I had my foot against it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-544-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-544-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-544-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, May</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-545">
<interp inst="t18920523-545" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-545" type="date" value="18920523"/>
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<persName id="def1-545-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-545-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-545-18920523" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-545-18920523" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-545-18920523" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES DOUGLAS</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-545-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-545-18920523" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-545-18920523" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def2-545-18920523" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-545-18920523" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANE JARVIS</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-545-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-545-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-545-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, having other counterfeit coin in their possession, to which Douglas</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-545-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-545-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-545-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-51" type="surname" value="DAVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-51" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA DAVEY</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the George II., Pentonville Road—on 4th May, about. 6.30 p.m., the two prisoners came in, and Jarvis asked for two glasses of bitter ale, price 4d.—she put down a half-Grown, which she took from her purse—I took it up, saw that it was bad, and showed it to Mr. Cripps, who broke it, and said, "Have you any more coins like this?"—she made no remark, but put down a florin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You opened your purse, and took out the florin, and I gave you 1s. 8d. change.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-52" type="surname" value="CRIPPS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-52" type="given" value="EDWARD FULLER"/>EDWARD FULLER CRIPPS</persName> </hi>. I keep the George IV., Pentonville Road—on 14th May I saw the two prisoners there, and Miss Davey showed me a coin, which I broke, and said to Jarvis, "Where did you get this from?"—she said, "I took it in change"—I said, "Have you got any more like this?"—she said, "No," and turned out the contents of her purse, and said, "You had better take it out of this," pushing a florin to me; but I saw copper in her purse—I gave her 1s. 8d. out of the florin, which she put into her purse, and put the good money in—they went out, each leaving some of the ale—I went out and called a constable's attention to them, and he followed them—I went back to the bar, and Bryant brought them back—Bryant searched Douglas in the bar; he resisted violently—he found these four half-crowns and five four-shilling pieces, wrapped in paper.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-53" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-53" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BRYANT</persName> </hi> (11
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). On the evening of 14th May I was on duty in Pentonville Road, and Mr. Cripps pointed out the prisoners to me—I went after them, and took them in Western Street, about 100 yards off—I said, "I want you both to go back to the George IV., as a bad halfcrown has been passed,"—Douglas said, "I am not b——well going back"; Jarvis said, "You had better go back"; he said, "I am not going back"—a police sergeant came up, and we took them to the George
<hi rend="largeCaps">IV</hi>., and the landlord showed me this broken half-crown—I said, "You will both be charged with uttering a counterfeit half-crown"—I searched Douglas, and in his left waistcoat pocket I found these four half-crowns, loose; he resisted violently at first—I found in his right waistcoat pocket, five four-shilling pieces, wrapped separately, with paper between each coin—I took them to the station with assistance; Douglas resisted—they were charged at the station, and Douglas said, "I tendered the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230013"/>
<p>half-crown"—Jarvis said, "You know very well I tendered it, and there is an end of the matter"—they were asked their addresses—Douglas said, "I shall not give it," and Jarvis said the same; but on the Monday morning she gave me an address, 90, Duncan Buildings, Portpool Lane. Holborn, which I found correct—I searched Douglas further, and found 8s. 6d. in silver and 1s. 8 1/2 d. in bronze, all good—he was not drunk, but he had been drinking.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-54" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-54" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-54" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>SUSAN HILL</persName> </hi>. I am female searcher at King's Cross Station—on 14th May I searched Jarvis, and found 3s. 6d. in silver in a purse, and 3¼d. in copper, loose.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-55" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-55" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this broken half-crown is counterfeit—these four others are counterfeit, and two of them are from the same mould as the one uttered—these five double florins are bad, and from two different moulds—they are generally rubbed over with lamp-black, which is subbed off before they are uttered.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners</hi>'
<hi rend="italic">statements before the Magistrate. Jarvis says:</hi> "I had just come from the Bank when I met the prisoner."
<hi rend="italic">Douglas says:</hi> "The lady by the side of me is innocent."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Evidence for Jarvis.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-56" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-56" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DOUGLAS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner</hi>). I am a labourer, and am married—I have no fixed address—on this Saturday I saw Jarvis in Pentonville Road, and asked her to have a drink with me—I put down a half-crown, and said, "Take this and treat me"—the barmaid put it in the tester and then took it to the landlord, but 'before that she handed it back to Jarvis; and I kept it in my hand, and put it in my pocket, and Jarvis took her purse out and paid with a florin—the landlord came up, and I gave it to him and was walking out of the house, and had only got three doors, when I was arrested—I would not go back at first; but Jarvis said, "You had better go back and see what it is"—knowing I had a guilty conscience, I did not care about going back, but I went back and was searched, and they found the money on me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I worked last at the Eight Bells in St. Luke's, and left because I was in ill-health—before that I was working at a theatre—I was convicted on 4th July last, at the North London Police-court, of stealing a watch, and had six weeks—I have known Jarvis about four years, but have not been out in her company before—I only know her by her working in the same situation as I do—she said she had been to the bank, and got some money out—I was in a state of inebriation when I gave her the half-crown—I was to be treated with my own money; I did not know what I had given her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The half-crown was passed back out of the bar in some way or other—I did not give Jarvis the good florin with which she paid—she is married.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. I tendered this half-crown to Jarvis, knowing it to be bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Jarvis</hi>'
<hi rend="italic">s Defence.</hi> I had to draw 3s. out of the bank, and as I came out I met Douglas, who I had known three years. He asked me to have a drink. I said, "I think you have had enough; you look like it." We went into a public-house, and he said, "Treat me," and gave me a halfcrown. I put it on the counter, and the barmaid said it was bad. I said, "I was not aware of it." The landlord asked if I had got any</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230014"/>
<p>more. I turned out my purse on the counter, and he said, "I will take it Out of this," and took up a 2s. piece. I am innocent.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JARVIS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-545-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-545-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-545-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Sentence on</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DOUGLAS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-545-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-545-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-545-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-545-18920523 t18920523-545-punishment-9"/>Sixteen Month Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-546-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-546-18920523" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-546-18920523" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="def1-546-18920523" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HUNT</hi> (31)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-546-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-546-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-546-18920523" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def2-546-18920523" type="surname" value="GOWLETT"/>
<interp inst="def2-546-18920523" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GOWLETT</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-546-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-546-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-546-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18920523-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-59" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-59" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-546-offence-1 t18920523-name-59"/>Thomas Herbert</persName>, and stealing a coat from his person.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROACH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-60" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-60" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HERBERT</persName> </hi>. I am a water bailiff of Uxbridge—on May 2nd, between five and six, I was in the bar of the Swan and Bottle, Uxbridge—the prisoners came in together, and Hunt offered a coat and waistcoat to anyone who would buy it, as he was hard up—I bought them for 3s. 6d., and left to go home, and Hunt came up and asked me for the coat back—they both followed me on to the bridge—I would not give the coat up, and Hunt struck me on my eye and knocked me down, and took the coat from me, and made off with it; Gowlett had it in his hand—while this was going on Mathews came up and Hunt struck him—I gave information to die police—this is the coat (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>); I had bought it out right—he did not take the waistcoat—my eye was bad for more than a week, and I lost a neat deal of blood.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Hunt.</hi> I might have drank out of your beer after I bought the coat—you knocked me down, and Gowlett took the coat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gowlett.</hi> You did not strike me—I only noticed you two—there were others on the bridge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I carried the coat on my arm, and put the waistcoat in ray fish basket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-61" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-61" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MATHEWS</persName> </hi>. I am a boatman—on 2nd May I was in the Swan and Bottle between five and six o'clock, and saw Herbert there—the two prisoners came in—Hunt had a coat for sale and a waistcoat afterwards—ho sold them to Herbert for 3s. 6d.—they went out, and I followed them on to the bridge—they came up together, and Hunt said he meant having the b——coat—Herbert said he would give it to him if he would give him the money—Hunt knocked him down and took the coat away, and gave me a blow—they were both together pulling the coat, which was in a strap; they went away with it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Hunt.</hi> I drank out of your beer—there was only one pot—I was not the worse for drink—Herbert went out first, and I followed him—you struck me with your fist; we were scuffling together over the jacket.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gowlett.</hi> There were only us four on the bridge—I was no worse for drink than I am now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-62" type="surname" value="GODFREY"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-62" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GODFREY</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer—on 4th May, between five and six o'clock, I was in the Wagon and Horses public-house—the prisoners came in; they were strangers to me—they said they were hard up—Hunt pulled his coat off, and I bought it for 2s.—I afterwards handed it to the police—they said they were going to work, and would give me 4s. for it back again.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-63" type="surname" value="WHITLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-63" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHITLETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector F</hi>). On 10th May, after making inquiries, I went to Chaltham St. Peters, about six miles from Uxbridge, and found the two prisoners coming along the road—I charged them with assault and robbery—they both said it was false—the coat was handed to me on the 12th.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230015"/>
<hi rend="italic">Both prisoners said before the Magistrate:</hi> "We were all drinking together, and were the worse for drink, and did not know what we were doing."
<hi rend="italic">They repeated the same statement in their defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-546-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-546-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-546-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUNT</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at Clerkenwell on August</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1884.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-546-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-546-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-546-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-546-18920523 t18920523-546-punishment-10"/>Sixteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GOWLETT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-546-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-546-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-546-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-546-18920523 t18920523-546-punishment-11"/>One Day's Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder,'</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18920523-547" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-547-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-547-18920523 t18920523-547-offence-1 t18920523-547-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-547-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-547-18920523 t18920523-547-offence-1 t18920523-547-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-547-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-547-18920523 t18920523-547-offence-2 t18920523-547-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-547-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-547-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-547-18920523" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-547-18920523" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-547-18920523" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES CLARK</hi> (61)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-547-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-547-18920523" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-547-18920523" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-547-18920523" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def2-547-18920523" type="given" value="JULIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JULIA CLARK</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-547-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-547-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-547-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, For forging and uttering two cheques for £5 and £2, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18920523-547-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-547-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-547-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>for unlawfully obtaining money by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES CLARK</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-547-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-547-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-547-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> also to a conviction at Bristol in December, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-547-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-547-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-547-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-547-18920523 t18920523-547-punishment-12"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. F. GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence against Julia Clark.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-547-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-547-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-547-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18920523-548" type="date" value="18920523"/>
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<persName id="def1-548-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-548-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-548-18920523" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-548-18920523" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-548-18920523" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MAY</hi> (56)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-548-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-548-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-548-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-548-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-548-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-548-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to embezzling £16 18s. 9d., received as servant to
<persName id="t18920523-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-67" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-67" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-548-offence-1 t18920523-name-67"/>Stephen Warren</persName> and Co., his masters;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18920523-548-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-548-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-548-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to falsifying the books of the said firm.— </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-548-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-548-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-548-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-548-18920523 t18920523-548-punishment-13"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-16">
<interp inst="t18920523-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-16" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18920523 t18920523-16-offence-1 t18920523-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-18920523" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18920523" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18920523" type="given" value="ADA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADA OSBORNE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18920523-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, to a libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18920523-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-69" type="surname" value="WICKS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-69" type="given" value="ADA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-16-offence-1 t18920523-name-69"/>Ada Wicks</persName>.— </rs>
<rs id="t18920523-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-16-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-16-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-16-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18920523 t18920523-16-punishment-14"/>To enter into her own recognisance to appear for judgment if called upon.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-550">
<interp inst="t18920523-550" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-550" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-550-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-550-18920523 t18920523-550-offence-1 t18920523-550-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-550-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-550-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-550-18920523" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-550-18920523" type="surname" value="LUCAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-550-18920523" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER LUCAS</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-550-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-550-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-550-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining 3s. from
<persName id="t18920523-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-71" type="surname" value="PINK"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-71" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-550-offence-1 t18920523-name-71"/>Ellen Pink</persName> by false pretences, and 3s. from other persons.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-72" type="surname" value="PINK"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-72" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN PINK</persName> </hi>. I live at 25, Dancers Hill, South Minims—on 4th January the prisoner called at my house—he gave the name of King, and said he was travelling for the Sunlight Soap Company—he asked if I knew the firm, and if I had had any of their soap—I said yes, I used it—he said they had been so successful with soap that they were going in for tea, and by way of advertisement they were going to give a dinner service to purchasers of a pound of their tea—I asked if it was to be a whole service—he said no; it would be a service of twelve dinner plates, twelve pudding plates, three meat dishes, and two vegetable dishes—I was satisfied with that—he said the prizes would only go on for that week, and he wanted the names to go into the firm that day—I believed his statement, and gave him 3s. for a pound of the tea—he gave me this ticket for the prize—I tried the tea directly he left, and found it very inferior—the dinner service never arrived—I saw no more of the prisoner till I picked him out at the Police-station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I am positive you represented yourself as a traveller for the Sunlight Soap Company—you did not mention the name of Lever Brothers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-73" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-73" type="surname" value="CROSSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-73" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE CROSSLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 24, Dancers Hill, next door to Mrs. Pink's—on 4th January the prisoner came and asked me if I knew of the Sunlight Soap—I said. "Yes, I always use it"—he said, "Do you find it very good?"—I said, "Yes"—he said he was travelling with tea at 3s. a pound, and if I purchased a pound of this tea I should have a dinner service on the following day—he said they had such a demand for soap</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230016"/>
<p>that they were going in for tea—I said I would wait till next week—he said it was for this week only, and I should be sorry if I did not have it now—I believed his statement, and gave him 3s., and he gave me this card—the dinner service never arrived.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You offered me the dinner service merely for the sale of 3s. worth of tea, and I quite believed I should get it—you did not ask me to recommend the tea—you asked me what pattern I should like—I chose the pheasant pattern.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-74" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-74" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-74" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>. I live at 19, Dancers Hill—on 4th January the prisoner called on me; he said he was travelling for the Sunlight Soap Company, and they were going to start tea, and if I would take a pound of it I should have a dinner service next day—I said I could do with a pound' of tea—he asked what pattern I should like—I said the white marked with blue—I gave him 3s., and he gave me these two tickets—I believed I was going to get the dinner service.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You asked me to recommend the tea to my friends—I did not do so; it was no good—I generally pay 2s. for my tea.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-75" type="surname" value="SALOMON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-75" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND SALOMON</persName> </hi>. I am London manager to Lever Brothers, at Paul's Wharf, Upper Thames Street—their principal factory is at Port Sunlight, Birkenhead—they have very largely advertised their soap—we. gave prizes last year and the year before—we received several complaints from different parts of the country of persons going about the country making representations—in consequence of that we communicated with the police—the prisoner is not connected with us in the slightest degree—he had no authority to say we were embarking in tea or giving dinner services.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The complaints we received were from different parts of the country; not connected with you—we are not bringing those things against you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-76" type="surname" value="BRADBROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-76" type="given" value="JOSIAH"/>JOSIAH BRADBROOK</persName> </hi>. I am a sergeant of the Criminal Investigation Department at Barnet—a warrant was issued for the prisoner's arrest on 21st March last—a description of him was circulated in the
<hi rend="italic">Police Gazette</hi>—on the 6th May I had information as to his being detained at Brentwood—I went there and saw him—I read the warrant to him; it charged him with obtaining 3s. from Miss Pink—he made no reply—I took him to Barnet, and he was identified by the witnesses—he said, "All I have done I have done innocently; I did not know I was offending against the law"—he was carrying this black bag; it contained ten packets of tea and some prize-tickets—when charged he gave the name of Walter Lucas, of 218, New Kent Road—I found that to be correct.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I only plead guilty to one clause, viz., selling this tea under the name of the Sunlight. I am absolutely ignorant of offending against the law. I deny having said I was a traveller or agent to Messrs. Lever. Possibly these ladies may have misconstrued my words. I intended giving these prizes away; but business was not so brisk as I expected, and it fell away, and did not return. It is my first false step.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-550-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-550-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-550-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-550-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-550-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-550-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-550-18920523 t18920523-550-punishment-15"/>Six Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-551">
<interp inst="t18920523-551" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-551" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-551-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-551-18920523 t18920523-551-offence-1 t18920523-551-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-551-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-551-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-551-18920523" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-551-18920523" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN OSBORNE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18920523-551-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-551-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-551-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Indecent assault on
<persName id="t18920523-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-78" type="surname" value="DUFFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-78" type="given" value="LILIAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-551-offence-1 t18920523-name-78"/>Lilian Duffield</persName> and two other persons.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. C. F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-551-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-551-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-551-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-551-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-551-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-551-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-551-18920523 t18920523-551-punishment-16"/>Four Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230017"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-552">
<interp inst="t18920523-552" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-552" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-552-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-552-18920523 t18920523-552-offence-1 t18920523-552-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-552-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-552-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-552-18920523" type="age" value="69"/>
<interp inst="def1-552-18920523" type="surname" value="DREWE"/>
<interp inst="def1-552-18920523" type="given" value="HORACE GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HORACE GEORGE DREWE</hi> (69)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-552-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-552-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-552-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-552-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-552-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-552-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to uttering a forged order for £25, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18920523-552-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-552-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-552-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-552-18920523 t18920523-552-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-20">
<interp inst="t18920523-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-20" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18920523 t18920523-20-offence-1 t18920523-20-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-20-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18920523 t18920523-20-offence-2 t18920523-20-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-20-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18920523" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18920523" type="surname" value="COOMBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18920523" type="given" value="GODFREY MITCHELL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GODFREY MITCHELL COOMBS</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> to two indictments for embezzling £6 10s. and £7 10s. of
<persName id="t18920523-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-81" type="surname" value="REEKS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-81" type="given" value="CHARLES FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-20-offence-1 t18920523-name-81"/>Charles Frederick Reeks</persName>, his master, </rs>and to
<rs id="t18920523-20-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-20-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-20-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>three indictments for forging and uttering endorsements to cheques for £7 10s., £15, and £6 10s.—</rs>
<rs id="t18920523-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-20-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-20-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-20-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18920523 t18920523-20-punishment-18"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-554">
<interp inst="t18920523-554" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-554" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-554-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-554-18920523 t18920523-554-offence-1 t18920523-554-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-554-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-554-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-18920523" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-18920523" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-18920523" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD MURPHY</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-554-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-554-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-554-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery, with violence, on
<persName id="t18920523-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-83" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-83" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-554-offence-1 t18920523-name-83"/>Edward Thomas</persName>, and stealing a watch chain and £2, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-84" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-84" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD THOMAS</persName> </hi>. I am a ship's fireman., and lire at the Sailors' Home, Well Street—on 18th May, about 8.30, I was in a street at the back of the Sailors' Home; the prisoner came up and said, "How do you do, mate?"—I said, "I am all right"—I had never seen him before—he asked if I was going to have a drink—I said, "Yes," and he took me to 2, Pinching Street, where two fellows attacked me—the prisoner and one of them rifled my pockets while another held me by my neck from behind, to prevent my screaming—after they had robbed me they knocked me down on the pavement and ran away—my silver watch and chain were taken and £1 10s. in gold, which was loose in this pocket, and ten shillings in silver in another pocket—I informed the police, and swore to the prisoner the same night by his clothes—he was not put with others—it is not true that the prisoner was knocked down—he put his hands in my pockets, but he was not the one who hit me—I was standing up when they robbed me, and they gave me two digs and knocked me down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-85" type="surname" value="DOWLAN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-85" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DOWLAN</persName> </hi> (196
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On 18th May, about nine p.m., Thomas complained to me at Leonard Street Station, and described the prisoner—I saw him passing in the street and called Thomas' attention to him—he said, "That is the man who robbed me," and gave him in custody—that was about 9.40—I took him to the station—when the charge was read over to him he said, "The first place I met this young man in was Cable Street; he asked me if I was in the home; I said, 'No; are you staying there?' He said, 'Yes.' We went away to have a drink, and I know no more till I was knocked down."—Thomas was sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. I saw a lump on the top of Thomas' head on the left side—there was no dirt on his clothes as if he had been knocked down or on the prisoner's clothes—the pavement was dry.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence:</hi> I can swear I did not hit him. I was knocked down. I am a fireman, the same as he is; it is not likely I should rob a man in the same way as myself.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-554-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-554-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-554-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-554-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-554-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-554-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-554-18920523 t18920523-554-punishment-19"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-555">
<interp inst="t18920523-555" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-555" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-555-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-555-18920523 t18920523-555-offence-1 t18920523-555-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-555-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-555-18920523 t18920523-555-offence-1 t18920523-555-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-555-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-555-18920523 t18920523-555-offence-1 t18920523-555-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-555-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-555-18920523 t18920523-555-offence-1 t18920523-555-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-555-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-555-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-18920523" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-18920523" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-18920523" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE COOPER</hi> (17)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-555-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-555-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-555-18920523" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def2-555-18920523" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def2-555-18920523" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY STEVENS</hi>(15)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-555-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-555-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-555-18920523" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def3-555-18920523" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="def3-555-18920523" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD NEWMAN</hi> (14)</persName>, and
<persName id="def4-555-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-555-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-555-18920523" type="age" value="13"/>
<interp inst="def4-555-18920523" type="surname" value="CROOK"/>
<interp inst="def4-555-18920523" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT CROOK</hi> (13)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-555-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-555-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-555-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Unlawfully placing upon the metals of the
<persName id="t18920523-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-90" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-555-offence-1 t18920523-name-90"/>London and South-Western Railway</persName> a quantity of stones and bricks and a pail, with intent to endanger the passengers.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BUTLER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-91" type="surname" value="GUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-91" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GUNN</persName> </hi>. I live at Eupatoria, Hounslow, and am a gentleman of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230018"/>
<p>independent means—from my garden I can see a level crossing known as Colonel Murray's crossing—I saw the four prisoners throwing old kettles and various things which were in a ditch, on to the metals previous to the down train coming at 5.53; they then ran and placed something on the metals, and two of them ran into the fog signal box and two into the ditch—I was in my conservatory, and as the train passed I heard something cracking—after the train passed the prisoners went on to the metals to see what damage had been done; they placed something else on the metals, and ran to the same place till a second train passed, and then ran to see what had been done—I went the back way to the station, and complained to the station-master.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My conservatory is about thirty yards from the spot—my garden is separated from the railway by a fence and a lane and a holly hedge on my side about four feet high—I could not see what the prisoners were putting on the line, but I could see something about the size of my double fist—I was not in the conservatory when the second train passed; I was outside—I went out and got nearer after the first train passed, but I could not see whether the things were on the metals or close to them—they put down four pieces—I had seen the prisoners there before—I did not hear them say that they had been playing at buttons, and put them on the line to be flattened—I had to go four or five hundred yards to the station—I only saw one old pail there, which is used for the signal-man; that was found close to the metals.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The cracking noise I heard may have been the kettle; it was not like a button being run over—I saw a piece of fire-brick off the engine; the piece close to the metals was four inches square and five inches thick—after I got to the station I saw them putting something before a third train.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-92" type="surname" value="MANSFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-92" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR MANSFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am station-master at Hounslow—on 2nd May, About 5.50, Mr. Gunn came and made a communication to me—I Went to the crossing, and when I was about 400 yards from it I saw the four prisoners apparently putting something on the line—I secured Stevens and Cooper, and handed them to a policeman; the other two ran away—I found on the crossing some pieces of brick and cement, an old pail, and some clinkers—the pail was close to the line, and had been crushed—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I had seen it before; it belonged to the fogman, and was kept in his hut, close to the level crossing—the bricks were so close to the metals that the flange of the engine would strike them—one piece of brick appeared to be a little chipped by the engine—when charged, Cooper said that the little boys did it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not lay my hands on any of the boys; I had not the chance—the porter grasped Cooper and another, and said, "Why are you putting things on the rail?"—one said, "I did not do it," and Cooper said, "I did not do it; I will tell who did it"—the porter said, "Then you had better tell the station-master"—he then said that Crook and Newman placed the obstruction on the line—they had run away—I saw them before the Magistrate the next morning—the pail had been by the hut since the foggy weather, and probably before—it was intact before this, but it was disused.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It could be used for putting fire in when I saw it last.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-93" type="surname" value="HEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-93" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HEAD</persName> </hi>. I am a railway porter at Hounslow Station—on 2nd May, about 5.40, I went to this level crossing and saw the four prisoners</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230019"/>
<p>running backwards and forwards across the line—they ran away when I went up; I ran after them and caught Cooper and Stevens—Stevens refused to walk to the station, and a gentleman let me put him into his trap—the ticket-taker took Cooper to the station—I saw the two trains come through, and attended both of them on the platform—there were passengers in them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I said to Stevens, "Come back to the station with me"—he said, "I shan't"—I said, "You will have to come some way or other"—he started kicking—a gentleman came by with a horse and trap, and I asked him to give us a lift, but I had to strap Stevens' legs before he got in, to stop his kicking—I took him to the railway station and fetched a constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-94" type="surname" value="CLAEK"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-94" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL CLAEK</persName> </hi> (152
<hi rend="italic">J</hi>). On 2nd May, about 6.30, I was called to Hounslow Station, and Stevens and Cooper were given into my custody—they said, going to the station, that it was not them; it was Crook and Newman—I found on Stevens four linch-pins, similar to those used for connecting points.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I got to the station the station-master told me he wanted to give Stevens and Cooper in custody for placing bricks and an old pail on the line—on the road Stevens said, "It was not us; it was Crook"—Cooper said, "It was not us"—the two little boys were brought to the station by another constable—neither of them said that he had been smashing these pins on the railway—Cooper lives with his parents; his father is a night watchman at the powder mills, and is a very respectable man—Crook's parents are very respectable; they keep a small dairy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-95" type="surname" value="PLOUGHMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-95" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PLOUGHMAN</persName> </hi> (619
<hi rend="italic">T</hi>). On 2nd May I saw Newman and Crook at Hounslow; I said "Holloa, where are you going?" they said they were going home—I said, "You are wanted with two lads in custody, for placing obstructions on the railway"; they both said "Stevens did it"; I took them to the station at 11p.m.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-555-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-555-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-555-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">strongly recommended</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEWMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CROOK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to mercy, and they
<rs id="t18920523-555-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-555-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-555-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-555-18920523 t18920523-555-punishment-20"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-555-18920523 t18920523-555-punishment-20"/>entered into recognisances to appear for judgment when called upon.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEVENS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOPER</hi>
<rs id="t18920523-555-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-555-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-555-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Guilty]</rs>
<rs id="t18920523-555-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-555-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-555-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-555-18920523 t18920523-555-punishment-21"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-555-18920523 t18920523-555-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grantham.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18920523-556" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-556" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-556-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-556-18920523 t18920523-556-offence-1 t18920523-556-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-556-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-556-18920523" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-18920523" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-18920523" type="surname" value="CAIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-18920523" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUISA CAIN</hi> (23)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18920523-556-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-556-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-556-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the wilful murder of a male child, born of her body, and not named.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-556-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-556-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-556-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>GUILTY of concealment of the birth.—</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-556-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-556-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-556-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-556-18920523 t18920523-556-punishment-22"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-557">
<interp inst="t18920523-557" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-557" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-557-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-557-18920523 t18920523-557-offence-1 t18920523-557-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-557-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-557-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-18920523" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-18920523" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-18920523" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY TAYLOR</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-557-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-557-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-557-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, for a rape on
<persName id="t18920523-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-98" type="surname" value="EDMUNDS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-98" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-557-offence-1 t18920523-name-98"/>Elizabeth Edmunds</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-99" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-99" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-99" type="given" value="THORNE"/>MR. THORNE COLE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prosecutrix did not appear.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-557-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-557-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-557-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-558">
<interp inst="t18920523-558" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-558" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-558-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-558-18920523 t18920523-558-offence-1 t18920523-558-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-558-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-558-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-18920523" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-18920523" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-18920523" type="given" value="WILLIAM FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FRANK WATTS</hi> (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-558-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-558-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-558-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Feloniously sending to
<persName id="t18920523-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-101" type="surname" value="YEO"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-101" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-558-offence-1 t18920523-name-101"/>Harry Yeo</persName> a letter threatening to accuse him of an abominable crime, with intent to extort money.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230020"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MACKLIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-558-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-558-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-558-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-558-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-558-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-558-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-558-18920523 t18920523-558-punishment-23"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1092.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18920523-559" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-559" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-559-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-559-18920523 t18920523-559-offence-1 t18920523-559-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-559-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-559-18920523 t18920523-559-offence-2 t18920523-559-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-559-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-559-18920523 t18920523-559-offence-3 t18920523-559-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-559-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-559-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18920523" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18920523" type="surname" value="BROOK"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18920523" type="given" value="JAMES HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HENRY BROOK</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-559-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-559-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-559-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-559-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-559-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-559-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing £2 10s., the money of
<persName id="t18920523-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-103" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-103" type="surname" value="MADDISON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-103" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-559-offence-1 t18920523-name-103"/>Ellen Maddison</persName>;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18920523-559-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-559-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-559-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing £5, the money of
<persName id="t18920523-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-104" type="surname" value="REA"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-104" type="given" value="CHARLES FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-559-offence-2 t18920523-name-104"/>Charles Frederick Rea</persName>,</rs> and
<rs id="t18920523-559-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-559-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-559-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing £2 5s., the money of
<persName id="t18920523-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-105" type="surname" value="FOGWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-105" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-559-offence-3 t18920523-name-105"/>John Fogwell</persName></rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-559-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-559-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-559-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-559-18920523 t18920523-559-punishment-24"/>Ten Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-560">
<interp inst="t18920523-560" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-560" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-560-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-560-18920523 t18920523-560-offence-1 t18920523-560-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-560-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-560-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18920523" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18920523" type="surname" value="CAREY"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18920523" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD CAREY</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-560-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-560-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-560-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, To committing an act of gross indecency with
<persName id="t18920523-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-107" type="surname" value="BALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-107" type="given" value="HORACE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-560-offence-1 t18920523-name-107"/>Horace Ballard</persName></rs>
<rs id="t18920523-560-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-560-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-560-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-560-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-560-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-560-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-560-18920523 t18920523-560-punishment-25"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-28">
<interp inst="t18920523-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-28" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-18920523 t18920523-28-offence-1 t18920523-28-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-28-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18920523" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18920523" type="surname" value="TISSHAW"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18920523" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY TISSHAW</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, To a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18920523-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-109" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-109" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-28-offence-1 t18920523-name-109"/>Thomas Fisher</persName>, and stealing a ring and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t18920523-name-110" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-110" type="surname" value="GLOVER"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-110" type="given" value="AMY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-28-offence-1 t18920523-name-110"/>Amy Glover</persName></rs>
<rs id="t18920523-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-28-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-28-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-28-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-18920523 t18920523-28-punishment-26"/>Six Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-562">
<interp inst="t18920523-562" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-562" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-562-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-562-18920523 t18920523-562-offence-1 t18920523-562-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-562-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-562-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18920523" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18920523" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18920523" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY STEVENS</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-562-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-562-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-562-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, Stealing a gelding, cart, set of harness, and fourteen chests of tea, the property of
<persName id="t18920523-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-112" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-112" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-562-offence-1 t18920523-name-112"/>Charles Webster</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, Receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROACH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-113" type="surname" value="BRADY"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-113" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BRADY</persName> </hi>. I am carman to Charles Webster, a carman, of 85, Camden Road, Bow—on 2nd May I left there with a horse and cart laden with fourteen chests of tea, covered with a sheet, to take to Clyde Wharf—when I got to Nightingale Lane, a quarter of a mile oft about half-past five, I found the traffic blocked—I drew up on the near side, and went into a urinal thirty yards off, leaving a friend of mine, Benjamin Doyle, in charge of the cart—when I came back after two or three minutes I found the cart gone, and Doyle too; I have not seen him since—I went to the Police-station about half-past eight, and then to my employer about ten—I gave Doyle's address, 50, Christian Street, to the constable—I used to work for Mr. Nelsen; I had been discharged—it took me ten minutes or a quarter of an hour to get to the place where I lost the cart.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I left my cart at the corner of Nightingale Lane, opposite the public-house—a lot of men, as a rule, stand there waiting for employment—I did not see you there, nor anybody like you—I do not know you; I never saw you before I saw you in custody—Doyle does not resemble you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He might be like the prisoner; he has a widish nose and is a pale chap, but he was not lame in any way—it was about half-past five when I lost my cart—I tried to find the cart and the man I left in charge of it, but could not—I have not heard of him since—Clinton Road is about three miles from Nightingale Road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. I picked my friend up in Tower Hill, not more than three minutes after I started—he used occasionally to work for our firm; he used to come with me when I took out casks of beer, on which I am allowed 3d. per cask to get help with—we take anybody we like—I said to Doyle, "You might look after the cart while I am gone."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-114" type="surname" value="CHAFF"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-114" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CHAFF</persName> </hi> (161
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). On 2nd May I was on duty in Clinton Road, Mile End—I saw a horse and cart standing there, loaded with some boxes with a sheet over them; they were shifted back, so that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230021"/>
<p>they almost tipped the horse up—with the assistance of a ticket collector we shifted the boxes forward—the prisoner came up and said, "What's the matter, governor? Who has been interfering with my load?"—it was about seven; it was not dark—I told him what I had done, and asked him if he was the carman—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Do you work for Webster?" (I saw that name on the sheet and on the harness)—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Have you any papers to show you are the carman?"—he said, "No, I was taking them to Webster's yard and wanted no papers"—I was satisfied with his replies; he drove away in the direction of Bow, and in the direction of Webster's—I followed some way, and, as he kept looking back, I thought it suspicious, and held up my hand and called to him to stop; instead of doing so he lashed the horse into a gallop—I gave chase, but lost sight of him; there was no other vehicle about—I informed Mr. Webster at the time, and he was satisfied that everything was all right; but afterwards he found that it was stolen, and I gave a description to Detective-Sergeant Pearce, and on the following Sunday morning, 8th May, I was called to Leman Street Police-station, and identified the prisoner from eight or nine men, first by his features, and then I called him out and asked him to walk to see if he was lame, as the man with the cart was lame; the prisoner is lame—I was three or four minutes making inquiries of him—I have not the slightest doubt he is the man I saw in charge of the cart.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When you drove away from me you had 500 yards start of me, and I lost sight of you—I gave a description of you—I knew on the Sunday I was coming to identify a man who had stolen the horse and cart; I was not told you were a lame man—you were placed with a lot of other men—I was not talking to Thompson previous to his coming in there—he did not tell me to say I recognised you not only by being a cripple, but by your features.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I never said the prisoner was the man till he walked.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ABRAHAM</hi> Low. I am manager to Mr. Webster, carman, of Camden Road—I was there on Monday, 2nd May, at five minutes to five when the horse and cart went out in charge of Brady, laden with fourteen chests of tea, value £113—Brady came back without the horse or cart about ten o'clock—I have not seen the tea since, but the horse and cart have been recovered—I do not know the prisoner; he had no authority to be on our cart—I know Doyle; Brady had no authority to leave the cart with him, nor to take him up—Doyle had been with us some three months, and had been discharged about six weeks at this time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This is a very good horse indeed; I should say he could go nine or ton miles an hour—Brady has been with us some three months.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-115" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-115" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM THOMPSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H</hi>). A communication was made to me with regard to this robbery, and a description was circulated in the police information—I made a search, and on Sunday, 8th May, I arrested the prisoner at 21, Grace's Alley, St. George's East, about three minutes' walk from where the cart was taken—I said, "I shall take you into custody on suspicion of being concerned with others in stealing a horse, van, and load of tea from Mr. Webster on 2nd May"—he said, "I don't know what you mean; I think you have made a mistake"—I said, "You will have to come along with me"—he said, "Not me"—he got</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230022"/>
<p>up, and let a largo bulldog loose that was chained to the fireplace in the room where he was—Detective Cole, in company with me, beat the dog off with his stick, and it took four constables to get the prisoner out of the room and downstairs; dog and man were both on us—when he got into the street he said, "I will go quietly," and he did so—he was placed among eight other men, and Chaff identified him; he looked round and touched the prisoner, and then the prisoner was asked by the Inspector to move out, and he moved; and then Chaff said, "That is the man"—he also said so before—the prisoner made no answer to the charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not outside in the passage with Chaff—there were no other lame men there; they all resembled you in size and height—you were sitting in a very small room when we rushed up to your place—the dog was chained up short; you did not unchain it; you tried to do so—I have since ascertained you had not had the dog in your possession for an hour—I did not slide you down the stairs.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-116" type="surname" value="BUNDLE"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-116" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BUNDLE</persName> </hi>. I am a dock labourer—I live at 12, Queen Street, Tower—on Monday, 2nd May, when I had done work I went to the Rising Sun, Royal Mint Street, with Donoghue, Harry Connor, and my brother—you were then with Rose, Wagg, Cockney, and your brother—that was about half-past five—you stopped till half-past eight, when I left—you did not leave the house during that time; you were by the side of the bagatelle board taking the scores—you were there when I went away with Donoghue.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Since 2nd May, the last day of the sale, I have been working by the water-side—the 2nd May was Monday—I frequently go into that public-house; I do not frequently meet the prisoner there—I remember that Monday because it was the last day of the wool sale—my brother and the other men are dock labourers—the prisoners brother is not here now; I believe he got into a bit of trouble through having a drop of drink.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Nightingale Lane is four or five minutes' walk from Royal Mint Street—I was not before the Magistrate; I am told I was called there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-117" type="surname" value="DONOGHUE"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-117" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DONOGHUE</persName> </hi>. I am a dock labourer living at 2, King Street, Tower Hill—on Monday, 2nd May. I went into the Rising Sun with the Bundles, Connors, and Randall, who I believe is a relation of Connor's wife—I saw you there with two seafaring chaps, to all appearance; your brother was there—it was 5.25—I and Randall went away at halfpast eight, leaving you there—you had not been out while I was there—you were in the bagatelle-room taking scores—you might have walked out to the back and come back.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We left off work at five, and were paid by quarterpast five, and got to the Rising Sun at twenty-five minutes past five—the prisoner could not have gone out into the street while I was there—I could not see what he was doing—I looked at the Rising Sun clock when I left, and it was five minutes past—I came out with Robert Bundle—I knew the prisoner by his using the house and working in the docks—I first heard he was in trouble on the Saturday following this Monday, as I came from Leytonstone Road, between 9 and 10 p.m.—I did not go before the Magistrate—I do not know he was not arrested till one o'clock on the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230023"/>
<p>Sunday morning—his brother told me he was in trouble; that was at eight or nine on the evening of the day before he was arrested.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It was not the Saturday, but the Sunday that I heard of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-118" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-118" type="given" value="HARRIETT"/>HARRIETT STEVENS</persName> </hi>. I am married to a seafaring man—I live at 21, Great Hermitage Street, Wapping—I am your mother—on the night of 2nd May you came home between half-past eight and a quarter to nine—I made you some tea because you had had a drop too much to drink, and you stopped till nearly eleven, and then you went away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't know where he had been before 8.30—he said he had been with his brother.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, denied all knowledge of the robbery.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-562-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-562-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-562-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-563">
<interp inst="t18920523-563" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-563" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-563-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-18920523 t18920523-563-offence-1 t18920523-563-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-563-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-563-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-18920523" type="surname" value="SOUTEE"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-18920523" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SOUTEE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18920523-563-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-563-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-563-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-563-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-563-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-563-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully and maliciously publishing a false and defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18920523-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-120" type="surname" value="IRESON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-120" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-563-offence-1 t18920523-name-120"/>Mary Ann Ireson</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-563-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-563-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-563-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-18920523 t18920523-563-punishment-27"/>Discharged on recognisances.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-564">
<interp inst="t18920523-564" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-564" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-564-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-564-18920523 t18920523-564-offence-1 t18920523-564-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-564-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-564-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18920523" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18920523" type="given" value="SIDNEY ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIDNEY ARTHUR ROSE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18920523-564-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-564-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-564-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Obtaining £20 worth of goods on credit, he being an undischarged bankrupt.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-564-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-564-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-564-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-565">
<interp inst="t18920523-565" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-565" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-565-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-18920523 t18920523-565-offence-1 t18920523-565-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-565-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-565-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18920523" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18920523" type="surname" value="HOWLETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18920523" type="given" value="HENRY NORMAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY NORMAN HOWLETT</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-565-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-565-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-565-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-565-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-565-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-565-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully uttering a forged certificate of character, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">His father undertook to send him abroad.—
<rs id="t18920523-565-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-565-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-565-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-18920523 t18920523-565-punishment-28"/>To enter into recognisances to appear for judgment when called upon.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-566">
<interp inst="t18920523-566" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-566" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-566-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-566-18920523 t18920523-566-offence-1 t18920523-566-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-566-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-566-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18920523" type="surname" value="BRETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18920523" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JOHN BRETT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18920523-566-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-566-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-566-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-566-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-566-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-566-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a rug and other articles of
<persName id="t18920523-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-124" type="surname" value="KAHN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-124" type="given" value="EDMOND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-566-offence-1 t18920523-name-124"/>Edmond Kahn</persName>, his master.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-567">
<interp inst="t18920523-567" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-567" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-567-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-567-18920523 t18920523-567-offence-1 t18920523-567-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-567-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-567-18920523 t18920523-567-offence-1 t18920523-567-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-567-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-567-18920523 t18920523-567-offence-1 t18920523-567-verdict-3"/>
<persName id="def1-567-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-567-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18920523" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18920523" type="surname" value="BRETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18920523" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JOHN BRETT</hi> (21)</persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted, with
<persName id="def2-567-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-567-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-567-18920523" type="age" value="67"/>
<interp inst="def2-567-18920523" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-567-18920523" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD LEWIS</hi> (67)</persName> and
<persName id="def3-567-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-567-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-567-18920523" type="age" value="51"/>
<interp inst="def3-567-18920523" type="surname" value="DEFRIES"/>
<interp inst="def3-567-18920523" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DEFRIES</hi> (51)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-567-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-567-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-567-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, for stealing ten pairs of curtains and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18920523-name-128" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-128" type="surname" value="KAHN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-128" type="given" value="EDMOND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-567-offence-1 t18920523-name-128"/>Edmond Kahn</persName>, the master of Brett, to which Brett</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-567-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-567-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-567-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIS</hi>, Q. C.,
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Lewis, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Defries.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-129" type="surname" value="BRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-129" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>HENRY JOHN BRETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner</hi>). I was twenty-one years old last February—I was in the employ of Mr. Kahn, a furniture dealer, of St. Andrew's Street, Holborn, as junior warehouseman till April 21, when I was given in custody; I made a statement when I was arrested, and I have pleaded guilty to-day to this indictment—in November, 1890,1 was in Messrs. Copestake's employment, and was introduced to Lewis as Mr. Fredericks, at 110, London Wall—I went there to borrow £4—I told him where I was employed, and he sent his son round to see that I was in the employment—I afterwards borrower other sums of £1 and 30s., and gave promissory notes, and paid them by instalments—I left Messrs. Copestake's in October, 1891, and went into employment in St. Paul's Churchyard, and from there to Messrs. Kahn's on February 9th this year—I sometimes</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230024"/>
<p>fell behind in my instalments, and Lewis wrote to me about it, but I burnt nearly every one of the letters—these are some of the receipts which I paid to Lewis (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—from the time I first borrowed money of him I never got out of his debt—he said if I did not pay on the day it was duo ho would take my salary from Hunt's—I had signed this paper to that effect. (
<hi rend="italic">Assigning his weekly salary to Lewis as security for the loan</hi>)—I left Hunt's on February 17th, and Lewis gave me this. (
<hi rend="italic">A notice to Messrs. Hunt, withdrawing his claim on the salary</hi>)—before that I had received this memorandum. (
<hi rend="italic">To the witness from J. Fredericks, enclosing receipt far</hi> £1,
<hi rend="italic">and stating that he should require a further payment on Saturday, or steps would be taken which he would regret.</hi>)—at the time I went into Mr. Kahn's employment, Lewis had my promissory note for about £8—I signed the last promissory note on February 20th—I got 25s. a week at Kahn's—Lewis knew that; he always inquired what my salary was before he advanced me the money—I paid him 5s. a week from the time I went to Kahn's—at the beginning of March I went to Lewis to tell him I was at Kahn's—he came to see me there, and said he wanted a suite of furniture re-covered, and asked if I could bring him some samples of something to London Wall to show him—I took round a sample of saddle-bag and of red velvet—he said he did not care for it; he liked silk tapestry—I took some samples of silk tapestry to him, and gave him Kahn's price, 13s.—he said he would settle the price after he had shown it to his daughter—I called soon after, and he gave me an order for 8 £ yards, and showed me the one he had selected, and said, "What are you going to charge me?"—I said, "I have told you the price, 13s."—he said, "It will not cost you anything, so you can let me have it for about half that price; I don't suppose you will be found out"—I then told him he could have it for 8s. a yard—he would not have it at that price, and we finally agreed that he should have it at 5s. a yard—his son, aged about twenty-six, was present at some of the conversations—on a Friday, between two and three o'clock, I took him 8 1/2 yards of tapestry which I had stolen from my employer; I cut it off and took it from the warehouse, and gave it to him—his son was with him—he looked at it and said, "That will do," and wrote a cheque for £2 2s. 6d.—his son went with me to the bank, and I went in and endorsed the cheque, and received the money—the son waited outside for me; I gave him two shillings for himself, and gave him the gold to give to his father—whenever I borrowed money it was usual to give something to the clerk; I have given him a half-crown on some occasions—after that Lewis wanted some lace curtains, and I sent him round two pairs, and told him the price would be six shillings a pair, as far as I could judge, but there was no ticket on them—that was Kahn's price—he gave me this card with a black corner (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) as the address to send them to, and I tied them up in paper and took them to the Great Western Railway Office, Holborn Circus, and sent them to 14, Beresford Road, Highbury New Park—he paid me 3s. 6d. for the two pairs—he said he was going to sell them to a friend, and that he wanted some more—I said, "We have not got any more of that kind"—he said, "Send me a sample of the nearest you have got to it"—I sent him a sample pair of Swiss curtains for which Kahn's price was 13s. 9d.; he paid me for them sometimes 3s. 6d., and sometimes 4s.—I sold him six pairs at 13s. 9d.—that went on till a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230025"/>
<p>week or ten days before I was arrested—when I told him I had no more at that price he said two pair, more were all he wanted—J told him 15s. 9d. was the nearest; he told me to send him two pairs, and I did so—he paid me 4s. for them; these are them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—after I had got all he said, "I don't suppose you will be found out, will you?"—he kept some of the money to pay my instalments—on 20th April Mr. Hallam spoke to me, and I went to London Wall with a detective the same day, and pointed out Lewis—his place is about a quarter of an hour's sharp walking from Mr. Kahn's place—I have known Defries getting on for three years—he has a second-hand clothes shop in Nile Street, Hoxton, four or five minutes' walk from my house—I told him on February 20th that I was employed at Kahn's, and should not require clothes any more—he asked me if I could send him something by Garter, Paterson, and Co., as he very often had things sent to him by them, and I could have the money when I called in the evening—I sent him two French rugs, for which Kahn's price was 13s. 9d. each; he gave me 5s. for the two—I afterwards sent him some silk curtains, price £5, for which he gave me sometimes 6s. and sometimes 10s.—I sent about three pairs direct to his house—I stopped sending them because he did not like the van driving up so often, and I sent some to my house, and he arranged what time he should meet me outside my house in the evening—he came there two or three times, and I brought down the parcels from upstairs which I had directed to my house, and gave them to him—they contained silk curtains—that went on up to, I think, the Tuesday before I was arrested—I recognise these silk curtains—Mr. Kahn's price for them is £5.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIS</hi>. I first saw Lewis on November 9th—I went there because a man named Kennedy sent me a cutting out of the
<hi rend="italic">Telegraph</hi>—I was at Copestake's about ten months, and before that at Rotherham's, of Shoreditch, and before that at Simpson's in Queen Victoria Street, a furnishing warehouse—before that I was apprenticed to a grocer in Powis Street, Woolwich—I was not in monetary difficulties in November, 1890, but I wanted £4—I may have borrowed a shilling before that—I was nineteen then—he asked my age, and I told him my exact age—I was nineteen in November, 1890—I never told him I was of age—he asked my salary—he did not tell me I should have to go before a Commissioner, but I went—I had no Testament put into my hand—he did not read the declaration over to me—this is my signature, but the paper was not read over to me before I signed it—I did not say I was a clerk at Copestake's at a salary of £45 per annum—I told them £35, with board and lodging free of expense, payable monthly. (
<hi rend="italic">This staled</hi>, "Income from all sources £45")—I had nothing but my salary—I was getting £35, and I wrote "£45"; I was to have £45 if I was there two months longer—I never borrowed of anyone but Mr. Lewis, but I have other debts; I used to have an account with my tailor—if I did not pay, Mr. Lewis was to give Messrs. Hunt my assignment of my salary, and he sent it to them in February, 1892—they did not dismiss me upon that; I had given them notice before—I told Mr. Lewis I was going to have some money when I came of age; I gave him a charge on the legacy, and he wrote to my aunt; she lives at Hemel Hempstead—I have told the jury the full and true account of my dealings with Lewis—I was committed for trial here from Guildhall—I wrote a note to the solicitor the night before last, and saw Mr. Wontner's clerk yesterday</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230026"/>
<p>and Inspector Denning, who had taken me to Mr. Lewis—two warders were also present—I was in Newgate—the interview lasted an hour before dinner, and two hours after—something was written down in my presence—it was about March 8th when Mr. Lewis first spoke to me about goods—I first sent goods to Defries about March 4th—he had asked me as far back as February 20th to send them, that was to steal them—I did not lead him to believe that I would; I had no intention in my mind to steal—I first had the intention to steal when Lewis asked me for goods—I used to pass Defries' place nearly every day going home from business, but had not spoken to him about sending him any goods before the day I sent them—I sent him the first goods in March; on March 4th I became a thief—the first parcel of my stolen goods went to Defries—I cannot remember whether I sent him another parcel on the 7th—I went on some little time, but I cannot remember the dates—I first sent him two rugs; that was my first theft—he gave me 6s. for one pair of curtains, and 10s. for another—I sent him six pairs of curtains altogether: three by Carter, Paterson and Co., and three delivered to him personally at my home—that is seven distinct acts of stealing from my employers—I sent goods to a man named Chandler, a bricklayer, about two days before I was arrested; I sent him a pair of silk curtains like these—Defries introduced him to me some months before, and told me that he sold what I brought him to Chandler—I met him in Defries' shop, and agreed to let him have a pair of those curtains, and he had two pairs—I stole them, and got 10s. a pair for them, and spent the money on myself—I never took anything from any of my employers before March this year—I was discharged for intemperance at Hunt's—I do not remember going to the Fountain public-house, City Road, but I have been at the Green Gate plenty of times—I have met White in Nile Street, City Road, but not is Defries' shop—it was when I was going to Defries'—I have only known White this year—he had a pair of curtains—I sent the parcel to 31, Windsor Terrace, City Road, by Carter, Paterson and Co., from the Great Western booking office, about a month before I was arrested—Defries introduced me to White—I also sent a pair of silk curtains to J. C. Wernheim, at some gardens in Bayswater, about the end of March; I got two guineas for them—the price was £5 at Kahn's, but he did not know that—nobody introduced me to him; it was through an advertisement—he sent me three postal orders, two for £1, and one for 2s.—I think I spent it on myself—I have never sent goods on other occasions, or sold anything at a public-house, or to a person I met there—I think I have seen that gentleman (
<hi rend="italic">Lewis</hi>'
<hi rend="italic">son</hi>) at Mr. Lewis house; I cannot say that I have seen him at his office—I do not remember seeiog any patterns on the table at Mr. Lewis' office which I had not let him have—I do not remember taking up some patterns in the presence of Lewis and his two sons, and saying that my people dealt in such goods—I never said, If you want anything like this I can got them cheaper for you than you can, and that it would benefit me, as I should get a commission"—I never knew that I was allowed to have goods if I paid for them; I never asked—on the day before I was arrested, a little before four o'clock. I met Mr. Hallam coming upstairs; I had a parcel in my hand containing a pair of curtains—I told Mr. Hallam that it was a rug—that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230027"/>
<p>was a lie—he is buyer and foreman to Mr. Kahn—I said that I was sending it home to my mother—that was another lie—he asked me if I had entered it, and I said yes, but I did not say, "Yes, in the appro. book"—Lewis told me he wanted the material to cover a suite of his furniture—I did not say that I had got a remnant—on Friday, the 11th, I brought the goods; I did not bring a pattern—I did not say that the pattern was a remnant of about 8 1/2 yards—Lewis did not say anything about haying curtains of the same pattern, but he said he should like a pair of the same, material—I said that the 8 1/2 yards would not be sufficient to coyer the suite and supply curtains—Lewis did not say in his son's presence that Swiss curtains would do as well, nor did I say that I would get some travellers' samples, which were only a little disturbed in the way of trade, and I could let him have a pair for 10s.; nothing of that kind took place—this pair of lace curtains have never been used as travellers' samples—young Lewis had lent me 1s. 6d. in the Angel public-house, and I gave him 3s. back for it the next day—I sent Lewis about five patterns of silk tapestry before I got the £2 2s. 6d.—I do not think I took him these patterns (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) three days after I got the cheque—I won't swear I did not—I did not say I had got 16 yards of that which I could let him have, which would do for the suite and curtains—this is proper material for covering the suite and for curtains—I took the 8 1/2 yards to his office, not to his home; I am sure of that—I sent him a table-cover—I stole that—this is the first time I have given evidence—the table-cover I sent him was not returned to me; he gave me half-acrown for it; the price of it was eight shillings—he also had two rugs; I don't recollect anything else—I sold him a pair of guipure curtains before April 4th; they were never returned to me—he had two rugs from me: I do not know the dates—I had not a rug in my possession on April 20th—nothing at all was ever returned to me—Defries sold the goods through Chandler, who was examined before the Magistrate and discharged—when I was arrested I told the police that I had sent goods to White—I did not, on the very day I was arrested, produce a parcel containing a rug; I showed Mr. Hallam a rug which I had returned from my house to the business premises, but I had not taken one out of the place—that was another lie.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. I have known Defries about three years—I sold two or three. secondhand suits to him—I sold him some on the Saturday before I entered Mr. Kahn's service, and he then for the first time suggested that I should bring him articles—he did not say "thieve," but he said it in such a way that I understood I was to steal them—I was shocked at the proposition, and he told me he bought stolen property—'he said, "You can send by Carter, Paterson's"—I refused to do anything of the kind—I first had an intention of stealing after my interview with Lewis in March—I was an honest young man up to that time—a detective came to me on the 21st, and brought a list of names from the booking-office, and said, "You have sent parcels to those persons?" and I said, "Yes"—the curtains I sold at 6s. and 10s. a pair were worth £5 a pair—I sold lace ones for 3s. 6d. and silk ones for 5F; and 5s. 6d.—Defries lives at St. Mary Axe—I owed him about £3—I only sold him two old suits—I am giving my evidence to day in the interests of justice—I do not expect to get a lighter sentence.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230028"/>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I was spoken to by the police I made a statement in the presence of the manager—Hunts gave me a character, upon which Mr. Kahn took me; I also gave Rotherhams, and Copestakes, as references—I was discharged from Hunt's, as I went there with another young fellow who had only been there three weeks, and we had taken too much—I was there three months, and at Copestake's two years.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. This document was supplied to me by Lewis; this "payable monthly" is not my writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-130" type="surname" value="DOBB"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-130" type="given" value="HENRY WILLIAM"/>HENRY WILLIAM DOBB</persName> </hi>. I am a surveyor, of 110, London Wall—I let Lewis a room on the second floor there, in the name of Edward Lewis—I do not know the date—some time afterwards he asked if I would allow him to put the name of Mr. Fredericks up, and I said, "Yes"; but Lewis was the only man I saw—I speak to the handwriting on some of the documents produced.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-131" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-131" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR HAWKINS</persName> </hi>.—I am cashier at the London Joint Stock Bank, Old Broad Street—Lewis had an account there in the name of Edward Lewis—on March 11th a cheque to Brett for £2 2s. 6d., drawn on Lewis, was cashed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-132" type="surname" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-132" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ARTHUR</persName> </hi>. I am employed at the Holborn Circus bookingoffice, Great Western Railway—I receive parcels and send them away—on 18th March I received a parcel from Brett to be sent to Lewis, of Highbury; another on April 4th, another on the 5th, and another on the 11th—on March 4th I received from Brett a parcel addressed to Defries, of Hoxton; another on the 7th, another on the 14th, addressed to Defries, City Road; and another on the 20th, for Defries, Shepherdess Walk; and on 23rd, 25th, and 28th March, parcels addressed to Brett, of the New North Road—all these entries are in my writing, and were handed by me to Carter, Paterson, and Co.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-133" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-133" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DOUGLAS</persName> </hi>. I am at the Goswell Road depot of Carter, Paterson, and Co.—on March 18th I received a parcel addressed to Lewis, of 14, Beresford Road, Highbury, and delivered it there on the 22nd; and others on April 4th, 5th, 6th, and 11th—I delivered them to a servant.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-134" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-134" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HOWARD</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of Carter, Paterson, and Co.—I received at the Goswell Road depot, some parcels addressed to Defries; I took them to the depot, where they were sent out for delivery.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-135" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-135" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN FOWLER</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of Carter, Paterson, and Co.—on 4th March I delivered a parcel to the prisoner Defries, at 49, Nile Street, and others on March 7th and 14th, and on April 20th—they are signed for by Defries.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-136" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-136" type="surname" value="BRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-136" type="given" value="ELIZA SARAH"/>ELIZA SARAH BRETT</persName> </hi>. I am the mother of the prisoner Brett—when the police came I went to his box and found some documents with the name of Fredericks on them; I handed them over to the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-137" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-137" type="surname" value="BRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-137" type="given" value="FLORENCE EMMA"/>FLORENCE EMMA BRETT</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of the last witness—I know Defries by sight—on Saturday afternoon, 26th March, I saw him outside my mother's house, a few doors down, between 2.30 and 3—I saw my brother go out of the house with a parcel and hand it to Defries.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-138" type="surname" value="HALLAM"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-138" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HALLAM</persName> </hi>. I am buyer and foreman to Edward Kahn, of St. Andrew Street, Holborn, furniture dealer—Brett entered their service in February as junior warehouseman—he had access to the stock—on 20th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230029"/>
<p>April I noticed him with a parcel in his hand, and spoke to him, and he answered me—he spoke to me again next day, and I went through some of the stock and missed some lace curtains—I communicated with the police and examined further, and missed seven pairs of silk curtains and eight yards of silk, and some guipure curtains—two pairs of the lace curtains were 16s. 7d., and two pairs 11s. 6d.—the silk ones are £5 a pair; this is a pair of them—the lace curtains had only come into stock in March, and the ticket was found upon them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIS</hi>. On 20th April, in the afternoon, I met, Brett on the stairs, and asked what he had got; he had a parcel under his arm—he said it was a rug he was sending home to his mother—I asked him what rug it was; he could not tell me; and I asked him if it was entered; he said, "Yes, in the appro. book"—I looked there and could not find it—that excited my suspicions—there is an objection to a young man having things for himself without the consent of myself or Mr. Middlemas—next day he produced to me a parcel which contained a rug—it was put back into stock—he told me it was the rug he had taken away on the previous day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-139" type="surname" value="DENNING"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-139" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL DENNING</persName> </hi>: (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>), On 21st April, about 11.30 a.m., I went to Mr. Kahn's, and saw Mr. Miroy, and Brett who made a statement to me, in consequence of which I went with him to 110, London Wall—the names of Mr. Fredericks and Mr. Lewis were on a plate—I left Brett outside with another officer, went into Lewis's office, told him who I was, and said, "The young man Brett is in custody for robbing his employers of lace curtains and other articles, and he alleges that you received several parcels containing lace curtains"—he said, "I have never received anything from him in my life"—I said, "He is downstairs; I shall send for him and confront him with you"—he said, "You can do as you like"—I sent for Brett, and said. "Is this Mr. Lewis?"—he said, "Yes; you have received two parcels of lace curtains from me"—Lewis said, "I remember receiving one pair; they are at my house"—Brett said, "You also received eight yards at 13s. a yard, and only gave me 5s., and paid me £2 2s. 6d. on the London Joint Stock Bank, and your son went with me, and I gave him 3s."—he said, "I deny it"—he was then given in custody for receiving ten pairs of curtains and a parcel of silk—on the way to the station he said, "I do not know whether it is more than two parcels I received"—I went to 14, Beresford Road, Highbury, and saw Mr. Lewis's son, and on the second floor, in a wardrobe, I found these lace curtains in a paper parcel behind some wearing apparel—I then went to Defries' shop in Nile Street, a secondhand outfitter's, and said to him, "Brett is in custody for robbing his employers, and he alleges that he sent you a parcel of silk ourtains, and a parcel previously"—he said, "I received a pair of curtains yesterday," and went upstairs and showed them to me—he said, "I know Brett; he has bought clothes of me"—he does not deal in curtains, it is all clothes—I took him to Snow Hill station, where he was charged, and said to Brett, "I have only received this parcel"—Brett said, "Yes, you have, and others"—Lewis said, "I repudiate the charge"—Defries said, "I have only received one parcel"—I went to Brett's house, and his mother handed me some receipts.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIS</hi>. It is usual to confront accused persons in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230030"/>
<p>that way, but I never took a prisoner with me before—Lewis did not say, "I never purchased so many in my life; I had one pair of him"—when Lewis' son came in he did not refer to the three shillings and say that it had been lent.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>. I found Brett detained by the manager—he gave me Defries' name and address, and told me that Defries had had two or three parcels.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for Lewis's defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-140" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-140" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD LEVY</persName> </hi>. I am a cabinetmaker and upholsterer, of 7, Newington Green Road, Balls Pond—I have been there eighteen months on my own account—before then I was a journeyman in the service of Mr. Emanuel, of Crown Street, Soho, for fourteen years, and I was apprenticed five years to him—the prisoner Lewis is my father, he lives at Highbury with my sister—my brother Bertie lives in St. Paul's Road—I sleep at 7, Newington Road; I used to have my breakfast, lunch, and dinner at home—my father has carried on business at London Wall for three or four years, but I was not concerned in it—the drawing-room furniture was moth-eaten; there were some small chairs and a couch, and two arm-chairs to cover, and I told my father in March to have them done before the warm weather set in; he said he would get some patterns at Rotherham's, and I called at his place in the City that day and saw some patterns of tapestry on the table; I looked at them, and the bell rang, and Brett came in; he spoke to my father; he took up one of them and said, "If you want any of these I can get them cheaper for you; my firm does these," and he said it might do him some good—my father asked him if he could show him any patterns; he said yes, he would come on Friday—this was on Tuesday, about March 8th—I went there on the Friday, and Brett came in and brought patterns of tapestry and silk, and said, "My firm hare a remnant of this, 8 1/2 yards; I can do it cheap"—I knew that eight yards would do for the suite, but I had not mentioned the quantity which would be required—he said, "I can do it at 5s. a yard"—he did not begin at 8s. and come down to 5s.; my father said he did not think the quantity would be enough, and Brett said that it would—my father said that he should like curtains to match, but I advised him not, but to have light ones—my father asked him to get the silk—he said, "I must ask you to give me the money first, as I have to pay for it before I take it"—my father directed my brother to, write out a cheque for the amount, which he did, and my father signed it, and handed it to Brett in my presence—as Brett went out he said, "If you want any light curtains there are a few pairs of travellers' samples; they are only a little creased, and I can do the 13s. ones at 10s., and the 15s. at 12s."—my father asked him to buy him a pair—it is not true that on the Friday the eight and a half yards were brought to my father's office; when the money was paid the material had not been brought—I first saw the remnant at home on the Friday afterwards; it came by Carter, Paterson's on Friday night, the 18th, the servant took it in; I was there when it was opened; I measured it, and found only eight and a quarter yards—I got it a few days afterwards, and covered my father's furniture with it at his house—there was only just sufficient; I had to join it—it is tapestry, silk and wool—I removed it to my place to be polished, and it was there when my father was given in custody—I did not take it away for any improper purpose, but because my father told me to—my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230031"/>
<p>sister is not in good health, and is not able to come here—I remember another parcel coming to my father's house at dinner-time on April 4th; my father opened it—it was some cream guipure curtains—my sister said, "No, I do not want those; I want lace"—my father said, "As you go to Mecklenburg Street to-morrow you can return them, and say we want white lace," and next morning I took the parcel away, and on my way I saw Mr. Hart; he is a distant relation of my father, and lives at 2, Mecklenburg Street—I told him I was going to the City—he said, "I am going that way, I will walk with you"—we walked up Gray's Inn Road into Holborn, and I went into Mr. Kahn's in Andrew Street, leaving him outside—I asked for Mr. Brett, and said, "These are not the curtains my father wants; he wants white lace"—I returned the parcel, and Mr. Hart and I went on to Milk Street, Cheapside, where I left him—I do not remember the white curtains coming the same day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We have not gone by the name of Levy for the last fifteen years—I have nothing to do with the money-lending business—I do not sell anything, I mostly do repairing; I do not buy or sell—I was going to buy stuff to cover the furniture, but Brett said he could do it cheaper—I did not know who he was; I did not listen to the conversation about the money—my father said that he was employed close by, and told me to come on Friday to see whether there would be enough—if it had been cut off a piece I suppose it would have been worth 10s. a yard, not 15s.—there was no question about the price—I advised him that it was worth 5s. a yard—the cheque was paid before my father saw the bulk—my brother Albert went out with Brett—I knew the same night that my father was charged with receiving—I went before the Alderman, but did not give evidence—Mr. Graves took my proof after the committal—I heard the evidence at the Police-court—the furniture has been taken back from my place—I did not hear my father say that he had received nothing at all, or that he was not quite sure whether one or two parcels came—I have only two brothers; one of them I think is a solicitor's clerk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> My father has been kept in custody because the bail was put so high that he could not find bail, and I have had no opportunity of consulting him—I have had no interview with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I have seen my brother, but I have not talked to him about my father's case—the order for the tapestry was given at the second interview, by sample, in my presence, on the 8th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-141" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-141" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I live at 14, Beresford Road—at the time of this transaction I was living at 33, St. Paul's Road, Canonbury—my father started in the money-lending business in 1888—I went to America, and returned through ill-health, and joined him at London Wall as clerk—the names of Fredericks and Lewis are on the outside plate, because there are two other persons advertising as Lewis as money-lenders, and so the name of Fredericks was adopted—my father banked at the London Joint Stock Bank as E. Lewis—I am acquainted with the money transactions between him and Brett—on 8th March, as near as I can recollect my father and my brother Edward were in the office, and the bell rang; I went out to see who it was, and it was Mr. Brett—I went to my father and said, "Mr. Brett"—he said, "Let him come in"—he ought to have paid an instalment that day, but ho asked him to pay the last due—he took up some patterns,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230032"/>
<p>off the table, and said, "If you want anything of this kind my firm do them; I can get them cheap, and it will do me a lot of good"—my father said, "If you can show me patterns at the same price you may do so"—Brett said, "I will, but I cannot for a couple of days, as we are busy, but if you can wait till Friday I will pay my instalment, and bring the patterns down at the same time"—he then left, and came on the following Friday, and paid me 10s., and then produced the patterns of tapestry—my father and brother both looked at them, and my father said, "If you can, do that one"—he said, "We have only a remnant of eight and a half, but being a remnant I can do it cheap, 5s. a yard"—my father said, "I don't think eight and a half yards will be enough"—I said to my father, "I don't know what you want the curtains for, we have always had white"—my father agreed to nave the eight and a half yards at 5s. a yard—it is not true that on that day the eight and a half yards were brought to the office—Brett said, "As I am only supposed to get them for my own relations I must pay for it before I get the goods; as you know I have not got the money; will you give me the money?"—my father directed me to write a cheque out, and I handed it to him, and he signed it, and I gave it to Brett—I had to go and see a man between one and two o'clook, and Brett said, "I will walk with you if you will walk with me as far as the bank; I will give you the 3s. you lent me; I am not going to buy the silk today, and I shall get my salary to-morrow"—he had borrowed 5s. on the occasion of the prosecutor's wedding to buy ties and gloves, and he repaid me—I have never charged him a halfpenny for interest—he came to the office again on the 14th, and I wrote the receipt for the 10s., and gave it to him—he said to my father, "As you are not sure the 8 is enough, I have brought you another of the same quality, but I can't do this at 5s.; we have a remnant at 16s. or 18s. a yard"—this is the pattern (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—my father decided not to have it—I first saw the 8 1/2 yards on the following Friday, the 18th; it came to my father's house by Carter, Paterson's—if Brett says that it was brought on Friday, the 11th, that is not true—another parcel was delivered at my father's house on March 22nd—I was at home when it came—my father opened it, saw that it was a table-cloth, and directed me to do it up and take it back next morning; I guessed it came from Brett—I had not heard of any order being given for it—I took it down to the office, and Brett came, and my father said, "You sent mo a table-cloth"—he said, "Yes"—my father said, "I do not want it," and handed it to him—I know that my brother was told to take the first curtains back, and on the 5th Brett came and said he had sent another pair, and had paid 10s. for them—a parcel containing a hearthrug came on the 11th—we had been to the synagogue, and it had been delivered—my father said he did not want it; and I did it up and took it to the office—next morning Brett came at eleven o'clock, and said "By accident I sent a parcel to your house directed wrong"—I handed it to him; and he went away with it—I did not remove my moustache to disguise myself; I do it every summer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went to America at the end of 1888, and stayed nine months; I went there after my two brothers, and was laid up six weeks or two months—I stayed there nine or ten months—the offices were taken from Mr. Dobbs before 1890—I kept the book—there is a book</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230033"/>
<p>showing the transactions with Brett, but it is not here—he had from four to six loans, and gave from four to six promissory notes, but we have not got them all now—he has written letters, but I have not got them here—he told me where he was employed—he was paying instalments at the time he went to Kahn's—we threatened him in January that we might be forced to take steps which he would regret; to sue him—he owed us about £8 when he went to Kahn's—he got £4, and gave a promissory note for £7 10s.; of course we took the risk—I never saw silk or tapestry bought in London Wall before—it never occurred to me to walk round to Kahn's place; it never crossed my mind that he might be taking things which did not belong to him—my father did not offer less than 5s.; there was no haggling about the price—I never saw any invoice—I do not mean that my father was doing this without my knowledge; but I am not responsible; I never gave it a thought—I did not attend at the Police-court—I knew no evidence would be given till my father was committed—I have only visited him once since his committal—my brother has seen him—my proof was given directly the thing occurred.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had given my account before Counsel was instructed; that was a week ago—I heard that the patterns on the table came from Rotherham's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-142" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-142" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN HART</persName> </hi>. I have lived at 2, Mecklenburg Street ten years—I am Lewis's second cousin—early in April Edward Lewis called on me about 10.30 a.m. by appointment on, a matter of business—we then walked to Holborn—he had a brown paper parcel with him, which he took down St. Andrew's Street and returned without it—he then walked with me to Cheapside till I turned up Wood Street, and we separated—I was at Mr. Lewis's office early in March about a monetary transaction of my own, and Brett called, but I did not hear his name—Mr. Lewis said, "You have not sent me on that silk"—he said, "No; that is just what I have come about; I have a couple of patterns here, salmon coloured and pink, sixteen yards, but I cannot let you have it at the same price as what you ordered"—this is it—it was shown round, and the general opinion was that it was too light and would fade.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was handed round to Mr. Lewis and myself, no one else—I recognise Brett as the young man—when we took the walk Lewis went to a corner, and I saw the name of Kahn; I very often pass the place—he said he was going to leave a parcel there—one of the sons asked me about it two or three weeks back when the charge was made—I said I did not know then that he said something had been returned; I never troubled myself till last Monday—I was glad to come—I am a picture and general dealer—I think this is silk and wool.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I said I did not go to the solicitor's office till Monday; I mean Monday week.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-567-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-567-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-567-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at this Court in the name of Edward Laurence Levy on May</hi> 31, 1879—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-567-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-567-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-567-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-567-18920523 t18920523-567-punishment-29"/>Five Year Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DEFRIES</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-567-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-567-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-567-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-567-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-567-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-567-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-567-18920523 t18920523-567-punishment-30"/>He received a good character—Three Years Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRETT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-567-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-567-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-567-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-567-18920523 t18920523-567-punishment-31"/>Three Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230034"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, May</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-568">
<interp inst="t18920523-568" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-568" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-568-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-568-18920523 t18920523-568-offence-1 t18920523-568-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-568-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-568-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18920523" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18920523" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18920523" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL COX</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-568-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-568-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-568-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a watch and chain, the property of
<persName id="t18920523-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-144" type="surname" value="DUNLOP"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-144" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-568-offence-1 t18920523-name-144"/>Joseph Dunlop</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HAWKINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-145" type="surname" value="DUNLOP"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-145" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH DUNLOP</persName> </hi>. I am a foreman, living at the Sailors' Home, Earle Street—close on midnight on 30th April
<hi rend="italic">i</hi> was in the Commercial Road, when three men came up—one came on each side of me, and the prisoner snatched my watch and chain—I got from the others, and ran after the prisoner, who had a few yards start—I ran three or four streets, and then the constable collared him at the corner of a street, and just as he collared him I had turned the corner, and was upon him—he was in sight of me all the time, except just when he turned the corner—I am sure he is the man—this is my chain; it cost me 11s. 6d.—the watch was worth £3 48.—two ladies were with me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-146" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-146" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CURTIS</persName> </hi> (51
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On the night of 30th April I was on duty at the corner of Commercial Road and Leman Street, and I saw the prisoner running as hard as he could from Colchester Street across Commercial Road, with the prosecutor about eight yards behind him—he went into Plough Street, and into Colchester Street again—I ran after him, and caught him coming into Leman Street—both he and the prosecutor had lost their hats—I said, "What are you running for?"—he said, "Nothing"—the prosecutor came up and said, "He has got my watch and chain"—I took the prisoner to the station, where he was charged—I found nothing on him—I found this piece of chain in Gower's Walk, Commercial Road, the direction from which the prisoner came.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in a written defence, stated that he saw the prosecutor, who was slightly intoxicated, walking with two prostitutes, and followed by a man, who moved in front of the prosecutor, made a jerk, and went off; that he</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">went to a coffee-stall; that the prosecutor came and accused him of taking his watch and chain, and that he ran away, as he did not want to get into trouble.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-147" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-147" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CURTIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>). The prosecutor was perfectly sober; it was about 12.20.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-148" type="surname" value="DUNLOP"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-148" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH DUNLOP</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>). The women I was with were prostitutes; they cleared away as soon as it happened.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-568-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-568-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-568-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at this Court in December</hi>, 1885,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of Gogan.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920523-568-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-568-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-568-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-568-18920523 t18920523-568-punishment-32"/>Nine Month' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-569">
<interp inst="t18920523-569" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-569" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-569-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-569-18920523 t18920523-569-offence-1 t18920523-569-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-569-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-569-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-18920523" type="surname" value="SHENTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-18920523" type="given" value="WILLIAM ISAAC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ISAAC SHENTON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18920523-569-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-569-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-569-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully falsifying the books of the
<persName id="t18920523-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-150" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-569-offence-1 t18920523-name-150"/>Vestry of St. Matthew</persName>,
<placeName id="t18920523-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-569-offence-1 t18920523-geo-1"/>Bethnal Green</placeName>, his masters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HAWKINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROOTH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-151" type="surname" value="KENT"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-151" type="given" value="ARTHUR BONNOR"/>ARTHUR BONNOR KENT</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Bonnor and Kent, Bonnor Road, Bethnal Green—we are ratepayers—we owed £54 3s. for rates for several premises for the quarter ending Christmas last, and we sent this cheque, dated 19th October, by post to the prisoner's office in payment—these are the receipts—the cheque is perforated by the bank as paid on 22nd October; it appears to hive been paid through the London and County Bank, Shoreditch branch, the prisoner's bank.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230035"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-152" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-152" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES LONG</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Messrs. Rooke and Sons, solicitors—they act for Whittaker's executors, who, as ratepayers of this parish, owed £36 0s. lid. for the last quarter of 1891—we sent by post this cheque, dated 22nd October, to the prisoner's office in payment of the rates, and in return received these two receipts, dated 27th October—the cheque is endorsed "W. I. Shenton," and was passed through the London and County Bank, Shoreditch branch, on 28th October.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-153" type="surname" value="HUTCHISON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-153" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HUTCHISON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Buchanan and Co., 45, Leadenhall Street, who, as ratepayers in the parish, owed £28 16s. 1d. for the last quarter of 1891—this cheque, dated 21st October, was sent in payment—it was paid through the London and County Bank, Shoreditch branch, on 24th October, and is endorsed "W. L. Shenton"—we received this receipt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-154" type="surname" value="WILL"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-154" type="given" value="JOHN KENNEDY"/>JOHN KENNEDY WILL</persName> </hi>. I am physician in charge of Bethnal House Asylum—in respect of the asylum I received this demand note for £90 10s. 6d. for the rates for the last quarter of 1891—I drew this cheque on 22nd October in payment, and handed it to the prisoner, as far as I remember, at the asylum—it was paid by my bankers on 24th through the London and County Bank, Shoreditch branch; it is endorsed "W. I. Shenton."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been there about ten years; for the four years I have been superintendent I have paid the rates to the prisoner—I believe he has always borne a very high character for respectability and honesty—I could not positively say to whom I handed the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Reexamined.</hi> I got this receipt from the person to whom I gave the cheque at the asylum.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-155" type="surname" value="EIXEN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-155" type="given" value="THOMAS MOORE"/>THOMAS MOORE EIXEN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Messrs. J. and J. Colman, of 108, Cannon Street, who received these three demand notes for rates for the last quarter of 1891, and accordingly I sent this cheque for £83168. 5d., dated 3rd November, in payment—it is endorsed "Shenton," and was paid through the London and County Bank, Shoreditch, on 6th November—these are the three receipts.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-156" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-156" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN LLOYD</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Messrs. Field and Sons, estate agents, of Hanbury Street, Mile End, who manage several properties in the neighbourhood—they collect rates for several persons, and pay them in in a lump sum to the collector—we draw up a list of the properties, with the amounts of the rates in respect of each, and a cheque is drawn for the whole amount—this is a list of the fourteen properties we manage, the rates on which for the last quarter of 1891 came to £39 6s. 3d.—this is our cheque for that amount, dated 4th November; it was sent by post—we received separate receipts in respect of each property from the collector, and distributed them among our clients—this is one of the receipts for £1 14s. 7d.—this is a copy of our book, which is correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-157" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-157" type="given" value="EUSTACE SHEPPARD"/>EUSTACE SHEPPARD SMITH</persName> </hi>. I live at 62, Bonnor Road, and am a rate collector of the north ward of the parish of Bethnal Green—the London School Board is a pretty large ratepayer in the parish, and by arrangement the Board, who have several properties in the parish, used to give me one cheque for all the rates, and I distributed it among the other rate collectors by my own cheques—for the last quarter of 1891 the prisoner, as rate collector for the west division of the east ward, was entitled to £193 11s. for the School Board rate in respect of property in his district, and on 6th November I drew this cheque for that amount—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230036"/>
<p>I think I gave it to the prisoner's son—it was paid through the London and County Bank, Shoreditch branch, on the 7th—it is endorsed "W. I. Shenton"—I got no receipt for it; it was not my habit to take receipts—after this matter had arisen I saw the prisoner in the Vestry, and he said I did not give him the cheque; that I handed it to his son—I said in my judgment he had had it, for it bore his endorsement—he said it was not his endorsement—I believe I said it was passed through his bank—he said he was not aware of the fact, or something of that sort, or "That is another matter."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been a collector for rather more than thirty years, and during all that time the prisoner has been a collector—I think he would have collected, on an average, during that time an annual sum of about £40,000—he has borne a very high reputation for honesty, respectability, and good conduct in every way—about October he was confined to the house, and was assisted, with the Vestry's sanction, by one of his sons—there is a rate-book in which the name of the person, address, and rateable value of the property and the rate appears, and that book, if properly kept, would show exactly what was due to the Vestry and what had been collected—it was the practice of the Vestry for a long time (it is not so now) for us to collect pretty well every day, and pay into our banks, and on Wednesday and Saturday we were supposed to pay out of our banks into the two banks of the Vestry—we booked the collections up with reasonable frequency, but sometimes, when there had been an audit, we left the books at the Vestry for several days, and so the booking up got into arrear.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not mean the prisoner was confined to his house; I knew him to be ill—I saw him the day he asked for assistance at the Vestry—one of his sons was also a rate collector in the parish—I have found such a pressure of work that I could not enter in the cash-book day by day, and if so I should enter up the book from the counterfoil book—the rate-book at that time was in our possession during the quarter—sometimes we attended the Finance Committee meetings; we only brought the cash-books there, not the rate-books, which were not seen by the committee till the end of the quarter, when the quarterly balances were handed in.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. The rate-book is provided by the Vestry, and it would be our duty to take it to them at any time they asked for it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-158" type="surname" value="BATEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-158" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BATEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Land Security Company, Great George Street, Westminster—part of their property is in Queen Square—£82 7s. 1d. was owing by the company to the Vestry in respect of rates for the last quarter of 1891, and on 11th November I drew this cheque in favour of W. I. Shenton in payment—this is the receipt—the cheque was passed through the London and County Bank on 14th November.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw the prisoner's son, who was acting as clerk to him—I have known the prisoner for four or five years as a highly respectable, honourable man; he bears that reputation generally.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-159" type="surname" value="HIND"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-159" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HIND</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Messrs. Burton and Sons, Green Street, Bethnal Green—they owed £27 17s. 2d. as rates to the parish in the last quarter of 1891—this cheque, dated 13th November, was given in payment—it is stamped by the London and County Bank, Shoreditch, as</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230037"/>
<p>having been passed through their bank on 14th November—the prisoner called, and I handed him the cheque and received these two receipts; to the best of my belief, he tore them out of the counterfoil book as I gave the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-160" type="surname" value="BLISS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-160" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BLISS</persName> </hi>. I assist my brother, an estate agent, at 154, Bethnal Green Road—we manage certain properties in the parish—we make out a list of rates due in respect of each property, and the prisoner was in the habit of calling to receive the lump cheque for all those rates—in the last quarter of 1891 we owed £116 19s. 3d. for rates in respect of all those properties—the collector makes out the list previous to calling for the rate—on 14th November the prisoner. called, and this cheque was given him in payment, and we had a separate receipt in respect of each property, that we might distribute them to our clients—this is one of those receipts—they were numbered consecutively, and were all received from the prisoner at the same time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> During the several years that I have known the prisoner he has borne the reputation of a highly honourable and upright man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-161" type="surname" value="BOWEN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-161" type="given" value="JOHN ROBERT"/>JOHN ROBERT BOWEN</persName> </hi>. I am a licensed victualler, of the Arabian Arms, Cambridge Road—I owed £26 16s. 6d. for rates for the last quarter of 1891—about 20th November the prisoner called, and I gave him this cheque, and received these two receipts—the cheque appears to have been paid through the London and County Bank, Shoreditch, on the 20th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> For over twenty years during which I have known the prisoner he has always borne a good character.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-162" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-162" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WILKINSON</persName> </hi>. I am secretary of the East-end Dwellings Company, Old Square, Lincoln's Inn—on 23rd November the company owed £37 1s. 8d. for rates for the last quarter of 1891, and I sent this cheque to the prisoner's office on or about that day—some time afterwards I received these ten receipts—on 26th November this cheque was debited to our account through the London and County Bank, Shoreditch.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was at the beginning of January I received the receipts.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-163" type="surname" value="MALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-163" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED MALTON</persName> </hi>. I live at and occupy from Nos. 1 to 21, Park Street, Bethnal Green, and am rated for it as small tenements—I owed the Vestry £12 19s. 3d. for the last quarter of 1891, and on 27th November I sent that sum to the prisoner's office—I received this receipt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-164" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-164" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I live at 74, Bonner Road—on 16th December I paid the prisoner a cheque for £25 5s. 3d. for rates, and received five receipts, Nos. 671 to 675—674 is a receipt for £2 15s. 11 1/2 d.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known the prisoner for twenty-five years at least, and he has borne a very good character.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-165" type="surname" value="WHITEHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-165" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WHITEHEAD</persName> </hi>. I occupy 30, Bishop's Road—on the 27th of November I paid £2 15s. 11 1/2 d. for rates for the last quarter of 1891, either to the prisoner or his son at the office—I received this receipt—I gave a customer's cheque for a larger amount, and received the change.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> For the twenty-two years I have known the prisoner he has always been a very respectable man, as far as, I have known.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-166" type="surname" value="PERRIN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-166" type="given" value="JAMES EDWARD"/>JAMES EDWARD PERRIN</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to the London and County Bank, Shoreditch—I produce a copy of the prisoner's banking account from the bank ledger, certified by the manager as correct—it is an ex
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230038"/>
<p>from 1st October, 1891, to 8th January, 1892—it shows that on 1st October, 1891, the prisoner's account was overdrawn £119 Os. 7d., and that on 31st December it was overdrawn £135 5s. 10d., and that on 8th January it was overdrawn £107 19s. 2d.—we only honour the prisoner's signature at the bank—all these thirteen cheques mentioned by the various witnesses have been paid to the credit of the prisoner's banking account at the Shoreditch branch.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Since 1864 the prisoner has banked with us—we had securities of his, I believe; I am not aware of the amount.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There are several promissory notes, one of 9th October for £250, and in December there is one; when they were debited to him they would account for the overdraft, as we honoured them without sufficient funds.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-167" type="surname" value="BUST"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-167" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY BUST</persName> </hi>. I live at 76, Bonner Road—in June, 1889, I was a clerk to the Vestry Clerk of St. Matthew's—I received instructions from Mr. Voss as to delivering these printed copies of "Duties of and Rules as to Collectors," and I delivered a copy to the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> For eight years I had occasion sometimes to look into the prisoner's accounts; I always found them correct.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I looked into his ordinary collector's account—there was no cash-book then—I checked his balance-sheet with the rate-books and the bank-books quarter after quarter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-168" type="surname" value="VOSS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-168" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT VOSS</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, and Vestry Clerk of the parish of St. Matthew, Bethnal Green—I have an office at the Vestry Hall—up to June, 1889, the prisoner was the collector for the whole of the East Ward; he was paid by commission, which would amount to something over £500 a year—in June, 1889, there was an alteration; his district was divided into two, and he had about half the work, and instead of commission he was paid by salary; he had then £180; it was a little while afterwards raised to £220—his son was elected to the other ward at a similar salary, which increased in the same way—these "Duties of and Rules as to. Collectors" were drawn up in 1889 and circulated among the collectors—the prisoner has told me he received one—a fresh rate is made at the beginning of each quarter—the collectors have to collect poor rate, general rate, and composition rate, and the sewers rate when levied, but that is only once or twice a year—there was no sewers rate for the last quarter of 1891—the composition rate is an ecclesiastical rate, and is paid to the churchwardens—it would be the prisoner's first duty to collect the rates in a lump sum—after the rate was made at the beginning of the quarter the prisoner would receive the rate-book for that quarter, with the names of ratepayers and the amounts of their assessments, and counterfoil receipt-books for that quarter, numbered consecutively, and this collector's cash-book—his duty was to enter daily the sums received, and pay them into the bank weekly—he would pay cheques received into his own banking account prior to the first or second of the days when he had to pay it over—it was his duty to attend the meetings of the Finance Committee, which were sometimes once a fortnight, sometimes once a month, bringing with him his cash-book and counterfoil receipt-book—I was almost always present at those meetings—during the last three months he has never brought his rate-book to those meetings—at the end of each</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230039"/>
<p>quarter it was his duty to hand in balance-sheets; these are they for the quarter ending Michaelmas last; they show arrears of £261 11s. 10d. for poor rate, £233 1s. 3d. for general rate, and £24 0s. 5d. for sewers rate; in all, £518 13s. 6d.—at the meeting the amount of arrears was complained of, and this letter of October 14th was sent to the prisoner. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated that it would be necessary that his cash-book should be completed and ready before the next Finance Committee meeting, and that he ought since the closing of his book to have paid in the arrears</hi>)—the rate for the last quarter of 1891 was allowed by the Magistrate on 17th October, and from that time the prisoner would begin to collect the amounts for that quarter up to Christmas—it was part of his duty to apply himself diligently to his collection—on 24th October, at the end of the week, the prisoner handed in to the vestry his
<hi rend="italic">tab</hi> for that week, showing that he had paid in to the vestry's account, on account of the arrears of the previous quarter, £100 11s. 6d. for poor rate, £89 8s. for general rate, and £11 3s. 6d. for sewers rate—those sums were placed to the credit of the vestry—the prisoner's cash-book of the East Ward was made up and closed, and then he would start with a new page for the current quarter—on 9th December the collectors had to attend a meeting of the Finance Committee, and on 16th December, at a subsequent meeting, the prisoner's cash-book and counterfoil books were produced—we compared the counterfoils with the entries in the cash-book, and all the sums entered in the counterfoils appeared in the book as paid into the bank, and had found their way into the vestry's account—I noticed several blanks here and there, and I was directed by the committee to complain of the blanks and ask the reasons for their existence, and to require that in future a receipt, whether given or spoiled, should be produced—I saw the prisoner and asked his explanation, and he told me that the blanks represented spoiled receipts, and that no money had been received in respect of them—I also told him that in future the committee required that every spoiled receipt should be produced; that was on the following Saturday, I think—that quarter ended on 31st December—on or before the Wednesday morning before the first Thursday of a month beginning a new quarter, the collectors have to leave their balance-sheet for the quarter for the Finance Committee, and they have to pay on that morning, while the committee is sitting, the balance for poor rate, and bring the vestry's bank pass-book to the committee—that should have been done on 6th January—the prisoner was not present at the meeting on that day, and much surprise was expressed that he was not there—his balance-sheet up to end of the year was produced and examined; this is it; it shows a balance in the hands of the collector for poor rate of £773 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., for general rate of £577 12s. 10d., and for the sewers rate for midsummer £12 16s. 11d.; that comes to £1,363 13s. 7d. as the balance in his hands, which should have been paid on 6th January—it was not paid, and I was requested by the committee to see him—I went to his office, and ultimately he was brought to me, and I asked him why he had not paid the money, and he shrugged his shoulders, as if something were wrong—I asked him if he had the money to pay, and he said he had not, he could not pay it; I think I asked why; he said it would be all right, or something of that kind, but I got nothing different from him beyond the fact that he could not pay—I reported the matter to the vestry, and the matter was discussed, and they ultimately</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230040"/>
<p>resolved that a prosecution should be instituted—under the rules of the vestry a collector has to take out a policy of £1,000 as a guarantee; there was that policy with regard to the prisoner; it was deposited with the vestry, and on this deficit of £1,300 they claimed on the society, who paid £1,000—subsequent to that and after the prosecution had begun £344 was paid by the prisoner's solicitor into the vestry's bank, without any communication to me, on 21st April, I believe—that made up the total amount of what was due—there was a small sum owing to him, his quarter's stipend for the previous quarter—I find no such amount in the cashbook, prior to 31st October, as a cheque for £54 3s. from Kent, and no such amount upon counterfoils 143 to 148—I find Rooke and Son's cheque for £36 0s. 11d. on the counterfoil receipts 169 to 170; I find no entry of that amount in the book prior to 31st October—I find on counterfoil 102 "Wilson, £28 16s. 1d."—I find no entry of that sum in the book prior to 31st October—counterfoil 152 is a blank; there is no sum entered in the cash-book against that counterfoil No. 152—I find £90 10s. 5d. entered on counterfoil 674 as from Will—I find no entry of £90 10s. 5d. in the cash-book prior to 31st October—counterfoils 160, 161, and 162 are in the name of Colman, and together they come to £83 15s. 5d.—no entry appears in the cash-book of £83 15s. 5d., or of the sums making up that prior to 7th November—counterfoil 158 is in Field's name; 138 to 141, and 149 to 159 are in different names; none of the sums of money mentioned in those counterfoils, and together making up the £39 6s. 3d. paid by Messrs. Field, appear in the cash-book between 4th November and 7th November—there is no entry from 1 to 600 of Mr. Smith's cheque for £193118. for the School Board rate—I find no entry on counterfoil 328 of £82 7s. lid.; it is marked
<hi rend="italic">nil</hi>, and spoiled; I find no entry of that sum in the cash-book between 11th November and 14th November—there is no counterfoil for £27 17s. 2d., or any such amount at No. 10 or next to it—Burton and Sons is put in afterwards at No. 15, and left blank—I find no entry of £27 17s. 2d. from Messrs. Burton and Sons in the cash-book—there is a sum of £1 2s. 3d. on counterfoil 10, and in the cash-book, but the balance £26 15s. is not entered anywhere prior to the 21st November—counterfoil 27 is for £7 0s. 9d.—the next entry in the cash-book after 21st November is £7 0s. 9d.; from the 21st to the 25th there are £3 6s. 8d., £2 4s. 6d., £4 18s. 9d., £4 3s. 10d., £5 11s. 1 1/2 d., and £9 5s. 2d.—£19 15s. 10d. appears to be paid into the poor, and £12 3s. 4d. into the general fund, as received between 21st and 25th November—from the 25th November there appears £7 7s., £12 19s. 3d., £7 8s. 2d., £1 17s. 1d., £1 17s. 1d., £5 11s. 1d., 14s. 10d.—there is no entry of Mr. Bowen's cheque for £26 16s. 6d. prior to 25th November—I find no entry between 25th and 28th November of £37 1s. 8d.—I found on counterfoil 776, £12 19s. 3d. entered; there is an entry in the cash-book between 25th and 28th November of £12 19s. 3d., but that is counterfoil 735, and that counterfoil is in the name of Lypman, not Malton, and shows only £2 6s. 1d. as received—that is the state of the book up to 16th December, entries 1 to 600—the book was given out afterwards to be continued; it was not given to the prisoner—long after 6th January it came back to the vestry entered up to 1,000, and then appeared some of the cheques which had been omitted before No. 600. there are entries of the £95 10s. 5d. and £90 10s. 5d.—they would have been entered after the book was delivered out.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230041"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner was elected some time after I was vestry clerk, but he has been collector these thirty years or more—his father was a collector for many years before and daring the prisoner's time—of late years the annual sum collected would be about £40,000; he was paid prior to 1889 by commission, which brought him in over £500 a year—after 1889 he was paid by salary, and his duties were reduced—the vestry thought they were paying too much—there was no personal reason for the reduction—the collectors paid the cheques received into their private banking accounts, and afterwards paid into the vestry's accounts, because a large amount of the payments were by cheques which had to be divided, part for the poor rates and part for other things; and the vestry's accounts for the different funds were at different banks—we have altered our system now, and only have one banking account—I cannot say without going through the cash-book if all the sums named in the indictment are now entered in the book; if they are they have been entered after the examination—I have very little doubt that the amounts named in the indictment are ticked off in the rate-book as having been paid to the prisoner; and the rate-book is the vestry's book, and they can send to a collector at any time and tell him to bring and show it—we should not have been able to see at once that he had charged himself with all the items in the indictment, because they are scattered all over the book, and you would have to go through the entries—I believe that at the end of the quarter, when he made up the rate-book, he entered it truly up to then—I have no reason to suppose that there are any omissions—it is for counsel to answer whether this charge is that he omitted to enter amounts at the proper time—I have not been in personal communication with the Guarantee Society, but I conducted the communications, and I received the £1,000—I understood there was something about the society wanting security before they paid; but I know nothing of the detail—in January and February the prisoner's willingness to pay the money to the vestry was talked of; it was suggested whether if he could get the money it would be accepted; that would be for the vestry, and it never came before them till long after this prosecution was started—they took the guarantee money, and the rest was paid into the bank without any communication with them; we have accepted the money—at a meeting of the vestry it was considered whether if the money was offered it should be received—thirty-eight were present; a letter was read from the defendant's solicitors: "We are pleased to inform you that £344, more than sufficient to cover the balance, was yesterday paid into the vestry's account," and it was accepted—there were only two dissentients—in addition there was a resolution, "That the vestry (if the Magistrate approves) do withdraw from the prosecution now pending against Mr. Snenton"—the Magistrate declined to interfere in the matter—from the time the prisoner wrote on 16th November, "I regret to say that my present state of health prevents my carrying out my duties without temporary assistance this quarter," his son was assisting him in his division as far as I know; he was away for a short time, but he was about doing his work—we had no suspicion of him till the balance-sheets were brought in about 6th January, and he could not pay the money; we had given him directions to proceed with more rapidity—we thought the amounts coming in were not quite the same as the average would be—when the balance-sheet came in he admitted he owed us £1,300 he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230042"/>
<p>ought to have paid in—no specific things were found out till the accounts were investigated by my sons and the clerks, and then it appeared to them that he was providing himself with funds to meet past deficiencies, and concealing accounts for that purpose—it might be six weeks or two months after the investigatian of the books that he said it was an error and that he would see we were paid.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> After 16th November he was away for a few days, I believe—up to the last quarter the rate-books were always in the collectors' hands, and were never brought in until the Finance Committee day at the end of the quarter, when the balance-sheets were brought in—I have never known the rate-books produced for inspection at the Finance Committee meetings, and our collectors would know that—ratepayers in the parish would have a right to look at the book; and at the end of the quarter when it was made up it would show what sums had been paid and what sums were still due; and if sums entered in the rate-book as having been paid had not been paid into the vestry's account it would appear as a balance in the collector's hands, or as arrears.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT</hi> Voss (
<hi rend="italic">the younger</hi>). I am a solicitor, and have acquaintance with the Vestry's affairs—in the cash-book I see the figures of the quarter, 1 to 600, entered—up to 7th January nothing more appeared than those 600—after that I gave the book to the prisoner's son—additional entries were made on morning of 7th January in the vestry office.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-569-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-569-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-569-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY.—
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the</hi> </rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on account of his good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The vestry endorsed this recommenda tion.—
<rs id="t18920523-569-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-569-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-569-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-569-18920523 t18920523-569-punishment-33"/>Discharged on recognisances.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-570">
<interp inst="t18920523-570" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-570" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-570-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-570-18920523 t18920523-570-offence-1 t18920523-570-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-570-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-570-18920523" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-18920523" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-18920523" type="surname" value="CHANCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-18920523" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH CHANCE</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-570-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-570-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-570-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, Unlawfully endeavouring to Conceal the birth of her child by a secret disposition of its dead body.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920523-570-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-570-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-570-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, May</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th, and Friday, May</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grantham.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920523-571">
<interp inst="t18920523-571" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920523"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-571" type="date" value="18920523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-571-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-571-18920523 t18920523-571-offence-1 t18920523-571-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-571-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-571-18920523 t18920523-571-offence-1 t18920523-571-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920523-571-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-571-18920523 t18920523-571-offence-1 t18920523-571-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-571-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-571-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-18920523" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-18920523" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-18920523" type="given" value="JOSEPH JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH JAMES ADAMS</hi> (54)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-571-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-571-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-571-18920523" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def2-571-18920523" type="surname" value="BEECROFT"/>
<interp inst="def2-571-18920523" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH BEECROFT</hi> (31)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-571-18920523" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-571-18920523" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-571-18920523" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def3-571-18920523" type="surname" value="FOURAKER"/>
<interp inst="def3-571-18920523" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY FOURAKER</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18920523-571-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920523-571-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-571-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, Feloniously procuring
<persName id="t18920523-name-173">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-173" type="surname" value="BEECROFT"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-173" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>Richard Beecroft</persName> to set fire to a house,
<placeName id="t18920523-geo-2">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920523-571-offence-1 t18920523-geo-2"/>31, Pelham Street, Hastings</placeName>;
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, charging the prisoners as accessories before and after the fact.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-174" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-174" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-174" type="given" value="MESSES CHARLES"/>MESSES. CHARLES MATHEWS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PAUL TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Adams</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">KERSHAW</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Beecroft, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. KISCH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Fouraker.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">In opening the cast</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">proposed to give evidence of other fires.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected to such evidence as irrele vant to the present form of charge, which did not raise the question of guilty knowledge.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE GRAHAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">overruled the objection.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KISCH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">urged that the prosecution should elect upon which Count they would proceed.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE GRANTHAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">did not think such election necessary.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-175" type="surname" value="WOODCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-175" type="given" value="GEORGE DAVID"/>GEORGE DAVID WOODCOCK</persName> </hi>. I keep a coffee-house at 11, Blackfriars Road—in January, 1980, in consequence of an advertisement, I called at 22, Blackfriars Road—I there saw the prisoners Joseph Adams and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230043"/>
<p>Joseph Beecroft—Adams sent Beecroft with me to look over No. 11, which Adams had for sale—I subsequently came to an agreement with Adams to take that house, and to give him in exchange for it the coffeehouse, 31, Pelham Street, Hastings, which belonged tome—I agreed to give £600 for the Blackfriars Road House, and he to allow me £214 for the Hastings one, leaving a balance of £386 payable by me—Adams told me that Richard Beecroft was going to manage the Hastings house—I subsequently saw Richard Beecroft at 11, Blackfriars Road, several times—I was introduced to him, I believe, by his brother Joseph, or Adams—I gave up possession of the Hastings house on 1st March, 1890—the £214 inducted the furniture and effects, which at that time were insured in the Guardian; I told Adams we were insured in the Guardian—he said he did not wish to take up the policy; the insurance was up to the following September—I believe the amount of the insurance was £350, but lam not sure—I took possession of 11, Blackfriars Road on 1st March—I paid £50 deposit before I took possession, and on taking possession I paid another £50, and I have since paid the balance—about three weeks after I gave up possession of the Hastings house I heard of a fire having occurred there—the same day I went to 22, Blackfriars Road; I did not see Adams or Beecroft there—I left word that I had received a telegram that a fire had taken place at 31, Pelham Street, and Joseph and Richard Beecroft called on me the same day—I said I had received that telegram, and I asked Richard Beecroft how that came about, and why he was in London, and said, "You are very foolish to come away"—he said he did not know what to do, he felt like making off with himself—he did not give me any information about the fire or how it had happened—I asked Richard Beecroft if he had insured—he said yes—he said he had paid half-a-crown deposit, and he put his hand in his waistcoat pocket and took out a slip of paper, but I did not see what was on it—I believe the two Beecrofts had then left, and had gone to Mr. Hubbard's office—I think Joseph suggested going there—Adams came in afterwards—he said he was very sorry, and it was a bad job—when he left he said he was going to Mr. Hubbard's office—before he left he said, "About the insurance?"—I said, "The insurance had not been transferred, because I could not do anything in the matter, because I could not conscientiously do so"—I was referring to my in-urance in the Guardian—Richard Beecroft said when the fire occurred he was at the Gaiety Theatre at Hastings—I afterwards went down to Hastings with Adams, and saw Mr. Savin, the landlord—I afterwards received from the Guardian £10 for two oil-paintings and several other things which I had there—I had not agreed to sell those things to Adams—I gave the £10 to Adams, believing he had had a loss—when I went to Hastings I went over the coffee-house and saw what had happened—I formed a conclusion of my own about it—I went down to Hastings a second time—Adams was then with me—I said to him that from the things I saw I thought it was wilfully set on fire by someone—I could not exactly say the words he said—he said he was very sorry it should have occurred; he hoped he should soon get over that.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I have lived in Hastings all my life, and have been sixteen years in business there—I have had dealings in coffee-houses there—I sold one to a person named Field; there was no</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230044"/>
<p>bother about that, not on my part—he never Raid to me that I had misrepresented the house, or threatened to prosecute me for false pretences—he did threaten me—I am still in the house I bought from Adams—I made no complaint about it till within eight or nine months after the transaction, when I mentioned it to him—I did not make any complaint against him with regard to the purchase of the house; I don't wish to make any complaint—I think I went to Hastings about eight or ten days after the fire; that was the first time I saw the ruined premises, and on that occasion I came to the conclusion that it was a wilful and malicious fire; there was no doubt in my mind about it—I did not go to the insurance office; they came to me about the insurance of the premises—I had moved all the goods but £10 worth—I had not made any claim; I never have made any—I did not tell the office that it was a malicious fire; I did subsequently—I had not been down then—I went to the office; I can't say who I saw, it was one of the officials; they gave me £10—I can't answer whether I believed Adams had some part in the fire; I formed no opinion whatever; I had no suspicion—I believed he had had a loss, that was why I gave him the £ 10—I am positive that what I have stated to-day as to telling Adams the fire was wilful is correct; I said it was a wilful case of fire against someone, but who I did not know—he replied he was very sorry; it was a bad job; he had lost what he had in his transaction with me and the £214; that is what it would imply, I imagine—I had not paid it up then, there was none due; I paid the deposit, and completed it after the fire, according to my agreement with Mr. Hubbard; he was the solicitor acting for Adams, and for me too, he should have been—I paid him £15 for his transaction in the transfer—I cannot say whether he acted unfairly or not—I was first spoken to about giving evidence in this matter by the Treasury about six months ago, as near as I can say—I said at Bow Street that I thought it necessary to give evidence so as to clear myself—I did not hear it rumoured in Hastings that I had had something to do with the fire—I never heard such a thing suggested; that was not why I said I wanted to clear myself.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KERSHAW</hi>. The interview with the two Beecrofts took place the day after the fire, before I went to Hastings—the conversation was not nearly all with Richard Beecroft; I asked him how the fire occurred—he said he did not know—he said, "I went to the Gaiety, and when I went to the house the officials would not let me in"—it was Joseph who suggested they should go to Mr. Hubbard's office; Adams did say so, but that was later on the same day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Since that day I have never seen Richard—what I said at the Police-court was, "What I wanted to clear myself about was the transfer of the business; I thought the fire occurring so soon after I left might lead to something against me"—it was to the Guardian Office that I gave the information that I thought the fire was an incendiary one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-176" type="surname" value="SABIN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-176" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SABIN</persName> </hi>. I am a lodging-house keeper at Hastings; that is one of my businesses—the coffee-house, 31, Pelbam Street, belongs to me—in February, 1890, my tenant, Mr. Woodcock, introduced Joseph Adams to me as a person who was going to take the business—subsequently, in consequence of a letter from Adams, I agreed to accept Richard Beecroft as the tenant—Woodcock's lease was to be assigned to him—on the night of 18th March, 1890, about ten o'clock, I was called to the premises—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230045"/>
<p>was informed that they were on fire—I went there—I found. the front door fastened—with the assistance of other persons I forced it open and went in; I found the fire burning on the first floor landing; it was all ablaze—as soon as I got in I smelt paraffin—on the half-landing going upstairs I found a candlestick, with the candle burning, on the first step down—it was all one mass of flame—there was oil burning and floating on the stairs and all along the landing; it was flowing from a brewing can, which, I think, they brewed tea in—the tap was about half-turned, and paraffin oil was flowing from it; I saw that after the fire was put out—the can was standing on the floor on the landing—I also saw a big pan on the landing; there was something burning it—I afterwards went into the bedroom on the first floor, opening on to the landing; I there found a two-gallon stone jar lying on its side, with a little paraffin in it, and the carpet saturated—it was not burning then, it had been; something had put it out—I did not
<hi rend="italic">go</hi> into the room till the fire had been put out—the bed was burnt; the jar was near the bed—the fire in the bedroom must have been distinct from the fire on the landing; the one had not communicated with the other—there was nobody in the house when I went in—I saw nothing of Richard Beecroft then, or subsequently—I did not see Adams again until he came down with Woodcock, a week or two after the fire—they wanted me to purchase back the house—I ultimately agreed to take back the house, and to give Adams £80 for the fixtures that were left—I paid him down that £60—I don't remember saying anything in particular to Adams about the fire—I don't think he asked me any questions about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. I think I saw Adams twice in reference to this matter, once before Richard Beecroft was admitted as tenant, and once alter—he went into the premises on the day we arranged when he came down with Woodcock; that was after the fire—I think I never saw him on the premises after Beecroft came into occupation.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Great injury was done to the house, the stairs were burnt down, everything had to be re-doner and a lot of the furniture was useless; still I thought it worth my while to get hold of the things and make a fresh start—I had to do the re-doing—it was insured—not only was Woodcock's furniture insured, but I had an insurance for the house—I was one of the first that went into the house—I went in with two policemen; the second door was half glass, and they smashed an opening and I went in—I rushed to the W. C., and opened the door and window, and then they were able to put out the fire with mats, and I went and got water in pails till the engine came—neither Richard Beecroft nor anyone belonging to the house came while I was there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-177" type="surname" value="LOWE"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-177" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD LOWE</persName> </hi>. I am a instable of the Hastings Borough Police—about five minutes to ten on the night of the 18th March, 1890,1 was called to the fire at 31, Pelham Street, Hastings—I followed Mr. Sabin in, and up the stairs—on the first landing I saw an earthenware candlestick, about three or four inches long, containing a candle about two inches long, which was burning—oil was running oil the landing, dripping down on the three steps towards where the candlestick was standing; the oil was alight, burning—further along the passage, in a corner, stood a tea urn with the tap partly turned on—it contained a small quantity of oil, which appeared to be paraffin—it had exhausted</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230046"/>
<p>itself, but there was a little left—in the left-hand corner, on the same floor, stood a round earthenware pan; that was burning, but what it was I cannot say; it seemed like methylated spirits, I could not see any oil—in the bedroom, on the same floor on the right-hand side, was a large stone jar laid down on its side, about a foot from the bed; that was burning from the mouth when I went in—I extinguished that flame; I blew it out—the bed, which was close by, was saturated; it smelt like paraffin—the fire in the bedroom was quite a distinct and separate fire from the one on the landing; it could not be communicated from one to the other—after we came down, when the fire was put out, I found another stone jar, containing about two gallons of paraffin oil, under the stairs of the landing where the fire was burning, it had not reached there—I did not know Richard Beecroft at that time—I afterwards heard that he had been the occupier—our men were looking for him the whole of that night—search was made for him; he could not be found.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. The gas was burning in the kitchen, on the ground floor—the house was lighted both by gas and oil—I have been in the force just on nine years—it is my duty to make a written report to my superiors of the fires I attend—if I form a conclusion that a fire is an incendiary one it is not my duty to put that in my report—we usually put the facts we see, not opinions of our own—I have only sent in one report of a fire before this—if I am of opinion that a fire is wilfully caused, it is not my duty to make a written report of that, but to mention it verbally—I did not mention to anyone except the inspector that I considered this an incendiary fire.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I reported the facts I found, which I have stated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-178" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-178" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-178" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA BAKER</persName> </hi>. I am now living at Greenwich—in 1890 I was employed as servant at 31, Pelham Street, Hastings, both before and after Mr. Woodcock left—I remember Richard Beecroft coining into possession on 1st March, 1890; he agreed to keep me there as servant—on Tuesday, 18th March, about half-past six in the evening, Richard Beecroft spoke to me—in consequence of what he said I went out for that evening at seven o'clock—I came home at ten, and found the place on fire—when I left I left Richard Beecroft only on the premises—he had the key of the door—he wished me to take it; I did not, because the door was a job to open—it was at his suggestion that I went out that evening; I had not asked to go out—I was to be back at half-past ten—he knew where I was going, home—I did not see him when I returned; I went to the Gaiety Theatre to look for him; he had told me he was going there—I did not find him there; I never saw him again—the brewing can, or tea can, was kept in a cupboard in the passage on the ground floor—I had seen it there that day; I moved it from the scullery into that cupboard—it was not used while I was there—I had been there about six or eight months, as far as I know; no paraffin was kept in it; there was none in it when I moved it—the large earthenware pan was in the same cupboard when I left the house; that was used for cooking purposes—we did not keep candles on the staircase; there were none there when I left—there was no stone jar in the bedroom with paraffin in it—paraffin was kept in the house, to burn in lamps; about two gallons was usually bought at a time; the last two gallons had come in on the Tuesday—there was some business done in the coffeehouse while Richard Beecroft was there; not very much—he had been</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230047"/>
<p>there nine or ten days with me and Miss Standing; she left on the Saturday—Fouraker stayed in the house as a lodger; he came on the Saturday as the fire occurred on the Tuesday; he slept in the house on Saturday, and left on Monday morning—I never saw anybody else in the house; he was the only person who slept there—when Richard Beecroft came his brother Joseph came with him; he came to look over the house with him—I did not go back to the premises after the fire; I was staying opposite—the oil was kept in a large can—I did not know of any large can holding two gallons on the premises.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. I don't think I told Richard Beecroft that I should return before ten; I am not sure.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. It was on 1st March that Joseph Beecroft came and looked over the house—I never saw him again.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KISCH</hi>. I can't say at what time Fouraker left—I remained in the house all day Monday and Tuesday, till I was asked to leave—I did not see Fouraker after the early part of Monday morning—there was nothing in the house to excite my suspicion when I left; no cans about or any things in their wrong places—Fouraker was not helping in the business at all; simply staying there as a lodger—we used to let the bedrooms to people that came, and we let one to him; Richard Beecroft let the bed—Fouraker was out a good deal during the two days—I don't remember what sort of weather it was at that time—he was out the best part of Saturday and Sunday.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He and Richard were both out together; they went out together—I asked Richard if he was a friend, and he said no—I thought they were friends.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-179" type="surname" value="COOTE"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-179" type="given" value="HENRY JAMES"/>HENRY JAMES COOTE</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Alfred L. Sayer, a solicitor at Hastings—he is agent to the Sun Fire Office, of London—on 6th March, 1890, a man giving the name of Richard Beecroft called at our office as to the insurance of certain furniture, stock, and fixtures of a coffee-house at 31, Pelham Street, Hastings—I took down the particulars—he wanted to insure for £550, £350 on furniture, £150 on fixtures, and £50 on stock and utensils—I went to 31, Pelham Street, and looked round—it was a medium class of furniture—I suggested some separate insurance; ha declined that, and said he would rather leave it as it was—I accepted the insurance for the £550—I believe he paid half-a-crown, for which, I believe, I gave him a receipt—I filled up an order-sheet for a policy to be made out, and sent it to the Sun Fire Office, 63, Threadneedle Street; that was about the 12th March, and on the 20th a policy came down from London, made out for £550 in the name of Richard Beecroft; this is the policy (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>); a notice was sent to Richard Beecroft, at 31, Pelham Street, stating that the policy was awaiting him; it was never called for, it was never taken up, and it was returned by me to London on the 14th April—I never saw him afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-180" type="surname" value="HEALE"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-180" type="given" value="HECTOR CHARLES"/>HECTOR CHARLES HEALE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Sun Fire Office, London—on 13th March I received an order for an insurance on the premises, 31, Pelham Street, Hastings—a policy was made out and sent to our agent on the 19th—on the 14th April it was returned, stating that it had not been taken up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-181" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-181" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LEONARD</persName> </hi>. In 1886-7 I was secretary to the Coffee Tavern Company—at Christmas, 1886, the prisoner, Joseph Adams, purchased from our company the business of a coffee-house at 83, Newington Butts</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230048"/>
<p>—he paid £60 for the fixtures and plant in the house, the whole contentsof the place; and the policy of insurance which was then existing in the West of England Fire Office for £1,175 was transferred to him—that did not include the house—we were very desirous of getting rid of the house—it was a long lease and not paying—a large amount was spent adapting the place to our requirements; we had a lease of about thirty years to run; the rent was £125—in February, 1887, Adams also purchased from us the coffee-house, 228, East India Dock Road—he paid us, I think, £150 for the furniture, fixtures and plant—this is the agreement—we had a policy, but that was not transferred; he said he would take out a new one.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. I heard that Adams made considerable alterations in the house in Newington Butts—the fixtures were underrated at £60—they would cost about £300 to replace—the policy was drawn out on the expenditure we made; that is the usual course—it was a house that would require expenditure, if any additional trade was to be done there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-182" type="surname" value="AYLING"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-182" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES AYLING</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the West of England Fire Insurance Office—in 1882 a policy was issued on the contents and rent of a coffee-tavern, 83, Newington Butts—on 30th December, 1886, that policy was transferred to Joseph Adams, of 22, Blackfriars Road—I produce a certified copy of that policy, having received the original back—on 28th February, 1887, we received notice of a fire at 83, Newington Butts, in consequence of which we placed the matter in the bands of our assessors, Messrs. Toplis and Harding—on 7th March a claim was sent to the office, under which damage to the contents was made for £703 2s. 4d.—that was a claim made by the valuer, F. C. Walter, on behalf of Joseph Adams—on 21st March we had an. acceptance signed by Joseph Adams, agreeing to take £480 in full, settlement of that claim—on 30th March an order for £48 I was drawn, and on 2nd April this receipt was signed by Joseph Adams; there was a condition that the sum assured be reduced by the amount paid until renewal; so that if there had been a fire next day he would only be liable for £480—the next premium became due in September, 1887—On 22nd September the office stated that they would not accept a renewal of. the policy, and it never was renewed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. In an ordinary risk we do not survey the property, one in which there is no trade process or manufacture, such as a Coffee Tavern Company, from which we have a great many insurances—we rely to a great extent on the liability of the customer—we have nothing to complain of in the way in which the Coffee Tavern, Company insure—we do not think they overrate the risk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-183" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-183" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LEONARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-called</hi>). There are a lot of things in the list which were not in the policy when we sold—whether they were there at the time or not I cannot say—this does not represent the things that were left, but considerably more—there is an item for a six-feet kitchen range, £55—I don't know what was allowed for that; that was not in at the time we transferred the premises to Adams; this list represents furniture which we had not there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-184" type="surname" value="WELCH"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-184" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WELCH</persName> </hi> (218
<hi rend="italic">W</hi>). On Sunday morning, 27th February, 1887, about 2.30, I was on duty in Newington Butts, and discovered the coffee-house, No. 83, was on fire—I first saw fire coming from the first</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230049"/>
<p>floor front window—when I got up to the shop I found it was on fire on the ground floor—I saw two men on the roof; they turned out to be the prisoner, Joseph Beecroft, and a man named Reynolds, who was afterwards discharged by the Magistrate—they were brought down by the fire-escape—they were partly dressed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. They were shouting very loudly for help—I was a hundred yards away when the Are first attracted my attention—the two men on the roof were in actual danger—they were carried across to a neighbour's—when I came up the flames were in the front room ground floor—the shutters were not up; I could see through the window—the flames were going up the side where the lift was—the shop itself was not on fire.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. It was a four-storey house—two above where I saw the fire—the men on the roof could not hare come through the house because of the fire; the staircase was in flames.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-185" type="surname" value="ANSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-185" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN ANSELL</persName> </hi> I am a fireman in the Metropolitan Fire Brigade—on Sunday morning, 27th February, 1887, I was in charge of the fireescape at the Elephant and Castle—about 3 a.m. I went to 83, Newington Butts with the fire-escape—the fire was burning apparently in the basement; it had sprung up to the first floor; I could not tell whether the staircase was burning—I put the escape up to the house and brought down two men from the roof—one was Reynolds; I cannot recognise the other—they gave their names as Joseph Beecroft and Herbert Reynolds—I saw them taken across the road into a neighbour's house—Reynolds I had to carry down the escape, the other I assisted down—I went on to the roof to them—Beecroft appeared to be gathering up some money, some small amount—after I had got them down I went to the third floor window—the place was full of smoke at that time; it would have been impossible for anyone to have got down the staircase—there are houses adjoining.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. There would have been great difficulty in getting on to the roofs of the adjoining houses—the men were within two or three minutes of the fire burning under their feet; their feet were bare; they were in their shirts and trousers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-186" type="surname" value="BOLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-186" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BOLAND</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the Salvage Corps—I was calle ✗ to the fire at 83, Newington Butts, on 27th February—I got there about 2.20—the fire was then well alight—I did not at that time form any opinion where it had originated—I examined the premises next day, and then formed the opinion that it had originated at the foot of the wooden lift on the basement—I found there some remains of shavings and newspapers; I swept it up in a heap, about two basketsful—it appeared to me to smell very strongly of paraffin, or something of that description—I drew she surveyor's attention to it at the time—I saw a clothes-horse there and clothes on it; they were scorched, not burnt—the fire must have spread very quickly—the lift went straight up from the basement to the first floor ceiling—there was a coffee-room on the first floor; the lift was to take up the eatables from the basement—there were refreshment-rooms on the ground floor—On the 15th November, 1890, about 11 p.m., I was called to a fire at 28, Southampton Street, Strand—the fire seemed to have started in a cupboard under the stairs on the ground floor, and to have spread up the staircase; it missed the first floor front room, but attacked the whole of the rooms above—I remained there in charge—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230050"/>
<p>about two days after Joseph Adams came there with Eccles and Henry Core—Adams was there on several occasions, but Cove only on one—they went over the premises—Leach came there once—I saw those four there together.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. I mentioned the smell of paraffin at I once to Mr. Fiddiman, the surveyor—I did not form any conclusion as to whether it was an incendiary fire or not; it is not my place to form it, if I had—it would have been my duty to mention it to the Salvage Corps, and report it to my superiors—I should say this fire was caused very suddenly, from the way in which it travelled—I should say there was only one fire—I should say it was a very strong fire, from what I could see of it—there was nothing to create suspicion of anyone—I have known Adams since the Newington Butts fire—I have seen him several times since then—I have to keep a written report of fires—I was subpœnaed in this case at the time of the Bedfont case; that was about three years after the Newington fire—during that time I have seen Adams once or twice—I never had any suspicion that he had been engaged in anything of this kind.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. The two basketsful of stuff were inside the foot of the lift—as far as I could see they had not been touched before I came there—the tray of the lift would come within about three feet of the floor of the kitchen—between the bottom of the lift and the floor at the sides there are wooden uprights to support the lift; the lift would act as a kind of flue, there would be a draught; that would explain the suddenness of the fire—if a person was in the kitchen at the time the fire broke out there would be no difficulty in his getting from the hall to the street door; he would be out into the street in half a minute.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-187" type="surname" value="FIDDIMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-187" type="given" value="WILLIAM HILL"/>WILLIAM HILL FIDDIMAN</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Toplis and Harding, assessors to the West of England Insurance Company—in consequence of a notice from the insurance company I went to 83, Newington Butts, on the 28th February, and made an examination of the premises; I should say the fire had originated in or near the lift in the basement on the right-hand side of the kitchener—it had travelled up the lift to the first floor—the staircase was intact, but the rooms above had suffered from heat and smoke—there was a step-ladder on the second floor, leading to a trapdoor in the roof—I believe I saw Adams a short time after the fire, at our office; at that time he was wearing a beard, he came as a person chiming from the office—he said he thought the fire was attributable to a defect in the flue of the kitchener—I saw the range; in my judgment it could not have been so—the seat of the fire appeared to be in the flue itself—there were nine inches of brickwork between the lift and the kitchener—the claim for £703 was put before me, sent in by a man named Walker, an agent acting for Adams—I saw Walker; also Mr. Hubbard, acting as solicitor for Adams—after negotiating with them I settled the claim for. £480.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. I surveyed the premises for the first time after the fire—I had not heard of a fire occurring there before—I should say the house had been built perhaps thirty or thirty-five years.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. I thoroughly surveyed the premises from room to room—it took me a considerable time to go through the items of the claim—I have said, "When I surveyed the premises I had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189205230051"/>
<p>no suspicion that it was an incendiary fire; afterwards I was not satisfied that it was not accidental"—nothing particular that I saw during my surrey excited my suspicion.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It was the position of the fire that caused me to think it was not accidental—it could not be accounted for except that it was from a defect in the flue—I at once examined the flue—the brickwork seemed to be intact, therefore it was not from the defective flue—the lift was the seat of the fire, it was the hottest part; all traces to show how it might have originated had been taken away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920523-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920523-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-188" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18920523-name-188" type="given" value="ANDREW WILLIAM"/>ANDREW WILLIAM REED</persName> </hi>. I am assessor to the Liverpool, London and Globe Insurance Company, in which the building, 83, Newington Butts, was insured by the landlord—after the fire in February I went to see what damage was done, incidentally I looked to the cause—I came to the conclusion that the fire originated at the lift; the flue was adjoining the lift—there was no defect in the flue, and nothing to lead me to believe that the fire was caused by any defect in the flue, there were nine inches of brickwork between the shaft of the lift and the kitchener—I cannot suggest any mode by which the fire could have been accidentally caused.</