<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>EVANS, MAYOR.</p>
<persName id="t18920307-name-1">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-1" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES DROVER"/>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</persName> </p>
<persName id="t18920307-name-2">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-2" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-2" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<persName id="t18920307-name-3">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-3" type="surname" value="BESLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-3" type="given" value="EDWARD T. E."/>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY</persName>, ESQ.,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
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<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, March 7th, 1892, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-4" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-4" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID EVANS</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-5" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-5" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD LEVIN"/>ARCHIBALD LEVIN SMITH</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-6" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-6" type="given" value="JAMES CLARKE"/>JAMES CLARKE LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-7" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-7" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Bart., and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-8" type="surname" value="SAVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-8" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SAVORY</persName> </hi>, Bart., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-9" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-9" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q. C., M. P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-10" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-10" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-11" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-11" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HART</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-12" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-12" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-13" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-13" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-14" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-14" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK GREEN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-15" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-15" type="given" value="JAMES THOMSON"/>JAMES THOMSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-16" type="surname" value="POUND"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-16" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POUND</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-17" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-17" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-17" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q. C., D. C. L., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-18" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-18" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-18" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LL</hi>. D., Judge of the Sheriffs' Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-19" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-19" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-19" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-20" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-20" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-20" type="given" value="HARRY SEYMOUR"/>HARRY SEYMOUR FOSTER</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-21" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-21" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-21" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HILL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARENCE RICHARD HALES</hi>,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EVANS, MAYOR. FIFTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two start</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have Seen more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, March</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-312-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-312-18920307" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-312-18920307" type="surname" value="FRYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-312-18920307" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WILLIAM FRYER</hi> (24)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18920307-312-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
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<interp inst="t18920307-312-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> for unlawfully obtaining £100, from
<persName id="t18920307-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-23" type="surname" value="CAWTHORN"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-23" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-312-offence-1 t18920307-name-23"/>Charles James Cawthorn</persName>, by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEMP</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACKWELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-24" type="witnessName">
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<interp inst="t18920307-name-24" type="surname" value="CAWTHORN"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-24" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES CAWTHORN</persName> </hi>. I live at Leamington, but temporarily in London, and am a land agent—towards the end of August last year I saw an advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Telegraph</hi>—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is it—I replied to that advertisement, and in reply received a letter signed Frederick William Fryer—in consequence of that I called on the prisoner on 29th August, at his office, in Lowden House, Surrey Street, Strand—he said that he wanted a secretary for a company which had been started some time, and had taken over a paper called
<hi rend="italic">The British Building Journal</hi>, illustrated—he showed me a paper similar to this—before he showed it me he said the paper was a thorough sound-going concern, and had been running for a considerable period—I perused the paper and said, "You have some good advertisements here, some from leading houses in London"—having had considerable experience in advertisements, and knowing it to be a custom among newspapers to insert
<hi rend="italic">dummy</hi> advertisements, that is, copies from other papers, I said, "Are all these advertisements genuine? and I pointed to three in particular; one was the Sun Fire Office, one the Birkbeck Bank, and the other the Comptroller of the City—he said that every one of the advertisements was genuine—I then asked him what the circulation of the paper was—he said it was 2,000 weekly—I asked him whether the paper was published regularly every week—he said it had only once missed being published each week from its commencement—as it was about lunch-time, he suggested I had better go and get some lunch and come back in the afternoon, which I did; and he then said he would be pleased to appoint me as secretary on condition that I advanced £100, which would be returned at one month's notice—I replied that I was pleased with the representations he had</p>
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<p>made to me regarding the paper, but that as I knew nothing about him I must have some further evidence as to his status—he said, "Oh, I can give you this, Mr. Cawthorn, easily;" and then went on to say, "I have a large estate at Greenhithe, in Kent, for which I paid £20,000, and I am at the present time in receipt of an income, from houses already built on the estate, of over £700 a year," showing me at the same time a plan, with the estate cut up into plots—he then went on to say, "I am one of the surveyors of the London School Board," and also showed me a letter, which he read to me. (
<hi rend="italic">Mr. J. M. Kent, managing clerk to the solicitors for the prosecution, proved the service of a notice to produce this letter, by leaving it with the porter at the prisoner's office. The prisoner handed in the letter, which purported to come from the London School Board, dated March</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891,
<hi rend="italic">returning his account to be amended by charging an additional fee</hi>)—I think the prisoner said he had charged eight or nine guineas—while looking at the letter he explained the circumstances of the transaction—I said it was only a valuation which any auctioneer or land agent could do, and not any survey at all—he replied, "I know that; I was only showing that as an instance to show how foolish the School Board are; but I have done scores of surveys for them at other times"—after that he said, "I think I have shown you I am a man of position, and the only reason I ask you to advance the £100 is because your position here will be a responsible one; you will sometimes have large sums of money passing through your hands, and as it is usual with all other firms in London, where men hold responsible positions, are asked for adequate security of some kind, I thought I should like to have one also"—he then said, "I want to be absent from town all next week, and I should like to have this matter settled before I go, and should like to have this cheque"—I said, "Relying on the representations you have made to me, I am willing to deposit my cheque for £100, on the understanding that you secure me by giving me one hundred fully paid-up six per cent, preference shares, redeemable at one month's notice"—he replied, "I am a man of honour, and I hope you are, and you may rely on the representations I have made to you"—he then dictated to me an agreement appointing me his secretary at £100 per annum—this is the agreement—the body of it is in my writing, and he signed it—this is the other agreement. (
<hi rend="italic">These agreements were both dated 29th August</hi>, 1891;
<hi rend="italic">the first agreed to appoint the prosecutor private secretary to the defendant, at a salary of</hi> £ 100
<hi rend="italic">per annum, and to have Kim proposed as secretary to the</hi> British Building Journal;
<hi rend="italic">the second stated that in consideration of his having handed him</hi> £100,
<hi rend="italic">he agreed to transfer to him two hundred fully paid-up shares in the said building society, and to take back the said shares and repay the</hi> £100
<hi rend="italic">in the event of the company going into liquidation</hi>)—when the prisoner suggested that he wanted to go away the following week, I suggested that I should be absent at the same time to go to North Devon—I wrote these agreements at the prisoner's dictation—he then wanted me to give him my cheque; but as I was not quite satisfied to have to wait till the following Friday week for the shares, I required before parting with my cheque an additional security—upon that he said, "I will give you a cheque on my bankers for £100, but you must not pay it in for a week after you have commenced your duties"—he said I should have my shares on the following Friday week, at the same time he said, "I always keep a</p>
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<p>good substantial balance at my bankers, and there is plenty there to meet this cheque"—this is the cheque he gave me. (
<hi rend="italic">This was a cheque for</hi> £100
<hi rend="italic">on the Western Bank of London, Charing Cross, payable to Frederick William Fryer, endorsed by the prisoner, and was marked, "account closed</hi> 13-9-91")—I thereupon gave him my cheque for £ 100; this is it. (
<hi rend="italic">This was on the Metropolitan and Birmingham Bank, Limited</hi>)—I have since inquired of the persons about the advertisements I saw in the paper. (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner admitted that the advertisements were in his handwriting</hi>)—I commenced my duties on Monday, February 7th—I had not been in the office more than an hour before the prisoner came, in great haste, saying he had left his cheque-book behind, and as he had to make a very important payment that morning, would I mind loaning him £40 till to-morrow, in the meantime he would give me, as security, a bill for £44, drawn by a Mr. W. Peek, who, he stated, was a well-known solicitor in London, and a member of the firm of Mason and Co., of 37, Sackville Street—I said I did not know him, and would be glad if he would lend me a Law list—he said he had not one, but I might take his word of honour that it was truth—this conversation took place in his private office, in Surrey Street, Strand—I said, "Upon these representations I will advance you the money until tomorrow"—at lunch-time that day I went and made inquiries whether this Mr. Peek was a solictor, and I found he was nothing more or less than a solicitor's clerk—this is the bill the prisoner gave me. (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated August</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891,
<hi rend="italic">payable at the Western Bank of London, Charing Cross</hi>)—upon having this bill I gave him my cheque for £40—this is it, dated 8th September, 1891—I did not receive the money on the following day—I received a £10 note about eight days afterwards from the prisoner—upon finding that Peek was not a solicitor, I saw that I had been defrauded, and the next day I made inquiry as to the prisoner's other representations he had made to me, and I found that the paper was not published for three or four weeks at a time, and that the advertisements were not genuine—I have never been able to discover any solicitor named Peek—after I found out, from the fellows in the office, that the representations he had made were false, I went and taxed him pointedly, and said, "What have you to say?"—he said, "I admit I ought not to have made those misrepresentations, but if you stick to me things will be all right later on"—I said, "How can I stick to you? I find you have not even paid any rent the whole time you have been in these large offices, and that three distress warrants have been taken out against you by the landlord, Mr. Home"—I also told him that I found he had left his last office steeped in debt, and notwithstanding that he took these large offices, double the size and more than double the rent; then again I said, "What about the creditors who have been coming in all this week threatening pro feedings?"—creditors had been coming in all day long during the whole time I was there, money-lenders and others—he said, "Dont you fear about them, I have been in this predicament before; let them take proceedings; I can talk any judge or jury over, and then I can plead my age"—I said, "How can I stick to you, a swindler?"—that was all the conversation that took place at that time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> The last conversation I have mentioned took place in your private office—I did not mention that at Bow Street, because I was told to state the simple facts of the case—I solemnly swear</p>
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<p>you made that statement—I had never seen you before Saturday, 29th August—you asked me to call in the afternoon of that day to talk the matter over, and it was then I agreed to give you the £100 on the security of the shares—I think I only saw one of the paper then, and took it away—I saw at the bottom of the inside cover that information in respect of the advertisements could be obtained of W. J. King, 15, Walbrook, but I never saw that till the last time; it is not in this one—I asked you if the advertisements were inserted every Friday—I never knew who was the owner of the Greenhithe Estate—I did not see a copy of the contract till I had been three days in the office—nothing was said about the School Board till the afternoon—it was after you had made that statement that I paid you the £100—you did not show me the agreement with the company till after I was in the office—I did not take away a copy of the paper at the first interview, not till I went to North Devon, and you told me to read it while I was away on my holiday—you showed me a number of cheques—when you gave me your cheque you asked me to keep it back till the week after I commenced my duties, and in the meantime I should probably have the shares, and then I need not pay it in—I have not received fully paid-up shares, only the shares that were cancelled; I made out all the shares in the office, yours included—you asked me to make them cut, to fill up my time, saying there was to be a meeting on the Monday; they were made out previous to allotment—I attended two meetings of the directors—I was secretary to the company, but the facts were concealed from me—you told me that the agreements were confirmed, and that they were registered—you afterwards told me that there was no agreement; that was after I found it all out—you wanted the allotment to allow you to borrow money on them; directly you got them you went to several money dealers in the City to borrow money on them, as you were hard up—I was not aware that there was a liability of £2,000 on the shares—you and I were elected as secretaries, but at the second meeting I resigned—the shares I wrote out were cancelled by the directors at the board meeting; I made them out on your instructions—I paid in your cheque on 18th September; I commenced my duties on the 7th—you wrote me one letter while I was away on my holiday—I should not like to swear whether you stated that the company was registered or about to be registered; you told me that the company was already formed, and there had been several Board meetings—you did not show me a prospectus without the names of the directors on it; I never saw the prospectus—you did not tell me that if I came to the company now you could let me have two hundred shares for my £100 out of your own, but that you could not do it after the company was registered; the understanding was that you would secure me by giving me one hundred fully paid-up shares and one hundred ordinary shares—I paid in your cheque on the day stipulated, which was a week after I commenced my duties—I remember meeting you at Mr. Jenkins's office—I then mentioned that a receiving order had been made against you—I did not mention that I had paid in your cheque, because Mr. Jenkins was acting on your behalf—I did not go to him to act for me; I went to him to ask if you owed him money; he told me you owed him £80 or £90, and he was doing his best to obtain it from you—I suggested to him that you had defrauded me—I do not remember saying that the company could not go on—you</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070007"/>
<p>did not tell me to stick to the company and not be foolish if I did not want to lose my money—I did not promise to do so—you may have said that if I stuck to the company you would see that I got my money back, but if I resigned I should no doubt lose it—I gave you the £10 in the office; that was in part payment of the £44 bill that you promised to pay me on the following day—I did not tell you when I first came to you that I liked making small loans to people—I never did a loan in my life till I made it to you—I gave you the £40 because you asked me to lend it you, that you would get into trouble if you did not make an important payment that morning—Messrs. Edell and Gordon were acting for me on that date—I had instructed them to write to you for payment of the £44—it was simply a clerical error on their part in applying for the full amount; I instructed them to apply for the amount, less £10—I deny that you discounted the bill for me; you only gave it me as security till the next day; I did not know you, and would not lend money without some security—I made a demand for the £40 the following day—I never told Mr. Jenkins that if you looked after me I could stop any proceedings about to be taken against you—I said I had heard that a solicitor in the City would prosecute you, and I would do my best to stop it for you; I did not add, "if you paid me the money"—I have not the faintest idea of having said so; I went to see Mr. Jenkins under great excitement, and what I really said I don't know—some proceedings were taken against you—I was subpœnaed as a witness at this Court, but was not called; I do not know why—after the meeting at Mr. Jenkins's, I wrote a letter resigning my position as secretary—I did not go to Brighton with you as a friend—I went there on different business altogether, to persuade you to marry the girl you had ruined—I did not dine with you as a friend—I went to the theatre, not with you—I went to see my lawyer at Brighton; he was out; I can't remember his name at the moment—I was in your office after this many times; I was investigating and making inquiries in order to commence these proceedings—you saw me there—I went in there for about an hour every day, to make inquiries about statements I had heard—I never negotiated for the purchase of some houses on the estate at Greenhithe—I was asked to obtain £1,000 on a mortgage of seven or eight cottages there—I went down and saw your assistant there by appointment—that was after you were made bankrupt, after the receiving order—I was working in your room, but not with your assistant; he might have been there, but not the whole time—I have not subpœnaed him or Mr. Winchmore; I believe my solicitors have subpœnaed him—I gave instructions to my solicitors in this matter at the latter end of September; I could not commence all in a hurry; I had to consider the matter for some time—you may have introduced the solicitor's son to me in your office—I knew that solicitor was acting for you in bankruptcy proceedings, not in anything else—I went to him to ask if you owed him any money, because he knew more about you than any other solicitor—I do not think I was present at a Board meeting when you stated that a receiving order had been made against you—I do not remember the directors stating that they had seen the official receiver, and that there was no objection to completing the purchase—I told them that you had defrauded me; I may have said it to all of them; I believe I said it at an open meeting, but I won't swear</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070008"/>
<p>that—I believe the company was stopped on account of the receiving order, and the paper not being worth anything—I never heard that your landlord volunteered to find £2,000 to carry on the paper—I have subpœnaed Mr. Hill as a witness—I believe I was here at the last hearing of this case—I never stated that if you took action against me I would protect myself and you should not be able to get a penny from me; that it was all in my wife's name—I never remember making such a statement; I won't swear it—I never saw the agreement or contract of the vendor for the purchase of the estate—you did not say that you were going to acquire the estate, and that a firm of solicitors were willing to advance the money—I did not say that I thought it a very good thing, and that we could work it together—I did not go to the agent for the advertisements, because I never knew that you had an agent—I did not see it on the paper that day; I may have seen it, but I did not notice it that day—I have not been round to a great many of your creditors, to induce them to come and give evidence against you; all who have given evidence were subpœnaed by my solicitor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I believe the company has gone to smash—it was by the prisoner's instructions that I drew some of the shares before they were allotted—the directors told me to cancel them—I have not received any of those shares, nor has anyone else; I went to Brighton with the prisoner, because he came to me on the Monday after the receiving order and asked me to come down on account of some little trouble he had got into with someone, I think he said he was contemplating marriage, or I may be mistaken about that—I said I was willing to go with him as I had to make a call at Brighton that evening; he said he was staying at the Markham's hotel—he said he had ruined a girl.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-25" type="surname" value="LOMAT"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-25" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK LOMAT</persName> </hi> I am a clerk in the Birkbeck Bank—I do not attend to the advertisement department—I know what advertisements are given out; there is an advertisement of the Birkbeck Bank in this paper—it was not issued under the authority of the bank, nor did they pay for it; no payment has ever been demanded.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have never known any advertisements of our institution having been inserted without payment; I don't know that it is done.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have not paid for it, or given anyone authority to do so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-26" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-26" type="given" value="HOWARD"/>HOWARD FLETCHER</persName> </hi>. I am one of the officials of the Sun Fire Office—I attend to the advertisement department—this advertisement of the Sun Fire Office was not ordered by my authority, nor have I paid anything for it—I know the prisoner—he had an office in Walbrook—I believe he has not paid his rent for those premises; but that is not part of my business.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-27" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-27" type="surname" value="NORTON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-27" type="given" value="MINTER"/>MINTER NORTON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to the Bridge House Committee; I have to issue advertisements—this advertisement was not issued by my authority, or paid for by me; I should be the person to speak about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-28" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-28" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH FREEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am one of the officials of the Carpenters' Company the advertisement in this paper was not issued by the authority of the company, or paid for by them—if it had been I should be the person to know about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-29" type="surname" value="DAWSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-29" type="given" value="OLIVER SAMUEL"/>OLIVER SAMUEL DAWSON</persName> </hi>. I am an engineer and zincographer at 35, Essex Street, Strand—my firm engraved all the blocks that illus
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070009"/>
<hi rend="italic">British Building Journal</hi>, the prisoner's paper—he first employed us about the beginning of April, 1891; there were twelve issues of the paper altogether, I think—I know nothing of its financial position—we have not been paid a farthing for what we did—my firm are creditors for something over £30 in the bankruptcy proceedings that have been taken against the prisoner—we gave the prisoner a certain amount of credit, and when we pressed for payment he called and produced a telegram which purported to be an offer of some thousands for certain property at Greenhithe, which he explained he was selling, and that we should soon be paid—I formed the opinion from what he said that he had received an offer for certain property of his own—I cannot say whether he said it was his own—he gave us a bill which was dishonoured.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We saw your manager rather as to details, but I don't think we went into the question of money till we saw you—I know the manager well—if there is any customary credit in our business it is monthly accounts, I think—when we wrote and saw you with reference to the account you referred us to a solicitor—he told me you owed him certain money, and that if I stopped doing your work the paper would be stopped, and we should none of us be paid—I heard from someone about that time that you proposed to form a company to run this journal—I don't remember saving at the Police-court that the solicitor told me that if I
<hi rend="italic">stuck</hi> to the paper a company was about to take it over and we should be paid, and that on that I agreed to give further credit if you gave us a bill—I presume it was the solicitor who told me about the company—I did not know with regard to the telegram whether it was money to buy the estate or on mortgage—I don't think the telegram I saw was so long as this—I have had a little experience in journalism—if the paper had had money behind it, and was run properly, I think it would have had a success—I was editor of a journal for four and a half years, and I never knew of
<hi rend="italic">dummy</hi> advertisements put in to fill up until genuine ones were got.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The success of a newspaper depends in a very great measure on advertisements—an advertisement put in and purporting to come from a good source might be a bait for other and genuine ones.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-30" type="surname" value="EVERETT"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-30" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM EVERETT</persName> </hi>. I was formerly the senior partner in the firm of Everett and Son. advertising agents, of Salisbury Square—we published the
<hi rend="italic">British Building Journal</hi> from No. 1 to No. 11—all the copies did not pass through our hands—I should say the circulation was perhaps something like two thousand sometimes; it was knocked about by interregnums when it was not published—when it came into our firm I was going out of the firm; my son should have been subpoenaed—I have not spoken to the prisoner since he was last here—I do not think the circulation of the paper ever exceeded one thousand copies a week when we published it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I stated at Bow Street that I did not know what the circulation of the paper was, we had such a number of copies come back after they were sent out on sale, and that only showed a small circulation—a great number of copies were sent out besides those that came to us, which are all that I know of—I cannot say I remember hearing Mr. Archer say at Bow Street that he never printed less than five thousand copies—we certainly did not have the circulation of that five thou
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070010"/>
<p>copies, but only the quantity sent to us, and I should have no idea what the circulation of the paper was except the number we sent round to our customers—the paper was progressing—I and my son thought that if it had been properly backed up it would have been a success.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-31" type="surname" value="LENFANT"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-31" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LENFANT</persName> </hi>. I am one of the record keepers of the Court of Bankruptcy—I produce the file of proceedings in the prisoner's bankruptcy—the petition was on 8th August, 1891; the receiving order on 12th September; accounts filed on 6th October—I find no asset worth £20,000, or any other sum the creditors are the Western Bank of London for £50, Burgess £188, Edell and Gordon £70, Imperial Bank £60, London and Suburban Bank £60, and Packman £250; the total liabilities are £2,309 17s. 4d.—there are no assets—he filed an amended statement on 5th December—the date of his adjudication is 10th November, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The report of the Official Receiver shows £42 assets.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-32" type="surname" value="DURNFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-32" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DURNFORD</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant in the Surveyor's Department of the London School Board—there is one surveyor to the Board, Mr. W. S, Cook, and one assistant, Mr. Green; the prisoner has never been a surveyor in our service—I have been seventeen years in the Board's service.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> "When the Board wish to sell property they engage as independent surveyor to value the property—this is a letter from the School Board—Mr. Helby was chairman of the Works Committee-members of that committee have power to appoint gentlemen to make valuations; they keep no list of such valuers—I believe Mr. Helby nominated you to survey this property—a long period might elapse before a surveyor was called in to make a second valuation for the Board, or he might never again be called in.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner was called on to make this valuation because he was not in the service of the Board—he certainly could not be described as being in the service of the Board.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-33" type="surname" value="HORNE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-33" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR HORNE</persName> </hi>. I carry on business at 4, Upper Thames Street—the prisoner was tenant of some offices of mine at Surrey Street—I have nothing to say against him; he made no misrepresentations to me—I understood that he was an architect—he gave me two satisfactory references—he was there about two quarters—I got no rent from him, but I did not push him; I think he was applied to—I was quite content to wait—this is a most rotten prosecution—I was not examined at the Police-court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am the practical bead of a hardware firm—I have heard of your paper—I thought it would be a great success, and we were quite prepared to take it up—when it stopped for a time I was open to finance it; it was all arranged, and instructions were given for an agreement, which would have been signed in a few days but for the proceedings at the Mansion House.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have not advanced anything in respect of this paper—it would be such a paper as such people as ourselves would advertise in—I did not advertise in it; it was a new thing—I have not had anything to do with newspapers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-34" type="surname" value="CHARLTON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-34" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS CHARLTON</persName> </hi>. I am caretaker at offices in London Street, Surrey Street, Strand—the prisoner was occupying offices when I went there, and remained there for four or five months after I went—he had no occasion to pay me—Mr. Horne pays me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070011"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know what I am here for—I should not know if you paid your rent.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in the course of a long defence, said that a company was formed to carry on the paper; that Cawthorn, with others, applied for the secretary-ship; that he never told Cawthorn that all the advertisements were genuine; nor that he was a surveyor to the School Board, although he told him that he had valued for the Board; that he never told Cawthorn that he owned the Greenhithe estate, but that he was going to purchase it by means of a mortgage, for which solicitors were going to find the money; that he made no specific statement as to the issue of the paper being</hi> 2,000
<hi rend="italic">copies a week; that Cawthorn's</hi> £100
<hi rend="italic">was paid for the purchase of</hi> 200
<hi rend="italic">shares in the newspaper company, and that he told Cawthorn that after a month's notice he could have his</hi> £100
<hi rend="italic">back in exchange for the</hi> 200
<hi rend="italic">shares; and he denied that he had any, intention to defraud.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner called the following Witnesses.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-35" type="surname" value="REES"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-35" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY REES</persName> </hi>. I am a patentee and financial agent—I occasionally assist in bringing out industrial companies—I have known you for three or four years—you consulted me as to procuring more capital for the
<hi rend="italic">British Building Journal</hi>, and I suggested that a company would be the best way, and I assisted to form the company—I have a
<hi rend="italic">clientele</hi> who subscribe to industrial undertakings—I acted as secretary
<hi rend="italic">pro tem.</hi>, up to Mr. Cawthorn's appointment—I was present when he was elected secretary, and I have a record of it on the minutes—I knew afterwards that he held, as your nominee, £100 of interest in the company—I was present when the agreement was adopted by the Board for the purchase from you of the paper; I approved of it—you were to have 1,000 ordinary and 1,000 preference shares, all fully paid, and £500 in, cash—I was present when the shares were allotted to you and the paper handed over—Mr. Cawthorn made out the shares, but they bore a date before that on which the agreement had been filed at Somerset House, which rendered them illegal and we had to cancel them—I was present when you made a statement to the directors that a receiving order had been made against you; we made inquiry of the Official Receiver, and found there was no objection to our going on, and so we went on—the receiving order against you did not stop the company going on, and Cawthorn's. position as secretary was not interfered with—the Official. Receiver claimed the £500; he said that was all he should look after, he did not care about the 2,000 shares—it was proposed that the directors should run the paper until a meeting of your creditors was held, and they were willing to do so—I was present when Cawthorn handed you a letter resigning his position as secretary, I have the letter here in the minute, book—the resignation was accepted—nothing was said about his giving a month's notice, we did not know about that—I never heard that he had been defrauded out of his money by you; I did not know of the money till some time afterwards; that was not the ground of the resignation—I did not hear till afterwards that he had been defrauded of £10O—I don't know that it would have made any difference if we had known it; we appointed him secretary because he was your nominee, and you had brought the company to us—perhaps the directors would have preferred some one with an interest in the company; I don't think it affected us at all—my firm had arranged for a part of the capital to come into the company—my firm was then Harrison, Rees</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070012"/>
<p>and Co., now it is Rees and Co.—the prosecution against you by Messrs. Edell and Gordon at the Mansion House stopped the company—I cannot say that we knew till long afterwards (after the committal at the Mansion House) that some of the advertisements had not been paid for—I did not know, and do not know now, that some of them were not authorised to be put in—I know it is usual to put in
<hi rend="italic">dummy</hi> advertisements into new papers—I don't know if it is so when they are to be turned into a company—it might have made a difference in the value of the paper, as its income might have been less; I don't know how the directors would have looked at it—the directors had a very high opinion that a great paper could be made of it; we did not think its value was very great at that time; consideration was given to that—I was one of the witnesses when Messrs. Edell and Gordon prosecuted you—I am a considerable loser by the paper; the company was taking it over because they had a very extensive channel of their own for advertisements, and that was the reason of their valuing the paper so highly—we had one firm who could have filled it with advertisements, and we did not care what the past had been; we knew what we could make it in the future—I have known you for some time as an architect and surveyor, and I have never known anything of this nature against you—I am a creditor of yours for about £280 I should think.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> No one else is in my firm now—I am the Co. as well as the Rees—I have been in business as a chemist, I am not now—I first promoted public companies for my own patents twenty-three years ago I do not promote companies; I only act as registration agent—I am a financial agent, a person who stands between the seller of an article and the finder of the money—the man who buys an article for sixpence and sells it to the public for £5,000 is not a financial agent, but a promoter—the prisoner was his own promoter in this case—we only registered the company—we had no agreement to get anything out of it; we did it for what we were going to get out of the paper—I cannot say how much we were to get; that arrangement had to come no one can tell, I think, what we were to get—our arrangement was to be after the company was run—the company was not formed—before Cawthorn was secretary I acted as a friend; there was no remuneration—there was no promotion money—I was a friend of the prisoner—I did not know his affairs—I did not know he was asking the public to buy a paper representing
<hi rend="italic">dummy</hi> advertisements as
<hi rend="italic">bona fide</hi>—I never inquired—I did not know this was to be sold to the public; it was to be sold to a company—there were only seven or eight shareholders in it—they did not subscribe anything; they were to have done so—the £500 cash was to come from Messrs. Croggon, galvanised iron merchants—I cannot show you any statement by that firm that they ever advanced 1s. in respect of this matter—nobody advanced anything—it never went to the public—I advanced about £120 for expenses of promotion, for registration, and other fees—it would be paid at Somerset House—I paid it it was to be repaid by the company—the prisoner asked me to pay it—if the company was not formed Rees and Co. would have lost the money—I had a partner (Blackham) at the time the company was formed; he was the Co.—there was never a Harrison—I had offices at 32, Craven Street, Strand, for which I paid £110 a-year—I am still there, paying the rent—Blackham is a private</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070013"/>
<p>gentleman, not in business—I keep books—I have entries in them showing I have paid money in respect of this company—I have not got the books here—I have only got the minutes of the company here—I have acted as financial agent for twenty, thirty, or forty companies perhaps; twenty or thirty of them are alive—Ford and Co., Limited, and Geo Broughton and Co. are still alive—I acted for Ford and Co. three year ago—I was paid £100 or so, by instalments, for registering that company; we never do any more—the £100 included the registration fees we pay the fees, draw up the memorandum of association, and get it signed—I expected to get this British Building Journal to run—I was to have been a director—the company has not been wound up it exists now; it is proposed to start it now, and I think it will start—I cannot tell whether I propose to pay the same amount for it; that will be the company's business—no other secretary has been proposed than myself—the same gentlemen who did nothing before propose to start it again think.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I have read the prospectus of the company; I don't think there is any false statement here; of course when it was passed as being true we did not know what we know now, but glancing at it I don't know any statement that is wrong—it states that if a circulation of 20,000 is obtained there would be a dividend of 15 per cent, for the shareholders—the prospectus was not going to the public; there would not have been more than seven or eight shareholders in it, and we should not have asked the public to subscribe anything—I know it was open to finance the paper up to £2,000 when it was stopped.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-36" type="surname" value="BLACKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-36" type="given" value="WILLIAM PHILLIP"/>WILLIAM PHILLIP BLACKHAM</persName> </hi>. I am an independent gentleman—I was first spoken to by Mr. Rees as to joining the company as a director and I agreed, after considering the matter, to become a director—I was present when the prosecutor was elected secretary, and when you mentioned to the directors that a receiving order had been made they were annoyed—I and one or two others went round to see the Official Receiver, and after what he said we should have gone on, but the Police-court proceedings against you by Edell and Gordon stopped the company from completing the purchase—I was present when 2,000 shares were allotted to you—I don't remember whether the prosecutor signed them or whether 200 were in his name—he was acting as secretary at the tune—the directors were willing to carry on the paper themselves after proceedings were taken against you—I am not aware that the prosecutor's position as secretary would have been interfered with on account of the receiving order against you—I don't know if it would have lessened the value of his shares—I was willing to introduce a little capital into the concern—I was not introducing friends with capital at that moment; I had spoken to friends—I was a member of the firm of Harrison Rees and to. at that time—capital was not to be subscribed by my own private clientele, but by the clients of the firm; I believe there were various clients connected with the firm who would subscribe to industrial undertakings—I was a great loser—I do not say that you have deceived me as to the paper.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. Rees introduced me to the prisoner, who suggested that I should become a director of the company—the others directors were Mr. Rees, Mr. Pressland the prisoner; no others—I have not seen Mr. Rees since last night—we expected to find subscribers from</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070014"/>
<p>among the public—we should have gone to the public if we had not found sufficient subscribers among our own people, but we had not got far enough—we were working to promote a company—I don't remember any conversation as to offering it to the public or keeping it ourselves—I am not aware that at any time there were more persons in this company—I think the prospectus was drawn up by the prisoner before we entered the company—I am not doing anything at present, nor have I for some years—I was in a tin-plating business eight or nine years ago, I think—I was only in partnership with Mr. Rees for two or three months—our business was the registration of companies—I have gone by no other names except those of Blackham and Harrison—I was the Harrison, not the Co.—I first became acquainted with the prisoner at the office—if I was introduced to him at all it was by Rees; I was not introduced as Harrison, I signed that name—I have received letters addressed to Harrison, and have gone by that name.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was at the Board meeting when you proposed Cawthorn as secretary; I presume that was the only introduction I had to him—I was a director at that time—I have house property and independent means—I intended to find money to carry on the paper pending arrangements as to your bankruptcy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Court.</hi> I did not advance any money to the paper, but I guaranteed money and had to pay it, and I am a loser.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-37" type="surname" value="BLOWER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-37" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BLOWER</persName> </hi>. I have had about thirty-four years' experience in journalism; I was the proprietor up to the last two years of the
<hi rend="italic">Builders' Weekly Reporter and Engineering Times</hi>, which was a paper on much about the same lines as the
<hi rend="italic">British Building Journal</hi>, and in the same trade—I thought the
<hi rend="italic">British Building Journal</hi> had a great success before it, with a little capital behind it—I have known you for many years, and have had several transactions with you—I have had a great deal of trouble the last few years in getting money from you—you paid me when you could—further than that I know nothing against you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-38" type="surname" value="BASSETT"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-38" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWARD"/>GEORGE EDWARD BASSETT</persName> </hi>. I am employed by the Val de Travers Asphalte Paving Company, and have been subpœnaed by the prosecution—I have advertised in the
<hi rend="italic">British Building Journal</hi>, and have paid for the advertisement in the usual way, and I have a receipt—it was a thoroughly genuine advertisement.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I advertised five times in the paper, beginning in June—the date of the receipt is July 30th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I cannot say whether the paper was a sufficiently good medium to advertise in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-39" type="surname" value="ARCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-39" type="given" value="ROBERT WALKER"/>ROBERT WALKER ARCHER</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Carlyle Press—we printed the
<hi rend="italic">British Building Journal—I</hi> gave evidence for the prosecution at Bow Street—we printed 25,000 of the first number, and then 5,000 of the following numbers, with the exception of the last in September, when We had an order for 5,000; but the people who supplied the paper refusing to supply more paper till they got the money we only printed 800—we usually print a larger number when a newspaper is started, for the purposes of advertisement and otherwise—we printed 7,000 up to No. 6, and then 5,000 up to No. 11—there were twelve numbers in all—we print about twenty different papers, some very large ones—it is usual for new and old papers to put in
<hi rend="italic">dummy</hi> advertisements, especially for new ones.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070015"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a creditor against the prisoner—I should not like to give anything for the
<hi rend="italic">British Building Journal</hi>—there were twelve numbers between April and September: 5,000 copies was the whole issue of one number—there were 5,000 copies a week during the weeks it was published, and the other weeks there was no issue.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-40" type="surname" value="SOLOMONS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-40" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT SOLOMONS</persName> </hi>. I was subpœnaed on the other side—I gave evidence on the other side at the last trial—I am the owner of the estate at Greenhithe—latterly you had had it in hand to sell; you made plans for some cottages upon it—I gave you the option of purchase—I had a draft contract drawn out for the purchase—I recollect your calling on me with Mr. Fulley, a solicitor, for the purchase of this estate—an offer was brought of £. 3,400 on a mortgage of a portion of the property—I was willing to accept it after some negotiation, the purchase-money to be paid down that you might become a purchaser—practically you had to find no money—I know nothing about who had to lend it; you were to pay; I was willing to have the money down and take a mortgage—I am one of the witnesses who sent up a protest to the judge on the last occasion; I thought it was a malicious prosecution at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The purchase was never concluded—the prisoner never bought it—I never parted with my interest in the estate.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> You could have bought it if you wished on those terms.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-41" type="surname" value="WINCHMORE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-41" type="given" value="JOHN ARTHUR"/>JOHN ARTHUR WINCHMORE</persName> </hi>. I am a surveyor—I was in the prisoner's employ as an assistant for ten months—I am subpœnaed on the other side—when I was at the office I was in the same room with the prosecutor—I was there about three times a week towards the end—the principal part of the work I had to do was on the estate at Greenhithe for builders—I cannot tell that the prosecutor knew that you were not the owner of the estate; I was working in the same room with him, but I certainly did not know what he was thinking about—I don't think we ever talked the matter over—I don't remember that he ever said that you had defrauded him; we did not discuss you that I remember—I do not know whether he told me you were the owner or not; I heard that he had invested £100 in the paper; I do not know that it was on the strength of your being the owner of the estate; I know nothing about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CAWTHORN</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-called</hi>). I now remember the name of the solicitor at Brighton; the firm is Stuckey, Son and Pope, of East Street—I called on them on Tuesday evening, but he was not in his office; I can't say the exact time; it was after I left the prisoner—I then went into a shop on the Marine Parade, and then I met you in half an hour as you were going to the theatre—I remember asking you to lend me your travelling cap; we came out of the hotel together—we left London about half-past four or five—I don't remember what time we left Brighton—I called at Messrs. Stuckey's next day, but Mr. Pope, who was acting for me, had left the office.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner again addressed the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">summing up the evidence, and repeating in substance his former arguments.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-312-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-312-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-312-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-312-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-312-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-312-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-312-18920307 t18920307-312-punishment-1"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-313">
<interp inst="t18920307-313" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-313" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-313-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-313-18920307 t18920307-313-offence-1 t18920307-313-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-313-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-313-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-313-18920307" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-313-18920307" type="surname" value="CUDDEFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-313-18920307" type="given" value="LOUIS ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUIS ALBERT CUDDEFORD</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-313-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-313-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-313-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-313-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-313-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-313-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18920307-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-43" type="surname" value="CUDDEFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-43" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-313-offence-1 t18920307-name-43"/>Thomas William Cuddeford</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Mr. Wheatley, secretary to St. Giles's Christian Mission, stated circum-</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070016"/>
<hi rend="italic">stances in mitigation, and that arrangements were made to take the prisoner abroad.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-313-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-313-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-313-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-313-18920307 t18920307-313-punishment-2"/>Discharged on his own recognisances.—To appear for judgment if called upon</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-314">
<interp inst="t18920307-314" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-314" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-314-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-314-18920307 t18920307-314-offence-1 t18920307-314-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-314-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-314-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-314-18920307" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-314-18920307" type="surname" value="WHYLAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-314-18920307" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WHYLAN</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-314-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-314-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-314-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Unlawfully committing acts of gross indecency.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-45" type="surname" value="AVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-45" type="given" value="HORACE"/>MR. HORACE AVORY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LOCKWOOD</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C.F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-314-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-314-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-314-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-315">
<interp inst="t18920307-315" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-315" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-315-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-315-18920307 t18920307-315-offence-1 t18920307-315-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-315-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-315-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-315-18920307" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-315-18920307" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-315-18920307" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SMITH</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-315-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-315-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-315-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a purse and eight pawnbroker's duplicates, from the person of
<persName id="t18920307-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-47" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-47" type="surname" value="JOHNSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-47" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-315-offence-1 t18920307-name-47"/>Mary Johnstone</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FARRANT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MARY JOHNSTONE</hi>. I am a widow, at one of the Royal Customs Houses—on 16th February I was in Cheapside with my two daughters, one on each arm, on the outside of a crowd, looking into a photographer's window—I saw the prisoner, and moved over to the other side of the window then I saw his face over my shoulder and felt his hand in my dress pocket—I caught hold of his arm, and said, "What have you got your hand in my pocket for?"—he pulled his hand out and ran round the corner—I called out, "Stop thief! stop that man"—I had had this purse in my pocket with pawntickets in it—the prisoner ran down Bow Church Yard and under some horses' heads, and a gentleman caught him—he threw the purse across the road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I was standing outside the window for five or ten minutes—only my daughter was on my right hand, no other person—nobody but you was at my back—ten or more people stood by the shop in front of me; I was outside the crowd.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-48" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-48" type="surname" value="JOHNSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-48" type="given" value="AGNES"/>AGNES JOHNSTONE</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of the last witness; I am thirteen years old—on 16th January I was with my mother looking into this photographer's shop in Cheapside—the prisoner put his hand into my mother's pocket and took out the purse—mother held his hand, and then he slipped his hand away and ran down the street, and a gentleman caught him, and he threw the purse over a horse's head—I picked up the purse and gave it to my mother.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We stood there from five to ten minutes; we moved to different parts of the window—we were outside the crowd of about ten or twelve gentlemen who were in front of the window—I don't think any women were on our right hand; I had hold of my mother's right hand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-49" type="surname" value="REES"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-49" type="given" value="CHARLES HERBERT"/>CHARLES HERBERT REES</persName> </hi>. I am a fireman, of 11, Maria Street, Kingsland Road—on 16th February I saw the prisoner in Bow Lane, running from Cheapside—Mrs. Johnstone was running after him; she halloaed, "Stop thief!"—he tried to dodge away in the road, and put his hand in his right pocket and I
<hi rend="italic">claimed</hi> him—he had this purse in his hand—I said, "What is that you have taken from that woman?"—he said, "Nothing, I have not got anything; it is another man"—I said, "It's a lie; it's a purse; there it is over the road"—I held him till a constable was fetched; he was given into custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw the purse in your hand—you threw something over my shoulder, and when I took you you had nothing—the little girl picked the purse up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-50" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-50" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY CURTIS</persName> </hi> (592
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). In consequence of information I went, on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070017"/>
<p>the afternoon of this day, to Bow Church Yard, where the prisoner was given into my custody for stealing a lady's purse—I asked him why he did so—he said, "It is not me; it is the man that ran alongside of me"—I took him to the station, and charged him—this is the purse.
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said he was in the centre of the crowd for about three minutes, that then he heard a shout of</hi> "
<hi rend="italic">Stop that man!</hi>"
<hi rend="italic">and saw a man running, and that he ran after him, but was himself stopped, and so the other man had an opportunity of escaping.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-315-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-315-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-315-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in April</hi>, 1881.
<hi rend="italic">A warder stated that there were ten other convictions against the prisoner.—
<rs id="t18920307-315-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-315-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-315-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-315-18920307 t18920307-315-punishment-3"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-316">
<interp inst="t18920307-316" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-316" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-316-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-316-18920307 t18920307-316-offence-1 t18920307-316-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-316-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-316-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-316-18920307" type="surname" value="GREENE"/>
<interp inst="def1-316-18920307" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD GREENE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18920307-316-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-316-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-316-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t18920307-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-52" type="surname" value="TOBIAS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-52" type="given" value="HENRY ASHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-316-offence-1 t18920307-name-52"/>Henry Asher Tobias</persName> various sums of 2s. 6d., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. E. BEARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR LORD</hi>. I am secretary to the District Messenger Service and News Company, Limited, of 50, Lime Street—we employ a number of canvassers for call-boxes—the prisoner was a canvasser—previous to his coming to us he had been in the employment of the Boy Messengers Company—these forms are given to canvassers to solicit orders on—the prisoner was instructed to go into the Paddington District to obtain orders; on each £1 1s. subscription order he was told he was to receive 2s. 6d. commission, and on each non-rent paying order he was to receive is commission—our regular instructions to canvassers are that orders are to be handed in on Friday night, and commission would be paid on the Saturday—I do not know if he was absolutely given instructions to that effect—he had been in our regular employment about a month—I cannot swear to the prisoner's writing—we had reason to believe the orders he brought were incorrect, and we sent out circulars—we gave instructions to Sergeant Outram, in consequence of what we heard, and the prisoner was taken into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-53" type="surname" value="TOBIAS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-53" type="given" value="HENRY ASHER"/>HENRY ASHER TOBIAS</persName> </hi>. I am cashier in the prosecutor's employment—the last time the prisoner presented his orders and I made him any payment I told him that he must send them in on Friday—that was the 3rd February—on 6th February he handed me this order, purporting to be signed by William Hale, 13, Upper Westbourne Terrace—the writing is very like the prisoner's, disguised; I would not swear it was his—there is on it "E. Green," stamped by an Indian-rubber stamp, I believe—the prisoner told me he used an Indian-rubber stamp—I made the remark that the name on the order was spelt without the final "e" he used, and he said, "Oh, that is the fault of the person who made the stamp"—he did not say whether the stamp belonged to him, or whether he had ever used it—I never knew of it as belonging to the company—he represented this as one of the orders that he had received that week, and I paid him 2s. 6d. for it, because I believed it to be a genuine signature and a genuine order—at the same time he handed me this order, purporting to be signed F. Elder, Cleveland Gardens—the writing is very like prisoner's, disguised, but I cannot swear to it—it is stamped "E. Green"—it was handed in as one of a lot of orders, and I paid the 2s. 6d., believing it to be a genuine order and a genuine signature—on the 6th February he handed me this order purporting to be signed Chas. Turner, 115, Westbourne</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070018"/>
<p>Terrace, and stamped "E. Green;" and I paid him the 2s. 6d., believing it to be a genuine order with a genuine signature—on the following Friday when I told him he must give his orders in on the Friday he did so—I made inquiries, and as the result of those he was given into custody on the next day, 20th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You handed in the orders on the Friday in a letter I think addressed to a clerk who handed the letter to me—I received the documents early on Friday afternoon—I had never before received them on Friday afternoon—I cannot swear that the other clerk did not receive them on Friday afternoon.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Court.</hi> I have paid him the 2s. 6d. on each of these orders myself.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-54" type="surname" value="HALE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-54" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HALE</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 13, Upper Westbourne Terrace, Holland Park—I gave no order for a call-box, nor heard anything about it—this is not my signature—I never saw the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-55" type="surname" value="ELDER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-55" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK ELDER</persName> </hi>. I live at Cleveland Gardens, Holland Park—I gave no order for a call-box to the prisoner—I did not hear about it till I was at the Police-court—I had not seen the prisoner before then—I did not sign this order.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-56" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-56" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES TURNER</persName> </hi>. I live at 115, Westbourne Terrace, and am a Justice of the Peace—I gave no order to the prisoner for a call-box—I had not seen him before I was at the Police-court—I know nothing of this order—it is not signed by me nor with my authority.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-57" type="surname" value="OUTRAM"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-57" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT OUTRAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Inspector, City</hi>). I received instructions from Mr. Tobias, and on Saturday, February 20th, I saw the prisoner at 50, Lime Street, and told him I was Detective-Inspector Outram, and that he was charged with obtaining money upon these forged orders—he made no reply—he made no answer to the charge at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner called as a witness to character</hi>,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-58" type="surname" value="LYON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-58" type="given" value="PATRICK BOWES"/>HON. PATRICK BOWES LYON</persName> </hi>. You were in the employment of the Boy Messengers and Electric Call Company, of which I am managing director—I always found you very useful as a canvasser, and you were thoroughly reliable until we were obliged to prosecute you for cutting our wires—you were sentenced to one month—after you came out of prison you came to me, and after consideration I took you on again, and you proved yourself very useful for about three weeks, and then you gave notice and went into the service of the District Messengers and News Company, who carry on the same line of business as we do.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> For a short time at first he was paid by commission, afterwards by salary.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-316-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-316-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-316-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-316-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-316-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-316-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-316-18920307 t18920307-316-punishment-4"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-317">
<interp inst="t18920307-317" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-317" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-317-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-317-18920307 t18920307-317-offence-1 t18920307-317-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-317-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-317-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-317-18920307" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-317-18920307" type="surname" value="LEDGER"/>
<interp inst="def1-317-18920307" type="given" value="CHARLES HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HARRY LEDGER</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-317-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-317-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-317-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t18920307-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-60" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-60" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-317-offence-1 t18920307-name-60"/>Arthur Robinson</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FINCH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-61" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-61" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR ROBINSON</persName> </hi>. I am a seedsman of 8, Leadenhall Street—the prisoner was in my employment for rather over five years; he left in November—he had duplicate keys while with me—he gave them up on leaving, and a lad, Ernest Martin, the prisoner's successor, had them—on 16th February I instructed a constable to look after my premises during the night, and I locked up the premises, locking the policeman inside—they are only business premises, a shop and a cellar—no caretaker or any person resides on the premises</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070019"/>
<p>—between November and February I had missed money from my offices—the prisoner had no right to any keys belonging to my establishment, and had no right on my premises at all—I believe there was a hat belonging to him there; there was nothing else there belonging to him that I know of—he has several times come to see me in business hours; he is a lad I have had great interest in.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My business hours are from about half-past eight a.m. till half-past eight p.m.—I did not know he had left two coats at my shop; I should say he had not; there are no coats belonging to him there—he said at the Police-court that he came to fetch a hat and coat—keys were given to him while he was in my employment that he might get into the shop at any time—he did not tell me that he had a duplicate key made in case he should lose his; he had the keys just over two years—his age was twenty-two when he came to me—it was not his first place—I knew him from the time he left school—he had the right to come in and out, and he had management of the place during the five years he was with me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-62" type="surname" value="MARRIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-62" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD MARRIOTT</persName> </hi> (860
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). On 16th February, in consequence of instructions from Mr. Robinson, I spent the night in his shop—at eight next morning I heard the key go into the lock of the gate, and I saw the prisoner enter the door and come into the shop—he went out again and took the iron gate off the hinges and brought it into the shop—I got from behind a curtain and said, "Who are you?"—he shouted, "Good morning"—he bolted out into the street, and I missed him among the passers-by, and saw no more of him till the 1st of March, when, in consequence of information, I went to Bobbington, in Kent, and saw him—I told him I should take him into custody for breaking and entering his late master's premises for the purpose of committing a felony—he said, "I am glad you have come; I am glad it is all over. I did not go there with a felonious intent; I went to get a coat that I had left there"—at the station he made the same reply to the inspector.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was about eight o'clock in the morning when he came into the premises.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-317-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-317-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-317-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, March</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-318">
<interp inst="t18920307-318" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-318" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-318-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-318-18920307 t18920307-318-offence-1 t18920307-318-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-318-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-318-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-318-18920307" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-318-18920307" type="surname" value="MARNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-318-18920307" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MARNEY</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-318-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-318-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-318-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM MYERS</hi>. I live at 24, Beak Street, Soho—on Saturday, 9th January, about 9.45 p.m., the prisoner came in for a pennyworth of lint and a pennyworth of wool, and gave me a bad half-crown—I sect for a constable, who said, "Have you got any more like this?"—he made no reply—he refused his address—he produced two shillings, a sixpence, and threepence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-64" type="surname" value="COLBY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-64" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>JEREMIAH COLBY</persName> </hi> (76
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>). I was called, and asked the prisoner his name and address; he refused—I said, "Have you any more counterfeit coin?"—he said, "No," and turned out two shillings, a sixpence, and threepence—I took him to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-65" type="surname" value="PLANT"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-65" type="given" value="JAMES ROBERT"/>JAMES ROBERT PLANT</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.S. I have examined George Francomb; he is unwell, and unfit to travel. (
<hi rend="italic">The deposition of George Francomb was</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070020"/>
<hi rend="italic">then read:</hi> "I am manager to Mr. Graves, of 60, New Oxford Street, provision stores. I remember the prisoner coming to the shop on the 21st September, about eight p.m.; he called for a tin of rabbits; I gave it to him. He tendered me a half-crown; I examined it, and broke it in pieces. I asked him if he had another coin; he could have seen me break it. He asked why I wanted another; I said it was a wrong
<hi rend="italic">un</hi>, and asked where he got it. He said he got it from a public-house, but could not say which; I sent for a constable, and gave him in custody. I gave the pieces of coin to the constable; they are now produced.")</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-66" type="surname" value="OLDING"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-66" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES OLDING</persName> </hi> (269
<hi rend="italic">D</hi>). On 21st September I was called to Mr. Graves's shop, and saw George Francomb, who said that the prisoner came in and asked for a tin of potted rabbit, and produced a bad half-crown, which he tested, and broke it—it was in three pieces; one piece has been lost—the prisoner said he had been drinking,. and changed a sovereign at a public-house, and he must have got it that way—he gave his name Charles Everest—a good florin was found on him—he was charged and discharged, there being only one case against him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-318-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-318-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-318-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of a like offence on October</hi> 20th, 1884.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-318-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-318-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-318-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-318-18920307 t18920307-318-punishment-5"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-319">
<interp inst="t18920307-319" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-319" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-319-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-319-18920307 t18920307-319-offence-1 t18920307-319-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-319-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-319-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-319-18920307" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-319-18920307" type="surname" value="MORDAUNT"/>
<interp inst="def1-319-18920307" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD MORDAUNT</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-319-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-319-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-319-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROSA JANE WELLS</hi>. I am a clerk at the Post-office, 227, Maida Vale—on 19th February the prisoner came for a postal-order for ten shillings, and gave me a five-shilling piece, two florins, a shilling, and the cost of the order—I said, "This is not a good five-shilling piece"—he said he got it at Short's in the Strand—I gave it back to him, and he paid with a good half-sovereign—I have no doubt he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> It was eight o'clock or half-past.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-68" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-68" type="surname" value="SABEY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-68" type="given" value="LAURA"/>LAURA SABEY</persName> </hi>. I assist my brother, a baker, of 4, Victoria Terrace, Willesden—on the night of February 20th the prisoner came in for four sponge cakes, and gave me a five-shilling piece—I gave him the change and ho left—I kept the coin in my hand, having my suspicions—I found it was bad, and somebody fetched him back—I told him it was bad, and my brother gave him in custody—he returned me the cakes and the change.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-69" type="surname" value="SABEY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-69" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SABEY</persName> </hi>. I am a baker—I was called into the shop when the prisoner was brought back, and asked him if he had any more of those about him—he said, "No"—I said I should have to detain him till a friend of mine came—he said his name was George Forder, of 15, Webber Street, Westminster Bridge Road, but at the station he said that that address was false, and he knew the coin was bad, but he had taken it at Short's in the Strand.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said you were very sorry it was a bad one—I cannot give you the exact words.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He might have said, "If it is bad I am sorry for it"—he said he knew it was bad, but possibly he meant he knew it because my sister had told him so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-70" type="surname" value="HARRINGSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-70" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HARRINGSHAW</persName> </hi> (129
<hi rend="italic">X</hi>). I was called, and Mr. Sabey said the prisoner had tendered the five-shilling piece; he said he was not aware</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070021"/>
<p>it was bad; he got it at Short's in the Strand in change for a sovereign in having a glass of port wine, between one and two o'clock that day—I found on him a purse with a sovereign, a shilling, and some bronze in it, all good—he refused to give any name or address at the station—I made inquiries at Webber Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The shilling and two sixpences were in your purse. I took them out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-71" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-71" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This crown is counterfeit.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> My witnesses are not here, or they would prove that on Friday night I was in their company from six to nine; we went to a party—on Saturday the 20th I admit I went to the shop, but I had no idea the money was bad—the two shillings were in my pocket and not in the purse at all—it is the first time I have been in trouble.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-319-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-319-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-319-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-319-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-319-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-319-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-319-18920307 t18920307-319-punishment-6"/>Six Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-320">
<interp inst="t18920307-320" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-320" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-320-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-320-18920307 t18920307-320-offence-1 t18920307-320-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-320-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-320-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-320-18920307" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-320-18920307" type="surname" value="CRAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-320-18920307" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CRAWFORD</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-320-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-320-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-320-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-73" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-73" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WALKER</persName> </hi>. I am a confectioner, of 64, Broad Street, Bloomsbury—on 26th February the prisoner came in for a penny mince pie, and put a half-crown on the counter; I broke it in half with my teeth—these are the two pieces—I asked him where he got it; he said he did not know—I gave him in custody with the coin—he said he believed a cabman gave it to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-74" type="surname" value="MCGWIRE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-74" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MCGWIRE</persName> </hi> (71
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). The prisoner was given into my custody; he said that a cabman gave him the coin for holding his horse—Mr. Walker gave me these pieces of a coin—the prisoner gave his address, 20, Union Street, Borough.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner produced a written defence, stating that a cabman handed him, at he thought, three penny pieces for minding his horse, but he found afterwards that it was two pence and the half-crown in question.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-320-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-320-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-320-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18920307-321" type="date" value="18920307"/>
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<persName id="def1-321-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-321-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-321-18920307" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-321-18920307" type="surname" value="MCCANN"/>
<interp inst="def1-321-18920307" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN McCANN</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-321-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-321-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-321-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-76" type="surname" value="DEARLE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-76" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DEARLE</persName> </hi>. I am employed at Mr. Mears's, a butcher, 27, Featherstone Street—on 15th February the prisoner bought some meat, value 3d., and gave the man a florin, which he pave to me, and I gave him the change, and threw the coin into the till, where there was no other florin—I afterwards found it was bad—on February 20th the prisoner came again, and bought meat, value 3d., and threw a florin on the block—I said, "This is a bad two-shilling piece, and we had one of them from you on "Monday."—he wished to pay for it, but I sent for a constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-77" type="surname" value="GUEST"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-77" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD GUEST</persName> </hi> (228
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). I was called, and Mr. Mears gave the prisoner into my custody for uttering a bad florin, and said that he had been there on a former occasion—he said he had never been in the shop before—I found two good half-crowns on him—he said that the charge was false.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I went in to get a bit of steak for my breakfast, and he said the florin was bad, and called a constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-321-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-321-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-321-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-321-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-321-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-321-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-321-18920307 t18920307-321-punishment-7"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18920307-322" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-322" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-322-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-322-18920307 t18920307-322-offence-1 t18920307-322-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070022"/>
<persName id="def1-322-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-322-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-322-18920307" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-322-18920307" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-322-18920307" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-322-18920307" type="occupation" value="soldier"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT WHITE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18920307-322-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-322-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-322-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pervertingJustice"/> (21,
<hi rend="italic">a soldier</hi>)
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-322-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-322-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-322-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t18920307-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-79" type="surname" value="STOCKWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-79" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-322-offence-1 t18920307-name-79"/>Richard Stockwell</persName>, a constable, in the execution of his duty.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18920307-323" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-323" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-323-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-323-18920307 t18920307-323-offence-1 t18920307-323-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-323-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-323-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-323-18920307" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-323-18920307" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-323-18920307" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-323-18920307" type="occupation" value="soldier"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT WHITE</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18920307-323-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-323-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-323-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> for robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18920307-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-81" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-81" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-323-offence-1 t18920307-name-81"/>Henry Dodd</persName>, and stealing a watch and chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-82" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-82" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DODD</persName> </hi>. I am a wood carver, of 18, Delamere Street, Paddington—on 23rd February, about 11 p.m., I was in Hyde Park, going towards the Marble Arch, and met the prisoner—he said, "How are you? are you going to give us a drink?"—I said, "No"—some people passed, and then he said, "I am hard up; I am going to have ft drink; give me half-a-crown"—I refused, and he took hold of my arm and swung me on the side path, and put his hand across my back and pressed me close to him—I tried to get away, but seeing no one about I promised to give him a half-crown if he released me, and put my hand in my pocket—he tripped me up and knelt across my legs, and tore away my watch and chain and papers—he wanted to know what money I had got on me—I said, "I have not got any"—he said, "If you give me £5 you shall have your watch and chain back"—I said, "I have not got £. 5, but you shall have all I have"—he let me get up—I put my hand in my pocket, and he seized it with two florins and a few coppers in it—I said, "Now give me my watch and chain"—he held his foot up, and said, "If you make any alarm I will strike you dead"—I saw a constable coming, and called him, and told him the prisoner had stolen my watch and chain; he took it out of his pocket and gave it to the constable—I saw him searched; some papers of mine were found on him, besides the money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I offered you 30s. to give me back my watch and chain—I did not call for help, because you said if I raised an alarm you would strike me dead—I did not ask you to come for a stroll with me—you had hold of my hand when the policeman came up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-83" type="surname" value="STOCKWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-83" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD STOCKWELL</persName> </hi> (135
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi>). On 23rd February I was on duty in the Broad Walk, and Dodd called to me to take the prisoner, for stealing his watch and chain—the prisoner said, "Here is his old watch and chain, I don't want it," and handed them to me—when we got to the open part of the park he struck me in the eye—I blew my whistle, threw him to the ground, and took him to the station—I found these invoices on him, £2 in gold, 9s. in silver, and 8 1/2 d. in bronze.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You resisted me before I blew my whistle; you said, "There is no cause to blow your whistle, I will walk quietly"—I blew it because you refused to go at first.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. When I first saw him he was having very high words with the prosecutor; I had not observed them long.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defence, said that the prosecutor gave him half-a-crown and asked him to go for a stroll, when the prisoner said</hi>, "
<hi rend="italic">You might as well give me your watch," which he did but gave it back when the policeman came; and that the prosecutor at first refused to give him in charge.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-84" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-84" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DODD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I did not refuse to give him in charge—there is no foundation for what is insinuated in the prisoner's statement.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-323-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-323-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-323-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-323-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-323-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-323-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-323-18920307 t18920307-323-punishment-8"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070023"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, March</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-324">
<interp inst="t18920307-324" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-324" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-324-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-324-18920307 t18920307-324-offence-1 t18920307-324-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-324-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-324-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-324-18920307" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-324-18920307" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-324-18920307" type="given" value="ROBERT ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT ALBERT MARSH</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-324-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-324-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-324-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-324-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-324-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-324-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to forging and uttering a telegram with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-324-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-324-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-324-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-324-18920307 t18920307-324-punishment-9"/>Six Months' Hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-325">
<interp inst="t18920307-325" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-325" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-325-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-325-18920307 t18920307-325-offence-1 t18920307-325-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-325-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-325-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-325-18920307" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-325-18920307" type="surname" value="BRADBURY"/>
<interp inst="def1-325-18920307" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES EDWARD BRADBURY</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-325-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-325-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-325-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to stealing while employed in the Post Office a letter and two postal orders, the property of
<persName id="t18920307-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-87" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-325-offence-1 t18920307-name-87"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-325-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-325-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-325-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-325-18920307 t18920307-325-punishment-10"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-325-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-325-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-325-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18920307-326" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-326" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-326-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-326-18920307 t18920307-326-offence-1 t18920307-326-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-326-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-326-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-326-18920307" type="age" value="59"/>
<interp inst="def1-326-18920307" type="surname" value="DIXON"/>
<interp inst="def1-326-18920307" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED DIXON</hi> (59)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-326-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-326-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-326-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing a post-letter containing a postal order and a locket, the property of
<persName id="t18920307-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-89" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-326-offence-1 t18920307-name-89"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-326-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-326-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-326-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-326-18920307 t18920307-326-punishment-11"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-326-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-326-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-326-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18920307-327" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-327" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-327-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-327-18920307 t18920307-327-offence-1 t18920307-327-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-327-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-327-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-327-18920307" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-327-18920307" type="surname" value="HERRICH"/>
<interp inst="def1-327-18920307" type="given" value="FREDERICK ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK ERNEST HERRICH</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-327-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-327-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-327-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling a cheque for £18,
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> orders for £7 5s., £7 10s., and £8;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to three indictments for forging and uttering the endorsements to the said orders; also to making false entries in the books of
<persName id="t18920307-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-91" type="surname" value="BARNFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-91" type="given" value="JOHN ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-327-offence-1 t18920307-name-91"/>John Albert Barnfield</persName> and others, his masters.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-327-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-327-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-327-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-327-18920307 t18920307-327-punishment-12"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-327-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-327-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-327-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18920307-328" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-328" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-328-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-328-18920307 t18920307-328-offence-1 t18920307-328-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-328-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-328-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-328-18920307" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-328-18920307" type="surname" value="WAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-328-18920307" type="given" value="FRANCIS MONTAGUE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS MONTAGUE WAY</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-328-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-328-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-328-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering an order for £10;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> a cheque for £20; also to unlawfully falsifying certain books of
<persName id="t18920307-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-93" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-93" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-328-offence-1 t18920307-name-93"/>Thomas Bailey</persName>, his master.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-328-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-328-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-328-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-328-18920307 t18920307-328-punishment-13"/>Three Years Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-328-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-328-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-328-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-329">
<interp inst="t18920307-329" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-329" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-329-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-329-18920307 t18920307-329-offence-1 t18920307-329-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-329-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-329-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-329-18920307" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-329-18920307" type="surname" value="DARLOW"/>
<interp inst="def1-329-18920307" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES DARLOW</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-329-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-329-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-329-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, to breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18920307-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-95" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-95" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-329-offence-1 t18920307-name-95"/>Arthur Wilson</persName>, and stealing a ladle and other articles, value £300, his property, after a conviction of felony on June 21st, 1886.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-329-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-329-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-329-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-329-18920307 t18920307-329-punishment-14"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-329-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-329-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-329-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-330">
<interp inst="t18920307-330" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-330" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-330-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-330-18920307 t18920307-330-offence-1 t18920307-330-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-330-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-330-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-330-18920307" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-330-18920307" type="surname" value="SCOWEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-330-18920307" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SCOWEN</hi>** (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-330-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-330-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-330-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18920307-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-97" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-97" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-330-offence-1 t18920307-name-97"/>Henry Gregory</persName>, and stealing a coat, his property, after a conviction of felony at (Clerkenwell on 7th July, 1890, in the name of John Stone. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-330-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-330-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-330-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-330-18920307 t18920307-330-punishment-15"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-330-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-330-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-330-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-331">
<interp inst="t18920307-331" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-331" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-331-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-331-18920307 t18920307-331-offence-1 t18920307-331-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-331-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-331-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-331-18920307" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-331-18920307" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="def1-331-18920307" type="given" value="ARTHUR CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR CHARLES HAYES</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-331-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-331-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-331-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling £200, £300, and £276 of
<persName id="t18920307-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-99" type="surname" value="BAYLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-99" type="given" value="ARTHUR ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-331-offence-1 t18920307-name-99"/>Arthur Robert Bayley</persName>, his master.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-331-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-331-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-331-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-331-18920307 t18920307-331-punishment-16"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-331-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-331-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-331-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-332">
<interp inst="t18920307-332" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-332" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-332-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-332-18920307 t18920307-332-offence-1 t18920307-332-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-332-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-332-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-332-18920307" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-332-18920307" type="surname" value="GRADY"/>
<interp inst="def1-332-18920307" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES GRADY</hi>* (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-332-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-332-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-332-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to breaking and entering a mission-hall, and stealing one box and other articles, after a previous conviction.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-332-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-332-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-332-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-332-18920307 t18920307-332-punishment-17"/>Six Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-332-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-332-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-332-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-333">
<interp inst="t18920307-333" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-333" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-333-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-333-18920307 t18920307-333-offence-1 t18920307-333-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-333-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-333-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-333-18920307" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-333-18920307" type="surname" value="BRILLARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-333-18920307" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK BRILLARD</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-333-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-333-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-333-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Unlawfully attempting to steal a post letter from a letter-box.
<hi rend="italic">Third Count</hi>, placing a deleterious substance in a letter-box.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-102" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-102" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-102" type="given" value="FORREST"/>MR. FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-103" type="surname" value="LOWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-103" type="given" value="WALTER FRANCIS"/>WALTER FRANCIS LOWMAN</persName> </hi>. I am an overseer at the North-Western District Post Office—on 4th March, in consequence of a communication from the postman, I examined the letter-box in the Mornington Road, and found in the aperture, a quantity of yellowish sticky matter—I went to a public-house opposite, and watched—about 1.45 the prisoner went the box, and placed both his hands in the hole, and, after fumbling about, about two minutes, I went across—he saw me, and took his hand out and went across the road—I overtook him, and asked him what he was doing—he said, "Nothing"—I said I should detain him—he said, What for? '—I said, "For tampering with the pillar-box"—I asked him again what he was doing—he said, "Posting a letter"—I asked him the address of the letter—he said, "Birmingham"—I said, "We ill have the box cleared and examined—I showed him the sticky stuff the hole, and there was some on his hands—he was asked the address on the letter again, and said he did not know; a gentleman had given to him to post—I took him to the General Post Office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-104" type="surname" value="SETTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-104" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SETTLE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Confidential Inquiry Office, General Post Office—I was present on March 4th when the prisoner was brought</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070024"/>
<p>in—I asked his name and address, read to him a statement which had been made, and asked him to turn out his pockets, and among other articles he produced this bird-cage tin, containing this sticky substance—I asked him what it was, he said, "Bird lime, I bought two-penny worth for bird catching"—I told him it was the same substance as was found on the letter box—he said that probably when he posted the letter he had some of it on his hands which adhered to the box—I told him some of the matter was there before he went to the box—he made no reply—I gave him in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-105" type="surname" value="TOWER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-105" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>MATTHEW TOWER</persName> </hi>. I am a constable attached to the Post-office—I charged the prisoner; he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I own I had the stuff with me; I had no intention whatever of taking letters.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-333-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-333-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-333-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs>*</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Third Count.—
<rs id="t18920307-333-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-333-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-333-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-333-18920307 t18920307-333-punishment-18"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-334">
<interp inst="t18920307-334" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-334" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-334-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-334-18920307 t18920307-334-offence-1 t18920307-334-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-334-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-334-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-334-18920307" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-334-18920307" type="surname" value="STOHP"/>
<interp inst="def1-334-18920307" type="given" value="ALBEET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBEET STOHP</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-334-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-334-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-334-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/> Indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18920307-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-107" type="surname" value="WILLCOX"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-107" type="given" value="ANNIE MARIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-334-offence-1 t18920307-name-107"/>Annie Maria Willcox</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BEARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-334-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-334-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-334-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-334-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-334-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-334-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-334-18920307 t18920307-334-punishment-19"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-335">
<interp inst="t18920307-335" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-335" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-335-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-335-18920307 t18920307-335-offence-1 t18920307-335-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-335-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-335-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-335-18920307" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-335-18920307" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY KING</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18920307-335-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-335-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-335-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> for embezzlement.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi>,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-109" type="surname" value="SHERRARD"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-109" type="given" value="JOHN LISTER"/>JOHN LISTER SHERRARD</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Sherrard and Cope-man, of Bedford Row—the prisoner was our collector, at a salary of £1 7s. 6d., and a commission on his introductions—he had to devote his whole time to our service—we have two classes of clients, those who pay weekly and those who pay quarterly—among those who pay weekly were Mr. Glascoe and Mr. Speller—this receipt-book was in our office; it is only for the quarterly tenants—it is consecutively numbered—if you come to pay your quarterly rent, the clerk gives you one of these printed receipts, and enters on it your name and the date—a quantity of receipts are missing from the end of the book, and nothing is entered on the counterfoils—Mr. Glover's rent is £8 10s., but I did not receive it from him on October 21st—this receipt is in the prisoner's writing; the number is 2,246; nothing is written on the counterfoil; the prisoner ought to have filled it up, but he has not done so—there are a number of receipts before that which he could have used—this receipt of 14th January, 2,243, to Mr. Glover, is in the prisoner's writing, but he has written nothing on the counterfoil—this is a receipt to Mr. Speller for £8 for a quarter's rent, on January 7th; I have never seen a shilling of the money—it was the duty of any person who receives money to make an entry in the cash book—I find entries in the cash book in the prisoner's writing on October 24th, but there is no mention of £8 10s. received by him on that date—the cash-book of 7th January, 1892 is at the office; I have been over it, and I am prepared to say that there is no entry in it of these three amounts—on 14th January the prisoner gave notice to leave, and he should have left about February 1st—we give the tenants about three weeks' grace—on February 1st my partner received this letter in the prisoner's writing. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that he went to the theatre with his wife on the previous Friday with some of the firm's money in his pocket, and was robbed of</hi> £27 3s. 6d.,
<hi rend="italic">giving the items, but that he was not in a fit state to inform them of the fact when he left.</hi>)—upon that I made inquiries, and on 2nd or 3rd February</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070025"/>
<p>gave him in custody—on receiving that letter I found that our cashier Caird had been stealing too—he pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to one month by the Lord Mayor at the Mansion House.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know whether any attempt has been made to get Caird here to give evidence—I do not know that it was set up at the Police-court that the prisoner had paid Caird the money he collected in October; I was not there—we gave him a good character when he left—I do not know that on many occasions the prisoner did not pay Caird till some days after the money had been collected, and that Caird then entered it on the counterfoil—there are many blank counterfoils, both at the beginning and the end of the book—my partner and I tore out those at the beginning—Caird would tear some out if we asked him, leaving the counterfoils blank; we should not watch him to see where he tore them out from—the prisoner was entitled to collect the rents, he did so on previous occasions and paid them in of his own free will—he has torn out the receipt, got the money, and paid it to Caird—the prisoner's wages were £1 7s. 6d., and we paid his expenses in addition.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> We did not know these things at the time we gave him a good reference—Caird is suffering imprisonment, for money paid to him in the office, but nothing to do with this matter—the letter stating that the money was in his pocket when it was picked is in the prisoner's writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-110" type="surname" value="COPEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-110" type="given" value="WALTER JOHN"/>WALTER JOHN COPEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am in partnership with the last witness—I tore out the receipts at the beginning of this book, of which the counterfoils are blank, all at once—I have never received from the prisoner the sums mentioned in the indictment.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went to the prisoner's house with a detective when he was taken—he said—"If you go and ask my wife, who is upstairs, she will corroborate that"—I did not go up, she came down and corroborated what he said—I saw no servant; I did not go inside the house—he was in our employ four years; we had no character at all with him—my partner gave him a reference when he wished to make a change.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-111" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-111" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HOLMES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). I took the prisoner, and told him the charge; he said, "What shall I say?"—I said, "You are not obliged to say anything; what you do say I shall repeat to-morrow to the Magistrate"—he said, "I went on Friday night with my wife to the Grand Theatre, and my pocket was picked"—I said, "Did you report your loss to the police?"—he said, "No; I did to two attendants at the theatre."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-112" type="surname" value="COCKRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-112" type="given" value="RONALD BROWN"/>RONALD BROWN COCKRELL</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Messrs. Sherrard and Copeman—on 30th January I received instructions from Mr. Caird, and copied some letters addressed to Glazier and Speller—I do not think I put them in envelopes—I usually post the letters, but on January 30th I gave them to the prisoner, because he asked for them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Caird was my master practically.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-113" type="surname" value="GLAZIER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-113" type="given" value="ARTHUR HENRY"/>ARTHUR HENRY GLAZIER</persName> </hi>. I paid the prisoner £8 10s. on October 1st, and £7 14s. 6d. on 14th January—I did not receive a letter about 13th January asking for the rent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-114" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-114" type="surname" value="SPELLER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-114" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH SPELLER</persName> </hi>. On 7th January I paid the prisoner £8, and he gave me a printed receipt—I did not receive a letter about 30th January asking for the money.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070026"/>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-115" type="surname" value="VENT"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-115" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE VENT</persName> </hi>. I am check-taker at the Grand Theatre, Islington—on 25th January the prisoner and his wife came to me and made a complaint—he was in a very agitated condition; like a man who has had a severe shock—the theatre was not over, but they left.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There are police officers on duty at the entrance—the prisoner was in the amphitheatre—it would not take a man five minutes to go from there to the police—his complaint was that he had lost a bag out of his pocket with £15 in it; not £27—I told him to go to the policeman, out he said it was no use looking after money—this was Monday, January 25th; it would not be correct to say that it was Friday.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The amphitheatre was very full.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-116" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-116" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant at the Grand Theatre—I was with Vent on Monday evening, January 25th, and remember the prisoner coming up and making a complaint—he was very excited—the performance had not commenced—there was a tremendous crowd—complaints are made nightly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw him pass the barrier, and asked him if he wanted a check, to come back—he said, "No"—I was on the landing; there was a fireman downstairs at the pay-box, and policemen.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-335-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-335-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-335-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-335-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-335-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-335-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-335-18920307 t18920307-335-punishment-20"/>six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-336">
<interp inst="t18920307-336" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-336" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-336-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-336-18920307 t18920307-336-offence-1 t18920307-336-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-336-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-336-18920307" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-336-18920307" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-336-18920307" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-336-18920307" type="given" value="BRIDGET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRIDGET O'BRIEN</hi> (56)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-336-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-336-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-336-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, Unlawfully attempting to set fire to a certain building.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-118" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-118" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BUTCHER</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of 49, Rupert Road, Holloway—the prisoner and her husband rented my top back room for four days—another lodger named Hayes was in the house—on 11th February, about 5.20, she called me up to the top of the house; I found the prisoner's room full of smoke, and saw her pulling a mattress apart on the floor; it had been torn open, and was in flames—I told her if she did not get away I should push her away—she was drunk; I went down and got a pail of water, and I had to shove her out of the way while I threw the mattress out at the window—she swore at me—the boards were burnt—she was given in custody—I touched the grate, and found it was cold; there was no light except a burning lamp—there was a box of matches, which the constable took.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You and your husband had been fighting all day long.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-119" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-119" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HAYES</persName> </hi>. I am a widow—I occupied the next room to the prisoner—on 10th February, at five o'clock, I found my place full of smoke, and called Mr. Butcher—I saw the prisoner with matches in her hand and the mattress alight—I saw her stoop down in the direction of the corner which was not alight—she did nothing to put the fire out Mr. Butcher brought some water, but she did not help him—he threw the mattress out at the window.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not try to put the fire out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-120" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-120" type="given" value="ROSETTA"/>ROSETTA BUTCHER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the first witness—I heard Mrs. Hayes scream, and went upstairs with my husband, and saw the prisoner striking matches as fast as she could—she lit the mattress with them—she took an armful of straw in, ten minutes before I ran upstairs—she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070027"/>
<p>said, "You shall die like a dog at my feet," but I do not know what she meant.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The place was so full of smoke that I could not get my breath—you did not give me the street-door key and say you should not come back any more.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-121" type="surname" value="WARNER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-121" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WARNER</persName> </hi> (317
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). On February 11, at 5.20, I heard shouts of "Fire," and saw smoke coming from 49, Rupert Road, and saw Mr. Butcher throw out a blazing mattress—I rushed upstairs and found the house full of smoke—Mrs. Butcher said, "She is trying to burn the place;" the prisoner said, "Yes; I did set it alight; you should not have taken my things"—the cupboard and the floor boards were scorched—the grate was quite cold—there was no light in the room, only smoke—the floor was covered with water and burnt shavings—the prisoner was slightly under the influence of drink—I took her to the station; she said, "I did set light to it, and by Christ I will burn the whole lot"</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I am very sorry, but it was all an accident.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-336-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-336-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-336-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-336-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-336-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-336-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-336-18920307 t18920307-336-punishment-21"/>Two Months' Hard labour</rs> </hi>,</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, March</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice A. L. Smith.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-337">
<interp inst="t18920307-337" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-337" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-337-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-337-18920307 t18920307-337-offence-1 t18920307-337-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-337-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-337-18920307" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-337-18920307" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-337-18920307" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-337-18920307" type="given" value="FLORENCE ETHEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FLORENCE ETHEL OSBORNE</hi> (26)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18920307-337-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-337-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-337-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> for stealing a pair of diamond earrings and-a pair of pearl earrings, the property of
<persName id="t18920307-name-123" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-123" type="surname" value="HARGREAVE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-123" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-337-offence-1 t18920307-name-123"/>George Hargreave</persName>; also to having committed wilful and corrupt perjury in the evidence given by her on the trial of an action before Mr. Justice Denman.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. C.F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for the Prosecution;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR CHARLES RUSSELL</hi>, Q. C.,
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS COWARD</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prisoner. To both indictments the prisoner</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-337-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-337-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-337-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">She was strongly recommended to mercy by Mrs. Hargreave.—
<rs id="t18920307-337-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-337-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-337-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-337-18920307 t18920307-337-punishment-22"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment, with such hard labour as is consistent with her weak condition</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18920307-338" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-338" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-338-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-338-18920307 t18920307-338-offence-1 t18920307-338-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-338-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-338-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-338-18920307" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-338-18920307" type="surname" value="NOBLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-338-18920307" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN NOBLE</hi> (46)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18920307-338-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-338-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-338-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18920307-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-125" type="surname" value="SWIFT"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-125" type="given" value="MARY ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-338-offence-1 t18920307-name-125"/>Mary Elizabeth Swift</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMPSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BOND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-126" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-126" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Ambrose Smith, and live at 42, Smith Street—the deceased, Mary Elizabeth Swift, was my sister—she was forty years of age—she had been separated from her husband ten or eleven years—she had been living with the prisoner for four or five months prior to her death—she was living with him at 100, North Street, Chelsea—I last saw her alive on Thursday, 4th February, about two o'clock—she was then sober and in good health—I saw her dead body on Friday morning.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The deceased's first husband is dead; she has been married twice; the second husband is alive—after she separated from him she lived with another man, by whom she had four children, two are dead—she married her second husband in 1871—she left him about eleven years ago—I have not been in a public-house with her while she lived with the prisoner, or before, unless she went in with me to have a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070028"/>
<p>glass—I never visited her—there was no cause of jealousy between the prisoner and deceased that I know of.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The man she lived with before the prisoner is alive and about London now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-127" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-127" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA MILLS</persName> </hi>. I live at 89, North Street, Chelsea—I keep a shop there—on the 4th February the deceased came to my house; the prisoner came about ten minutes afterwards, and they met there at from half-past five to a quarter to six; about seven, I and the prisoner, the deceased and a man named Tutt went together to the Hope and Anchor public-house—we had some drink there—we went on to other public-houses, among them to the Cranley Arms—while we were there the potman said, "Anyone of the name of Noble here?"—the prisoner said, "Yes"—the potman said, "There is a lady wants to see you in the next bar"—the prisoner got up on a seat and spoke to someone over the partition—the deceased said to him, "That is another of your beautiful women I suppose"—I did not hear the prisoner make any answer—we then all went to the Enterprise public-house—the prisoner left us there—I waited for him about a quarter of an hour, but he did not return—we then all went and met him at Beauchamp Place, all four of us—Tutt, the deceased, and the prisoner went out of there together; I followed shortly afterwards—I left the deceased and the prisoner at the corner of North Street, where they lived—I wished them good-night, and thought they were going home—during the evening the prisoner said to me, "My old woman looks very happy with your old man to-night," referring to Tutt, as we came out—she was walking with Tutt, and speaking to him—I replied, "Oh, take no notice of that; they are all right"—as far as I saw the prisoner and deceased seemed on good terms.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am married—I am not living with my husband—I am living with Tutt—the deceased came by herself on 4th February she waited till Tutt came in—they had nothing to drink in the house; I am quite sure the prisoner had not, the deceased and I had a glass of beer between us—the Hope and Anchor was the first public-house we visited, we each had a glass of stout there, nothing else, no whisky; we then went to the Goat and Boots and had a glass each there, and also at the Cranley Arms; that was where it was said a lady wanted the prisoner—I daresay the deceased would be very angry about that—at the Cranley Arms we had whisky and water, no stout—we all four had twopennyworth of whisky each—at Beauchamp Place I said to the prisoner, "You are a good sort of man to leave us like that," or something like it—I don't know what reply he made, or whether he laughed—I think he did—we went to the Grove Tavern, I had a glass of stout there—the prisoner and deceased had nothing—they and Tutt went out together, and I found them outside when I went out—Tutt had known the deceased a long time as a girl living in the neighbourhood, for about twenty years, close to her mother—from seven till half-past ten the deceased, the prisoner and Tutt were drinking in these public-houses; when we separated I daresay we had had enough to drink; I was not drunk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner could walk straight when he left us, and the deceased also.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-128" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-128" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA STEWART</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George Stewart—I did live at 100, North Street, Chelsea; I have left there for a fortnight; I was living there on 4th February last—the prisoner and deceased</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070029"/>
<p>lived together there, they occupied the front parlour, the back parlour, and the back room first floor, and the top rooms at the back—the two parlours are on the ground floor—they slept in the front parlour; I occupied the room immediately over that—they had been there for some time before Christmas; I daresay for four months—on 4th February I went to bed between nine and half-past nine—I did not hear the prisoner and deceased come in—about eleven there were two knocks at my door—after a time I answered—I then heard the prisoner say, "Will you come down? Elizabeth is dead"—I said, "Never," and as he walked away from the door, he said, "I have cut her throat"—I did not hear him go downstairs—I heard people running in the street, and talking; I then got up and went down in a few minutes—I did not see anybody in their room; all the doors were open—there was a crowd outside the Friend-in-Hand public-house, two or three doors below—I did not go into the prisoner's room till the police came; I was at the door when the police took charge of the place; I left them in charge, and went upstairs—as far as I observed, the prisoner and deceased apparently lived very comfortably before he was out of employment—he was a chimney sweep—I think he fell out of work about Christmas time, or a week after; I could not say exactly—he earned a little after that, not much; he earned what he could—they were pressed for money, I think; I heard them want money to pay their rent—there were several quarrels, but not of a serious nature, words, generally about money matters, and jealousy—on one occasion they were not quarrelling, they were talking; the deceased was sitting sewing in the back kitchen, and they were laughing, and the prisoner said, "Oh! you blue-eyed beauty, if you have deceived me I will walk with a firm step to Newgate for the woman I love"—I can't remember how long that was before the 4th February; it might be a fortnight or three weeks, but they were very happy together after that—about Christmas time I lent the prisoner a razor to shave with; it was a. very old one—I saw a razor with a case produced at the Police-court; it was like the one I had lent him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The deceased asked me to lend the razor to him, but I gave it to him myself; I asked my husband, and he said it was of no use—I gave it to the deceased, not to him; it was quite rusty and very old—the prisoner did not ask me for it; the deceased asked me—I told her it was of no use, but I took it down, because they should not say we were unkind not to lend it—when the prisoner said "I have cut Elizabeth's throat," I did not get up because my husband said "Never mind," we thought they were only quarrelling; we did not want to mix up with other people's quarrels—I had no reason to believe that such a thing had. happened—I have never heard the prisoner threaten the deceased or call her any names, except a blue-eyed beauty, and then he was laughing—I did not recognise the voice when he called out, "Will you come down? Elizabeth is dead"—I should have known it was him, because there was no one else in the house—I never heard him mention the name of the man when they quarrelled about jealousy; it was someone she was very familiar with.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was asleep when he knocked at the door; I knew his voice; I thought it was the prisoner's voice.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-129" type="surname" value="WARNER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-129" type="given" value="LILLY"/>LILLY WARNER</persName> </hi>. I am a dressmaker living at 100, North Street; I occupy the top front room—on 4th February, about quarter to eleven, I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070030"/>
<p>was in bed—I heard as if it was one person coming in, and I heard him go into the back parlour, which I call the kitchen, one of the rooms occupied by the prisoner and deceased—I heard the prisoner say to the person, "You shan't go out of this house to-night"—he repeated that twice—I next heard a scuffle at the foot of the stairs—I then heard the front door open and slam to—I got up and went downstairs—as I went down I passed the prisoner at the door of Mrs. Stewart, one of the lodgers (before that I heard moaning in the street which caused me to open my window to know what it was); he was knocking at her door and saying, "Stewart, Stewart, come down, I have done for her"—I left him there and went straight down into the street to the Friend-in-Hand at the corner—I there saw the deceased lying on the ground bleeding, I could not say where from—I had been living in the house for a month or two before 4th February—I have heard the deceased and prisoner quarrelling together frequently; I once heard it was because she promised to meet another man, and the prisoner would not allow it—I have heard him say she had promised to meet him, and I have heard him say she should not go out to meet him—the man was at the door at the time with her—about four weeks before the 4th February there was a quarrel, and he took up the tongs and threatened to strike her—that was in their front parlour—I went down into the room to protect her, because the children were crying—he picked up the tongs when I was in the room—he said he meant banging her on the head, and I stepped between them and he hit me instead, he hit me on the head with his fist, not with the tongs; after that I went back to my room; the deceased came up with me—I noticed that her earings were torn out of her ear, and her ear was bleeding—on another occasion, soon after Christmas, he was going to kill her; he came indoors in a rage because she did not come home with him, and he went into the back parlour and got a knife out of the table drawer, went into the yard and sharpened it on a stone, and put it into his trousers pocket—the deceased was not in the house at that time, she was down at her mother's—it was the day her mother had died, and she had been there all day—when he put the knife in his pocket I tried to prevent his going out, I asked him not to go out with it, not to go out of the house at all, she would be sure to be in soon—he said if I did not get out of the way he would draw it across my throat—at the time he was getting it out of the drawer he said, "I mean to cut her throat;" he then went out of the house, he went towards Walton Place—the deceased was at her mother's house in Smith Street—I sent the woman's son Bobby out, about fifteen years of age, to keep him out of the way, to let it be known what he had said he was going to do; he brought the prisoner back soon after—I think that was the last I heard, until the very night the deed was done.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am at present employed at Peter Robinson's—of late both the prisoner and deceased were drunk—I swear that the words I heard the prisoner say were, 'Stewart, Stewart, comedown; I have done for her—I heard him say, "It is Noble; will you come down?—but I did not stop to hear the remainder, I was going downstairs, nearly on the last flight—I never heard the prisoner complain that I was interfering with his domestic quarrels—he has not frequently told me to mind my own business—he never requested me to leave the room—I am not aware whether he liked my presence or not—I used to go down to protect the children—he did say, "If you do not go out of the way I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070031"/>
<p>will draw this knife across your throat"—there were three children; I think the eldest of the three was twelve—sometimes they lived happily together, and sometimes just the reverse—I mentioned at the Police-court that the prisoner said he intended to cut his wife's throat; he said it to me—I said that he was quarrelling with himself—I heard him say he meant to cut his throat—he did not say what for—he was muttering in the front parlour when he came in—it was at the time when he took the knife—I heard a smash, and followed him into the kitchen, and that was when he got the knife—the children were in the house at the time, upstairs in bed, next to my room—I saw the earrings fall from the woman's ear, and they were given into my charge to take care of till she wanted them—I saw the prisoner tear them from her ear—when she came up to my room I saw her ear was torn down—I saw the earring pulled out of her ear, but I was not aware it was torn down to the bottom, because I ran away to get away from him, to get no more than I got, and she came straight up to my room with me—at first I thought it was only cut by the wire—it was done before I got in—I saw it bleeding in the parlour, but it was not till she came up to my room that I saw the flesh was torn—I could not say at what time she came in that day—it was a dinner knife that he took out of the drawer—he sharpened it on a stone in the yard, and then put it in his pocket.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had been in their room several times when they were together—she and I were on very friendly terms—I went in some times to protect the children when there was a quarrel in the daytime, and there used to be a scuffle and a fight when the children came in from school, and they would be screaming—when the prisoner tore the earring from the deceased's ear I was not down in time to see that; it had been taken out of her ear when I got down—just as I got into the room he got to the fireplace to pick up the tongs.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-130" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-130" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP MILLS</persName> </hi>. I am a plumber, and live at 22, Marlborough Road, Chelsea—on 4th February, about eleven at night, I was passing through North Street, and saw a woman run out of 100; she caught hold of my arm—I saw that her throat was cut—she was gasping for breath; she could not speak—the prisoner followed her out of the house and came up to us and said, "Now you can bleed;" with that she let go of my arm and ran into the Friend-in-Hand public-house—the prisoner followed her to the door—I looked in at the door; I was on the other side of the prisoner—he got there first—when I looked in the woman was lying on the floor—I did not see the prisoner go into the public-house—he was standing at the door; he had it open—he returned to the house he came out of.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was close beside me—I saw him leave the door. and go back again—I am quite sure he never went into the publichouse.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Not further than the doorway; he was holding the door open—I did not see him do anything to anybody there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-131" type="surname" value="CRIBBLE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-131" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CRIBBLE</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Friend-in-Hand public-house, North Street, Chelsea—I was in the bar about eleven at night on 4th February—I saw the deceased come in shortly after eleven—she came rushing in with a wound in her throat—she ran up to the counter and laid hold of the counter and tried to speak but could not—while she was there the prisoner came to the door, and she turned round and tried to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070032"/>
<p>make her escape out of the door—the prisoner closed both doors, lifted up his right hand and struck her on the side of the head; she fell down on the floor, and he rushed out, and the police and doctor came.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see another man at the door; I was standing behind the bar—there was nobody in the compartment between the bar and the door—I knew the prisoner by coming there; that was all—he opened the door, came in, struck the deceased, and then went out and closed it—I did not see anyone else standing there—I don't know that I should have seen anyone if he had been there, for I went to give an alarm to the next compartment—I was very much horrified at seeing the woman come in bleeding; I called attention to it immediately—all this happened while I was doing so.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It only took a few seconds; the prisoner was at the door when the woman turned to rush out—it was at the door that he knocked her down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-132" type="surname" value="CUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-132" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am a painter in North Street, Chelsea—on the night of 4th February I was in the Friend-in-Hand, in the middle bar—about a quarter-past eleven I saw the deceased come in to where I was standing, in the compartment that opens into North Street—I saw her through the side of the partition—I saw that her throat was cut and bleeding then I saw the prisoner come into the compartment after her, and strike her with his right fist somewhere about the head—he said, "You have got it at last"—she partly fell, and was partly knocked down, and the prisoner turned and went out, passing Mr. Denny, a shoemaker, who was standing at the door—I went out and fetched the doctor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There are two compartments—one part of the glass partition is figured and the other part plain—I looked over the side where there was no partition; I was on a stone at the bottom which made me about a foot higher—I saw Cribble, the barman, he served me when I went into the middle compartment—it was about ten minutes after he served me that the woman came in—he was standing behind the bar, and had command of all the compartments—I did not see Mills there that night—I won't swear that the woman was knocked down or fell; she was not down before the blow was struck; I only know that he struck her and she fell.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> She turned as if she was going out, and it was then he struck her; she fell directly after the blow—Denny had been drinking with me in the middle bar—to the best of my belief there was no one else in the compartment the woman came in—at the time she came in Denny had gone outside and turned round—she was not standing at the bar when I first saw her; I saw her come into the house—she had got up to the bar at the time the prisoner came in, and put her hands on the counter, and turned round and faced the prisoner, and he went up to her and struck her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-133" type="surname" value="ALCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-133" type="given" value="HORACE"/>HORACE ALCOCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">B</hi> 468). On the night of 4th February, hearing a shout of "Police!" I went to the Friend-in-Hand and saw the deceased lying on the floor bleeding from a wound in her throat—I did what I could to stop the bleeding—in about seven minutes Dr. Leggatt came in—the woman died a few minutes afterwards—she did not speak at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-134" type="surname" value="LEGGATT"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-134" type="given" value="CHARLES ASHLEY SCOTT"/>CHARLES ASHLEY SCOTT LEGGATT</persName> </hi>, M. D., of Walton Place, Chelsea. About eleven on the night of 4th February I was called to the publichouse—I found the deceased lying on the floor in the bar, bleeding from;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070033"/>
<p>a wound in the throat—she died within a minute or two after I got there—the constable had done all that could be done to stop the bleeding—I made a post-mortem examination—the wound was five inches long, and down to the vertebrae of the spinal column; it extended from an inch and a-half below the ear on the right side to two inches and three-quarters from the medium line on the left side—there was no evidence of the instrument having actually touched the vertebra—it went down to the vertebra—the direction was from right to left, and from above downwards, and larger on the right side than the left—on the right side the structures down to the spinal column were divided, the carotid artery not being entirely severed, but the principal hemorrhage came from the carotid artery—the hemorrhage from the wound was. the cause of death—this razor would produce the wound—when I first saw it there were marks on it, apparently of blood—very great force must have been used to produce the results I found.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> From the result of my post-mortem examination I did not come to the conclusion that she was a woman of intemperate habits to any extent—the liver was somewhat enlarged—it is difficult to say what was the cause of that—I did not know her in life—it was not an alcoholic liver; it was not diseased, only enlarged—it was natural except from being enlarged, but pale from hemorrhage—a pint of beer a day for several years would produce such a liver—if she had been intemperate she would have been more subject to inflammation; that is a secondary result, not a primary one—I do not think her life could have been saved if I had seen her earlier—the wound was in a downward direction—that was not indicative of a struggle—I do not mean to suggest that the wound was inflicted without any struggle—in my opinion it was homicidal, not suicidal—I have known very deep wounds inflicted on themselves by suicides—I have not examined the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The direction of the wound being downwards is important, and, what is more important still, it was on the right side of the throat, that, to my mind, indicates that it was homicidal, not suicidal, unless the woman was left-handed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-135" type="surname" value="OSBORN"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-135" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE OSBORN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">B</hi> 399). About ten minutes to eleven on the night of 4th February I went with another constable to 100, North Street; the door was open—I went in and met the prisoner in the passage—I told him I should take him into custody—he said, "All right; I will go with you"—outside the door I said, "I shall charge you with cutting your wife's throat"—he said, "1s. she dead?"—I said, "I think she is"—he then said, "Poor dear, this is all through jealousy; it has been going on for some time"—at the station he was charged with having feloniously caused her death—he said, "Well, I suppose I must put up with it"—I took possession of his hat and coat—the coat was afterwards shown to Dr. Leggatt—the prisoner appeared to be perfectly sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had no difficulty in finding him—he went quietly; he made no attempt to escape.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. LEGGATT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I examined the coat which the witness showed me—I found marks on it, apparently of recent blood, on the sleeve and by the breast pocket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-136" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-136" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CURTIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector B</hi>). I was at the Police-station I Walton Street when the prisoner was brought in about eleven on the 4th—the constable said, "This man has murdered his wife at the Friend-in-Hand</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070034"/>
<p>public-house in Walton Place"—the prisoner said nothing at that time—I left him in charge of an officer, and went to the Friend-in-Hand—I there saw the deceased—I then went to 100, North Street, and into the back parlour on the ground floor; it was in a disordered state—two chairs were upset, there were splashes of blood on the floor, the walls, and the door—under the table I found this billycock hat—there were splashes of blood on that—I also found on the floor the top portion of a razor case, then went back to the station, and said to the prisoner, "Was this woman your wife?"—I told him she was dead, and cautioned him, and charged him with causing her death—he said, "I am very sorry; I must put up with it"—next morning about four I made a further search of the back parlour—on the hob behind a tea-kettle I found this razor; there appeared to be marks of blood on it—and on the mantelpiece I found this bottom part of the razor case—I went back to the station and examined the prisoner's clothing, and on his coat I found traces of what I believed to be blood, and marks of blood on his right hand—he was sober.</p>
<rs id="t18920307-338-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-338-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-338-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">on account of provocation.—
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-338-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-338-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-338-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-338-18920307 t18920307-338-punishment-23"/>DEA TH</rs> </hi>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18920307-339" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-339-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-339-18920307 t18920307-339-offence-1 t18920307-339-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-339-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-339-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-339-18920307" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-339-18920307" type="surname" value="PIPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-339-18920307" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERBERT PIPER</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-339-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-339-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-339-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>, Feloniously threatening to accuse
<persName id="t18920307-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-138" type="surname" value="FRICKER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-138" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-339-offence-1 t18920307-name-138"/>Ernest Fricker</persName> of attempting to commit a certain crime.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-139" type="surname" value="AVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-139" type="given" value="HORACE"/>MR. HORACE AVORY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-339-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-339-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-339-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-339-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-339-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-339-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-339-18920307 t18920307-339-punishment-24"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, March</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18920307-340" type="date" value="18920307"/>
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<persName id="def1-340-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-340-18920307" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-340-18920307" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-340-18920307" type="surname" value="PASSMORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-340-18920307" type="given" value="ELSIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELSIE PASSMORE</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-340-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-340-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-340-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-340-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-340-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-340-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully obtaining £2 from
<persName id="t18920307-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-141" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-141" type="surname" value="MABLESON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-141" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-340-offence-1 t18920307-name-141"/>Annie Mableson</persName> and £5 from
<persName id="t18920307-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-142" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-142" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-142" type="given" value="AMY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-340-offence-1 t18920307-name-142"/>Amy Warren</persName> by false pretences.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-340-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-340-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-340-18920307 t18920307-340-punishment-25"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-341-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-341-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-341-18920307" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-341-18920307" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-341-18920307" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID KING</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-341-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-341-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-341-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="kidnapping"/>, to taking
<persName id="t18920307-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-144" type="surname" value="ARCHBOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-144" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-341-offence-1 t18920307-name-144"/>Florence Archbold</persName>, a girl under the age of eighteen, out of her father's possession, with intent to carnally know her.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-341-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-341-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-341-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-341-18920307 t18920307-341-punishment-26"/>Twelve Months Hard Labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-341-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-341-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-341-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18920307-342" type="date" value="18920307"/>
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<persName id="def1-342-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-342-18920307" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-342-18920307" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-342-18920307" type="surname" value="CHAMBER"/>
<interp inst="def1-342-18920307" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA CHAMBER</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-342-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-342-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-342-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>, to unlawfully administering to
<persName id="t18920307-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-146" type="surname" value="HERGOG"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-146" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-342-offence-1 t18920307-name-146"/>Emma Hergog</persName> camphor and opium with intent to annoy her.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-342-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-342-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-342-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-342-18920307 t18920307-342-punishment-27"/>One Month without Hard Labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-342-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-342-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-342-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-343-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-343-18920307" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-343-18920307" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-343-18920307" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JOHNSON</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-343-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-343-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-343-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering an order for £2
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> another order for £2,
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> an order for the payment of money,
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> another order for £2.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-343-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-343-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-343-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-343-18920307 t18920307-343-punishment-28"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-343-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-343-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-343-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-344">
<interp inst="t18920307-344" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-344" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-344-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-344-18920307 t18920307-344-offence-1 t18920307-344-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-344-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-344-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-344-18920307" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-344-18920307" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-344-18920307" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARCUS HOLMES</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-344-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-344-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-344-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining six pairs of socks and other articles of
<persName id="t18920307-name-149" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-149" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-149" type="given" value="JAMES CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-344-offence-1 t18920307-name-149"/>James Charles Marshall</persName> and another by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-150" type="surname" value="NOAD"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-150" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST NOAD</persName> </hi>. I am attending William Hill Foreman—he has been ill six or seven weeks—I saw him last night—it would be dangerous for him to attend and give evidence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The deposition of William Hill Foreman was here read as follows:</hi> "I am a salesman in the gentlemen's department of Messrs. Marshall and Snelgrove, silk mercers, of Oxford Street. About 3.30 p.m. on 14th December</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070035"/>
<p>the prisoner came to me and asked to see some underclothing. I showed him some. He selected three rests, three pants, and six pairs of socks, to the value of £5 8s. 9d. He then asked if I would take a cheque for the amount. I said I would inquire to see if he was known. He then asked for a piece of paper, which I gave him; he wrote on it in my presence, 'Marcus E. Holmes, son of late Rev. C. W. Holmes, Harrow' The paper is produced and marked E. I took it to the counting-house and had some conversation with Mr. Wills, and received certain instructions; I then returned to the prisoner and said we would accept a cheque, provided it was for the amount of the goods purchased. He then wrote out in my presence the cheque produced, marked F, for £5 8s. 9d., which I took and gave to the cashier. I made out the bill in duplicate; both are now produced, marked G and G. 1. I asked to what address the goods should be sent. He said his brother was in a cab outside waiting for him and he would take them—I went with him to the door and handed him the goods. I did not see a cab outside; I did not see what became of the prisoner. When I took the cheque I believed it to be a valid one, or I would not have parted with the goods.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have no general authority to part with goods without receiving cash for them. I took the cheque in this case because Mr. Wills said I might do so."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-151" type="surname" value="WILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-151" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILLS</persName> </hi>. I am ledger-keeper to Marshall and Snelgrove—the afternoon of 14th December Mr. Foreman came to me and I gave him certain instructions—he read this paper to me—the late Mr. Holmes was a customer of the firm—this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was handed to me, and paid into the Union Bank of London next morning, the 15th, and, on the 19th I received it back, marked "Refer to drawer"—after it was paid to me I received this letter; it would be opened by one of the principals—it was answered to 11, Kensington Square, the address on it—we received no reply from the prisoner, but we did from another person.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The cheque was taken on my instructions, because the prisoner said he was the son of the well-known Mr. Holmes—I did not see the cheque till I had seen the prisoner—when I gave my evidence before the Magistrate I had no means of knowing whether he was the son of Mr. Holmes—I know it now—I know Mr. Weatherall is his brother-in-law—I have not heard that the money for this cheque has been tendered.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-152" type="surname" value="CRABB"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-152" type="given" value="TOM WALCOTT"/>TOM WALCOTT CRABB</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Messrs. Howell and James, Limited, of Regent Street—on 15th December, about 12.30, the prisoner came into my department and selected this gold bracelet and ring and these two pins; they came to £15 4s.—I asked if he wished to take the goods with him—he said, "Yes," and wrote his name on this paper (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I took it to the ledger-keeper, and made out these two invoices in duplicate—the prisoner gave me this cheque and took the goods away; he did not take the receipt, he said that the cheque was sufficient—I handed the cheque into the cashier's desk—this letter was shown to me next day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cashed the cheque on the authority of Mr. Willcox, on showing him the paper—he saw the prisoner, but had no conversation with him. (
<hi rend="italic">Letter read:</hi> "I shall be much obliged if you will keep my cheque till after my return from Wales at Christmas. ")</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070036"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-153" type="surname" value="WILLCOX"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-153" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND WILLCOX</persName> </hi>. I am ledger-keeper at Messrs. Howell and James's—on 15th December Crabb made a communication to me, and I gave him instructions—I saw the prisoner, but not to speak to—I received this cheque for £15 4s.; it was endorsed and paid into the bank, and returned unpaid—I went to 11, Kensington Square, and found that Mr. Weatherall lived there; he is, I believe, the prisoner's brother-in-law.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was the statement on the paper that induced me to authorise Crabb to part with the goods—Mr. Cecil Holmes was well known to the firm, and I believed the prisoner to be his son—when I saw the paper I had not seen the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mr. Holmes, of Harrow, was a very. good customer of ours.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-154" type="surname" value="SPONG"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-154" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SPONG</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to George Attenborough, a pawnbroker, of 72, Strand—I produce two pins, one pawned with me by the prisoner on 16th December, 1891, for 12s., in the name of Mr. Charles, of Harrow, and the other for 5s. on December 23rd, I do not know who by.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-155" type="surname" value="KAINS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-155" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE KAINS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Sangster and Co., umbrella dealers, of 140, Regent Street—on December 3rd the prisoner came and selected an umbrella at £1 1s.—he said he was the son of Mr. Holmes, of Harrow—I wrote his name in a book—he did not pay; he said he would send a cheque—he took the umbrella away—he called the next morning, and purchased a lady's umbrella for £1 3s., and drew this cheque for £2 4s. (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it was paid into the bank, and returned marked, "Refer to drawer"—he took away the second umbrella—I parted with the two umbrellas, believing he was the son of an old customer of ours.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know that money was forwarded to pay for this cheque.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-156" type="surname" value="BLOWER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-156" type="given" value="MARTIN"/>MARTIN BLOWER</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Taylor, a tailor, of 60, New Bond Street—on 3rd December a man came and ordered a coat; he had no beard then—I had a coat made—he gave me this cheque for £4 10s.—on Monday, the 7th, I received a telegram, and in consequence held over the cheque for a few days, and then paid it into the bank—it was returned marked, "Refer to drawer."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-157" type="surname" value="MOICOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-157" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM MOICOTT</persName> </hi>. I am a bootmaker, of 29, Burlington Arcade—on December 8th, to the best of my belief, the prisoner called and selected some boots, and wrote this cheque for £4 7s. 6d.—he put one pair on, and I sent the rest to Captain Marcus Holmes, at the Charing Cross Hotel—I have never had them back—the cheque was paid in, and returned dishonoured.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> His father was not a customer of ours, but Mrs. Spattenham was, who I have heard is a relative of his.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-158" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-158" type="given" value="ROBERT OWEN"/>ROBERT OWEN DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the National Bank of Wales, Limited, Conway branch—on August 20th last year the prisoner opened an account—I produce his pass book—his total payments up to 7th October were £102 3s. 10d.—the account was overdrawn on 16th October £40, and continued so—he has only had one cheque book; this is it—he was living at Ballycafn, six miles from Conway—the bank wrote to him about 20th October, and on December 9th—this book is a register of cheques returned—copies were kept of the letters; they have not been returned through the Dead Letter Office.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am only a clerk, but I sometimes open accounts—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070037"/>
<p>Mr. Leeds introduced the prisoner to the manager; he is the manager of the hotel at this village—the prisoner had two or three interviews with the manager—Holmes continued at the hotel after the introduction—I do not know that when Mr. Holmes went to London Mrs. Leeds came and saw the manager and arranged for the takings of the hotel to be paid into the bank—I did not go to the hotel; I think the manager sent a clerk there some time in November—I remember that a day was fixed for a pigeon-shooting match at the hotel, but we did not hear anything more about it—I did not know Mr. Griffiths, or whether he is the owner of the hotel; I know him now—I did not write the two letters, or address them—cheques were drawn up to three weeks ago—the overdraft has been paid—David Jones is the manager, and Mr. Griffiths is a friend of his.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The interview with the manager as to the further overdraft was about the end of October—we have not honoured any of the prisoner's cheques since November 3rd—I have not brought the register of returned cheques, but I have compared this paper in Mr. Jones's writing with the register—eight cheques, amounting to £62 19s. 3d., have been presented and returned dishonoured since November 3rd—the overdraft was paid about three weeks ago, the day before I was before the Grand Jury here last session—two cheques were returned on the day of the interview with the manager on 3rd October.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-159" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-159" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the National Bank, Conway; I keep the letterpress copybook—on December 9th I struck off a letter which the manager gave me to copy, and which was in his writing—this is the copy; I do not remember who addressed the envelope, but I saw it in an envelope and put into the post-bag by Davis—it is part of my duty to take the post-bag daily to the post-office at Conway, and I did so on December 9th, and left the bag with the postmaster—the letter was addressed to Marcus E. Holmes, c. o. G. F. Holmes, Dartmouth Chambers, Theobald's Road, London.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-160" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-160" type="surname" value="SNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-160" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN SNELL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George Snell, of 21, Bedford Place, Russell Square—on or about 10th November, 1891, the prisoner hired one room, and slept there till he was arrested—I then pointed his room out to the police, who searched it, and I saw them find several things.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-161" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-161" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN ALLEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant C</hi>). About December 3rd I received a warrant for the prisoner's arrest, and on January 8th I was with Detective Showers and saw him in Swallow Street, Piccadilly—I arrested him and read the warrant to him; he made no reply—while he was being charged he was asked his address and refused it—he said he had been living in London, and a man in the station said he was living in Bedford. Row, and Mrs. Snell pointed out the place to me—I found on him at the station four pawntickets, one of which relates to a pin obtained from Howell and James, and a bill from Marshall and Snelgrove, dated December 14th, a cigar case, and some memoranda—I searched his room at 21, Bedford Place, and found a quantity of hosiery, which is identified by Marshall and Snelgrove, and Showers found two empty jewel cases—this cheque book was found at his lodging; this bracelet and two rings were given me at the Police-court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He told me where they were, and I got them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-162" type="surname" value="SHOWERS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-162" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SHOWERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). I went to 21, Bedford Place, and found this pawnticket for 12s. for the other pin, and two</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070038"/>
<p>empty jewel cases, the goods from Marshall and Snelgrove's, and in a drawer with some letters these four envelopes. (
<hi rend="italic">Three of these letters were addressed M. C. Holmes, Esq., Dartmouth Chambers, Theobald's Road, London</hi>)—the prisoner told me where this ring was, and I went there and got it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-163" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-163" type="surname" value="PERKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-163" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE PERKINS</persName> </hi>. I am housekeeper at Dartmouth Chambers, Theobald's Road—Mr. F. Gerald Holmes has lived there for some months, and I have seen the prisoner, who is his brother, there—letters by post came there for the prisoner, and he called for them—about the end of last year was the last time I handed him any letters—they were put on the table in his brother's room, and I allowed him to go and take them, even if his brother was out—as far as I know all letters addressed to him were given to him or taken by him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-164" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-164" type="given" value="FRANCIS ARTHUR"/>FRANCIS ARTHUR BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Messrs. Humphreys and Son, the solicitors for the prosecution—on February 20th I served the prisoner in Holloway Gaol with a notice to produce certain document, including two letters, one of which was dated 9th December.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">proposing to read a copy of the letter, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">recalled</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">R.O. DAVIS</hi>. The prisoner gave no address where he was to be written to after leaving the neighbourhood. (
<hi rend="italic">Upon this the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">refused to admit the copy.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-344-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-344-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-344-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-344-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-344-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-344-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-344-18920307 t18920307-344-punishment-29"/>Six Months' Hard Labour from January 9th</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, March</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-345">
<interp inst="t18920307-345" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-345" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-345-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-345-18920307 t18920307-345-offence-1 t18920307-345-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-345-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-345-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-345-18920307" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-345-18920307" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="def1-345-18920307" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GRIFFITHS</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-345-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-345-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-345-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, Feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18920307-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-166" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-166" type="given" value="SOLOMON HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-345-offence-1 t18920307-name-166"/>Solomon Henry Smith</persName>, and stealing twelve forks and other goods.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-167" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-167" type="given" value="SOLOMON GEORGE"/>SOLOMON GEORGE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Solomon Henry Smith, of The Broadway, Westminster—I live at 2, Chapel Street, Westminster—about one a.m. on 7th February I went to bed after locking everything up—I woke about three and came down, and found a police officer and an inspector—the place was ransacked—drawers and cupboards had been turned out—I missed an American clock, a spanner, tea, coffee, and other goods—the spanner was shown me by the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-168" type="surname" value="ROWTONS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-168" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROWTONS</persName> </hi> (405
<hi rend="italic">A</hi>). I was on duty in Broadway, Westminster, on the morning of 7th February, and I saw the prisoner in the doorway of 2, Chapel street, just about to enter—when he heard my footsteps he pulled a key out of the keyhole of the door and put it into his pocket; it made a jingling noise, as if it fell on more keys—I went across, and asked him if he lived there; he said no, he lived in Great Pier Street; I asked him what he was doing—he said, "Going to make water"—I said, "You don't want latchkeys for that; you have more keys on you—he said, "No; I have only got a book"—he pulled a book out—I said, "Let me feel"—he put his hand in, and brought out two latchkeys—I said, "I shall have to take you to the police-station"—I searched him there, and found these three other keys in his coat-pocket, and this bicycle-spanner, owned by the prosecutor—the inspector went back with me to the house, and one of the first two latchkeys which the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070039"/>
<p>prisoner gave me opened the door—the gas was burning in the kitchen—the people were knocked up and came downstairs—this lamp was found in the house—it does not belong to the prosecutor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-169" type="surname" value="DYER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-169" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLSS DYER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector A</hi>). I was at the station on the morning of 7th February, when Rowtons brought the prisoner there—I went with Rowtons to 2, Great Chapel Street—one of five keys given to me opened the door—the gas in the passage was alight; things on the table were in confusion—I rang the bell, and spoke to the prosecutor—afterwards I charged the prisoner at the station; he said, "Excuse me, governor, I did not enter the house; I picked the spanner up at St. James" (meaning a public-house)—that would be dosed at twelve o'clock, as it was Saturday night.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-345-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-345-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-345-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY*</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in June, 1887.—
<rs id="t18920307-345-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-345-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-345-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-345-18920307 t18920307-345-punishment-30"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-346">
<interp inst="t18920307-346" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-346" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-346-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-346-18920307 t18920307-346-offence-1 t18920307-346-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-346-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-346-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-346-18920307" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-346-18920307" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-346-18920307" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WHITE</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-346-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-346-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-346-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Breaking and entering the
<placeName id="t18920307-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-346-offence-1 t18920307-geo-1"/>New Court Synagogue</placeName>, and stealing an altar-cloth and other articles.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MORESBY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-171" type="surname" value="IMHOFF"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-171" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY IMHOFF</persName> </hi> (211
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On the morning of 12th February I was in plain clothes in Dorset Street, Spitalfields, and I saw the prisoner and another man approaching me; the prisoner was carrying a parcel—I went towards them and got hold of them, and asked what they had got in the parcel—the prisoner said, "You need not hold me; look in the parcel and see for yourself; they are only my clothes"—they were obstreperous, and the other man got away—I got the prisoner to the station after a lot of trouble, and found the parcel contained these things (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it was about 200 or 300 yards from the synagogue that I saw them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-172" type="surname" value="EASHFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-172" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK EASHFIELD</persName> </hi>. I live at 12, New Court, Fashion Street—at eight o'clock on the evening of 11th February, I locked up the synagogue—next morning there were signs of the synagogue having been broken into, and I missed certain property; ornaments had been taken away and laid on the ground—I can swear to these things; I missed them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that a man offered him sixpence to carry the bundle of things for him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-346-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-346-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-346-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-346-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-346-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-346-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-346-18920307 t18920307-346-punishment-31"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-347">
<interp inst="t18920307-347" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-347" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-347-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-347-18920307 t18920307-347-offence-1 t18920307-347-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-347-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-347-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-347-18920307" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-347-18920307" type="surname" value="GILCHRIST"/>
<interp inst="def1-347-18920307" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GILCHRIST</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-347-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-347-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-347-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Unlawfully committing an act of gross indecency with
<persName id="t18920307-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-174" type="surname" value="CRAIG"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-174" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-347-offence-1 t18920307-name-174"/>John Craig</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, for indecently assaulting him.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-347-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-347-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-347-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-348">
<interp inst="t18920307-348" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-348" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-348-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-348-18920307 t18920307-348-offence-1 t18920307-348-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-348-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-348-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-348-18920307" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-348-18920307" type="surname" value="SKINNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-348-18920307" type="given" value="ERNEST CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST CHARLES SKINNER</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-348-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-348-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-348-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Unlawfully and carnally knowing
<persName id="t18920307-name-176" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-176" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-176" type="surname" value="SKINNER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-176" type="given" value="ELLINOR MARTHA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-348-offence-1 t18920307-name-176"/>Ellinor Martha Skinner</persName>, aged fifteen years and four months.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, for the attempt, and for indecent assault.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-348-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-348-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-348-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-348-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-348-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-348-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-348-18920307 t18920307-348-punishment-32"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-349">
<interp inst="t18920307-349" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-349" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-349-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-349-18920307 t18920307-349-offence-1 t18920307-349-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-349-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-349-18920307 t18920307-349-offence-1 t18920307-349-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-349-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-349-18920307 t18920307-349-offence-1 t18920307-349-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-349-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-349-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-349-18920307" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-349-18920307" type="surname" value="O'NELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-349-18920307" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS O'NELL</hi> (18)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-349-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-349-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-349-18920307" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-349-18920307" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="def2-349-18920307" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY ANDREWS</hi> (19)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-349-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-349-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-349-18920307" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def3-349-18920307" type="surname" value="ELLERTON"/>
<interp inst="def3-349-18920307" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD ELLERTON</hi> </persName> (18)
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-349-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-349-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-349-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18920307-349-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-349-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-349-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18920307-name-180" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-180" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-180" type="surname" value="PULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-180" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-349-offence-1 t18920307-name-180"/>Charlotte Pullen</persName>, and stealing three dolmans and other articles, her property.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070040"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">O'NEIL</hi> also
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to a conviction of felony at this Court in November, 1889;
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDREWS</hi> to a conviction of felony in January, 1890; and
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLERTON</hi> to a conviction of felony in May, 1889.
<hi rend="largeCaps">O'NEIL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-349-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-349-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-349-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-349-18920307 t18920307-349-punishment-33"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDREWS</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLERTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-349-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-349-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-349-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-349-18920307 t18920307-349-punishment-34"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-349-18920307 t18920307-349-punishment-34"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-350">
<interp inst="t18920307-350" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-350" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-350-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-350-18920307 t18920307-350-offence-1 t18920307-350-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-350-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-350-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-350-18920307" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-350-18920307" type="surname" value="SHARPE"/>
<interp inst="def1-350-18920307" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES SHARPE</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-350-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-350-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-350-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> to stealing two overcoats, the property of
<persName id="t18920307-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-182" type="surname" value="WADE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-182" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-350-offence-1 t18920307-name-182"/>Henry Wade</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing two pairs of boots, the goods of
<persName id="t18920307-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-183" type="surname" value="HASSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-183" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-350-offence-1 t18920307-name-183"/>George Hassell</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-350-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-350-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-350-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-350-18920307 t18920307-350-punishment-35"/>Eight Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-350-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-350-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-350-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-351">
<interp inst="t18920307-351" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-351" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-351-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-351-18920307 t18920307-351-offence-1 t18920307-351-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-351-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-351-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-351-18920307" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-351-18920307" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-351-18920307" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ALLEN</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-351-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-351-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-351-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> to stealing a coat, the property of
<persName id="t18920307-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-185" type="surname" value="SOLOMONS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-185" type="given" value="SIMON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-351-offence-1 t18920307-name-185"/>Simon Solomons</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-351-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-351-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-351-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-351-18920307 t18920307-351-punishment-36"/>Eight Months' Hard Labour</rs>. There was another indictment against the prisoner for forging and uttering an order for the payment of £2 10s.</hi>
<rs id="t18920307-351-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-351-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-351-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, March</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1892.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice A. L. Smith.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-352">
<interp inst="t18920307-352" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-352" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-352-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-352-18920307 t18920307-352-offence-1 t18920307-352-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-352-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-352-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-352-18920307" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-352-18920307" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT TURNER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18920307-352-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-352-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-352-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> was charged, on the Coroner's Inquisition only, with the Manslaughter of
<persName id="t18920307-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-187" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-187" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-187" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-352-offence-1 t18920307-name-187"/>Ellen Turner</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ST. AUBYN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-352-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-352-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-352-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-353">
<interp inst="t18920307-353" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-353" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-353-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-353-18920307 t18920307-353-offence-1 t18920307-353-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-353-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-353-18920307 t18920307-353-offence-2 t18920307-353-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-353-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-353-18920307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-353-18920307" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-353-18920307" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-353-18920307" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES CHAMBERS</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-353-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-353-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-353-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> was charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with the Manslaughter of
<persName id="t18920307-name-189" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-189" type="surname" value="WATMORE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-189" type="given" value="GEORGE JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-353-offence-1 t18920307-name-189"/>George James Watmore</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-190" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-190" type="surname" value="FULTON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-190" type="given" value="FORREST"/>MR. FORREST FULTON</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence on the Inquisition</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-353-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-353-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-353-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-353-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-353-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-353-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>There was an indictment for an assault upon the same person, occasioning him actual bodily harm</rs>, to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18920307-353-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-353-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-353-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character from the Police Inspector of the district.—
<rs id="t18920307-353-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-353-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-353-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-353-18920307 t18920307-353-punishment-37"/>Discharged on his recognisance in £25, to come up for judgment if called upon</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18920307-354">
<interp inst="t18920307-354" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18920307"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-354" type="date" value="18920307"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-354-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-354-18920307 t18920307-354-offence-1 t18920307-354-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18920307-354-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-354-18920307 t18920307-354-offence-2 t18920307-354-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-354-18920307" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-354-18920307" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-354-18920307" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-354-18920307" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-354-18920307" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY MARSHALL</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18920307-354-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-354-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-354-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18920307-name-192" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-192" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-192" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18920307-354-offence-1 t18920307-name-192"/>Herbert Marshall</persName>, with intent to murder.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-193" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-193" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-193" type="given" value="TRAVERS"/>MR. TRAVERS HUMPHREYS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EMILY MARSHALL, JUN</hi>. I am thirteen years old; the prisoner is my mother—there are seven children altogether; the eldest is fifteen, and the youngest, Herbert, is seven months—I remember the week of 13th January—I noticed that my mother was strange during that week; her eyes seemed funny—she had not been drinking that week; she had the week before—on 13th I saw her and Herbert in the second-floor room about three o'clock—she had been saying something; I could not understand it—there was a funeral going by and she pulled the blinds down—after that she was going to take the baby out with no shoes or socks on, and no hat on her head—I ran to the door and stopped her; we then went downstairs into father's workshop; she left the baby upstairs—I heard a rattling of father's tools—mother went upstairs and told me to go up with her, and I saw baby asleep on the bed; he had got bronchitis, and mother also—she put her hand in her pocket and went downstairs again—I then heard the baby cry, and I went upstairs again and saw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189203070041"/>
<p>both mother and baby covered in blood—I ran into the street, and the policeman came—I know father's razor, it was kept in his workshop—he is a paperhanger—this is the razor (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—some of the children had been ill that week, and mother was worried about it—father was out of work just before this.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-194" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-194" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FORD</persName> </hi> (16
<hi rend="italic">J</hi>). On 13th January I went to 19, Glyn Road, and there saw a baby, seven months old, lying in the lap of a Mrs. Davis—it had two wounds on the right side of its neck—I fetched a doctor, and it was taken to Hackney Infirmary.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-195" type="surname" value="HEMINGWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-195" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HEMINGWAY</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.S. I practise at Salisbury House, Clapton Square—on 13th. January, about five in the afternoon, I was called to see this baby—I first saw the prisoner, who was in the front room sitting in a chair, with a constable on each side of her—she had a large deep wound on the left side of her neck; she had lost a great quantity of blood—after I had dressed her wound I saw the baby—I found two wounds on the right side of its neck; one deep and one shallow—in my opinion, the lower wound was very serious—they were such wounds as might have been caused by this razor—I dressed the wounds, and I sent the child to the infirmary.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-196" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-196" type="given" value="JOHN JOSEPH"/>JOHN JOSEPH GORDON</persName> </hi>. I am Medical Superintendent of Hackney Infirmary—the baby, Herbert Marshall, was brought to me on the 13th January, and the mother shortly afterwards—the child is quite well now; you would scarcely notice anything—the prisoner was under my care until she was nearly well—her wound was quite possible to have been self-inflicted—I formed a very strong opinion that she was not responsible for her actions on that day—I do not believe that she knew she was cutting her child's throat, or knew it was wrong; because she did not know her own child three days afterwards; she did not know whether it was dead or alive; in order to persuade her that it was alive, I had it brought into the ward to her, and she did not know it—she was suffering from bronchitis, and in a semi-unconscious state when admitted, and remained so for two or three days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18920307-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18920307-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-197" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-name-197" type="given" value="DENIS"/>DENIS PAYNE</persName> </hi> (64
<hi rend="italic">J</hi>). On 13th January, about a quarter-past four, I was called to the prisoner's house, 19, Glyn Road—I saw her in the first floor front room—she said, "Let me die," and caught hold of my hand—some time after she asked me what I was going to do with her—I made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I do not remember anything about it.</p>
<rs id="t18920307-354-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-354-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-354-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the act, but not being responsible for her actions</hi> </rs>,—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-354-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-354-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18920307-354-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-354-18920307 t18920307-354-punishment-38"/>Ordered to be detained during Her Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18920307-354-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18920307-354-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>