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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>EVANS, MAYOR.</p>
<p>SECOND SESSION, HELD DECEMBER 14TH, 1891.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE.</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18911214-name-1">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS AND SONS, LIMITED, 119, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140004"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Held on Monday, December 14th, 1891, and following days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-2" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-2" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID EVANS</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Rt. Hon. Lord
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLERIDGE</hi>, Lord Chief Justice of England; Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-3" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-3" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD LEVIN"/>ARCHIBALD LEVIN SMITH</persName> </hi>, one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-4" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-4" type="given" value="JAMES CLARKE"/>JAMES CLARKE LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Bart., Alderman of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-5" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-5" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., Re
<lb/>corder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-6" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-6" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH RENALS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-7" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-7" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>WALTER HENRY WILKIN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-8" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-8" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-9" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-9" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-10" type="surname" value="DIMSDALE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-10" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DIMSDALE</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-11" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-11" type="given" value="JAMES THOMPSON"/>JAMES THOMPSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-12" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-12" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., D.C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-13" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-13" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-14" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-14" type="given" value="HARRY SEYMOUR"/>HARRY SEYMOUR FOSTER</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-15" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-15" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HILL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLARENCE RICHARD HALSE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EVANS, MAYOR. SECOND SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p>79.
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<interp inst="def1-79-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-79-18911214" type="surname" value="DE KROMME"/>
<interp inst="def1-79-18911214" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACOB DE KROMME</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18911214-79-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-79-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-79-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> for unlawfully inciting
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<interp inst="t18911214-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-17" type="surname" value="DASH"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-17" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>Samuel Dash</persName>, a servant in the employ of
<persName id="t18911214-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-18" type="surname" value="RIDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-18" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-79-offence-1 t18911214-name-18"/>John Thomas Ridley</persName> and others, to steal;
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, for soliciting Dash to conspire with him to cheat and defraud, and to steal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PAUL TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-19" type="surname" value="DASH"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-19" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL DASH</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Ridley, Whitley, and Co., at their branch establishment, 292, Essex Road, Islington, floorcloth manufacturers—I have been acting as manager since 1st July—on the 1st October, about two o'clock, the prisoner came to the warehouse; I had ever seen him before to my knowledge—he said, "I want to buy a job lot of floorcloth," or words to that effect—I took him through and showed him several lots of goods, and quoted the prices for them—he came up close to me and said, "I will make it all right with you, you understand," and he pushed a sovereign into my hand, which I gave back to him—I showed him three or four lots together, and offered them to him for £20; he said, "Take £10 and £2 for yourself"; I said, "No, I can't do that"; he then offered me £12 and £2; after that £14 and £2, and eventually, when we got back into the office, he offered me £16 and £2—in the office, before we came to a final agree
<lb/>ment, he slipped a sovereign into my hand again; I opened my hand and let it drop on the office floor, and he picked it up—finally I agreed to take £18 for the goods; that was the lowest price I was autho
<lb/>rised to part with the goods for—the prisoner paid £15 10s. then, and promised to come later and pay the balance and take the goods away—I think there was a small cheque, and the rest cash—I was not there when he returned; I understand he did call; I waited until three—on the next afternoon I mentioned what had taken place to Mr. Holding, one of the principals—and I mentioned it to one or two fellows in the office he same afternoon, Mason was one of them—on the following day,</p>
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<p>October 2nd, I again saw the prisoner about five—he said, "I want you to make me up a job lot, and I will give you a
<hi rend="italic">fiver</hi> for yourself"—no business was done that day; I told him I was very busy, I had letters to write, and I put him off till Monday—that day I wrote to Scotland Yard, immediately he had gone—on the Monday morning I sent a telegram to the Islington works, postponing the matter till Wednesday—meantime, on the Saturday, I communicated what had happened to Mr. Whitley, one of the principals—on Wednesday, 7th October, about half-past three, the prisoner came to the office—at that time Detective Drew was there, under the counter; I took the prisoner round to the warehouse, and showed him three or four lots of goods; among them was a lot of 184 pieces, which I offered him for £150—I told him that was the lowest clearing price—he counted the number of pieces, but did not say any
<lb/>thing special about them—we then went back to the office, and he took a sovereign from his purse and offered it me in the same way as before—we were leaning over the counter talking—I refused it—he took full particulars on paper; I gave him the quantities—he said he did not see his way clear to buy them—we then talked about other things—I asked him what he was going to do with the goods, if he had a warehouse—he said he had a warehouse in Fashion Street, Spital-fields, I think, but I am not very clear—he said he would think it over and come back next day; Drew was still in the room—on the next day, the 8th, he came to the office about eleven in the forenoon; Drew was again there, in the same position as before—the prisoner began by asking if I would have something to drink; he followed that up by saying, "You're a teetotaler, ain't you?"—I said, "Yes"—he then said he had been looking through the particulars of the goods, and that he could not buy them—I said they were a very cheap lot, and I could not take less—£150 was mentioned several times—he went up and had another look at the goods; I did not go with him—I sent one of my men with him—he came back, and then he saw a grease spot on my trousers, and called my attention to it—I said it was an old pair of trousers—he said, "I wish you would give me your private address, I will send my tailor to you and make you a new suit of clothes"—I laughed, and said, "Do you deal in cloth, then?"—he said, "I deal in everything"—at last I said, "It is clear we are not going to do any business, let us go and have some lemonade;" we went out, and went first to a tobacco-shop a few doors off, where I got some tobacco, and then went across to the Northampton Arms; I had some lemonade, I don't know what he had; he paid for it; we sat down in a private bar, and he again offered me a sovereign, which I refused—he said, "This is nothing to do with anybody else what I will do"—I then put the sovereign in my pocket, and afterwards in this envelope; this is it—he then said, "I began to be suspicious of you; I began to think you were not all right, you would not say anything"—I said, "It is not for me to say any
<lb/>thing, that is for you"—he said, "Well I began to think you were one of the governors, it kept me awake all night thinking about it; I mid to myself, 'Good God! what have I done?' another thing made me suspicious; I saw several gentlemen go in and out of your office yesterday morning, and I did not like it; and another thing, one of your gentlemen came and looked through the window of your office while we were talking"—he described the gentleman's appearance—I said, "Then you were</p>
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<p>about there all the morning yesterday?"—he said, "Yes"; I said, "where were you? I did not see you"—he said, "Never mind where I was, I saw you"—he showed me a pocket-book with a lot of notes in, he turned them over and said he had £45 in notes and £15 in gold in his pocket—he said, "I will give you a piece of paper, but not here, I would like you to give me your private address, I would rather give it you at your own place"—I gave him my address, 11, Bedford Road, Tottenham, on apiece of paper—he said, "You know this ain't robbery;" he also said, "I always pay well; the last job I sent the man something to his private house, and nobody ever knew where it came from"—he then said he would come down—I said, "When will you come? you had better come this evening at seven"—I arranged with Drew to be there—the prisoner arrived soon after seven; I let him in, and took him into the room where Brew was secreted, after he had taken off his coat—my daughter was in a room on the other side of the passage—I gave him a seat, and locked the door and said, "Now let us get to business; what is it you want me to do?"—he said, "I will give you a piece of paper";—I asked what he meant by a piece of paper—he said, "A £5 note"—I said, "Which lot do you propose to buy?"—he said, "The 184 pieces"—I said, "What do you propose to pay for them"—he said, "£80"—I said, "When are you going to fetch them away?"—he said, "To-morrow; what will be the beat time?"—I said, "About two in the afternoon is the quietest time; when will you give me the £5, now?"—he said, "No, when the goods are on the van, and I have paid for them, I will shake hands with you with a piece of paper"—his pipe had gone out, and he could not make it draw, and I reached up to the gas burner to light a piece of paper, and it caught my thumb-nail and accidentally turned the gas out—directly after that Drew came out of his place behind an American organ, and arrested him as I went and opened the door—I heard the prisoner say a lot of things, one was asking to be forgiven, and he said, "Do, Mr. Dash, get me a knife to cut my throat"—I think I showed the sovereign that I have produced to Mason and one or two others when I got back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not hear all that passed between the prisoner and Drew—when I turned the gas out the room was in darkness till I opened the door; there was a light in the passage—Drew was quite concealed behind the organ—my employers carry on business at 48, New
<lb/>gate Street—the warehouse in Essex Road was in my' charge since 1st July—it was in contemplation to give it up—there were perhaps four or five thousand of these pieces in the warehouse—they were not samples or remnants, they were the remains of old stock—the price at which I offered them was 25 per cent. off the list price and 5 per cent, discount for cash; that was the lowest limit I had to offer, that was Mr. Whitley's authority, the head of the firm—that was my general instruction—the prisoner told me he had been to Newgate Street, and had been sent on from there; he showed me one of our labels, which I recognised—I think the first time he men
<lb/>tioned the warehouse in Fashion Street was on the 7th—he said he acted as cook at the soup-kitchen in the warehouse—he never connected that with his warehouse—I don't remember that anything was said as to my position at the warehouse, I think he would take that for granted—when ho first came he said he wanted a job lot, I showed him perhaps six or seven lots before I came to this lot—I asked him if he would buy</p>
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<p>by the square yard—he said he only wanted to buy job lots—I did not say he could have the first lot for £12—I did not say I should want £30 for the lots I ultimately sold him—he did not say that was too dear, it was not worth £14—he did not then offer £15, nor did I say he should have it for £22; there was no such conversation—£16 and £20 were mentioned, but not in the order in which you put them—he said, "I will give you all I have got in my pocket"—I said, "It depends how much you have got," and he emptied his pocket—I said they were worth £20, and that he would clear £10—the money in his pocket, including a small cheque, came to £15 10s.—the price of £18 was agreed on before the money was counted—no one else was present at that moment—the negotiation between us lasted twenty minutes or half an hour; when we got back to the office he put the sovereign into my hand before we had agreed the price—I deny that there was no offer of £1—I heard he had been to the office in the afternoon and taken away the goods; I did not see him then—it was about five o'clock on 2nd October when I caw him; the only offer made then was that of a
<hi rend="italic">fiver</hi> to make him up a job lot; there was no actual offer of coin—the conversation was open, and took place in the warehouse; about fifty men were about there, but it is a large place, and there was no one near enough to hear what was said—he was a stranger to me before the 1st—the second time on that 1st I let the £1 drop on the floor, and no doubt he picked it up and put it into his pocket again—I cannot say whether there was any question in his mind on the 1st that I was not likely to take money; I made it pretty apparent what my conduct was; I was rather surprised that he offered it a second time, and I was still more surprised that next day, I having twice refused the £1 on the first, he should offer me £5; I expressed my surprise to the men in the office—I said to the prisoner I could not do that sort of thing—I next saw him on the 7th, I think—on the 8th we went to the public-house—I did not say to him, "You can afford it; you made enough money out of that lot; you did not behave well to me," nothing of the sort—I did not say, "I should not care very much if I could get a pair of trousers out of it"—in the office he noticed my trousers were spotted with grease, and suggested that I should have a new pair—nothing was said about trousers at the public-house—he did not say, "I did not like to offer you anything, I took you for one of the governors"—I did not say, "No, I am only manager, they took me away from the shop in Newgate Street and sent me here to be salesman to clear out the goods," I don't remember that—he said he took me for one of the governors, but the other things I don't remember—
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did he say, "I thought you were one of the governors," and then "If I don't offend you there is a sovereign," handing you one? and did you say, "Thank you," and take it? and did the prisoner say," I have concluded my bargain and made something out of it"? intimating that if, in clearing the warehouse, you came across anything you was to keep it, and let him know and he would come—
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The only things about that that is true are that he thought I was one of the governors, and that he gave me a sovereign; I don't think anything else of that is correct—it was not suggested to me that if I came across any more remnants I should let the prisoner know, and that he would come—I did not say, "Yes, I will; if there are any job lots left when we come to clear out the warehouse I will let you know"—I produce that sovereign</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140009"/>
<p>—we had a lot of pears last summer, I mentioned that to him—he suggested he should come to my house, and fixed the time—nothing was said about pears then, I think; in a previous conversation I said I had about 2,000 pears—most of them were given away; we have some at home now—I did not hold out as an inducement that he should come and dispose of these pears; I don't know what he had in his mind—I did not hear him say anything about pears when he came to my house; I did not suggest that he should eat one, and he did not do so; nothing was said about pears, and they were not produced, to the best of my recollection—there was no tea—he did not say, "I did not come to transact any business, I came to look at the pears"—I had the policeman behind the organ—the conversation was not that I said, "How much are you going to give me, £10 or £5?" and that he said, "What do you mean? I don't know what you mean"—he did not say anything of that sort; he offered me £5 directly—I did not hold out my hand—the prisoner did not then say, "Are you a Forester?" he spoke about being a Forester or Oddfellow when he said what he meant by shaking hands with me with a piece of paper—I did not say, "I am not a Forester, I am an Oddfellow; never mind all that, you give me £5 now"—nothing was said about that—when I asked him if he was going to give me the £5 now, he said he had brought no money with him—I did not say, "Come to-morrow and bring £5 with you, and then I will shake hands with you;" he said that—the prisoner's pipe had gone out; I tried to light it, and while doing so the one gas-burner which was alight went out, and as there was no other light in the room, and that produced complete darkness, I went out to get a light, and as I opened the door to do so I heard the organ moving—I did not see the constable jump out and seize the prisoner by the throat—with regard to the £150 lot the goods were patterns which were out of print, old designs—a sovereign was offered three times altogether on the 7th, once when the detective was there—I have no recollection that the prisoner ever made an offer for the £150 lot—I heard the detective say he heard offers of £75 and £80—on the 8th I did not tell the prisoner I had sold some of the 184 pieces, but I told him I had sold some of the other lots—when the £1 was offered on the 7th the detective was under the counter, we were leaning over the counter; the prisoner was speaking in a very confidential tone then—in my original statement to the solicitor I said that the prisoner said, "I always pay well; the last time I sent something to the man's private house, and no one knew where it came from"—it was not asked me at the Police-court, and I did not say it there—my evidence was not read over to me there; I asked to be allowed to read it through, and they said they could not let me; they had not time and could not wait, and then I signed it;—I don't know if any goods had been stolen from the warehouse before I went there on 1st July; the stocktaking on 30th June showed a large deficiency—there was no stocktaking between 30th June and 1st October—I do not know if it was in consequence of the deficiency that I was put in charge of the warehouse; I should say not—I did not know of the deficiency then, not till the beginning of September probably—I knew it when the balance-sheet was struck, which was perhaps at the end of September or beginning of October; it took some time to work out the figures—it was before I saw the prisoner—my predecessor was one of the firm, who retired on 1st July—stock is only taken once a year—I did</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140010"/>
<p>not hear that there was to be a special stocktaking in consequence of the discovery at Christmas.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There were foremen at Essex Road, under the member of the firm who retired, and they had considerable power, and had been there at the beginning of the year—it was a general deficiency in the stock over the entire business at the three or four places; there are large works at Edmonton.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-20" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-20" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK MASON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the employment of the prosecutors—on the 1st October I was in the Essex Road warehouse when the prisoner came there—he came a second time to take away the goods which he said he had purchased—three parcels were delivered to him, and then he pointed to another lot, which had not been sold to him, saying, "Now that lot"—I said, "You know what you have bought, and I know better"—I refused to let it go—the parcel he pointed out was worth much more than the next lot to it, which he had previously bought—Mr. Dash, the manager there, spoke to me on 1st and 2nd—after the 8th October ho showed me a sovereign.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had been shown what the prisoner had purchased—he claimed two pieces which I disputed; I referred to the man, and found the prisoner was right, that he had purchased those two pieces; they were standing up in different parts of the warehouse away from the others, and I refused to let him have them—I told him I was well acquainted with what he had purchased.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> They had no reference at all to the lot he pointed out; they were in a different part of the warehouse altogether.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-21" type="surname" value="WHITLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-21" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS WHITLEY</persName> </hi>. I am the senior partner of the firm of Ridley, Whitley and Co., of 42, Newgate Street, and 292, Essex Road—Mr. Dash was appointed our manager of the Essex Road warehouse in July; he has been twenty-five years in our employment—I had gone over the 184 pieces, and had pointed them out as a lot to be sold at 25 per cent, off and 5 per cent, discount, which worked out at £150 within a few shillings—he was not authorised to sell that parcel for anything less than that amount, and he had no discretion in the matter below that amount—on the 3rd October Mr. Dash made a statement to me; he had communicated with the police before that—subsequent proceedings were taken with my authority.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We think there was a large deficiency of stock on 1st July—stock was taken on 30th June, and the amount was estimated fully two months afterwards—we had not taken stock between 1st July and 8th October—a member of our firm had had charge of the Essex Road warehouse to a certain extent, but he had managers under him who had to pay attention to the business generally, not only foremen—one foreman is not in our employment now—a number of persons are not in our employment now, but it is not consequent on the deficiency, but because we had made up our minds to dismiss a certain number of the staff there before the stocktaking was finished—we were not able to find out in any way how this large deficiency of stock had arisen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> A foreman who was there with our former partner is no longer in our service.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-22" type="surname" value="CONWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-22" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CONWAY</persName> </hi>. I have been in the prosecutors' employment nearly twenty years—in October I was on the Essex Road premises—on one occasion I looked through the office window when the prisoner and Mr.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140011"/>
<p>Dash were there in consultation, and then I went away—I did not hear what was said.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-23" type="surname" value="DREW"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-23" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD DREW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). On 3rd October I received instruc
<lb/>tions from Scotland Yard, and went to these premises in Essex Road, where I saw Mr. Dash, who made a statement to me—after seeing Mr. Whitley I suggested sending off a telegram to alter the date from Monday, 5th, to Wednesday, 7th—that was sent—on Wednesday, 7th, I went to the premises and to Mr. Dash's office, and there I concealed myself under the counter—about half-past three p.m. the prisoner came in—Mr. Dash was there, and left the office with him—shortly after they returned, and a conversation took place between them; I heard part of it, it was in reference to the different lots—the prisoner asked for par
<lb/>ticulars as to each lot that had been shown—I heard £60 mentioned: for one lot, £150 for another, £210 for another—an appointment was made for the prisoner to come back next morning, and he left, taking with him the particulars of the different lots—I could not hear all the conversation from where I was concealed, as they moved about the office—the next day, the 8th, I again concealed myself in the same place—the prisoner came in about half-past ten, and there was further conversation about pieces and prices, and then he and Mr. Dash left the office together—I could not hear all the conversation—afterwards Mr. Dash returned alone in about a quarter of an hour or twenty minutes' time, and an arrangement was made between me and Mr. Dash that I should go to his private house that evening; he also showed me a sovereign—that evening I went to 11, Bedford Road, Tottenham, shortly before seven—Mr. Dash let me in, and I saw Miss Dash there—I went into the front room ground floor, and effectually concealed myself behind a small American organ drawn diagonally across the room; I was between the organ and the corner—after a short time the prisoner came in; Mr. Dash entered the room with him—I could hear pretty well what took place—Mr. Dash said, "Let us get to business; what is it you want me to do?"—the prisoner said, "I want to give you a piece of paper for yourself"—Mr. Dash said, "What do you mean, £5 or £10?"—the prisoner said, "£5; which lot is the 184 pieces?"—Mr. Dash said, "The £150 lot"—the prisoner said, "When would be the best time to take them away?"—Mr. Dash said, "About two o'clock to-morrow afternoon; when are you going to give me the £5?"—the prisoner said, "To-morrow, when you give me the goods to take away"—Mr. Dash said, "Why not give it to me now? You had plenty of money this afternoon, £60; what did you do with it?"—he said, "I left it at home; there is the other large piece there, the other lot, could you put them in for me with them?"—Mr. Dash said, Yes"—the prisoner said, "When I come to take the things away I will shake hands with you, and put it in your hand"—the prisoner said he would give £80 for the £150 lot; Mr. Dash said, "What do you propose to pay?" and he said £80—he asked if he was a Forester, and he would show him how Foresters shook hands; that was in connection with the giving of the money—the gas was turned out, and Mr. Dash opened the door and let in some light From the hall, and then I emerged from my hiding-place, and in doing so the organ was pushed on one side, and directly the prisoner heard the organ move he made a rush out into the passage, and I caught him just against the street door, and before I said anything to him he cried out at once, when</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140012"/>
<p>I caught him, "Oh, forgive me! I have been led into it; oh, do forgive me!"—he was crying and shouting, shouting out this at the top of his voice—I brought him back into the room, and he threw himself into a chair, and put his hands on his throat as if ho were trying to tear it; he said, "Oh, forgive me! I have been led into it"—he asked me to give him a knife, and he would cut his throat, or to get a knife and cut his throat for him—I was unable to say anything to him; this lasted very nearly five minutes, and for the whole of that time he was crying and halloaing out—when I got an opportunity I said, "lama police officer; I am going to take you into custody on a charge of inciting Mr. Dash to steal from his master"—he began again, and said, "Oh, forgive me! I have been led into it"—we pacified him; I put his coat and hat on, and took him to the station, where the inspector charged him with inciting Mr. Dash to steal; he was crying; he said, "I did not steal anything; I have not stolen anything"—I said, "You are not charged with stealing; you are charged with inciting Dash to steal"—he said, "I have been led into it"—he gave his name and address as Jacob de Kromme, 54, Cornwall Street, Shad well, and described himself as a costermonger; that was his general business—I went to 54, Cornwall Street—his name was not up, but there was a board with "Dutch Pickles Sold" on it—it was a very small one-storied house, with ground and first floors—there was a very small shop—there were Dutch pickles, in bottles and half-barrels, as they are usually sold—I have been to Fashion Street, Spitalfields; there was no warehouse there belonging to the prisoner, but I made careful inquiries—there is a soup-kitchen there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I came out from behind the American organ the gas was out, and whatever light there was came from the hall—I did not jump out and seize him—I seized him when I found he was going out of the front door—I did not come out very sharp; he rushed away as soon as he saw something moving—he did not scream out at once, "I have been lured into this; I have been misled; don't cut my throat"—the hall I caught him in was lighted, and by the time I got him back into the room Mr. Dash had lighted the gas—when I said I was a detective the prisoner did not say, "I am not afraid now; I have been misled; I thought it was a robber"—I was asked that at the Police-court—the prisoner asked for a glass of water before we left; he seemed sorry to think he was in the hands of the police, and in a condi
<lb/>tion of abject terror; he cried; it is not unusual for persons to cry when they are arrested—I should think if a man were seized in the dark by a person he thought was a robber he would try to escape—I searched him there—he did not say he had been misled, nor that he was innocent; he said he had been led into it—at the station he said, "I have been led into it, do forgive me!"—he was crying during the whole of the time at the station; he may have said there, "I am innocent," I should not say he did, I made no note; if it is in the depositions he did say so—I think he said, "I am innocent; I have been led into it; forgive me!"—he did not say it before he was at the station; he cried all the way there—on 7th October I was under the counter, I heard nothing about a sovereign being given—I was hiding myself; I heard what I could—I understood some pieces had been sold out of a lot, and I thought it might apply to the £150 lot—my deposition was read to me, I cannot say if Mr. Dash's was read to him, our hearings were on different days—I said before the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140013"/>
<p>Magistrate that on October 8th, when the defendant came, Mr. Dash told him he had sold some pieces; I did not understand from which lot, and that from different lots he would add pieces to make up the £150—I heard the prisoner say he would give £75, and I think £80 was afterwards mentioned; that was not in response to Mr. Dash that he would make an offer; he did not make an offer—I did not hear Mr. Dash say, when he came in, "There are only two of us here," or anything of that kind—the prisoner did not say he was innocent at the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-24" type="surname" value="COGLAN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-24" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES COGLAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector</hi>). I was in charge of the station when the prisoner was brought there on the night of October 8th—when the charge was read he was crying very much, and he said, "I did not steal anything"—I told him he was not charged with stealing, and read the charge again to him and explained it—he said, "I am innocent; I have been led into this;" he was crying and sobbing very bitterly.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-25" type="surname" value="DREW"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-25" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD DREW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The prisoner had £2 odd, and I gave that to him; he had also some keys, no pocket-book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that there was no case to go to the Jury. With regard to the counts charging the inciting the witness Bash to commit larceny, if the facts did not disclose that there could be any felony in Dash for disposing of his master's goods, there could not be a misdemeanour in the prisoner for inciting him to commit that offence. If Dash had sold the goods for less than their proper price, that would be a breach of his duty; but he could not be indicted for stealing, as he would not have appropriated the goods to his own use, but only sold them for his master, deriving for himself some pecuniary benefit by the transaction. As to the counts charging an incitement to conspire to cheat and defraud the prosecutors of their goods and moneys, there could be no such conspiracy, because no moneys had passed into the prosecutor's possession, and a person could not be defrauded of what he had not got, and no goods would have passed into the possession of Dash. It was no more than a corrupt arrangement to let the prisoner have a good bargain. The last count charged incitement to conspire to steal, and the same arguments would apply. An incite
<lb/>ment to commit something which did not amount to a misdemeanour could not itself be a misdemeanour. Upon the whole, therefore, the counts, although good in form, failed from want of evidence.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">contended that the incitement to commit a misdemeanour charged in the fourth count was itself a misdemeanour, and that upon the other counts it was a question for the Jury whether the evidence had not established an incitement to steal, and an incite
<lb/>ment to conspire to steal. If Dash had fallen in with the suggestion made by the prisoner, and had allowed the goods to leave the premises on payment of a less price than should have been paid, a joint felony would have been committed by them.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that the case must go to the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">but that if necessary he would reserve the point. The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18911214-79-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-79-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-79-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-79-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-79-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-79-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-79-18911214 t18911214-79-punishment-1"/>Judgment reserved.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-80">
<interp inst="t18911214-80" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-80" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-80-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-80-18911214 t18911214-80-offence-1 t18911214-80-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-80-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-80-18911214 t18911214-80-offence-2 t18911214-80-verdict-1"/>
<p>80.
<persName id="def1-80-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-80-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18911214" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18911214" type="surname" value="CROOK"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18911214" type="given" value="EDWARD ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD ALFRED CROOK</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-80-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-80-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-80-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-80-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-80-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-80-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to forging and uttering an endorsement on a cheque for £32 18s.;</rs>
<rs id="t18911214-80-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-80-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-80-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>and to two indictments for forging and uttering receipts.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-80-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-80-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-80-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-80-18911214 t18911214-80-punishment-2"/>Eighteen Months' Hard labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-81">
<interp inst="t18911214-81" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-81" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-81-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-81-18911214 t18911214-81-offence-1 t18911214-81-verdict-1"/>
<p>81.
<persName id="def1-81-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-81-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-81-18911214" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-81-18911214" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="def1-81-18911214" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BARBER</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-81-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-81-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-81-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to marrying
<persName id="t18911214-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-28" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-28" type="surname" value="FRENCH"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-28" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-81-offence-1 t18911214-name-28"/>Mary Ann French</persName>, his wife being then alive.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-81-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-81-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-81-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-81-18911214 t18911214-81-punishment-3"/>Twelve Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911214-81-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-81-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-81-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-82">
<interp inst="t18911214-82" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-82" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-82-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-82-18911214 t18911214-82-offence-1 t18911214-82-verdict-1"/>
<p>82.
<persName id="def1-82-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-82-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18911214" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18911214" type="surname" value="PHILLIPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18911214" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES PHILLIPSON</hi> (58)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-82-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-82-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-82-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering a cheque for £50 10s.;</rs> and
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a previous conviction of felony in January, 1889, in the name of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140014"/>
<p>
<persName id="t18911214-name-30">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-30" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-30" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>Charles Edwards</persName>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-82-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-82-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-82-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-82-18911214 t18911214-82-punishment-4"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911214-82-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-82-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-82-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-83">
<interp inst="t18911214-83" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-83" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-83-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-83-18911214 t18911214-83-offence-1 t18911214-83-verdict-1"/>
<p>83.
<persName id="def1-83-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-83-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18911214" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18911214" type="surname" value="WHALES"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18911214" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WHALES</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-83-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-83-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-83-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to marrying
<persName id="t18911214-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-32" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-32" type="surname" value="MAHONY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-32" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-83-offence-1 t18911214-name-32"/>Mary Ann Mahony</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-83-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-83-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-83-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-83-18911214 t18911214-83-punishment-5"/>Four Months' Hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911214-83-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-83-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-83-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-84">
<interp inst="t18911214-84" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-84" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-84-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-84-18911214 t18911214-84-offence-1 t18911214-84-verdict-1"/>
<p>84.
<persName id="def1-84-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-84-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18911214" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18911214" type="surname" value="SELF"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18911214" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK SELF</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-84-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-84-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-84-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18911214-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-34" type="surname" value="TREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-34" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-84-offence-1 t18911214-name-34"/>Daniel Treen</persName>, and stealing three shillings therein;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a conviction of felony in January, 1891.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-84-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-84-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-84-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-84-18911214 t18911214-84-punishment-6"/>Nine Months' Hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911214-84-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-84-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-84-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-85">
<interp inst="t18911214-85" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-85" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-85-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-85-18911214 t18911214-85-offence-1 t18911214-85-verdict-1"/>
<p>85.
<persName id="def1-85-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-85-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-85-18911214" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-85-18911214" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-85-18911214" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK SULLIVAN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-85-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-85-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-85-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18911214-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-36" type="surname" value="BRODERICK"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-36" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-85-offence-1 t18911214-name-36"/>Albert Broderick</persName>, and stealing three salt cellars and other articles;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a conviction of felony in January, 1889, in the name of
<persName id="t18911214-name-37">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-37" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-37" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>George Wright</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-85-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-85-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-85-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-85-18911214 t18911214-85-punishment-7"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911214-85-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-85-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-85-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-86">
<interp inst="t18911214-86" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-86" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-86-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-86-18911214 t18911214-86-offence-1 t18911214-86-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-86-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-86-18911214 t18911214-86-offence-2 t18911214-86-verdict-1"/>
<p>86.
<persName id="def1-86-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-86-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-86-18911214" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-86-18911214" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-86-18911214" type="given" value="SAMUEL JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL JAMES BRYANT</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-86-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-86-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-86-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering an order for the payment of £9 16s.,</rs>
<rs id="t18911214-86-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-86-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-86-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>and to forging and uttering a receipt for the payment of the same sum, he being employed under the
<persName id="t18911214-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-39" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-86-offence-2 t18911214-name-39"/>Post Office</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t18911214-86-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-86-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-86-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18911214-86-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-86-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-86-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-86-18911214 t18911214-86-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-87">
<interp inst="t18911214-87" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-87" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-87-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-87-18911214 t18911214-87-offence-1 t18911214-87-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-87-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-87-18911214 t18911214-87-offence-2 t18911214-87-verdict-1"/>
<p>87.
<persName id="def1-87-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-87-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18911214" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18911214" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18911214" type="given" value="MARSHALL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARSHALL WATSON</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-87-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-87-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-87-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing a post letter, the property of the
<persName id="t18911214-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-41" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-87-offence-1 t18911214-name-41"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office;</rs>
<rs id="t18911214-87-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-87-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-87-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing nine post letters.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-87-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-87-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-87-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-87-18911214 t18911214-87-punishment-9"/>Twelve Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911214-87-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-87-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-87-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-88">
<interp inst="t18911214-88" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-88" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-88-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-88-18911214 t18911214-88-offence-1 t18911214-88-verdict-1"/>
<p>88.
<persName id="def1-88-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-88-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-88-18911214" type="surname" value="CALVERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-88-18911214" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HENRY CALVERT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911214-88-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-88-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-88-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing a post letter, the property of the
<persName id="t18911214-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-43" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-88-offence-1 t18911214-name-43"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-88-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-88-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-88-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-88-18911214 t18911214-88-punishment-10"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911214-88-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-88-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-88-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-89">
<interp inst="t18911214-89" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-89" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-89-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-89-18911214 t18911214-89-offence-1 t18911214-89-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-89-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-89-18911214 t18911214-89-offence-2 t18911214-89-verdict-1"/>
<p>89.
<persName id="def1-89-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-89-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18911214" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18911214" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18911214" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER RUSSELL</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-89-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-89-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-89-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to a like offence; and</rs>
<rs id="t18911214-89-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-89-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-89-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a Post Office order, value five shillings.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-89-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-89-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-89-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-89-18911214 t18911214-89-punishment-11"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911214-89-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-89-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-89-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-90">
<interp inst="t18911214-90" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-90" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-90-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-90-18911214 t18911214-90-offence-1 t18911214-90-verdict-1"/>
<p>90.
<persName id="def1-90-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-90-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18911214" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18911214" type="surname" value="TOMLIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18911214" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN TOMLIN</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-90-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-90-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-90-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing a post letter, the property of the
<persName id="t18911214-name-46" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-46" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-90-offence-1 t18911214-name-46"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-90-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-90-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-90-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-90-18911214 t18911214-90-punishment-12"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And
<rs id="t18911214-90-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-90-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-90-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-91">
<interp inst="t18911214-91" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-91" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-91-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-91-18911214 t18911214-91-offence-1 t18911214-91-verdict-1"/>
<p>(91).
<persName id="def1-91-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-91-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18911214" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18911214" type="surname" value="DAWSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18911214" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM DAWSON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911214-91-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-91-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-91-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> (39), to stealing a post letter-bag and eight registered letters, the property of the
<persName id="t18911214-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-48" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-91-offence-1 t18911214-name-48"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-91-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-91-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-91-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-91-18911214 t18911214-91-punishment-13"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911214-91-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-91-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-91-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-92">
<interp inst="t18911214-92" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-92" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-92-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-92-18911214 t18911214-92-offence-1 t18911214-92-verdict-1"/>
<p>92.
<persName id="def1-92-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-92-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18911214" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18911214" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18911214" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HARRIS</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-92-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-92-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-92-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARTRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. K. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-50" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-50" type="surname" value="ELFRED"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-50" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY ELFRED</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Admiral Carter, 8, Bartholomew Close—on 14th November, about three p.m., the prisoner came in and asked for half a pint of four ale—he handed me a sixpence—I put it in the till, and thought it dropped down rather light—that was the top com
<lb/>partment; it was empty—he drank his beer and went out—he asked me whether we made pennyworths of Burton—about five minutes after
<lb/>wards he came into another compartment, and called for half a pint of ale—Mrs. Green, who was in the bar, told me to serve him, and while I was drawing the beer he asked Mrs. Green whether we made penny
<lb/>worths of bitter; she said "No"—I had my suspicions, and went to the till and tested the second sixpence, and found it bad—I had not put it in the till; I gave it to Mrs. Green, and she broke it—I told her in his hearing, and she went to the till and found the other one was bad; she said, "Do you know you have given me a bad sixpence?"—he made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mrs. Green and myself were the only persons serving—I had been in the bar since eleven a.m.; but Mrs. Green and Mr. Thomas Green were in the bar while I went to dinner, but it was in the bar-parlour—I had never seen the prisoner before—Mr. Thomas Green was not called at the Police-court—the till is Fox's patent—I gave</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140015"/>
<p>the prisoner fivepence change—many good sixpences are light—I have been at the house three and a half years—Mrs. Green broke the second sixpence with snappers; they are pretty strong—I do not think they are strong enough to break a good coin—I had not taken anything between the first and second time—I tested it with acid first—I do not know whether it was broken.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-51" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-51" type="given" value="MINNIE JULIA"/>MINNIE JULIA GREEN</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and keep the Admiral Carter public-house—on Saturday, 14th November, about 2.47 p.m. I cleared the till—I saw the prisoner in the bar about 2.55; I heard him ask my bar
<lb/>maid for a glass of ale, and as he was going he asked her if we made penny
<lb/>worths of Barton, which caused me to look up, and I noticed him—I saw him go out—he came in again about five minutes afterwards by the back entrance, which brought him into a different compartment—I walked towards him, and he asked me for half a pint of ale—I called to the barmaid, and she brought it—he asked me if I sold pennyworths of bitter—I said, "No"—that raised my suspicion, and I looked at him again—he tendered a sixpence—I went with the barmaid to the till, and tested the coin with a bottle of acid with which I test silver; it turned black—I took it to the break, and broke it in two pieces—this was the second coin—I said to the prisoner, "You nave been here before"—he said, "No, I have not"—I said, "You came in at the front entrance"—he said, "Oh, no; I did not"—I then went to the till, and there was only one sixpence there, the first one; I put the acid on it and it turned black—I said to my barman, in the prisoner's hearing, "Just see to this man, will you?" holding the broken sixpence in my hand the last one tendered—the barman said, "What is the meaning of this?"—I did not hear the prisoner answer, but I saw him tender a shilling to the barman, and say, "See, is that a good one?"—it was good—I said to the barman, "He has given another bad sixpence; charge him"—I sent for a constable, and he was given in custody—I do not know what became of the first sixpence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were several other men in that compartment—I found the first sixpence in the glass on top of the till; there was nothing else there—I took it out and tested it, and cannot tell what be
<lb/>came of it afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-52" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-52" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GREEN</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Admiral Carter—on 14th November Mrs. Green said to me, in the prisoner's presence, "See to this man, he has passed a bad sixpence"—she gave me a sixpence; I broke it, and put the two pieces down and said, "This won't do"—he gave me a shining—I saw Mrs. Green come from the till with another bad sixpence—the prisoner was charged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-53" type="surname" value="DEMPSEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-53" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DEMPSEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City</hi> 357). I was called to the Admiral Carter on 14th November, about 3.15 p.m., and Mrs. Green said she wished to charge the prisoner for changing two bad sixpences—he said, "No such thing, I came in and called for a drink, and tendered sixpence; they told me it was bad, and said I had been in before"—I told him he would have to go to the station—he said, "All right; don't make a show of me"—I searched him at the station, and found three shillings, six six
<lb/>pences, and 1s. 10 1/2 d. in bronze—before he was charged he said, "I gave the other sixpence to a man in the bar; I don't know him"—Thomas Green handed me this sixpence in two pieces (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the bronze was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140016"/>
<p>und in one pocket, and the three sixpences were in a pocket of his overcoat.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-54" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-54" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this sixpence is counterfeit—a good sixpence will break in a tester, with unusual force—a counterfeit coin bends, and you break it by bending it back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">M. J. GREEN</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I just put the coin into the tester and bent it down, and it broke as it fell into my hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "All I say is, I did not know it was bad."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-92-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-92-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-92-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-93">
<interp inst="t18911214-93" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-93" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-93-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-93-18911214 t18911214-93-offence-1 t18911214-93-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-93-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-93-18911214 t18911214-93-offence-1 t18911214-93-verdict-1"/>
<p>93.
<persName id="def1-93-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-93-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18911214" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18911214" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18911214" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD COOPER</hi> (30)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-93-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-93-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-93-18911214" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def2-93-18911214" type="surname" value="RICE"/>
<interp inst="def2-93-18911214" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES RICE</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-93-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-93-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-93-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in their possession, with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-57" type="surname" value="OUTRAM"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-57" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER OUTRAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On the afternoon of 7th November I was on duty in Gracechurch Street, and saw the prisoners together—I followed them to Leadenhall Market, and through several streets to London Street, Fenchurch Street—they were in company all that time—Cooper went into a shop in Leadenhall Street, and remained about twenty minutes; he came out, and Rice crossed over to him—I went into the shop and spoke to Miss Stephenson, the manageress, and came out and found the prisoners in Railway Place—I followed them some distance, and came back to Railway Place again, and spoke to Sergeant Funnell, who caught hold of Rice and I of Cooper—I said, "We are police officers; you will be charged with uttering a counterfeit half-crown at a shop in London Street; "neither of them said anything—we took them into the doorway of 65, Fenchurch Street; I put my hand in Cooper's right-hand pocket, and took out this counterfeit half-crown—I then put my hand in Rice's coat pocket, and found a piece of paper with coins wrapped up separately, with paper between each—I saw that they were bad, and said, "You will be charged with having counterfeit coin in your possession"—Cooper said, "I did not know it was bad"—they were taken to Seething Lane Station, where I searched Cooper, and found two good florins and a penny; Tew searched Rice, and found ten counterfeit florins and two half-crowns on him—I saw about £3 in good money found on Rice—Cooper said, "I did not know it was bad;" Rice said nothing—they each said, "I refuse my address"—I went back and saw Miss Stephen
<lb/>son, who handed me another bad half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-58" type="surname" value="FUNNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-58" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS FUNNELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant G.E.R.</hi>). On 7th November I was in uniform; Outram spoke to me, and we followed the two prisoners—I took Rice, and saw Outram take Cooper, and take from him some florins or half-crowns, and several coins from the leg of his trousers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-59" type="surname" value="TEW"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-59" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK TEW</persName> </hi>. I went to Outram's assistance, and aided in taking the prisoner to the station—I searched Rice, and found ten florins and two half-crowns wrapped in paper in the inside of the left leg of his trousers, with newspaper between each coin, and £3 0s. 11d. in good money, also a bottle of phosphate of ammonia, which is used for cleaning metal.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-60" type="surname" value="STEPHENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-60" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY STEPHENSON</persName> </hi>. I manage the shop of Mr. Silk, 14, London Street, Fenchurch Street—on 7th November, in the afternoon, Cooper came in for a sausage-roll and gave me a half-crown; I put it on a shelf and took two shillings and a sixpence off; I put the sixpence in the till</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140017"/>
<p>and gave him fourpence—there was no other half-crown or large coin on the shelf—he left, and Sergeant Outram came in and spoke to me; I went to the till and found the half-crown was bad, by the weight—I gave it to the sergeant—I marked it when he came a second time—this is it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-61" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-61" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these four half-crowns are bad; this one is from the same mould as one of those found on Wright—here are twenty florins, wrapped up in half loads of ten, all counterfeit—phosphate of ammonia may be used for cleaning anything; I believe photographers use it as well.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cooper's Defence.</hi> Rice picked them up in Cannon Street, and gave me two, and I went and passed one and gave him the change.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Rice, in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defence, stated that he picked up the coins in Cannon Street in a brown paper bag, and not knowing they were bad gate two of them to Cooper, who changed one of them, and came back and said that it was good; and while they were talking they were arrested.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-93-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-93-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-93-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-93-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-93-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-93-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-93-18911214 t18911214-93-punishment-14"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-93-18911214 t18911214-93-punishment-14"/>Eighteen Months Hard Labour each</rs>. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">commended Sergeant Outram.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-94">
<interp inst="t18911214-94" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-94" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-94-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-94-18911214 t18911214-94-offence-1 t18911214-94-verdict-1"/>
<p>94.
<persName id="def1-94-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-94-18911214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18911214" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18911214" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18911214" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUISA STEVENS</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-94-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-94-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-94-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-94-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-94-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-94-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously mar
<lb/>rying
<persName id="t18911214-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-63" type="surname" value="LESTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-63" type="given" value="GEORGE AUGUSTUS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-94-offence-1 t18911214-name-63"/>George Augustus Lester</persName>, her husband being alive. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-94-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-94-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-94-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-94-18911214 t18911214-94-punishment-15"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, December</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-95">
<interp inst="t18911214-95" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-95" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-95-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-95-18911214 t18911214-95-offence-1 t18911214-95-verdict-1"/>
<p>95.
<persName id="def1-95-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-95-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18911214" type="surname" value="FRYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18911214" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WILLIAM FRYER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911214-95-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-95-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-95-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining £100 by false pretences from
<persName id="t18911214-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-65" type="surname" value="CAWTHORN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-65" type="given" value="GEORGE JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-95-offence-1 t18911214-name-65"/>George James Cawthorn</persName>, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. KEMP</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">M. R. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18911214-95-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-95-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-95-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noAgreement"/>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">being unable to agree, were discharged without returning any verdict.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-96">
<interp inst="t18911214-96" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-96" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-96-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18911214 t18911214-96-offence-1 t18911214-96-verdict-1"/>
<p>96.
<persName id="def1-96-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-96-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18911214" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18911214" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18911214" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BROWN</hi> (49)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-96-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-96-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-96-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, together with another person unknown, robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18911214-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-67" type="surname" value="SWALE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-67" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-96-offence-1 t18911214-name-67"/>Solomon Swale</persName>, and stealing his watch and chain.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROACH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-68" type="surname" value="SWALE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-68" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>SOLOMON SWALE</persName> </hi>. I live at 39, Baring Street, Islington, and am fore
<lb/>man to the Commissioners of City Sewers—between eight and half past p.m., on 10th November, I was in Shepperton Road, Islington, with two small jugs in my hands, when the prisoner met me and struck me on the breast several times—two or three minutes after another man came up—I was deprived of my senses for a short time; I put the jugs down, and seized and held him, and while I did so the other man took my watch and chain from my breast pocket and ran away—I held the prisoner—I made to follow the other man, and the prisoner held me; he would have followed the other man, but I held him till a policeman came, and I gave him into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> Nobody was round us—I met you thirty yards from my door—I charged you at the time with thumping</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140018"/>
<p>and punching me in the breast; I have the pain now—I had beer in the jugs—I caught you by the collar and tie.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-69" type="surname" value="TIMS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-69" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT TIMS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">N</hi> 361). On 20th November my attention was attracted to a crowd in Shepperton Street—I went, and saw the prisoner held by the prosecutor, whe said the prisoner and another man had stolen his watch and chain, and he gave the prisoner in charge for assaulting him; he said he had struck him several times—he was very much upset and excited; he appeared to be in pain, and was unable to attend the Police-court for a week afterwards—the prisoner said, "I have not stolen his watch; I have only been in the public-house to have a glass of beer; you may search me"—he was taken to the station; he made no state
<lb/>ment there—the watch has not been recovered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prosecutor was holding you in the Shepperton Road, against the public-house—Baring Street is close by, on the opposite side of the road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-70" type="surname" value="SHANNAHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-70" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK SHANNAHAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 211). On the night of 10th November I was called to the Rosemary Branch public-house, where I saw the prosecutor and Tims holding the prisoner—the prosecutor said the prisoner had stolen his watch and struck him in the chest; the prisoner said, "Search me, search me, I have not got a watch"—we took him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Several men, respectable as far as I know, spoke in your favour, and said you did not do it; that was as to stealing the watch—on the next morning the prosecutor did not appear against you; I went to his house, and he was too ill to attend; I saw him sitting in a chair by the fire.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner said he came out of a public-house and asked the prosecutor, who was coming across the road shouting police, what was the matter, when the prosecutor seized him and said he was one of them.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-96-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-96-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-96-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-97">
<interp inst="t18911214-97" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-97" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-97-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-97-18911214 t18911214-97-offence-1 t18911214-97-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-97-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-97-18911214 t18911214-97-offence-1 t18911214-97-verdict-1"/>
<p>97.
<persName id="def1-97-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-97-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18911214" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18911214" type="surname" value="PERKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18911214" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY PERKINS</hi> (17)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-97-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-97-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-97-18911214" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-97-18911214" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="def2-97-18911214" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY PARKER</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-97-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-97-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-97-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Break
<lb/>ing and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18911214-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-73" type="surname" value="SPARKS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-73" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-97-offence-1 t18911214-name-73"/>Benjamin Sparks</persName>, with intent to commit felony therein.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MCMORRAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-74" type="surname" value="SPARKS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-74" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN SPARKS</persName> </hi>. I am the landlord of the Grapes public-house, Mill Street—on the night of 4th December I was the last up; I locked up my premises—there is an outside gate fastened by a padlock; and a door, partly glass and partly wood, locked—about three o'clock in the morning I was called up by a constable—I found the lock of the front gate broken, and the fanlight over the door pushed back—anyone by getting through the gate and fanlight could get in the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-75" type="surname" value="HASTED"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-75" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HASTED</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">C</hi> 152). Early on 5th December I passed these pre
<lb/>mises several times—about half an hour after I had seen them safe I found the padlock wrenched off and broken.</p>
<p>----
<hi rend="smallCaps">DEX</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">C</hi> 30). About half-past two a.m. on 5th December I was with another constable on duty in Regent Street—I noticed the prisoners down Conduit Street, loitering—I lost sight of them four or five times, and shortly afterwards they came hurriedly out of Mill Street, up Conduit Street, and along Regent Street towards Burlington Street—seeing me and the other constable coming after them they ran up Chapel Court—we went after them and stopped them; Parker dropped this chisel—I picked it up and asked Parker what it was—he said, "I don't know; I found it in Piccadilly, and am going to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140019"/>
<p>take it home to my father"—the other constable had Perkins—at the station Parker gave his name and address, "Henry Parker, Windmill Street, Tottenham Court Road"—Perkins gave an address at Stamford Street—I have inquired at those addresses, and cannot hear anything of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Perkins.</hi> You did not walk towards us, but away from us.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Parker.</hi> You were living with your mother, who is separated from your father.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-76" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-76" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT SCOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">C</hi> 396). I was on duty in Regent Street on this morning, and saw the prisoners go down Conduit Street and turn into Kill Street; they were there about two minutes, and then came hurrying back, and stood at the corner together for a few seconds—they went up Conduit Street—we went after them up Chapel Court—Parker dropped the chisel—I took Perkins, and told him I should take him into custody for loitering—he said, "All right, governor; I will go quiet."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that no ease of burglary had been established, as there was no proof of entry.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-97-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-97-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-97-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="fault"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, December</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th; and</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-98">
<interp inst="t18911214-98" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-98" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-98-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-98-18911214 t18911214-98-offence-1 t18911214-98-verdict-1"/>
<p>98.
<persName id="def1-98-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-98-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18911214" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18911214" type="surname" value="ASHBY"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18911214" type="given" value="GEORGE ASHBY HERMAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ASHBY HERMAN ASHBY</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-98-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-98-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-98-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-98-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-98-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-98-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully obtaining goods, value £20, on credit, he being an un
<lb/>discharged bankrupt.—</rs>
<rs id="t18911214-98-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-98-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-98-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-98-18911214 t18911214-98-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-99">
<interp inst="t18911214-99" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-99" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-99-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-99-18911214 t18911214-99-offence-1 t18911214-99-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-99-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-99-18911214 t18911214-99-offence-2 t18911214-99-verdict-1"/>
<p>99.
<persName id="def1-99-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-99-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18911214" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18911214" type="surname" value="CARLISLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18911214" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CARLISLE</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-99-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-99-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-99-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing a watch, a pin, and three rings, of
<persName id="t18911214-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-79" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-79" type="given" value="SAMUEL MORRIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-99-offence-1 t18911214-name-79"/>Samuel Morris Samuel</persName>, his master;</rs>
<rs id="t18911214-99-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-99-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-99-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>and to three other indictments for stealing other articles.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-99-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-99-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-99-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-99-18911214 t18911214-99-punishment-17"/>Eight Month' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And
<rs id="t18911214-99-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-99-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-99-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-100">
<interp inst="t18911214-100" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-100" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-100-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18911214 t18911214-100-offence-1 t18911214-100-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-100-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-100-18911214 t18911214-100-offence-1 t18911214-100-verdict-1"/>
<p>(100).
<persName id="def1-100-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-100-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18911214" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18911214" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18911214" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY CLARK</hi> (45)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-100-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-100-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-100-18911214" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-100-18911214" type="surname" value="BROOKHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="def2-100-18911214" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BROOKHOUSE</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-100-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-100-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-100-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18911214-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-82" type="surname" value="HARRISSON"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-82" type="given" value="WILLIAM RILEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-100-offence-1 t18911214-name-82"/>William Riley Harrisson</persName>, and stealing two rabbits and a hutch, his property. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARK</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-100-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-100-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-100-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18911214 t18911214-100-punishment-18"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROOKHOUSE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-100-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-100-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-100-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-100-18911214 t18911214-100-punishment-19"/>Eight Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911214-100-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-100-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-100-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-101">
<interp inst="t18911214-101" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-101" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-101-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18911214 t18911214-101-offence-1 t18911214-101-verdict-1"/>
<p>101.
<persName id="def1-101-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-101-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18911214" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18911214" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18911214" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES MARSH</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-101-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-101-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-101-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering an order for £5 15s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MACKENZIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-84" type="surname" value="DUDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-84" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DUDLEY</persName> </hi>. I have known the prisoner four years—on 18th November he came to me and said, I am expecting a cheque from the country for some work I have done"—he came with me from the fire at Bethnal Green to my shop, and said, "Can you get us this cheque changed?"—he left me for half-an-hour, and then he left and came back with the cheque, and asked me if I could get it changed; I said I could not, but my wife could, and he signed his name on the back and handed it to Mr. (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated November</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th, on the London and County Banking Company, for</hi> £5 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">payable to J. Marsh or order. Endorsed J. Marsh. William Dudley</hi>)—I said, "Is it all right?"—he said, "Yes, I received it for some work from Lowrie and Co."—I do not keep a banking account; my wife took it over to Mr. Dixon, the draper, and got the change, and I gave the prisoner the £5 15s.—the cheque was returned marked, "No account—I saw the prisoner in a public-house the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140020"/>
<p>following Tuesday; I called him out and said, "
<hi rend="italic">Jim</hi>, you know this cheque you got me to change; it has been returned, marked ‘No account'"—he said, "Why do not you take it somewhere else and change it?"—I said, "It is stamped all over it' No account,' so I can't"—he said, "Where does the man live? where is Peckham and where is Fulham?"—I said, "Fulham is out Hammersmith way and Peckham is over the water"—he said, "Oh, it must be Fulham, then"—I arranged to go with him next day to find the man Lowrie; he promised to do so, but never came.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> You gave me a false address, 73, Baker Street; you did not live there; you lodged at a coffee-shop—I said I would meet you on Wednesday; I waited till two o'clock, but you never came—I did not move away to avoid paying two quarters' water rate—I did move away last Saturday week.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He gave me the cheque at a public-house next door to my shop—I have known him four years as making butlers' trays and trussels—he had a workshop opposite where I live, for twelve months—he endorsed it in my presence—this "J. Marsh" is his writing—I am not certain whether I went to No. 63 or 73, but I can prove he lived at a coffee-shop, and not at the address he gave.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-85" type="surname" value="PERREN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-85" type="given" value="JAMES EDWARD"/>JAMES EDWARD PERREN</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the London and County Bank, Shoreditch—H. Lowrie and Co. have not an account there—this cheque was sent there—it has been taken from the book of Dean and Whitfield, who had 100 cheques to order on April 11, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-86" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-86" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DEAN</persName> </hi>. I carry on business at 20, Dunstan Street—this cheque is one of seventy-two stolen on 17th May, when there was a burglary at my house—the counterfoils were lost at the same time—there is none of my writing in it—I did not authorise anybody to draw it—I do not know Lowrie and Co.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-87" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-87" type="given" value="ELY"/>ELY PORTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant H</hi>). On November 19th I saw the prisoner in the Bull and Mouth, High Street, Shoreditch—I said, "I am a police officer, and have a warrant for your arrest"—I read it to him—he said, "I thought Dudley might have given me a chance"—he was charged with unlawfully obtaining £5 15s., not with forgery.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not say, "He promised to wait till Satur
<lb/>day," or "I took the cheque from a man in Curtain Road for some work.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-88" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-88" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MARSH</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's son, and am 15 years old—I work at a cabinet maker's—I was with the prisoner when he sold some butlers' trays to a man who stopped us in Curtain Road—he gave my father this cheque—my father gave him a post-card, and he went into the Blue Lion—this was on a Thursday in last month—I went to Mr. Dudley on Thursday, and said, "Wait till Saturday, and father will give you the money"—he said, "No; I will put it in the hands of the police."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was between twelve and one o'clock when we met the man who gave my father the cheque—I work at 75, Virginia Road, Shoreditch—we went out with the work on a'
<hi rend="italic">bus</hi>, and the man stopped us and asked what we had, and we said some butlers' trays—there were twelve sets—there are three to a set—our dinner-hour at the workshop is from one to two; but I was working with my father at that time—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140021"/>
<p>read the cheque—the price of the butlers' trays was ten shillings a set—I do not know the man's name; I have seen him before; I have not seen him to-day—I do not know where he lives—he put the trays in a van—I did not see any name on it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I sold the trays and got the cheque for them. I have been in business sixteen years, and have taken cheques, and never had such a thing happen before, and if he had waited till Saturday I should have paid him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-101-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-101-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-101-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-102">
<interp inst="t18911214-102" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-102" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-102-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18911214 t18911214-102-offence-1 t18911214-102-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-102-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-102-18911214 t18911214-102-offence-1 t18911214-102-verdict-1"/>
<p>102.
<persName id="def1-102-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-102-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18911214" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18911214" type="surname" value="GANNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18911214" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES GANNER</hi> (28)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-102-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-102-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-102-18911214" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-102-18911214" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="def2-102-18911214" type="given" value="HENRY DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY DAVID REYNOLDS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-102-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-102-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-102-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18911214-102-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-102-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-102-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18911214-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-91" type="surname" value="LEGG"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-91" type="given" value="SIDNEY SEANARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-102-offence-1 t18911214-name-91"/>Sidney Seanard Legg</persName>, and stealing a watch and 35s., his property.</rs>—>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GANNER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-102-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-102-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-102-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18911214 t18911214-102-punishment-20"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-103">
<interp inst="t18911214-103" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-103" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-103-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18911214 t18911214-103-offence-1 t18911214-103-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-103-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-103-18911214 t18911214-103-offence-1 t18911214-103-verdict-2"/>
<p>103.
<persName id="def1-103-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-103-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18911214" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18911214" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18911214" type="given" value="HENRY DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY DAVID REYNOLDS</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted with
<persName id="def2-103-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-103-18911214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-103-18911214" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-103-18911214" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="def2-103-18911214" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SUSAN REYNOLDS</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-103-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-103-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-103-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> for unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t18911214-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-94" type="surname" value="NALDER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-94" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-103-offence-1 t18911214-name-94"/>Richard Nalder</persName> and
<persName id="t18911214-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-95" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-95" type="surname" value="NALDER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-95" type="given" value="BEATRICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-103-offence-1 t18911214-name-95"/>Beatrice Nalder</persName>, with intent to rob;
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, Causing them actual bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEPHENSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-96" type="surname" value="NALDER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-96" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD NALDER</persName> </hi>. I am a turncock in the service of the New River Company—on 14th November, a little after one a.m., I was six or seven yards from my street-door when the male prisoner came up and made a snatch at my chain—I then received a blow on the left side of my head over my ear, which knocked me down in the gateway—he kicked me on my face and under my arm—I called out, "He is off with my chain"—I had got my watch off the chain—my wife heard me, and came out, and the female prisoner got hold of her and put her hair round her wrist and kept her down—I do not know whether she threw her down—they both ran away, but were brought back, and I gave them in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by H.D. Reynolds.</hi> I did not see you and your wife get out of a cab—this was in Mr. Hill's gateway, six or seven yards from my house—the gate was not open—it was very dark when my shop was shut up—I did not know that you lived four doors from me—I did not press against your wife, nor did you say, "What did you do that for?"—when I was trying to get away from you we both went down together—it would want a tug to break the chain; it was found in the road—I missed it before you ran away—I had had a glass of ale—I believe you were on top of me in the road—I saw your back at the Police-court; you were smothered in mud—I do not remember fighting; I was trying to get away from you, and we fell together—I did not say, "Shake hands, I have done;" you did not stop for that, you both ran away, and I was so knocked about that I was glad to get indoors—I did not go to a doctor; there was not one at the Police-station—when you came back with the constable you said, "Do you accuse me of attempting to steal your chain?" and I said, "Yes"—you said that you had got a silver watch of your own—you punched me with a ring which was on your little finger.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Susan Reynolds.</hi> I never saw a cab there—you did not say," Who are you pushing against?" nor did I say, "You, if you like"; I did not say I am ready for you—my wife came over to my assistance, but she did not get you by the hair; you got her by her hair and got her down, and would not let her get up—I did not say to her, "Go on, Beat, hit her under."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. My chain was fastened through the buttonhole, but I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140022"/>
<p>took the watch off as I came along Gray's Inn Road—the male prisoner struck the first blow.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-97" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-97" type="surname" value="NALDER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-97" type="given" value="BEATRICE"/>BEATRICE NALDER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—on November 14th, about one a.m., I was sitting in the shop and heard him say, "They are after my chain"—I went out, and he had been knocked down—the female prisoner knocked me down, and pulled me by my hair, and bit all my fingers, and I had a shocking bad eye—I did not speak to her when I went out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by H. Reynolds.</hi> I did not separate you and my husband; I went to pick him up—I did not see you and my husband wrestling on the ground, because I was engaged with her—she jumped on me when I was down; when you kicked my husband she got hold of my hair and pulled me down—I was sober, I am a tee
<lb/>totaler—I did not see my husband shake hands with you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Susan Reynolds</hi>, My husband did not say, "Go on, pay her, Beat"—I did not take off one of my boots to strike you with it—I had my husband's slippers on—I did not take off whatever I had on and say, "I will tear you up."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-98" type="surname" value="DUNKLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-98" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DUNKLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a cab-driver, of Storey Street, Islington—on November 14th, a little after one o'clock, I was coming over Battle Bridge and heard a female screaming—I jumped off my cab, went round a corner, and saw the female prisoner holding the prosecutrix by her hair, and dragging her along the ground and thumping her—I also saw the male prisoner punching the prosecutor, and after that they both set on the man, punching him—I told the female prisoner I thought she had done quite enough for the prosecutrix, and told the male prisoner he had done enough for the prosecutor—I took my horse out of the cab and came round again, and the prosecutor said he had lost his chain—I went up Caledonian Road and saw the two prisoners, and told a sergeant, who took them in custody; that was half a mile from where it took place, and quarter of an hour afterwards—I had no fare, I was going to put my horse up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by H. Reynolds.</hi> You and the prosecutor were not fight
<lb/>ing when I saw you; but you were knocking him about right and left—I had not got a big stick; I never carry one—you told me you had got two or three watches and chains, and I said I had got none—you walked by the prisoner's side; he had not hold of you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Susan Reynolds.</hi> I was not there at the first; I did not see your husband on the ground—I saw mud on his back; that is why I knew him in Caledonian Road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-99" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-99" type="surname" value="LAYERS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-99" type="given" value="SARAH JACKSON"/>SARAH JACKSON LAYERS</persName> </hi>. I am single, and live on my property a Wharf dale Road, Islington—early in the morning of November 14th I heard screams of murder and police, in a female voice, and went across the road and saw the female prisoner dragging the prosecutrix on the ground by her hair—the male prisoner was kicking the prosecutor on the ground—there were three men, but the other two ran away—the female prisoner was kicking the other woman, who put her hands up to protect her eyes, and she bit her fingers, and she said, "Help me, they have stolen my husband's chain"—the cabman came up, and I asked him to go for a policeman, as I had left my front door open—when the prosecutor went into his house the prisoner ran away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by H. Reynolds.</hi> I said at the Police-court, "At first I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140023"/>
<p>thought it was a family quarrel, and I did not interfere"—there are six public-houses in Wharfdale Road—the female prisoner is not your wife; Mrs. White ought to be here—the prosecutor had not the chance to fight; you got him on the ground—I could not interfere, being a female—I saw no fighting, but I saw you kicking; it is not the first time you have been where you are—I was there five or six minutes before I interfered, and then the female asked me for help—I did not see the prosecutor shake hands with you; you did not give him a chance, you ran too fast; the cabman had to take a Hansom to bring you back—I did not see the prosecutor pulling you off the ground—she was pulled along the ground five or six yards by the female prisoner, with two hands, and her hair round each wrist, and then she used her teeth—the prose
<lb/>cutor was bleeding from his mouth, and was smothered in blood, and the woman's dress was torn.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Susan Reynolds</hi>, I was not there at the commence
<lb/>ment—neither of you were on the ground.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-100" type="surname" value="ENGLISH"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-100" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY ENGLISH</persName> </hi> (138
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). I was on duty—the last witness spoke to me, and I took the male prisoner, and charged him with snatching the prosecutor's chain and assaulting him—he made no reply, but on the way to the station he said that the prosecutor pushed up against his wife, and insulted her, and that led to a free fight—the prosecutor was intoxi
<lb/>cated; his wife was quite sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by H. Reynolds.</hi> The prosecutor gave you in charge for attempting to steal a chain, but at the station the Inspector said, "You can only five him in charge for assault"—you had on you £3 10s. in gold, 6s. in silver, a silver watch and chain, and two gold rings—your back was smothered in mud—you said, "The prosecutor knocked up against my wife, and it has come to a fight."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prosecutor's face was bruised, and he was bleeding from the mouth, which he said was from the violence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-101" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-101" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HILL</persName> </hi> (468
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). I took the female prisoner, and told her she would be charged with assaulting a woman—on the way to the station she said, "The woman shoved me about, and I took her in self-defence"—there was no mud on her dress.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-102" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-102" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MCCARTHY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). After the prisoners were taken to the station I went to the road where this is said to have taken place, and picked up this silver watch-chain (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) in two pieces, which the prosecutor identified.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by H. Reynolds.</hi> A cabman came up to me—there is a coffee-stall some distance up the road—I met you close to Caledonian Road Bridge, and said, "Have you been in Wharfdale Road, and did you have a quarrel with anybody?"—you said, "Yes, a man knocked up against my wife; I asked him what he meant by that, and we had a fight"—you also said, "I have got a watch and chain of my own"—it is a hundred yards from Caledonian Road to Wharfdale Road—I did not take you in custody; I walked with you to the prosecutor's house, and you said, "Do you accuse me of taking your chain?"—we then went to the station, and English took you in custody—I said, "You will be charged with assault"; not for attempting to steal his chain—he was drunk—your back was smothered in mud.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Henry Reynolds' defence.</hi> Is it possible that I should attempt to steal such a paltry bit of chain, and stop so long fighting with him, and go to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140024"/>
<p>Caledonian Road and have a cup of coffee with my wife, and come back to the same spot a quarter of an hour afterwards with £3 10s. in my pocket and a watch and two gold rings? My wife has done nothing more than any woman would do in self-defence, when she saw her husband being pitched into.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">H.D. REYNOLDS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-103-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-103-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-103-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of burglary at this Court on September</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1889,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of
<persName id="t18911214-name-103">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-103" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-103" type="given" value="HENRY DAVID"/>Henry David Scott</persName>.—
<rs id="t18911214-103-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-103-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-103-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18911214 t18911214-103-punishment-21"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SUSAN REYNOLDS</hi>
<rs id="t18911214-103-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-103-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-103-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Second Count.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-103-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-103-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-103-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-103-18911214 t18911214-103-punishment-22"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-104">
<interp inst="t18911214-104" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-104" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-104-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-104-18911214 t18911214-104-offence-1 t18911214-104-verdict-1"/>
<p>104.
<persName id="def1-104-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-104-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18911214" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18911214" type="given" value="GRIFFITH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRIFFITH JONES</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911214-104-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-104-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-104-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining 18s. and other sums, by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. C.F. GILL, A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROWLAND HILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THORNE COLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-105" type="surname" value="COUCHMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-105" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COUCHMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant Y</hi>). On November 23rd I saw the prisoner in York Road, and said, "Good morning, Mr. Rymill"—he said, "Good morning"—I was in plain clothes—I said, "Is your office over on the other side, No. 222?" he said, "Yes"—I said, "Well, I am a sergeant of police, and have got a warrant for your arrest; I shall have to convey you to Upper Holloway Police-station"; I read the warrant to him as we went along, it was for obtaining 18s. by false pretences, with intent to defraud—he said, "Why do not you leave it till to-morrow? I will meet you anywhere; I am well known to all the police at the Caledonian Road station for years"—I took him to Upper Holloway Police-station, where he was charged—while I was searching him a gentleman came in and the prisoner said to him, "Remember, I am Jones, not Rymill"—he said nothing to the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> York Road is commonly called Maiden Lane, that is the road from King's Cross to the Cattle Market—the large coal depots of the London and North-Western Railway are on the left—the prisoner was brought before Mr. Corser the next morning, and admitted: to bail—"Rymill and Co.," in black letters on a white ground, is over No. 202—my station is at Upper Holloway; we have no official connection with the Caledonian station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-106" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-106" type="given" value="RACHEL"/>RACHEL JONES</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Jones, a tobacconist and newsagent, of 252, York Road—I have known the prisoner about fifteen years, first as Jones and then as Rymill—I did not know his Christian name—about four or five years ago he made an arrangement for letters to be received at our place in the name of Rymill, which we have done down to six or seven weeks ago—sometimes twenty letters came in a day, and sometimes not so many—he sometimes came for them three times a day—I know that they referred to coal—no other Jones came for letters, and I did not see anyone as Rymill—I am no relation of his—he paid me 3s. 6d. a week for receiving the letters—I never saw any of Rymill's vans.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> A great many other people have sold coal in the vicinity for many years—it is a common custom for coal merchants to have addresses, just as the prisoner did with me; tens of thousands of tons of coal are sold in that way under the knowledge of the railway company—that was his business place for four years.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140025"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I thought his yard was on the wharf on the other side—I never went there—we did not buy coal of him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-107" type="surname" value="KIRBY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-107" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS KIRBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I am caretaker at 54, Brook Street Bond Street—I saw an advertisement in September in the
<hi rend="italic">People</hi> of the, New Main Wallsend coal, the talk of London"—I took steps to get some, and on October 6th a ton was delivered at my house—this is the delivery note, and the receipt for 18s. is in the name of Rymill and Co.—I tried to burn the coal, but it broke into pieces and blew the fire out on the hearth; it was impossible to burn it—this is a fair sample of it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>); some has been in the fire and some not—about half of it was taken away by the dustman at my request.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have got some of the coal here unburnt, and this is a piece which has been burnt—it is over two months since I purchased it, but I have made no complaint to Rymill and Co, about them, nor to my superior officer at the Police-station—I have had other coal in since from Inmans; I got it in the early part of this month—I gave 18s. a ton for it—when this specimen was taken, a little more than half a ton was left, which was put into a dustbin in the coal cellar and removed by the dustman—I do not find fault with the weight at all—I was there when it was delivered, and Madam Argentens paid for it, and I did not look at it till it was in the cellar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I put the coal into the dustbin—the people upstairs told me to get rid of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-108" type="surname" value="BANKS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-108" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA BANKS</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, of 58, Fort Road, Grange Road, Bermondsey—on 18th October, I saw an advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">People</hi>; similar to this—my son answered it, and ordered a ton of coal, which I received on the 20th, a few pounds overweight—the carman gave me this paper, which was signed—I paid 18s. 6d. to the carman—I tried to burn the coals; they lit, and then went out; they only burned for about five minutes; just flared up and then went out; we put more on, and lit them again—the sulphur was dreadful, and I think they are bricks, tiles, and all sorts of rubbish—they only make a fire for about five minutes—I tried to cook with them, and could not cook a good dinner on Sunday, but in the week I could, with very great patience, by keeping on lighting it, and putting fresh on, and stirring it up—these are some of them; I have made a fowls' run with the rest; these have been through the fire—a few days after I received them I took a sample up to Messrs. Rymill and Co., in the King's Cross Road, and left them with an old gentleman—I went to a small office in the large yard, and then to a smaller place—I got the address from the
<hi rend="italic">People</hi>; it was not the same number as that on the delivery bill—I never heard anything from them—I wrote two letters, as well as taking the sample, but got no answer—I" showed the stuff in my coal-cellar to a gentleman who called last Satur
<lb/>day evening.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> All of this but one piece has passed through the fire—I said at the Police-court that I had half a ton left—I had been burning them in the way I have described up to that time—I have not got that half ton still—I had overweight.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-109" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-109" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-109" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>AMELIA MARSH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Robert Marsh, a painter, of 47, Golddigging Street—on 18th October I saw this advertisement in
<hi rend="italic">Lloyd's Newspaper.</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">This was in similar terms to that in the previous eases</hi>)—I spoke to my husband, and my nephew wrote to the address, and on 22nd</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140026"/>
<p>October half a ton of coal was delivered, with this delivery note—I tried to burn the coal, it would not keep alight; I put wood in all day long, between and on top—it cracked and flew about the room directly it got hot; one piece hit me on the arm; I could not get it to burn, and what fire I got was with the wood—this is a sample of it, some that has been treated with the wood and some that has not been burnt; I have two boxes full of the slates that I have taken from the fire—I have got coals off the trolleys that went by at 1s. 3d. a hundredweight ever since, and I tried to burn these coals from Rymill with them when I had a good fire, but I had to keep raking the smoulders away; the top part, Rymill's coals, smouldered to white ash, and left these pieces of slate, the same as I have in the boxes—we have a lot of Rymill's coals left in the cellar now; I gave up trying to burn them, and burnt the coal from the trolleys—I showed the coals in my cellar to a gentlemen who called last night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am paying 1s. 3d. a hundredweight for coal from the trolleys; that is at the rate of 25s. a ton—I have a good lot of Rymill's coal left in the cellar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-110" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-110" type="given" value="HARRIET ELIZABETH"/>HARRIET ELIZABETH REYNOLDS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Reynolds, compositor, of 87, Chatham Street, Walworth—I saw an advertisement like this about coals in
<hi rend="italic">Lloyd's Newspaper</hi> for several weeks—my hus
<lb/>band wrote to the address on Monday morning, 16th November, and about 5.10 on the same evening I saw the coals delivered; this delivery note was given to me—I paid 18s., and gave the carman fourpence—I thought I had got coal, but I found I had got rubbish—I tried from Monday till Thursday to burn it—my husband had to have two bundles of wood to boil water for his breakfast; the coals would light up, glimmer round, and then go out—I shovelled up these samples from the fireplace; three of the pieces have been in the fire, and there is this dust—all the coal is similar to this; I have got it nearly all in the cellar; some is a little better than the rest—I went to 252, York Road, King's Cross, to try and find the prisoner, and I saw a young lady, whe said he did not live there; he only came there to receive letters; I did not see the prisoner—it was a private window, with "Rymill and Co." on the blind—I made inquiries, but could not find Rymill; I did not go to any other address—I have been buying coal of Mr. Garner since—I have a close range, with which I had had no difficulty before; it will burn almost anything, but it will not burn these coals.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have only brought one piece that has not passed through the fire—I have nearly 18 cwt. left; I threw two or three pailfuls away the first three days; I tried to burn it—the coals I bought from Garner were from a trolley—I pay Is, 3d. a cwt. for them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-111" type="surname" value="PENNY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-111" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE PENNY</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Henry Penny, a commercial traveller, of 22, Petherton Road, Finsbury Park—on 14th November I saw an advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Telegraph</hi> giving an address at 202, York Road, King's Cross. (
<hi rend="italic">This advertisement was in the same terms as before</hi>)—my husband wrote to that address, and on 16th November I was present when a ton of something was delivered—this bill was presented, and I paid 18s.—I thought I was getting good coal, the same as was advertised—I tried to light it the same day in the dining-room; it burns for a little while and then goes quite dead, and leaves these lumps of slate—next day I tried it in the kitchen, but it was worse, if anything,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140027"/>
<p>than before—then I tried it in the dining-room again in the evening, and we had to go to bed early because we could get no fire, and it was so cold—on Wednesday we had no fire, and I got some in from the greengrocer's, and afterwards from the Darfield Main—I used a gas-stove for cooking—these are samples of Rymill's coal; it is in my cellar still; I have not touched it since—last Saturday two men connected with Rymill, I believe, came and looked at the coal—my husband wrote to Mr. Rymill on the Tuesday night, and on the Thursday I went to King's Cross and walked up York Road to find him; I was going to 252, the number on my bill, but I saw "Rymill" on the window of 202, and knocked at the door, but no one opened it—I went to 252 and found it was a sweetstuff shop, and I did not find him—on Friday, 20th, I went to the Police-court and a warrant was granted—after that we received this letter, dated 23rd November. (
<hi rend="italic">This apologised for not previously replying; regretted that the wrong coal should have been delivered, owing to the loaders error, and expressed willingness to take it back, refund the amount paid, and allow any reasonable com
<lb/>pensation for expenses that might have been caused. It was signed, "Rymill and Co."</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The coal were brought to me about 10.30 a.m. in ten sacks; it was the first purchase I had made from Rymill and Co.—I counted the sacks, but I did not look at the coals; they were put in the cellar—at 4.30 I lighted the dining-room fire with them—I have all of the coals left now but about three pailfuls—we took these pieces from the top of the front of the coal, we did not move it; I did not tell him which pieces to pick out—I do not know that that is a piece of
<hi rend="italic">sigillaria</hi>; there is a great deal of it in the ton—this piece has been passed through the fire—I said at the Police-court I could not find Rymill; I did not, to my knowledge, tell them there that I saw the name "Rymill and Co. order office"—I swore an information—the prisoner may have carried on business for a great many years as a coal merchant—I took the Magistrate's advice and got a warrant—the prisoner was arrested that afternoon, and next day the Magistrate admitted him to bail after he heard the case—when the two gentlemen came to my house they saw nearly the whole of the ton—they asked for specimens; I refused to let them have any, because I was not told to do so—I did not know they had got specimens from other people; if I had known that they should have had some from me—I have no reason to doubt that I had the proper and true weight—I said at the Police-court that the best coal might be at 27s. a ton; I do not know the price—I expected to get good Wallsend coals for 18s., as advertised—I said at the Police-court that I expected to get the best coal for 18s.—I did not try to bum these coals with any others—I said at the Police-court they must be burnt by themselves—I have been paying at the rate of 22s. a ton for the coals, which I have been buying by the cwt., ever since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had been burning a very good coal at 19s.—I never told the Magistrate there was no such person as Mr. Rymill; I said I could not find him—I did not think the persons who called ought to take the coal away, as we heard in Court they were to be allowed to look at the coal, but not to take it away—they said they came from the de
<lb/>fendant—this is a fair sample, there is plenty of it there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-112" type="surname" value="PENNY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-112" type="given" value="HENRY PERCIVAL"/>HENRY PERCIVAL PENNY</persName> </hi>. I am a commercial traveller, living at 22,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140028"/>
<p>Petherton Road, Upper Holloway—we tried to burn the stuff we received from Rymill, but we could not do it; it was not of the slightest use for the purpose of making a fire—I wrote to Mr. Rymill, but got no answer till the evening of the day the prisoner was arrested, after his arrest—I was present when these samples were collected—we merely took them out as they were to produce a fair sample, and this is a very fair sample I should say.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-113" type="surname" value="MARYON"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-113" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MARYON</persName> </hi>. I keep the Red Lion public-house, Eldon Street, Finsbury—on 14th November I saw this advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Telegraph</hi>—I answered it on the Friday or Saturday, and a ton of coal was delivered on Monday, 16th November, I think; this delivery note was given to me—I paid 18s.—I tried to burn the coal more than once, but it was impossible; it was continually going out—this is a sample of it taken from a scuttle which the barman brought from the cellar—for about eighteen months before we had been burning a gas stove and had had no coal in—these two pieces have been burnt—I have very little of it left; my house has been under alterations for the last two months, and we have had a quantity of wood, and we have burnt this coal as well as we could with the wood and small quantities of coal which I have had fn by the hundredweight—a week or ten days ago two gentlemen came; I was not at home, and they were not admitted, and a day or two ago they came again, and asked me if I had any objection to their taking samples; I said no—they took a lump with them—I did not see the samples they selected.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I could not say when I was examined at the Policecourt on 1st December how much I had in the cellar—I have some dust left, very little—I have burnt it as I have described—it was Haywood and Toms who came on Saturday and took the sample—they pointed to a fire and asked if they were the coals; some portion of it was—I did not say, "They burn very well when mixed"—I said, "There is some portion of it coal," and within half-an-hour all of it went out—the very best coals would now be about 27s. a ton possibly, and 18s. or 19s. for kitchen coals.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> With the assistance of wood and other coal you could keep this coal alight, with a person continually at it raking it and getting out these coals and applying some more—I did not institute this prosecu
<lb/>tion, but I made a complaint.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-114" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-114" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD PRICE</persName> </hi>. I am superintendent of the supply of coal to all Government offices; I come from H. M. Office of Works—I have had thirty years' experience in reference to coal—I have examined the samples in this case—of this sample, TK 3, this piece is coal; all the rest is impure matter which is found in coal; this consists of shaly seams, and is commonly called slate; and these contain stones and pyrites; they are found in a very large number of coals, but they vary in proportion; some coals have very little, others have much—the shale is slightly combustible; you can extract bitumen and paraffin from it; it is not coal—of MB 2 this piece has been through the fire—there is a small piece of coal here, but that is veined with impure matter; all this is shale and slate—it is not possible to make a fire of this in an ordinary grate; you could ignite the pieces of coal if you had sufficient wood, but you could not maintain a fire—AM 3 is all shale, there is no coal in it; this is a piece of stony</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140029"/>
<p>metallic matter, which would explode under heat and fly about the room; it is dangerous—D is shale; there is no coal in it—in E there is coal mixed with some impurities, shale and stone; it would burn, but it is inferior coal—this is a piece of coal, the other lumps are not what is known in the trade as coal—there is some coal in C; it would burn, but not very readily; it is a mixture of coal and impure reins which run through it—an ordinary house fire could not be sustained with this—in
<hi rend="largeCaps">JM</hi> 2 there is no coal, only slate and stone; but there is a very thin layer of coal on one piece—I went to Mr. Maryon's house yesterday; they showed me the coal in the cellar; very little was left, some dust—I could not form an opinion—I went to Mr. Penny's, where I was shown the coal in the cellar; there was coal, but it contained an excessive quantity of impure matter; in fact, I have never seen such impure coal; and I can understand that it would be quite impossible to maintain a fire in an ordinary grate, though there are some pieces of coal that would burn—no doubt you could light a fire; it would be like burning an inferior coal—I think these pieces represent most fairly the defects—the shale in this sample is rather in excess of what it was in Mrs. Penny's cellar—what I saw in the cellar is what is understood in the trade as coal; it all comes out of a coal mine—apparently it is sold as coal, but I have never seen any so bad before—I cannot say that this coal is sold in the trade, because I have never seen it—there is no evidence that it is sold generally in the trade; I don't know of it—it could not be used for burning in private houses—I suppose you could not buy the best Wallsend for less than 25s. now—it might be as low as 25s. in the summer—a coal at 18s. is fit for the purposes for which it is sold—I also went to Mrs. Marsh's, and was shown two or three hundredweight; the residue was very little besides refuse, shale and stone—on the top of a coal seam there would he veins of shaly matter with coal running through it—it is very inferior coal, because it contains so much impure matter—through coal itself there are veins of impure matter, and it is the custom to throw out this impure matter and separate it; in this case it has not been separated, and it is largely in excess and becomes useless for household purposes—a man having been many years in the coal trade would know what this was, and that it is useless for the purpose of making a fire; it is the custom to throw it out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Coal frequently extends over fifty or sixty feet, interstratified with sandstone and shale—it would cost between 7s. and 8s. 6d. per ton to bring coals up to the North-Western wharves from the coal districts—I did think you could not get any coal at the pit's mouth under 4s. a ton—it costs about 2s. 6d. to 3s. to take a ton of coal from the wharf to a private house—this lump of sigillaria is not a specimen of all the ton of coals Mrs. Penny got; I consider she has made a selection of what she calls the defect in the coal.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I spoke of 4s. a ton at the pit's mouth, I meant for coal—I don't suggest that 4s. was paid for these at the pit's mouth—people are allowed to cart this away if they will take it; it is of no use for household purposes, but it is of use in ironworks for smelting—in the condition in which this is it would not be worth more than 2s. a ton at the pit's mouth.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THORNE COLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that there was no case to go to the Jury. The prisoner was charged with obtaining money by the false pretences</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140030"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">that he had delivered good merchantable and combustible coal; and as the various witnesses had received a marketable commodity, all that he had been guilty of was exaggeration of its value, which was not a false pretence. R. v. Lee</hi> (8
<hi rend="italic"> Cox, C.C.</hi>, 233);
<hi rend="italic">R. v. Lee</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">L. & C.</hi> 418);
<hi rend="italic">R. v. Pratt</hi> (8
<hi rend="italic">Cox, C.C.</hi>, 334);
<hi rend="italic">Q. v. Roebuck</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Dearsley and Bell</hi>, 24);
<hi rend="italic">Reg. v. Bryan</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Dearsley and Bell</hi>, 265).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">contended that the false pretences laid in the indictment being that the defendant had delivered a ton of good coal, whereas according to the evidence he had delivered a mixture composed of mineral substances other than coal, but containing a small proportion of real coal, it was for the Jury to say whether the alleged false pretences were made out. R. v. Foster</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">L. R.</hi>, 2
<hi rend="italic">Q.B.D.</hi>, 301);
<hi rend="italic">R. v. Suter</hi> (10
<hi rend="italic">Cox, C.C.</hi>, 577);
<hi rend="italic">R. v. Kerrigan</hi> (L.
<hi rend="italic">and C.</hi>, 383).
<hi rend="italic">A false representation respecting an alleged matter of definite fact, knowingly made, though with regard to quality, was sufficient to constitute a false pretence within the statute.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">having consulted with the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">ruled that the case must go to the Jury.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-115" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-115" type="given" value="CLIFFORD"/>CLIFFORD HAYWARD</persName> </hi>. I live at 34, Erdley Road, Camberwell, and am a coal merchant—friends of the prisoner have called on me to examine, as a coal merchant, certain coals supplied by the prisoner, who is un
<lb/>known to me—on Saturday last I called on Mrs. Penny, at 1.40, and told her I called to see the coal; she told me it was inconvenient, and did not allow me to see it—I returned in about half-hour and saw the coal; there was about 18 cwt. in the cellar; I asked Mrs. Penny to let me take a sample; she consulted her husband, and they declined—I should say it would be a fair coal to deliver at 18s. a ton, taking the Working expenses into account, and so on—I know the coal trade in London well—the cheapest coal at the pit's mouth would be 3s. or 4s.; the railway rate would be 7s. to 8s.; the railway wagon would be 9d., the loading 8d., and the cartage to any place in London 2s. 6d. to 3s.—office expenses and advertising would be reasonable at about 1s. 1d. a ton—I should say the prisoner could make 1s. 5d. to 1s. 8d. a ton, a very slow fortune-making business—the expense of bringing coal from the collieries is according to mileage and weight—Wallsend coal has been extinct for years, and it has become a trade term now—there is no colliery called Wallsend; New "Wallsend does not mean anything; it is a trade term—Mrs. Penny refused to allow me to take any coals—I went with Mr. Toms, a coal
<lb/>dealer, to the Red Lion about 3.30 or 3.45—we saw two or three hundredweight of the coal left in the cellar; it was very small, and we took away this sample—the word Wallsend conveys the meaning that it is the best coal; it is used by all coal merchants—I got this piece from Mr. Maryon's cellar; there was about one sack and a half at the bottom, and we raked this up; he made no difficulty, but was very courteous—I pointed to a fire, and asked whether those were the same coals burning there, and he said yes; that they burnt very well when mixed—I should say the coal we saw at Mr. Maryon's would be a very good coal to deliver at 18s. a ton, taking working expenses into account—the same day I called at Mrs. Banks' about four o'clock, and saw the four or five hundredweight she had left, and took a sample; it was very fair coal for the price—the quoted price for the very best coals in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140031"/>
<p>market is now 26s. per ton—afterwards I went to Mrs. Reynolds, of 87, Chatham Street, and examined the coals, and took a sample; they would be a fairly good coal to deliver at 18s. a ton; I did not pick out this sample; most of the coal had been burnt—this coal produced by Mr. Kirby is very good coal at the price; I should call it tolerably good; it would burn—the coal in all these samples is merchantable and combustible—it would burn—I went to another place, where there was no coal left—I went to Mrs. Marsh, who had about 50lb. left—I took a sample; it is very good coal to burn; its appearance is against it; it is coal, not slate; it would bum on a fire, and would be fair coal to deliver at 18s., taking working expenses into account—these samples have not been out of my possession.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">H.E. REYNOLDS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>). The gentleman with Mr. Hayward took a piece of coal—not this piece, but a thick piece—Mr. Hay ward did not take any; only one piece was taken, and it was not this.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLE</hi>. I never had the piece in my hand, but I saw it—the other gentleman handed it to Mr. Hayward, and said it was a fair sample, and I gave him a piece of paper to put it in—it was between four and five o'clock; I took the lamp to the cellar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-116" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-116" type="given" value="CLIFFORD"/>CLIFFORD HAYWARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This is the piece of coal Mr. Toms took from the cellar and handed to me—I have had it in my custody ever since, I swear—it was taken from the paper I brought from the house—I did not see Mrs. Marsh, but her son or husband.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-117" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-117" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-117" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>AMELIA MARSH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>). I was not there when the samples were taken—I don't think this piece came from my cellar; the slatey pieces in my cellar are all large and thin—my husband is not here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-118" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-118" type="given" value="CLIFFORD"/>CLIFFORD HAYWARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>), There was not mcoh in Mrs. Marsh's cellar, only 50 lb.; we had to rake up this piece from the bottom.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-119" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-119" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD PRICE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>). This is not a fair sample of the coal I saw at Mrs. Marsh's; it is a favourable sample, a selection—I saw no coal to judge of at Mr. Maryon's, and cannot say if this is a fair sample of his; this is coal—I saw no piece so large as this there—I did not see Mrs. Banks's cellar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-120" type="surname" value="BANKS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-120" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA BANKS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>). Mr. Hayward did not take the coal, another gentleman did; he picked up one bit and said that was too heavy, and then took up another—I could not positively say if this was the piece; I do not think it was so large, because it was a small piece—I only saw one piece taken.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-121" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-121" type="given" value="CLIFFORD"/>CLIFFORD HAYWARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>). We took one piece each from Mrs. Banks's—I carry on business at my office in a private house at Camberwell Station—I have no wharf—I most decidedly say that what I saw in the cellars of the different people I called on will burn alone in the ordinary way as a good medium coal; I don't say it is the best coal—I have not seen it burn, but I have seen similar coal burn—I have not heard the evidence in the case—I should say if you tried it it would burn; I cannot say for how long—I should say it was a very fair ordinary burning coal; there would De no occasion to look after it all day, or to cook with a gas-stove because the coal was so inferior—"Wallsend" is used as a trade term for the best coal—I should</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140032"/>
<p>not call these the best burning coals the world produces—these would probably fetch 3s. 6d. a ton at the pit's mouth—I do not agree with Mr. Price that the major portion of what the witnesses had was composed of material other than coal—I don't think coal should burn like these pieces of Mrs. Banks's, but even in the best of coal you get slate like this—this, which has not been through the fire, is coal, but it is not a very favourable sample; it would burn, and might come out like this other piece; there might be a mixture of dross with it—I see no reason why this coal should not burn in the ordinary way—I don't know if the County Council know my address, I have never been troubled by them; I am not supposed to give them my address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> You get a little ash left from very best coal—this is the coal taken from the different persons; it has been in my charge—if it is insinuated that this is some other coal it is a wicked insinuation; I am here independently, with no prejudice or favour one side or the other.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-122" type="surname" value="TOMS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-122" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK TOMS</persName> </hi>. I have been in business as a coal merchant for twelve years, and live at 28, Dartmouth Park Hill, N. W.—I know the prisoner in business, but I am not a friend of his—I went on Satur
<lb/>day with Mr. Hayward to Mrs. Penny's, and saw the coal; a sample was refused; I should say it was a fair coal for 18s. a ton—I saw about three and a half hundredweight of dust and pieces of coal is Mr. Maryon's cellar—I picked up two pieces, which I gave to Mr. Hayward; they were a fair sample at 18s.—there was a good fire of coal burning there—at all the places I went to with Mr. Hayward I took up a piece of coal as it came, not picking out the best, and gave it to him—at Mr. Kirby's there was no coal—at Marsh's, Banks's, and Reynolds's I saw good coal for the money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> At some places I took two lumps—I know the prisoner in business, but I am not constantly in his company at wharves—I never did any business with him—I do not know that he has been convicted of selling short weight, or that he has had actions brought against him as to coal—I nave known him about fifteen years under the name of Rymill; I have not known him by the name of pickets and Co.—he had an office at 202, York Road, for about a month—I believe before that he had letters addressed to 252, York Road, a tobacconist's—I do not know B. Smith and Co.; I have heard there were many complaints of his selling coals of this description.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It is the custom for small coal dealers to have goods consigned to them to a railway wharf, and cart it from there to the customers; it is not necessary for a coal merchant to have a wharf of his own—sometimes large coal merchants carry on business in that way; they are bound to have coal consigned to them and carted away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses having been called to speak to the prisoner's good character</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">proposed to call rebutting evidence of general bad character.</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">R. v. Rowton, L. and C.</hi> 520).
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THORNE COLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected, and contended that general evidence of bad character could not be given to rebut evidence of good character.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COMMON SERJEANT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">after consulting</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE LORD CHIEF JUSTICE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">ruled that the evidence was admissible, but observed that neither in the experience of Lord Cockburn</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">R. v. Rowton</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">nor in that of the present Lord Chief Justice, nor in his own, had such evidence been given. This evidence was not given</hi>;
<hi rend="italic">but</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140033"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-123" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-123" type="given" value="JAMES FONTAIN"/>JAMES FONTAIN BAILEY</persName> </hi>. I am a coal officer of the London County Council—I was present at Lambeth Police-court early in last year when the prisoner was charged with short weight, and a penalty of £5 was inflicted on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't know how much the weight was short.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18911214-104-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-104-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-104-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-104-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-104-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-104-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-104-18911214 t18911214-104-punishment-23"/>Six Week' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Lord Chief Justice Coleridge.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-105">
<interp inst="t18911214-105" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-105" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-105-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-105-18911214 t18911214-105-offence-1 t18911214-105-verdict-1"/>
<p>105.
<persName id="def1-105-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-105-18911214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18911214" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18911214" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18911214" type="given" value="MARY ELEANOR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ELEANOR WARD</hi> (21)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18911214-105-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-105-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-105-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for the man
<lb/>slaughter of
<persName id="t18911214-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-125" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-125" type="given" value="AGNES MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-105-offence-1 t18911214-name-125"/>Agnes Mary Ward</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-126" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-126" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Smith, of 21, Hamp
<lb/>shire Street—the prisoner came to lodge with me in December last year—she told me she was married—a man named Edwards used to come to visit her; he did not lire there altogether—she had one child when she came, about sixteen or seventeen months old—after she had been with me three months she was confined of a second child, a female—I saw it after it was born—I washed and dressed it when it was born; it was a strong child—the prisoner suckled it, and took care of it properly until about the middle of April—after that it was fed by bottle with con
<lb/>densed milk—after the middle of April it became ill—on one occasion I and the prisoner took the child to Dr. Mayberry, and he told us that it was fast sinking away into eternity—I asked the doctor if it was in a consump
<lb/>tion—he said, "No"—I think that was either in June or July—a bottle of medicine was supplied to her—she took that, but did not get any more—the child seemed a little better afterwards—it was constantly fretting and crying, and seemed to get worse—I told her more than once it was getting awfully thin—she said, "Mind your own business; it is nothing to you"—the prisoner did nothing for her Jiving while she was with me—she put some flowers on a dozen tobacco pouches—she did not stop at home all day—she would stop out frequently for hours at a time, leaving the children in the room—on one occasion she went out about eleven in the morning, and returned between four or five, without anyone to attend to the child—on another occasion she went out at seven in the evening, and returned at a quarter-past three in the morning; no one was attending to the child then—while the mother was away the child was frequently crying—I frequently went up to the room, and so did another lodger—I never found the bottle dirty, but nearly always empty—the child was left in a very dirty state; its lower part was all raw, and there was vermin about it—I spoke to the prisoner about it, and said she thought it was the thrush—on one occasion I saw the prisoner cross with the child, and she slapped its face and said, "If you cause me much more bother I shall throw you into the waterbutt"—on 22nd September the Relieving Officer, Mr. Wheatley, called—the prisoner went out that morning about eleven—she had not returned when Mr. Wheatley came—I took him in to see the child, and he gave me some money to buy some milk with; I did so; I gave some to the child, and I gave the prisoner the remainder when she came in—two days afterwards, on the 24th, Mr. Wheatley came again—the prisoner was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140034"/>
<p>not at home then, Mr. Wheatley left a note for her; I gave it her when she came in, and she crumpled it up and threw it in my face—after she had been in a few minutes two men came in, they stayed a little time; she said one was her brother, and the other a friend of her father's—after they had gone she put on her things and went out, leaving the child by itself—I went up to see to it, and I gave it some more broth, and I brought it downstairs and showed it to my husband—I took it to the workhouse at nine that evening—the prisoner paid me 2s. 6d. a week for her room.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> The doctor did not tell you in my presence that the child was in a consumption—I spoke to you about the child lots of times—you have never left the child at my request while I sent you to the pawnbrokers, you did not find vermin on my child—I might have told your father that you were always getting drunk—your father told me he never wished to see you more—I did not know that Edwards was a married man till about a week before he left me, when his wife came to me with three children and told me—he left me without money for three weeks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-127" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-127" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WARD</persName> </hi>. I live at 57, Cross Street, Islington, and am an agent of the Liverpool Victoria Legal Friendly Society; the prisoner is my daughter—in April last she spoke to me about insuring her baby, Agnes Mary Edwards, in my society, and on 30th May I effected an insurance on its life for thirty shillings, payable by a penny a week for three months, two pounds for six months, and so on up to five pounds for ten years—I cant say that I told my daughter I had insured it, she knew it of course (she did not pay me the penny a week, I paid it)—I think her mother told her about it; I don't know it of my own knowledge—I don't think she knew anything about it herself; after a time she did, not at the time it was done, perhaps a week or two afterwards—she asked me in April, and I effected the insurance in May.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mrs. Smith told me on the Monday that the baby was better; she took me up to see it, and I thought it looked a little better—I only saw its clothes on the outside—the house you lived in was in a very dirty state; in fact, it is condemned now; it is not a fit place for any child to live in—you had not money to keep the child with—my wife died last June, and since then I have not seen much of you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-128" type="surname" value="CRAMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-128" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY CRAMPTON</persName> </hi>. I am cashier in the Finsbury branch of the Liver
<lb/>pool Victoria Legal Friendly Society—this document is not what we call a proposal form, it is simply a requisition-sheet—it was presented to me by the last witness, and in the ordinary course an insurance was effected, and a policy issued in due course—this paper has on it other names besides that of Agnes Mary Edwards; it refers to policies issued in that week.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-129" type="surname" value="WHEATLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WHEATLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 77, Patshull Road, Kentish Town; I am Relieving Officer for that district of St. Pancras—on 22nd September my attention was called to this child by Mrs. Smith—I went to the room occupied by the prisoner at noon that day; I there found a child about two years old, and the child in question; it was lying partly naked at the toot of the bed, near the window, which was open—there was no food near it—the child was very dirty and very emaciated—I requested Mrs. Smith to tell the prisoner something, and on the 24th I called again; between the 22nd and 24th the prisoner came to my office—I offered</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140035"/>
<p>her an order in the workhouse for herself and her two children, which she declined, stating that Mr. Edwards would not allow her to go in—I then insisted on her seeing a doctor, and I gave her an order, and she saw the doctor the following morning, and he told her to see me so that she might be admitted—she did not see me that day, and on the 24th I went to the house and saw the child alone—it was just in the same position and in the same condition, the window being open—on that occasion I gave Mrs. Smith some money to buy milk—I went to the house again about eight in the evening; I found the child alone again, in the same place; the window was then shut—the prisoner was not there—on that evening I accompanied Mrs. Smith to the workhouse with the child.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mrs. Smith did not tell me that you had beaten your eldest child and threatened to throw it into the cistern—it was the baby—that was when you came home on the 24th, at five o'clock in the after
<lb/>noon, after I had been there; the child was not properly dressed when I called the second time—when you brought it to me it was properly dressed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-130" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-130" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY BENNETT</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George Bennett, a carman, and lodge at 21, Hampshire Street, where the prisoner lived—I went there about May this year, and was there four months—I saw a good deal of the prisoner's baby; it was very weak through lying a good deal in the bassinet or box at the foot of the bed; it used to make the mother too dirty to have it in bed; it was very thin—the prisoner had to leave it when she went out—she would go out early in the morning, and would hot be home till the evening—I used to pop in and look at the baby now and then on my own account—it used to cry dreadfully, it never seemed satisfied with all the food that was given—I used to give it food, and I have seen the mother do the same—have told her several times about the baby crying so, and she has said it would have to cry, she could not keep taking it up—I have seen it undressed, and have seen the mother wash it—it was rather sore—the prisoner said it was from the thrush—I did not see any vermin on the body; once I saw maggots, through lying in the wet—the mother used to put Fuller's earth on it, but it did not seem to do it any good.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You always told me that when you left your baby you left someone to look after it—you asked me to let one of my children go to if, after you and Mrs. Smith had had a quarrel—I have seen you fill the bottle many times and feed it—you sent for fourpennyworth of milk for it every day—I have seen you give it blood of beef and brandy and egg—I went with you once to Dr. May berry; I did not hear what passed—you have spoken to me about leaving your baby to go to the pawnbroker's for Mrs. Smith—on the Saturday before the baby was taken away Edwards left her without any money, and you borrowed 1s., which Mrs. Smith made you give to her—I did all I could for you; I have seven children of my own—the day Mrs. Edwards called Mrs. Smith told me she had fetched her—Mrs. Smith told me that she had had a child by another man—you have always done the best for your children; you were continually out with Mrs. Smith—you have on many occasions lent Mrs. Smith money—you were very kind to the elder child.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-131" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-131" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT ROBINSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 254). I received a warrant for the prisoner's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140036"/>
<p>arrest—I went to her room—I had to wait between three and four hours before I saw her—I read the warrant to her—she said, "I was never cruel to my child; I did the best I could with the money"—this was before the child was dead, while it was in the workhouse—the warrant charged her with neglecting and cruelly ill-treating it—at the station she said, "I admit neglecting the child, but I was never cruel to it"—I did not take a note of what she said—she said, "I admit neglecting to give my baby sufficient outdoor exercise for the last six weeks."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-132" type="surname" value="MAYBERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-132" type="given" value="HORACE MANSEL"/>HORACE MANSEL MAYBERRY</persName> </hi>. I am a registered medical practitioner—in the early summer the prisoner came to me at the Islington Dis
<lb/>pensary, bringing a young child from three to six weeks old—it was in a very thin and weak condition—I examined it carefully, to endeavour to find out what was the matter with it; I formed the opinion that it was suffering from tuberculosis, which, if it grew older, would develop into consumption—it was brought to me two or three times—I gave her full instructions about it—I told her she must give it proper milk, and if the child rejected it, to give it a different kind of milk and a little brandy; it was to have no solid food—it was reasonably clean—I said nothing to her about cleanliness, of course it is a very necessary thing—I saw the child several times afterwards—the last time might have been about-August.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You showed me once how raw it was; I said perhaps in a little time it might go away; I told you to give it nothing but milk and brandy—I told you at first the child would never get well.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-133" type="surname" value="DUNLOP"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-133" type="given" value="WALTER MACKINLOE"/>WALTER MACKINLOE DUNLOP</persName> </hi>. I am Resident Medical Officer of St. Pancras Workhouse—on 24th September the deceased child was admitted into the workhouse—I examined it; it was pale and emaciated and hungry—I weighed it, it weighed 7 lb. 4 oz.—the normal weight of such a child should have been about 14 1/2 lb.—I examined the body and limbs, they were vermin-bitten—the groins were abraded and inflamed in the sur
<lb/>rounding parts—that would be due to the want of cleanliness; it was suffering from cold in the eyes, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and bronchial tubes—while in the workhouse the child gained about six ounces in weight—it died on 15th October in convul
<lb/>sions—I made a post-mortem examination—the brain, heart, liver, kidney, spleen, and lungs were all in a normal healthy condition, except being rather bloodless, in an enaemic condition—the body was not well nourished; there was no fat about the body—the lining membranes of the stomach and intestines were in a state of chronic inflammation; the whole alimentary track and glands of the mesentery were enlarged—if the child had lived it would have been consumptive—the immediate cause of death was convulsions, brought on by the enaemic condition of the brain, result
<lb/>ing from chronic catarrh of the intestinal track—in my opinion it was the result of irregular and improper food, and exposure and want of proper clothing—I have no doubt that the child had a tuberculosis taint, which would no doubt have developed acute tubercular disease under any circumstances if it had lived—the convulsions were not due to tubercular disease, but in my opinion to the enaemic condition of the brain; there was want of power to assimilate food, on account of the peculiar condition of the intestines.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not think falling out of a perambulator would cause the injury to the brain.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140037"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There was inflammation of the mucous membrane of the intestinal canal—there are many causes for that—irregular nourish
<lb/>ment would be a cause—the child was a diseased child—there was a distinct lesion—the glands being enlarged would point to hereditary taint—it would probably have died of consumption at some time—it is my opinion that life was shortened by neglect; of course I can't say for certain; a child in that condition ought to have had the constant care of the mother or someone else—if that was withheld, the disease would take its course and the child would die, the latent disease would be
<lb/>come active—in the workhouse it had every care, and appeared to improve, and in six weeks gained six ounces—if convulsions had not come on it might have greatly improved; the convulsions came on quite unexpectedly—the child died in & suffocated condition; in the convulsion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I have done all I could for my baby. Whether my own illness had any ill-effect on the child, I can't say. In a good many things Mrs. Smith has not told the truth; it was partly through her that my child was neglected; she was always making me run about on errands for her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-105-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-105-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-105-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-106">
<interp inst="t18911214-106" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-106" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-106-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-106-18911214 t18911214-106-offence-1 t18911214-106-verdict-1"/>
<p>106.
<persName id="def1-106-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-106-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18911214" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18911214" type="surname" value="SLATER"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18911214" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SLATER</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-106-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-106-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-106-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Unlawfully attempting to ad
<lb/>minister to
<persName id="t18911214-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-135" type="surname" value="BOWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-135" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-106-offence-1 t18911214-name-135"/>Annie Bowden</persName> a certain poison likely to endanger life;
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, with intent to injure and annoy.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-136" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-136" type="surname" value="BOWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-136" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE BOWDEN</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Alcroft Road, Hampstead—I have known the prisoner about two years and a half—I was in the habit of meeting him and having drinks with him—on Monday, 26th October, about half-past one or two, I was with Emily Peachey near the King's Cross Metro-politan Railway Station—the prisoner came up and spoke to me, and asked me to have a drink, as he did not care to have one by himself; I took my friend with me to the Bell public-house, and ordered a glass of bitter for each, the prisoner had some whisky—he said, "You don't believe what I told you on Saturday?"—he then told me was going to poison himself on the Wednesday, as his brother had done before, put he bad to wait till he had taken leave of his lady, either at Epping Forest or Wimbledon—he took a bottle from his pocket and said, This is the poison I intend taking, will you have half of it?"—I said, "No, thanks"—he said there was quite sufficient in the bottle to kill fifty—he put it to his lips and said, "There, I am not afraid of it, you see, I will drink half of it if you will drink the other half"; he pretended to pull the cork out; I could not see whether he did or not—he attempted to put something into my glass, but I did not see it, he was between both of us; I did not drink the beer, I left it on the counter—I had some claret afterwards, he paid for it—he did not put anything into that—he put the bottle in his pocket—he then left and went to his brother's house in Caledonian Road; he could not get in, and went across the road to a public-house—he looked about the same as he does now, he seemed rather stupid; I never saw him any different—I met a policeman, and he was taken into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This occurred in the private bar of a public-house; my glass was standing on the counter—there was a barman behind the bar—he took out the bottle quite openly, and attempted to pour out some</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140038"/>
<p>stuff, I don't know whether he succeeded, the other woman said he did; she was standing on the other side—I did not say before the Magistrate that I did not believe he pulled the cork out—the only acquaintance I had with him was by having a drink with him—he has often given me money; he told me he had been in India, and that he had a sunstroke—I did not give him into custody, the other girl told the policeman—I did not think this was serious.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-106-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-106-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-106-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-107">
<interp inst="t18911214-107" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-107" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-107-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-107-18911214 t18911214-107-offence-1 t18911214-107-verdict-1"/>
<p>107.
<persName id="def1-107-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-107-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-107-18911214" type="surname" value="SWIFT"/>
<interp inst="def1-107-18911214" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SWIFT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911214-107-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-107-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-107-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, for the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18911214-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-138" type="surname" value="SAWYER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-138" type="given" value="OCTAVIUS MASON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-107-offence-1 t18911214-name-138"/>Octavius Mason Sawyer</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HAWTIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-139" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-139" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER RICHARD"/>CHRISTOPHER RICHARD GRIFFITHS</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">a surveyor, produced and proved plans of the place in question.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-140" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-140" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PERRY</persName> </hi>. I live at 202, Kingsland Road; I am an umbrella and walking-stick dresser—on 16th November, about eight in the evening, I was in Shoreditch High Street; I saw the prisoner and another man in a trap, going at a very fast pace towards the City—I was waiting for my wife, who had just gone into a shop, and as the trap passed me I turned round and saw a man knocked down by the horse; it was done in a moment—the trap went on a
<hi rend="italic">little</hi>; I saw it brought back—the prisoner was in it; he seemed dazed—I don't know which of the two men had been driving—I saw no more of the other man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-141" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-141" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-141" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE PERRY</persName> </hi>. I was with my husband on this night—I saw a gig with the prisoner and another man in it, and an old man, who was crossing the road, was knocked down on the tram line—the gig was going fast, but I have often seen them going as fast.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-142" type="surname" value="PARNACOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-142" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC PARNACOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 324). I saw the gig, with the prisoner and another man in it; the prisoner had the reins—the other man jumped out—I said to the prisoner, "Come back," and he immediately pulled back; ho was drunk—I sent a constable with the injured man to the doctor's, and took the prisoner to the station—I saw no more of the other man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-143" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-143" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HAMMOND</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor—I saw this accident happen—I saw the deceased cross the road in front of me; the trap, with two men in it, knocked him down, and the wheel went over him—one of the men jumped out of the trap and went away—the prisoner was driving; he went on for about twenty yards and stopped—I noticed him afterwards, and he was smothered in mud all over his clothes; he appeared to be drunk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw the reins in the prisoner's hands, the horse was in a tremendous sweat.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-144" type="surname" value="STANDING"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-144" type="given" value="ROBERT FRASER"/>ROBERT FRASER STANDING</persName> </hi>. I am House Surgeon at the Metropolitan Hospital, Kingsland Road—the deceased was brought there about half-past eight on the evening of the 16th November, very seriously injured—upon making a post-mortem I found that the lower part of the left lung had been cut in two, and many ribs were broken—he died in about twenty minutes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-145" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-145" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS HARRIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector G</hi>). I saw the prisoner when he was brought to the station—he was drunk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-146" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-146" type="given" value="FRANK HEWITT"/>FRANK HEWITT OLIVER</persName> </hi>. I am Divisional Surgeon—I saw the prisoner when brought to the station—he was intoxicated.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140039"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-147" type="surname" value="BARR"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-147" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BARR</persName> </hi>. The deceased was my father—his name was Octavius Mason Sawyer—I saw his body at the hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-107-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-107-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-107-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-108">
<interp inst="t18911214-108" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-108" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-108-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-108-18911214 t18911214-108-offence-1 t18911214-108-verdict-1"/>
<p>108.
<persName id="def1-108-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-108-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-108-18911214" type="surname" value="FELTHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-108-18911214" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE FELTHAM</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911214-108-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-108-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-108-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18911214-name-149" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-149" type="surname" value="FELTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-149" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-108-offence-1 t18911214-name-149"/>Eliza Feltham</persName>, with intent to murder;
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-150" type="surname" value="FELTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-150" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA FELTHAM</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife, and have been married to him about thirty-three years—I ceased to live with him about two years and a quarter—in November last I was living at 11, University Street, with my two daughters—on Tuesday night, the 17th November, my husband came there to have supper; my two daughters were with me at supper—after supper my husband said to me, "Has that fellow been here to-day?"—I said that it did not matter much to him—I knew to whom he referred, a man named Willett, who was in the habit of coming to see me there—I had left my husband, because I could not be happy with him; he was such a miserable, desponding man; it had nothing to do with Willett—when he put the question to me I did not answer him unkindly, because I was afraid he had come for a purpose—I saw a flash, and the shot went through my face—I did not fall—the shot took effect just above my eye; I became perfectly blind for the time, it has nearly taken the sight from one eye—I received a second shot in my neck—I was taken to the hospital, and was there three weeks—I am still an out-patient—the bullets were extracted at the hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I left my husband, about three years ago, there was no special quarrel—my husband was at work for Willett at that time; I did not leave him on account of Willett—I have received letters from Willett, signing himself Charley, and calling me dear Lizzie; he had known me seven years; my husband was in the habit of coming and having supper with me and my daughters, and always made him
<lb/>self very comfortable, but on one occasion previous to this he brought a revolver with him, and I found it out by taking hold of his overcoat-pocket—I received this letter from Willett on the 9th August, from Aix-la-Chapelle—I received a letter from him about every week—when my husband came on this evening he did not say he brought the pistol to protect himself against anyone that might come there; he certainly complained about Willett—there was not the slightest angry word before he fired.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-151" type="surname" value="FERRIER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-151" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>AMELIA FERRIER</persName> </hi>. The prisoner is my father—I am a widow, and was living with my mother at 11, University Street—on the 17th November I was having supper with my father, mother, and sister Matilda—after supper he said to my mother, "You have had that fellow here this morn
<lb/>ing"—she said, "I don't know what you are talking about—he got up to say good-night, as we thought, and then he presented the pistol to her head and fired two shots—I rushed towards him, and snatched the pistol from his hand—I cave it to the constable who was called in—I had not seen my father with a pistol before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw the pistol in his hand at the time the shots were fired—the first shot must have caused me to look round, and then I heard the second—I took the pistol from him at once; there was no struggle—I think he appeared astonished at what had happened.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140040"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-152" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-152" type="surname" value="FELTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-152" type="given" value="MATILDA"/>MATILDA FELTHAM</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's daughter—I was present when this happened—after supper father asked whether a man had been there that morning—mother said, "I don't know what you are talking about"—he then fired two shots—I did not know where he took the pistol from—my sister snatched it from him; I had never seen it in his possession before; I heard him say he had one; I never heard him saying what he was going to do with it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-153" type="surname" value="WELLER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-153" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL WELLER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">R</hi> 299). I was called to the house, and found the prosecutrix bleeding from wounds in the face; the prisoner was there—he appeared sober—one of the daughters handed me this pistol.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-154" type="surname" value="BASSETT"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-154" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BASSETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector G</hi>). I took the charge against the prisoner at the station for shooting his wife with intent to murder her—he said, "I had better say nothing; "then after a moment's hesitation he said, "I simply say I did not intend to murder her"—he was perfectly sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He bears the character of a quiet, inoffensive man amongst his associates—he has not done any work lately, owing to the strike in the building trade.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-155" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-155" type="given" value="GUY WALLACE"/>GUY WALLACE WOOD</persName> </hi>. I am House Surgeon at University College Hospital—on the 18th of November, about one in the morning, the prosecutrix was brought there by a policeman, suffering from two bullet wounds; one on the left cheek, just below the eye, the other in the middle of the neck—the bullets were removed the same evening—the result of the wound in the cheek was that, for a time, she lost her sight altogether—she has now recovered it—she was in the hospital three weeks—both wounds were in dangerous places.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18911214-108-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-108-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-108-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> on the
<hi rend="italic">Second Count.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-108-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-108-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-108-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-108-18911214 t18911214-108-punishment-24"/>Seven Years Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-109">
<interp inst="t18911214-109" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-109" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-109-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-109-18911214 t18911214-109-offence-1 t18911214-109-verdict-1"/>
<p>109.
<persName id="def1-109-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-109-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18911214" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18911214" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18911214" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY COLE</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-109-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-109-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-109-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-109-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-109-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-109-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully obtaining flannel and sheeting by false pretences.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-109-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-109-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-109-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-109-18911214 t18911214-109-punishment-25"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-110">
<interp inst="t18911214-110" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-110" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-110-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-110-18911214 t18911214-110-offence-1 t18911214-110-verdict-1"/>
<p>110.
<persName id="def1-110-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-110-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-110-18911214" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-110-18911214" type="surname" value="CATCHPOLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-110-18911214" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CATCHPOLE</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-110-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-110-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-110-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing a post-letter containing four orders for the payment of money, the property of
<persName id="t18911214-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-158" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-110-offence-1 t18911214-name-158"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUGUESON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JAKOE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-159" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-159" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Confidential Inquiry Department, General post Office—I was entrusted with the inquiry into the losses at the Rotherhithe Post-office—in consequence of instructions, I made up a post-letter, containing four postal orders, addressed to Mr. J. Godfrey, 138, Union Road, Rotherhithe, and posted it myself on November 20th, at 5.30 p.m., having given instruc
<lb/>tions to Inspector Hartley to look after it—I saw the prisoner brought by a constable to Jamaica Road, and said to him, "I posted a letter to-night addressed to Mr. J. Godfrey, 138, Union Road, Rotherhithe, London, S. E, containing four postal orders, two pieces of cloth, and a written communication; this letter was placed amongst yours and it cannot be found; what do you know about it?"—he said, "Nothing"—I saw Tower search him, and found the four postal orders enclosed in this brown paper</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140041"/>
<p>bag in the lining of his under-coat, and identified them—the brown paper bag had not been in the letter—I said, "I identify these four postal orders as those which I enclosed in the letter to Mr. Godfrey; how do you explain their being found in the lining of your coat?"—he said, "I can't explain it, it is a
<hi rend="italic">plant</hi>; I have not seen the letter"—I then went with Tower and searched the prisoner's house, and found a crossed cheque for £25, which I have traced as taken from a letter; also a foreign letter, open, a deed of release, open, and some stamps, used and unused—I asked him where he got the cheque from; he said, "I picked it up in Southwark Park Road last Tuesday afternoon, about four o'clock," and that he had had the stamps for years, and "The deed of release was brought to me by a boy last Wednesday; it was open, I don't know the boy"—I asked him about the foreign letter; he said, "I took it out for delivery, I can't explain it being open, it must have come open in the office"—the foreign packet contained confectionery; it was open—I spoke to him about it, he said, "Carelessness in not delivering it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He has been in the Post Office about two years—I knew nothing about him till two or three months ago, when my sus
<lb/>picions were aroused by the losses at Rotherhithe—we were always making inquiries; a man was caught there in August—the letter I posted has not been discovered, only the postal orders, which were stuffed between the lining of his coat and the cloth—the constable had to make a most minute search.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-160" type="surname" value="HARTLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-160" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HARTLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Post Office Inspector</hi>). On 20th November I received instructions about a test letter going to Rotherhithe—I took it from the box at 5.32, and placed it in the Rotherhithe bag, which I saw tied and sealed; and off it went.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-161" type="surname" value="ARTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-161" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS ARTIS</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Rotherhithe sorting office—the prisoner has been there two years—I received instructions to watch him—I looked at the mail-bag, and found a letter to J. Godfrey—I kept observation on the letters; no one went to them before the pri
<lb/>soner—it was not addressed to his walk, and he should have thrown it out; if he took it out he should have brought it back—I saw him start out on his delivery at 6.45, and saw him come back—the letter had not been delivered, nor had it been returned—he came back about eight o'clock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> His duty was to deliver letters in a certain district; he sorts them himself, and receives letters from two other sorters—he lays them in rotation—there are two other men sorting the letters he has to deliver—about seventeen men are employed in the office at that time in the evening, and my duty is to look after them; but some
<lb/>times I am sitting in the desk—that is a pretty busy time of day—this letter would not come into the prisoner's possession unless it was mis
<lb/>sorted—I had not received directions to watch any others at that time—there had been general suspicions of thefts—I put it on to his desk, although I knew it was not in his district—other men were sorting, but not at his desk; he sits by himself, and no one went near him to take a letter away from him; he was nearly half-an-hour before he went but on his delivery—I will swear that he did not put it on to another desk on which it should have been properly put; if the prisoner says that he put it on its proper desk that is untrue—during the half-hour I kept, a pen in my hand, and got out of the desk and walked round; but the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140042"/>
<p>would have had to walk right round the sorting-table to put the letter on the proper desk—he was out a little over an hour—I could not find the letter anywhere; if the prisoner put it on its proper desk it would have been sorted to the proper sorter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He was under my observation the whole time—I can swear that the letter was not passed into the Union Road walk—the Union Road man came in at 6.45 or 6.50—the prisoner had his hat and coat on all the time—no one could have slipped round and put the letter into the pocket of his under-coat.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-162" type="surname" value="TOWER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-162" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR TOWER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Constable G.P.O.</hi>). I found these orders in the lining of the prisoner's coat; I imagine he placed them in a hole in the lining under his arm—when I produced them he said, "It is a
<hi rend="italic">plant</hi>"—I found this foreign confectionery, a foreign letter opened, and a deed of release which was posted by a solicitor at Deal on November 17th; it was addressed to "Mrs. Mary Ralph, 49, Shakespeare Road, Bermondsey, London."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I searched his coat thoroughly, and found no other hole, but there may have been—I looked in the pockets, but did not see whether there was any hole in them; I do not think there was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-110-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-110-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-110-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-111">
<interp inst="t18911214-111" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-111" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-111-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-111-18911214 t18911214-111-offence-1 t18911214-111-verdict-1"/>
<p>111.
<persName id="def1-111-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-111-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18911214" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18911214" type="surname" value="CATCHPOLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18911214" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CATCHPOLE</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18911214-111-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-111-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-111-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>for stealing, while employed under the Post Office, a post-letter containing an order for £25, the property of
<persName id="t18911214-name-164" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-164" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-111-offence-1 t18911214-name-164"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JAKOE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-165" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-165" type="given" value="MILDRED"/>MILDRED FLETCHER</persName> </hi>. I am single, and live at the Old Court House, Hampton Court—at the end of October I sent this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) to my sister Bertha, who was working as a "sister" at Rotherhithe—it contained this cheque for £25, crossed, and payable to order—I gave it to the coachman to post—the endorsement is not in my sister's writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-166" type="surname" value="CANE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-166" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CANE</persName> </hi>. I am coachman at the Old Court House; I took the letters to the post on the 30th and 31st.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-167" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-167" type="given" value="BERTHA"/>BERTHA FLETCHER</persName> </hi>. I am working as a sister" at Rotherhithe, and live at the Manor House—this cheque did not come into my possession; this is not my writing on the back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-168" type="surname" value="ARTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-168" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ARTIS</persName> </hi>. I am inspector at Rotherhithe; the mission at Hawkstone Road is in that district; that is not in the prisoner's walk, but the letters would be on a table to which he had access.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Letters are not often lost when they are so well directed as this—I cannot say whether this letter over reached the office—it is out of the prisoner's delivery; he and sixteen or seventeen others assisted in the general sorting; suspicion might rest on any of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-169" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-169" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I found this cheque at the prisoner's lodging—I have seen him write, and have a specimen of his writing here—in my opinion the endorsement is his writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When he was asked about the cheque he said, "I picked it up in Southwark Park Road about four o'clock."—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-111-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-111-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-111-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-111-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-111-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-111-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-111-18911214 t18911214-111-punishment-26"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140043"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday and Friday, December</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Lord Chief Justice Coleridge.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-112">
<interp inst="t18911214-112" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-112" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-112-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-112-18911214 t18911214-112-offence-1 t18911214-112-verdict-1"/>
<p>112.
<persName id="def1-112-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-112-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18911214" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18911214" type="surname" value="SENECAL"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18911214" type="given" value="HARRY LAWRENCE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY LAWRENCE SENECAL</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-112-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-112-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-112-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="illegalAbortion"/>, Feloniously causing to be taken by
<persName id="t18911214-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-171" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-171" type="surname" value="ROBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-171" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-112-offence-1 t18911214-name-171"/>Mary Robson</persName> a certain noxious drug, in order to procure her miscarriage.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. FORREST FULTON, HORACE AVORY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The details of this case are unfit for publication.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18911214-112-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-112-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-112-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the ground of his youth, and his kindness to Robson during her trouble.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-112-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-112-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-112-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-112-18911214 t18911214-112-punishment-27"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, December</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-113">
<interp inst="t18911214-113" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-113" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-113-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-113-18911214 t18911214-113-offence-1 t18911214-113-verdict-1"/>
<p>113.
<persName id="def1-113-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-113-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18911214" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18911214" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18911214" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES SMITH</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-113-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-113-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-113-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-113-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-113-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-113-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18911214-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-173" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-173" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-113-offence-1 t18911214-name-173"/>Edward Jacobs</persName>, and stealing eight pictures, his goods.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-113-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-113-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-113-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-113-18911214 t18911214-113-punishment-28"/>Be received a good character.—Four Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-114">
<interp inst="t18911214-114" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-114" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-114-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-114-18911214 t18911214-114-offence-1 t18911214-114-verdict-1"/>
<p>(114)
<persName id="def1-114-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-114-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18911214" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18911214" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18911214" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE LEWIS</hi>** (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-114-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-114-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-114-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18911214-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-175" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-175" type="given" value="ALFRED WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-114-offence-1 t18911214-name-175"/>Alfred William Henry Jones</persName>, and of stealing six pairs of boots and three other boots, his property, having been convicted at Wakefield on 6th April, 1885.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-114-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-114-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-114-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-114-18911214 t18911214-114-punishment-29"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911214-114-verdict-" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-114-verdict-" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-114-verdict-" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-115">
<interp inst="t18911214-115" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-115" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-115-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-115-18911214 t18911214-115-offence-1 t18911214-115-verdict-1"/>
<p>115.
<persName id="def1-115-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-115-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18911214" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18911214" type="surname" value="BATES"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18911214" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BATES</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-115-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-115-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-115-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Maliciously wounding
<persName id="t18911214-name-177" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-177" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-177" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-115-offence-1 t18911214-name-177"/>Frank Pearce</persName> and occasioning him actual bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-178" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-178" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK PEARCE</persName> </hi>. I am a boot-laster, of Essex Street, Kingsland Road—on September 22nd of between 12.30 and 1 o'clock I was sitting on a barrow in Hackney Road, with Sikes, a boot-laster—I was in work, but not going to work that day—I saw a woman ejected from a public-house, and then looked towards our trades union office, and saw the prisoner and his brother making indecent gestures towards the window—they put their thumbs to their noses, and then turned up their coats and turned their posteriors to the window—we went to see what it was done for, and I heard the prisoner make a noise with his mouth—when I got close to him he drew something similar to this (
<hi rend="italic">an iron bar</hi>) from his pocket; he struck me with it, but I received it on my elbow—he then struck at me several times in the same manner; I could not ward off two of the blows, and he struck me twice rapidly on my head—I felt stunned, and apt exhausted from bleed
<lb/>ing, but I kept my feet—I was smothered in blood—I tried to seize him, but he broke away and ran to the Roebuck public-house, 100 yards off; I followed him; he went in at one side and left by another door; I tried to stop him, and he ran into a policeman's arms about 100 yards from the Roebuck, and I charged him—there was no crowd before I was wounded—I did not see Mr. Stacey till after I was wounded, and then he was trying to get this instrument out of the prisoner's hand—I had done nothing by word or gesture to arouse the prisoner's anger, and never have—I do not know him—the inspector asked him at the station what made him attack me—he said his shop was broken into the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140044"/>
<p>night before, and he had every reason to believe I was the man who did it—I had not done so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He did not say at the station that what he did was done in self-defence, but he did at the Police-court—he came up and struck me without the slightest provocation—I am a member of the National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives, and was sitting close to the office—I was recovering from the day before's drink—the Union are conducting this prosecution for me—I had heard of the two Bates, and that they were in Messrs. Greenwood's employ—I did not know that Greenwood's place was blocked; I know it now, and have heard since that the Bateses took work backwards and forwards to the Greenwoods, and that they were under police protection—as a member of the Union I took part in their processions on Sundays—we go right through the streets with a band, and when we get to the house of an objectionable individual we slow up to the goose-step, and play the Dead March in
<hi rend="italic">Saul</hi>, and all who wish take off their hats if they have a respect for the dead—I swore before the Magistrate, "The Dead March and the hats off is an intimation that the workers at Messrs. Greenwood's ought to be dead"; and I did wish him dead after he struck me on my head—the procession increased, and at last it got up to 3,000 or 4,000—I have never been present when the prisoner has been guarded by the police in taking his work to Greenwood's—I heard at the Police-court of his being attacked in the street—I closed with the prisoner, and he fell—Mr. Stacey came up, I think, then—he was not dragged through the mud—he was covered with mud when he was taken by the police—he complained of my butting him in the face after he had received the blow—I do not know Mr. Square; they were all strangers to me—I think the prisoner and I had a little struggle when he struck me—of course I should not be such a coward as to run away from him—when he ran into the public-house the Union men increased; they did not call to the landlord, "Throw him out!"—he cried like a child—I do not know that his place had been broken into the night before and his windows broken—I never worked for Messrs. Greenwood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>; I only walked with the procession on one Sunday—there were numbers of policemen to see that the procession did not stop; it was still moving when they played the Dead March—I have never been a picket in London—I have been in processions since; I made it a practice to go—I have not seen Bates there—I have seen Mr. Greenwood walk
<lb/>ing with the procession—I have passed Bates' house since I was wounded—there was no stone-throwing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-179" type="surname" value="FRAZER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-179" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FRAZER</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, of 2, Kennington Road—the in
<lb/>spector sent for me to the station and I examined Pearce—he had two in
<lb/>cised wounds on the vertex of his scalp, each an inch long; they nearly met at an angle, but did not go down to the bone; there had been con
<lb/>siderable hemorrhage—this instrument would cause such wounds—it has a blunt edge, and must have been used with considerable force.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-180" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-180" type="given" value="THORNTON"/>THORNTON G. SIMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am a duly qualified medical man—I was called to attend Pearce on the Wednesday and saw him up to October 8th—he was not fit to go to the Police-court between the 23rd and the 8th—he was suffering from two incised wounds on his head meeting at an angle, and very deep—he is still suffering a great deal—they went</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140045"/>
<p>through the scalp—this instrument would cause them; the blow must have been struck with considerable force.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> A man under excitement, and under the influence of alcohol, would bleed more freely.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-181" type="surname" value="SYKES"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-181" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SYKES</persName> </hi>. I am a boot-laster, of Bethnal Green—on September 22 I was with Pearce sitting on a barrow in Hackney Road—we were in the same employment—I saw a drunken woman ejected from a public-house, and two men in the middle of the road turning their posteriors towards the office of the Union—we got off the barrow and made towards them to see what was the matter, and Mr. Bates, taking this piece of iron from his pocket, struck at Pearce (it is a driver, and is used in the boot trade) knocking off his hat; Pearce put up his arm to stop it; four blows were given, two of which took effect, and the man was covered with blood—I put up my arm to save Pearce, and got a very severe blow across my thumb from the same man—I then saw Mr. Stacey—he got behind the prisoner and wrenched the driver from his hand—the prisoner tried to escape, and went at a good pace towards the Roebuck; he and his brother ran through the public-house and came out at the next turning; we followed them, and a policeman stopped them—they were both charged at first, and the prisoner was locked up—Stacey and Peters both fell to the ground, which was terribly muddy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a Union man, and have taken part in the pro
<lb/>cessions—there was nothing to prevent my being too far off to be struck; I was anxious to see what was the matter—I have said Bates was not surrounded by Union men before he drew the instrument—I saw Pearce and the prisoner down on the ground together, and saw the prisoner dragged along the ground, but only about a yard, when Stacey took the driver from him; he was covered with mud—there was not much blood on him—the prisoner complained of Pearce butting him—I said before the Magistrate, "I do not remember seeing Bates attacked by Pearce, they were both on the ground"—when he got up and made for the Roebuck there were thirty or forty people behind him, but most of them were girls and boys; there were about ten men.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The word "butting" was not used by any one before October 9th—I was cross-examined, and asked if there was any butting, and I said I did not see it; it did not take place in my presence—there was no attack on the prisoner by word, demeanour, or action before he took this instrument from his pocket—there was nothing to prevent his going away—when I have gone in the procession since I have seen the Bateses there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-182" type="surname" value="STACEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-182" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH STACEY</persName> </hi>. I am secretary to the National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives, registered under the terms of the Act—the office of that branch is at 159, Hackney Road—I was there on September 22nd and saw the prisoner making disgusting gestures in front of the office, and noises with his mouth—I put down the window and said, "You dirty beast, I will have you summoned for that"—a small crowd collected and he took this instrument from his pocket and struck Pearce; the blood streamed to the ground—I rushed out of the office and took it from him—he struggled to obtain possession of it, and then ran; a police whistle was handed to me, and I blew it—he ran through the Roebuck and out at another door, and was arrested in Hackney Road—at the time the blow was struck no one was menacing him; I saw no provocation given—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140046"/>
<p>the man came up and he immediately turned on him with the file—I saw blood and mud on Bates, whe said at the station that Pearce fell against him and butted him—I said, "I never saw any butting"—he was reeling like a drunken man after the blow; he was really not sensible—the whistle was lent me by a master boot maker on the opposite side of the road, whose shop was blocked in the same way—Pearce gave no provocation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Sykes and Pearce came up to where the prisoner was, near enough to be struck by him—our branch of the Union is conducting this prosecution—I rushed at the prisoner, and seized hold of the instrument; we rolled together on the ground—the office is on the first floor, and I ran into the street—I knew that the Bateses were employed at the Greenwoods', whose shop was blocked by order of the board—I do not disapprove of the processions so long as they are orderly—playing the Dead March suggests the death of the sweating system under which they are working; we wish it dead—I should take my hat off if I were in the procession—this is not done by the office, but by a select committee—I believe the prisoner subscribed to prosecute the previous secretary; I knew before that the Bateses had been under police protection in taking their work home.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The Dead March is aimed at the system—there are about 5,000 men in this branch, and about 40,000 in the whole kingdom—I do not think any police protection was necessary to preserve Bates from violence—I do not think there was anything on this occasion menacing his safety.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-183" type="surname" value="BURNABY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-183" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BURNABY</persName> </hi>. I live at Bethnal Green—I was a laster before I fell into bad health; I am suffering now—on September 2nd, about 12.30, I was in the office of the Hackney Union and saw Pearce and Sykes outside sitting on a barrow—the prisoner's brother came up alone—there was no collection of people in the street—I heard Mr. Stacey say, "I will summon you for that," and Pearce came up from the barrow—I went to the window and saw the prisoner, with an instrument like this, strike Pearce on his head—the blood flowed and I went into the street and saw him run to the Roebuck public-house, but finding he could not escape, he walked quietly, and was taken in custody—there was no crowd before the wounds were inflicted—when Pearce defended himself by putting up his arm he did not attempt to strike—Mr. Stacey went out into the street before me, and when I got out he had got this in his hand—I heard a whistle—I saw the prisoner given in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know the prisoner's brother—I do not know the Greenwoods—I did not see Bates on the ground; I saw mud and blood on him—I did not hear the mob yelling outside the public-house to throw him out; I don't think the people called out anything.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It was not a mob of Union men, but of people in the street—I am in Victoria Park Hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-184" type="surname" value="SQUARE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-184" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SQUARE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk at the Hackney branch of the trades union—on 22nd September I was in the office, and saw Bates making indecent gestures—Mr. Stacey threw the window open and said he would summons him for indecent conduct—I saw Bates strike Pearce two blows with a driver, and saw blood flow—Mr. Stacey ran down, and struggled with Bates to get hold of the instrument; I did not see anyone on the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140047"/>
<p>ground—no provocation was given to Bates by word or gesture—there was no mob of trade unionists; I saw a small crowd.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know the Bates's well, and have often seen them with police protection; it was unusual to see them without the police—the first I saw was Pearce and the prisoner struggling together—I after
<lb/>wards saw Stacey struggling with him for about three minutes before Stacey went down—I did not see Pearce and Bates on the ground together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was sitting on a stool—nothing was done to provoke the prisoner—there was no falling on the ground before he took the instrument from his pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-185" type="surname" value="CARR"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-185" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>WILLIAM GEORGE CARR</persName> </hi>. I am a painter,. of 202, Cambridge Road—I was at the office of the Union on Tuesday, in the middle of the day, and saw Mr. Stacey leave the office after saying something from the window—I followed him, and saw a struggle and a blow delivered, I cannot say who by, and blood flowed—there were very few people there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-186" type="surname" value="GLBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-186" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY GLBSON</persName> </hi> (56
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). On September 22nd I saw the prisoner and his brother some little distance from the trade union office, and saw Pearce covered with blood down his face and all down his coat—he said that the prisoner and his brother had assaulted him—Mr. Stacey handed me this driver, and said he took it from the prisoner's hand—I took both the Bateses to the station, the Inspector put questions, and the brother was discharged—the prisoner said, "Last night the window of my house was broken in, and I have reason to believe Pearce was the one who did it; what I did was in self-defence."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The two brothers were walking together in front of a crowd of two hundred people—there were marks of blood on the pri
<lb/>soner's face; he said that Pearce had butted him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Pearce said that he had not—the prisoner said that the blood on his face came there by the butting, but Pearce said it was done when he hung on him to hold him.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18911214-115-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-115-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-115-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of assault and occasioning actual bodily harm. Strongly recom
<lb/>mended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.</rs>
<rs id="t18911214-115-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-115-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-115-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-115-18911214 t18911214-115-punishment-30"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognizances, to come up for judgment when called on.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-116">
<interp inst="t18911214-116" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-116" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-116-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-116-18911214 t18911214-116-offence-1 t18911214-116-verdict-1"/>
<p>116.
<persName id="def1-116-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-116-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-116-18911214" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-116-18911214" type="surname" value="CHEVROLAT"/>
<interp inst="def1-116-18911214" type="given" value="FERDINAND"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FERDINAND CHEVROLAT</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18911214-116-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-116-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-116-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing a banker's cheque for £13 18s. of the
<persName id="t18911214-name-188" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-188" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-116-offence-1 t18911214-name-188"/>Glass and Bottle Works Company</persName>, his masters.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended the prisoner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-189" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-189" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HUNT</persName> </hi>. I am a wine merchant, trading as Lowenthal and Co., at 6, Duke Street, Adelphi—on 10th November I owed the Glass and Bottle Works Company £13 18s., and sent them this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the prisoner, who is their traveller, called on the 14th and said, "I have come for the cheque"—I said that it had been sent, and showed him a copy of the letter sent with it—he said that it had never arrived—he said, "I had better go to Price's bank and stop it"—I said, "You can
<lb/>not do better, and in case it has been paid, what will the endorsement be?"-—he said, "Per paid the Glass Works, managing director"—he left—I communicated with Messrs. Coutts, got the cheque back, and sent my clerk to see the prisoner, and communicated with the police—I got back just as the prisoner was coming out; my partner saw him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-190" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-190" type="given" value="JAMES WILLIAM"/>JAMES WILLIAM MASON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Coutts and Co.—on 11th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140048"/>
<p>November one of Messrs. Gatti's messengers brought this cheque, and I changed it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-191" type="surname" value="MESSINA"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-191" type="given" value="GIOVANNI"/>GIOVANNI MESSINA</persName> </hi>. I am one of the messengers to Messrs. Gatti—on 11th November I took an open cheque to Messrs. Coutts—the last witness paid me, and I gave the money to the prisoner, he having given me the cheque.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was lunching there with another gentleman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-192" type="surname" value="VANDERWASSER"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-192" type="given" value="ADOLPHE"/>ADOLPHE VANDERWASSER</persName> </hi>. I am a horse dealer, of 2, Banfield Terrace, Dulwich—I met the prisoner at St. Martin's Lane, and we went into Messrs. Gatti's to lunch—he gave a paper to the last witness, which I suppose was a cheque, and told him to get the money and bring it to him, which he did.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-193" type="surname" value="LARGE"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-193" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK LARGE</persName> </hi>. I am managing director of the Gothic Glass and Bottle Company, 3, Crawford Street West—the prisoner was our traveller, and was in the habit of opening the letters in the morning if I was not there—this is not my endorsement on this cheque; I think it is the prisoner's, but it is very hard to say—I had seen Mr. Hunt, and on November 16th I asked the prisoner if he knew anything about the cheque—he said, "No"—I said if he had had anything to do with it he had better say so—he said, "No"—I saw him every day and said; "If you have had anything to do with it you had better tell me at once"—he said, "I did not endorse it if I had the money," or something to that effect—on the 14th I told him to call and see Mr. Hunt about the cheque, and collect the money—he afterwards told me the cheque had been sent on.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> If he had told me he had cashed the cheque I should not have said anything—I said before the Magistrate that I authorised the prisoner to endorse cheques; also, "He has sometimes been left in charge of the office and might have to make disbursements; he may have made them out of his own pocket; he may have cashed cheques in my absence; ho did so a day or two ago in the case of a cheque payable to bearer: I may have cashed cheques for current expenses instead of paying them into the bank; I may have borrowed £3 or £4 to make the wages up till morning"—he was at one time instructed to collect all moneys due to the firm, and take the control of the business—when he was arrested he had more than sufficient money on him to replace this.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I have given him authority to endorse cheques paid into the bank; but not to take the money for his own use—I did not authorise Vanderwasser to endorse cheques.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911214-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-194" type="surname" value="TEMBLATT"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-194" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY TEMBLATT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer E</hi>). About 9.30 a.m. on 19th November, I said to the prisoner, "I am a police-officer; I am going to take you into custody on a charge of stealing, on or about 11th Novem
<lb/>ber, a post letter containing a cheque for £13 18s.; and further with forging and uttering the same, and obtaining money on it"—he said, "I did not put the writing on the back of it"—the witness Large came up and said to the prisoner, "You do not want to bring anyone else into this?" he made no reply—on the way to the station he said, "I did not put the endorsement on the cheque, the man that was with me at Gatti's did it"—I said, "Who do you mean, Vanderwasser?"—he said, "Yes"—I found on him £ 19 10s. and this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).—
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi>
<rs id="t18911214-116-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-116-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-116-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy,</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911214-116-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-116-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-116-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-116-18911214 t18911214-116-punishment-31"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911214-117">
<interp inst="t18911214-117" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911214"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-117" type="date" value="18911214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911214-117-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-117-18911214 t18911214-117-offence-1 t18911214-117-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189112140049"/>
<p>117.
<persName id="def1-117-18911214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-117-18911214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-117-18911214" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="def1-117-18911214" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH LEVY</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911214-117-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-117-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-117-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18911214-name-196" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911214-name-196" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-196" type="surname" value="MCSWEENEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-name-196" type="given" value="BRIDGET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911214-117-offence-1 t18911214-name-196"/>Bridget McSweeney</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911214-117-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911214-117-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911214-117-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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