<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18911116">
<interp inst="f18911116" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="f18911116" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>EVANS, MAYOR.</p>
<persName id="t18911116-name-1">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>VOL. CXV.</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, November 16th, 1891, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-2" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-2" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID EVANS</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-3" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-3" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-4" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-4" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Bart., Alderman of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-5" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-5" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-6" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-6" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-7" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-7" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HART</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-8" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-8" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-9" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-9" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-10" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-10" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK GREEN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-11" type="surname" value="DIMSDALE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-11" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DIMSDALE</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-12" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-12" type="given" value="JAMES THOMPSON"/>JAMES THOMPSON RITCHIE</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-13" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-13" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., D.C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-14" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-14" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-15" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-15" type="given" value="HARRY SEYMOUR"/>HARRY SEYMOUR FOSTER</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-16" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-16" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HILL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLARENCE RICHARD HALSE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
<p>* Also cases removed to this Court under the Order in Council.</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EVANS, MAYOR. FIRST SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, November</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<persName id="def1-1-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-1-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-18911116" type="surname" value="BROWNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-18911116" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHEN F. BROWNE</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18911116-1-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/> for unlawfully publishing a libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18911116-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-18" type="surname" value="STANDING"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-18" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-1-offence-1 t18911116-name-18"/>Herbert Standing</persName>, to which he pleaded a justification.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-19" type="surname" value="STANDING"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-19" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT STANDING</persName> </hi>. I carry on business at 131, Finsbury Pavement—I am proprietor of the
<hi rend="italic">lndiarubber and Gutta Percha Traces Journal</hi>—I have other journals—in 1887 I became acquainted with the prisoner—I heard of him through my brother, a dresser in the hospital, where the prisoner was a patient suffering from some disease; I think it was more than accident—at my brother's instance I employed him, as a clerk, at 18s. a week—at first he had a definite salary; afterwards I allowed him a commission on canvassing for advertisements—I have some house property at New South
<lb/>gate, and in March, 1889, I allowed the prisoner to live in one of the houses at a nominal salary of 7s. 6d. a week; practically he lived rent free—he collected the rents of the other houses, accounting to me for it—from time to time I had to find fault with him in regard to the business he did, also he got into little difficulties that I tad to help him out of—in consequence of that I had to stop his salary, and arranged to pay him only by commission on the work which he actually did—that was at the end of last year—I still allowed him to live in the house at Southgate and collect the rents—from something that came to my knowledge with regard to the Southgate property I communicated with him by letter on 17th September, and in answer I got this telegram, refusing to see me—I had not told him what I wanted to see him about—on the following day I received this letter; it is in his handwriting—in this letter he describes himself as my agent, and gives me a month's notice. (
<hi rend="italic">The letter was put in and ready in it he stated that if the prosecutor attempted to take proceedings against him he would expose him</hi>)—I took that letter to my solicitors and showed it to them; I did not communicate with the prisoner by letter after that—this</p>
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<p>note was handed to me at my office at the meeting of an association of which I am secretary—it said, "Let me know at what time you are disengaged"—I went downstairs at once and saw him at the door—I told him I was busy at this meeting, and could not see him that evening—I then went back to attend to my business—shortly afterwards, that same evening, I received this letter, marked D; it was delivered to me by hand while I was at the meeting. (
<hi rend="italic">This was the alleged libel. It stated that the prose
<lb/>cutor had been carrying on a fraudulent business for the last five gears, by misrepresenting the circulation of his paper, and so obtaining "insets" from persons by such false representation, and that if any action was taken against himself he was prepared to do his best to ruin him, professionally and morally</hi>)—I have never made any representation as to what the circulation of my paper was—"insets" are advertisements sent to me to be inserted in the paper; we are not in the habit of selling them as waste paper—surplus copies of the journal and insets, when they accumulate, are sold as other things are—Worths have sent us fashion plates for insertion—they were used in the same way—at the last Session, when I was leaving the Court, I saw the prisoner, and he said, "I shall make the place very hot for you here at the next Session.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I have been proprietor of this journal since 1885—I never represented the circulation as 3,000; it varies—I refuse to answer what the circulation has been—I made the circulation as large as I could, but I never guaranteed any specific number—it has certainly exceeded a thousand; it is a monthly publication—the order was to insert one of the circulars in each issue—it may be that 2,500 were cleared and sold as waste paper—I think after you left the hospital you took some employment before coming to me—I sent you this letter of 18th September, 1891. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated that he had shown the prisoner's letter to his solicitor, who confirmed his opinion that it was a threatening letter which might subject him to penal servitude.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-20" type="surname" value="NEWNHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-20" type="given" value="LEWIS EDMUND"/>LEWIS EDMUND NEWNHAM</persName> </hi>. I am a printer—I print the
<hi rend="italic">Indiarubber Journal</hi>, and have done so a little over six years.
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner asked the witness how many numbers of the journal he had printed per month for the last eighteen months. Witness</hi>. That is a question I decline to answer, I con
<lb/>tend that is a trade secret; I am only answerable to the publisher.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The examination was not pursued, and the prisoner called no further evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-1-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">The Jury added that the justification was not proved.—
<rs id="t18911116-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-18911116 t18911116-1-punishment-1"/>Four Months' Imprisonment,</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911116-1-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-1-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-1-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-18911116 t18911116-1-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">and to enter into his own recognisances in</hi> £50
<hi rend="italic">to keep the peace.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-2-18911116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-18911116" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-18911116" type="surname" value="BRIGNELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-18911116" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA BRIGNELL</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-2-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-2-18911116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-2-18911116" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-2-18911116" type="surname" value="BUSSEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-2-18911116" type="given" value="LAURA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LAURA BUSSEY</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing an order for £6 of
<persName id="t18911116-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-23" type="surname" value="ESCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-23" type="given" value="THOMAS HAY SWEET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-2-offence-1 t18911116-name-23"/>Thomas Hay Sweet Escott</persName>, the master of Brignell;
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, for receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Brignell, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. E. BEARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Bussey</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-24" type="surname" value="ESCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-24" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE ESCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Hay Sweet Escott—my present address is 45, South Hill Park, Hampstead—the two prisoners have been in my service—on 29th July last Bussey left my service—at that time I was living at 22, Southwick Street, Paddington—I remained</p>
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<p>there till 26th August—at that time Brignell was in my service—about the 14th August I was expecting a letter from Cheltenham with a cheque—I told Brignell that I expected it—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the cheque I was expecting—it is drawn by Mrs. Stubbs in my favour—the endorsement is not my writing or written by my authority—it is Bussey's handwriting—in consequence of information I put the matter in the hands of the police—I afterwards saw the prisoners at Paddington Police-station on 26th August—they were charged in my hearing—they said nothing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. My husband is an invalid—at the time the cheque was received I was carrying on business without him—Brignell had been in my service about three years, with the exception of about five months—she left me to get married—I thought so well of her that I wrote and asked her to come back, which she did—Bussey was housemaid—it was not her duty to open the door of a morning, that was Brignell's duty—I know that Bussey was in. the habit of going to the door, but she was not in my service at that time; she was in the habit of visiting at the house, but not in the morning—I was dissatisfied with her coming to the house; I told Brignell that I did not like her to come—I warned her against her; I said she was deceitful—I sometimes went down and had breakfast with Brignell, as she was not very well.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BEARD</hi>. I kept a lodging-house—Brignell might have considered herself in the position of a working housekeeper; she received money from the lodgers, and always brought it to me—about two years ago I lost a £5 note—Bussey was not then in my service, Brignell was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-25" type="surname" value="VINNICOMB"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-25" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES VINNICOMB</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Higgins, a fishmonger, of 65, Connaught Street—on 26th August Bussey brought this cheque to me and asked me to change it; our cashier was not in, and I asked her to call again, which she did next day, and the change was given—the cheque was endorsed when she brought it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-26" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-26" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS THOMPSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant F</hi>). On 16th September, at 3 p.m., I was in the Dynevor Road, Stoke Newington, where I saw Bussey—I said, "Your name is Bussey"—she said, "Yes"—I said, "I am a police officer, and I caution you as to answering any questions"—I then showed her this cheque, and pointed to the name on the back—she said, "I wrote Kate Escott on it for my friend Mrs. Brignell"—I said, "Where is your friend Mrs. Brignell?"—she said, "At No. 75, Dynevor Road"—we both went there, and in the presence of Brignell Bussey said, "I signed the cheque for you, got the money and paid it to you"—Brignell said nothing—I then told them both that they would be charged with being concerned together in stealing, on or about the 14th of August, from 22, Southwick Street, a cheque for £6, and they would be further charged with forging and uttering it—Brignell said, "I know nothing about it"—Bussey made no reply—I then conveyed them to Paddington Police-station, where they were charged—they made no answer to it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. It was at my suggestion that Bussey repeated her statement to Brignell—that was not done in order to get evidence against Brignell, it was to verify her statement.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BEARD</hi>. I gave Brignell the opportunity of denying it—she did not deny it—Bussey said, "I signed the cheque, you asked me."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160006"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-27" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-27" type="given" value="THOMAS FRENCH"/>THOMAS FRENCH LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the Paddington branch of the London and County Bank—this cheque was paid in there by Mr. Higgins, on the 27th, it was afterwards cleared.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-28" type="surname" value="TUTHILL"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-28" type="given" value="GEORGE CHARLES"/>GEORGE CHARLES TUTHILL</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of Eliza Tuthill, whose deposition was taken before the Magistrate in this case—I produce a medical certificate from a doctor who has attended her, that it would be absolutely dangerous to her life to attend hereto-day; she signed it in my presence; she is confined to her bed, suffering from pneumonia. (
<hi rend="italic">The deposition stated that the cheque was drawn by her on</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th August, and enclosed in an envelope directed to Mrs. Escott</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that the case must fail, as the evidence showed that Mr. Escott was not, as alleged in the indictment, the master of Brignell, but that she teas the servant of Mrs. Escott; and further, that the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">had no power of amending the indictment by changing the ownership. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">suggested that the ownership might be omitted, and the case treated simply as a common-law larceny</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">assented to this, and the allegation of servant teas withdrawn</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners received good characters</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRIGNELL</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-2-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-2-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-2-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-18911116 t18911116-2-punishment-3"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BUSSEY</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-2-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-2-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-2-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-3">
<interp inst="t18911116-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-3" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-3-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18911116 t18911116-3-offence-1 t18911116-3-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-3-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-3-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-18911116" type="surname" value="BURROWS"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-18911116" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED BURROWS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911116-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to three charges of burglary and stealing—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-3-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-3-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-3-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18911116 t18911116-3-punishment-4"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-4">
<interp inst="t18911116-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-4" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-4-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-18911116 t18911116-4-offence-1 t18911116-4-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-4-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18911116" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18911116" type="surname" value="FRYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18911116" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WILLIAM FRYER</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining £60 by false pretences from
<persName id="t18911116-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-31" type="surname" value="EDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-31" type="given" value="JOHN FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-4-offence-1 t18911116-name-31"/>John Frederick Edell</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. H. C. RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-32" type="surname" value="EDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-32" type="given" value="JOHN FREDERICK"/>JOHN FREDERICK EDELL</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 4, King Street, Cheap
<lb/>side—about 7th July the prisoner came to me and made representations with regard to some estate at Greenhithe; he proposed a mortgage of £5,000—on 16th July, after a report had come, the prisoner called at the office and proposed a loan of £60 to pay a pressing printer's account—I asked him if he had any judgment or anything else registered against him, or any action pending—he said, "No"—prior to that he had said that he was one of the six surveyors of the London School Board, appointed for the Lewisham district—I have ascertained that statement is not true—I would not have lent him any money if I had known there was any judgment against him, or any proceedings pending—it was on the faith of such answers that I drew a cheque for £60—the loan was to be for three or four days—he gave me a cheque, and said he had a bill or cheque that he was going to pay in to his bankers on Saturday morning, but it was not to be entered till Monday—I afterwards had some telegrams and letters asking me to hold it back—the cheque was paid in on the 20th July, and returned on the 21st—my clerk, on my behalf, made inquiries as to whether any judgments were entered against him—I myself searched and found that some were registered against him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I believe it was on the 2nd July that you called on me in reference to the loan on the Greenhthe property—I had the estate surveyed on 15th July—I wrote you a letter; this is a copy by one of my clerks. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Dear Sir,—Greenhithe—Referring to your application for a loan, our agent reports £3,000 might be advanced,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160007"/>
<p>subject to inquiries proving satisfactory")—it was on the 16th July that you suggested a loan of £60—for the purposes of that loan we should not make inquiries till a few hours before completing the mortgage—I said I should have to consult my partners—no one was present at our conversation on the next day when I handed you the cheque—I did not say anything about bankruptcy—I asked if any judgments were registered against you, or any proceedings; that is my usual question—when you came next day about eleven I gave you the cheque—I said, "You must give me yours in exchange"—there was no in
<lb/>terest charged—there had been attendances between 7th and 16th—I did not regard it in the light of interest—you sent me your cheque for £62 two days afterwards—the day before my cheque was to have been paid I received a telegram from you, asking me to withhold it for a day or two, as you had been disappointed—I did not withhold it; the cheque was returned, and I immediately issued a warrant for the amount; I filed a petition against you—civil proceedings were commenced on 25th July; on 16th September I determined to take criminal proceedings—it was somewhere about 25th August that I found out the judgments against you—I said at the Mansion House that I thought it was just after I lent you the money, but I was mistaken; it was not so, because I was away for my vacation at that time—in the civil proceedings execution was issued on 30th July—one petition in bankruptcy was filed against you on 25th August; that was heard on September 12th—I did not know your true character, but on 15th September Mr. Cawthorn was good enough to give me that information—it was two clear days after the petition that I commenced these criminal proceedings; the petition was heard on the 12th, and I commenced criminal proceedings on the 16th—I applied at the Mansion House for a warrant; they did not grant it, the Lord Mayor thought it should be a summons; after the summons was issued I did not try to settle the matter civilly, friends of yours came to me and asked me if I would settle it—I sent a bill of exchange at Mr. Rees' desire, but I did not offer to withdraw from the prosecution, except on leave of the Court—when I lent you the £60 I did not think it important to have it put in writing, I trust people; you had a very good introduction to me; I have no recollection of your mentioning that you had good security to give—you did not say that you had valued for the School Board, you said you were one of the six surveyors for the Lewisham district.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) I received from the prisoner the day after judgment was obtained, upon which he had been made bankrupt—("Dear Sir,—Enclose—thanks for your cheque; kindly send me copy of your letter.")</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-33" type="surname" value="MACE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-33" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>CHARLES EDWARD MACE</persName> </hi>. I am one of the managing clerks to Messrs. Edell and Co.—I have had the conduct of this case,—in consequence of a communication from Mr. Edell I searched for judgments against the prisoner—I found records of two County-court judgments in 1890—two in 1891, two in 1889, the record of an application on 2nd October, 1889, in an action in the Mayor's Court for a committal order, also the record of an application made a few days before 15th July last, upon which there was a committal order for twenty days made against the prisoner in respect of a debt of £4 and costs—I also have an office copy of a judgment on 16th July against him on an order made on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160008"/>
<p>12th June, 1891, for £57, £7 19s. costs, on 16th July, the date of the prisoner calling at the office; I think Mr. Edell returned to London on 15th August—I received information from Mr. Cawthorn and another—there were two adjournments at the Mansion House at the prisoner's request.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-34" type="surname" value="MAJOR"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-34" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT MAJOR</persName> </hi>. I am managing clerk to Mr. Pateman, a solicitor, of King William Street—an action was brought against the prisoner in June this year for £57, and judgment was obtained on 16th July, £7 19s. costs—the prisoner was duly served with a writ—I had the conduct of the action.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, denied that lie had stated to the prosecutor that he was surveyor to the School Board, or that he had represented the estate at Greenhithe as his; what he did state was that his interest teas only that of a surveyor, and that the</hi> £60
<hi rend="italic">he wanted to enable him to carry on a publication in which he was interested.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-35" type="surname" value="REES"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-35" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY REES</persName> </hi>. I have known the prisoner some years—I am secretary to the company proposing to purchase a periodical of the prisoner—I was elected as secretary in place of Mr. Cawthorn; prior to that I was one of the directors—there was an agreement with the prisoner that he was to receive £2,000 in cash and £500 besides; that was not considered exorbitant—I considered that was the value of the property—I don't think the bank has stopped the payment of the money, it was the proceedings at the Mansion House—the directors were quite willing to pay him the money for the paper; they were agreeable for the time being to carry it on at their own expense—I have known the prisoner three, four, or five years as an architect—I have never known him do anything dishonourable—I never heard any suspicion until this case.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We were sued on a matter of the prisoner's for £75, by Mr. Bell, that was with regard to the building ground; we guaranteed the advance, we did not pay it, we arranged it; we have never been asked to pay it—Mr. Bell took the proceedings, but arranged it directly—he was to be solicitor to the company, and it was to be paid by instal
<lb/>ments—Mr. Harrison and Mr. Pressland were the directors who guaranteed the amount—Mr. Harrison is my partner—I occupy five offices—I have brought out companies—Mr. Edell sent me a bill of exchange to accept—I did not say that the prisoner had done me out of a lot of money; I said I should lose by him a very large sum of money; I did not say I had been done out of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, November</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-5">
<interp inst="t18911116-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-5" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-5-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-18911116 t18911116-5-offence-1 t18911116-5-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-5-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18911116" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18911116" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18911116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DAY</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>** to unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his possession, with intent to utter it.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-5-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-18911116 t18911116-5-punishment-5"/>Twenty Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-6">
<interp inst="t18911116-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-6" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18911116 t18911116-6-offence-1 t18911116-6-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-6-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-18911116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18911116" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18911116" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18911116" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN BROWN</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, twice within ten days.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-38" type="surname" value="LAZARUS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-38" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC LAZARUS</persName> </hi>. I keep the Walnut Tree public-house, Mile End—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160009"/>
<p>on 15th October I served the prisoner with a glass of ale, price a penny; she gave me a shilling—I looked at it, broke it in the tester, gave her half, and kept the other half—she said she had not got a penny to pay with, and I let her go—on 19th October she came again for a glass of ale, and put down a shilling—I said, "You have brought another bad shilling"—she said, "Governor, if you think that is a bad one keep that shilling, and I will bring you a penny; I have not got another penny"—I sent for a constable, and said that she was there on Thurs
<lb/>day and gave me a shilling, and I broke it, and had got the half there—she said nothing to that—this broken piece (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was the part—kept on the 15th, and this is the coin she brought on the 19th—I handed them to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I did not tell the inspector I did not know you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-39" type="surname" value="MOODY"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-39" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MOODY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">H</hi> 325). On October 19th I was called to the prosecutor's house; he had a broken coin in his hand and said, "This woman has tendered this over the bar in payment for half a pint of ale, she came last Thursday and passed this over the bar," showing me this broken piece of coin—they are both broken; he said that he broke the first coin in two and let her go—she made no reply, she was only accused of one—I took her to the station, she was charged, and made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-40" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM ANDREW"/>WILLIAM ANDREW GILL</persName> </hi>. I keep the Gladstone public-house, Boundary Street, Shoreditch—rather more than twelve months ago the prisoner came in for half a pint of ale and gave me a shilling—I said, "I think this is a bad one"—she said, "It does not matter, here is another," but I put it in the tester, bent it double, and handed it back to her—she was there a few minutes longer, there were two constables outside, I called their attention to her, and she was taken before a Magistrate and discharged—I saw her next at the Thames" Police-court, two or three weeks ago, with nine or ten others, and picked her out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner.</hi> I certainly was taken in custody and discharged, because I was not the woman.
<hi rend="italic">The Witness</hi>. Yes, you are.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-41" type="surname" value="BAGLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-41" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BAGLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">H R</hi> 6). On 22nd October, 1890, I took the pri
<lb/>soner on a charge of uttering at Mr. Gill's—she was taken to the station and searched, and the female searcher handed me a sixpence and four-pence, good money—she gave her name Anne Brown; she was taken before a Magistrate at "Worship Street, and there being only one utter
<lb/>ing she was discharged—when I took her she said, "I have not been to the house"; but I saw her come out, and followed her about twenty minutes, and did not lose sight of her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-42" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-42" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this shilling is counterfeit, and these two pieces are fragments of another.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence.</hi> I own I went in on the 19th with one coin, I did not know it was bad. I know nothing about the other case.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-6-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18911116 t18911116-6-punishment-6"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-7">
<interp inst="t18911116-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-7" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-18911116 t18911116-7-offence-1 t18911116-7-verdict-2"/>
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<persName id="def1-7-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18911116" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18911116" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18911116" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE COOK</hi> (56)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-7-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-7-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-18911116" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-18911116" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-18911116" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK DAVIS</hi> (31)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-7-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-7-18911116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-7-18911116" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def3-7-18911116" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def3-7-18911116" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH DAVIS</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having in their possession a mould for coining.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160010"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. K. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Cook, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for F. and S. Davis</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-46" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-46" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SCOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant G</hi>). On 13th October, about 10.15 p.m., I was with Detective Kidd and other officers, all in plain clothes, in King's Cross Road, and saw the two male prisoners outside a public-house, and we watched them; Cook handed something to Davis—I went up to them and said to Cook, "What are you loitering about here for?"—he said, "Can't a man walk along the street?"—I said, "I am a police officer"—I had got hold of him, and another officer too—he commenced to struggle—I said, "I shall arrest you for being a suspected person"—he said, "I have got nothing about me"—I felt in his pockets, but did not take any
<lb/>thing from him there—I took him to the station, searched him, and found a purse containing four sovereigns, 2s. 6d. in silver, 5 1/2 d. in bronze, all good, and a latch-key—he gave his address 16, Southampton Street, Clerkenwell—Kidd took Davis; I was present when he was searched at the station, and saw Kidd take a key from him, which he handed to me—I went with other officers to 5, Berkley Street, Battersea—I had followed Davis there the night before—I opened the door with the key found on Davis, and then knocked, and the landlady's daughter came to the door, and from what she said I went up to the first floor, and saw Sarah Davis standing outside the door, partly dressed—I said, "Are you Mrs. Davis?"—she said, "Yes"—I said, "We are police officers; your husband is charged at King's Cross with passing counterfeit coin"—she said, "O, my God! this is all old George's doing"—I said, "What rooms do you occupy?"—she said, "This"—she was standing outside the front room first floor—she turned the handle and I went in—it was a sleeping and living room, and there were cooking utensils—I found these two black bags in a cupboard, which was two or three inches open; in one bag I found thirty half-crowns, unfinished, and twenty-nine unfinished florins, and two more counterfeit half-crowns, and in the other bag two galvanic batteries—I said, "How do you account for these?"—she said, "An old man with a dark moustache brought them here"—Chandler took up a skirt which was on the bed, and said, "Is this yours, Mrs. Davis?"—she said, "Yes"—he searched the pocket, and took out a packet unopened and a note—I opened the packet, and found forty counterfeit florins, wrapped separately in tissue paper—this is the note: "Dear Mrs. Hall,—Not able to come this evening, but have sent Fred's wife; will see you to-morrow night with remaining goods.
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE</hi>"—I read it, and Sarah Davis said, "George gave me that"—she was then taken to the station—I searched further and found a quantity of plaister of Paris, five double moulds for half-crowns and florins in the same cupboard as the bags, also three clamps, twenty-six bars of solder, some ammonia, some acid, two pieces of polished board, a file, some sulphate of copper, a ladle, a spoon, some narrow strips of tissue paper, and a number of other articles—I also found some more counterfeit coin in a clock on the mantel-shelf—Sarah Davis was there when these things were found, but made no remark—on entering the station she saw the other two prisoners, and said, "That is the man I know as old George," looking towards Cook—he could hear that; he said nothing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. Cook was charged with feloniously having a mould in his possession—I found no mould on him, but he passed something to Davis about a minute before I arrested him, I did</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160011"/>
<p>not search his house—I do not know whether he lived where the two Davis's lived, I have a doubt that he did not sleep there; he was there every day—I believe the Davis's only occupied one room, and alone, I am told—I have reason to believe that Cook slept there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. This skirt was on a chair beside the bed, not hidden; she was allowed to put it on—she was only partly dressed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-47" type="surname" value="KIDD"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-47" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW KIDD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective G</hi>). I was with Scott—I took Frederick Davis, and told him the charge was, being a suspected person; he said, "All right"—I searched him at the station, and found among other things a latch-key which I handed to Scott—I also found on him two purses, one contained £1 10s. in gold and 6s. in silver, good money, and this parcel in his coat tail pocket, containing sixty florins and sixty half crowns, all counterfeit, and all separately wrapped in tissue paper—I said, "How do you account for the possession of these?"—he said, "I do not know"—Cook gave his address 60, Southampton Street; I went there and found he lived in the top back room, which I searched, but found nothing relating to this charge—I had seen Cook twice before October 13th, he was with Davis in. Gray's Inn Road, on Saturday and Monday, the 10th and 12th—Inspector Radley asked Davis at the station where he lived; he said he was a stranger in London, and slept in the Borough.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-48" type="surname" value="CHANDLER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-48" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CHANDLER</persName> </hi>. I was with Sergeant Scott and Kidd, and took part in the search—I found a woman's skirt there, and said to Sarah Davis, "Is this your skirt?"—she said, "Yes"—I said, "I am going to see what is in the pocket"—I found an envelope and a small packet—I did not open the envelope, the writing was on the outside—I gave the packet to Sergeant Scott, and saw him open it; it contained counterfeit coin—I had seen Cook on Saturday, October 10th, talking to Davis in Gray's Inn Road; and on Monday evening, the 12th, in Pentonville Road, where Cook passed a small parcel to Davis, and then they went into a public-house and stayed there five or six minutes—they came out, and I followed Davis to 5, Berkley Street, Battersea—he went in there—it was then about 12.30 p.m.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. I was about twenty yards off when the small parcel was passed—it was about 9 p.m., but there was a light—I was on the same side of the road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It was the Distillery public-house they went into—that is on the opposide of the road to, where I saw the parcel pass—the lamps were alight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-49" type="surname" value="RADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-49" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES RADLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector G</hi>). I was at King's Cross Road Station when the prisoners were there on the 13th—I heard Sarah Davis say, "That is the man I know as old George that I told you about," pointing to Cook—Scott said, "That man sitting over there?"—she said, "Yes; that is the man that brought the stuff to my house"—Cook said nothing; he was well within hearing—at the station an envelope with writing was handed to me—I showed it to her and said, "Did Cook give this to you?"—she said, "No, he did not give it to me, but he left it for me on the table"—Cook could hear that.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. I heard Davis say at the Police-court that he placed the packet in his wife's pocket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-50" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-50" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-50" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH WELLS</persName> </hi>. I live at 5, Berkley Street, Battersea Park Road;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160012"/>
<p>my mother is landlady of the house—the two Davises lodged there, and at our previous house, 17, Auckland Street, in the name of Burns, for eighteen months—they occupied the first-floor front together, at 3s. 6d. a week—the payments have been kept up—Cook came there to visit them every morning at 9.30—he was pretty regular in his hour of coming, and stayed till 6.30 or 6.45, and Davis always left with him when I was at home—I never knew him to go out without Davis—I never went into their room—it was both a living room and a sleeping room—both the Davises were out at times; they had a key, and always locked the door when they went out—I saw Davis and Cook go out together on the night of the 13th; they were a little late that night—I never heard Cook addressed by any other name by the Davises in his presence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. I do not go out every day—I was there every day except two days when I was out for my mother on business.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. The lodgers always locked their door—we had no other lodgers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-51" type="surname" value="RUTLEDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-51" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH RUTLEDGE</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at Euston Square Railway Station—on 30th June Sarah Davis came to the bar for a glass of stout and a penny bun, which came to 3d.—she gave me a counterfeit florin—I spoke to Detective Gregory, and then gave her in charge of another constable—I bit the coin, and my teeth went into it; it was very light.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. She was charged at the Police-court with uttering the coin, and the Magistrate dismissed the charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-52" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-52" type="given" value="DONALD"/>DONALD ROSE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">S</hi> 196). I took Sarah Davis on 30th June, on the charge of uttering to Miss Rutledge—she handed me the coin; it was bad—I noticed tooth-marks on it—she was remanded for eight days and discharged, that being the only uttering against her—she gave her name at the station, Sarah Flowers, a prostitute—she said she was a single woman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-53" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-53" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to the Mint—these are five double moulds for florins and half-crowns of different dates—here are 221 coins; there are 90 half-crowns and 131 florins, several of which are unfinished—the majority of them are from these moulds—they are good specimens—several of them have tissue paper between each, and they are rubbed over with lamp-black, which is rubbed off afterwards; here is also a good half-crown and a fragment of another, which have been immersed in acid and very much sweated; they appear to have been used for depositing silver on the counterfeits—here are two galvanic batteries, and a number of articles which can be used in the manufacture of coin, and the teeth sinking into a coin is an infallible test—you can draw a groove along a bad coin with your teeth, but not with a good one.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Frederick Davis's statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "All I wish to say is, all my wife did she did with my sanction; I put the packet of counterfeit coin where it was found, in her skirt. "
<hi rend="italic">Frederick Davis here stated that he was</hi>
<rs id="t18911116-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found that verdict.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOK</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH DAVIS</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-7-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-7-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-7-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK DAVIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-7-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-18911116 t18911116-7-punishment-7"/>Eight Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH DAVIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-7-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-7-18911116 t18911116-7-punishment-8"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-7-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-18911116 t18911116-7-punishment-9"/>Twelve Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160013"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, November</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-8">
<interp inst="t18911116-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-8" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18911116 t18911116-8-offence-1 t18911116-8-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-8-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18911116" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18911116" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18911116" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK HARVEY</hi> (31)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18911116-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>for the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18911116-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-55" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-55" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-55" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-8-offence-1 t18911116-name-55"/>Elizabeth Harvey</persName>; he was also charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of the same person.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended at the request of the Court</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-56" type="surname" value="HESTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-56" type="given" value="ANTHONY"/>ANTHONY HESTER</persName> </hi>. I am a bootmaker, and live at 24, St. John's Terrace, Hackney Road—I let two rooms on the first floor to the prisoner and his wife; the front room was occupied by the children, of whom there were three, the little baby was in the back room, which was occupied by the prisoner and his wife; they were not quiet people, they were rather quarrelsome, I mean they quarrelled between themselves—they were both addicted to drink—on a Saturday night, about three weeks before the 23rd October, I came home about twelve at night, my wife told me something about a disturbance upstairs; she went upstairs, and I went up shortly afterwards—I kept outside the door for some little time; when I went in I saw my wife holding the prisoner by the hand; he had a knife in his hand, something similar to this; I cannot recognise it, I noticed the blade—he called his wife a f----wh----, and said he would kill her—he said several times he would murder her—he used very bad expressions—Mrs. Harvey was very drunk—the prisoner was not drunk; he might have had a drop of drink, but not what I should call drunk—shortly after that I went into the room, and the prisoner cried out to my wife to let him go, because the knife was cutting his hand—she held him very tight—she said she would not let him go unless he would put the knife in his pocket—he seemed to become pacified a little, and he promised he would do so, and he did so, he shut up the knife and put it in his pocket—he said that his wife had a knife too, she was sitting in a chair against the wall—my wife was standing between him and the wife, or rather between the prisoner and me, his wife was next to me—I looked to see whether there was a knife, I could not see one at first, he said she had one; I looked again and there was one, a table knife under her arm, on what I should call a tie—I took it away—after that the prisoner went out—he came in shortly afterwards and was going to bed—I begged him to have no more disturbance, he said he would not, and I heard nothing more that night—on 24th October I came home about twenty minutes past twelve at night—(I don't know whether I saw him during the clay) I went into the kitchen and had supper with my wife and my two boys—shortly after that there was some little dis
<lb/>turbance overhead, which was the prisoner's bedroom—it was very slight, as if they were scuffling about, or something of that, they seemed to be going from one room to the other—shortly after the noise became louder, and all of a sudden there was a scream—I got up with the intention of running upstairs; as I was about to do so the prisoner came running down the stairs—he said, "Mr. Hester, I have done it; I have stabbed her"—I do not remember whether he said anything else at that time, or whether he showed me the knife then, or whether it was when I came downstairs—I ran upstairs, I stopped about three or four stairs from the top, the poor woman was on the landing—she only had on her chemise—she was streaming all over with blood—the landing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160014"/>
<p>was covered with blood, and ran down the stairs and down her legs, and the whole of her chemise was covered with blood—the prisoner was then at the bottom of the stairs—he was near enough to hear what his wife said—she said, "Look, Mr. Hester, what he has done; he has stabbed me"—my wife was close behind me—I told her to look after the deceased, and I called my boys to run for a doctor and the police—I then went down
<lb/>stairs—the prisoner was still there—I took him by the arms and took him out, intending to take him to the station—I said, "You silly man, whatever made you do such a thing?"—he said, "I done it to protect myself"—he gave me this knife, either then or before, and said, "Here is the knife—a policeman came, and he was taken in charge—I told the con
<lb/>stable I would give him in charge for stabbing his wife, and he said to the constable, "Yes, I did stab my wife."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner and his wife lodged with us about four months—I believe they came on 27th June—I should hardly like to say whether the wife was rather the more given to drink—she would go out and leave the children without anyone to look after them while the husband was at work—as to that I can only go by what my wife told me, as I am out on business—on the occasion of the quarrel, three weeks before this, when my wife had hold of the prisoner's hand, I could see that the knife was open, I could see the blade, and he screamed because it was cutting his hand—he was excited with dread, I should say—I could not say whether it was with drink—he was agitated; I was too much upset to take much notice of him—he said, "I give myself in charge to you."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-57" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-57" type="surname" value="HESTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-57" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH HESTER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—the prisoner and his wife lived very unhappily—about three weeks before 24th October the wife came home about twelve, or a little after, very much the worse for drink; I went up to her room when she came in—the prisoner came into the room shortly after; he had been drinking—he asked his wife where she had been—she was crying very much, and said she had been to her brother's, and then she said she had not—he asked her again where she had been, and he gave her a blow in the face with his fist, which knocked her down on the boards, and making use of bad language, he said he would kill her—he took the knife out of his pocket and opened it, and as he did so I took his hand and said, "Don't you do such a thing as that"—this is the knife—I held his hand, with the knife in it, and he said, "Mind, or you will cut my hand; leave go"—I said, "I will leave go if you will shut the knife up"—he then shut it up and put it away, and shortly after he went out—on the 24th October I saw Mrs. Harvey about half-past two in the after
<lb/>noon—she was then sober; that was before she went out to meet her husband—the prisoner came in about half-past four—he went upstairs, and then he was not drunk; he had had a little, but not anything to speak of—he asked me if I had seen his wife—I said, "No, I thought she had gone out to meet you"—he said they had met at the Bull and Pump in Shoreditch, and he gave her a drink and gave her 8s. 6d., and he saw her go into Rose's, the tea grocer's, to buy some grocery, and he said if she was not at home to have his tea when he came home he would kill her—it was not ready, she had not come home—she came home about half-past six; she brought some potatoes and vegetables—she was not sober, she had been drinking, but was not drunk, she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160015"/>
<p>knew what she was saying and doing—the prisoner was there when she came in—he asked her where she had been, she refused to tell him—he used bad talk to her, then she put her grocery and things down and caught him by the scarf on his neck and said, "I am your wife, and you are the father of my children"—then he took his pocket knife out and cut the scarf with it; that was in order to get free—at the same time he gave her a back-handed blow in the mouth, which caused it to bleed, and then he went out—she did not go out, only once to get something to eat, for a very short time, she came back again—after that she was talking with me nearly a quarter of an hour—about nine she went up
<lb/>stairs to her room—about eleven I went up, hearing one of the children cry, and I found the deceased lying on the floor with the children, fast asleep—about twenty minutes past twelve I heard the prisoner come in—as he came in he said to me, "Is she in?"—I said she was upstairs, and I believed she was in bed; he had been drinking—a few minutes afterwards I heard a sort of scuffling in the little bedroom, then it sounded as if they went from the little room into the other room, where the children were—I heard them speaking, but nothing for me to be alarmed at—the next thing I heard was he ran downstairs and said he had stabbed his wife, and he said to my husband, "I give myself into your hands, and here is the knife"—I immediately went upstairs on my husband's heels, and found the deceased in the middle room, bleeding very much from a wound in the breast—she made a statement to me—I stayed with her till the police and the doctor came—the poker was in its place in the fender.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not notice whether there was an iron out of the bedstead about the room—I believe the prisoner was a hard-working man when sober—the children were neglected when the wife stopped out—she did not make it a practice to stop out—I had only seen her very little under the influence of drink—I was present three weeks before this, when the prisoner took out the knife and opened it—directly I saw him open it I caught hold of his hand—on the 25th, when he came home at 4.30, he said, "If you don't come home I will kill you"—I have not stated that before; I did not state it before the Coroner or the Magis
<lb/>trate—I have called it to mind since—he was put out and annoyed when he said it, because his tea was not ready—on the Saturday night he had put the children to bed—she did not quarrel when she came home—it was not a push that he gave her; it was a blow in the mouth, and he meant it—the blow was given while she had hold of his scarf—he said nothing, he simply went out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. She was a big woman, but not such a powerful one—I should think he could have freed himself from her without cutting the scarf.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-58" type="surname" value="OSBORN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-58" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED OSBORN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). I made this plan; it is correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-59" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-59" type="given" value="DREWITT"/>DREWITT OLIVER</persName> </hi>. I am a divisional surgeon of police—on the early morning of 25th October, about twenty minutes past one, I was called to 24, St. John's Terrace—I there saw the deceased woman—my assistant had preceded me; I found him there—the deceased was lying on her back on the ground, with her head towards the ante-room, and her feet towards the door—she was faint and collapsed, and suffering severely from loss of blood—there was a wound in the upper part of the left breast, from which blood had flown very freely—she was lying in a largo pool of blood—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160016"/>
<p>there was another pool of blood near the door, and a third smaller pool of blood near the table in the centre of the room—we did all we could for her in the way of treatment, and when she had sufficiently rallied my assistant accompanied her to the infirmary on the ambulance—before she was removed to the infirmary she made a statement to me, which I took down from her lips in writing—before I did so she said, "Doctor, am I dying?"—I replied, "You are in a very critical condition"—she then said, "Doctor, I know I am dying"—I then said, "How did it happen?"—she was faint, but conscious—she was not rambling in her mind at all.
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I could not say positively that she was dying at the time—I thought most likely she would die—I thought if she died at all it would probably be within a few hours—I thought it was just possible she might live, but very improbable—I had not spoken to her before she put the question, "Am I dying?"—I had been with her about ten minutes—she uttered those words in a some
<lb/>what feeble tone; she appeared to realise her serious condition—I should not like to say that she really thought she was at the point of death.</p>
<hi rend="italic">After some argument and a reference to the case of Reg.</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Hubbard</hi>, 14
<hi rend="italic">Cox, Reg.</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Jenkins, and Reg.</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Morby, Sessions Paper. vol.</hi> 95,
<hi rend="italic">p</hi>. 545,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE HAWKINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">admitted the evidence, which was read as follows</hi>: "I got out of bed to come in here; he threatened me with a knife three times in the little room while I was in bed; but he did not "strike me while in bed. When I came in here to the children he came straight up to me and stabbed me in the breast."—Mr. Hester gave me the knife that has been produced—the wound must have been caused by a great deal of force.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-60" type="surname" value="FORBES"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-60" type="given" value="DONALD M'KAY"/>DONALD M'KAY FORBES</persName> </hi>. I am medical superintendent of the Shore
<lb/>ditch Infirmary—on 25th October, about three in the morning, the deceased was admitted into the infirmary, suffering from a punctured wound in the left side of the breast; there had been considerable hemorrhage, but it had stopped for the time—about one in the afternoon it broke out again, and she died at twenty minutes past three on the Sunday afternoon—when I first saw her there was a very remote chance for her, the only chance was if the bleeding did not recur, that is a very critical matter, depending on the least movements of the patient—the hemorrhage was the direct cause of death—I made a post-mortem ex
<lb/>amination—the direction of the wound was slightly upwards, backwards and outwards, a little over two inches deep; there were recent bruises on the outside of the right arm, and on the inside there was an abrasion on the right knuckle, outside—on the corner of the upper lip on the right side of the face there was a recent bruise—she was about four months' pregnant.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Being intemperate would make it more likely she would sink from the attack—hemorrhage will kill the most sober person equally well as a drunkard.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-61" type="surname" value="HASKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-61" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HASKETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 272). About twenty minutes to one on the morning of 24th October Mr. Hester gave the prisoner into my charge; he said, "This man has stabbed his wife"—the prisoner replied, "Yes, I have stabbed my wife"—on the way to the station he said, "I gave my wife 8s. 6d. in the Bull and Pump public-house, Shoreditch, to go and buy the children some food, and when I came home I found she had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160017"/>
<hi rend="italic">bloomed</hi> the lot; I said, "What have you done with the money that I gave you?"—she said, "I have----it"—she took the iron off the bed to strike me with, and caught me by the scarf, I had to cut the scarf with my knife to get free from her, I went out to save a row, and when I came home again and was sharpening my pencil to make up my work, my wife took the poker to strike me on the head, and I struck her with the knife, and when I saw the blood I cave myself up to my landlord; I am very sorry; I gave the knife to my landlord"—I found a short piece of pencil on him, the inspector has it; it appeared rather fresh at the time; this is it; it appears similar to what it was when I found it on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-62" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-62" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK LEONARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector G</hi>). The prisoner was brought to the station by the last witness, and was charged with cutting and wounding his wife—he said, "I never wilfully. did it; she would have battered my brains in with the poker if I had not defended myself"—at half-past four that afternoon I received news that the woman was dead, and he was then charged with her murder—then he said, "She would have smashed my brains in; I had my knife in my right hand cleaning out my pipe; we had some words; she made an attempt to get hold of the paraffin lamp, I stopped her; she then got hold of the poker and said, 'I will strike you you s----'"—when he was brought to the station he had been drinking, but was sober, and understood perfectly well what he said—about a quarter to two in the early morning of the 25th I went to the house—I examined the bedstead, it was an iron one, the top rail was missing; I found it in the kitchen, their front room, standing between the fireplace and the window—I saw this other pencil picked up by Sergeant Osborn from the fireplace; it had been newly sharpened—I found this pipe behind an "ornament on the chimneypiece—it had not been recently cleaned out; ashes and some tobacco was in it still—he was searched at the station; no pipe was found on him—I saw poker in the fireplace in the front room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The pencil was found in the kitchen, where the two children slept.</p>
<rs id="t18911116-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of Manslaughter</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-8-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18911116 t18911116-8-punishment-10"/>Twenty Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, November</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th, and Wednesday, November</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-9">
<interp inst="t18911116-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-9" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-18911116 t18911116-9-offence-1 t18911116-9-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-9-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18911116" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18911116" type="surname" value="BURST"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18911116" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED BURST</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing ten letters, each containing twelve penny postage stamps, the property of
<persName id="t18911116-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-64" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-9-offence-1 t18911116-name-64"/>H. M. Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-9-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-18911116 t18911116-9-punishment-11"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-10">
<interp inst="t18911116-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-10" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18911116 t18911116-10-offence-1 t18911116-10-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18911116" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18911116" type="surname" value="TOMKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18911116" type="given" value="RICHARD HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD HENRY TOMKINS</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing post letters containing postal orders and stamps, the property of
<persName id="t18911116-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-66" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-10-offence-1 t18911116-name-66"/>H.M. Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-10-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-10-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-10-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18911116 t18911116-10-punishment-12"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911116-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-11">
<interp inst="t18911116-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-11" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18911116 t18911116-11-offence-1 t18911116-11-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-11-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18911116" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18911116" type="surname" value="SIDWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18911116" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SIDWELL</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing a post-packet, the property of
<persName id="t18911116-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-68" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-11-offence-1 t18911116-name-68"/>H.M. Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-11-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18911116 t18911116-11-punishment-13"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911116-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-12">
<interp inst="t18911116-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-12" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-18911116 t18911116-12-offence-1 t18911116-12-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-12-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18911116" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18911116" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18911116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HART</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to two indictments for forging and utter
<lb/>ing receipts for the payment of money, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-12-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-18911116 t18911116-12-punishment-14"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911116-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-13">
<interp inst="t18911116-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-13" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-18911116 t18911116-13-offence-1 t18911116-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18911116" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18911116" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18911116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN NASH</hi> ** (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a watch and chain of
<persName id="t18911116-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-71" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-71" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-13-offence-1 t18911116-name-71"/>William Richards</persName>, from his person, having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell on 6th April, 1891.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-13-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-18911116 t18911116-13-punishment-15"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911116-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-14">
<interp inst="t18911116-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-14" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18911116 t18911116-14-offence-1 t18911116-14-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-14-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18911116 t18911116-14-offence-2 t18911116-14-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-14-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18911116 t18911116-14-offence-3 t18911116-14-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-14-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18911116 t18911116-14-offence-4 t18911116-14-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-14-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18911116 t18911116-14-offence-5 t18911116-14-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-14-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18911116 t18911116-14-offence-6 t18911116-14-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-14-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18911116" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18911116" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18911116" type="given" value="THOMAS MORTON SCOTT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS MORTON SCOTT JONES</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, to feloniously demand
<lb/>ing £150;</rs>
<rs id="t18911116-14-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to attempting to obtain £150 by false pretences; </rs>
<rs id="t18911116-14-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to forging and uttering a request for the payment of £150;</rs>
<rs id="t18911116-14-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to attempt
<lb/>ing to obtain £100 by false pretences;</rs>
<rs id="t18911116-14-offence-5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-5" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to endeavouring to obtain the same by a forged instrument;</rs>
<rs id="t18911116-14-offence-6" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-6" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-14-offence-6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to attempting to obtain an order for the payment of £100 from the
<persName id="t18911116-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-73" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-14-offence-6 t18911116-name-73"/>
<hi rend="italic">Answers</hi> Co</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-14-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-14-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-14-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18911116 t18911116-14-punishment-16"/>One Month's Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911116-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-15">
<interp inst="t18911116-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-15" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-18911116 t18911116-15-offence-1 t18911116-15-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160018"/>
<persName id="def1-15-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18911116" type="surname" value="WOOLF"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18911116" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAURICE WOOLF</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911116-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully making a false declaration. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.—
<rs id="t18911116-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-15-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-18911116 t18911116-15-punishment-17"/>Three Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911116-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-16">
<interp inst="t18911116-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-16" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18911116 t18911116-16-offence-1 t18911116-16-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-16-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18911116 t18911116-16-offence-2 t18911116-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18911116" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18911116" type="surname" value="CHICHESTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18911116" type="given" value="CLEMENT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLEMENT CHICHESTER</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, To forging and uttering a receipt for the delivery of biscuits, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t18911116-16-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-16-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-16-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a quantity of biscuits, value 6s., the property of
<persName id="t18911116-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-76" type="surname" value="MAXTED"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-76" type="given" value="AMEDEE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-16-offence-2 t18911116-name-76"/>Amedee Maxted</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-16-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18911116 t18911116-16-punishment-18"/>Three Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And
<rs id="t18911116-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-17">
<interp inst="t18911116-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-17" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-18911116 t18911116-17-offence-1 t18911116-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-17-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-18911116 t18911116-17-offence-1 t18911116-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-17-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-18911116 t18911116-17-offence-2 t18911116-17-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-17-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-18911116 t18911116-17-offence-2 t18911116-17-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-17-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-18911116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18911116" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18911116" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18911116" type="given" value="ELIZABETH JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH JANE TURNER</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-17-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-17-18911116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-18911116" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-18911116" type="surname" value="GLOVER"/>
<interp inst="def2-17-18911116" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUISA GLOVER</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing a quilt and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t18911116-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-79" type="surname" value="JAMESON"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-79" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-17-offence-1 t18911116-name-79"/>William Jameson</persName>, her master;</rs>
<rs id="t18911116-17-offence-" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-17-offence-" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-17-offence-" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a book, the goods of
<persName id="t18911116-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-80" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-80" type="surname" value="GATES"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-80" type="given" value="EDITH MAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-17-offence- t18911116-name-80"/>Edith Maud Gates</persName>,</rs> Glover having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell, on May 4th, 1891.
<hi rend="largeCaps">TURNER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-17-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-18911116 t18911116-17-punishment-19"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GLOVER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-17-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-17-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-17-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-17-18911116 t18911116-17-punishment-20"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911116-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-18">
<interp inst="t18911116-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-18" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-18911116 t18911116-18-offence-1 t18911116-18-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-18-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18911116" type="surname" value="HEIDENREECH"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18911116" type="given" value="SAMUEL BEHRENS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL BEHRENS HEIDENREECH</hi> </persName> was indicted (with
<persName id="t18911116-name-82">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-82" type="surname" value="BROSKI"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-82" type="given" value="LIBI"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LIBI BROSKI</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911116-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, not in custody) for unlawfully obtaining 480 watchesfalse pretences,</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. C. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BURNEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-83" type="surname" value="COLOMB"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-83" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COLOMB</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Stauffer, Sons and Co., watch manufacturers, of 15, Charterhouse Street—I know a man named Broske—I saw him first in June; he came alone, and wanted to see some watches—I showed him some, he took a note of the price, and asked what terms I would give him—I said that depended on the references, but generally we preferred cash—he said he would call again—he came again, not alone, but I do not know who was with him—he gave me as references Messrs. Venables Brothers, and Hudson and Towell—he came again alone, and we told him we had taken the inquiries of his references and would give him some credit—he showed me invoices to show that he was dealing in watches—he called again, still in June, to select the watches, and the prisoner was with him—he said, "This is a friend who comes with me to help me select the goods"—I showed them some watches; they said that the price was too high—Broski asked whether we had any job lots; I showed him some, and he gave an order for about £350 worth—we agreed to take one-third in cash, one-sixth in thirty days, a fourth in ninety days, and a fourth in four months—the prisoner was present during the whole of the interview—I after
<lb/>wards went with the goods, and was paid one third by a cheque for £97 10s. by some man at Broski's address—I took £2 10s. dis
<lb/>count off, and received these bills (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) dated June 19th—the cheque was paid into the bank next day and came back the same day—on Monday, the 22nd, I was on my way to Broski's place and met him—I asked him why the cheque had not been paid—he said it was owing to some mistake in the signature, and gave me a £100 note, which I handed over the counter to the bank manager, and he gave me the change and the cheque—Broski frequently called afterwards for watches, but I put him off, and did not give him any more—the first bill was for £76, and came due on 22nd July—it was presented and met; and on the same day Broski and the prisoner called</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160019"/>
<p>again and wanted more goods on credit—I said, "There is still £175 coming due, and I do not think we should like to increase the credit"—they said that a bill had just been met—Broski afterwards showed me the contract (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) with the Waterbury Watch Co., but the prisoner was not present then—I asked Broski where the goods went—he said part of them he sold on weekly instalments, and others he had shipped to Roumania—we agreed to let him have a little more credit, not over £200; one-third in cash, one-third at one month, and the rest at two months—the goods were delivered—on 27th July I received this cheque for £53 4s.; he asked me not to present it that day—we presented it next day, and it was returned unpaid—we then went to his place, but did not see him—I did not see him again, and did not see the prisoner again till he was in custody—I received this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) on 30th July; it is from Broski, asking for a lady's gold watch—I did not supply it—altogether the amount of goods obtained by Broski is about £550, of which £174 has been paid—there is a further bill for goods obtained between the two transactions.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They came once or twice together before we decided to let Broski have the watches—I looked to Broski for payment—I
<hi rend="italic">could</hi> understand what he said; I spoke English to him—I understood that the prisoner was there to help him select the watches, because Broski did not know about watches, and not to help him in his English—I took the first lot of watches, and Solomon Levy, a witness for the prosecution, gave me the cheque—he did not say that he was Broski's son; but I asked for Mr. Broski, and he said, "My father is out, but he left me to settle everything"—the prisoner was not there when Broski showed me the contract of the Waterbury Company, and I agreed to let him have the two lots of goods—after the last cheque was returned I went to Broski's place in the Commercial Road, and there saw Levy, who I had seen before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Broski was a tailor, and we could not make out how he should have anything to do with watches to such an extent—I did not take any notice of the references, but the invoices from other watch-makers gave me confidence; it proved that he had a market for witches—the prisoner was there then; but I don't believe he came after he selected the second lot; that was a few days before the production of the contract, within a week.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>. When we saw he meant business, then we went to the references.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I said, "You are a tailor; why do you want so many watches?" he said, "You cannot judge by appearances; I do not look up to much, but I have a market for watches"—his answers satisfied me; the Waterbury contract was afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-84" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-84" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK DAY</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Wheeler Brothers, clock merchants, ✗Tudor Street, Blackfriars—about July 10th or 11th I first saw Broski with a man named Palmer—he wanted to do business with me, and gave me as references Venables and Hudson and Towell—he bought woollen goods on the 11th to the amount of £188—he was to pay half cash and the balance in one or two months—they were to be sent to 231, Com
<lb/>mercial Road; I went there on the 13th, and later in the day I saw Levy, I think it was—he gave me this cheque for £91 10s., and some bills which Broski accepted; he was there—I paid the cheque into the bank,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160020"/>
<p>and it was returned dishonoured on 14th July—I went to see Broski that day—he said that the cheque had been presented at the bankers too soon, and it must be re-presented; it was presented again and returned on 16th July—I went with it that day to the Commercial Road, and saw the prisoner behind the counter in his shirt sleeves—Broski was not there—I paid I had called respecting a cheque for £91 10s. which was dishonoured—he said, "Oh, I know all about that; Broski has been out all day trying to collect money, and has been unsuccessful; there is nothing to fear; he is perfectly safe, and you are sure to receive your money in a day or two"—I said, "That will not satisfy me, I must see Broski; I am instructed not to leave without the money"—the prisoner went into a side room, and Broski came out and said something to the prisoner in a foreign language; he then went into the back room again, and came out with a letter and handed it to the prisoner, who read it and gave it to me—this is it: "231, Commercial Road. I am very much engaged to-day; will see you without fail to-morrow at 9.30, and arrange matters.—Per L.
<hi rend="smallCaps">BROSKI</hi>, L. B."—next day Broski and the prisoner called at my place—the prisoner said, "Broski is an ignorant man, and I have come to explain the matter; I am a friend of hi*, and have known him a number pf years; I know him to be a straightforward man and perfectly safe; the money for your cheque will be paid in a day or two"—they left a bill for £148 18s. as security for the cheque, but they both said that they wanted the balance between the cheque and the bill, in goods—I told them I did not see my way to doing that under the circumstances, and they left—I wrote and telegraphed to Broski after that, and received in reply a telegram and this letter, in the same hand as the last: "Gentlemen,—I promised to call on you yesterday, but was not successful in receiving the money, and must ask you to give me a further extension of time till Monday next"—I have never received a farthing—on 29th July I went again, but did not see Broski; I never saw him again, nor did I see the prisoner till he was in custody—Broski showed me some money when I went to get the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot say how much he showed me; there were notes—when I went on 29th July I saw Solomon Levy—it was Broski who paid the bill for £148 18s. as security for the cheque—we trusted Broski, the transactions were with him from beginning to end—the prisoner acted more as interpreter than anything else—Broski spoke English imperfectly, but he could be understood—Palmer did not come to interpret on the first occasion, he introduced Broski—I have called on Palmer in Aldgate—he has never been arrested.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I went there I saw the prisoner in his shirt sleeves, and he gave me this assurance about Broski; I believed him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-85" type="surname" value="PINDER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-85" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>WILLIAM EDWARD PINDER</persName> </hi>. I am secretary to the Waterbury Watch Company, Snow Hill—on 10th July the prisoner and Broski called to inquire our export terms for watches; the prisoner spoke, and explained that he came to interpret for Broski, as he spoke English very badly—I did not have his name, but I had Broski's card—Broski understood all that was said, and if he wanted to say anything he did so—the prisoner asked if we would give him credit; I said that our terms were cash; they said if we gave them good references would we give them Some credit; I said if the references were satisfactory we might, but we</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160021"/>
<p>could only supply goods to those parts of the world where we had as agents—they mentioned Roumania, Bulgaria and Servia, and said they were going to export there—I said we were open for those countries—the prisoner said that Broski was a man of considerable means, and had property in Odessa, and was doing a considerable business in watches a large export trade, and produced a number of invoices up to £600 or £700—they gave the names of Venables Brothers, and Hudson and Towell, as references—I said I would make inquiries, and if the references were satisfactory I would write further, and they left—I wrote a letter the same night, in consequence of which they called next day, July 11th, and I introduced them to Mr. Rankin, the manager of the company, who showed them samples of watches—I said that if they were supplied with watches they must sign a contract to ship to those countries; but it was understood that Broski was the man who was buying—our offer was accepted on those terms, and the prisoner selected the watches—they were delivered at 231, Commercial Road, the address given by Broski—I was cognisant of the subsequent proceedings, but the negotia
<lb/>tions were conducted by Mr. Palmer—after parting with the goods on July 5th I had no notion of their being sold outright to the prisoner in England, it was directly contrary to the agreement—that applies to all the parcels—I had no notion that the consignment I sold was sold within a quarter of its value within forty-eight hours, but I discovered it through Mr. Freeman, who purchased some of them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My contract was with Broski exclusively; I did not know the prisoner's name or address; I considered that he was acting as Broski'8 mouthpiece or interpreter—I had sent somebody to see the refer
<lb/>ences—about July 28th I found out that the goods were sold in Hatton Garden, and issued a writ against Broski for damages, for the breach of his agreement not to sell the watches in this country, but found that Broski had disappeared—I afterwards applied before Mr. Dickenson for a warrant against the prisoner, but it was held over, and subsequently Mr. Montagu Williams granted a warrant—Mr. Gill was present, but he left the Court, I believe, thinking the case was not coming on, and the solicitor asked that it might be allowed to stand over, which was allowed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> In the first instance I was inclined to treat the matter as a breach of contract, we had no suspicion that there was any fraud—Broski has absconded—I believed the prisoner's statement, or Broski would not have had the goods.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It was Solomon Levy who gave me the information; he was called as a witness before the Magistrate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-86" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-86" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ROSS</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of the Waterbury Watch Com
<lb/>pany—on 4th July I delivered four cases of their watches at 231, Com
<lb/>mercial Road; Broski signed the receipt—they were the watches contained in the invoice of July 14.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-87" type="surname" value="RANKEN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-87" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY RANKEN</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Waterbury Watch Company—on 11th July the prisoner and Broski called, and Mr. Pinder introduced them to me—the prisoner said in Broski's hearing that Broski was dealing largely in watches, exporting them to the Balkan States, and that he had relations in Odessa—they asked for samples, and the prisoner selected 408 watches, value £254 14s.—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160022"/>
<p>is the memorandum—it states, "To be divided in two equal parcels"—the prisoner said that they were going to two different parts, and I believed it—the prisoner said that as the money was coming from abroad it would be necessary to have at least two months' credit—I believed that, and agreed to divide the amount into two bills, half at one month and half at two months—the prisoner said that; Broski was a perfectly responsible man, and had property at Odessa, and could also do business there—the contract was to be signed on con
<lb/>dition that they were to be exported to the Balkan States; Broski signed it, and they left—the goods were sent to the Commercial Road on July 15th, with an invoice of July 14th, on the terms of the contract, that they were to be exported abroad; I had no notion that they were to be transferred to the prisoner, to be disposed of as he pleased, or we should never have parted with them—on 17th July Broski came again and said that if he could secure the whole agency of a place he named, he was willing to bind himself to take £5,000 worth of watches in twelve months, and that he had sent the goods already delivered abroad; I believed his statement—I had another contract drawn up, which he signed, in which he agreed to take £5,000 worth of watches in twelve months, on condition of our appointing him sole agent in Bulgaria and Roumelia—he said he wanted some samples for Odessa, and selected samples for Roumania price £9 19s. 6d.—he came again on the 21st, and gave another order for goods amounting to £114 1s. 6d., on the same terms—I had no notion that those goods were being passed away to the prisoner—on 22nd July he came again, and complained that three dozen watches had not been delivered which he had ordered—I sent them, they amounted to £37 7s., and were supplied on the terms of the contract—I had no notion of their being pledged within ten days—on 24th July he called again, and proposed a further supply, value £200; he was £400 in my debt then, and I was unwilling to increase the amount above £500—I told him some cash must be forthcoming, or I should have to submit the matter to my directors, and I dictated a letter to him, stating that there must be some cash before I parted with more goods—he came on 25th July, and said that the goods were to go to Roumania that night, and he should be seriously compromised unless we sent them that night, and he would give us £100 in cash on delivery, for which we would allow him 5 per cent., and he would give us a further order for £600 or £700 the following Wednesday—I believed that statement, and had the goods sent to him by Mr. Elliott, who brought back a cheque for £95, which we paid to our bankers on Monday, the 27th—it is dated the 27th, it was not returned to us—it came to my knowledge on 28th July that the goods had been sold to Mr. Freeman, of Hatton Garden, at about one-third their invoice value—as I was going to Mr. Freeman's office I met Broski, and asked him to wait till I re
<lb/>turned, and then accused him of disposing of the watches in this country; he denied it, and said he had entrusted them to a man at Dalston, whose address he could not give, though he could go to his house, who was to take thorn to Roumania; and he thought he had robbed him, and he should lose £200; he would produce shipping receipts for the previous parcels on the following day at 10.30—he did not keep the appointment, but he wired us that he would come at 12.30,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160023"/>
<p>but did not, and I never saw him again—a writ was issued, but sub
<lb/>sequent information was forthcoming, and we preferred this charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The only occasion I saw the prisoner was 11th July, but I did not know his name and address; the agreement was with Broski—I looked on what he said as the representative of Broski—the next time Broski came alone, I had communicated with the references, and it was in consequence of their being satisfactory that I parted with the goods, and also the representation as to the part they were going to.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> If I had believed the goods were going to be disposed of in England by Broski to the prisoner, I would not have parted with them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-88" type="surname" value="CHANT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-88" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST CHANT</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of the Waterbury Watch Com
<lb/>pany—on 17th July I took a parcel of one case of watches, and on 21st July another parcel, two cases, and delivered them at 231, Commercial Road to Broski—I think he signed the first time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-89" type="surname" value="FLYNN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-89" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FLYNN</persName> </hi>. On 23rd July I was in the employ of the Waterbury Watch Company, and delivered a parcel at 231, Commercial Road, addressed to Broski—they were signed for on the premises.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-90" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-90" type="given" value="HUGH"/>HUGH ELLIOTT</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of the Waterbury Watch Company—on 25th July I delivered two cases of watches to L. Broski, 231, Commercial Road—Broski received them, and gave me a cheque for £95.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-91" type="surname" value="WARNER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-91" type="given" value="HUGO"/>HUGO WARNER</persName> </hi>. I have been manager of the Whitby Jet Association, 17, Hatton Garden, four or five years—my brother Emanuel is the secretary, and my brother Richard is a director—on 27th July we bought 360 watches of the Waterbury Company for £100 net, and 206 watches, 288 medals at 6s., £86 8s.; 36 at 9s. 4d., £16 16s.; and 36 more at 9s. 4d., £16 16s.—I was present when they were sold, and saw the samples—I did not buy the watches—Mr. Barnard came to my office and asked if I wanted to buy some watches—I said we deal in jewellery, but I have a neighbour, Mr. Freeman, who might buy them; he went there, Mr. Freeman gave him an order, and I asked him for my commission, and received it—the watches were bought for £100, and sold for £105 17s.—I had no notion that those very watches had been invoiced the same day at £150—they were bought by a man named Barnard, who is not here; I saw him two or three days ago—I have known him twenty-five years—he is about forty years old—he brought no invoice with him, he simply brought a pattern—I did not ask where he got them—he made out this invoice (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I made no inquiry where he got them—I understood he was an agent, or I should not have entertained the matter—Sidney Morris Benjamin was present.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-92" type="surname" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-92" type="given" value="SIDNEY MORRIS"/>SIDNEY MORRIS BENJAMIN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk of the Whitby Jet Associa
<lb/>tion—I was present on 27th July when these goods were offered—I entered the transaction in the books, "By goods £120, discount 12 1/2, commission £5, £100 given"—the commission was to Freeman, who is a neighbour—he bought them the same day—I was called before the Magistrates, and so was Mr. Warner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-93" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-93" type="given" value="HENRY CHARLES"/>HENRY CHARLES FREEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a watch importer and silversmith, of 31, Hatton Garden—on 27th July I bought some watches of the Whitby Jet Association, Hatton Garden, and paid £105 17s. for them—this is the invoice—I saw Mr. Rankin next day—I did not show him the watches—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160024"/>
<p>he saw them at my place the same day—I called to see if he would buy. them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">H. RANKIN</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). On 28th July I saw a number of watches at Mr. Freeman's—I recognised 288 nickel watches which I had sold to Broski at 7s. 6d. and 12s. on 25th July; there were two parcels each of thirty-six silver watches—I did not look at all the others, as they were in cases, but I believe they were brought to my premises.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-94" type="surname" value="HOLE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-94" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HOLE</persName> </hi>. I am a postman, of 5, Appleby Road, Dalston—I have had to deliver letters at 5, Ashwin Street, Dalston, for eight years in two different names, Heidenreech and Barnard—I have seen the prisoner there and Barnard also.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-95" type="surname" value="VENABLES"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-95" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN VENABLES</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of J. and R. Venables, woollen merchants, of 34, Aldgate—I have known Broski as a tailor a great many years, and supplied him with goods—I did not know the prisoner before I saw him in Court—Broski told me he was going to apply for some watches, and asked me to give him a reference to the Waterbury Watch Company—I have not seen Broski since the first or second week in July—he owed us about £100 when he left; we have cheques for that amount which have not been paid—a great many of his cheques have been dishonoured, that began about twelve months back.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Broski has done business with us eight or nine years to the extent of about £2,000 a year—when the cheques were dishonoured we very seldom had to send them to the bank again; he would come in
<hi rend="italic">two</hi> or three days and say, "I am very sorry that cheque was dis
<lb/>honoured, here is the money for it"—this was not giving credit, it was merely holding the cheques over—I believed Broski to be a straight
<lb/>forward man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> We have other cheques of his in our hands which are dishonoured; but the reference we gave was this, we had done a very large business with him for many years, but we had not had cash down—we did not say that we had a cheque of his for £20 which was dishonoured; we were not asked that question.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-96" type="surname" value="CRISSFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-96" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER CRISSFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am warehouseman to Hudson and Towell—I was in Messrs. Venables' employ two years, when I became acquainted with Broski—when he left he owed my present firm £600 of a debt of £1,600; he had paid off £1,000—I received cheques and bills of Broski's; they were returned if notice was given that he could not meet a cheque;—he may have given us such notice twelve times in twelve months—the £600 represents bills, not cheques.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-97" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-97" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KING</persName> </hi>. I keep the Coach and Horses, Minories—in July the prisoner, Broski, and Levy came there together—they went upstairs on two or three occasions; and while upstairs I heard high words between the prisoner and Broski, and stood on the staircase and called out, "I won't allow any words in my place"; they did not desist, and I went into the room and told them I would not allow it—there were pens and ink on the mantelpiece, but they were not writing—Levy was not with them, but he afterwards came to the bar and I served him—that officer (Pearce) afterwards came to me but I made no statement to him—he asked me whether they were writing, and I said that they might have been—I did not say that I saw them writing, but I did not know what—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160025"/>
<p>I heard the prisoner call Broski a scoundrel, and say, "You have robbed me."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-98" type="surname" value="PELLATT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-98" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK PELLATT</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier in the London and Suburban Bank, Leadenhall Street—Mr. Broski opened an account there on, I believe, 22nd May, 1891—there was a payment of £37 to credit, and payments continued to be made into the account down to July 31st—on 10th July the credit balance was £2 3s. 4d.—on 18th July £79 15s. was paid in, which assisted to meet a bill of Stafford's of £76, and on 22nd July the credit balance was £6 1s. 3d., which was reduced on the 24th by £2 1s. 3d., and on the 31st it was reduced to 1s. 3d., and the account was closed—the total amount of credit from the opening was £1,250 roughly—on June 9th I find a bill dishonoured, Nodman £41 15s., and on 10th June, Mr. Venables £20—three bills of Nodman were dishonoured on June 10th for about £200, and Mr. Stauffer's bill £79 10s.; then Nodman again, and then Venables £20; Wheeler Brothers, 14th July, cheque dishonoured for £19 10s.; 15th July Venables £27, 16th July Wheeler cheque, re-presented, and so on—on 28th July Broski called at the bank about a cheque in favour of the Waterbury Watch Company, which was returned marked "Refer to drawer"—I believe the Waterbury Watch Company sent to ask whether it was met; I do not know what happened to it, we have no further record than the first occasion, and I presume it was not presented a second time—I do not know how it was taken up.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Cheques were presented when there was not sufficient to meet them, but very often Mr. Broski would come and say, "Is such and such a cheque in?" and we said, "No, we have returned it," and he would say, "I will go and pick it up"—that might have happened with most of these cheques—a number of cheques were paid to Nodman, 23rd May, £100; 3rd June, £28 11s.; 16th June, £66 10s.; 22nd June, £66 0s. 6d.; 26th June, £40; 10th July, £48 14s.—on 22nd May, £37 was paid in in cash, on 28th May, £30 in cash and notes; on 11th June, £123 10s. in cash; on 22nd June, £67 in cash, and on 30th June, £70 in cash.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>: I don't remember Broski coming and saying he would take up the £90 cheque—there is no appearance in the banking account of the paying in of £119 on 21st July.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-99" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-99" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of William Durham, of 303, Commercial Road—I know Broski; on 28th July he pawned with me thirty-six Waterbury silver watches for £20—he redeemed them the following day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-100" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-100" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H</hi>). On 19th August I arrested the prisoner at 5, Ashwin Street, Dalston, on a warrant; I read the warrant to him—he said, "That is quite right; I admit having had the watches.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-101" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-101" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT PEARCE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant H</hi>). I searched the prisoner's room at Dalston, and found a number of documents; one was an agreement dated July 13, between himself and Broski. (
<hi rend="italic">Broski undertaking to supply the prisoner with watches of the Waterbury Company, which the prisoner was to sell abroad, and render an account every six months, Broski to receive one third, and the prisoner two-thirds of the profits</hi>.)—I saw the prisoner write on the morning of his arrest, and to the best of my belief that agreement is in his writing—I found on him a certificate of his discharge in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160026"/>
<p>bankruptcy to date from January 9th, 1891; also these three invoices, dated July 13th, 21st, and 27th—the first is stamped, and marked "Received by bill at four months"; the others purport to be received by cash in full—I also found some books, in which the name of Bernard is mentioned more than once—I saw a man, who I believe to be Bernard, once at Hatton Garden; I have tried daily to serve him with a subpœna, but have been unable to find him—I found a Waterbury watch in a ward
<lb/>robe in the prisoner's bedroom, and said, "Here is a Waterbury watch"—he said, "Yes, that is one of them"—I said, "Can you assist us in the recovery of the remainder?"—he said, "No; for I have sold them all"—the witness King made a statement to me in answer to my questions.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-102" type="surname" value="HOLE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-102" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HOLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Bernard is an old man, between sixty and seventy—I have seen a man named Benids there, about twenty-six or twenty-seven years old.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-103" type="surname" value="PELLATT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-103" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK PELLATT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examind</hi>). We do not appear to have a complete record of the dishonoured bills and notes; but we had cheques presented for £1,880, which is considerably more than was paid in in cheques, and bills between June 4th and August 26th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot give you any idea of the portion taken up because they wore taken up by Mr. Broski behind my back; that was a frequent occurrence.</p>
<rs id="t18911116-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi></rs>
<rs id="t18911116-18-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-18-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-18-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-18911116 t18911116-18-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, November</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18911116-19" type="date" value="18911116"/>
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<persName id="def1-19-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18911116" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18911116" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18911116" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILSON</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to two indictments for forging and uttering orders for the payment of £20 and £10.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-19-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-19-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-19-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-18911116 t18911116-19-punishment-22"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18911116-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-20" type="date" value="18911116"/>
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<interp inst="def1-20-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18911116" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18911116" type="surname" value="HARMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18911116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HARMER</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18911116-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-106" type="surname" value="COWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-106" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-20-offence-1 t18911116-name-106"/>Edwin Cowley</persName>, and stealing a bicycle, his goods;</rs>
<rs id="t18911116-20-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-20-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-20-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t18911116-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-107" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-107" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-20-offence-2 t18911116-name-107"/>James Richards</persName> and stealing a tricycle, his goods;</rs> and to a conviction of felony in October, 1890.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-20-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-20-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-20-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18911116 t18911116-20-punishment-23"/>Twelve Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911116-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-21-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18911116" type="surname" value="MONTAGU"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18911116" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD MONTAGU</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911116-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling 7s. 10d., 5s. 6d., and 6s. 9d. received by him for and on account of
<persName id="t18911116-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-109" type="surname" value="LOOMES"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-109" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-21-offence-1 t18911116-name-109"/>Henry Loomes</persName>, his master;</rs>
<rs id="t18911116-21-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-21-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-21-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to another indictment for embezzling other sums.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-21-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-21-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-21-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-18911116 t18911116-21-punishment-24"/>Discharged on recognisances</rs> </hi>. And
<rs id="t18911116-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-22">
<interp inst="t18911116-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-22" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18911116 t18911116-22-offence-1 t18911116-22-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-22-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18911116 t18911116-22-offence-2 t18911116-22-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-22-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18911116" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18911116" type="surname" value="DESMARIAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18911116" type="given" value="HENRY ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY ERNEST DESMARIAS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging a letter of credit for the payment of £5,000;</rs>
<rs id="t18911116-22-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-22-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-22-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a lithographed form of a letter of credit, the property of his masters, the directors of the
<persName id="t18911116-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-111" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-22-offence-2 t18911116-name-111"/>New Oriental Banking Corporation</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t18911116-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18911116-22-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-22-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-22-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18911116 t18911116-22-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">For cases tried in this Court this day, see Surrey cases</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, November</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-23">
<interp inst="t18911116-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-23" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18911116 t18911116-23-offence-1 t18911116-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-23-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18911116 t18911116-23-offence-2 t18911116-23-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-23-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-18911116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18911116" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18911116" type="surname" value="HOLLOCKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18911116" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN HOLLOCKS</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/>, Feloniously attempting to kill and murder her new-born child.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FORREST FULTON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence on this indictment</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>
<rs id="t18911116-23-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-23-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-23-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-23-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-23-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-23-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>to unlawfully en
<lb/>deavouring to conceal the birth of the said child</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-23-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-23-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-23-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18911116 t18911116-23-punishment-26"/>Discharged on her own recog
<lb/>nisance</rs> </hi>,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160027"/>
<hi rend="italic">to appear for judgment if called upon, a lady undertaking to take charge of her and place her in a Home</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">For the case of</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AGNES AMY WOOD</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">tried this day, see Kent cases</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, November</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-24">
<interp inst="t18911116-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-24" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-18911116 t18911116-24-offence-1 t18911116-24-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-24-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-18911116 t18911116-24-offence-1 t18911116-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18911116" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18911116" type="surname" value="MCCLINCHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18911116" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK McCLINCHY</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-24-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-24-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-18911116" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-18911116" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def2-24-18911116" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WRIGHT</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a counterfeit half-crown, having a counterfeit florin in their possession at the time. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McCLINCHY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-115" type="surname" value="OFFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-115" type="given" value="CHARLES THOMAS"/>CHARLES THOMAS OFFORD</persName> </hi>. I am the manager of the Blue lion public-house, Gray's Inn Road—on the evening of 11th October I was serving, when the prisoners came in with two other men—Wright called for a pot of stout and mild, price sixpence; he gave me half-a-crown—I gave him two shillings change, and put the half-crown in the till; I said not detect it was counterfeit—at that time Miss Brasure came into the bar—she called me; I was then serving at the other end—she made a, statement to me and showed me a florin which I saw her break in the tester on the counter—I spoke to the landlord's brother, Mr. Davis—previous to doing so I looked into the till and saw there two half-crowns and some other silver; one of the half-crowns was bad, and was the one I had received, and the other, a good one, had been given in payment for cigars after the florin was detected to be bad—the prisoners left the house, and Davis and another followed them—I had cleared the till about an hour before—the good coin was given by Wright to Miss Brasure after this coin was returned—Wright took no part in the conversation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-116" type="surname" value="BRASURE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-116" type="given" value="NELLIE"/>NELLIE BRASURE</persName> </hi>. I am a barmaid at the Blue Lion, Gray's Inn Road—about 8.30 p.m. on 11th October I saw the prisoners there—Wright asked for four twopenny cigars and gave me a counterfeit florin—I called Offord, made a statement to him, and showed him the coin, and then I broke it into three pieces, gave one piece to Wright, and kept the other two; these are they—I told Wright I should give him into custody; he asked me what I meant—he gave mo then a good half-crown, which I put in the till—that and the bad one taken by Offord were the only half-crowns in that till.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-117" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-117" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-117" type="given" value="MIRIAM"/>MIRIAM JACKSON</persName> </hi>. I am a barmaid at the Norwich Castle public-house, Gray's Inn Road—about 8.12 p.m., 11th October, the prisoners came in, and Wright asked for two glasses of mild and bitter, price 3d., and gave me half-a-crown; I gave him 2s. 3d. change, and put the half-crown in the till—Murphy came in, and they were taken into custody in front of the bar—afterwards Murphy returned, and then I looked into the till, and this half-crown was the only one there—I tried and bent it in the tester, and afterwards gave it to the police—I did not see McClinchy do or say anything.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-118" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-118" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MURPHY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 126). On the evening of 11th October, in con
<lb/>sequence of a communication, I went into the Norwich Castle with Edbrook—to Wright, who was pointed out to me, I said, "You will have to come over to the Blue Lion public-house with me, as I have received in
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160028"/>
<p>that you tendered counterfeit coin there"—both prisoners heard it; they said together, "Lot us drink our beer first, and we will come over with you"—they did that, and I took Wright, and Edbrook took McClinchy into custody—immediately we got outside the public-house McClinchy struck Edbrook on the side of the head with his fist—the inspector threw him to the ground—while down ho threw two handfuls of money from his trousers pockets into the road—I pulled Wright over to where the money fell, and scrambled some of it up out of the gutter, and some more was handed to me by a woman; I saw her pick it up—there was no paper round the coins, they were loose in his pockets—there were fifteen florins, four half-crowns, all counterfeit, and one shilling good money—on Wright I found, at the station, part of a counterfeit florin, in his top waistcoatpocket; it matches the two pieces afterwards produced by Mr. Davis at the station—I also found on. him 16s. silver, 1s. 9d. bronze, all good—I searched McClinchy, but found nothing on him—the coin from the Norwich Castle was handed to me; that from the Blue Lion was brought to mo by Davis.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-119" type="surname" value="EDBROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-119" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE EDBROOK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector G</hi>). I have heard the evidence of the last witness—I arrested McClinchy—he struck me outside the public-house; I threw him down; he then pulled out two handfuls of coins—he got away, but I captured him again.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-120" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-120" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these thirty-one coins are counterfeit; there are twenty-three florins and. eight half-crowns, including the coins uttered and those thrown away—they are of different moulds; but the half-crown uttered at the Blue Lion I believe is from the same mould as one of those thrown away by McClinchy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I had a two-shilling piece given to mo to pass for four cigars, and I did not know it was bad, or else I should not have passed it.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WRIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18911116-24-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-24-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-24-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-24-18911116 t18911116-24-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury—Judgment respited.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McCLINCHY</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-24-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-24-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-24-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-18911116 t18911116-24-punishment-28"/>Twenty Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-25">
<interp inst="t18911116-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-25" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-18911116 t18911116-25-offence-1 t18911116-25-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-25-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-18911116 t18911116-25-offence-2 t18911116-25-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-25-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-25-18911116 t18911116-25-offence-2 t18911116-25-verdict-3"/>
<persName id="def1-25-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18911116" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18911116" type="surname" value="ROUND"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18911116" type="given" value="HENRY JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JAMES ROUND</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a cloak, the property of
<persName id="t18911116-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-122" type="surname" value="STEDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-122" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-25-offence-1 t18911116-name-122"/>Alfred Stedall</persName>, after a conviction of felony in June, 1891</rs>. In other indictments ho was charged, with
<persName id="def2-25-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-25-18911116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-25-18911116" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-25-18911116" type="surname" value="ROUND"/>
<interp inst="def2-25-18911116" type="given" value="FLORENCE ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FLORENCE ELIZABETH ROUND</hi> (22)</persName>,
<rs id="t18911116-25-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-25-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-25-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>with stealing a quantity of muslin, the goods of
<persName id="t18911116-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-124" type="surname" value="WATERS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-124" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-25-offence-2 t18911116-name-124"/>Joseph Waters</persName>; nineteen jackets, the goods of
<persName id="t18911116-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-125" type="surname" value="BLAKEBOROUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-125" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-25-offence-2 t18911116-name-125"/>Mary Blake
<lb/>brough</persName>; and three mantles, the goods of
<persName id="t18911116-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-126" type="surname" value="ANDERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-126" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-25-offence-2 t18911116-name-126"/>Edward Anderton</persName>,</rs> to which, he
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-25-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-25-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-25-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-25-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-25-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-25-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-18911116 t18911116-25-punishment-29"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BEARD</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FLORENCE ELIZABETH BOUND</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-25-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-25-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-25-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-26">
<interp inst="t18911116-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-26" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-18911116 t18911116-26-offence-1 t18911116-26-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-26-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-18911116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18911116" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18911116" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18911116" type="given" value="LOUISA FLORENCE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUISA FLORENCE HILL</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing, a sheet and a blanket, the goods of
<persName id="t18911116-name-128" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-128" type="surname" value="CHINNOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-128" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-26-offence-1 t18911116-name-128"/>Thomas Chinnock</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-26-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-26-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-26-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-18911116 t18911116-26-punishment-30"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>—(
<hi rend="italic">See Third Court, Saturday</hi>.)</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, November</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-27">
<interp inst="t18911116-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-27" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-18911116 t18911116-27-offence-1 t18911116-27-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-27-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18911116" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18911116" type="surname" value="GRANDE"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18911116" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES GRANDE</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Feloniously sending to
<persName id="t18911116-name-130" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-130" type="surname" value="BALDOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-130" type="given" value="ELIZABETH MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-27-offence-1 t18911116-name-130"/>Elizabeth Mary Baldock</persName> a letter demanding money, with menaces, without any reasonable or probable cause;
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, threatening to kill and murder her.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160029"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. SCARLETT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MORSEBY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-131" type="surname" value="USHER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-131" type="given" value="ROBERT BENJAMIN"/>ROBERT BENJAMIN USHER</persName> </hi>. I reside at 8, Grosvenor Place, with my mother-in-law, Elizabeth Mary Baldock—she is a great invalid and somewhat advanced in life—on 17th July last I found this letter on the hall table; I gave it to Mrs. Baldock; I did not see her open it—I went out, and afterwards saw her again—she then showed me the letter, and I read it—she appeared very much upset and excited by the letter—I communicated with the police authorities that evening.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found the envelope on the hall table, with some
<lb/>thing in it, closed—I gave it to Mrs. Baldock, and left before the opened it—I left the house and returned in about an hour; she then had it opened in her hand—this is the envelope—it was stamped 2d. to pay—it is a little torn now; I fancy that was done in opening it; it was in that state when she handed it. to me—I never saw or heard of the prisoner before I saw him at the Police-court—no money was sent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-132" type="surname" value="USHER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-132" type="given" value="ELIZABETH MARY"/>ELIZABETH MARY USHER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—Mrs. Baldock is my mother—on 22nd July this letter arrived for her; I opened it and read it; I did not hand it to my mother—on 27th July I received this post-card (
<hi rend="italic">marked C</hi>); I also kept that from her—she was very much upset and annoyed by the first letter—I gave the documents to the police.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> No one, that I know of, came for any money—an advertisement was asked for in answer to the letter—I believe such an advertisement was inserted by the police, but nobody came—Mrs. Baldock looked upon the letter as threatening her life—she is a cripple, and cannot be moved; of course she was excited.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-133" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-133" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HALL</persName> </hi>. I live at 78, Kenton Street, Brunswick Square—I am now a clerk at the Polytechnic, in Regent Street—I know the prisoner; he informed me that he was a Dane—I was formerly in his employment as clerk, from October, 1888, to June, 1889—he was a private inquiry agent in the Strand; I forget the number—during the time I was with him I had frequent opportunities of seeing him write, so as to become acquainted with his handwriting; to the best of my belief this letter (A) is his handwriting, the envelope is different; I don't know anything about the envelope—this letter (B) is also in his handwriting—I think this post-card (C) is in the same writing; I would not Be confident as to that; this document (H. C.) is also his writing; also this (E. T.)—he was not in the habit of writing in any particular ink—I have seen him write printing letters—this document (S. J.) is of a similar character to those which ho was in the habit of using from time to time; both the envelope and the letter—when I say printing, I mean writing as though printing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I first met the prisoner in the Strand; I was in want—I did not meet him in the street, I went to his office—I was very much down in the world and hungry—I did not ask him for food and money; he gave me money to get food, for which I was very thankful—he gave me employment; that was principally at his private house, where I cleaned knives and so forth—when my duties were over there my employ
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160030"/>
<p>was at the office, as something of a messenger—before I wont to him I had been connected with the Cattle Market; originally I was apprenticed to a grocer—I have not been a tipster; I know what you mean, connected with the betting world; I have not—that is all I have been—I was only connected with the inquiry office since I came to London; those are the only three occupations in which I have been engaged—at the Polytechnic I addressed wrappers—on some occasions I was at the prisoner's house almost all day, the latter part of the time especially—he gave up the office—while he had the office I was princi
<lb/>pally there, as clerk, hardly a messenger; my duties were to copy docu
<lb/>ments that he wrote—there was not much messenger work to do—he gave me things written by himself to copy—I never had any of the printed ones to copy—I don't remember his complaining of an important letter lost from the office—he never gave me into custody for stealing it—he did give me into custody, but what for I don't know; it was not for stealing a letter, it was for robbery of clothes and forging some notes; I did not leave without giving any notice; everything was sold up—he gave me into custody on Bank Holiday, the 3rd of August, this year; the next day after that I went to Sergeant James, the man connected with this case—I know Lynch, he was a fellow-servant of mine at the office the latter part of the time—I saw him in August, I believe, before I had seen James—I saw him on the Saturday before I was given into custody; I knew Lynch's address—I saw him on Tuesday, the 4th—I told him that I had made a communication to Sergeant James—I did not not tell him that it was suggested that the prisoner was connected with this threatening letter case, I did not know that at the time; I think I first heard it on the following Monday; some one called when I was out on Sunday, asking mo to go to Scotland Yard; that would be the 9th—I am not aware that immediately after the 9th of August I told Lynch, I cannot call it to mind, I cannot remember—very likely I was constantly seeing him, I might see him during that week—I was not seeing him nearly every day, I saw him every week—I don't think I communicated with him on the matter the next time after I had been to Scotland Yard; I think I was told to be silent, and I kept so—I could not say when I first spoke to Lynch about it; no doubt I should say something about it, not connected with the Scotland Yard business; I have not studied handwriting at all—letter A is in a common commercial handwriting—I was accustomed to the prisoner's handwriting, I recognise it by the general run of it—I could not tell you anything particular by which I know it (
<hi rend="italic">looking at a paper</hi>)—I would not say anything about this—it is my opinion that letter is the prisoner's writing—I would not say anything about the address—I do not think this letter is his; it is a different hand altogether—I don't know anything about the post-card; I can't say one way or the other as to that—the prisoner generally wrote in black ink—I don't know whether there was red ink there—I can't say that there were many documents written in print—I suppose in a private inquiry business it is sometimes necessary to disguise handwriting—I don't know who did the printing; I never did it; I was never asked to do it—I never copied any printing that I am aware of—I saw him doing it on one or two occasions—there is a variety of printing in those letters; some in Roman characters, and all sorts of characters—I almost believe that I saw him do it,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160031"/>
<p>I won't say positively, or something similar to that; I saw him do some
<lb/>thing on this document S. J.—it was in June, 1889, that the office broke up and he left—he gave the office up I think in December, 1889—I left Baker Street in June, 1889—since then till I saw these letters I never saw the prisoner's handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The letters A and B are in the prisoner's ordinary hand
<lb/>writing—I never had any charge made against me during the time I was in his service—when I was given into custody the inspector refused to take the charge, and said the prosecutor must take out a warrant, which he never did—no proceedings nave ever been taken against me upon it.
<hi rend="italic">Letter A wan read at follow</hi>:—"Madam,—Take notice that if you do not pay me the sum of £500, I dash your brains out as soon as you read this note, by a dynamite explosion. I stand in want of the said sum, and I must have it, or perish in the attempt. Remember, madam, that desperate men, or rather a man brought to despair by the villainy of a woman, will do desperate things, and indeed a woman shall pay for it. Be careful how you proceed in this case. You may be advised to apply to the police for protection, but if you do you will find that their pro
<lb/>tection is not much better than that of your lap-dog; if the English detectives cannot even apprehend the man who killed on the open streets in Whitechapel seven or eight women, then indeed their detective qualities must be limited; in fact, skill should not protect you from my hand. If I do not get the sum I have demanded, understand, I am firmly determined to have it or have your life as the value for it. If you estimate your life so low that you would not nay £600 for, then I must leave you to your own reflections. Do not believe that it is my intention to dash your brains out with a revolver, that, indeed, would be a mad
<lb/>man's work. No, madam; a thin cake of dynamite placed between some mounted fulminate of silver, and the whole placed between the door and mat on the floor upon which you have to pass, or under your seat in the church, or even under the cushion of your carriage, will immediately ex
<lb/>plode the moment the weight of your body comes upon it, and dash you to pieces. I intend to do what I say; I have been ruined by a woman, and a woman shall pay for it. I have sent a letter like this to nine other ladies for the purpose, that if you do not pay I will dash your brains out, and you will then serve to others of us an example of what they have to expect if they do not pay up If you feel disposed to comply with my request, please then to insert in the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Telegraph</hi> the following advertisement: 'A. M. M. will comply,' and an address will be forwarded to you for where to address the money, or it may be that it may be called for, only mark well that treachery on your part will be punished with instant death, as I am well prepared for such an emergency. I am sorry to trouble you in this way, but I must have the money. Hoping you will be sensible enough to give the required reply, I remain, Madam, yours truly, a.m. M. Your last day for payment the 24th July. Mrs. B----, 8, Grosyenor Place. Madam, if you have not the sum I demand at hand, then inform me when you can pay it. I know that you are not poor, and you cannot miss a paltry sum. please insert the above number in your advertisement, No. 5."
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. The prisoner gave his right address when I was taken into custody; it was some house in Kennington Road, I do not remember the number.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-134" type="surname" value="DESMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-134" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE DESMOND</persName> </hi>. I live at 83, Kennington Road—my mother lets</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160032"/>
<p>out apartments there; about the end of June last the prisoner took the top back room at 6s. a week in the name of Grant; he said he was getting money from a lawsuit—I attended to his room while he was there—one day as I was cleaning the table I went to remove a book, and as I moved it I saw a piece of paper underneath, on the table—it was written in red ink—I read it; it began, "Madam, take notice" and demanding a certain sum of a lady, and if she did not send it by a certain day he would dash her brains out, and he would use dynamite in the cushion of her carriage, and at the threshold of her door—she could call the police for protection, but it would be no good, it would be as much use as a lap-dog; that he had been ruined by a woman and a woman should suffer—this was very soon after he came, at the end of June or the beginning of July—that is all I remember of the letter—I don't remember when it was said that the dynamite was to be used—he continued lodging at the house up to 12th August—a little time before lie left somebody called to see him; I took him to be a tipsy man—I told the prisoner that a gentleman called and wished to see him, and asked if he was still giving music lessons; he said he did not know that anybody would call for him—he asked me more than once for a description of the person, and I gave it as well as I could—when he left, on 12th August, I understood he was going to Brighton—he did not come back—he took duggage with him; I kept his rooms for him for nine days, that would be up to 20th August—I did not keep them longer, because he sent us a letter from Paris; this is the letter (A. D). (
<hi rend="italic">James Hall</hi>. This letter is the prisoner's writing, envelope and letter both.) (
<hi rend="italic">The letter stated that as his stay in Paris would be several months, there was no necessity to keep the rooms</hi>.) I have seen the letter (A.) addressed to Mrs. Baldock—the words in the letter I saw on the table were just the same.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I could not remember word for word in the letter—I said at the Police-court that it was about three weeks before that I had seen the letter, or about a fortnight before he left; I think it must have been about that time—I am of that opinion still—we had some stuff stolen from our place, and mother went to Kennington Lane about it, and two detectives came to inquire about it, that was about a week after the prisoner had gone; that was how this matter came about—but before that I saw two gentlemen outside our house, watching it—I did not know who they were—it was when the police came about our stuff that I had a talk with them about this—I think that would be about the 19th or 20th August; I don't remember the date—I did not see Sergeant James about it—I never saw him till I got to the Police-court—Mr. Gray, of Kennington Lane, was the first person with whom I had any conversation about the letter—he did not show me a copy of it—he came and asked who was in the room before Mr. Grant had it, and I said Mr. Lushington—mother told him that I saw a letter in red ink on Mr. Grant's table, and then Mr. Williams came—I did not show the letter to my mother; I left it on the table in the same place, under the book or in the book—it was when I was dust
<lb/>ing the room I saw it—I read it through—it was on a white piece of paper—I told Mr. Gray that I thought it must be a copy of a letter—I could not swear to it—I did not attach any importance to it until the matter cropped up with Gray—I did not discuss it with anybody—I read it all—I remember the threats because it frightened me—I remember</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160033"/>
<p>the dynamite, the cushion of the carriage, and the threshold of the door; I remembered it before the police discussed the matter with me; they did not discuss it till after I had told them—then they told me what the letter was; they showed me a letter; I had told them all before they showed me the letter—I have a little memory, I don't know about it being a good one; I could not very well forget a thing like the dynamite—I am perfectly sure that it was not after a conversation with the police that I began to recollect the thing more accurately—the prisoner never locked his rooms when he went out—he used to lock them when he was in—I was never in the rooms when he was there—he was out the greater part of the day—we had other lodgers—the prisoner had complained of people coming into his room when he was out; he saw one of them coming out of his room; that was the one we suspected had stolen the stuff; it was a female; she has not been convicted of it; we cannot find them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This letter was the only piece of writing in his room that I read—he always left his writing about the room, but I never took much notice of it—Sergeant Williamson was the man who I thought was the tipsy man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-135" type="surname" value="WILLIAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-135" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILLIAMSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). I am the person who called at 83, Kennington Road on the 18th August, and made some inquiry about the prisoner—I was watching the house on 11th August and some days before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-136" type="surname" value="WYBORN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-136" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WYBORN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Chief Inspector F</hi>). In August, 1887, I was one of the inspectors of the
<hi rend="italic">D</hi> division stationed at Tottenham Court Road Police-station—I had a constable serving under me named William Hughes, No. 409; I received this letter dated 5th August, 1887, (H. W.) through the Commissioner—I knew the prisoner at that time—after receiving the letter I saw him at his house, 35, Charlotte Street, Port
<lb/>land Place; he and a woman had the house between them—I took with me the letter and showed it to him, and had some conversation with him respecting the complaint in the letter—I don't remember the exact words—I made a report of it at the time—I said, "I have come to see you respecting this complaint," showing him the letter, and then he entered into details—it was a long letter, complaining of the conduct of Hughes—I was with him discussing the merits of the complaint about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour—he spoke to me about Hughes, and the purport of the letter.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The house in Charlotte Street was a large house—he was living there with a prostitute—I have known the woman for years; her name was on the door; I knew her before he picked her up; I have known her on the streets for years—I don't say the letter is in the prisoner's writing; I never saw him write.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-137" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-137" type="surname" value="TAPLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-137" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH TAPLIN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Charles Taplin, a solicitor's clerk, and live at 27, Gordon Dwellings, Camberwell—some little time ago my husband had some business which he transacted for the prisoner—at the end of July this year I received this letter (E. T.), it came by hand—the prisoner called at my house and asked to see me—I declined to see him—I afterwards met him in the street; he said, "Have you received my letter, madam?"—I said, "Yes"—he said, "Why did you not come up and see me?"—I said I did not think proper; I thought I had better not; he had better wait and see Mr. Taplin—I showed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160034"/>
<p>him the letter—I kept it in
<hi rend="italic">my</hi> possession—I sent it to our solicitor, Mr. Deakin, to write to him—it came from 83, Kennington Road, and is signed by him. (
<hi rend="italic">The letter was written in red ink, and requested the witness to forward to him his portmanteau, his dog, and other things</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-138" type="surname" value="NETHERCLIFT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-138" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>FREDERICK GEORGE NETHERCLIFT</persName> </hi>. I have made handwriting a study for forty-eight years; during the adjournment of the Court I have looked at the letter just produced, marked E. T., also the letter H. W., addressed to the Commissioner of Police—I have compared them with letters A and B addressed to Mrs. Baldock, and I say in my judgment the four letters are written by the same hand.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have made a very hurried examination of them, but quite sufficient for my purpose—I have been through pretty well all the documents, not to remark all the peculiarities in each, but I am quite positive they are written by the same hand—I do not often find a peculiarity in one person's writing that I find in another, I do sometimes, but very seldom—I am not in any other business—I was a lithographer and fac-similist, and published a work upon the subject, which I dedicated to Royalty—there are other experts in handwriting, not many, there is Mr. Inglis; there are two or three who style them
<lb/>selves exports, brought forward in opposition to me—it may be that I am sometimes wrong, I do not remember it, sometimes persons have taken an opposite view—Mr. Inglis is not an expert, he is a lithographer, as well as myself—he has been on one side and I on the other, in difficult cases—I am now speaking from a general glance of these documents; I have seen this handwriting before—I think I have seen all these,
<hi rend="italic">A</hi>, B, C, and D—I think I can pledge my oath that these are all in the same handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There are some peculiarities in the writing to which I could call attention, in the word "two," for instance, which occurs all through the documents in letter A; the beginning of the word "Madam," that word is formed in rather a peculiar way, and it is the same in the letter produced by the last witness; and the k's are alike all through.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant D</hi>). In the early part of September. I was watching for the prisoner about the streets—I followed a boy for the purpose of tracing the prisoner—on September 3rd I received thin letter, in printed characters: "Hyde Park Scoundrel, do not let me see you in my way again. I could see you yesterday, although your detective Smart could commit perjury when well bribed; you dog, you could not see me. Bo careful, and do not come in my way; for, sure as this is written by me, the man whom you have injured by your crime of perjury, I dash your brains out the moment you come near me. I will see your heart blood before they get me again by your perjury. My hand is used to firearms, and by heaven I shall not miss you when I get you in my sight"; addressed Police Sergeant James, Tottenham Court Road Station—I was attached to the Tottenham Court Road station at that time, and I am stationed there now—on 26th September I went to Maiden Railway Station with Detective Holder, and there saw the prisoner—I caught him in the roar, and said, "Grande, consider yourself in custody"—he said, "What for?"—I said, "For sending letters to ladies demanding money and threatening to murder thorn"—on the way to the station he said, "You dirty scoundrel! this is your</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160035"/>
<p>work, you who have received £50 from Morris to put me away before; if I had seen you I would have blown your brains out. You dirty dog! you are good at perjury when you are well bribed. I shall soon be out of this, and then look out; I will not shoot you, I will put about six inches of steel into your back"—at the station he did not give his address—he was not asked his address at Maiden Station—after I left him there I went to No. 1, The Oaklands, Acacia Road, Maiden, and there searched the two front rooms on the ground floor—I there found, amongst other things, this cigar-box, tied with a strong string, fitted with two springs, one on each side, with a patch of gunpowder; two bottles of acid, and several other articles—I afterwards took the prisoner by train to London—I had handcuffed the prisoner at Maiden Police-station.—as we were on the platform, the train was coming in; I was holding the prisoner's right hand with my left, and as we were getting into the train the prisoner pushed me very hard towards it, and on getting into the train he said, "You scoundrel! it was my intention to push you under the train; I would not mind doing it"—he continued the whole of the way from Maiden to Waterloo making use of threats of violence towards me—he said, "You, as a clever detective, could not catch me; I have seen you many a time—when I sent a boy from the Messenger Company to the bank in Victoria Street, I saw you, I was in the churchyard; and you. the gentleman detective, you b—fool, you could have seen me; I saw you in Hyde Park following the poor little boy, you b----fool, and you could not see me"—I said, "Yes; that is what you said in the letter you sent me"—he said, "Me send you a letter?"—I said, "Yes"—he then said, "Ah, yes; that will be my line of defence; if any letters have been sent, it was you, you dirty dog, who have sent it; I will settle with you when I get through this; and it is a good job you have got me now, as I was off to New York on Monday"—and then, shaking his handcuffs, he said, "If I could only take these cuffs off I would take my hands round your neck and strangle you, you dog, I would."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw the witness Hall on 4th August—the watch had been set on the house at Kennington long before that, in July—officers were deputed to do it by the Inspector; I was one—I saw the prisoner leave there in the early part of August—he was not pleased to see me at Maiden—I put down in writing what the prisoner said, about three hours after, at Rochester Row—I put down everything I could remember; I remember it distinctly—I say seriously that he made an attempt to push me under the tram—we were waiting in the waiting-room till the train came in—on the platform I was between him and the train—Holder was in the train with us—I could not do any writing in the train; knowing the man's character and his threats I was afraid of him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-139" type="surname" value="HOLDER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-139" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HOLDER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective J</hi>). I was present with James on 26th September, when the prisoner was arrested—the prisoner was carrying this bag in his hand at the time he took possession of it—I opened it at Maiden Police-station—I found in it this revolver, it was not loaded; also this brass knuckle-duster, a metal whistle, and some memoranda—the prisoner was present when I found them—I said to him, "You see what this bag contains?"—he replied, "I got them for you b----scoundrels, and meant to give it you"—James was in the station at the time, I could not say in what part, I should think he could hear what the prisoner said—on 28th September I was present at Westminster Police-court</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160036"/>
<p>—the case was called on and remanded, after the information of Miss Desmond had been read—after that the prisoner went for me, and I went to his cell; he said, "How do you thick I shall get on after what that girl said? I never thought of seeing her here to-day; she appears to have recollected lots of things that I had forgotten my
<lb/>self; I never thought she would have come here and speak against me. Whatever shall I do, after what she has said? But I shall stand a good chance to get out of it if the lady does not come; and the man Hall, of course, swears to my writing, because I once charged him; that is a very serious thing for me; but never mind, I have got the best man in London to defend me; he is up to all the tricks of the trade"—Mr. Arthur Newton, of Marlborough Street, was appearing for him at that time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The whistle I found in the bag was not a police whistle, but very similar—he appeared somewhat excited at being arrested—it is not a fact that I first spoke to the prisoner when passing his cell; he sent the gaoler, Sergeant Burchell, for me; the message was that Grande would like to see me—I did not caution him before he made the statement—I have been sixteen years in the force—I made the note at the time, as I stood by the wicket gate; he saw me writing it—this is the original note (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—this is an additional memorandum—the note I took of the statement I read a few minutes after I had spoken to Inspector Moore, at the same station—this piece of paper has nothing to do with that—I did not take the whole of it down at the wicket gate—it was almost immediately after I had seen the inspector that I wrote this down in my book.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-140" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-140" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY MOORE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector</hi>). On 16th September, about midnight, I found the prisoner at the station—I told him I was an inspector of police, and held a warrant for his arrest, which I could read to him; I commenced and read as far as Mrs. Baldock's name, when he suddenly fainted and fell on the floor—when he came to he asked me to read the warrant again; I did so—he said, "With intent to steal £500"; then, after a pause, he said, "Where was the money sent?"—he then mut
<lb/>tered the word "menace" several times—I said, "You know the meaning of it?"—he said, "Yes; threats"—he was then charged, and whilst being charged he said, "It is lucky you have got me just now, as I was off to America on Monday.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He had been in custody since seven o'clock—I did not know that he had been without food all day; I don't know what caused him to faint.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been convicted of felony on</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th July</hi>, 1877,
<hi rend="italic">at the Guildhall, Westminster, to which he pleaded</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-141" type="surname" value="HEWLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-141" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HEWLETT</persName> </hi>. I was formerly in the D division of Police—on 9th July, 1877, I was at the Sessions of the Peace at the Guildhall, Westminster—I produce a certificate of the conviction of Christian Neilson (
<hi rend="italic">This was a certificate of conviction of stealing and receiving, after a previous conviction—Sentence, Eight Years Penal Servitude and Seven Years' Police Supervision</hi>)—the prisoner is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am not in the Police now; I retired last May—I have not seen the prisoner since July, 1877, till about a month ago—there is a photo of him here—don't know whether the warder is here</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160037"/>
<p>—I don't know when the prisoner came out of prison—I think he was convicted at this Court in June, 1889, but I don't know it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have no doubt that he is the man who was convicted in 1877.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-142" type="surname" value="BARTELLS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-142" type="given" value="THEODORE"/>THEODORE BARTELLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). On 6th May, 1884, a prisoner who was released on ticket-of-leave reported himself to me—the prisoner is that man—he reported himself in the name of Christian Neilson—I saw him again in Holloway Prison, after his arrest on this charge—I did not know him before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He only reported himself on his release, not afterwards—I did not make inquiry for him—I have heard that in 1889 he was corresponding with Inspector Wybrow—when he reported himself I was furnished with this document containing his photo, with a description of marks, and so on, in the usual way.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">See Old Court, Tuesday</hi>, 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>).</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-28">
<interp inst="t18911116-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-28" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-18911116 t18911116-28-offence-1 t18911116-28-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-28-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18911116" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18911116" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18911116" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER WHITE</hi> (52)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18911116-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-144" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-144" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-28-offence-1 t18911116-name-144"/>Elizabeth White</persName>, with intent to murder;
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAUL TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-145" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-145" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-145" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH WHITE</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife—we have been married about 32 years—in this year we were living at the Yorkshire Hotel, Euston Road—on 25th September, this year, there was a quarrel between us, and the police were called in—the prisoner had threatened to stab me with a carving knife, and to hang for me; he was bound over to keep the peace—lately we have occupied separate bedrooms, for two nights only—early on the morning of 20th October he followed me into my room and began to use vile language—we were then sleeping in the same bed-room—I said I would not have it—he said, "If you won't have that, you shall have this," and he took a razor from the top of the cupboard and cut my throat—I was sitting on a chair, not undressed—I put up my hand to prevent him, and the razor cut my thumb—I struggled with him—he then left me—I saw him go out at the door—I was taken to the hospital, and remained there some time—I have not quite recovered yet—I am still an out-patient.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I suppose he had had some drink—I had been out with him the night before, since about eight, to a public-house in Judd Street, the Balmoral—my sister was with me; we left him there—we got home about twelve—a Mrs. Earl was staying in the house for the night; I don't know that she is a person of loose character—I was told she had gone up to my room, not with a man—I did not know her, more than, coming in for a bed—I saw her that night, I was not drinking with her—she did not in my presence make an indecent remark to my husband—he has not constantly complained of the persons I had in the house—he has not gone down on his knees and begged me to keep prostitutes out—if he has complained it has been when in drink—we lived on very bad terms.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-146" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-146" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant E</hi>). On 20th October I received information and went to 49, Euston Road—I saw a quantity of blood, and a number of articles stained with blood—I found this razor on the mantelpiece in the back parlour; there were bloodstains on it—about six the same morning the prisoner was handed over to me by another</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160038"/>
<p>constable—I told him he would be charged with attempting to murder his wife that morning at 49, Euston Road, by cutting her throat with a razor—he said, "I deny it"—I searched him, and found on him, among other articles, this letter, addressed to Mrs. Williams, his married daughter—on searching the house I found a bottle of laudanum. (
<hi rend="italic">The letter was as follows</hi>:—"My dear Maggie,—Just arrived to tell you that my body will be brought to your place, and that I am put away, as you may likewise know. Thank that woman for all the trouble that has taken place; and, my dear, I ask you for the last time you will hear from me, to clear the lot out. Tell your dear husband not to allow them to stay there, or they will drive him out of his mind, as your dear mother has driven me out of my mind. My poor head aches. My dear, kiss mother for me, and may God bless her for ever. Come and see my body, it is your broken-hearted father. May God look after you, and think of the old man gone to another world. I can't write any more. God bless you, dear Maggie.—From your affectionate father. A. W.")</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> At that time he appeared to be suffering from the effects of drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-147" type="surname" value="BOUGHTON"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-147" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BOUGHTON</persName> </hi>. At half-past three on the afternoon of 20th October I was called to a pawnbroker's shop in Robert Street, Regent's Park; I there saw the prisoner—I told him I was a police-constable, and that ho answered the description of Alexander White, wanted for the attempted murder of a woman in the Euston Road last evening—he said, "Yes, my name is Alexander White, I live at 49, Euston Road"—I took him into custody, when he said, "Did you say murder? I know nothing about it"—I took him to the station and searched him, and found this revolver, perfectly new, loaded in six chambers, also forty-four cart
<lb/>ridges—he said he intended blowing out his own brains that night—he said, "If there is anything the matter with my wife, it is the bullies and prostitutes in the house that have done it."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I think he was dazed with drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-148" type="surname" value="FFOOKS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-148" type="given" value="WALTER PEMBERTON"/>WALTER PEMBERTON FFOOKS</persName> </hi>. I am house surgeon at the Royal Free Hospital—on the early morning of 20th October the deceased was admitted there—she had an incised wound on the right side of the neck, four inches long, across the front of the throat, passing the middle line—the first two inches of the wound were deep, and severed the external jugular and the anterior half of the main muscle on the side of the neck, the rest of the wound was through skin and loose tissue just beneath it; she was suffering severely from loss of blood—she was quite conscious, I should not say that she appeared to have been drinking—I noticed four wounds on the right hand, two were deep and two superficial—one deep one was on the inner side of the right thumb, the other was within an inch of the end of the middle finger; the two superficial ones were one on either side of the palm—the wound in the neck was a dangerous one; I think the injuries could have been caused by a razor—I dont know when she left the hospital</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-149" type="surname" value="SUGG"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-149" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SUGG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">E</hi> 63). On 25th September last the prisoner was in my custody on a charge of threatening to murder his wife—I saw him running down the garden from the house into the Euston Road—he had nothing in Ins hand—I heard him say he would cut his wife's head off—I took him into custody on a warrant—he said, "I mean to go back and do what I said, if I get fifty years for it"—his wife and several others</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160039"/>
<p>were running away from him when he said he would cut her head off; he made the other statement on his way to the station—he was remanded for a fortnight to Holloway Prison, and then discharged.</p>
<rs id="t18911116-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Second Count</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-28-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-28-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-28-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-18911116 t18911116-28-punishment-31"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, November</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-29">
<interp inst="t18911116-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-29" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-18911116 t18911116-29-offence-1 t18911116-29-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-29-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18911116" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18911116" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18911116" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR WELLS</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously uttering a forged £5 Bank of England note, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOODFALL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-151" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-151" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH PEARCE</persName> </hi>. I live at 25, Avenue, Queen's Park, Harrow Road, and am assistant to Mr. Bromwich, a florist, of Buckingham Palace Road—on October 3rd, about 1.20, the prisoner came in and asked to see some ferns; he selected some value 10s. 6d., and wanted them sent to the Naval and Military Club—he gave me the name of Captain Thurston, which I entered in a book, he looking over me—he Asked what time we closed; I said nine o'clock; he said, "If you send my plants some time this evening it will do"—I asked if he would pay for them then or on delivery; he said, "I will pay for them now if you can change a £5 note, it does not matter which"—I went to the cashier, and while I was speaking to her the prisoner came up and I left him speaking to her—I picked him out on 27th October from eight or nine others.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-152" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-152" type="surname" value="HONEYBALL"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-152" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE HONEYBALL</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Mr. Bromwich—on October 3rd Miss Pearce brought the prisoner to my desk—he gave me this £5. note, and I put Mr. Bromwich's stamp on it to identify it—he gave me no name; I took that from the order-book—he said that the note was on the Plymouth branch, and he did not know whether we should charge for cashing it, but he had cashed them in Bond Street, and had never been charged there—I said, "If you have never been charged before we shall not charge you anything for it"—I took the note and gave him £4 9s. 6d. in change—it was handed to Carter, the foreman, to take out and change it; he brought it back as forged—he was directed to take it; with the ferns, to the club—on 27th October I picked out the prisoner from eight or nine men at the Police-station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I did not hear you say, "Do you think this note is all right, it is on a branch of the Bank of England?"—you said that it was drawn on the Plymouth branch, both before and after you got the change—I was not going towards the door of the Cloak Lane station, not having recognised you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-153" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-153" type="given" value="ARTHUR ARNOLD"/>ARTHUR ARNOLD CARTER</persName> </hi>. I am Mr. Bromwich's foreman—on Satur
<lb/>day afternoon, October 3rd, Miss Honeyball gave me this note to try and change it, but I was not able to do so—I went to the Naval and Military Club at night with the ferns, and found that there was a Mr. Thurston there, but he was away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The club was the only address I had.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-154" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-154" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD KNIGHT</persName> </hi>. I have been three years hall porter at the Naval and Military Club, Piccadilly; I have been at the club fourteen years—on Saturday evening, October 3rd, Carter came there—there is no Captain Thurston a member—there is a Mr. A. B. Thruston, but he is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160040"/>
<p>in Egypt—I send his letters there to him—the prisoner is not a member of the club.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The solicitor showed me a card with the name of Mr. Thurston on it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-155" type="surname" value="SOUTHGATE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-155" type="given" value="THOMAS LEA"/>THOMAS LEA SOUTHGATE</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Bank Notes to the Bank of England—this note is a forgery—it purports to be drawn on the Ply
<lb/>mouth branch of the Bank of England, but it was not issued there—it purports to be an identical representation of a genuine note which has been cancelled—we have had others presented.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-156" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-156" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY COX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On 26th October I saw the prisoner and another man in Commercial Road, Pimlico, and followed them to 15, Ranelagh Grove—they went in and came out and parted company, and the prisoner returned to the house alone—I communicated with Inspector Wright, who arrested him in my presence, and went with me next day to search his rooms.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-157" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-157" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WRIGHT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Inspector</hi>). On 27th October I was with Cox and saw the prisoner in Pimlico Road, and said we were officers, and should arrest him for forging and uttering a Bank of England note—he said, "I know nothing about it"—he was taken to the station and charged; he made no reply—we went to his address and found this box (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I told him he had cashed a note at Mr. Bromwich's shop, and given the name of Captain Thurston—we took the box to the station, and he said, "That belongs to my friend"—I said, "We cannot find the key, and your friend says it is yours"—I found a key on him which fitted the lock, and found in the box a card
<lb/>case with the name of "A. B. Thurston, Esq., Naval and Military Club," a book of cheques, and a number of letters—I was afterwards informed that he wished to see me in the cell; he said that he cashed the note—I asked from whom he received it; he said, "From a man outside Tattersall's "; I said, "Can you give me his name and address?"—he said, "No, I did not get much out of it, I only got a sovereign for cashing it"—he said his friend's name was Wilson.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not say that you did not think it was at forged note.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defence, stated that he cashed the note for a man whom he met that morning, but would not have done so had he known that it teas forged; and that he first took it to a butcher where he dealt, and asked if it was all right, and he said, "Yes"</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at this Court on</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd May</hi>, 1881,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of
<persName id="t18911116-name-158">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-158" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-158" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>Arthur Andrews</persName>.—
<rs id="t18911116-29-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-29-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-29-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-18911116 t18911116-29-punishment-32"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-30">
<interp inst="t18911116-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-30" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-18911116 t18911116-30-offence-1 t18911116-30-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-30-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18911116" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18911116" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18911116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PORTER</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Embezzling £8 13s. 3d., £4 12s. 3d., and £2 3d. 9d., received on account of
<persName id="t18911116-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-160" type="surname" value="KUHN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-160" type="given" value="JULIUS NICHOLAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-30-offence-1 t18911116-name-160"/>Julius Nicholas Kuhn</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. H. AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BYRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-161" type="surname" value="KUHN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-161" type="given" value="JULIUS NICHOLAS"/>JULIUS NICHOLAS KUHN</persName> </hi>. I am an importer of fancy goods at 75, Wimpole Street—I engaged the prisoner as traveller about March, 1888, at £2 10s. a week salary and I per cent. commission and £1 1s. a week for expenses—it was his duty to account for money from customers the next day or on Saturday night—he had no authority to endorse cheques; it was his duty to send them up to me—at the end of each week he ren
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160041"/>
<p>me an account in this form, showing the amounts received on one side, and the disbursements on the other—he did not account for £8 13s. 3d. received from Mr. Maggs on 13th May, 1891, or for £4 12s. 3d. from Mr. Bradford on 14th May, or for £2 3s. 9d. from Mr. A. Moore on 29th July—these three receipts are in the prisoner's writing—I received this letter from him on May 14th, in which he says that he has received £8 13s. 3d. from Mr. Maggs, and he accounted for it; Mr. Maggs owed me £8 9s. 11d. in December, 1890—the prisoner did not account to me for £8 5s. 6d. received in settlement of that account—this is not my endorsement on Mr. Maggs' cheque for £8 5s. 6d., it is the prisoner's writing—I did not authorise him to endorse it—my accounts are sent out in January, April, July, and October—this account of Mr. Maggs', of £8 9s. 11d. would be sent to him in April as not being paid—the account for £8 13s. 3d. would not go in till July—I discharged the prisoner in July, 1891; end when my accounts were sent in in September I received a great many of them back as having been paid—I caused inquiries to be made, and the prisoner was taken in custody—when he left in July, only his commission account was made out—he saw it before he left—he asked me what the balance due to me was; I told him about £5, without taking into account the embezzlements.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was a good traveller; the business increased while he was in my employ—I gave him a character afterwards—he was in employment at the time of his arrest—my clerk keeps my books—I have examined them and give evidence from them—if the prisoner was in town the clerk had to enter any money received; if he was in the country the clerk received the money and entered it in the books—he has not complained that the guinea a week for travelling expenses was insufficient—he complained two years ago that he found it difficult to travel on the expenses—he has been three years in my employ—he had to carry parcels round, big boxes; he charged me with that as excess luggage—at one time he deducted eleven shillings for excess luggage when there was none—I do not suggest that that was a fraud—I did not send him on a three days' tour and give him only £2 for expanses; he was sent for one day and stayed out three days, and wrote that he had cashed several small amounts at Brighton,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mr. Maggs lives at Eastbourne—December 10th was the day the £8 5s. 6d. was received; I do not think he started till the morning of the 10th; ho had £2 with him for expenses—he came home the third clay, and accounted for the £2 17s. 6d., £2 11s. 5d., and £1 5s. 10d., all received in cash according to his statement—he was actually paid £8 14s. 9d. while he was those two days at Eastbourne—this is the account he rendered for the week—he accounts for his expenses on the other side—if he spent more there was no reason why he should not put it down; there was no arrangement that he was not to spend more than a guinea a week; I allowed him more at Christmas because ho had more luggage—if ho showed me that his railway fare cost £2 4s. 4d. it would have been allowed, but he never suggested it—I did not give him an unblemished character when he left, but I knew nothing of this embezzlement at that time—I discharged him for irregularities.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-162" type="surname" value="MAGGS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-162" type="given" value="JOSEPH HERBERT"/>JOSEPH HERBERT MAGGS</persName> </hi>. I am a stationer, of 53, Terminus Road,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160042"/>
<p>Eastbourne—I know the prisoner as travelling for Mr. Kuhn—on 10th December, 1890, I gave him this cheque for £8 5s. 6d. in respect of a sum of £8 9s. 11d. less discount—he gave me this receipt (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) on the London and Provincial Bank, Eastbourne branch, to Kuhn and Co. or order—it has been passed through my bank and cashed—about 13th May he came again, and I gave him this cheque to order for £8 13s. 3d. in respect of an account for £8 17s. 8d. less discount—he receipted the bill in my presence—he asked me to make it payable to bearer, and I altered it—it has been cashed at my bank.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He did not say that the transaction in December was to be for ready money as it was the first, and that he wanted to get the cheque cashed at once.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-163" type="surname" value="BRUFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-163" type="given" value="ALBERT WILLIAM"/>ALBERT WILLIAM BRUFORD</persName> </hi>. I am a watchmaker and jeweller, with my father, at 100, Terminus Road, Eastbourne—in the beginning of May the prisoner came to my shop for an account for £4 14s. 8d. which I had—I paid him £4 12s. 3d. in cash; there was a reduction of 2s. 5s. for discount—he gave a receipt dated May 14th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not think he has called since—he used to call three or four times a year—he is in another firm now, but has not called on me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-164" type="surname" value="AMOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-164" type="given" value="JOHN STARES"/>JOHN STARES AMOORE</persName> </hi>. I am a bookseller, of High Street, "Wimbledon—I know the prisoner as Mr. Kuhn's traveller—on 29th July I paid him in cash, I believe, £2 3s. 9d. for an account—there was a reduction of 2s. 4d. for discount and tax—he gave me this receipt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-165" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-165" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN MORGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant D</hi>). On 30th October I found the prisoner at Bath in custody of the police—I charged him on this warrant with embezzling, on 16th April, 1891, £5 4s. and other sums, of Mr. Kuhn, his employer—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-30-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-30-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-30-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-18911116 t18911116-30-punishment-33"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-31">
<interp inst="t18911116-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-31" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-18911116 t18911116-31-offence-1 t18911116-31-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-31-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-18911116" type="surname" value="SHILLINGLAW"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-18911116" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDREW SHILLINGLAW</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911116-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining divers sums from
<persName id="t18911116-name-167" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-167" type="surname" value="JOSOLYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-167" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-31-offence-1 t18911116-name-167"/>Archibald John Josolyne</persName>, by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JARVIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-168" type="surname" value="JOSOLYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-168" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD JOHN"/>ARCHIBALD JOHN JOSOLYNE</persName> </hi>. I am a money-lender, and carry on business as Walter Wood, and as Clay—I have known the defendant about five years—on July 16th he owed me £14—he called and asked me to lend him £5, as he had an opportunity of buying a parcel of goods which, he would be able to make £10 or £14 of—I said, "You owe me £14, I had rather not increase it;" he pressed me very much, and said, "I will give you 32s. for the use of it for a month"—I was very reluctant—he pressed me again—I said, "Very well; show me the receipt for your rent up to the present time, and I will let you have the money"—he said, "My rent is paid"—I said, "Show me the receipt"—he said, "The receipt is locked up in my desk at home"—this was between twelve and one o'clock—he lives at Clapham, about three miles and a half off—I said, "Go home and fetch it; I shall be here till six o'clock"—he said, "I have no time to do that"—he said, "I will write you a letter to satisfy you that my rent is paid"; and wrote this letter: "For your satisfaction in making me the above advance, I state that my rent for the above house is paid up to June 24th, 1891. A. Shillinglaw"—I gave him £5 in cash, and he gave me this promissory note (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I next saw him on August 11th, when ho came to my office and said,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160043"/>
<p>"I find the goods I wanted to buy cost a little more money, I want. £3 10s."—I gave it to him at once, believing that his rent was paid—when the bills came due they were dishonoured, and my solicitor took proceedings in the Mayor's Court, and obtained judgment, but recovered nothing; he set up a bogus claim, the Sheriff had to withdraw, and I have lost the money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have carried on business for seven years—my dealings with the defendant began about five years ago, when I lent him cash at about the same rate of interest, but in this case he offered it; I did not charge him—I do not know that I charged him about 270 per cent.—I look upon it as accommodation, not as interest—in the other case it was £3 10s. for a week; I have not taken the trouble to calculate whether that was about 700 per cent.—I trade as Wood in Furnival's Inn, and as Josolyne at 70, Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury—I have traded as Johnson in London Wall, and as Clay in Cheapside, but I have given that office up—I did not lend him £3 10s. on August 8th—I keep no books at all; my bills are my books, and my banker's pass-book; I have no memorandum from which I can say how many transactions I have had with the defendant during the last six years—I have a cheque-book, but I paid the £3 10s. by cash; I generally give cash under £10, and for all transactions under £10 I have no record. (
<hi rend="italic">A letter was here put in from the defendant to the witness enclosing</hi> 22s. 6d.
<hi rend="italic">for interest, and asking him to renew the bill</hi>)—I believe I sued him in the Mayor's Court for £10 2s. and get judgment—I believe I taxed my costs on the ordinary £10 scale; if I had given him credit for the 22s. it would have been under the £10 scale—I gave the same evidence at the Police-court, I believe, as I have given here; and the Alderman dismissed the charge with the remark that the rate of interest was ex
<lb/>orbitant—he did not say that no Jury would convict—I was bound over to prosecute.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>, I went before a Grand Jury of my country—I gave credit for this 22s. when I levied my
<hi rend="italic">fi. fa</hi>—I declined to renew the bill.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-169" type="surname" value="TROWLER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-169" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT TROWLER</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Montagu, Scott and Co., solicitor—I produce the judgment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-170" type="surname" value="BROOMFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-170" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BROOMFIELD</persName> </hi>. I live at 63, Kimberley Road, Clapham, and am landlord of the defendant's house—on 16th July this year he owed two quarters' rent; it was not paid till I put a broker in at the end of August—as soon as I knew the Sheriff was in I gave notice to him—the broker sold the goods; they are not removed from the premises.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My first written application to the defendant to pay the rent was on August 6th—he then wrote me this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that he had only lately ascertained that his wife had taken upon herself to pay off some private debts, and had held over the rent, but that he could clear off the greater part of it before September</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>.)—the rent had always been paid by his wife—he has been my tenant four years—I had not applied to him for the rent; I had not seen him; I only applied to his wife; I always received it from her very regularly up to June 24th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The house was taken by him—I believe I always made the receipt out to the person who I received the money from—there were two quarters' due on June 24th—I had made application between Lady Day and Juno, not in writing—they were in the habit of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160044"/>
<p>paying quarterly; that was the first time it had run into two quarters—I called on Mrs. Shillinglaw on 11th April, and did not get any rent, and on August 11th about 11 a.m.—I only expected to find the wife at home then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-32">
<interp inst="t18911116-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-32" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-18911116 t18911116-32-offence-1 t18911116-32-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-32-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-18911116 t18911116-32-offence-2 t18911116-32-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-32-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-18911116" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-18911116" type="surname" value="WADSWORTH"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-18911116" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD WADSWORTH</hi> (50)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18911116-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>to feloniously marrying Alice Watkins, his wife being alive;</rs> and
<persName id="def2-32-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-32-18911116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-18911116" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="def2-32-18911116" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALICE WATKINS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18911116-32-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-32-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-32-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>to aiding and abetting him in the same. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-32-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-32-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-32-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-18911116 t18911116-32-punishment-34"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-32-18911116 t18911116-32-punishment-34"/>To enter into recognisances to appear for judgment if called upon</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-33">
<interp inst="t18911116-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-33" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-18911116 t18911116-33-offence-1 t18911116-33-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-33-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-18911116" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-18911116" type="surname" value="POOLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-18911116" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE POOLE</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding.
<persName id="t18911116-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-174" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-174" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-33-offence-1 t18911116-name-174"/>Henry Dunn</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-175" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-175" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>CHARLES EDWARD DOUGLAS</persName> </hi>. I am a schoolmaster, at Three Colt Lane, where the Union Jack Brigade holds its classes twice a week—I was there on the evening of October 27th, when the prisoner and Dunn, who are members, were there—the prisoner was sitting on Dunn's right; there were only three on the form—my attention was called to Dunn, who had fainted—I went up to him and thought he was in a fit; I found, him sitting in a pool of blood, and said to the prisoner, "You have stabbed him, you brute; give me the knife"—he handed me this knife, closed—I fancy he took it from his pocket—he said, in a. very morose and sullen manner, that he did not mean to hurt him—I told a boy to take charge of him, and took Dunn, into another room and wrapped up his leg—he was taken to the hospital, but lost a good deal of blood in the meantime—the prisoner was given into custody—the pencils were sharpened before school began; school had begun half an hour—the prisoner had only been in the brigade, about a month—I know of no quarrel between them, but I have heard from other boys that there had been threats.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-176" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-176" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DUNN</persName> </hi>. I am one of the Union Jack Shoe Black Brigade—on October 10th I was attending school at Three Colt Street, and sat on the prisoner's left—he pulled out a knife and pretended to sharpen a pencil, but it was sharpened already—the schoolmaster came round before he had time to do anything, and he shut the knife and put it in his pocket—he opened it again when the schoolmaster went by, and stuck it into my thigh, a little under the hip bone—I saw him make the blow—I put my hand to the place and found it full of blood—I said, "Do you know what you have done?"-—he said, "Yes, I know I have"—I said to the boy next me, "He has stabbed me," and then I fainted, and found myself next in the hospital—I was there a week, and am an out-patient still—I had had no quarrel with him—we do not work near one another—I cannot account for this—boys have told me that he has threatened me, but I never heard him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-177" type="surname" value="FAGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-177" type="given" value="ARTHUR LEDGER"/>ARTHUR ST. LEDGER FAGAN</persName> </hi>. I am house-surgeon to the London Hospital—on the night of October 17th Dunn was brought in, suffering from an incised wound on his right thigh, about an inch and a half deep and half an inch wide—it was not very serious of itself, but the loss of blood made it serious; the blade of this knife would produce it—he was a week in the hospital, and has been to see me two or three times a week since.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He has quite recovered now—the weapon must have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160045"/>
<p>been used with considerable force, it passed through, his trousers, and the skin is very thick there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-178" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-178" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CHAPMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">K.R</hi>. 59). The prisoner was given into my custody and charged with stabbing Dunn in the leg; he said, "I did not mean to hurt him."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> We got playing together and larking; the corporal saw us larking together and threatened to report us.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-179" type="surname" value="DUNNL"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-179" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DUNNL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>), I was not larking and playing with him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">C. E. DOUGLAS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The boys were exceptionally quiet and good that evening—I heard no misconduct whatever.—
<rs id="t18911116-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlaw
<lb/>fully wounding; strongly recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on account of his youth.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-33-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-33-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-33-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-18911116 t18911116-33-punishment-35"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-34">
<interp inst="t18911116-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-34" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-18911116 t18911116-34-offence-1 t18911116-34-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-34-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-18911116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-18911116" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-18911116" type="surname" value="GREENWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-18911116" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET GREENWOOD</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18911116-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-181" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-181" type="surname" value="MADDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-181" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-34-offence-1 t18911116-name-181"/>Ellen Madden</persName>, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-182" type="surname" value="MADDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-182" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN MADDEN</persName> </hi>. I live at 8, Half moon Court, Portpool Lane—on Novem
<lb/>ber 2nd, about 6 p.m., I had just left off work, and was walking up Hol
<lb/>born with a friend—the prisoner came out of a public-house with a friend, with a jug in her hand—her friend took the jug from her—the prisoner followed me and called me bad names, and struck me on my eye with a knife, and a second blow across my right ear; she also stabbed me three times on my head; and three weeks before she stabbed me—I was all over blood and gave her in charge—I saw the knife taken from her before the policeman came up—she said, "I will have your life before I have done with you"—the doctor said that the largest wound was three inches long—there is a mark left of the wound on my ear, and a large scar on my nose, and marks of wounds on my neck.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I did not spit in your face—we did not have a row—you also stabbed me in Leather Lane three weeks ago, and I did not prosecute you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The quarrel was that she said I wished her young man might get seven years; I had not said that.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner.</hi> You said it to my face.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-183" type="surname" value="ALLINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-183" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ALLINGHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">E</hi> 222). On 2nd November, about 6 p.m., I was at the corner of Fulwood's Rents and saw the prisoner and prosecutrix and other girls quarrelling; I parted them, and they went away—about 7.15 I saw a large crowd in Holborn, and heard the prosecutrix scream, "I am being stabbed;" she and the prisoner were holding one another's hair, and the prosecutrix was bleeding profusely from wounds on her head and face; her right ear was cut half-way through, and there was a wound on her head two inches long; she had six or seven wounds altogether—she gave the prisoner in charge—on the way to the station the prisoner said, "I will have her b----life yet"; and on the charge being read, she said, "She is big enough and ugly enough to beat me; and if I used a knife, she could have done the same"—the prosecutrix was perfectly sober; the prisoner had been drinking, but was not drunk—I saw no instrument; I was pushed about by what they call the forty thieves—the prosecutrix was saturated with blood; these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are some of her clothes—a doctor attended her at the station and dressed her wounds; they are healing now.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner handed in a written statement, saying that the prosecutrix spat</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160046"/>
<hi rend="italic">in her face, and that her friend pulled her hair, but that she did not use a knife</hi>
<rs id="t18911116-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-34-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-34-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-34-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-18911116 t18911116-34-punishment-36"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18911116-35">
<interp inst="t18911116-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18911116"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-35" type="date" value="18911116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18911116-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-18911116 t18911116-35-offence-1 t18911116-35-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-35-18911116" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-18911116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-18911116" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-18911116" type="surname" value="THORNTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-18911116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THORNTON</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18911116-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18911116-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-185" type="surname" value="LATIMER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-185" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18911116-35-offence-1 t18911116-name-185"/>Thomas Henry Latimer</persName>, and stealing six coats and three pairs of trousers, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-186" type="surname" value="LATIMER"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-186" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY LATIMER</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor, of 19, Store Street, Bedford Square—I sleep in a room at the back of the shop; they communicate by a glass door—on October 31st I returned home early in the morning, and a woman took hold of my arm and wanted to go home with me; I objected, and when she left me I was struck on the back of my neck by a man; a crowd surrounded me, but I got home, and on putting the key into my door, three persons tried to prevent my entering—I was struck again, and nearly sent into my shop—I got in, but left the key in the door, which I closed behind me; they tried to force it, but I succeeded in keeping it closed, and in my excitement I forgot the key—I waited in the shop half-an-hour and then went to bed, and forgot even to bolt the door—a little time after I had gone to bed I heard a noise in the shop; I sat up in bed, and saw through the glass door a light in the shop—I jumped out of bed and saw the reflection of what I took to be three men taking clothes down from the brackets and folding them up; I merely saw their shadows; I went to the private door, and saw the prisoner just escaping out of the shop, carrying these clothes—I followed him a long way up Gower Street, and kept him in sight—he halted and sat in a doorway, and I hid in a doorway on the opposite side—a policeman came and I gave him in custody; he had the clothes with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I was perfectly sober—I had no drink with the woman, she was only with me a minute—I do not recognise you as one of those who struck me—there was no blind to the door I looked through—I was afraid to make an alarm, being single-handed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-187" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-187" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BEARD</persName> </hi>. I am a cabman, of 21, Little Goodge Street—on October 31st, about 12.50 a.m., I saw the prisoner coming out of Mr. Latimer's, shop with a bundle; Mr. Latimer followed him—I saw the prisoner again at Tottenham-court Road Police-station—I also saw another man come out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot swear to the other man; he came out some minutes before you, and went in another direction—I identify you because you were under the lamp.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18911116-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18911116-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-188" type="surname" value="SHEPHEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-name-188" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SHEPHEARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 443). On October 31st I was on duty in Gower Street, and Latimer pointed to the prisoner, who was sitting down opposite with a bundle of clothes, and charged him; he had a coat and a pair of trousers—he said, "I know nothing about it."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You were perfectly sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">T. H. LATIMER</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). These are my clothes; they were safe in my shop that night.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defence, stated that he had been to a music-hall, and having had a lot of drink, sat down on a doorstep, and was woke up by a constable who charged him with stealing the clothes which were by him</hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189111160047"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18911116-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">in a conviction at Marlborough Street on April</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18911116-35-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18911116-35-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18911116-35-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-18911116 t18911116-35-punishment-37"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.