<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
<div0 type="sessionsPaper" id="t18910914">
<interp inst="t18910914" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140001"/>
<xptr type="transcription" doc="18910914"/>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18910914">
<interp inst="f18910914" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="f18910914" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t18910914-name-1">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, September 14th, 1891, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-2" type="surname" value="LAWRANCE"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-2" type="given" value="JOHN COMPTON"/>JOHN COMPTON LAWRANCE</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-3" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-3" type="surname" value="KEYSER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-3" type="given" value="POLYDORE DE"/>POLYDORE DE KEYSER</persName> </hi>, Knt., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-4" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-4" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Bart., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-5" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-5" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH RENALS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-6" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-6" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>WALTER HENRY WILKIN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-7" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-7" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-8" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-8" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK GREEN</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-9" type="surname" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-9" type="given" value="MARCUS"/>MARCUS SAMUEL</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-10" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-10" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., D.C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-11" type="surname" value="FARMER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-11" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FARMER</persName> </hi>, Knt.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">AUGUSTUS HENRY GLOSSOP HARRIS</hi>, Knt.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-12" type="surname" value="SHEPHEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-12" type="given" value="BEAUMONT"/>BEAUMONT SHEPHEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-13" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-13" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140003"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAVORY, MAYOR. ELEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, September</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-634">
<interp inst="t18910914-634" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-634" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-634-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-634-18910914 t18910914-634-offence-1 t18910914-634-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-634-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-634-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-634-18910914" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-634-18910914" type="surname" value="BREW"/>
<interp inst="def1-634-18910914" type="given" value="BENJAMIN MADDOCKS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENJAMIN MADDOCKS BREW</hi> (52)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-634-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-634-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-634-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>wag indicted for un
<lb/>lawfully obtaining from the Embossed Wood Fibre Company, Limited, £791 13s., and from
<persName id="t18910914-name-15" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-15" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-15" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-634-offence-1 t18910914-name-15"/>John Barker</persName> and others £833 6s. 8d., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-634-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-634-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-634-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-635">
<interp inst="t18910914-635" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-635" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-635-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-635-18910914 t18910914-635-offence-1 t18910914-635-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-635-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-635-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-635-18910914" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-635-18910914" type="surname" value="WHYTING"/>
<interp inst="def1-635-18910914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WHYTING</hi> (24)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-635-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-635-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-635-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18910914-635-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-635-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-635-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> to stealing £152 10s. of
<persName id="t18910914-name-17" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-17" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-635-offence-1 t18910914-name-17"/>the London and County Banking Company, Limited</persName>, his masters.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-635-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-635-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-635-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-635-18910914 t18910914-635-punishment-1"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-636">
<interp inst="t18910914-636" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-636" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-636-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-636-18910914 t18910914-636-offence-1 t18910914-636-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-636-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-636-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-636-18910914" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-636-18910914" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-636-18910914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM COOPER</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-636-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-636-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-636-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing two bracelets and other articles, value £60, of
<persName id="t18910914-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-19" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-636-offence-1 t18910914-name-19"/>the Science and Art Department</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-636-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-636-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-636-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-636-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-636-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-636-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-636-18910914 t18910914-636-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-637">
<interp inst="t18910914-637" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-637" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-637-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-637-18910914 t18910914-637-offence-1 t18910914-637-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-637-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-637-18910914 t18910914-637-offence-1 t18910914-637-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-637-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-637-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-637-18910914" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-637-18910914" type="surname" value="BRUCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-637-18910914" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY BRUCE</hi> (39)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-637-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-637-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-637-18910914" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-637-18910914" type="surname" value="PRIMMER"/>
<interp inst="def2-637-18910914" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY PRIMMER</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-637-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-637-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-637-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, to unlawfully and maliciously damaging a plate-glass window, the property of
<persName id="t18910914-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-22" type="surname" value="BENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-22" type="given" value="JAMES WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-637-offence-1 t18910914-name-22"/>James William Benson</persName> and others.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-637-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-637-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-637-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-637-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-637-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-637-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-637-18910914 t18910914-637-punishment-3"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-637-18910914 t18910914-637-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-638">
<interp inst="t18910914-638" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-638" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-638-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-638-18910914 t18910914-638-offence-1 t18910914-638-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-638-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-638-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-638-18910914" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-638-18910914" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-638-18910914" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT WOOD</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-638-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-638-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-638-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, to unlawfully damaging a plate-glass window of
<persName id="t18910914-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-24" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-24" type="given" value="JOHN MASON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-638-offence-1 t18910914-name-24"/>John Mason Cook</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-638-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-638-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-638-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-638-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-638-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-638-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-638-18910914 t18910914-638-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-639">
<interp inst="t18910914-639" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-639" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-639-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-639-18910914 t18910914-639-offence-1 t18910914-639-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-639-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-639-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-639-18910914" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-639-18910914" type="surname" value="HARTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-639-18910914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HARTLEY</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-639-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-639-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-639-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, to feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910914-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-26" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-26" type="given" value="CLARA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-639-offence-1 t18910914-name-26"/>Clara Jones</persName>, and stealing a quantity of gas fittings and other articles, value £10.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-639-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-639-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-639-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-639-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-639-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-639-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-639-18910914 t18910914-639-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-640">
<interp inst="t18910914-640" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-640" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-640-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-640-18910914 t18910914-640-offence-1 t18910914-640-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-640-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-640-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-640-18910914" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-640-18910914" type="surname" value="HAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-640-18910914" type="given" value="FREDERICK SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-640-18910914" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK SAMUEL HAM</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-640-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-640-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-640-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, a letter containing 15s., the property of
<persName id="t18910914-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-28" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-640-offence-1 t18910914-name-28"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-640-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-640-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-640-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-640-18910914 t18910914-640-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-641">
<interp inst="t18910914-641" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-641" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-641-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-641-18910914 t18910914-641-offence-1 t18910914-641-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-641-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-641-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-641-18910914" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-641-18910914" type="surname" value="HUGHESDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-641-18910914" type="given" value="WALTER HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-641-18910914" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER HERBERT HUGHESDEN</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-641-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-641-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-641-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>. to stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, a post letter containing a postal order for 15s.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-641-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-641-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-641-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-641-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-641-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-641-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-641-18910914 t18910914-641-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-642">
<interp inst="t18910914-642" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-642" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-642-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-642-18910914 t18910914-642-offence-1 t18910914-642-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-642-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-642-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-642-18910914" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-642-18910914" type="surname" value="HUCKLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-642-18910914" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="def1-642-18910914" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR HUCKLE</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-642-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-642-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-642-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, a letter containing a postal order for 7s. 6d.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-642-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-642-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-642-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-642-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-642-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-642-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-642-18910914 t18910914-642-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-643">
<interp inst="t18910914-643" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-643" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-643-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-643-18910914 t18910914-643-offence-1 t18910914-643-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-643-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-643-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-643-18910914" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-643-18910914" type="surname" value="MAINWARING"/>
<interp inst="def1-643-18910914" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-643-18910914" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WILLIAM MAINWARING</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-643-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-643-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-643-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, a letter containing a sovereign, two half-crowns, and 1s. 6d.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-643-verdict-" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-643-verdict-" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-643-verdict-" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-643-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-643-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-643-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-643-18910914 t18910914-643-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-644">
<interp inst="t18910914-644" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-644" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-644-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-644-18910914 t18910914-644-offence-1 t18910914-644-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-644-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-644-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-644-18910914" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-644-18910914" type="surname" value="POWLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-644-18910914" type="given" value="ALFRED WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-644-18910914" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED WILLIAM POWLEY</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-644-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-644-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-644-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to three indictments for stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, letters containing postal orders for 10s., 2s. 6d., and 2s. 6d.</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-644-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-644-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-644-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-644-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-644-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-644-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-644-18910914 t18910914-644-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-645">
<interp inst="t18910914-645" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-645" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-645-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-645-18910914 t18910914-645-offence-1 t18910914-645-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140004"/>
<persName id="def1-645-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-645-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-645-18910914" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-645-18910914" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-645-18910914" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-645-18910914" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE THOMAS</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-645-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-645-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-645-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, a packet containing 16s. 6d.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-645-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-645-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-645-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-645-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-645-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-645-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-645-18910914 t18910914-645-punishment-11"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-646">
<interp inst="t18910914-646" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-646" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-646-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-646-18910914 t18910914-646-offence-1 t18910914-646-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-646-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-646-18910914 t18910914-646-offence-2 t18910914-646-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-646-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-646-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-646-18910914" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-646-18910914" type="surname" value="RHODES"/>
<interp inst="def1-646-18910914" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-646-18910914" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY RHODES</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-646-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-646-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-646-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to four indictments for stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, letters containing postal orders,</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-646-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-646-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-646-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>and feloniously forging and uttering receipts for the same.</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-646-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-646-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-646-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-646-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-646-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-646-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-646-18910914 t18910914-646-punishment-12"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> Nearly</hi> 3,000
<hi rend="italic">stolen letters were stated to have been traced to the possession of the prisoner.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-647">
<interp inst="t18910914-647" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-647" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-647-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-647-18910914 t18910914-647-offence-1 t18910914-647-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-647-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-647-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-647-18910914" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-647-18910914" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="def1-647-18910914" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL BISHOP</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-647-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-647-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-647-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to four indictments for forging and uttering endorsements on orders for the payment of money.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-647-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-647-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-647-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-647-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-647-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-647-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-647-18910914 t18910914-647-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-648">
<interp inst="t18910914-648" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-648" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-648-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-648-18910914 t18910914-648-offence-1 t18910914-648-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-648-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-648-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-648-18910914" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-648-18910914" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-648-18910914" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-648-18910914" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BROWN</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-648-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-648-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-648-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing a post letter containing a postal order for 20s., the property of
<persName id="t18910914-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-37" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-648-offence-1 t18910914-name-37"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-648-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-648-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-648-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-648-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-648-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-648-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-648-18910914 t18910914-648-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">One Day's Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-649">
<interp inst="t18910914-649" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-649" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-649-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-649-18910914 t18910914-649-offence-1 t18910914-649-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-649-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-649-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-649-18910914" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-649-18910914" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-649-18910914" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-649-18910914" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES KING</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-649-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-649-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-649-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing a post letter containing certain postal orders, the property of
<persName id="t18910914-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-39" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-649-offence-1 t18910914-name-39"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-649-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-649-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-649-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-649-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-649-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-649-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-649-18910914 t18910914-649-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-650">
<interp inst="t18910914-650" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-650" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-650-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-650-18910914 t18910914-650-offence-1 t18910914-650-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-650-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-650-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-650-18910914" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-650-18910914" type="surname" value="DESBOROUGH"/>
<interp inst="def1-650-18910914" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-650-18910914" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN THOMAS DESBOROUGH</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-650-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-650-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-650-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing two post letters, the property of
<persName id="t18910914-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-41" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-650-offence-1 t18910914-name-41"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-650-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-650-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-650-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-650-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-650-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-650-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-650-18910914 t18910914-650-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-651">
<interp inst="t18910914-651" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-651" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-651-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-651-18910914 t18910914-651-offence-1 t18910914-651-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-651-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-651-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-651-18910914" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-651-18910914" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-651-18910914" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE EDWARD ROGERS</hi> (49)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-651-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-651-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-651-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, to attempting to kill and murder himself.</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-651-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-651-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-651-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-651-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-651-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-651-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-651-18910914 t18910914-651-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-19">
<interp inst="t18910914-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-19" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-18910914 t18910914-19-offence-1 t18910914-19-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-19-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18910914" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18910914" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18910914" type="given" value="JOHN ZAVIER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ZAVIER WILLIS</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering an order for the payment of £78 15s.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-18910914 t18910914-19-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, September</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-653">
<interp inst="t18910914-653" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-653" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-653-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-653-18910914 t18910914-653-offence-1 t18910914-653-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-653-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-653-18910914 t18910914-653-offence-1 t18910914-653-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-653-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-653-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-653-18910914" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-653-18910914" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-653-18910914" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN TURNER</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-653-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-653-18910914" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-653-18910914" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def2-653-18910914" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def2-653-18910914" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALICE TURNER</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-653-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-653-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-653-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully possessing a mould for coining counterfeit florins,</rs>to which John Turner
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-653-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-653-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-653-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-653-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-653-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-653-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-653-18910914 t18910914-653-punishment-19"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence against Alice Turner.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-653-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-653-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-653-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-654">
<interp inst="t18910914-654" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-654" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-654-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-654-18910914 t18910914-654-offence-1 t18910914-654-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-654-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-654-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-654-18910914" type="age" value="59"/>
<interp inst="def1-654-18910914" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-654-18910914" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHAELES. COLLINS</hi> (59)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-654-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-654-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-654-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-47" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-47" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-47" type="given" value="MATILDA"/>MATILDA COLE</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Queen Adelaide, Hackney Road—on August 17th, about 9.50, the prisoner came in for a glass of mild and bitter ale, and gave me a florin; I put it in the till, gave him the change, and he left—he returned about 10.10 to the middle compartment, and asked me for a glass of mild and bitter ale, and gave me a florin; I put it into the till, and gave him 1s. 10 1/2 d. change, and he left—he came again about twenty minutes afterwards for some mild and bitter ale, and gave me a florin; I tried it in the tester, and it bent—I showed it to my aunt, and a policeman was sent for—we had cleared the till, and put the money in a glass behind after the prisoner's second visit, and then we went to supper—five florins were found in the glass, two of which were bad—these are them—I gave the third to my aunt, and saw her give all three to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> There are three compartments in the bar, two persons were serving besides me—I did not notice whether you were sober the first or second time I served you—I did not know you as a customer—I do not know whether you came in a fourth time.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140005"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-48" type="surname" value="DUNGATE"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-48" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DUNGATE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">J</hi> 167). On 17th August, about 10.30, I was called from the point, to the Queen Adelaide, 200 or 300 yards off—the landlady said that the prisoner had passed three coins, holding them in her hand in front of him; he said nothing—I took him in custody, searched him, and found one penny in his trousers pocket—I took him to the station—he was charged and said nothing; he had been drinking, but was not drunk—he gave his address, 21, Green Man Street, Essex Road, Islington.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The barmaid said that you gave her three coins, but a fourth was found in the till after you were taken into custody—the barmaid said she put the coins in a glass a minute or two after she changed them; she said nothing about putting them in the till—I found your address correct, and saw your wife and children—I found nothing detrimental to your character.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-49" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-49" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these three coins are counterfeit, and from the same mould—here is a fourth here which is from a different mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence denied knowing that the coins were bad. He received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-654-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-654-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-654-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, September</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-655">
<interp inst="t18910914-655" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-655" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-655-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-655-18910914 t18910914-655-offence-1 t18910914-655-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-655-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-655-18910914 t18910914-655-offence-2 t18910914-655-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-655-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-655-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-655-18910914" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-655-18910914" type="surname" value="LESLIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-655-18910914" type="given" value="ASHTON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ASHTON LESLIE</hi>,.
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<rs id="t18910914-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-655-18910914 t18910914-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HORACE LIDDINGTON</hi> </rs> (19)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<rs id="t18910914-655-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-655-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-655-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to two indictments for uttering two forged orders for £12 and £20;</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-655-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-655-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-655-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to another indictment for uttering a forged order for a cheque-book.</rs> He received a good character from his employer, and his brother stated that his conduct had been so extraordinary that his intellect was supposed to be affected.—
<rs id="t18910914-655-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-655-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-655-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18910914-655-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-655-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-655-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-665-18910914 t18910914-655-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-656">
<interp inst="t18910914-656" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-656" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-656-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18910914 t18910914-656-offence-1 t18910914-656-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-656-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-656-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-656-18910914" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-656-18910914" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-656-18910914" type="given" value="ARMON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARMON HICKS</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-656-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-656-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-656-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, To feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18910914-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-52" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-52" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-52" type="given" value="ELEANOR MARGARET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-656-offence-1 t18910914-name-52"/>Eleanor Margaret Moore</persName>, his wife being then living.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-656-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-656-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-656-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-656-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-656-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-656-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-656-18910914 t18910914-656-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two Days' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-657">
<interp inst="t18910914-657" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-657" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-657-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-657-18910914 t18910914-657-offence-1 t18910914-657-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-657-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-657-18910914 t18910914-657-offence-2 t18910914-657-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-657-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-657-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-657-18910914" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-657-18910914" type="surname" value="COUSINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-657-18910914" type="given" value="THOMAS CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-657-18910914" type="occupation" value="Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CHARLES COUSINS</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-657-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-657-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-657-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing a post letter containing three postal orders for 20s., 20s., and 10s., whilst employed in the Post Office.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. H.C. RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-54" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-54" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Confidential Inquiry Department of the General Post Office—in consequence of losses on the prisoner's delivery I was directed to make inquiries—in consequence of those inquiries I made up a test letter containing three postal orders, two for twenty shillings and one for ten shillings—I privately marked each order and put them in this letter, directed to Mr. T. Leeson, 129, Villa Street, Walworth—I posted it at half-past three on 22nd July at the S. E. office—I had previously given notice to Mr. Mackenzie as to where the letter was going—I ascertained at seven that night that the letter had not been delivered—next morning I went with constable Bick to watch the prisoner's residence in Thomas Street, Beresford Street, Walworth—at twelve at noon I saw the prisoner leave his lodgings in plain clothes—after he had gone a little way Bick stopped him—I then spoke to him—I told him who I was, and said, "Yesterday afternoon, at 3.30, I posted a letter at the S. E. district office containing three postal orders,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140006"/>
<p>two of twenty shillings and one of ten shillings, addressed to Mr. T. Leeson, 129, Villa Street, Walworth; this letter should have been delivered by you last night; it was not de
<lb/>livered; do you know anything about it?"—he said, "I have not seen it; I had nothing for them last night but a paper"—I said, "Have you the letter in your pocket?"—he said, "No"—I then asked if he had any postal orders in his pocket; he said, "No, sir"—I said, "Then you don't know anything about the letter?"—he said, "No, I have not seen it"—I then said, "You must go with me to the General Post Office and be searched"—he then said, "The letter is in my pocket, but it is not open, I am just going to deliver it; I forgot it last night"—he was then taken to the General Post Office and searched by Bick in my presence, and this letter was taken, in its present condition, but it has gone a little more; it shows that a portion of the back part of the envelope has adhered to the gum—I said to the prisoner, "This is the letter which I posted last night; how do you account for its being open?"—he said, "I don't know"—I said, "Why did you say when you were stopped that you had not soon the letter?"—he said, "I did not know what to say"—several loose postage stamps were found on him, twenty penny unobliterated, and four halfpenny stamps—I asked where ho got them from; he said ho had had them for a long time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Bick went up to the prisoner first; I was a little behind him—I remember the conversation I had with the prisoner, and I made a note of it in shorthand, part of it as soon as I got to the office, and part at the time the conversation took place—I am quite positive he first said he had not seen the letter—the Magistrate at the Police-court asked to see the letter; he did not say it did not seem to have been gummed down properly—letters had boon missing from this district from about March this year—the prisoner had been there since 29th January—he bad been previously employed at another office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-55" type="surname" value="MACKENZIE"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-55" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK MACKENZIE</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of the S. E District Post Office—I was on duty on 22nd July, and in consequence of a communication from last witness I took possession of the letter from the letter-box and placed it with a bundle of other letters in the office; the envelope was then intact.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-56" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-56" type="given" value="CHARLES HAMMOND"/>CHARLES HAMMOND WEBB</persName> </hi>. I am acting overseer at the Walworth Post Office—the prisoner has been employed there since 29th January—he was on duty on 22nd July, between the hours of live and nine—the S. E. bag arrived at our office at six minutes past seven; this letter was sorted among the prisoner's letters, and should have been delivered.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-57" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-57" type="given" value="BERNARD"/>BERNARD GREEN</persName> </hi>. I am managing clerk to Mr. Leeson, of 129, Villa Street, Walworth—I know the prisoner as the postman delivering letters there—I was expecting this letter on the evening of 22nd July—the prisoner delivered a paper that evening, but no letter—I communicated that fact to the Post Office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-58" type="surname" value="BICK"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-58" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP BICK</persName> </hi>. I am a constable attached to the General Post Office—on 23rd July I went to Hereford Street, and watched the prisoner's lodgings—I first saw him about twelve o'clock, when he left his house—I followed him for some distance; he was going towards Walworth Road—I then stopped him, and said, "I believe your name is Cousins"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "You belong to the Post Office?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "So do I, and a gentleman from there wishes to speak to you;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140007"/>
<p>where was you going now, you were not going on duty, were you?"—he said, "No, I don't go on duty till five o'clock; I was just going out for a walk," he was in plain clothes—after that Mr. Edwards came up and spoke to him—I have heard Mr. Edwards' evidence, and confirm it—I searched the prisoner, and inside his coat pocket I found this letter, open as it now appears, and in a waistcoat pocket I found these stamps—I formally charged him with stealing this letter—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">At the request of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">after some hesitation as to the regularity of such a course, permitted the prisoner to make his own defence to the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">in which he stated that he had accidentally omitted to deliver the letter at the proper delivery, and was about to do so next morning, when he was arrested.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-657-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-657-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-657-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<rs id="t18910914-657-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-657-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-657-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner for stealing another letter, to which he</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-657-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-657-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-657-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-657-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-657-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-657-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-657-18910914 t18910914-657-punishment-22"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-658">
<interp inst="t18910914-658" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-658" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-658-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-658-18910914 t18910914-658-offence-1 t18910914-658-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-658-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-658-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-658-18910914" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-658-18910914" type="surname" value="BILLINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-658-18910914" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER BILLINGS</hi> (60)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-658-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-658-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-658-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18910914-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-60" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-60" type="given" value="HARRIETT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-658-offence-1 t18910914-name-60"/>Harriett Russell</persName> £700, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FARRAUT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-61" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-61" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-61" type="given" value="HARRIETT"/>HARRIETT RUSSELL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Edward Thomas Russell, of 1, Belmont Villas, Queen's Road, Richmond-in March, 1889, I wished to invest some money, and I applied to my solicitor, who introduced me to the prisoner at 15, Fish Street Hill, my solicitor's office—the prisoner said, "I want to borrow some money," and then my solicitor showed me this statutory declaration; I cannot say whether I saw the prisoner sign it, but it is in the prisoner's hand writing, because I have seen him sign—this was read over to him at the time the money was lent, on 4th April, 1889. (
<hi rend="italic">In this instrument the prisoner declared that he had not charged, assigned, or otherwise encumbered his share under the will of Albert Billings, save as the same was charged by the indentures dated</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th December,</hi> 1888,
<hi rend="italic">in favour of George Brown and George Hall Hall</hi>)—on the strength of this declaration I advanced him £700 in cash on the same day—I saw the prisoner at the same time sign this mortgage, which he handed to me. (
<hi rend="italic">In this document the prisoner was described as mortgagor and beneficial owner</hi>)—on 11th July, 1889, the prisoner applied to me for another £700 loan, offering the same security as before—he made this second declaration, which I saw him sign; it is almost precisely like the first one—I then advanced him another £700 in cash—he also signed this document in my presence, and it was handed to me—the prisoner paid interest till July, 1890, but after that he paid neither principal nor interest—I heard nothing of him after July, 1890, till I found he was at the Old Bailey in July 28th this year, and I came and heard the case; he had had £250 from someone last Christmas—he was acquitted then—I went to a solicitor and took these proceedings at once.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-62" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-62" type="given" value="EDWARD THOMAS"/>EDWARD THOMAS RUSSELL</persName> </hi>. I am the last witness's husband—I was present on 4th April and 11th July, 1889, when the prisoner signed the declarations and deeds; my wife's evidence is perfectly correct—she asked the prisoner on the first occasion, "I hope what you are stating: in your statutory declaration is true, because the money will make a deal of difference to me;" and he said, "I am a man of honour, and I have never robbed anybody in my life," and the solicitor said, "If it is not true, Mr. Billings, you know you are liable for ten years"—I saw the prisoner sign both declarations, and they were read over to him first—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140008"/>
<p>he stated they were true—when signing he made some sort of remark; I think he said, "This is my hand and seal"—I saw the money pass on both occasions.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-63" type="surname" value="BUSS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-63" type="given" value="CHARLES ANGELO"/>CHARLES ANGELO BUSS</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor and a commissioner to administer oaths in the Supreme Court of Judicature, at 62, King William Street—this declaration A was made before me on 4th April, 1889, by the prisoner; this is my handwriting—possibly it was signed before he brought it to me—I asked him in the usual form if he solemnly declared it to be his handwriting and the contents true, and he said yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-64" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-64" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WOOD</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor and a commissioner, of 13, Fish Street Hill—on 11th July, 1889, I took this declaration B in the usual form—I put the usual question, which he answered in the affirmative.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-65" type="surname" value="HELLIER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-65" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN HELLIER</persName> </hi>. I am managing clerk to Messrs. Lawford and Co., solicitors, of 28, Austin Friars—they are solicitors to William Radford and his wife Emma, and have had the management of their business for the last ten years—William Radford is one of the trustees under the will of Albert Billings, the prisoner's brother—under that will "the prisoner had a reversionary interest in one-sixth of the residuary estate—on 27th September, 1880, he executed a mortgage on that interest to Mr. Silberberg, in consideration of £400—Mr. Silberberg brought an action against the mortgagor and recovered judgment in 1881—the prisoner then applied to Mr. William Radford to relieve him from the pressure Mr. Silberberg was putting on him—Mr. Radford handed me £500, and told me to do the best I could—on 8th November, 1881, I saw the prisoner, and obtained his written instructions to settle with Silberberg and some other creditors—I did so, and on the same day I obtained a reassignment of Silberberg's mortgage to the prisoner; and on 11th November I procured his execution in my presence of a new mortgage to Mr. Radford, in consideration of the £500, of the one-sixth share of the residuary interest; the balance of the £500 was handed over to the prisoner—in April, 1882, the prisoner, who was represented by a solicitor, Mr. Smith, proposed to sell the reversion, subject to a mortgage, for a further sum of £300—Mr. Smith arrived at the figures—after some discussion the business was carried out, and an absolute assignment of the reversionary interest, subject to the mortgage, was prepared; the draft was submitted to the prisoner's solicitor, and after some discussion was approved, engrossed, and executed, and the £300 paid over on the written order of the prisoner to his solicitor, the purchaser being Mrs. Emma Radford—therefore the prisoner had parted absolutely under this deed with all his interests under his late brother's will—he had his own solicitor, and it was not my province to explain the matter to him; but on the occasion before that I adopted all precautions, and took care that the engross
<lb/>ment and draft were read over to him before he executed the deed—with reference to the assignment my instructions were to take care that his wife, who is a very good woman of business, should know thoroughly what was being done, and that it was an out and out sale, and I said I should require evidence of it, and he showed me a letter he had received from Mrs. Billings, and handed me the original on the completion—it was a step in the business, a
<hi rend="italic">sine quâ non,</hi> that the prisoner's wife should understand the matter before the completion—this is a press copy of the letter I wrote to the prisoner's solicitor.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140009"/>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, asserted that he was under the impression he was acting quite legally in raising the money; that he was not aware he had assigned his reversion to Mrs. Radford; that the present proceedings were taken because the parties were incensed at his acquittal at the previous trial.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-66" type="surname" value="BURGESS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-66" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY BURGESS</persName> </hi>. I am single—I have known the prisoner two years—he was my master—I was his servant—I know that Mr. Radford informed the prisoner that there was to be a second charge on the reversion, and he was going to invest the money for the benefit of his children—he informed my master that if he could get £800 he would take it into his own hands and allow him the interest.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-658-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-658-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-658-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-658-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-658-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-658-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-658-18910914 t18910914-658-punishment-23"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-659">
<interp inst="t18910914-659" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-659" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-659-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-659-18910914 t18910914-659-offence-1 t18910914-659-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-659-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-659-18910914 t18910914-659-offence-1 t18910914-659-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-659-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-659-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-659-18910914" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-659-18910914" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-659-18910914" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE RUSSELL</hi> (33)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-659-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-659-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-659-18910914" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-659-18910914" type="surname" value="CASTLING"/>
<interp inst="def2-659-18910914" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH CASTLING</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-659-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-659-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-659-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Indicted, with
<persName id="t18910914-name-69">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-69" type="surname" value="RICH"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-69" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>George Rich</persName>, not in custody, for stealing £3, the money of
<persName id="t18910914-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-70" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-70" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-659-offence-1 t18910914-name-70"/>William Williams</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. H. AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-71" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-71" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILLIAMS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">In custody</hi>). I am a cabman at 1, Ovey's Mews, Hammersmith—soon after five on the evening of 27th June I was at Aldridge's Horse Repository, St. Martin's Lane—Russell, whom I knew by sight, came up and wanted to know if I would buy a good cab-horse—I said yes—he went away—another man came up and spoke to me, and I went with him to the Globe public-house, New Compton Street; outside the Globe I saw a chesnut cob tied to—the tail of a cart—I had a look at the horse and went inside, where I saw George Rich—he spoke about the horse, and I agreed to buy it for £13 if it suited me after I had tried it—I was to pay £3 down before I tried it, and if it suited me I was to pay the other £10 on the Monday—Castling came inside and wrote out the receipt—after that arrangement was come to, this was written out: "Bought of J. Smith a chesnut horse for £13; £3 deposit, leaving balance of £10 to be paid. Signed P. Smith"—I could not say whether Castling or Rich signed the receipt; Castling wrote it out—the words "Before delivery" were written after "to be paid"—I think Rich struck them out—if the horse was not satisfactory, my £3 was to be returned to me—they were to come to my address to get the £10—while this was going on Russell came into the house, and said whatever was done he would be answerable for, and if I had not money to buy the horse he would lend "me £20 if I wanted it there and then—he then went out of the public-house—the horse had been given into the charge of Patrick Mahoney, who was holding the halter outside—I refused to pay the money till I had possession of the horse outside, and I went out and took hold of the horse—I paid Rich two sovereigns, ten shillings, and nine shillings in silver, and I was going to give him the other shilling, when Castling pulled the halter off the horse's head, and I was hustled and knocked down by Castling, Russell, Rich, and two others, and when I was on the ground the horse and money disappeared—I saw the crowd going with the men that had the money—I got up, and went after the crowd that was after Rich, who was running as hard as he could run towards Drury Lane—I ran and caught him, and had my hands oh him, when I was pulled from behind on to the ground, and he got away again—I had not seen Russell while I was running after Rich—I gave information to the police—two days afterwards I saw Rich</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140010"/>
<p>at the Elephant and Castle, and gave him into custody, and charged him at Marlborough Mews Police-station on the evening of 29th June—next morning, about eight, Russell and Glover came to my house—Russell said, "I have come about
<hi rend="italic">squaring</hi> that job about the horse on Saturday"—I said it was out of my hands altogether, I had nothing to do with it—Russell and Glover kept following me about and speaking about the matter till 10 o'clock, and in the end I received £5 from Glover in Russell's presence, and I wrote out this paper, which I afterwards saw Glover produce from his pocket after he had been charged at the Police-court—I had given it to Glover, whom I knew as Allen—that morning I did not go to the Police-court, but sent my wife there in consequence of Russell and Glover—after a little bit Truman spoke to me that morning—directly Russell and Glover went away I telegraphed to the Police-court, and then I went towards there and met the police officer, and then I was told that Rich had been discharged about two minutes before—on the 13th July I was called to Marlborough Street Station, where I saw the two prisoners in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have often purchased horses—Russell asked me if I had sold a horse which I had had for sale, and I said, "Yes"—Castling was not present then—Castling and Rich were present outside the Globe—a third person spoke to me there—I arranged, after a long conversation with Rich, to buy the horse which was in Castling's possession; he was holding it—I knew nothing about Castling, and had made no arrangement with him about the horse—Castling suggested the words "To be paid before delivery"—Rich and I arranged the terms on which I should buy the horse; Castling wrote the receipt, and no one told him what to put on it—when I came outside I told Mahoney to let go of the halter, and I took hold of the horse and paid the money—I had possession of the halter when I was knocked down—Russell came on the scene when I would not pay on the receipt; the arrangenent would not have come off at all if he had not come; I knew him, and thought it was all right—I had not handed over the £3, nor did I have possession of the horse, when Russell came—the words were struck out in the house either by Castling or Rich—we came out of the house on quite friendly terms—there were perhaps seven, eight, or ten persons outside when we came out; their number increased to about seventy, I daresay—I can hardly say who struck me first—Russell pushed me away the same as the re
<lb/>mainder—I believe I have said so before—Russell, Glover, and my wife were present when Glover paid me the money two days afterwards, Russell saw it paid; I said the second time I could not say whether Russell saw it, it slipped my memory till I thought of it afterwards—I had an exchange of horses with Trip, a horse-dealer or coper—I was to take a pony and £2—he gave me 10s. and the pony, and I left the horse in a stable belonging to his friend—Trip did not get his horse—the horse I got from Trip I kept some time and then sold; I did not give it to Trip, because he would not give me the 30s. he owed me; Trip tried to do me, and I did him instead—fifteen days ago I was charged with furious driving and got a month, and am in custody at present for that—as soon as I was knocked down it occurred to me that this was a trick—I went to the Police-court and complained about it; I said I knew Russell by sight—I made no charge against anyone; I knew it was a case of robbery at first—I told the police inspector what</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140011"/>
<p>had happened—I did not know the persons' names at the time—I had no conversation with Truman till after I had had the £5.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. This happened on Saturday—I gave information at once that certain persons had robbed me—on the Sunday I went to Marylebone and found out from another man what Russell's name was; I did not know it till after I had given information to the police—I was charged a fortnight ago for being drunk; I was arrested for furious driving; it was in consequence of being drunk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-72" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-72" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am "Williams' wife—on Monday, 29th June, Bussell and Glover called on me and gave the name of Allen—Russell said if he had been there nothing of this about knocking Williams down and selling Rich the chesnut horse would have occurred, because he would have paid all money and everything that was required; he would sooner pay all the damages than have it go into court—he asked where my husband was—I said I could not tell, but I believed he had gone to the City—Glover said, "Is he gone to Ward's sale-room?"—I said, "I don't know; he has gone on important business, I know"—Glover said, "I think I know what it is for; it is buying a horse on Saturday"—I said, "I need not tell you then"—Russell said, "If I had been there it would not have occurred, as I should have settled things"—Russell said Williams had bought the horse and Rich had gone off with the horse; he said his
<hi rend="italic">pal</hi> Rich had been
<hi rend="italic">nabbed</hi> for the horse dealing—both Russell and Glover repeated the same; both called Rich
<hi rend="italic">pal.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> That was on 29th June—Russell put his hand in his pocket and pulled out the money, and said he would sooner pay the money for anything rather than go into court—both Glover and Russell said, "Has he charged my
<hi rend="italic">pal</hi> Rich?" in fact all three were there, and they each one repeated the same words.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-73" type="surname" value="MAHONEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-73" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK MAHONEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 20, New Compton Street, and am a French-polisher—on 27th June I was standing outside the Globe public-house when I saw Williams come up—he talked to Rich, and they went into the Globe, Williams leaving a chesnut horse outside for me to hold—Castling came up and asked me to let him have hold of the horse—I refused, and a bit of a row took place—he tried to get the horse away from me while the others were inside the house; he did not get it away—the others came out of the house, and Williams took hold of the horse by the halter, and paid £2 10s. in gold and 10s. in silver to Rich, who then drew the halter off the horse's head and struck Williams to the ground, and put the bridle on, and he and Castling walked the horse away; Castling had the horse—Williams got up from the ground, ran after them, and caught Rich, and he and Rich had a row, and Rich struck him and knocked him down and got away a second time—he went away with Castling and the horse.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I first saw the horse it was in Castling's possession—Rich and Williams came up together; no one else was there at the time—I heard nothing of what took place in the public-house—Williams gave me the horse before he went into the public-house with Rich—when they came out they were talking—I saw no paper; I heard something about a receipt—I don't know what it was—Williams gave me possession of the horse before I saw the money pass.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-74" type="surname" value="SIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-74" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED SIMMONS</persName> </hi>. I am an upholsterer at 27, Queen Street, St. Martin's Lane—on this evening I was outside the Globe, and saw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140012"/>
<p>Williams, Rich, and Castling; they went into the public-house—Mahoney was taking care of the horse—Castling took the horse out of his hands—Mahoney said he would hit him if he did not leave go—Williams came out of the public-house with a paper in his hand, and he wanted Rich to cross something out—after a certain time Rich crossed something out, but not what Williams wanted—Williams paid some money to Rich and went to take hold of the horse, when Rich pulled him away and knocked Williams down with his stick, and Castling took the horse away—Russell was standing at the side; I did not see him do anything—Rich ran away; Williams got up and ran and caught up Rich, and had hold of him when Russell came up—I did not hear Russell say anything to them at the time, but afterwards he said if Williams did not pay the £10 to Rich, Russell would—Rich knocked Williams down again just as Russell was speaking, and Rich ran away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not hear what took place in the public-house—I was outside when they came out—there were a number of people about—Russell came on the scene some time after.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-75" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-75" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN ALLEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant C.</hi>) On 29th June I found a man named George Rich at Rodney Road Station, and took him to Marlborough Mews on a charge of stealing these £3 from Williams—next morning, 30th June, Rich was brought before the Magistrate; Mrs. Williams attended, and made some statement, in consequence of which Rich was discharged—half an hour after I met Williams in Regent Street, coming in the direction of the Police-court—on 13th July, in company with another officer, I arrested Castling at the Elephant and Castle Horse Repository—I told him he would be charged with stealing £3 at New Compton Street on 27th June—he said, "I don't know where New Compton Street is; I know nothing about it"—when the charge was read to him, he said again, "I know nothing about his money"—information of this robbery was given to the police on Saturday, 27th June.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-76" type="surname" value="CRACKITT"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-76" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID CRACKITT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant C</hi>). I arrested Russell on 13th July out
<lb/>side the Elephant and Castle Horse Repository, and charged him with stealing £3 in New Compton Street, the property of William Williamshe said, "I had no money"—he was eventually taken to Marlborough Mews Police-station and charged—he said, "Williams knows very well I did not steal his money and carry it away"—I searched and found on him £108 6s. 8d. in notes and gold—while taking Russell to the Policestation I noticed Glover, who said to Russell, "Shall I go to Hammersmith?"—Russell said, "Yes."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-77" type="surname" value="MAHONEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-77" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK MAHONEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Russell took no part in the struggle.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-659-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-659-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-659-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">See next case.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-660">
<interp inst="t18910914-660" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-660" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-660-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-660-18910914 t18910914-660-offence-1 t18910914-660-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-660-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-660-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-660-18910914" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-660-18910914" type="surname" value="GLOVER"/>
<interp inst="def1-660-18910914" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES GLOVER</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-660-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-660-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-660-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing £20, the money of
<persName id="t18910914-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-79" type="surname" value="PRATLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-79" type="given" value="JOSEPH WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-660-offence-1 t18910914-name-79"/>Joseph William Pratley</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count,</hi> receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-80" type="surname" value="PRATLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-80" type="given" value="JOSEPH WILLIAM"/>JOSEPH WILLIAM PRATLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a cab proprietor, at Havil Street, Camberwell—on 7th March I was in Aldridge's yard, when the prisoner came up and asked me if I wanted to buy a horse—I said no—he pressed me very much to go outside to look at one; he said he had brought it a long way, and was too late to get it entered at the repository, and he did</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140013"/>
<p>not want to take it back, but wanted to sell it—I went with him into West Street, and there saw a chesnut cob—while there two men came up and offered him some money, which one of them said was £24—the prisoner said, "No, you blackguard; I sold you the horse just now, and you deducted the commission; I won't sell it you now at all"—they went away—I bargained with him, and agreed to give him £20 for the horse, after trying it—I was going to a public-house with him to write out a receipt, and on the way there these two men came up again and abused him for selling it and me for buying it—I suggested we should leave the house, and I said to the prisoner, "Let them have the horse," as they made a bother about it—the horse at this time was standing in the street in charge of Glover's man—we went into another public-house, and I wrote out this receipt, "Bought of Mr. G. Allen, chesnut horse, warranted sound and a good worker, for £20. G. Allen"—that is the name he wrote—I gave him £20 in gold—then I went out of the public-house to get my brother to take the horse home, and on my way to where I last saw the horse, two men came up, one stepped directly on my foot to prevent my passing him and struck me on my mouth, and before I had time to move I was surrounded by about a dozen men—when I got back to where the horse had been, the horse and all the men were gone—I went back to the public-house and the prisoner had gone—I looked about the neighbourhood for about two hours, but saw nothing of the horse or the men or my money—subsequently, in July, I saw something in the newspapers about the charge just tried, and I communicated with the police, and on 28th July I was taken to the police-station, where I saw the prisoner among a number of men.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You did not give me the horse; I never had it—I have never seen it since—you said, when I picked you out, you had never seen me before, and if you had a pistol you would shoot me—I saw you once since, but while I went for a policeman you and your two friends, who had knocked me about, absconded.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I plead guilty to selling the horse and receiving £17 10a., I gave him the horse and put the cart and harness up in livery in St. Martin's Lane, and I fetched it away two hours afterwards. "</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said he sold the horse straightforwardly, and gave it to the man.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-660-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-660-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-660-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RUSSELL</hi>*
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CASTLING</hi>
<rs id="t18910914-660-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-660-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-660-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-659-18910914 t18910914-660-punishment-24"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-659-18910914 t18910914-660-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour each</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">GLOVER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-660-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-660-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-660-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-660-18910914 t18910914-660-punishment-25"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, September</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-661">
<interp inst="t18910914-661" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-661" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-661-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-661-18910914 t18910914-661-offence-1 t18910914-661-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-661-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-661-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-661-18910914" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-661-18910914" type="surname" value="MILLSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-661-18910914" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MILLSON</hi> (38)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-661-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-661-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-661-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>**
<rs id="t18910914-661-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-661-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-661-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a parcel containing twelve gross of Christmas cards, of
<persName id="t18910914-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-82" type="surname" value="SCOLES"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-82" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-661-offence-1 t18910914-name-82"/>Walter Scoles</persName> and another, after a conviction of felony at this Court on April 8th, 1889—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-661-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-661-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-661-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-661-18910914 t18910914-661-punishment-26"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-662">
<interp inst="t18910914-662" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-662" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-662-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-662-18910914 t18910914-662-offence-1 t18910914-662-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-662-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-662-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-662-18910914" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-662-18910914" type="surname" value="GARLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-662-18910914" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GARLAND</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-662-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-662-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-662-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously impairing, diminishing, and lightening three of the Queen's sovereigns.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140014"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-84" type="surname" value="DACE"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-84" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST DACE</persName> </hi>. I am barman to Mr. Edwards, of the Rose and Crown, Tottenham Court Road—the prisoner has been a regular customer ever since I came there on Whit Monday—on 14th July he came in for half a pint of Burton, price three-halfpence, and tendered a sovereign—I put it on the money-board, where there was no other sovereign, and saw Mr. Edwards pick it up; he spoke to me about it and took it away—on July 17th, about 2.15, the prisoner came in for half a pint of cyder, for which he paid a penny; he then gave me a sovereign, and asked me to give him two halves for it, or a half-sovereign and ten shillings in silver, which I did, and gave the sovereign to Mr. Edwards—on 21st July the prisoner came again for half a pint of Burton, and tendered a sovereign—I fetched Mr. Edwards from upstairs and gave it to him, and fetched a policeman—the first sovereign was of 1888, the second 1852, and the third 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We do a pretty good business; a great many people come in and out—I took the sovereign on the 14th about 7.45 p.m.—when the man came in two days afterwards I did not say, "You are the man who changed a sovereign here the other day," I did not think it was my place to speak to him—on the 21st the other young man Edwards spoke to the prisoner; he is not here—he is no relation of Mr. Edwards, the proprietor—I looked at the clock as soon as I fetched Mr. Edwards down, and it was 7.45.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I gave the identical sovereigns to my master.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-85" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-85" type="given" value="JOSEPH CHAS"/>JOSEPH CHAS. EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Rose and Crown, Totten
<lb/>ham Court Road—on 14th July I saw this sovereign of 1852 lying on the board—I took it, weighed it, wrapped it in paper and put it in the safe and kept it there till I received two others, and then took them to a jeweller's next door and had them weighed—this sovereign of 1891 came into my possession in the same way on the 17th, Friday, about midday—Dace pointed out the prisoner, who was standing at the bar drinking—I took four sovereigns to Inspector Barton, and then to a jeweller and had them weighed, and put them in the safe—I received two on the 16th, they are not the subject of this charge—about 7.45 p.m. on the 21st the prisoner came in for half a pint of Burton ale and tendered Dace a sovereign of 1888; I weighed it, and sent Dace for a policeman, and gave the prisoner in charge—he said, "If there is anything wrong with it, I got it from my governor"—I gave the three sovereigns to Inspector Barton.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The ordinary practice is to put sovereigns on the money-board, and as soon as I see them I put them in the till—when we are very busy on Fridays and Saturdays the gold is placed in the till—I am almost certain it was in the middle of the day—I was not in the bar on the 21st when the prisoner came in—I believe Dace served him; I never heard till this moment that he was served by John Edwards—the prisoner gave his name and address and his master's name and address at the station—I did not go to Mr. Holman's at all on the 21st—I did not hear all the conversation between the prisoner and Barton—I heard him say, "He gave it me for my wages; he did not pay me on Saturday"—I heard him say, "I don't believe I changed more than one sovereign in that house in my life; I am sure I never changed three in a week"—he was waiting for the change from Dace when I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140015"/>
<p>spoke to him—Dace had gone for the police, but the prisoner did not know that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-86" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-86" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">D</hi> 356). The prisoner was given into my custody—on the way to the station he said, "If there is anything the matter with the sovereign I got it from my governor."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He gave me his correct name and address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-87" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-87" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BARTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector D</hi>). On 17th July, I was on duty at the Tottenham Court Road Police-station—Mr. Edwards came and made a communication to me, and I gave him advice—on the 21st,
<hi rend="italic">D</hi> 356 brought the prisoner to the station a little before eight o'clock, and I said, "You will be charged with altering and diminishing three sovereigns, and uttering one on the 14th, one on the 17th, and one on the 21st"—he said, "I did not know there was anything wrong with it, if there is you must ask my governor about it, I got it from him"—I said, "Who is your governor?"—he said, "Mr. Charles, 19, Church Street, Soho"—I said, "What is he?"—he said, "A jeweller and gilder"—I said, "How did you come to get it from him to-day?"—he said, "He gave it to me for my wages, he did not pay me on Saturday"—I said, "You are identified as having passed two light sovereigns on the 14th, and one on the 17th; where did you get them from?"—he said, "I don't think I ever changed more than one sovereign in that house in my life; I am sure I never changed three in a week; my wages are never more than 30s., so I could not change three in a week, I shan't say any more till I see my governor"—I gave the sovereigns to Professor Attfield—on the 25th I went to 42, Store Street, and in the front room first-floor I found a bottle of liquid which I marked "C," and handed it to Professor Attfield, with these two others which I received from Kane—19s. 10 1/2 d. was found on him, all good.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> What I found on the 25th was after Kane had been there—Mrs. Sheehan was there when it was found—the bottles were in a cupboard., not locked.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-88" type="surname" value="KANE"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-88" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KANE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant D</hi>). On the night of July 21st I went to the front room, first floor, of 42, Store Street, and found in a cupboard, not locked, these two bottles D and E—I handed them to Inspector Brown—on August 6th I went again, and found this bottle (F).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found no galvanic battery or wires.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-89" type="surname" value="SHEEHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-89" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN SHEEHAN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Benjamin Sheehan, of 42, Store Street—the prisoner has lived in my first floor front about a year and a half—he was supposed to be married, but his wife was not there—I recollect the sergeant coming to his room, and taking away some things.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had access to the room whenever I wanted to go in—my husband often went in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-90" type="surname" value="HOLMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-90" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HOLMAN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Davie, a jeweller, of 63, Tottenham Court Road—on 17th July Mr. Edwards brought me four sovereigns to weigh; one was of 1888; I found two of them eleven grains short, one fourteen grains short, and one seventeen grains short—the average deficiency in value was about two shillings and sixpence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I formed the opinion that the whole four had been treated by an electric battery—I did not discover marks of wires.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. My opinion is that they had been in a gilding battery, and that articles had been gilt with them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-91" type="surname" value="ATTFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-91" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ATTFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am Professor of Chemistry to the Pharmaceutical</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140016"/>
<p>Society of Great Britain—on July 29th I received these three bottles, C, D and E, from Inspector Barton—C is nitric acid, D is a strong solution of cyanide of potassium, and E is strong sulphuric acid—F was also handed to me; that is also a strong solution of cyanide of potassium—those fluids are used for electro-plating—the cyanide of potassium is commonly employed as the vehicle by which gold is transferred from one surface to another; the two acids are used for cleaning or "pickling" metals so that they shall more readity take a surface of gold or silver—on the 30th July I received these three sovereigns (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) dated 1852, 1888, and 1891; that of 1891 is 18 grains and a fraction short of the current weight and 2s. 11d. short in the value; that of 1852 is 14 3/4 grains short and 2s. 5d. in value, and that of 1888 is 14 1/2 grains short and 2s. 4 1/2 d. deficient in value—the standard I have taken is the least current weight of a sovereign, 122 1/2 grains—the deficiency has been brought about by their immersion in fluids capable of dissolving gold, such as are now before me—on the 1852 sovereign there is a mark such as would be made by a wire to suspend it in, a solution of cyanide of potassium,. with a view of taking gold off it and placing it on another surface, and on the 1888 sovereign I find a blight indication of such a wire mark; in that of 1891 I find no such mark, but it has the same appearance as the other two—that of 1852 has more especially signs of the battery—the reduction does not materially affect the circulation—they would be taken by persons not accustomed to examine money closely—they have not been in circulation since they were tampered with—the deficiency could not be caused by ordinary wear and tear.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There is an enormous quantity of light gold in circu
<lb/>lation—a galvanic battery would not be necessary to do what has been done to these sovereigns; I could do it without—I have no doubt the sovereigns of 1852 and 1888 have been treated by these fluids, aided by a battery; the wire marks indicate that the coins would be suspended by wires in the solution of cyanide of potassium, with a wire at each end of the battery, one of which is in contact with the gold from which gold is to be taken, and the other with the article upon which the gold is to be deposited—the fluids would be in the possession of any electric gilder—they are used for a number of other purposes—cyanide of potassium is a powerful cleansing agent, nitric acid is used for thousands of purposes, and sulphuric acid also, and for charging batteries.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. If the gold of a sovereign is dissolved in the acid it is easy to recover it—the cyanide is often used to clean the facia of shops and brass beer taps.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. Gold could be got from sovereigns without a battery, but not with these fluids.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-92" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-92" type="given" value="THOMAS KIRK"/>THOMAS KIRK ROSE</persName> </hi>. I am assistant assayer to the Royal Mint; I have heard Professor Attfield's evidence, and confirm it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have had very large experience in examining coins—I have heard during last year that a very large quantity of the gold in circulation has been sweated—I am of opinion that these three sovereigns have been treated by the action of a battery, and polished afterwards by a brush by hand.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-93" type="surname" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-93" type="given" value="FREDERICK HARRY"/>FREDERICK HARRY CHARLES</persName> </hi>. My business at 19, Church Street,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140017"/>
<p>Soho, was established in 1821, and the prisoner has been in my employ
<lb/>ment on and off for eight or ten years; he is a man of thoroughly respectable character—on July 21st he was going out, and said as he had not had his money would I leave it out for him—I told one of the sergeants that I gave him two sovereigns and some silver, but he says it was only one—his wages were 30s. or 35s., according to whether he worked overtime—there was also some money for petty cash—he was taken in custody on that day—he often did a few little jobs at home for himself, he often asked me to allow him to have a little acid and a spirit lamp and blow-pipe and charcoal to braze articles; he had a little connection of his own, nothing to do with me—there was no concealment about his getting this sulphuric acid; supposing he was going to do repairing or cleaning, it would be necessary to clean it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I usually paid his wages on Saturdays—my wife paid him on the Saturday before—sometimes he did not come on Saturdays; I never allowed him to do work for himself in my house—I was at the Police-court on both occasions, but was not called—Sergeant Jay came to me next morning to inquire about him, as he said he had received the money from his governor; Jay asked me what money I gave him, and I said, to the best of my belief, a sovereign or half-sovereign and some silver.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I heard the solicitor tell the Magistrate that I was there ready to give evidence that I had given him a sovereign that day, but the Magistrate said he would send the case for trial—I instructed my solicitor to defend him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. I possess a battery, but I have never lent it to the prisoner—the other employes were paid on the Saturday, but the prisoner was not paid till the Tuesday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-662-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-662-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-662-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-663">
<interp inst="t18910914-663" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-663" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-663-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-663-18910914 t18910914-663-offence-1 t18910914-663-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-663-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-663-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-663-18910914" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-663-18910914" type="surname" value="SCHMIDT"/>
<interp inst="def1-663-18910914" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT SCHMIDT</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-663-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-663-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-663-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously making certain dies bearing the obverse and reverse sides of the Queen's gold coins called sovereigns.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-95" type="surname" value="SCHRIER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-95" type="given" value="EMILE"/>EMILE SCHRIER</persName> </hi>. I am a die sinker of 5, Newgate Street, and work for the Bank of England—on 11th May I first saw the prisoner; he came to my office and said in English, "Do you make business cards?"—I said, "Yes," and showed him some specimens—he gave me an order for a plate and 100 cards, price 5s., which he paid and wrote down his address—he then showed me a coin or token, with General Moltke on it; I said that that was in my line of business—he left and came again on 19th May, when I gave him the cards—he said in German, "This is very confidential," and showed me a half-crown and said, "Can you do anything like this for me?"—I said, "Yes; do you know this is a criminal case for you to order it or for me to make it?"—he said, "Yes, I know all about it; several friends on the Continent have been making mark pieces for twenty years and have not been caught"—I promised to consider the matter, and he said he would call again—I then went to the Bank of England, and was referred to the Treasury; I went there, and received instructions on the following day—on May 23rd the prisoner came again, and asked me in German if I would do the dies for him—I said, "Yes"—he said, "I have changed my mind; you had better make it half-sovereigns or sovereigns"—I said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140018"/>
<p>that was for him to consider—he said, "My name is not William Schmidt, but Robert Schmidt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The conversation was in German—I translated it into English and wrote it down the moment after he left—he asked the price; I said £25 or £35; that was to make a set of dies for sovereigns—he paid me £5 on account as the work progressed, and said he would pay more—he asked me the price of a press for stamping—I said I had no idea—he said that the cards were only for a blind to find out my position—I next saw him on June 20th, and said, "I have traced out the design, and it is likely to be the thing for some time"—I put the coin in an envelope immediately—he came again on June 23rd, and paid me £2 4s.—he said the person he wrote to about the composition of the metal would not tell him for fear of getting into trouble—I next saw him on 18th July—he said he had good news; the party he wrote to on telling him he had given up all idea of making these sovereigns, and they declined to give him information—he said that a punch or die would stamp a disc out of old gun metal rolled, and the disc would be turned in a lathe to make a nice letter "H," the disc would then be placed in a battery, and a thick layer of gold deposited on it to the value of about nine shillings' worth—I said, "What a serious matter it would be for you as you are wholly inexperienced in the matter, and will have to go to strangers for everything that you require in the matter, and you are sure to get caught"—he said, "I will be very careful, and if the worst should happen I have nothing to say in my present situation in life; the country would have to keep me; I do not look upon it as a crime"—he promised not to disclose the name of who made the dies—I went on making the dies—the next interview was on August 29th; they were only half finished; I showed him two imperfect impressions; he compared them with a sovereign and said they were very well done, and nobody could detect the difference—they were finished on the Saturday morning—on the morning of September 5th I received this letter, in German, in the prisoner's writing, "Dear Mr. Schrier,—Can you possibly wait till 3.30, as it is impossible to call before"—I saw Superintendent Mitchell that morning, and handed him two coins, and one I kept—the prisoner came at 3.30; I gave him the two dies and this pewter impression, and lie went out with them; he did not pay me—they were tied up in a brown parcel—those are them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a Prussian; I have been seventeen years in this country, and have been at the shop in Newgate Street four years—dies and stamps for paper are my principal business—I make dies, but not coins—I have not made any dies for a great many years—I have not been charged with making coins to put them in circulation—I have made dies at Berlin, where I was apprenticed, seventeen years ago—my age is thirty-seven—that was not after the Franco Prussian war—the coins were not gold or silver; they were to represent marks—they were not made the exact counterpart of the current com of any kingdom in Germany—I did not tell the Bank of England I had done such things; I know nothing against the prisoner—I object on personal grounds to say what I do at the Bank of England; it is not my business to divulge any tiling pertaining to the Bank; I have been employed there over thirteen years—I am not paid by salary, but for the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140019"/>
<p>work done—the Bank of England is not prosecuting here, although I in
<lb/>formed them of the prisoner's second visit—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the first memo
<lb/>randum I took of my conversation with the prisoner—at that date I knew that the proposition he put to me was highly criminal—I had never seen a case of the kind before—I knew he was a countryman of mine—I did not deliver him from evil instead of leading him into temptation because I thought he was a very dangerous man, and being connected with the Bank, I thought it was my duty to inform them—I did not entice him—the Bank did not pay me; the Treasury instructed me to go on, and if he called I was to make the dies—I did not send this piece of paper to the Treasury—I found out afterwards that he was a most inexperienced man—no other person heard the conversation between us—I have never given evidence before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. No charge has ever been made against me—after the German War a number of medals were struck with figures of Emperors and Kings—what I did was under instructions.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-96" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-96" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MITCHELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Police Inspector</hi>). I have watched the prisoner since May 23rd, and have seen him go into Mr. Schrier's house, and always alone—I have known Mr. Schrier a considerable time; he has carried on business a long time—I have from time to time given him instructions what to do with regard to the prisoner—on September 5th, I was watching outside Mr. Schrier's door; he struck off two of these pewter coins, and gave them to me—about 3.15 p.m. the prisoner left Mr. Schrier with a brown paper parcel, holding it with a string—I stopped him and said, "We are police officers; I shall charge you with having in your possession a die for the purpose of counterfeiting a coin called a sovereign"—he looked at me and immediately dropped the parcel—I picked it up and told the officer to take him to the station; I followed, and when I got there I found it contained this die—he said, "I gave the order to make the die, but I never said I was going to make sovereigns"—he gave a correct address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-97" type="surname" value="WOLSEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-97" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WOLSEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>.) I have been keeping observation on the prisoner since May; I saw him go to Mr. Schrier's premises; took him in custody and found on him this pewter coin (
<hi rend="italic">produced.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-98" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-98" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to the Mint—these are a pair of steel dies made from a sovereign of 1891—they would strike off an exact representation of a sovereign, but it would be with a plain edge—there is a slight variation in the portrait; I can tell that this is not a Mint die; these are specimens taken from it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-663-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-663-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-663-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-663-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-663-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-663-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-663-18910914 t18910914-663-punishment-27"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lawrance.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-664">
<interp inst="t18910914-664" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-664" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-664-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-664-18910914 t18910914-664-offence-1 t18910914-664-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-664-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-664-18910914" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18910914" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18910914" type="surname" value="HOAD"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18910914" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN HOAD</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-664-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-664-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-664-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Unlawfully neglecting
<persName id="t18910914-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-100" type="age" value="0"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-100" type="surname" value="HOAD"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-100" type="given" value="AMY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-664-offence-1 t18910914-name-100"/>Amy Hoad</persName>' aged eight months, in a manner likely to cause injury to her health.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-101" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-101" type="surname" value="HUBBARD"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-101" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE HUBBARD</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Alfred Hubbard, a warehouseman, of 56, Pointer Road, Tottenham—the prisoner lived at 52—the deceased child was born in November last; she had two other children—I saw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140020"/>
<p>her from time to time up to Easter last, nearly every day—I have seen her in drink about four times a week—no one had charge of the baby but herself—one day at the front door she had the baby and the other two children in the perambulator; they were crying; she pushed the perambulator, and it went over—she was drunk then—I have seen the child once or twice very dirty—it was fed by the bottle.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner.</hi> Why did you not assist me?</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> Because you insulted me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-102" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-102" type="surname" value="HEATH"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-102" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN HEATH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George Heath, a labourer, of 34, Newton Road, Page Green—I saw the prisoner there with a baby on her lap—she said at first it was twelve months old, afterwards said it was eight months, and that it was her own child—it was rather dirty—I once gave it a cake and some milk, because it was crying and hungry; it was very ravenous—I told the prisoner I thought it was completely starving—she turned round on me and said, "Mind your own business"—she said her husband had gone away from her—some gentleman offered her a shilling to buy the children some food—she said she should only do the same with it as she had been doing, spend it in four ale—she was then the worse for drink—she said she would throw the baby away; she held it so, and I took it out of her hands, and took it to the station, and she was also taken there—she attempted to run away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-103" type="surname" value="SNOSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-103" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SNOSWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi> 434). I was living at 114, Seymour Street, Euston Road, on the top floor—at the end of June the prisoner, her husband, and three children came to live there in two unfurnished rooms on the first floor; the baby was about eight months old—between the end of June and 1st August the prisoner was in the habit of taking drink—I have seen her the worse for drink on several occasions—the husband was out during the day; the prisoner had charge of the children—on 19th July, at a quarter to eleven, I saw a large crowd outside the door; the prisoner was there drunk and creating a disturbance; a little boy was holding her baby—she was not able to do so—she would not go indoors or be quiet, and I took her into custody and took her to the station, and took the child to the workhouse—it was very thin and dirty, and had diarrhœa; it remained in the workhouse till the following Saturday—I saw the prisoner on that day bring the child upstairs—on Sunday, 2nd August, she was in and out during the day when the public-houses were open, getting drunk—there was no one to look after the baby but herself—the child was very ill that day—she was away from it for half-an-hour or an hour at a time—she would come in about eight or half-past the worse for drink, and incapable; my wife has had to help her to bed—on 3rd August I saw the child in its cot; it was very dirty, and smelt; the prisoner was out at that time—I did not see her till she came home at night—I went to Arbour Square and gave information.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-104" type="surname" value="SNOSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-104" type="given" value="MAGGIE"/>MAGGIE SNOSWELL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—on Bank holiday, 3rd August, the baby was very ill; it was very thin and very dirty—the prisoner was out that day—I found the baby's bottle was sour; I cleaned it, and gave it some fresh milk—the prisoner came home about eight the worse for drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-105" type="surname" value="SHIELDS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-105" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>CHARLES WILLIAM SHIELDS</persName> </hi>. I am an officer of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children—on 1st July, from information, I went to 114, Seymour Street; I there saw the prisoner and the baby—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140021"/>
<p>baby was lying in a cot, which was very dirty; the baby was also very dirty with its own excrement, and the bed was wet with urine; I believe it was then in good health, but very thin and emaciated—on 4th August I again saw it; it looked very ill, dying; it was very dirty, and the bed also—I asked if she had got a doctor—she said she had taken it to Dr. Smith on Saturday, and he had given it some medicine—I saw a small bottle in the room; it was more than half full—she said she had not given it any medicine since the Sunday—she was the worse for drink on the Tuesday; she was sober on the 1st.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-106" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-106" type="given" value="WILLIAM BENCE"/>WILLIAM BENCE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon of 14, Clarendon Square, St. Pancras—the prisoner brought the child to my surgery on Saturday, 1st August, about seven; it had a bad cough and cold; it was in a very emaciated condition, a pinched face and limp—on examining the chest I found it was suffering from a severe attack of bronchitis—I told the prisoner that it was very wrong to bring the child out of doors in its con
<lb/>dition, that it ought to have been seen to—she said she had just brought it from the workhouse, that she had been in trouble, that she was obliged to bring it out, and she brought it to see me—I examined it, it appeared very clean, and nice and tidy; I prescribed for it—I told her it was very ill and in a very serious condition, and not to bring it out again, but I would see it at home the following morning (Sunday)—I gave her some medicine, I think she had two bottles—I told her to give it according to the directions every three hours—the child seemed easy and more com
<lb/>fortable on Sunday—the medicine would last about a day and a half, if taken regularly, if it was very bad—if she had done that the bottle would not have been as full as it was, it would have been nearly empty—on the Sunday I saw the child lying in a cot in the back room; it appeared as well as I could expect—I told her to go on with the remedies, to keep it wrapped up in cotton wool, and rub it with camphor oil—on Monday I went again, it was then in a very dirty filthy condition—I did not see the prisoner then, I saw the husband—I did not go again, and I noticed nothing about the buttock on the Saturday night—on the Monday there were excoriations, the buttock was inflamed—I did not see the child after death.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You said in your husband's presence on Saturday night that you did not think the child would go through the night—I thought so too—it seemed in a critical state from the bronchitis.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-107" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-107" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am a medical practitioner, of 70, Oakley Square, Camden Town—on Wednesday night, 5th August, I was called to 114 between twelve and one—I went to the first-floor and saw the child in a back room; it was dying, and the extremities were perfectly cold, the eyes sunken, and it was in a very dirty state, quite uncared for—I saw the prisoner; she was in the front room, in bed, asleep—I did not see whether she was under the influence of drink; the husband said she was—the child died during the night—I afterwards made a post-morten—it weighed 8lb. 1oz.—the normal weight of a child of that age would be between 16 and 18lb.—the immediate cause of death was pneumonia, inflammation of the lungs—it also had bronchitis and diarrhoea—the gut was perfectly empty; there was no fat at all on the child—there was no organic disease—a child not sufficiently attended to and not kept clean would be more likely to succumb to pneumonia—children so neglected very often die from that disease—diarrhœa would arise from improper</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140022"/>
<p>and irregular feeding—I noticed excoriation about the buttocks; that would be due to neglect and uncleanliness.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-108" type="surname" value="COBB"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-108" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK COBB</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant Y</hi>). On 19th July I saw the prisoner and her baby at the Police-station—the baby was very thin, emaciated, and very much inflamed in the buttocks and private parts—it was taken to the workhouse on the 19th—the prisoner was brought before the Magistrate next day—I arrested the prisoner after the inquest on 14th August—she had seven days in prison from the 19th—I read the warrant to her—she said, "Can they hang me for it?"—she repeated that when the charge was read over at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in her statement before the Magistrate, asserted that she had always done her duty by the child, but it was always ailing.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-664-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-664-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-664-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-664-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-664-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-664-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-664-18910914 t18910914-664-punishment-28"/>One Month.</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-664-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-664-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-664-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>She was also charged, on the Coroner's Inquisition, with the manslaughter of the child,</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-664-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-664-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-664-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>upon which no evidence was offered.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-665">
<interp inst="t18910914-665" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-665" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-665-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-665-18910914 t18910914-665-offence-1 t18910914-665-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-665-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-665-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-665-18910914" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-665-18910914" type="surname" value="GRIFFIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-665-18910914" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT GRIFFIN</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-665-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-665-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-665-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, For an unnatural offence.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BROMBY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-665-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-665-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-665-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-666">
<interp inst="t18910914-666" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-666" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-666-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-666-18910914 t18910914-666-offence-1 t18910914-666-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-666-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-666-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-666-18910914" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-666-18910914" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-666-18910914" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY O'BRIEN</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-666-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-666-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-666-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Charged, on the Coroner's Inquisition, with feloniously killing: and slaying
<persName id="t18910914-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-111" type="surname" value="KAMP"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-111" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-666-offence-1 t18910914-name-111"/>Charles Kamp</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ARTHUR GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-666-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-666-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-666-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-667">
<interp inst="t18910914-667" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-667" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-667-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-667-18910914 t18910914-667-offence-1 t18910914-667-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-667-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-667-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-667-18910914" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-667-18910914" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ALEXANDER ADAMS</hi>, Charged</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-667-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-667-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-667-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, on the Coroner's Inquisition, with killing and slaying
<persName id="t18910914-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-113" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-113" type="given" value="EMILY MARIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-667-offence-1 t18910914-name-113"/>Emily Maria Adams</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-667-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-667-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-667-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">.—Wednesday, September</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-668">
<interp inst="t18910914-668" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-668" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-668-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-668-18910914 t18910914-668-offence-1 t18910914-668-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-668-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-668-18910914 t18910914-668-offence-2 t18910914-668-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-668-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-668-18910914 t18910914-668-offence-3 t18910914-668-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-668-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-668-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18910914" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18910914" type="surname" value="GIOVANNI"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18910914" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUIS GIOVANNI</hi> (21)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-668-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-668-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-668-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18910914-668-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-668-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-668-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a watch and chain and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t18910914-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-115" type="surname" value="AGOSTINO"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-115" type="given" value="BAGNARI"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-668-offence-1 t18910914-name-115"/>Bagnari Agostino</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-668-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-668-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-668-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to obtaining goods by false pretences from
<persName id="t18910914-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-116" type="surname" value="LATTANZIA"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-116" type="given" value="GUISEPPE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-668-offence-2 t18910914-name-116"/>Giuseppe Lattanzia</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-668-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-668-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-668-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910914-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-117" type="surname" value="PECONINI"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-117" type="given" value="ANDREA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-668-offence-3 t18910914-name-117"/>Andrea Peconini</persName>, and stealing twelve bottles of wine and other articles, having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell on February 17th, 1890.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-668-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-668-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-668-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-668-18910914 t18910914-668-punishment-29"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-669">
<interp inst="t18910914-669" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-669" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-669-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-669-18910914 t18910914-669-offence-1 t18910914-669-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-669-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-669-18910914 t18910914-669-offence-1 t18910914-669-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-669-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-669-18910914 t18910914-669-offence-2 t18910914-669-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-669-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-669-18910914 t18910914-669-offence-2 t18910914-669-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-669-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-669-18910914 t18910914-669-offence-3 t18910914-669-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-669-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-669-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-669-18910914" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-669-18910914" type="surname" value="HUSKINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-669-18910914" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REGINALD HUSKINSON</hi> (21)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-669-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-669-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-669-18910914" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-669-18910914" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="def2-669-18910914" type="given" value="DENNIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DENNIS BRYANT</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-669-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-669-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-669-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910914-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-120" type="surname" value="WREN"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-120" type="given" value="MACCHI COSTELLO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-669-offence-1 t18910914-name-120"/>Macchi Costello Wren</persName>, and stealing a bodice and other articles;</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-669-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-669-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-669-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to another indictment for burglary. </rs>
<rs id="t18910914-669-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-669-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-669-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUSKINSON</hi>also
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-669-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-669-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-669-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18910914-669-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-669-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-669-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to two other indictments for burglary.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-669-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-669-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-669-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-669-18910914 t18910914-669-punishment-30"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-669-18910914 t18910914-669-punishment-30"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-37">
<interp inst="t18910914-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-37" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-18910914 t18910914-37-offence-1 t18910914-37-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-37-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-18910914" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-18910914" type="surname" value="URQUHART"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-18910914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM URQU
<lb/>HART</hi> (62)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a strap, a coat, and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t18910914-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-122" type="surname" value="STOREY"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-122" type="given" value="ELIJAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-37-offence-1 t18910914-name-122"/>Elijah Storey</persName>, after a conviction at this Court on 9th March, 1891.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-37-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-37-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-37-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-18910914 t18910914-37-punishment-31"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-671">
<interp inst="t18910914-671" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-671" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-671-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-671-18910914 t18910914-671-offence-1 t18910914-671-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-671-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-671-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18910914" type="surname" value="HAMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18910914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HAMER</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18910914-671-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-671-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-671-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>for wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-124" type="surname" value="AVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-124" type="given" value="HORACE"/>MR. HORACE AVORY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C.F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-125" type="surname" value="WALSH"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-125" type="given" value="MARY LOUISA"/>MARY LOUISA WALSH</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Holland Gardens, Mount Street, Westminster—on July 9th, about 12.50 a.m., I was in Sloane Street, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140023"/>
<p>saw a butler standing at the area gate of No. 53; it was the prisoner—he and another man were joking, and he asked me to come down the area steps and he would give me some champagne and a half-sovereign—I went down to the basement; he opened a bottle of champagne, and we drank it—I said, "I don't like it, it is very tart"—he said, "It cost five guineas a dozen, and it is very dry"—I asked him for the tea shillings; he gave me four shillings and this postcard that I might find him (
<hi rend="italic">Addressed to Mrs. Reiss</hi>)—he let down a bed from the wall, and I did not leave him till 3.50—he asked if I should like some champagne and some wine—I said, "Yes," and he gave me a bottle of champagne and two of wine; he rolled them up in some things, which were afterwards found—the night-shirt came off the bed as far as I remember, and he pat some strawberries in—the hamper was fastened up with a string—I do not know whether he gave me anything else; I was too
<hi rend="italic">boozed</hi>—I went out by the area door, and fastened it after me—soon afterwards a policeman took the hamper from me and locked me up—I was brought up at the Police-court the same morning and was remanded, when the prisoner said he had never seen me—I was sentenced to one day's imprisonment.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They charged me with unlawful possession, and I said I got it in Pimlico Road—I did not know what I was saying—I forget now I got the pencil-case—I may have been at the station four times—I was there for drink; I am a brave Irish lady—I was sensibly drunk; I could stand—I expect the prisoner was as drunk as I was; he drank the champagne the same as I did—I had a good drop of drink before I saw him—I left the house about seven minutes to four by the prisoner's watch on the table—the prisoner gave his evidence one day—the case was remanded till July 29th, and then there was another remand, and on the third occasion Mr. De Rutzen convicted me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-126" type="surname" value="WHITTINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-126" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WHITTINGTON</persName> </hi>. I am second clerk at Westminster Police-court—on 25th July I was present when Mary Walsh was charged with being in unlawful possession of a hamper, a bottle of champagne, two bottles of claret, a pencil-case, and other articles—this is the charge-sheet (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the prisoner was called as a witness, and sworn—Mr. De Rutzen was the Magistrate—the prosecutor said that he was butler to the last witness, and had never seen the prisoner before, and that the cham
<lb/>pagne and claret were the same as used by his master; that he had charge of the wine, and that which was unused after dinner was kept in a collarette—she then interjected that he gave them to her—he continued, "I did not give you the postcard produced; the address on it is my lady's"—Mr. De Rutzen remanded her to July 29th, when the prisoner gave further evidence—he said, "I made a mistake last Saturday, saying I did not see the woman in the house; I said the back door was locked, and it was not locked. I went to rest at 11.45 in my room. I went out into the back yard. I had had some drink. The prisoner came into my room; she wanted 10s. I had nothing to do with her, and she left the room,
<hi rend="italic">etc. Cross-examined.</hi> You came down the area steps; I did not bring you in. I did not find you the drink. I had not connection with you. I did not see where the hamper came from"—at the conclusion of the evidence she was remanded to August 4th, and then sentenced to one day's im
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The only charge against her that was made was un
<lb/>lawful possession without giving a satisfactory account of it—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140024"/>
<p>witnesses were called by the police, and questions put by the Magistrate and the prisoner, and sometimes by the clerk—the evidence on the first occasion was read over, not to the man, but to refresh the Magistrate's memory—the evidence on the second occasion was read, but not signed—the witnesses were recalled and examined again; there was then another remand, and then the Magistrate convicted of the unlawful possession.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-127" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-127" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS NEWMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">V</hi> 353). On 5th July, about five a.m., I saw Mary Walsh; she spoke to me, and went down the street towards No. 53.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-128" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WEBSTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">A</hi> 322). On 24th July, about five a.m., I stopped Mary Walsh; she had a hamper with her; I took her to the station; it contained a bottle of champagne and two bottles of claret wrapped up in a night-shirt and a merino-vest and a tea-cloth—the female searcher handed me a silver pencil-case and four shillings and sixpence in silver—I saw initials on the tea-cloth—she was brought up at the Police-court; Mr. Reiss and the prisoner gave evidence—I found this post-card on Walsh, and went to the place, and brought Mr. Reiss and the prisoner to the Court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She refused to stop or to say where she got it—she refused her address and occupation at first; I went to Mr. Reiss about nine next morning, and saw the prisoner—the case came on at the Police-court soon after ten, and lasted more than a quarter of an hour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-129" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-129" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE EDWARDS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant B</hi>). On 25th July I took charge of the case against Mary Walsh—after the charge was heard I went to 53, Sloane Street, and saw the prisoner—that was after he had given evidence—I saw him with his master at six p.m., and said, "This woman tells me you asked her down the area steps, and let her into the house and gave her the property"—he said, "It is a great untruth," and I think he said, "I never saw the woman"—on the evening of 28th July, the day before the remand, I saw him in Sloane Street, and warned him to attend the Court on the following day; he said, "I will be there; I made a mistake, I did let her into the house; if I had been in my sober senses I should never have done so, but I swear on my oath I never gave her the property."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found that the prisoner has been in his master's service about fourteen years, and has always borne a most excellent character—I have ascertained that he was drunk on the 24th, and he had the appearance of it on the 25th when he left the Court, and when I saw him later on he appeared very much excited and upset about what had happened—Walsh said, "He promised me 10s., but he did not give it to me"—the prisoner has lost his situation.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. His master discharged him, but refused to prosecute him for stealing the wine—I do not think the prisoner was still suffering from the effects of drink when I saw him at 6.30 p.m.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-130" type="surname" value="REISS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-130" type="given" value="JAMES EDWARD"/>JAMES EDWARD REISS</persName> </hi>. I am a merchant—I had the house, 53, Sloane Street, for the summer—the prisoner was my butler—on July 25th I was fetched to the Police-court, and identified a night-shirt and tea-cloth as mine, and this post-card, which had been sent to Mrs. Reiss—this champagne is the same brand as mine, and is expensive—the claret is similar to mine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> During the thirteen years he was in my service he was a well-conducted man—he came into my service with a good character.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-671-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-671-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-671-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-671-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-671-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-671-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-671-18910914 t18910914-671-punishment-32"/>Four Months' Imprisonment without Hard Labour</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140025"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-672">
<interp inst="t18910914-672" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-672" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-672-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-672-18910914 t18910914-672-offence-1 t18910914-672-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-672-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-672-18910914 t18910914-672-offence-1 t18910914-672-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-672-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-672-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18910914" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18910914" type="surname" value="HESCOTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18910914" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HESCOTT</hi> (22)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-672-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-672-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-672-18910914" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-672-18910914" type="surname" value="LACK"/>
<interp inst="def2-672-18910914" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT LACK</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-672-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-672-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-672-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910914-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-133" type="surname" value="SCHWARER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-133" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-672-offence-1 t18910914-name-133"/>Joseph Schwarer</persName>, and stealing fifteen watches.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count,</hi> receiving the same. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HESCOTT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-672-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-672-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-672-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. C.F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-134" type="surname" value="MULLER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-134" type="given" value="LUDWIG"/>LUDWIG MULLER</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of Mr. Schwarer, a watchmaker, of 14, Green Street, Bethnal Green; I sleep there—he keeps watches in the window—on the night of 7th July the shop was properly fastened up, and the outside shutters were up—about midnight I was roused up; I went into the shop and found the shutters were down, and one of the windows was smashed—I missed fifteen silver watches, worth £17, from the window—I was shown some of them at the Police-court; they were Mr. Schwarer's property—these are two—I missed no gold ones.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-135" type="surname" value="GILCHRIST"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-135" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID GILCHRIST</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">J</hi> 76). About ten minutes to twelve on the night of 7th July I was on duty, and my attention was attracted by a smash of glass—I looked towards the place and saw Hescott and three others in front of the shop No. 14—I saw Hescott with his arm in the shop, and he handed something to Lack—while that was taking place some signal was given, and the men ran away—I followed Lack over 200 yards; I am quite sure he is the man—a knife and a watch were afterwards picked up in the direction he ran—I found this watch price-ticket at the corner of Digby Street, and this one at the corner of Globe Street, on the ground he had gone over—this watch and a piece of cloth were picked up just outside the window—I was present when a watch was picked up—I next saw Lack on 15th, when he was in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Lack.</hi> I was on the opposite side of the road about. thirty yards off when I saw you receiving the property from Hescott—I was close behind you when you ran away, I was almost getting hold of you—you turned round and looked me right fair in the face—I saw your full face; I have no doubt about you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-136" type="surname" value="PACKER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-136" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL PACKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">J</hi> 146). About midnight on 7th July I heard cries of "Stop him!" and "Stop thief!" in James Street, about one hundred yards from the shop—I saw Hescott running very fast away from the direction of Green Street—I ran after and caught him, but he wrested himself out of my grasp and ran for two hundred yards—I followed him through a court into Globe Road—I was getting exhausted, and shouted to another constable to stop him—he did so—as Hescott was stopped he put his right hand into his right hand coat pocket; I caught hold of his hand, and he took these two watches with these tickets on them from his pocket—he put his left hand into his other coat pocket and pulled out a life preserver, which he dropped in the road—he was taken to the station and charged—this small
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> was found on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-137" type="surname" value="SILVER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-137" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SILVER</persName> </hi>. I live at Burnham Square, Bethnal Green—on the night of 7th July I was in the Rising Sun—some time after 12 o'clock I heard cries of "Stop thief!" and going out I saw a man in a light coat running—I heard something drop, and I picked up this knife, which I gave to my brother—to the best of my belief Lack was the man I saw running.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was about fifteen or twenty yards from you—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140026"/>
<p>only saw your back; you are just about the build of the man—I did not notice what hat you wore.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-138" type="surname" value="SILVER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-138" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SILVER</persName> </hi>. I am the last witness's brother—I was in the public-house with him on this night—I heard a cry of "Stop thief!" and I came out and saw Gilchrist running after the prisoner—I followed as far as Digby Close—I picked up this watch and Knife.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We took the watches to the station the same night.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-139" type="surname" value="GODLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-139" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GODLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I have seen Hescott and Lack together—I saw them together about the 1st or 2nd July this year—on 15th July, about 8 a.m., from information, I went to Chapel Street, where I saw Lack in bed with a woman, Susan Lack—a man, Montgomery, was asleep in a bedstead chair in the same room—I said to Lack, "I shall take you into custody for being concerned with Charles Hescott, in custody, for breaking a jeweller's shop window and stealing fifteen watches "—he said, "I can get six people to prove that I was not there at the time "—I had said nothing about the time then—he said, "When was it?"—I said, "It was about a quarter to twelve on Tuesday, July 7th'—he said to the female, "You can prove that I was in bed and asleep at the time?"—she said, "Yes "—I took the prisoner and Mont
<lb/>gomery to the station in a cab with Sergeant Nursey—on the way Lack said to Montgomery, "I should like to know who put us away; if I do I will cut their b—y heads off when I come out—they also whispered together—I could not hear the other words because of the rattle of the cab—at the station a list of property not relating to this charge was read over—among the things was a
<hi rend="italic">jemmy,</hi> and when Helson read that out Lack said, "A
<hi rend="italic">jemmy;</hi> what is that?"—at the same time he saw it in Helson's hand, and he said, "Oh, that; that is our coal-hammer, which has been in our family for years"—this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> was found in a cupboard in the room where Lack was sleeping.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were two women in the room with you, one was dressed—the charge was booked about 7 or 8 o'clock p.m., on 15th; I took you into charge at 8 a.m.—several people tried to pick you out—the constable came to identify you a long time after you came in; I don't know how long he waited before identifying you—Pearce found this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy;</hi> I did not touch it—I came into your room with a revolver; I heard you carried one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-140" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-140" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT PEARCE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant H</hi>). I was at the house in Chapel Street on 15th July, when Lack was taken into custody—I found this coalhammer in a cupboard—at the station Lack and Montgomery were charged with breaking into a shop in Green Street—Lack turned to Montgomery and said, "God blind me, they have done me for the jeweller's; he had not got a
<hi rend="italic">red one</hi> in the shop "—I understood by that a gold watch—Montgomery was discharged by the Magistrate.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not make this statement to the Magistrate for two weeks, because I was not called—several other officers were present when you said it; I don't know if they heard you; I was standing close to you and wrote down the words as you said them—it was in the library when Helson told you what you would be charged with—you and the woman Montgomery were together.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. The arrest was on the 15th, and I gave my evidence on the remand on the 22nd.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-141" type="surname" value="HELSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-141" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HELSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector J</hi>). I know Hescott and Lack—for five or</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140027"/>
<p>six weeks before the 7th July I have seen them together and with others—I have seen them wearing each other's coats.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Only four or five days before Hescott was arrested, I saw you with him within 150 yards of where this offence was committed—I refused to allow you to change your clothing after you came from Chapel Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners' statements before the Magistrate:—Lack says:</hi> "I know nothing of it; it is all a trumped up affair. "
<hi rend="italic">Hescott says:</hi> "I own to being concerned in this, but this man, Albert Lack, was not one of them."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Lack in his defence asserted his innocence, and stated that he had not seen Hescott for two years.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LACK</hi>
<rs id="t18910914-672-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-672-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-672-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in May,</hi> 1887.
<hi rend="largeCaps">HESCOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY**</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony.—
<rs id="t18910914-672-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-672-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-672-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-672-18910914 t18910914-672-punishment-33"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-672-18910914 t18910914-672-punishment-33"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-673">
<interp inst="t18910914-673" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-673" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-673-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-673-18910914 t18910914-673-offence-1 t18910914-673-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-673-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-673-18910914 t18910914-673-offence-2 t18910914-673-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-673-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-673-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-673-18910914" type="surname" value="HEIM"/>
<interp inst="def1-673-18910914" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER HEIM</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<rs id="t18910914-673-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-673-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-673-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering a receipt for £10 14s. 5d.,</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-673-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-673-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-673-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>and
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing £10 15s. 3d., the money of his master.</rs> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">HUTTON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, recommended the prisoner to mercy. Several witnesses deposed to the prisoner's good character.</hi>
<rs id="t18910914-673-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-673-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-673-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18910914-673-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-673-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-673-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-673-18910914 t18910914-673-punishment-34"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-674">
<interp inst="t18910914-674" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-674" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-674-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-674-18910914 t18910914-674-offence-1 t18910914-674-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-674-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-674-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18910914" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18910914" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18910914" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIDNEY JONES</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-674-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-674-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-674-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, to unlawfully attempt
<lb/>ing to carnally know
<persName id="t18910914-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-144" type="age" value="6"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-144" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-144" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-674-offence-1 t18910914-name-144"/>Esther Wells</persName>, aged 6 years.</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-674-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-674-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-674-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-674-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-674-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-674-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-674-18910914 t18910914-674-punishment-35"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-42">
<interp inst="t18910914-42" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-42" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-42-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-18910914 t18910914-42-offence-1 t18910914-42-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-42-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-18910914 t18910914-42-offence-2 t18910914-42-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-42-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-18910914 t18910914-42-offence-3 t18910914-42-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-42-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-42-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-18910914" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-18910914" type="surname" value="CRAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-42-18910914" type="given" value="HUGH TITUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUGH TITUS CRAWFORD</hi>* (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-42-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-42-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-42-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18910914-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-146" type="surname" value="GROSUTT"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-146" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-42-offence-1 t18910914-name-146"/>Florence Grosutt</persName> during the lifetime of his wife; </rs>
<rs id="t18910914-42-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-42-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-42-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to marrying
<persName id="t18910914-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-147" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-147" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-147" type="given" value="ALICE MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-42-offence-2 t18910914-name-147"/>Alice Mary Ann Adams</persName> during the lifetime of his wife.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-42-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-42-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-42-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>There was another indictment against the prisoner for unlawfully obtaining money from
<persName id="t18910914-name-148" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-148" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-148" type="surname" value="GROSUTT"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-148" type="given" value="JANE ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-42-offence-3 t18910914-name-148"/>Jane Elizabeth Grosutt</persName> by false pretences, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-42-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-42-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-42-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-42-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-42-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-42-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-42-18910914 t18910914-42-punishment-36"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, September</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lawrance.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-676">
<interp inst="t18910914-676" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-676" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-676-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-676-18910914 t18910914-676-offence-1 t18910914-676-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-676-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-676-18910914 t18910914-676-offence-1 t18910914-676-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-676-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-676-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-676-18910914" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-676-18910914" type="surname" value="HINDLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-676-18910914" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT HINDLE</hi> (24)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-676-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-676-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-676-18910914" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def2-676-18910914" type="surname" value="HEPWORTH"/>
<interp inst="def2-676-18910914" type="given" value="CLEMENT WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLEMENT WILLIAM HEP
<lb/>WORTH</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-676-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-676-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-676-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, for unnatural offences on the high seas.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HURRELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Hindle</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">No evidence was offered as to Hepworth</hi> (
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-676-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-676-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-676-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>),
<hi rend="italic">who was afterwards examined as a witness.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HINDLE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-676-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-676-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-676-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-676-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-676-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-676-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-676-18910914 t18910914-676-punishment-37"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-677">
<interp inst="t18910914-677" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-677" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-677-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-677-18910914 t18910914-677-offence-1 t18910914-677-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-677-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-677-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-677-18910914" type="surname" value="CRAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-677-18910914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CRAWLEY</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18910914-677-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-677-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-677-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>for, and
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> charged, on the Coroner's Inquisition, with the manslaughter of a woman unknown.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEPHENSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-152" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-152" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER YOUNG</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">a police constable, proved and produced a plan of the locality.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-153" type="surname" value="BRIDGEN"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-153" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BRIDGEN</persName> </hi> (375
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). On the 8th August, about 7.25 p.m., I was in St. Martin's Lane; I saw a woman cross from the kerb from east to west, in front of a covered van, which was about seven yards in front of her—she cleared the horse's head by about two yards—all at once I heard a cry of "Oh!"—I then saw the prisoner driving a pony-trap, with two other men in it, on the off side of the road, in rear of the van—he was driving at a most furious rate; he dashed past the van, when there was instantly a scream—I ran round the rear of the van, and there</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140028"/>
<p>saw the woman lying on the flat of her back, her petticoats entangled with the near step of the trap, and the near wheel skidded her along ten or twelve yards into the centre of the road—a man was holding the pony's head, trying to stop it—at the same time police constable Barber, in plain clothes, came up—with his assistance we extricated the woman from the wheel of the trap and carried her on to the pavement—I sent to Charing Cross Hospital for an ambulance, and the woman was taken there—the prisoner was also taken there—I took him into custody and took him to Bow Street Police-station—I there charged him with furiously driving and causing bodily harm to the woman—I should say he was driving at the pace of between thirteen and fourteen miles an hour.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner made no reply to the charge—I believe he was sober—he said he had not taken anything for three months—ho did not say it was an accident; not to me—I was about nine to ton yards in front of the van at the time the woman left the pavement—she was just in front of the horse's head when she was knocked down—I did not see her knocked down; the van was thon more than half way past mo—I did not see the cart till I hoard the shout—I did not say at the Police-court that I saw nothing of the pony-trap till the woman had been knocked down—the van was going at a walking pace—it was a fine day—the pavement was quite dry—I did not say it had been raining and that it was slippery; I said it might have been; the road was not slippery—the pony was a small one, about thirteen hands high—I did not see a four-wheeled cab there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-154" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-154" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BARBER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">E</hi> 318). On Saturday, 8th August, about half-past seven, I was in St. Martin's Lane, standing by the board on the side of the Orange Grove Restaurant, almost facing 109—I was on the right hand Hide going into the direction of Holborn—I heard a cry—I turned my head and saw a trap going in the direction of Trafalgar Square, and a woman under the wheels—she was dragged a distance of about ton yards—I ran in company with 375 and assisted in getting her from under the wheels—her dress had caught in the step—she was taken to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The trap was about ten yards from the woman when it was stopped—I did not see it till the woman was knocked down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-155" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-155" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MITCHELL</persName> </hi> On 8th August, about half-past seven in the evening, I was walking up St. Martin's Lane on the right hand side; when I got towards New Street I saw a pony-trap with three men in it coming down the lane at a tremendous pace—when it got towards the bottom of the lane I saw the woman knocked down by the trap—as far as I could judge, the trap was going at the rate of twelve or fourteen miles an hour—I was perhaps two hundred yards off when the accident happened.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have never driven horses—this was a small pony—I saw the woman actually knocked down—I did not see her before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-156" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-156" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I live at 55, St. Martin's Lane—on the evening of 8th August, about a quarter-past seven, I was standing at my door—I saw a trap going at a very furious rate, with three persons in it—I heard some people screaming, and saw the woman fall down suddenly—I was about one hundred and fifty yards off—the furious rate at which the trap was going called my attention to it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The trap pulled up almost immediately, within a few yards—the road was remarkably clear.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140029"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-157" type="surname" value="LEEK"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-157" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD LEEK</persName> </hi>. I was walking along St. Martin's Lane, and saw the trap coming down at a tremendous pace; and as I crossed the road I saw the woman knocked down—she was dragged along—I saw the prisoner standing in the middle of the road; I went up to him and said, "You have killed that woman "—he said, "She is only stunned; I never ran over her "—she was dead.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I first saw the trap it was about twenty yards from the woman—the horse was not beaten; the pony was a fast goer—the prisoner had a whip in his hand when I saw him in the road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-158" type="surname" value="BARISTOW"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-158" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BARISTOW</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer—I was in St. Martin's Lane—I heard a shout, and saw the woman being dragged along by the trap—the prisoner and two men were in the trap—it was stopped—the prisoner was trying to pull up, but could not; it was coming down hill.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The road was a little slippery—the prisoner was doing his boat to stop the pony, and it was stopped within ten yards of the accident.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-159" type="surname" value="GIBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-159" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GIBBS</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.S. I was house surgeon at Charing Cross Hospital on 8th August—the deceased was admitted there about twenty minutes to eight—she was suffering from intense shook, and was evidently dying—she died from shock from ruptured liver—the fifth rib was broken—such an occurrence as this would account for it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-160" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-160" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WOOD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector E</hi>). On 8th August, about half-past nine, I went to Charing Cross Hospital, and saw the deceased woman there—I then went back and charged the prisoner with causing her death—lie said, "I am very sorry, sir; it was quite an accident"—he was perfectly sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-161" type="surname" value="BIRD"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-161" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BIRD</persName> </hi>. I keep a shop in New Street, Covent Garden, two doors from St. Martin's Lane—I was standing about two hundred yards from where the accident took place—I saw the trap go by at a very rapid rate—the pace attracted my notice—I ran to the corner and stood there—I did not see the accident—I should say the pony was going at the rate of fifteen or sixteen miles an hour.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I left home about seven on Saturday evening. I met a veterinary surgeon, and had a bottle of ginger beer. Coming along St. Martin's Lane a covered van was coming down, a four-wheeled cab was coming up, and pulled into the near side. I heard somebody shout, 'Oh!' I pulled up as soon as possible. The woman was against the step of the cart; it caught her clothes and knocked her down. The trap was not going more than seven miles an hour. The road was very slippery and greasy. "</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-162" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-162" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY REED</persName> </hi>. I am a horse-keeper, and live at 5, Compton Street, Brunswick Square—I have known the prisoner for some years—on this day I met him in Thanet Street, Euston Road—I got into the trap with him—we mot Varley in Judd Street, and he got up—we drove to Hunter Street to see a gentleman—we went down St. Martin's Lane, and saw a van—the woman was in front of the van on the kerb—she came to the horse's head right into the trap, and the step caught her clothing—the roads were very greasy—the prisoner pulled up immediately, as soon as</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140030"/>
<p>he could, in about six yards—he was not going at more than seven miles an hour—the pony is eleven hands high.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The woman crossed from the kerb in front of the van, and we knocked her down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-163" type="surname" value="VARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-163" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM VARLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a timekeeper to an Omnibus Association, and live at 54, Rochester Row, Kentish Town—on this Saturday I met the prisoner with the trap in Judd Street—I got into the trap with him—we drove to St. Martin's Lane; just as we got half-way down, the woman went across the road in front of the van—we had not seen her till we were right on her; there was no chance of avoiding her; the van was in the way—we were going between six or seven miles an hour—the pony was not eleven hands high.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-164" type="surname" value="BARTLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-164" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BARTLETT</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, and live at 2, Charles Buildings, St. Martin's Lane—I was in St. Martin's Lane, and saw the woman knocked down by the pony-trap—I saw it before the woman was knocked down—the trap was going between seven and eight miles an hour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-165" type="surname" value="MAYNARD"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-165" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL MAYNARD</persName> </hi>. I live at 19, Farringdon Street, and am a horse-dealer—this pony was mine—I have had it measured; it does not stand eleven hands high—a little girl has been driving it—I sold it to the prisoner; it will go ten or eleven miles an hour, but you must put pace on him to do it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-677-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-677-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-677-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-678">
<interp inst="t18910914-678" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-678" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-678-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-678-18910914 t18910914-678-offence-1 t18910914-678-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-678-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-678-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18910914" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18910914" type="surname" value="SHAVE"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18910914" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDREW SHAVE</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-678-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-678-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-678-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Unlawfully attempting to commit an unnatural offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-678-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-678-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-678-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-678-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-678-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-678-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-678-18910914 t18910914-678-punishment-38"/>Two Years' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-679">
<interp inst="t18910914-679" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-679" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-679-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-679-18910914 t18910914-679-offence-1 t18910914-679-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-679-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-679-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18910914" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18910914" type="surname" value="COTTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18910914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM COTTON</hi> (14)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18910914-679-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-679-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-679-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>for * * *</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-679-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-679-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-679-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-680">
<interp inst="t18910914-680" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-680" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-680-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-680-18910914 t18910914-680-offence-1 t18910914-680-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-680-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-680-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-680-18910914" type="surname" value="COTTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-680-18910914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM COTTON</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18910914-680-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-680-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-680-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>for unlawfully attempting to commit * * *</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-680-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-680-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-680-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-681">
<interp inst="t18910914-681" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-681" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-681-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-681-18910914 t18910914-681-offence-1 t18910914-681-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-681-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-681-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-681-18910914" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-681-18910914" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-681-18910914" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES OSBORNE</hi> (17)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18910914-681-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-681-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-681-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>for * * *</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-681-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-681-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-681-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-681-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-681-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-681-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-681-18910914 t18910914-681-punishment-39"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-682">
<interp inst="t18910914-682" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-682" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-682-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-682-18910914 t18910914-682-offence-1 t18910914-682-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-682-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-682-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-682-18910914" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-682-18910914" type="surname" value="MORLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-682-18910914" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR MORLEY</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-682-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-682-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-682-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-682-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-682-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-682-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910914-682-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-682-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-682-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-682-18910914 t18910914-682-punishment-40"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-683">
<interp inst="t18910914-683" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-683" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-683-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-683-18910914 t18910914-683-offence-1 t18910914-683-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-683-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-683-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-683-18910914" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-683-18910914" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-683-18910914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SMITH</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-683-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-683-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-683-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, Feloniously attempting to set fire to the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910914-name-172" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-172" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-172" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-683-offence-1 t18910914-name-172"/>Charles Roberts</persName>,
<persName id="t18910914-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-173" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-173" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-683-offence-1 t18910914-name-173"/>Francis Roberts</persName> and others being therein.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-174" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-174" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I am a bootmaker, of 115, Canterbury Road—three or four months ago Mrs. Smith, the prisoner's wife, took a room on my top floor, and a day or two afterwards the prisoner came and lived</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140031"/>
<p>with her—on August 11th there were sounds of quarrelling between them, angry voices, and also the breaking of furniture—it had gone on the greater part of the night, and was continued up to between seven and eight a.m.—the prisoner used a lot of threats to his wife, and said he was going away to the North of England, and before he left he would set fire to the b----lot—he came down stairs, and half an hour after that I noticed smoke from the prisoner's window, and called a constable, went into the room, and found one mattress had been torn open from side to side, and the shavings taken out and set light to—the other mattress was lying on the floor by the burning shavings—the con
<lb/>stable put out the fire—the prisoner said that he set fire to it, and he was perfectly entitled to burn his own property; I cannot say whether they were his, but they were not mine—the constable took him to the station—he seemed perfectly sober, but he had evidently been drinking the night before—I was trying to legally eject him; Mrs. Smith wanted to go, but he did not; she and other lodgers were in the house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He seemed very angry in his quarrel with his wife—he appeared in the morning to have recovered from stale drink—there was an iron bedstead and a box in the room, but no other furniture.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. The planks of the floor were charred by the fire, but not much, about as much as the palm of your hand—his wife had just left the room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-175" type="surname" value="BOURNE"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-175" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BOURNE</persName> </hi> (46
<hi rend="italic">X R</hi>). On 8th August the prisoner's wife called me, and I went to this house in Canterbury Road to the top floor, and found the room full of smoke—the prisoner went up with me from the street into the room—I saw the shavings burning, and threw about a pail
<lb/>ful of water upon them, which put them out—I asked him how it occurred—he said he struck a match to light his pipe and threw it down—I called his attention to the mattress being torn and the shavings taken out; he said he did not know how that occurred, he slept on it last night—I said I was not satisfied with his answer, and the landlady gave him in custody—I did not see or smell any tobacco in the room—I did not search him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-176" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-176" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR CLARK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant X</hi>). On 11th August, about ten o'clock, I went to this house with Mr. Edwards, of the Fire Brigade, and saw the shavings lying there—I saw a box of matches and two pipes on the mantelpiece, but no tobacco in the pipes—I searched the prisoner at the station, but found no pipe on him, or tobacco or matches—when the charge was read over, he said, "I know nothing about it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-177" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-177" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am superintendent of the Willesden Fire Brigade—I went with Clark to this house, and found charred shavings, partly on the floor and partly on the hearth—the mattress was charred—I did not notice the planks of the room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910914-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-178" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-178" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE OLIVER</persName> </hi>. I am a builder of 37, Stafford Street, Marylebone—on 11th May, about 9 a.m., I went to Canterbury Road and saw the prisoner and his wife outside quarrelling—she said, "You are a great vagabond, you won't work yourself and won't let me work; you are starving me and the children "—Roberts spoke to the constable and asked the prisoner if he knew his rooms were on fire—he said, "No," and the constable said he would have to go with him and see whether it was right or wrong.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-683-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-683-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-683-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189109140032"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, September</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th,</hi> 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-684">
<interp inst="t18910914-684" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-684" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-684-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-684-18910914 t18910914-684-offence-1 t18910914-684-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-684-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-684-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-684-18910914" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-684-18910914" type="surname" value="CHATHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-684-18910914" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CHATHAM</hi> (15)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910914-684-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-684-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-684-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18910914-684-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-684-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-684-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910914-name-180" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-180" type="surname" value="MOLINEUX"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-180" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-684-offence-1 t18910914-name-180"/>Thomas Molineux</persName>, and stealing cigars and other articles;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a conviction of felony in June, 1890.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-684-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-684-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-684-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-684-18910914 t18910914-684-punishment-41"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-685">
<interp inst="t18910914-685" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-685" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-685-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-685-18910914 t18910914-685-offence-1 t18910914-685-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-685-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-685-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-685-18910914" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-685-18910914" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-685-18910914" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILLIAMS</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-685-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-685-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-685-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtain
<lb/>ing from
<persName id="t18910914-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-182" type="surname" value="DUNBAR"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-182" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-685-offence-1 t18910914-name-182"/>Emily Dunbar</persName> 18s. 8d. by false pretences, and other sums from other persons, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-685-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-685-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-685-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-685-punishment-42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-685-punishment-42" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-685-punishment-42" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-685-18910914 t18910914-685-punishment-42"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Month' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-686">
<interp inst="t18910914-686" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-686" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-686-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-686-18910914 t18910914-686-offence-1 t18910914-686-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-686-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-686-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-686-18910914" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-686-18910914" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-686-18910914" type="given" value="CLEMENT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLEMENT ALLEN</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18910914-686-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-686-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-686-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtaining a cheque for £12 10s. from
<persName id="t18910914-name-184" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910914-name-184" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-184" type="surname" value="BAXTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-name-184" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910914-686-offence-1 t18910914-name-184"/>Elizabeth Baxter</persName>, by false pretences, with intent to defraud. There were other indictments against the prisoner for forgery and for larceny.</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-686-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-686-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-686-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910914-686-punishment-43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910914-686-punishment-43" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-686-punishment-43" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-686-18910914 t18910914-686-punishment-43"/>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy.—Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910914-687">
<interp inst="t18910914-687" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910914"/>
<interp inst="t18910914-687" type="date" value="18910914"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-687-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-687-18910914 t18910914-687-offence-1 t18910914-687-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910914-687-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-687-18910914 t18910914-687-offence-1 t18910914-687-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-687-18910914" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-687-18910914" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-687-18910914" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-687-18910914" type="surname" value=