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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18910406">
<interp inst="f18910406" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="f18910406" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>SAVORY, MAYOR.</p>
<p>SIXTH SESSION, HELD APRIL 6TH, 1891.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE.</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>ALEXANDER BUCKLER,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS AND SONS, LIMITED, 119, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Held on Monday, April 6th, 1891, and following days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-1" type="surname" value="SAVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-1" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SAVORY</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-2" type="surname" value="LAWRANCE"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-2" type="given" value="JOHN COMPTON"/>JOHN COMPTON LAWRANCE</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-3" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-3" type="given" value="JAS CLARKE"/>JAS. CLARKE LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-4" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-4" type="given" value="ROBERT NICHOLAS"/>ROBERT NICHOLAS FOWLER</persName> </hi>, Bart., M. P., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-5" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-5" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q. C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-6" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-6" type="given" value="EDWARD JAMES"/>EDWARD JAMES GRAY</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-7" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-7" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID EVANS</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-8" type="surname" value="COWAN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-8" type="given" value="PHINEAS"/>PHINEAS COWAN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-9" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-9" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Esq,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-10" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-10" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-11" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-11" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>WALTER HENRY WILKIN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-12" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-12" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HART</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-13" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-13" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-14" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-14" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q. C., D. C. L., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-15" type="surname" value="FARMER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-15" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FARMER</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">AUGUSTUS HENRY GLOSSOP HARRIS</hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>Sheriffs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-16" type="surname" value="SHEPHEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-16" type="given" value="BEAUMONT"/>BEAUMONT SHEPHEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-17" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-17" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-17" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>Under Sheriffs.</p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAVORY, MAYOR. SIXTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, April</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18910406-322" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-322-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-322-18910406 t18910406-322-offence-1 t18910406-322-verdict-1"/>
<p>322.
<persName id="def1-322-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-322-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-322-18910406" type="surname" value="BACKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-322-18910406" type="given" value="JOHANNES ADOLPHUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHANNES ADOLPHUS BACKS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18910406-322-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-322-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-322-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-322-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-322-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-322-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to marrying
<persName id="t18910406-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-19" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-19" type="surname" value="DAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-19" type="given" value="SOPHIA GOODLIFFE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-322-offence-1 t18910406-name-19"/>Sophia Goodliffe Dawkins</persName>, his wife being then alive.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-322-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-322-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-322-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-322-18910406 t18910406-322-punishment-1"/>One day's Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">For cases tried in this Court this day, see Surrey Cases.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, April</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-323">
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<interp inst="t18910406-323" type="date" value="18910406"/>
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<p>323.
<persName id="def1-323-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-323-18910406" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-323-18910406" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-323-18910406" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-323-18910406" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH SMITH</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-323-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-323-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-323-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-21" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-21" type="surname" value="BUXTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-21" type="given" value="NELLY"/>NELLY BUXTON</persName> </hi>. I am manageress to Charles Sergeant, a draper, of 18 and 150, Upper Street, Islington—on 16th February I was at 18, Upper Street, and served the prisoner with some lace; she gave me a florin—I took it to the desk, and Miss Whitehead, the cashier, clipped a piece off it with a pair of scissors—it was also tried in the tester, and would not go through; she handed it back to the prisoner, who paid with a good half-crown, and received the change—on March 2nd I was at No. 150 shop, and the prisoner came in; I remembered her; she bought two handkerchiefs, price threepence halfpenny; she took a florin from her puree and gave to me; I took it to Miss Leech, the cashier, who tried it in the tester, and it would not go through; she told the prisoner so; she said nothing, but handed me a good coin—the change was given to her, and the bad coin was handed back—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I have no doubt she is the person who came on 16th February—I gave her in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Coins are always tried in the tester—we do not as a rule give persons in custody the first time they pass bad. coin—the two shops are in the same street, and the same name is up; they are ten</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060004"/>
<p>minutes' walk apart—when I said that it was bad on March 2nd, she said, "Is it? All right, here is a good one."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-22" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-22" type="surname" value="WHITEHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-22" type="given" value="LINNA"/>LINNA WHITEHEAD</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Mr. Sergeant, at 18, Upper Street, Islington—on February 16th Miss Buxton brought me this florin; I nicked it with the scissors, but did not cut a piece off; it appeared soft—I said to the prisoner, "This is not good; have you any other?"—she said nothing, but gave me a half-crown; I gave her the change, and she left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-23" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-23" type="surname" value="LEECH"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-23" type="given" value="JULIA"/>JULIA LEECH</persName> </hi>. I am cashier and manageress at Mr. Sergeant's shop, 150, Upper Street—on 2nd March Miss Buxton brought me this florin; I tried it in the tester, and it would not pass—I marked it and called the prisoner to the desk, and said, "This won't pass through the tester; have you another?"—she said, "Yes," and took a good one from her purse and gave it to me—I gave her one shilling, a sixpence, and twopence halfpenny—she was detained and given in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When Miss Buxton brought me the coin she said privately that it was the same woman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-24" type="surname" value="THURGAR"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-24" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM THURGAR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">N</hi> 454). On 2nd March, about nine p.m., I was called to 150, Upper Street, and found the prisoner there—Miss, Leech said, "This woman has tried to pass a bad two-shilling-piece," and showed me a coin—I said, "I shall take you to the station"—she said, "Very well; a man gave it to me this afternoon"—she laid down this coin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) on the counter—she was charged at the station, and said nothing—she handed me a crown, a shilling, a sixpence, and some coppers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> That was when she was in the dock, before she was searched—she has been remanded for five weeks to-morrow—detectives have seen her, and as far as I know this is the first charge that has been made against her—she earns her living on the streets.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re examined.</hi> Before she handed me the money it was said in her presence that the female searcher must be sent for.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-25" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-25" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this coin is counterfeit—a coin which is soft under the scissors is bad, but it must be more than an ordinary pair of scissors to cut through a good coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> A bad coin would not pass through this tester if it is true—you can cut a counterfeit coin with scissors; if it is soft it is bad; a good coin is not soft.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-323-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-323-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-323-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18910406-324" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-324-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-324-18910406 t18910406-324-offence-1 t18910406-324-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-324-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-324-18910406 t18910406-324-offence-2 t18910406-324-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-324-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-324-18910406 t18910406-324-offence-3 t18910406-324-verdict-1"/>
<p>324.
<persName id="def1-324-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-324-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-324-18910406" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-324-18910406" type="surname" value="KEMMENOE"/>
<interp inst="def1-324-18910406" type="given" value="ARTHUR EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-324-18910406" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR EDWARD KEMMENOE</hi> (26)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-324-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-324-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-324-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18910406-324-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-324-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-324-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to stealing, while employed under the Post Office, a post letter containing a postal order for 4s. 6d.;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-324-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-324-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-324-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>a post letter containing a postal order for 7s. 6d.;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-324-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-324-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-324-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>a letter containing thirty-six postage stamps, the property of
<persName id="t18910406-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-27" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-324-offence-3 t18910406-name-27"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-324-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-324-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-324-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-324-18910406 t18910406-324-punishment-2"/>Twenty Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, April</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-325-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-325-18910406 t18910406-325-offence-1 t18910406-325-verdict-1"/>
<p>325.
<persName id="def1-325-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-325-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-325-18910406" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-325-18910406" type="surname" value="PEARMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-325-18910406" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PEARMAN</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-325-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-325-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-325-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-325-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-325-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-325-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to five indictments to feloniously forging and uttering undertakings for the payment of money.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-325-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-325-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-325-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-325-18910406 t18910406-325-punishment-3"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-326">
<interp inst="t18910406-326" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-326" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-326-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-326-18910406 t18910406-326-offence-1 t18910406-326-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060005"/>
<p>326.
<persName id="def1-326-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-326-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-326-18910406" type="age" value="67"/>
<interp inst="def1-326-18910406" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-326-18910406" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WEBSTER</hi> (67)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-326-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-326-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-326-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, To stealing cloth of
<persName id="t18910406-name-30" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-30" type="surname" value="VENABLES"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-30" type="given" value="FASHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-326-offence-1 t18910406-name-30"/>Fasher Venables</persName>, his master, and to a previouscon
<lb/>viction at this Court in May, 1889.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910406-326-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-326-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-326-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-326-18910406 t18910406-326-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910406-326-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-326-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-326-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-327">
<interp inst="t18910406-327" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-327" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-327-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-327-18910406 t18910406-327-offence-1 t18910406-327-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-327-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-327-18910406 t18910406-327-offence-2 t18910406-327-verdict-1"/>
<p>327.
<persName id="def1-327-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-327-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-327-18910406" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-327-18910406" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-327-18910406" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL PARKER</hi> (48)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-327-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-327-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-327-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, To making false entries in the books of
<persName id="t18910406-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-32" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-327-offence-1 t18910406-name-32"/>Messrs. Waterlow</persName>, his masters;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-327-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-327-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-327-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>to embezzling sums amounting to £1,400, of his said masters.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910406-327-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-327-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-327-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-327-18910406 t18910406-327-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910406-327-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-327-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-327-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-328">
<interp inst="t18910406-328" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-328" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-328-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-328-18910406 t18910406-328-offence-1 t18910406-328-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-328-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-328-18910406 t18910406-328-offence-2 t18910406-328-verdict-1"/>
<p>328.
<persName id="def1-328-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-328-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-328-18910406" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-328-18910406" type="surname" value="SELLICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-328-18910406" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MATTHEW SELLICK</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-328-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-328-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-328-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, To several indictments for feloniously
<hi rend="italic">forging</hi> and uttering endorsements to orders for payment of money;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-328-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-328-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-328-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to obtaining money by false pretences from different persons.</rs>
<rs id="t18910406-328-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-328-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-328-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-328-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-328-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-328-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-328-18910406 t18910406-328-punishment-6"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-329">
<interp inst="t18910406-329" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-329" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-329-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-329-18910406 t18910406-329-offence-1 t18910406-329-verdict-1"/>
<p>(329).
<persName id="def1-329-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-329-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-329-18910406" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-329-18910406" type="surname" value="MYERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-329-18910406" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEWIS MYERS</hi> (54)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-329-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-329-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-329-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, To unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t18910406-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-35" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-35" type="surname" value="EYRES"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-35" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-329-offence-1 t18910406-name-35"/>Ann Eyres</persName>, and causing her actual bodily harm.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910406-329-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-329-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-329-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-329-18910406 t18910406-329-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910406-329-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-329-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-329-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-330">
<interp inst="t18910406-330" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-330" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-330-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-330-18910406 t18910406-330-offence-1 t18910406-330-verdict-1"/>
<p>330.
<persName id="def1-330-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-330-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-330-18910406" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-330-18910406" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="def1-330-18910406" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HILL</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-330-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-330-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-330-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910406-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-37" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-37" type="surname" value="ROBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-37" type="given" value="JANE HARRIET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-330-offence-1 t18910406-name-37"/>Jane Harriet Robson</persName>, and stealing a silver salver and other articles, her property, and 22s. of
<persName id="t18910406-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-38" type="surname" value="EXTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-38" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-330-offence-1 t18910406-name-38"/>Emma Exton</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SAUNDERS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-39" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-39" type="surname" value="EXTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-39" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA EXTON</persName> </hi>. I am head parlour-maid to Miss Robson, of 60, Corn
<lb/>wall Gardens, Kensington—on Monday night, 2nd March, I and the cook went to bed at half-past ten—I was the last person up—before going to bed I saw that everything was secure—at eight next morning on going downstairs I found the cellar-door and pantry-door open—a window in the housekeeper's room, which is a back room on the base
<lb/>ment, was also open, sufficient to allow a person to get through—the w. c. door had been forced open; I had bolted that door before I went to bed—I missed a quantity of silver, a teapot, a kettle, spoons, and forks, to the value of at least £40; also twenty-two shillings of my own from the pantry—the silver had been in the cellar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-40" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-40" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector F</hi>). On the evening of 3rd March I went to Craven Passage, Charing Cross, and saw the prisoner leaving the Northumberland Arms—I told him I was a police-officer, and I should arrest him on a charge of committing a burglary on the night of the 2nd at 60, Cornwall Gardens—he said, "Yes, I know all about it"—a little later on his brother-in-law, named Cook, was with him, and I said to him, "I shall require you as a witness in this case"—the prisoner said, "No, don't do that, he is as innocent as my umbrella; I was in with it with two others, and I will stand to it, and I have come up here to receive my corner out of it; I was to meet the other two at eight o'clock at Charing Cross"—on the way to the station he said, "I suppose I shall get twelve months for this. "</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-41" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-41" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BROWN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant F</hi>). Shortly after eight on the morning of 3rd March I went to 60, Cornwall Gardens—I found that an entrance had been effected through the w. c. window in the basement at the hack of the house, and the door of the w. c. had been forced leading to the inside passage; the pantry window was wide open, two large panes of glass were broken, and several drawers and cupboards had been ran
<lb/>sacked—I went out on to the flats at the back of the house and saw marks apparently as if somebody had climbed up the side of the wall to the top of the stables—I got on to the top of the stables, and while up there I saw a coil of rope from the top of 61 next door; I then traced footmarks along the top of the stables to 37, Emperor's Gate—it was possible for a person to get from Emperor's Gate to the stable through a side window winch almost touched the top of the stables—I could see by</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060006"/>
<p>marks that someone had gone that way—37 was an empty house, of which Cook was caretaker—at Bow Street, when the prisoner was charged, he said, "Yes, I am one of the three; I let the others in after the Cooks had gone to bed; we got out of the window and went along the flats; they went down with a rope and done the job; they came back again and went out through the window, and I let them out about four in the morning; they promised to meet me to give me my corner at eight o'clock at Charing Cross next morning"—I showed the prisoner this rope; he said, "Yes, that is what we done the job with"—I went to Charing Cross that night—we have not succeeded in tracing anyone else.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-42" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-42" type="given" value="FRANCES AGNES"/>FRANCES AGNES COOK</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Samuel Cook—we were in charge of 37, Emperor's Gate—the prisoner married a sister of mine—he had been living with us for about a week—on 2nd March he came in that night about half-past ten—he went out about a quarter to eleven—I did not see him again that night—the key of the front door was on the mantelpiece—I went to bed about a quarter to eleven—next morning I found everything as I had left it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magintrate:</hi> "I never went near the house; the other two went to the house, I sat on the wall outside; they went into the house and brought out a small portmanteau and placed it on the wall; they said to me, 'Wait a minute, I have left something down the area, I must go after it. 'A few minutes afterwards I heard a man call thieves out of a Window, and the men came clambering up to come through the window, and I let them out of the house again; they told me to come at eight that night, and they would give me my share of the proceeds. I made their acquaintance in prison. One of them touched me on the shoulder one evening, and asked me where I was going, and said he could put a few pounds in my pocket if I could let them pass through the house up there; he knew a house or twp there that he wanted to turn over, and I might put £50 in my pocket; they sent me a letter that morning when I went out with my beer; I met them; they came back, and I let them through the house."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-330-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-330-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-330-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction or several other convictions, upon one of which he was sentenced to Five Years' Penal Ser
<lb/>vitude. There was also another indictment against him for another burglary on the same night as the one in question.—
<rs id="t18910406-330-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-330-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-330-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-330-18910406 t18910406-330-punishment-8"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-331">
<interp inst="t18910406-331" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-331" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-331-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-331-18910406 t18910406-331-offence-1 t18910406-331-verdict-1"/>
<p>331.
<persName id="def1-331-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-331-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-331-18910406" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-331-18910406" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-331-18910406" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WOOD</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-331-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-331-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-331-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence, with two others, on
<persName id="t18910406-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-44" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-44" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-331-offence-1 t18910406-name-44"/>Arthur Thomas</persName>, and stealing a purse and 9s. 6d.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-45" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-45" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR THOMAS</persName> </hi>. I am a bricklayer's labourer, of 13, St. Helen's Place, Clerkenwell—on Saturday night, 7th March, between seven and nine, I was in the Victoria public house in York Road, Islington, with a friend—the prisoner and another man came into the house; they got into con
<lb/>versation with me, and I treated them, and gave them twopence each; three more came in, and I gave them the same—the prisoner then pro
<lb/>posed to go to another public-house, the Railway Tavern, in Caledonian Street—we had some drink there, and we then left; I said I was going home—as we went along the prisoner said to his mate, "Shall we see what he has got?"—no sooner was that said than I found myself on my back—I could not shout because one of them had his hand across my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060007"/>
<p>throat—I could not get up—the prisoner said to his mate, "Have you got all?"—he said, "I think so"; I then got up, and shouted "Police!"—the prisoner put his hand to my left side pocket; there was no pocket there; I had the money in my right side pocket in a purse; his mate put his hand in that, and took out 9s.—when I shouted, "Police" they all started running across the road—a policeman came up; I told him what was up, and he and I followed them—we found the prisoner outside the second public-house, and I gave him in charge there and then.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> My friend went away before we left house—I did not at first charge you with robbing me in the Kingsland Road—I charged you with robbing me near King's Cross Station—I did not know the name of the street—I would not have locked you up if I could have caught hold of you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-46" type="surname" value="RICE"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-46" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM RICE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 273). On Saturday night, 7th March, about nine, the prosecutor came to me in Albion Street, and made a complaint—I went with him, and found the prisoner outside the Talbot public-house in Caledonian Road, about 200 yards from where the prosecutor spoke to me—he at once said, "This is the man," and gave him into custody—the prisoner said, "You are mistaken"—he was very flushed, as if he had been running; in fact, he was out of breath from running so sharp—I found 2d. in bronze on him—the prosecutor had been slightly drink
<lb/>ing, but he knew perfectly well what he was about.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw your back when you were running—I could not identify you—the prosecutor did not at first charge you with robbing him in Kingsland Road; he said King's Gross.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-331-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-331-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-331-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to having been previously convicted. Other convictions were proved against him.—
<rs id="t18910406-331-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-331-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-331-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-331-18910406 t18910406-331-punishment-9"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-332">
<interp inst="t18910406-332" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-332" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-332-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-332-18910406 t18910406-332-offence-1 t18910406-332-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-332-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-332-18910406 t18910406-332-offence-1 t18910406-332-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-332-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-332-18910406 t18910406-332-offence-1 t18910406-332-verdict-1"/>
<p>332.
<persName id="def1-332-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-332-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-332-18910406" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-332-18910406" type="surname" value="WALSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-332-18910406" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD WALSH</hi> (35)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-332-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-332-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-332-18910406" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-332-18910406" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-332-18910406" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL LEONARD</hi> (23)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-332-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-332-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-332-18910406" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def3-332-18910406" type="surname" value="MCDONALD"/>
<interp inst="def3-332-18910406" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK McDONALD</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-332-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-332-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-332-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>, Unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t18910406-name-50" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-50" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-50" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-50" type="occupation" value="police constable"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-332-offence-1 t18910406-name-50"/>Alfred Hamilton</persName>, a police-constable, in the execution of his duty.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREENWOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended McDonald.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-51" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-51" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COLLINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">X</hi> 506). On Sunday afternoon, 15th February, about a quarter-past four, in consequence of information, I went to Scrub Lane, Hammersmith—I there apprehended John Walsh, who is not now in custody, for being a principal in a prize-fight—Hamilton and Ricketts, two constables, were with me—I apprehended John Walsh, and had him in my charge—there were a number of men there, about forty or fifty I should say—the prisoner Walsh tried to take his brother away from me; he kicked me on the left leg, and struck me on the back of the head with his fist—Hamilton then went and took the prisoner Walsh into custody—he struggled with him, and finally got away from him; he struck him in the face, and then caught hold of him at the back, and said to Leonard, "Go through him, Mike," meaning search his pockets—Leonard then placed his hands in Hamilton's pockets, and drew a purse from his left-hand pocket, and threw it among his companions—Hamilton was in uniform—McDonald was punching Hamilton in the face and about the head at this time—then Richard Walsh let go of him, stepped on one side, and struck him a severe blow in the face, and Hamilton then fell to the ground—I then dragged my prisoner, John Walsh, up to Hamilton and drew my truncheon—the prisoners on seeing me decamped—Hamilton got up and went after the prisoner—at a quarter to twelve the same night</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060010"/>
<p>Richard Walsh was handed to me by another sergeant, and I identified him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Leonard.</hi> I saw you strike the constable; you were standing in front of him—it was between the canal bridge and the railway bridge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>. At the time this happened to Hamilton I was trying to detain John Walsh—altogether there were 100 people there on more—there was a good deal of pushing and shoving—I was about ten yards from Hamilton—there were people between us, not a crowd—McDonald was punching Hamilton the whole time, even after Walsh got free from him—Joseph Walsh was charged before the Magistrate with taking part in the fight; he was in custody three weeks, and then discharged—I knew all the men before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-52" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-52" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED HAMILTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">X</hi> 287). On Sunday afternoon, 15th February, between three and four, I was in Scrub Lane—I had Joseph Walsh in custody for fighting in a prize-fight—I did not see them fighting—I saw them on a piece of land belonging to the Great Western Railway—Joseph Walsh and McDonald were stripped—I apprehended Joseph Walsh by the direction of Collins—Richard Walsh then shouted to the crowd, "Let us throw them in the
<hi rend="italic">cut,"</hi> meaning the canal—he kicked Collins in the legs—he then struck me on the back of my head with his fist—he then caught hold of his brother and tried to pull him out of Collins' custody—I then took him into custody for attempting to rescue and for assault—he and Leonard then attacked me violently with their fists, about the head and face—Richard Walsh caught me by the left leg, and endeavoured to throw me over the railway bridge; I managed to overpower him, and we fell on the ground together—I regained my feet—Walsh caught me under the arms and said to Leonard, "Go through him"—at that time Leonard put both his hands into my trousers pockets, and in my left pocket was my purse containing £1 4s. 6d. and some halfpenny stamps; he took that—I asked him, to give it me back, but he did not—while Richard Walsh had me, and Leonard was robbing me, McDonald beat me most brutally about the head and face with his fists over the right eye, and on the right jaw—I fell to the ground, and they ran away—Constable Buck then arrived, and we pur
<lb/>sued them for about a mile and a half—with the assistance of another constable they were taken into custody, and taken to the station—I felt very weak and in great pain, and went to the hospital for five weeks, and am still an out-patient; my jaw was fractured, and I have not eaten any solid food since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>. Walsh's brother was very violent; there was a large crowd; I should say about a hundred—McDonald was attacking me while my money was being taken—I have known all the prisoners for the last twelve months.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-53" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-53" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY PRICE</persName> </hi>. I am a hammerman, and live at 2, Brand Street, Notting Hill—on Sunday afternoon, 15th February, I was in Scrub Lane, on the canal bridge; I saw a crowd there along the towing path—I went to see what was the matter—I saw Constable Collins taking Walsh into custody; he was taken down the road as far as the bridge—Hamilton went back to fetch the other Walsh, when the prisoner Walsh struck at him—he began knocking the constable about, and Leonard started knocking him about, and both of them began for two or three minutes</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060011"/>
<p>rolling him in the gutter, and
<hi rend="italic">paying</hi> him about the face and head—McDonald got between them and struck Hamilton in the face with his fist and knocked him into the gutter—Collins came up to assist him, and the prisoners then made off.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Walsh.</hi> I was called at the Police Court, but was not examined till the third day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>. I only saw McDonald strike Hamilton once, that was when he was standing up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-54" type="surname" value="KINGDON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-54" type="given" value="EDWIN OWEN"/>EDWIN OWEN KINGDON</persName> </hi>. I am house-surgeon at St. Mary's Hospital—on the afternoon of 15th of January Hamilton was brought there suffering from a fracture of the right side of his jaw in two places; he was bleeding from the right ear, mouth, and both nostrils, and he had recent bruises on the right side of his face and head—he is still under my charge, and will be for some time—he was suffering very much from shock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Leonard.</hi> It is not extraordinary that he could ran a mile and a half with a fractured jaw; under the excitement he could speak at first, but afterwards for weeks he could not, as his fractured jaw was wired—he has not taken solid food since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-55" type="surname" value="SALISBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-55" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SALISBURY</persName> </hi>. I saw Hamilton assaulted by Walsh and Leonard—I did not see McDonald strike him—he might have struck him without my seeing him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-56" type="surname" value="THRUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-56" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM THRUSSELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant X</hi> 42). I arrested the prisoner Walsh, and told him the charge—he said, "I know nothing about it, I had just come from my sister's; I was not there; I had never seen the constable before. "</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-57" type="surname" value="BUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-57" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BUCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">X</hi> 54). I arrested McDonald—I told him the charge—he made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>. I cannot say whether he said before the Magistrate, "All right, I am innocent"—he might have said so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-58" type="surname" value="DOWNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-58" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DOWNEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">X</hi> 163). I apprehended Leonard—I told him the charge; he said, "I will come quietly. "</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' statements before the Magistrate: Walsh and Leonard each said,</hi> "I have nothing to say."
<hi rend="italic">McDonald said,</hi> "On the Sunday I was taken into custody I and John Walsh were going to fight over a row on the Saturday previous. We entered a piece of waste ground, and the police came and interrupted us. I put on my clothes and walked away. The police followed and arrested us; they mistook me for another man."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-59" type="surname" value="MCDONALD"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-59" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MCDONALD</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's brother—I was not going to take any part in this fight—it was Walsh and my brother—they stripped and fought—there was an alarm of police, and they dressed and went away—the police came up and caught hold of me, and took me night away—I was taken before the Magistrate, and was discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw no violence—my brother was taken away before that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Walsh's Defence.</hi> I was never nigh them all this day. I came out at half-past nine and went to my sister's; and on coming back I was arrested.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Leonard's Defence.</hi> I did see the fight. I had just come out of prison; and I ran away, or they would have locked me up. I saw nothing of this affair.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-332-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-332-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-332-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALSH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEONARD</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-332-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-332-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-332-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-332-18910406 t18910406-332-punishment-10"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-332-18910406 t18910406-332-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McDONALD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-332-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-332-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-332-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-332-18910406 t18910406-332-punishment-11"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-333">
<interp inst="t18910406-333" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-333" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-333-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-333-18910406 t18910406-333-offence-1 t18910406-333-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060012"/>
<p>333.
<persName id="def1-333-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-333-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-333-18910406" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-333-18910406" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-333-18910406" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JONES</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-333-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-333-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-333-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence, with others, on
<persName id="t18910406-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-61" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-61" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-333-offence-1 t18910406-name-61"/>Peter Robinson</persName>, and stealing 7s. 6d.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SIMONS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-62" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-62" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID WILSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 306). On 3rd March, about a quarter to twelve at night, I was on duty in Wilson Street, Finsbury—I saw the prisoner, with several others, running—I attempted to arrest the prisoner; he and others threw me down, and ran away; I went after him; I arrested him a second time—the prosecutor came up and said, "That is the man that knelt on me, and pulled me down by the throat, while the others robbed me"—the prisoner said he had nothing to do with it—on the way to the station the prosecutor said he had robbed him of 7s. 6d.—the prisoner said, "I picked the gentleman's hat up, but I had nothing to do with the robbing"—he was charged at the station, and said he was innocent.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-63" type="surname" value="MONRO"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-63" type="given" value="FREDERICK JOHN"/>FREDERICK JOHN MONRO</persName> </hi>. I am a Wesleyan minister, living in John Wesley's Home, 47, City Road—on the night of 3rd March, about a quarter to twelve, I had been to the post, and on my return I saw a gentleman walking on the other side of the road, and suddenly saw seven or eight men leap out of the shadow of a building and knock him down on the pavement; I ran over and saw two or three of them tugging at, his pocket, and another pulling his vest open—I said, "The man has fainted; get him some water"—they took no notice; I said, "Go and get him some brandy, I will pay for it; the man is dying"—the prisoner immediately got off the gentleman, came to me and put his arm on my shoulder, and said, "Stand away from him, sir; he will be all right directly"—they still continued grappling with his throat, and then I noticed one man rifling his pockets—I said, "You cowardly rascals, you are robbing the man!"—they then jumped up, the man who was rifling his pockets shouted, "All right, I have got it," and then they all started off down Castle Street—I spoke to a policeman, and followed them, and saw the prisoner caught; I never lost sight of him for a moment.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> There were seven or eight of you on the man; you were covering them—when you were caught you did not resist; you saw it was no good—I am not sure which of you robbed the man, but I saw you assaulting him with the others.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prosecutor did not appear.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-333-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-333-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-333-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-334">
<interp inst="t18910406-334" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-334" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-334-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-334-18910406 t18910406-334-offence-1 t18910406-334-verdict-1"/>
<p>334.
<persName id="def1-334-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-334-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-334-18910406" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-334-18910406" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-334-18910406" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL O'BRIEN</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-334-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-334-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-334-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18910406-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-65" type="surname" value="FREEDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-65" type="given" value="ABRAHAM ISAAC"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-334-offence-1 t18910406-name-65"/>Abraham Isaac Freedman</persName>, and stealing his watch-chain.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEMAITRE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-66" type="surname" value="FREEDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-66" type="given" value="ABRAHAM ISAAC"/>ABRAHAM ISAAC FREEDMAN</persName> </hi>. I live at Hanbury Street, Church Street, Spitalfields, and am a regimental tailor—about eleven p.m. on 14th March I was in Steward Street, walking towards Brushfield Street, when the prisoner, who stood at the corner, rushed towards me quickly and butted me in the stomach with his head, and threw me to the wall; he pulled me down and laid upon my chest and stopped my voice from call
<lb/>ing—he took my chain—he ran away—I saw him again at the station, and identified him on 23rd March from among a number of men—when I saw him standing at the corner I had ample time to identify him—I have no doubt about him; I could identify him from among 3,000—I nm still under the doctor's charge; I was severely injured.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I am positive you are the man.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANK AYDEN</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">H</hi> 371). At four o'clock on 23rd March I arrested the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060013"/>
<p>prisoner, and told him the charge—he said, "I think you have made a mistake this time"—he was placed among eight or ten men, and the prosecutor identified him at once—he made no reply to the charge when he was charged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prosecutor did not say at the station that you were the man to the best of his belief—he said, "If he is not the man, my name is not Freedman"; he was certain you were the man as soon as lie saw your face; he was not three minutes identifying you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said he knew nothing of the matter.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-334-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-334-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-334-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in January</hi>, 1886,
<hi rend="italic">at this Court in the name of
<persName id="t18910406-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-67" type="surname" value="BRIAN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-67" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Brian</persName>.—
<rs id="t18910406-334-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-334-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-334-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-334-18910406 t18910406-334-punishment-12"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, April</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-335">
<interp inst="t18910406-335" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-335" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-335-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-335-18910406 t18910406-335-offence-1 t18910406-335-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-335-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-335-18910406 t18910406-335-offence-1 t18910406-335-verdict-1"/>
<p>335.
<persName id="def1-335-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-335-18910406" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-335-18910406" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-335-18910406" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-335-18910406" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH EDWARDS</hi> (40)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-335-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-335-18910406" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-335-18910406" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-335-18910406" type="surname" value="CUE"/>
<interp inst="def2-335-18910406" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA CUE</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-335-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-335-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-335-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlaw
<lb/>fully uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-70" type="surname" value="HERD"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-70" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HERD</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Daniels, a draper, of 209, Gray's Inn Road—on 10th March, a little before ten o'clock, the prisoners came in, and one of them asked for something which came to 1s. 0 1/4 d., and gave me a florin and a farthing—I gave her one shilling change, and passed the florin through a hole in the desk—the prisoners left, and about one o'clock the police came; this bad florin was found in the till, and two good ones.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The shop opens at 8.30—there are other assistants, hut only one cashier, a smart boy of fourteen—I did not notice that the florin given to me was bad, nor did he—the customers take a bill for everything over sixpence, and they can tear it up if they like—there was no reason for the prisoners to keep the bill to connect them with this.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-71" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-71" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY COOK</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Mechanics' Larder, Gray's Inn Road—on 16th March, about 11 a.m., the prisoners came in together, and Cue called for two twos of whisky hot, and tendered this shilling; 1 put it to my teeth, and Cue asked me if it was bad—I said "Yes," and Broke it in two in the tester—the landlord spoke to them, and one of them said she got it from a draper's—Cue paid with four penny pieces—they left, and the landlord followed them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There is a public and a private bar and a jug and bottle department—they came into the jug and bottle department; there was no one else there—after the shilling had been broken they stopped at the counter and finished their drink. "</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-72" type="surname" value="TINDAL"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-72" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES TINDAL</persName> </hi>. I keep the Mechanics' Larder, Gray's Inn Road—Cook called me—I saw the shilling passed to him; he took it to the tester, broke it, and said that it was bad—the prisoners both said, "We have just got it from the draper's"—I said, "What draper's?"—they said. "Some drapers towards Holborn"—they paid for the drink with other coin, and left; I followed them to 9, Cromer Street, which is a dairy; they both went in—I remained till they came out, and followed them—I do not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060014"/>
<p>think they saw me—I made a communication to Miss Hardwick, who went to the till and brought me this counterfeit shilling and a Jubilee shilling—I followed the prisoners, met two constables, and gave them in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They appeared astonished when they were told the shilling was bad, but I do not think it was genuine—I had never seen them before—they asked me to return the coin, but I declined.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-73" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-73" type="surname" value="HARDWICK"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-73" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE HARDWICK</persName> </hi>. I am manageress at a dairy, 9, Cromer Street, near Gray's Inn Road—on 10th March, a little after nine o'clock, the two prisoners came in, and Cue, I think, asked for one or two eggs, I am not sure which, two sponge-cakes, and one pennyworth of milk, for which she brought a jug—she paid with a shilling—I put it in the till in a compartment where there were half-crowns, shillings, sixpences, and one Jubilee shilling—I gave her the change, and they left a little while afterwards—Mr. Tindal then came in and made a communication to me—I handed him the shilling from the till which I had taken from Cue—the only other shilling there was a Jubilee one—the police came, and I went to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> After they got change for the bad shilling they waited long enough for me to discover it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-74" type="surname" value="BALL"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-74" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT BALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 383). On 10th March, about 11.25 a.m., Mr. Tindal gave the two prisoners into my custody in Gray's Inn Road, for passing a bad shilling—Cue hesitated a second or two, and then said, "Yes; I recollect"—Edwards said nothing—I took them to the station—when Miss Hardwick charged them they made no answer—Cue handed me three shillings, a sixpence, and threepence halfpenny in a purse, and a sixpence and a penny from her pocket, all good—I also found this draper's bill—they both gave correct addresses.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> What Cue said was, "I recollect being in there, and passing it"—I understood "passing it" and passing bad money to be the same—she had a bag with the calico in it, and a piece of meat, an egg two sponge-cakes, and a jug containing some milk—the female searcher searched them, but gave me nothing—I took them sixty or seventy yards from where they passed the coin, and they could see me coming if they looked.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-75" type="surname" value="SNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-75" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SNELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G R</hi> 15). I took Edwards at the corner of Britannia Street—she said nothing—I took a half-crown, two shillings, two sixpences, and six-pence halfpenny in bronze out of her hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She was carrying a basket containing potatoes, onions, carrots, and celery—she gave me a correct address—as far as I know she is a respectable woman—she was standing outside a greengrocer's shop—I have had no complaint from the green-grocer—the female searcher searched Edwards, but gave me no money—when I turned the corner with Mr. Tindal the prisoners were standing still out
<lb/>side the greengrocer's shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-76" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-76" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am an officer of Her Majesty's Mint—these two shillings are bad, and from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners received good characters, and it was stated that they</hi> were
<hi rend="italic">sisters.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-335-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-335-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-335-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060015"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, April</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lawrance.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-336">
<interp inst="t18910406-336" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-336" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-336-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-336-18910406 t18910406-336-offence-1 t18910406-336-verdict-1"/>
<p>336.
<persName id="def1-336-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-336-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-336-18910406" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-336-18910406" type="surname" value="BURNS"/>
<interp inst="def1-336-18910406" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BURNS</hi> (48)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-336-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-336-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-336-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18910406-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-78" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-78" type="surname" value="BURNS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-78" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-336-offence-1 t18910406-name-78"/>Louisa Burns</persName>, with intent to murder.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-79" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-79" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>MR. CHARLES MATHEWS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-80" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-80" type="surname" value="BURNS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-80" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA BURNS</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoners wife—I was living with him at 44, Horseferry Road, Westminster, down to the 28th February—he used to work for a scaffolder, but he has done no work since a fortnight before Christmas—in consequence of the frost there was no work for him to do—about Christmas time his manner became very strange; he was very despondent; he seemed dazed, and would suddenly become very violent without any reason; he would run out of the house half-dressed, thinking somebody was pursuing him; he several times alluded to being under the influence of mesmerism—on 3rd February, when my daughter came to the house, he had a knife in his hand and attempted to cut her throat—he cut her hand, but did not succeed in cutting her throat—she goes to her work about five in the morning, and generally calls to see me on her way—after that I made a complaint to the parish authorities, and he was seen by the relieving officer and Dr. Cope, who gave a certificate, under which he was taken to the lunatic ward in Fulham Workhouse—he remained there till the 15th February, when I went and fetched him out—I was very anxious to have him back—he was no better after he came home, but a great deal worse, and up to the 27th his conduct continued just the same—I thought I had put all his tools away in the cellar—on Saturday, the 28th, my daughter came as usual about half-past four; she stayed with me a little while—I and my husband were in bed—she went away to her work a little before five; I let her out—after that I remember nothing else till I was in the Westminster Hospital—I was attended there by Dr. James; I have remained there till now; I was very ill for a considerable time, and in great danger from a wound over the right temple and behind the right ear—I got better by degrees, and was able to attend before the Magistrate and give evidence on the 2nd April—I am going on well now—this hammer and this chisel (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are my husband's tools, his name is on them—on 3rd February, when he was taken to the workhouse, the certificate was that he was suffering from delirium tremens; that was what the doctor said it was—he had not been drinking at all since Christmas, and nothing much before that—for the fortnight that he was out of work he did not have any—when he was in work he drank a little, but not excessively.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You were not drinking for three weeks after you knocked off work on the Friday in Christmas week—you did not do any work after the frost.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-81" type="surname" value="BURNS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-81" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN BURNS</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's daughter—I have been in the habit of going to my parents before going to my work in Horseferry Road—my father's manner has been very strange this year—on 3rd February he attempted to cut my throat with a knife, but did not succeed; he cut my hand—about eight o'clock in the morning on 28th February he came to me and said, "Good-bye, I have killed your mother," and then he went away—I went to No. 44, and with Mrs. Deacon went into mother's room; I found her on the bed covered with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060016"/>
<p>blood, unconscious, and undressed, not lying on the side of the bed where I had left her—I got assistance, and she was taken to the hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You have always behaved well and with kindness to me when in your sober senses—you never insulted me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-82" type="surname" value="DEACON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-82" type="given" value="CLARA"/>CLARA DEACON</persName> </hi>. I live at 44, Horseferry Road, under the prisoner and his wife—I have known him for some time—since Christmas I have noticed that he has been very strange in his manner—I have seen him run downstairs undressed and run over to a cab—he was altogether different to himself—on the morning of 28th February he came and knocked three times at my door about a quarter to eight; the third time he said, "Get up, I have killed my wife"—I went up and found Mrs. Burns lying injured on the bed; I gave her assistance, and she was taken to the hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-83" type="surname" value="AYLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-83" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS AYLETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant A</hi> 31). On Saturday morning, 28th February, about 8 10, I was in charge of Rochester Row Station—the prisoner came in and said, "I wish to give myself up for striking my wife on the head with a hammer, while she was lying in bed at 44 this morning; you will find the hammer; it is the fault of her mother"—I read that over to him, and he signed it—I saw blood on his waistcoat and shirt, and on his hands—I sent someone on to 44—on 7th March, on the remand, he called me to his cell and said, "That is not the hammer I had; I had a chisel; I put it in the cellar under the stairs"—I searched the cellar, and found this chisel on a ledge over the door.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I believe I made that statement when I first went in, but I don't know, in fact I did not know what I was doing when I gave myself up. I would not hurt my wife; she has always been a good wife to me—when in my sober senses I would not hurt a hair of her head; I don't remember doing it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-84" type="surname" value="BEESON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-84" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BEESON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">A</hi> 552). I was sent to Horseferry Road, about twenty minutes past eight in the morning of 28th February; I there found Mrs. Burns lying insensible on the bed in a pool of blood; she had two wounds, one on the right side of the right temple, and the other behind the right ear, and under the bed I found this hammer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-85" type="surname" value="COPE"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-85" type="given" value="ALBERT ERNEST"/>ALBERT ERNEST COPE</persName> </hi>, M. D. I live at the Westminster Dispensary, Rochester Row—I saw the prisoner on the night of 1st February, and again on the morning of the second; twice that day—I thought he was suffering from delirium tremens in such a form as to require restraint—I gave a certificate to that effect, and he was taken to Fulham Workhouse.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-86" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-86" type="given" value="HENRY WILLIAM"/>HENRY WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am medical superintendent of St. George's Infirmary, and medical officer of St. George's Workhouse—on 3rd February the prisoner was admitted to the workhouse, and placed in the lunacy ward, under a certificate that he was suffering from delirium tremens—he remained under my constant supervision between the 3rd and 7th February—I saw no sign of delirium tremens in that time—I did see indications of insanity—I thought he was suffering from the effects of insanity, and I reported it to the relieving officer—he improved some-what between the 7th and 9th—he was seen by a Justice, who did not think he could order him to an asylum, so he ordered his detention—he showed no sign of insanity between that time and the 16th, and he was discharged in care of his wife—I think his condition was such that he would be subject to attacks of insanity at times.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060017"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You asked me several times to allow you to go and look for work, but I detained you till the following Monday—I then allowed you to go out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-87" type="surname" value="GREET"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-87" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GREET</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector A</hi>). I saw the prisoner on 28th February, and charged him with the attempted murder of his wife—he said, "I don't believe I have struck my wife now; I believe I have been mesmerised; in fact, I know I have; that is between God and man; I was mesmerised yesterday with sixpence on the mantelpiece and bits of elastic and old rags"—he was detained in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-88" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-88" type="given" value="GEORGE BROOKBANK"/>GEORGE BROOKBANK JAMES</persName> </hi>. I am house surgeon at Westminster Hospital—I had Mrs. Burns under my care from the morning of 15th February, and she has been down to the present time—when admitted she was suffering from concussion of the brain, with considerable irritation; she had two wounds, one a lacerated one of a circular shape above the right temple, and another one, an incised wound behind the right ear, and a fracture of the skull—she was unconscious, and remained so for a whole week; she was in very great danger for a considerable time; that has passed away; the circular wound was such as would be. produced by this hammer, and the wound behind the ear might have been inflicted with this chisel.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The wound by the hammer was not a direct one, it had glanced off; there is the scar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-89" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-89" type="given" value="PHILIP FRANCIS"/>PHILIP FRANCIS GILBERT</persName> </hi>. I am Medical Officer of Holloway Gaol—from 28th February I have had the prisoner under my constant supervision, and have given particular attention to his case—I formed a con
<lb/>clusion as to the state of his mind; I thought he was insane when I first saw him—I have seen him very frequently since, almost daily; my opinion is that he is insane at the present time, and was so on 28th February—I have listened to the evidence, and my opinion is strength
<lb/>ened by the facts I have heard stated—he now perfectly understands what is going on.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> Yes, I should think I did; I know my life is being sworn away, or next door to it. Have I not behaved myself and done whatever I have been told?
<hi rend="italic">Witness:</hi> You have; I had no occasion to put a straight jacket on you; you suffered from the delusion of persecution, that you had stuff put in your eyes and. nose, and you spoke of mes
<lb/>merism.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "For several days I had occasion to notice that my wife did not seem to be my wife at all. I had every reason, indeed I had sufficient proof, that my wife weighed twelve stone at the Crystal Palace twelve months: ago; in fact, her breast is as flat as mine, and the way she went about her household work gave me sufficient proof. She swept the soot from the hobs on to the carpet. I said it was a dirty way of doing it; why did she not sweep it into the fender. She went to work in a different way to what my wife used to do."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners Defence.</hi> All I have to say is I leave myself entirely to the mercy of the Court. The doctor says I am insane. I say I leave myself Purely to the mercy of the Court.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18910406-336-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-336-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-336-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the act, but being insane at the time.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-336-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-336-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-336-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-336-18910406 t18910406-336-punishment-13"/>To be detained until Her Majesty's pleasure be known</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-337">
<interp inst="t18910406-337" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-337" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-337-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-337-18910406 t18910406-337-offence-1 t18910406-337-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-337-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-337-18910406 t18910406-337-offence-1 t18910406-337-verdict-2"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060018"/>
<p>337.
<persName id="def1-337-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-337-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-337-18910406" type="surname" value="SPENCER"/>
<interp inst="def1-337-18910406" type="given" value="GEORGE BURTON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BURTON SPENCER</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-337-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-337-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-337-18910406" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-337-18910406" type="surname" value="GANTEOS"/>
<interp inst="def2-337-18910406" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK GANTEOS</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-337-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-337-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-337-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Feloniously attempting to extort money from
<persName id="t18910406-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-92" type="surname" value="FRENDDENSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-92" type="given" value="GERARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-337-offence-1 t18910406-name-92"/>Gerard Frenddenshall</persName> by threatening to accuse him of an abominable crime.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, for demanding money with menaces.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SPENCER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-337-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-337-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-337-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-337-18910406 t18910406-337-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GANTEOS</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-337-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-337-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-337-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considering him to be an instrument in the hands of Spencer</hi> </rs>, —
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-337-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-337-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-337-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-337-18910406 t18910406-337-punishment-15"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, April</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-338">
<interp inst="t18910406-338" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-338" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-338-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-338-18910406 t18910406-338-offence-1 t18910406-338-verdict-1"/>
<p>338.
<persName id="def1-338-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-338-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-338-18910406" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-338-18910406" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-338-18910406" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WALKER</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-338-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-338-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-338-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-338-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-338-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-338-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a casket, a teapot, and other articles, of
<persName id="t18910406-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-94" type="surname" value="KEARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-94" type="given" value="HUDSON EWBANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-338-offence-1 t18910406-name-94"/>Hudson Ewbank Kearley</persName>, and another, his masters.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-338-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-338-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-338-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-338-18910406 t18910406-338-punishment-16"/>Judgment respited</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-339">
<interp inst="t18910406-339" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-339" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-339-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-339-18910406 t18910406-339-offence-1 t18910406-339-verdict-1"/>
<p>339.
<persName id="def1-339-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-339-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-339-18910406" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-339-18910406" type="surname" value="COLLIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-339-18910406" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR COLLIS</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-339-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-339-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-339-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, to receiving 126 spoons,
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> 126 forks, of
<persName id="t18910406-name-96" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-96" type="surname" value="KEARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-96" type="given" value="HUDSON EWBANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-339-offence-1 t18910406-name-96"/>Hudson Ewbank Kearley</persName>, and another, his masters, knowing them to have been stolen.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910406-339-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-339-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-339-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-339-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-339-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-339-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-339-18910406 t18910406-339-punishment-17"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-340">
<interp inst="t18910406-340" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-340" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-340-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-340-18910406 t18910406-340-offence-1 t18910406-340-verdict-1"/>
<p>340.
<persName id="def1-340-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-340-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-340-18910406" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-340-18910406" type="surname" value="GOODE"/>
<interp inst="def1-340-18910406" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK GOODE</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-340-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-340-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-340-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing 177 spoons,
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> 681 forks, and other goods, of
<persName id="t18910406-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-98" type="surname" value="KEARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-98" type="given" value="HUDSON EWBANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-340-offence-1 t18910406-name-98"/>Hudson Ewbank Kearley</persName>, and another, his masters.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910406-340-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-340-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-340-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-340-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-340-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-340-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-340-18910406 t18910406-340-punishment-18"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-341">
<interp inst="t18910406-341" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-341" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-341-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-341-18910406 t18910406-341-offence-1 t18910406-341-verdict-1"/>
<p>341.
<persName id="def1-341-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-341-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-341-18910406" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-341-18910406" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-341-18910406" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD POWELL</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-341-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-341-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-341-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing six glass swans and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18910406-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-100" type="surname" value="KEARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-100" type="given" value="HUDSON EWBANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-341-offence-1 t18910406-name-100"/>Hudson Ewbank Kearley</persName>, and another, his masters.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-341-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-341-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-341-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-341-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-341-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-341-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-341-18910406 t18910406-341-punishment-19"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi>And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-21">
<interp inst="t18910406-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-21" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-18910406 t18910406-21-offence-1 t18910406-21-verdict-1"/>
<p>(342).
<persName id="def1-21-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18910406" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18910406" type="surname" value="VENTHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18910406" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED VENTHAM</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing a butter cover and other goods, of
<persName id="t18910406-name-102" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-102" type="surname" value="KEARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-102" type="given" value="HUDSON EWBANK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-21-offence-1 t18910406-name-102"/>Hudson Ewbank Kearley</persName>, and another, his masters.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910406-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-21-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-21-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-21-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-18910406 t18910406-21-punishment-20"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-343">
<interp inst="t18910406-343" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-343" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-343-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-343-18910406 t18910406-343-offence-1 t18910406-343-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-343-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-343-18910406 t18910406-343-offence-1 t18910406-343-verdict-1"/>
<p>343.
<persName id="def1-343-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-343-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-343-18910406" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-343-18910406" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-343-18910406" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JOHN HICKS</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-343-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-343-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-343-18910406" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-343-18910406" type="surname" value="MILDALL"/>
<interp inst="def2-343-18910406" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MILDALL</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-343-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-343-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-343-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910406-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-105" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-105" type="given" value="HERBERT EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-343-offence-1 t18910406-name-105"/>Herbert Edward Wright</persName>, and stealing a watch and four braces, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. E. BEARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-106" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-106" type="given" value="HERBERT EDWARD"/>HERBERT EDWARD WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am a pawnbroker, of 29, Jamaica Street, Stepney, and live on the premises—on Saturday, 26th March, I went to bed, leaving the place safely locked up—I was disturbed about 2.30 by my dog barking; I got up, and heard someone moving about—I dressed myself, armed myself with a stick, lit a lamp, and went down into the shop, and saw the two prisoners behind the counter—they had got along drawer open which was full of jewellery, which they were putting into their pockets—I said, "Halloa, there are two of you," and struck Hicks twice—my stick broke, and I let the dog loose, who bit them both—when my stick broke my lamp went out—I went to the door and called "Police!"—a policeman came, and the dog bit him very badly—I found bracelets and earrings value £7 in the back room—there were marks of a
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> on the back door—the prisoners were perfectly sober—the dog is a mastiff, he is very ferocious and very faithful.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-107" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-107" type="given" value="GRIFFITH"/>GRIFFITH EVANS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">H</hi> 78). I was called to Mr. Wright's shop; he said, "Here is one"—I seized Hicks by the throat, and the dog rushed at me and bit my arm—I took both prisoners in custody—they were searched at the station—I saw a screwdriver hanging out of Hicks' pocket, which I afterwards saw under his feet—they were quite sober—my arm still pains me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-108" type="surname" value="GOODALL"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-108" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED GOODALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector H</hi>). I was on duty at the station</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060019"/>
<p>when the prisoners were brought in—I searched Hicks, and found a silver set, earrings and brooch complete, in the lining of his coat, and a brooch containing hair; they have been identified—nothing was found on Mildall—I went to the house and found the back door had been forced by some instrument, and on a safe behind the shop I found this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi>, corresponding to the marks on the door—it does not belong to the prosecutor, but he identified a pickaxe, which was brought from the garden—the prisoners were both sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' statements before the Magistrate. Hicks says:</hi> "I was drunk when it was done."
<hi rend="italic">Mildall says:</hi> "I had been drinking heavily."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-343-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-343-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-343-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">They then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to previous convictions—Hicks on March</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1887,
<hi rend="italic">at the Thames Police-court; and Mildall on</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th Sep
<lb/>tember</hi>, 1886,
<hi rend="italic">at Clerkenwell, in the name of
<persName id="t18910406-name-109">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-109" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-109" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>Charles Jones</persName>.—
<rs id="t18910406-343-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-343-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-343-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-343-18910406 t18910406-343-punishment-21"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-343-18910406 t18910406-343-punishment-21"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-344">
<interp inst="t18910406-344" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-344" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-344-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-344-18910406 t18910406-344-offence-1 t18910406-344-verdict-1"/>
<p>344.
<persName id="def1-344-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-344-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-344-18910406" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-344-18910406" type="surname" value="HOGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-344-18910406" type="given" value="CORNELIUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CORNELIUS HOGAN</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-344-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-344-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-344-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18910406-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-111" type="surname" value="COKELY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-111" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-344-offence-1 t18910406-name-111"/>Mary Ann Cokely</persName>, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-112" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-112" type="surname" value="COKELY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-112" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN COKELY</persName> </hi>. I live with my mother at 1, Elliott Court, Old Gravel Lane—we occupy one room, the front parlour ground floor—on 30th March we went to bed, but got up and had supper, and went to bed again about 12.20—we occupied the same bed—I went to sleep—I was awoke by the window smashing, and saw the prisoner outride—we had a lamp on the mantelpiece, and there was one out
<lb/>side—there was a curtain to the window—after the prisoner did that he burst through the parlour door, and came in and struck me as I laid in bed on my right temple—I saw something bright in his hand—he struck me more than once, and dragged me out of bed and kicked me on the floor several times—he dragged me round the room bleeding, and I was covered with bruises—he said, "You b—cow! I mean to kill you and your mother"—I have known him for eight weeks; he had threatened a fortnight before to take my life before he had done with me—he went out of the room, and ran down the court; I went for a policeman, and he followed me and beat me unmercifully, and kicked me—I ran to the station and complained, and Dr. Serjeant attended to my wounds—I have been in danger of my life.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I have known you eight weeks; I have not followed you—I did not swear that I would cause a disturbance bet
<lb/>ween you and your intended—336
<hi rend="italic">A</hi> did not threaten to look me up that night—you did not speak to me about your intended—I have got a young baby, and I cannot go to work—I have done Several little terms of imprisonment; the longest term was eight months; it was not for stabbing—when you came down the lane I caught you by the throat and said you were a murderer; you stabbed a man in the throat—he survived the wound nine years—on the next day I went to your house with a hammer in my hand—I did not slap your intended's face.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-113" type="surname" value="KEEFE"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-113" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY KEEFE</persName> </hi>. I am the mother of the last witness—she lives with me in Elliott Court, Old Gravel Lane, and occupies the same bed—on March 30th we were awakened by the outside shutters being opened, and a few panes of glass breaking—I saw the prisoner, and got out of bed and went to the street door, which was not closed, because there are lodgers—I am the deputy of the house—the prisoner came in, dragged</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060020"/>
<p>my daughter out of bed by her hair, and kicked her on her side four or five times and ran out, and she got a policeman—I followed him in my petticoat and chemise, and a more cruel kicking I never saw—he said, "I will kill you, you b—old thing!"—he said he wanted to kill her and her baby too.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-114" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-114" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GREEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Thames Police Inspector</hi>), On 31st March, about 1.30 a.m., the prosecutrix came to the station, drunk, and injured on the temple—she made a complaint to the inspector on duty, and Dr. Serjeant was sent for—I went to 1, Upper Well Alley, and found the prisoner in bed asleep—I asked him if his name was Cornelius Hogan—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Did you assault Mary Ann Cokely?"—he said, "No"—I said, "She says you did, you are wanted at Wapping Police-station"—he went with me at once—he was perfectly sober—I found on him a purse and a small pocket-knife with the blade broken—I then went to Mrs. Cokely's lodging, and found the parlour window smashed in and the floor saturated with blood—I did not see any blood on the bed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-115" type="surname" value="EDWIN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-115" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY EDWIN SERJEANT</persName> </hi>, M. D. I live at 203, High Street, Shadwell—early on the morning of 31st March I was called to the station, and saw Cokely—she had a clear incised wound about an inch long above her right eyebrow—it could have been done with this knife, but I think it was done with a knife with a wider blade—she was not quite sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The wound might have been done by glass; glass will make as clean cuts as a knife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The wound was down to the bone, but there is no cover
<lb/>ing to the bone there, except the simple skin—if a person fell upon glass you might find some of it in the wound, or you might not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-116" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-116" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>). I live next door to Mrs. Keefe—on 31st March, about 12.30, I was looking out at the front window first floor, waiting for my father—I heard Mrs. Hall, who lives over Mrs. Cokely, call out, "Oh, you wicked vagabond!" and Mrs. Storey came out with her head and hand bleeding—I did not see Mary Ann Cokely then, or Mrs. Keefe, but the prisoner came down the court, and Mary Cokely struck him—I did not hear the breaking of glass—Mary Cokely went up the court, and the prisoner began talking to the mother at her door, who struck him and made his hand bleed, and he came into our place and washed off the blood, and then went away, not the same way as Mary Ann Cokely—if anybody says he went up to her and knocked her down in the court and kicked her, that is not true—I saw her, but I swear she was not bleeding—if it is sworn that she was taken to the station and the wound was dressed, that is not true; the surgeon has spoken falsely, and the policeman also—I did not see him hit her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-117" type="surname" value="SWEENEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-117" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK SWEENEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>). I live next door to the prisoner, and am a labourer—on 31st March, about 12.40 a.m., I was sitting by the fire reading a book, heard a noise, and saw Mrs. Storey run out of the passage, bleeding from her head and thumb; she was by my street door—I asked her who did it—she said, "That wicked curse, Mary Cokely"—Mary Cokely was in the passage of her own house Mrs. Storey went up the court, and Mary Cokely came back in ten minutes, with a policeman behind her—she had no wound that I saw—it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060021"/>
<p>was dark, but there was a lamp outside—I had not been in bed; I heard the smashing of Mrs. Keefe's window; something was thrown through the window from the inside first; there were outside shutters, but they were open—I heard the smash of glass, and saw the prisoner walk out it the window.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner.</hi> Something came through the window, but I could not see what—I saw you bleeding; I did not see you go into the house—the policeman came to arrest Mary Cokely from 1.20 to 1.30—I did not hear her say that no policeman came to arrest her—you stood on the other side of the court, five yards off, and I do not think it would be possible to break the window from the outside; if you had I should have seen some excitement on your part—you were complaining, and you went to my house to wash your hands.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Mrs. Storey is not here; I sent my mother to her, but she is unable to come; she is afraid of these people—I did not see any
<lb/>one smash the window; it was done from the inside.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have said that the prisoner might have smashed one or two panes, and he did as far as I could see—I took him into my place to wash his hands before he smashed the window.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-118" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-118" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I am single, and live at 42, Archer Road, St. George's—I was in Old Gravel Lane, and a person called me to give me a glass, and Mary Ann Cokely came up and struck me—she had been tantalising the prisoner, and I believe she was jealous of him—she asked me for two shillings outside the Police-court after his committal, and said she would swear it, and Catherine Lomas can prove it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, stated that he had been absent from England tight or nine years, and came home eight weeks ago to get married to Catherine Collins, and that the prosecutrix was jealous, and would not have either of them alone, and used to call him a murderer and a black bastard, and taught hold of him by his hair and tried to strangle him, till a constable made to let go; that she also struck Catherine Collins, and made her face a mass of blood and scratches, and said, "Now I will see whether you will get married," and on another occasion tore a lot of hair out of her head; that on the day in question he went to the house to speak to the prosecutrix, and the fire-irons were thrown through the window and struck him, and the prose
<lb/>cutrix rushed out, totting "Police!" and "Murder!" and he went home to bed; that the prosecutrix had frequently threatened to have his liberty taken from Kim, and that she Shaved so violently before the Magistrate that he threatened to lock her up in the cells.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-119" type="surname" value="KEEFE"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-119" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY KEEFE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I stood by the side of my daughter and the baby when the prisoner broke the panes of glass—I said, "In the name of God, what are you coming here for?" and he bounced in and I saw blood on her forehead and on this night-dress (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—she had her boots on, but no stockings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-120" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-120" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GREEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The prosecutrix had her stays and chemise on, but no dress.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18910406-344-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-344-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-344-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding. Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on account of the provocation.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-344-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-344-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-344-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-344-18910406 t18910406-344-punishment-22"/>To enter into recognisances to come up for judgment when called on.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060022"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, April</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-345">
<interp inst="t18910406-345" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-345" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-345-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-345-18910406 t18910406-345-offence-1 t18910406-345-verdict-1"/>
<p>345.
<persName id="def1-345-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-345-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-345-18910406" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-345-18910406" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-345-18910406" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JONES</hi> (61)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-345-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-345-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-345-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin;</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-122" type="surname" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-122" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR BENJAMIN</persName> </hi>. I am potman at the Mechanics' Larder, Gray's Inn Road—at a quarter to three on 2nd March I was serving—the prisoner called for three-halfpenny worth of rum, I served him; he gave me a counterfeit shilling; I noticed it was counterfeit, and put it between my teeth; the prisoner said, "Oh, is it bad?"—I then broke it in half with my teeth, and gave the pieces back to him—he then gave me a sixpence, and I gave him fourpence halfpenny change in bronze—Mr. Tyndall was there at the time looking at me, and he saw the coin, and when the prisoner went out rather sharply, he put on his hat and coat and went after him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You also said, "Did I give you that?"—I will swear I broke it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-123" type="surname" value="TYNDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-123" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES TYNDALL</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Mechanics' Larder—on the after
<lb/>noon of 2nd March I saw the prisoner hand the coin to the last witness, who put it in his teeth and broke it, and put the pieces on the counter—the prisoner said, "Is it bad?" and took them up—I saw him pay six
<lb/>pence for the drink—he received the change and left the house quietly—in the course of a minute or two I followed him—I met a sergeant and in
<lb/>spector, and told them what had occurred—the sergeant followed a little distance behind me—the prisoner stopped twice and looked round—he went into the Calthorpe Arms, about 200 or 300 yards away—I went into the next compartment and spoke to the manageress, Miss Hubert—she went to the till and showed me a number of shillings; among them I found a bad one—I went outside the public-house and saw the sergeant there, and spoke to him again—I went back into the Calthorpe Arms—Miss Hubert had left the house by another door to see me outside—the prisoner left the house as I went in—Miss Hubert made another com
<lb/>munication to me and showed me another bad shilling—I saw the prisoner immediately after he left the house, about 100 yards off, walking—I followed, and the sergeant behind me—when the prisoner looked round and saw me following he ran—I stopped him in a shop about a quarter of a mile off—he said, "What is it for?"—on the way to the station he said, "Is it for counterfeits?"—I gave the two shillings which Miss Hubert handed to me to the sergeant.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was about a yard from Benjamin when he gave you the shilling back—when I followed you I was fifteen or twenty yards behind—I did not see what you paid with in the Calthorpe Arms; you had been served and got change—I did not know you had a cigar—I did not mark either shilling; I put them together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-124" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-124" type="surname" value="HUBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-124" type="given" value="CECILIA"/>CECILIA HUBERT</persName> </hi>. I am manageress at the Calthorpe Arms, Gray's Inn Road—about a quarter to three on 2nd March the prisoner came in and was served with something; then Tyndall came in and spoke to me—I went to the till and took some money up; among it I found this bad shilling—there were nothing but shillings there—I showed the coins to Tyndall, and handed this bad shilling to him—the prisoner was still in the bar, he called for a twopenny cigar, and gave me a counterfeit shilling—I saw it was bad when he placed it on the counter, before I took it up—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060023"/>
<p>I spoke to my potman—the prisoner could see I was speaking to him, but he could not hear what I said—the potman was at the side of the bar and the prisoner was in front, and he walked quickly out of the bar when I turned to speak to the potman; I had not given him any change—I went to the door and saw the prisoner running hard up Wells Street; no one was after him—I next saw him in the police-station—I handed the two shillings to Mr. Tyndall; they are both here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I put no mark on the shillings; the first one was very dark and dirty; I picked it out directly I got to the police-station; the second was very light in colour.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not part with the shilling paid for the cigar till I handed it to Tyndall.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-125" type="surname" value="PROCKTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-125" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PROCKTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant E</hi> 53). About a quarter to 3 p.m. on 2nd March I met Tyndall in the Gray's Inn Road; he made a communication to me—I saw the prisoner walking rather hurriedly in the direction of the Calthorpe Arms; I followed behind Tyndall—I saw Tyndall go in, and waited outside till he came out—I did not see the prisoner come out; I next saw him walking in Phoenix Street, 300 yards off; he turned his head and saw me running, and commenced to run—I was in uniform—Tyndall was in advance of me, running—I followed a little over a quarter of a mile; he wad stopped in a small shop in Mount Pleasant—he said, "What is this for?"—he repeated that two or three times—I was breathless and unable to answer, and before I had spoken at all he said, "What is this for—counterfeits?"—I then said, "Yes, that is it"—he said nothing—he was taken to the station and charged; he said, "I know nothing about it"—lie save an address at New Chambers, Lambeth Walk—I searched and found on him 6s. 6d. silver, a half-crown, a florin, a shilling, and two sixpences, thirteenpence bronze, all good money, loose in his trousers pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You spoke about counterfeits at the door of the shop—you said, "What is this for?" as we were bringing you out, and when you were brought out, you said, "Counterfeits?"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-126" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-126" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these coins are both counterfeit and from different moulds—the coin Benjamin broke between his teeth is certainly bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner stated in his defence that he did not not give a bad shilling to the barman, and that the barman did not break it, but only bent it; he asserted his innocence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-345-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-345-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-345-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of feloniously utter
<lb/>ing, in March</hi>, 1888,
<hi rend="italic">at this Court, in the name of
<persName id="t18910406-name-127">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-127" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>William Brown</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-345-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-345-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-345-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-345-18910406 t18910406-345-punishment-23"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-346">
<interp inst="t18910406-346" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-346" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-346-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-346-18910406 t18910406-346-offence-1 t18910406-346-verdict-3"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-346-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-346-18910406 t18910406-346-offence-1 t18910406-346-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-346-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-346-18910406 t18910406-346-offence-1 t18910406-346-verdict-2"/>
<p>346.
<persName id="def1-346-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-346-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-346-18910406" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-346-18910406" type="surname" value="BURKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-346-18910406" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDMUND BURKE</hi> (31)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-346-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-346-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-346-18910406" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def2-346-18910406" type="surname" value="MUNRO"/>
<interp inst="def2-346-18910406" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MUNRO</hi> (32)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-346-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-346-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-346-18910406" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def3-346-18910406" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def3-346-18910406" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SMITH</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-346-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-346-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-346-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, and having another in their possession.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WLLMOT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. WILLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Burke, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAUL TAYOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Munro.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-131" type="surname" value="DURMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-131" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR DURMAN</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Clarence Tavern, 24, Charing dross—on the evening of 14th March, Smith and Munro came in together, Smith called for drinks and paid with a shilling; I gave him change—about half-an-hour afterwards Burke came in—he joined the other prisoners; he appeared to know them—about five minutes after</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060024"/>
<p>he came in he called for two pennyworth of gin cold and two halves of mild ale—he paid with a shilling—then they had tobacco and smokes; Burke paid with a shilling; I gave 8d. change—Smith called for half a quartern of gin in a bottle, and paid with a shilling, and I gave him 7 1/2 d. change—then Burke called for half-an-ounce of tobacco and paid with a shilling, and I gave him 10d. change—Burke called for drinks again, the same as before; he paid with a shilling, and I gave him 8d. change—then they had another smoke, which Burke paid for with a shilling—I gave him 10d. change—Burke afterwards put another shilling on the counter, about half-past eight, and was going to call for drinks, when I noticed the shilling looked rather blurred on the edge, and I took it up and spoke to the manager, and showed it to him—of the shillings they had given me I had put five on the top shelf and one on the second shelf—a constable was sent for while they remained at the bar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIS</hi>. The Clarence is a large place and does a good business; there were not many people in at this time—the prisoners were in the compartment in front of the house facing the Admiralty; it holds about a dozen people along the bar—there are four other assistants—I cannot say what coins were on the rack at eight o'clock—it is not possible that any of the prisoners could have been served by another assistant, because they are not allowed to come to my end of the bar, and I am not allowed to go to theirs—I accepted six shillings without looking at them; it is my usual way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. Smith paid on two occasions, Burke on four occasions; Munro did not pay at all; I did not hear any of the conversa
<lb/>tion between the prisoners; I was busy attending to other customers during the greater part of the time; I do not know Munro by sight; I did not see him pass money to Smith; if he had done so I must have seen it when Smith paid, as they were all standing in front of me; I had not seen Smith or Burke in the house before; I have been there three months; I was not there when the money was found on the floor—the change I gave each time consisted of sixpence and odd pence; I gave no change to Munro.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-132" type="surname" value="AVENALL"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-132" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM AVENALL</persName> </hi>. I am manager at the Clarence Tavern, Charing Cross—on the evening of the 14th March Durman spoke to me, and showed me a bad shilling; I examined the shelves above the till, and found five bad shillings on the top and one on an underneath shelf—I sent for a constable unknown to the prisoners—the constable charged them; they said nothing—they were taken to the station—I followed with my porter—on the way, between Whitehall Gardens and Old Scotland Yard, I picked up a bad shilling, and I saw my porter pick up two bad shillings, which he gave to me—the three prisoners had passed over that spot about three yards in front of me—after they had been charged at the station I returned to the tavern—a private customer there handed me seven bad shillings—those, and the three I picked up, and the others were handed to Moore at the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIS</hi>. I did not see any of the prisoners drop these in the street—I have five assistants; there are different tills for different bars—all assistants have access to this rack, but only one bar
<lb/>man would use it—it would be out of the other barmen's way to go to it—if they had not sufficient change they might go there.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060025"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. I picked the shilling up by the edge of the kerb where Burke was walking, so that apparently he dropped it.
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Smith.</hi> I did not see you waiting outside saying good-night when the constable came; you were by the flap when the I barman brought the shilling to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoners walked in a line on the pavement going to the station—the shilling I picked up and those my porter picked up were all together; mine was right on the side of the kerb, and Burke was nearest the kerb.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-133" type="surname" value="STOREY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-133" type="given" value="VICTOR"/>VICTOR STOREY</persName> </hi>. I am a private in East Surrey Regiment—on the even
<lb/>ing of 14th March I was with my brother in the Clarence Tavern; I saw the three prisoners there—I saw the constable come in—the prisoners were charged with uttering counterfeit coin and taken to the station—after that I picked up three shillings and my brother picked up four from where the prisoners had been standing previously—we handed them to the barman—I came in at eight o'clock and saw the prisoners have one drink.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIS</hi>. Burke and Smith were there when I entered, and Munro came in afterwards, about eight—that was the first I saw of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. There might have been about a dozen people in the bar—I did not hear Munro say anything to Burke or Smith—I am quite sure of that—I had been in about ten minutes before Munro came in—I stopped there till they were arrested—about ten minutes after the arrest I found the coins—the three prisoners had been standing together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. As Smith and Burke-came in at one door I came in at another—I know the time, because I saw a clock at Charing Cross Station five minutes before I entered the public-house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> They were only drinking for half-an-hour before the police were sent for—there was nothing particular to attract my attention before the police came—the prisoners were strangers to me—Burke and Smith were drinking for ten minutes before Munro joined them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-134" type="surname" value="SCANTLEBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-134" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD SCANTLEBURY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">A</hi> 188). I was called to this tavern about 8.40 p.m.—I saw the prisoners in the bar—Avenall said, "I give these men into custody on a charge of possessing and uttering counterfeit coin"—they said nothing—they did not seem at all surprised; in fact, Burke seemed rather composed about it—I and another constable took them to the station—they were charged, but said nothing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIS</hi>. They all gave correct addresses—search was made there; nothing was found.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. I made inquiries with regard to Munro; he is employed at the London Road Car Company's office; he is a respectable, honest man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-135" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-135" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MOORE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant A</hi> 41). I was at King Street Police-station when the prisoners were brought in—Avenall came too, and charged them with uttering six counterfeit coins, and he handed me the six shillings that had been passed over the bar, one that he took from the bar, three that he had picked up on the way to the station, and seven that had been given to him by Storey—one counterfeit shilling was found in Burke's trousers pockets; there were eighteen altogether—he said nothing when I found it—when charged Smith said, "I only passed one shilling, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060026"/>
<p>this man (pointing to Munro) gave it to me"—the others did not say any
<lb/>thing—on Burke I found, besides the counterfeit shilling, six sixpences good, 1s. 4d. in bronze, two small coils of wire, and several shoemaking tools—on Munro I found a bunch of keys, 3s. 9d. good silver, 5 1/2 d. bronze, and a small knife—on Smith I found two good sixpences, 4d. bronze, a quartern bottle containing gin, I believe.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIS</hi>. They gave correct addresses, where I searched; nothing was found—Burke is a shoemaker and horsekeeper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>. Munro had on him a shilling, a florin, threepence, and sixpence, all good—I have made inquiries about him—he is engaged at the London Road Car Company's office at Page Street, Westminster, at a salary of 25s. a week—so far as I know he is a sober and honest man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Smith.</hi> The other prisoners were in the station when you made the statement to me about Munro giving you the shilling; they did not contradict it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-136" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-136" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, I have examined these eighteen shillings; they are all counterfeit; some are from the same mould, and some are connected with those in another case tried here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Burke's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "The shilling found on me I got out of change for a two-shilling piece in the house."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Munro received a good character from a foreman to the Road Car Company. Smith, in his defence, said that when he went into the house he saw Munro and Burke together; that he had never seen Munro before, and that he had never said that Munro had given him a bad shilling; that he changed a shilling for a drink, but that he did not know it was bad.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MUNRO</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-346-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-346-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-346-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-346-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-346-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-346-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910406-346-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-346-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-346-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-346-18910406 t18910406-346-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Months' Hard Labour</hi> </rs>,
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURKE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-346-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-346-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-346-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-346-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-346-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-346-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-346-18910406 t18910406-346-punishment-25"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-347">
<interp inst="t18910406-347" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-347" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-347-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-347-18910406 t18910406-347-offence-1 t18910406-347-verdict-1"/>
<p>347.
<persName id="def1-347-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-347-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-347-18910406" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-347-18910406" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="def1-347-18910406" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD HILL</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-347-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-347-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-347-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-347-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-347-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-347-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910406-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-138" type="surname" value="COWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-138" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-347-offence-1 t18910406-name-138"/>Joseph Cowell</persName>, and stealing therein a pair of stockings, and other articles,</rs> and £1;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>** to a conviction of felony in September, 1890, at this Court—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-347-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-347-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-347-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-347-18910406 t18910406-347-punishment-26"/>Twenty Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-348">
<interp inst="t18910406-348" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-348" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-348-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-348-18910406 t18910406-348-offence-1 t18910406-348-verdict-1"/>
<p>(348).
<persName id="def1-348-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-348-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-348-18910406" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-348-18910406" type="surname" value="SAMUELS"/>
<interp inst="def1-348-18910406" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES SAMUELS</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-348-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-348-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-348-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t18910406-name-140" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-140" type="surname" value="BRIDGER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-140" type="given" value="WALLACE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-348-offence-1 t18910406-name-140"/>Wallace Bridger</persName>, and stealing certain articles and money;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>** to a conviction of felony in January, 1887—
<rs id="t18910406-348-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-348-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-348-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-348-18910406 t18910406-348-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twenty Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910406-348-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-348-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-348-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, April</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lawrance.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-349">
<interp inst="t18910406-349" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-349" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-349-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-349-18910406 t18910406-349-offence-1 t18910406-349-verdict-1"/>
<p>349.
<persName id="def1-349-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-349-18910406" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-349-18910406" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-349-18910406" type="surname" value="ROWLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-349-18910406" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ROWLAND</hi> (35)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18910406-349-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-349-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-349-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18910406-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-142" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-142" type="surname" value="ROWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-142" type="given" value="FLORENCE MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-349-offence-1 t18910406-name-142"/>Florence Mary Rowland</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-143" type="surname" value="DAINTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-143" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY DAINTON</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Joseph Harry Dainton,. a carpenter, of 13, Hayne Home Road, West Kensington—I know the prisoner—she lodged with me first of all from 12th to the 18th August last—she came through my advertising—she said she wanted to get lodgings, because she expected to be confined—she said she was married—we arranged that she should pay five shillings a week for her lodging; she paid me what was due after 9th December, not till then—on 18th November she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060027"/>
<p>went to the British Lying-in Hospital in Endell Street, and was confined there—on Wednesday, 3rd December, I went to the hospital and fetched her away with her baby, a girl—she stayed with me until the following Tuesday, the 9th—she then left and went to live with Mrs. Wood at South Hampstead; I went there with her, and she remained there, and I took the child back and kept it; she was to pay me as she took her money—this piece of paper is my handwriting—I always received the money from her on giving her a piece of paper, and the paper would be sent back to me by her when she sent more money; this was the last paper I had—up to 9th December about £2 15s. was owing to me; that has not been paid—on Tuesday, the 13th, the prisoner came to my house and said she had made arrangements with a person to take baby from me, and Mrs. Aubrey would come next day to take baby—up to that time the prisoner provided the clothes that the child was wearing—I was to prepare clothes, everything fit for a child, and she brought more clothes with her when she came on the Tuesday—on the 14th January Mrs. Aubrey came and took the child away—it was then in perfect health—I have never seen the child since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Altogether she has paid me £6 5s. down to December 12th, in such sums as £1 13s., 7s., 6s., and 16s.—I never bothered her for money—she paid me whenever she could, I was perfectly satisfied; I had more from her than I thought I should have—I never pressed her; she was fond of the baby; she always took care of it, she appeared to be attached to it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-144" type="surname" value="AUBREY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-144" type="given" value="FANNY JANE"/>FANNY JANE AUBREY</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Aubrey, of 18, Dieppe Street, West Kensington—I am at present engaged as a cook in the Isle of Wight—I have a daughter, she belonged to a girls' Sunday-school, and a lady there knew Mrs. Wood, with whom the prisoner was then living—in consequence of what was said to me I went to Mrs. Wood, and saw the prisoner there—I told her my name was Aubrey, and that I had brought a card from a lady who had asked my daughter to ask me would I take a nurse child—she said she was wet nurse to Mrs. Wood's child, but that the person who had it then had another child, and so could not take care of it any longer; I asked her what her terms were—she said five shillings a week—I said that was not quite sufficient for so young a baby—I said I wanted seven shillings and sixpence—she said her husband was in a consumptive hospital ill, and I agreed to take five shillings—I was moving at this time; I gave her my address, and she said she would come and see me in a day or two—I got a letter from her about 14th or 15th January; it was destroyed, it was telling me she was sorry she could not come to see me as she had agreed for me to go to Mrs. Dainton's, and bring the baby back with me, and a few things which she had—she said in the letter that she was rather short of the long clothes, but she was making short clothes, and she would send them in a week or so—upon that letter I went to Mrs. Dainton's and got the child—it was in good health when it came into my hands—at the end of a week I got another letter from the prisoner, enclosing a postal order for five shillings—then on 30th or 31st January I got this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "Millwage Green, Croft Gardens, West Hampstead. Dear Mrs. Aubrey,—I have enclosed five shillings for baby. I hope it is all right, and no trouble. I am glad that you are going to take her to be vaccinated next week. I am afraid</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060028"/>
<p>I shall be obliged to deprive you of her again, as my husband says he has a friend in the country who wants to take baby, and would like to keep her as their own; so if you won't be offended, and won't mind taking her to be done, as I am wanted here, so can't get away for a week or two, but will let you know when I can come and fetch her; so I don't know that it is worth while to send the clothes now, as I shall have to bring them back again.") I did take the child to be vaccinated on the Monday after—the child got over the vaccination very well—about 9th or 10th February I received this letter from the prisoner, in answer to one I wrote asking her to send me a certificate of baby's birth in case it should be asked for. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "I am pleased to think that baby is vacci
<lb/>nated, and that she is a good little thing. I hope it will get on all right, and not make her ill. "You must not think it anything against you that I am going to take baby away, only it is a friend I have known almost all my life, and she wishes to have baby. I hope you will be successful and get another. If I know of one I will let you know. I have enclosed P.O. order for five shillings and card of register of birth. On Thursday evening I will fetch her, or if you can bring her to Baker Street at a quarter to seven, and I will pay you for it; that would save my coming right there, as I have to go to Waterloo. You can send me her things by Carter Paterson. I shall not want them, only what she wears, as I have short clothes made for her.")—on that Thursday night, 12th February, I went to Baker Street Station at a quarter to seven; I took the child with me; it was then in good health; I fed it before leaving home, and I fed her with the bottle while in the train—I took with me a clean nightgown and half a dozen diapers, tied up in a brown paper parcel; my daughter's address in writing was on the paper—the child had on a flannel band, a shirt, a long flannel, a linen binder, a white nightgown, and a little pink-and-white jacket, and boots tied with pink ribbon, a piece of blanketing and necessaries to keep it warm and comfortable; a white wool shawl, a red-and-black shawl, a little white neck-handkerchief, and a hood—I met the prisoner at the station; I had to wait a little while for her—she was carrying a tin bonnet-box, of a yellow colour—I gave her the baby and asked her how she thought she was looking—she said she thought she was looking very well indeed; that she had grown, and that she was a dear little thing—I told her I had brought a parcel of a few things for her in case they were wanted; a little nightgown, and diapers, and her bottle—I handed her the parcel and bottle separate, and I said, "I don't think you will have to feed her again, she will go to sleep, as I have fed her in the train"—she said, "Will you untie the string and put it inside for me? it is rather hard to lock, so I have brought a piece of string—I untied the string and opened the box, and put the parcel and the bottle inside—there was a small sheet of brown paper folded in the box; I think I laid the certificate with it; I had carried it in my hand, think
<lb/>ing she might want to put it in her pocket, but I think I put it in the box—this is it—I said, "Are you going to take the baby to its destination?"—she said, "Yes"—I said, "When you take off her things you will see how she is grown"—she said, "Oh, I can see now, Mrs. Aubrey; you have taken care of her; she is a dear little thing," and kissed her—this was in the station—she asked, did it matter about not paying me the money she had promised; that she had not been paid herself; but she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060029"/>
<p>would send it on to me next evening—I said I was a little disappointed, but of course that would do—she carried the baby and I carried the box—she said she wanted a Westminster 'bus, as she was going to Waterloo—I said, "I will go with you to the corner of Baker Street and see you in the 'bus—she gave me two shillings; I was to have had six—we walked to the top, and there was an omnibus going to Oxford Street—she got in, and I handed her the box, and that was the last I saw of her—I left London on the Tuesday afterwards, and went to the Isle of Wight—I afterwards received four shillings from her—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are part of the things I gave the prisoner on the 12th. February, the nightgown and this diaper that I put on the baby, and this is the paper I tied the parcel up in—the other things I never saw till I saw them in Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I only saw the prisoner when I went to take the child, and at Baker Street—I did not see her with the child the first time; she appeared to be fond of it when I took it to Baker Street—the last things I saw her doing with it was to hold it up to me through the window of the 'bus—I thought she was really sincerely fond of it, from her letters, and from the way in which she handled it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-145" type="surname" value="AUBREY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-145" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM AUBREY</persName> </hi>. I am a cab driver, and live at 18, Dieppe Street—the last witness is my wife—from time to. time while my wife was taking care of this little child letters used to come to her—I saw these two letters—I recollect my wife giving up the baby on 12th February, and filing to the Isle of Wight—after that a letter came, which I believe to be in the same handwriting as these two—I am not sure whether that letter was burnt or torn up, I cannot find it—it enclosed a Post-office order for four shillings—there was something written in it about the child being all right, and just in time to meet the person at Waterloo who was going to take the child from her—I do not remember anything else in the letter—I did not pay much attention to it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-146" type="surname" value="GERDSUM"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-146" type="given" value="JOHANNA"/>JOHANNA GERDSUM</persName> </hi>. I am cook to Mrs. Wood, of Greencroft Gardens—the prisoner was there as wet nurse to Mrs. Wood's baby—I have seen the prisoner write—these two letters are in her handwriting—she told me she was the wife of George Rowland, a draper's assistant at Eastbourne—from time to time I saw her writing letters; she said one was to her husband—I recollect her going out on 12th February; she said she was going to Baker Street to take the child from Mrs. Aubrey to Waterloo; that she had had a letter from her husband saying that friends of hers, Mr. and Mrs. Foster, were going to take the child and keep it until they got settled—she said Foster was a draper's assistant, the same as her husband, and Mrs. Foster was an old schoolfellow of hers, and they were living at Ringwood—she left the house that day, taking a tin box with her; there was nothing in it but a piece of brown, paper and string, which she put in it—I asked her why she was going to take it—she said Mrs. Aubrey might not have a nice piece of paper to put the baby's clothes in, and therefore she took it—this is the box (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—she left about half-past six—she came back about a quarter past nine the same evening; she came into the kitchen—she smelt strongly of' peppermint, and I noticed that she was very pale—she was carrying this hat box and a brown paper parcel—she put the box down just inside the kitchen door, and put the brown paper parcel on the table; the box sounded as if it was heavy—she took a feeding bottle from her pocket;.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060030"/>
<p>it was empty; that was put into the kitchen drawer—I asked her why she brought it back—she said Rose (Mrs. Foster) had got two, she did not want three, so she let her have two, and brought the other one—I asked her what the husband thought of the baby—she said he thought it was a nice little child—she said she had met Mr. and Mrs. Foster and her husband, and they went into the refreshment room at Waterloo Station; that she had a glass of port wine and Mrs. Foster had a glass of peppermint, and in larking she touched Mrs. Foster's arm and spilt the peppermint over the baby and over her things—I had asked her about the smell of peppermint, and that was her explanation of it—the paper parcel was opened that evening, and in it were two baby's nightdresses and two shawls—neither of the shawls are here—one was a large woollen one—these are the two night-dresses—at the Police-court the prisoner was wearing the woollen shawl; that smelt of pepper-mint—a little time afterwards the prisoner went upstairs to bed, taking the box with her; it was put under the nursery bed; that was her bedroom—next day I saw her washing the two night-dresses and the shawl—I asked why she was washing them—she said that Mrs. Aubrey had sent them back dirty—before the 12th February I noticed her doing needlework and making baby's clothes—I did not see her doing that after the 12th—I asked her why she did not finish off sending them to Rose—she said Rose had plenty; that her mother had sent them on to Rose, and she did not need any more; that she had a lot of Cecil's clothes; that they had been sent on to Mrs. Foster; Cecil was the name of her little boy—the prisoner borrowed small sums of me several times while she was with me; she paid me all back; she does not owe me anything now—her wages were paid on the 11th, fifteen shillings; out of that she paid ten shillings to the housemaid which she had borrowed—the tin box was under the nursery bed all the time up to the 25th February; it was opened on that day—I was with the prisoner in the nursery after it was opened, and had some conversation with her—I asked her whether she did it, and was it the night she went to see George—she said, "Yes"—I said, "What made you do it?"—she said she gave it some peppermint; it had got the wind, and it took its breath away—I said, "Why did you not speak of it when you came home?"—she said she was afraid, and she had put it in the box; that was all the conversation—she was then taken away—I do not know anything about this piece of brown paper that has been produced; there is some writing on it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She was making no more clothes after the 12th; up to the 12th she was making clothes—I had several conversations with her about the child—there was only one other servant in the house besides me—we were thrown together a good deal; we had many talks—she always expressed herself in an affectionate manner about the child; I inferred that she was fond of it—she said on one occasion that she was not so fond of her own child as she was of Mrs. Wood's, that she was nursing—she appeared to be fond of children—I knew that she had a child three years old that her mother was taking care of—I do not know whether the box was locked when she went out with it; she tried to lock it—I did not notice whether it was locked when she brought it back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-147" type="surname" value="AUBREY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-147" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM AUBREY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Recalled</hi>). I saw the child while my wife was taking</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060031"/>
<p>care of it; I afterwards saw the dead baby at the hospital; I believe it to be the same child.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-148" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-148" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK FOSTER</persName> </hi>. I am a draper's assistant, at Brentwood—my native place is Blandford, Dorset—about four years ago I was an appren
<lb/>tice to a draper there—George Maidment was a fellow-apprentice—I know the prisoner quite well—she was at Blandford at that time—George Maidment used to keep company with her—I last saw him about three years ago—I am a single man—I do not know a girl named Rose; I am not engaged to anybody named Rose—I do not know anyone named George Rowland—I did not agree to take care of a child in February this year—I had no communication from the prisoner in that month, or from Maidment, or from any person named Rowland—I was not at Waterloo Station on the night of 12th February—I did not see the prisoner at all on that day; I have not seen her for over three years—I nave never lived at Ringwood, in Hampshire.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I last saw the prisoner, she was in the service of a photographer at Bournemouth; I think that was about three years ago, it might be longer—George Maidment was keeping company with her at that time; he was supposed to be going to be married to her—I do not know that he seduced her under the promise of marriage; he was supposed to have done so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-149" type="surname" value="LAMBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-149" type="given" value="SELINA"/>SELINA LAMBERT</persName> </hi>. I live at Pimpery, near Blandford—the prisoner is my daughter; she is not married—I am now taking charge of a little boy of hers called Cecil, an illegitimate child, the son of George Maidment, who used to keep company with my daughter—she came up to London after that, and has lived there ever since, in service—I did not hear from her that she was about to be confined of a second child—I do not know a George Rowland, a draper's assistant at Eastbourne, or elsewhere—I have never received a letter from anyone of that name—I knew Mr. Foster—I never sent any child's clothes to him, or made any arrangements for doing so, to him or to any person—some time before 10th March I received a letter from the prisoner—there was no mention in that letter of any other child.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My daughter is now twenty years of age—she lived; with me till she was fifteen—she then went out to service to Mr. Barnard, for three years; then to the Rev. Mr. Wilkinson for nine months; then to Mr. Derwent as cook for some time—during all that time she was keeping company with Maidment, and engaged to be married to him, the banns were put up in church, and the day before they were going to be I married he ran away and left her—he seduced her, and I have been keeping the child Cecil—she has sent me clothes for that child, and always expressed great affection towards it—after he was born she came to a situation in London—I never heard of the birth of this child till the police communicated with me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The boy I am taking care of was six or seven month sold when she came to London—Maidment supported it by small inst
<lb/>alments, which my daughter forwarded to me; but he has gone away altogether.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-150" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-150" type="given" value="CATHERINE GRACE"/>CATHERINE GRACE WOOD</persName> </hi>. I live at Greencroft, South Hampstead—I am the wife of Mr. Wood, a solicitor—about 9th December I engaged the prisoner as a wet nurse; she came to my house with the baby and Mrs. Dainton—after some days I engaged Mrs. Aubrey to take care of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060032"/>
<p>it—the prisoner told me she was married to a draper's assistant at Eastbourne—I gave her fifteen shillings a week, and paid her every Tuesday as near as possible—I recollect paying her fifteen shillings on 11th February, the day before she left; that was all that was due to her; I had given her five shillings in advance before—on 12th February she asked leave to go out to meet her husband; she did not say where—I gave her leave to go—I saw her go that evening; she had a small tin bonnet-box with her—I saw her again about half-past nine that evening, when she came into the nursery crying; she had the same box with her, she put it under the bed in the nursery—I can't say that I noticed any
<lb/>thing about her—I did not speak to her that evening—next morning she told me her husband was very pleased with the child; she did not say where she had been—I did not know that she had taken the child from Mrs. Aubrey—after that day she mentioned the child to me at various times; she always said the child was looking well, and she thought it was nearly as big as my child, although it was younger—before 25th February I noticed that the nursery was very close and stuffy, and on the afternoon of the 25th I made a search, and under the bed found the tin bonnet-box—the prisoner had then gone out with the children—I opened the box, and in it found the body of the child; it was fastened with a small piece of string, which was easily undone—I took the box into the bath-room, and sent for Dr. Milson, who is a relative of mine; he came, and I asked him to see about the matter, and left it entirely in his hands—I had no further conversation with the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She appeared fond of my child.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-151" type="surname" value="FALKLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-151" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE FALKLAND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector S</hi>). I was present at the Police-court when Police-constable Barling was sworn, and gave evidence in this case before the Magistrate in the prisoner's hearing—the prisoner was present, and had a solicitor, who had the opportunity of cross-examina
<lb/>tion; this is Barling's signature to his deposition—I saw him at nine this morning; he was in bed, suffering from yellow jaundice, and is unable to travel—I produce a medical certificate to that effect. (
<hi rend="italic">Deposition read:</hi> "About four yesterday afternoon Dr. Milson came to me. I went with him to this house, and into the bath-room. He opened this box in my presence, and I saw the dead body in the box. He took it out of the box and put it back; the box was then taken away by the officer")—I made a search in the nursery, and found this bottle of laudanum on the washhand-stand; the bottle has the same quantity in it now as then—I took the prisoner from the house to the station—Sergeant Riley told her the charge against her—on the way to the station she said nothing to me—I heard the charge read out to her afterwards; she replied, "All I have to say is that I gave it the peppermint."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-152" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-152" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RILEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant S R</hi> 1). On the afternoon of the 25th Feb
<lb/>ruary I saw the prisoner at Mr. Wood's house, in the presence of Constable Barling—I charged her on suspicion of causing the death of her child; she made no answer—I asked her if she had any boxes; she said, "Yes," pointing to one under the bed in the room—it was unlocked—I opened it, and she said, "There is another box downstairs that belongs to me"—there were only articles of women's underclothing in it; no child's clothes—while looking at that box she said, "There is another box downstairs belonging to me, and in that you will find the child's clothing, but they have been washed"—I went down, into the basement,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060033"/>
<p>and found a tin box, and in it these two child's nightgowns and a quantity of child's apparel; they appeared to have been washed and roughly dried—I also found this certificate of birth—she was taken to the station; I followed, and was present when she was formally charged—she made no reply in my hearing—on Saturday, the 28th, I went back to the house, and again searched the box I had seen in the basement—I found in it eight diapers, two white shirts, one finished and one un
<lb/>finished, a white flannel petticoat, a pink flannel frock, unfinished, and a bundle of letters; I have looked through them—I found none purporting to come from George Rowland, nor any referring to any arrangement for keeping the child in the country or elsewhere—there are some signed George Maidment, and principally dated in 1885 and 1886.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-153" type="surname" value="BANNISTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-153" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BANNISTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector S</hi>). I was present at the first hearing at the Police-court on 26th February—I saw the prisoner before she was brought before the Magistrate—I told her who I was, and asked her if she had any friends she would like to be communicated with, so that they might know the position in which she was placed—she said, "No; the child cried so I went into a chemist's shop and bought one pennyworth of peppermint and gave it; then it died in my arms, and I was so frightened I did not know what to do. I put it into the box on West
<lb/>minster Bridge; I took the box with me, because I thought Mrs. Aubrey was going to bring baby's clothes, but she did not bring it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-154" type="surname" value="MILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-154" type="given" value="RICHARD HENRY"/>RICHARD HENRY MILSON</persName> </hi>, M. D. I live at 88, Finchley Road—I am related to Mrs. Wood; she sent for me about four in the afternoon of 25th February—I went upstairs into the bath-room, and found the tin bonnet-box produced; it was hasped, I think, but not locked; I opened it, and found the dead body of a child, covered with brown paper, tied round with a piece of string—when I opened the box I could see the body well, it was very much decomposed—I should say it had been dead about ten or twelve days—I went into an adjoining room and saw the prisoner—I said to her, "You know there has been the dead body of a baby found under your bed"—she said, "Yes; I gave it some pepper
<lb/>mint, and it took its breath away; I gave it in the street in Westminster, it was crying so"—I said, "But peppermint won't kill a baby"—she said, "That was all I gave it, but whatever was done would not do it any harm"—there were no clothes on the child, it was quite naked—there was nothing else in the box except the body, the paper, and the string—on 27th February I made a post-mortem in conjunction with Dr. Pepper—the body was well nourished, weighing from ten to twelve pounds, a proper weight for a child of that age—there were no external marks of violence—there was a deep stain on the upper side of the tip of the tongue, in the centre, extending about a quarter of an inch down
<lb/>wards, about half an inch wide; that might have been produced by pressure of the jaw—the brain was quite healthy; the lungs were healthy, just a little swollen at the edges; that might be from decomposition—the heart was quite healthy; the stomach, liver, and kidneys perfectly healthy, the stomach empty—I found no trace of any chronic disease—I found no trace whatever of peppermint or of any poison having been ad
<lb/>ministered—the cause of death was asphyxia, i.e., suffocation—I could not say from the appearance of the body in what way that suffocation was caused—the body of the child was doubled up in the box, lying with the right side of the face towards the bottom of the box; the head bent</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060034"/>
<p>on the chest, wedged in—the box was not large enough to take the child at full length; it pretty well filled the box—I could not say whether it was put in before or after death, it was so decomposed—in a child of that age rigidity would set in probably in about three or four hours—I am unable to state whether the body was rigid or not when put into the box; I have no knowledge of cases where peppermint has caused suffocation; it is sometimes properly given to children, generally when they have flatulency; it is warming and soothing—a pennyworth bought at a chemist's would be essence of peppermint; that is not very strong, not the strongest form—I am unable to state whether traces of it would be found in a body ten days after death, because of the decomposition—I say that death was caused by suffocation; but I am not able to state in what way that suffocation came about—holding the child's face firmly to the breast might cause suffocation, or covering its face with clothes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> On account of the decomposition it was impossible to say whether there were any traces of peppermint in the stomach or not—essence of peppermint might properly be given to a child crying; it is a soothing thing—I said to the prisoner, "Peppermint would not kill a child; why not call a doctor?" to which she replied she was too frightened to do anything—I corrected that afterwards, and said that was not correct; that was said to the prisoner in Court; I stated that essence of peppermint might produce it—a drop of essence of pepper
<lb/>ment on the top of the windpipe causing a spasm might cause suffocation; it is quite possible.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The essence I speak of is the ordinary essence of pepper
<lb/>mint, which would be sold to a chance customer; that would be quite strong enough; I have made inquiry.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I plead Not Guilty, and reserve my defence."</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18910406-349-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-349-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-349-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on account of her youth, and the painful circumstances in which she was placed.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-349-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-349-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-349-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-349-18910406 t18910406-349-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DEATH</hi>.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, April</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-350">
<interp inst="t18910406-350" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-350" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-350-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-350-18910406 t18910406-350-offence-1 t18910406-350-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-350-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-350-18910406 t18910406-350-offence-1 t18910406-350-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-350-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-350-18910406 t18910406-350-offence-1 t18910406-350-verdict-1"/>
<p>350.
<persName id="def1-350-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-350-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-350-18910406" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-350-18910406" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-350-18910406" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER BROWN</hi> (48)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-350-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-350-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-350-18910406" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def2-350-18910406" type="surname" value="FLOBERT"/>
<interp inst="def2-350-18910406" type="given" value="JEAN BAPTISTE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JEAN BAPTISTE FLOBERT</hi> (44)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-350-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-350-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-350-18910406" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def3-350-18910406" type="surname" value="RATIER"/>
<interp inst="def3-350-18910406" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST RATIER</hi> (53)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-350-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-350-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-350-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully receiving £200, the money of
<persName id="t18910406-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-158" type="occupation" value="lord"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-350-offence-1 t18910406-name-158"/>Lord Revelstoke</persName>, under the pretence of helping him to recover certain stolen bonds.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">C. F. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Brown, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Flobert</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The evidence was interpreted to Ratier.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-159" type="surname" value="ARTESANI"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-159" type="given" value="FRANCIS PETER"/>FRANCIS PETER ARTESANI</persName> </hi>. I am chief clerk in the Spanish department of Baring Brothers, bankers, of 8, Bishopsgate Street Within—some Chilian and Alabama bonds were stolen from the firm in 1883—I knew the prisoner Brown about ten years ago, but our acquaintance ceased about five years ago—on March 5th I received a letter from him at my private house—I know his writing—the letter is destroyed; it was simply making an appointment for the next day at the Bodega, Bishops
<lb/>gate Street—I went there, and met him—he told me he knew where he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060035"/>
<p>could put his hand upon £16,000 worth of the stolen North and South Alabama bonds within twenty-four hours if I could induce the chief to pay for them at the rate of 60 per cent.—I said that is was rather an extraordinary business, but I would mention it to my chief—he said, "My
<hi rend="italic">group</hi> will take ten per cent, for their trouble, and you will get a fourth of that"—I parted with him, and mentioned it to Lord Revelstoke imm
<lb/>ediately, and next day I wrote to Brown and told him they were consider
<lb/>ing the matter—a few days after I received this letter from Brown: "11th March, 25, Finborough Road, Brompton. My dear Artesani,—I shall be glad to hear again from you, as I fear by delay we may miss the oppor
<lb/>tunity of doing the business.—Yours sincerely,
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALEX. BROWN HOVELL</hi>."—I met him next day at the Bodega, and told him I had mentioned the matter to the partners, and I thought they would be willing to give 50 per cent.—I asked whether the
<hi rend="italic">group</hi> would not take 40 per cent.; he said they would not hear of anything under 50, they had got emboldened with the negotiations which had just taken place in Paris at the house of Venables, where they got an advance of £2,000 in cash, against £3,000 worth of bonds—Venables are money-changers in Paris—he said it must be gone on with immediately, otherwise they should lose the business, and he should require a guarantee of the firm written on our paper to protect themselves from the action the police might take—I said the firm would never do that—I afterwards got this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated 13th March, enclosing a form of letter to be written on the firm's paper, and requesting the re-purchase of</hi> 11,000
<hi rend="italic">bonds, to be paid for at</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">per cent, of the price quoted for the day, and</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">per cent, commission</hi>)—I also received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Dated 13th March, from Brown, to the witness, agreeing to allow him a quarter of any money recovered, after paying the amount arranged to the people presenting the Alabama debentures</hi>)—I wrote to him on 14th March by instruction, and met him on the 16th in the Bodega, in answer to a letter from him—he said we were to go to 37 and 38, Mark Lane, at five minutes to two, to meet his people, and I was to take with me a cheque for £1,500, and cash it in gold and £5 notes—he wanted it all in gold, but I objected because it was very heavy, and we arranged for £500 in gold and £1,000 in £5 notes—we went to our office, and I told Brown I could not get the cheque that day—I left him outside and came back and spoke to him—I got a cheque on the 16th, and wrote to him, telling him that I had got it and would cash it next day, and on the 17th I received this letter from him, which crossed mine. (
<hi rend="italic">Offering to meet the witness next day outside Martin's bank</hi>)—on the 17th I found him outside Martin's bank; we went in together, and I cashed the cheque for £1,500, and got £500 in gold and £1,000 in notes at his request—I told him I did not consider it safe with such a large sum on me to meet people I did not know, and that I would rather go to his house or mine, where we could transact the business quite as expeditiously—he said he had arranged to meet them at a friend's office, 37, Mark Lane, and he must acquaint them with my objection—he said that his friends were to pay £5 for the use of the office, and a larger sum if the business was satisfactorily carried out—I said I would remain in Lom
<lb/>bard Street while he went to see his friends—he said that I must not go—he hailed a cab to drive to Mark Lane, and said, "You must trust me with at least £200 to begin with, as my friends cannot do anything with
<lb/>out seeing the money"—I said that I could not part with any money</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060036"/>
<p>without the return of a corresponding number of bonds—he said he was sure there would be no business done unless I gave him the money, and offered his personal guarantee, which I did not accept—the cab arrived at Mark Lane and stopped—he invited me to go upstairs to the office; I said I did not consider it safe to go upstairs with such a large sum of money, and I remained in the cab—he went into the building and came down with Flobert, who asked me if I knew French—I said I could not speak in French with him—he said that the business was a very difficult one, but if I gave the money to Brown it would be all right, and Brown said I must give him £200, as his people had to go to Peckham for the bonds, and the object was to drive to Finborough Road, where we should receive the bonds from his people coming from Peckham—Brown said he would give me a receipt for the £200, and took a leaf out of his pocket-book and wrote this: "Received of Mr. Artesani the sum of £200 for the return of Alabama Bonds.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALEX. BROWN</hi>"—I then handed him a bag containing 200 sovereigns, and he and Flobert went into the building; I remained in the hansom—the three prisoners were then brought out in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>. There was no ill-will between Brown and me, but there was a little misunderstanding; we had a difference, and the acquaintance absolutely ceased; it was renewed on my receipt of this letter this year—our respective families had kept up the acquaintance—Brown did not go into Baring's bank with me, he remained outside while I went in and consulted Lord Revelstoke, and I returned and told him I had done so—when Brown offered me a fourth of the commission I did not say, "Well, it would be handy to have £100 or so just now"—he suggested that bonds value £400 should be handed over from time to time, and I said in my letter that it would take a tremendous time to receive them in driblets—he told me that the £200 was to be given so that the people might fetch the bonds from Camberwell or Peckham, and bring them to his house in Finborough Road, and we, meaning himself and me, were to go to the Cintra Road, meaning his own house, and wait for them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. I understand a little French—he spoke in English when he said, "If you give the £200 to Brown it will be all right."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Brown only went with me to Baring's on 16th March; I went in, and Lord Revelstoke was not there; I said I could not get a cheque that day, as his lordship had gone, and I did not know when he would return—I got the cheque in the evening.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-160" type="surname" value="DOWNES"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-160" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK DOWNES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Inspector</hi>). For a week before 17th March I caused Brown to be kept under observation—Inspectors Lawless Doulton, Cox, and Barton were engaged with me—on 17th March, about 1.45 p.m., I saw Mr. Artesani outside Martin's bank, Lombard Street; he was carrying a bag, and spoke to Brown—they went into the bank and came out and got into a cab, which was driven to 37 and 38, Mark Lane, when Brown went in and returned with Flobert—Rattier was inside the passage—Brown got into the cab again—Flobert went to the cab and rested one foot on the step, Rattier still standing in the passage in sight of the two—after a little time Mr. Artesani handed something to Brown, who got out of the cab, and the three prisoners went hurriedly up the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060037"/>
<p>I steps—I followed them to the third floor with the other officers—they were near an office with the name of Barnes on the door, and close to Gastineau's office—I caught hold of Brown, and said, "We are police officers; where is that money?"—he took this bag containing two hundred sovereigns from the breast pocket of his coat—I said, "Where are the bonds?"—he said, "I don't know; they won't trust me with them, they have got them from Camberwell or Peckham; they have to pass through a number of hands"—I said, "You were to return the bonds for the money"—he said, "Oh no, that was to try and find them"—I said to Flobert, "Whose office were you going in?"—he did not appear to understand, and Rattier spoke to him in French—I said to Flobert, "Where is the key?"—he handed me this key from his pocket—they both said, "It is our friend's; it was lent to us, but he knows nothing"—I said, "In all probability you will be charged with stealing and receiving bonds"—we took them to Seething Lane Police-station—Brown said, "I have done nothing wrong, I am acting under the instructions of Baring's clerk; if I have done wrong he has done I wrong, and ought to be tried with us; this is a trap, and you have no business to do it; it is wrong, and that was proved in the blackmailing case"—I saw Flobert and Battier next morning, and Battier said in broken English, "You was too quick yesterday, if you had waited you would have got the bonds"—Flobert said, "Yes, if you had waited," and I understood him to say, "I have got millions back for them in Paris"—I found these two letters from Mr. Artesani on Brown, of March 14th and 16th; this pencil memorandum was on one of them, "37, Mark Lane 2.5.;" also this French letter signed, "R. Flobert" (
<hi rend="italic">To Mr. Brown, saying, "Let your friend get gold</hi> £500,
<hi rend="italic">notes</hi> £1,000;
<hi rend="italic">we will do as much as we can for it to-morrow; I shall be at Littlejohn's at</hi> 12.15")—I searched Brown, and found a little money and some memoranda.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-161" type="surname" value="LAWLESS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-161" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK LAWLESS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On 16th March I was with Downes and another officer, and saw Mr. Artesani meet Brown at Martin's bank; I have heard the account given by Downes; it is correct—I arrested Flobert on the third floor landing, and said, "I am a police officer; where are the bonds?"—he said, "I have not got them, I know nothing about them; what does it all mean?" in broken English—I took him to Seething Lane Station, searched him, and found several small matters, some coins, tickets, and this letter of March 14th. (
<hi rend="italic">This was in French, from Rattier to Mr. Roberts, making an appointment at Littlejohn's for the following Monday</hi>)—I found some pawn-tickets on Battier, also the letter of March 16th—I saw the key of the office handed to Downes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-162" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-162" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY COX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I was with Downes and Lawless on 17th March, and arrested Battier on the landing going up to the third floor—I said, "I am a police officer; have you heard what Inspector Downes has said?"—he said, "Yes, I know nothing about it"—I took him to Seething Lane Station—between the 10th and 17th March Detective Barker and I kept observation on the prisoners—on 13th March I saw Brown and Flobert by the Mecca coffee-house in Bell Alley; they went to the Shades public-house, and from thence to King William Street, where they met Battier opposite Littlejohn's; they left him and went to 6, Lombard Court—Brown came out with another man, and went to the Shades public-house—Flobert afterwards recognised him in King</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060038"/>
<p>William Street—they met Rattier again, and later on I saw Flobert meet the witness Gastineau—Brown was standing a short distance off while they were speaking—on the 16th I saw Brown go into Little john's, 6, Lombard Court, and come out with Flobert—I followed them from place to place, and left them at the Bodega, Bishopsgate Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-163" type="surname" value="GASTINEAU"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-163" type="given" value="EMILE ALEXIS"/>EMILE ALEXIS GASTINEAU</persName> </hi>. I have been in England eighteen years—I am a commission agent, and live at Brixton—I have an office in Mark Lane, one room on the third floor—the block is numbered 37 and 38—I have known Flobert about three years, and Rattier about six years I do not know Brown much—Flobert asked me to lend him the use of my office on important business; that was about eight days before he was taken—he said that if I allowed him my key he would give me £5, and if he succeeded in the business he would give me £5, and perhaps £10—I, agreed on the Friday to let him have the room for an hour on Monday for £5—I let him have the key on the Monday, and he brought it back to Littlejohn's at 2.45—he had it again on Tuesday in King "William Street, and I never saw it again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>. I trade as Barber and Co.
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY BYRON REYNOLDS</hi>. I am the head of the stock and dividend department at Baring Brothers—on 23rd November, 1883, they had some North and South Alabama Railway bonds, of the nominal value of £200 each, and a Chilian bond for £2,000; they had been deposited as security for a loan of £20,000; they were worth perhaps £25,000—wecould not find them when we wished to put them away, they had disappeared—they were payable to bearer, and we stopped the coupons, as our house is the representative of the railway—we advertised them in the principal London papers, and in Paris and Amsterdam, and handbills were sent round—no trace was found of them till the end of 1889 or the beginning of 1890, when five of the Alabama bonds and the Chilian bond were dealt with by two men named Turner and Clark, who were prosecuted and convicted in this court, and we recovered the bonds—at present there are 100 of the railway bonds which we have not recovered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-164" type="surname" value="SMERDON"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-164" type="given" value="THOMAS RICHARDSON"/>THOMAS RICHARDSON SMERDON</persName> </hi>. I was formerly in the employ of Baring Brothers—I have retired—I was there when Turner and Clark were prosecuted—I remember this parcel of bonds disappearing—Mr. Reynolds drew my attention to it—the coupons were being cut oft on the day they were lost—I did not see the five again till 1890 at the trial, when they were ordered to be restored.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Rattier in his defence stated, through the interpreter, that he acted in perfect good faith in offering to find a person to interest himself in the restitution of the bonds, and he thought he was performing an honest act as an intermediary; that he never saw Mr. Artesani, and never demanded any money for his services, though he knew that a reward awaited him, and that he never saw the money or the bonds.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Brown received a good character.</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-350-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-350-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-350-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RATTIER</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-350-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-350-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-350-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-350-18910406 t18910406-350-punishment-29"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-350-18910406 t18910406-350-punishment-29"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude each.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FLOBERT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">who had been eleven times convicted on the Continent—
<rs id="t18910406-350-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-350-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-350-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-350-18910406 t18910406-350-punishment-30"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-351">
<interp inst="t18910406-351" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-351" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-351-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-351-18910406 t18910406-351-offence-1 t18910406-351-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-351-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-351-18910406 t18910406-351-offence-1 t18910406-351-verdict-1"/>
<p>351.
<persName id="def1-351-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-351-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-351-18910406" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-351-18910406" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-351-18910406" type="given" value="THOMAS JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS JAMES PARKER</hi> (26)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-351-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-351-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-351-18910406" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-351-18910406" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="def2-351-18910406" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HUGHES</hi> (27)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-351-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-351-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-351-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18910406-351-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-351-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-351-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910406-name-167" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-167" type="surname" value="GLENISTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-167" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-351-offence-1 t18910406-name-167"/>George Glenister</persName>, and stealing three pairs of trousers, a bottle of champagne, and a coat, his property.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-351-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-351-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-351-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-351-18910406 t18910406-351-punishment-31"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-351-18910406 t18910406-351-punishment-31"/>Four Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060039"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, April</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-352">
<interp inst="t18910406-352" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-352" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-352-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-352-18910406 t18910406-352-offence-1 t18910406-352-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-352-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-352-18910406 t18910406-352-offence-2 t18910406-352-verdict-2"/>
<p>352.
<persName id="def1-352-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-352-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-352-18910406" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-352-18910406" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-352-18910406" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SMITH</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-352-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-352-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-352-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18910406-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-169" type="surname" value="PETITT"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-169" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-352-offence-1 t18910406-name-169"/>Frederick Petitt</persName>, with intent to resist his lawful apprehension.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYONS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-170" type="surname" value="LUCKFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-170" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS LUCKFORD</persName> </hi>. On the night of 20th March I was in Grenville Street, Baker Street, Clerkenwell, off duty in plain clothes—I heard a cry of "Stop thief!" and saw the prisoner running, with no hat on—he had this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> in his hand, and when I went to close with him he threw it at me—we both fell to the ground—another constable came to my assistance, and we took him to 37, Baker Street, where I saw the prosecutor, bleeding from two large wounds on his head—he said, "That is the man that struck me" as soon as he saw the prisoner—the prisoner did not say anything—I took him to the station; he was charged with the assault.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The other officer was a few yards off when we fell; the
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> was lying in the road about five yards from us.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-171" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-171" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN CHAPMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 61). At 7.30 on 20th March I was in Granville Road—I heard cries of "Stop thief!" and went to Luckford's assistance—I saw the
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> thrown—I picked it up—I assisted Luckford to take the prisoner to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-172" type="surname" value="PETITT"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-172" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK PETITT</persName> </hi>. I am a cab-proprietor, of 37, Baker Street—on the evening of 20th March I left my house about 6.30 and returned about 7.15—I put my key in the door and pushed it a little, but it came back again; I tried it again, and it did the same—then I pressed the door with all my night; someone was inside holding it—when I got inside I saw two men standing at the garden end of the passage, and the prisoner was by the side of the hat-rack—I could not see him till he spoke—he said, "Look out for yourselves," and at the same moment he struck me a blow on my forehead; I could not say what with—it made my eyes strike fire, and I reeled back to get to the door, and then he hit me on the back of the head, and it seemed to put me all right again—both blows were delivered by the same person, one after the other—the other two men had gone to the bottom of the steps—the prisoner got by me, and just as he was going out at the door I hit him with my light stick and ran after him to the top of the square, and saw him run into the constable's arms on the other side of the square—he was brought back to my house, and I identified him—I went to the station, and a doctor was fetched.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> There was no light in the passage—I did not see you till you spoke—I did not say, "Stand or I will fire"—the passage was not in particular darkness; I could see you there after you moved—you are the man that struck me—I believe you had a lump on your head where I struck you with my stick; the doctor felt your head.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I have had a heavy dull pain in my head; I have not felt properly right since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-173" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-173" type="given" value="JOHN ALEXANDER"/>JOHN ALEXANDER MILLER</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon to the police, practising at Percy Circus, Clerkenwell—on 20th March, at 7.30 p.m., I was called to the station, and examined Mr. Petitt's head; he had a contused wound two inches long, and penetrating to the bone on the top of the head and extending down the forehead, and another wound two and a half inches</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060040"/>
<p>long, and penetrating to the bone at the back of his head—the wounds were very serious, and must have been caused by some heavy weapon; any such instrument as this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> would have caused it—the blows must have been given with considerable force—he spent a restless night, and was very feverish, and was unable to attend at the Police-court for seven days—at the station I examined the prisoner's head—he had a small contusion above his left eyebrow; it might have been caused by a light stick—I could not say if a fall to the ground would produce it; it was a little bump—there was no dirt on his forehead, such as might have been expected if he had a fall.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-174" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-174" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SCOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant G</hi>). At 7.45 on 20th March the prisoner was brought into King's Cross station—when the charge was taken he said, "I did not strike him; the man that struck him got away"—the
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> was lying on the table beside him—he said, "That is not the
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi>, it was a heavier one."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner, in a written defence, said that one of the other men struck the blow.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-352-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-352-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-352-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910406-352-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-352-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-352-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18910406-352-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-352-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-352-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>
<hi rend="italic">to breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910406-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-175" type="surname" value="PETITT"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-175" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-352-offence-2 t18910406-name-175"/>Frederick Petitt</persName>, and stealing a handkerchief and other articles.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-352-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-352-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-352-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-352-18910406 t18910406-352-punishment-32"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-353">
<interp inst="t18910406-353" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-353" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-353-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-353-18910406 t18910406-353-offence-1 t18910406-353-verdict-1"/>
<p>353.
<persName id="def1-353-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-353-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-353-18910406" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-353-18910406" type="surname" value="COATES"/>
<interp inst="def1-353-18910406" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH COATES</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-353-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-353-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-353-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a bicycle, the goods of
<persName id="t18910406-name-177" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-177" type="surname" value="ARROBUS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-177" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-353-offence-1 t18910406-name-177"/>Frederick Arrobus</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAZEBBROOK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-178" type="surname" value="ARROBUS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-178" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK ARROBUS</persName> </hi>. I am a manufacturer of fancy goods at 9, "Whitecross Street—on Monday evening, 23rd March, I had a safety bicycle, value about £6, upstairs on the first landing—the front door is always open—I saw it safe between six and half-past, and missed it about 7.5—I know nothing of the prisoner—I next saw it on the 25th at Dalston Lane, and identified it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-179" type="surname" value="ALUM"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-179" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED ALUM</persName> </hi>. I am a cycle engineer at 103a, Dalston Lane; I repair and deal in cycles generally—on Monday evening, 23rd March, about 9.30, the prisoner brought a safety bicycle—he said he had had it for four years, and said, "Will you buy this bicycle?"—I said, "I will sell it for you"—he said, "I have to go abroad to-morrow, and I want to sell it at once"—I told him I thought I could get 30s. or £2 for it—he said, "I want a sovereign for it"—I said, "If you leave it for two or three days I can get you 30s. or £2"—he afterwards said he would take ten shillings—I asked him his name and address, and said if he chose to take a small deposit on the ten shillings I would buy it, and he could call for the rest of the money to-morrow—he wrote his name and address as Cook, 14, Canterbury Road, Balls Pond, and gave it to me—he said the bicycle cost £7 four years ago, which I thought from the date of manufacture would be reasonable—I gave him five shillings deposit, and said he could have the other money next morning—it is my custom to give information before I purchase anything, and I informed the police—next evening at seven o'clock the prisoner came for the money—Constable Buckner was in my workshop at the back—I said to the prisoner, "The address you gave was wrong"—he said, "It was 41, not 14, Canterbury Road"—he maintained the name of Cook—the officer came out, and said he must go with him to the station—he said nothing,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060041"/>
<p>and did not seem to have any objection—neither I nor the officer thought the bicycle was stolen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I did not say I could get you 10s., when you asked a sovereign—you went out of the shop, and came back with another man, and I think you said to him, "This man says he will not give £1, but he will give 10s.; will you take it?"—the other man may have said he would take 10s.—I believe there was an arrangement for the other man to call for the 5s., but that was an arrangement between you, and had nothing to do with me.
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not see the other man again.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES BUCKNER</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Constable J</hi>). I received information through the last witness, and went to his address on the morning of 24th March, and again in the evening—while I was there the prisoner came in—Alum said to him, "I have been to 14, Canterbury Road, with a view to pay you the rest of the money"—the prisoner said, "41, old man "—I said to the prisoner, "Is your name Cook?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Do you live at 41, Canterbury Road?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "You partly sold the machine to Mr. Alum last night?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "I am a police-officer, and I want you to account for the possession of it"—he said, "I was selling it for a friend"—I said I had every reason to believe the machine had been stolen; and he would have to come to Dalston Lane Police-station with me and be detained while some inquiry was made—he said, "Very well," and he went with me—at the station I said, "I want your correct name, and address"—he said, "It is Joseph Coates, 66, Leman Street"—I said, "Who is this friend of yours?"—he said, "His name is Cook"—I said, "Where does he live?"—he said, "41, Canterbury Road, I believe"—I went to 41, Canterbury Road, no person named Coates or Cook was known there—the prosecutor identified the bicycle at the Police-station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-180" type="surname" value="BREAK"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-180" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BREAK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi>). On Wednesday, 25th March, I was at Dalston Lane Police-station; a bicycle was brought there which the prosecutor identified—the prisoner was brought in and charged with, stealing it—he made no reply—he gave his address, 66, Leman Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that he met a man whom he had known by tight for six months, who gave his address at Canterbury Road, and that he asked him to sell the bicycle for him.</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-353-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-353-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-353-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of receiving.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910406-353-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-353-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-353-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-353-18910406 t18910406-353-punishment-33"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-354">
<interp inst="t18910406-354" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-354" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-354-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-354-18910406 t18910406-354-offence-1 t18910406-354-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-354-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-354-18910406 t18910406-354-offence-1 t18910406-354-verdict-1"/>
<p>354.
<persName id="def1-354-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-354-18910406" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-354-18910406" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-354-18910406" type="surname" value="BUCKNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-354-18910406" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CATHERINE BUCKNER</hi> (62)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-354-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-354-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-354-18910406" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-354-18910406" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-354-18910406" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS DAY</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18910406-354-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-354-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-354-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910406-354-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-354-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-354-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to unlawfully forging certain certificates of discharge, effected before a shipping master.</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BUCKNER</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-354-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-354-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-354-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-354-18910406 t18910406-354-punishment-34"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Weeks' Imprison
<lb/>ment.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAY</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-354-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-354-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-354-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-354-18910406 t18910406-354-punishment-35"/>
<hi rend="italic">One Month's Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Friday, April</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lawrance.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910406-355">
<interp inst="t18910406-355" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910406"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-355" type="date" value="18910406"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-355-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-355-18910406 t18910406-355-offence-1 t18910406-355-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910406-355-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-355-18910406 t18910406-355-offence-1 t18910406-355-verdict-1"/>
<p>355.
<persName id="def1-355-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-355-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-355-18910406" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-355-18910406" type="surname" value="DUFFY"/>
<interp inst="def1-355-18910406" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-355-18910406" type="occupation" value="soldier"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK DUFFY</hi> (21)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-355-18910406" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-355-18910406" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-355-18910406" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-355-18910406" type="surname" value="RUSHTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-355-18910406" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-355-18910406" type="occupation" value="soldier"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS RUSHTON</hi> (21)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">soldiers</hi>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18910406-355-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-355-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-355-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18910406-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-185" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-185" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910406-355-offence-1 t18910406-name-185"/>Ernest Watts</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS</hi>. C. F.
<hi rend="smallCaps">GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Rushton.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-186" type="surname" value="BLAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-186" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND BLAKE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">T R</hi> 21). I made this plan and model (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>);</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060042"/>
<p>they are both made to scale—I examined the entrance to the door in the corner; there is no step there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There has been a step, but it is worn away by traffic; it is very slight; it does not vary half an inch.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-187" type="surname" value="NOAKES"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-187" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE NOAKES</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Miles Yard, Greycoat Place; I am a bottle-buyer—on Saturday night, 14th March, I was in the Three Elms public-house, St. Ann's Street, Westminster, about a quarter to eleven, with a friend named Clark—there were some soldiers in the bar—I saw the prisoners there—I and Clark had some dispute, and we went out to settle it—Duffy followed us out, and a Grenadier named Watts, to see Clark and I fighting; it was not a serious fight—after settling our dispute Clark and I went inside again, and Duffy and Watts came in afterwards—Duffy pushed me, I did nothing, I left shortly afterwards—I did not see the dispute between Duffy and Watts.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Duffy.</hi> I did not knock Clark down; he fell, and we both stood up—you took him in, and I came after, and I went over and spoke to him—you did not say to me, "He does not want any bother with you"—Watts got between us and told us to drop it, and we did drop it; we were quarrelling at the time—I did not go across to him with any intention of bother, but to make friends with him, and we went out together, and he went one way and I the other, and that was all I saw.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>. Clark and I had a bit of a row before we went outside—there were one or two women in the bar, and Cres
<lb/>well; he was not drunk, he was sober—Watts had had a drop—I did not see Creswell touch one of the women with his stick and make some remark.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-188" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-188" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR CLARK</persName> </hi>. I live at 15, Abingdon Street, Lambeth—I am a singer—I was at the Three Elms on the night of 14th March with Noakes; he and I had a little bit of a bother, and went outside and had a little bit of sparring; that was all; then we went inside again—I saw nothing of what happened afterwards; I left with Noakes, and went home.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-189" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-189" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WHITE</persName> </hi>. I am a sailor, and live at Peabody's Buildings, Pimlico—on the night of 14th March I was at the Three Elms; while there a dispute took place between Noakes and Clark, and they went out—I don't think Watts went out—a few minutes afterwards Clark and Noakes came in again—I saw Duffy push Noakes on to the floor—Watts asked Duffy what he pushed the man down for; they talked together, and as I turned my head I saw Watts with the door in his hand, half open, and the prisoners rushed towards the door and jumped at him, and pushed him outside, both of them together, and he fell on his head—I went out, and saw both the men kicking him as he was lying with his head out in the road and his feet on the pavement—I saw both of them kick him in the upper part of the body more than once—Creswell came to his assistance, and he got knocked down; I don't know by which of them; he got up, and Watts was trying to turn himself round on the pavement, and Rushton was kicking him on the back, at the back part of the neck, and Duffy on the front—the prisoners then walked away for about fifty yards up the street—somebody went over and said, "Come back; you have been and kicked him to death"—then they both ran away—I followed, and spoke to a constable—I did not see either of them again until Duffy was in custody in Rochester Row at the station—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060043"/>
<p>I afterwards saw Rushton at the barracks—I did not identify him a first; it was by gaslight in the middle of the night—I saw him after
<lb/>wards in Rochester Row, and identified him there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Duffy.</hi> I did not say at the Police-court I was drunk I was
<hi rend="italic">boosy</hi>—I did have my coat off when I came outside the public-house—I pulled it off when you started to run away—I was singing a song a little before this; I did not come round with my cap for money, I had a week's wages in my pocket at the time—the two civilians were quarrelling for about two minutes, then they were talking friendly together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>. I had not been in any public-house that night before I went to the Three Elms—this disturbance began close upon eleven—I did not see Creswell push a woman with a stick—the prisoners were sitting on a bench near the door; Duffy was not nearest the door—Watts was standing right abreast of the door, as if he was going out—I can't say which of the prisoners went first to push Watts out; they seemed both going together; there was no confusion in the house; quite quiet—there were no women there then as I saw; there had been—I went out before Creswell—about twenty people were outside when I went out—while I was inside I was standing with my back against the wall, facing the disturbance, but I took no part in it and said nothing—I am positive I did not take my coat off till I got outside—"Creswell must have come outside just after me—I got out after Watts had fallen—I can't say who gave the first kick—directly the kicking began the crowd gathered up to see what was going on—there was a good deal of confusion—both the prisoners gave kicks—I saw no one else kick.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-190" type="surname" value="CRESWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-190" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CRESWELL</persName> </hi>. I am a private in the Grenadier Guards, at Chelsea Barracks—Watts was in the same regiment—about eleven on the night of 14th March I was with him in the Three Elms—I saw the prisoners there and some civilians—a fight occurred between two of the civilians; after that I saw Duffy push Noakes; Watts told him he should not have done it; that he had nothing to do with him—some words took place between them; I told Watts to keep still, and not to have any bother, and he sat down—after about a quarter of an hour he got up and walked over to Duffy in a friendly way; Duffy said to him that he had been on all the night, and he had better go out and have it out—Watts said he did not want to have any bother—the two prisoners then rushed at Watts by the door, and struck at him, and shoved him, and the next thing I saw was Watts on the pavement outside—I followed them out, close after them, and while Watts was on the pavement the prisoners kicked him—I saw Duffy kick him somewhere about the neck; it was a running kick; he stepped back about a pace or two, and then rushed at him—I saw Rushton kick him, but not with such force as Duffy, and in a different part of the body—I assisted to pick Watts up, and Duffy and I fell; they ran away, down Star Street and up Peter Street—I pursued them for about two hundred yards, and then lost sight of them—I returned to the public-house; Watts was still on the ground; I spoke to him, but got no answer—I undid his tunic and sent for the police, and he was taken away on a stretcher—next day I went to Wellington Barracks, and identified Duffy, and picked him out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Duffy.</hi> Watts did not say to you, "If you have any
<lb/>thing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060044"/>
<p>to do with it come outside, and have it out with me"—I did not hit a girl in the stomach, I might have done it as she passed me—when you and Rushton got up to go out I and Watts did not go out in front of you—I did not strike Rushton in the doorway as he was coming out, and knock him down; I took no part in it all, except to pick Watts up—I did not knock off your cap with a stick and say, "I will fight the two of you"—after you had kicked the man I said so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>. I left the barracks with Watts, at two minutes past seven, and was in his company till we got to the Three Elms—we had been in two or three public-houses before we got there, and had something to drink at each—we got to the Three Elms about ten, and stayed till about eleven—we were drinking a little during that time, we were not drunk—I did touch a woman with my stick as she passed by, that did not lead to words—I saw White in the bar; he was not drunk, nor was anybody that I am aware of; White was singing—I did not see him take his hat round to get money—I did not see his coat off in the house—when Watts went over to speak to Duffy both the prisoners were sitting on a bench near the door—I don't know which was nearest the door—I could not say which gave Watts the first push—they both went out together—I should think there were about twenty people outside—directly Duffy gave the kick a crowd collected to see what was going on—I am not sure whether the kick Rushton gave took effect; I mean not to hurt him—it touched him—I did not know the prisoners before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-191" type="surname" value="ALLBOROUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-191" type="given" value="HERBERT WILLIAM"/>HERBERT WILLIAM ALLBOROUGH</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Three Elms—I was serving behind the bar on Saturday night, 14th March—I saw the prisoners there and the two Grenadiers—I did not serve any of them—I did not see the two civilians go out—I was not there in the earlier part of the evening—I saw Watts go and speak to the Scots Guardsman, Duffy—the prisoners were then sitting on a bench, and Watts was close to the door—the prisoners got up from the seat, rushed at Watts, and dragged him through the door, both of them together, and they all three went out—I came from behind the bar, and went outside through another door, and got on to the pavement—the deceased was then lying outside the end door, and I saw Duffy kick him on the right side of the face—I saw Creswell come to his assistance, and Duffy gave him a kick in the shoulder as he was stooping down looking at his comrade's face—it did not seem to have much effect upon him—Rushton also kicked Watts on the lower part of the back, on the right side—I only speak to one kick by each prisoner—Duffy's kick was a severe one—it was three or four minutes before I got out—I served one customer and then went out—I saw the prisoners walk away a few yards down the street—some man came running up and said, "The man is nearly dead; why don't you come back to him?" or something to that effect, and the prisoners scampered away—I saw White go after them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>. When the prisoners were sitting on the bench Duffy was nearest the door; Watts was standing against the door, about six inches from it—Watts said something, and Duffy rushed towards him, took him by the collar and threw him out; he dragged him on his heels—the prisoners jumped up together like; Rushton had hold of Watts' arm, and Duffy had his arm round him, the deceased was lean
<lb/>ing on his chest like, and they walked out with him—I will swear that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060045"/>
<p>Rushton had hold of him at the time Duffy threw him out—when I got out Watts was lying on the pavement, his head near the door and his
<hi rend="italic">feet</hi> slanting out towards the road—the only kick I saw Rushton make was on the lower part of the back—there were a few people round, I worked my way through them, and saw the kick—Rushton's kick was a very slight one, I should think, it did touch him—I never said that Rushton did not kick him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Watts did not say anything while on the ground; he was lying on his back, I could just see his face by looking through the legs of the people—I did not see him move—Creswell was bending over him, wiping his face with a handkerchief; that was the time they kicked him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-192" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-192" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am a coppersmith, of 41, Old Pye Street—about a quarter past eleven on the night of 14th March I was outside the Three Elms—I saw the door open and saw Duffy come out, and Rushton follow
<lb/>ing out after, Duffy was shoving the deceased out, he had hold of his collar; he fell down and when he was on the ground I saw both the prisoners kick him—I said, "Give him a chance"—they went a little way across the road down St. Ann Street—I asked Duffy to comeback, that the man was dead, but they took no notice; they ran away—Duffy ran across the road, Rushton ran on the opposite side, and as he was running he took off his belt—I lost sight of them at the end of Peter Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Duffy.</hi> You shovel the man out in front of you—I only saw you kick him once.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>. When Watts was pushed out, I only saw Duffy holding him—Watts fell—Rushton followed directly after; close behind him—a crowd got up after; I saw no disturbance—I said at the Police-court, "Rushton made a kick at him; I could not say whether it took any effect"—I told the prisoners that the man was dead, and then they ran away—I headed the pursuit; there were four or five behind me—White had his coat off when he came out; he went and put his hand on Watts' chest.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-193" type="surname" value="COOMBES"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-193" type="given" value="HAROLD"/>HAROLD COOMBES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">A</hi> 299). I went to the Three Elms and found Watts lying on the pavement flat on his back; he appeared to be dead; I had him put on a stretcher and taken away to the Westminster Hospital—I saw White; he appeared to be sober—he might have been drinking.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-194" type="surname" value="CHASE"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-194" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CHASE</persName> </hi>. I am a sergeant-major in the 1st Scots Guards—Duffy was a private in that regiment—in consequence of information from the police, at 8 a.m. on 15th I gave orders to the battalion to parade; im
<lb/>mediately afterwards Duffy expressed a desire to see me, and he was brought to me; he made a statement to me which I wrote down; about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour afterwards—he said that he was in the Three Elms public-house about 11 p.m. on the 14th, the night previous, and two men of the Grenadier Guards and one man of the Medical Staff Corps, named Rushton, and another man also; one man and Rushton had an argument; there were high words, and they went out to fight; the deceased went out to see the fight; he slipped and fell, and the two men were fighting in front of him; it appeared to be an accident—there were no other men of the Scots Guards outside when the fight took place.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189104060046"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-195" type="surname" value="WALDOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-195" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALDOCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant A</hi>). On 15th March I took Rushton into custody at the Guards' hospital in Vincent Square—I read the charge to him, and cautioned him; he said, "I had nothing to do with the fight
<lb/>ing; I admit being there; I suppose you have got Duffy, then"—he was afterwards identified by White and Allborough.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-196" type="surname" value="GREET"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-196" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GREET</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector A</hi>). This occurrence was brought to my knowledge on the night of the 14th—I inquired into it that night, and on the morning of the 15th I took steps to ascertain who the men were, and to have them identified—I communicated with the sergeant-major of the Scots Guards, and I afterwards saw Duffy identified by Creswell from among a number of soldiers—I cautioned him, and he said, "I shall reserve my defence until I appear before the Magistrate"—at that time he had already made a statement to the sergeant-major—Rushton was afterwards brought in, and they were charged jointly with murder—they made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910406-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910406-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-197" type="surname" value="CATO"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-name-197" type="given" value="ALEXANDER MACLEAN"/>ALEXANDER MACLEAN CATO</persName> </hi>. I am senior house physician at West
<lb/>minster Hospital—on 14th March, at half-past twelve, Watts was brought there; he was then dead, and had been dead over a quarter of an hour, in my opinion—I made some examination of the body then; I saw a contused bruise on the chin and lip, and a deep bruise on the right side of the neck, with abrasions of the skin over it—I made a postmortem on the 16th; the organs of the chest and abdomen were healthy, with the exception of some appearances due to decomposition; there was no disease of any kind, nothing to account for death; on opening the skull there was a small bruise at the back part of the head, on the right side underneath the scalp; I found the brain very congested, especially the anterior half; on removing the brain I found an extensive extravasation of blood over the entire surface and sides of the brain and down to the posterior part of the spinal cord; also extending into the ventricles at the side of the brain—the death was due to the extravasation of blood, predisposed by the congestion caused by the alcoholic state of the deceased, and directly caused by the violent blow on the right side of the neck—the fact of his drinking would cause the veins to be more distended—the injury to the neck was such as would be very likely caused by a kick of considerable violence—there was nothing else to account for death.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>. By his alcoholic state I mean that he had been drinking that night—there were no bruises on the body—the small injury on the chin and lip were of no consequence—I have no doubt that the cause of death was the bruise on the neck, caused by a blow or kick of very great force; very likely a kick.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Duffy, in his defence, stated that the civilians commenced the quarrel, and Creswell and the deceased interfered, and Noakes struck him; he pushed him, and the deceased asked him to come out and have it out; that he refused, and in going out the deceased slipped and fell. He denied the kicking.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Rushton received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18910406-355-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-355-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-355-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">DUFFY</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-355-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910406-355-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910406-355-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-355-18910406 t18910406-355-punishment-36"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RUSHTON</hi>
<rs id="t18910406-355-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">