<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, March 9th, 1891, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-1" type="surname" value="SAVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-1" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SAVORY</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-2" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-2" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-3" type="surname" value="LUSK"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-3" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW LUSK</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-4" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-4" type="given" value="HENRY EDMUND"/>HENRY EDMUND KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, Knt., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-5" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-5" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-6" type="surname" value="WHITEHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-6" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WHITEHEAD</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-7" type="surname" value="ISAACS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-7" type="given" value="HENRY AARON"/>HENRY AARON ISAACS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-8" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-8" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-9" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-9" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-10" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-10" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH RENALS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-11" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-11" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-12" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-12" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-13" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-13" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., D.C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-14" type="surname" value="FARMER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-14" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FARMER</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">AUGUSTUS HENRY GLOSSOP HARRIS</hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-15" type="surname" value="SHEPHEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-15" type="given" value="BEAUMONT"/>BEAUMONT SHEPHEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-16" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-16" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAVORY, MAYOR. FIFTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, March</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CARL KEILL</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-251-18910309" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def2-251-18910309" type="age" value="25"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD JAEGER</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-251-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-251-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-251-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-251-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-251-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-251-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to conspiring to defraud
<persName id="t18910309-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-19" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-251-offence-1 t18910309-name-19"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName> </rs>Jaeger
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-251-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-251-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-251-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-251-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-251-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-251-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering a receipt for £4 17s. 9d.</rs> There were other indictments against Keill for stealing various articles.—
<hi rend="largeCaps">KEILL</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-251-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-251-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-251-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
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<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour</hi>,</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAEGER</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-251-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-251-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-251-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-251-18910309 t18910309-251-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK HENDRY</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-252-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-252-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-252-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, To stealing a post letter and seven postal orders, the property of the
<persName id="t18910309-name-21" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-21" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-252-offence-1 t18910309-name-21"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed in the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-252-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-252-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
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<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognisances</hi>,</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-252-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-252-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-252-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST EDWARD BEESON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-253-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-253-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-253-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, To stealing a post packet, the goods of the
<persName id="t18910309-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-23" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-253-offence-1 t18910309-name-23"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed in the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-253-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-253-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-253-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-253-18910309 t18910309-253-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognisances.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-253-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-253-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-253-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-254-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-254-18910309" type="age" value="19"/>
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<interp inst="def1-254-18910309" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HENRY FRANK</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-254-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-254-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-254-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, To stealing a post packet and other articles, the goods of the
<persName id="t18910309-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-25" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-254-offence-1 t18910309-name-25"/>Post
<lb/>master-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-254-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-254-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-254-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-254-18910309 t18910309-254-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-254-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-254-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-254-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-255-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-255-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18910309" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18910309" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18910309" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT BROWN</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-255-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-255-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-255-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, To feloniously marry
<persName id="t18910309-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-27" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-27" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-27" type="given" value="LUCY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-255-offence-1 t18910309-name-27"/>Lucy Wilson</persName>, during the lifetime of his wife.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-255-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-255-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-255-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-255-18910309 t18910309-255-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-255-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-255-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-255-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-256-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18910309" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18910309" type="surname" value="BEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18910309" type="given" value="ALFRED JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED JOHN BEST</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-256-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-256-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-256-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, To forging and uttering an order for the delivery of twenty yards of satin.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-256-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-256-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-256-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-256-18910309 t18910309-256-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Months' Hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-256-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-256-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-256-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-257-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-257-18910309 t18910309-257-offence-2 t18910309-257-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-257-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-257-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-257-18910309" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-257-18910309" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-257-18910309" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SMITH</hi> (22)</persName> (indicted with
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-30">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-30" type="surname" value="DIAS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-30" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DIAS</persName> </hi>),
<rs id="t18910309-257-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-257-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-257-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>To stealing a watch from the person of
<persName id="t18910309-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-31" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-31" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-257-offence-1 t18910309-name-31"/>Thomas Hill</persName>; and </rs>
<persName id="def2-257-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-257-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-257-18910309" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-257-18910309" type="surname" value="DIAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-257-18910309" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE DIAS</hi> (20)</persName>,
<rs id="t18910309-257-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-257-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-257-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>to assulting
<persName id="t18910309-name-33" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-33" type="surname" value="MOULTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-33" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-33" type="occupation" value="police constable"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-257-offence-2 t18910309-name-33"/>James Moulton</persName>, a police constable, in the execution of his duty.</rs> Smith
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to a conviction of felony in. December, 1882.—
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-257-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-257-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-257-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-257-18910309 t18910309-257-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DIAS</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-257-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-257-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-257-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-257-18910309 t18910309-257-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-257-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-257-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-257-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-258">
<interp inst="t18910309-258" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-258" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-258-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-258-18910309 t18910309-258-offence-1 t18910309-258-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-258-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-258-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18910309" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18910309" type="surname" value="GAME"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18910309" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GAME</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-258-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-258-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-258-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, To obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18910309-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-35" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-35" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-258-offence-1 t18910309-name-35"/>Charles John Johnson</persName>, two watches and a chain, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-258-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-258-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-258-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-258-18910309 t18910309-258-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-258-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-258-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-258-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-259">
<interp inst="t18910309-259" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-259" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-259-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-259-18910309 t18910309-259-offence-1 t18910309-259-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-259-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-259-18910309 t18910309-259-offence-2 t18910309-259-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-259-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-259-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-259-18910309" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-259-18910309" type="surname" value="URQUHART"/>
<interp inst="def1-259-18910309" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HENRY URQUHART</hi> (56)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-259-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-259-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-259-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, To stealing a basket and other articles, the goods of
<persName id="t18910309-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-37" type="surname" value="BREAM"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-37" type="given" value="MARTIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-259-offence-1 t18910309-name-37"/>Martin Bream</persName>;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-259-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-259-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-259-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a bag, the goods of
<persName id="t18910309-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-38" type="surname" value="GOSLING"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-38" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-259-offence-2 t18910309-name-38"/>Francis Gosling</persName> and others.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-259-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-259-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-259-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-259-18910309 t18910309-259-punishment-11"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on his own recognisances.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-259-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-259-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-259-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-260">
<interp inst="t18910309-260" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-260" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-260-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-260-18910309 t18910309-260-offence-1 t18910309-260-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-260-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-260-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18910309" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18910309" type="surname" value="PRESTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18910309" type="given" value="JAMES THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES THOMAS PRESTON</hi> (53)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-260-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-260-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-260-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, To marrying
<persName id="t18910309-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-40" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-40" type="surname" value="LAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-40" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-260-offence-1 t18910309-name-40"/>Mary Lawford</persName>, his wife being alive.</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-260-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-260-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-260-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-260-18910309 t18910309-260-punishment-12"/>Two
<hi rend="italic">Days</hi>.'</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-260-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-260-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-260-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-261">
<interp inst="t18910309-261" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-261" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-261-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-261-18910309 t18910309-261-offence-1 t18910309-261-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-261-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-261-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18910309" type="age" value="64"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18910309" type="surname" value="DUPREE"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18910309" type="given" value="AMBROSE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AMBROSE DUPREE</hi> (64)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-261-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-261-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-261-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, To stealing two pipes, the goods of
<persName id="t18910309-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-42" type="surname" value="WEINGOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-42" type="given" value="JOHN SOLOMON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-261-offence-1 t18910309-name-42"/>John Solomon Weingott</persName>; </rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a conviction of felony in May, 1886.—
<rs id="t18910309-261-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-261-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-261-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-261-18910309 t18910309-261-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-261-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-261-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-261-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090004"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, March</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-262">
<interp inst="t18910309-262" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-262" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-262-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-262-18910309 t18910309-262-offence-1 t18910309-262-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-262-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-262-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18910309" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18910309" type="surname" value="ANCOURT"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18910309" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES ANCOURT</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-262-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-262-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-262-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin three times on the same day.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-44" type="surname" value="MARCOURT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-44" type="given" value="ANTOINE"/>ANTOINE MARCOURT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I am a provision merchant, of 34, little Newport Street—on February 10th, about ten a.m., the prisoner came in and asked for three halfpennyworth of cheese, and gave me a shilling—I gave him 10 1/2 d. change, and put the shilling in the till, where there was no other money, and then took it out and put it in my inside coat pocket, where there was no other money—the prisoner left, and returned in a quarter of an hour, and asked for an egg, which came to three halfpence; he gave me a shilling, I gave him 10 1/2 d. change, and put the shilling into the same pocket with the other—I recognised that it was bad, but he had gone then—I knew him before—he came again about seven p.m. for two pennyworth of sausage, and offered a florin; I saw that it was bad, and asked an Italian, who came in, to shut the door, and fetch a policeman—the prisoner could hear that—he said, "Why do you send for the police?"—I said, "It is for you, because you have passed to me several bad coins"—he said, "It is true, I have given you this piece, but I have paid no other "—I said, "You recollect very well you came to my place "—he said, "It was not me "—I am certain he is the man—I handed these shillings and the florin to the police—I saw the prisoner in my shop nine or ten days before; he then bought an egg and paid with a bad half-crown, for which I gave him 2s. 4 1/2 d. change when I found it was bad I broke it with my fingers and threw it away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-45" type="surname" value="LOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-45" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LOCK</persName> </hi> (C 205). On February 11th I was called to Mr. Marcourt's I shop, who said, "I wish to give this man in custody for passing had money," showing me three coins—the prisoner said, "I own to passing the two-shilling piece, but you have made a mistake about the two shillings "—I found a good florin and two good shillings on him; I took him to the station—he was charged, and said, "I got the money from a I gentleman friend in Piccadilly"—he gave his address, "25, Charing I Cross Road "; that is a common lodging-house—I made inquiry there, and found it correct—the coins were marked in the shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-46" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-46" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's I Mint—these two shillings and this florin are counterfeit—if a coin is I broken by the fingers it is undoubtedly bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I had 8s. given me on Monday night, at 6.30, at Piccadilly Circus, by a friend of Mr. Frederick Mayer.</p>
<rs id="t18910309-262-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-262-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-262-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the third uttering</hi> </rs>.
<rs id="t18910309-262-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-262-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-262-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-262-18910309 t18910309-262-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">account of his youth.—Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-263">
<interp inst="t18910309-263" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-263" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-263-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-263-18910309 t18910309-263-offence-1 t18910309-263-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-263-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-263-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18910309" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18910309" type="surname" value="MARNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18910309" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MARNEY</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-263-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-263-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-263-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-48" type="surname" value="MANNING"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-48" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MANNING</persName> </hi>. I keep a coffee-stall on Ludgate Hill—on 3rd</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090005"/>
<p>February, about 1.30 a.m., the prisoner came to my stall with another man and asked for half an ounce of tobacco and two cups of coffee, and tendered this florin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I tried it with my teeth, bent it, and said, "Have you any more of these about you?"—he said, "No, what is the matter?"—I said, "You know what is the matter"—he said, "Is it a wrong one? Perhaps you put it into your pocket and took out another"—I had not put my hand into my pocket—I got a little irritated and said, "Where do you live?"—he said, "I believe it is 131, Commercial Road, East. I am a respectable man; have mercy upon my wife and children"—I said, "Why did not you have mercy on them before you tendered this piece to me?"—he moved off, but I said, "Don't move, I will have you wherever you go"—I sent my boy for a constable, and I gave him in charge—he said, "I am quite innocent."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-49" type="surname" value="SHARP"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-49" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT SHARP</persName> </hi> (428
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). I was called to Manning's stall at 1.30 a.m.; the prisoner was there—Manning said, "I wish to give this man in charge for uttering this counterfeit florin" which he gave to me—the prisoner said, "Forgive me this time, governor; have mercy on my wife and children "—I said, "How did you become possessed of it?"—he said, "I don't know "—I said, a Have you any more?"—he said, "No "—I took him to the station, and he was charged; he again begged for mercy, and said he had borrowed 10s. in the morning from a friend, and had been drinking all day, and this was the only coin he had left he was perfectly sober then—I found no other coins on him—he gave his address 50, Gray Street, Waterloo Road, and I found he lived mere with his sister.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-50" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-50" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN. WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to the Mint—this coin is counterfeit.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I met some friends whom I had not seen for years, and was very much the worse for liquor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-263-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-263-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-263-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-264">
<interp inst="t18910309-264" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-264" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-264-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-264-18910309 t18910309-264-offence-1 t18910309-264-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-264-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-264-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-264-18910309" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-264-18910309" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHEN WRIGHT</hi>, Unlawfully</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-264-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-264-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-264-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> uttering counterfeit coin twice within ten days.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-52" type="surname" value="SIMMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-52" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY SIMMONDS</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the London Bridge Tavern—on 29th January, between 5.30 and 6 a.m., the prisoner came in and asked for three halfpennyworth of gin—(I had seen him there previously that morning, but did not serve him)—he gave me a shilling; I gave him the change, and put the coin in the till—the manager came down, went to the till, and showed me a' bad shilling—on 6th February, about 6.30 a.m., I served the prisoner with three halfpennyworth of rum—he threw down this shilling—a constable came in, and I said, "This man has given me a bad coin"—the prisoner then produced a half-crown from the same pocket—I gave him in charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-53" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-53" type="given" value="JOHN ALBERT"/>JOHN ALBERT FREEMAN</persName> </hi>, I am manager at the London Bridge Tavern—on 29th January, about 7.30 a.m., I examined the till, and found two had shillings—I showed them to Simmonds, who had been serving, and tried them in the tester, and they broke—the pieces laid at the back of the till and got lost—I have no doubt they were bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-54" type="surname" value="GIBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-54" type="given" value="STEWART"/>STEWART GIBSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant J</hi> 1) I was called to the London Bridge Tavern, and found the prisoner detained there—Mr. Simmonds said,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090006"/>
<p>"This man has given me a bad shilling," pointing to a coin on the counter—I examined it, and found it was base—I marked it at the station—the prisoner said, "I don't know where I got it from; I will pay out of this," putting a good florin on the counter—he was given in custody—I found a half-crown in his hand—I searched him at the station, and found a good half-crown and twopence; he gave his address 199, Weston Street, Bermondsey; I went there, and found it correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-55" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-55" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This coin is counterfeit—a good coin can be broken in a tester, but it depends upon the force used, and you can bend it back into shape, but you cannot a base coin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defence, stated that he paid with copper on both occasions, and had no silver in his possession. He received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-264-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-264-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-264-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, March</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-265">
<interp inst="t18910309-265" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-265" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-265-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-265-18910309 t18910309-265-offence-1 t18910309-265-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-265-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-265-18910309" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18910309" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18910309" type="surname" value="DUDMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18910309" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUISA DUDMAN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-265-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-265-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-265-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-265-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-265-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-265-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-265-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-265-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-265-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-265-18910309 t18910309-265-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-266">
<interp inst="t18910309-266" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-266" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-266-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-266-18910309 t18910309-266-offence-1 t18910309-266-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-266-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-266-18910309 t18910309-266-offence-1 t18910309-266-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-266-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-266-18910309 t18910309-266-offence-2 t18910309-266-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-266-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-266-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18910309" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18910309" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18910309" type="given" value="HARRY GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY GEORGE SAUNDERS</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-266-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-266-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-266-18910309" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def2-266-18910309" type="surname" value="NORTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-266-18910309" type="given" value="ALFRED WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED WILLIAM NORTON</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-266-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-266-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-266-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully conspiring to obtain money by false pretences from
<persName id="t18910309-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-59" type="surname" value="MADGE"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-59" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-266-offence-1 t18910309-name-59"/>William Thomas Madge</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GERMAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Norton</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LOWE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Saunders.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-60" type="surname" value="HAWKESLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-60" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HAWKESLEY</persName> </hi>, I am chief sub-editor of the
<hi rend="italic">People</hi> newspaper—on 1st November, 1890, I received this letter, signed "Francis Drew"—on receiving such a letter we almost invariably make inquiries, but this letter came at 10 at night and we had no time; we go to press about 12.30 on Saturday night—I requested one of my colleagues to write a paragraph from the letter, and it was inserted. (
<hi rend="italic">Letter read:</hi> "215, Great College Street, Camden Town, November 1, 1890—Dear Sir,—Kindly insert the following in your issue to-morrow. A young man, age 22, named Harry Saunders, residing at 68, Crowndale Road, Camden Town, shot himself to-day with a revolver. He was a great friend of mine, generally of a cheerful disposition, but in an interview I had with him on Thursday he told me he had recently lost what was to him a large sum of money; he was unmarried. Kindly alter the above to suit paper, and oblige yours, etc.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS DREW</hi>")—this is the paragraph that was inserted: "Harry Saunders shot himself yesterday with a revolver; he said he had recently lost what was to him a large sum of money."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I have never seen Norton or had any communication with him—I did not employ anyone to interview him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-61" type="surname" value="MADGE"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-61" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS MADGE</persName> </hi>. I live at Earl's Court, South Kensington—I am the managing proprietor of the
<hi rend="italic">People</hi> newspaper, in conjunction with Captain Armstrong—on 13th December, 1890, I received this letter six weeks after the insertion of this paragraph. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "72, Wrotham Road, Camden Town—13th December, 1890.—Gentlemen,—I have been consulted by Mr. H. Saunders with reference to the libellous statements contained at the bottom of the third column on page 9 of your issue the 2nd ult.; he has requested me to say that they are quite unfounded,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090007"/>
<p>and asks me to request you to make a public apology in your next issue, and for payment of reasonable damages by Wednesday morning next, and unless this is done, he will have no alternative but to take suck steps as he may be advised. I shall be glad to hear from you on the subject—Yours obediently, A. W.
<hi rend="smallCaps">NORTON</hi>")—on receiving that letter I made inquiries in the office—I was then shown the letter signed "Francis Drew," announcing the death of Saunders, and also the paragraph alluded to—upon that, I sent one of my clerks to 215, Great College Street, where Drew purported to live—in consequence of what he told me I communicated with Inspector Scandreth—subsequently I received this letter from Norton. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "72, Wrotham Road, January 5th, 1891.—Gentlemen,—I understand that your representative has called to see Mr. Saunders since he had an interview with me last Wednesday. I distinctly told him not to call at Crowndale Road. Saunders has left the matter in our hands. Unless I hear satisfactorily from you by Wednesday morning next, it will be left in the hands of Mr. H. Montague, a solicitor, of 5 and 6, Bucklers
<lb/>bury, E.C., to take proceedings.—Yours obediently,
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. W. NORTON</hi>.")—on receiving that letter I communicated with my solicitors, after that I wrote to Norton, and received this reply. (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated January</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891,
<hi rend="italic">and stated that if ten guineas was paid and an apology inserted Saunders would be satisfied</hi>)—I then received this letter of 26th January, from Norton. (
<hi rend="italic">This again stated that if ten guineas was sent it would be settled</hi>)—after that I knew nothing further until I was called upon to give evidence at the Police-court—I never saw either of the prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I did not instruct anyone to interview Norton; I consulted the police and left the matter to his discretion, to take Such steps as he thought fit.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-62" type="surname" value="SCANDRETH"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-62" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SCANDRETH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Sergeant E</hi>). Mr. Madge spoke to me about this matter, in consequence of which I made certain inquiries—I called on Saunders several times—this letter (
<hi rend="italic">marked F</hi>) was handed to me by a young lady at 68, Crowndale Road one evening when I called—I gave the name of Edwards—on the 27th I called again and saw Saunders—I showed him the letter I had received from the young lady—I said, "Mr. Saunders?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "I am a police officer from Bow Street. You have had a gentleman from the newspaper office to call upon you several times, and he has not been able to see you"—he said, "I stayed in one night to see him, but he did not come"—I said, "You left a note for him"—he said, "Yes"—I showed him this letter (
<hi rend="italic">marked F</hi>), and said, "Did you write this?"—he said, "Yes, I wrote that, because I did not know who he was or what he wanted"—I said, "I think Mr. Norton has written to Mr. Madge, the editor, about an insertion in the newspaper respecting your death "—he said, "Yes, I have seen it in one or two"—I said, "Mr. Madge did not know there was a Mr. Saunders; I suppose you are Saunders"—he then produced an envelope on which was written, "Saunders, 68, Crowndale Road," and said, "There is no mistake about my being Saunders. I told Norton not to have anything to do in the matter, it did not hurt me"—I said, "Do you know Mr. Drew?"—he said, "No, I don't know a Mr. Drew"—I then left him—I did not at that time say that I was a Mr. Edwards connected with the paper, he understood so—at five the same day I took him into custody on a warrant for attempting to obtain money from parties with intent to defraud—I told him I had a warrant—he said,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090008"/>
<p>"What for?"—I said, "For attempting to obtain money from the
<hi rend="italic">People</hi> newspaper "—he said, "I have not attempted to obtain money; I do not intend to incriminate anyone; I did not want Norton to obtain any money"—I said, "The letter of Drew is very similar to the letter you left for Mr. Edwards"—he made no reply—he was taken to Bow Street station and formally charged—I searched him, and upon him I found this letter marked H (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "Dear Saunders, I hear that the
<hi rend="italic">People</hi> representatives have called again to see you; they are no doubt very uneasy, but you need not worry yourself, as I am aware you are busy preparing for the event. I will call on them for the 10 guineas. They ought to think themselves fortunate to get off so lightly; their object, no doubt, is to get you to take less.—Yours,
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. W. NORTON</hi>. P. S.—Do not work too hard; have plenty of stout and oysters")—I went to Saunders' lodging, and there found these letters marked "I" and "J." (
<hi rend="italic">Both these were from Norton to Saunders; the last letter stated:</hi> "There is a good chance of making a few pounds")—Saunders was brought before Mr. Vaughan, and Norton was subpoenaed to give evidence against him—I saw Norton on 31st December at his house in Wrotham Road, and had a conversation with him, which I made this note of at the time. (
<hi rend="italic">Reading it:</hi> "I said, 'I have this from the
<hi rend="italic">Globe</hi> newspaper office; I want to see you respecting a letter you sent to the editor of the
<hi rend="italic">People</hi> about a man named Saunders.' He said, 'What has the
<hi rend="italic">Globe</hi> to do with it?' I said, It is the same people; the report about Saunders is false. Do you know him? are you a solicitor?' He said, 'No; I am Mr. Montague's clerk; I have been with him over twenty years; Saunders had asked me to take the matter up for him; it also appeared in a special edition of the
<hi rend="italic">Star</hi>.' I said, 'I will tell Mr. Madge what you say; I should like to see Saunders.' He said, 'Don't see him; he has placed the matter in my hands; if the
<hi rend="italic">People</hi> don't recompense him for the injury they have done him we shall take proceedings")—at that time I had no idea of arresting Norton—after Saunders had been arrested I took Norton—I read the warrant to him—he said, "I can't understand this."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I believe it is true that Norton has been twenty years with Mr. Montague; he was invalided and in a hospital, and Mr. Montague allowed him a sort of pension—Norton was first summoned as a witness, and then was given in custody—all these letters were written from his correct address, where he lives with his wife and children—at the time of his arrest he was engaged with Mr. Tickell, a solicitor, at 63, Strand—he has been out on bail.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LOWE</hi>. I called several times at Crowndale Road before I saw Saunders; I saw Miss Thompson, the lady who handed me the letter, twice; that is not the lady he is engaged to—I mentioned that I had called from the
<hi rend="italic">People</hi>—the letter was addressed to me as Mr. Edwards—I have made inquiries about his character, and found it very satisfactory; he is in the employ of Vincent Brooks, Day, and Company, of Gate Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields—they still have the utmost confidence in him—I found on him a bank-book, showing that he had a balance of about £20.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mr. Madge left the matter entirely in my hands; he was not aware that I had been to Norton.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-63" type="surname" value="BIRCH"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-63" type="given" value="WALTER DE GREY"/>WALTER DE GREY BIRCH</persName> </hi>. I am assistant in the Manuscript Depart
<lb/>ment of the British Museum—I have had twenty-six years' experience</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090009"/>
<p>there—I have many times been called upon to give evidence as to hand
<lb/>writing—I have examined the letters A and F, signed "Francis Drew "—in my opinion they are written by the same person.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LOWE</hi>. I have examined them with some care, and looking at the formation of the various letters, I say they are written by the same person—I was one of the experts consulted by the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi> on the Parnell Commission—if I had been called it would have been by the
<hi rend="italic">Times.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-64" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-64" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BELL</persName> </hi>. I know Norton very well, and his handwriting—to the best of my belief all these letters signed Norton, addressed to the
<hi rend="italic">People</hi> and signed Saunders, are in Norton's handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LOWE</hi>. I was not called at the Police-court—I do not see any similarity between Norton's-handwriting and the writing of the letter F.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. I have been twenty-two years with Mr. Montague in a confidential position; Norton was with him twenty years in a confidential position—in 1889 he had a serious illness, and was in a hospital eighteen months—during that time Mr. Montague continued his salary and paid his expenses—it is only in consequence of his weak state that he has not come back to business—his conduct has been simply irreproachable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-65" type="surname" value="NETHEROLTFT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-65" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>FREDERICK GEORGE NETHEROLTFT</persName> </hi>. My offices are at 10, Bedford Row—I have had nearly forty-seven years' experience in handwriting—the letters A and F are decidedly written by the same person, it hardly needs an expert to point it out—the similarities are all through; I have not the slightest doubt about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LOWE</hi>. I always conscientiously believe that I am right—in a celebrated case the Jury did not agree with me; that was twenty-five years ago.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was on the right side in the Parnell case; the moment I saw the letters I said they were forgeries.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-266-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-266-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-266-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t18910309-266-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-266-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-266-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against Saunders, upon which no evidence was offered.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-266-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-266-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-266-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-267">
<interp inst="t18910309-267" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-267" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-267-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-267-18910309 t18910309-267-offence-1 t18910309-267-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-267-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-267-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18910309" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18910309" type="surname" value="NEWBERRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18910309" type="given" value="GEORGE WEBSTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WEBSTER NEWBERRY</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-267-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-267-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-267-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Indecently assault
<persName id="t18910309-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-67" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-67" type="surname" value="FRAMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-67" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-267-offence-1 t18910309-name-67"/>Emily Frampton</persName> and
<persName id="t18910309-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-68" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-68" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-68" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-267-offence-1 t18910309-name-68"/>Martha Andrews</persName>. (
<hi rend="italic">Seepage</hi> 449).</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RAVEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-267-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-267-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-267-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, March</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-268">
<interp inst="t18910309-268" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-268" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-268-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-268-18910309 t18910309-268-offence-1 t18910309-268-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-268-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-268-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18910309" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18910309" type="surname" value="HALLAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18910309" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HALLAM</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-268-18910309 t18910309-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ABRAHAM KAUFFMAN</hi> </rs> (20)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-268-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-268-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-268-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18910309-268-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-268-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-268-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="conspiracy"/>to unlawfully conspiring with
<persName id="t18910309-name-70">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-70" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-70" type="given" value="JAMES"/>James O'Brien</persName> to obtain 264 books from
<persName id="t18910309-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-71" type="surname" value="RAWBORN"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-71" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-268-offence-1 t18910309-name-71"/>Thomas Rawborn</persName>, and 34 books from
<persName id="t18910309-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-72" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-268-offence-1 t18910309-name-72"/>Sampson Low and Company, Limited</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the prosecutors, believing him to be the dupe of O'Brien, who has absconded.</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-268-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-268-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-268-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-268-18910309 t18910309-268-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">To enter into his own recog
<lb/>nisances in</hi> £30
<hi rend="italic">to appear for judgment when called upon.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-269">
<interp inst="t18910309-269" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-269" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-269-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-269-18910309 t18910309-269-offence-1 t18910309-269-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-269-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-269-18910309 t18910309-269-offence-2 t18910309-269-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-269-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-269-18910309 t18910309-269-offence-3 t18910309-269-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-269-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-269-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18910309" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18910309" type="surname" value="PYWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18910309" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES PYWELL</hi>** (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-269-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-269-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-269-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, To stealing a shirt and a pair of drawers, the
<hi rend="italic">goods</hi> of
<persName id="t18910309-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-74" type="surname" value="MUMFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-74" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-269-offence-1 t18910309-name-74"/>John Mumford</persName>;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-269-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-269-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-269-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910309-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-75" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-75" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-75" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-269-offence-2 t18910309-name-75"/>Martha Green</persName>, and stealing a shirt and other articles;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-269-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-269-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-269-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910309-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-76" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-76" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-269-offence-3 t18910309-name-76"/>Emily Reed</persName>, and stealing a clock and other articles,</rs> after a conviction at Maidstone on April 10, 1889.—
<rs id="t18910309-269-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-269-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-269-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-269-18910309 t18910309-269-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twenty Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-269-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-269-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-269-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-270">
<interp inst="t18910309-270" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-270" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-270-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-270-18910309 t18910309-270-offence-1 t18910309-270-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090010"/>
<persName id="def1-270-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-270-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-270-18910309" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-270-18910309" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-270-18910309" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JOHNSON</hi>** (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-270-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-270-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-270-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, To breaking and entering the
<placeName id="t18910309-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-270-offence-1 t18910309-geo-1"/>church of All Saints', Finchley Road</placeName>, and stealing a paten, a cope, and other articles, and 1s. 8d. in money, of
<persName id="t18910309-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-78" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-78" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-270-offence-1 t18910309-name-78"/>John. Richardson</persName> and others, after a conviction of burglary at Maidstone in September, 1888.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-270-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-270-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-270-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-270-18910309 t18910309-270-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twenty Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-270-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-270-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-270-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-271">
<interp inst="t18910309-271" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-271" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-271-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-271-18910309 t18910309-271-offence-1 t18910309-271-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-271-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-271-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18910309" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18910309" type="surname" value="MARCHANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18910309" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MARCHANT</hi>** (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-271-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-271-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-271-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, To burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910309-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-80" type="surname" value="HOLT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-80" type="given" value="GEORGE FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-271-offence-1 t18910309-name-80"/>George Frederick Holt</persName>, and stealing fifteen coats and a cloak, his property, after a conviction at this Court on 15th September, 1879.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-271-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-271-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-271-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-271-18910309 t18910309-271-punishment-19"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-271-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-271-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-271-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-272">
<interp inst="t18910309-272" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-272" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-272-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-272-18910309 t18910309-272-offence-1 t18910309-272-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-272-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-272-18910309 t18910309-272-offence-1 t18910309-272-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-272-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-272-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-272-18910309" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-272-18910309" type="surname" value="SAPSED"/>
<interp inst="def1-272-18910309" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK SAPSED</hi> (17)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-272-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-272-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-272-18910309" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def2-272-18910309" type="surname" value="FITZSIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="def2-272-18910309" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH FITZSIMMONS</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-272-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-272-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-272-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, To burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910309-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-83" type="surname" value="WELD"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-83" type="given" value="STARKIN GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-272-offence-1 t18910309-name-83"/>Starkin George Weld</persName>, and stealing 28s., two pairs of spectacles, and a key, his property, Sapsed having been convicted at Highgate on April 28, 1890. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAPSED</hi>**—
<rs id="t18910309-272-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-272-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-272-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-272-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-272-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-272-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-272-18910309 t18910309-272-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">FITZSIMMONS</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-272-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-272-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-272-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-272-18910309 t18910309-272-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-273">
<interp inst="t18910309-273" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-273" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-273-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-273-18910309 t18910309-273-offence-1 t18910309-273-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-273-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-273-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18910309" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18910309" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18910309" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ROGERS</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-273-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-273-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-273-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, To feloniously having counterfeit coin in his possession with intent to utter it, after a previous conviction of a like offence.</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-273-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-273-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-273-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-274">
<interp inst="t18910309-274" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-274" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-274-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-274-18910309 t18910309-274-offence-1 t18910309-274-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-274-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-274-18910309 t18910309-274-offence-1 t18910309-274-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-274-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-274-18910309 t18910309-274-offence-1 t18910309-274-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-274-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-274-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-274-18910309" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-274-18910309" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-274-18910309" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ROGERS</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted, with
<persName id="def2-274-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-274-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-274-18910309" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def2-274-18910309" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-274-18910309" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE JOHNSON</hi> (38)</persName> and
<persName id="def3-274-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-274-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-274-18910309" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def3-274-18910309" type="surname" value="LARKIN"/>
<interp inst="def3-274-18910309" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS LARKIN</hi> (23)</persName>,
<rs id="t18910309-274-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-274-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-274-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to unlawfully having nineteen counterfeit coins in their possession, with intent to utter them,</rs> to which Rogers
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-274-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-274-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-274-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILMOT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-88" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-88" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR CROSS</persName> </hi>. I keep the Boot public-house, Edgware—on 13th February, about eight o'clock, Rogers came in for half a pint of ale, and paid with a penny—in about five minutes Johnson came in for a glass of mild beer, and paid with a penny while Rogers was there—in a few minutes Larkin came in for a pennyworth of pickles and two pennyworth of cheese, and paid with a bad florin—I said, "This is a bad one; this won't do," and gave it back to him—he went into the taproom, where Rogers and Johnson were, and went up to Johnson—I could not hear what he said to him, but he came back and gave me a good half-crown—I gave him 2s. 3d. change—I saw a purse in his hand—he came back with a good florin, and said, "You don't call this bad?"—I said, "No, it is a good one"—it was not the one he tendered first—I went out for the police, and saw Rogers walking to and fro outside the door—the other two were in the taproom, and when the police came I said, "These men have been trying to utter a bad two shilling-piece to me, and I suspect they have some more about them"—Larkin said he was willing to be searched—Inspector Harris searched them, and took them in custody—I saw Rogers taken by a constable outside.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Johnson.</hi> You were there seven or eight minutes before Larkin entered.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Larkin.</hi> When you gave me the florin I rubbed it and touched it with my teeth—you took it back when you gave me the good half-crown—it was very gritty, but I did not bite it hard—there were a dozen persons in the taproom; I did not see you give any of them the coin to examine—you did not bring the same coin back, you put it in a purse; not a tobacco pouch, it had two little knobs at the top—you showed the policeman your money—at the last examination at Edgware a fresh witness, Mr. Sale, was brought up—I heard his evidence, but I did not alter my evidence to correspond with his when my deposition</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090011"/>
<p>was read over. (
<hi rend="italic">The words</hi> "
<hi rend="italic">Rogers had left them</hi>"
<hi rend="italic">had been altered to</hi> "
<hi rend="italic">left the bar</hi>.")</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I did not see either of the prisoners speak to Rogers, but they were in the taproom at the same time—Larkin and Johnson were together, and Rogers was by himself—I could see into the taproom from where I was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-89" type="surname" value="PECK"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-89" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PECK</persName> </hi>. On 13th February, about eight p.m., I was just outside the Boot at Edgware, and saw Rogers come from the direction of the Boot—a constable went towards him and took him in custody, and I picked up this purse on the spot where he stood—I took it to the station and gave it to the police, and they opened it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-90" type="surname" value="LAPWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-90" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAPWORTH</persName> </hi> (268). On 13th February, about 7.15 p.m., I saw the three prisoners conversing together in High Street, Edgware—Johnson walked towards the Boot and left Rogers and Larkin talking for about five minutes—I entered a shop close by where they stood, which was about fifteen yards from the Boot.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Johnson.</hi> I was in plain clothes—it was not particu
<lb/>larly dark—you were under the light of a linen-draper's shop—I was not a yard from you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Larkin.</hi> I did not see you go into the Boot.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-91" type="surname" value="SALE"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-91" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN SALE</persName> </hi>. I live at Edgware—I was in the Boot public-house at a little before eight o'clock in the passage leading from the taproom to the bar, and saw Larkin put a florin on the counter; Cross took it up, looked at it, and said it was bad—Larkin said, "You don't know good money from bad," and went into the taproom and spoke to Rogers and Johnson, but I could not hear what he said—I did not see Larkin give them the money, but he came back to the landlord with a half-crown—I saw Rogers sitting in a corner with a purse in his hand just before Larkin came back from the bar with the florin—the purse had two knobs on it, similar to this—I saw Rogers outside walking about.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Johnson.</hi> You were all there when I went in; I first saw you sitting in the taproom in a corner—I did not see you in the bar—Larkin was not sitting; he was passing backwards and forwards to the bar—I was in the passage, and looked through the corner of the door—I spoke to one policeman about it that night, and the inspector came to fetch me next day—I did not give evidence till the second remand at the Police-court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-92" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-92" type="given" value="AUGUSTINE"/>AUGUSTINE HARRIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector S</hi>). I was called to the Boot public-house about eight o'clock, and saw Larkin and Johnson detained in the passage—Mr. Cross said that Larkin had tendered a counterfeit florin—I searched him, and found a florin, two single shillings, and one penny; and on Johnson a good half-crown, but no base money on either.—Rogers was brought in by a constable shortly afterwards, and in a minute or so Peck came in and handed me this purse; I saw that it con
<lb/>tained money, and put it in my pocket—it contains nineteen bad florins, all loose—I searched Rogers in the station, and in his right-hand coat pocket I found a purse containing five single shillings, and in his right trousers pocket ten single shillings, all good, and in his right pocket 10s. 8 1/4 d. in pence, halfpence, and farthings—I told them they would be charged with uttering counterfeit coin; none of them made any reply—next morning, after we went before the Justice, I received information</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090012"/>
<p>and went to Mrs. Johnson's shop in High Street, and received this florin, (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Larkin.</hi> I did not find a tobacco-pouch on you, but I handed a small pouch to you—it had Do knobs on it—it had nothing to do with the charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-93" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-93" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>SUSAN JOHNSON</persName> </hi>. I keep a general shop at Edgware—on 13th February, between seven and eight p.m., Johnson came in—he is no relation of mine he asked for 1/4 lb. of cheese, and gave me a florin; I gave him 1s. 10d. change, and put the florin in the till—there was another florin there and a few shillings—my husband took the money out of the till in the evening, and put it in a cupboard in a jug, where it remained till next morning—Inspector Harris came and made inquiries, and there were still two florins in the jar; one was good and the other bad—I swear that the bad one is the one Johnson gave me, because I had doubts about it at the time, and tried to bend it—it felt soft—I did not bite it or notice the weight—I picked Johnson out at the station next morning from about a dozen men, and am sure he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Johnson</hi>, I did not see you taken down by the police
<lb/>man, because my shop is lower down—I said at first at the station that I did not see anyone, because I felt confused, but afterwards I said it was you—I said, "I think" at first, but afterwards I said I was positive—my husband did not look at the coin, and I did not tell him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-94" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-94" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these nineteen florins are all counterfeit, and from three or four different moulds—the coin Johnson is said to have tendered to Mrs. Johnson is bad, and from the same mould as two of the nineteen—a coin being gritty between the teeth is one sign of it being bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Larkin.</hi> One of these coins has tooth-marks on it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Johnson's Defence.</hi> I went into this public-house entirely by myself and had been there ten minutes when Larkin came in. A florin was handed round, and some bit it; I looked at it and said I was sure it was good. I told the inspector I did not know Larkin. As to Rogers, he was not near me, he was never in the room. The constable may have seen three men together, but I was not one. As to Mrs. Johnson, I do not even know her shop; it is clear that she did not know the coin was bad till the next morning; I had no more to do with it than anybody hi this Court. I do not know Rogers, and never was in his company.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Larkin's Defence.</hi> I had walked from Watford to Edgware. I bought some cheese. Mr. Cross gave me my florin back, and I paid him with a half-crown. I showed the florin to some men, and they said they did not think it was bad. I took it back to Mr. Cross, and said, "You don't know good money from bad," and sat down in the taproom—when the constable came I went up to him and showed him the coin—I had never seen these two men before.</p>
<rs id="t18910309-274-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-274-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-274-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-274-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-274-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-274-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-274-18910309 t18910309-274-punishment-22"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-274-18910309 t18910309-274-punishment-22"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-274-18910309 t18910309-274-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-275">
<interp inst="t18910309-275" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-275" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-275-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-275-18910309 t18910309-275-offence-1 t18910309-275-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-275-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-275-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18910309" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18910309" type="surname" value="WINNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18910309" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WINNER</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-275-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-275-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-275-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILMOT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-96" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-96" type="surname" value="WOODS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-96" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>SARAH ANN WOODS</persName> </hi>. I am employed at some dining-rooms, 119, Bow Road—on 13th January I served the prisoner with a pork pie, price 2d; he gave me a half-crown; I put it in the till whore there was no other, and gave him 2s. 4d. change; Mr. Bacon went to the till immediately</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090013"/>
<p>afterwards, and spoke to me—I saw the prisoner three weeks afterwards with other men at the Police-station, and picked him out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>, There were four single shillings in the till—I found the coin was bad immediately I examined it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-97" type="surname" value="BACON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-97" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BACON</persName> </hi>. The last witness is in my employ—I saw the prisoner come in on 13th January—he had been in two or three times before—I saw him throw a half-crown over the counter, and after he had gone I went to the till, found a bad half-crown, and showed it to the girl who had taken it; I then took it upstairs and kept it safe till I gave it to the detective—I picked the prisoner out at the Police-court from about twenty, and am sure he is the man—this is the coin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was three or four yards from the counter—it was the only half-crown in the till—there had been four shillings there and some coppers, but she gave you change out of that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-98" type="surname" value="RAWLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-98" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY RAWLINGS</persName> </hi>. My. father keeps the Smiths Arms, St. Leonard's Street, Bromley—on 18th February the prisoner came in with two women—I served them with drink, and one of the women gave me a florin; I took it to my father in the bar parlour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-99" type="surname" value="RAWLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-99" type="given" value="ELIAS"/>ELIAS RAWLINGS</persName> </hi>. I keep the Smith's Arms—on 18th February, about 9.15 p.m. the prisoner came in with two women and had some drink—my daughter brought me a bad florin, and I said to the prisoner, "How many more have you got like this?"—he made no answer, but put his hand in his pocket and gave one of the women a five-shilling piece, and said, "Pay for it out of this"—she said, "You see I have got blood on my hands, and you give me this on purpose to get me locked up"—I gave them in custody—one woman was his wife, and was discharged by the Magistrate.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known your father a good many years—he is a labouring man, and has worked for me—I never took a bad coin from you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-100" type="surname" value="DREW"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-100" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DREW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">K</hi> 132). I was called to the Smith's Arms, and Mr. Rawlings charged a female, who said, "I know I passed it"—she was charged before a Magistrate, and discharged, being the prisoner's wife—I searched the prisoner at the station, and found on him £4 in gold, 17s. in silver, and 10d. bronze, good money, a silver watch with a coin attached, and a pocket-knife—the prisoner's wife said before the Magistrate that the other woman gave it to her, and she knew nothing about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Your wife said that another woman was in her company, but she did not say at the station that she gave it to her; she said so at the Police-court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-101" type="surname" value="LAUDER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-101" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER LAUDER</persName> </hi>. I am thirteen years old—my mother keeps a shop at 2, St. Leonard's Street, Bromley—on 20th December a woman came in for a pennyworth of musk—I did not see what she gave my mother, but she left, and my mother told me to follow her—I did so; she joined the prisoner at the corner of High Street—I said to her, "My mother wants you"—the prisoner said, "What for?"—I said, "She gave mother a bad shilling"—he said, "Go on," and offered to give me a shilling, but drew his hand back again—I walked away, he called me hack, but I would not go—I said, "If you don't give me the shilling I will follow you wherever you go "—she said to the prisoner, "Give him the shilling"—he said, "Go on," and struck me across my face and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090014"/>
<p>made me cry, and said, "You can go"—I said, "I will"—I saw him a little while afterwards at the Bow Brewery, and afterwards at Arbour Square Police-station with eleven other men, and had no difficulty in picking him out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-102" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-102" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to the Mint—this half-crown and florin are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> The florin was given to my
<hi rend="italic">missus</hi> by another woman. I had plenty of money. I know nothing about it. The other woman was intoxicated. My wife was discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-275-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-275-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-275-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910309-275-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-275-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-275-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-275-18910309 t18910309-275-punishment-23"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, March</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-276">
<interp inst="t18910309-276" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-276" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-276-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-276-18910309 t18910309-276-offence-1 t18910309-276-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-276-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-276-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18910309" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18910309" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18910309" type="given" value="WILLIAM URMSTONE SEARLE GLANVILLE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM URMSTONE SEARLE GLANVILLE RICHARDS</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-276-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-276-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-276-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Unlawfully damaging certain manuscripts of and belonging to the
<persName id="t18910309-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-104" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-276-offence-1 t18910309-name-104"/>British Museum</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-105" type="surname" value="LEETE"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-105" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH LEETE</persName> </hi>. I am a merchant, and live at South Norwood Park—in 1883 I came across a book written by the defendant, a history of the family of Glanville from the Norman Conquest—I had in 1881 published a book called "A Record of the Leete Family"—I was brought into contact with the defendant through my being a co-trustee for a member of his family—on 3rd May, 1883, I received this letter from him, in which he gave an extract from some work referring to the Leete family—on 13th May, 1883, I received this other letter from him, and another on 28th May. (
<hi rend="italic">These letters had reference to certain manuscripts in the British Museum, showing a connection of the Leete family with that of Avenel</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and expressing a readiness to make research on the subject, adding that he was working hard for his ordination, and that his means were of a limited character</hi>)—that letter, I believe, enclosed a scrap of information upon the subject. (
<hi rend="italic">Several other letters were put in and read</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">all bearing on the same matter</hi>)—I sent him £5 and other sums on account of current researches—the letter of 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> August, 1883, enclosed what purported to be a copy of part of a manuscript from one of the Harleian Collection, 6164, showing a connection between the Avenel family and the family of Leete—the letter also enclosed a reading-room ticket, it has his writing on it—that letter contained the first and only informa
<lb/>tion from the manuscripts—I cannot remember whether I acknowledged the receipt of that letter; I may have seen him afterwards—I think I was absent from London at the time—I think after that there was very little correspondence—possibly I sent him in all three sums, amounting to £20 or £30, in the course of six months—some time that year his researches on my behalf entirely ceased—the documents were sent to me from time to time while he was making his researches; I put them away—his last letter, of 27th September, suggested that I should recast my book altogether and publish it afresh—some time in the spring of 1890 I handed over all the notes and docu
<lb/>ments to Mr. Corbet Anderson, and he reported to me the result of his investigation.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I was acquainted with your step
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090015"/>
<p>I was a mutual friend of the family—I have nothing to say against you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-106" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-106" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN LONG"/>EDWARD JOHN LONG SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am the Keeper of the Manuscripts and Egerton Librarian at the British Museum—the whole of the MSS. there are under my charge, I am responsible for them; I am intimately acquainted with the Harleian MSS.—I have before me No. 6,148—turning to folio 108 I find that certain parts have been interpolated; in the right-hand lower corner there are a number of entries in modern ink of the present century of an entirely different colour to the original—the object of that interpolation is to connect the family of Avenel with the family of Leete; that would be the effect of it—it is my duty to have an inti
<lb/>mate knowledge of handwriting—I have had placed before me a number of letters purporting to be in the handwriting of the prisoner; I have compared them with the interpolations here, and I say the writing is identically the same, there is not the slightest attempt at disguise—turning to 6,164, folio 64, I find that five genera
<lb/>tions have been interpolated in modern handwriting and modern ink, and did not form part of the original MS.—they are entirely spurious, the handwriting is the same, but slightly disguised, with a few flourishes and alterations to make it look more ancient and more like the genuine entries on the same page—I find running through the undoubted handwriting of the prisoner that he always makes his capital L like a small h; that is most remarkable; it occurs not in every case, he gradu
<lb/>ally drifts into it on many occasions, but keeps out of it on some occa
<lb/>sions—in the additional MS. 5,937, folios 43 and 44, a whole leaf has been interpolated, two pages; that is absolutely spurious; it is fitted in with tracing paper; if it becomes necessary to insert a page we do not do so, we guard it with a small piece of paper on the left-hand side of the page; this is numbered 44a, we should put 43 and a star—the whole of this is spurious—the effect of the interpolation is to give the family of Avenel an entirely different character—it appears to be slurred and blotted over to give it the appearance of age; it is headed "Avenel and Leete"—these MSS. are useful for the purposes of art and literature, and are of priceless value and curiosity—they are carefully examined by me to detect forgeries—attempts are made to palm off spurious MSS.—I am responsible for their genuineness before they are purchased—the MSS. are allowed as evidence in the Courts of Law—in pedigree cases, the Heralds' Visitations are taken as evidence—the Visitations commenced in the reign of Richard III., and terminated with Charles II.; they were generally made in the reign of Elizabeth, as late as 1634—readers in the Museum have to obtain a certificate of good character—anybody whose name is in the Post Office Directory can give a reference—readers can get out what books they require—in 1883 the MSS. were examined in the,. large room, the same room the readers used; since that they are only used in a small room—a reader requiring a MS. had to get a green ticket, which contained the place named, the number of the seat, the date, and the volume required—the ticket was deposited in a basket and was collected by the attendant; when the volume is returned the ticket is given back to him, and then his responsibility ends—when the MSS. are returned to the attendant they are brought down to the examination de
<lb/>partment and examined by two assistants the next morning; they are not examined carefully, for this reason, that they only have between ten</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090016"/>
<p>minutes past five and ten next morning, and in those fifty minutes they have over two hundred to examine; they turn them over hastily just to see if any damage has been done, which would catch the eye; such altera
<lb/>tions as these might very well escape observation unless their attention is particularly drawn to them—seat L 9, which was occupied by the defendant in August, 1883, was as near the door as could be—it is perfectly possible that these interpolations could be made in a short time at the Museum; the double page could not be done there, that must have been' done at home, and afterwards brought to the Museum; it bears traces of haste, the tracing paper is torn.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Additions have been made to the Harleian MSS., not many, but of this class, more or less, some are invaluable—it would be malicious to add or correct notes—no reader is allowed to make any mark on any MS. or book—I do not say it was gross carelessness on the part of the officials not to have discovered these additions at once; they have so many to look through and so short a time in which to do it—all these MSS. were entered and indexed before they came into the Museum—these insertions are not indexed, showing that they were made subse
<lb/>quently to their coming into the Museum—the MSS. are not all of equal value—the giving up the ticket would not release the reader from all liability—in the winter months the seats are fully occupied; in the summer months the seats are half empty—I have nothing to prove whether these notes are right or wrong—I have merely to say they are additions to the MSS.—we did not purchase these MSS.; they were given to us by the nation—the Government bought them in 1879 as genuine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. These alterations and interpolations are of the very substance of the pedigree; they absolutely destroy its veracity.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> No reader has authority to make any addition or alteration.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-107" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-107" type="given" value="JOHN CORBET"/>JOHN CORBET ANDERSON</persName> </hi>. I have been a student at the Museum upwards of forty-five years—I have given a good deal of time to antique researches, and have written works on the subject—in the course of 1890 Mr. Leete handed to me letters, documents, and notes relative to the pedigree of the Leete family—Mr. Leete's book had been printed two years before—the documents were handed to me for the purpose of going through them, throwing out what was of no interest, and pre
<lb/>serving what Mr. Leete thought of interest—I took them to the Museum and examined the records referred to in the letters—I inspected the Harleian MS. 6,164 and 6,148—I immediately detected that alterations had been made in the MSS.—I called the attention of the authorities of the Museum to them—I have studied both ancient and modern handwriting—I have compared the hand
<lb/>writing of the defendant's letters with that in these MSS., and I say they are identical; without a doubt the handwriting is the same.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There is general similarity throughout, but parti
<lb/>cularly in the capital L, which is like a small h—I carefully com
<lb/>pared the writing before I gave information to the authorities of my suspicions.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-108" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-108" type="given" value="WILLIAM ESSINGTON"/>WILLIAM ESSINGTON HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the publishing firm of Mitchell and Hughes, of 140, Wardour Street; in 1883 we published a work for the defendant on the genealogy of the family of Glanville—I am well acquainted with his handwriting—I have seen the letters of 16th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090017"/>
<p>August and other letters to Mr. Leete; they are in the prisoner's hand
<lb/>writing; I have sixty of them at the office now—I was in constant com
<lb/>munication with him by letter—turning to the Harleian MS. 6,1481 see writing of the prisoner on the right-hand side; there is no disguise about it—one piece is a little more obscure, as to the major portion I entertain no doubt—on folio 64 of 6,164 there are five generations, beginning with John Avenel and connecting it with William Lewitt—I should say that is in the same handwriting as the prisoner's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not observe any peculiarities in the handwriting; the affinity of the two handwritings makes me say it is yours.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-109" type="surname" value="BICKLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-109" type="given" value="FRANCIS BRIDGES"/>FRANCIS BRIDGES BICKLEY</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant in charge of the MS. department at the British Museum, in the students' room—on 19th May last year Mr. Anderson called my attention to what he alleged to be alterations in the two Harley MS. 6,128 and 6,124—I examined them carefully, and came to the conclusion that they are spurious additions to the original MS.—Mr. Anderson also submitted to me the pedigree copied from the MS., and various papers—I came to the conclusion that the entries in the MS. were all in the same handwriting as that on the papers he submitted to me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The capital L resembles a small h; that is a very apparent peculiarity, also the way in which you make the J, leaving out the loop, both in the papers and in the MS., and at the end of the letter C there is a curious curve, both in your letters and in the MS.—seat L 9 is marked on the ticket; that seat would be near the door.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-110" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-110" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD ROBINSON</persName> </hi>. I am an attendant at the British Museum—in 1883 it was my duty to collect the tickets of the readers in a basket, and obtain for them the MS. they required—a book is kept, known as the issue and return MS. book, in which is entered the particular MS. given out to the reader, the name of the reader, with the initials of the giver out—when the reader has finished with the MS. another attendant puts his initials, for the purpose of showing he has received it—turning to that book, I find that on the 25th of May, 1883, Glanville Richards was handed by another attendant the Harleian MS. 6,148—on the 28th May he had the same MS. out again, and on the same day he had 6,164; on 30th May he again had 6,164; on 18th June he had 6,164 and 5,937; on 12th July he had 6,148, 6,164 and 5,937; on 18th June he had 6,148, and on 15th August he had all three.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-111" type="surname" value="JEYES"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-111" type="given" value="ISAAC HERBERT"/>ISAAC HERBERT JEYES</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant in the MS. department at the British Museum—on 16th August, 1883, it was my duty, in con
<lb/>nection with Mr. Jeffery, to examine the MSS. Nos. 6,148, 6,164, and 5,967 of the Harleian collection—we had to examine all the MSS. given out the day before—I did not discover at that time any of these alterations that had been made in them; from the character of the examination I should hardly be likely to do so.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Two examiners are appointed—we are scarcely expected to go through them carefully; we have to see that the binding is not broken, or any tears made,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-112" type="surname" value="BURT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-112" type="given" value="JAMES AUGUSTUS"/>JAMES AUGUSTUS BURT</persName> </hi>. I live at 16, Charles Street, Clarendon Square—I am an expert in handwriting—I have nothing to do with the Museum—I have had twenty-five years' experience inspecting MSS. at the Museum—I have seen the letters purporting to be signed by the defendant and the extracts from the MS.—the additions to the MS, 6,148 are in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090018"/>
<p>same handwriting as the letters, undisguised—in 6,164 there is a very slight attempt at disguise; in the spurious pages there is also a slight attempt at disguise, but in my opinion they are all in the same handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I spent some hours over it—there is a peculiarity in the capital L, it is like an h; also in the figure nine, and in the junction of the v and e in Avenel, and there are many others—I have, of course, seen similarities in handwriting, but not such as to mistake one for another; on close examination you see the difference.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-113" type="surname" value="TUNBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-113" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN TUNBRIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). At five o'clock, on 6th February, I attended at the Plymouth Police-station, where I found the prisoner de
<lb/>tained; I held a warrant which I read to him; it charged him with having committed damage at the British Museum in 1883—he made no reply to the charge; I brought him to London; he was taken before the Magistrate, and has been in custody ever since.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SCOTT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-called</hi>). I have caused an examination to be made for the purpose of seeing how many times these MSS. have been had out since 1883; they are very numerous, I cannot say for what purpose.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that he made his investigations purely out of friendship to Mr. Leete, and not for the sake of gain; he denied that he vet in needy circumstances, that he was studying for the church, that the money he received he considered was merely for his expenses, and he denied that in what he did he was influenced by any malicious intention.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-276-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-276-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-276-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910309-276-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-276-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-276-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-276-18910309 t18910309-276-punishment-24"/>Two Months, Without Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-277">
<interp inst="t18910309-277" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-277" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-277-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-277-18910309 t18910309-277-offence-1 t18910309-277-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-277-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-277-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18910309" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18910309" type="surname" value="HARTING"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18910309" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEONARD HARTING</hi> (29),
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-277-18910309 t18910309-alias-2"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CARL MULLER</hi> </rs>,</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-277-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-277-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-277-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18910309-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-115" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-115" type="surname" value="SEYMOUR"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-115" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-277-offence-1 t18910309-name-115"/>Alice Seymour</persName>, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-116" type="surname" value="SEYMOUR"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-116" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE SEYMOUR</persName> </hi>. I lived at 16, Upper Rathbone Place; now I live in Drury Lane—I am an unfortunate—on Saturday night, 21st February, I met the prisoner at the corner of Rathbone Place, Oxford Street, about a quarter to twelve—he was not able to speak English; he put up his five fingers; I understood him to mean would I go with him for five shillings—we went and had a drink, and then I went with him to his room on the second floor at 65, Newman Street—he was the worse for drink—he went into the room first; I followed him; he was at the door—I said, "You no light," and I struck a match—I saw he had this knife in his hand; he kissed it—he took me as if he was going to get hold of me, and he tore my boa to get to my throat; and as he took up the knife I caught hold of the blade and screamed "Murder!"—two lodgers came to the door and burst it open—I had no light in the room till the door was burst open—I then got out of the room and went down the stairs, leaving the prisoner in the room—I remained on the stairs till a constable came about five minutes afterwards—I went to the hospital, where Dr. Soulby attended to me, and then I went to the station and charged the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not kept at the hospital; I left there and went to the station the same night—the prisoner was friendly with me when we met in Oxford Street, and had a drink—we had no quarrel walking home—when he kissed the knife and tried to stab me we had had no quarrel—I had done nothing—he had given me no money before he stabbed me—I had not gone to a chest of drawers where there was money—he waft standing by a chest of drawers; he did not take a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090019"/>
<p>sovereign from the drawers and give it to me—I did not go to the drawers and try to get more money—he did not hold up the knife to frighten me—I tried to take it; without any struggle he tried to stab me—I did not strike him in the face when he held up the knife; I did not attempt to rob him—I have been in the hands of the police on fourteen or fifteen occasions, for attempting to rob people—I did not try to take money from the prisoner—I got the stab on the cheek in the struggle; it was accidentally that the knife touched me in the struggle—he kissed the hilt of the knife.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have only been convicted three times for stealing; the other times were for drunkenness.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-117" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-117" type="surname" value="CLEAVER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-117" type="given" value="MARY ELIZABETH"/>MARY ELIZABETH CLEAVER</persName> </hi>. I live at 65, Newman Street, and am landlady of that house—the prisoner was my lodger; he had had a second floor room since New Year's Day—about twenty minutes to two on 22nd February I was on the ground floor, and I heard him passing up to his room; I only heard his step, no other—about five minutes after I heard cries of murder—I had just gone to bed—I and my husband got up and went up to the room—a young man lodger tried the door—the door was pushed open, it was not locked, and I don't think it was shut, because it moved to and fro as though somebody was at the back of it—when the door was pushed open the prosecutrix came out; she was covered in blood—I did not see the prisoner, there was no light in the room—I had seen this knife before 21st February on the round table in the prisoner's room—shortly afterwards the constable arrived and forced the door open—I think there was a struggle between him and the prisoner; I did not see it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I only saw this-knife once before, that was about, two days before this happened; it was on the table by the side of his bed—I heard he came into a large sum of money on 2nd February—at the time he had £70 or £80 in gold in his drawer, that he had drawn out of the City Bank.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-118" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-118" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HAYES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">D</hi> 373). On Saturday night, 21st February, I was called to 65, Newman Street—the prosecutrix was sitting on the stairs with her face and hands covered with blood—from what she said, I went up to the second floor—the room door was closed—I tried to open it; someone was leaning against it from inside, and I had to force it open—the prisoner was standing behind the door—this knife was in his left hand—I told him to put the knife down; he made a plunge at me, and I was obliged to draw my truncheon to knock the knife out of his hand; then I struggled with him—after he was overpowered I told him he would have to come with me to the station—I took him there; he walked very quietly—there was blood on the knife, on the floor, and on the door handle—the charge was read over to him at the station by an interpreter, who is not here to-day—another constable took the prosecutrix to the, hospital—the prisoner was drunk at the time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-119" type="surname" value="SOULBY"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-119" type="given" value="CHARLES ERNEST"/>CHARLES ERNEST SOULBY</persName> </hi>. I am resident house surgeon at Middlesex Hospital—shortly after midnight on Sunday, 22nd February, the prosecu
<lb/>trix was brought there—her face was swollen, and she was bleeding from the nose; the blood was streaming over the front part of her dress—that was from bruising, not a cut—on the right cheek was a scratch about one inch below the eye; a bruise on the back of the head; on the upper surface of the fingers of the right hand there were some transverse</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090020"/>
<p>jagged cut wounds, and on the back of the left hand a bruise—the cuts and scratches might have been caused by this knife, I think—I dressed the wounds, and she was allowed to leave.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen her since; she is quite healed—the cuts on the hand after washing away the blood were not very severe.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-120" type="surname" value="HATES"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-120" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HATES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I searched the prisoner; all I found on him was about 2s. 4d.—a sheath for the knife was lying on the floor in the room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "All I can say I was drunk, and have no idea how I came to the station and how all that happened; I only saw my position when I woke up in the morning."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-277-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-277-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-277-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-278">
<interp inst="t18910309-278" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-278" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-278-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-278-18910309 t18910309-278-offence-1 t18910309-278-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-278-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-278-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18910309" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18910309" type="surname" value="RYAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18910309" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN RYAN</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-278-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-278-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-278-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, Feloniously setting fire to certain papers and bedding in a dwelling-house, persons being therein, and so intending to set fire to the house.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACKWELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-122" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-122" type="given" value="JULIA"/>JULIA HAYES</persName> </hi>. I lived at 207, St. George's Street with the prisoner as his wife—on Saturday night, 8th February, about ten o'clock, the prisoner asked me to come and have a drink; I said, "No," as I had been drinking so much the night before, and I wanted to go to bed—we came out and had a little drop—I left him in the public-house and came home and went to bed, feeling intoxicated; I was regularly muddled with drink—afterwards he came home and said, "Why did not you tell me you were going home?" and I told him to come to bed and make no row—then he went to the door, I don't know where to—I was trying to scramble for my clothes in the dark—he came in and said again, "Why did not you tell me you were going to leave me?" and then he stooped down about ten minutes, and all of a sudden I saw the mattress where me and he were lying all flare up—I asked him if he had done it—he made no reply, and I ran up into the street and met Mr. Flannigan, the inspector—I did not see the prisoner do it, we were in the dark.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You never spoke when I asked you if you had done it—I could not say if the mattress was smouldering, not flaring, I was so drunk; it was alight—I did not stop long enough to see if there was any fire, I ran out to fetch the inspector and sergeant; when I came back with them you had got all the bedclothes and mattress in the fender to try and put it out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-123" type="surname" value="FLANNIGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-123" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FLANNIGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector H</hi>). On 8th February I met the prosecutrix about a quarter past one a.m.—she made a statement to me, and I accompanied her to the house—I found the front kitchen in the basement was filled with smoke—the prisoner was there—the bedstead was broken down to the ground on one side, and the mattress upon it was composed of wood shavings, and they were smouldering—the sergeant with me and I stamped it out with our feet, and opened the-window and let the smoke out—the prisoner was sitting on a chair in front of the fireplace—the bedclothes, rug, sheet, and shawl were stuffed down in front of the grate inside the fender—they were all burned, and were smouldering round the edges—we examined the room, and under the bed and mattress I found a quantity of burnt paper and matches—I said, "What is this?" the prosecutrix said that was paper that he had placed under the bed and set fire to, saying, "I will set fire to the b—y bed and burn you and all</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090021"/>
<p>in the house"—the prisoner said nothing—I took him to the station—when charged lie said, "I will not plead guilty, I will go for trial first"—he was searched, and a box of matches was found in his pocket, and some loose matches—he had the appearance of haying been drinking, but the last witness was perfectly sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-124" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-124" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-124" type="given" value="JULIA"/>JULIA HAYES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>). I was excited when I saw the bed on fire; I did not know what I was saying to the Inspector—the prisoner did not say, "I will set fire to the b----y bed and burn you and all in the house"—I thought I was on fire myself when I saw it burning up.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner.</hi> I saw your pipe come out of the burnt shavings, out of the mattress.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner in his defence said he was innocent; that it was done with his pipe.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-278-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-278-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-278-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910309-278-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-278-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-278-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-278-18910309 t18910309-278-punishment-25"/>Nine Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-279">
<interp inst="t18910309-279" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-279" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-279-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-274918910309 t18910309-279-offence-1 t18910309-279-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-279-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-274918910309 t18910309-279-offence-1 t18910309-279-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-279-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-279-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18910309" type="age" value="63"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18910309" type="surname" value="BURLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18910309" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD BURLEY</hi> (63)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-279-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-279-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-279-18910309" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def2-279-18910309" type="surname" value="CARPENTER"/>
<interp inst="def2-279-18910309" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CARPENTER</hi> (41)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-279-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-279-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-279-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18910309-279-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-279-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-279-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>to breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910309-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-127" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-127" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-279-offence-1 t18910309-name-127"/>George Thompson</persName>, and stealing a watch and other articles and £239 19s.</rs> Bur
<lb/>ley also
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to a conviction of felony in July, 1882, in the name of
<persName id="t18910309-name-128">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-128" type="surname" value="CRANE"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>William Crane</persName>, and Carpenter** to one in March, 1888, in the name of
<persName id="t18910309-name-129">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-129" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-129" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Wright</persName>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910309-279-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-279-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-279-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-279-18910309 t18910309-279-punishment-26"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-279-18910309 t18910309-279-punishment-26"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-280">
<interp inst="t18910309-280" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-280" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-280-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-280-18910309 t18910309-280-offence-1 t18910309-280-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-280-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-280-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18910309" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18910309" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18910309" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEX
<lb/>ANDER SMITH</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-280-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-280-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-280-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, To burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910309-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-131" type="surname" value="BREWSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-131" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-280-offence-1 t18910309-name-131"/>Samuel Brewster</persName>, and stealing 500 cigars and 5s.</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-280-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-280-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-280-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-280-18910309 t18910309-280-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months Hard Labour</hi> </rs>,
<rs id="t18910309-280-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-280-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-280-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-281">
<interp inst="t18910309-281" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-281" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-281-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-281-18910309 t18910309-281-offence-1 t18910309-281-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-281-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-281-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18910309" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18910309" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILSON</hi>, To</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-281-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-281-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-281-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910309-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-133" type="surname" value="MACDONALD"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-133" type="given" value="JOHN COLLINS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-281-offence-1 t18910309-name-133"/>John Collins Macdonald</persName>, and stealing a clock and other articles;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>** to a conviction of felony in February, 1889.—</rs>
<rs id="t18910309-281-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-281-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-281-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-281-18910309 t18910309-281-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-281-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-281-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-281-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, March</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-282">
<interp inst="t18910309-282" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-282" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-282-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-282-18910309 t18910309-282-offence-1 t18910309-282-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-282-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-282-18910309 t18910309-282-offence-1 t18910309-282-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-282-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-282-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18910309" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18910309" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18910309" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER COOK</hi> (25)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-282-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-282-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-282-18910309" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-282-18910309" type="surname" value="LAMBETH"/>
<interp inst="def2-282-18910309" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM LAMBETH</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-282-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-282-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-282-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Unlawfully committing an act of gross indecency, to which </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LAMBETH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-282-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-282-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-282-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910309-282-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-282-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-282-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-282-18910309 t18910309-282-punishment-29"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COOK</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-282-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-282-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-282-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">being weak-minded—
<rs id="t18910309-282-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-282-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-282-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-282-18910309 t18910309-282-punishment-30"/>Judgment respited</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-283">
<interp inst="t18910309-283" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-283" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-283-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-283-18910309 t18910309-283-offence-1 t18910309-283-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-283-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-283-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-283-18910309" type="age" value="51"/>
<interp inst="def1-283-18910309" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-283-18910309" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES CLARK</hi> (51)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-283-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-283-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-283-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Unlawfully attempting to procure the commission of an act of gross indecency.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACKWELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-283-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-283-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-283-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-284">
<interp inst="t18910309-284" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-284" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-284-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-284-18910309 t18910309-284-offence-1 t18910309-284-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-284-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-284-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18910309" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18910309" type="surname" value="KENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18910309" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES KENT</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-284-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-284-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-284-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18910309-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-138" type="surname" value="DYAS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-138" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-284-offence-1 t18910309-name-138"/>Benjamin Dyas</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACKWELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-139" type="surname" value="DYAS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-139" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN DYAS</persName> </hi>. I am a plasterer, and live at 6, Garfield Terrace, where the prisoner and I were fellow lodgers—on the 16th February I went home at 7 p.m., the prisoner was at home; he went out to the station and fetched a policeman, and wanted his bag with his clothes, it was given to him, and he went out with it about eight o'clock—his bag</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090022"/>
<p>was brought back about nine o'clock, and the landlord said to me, "Will you go to the door, and if it is Mr. Kent do not let him in"—I went to the door and said, "Mr. Kent, you are not to come into this house again to-night"—He said, "I am coming in"—I stood against the door to prevent his coming in, and he stuck a knife into me just under my right breast—I did not see the knife, but I felt it—he ran away to the Victoria public-house—I went there and saw him coming out—I said, "Mr. Kent, I have got you at last," but he got away—I was laid up for three weeks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I shut him out because we were all in danger of our lives—I thought the landlord had come home and opened the door—I did not hit him or push him—he did not try to push past me—my landlady told me to shut him out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. HANKIN</hi>. I am the landlady of this house—the prosecutor and prisoner were both lodgers—on 6th February I left home to purchase some goods, leaving my little girl of 14 at home, and the prisoner had got her by the throat when I came back, and I gave him notice to leave at once—he had lodged there on and off for five years as a weekly tenant—I put him out of the house; he was away for an hour, and came back about eight o'clock with a constable; I told the constable what he had done to my daughter, and said I would not have him in my house another night—he told the constable I was detaining his clothes; that was false—his bag was carried to the corner of the road by the constable's order; he was asked to take it, and would not, and it was brought back into my house again—he went away till nine o'clock, when a knock came, and Dyas went to the door—I said, "Don't let him in," he opened the door—I followed him—he said, "You cannot come in here to-night, Mr. Kent"—he said, "I shall"—Dyas said, "No, you cannot"—I said, "No, you will not come into my house to-night"—Dyas said, "Oh, lookout, Mrs. Hankin, I have got the knife!"—the prisoner then made a stab at me—I saw the knife; it was open—I went behind the door to save the blow—the prisoner ran to the corner of the road and hid himself behind a post—I saw a policeman with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Had he been a
<hi rend="italic">prudent</hi> man I should have given him a week's notice—I did not want to have him arrested; he went to the policeman, not I.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HARKNESS</hi>. I attended Dyas on 16th February, and found him faint from loss of blood—I found a punctured wound an inch and a half on the inner side of his right breast, and about an inch deep—the rib had intercepted it—I only saw him twice—he is fairly well now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-140" type="surname" value="HILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-140" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HILSON</persName> </hi> (207). I was on duty, and saw the prisoner running from the Victoria public-house to the Seven Sisters' Road, and a large crowd following him, shouting that he had stabbed a man—I caught him, and Dyas said that he had stabbed him—he said nothing—I found this knife in his left trousers pocket—he was drunk, but not mad drunk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I know nothing at all about stabbing Benjamin Dyas. I was intoxicated when I got home. I had been drinking rum and gin all day. I had fever out on the West Coast of Africa, and when I get a drop of drink it preys on my brain, have a good character on my discharge from the service, and have never been in trouble before."</p>
<rs id="t18910309-284-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-284-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-284-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910309-284-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-284-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-284-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-284-18910309 t18910309-284-punishment-31"/>Ten Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-285">
<interp inst="t18910309-285" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-285" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-285-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-285-18910309 t18910309-285-offence-1 t18910309-285-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090023"/>
<persName id="def1-285-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-285-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18910309" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18910309" type="surname" value="DENNY"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18910309" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH DENNY</hi> (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-285-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-285-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-285-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering a request for the delivery of two and a half gallons of polish and five brushes, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BAILEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-142" type="surname" value="MILLINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-142" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY MILLINGTON</persName> </hi>, I am a cabinet maker, and did live at 57, Haber
<lb/>dasher Street, Hoxton—the prisoner was in my employ up to January 28th as a French polisher—he had not been in the habit of obtaining goods for me—on February 16th I received this bill, with 19s. 10d. charged for goods which I had never ordered and never received—I had had 11s. 9d. worth of goods—I did not authorise this document, written on a piece of sandpaper—I do not know whose writing it is. (
<hi rend="italic">This was to Mr. Waters:</hi> "
<hi rend="italic">Let bearer have on my account two gallons of polish and four brushes, half a dozen varnish brown and one ditto</hi>")—I gave no authority to obtain these goods.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I discharged you on 28th January, or it might have been the 27th—you had fifteen shillings to finish your work, and never came; you came drunk to finish it on Thursday, and I told a policeman to put you out of the place—I never gave you authority to get polish on credit—I always gave you the money to get it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-143" type="surname" value="WATERS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-143" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WATERS</persName> </hi>. I am a varnish maker, of Great Eastern Street, employed by my father—I think I have seen the prisoner before—on February 4th one of our men brought this order, and I went forward and spoke to the prisoner—he said he required the goods for Mr. Millington, and I instructed our man to give them to him—we were not in the habit of dealing with Mr. Millington, but I believed this document came from him—the value of the goods was 19s. 10d.—some goods had been ordered previously, and I added the 19s. 10d. to it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-144" type="surname" value="IRWIN"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-144" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS IRWIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 157). I received information, and took the prisoner on 16th February, and told him he would be charged with obtaining goods by means of a forged order—he said, "I had the stuff, but I will pay Mr. Millington if he will allow me. "</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "I never wrote the order, but I produced it right enough."</p>
<rs id="t18910309-285-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-285-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-285-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the Uttering only.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at Worship Street on 30th July</hi>, 1890—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910309-285-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-285-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-285-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-285-18910309 t18910309-285-punishment-32"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, March</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-286">
<interp inst="t18910309-286" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-286" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-286-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-286-18910309 t18910309-286-offence-1 t18910309-286-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-286-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-286-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18910309" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18910309" type="surname" value="BARTLETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18910309" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED JAMES BARTLETT</hi> (49)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18910309-286-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-286-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-286-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18910309-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-146" type="surname" value="BARTLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-146" type="given" value="ROSINA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-286-offence-1 t18910309-name-146"/>Rosina Bartlett</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-147" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-147" type="given" value="PETER"/>PETER MITCHELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">J</hi> 127). On Wednesday morning, 18th February, about seven or half-past, I was on duty in the Kingsley Road, Hounslow—I was spoken to by a lad named Pearcey, and from what he said I went to No. 6, Lambton Terrace—I there saw the prisoner's wife at the door—she spoke to me, and I went into the kitchen, where I saw the prisoner standing in front of the fire; his wife went in with me, and in his presence and hearing she said, "I went out on an errand this morning,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090024"/>
<p>and when I came back he had killed the baby"—I said to the prisoner, "You hear what your wife has said?"—he said, "Yes, that is right, I did it"—I then went upstairs into the front bedroom, and there saw the dead body of an infant on the bed—I noticed two slight red marks on the right side of its neck—the prisoner came up with me, he said nothing there—I only saw the child, and took the prisoner down again and took him to the station—he said nothing—he seemed strange in his manner, his eyes appeared very strange—I had not known him before—he was sober—I was present when the inspector charged him at the station with the wilful murder of his child—there was nobody in the house but the prisoner and his wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-148" type="surname" value="ELMES"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-148" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>MAURICE ELMES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector T</hi>). I was at the station about nine a.m. on the 18th, and found the prisoner there—I told him I should hare to charge him with wilfully murdering his daughter Rosina at about 7.30 a.m.—he said, "Yes, I did it with a brace, that I put in the stand at the foot of the bed"—I subsequently examined the room, and in a small wooden stand at the foot of the bed I found this piece of elastic brace; I examined it, but found no marks of any kind upon it—I thought the prisoner appeared strange when I saw him at the station, I thought so by his general appearance, the look on his face; he said very little—he was detained at Hounslow, and was taken before the justices at Brentford next day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I told the Magistrate that the prisoner made a rambling statement—that was when he was detained in the cell—he said some years ago he contracted a certain disease, and he was afraid as his children grew up they would inherit that disease—he uttered that in a strange tone—nobody had mentioned anything of the sort to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-149" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-149" type="given" value="WILLIAM BRAMWELL"/>WILLIAM BRAMWELL REED</persName> </hi>, B. M., 4, Lambton Road, Hounslow—on 18th February, about a quarter to eight a.m., I was called to 15, Lamb
<lb/>ton Terrace, and in a bedroom upstairs I found an infant on a bed; a little frothy mucus was exuding from the right side of the mouth—the lips were livid; the face was slightly livid, not quite so marked as the lips—the eyes were closed; the body was still warm—the child seemed to be about five or six months old; it was a well-nourished child—there were two little marks on the left side of the neck, where it joins the chest, in front by the side of the windpipe—they were about the size of a six
<lb/>pence—they were such marks as might have been produced by pressure on the throat by fingers—I saw no other marks on the face or body—it seemed a healthy, well-nourished child—it seemed to me at that time that the cause of death was strangulation; next day, the 19th, I made a post
<lb/>mortem examination—the windpipe contained a small amount of thickish greyish-white fluid—there was some similar coloured fluid in the stomach—there were a certain number of small extravasations on the surface of the lungs—all the other organs of the body were healthy—the post-mortem appearances induced me to modify my opinion as to the strangulation—I came to the conclusion that if there had been strangulation, suffocation had been superadded to it; the appearances were consistent with that condition of things—I consider that there must have been some suffocating agent applied to the face, such as a hand, or a pillow, or anything to stop breathing—if this piece of brace had been put round the mouth that would cause it; it is long enough to go round the neck and over the face; that would prevent the child breathing—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090025"/>
<p>do not think that the marks on the neck would be occasioned by the brace; they were more like finger-marks; pressure by the fingers might cause them—the post-mortem appearances confirmed my opinion that strangulation and then suffocation were the causes of death.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have heard that the prisoner is a wheelwright—the marks on the neck were not larger than would be caused by his fingers; they seemed to be about that size; the greyish fluid in the mouth and windpipe was partially digested milk, slightly curdled; some of it had gone down to the lungs—there was no injury to the interior of the throat—if the child had been choked I should have expected to find injuries inside, and I do not think the milk would have been in the throat—I do not think there was sufficient fluid to cause a fit—there was nothing to point to violent death except the two marks—the skin of a child of five months is very tender—if there had been any pressure round the neck I should have expected to find redness or some signs of it; the marks were bruises—I think they had been caused within twenty-four hours; you might say within twelve hours; I could not say nearer than that—this is the first time it has been put to me about the brace over the mouth having caused death; the slipping of a pillow or blanket would have been sufficient without the brace—I have examined the brace; there is a slight stain on the outside from ink.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The actual cause of death, I think, was suffocation—the neck must have been grasped by some agent, so as to constrict and cause those marks; there was a mark of two thumbs—to cause suffocation the brace must have been held there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-150" type="surname" value="BALL,"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-150" type="given" value="WILLIAM MONTAGUE"/>WILLIAM MONTAGUE BALL, M. D</persName> </hi>. I live at Croxley House, Hounslow—I have attended the prisoner for about eleven years—in October, 1880, he had an accident from a fall in the course of his employment as a carpenter—I attended him down to November, 1880; I saw him on and off after that, but I did not attend him again professionally until 1889—I cannot say that I saw any change in him—in June, 1889, I was again called to attend him, for an epileptic fit—I attended him for three or four days, he got better and went back to work—on 15th March, 1890, he had another epileptic fit, on 1st May another, on 13th July another, and also on 22nd September and 16th December—after that he remained, away from his employment for some considerable time, he went back to it about 13th February this year; between those dates I attended him for disease of the nose—he was not strange at that time, he was in his ordinary health—I talked to him, and he answered perfectly rationally—I should hardly say his mind was unhinged down to that time, only after the fits; after the fit he was always in a profound state of melancholy, you could hardly get any answers out of him the next day; the melancholy would gradually go off, till he began work again, each day he would get better, it averaged about three or four days as a rule—I believe I saw him this year, he used to come to my surgery—I did not notice anything peculiar about him then—a man subject to fits one might come on at any time, there would be a tendency to melancholia without actual fits—during the fits a patient is quite irresponsible for what he says and does—while that condition lasted he would be unanswerable for what he said and did.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew him as a most respectable man and an</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090026"/>
<p>affectionate husband and father—he complained of pains in his head and feeling rather funny.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-151" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-151" type="given" value="PHILIP FRANCIS"/>PHILIP FRANCIS GILBERT</persName> </hi>. I am surgeon of Her Majesty Prison at Holloway—the prisoner has been confined there since 19th February—from that time down to yesterday I have had him under my observation—on his admission I made an examination of him in order to arrive at his condition of mind—he was very depressed; I thought him suffering from melancholia—he was dazed and confused—he did not know where he was, and he had no idea of the flight of time—he did not know how long he had been there, or how long he was to stay—he complained of sleeplessness—that is very often the case in melancholia—he said at times he felt so miserable that he contemplated suicide; that often accompanies melancholia—he said he had thought the night before this occurrence that the child was cold and dead—he said he was very fond of the child—he has improved during his confinement; he is rational now, but is still very depressed—he fits apart, and is disinclined to conversa
<lb/>tion; takes no interest in what is going on—in my opinion he is not now of sound mind; I do not think he is altogether capable of dis
<lb/>tinguishing between right and wrong—on 19th February I think he was incapable of appreciating the nature and quality of any act he did—I have heard Mr. Ball's evidence—I have no doubt that the prisoner is an epileptic subject—I agree with Mr. Ball that melancholia almost in
<lb/>variably follows an attack of epilepsy, and that during and after such an attack the patient is irresponsible for what he says and does.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Persons in the condition described sometimes think themselves guilty of crimes which they have not committed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18910309-286-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-286-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-286-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the act, but being insane at the time</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910309-286-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-286-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-286-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-286-18910309 t18910309-286-punishment-33"/>To be detained until Her Majesty's pleasure be known</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-287">
<interp inst="t18910309-287" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-287" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-287-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18910309 t18910309-287-offence-1 t18910309-287-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-287-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18910309 t18910309-287-offence-2 t18910309-287-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-287-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-287-18910309" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18910309" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18910309" type="surname" value="WICKENSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18910309" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH WICKENSON</hi> (24)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18910309-287-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-287-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-287-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/> for and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of her newly born child.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. F. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution offered no evidence on this charge</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-287-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-287-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-287-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18910309-287-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-287-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-287-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner for unlawful endeavouring to conceal the birth of the said child. To this she</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-287-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-287-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-287-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t18910309-287-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-287-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-287-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18910309 t18910309-287-punishment-34"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognisances.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, March</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1891.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-288">
<interp inst="t18910309-288" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-288" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-288-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-288-18910309 t18910309-288-offence-1 t18910309-288-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-288-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-288-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18910309" type="surname" value="PERRYMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18910309" type="given" value="CHARLES WILBRAHAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WILBRAHAM PERRYMAN</hi>, Unlawfully</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-288-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-288-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-288-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/> writing and publishing three libels of and concerning
<persName id="t18910309-name-154" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-154" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-154" type="given" value="GEORGE AUGUSTUS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-288-offence-1 t18910309-name-154"/>George Augustus Moore</persName>, to which he had pleaded a justification.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COCK</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">on behalf of the prisoner, offered no evidence on the plea of justification, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MURPHY</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence against the prisoner upon the indictment.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-288-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-288-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-288-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-289">
<interp inst="t18910309-289" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-289" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-289-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-289-18910309 t18910309-289-offence-1 t18910309-289-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-289-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-289-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18910309" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18910309" type="surname" value="CAINE"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18910309" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL CAINE</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-289-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-289-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-289-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>. Robbery, with violence, on
<persName id="t18910309-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-156" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-156" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-289-offence-1 t18910309-name-156"/>Charles William Martin</persName>, and stealing £1 10s.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MOORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-157" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-157" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-157" type="given" value="HARLES WILLIAM"/>HARLES WILLIAM MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I live at 29, Filmer Road, Fulham, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090027"/>
<p>am a watchmaker—about half-past three p.m. on 16th February I was in Gravel Lane—I went into a public-house and got a drink, and then crossed to the urinal—the prisoner and another man, who were in the public-house, followed me—the prisoner put his arm round my shoulder while the other man rifled my right-hand trousers pocket, and took about thirty-five shillings that was loose there—I felt my breast pocket go, and then I felt the other one go—I turned round and tried to hit the first one, and the prisoner turned and hustled me as I was going out of the door—I told him he need not go, and caught hold of him, and then a constable crossed over, and I gave the prisoner in charge—I was not quite sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I did not see you in the Clerkenwell Road—I did not ask you to have a drink—I hardly remember what I was doing—I had a drink about eleven a.m., but I did not con
<lb/>tinue drinking till dinner time, when I met my brother and had several drinks with him—between half-past two and half-past three I went into two or three public-houses—we did not go into this public-house together—I was not with you in another public-house previously—I do not know the name of the man you were with, I was not calling him Charlie, I am a stranger round there—the urinal only holds three, I think; you were on one side of me, and the other man on the other; I tried to run for the other man—I did not say before the constable came up, "That man has taken my money, and you know some
<lb/>thing about it"—I charged you with helping the other man—I only took you by the arm; the constable was then in sight, crossing the road—I did not say I lost £1 10s.—I was not hurt in any way.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I saw the two men in the public-house they were on the best of terms, I should say; they knew one another—they were talking together, and I should say they were drinking together—I was not right down drunk, but if I take two or three glasses it soon gets over me, as I am not in the habit of drinking.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-158" type="surname" value="RUDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-158" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RUDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 130). At five o'clock on 16th February I saw Martin holding the prisoner by the sleeve of his coat in Beecham Street, Leather Lane, Holborn—I went up; the prosecutor said, "I shall charge this man for robbing me; he put his arms round my shoulders while the other man took the money out of my pocket"—I asked the prisoner what he had to say about it—he said, "I did not take the money, the other man"—I could get no description of. the other man; he did not say the other man ran away—Martin had been drinking; he was quite capable of knowing what he was doing—I charged the prisoner, who was sober; he made no answer—I was about one hundred yards from the urinal, not in sight of it, and I did not see the three people together—my attention was attracted by seeing Martin holding the prisoner twenty or thirty yards from the urinal, and about one hundred yards from the public house—the urinal is about fifty yards from the public-house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said he was drinking with the prosecutor from half-past two, and that the third man showed them the way to the urinal; that when he came out he saw the third man running away, and that he asked the prosecu
<lb/>tor what was the matter, and was told the prosecutor had been robbed.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18910309-289-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-289-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-289-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of robbery.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in March</hi>, 1883.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910309-289-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-289-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-289-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-289-18910309 t18910309-289-punishment-35"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-290">
<interp inst="t18910309-290" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-290" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-290-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-290-18910309 t18910309-290-offence-1 t18910309-290-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-290-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-290-18910309 t18910309-290-offence-1 t18910309-290-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090028"/>
<persName id="def1-290-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-290-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18910309" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18910309" type="surname" value="ELLIOT"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18910309" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES ELLIOT</hi> (16)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-290-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-290-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-290-18910309" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-290-18910309" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-290-18910309" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY NEWMAN</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-290-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-290-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-290-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18910309-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-161" type="surname" value="JACOBSEN"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-161" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-290-offence-1 t18910309-name-161"/>Louis Jacobsen</persName>, and stealing his watch.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEMAITRE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-162" type="surname" value="JACOBSEN"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-162" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS JACOBSEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I live at 8, Sandringham Road, Dalston, and am a journeyman butcher—on a Sunday in February, about three o'clock, I was in High Street, Shoreditch—when going home three men overtook me, chaffed and laughed, and asked me the time—I said, "It is three o'clock"—I had a watch and chain on; I did not pull it out—when I saw they were having a lark with me I crossed on to the other side of the road—two of them followed me across the road—Elliot pulled out my watch, and knocked me down on the ground—I felt very dazed—as soon as I recovered I saw two ladies following who had seen the thing; I and they went up to a policeman and told him what had happened—Newman was only laughing and chaffing with the others, but he did not cross the road with them; he remained on the other side—I was sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Elliot.</hi> I did not see my chain and sovereign case in the road—you pulled out my watch and chain, and I ran at once to look for a policeman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Newman.</hi> You followed at first and laughed, but you did not touch me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-163" type="surname" value="HASKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-163" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HASKETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 272). On 15th February, at 3 p.m., I was on duty in Shoreditch—the prosecutor made complaint to me—I went as far as Old Street—the prosecutor pointed with his finger to the prisoners, who were close together, and with other persons, about 100 yards off—when we were about fifty yards off they both ran away—I called the assistance of Diprose, and we pursued them through several streets—they ran into St. George's Square, Hoxton, through No. 2 Block, Mathews' Buildings, and climbed over a fence about eight feet high—Diprose followed them into the rear of No. 1 Block—I went in at the front entrance, and saw the prisoners run upstairs—I went up, and I and Diprose found them in w. c. at the top of the building—I took Newman into custody; Diprose took Elliot, who, while in custody, and outside the w. c. door, dropped this little watch on the stairs—it is the subject of another charge—this pawnticket was found on him—we took the prisoners downstairs; the prosecutor was there—he said they were the men, and we took them to the station; they were charged—Newman said nothing—I chased them about 300 or 400 yards—they did not live in the Buildings.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-164" type="surname" value="DIPROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-164" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DIPROSE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi> 83). I was in Union Street when Haskett made a statement to me, and at the same time pointed out the two prisoners, who were standing on the pavement in Old Street, forty or fifty yards away—they at once ran away—I followed them over a fence, and afterwards found them in the w. c., Elliot pretended to be doing up his trousers; he had not had time even to undo them—Newman was behind the door—when I took Elliot outside he put his hand inside his waistcoat pocket and took some
<lb/>thing out—I took hold of his arm, and asked him what he had got—he said, "Nothing," and dropped this watch—in answer to the charge at the station Elliot said he knew nothing about this watch—the prisoners made no answer to the present charge—I found this pawnbrokers ticket on Elliot—he said he had pawned the article himself for a friend.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090029"/>
<hi rend="italic">Elliot, in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defines, said he saw the prosecutor throw his chain and sovereign purse into the road.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Newman said he ran because other people ran.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-165" type="surname" value="JACOBSEN"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-165" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS JACOBSEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I had looked at my watch five minutes before the prisoners spoke to me; my coat was open—I was knocked down from behind, and felt hurt.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEWMAN</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-290-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-290-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-290-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLIOT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-290-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-290-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-290-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in June</hi>, 1889.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910309-290-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-290-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-290-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-290-18910309 t18910309-290-punishment-36"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-291">
<interp inst="t18910309-291" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-291" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-291-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18910309 t18910309-291-offence-1 t18910309-291-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-291-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-291-18910309 t18910309-291-offence-1 t18910309-291-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-291-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-291-18910309 t18910309-291-offence-1 t18910309-291-verdict-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="def1-291-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-291-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18910309" type="surname" value="CAUSTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18910309" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CAUSTON</persName>,
<persName id="def2-291-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-291-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-291-18910309" type="surname" value="CHANDLER"/>
<interp inst="def2-291-18910309" type="given" value="GEORGE"/> GEORGE CHANDLER</persName> </hi>, and
<persName id="def3-291-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-291-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-291-18910309" type="surname" value="HYDE"/>
<interp inst="def3-291-18910309" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERBERT HYDE</hi>,</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-291-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-291-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-291-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18910309-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-169" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-169" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-291-offence-1 t18910309-name-169"/>Edward Fisher</persName>, and stealing 3s.</rs> Causton and Hyde
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-291-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-291-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-291-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-170" type="surname" value="FRITH"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-170" type="given" value="KEITH"/>MR. KEITH FRITH</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-171" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-171" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD FISHER</persName> </hi>. I am a dealer, living at 7, Eagle Place, Mile End—on Sunday night, 1st March, I was in the Whitechapel Road—the three prisoners came up; Chandler caught me by the right arm, Causton by the left arm, and Hyde by the collar—they pulled me to the ground, and Causton put his hand into my pocket and took the money out—I was left on the ground, I called out "Police!"—Constable Elliott came and took hold of Causton, who struggled to get away, and Hyde and Chandler tried to get Causton away—I daresay between 200 and 300 people were there; I was hustled about—another constable came up and asked me what was the matter—Chandler had gone; I made a complaint—I was charged with being drunk and disorderly—I had known Chandler about four months—I had spoken to him once—I am positive he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examines by the Prisoner.</hi> I had no opportunity of giving you in charge; you left go of me before the constable came.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I gave no description of him when I went to the station; I gave a description of him on Monday morning when the constable came to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-172" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-172" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ELLIOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">H</hi> 140). At a quarter-past eleven p.m. on 1st March I heard cries of "Police!" and went in the direction, and saw the prosecutor lying on his back, being held down by the three prisoners—I saw Causton's left hand in the prosecutor's waistcoat pocket—as soon as they caught sight of me they made off—I went after Causton and caught him—he said, "It was not me"—he turned and gave me a kick on the left leg, and struck me on the chest and head also—presently Hyde came up and made a statement—Causton and Hyde got away—I have known Chandler before; I have not the least doubt he is the man I saw holding the prosecutor down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-173" type="surname" value="MEW"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-173" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MEW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Plain Clothes Constable J</hi>). On 3rd March, having received a description, I took Chandler into custody, and told him he would he charged with being concerned with two other men with stealing three shillings from the person of Edward Fisher, and I said I should take him to the station on that charge—he said, "I know nothing about it; I was there; I can tell you the man that did do it"—he did not tell me who the man was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When you were brought in to be identified Causton said, "I and Hyde did it, but that man (pointing to Chandler) knows nothing about it."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090030"/>
<hi rend="italic">Chandler called the following witnesses.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-174" type="surname" value="CAUSTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-174" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CAUSTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">the Prisoner</hi>). I am a stoker, living at 9, Brick Lane—I know you by sight, but not to be in your company—I was coming along the road and a man called out, "I have been robbed"—I never saw you there, you were not concerned with me—I was drunk at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I and Hyde did not arrange this thing; we were drunk at the time, and did not know what we were doing—there was no violence—I have been convicted as a rogue and vagabond—I was convicted of stealing two and a half years ago—I have been convicted four or fire times, it might be seven.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-175" type="surname" value="MAHER"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-175" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MAHER</persName> </hi>. I am a journeyman painter and house decorator, living at Hewett's Court—we came from the Rodney Road and saw a quarrel; evidently someone had been robbed, as he was complaining to a policeman—there was a crowd of sixty or eighty people—we went on, Causton was arrested, but broke away from the constable—I was in Chandler's company that night till about three in the morning—when we saw the row you I and Kelly went into the Red Cow and then home to supper.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was convicted of theft about a year ago—I have not long been out of gaol—this was the first night I was ever in the prisoner's company; I think I had had one drink with him before—I knew the prosecutor by sight, through his being pointed out to me—I have never seen the prisoner and prosecutor together, although I know now they lived nearly opposite each other for some time—it would be absolutely untrue for Elliott to say that he saw Chandler holding the prosecutor down on the ground on that night; it would be perjury.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said he was walking along with Kelly and Maher, and that they saw this row, but took no part in it.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18910309-291-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-291-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-291-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Causton</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in October</hi>, 1888;
<hi rend="italic">Chandler</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to one in February</hi>, 1890;
<hi rend="italic">and Hyde* to a conviction of mis
<lb/>demeanour in August</hi>, 1886.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAUSTON</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-291-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-291-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-291-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18910309 t18910309-291-punishment-37"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour,</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-291-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-291-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-291-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18910309 t18910309-291-punishment-38"/>
<hi rend="italic"> and Twenty Strokes with the Cat.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HYDE</hi>
<rs id="t18910309-291-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-291-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-291-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-291-18910309 t18910309-291-punishment-39"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour,</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18910309-291-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-291-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-291-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-291-18910309 t18910309-291-punishment-40"/>
<hi rend="italic"> and Twenty Strokes with the Cat.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHANDLER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18910309-291-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-291-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-291-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-291-18910309 t18910309-291-punishment-41"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18910309-292">
<interp inst="t18910309-292" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18910309"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-292" type="date" value="18910309"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-292-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-292-18910309 t18910309-292-offence-1 t18910309-292-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18910309-292-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-292-18910309 t18910309-292-offence-1 t18910309-292-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-292-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-292-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18910309" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18910309" type="surname" value="BIRMINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18910309" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BIRMINGHAM</hi> (26)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-292-18910309" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-292-18910309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-292-18910309" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-292-18910309" type="surname" value="HALEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-292-18910309" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS HALEY</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18910309-292-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-292-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-292-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18910309-name-178" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-178" type="surname" value="STEVENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-178" type="given" value="JOHN RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18910309-292-offence-1 t18910309-name-178"/>John Richard Stevenson</persName>, and stealing thirteen chains and eight watches.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DOUGLAS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-179" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-179" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BOLTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 70, Temple Street, Hackney Road—at a quarter-past nine on a Monday night I was in the Bethnal Green Road, standing outside the shop next to Mr. Stevenson's, a watchmaker's shop, which is opposite to the police-station—the shop was open, with gas burning in the window—I saw the prisoners come and bash the window in, and put their two hands in and take some jewellery out and run down the next turning—it was done very quickly—I had never seen the prisoners before—I ran after them down Ponderson's Gardens, Jude Street, Old Bethnal Green Road, Poyser Street, to a model lodging-house, where they went in—a policeman ran after them too, and he went into the house and told me to keep downstairs in the area—I waited there till the policemen had searched the house—they came down by themselves, and I went with them to Bethnal Green Police-station,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090031"/>
<p>and then I went home—next morning, at ten minutes past nine, I saw the prisoners at the Police-station with a lot more men—I picked Birm
<lb/>ingham out, but not Haley; he is like the other man, but I cannot say if he is him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-180" type="surname" value="ROTHSCHILD"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-180" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>MORRIS ROTHSCHILD</persName> </hi>. I live at 437, Bethnal Green Road—on Monday, 2nd February, about a quarter-past nine, I was at the corner of Ponderson's Wardens, about twelve yards from Stevenson's shop—I saw the prisoners running out of one corner of Ponderson's Gardens, I was at the other corner—I am sure they are the men—I had known both of them for about three years—they had some chains in their hands; they ran round the corner from the shop—I heard nothing before that—I ran after them to the bottom of Ponderson's Gardens, and then lost sight of them—on Tuesday night I was sent for and went to the Police-station, where I picked both prisoners out of a line of men—the chains were dangling down from between the fingers of both men.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Haley.</hi> I did not see anyone else pick you out—I did not say at first I thought you were one—I was only about twelve yards away from you; it is only about twelve yards from Ponderson's Gardens to Stevenson's; from Gull's Gardens to the shop is about thirty yards.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have been to the place since—the two men ran close past me, about a yard ff.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-181" type="surname" value="CORNISH"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-181" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS CORNISH</persName> </hi>. I live at 26, Demlow Street—on Monday, 2nd February, about a quarter or twenty minutes past nine, I was at the top of Ponderson's Gardens, and I noticed between fifty or sixty people run
<lb/>ning round the corner, with the two prisoners running in front—I gave chase a little way round the turning, but I saw I was no use, and I turned back again.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not go to the station that night; I went next morning, and told the police I knew the men that did it; I could have picked you and the other man out of a thousand—I said nothing the same night that it happened—I had previously seen you walking up and down by the Police-station at five minutes past nine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not give my evidence next morning, Mr. Dickenson told me fresh evidence would be taken next week—I gave evidence a week afterwards—on this night I saw the prisoners walking up and down by the Police-station opposite the shop at five minutes past nine—I ran fifty or sixty yards after them—that was about a quarter of an hour after I saw them outside the shop—I was about a hundred yards from the shop then—I saw nothing in their possession.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-182" type="surname" value="STEVENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-182" type="given" value="MARIA"/>MARIA STEVENSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 487, Bethnal Green Road, my brother's shop—on Monday night, 2nd February, I was in the shop—at quarter-past nine as near as possible I heard a tremendous smash; I went round the counter as quickly as I could, and when I got to the door I saw a crowd of people but no one against the window—I saw that all the top part of the middle pane of the window was cleared, the chains had been in the centre—I saw two bricks wrapped in brown paper in front where the ring trays had been, and the ring trays were all pitched back—I missed thirteen gold chains and eight silver watches—I saw a boy pick up one watch, outside the shop, and give it to my brother—one was picked up in Ponderson's Gardens—before I could get round all the things were gone.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090032"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-183" type="surname" value="MEW"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-183" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MEW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective J</hi>). On Monday evening, 2nd February, at twenty-five minutes past nine, I received information about this burglary, and I made inquiries and received a description of the prisoners; as the result, at half-past eleven or twenty minutes to twelve I saw Birmingham walking in Cambridge Road, smoking a cigar, and with two other men—he was the worse for drink, and. eating some fish—I saw him throw a fish-bone at a lady, and I took him into custody, and charged him with being drunk and disorderly; and I said, when that was disposed of, he would be detained on suspicion of having broken the jeweller's window in Bethnal Green Road—he said, "Yes, it is all right this time; but you b—, I shall kill you; I will cut your b—guts out one day"—that was in answer to the charge of burglary—I took him to the station and charged him—I left the station and met an informant, and from what he told me at ten minutes to one I apprehended Haley—I told him I should take him into custody on suspicion of having smashed the jeweller's window in Bethnal Green Road, in company with another man—he said, "It could not be me, I have been in the Camden Head public-house, Bethnal Green Road, all the evening"—the Camden Head is immediately opposite Stevenson's shop, next door to the Police-station—he did not say a word about going to the Belmont Music Hall—Haley was taken to the station and detained, and the following morning the prisoners were both placed with other men; Bolton at once identified Birmingham; but he could not say as to the other one—Birmingham was taken to the Police-court to answer the charge of being drunk and disorderly, and an application was made to the Magistrate to discharge him, in order that he might be re-arrested and brought back on this charge—between six and seven the same evening the prisoners were placed among eight or nine other men, and Rothschild identified them—when charged they made no answer—I communicated with Cornish, and met him at the door of the Police-court; he was there to be examined; but the case was remanded, and he was examined on 11th February—I have traced this plan from the parish map hanging in our office—the Belmont Music Hall is about 600 yards from the shop—I could run it in about two minutes—the constable who saw the boy at the dwellings is in the hospital—this watch was found in Ponderson's Gardens, where the prisoners are alleged to have run.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Birmingham.</hi> When I arrested you for burglary you made use of that threat—I don't know anything against you; I know you are a bad character.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Haley.</hi> I did not see you at half-past seven in the Salmon and Ball; I was about 250 yards off—two men were brought in to see if they could identify you, and they described you—I got my in
<lb/>formation from an informer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-184" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-184" type="surname" value="MULLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-184" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA MULLINGS</persName> </hi>. I live at 34, Ponderson Gardens, which runs into the Bethnal Green Road, close to Stevenson's shop—my husband is a stationer's assistant at Waterlow's—the next morning, after this shop window was smashed, I found a watch in the roadway in Ponderson's Gardens—I took it to Miss Stevenson. (
<hi rend="italic">Miss Stevenson was re-called, and identified the watch</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Birmingham.</hi> A cart wheel had been over the watch by the look of it—I heard a cry of "Thief," and saw a lot of people running.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090033"/>
<hi rend="italic">Haley, in his statement before the Magistrate, said he was at the Belmont Music Hall all the evening.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Haley called the following witnesses.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-185" type="surname" value="THORP"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-185" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH THORP</persName> </hi>. I live at 8, Gower's Gardens, Bethnal Green, and am a labourer—on the night of 2nd February we were outside the Bel
<lb/>mont Music Hall at a quarter to nine; the door for the second house opens at a few minutes to nine; then we went inside, and we stopped there till a few minutes after eleven.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was working with the prisoner that day up to six p.m.—I was with Haley from eight o'clock that night; he lives about five minutes' walk from me—he went to have tea about seven, and then I met him about eight; we went to the Camden Head; we left there about a quarter past eight, I noticed the time, and we went straight to the Belmont—we did not spend the evening at the Camden Head—we got into the Belmont, and I and a few more men were making a noise, and they turned us out at a few minutes after nine—I went to the manager of the hall and told him I was turned out, and he asked me what for, and I told him, and got re-admitted again and joined Haley—I got back into the music-hall about a quarter past nine, I was only out a few minutes—we spent the rest of the evening drinking in front of the bar, and seeing what came on the stage, till a few minutes after eleven—from a few minutes to nine to eleven I was inside or outside the Belmont Music Hall in his company—I work at the London Docks.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-186" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-186" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER JOHNSON</persName> </hi>. I am an attendant at the Belmont Music Hall, and live at 8, Well Street, Hackney—I saw you on Monday, 2nd February, at from nine to five minutes past nine in the hall, and you left a little after eleven—another attendant turned your friend out, and he was re-admitted by the manager's consent about a quarter or twenty minutes past nine, and remained till eleven o'clock—other check-takers saw you there; they are not here—the hall was opened at a quarter to nine—there was a disturbance in the pit—Thorp was saucy when I asked him to move up, and I put him against the bar, and he said something to another assistant and he was turned out: he asked the manager to re-admit him, and he was re-admitted—that took about ten minutes—I noticed you at the bar drinking when I spoke to Thorp—as I came backwards and forwards I saw you; I am perfectly certain you did not leave the hall—you were not turned out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen Haley at the hall before, but not Bir
<lb/>mingham—I have not seen them together at other times; I don't know anything about them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-187" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-187" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HILL</persName> </hi>. I live at 129, Phyllis Road, Bethnal Green, and am a dock labourer—on the 2nd February you were at work with me in the Eastern Dock; we came home at six—I met you at five minutes to nine outs-de the Belmont, we went in and remained there till five minutes to eleven, or a few minutes later.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I met him a few minutes to nine, just as the house was going to open, and was with him there till eleven, I am sure—he sat down for two or three minutes, and then Thorp, who was sitting there, had some words with one of the keepers, and they turned him out; I stood at the bar with Haley; Thorp was re admitted, and we were there together till the house closed—I am not a friend of the prisoner, I only know him by living in the neighbourhood—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090034"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-188" type="surname" value="MEW"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-188" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MEW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective J</hi>). On Monday evening, 2nd February, it twenty-five minutes past nine, I received information about this burglary, and I made inquiries and received a description of the prisoners; as the result, at half-past eleven or twenty minutes to twelve I saw Birmingham walking in Cambridge Road, smoking a cigar, and with two other men—he was the worse for drink, and. eating some fish—I saw him throw a fish-bone at a lady, and I took him into custody, and charged him with being drunk and disorderly; and I said, when that was disposed of, he would be detained on suspicion of having broken the jeweller's window in Bethnal Green Road—he said, "Yes, it is all right this time; but you b----, I shall kill you; I will cut your b----guts out one day"—that was in answer to the charge of burglary—I took him to the station and charged him—I left the station and met an informant, and from what he told me at ten minutes to one I apprehended Haley—I told him I should take him into custody on suspicion of having smashed the jeweller's window in Bethnal Green Road, in company with another man—he said, "It could not be me, I have been in the Camden Head public-house, Bethnal Green Road, all the evening"—the Camden Head is immediately opposite Stevenson's shop, next door to the Police-station—he did not say a word about going to the Belmont Music Hall—Haley was taken to the station and detained, and the following morning the prisoners were both placed with other men; Bolton at once identified Birmingham; but he could not say as to the other one—Birmingham was taken to the Police-court to answer the charge of being drunk and dis
<lb/>orderly, and an application was made to the Magistrate to discharge him, in order that he might be re-arrested and brought back on this charge—between six and seven the same evening the prisoners were placed among eight or nine other men, and Rothschild identified them—when charged they made no answer—I communicated with Cornish, and met him at the door of the Police-court; he was there to be examined; but the case was remanded, and he was examined on 11th February—I have traced this plan from the parish map hanging in our office—the Belmont Music Hall is about 600 yards from the shop—I could run it in about two minutes—the constable who saw the boy at the dwellings is in the hospital—this watch was found in Ponderson's Gardens, where the prisoners are alleged to have run.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Birmingham.</hi> When I arrested you for burglary you made use of that threat—I don't know anything against you; I know you are a bad character.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Haley.</hi> I did not see you at half-past seven in the Salmon and Ball; I was about 250 yards off—two men were brought in to see if they could identity you, and they described you—I got my in
<lb/>formation from an informer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-189" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-189" type="surname" value="MULLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-189" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA MULLINGS</persName> </hi>. I live at 34, Ponderson Gardens, which runs into the Bethnal Green Road, close to Stevenson's shop—my husband is a stationer's assistant at Waterlow's—the next morning, after this shop window was smashed, I found a watch in the roadway in Ponderson's Gardens—I took it to Miss Stevenson. (
<hi rend="italic">Miss Stevenson was re-called, and identified the watch</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Birmingham.</hi> A cart wheel had been over the watch by the look of it—I heard a cry of "Thief," and saw a lot of people running.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090035"/>
<hi rend="italic">Haley, in his statement before the Magistrate, said he was at the Belmont Music Hall all the evening.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Haley called the following witnesses.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-190" type="surname" value="THORP"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-190" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH THORP</persName> </hi>. I live at 8, Gower's Gardens, Bethnal Green, and am a labourer—on the night of 2nd February we were outside the Bel
<lb/>mont Music Hall at a quarter to nine; the door for the second house opens at a few minutes to nine; then we went inside, and we stopped there till a few minutes after eleven.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was working with the prisoner that day up to six p.m.—I was with Haley from eight o'clock that night; he lives about five minutes' walk from me—he went to have tea about seven, and then I met him about eight; we went to the Camden Head; we left there about a quarter past eight, I noticed the time, and we went straight to the Belmont—we did not spend the evening at the Camden Head—we got into the Belmont, and I and a few more men were making a noise, and they turned us out at a few minutes after nine—I went to the manager of the hall and told him I was turned out, and he asked me what for, and I told him, and got re-admitted again and joined Haley—I got back into the music-hall about a quarter past nine, I was only out a few minutes—we spent the rest of the evening drinking in front of the bar, and seeing what came on the stage, till a few minutes after eleven—from a few minutes to nine to eleven I was inside or outside the Belmont Music Hall in his company—I work at the London Docks.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-191" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-191" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER JOHNSON</persName> </hi>. I am an attendant at the Belmont Music Hall, and live at 8, Well Street, Hackney—I saw you on Monday, 2nd February, at from nine to five minutes past nine in the hall, and you left a little after eleven—another attendant turned your friend out, and he was re-admitted by the manager's consent about a quarter or twenty minutes past nine, and remained till eleven o'clock—other check-takers saw you there; they are not here—the hall was opened at a quarter to nine—there was a disturbance in the pit—Thorp was saucy when I asked him to move up, and I put him against the bar, and he said something to another assistant and he was turned out: he asked the manager to re-admit him, and he was re-admitted—that took about ten minutes—I noticed you at the bar drinking when I spoke to Thorp—as I came backwards and forwards I saw you; I am perfectly certain you did not leave the hall—you were not turned out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen Haley at the hall before, but not Bir
<lb/>mingham—I have not seen them together at other times; I don't know anything about them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-192" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-192" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HILL</persName> </hi>. I live at 129, Phyllis Road, Bethnal Green, and am a dock labourer—on the 2nd February you were at work with me in the Eastern Dock; we came home at six—I met you at five minutes to nine outside the Belmont, we went in and remained there till five minutes to eleven, or a few minutes later.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I met him a few minutes to nine, just as the house was going to open, and was with him there till eleven, I am sure—he sat down for two or three minutes, and then Thorp, who was sitting there, had some words with one of the keepers, and they turned him out; I stood at the bar with Haley; Thorp was re admitted, and we were there together till the house closed—I am not a friend of the prisoner, I only know him by living in the neighbourhood—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189103090036"/>
<p>I do not know Birmingham—if anybody said Haley was seen near Stevenson's shop at a quarter past nine, he is telling a false
<lb/>hood—I have been convicted once—I was convicted of being drunk and disorderly, I was discharged on my own recognisances—I have had several rows with the police—I got two months for assaulting the police—I had four months for stealing a watch from the person.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-193" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-193" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ANDREWS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">J</hi> 45). I saw you go into the Belmont at half-past nine, as near as I could say; others were going in at the same time—people go in later than half-past nine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was special duty at the door of the hall; the second house opens at a quarter past nine, and the late door at nine—I was inside at a little before nine, the doors were shut; both doors are at the same place—I saw Haley go in—I did not see him before nine—I saw Thorp—I do not remember seeing him go in—I assisted to eject Thorp, that was past half-past nine—I did not notice Thorp when I saw Haley go in at half-past nine—Haley did not go into the hall before half-past nine, as near as I can say—I do not know Birmingham.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Another policeman pointed you out to me as you went in.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners in their defence asserted their innocence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18910309-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18910309-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-194" type="surname" value="CORNISH"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-name-194" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS CORNISH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>). When I saw the prisoners at five minutes past nine, opposite the shop, they looked perfectly sober—I did not notice that they were carrying anything.</p>
<rs id="t18910309-292-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18910309-292-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18910309-292-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<hi rend