<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
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<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, September 8th, 1890, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON. SIR</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-1" type="surname" value="ISAACS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-1" type="given" value="HENRY AARON"/>HENRY AARON ISAACS</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
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<interp inst="t18900908-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-2" type="surname" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-2" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR CHARLES</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18900908-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-3" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-3" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH RENALS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-4" type="surname" value="WILKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-4" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>WALTER HENRY WILKIN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
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<persName id="t18900908-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-5" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-5" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HART</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
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<persName id="t18900908-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-6" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-6" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-7" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-7" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., D.C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
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<persName id="t18900908-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-8" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-8" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
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<persName id="t18900908-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-9" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-9" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>WALTER HENRY HARRIS</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriff's.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK KYNASTON METCALFE</hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-10" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-10" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAACS, MAYOR. ELEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, September</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-634-18900908" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM THEODORE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WILLIAM THEODORE OELRICHS</hi> (29)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18900908-634-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-634-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-634-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> for feloniously and fraudulently affixing on a piece of paper a stamp, purporting to be of the value of £1 5s., which had been removed from another piece of paper.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, for aiding and abetting in the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TICKELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-12" type="surname" value="MERRIMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-12" type="given" value="SEPTIMUS"/>SEPTIMUS MERRIMAN</persName> </hi>. I am the manager in London of the marine department of the National Fire and Marine Insurance Company of New Zealand, and of the South British Fire and Marine Insurance Company of New Zealand—I was also manager of the Adelaide Marine and Fire Insurance Company, which is now in liquidation—I was appointed manager in October, 1886; my office was at Jerusalem Chambers—there was an arrangement between the companies to share risks outwards to the Colonies—at the end of every month the policies of re-insurance were made, dividing the risks; that arrangement continued up to June with reference to two of the companies—the prisoner has been employed in the office for the last six years; he was head policy clerk—his duty was to write out policies, and to check them by seeing that proper stamps were on them, and that the necessary clauses were in the policies—the stamps vary according to the amount of the risk—that was with reference to outward voyage policies at any rate—this Policy of 6th April, 1890, No. 108,836A, made on behalf of the South British Company, has £3 12s. 9d. payable as stamp duty, and it bears stamps for £1 5s., £1, 2s. 6d., and 3d.—they are genuine stamps, two bearing date 15th February, 1887, and one 28th January, 1887—they have been used before on another paper—this letter of 11th April, 1890, is in the prisoner's writing—I did not authorise it to be written, and know nothing about it—I never received the £4 15 3d. mentioned here us received for spoiled stamps. (
<hi rend="italic">This letter, written on paper of the South British Company, was addressed to the Comptroller of the Spoiled Stamp Department</hi>:—"This is to authorise the bearer, Mr. F. W. T, Oelrichs, to recover the spoiled stamps of the value of £4 15s. 3d. on policy forms</p>
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<p>of the above company.—Yours faithfully, S. Merriman"—my name was spelt wrongly—the prisoner was in no way authorised to recover money for spoiled stamps—I know nothing about this declaration which is signed by the prisoner; the receipt at the foot of it for £4 15s. 3d. for spoiled stamps is signed by him—the declaration is a Government form—one of the stamps is for £3 12s. 9d.—I produce thirty-one policies altogether, which have all been tampered with; there are two other policies missing; there should be thirty-three—all the other policies are in order—from eighteen of the thirty-one policies stamps have been removed, and on those eighteen other stamps have been put—upon the other thirteen of the thirty-one the stamps removed from the eighteen have been placed—about 24th June I saw two or three policies, after they were taken out of the clause-box, I believe—these two letters, dated 9th July, 1889, and 17th May, 1890, are in the prisoner's writing—they were not written by my authority—he has never accounted to me for the stamps he so claimed. (
<hi rend="italic">The letter of</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th May, written on paper of the South British Company, Limited, authorised the bearer, Mr. F. W, T. Oelrichs, to recover spoiled stamps of the value of</hi> £2
<hi rend="italic">on policy forms of the company, and was signed S. Merriman</hi>)—this is a receipt for £2—the prisoner never accounted to me for it—the letter of July, 1889, refers, I believe, to £4 15s. 6d. which he has claimed—it refers to a stamp which had been obtained for a National Company's policy, No. 115,465A, dated 11th July, 1889, duty £4 15s. 6d.—it is stamped with five stamps amounting to £4 15s. 6d.—of that stamps for £4 5s. have been taken from other material; only the stamps for 10s. 6d. are right—in June this year I spoke to the prisoner about the tampering with these stamps, and said it was a very serious matter, and it would have to be investigated—he said he knew nothing about them, with the exception of one stamp, which had been pointed out to him by Mr. Wardell nearly a year ago—I said I should request him to write a letter, which I could read to the board—he wrote this letter:—"8th July, 1890—Sir—As I understand that my conduct in connection with the unfortunate stamp business is to be considered by the directors at their meeting to-morrow, I would beg that you place before them this, my explanation. As regards the occasion, about a year ago, when the faulty stamp was pointed out to me, my reason for not saying anything at the time to you was a fear of the consequences; the same having been passed by mo, my initials being on the policy, which I am very sorry for; but I still more regret that, notwithstanding increased care on my part, a stamp, but only one, passed me within the last few months, which has since been proved to be a wrong one. As an excuse I plead that I had not the slightest idea of what was being carried on, and would beg the board to take a lenient view of the matter, at the same time promising for the future to work with the utmost caution. I remain, Sir, your obedient servant, F. W. T. Oelrichs"—both the policies, with stamps value £4 5s. 3d. and £3 12s. 9d., are in the prisoner's writing, and several other of the thirty-one policies are in his writing—I believe they all bear his initials as being correct, and as having been examined—on or about 24th June I received a verbal communication from Mr. Nichols, a clerk in the office, and he showed me two policies which had been found in the clause-box, and the stamps of which had been tampered with—I made a report to my board—on 30th June I</p>
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<p>communicated with the Inland Revenue—the clause-box was open, and common property—one, two, or three policy-writers all go to it and take out what clauses they want.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> A clerk named Magrath had charge of all policy stamps under lock and key—he kept a monthly account of the stamps with the accountant—he was dismissed with two other clerks, about the end of May or June this year, for inattention to work—all three occasionally wrote out policies; I should say one was the regular policy-writer, and the other two assistants—one of them, Hanbury, was a very good writer—I cannot say if his handwriting was like yours; all your writings in a way were alike, but I never compared his with yours—when Magrath was leaving, a discrepancy in his balance of stamps was discovered—he was taxed with it, and made a confession—he said he had recovered spoilt stamps from Winchester House—he said nothing about Somerset House—he said he had recovered postage stamps, and appropriated them to his own use, without accounting to the company, that he had appropriated money to his own use on postage stamps—he was appointed in 1887—he did not admit it had teen going on for two or three years past, but I have since ascertained that it has—the matter was reported to the directors, and Magrath was requested to attend for two or three board days while the directors were considering his case—then he was requested to attend on a particular board day, but he never had the letter, as it was returned to me from the Dead Letter Office—it was not an open secret in the office that the board would overlook his matter; the board took legal advice, and were advised not to prosecute—I think Nichols found those other matters, and called my attention to them on the Tuesday before the board meeting—on Wednesday when I reported to them it made the matter look blacker for Magrath—suspicion rested on him on the Wednesday—he did not turn up at the board meeting on that day—I wrote on the Tuesday night to tell him to be in attendance next day; he was still in the company's employment—the letter was returned from the Dead Letter Office on Wednesday afternoon, after the board had left—he wrote a letter, which came on the Wednesday afternoon; it gave no address, and said he had given up his apartments—he never appeared at the office, and we did not know his address—he never came to offer any explanation—I am told he has been seen in the City—the old policies were kept where anyone could get at them—one of the amounts you are charged with recovering at Somerset House is for £2, which does not refer to these insurance policies—you simply had to get stamps from Magrath for the purpose of writing out a policy, spoil them and take them to Somerset House—you might have gone to the box itself and taken out stamps; if Magrath had balanced his account at the end of every month, as he ought to have done, he would have found deficiency if there had been deficiency—Magrath ought to have kept his accounts, so that we should know what stamps and money he ought to have, but he did not keep it properly, and there is considerable deficiency now for over three years—we had such confidence in you, that Magrath or anyone in the office would have given you stamps if you had asked for them—you had a great many policies to check, as well as writing out some; some days you had more than others—it was known in the office that detectives were at work in Somerset House; they came</p>
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<p>to the office and examined most of our clerks—you made no attempt to get away—your character has been good for six and a half years—in every respect you gave me every satisfaction, and did your work well; I had no fault to find with you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Magrath was a copyist, and had charge of the stamps—he was registered at Winchester House to recover for spoilt stamps, and therefore it was not necessary for him to get any special authority, such as these letters, from us—these authorities are in the prisoner's writing—when I communicated with the Inland Revenue I was not aware my name had been forged—I have never seen the letters, nor the declarations, nor receipts—the signature to the receipt for £2 to the South British Company is in the prisoner's writing—Magrath expressed great astonishment that the amount of the deficiency was so large—the Government puts the stamps on policies; they issue them with the stamp—we have a fresh stock every month—some stamps are embossed and some are adhesive—all the stamps removed in this way were adhesive, and could be taken off and used for any policies they liked—on this policy of 11th July, 1889, the stamps are of the date of 1887, and have been taken off a missing policy—the company have paid for new stamps, and instead of new stamps being used, stamps have been removed from other policies and put on to the right amount—the Government and the company have been defrauded—we send blank policy forms to the Government office to have stamps put on—the blue printing ought to go over and not under the stamp; if it goes under the stamp it shows the stamp was put on afterwards—Government officials would not put the stamp over it—we have £60 or £70 of stamps in stock—the penny stamp is dated 6th May, 1890, and the policy is of the 4th July, 1887—the stamp must have been cut off—the risks have run off these policies, and they are kept in a box together.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner.</hi> There was nothing to prevent Magrath from transferring a stamp from an old policy, and putting it on a fresh one; but you ought to have detected it—it was ascertained that he had been at our office on one or two occasions on Sunday; one of the clerks happened to be there once, when he was there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-13" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-13" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ADAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the secretary's office, Inland Revenue Department, Somerset House—I am engaged in the assessment of duties on policies of marine insurance—I am well acquainted with the system of stamping—every marine insurance policy over 3s. 6d. has to be stamped, according to the amount of the insurance, at the Inland Revenue Office, before execution—people bring blank papers, and we stamp them at the office—we don't issue stamps which they can affix—I have examined these thirty-one policies, and I have prepared this statement as to them; it is correct—it shows the duties payable, and the stamps required—the first part has reference to eighteen policies which were stamped properly, but from which stamps have been removed—I found on the other thirteen policies the stamps corresponding individually in value to the stamps with which the eighteen ought to have been stamped—with the exception of two stamps, which are said to have been obtained from missing policies, the stamps correspond in amount and value—the policy of the South British Company, No. 101,127, of 14th February, 1887, the duty on which was</p>
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<p>£1 14s. 9d., now bears stamps for 9s. and 9d.—both those bear date 14.2.87, corresponding to the date of the policy—the stamp for £1 5s., the balance of duty, bearing date 4.2.87, has been altered to a stamp for five guineas, and attached to another policy, so that it is both transferred and forged—I came to the conclusion that stamps had been removed from the eighteen and transferred to the thirteen—the stamps on this policy of 6th March, 1890, 108,836A, have been removed from other papers—I came to the conclusion that one stamp for £1 5s., bearing date 27th June, had been removed from a policy of the Adelaide Company, No. 91,517, because it corresponds in date and value; and that two other stamps had been removed from policies No. 110,401 and No. 110,830 of the National Company—for the second and third of those penny stamps had been substituted to cover the vacant place where the stamps were taken from.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-14" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-14" type="given" value="JOHN CLEMENT"/>JOHN CLEMENT BROWN</persName> </hi>. I was junior policy clerk from October, 1883, to August, 1889—it was my duty to write out forms of policies under the prisoner's direction, and to see that stamps on the forms were correct—I wrote out these eighteen policies, and they were put into a basket for the prisoner to examine, and they bear his initials as having examined them—to the best of my belief they were properly stamped before they left my hands—I met the prisoner in the Bengal Restaurant on 12th July, and spoke to him about the unpleasantness that had taken place in the South British Company, and he said it had nothing to do with him, but they had taken the names of all the gentlemen in the office, and that mine had been taken.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The stamps have now been removed from these eighteen policies—they may have been tampered with after they left you—sometimes it was several days after we asked for the stamped policy forms that Magrath gave them to us—that was so in these particular cases—then he put them on the racks of your or my desk, where they were left for several days sometimes before we used them—it would be exceptional if we left them for two or three weeks before making out the policy; sometimes it might have been so—you had a locked desk—Magrath was authorised to issue a stamp on your slip for it—I was absent from the office through a relation being ill, and I was discharged by telegraph.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> After the forms were filled in they got into the prisoner's possession—they were properly stamped, as far as I know, when they left my hands—Magrath would often have no stamped paper sufficient for a policy, and then he would have to send out for it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-15" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-15" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-15" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am cashier of the National and South British Insurance Companies—Magrath was clerk in charge of the stamp department—he kept a small stock of stamps for general use, and when a stamp not in stock was required, he made out a docket, which would come to my hands through the messenger Martin—I should give Martin the money to buy the stamp, and he would initial my book for the money, and then get the form stamped—about 21st March, 1890, this docket for a stamp £3 12s. 9d. for the South British Company for reinsurance was brought to me—this is my book with the entry—this is the policy—I gave Martin the money to get it, and he initialled my book—about 29th July, 1889, Martin brought me this docket of that date for</p>
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<p>£4 15s. 6d. for special stamps—I gave him the money, and he initialed my book.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-16" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-16" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I am a messenger in the employment of the South British and the National Companies—it is my business to obtain special stands for policies—I have seen these dockets and my signature in the book—I received the money to get the stamps—I could not state positively if I got these policies stamped with stamps for £3 12s. 9d. and £4 15s. 6d. at the Inland Revenue office—I should do it in the order of business, but if I was out the junior would do it—all the moneys I received for stamps I bought stamps with—I initial the amount stamped on the policy form—I do not see my mark on these forms, but in the ordinary course it would be there—when I got policies stamped I gave them to Magrath.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-17" type="surname" value="BROWNLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-17" type="given" value="EDWIN JOHN"/>EDWIN JOHN BROWNLOW</persName> </hi>. lam a clerk in the Inland Revenue Office, Winchester House—I find that stamps have been put on these thirteen policies which have been removed from other material—they are the wrong colour for the year of the policy among other reasons—we change the colours of stamps occasionally, not every year—I have examined the policies stamped with £4 15s. 6d. and £3 12s. 9d., and I have come to the conclusion that the stamps have been removed from other material.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>, The only changes in stamps that I know were on 12th August, 1887, and in April, 1889—at Great Winchester Street we put embossed stamps in over print; at Somerset House they put the stamp on with a recording press up to three o'clock, after three o'clock combined stamps are put on, and then it is possible you might have two kinds of stamps—you can keep adding the stamps to make up the amount.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-18" type="surname" value="CORNELIUS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-18" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLOUGHBY"/>GEORGE WILLOUGHBY CORNELIUS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the office of the Controller of Stamps, Somerset House, employed in connection with the allowance for spoiled stamps—I am authorised to take declarations that stamps have been spoiled—these three authorities purporting to be signed by Mr. Merriman, and these two declarations for receipts, come from my possession—on 11th April letter D was brought to me, and declaration F was prepared in my presence, and signed by the person bringing the letter—I granted the allowance and handed him postage stamps to the value of £4 15s. 3d.—the declaration includes one stamp of the value of £3 12s. 9d., which was on a marine policy, spoiled material—on 4th July, 1887, I find £4 15s. 6d. is allowed—it is referred to in letter C—all these allowances purport to be made to Mr. Oelrichs, and are signed for by him—payment was made in postage stamps.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not identify you as coming.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-19" type="surname" value="BLYTH"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-19" type="given" value="DAVID HERBERT"/>DAVID HERBERT BLYTH</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the office of the Controller of Stamps, Somerset House—on 17th May letters B and E were produced to me, and I gave postage stamps value £2 to the person who signed the receipt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I do not identify you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-20" type="surname" value="WARDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-20" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWIN"/>GEORGE EDWIN WARDELL</persName> </hi>. I am examiner of claims in the office of the South British and National Companies—these documents B, C, D, E, and F are in the prisoner's writing—the signatures to the declarations and the receipts are in his writing—of the three letters purporting to come from Mr. Merriman two are the prisoner's, the other, "C," I am not sure of—in July last year I had occasion to refer to some marine</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080009"/>
<p>policies—I received a bundle of policies from Mr. Nicholls, among them was No. 114,468A of the National Company—to the best of my belief that policy is in the prisoner's writing—the stamp on it is dated 14th February, 1887, and purports to be of the value of £5 5s.—it has been altered, the word "five" has been let in, I cannot say what it was before—it has been removed from other material—when I discovered this matter, I pointed out to the prisoner that it did not look like the ordinary stamp, and he replied, "Perhaps it is not, but as the policy is my handwriting, and examined by me, let the matter pass, and don't say anything more about it"—I did not say anything more about it till after these proceedings, and then I told the prisoner I was going to mention it; he said there was no occasion to do so, it would only stir up dirty water; I could please myself whether I did so or not—I told Mr. Merriman—after that the prisoner said I had spoken behind his back; it might be a question between his word and mine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not advise me to show this policy with the five-guinea stamp to Magrath when I showed it to you first—I did not show it to Magrath, because you asked me to say nothing about it, and show it to nobody, but let it pass—I put the policy back with the others which were in my possession at the time—you made no attempt to stop me mentioning it to Mr. Merriman—you suggested there was no occasion to do so—you did not try to hush the matter up—after I had spoken to Mr. Merriman you came and wanted to know what had transpired—I was not loath to tell you; I did not tell you freely because you had lost your temper—afterwards I asked you to come out and have a cup of tea, and you came out, so that we could have a chat—in passing a claim I do not always check the stamps on the policy, I glance at the policy and see there is a stamp and read the clauses—I assume it has been properly stamped and examined—it did not occur to me to look at the others in my possession; it did not occur to me that there might have been fraud—I should think the signatures of B, C, and D were written by the same man, I cannot say about the bodies, I am not an expert—I know your writing well; I am not sure of C, but the signatures are all the same—I found out that the five-guinea stamp was wrong by accident, it caught my eye.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The claim was two years old when I looked at it; I was looking for another policy—I saw it bore the prisoner's initials—he is supposed to see if policies are properly stamped.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-21" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-21" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>JOHN JAMES NICHOLLS</persName> </hi>. I have been a clerk in the South British and National offices for about eight years—I am well acquainted with the prisoner's writing—the signatures to these two declarations and receipts and the three authorities purporting to be made by Mr. Merriman are in his writing; two of the authorities are certainly his, the other is, to the best of my belief—on 31st March I prepared a slip for re-insurance by the National Company with the South British, and assessed and entered on it that the stamp duty was £3 12s. 9d.—that risk is insured by the policy No. 108,836A, dated 6th April, 1890, which is in the prisoner's writing—on or about 28th June, 1889, I prepared a slip for re-insurance by the South British with the National Company—I assessed the stamp duty at £4 15s. 6d.—the risk was insured by the policy 115,465A—I prepared all these slips at the end of each month—on 24th June my attention was called to the alteration and removal of stamps—I wanted a clause for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080010"/>
<p>re-insurance, and went to the prisoner and asked him for the clause—he said, "Wait till I come back from lunch"—I said I could not wait, and looked in the drawer for the clause; not seeing it there, I looked in the clause-box, and there I found three re-insurance policies—I saw Id. stamps had been placed on two of these policies—I knew there were no 1d. stamps for colonial insurances, and when the prisoner came back from lunch I said to him, "I hope you can account for these policies being in jour clause-box, as I must speak to Mr. Merriman about it, for I find the stamps have been tampered with"—he said, "Oh, yes; I can account for it," or words to that effect.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Clauses are kept in the drawers, and a few are put into the box as they are wanted—I helped myself—you did not ask me to hush it up, or to say nothing about it—I had to make out re-insurance policies, and enter them in a book; all that came in from outside it was your duty to check—those in the office having been checked, we treated them as correct—sometimes I brought policies back to you for alterations—I cannot say I ever brought these back because the stamp did not agree with the date—I may have looked at the stamp—if it had no stamp I should not have passed it, because it would strike me directly as being wrong—no penny stamps were used, and if I had seen a penny stamp I should not have passed the policy—I cannot remember your mentioning about a sixpenny stamp; I will not swear you did not—I am not sure "C" is in the same writing as "B" and "D," because it is written in a different style—I cannot swear to "C," but to the best of my belief it is your writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The three policies I found in the clause-box are all included in the thirty-one; they are the only policies that bear the penny stamp.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-22" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-22" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY MOORE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector C. I. D</hi>) I made inquiries into this case—on 7th and 10th July I saw the prisoner at Jerusalem Chambers, and drew his attention to the two policies 108,836A and 114,468A—he made this statement, which I took down in writing:—"I, Frederick William Theodore Oelrichs, say that for the past six years I have been in the employ of the South British and National Insurance Companies, of the above address, five years of which I have been policy clerk and examiner. It was my duty to examine all policies, whether made up by me or not. I used to receive all policies in the blank form after they had been duly stamped from Magrath. The policy No. 108,836A of the South British Company, produced, was duly filled in by myself, and the stands now upon it purporting to be of the value of £3 12s. 9d. are the same as were affixed when I received it from Magrath. It escaped my attention when examining the policy that the stamps were not genuine, and the first I knew of it was about ten days ago, when my attention was called to it by Mr. Merriman, who at the time pointed out other similar cases of fraud. At this time, however, Magrath had been dismissed. I remember the latter end of last year there was an occasion to refer to policy No. 114,468A, which was dated 4th February, 1889, and my attention was then called to a fictitious stamp affixed to that policy purporting to be of the value of £5 5s., and this stamp is now also in the same condition as when I received it from Magrath. I did not notice at the time I filled in the form that the stamp was not genuine, and, when it was discovered, I did</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080011"/>
<p>not mention it to the manager, as I feared dismissal.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">F. W. T. OELRICHS</hi>."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-23" type="surname" value="FLUISTER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-23" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN FLUISTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant, City</hi>). On 19th July I received a warrant for the prisoner's apprehension, and with it I went with Moore to Jerusalem Chambers, and apprehended the prisoner—I said to him, "I hold a warrant for your apprehension"—I read it—he said nothing—I took him into custody—after he was in the cells, I said I should have to go to his house and search his place—he said, "You will see my mother there, tell her I am implicated in some obliterated stamps"—I did not find anything there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, reviewed the evidence; he denied hating written the letters, or having any knowledge of the offence, and he charged Magrath with having removed the stamps.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-634-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-634-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-634-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-635">
<interp inst="t18900908-635" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-635" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-635-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-635-18900908 t18900908-635-offence-1 t18900908-635-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-635-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-635-18900908 t18900908-635-offence-1 t18900908-635-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-635-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-635-18900908 t18900908-635-offence-2 t18900908-635-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-635-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-635-18900908 t18900908-635-offence-2 t18900908-635-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-635-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-635-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-635-18900908" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-635-18900908" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-635-18900908" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HALL</hi> (39)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-635-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-635-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-635-18900908" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-635-18900908" type="surname" value="TWYMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-635-18900908" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK TWYMAN</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-635-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-635-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-635-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering a cheque;</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-635-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-635-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-635-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>another indictment for obtaining money by false pretences, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-635-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-635-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-635-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<persName id="t18900908-name-26">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-26" type="surname" value="TWYMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-26" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TWYMAN</hi> </persName>,
<hi rend="italic">who was convicted upon another indictment last session, was sentenced to</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> [The defendant was tried and convicted in a previous session]</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-636">
<interp inst="t18900908-636" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-636" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-636-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-636-18900908 t18900908-636-offence-1 t18900908-636-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-636-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-636-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-636-18900908" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-636-18900908" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-636-18900908" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ROBINSON</hi> (60)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-636-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-636-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-636-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Unlawfully carnally knowing
<persName id="t18900908-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-28" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-28" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-28" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-636-offence-1 t18900908-name-28"/>Mary Robinson</persName>, a girl between 13 and 16.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. F. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-636-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-636-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-636-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-636-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-636-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-636-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-636-18900908 t18900908-636-punishment-1"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, September</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-637">
<interp inst="t18900908-637" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-637" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-637-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-637-18900908 t18900908-637-offence-1 t18900908-637-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-637-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-637-18900908 t18900908-637-offence-1 t18900908-637-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-637-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-637-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-637-18900908" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-637-18900908" type="surname" value="STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-637-18900908" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE STANLEY</hi> (25)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-637-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-637-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-637-18900908" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-637-18900908" type="surname" value="BLABY"/>
<interp inst="def2-637-18900908" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD BLABY</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-637-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-637-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-637-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. K. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Blaby.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-31" type="surname" value="CROWSDALE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-31" type="given" value="JESSIE"/>JESSIE CROWSDALE</persName> </hi>. I am the niece of James Gibbons, who keeps the Monarch public-house, Chalk Farm Road—on 15th August, about halfpast five, the two prisoners came in with a woman, and Stanley called for some liquor, price fourpence halfpenny, and put a florin on the counter—I gave him 1s. 7 1/2 d. change, and put the florin on a shelf where there was no other florin—shortly afterwards my sister Maud, who was serving, said in the prisoners' hearing, "They have given me a bad one"—I did not hear either of them say anything.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Stanley.</hi> I put the coin on the shelf, and went out of the bar for about two minutes—there was other money on the shelf, but no other florin—it had been taken off the shelf when I came back, but I am quite sure this is the same florin—my sister showed it to me when I came back—I am positive it was a florin I took, and not a shilling—my sister saw you give it to me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. My sister Maud is here; my other sister did not go to the Police-court—neither of my sisters said that it was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080012"/>
<p>Stanley who gave me the coin and not Blaby—the sister who is not here detected one coin to be bad—no one held the prisoners, but the doors were locked.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-32" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-32" type="surname" value="CROWSDALE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-32" type="given" value="MAUD"/>MAUD CROWSDALE</persName> </hi>. I am a sister of the last witness—I saw the two prisoners in the bar on 15th August—I served Blaby with some cigars on August 15th; he paid with a bad florin—I said, "This is a bad florin you have given me"—he said, "Is it?"—he said, "It is not bad," and put down a sixpence—I gave him threepence change, and gave the florin to the barman, who put it on the counter, and Blaby took it up—my sister then said, in the prisoners' hearing, "This one is bad"—that was the one she had taken—I saw her take it from the shelf—I called Mr. Gibbons, and said to the barman, "Go and fetch a policeman"—I cannot say whether the prisoners heard that—both the doors were shut and bolted.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Stanley.</hi> I did not hear you tell anyone that it was a shilling you gave—I did not hear you ask the barman to fetch a policeman to search you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. Neither the barman nor my sister Amelia, who detected one of the coins, is here—the barman has never been called as a witness.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-33" type="surname" value="GIBBONS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-33" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES GIBBONS</persName> </hi>. I keep the Monarch public-house, Chalk Farm Road—on August 15th I was called into the bar by my niece Amelia, and my niece Maud showed me a bad florin—the two prisoners were there—Maud said that Jessie had taken a bad florin and put it on the ledge, and given 1s. 7 1/2 d. change—she pointed out one of the prisoners, but I do not recollect which—one of them, I think it was Stanley, said that he had given me a shilling—I said I should lock them up, sent the barman for a constable, fastened one of the doors, and told the barman to stand at the other, which he did, and called a constable, and I gave the prisoners in custody with the coins.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-34" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-34" type="given" value="MORGAN"/>MORGAN JENKINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman S</hi> 412). The two prisoners and a woman were given into my custody; the woman was discharged by the Magistrate—Mr. Gibbons said, "These people have been in here passing bad money; I shall charge them"—Blaby said, "I paid for the first drinks with a shilling; I did not give any florin"—Stanley said, "I did not know it was bad, governor"—Mr. Gibbons was holding a florin in his hand, looking at it, and I took another from Blaby's hand; this is it—I searched Blaby, and found a half-crown, two shillings, and sevenpence halfpenny.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. I have not seen Mr. Gage, of Fitzroy Place—I went there, but failed to get an answer—Blaby has been working there eight or nine months as a plumber and decorator—he was seven years in the gold refining business; he has been in custody since August 15th—all that I have discovered is in his favour—he is a hardworking man; no bad coin or tissue paper was found on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-35" type="surname" value="TAMPLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-35" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK TAMPLIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman S</hi> 400). I took Blaby in custody, and found on him a shilling, a sixpence, and six pence—he said he had given a shilling and not a florin, in payment for three glasses of beer—there was no discussion as to whether it was not cigars—I received this counterfeit coin from the landlord.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-36" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-36" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coins to Her Majesty's Mint—these florins are counterfeit, and from different moulds—one is a little brighter than the other.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080013"/>
<hi rend="italic">Stanley, in his defence, stated that Blaby was his brother-in-law; that 1s. went into the house with him, and called for two, glasses of beer, for which he tendered a shilling, and then for some cigars, for which he tendered a florin, and when it was found to be bad, which he did not know, he paid with a sixpence</hi>,(
<hi rend="italic">Blaby's brother gave him a good character.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-637-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-637-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-637-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-638">
<interp inst="t18900908-638" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-638" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-638-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-638-18900908 t18900908-638-offence-1 t18900908-638-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-638-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-638-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-638-18900908" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-638-18900908" type="surname" value="BURLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-638-18900908" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEONARD BURLEY</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-638-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-638-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-638-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILMOT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-38" type="surname" value="HISCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-38" type="given" value="ANNIE MARIA"/>ANNIE MARIA HISCOCK</persName> </hi>. My husband is a grocer of Maiden Lane, Strand—on 8th August, about 11 p.m., I served the prisoner with a penny bottle of ginger beer—he gave me a shilling; I gave him elevenpence change, and he left—I put the shilling in my pocket, and tendered it next morning when I went to market, and it was broken, and the pieces returned to me—I gave them to my husband—on 11th August, between 11 and 12 p.m., I was sitting facing the shop, and saw the prisoner go in; I recognised him, and went across, and my husband was asking for his change back—the prisoner gave it back, and asked my husband for the shilling—he said, no; he would lock him up—I looked for a policeman, and the prisoner went down home—he lives in Pullens Court—the constable brought him back—I am sure he is the man who came on 8th August—I did not know his address then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-39" type="surname" value="HISCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-39" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HISCOCK</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of the last witness—on 11th August, after 11 p.m., the prisoner came in for a pennyworth of cheese, and gave me 1s.—I gave him 11d., and then said, "This is a bad one"—he asked me to give it back to him—I said, "No"—my wife had given me these two pieces of a shilling three nights before—the prisoner was brought back about 12.30, and given in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I did not know you as a customer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-40" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-40" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY TURNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman M</hi> 52). Mrs. Hiscock complained to me, and, after searching for an hour and a quarter, I found the prisoner with a number of men in Bell Inn Court, Strand, three minutes' walk from the shop—I called him out and told him I should take him to 23, Maiden Lane—his mother came up and put her arms round his neck, and said he should not go—he said, "Don't be stupid; if you want to do anything, go up and see them before I get there"—I took him back to the shop, and they both said he was the man—his mother had got there before us, and was talking to Mr. Hiscock, who said, "I don't mink that is the man; I shan't charge him"—I took him to Bow Street Station, and both the witnesses came and identified him as the man who passed the coins, but refused to sign the charge-sheet—I searched him at the shop, but round nothing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-41" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-41" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These shillings are both counterfeit, and from different moulds.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, said that he did not know that the second shilling was bad, and did not remember going into the shop on the</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-638-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-638-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-638-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of larceny at Westminster on March</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-638-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-638-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-638-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-638-18900908 t18900908-638-punishment-2"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, September</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-639">
<interp inst="t18900908-639" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-639" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-639-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-639-18900908 t18900908-639-offence-1 t18900908-639-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-639-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-639-18900908 t18900908-639-offence-2 t18900908-639-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-639-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-639-18900908" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-639-18900908" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-639-18900908" type="surname" value="NUSSBAUM"/>
<interp inst="def1-639-18900908" type="given" value="FREDA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDA NUSSBAUM</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-639-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-639-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-639-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-639-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-639-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-639-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of £30;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18900908-639-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-639-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-639-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>stealing a shawl, of the
<persName id="t18900908-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-43" type="occupation" value="earl of wicklow"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-639-offence-2 t18900908-name-43"/>Earl of Wicklow</persName>, her master.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-639-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-639-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-639-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-639-18900908 t18900908-639-punishment-3"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-640">
<interp inst="t18900908-640" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-640" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-640-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-640-18900908 t18900908-640-offence-1 t18900908-640-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-640-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-640-18900908 t18900908-640-offence-2 t18900908-640-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080014"/>
<persName id="def1-640-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-640-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-640-18900908" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-640-18900908" type="surname" value="BEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-640-18900908" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENJAMIN BEST</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-640-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-640-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-640-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to feloniously forging and uttering three postal orders,</rs> and also
<rs id="t18900908-640-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-640-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-640-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing eight printed forms of orders.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-640-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-640-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-640-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-640-18900908 t18900908-640-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-640-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-640-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-640-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-641">
<interp inst="t18900908-641" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-641" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-641-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-641-18900908 t18900908-641-offence-1 t18900908-641-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-641-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-641-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-641-18900908" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-641-18900908" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-641-18900908" type="given" value="ALBERT GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-641-18900908" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT GEORGE COOPER</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-641-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-641-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-641-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to three indictments for stealing a letter containing a postal order for 15s.,</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-641-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-641-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-641-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>another letter containing three postal orders</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-641-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-641-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-641-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>and a £5 bank-note, whilst employed in the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-641-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-641-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-641-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-641-18900908 t18900908-641-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-641-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-641-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-641-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-642">
<interp inst="t18900908-642" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-642" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-642-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-642-18900908 t18900908-642-offence-1 t18900908-642-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-642-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-642-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-642-18900908" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-642-18900908" type="surname" value="MARSHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-642-18900908" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-642-18900908" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM EDWARD MARSHAM</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-642-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-642-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-642-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to two indictments for stealing two letters containing postal orders, whilst employed in the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-642-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-642-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-642-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-642-18900908 t18900908-642-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-642-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-642-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-642-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-643">
<interp inst="t18900908-643" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-643" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-643-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-643-18900908 t18900908-643-offence-1 t18900908-643-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-643-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-643-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-643-18900908" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-643-18900908" type="surname" value="NANCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-643-18900908" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS PARKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-643-18900908" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN THOMAS PARKER NANCE</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-643-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-643-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-643-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to four indictments for stealing letters containing postal orders, whilst employed in the Post Office.</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-643-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-643-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-643-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-643-18900908 t18900908-643-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-643-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-643-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-643-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-644">
<interp inst="t18900908-644" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-644" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-644-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-644-18900908 t18900908-644-offence-1 t18900908-644-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-644-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-644-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-644-18900908" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-644-18900908" type="surname" value="CHAMP"/>
<interp inst="def1-644-18900908" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-644-18900908" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM EDWARD CHAMP</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-644-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-644-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-644-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to two indictments for stealing letters containing postal orders, whilst employed in the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-644-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-644-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-644-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-644-18900908 t18900908-644-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-644-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-644-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-644-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-645">
<interp inst="t18900908-645" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-645" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-645-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-645-18900908 t18900908-645-offence-1 t18900908-645-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-645-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-645-18900908 t18900908-645-offence-1 t18900908-645-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-645-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-645-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-645-18900908" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-645-18900908" type="surname" value="KINGSFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-645-18900908" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM KINGSFORD</hi> (39)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-645-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-645-18900908" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-645-18900908" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-645-18900908" type="surname" value="KINGSFORD"/>
<interp inst="def2-645-18900908" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY KINGSFORD</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-645-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-645-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-645-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>were indicted for feloniously forging and uttering two receipts for 5s.</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM KINGSFORD</hi>
<rs id="t18900908-645-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-645-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-645-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-645-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-645-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-645-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-645-18900908 t18900908-645-punishment-9"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> No evidence was offered against
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY KINGSFORD</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-645-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-645-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-645-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-646">
<interp inst="t18900908-646" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-646" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-646-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-646-18900908 t18900908-646-offence-1 t18900908-646-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-646-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-646-18900908 t18900908-646-offence-1 t18900908-646-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-646-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-646-18900908 t18900908-646-offence-1 t18900908-646-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-646-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-646-18900908 t18900908-646-offence-1 t18900908-646-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-646-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def5-646-18900908 t18900908-646-offence-1 t18900908-646-verdict-3"/>
<persName id="def1-646-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-646-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-646-18900908" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-646-18900908" type="surname" value="GABIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-646-18900908" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GABIN</hi> (60)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-646-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-646-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-646-18900908" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-646-18900908" type="surname" value="PARKS"/>
<interp inst="def2-646-18900908" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH PARKS</hi> (25)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-646-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-646-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-646-18900908" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def3-646-18900908" type="surname" value="VAUGHAN"/>
<interp inst="def3-646-18900908" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES VAUGHAN</hi> (33)</persName>,
<persName id="def4-646-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-646-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-646-18900908" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def4-646-18900908" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="def4-646-18900908" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD REYNOLDS</hi> (50)</persName>, and
<persName id="def5-646-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def5-646-18900908" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def5-646-18900908" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def5-646-18900908" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="def5-646-18900908" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANE REYNOLDS</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-646-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-646-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-646-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Feloniously breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t18900908-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-56" type="surname" value="DICKS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-56" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-56" type="occupation" value="shopkeeper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-646-offence-1 t18900908-name-56"/>Robert Dicks</persName> and others, and stealing eighty pairs of boots, their property.
<hi rend="italic">Second County</hi> for feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RAYMOND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Vaughan, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROCKINGHAM GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Richard and Jane Reynolds.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-57" type="surname" value="PILE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PILE</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Robert and James Dicks, boot manufacturers, of 30, Holborn—on 17th July last I left the premises safe at half-past eight p.m.—I locked the shop door and also the gate outside the shop door—next morning at nine, when I arrived at the shop, I found the gate unlocked and the door broken open, and I missed from the premises sixty-five pairs of boots, to the value of about £58—I identify the two pairs of boots, now produced, as ours, and as forming part of the sixty-five that were stolen on this occasion.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gabin.</hi> There are no other boots like these; they are our workmanship, and my own writing is on the sole of one of them; one pair has been worn—this pair was made to measure for a gentleman—I have sole charge of the business; we have a salesman, and a shopwoman, and a lad—what they sell is put down on the stock sheet.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RAYMOND</hi>. Our business is very large—I see every pair of boots as they come in—they come in in large quantities, and are put in stock; we get a few from Northampton—this pair was not made by us, but to our special order, and the order number is inside.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I saw these boots in the shop on the evening of the 17th; they are new; they have been worn once, I should say.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080015"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-58" type="surname" value="NICHOLSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-58" type="given" value="JNO"/>JNO. NICHOLSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 251). About twenty minutes past twelve in the early morning of 18th July, in consequence of something that was said to me, I went and made an examination of Messrs. Dicks' premises; I found the front gate open, and the door forced open—I went into the shop, and saw several boots lying about the floor—I at once sent a message to the police-station—about half-past one the same morning I saw the witness, Chapman, on the Holborn rank, and took him to the station, where he made a statement.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I am always on night duty in Holborn—there is very little traffic there late at night—on this particular night it was raining very heavily.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-59" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-59" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am an oilman's assistant—on 17th July, about a quarter of an hour after midnight, I was in Fetter Lane—I saw a four-wheeled cab coming into Fetter Lane from Holborn; there was no one on it but the cabman—I saw one man at one corner of Fetter Lane and one at the other corner beckoning to the cabman into Fetter Lane; as soon as the cab stopped in Fetter Lane I saw a boy come across from the other side of the road, and then I heard one of the men say, "Come on," and as I turned round I saw two men with bags on their shoulders—I did not see where they came from, they came up to the cab, and all four got in with the bags; they looked like Urge leather bags, similar to sailors' bags or sacks, I believe they were full, they looked full—the cab drove straight down Fetter Lane towards Fleet Street—three men got inside the cab and I got outside—in consequence of what I had seen, as I passed the cab I took the number and communicated with the policeman on the beat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. This was a very stormy night; I had been to a friend's and stopped there on account of the storm, and as it did not abate I had to walk home through it—I stood at the corner of Holborn and Fetter Lane—I first saw the cab as I got to the corner—I saw four men altogether and a boy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-60" type="surname" value="BOTTEN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-60" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BOTTEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 261). I was on duty in Holborn on the night of 17th July, right opposite Mr. Dicks' shop—it was a very bad night—about midnight I saw a man and a boy standing right opposite Mr. Dicks' shop at De Bolla's restaurant, which was closed—I identified the boy Hall afterwards; he was discharged by the Magistrate—I proceeded along my beat and returned in about ten minutes, and they were then gone.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-61" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-61" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY CHAPMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a cab-driver, and drive a four-wheeled cab; I remember the night of 17th July, it was a very stormy night—soon after twelve I was on the rank on Holborn Hill, and was hailed by the prisoner Reynolds; he came to the rank and called me to take up in Fetter Lane; I drove there, and pulled up—he asked me to go and have a drink, and being a rough night, I went in; when I came out I saw three men in the cab—Reynolds got on the box, he ordered me over Westminster Bridge, and told me to stop at the corner of the New Cut to have another drink, but the house was closed—he paid me 3s., and we went to have a drink—when we came out there was only one man left in the cab—he told me to take them on to Hercules Buildings, Westminster Bridge Road—I took them there, and left them there, Reynolds and one other man—I did not then see anything in their hands—one of them had a sack or bag on his shoulder; it looked full—I could not recognise which</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080016"/>
<p>man had it—Reynolds had nothing; it was the other man with him—the same night a City policeman spoke to me on the rank, and a few days afterwards I was taken to the Police-station; I there picked him out from a number of other men.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I was called off the rank by Reynolds—he said, "Come round and take up in Fetter Lane"; nobody in Fetter Lane beckoned me—I had a full opportunity of recognising Reynolds—I was discharged in Hercules Buildings; Reynolds paid me my fare there; that was not far from the Police-station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-62" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-62" type="surname" value="BATES"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-62" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BATES</persName> </hi>. I am married; I am landlady of 74, Webber Row—the two Reynolds were tenants of ours—the man took the room at 4s. per week, on 7th July—they were there up to the 21st—they occupied one room; a boy named Hall was taken from the place, but he did not lodge there, he visited there; he was discharged at the Police-court—I have seen Vaughan there frequently—I did not know his name.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RAYMOND</hi>. I did not know he was employed—there was nothing suspicious about him; he came like an ordinary man calling—there was nothing suspicious about anyone else there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. The Reynolds were there three weeks—I had no occasion to complain of them—when Vaughan was in Reynolds' company the female prisoner went out of the room, and was out the whole time—I don't know that Reynolds was a scene shifter at a theatre—he told me so—I can't remember what time he came home on the Thursday; I was in bed; we were generally asleep when he came home—they were in the habit of coming home very late.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have no idea how the property that was found there came there—Reynolds kept late hours all the time he was there; about one or half-past—Vaughan came at different times; sometimes in the morning, sometimes dinner times, all times.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-63" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-63" type="surname" value="DESMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-63" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY DESMOND</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and live at 120, Cornwall Road, New Cnt—on 7th July I let a room to Vaughan; Reynolds was with him at the time—Vaughan told me he was a printer—he remained till 21st July, when he was arrested—one night he did not sleep there; whether it was on the Monday or not I don't know.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RAYMOND</hi>. He did not tell me that he was out of a situation, he told me that he worked in
<hi rend="italic">Fleet</hi> Street—we had other lodgers; he acted just like any other lodger—I never noticed anything that led me to suspect anything—I do not know what hours he kept.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-64" type="surname" value="DESMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-64" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE DESMOND</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of the last witness—I live with her at 120, Cornwall Road—Vaughan occupied a room there up to the time of his arrest—Parks visited him, also Gabin—I let them in once, they did not come together—I could not say how many times they came, it was more than once—I did not know Parks by name.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gabin.</hi> I can't say how long ago it was when I saw you call, it was one morning between eight and nine—I believe you are the man—I do not see any other man like you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Parks.</hi> I saw you before I saw you at our house that morning—I never drank with you that I know of, neither on Ludgate Hill or anywhere else.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RAYMOND</hi>. I did not know Parks by any name.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080017"/>
<p>I did not know him as "Thick lips" till I heard him called so on the day of his arrest by the detectives.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-65" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-65" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective L</hi>). I know all the prisoners—in consequence of information, for some little time prior to 21st July I kept observation both on 74, Webber Row, and 120, Cornwall Road, and also on the prisoners—I have seen them together; I made a note in my book of the occasions—on 15th July I saw Gabin go to 120, Cornwall Road, between seven and eight at night, I saw him leave shortly afterwards in company with Parks and Vaughan; they went to the Northumberland Arms, Northumberland Street, Strand, where they joined the other prisoners—on 17th July I saw Gabin, Parks, and Vaughan leave 120, Cornwall Road, between seven and eight in the evening, and go to the Glass House public-house in Stamford Street, Waterloo Road, where the two Reynolds were—on both occasions I was accompanied by Detective Cox—I kept observation on 74, Webber Road, where the Reynolds lived—I have seen the Reynolds go in and out there, also the boy Hall and another man—I have not seen the other prisoners there—on the morning of 20th July, about seven, I went with two other officers to Webber Row—I went through the front door, which was open, up to the first-floor front—I knocked at the door—someone called out, "Who is there?"—I replied, "Police; open the door"—I heard the noise of a window being raised—Detective Kamber went downstairs—Cox and I opened the door, as they refused—on getting into the room I saw the lad Hall getting out of the window—Reynolds was sitting on the side of the bed; the female was standing in the middle of the room dressing—I told them that we were police officers, and we should arrest them on suspicion of having stolen property in their possession, the proceeds of various burglaries—Reynolds said, "What do you mean?"—I said, "You have heard what I said: you will consider yourself in custody"—the female prisoner said, "A nice thing you have done with me, living with you, but I am not going away for you"—they dressed, and we conveyed them to Kennington Road Station, after locking up the room—we then returned and made a search—we found this new pair of boots, six new carpenter's rules, two other pairs of boots, which had been worn, three new sunshades, two sheets, one counterpane, two coats, two pairs of trousers, two paper knives, an ornament, a box containing a tooth brush, a piece of a silver albert, two fur muffs, a fur rug, four fur Victorias, one fur collaret, five pieces of fur, a silk sash, a piece of lace, two brushes, a card-case, three pairs of gloves, a revolver, a bunch of keys, also a box which has been since identified—various of these articles have been identified as having been stolen from six different premises between 23rd June and 18th July—Cox showed the revolver to Reynolds, and he said, "A b—good job it was not loaded, or we should have shot all of you dead as you came upstairs"—we put the property in the station, and at once went to 120, Cornwall Road; we got there about a quarter to eight—I went through the front door, which was open, to the first floor back room—the door was fastened, but not locked; the key was outside—I entered, and saw Vaughan and Parks lying on the bed partly dressed, and Gabin sitting by the side of the bed apparently asleep, dressed, but he had his boots off—we roused them up, and said we were police officers, and should arrest them on suspicion of being joined with others already</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080018"/>
<p>in custody; they made no reply—I asked to whom the room belonged; no one answered—they were taken to Kennington Road Station—there they were again asked to whom the room belonged—Vaughan said, "I engaged the room"—I said, "We shall go back and search it"—we did so, and found five coats, three pairs of trousers, three vests, four pairs of boots, a razor, three brushes, a comb, a pair of spats, a barometer, a timepiece, two bottles of scent, four pawntickets, one packet of cards with a gentleman's name on them (Lieutenant B—, of Royal Navy), two coats, one umbrella, and a silk hat—the greater portion of that property has been identified as part proceeds of various burglaries between 23rd June and 18th July—when we had got all the prisoners together, they were formally charged on suspicion of stealing the various articles—Reynolds said, "You can only charge me with unlawful possession"—Vaughan and Parks said, "You ought to charge us with receiving"—they were then taken before the Magistrate and remanded.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gabin.</hi> When I went to 120 I did not say to you, "I don't want you at all"—I said, "You had better come to the station and see," and I told you there what you would be charged with.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RAYMOND</hi>. I made these notes as soon as I had given my evidence, also at the station—it was not all written at the same time, it is in pencil—I did nothing more besides watching these men; I was acting under the inspector's direction—I met another man who was wanted while I was about this, and he was arrested shortly after; he was a companion of the prisoners—I was watching these men, roughly speaking, for about a week—I saw these men almost daily together—I watched them walking about and meeting each other—I saw enough to convince me they were not getting an honest living; I noticed that they were spending money freely; I saw them
<hi rend="italic">go</hi> into public-houses—I went in also, three or four times, into the George, in Waterloo Road, the Glass House, in Stamford Street, the York Hotel, York Road, and the Northumberland Arms—I went into all four, and stopped it might be five or ten minutes; I had something to drink—two of the prisoners came into the same bar where I was one night; a man named Pearson was with Parks—I know "Scar-faced Charley" by having him in custody—to my knowledge nothing was said by Vaughan about pawntickets—I did not hear that he had bought some pawntickets from "Scar-faced Charley"—I did not arrest Vaughan, other officers did—I scarcely exchanged two words with him—I have seen "Scar-faced Charley" with thieves—I have not seen him since the prisoners were arrested—I have not looked for him—I have no charge against him—I did not search his house—I saw a box at 120, Cornwall Road—I did not force it open; it came open—it was an old wooden box—I can tell you the contents of it if you wish to know.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I did not mention the box at the policecourt—I did not think it necessary—I made these notes as soon as I could after the occurrences.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>, I found a pawnticket relating to a pair of man's boots pledged for 5s., on 23rd June, 1890, in the name of J. Reynolds—they have been identified by Mr. Daniel, of Craven Street, Strand, as forming part of property stolen from his premises on that very day—I also found at Webber Row a pawnticket relating to a Gladstone bag—that bag has been identified by Mr. Smedley, of Craven Street, as stolen on 5th July,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080019"/>
<p>and pledged on the 7th in the name of John Reynolds—a sealskin jacket was afterwards produced by a pawnbroker, which was identified by Miss Kellar, of 6, Adelaide Street, Strand, which was stolen on 10th July, and Reynolds was identified as pledging it—I also found a ticket for a gent's umbrella at 120, Cornwall Road, dated 9th July, 1890—that was identified by Mr. Rosenberg, of 4, Panton Street, as part of property stolen from his premises on that very day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-66" type="surname" value="KAMBER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-66" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED KAMBER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective L</hi>). I accompanied last witness to the houses in Cornwall Road and Webber Row—I have heard his evidence, and confirm it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-67" type="surname" value="DANIELS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-67" type="given" value="HARRY SUMMER"/>HARRY SUMMER DANIELS</persName> </hi>. I am an architect, of 6, Smith Square, Westminster—up to 21st June I lived at 28, Craven Street, Strand—on that day I left for good about half-past eleven p.m., closing the streetdoor after me; it shuts with a latch—nobody else lived in the house—about 6.30, on 23rd June, I went back and found a trunk with a quantity of my property in it had been turned out, and things taken away—my rooms were not locked; the door was all right—I lost these three shirts, three handkerchiefs, a pair of boots, and two pairs of trousers—in addition, I have lost a lot of jewellery and money, and other clothing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. The shirts and handkerchiefs are marked with my name.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-68" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-68" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I found these two pairs of trousers and the handkerchief at 120, Cornwall Road, and the shirt and the other handkerchief and the pawnticket relating to the boots at 74, Webber Row.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-69" type="surname" value="SMEDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-69" type="given" value="GEORGE PALMER"/>GEORGE PALMER SMEDLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a draughtsman, working with Mr. Waldron, a civil engineer, on the second floor of 16, Craven Street, Strand—on Saturday, 5th July, about half-past five, I left there—on Monday, 7th July, on my arrival, I found the street-door and our officedoor had been broken open—among other things I missed some clothes, a Gladstone bag, and a collar—these are the bag and collar—the collar is marked with my name.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-70" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-70" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The ticket for the Gladstone bag was found at 74, Webber Row, and the collar was found at 120, Cornwall Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-71" type="surname" value="KELLAR"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-71" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA KELLAR</persName> </hi>. I am unmarried, and reside at Beeches Street, City Road—these furs belong to me and my sister—I saw them safe on Wednesday, 9th July—on the morning of the 10th when I arrived, I found the doors broken open, and property, to the value of £60, stolen—I identify this sealskin jacket, two bearskin muffs, and these other goods as our property.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It is my sister's business; I manage it entirely; she has nothing to do with it—I know these goods by the workmanship; we are the manufacturers; there is a difference between them and the way in which other things are made—I was brought up in the business.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-72" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-72" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Reynolds was identified as the man that pledged the jacket; no ticket was found for it—all this property, with the exception of the jacket, was found at 74, Webber Row.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-73" type="surname" value="ROSENBERG"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-73" type="given" value="SIMON"/>SIMON ROSENBERG</persName> </hi>. I am a hairdresser, at 4, Panton Street, Haymarket—on 8th July, I left my shop safely locked up at a quarter to nine p.m., and a little before eight next morning I found it had been broken into, and I missed a quantity of goods, among them these four razors,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080020"/>
<p>two brushes, two bottles with scent, four combs, a lady's umbrella, and another umbrella, and I missed my overcoat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have assistants; they do not sell things without my knowledge—two of these razors I have had over nine years—other people besides me sell combs and scent, but I know exactly what I missed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-74" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-74" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I found these three razors, three combs, and a bottle of scent at 74, Webber Row; two brushes, one razor in a case, a comb, two bottles of scent, and an umbrella, and a ticket of another umbrella, at 120, Cornwall Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-75" type="surname" value="WALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-75" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD WALTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 54, Patshull Road, Kentish Town—on 8th July I was clerk to a commission agent, at 4, Panton Street, Haymarket—I left the office at half-past three, my employer was there then—next morning, when I came at a quarter past ten, I found the door broken open—I missed three overcoats and Inverness capes—these are they—they are worth £10 altogether.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-76" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-76" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The mackintosh I found at 74, Webber Row, and the two coats at 120, Cornwall Road, when the prisoner was arrested.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-77" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-77" type="given" value="WILLIAM ARTHUR"/>WILLIAM ARTHUR HARRISON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to a chemist at 30, Southampton Street, Strand—on Saturday, 12th July, this iron box was safe in my room at the top of the house at 11 a.m.—I missed it about half-past eight the same evening with its contents, books, clothes, and other things—the street door and the staircase are left open on the Saturday till Mr. Kendal, on the first floor, leaves, when it is supposed to be closed—I have seen some of the books.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-78" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-78" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NICHOLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The box was found at 74, Webber Row, with linen and other things in it belonging to the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-79" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-79" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID COX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Constable</hi>). I was one of the officers who arrested the prisoners—a few days ago I received a communication from Parks, in consequence of which I went with Inspector Harvey to see him in prison—he was about to speak to us—Harvey cautioned him, and told him whatever he said we should take down in writing, and hand to the Treasury—we made no promises—he made a statement, which Harvey took down in writing—I asked if he was willing to sign it, and he signed it—this is the statement:—"I wish to give some information to the police, but I don't want my mates to know anything of it. The reason I wish to give it is because these here people deny all knowledge of me, and they refuse to do anything for me. I have wrote them letters, and they have not even answered them. Mr. Bob Stone, of the Dials, the second barber's shop, bought part of the furs for £8; the other half Mrs. Marks, of Great Wild Street, Drury Lane, bought for £8 10s. Mr. Stock or, jeweller, of Waterloo Road, bought the melton coat lined with fur for £8, and he also bought Lieutenant Blunt's gold medals for £3 15s. Mr. Edwards, a bootmaker, in a turning off Great Queen Street, next to a paper shop, bought forty-seven pairs of boots for £8. They were stolen from a Mr. Amsden, Leicester Square, about 4th July last, by Percy Vaughan (or Harrington). I was not concerned with him in that job. The seventy pairs of boots stolen from Dicks, Holborn, what we are charged with, were actually packed up by Vaughan, Gabin, and myself. Reynolds and the boy were outside keeping watch. They were sold to Edwards for £10. Vaughan always took the money and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080021"/>
<p>shared it out. About two months ago, it was on the night of the police riot at Bow Street, me, Vaughan, and Reynolds went up the Strand, and seen a cigar shop. Vaughan put the door in, and a policeman, 35 CR, came up and asked Vaughan what he was doing; he (Vaughan) said, ‘I suppose I can stand at my own door.' I ran away. The next morning I saw Vaughan and Reynolds in a lodginghouse in Westminster Road; they were smoking cigars, and they both told me that they took fifty boxes of cigars, etc., and sold them to Mr. Bob Stone for 5s. a box. The reason I ran away was that it was the first time I have ever been engaged in a burst, and I felt frightened. Reynolds said to me when I said I was frightened that he would blow my brains out if I turned copper, and he showed me a revolver that he was carrying. About half-past four on the morning we were arrested, me, Vaughan, and Gabin went to Rider Street, St. James's. He forced the lock off (I mean Vaughan), and made such a noise that I went away. I met them again about an hour and a half after in Trafalgar Square; they were carrying the time-piece and boots between them. About the fourth or fifth of July last me, Gabin, Vaughan, Reynolds, and Scar-faced Charlie, and the boy Reynolds went to a jeweller's shop, corner of Hanway Street, Oxford Street. We lifted up the grating, and they all went in except me, and I remained at the opposite side of the street until a policeman ordered me away at half-past one in the morning. I did not see anything of them again for three days, when I met Vaughan at the lodging-house, and we laughed at the account that appeared in the papers. Vaughan said that they took the safe to Stacker's, who gave them £28 on account. I have since seen Stocker and asked him for my share. He told me that it was nothing to do with me, and he should give me nothing at all. I wrote to him yesterday, but he has not yet answered my letter. The woman, Jane Reynolds, has never had anything to do with these jobs; she only used to have a drink with us in the public-house. I only knew Reynolds about three weeks before I was arrested; I have known Vaughan as Percy for years. I only knew Gabin about two or three weeks before we were took. Tommy Crane and Charlie introduced me to Gabin, and said he was an expert burglar; but when he (Gabin) was inside a place he was all of a shake, and Vaughan told him in Dick's shop that he would brain him with the stick if he did not keep himself quiet, as he was making a noise with his mouth as though he was croaking. I don't know Kelly, but I have known Paddy Shea for years; we have only been about together since the 25th June last. I have made this statement of my own free will; I have been promised nothing, neither have I been threatened; but my mates have done nothing for me, and I am told that they are keeping people from coming to see me, so I am doing this for the truth to be known."
<hi rend="italic">Gabin, in his defence, said he knew nothing of half the cases against him; that he never broke into a house; that Nicholls never saw him on</hi> 16th or 17th July;
<hi rend="italic">and that when he took the others he said he did not want him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PAEKS</hi>
<rs id="t18900908-646-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-646-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-646-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">GABIN, VAUGHAN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EICHAED REY
<rs id="t18900908-646-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-646-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-646-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of Receiving.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANE REYNOLDS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-646-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-646-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-646-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Gabin then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in February</hi>, 1884,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of
<persName id="t18900908-name-80">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-80" type="surname" value="KEELING"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-80" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Keeling</persName>; and Parks to a conviction of felony in March</hi>,1890,
<hi rend="italic">at this Court.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">There were other indictments against the prisoners</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">see Surrey Cases</hi>).</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-647">
<interp inst="t18900908-647" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-647" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-647-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-647-18900908 t18900908-647-offence-1 t18900908-647-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-647-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-647-18900908 t18900908-647-offence-2 t18900908-647-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080022"/>
<persName id="def1-647-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-647-18900908" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-647-18900908" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-647-18900908" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-647-18900908" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANE REYNOLDS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18900908-647-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-647-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-647-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> was charged in other indictments with breaking and entering other shops,</rs> and
<rs id="t18900908-647-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-647-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-647-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>with larcenies.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">No evidence was offered by the Prosecution</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-647-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-647-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-647-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-648">
<interp inst="t18900908-648" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-648" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-648-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-648-18900908 t18900908-648-offence-1 t18900908-648-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-648-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-648-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-648-18900908" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-648-18900908" type="surname" value="HALLIDAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-648-18900908" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HALLIDAY</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-648-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-648-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-648-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-648-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-648-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-648-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to marrying
<persName id="t18900908-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-83" type="surname" value="NOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-83" type="given" value="SUSAN MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-648-offence-1 t18900908-name-83"/>Susan Mary Ann Nock</persName>, his wife being then alive—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-648-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-648-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-648-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-648-18900908 t18900908-648-punishment-10"/>Six Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, September</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>,</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-649">
<interp inst="t18900908-649" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-649" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-649-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-649-18900908 t18900908-649-offence-1 t18900908-649-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-649-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-649-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-649-18900908" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-649-18900908" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="def1-649-18900908" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK HUMPHREYS</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-649-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-649-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-649-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-649-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-649-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-649-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18900908-name-85" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-85" type="surname" value="CLARKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-85" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-649-offence-1 t18900908-name-85"/>Henry Clarkson</persName>, and stealing two coats and other
<hi rend="italic">articles</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-649-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-649-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-649-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-649-18900908 t18900908-649-punishment-11"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-650">
<interp inst="t18900908-650" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-650" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-650-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-650-18900908 t18900908-650-offence-1 t18900908-650-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-650-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-650-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-650-18900908" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-650-18900908" type="surname" value="BOND"/>
<interp inst="def1-650-18900908" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BOND</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-650-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-650-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-650-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, To burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18900908-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-87" type="surname" value="LEFEVRE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-87" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-650-offence-1 t18900908-name-87"/>James Lefevre</persName>, and stealing two coats, a pocket-book, and other articles—</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-650-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-650-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-650-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-650-18900908 t18900908-650-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-650-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-650-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-650-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-651">
<interp inst="t18900908-651" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-651" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-651-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-651-18900908 t18900908-651-offence-1 t18900908-651-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-651-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-651-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-651-18900908" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-651-18900908" type="surname" value="BETHELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-651-18900908" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES BETHELL</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-651-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-651-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-651-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin, after a conviction of unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin on 23rd April, 1888</rs>.
<rs id="t18900908-651-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-651-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-651-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner having stated in the hearing of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">that he was guilty, they found that verdict</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-651-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-651-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-651-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-651-18900908 t18900908-651-punishment-13"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-652">
<interp inst="t18900908-652" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-652" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-652-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-652-18900908 t18900908-652-offence-1 t18900908-652-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-652-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-652-18900908 t18900908-652-offence-1 t18900908-652-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-652-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-652-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-652-18900908" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-652-18900908" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-652-18900908" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BROOKS</hi> (35)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-652-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-652-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-652-18900908" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-652-18900908" type="surname" value="BATT"/>
<interp inst="def2-652-18900908" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BATT</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-652-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-652-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-652-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILMOT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-91" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-91" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN BAKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 315). On 19th August, about eleven p.m., I was in the Old Bailey with Underwood, and saw the prisoners together—Brooks left Batt, and went into the Pitt's Head—Batt walked on towards the Viaduct—I followed Brooks in and heard him ask for a half of ale, a female served him; he tendered a shilling—she said, "What do you call this? This is a bad one"—he said, "Is it?"—I then walked outside, and he came out and joined Batt at the corner of Fleet Lane, about thirty yards from the house—we followed them—Brooks went into the George public-house at the corner of Fleet Lane—I went into the next compartment and saw him standing in the bar, but there were so many people that he came out—I went in and spoke to the barmaid, and then followed him—he joined Barnes; they stood talking a few minutes, and then walked to the Viaduct Tavern at the corner of Newgate Street—they both went in, and I went into the next compartment, and heard Batt ask for a half of ale; he tendered a penny—Brooks stood at the back of the bar—Batt came out and crossed the road towards St. Sepulchre's Church; he stood a few minutes, crossed to Brooks, when he came out and spoke to him; Brooks looked into the White Hart, and crossed the road again to Batt, and they both went into the Plough at one door and came out at another without having any drink—they stood talking, and we said, "We are police officers; we want that counterfeit shilling you have been trying to pass at public-houses"—they said, "We don't know what you mean"—Brooks said, "We will go to the station and be searched"—we took them to the station, and I found this shilling in Brooks' coattail pocket—I saw Underwood search Batt and find these four shillings</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080023"/>
<p>done up in tissue paper—Brooks said, "I gave three shillings for these old coins at the Sun Dial public-house"—Batt corrected him, and said, "We gave half-a-crown for them"—some salt was found on Batt—Brooks was sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Brooks.</hi> I did not see you attempt to utter any of these old silver coins—you did not tell me you were under the influence of drink—you said that it was a mistake you uttering the coin at the Pitt's Head—you did not pay for the ale, but you had fourpenee on you—you never had any drink at the other two houses.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-92" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-92" type="surname" value="ASHLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-92" type="given" value="LILY"/>LILY ASHLEY</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Pitt's Head—on August 19th, about 11 p. m, I served Brooks with some ale, he offered me this bad shilling; I said, "What do you call this? it is bad"—he said, "Oh, no; put it in the tester"—I said, "There is no need to do that, I can feel it is bad without that"—he said, "I know where I got it; I will take it back"—I let him have it, but took the ale away—a constable then spoke to me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Brooks.</hi> I thought you were under the influence of liquor; you staggered.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-93" type="surname" value="STAINES"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-93" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE STAINES</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the George, Old Bailey—on August 19th, a few minutes after eleven o'clock, Broods came in for some ale, and gave me a shilling—I told him it was not good, and asked if he had any more money on him—he said, "No"—I took the ale away; he took up the shilling, and walked out without drinking the ale.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-94" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-94" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin at H.M. Mint—these are five old copper farthings of George
<hi rend="largeCaps">IV</hi>., William
<hi rend="largeCaps">IV</hi>., and Victoria, which have been silvered—they have been rubbed down, and there is milling round them—they are frightfully rough, almost primitive—it is difficult to say what they represent.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Brooks' Statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "We bought those coins jointly. We bought them as old silver coins."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners repeated this statement as their defence.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18900908-652-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-652-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-652-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROOKS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-652-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-652-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-652-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-652-18900908 t18900908-652-punishment-14"/>Ten Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BATT</hi>*—
<rs id="t18900908-652-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-652-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-652-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-652-18900908 t18900908-652-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Months' Without Hard Labour, having an injury to his hand.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-653">
<interp inst="t18900908-653" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-653" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-653-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-653-18900908 t18900908-653-offence-1 t18900908-653-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-653-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-653-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-653-18900908" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-653-18900908" type="surname" value="DIXON"/>
<interp inst="def1-653-18900908" type="given" value="EDWARD THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD THOMAS DIXON</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-653-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-653-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-653-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing £50, the moneys of
<persName id="t18900908-name-96" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-96" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-653-offence-1 t18900908-name-96"/>Our Lady the Queen</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, for embezzling £1,476 while em
<lb/>ployed in the public service.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t18900908-653-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-653-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-653-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-653-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-653-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-653-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-653-18900908 t18900908-653-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner having stated in the hearing of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">that he was guilty, they found that verdict.—Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-654">
<interp inst="t18900908-654" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-654" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-654-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-654-18900908 t18900908-654-offence-1 t18900908-654-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-654-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-654-18900908" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-654-18900908" type="surname" value="ROWLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-654-18900908" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN ROWLAND</hi>, Maliciously</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-654-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-654-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-654-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> wounding
<persName id="t18900908-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-98" type="surname" value="ROWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-98" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-654-offence-1 t18900908-name-98"/>George Rowland</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNEE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-99" type="surname" value="ROWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-99" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ROWLAND</persName> </hi>. The prisoner is my wife—we lived at 39, Garville Road, Canning Town—I am a carpenter—on 25th July my wife met me in the street between 7 and 8 p.m., and I refused her any money as she was keeping company with people I did not care about—she said, "Are you going to give me any
<hi rend="italic">bleeding</hi> money?"—I said, "You cannot have any money from me while you are drinking; I was going home, I shan't go now, I will go and have a glass of ale," but I did not—I went home, and she followed me in ten minutes or a quarter of an hour afterwards—she had been drinking—she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080024"/>
<p>went to a pan of boiling water and said, "You can't have that pan"—my daughter got me by my left hand and Smith by my right, and the prisoner got a chopper and made a blow at my head—Smith let go of me and saved the chopper, but it hit my hat—there were five persons present—Adams, who came in ten minutes or a quarter of an hour after me said, "We don't want any row here"—I turned to walk out, and the prisoner threw this plate at me; I saw it in her hand—I bled badly, and went to the dispensary—I was sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We have been married sixteen years, and have seven or eight children—I deserted her once for four weeks—she had two children then—after that she left me for nearly two years—she applied to the parish authorities—I got a month for assaulting her; she said that I took up a knife, but I never did; that is nine or ten years ago—since that I have Only assaulted her in self-defence—she only aims things at me when she is drunk, and on this occasion she had been drinking from the Wednesday night—I had been into several public-houses—when I saw her in the street she said, "Have you pawned the clothes and spent the money?"—I said, "Yes, I have saved you the trouble"—I had given them to Mr. Adams to pawn on the Monday; he had been with me the greater part of the day—I was walking about with money in my pocket—Adams lives opposite—when my wife came into the kitchen she demanded money, and said, "Are you going to give me something to eat?"—I did not say," Here is aloaf, eat," I said, "You can come and have a share of what we are having"—I said to my daughter, "Are you going to see me killed?" and struck her—she is thirteen or fourteen—that was the first time I had struck her—I did not use bad language to my wife—I did not call her a cow, or say that I would pay her; she had been out all night, I did not know the reason of that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-100" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-100" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a carpenter, of 6, Harrington Street, Camden Town—on Friday, 25th July, about 8 p.m., I went to Rowland's house he and his wife, and daughter, and Adams were in the room—Rowland and his wife were rowing about money matters, and he knocked her down in a corner with his fist—I am certain he struck her, he did not shove her—the daughter pulled him off her, and she got up and went to the back yard and came in with a meat chopper and struck at him, but I took it from her, and said to Rowland, "You had better be quiet, I must go," and immediately a plate was thrown at my head—I did not see who threw it—it cut Rowland's ear, which was hanging down, and I told him he had better go to the dispensary—the prisoner was inside the kitchen when the plate was thrown, 7 or 8 ft. from her husband—the plate might have hit me the same as it hit him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went in to get some tools I had lent him—there was no window, but the prisoner looked through the window-sash and said, "Don't you come out here"—I have said, "I did not see Mrs. Rowland attempting to strike her husband with the chopper, but she held it up as if to defend herself; a minute before the plate was thrown I was trying to keep back Rowland from getting at his wife"—she had complained that he gave her no food, and had to take a fork to the marine-store dealers to get some milk for her children.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was separating them two or three minutes before the plate was thrown—Rowland was outside the kitchen when the plate was thrown; he was on his way to the staircase, but it was dark—the last</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080025"/>
<p>time I saw him he was standing still—the plate was thrown in the kitchen.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-101" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-101" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT ADAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a carpenter, of 10, Argyle Street, opposite the Rowlands—on 25th July, between eight and nine p.m., I was at Rowland's house—he and his daughter were there—the prisoner came in a quarter of an hour or twenty minutes after me—they got wrangling about money matters, and she went into the back yard, brought a chopper, and made hits at him—Smith took it from her, gave her a shove, and she fell under the table—I saw her get up—Smith stood between them—I said, "George, you had better take my advice and come outside with me"—he said, "All right, Bob, I will come out"—he was in the kitchen when the plate was thrown—I did not see who threw it—he said, "Good God, my ear is off"—I took him to the surgery, and from there to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had lent him my best clothes that he might pawn his, I pawned them for him for 6s. 6d. about 11 o'clock that morning—after that we went to the Freemasons' Arms, and then for a walk for some hours—we were together till 6 p.m., or later—we went into two or three public-houses and saw the prisoner in the Royal Albert between six and seven o'clock—she complained that they were starving at home, and of my having lent my clothes to Rowland to get drink—I was going to have some haddock with her husband, and was eating at the time she came in—I was present when he purchased the haddock and a loaf, out of the 6s. 6d.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-102" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-102" type="surname" value="ROWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-102" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE ROWLAND</persName> </hi>. I am 15 years old, and am the prisoner's daughter—we live at 39, Garville Road, Canning Town—on 25th July, I came home after my father and before my mother—my father was the worse for drink; my mother was sober—there was a quarrel about money—my mother was in the yard, and they were quarrelling through the window, and she had a chopper in her hand—she brought it into the kitchen, and my father took her by her throat and put her into a corner of the room; she screamed, and Mr. Smith and I pulled my father off her and she got up—Mr. Adams said, "Come on out, George"—he was then inside the kitchen, he did not attempt to come out—I saw a plate going, but did not see who threw it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Adams was the worse for drink—the words my mother had with my father were about his pawning her clothes and drinking the money—my father called me a bad name and started kicking me—Adams said, "Don't strike your daughter, George"—after my father went into the passage the first time, he came back and put his fist like this to my mother; I don't know whether it struck her face or her chest, and she went backwards—it was after this that she threw the plate—my father brought home 25s.—I saw him strike my mother the night before—he gave me 17s. the night before to get her clothes out of pawn—on the same morning I saw him stand over her with a broom—I have heard him say to her, "You b—, I will make you do this" or "the other"—Smith was sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-103" type="surname" value="CORNER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-103" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK CORNER</persName> </hi>. I am house surgeon at Poplar Hospital—on 25th July, about 9.45, George Rowland was admitted, suffering from an incised wound on the left ear; it commenced at the top and split the ear to the angle of the jaw, and the piece hung down towards his shoulder—since then three-quarters of the ear has gangrened—it will interfere with his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080026"/>
<p>hearing a little—he was sober, and so was Smith—a plate would cause the injury.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The loss of blood would tend to sober him—gangrene might supervene in a healthy man, but it would be more likely to do so in a man of drunken habits.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-104" type="surname" value="BERNARD"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-104" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN BERNARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 392). On 25th July, about 11 p.m., I took the prisoner in her house, and told her she would be charged with having violently assaulted her husband by throwing a plate at him—she said, "Yes, I threw the plate"—she also said that if she had had twopence in the afternoon she would have procured poison and ended her life, as she was tired of it—she was sober—they occupy the whole house; the kitchen is on the ground floor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner has been out on bail—her baby is about ten weeks old—she had twins when she was apprehended, but one died while she was in Holloway Jail during her first week's remand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-654-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-654-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-654-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Charles.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-655">
<interp inst="t18900908-655" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-655" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-655-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-655-18900908 t18900908-655-offence-1 t18900908-655-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-655-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-655-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-655-18900908" type="age" value="12"/>
<interp inst="def1-655-18900908" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-655-18900908" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL WRIGHT</hi> (12)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-655-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-655-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-655-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> was charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18900908-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-106" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-106" type="given" value="JESSIE MAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-655-offence-1 t18900908-name-106"/>Jessie Maud Newman</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-655-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-655-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-655-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-656">
<interp inst="t18900908-656" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-656" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-656-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-656-18900908 t18900908-656-offence-1 t18900908-656-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-656-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-656-18900908 t18900908-656-offence-2 t18900908-656-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-656-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-656-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-656-18900908" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-656-18900908" type="surname" value="GROVER"/>
<interp inst="def1-656-18900908" type="given" value="THOMAS JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS JAMES GROVER</hi> (23)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18900908-656-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-656-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-656-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with, the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18900908-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-108" type="surname" value="HOPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-108" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-656-offence-1 t18900908-name-108"/>James Hopkins</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MUTE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-109" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-109" type="surname" value="HOPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-109" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>HARRIET HOPKINS</persName> </hi>. I am the widow of James Hopkins; he was 40 years of age—the prisoner is his nephew, and lived with us at 29, John Street, Edgware Road; he had been a soldier—my husband was a lamplighter, in the employ of the Gas Light and Coke Company—the prisoner got into the same employ, and they worked together—on Sunday afternoon, 17th August, we all three went out together at half-past three, to the Welsh Harp, Hendon; we only stayed there a few minutes; we came home, had tea, and went out again, and went to Wormwood Scrubs, and came home about ten minutes past one—they had to go out between two and three to turn off the gas—I and my husband went to bed, and the prisoner went into the back room and changed his best clothes for his working ones, and came and laid outside our bed, as he had done for three months—I was awoke by my husband's abusive language to the prisoner—the prisoner said, "Lie down again, it ain't time for us to get up yet"—he went off to sleep again, and my husband used abusive language again to him—he said, "Don't do it again"—my husband went to make a blow at him, and, in self-defence, the prisoner struck him—my husband was sitting up in bed; the prisoner was out of bed, standing; he hit my husband at the side of the eye; I afterwards saw a small cut, it bled a good deal; he used to suffer a good deal from nose bleeding—I never saw him bleeding from the eye before, only when he had an accident from a
<hi rend="italic">bus</hi>, that was two years ago—I sent my nephew, William Grover, for the doctor, and got water and bathed my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080027"/>
<p>husband's head, and put some sticking plaster on it—after that they made friends again and shook hands, and my husband said, "Tom, I am sure you did not mean to do it," and a few minutes after they went out to work together and had coffee and cake together—when they were quarrelling I did not hear anything said about the prisoner having his arm across my chest; I heard nothing about that till afterwards; I heard it from different people—my husband had a black eye next day, and he went to the club doctor about it on Thursday morning; he complained of feeling ill, and he afterwards went to St. Mary's Hospital—he died on the Saturday—he was given to drink very heavily at times.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-110" type="surname" value="TREWER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-110" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY TREWER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Trewer, of 25, John Street—about a quarter to one on the morning of 18th August I heard a disturbance and voices in the deceased's room, and heard him say, "You have done it now, you have hit me right in the eye."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-111" type="surname" value="GROVER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-111" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY GROVER</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's brother—on the morning of 18th August he woke me up, and I saw the deceased's eye bleeding; I fetched some water, and my brother bathed it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-112" type="surname" value="GILSHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-112" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GILSHAM</persName> </hi>. I am senior inspector of the Gas Light and Coke Company—the deceased and prisoner were employed as lamplighters—the deceased came to his work on Monday with a very disfigured face; he was absent on Tuesday—on Wednesday I made some inquiry of him, and he made a statement to me—on Thursday morning I received this letter, purporting to come from the prisoner, giving an account of the occurrence; I afterwards saw him, and he said that account was untrue, and said he was aroused by his uncle striking him and calling him bad names, and that in self-defence he struck him in the eye.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-113" type="surname" value="SCHROEDER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-113" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SCHROEDER</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Danford Thomas, one of the Coroners for the County of London—on 12th September I was present at the inquest on the body of James Hopkins—the prisoner made a deposition which I took down; this is it. (
<hi rend="italic">This, in substance, was similar to the above statement, but contained the words:</hi> "I think it was jealousy; he thought I had my arm across his wife's chest, but that was not the case.")</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-114" type="surname" value="HIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-114" type="given" value="OAKLEY ALFRED"/>OAKLEY ALFRED HIGGINS</persName> </hi>. I am one of the house physicians at St. Mary's Hospital—the deceased was brought there on 21st August, suffering from erysipelas, arising from a small wound above the outer part of the right eyebrow; he was extremely ill, and was very tremulous and delirious; he got worse, and died on the 30th from the erysipelas.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-115" type="surname" value="WETHERHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-115" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT WETHERHEAD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant D</hi>). I arrested the prisoner on 4th September, at the Coroner's Court, for causing the death of James Hopkins by striking him on the head on the 18th—he said nothing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-656-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-656-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-656-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<rs id="t18900908-656-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-656-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-656-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner for assaulting the same person, on which no evidence was offered.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-656-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-656-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-656-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-657">
<interp inst="t18900908-657" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-657" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-657-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-657-18900908 t18900908-657-offence-1 t18900908-657-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-657-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-657-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-657-18900908" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-657-18900908" type="surname" value="JOHNS"/>
<interp inst="def1-657-18900908" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID JOHNS</hi> </persName> (20; was indicted
<rs id="t18900908-657-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-657-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-657-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with, the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18900908-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-117" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-117" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-657-offence-1 t18900908-name-117"/>George Adams</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-118" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-118" type="given" value="PAUL"/>MR. PAUL TAYLOR</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-119" type="surname" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-119" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH FRANCIS</persName> </hi>. I am a fish dealer, and live in Spelham Terrace, Stanwell—on Monday evening, 4th August, I was outside the Crooked Billet public-house, and had a cocoa-nut pitch there—there was a van or</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080028"/>
<p>brake there with a number of men and women; one man got down, and after chucking" eight balls he would not pay; ho struck me and I struck him, and a woman struck me; others joined in the quarrel—I did not notice the deceased or Adams taking any part in it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was Bank Holiday—after the prisoner struck me another man struck and kicked me, and a woman struck me; I was knocked down, and my wife also—the scrimmage went on for five or ten minutes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-120" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-120" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ADAMS</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Crooked Billet, at Stanwell—on 4th August, about a quarter to seven, a party of fifteen men and women drove up in a brake—I supplied them with refreshments—they left about twenty minutes to eight—they were perfectly sober; the prisoner was one of the party—shortly after I went outside on the doorstep and saw George Adams, and stood talking to him—there were two separate parties, men and women, having a regular skirmish—the prisoner came from the rear of the van, and deliberately struck the deceased on the rig lit chest—it knocked him over a pair of steps, and his head came in contact with the surface water pipe; he got up and placed his hands to his head, and said, "Oh my head!"—the prisoner struck him three deliberate blows on the back, and knocked him into the front door of my house—he did not attempt to retaliate at all; he walked about a little and then came and stood by my bar window—in the meantime the prisoner had driven off with his party—in consequence of what I was told, I afterwards went outside again and saw Adams lying on the ground; I got some water and bathed his temples and mouth, and felt his pulse, it was beating remarkably clear; I put my hand on his heart, and its action was gradually dying out—I sent for the police and Doctor Prince, who arrived about an hour afterwards; at that time Adams was dead—next morning I saw the prisoner at Battersea Police-station, and at once picked him out from about twelve people—I have not the least doubt that ho is the man that struck the blows; I conversed with him about ten minutes before he left my house—I know the deceased well; he was a quiet, inoffensive man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I understood that the prisoner was the driver of the van—at the time I was talking to Adams the people who were skirmishing were about fifteen paces from us, I should think the party did not exceed thirty—this all happened very quickly—the parties were skirmishing with each other and with the cocoa-nut man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-121" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-121" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WEST</persName> </hi>. I am a drayman and live at Stanwell—I was outside the Crooked Billet—I saw Adams outside talking to the landlord—I saw the prisoner hit him and knock him two or throe paces, then he hit him again and knocked him over some steps, and his head came in contact with the slack pipe in the wall; he got up, put his hands to the back of his head, and said, "Oh my head!" and while there the prisoner hit him three more times in the chest—he then went and stood under the coffee-room window; ho had not been standing there more than a very few minutes before he fell down and never rose again—the prisoner went and got on the box of the van and drove off in the direction of Hounslow.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had never seen him before—I was about two yards from where Adams was knocked down—the prisoner knocked him down as soon as ho came out of the door of the public-house—that was just</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080029"/>
<p>before they were going to start—the landlord came out after the man was knocked down—I did not hear any words used.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-122" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-122" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Wilson, a carman, and live in London Road, Staines—on 4th August, between seven and eight in the evening I was near the front door of the Crooked Billet—I saw two men come from the road, one hit the other and knocked him down, and his head came in contact with the brick wall; while he was down the other hit him again, and the poor man stumbled up and ran through into the bar, and I saw no more of him—I did not see what became of the other.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I could not swear to the man that knocked the other down, they were both fighting, and one seemed running round away from the other—I was close to them; it was all done in a moment—there was a rare lot of people about.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-123" type="surname" value="PRINCE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PRINCE</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon practising at Staines—on Monday evening, 4th August, about nine, I was called to the Crooked Billet, and saw the deceased; he was quite dead—on the 7th I made a post mortem examination—I found a bruise about half an inch in diameter in front of the right shoulder and another at the back of the head, a depressed mark about an inch and a half in circumference—those injuries were such as might have been caused by a fall or blows—there was internal injury corresponding with that on the head—the heart and liver were enlarged, the muscles slightly fatty, and the bowels incompetent—the lungs had slight adhesions on the right side—death arose from an excessive shock acting on a weak system.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-124" type="surname" value="TAPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-124" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH TAPSON</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, and live at 259, Battersea Park Road—on Bank Holiday I was one of the party that went in the brake to Virginia Water—the prisoner was the driver—we stopped at the Crooked Billet—I saw a disturbance at the cocoa-nut place—I saw a crowd of people, and a woman lying in the crowd, and all the company we had in the brake were trying to rescue heir—the prisoner was at his horse's head sponging it with water—I saw the landlord inside the bar—the prisoner remained whore he was till he got on his box and drove off—it was not possible that he could have knocked anybody down without my seeing him; he was in my sight all the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We had some refreshment there; I don't think we were there quite an hour altogether—I had not the prisoner in my sight all that time, but I kept looking round to see where he was—he did not go away from the brake; I did not see any man knocked down, or on the ground, only the woman; someone had been fighting with her, and the men were trying to pick her up—I did not see all that was going on.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-125" type="surname" value="REDFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-125" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY REDFORD</persName> </hi>. I am a general dealer in Battersea Park Road—I was one of the party with the brake—I saw no disturbance, there had been one—we were all up in the brake then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-126" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-126" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LEE</persName> </hi>. I am a carman—I was with the party in the van—I was at the back of the public-house having a wash, and I ran out and saw gipsy Francis there, he went to hit a female; I put up my hand to stop him, and he hit me in the eye—I hit him in self-defence—I had a knock behind the ear—I rushed round the brake and saw the prisoner standing by the side of his brake ready to drive away—I did not see any man knocked down</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080030"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner drove off in two or three minutes, as quick as he could—when I came out of the house a man they called
<hi rend="italic">Cat</hi> was lying in the road with his nose bleeding.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-657-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-657-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-657-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-657-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-657-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-657-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-657-18900908 t18900908-657-punishment-17"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-658">
<interp inst="t18900908-658" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-658" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-658-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-658-18900908 t18900908-658-offence-1 t18900908-658-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-658-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-658-18900908 t18900908-658-offence-2 t18900908-658-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-658-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-658-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-658-18900908" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-658-18900908" type="surname" value="LARWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-658-18900908" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE LARWOOD</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-658-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-658-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-658-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Feloniously ravishing and carnally knowing
<persName id="t18900908-name-128" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-128" type="surname" value="LARWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-128" type="given" value="CLARA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-658-offence-1 t18900908-name-128"/>Clara Larwood</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-658-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-658-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-658-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<rs id="t18900908-658-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-658-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-658-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner for an indecent assault upon
<persName id="t18900908-name-129">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-129" type="surname" value="LARWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-129" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>Florence Larwood</persName>, upon which no evidence teas offered.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-658-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-658-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-658-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-659">
<interp inst="t18900908-659" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-659" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-659-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-659-18900908 t18900908-659-offence-1 t18900908-659-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-659-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-659-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-659-18900908" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-659-18900908" type="surname" value="BEAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-659-18900908" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BEAVIS</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-659-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-659-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-659-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-659-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-659-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-659-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a chain and locket from the person of
<persName id="t18900908-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-131" type="surname" value="LEVER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-131" type="given" value="ELLIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-659-offence-1 t18900908-name-131"/>Ellis Lever</persName>, after a conviction at Clerkenwell on
<rs id="t18900908-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-659-offence-1 t18900908-cd-1"/>24th of February</rs>, 1890.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-659-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-659-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-659-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-659-18900908 t18900908-659-punishment-18"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-660">
<interp inst="t18900908-660" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-660" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-660-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-660-18900908 t18900908-660-offence-1 t18900908-660-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-660-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-660-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-660-18900908" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-660-18900908" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY BAKER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18900908-660-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-660-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-660-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to stealing goods and money of
<persName id="t18900908-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-133" type="surname" value="FOLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-133" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-660-offence-1 t18900908-name-133"/>John Foley</persName>, in his dwelling-house.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-660-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-660-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-660-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-660-18900908 t18900908-660-punishment-19"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Days' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-660-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-660-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-660-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-661">
<interp inst="t18900908-661" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-661" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-661-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-661-18900908 t18900908-661-offence-1 t18900908-661-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-661-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-661-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-661-18900908" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-661-18900908" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-661-18900908" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD MOORE</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-661-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-661-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-661-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18900908-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-135" type="surname" value="HOSKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-135" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-661-offence-1 t18900908-name-135"/>Alice Hoskins</persName>, and stealing a quantity of cigars and 3s. 11 1/2 d., having been previously convicted in the name of
<persName id="t18900908-name-136">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-136" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-136" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>George White</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-661-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-661-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-661-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-661-18900908 t18900908-661-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-661-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-661-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-661-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-662">
<interp inst="t18900908-662" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-662" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-662-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-662-18900908 t18900908-662-offence-1 t18900908-662-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-662-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-662-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-662-18900908" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-662-18900908" type="surname" value="PRITCHARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-662-18900908" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES PRITCHARD</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-662-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-662-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-662-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18900908-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-138" type="surname" value="HOWE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-138" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-662-offence-1 t18900908-name-138"/>Thomas Howe</persName>, and stealing goods and money value 35s.</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-662-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-662-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-662-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-662-18900908 t18900908-662-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">One Month's Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-662-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-662-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-662-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-663">
<interp inst="t18900908-663" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-663" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-663-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-663-18900908 t18900908-663-offence-1 t18900908-663-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-663-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-663-18900908 t18900908-663-offence-1 t18900908-663-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-663-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-663-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-663-18900908" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-663-18900908" type="surname" value="BELCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-663-18900908" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BELCHER</hi> (19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-663-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-663-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-663-18900908" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-663-18900908" type="surname" value="NORTHCOTE"/>
<interp inst="def2-663-18900908" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD NORTHCOTE</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-663-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-663-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-663-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18900908-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-141" type="surname" value="BETJEMANN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-141" type="given" value="GILBERT HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-663-offence-1 t18900908-name-141"/>Gilbert Henry Betjemann</persName>, and stealing a coat and other articles, his property, Northcote having been convicted in 1872.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-663-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-663-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-663-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-663-18900908 t18900908-663-punishment-22"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-663-18900908 t18900908-663-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour Each.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-663-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-663-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-663-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-664">
<interp inst="t18900908-664" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-664" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-664-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-664-18900908 t18900908-664-offence-1 t18900908-664-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-664-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-664-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18900908" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18900908" type="surname" value="BALCON"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18900908" type="given" value="DAVID JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID JOSEPH BALCON</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-664-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-664-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-664-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Feloniously breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t18900908-name-143" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-143" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-143" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-143" type="occupation" value="shopkeeper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-664-offence-1 t18900908-name-143"/>Henry Randall</persName>, and stealing three pairs of boots and three pairs of shoes.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUGGINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-144" type="surname" value="EGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-144" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On 26th August I examined the bootshop, 134, Cheapside—I found the plate glass window broken, and the boots in the window in a disorderly state—on 2nd September I went to Worship Street and showed the prisoner these boots and shoes, which were then in possession of a constable—I said, "You had these boots and shoes in your possession"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "I shall charge you with breaking and entering the premises, 134, Cheapside, and stealing from there"—he said, "I did not steal them"—I said, "Where did you get them from then?"—he said, "A man gave them to me in Aldgate, on that night, about half-past ten, and asked me to take them to the lodginghouse"—I said, "Who was the man?"—he said, "I don't know, only</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080031"/>
<p>that he looked like a labourer"—I took him to the City, and charged him with breaking into the premises—he made no answer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-145" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-145" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MASON</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Henry Randall, of 134, Cheapside—on 25th August I shut and fastened up my premises about eight o'clock—there are no shutters to the plate glass windows, but an iron gate, through which you can see the boots—my assistant was there when I got there next morning about ten—the window was broken; there was a hole about two feet square—these boots are ours, and were there the night before only a few inches from the glass—they could be taken from the outside by a hand—this broken window was at the side, in Gutter Lane.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-146" type="surname" value="WATCHHORN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-146" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WATCHHORN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 92). At half-past 7 p.m. on 1st September I was called to the Victoria Hall Lodging-house, Commercial Street Spitalfields, to take the prisoner into custody for stealing a pair of boots belonging to a lodger there—these boots were handed to me by the manager of the home, who said he found three pairs of boots and three pairs of shoes under the prisoner's bed on the morning of 26th August—I asked the prisoner how they came into his possession—he said they were given to him on the evening of the 25th August by a drunken man in Aldgate, to take care of for him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-147" type="surname" value="CLOUGHTON"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-147" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CLOUGHTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 626). At five minutes past 12 on the morning of the 26th I went by the prosecutor's window in Cheapside; it was perfectly safe—at twenty minutes past 12 I passed by again and saw the window was broken, and that some boots were stolen—there was a hole in the glass large enough to put your arm in and take a boot out—it looked as if it had been struck with something hard—the plate glass was about? of an inch—I saw nobody about.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I did not see you that night.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defence said that a drunken man asked him to take care of the boots and shoes, and that he left them at the lodging-house.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner was further indicted for having been convicted of felony at this Court in February</hi>, 1889,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of David Josephs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-148" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-148" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK COOKE</persName> </hi>. I am a warder of Holloway Prison—I had the prisoner in my custody for some months in 1889—I am quite sure he is the same man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-149" type="surname" value="EGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-149" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EGAN</persName> </hi>. I was present at this Court in February Sessions last year, when the prisoner was convicted of two cases of shop-breaking and sentenced to twenty months' imprisonment, in the name of David Josephs—I had him in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner.</hi> I was tried here, and got twenty months.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-664-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-664-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-664-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**</p>
<hi rend="italic">Mr. Gilbert said the prisoner had been in a lunatic asylum some time ago, but that there were no signs of insanity about him now.—
<rs id="t18900908-664-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-664-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-664-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-664-18900908 t18900908-664-punishment-23"/>Five Year's Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-665">
<interp inst="t18900908-665" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-665" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-665-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-665-18900908 t18900908-665-offence-1 t18900908-665-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-665-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-665-18900908 t18900908-665-offence-2 t18900908-665-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-665-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-665-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-665-18900908" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-665-18900908" type="surname" value="KIPPIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-665-18900908" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES KIPPIN</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-665-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-665-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-665-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-665-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-665-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-665-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a watch and chain from the person of
<persName id="t18900908-name-151" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-151" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-151" type="given" value="ANN MARIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-665-offence-1 t18900908-name-151"/>Ann Maria Collins</persName>,</rs> and
<rs id="t18900908-665-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-665-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-665-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>to four other indictments for stealing from the person.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-665-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-665-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-665-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-665-18900908 t18900908-665-punishment-24"/>Seven Year's Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">commended the conduct of Constable Marshall, and of a pawnbroker, Walter Besant, and to the latter</hi> £1 10s.
<hi rend="italic">was awarded. There were two other indictments against the prisoner.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-666">
<interp inst="t18900908-666" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-666" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-666-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-666-18900908 t18900908-666-offence-1 t18900908-666-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-666-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-666-18900908 t18900908-666-offence-2 t18900908-666-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-666-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-666-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-666-18900908" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-666-18900908" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-666-18900908" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GRANT</hi> (28)</persName> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-666-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-666-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-666-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18900908-666-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-666-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-666-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to obtaining by false pretences £10 from
<persName id="t18900908-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-153" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-153" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-666-offence-1 t18900908-name-153"/>John Frost</persName>, and other sums from other persons, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18900908-666-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-666-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-666-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to three indictments for forging and uttering orders for the payment of money,</rs> and also to a conviction of felony in April, 1887. **—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-666-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-666-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-666-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-666-18900908 t18900908-666-punishment-25"/>Twenty Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-667">
<interp inst="t18900908-667" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-667" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-667-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-667-18900908 t18900908-667-offence-1 t18900908-667-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080032"/>
<persName id="def1-667-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-667-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-667-18900908" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-667-18900908" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-667-18900908" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE TYLER</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-667-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-667-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-667-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, to unlawfully inflicting grievous bodily harm on
<persName id="t18900908-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-155" type="surname" value="RODWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-155" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-667-offence-1 t18900908-name-155"/>Henry George Rodwell.</persName> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-667-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-667-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-667-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.] The prosecutor strongly recommended the prisoner to mercy.</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-667-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-667-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-667-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-667-18900908 t18900908-667-punishment-26"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Days' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-668">
<interp inst="t18900908-668" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-668" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-668-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-668-18900908 t18900908-668-offence-1 t18900908-668-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-668-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-668-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18900908" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18900908" type="surname" value="KEARSEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18900908" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM KEARSEY</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-668-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-668-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-668-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to two indictments for stealing thirteen jackets from the warehouse of
<persName id="t18900908-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-157" type="surname" value="PACKER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-157" type="given" value="EDWARD ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-668-offence-1 t18900908-name-157"/>Edward Arthur Packer</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-668-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-668-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-668-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-668-18900908 t18900908-668-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-668-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-668-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-668-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, September</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Charles.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-669">
<interp inst="t18900908-669" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-669" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-669-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-669-18900908 t18900908-669-offence-1 t18900908-669-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-669-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-669-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-669-18900908" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-669-18900908" type="surname" value="VALLI"/>
<interp inst="def1-669-18900908" type="given" value="MARZIELLI"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARZIELLI VALLI</hi> (24)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18900908-669-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-669-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-669-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's inquisition with, the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18900908-name-159" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-159" type="surname" value="MILANDI"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-159" type="given" value="UGO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-669-offence-1 t18900908-name-159"/>Ugo Milandi</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ADDISON</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended. The Prisoner only understanding English imperfectly, an interpreter was sworn to assist him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-160" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-160" type="surname" value="TEBAU"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-160" type="given" value="ROSE"/>ROSE TEBAU</persName> </hi>. On 13th July I lived at 38, Camden Passage, Islington, with Ugo Milandi, as his wife; he was an Italian, and was about twentytwo years of age; he carried on the business of a barber there—he went out of the house about half-past eight or a quarter to nine, without saying where he was going—I did not see him again alive—next morning, about a quarter to four, a policeman fetched me to the hospital in Gray's Inn Road, and I there saw his dead body.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-161" type="surname" value="SEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-161" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR SEWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Sergeant G</hi>). I prepared a plan of the locality of Laystall Street and the neighbourhood; it is drawn to scale, and is correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-162" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-162" type="surname" value="PERGAMI"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-162" type="given" value="ARGENO"/>ARGENO PERGAMI</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I am an Italian—I am an image maker, and live at 4, Fleet Row, Eyre Street Hill—I knew Milandi for about five years, and Valli I have known about two years; he is a looking-glass frame maker—I know the Anglo—Italian Club—I have been there from time to time, and have seen Milandi and Valli there—on Sunday night, 13th July, I went there about ten—I went through the big room into a small room at the back; I saw Valli there, and Mascarini sitting down, and Milandi standing up—Valli and Mascarini were speaking to each other when I went in—I went into room No. 3, and as I came back to No. 2 I heard Milandi say to Mascarini not to believe that what Valli said was true—Valli told Milandi that it was not the first time he had told a story, and that he did not like it—Milandi replied, "I only said it because we are friends, and I shall not say any more"—Valli then hit Milandi in the forehead—Milandi wanted to fight him back; he tried to get hold of something—one of the people then prevented him, and kept them apart, and they threw Valli out of the door—I saw Valli feel in his pocket like that (
<hi rend="italic">describing</hi>)—Milandi was then standing inside the lobby—Valli was outside on the pavement; Milandi said to Mascarini, "You let Valli give me a blow on the head, but you will pay for it"—I did not see what happened after that, because I went into the third room, leaving Milandi in No. 1—afterwards, when I was in No. 3 room, Valli came in and sat</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080033"/>
<p>down by himself, just by the corner; a girl came up and said to him, "Your young woman wants you," and she came and spoke to him, and said, "Let us go"—he said to her, "You go to where you have been up to now"—about eleven Valli left the room—I stopped there till one—I had not seen Milandi since I left him standing at the front door about a quarter past ten—I stayed at the club till I heard of Milandi's death.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was in No. 3 room when they were disputing, but I did not pay attention to what they were saying, I was only there about a minute or two, and then I came back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-163" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-163" type="surname" value="ROSSI"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-163" type="given" value="AGUSTO"/>AGUSTO ROSSI</persName> </hi>. I am Secretary of the Anglo—Italian Club, and live on the premises—I was in the club the whole of Sunday evening, 13th of July—I saw Valli, Milandi, and Mascarini there—about 10 o'clock I saw Valli strike Milandi, it caught him between the chin and the shoulder—Mascarini was talking to Valli about selling his furniture, and Milandi said to Mascarini, "What do you want to do business with that man for?" alluding to the prisoner—the prisoner did not say anything at first—Milandi repeated the words, and then the prisoner asked him what he meant; there was one word and another, and then one blow was struck—the prisoner said, "What did Milandi say?"—he said, "He only said it in a joke"—the prisoner said he would not mind if they were alone, but he objected to it before other people—there were some other harsh words, but I do not quite remember them—as soon as Valli struck Milandi he took up a chair as though to hit Valli—I jumped off the table where I was sitting and stopped him, and took him into room No. 1—I left Valli in the other room with Mascarini—after that Milandi came back to room No. 2, then they renewed the quarrel, and Milandi invited Valli to go outside and fight; Milandi proceeded to the door first, and Valli followed, and as soon as he got to the door Milandi struck out at him, and the porter, Parnallo, took hold of Milandi and brought him in; at the same time I caught hold of Valli and said, "Don't have any row here," and he dropped his stick and said he did not want any row there, it was all over—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the stick, the porter picked it up and gave it to another person, who gave it to Valli afterwards—Valli then came back into the club, Milandi was there—Valli came in to No. 2, and afterwards went upstairs to the dancing-room—Milandi went away with Mascarini, and came back a few minutes afterwards—Valli left the club a few minutes before 12; at that time Milandi was playing cards in No. 1, at a table under the shop window—he was sitting in such a place that he could see anybody pass out; he did not finish the game, he threw down the cards, and went off in a hurry.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been about seven months in this club, since the 15th February—the club is for the social meetings and enjoyments of Italians—it is a well-conducted, orderly club—I have known Valli and Milandi since I have been there—I have no special friendship for the one or the other—Milandi I have known four or five years, but Valli only since I have been secretary—Milandi was a stout and very powerful man; when he had a drop too much he was of a violent temper—he began this quarrel at the time Mascarini and Valli were speaking quietly—Valli is a cabinet-maker—he has always been a quiet, inoffensive man since I have known him; that has been his character and reputation; he is a hard working man—Milandi seemed very excited before the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080034"/>
<p>blow was given—he used a few words before the blow; lie used the word
<hi rend="italic">besta</hi>, that means a beast—he called Valli that before the blow was struck—he very likely used the word
<hi rend="italic">villiaco</hi>, but I was excited keeping him quiet, I can't pledge myself to exact words, they were insulting words—afterwards, when they were at the door, Milandi struck Valli, and they closed, but were separated—afterwards Milandi was playing cards with Gravachi, Mingatti, and Silvestrini, that was about eleven—Milandi was first sitting by the side of the door, and he afterwards changed his seat to the other side; from that seat he could see the door better, because he would be opposite it—I saw Valli leave; he passed through the first room, and a few minutes afterwards Milandi threw down his cards, and left quickly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had often seen Milandi and Valli together—this was the first time I had seen a blow struck in the club—there were a great many words said in the excitement, before the blow was struck—Valli had been drinking, he was a little under the influence of liquor—Milandi was not—I had always seen the prisoner with this stick.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-164" type="surname" value="GOBLE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-164" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GOBLE</persName> </hi>. I live at 110, Farringdon Road Buildings—I work at a brewery—on the morning of 14th July, about twenty-five minutes past twelve, I was coming up Great Bath Street, Clerkenwell, going home—I saw two men standing in Farringdon Road, just above Vineyard Walk, as if talking together, about a yard apart—as I looked at them I saw the one who had his back to me, close with the other, and the other jumped away and said, "I am stabbed," and cried out, "Murder"—I was about seven or eight yards from them—the man who cried out ran across the road towards the Fire station, calling out "Murder" as he ran—the other man started after him, and stumbled; he had a stick in his hand, it was raised about level with his head or a trifle higher; he held the ferrule end, and the top was upwards—that man appeared to be the prisoner, when I saw him in charge of the Police—the other man ran down Mount Pleasant, round the corner in the direction of the New Road, and the other man after him; when he stumbled the other in front gained on him, he ran down Cold Bath Square; I lost sight of both of them there; I then turned and went back the way I had come; when I got a little way down Bath Street I saw the prisoner, a policeman, and another man (Till) standing together at the corner of Cold Bath Square; the other man was a long distance down Bath Street, on the ground on his back, bleeding—I waited there till I saw him put on a shutter and taken away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was walking from Holborn at an ordinary pace when I saw the two men; there was nothing particular to attract my attention to them; I did not stop till I heard the deceased call out, "I am stabbed"—I am sure those were the words—it was said in English—he called out "Murder" as plain as I could—there was only them in the road—it was not a very dark night; there were lights there—they were standing just above a gas light; the lamp was between me and them—I had not walked many steps between first seeing them and hearing the cry.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was about seven or eight yards from them at the time this occurred.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-165" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-165" type="surname" value="TILL"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-165" type="given" value="LINDSAY"/>LINDSAY TILL</persName> </hi>. I am a cabdriver, and live at 7, Mount Pleasant, Clerkenwell—on this Sunday night, about twenty minutes past twelve, I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080035"/>
<p>was in the passage of my house; my attention was attracted by cries of "Murde"—I went to the door, and saw the deceased running past, continually crying "Murder" as he ran—close behind him I saw the prisoner also running—lie had this stick in his hand, holding it about the middle, with the knob end towards the deceased—I saw blood on the pavement—I ran after the prisoner and caught him in Cold Bath Square—I called to him, "What is this?"—he stopped and turned round and faced me, and said, "That man," moving his head in the direction of the deceased, "came up and struck me twice in the face," making a motion with his fist of a blow in the cheek—I said, "What did you do? have you struck him with that stick?"—he said, "No; I will see if he has robbed me," and he put his hand in his pocket and pulled out his watch; he examined it back and front, and said, "No, no; it's all right," and put it back in his pocket—I did not think it was all right, and said, "You will have to come round the corner and see"—he said, "Yes," and turned round and started to run in the same direction as the deceased had gone—I ran also, and when I got into Great Bath Street the prisoner stopped dead—I took hold of his arm, and following the direction of his eyes, I saw a police constable coming up on the other side of the road with his lantern on the ground tracing the blood—I called him, and said, "This is the man that was running after," and he took hold of his arm, and said he would have to go back—I went with them, and some distance down we saw the deceased lying in the road saturated with blood—after that I went to the station—the prisoner's remarks were in English.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He had his hat on, his tie and collar were broken, a little disarranged; that might have been in the scuffle—I did not see that his hat was indented.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-166" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-166" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WHITE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk, and live at 67, Eden Grove, Holloway—about half-past twelve in the early morning of the 14th July I was passing along Mount Pleasant, on the side of the Parcel Post Office; I heard very loud shouts of "Murder," and saw two men running, one after the other; one I afterwards identified as the deceased, the other was the prisoner; they were running from the direction of Farringdon Road, down Mount Pleasant—the deceased turned round into Cold Bath Square—I crossed over and said to the prisoner, "What is all this about? what is the matter?"—he said, pointing in the direction of the deceased, "That man has been trying to steal my watch; he has given me two punches in the eye"—he took out his watch in a very excited manner and looked at it—I said, "If he bas been trying to take your watch you had better come down and see if he will be caught"—we then half walked and half ran down the street, and presently I saw the deceased fall in the middle of the road, and I went up—I did not see the witness Till, not till he appeared at the police-court—I lost sight of the prisoner just for a moment, and saw him about a minute after wards in charge of two constables—I told them what I had seen, and accompanied them and the prisoner to the station—on the way the prisoner said, "That man insult me in the club; he give me two punch in the eye;" and a little while after he said, "That man insult me in the club; he give me two punch in the head."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was not a particularly dark night; not more than usual—he said this man had insulted him in the club; he said it two or three times; first when I met him—he said, "That man has given me</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080036"/>
<p>two punches in the eye; I shall see if he has stolen my watch"—he appeared to be very excited—it was on the way to the station that he said the man had insulted him in the club—I did not notice the stick.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-167" type="surname" value="SELBY"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-167" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER SELBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 218). About ten minutes past twelve, on the morning of 14th July, I was on duty in Eyre Street Hill—I heard cries of "Murder"—I went into Great Bath Street, and there saw the deceased running towards me; he fell on his face into the roadway, close to Little Warner Street—I went up to him and turned him over on his back, and then saw that he was bleeding from his left thigh—I was within about ten or fifteen yards from him when he fell—he had no stick or anything—another constable came up; I left the deceased in his care, and went in the direction from which he had come—when I got to the corner of Cold Bath Square I saw the prisoner and Till come round the corner—I was following the blood with my light; I crossed over to them, and Till said, in the prisoner's presence, "This is the man; he was running after him"—I told the prisoner he would have to come back with me—he said, "I was struck in the face from behind"—I took him to where the deceased was lying, and handed him over to Constable Bullen—at the time I spoke to the prisoner he was carrying this stick—the deceased was put on a shutter and taken to the Royal Free Hospital—I tied a handkerchief round him, and attempted to stop the bleeding—Sabini, an Italian, assisted me—on the way to the hospital I heard Sabini speak to the deceased in Italian; when we got to the hospital he was dead.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-168" type="surname" value="BULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-168" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BULLEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 220). I was on duty on Eyre Street Hill in the early morning of 14th July—I heard cries of "Murder!" and went in the direction, and found the deceased lying in Bath Street—the prisoner was given into my custody by Selby—I took him to the station—on the way he said, "Someone struck me in the eye from behind, I followed him; I did not know if he was the man I quarrelled with in the club"—at the station, Inspector Radley instructed me to search the prisoner; I did so, and found this knife in his outside left breast pocket—it was closed—there were a few wet blood stains upon it—the inspector opened it—I noticed the prisoner's face; he had no marks on him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examnined.</hi> I did not notice his collar, or that his hat was knocked in; he did not appear excited.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-169" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-169" type="surname" value="SABINI"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-169" type="given" value="OCTAVIO"/>OCTAVIO SABINI</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Little Bath Street—I helped to carry the deceased to the hospital; he knew me—I spoke to him; I had got hold of his hand or arm—I asked him how he felt—he said he did not feel very well—I told him to be quiet, we were going to the hospital—he died about five minutes afterwards, before we got to the hospital—he said nothing further as to how he felt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-170" type="surname" value="RADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-170" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES RADLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector G</hi>). I was on duty at King's Cross Station at about a quarter to one, when the prisoner was brought in by Bullen, who said he was charged with stabbing a man—I asked the prisoner if he could speak English; he said, "Yes, a little"—I said, "You are accused of stabbing a man"—he said, "I know nothing about it; a man struck me two times on my head; I ran after him; he fell down, and the policeman brought me to this station"—I said, "Have you got a knife in your pocket?"—he said, "No"—I then directed Bullen to search him, and I saw him take this knife from his breast coat pocket, it was closed; I opened it; it had on it what appeared to me to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080037"/>
<p>be wet blood; there are the remains of it on it now—I afterwards learnt that the man was dead—I then entered the charge of murder on the charge-sheet, and had it interpreted to the prisoner, and he said, "I have not murdered nobody, I followed behind; if I have done anything, I have done it in self-defence"—an hour or two afterwards I went to the hospital and saw the body of the deceased—I saw his trousers, and found through the left thigh a cut corresponding with the cut in his left thigh—it was such a cut as might have been produced by this knife—the deceased had no knife in his possession—I afterwards went to the spot where this was alleged to have occurred, and in the centre of the Farringdon roadway, between Vineyard Walk and the Fire Station, found traces of blood on the right-hand pavement—I traced them across the road, past the Fire Station, down Mount Pleasant to Cold Bath Square, a distance of 270 yards, to where the man dropped—the distance from the club to where I first saw traces of blood was about half a mile—that was from Laystall Street, along Clerkenwell Road, down Eyre Street Hill, Little Bath Street, up Great Bath Street, into Farringdon Road; that was the shortest way.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The first answers the prisoner gave me were in English; the last was through an interpreter—besides those answers he spoke a great deal in Italian, both before and after; he was anxious to talk a great deal more—he said several things I did not understand before the interpreter arrived.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-171" type="surname" value="GALE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-171" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR GALE</persName> </hi>. I am a registered medical officer at the Royal Free Hospital—I saw the deceased when he was brought there about a quarter to one; he was then dead—I saw that he had a wound on the left thigh—it was about 3 1/2 inches deep—he had died from loss of blood—I afterwards made a post-mortem examination, and found that the femoral artery had been half divided; a fair amount of force must have been required to cause such a wound—such a wound could be caused by this knife.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The wound was on the outside of the left thigh, a fleshy part—the femoral artery is more on the inner side—the knife went right in and caught the artery; had it fallen short of that it would not necessarily have been fatal.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-172" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-172" type="surname" value="ROSSI"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-172" type="given" value="AGUSTO"/>AGUSTO ROSSI</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The deceased lived in Camden Passage, Islington—Valli lived in Goswell Road—they would both go home in the same direction.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ADDISON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that the Prisoner was anxious to make a statement, before he addressed the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">to which</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE CHARLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">acceded. The prisoner then produced a written statement, which</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ADDISON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated was entirely his own production; being in Italian, an interpreter was sworn to translate it; it was very long, and purported to give an exact account of his proceedings on the day in question; the material portion, relating to the occurrence in the club, was in accordance with the evidence given by the Witnesses, and as to the fatal act, it alleged that it was done in self-defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-173" type="surname" value="GRAVACHI"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-173" type="given" value="ANTONIO"/>ANTONIO GRAVACHI</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). On Sunday evening, 13th July, I was one of a party of four playing cards at the club; Mingatti, Silvestrini, and Milandi were the others—Milandi changed his position at the table; when he threw down his cards and left the room he was in a bad temper, enraged.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080038"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He only played for two or three minutes after Valli had left the club; I can't say to a minute or two, but it was directly after.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-174" type="surname" value="METTINI"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-174" type="given" value="THEODORE"/>THEODORE METTINI</persName> </hi>. On this Sunday night, after twelve, I was stand
<lb/>ing outside the club, when Milandi came out; he was my mate, he was in a very bad temper; I tried to stop him from going away, but he knocked me back—I left him outside the door, looking about.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-175" type="surname" value="MARCHINI"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-175" type="given" value="PAUL"/>PAUL MARCHINI</persName> </hi>. I am a hairdresser and live at 14, Eyre Street Hill—I knew Milandi; he was a hairdresser, and was a friend of mine—I do not know Valli—on Sunday, 13th July, a little after midnight, I was outside Milano's restaurant, on Eyre Street Hill, talking to three constables, when Milandi passed by; he was not going very quick, and was not in good temper—I said, "Good-night;" he did not answer me as he ought to have done—I went with him to the bottom of Eyre Street Hill; he turned round abruptly, and asked me if I knew Valli; that was just at the corner of Warner Street; I left him there—I had not seen Valli that evening.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-176" type="surname" value="MEMORY"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-176" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED MEMORY</persName> </hi>. I am a looking-glass manufacturer—I have known the prisoner about five years; he has worked for me three separate times, first as a boy at ten shillings a week; latterly he has been working as a cabinet-maker—he lived directly opposite the end of Colebrook Row, within about fifty yards of the Angel—if he was going home from his club he should go behind Sadler's Wells Walk, Exmouth Street, by the Fire Station in Farringdon Road; or from Laystall Street, on Mount Pleasant, to the Fire Station, and then up Exmouth Street to the Angel—I think the nearest way would be by Mount Pleasant; I always walked that way myself—the prisoner was in my employment at the time this occurred—I have always found him very quiet and trustworthy and industrious.</p>
<rs id="t18900908-669-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-669-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-669-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of Manslaughter.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-669-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-669-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-669-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-669-18900908 t18900908-669-punishment-28"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-670">
<interp inst="t18900908-670" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-670" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-670-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-670-18900908 t18900908-670-offence-1 t18900908-670-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-670-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-670-18900908 t18900908-670-offence-2 t18900908-670-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-670-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-670-18900908" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-670-18900908" type="surname" value="POWER"/>
<interp inst="def1-670-18900908" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN POWER</hi>, Unlawfully</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-670-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-670-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-670-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> neglecting and ill-treating
<persName id="t18900908-name-178" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-178" type="surname" value="POWER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-178" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-670-offence-1 t18900908-name-178"/>George Power</persName>, a boy under the age of four years, in a way calculated to cause him suffering and injury to his health.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE CHARLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL'S</hi>
<hi rend="italic">attention to the fact that neglect and ill-treatment, which were separate misdemeanours, were charged together in one Count.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">suggested that he could elect to proceed upon one charge, and treat the other as surplusage.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE CHARLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">assenting to this</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that he would treat the case as one of neglect only.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found the Prisoner</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-670-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-670-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-670-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<rs id="t18900908-670-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-670-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-670-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the Prisoner for the manslaughter of the said child, upon which no evidence was offered.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-670-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-670-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-670-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, September</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-671">
<interp inst="t18900908-671" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-671" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-671-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-671-18900908 t18900908-671-offence-1 t18900908-671-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-671-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-671-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18900908" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18900908" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18900908" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN FOSTER</hi> (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-671-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-671-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-671-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-671-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-671-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-671-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18900908-name-180" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-180" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-180" type="surname" value="TUCKER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-180" type="given" value="ADA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-671-offence-1 t18900908-name-180"/>Ada Tucker</persName>, his wife being alive.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900908-671-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-671-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-671-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-671-18900908 t18900908-671-punishment-29"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Bard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-672">
<interp inst="t18900908-672" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-672" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-672-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-672-18900908 t18900908-672-offence-1 t18900908-672-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080039"/>
<persName id="def1-672-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-672-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18900908" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18900908" type="surname" value="PROPHET"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18900908" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES PROPHET</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-672-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-672-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-672-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering a cheque for £10, with intent to defraud. </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-672-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-672-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-672-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner having stated in the hearing of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">that he was guilty of the uttering, they found that verdict.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900908-672-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-672-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-672-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-672-18900908 t18900908-672-punishment-30"/>
<hi rend="italic">—Four Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-673">
<interp inst="t18900908-673" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-673" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-673-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-673-18900908 t18900908-673-offence-1 t18900908-673-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-673-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-673-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-673-18900908" type="age" value="59"/>
<interp inst="def1-673-18900908" type="surname" value="KNOWSLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-673-18900908" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES KNOWSLEY</hi> (59)</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-673-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-673-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-673-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining by false pretences twelve chemises, thirteen costumes, and other articles, from
<persName id="t18900908-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-183" type="surname" value="TROTT"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-183" type="given" value="GEORGE LIDDON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-673-offence-1 t18900908-name-183"/>George Liddon Trott</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-184" type="surname" value="WHITMORE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-184" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES WHITMORE</persName> </hi>. I am a house agent—on 4th July the prisoner called and said he had just arrived from Australia, and was buyer and manager for Messrs. Arthur and Sons, wholesale merchants, of Brisbane, Sydney, New York, Manchester, and Glasgow, and wanted a warehouse—I took him to a warehouse at 16, Manchester Avenue, which he agreed to take, but said that his principal was in New York, buying goods, and was expected in this country on the 10th or 15th—he saw the landlord next day, and made the same statements to him, and got possession that day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> Mr. Warrall consented that the rent should commence when the lease was completed on Mr. Arthur's arrival.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-185" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-185" type="given" value="OSCAR"/>OSCAR ROSE</persName> </hi>. I am a manufacturers' agent, of 1, Milk Street, Cheapside—about the middle of July I was introduced to the prisoner by a Mr. Jameson, an old friend, at the Manchester Hotel, who said that the prisoner had just arrived from Australia, and represented a large cash house, and would do business with me—the prisoner gave me this card, "Arthur and Son, Sydney and Brisbane, presented by Mr. C. Knowsley"—he asked what goods I dealt in—I said, "Waterproof principally; and he asked to see a sample—I know a firm of Arthur and Co. in Glasgow, they are millionaires; the prisoner said they were relations—I called on him with pattern books of waterproof coats, and left them with him—he afterwards wrote for sample coats, and I sent him six—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are two of them—I think I got this circular in the prisoner's office.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said that the Arthurs were wealthy people, and Mr. Arthur would pay cash—you did not say you would not require any orders to be delivered till Mr. Arthur came.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-186" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-186" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CLARK</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Alworthy Brothers, pawnbrokers, of King's Cross Road—I produce a waterproof coat, pledged with me on 30th July by the prisoner for fifteen shillings.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-187" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-187" type="given" value="OSCAR"/>OSCAR ROSE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This is one of my coats.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-188" type="surname" value="FREWER"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-188" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK FREWER</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Chapman, a pawnbroker, of Waterloo Road—I produce a waterproof coat pledged on 2nd August for fifteen shillings by a man who gave the name of Charles King—I do not recognise the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-189" type="surname" value="TROTT"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-189" type="given" value="GEORGE LIDDON"/>GEORGE LIDDON TROTT</persName> </hi>. I am a costume manufacturer, of 67, Barbican—I was introduced to the prisoner at the Manchester Hotel, about the middle of July, by Mr. Drake and Mr. Robinson, who were both known to me, as the representative of Arthur and Son, of Brisbane—on 7th August he came to my place and asked me to show him samples, which 1 did—he selected three or four, and gave me an order for about 500 costumes from one of the samples—he asked for half a dozen samples, and my lad took twelve samples to 16, Manchester Avenue—he said, "Mr. Arthur is due here</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080040"/>
<p>on August 12, but it may be the 22nd before he arrives"—he made arrangements for cash on the usual terms; I also gave him three samples of dressing-gowns—I called on him several times afterwards, but did not find him—he told me he was going to Brighton, and would not return till Tuesday—he took away a silk gown, which he wanted for a birthday present for his niece at Brighton—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are a portion of the costumes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You told me you were going
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> pay cash, and asked what my terms were—I said 3¾—you did not say that the goods could not be delivered till Mr. Arthur arrived—I said that I could turn out the costumes by the time you mentioned, which would be after Mr. Arthur's arrival—the jersey which you wanted for your niece was taken on approbation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-190" type="surname" value="DETRICHSEN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-190" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DETRICHSEN</persName> </hi>. I am an underclothing manufacturer of 38, Noble Street—I was shown this circular by a friend, and afterwards called on the prisoner at 16, Manchester Avenue, and asked him if his people were related to Arthur and Co., of Glasgow—he said yes, and that Mr. Arthur was coming over in a week or two and would give a full account of the concern—that was about July 10th—he produced a letter from young Mr. Arthur, in which he asked the prisoner to procure some underclothing for his sister, who was going to a boarding-school in Glasgow—I asked if he knew something about her style; he said that she was tallish, and not stout—I supplied a dozen chemises and a dozen drawers—ho sent a messenger for them, and I next saw them at the Police-court—these are them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I parted with my goods because it promised to be a big order from a Sydney house, and the genuine tone of the letter—I believed there was such a house in Sydney and Brisbane.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-191" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-191" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WESTON</persName> </hi>. I represent Arthur and Co., Limited, of Glasgow; they have a warehouse in London, and carry on business at Brisbane and Sydney—I do not know of any other house of that name in Sydney, Brisbane, or Glasgow—they have no house in New York or Manchester—I do not know the prisoner, he has no connection with the firm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-192" type="surname" value="EGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-192" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EGAN</persName> </hi>. I have known the prisoner since last year, and have seen him so frequently that he could not have been in Australia during that time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900908-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-193" type="surname" value="DUKES"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-name-193" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DUKES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 697). On 12th August I saw the prisoner leave a lodging-house in Stamford Street carrying two parcels, the property which has been identified by Mr. Trott—I told him I was a police officer, and said, "What have you got there?" he said, "Two costumes and a garibaldi," I said, "Where did you get them from?" he said, "From Mr. Trott, costume manufacturer, Barbican"—I said, "How came you to getthem?"—he handed me this circular, and said, "That is who I am"—I was not satisfied, and took him to Kennington Lane Station—he was charged with unlawful possession, discharged next day, and charged again in the City—I found on him forty-one duplicates and 1d.—three of the duplicates related to these waterproof coats—I said, "I shall arrest you again, and take you to the City, where you will be charged with obtaining goods by false pretences, and representing yourself to be the buyer of Arthur and Co., of Sydney and Brisbane"—he said, "I don't know Mr. Arthur; I have been led into this by a man named Milne"—I said, "Where is Mr. Milne? can you give me his address?"—he said,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189009080041"/>
<p>"No"—later on he said, "You will find three pawn-tickets relating to three waterproof coats, and the other coats you will find in my warehouse"—I went there and found all the property produced except three waterproofs and three costumes, which I found at his lodgings—all the property produced to-day has been identified—there were no books or signs of business at Manchester Avenue, only some paper torn up.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found some invoices of goods, and have produced them—you offered to take me to Mr. Trott, and to the landlord of 16, Manchester Avenue—I have an invoice in my pocket from Lee, of Southwark (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—you did not tell me that Mr. Milne had gone to Manchester—I could not make inquiries about him, you told me you did not know where he lived—you told me that you saw an advertisement for a manager for the London branch, and answered it eight months ago—you did not say that you received a reply—you said that you met Mr. Milne at the Manchester Hotel—you said you were going to Loughborough Junction, but you turned towards the Strand—I said, "This is not the way."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He lodged in Stamford Street, at 1s. a night.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his defence, stated that he was engaged by Milne, who stated that he was' the agent of Arthur and Co., and that all the orders were given subject to Mr. Arthur's arrival, which had not taken place when he was taken into custody.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900908-673-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-673-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-673-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony on January</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1890
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900908-673-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-673-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-673-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-673-18900908 t18900908-673-punishment-31"/>—Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900908-674">
<interp inst="t18900908-674" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900908"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-674" type="date" value="18900908"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-674-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-674-18900908 t18900908-674-offence-1 t18900908-674-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-674-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-674-18900908 t18900908-674-offence-1 t18900908-674-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900908-674-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-674-18900908 t18900908-674-offence-2 t18900908-674-verdict-3"/>
<persName id="def1-674-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-674-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18900908" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18900908" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18900908" type="occupation" value="railway employee"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS WARD</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-674-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-674-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-674-18900908" type="surname" value="VIGAR"/>
<interp inst="def2-674-18900908" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="def2-674-18900908" type="occupation" value="railway employee"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED VIGAR</hi>, Stealing</persName>
<rs id="t18900908-674-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-674-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-674-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> two crabs of the
<persName id="t18900908-name-196" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900908-name-196" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900908-674-offence-1 t18900908-name-196"/>London and South-Western Railway Company</persName>, their masters; and </rs>
<persName id="def3-674-18900908" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-674-18900908" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-674-18900908" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def3-674-18900908" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED BROWN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18900908-674-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900908-674-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900908-674-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. H. AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Ward</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PASSMORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Vigar, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>