<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t18900728-name-1">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-1" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES DROVER"/>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</persName> </p>
<persName id="t18900728-name-2">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-2" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-2" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<persName id="t18900728-name-3">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-3" type="surname" value="BESLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-3" type="given" value="EDWARD T. E."/>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY</persName>, ESQ.,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
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<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, July 28th, 1890, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON. SIR</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-4" type="surname" value="ISAACS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-4" type="given" value="HENRY AARON"/>HENRY AARON ISAACS</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-5" type="surname" value="GRANTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-5" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRANTHAM</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-6" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-6" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Knt., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-7" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-7" type="given" value="JAMES CLARKE"/>JAMES CLARKE LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Bart., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-8" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-8" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-9" type="surname" value="SAVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-9" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SAVORY</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-10" type="surname" value="COWAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-10" type="given" value="PHINEAS"/>PHINEAS COWAN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-11" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-11" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE FAUDEL PHILLIPS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-12" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-12" type="given" value="HORATIO DAVID"/>HORATIO DAVID DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-13" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-13" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-14" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-14" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., D.C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-15" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-15" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-16" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-16" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>WALTER HENRY HARRIS</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK KYNASTON METCALFE</hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-17" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-17" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-17" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAACS, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<persName id="def1-559-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-559-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18900728" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18900728" type="surname" value="HATTERSLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18900728" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HATTERSLEY</hi> (60)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18900728-559-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-559-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-559-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> for stealing 118 forms of postal orders for 20s. each, the property of
<persName id="t18900728-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-19" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-559-offence-1 t18900728-name-19"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Court</hi>, for receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-20" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-20" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-20" type="given" value="ETHEL MADELINE"/>ETHEL MADELINE BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the postal branch of the Receiver and Accountant-General's Office of the General Post Office—this requisition form was issued for the supply of postal orders to Mr. Richardson, of the Chancery Lane Post Office—it came into my possession on the 5th of May, and among other things 300 twenty-shilling orders were supplied, in numbers from 163871 to 164170—in the ordinary course of business this form would be sent to the Comptroller of Stamps, and then on to Chancery Lane.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-21" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-21" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SMITH</persName> </hi>, I am superintendent of the postal branch at Somerset House—on 6th May I received this requisition form, and supplied Mr. Richardson, of the Chancery Lane Post Office, with 300 postal orders; I obtained his receipt for them—no other orders of those numbers have been issued by me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-22" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-22" type="surname" value="ELMES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-22" type="given" value="CATHERINE FRANCES"/>CATHERINE FRANCES ELMES</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant to Mr. Richardson at the Post Office, Chancery Lane—on Thursday, 8th May, I was at the counter there—about half-past four a boy came in for eight orders for 20s. each—I had to go to the safe for them; I took out about 130—I sold the first eight to the boy; the rest I put in the portfolio, lengthways, which was fastened by an elastic band—I afterwards sold two more; I do not remember at what time—the portfolio lay in the front of the counter, which was protected by a net work—there are two pigeon-holes through which we take the money and pass the stamps; the portfolio lay between the pigeon-holes—these seven orders are part of those that were stolen from the portfolio; none of these were issued by me—these have the signatures of Robert Reed, Robert Jones, and Lyon—there are no such persons in our office—I went off duty that evening at a quarter to seven, and Miss Mayne took charge of the counter—these orders all bear the stamp of the Greek Street Post Office of May 10th.</p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-23" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-23" type="surname" value="MAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-23" type="given" value="KATE ELIZABETH"/>KATE ELIZABETH MAYNE</persName> </hi>. I am one of the assistants at the Chancery Lane Post Office—On Thursday, 8th May, I took charge of the counter when Miss Elmes left—I went out at six and came back at a quarter to seven—I did not issue any twenty-shilling postal orders after that time—I did issue one before I went out to tea—I took that one from the portfolio on the counter—at half-past seven I gave the portfolio to Mr. Richardson; we then found that all the twenty-shilling postal orders were missing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I can't say how long it was before I went to tea that I issued the order; it was while both Miss Elmes and I were there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-24" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-24" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES RICHARDSON</persName> </hi>. I am the Post Office Receiver at Chancery Lane—on 6th May I received these three hundred twenty-shilling postal orders mentioned in the requisition—I placed part of them in one reserve book and part in another; I put one hundred and thirty of them in a portfolio in the safe—we always use them consecutively—I produce the portfolio—I believe that evening it was about the centre of the counter—it would be possible for a person to reach it through the pigeon-holes—about half-past seven I balanced the accounts with Miss Mayne—the orders were all correct, except the pound ones; I found none of those—none of these seven orders were issued from my office; they form part of the stolen orders—they are not signed by anyone in my office, or by my authority.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-25" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-25" type="surname" value="ELMES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-25" type="given" value="CATHERINE FRANCES"/>CATHERINE FRANCES ELMES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). In the course of my duty I should have to turn my back to the counter for a minute—during that time it would be easy for anyone to put their hand through the pigeonholes and reach the portfolio.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-26" type="surname" value="HATTON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-26" type="given" value="LIZZIE"/>LIZZIE HATTON</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of the Post Office Receiver in Greek Street, Soho—on Saturday, 10th May, a little after eleven, I had the office date-stamp in use on the counter—a few minutes after I missed it; it has never been found—these seven postal orders bear the impression of that stamp—none of the signatures on the orders are those of anyone in our office—about three the day before a boy who came in for stamps was playing with the stamp, and I stopped him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had used the stamp about five minutes before I missed it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-27" type="surname" value="HATTON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-27" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC HATTON</persName> </hi>. I am the Receiver at the Post Office in Greek Street—none of those seven postal orders are signed by me, or anyone in the office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-28" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-28" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-28" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Bailey, of 166, Edgware Road—on Saturday evening, 10th May, the prisoner came in, and wanted two white pocket handkerchiefs at 7 ¾d., and also some pink hops for his wife's bonnet—he said she was the same complexion as I was, and what suited me would suit her—he gave me in payment a postal order for twenty shillings—this is it (No. 163974)—I made out a bill—I next saw him at Bow Street—I had no difficulty in identifying him; I picked him out from among a group.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was in the evening that I saw him at the shop; I think between seven and eight—he appeared sober; if he had been under the influence of drink I think I should have noticed it—the order is signed S. Frost; that was on it when he gave it to me—this was a busy time; there were a good many people in the shop; two others were serving, Mr. and Mrs. Bailey, my employers—I picked the prisoner out</p>
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<p>from about eight or nine—I think there was one other about as tall as him—some of the witnesses went in before me—the prisoner was standing at the end, to the right—I looked carefully all down the line—he was in the shop about ten minutes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-29" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-29" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES WARD</persName> </hi>. I am a hosier, of 396, Oxford Street—on Saturday, 10th May, about four or five a man came in and purchased a tie and some cuffs, and tendered in payment this postal order for 20s., No. 163,978—it was in blank, just stamped, with the Postmaster's signature—I wrote, "W. Smith" on it; I trade in that name—I believe the prisoner to be the man who came in—he was in the shop about ten minutes—we had a little conversation—I had an opportunity of looking at him—I next saw him at Bow Street—I picked him out from a number of men.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe I went in before the last witness; I won't be sure—the prisoner was in the centre when I saw him—I had never seen him before he came to the shop—I belie re he was sober; I should have noticed if he had been drunk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-30" type="surname" value="SECOMBE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-30" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SECOMBE</persName> </hi>. I am a salesman at Messrs. Maple's, of Tottenham Court Road—on Saturday, 10th May, I sold two bath towels to the prisoner; he tendered this postal order for 20s., No. 163954—it has my signature at the back; that was put on it by the cashier; it is the custom for the cashier to endorse orders and cheques with the salesman's name.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I say undoubtedly that the prisoner is the man—the order was not signed in my presence.; it has "L. Gray" on it—I think this occurred between twelve and one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-31" type="surname" value="ADY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-31" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ADY</persName> </hi>. I am one of the cashiers at Messrs. Maple's—I recognise this postal order; I signed the last witness's name to it; he tendered it to me—I did not see the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-32" type="surname" value="CUSHION"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-32" type="given" value="JESSE"/>JESSE CUSHION</persName> </hi>. I am employed at Newberry and Sons', greengrocers, in Edgware Road—on Saturday afternoon, 10th May, between five and six, the prisoner bought a bundle of asparagus of me, and tendered this twenty-shilling order, No. 163993—the name of "J. Rose" is on the back in pencil: also in front—that was on it when he tendered it—I asked him to endorse it, and he then wrote the "J. Rose" on the back in my presence—I next saw the prisoner at Bow Street on the following Wednesday.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not see a good deal of handwriting, only in business—I see the name of James Hattersley, agent, 347, Cambridge Road, Bethnal Green on this assignment of a bill of exchange (
<hi rend="italic">handed to the witness</hi>)—I should say the letter "J" in "J. Rose" is very much like the writing of the prisoner's in this assignment—that is the only resemblance I can see.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This is the first, time I have been asked to give evidence as an expert in handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-33" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-33" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-33" type="given" value="LAURIE"/>LAURIE EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. English, a hosier, of 298, Edgware Road—on Saturday evening, 10th May, between eight and nine, the prisoner came into the shop—the manager, Mr. Hardy, served him—I was standing behind the counter next to Mr. Hardy—I saw the prisoner give this postal order to Mr. Hardy—the prisoner was in the shop from eight to ten minutes—I picked him out at Bow Street from other persons.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280006"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Other customers were in the shop—I and the manager were serving, and two others—I had never seen the prisoner before——at Bow Street I went in after our manager—the prisoner was standing near the centre of about eight or nine—there was one man as tall as the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-34" type="surname" value="HARDY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-34" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HARDY</persName> </hi>. I am manager for Mr. English, of 298, Edgware Road; the last witness is in his employment—on Saturday evening, 10th May, I received this postal order in payment—it purports to be signed by Robert Jones as postmaster—to the best of my belief the prisoner gave it to me—I believe he had laid out 3s.—I heard Edwards's evidence—I should think he had a good view of prisoner during all the time he was there—I went to Bow Street, and saw the prisoner among others, but I would not pick the prisoner out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I would not pledge my oath he is the man, but I believe he is—I believe the man who came in was sober—the order was filled in where it was payable at; my employer signed it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-35" type="surname" value="REEVES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-35" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY REEVES</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Mr. English—I saw him sign this order, which was sent to the post office—I know nothing of the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-36" type="surname" value="TOMLINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-36" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT TOMLINSON</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist at 2, Lower Seymour Street—on Saturday, 10th May, between seven and eight, the prisoner came in for a bottle of lavender-water, I think, and tendered this postal order—there was no name on it; he suggested he should sign it, and I stamped the order as it is now—I afterwards picked out the prisoner at Bow Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He signed the order "F. Frost" in my presence—I can give no opinion as to whether the writing is like this signature, "James Hattersley."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-37" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-37" type="surname" value="EASTWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-37" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN EASTWOOD</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Mr. Brooks, a fruiterer, of Edgware Road—on Saturday evening, 10th May, a man, who to the best of my belief was the prisoner, gave me a postal order for 20s.—I gave him in change 18s.—I took no other postal order that evening.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was between 3 and 4 p.m., a busy time—I did not notice the man particularly—I picked the prisoner out of about six or seven; I think he was the tallest of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-38" type="surname" value="BROADBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-38" type="given" value="HAROLD"/>HAROLD BROADBRIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Brooks—on Saturday, 10th May, I served a man who to the best of my belief is the prisoner; I did not take the money, he walked up to the desk, and I saw him tender a postal order.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-39" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-39" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BARTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant E</hi>). On 9th May I heard of this robbery—in company with Towers I arrested the prisoner as he left a public-house on 21st May, at Cambridge Road, Hackney—I said, "We are two police-officers; we shall arrest you on suspicion of stealing 120 postal orders from Chancery Lane Post Office, value £120"—he said, "I don't know anything about it"—Towers called a cab, we put him in, and took him to Bow Street—on the way he said, "I don't know anything about this; I may have been mixed up in a few swindles, but I never go to the front; I can always find other fools to do that"—he was placed with eight other men in the yard—the inspector told him he could place himself wherever he liked, and he changed his position as each witness came in.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Sergeant New went into the street and asked people to come in—the prisoner was under the influence of drink when we arrested him—it took us quite half-an-hour to drive in the cab to Bow</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280007"/>
<p>Street—there was conversation during that time—I took no note of anything he said, except what I have said; he said that at the commencement of the journey.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-40" type="surname" value="TOWERS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-40" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>MATTHEW TOWERS</persName> </hi>. I am a constable attached to the Post Office—I was with Barton when the prisoner was arrested—I confirm his evidence in every particular—almost immediately after we got into the cab I heard him make the statement which Barton has given; I conveyed the persons who were going to identify the prisoner from the room to the yard, but I was not present at the identification—I noticed once the prisoner had changed his position from right to left.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not say before, nor did I hear Barton say before, that the prisoner made the statement directly after he got into the cab, because we were not asked the questions—I searched the prisoner's house with Barton and New—we found nothing relating to this charge—word of his arrest had reached his home before we got there; it was two or three hours after that we searched.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> We arrested him at one o'clock, and went to his house at half-past six or seven—I saw Mrs. Hattersley at her house; she said she had been to Bow Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-41" type="surname" value="ROSEE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-41" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ROSEE</persName> </hi>. I live at 61, Bishop's Road, Victoria Park, and am a cornchandler—I know the prisoner as an acquaintance—on Friday night, 9th May, I asked the prisoner if he would get this document stamped; it is a bill of sale which I gave to my son, and an assignment from my son to Mr. York—I made an appointment with the prisoner to meet him at White's house on Saturday morning to get it stamped—on Saturday, the 10th, the prisoner called at my shop between nine and ten a.m., and I then handed him the document unstamped, and he went away with it—as near eight o'clock as possible the same evening the prisoner and May came to my shop with the document—I fix the time at eight, because I had to meet a customer at the Princess of Wales opposite between eight and nine—the prisoner was a little influenced by drink, and I wanted to get rid of him to go and see the customer—I kept the appointment—I attended at Bow Street, but I was not called.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I mentioned nothing about my son at the last trial; I did not think of it—it is my son's signature, not mine—on the first onset I said I signed it for my son—he gave it to me for York to sign at my place, and he signed it at his own—it occurred to me as soon as I got home that I did not sign it—York is a friend of mine—he is not here—he is a guard on the North London Railway—I first saw York on the Friday night, when he signed it in my shop, in my presence, and no one else's—my son signed it in his shop—after May brought the document' back I handed it to York, who lent it to me to produce for the trial—the signature "T. Rosee" is mine—I only saw the witness to it, Biggenden, once—I believe he witnessed it—I last saw him nearly three years ago—I can only tell by the date on the document when I signed it—I am quite sure the prisoner was present when I signed it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Following the bill of sale and the schedule which I gave to my son is an assignment executed by my eon to York—it is only the first document that I have anything to do with.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-42" type="surname" value="ROSEE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-42" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT ROSEE</persName> </hi>. I am the son of the last witness—I live at 385, Cambridge Road, and am a corn merchant—my father gave me this bill</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280008"/>
<p>of sale in 1887,1 believe—I executed an assignment of it to George York on 9th May this year—I gave it to the prisoner, I believe, to get it stamped—I did not see York sign it—I signed it in the prisoner's presence—I afterwards got it back stamped as it is now—that is my signature at the bottom.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I lent my father the amount on the goods in the bill of sale; £50, I believe—I kept it after 1887 in my drawer in the parlour—I gave it back to my father just before May to be turned over to York, because I wanted the money—my father negotiated with York because he was his friend—York, when he signed the document, handed £20 to my father, who handed it to me—that was at my father's place, 150 yards from mine—I believe York, I, father and mother were present—York is not here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-43" type="surname" value="WESTLAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-43" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN WESTLAKE</persName> </hi>. I am proprietor of the Dundee Arms, Cambridge Road, Bethnal Green—I know the prisoner by his being a customer on nearly every day for three or four weeks before he was arrested on this charge—Thorogood is my next door neighbour, a bedding' manufacturer—on Saturday, 10th May, about ten, I saw the prisoner in my house with Thorogood—May and Smith came in afterwards, and they were all there together—about twelve o'clock the prisoner called for a pen, and I gave him a pen with blotting paper and wax—I saw a document like this, and a seal was put on it—I heard the prisoner say, "I want this stamped very importantly," and he said to May," Can you get it done for me?"—he said, "I will, but I doubt if I can get to Somerset House in time"—the prisoner said, "If not, get it done at the Law Courts, but at all events get it done"—I said to May, "Go on a Chelsea omnibus," and he left at 12.25—the prisoner said, "I will remain here till three o'clock to see you, because I shall be in the neighbourhood the whole of the day"—the prisoner remained till half-past three with Thorogood, when they left together—I heard of the prisoner being taken, and I went up to the Court—I am sure of the day—I saw May erasing something, and he and the prisoner had the pen and ink, but I cannot swear they wrote—here is the wax.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had no conversation with the prisoner; I only handed him the pen and ink—after May went I attended to my own business; mine is not a particularly busy house—I had my dinner in the small room adjoining the bar; I could not say at what time—the prisoner remained in the bar all the time up to half-past three; he never went from one bar to the other with my knowledge—I know it was half-past three, because about ten minutes past three a remark was passed that May had not returned, and the prisoner said, "We will have another drink, and then go and have some dinner"—Thorogood was in the bar all the time—I won't swear he did not go next door, but he was never out of the bar more than two or three minutes at a time—I made the statement that it was ten minutes past three when the last drink was called for when I was called on to give my evidence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> No one serves in the bar but I and my wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-44" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-44" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEOEGE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I live at 72, Shrubland Road, Dalston—I was at the Dundee Arms on the 10th May, between 10 and 11, and I saw the Prisoner and May—I remained for three-quarters of an hour—I have known the prisoner for two years—I did not see any document.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280009"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-45" type="surname" value="GATES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-45" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES GATES</persName> </hi>. I am a coach painter and master man, at 260, Railway Street, Poyser Street, Bethnal Green—I was in the Dundee Arms on Saturday, 10th May, at quarter-past twelve, and I saw there a man, who is the prisoner, to the best of my belief; he has altered a bit; I cannot swear to him—as I went in I saw a document on the table, and three people speaking—I hare never spoken to them; I am an independent witness—I stayed six minutes and left—I noticed pen and ink, and blotting paper, and sealing wax from the drawer pass between the landlord and the persons; it was sealing wax like this; this is my own piece; it was joined like this—I had previously given it to the landlord—I did not see the prisoner use the writing materials or sealing-wax; I left.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found this sealing-wax in a cab, and I took it into Mr. Westlake's house, and asked him if it would be of any use to him, nine days previously—they used it on the 10th of May, not on the day I gave it to him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I believe they call the wax bottling-wax.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-46" type="surname" value="LAMPARD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-46" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT LAMPARD</persName> </hi>. I am a plumber and general builder, under the patronage of the Queen—I carry on business at Craven Buildings, Poyser Street, Bethnal Green—on 10th May, at fifteen minutes past twelve, I went to the Dundee Arms with George Saunders, a postman, who works for me—I saw the prisoner writing at a table with a man by his side reading the newspaper—that was the only time I ever saw a man writing at a table in the Dundee Arms—I and Saunders remained about ten minutes, and then we went out, and came back about ten minutes to one, and remained seven or eight minutes—the prisoner was standing in front of the bar then—I had to go into Bethnal Green, and when I came out it was three minutes to one by St. John's clock—I and Saunders discussed that day how long it was to Whitsuntide; I said it was one week, Saunders said it was two.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am the only working man in Great Britain that wrote a Jubilee ode to Her Majesty—I don't know the name of the man who was by the side of the prisoner reading the newspaper; he was a short, stout man—it was on hearing the case was put on that I came up to assist the prisoner—very possibly I go in the house every Saturday—I looked at the clock because Saunders was going to get his money, and being shortsighted, he asked me the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> That is the man who was reading the newspaper (
<hi rend="italic">May</hi>)—he was there at fifteen minutes past twelve, but not when I went back the second time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-47" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-47" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I am a postman, attached to the Eastern District post Office for the last twenty years—I live at 24, Craven Buildings, Poyser Street, Bethnal Green—I work for Lampard occasionally—on 10th May I went with him into the Dundee Arms at ten or fifteen minutes past twelve—I saw the prisoner writing at a table in front of the bar, and May sitting there reading the paper—I never spoke to the prisoner in my life, and I only spoke to May to-day—I remember having a discussion with Lampard on that day about Whit Monday—we left the ho use—I went to put my uniform on to go and get my money—about ten minutes past one I went back to the public house, and I saw the prisoner there, but not May.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am still in the Post Office—I volunteered my evidence in consequence of a conversation I heard in the Dundee Arms,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280010"/>
<p>and I said, "That is the very man who was here on Saturday"; and Mr. Westlake said, "Very well, I shall just say what you say."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-48" type="surname" value="THOROGOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-48" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES THOROGOOD</persName> </hi>. I live at 341, Cambridge Road, and am a bedding manufacturer—the prisoner was my tenant for three or four weeks till he was taken—I went with him on 10th May to the Dundee Arms at ten a.m., and remained with him till half-past three or four—about eleven May came in, and I heard some document spoken of, and pen and ink and wax were called for—I saw a document like this, and May was asked to get it stamped, and something was said about its being necessary to have it done at once; it must be done that day—at twenty minutes past twelve May left with him—the prisoner left with me, and went to his room in my house—at half-past five we went together to the Pitt's Head, Brick Lane, and remained till eight o'clock, and then we walked to the White Horse, Cambridge Heath, where we met the prisoner's wife and May, who handed back the document—the prisoner and May remained in the bar, and then left and returned in an hour, and we all went home together between ten and eleven—I knew the prisoner as a lawyer's clerk to a man named Biggenden—I did not see the document signed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I stopped in bed next day till one o'clock when the public-houses were opened, and then I went to the White Horse—I spent all the Saturday with the prisoner in and out of public-houses—I was at the Dundee Arms from ten o'clock till ten minutes past three—then I slept off the effects—I was at the Pitt's Head for two hours, I also went to the White Horse.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-49" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-49" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MAY</persName> </hi>. I am a lawyer's clerk—on Saturday, 10th May, I had an appointment with the prisoner, and met him at the Dundee Arms about ten a.m.—Thorogood was with him—about eleven Smith came in, and stayed about three-quarters of an hour—a document was mentioned, and afterwards I saw this document, which the prisoner said he wanted to get stamped that day—I volunteered to take it to Somerset House, and he gave it to me—I said, "It is signed, but unattested and unsealed"—pen and ink were then brought, and he wrote his name and address—I took it to Somerset House and got it stamped, and about ten I saw the prisoner at—the Law Courts, and we went to see Rosee—the document was handed to him, and afterwards we went to a public-house, and afterwards to the White Horse, the prisoner calling on Dr. Humphreys—in the morning the prisoner was not sober, nor was he sober in the evening—I have known the prisoner for three years, and have done business with him—I saw him daily—I saw the prisoner write this signature—I have seen him write many times, and know his writing well—the F. Frost and J. Rose on these postal orders are not written by the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am not in a situation; I have been working for myself nearly the whole of this year—I was doing so on 9th or 10th March, I should say—I called on that date on Messrs. Slack and Metcalfe, solicitors—I did not say I was working on my own account—I did not say I was clerk to Mr. Harrison; I was asked to call there—I was told Mr. Harrison knew all about it, but subsequently I was told he did not—I called without any intention of wrong—I did not attend an appointment as Mr. Harrison's clerk—I never worked with the prisoner—I don't know that he ever</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280011"/>
<p>practised as Biggenden—a detective shadowed me of a night—very likely was in the prisoner's company almost every day till his arrest.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-50" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-50" type="surname" value="BURGESS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-50" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE BURGESS</persName> </hi>. I was at the Pitt's Head, Brick Lane—on Saturday, 10th May, the prisoner came about six o'clock, and stayed till eight—Thorogood was with him—I know the day, because I paid a man wages, who gave me this receipt—I cannot recollect any other of the days on which I saw the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have a clock in the bar—I saw him when I came down from my rest at six o'clock—we are always busy on a Saturday; we have thousands of people coming in.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I remember this because of paying the money to Master man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-51" type="surname" value="MASTERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-51" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY MASTERMAN</persName> </hi>. I worked at the Pitt's Head, and was paid and gave this receipt about half-past seven in the evening—I was there at my work at six when the prisoner and Thorogood came in, and they remained until I left—I remember the Saturday, because there was joking about my tools.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had been working from about Thursday—I knocked off work about five; I had several drinks between then and half-past seven—I got home at eight or a little after—I called nowhere but at Mrs. Burgess's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-52" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-52" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH CHAPMAN</persName> </hi>. On 10th May I was at the Pitt's Head from half-past six till eight, and I drank with the prisoner—Thorogood was there, and Masterman—the prisoner was not sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Masterman drank with us—we had three half-pints.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-53" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-53" type="given" value="ROBERT WILLIAM"/>ROBERT WILLIAM HUMPHREYS</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, at Bishop's Road, Victoria Park, and Mare Street, Hackney—on 10th May, between eight and nine p.m., I saw the prisoner in my surgery, Bishop's Road—I gave him a draught.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was suffering from the effects of drink—my attendance-book is not here; his visit is not entered—I have known the prisoner three and a half years—I have not given evidence for him or May in accident cases to my recollection—the prisoner, his wife and child, and father-in-law are patients of mine—I did not enter the draught I gave him; it was of no value—I never get to my Bishop's Road surgery before eight, and I stop there till half-past nine or ten—I got there between eight and nine—I had a few patients that evening; the prisoner is the only one not entered—he did not come specially about the draught; he brought an articulating plate, which he said a friend of his was bringing out—he only showed it to me—he talked about it—he was not speechlessly drunk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-559-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-559-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-559-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>*†
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in March</hi>, 1881-.
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner—
<rs id="t18900728-559-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-559-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-559-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-559-18900728 t18900728-559-punishment-1"/>Seven Years Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18900728-560" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-560-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-560-18900728 t18900728-560-offence-1 t18900728-560-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-560-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-560-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18900728" type="age" value="88"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18900728" type="surname" value="CUMMINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18900728" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT CUMMINGS</hi> (88)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-560-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-560-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-560-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>**
<rs id="t18900728-560-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-560-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-560-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to feloniously having counterfeit coin in his possession, with intent to utter, after a conviction for a like offence in February, 1882</rs>.—
<rs id="t18900728-560-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-560-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-560-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-560-18900728 t18900728-560-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months, without Hard Labour</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-561-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-561-18900728 t18900728-561-offence-1 t18900728-561-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280012"/>
<persName id="def1-561-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-561-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-18900728" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-18900728" type="surname" value="ROCKLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-18900728" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS ROCKLEY</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-561-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-561-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-561-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, To unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, having other counterfeit coin in his possession.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900728-561-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-561-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-561-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-561-18900728 t18900728-561-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900728-561-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-561-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-561-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-562">
<interp inst="t18900728-562" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-562" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-562-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-562-18900728 t18900728-562-offence-1 t18900728-562-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-562-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-562-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18900728" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18900728" type="surname" value="TEMPLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18900728" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES TEMPLE</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-562-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-562-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-562-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, To stealing a half-sovereign out of a post letter, the property of
<persName id="t18900728-name-57" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-57" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-562-offence-1 t18900728-name-57"/>H. M. Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900728-562-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-562-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-562-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-562-18900728 t18900728-562-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900728-562-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-562-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-562-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-563">
<interp inst="t18900728-563" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-563" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-563-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-18900728 t18900728-563-offence-1 t18900728-563-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-563-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-563-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-18900728" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-18900728" type="surname" value="GOLDFINCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-18900728" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES GOLDFINCH</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-563-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-563-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-563-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, To fraudulently detaining a post letter</rs>.—
<rs id="t18900728-563-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-563-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-563-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-18900728 t18900728-563-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Months' without Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900728-563-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-563-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-563-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-564">
<interp inst="t18900728-564" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-564" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-564-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-564-18900728 t18900728-564-offence-1 t18900728-564-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-564-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-564-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18900728" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18900728" type="surname" value="KEGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18900728" type="given" value="EDWARD CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD CHARLES KEGAN</hi>* (47)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-564-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-564-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-564-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, To incurring a debt and liability to the amount of £2,700</rs>.—
<rs id="t18900728-564-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-564-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-564-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-564-18900728 t18900728-564-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Month' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900728-564-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-564-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-564-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-565">
<interp inst="t18900728-565" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-565" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-565-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-18900728 t18900728-565-offence-1 t18900728-565-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-565-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-565-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18900728" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18900728" type="surname" value="SMITHIES"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18900728" type="given" value="WILLIAM SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SAMUEL SMITHIES</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-565-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-565-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-565-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, To committing acts of gross indecency.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900728-565-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-565-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-565-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-18900728 t18900728-565-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900728-565-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-565-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-565-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-566">
<interp inst="t18900728-566" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-566" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-566-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-566-18900728 t18900728-566-offence-1 t18900728-566-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-566-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-566-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18900728" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18900728" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18900728" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS THOMPSON</hi> (52)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-566-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-566-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-566-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>**
<rs id="t18900728-566-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-566-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-566-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing seven handkerchiefs, value 10s. 11d., the goods of
<persName id="t18900728-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-62" type="surname" value="BOYD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-62" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-566-offence-1 t18900728-name-62"/>William Boyd</persName>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to a summary conviction at the Mansion House in May, 1889.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900728-566-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-566-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-566-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-566-18900728 t18900728-566-punishment-8"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-567">
<interp inst="t18900728-567" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-567" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-567-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-567-18900728 t18900728-567-offence-1 t18900728-567-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-567-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-567-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18900728" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18900728" type="surname" value="DURRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18900728" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS DURRANT</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-567-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-567-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-567-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, To unlawfully attempting to steal a watch and chain, value £25, from the person of
<persName id="t18900728-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-64" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-64" type="surname" value="MOYES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-64" type="given" value="LAURIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-567-offence-1 t18900728-name-64"/>Laurie Moyes</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900728-567-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-567-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-567-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-567-18900728 t18900728-567-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900728-567-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-567-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-567-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-568">
<interp inst="t18900728-568" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-568" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-568-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-568-18900728 t18900728-568-offence-1 t18900728-568-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-568-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-568-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18900728" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18900728" type="surname" value="CRANE"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18900728" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT CRANE</hi>** (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-568-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-568-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-568-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, To robbery on
<persName id="t18900728-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-66" type="surname" value="ROWE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-66" type="given" value="CECIL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-568-offence-1 t18900728-name-66"/>Cecil Rowe</persName>, and stealing a watch and other articles, value £15, and to a conviction in January, 1889.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900728-568-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-568-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-568-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-568-18900728 t18900728-568-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900728-568-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-568-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-568-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-569">
<interp inst="t18900728-569" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-569" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-569-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-569-18900728 t18900728-569-offence-1 t18900728-569-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-569-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-569-18900728" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-18900728" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-18900728" type="surname" value="PARSONS"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-18900728" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIET PARSONS</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-569-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-569-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-569-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, To feloniously sending to
<persName id="t18900728-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-68" type="surname" value="HANCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-68" type="given" value="WILLIAM FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-569-offence-1 t18900728-name-68"/>William Frederick Hancock</persName> a letter demanding money with menaces.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">She was recommended to mercy by the prosecutor, and
<rs id="t18900728-569-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-569-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-569-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-569-18900728 t18900728-569-punishment-11"/>the prisoner's husband entered into recognizances for her appearance if required</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18900728-569-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-569-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-569-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-570">
<interp inst="t18900728-570" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-570" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-570-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-570-18900728 t18900728-570-offence-1 t18900728-570-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-570-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-570-18900728" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-18900728" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-18900728" type="surname" value="SUTTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-18900728" type="given" value="MARIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARIA SUTTON</hi> (54),</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-570-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-570-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-570-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>To stealing a purse and 2s. 2 ¾d. from the person of
<persName id="t18900728-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-70" type="surname" value="WEYBRET"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-70" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-570-offence-1 t18900728-name-70"/>Caroline Weybret</persName> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18900728-570-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-570-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-570-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-570-18900728 t18900728-570-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900728-570-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-570-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-570-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-571">
<interp inst="t18900728-571" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-571" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-571-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-571-18900728 t18900728-571-offence-1 t18900728-571-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-571-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-571-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-18900728" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-18900728" type="surname" value="PYE"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-18900728" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PYE</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-571-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-571-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-571-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, To attempting to carnally know
<persName id="t18900728-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-72" type="surname" value="KITSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-72" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-571-offence-1 t18900728-name-72"/>Elizabeth Kitson</persName>, a girl under thirteen.—</rs>
<rs id="t18900728-571-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-571-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-571-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-571-18900728 t18900728-571-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900728-571-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-571-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-571-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-572">
<interp inst="t18900728-572" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-572" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-572-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-572-18900728 t18900728-572-offence-1 t18900728-572-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-572-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-572-18900728 t18900728-572-offence-1 t18900728-572-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-572-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-572-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-18900728" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-18900728" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-18900728" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HUNT</hi> (46)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-572-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-572-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-572-18900728" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def2-572-18900728" type="surname" value="FINCH"/>
<interp inst="def2-572-18900728" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY FINCH</hi> (43)</persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18900728-572-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-572-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-572-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18900728-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-75" type="surname" value="JOSEF"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-75" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-572-offence-1 t18900728-name-75"/>Alexander Josef</persName>, and stealing articles therein.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-76" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-76" type="surname" value="WILMOT"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-76" type="given" value="EARDLEY"/>MR. EARDLEY WILMOT</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-77" type="surname" value="UNDERDOWN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-77" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS UNDERDOWN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A</hi> 712). About half-past four in the morning of 6th June I was in Great Peter Street with another constable—I saw the two prisoners pass—I noticed that Hunt's pocket was bulky—I stopped him, and asked what he had in his pocket—he said, "I have got nothing much"—I put my hand in his pocket and pulled out six or seven cigars and two silver egg-cups—I said, "I shall take you into custody for the unlawful possession of these things '—at the station were found on him thirty-four cigars, one salver, four egg-cups, four spoons, two wooden boots, one toast-rack, two pairs of white gloves, a leather pocket-book, one pair of sugar-tongs, and a knife—he said the knife was his own—he said he did not know anything of the other things—Finch said that he found them—it was three miles from the prosecutor's house that I found the prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-78" type="surname" value="DONALDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-78" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT DONALDSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>) I was with the last witness, and saw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280013"/>
<p>the two prisoners in Great Peter Street; the last witness stopped Hunt,' and asked what he had about him—he said, "Only a few cigars"—I took Finch into custody—I searched him at the station, and found on him four silver salt-cellars, three cigars, three ribbons, an antimacassar, a salt-spoon, a bottle of scent, and a fish-slice—he said he found them in the road—I asked him his address—he said he came from America.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-79" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-79" type="surname" value="JOSEF"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-79" type="given" value="AUGUSTA"/>AUGUSTA JOSEF</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Alexander Josef, of 67, Warrington Crescent, Maida Vale—I recognise this property as my husband's—it was safe in our back room on the ground floor, facing the garden, on the night of the 26th June—when I retired to bed at half-past twelve, the shutters of the window were shut and the blinds down, the window was fastened by the catch—next morning my servant called me downstairs—I found the window wide open and the room in disorder.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-80" type="surname" value="COOMBES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-80" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COOMBES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). I received information of this robbery, and about nine the same morning I went to the prosecutor's house—I found the catch of the back window had been forced back by some thin instrument, such as a knife like the one produced—I afterwards compared it with the marks on the catch, and they corresponded.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-81" type="surname" value="JEFFRIES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-81" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE ELIZABETH"/>CHARLOTTE ELIZABETH JEFFRIES</persName> </hi>. I am servant to Mr. Josef—on this morning I came downstairs about half-past seven—the garden door was half open and the back window also, but the blind was still down—I went upstairs and told my mistress, and she came down and missed the property.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners, in their statements before the Magistrate and in their defence, alleged that they found the articles-concealed near a building, and had no connection with the burglary.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-572-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-572-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-572-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t18900728-572-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-572-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-572-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-572-18900728 t18900728-572-punishment-14"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-572-18900728 t18900728-572-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour each.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-573">
<interp inst="t18900728-573" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-573" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-573-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-573-18900728 t18900728-573-offence-1 t18900728-573-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-573-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-573-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-18900728" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-18900728" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-18900728" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS MCCARTHY</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-573-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-573-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-573-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously causing grievous bodily harm to
<persName id="t18900728-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-83" type="surname" value="COALE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-83" type="given" value="GRANVILLE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-573-offence-1 t18900728-name-83"/>Granville Coale</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, with intent to disable and to resist the apprehension of one
<persName id="t18900728-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-84" type="surname" value="LYNCH"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-84" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-573-offence-1 t18900728-name-84"/>Henry Lynch</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The evidence in this case was the same as that given on the trial of Henry Lynch, as reported in the Sessions Paper, Vol. CX in page</hi> 224.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-573-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-573-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-573-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He had previously</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a common assault on Tanner—
<rs id="t18900728-573-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-573-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-573-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-573-18900728 t18900728-573-punishment-15"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-574">
<interp inst="t18900728-574" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-574" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-574-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-574-18900728 t18900728-574-offence-1 t18900728-574-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-574-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-574-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-18900728" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-18900728" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-18900728" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY MARSHALL</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-574-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-574-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-574-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 68 yards
<hi rend="italic">of</hi> cashmere of
<persName id="t18900728-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-86" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-86" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-574-offence-1 t18900728-name-86"/>George Williams</persName> and others</rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-87" type="surname" value="GAUNTLET"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-87" type="given" value="CHARLES AUGUSTUS"/>CHARLES AUGUSTUS GAUNTLET</persName> </hi>. I am house steward to Mr. "Williams, trading as Hitchcock and Co., St. Paul's Churchyard—on 16th July, a little after two, I was in the counting-house in company with Shortland, the porter—this piece of black cashmere was producedwhich I identify as our property—it is of the value of forty-five shillings—the prisoner had not paid for it; he had no business on the premises.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-88" type="surname" value="SHORTLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-88" type="given" value="JOSHUA"/>JOSHUA SHORTLAND</persName> </hi>. I am a porter, in the employ of Mr. Williams—on 16th July I saw the prisoner on the premises; he passed through the counting-house into the warehouse and tack again—then he again went into the warehouse, and brought out this piece of cashmere under his arm—I followed him into the street, when he dropped the parcel and made</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280014"/>
<p>off—I went after him, and brought him back, and gave him into custody—he gave no explanation when I caught him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I called to the police to stop you—I believe you saw the policeman and could not escape—you were about thirty yards from the warehouse.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-89" type="surname" value="HANNEN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-89" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HANNEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 463). I took the prisoner into custody—he was charged at the station, and made no answer; he gave no address.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>: I had been to Covent Garden Market, and coming through Paternoster Row the witness ran into me and charged me with stealing the parcel.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-574-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-574-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-574-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in March</hi>, 1889—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900728-574-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-574-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-574-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-574-18900728 t18900728-574-punishment-16"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-575">
<interp inst="t18900728-575" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-575" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-575-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-575-18900728 t18900728-575-offence-1 t18900728-575-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-575-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-575-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-18900728" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-18900728" type="surname" value="BUTTRESS"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-18900728" type="given" value="ZACHARIAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ZACHARIAH BUTTRESS</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-575-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-575-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-575-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing a bag and 140 lb. of flour, the goods of
<persName id="t18900728-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-91" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-91" type="given" value="JABEZ"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-91" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-575-offence-1 t18900728-name-91"/>Jabez Reynolds</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MOORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PHILIP DIMMOCK</hi>. I am a railway porter at Nine Elms Station—on 23rd July, between seven and eight a.m., the prisoner brought this delivery order for sixteen bags of flour and six sacks of flour and half a sack of meal—the bags and sacks were in a railway wagon in the yard, and they were all there was in that wagon—after the flour had been checked the prisoner loaded it himself, and drove away with it—the railway wagon was empty after he had done so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-92" type="surname" value="CRABB"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-92" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER CRABB</persName> </hi>. I am a biscuit baker, in the employment of Hughes and Co., of Bishopsgate Street—between 9 and 9.30 a.m. on 23rd July I saw the prisoner arrive at my master's premises with a quantity of flour, which I received instructions to check—I stood by the side of the door leading out to the flour-room—the prisoner had to pass me each time—I saw the prisoner take six sacks of flour and fifteen bags, each of the bags containing about 140 lb., to the flour-room—he ought to have brought sixteen bags and six sacks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It is foreman Greaves's duty as a rule to check flour delivered at these premises; if he does not do it, whoever is there does it—I first saw the prisoner that day in the bakehouse, where I was at work; he came in, as he generally does, to see where to put the flour—I was in the bakehouse all the time—you cannot see from the bakehouse into the flour-room—the prisoner came through twenty-one times, with only one sack or bag at a time—I had twenty-two pieces of paper, and I checked him with a piece each time he came in; I only disposed of twenty-one pieces—when he had finished carrying them in, he asked me to check them; I said I was busy; he said, "You know how many I have left; you will find the sixteen down in the flour-room"—I did not see Greaves and Lucas while I was counting the number of times the prisoner passed through.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner only asked me to check the number of bags after he had passed through—I stood at the door of the flour-room, not at the door leading to the wagon outside.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-93" type="surname" value="GREAVES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-93" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GREAVES</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Hughes and Co.—on 23rd July I was informed that the prisoner was on the premises making room for the flour, and he passed me bringing five sacks—I did not see him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280015"/>
<p>bring them from the van, nor place them in the flour-room—then he brought three sacks of superlative or patent flour, and then a bag, a special, and he continued bringing bags down until I heard him say to one of the men, "That makes twenty-two," and I stepped upstairs to the shop, and told the manageress—the carman was waiting in the shop for his ticket—I asked him what flour he had brought to the firm; he said six sacks and sixteen bags—I said, "Will you point them out to me?"—he said, "Yes," and both of us stepped down to the flour-room—he pointed out six sacks and six bags of flour, and said, "That is twelve, and here are ten bags of special"—I said, "Count them, please"—I had previously marked part of the sacks which we had in the flour-room—when he came to one of those I said, "Stop, that bag is the property of the firm, and was in the flour-room before you arrived; I have a special mark on it, and also a witness to prove that it belongs to our firm; I have had my suspicions"—he said, "It is a pity, is it not; I will go upstairs and look in the van, and see if there is another one"—I said, "Do just as you like; I will report this to my employer"—he went away—this is the invoice for sixteen bags and six sacks that he produced with the flour.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw nothing that took place during the delivery of the flour in the flour-room—I told the Magistrate as something that I saw myself, that I saw the prisoner take a Dundas bag of our flour and put it near the other superlatives, and then he put it on the top of the other superlatives—I did not tell the Magistrate that that was something that had been told to me—I did not see it—I did not see the flour deposited in the flour-room—I don't think I was cross-examined as to whether I saw it done—every time the carman went upstairs for a bag of flour I stepped into the flour-room, and saw what had been done; but I did not see him deposit the sacks or bags—I cut a hole in one ear of the bag of Dundas, and two holes in the other ear—I did that after the carman had been once in the flour-room, making room for his load—the prisoner insisted to the end that he had delivered all the bags—I did not say it was a pity; he said so—he did not say, "You had better look in my van and see I do not take anything away with me"—when I said the bag was marked, he did not ask what the mark was—he said, "That was the bag I brought in"—only he and I were there then—Lucas was a little distance from the dressing-room, which is in a straight line with the flour-room, while the bags were being delivered; there is quite nine yards of space between the dressing and flour rooms, I should say—Lucas was in the pastry-room between the dressing and flour rooms, and he was outside—I was in the coal cellar part of the time; Lucas would have to see the length of the pastry-room, and through the dressing-room into the flour-room—from the dressing-room to the entrance of the flour-room is ten yards—I believe the large sacks were, placed near the middle of the flour-room, which is about nine yards across; it is lighted by one gas jet at the entrance—there are no windows; the gas was alight; it was between Lucas and the place where the sacks were piled—I was not on the premises when the prisoner called the same evening with his employer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I forget the number of sacks we had before this delivery; the bag on which the marks were cut was part of our old stock—the old stock was all over the room in different parts—the Dundas bag contained very dark-coloured flour; some of the bags the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280016"/>
<p>delivered were marked Dundas, there may have been nine so marked—we have no book to prove how much Dundas flour we had in stock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-94" type="surname" value="LUCAS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-94" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LUCAS</persName> </hi>. I was present on 23rd July when the prisoner delivered this flour—I was standing at the dressing-room, close to the flour-room, and could see what took place in the flour-room—before the prisoner brought in any bag I saw him move a bag marked Dundas flour belonging to the firm from other of their bags, and put it about one and a half yards away from where it stood before—then he delivered his own flour—after he had delivered five sacks he moved the firm's bag on to the top of a half sack of flour of ours—after delivering some more sacks he moved our firm's bag off the half sack on to a bag of special that he had just brought from his van—then he delivered the remaining flour from the van—after he had brought them all down I found there were fifteen bags and six sacks, and the one bag belonging to the firm—they were lying on the top of one another.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He brought them one at a time; I was four or five yards from the flour-room; the sacks were almost at the end of the room—I was at one time four and at another time eight or eight and a half yards from the pile of sacks—the prisoner could see me, and knew I was there—there were two gas lamps alight in the flour-room, between me and the sacks—I kept my eye all the time on the particular bag that he moved first; I never lost sight of it—there were only two Dundas bags in the room—I keep no book, and have no document showing the number in stock.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The foreman showed me the two Dundas bags in stock, and marked them—the prisoner had no bag with him when he came down the first time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-95" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-95" type="given" value="JABEZ"/>JABEZ REYNOLDS</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, trading as R. Chambers and Co.; the prisoner is in my employment—on 23rd July, about five p.m., he said he had not got a receipt for his flour, there was a dispute about it—I told him to go to Mr. Hughes, and I would follow him—I went there, and saw a pile of six bags, which were said to be part of ten he had delivered, one of which was represented to be a bag taken from stock—he ought to have delivered sixteen bags; I asked him if he had delivered sixteen, and he said he had.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He showed no reluctance to go with me—I was shown a slit in the ears of one bag; the prisoner said they were not there when he delivered the bag in the morning—the prisoner said some of the bags had been shifted since he went there in the morning—I think he has been two or three years in my service—that is since he left the army—I heard he was an old soldier—he has borne a good character; I never heard anything against him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-575-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-575-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-575-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-576">
<interp inst="t18900728-576" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-576" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-576-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-576-18900728 t18900728-576-offence-1 t18900728-576-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-576-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-576-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-576-18900728" type="surname" value="SHEPPARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-576-18900728" type="given" value="WILLIAM BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BENJAMIN SHEPPARD</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18900728-576-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-576-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-576-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>Stealing, whilst employed under the Post Office, a post letter containing two postal orders, the property of
<persName id="t18900728-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-97" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-576-offence-1 t18900728-name-97"/>H. M. Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-98" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-98" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-98" type="given" value="FLORNCE ANN"/>FLORNCE ANN DODD</persName> </hi>. I live at 38, Metcalf Road, Enfield Lock—on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280017"/>
<p>the 7th June I enclosed in a letter to T. Smith and Co., 90, Chesterton Road, N. Kensington, two postal orders for 5s. and 2s. respectively; I took particulars of them on this piece of paper, and, wrote on the orders the name T. Smith and Co., and Notting Hill as a paying office—I gave the letter to my sister Eleanor to post as she went to school at 9.30 a.m.—I afterwards found the letter had not been delivered, and I communicated with the Post Office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-99" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-99" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-99" type="given" value="ELEANOR MARY"/>ELEANOR MARY DODD</persName> </hi>. I live with my sister—I remember her getting the two postal orders, taking the numbers, and putting them into a letter, which she gave to me—I put it into the Post Office at Enfield Lock, as I was going to school about 9.30—I was at school by 9.45.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-100" type="surname" value="SELBY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-100" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SELBY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Ponder's End Post Office, to which Enfield Lock is subordinate—Enfield Lock office is a box in a shop—a letter posted there at 9.30 or 9.45 would come to our office about 12.15; it would be despatched from our office at 12.15—a letter to Notting Hill would be put in a bag labelled West, to go to the Western District office.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The sorting clerks are responsible for letters in our office before they are despatched—the clerks at the Enfield Lock Office would be responsible for letters there till they left they would be there one and a half hours.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There is a difference between Enfield Lock and Enfield station; letters from Enfield go direct to the General Post Office, those from Enfield Lock to Ponder's End—this is an envelope of the 12th June, with "quarter-past twelve" on it—this is the letter bill from Enfield Lock to Ponders End—the delivery before 12.15 is 9.40—I see the bag go; it is sealed by one of the clerks.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-101" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-101" type="given" value="JAMES JOSEPH"/>JAMES JOSEPH FOX</persName> </hi>. I am overseer at the General Post Office—on 17th June the Ponder's End bag, due at nine minutes to two, reached us at five minutes past—the western bundle in that despatch went away at 2.45 from the General Post Office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-102" type="surname" value="HOADE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-102" type="given" value="ROBERT ROMFORD"/>ROBERT ROMFORD HOADE</persName> </hi>. I am overseer at the Western District Postal Office, Vere Street—on 17th June the 2.45 bag from the General Post Office reached us at 3.15—a letter in that despatch, addressed to Chesterton Road, Notting Hill, would be sent away at 3.50 in a sealed bag to the Chesterton Road office.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The sealed bag which came to us would be opened; the letters would be re-sorted by about a dozen sorters; at least thirteen people would have access to the letters in it at our office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-103" type="surname" value="HUNTER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-103" type="given" value="THOMAS FREDERICK"/>THOMAS FREDERICK HUNTER</persName> </hi>. I am overseer at Notting Hill Sorting Office—the prisoner was employed there as extra letter carrier for the afternoon delivery—on 17th June he was on duty for the four o'clock delivery—the Oxford Garden walk includes Chesterton Road, where Messrs. Smith carry on business—I have had complaints from them—the 3.50 despatch from Vere Street comes to us at 4.26 p.m., and the prisoner would start on his delivery at shortly before five, and should finish about 6.30—this book is open in the office for each man to sign his name as he comes back; it is signed 6.30, but I am not certain they are the prisoner's figures—he should be on duty again shortly before eight; the book shows eight o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He has been five years at our office—he is in. the parcels post, and an extra letter carrier also—he has always borne a high</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280018"/>
<p>character—his wages were 23s. or 24s.a week—he would come on duty at 4.20, when the bag containing the Chesterton Road letters would come—the bag would be at our office till five, about forty minutes—it would be re-sorted—the prisoner would take part in that, with seven or eight others, all at one table, side by side—letters are sometimes mis-sorted; in that case it would be the man's duty to bring it back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-104" type="surname" value="PAINTER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-104" type="given" value="THOMAS SMITH"/>THOMAS SMITH PAINTER</persName> </hi>. I live at 90, Chesterton Road, and carry on business as "T. Smith and Co.," indiarubber stamp manufacturers—our letters are delivered into a locked letter-box—I did not receive the letter which Miss Dodd says she posted on 17th June—these orders have never been in my office, so far as I know.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-105" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-105" type="given" value="CHARLES SAMUEL"/>CHARLES SAMUEL PARKER</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Fowells Street, Lancaster Road, Notting Hill, and am a bricklayer—the prisoner gave to me these two postal orders on June 17th in Archer Street, about fifty yards, or not so far, from the sorting office, at six or seven o'clock, as near as I can say—he asked me if I was busy; I said, "No"—he said, "Would you mind doing a job for me?"—I said, "What is it?"—he said, "Will you take these orders into the post office to change them for me?"—the Norfolk Terrace Post Office was just across the road, it and the sorting office are all in one—I asked him if they were all right, and he said, "Yes"—I said, "What have I got to do with them?"—he said, "You have only got to sign your name"—I asked why he did not go in himself, and he said because he did not wish to go in then, because he appeared as if he had had a drop of something to drink—he was in uniform—I took the orders into the post office, and handed them to the lady clerk, and asked her to change them, and she said, "Yes, sign your name"—I did so, and she said that was not the same name as was on the top; I said, "No," but it was my name—she said, "I don't know what to do about changing these things"—I believe I said they were all right—and she said, "Will you give your address?"—and I said, "Certainly," and I gave her on the back of the orders, 46, Lonsdale Road, where I was then living—I received 7s. from her—when I came out I saw the prisoner across the road at the urinal, in the centre of Norfolk Terrace cab rank—I went and gave him the money, and he gave me Is. saying, "That is for yourself"—I had been laid up with a poisoned hand—I told him I had given my right name and address, and he said, "The more b——fool you"—I said, "Why?"—he said, "Oh, that is all right"—I went one way and he the other—I had known him by sight three, four, or five years, but I had been away in the country—I had spoken to him two or three times, or it may have been oftener—I saw him two or three times after he gave me the shilling, and before he was arrested—I pointed him out to Mr. Woodward, and had some conversation with him in the presence of the Post Office officers.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner, from the beginning, said that the story I tell is a lie—on 17th June I was living at 46, Lonsdale Road; I had been there over three months—from there I went to 23A, Bolton Road for about a fortnight, and now we have taken a house at 4, Fowell Street—I last worked for Fray and Son, Elgin Crescent—I finished there on Saturday—I had been out of work three or four weeks when I met the prisoner—I did not know his name then; he was a perfect stranger to me, with the exception of my having seen him about—I did not know there was anything wrong about this; there was no concealment about it—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280019"/>
<p>gave me the orders quite openly in the street, fifty yards from his own post office—I did not know if they were stolen—I knew some of the postmen by sight, and three or four of the sorters by name—I did not know when the deliveries went out—the post office clerk did not ask me where I got the orders from; I did not say I got them from my master, who was a mason—she did not ask who T. Smith was; she said it was not the same name as that I signed—when I made my accusation against the prisoner the police came to me, and asked me if I knew these notes, and I said it was my signature on them—I told him I got the notes from the prisoner—I suspected nothing wrong—I thought as I was queer and out of work the prisoner gave me the shilling out of charity—he appeared to have been drinking—he could walk straight—I was in the station for a few hours one night for ill-treating my wife; my master bailed me out; my wife did not appear next morning, and I was discharged—that was nearly two years ago, I believe—I have never been in prison—I did not say I got these orders from my master, a mason, I never worked for a mason.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was laid up for two or three weeks with a poisoned hand—I hardly know why I asked him if it was all right; I had never changed such a thing in my life before—I have sent postal orders to my wife when I have been working in the country, and I knew it would be a cruel thing for anybody to take them out of a letter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-106" type="surname" value="WHAMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-106" type="given" value="EUPHEMIA IMELDA"/>EUPHEMIA IMELDA WHAMOND</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Notting Hill Post Office, which adjoins the sorting office—on the evening of the 7th of June, Parker came in between six and seven and presented these two orders for payment—I told him to sign them—when I saw his name and saw that they were payable to T. Smith and Co., I said, "I don't think I can pay them, because you have signed a different name to what is on the top"—I asked him if T. Parker was his name; he said, "Yes"—I asked him who gave them to him, and he said his master, I believe; I understood from him that someone had given them to him in payment for wages; I won't swear the word master was used—then, as he seemed to be an honest man, I asked him if he would give his address, and I gave him the money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> His appearance induced me to pay him; he seemed to be in trouble, and to want the money—he did not say his master was a mason; he looked like a bricklayer—I am perfectly sure I asked him where he got the notes from, and the impression of my mind is he said he got them from his master in payment of wages.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have since seen the prisoner's brother in the office, and asked how his brother was getting on—the rule is not to pay orders, when the signature differs; I have done it before—I told Mr. Hurst—he said he had received these from his master.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I had seen Parker before, but did not know his name—I had never cashed orders for him before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-107" type="surname" value="HURST"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-107" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER HURST</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Post Office Constable</hi>). I made inquiries, and found without difficulty that Parker had lived at 46, Lonsdale Road, and where he was living—I was present when Mr. "Woodward had an interview with the prisoner—I charged him—he made no reply—he gave the address 17, Cuthbert Street, Edgware Road—his father and mother live there, but he had not lived there for three weeks—next morning I told the prisoner I had ascertained he had not lived there for about three</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280020"/>
<p>weeks, but that he was living at 40, Talbot Grove—he said, "No, it is not 40, it is 44."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was known at 17, Cuthbert Street—he had been living at 44, Talbot Grove; it is his sweethearts house—I went to 46, Lonsdale Road, and found Parker had left a week before—I found him at 23A, Bolton Road—the shopkeeper at 46, Lonsdale Road told me where he had gone to—I asked him how he became possessed of the notes—the Post Office clerk told me the man who gave them to her said he got them from his master; I cannot give the exact words—I never questioned Parker on the matter; I only asked him where he got them from—I never mentioned it to the solicitor for the prosecution, but I believe I did to Mr. Woodward—I made no report to anybody—before the prisoner was charged he had been confronted with Parker, who had told his story, and the prisoner had denied every word of it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner had been living on and off with his mother—bad characters live at 44, Talbot Grove.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-108" type="surname" value="WOODWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-108" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM WOODWARD</persName> </hi>. I am an officer in the confidential department of the General Post Office—in consequence of inquiries I made on 18th July I saw Parker, who made a statement to me—afterwards I saw the prisoner at Notting Hill Post Office in the presence of Parker, Hurst, and the overseer—I said to him," My name is Woodward, I am from the General Post Office"—I pointed to Parker and said he had lived at 46, Lonsdale Road, and that he had informed me he had cashed the two postal orders on 17th June—I showed the prisoner the two orders, and asked him where he got them from—he said, "I never remember seeing them"—I asked him if he had ever given Parker any postal orders to cash; he said, "No, I have not"—I asked him if he had ever seen Parker before—he said, "I have known him for years, but I had not seen him lately"—I said to Parker, "You have heard this statement, what do you say?"—Parker replied, "I deny it"—he repeated the story he has told in Court to-day—I told the prisoner a letter addressed to Smith and Co., Chesterton Road, had not reached that address; he said, "There are plenty of letters for Smith, of Chesterton Road, and there are two or three Smiths in Chesterton Road"—I took the prisoner and Parker to the General Post Office, where Parker repeated his statement—the prisoner said, "I am quite innocent of this; I have never touched any postal order, nor did I ask him to cash those for me"—I asked him where he was living, and he gave the address 17, Cuthbert Street, Edgware Road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>, I put it to the prisoner at the General Post Office, that he would be charged, and he said he was innocent—all through the man has protested his innocence, and contradicted Parker's statements—Parker was placed at the sorting-office door when about ten men were going on duty at 1.20, and he signalled to me immediately the prisoner passed—six or seven had already passed—I could not say if all the ten men would have access to the letters—I have made no inquiries about the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-576-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-576-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-576-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-577">
<interp inst="t18900728-577" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-577" type="date" value="18900728"/>
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<persName id="def1-577-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-577-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-18900728" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-18900728" type="surname" value="RICKARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-18900728" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HENRY RICKARDS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-577-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-577-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-577-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing, while employed in the Post Office, a post letter, containing orders for 10s. and 2s., the property of
<persName id="t18900728-name-110" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-110" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-577-offence-1 t18900728-name-110"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280021"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-111" type="surname" value="GARD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-111" type="given" value="CHARLES HALLETT"/>CHARLES HALLETT GARD</persName> </hi>. I live at 15, Pricer Road, Bermondsey, and have known the prisoner about eight months—on May 7th he gave me these two orders for ten shillings and two shillings in Dales' shop, a tobacconist's in Bermondsey—I recognise them by my signature—he said his brother, or brother-in-law, at Peckham, borrowed some money of him some time previous, and was paying it back bit by bit, and had sent him those two orders—they show that they were issued at Peckham—he said he was a scene artist—he asked me to cash them for him, as it seemed rather strange or suspicious for a person in uniform to do so—he was in uniform—I changed them and signed my name to them at St. James's Road Post Office—the prisoner waited for me, and I took him the money to the tobacconist's shop, and he gave me a cigar—I cashed another order for him, but I cannot say whether it was before or after, and he told me the same story about the uniform—on 19th July I met him in Cheapside; he said he was in a scrape at the Post Office about a postal order for 2s. 3d., which he bought for Is. 3d.—I met him again on Monday afternoon at Station Road, Bermondsey, and went to his house with him; we went into the kitchen—he mentioned the orders I had changed for him, and said that the Post Office officials would come to me and ask who gave them to me, and told me to deny flatly that he had given them to me, and if they asked for my signature I was to write differently—he said, "For goodness sake, don't let them know you cashed them for me"—they were blank when I received them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You asked me if I would shield you as much as I possibly could—I did not tell you that if they came to me I would deny it—I had just come out of the hospital, and was in a very weak state indeed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-112" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-112" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD CLARKE</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Dales, a tobacconist, of Station Road, Bermondsey—in the beginning of May I saw Gard and the prisoner in my shop, and heard a conversation—Gard left the shop and returned, and gave the prisoner some money—the prisoner then bought a cigar and gave it to Gard—since that the prisoner asked me to cash a 5s. Post Office order.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-113" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-113" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA COLEMAN</persName> </hi>. I live at Lausanne Road, Peckham—on 6th May I sent my niece to the post-office to get an order for ten shillings, and one for two shillings; I enclosed them in a letter, addressed to Mr. Mitchell, 222, City Road, and gave it to my niece to post.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-114" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-114" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-114" type="given" value="SARAH ELIZABETH"/>SARAH ELIZABETH REED</persName> </hi>. I live with my aunt—on 6th May she sent me to get post-office orders for ten shillings and two shillings at the,. Peckham Post Office—I did so, and saw her enclose them in a letter, addressed to Mr. Mitchell, 222, City Road—I posted it at six o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-115" type="surname" value="SELWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-115" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SELWAY</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to the receiver at Queen's Road, Peckham—these two orders were issued from my office on 6th May, and bear our stamp.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-116" type="surname" value="LAMB"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-116" type="given" value="DAVID MARTIN"/>DAVID MARTIN LAMB</persName> </hi>. I am secretary to the Metropolitan Credit Company, 222, City Road—no letter from Mrs. Coleman containing ten shillings and two shillings has ever reached me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-117" type="surname" value="CLEOG"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-117" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CLEOG</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of the East Central Office, and have been forty years in the Post Office—the prisoner was engaged in the East</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280022"/>
<p>Central Office on 6th and 7th May as a regular postman—a letter addressed to 222, City Road, and posted at 5.30 at New Cross Road, would be sorted at 5.30 a.m., that is the General Post—the prisoner was on duty in the office the next morning, and would have access to this letter for sorting purposes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-118" type="surname" value="NEWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-118" type="given" value="WILLIAM ANTHONY"/>WILLIAM ANTHONY NEWLAND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Constable, G. P. 0.</hi>) In consequence of information I spoke to the prisoner at the General Post Office on 26th June, and Mr. Wood asked him in my presence whether he had given Gard two postal orders to cash for him; he said he had not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-119" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-119" type="given" value="FRANK ORSON"/>FRANK ORSON WOOD</persName> </hi>. I am in the confidential department of the General Post Office—I was instructed to make inquiries as to the loss of letters, which should have been delivered to the Metropolitan Credit Co.—on 26th June I showed the prisoner two orders, and said, "These two orders were on 6th May last enclosed in a letter addressed to Mr. Mitchell, 222, City Road; the letter was posted, but not delivered; the orders were cashed by Charles Gard, who says he received them from you; how did they come into your possession?"—he said, "Gard did not have them from me"—I made my report, and the prisoner was taken in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "I did not steal the letters, but I own to the possession of the orders."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> The orders were given me by a man I knew outside the office; he asked me to cash them on the excuse that he could not write; I said I could not do it, being in uniform, but I would when I came back. I met a friend, who cashed them for me, and I received Is. for it. If it had been left in my hands I could have caught the man.</p>
<rs id="t18900728-577-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-577-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-577-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of receiving</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18900728-577-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-577-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-577-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-577-18900728 t18900728-577-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twenty Months' Hard Labour</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grantham.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-578">
<interp inst="t18900728-578" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-578" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-578-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-578-18900728 t18900728-578-offence-1 t18900728-578-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-578-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-578-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-578-18900728" type="surname" value="MINTY"/>
<interp inst="def1-578-18900728" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CHARLES MINTY</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18900728-578-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-578-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-578-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18900728-name-121" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-121" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-121" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-578-offence-1 t18900728-name-121"/>John James Butcher</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. FORREST FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-122" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-122" type="given" value="JOSEPH STEPHEN"/>JOSEPH STEPHEN BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am a bricklayer, of 3, Enfield Terrace, High Hendon—on 14th June, a little after ten, I was outside the White Bear, Hendon—the deceased, Mr. Butcher, made a communication to me, and I went inside; I saw the prisoner there—the deceased came in with a friend—I saw the prisoner give the deceased two two-shilling pieces and a sixpence, at the same time saying to him, "You will be d——lousy and starving before long"—Butcher made no reply to that—he left shortly afterwards, and Minty left in about two or three minutes—I went out and saw him and Butcher about twenty yards from me, about seven or eight yards apart—Minty was in the act of putting down a parcel on the window sill, and he said to Butcher, "If you come near me I will
<hi rend="italic">bash</hi> your skull in"—they then walked down the road, having some conversation together about the remark Minty had made in the publichouse—Minty had a stick in his hand, a dark-brown one, like a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280023"/>
<p>blackthorn or holly, very heavy, with a large knob at one end—some boys came up and spoke to me—I went on and overtook Butcher; he made a complaint to me, and showed me a lump on the right side of his temple, about the size of a smallish walnut; it was swelling considerably; I saw it later on in the evening, and it had then swollen considerably—several of us followed on as far as the pond, but no further—I did not see anyone else there at the time—Butcher said to Minty, "Here is Brown, if you have got anything to say against him come and say it now"—I said, "Don't make any bother now, wait till we get to the station"—Minty said to Butcher, "Come along, you b——, if you want anything," and he flourished his stick—they went on to the Hendon Railway Station; Butcher then said to Minty, "Are you going to withdraw those words you made use of in the public-house?"—Minty did not say anything; he did not have time; he lifted up his fist and hit Butcher deliberately on the nose, and he fell to the ground; he got up in about half a minute, and Minty hit him on the nose again and knocked him down again—after that he bled from the nose wonderfully, and felt so weak that if anyone had touched him with a finger he would have fallen down—I went with him into the railway-station, and found a constable there, but he refused to take Minty into custody, as he did not see the assault; he took his name and address, and I persuaded Butcher to summons him—after that I went home.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been in the police—I resigned because I did not like it; that is eleven years ago—I was not told unless I resigned I should be discharged—since then. I have been a master builder and a bricklayer—I have never had any quarrel or dispute with the prisoner—he is the ostler at the White Bear—I was on friendly terms with him, and also with Butcher—I never saw Butcher drunk; he was a most respectable young fellow; I had known him about two or three months—I had nothing to do with this matter; I was going on my road home, and it was from what the boys said that I followed them—I was not egging on the people to worry the prisoner—I did not hear him say to Butcher, "Go away, Jack; why don't you go home?"—there were seven or eight persons following them as far as the pond; I suppose they thought there was going to be a disturbance—I did not hear Minty warn Butcher to keep away from him three or four times before he used the expression about "
<hi rend="italic">bashing</hi>" his skull—Butcher was not threatening to strike him—nobody but myself followed as far as the station; the boys were some distance behind—they got up to the station a minute or two before me, and as I got there the Mow was struck—before that I said to the prisoner, "If he interferes with you at the station with a stick again I will interfere, but not unless"—I only went as a kind of caretaker; there were not ten or a dozen people surrounding Butcher at the station; they collected after the blows were struck—Butcher was not standing with his back against the railings—I did not see any belt used—the prisoner had his coat off; I persuaded him to put it on—no doubt he intended to have a bother with Butcher; we thought so, that was the reason we followed him—I did not hear the prisoner say, "Get away from me; if you don't——," and then stop—I have not said that I heard him say so—I don't think I said so before the Magistrate; at any rata. I don't remember saying so.</p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-123" type="surname" value="BONNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-123" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BONNEY</persName> </hi>. I live at Hendon, and assist my father, who is a greengrocer—I am fifteen years old—on Saturday, 14th June, about twenty minutes past ten, I was with Candler, going towards Hendon Railway Station—I saw Minty and Butcher on the road; they were jawing at one another—I saw Minty hit Butcher with a stick about the head about three times; he then swung the stick round his head—the last time Butcher was hit he fell, and as he fell he kicked at him; I did not see whether he kicked him—I was about three yards from them at the time—Brown came up, and I said something to him—I continued walking behind them to the railway station—when they got to the gates of the station, Minty said to Butcher, "Are you going away?" he repeated that several times—Butcher said, "No," and then Minty punched him and knocked him over—I did not see any belt—I saw Butcher's head at the station, I noticed a cut on his nose, and a bump on the right temple—the blows with the stick were hard blows; it was a long blackish varnished stick, an ordinary walking-stick, with a knob on the end.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were other boys with me; they saw all that I saw—Candler was with me, Beard was further behind—we were all going away from our home, we expected to see a fight; I thought Butcher was going to knock Minty down.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Butcher was a shorter man than the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The prisoner did not strike Butcher; he pushed him—Brown was walking in the middle of the road; he was not with Butcher then; when he caught him up he was with him, talking to him—I did not hear what Brown said—that was before the prisoner pushed Butcher down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-124" type="surname" value="CANDLER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-124" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CANDLER</persName> </hi>. I live at Hendon, and work with my father, a greengrocer—I was with the last witness near the pond—I heard Minty say to Butcher, "Will you go away? I don't want you following me; I don't care for you, nor yet the crowd that is following you"—he then walked straight on, and Butcher followed close behind—I heard Minty say to him, "Will you go away?" and then he hit him once, and struck at him twice afterwards—when they got to the station Minty stood outside the gates, and said to Butcher, "Will you go away?" and then he hit him in the face, and he fell to the ground; he got up again, and took hold of him, and knocked him up against the wooden palings—it was after that that Butcher drew his belt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-125" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-125" type="given" value="FRANCIS WILLIAM"/>FRANCIS WILLIAM ANDREWS</persName> </hi>, M. R. C. S. I am in practice with my father at Hendon—on 5th June, at one o'clock, I was called at No. 5, Burrows Gardens—I was there shown the body of a man lying on his face on the bed, with his feet on the pillow; he was quite dead—I should say he had been dead some hours—there was a quantity of blood on the floor; it had trickled over the foot of the bed, mixed with vomit—I turned over the body, and found injuries on the face, a small cut on the medium line of the nose; also a bruise on the right temple region, raised about half an inch—it was such an injury as might have been caused by a blow from a stick with a knob to it—subsequently, with my father's assistance, I made a post-mortem—death was due to compression of the brain, a large extravasation on the brain, and the rupture of an artery; there was also a very small fracture of the temple bone, over the rupture—I should think that was caused by one and the same blow as caused the internal injuries.</p>
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<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It might have been caused by a fall.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-126" type="surname" value="TOMKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-126" type="given" value="ROSA MARY ANN"/>ROSA MARY ANN TOMKINS</persName> </hi>. The deceased lodged with me—on 14th June I heard him come in about ten minutes past eleven—at twenty minutes to two I heard something which awoke me—my husband went into Butcher's room, and I heard Butcher say, "I feel sick"—I did not see him at that time—at one o'clock I found him dead, lying with his face downwards—I sent for a doctor—Butcher used to wear a belt; I could not say this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is it; he had two belts; he did not wear braces.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-127" type="surname" value="LOW"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-127" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LOW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman S</hi> 244). On 14th June, about a quarter to eleven, I was on duty near the Hendon Station—I saw Butcher, accompanied by Brown—they came up to me, and he complained of an assault having been committed on him by the prisoner; the skin on the bridge of his nose was broken and bleeding slightly; there was also a small lump on the right temple—I called the prisoner out of the Midland Hotel, and said, "This man says you have assaulted him with a stick, and he wishes for your name and address for a summons"—he said, "It is quite true, I did assault him; he came up to me with a number of other fellows, with a belt in his hand, and attempted to strike me, and I then struck him in self-defence"—Butcher said, "You should not have said what you did to me"—I took his name and address, and he went away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Brown was very clamorous, and making a great noise; he demanded very strongly for the prisoner to be taken into custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The evidence given by the Prisoner before the Coroner, and also a statement made to the Inspector, were proved and read; they were, in substance, to the same effect as proved by the last witness.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-578-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-578-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-578-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-579-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-579-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-579-18900728" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-579-18900728" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN McCARTHY</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18900728-579-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-579-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-579-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> was charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18900728-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-129" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-129" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-579-offence-1 t18900728-name-129"/>Thomas Phillips</persName>. </rs>
<rs id="t18900728-579-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-579-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-579-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>
<hi rend="italic">No evidence was offered.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18900728-580" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-580" type="date" value="18900728"/>
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<persName id="def1-580-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-580-18900728" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-580-18900728" type="age" value="38"/>
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<interp inst="def1-580-18900728" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA SWAYNE</hi> (38)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18900728-580-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-580-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-580-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18900728-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-131" type="surname" value="OSBORN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-131" type="given" value="ROBERT EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-580-offence-1 t18900728-name-131"/>Robert Edward Osborn</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNE</hi>,
<rs id="t18900728-580-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-580-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-580-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-581-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-18900728" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-18900728" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-18900728" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY SMITH</hi> (18)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-581-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-581-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-581-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18900728-581-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-581-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-581-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>to carnally knowing
<persName id="t18900728-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-133" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-133" type="surname" value="DEATH"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-133" type="given" value="RIZPAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-581-offence-1 t18900728-name-133"/>Rizpah Death</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900728-581-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-581-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-581-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-581-18900728 t18900728-581-punishment-18"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18900728-582" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-582" type="date" value="18900728"/>
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<persName id="def1-582-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-582-18900728" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-18900728" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-18900728" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-18900728" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLOTTE THOMPSON</hi> (22)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18900728-582-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-582-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-582-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>for, and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18900728-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-135" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-135" type="given" value="ALONZO"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-135" type="occupation" value="general labourer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-582-offence-1 t18900728-name-135"/>Alonzo Hughes</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEPHENS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALICE HUGHES</hi>. I am the widow of the deceased, Alonzo Hughes, and live at 26, Huntsworth Terrace—he was fifty-three years of age, and was a general labourer—on Sunday afternoon, 20th July, he was at home with me—seeing a crowd in the street he went out—I next saw him in the hospital—he never moved or spoke.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-136" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-136" type="surname" value="BUTLEE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-136" type="given" value="ALFEED"/>ALFEED BUTLEE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman D</hi> 170). On Sunday afternoon, 20th July, about half-past four, I
<hi rend="smallCaps">WAS</hi> in Huntsworth Terrace—I took some boys into custody for gambling—the deceased was there, and said, "I will go to the station as a witness for you; these boys have been a nuisance to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280026"/>
<p>me for the past month"—as he followed me towards the station I heard someone call out, "He is knocked down at last"—I turned and saw the deceased on the pavement; I had a prisoner in each hand; I went on with them to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was a considerable crowd and a good deal of pushing and hustling.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-137" type="surname" value="MILES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-137" type="given" value="MARTIN"/>MARTIN MILES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman D</hi> 221). I was on duty in the Marylebone Road; four boys were taken into custody by two officers; a large crowd followed them—I saw the prisoner go up and strike the deceased in the back, and he went down on his face on the pavement—I at once took the prisoner into custody, and sent to the station for assistance and for an ambulance—the deceased was conveyed to St. Mary's Hospital—the prisoner was charged with assaulting him—she said, "I did not do it, he fell over my foot."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was about eight or nine yards from the prisoner when she struck the deceased; it was rather a rough crowd; a good deal of pushing was going on—another woman was charged with assaulting the deceased previously—she was discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-138" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-138" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I live at 26, Huntsworth Terrace, and work at a printer's—I knew the deceased—I saw the four boys taken into custody, and the deceased and I followed the crowd—I saw a woman smack him across the face—he turned and looked at her, but I did not hear him say anything—he went on a little further, and the prisoner went up and struck him on the back of the neck, and he fell on his face—he did not fall over her foot; she was behind him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-139" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-139" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I live in Beaumont Buildings, and am an office boy—I was following the boys who were in custody—I saw a woman strike the deceased in the face, then the prisoner went and pushed him, and he fell.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-140" type="surname" value="PATTESON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-140" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM PATTESON</persName> </hi>. I am resident medical officer at St Mary's Hospital—on Sunday, the 20th July, I saw the deceased on his admission, he was very pale and cold, and collapsed, and was bleeding from the nose; he was quite insensible—he had a wound on the outer side of the left orbit, reaching to the skull—he never rallied, and died at five on Monday afternoon—I was present at the post-mortem—the cause of death was extravasation of blood on the left side of the scalp; there was considerable hemorrhage, from which he died—the injury was caused either by being struck on the head, or by falling against a stone or the pavement—his arteries were very much decayed, and his heart rather flabby.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-141" type="surname" value="RECORD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-141" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RECORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant.</hi>) I was present when the prisoner was taken before the Magistrate on remand, on the 26th—I told her the man Hughes had expired, and she would be charged with causing his death—she said, "I never lifted my hand to him"—I read over the charge to her—she made no reply.</p>
<rs id="t18900728-582-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-582-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-582-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900728-582-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-582-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-582-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-582-18900728 t18900728-582-punishment-19"/>Four Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-583">
<interp inst="t18900728-583" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-583" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-583-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-583-18900728 t18900728-583-offence-1 t18900728-583-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-583-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-583-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-18900728" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-18900728" type="surname" value="STOCKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-18900728" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES JAMES STOCKS</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-583-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-583-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-583-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t18900728-name-143" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-143" type="surname" value="SWEETING"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-143" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-143" type="occupation" value="tram driver"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-583-offence-1 t18900728-name-143"/>Frederick Sweeting</persName>, with intent to murder.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280027"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi> Prosecuted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-144" type="surname" value="SWEETING"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-144" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SWEETING</persName> </hi>. I am a driver of the North Metropolitan Tramways Company, and live at 7, Milman's Grove, Goodman's Fields—the prisoner's wife lives there—she has been living apart from her husband about six months—some time prior to 5th June the prisoner threatened that he would shoot my brains out—in consequence of those threats I summoned him to the Police-court on 5th June, and he was bound over to keep the peace for three months—I raw him after that, but had no words with him—on 5th July, at 8.16 p.m., I was on my tramcar in Highbury New Park, just about to start; he came across with his hands in his pockets and said, "Fred, how are you?"—I said, "All right"—he said, "What's the matter with you?"—I said, "Nothing"—he said, "Oh, an 't there"—and he drew his hand-from his side coat-pocket and pointed a revolver at my head—he was not more than two feet away—I threw myself down under the stairs of my car, and he fired, and went to run away—I don't know where the bullet struck—I jumped off the car and pinned his two arms behind his back, a constable came up and wrenched the revolver from him—he said, "It is only a play toy, it would not kill a sparrow"—he was the worse for liquor—I followed to the station, and charged him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-145" type="surname" value="CHAMBERLAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-145" type="given" value="TOM"/>TOM CHAMBERLAIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 212). I heard the report, and went to the tramcar—I saw the driver catch hold of the prisoner behind his arms, and I went up and took the revolver from him, and took him to the station; he walked there; he was drunk—this is the revolver, it was loaded; I gave it to the inspector.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-146" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-146" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JENKINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector N</hi>). I was in charge at the station when the prisoner was brought in—Chamberlain handed this revolver to me—it was loaded in three chambers; two were discharged—I charged the prisoner with shooting at the prosecutor, with intent to murder—he made this statement, which I took down: "I never intended to do any bodily harm. I did it because this man is living with my wife. I have been married sixteen years, and I was jealous because he had taken my wife from me. If the man worries me much more there will be more trouble"—he made the statement voluntarily, and signed it—he was drunk, but knew what he was about—he did not appear excited.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-147" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-147" type="given" value="ROBERT FINLAY"/>ROBERT FINLAY BELL</persName> </hi>. I live at 88, St. Matthias Road—on Friday evening, 4th July, the prisoner came to me and said he had a funny job; he had one or more dogs to till, and said, "Lend me that pop-gun of yours"—I understood him to refer to an air-gun which I had—I said, "No, I shan't; I will lend you ay little six-shooter if you will bring it back to-night"—he said he would—it was loaded in five chambers—he. appeared to be perfectly sober then—he did not have it then, but he called again in the evening, and I lent it him—I did not see him again till he was in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "I had been on the drink all the week, and did not remember till just now where I got the revolver from; I did not remember it till I was told of it on Sunday morning."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, stated that he did borrow the pistol to shoot the dogs, but the job fell through; that he did not intend to shoot the prosecutor, only to frighten him, but the revolver went off when he was lying on the step; that he had received great provocation from the prosecutor, who had taken away his wife and compelled him to keep his three children.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280028"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-148" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-148" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>"WILLIAM JENKINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Recalled</hi>) I can corroborate what the prisoner has said, from inquiries I have made.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-583-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-583-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-583-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-584">
<interp inst="t18900728-584" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-584" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-584-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-584-18900728 t18900728-584-offence-1 t18900728-584-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-584-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-584-18900728 t18900728-584-offence-1 t18900728-584-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-584-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-584-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-18900728" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-18900728" type="surname" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-18900728" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER GEORGE</hi> (26)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-584-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-584-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-584-18900728" type="surname" value="MAZZOLINI"/>
<interp inst="def2-584-18900728" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER MAZZOLINI</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18900728-584-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-584-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-584-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> Stealing twelve shirts, and within six months six shirts, and within six months six shirts, of
<persName id="t18900728-name-151" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-151" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-151" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-584-offence-1 t18900728-name-151"/>George Edward Smith</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POYNTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for George, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Mazzolini</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-152" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-152" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWARD"/>GEORGE EDWARD SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Lloyd, Mercer, and Smith; I do not identify the property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-153" type="surname" value="ELDRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-153" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>THOMAS WILLIAM ELDRETT</persName> </hi>. I am a warehouseman, in the employ of the last witness, at 32, Wood Street; I identify these three boxes of shirts as my masters' property—the lot marked 7674 is a portion of a lot of boxes sent us from the factory—two boys brought them, Kilby and Baston; there should have been thirty boxes; we received twenty-nine—the boys had a hand truck covered, on which they brought them, with the name of Lloyd, Mercer, and Smith on it—the wholesale value of the shirts is 2s. 10d. each—2s. 9 1/2 d. is the lowest—one invoice is April 20th, one 19th May, and the other 14th June.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. If the shirts had been sold the sale would have been recorded in a book by an assistant—the book is not here—there was an order for this half-dozen, but I cannot say whether they wore sold—there was an order from the warehouse to send so many shirts, and when the delivery came the box was short—I am the person to whom they would be delivered—the book is here, it contains all receipts which come into the place from the factory—several dealers buy goods of us at job lot prices—goods are sometimes sold at less than cost price, not at less than half price; a person might be in possession of a shirt worth 3s., and ask Is. 4d. for it; I should not consider it dishonest to do so.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I saw the box there with 6774 on it—7180 was delivered right, and missed afterwards—here is a box here with 180 on it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. The numbers are kept in this list—the box is marked "E. H. Baker and Co.," and on this one there is another customer's name.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-154" type="surname" value="SANDS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-154" type="given" value="HENRY ALBERT"/>HENRY ALBERT SANDS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to the prosecutor at the factory, 78, Great Eastern Street—on 19th June I delivered nineteen boxes of shirts to Kilby and Baston, to take to 32, Wood Street—this box 7674 was one of them; they were tied up when I entered them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-155" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-155" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BAKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I am private inquiry agent—on 17th June I received instructions from the prosecutors, and watched the two boys, Baston and Kilby—I saw them going from the factory to the warehouse with a covered truck—they had three journeys backwards and forwards each day—they stopped at an ice cream barrow kept by George, and both spoke to him—they then went to Wood Street, and I saw them</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280029"/>
<p>return to the warehouse—on the 18th the same thing occurred two or three times—on the 19th they left the factory about 9.30, and went to the warehouse—I waited till they came out, and they came back towards the factory—Kilby spoke to George in Fore Street, and Baston proceeded with the truck in a different direction to what I had seen for a few previous days, towards Upper Whitecross Street; they pulled up at the corner of Guest Street, where Baston entered the truck and partially closed the doors—he came out in about three minutes with a parcel partially wrapped in brown paper, which he carried on his shoulder towards Whitecross Street—I followed him, and when opposite Mr. Nelson's shop I turned round, and when I had emerged from the doorway he had disappeared—I waited, and in five or six minutes I saw him in the same place, walking in the direction of the truck without any parcel—I made a report at the warehouse in Wood Street—next day, Friday, the 20th, I instructed the boys, and saw them go to the ice cream barrow, and saw George give the lad some money; I cannot say what it was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. There was a name on the ice cream cart, and it was broad daylight—that was not the direct way from Wood Street to the warehouse; it was a long way round—Mr. Lloyd employed me on 17th June—I have canvassed for Mr. Dix; before that I was clerk to Inglis and Co., insurance brokers, 90, Cannon Street, for three years—I am not a regular turfman—I was clerk to Mr. Grow for eighteen months—I am forty-one years old—my private address is 217, City Road—I refuse to say whether I have been promised something if this job comes off all right.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-156" type="surname" value="KILBY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-156" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KILBY</persName> </hi>. I am fourteen years old, and was in the prosecutor's employ as porter till quite recently—I live at 40, Walton Street, Bethnal Green—about three months before this, George said to me in Fore Street, "Do your people make shirts?"—I said, "Yes"—he said, "Can you get me any?"—I said, "I will try"—he gave me some ice cream, and then I went away—he spoke in English, and I spoke to him in English—about a fortnight afterwards I got him half a dozen shirts from the factory in a box similar to this, and left them in the truck—we then both went to George's in Fore Street, and he gave us some ice cream, and said, "Take them to Peter Mazzolini, in Whitecross Street"—I went there and saw the other prisoner—he said, "Who sent them?"—I said, "Jumbo;" that is the prisoner George—I left them and went away—he took them out at the back—I then returned to George, and he paid me 8s.—about a fortnight afterwards George said, "Can you get me some more shirts?" I said, "No"—he said, "Then drop it; our people have been talking about it; drop it for a week"—about a week afterwards I got him two more boxes, and took them to Peter Mazzolini's shop; some workpeople were there, and he called me round the counter and said, "Don't give them while there is anybody in the shop"—when they went out I handed them to him, he took them to the back, and I went back to George in Fore Street, who paid me 14s., and said, "Don't let anybody see you take them round, as it will make it hot for me"—I saw George pay Baston 2s.—on 19th June George said, "Can you get me any more shirts?"—I said, "Yes"—and on the first morning as we were takings the truck to Wood Street we left half a dozen in the truck, and Baston stopped with the truck while I went in—we then went to Whitecross Street, and I looked after the truck while Baston took</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280030"/>
<p>the shirts to May's shop—I did not go back to George that day—some detectives spoke to me that evening, and next morning Baston and I went to George's barrow—I said, "George, have you got me the money?"—he said, "No"—I said, "Give me sixpence of it," and he gave me sixpence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POYNTER</hi>. I have never been in trouble—I have never offered any shirts to George which he has declined buying—I do not know Barfield, who is sometimes with George—there has not been an Italian with him—I have never asked George if Mazzolini would buy shirts of me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. George is well known as "Jumbo" and "Buffalo Bill"—all I said was that "Jumbo" or "Buffalo Bill" would send them round to his place—I have known him about a year; he is an ice cream man—he has no shop—he does not sell shirts.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-157" type="surname" value="BASTON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-157" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS BASTON</persName> </hi>. I am sixteen years old, and am porter to the prosecutors—I have heard Kilby's evidence, and corroborate it—on 19th June I took some shirts into Mazzolini's shop—he had said, "Can you get me a box of shirts?"—I told him I would try—when I took them in I said that Buffalo Bill had sent them—he said, "I will give you the same as Buffalo Bill."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POYNTER</hi>. I have never offered George shirts which he has refused to buy—I do not know Raffell, an Italian—I have not offered in his presence to sell shirts—no shirts were delivered to Buffalo Bill; I took them to Mazzolini.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. He asked me to let him have a box; I swear to the word "box" being used—it is true that when he asked me to let him have a box I made no answer, and walked away—I have been in the prosecutor's service about six months—they have always been kind to me—I did not know George till I entered the firm—I was first asked to give information on Thursday afternoon by Mr. Smith, one of the firm—he took me up into his room, and asked what we had taken—he said, "If you do not tell the whole truth at four o'clock there will be a policeman for you," and I made up my mind to save myself by telling the whole truth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-158" type="surname" value="MAZZOLINI"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-158" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS MAZZOLINI</persName> </hi>. I keep a shop at 103, Upper Whitecross Street—the prisoner Mazzolini worked for me; he lives there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POYNTER</hi>. I know George in the streets with a barrow, but don't know him very well.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. I am Mazzolini's brother; he has always borne a good character—I have never seen Kilby in the shop—I once saw Baston there; he asked for my brother, and I called him down, and the boy gave him a box of shirts, saying," Buffalo Bill sent those for you"—I know George as Buffalo Bill—the Alderman admitted my brother to bail.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-159" type="surname" value="LYSONS"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-159" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL LYSONS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On 19th June, about 9.30, I went to the prosecutor's warehouse, and saw Kilby and Baston—I had a conversation with them, and went with them next morning to Fore Street, and saw them go to George's barrow; they had some conversation with him, while I stood at a distance—they subsequently returned, and showed me this sixpence (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I saw George put his hand into his pocket and pass something to Kilby—I said to George," I shall take you in custody for inciting some boys to steal some shirts"—he muttered some</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280031"/>
<p>thing in broken English, which I did not understand—we took him to the station, and he was charged with inciting the two last witnesses to steal half a dozen white shirts—on the same day I went with Oats and Baston to 103, Upper Whitecross Street, and saw Mazzolini, and said, "This boy identifies your brother as the person who gave this box of shirts away yesterday"—he admitted that he had made a mistake in speaking of the prisoner's brother, and then the prisoner said, "It was me, and not my brother"—I said, "We are police officers"—we went upstairs, and Oats opened two boxes with a key, one of which contained six shirts and the other five—I took him to the station, and he was charged.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FAITH</hi>. I saw a box marked "E. 4.7180"; that is the trade mark—Mazzolini was admitted to bail at the Police court in £25 and two sureties—he bears a highly honourable character, and has been at his present address four or five years—he is a confectioner—these foreigners deal in a great many things; one man buys a job lot, and gets rid of it to his countrymen—there were plenty of people to bail him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners received good characters.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-584-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-584-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-584-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900728-584-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-584-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-584-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-584-18900728 t18900728-584-punishment-20"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-584-18900728 t18900728-584-punishment-20"/>Eighteen Months Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-585">
<interp inst="t18900728-585" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-585" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-585-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-585-18900728 t18900728-585-offence-1 t18900728-585-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-585-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-585-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-585-18900728" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-585-18900728" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-585-18900728" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED MORGAN</hi> (35)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-585-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-585-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-585-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18900728-585-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-585-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-585-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering an order for the insertion of certain advertisements, with intent to defraud;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to obtaining £3 2s. 6d. by false pretences.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900728-585-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-585-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-585-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-585-18900728 t18900728-585-punishment-21"/>Three Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1890</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-586">
<interp inst="t18900728-586" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-586" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-586-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-586-18900728 t18900728-586-offence-1 t18900728-586-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-586-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-586-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-586-18900728" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-586-18900728" type="surname" value="CRITOLPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-586-18900728" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL CRITOLPH</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-586-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-586-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-586-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18900728-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-162" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-162" type="surname" value="CRITOLPH"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-162" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-586-offence-1 t18900728-name-162"/>Annie Critolph</persName>, a girl under thirteen.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTOX</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ARTHUR GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-586-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-586-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-586-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="italic">For other cases tried this day, see Essex cases.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, July</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grantham.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-587">
<interp inst="t18900728-587" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-587" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-587-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-587-18900728 t18900728-587-offence-1 t18900728-587-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-587-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-587-18900728 t18900728-587-offence-1 t18900728-587-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-587-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-588-18900728 t18900728-587-offence-2 t18900728-587-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-587-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-588-18900728 t18900728-587-offence-2 t18900728-587-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-587-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-587-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-587-18900728" type="age" value="59"/>
<interp inst="def1-587-18900728" type="surname" value="OAKES"/>
<interp inst="def1-587-18900728" type="given" value="RICHARD ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD ARTHUR OAKES</hi> (59)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-587-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-587-18900728" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-587-18900728" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def2-587-18900728" type="surname" value="OAKE"/>
<interp inst="def2-587-18900728" type="given" value="AMY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AMY OAKES</hi> </persName> (46),
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-587-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-587-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-587-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18900728-587-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-587-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-587-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>to feloniously attempting to kill and murder themselves</rs>.
<rs id="t18900728-587-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-587-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-587-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>They were
<hi rend="italic">also indicted</hi> for the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18900728-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-165" type="age" value="8"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-165" type="surname" value="OAKES"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-165" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-587-offence-2 t18900728-name-165"/>Arthur Oakes</persName> </rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. FORREST FULTON, HORACE AVORY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BIRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-166" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-166" type="given" value="ALICE ROSE"/>ALICE ROSE GRAHAM</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Frederick Graham, of 27, Grove Road, Upper Holloway—the two prisoners occupied the first floor with their little boy Arthur, who was about eight years old; he was called
<hi rend="italic">Arty</hi>—on Saturday, 7th June, about four in the afternoon, I saw the boy go up to their room with his mother—I did not see Mr. Oakes at that time—the boy was apparently quite well—next day, Sunday, I went to the door of their</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280032"/>
<p>room about twelve, and called to Mrs. Oakes; she answered me, "Yes" and I went away—about half-past three the same day, as I was passing the door, she called to me to bring a jug of water—I asked her, through the door, if she was well; she said, "No; me and my Arthur are paralysed in our legs"—Arthur was the name she called her husband—she also said something about a hospital, but I could not catch any more; I went downstairs—about half-past five the same day my mother-in-law, Mrs. Graham, went up and knocked at their door, and asked what was the matter—I heard Mrs. Oakes reply, "We are very ill, Mrs. Graham"—mother said, "May I came in?"—she said, "No, I would rather you would not; it might frighten you"—I then went to the door, and asked if she would let me come in; she said, "No, I won't let you in"—I said, "I will come in"—she said, "Wait a moment, then, till I unlock the door; fetch your husband and Mr. Graham"—she then opened the door; she was in her night-dress—I observed that she had a cut in her throat, and blood was all down the front of her night-dress; it was not bleeding at the time, it was dry—I said, "Oh, Mrs. Oakes!"—she said, "Oh, Mrs. Graham, you have been good people to us while living with you; we could not pay the rent we promised your mother, and we thought we would try to take our lives"—I said, "Where is Arthur?"—she said, "In Heaven"—I then went to the bedside and saw Mr. Oakes in bed—I said, "Who has done it?"—she made no reply—Mr. Oakes was lying in bed with a towel round his throat, and blood on it; it was not bleeding, it looked dry—that was all that took place.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They had been lodging with us a year and ten months—they were six weeks in arrear with their rent, which was 6s. 6d. a week—they were always very kind to the little boy; they were very fond of him—as far as I could see they lived very happily together.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-167" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-167" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GRAHAM</persName> </hi>. I am a harmonium maker—on Sunday, 8th June, I went with my wife to the door of the prisoners' room, about five—I saw Mrs. Oakes standing against the bed, with blood on her night-dress—I heard her say, "I promised to pay your mother some money; we don't like to disappoint, so we have tried to take our lives"—I went to the Great Northern Hospital, and afterwards to the police-station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-168" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-168" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS NEWMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector Y</hi>) I was called to the house about six on Sunday evening—I went to the prisoners' room, and found them both in bed, each with their throat cut—the female prisoner spoke first—she said, "We have been out of our senses for nights; it is poverty has made us do this; we took strychnine last night, and meant to die together; finding it did not kill us, I took a razor and cut my throat, and then he took it and cut his. We did not wish to leave the little boy behind, to the cold charity of the world"—I saw an open razor in the room with blood upon it; there was also a quantity of blood—I then went into the back room, and there saw the boy in a cot, dead; he was lying on his right side undressed—I noticed vomit on the pillowcase and sheets—I directed Sergeant Mansfield to take the sheets off the bed, and fold them up for the purpose of analysis—Dr. Cowan then arrived, and Dr. White shortly after—the boy's body was rigid, which made me look for strychnine—I asked the doctors, in the prisoners' presence, what strychnine was like, and the male prisoner said, "I made it into a paste, and divided it into three parts"—I found this letter (marked A) on the mantelpiece, addressed to Mrs. Simpson, 7, Alexandra</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280033"/>
<p>Road, Green Lanes, Hornsey; also this other letter (B) addressed to Mr. B. A. Oakes, 27, Grove Road, Holloway, dated 22nd May, 1890: "Please call to-morrow morning, Friday, at 10.30, in reference to reply to our advertisement."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The female prisoner said, "We have been out of our senses for nights, and don't know what we have been doing. "</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-169" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-169" type="given" value="CHARLES COFIELD"/>CHARLES COFIELD SIMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am a stationer, residing at Alexandra Road, Hornsey; the male prisoner is my uncle; I know his handwriting—this letter (A) is his writing.
<hi rend="italic">The Utter woe as follows</hi>: "My dearest Georgie,—Twelve months have I now put up with a most miserable, struggling existence, and I really cannot stand any more; I am completely worn out, and relations who could assist me won't do any more, for such was uncle's last intimation. Never mind, he can't take his money and comfort with him, and in all probability will find himself in the same boat as myself; he never inquires whether I am starving or not. £3, a mere flea-bite to him, would have put me straight, and his security and interest might have obtained me a good situation long ago. I can face poverty and degradation no longer, and would sooner die than go to the workhouse. Whatever the awful consequences may be of the step we have taken, we have, God forgive us, taken our darling lamb
<hi rend="italic">Arty</hi> with us, out of pure love and affection, so that the darling should never be cuffed about, or reminded or taunted with his heart-broken parent's crime. My poor wife has done her best at needlework, washing, house minding, etc., in fact, anything and everything that would bring us in a shilling, but it would only keep us in semi-starvation. I have now done six weeks' travelling from morning till night, and not received one farthing for it; if that is not enough to drive you mad, wickedly mad, I don't know what is—no bright prospect anywhere, no ray of hope. May God Almighty forgive us for this heinous sin, and have mercy on our sinful souls, is the prayer of your miserable broken-hearted, but loving brother,
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR</hi>. We have now done everything that we possibly can think of to avert this wicked proceeding, but can discover no ray of hope; fervent prayer has availed us nothing; our lot is cast, and we must abide by it; it must be God's will, or he would have ordained it differently. Dear Georgie, I am exceedingly sorry to leave you all, but I am mad, thoroughly mad. You, dear, must try and forget us, and if possible forgive us, for I do not consider it our fault we have not succeeded. If we can get £2 for our bed it will pay our rent, and our scanty furniture will fetch another to bury us in a very cheap way. Don't grieve over us, or follow us, for we shall not be worthy of such respect. Our clergyman has never called on us or given us the least consolation, though I called on him a week ago; he is paid to preach, and there he considers his responsibility ends, the rich excepted. We have only yourself and a very few others who care one pin what becomes of us, but you must try and forgive us, is the last fervent prayer of your devoted friend and affectionate but broken-hearted and persecuted brother,
<hi rend="smallCaps">B. A. OAKES</hi>."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am the nephew of Mr. Oakes; he has always been a temperate man—he has been out of regular employment for about a year—during that time he has been seeking employment; he had a hope of some about the end of May from Messrs. Baiss Brothers, wholesale druggists, of 4, Jewry Street but was disappointed, after expecting it for a considerable time; he was told there was no vacancy—among other</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280034"/>
<p>things at the lodging I took possession of more than a dozen pawntickets, including among other things the wife's wedding-ring, shirts, sheets, and boots—there were two purses containing a halfpenny in each, that was all the money I could find.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. It is more than twelve months since he lost his last regular employment—I believe he lost that because he was getting too old, and they required a younger person to perform the duties—he is fifty-nine years of age—he was in the laboratory department at Messrs. Burgoyne's, drug and chemical manufacturers, seven years and a half—I fancy he had about £2 a week—after that he was for a short time working for a friend who gave him £1 a week, for travelling, that was only intermittent—latterly he was engaged as an agent for an assurance company, canvassing for business, but was not successful; he had no salary, only a commission on what he earned—his friends helped him at different times; his wife has no friends immediately surrounding her—I did not know that they were giving way to despondency—I knew that he had been expecting employment, and that he had just recently lost the only hope he had of permanent employment from Messrs. Baiss.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-170" type="surname" value="LAING"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-170" type="given" value="GORDON"/>GORDON LAING</persName> </hi>. I am house physician of the Great Northern Hospital, Holloway Road—about seven o'clock on the 8th June the two prisoners were brought there—I examined them—I found that the female, who was brought first, was suffering from a large wound in the throat, and the male prisoner was suffering from a smaller wound—while dressing the female's wound she had a very marked spasm; the whole body became rigid—that would not be caused by the wound—after that I dressed the male prisoner's wound—I noticed that he was apparently unable to move his lower limbs, and they were discoloured, apparently bruised—I had heard that strychnine had been taken, and I asked him what quantity he had taken—he answered, "I took five grains of strychnine, and made it into a paste, and divided it into three parts, and we took it"—I did not treat him for strychnine poisoning; I did not see any indication of it—the convulsive movements in the female prisoner were not inconsistent with strychnine poisoning.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not treat her for that; I gave my attention to the injury to the throat—I am quite sure that the question I asked of the male prisoner was, "How much have you taken?"</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The female prisoner also appeared
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> have lost the use of her lower extremities; that might have been produced by strychnine poisoning.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-171" type="surname" value="COWEN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-171" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP COWEN</persName> </hi>. I am a registered medical practitioner, at Holloway—on 8th June, between six and seven in the evening, I was called to 27, Grove Road, and there saw the two prisoners in bed; the woman had lost a great deal of blood—I went into the back room, and in a cot I saw the body of the boy—he was lying on his right side, and was very rigid, more rigid than from the natural
<hi rend="italic">rigor mortis</hi>—I should think he had been dead more than six hours—in conjunction with Dr. White, I afterwards made a post-mortem examination—the rigidity was very marked in the lower jaw, what is commonly called locked-jaw—the mouth contained a quantity of solid particles of vomit—my opinion was that that would have been ejected but for the locked-jaw—the hands were clenched and the feet were curved inwards—the hands and feet were blue and livid, and the lips also—there was some backward curving in the legs, that is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280035"/>
<p>the body rested on the heels and the buttocks; it was not marked further than that, not to a greater extent—the internal organs were more or less congested, the surface of the brain more especially—the lungs and liver were more or less congested, the heart was partly contracted and empty, the bladder was empty—except for the congestion, the organs were healthy; there was nothing apparent to account for death—I formed the opinion that he had died from a convulsive condition of a titanic character—strychnine would produce such a condition—the appearances were consistent with death from strychnine—I afterwards put the stomach and intestines in one jar, and the whole of the liver, kidneys, and spleen, and a portion of the lungs and brain, into another jar, and they were sent to Dr. Luff—I also put into a tin box some of the vomit that I found on the night shirt and in the mouth.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The boy lay on his right side; I did not put him on his back; there was no marked curving of the body at that time—curving of the body is one of the leading indications of death by strychnine—there was lividity; blueness is lividity—I found small pieces of meat on the tongue and on the teeth—I examined the windpipe—there was not sufficient congestion to account for death from asphyxia; it was too slight—congestion of the organs is one of the indications of asphyxia; lividity may be consistent with it—one of the ways in which strychnine acts is by asphyxiating—it is possible that in the expulsion of a full stomach some portion may go back and obscure the windpipe—that has happened over and over again—I have known it in persons swallowing food—I don't know that I have known it block the windpipe and cause suffocation—such a condition is possible—I have read of such cases portions of food finding their way into the air-cells may cause suffocation—there was nothing in the windpipe but bloody mucus—I took it out; not a large quantity; I should say about one or two teaspoonfuls—in death by asphyxia there may be patches of lividity diffused when the body has become cold.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi> If a person had been suffocated in vomiting from natural causes, by the vomit returning into the windpipe, or the air passages, I should expect to find on the post-mortem the right side of the heart filled with blood, and more congestion of the lungs and other organs than I did in this case, but not of the brain, and I should expect to find traces of the vomit in the air passages—in this case I found no solid substance in the vessels—there is no curvature of the limbs in simple suffocation—I turned the boy's body on to the back, and then found curvature—the sort of vomit I found was a sort of gruel, no solid food.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-172" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-172" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHITE</persName> </hi>, M. D. I am a Divisional Surgeon of Police, and practise at 428, Liverpool Road—on 8th June I was called by the police to 27, Grove Road—I there saw the body of a boy, and examined it—I have been in Court and heard Mr. Cowen's evidence, and agree with it—we stood the body on end, and so rigid was it that it stood by itself—the jaw was completely locked, and the food was in the vault of the mouth—I formed the opinion that the death was from strychnine poisoning—I heard the male prisoner say that he made the strychnine into a paste, and divided it into three portions—I don't recollect more—the inspector took it down in writing.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280036"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was nothing in the trachea; the meat was in the vault of the mouth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-173" type="surname" value="LUFF"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-173" type="given" value="ARTHUR PEARSON"/>ARTHUR PEARSON LUFF</persName> </hi>, M. D. and M.R.C.P. On the 11th June I received from the coroner's officer a glass jar containing a stomach, liver, a portion of brain, and a portion of a lung; also a second jar containing intestines, kidneys, and spleen; and a small tin box containing vomit, and a paper parcel containing sheets and pillowcase; I analysed all the viscera, and found no poison—in the vomit I found a trace of what I believe to be strychnine; it was too small to be weighed by the most delicate balance—in death from strychnine it does not necessarily follow that traces of it will be found in the contents of the stomach; if it does not produce death very rapidly, it undergoes absorption and elimination, mainly in the urine—the period within which death happens varies considerably, according to the strength of the dose and the constitution of the patient—it might be discoverable elsewhere—it would depend upon the length of time elapsing after it has been swallowed; I could tell of cases where three hours after death none has been discovered—the smallest dose that has been known to kill an adult is half a grain, and the smallest that ever killed a child between two and three years of age is 1-16 of a grain—vomiting is a rare symptom after strychnine—I have heard the evidence given to-day of the post-mortem appearances; they are consistent with death from strychnine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> No poison was found in this viscera; I analysed it carefully—in my own experience I have always found strychnine in such cases—it is the rule that so much of the poison is absorbed as it takes to produce death, and whatever is over and above that remains—if it is absent from other parts of the body I should consider that the most likely spot to find it would be in the spinal cord—congestion of the upper part of the spinal marrow is not an uncommon post-mortem sign—the spinal cord was not sent to me—I agree with Professor Stevenson in this, that strychnine can hardly fail to be detected in the body within two hours—I stated before the Magistrate, "I should not, from my examination of the organs, be justified in saying that strychnine had been taken, or that the deceased had died from the administration of strychnine, judging from the organs that were sent to me, and from the results by analyses"—that is simply from the result of my examination of that which was sent to me—from my examination of the organs in this case I should not feel justified in saying that the deceased had died from strychnine, but after hearing the other witnessses, combined with my analyses, I say it is possible that it was a death from strychnine; that is my opinion now—if death ensues within two hours after the administration of strychnine, I should expect to find traces of it in the body—a grain would be amply sufficient to kill a boy of eight; if more were given in all probability death would be more speedy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-174" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-174" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MILLER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector Y</hi>). About one in the afternoon of 25th June I went with Inspector Newman to the Great Northern Hospital—I there saw both the prisoners—I said, "We shall take you into custody, and you will be charged with the wilful murder of Arthur Augustus Oakes, your son, at 27, Grove Road, Holloway, on 8th June, by administering poison"—they made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that there was no evidence that the female prisoner administered anything noxious to the deceased, and that she could not be held</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280037"/>
<hi rend="italic">responsible for the Utter written by the male prisoner, or for any statement he may have made.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE GRANTHAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">could not say there was no ease against her, there being evidence to show that she was a party to what was done.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18900728-587-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-587-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-587-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the act, but being insane at the time</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18900728-587-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-587-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-587-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-588-18900728 t18900728-587-punishment-22"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-588-18900728 t18900728-587-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ordered to be detained until Her Majesty's pleasure be known</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, July</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1890.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-588">
<interp inst="t18900728-588" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-588" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-588-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-588-18900728 t18900728-588-offence-1 t18900728-588-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-588-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-588-18900728 t18900728-588-offence-1 t18900728-588-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-588-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-588-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-588-18900728" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-588-18900728" type="surname" value="TWYMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-588-18900728" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK TWYMAN</hi> (23)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-588-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-588-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-588-18900728" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def2-588-18900728" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="def2-588-18900728" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HALL</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-588-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-588-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-588-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a warrant and order for the payment of £39 10s., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Ball.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HOLDAWAY</hi>. I live in Vassal Road, Brixton, and am cashier at the London and South-Western Bank, Brixton Branch—on 7th April last an order for a cheque-book containing fifty cheques was presented to me signed, "Kingdon," which I issued—I afterwards ascertained the order was forged—this is one of the cheques (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—we have no customer of the name of the drawer—I do not know either of the prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-177" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-177" type="surname" value="REEVE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-177" type="given" value="MAY"/>MAY REEVE</persName> </hi>. I live at Dunstan Hall, Norwich, and am scullerymaid in the employ of Sir Edmund Lacon—at the beginning of July I was at the house, 14, Groveton Street, and on the evening of the 3rd Twyman rang the area bell, and asked if I would oblige Cadbury and Pratt with their book—Sir Edmund Lacon deals with them—I gave it to them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-178" type="surname" value="BUCKLE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-178" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD BUCKLE</persName> </hi>. I live at Bawden Buildings, Berkeley Square—about six p.m. on 3rd July I was with another boy, Fletcher, at the corner of Bond street, Brook Street, when Twyman asked Fletcher if he knew Cadbury and Pratt's—he said he did, and he asked him if he would take a note there—Fletcher said he could, but could not bring back an answer, and said, "He might," meaning me—we then crossed the road, and Twyman beckoned me to him, and gave me a book and a letter, which he said were from
<hi rend="italic">Mr.</hi> Lacon, of Grosvenor Street—I was to give them in, and wait for an answer, and he Would wait round the corner—I took the book and letter to Cadbury's, and gave them to the cashier—he said, "This is the man that is wanted"—a few minutes after two men were brought in.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Twyman</hi>, I have an idea that you are the man—I do not swear it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-179" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-179" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE FLETCHER</persName> </hi>. I was with Buckle when Twyman asked me if I knew Cadbury and Pratt's—I said, "Yea; it is a little lower down on the left"—he said, "Will you take a note there for me? I will give you sixpence"—I said, "I can't bring you back an answer"—he said, "Oh, I want an answer"—I said, "Perhaps this boy can do it"—I left Twyman, and went across the road, and told Buckle what Twyman said to me, and Buckle said, "I will do it," and Twyman turned round and beckoned Buckle towards him—I am sure he is the man that spoke to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-180" type="surname" value="LYVER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-180" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>WILLIAM CHARLES LYVER</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Robert Willoughby, who trades as Cadbury, Pratt and Co,—Sir Edmund Lacon is a customer and had an account and book—Buckle brought the letter containing this cheque for £39 10s. I suspected it, and spoke to the principal—a few minutes</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280038"/>
<p>afterwards the two prisoners were brought into the shop by two constables.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-181" type="surname" value="WILLOUGHBY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-181" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WILLOUGHBY</persName> </hi>. I am one of the partners trading as Cadbury, Pratt and Co.—this letter was handed to me, and I went out and spoke to the policeman on the point—I then sent the boy and one of the shop-men up the street to the corner of Brook Street, whither the policeman had lately gone—I then went to the other side of the road—as I got to the corner of Lancashire Court, where there is a public-house, I saw the two prisoners talking together, and I heard one say, "Do you know the boy?"—I saw Twyman leave the other and go towards our shop on the opposite side of the road—I then looked after Hall—he disappeared, I thought, in the public-house—I crossed the road to the policeman and spoke to him—on looking round I saw the two prisoners coming up the street together—I said, "There are the men"—they saw me point to them, and they began to run—the policeman ran after them and caught them both in Lancashire Court—they were taken to my shop, and I said, "What about this?"—Twyman said he knew nothing about it—I said to the boy who had already pointed to Twyman, "Are you perfectly sure?" and it was then he said he was not positive—the other boy wasn't there—they were taken to Marlborough Street Police-station, where I charged them—they said they knew nothing about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. I lost sight of Hall—the policeman had to run about 100 yards before he caught them—it was I who suggested they should go to Marlborough Street—Hall previously said he knew nothing about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-182" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-182" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BOLTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 239). I was at the corner of Bond Street and Brook Street when I saw the two prisoners standing at the corner of Lancashire Court, about one hundred yards from Cadbury and Pratt's shop—they were speaking together—I kept observation on them—I was then spoken to by Police-constable White, who was on point duty outside Cadbury's—Mr. Willoughby spoke to us, and I crossed the road in the direction of the prisoners—they turned down Lancashire Court and ran, and I followed—they ran shoulder to shoulder—I caught them—White came on, and I handed Twyman to him—I told them I should arrest them on suspicion of having passed a forged cheque—they made no remark—as we went back to the shop, Hall said, "What is all this about?"—I said, "We shall see when we get to the shop"—at the shop the boy was asked whether he could identify them—he said he was not sure; he thought it was them; and then Twyman said, "I know nothing about it"—they were taken to Marlborough Street Police-station—I was afterwards present when Fletcher picked Twyman out of six or seven men—six pounds in gold, four shillings and sixpence in silver, sevenpence-halfpenny in bronze, and two pawntickets were found on Twyman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. Lancashire Court leads out of Bond Street, between Brook Street and Grosvenor Street—I was looking towards Cadbury and Pratt's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-183" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-183" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 203). I was on special duty outside Cadbury and Pratt's when Mr. Willoughby spoke to me—I afterwards spoke to Bolton—when Mr. Willoughby spoke to the other constable the prisoners went off, as sharp as they could, down Bond Street, till they got to Lancashire Court—we ran after them, and I took Twyman.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280039"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. There is a passage right through Lancashire Court—when I started running I was about twelve feet away from them—I ran about one hundred yards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-184" type="surname" value="LACON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-184" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>SIR EDMUND LACON</persName> </hi>. I live at Dunstan Hall, near Norwich—in July I was in Grosvenor Street—I have seen this cheque—I know no person named Walter Arthur Russell, nor was the cheque ever in my possession—the endorsement on it is a forgery—I know nothing of the note—I am a customer to Cadbury and Pratt—I know nothing of the prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-185" type="surname" value="LUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-185" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY LUNN</persName> </hi>. I am a gardener, of Putney—I was on Putney Hill on the 28th May about 5.30 p.m.—I was spoken to by Twyman; he was in company with what I took to be the other prisoner—I gave a description of the men—they are the same, to the best of my belief.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. I went to Marlborough Street Police station and identified Twyman on the first occasion—I waited a moment before I picked out Hall, and then did so—I did not pick out Hall at first; he was amongst several others—the man with Hall was dressed in a dark tweed suit on the 28th May—I said at the Police-court, "I can't say how Hall was dressed on the 28th May"—it is only to the best of my belief that I say now Hall is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners' statements before the Magistrate Twyman says</hi>: "I am not guilty. "
<hi rend="italic">Hall says</hi>: "I was not running away. I did not see the policeman till he caught hold of me. If we were running away the policeman could not have caught us both at the same time, which he did. "</p>
<hi rend="italic">Twyman's Defence.</hi> The writing on the cheque and the letter is not mine; I never wrote a cheque in my life. "</p>
<hi rend="italic">Hall received a good character</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-588-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-588-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-588-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TWYMAN</hi>
<rs id="t18900728-588-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-588-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-588-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of uttering</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900728-588-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-588-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-588-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-588-18900728 t18900728-588-punishment-23"/>Respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-589">
<interp inst="t18900728-589" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-589" type="date" value="18900728"/>
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<persName id="def1-589-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-589-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-589-18900728" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-589-18900728" type="surname" value="LOWE"/>
<interp inst="def1-589-18900728" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM LOWE</hi> (50)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-589-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-589-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-589-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18900728-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-187" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-187" type="surname" value="HALIFAX"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-187" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE BESSIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-589-offence-1 t18900728-name-187"/>Charlotte Bessie Halifax</persName> during the lifetime of his wife.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AUSTIN METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-188" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-188" type="surname" value="HALIFAX"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-188" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE BESSIE"/>CHARLOTTE BESSIE HALIFAX</persName> </hi>. I made the prisoner's acquaintance in June, 1887, when I was living with my father—he represented himself as a widower, and wished to marry me—on 21st January, 1888, we were married at St. Thomas's Church, Shepherd's Bush—he wished to have a private wedding, but I said no, I would like to have all my friends to see me married, and accordingly it was public—I lived with him at 53, Ledbury Road, Bayswater, till June of this year—I have had a child by him—his father and mother called on me one day when he was out, and made a communication to me—on his return I said, "I hear you are a married man with three children; you have been a bad man to me, and a villain to me, but you don't mean to say you have deceived me so?" and he said, "No, I have not"—he said he was not a married man, and that his wife was not living—he said, "Has my—old father been telling you this?"—as soon as I recovered from my confinement I rave him in charge—he threatened to shoot me and my father if I went to law, and I told him it was the only thing I could do to clear my character—I found these documents amongst his papers. (
<hi rend="italic">One was a receipt for money paid at the end of</hi> 1888,
<hi rend="italic">under a separation deed, and the other was a County Court summons</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I met him riding in Hyde Park—he kept galloping after me, and then back again and forward, until he turned his horse's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280040"/>
<p>head and spoke tome—he said, "I want to make your acquaintance"—he drove me as far as the turning to my home—he was introduced to my father, and after we were engaged he took me to Brighton for ten days, with my father's consent—he behaved as a gentleman while there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-189" type="surname" value="DEW"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-189" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER DEW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant F</hi>). On 2nd July I saw the prisoner at 53, Ledbury Road—I told him I was a police officer, and should take him into custody for intermarrying with Charlotte Bessie Halifax on 21st January, 1888, at St. Thomas's Church, Shepherd's Bush, his first wife, Emma Mary Suffield, being then and now alive—he said, "I have not seen my wife for fifteen years"—a moment after he saw the last witness, and said to her, "You are not going to lock me up; if you don't do that I will do anything in the world for you; don't charge me, you need not if you like"—he then turned to me and said, "I have not seen my first wife for the last ten years," and on the way to the police-station he said, "If it had not been for the old man (her father) she would not have known I was married"—when the charge was read over to him he made no reply—I produce the two certificates of marriage, one dated August 27th, 1863, and the other 21st January, 1888, in which last he describes himself as a widower—I have compared them with the originals.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-190" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-190" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HOWARD</persName> </hi>. I live at 16, Gloucester Villas, Homerton—I was present at the prisoner's marriage on 27th August, 1863, with Miss Suffield, in the parish church, Hackney—I have seen her to-day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am no relation of hers; I have known her from childhood—she has a sister named Davis, at Wood Green—she lived at Hackney in 1888—she lived next door to the defendant's brother—I think it was Queen Ann's Road—I have been there two or three times.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-191" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-191" type="surname" value="HALIFAX"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-191" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE B. HALIFAX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>). I never saw his brother till sixteen months after the marriage—his brother did not seem to communicate with him at all—I went there at night about a year ago because the prisoner wanted to take some harness home to a customer near, and as far as I remember we called there that day—he kept the buggy outside, and would not let me stop there long.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-192" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-192" type="surname" value="DOBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-192" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN DOBSON</persName> </hi>. I am married, and live in the Mile End Road. I have known the prisoner's first wife for thirty-three years—she lived in the Hackney Road down to 1880—she is now living at Stoke Newington, 6, Lenthal Road—they lived very unhappily almost from the first.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She did not live in the same house after that she had lived in with the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There are three grown-up children of the marriage—the eldest son is twenty-five.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-193" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-193" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND WEST</persName> </hi>. I am managing clerk to Messrs. C.R. Randall, of Copthall Buildings, E. G., solicitors—we approved the separation deed between the prisoner and his first wife, dated 17th August, 1880, and we afterwards had it in our custody—by it the prisoner agreed to pay his wife £1 a week for the maintenance of herself and children, and he used to come to the office to pay it—the last payment I remember his making was 30th May, 1881.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Many of the payments he made were those that had fallen into arrear—these receipts (
<hi rend="italic">a book was produced</hi>) are in the writing of Carman, a clerk in the office, down to the 2nd January, 1882, £2—at the beginning of the book it says: "Received of Mr. Lowe, the following</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280041"/>
<p>weekly sums, in accordance with the terms of his agreement, dated' 17th August, 1880. "</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-194" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-194" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>THOMAS WILLIAM PALMER</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor—I was instructed by Messrs. Randall, towards the close of 1881, to take proceedings against the prisoner on the separation deed—I was informed in the early part of 1882 that he was bankrupt—no proceedings were taken after November, 1881—I issued a summons against him for £14 under the deed, which was paid.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted there was no case; that it was clear the prisoner and his wife had been continuously absent from each other for over a period of seven years, and there was no evidence that he actually knew his wife woe living while he made the payments under the deed</hi> (see The Queen
<hi rend="italic">v</hi> Tolson).</p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that it was a question of fact for the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-589-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-589-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-589-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900728-589-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-589-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-589-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-588-18900728 t18900728-589-punishment-24"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-590">
<interp inst="t18900728-590" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-590" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-590-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-590-18900728 t18900728-590-offence-1 t18900728-590-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-590-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-590-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-590-18900728" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-590-18900728" type="surname" value="DURRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-590-18900728" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWAED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT EDWAED DURRANT</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-590-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-590-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-590-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18900728-name-196" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-196" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-196" type="surname" value="CURREY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-196" type="given" value="ALICE MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-590-offence-1 t18900728-name-196"/>Alice Mary Currey</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PASSMORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MARK KNOWLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-197" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-197" type="surname" value="CURREY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-197" type="given" value="ALICE MARY"/>ALICE MARY CURREY</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Canonbury Villas, Ball's Pond Road—on 30th January last I was married to the prisoner, and lived with him until these proceedings were taken—I had known him about twelve months—he told me he was married before; he said nothing about his wife—I assumed he was entitled to marry me—he courted me for five or six months—I was walking with him on Saturday, 21st June, when we met Sabina Marshall, who had some conversation with the prisoner—she told him he was married to her sister—he did not introduce me—she asked me if I was married to him; I did not answer—the prisoner said nothing about it, and I never questioned him; and he told me not to trouble about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He did not say he was not quite certain whether his wife was alive, or that he had not seen her for three years, or that he had written three times—he has been a most kind and loving husband to me, and has kept regularly to his work and given me his money, and done all that a good husband could do—after this is all settled I am going, to live with him again—I know now that he is a married man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-198" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-198" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-198" type="given" value="SABINA"/>SABINA MARSHALL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Police-constable Marshall, of 12, Miller's Terrace, Stoke Newington—I was present on 30th December,. 1886, when the prisoner was married to my sister, Edith Sarah, at East Reedham Church, in Norfolk—he left her the last week in August, 1887—they have one little girl—my sister is here—I met the prisoner with Alice Mary Currey on 21st June last in Stoke Newington—I asked him if his name was Durrant—he said, "Yes; but I don't know you"—L said, "You know you have a wife and child in Norfolk"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Are you not ashamed of yourself?" and Alice earner forward, and I asked her if she was aware that she was walking with a married man—she said, "No"—I said, "He has a wife and child in Norfolk," and with that he turned to her and said, "Come on, it's an untruth" and I said, "How dare you tell such a lie when I was at your wedding in 1886!" and he tried to get away, but I told him he was not going away till I knew where he lived, and he gave me an address at 79, High Street, Homerton, which was quite untrue—I asked her if that was the address, and she said, "Yes," and he tried to get into a tram in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280042"/>
<p>Kingsland Road, but she could not get in—I took a ticket for Broad Street, and we got into an empty train—I said, "I don't consider myself safe with him; and he then spat in my face three times and tried to strike me with his umbrella.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been in London eleven years—I went to Norfolk to be my sister's bridesmaid—I don't know of any unpleasantness between them relating to their child, or that the prisoner said it was not his—my sister took him before the Magistrates, and I believe the case was dis missed—she has not had another child since they separated, and she did not say so at the Dalston Police-court; one of the charges at the Police court was that he had given her a black eye—I don't know what sort of husband he was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-199" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-199" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BROWN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Constable J</hi>). I took the prisoner into custody at 2, Canterbury Villas, Ball's Pond Road, on 24th June—I told him I was a police officer, and should take him into custody for feloniously marrying one Alice Mary Currey, his lawful wife being then alive—he said, "Yes; quite right"—I took him to Dalston Station—he made no reply in answer to the charge—I produce an office copy of the certificates, which I have compared.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-590-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-590-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-590-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900728-590-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-590-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-590-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-590-18900728 t18900728-590-punishment-25"/>Four Days' Imprisonment</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-591">
<interp inst="t18900728-591" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-591" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-591-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-591-18900728 t18900728-591-offence-1 t18900728-591-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-591-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-591-18900728 t18900728-591-offence-1 t18900728-591-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-591-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-591-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-591-18900728" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-591-18900728" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-591-18900728" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED THOMAS</hi> (21)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-591-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-591-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-591-18900728" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-591-18900728" type="surname" value="NORRI"/>
<interp inst="def2-591-18900728" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE NORRIS</hi> (25),</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-591-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-591-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-591-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18900728-name-202" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-202" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-202" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-202" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-591-offence-1 t18900728-name-202"/>James Graham</persName>, and stealing a clock and other articles, value £70, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Thomas.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-203" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-203" type="surname" value="BEAUMONT"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-203" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEAUMONT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman FR</hi> 22). I was engaged by Mr. James Graham to take charge of his house, 75, Holland Park, Kensington, during his absence from London, and on 5th July, about 4.30 a.m., I was awoke by a noise in the house—I went downstairs with my son, and found the wardrobe broken open, and the next door was broken open—I sent my son for the police—the burglary had been committed by breaking the conservatory door open, and the dressing-room window and shutters—the chiffonier in the drawing-room was broken open; a clock was missing from the drawing-room mantelpiece, which was there when I went to bed—I found in the back garden a sack containing the clock and some underclothing—I did not see the prisoner, but I heard the door slam as I went down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-204" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-204" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-204" type="surname" value="VINE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-204" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK VINE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman F</hi> 314). On 5th July, shortly after 5 a.m., I received information, and saw the prisoners in Uxbridge Road 150 or 200 yards from the house—I asked them what they were doing there, and they ran away; I blew my whistle and gave chase—they ran up Notting Hill Square, where a constable stopped Norris—I lost sight of Thomas; I jumped over the wall of 13, Notting Hill Square, and saw Thomas crouching down—I seized him, and he began kicking very violently—he kicked me several times in the legs—two more constables jumped over the wall, and we took him to the station, where the inspector said that the property was found in the garden, and Norris said, "It was not found at the back, it was found at the front"—I searched Thomas, and found some false teeth, a bottle of lavender water, some matches, a knife, two keys, some scent-bottle tops, and several other articles (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), which the prosecutor identified.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>. Neither of the prisoners uttered a word</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280043"/>
<p>when I spoke to them—the inspector came in while I was searching Thomas, and brought these things in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-205" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-205" type="surname" value="WARRY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-205" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL WARRY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman F</hi> 341). I saw Vine chasing the prisoners—I took Norris, and told him I should arrest him on suspicion of breaking and entering 71, Holland Park—he said, "The man has gone over the wall who was in the job as well as me, the job in Holland Park"—I saw a man jump over the wall—I searched Norris at the station, and found four razors, two ivory hair brushes, a tobacco pouch, some keys, and a ring; the butler has identified them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>. I was not ten yards from Norris when he jumped over the wall—I swear he is the man; I have not the slightest doubt about him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Norris.</hi> It is not true that you were two hundred or three hundred yards away from Thomas.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-206" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-206" type="surname" value="SCHOFFER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-206" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SCHOFFER</persName> </hi>. I am butler to Mr. James Graham, of 71, Holland Park—I identify this property, it was safe when I left; this scent-bottle is mine, and this stopper belongs to it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DRAKE</hi>. I have been nearly twelve years in Mr. Graham's employment; there is no mark on this bottle of scent, but it has been in the drawer for years—I cannot swear to these teeth, but there has been a set of teeth in a drawer for years—a bunch of disused keys were gone after the burglary.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-207" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-207" type="surname" value="VINE"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-207" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK VINE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman F</hi> 314). I produce a certificate that Inspector Harding is too ill to attend—I saw the two prisoners running in Uxbridge Road side by side, and one of them threw away this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi>, which was found by Moore—I was about five yards off.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-208" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-208" type="surname" value="BEAUMONT"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-208" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEAUMONT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>).I went with the inspector, who fitted this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> into the marks, and it fitted them—here is another instrument which was found in the drawing-room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Norris's Defence.</hi> I found the things tied up in a handkerchief on the steps. I put them in my pocket, and gave some of them to Thomas, and when the policeman stopped me I ran away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18900728-591-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-591-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-591-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18900728-591-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-591-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-591-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-591-18900728 t18900728-591-punishment-26"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-591-18900728 t18900728-591-punishment-26"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-592">
<interp inst="t18900728-592" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-592" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-592-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-592-18900728 t18900728-592-offence-1 t18900728-592-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-592-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-592-18900728" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-592-18900728" type="age" value="82"/>
<interp inst="def1-592-18900728" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-592-18900728" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SMITH</hi> (82)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-592-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-592-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-592-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18900728-name-210" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-210" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-210" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-210" type="occupation" value="hammerman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-592-offence-1 t18900728-name-210"/>John Pearson</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ELDRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-211" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-211" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-211" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PEARSON</persName> </hi>. I am a hammerman, of 18, Archibald Street, Bow—I worked with the prisoner on 8th July, about 8.30 p.m.—we were drinking in a tavern in the East India Dock Road—he said he had had a bad week, and would toss me for his week's wages—we tossed, I won, and he gave me one shilling—we tossed again, and I won again—he then said, "You turned the coin over," and hit me in my chest—I hit him back, and he ran outside the house and came back and stabbed me on my neck, under my eye, in my right ear, in my mouth, in the collar of my coat, and in my waist—I was taken to the hospital—I had had a drop, but I was not intoxicated at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> We had been together from one o'clock—you said that I had got your job—I did not knock you down, but I struck you after you struck me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-212" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-212" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-212" type="surname" value="BIGLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-212" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BIGLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a blacksmith, of 54, Parker Street, Bromley—the prosecutor and prisoner work with me—I was at the Aberfeldy</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="189007280044"/>
<p>Tavern in the afternoon, and saw the tossing and the fighting—I saw a scuffle, and Smith ran out at the door, and ran in again with an open knife—I said, "Look out, Jack! he has got a knife"—they closed, and Pearson ran up to me and said, "Oh, Harry, he has stabbed me!"—he was smothered with blood—I led him to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-213" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-213" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-213" type="surname" value="WHITTARD"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-213" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR WHITTARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 79). I was called to. the Aberfeldy Tavern, and on the way I met Bigley leading the prosecutor, who was bleeding very much—the crowd pointed out the prisoner, and I arrested him—he said, "I must have been a b—fool to wait till you came"—after he was charged he said, "I own to stabbing him, the same as I would anyone else."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-214" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-214" type="surname" value="CORNER"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-214" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK CORNER</persName> </hi>. I am house surgeon at Poplar Hospital—the prosecutor was brought there on 12th July—he had an incised wound on his left cheek, a punctured wound on the margin of his left jaw, lacerating his lip on the inner side, and a small wound on his right ear—he lost much blood—I dressed the wounds, and he left the hospital at once.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I don't know whether I did it or whether he did it himself; it was done by three of us together.</p>
<rs id="t18900728-592-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-592-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-592-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18900728-592-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-592-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-592-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-592-18900728 t18900728-592-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Months' Hard Labour</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18900728-593">
<interp inst="t18900728-593" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18900728"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-593" type="date" value="18900728"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18900728-593-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-593-18900728 t18900728-593-offence-1 t18900728-593-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-593-18900728" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-593-18900728" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-593-18900728" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-593-18900728" type="surname" value="CHADWIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-593-18900728" type="given" value="MAUD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAUD CHADWIN</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18900728-593-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18900728-593-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-593-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing £13, the money of
<persName id="t18900728-name-216" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-216" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-216" type="surname" value="WHITEHORN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-216" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18900728-593-offence-1 t18900728-name-216"/>Caroline Whitehorn</persName>, in her dwelling-house.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18900728-name-217" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18900728-name-217" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-217" type="surname" value="WHITEHORN"/>
<interp inst="t18900728-name-217" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE WHITEHORN</persName> </hi>. I let lodgings at 73, Malvern Road, Kilburn—the prisoner lived in the ground floor front, unfurnished—on 5th July I had £20 10s. from the Prudential Insurance Company—I put it in a tin box in the kitchen, as I was going to a funeral—there was bird-seed in the box—when I came back I took the box upstairs to the first floor, and took out £6 10s. to pay the office for the funeral—I put the box on the centre table, and about 10.50 that night I took another sovereign out, and left the box on the table with the remainder of the money in it; I was sleeping in the room—I did not see the box again till 4 a.m.—I was not in the room all the time; I was away from 11.30 to 12.10, and part of the time the prisoner was in the room with me downstairs talking—I woke up to draw the blind up, and saw the box was not on the table; it had been removed behind a curtain, and the money was gone—the box must have been taken out on to the landing, because there was a great quantity of bird-seed there, and also downstairs, and on the mat, and in the prisoner's room;—I saw the prisoner last about 12 p.m.—she had given me no notice to leave, but she left, leaving her door wide open—when I missed the money and did not see her, I gave information to the police—she left a bag behind and two chairs and a table—I gave her no money on 5th July.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You were talking to me in the kitchen, at 11.45, and you went up and shut the door.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. She went out of the house, and came back into the kitchen—she could have got into my room about twelve, or ten minutes past, from out of doors—5 was in the kitchen an hour—she shut the kitchen door about 12.10—I went upstairs about 12.25—when I went up I did not notice that the box had been removed; I did not go to sleep—s