<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t18890729-name-1">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, July 29th, 1889, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-2" type="surname" value="WHITEHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-2" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WHITEHEAD</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-3" type="surname" value="WILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-3" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED WILLS</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-4" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-4" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-5" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-5" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q. C., Recorder of the City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-6" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-6" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID EVANS</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-7" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-7" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-8" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-8" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT TYLER</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH RENALS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">WALTER HY. WILKIN</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE FAUDEL PHILLIPS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-9" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-9" type="given" value="HORATIO"/>HORATIO DAVIES</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN VOCE MOORE</hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-10" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-10" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q. C., D. C. L., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-11" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-11" type="given" value="EDWARD JAMES"/>EDWARD JAMES GRAY</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-12" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-12" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK KYNASTON METCALFE</hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-13" type="surname" value="HALSE"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-13" type="given" value="CLARENCE RICHARD"/>CLARENCE RICHARD HALSE</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHITEHEAD, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-603-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-603-18890729" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-603-18890729" type="surname" value="KIRKBY"/>
<interp inst="def1-603-18890729" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES KIRKBY</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-603-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-603-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-603-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing an overcoat, the property of
<persName id="t18890729-name-15" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-15" type="surname" value="NOTCOT"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-603-offence-1 t18890729-name-15"/>Alfred Notcot</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, receiving me same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TORR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-16" type="witnessName">
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<interp inst="t18890729-name-16" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED NOTCOT</persName> </hi>. I am a commercial traveller, living at 83, Finsbury Park Road—the prisoner boarded and lodged with us from June 5th to the day he was arrested, 26th June, I believe—on the day he was arrested Sergeant Lythel spoke to me—my son's overcoat had been missed from about 6th June, just after the prisoner came to lodge with us—on more than one occasion my son asked the prisoner what he had done with the coat, and the prisoner said, "I left it at Messrs. Gardiner's, Upper Street, Islington; I nave bought a suit of clothes, and it will be returned with the suit of clothes that I have bought there; I asked your wife whether I might take it as it was likely to be a wet day"—nothing came from Gardiner's—he expressed his surprise the things had not arrived—the coat was not returned—I have since seen it at the pawnbroker's—it was worth about £2, I should think.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> The coat was missed about the 6th or 8th, I believe; my wife told me on one of those days that she had lent you the coat—she lent it on the distinct understanding that it was to be returned—this pawn-ticket relates to the coat—you did not tell me you had pawned it; you told me it was at Gardiner's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-17" type="surname" value="NAUMANN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-17" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS NAUMANN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Pockett, pawnbroker, 116, City Road—this pawn-ticket relates to this overcoat, pawned on 15th June by the prisoner, who gave the name of James Kirkby—Mr. Notcot has identified it as his son's property—we took it for granted the coat was his own.</p>
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<interp inst="t18890729-name-18" type="surname" value="LYTHEL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-18" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL LYTHEL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I saw the prisoner in custody at Moor Lane station on 24th June—another officer found this ticket on him in my presence—he was charged on a warrant issued from Guildhall about the 16th, relating to other matters—he said nothing about the overcoat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defence, said the coat was lent to him; that he left it at Gardiner's and then pawned it, intending to redeem it.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-603-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-603-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-603-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in August</hi>, 1887.
<hi rend="italic">There were other indictments for similar offences against the Prisoner</hi>,—
<hi rend="italic">
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<interp inst="t18890729-603-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-603-18890729 t18890729-603-punishment-1"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HENRY LAWS</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-604-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-604-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
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<rs id="t18890729-604-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
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<interp inst="t18890729-604-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a post letter containing four postal orders, the property of the
<persName id="t18890729-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-604-offence-1 t18890729-name-20"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-604-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-604-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-604-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-604-18890729 t18890729-604-punishment-2"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-605-18890729" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-605-18890729" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="def1-605-18890729" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM OLIVER</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-605-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-605-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-605-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to two indictments for stealing post parcels containing two florins, one shilling, and a purse, and a gold watch, the property of the
<persName id="t18890729-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-22" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-605-offence-1 t18890729-name-22"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, he being employed under the Post Office.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-605-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-605-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-605-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-605-18890729 t18890729-605-punishment-3"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude on each indictment, the two sentences to run concurrently.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18890729-605-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-605-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-605-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">July</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-606-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-606-18890729" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-606-18890729" type="surname" value="STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-606-18890729" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE STANLEY</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-606-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-606-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-606-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-606-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-606-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-606-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>** to feloniously uttering counterfeit coin after a conviction of a like felony in October, 1883.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-606-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-606-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-606-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-606-18890729 t18890729-606-punishment-4"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-607-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-607-18890729" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-607-18890729" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-607-18890729" type="surname" value="COKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-607-18890729" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY COKER</hi> (39)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-607-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-607-18890729" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-607-18890729" type="surname" value="COKER"/>
<interp inst="def2-607-18890729" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN COKER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18890729-607-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-607-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-607-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering two counterfeit sovereigns, knowing them to be counterfeit.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY COKER</hi>
<rs id="t18890729-607-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-607-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-607-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">she received a good character</hi>).—</rs>
<rs id="t18890729-607-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-607-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-607-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-607-18890729 t18890729-607-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs>Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence against</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN COKER</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-607-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-607-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-607-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-608-18890729" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-608-18890729" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-608-18890729" type="surname" value="GOUGH"/>
<interp inst="def1-608-18890729" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE GOUGH</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-608-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-608-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-608-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice within ten days.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILMOT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18890729-name-27" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-27" type="surname" value="ROOTS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-27" type="given" value="EUTRECHIA"/>EUTRECHIA ROOTS</persName> </hi>. I live in Artillery Road, Westminster—on Sunday, 14th July, I was out selling newspapers—the prisoner asked me for a
<hi rend="italic">Lloyd's</hi> paper, and gave me a shilling; the price was 1d.—I had not got change, and went to Mr. Harris, the greengrocer's shop—he was standing outside, and I asked him to change the shilling; the prisoner stood about a foot off—he said it was bad, and said, "Who gave you this shilling?"—I said, "This lady!" and then said to her, "You are the person who gave my father a shilling"—Mr. Harris gave her in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-28" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-28" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a greengrocer, of 36, Strutton Ground—on July 13th I was standing at my shop door, and the little girl came up to me and tendered me a shilling—I saw that it was bad and caught hold of the prisoner, who was about 3 feet off, and said, "I want you; it is the second attempt"—she made no answer, and I gave her in charge with the shilling—this is it—she had been to my shop on the evening of July 5th for half-a pound of cherries, price 2d., and gave my father a bad shilling—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290005"/>
<p>handed it to me and said, "Your sight is better than mine, look at that shilling"—I said, "It is bad"—I said to the prisoner, "This is bad; have you any more?"—she said nothing, but took out her purse and let me look in it—I said, "Where did you get it?"—she said, "I took a man home with me in the afternoon, and he gave it to me in my room"—she paid me with the good shilling which she had in her purse—I put the other coin in a rather slow fire two or three days afterwards, and it melted and ran through—I recognised the prisoner again on the 14th, when the girl offered me the shilling—I have seen her in the shop for two years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-29" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-29" type="surname" value="ANWYL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-29" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH ANWYL</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps a provision shop at 4, Greycoat Place, Westminster—on 11th July, between 1 and 2 o'clock in the day, prisoner came in and asked for four eggs for 3d., and gave me a bad shilling—I held it up and said, "Have you got any more like this?"—she said, "No"—I said, "I have been looking out for somebody who has been passing them on my daughter"—she said that she got it in the Park—I asked her if she had any more; she said she had a good shilling in her purse, which she gave me, and I gave her 9d. change—I broke the bad shilling, these are the pieces (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), and she left the shop—the prisoner is the woman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-30" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-30" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ELLIOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A R</hi> 51). I was called—Mr. Harris was holding the prisoner, and said, "I give this woman in custody for uttering a bad shilling, "giving me the shilling; she made no reply—on the 17th Mrs. Anwyl gave me these broken pieces—two shillings, a sixpence, and a farthing were produced by the female searcher, who said she found them on the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I said, "Come along"—there was a great crowd, and I got you away as quick as possible; it is a low neighbourhood.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-31" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-31" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to H. M. Mint—this shilling is counterfeit, and so are these fragments, but I cannot say whether they are from the same mould—the money in the prisoner's purse was good—a coin melting in a low fire is evidence of its being counterfeit.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I got them in the Park; I have my living to get; I have to keep myself and my husband by prostitution. "</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-608-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-608-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-608-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-608-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-608-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-608-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-608-18890729 t18890729-608-punishment-6"/>Ten Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-609">
<interp inst="t18890729-609" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-609" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-609-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-609-18890729 t18890729-609-offence-1 t18890729-609-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-609-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-609-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-609-18890729" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-609-18890729" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-609-18890729" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH GREEN</hi> (61)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-609-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-609-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-609-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his possession, with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILMOT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-33" type="surname" value="BATCHELOR"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-33" type="given" value="GEORGE FREDERICK"/>GEORGE FREDERICK BATCHELOR</persName> </hi>. I am an attendant at the Hackney Union Infirmary—the prisoner was a patient there on 28th June—it is the practice to examine the clothes of persons ordered to the infirmary, and I found in the prisoner's trousers pocket 8s. 5 1/2 d. in good money and eight bad shillings and four bad threepenny-pieces, all in a tin box in his trousers pocket, good and bad together—I said, "Do you know these are counterfeit coins?"—he said, "Yes, I found them in Victoria Park," and later on he said, "I took them for change in Kingsland Road"—I handed them to Mr. Jeffrey.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-34" type="surname" value="JEFFREY"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-34" type="given" value="WILLIAM RICHARD"/>WILLIAM RICHARD JEFFREY</persName> </hi>. I am steward at the Hackney Union Infirmary—on 29th June Batchelor handed me 8s. and four threepenny-pieces—I took them to the prisoner's bedside, about 11. 30 a. m., and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290006"/>
<p>asked him if they were his; he said he had had them by him for some time—I communicated with the police—I handed all the money to the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-35" type="surname" value="CHICKLEDAY"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-35" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CHICKLEDAY</persName> </hi>. On 29th June I was a patient at the Hackney Union Infirmary, and saw Mr. Batchelor trying some money—next day I saw the prisoner on his bed playing with a chain with a threepenny bit attached to it—I said, "This threepenny bit is bad"—he said, "Yes, I know it is"—I said, "Have you passed any bad money?"—he said, "Yes, mostly small money, because the large money is so difficult to get rid of"—I said, "Where do you mostly pass it?"—he said, "In Long Acre"—he said he gave 1s. 10d. for a lot of them—here is a hole through the one where it was attached to his chain—there was a piece of skin among his things—I asked him what it was for—he said it was to brighten the coins with—we searched the bed, but could not find the skin; he would not let me have it, but he let me have the box.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-36" type="surname" value="MONK"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-36" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MONK</persName> </hi>. On 29th June I was an inmate of Hackney Union Infirmary, and was with Chickleday by the prisoner's bed, and saw him playing with a watch-chain with a threepenny-piece attached to the end of it—I asked him if it was good; he said, "No; it is one I have left out of four; I changed three of them in Long Acre, as they are much easier to change than large money; I can buy them at 1d. each"—I picked a piece of skin out of the tin and said, "What is this?"—he said, "It is what they brighten up the silver with."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-37" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-37" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I took the prisoner in the infirmary on 29th June, and Jeffrey handed me two half-crowns, three shillings, and 5 1/2 d. in bronze, all good money, and eight counterfeit shillings and four counterfeit threepenny-pieces—he said, "I found the coins in Cambridge Heath Road; I knew they were bad; I have not tried to dispose of them"—I was told he was hard of hearing, and I spoke loud—I took him to the station, where he was charged, and made a similar statement—I received these coins from Jeffrey.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-38" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-38" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These eight shillings and four threepenny-pieces are bad, and from different moulds—this threepenny-piece with a hole in it is bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I knew they were bad, and they took them from me. I have been walking the streets ever since Christmas, and managed to get enough for a night's lodging about once a month.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-609-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-609-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-609-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-610">
<interp inst="t18890729-610" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-610" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-610-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-610-18890729 t18890729-610-offence-1 t18890729-610-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-610-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-610-18890729 t18890729-610-offence-2 t18890729-610-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-610-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-610-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-610-18890729" type="surname" value="SALTWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-610-18890729" type="given" value="GEORGE FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE FREDERICK SALTWELL</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18890729-610-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-610-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-610-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-610-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-610-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-610-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously forging and uttering an order for £398 13s. 9d., with intent to defraud.</rs>
<rs id="t18890729-610-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-610-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-610-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>
<hi rend="italic">Also</hi> to stealing a cheque of
<persName id="t18890729-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-40" type="surname" value="O'HAGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-40" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-610-offence-2 t18890729-name-40"/>Arthur O'Hagan</persName>, his master</rs>.—
<rs id="t18890729-610-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-610-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-610-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-610-18890729 t18890729-610-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> And.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18890729-611" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-611" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-611-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-611-18890729 t18890729-611-offence-1 t18890729-611-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-611-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-611-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-611-18890729" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-611-18890729" type="surname" value="PROLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-611-18890729" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PROLE</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-611-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-611-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-611-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18890729-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-42" type="surname" value="PRIOR"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-42" type="given" value="ROSE EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-611-offence-1 t18890729-name-42"/>Rose Emily Prior</persName>, his wife being then alive.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-611-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-611-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-611-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-611-18890729 t18890729-611-punishment-8"/>Two Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18890729-611-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-611-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-611-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18890729-612" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-612" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-612-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-612-18890729 t18890729-612-offence-1 t18890729-612-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-612-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-612-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-612-18890729" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-612-18890729" type="surname" value="NARDELLI"/>
<interp inst="def1-612-18890729" type="given" value="VINCENT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VINCENT NARDELLI</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-612-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-612-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-612-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Carnally knowing
<persName id="t18890729-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-44" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-44" type="surname" value="DE FRANE"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-44" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-612-offence-1 t18890729-name-44"/>Sarah de Frane</persName>, a girl under the age of 16.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AUSTIN METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAUL TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-612-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-612-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-612-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-613">
<interp inst="t18890729-613" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-613" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-613-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-613-18890729 t18890729-613-offence-1 t18890729-613-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290007"/>
<persName id="def1-613-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-613-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-613-18890729" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-613-18890729" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-613-18890729" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILSON</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-613-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-613-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-613-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18890729-name-46" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-46" type="surname" value="RYLANDS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-46" type="given" value="LOUIS GORDON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-613-offence-1 t18890729-name-46"/>Louis Gordon Rylands</persName>, and stealing five bank notes, a hat, and other articles.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAUL TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-47" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-47" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PHILLIPS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 398). On the 9th June, about 2 in the morning, I was with two others in a boat on duty, patrolling the river between Kingston Bridge and Teddington Lock—we got on me lawn of Mr. Tatham at Hampton Wick—I saw the prisoner on the lawn advancing towards me—I said, "What are you doing here?"—he said, "I have lost my way"—he ran across the lawn—I followed him, and called on the other constables, Bowling and Seymour, to follow, Seymour blowing his whistle—half-way across the lawn the prisoner fell down, I fell down also—he got up again, and ran round the house, got over the stable gates into the main road—in getting over I caught hold of his leg, but failed to hold him—he got into the road and went on towards Hampton Wick for about 200 yards, and then turned into the gates of a gentleman's house—he then jumped over another fence into some allotment grounds—I followed close behind him, and secured him—the other constables came up and assisted me—he was taken to the station and charged as a suspected person.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-48" type="surname" value="BOWLING"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-48" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN BOWLING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 154). I was with the other constables—I saw the prisoner on the lawn—he ran away, and we followed him, and arrested him in the allotment grounds—I saw him put his hand towards his pocket—I asked him to give me the revolver—he said, "I have no revolver"—I took out of his pocket these two knives, and asked him what made him run—he said, "Enough to make one run, with three or four after me"—he was wearing this hat at the time—the name of Bowen is inside it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-49" type="surname" value="SEYMOUR"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-49" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SEYMOUR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 350). I was with the other officers—I saw the prisoner on the lawn; we chased him—I searched him at the station, and found on him, among other things, these two boxes of matches, this pocket knife, a pouch containing tobacco, a reel of cotton, and this candle, secreted in his right tail-coat pocket, and this hat on his head.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-50" type="surname" value="RYLANDS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-50" type="given" value="LOUIS GORDON"/>LOUIS GORDON RYLANDS</persName> </hi>. I am a gentleman, living at Vale House, Strawberry Vale, Twickenham—my grounds slope down to the river—about half-past two in the morning of 21st May I was awoke by a noise; I listened for some time, and eventually went downstairs, accompanied by my wife and the cook—I found in the dining-room the sideboard cupboards all taken out, and the plate laid on the top—I missed a cash-box containing about £26, consisting of five £5 notes and a few coins—that cash-box was eventually found in the summerhouse at the end of the lawn; it had been forced open, and the money gone—I also missed a small leather box containing keys, that was always kept on the side board; that was found in the garden concealed behind a flower-pot—I also missed a grey felt hat from the sideboard, and this brown hat was left in its place; the grey hat was afterwards found on the prisoner; I identified it after his capture at Teddington Police-station—I identify it by the colour and tie colour of the band; it is absolutely identical with mine, besides there had been a name printed in gilt, and there are marks where the letters have been erased—Bowen was one name and Flexible another—Bowen was the name of the shopkeeper where I bought it—I have no doubt whatever that it is my hat.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290008"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I cannot say what the letters were that are not here now—I have another hat which also contains the word "Flexible."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-51" type="surname" value="BURDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-51" type="given" value="LILLY"/>LILLY BURDEN</persName> </hi>. I am housemaid in Mr. Rylands's service—on the morning of 21st May I was awoke by a noise and hearing Mr. Rylands whistle—I went on the landing and waited there—I did not go down—the night before I saw this hat on the dining-room table, and I laid it on the sideboard—I fastened up the house safely the night before—I have frequently seen this hat, and have no doubt about it—I recognise it by the colour and the marks on it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, denied all knowledge of the robbery, and stated that he found the hat on the banks of the Thames, and that the brown hat left in the house was too large for him, and did not belong to him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-613-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-613-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-613-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-614">
<interp inst="t18890729-614" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-614" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-614-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-614-18890729 t18890729-614-offence-1 t18890729-614-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-614-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-614-18890729 t18890729-614-offence-1 t18890729-614-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-614-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-614-18890729 t18890729-614-offence-2 t18890729-614-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-614-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-614-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-614-18890729" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def1-614-18890729" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-614-18890729" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MARTIN</hi> (14)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-614-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-614-18890729" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-614-18890729" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def2-614-18890729" type="given" value="LILIAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LILIAN MARTIN</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t18890729-614-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-614-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-614-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Feloniously forging and uttering an order for £5, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MARTIN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-614-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-614-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-614-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18890729-614-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-614-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-614-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>also to another indictment for a like offence.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-614-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-614-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-614-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-614-18890729 t18890729-614-punishment-9"/>Discharged on Recognisances.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18890729-614-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-614-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-614-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>No evidence was offered against Lilian Martin.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-615">
<interp inst="t18890729-615" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-615" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-615-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-615-18890729 t18890729-615-offence-1 t18890729-615-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-615-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-615-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-615-18890729" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-615-18890729" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-615-18890729" type="given" value="ERNEST JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST JOHN WRIGHT</hi> (56), alias
<rs id="t18890729-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-615-18890729 t18890729-alias-1"/>W. S.
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHIPLEY</hi> </rs> </persName>
<rs id="t18890729-615-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-615-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-615-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining goods by false pretences from
<persName id="t18890729-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-55" type="surname" value="LESSINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-55" type="given" value="HENRY WOOLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-615-offence-1 t18890729-name-55"/>Henry Wooley Lessingham</persName> and
<persName id="t18890729-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-56" type="surname" value="SHOOLBRED"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-56" type="given" value="FREDERICK THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-615-offence-1 t18890729-name-56"/>Frederick Thomas Shoolbred</persName>, with intent to defraud.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, for obtaining and incurring a debt and liability.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">applied to quash the indictment upon the ground that thirteen offences were charged in each of two Counts, which was calculated to embarrass the prisoner in his defence.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">contended that as it was a case where false pretences had been once made, in consequence of which goods were obtained subsequently on different dates, the offence was complete at one and the same time, and all goods so obtained could be charged in one Count.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">pointed out that the offence was not complete till the goods were obtained.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that the prisoner should be tried on the first and second Counts.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-57" type="surname" value="LESSINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-57" type="given" value="HENRY WOOLEY"/>HENRY WOOLEY LESSINGHAM</persName> </hi>. I am head of the correspondence department at Messrs. Shoolbred's—letters are opened in the morning by ledger clerks, then passed to me to distribute in the different departments—I read letters, and if in my opinion the orders should be executed I mark the letters for execution, and they are sent to the different departments—this letter of 22nd April came into my hand in the course of post on 23rd April (
<hi rend="italic">It was dated from Ingrave, Brentwood: and ordered a yard of lining material, notepaper and envelopes, and other goods to be sent to the Rev. J. Wright, and stated that he had been recommended by an old customer of Messrs Shoolbred, Rev. W. S. Shipley</hi>)—I marked that letter for execution after reading it—I recognised the name of Shipley as that of a customer whom we had known previously—I executed the order on account of his giving as recommendation a customer against whom I knew nothing—I received this post-card on 1st May—(
<hi rend="italic">This was dated from Ingrave, and gave the width of a bodice collar which was omitted from that day's letter</hi>)—I had prior to that received the letter which is referred to—I received this letter of May 4th—(
<hi rend="italic">This was dated from Ingrave, and referred to certain articles, some of which were returned, others retained, and others required</hi>)—the orders given</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290009"/>
<p>were marked for execution and executed—(
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">put in other letters from the prisoner referring to other goods</hi>)—I was never informed who Mr. Shipley was—I never saw the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> For the purpose of this case I was Messrs. Shoolbred and Co.—no other person's mind was operated on—I just mark the letters—we have 2,000 or 3,000 letters every morning—about 1,500 or 2,000 pass before me—I have not a nice appreciation of each letter—the amount of the order was about 3s.—I should not consider it as particularly as I should a large one—I remembered the name of Shipley as that of a person against whom I knew nothing, so I supplied these three shillings' worth of goods—we cannot number our London customers—the whole value of the articles supplied to the prisoner was 15s. or 16s.; I think they were articles of small value; a good many of them were for women's and children's dress—after the first 3s. order I knew I had signed an order, and I signed others—I knew the name again when I saw it—I made no inquiry as to Shipley till the goods had been supplied and began to mount up—I am the only person to whom the false pretences were made, and no other persons belonging to the firm had the matter before them—the goods would be supplied on my mark, which was the only thing that would operate on their minds.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-58" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-58" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am one of the principal clerks in the counting-house of Shoolbred and Co.—I received this letter of 1st October, 1886—(
<hi rend="italic">This, from the Rev. W. S. Shipley, asked for estimates of linen, knives, forks, spoons, and other goods, on hire or on purchase, and stated that the goods were wanted for a furnished country house, taken for two years; that if purchased they would he paid for by quarterly instalments; that good references could he given, and that Mr. Shipley had had dealings with Messrs. Shoolbred for several years about four years previously, and which had been fully paid for</hi>)—we did not carry out that order—on 4th June this year some correspondence was put before me, and in consequence I caused this letter to be written to Rev. J. Wright, Ingrave—(
<hi rend="italic">This stated that as they did not appear to have had his previous patronage, they should prefer him to remit for the goods already supplied, and to provide them with an introduction in future business; that he had referred previously to Mr. Shipley, but had not given his address</hi>)—I received this letter of 5th June in reply—(
<hi rend="italic">This stated that in future Mr. Wright would prefer to pay his account at the end of each month; that he believed Mr. Shipley was travelling on the Continent with private pupils; that he had sent part of their price list to a clergyman who was furnishing a rectory</hi>)—I received another long letter on 7th June—on 14th I went down with Mr. Harrison, a salesman, to Ingrave, Brentwood, Essex—the prisoner was living at the post office kept by Mrs. Wood—I knocked at the door, the prisoner opened it—I said to him, "The Rev. Mr. Wright?"—he said, "Yes; step in"—I and Mr. Harrison went in—I said, "I have come with regard to a letter of yours of 5th June, and wish to draw your attention to certain items for which we have not given you credit"—he said, "Thank you; was it not a pity to come so far when a letter would have done?"—I replied I had not merely come on that business; that he had been kind enough to give us a further order for a coat and vest, which I had taken the liberty of bringing down with me in order to try on—he said, "Have you them with you? then if you will allow me I will take them upstairs and try them on"—he took them out of the room, came back with them on, and I suggested certain altera
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290010"/>
<p>—I produced an account I had taken with me, containing the full items—I showed it to him, and I said that if he would be kind enough to go through the account by the items, I should be able, as I had his letters with me, to examine with him any article or item to which he would like to draw my attention—I had several letters with me which have been read to-day—I produced several of them as he went through the account, referring to items and taking exception to them—in the course of conversation he said, "I was recommended to your house by Mr. Shipley, who told me he had done large business with your house, and spent a great deal of money there, and spoke very well of your house, and said 'You can get everything there'"—I said, "Yes; in one of your letters I noticed you referred to Mr. Shipley, but we were unable to take any notice of the reference because you did not give his address"—he said, "No; for the reason I gave you, that I don't know the gentleman's address; I believe him to be travelling on the Continent with two pupils "; and he said he did not know whether he would have the privilege of giving his address, for it was only in an incidental conversation it had arisen—the amount of the invoice is £16 9s. 6d.—no portion of it has ever been paid.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not ask directly for it—I said, "What do you propose to do with regard to it? Will you give me the amount now?"—he said, "No; I cannot give you the amount now; I propose paying my bills monthly, as I said in my letter"—I suppose my politeness was sarcasm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-59" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-59" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HARRISON</persName> </hi>. I am a salesman in the dress department of Messrs. Shoolbred and Co.—between two and three years ago I was in the service of Messrs. Hellas and Co., of Reading—during that time we had a customer of the name of Rev. W. S. Shipley, whom we supplied with goods—the prisoner is he—I went with Mr. Taylor on 4th June to Ingrave, and saw him, and I heard all that then took place.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. WOODS</hi>. I keep the post office at Ingrave—the prisoner took a sitting-room and bedroom furnished on my ground floor in January at 7s. 6d. a week—he gave the name of the Rev. J. Wright—he had his wife and two children there—he remained till he was arrested on a warrant.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-60" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-60" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN MORGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant D</hi>). I received a warrant from Bow Street for the prisoner's arrest; and about six o'clock on the 8th June I took him into custody, at the post office, Ingrave—I read the warrant to him; he made no reply—I took him to the Tottenham Court Road Police-station, where he was charged on the warrant; he made no reply—as we were walking into Brentwood from Ingrave (they are three miles apart) with another officer, the prisoner said, "I have had several transactions with Messrs. Shoolbred in years past when I was in better circumstances, and I wonder they did not recollect the handwriting of the letters"—I said to him, "Well, I don't know, but I believe this case came about in that way; that one of the ledger clerks noticed a similarity in the handwriting and drew attention to it"—the prisoner said, "Oh, I did not attempt to disguise my handwriting"—I said, "No; I don't suggest you did"—the prisoner said, "No; there was no attempt to disguise"—in the course of other conversation the prisoner said, "Shool-red's people called on me recently and brought a coat and vest which I fitted on; they went through the account with me, and asked me if I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290011"/>
<p>could give them a cheque now; I said, 'No; but I will pay so much a month'; they asked if they might leave the coat and vest, and I said, 'No, not until I have paid this account'; when I obtained the goods from Shoolbred's, I had no intention to defraud, and I believe that if I had had the money to pay when they called, these proceedings would not have been taken. I can see where I have done wrong; it was writing in the name of Wright, and stating that I had been recommended by Mr. Shipley"—when we were walking into Brentwood, Superintendent Dobson asked him some questions, and prisoner said, "I must be careful what I tell you, as it might be used in evidence against me"—I did not say to him, "What you say here does not make any difference," nor did I hear the other man say it—he said something about the lady he was living with—I found some letters on him, and a number of advertisements.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not mention this conversation at the Police-court on 19th June—I was not fully examined—Mr. Humphreys conducted the prosecution, and I then only gave evidence to justify a remand.</p>
<rs id="t18890729-615-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-615-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-615-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on first and second Counts.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic"> He then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of obtaining goods by false pretences at Reading in January</hi>, 1887.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-615-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-615-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-615-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-615-18890729 t18890729-615-punishment-10"/>Two Days' on the first,</rs> and
<rs id="t18890729-615-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-615-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-615-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-615-18890729 t18890729-615-punishment-11"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour on the second Count</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18890729-616" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-616" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-616-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-616-18890729 t18890729-616-offence-1 t18890729-616-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-616-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-616-18890729 t18890729-616-offence-2 t18890729-616-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-616-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-616-18890729 t18890729-616-offence-3 t18890729-616-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-616-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-616-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-616-18890729" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-616-18890729" type="surname" value="RENTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-616-18890729" type="given" value="AMHERST RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AMHERST RICHARD RENTON</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-616-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-616-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-616-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-616-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-616-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-616-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>** to unlawfully obtaining goods from
<persName id="t18890729-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-62" type="surname" value="GRAINGER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-62" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-616-offence-1 t18890729-name-62"/>John Grainger</persName>, after a conviction at Southampton in July, 1885;</rs>
<rs id="t18890729-616-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-616-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-616-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a cheque-book, the property of
<persName id="t18890729-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-63" type="surname" value="HOLLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-63" type="given" value="MARK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-616-offence-2 t18890729-name-63"/>Mark Holland</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t18890729-616-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-616-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-616-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>also to two indictments for forging and uttering orders for £4 4s. and £1 10s., with intent to defraud.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-616-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-616-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-616-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-616-18890729 t18890729-616-punishment-12"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-617">
<interp inst="t18890729-617" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-617" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-617-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-617-18890729 t18890729-617-offence-1 t18890729-617-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-617-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-617-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-617-18890729" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-617-18890729" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-617-18890729" type="given" value="JOB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOB JONES</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-617-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-617-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-617-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, To feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18890729-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-65" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-65" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-65" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-617-offence-1 t18890729-name-65"/>Sarah Hall</persName>, his wife being alive.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-617-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-617-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-617-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-617-18890729 t18890729-617-punishment-13"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude, having been previously convicted of Bigamy.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18890729-617-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-617-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-617-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Wills.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-618">
<interp inst="t18890729-618" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-618" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-618-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-618-18890729 t18890729-618-offence-1 t18890729-618-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-618-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-618-18890729" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-618-18890729" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-618-18890729" type="surname" value="DONOVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-618-18890729" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN DONOVAN</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-618-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-618-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-618-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> was charged on the Coroner's Inquisition only with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18890729-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-67" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-67" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-67" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-618-offence-1 t18890729-name-67"/>Mary Ann Gray</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-618-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-618-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-618-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-619">
<interp inst="t18890729-619" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-619" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-619-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-619-18890729 t18890729-619-offence-1 t18890729-619-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-619-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-619-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-619-18890729" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-619-18890729" type="surname" value="SPRIGGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-619-18890729" type="given" value="PHILIP PERCY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILIP PERCY SPRIGGS</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-619-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-619-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-619-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t18890729-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-69" type="surname" value="LEYS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-619-offence-1 t18890729-name-69"/>William Leys</persName>, with intent to maim and to disable, and to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-70" type="surname" value="WELCH"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-70" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WELCH</persName> </hi>. I am in charge of a telegraph office belonging to the Midland Railway Company, near Child's Hill Station, Hendon—about three o'clock in the morning of 12th July William Leys, who was in the service of the company, brought the prisoner to my office—he left the prisoner there and went out—in about three minutes the prisoner took a pistol from his left waistcoat pocket—I asked him if it was loaded, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290012"/>
<p>he immediately fired at me—I saw he could not work the second chamber, and I saw my chance and escaped out of the office—he was seven or eight feet from me when he fired—he missed me—I had not gone above fifteen or sixteen feet when I heard a second report; again I was missed—the first barrel was loaded with a bullet—I heard it strike the side of the office and then enter the ceiling—it fell, and was picked up after wards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-71" type="surname" value="LEYS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-71" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEYS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Midland Railway Policeman</hi>). About three in the morning of 12th July I was on duty at the Brent Siding, close to Child's Hill Station—I saw the prisoner about thirty yards off running in the direction of a shunting engine that was at work—I ran and got between him and the engine, shouted to him, and prevented him from getting to it—he was about two yards from the engine when I intercepted him—the engine was moving at the time—he turned and ran away—I ran after him, and caught him, and asked him what he was doing on the railway—he made no reply, but again moved towards where the engine was—I said, "There is no thoroughfare that way"—he said he knew his way, and wanted to go down among the engines—I said, "You must come this way, along with me;" and after a struggle I got him to the telegraph office—I took his name and address, "Philip Percy Spriggs, 5, Featherstone Buildings, Holborn"—I asked what he was; he said he was a solicitor's clerk, to Bannister, Williams and Ram, of John Street, Bedford Row—I did not observe anything peculiar in his demeanour—I asked him what account he had to give for being on the railway—he made no reply—I quietly told the clerk to keep an eye upon him, at the same time telling the prisoner to sit down to have a rest—when I saw him trying to get to the engine I thought he was trying to commit suicide—I left the prisoner in the telegraph office, and when I had got about seven or eight yards away I heard a report of firearms—I turned round and saw Welch running out at the door; I saw smoke, and I heard the report of another shot—the prisoner was not pursuing Welch, he was sitting down in the office when he fired the second shot—I ran to the office door—the prisoner had then shut the door—I looked in at the window, and saw him sitting in front of the door with the revolver in both hands, pointing it directly at the door—I went towards him, sprang upon him, and seized the revolver by the muzzle; he had hold of the back—he shouted to me to let go the revolver or he would shoot me, and I shouted to him to let it go—he struggled hard, and tried to turn the revolver towards me—I had great difficulty in holding it down—he fired, and the bullet went right between my legs through the flooring—during the struggle he got the trigger up again—I called for assistance, and Thurlow came and took the revolver from him; this is it—two spent bullets were afterwards found, one on the floor, the other was underneath the flooring—he was searched at the station—this strap was found round his body—five cartridges were found loose in his pocket; they fit the revolver—I fired two shots out of the revolver into the fields—while doing that he pulled this large sheath knife out of his pocket, and Thurlow knocked it out of his hand before he could use it; his initials are on it—I then saw him put his hand into his outside coat pocket—I seized his hand, and found this razor in his pocket.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> When did the shot go off?
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> During the struggle in trying to get the revolver from you.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290013"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-72" type="surname" value="DONALDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-72" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DONALDSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant on the Midland Railway</hi>). I was called by Leys to the telegraph office, and found the prisoner there—I asked him his name; he gave it—I said, "Are you aware what you have been doing?"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "Do you know that?" (
<hi rend="italic">the revolver</hi>)—he said, "Yes; it is mine; I bought it in High Holborn"—I said, "What did you intend doing with it?"—he said, "I intended to shoot somebody, and to shoot myself afterwards; but I did not intend to shoot you"—I said, "Do you know the knife?"—he said, "Yes; that is mine, I bought it"—I said, "Do you know these initials on it?"—he said, "Yes; they are my initials"—I said, "What did you intend to do with this if the revolver did not act?"—he said, "I intended using it"—I showed him the razor, and asked if he knew that—he said, "There's nothing in that; that is no good at all"—I said, "I shall hand you in charge to the police"—he said, "You may as well give me some poison and have done with it at once"—I handed him over to the constable—he was perfectly sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-73" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-73" type="given" value="PHILIP FRANCIS"/>PHILIP FRANCIS GILBERT</persName> </hi>. I am medical officer of Holloway Prison—the prisoner came there on the afternoon of 12th July—I saw him on the morning of the 13th—I examined him frequently as to his mental condition—he is insane—he was undoubtedly insane on the 12th, and had been for some time—he was intensely dejected, as he is now—he is subject to delusions, that people are following him about to put him away, and persisted in it while in prison—he is a sober man—it has arisen from onanism.</p>
<rs id="t18890729-619-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-619-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-619-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="insane"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the act, but insane at the time.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-619-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-619-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-619-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-619-18890729 t18890729-619-punishment-14"/>To be detained until Her Majesty's pleasure be known</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-620">
<interp inst="t18890729-620" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-620" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-620-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-620-18890729 t18890729-620-offence-1 t18890729-620-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-620-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-620-18890729 t18890729-620-offence-1 t18890729-620-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-620-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-620-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-620-18890729" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-620-18890729" type="surname" value="CAHILL"/>
<interp inst="def1-620-18890729" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CAHILL</hi> (26)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-620-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-620-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-620-18890729" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-620-18890729" type="surname" value="MCCORMACK"/>
<interp inst="def2-620-18890729" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES McCORMACK</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-620-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-620-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-620-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Feloniously demanding money, with menaces, of
<persName id="t18890729-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-76" type="surname" value="SHIELDS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-76" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-620-offence-1 t18890729-name-76"/>Andrew Shields</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted. The details of this case are unfit for publication.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-620-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-620-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-620-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-620-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-620-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-620-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-620-18890729 t18890729-620-punishment-15"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-620-18890729 t18890729-620-punishment-15"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-621">
<interp inst="t18890729-621" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-621" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-621-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-621-18890729 t18890729-621-offence-1 t18890729-621-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-621-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-621-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-621-18890729" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-621-18890729" type="surname" value="OAKLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-621-18890729" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD OAKLEY</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-621-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-621-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-621-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, B—It—y.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURRELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>
<rs id="t18890729-621-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-621-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-621-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the attempt.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-621-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-621-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-621-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-621-18890729 t18890729-621-punishment-16"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-622">
<interp inst="t18890729-622" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-622" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-622-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-622-18890729 t18890729-622-offence-1 t18890729-622-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-622-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-622-18890729 t18890729-622-offence-2 t18890729-622-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-622-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-622-18890729 t18890729-622-offence-3 t18890729-622-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-622-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-622-18890729" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-622-18890729" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-622-18890729" type="surname" value="WRIGHTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-622-18890729" type="given" value="MARY ADA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ADA WRIGHTON</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-622-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-622-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-622-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously throwing
<persName id="t18890729-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-79" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-79" type="surname" value="WRIGHTON"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-79" type="given" value="AMY MAUD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-622-offence-1 t18890729-name-79"/>Amy Maud Wrighton</persName> into the Thames, with intent to murder her.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-80" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-80" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GREGORY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A</hi> 72). On Wednesday, 17th July, about five minutes past one in the day, I was on duty on the Victoria Embankment—my attention was attracted by hearing something fall over the parapet into the river—I then saw the prisoner take a child from her side and throw it into the river; with that she clambered on to the parapet and threw herself into the water—this happened about fifteen or twenty yards from where I was standing—I at once blew my whistle and rushed to the pier—I saw the bodies of the mother and the two children floating towards the pier—I called for assistance; and with a hook I got the youngest child, aged about two and a half years, out first, and then the eldest one, about eight, and the pier-master rescued the</p>
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<p>woman—she was unconscious—they were all three taken to the Westminster Hospital—there were two other children with the prisoner; they were left on the embankment; they were about five and seven.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Douglas helped in getting the woman out of the water—there were people about.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-81" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-81" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DOUGLAS</persName> </hi>. I am pier-master at Westminster Pier—on 17th July, about one in the day, I noticed a woman fall from the parapet into the river—there was a storm at the time, with thunder and lightning—I got a boat-hook, and succeeding in getting the skirt of her dress, and got her out, and I saw the two children taken out—when I got the woman up into the waiting-room she put her hand to her head, and said, "My poor head!"—the storm had been going on for about a quarter of an hour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-82" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-82" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR HUNT</persName> </hi>. I am senior house-surgeon at Westminster Hospital—on 17th July between one and half-past the prisoner and her two children were brought there—she was is a semi-unconscious state—the children were very wet; beyond that they were pretty lively; they recovered immediately—the prisoner did not answer my questions for at least six or seven hours, and she was not herself for at least thirty-six hours—she appeared very depressed, and complained greatly of her head—she remembered nothing about the matter—she told me she had gone out that morning to get some dinner for her four children, and that she heard a clap of thunder, and then all was dark, and she remembered no more—her manner appeared very strange; she remained under my observation until the following Friday week—she said she had suffered frequently from very severe headaches after having had rheumatic fever several years ago—she seemed a very affectionate mother—I thought from her manner and her statements that she was not accountable for her actions—I don't think she was conscious of what she was doing at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She was in a very delicate condition of health—she is better, and is now perfectly sane—she was on affectionate terms with her husband; we found a letter which proved that—I believe she had had four attacks of rheumatic fever.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I think the nursing of her last child longer than she ought to have done had caused a disturbance of the milk, which might have caused cerebral disturbance—I do not see any reason for a recurrence of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-83" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-83" type="given" value="PHILIP FRANCIS"/>PHILIP FRANCIS GILBERT</persName> </hi>. I am the medical officer of Holloway Prison—the prisoner came in there on the night of 26th June—I saw her on the morning of 28th, the day before yesterday—I have had three long interviews with her, with a view of forming an opinion on her state—she said she was subject to fits, apparently of an epileptic character, up to the time when she was about fifteen; that they then ceased until about three months ago, when she was seized with a fit in the kitchen, in which she lost consciousness, and in which her underlip was bitten, which rather tends to show that it was an epileptic attack—she said that for the last three months she had been extremely depressed, with constant severe headaches, and a feeling as if she could not do the work she ought to do about her house and home—she is in a weak, debilitated state, in my opinion aggravated by prolonged suckling—she said she was very frightened at the thunderstorm that was taking place, and that she let the baby drop and fell down after it, and remembered nothing more—I certainly think, from my examination of her, that she was irresponsible</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290015"/>
<p>for her actions at the time; I should call it the insanity of lactation—I do not think it would recur, especially if she does not suckle any more—the youngest child was with her, and it is with her now—she seems a most devoted mother—she is now perfectly sane; she only requires care and treatment.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I think the oversuckling produced the insanity—the thunder and the electricity in the air would affect a woman in her condition.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-84" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-84" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GREGORY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>). It was the smallest child who first fell into the water—she took the second child from her right side and threw it into the water over the parapet, and threw herself after—the parapet is about three feet six inches high; she put her hands over and men threw her legs—Q. You seem to have said before the Magistrate, "I saw her take the child from her side, and with it she climbed on to the parapet. "
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> "She leaned over when she threw it, she did not stand upon the parapet"—I saw her clamber up with the child and let it fall, and then throw her legs over—she took the child up in her arms, threw it over, and then fell over after it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-85" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-85" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-85" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH BROWN</persName> </hi>. I live in Coburg Road, Old Kent Road—the prisoner is my daughter-in-law—I was living in the same house with her—she has been married eight years, and has four children—she lives on most affectionate terms with her husband—she has always been an affectionate and careful mother in every way—I was ill at this time—the baby was born last November—since then she has complained of great weakness, and also of pains in her head—two or three days before this happened she complained of her head being very bad, and of nasty giddy feelings, and she looked very ill—in January or February last she lost consciousness for a little time—I thought it was a kind of hysterical fit—when she became conscious she said she thought she had drowned her baby; it was quite right in its cradle—she screamed and said, "Oh, my baby! where is my baby?"—she continued to suckle the child up to within a few days before this.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Jury considered that the occurrence might have been accidental, and found the prisoner</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-622-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-622-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-622-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">on this indictment; and also on two others,
<rs id="t18890729-622-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-622-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-622-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>one relating to the other child</rs>, and
<rs id="t18890729-622-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-622-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-622-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>the other for attempting to drown herself.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-623">
<interp inst="t18890729-623" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-623" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-623-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-623-18890729 t18890729-623-offence-1 t18890729-623-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-623-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-623-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-623-18890729" type="age" value="64"/>
<interp inst="def1-623-18890729" type="surname" value="WIGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-623-18890729" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WIGAN</hi> (64)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-623-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-623-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-623-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-623-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-623-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-623-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully obtaining by false pretences a large quantity of books, after a conviction of a like offence at Bristol on 6th February, 1883.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-623-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-623-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-623-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-623-18890729 t18890729-623-punishment-17"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-624">
<interp inst="t18890729-624" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-624" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-624-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-624-18890729 t18890729-624-offence-1 t18890729-624-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-624-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-624-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-624-18890729" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-624-18890729" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="def1-624-18890729" type="given" value="BARTHOLOMEW TITUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BARTHOLOMEW TITUS KEMP</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-624-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-624-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-624-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining £20 from
<persName id="t18890729-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-88" type="surname" value="SOMERVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-88" type="given" value="JOHN ERLAND WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-624-offence-1 t18890729-name-88"/>John Erland William Somerville</persName> by false pretences.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, for obtaining other sums from other persons.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. VINCENT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OVEREND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-89" type="surname" value="SOMERVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-89" type="given" value="JOHN ERLAND WILLIAM"/>JOHN ERLAND WILLIAM SOMERVILLE</persName> </hi>. I am a pensioner from the Royal Artillery, and live at 77, Westdon Road, Stratford—I left the Army on 24th January, 1889—I had a little over £40—at the beginning of this year</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290016"/>
<p>I was looking out for employment, and saw an advertisement, in consequence of which I sent in an application to see the advertiser, and received the letter (
<hi rend="italic">Dated February</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st, from the National Traders' Association; Manager, B. T. Kemp, asking the witness to call on him between</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> 11. 30)—on February 23rd I received the letter (
<hi rend="italic">From B. T. Kemp, Croydon, regretting that he had not been at his office, and making an appointment for</hi> 9. 30
<hi rend="italic">or</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">on Monday morning</hi>)—on the 25th I received this letter, "Dr. Sir, you can enter into my service forthwith as my clerk and companion, at a salary of £56 per annum, payable in weekly or fortnightly instalments, &c., B. T,
<hi rend="smallCaps">KEMP</hi>."—I went into his service, and on the 25th February I paid him £20—he said he had a ledger in which the names of all the subscribers to the association were, and about £50 worth of circulars—he did not say a word about the probability of his being bankrupt—I knew nothing about a solicitor being engaged in the business—I never saw any money collected—I paid him £20 more on March 9th, believing it to be a
<hi rend="italic">bond fide</hi> business—I signed this document at Croydon, which I believed to be an agreement (
<hi rend="italic">This purported to he a mortgage of the prisoner's business to the witness</hi>)—subsequently to the bankruptcy I wrote this letter to the Official Receiver, at the prisoner's dictation:—"London, 13th March. Dear Sir,—I beg to inform you that B. Kemp mortgaged his business to me. The securities I hold are the books, papers, and receipts till I am repaid, together with the expenses I am put to"—I did not understand when I entered his employment anything more than that I became his clerk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not understand that I was to have an interest in the association he was conducting—I parted with the money believing the business was solvent—I never saw any business done—I was to pay him £50, and I paid him £40—I paid £20 on the Saturday when I signed the agreement; and told him I could not pay him any more then, because £20 was in the savings bank, and I could not get it out then—I saw the names and addresses of the subscribers in the journal in the hands of the Receiver—I believe the names in this circular are the same as those in the journal—Kemp said nothing to me about being in need of money—he did not say he was pressed for money, but the Traders' Association was a good business, which he had carried on for years—I made no inquiries as to whether this was a
<hi rend="italic">bond fide</hi> association—I saw from the books that there were about seventy subscribers at the time I entered his employment—some paid £2 2s., some £1 1s., and some 12s. 6d.—no actions came on in my time in which he received considerable profit—after the receiving order was made I wrote a letter to Mr. Harding, the Receiver, at the prisoner's dictation, in which I claimed books, papers, and receipts, for the purpose of carrying on the business—I was duly furnished by the Official Receiver with a statement of the debtor's affairs; the last paragraph refers to my mortgage or agreement—on 1st April, 1889, I had entered into possession of Kemp's business, and was carrying it on, but I could not see anything to carry on—I wrote at the prisoner's dictation to the Official Receiver, informing him that I was carrying on the business, and I may have made out in my own writing the particulars of the mortgage, and sent them to the Official Receiver—I do not understand anything about mortgages—I received my salary for about two weeks, I got £2 8s., and after that £1 10s. and two ten shillings, about £5 altogether—I was there five or six weeks, but was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290017"/>
<p>doing nothing at all; I could not see any business to carry on—I was in possession of the office till a date in April—I occupied the office at 58, Cheapside; the papers and circulars and receipts were removed there on April 24 from 41, Wych Street, and the prisoner wrote to the Post-master-General to have the address altered to 58, Cheapside—some of these circulars may have been sent out, but very few; I believe the prisoner sent some, but I did not attend at the office very often; I had left and stopped at home, as he promised to return me the money as soon as the business was all right—I have not attempted to ascertain whether any one of the names on this circular was placed there without the permission of the person himself—a letter was sent to someone named Fox, purporting to be a notice of a change of solicitors—I wrote that at the prisoner's dictation—at the end of April I attended with the prisoner before the Official Receiver, and the prisoner suggested that we should go and get the journal containing the subscribers' names—I was given permission to copy them, and I did so, after which I signed this document (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is in my writing—this is my letter: "To Mr. Somerville. May 8th. I undertake to conduct and carry on the business of the subscribers, free of any charge except travelling expenses, until you have completed negotiations for taking over your mortgage, which will be immediately after I receive my discharge from the Bankruptcy Court.
<hi rend="smallCaps">B. T. KEMP</hi>."—nothing came of that—after that I took home a packet of some 500 circulars relating to the new business at 58, Cheapside, to distribute in my own neighbourhood—I informed Kemp that I had applied for a situation, and had given him as a reference—I wrote at the prisoner's suggestion this letter to Mr. Hallett (
<hi rend="italic">Asking him to land him</hi> £20
<hi rend="italic">until Mr. Kemp got his discharge, when he would give authority to repay it out of the purchase-money</hi>)—I never received any subscriptions for the National Trading Association, or gave receipts for any; the prisoner used to do that—I never saw any subscription; I may have signed a receipt in a solitary instance, but I never got the money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did pretty much what Kemp told me—the whole of this document is in my writing—as late as 14th May I had some confidence in him—£2 8s. salary was paid me at the time I paid the £20, and for the sovereign from Mr. Kemp I gave an I O U.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The arrangement was that on my payment of £40 I was to have a mortgage at 3 per cent.—I was to give the other £10, but before I got that I became aware of his bankruptcy—he was bankrupt when I paid the first instalment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-90" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-90" type="given" value="THOMAS RICHARDSON"/>THOMAS RICHARDSON KEMP</persName> </hi>, Q. C. The prisoner is no connection of mine that I am aware of—I have never seen him—he is certainly not my nephew.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-91" type="surname" value="L'ENFANT"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-91" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES L'ENFANT</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Bankruptcy Court—I produce the file of proceedings in the prisoner's bankruptcy—the notice was issued on 5th February, the petition is dated February 20th, the receiving order March 8th, and the adjudication, by consent, March 12th—the liabilities are £668 14s. 2d., and the deficiencies the same amount—there are no assets, there are £29 bad debts—no books were produced, and the deficiency has not been satisfactorily explained—the petitioning creditor was Alfred Thompsett.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He did not, to my knowledge, furnish a list of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290018"/>
<p>names and addresses of the subscribers—I could get no explanation of the journal which the prosecutor made extracts from.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-92" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-92" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SMITH</persName> </hi> Low. I am a secretary, and live at 42, Hurstfield Road, South Croydon—in February or March, 1888, I received this circular (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), and subsequently the prisoner introduced himself to me in the train by saying that he was a nephew of Mr. Kemp, Q. C.—he told me about the National Traders' Association, and said that if I had any business on he should be happy to do it for me; that there were a very large number of subscribers, and it paid 33 1/2 per cent, dividend—upon that I became a subscriber—I paid him £2 2s., and he gave me this receipt—about that time I had a grievance against the Assam Tea Company, and instructed the prisoner to commence an action against them—he said that this association would do it much cheaper than any other, and that his uncle would act as Counsel—he told me he had a list of solicitors, but I have never been able to see it—he said Mr. Sidney was a very able man, and I put it into his hands—I paid the prisoner £7 10s. in June for the purpose of paying into Court, for the discovery of documents, and subsequently £11 10s. for interrogatories, which he said was to be paid into Court—he gave me this receipt—I paid him altogether over £60—I have changed my solicitor now, and the action is entered for trial—I parted with my money believing his statement.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not changed my solicitor four or five times since the writ was issued—I did not employ Mr. Wheeler—the first solicitor on the record was Mr. Sidney, who occupied the adjoining offices to Kemp—I was told he was one of the solicitors to the association—his name is on the circulars and on the business door—I do not consider that he acted for me at all; he acted for the prisoner; I did not instruct him—he acted for Kemp about a year and three months—it was in February, 1888, that I paid the money—I left the matter in the hands of the association fifteen months, and could not get a satisfactory answer from the prisoner—I do not know that Mr. Sidney incurred heavy expenses out of pocket in conducting my case—I paid everything before it was due, and have not seen any bill of costs—by the circular Counsels' fees are free; it says, "£2 2s.; subscribers are entitled to have counsel's opinion free, when necessary"—counsel's advice was all I had—I paid the counsel's fees out of pocket—I never had any account from Mr. Sidney—I paid whatever I was asked—I have never been furnished with any account or bill of costs, but my solicitor has—I only saw it the day before yesterday, and I do not acknowledge it—I have not read it; I will look at it now; it is a list of counsels' fees—the amounts I paid were paid for a particular purpose—I was not perfectly cognisant of the fact that the prisoner was simply paying these sums to Mr. Sidney for the purpose of carrying on the action—I took this receipt for the £7 10s., signed, "B. T. Kemp, for and on behalf of Frederick Sidney"—I did not employ Sidney, I employed the prisoner, but I never looked at it; I am very foolish, and trust people too much—Kemp has never informed me that I am in his debt for money expended by him in my service—he never told me I owed him £38, or I should have asked what he meant—the prisoner used the word" nephew," and it was well known in the train that he had given himself out so—it was on the faith of his being the nephew of a Queen's Counsel that I employed him; I thought I was dealing with a respectable man—I was dissatisfied with the way the litigation was being conducted, and complained</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290019"/>
<p>—Mr. Sidney did not tell me that I owed him money; but he told me that Mr. Kemp had not paid him the money he received from me—I know Mr. Hallett; I borrowed £10 from him some months ago, after fifteen months' litigation with the Assam Tea Company—I did not get it net, I paid £2 for it; and I am under the belief that Kemp got the £2—I borrowed £10, and now I am asked to pay £12—I was not satisfied that the money I advanced to carry on the litigation was properly applied; I paid £10 in April, and the agreement was never sent—I was not perfectly satisfied with Mr. Kemp when I asked him to do me the favour of becoming my surety; I was very suspicious all the time, and told him many times that I was dissatisfied with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was dissatisfied with him over the £10, and got a solicitor to see him—I said, "Is that £10 paid?"—he said, "Yes;" and I looked at the agreement and found it was not stamped.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-93" type="surname" value="SIDNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-93" type="given" value="FREDERICK CHARLES"/>FREDERICK CHARLES SIDNEY</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of New Inn Chambers—I was the solicitor on the record of "Somerville
<hi rend="italic">v.</hi> the Assam Tea Company" till the 16th April, 1889—I did not receive £7 10s. from the prisoner in June, 1888, for the purpose of obtaining discovery in that action; I asked him for it, and the answer was that he had paid Mr. Jallens' initiation fees as a Mason; Mr. Jallens declined to become a Mason, and he could not get it back—I told Mr. Somerville that in the prisoner's presence—no summons for discovery was issued—this receipt (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is not correct; Kemp had no right to give a receipt for me; there was no discovery—he told me he had the money, but ne did not give it to me—I received £7 for interrogatories, and 10s. for the summons and order—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the journal kept by the National Traders' Association—there may have been a dozen genuine subscribers in 1888; I have pencilled the list—I can say that there were ten, including Mr. Thompsett, the petitioning creditor, and Mr. Somerville—Mr. Clark ceased as a subscriber when Mr. Somerville came—the prisoner's bail was one of the genuine subscribers—there was no business; there were seven or eight little actions—there were two very heavy actions, which were lost, and he asked me if I would draw an agreement with Somerville—I said, "No; I am not going to the Old Bailey with you; if you take the money you are sure to be convicted"—he said he could not help it, he must have money for his wife and children.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was not my clerk; he was the association, and I was one of the solicitors—I have never applied to Mr. Somerville for payment of my costs—I employed counsel for Mr. Somerville, and I have not paid his fees, although he gave a receipt—as a matter of law Mr. Somerville is liable for the fees, but I am in honour, no doubt—when Mr. Somerville was dissatisfied with the way the business was conducted the prisoner handed me the papers with figures on, and said they were Mr. Somerville's figures (£40 3s.), and asked me to make out an account to get him out of the difficulty, and to show how I could make out that amount; and this is the account I rendered to his present solicitor, which shows that I received £12 15s. 4d.—I obtained a receipt from the prisoner, signed by the barrister, for £16 12s. 6d., and then put down the sundries, and it came to £41, and he admitted receiving £40—I made up the account on the basis of figures supplied by Kemp—it is very difficult to know which Mr. Thompsett was the subscriber, the changes were rung between the father and the son; the father brought a friendly</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290020"/>
<p>action against the son, and obtained judgment; and the sheriff sold and received the money, and handed the cheques for £35 to Mr. Biggenden, which was handed to the prisoner, who put the money in his pocket—this letter is in my writing—there was no relationship between me and Kemp, he was not acting for me—he lived in the Borough, and I told him to go and get the money, just the same as I should send an office boy.</p>
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<interp inst="t18890729-624-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-624-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the First Count only.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic"> He received a good character.—
<rs id="t18890729-624-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-624-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-624-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-624-18890729 t18890729-624-punishment-18"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18890729-625" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-625" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-625-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-625-18890729 t18890729-625-offence-1 t18890729-625-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-625-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-625-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-625-18890729" type="age" value="51"/>
<interp inst="def1-625-18890729" type="surname" value="WAINWRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-625-18890729" type="given" value="MARK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARK WAINWRIGHT</hi> (51)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-625-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-625-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-625-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t18890729-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-95" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-95" type="given" value="GEORGE PERCY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-625-offence-1 t18890729-name-95"/>George Percy Watkins</persName>, with intent to rob him.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PICKERSGILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-96" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-96" type="given" value="GEORGE PERCY"/>GEORGE PERCY WATKINS</persName> </hi>. I am a newsboy, and live at Freemason's Cottage, Hounslow—on July 2nd, about 11. 30 a. m., the prisoner sprang out from the comer of Barrack Road, caught hold of my arm, and said, "Stop! go another inch, and you are a dead man; have you got any money?"—I said, "No"—he felt my pockets—I tried to get away, and told him I had to go off duty—he caught my strap, and I broke away—about half an hour afterwards I found him at the railway station, and gave him in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You met me and put your hand on my shoulder, and asked me the way to the railway station—you asked if I should like to be a soldier, and felt my pockets—you did not take my chest measurement, and say that I was not stout enough, and should have to wait—you did not put your hand in my pocket then, or take anything from me—you held me against the wall—I cannot help myself with one arm, and you let go and put your hand in my pocket—you seemed wild, as if you had been drinking—you were not drunk, but I smelt beer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-97" type="surname" value="LANGRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-97" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LANGRIDGE</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, Belgrade Road, Hounslow—on 7th July I was in the Bath Road, and saw the prisoner putting his hand into the prosecutor's pockets.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I was gathering manure in the road, but I left off when I saw you—I am nearly thirteen years old.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-98" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-98" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WATKINS</persName> </hi>. I am the prosecutor's father—he told me something on July 2nd—I went to the railway station, and he pointed out the prisoner—I put my hand on his shoulder and said, "I beg pardon; I want to know why you stopped my boy this morning, and demanded his money"—he said, "Not me, sir; I have not taken anything, and he has not lost anything"—I gave him in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> My son ran home to me—he did not say that you had put your hand in his pocket and taken any money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-99" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-99" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BEARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 628). On 2nd July, about noon, I was called to the District Railway station, and saw the prisoner—I said I should take him in custody for stopping a boy and attempting to rob him by threats—he said to the boy, "Have you lost anything?" he said, "No"—the prisoner said, "and I have not taken anything"—the charge was read to him at the station, and he said, "What I have to say I shall say before the Magistrate"—he was sober, he know what he was doing, and walked to the station, quite a mile—6s. 8d. was found on him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290021"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> The boy told me that you stopped him, and attempted to rob him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner in his defence said that he belonged to the Army Reserve, was out begging, and had slept on Hounslow Heath; that he met the boy and said, "Halt! which is the way to the railway station?" that the boy told him, and then he asked the boy if he would like to be a soldiery, but did not say, "You are a dead man;" that he asked the boy how much money he had a week, which he may have misunderstood; and that</hi> 6s. 8d.
<hi rend="italic">which was found on him was part of his pension, which he had received on the Monday.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-625-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-625-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-625-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-626">
<interp inst="t18890729-626" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-626" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-626-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-626-18890729 t18890729-626-offence-1 t18890729-626-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-626-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-626-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-626-18890729" type="surname" value="KEAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-626-18890729" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM KEAN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18890729-626-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-626-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-626-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, Unlawfully attempting to have carnal knowledge of
<persName id="t18890729-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-101" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-101" type="surname" value="HURRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-101" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-626-offence-1 t18890729-name-101"/>Elizabeth Hurrell</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HIGGINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>, jun.,
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-626-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-626-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-626-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-627">
<interp inst="t18890729-627" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-627" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-627-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-627-18890729 t18890729-627-offence-1 t18890729-627-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-627-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-627-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-627-18890729" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-627-18890729" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-627-18890729" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES JONES</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-627-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-627-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-627-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a purse and 1s. 0 3/4 d., the property of
<persName id="t18890729-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-103" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-103" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-627-offence-1 t18890729-name-103"/>Henry Jarvis</persName>, from the person of
<persName id="t18890729-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-104" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-104" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-627-offence-1 t18890729-name-104"/>Ann Jarvis</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-105" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-105" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-105" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN JARVIS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Henry Jarvis, of 55, Clifton Place, Finsbury—on July 1st, about 11 p. m., I was with Elizabeth Coombs outside Liverpool Street station—I took my purse out to purchase a flower, but had no change, and put it back; there was 1s. 0 3/4 d. in it—I asked my friend to pay for the flower, and immediately saw her holding the prisoner by his coat—she said, "Drop that purse; I saw you take your hand out of my friend's pocket"—he said, "I have no purse"—I missed my purse—he was surrounded by flower-girls, and I was confused—a young man came up and said, "Drop that purse"—the prisoner tried to get away, but the young man gave him in charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-106" type="surname" value="COOMBS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-106" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH COOMBS</persName> </hi>. I am a milliner, of 5, Clifton Place, Finsbury—I was with Jarvis, and saw her take out her purse and put it back—directly after that I saw the prisoner's hand in the pocket where she had put it—I caught hold of his coat and said, "Give me that puree"—he said, "I have no purse"—he tried to get away, but ran into a gentleman's arms, and was given in custody—a great many flower-girls were about, but not many men.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-107" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-107" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN JONES</persName> </hi>. I live at 81, Brook Road, Dalston—on 8th July I was in Liverpool Street, and saw the prisoner's hand in the prosecutrix's pocket—he was being held by his coat, and ran into my arms—I told him to drop the purse—he said, "I have no purse"—I called a constable, and the prosecutrix gave him in custody—his hands were closed, and he dropped them at his sides—we were surrounded by flower-girls.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-108" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-108" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD YOUNG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 955). On 1st July, about eleven o'clock, Jones called me, and said that he saw the prisoner's hand leave the prosecutrix's pocket—she said she had lost her purse—I asked the prisoner to give me the purse—he said, "I have no purse; take me to the station and search me"—I did so, but found nothing—he gave a false address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-627-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-627-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-627-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at this Court in March</hi>, 1885.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-627-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-627-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-627-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-627-18890729 t18890729-627-punishment-19"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290022"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-628">
<interp inst="t18890729-628" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-628" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-628-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-628-18890729 t18890729-628-offence-1 t18890729-628-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-628-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-628-18890729 t18890729-628-offence-1 t18890729-628-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-628-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-628-18890729 t18890729-628-offence-1 t18890729-628-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-628-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-628-18890729 t18890729-628-offence-2 t18890729-628-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-628-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-628-18890729 t18890729-628-offence-2 t18890729-628-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-628-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-628-18890729 t18890729-628-offence-2 t18890729-628-verdict-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="def1-628-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-628-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-628-18890729" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="def1-628-18890729" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED HARDING</persName>,
<persName id="def2-628-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-628-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-628-18890729" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def2-628-18890729" type="given" value="ALFRED"/> ALFRED CLARK</persName> </hi>, and
<persName id="def3-628-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-628-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-628-18890729" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="def3-628-18890729" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD SAUNDERS</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-628-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-628-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-628-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18890729-628-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-628-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-628-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>to warehouse-breaking; </rs>
<rs id="t18890729-628-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-628-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-628-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>and also to being found, by night, with housebreaking implements in their possession, without lawful excuse.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-628-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-628-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-628-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-628-18890729 t18890729-628-punishment-20"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-628-18890729 t18890729-628-punishment-20"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-628-18890729 t18890729-628-punishment-20"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-629">
<interp inst="t18890729-629" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-629" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-629-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-629-18890729 t18890729-629-offence-1 t18890729-629-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-629-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-629-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-629-18890729" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-629-18890729" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-629-18890729" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD SMITH</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-629-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-629-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-629-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, To burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18890729-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-113" type="surname" value="BIRD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-113" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-629-offence-1 t18890729-name-113"/>John Bird</persName>, and stealing 1d.;</rs> also to a conviction of felony in October, 1885, in the name of
<persName id="t18890729-name-114">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-114" type="surname" value="FRANKLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-114" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>George Franklin</persName>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-629-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-629-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-629-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-629-18890729 t18890729-629-punishment-21"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAND JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">commended the conduct of a witness, Payne, and of the police. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">awarded Payne</hi> £3.
<rs id="t18890729-629-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-629-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-629-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18890729-630" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-630" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-630-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-630-18890729 t18890729-630-offence-1 t18890729-630-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-630-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-630-18890729 t18890729-630-offence-2 t18890729-630-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-630-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-630-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-630-18890729" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-630-18890729" type="surname" value="PEETZ"/>
<interp inst="def1-630-18890729" type="given" value="GILLAUME"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GILLAUME PEETZ</hi> (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-630-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-630-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-630-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Indicted for stealing a mantle and £2 14s., the goods and money of
<persName id="t18890729-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-116" type="surname" value="HOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-116" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-630-offence-1 t18890729-name-116"/>Henry George Hood</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t18890729-630-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-630-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-630-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>and also for an assault upon a constable.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Upon the evidence of Dr. Gilbert, surgeon of Holloway Prison,
<rs id="t18890729-630-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-630-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-630-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="unfitToPlead"/>the Jury found the prisoner insane, and unfit to plead.</rs>
<rs id="t18890729-630-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-630-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-630-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-630-18890729 t18890729-630-punishment-22"/>To be detained until Her Majesty's pleasure be known.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">For cases tried in this Court this day, see Kent Cases.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, August</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Wills.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-631">
<interp inst="t18890729-631" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-631" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-631-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-631-18890729 t18890729-631-offence-1 t18890729-631-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-631-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-631-18890729 t18890729-631-offence-2 t18890729-631-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-631-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-631-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-631-18890729" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-631-18890729" type="given" value="EDWARD RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD RICHARD WHITE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18890729-631-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-631-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-631-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously sending to
<persName id="t18890729-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-118" type="surname" value="TUSSAUD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-118" type="given" value="JOHN THEODORE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-631-offence-1 t18890729-name-118"/>John Theodore Tussaud</persName> a certain explosive substance, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, with intent to burn and disfigure, and to maim and disable.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-119" type="surname" value="POYSER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-119" type="given" value="EDWIN JOSIAH"/>EDWIN JOSIAH POYSER</persName> </hi>. I am managing director of Tussaud and Company, Limited—my father is the principal proprietor and share-holder—I have been manager since the company took it over in February—since that time the prisoner has done no work for the establishment; before that he did—two or three of the Miss Tussauds and Mr. John Tussaud have been doing the work which the prisoner did, viz., the insertion of the hair—on Monday, 25th June, I arrived at the Exhibition about half-past nine—letters and small parcels are left on a slab, and I open them—on that morning the letters were handed to me; I picked up this parcel myself, it was on the slab—I went with it round the rooms, and eventually took it upstairs into the studio, where Mr. John Tussaud works—the parcel is addressed, "John T. Tussaud, Esq., Exhibition, Marylebone Road; paid"—Mr. John Tussaud was in the studio at work; I handed him the parcel and said, "This is for you, Mr. John"—he took the parcel, and began to undo the brown paper; then he laid it down and said something to me—he then picked it up again, and I noticed some grains of gunpowder—I am a sportsman; I know all about sporting gunpowders—I took up a few of the grains that were loose at one end of the paper that was undone—I took them in the palm of my hand outside the studio, and put them on the mantelshelf just outside the studio door; I took a match, struck it, and just put it to the powder to make certain, and it flared up; I then stepped</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290023"/>
<p>back to the studio, left the parcel there, locked the door, and went with Mr. Tussaud to the Police-station—Sergeant Morgan was directed to go to the establishment; I and Mr. Tussaud got back before him; Morgan followed shortly afterwards—I took him up to the studio, and showed him where the parcel was—he took hold of it, and cut the cord—it was bound round with this piece of gold lace cord—he first took off the paper which was sealed on, and was going to open the box; I stopped him from doing that, and asked him to take it to some open space before he did anything else with it—we took it into the garden, an open space at the east end of the building—Morgan there opened the box, as far as it would go, about 1-16th of an inch, and shook all the powder out on to the grass; I should say there was about half a pound—I picked up about an ounce of it, and gave it to Morgan, leaving the other, on the grass—it was in very good condition—two days afterwards I ignited the other powder; I threw a match into it on the grass, and it flared up, as nearly as I could tell, from 15 to 20 feet high; I had no idea that such a tremendous lot of gunpowder was left—since I have become managing director I have seen the prisoner on three or four occasions; he only came once direct to me; I don't know what he came about—I had no conversation with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe he was employed at the Exhibition quite up to the time we took it over on 8th February—I have spoken to him on one occasion since; I can't say when it was, but it was some time before this took place—when we took the place over practically there was nobody in the employment, because they had all had notice to leave—I cannot say how many were discharged—I don't think I should know the names; I might know one or two—we had nothing to do with the bandsmen; the bandmaster supplied them—I don't know if there Were a number of foreigners among them—I do not know Dominichi—I believe Mitchell is a foreigner—he was discharged since we took it over; I think in April—he was what they call the tailor—I heard that he was a Spaniard or an Italian—I really know nothing about him—he used to look after the clothes—I don't see him here—I have not seen him to-day—as a tailor he would have to do with the dressing of the figures—I believe we have similar cord to that which was tied round the box, and it would be used on the uniforms—we have not a stock of it—there is some on the figures I believe—we keep no loose cord—I said before the Magistrate that we had some like it—I don't know that I said we had a stock; if I swore that it was true—Mitchell would have charge of it before he was discharged; it would be in his department—I said he was discharged by me shortly before 22nd June; I meant some time between 8th February and 24th June—this box has been submitted to a skilled person to examine, a person having special knowledge—I did not write to the paper describing it as dynamite—there was nothing about it in the
<hi rend="italic">Mercury</hi>—I wrote a short account for the local papers, as such misstatements had been put in the papers—I have a copy of it—I said this box had been seen by some person—I cannot tell you who has examined it—I don't know who examined it—it was sent to Woolwich, I think; at all events to Col Majendie, wherever he was—I did not examine the box; I saw it—I did not hear the flame from the powder on the glass described at the Police-court as high as the Tussaud establishment—I was not in Court when that was said—I said it was as high as 15 or 20 feet—the powder had bee there during the whole of two nights—they were very</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290024"/>
<p>dry nights—the white substance in the box was bread, I believe—I did not examine the thing carefully; I never had the box in my hands—I saw John Tussaud undo it—I did not expect the parcel—I believe I saw Mr. Babington Tussaud on the Wednesday after we received the parcel on the Monday; the box had then been taken away—it was some days after that I knew of the boy Baker from the parcels' office—I don't think I was told the description he had given of the man who left the parcel, for some time; I heard of it before the prisoner was taken it to custody—as near as I can tell it was something of this sort: "A man, aged 40; height, 5 feet 8 inches; stout build; complexion fair; hair dark, whiskers all round, and moustache; dressed respectably, in dark clothes, white collar and front, dark tie, and black felt hat; can be identified"—I think I knew of that description before the prisoner was arrested—I did not supply the police with a photograph of the prisoner—I believe Mr. John Tussaud did, but I could not swear to that; I never saw it—it was given to Sergt. Quin—Mr. John Tussaud is the prosecutor—my father sanctioned the prosecution; we asked his permission before any action was taken—I did not know of the prisoner's photograph until a day or two after Quin had got it—I think it was towards the end of the week that the box was received—I never spoke to the boy, except just to say good morning—he has been to Tussaud's—I did not see him there till after the warrant was applied for—on the first day of the remand I gave him my card as an admission to the exhibition—Quin asked me for it for him—I did not see him there—I knew nothing of the arrangement made to identify the prisoner, till afterwards—my knowledge of gunpowder is only from using cartridges.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mr. Babington Tussaud offered to help his brother to find out who had sent him the box—the matter was left entirely to the police—I never had the box in my hand for a very long time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-120" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-120" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BAKER</persName> </hi>. I am fourteen years of age; I am employed at the London Parcels Delivery Office in Fetter Lane, and have been there twelve months last March—on Saturday, 22nd June, a small brown paper parcel was brought to me addressed to Mr. T. Tussaud, Exhibition, Marylebone Road—it was brought by the prisoner—he said, "I want that sent"—he paid me 4d. for it—I said, "Who is the sender, please?"—he refused to give the sender's name—he said, "As it is paid for it is sure to be taken in"—I then booked the parcel on the booking-bill, and put it on a counter on the opposite side, the proper place for the men to collect—I made an entry in the parcel-book—on 26th June Inspector Quin came to me in Fetter Lane; he put some questions, which I answered—I did not then know who he was—I saw him again on the 27th, and had some conversation—ho did not then say who he was—I had seen this about Tussaud's on the placards, and I guessed who he was—on the 29th he came and took me and my father to the Duke of York public-house in Marylebone Road, about half-past ten at night—I remained there till eleven—I was sitting on a stool, opposite a table, in the bar—Quin had told me to do something—about from forty to fifty people came in and out—after I had been there about three-quarters of an hour I saw the prisoner come in; I recognised him, and I said something to Quin—I have no doubt about the prisoner being the man who brought the parcel to me—I identify the parcel by the handwriting on it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am certain of the handwriting—I knew it at Once</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290025"/>
<p>when the parcel was shown to me on the "Wednesday—I have an assistant in the office; he is above me; when he is out of the way I take the parcels and book them—on a Saturday about 250 parcels are brought in—I am pretty fair at handwriting, and people too—there is no reason why I should watch a person particularly—if a parcel is brought without the sender's name and address on it, I ask for it—I do not weigh the parcels; I know the weight and price pretty well—I then enter it—I am standing up at the time—I did not know that anything had happened about this parcel till Wednesday, the 26th, when Quin called—I had not read of the "Dynamite Outrage at Madame Tussaud's "at that time—I had seen it on the placards—I do not know a detective when I see him; Quin did not look anything particular; only an ordinary man—he asked if I knew the person that brought the parcel, and he would like to find out who he was—I did not know on the 26th that that was what he was inquiring about—he did not look at my book—he had got the parcel with him; he showed me the paper; I don't remember seeing the box, only the brown paper, which I at once identified; and then I remembered the man as far as I could make out—I did remember him—my memory has not improved since—I have said that he had a soft felt hat on, like this one—I did not first say he had a soft felt hat on, not that I remember—I won't swear I did not—I did not afterwards say to Morgan that it was a hard felt hat—I might have done so—I believe I said to Quin that he had a large felt hat—that was on the Thursday when he showed me a photograph—I afterwards said it was a tall, silk hat—I know the difference between a silk hat and a soft felt—when I described the man Quin wrote it down—Morgan also wrote down my description—I do not read the evening papers; I just look at the placards as I walk along—I was shown one on the Sunday after I had been at the Police-court—one of my pals showed it me—I was a good deal sought after on that Sunday—my mind was very full of this—it was after the two written descriptions that I was shown the photograph—I was shown one, but that was not the right man; it was taken seventeen years ago—they showed me a lot of photographs, and I picked out the wrong one—they were not angry with me; Quin walked away in the same mood as he came—that was before I went to Madame Tussaud's and had a free admission—I saw a young gentleman, and had a talk with him; he was at the public-house that night, Mr. Babington Tussaud; he walked into the bar with the prisoner—I did not think he had gone to fetch him; he never told me—I had seen the prisoner before I saw Mr. Babington Tussaud; they were talking—I was told to look round—I did not look at the man he spoke to; I looked at the man that brought the parcel, the man who I thought I had seen before—I did not pick out Mr. Babington Tussaud; I picked out the other man; I knew him at once—he had on a tall hat—I have not got the photograph here that I picked out—the bar of the public-house would hold about twenty people standing comfortably—the forty or fifty people walked in and out—Mr. Babington Tussaud was only with the one man—I don't know where he went to fetch him from—at the Police-court I did not mention anything about Mr. Babington Tussaud being with the man at the public-house—they never asked me; I did not tell anything I was not asked.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-121" type="surname" value="QUIN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-121" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK QUIN</persName> </hi>. I am an Inspector of the Criminal Investigation Department, Scotland Yard—on Wednesday, 26th June, I was instructed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290026"/>
<p>to inquire into this matter, and as a result of those inquiries I went to the Parcels Delivery Office in Fetter Lane, and saw the boy Baker—I had a conversation with him—he gave me a description, which I have with me—on the following day I showed him seven photographs, among them being one of the prisoner—he did not identify either of them—they were Scotland Yard photographs, not all of well-known criminals, of persons who have been reported as missing—I have not got them here; they are at Scotland Yard; I can get them—I saw the boy again on the 29th June, and went with him and his father to the Duke of York public house—Mr. Babington Tussaud was with me on that occasion—I gave the boy certain directions; we went inside the bar—the boy sat alone at a table, his father, Mr. Babington Tussaud and I were at the bar—it was about three-quarters of an hour before the boy made any communication to me; neither I, his father, nor Mr. Babington Tussaud had any conversation with him from the time he was seated at the table until he made some sign to me—there might be about thirty people in and out of the house during that interval—Saturday is a busy night in a public-house—at the end of the three-quarters of an hour the boy nodded his head in the direction of the door—I looked in that direction, and saw the prisoner; he was talking to Babington Tussaud—I left the prisoner in the bar, and went outside, and I was followed out by Baker, his father, and Tussaud—the boy then made a communication to me—from the time I was first instructed I had the whole conduct of this matter, so far as the police were concerned—I received a warrant for the prisoner's arrest on 10th July, and on the 11th I arrested him, at 3 in the afternoon, at 10, Percy Road, Shepherd's Bush, where he was living—I read the warrant to him—he said, "You astonish me! there is a suspicion, but if they cannot prove it it will show them up"—I took him to the station, where he was charged—the charge was read over to him—he made no further statement—he was searched—I found some letters on him (
<hi rend="italic">producing them</hi>)—I was reading one of them, beginning, "My dear boys," and the prisoner was looking over my shoulder; he said, "Will it be necessary to produce that letter?"—I made no reply to that—when I got towards the end of the letter he said, "You see what my feelings were when I wrote it; one's feelings sometimes get the better of one "(
<hi rend="italic">The letters were put in and read, they expressed grief at his being dismissed from his employment, and attributed it to John Tussaud</hi>)—I have produced this box to-day; it has been in my custody—when I first saw it I noticed these two fusees in it—the explosive part of the fusees were on them at the time, quite complete—I received it at the Police Office, 21, Whitehall Place.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was for a time specially employed in investigating dynamite matters—I received this box on the 26th, before I made any inquiry into the case—it had the piece of gold braid tied to it—I submitted it to Col. Majendie, and he reported upon it—I recognised bread as the principal thing in it; it took up a good portion of the space—underneath the bread was lint, or something of that kind—I have never seen so much bread in an infernal machine—Col. Majendie was not called as a witness—Morgan and I were both present when the boy gave his description, but I took it down—only one description was given; this is it (
<hi rend="italic">read</hi>: "Age 40; height 5 ft. 8 in.; stout build; complexion fair; hair dark, and cut short; whiskers broad, about 3 inches long, strag
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290027"/>
<p>a moustache, dark brown" (he was not quite certain of that) "rather large beard; haggard face, thin; broad-shouldered; dress, dark jacket and vest, dark tie, white collar and front, soft black felt hat; respectable appearance; carried umbrella; can be identified"—he was not quite sure whether it was a soft or ordinary hard felt hat—I searched the room where I arrested the prisoner—it was on Thursday, the 27th, that I showed the boy the photograph—I am quite sure that he did not pick out any—the prisoner's photo was supplied by John Tussaud—it was taken 16 years ago—I did not tell the boy when it was taken, I did not know then—we met at Baker Street station on the 29th, and Babington Tussaud and I walked together, and the father and the boy—during the time we were in the bar Babington Tussaud and the boy were some of the time in the same bar—he went away from the bar, and came to the door with the prisoner; I don't know where he brought him from; the boy nodded in their direction—the prisoner was then wearing an ordinary black high hat with, I think, a mourning band—I heard the boy describe the man at the Police-court as wearing a silk hat—the prisoner was not wearing any hat then—I did not notice where it was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The boy said he would know the man if he saw him again, and then I put down "can be identified" (
<hi rend="italic">The witness was directed to fetch the photographs</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-122" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PRICE</persName> </hi>. I am a commissionaire, employed at Tussaud and Co. 's—I was on duty there on the morning of the 24th June—I received from the carman of the Parcels Delivery Company this parcel in brown paper—I signed for it, and placed it on the slab in the ordinary place for letters and small parcels.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-123" type="surname" value="WEBBER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-123" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WEBBER</persName> </hi>. I am a carman in the employ of the Parcels Delivery Company—on Saturday I took charge of a parcel about this size from the office in Fetter Lane, and on the Monday I delivered it to Price—I took a receipt for it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-124" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-124" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN MORGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). On 24th June I was instructed by my superintendent to go to Tussaud's Exhibition—I went there, and was taken up to the studio by Mr. Poyser—I was there shown a brown paper parcel covering a box; the paper was fastened with wax, and this gold cord was tied round the box inside the paper—I took off the paper and cut the cord—I took the box into the garden, as they objected to my opening it in the building—I opened the lid slightly, indeed it opened of its own accord after cutting the cord, and some gunpowder fell out—I turned it up and shook it gently, and a quantity of gunpowder fell out, about half a pound, more or less—I inserted my finger, and found there was a connection from the lid to the inside—I succeeded in disconnecting this piece of sandpaper from the lid; and on removing the lid I found some paper pasted over, carefully hiding the contents—I broke that away, and then found this sandpaper in contact with the fusees right away to the bottom of the box—the sand side of the paper was in contact with the heads of the fusees—if violently opened this would come in contact with the fusees; the fusees were fixed tight against the sand paper—I tried the sandpaper gently, it would not give without some force—I then took it to the police-station, and reported the matter to the Commissioner, and by his direction it was taken to the Inspector of Explosives, with about an ounce of the powder, which I gathered up off the floor—the box was taken from Col. Majendie, and Quin has since had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290028"/>
<p>possession of it—I went with Quin to see the boy Baker at Fetter Lane; Quin was taking the active part in it—I heard all that passed there, and saw what was done.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have had nothing to do with cases of explosives and dynamite—I have opened mysterious parcels—this was sent to the Government Inspector of Explosives—he was not called at the Police-court—there was some other substance in the box; broad was the leading article, a large piece of bread in one place, and two pieces of bread in the comers—it was described as a whitish substance; it was black with powder—I can't say if the fusees have been fired, they were apparently in good condition for firing at the time I opened the box—I can't say what has been done with them since—after the inspector had examined the box the Government did not prosecute—the Commissioner reported to the authorities—Quin has been specially employed by the Government in cases of supposed outrages of this kind—the box was sent to Col. Majendie by direction of the Commissioner—I was present when the boy gave the description that was written down—he was asked what sort of a hat the man was wearing, and he said a black felt hat—I did not weigh the contents of the box—I know nothing about what kind of powder it was—I have not got the powder that was submitted to the inspector.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I opened the box I saw the two fusees; they appeared in good condition for striking—the box is apparently a small cigar-box—I made inquiry at one shop, in consequence of a suggestion, but it did not come from there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-125" type="surname" value="TUSSAUD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-125" type="given" value="JOHN THEODORE"/>JOHN THEODORE TUSSAUD</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Tussaud and Co., Limited—I worked for many years for the business under the old concern, and since it has been a company—I am skilled in the insertion of hair—the prisoner has worked for Tussaud and Co. over 15 years—he was not a servant of the company—piecework was given out to him—on an average he earned quite £6 a week—in February last contracts were entered into between our family and Mr. Poyser, for the purchase of the concern and the building generally—before the completion of the contract a list of all the persons employed was made out for Mr. Poyser's inspection—in that list the prisoner's name appeared, with the description of what he had been doing—when Mr. Poyser took over the concern there was a formal general dismissal given to all the persons—some were permanently dismissed, or work ceased to be given to them, and others were re-engaged—from that time the prisoner has not done any work for the concern—I have taken his place, in conjunction with two of my sisters, who are skilled in that way—the prisoner kept a work-book, which I have here, from February 28th, 1880, to December 14th, 1883—that is the only book I have been able to retain possession of—I know the prisoner's hand-writing, and have seen him write—this book is in his handwriting—in my opinion the writing on this brown paper is the prisoner's—I was not present when Baker identified the prisoner—I have not made any communication to the newspapers about this matter.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not write to the papers—I did not write this as a dynamite outrage—Mr. Richardson manages the writing department—Mr. Poyser's father has the greatest money interest in the concern—I did not make out the list of persons employed—I had a list placed before me—I think six or seven persons have boon dismissed; I will not say definitely—we do not consider the bandsmen part of the staff; they have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290029"/>
<p>lost their places—Mr. Delavent was paid £24, I think, for the whole band—Mitchell was not discharged at that time, but much later, recently—he is a tailor—the braid would be under his charge—it could not be got without the keys—I think he is a Frenchman—Dominichi is a modeller, he was discharged months before the business was taken over—I have had no conversation with the prisoner since he ceased to work there—I obtained his photograph from my father's house—I did not give it to Babington—I knew he was in communication with the police—my father is here, I suppose for the purpose of giving the prisoner a character—the prisoner has not been at the Exhibition since February; that is to say, he may have called in once or twice—I know he was there once, I heard of his calling after he had been—I have said nothing to Quin as to the prisoner with others forming a rival establishment—I did not hear Quin say at the Police-court that he had been told that the prisoner and others had been trying to form a rival establishment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-126" type="surname" value="QUIN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-126" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK QUIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-called</hi>). I now produce the photographs; they are nearly all cabinets—there are three small ones—three are photographs of very remarkable men (
<hi rend="italic">they were handed to the Jury</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-127" type="surname" value="INGLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-127" type="given" value="GEORGE SMITH"/>GEORGE SMITH INGLIS</persName> </hi>. I am an expert in handwriting—I have had placed before me this book and this writing on brown paper—I say they are written by one and the same individual—I have picked out certain words, and if necessary can give my reasons for my opinion.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had my reasons in the case of Ludlam tried yesterday—I make mistakes sometimes—I have sometimes given evidence on the same side as Mr. Netherclift, and sometimes on a different side.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-128" type="surname" value="TUSSAUD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-128" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>MR. JOSEPH TUSSAUD</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">the prosecutor's father, and several members of the family, with others, deposed to the prisoner's good character.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-631-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-631-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-631-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">There was
<rs id="t18890729-631-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-631-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-631-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>an indictment upon the same facts, for sending an explosive substance,</rs> upon which no evidence was offered, and a verdict of</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-631-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-631-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-631-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">taken.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, August</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-632">
<interp inst="t18890729-632" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-632" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-632-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-632-18890729 t18890729-632-offence-1 t18890729-632-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-632-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-632-18890729" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-632-18890729" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-632-18890729" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-632-18890729" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY COLLINS</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-632-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-632-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-632-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously uttering a forged Bank of England note, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOODFALL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-130" type="surname" value="RUSCONI"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-130" type="given" value="JESSIE"/>JESSIE RUSCONI</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Arthur Rusconi, who keeps the Black Swan, Ryder Street, Leicester Square—I know the prisoner as a customer—on 28th June, about 11. 50 p. m., the prisoner came in and handed me this note, and asked if I would oblige her with change for a £6 note—I handed it to my husband in a room at the back, he gave me £3 10s. in gold, and told me to take 30s. from the silver in the till—I left the note with him, and gave the money to the prisoner—while she was counting it my husband came and said to me, "Who gave you this note? "Isaid, "This person here"—he said to the prisoner, "I don't think this is good"—she said, "I am not used to paper money, and I did not know but what it was good; my mistress gave it to me to get change; she lives in Panton Street, Haymarket"—she gave back the money to my husband, and he called a constable.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290030"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> The note was folded in half when you gave it to me, with the printed side doubled in, and I handed it in that way to Mr. Rusconi.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-131" type="surname" value="RUSCONI"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-131" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR RUSCONI</persName> </hi>. I keep the Black Swan—on 28th June, about midnight, my wife brought this £5 note into the back parlour, and asked me to give her change for it—I gave her £3 10s., and she left the room—I opened the note, saw that it was a very strange one, and went into the bar and said to her, "This is a very queer note, where did you get it?"—she pointed to the prisoner—I said, "Where did you get this note?"—she said, "My mistress in Panton Street"—I showed it to Mr. Tregallo in the bar, who asked her a few questions which she refused to answer, and he fetched a constable—she said she did not know it was a bad note, and she would not answer any questions in front of that man, Mr. Tregallo.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You asked me to come with you to your mistress.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-132" type="surname" value="TREGALLO"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-132" type="given" value="ADOLPH"/>ADOLPH TREGALLO</persName> </hi>. I live at 68, New Kent Road—I was in this public-house—Mr. Rusconi came out and handed me this note—I asked the prisoner where she got it—she said, "From my mistress in Panton Street"—I held it up to the light to see the water-mark, and when I saw this sketch in the corner I said it was a forgery—I said to the prisoner, "Where does your mistress live in Panton Street?"—she said, "I don't know, nor shall I answer any question of yours"—I said, "Don't let her go," and went out for a policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-133" type="surname" value="RUTHERFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-133" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY RUTHERFORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I was called to the Black Swan about midnight, and Mr. Rusconi gave the prisoner into my charge for trying to pass a forged note on him—I said to her, "Where did you get it from?"—she said, "I shan't tell you while that man is in the bar, "pointing to Mr. Tregallo—I took her to the station—she said, "A strange woman gave me the note in Panton Street, and asked me to change it, as she was a stranger in the neighbourhood"—she said she did not know it was bad; she had never had anything to do with notes—she was charged at the station and made no answer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not tell me that the woman promised you something for yourself, and you took it where you were known.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-134" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-134" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GILL</persName> </hi>. I am principal of the Bank Note Office, Bank of England—this note is a clumsy forgery—I do not think it is engraved, I should say it is pen-and-ink—there is no water-mark.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-135" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-135" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN BAILEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 18, Great Windmill Street—I have known the prisoner for three years—she had been living with me for a week before June 28th—she is a charwoman, and is in the habit of helping me with my washing—I did not give her this note, or ask her to get change for it—I never saw it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner.</hi> That is not the woman who gave me the note.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-136" type="surname" value="MORTIMER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-136" type="given" value="EVELYN"/>EVELYN MORTIMER</persName> </hi>. On 28th June the prisoner was working for me as a charwoman—I did not give her this note to get changed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in her statement before the Magistrate, and in her defence, said that she met a strange woman in Panton Street, who asked her to change the note, and promised her something for doing so, and waited outside while she went in.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-137" type="surname" value="RUSCONI"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-137" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR RUSCONI</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I saw no one outside—I am the only one who went out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-138" type="surname" value="RUTHERFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-138" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY RUTHERFORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I saw no woman there when I went in or when I came out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-632-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-632-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-632-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-633">
<interp inst="t18890729-633" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-633" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-633-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-633-18890729 t18890729-633-offence-1 t18890729-633-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290031"/>
<persName id="def1-633-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-633-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-633-18890729" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-633-18890729" type="surname" value="CHALK"/>
<interp inst="def1-633-18890729" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JAMES CHALK</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-633-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-633-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-633-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining £2 from
<persName id="t18890729-name-140" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-140" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-140" type="given" value="GILBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-633-offence-1 t18890729-name-140"/>Gilbert Ward</persName>, by false pretences.
<hi rend="italic">Five other Counts</hi>, for obtaining other sums from other persons.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CANDY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. W. M. ST. AUBYN</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-141" type="surname" value="DENT"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-141" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER DENT</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Messrs. Gorringe, drapers, of Buckingham Palace Road—on 4th April the prisoner purchased some collars for 3s. 9d., and gave me in payment a cheque for £5, drawn by Charlotte Chalk on the Streatham Branch of the Alliance Bank—I gave him £4 16s. 3d. change—that was paid in and sent back marked "N. S."—I communicated with Stubbs' Mercantile Office—this notice purports to come from them—it is addressed to W. J. Chalk, and dated May 7th, claiming £5 and 5s. expenses—I did not see him again till he was at Bow Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was a perfect stranger; he gave his address as Streatham—the cheque was drawn in his favour—we sent to him when it came back, and had one or two letters from him, saying that he would call; but as he did not we placed it in Stubbs' hands for collection, and followed it up by a County-court summons.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-142" type="surname" value="REVILL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-142" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD REVILL</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Wade and Thurston, wine merchants, of St. Dunstan's Hill—the prisoner owed them £5 or £6—he came on May 31st and said he wished us to write £5 off his account, and as it was too late to get a cheque cashed would I accept the cheque and give him £7 in cash; I did so—it was drawn by Charlotte Chalk in favour of W. J. Chalk, on the Streatham Branch of the Alliance Bank—it was paid into the account, and returned marked "N. S."—I wrote to him and told him it was dishonoured, and he wrote this letter: "June 27th. I cannot express my regret that the cheque I gave you was returned, it should have been marked, 'effects not cleared'"—we placed the matter in the hands of our solicitor—we then received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">From the prisoner, dated June</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">stating that he would call not later than the</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and that Mrs. Chalk was out of town.</hi>)—we then received this (
<hi rend="italic">Dated June</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th stating that he called yesterday but was too late, but should he able to take up the cheque tomorrow.</hi>)—we then received a telegram postponing the appointment, as he was unavoidably detained—he did not call—on June 20th we received this letter, enclosing a cheque for £7, post-dated June 22nd, on Messrs. Twining (
<hi rend="italic">The letter stated that they could draw on the cheque on Saturday, and that his address would he Ship Hotel, Brighton</hi>)—we paid in that cheque, and it came back marked, "No effects," and the second time it was marked "Account closed"—that was on 27th June.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believeid at the time that the cheque was drawn by himself; it was drawn in his favour—I instructed Mr. Thurston, a derk, to pay him the £7—it was at 5 p. m.—he had been a customer of the firm a few months—Mr. Lewis, of Bush Lane, is the firm's solicitor; I do no think the prisoner called there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-143" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-143" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>CHARLES HENRY FROST. I</persName> </hi> am a clerk at the Alliance Bank, Streatham Branch—Charlotte E. Chalk had an account there—this is an account of it: 18s. 2d. stood to her credit on April 5th, and on that day this cheque for £5 was presented; I marked it "N. S. "; no money has been paid in since; we took our commission but of the 18s. 2d., and sent 7s. 8d. to Mrs. Chalk on June 30th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We closed the account at the half-year—on April 3rd,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290032"/>
<p>when the account was drawn, the amount to credit was £6 6s. 2d., but two cheques were paid in the interval which reduced the balance to 18s. 2d.—if those two cheques had not been paid there would have been enough and to spare—it is possible for a customer to have a small over draft if the manager pleases—Mrs. Chalk had never overdrawn.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I cannot tell the dates of the two cheques I have mentioned; we only know when they are presented; one was for £1 10s. 6d.—she would not have been allowed to overdraw to the amount of £12.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-144" type="surname" value="REES"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-144" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE REES</persName> </hi>. I am a printseller, of 115, Strand—the prisoner owed me £4, and on 13th June he called and said he came to pay an old account—I said, "Very well"—my account was £4—he said, "Have you any objection for me to draw for an extra sovereign?"—I said, "No"—he said, "You need not be frightened; I have just paid £20 into Twinings"—he drew for £5, and I gave him £1—I paid the cheque in, and it came back marked "No effects"—I crossed it; it is dated June 12th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> That was between 3 and 4 o'clock—I am five minutes' walk from Twinings—I could have sent it there—he said he had paid £27 into the bank; he did not say Twinings—I could not have misunder-stood him—I think he thought I was hesitating when he said that.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He never came back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-145" type="surname" value="MAYBEE"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-145" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>CHARLES HENRY MAYBEE</persName> </hi>. I carry on business with my father as sculptors, at Storey's Gate—the prisoner owed us £7 1s., the balance of an account, and on June 15th he called and said he had recovered from his illness, and was paying off his debts, and wished me to charge interest on the amount, as it had been standing so long, but I did not do so—he gave me a cheque for £10 on Twinings, dated June 15th—I told him he was mistaken in the balance, it was £7 1s.—I gave him the change to save him going back to his office for another cheque—I kept it in my pocket for a week, and then received this letter from him (
<hi rend="italic">Dated June</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th, stating that he had heard from Messrs. Twining that the cheque had gone back, which he deeply regretted, and he had been promised</hi> £100
<hi rend="italic">on Monday, and his address would be Old Ship Hotel, Brighton</hi>)—I paid it in again, and received it back marked "No effects."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I received the letter before I paid it in—I gave him £2 19s. change.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-146" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-146" type="given" value="GEORGE WYNAN"/>GEORGE WYNAN WALKER</persName> </hi>. I am an insurance broker, of 70, Lower Thames Street—on 19th June the prisoner called on me about some business; he was going to carry out a railway in Holland parallel to a canal—as he was leaving he said, "Oh, will you cash my cheque?"—I said, "For what amount?"—he said, "£6"—I said, "Oh yes"—he drew a cheque for £6, and I got the cash from the cashier, and gave it to him—I crossed it "Fuller and Co.," and paid it in—it came back on June 5th marked "No effects"—on June 21st I received this letter from him—I parted with my money believing the cheque was good.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There is a partner in the firm named Howard, but he was not present—I did not know the prisoner, but I had heard of him as being connected with a company—I did not know in what capacity.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-147" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-147" type="given" value="PERCY ARTHUR GILBERT"/>PERCY ARTHUR GILBERT WOOD</persName> </hi>. I am a publisher, of 175, Strand, with my father—the prisoner called on mo in June, about 6 p. m., and said he knew my father, and as it was after banking hours, would I cash a cheque for him on Messrs. Twining—my father was engaged, but I asked</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290033"/>
<p>him if I should cash it—he said, "Yes"—the prisoner drew this cheque in the office, and I gave him £2—I sent the cheque to the bank next morning, and it came back marked "No effects"—I wrote to the prisoner on the 22nd, and said I had seen Messrs. Twining, and they said that he had no account there, and my father said unless the money was paid he should take out a warrant—I then received this letter, dated June 21st—"Dear Sir,—I should like to see you as to work going on at Battersea, and will come and see you on Monday.—P. S.—I am going to Brighton to-night"—there was another letter which my father opened.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He brought the cheque-book out of his pocket at the time he asked me, and he said, "I will leave it open, so that you can cash it in the morning"—and I sent across and had it presented over the counter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-148" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-148" type="given" value="GILBERT"/>GILBERT WOOD</persName> </hi>. I am managing proprietor of the
<hi rend="italic">Architect</hi> newspaper in the Strand—my son spoke to me about the prisoner, whom I knew by repute as the secretary of a company—this cheque was paid to me, and returned marked "No effects"—about June 22nd I received this letter—(
<hi rend="italic">From the prisoner, stating that he had sent the £2 in a letter by a commissionaire, and enclosed two postal orders, and that he had drawn the cheque, understanding that</hi> £100
<hi rend="italic">had been placed to his account</hi>)—the letter contained two sovereigns, no postal orders—the letter states, "You can hand me the proceeds;" that means that I could re-present the cheque, and hand the money to him, but the cheque was at Bow Street—I swore an information there on the 24th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The £2 was delivered by the commissionaire on the Tuesday, but a warrant had then been applied for—the letter has the London post-mark, "W." or "W. C.," it is not quite clear.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-149" type="surname" value="TWINING"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-149" type="given" value="HERBERT HAYNES"/>HERBERT HAYNES TWINING</persName> </hi>. I am a banker, of 215, Strand—the prisoner came there on 13th June, and asked if he might be allowed to open an account on the strength of a letter of introduction—he had not the letter with him—he said that his friend was away ill, mentioning the name of one of our clerks, and the letter would come—he said, "Has any money been tendered in my name?"—I inquired, and said, ". No"; if money was paid to his credit we should advise him of it—he gave two addresses: "Temple Chambers" and "Streatham Common"—his signature was taken, and I handed him a book containing 36 cheques—we never got the letter of introduction, and no money was paid in—the cheques produced were all presented and marked "No effects"—about 15 cheques from this book were presented between June 13th and July 1st—£27 was not paid to his credit on 13th June by him or anyone else—the account was closed on 26th June, and we got the cheque-book back through our solicitor—this cheque for Mr. Green for £11 5s. has not been presented; the other was a blank cheque; both of them are out of the book I supplied to him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He named a customer of ours, and I knew that he was ill—that was mentioned as a reason why he had not got the letter with him—he did not ask for a cheque-book; my partner said, "Will you take a cheque-book? you do not care probably to call a second time"—both the addresses he gave were correct—the cheque-book was put down on one side of the account—we should have advised him if assets had been paid in, and so far his cheques would have been honoured—he said he was not particularly desirous of having a cheque-book then.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290034"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-150" type="surname" value="PARTRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-150" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS PARTRIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant E</hi>). On 27th June I took the prisoner on a warrant at 40, Buckleigh Road, Streatham, for obtaining £2 from Mr. Wood by false pretences—he said, "Are you aware that that money has been paid back?"—I said, "Mr. Wood told me he received a letter containing £2, after the warrant was issued"—he made no reply—I took him to Bow Street—some letters and documents were found on him, and two cheques, one blank and one for £115s. to Mr. Green, whom I know—several of the letters complained of dishonoured cheques, and in some cases proceedings had been taken in the County-court—I have seen some of the writers.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-633-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-633-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-633-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-633-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-633-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-633-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-633-18890729 t18890729-633-punishment-23"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-634">
<interp inst="t18890729-634" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-634" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-634-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-634-18890729 t18890729-634-offence-1 t18890729-634-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-634-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-634-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-634-18890729" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-634-18890729" type="surname" value="ENGERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-634-18890729" type="given" value="ADOLPHE MARCUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADOLPHE MARCUS ENGERS</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-634-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-634-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-634-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-634-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-634-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-634-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to forging and uttering a bill of exchange for £100, with intent to defraud. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-634-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-634-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-634-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-634-18890729 t18890729-634-punishment-24"/>He received a good character. Five Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">August</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-635">
<interp inst="t18890729-635" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-635" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-635-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-635-18890729 t18890729-635-offence-1 t18890729-635-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-635-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-635-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-635-18890729" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-635-18890729" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="def1-635-18890729" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK SMART</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-635-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-635-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-635-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-635-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-635-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-635-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a watch chain from the person of
<persName id="t18890729-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-153" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-153" type="given" value="STARR TIDD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-635-offence-1 t18890729-name-153"/>Starr Tidd Wood</persName>, after a conviction of felony in May, 1884. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-635-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-635-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-635-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-635-18890729 t18890729-635-punishment-25"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-636">
<interp inst="t18890729-636" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-636" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-636-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-636-18890729 t18890729-636-offence-1 t18890729-636-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-636-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-636-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-636-18890729" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-636-18890729" type="surname" value="CLEARY"/>
<interp inst="def1-636-18890729" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD CLEARY</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-636-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-636-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-636-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Unlawfully carnally knowing
<persName id="t18890729-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-155" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-155" type="given" value="ROSE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-636-offence-1 t18890729-name-155"/>Rose Clark</persName>, a girl under sixteen; two
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, for the attempt and for an indecent assault.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROOTH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. K. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-636-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-636-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-636-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-637">
<interp inst="t18890729-637" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-637" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-637-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-637-18890729 t18890729-637-offence-1 t18890729-637-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-637-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-637-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-637-18890729" type="age" value="66"/>
<interp inst="def1-637-18890729" type="surname" value="CHAFFERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-637-18890729" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER CHAFFERS</hi> (66)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-637-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-637-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-637-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, Unlawfully writing and publishing a defamatory libel.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-637-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-637-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-637-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">For other Cases tried in this Court this day, see Essex and Surrey Cases.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Friday</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">August</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-638">
<interp inst="t18890729-638" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-638" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-638-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-638-18890729 t18890729-638-offence-1 t18890729-638-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-638-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-638-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-638-18890729" type="surname" value="STEVENSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-638-18890729" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY STEVENSON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18890729-638-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-638-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-638-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing forty-seven Nests umbrella ribs and seventy umbrella ribs, of
<persName id="t18890729-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-158" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-158" type="given" value="MAURICE HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-638-offence-1 t18890729-name-158"/>Maurice Henry Barnett</persName> and others, his masters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-159" type="surname" value="LYTHEL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-159" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL LYTHEL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). After 16th May I received information concerning the prisoner and a man named Lecore, and from that time I have kept observation on the prisoner with Davidson and others—on 6th July, about 9. 20 p. m., I was with Davidson and two other officers in Chiswell Street, and saw the prisoner and Lecore coming in a direction from Beech Street; Lecore was carrying a parcel tied up with string—we followed them through several streets to 87, Hare Street, Bethnal Green, where they stopped and spoke for a minute or so; and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290035"/>
<p>then Lecore went into Mr. Sele's umbrella shop, No. 87, with the parcel, leaving the prisoner at the opposite corner—he came out in ten minutes without the parcel and joined the prisoner, and showed him something in his right hand—we crossed over and said that we were police officers—I said to the prisoner, "I believe your name is Lecore!"—he said, "Yes"—I knew him as Lecore—Davidson said, "What was in that parcel you have just taken into that shop?"—he said, "What do you mean?"—I said, "You have just come out of that umbrella shop, having taken in a parcel there; what was in it?"—Lecore said, "Umbrella ribs"—I said, "Does it belong to you?"—he said, "No; to this man, "pointing to the prisoner—I said, "What have you got in your hand?"—he said, "Oh, the money I have just got for them"—I found 2s. 9d. in his hand—we left them with the other officers, and Davidson and I went into the shop and saw Sele there, who gave us these things—they were loose then—we went back to the prisoner and Lecore, and said, "These are the ribs, we believe"—Mr. Shipley from the firm was with us—we took them both in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He said, "They are odd ones, and have accumulated from time to time; we always have two or three given over in case of breakage"—that had slipped my memoir for the minute.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-160" type="surname" value="SELE"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-160" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID SELE</persName> </hi>. I am an umbrella maker, of 80, Hare Street, Bethnal Green—on the night of 5th July Lecore brought a parcel to my shop, which I afterward showed to the police—I gave him 2s. 9d. for the ribs—both he and the prisoner were perfect strangers to me—I sell second hand umbrellas, and make second-class ones; I re-cover them—I call these ribs; they are new, but they are a job line—I want all sizes—there are three sizes here.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave him a fair price for a job lot, more than the value—these are all the same size, but the third lot are mixed—they were tied up when they were brought.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-161" type="surname" value="FAULKENER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-161" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH FAULKENER</persName> </hi>. I am sixteen years old—I entered the service of Barnett and Phillips two years and nine months ago as light porter, and the prisoner came about two months afterwards—he came to the warehouse two or three times a day—after a time I was put into the same room with Mr. Boack in the basement—he gives out the ribs, and I was his assistant—all the materials necessary for making umbrellas were sent out from that room—Stevenson came there for work—Mr. Boack books how much is given out, and when the work is brought back it is taken to the third floor and signed for, and he receives the money due to him—I have taken goods belonging to my master without his authority—the prisoner asked me to do that—on 4th July I took eleven vulcanite handles—I gave the prisoner some ribs before 4th July, but I cannot say whether these are the same—I did not enter them in any book—Mr. Boack knew nothing about my taking them—the prisoner mostly put down on a piece of paper what he wanted, and I used to give them to him when there was no one there—he gave me money for them—this was about Christmas—I gave him some a week before this case came on—he gave me 6d. a dozen for common ones, and 1s. a dozen for best—I recognised these as a half dozen set of 22-inch Nests—I saw Mr. Boack give them to the prisoner, and an entry of them was made in the book—I have heard Mr. Boack two or three times ask the prisoner to bring them back—I recognise them, and can refer, if necessary, to an entry in the book of their having been given to him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290036"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was formerly in the service of Messrs. Tomlinson, paper stainers, of Goswell Road—I was dismissed two and three-quarter years ago, not for dishonesty, but because I used to come late in the morning—I had to go there at six—Davidson was the first person who spoke to me, and I said that I knew nothing at all about it—they said, "We want the truth about Stevenson," and I went off in a faint, and when I came to I told the truth—I was not told that if I said what I knew about Stevenson I should get out of it—Lyson was there as well as Davidson.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-162" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-162" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DAVIDSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I was engaged in the matter with Lythel—I held out no inducement or threat to the boy—his master said that it would depend on his conduct whether he would be charged, but that was after he made the statement—he fainted when he was spoken to—before the statement was made we told him we were police officers, and had Stevenson in custody for robbing his employer, and the best thing he could do was to tell us the truth.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. We</hi> were in plain clothes—he never has been charged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-163" type="surname" value="BOACK"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-163" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BOACK</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Messrs. Barnett and Phillips—workpeople employed outside come to me for materials, which are booked to them, and when they come back they get what remuneration they are entitled to—the prisoner has been working for the firm for about ten years, and knew the system thoroughly—these are 22-inch Nests; they have the mark of the firm on them—these others are a commoner kind, I cannot see the mark on them, but we had similar articles in stock—there is no entry in my book of this particular quantity being given out to the prisoner—there is an entry of the other; I handed them to the prisoner when he brought his work in; I asked him for them, and he said he would bring them; I afterwards asked him again, and he said he had forgotten them—it was his duty to bring them back—he had no authority to sell them or deal with them in any way.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He and his father and grandfather have been employed by the firm about 31 years—if he did not bring back the full amount he would be debited at the end of the month—he has not been debited in any book with those which were in his hands—with every 96 ribs given out one is given over on account of breakage, and if he was careful, and did not break any he would have one over; we do not ask for it back—there is no crediting it—two men worked under him at home—40 or 50 dozen ribs a week were issued to him, and sometimes 100 dozen; it depends on the season; forty dozen is the average—sometimes we have a very busy fortnight in July—it was a very good season this spring—this is the particular bundle I issued out to him on 29th June—I identify them by our mark—he has had a great quantity of them in the last six months—it was six sets which were given out to him and never brought back—I asked him for them, but could not get them—the value is 2s. 5d.—that is what he would be debited with—he has a large quantity of the common kind issued out to him in the year—I did not miss any ribs out of stock—about two years ago he gave information to his employers about some dishonesty going on on the premises, for which he received 10s. reward from his masters.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-638-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-638-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-638-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-639">
<interp inst="t18890729-639" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-639" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-639-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-639-18890729 t18890729-639-offence-1 t18890729-639-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290037"/>
<persName id="def1-639-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-639-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-639-18890729" type="surname" value="STEVENSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-639-18890729" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY STEVENSON</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t18890729-639-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-639-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-639-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> for Unlawfully inciting
<persName id="t18890729-name-165">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-165" type="surname" value="FAULKENER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-165" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>Joseph Faulkener</persName> to rob his employers.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">No evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-639-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-639-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-639-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-640">
<interp inst="t18890729-640" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-640" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-640-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-640-18890729 t18890729-640-offence-1 t18890729-640-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-640-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-640-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-640-18890729" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-640-18890729" type="surname" value="HATTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-640-18890729" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HATTON</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-640-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-640-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-640-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18890729-name-167" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-167" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-167" type="given" value="HENRY PARKER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-640-offence-1 t18890729-name-167"/>Henry Parker Martin</persName>, and stealing a watch and part of a chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LE MAISTRE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosceuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-168" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-168" type="given" value="HENRY PARKER"/>HENRY PARKER MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I live at Constitution Hill, Gravesend, and am of no occupation—on 17th June, at 2. 15 in the afternoon, I was in York Road, Stepney—I had been collecting some rents; I saw the prisoner leaning against a wall; he lunged out towards me and struck me in the stomach with his fist—as I was falling he clutched my watch
<lb/>chain; it broke, and a piece remained in my waistcoat—he got me chain and watch and ran off—I got up as quick as I could and followed him, but I cannot run, as I am suffering from disease of the heart—he ran under a railway arch, and I lost sight of him—I valued my watch at £30, but it was worth £60—I have never seen it since—on 15th July I saw the prisoner in the dock at Arbour Square; I have not the least doubt of him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-169" type="surname" value="SANDAL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-169" type="given" value="ALBERT EDWARD"/>ALBERT EDWARD SANDAL</persName> </hi>. I live at 8, Railway Place, York Road, and work in the docks—on 17th June, at a quarter or twenty minutes past two, I was at the comer of our street and saw the prisoner and a man, not in custody—the prisoner walked towards the prosecutor and the other man stepped into the road; as the prosecutor neared the prisoner the prisoner struck him a blow in the stomach with his fist; he was about to fall, and the prisoner snatched his watch-chain and made off, with the watch peeping out of his pocket as he ran—I gave chase—he had on light lawn-tennis shoes, which make no noise—after I took his description I went back to the prosecutor—on 18th July I picked the prisoner out from eight other men at the Police-court—I am perfectly sure he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I did not tell the magistrate that I only went by the back of your trousers—that is not the coat you had on; there are no pockets in it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-170" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-170" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer H</hi>). On 17th June I received a description of the prisoner—I made inquiries, and oh the afternoon of July 13th I saw him in Redmans Road, Stepney; and as he answered the description, wearing the same coat, trousers, shoes, and hat, I took him in custody, and told him he would be charged with stealing a gold watch and chain from an old gentleman in York Road on June 10th—he said, "I don't know anything at all about it, but if I am picked out I suppose I shall have to stand to it"—I said I should give him fair play, and if he was identified he would be charged—he was placed with eight others in the reserve room—I got men as much like him as possible, and asked him if he was satisfied—he said, "Yes"—Sandal was brought in, and immediately identified him—he was then charged, and made no answer—when he was brought into the passage of the Police-court the prosecutor called me to him and said, "That is the man who stole my watch."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see you on the Saturday morning with a load of lemonade boxes, or say, "Good morning"—I did not see you three or four times a week, and say, "Good morning."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290038"/>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I know nothing at all about it—I can bring a lot of witnesses to prove that I was in bed ill at the time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-171" type="surname" value="HATTON"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-171" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>JOHN WILLIAM HATTON</persName> </hi>. I am a brother of the prisoner, and live at 43, Skidmore Street—I am a carman and manager for a greengrocer—he does not live with me—I do not remember June 17th, but the constable told me he saw him out with a horse and cart.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-640-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-640-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-640-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>* †
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at the Thames Police-court in September</hi>, 1888.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-640-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-640-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-640-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-640-18890729 t18890729-640-punishment-26"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Friday</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">August</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1889.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-641">
<interp inst="t18890729-641" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-641" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-641-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-641-18890729 t18890729-641-offence-1 t18890729-641-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-641-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-641-18890729 t18890729-641-offence-1 t18890729-641-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-641-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-641-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-641-18890729" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-641-18890729" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-641-18890729" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY KING</hi> (19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-641-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-641-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-641-18890729" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-641-18890729" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def2-641-18890729" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM RUSSELL</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-641-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-641-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-641-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18890729-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-174" type="surname" value="BELLEW"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-174" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-641-offence-1 t18890729-name-174"/>Arthur John Bellew</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SANDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-175" type="surname" value="HEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-175" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD HEAD</persName> </hi>. I live at Chapel House, Holloway Road, and am ground-keeper of the Chapel of Ease—Chapel Road is at the back of a row of houses in Holloway Road—about 2 a. m. on Wednesday, 17th July, I was awoke by my dog barking—I got up and went down, I saw nothing; I heard two or more men running along the top of the roof of my shed, which is my back premises—it is situated close to the churchyard—I got out; I heard two or more men jump off the roof and run in the direction of Liverpool Road—I put on my things—a police inspector and a policeman arrived, and we searched the grounds—I found King secreted behind the shrubs against the wall of the chapel—he said he just came to do a nap—the policeman took him to the station—about 9 a. m. I examined a tree right against the chapel at the Liverpool Road end, and near it I found
<hi rend="italic">a jemmy</hi>, which I handed over to the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-176" type="surname" value="HOLLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-176" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HOLLAND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 244). I was on duty at 2. 5 a. m. on 17th in the Liverpool Road, opposite the chapel—my attention was attracted by the breaking of the bough of a tree just over the churchyard, close to the prosecutor's house—I was going to cross the road when Russell jumped over the churchyard wall—as soon as he heard me he ran away—I was in uniform; I ran after him, blowing my whistle—I and another constable caught him, and he was taken to the station—he said he had been over the wall to ease himself—the wall is about twelve feet high—I went back with the inspector and searched the ground—we found King concealed under a bush—I asked him what he was doing—he said he had gone there for a sleep; he had got no home—I searched him at the station, and found on him a pocket-knife, a latchkey, and a box of matches—I examined the premises with the inspector.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-177" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-177" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES YOUNG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector Y</hi>). On Wednesday, 17th, I searched the churchyard with Holland, and found King—I afterwards searched the back of the house, 113, Holloway Road—I found the area window open—the shutters were forced, and this brick was wedged between the shutters—I roused the inmates, who came down and searched—nothing had been stolen—afterwards Head gave me this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi>, and I found the marks on the shutters were of exactly the size of both ends of the
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi>—a hand must have been put inside to undo the shutter bar.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-178" type="surname" value="BELLEW"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-178" type="given" value="ARTHUR JOHN"/>ARTHUR JOHN BELLEW</persName> </hi>. I live at 113, Holloway Road, and occupy the upper part of the basement of the house—my back yard is connected with the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290039"/>
<p>churchyard—when I went to bed on the night of the 16th July the servant locked up the house; I know it was locked up—the kitchen was looked up securely—the windows were all closed—next morning I was called up about five—I found police officers in the garden; they called my attention to the windows, which had been opened, and a brick inserted between the shutters—the window opens upon the area, which is lower than and adjoins the garden, which adjoins the churchyard—on the opposite side of the churchyard, 200 yards from my house, is a lofty wall—the brick had been used to stand irons on in front of my fire, and was left on the window-sill—nothing had been disturbed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. YOUNG</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>). The catch of the window must have been pushed back with a pocket-knife, the window opened, and then the shutters, which are inside the window, opened—there is a gate 12 feet high to the churchyard; I had difficulty in getting over it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">King, in his defence, said that he went into the churchyard to sleep</hi>;
<hi rend="italic">Russell said he went there for a natural purpose.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-641-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-641-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-641-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">King then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**†
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in September</hi>, 1887,
<hi rend="italic">and Russell † to one in September</hi>, 1888.—
<hi rend="largeCaps">KING</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-641-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-641-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-641-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-641-18890729 t18890729-641-punishment-27"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>;
<hi rend="largeCaps">RUSSELL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-641-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-641-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-641-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-641-18890729 t18890729-641-punishment-28"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-642">
<interp inst="t18890729-642" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-642" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-642-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-642-18890729 t18890729-642-offence-1 t18890729-642-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-642-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-642-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-642-18890729" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-642-18890729" type="surname" value="CRESSWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-642-18890729" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD CRESSWELL</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-642-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-642-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-642-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Unlawfully committing an act of gross indecency with
<persName id="t18890729-name-180" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-180" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-180" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-642-offence-1 t18890729-name-180"/>Harry Fletcher</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, Indecent assault on
<persName id="t18890729-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-181" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-181" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-642-offence-1 t18890729-name-181"/>Harry Fletcher</persName>, a boy under thirteen years.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURRELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-642-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-642-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-642-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-643">
<interp inst="t18890729-643" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-643" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-643-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-643-18890729 t18890729-643-offence-1 t18890729-643-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-643-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-643-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-643-18890729" type="surname" value="LIPMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-643-18890729" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL LIPMAN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18890729-643-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-643-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-643-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t18890729-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-183" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-183" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-643-offence-1 t18890729-name-183"/>William Wells</persName> 1s. by false pretences, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TURRELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">After the commencement of the case the Common Serjeant said that proof of exaggeration was not sufficient to make out the case. The Jury thereupon said they were satisfied it was only a case of exaggeration, and found the prisoner</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18890729-643-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-643-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-643-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="fault"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-644">
<interp inst="t18890729-644" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-644" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-644-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-644-18890729 t18890729-644-offence-1 t18890729-644-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-644-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-644-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-644-18890729" type="surname" value="FIFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-644-18890729" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL FIFORD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18890729-644-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-644-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-644-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, Unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t18890729-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-185" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-185" type="surname" value="FREWITT"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-185" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-644-offence-1 t18890729-name-185"/>Sarah Frewitt</persName>, with intent, &c.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi> for an Indecent assault.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi>
<rs id="t18890729-644-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-644-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-644-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Second Count.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18890729-644-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-644-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-644-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-644-18890729 t18890729-644-punishment-29"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ESSEX CASES</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Wills.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18890729-645">
<interp inst="t18890729-645" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18890729"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-645" type="date" value="18890729"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18890729-645-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-645-18890729 t18890729-645-offence-1 t18890729-645-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-645-18890729" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-645-18890729" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-645-18890729" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-645-18890729" type="surname" value="DELAFORCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-645-18890729" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY DELAFORCE</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t18890729-645-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18890729-645-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-645-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18890729-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-187" type="surname" value="WADWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-187" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18890729-645-offence-1 t18890729-name-187"/>Henry Wadwell</persName>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OGLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-188" type="surname" value="WADWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-188" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WADWELL</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at Staines Cottages, Barkingside, Ilford—on Wednesday, between eight and nine, I was standing in the Birkbeck Road, about eighteen yards from the Horns public-house, with Adam Wood, Felix Wood, Daniel O'Brien, and George Wenn—the prisoner's son was in his garden—something was said to him by some of us lads; after that the prisoner came from the skittle ground and said, "If you don't shift I'll shoot you"—he then went back</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188907290040"/>
<p>round the skittle-alley—I went about six yards away; the others stopped there—in about four or five minutes the prisoner came back—I did not see him do anything, I was looking up the road talking to two young women about eighteen yards from the prisoner; I felt something hit me on the right arm; I staggered and fell down—I was picked up by a woman and taken home, and then to the hospital, and was there five weeks all but three days—I have known the prisoner about twelve months as landlord of the Horns—there has always been good feeling between us.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was just getting dark at this time—the boys were chaffing young Delaforce about his pigeons—I used to go to the Horns sometimes, not as a regular customer—I knew young Delaforce as a comrade—there were about twenty of us boys there about my own age—we were not throwing stones at the pigeons; they were not out at the time—the prisoner came out and told us to go away; I went, the others did not—he was then about six yards away—he only told us to go away, he did not give any reason—we were not making much noise, only talking to the boy—when the prisoner came out again I was four or five yards from the others, talking to the young women—the others were standing at the side of the fence—I did not hear the report—I felt the wound.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-189" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-189" type="given" value="ADAM"/>ADAM WOOD</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer at Ilford—I was near the Horns, in company with Wadwell and others—young Delaforce was in the garden; we were chaffiing him, and he went and told his father, and he came out and told us to shift—we refused to do so—we were standing against the fence on the path; he stood at the comer of the skittle-alley, about fifteen yards from us—he then went round the comer of the skittle-alley, and we lost sight of him—in about three minutes he came back; he had a revolver in his right hand—we were not near enough to see what it was, but he held it in his hand, and pointed it straight towards us and fired—there were a rare lot of lads standing in the road—I saw a flash and heard the report—we were about fifteen yards from him then, as near as I could guess; Wadwell was about three or four yards from us—I saw him fall, and get up again and stagger three yards, and then fall again—he was picked up by two women and taken home—we ran and told Constable Gurr.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not hear the prisoner say, "I wish it was not so far from the station, and I should be able to get the police to send you away"—we were not making much noise; we were chaffing his son—it was getting dark—the first time he came out he told us to shift—he did not say anything the second time—he stood at the comer of the skittle-alley and fired—I can't say who he aimed at.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-190" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-190" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL O'BRIEN</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live in Birkbeck Road, Barkingside—I was with the other lads outside the Horns—there had been some chaffing going on with young Delaforce—he went in and told his father—the prisoner came out and said, "Are you going to shift?"—I said, "No"—we were standing on the path, not on his premises at all; we never shifted—he went inside, and came back and said, "Are you going to shift?"—we said, "No"—he said, "If you don't shift I will make you"—I saw him pull the trigger once—I could not say whether it was a revolver or a pistol—it was in his right had; I saw something shine—I heard a report—he fired through the lot of us—I saw Wadwell</p>
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<p>fall; a woman picked him up—he was standing out in the road, and we were standing behind him, on one side.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-191" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-191" type="given" value="FELIX"/>FELIX WOOD</persName> </hi>. I live at Ilford—I was with the other lads outside the Horns—after chaffing young Delaforce, his father came out and said, "Will you shift?"—Wadwell walked out of the road—the prisoner said, "If you don't shift I will shoot you," and he disappeared somewhere—I saw him come to the comer of the skittle-alley in three or four minutes afterwards—he was about fifteen or sixteen yards from us—he did not say anything then; he immediately fired—I saw something glitter in his hand, and I saw Wadwell fall—I was standing with the others at the time—we went and fetched the constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-192" type="surname" value="WENN"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-192" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WENN</persName> </hi>. I was with the other lads outside the Horns—I saw the prisoner come out—he said, "Shift, or else I'll——"—he went back and returned—I saw he had something in his hand—I could not swear whether it was a revolver or a pistol—he said nothing then—he fired, and I saw Wadwell fall.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-193" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-193" type="given" value="ERNEST JAMES"/>ERNEST JAMES REYNOLDS</persName> </hi>. I am a M. R. C. S. and L. C. P.—I was house surgeon at the London Hospital on 26th June when the prosecutor was brought there—he was suffering from a bullet wound entering the thorax through the inside of the arm—he was exceedingly faint, collapsed—it was a serious wound—he was in a somewhat dangerous condition for three days; since then he has steadily progressed towards recovery; he is quite out of danger now, but the bullet is still unextracted, and will remain so—that would be dangerous if he got ill, not otherwise—the wound might be caused by a bullet from a pistol like the one produced.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18890729-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18890729-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-194" type="surname" value="GURR"/>
<interp inst="t18890729-name-194" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GURR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman J</hi> 71). I am stationed at Barkingside—on the evening of 26th June, about half-past nine, I was at home off duty—the four lads came to me—from what they told me I went to Wadwell's home, and saw him there lying on a sofa—from thence I went to the Horns, and saw the prisoner in the back parlour; he was very much agitated, but quite sober—I said, "You are accused of shooting Henry Wadwell"—he said, "Of what?"—I said, "Of shooting Henry Wadwell"—he said, "What with?"—I said, "They say with a revolver"—he said, "I have got no revolver, but a toy pistol belonging to my boy"—he told his boy to go and fetch it, and the boy brought this to me (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it goes by a spring, and darts are shot out of it; it does not go off with gunpowder—he handed me the darts as well—I told him I should take him to the police-station, and I did so—I afterwards searched his premises, but found nothing—on the 29th June, while I was taking him to Holloway, he said he wanted to speak to me—I said if he said anything to me touching the case it would be used against him—he then said, "What I wanted to tell you was where to find the revolver, that's what it was done with, and not the toy pistol I told you at the time; but on hearing what I had done I was so terrified, and in my fright I told you it was the toy I had done it with; you will find the revolver between the w. c. and the urinal, under the tiles and slates, where I put it in my fright"—I took that down in writing, and after he signed it he said, "I am sorry I did not tell you the truth at the time, as I never intended to injure anyone, only to frighten them"—I went in search of the revolver, but did not find it at the place he mentioned—he had previously said, "If you don't find it there, speak to my boy"—I did so, and in consequence of what he told me I found it in a pond about a mile and a</p>
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<p>quarter from the house—there was one empty cartridge case in it, and the hammer was down upon it; the rest of the chambers were not loaded.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am stationed in the neighbourhood where the prisoner lives—he has been at the Horns about two years—I always looked upon him as a respectable man—there is very often trouble with a large number of youths assembling and creating disturbance in that neighbourhood, and not only licensed victuallers, but business people have trouble with them—I know all these youths as boys about the place—the prisoner has complained to me of the difficulty in carrying on his business in consequence of disturbances by youths—the police-station is about a mile from his house.</p