<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Including cases committed to this Court under Order in Council pursuant to the Winter Assize Act of 1879.</p>
<p>Held on Monday, December 10th, 1888, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-1" type="surname" value="WHITEHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WHITEHEAD</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">ESQ</hi>.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-2" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-2" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-3" type="surname" value="LUSK"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-3" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW LUSK</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-4" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-4" type="given" value="FRANCIS WYATT"/>FRANCIS WYATT TRUSCOTT</persName> </hi>, Knt., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-5" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-5" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Bart., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-6" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-6" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., Recorder of the City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-7" type="surname" value="ISAACS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-7" type="given" value="HENRY AARON"/>HENRY AARON ISAACS</persName> </hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-8" type="surname" value="COWAN"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-8" type="given" value="PHINEAS"/>PHINEAS COWAN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-9" type="surname" value="KNILL"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-9" type="given" value="STUART"/>STUART KNILL</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<persName id="t18881210-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-10" type="surname" value="RENALS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-10" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH RENALS</hi> </persName>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-11" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-11" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., D.C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18881210-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-12" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-12" type="given" value="EDWARD JAMES"/>EDWARD JAMES GRAY</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-13" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-13" type="given" value="ALFRED JAMES"/>ALFRED JAMES NEWTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<persName id="t18881210-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-14" type="surname" value="METCALFE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-14" type="given" value="FREDERICK KYNASTON"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK KYNASTON METCALFE</hi> </persName>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-15" type="surname" value="HALSE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-15" type="given" value="CLARENCE RICHARD"/>CLARENCE RICHARD HALSE</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHITEHEAD, MAYOR. SECOND SESSION.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1888.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER WRIGHT</hi> </persName> was indicted
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<interp inst="t18881210-76-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> for stealing a bill of exchange for £30 of
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<interp inst="t18881210-name-17" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-76-offence-1 t18881210-name-17"/>William Norman White</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GILL</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prosecutor in this case was introduced to the prisoner for the purpose of discounting an accommodation bill. He (prisoner) drew a bill, which the prosecutor accepted and handed to the prisoner, who got it cashed and retained the money.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prisoner, submitted that under circumstances there was no larceny, that the prisoner was a beneficial owner of the bill, and had a perfect right to turn it into cash; and, having done so, he could not be charged as a bailee of the money; there was no breach of the contract of bailment; it was merely a debt, and a matter for civil proceedings as between the parties.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, contended that the prisoner had no ownership in the property; at the time he received the bill he gave a receipt for it, undertaking to return the bill or cash within a week, which he did not; it was a question for the jury whether the prisoner was not entrusted with the bill for a specific purpose, and he argued that an act of larceny was committed at the time the prisoner parted with the bill, and got money on it, which he retained.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was of opinion that, unless it was shown that the prisoner had a felonious intent at the time he parted with the bill, it would not amount to a felony, as in parting with the bill he only acted upon his instructions from the prosecutor—he therefore held that the objection taken was a fatal one, and directed a verdict of.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18881210-76-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT GIGNER</hi> </persName>, Conspiring with
<persName id="def2-77-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-77-18881210" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-77-18881210" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE FROST</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18881210-77-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-77-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-77-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> and another to defraud certain persons. (See Vol. cviii., page 724.)</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MEAD</hi> for the prosecution offered no evidence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-77-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
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<interp inst="t18881210-77-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-78-18881210" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-78-18881210" type="surname" value="CREASEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-78-18881210" type="given" value="EDWARD GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD GEORGE CREASEY</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-78-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-78-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-78-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from
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<interp inst="t18881210-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-21" type="surname" value="BATCHELOR"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-21" type="given" value="DAVID SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-21" type="occupation" value="miller and corndealer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-78-offence-1 t18881210-name-21"/>David Shaw Batchelor</persName> two sets of harness, and from
<persName id="t18881210-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-22" type="surname" value="BECKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-22" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-78-offence-1 t18881210-name-22"/>Joseph Beckett</persName> thirty baskets of plums, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SYMONS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-23" type="surname" value="BATCHELOR"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-23" type="given" value="DAVID SHAW"/>DAVID SHAW BATCHELOR</persName> </hi>. I am a miller and corndealer, of 117, South Street, Greenwich—I put this advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar, Exchange, and Mart</hi> on 10th September. (
<hi rend="italic">This offered two sets of harness.</hi>) I received this letter in answer on September 13th. (
<hi rend="italic">This had a printed heading: "Telegraphic address, Creasey, Barnsley</hi>—21,
<hi rend="italic">May-day Green, Barnsley. Memorandum from Edward G. Creasey, Wholesale Potato, Fruit, and Poultry Merchant.</hi> "
<hi rend="italic">It offered</hi> 85
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">for set of silver-plated harness; money to be remitted on receipt of harness, and added that he could do with another set.</hi>) On receipt of that I sent on 14th September to that address the two sets of silverplated harness, with this letter, saying the two sets of harness were at £8 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—no money came back, nor did the harness—I made repeated application for the money or return of the goods, and not receiving either, I communicated with the Barnsley police, and they wrote back that the prisoner had just come out of prison after six months—on 8th October Sergeant Parker showed me my harness at Greenwich Police-station; I recognised both sets as mine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I never go by the name of W. Baker Batchelor—I have no brother of that name—I do not know that the letters to the prisoner were signed so; I know nothing of W. Baker Batchelor—the prisoner was arrested on 28th September—he sent a postcard, saying he would come to settle—it was sooner than 2nd October; I would not be certain of the date—I would not swear it was not 2nd October.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-24" type="surname" value="KAY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-24" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES KAY</persName> </hi>. I am a greengrocer at Sheffield Road, Barnsley—I know the prisoner—on 17th September he told me he had been to Sheffield and bought a set of harness which would just about fit my pony—he asked me to go down and look at it—I did so on the 21st, and agreed to purchase it for £2—I gave him £2 and he gave me this receipt on a piece of paper from which he tore the printed heading "Creasey, Wholesale Potato Merchant," similar to the heading on that letter—on the 29th I handed the harness to Sergeant Parker—21, May-day Green is a cottage house—no wholesale business is carried on there—Mrs. Sarah Rose lives there; she has a stall in the market—the prisoner never stood in the wholesale market at Barnsley.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen the prisoner and another man with a cart doing business in the fruit trade—he once sold me a stone of plums at the shop-door—I know Allen, Springthorpe, Hayes, Allice—they are fruiterers in a respectable way of business, living at Barnsley—the prisoner has had dealings with them in fruit for the last three months about—he had no stand in the market opposite Allen's corner on market day—I have seen him with Sarah Rose at her stall—he has been living with her as her husband—she has had a greengrocer's business all her life; it is a good business—I have not seen the prisoner at her stall—I</p>
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<p>don't know that he paid 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week for a stable, where he stowed his goods—I have not heard it—he had a riding-saddle with him; it was not that he referred to as coming from Sheffield—I have not paid him several pounds; I have paid him a few shillings about twice—I thought £2 was a fair price for the harness, it was not new—there are a number of people who do good business at stalls in the market who have no warehouse, but simply a private address to which letters could be written—Mrs. Rose has no warehouse.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When it is not market day Mrs. Rose carries her stock for the day in a basket; on market days she has a stall in the market.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-25" type="surname" value="BECKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-25" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BECKETT</persName> </hi>. I am a fruit salesman in Covent Garden Market—on 27th September I received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">This was headed in the same way, dated from</hi> 21,
<hi rend="italic">May-day Green, and asked to be supplied three times a week with fruit of all kinds; reference to be sent if required. It requested</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">baskets of plums to be sent on Saturday t for which a cheque would be sent on receipt.</hi>) I replied asking him for a London reference—the next morning, September 28th, I got this letter, saying that he could not send a London reference, but that he would send a Manchester one, and asking for goods three times a week—expecting the reference to arrive, I sent him goods and this invoice, goods £4 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the empties, £5 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—those were sent on the representations contained that letter—I believed he was a wholesale fruit merchant carrying on business at 21, May-day Green, Barnsley, or I should not have sent them—I believed he would do a large trade with me, and would pay me by cheque every morning—after the goods were sent I received a communication from the police—my plums were sold at Barnsley by the police on my order.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The Manchester reference never came—I parted with the goods before I got it, because he wanted them particularly for Saturday—he ordered twenty baskets of plums of two kinds, I sent him thirty—he was arrested going to the station to get my plums; I did not expect to be paid for them before he got them—I don't know that many people give their private addresses as their warehouses—I took it that 21, Mayday Green was his warehouse from the memorandum.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-26" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-26" type="given" value="JOSEPH THOMAS"/>JOSEPH THOMAS PARKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant West Riding Constabulary</hi>). I am stationed at Barnsley—on 28th September I saw the prisoner at the Midland Railway Station, Barnsley—as soon as he saw me he ran away—I chased him about a quarter of a mile—he rushed into a house in Gasnook and slammed the door to, and tried to fasten it, but I was so close to him that I forced it open before he could do so—I got into the house and got hold of him—I told him I wanted him on a warrant—he seized me by the throat and said, "You b——, you shall never take me"—he forced me against the wall, and we had a severe struggle—assistance came, and I took him to the Police-station—on the way there he said, "What is this warrant about?"—I told him it was respecting the harness he got from Greenwich—he said, "I never got any harness from Greenwich"—I afterwards searched his lodgings at 21, May-day Green—I found this telegram and this paper, a great quantity of bill-heads similar to the one produced, and several copies of the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar, Exchange, and Mart</hi>—I searched an unoccupied house rented by a widow—under some boards there I found some harness—I also found some at Green and Barber's, the auctioneers, and Mr. Kay produced a set of harness—Mr.</p>
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<p>Batchelor has since identified it all—I have known the prisoner from March to December, 1887, and from June to the time of his arrest this year—he is not a wholesale greengrocer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> A few people who carry on business as stallholders at the Barnsley Market have no shops—the prisoner has been living with Mrs. Rose as her husband—she has been in that kind of business ever since I have been there, four years—she principally goes round to the villages outside Barnsley with a basket—I am more frequently in the market than Kay is; Kay is in business himself—the stallholders must have an address on their receipts and billheads, and a telegraphic address very seldom—the prisoner was not in the slightest under the influence of drink.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have seen the prisoner write—these three billheads are in his writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-27" type="surname" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-27" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS FRANCIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant R</hi>). I took the prisoner over from the last witness—I told him I had a warrant for obtaining two sets of harness from Mr. Batchelor, of South Street, Greenwich, and I showed him the harness—he said, "Those two sets there; that is one of the sets, and the other set don't belong to him"—Kay's set was not there then; he meant by the set that did not belong to him, the set that Parker had recovered—I said to him, "If you tell us where the other set is (you need not tell us unless you like) it will save us a deal of trouble"—he said, "I have sold them to a man named Kay"—and he gave Sergeant Parker the address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-28" type="surname" value="TIDSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-28" type="given" value="AARON"/>AARON TIDSWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant, West Riding Constabulary</hi>). On 28th September I saw some fruit addressed to Creasy, 21, May-day Green, arrive at the Midland Railway Station—I stopped the fruit, and communicated with Mr. Beckett, and had it sold the following morning by his direction—I have known the prisoner about two years—he has not carried on business during that time anywhere as wholesale fruit merchant or as fruit merchant at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen him selling fruit in the market, and when he has seen me he has run away and left it—people who sell rags and bones can call themselves rag and bone merchants, and people who sell oranges can call themselves fruit merchants—I know the prisoner has been living with Mrs. Rose; she has been in the fruit business for a long time in a small way—I have known her between three and four years—I am told she has been engaged all her life in that business.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I am not guilty."</p>
<p>J. T.
<hi rend="smallCaps">PARKER</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRITH</hi>). I found no letters from Mr. Batchelor to the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-78-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-78-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-78-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a Conviction of obtaining goods by false pretences in January</hi>, 1888,
<hi rend="italic">at Wakefield.</hi> </p>
<p>Sergeant Parker said that since the prisoner's arrest eleven other similar cases had been traced against the prisoner.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18881210-78-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-78-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-78-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-78-18881210 t18881210-78-punishment-1"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-79">
<interp inst="t18881210-79" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-79" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-79-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-79-18881210 t18881210-79-offence-1 t18881210-79-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-79-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-79-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-79-18881210" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-79-18881210" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-79-18881210" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WRIGHT</hi> (19)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-79-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-79-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-79-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18881210-79-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-79-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-79-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to unlawfully committing a common law forgery; and also to obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18881210-name-30" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-30" type="surname" value="NOWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-30" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-79-offence-1 t18881210-name-30"/>William Nowland</persName> 7 coins with intent to defraud, and attempting to obtain money from
<persName id="t18881210-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-31" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-31" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-79-offence-1 t18881210-name-31"/>William George Price</persName></rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18881210-79-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-79-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-79-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-79-18881210 t18881210-79-punishment-2"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-80">
<interp inst="t18881210-80" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-80" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-80-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-80-18881210 t18881210-80-offence-1 t18881210-80-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-80-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-80-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18881210" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18881210" type="surname" value="NYE"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18881210" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES NYE</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-80-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-80-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-80-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> to obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18881210-name-33" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-33" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-33" type="surname" value="BAXTER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-33" type="given" value="EMMELINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-80-offence-1 t18881210-name-33"/>Emmeline Baxter</persName> a brooch and chain, and from
<persName id="t18881210-name-34" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-34" type="surname" value="WINFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-34" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-80-offence-1 t18881210-name-34"/>Frederick Winfield</persName> a gold watch, with intent to defraud, also to stealing a gold watch.—</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-80-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-80-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-80-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-80-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-80-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-80-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-80-18881210 t18881210-80-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-81">
<interp inst="t18881210-81" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-81" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-81-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-81-18881210 t18881210-81-offence-1 t18881210-81-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100007"/>
<persName id="def1-81-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-81-18881210" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-81-18881210" type="surname" value="NEAL"/>
<interp inst="def1-81-18881210" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH NEAL</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18881210-81-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-81-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-81-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-81-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-81-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-81-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to forging and uttering an order for the payment of £5.—</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-81-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-81-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-81-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-81-18881210 t18881210-81-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two Days' Imprisonment</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-82">
<interp inst="t18881210-82" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-82" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-82-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-82-18881210 t18881210-82-offence-1 t18881210-82-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-82-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-82-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18881210" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18881210" type="surname" value="SHEARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18881210" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES SHEARD</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-82-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-82-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-82-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-82-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-82-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-82-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> to breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t18881210-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-37" type="surname" value="PHILIP"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-37" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-82-offence-1 t18881210-name-37"/>George Philip</persName> with intent to steal therein, and also to stealing eleven printed books and maps, the goods of
<persName id="t18881210-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-38" type="surname" value="PHILIP"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-38" type="given" value="GERALD STANLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-82-offence-1 t18881210-name-38"/>Gerald Stanley Philip</persName> and others, his masters.—</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-82-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-82-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-82-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-82-18881210 t18881210-82-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-83">
<interp inst="t18881210-83" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-83" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-83-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-83-18881210 t18881210-83-offence-1 t18881210-83-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-83-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-83-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18881210" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18881210" type="surname" value="GIBBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18881210" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS GIBBS</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-83-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-83-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-83-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-83-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-83-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-83-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to marrying
<persName id="t18881210-name-40">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-40" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-40" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-40" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>Elizabeth Nicholls</persName>, his wife being then alive.—</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-83-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-83-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-83-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-83-18881210 t18881210-83-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-84">
<interp inst="t18881210-84" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-84" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-84-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-84-18881210 t18881210-84-offence-1 t18881210-84-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-84-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-84-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18881210" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18881210" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18881210" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SULLIVAN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-84-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-84-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-84-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-84-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-84-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-84-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18881210-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-42" type="surname" value="SKEEL"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-42" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-84-offence-1 t18881210-name-42"/>Henry Skeel</persName>, with intent to steal therein, and to a conviction of felony in May, 1887.—</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-84-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-84-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-84-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-84-18881210 t18881210-84-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-10">
<interp inst="t18881210-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-10" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18881210 t18881210-10-offence-1 t18881210-10-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-10-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-18881210" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18881210" type="surname" value="ARNDT"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18881210" type="given" value="MARIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARIA ARNDT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18881210-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to marrying
<persName id="t18881210-name-44">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-44" type="surname" value="EHLERT"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-44" type="given" value="HENRI"/>Henri Ehlert</persName>, her husband being then alive.—</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-10-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-10-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-10-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18881210 t18881210-10-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">One Day's Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-86">
<interp inst="t18881210-86" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-86" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-86-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-86-18881210 t18881210-86-offence-1 t18881210-86-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-86-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-86-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-86-18881210" type="surname" value="DICKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-86-18881210" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT DICKSON</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t18881210-86-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-86-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-86-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>Unlawfully writing and publishing a false and defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18881210-name-46" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-46" type="surname" value="WINKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-46" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-86-offence-1 t18881210-name-46"/>Walter Winkler</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAWLESS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">At the conclusion of the evidence of the Prosecutor, the prisoner said in the hearing of the Jury that he did not deny that the postcard which formed the subject of the libel was in his writing, and thereupon the Jury found him</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-86-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-86-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-86-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. —
<rs id="t18881210-86-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-86-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-86-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-86-18881210 t18881210-86-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on recognisances to be of good behaviour and keep the peace for Twelve Months.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 10, 1888.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-87">
<interp inst="t18881210-87" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-87" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-87-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-87-18881210 t18881210-87-offence-1 t18881210-87-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-87-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-87-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18881210" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18881210" type="surname" value="WHITTINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18881210" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WHITTINGTON</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-87-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-87-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-87-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HALL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-48" type="surname" value="BRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-48" type="given" value="WALTER WILLIAM"/>WALTER WILLIAM BRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am a costermonger of the City Road—I am committed for trial on another charge (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 99)—on Wednesday night, November 28, I saw the prisoner in Central Street, St. Luke's—he had lodged with me, and owed me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I asked him for it—he said, "I can't pay you all now; in fact, I do not know how to spare any"—I said, "I am short of my stock"—he said, "If you will give me 18
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. I will give you 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>."—I gave him 18
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper, and he gave me this florin, which turned out bad—I kept it in my pocket, and next morning went to the gas factory and put it down with other money for four sacks of coke and it was returned to me marked with black pencil—I saw the prisoner in Stamford Street on the following Saturday, and when he saw me he ran away; I ran after him, caught mm, and told him he had done a nice thing, he had nearly got me locked up by giving me a bad florin—he said that he never gave it to me—I said, "If you never gave it to me how could I get it? I had no money in my pocket but a shilling." I gave him in charge with the coin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> On the Wednesday night a chap called me out of my uncle's office and said, "There goes Dick"; you are known as Dick—you were walking then—I ran after you and caught you and you gave me the coin outside the grocer's—when I saw you on the Saturday you ran away before I said anything about the florin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-49" type="surname" value="MONTEITH"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-49" type="given" value="THOMAS RUTHERFORD"/>THOMAS RUTHERFORD MONTEITH</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to the Gas Light and Coke Company—at the end of November, Bright tendered me a bad florin—I rejected it, and marked it with a caustic pencil.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100008"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-50" type="surname" value="WITHERS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-50" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WITHERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 135). On Saturday, December 1, about 10.30 a.m., the prosecutor gave the prisoner into my custody in Central Street, St. Luke's, for passing a bad florin—he said, "We have both done a
<hi rend="italic">stretch</hi> together, and I might as well pass it off on him as on anybody else"—I took him to the station—a
<hi rend="italic">stretch</hi> is 12 months—he was charged, but did not attempt to explain how he got the florin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-51" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-51" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MCCARTHY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 385). I was on duty at Old Street Station when the prisoner was brought in—I saw him throw what appeared to be a piece of paper under his seat—I picked it up, it contained what I believe to be a bad shilling; this is it—he was charged with having it in his possession, and made no answer—I gave it to an inspector who is not here, and it was marked in the presence of another inspector—he afterwards said that it dropped from his pocket, and that he got it in Covent Garden Market for carrying some turnips.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-52" type="surname" value="BURNSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-52" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BURNSHAW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-Inspector G</hi>). This shilling was handed to me; it is marked—I did not see it drop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-53" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-53" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to the Mint; this florin and shilling are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I never said to the policeman that the prosecutor and I had done a
<hi rend="italic">stretch</hi> together, and that I might as well pass the coin to him as to any one else. The shilling I took that morning in Covent Garden Market."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I never gave him the florin at all. I received the shilling for carrying turnips and gave 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change. I found it was bad, and put it in my coat pocket away from other money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-87-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-87-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-87-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a Conviction of housebreaking, at Clerkenwell on</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th October,</hi> 1887.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18881210-87-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-87-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-87-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-87-18881210 t18881210-87-punishment-10"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-88">
<interp inst="t18881210-88" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-88" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-88-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-88-18881210 t18881210-88-offence-1 t18881210-88-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-88-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-88-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-88-18881210" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-88-18881210" type="surname" value="COLLIER"/>
<interp inst="def1-88-18881210" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE COLLIER</hi> (50)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-88-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-88-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-88-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-55" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-55" type="surname" value="ROWBOTTOM"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-55" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA ROWBOTTOM</persName> </hi>. I am a waitress at Mrs. Nicholls' coffee rooms, Covent Garden—on 12th November I served the prisoner with a cup of tea and a slice of bread and butter, price 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and he gave me a half-crown—I took it to Mrs. Nicholls, and then went back to the prisoner and said, "The money is bad"—he said, "I have not any more on me"—Mrs. Nicholls told him he had better be off, and he went out without eating the bread or drinking the tea or receiving the change—the boy went after him, and I followed, and saw the boy stop him—I told him he had better come back, and he walked back with the boy—my mistress then asked him what he meant by it; he said that he had no more money on him—a constable came and took him—this is the coin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-56" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-56" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-56" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>REBECCA NICHOLLS</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Adelphi Coffee Rooms, Maiden Lane—on 12th November the last witness brought me a half-crown for change—I found it was bad, went to the prisoner and said, "What have you given me here? this is not right; give me something else instead of this; this won't do"—he said, "Let me look at it?"—I said, "It does not require looking at"—he said, "Is not it good?"—I said, "It is not; have you anything else?"—he said, "No; I have not another penny on me"—I took the bread and butter from him, which he had just commenced, and said, "You had better
<hi rend="italic">clear</hi>"—he left, and I sent the boy out, who brought him back—a constable came, who took the coin from me—I am certain it was the same.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100009"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-57" type="surname" value="CAST"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CAST</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 374). On 12th November, about 9.45 p.m., I was on duty in Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, and saw the prisoner come out of No. 11, a coffee house, and run towards Southampton Street, followed by a boy from the shop and the witness Rowbottom—the boy took him back, holding him by his arm. I followed about three yards behind, went into the shop, and said, "What is the matter?" Mrs. Nicholls said "This man obtained refreshment, aud tendered this bad half-crown"—I asked the prisoner where he got it; he said that he received it for labour which he had done in Fleet Street, and did not know it was bad. I asked prisoner if he could tell me who he received it from or show me the place. He said "No"—Mrs. Nicholls refused to charge him, but I took him to the station, the charge was read over to him; he made no reply, but said he had no address. I found nothing on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-58" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-58" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to the Mint; this half-crown is counterfeit.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I earned the coin the same day for carrying luggage.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-88-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-88-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-88-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a Conviction at this Court on September</hi> 12, 1887,
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.—
<rs id="t18881210-88-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-88-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-88-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-88-18881210 t18881210-88-punishment-11"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, December</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1888.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-89">
<interp inst="t18881210-89" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-89" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-89-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-89-18881210 t18881210-89-offence-1 t18881210-89-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-89-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-89-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18881210" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18881210" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18881210" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WESTON</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-89-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-89-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-89-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing a coat of
<persName id="t18881210-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-60" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-60" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-60" type="occupation" value="pork butcher"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-89-offence-1 t18881210-name-60"/>Charles Shaw</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-61" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-61" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-61" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN SHAW</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Charles Shaw, a pork sausage maker, of 82, Oswald Street—on Saturday, 27th October, a little after nine in the evening, I went out, leaving the house quite secure and empty—I came back at half-past twelve with my husband—on Sunday evening I missed my husband's coat; this is it—I know the prisoner by seeing him about the neighbourhood for a long time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-62" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-62" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SHAW</persName> </hi>. This is my coat—I never gave it to anybody or authorised anyone to take it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-63" type="surname" value="ORFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-63" type="given" value="WILLIAM FREDERICK"/>WILLIAM FREDERICK ORFORD</persName> </hi>. On Sunday, 28th October, I saw the prisoner at the door of my house—he had this coat on his back—he asked me if I wanted to buy it—I said "No"—he asked me to lend him half-a-crown on it—I did so, and he left it with me, and I saw no more of it—I told Mrs. Canton, my landlady, to pawn, it to get my half-crown back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-64" type="surname" value="CANTON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-64" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE CANTON</persName> </hi>. I saw this coat in my houses—Orford asked me to pawn it to get him his money back—I did so—on the Tuesday after I saw Mrs. Shaw, and went with her and redeemed the coat and gave it to her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I can't say you are the chap that brought the coat there, because I was not there—I can't say you are the chap that received the money—I have never seen you in the house—I know nothing of you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-65" type="surname" value="ROSENTHRETTER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-65" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROSENTHRETTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman J</hi> 350). On 11th November I arrested the prisoner for loitering—he was afterwards charged with stealing this coat—he made no answer to it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-89-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-89-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-89-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-90">
<interp inst="t18881210-90" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-90" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-90-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-90-18881210 t18881210-90-offence-1 t18881210-90-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-90-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-90-18881210 t18881210-90-offence-1 t18881210-90-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-90-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-90-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18881210" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18881210" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18881210" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WESTON</hi> (25)</persName> was again indicted, with
<persName id="def2-90-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-90-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-90-18881210" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-90-18881210" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="def2-90-18881210" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ELLIOTT</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-90-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-90-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-90-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, for a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18881210-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-68" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-68" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-90-offence-1 t18881210-name-68"/>Charles Shaw</persName>, and stealing a clock, a violin, and other goods.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100010"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-69" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-69" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN SHAW</persName> </hi>. On Saturday, 10th November, I went out about half-past nine with my husband; I left the house quite secure—I returned at a few minutes before eleven—as far as I could see the place was then safe—I went out again to meet my husband, and returned with him a little after twelve—I then found that the front door was bolted inside—my husband went through a neighbouring house, and got through and let me in—on searching the house I missed a timepiece from the front room, ground floor, a violin from the back kitchen, and a pair of trousers from the back bedroom; these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are them—they had been safe before I went out at half-past nine—I know both the prisoners about the neighbourhood on several occasions, always together.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-70" type="surname" value="CANDY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-70" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED CANDY</persName> </hi>. I am a builder, of 94, Oswald Street—on the night of 10th November, a little before eleven, I was at my side door, and saw the two prisoners standing at my front door—Elliott said, "Good-night, Mr. Candy"—they then both passed by me towards the back of Mr. Shaw's house—I had known them both before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Weston.</hi> I have seen you round there lots of times—I once charged you both at the Police-court, and you were discharged—I did not say I would put you away; I said if I caught you at my door again I would lock you up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-71" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-71" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT HARDING</persName> </hi>. I live at 93, Oswald Street—I know the prisoners—on a Saturday night, 10th or 11th November, about half-past eleven, I saw them round the back of Mr. Shaw's house; I was coming home with some beer—Elliott said, "Give us a drop of beer, Billy"—I would not—he said something more to me, and I went home.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-72" type="surname" value="HOW"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-72" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HOW</persName> </hi>. I am a painter—on 11th November, about one in the day, I was crossing Hackney Marshes, and in a garden roller there I found this violin and case, and some trousers and braces—I took them home—Mrs. Shaw came to me, and I took the things to the station; the place where I found them was about 300 yards from Mr. Shaw's house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-73" type="surname" value="BEADLE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-73" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BEADLE</persName> </hi>. On Sunday morning, about half-past eight, I found this clock under a bush near the roller on Hackney Marshes; I gave it to my father, and he took it to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-74" type="surname" value="TRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-74" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN TRICE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman J</hi>). About half-past twelve on the morning of 11th November I was in Chatsworth Road with Rosenthretter, and saw the two prisoners—we kept observation of them for half an hour—they came through Chatsworth Road into Dunless Road—they then went into the garden of an unoccupied house—on being observed they ran away—I arrested Elliott at Hackney Railway Station, near a coffee-stall—he struggled to get away, we both fell to the ground—I said I should take him to the station—he said, "What for?"—I told him I was a police officer; he did not know me—I succeeded in taking him to the station—I know Mr. Shaw's house; it is about 200 yards from the house where I saw the prisoners—when I first saw them they were coming from the direction where the property was found, and between 300 and 400 yards from it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-75" type="surname" value="ROSENTHRETTER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-75" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROSENTHRETTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman J</hi> 350) I was with Trice—I took Weston to the station—he was charged with this offence—he said, "Oh, Christ, it is enough to execute us."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-76" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-76" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER BAILEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). I examined the prosecutor's house—I found no marks on the doors or windows—the bolt of the back door</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000011"/>
<p>was drawn out of the socket, and the back door was open—access had been obtained by getting over a wall about five feet high, and then by a key in the front door—the back door must have been opened from the inside.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-90-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-90-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-90-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Both prisoners then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to previous conviction.—
<rs id="t18881210-90-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-90-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-90-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-90-18881210 t18881210-90-punishment-12"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-90-18881210 t18881210-90-punishment-12"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-91">
<interp inst="t18881210-91" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-91" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-91-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-91-18881210 t18881210-91-offence-1 t18881210-91-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-91-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-91-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18881210" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18881210" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18881210" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL MOORE</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-91-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-91-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-91-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18881210-name-78" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-78" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-78" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-91-offence-1 t18881210-name-78"/> Wm. Jno. Newton</persName>, and stealing his watch and chain.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEELING</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-79" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-79" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN NEWTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 46, Old Compton Street, Soho—on 14th November I left my house at seven in the evening, and walked into Earl Street, Seven Dials, and then into Queen Street—I crossed from the road on to the pavement by the Black Horse, when the prisoner came before me, looked at my watch chain and a 20 franc piece, and said "What, old gentleman, what Mr."—I said, "I don't know you"—I had my stick, and I tried to work it in his face; I could not, for somebody behind me was holding my arm—the prisoner got me by the throat—I called out "Murder, murder, police!"—he got my watch and chain, and then left me, and I saw my chain hanging in his left hand as he ran up a court—I tried to follow him, but could not; I was very weak from his holding my throat—this took place under two flaring gas lights at the Black Horse—I saw the prisoner as plainly as possible, and said I could pick him out of 20 men if I was on my deathbed—I did pick him out from a number of men a few hours afterwards—I gave a description to the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-80" type="surname" value="TEMBLY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-80" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY TEMBLY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective E</hi>). At half-past seven on 14th November the prosecutor made a statement to me at Bow Street Station, and gave me a description of a man, and in company with another officer I went in pursuit of the prisoner, and about eleven the same night I saw him at the Clock House, on the Dials—I said to him, "Romeo, I want you"—he said "What for?"—I said, "For stealing a watch from a gentleman at half-past seven this evening in Queen Street"—he said, "All right, it don't want two of you"—I took him to the station; he was placed with eight other men, and the prosecutor came and identified him—I only found a few coppers on him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner asserted his innocence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-91-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-91-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-91-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18881210-91-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-91-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-91-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-91-18881210 t18881210-91-punishment-13"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-92">
<interp inst="t18881210-92" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-92" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-92-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-92-18881210 t18881210-92-offence-1 t18881210-92-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-92-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-92-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18881210" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18881210" type="surname" value="ROE"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18881210" type="given" value="JAMES ELPHINSTONE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ELPHINSTONE ROE</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-92-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-92-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-92-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t18881210-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-82" type="surname" value="MCCONACHY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-82" type="given" value="MARGARETTA ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-92-offence-1 t18881210-name-82"/>Margaretta Elizabeth McConachy</persName> a cheque for £100, with intent to defraud.
<hi rend="italic">Other Count,</hi> for obtaining other valuable securities from her.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ABINGER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-83" type="surname" value="MCCONACHY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-83" type="given" value="MARGARETTA ELIZABETH"/>MARGARETTA ELIZABETH MCCONACHY</persName> </hi>. I now live at Sutton-on-Sea, Lincolnshire—until May of the present year I lived at The Poplars, Gunnersbury—my husband was a medical man in practice there—he died in December last—before that I knew the prisoner slightly—I knew a Mrs. Roe, his cousin by marriage—she lived at Gunnersbury—at the commencement of the year I was desirous of removing into a smaller house, and getting rid of my furniture—the prisoner acted for me in those matters—I then moved to 38, Heathfield Gardens, a smaller house at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000012"/>
<p>Gunnersbury—amongst other property which I inherited from my husband there was a sum of about £1,000, £500 of which was in the Commercial Bank of Scotland, partly on a deposit account and partly on an account on which I could draw—I do not remember telling the prisoner that I had this money in the bank—on 5th May I received a letter from him—I did not keep it—in it he said he had found a good investment for £50 or £100 if I would send him a cheque by return of post—I had perfect confidence in him at that time, and believing what he said I forwarded him a cheque for £100; this is the counterfoil of it, the cheque I never could fined; it is the practice of the bank to return me my cheques when they have been used—I sent the cheque to Hugh Street, Pimlico; I usually sent all letters there—on 7th May the prisoner came and saw me at Gunnersbury—he said he wanted my deposit receipt for £100, as I could make the bank pay the money twice if I did not send it—I gave him one of my deposit notes—I was under the impression it was for £100; I afterwards found it was for £400—I asked him what the investment was—he said it was to lend to a farmer to buy seed wheat—he did not say where the farmer resided, but he said he had to go to Chester about the business that afternoon—he said I was to have ten per cent. interest, and a good piece of land as security—I believed him—he then left, taking the deposit note with him—he returned on the 11th, and brought me a £10 note as the interest in advance on my £100—I believe I took that note to my grocer, Mr. Suter, of Chiswick—the prisoner also said, "I can get you 10 per cent. for the rest of your money now if you will allow me"—I said, "But should I do it?"—he said, "That is for you to decide"—I do not remember whether he said what the investment was, but I believed it to be the same as the other, because he said at the time he would likely have the same opportunity of doing the same for me again"—I said, "You know I know nothing about such things; do you advise me to do it?" He said, "Mrs. Roe has £1,000 lying idle in the Bank, and she would be very glad if I would do it for her, but you need it more." I then gave him these two cheques for £200 each—I filled in everything except the date—they are endorsed by him—one is dated 11th May, and the other the 19th—these are the two counterfoils filled up in the prisoner's handwriting:—"May 11, '88; for investment with E. Roe"—he went away with those two cheques—I implicitly believed at the time that he had invested the other £100 for me with the farmer at 10 per cent.—I should not have given him any more money if I had not believed that—I can't remember seeing him again till he was in custody—I have not received any interest for the other money—he wrote to me saying that he had invested the £500 in my name, which would bring me £50 a year for some time—I can't remember the date of that letter; it was some time in May—I wrote to him in Hugh Street, where he was usually to be found; these are the letters; they came back through the Dead Letter Office—on or about 2nd August I received this letter from him—(
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>)."Albemarle Hotel, Brighton. Dear Mrs. McConachy,—By some question you asked me, either some of my letters never reached you, or you forget. I remember distinctly writing to you. The money was put in with the other money, and at your request invested. Of course I invested in my own name and in security for you. If you prefer your brother acting for you I will send you the items. I am so</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000013"/>
<p>ill I can hardly hold the pen. I will call on Taylor, at your request, and from him you will hear. I hope the little ones are all well, and yourself included.—I remain, yours sincerely, J. E. Roe." That was the first idea I had that he had invested the money in his own name—he never came to see me or my solicitor, or even gave me the account he speaks of in that letter—by the advice of my solicitor I ultimately applied for a warrant for his apprehension.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-84" type="surname" value="COUTTS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-84" type="given" value="GEORGE STEPHEN"/>GEORGE STEPHEN COUTTS</persName> </hi>. I am chief cashier at the Commercial Bank of Scotland at 1, 2 and 3, Bishopsgate Street Within—these documents (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are copies of the banking account of Mrs. McConachy, made in pursuance of the Bankers' Books Evidence Act—I have examined them with the books of the bank; they are quite correct—on 7th May, 1888, I find an entry of a debit of £100 purporting to have been paid to Elphin-stone Roe—I remember the prisoner coming, to the bank on the morning of 7th May, about half-past ten—I knew him before—he presented a cheque for £100 drawn by Mrs. McConachy—I remarked that there was not sufficient on current account—the deposit account was £500—I told him that before the cheque could be met it would require to have sufficient transferred from the deposit account into the current account—he said, "I am extremely anxious to get the money to-day, as I have found a good investment for Mrs. McConachy, and I have to leave for the country today"—I still refused to cash the cheque—I referred him to the manager—I am not aware that he saw the manager—he went away and returned about two o'clock, bringing with him a deposit note for £400—that was transferred to the current account, and I then cashed the £100 cheque in nine £10 notes and £10 in gold—the numbers of the notes are 53,909 to 17, dated February 22, 1888—referring to the bank account I find that Mrs. McConachy is debited with £200 on 11th May, and a further £200 on the 19th May—I cashed the one on the 19th for the prisoner, in three £50 notes and five £10 notes—the numbers of the £50 notes are 44 X. 09382 and 3 X. 09500, and the five £10 notes 47 X. 23307 to 11, dated 23rd February, 1888; and the £200 on the 11th was paid in one £100 note, No. 31 X. 22930 16 Aug., 1887; and one of the fifties 2115, 16 July, 1887—the remaining £100 on deposit was transferred on 11th May with 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. interest—that must have been done by the production of the other deposit note—that closed the deposit account.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had not known Mrs. McConachy personally—I knew her husband—at the prisoner's request I endeavoured to collect votes to get a child into some institution—he left one or two cards with me; that was in March—he mentioned casually that he had been ill.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-85" type="surname" value="SUTER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-85" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL SUTER</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer in High Street, Chiswick—Mrs. McConachy was a regular customer—I was in the habit from time to time of changing notes for her—by referring to my paying-in book, I find that on 12th May I paid in a £10 note at the London and County Bank, Chiswick Branch (
<hi rend="italic">Mr. Fulton put in a verified account of the witness', showing that the number of the note was</hi> 53,915,
<hi rend="italic">dated</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd February,</hi> 1883.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-86" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-86" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>CHARLES JOHN WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Accountant's Banknote Department, Bank of England—I produce a £10 note, No. 53,915, of 28th February, 1888, paid in on 14th May by the London and County Bank; also nine £10 notes, of which that is one, Nos. 58,909 to 53,917, same date—53,909 was paid in on 23rd May by the Birmingham Branch</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000014"/>
<p>of the Bank of England; 53,910 was paid in on 31st May by the London and County Bank; 53,911 on 19th June by the Liverpool Branch of the Bank of England; 53,912 on 23rd May by the Birmingham Branch of the Bank of England; 53,914 on 26th June by the Union Bank of London; 53,916 on 29th May by the Liverpool Branch of the Bank of England; and 53,917 on 19th May by the Manchester Branch of the Bank of England—I also produce a £100 note, No. 22,930, dated 16th August, 1887, paid in on 12th May by the London Joint Stock Bank, and five £50 notes: 88,215, paid in on 15th May, 1888, by the London and Westminster Bank; 88,385 on 20th June by the London and County Bank; 99,382 on 2nd July by the London and County Bank; 99,383 on 19th June by the same; 9,500 on 9th June by the National Bank; also five £10 notes, Nos. 22,307 to 22,311, all dated 23rd February, from different sources, one from Glyn's, two from the London and County, and one from the Union—notes coming from Edinburgh generally bear the name of the bank—there is no mark on any of these notes of any Scottish bank.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-87" type="surname" value="MACEY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-87" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD MACEY</persName> </hi>. On 11th November I arrested the prisoner on a warrant which was placed in my hands on 24th October—I received him from the hands of the Scotch police at Edinburgh—they were detaining him till I came, in consequence of information I had sent—he was not actually arrested on this charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found him in custody about a matter of a watch and chain; he did not say it had been lent or given to him—the charge about the £500 was not preferred then, although I knew it was about—I know nothing of its being put before the magistrate, and process refused—the solicitors handed me a photograph, which I forwarded to Edinburgh.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. MCCONACHY</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">cross-examined</hi>). I was a great friend of a relative of the prisoner—on the death of my husband I had no relative to refer to—Mr. Taylor received £100 to invest some time in January, I think—that was the first £100 out of my banking account after my husband's death—I addressed the prisoner as "Dear Elfie"—I never wrote fifty letters to the prisoner, I think—I have a few more of his letters; I did not keep every one—Miss Marshall brought him grapes and things when he suffered from neuralgia of the heart, in my house; sometimes he was quite insensible; I nursed him—I never said to him that I should get more allowance from the medical society for myself and my children if I was able to state I had less money of my own; the more money I was possessed of, the less would be my annuity; I may have said so—I mentioned that the £100 Mr. Taylor had to invest was invested at 5 per cent., and I showed the prisoner the paper explaining the investment—I did not tell him I should be very glad if he could get me a larger amount of interest, I never thought of it even—he never mentioned anything of the kind to me till he wrote a letter and came, telling me about the investment, and asked me about the deposit note—he did not explain about the wheat-seed in a letter, but he explained it when he came about the deposit-note—I knew nothing about farmers wanting money for seed; I simply believed what he told me—he gave me to believe that I should have the money back in six months from May—he wrote a letter that he would take a six months' bill and pay the money through the bank—he did not give me a bill—he left a little paper on the dining-room table when he went away—I did not understand the paper, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000015"/>
<p>always intended to ask him to explain it—I understood a bill would be given by the borrower, and the money could not be called in for six months; I really knew nothing about it—the fly-sheet of this letter does not explain the investment at all; it has nothing to do with it—it was not torn oft when I sent it—there was a proposal for him to give a policy of assurance on his life for £1,000, as security for the money being returned—I did not think anything of it—I have never heard from him since—I never heard of any negotiations for his taking a partnership in Edinburgh—I heard nothing from Miss Marshall—I was very anxious about the money—I told my friends about the investment, and they thought I was very foolish to trust the money to a stranger—his letter said first £100 for six months, but I cannot remember as to a further loan—I went to Mr. Bennett, the magistrate, with my solicitor, and laid the facts about the £500 before him—I gave the prisoner the watch to have it repaired; he brought it back and said, "Here is your watch, although it leaves me without one"—I said, "You had better keep it a little while"—I did not intend that he should keep it for ever; I did not mean it for a present for his kind
<lb/>ness in all he had done for me; I had nursed him when he was ill.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This is the piece of paper he left, which I could not understand—"Bill, dated 12th May, £205, having paid £180, and paid Mrs. McConachy 15 per cent. in advance—Elf. Roe."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-92-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-92-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-92-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. —
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner for the larceny of the watch and chain.—
<rs id="t18881210-92-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-92-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-92-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-92-18881210 t18881210-92-punishment-14"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-93">
<interp inst="t18881210-93" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-93" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-93-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-93-18881210 t18881210-93-offence-1 t18881210-93-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-93-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-93-18881210" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18881210" type="surname" value="IRVINE"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18881210" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CATHERINE IRVINE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<rs id="t18881210-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-93-18881210 t18881210-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRISON</hi> </rs>,
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<rs id="t18881210-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-93-18881210 t18881210-alias-2"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HIGGINS</hi> </rs> </persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-93-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-93-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-93-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18881210-93-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-93-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-93-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>to unlawfully committing wilful and corrupt perjury, and to endeavouring to obtain money by false pretences.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18881210-93-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-93-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-93-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-93-18881210 t18881210-93-punishment-15"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, December</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1888.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-94">
<interp inst="t18881210-94" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-94" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-94-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-94-18881210 t18881210-94-offence-1 t18881210-94-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-94-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-94-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18881210" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18881210" type="surname" value="ZWINK"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18881210" type="given" value="OTTO"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OTTO ZWINK</hi> (29)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-94-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-94-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-94-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18881210-94-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-94-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-94-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> to embezzling £2 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and two cheques for £4 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and £21 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., of
<persName id="t18881210-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-90" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-90" type="given" value="SETH EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-94-offence-1 t18881210-name-90"/>Seth Edward Thomas</persName> and others, his masters;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to endorsing the cheque for £4 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and to making certain false entries in the books of his said masters, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18881210-94-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-94-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-94-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-94-18881210 t18881210-94-punishment-16"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-20">
<interp inst="t18881210-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-20" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18881210 t18881210-20-offence-1 t18881210-20-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-20-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18881210" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18881210" type="surname" value="HARDIMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18881210" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH HARDI MAN</hi> (55)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18881210-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> to receiving two quires of printed paper, the goods of
<persName id="t18881210-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-92" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-92" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-20-offence-1 t18881210-name-92"/>Alfred Cox</persName>, knowing them to be stolen. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">The Prosecutor stated that his loss amounted to £700.—
<rs id="t18881210-20-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-20-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-20-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18881210 t18881210-20-punishment-17"/>Twenty Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-96">
<interp inst="t18881210-96" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-96" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-96-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18881210 t18881210-96-offence-1 t18881210-96-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-96-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-96-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18881210" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18881210" type="surname" value="BRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18881210" type="given" value="WALTER WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER WILLIAM BRIGHT</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-96-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-96-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-96-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, Breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18881210-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-94" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-94" type="surname" value="BURGESS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-94" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-96-offence-1 t18881210-name-94"/>Mary Ann Burgess</persName>, and stealing a counterpane, two mackintoshes, and other articles, her property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HALL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-95" type="surname" value="BURNHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-95" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BURNHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-inspector G</hi>). On December 1 the prisoner preferred a charge against Whittington for passing counterfeit coin to him—Whittington was convicted yesterday (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 91) the prisoner giving evidence against him—Whittington said, "If I am going to be locked up for this, what about that house that you broke into two months ago, in Farringdon Road? you know you have got one of the quilts on your bed now, and that you asked the woman in the back parlour to pawn the other"—the prisoner said, "Don't believe him,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000016"/>
<p>Governor, he is only
<hi rend="italic">kidding</hi> you"—that means "humbugging"—he had previously given his address 21, Grosvenor Street—I went there with a key which he gave me and which fitted the back kitchen door, and found this patchwork quilt (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) on the bed—I afterwards found this counterpane in pledge—both have been identified—the prisoner said that he bought the quilt last Sunday in Petticoat Lane for 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-96" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-96" type="surname" value="BURJESS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-96" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN BURJESS</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Corporation Buildings, Farringdon Road, and am a widow—on November 1 I left home about 9.45 a.m., and looked the doors—I returned about 1.50 p.m., and found the street door wrenched open—I went into my bedroom and missed this counterpane, two mackintoshes, and this patchwork counterpane—they are my property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-97" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-97" type="surname" value="TREGANOWAN"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-97" type="given" value="MARY JANE"/>MARY JANE TREGANOWAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, Corporation Buildings, on a flat, directly opposite Mrs. Burjess; there is only a balcony between us; both are under one roof—on November 1 I saw the prisoner selling coke there; he offered to sell me some; he gave a tremendous knock at Mrs. Burjess's door, and shouted "Coke!" that was 20 or 10 minutes to one o'clock—I picked him out from a number of others.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-98" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-98" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE JONES</persName> </hi>. I am married, and on November 1 I was living at 21, Grosvenor Street, where the prisoner lives—he came to my room that evening about 6.15, and asked me to pawn this blue quilt, which I did for 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and sent the ticket down to him with the money, by my little girl—the police inquired of me, and I told them where it was pawned.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I am not guilty of it; the patchwork quilt I bought down the Lane on Sunday week. I asked Annie Jones to pawn the counterpane. I did not know it was stolen."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-99" type="surname" value="WHITTINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-99" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WHITTINGTON</persName> </hi>. The prisoner gave me in charge for passing a bad florin, and I was convicted yesterday. (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 91.) I told Inspector Burham in the prisoner's presence that I was hawking coke, and we could not sell it on Saffron Hill as it was so wet, and he said, "I will do something else to get a quicker shilling"—he went first to the Clerkenwell
<hi rend="italic">models</hi>, and from there along Farringdon Road; he went up the first block and came down, and a little girl came down from the second block and bought one sack of coke—I served her, and then he went up to the first block and came down in two minutes with a parcel under his arm, and said to me, "Get hold of the handle of that barrow"—I said, "No, I will have nothing at all to do with it; you got me twelve months before out of Mr. Wiley's case when I was at work"—he got hold of the handle of the barrow, and pulled it up Compton Street, and then he said, "Dick, I have got such a fine silk dress," but when he got home, to his surprise, what he called a silk dress was two mackintoshes—I went to bed, and got up next morning and went to market—he would not stop to sell the coke—we earned 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. between us by the coke.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not fetch the counterpane out about 4.30, and take it to your place, and ask you to pawn it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I know the quilt was on his bed, because I was lodging with him and paying half the rent—I left him because he was always doing this.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> When I found we could not sell the coke, I said, "We had better go home." We went home, and Whitehead said, "I am going to my sister." I went home, and about 4.30 he came in and said, "Here I have touched; will you pawn this?" I said, "No, the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100017"/>
<p>person upstairs may," and Mrs. Jones pawned it, and sent the money and ticket down by her little girl, and gave it to me, and I gave it to Whittington.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WHITTINGTON</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I did not get the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for the pawning of the counterpane—the prisoner offered the woman a pint of beer afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-100" type="surname" value="BURNHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-100" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BURNHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Whittington had left the prisoner some weeks before this—they had dissolved partnership, therefore it was the prisoner's bed that the quilt was on.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-96-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-96-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-96-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of housebreaking with Whittington at Clerkenwell on</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th October,</hi> 1887,
<hi rend="italic">when he was sentenced to Twelve Month's Hard Labour.—
<rs id="t18881210-96-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-96-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-96-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18881210 t18881210-96-punishment-18"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-97">
<interp inst="t18881210-97" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-97" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-97-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-97-18881210 t18881210-97-offence-1 t18881210-97-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-97-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-97-18881210" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18881210" type="surname" value="SKINNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18881210" type="given" value="ALICE CATHERINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALICE CATHERINE SKINNER</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t18881210-97-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-97-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-97-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18881210-name-102">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-102" type="surname" value="CHARLTON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-102" type="given" value="THOMAS JAMES"/>Thomas James Charlton</persName>, her husband being alive.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-103" type="surname" value="SYER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-103" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SYER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector N.</hi>) On. 14th November I was at Dalston Police-court when Charlton gave the prisoner in custody for bigamy—I read the charge over to her—she said, "Oh, I did not think he could do that after fifteen or sixteen years."—I produce a certificate. (
<hi rend="italic">This certified the marriage of William Skinner, lighterman, and Catherine Donovan, at Stepney, on August</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1871.)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was examined the same day before the Magistrate—I do not think I said that she said, "Oh, I did not think you could do that; I have not seen him for fifteen or sixteen years"—this is my signature, and I must have used those words.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-104" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-104" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE MATHEWS</persName> </hi>. I am single, and live at 92, Roman Road—I lived with John Donovan as his wife from 1872 till eighteen months ago (fifteen years last March) in Condor Street, Stepney, which used to be called James Street—he is the prisoner's brother—I knew her as Mrs. Skinner—her husband is a lighterman; I have seen him here today—she was living with him when I first knew her—they lived about five minutes' walk from me—she told me she was going to leave her husband because he would not work to keep her—I had been living with her brother twelve months then—I knew of her leaving him; she went to live at Croydon with Ridley, a licensed victualler, and went by the name of Mrs. Ridley—after going to Croydon she was passing and saw me at the window, and said that she was comfortable at Croydon with Mr. Ridley—I asked if she had seen Skinner; she said, "No"—the last time I saw her was four years last March, when she came to me at Old Ford to see her brother, who was ill, and I asked her if she had seen anything of
<hi rend="italic">Bill;</hi> she said, "No," and she did not want to see him; she believed he was living with a tailoress—she stayed one night at our house, and said she was going to Leytonstone to her married sister, Mrs. Bennett—I frequently saw Skinner, but had no conversation with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I separated from John Donovan because we lived a very unhappy life—I did not go to Dalston Police-court—I first heard of this last Friday week, when Mr. Charlton asked me several questions, and I answered him—when I had the conversation with the prisoner four years ago we were walking to an omnibus, and John Donovan was behind; he took no part in the conversation—I don't know whether he heard it—she said that she believed he was living with a tailoress since</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000018"/>
<p>they had been separated—I believe it was in 1872 that I began to live with John Donovan.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I passed Skinner several times, but did not speak to him, nor have I seen John Donovan speak to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-105" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-105" type="surname" value="OXLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-105" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH OXLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at Dalston with my husband; we formerly lived at King Street, Leytonstone—it will be three years next February since we left there—we lived there between three and four years, and during that time I knew Mrs. Foster, the prisoner's sister, and knew the prisoner as Mrs. Bradley—I had a communication from Mrs. Foster in the prisoner's absence, and the same evening I said to the prisoner, "Your sister tells me you are Kate Skinner"—she said, "That is right; I was married before, but he is dead; he was drowned"—I did not ask her where—she said that he was drowned nine months after their marriage, I believe in the Thames, and that she went to the mortuary and identified his body—she said she was sixteeen or seventeen years old when she married Skinner—she did not tell me that she was not married to Bradley—I do not know Skinner or Charlton.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-106" type="surname" value="DONOVAN"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-106" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA DONOVAN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Jeremiah Donovan—we were married in 1881—the prisoner is my husband's sister—we lived at Peckham in 1882, and afterwards at Hackney—I first knew the prisoner six weeks before she was married to Charlton—I saw her at a house in Albion Terrace, Dalston; she was going as Mrs. Bradley—I said, "I don't think you ought to have married him, considering you have a husband living"—she said, "He is dead"—I said, "I am sure he is not"—her brother came in and said, "What is all this about?"—I said, "Is Mr. Skinner dead?"—he said, "No, I saw him last week, and shook hands with him"—she said, "You are a mean humbug"—Mr. Charlton then came in—after my marriage I was living at 123, Salmon's Lane, Lime-house, and saw Mr. Skinner there twice; that was in 1880 and 1881—I saw him shaking hands with my husband at our shop door in 1881—I knew Skinner by sight, passing up Salmon's Lane, before I knew there was any relationship between him and the prisoner; he lived in Samuel Street, which is a turning out of Salmon's Lane—he is a lighterman—I have seen him here to-day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My husband and I were present at the prisoner's marriage with Charlton.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Nothing was said in my hearing about Mr. Skinner on the day of the marriage—I did not know that the prisoner had married Bill Skinner till after I married my husband—I did not mention it to Charlton, because it was no business of mine.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-107" type="surname" value="DONOVAN"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-107" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>JEREMIAH DONOVAN</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's brother, and live at 37, Lady's Lane, Stamford Hill—I married Emma Donovan on 4th July, 1881—we lived at 123, Salmon's Lane, Limehouse—in 1881 my wife pointed out Mr. Skinner to me in the street at Limehouse, on the opposite side of the way—that was about a fortnight after we were married, about the middle of July—I afterwards heard that he was dead, and did not see him for five or six years—after that I had a conversation with him in Limehouse Dock—I saw him again after the prisoner's second marriage, and there was a conversation between my wife and the prisoner and myself—I have not seen Skinner since that conversation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-108" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-108" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am a walking-stick manufacturer—Mr. Skinner is my brother-in-law—about two years ago, in the summer, I was with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000019"/>
<p>him in Victoria Park, and saw John Donovan, the prisoner's eldest brother; I saw him twice that day—about seven or eight years ago I was at Donovan's house, and there was some conversation with my wife, but the prisoner was not present—after that conversation I frequently saw Skinner at my house—he is a lighterman, and has to be registered.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-109" type="surname" value="CHARLTON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-109" type="given" value="THOMAS JAMES"/>THOMAS JAMES CHARLTON</persName> </hi>. I am a beer-house keeper, of 4, Mount Pleasant Lane, Upper Clapton—I first met the prisoner on 1st April, 1886, in the name of
<persName id="t18881210-name-110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-110" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18881210-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-name-110 t18881210-alias-3"/>Alice Bradley</rs> </persName>—she told me she was the widow of Walter Bradley; that she had been married to him by licence, and lived with him at the Duke of Cambridge, Croydon, about six years—she did not say when she left him, but she said she had been away from the Duke of Cambridge fifteen months—that would be about the commencement of 1885—the name of Skinner was never mentioned to me—I went through the form of marriage with the prisoner at Hackney, and got this receipt. (
<hi rend="italic">This certified the marriage of Thomas John Charlton, bachelor, and Alice Bradley, widow, at the parish church, Hackney, on</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd June,</hi> 1886.) About three months after our marriage, at my particular request, I was introduced to her family—I had requested her to do so more than once, and also before the marriage—about a month ago last Sunday I heard about William Skinner, and then I charged the prisoner with bigamy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was acquainted with the prisoners sister, Mrs. Bennett, before our marriage, and James and Mrs. Donovan were present at our marriage—the prisoner charged me with assaulting her, and I was bound over to keep the peace, and after that I charged her with bigamy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had heard nothing about Skinner till the assault—I did not commit the assault, but I consented to be bound over to keep the peace.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-97-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-97-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-97-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December,</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1888.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-98">
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<interp inst="t18881210-98" type="date" value="18881210"/>
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<persName id="def1-98-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-98-18881210" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18881210" type="age" value="80"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18881210" type="surname" value="MULCHAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18881210" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN MULCHAY</hi> (80)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-98-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-98-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-98-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> was charged, on the Coroner's Inquisition only, with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18881210-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-112" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-112" type="surname" value="MULCHAY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-112" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-98-offence-1 t18881210-name-112"/>Jane Mulchay</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLAM</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence on the Inquisition, no bill having been found by the Grand Jury.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-98-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-98-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-98-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">For other Cases tried This Day, see Kent and Surrey Cases.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1888.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-99">
<interp inst="t18881210-99" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-99" type="date" value="18881210"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-99-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-99-18881210 t18881210-99-offence-1 t18881210-99-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-99-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-99-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18881210" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18881210" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18881210" type="given" value="MASTERS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MASTERS DAVIS</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-99-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-99-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-99-18881210" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-99-18881210" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def2-99-18881210" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WHITE</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-99-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-99-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-99-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18881210-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-115" type="surname" value="KINGMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-115" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-115" type="occupation" value="jeweller"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-99-offence-1 t18881210-name-115"/>George Kingman</persName>, and stealing two pieces of a metal chain and 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SAUNDERS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted';</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-116" type="surname" value="KINGMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-116" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE KINGMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a jeweller, and live at 46, Essex Street, Islington—on the night of 7th November, between twelve and one, I was in a beer-shop in Clerkenwell—Davis was in there; I was having drinks with him—he put his hand into my right-hand waistcoat pocket—I said, "Please keep your hand out of my pocket"—when we left the house together Davis said to me, "Do you accuse me of putting my hand into your pocket?"—I did not answer—he pushed me about; I tried to get</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000020"/>
<p>away; he put his hand in the same pocket, and took 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from it; there was nothing but 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. there—I ran ten or twelve yards, when he overtook me; he struck me in the eye with his fist; I fell to the ground, with him on the top of me—White came up and pushed me in the side, as I was partly on the ground—I had seen him that evening in the house with Davis; we had had drinks together—while I was on the ground Davis put his hand into my coat pocket, and took these two pieces of metal chain—he also put his hand into my left-hand trousers pocket, from which I afterwards missed two half-crowns, a florin, and a penny—I had the case of one watch and a watch in my pocket—a constable came up when I was on the ground; he took White in charge—Davis ran away; I ran after him, and he was eventually stopped by another constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> These are brass chains—I value them at 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. or 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I repair jewellery and manufacture it—I show it at public-houses and take orders—my customers do not chiefly lie among public-houses—I sell pawn-tickets—I gave White a pawn-ticket on the night before, at the public-house, out of friendship—he is not a friend—I had spoken to him before—I had last left home about five o'clock—I then had 23
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I did not make any purchases or pay any debts—I went into the Red Lion before I went to the beershop, which is in Garnault Place, about a quarter of a mile from Deacon's Music Hall—I stayed at the Red Lion a few minutes—I went into no other public-house—I had about 22
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. when I came into the beershop—I chased Davis—I had full possession of my faculties when the constable came—I walked with him to the station—I was twenty minutes to half-an-hour at the station while the prisoners were being charged—the inspector was present—I did not know then that all my money had been taken—I only charged the prisoners with stealing 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and the metal chain—I saw some money found on the prisoners—I did not see what coins—I did not say a word about the 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. till I came to the Court next day—I was not aware I had lost the money—I found it out twenty minutes after I got indoors and had a wash—I have not accused Davis of taking two half-crowns, a florin, and a penny—I say they were missing—I do not charge him with stealing 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., only one shilling and the chain—the two pieces of chain were kept in my coat tail pocket—after Davis ran away I saw nothing of White till I saw him in custody—from the time I felt Davis putting his hand into my pocket, where the two pieces of chain were, until I saw him in custody I did not see them together—one ran in one direction and one in the other—I lost sight of Davis for two or three seconds—I kept him in sight except for two or three seconds—I could not say the direction White went in—I saw him get up and go off, and the policeman went after him, I saw nothing else of him; all he did was to push me with his hand—when I went to this public-house at nine on this evening I did not see White there; I saw several people there—they only sell beer at this house, no whisky or spirits to my knowledge—there is a public and a private bar—I was in the largest, the public bar, the whole evening till half-past twelve—I played
<hi rend="italic">coddam,</hi> with White I believe—several others were playing with us—we played for 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. smokes and then for drinks—I did not pay; I don't know who did—I left the public-house with more than 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I afterwards found in my top waistcoat pocket 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in silver, a watch and a watch-case; they had not been touched—when I went into the public-house I had all my money in my left-hand trousers pocket—while in the house I took some out and put the greater part in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000021"/>
<p>my waistcoat pocket—that was about ten o'clock; White was there; after every game we have a drink and smoke and then start again—from nine till half-past twelve I was tossing for drinks, playing
<hi rend="italic">coddam,</hi> and smoking—I was under the influence of drink, but not drunk—when there was a cry of "time" we all left the public-house; there were about ten of us—I saw no fight outside—I can't say if there was a scrimmage or row or quarrel—there was a mob outside, when Davis had me on the ground, some twelve yards off—I cried out for assistance; no one came up to me—I had 22
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. about me—I did not ask Mr. Blow, the landlord, to lend me some money; I will swear that—I spoke to him about watches and different things—I did not ask for the loan of money on a watch—I did not see White taken into custody—all he did was to push me with his hand at the time I was being robbed—he partly fell by my side at the time I was on the ground—he was not standing up—I was partly on the ground at the time—Davis was lying on top of me rifling my pockets, and White was stooping—it is not true that White was on top of me and Davis standing up—I did not pull the chains out of my pocket when I was playing
<hi rend="italic">coddam</hi> and dominoes and talking—I last felt them safe at five o'clock—my only reason for saying I was confident they were in my pocket was because I had nothing in my pocket that I should pull them out with—I identified the chain at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had not taken the chain out during the evening—some of my money was in my waistcoat; some in my trousers pocket; 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was in my right-hand waistcoat pocket—White was outside the house when I was knocked down—when the constable came up White was not on the top of me; he was more by my side—I was not indulging in any practical joking while I was playing
<hi rend="italic">coddam.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-117" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-117" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE JACKSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">G R</hi>). About half-past twelve on 7th November I was on duty in Myddelton Street, Clerkenwell—I heard cries of "Police" coming from Garnault Place—I went in the direction, and when I got there I saw the prosecutor on the ground, and White just rising off him, and Davis standing up—White looked round, saw me, and started, and ran away—Davis went in the other direction—I stopped White; he said, "I have not done anything"—I said, "Well, I saw you in the road there together, and I shall detain you to see who the other man is"—I detained him about five minutes, and saw no sign of the prosecutor, and thought he had gone away, and I let White go—two or three minutes after
<lb/>wards the prosecutor came back with Davis in custody of another constable—White had not gone then—I was going to the station with the prosecutor, and on the way I took White, who was one of a small crowd following, into custody—the prosecutor charged him at the station with pushing him down—White said he did not; he had not done anything—I searched him, and found on him in one of his pockets this small piece of chain, 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, four cigars, and a wooden pipe—no charge but that of pushing was made against White.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I can hardly say positively whether White was rising up from the man or from the side of the man—it was rather dark—Garnault Place is badly lit—all I saw was White rising from the ground—I held him there about five minutes—he had been drinking—he stood there two or three minutes before the prosecutor came up—I could have caught him at any moment—it is about one-third of a mile from the place I saw White to the Police-station—I arrested him forty or fifty yards from the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000022"/>
<p>station—he had followed the prosecutor and prisoner—he has been out on bail since—the prosecutor spoke to me just before we were thirty or forty yards from the station—we were all close together—I don't know if the prosecutor could see White during the one-third of a mile—it was not after Davis sang out to White to get his hat that the prosecutor charged him with pushing him down—the prosecutor was at the station about twenty minutes—he saw them searched, and all that was found on them—he was about a yard off Davis when the money was found on him; it was put on the ledge of the inspector's desk, so that anyone could see the coins it was composed of—the prosecutor said the chain was his pro
<lb/>perty; he did not charge Davis with stealing it—he did not charge Davis with stealing the 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I first heard about the 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. next morning before the Magistrate; all he said was he missed 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he said he had lost the other money during a disturbance—he said he accused Davis inside of having his hand in his pocket, and when he came out Davis asked him if he charged him with it, and he said, "I do," and Davis struck him and knocked him down, and then he started to run away, and Davis and White followed him—he said there was a crowd of ten or twelve people when he came out of the beer-house—I saw a crowd a little distance away—the prisoners and the prosecutor were all under the influence of drink—the prosecutor did not show me a watch at the Police-station—I did not hear him tell the Magistrate that he had a watch and part of a watch and 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in his waistcoat pocket.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I came up the prosecutor was on the ground about forty yards from the beer-house; the crowd had stopped just outside—I don't think Davis asked White to go to the station with him; I don't remember hearing it—White followed of his own accord, the same as the rest of the people.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-118" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-118" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 335). On the morning of 7th November, about half-past twelve. I was on duty in Gloucester Street, Clerkenwell—I heard a cry of "Stop thief"—I saw Davis without a hat, running—I ran after and caught him—I said, "What is the matter?"—he said, "I have had a fight with a man in Garnault Place"—I took him back, and on the way I met the prosecutor, who stated he had been knocked down and robbed by Davis and some other men—Davis said nothing—I took him to the station—I did not see White till I got to the station—Davis said nothing on the way to the station—I searched him there, and found on him a florin, 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze in his left-hand trousers pocket, and this small piece of metal chain in his right-hand trousers pocket—the prosecutor charged Davis at the station with assaulting and robbing him of 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. that he saw him take.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was walking in front of Jackson—a small crowd was following us—I first saw White going up the steps to the station; he was taken into custody then—Davis in no way called out to White or attracted his attention to my knowledge; it could not have happened without my knowing it—as far as I know White accompanied the crowd to the station of his own accord—I saw White searched; the prosecutor was standing three or four yards off—he saw the coins which were put on the inspector's desk—the assault the prosecutor complained of was a
<hi rend="italic">smack</hi> in the eye; he had a black eye—he did not tell me he had been playing and drinking in the public-house with the men, or that he had accused Davis of robbing him—he told the Magistrate he had a watch—he did not tell the sergeant</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000023"/>
<p>at the station he had one—he was drunk—he could have held another pint with difficulty—I cannot say another pint would have settled him—if he had been screaming out a song I should have taken him up for being drunk and disorderly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He walked to the station, and seemed to understand what was going on there—he missed two half-crowns, a florin and a shilling—he did not say what money he had had altogether.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Jury</hi>. The prosecutor's eye was discoloured and swollen up; it looked as if it had been freshly done.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Davis, in his statement before the Magistrate, said he left home with two florins and a shilling, and that he spent some of it for drinks and cigars.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">White received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence of Davis.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-119" type="surname" value="SALMONI"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-119" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST SALMONI</persName> </hi>. I am a compositor, of 129, Victoria Dwellings, Farringdon Road—on the evening of 6th November I was at the Champion Arms beer-house—about twenty minutes to nine I saw the prosecutor there—I know him as a man who goes about selling watches—I was at the beer-house till half-past twelve, when it was turning-out time—there were fifteen or twenty people there—the prosecutor was playing
<hi rend="italic">coddam</hi> and dominoes, and drinks and cigars were tossed for; the prosecutor took a very prominent part in it all—only White played at
<hi rend="italic">coddam</hi> with him—at closing-time, half-past twelve, the prosecutor was drunk—there were twelve or fifteen people outside—I heard the prosecutor accuse Davis of having put his hand into his pocket—Davis was arguing with him—the prosecutor said, "You have put your hands into my pocket," and he began to spar up to Davis—they got to high words, and then Davis apologised, and the police came on the spot, and I left—the prisoners were about half drunk—I did not see Davis give the prosecutor a black eye—I went to the station and told the inspector what I saw of the occurrence—I attended the Court next morning, and gave evidence to the effect I have now done—the police have known my name and address since then, and have had every opportunity of making inquiry about me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was talking to people for the three and a half hours I was in the beer-house—I was mostly having teetotal drink, ginger ale—I was sober when I left—the prosecutor was drunk, and the prisoners about half drunk—the prosecutor could walk, but not steadily—they all came out of the house together—the prosecutor went to the end of the pavement—the prisoners went the opposite way to what I did—the prosecutor was not on the ground when the constable came up—I was there then—three other people were fighting, and several people were there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Three or four people were within a few yards of the prosecutor—if the constable says the disturbance was forty yards away he is not correct—if the prosecutor says twelve yards he is correct.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Jury.</hi> I did not know the prosecutor's name before this; I had spoken to him previously about politics and other matters—he uses this beer-house—a night or two before he offered me watches in the house, and he said he was taken up and taken to the station at Deptford for offering a pawn-ticket in a public-house—I have seen him frequenting public-houses.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-120" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-120" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE JACKSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I could not say if people were fighting near the spot; they were too far away; I had my eye fixed on White</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000024"/>
<p>—no one was near where the prosecutor and White were—I saw other people forty yards away; I could not say whether there was any disturbance with them—I did not see Hawley there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-121" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-121" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I did not see Hawley on the ground—the prosecutor knew what he was about.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-122" type="surname" value="HAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HAWLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 10, Hans Place, Clerkenwell, and am a confectioner—I was in the Champion Arms three parts of this day—White's place is about 400 yards from this house; I am not in his service—I was there from ten to half-past twelve—I saw the
<hi rend="italic">coddam</hi> and domino playing—I saw the prosecutor there; he seemed a bit drunk,
<hi rend="italic">boozy</hi>—at closing-time I went outside—there were twelve or fifteen people outside, and directly I got outside there was a row—the prosecutor accused Davis of putting his fingers in his pocket—Davis said, "You are a liar; I did not do such a thing"—the prosecutor rushed at Davis with both hands; I saw the prosecutor fall to the ground—I did not see Davis strike him; he stepped on one side, and the prosecutor fell to the ground—I went to pick him up, and some man hit me in the eye; I turned round, and another man hit me in the same eye—there is a bit of a mark still—I fell to the ground, and there had a tussle with a man, while another man was waiting for me to get up—there was a general scrimmage; it was more of a lark than anything else—when I got up from the ground I saw the police come up—I walked to the station with White, who was taken into custody about forty yards from the station—I did not go into the station—Salmoni was there; he went in—I saw no attempt to rob the prosecutor, or on the part of Davis to put his hand in his pocket—we were all friendly together in front of the bar, chaffing each other and playing together.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was in the public-house all the evening—I had never moved out of it—I went in first at twelve in the morning, and was in and out till twelve at night—I do a bit of work for Mr. Blow, so I am allowed to go there; I did not have any money to drink—I was quite sober at twelve—I don't know why I got this black eye—I do not know what became of the prisoners when they came out; I was getting off the ground when the constable came—I did not see him come up to the prosecutor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I clean Mr. Blow's windows and pots—I was at work for him then, and am now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-123" type="surname" value="KINGMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-123" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE KINGMAN</persName> </hi>. I buy some of my goods unredeemed from pawnbrokers—I do not go about selling them—I have been to several public-houses at Deptford, not selling tickets—on one occasion I did—I was accused on one occasion at Greenwich Police-court of assaulting the police—the Magistrate dismissed the case—the assault began with a pawnticket—Salmoni was correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-124" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-124" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The prosecutor knew what he was about.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-99-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-99-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-99-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-100">
<interp inst="t18881210-100" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-100" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-100-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18881210 t18881210-100-offence-1 t18881210-100-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-100-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-100-18881210 t18881210-100-offence-1 t18881210-100-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-100-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-100-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18881210" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18881210" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18881210" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES EDWARDS</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-100-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-100-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-100-18881210" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-100-18881210" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="def2-100-18881210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ROGERS</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-100-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-100-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-100-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing a foreign coin, 18 cigars, and £1 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., belonging to
<persName id="t18881210-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-127" type="surname" value="GELLING"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-127" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-100-offence-1 t18881210-name-127"/>Walter Gelling</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRIFFITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-128" type="surname" value="WESTWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WESTWOOD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 707). On Sunday night, 18th November, at half-past twelve, I was on duty in Fish Street Hill; very few people were about—a man passed and attracted my suspicion, and I tried the doors—I found the side door of the Monument Tavern unfastened—it is approached by three steps from the pavement; it was very dark there,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000025"/>
<p>there was a shadow right across the door—I spoke to a police sergeant, and watched the door, and immediately I saw the two prisoners appear at the step of the door just by the entrance—I and the sergeant followed them a short distance; no one else was about then—we went up to them, brought them back to the tavern, and roused the house, and Mr. Preston came down—we found the office had been robbed—I said to the prisoners, "Where do you come from?"—Edwards said, "I come from Soho way"—Rogers said, "I have been to a funeral, and I have just met him at the corner of Fenchurch Street"—I turned out their pockets; Edwards had 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze, a half-crown, three sixpences, a shilling and a foreign coin, and one cigar—I asked him where he got the coppers from—he said, "I got them by gambling"—I said, "Were you gambling with cards, or what?"—he said, "No, tossing in the street"—I found nothing on Rogers relating to the charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Edwards.</hi> I arrested you forty yards from the public-house—you were walking very slowly—you made no statement to me outside the public-house—you did not point out an inspector going in another direction, and say I had better call him; he was present in the ordinary course of duty, and had nothing to do with this case—I took you into the public-house—you took the keys out of your pocket, I took the coppers out—as the coins lay on the counter the landlord, who was at a distance of two yards, identified the foreign coin, and said, "I will swear to that coin"—I did not put it in his hand—I did not hand it to the barman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Rogers.</hi> I have no doubt you came out of the house—I halloaed out afterwards to the sergeant, "Is that door still open?"—I did not say to the landlord, "Do you know that coin?"</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. When I saw the prisoners their backs were towards the entrance of the door—I saw the door was open three or four minutes before I saw the prisoners; immediately I had placed myself in a position to see the door the men appeared—I was watching about forty yards from the door, because I had no idea why it was open.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-129" type="surname" value="PEARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-129" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PEARMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Police Sergeant</hi> 72). About half-past twelve on the early morning of Monday, 19th November, I was going my rounds; Westwood made a communication to me, and in consequence of it I watched the entrance to this house—I saw the two prisoners outside the door on the threshold—it was very dark; I could not see which way they faced—they walked down Fish Street Hill towards Lower Thames Street—I followed and overtook them in Arthur Street East—Westwood came down Pudding Lane and joined me—we asked the prisoners where they came from—Rogers said he had been to a funeral at Ilford; Edwards said he came from Soho—Rogers said he joined Edwards at the corner of Grace-church Street—we took them back to the Monument Tavern, and roused the manager, who came down—he searched the bar in the prisoners' presence, and stated about £1 worth of coppers were stolen, 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. silver, a French coin, and a quantity of cigars—Westwood took 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in coppers from Edwards's side coat pocket, and then Edwards turned his pockets out—the things were laid on the counter—the manager identified a foreign coin, standing about one or two yards from the bar; he picked the coin up in the prisoners' presence, and said, "I will swear to that coin as lying in the bar on the till for a fortnight"—he told me about the moneys he had missed, and this coin, before it was produced—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000026"/>
<p>Edwards took the coin, with other silver, from his trousers pocket—nothing was found on Rogers—next morning I examined the fanlight over the door—it is about two feet long, and opens to twelve inches at the widest part—a very small boy might squeeze through it—a person might have remained in the public-house and broken out afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I followed you down the hill, and overtook you, I dare say fifty yards from the door—the door found open might be about six feet from the corner of the turning—I will swear you did not come round the corner; I was standing in Eastcheap.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Rogers.</hi> I saw some people go up Eastcheap, not across it, towards Fish Street Hill—I was there when Westwood asked where you came from—all the assistants were found in the house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-130" type="surname" value="PRESTON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-130" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PRESTON</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Gelling, who keeps the Monument Tavern, Fish Street Hill—on Sunday, November 18th, I went to bed about 11.30, after seeing the house securely fastened up—this side door was fastened inside with four bolts—I left on the till in the bar £1 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. coppers, 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, and a fifty-cent piece which had been there for a fortnight; there were a lot of cigars—about 12.30 I was aroused by the police—I came down and found the gas jet in the bar, which we leave burning all night, was out, and the door at the far end of the bar, which is left open for the police to see in, was closed—the policeman brought the prisoners in—I found the coppers, the 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and the foreign coin were missing, and in the office a lot of papers were thrown about—about eighteen sixpenny cigars had been taken from glasses in the bar—the side door was open—next morning when it was daylight I examined the fanlight over the door, and found traces of footmarks on the side, from the gaslight to the window ledge—it looked as if someone had helped a person up—I recognise this as the same coin that was on the shelf; I can swear to it from its general appearance—these cigars I know; they are two different sorts that we have at our place—we have some now just the same.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Edwards.</hi> This coin had been in our possession for a fortnight, and I had become used to it—this is the only one I can remember taking—I called my assistants' attention to it, and told them not to take any more like it—my two assistants and my housekeeper recognised it some yards away—there is a mark on it near the nose of the face, a slight flaw.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Rogers.</hi> I identified it at first by its appearance on the counter—I picked it out of the money taken from your pocket—I compared this cigar, and then said it was one of ours.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence of Edwards.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-131" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-131" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HARVEY</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman; I live at 21, Dyott Street, Russell Street—about four Sundays ago, on the 11th November, I gave you three small silver coins; one was an American ten-cent piece, a dime, one a fifty-centime French piece, and the other a five-cent Spanish coin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I said before the Magistrate I gave them to him about two weeks ago. (
<hi rend="italic">The words in the Depositions were</hi>: "I gave Edwards some foreign coins three weeks ago")—I have known him thirteen or fourteen years; he is not exactly a friend—I have been at sea—I was at home at Dyott Street on 18th November, between twelve and one—I showed him the coins and he said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000027"/>
<p>" I should like them to put on my watch chain"—I said, "You can have them; they are no use to me"—it was on the 11th, four Sundays ago.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Edwards, in the defence, said he had got the coppers by gambling.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Rogers said he was coming home from Ilford when he met Edwards, and they were walking and talking together, and the policeman took them.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-100-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-100-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-100-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in March,</hi> 1885,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of
<persName id="t18881210-name-132">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-132" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18881210-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-name-132 t18881210-alias-4"/>Price</rs> </persName>.—
<rs id="t18881210-100-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-100-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-100-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18881210 t18881210-100-punishment-19"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROGERS</hi>†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18881210-100-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-100-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-100-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-100-18881210 t18881210-100-punishment-20"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-101">
<interp inst="t18881210-101" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-101" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-101-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18881210 t18881210-101-offence-1 t18881210-101-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-101-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-101-18881210 t18881210-101-offence-1 t18881210-101-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-101-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-101-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18881210" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18881210" type="surname" value="WAILING"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18881210" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WAILING</hi> (22)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-101-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-101-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-101-18881210" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-101-18881210" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def2-101-18881210" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GEORGE SMITH</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-101-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-101-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-101-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelhng-house of
<persName id="t18881210-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-135" type="surname" value="LAZARUS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-135" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-135" type="occupation" value="refreshment-house keeper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-101-offence-1 t18881210-name-135"/>Charles Lazarus</persName>, and stealing his goods.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WAILING</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-101-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-101-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-101-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYONS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-136" type="surname" value="LAZARUS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-136" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LAZARUS</persName> </hi>. I keep a refreshment-house at 51, Mansell Street, Whitechapel—between two and three on the morning of 2nd December I was called by the police—I came down and found the bottom part of the parlour window open and the place disarranged—three bottles of whisky and one of brandy of cigarettes, and a piece of lace were shown me at the station; I missed them from my house—at half-past twelve I had fastened everything up before going to bed—there was a children's cabinet in the room; the drawers were all open and the lace taken out—I identify these things as those I lost.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-137" type="surname" value="GLAZEBROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-137" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GLAZEBROOK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 200). About 2.10 on December 2nd I saw the two prisoners with two other men standing at the top Mansell Street—I went up and wanted to know what they were standing there for—they walked away; I walked after them, rather sharp—I began to run and they ran—I followed Wailing, and when I got near him he threw two bottles away out of his pocket; these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are the fragments.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-138" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-138" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HOWARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 93). About twenty minutes past two on the morning of 2nd December I was in Halfmoon Passage, Whitechapel—I saw Smith and another man walk out of Great Alie Street into the passage—I heard a whistle blow, and immediately Smith and the other man ran; I followed—Smith was caught by another policeman before me in Commercial Road, after having run through three streets; as I pursued him he threw a bottle of whisky away on to the pavement; these are the fragments (
<hi rend="italic">produce</hi>)—he had this box of cigarettes in his hand when he was caught—I sent him in the custody of two constables to the station, while I proceeded after another man who got away—I searched Smith afterwards at the station, and found on him this piece of lace and this knife in his right-hand trousers pocket—the lace the prosecutor identified as his property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-139" type="surname" value="THRASHER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-139" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD THRASHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector E</hi>). I charged Smith at Leman Street on 2nd December—the constable told me in his presence about this box of cigarettes, and Smith said, "They were given to me by Bill Hughes at Bishopsgate"—I asked him where Bill Hughes lived—he said he did not know—he was searched, and this knife was found on him—I found this blade was blunted and broken as if recently done—I told him of it; he made no reply—I west to 51, Mansell Street; I found the catch of the window had been pushed back, and there were marks, which I com
<lb/>pared with the knife, and found were such as would be caused by the catch being pushed back by the knife—I had the prisoner brought out</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000028"/>
<p>of the cells in the morning and told him—he said, "Is not the other blade blunted as well?"—I opened the other blade and pointed out to him that it was not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SMITH</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">in his defence, said he had a drop of drink at the time.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18881210-101-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-101-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-101-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18881210-101-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-101-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-101-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-101-18881210 t18881210-101-punishment-21"/>Six Months' Hard labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WAILING</hi>
<rs id="t18881210-101-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-101-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-101-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18881210 t18881210-101-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-90a">
<interp inst="t18881210-90a" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-90a" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-90a-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-90a-18881210 t18881210-90a-offence-1 t18881210-90a-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-90a-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-90a-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-90a-18881210" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-90a-18881210" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HAMILTON</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-90a-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-90a-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-90a-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18881210-90a-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-90a-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-90a-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> to unlawfully and carnally knowing
<persName id="t18881210-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-141" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-141" type="age" value="between 13 and 16"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-141" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-141" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-90a-offence-1 t18881210-name-141"/>Louisa Lawrence</persName>, a girl between the ages of thirteen and sixteen.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18881210-90a-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-90a-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-90a-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-90a-18881210 t18881210-90a-punishment-23"/>Two Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, December</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1888.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-102">
<interp inst="t18881210-102" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-102" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-102-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18881210 t18881210-102-offence-1 t18881210-102-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-102-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-102-18881210 t18881210-102-offence-1 t18881210-102-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-102-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-102-18881210 t18881210-102-offence-1 t18881210-102-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-102-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-102-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18881210" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18881210" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18881210" type="given" value="CORNELIUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CORNELIUS SULLIVAN</hi> (26)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-102-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-102-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-102-18881210" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-102-18881210" type="surname" value="LAURENCE"/>
<interp inst="def2-102-18881210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM LAURENCE</hi> (23)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-102-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-102-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-102-18881210" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def3-102-18881210" type="surname" value="LYNCH"/>
<interp inst="def3-102-18881210" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LYNCH</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-102-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-102-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-102-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18881210-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-145" type="surname" value="SPINK"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-145" type="given" value="HARRY NELSON BOWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-145" type="occupation" value="chemist"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-102-offence-1 t18881210-name-145"/>Harry Nelson Bowman Spink</persName>, and stealing three coats and other articles, postage stamps, and £4 money.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-146" type="surname" value="TILLOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-146" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOSEPH"/>WILLIAM JOSEPH TILLOTT</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Spink, a chemist, of 3, Marsham Street, Westminster—I do not reside on the premises—a constable named George New and his wife live there, and occupy rooms above the shop—on Friday night, 23rd November, about half-past ten, I shut up the premises securely—about eight next morning on going there I was spoken to by Mrs. New—I then examined the premises, and found that the lock of a desk at the end of the counter had been broken open—some jewellery and a gold watch, value about £20, was in that desk, and was not taken—it could not be easily seen—the shop is also used as a post-office, and at the back of the shop there is a warehouse with a glass roof—I noticed that the glass had been broken large enough for a man to get through—under the hole there was a ladder not belonging to the premises—on further search I missed three coats and a mackintosh—two of the coats had been hanging in the shop the night before, and the other two in the sitting-room—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are three of the coats, the mackintosh I have not seen since—these boots had been in the sitting room—I also missed £3 or £4 worth of postage-stamps, and about the same amount of money—I think I have seen Laurence and Lynch before, loitering about in Marsham-street, but I am not sure.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-147" type="surname" value="SPINK"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-147" type="given" value="HARRY NELSON BOWMAN"/>HARRY NELSON BOWMAN SPINK</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist and postmaster of 3, Marsham Street, Westminster—I reside at Wandsworth—on Friday night, 23rd November, I left these three coats hanging in the sitting-room, a white handkerchief was in the pocket of the black coat; this is it, it has my name on it in full in my daughter's writing; there were also in the pocket of one of the coats these two cards and a number of papers—the mackintosh was hanging in the shop—these boots are mine; they were under the sofa in the sitting-room—this glove is mine, and was in one of the coats; there were two of them—I left the premises between five and six; these things were all safe then—next morning I returned to the premises about ten, and besides these things I missed some postage stamps and money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-148" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-148" type="surname" value="NEW"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-148" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH NEW</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George New, and live at 3, Marsham Street—about two o'clock in the morning of 24th November I was awoke</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000029"/>
<p>by a sort of lumping noise downstairs as if something dropped—I got up and looked at the clock, and spoke to my husband, and then went to sleep again—we did not go down—I woke again at five, and got up at seven—the house was perfectly safe during that time—when I got up I found the hole in the glass roof—as soon as Mr. Tillott came I told him about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Lynch.</hi> I had seen you with two others loitering about several times in the evening, after the shop was closed, watching the house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-149" type="surname" value="MCCORMACK"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-149" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MCCORMACK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman M</hi> 355). On Saturday morning, 24th November, about half-past eight, I was with Tredger on duty in the Old Kent Road, and saw Laurence and Lynch going in the direction of the Elephant and Castle; Laurence was carrying a brown coat on his left arm—after they had passed, Lynch's outer coat was blown aside, and I saw that he was wearing three coats—we followed them; they went into the Dun Cow public-house—in two or three minutes they came out—I asked Lynch what he had about him—he made no answer—I told him he would have to accompany me to the station—he said, "God blind me, you don't take me"—he became very violent, threw me to the ground, and kicked me about the stomach and legs—after a severe struggle I overpowered him—I took out my whistle, assistance came, and we conveyed him to the station—he was searched—he was wearing these two coats, an overcoat and a jacket—this handkerchief was in the pocket of the black coat, and a glove—Lynch was wearing these boots—three boxes of matches were found on him—the inspector asked where he got the coats—he said, "From Ben the Jew in Petticoat Lane"—Laurence walked quietly to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-150" type="surname" value="TREDGER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-150" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL TREDGER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman M</hi> 357). I was with McCormack—I took charge of Laurence; he went very quietly—on the way to the station George Wood handed me a little paper parcel—I opened it at the station; it contained a knife and eleven keys, one in the shape of a skeleton—the wards had been filed away; when arrested he was carrying on his arm this brown coat with a velvet collar, which Mr. Spink has identified—on my questioning him as to having so many coats, he said, "All right, guv'nor, they are my own."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-151" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-151" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WOOD</persName> </hi>. I live at 29, Drapers' Road, Bermondsey—I saw the last witness taking Laurence to the station with an overcoat on his arm; I saw him drop this brown paper parcel into the gutter—I called the constable's attention to it, and gave him the parcel—further on he dropped another little parcel, which I also picked up and gave to the constable—that contained smaller keys.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-152" type="surname" value="BUCKSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-152" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BUCKSTONE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman P</hi> 211). About one o'clock on Saturday morning, 1st December, I was in Peckham Park Road—the prisoner Sullivan came across the road and said to me, "I want to give myself up for burglary"—seeing he was under the influence of drink I asked him if he knew what he was saying—he said, "Yes, well"—I said, "Well, I caution you, you can say what you like, I will take you to the station"—going along he said, "Two chums of mine done a job at Westminster at a doctor's shop, and they will be at Southwark to-day; we got a lot of stamps and coats, and you may as well have me as anyone else"—some two hours after at the station when he was sober he repeated the state
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000030"/>
<p>—it was taken down, he signed it, and it was handed to Sergeant Waldock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-153" type="surname" value="WALDOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-153" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALDOCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant A</hi>). On 28th November I went to Mr. Spink's shop with this knife, and compared it with some marks on the library window leading from the warehouse—it had been recently painted, and I found similar colour on the knife—on 1st December, about 8.30 a.m., I was at Bermondsey Police-station, when I saw Sullivan—he said, "Good morning, Mr. Waldock"—I said, "I understand you have given yourself up for being concerned with Lynch and Laurence, in custody, for breaking into Mr. Spink's shop in Westminster last Saturday morning"—he said, "Yes, it's quite right; I knew I should be
<hi rend="italic">lagged</hi> sooner or later; I knew you would have me, I thought I would give you no more trouble; I have been miserable ever since; we were all
<hi rend="italic">boozed</hi> when we done it"—as I took him to the Westminster Police-court in a cab, I said, "Well, you seem pretty candid about the matter, where is the other property? where are the stamps?"—he said, "I had no stamps; all I had was the mackintosh; that I sold I don't know where"—there was a written statement by Sullivan which was handed to me by Buck-stone; I handed it to the Treasury.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners Laurence and Lynch, in their defence, denied committing the burglary, and stated that they bought the coats and boots of a Jew for</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sullivan stated that he was drunk when he made the statement to the officers, and was suffering from delirium tremens.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-102-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-102-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-102-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Laurence</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at this Court in July,</hi> 1885,
<hi rend="italic">and Lynch to a conviction at this Court in March,</hi> 1886.
<hi rend="largeCaps">LAURENCE</hi>
<rs id="t18881210-102-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-102-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-102-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-102-18881210 t18881210-102-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LYNCH</hi>**—
<rs id="t18881210-102-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-102-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-102-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-102-18881210 t18881210-102-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18881210-102-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-102-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-102-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18881210 t18881210-102-punishment-26"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday and Thursday, December</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th and</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th; and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Friday, December</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1888.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-103">
<interp inst="t18881210-103" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-103" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-103-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18881210 t18881210-103-offence-1 t18881210-103-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-103-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-103-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18881210" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18881210" type="surname" value="GINGER"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18881210" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18881210" type="occupation" value="canvasser and collector for photographers"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY GEORGE GINGER</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18881210-103-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-103-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-103-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining £1 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of
<persName id="t18881210-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-155" type="surname" value="HEWLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-155" type="given" value="WILLIAM ARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-155" type="occupation" value="chief clerk"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18881210-103-offence-1 t18881210-name-155"/>William Arthur Hewlett</persName>, by false pretences.
<hi rend="italic">Other counts,</hi> for making false entries in certain books.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-156" type="surname" value="HEWLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-156" type="given" value="WILLIAM ARTHUR"/>WILLIAM ARTHUR HEWLETT</persName> </hi>. I am chief clerk to George Taylor, who trades as A. and G. Taylor, photographers—the prisoner became their canvasser and collector for the Thames Valley district at the end of March—his duty was to canvass for orders for people to have their photographs taken at our place, and to collect the money weekly—he had previously travelled in the same district for drapery on his own account—our system is 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week, and when half is paid we allow a sitting, but do not deliver the photograph till the whole amount is paid up—he had a book of forms like this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—each set of three has a distinct number; one receipt is given to the customer, the other is the order which is sent to us, and the inner counterfoil he had for his own information—we paid him 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. commission on each good 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. order, and 10 per cent. on the cash he collected—for 21
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. orders he had 15 per cent., and 10 per cent. for collection—he sent us orders up</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000031"/>
<p>to the end of August—Mr. Lee made a discovery, and went down, and a few days after that the prisoner was dismissed—he had up to that time sent out 575 forms—he accounted to me the first week for 13 orders, and afterwards to Mr. Lee—one was a 21
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and all the others 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. orders—Lupton, of the Waterman's Arms, Richmond, was the 21
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. order, on which he represented that Mr. Lupton had paid 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—at the same time he presented an order of Mrs. Mala, of Tapestry House, Mortlake, and represented that she had paid 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and when it was wholly collected he would be entitled to 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on it—I believed the other orders were genuine, and paid him 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. each on them on 21st July—here is a 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. order from Mr. Brown, of 6, Carlton Street Road, Richmond, and another order from Mr. Warren, of 4, Cambridge Park Mews, Richmond, and another from Mr. Burk, care of Mr. Bullock, Railway Hotel, Twickenham—there are four orders all purporting to be Warner's, and two from Mr. and Mrs. Batt, of Heath field Road, Twickenham; one from James Cross, 6, Rosedale Cottages, Richmond; four from George Conquest, 5, High Street, Handcroft—there are several orders in the same name, because if I had a family and wanted my daughters photographed, I should give them in their own names—here are three orders in the name of F. Barr, Catherine Road, Twickenham; and three for another Barr, of Twickenham; two for Braithwaite, 10, Charlotte Road, Twickenham; eight for Margaret Spanwich, of Mortlake; two from James Potter, of Mortlake, and two for James Slater, Potter's Cottages, Mortlake, all in the prisoner's writing—he handed them to us—about fifty of them were genuine—on 11th August here are two orders purporting to be Blay's, a baker of Twickenham, and six in different names to the care of Blay; two to George Driver, Slater's Gardens, Twickenham; and eleven others at George Driver's address—I have eight orders to the care of Cheap, and two to Cheap himself—here is one order to J. Marlow, and two to Mrs. Marlow, of Tapestry House, Mortlake—one is for Bright, to the care of Blay, and a collecting-card was sent for that—when I got the orders I gave a collecting-card, which Ginger initialed when he took the money, and on this card he has accounted for 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he got the value of 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on each 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. order, either in money or account—when he came on Saturday I handed him over to Mr. Lee, after which I scrutinised the account, but not always, and allowed him 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on each new order, and in that way he has obtained from me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on each of the orders proved—I wondered to see so many orders in the name of Blay—he said Blay was a baker, and allowed him to go round in his cart, and introduced him to his customers, and after that the collecting-cards were sent to Blay's address; that was considered a good idea of his, and I advised him to keep it up, as he was known in the neighbourhood, and could do that with many of the tradesmen—when he was putting his own address for the cards to be sent to, he said that they were his own friends, or persons who did not like a collector to call, who were to pay at his house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Prisoner.</hi> After I spoke to you you showed me and Mr. Lee the round, and the places where you got the orders—I went with you to Hounslow Barracks, with a man to canvass for customers—that was the first day we discovered what you had done—we went to your guarantee—you said you could get eight customers a week to make up for what you improperly had, and I said I would lay it before my principals—I did not send you this book as late as September 15th—Mr. Lee</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000032"/>
<p>reported that you took him to a fresh customer and got a 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. order—you could take orders on a cab-rank or at the corner of a street, so long as they were genuine—we had no objection to your employing a person to canvass, if you were responsible—one man wrote to us for 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. commission—the order was made out and signed by you, and we did not know who took it.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES IRVING LUPTON</hi>. I am a veterinary surgeon, of the Vineyard, Richmond—I know the Waterman's Arms, Richmond, but I did not give this order or pay the money—I do not think there is another Mr. Lupton in Richmond.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-157" type="surname" value="STILL"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-157" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY STILL</persName> </hi>. I keep the Waterman's Arms—I paid a shilling and gave an order, but it had nothing to do with the prisoner, I do not know him—it is two or three years back—I only know Mr. Lupton by name.</p>
<p>W. A.
<hi rend="smallCaps">HEWLETT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). On this order, 26,203, the prisoner has written "Lupton, veterinary surgeon, Vineyard, Richmond"—he has put down 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. as if it was a genuine order; 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. each week, and has gone on putting in false orders afterwards, so as to cover it—he has never paid us one halfpenny of it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was a 21
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. order—3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. commission was due to you on it—if a customer joined and did not go on; you had to forfeit the commission.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-158" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-158" type="surname" value="MARA"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-158" type="given" value="CATHARINE"/>CATHARINE MARA</persName> </hi>. I am single, and live at Tapestry House, Mort-lake—I know the prisoner—I never gave him any orders for photographs for Taylor's, or paid him any money—cards came addressed to me and I gave them to the prisoner—I know nothing of this order—there is no Mrs. Mara.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You used to call on Saturdays to ask for the cards—we did not know what they were—you did not ask me to take the money off—my sisters and I are the only persons living there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-159" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-159" type="surname" value="BANWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-159" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY BANWELL</persName> </hi>. I am a sister of the last witness, and live with her—my husband is dead—I knew the prisoner travelling in the drapery trade, and have dealt with him—he asked me to give him an order for a photograph—I said I could not afford it, and I never paid him for it, but on the 8th August two packets of cards came—I asked him to take them away or I should return them—he asked us to keep them—Mr. Taylor's name was on them—they were given to Mr. Lee when he came.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-160" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-160" type="surname" value="MARA"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-160" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN MARA</persName> </hi>. I am a sister of the last witnesses, and live with them—I never gave the prisoner an order for a photograph, or paid him any money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I used to cook your dinner for you on Saturdays, when you called—it is not true that you used to put a shilling on the card, instead of paying for your dinner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. A HEWLETT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This "Marlow, 1, Tapestry House, Mortlake," is in the prisoner's writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-161" type="surname" value="BARR"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-161" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK BARR</persName> </hi>. I am a carpenter, of 5, Catherine Road—I did not give the prisoner an order for a 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. photograph to be done at Taylor's, or pay him any money—some cards came for me, and some for my sister, who put them in the fire—I met the prisoner afterwards, and he said, "Don't look round"—I said, "What for?"—he said, "That man behind has been and
<hi rend="italic">rounded</hi> on me"—I said, "Why?"—he said, "Don't look round; it will be all right; a collector will be down to-day"—I said, "What has that to do with me?"—he said, "Look here; I will go and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000033"/>
<p>get the cards, and will give you 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and you pay the collector"—I had my own card—Mr. Lee called, and I paid him the 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and Ginger paid 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. out of his own pocket for Smith in August—Mr. Lee is not the person who was there when he told me not to look round.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were five cards; when you took the 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. off the card there were three cards on the table.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-162" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-162" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD LEE</persName> </hi>. I remember going to Barr's house—he paid me 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I don't know whether I marked it on the card or whether Ginger did—I believe it was July 7th—it was the first time I went—there was no conversation about it between me and the prisoner on that occasion—there were three cards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-163" type="surname" value="BLAY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-163" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BLAY</persName> </hi>. I am a baker, of Second Gross Road, Twickenham—on 10th August I went to a public-house in Brentford with the prisoner—he asked me if I would mind his sending a few cards to my house—I said, "No"—that was on Friday, and on Sunday some cards came, and after that another lot—he called for them on the Wednesday, and took them away—he did not ask me for an order for a photograph, and I never gave him one—he did not go round in my cart to be shown my customers, and I know nothing of any orders.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-164" type="surname" value="BRATHWAITE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-164" type="given" value="FREDERIC"/>FREDERIC BRATHWAITE</persName> </hi>. I am a ferryman at Twickenham—I know the prisoner—I never gave him an order for my photograph, to be executed at Taylor's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You asked me to join, but I did not, and I never received anything—I did not accept the first shilling—you gave me one of these forms.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-165" type="surname" value="SPANSWICK"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-165" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY SPANSWICK</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George Spanswick, of Mortlake—I promised the prisoner an order for a photograph; I cannot say when—he never called after that till a young canvasser from Taylor's (not Mr. Lee) called about three weeks after, about my coming up here—I have never paid anything.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You asked me to join; I said I had no money, but if you paid the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. I would pay you; you did not call again.</p>
<p>W. A.
<hi rend="smallCaps">HEWLETT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This entry "Braithwaite, 10, Shirland Road, Twickenham," in the prisoner's book is not his writing; it was copied in the office from an order in his writing—we cross it off with red ink when we enter it up in the ledger—he pretended to have got 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on each order from Braithwaite, 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. altogether—he pretended to have got 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from Mr. Spanswick, 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on each of the two orders—the dates are June and July.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-166" type="surname" value="POTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-166" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES POTTON</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer of 2, Vineyard, Mortlake—the prisoner asked me to give him two thirty-shilling orders for photographs—I said it was no use, I should not be able to keep it up—I paid him nothing—two collecting cards afterwards came to me from Messrs. Taylor which I burnt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-167" type="surname" value="STARKEY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-167" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE STARKEY</persName> </hi>. My husband is a labourer of Potter's Cottage, Mort-lake—I know the prisoner well—he asked me to give him an order for photographs—I said I could not afford it—I never gave him one or paid any money—he gave me two pink papers, which I destroyed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You put the pink papers on the table and said, "I will give you these just to make a start"—I had some cards sent from the office.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000034"/>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He never asked me for any money after I said I could not afford it—he called after with tea, but he never mentioned the photographs.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-168" type="surname" value="DRIVER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-168" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DRIVER</persName> </hi>. I keep a general shop at Station Cottages, Twicken-ham—the prisoner asked me to try and get some orders for photographs for him, and I laughed at him—I never gave him these twelve orders for photographs, nor did I give him the names of eleven persons which appeared here—I never paid him any money—a packet of cards came, which Mr. Lee took away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You gave me a cheque-book and asked me to get orders—you left a photo in my shop which is there now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-169" type="surname" value="COURT"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-169" type="given" value="GILBERT"/>GILBERT COURT</persName> </hi>. I keep the Grey Horse, Richmond Road, Kensington,—I know the prisoner as a customer—some little time ago he showed me a card purporting to be Mr. Wright's card, and said that it was paid up—it has on it "1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 28
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. H. Ginger"—he said 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. had been paid on it, and he had paid the 28
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on it for Mr. Wright, who had thrown it on his hands—he offered it to me for a sovereign—I refused, and he offered it for 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I refused, and ultimately bought it for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I parted with my money, believing I had a right to have the photographs—he did not call after.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-170" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-170" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD LEE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I am clerk to Mr. Taylor, under Mr. Hewlett—I sometimes went through the book with the prisoner, and he would ratify the account—on, I believe, 2nd July, I went to test his round; he took me to several customers—I got a shilling from Barr on that occasion—I don't know whether I signed or whether he did—I did not know that he had supplied the shilling to Barr—I thought it was a genuine order—I went again the middle of August—Mr. Hewlett had written to make an appointment, and I sent a telegram overnight to make sure: he was not there, and I had to make another appointment; and when I went I saw his mother—I then called on Mr. Blay—till then I thought the orders were good—I went to Driver's the same time, and to a third place—on the next Saturday I saw Ginger, and in my presence Mr. Hewlett told him what I had reported—he said all the orders were genuine—I went round with him the next week, and found that a number of addresses in his book were correct, but in the majority of cases no order had been given—in one case he had put eight orders down to a man at Isleworth—I saw the man, and he said he had only given three—I said to Ginger, "How do you account for this? here are eight here; are they false?"—he said, "Yes"—I pressed him to go to Norbiton, as eight or nine orders were given there—he said, "It is no use going there; only two orders are genuine"—I said, "Are the others false?"—he said, "Yes"—Child, the plaintiff's officer, and I went over the ground again to all the people whose addresses we had, and out of the 375 orders not more than 50 were genuine—Child looked at the Directory, and could not find Carlton Street Road, and while we were looking at the list Ginger came up and spoke to us, and Child asked him where Carlton Street Road, Richmond, was—he said he did not know it, and could not direct us—I sent a letter there by post, and it was returned marked "unknown"—I did not get a shilling at Tapestry House—"Marlow" should be "Mara"—neither of the three ladies living there paid a shilling in my presence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-171" type="surname" value="CHILD"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-171" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CHILD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). I went and tested the 21st</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000035"/>
<p>of July week—I tested 35 orders, and none were genuine—12 were at Gloucester Villas, Twickenham; that is his own address—I was at Kew, trying to find Carlton Street Road, when he came up, and I asked him to direct me—he said he did not know it, and as far as I know there is no such place—I went to Mara's house and Warner's and Bush, and found them bogus—I have not seen Mrs. Cheap here; I saw her on Monday—I made inquiries there, and found they had given one order and he sent them two, and afterwards some cards came which were given to me—I took him in custody on 13th September, and read the warrant to him—he said, "Yes, that is wrong."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went to the Plough at Kew, and the landlord had left, and two or three landlords had been there since—I also saw the landlord of the Plough at Brentford—neither of them knew you.</p>
<p>W. A.
<hi rend="smallCaps">HEWLETT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). As to transferring a card, any person who presented it would get the value, if it agreed with our books—the prisoner only paid 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., not 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—no money passed between us—he made out his bill for commission, and presented it to the cashier, and he had a slip given him, showing the amount of the collection—he has obtained more than £50.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The last sixteen orders we have not paid you for, because we knew they were not good—4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. is not due to you on each of those orders, because they are not genuine—we always allowed you to keep the money you collected—we pay after the second shilling is paid.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> We agreed to pay him on orders which he had received the second shilling on, from an actual person—not one of the last sixteen orders is genuine—he was asked each Saturday if he had received the second shilling on each.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-172" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-172" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD LEE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the Prisoner</hi>). When I went round with you, you suggested making good, bad customers with good ones—a new 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. order was given which I have not paid you for.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. I had not authority from Messrs. Taylor to compromise matters with him—he said that there was an actual person who paid a shilling—I did not at that time know the extent of his misconduct.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his Defence, stated that it had been his practice to pay the first shilling for most of the new customers to induce them to subscribe, and was out of pocket by it, and that he also employed an assistant, and paid him; and that when he found the payments were not kept up, instead of refunding the money he had received, he offered to replace the bad orders with good ones, to which Mr. Hewlett agreed, and that Mr. Taylor had asked his mother, who was his security, to mortgage her furniture to pay him. He called,</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-173" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-173" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I did not go to your guarantee, Mr. Lovell, and ask him if he was prepared to pay £25—I sent for him, and told him your position—he said he was out of work, and I said he ought to be ashamed of himself to become guarantee—I had made inquiries at first as to his solvency—I did not speak about your mother keeping a school, or say anything about her mortgaging her furniture—I did not say, "Your mother would rather see you go to prison."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18881210-103-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-103-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-103-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. —
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18881210-103-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-103-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-103-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18881210 t18881210-103-punishment-27"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18881210-104">
<interp inst="t18881210-104" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18881210"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-104" type="date" value="18881210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-104-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-104-18881210 t18881210-104-offence-1 t18881210-104-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18881210-104-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-104-18881210 t18881210-104-offence-1 t18881210-104-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000036"/>
<persName id="def1-104-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-104-18881210" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18881210" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18881210" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANE LEVY</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-104-18881210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-104-18881210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-104-18881210" type="surname" value="COTTEE"/>
<interp inst="def2-104-18881210" type="given" value="ARTHUR ANDREW"/>
<interp inst="def2-104-18881210" type="occupation" value="servant"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR ANDREW COTTEE</hi> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18881210-104-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18881210-104-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-104-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/> certain misdemeanours under the Bankruptcy Act.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">. MR. BESLEY</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MARSHALL HALL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORACE AVORY</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ARTHUR GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-176" type="surname" value="L'ENFANT"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-176" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES L'ENFANT</persName> </hi>. I am an official of the London Bankruptcy Court—I produce the file of proceedings in the bankruptcy of Jane Levy—the petition, dated April 23rd, is filed by the bankrupt herself, and the receiving order is dated the same day—on 25th March she was adjudicated bankrupt—the gross liabilities are £2,759 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., of which £1,176 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. are expected to rank against the estate—the total assets are £217—Cottee is returned as a servant, for £21, for seven weeks' wages—the deficiency is £998 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—Mr. Hasluck was appointed trustee on 28th May—there is a document on the file signed by him—the bankrupt was examined on 21st June—there was a private examination on 11th July, at which Solomon Levy, Jane Levy, and Cottee were examined—among the liabilities there is £1,373 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on some promissory notes, and there are some notes signed by the bankrupt with regard to her, due as to her liability under the claims—Mr. Louis Levy, of Brunswick Square, is returned as a creditor for £633 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—£300 is due from Mr. James Armedix; that is disputed altogether, on the ground that it was money lent to Mr. Louis Levy—the whole assets returned are £87 for the stock-in-trade at 265, Pentonville Road, £10 for trade fixtures and utensils, and £40 for household's furniture, and £80 with respect to pictures at Bedford Place.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> At least £1,663 of the debts set out are disputed by Mrs. Levy—£1,363 is on the promissory notes, and, in addition to that, there is £300 alleged to be due to Mrs. Armedix; that is disputed altogether—the total amount of trade debts, apart from these liabilities, is £149, out of which Cottee appears as a creditor for £30 for money lent, and Mr. Sear as a creditor for £84; he is a partner of the trustee—Mr. Buck is a creditor for £20; Sear's debt is for goods released; I cannot tell how that was contracted—the two defendants were examined on 11th July—the bankrupt passed her public examination on 26th July.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-177" type="surname" value="SHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-177" type="given" value="GEORGE BLAGRAVE"/>GEORGE BLAGRAVE SHELL</persName> </hi>. I am the senior official short-hand writer at the Bankruptcy Court—a correct transcript of my notes of the examination of the two defendants is on the file.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-178" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-178" type="given" value="ALFRED GEORGE"/>ALFRED GEORGE MILLS</persName> </hi>. I am a porter, of 28, Pentonville Road—in 1887 I was in the service of Louis Levy at 265, Pentonville Road—Miss Levy, the defendant, succeeded to the business in 1887, I believe; it was a clothing and outfitting business; they dealt in ready-made suits of clothes—there was another business carried on by Louis Levy in Upper East Smithfield—when Miss Levy succeeded to the business I entered their employment—before that she managed the business for Louis—Cottee was in their employ as a cutter—Solomon Levy was engaged in the business at East Smithfield, and a boy named Evans—I remember a writ being served on Miss Levy—she said she should not pay a penny of it—on Saturday, 22nd April, Cottee asked me to go to Pentonville Road on the Sunday—I did not go there as a rule on Sunday, but I arrived there at nine—the shop was not open—Cottee let me in—Miss Levy was there during the day—I had my breakfast—I was in the cutting-room with Cottee some time at the back part of the shop—he told me to pack up goods—he took a piece of chalk and marked a lot of them—some were</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000037"/>
<p>in the cutting-room and some in the shop—I had to carefully brush them and pack them—while I was doing so I saw both Cottee and Miss Levy—I packed up ready-made suits and all the best black morning coats and waistcoats and overcoats—they made five parcels; it took me all day to do it, from nine till nine—I packed them in brown paper—the value of them was about £100—Cottee told me to get a four-wheeled cab and take the things to his mother's—I did so—I put the five parcels I had packed in the cab roughly, and they filled it—I rode on the box to 28, Pentonville Road, where I live with Mrs. Young; I went up to my room—a young man and young woman were sitting there, the woman was a servant of Miss Levy's—we then went to 15, Greenwood Street, Mile End, where Mrs. Cottee, the prisoner's mother, lived—Miss Levy heard Cottee tell me to take them there—we got there about 9.30—it is a private house—I saw Mrs. Cottee—I took the goods out of the cab to the first floor back, and then went back home—I paid the cabman; Miss Levy gave me the money—next day I saw Cottee at the shop, he asked me if it was all right last night, I said, "Yes"—he said, "Hold your noise, and take no notice"—I had 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week wages from Miss Levy, and my board; I had to find my own lodging—a few days after this, the goods which I had taken to Mrs. Cottee's were removed to Johnson's, "The Little Wonder"—Cottee sent me there; it is a chandler's shop—Cottee was with me—he slept at King's Cross that night—I went with him one night and slept at Mrs. Cottee's, and next day I removed the things from Johnson's—I went to the Sovereign Hotel, Mile End, that night with Cottee—he hired Godfrey, a cabman, and told him to be round at Greenwood Street at seven next morning—he did not get there till about eight—I was there when he arrived, but Cottee was not—the goods had then been removed to Johnson's—I directed the cabman to go to Johnson's; he drove there, I walked—I went up stairs, fetched the things, and filled the cab—I had directions to go to Cottee's, and to get off the cab on the hill before I got to the shop—Johnson went in the cab with the packages—I got off the cab on Pentonville Hill—the cab went to the shop, and I walked up and found Cottee and Johnson unloading it; that was about three weeks after the things were first taken away—the goods were taken to the first floor—Cottee went up and down, and used them as he wanted them—I do not know whether he had bought the business at that time—at the end of June Cottee asked me if I should like a holiday—I said, "Yes," and I went to Ipswich, where my home is—during that time I received 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week wages—I was there not quite five weeks; all that time my room at Mrs. Young's was going on—no claim has been made upon me for that; the rent has been paid by somebody—prior to April it had never been paid by anybody but myself—I came back from Ipswich on the Wednesday before the August Bank Holiday—I wrote this letter to Miss Levy at 265, Pentonville Road. (
<hi rend="italic">This requested Miss Levy to send him his last week's money, and a week for notice; it was signed "Walter</hi> ")—my name is not Walter, but they used to call me Walter—I wrote that letter on the Friday or Saturday before Bank Holiday—I only wrote that one letter to her—this is the envelope (
<hi rend="italic">This was stamped</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th August.</hi>)—I got no answer, and on Saturday night I called—Winton, the doorsman, sent me my wages while I was at Ipswich—on my return from Ipswich I went to Miss Levy, and she said, "Keep yourself quiet; not that you can do me any harm"—she also told</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000038"/>
<p>me to get a place for a week or two, if I could, because things were not exactly settled, and she would write and let me know when to come back—I saw Cottee the same night—one of Mr. Buck's men was there; he is a creditor—I went away, and later on in the same week I saw Cottee at the shop door—he said, "Get it"—I did not get my wages—before I went to Ipswich Cottee said to me, in the cutting-room, "If you get asked about our business you must swear white is black, and black is white," and he told me not to say anything about the removal of the goods, but if I was asked, to say they were his boxes—I know Peacock, a clothier in Commercial Road—I was sent there sometimes—Cottee sent me there on 14th April to fetch either the clothing or the money; I fetched six parcels of clothing; they formed part of the goods which were afterwards removed to Mrs. Cottee's—they were taken upstairs and re-packed, and some more put with them, and they were taken away in a cab by Cottee and Miss Levy—that was before 22nd April—on that day I saw the goods in the back room—they were removed to Johnson's with the other goods, and they were all taken back to Pentonville Road—when I came back from Ipswich the name of Cottee was on the door as the proprietor of the business—Mrs. Young has a little boy named John—I gave a statement to Mr. Hasluck before I gave my evidence at the Police-court—I have seen Cottee in the possession of money—he showed me about £50 one morning, which he had in a bag—that was before the 22nd April—he said, "That is the money I am going to buy the business with"—I said he was lucky—he said he could not see any luck attached to it; it was Miss Levy's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I never had any feeling towards Cottee except one of regard—I have always liked him—I have been angry with him for the way in which he treated me—he sometimes treated me badly—when I came from Ipswich he was the master of the place—I did not ask him to continue me as servant—I asked him for my wages, and he refused to pay me, and sent for a policeman—he asked me to walk out, and I did—I was not particularly angry with him for that; several things made me angry when I was working with him—he used to treat me shabbily sometimes—he has not threatened to discharge me, or to get me discharged for drunkenness, nor has he complained about drunkenness—I have never been drunk when there—I did get drunk through him; but there was no complaint—that did not make me bear any ill-feeling towards him—William Flowers went with me in the cab—I have seen him since—I did not tell him that I would not mind doing six months if I could get Cottee locked up—he is a friend of mine—I have had no quarrel with him since this—I was in Louis Levy's service, and his sister's—I heard that he was in difficulties, and knew that she was going to have the business; there were executions on the premises—I did not know that Messrs. Lewis and Lewis were her solicitors—after she took over the business, Louis Levy never came there; I swear that—I have seen him about King's Cross, over against the bank—he did not come there every day; I very rarely saw him—I never heard a disturbance between him and his sister—I never heard of his coming there and asking her to pay him money; I know they were not good friends, because I heard her say so—I do not do anything now—I have seen Louis Levy lately—I have not been in constant communication with him from the moment this charge was first made—I have not been in any employment since I left Pentonville Road—my landlady, Mrs. Young, has been keeping me; Louis</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000039"/>
<p>Levy has not given me any assistance—I have seen him, and talked to him—I have not been with him frequently—I have more than once; it may be two or three times—I have not been with him trying to get up evidence against the prisoner—I knew Charles Morris; he was stock keeper and salesman—he knew all about the premises—I have seen him with Louis Levy—I stood outside, and did not hear what they said—I did not know that I was going there to see whether Morris would give evidence—I went with Louis Levy to help to find a cabman; he said he wanted me to identify him for this case—I did not ask Winton before I went to Ipswich to send me money—I had not borrowed money of him before I left—I did not ask him to pay the rent of my lodging, or ask him for money, promising to pay him back when I got a situation—I had been to the premises before on a Sunday—Miss Levy is a Jewess; Cottee is not a Jew—I had never before assisted Cottee the cutting-room on a Sunday, I helped him to do a bit of carpentering one Sunday—I got there about nine on this Sunday morning; he let me in; Ellen Pearson did not; I swear she did not—it was not between ten and eleven before I arrived—I had breakfast in the kitchen after I arrived—I had not been there earlier in the morning for breakfast—I did not tell Ellen Pearson that I was going to pack Cottee's things out of the way of the whitewashers who were expected to come next day—I went to the Bell public-house in the middle of the day—I did not remain away many minutes; not till three o'clock—I was not the worse for drink when I got back—I had dinner in the kitchen—I did not lie down there—I told Pearson that I was going to take some goods from the shop, and offered to take her with me, and I called for her at my lodging at a few minutes past nine—I will swear it was not seven—it is not the fact that some parcels were put outside the cab when we went away; they completely filled the cab—when I got to my lodgings I repacked them, and that enabled me and two others to get in—I piled them to the top of the cab inside, and the cabman told me to be careful of his windows—we could not all three sit, there was not room; we did not stand, we squeezed—Flowers was there, and he was squeezing too—none of us were sitting; we all three stood on the bottom of the cab, and the parcels were all round us—I did not say anything at the Police-court at the first hearing about any person riding inside the cab—I said, "I sat outside with the driver, the cab being full, and we drove to Cottee's mother's house," I sat inside as far as my lodging—when I delivered the parcels, I did not say anything about the whitewashers coming; they were not coming; I never saw them, and I never heard of their coming after the things were removed—they had been there before, but had not finished—I did not know that they were expected back—I said at the Police-court, "Cottee did not tell me to say that the whitewashers were coming next day; they were Barr's workmen; I did not remark any whitewashers at the shop next day, Monday; I will not swear there were not whitewashers there on Tuesday"—Cottee had a number of cutter's patterns belonging to him; he resided on the premises, and had his things there; he worked in the cutting-room—when I took the things to Johnson's, Cottee was there—I did not tell Johnson at any time that the parcels were Cottee's wardrobe—since the prisoners were committed, I did not get drunk, and go to the premises and make a disturbance—I was brought up at the Police-court for making a disturbance, but I was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="1888121000040"/>
<p>quite sober—Cottee was standing on the path as I went by, and he came behind me and struck me unawares, and two policemen took me, and the Magistrate fined me for being drunk—my landlady paid the fine; Louis Levy did not; he was in Court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Cottee did not give evidence against me on that occasion, only the two policemen—I do not know who gave me in charge—it certainly was not Cottee's wardrobe which I took—I remember the whitewashers coming to the house before April 22nd—I think they finished work shortly before Good Friday—Cottee did not remove his wardrobe on that occasion—Miss Levy filed her petition on the Monday—there were no whitewashes there then—Flowers, Ellen Pearson, and Morris were all there—Flowers lodges with me now—I have not seen Winton lately—when he sent me money he wrote me letters—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are some of them—Barr was the man who did the whitewashing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, December</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-179" type="surname" value="GRAND"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-179" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS GRAND</persName> </hi>. I am a cab-driver, No. 353, and live in Henry Street, Pentonville—on a Sunday evening in April, at nine or a little after, Mills called me off the rank; I don't know which Sunday it was—he got into my cab, a four-wheeler, and I took him to 265, Pentonville Road; he got out there, went in and put some parcels, I don't know how many, into the cab, while I stood at my horse's head—we then drove to Pentonville, a few doors from the Angel; he said he lived there, and wanted to stop there a minute—a young man and woman got in there; he put the things in the cab, and I asked him to be careful not to break my windows—we then drove to Greenwood Street, Mile End—we got there about ten; on the way I left the young man and woman at the London Hospital—Mills got out at Greenwood Street, and took the things into the house—I saw nobody—he paid me 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and I drove away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were five or six parcels, middle sized—I did not handle any of them—they would contain a suit of clothes—the people were all sitting in the cab together, and the packages were put on the front seat—when we got to the house, Mills took the parcels out—he went a little way into the passage; he could not have gone upstairs—Mr. Levy asked me to come and give evidence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was bound over before the Magistrate—the house in Greenwood Street was a small private house, about two storeys high.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-180" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-180" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN YOUNG</persName> </hi>. My mother's name is Ann—we live at 28, Pentonville Road; Mills had lodged there with her early this year—in the summer I went to 265, Pentonville Road, where Mills worked—I saw Winton there; I got 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from him the first time, and 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the second time, which I gave to my mother—Mills afterwards came back and lodged at my mother's; he had been away about a month—Winton stood at the doorway to show the goods to people coming.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-181" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-181" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-181" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I am the mother of the last witness—Mills has been a lodger of mine about a year—he was in employment at 265, Pentonville Road—he went to Ipswich for about a month; my rooms were paid for while he was away—I received the money from my son.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He has not been in any service since he left Pentonville Road; he has been living with me—he is not a relation—I am not receiving payment from anybody for it, or any promise of payment.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He ceased to go to Pentonville Road when he went into</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100041"/>
<p>the country I suppose—I have never seen either of the prisoners in reference to his absence; all I know of the matter is from Mills.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AVORY</hi>. I have seen Louis Levy, not at my house—I saw him outside the Police-court in conversation with Mills.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-182" type="surname" value="BINER"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-182" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BINER</persName> </hi>. I live at Stratford, and am in the service of Messrs. Armitage, Clough and Co., of Gresham Street, accountants employed by the Association of the Woollen Trade—on 25th April I went to 265, Pentonville Road, and made an inventory of the stock, on four sheets—I think this
<hi rend="italic">is it;</hi> the stock book makes the fourth—there are no figures of values except in the stock book—the furniture is carried out in a lump sum at £40, and the fixtures at £30; the rest was exempt, being the property of a lodger—the stock is carried out item by item, value £87, after the depreciation was taken off—the furniture included a piano in the front room and two silver glasses in gilt frames—I did not sell.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I valued the furniture in a heap—I must have looked at the different items—I did not look to see who the piano was made by—I can't say now whether there was a wardrobe (
<hi rend="italic">Referring</hi>)—yes, there was, I did not look inside it—it might have been full of silver plate for aught I know—the furniture was packed in the centre of the front room; there was furniture there belonging to Solomon Levy; I did not value that; there is an inventory of it, but not a valuation—I may have put down the values on paper; I have not got it here; I put down some in my head.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There are very few items—with regard to Solomon's, there was much more.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-183" type="surname" value="VALENTINE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-183" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED VALENTINE</persName> </hi>. I carry on business at 9, Little Tower Hill, City—I was asked to bring this receipt (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—early in April Solomon Levy asked me to go to Upper East Smithfield to see some goods—I had known him before for years—I thought he was in partnership with Louis Levy—in April I bought cut things of Solomon Levy to the amount of £200—they were a damaged lot; he gave me this receipt (
<hi rend="italic">Dated April</hi> 5;
<hi rend="italic">settled, J. Levy, late L. Levy</hi>)—there is also a receipt amounting to £205—he paid in gold and notes; there was no cheque.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not been called before—Solomon Levy was the only person I saw—I had done business with him times innumerable—I have known him about sixteen years, selling goods; I don't know about buying—it was cheap ready-made clothing—I did not know Cottee.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I made the bargain on 17th April at Upper East Smith
<lb/>field with Solomon Levy—the goods were both made and unmade—they were the refuse of the stock—they were all damaged, not by water or fire; they were old stock—several short lengths of cloth were turned over to me at 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a yard; they were in bad condition—on 17th April I made up goods; unmade and cut things were sold to make £170; that finished it off—the first three lots were sent to me; the final lot I sold, and the party removed them—I received £25 profit on them—I took the party there to look at them; he gave me the £25, and they were his—I had not the full amount of money—I thought they were partners, because I had done business with Miss Jane Levy for ten years—I had heard a rumour of Louis Levy's composition, but with regard to Miss Levy I did not notice it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-184" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-184" type="given" value="ALFRED EDWARD"/>ALFRED EDWARD BOLTON</persName> </hi>. I am managing clerk to Messrs. Lumley and Lumley, of St. James's Street, Piccadilly—I acted when they sold by</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100042"/>
<p>auction the contents of 39, Bedford Place, Russell Square—I prepared the catalogue—I have a marked catalogue here—Jane Levy was a purchaser to the amount of £166 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; the majority of them were movable articles—she also bought certain uncleared lots, representing £26 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; the total amount of the sale was £1,165 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—at the time we were cataloguing she was living in the house—when the lots not cleared were taken by her, she had left; that was after the sale—I only knew her as an ordinary buyer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Louis Levy was not living there; we did not know whether Miss Levy was the owner—we took our instructions from Messrs. Smith, Fawdon, and Low; they are her solicitors now—it was arranged between me and them that anything Miss Levy bought was to be debited to the account—she had to pay us commission on that—she and Solomon Levy bought together to the amount of £160—I know Louis Levy; he was at the sale—he bid against her on several occasions, and got some of the things and paid for them—the balance of the sale was paid to Messrs. Smith, Fawdon, and Low, but we paid the rent and taxes; we did not make any advance before the sale.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined,</hi> In her examination in May she states that she is still occupying the house, but she was not sleeping there—the landlord who claimed was Beyfus and Beyfus—the rent due which we paid was £65, and various taxes amounting to about £50—about £150'had to be parted with out of the gross proceeds of the sale.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-185" type="surname" value="GODFREY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-185" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT GODFREY</persName> </hi>. I am a horse-keeper, of 22, Pedler Street, Spital-fields—Cottee came to me when I was on Mile End cab-stand, and asked if I was engaged—I did not drive a cab—my employer was on the other side of the cab—Cottee said, "Can you do a job in the morning?"—I said, "Yes"—he said, "I shall not want you before seven"—I was to take the cab to Greenwood-street—we then had a drink—Mills was with him—in the morning I took the cab to Greenwood Street—I did not see Cottee there, I saw Mills—eight or ten parcels were put into the cab and four on the roof—Mills gave me directions—I went round to the Little Wonder to get them—all these goods were brought out from the Little Wonder, which is a general shop, not very big—I drove with them to Pentonville Road, to a ready-made clothing shop, where I saw Cottee; he unpacked the goods and put them into the shop, and gave me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. Levy, a short stout gentleman, first discovered me and asked me to come and give evidence—that was about a month before I was at the Police-court—he found me at the cab-stand—he first asked me whether I remembered doing a job—I said at the Police-court," The first thing Louis Levy did was to ask me to have a drink, and he took me to the Compasses," that is true; and I had a glass of mild and bitter—when he got to the Compasses he wanted to know what I remembered about this journey—I got to this place with the cab about a quarter to eight a. m.—I had never known Louis Levy before; I have seen him outside this place this week, he is outside now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-186" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-186" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL EVANS</persName> </hi>. I have been in the employ of Louis Levy for six years, up to about nine months ago—I have been at my present place six months—I used to work at Upper East Smithfield—I was working there for Louis Levy last Christmas—the warehouse was shut up after Christmas, and I then worked for Miss Levy at 265, Pentonville Road—I helped to pack the cart for Mr. Valentine; Miss Levy was paying me my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100043"/>
<p>wages at that time; the goods I speak of were those bought by Mr. Valentine—this occurred twice, my helping to put goods into the cart; that was at Smithfield—this is my signature (
<hi rend="italic">Referring to a paper</hi>)—I took these goods on a hand trolley from Smithfield to Valentine's place, Little Tower Hill, and also this other parcel, and I receipted the bill—after that I know of the sale of the bulk of things at Upper East Smithfield; somebody in conjunction with Mr. Valentine took them away—the shutters were up when the goods were sold—I had nothing to do with this lot, or these (
<hi rend="italic">Looking at two papers</hi>)—Solomon Levy gave me these two invoices—when Miss Levy paid me I was working at King's Cross and at Upper East Smithfield—when I left her employment 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was due to me—she gave me a half-sovereign and said, "If anyone asks you anything, you don't know nothing."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have never been called before; no one asked me to come and give evidence here—Louis Levy first spoke to me about this—I am in service now—I knew him when he was at East Smithfield—he did not promise me anything when he asked me to give evidence, nor did he say anything about getting me employment; he said he thought he was going back into business, and having formerly been in his service I understood that he might he able to find me a berth—I was not discharged from Pentonville Road—Louis Levy discharged me from Smithfield, and then I asked Solomon Levy if he could find me a job at King's Cross—I had nothing to do with Cottee, but I knew him—I swear it was not Jane Levy who discharged me—it was after the place was shut up, I cannot give the date—they had to send for a policeman to take me away, but the policeman did not come; I went out—that was twelve months before the warehouse was shut up, there was another discharge—Solomon Levy went for the policeman—I was receiving 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a day at Pentonville, paid weekly—I was only there ten or twelve days—I was not very hard up when I left—I was out of work about four months after leaving the warehouse, and I went and asked Miss Levy to give me a job—I worked regularly every day at King's Cross—when I left I won't swear that I did not tell Miss Levy that there were four days Owing to me—I can't remember all the things, it is a long time ago.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The warehouse was shut up before I took the goods away on the hand trolley—the shutters were up 10 or 12 days while I was employed there—the trolley was kept there—Solomon Levy gave me the directions and the invoices—Miss Levy was paying me then; she was my employer—when I got these two lots and signed, the goods were taken from the shut up warehouse to Mr. Valentine's—I have had no quarrel with Miss Levy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-187" type="surname" value="BANTING"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-187" type="given" value="THOMAS JAMES"/>THOMAS JAMES BANTING</persName> </hi>. I am salesman and manager to Mr. Peacock, tailor and outfitter, of the Commercial Road—on April 12 Cottee came there in a cab, and brought one or two specimens of ready-made garments; and on the 13th he brought the goods in a cab, and said, "These come from Levy's"—he mentioned no Christian name, but "Levy, of Smith-field," I believe, was on the invoice, which he did not leave—the goods were left, in consequence of Mr. Peacock not being there—he came again, and saw Mr. Peacock, who said that the goods were in such a condition, and so soiled where they were folded, that he would not buy them—the suits were to be 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., but I believe he came down a shilling or so; the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100044"/>
<p>jackets were 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—Cottee said something about Louis Levy giving up the wholesale trade, and said he would make Mr. Peacock have them—Mr. Peacock said, "If you don't take them away by to-morrow I shall charge you warehouse-room"—Mills fetched them away on April 14th; six parcels.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known Cottee many years—I knew him with other firms besides the Levys—I believe he has always borne a good reputation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-188" type="surname" value="HODGE"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-188" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HODGE</persName> </hi>. I am managing clerk to Laurence Hasluck, of Holborn Viaduct, the trustee in Miss Levy's bankruptcy—I went with the tipstaff of the High Court of Justice on 26th September to search 265, Pentonville Road; he had a warrant—I found there articles of furniture corresponding with Lumley and Lumley's catalogue—I claimed them as part of the bankrupt estate, and another claim was set up against my seizure—I had a notice from the solicitors, claiming them as Cottee's property, on 26th September.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have never been examined in this case before—the articles were furniture and ornaments, some loosely packed in a room upstairs, and some scattered in different rooms—I believe Cottee was living there; his name was up on the shop.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was present when Mr. Lumley's clerk examined the goods on a later occasion—I showed him the items in the catalogue—the value was about £20—this is the list—I still hold them—they are warehoused, in consequence of the claim made.</p>
<p>A. E.
<hi rend="smallCaps">BOLTON</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I saw, in Mr. Hodge's presence, certain articles which had been seized at Pentonville Road—I cannot identify the whole of them, but I saw all the things on the list—I recognised some jade or soap-stone carvings, a music-stool, some bedding; and there were other things which I cannot swear to; it is so long since that I cannot say whether they correspond. (
<hi rend="italic">The witness then went through the list, pointing out the articles which were bought by the prisoner Levy.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I decline to swear to the articles, but no article was pointed out to me the general description of which does not tally with what I saw—the value of the fixtures bought by Miss Levy was certainly £30, and probably more; it was not £80——I made a valuation of the same things for the incoming tenant, and valued them at quite £86—she paid £160
<hi rend="italic">plus</hi> £26; there were different lots representing £26 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—all those things had been taken away—we obtained a tenant, but he has not gone in—I think he will go in from Christmas quarter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-189" type="surname" value="HASLUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-189" type="given" value="LAURENCE"/>LAURENCE HASLUCK</persName> </hi>. I am a chartered accountant, of Holborn Viaduct—on May 28th I was appointed by the Court, trustee under the bankruptcy of Jane Lewis—the stock at 265, Pentonville Road was valued on 25th April at £87—the adjudication was on the 25th—if whitewashes had come in on Tuesday, the 24th, I should have known it—the goods were sold for £80 to Solomon Levy on 16th May; there was no stock anywhere else; the stock at Upper East Smithfield had been sold to Solomon Levy by the bankrupt—the £80 was handed to the Official Receiver—the lease of 265, Pentonville Road, was sold at the Mart about 16th May to Mr. Cottee for 100 guineas—the furniture, fixtures and fittings were valued at £40, and sold for £40 to Solomon Levy—Miss Levy sold the stock at Upper East Smithfield for £80; I was present when she was examined, and heard her state that the sum was paid her mostly in gold</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100045"/>
<p>she was not present when Solomon Levy was examined, it is not allowed—she puts the date down as March this year—there is no statement of the sale to Solomon Levy; she ought to have put it into the cash account—until her examination I did not know that stock had been sold to Valentine for over £200, but I had my suspicions; I know it now—I heard Cottee examined—no stock or fixtures at Upper East Smith
<lb/>field was delivered over to the Official Receiver—from first to last, except what is disclosed on the Official Receiver's statement of affairs, nothing was disclosed by the bankrupt—there was no disclosure of any furniture other than that valued by Mr. Biner—I have never had any account of the stock removed to Mrs. Cottee's, Miss Levy denied that it had been removed—the assets realised £240—I know that a number of executions were put in on the Pentonville property, just subsequent to the sale at Bed
<lb/>ford Place, on March 7th, 1888; they amounted to about £680—there is an affidavit; she had to swear to her statement—Louis Levy would have to prove for the amount of his debt, but he has made no proof at all—Mrs. louis Levy has proved for £1,344 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., which is within £19 of the amount of Louis Levy's and her own debt together—that is the reason no claim was put in by him—I have not allowed him to interfere with my duties; on the contrary, I have kept myself aloof from him, knowing the question might be raised, and I have myself taken the statements of the witnesses—Arthur Cottee proves for £30, and Miss Levy said in her examination that that was money lent to her by Cottee—he describes himself as a tailor's cutter, of 265, Pentonville Road—that was sworn on 23rd May; and on that day John Sears is returned as a creditor for £84; he was my partner, but we dissolved partnership in 1887—I never saw this agreement till yesterday, but it ought to have been handed over to me; we have never had a copy of it, though the other side say that we have; I do not believe my solicitor ever saw it till yesterday—Messrs. Smith, Fawdon, and Low are the solicitors representing the defendant to-day; they never represented Louis Levy—Miss Levy said in her examination that she was introduced to them by Mr. Appleby.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Miss Levy swore positively that she knew of no removal of any stock on the Saturday or Sunday prior to her petition—she swore "There were some personal
<hi rend="italic">goods</hi> of Cottee's own that had nothing to do with me"—she said that if anything went out it was Cottee's wearing apparel and personal effects—Cottee was examined, and said in my hearing that the things removed on Saturday or Sunday were his own wardrobe—he said, "Everything removed is clothes; there were some paper patterns in an old desk I used to use when I was in India"—Solomon Lewis, the brother of Jane, was included in the charge, but the Magistrate dismissed the case against him—Miss Lewis said. in her examination that the whole of the stock in Smithfield was sold to Solomon Levy soon after the transfer from Louis Levy to her—I gather from her statement that there was a dispute between Solomon Levy and her—an action was brought by Louis Levy's wife against her on an agreement to indemnify her—the Bankruptcy Court used to stay an action against a bankrupt, but it does not now, and I don't know whether it has gone on—although Louis Levy did not actually prove, Mrs. Levy has proved for £1,300, but there is more than that; that is the amount she paid on the failure of Jane Levy—these composition bills were given to pay Louis Levy's debts, and the money from the furniture of Bedford</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100046"/>
<p>Place was applied to paying out the executions put in at Pentonville, but I don't know that the furniture was sold for that purpose—the whole of Miss Levy's liabilities were in respect of Louis Levy's debts, which she took over—she has never alleged to me that the arrangement was not carried out between them, but she said so in the statement of affairs—Mr. Sears is the only creditor of any amount on sheet A; his debt, £84, was for professional charges as an accountant in investigating Louis Levy's affairs; I have no doubt that he has been actively assisting in this prosecution, but I don't believe he has served subpoenas on all the witnesses—I have rejected Cottee's offer for £80, as it has been before the Judge, whose decision is not yet public.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have no motive on one side or the other; I have been ordered by the Court to prosecute, and the Treasury have taken it up—I am the nominal prosecutor—Louis Levy being in difficulties, and making the composition, he entered into a writing to pay the composition which was £1,800—after money had been paid to get Mrs. Levy free, she took an assignment of her brother's effects in full, and became liable for £800 or £900—if she had not received enough, instead of being a creditor for £1,300 she would have been a creditor for nothing or a debtor; she would have a claim against her brother—the composition was 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in the pound for about £5,000, in instalments of 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the first instalment was paid without Miss Levy's intervention—she signed her name as well as the wife to part of the composition; the two ladies were not security for the whole, only for £900—being jointly liable, instead of Mrs. Louis Levy having to pay her half and the other her half, the whole of the assets were assigned to her, and she undertook the full liability, and if she had performed her part there would have been no bankruptcy—£1,300 is due to Mrs. Louis Levy. (
<hi rend="italic">The defendant's examinations in bankruptcy were here read.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-190" type="surname" value="BUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-190" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BUCK</persName> </hi>. I am a gas-fitter; I have proved as a creditor in this bankruptcy for £23—I was present at Cottee's examination by Mr. Ringwood, the barrister, at the private sitting—I heard the imputation he made, that if he gave me £5 I would settle up the matter with him—that is positively untrue; the order for the work was given on March 20, after the things were put on the premises at Pentonville.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I received the order from Mr. Levy on March 20—I began next day, and finished on April 7th—I would not have taken £5 even after I heard of the bankruptcy; I never heard of it till April 21.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I am one of the committee of inspection—Miss Levy has said nothing to me as to my probable dividend—the work was gas-fitting and plumbing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-191" type="surname" value="SEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-191" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR SEWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant G</hi>). On 31st August I arrested the two defendants and Solomon Levy on a warrant—I took Cottee out
<lb/>side the shop, to 45, Pentonville Hill; handed him over to a constable, and then went into the shop, and read the warrant to Jane Levy; she said, "I never heard of such a proceeding; can't you call to-morrow morning?"—when I read the warrant to Cottee, he said, "It is a lie; I will make some of them pay for this"—they were all three living there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I arrested Solomon Levy the same night at twelve o'clock, ringing the bell to get into the shop—his brother Louis pointed him out to me—Louis was hanging about with me in the street in order</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100047"/>
<p>to arrest Solomon—Mills was arrested and taken to the station—I was present when he was fined, but I did not arrest him—I think Louis Levy has been at the Police-court on every occasion since the prisoners have been in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The charge against Mills was drunkenness—his defence was that he was passing Cottee's shop, who came out and swore at him, and used foul language, and struck him a blow on his face—his face was swollen—the Magistrate fined him, and directed him to take out a summons against Cottee—that is since Cottee was committed for trial, and as far as I know he has not done so.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-192" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-192" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>SOLOMON LEVY</persName> </hi>. I am traveller to Messrs. Lyons and Co., of Liverpool and London—I am the brother of Jane and Louis Levy—up to about five years ago I resided with them at Upper East Smithfield, where Louis Levy carried on business as a clothier—about that time he took a house at 39, Bedford Place, Russell Square—Jane Levy really was proprietress; she furnished it—we all three lived. there, and the business was carried on at Upper East Smithfield—about the middle of 1886 a shop was taken at 265, Pentonville Road—I went there in March, 1887—in July, 1887, Cottee was engaged as cutter by Louis Levy; I was present at the time—he brought to Bedford Place proper references from London and country people, and from India—he brought a large quantity of paper patterns to Pentonville Road—Louis had been in difficulties for many years—in January, 1887, there was a meeting of his creditors—Lewis and Lewis, of Ely Place, were his solicitors—a composition was agreed to—after that some executions were put in at Pentonville Road and Upper East Smithfield; and there had been several before that—shortly after, an arrangement was made, by which Jane Levy took over his liabilities; she went to live at Pentonville Road—at the sale of the furniture at Bedford Place Jane Levy bought £169 worth; I was there the second day of the sale—I bid for two lots for her—I cleared that furniture; I saw it packed in the van, and it was taken direct to Pentonville Road—after that I and Jane Levy were on very bad terms with Louis—before she took over the liabilities the bad terms began, because he seemed dissatisfied and was creating disturbances whenever he could; there was a dispute of some kind, I believe as to the terms on which the liabilities were taken over—after Jane Levy went to Pentonville Road Louis came there often, walking by the door, standing about and looking in and trying to taunt them, one way and another, in order to create, some disturbance, it seemed to me—I have seen lads taking his part, and I thought there was going to be a breach of the peace—he sent for me once, and I went out, he had a message; on another occasion I went over to him he began to create a disturbance, the policeman moved him on—Cottee came to live in the house about August or September, 1887, I think; after I had been attacked by rheumatism—on the Sunday before Jane Levy filed her petition some whitewashes had stripped the walls, and were coming on the Monday to water wash and whitewash—on the Saturday before I was away all day, but I came in at night; I passed through the shop and saw, generally, the stock there—I was there again on the Monday—there was no appreciable alteration in the appearance of the stock on Monday morning—I think if £10 worth had been removed I must have noticed it; I have been accustomed to stock all my life; there was no such alteration that I could</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100048"/>
<p>see—I was there on Sunday, I was very bad with rheumatic gout all day, and was on the sofa in the first floor back from the time I got up, I did not see Mills all day—I bought the stock at East Smithfield and paid £80 for it; I had sold a pair of trousers the day before for 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and I gave Jane Levy 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and £80—of the stock I sold two or three small lots to Mr. Valentine first, and then cleared them out to him; it was in frightful condition, moth-eaten, mildewed, rotten, damp, as bad as could be—I had hard work pressing it, getting it into condition, and throwing some of it out—I was about a month getting it into condition—Evans came to help me—if I had not done what I did no doubt I should not have got half what I did for the stock—£100 worth of best black coats and overcoats, if packed up, would fill a good-sized cart I should think, a large-sized cart; if they were second-class goods they would have filled a van—I am certain that £100 worth of first-class goods could not have been removed without my knowledge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Executions on judgments against Louis were put in at Upper East Smithfield, Bedford Place, and Pentonville Road—they were not withdrawn on the composition being agreed to, but still continued—as far as I can remember the composition was agreed to in January, 1887—I don't know the amount of Louis's indebtedness—my sister and Mrs. Louis Levy put their names as security for some of the instalments—I have no knowledge that Jane Levy gave her indemnity to Mrs. Louis Levy on 4th March, 1887; I know she signed certain things—I have no knowledge of that part of the case—it was somewhere about February, 1888, that the assignment was made by Louis Levy of all his property to her, I believe; I only know from hearsay—I have not seen a copy of the writing with regard to Mrs. Louis Levy's claim—I know nothing about the claim—I believe Miss Levy paid many executions out—I cannot tell you if it was thought worth while to pay £700 to free stock in East Smithfield and Pentonville Road from the judgment creditors; I simply know what I was there to do—I don't know what money was applied to paying Louis's creditors out—I think the stock at both places was not worth £100—I did not make £300 from Lower East Smithfield; I paid £80 before I made any profit—I did not say to the Registrar at the private sitting that I thought I had got altogether nearly £300; I said nearly £200—it was not read to me—I sold them for £170—I did not say, "I sold them for £170; I think I got nearly £300, after being at work nearly one month and putting them to rights"—I said I believed' they realised nearly £200—you may have got my receipts to Valentine' for £205 for the stock at Upper East Smithfield—the warehouse there was shut up in January, 1888, when the deed of assignment was made to Miss Levy—the shutters were up, but the side doors were open; Louis's trustee was in possession, under a deed of assignment, as far as I can recollect—I believe Miss Levy made some arrangement with him—I don't know what she paid him—I understood she made an arrangement with Mr. Sears—he gave no authority to take possession on her behalf—someone was in possession some time before, and he took out certain goods and sold them—I did not sell goods to Mr. Simmons, of 19, Petticoat Lane; I sold to no one but Valentine, only a little of the furniture to one or two people—I was paid £100 in gold and notes, to the best of my recollection—I did not swear before the Registrar that the payment was all in notes—I did not buy the stock at Pentonville Road, only</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100049"/>
<p>nominally for Mr. Cottee; the conditions of sale were that the lease should be sold, and that the purchaser was entitled to the stock and fixtures; the valuation was fixed by the Court; the Official Receiver promised me I should have the first offer—Cottee asked me to buy them for him, and I did so, with his money—he had bought the lease, and he was in the Official Receiver's employ and received salary—I cannot say if Cottee has got a banking account—I don't know out of what bank the money came—I never had a banking account, nor had either of the defendants, but Louis Levy had—I have only been traveller for Mr. Lyon a few weeks; I was not in his service when I bought nominally—I do not know what Cottee paid my sister a week—from the beginning of May till I was taken into custody I was sleeping at Pentonville Road, and Cottee also, and my sister—I cannot tell when Buck, the gas-fitter, was there; I was away all day—no whitewashing is done yet, the paper is pulled off the walls, and so it remains to the present day—I paid the £80 in cash, I had had it nursed up for some time—there might have been gold and notes; it had been gradually accumulating; it might have been part of my salary at Mr. Sears—I do not know what my sister did with the £80; I got no receipt for it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I took the whole thing as it stood—before the transfer of the business by Louis Levy, my sister had become jointly liable on the promissory notes, long before she had any stock transferred to her; as far as I know she had no consideration for that—he had money from me all through; the whole of what was left me by my father—my father was bankrupt, and I proved for £700-under his estate, and my brother Louis has had every penny of it, and has shown his gratitude by giving me in custody, and I was eight weeks before the Magistrate and eleven days in Holloway Gaol—they opposed my being let out on bail, that was repeated on every occasion—they tried to get me locked up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18881210-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18881210-name-193" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-193" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t18881210-name-193" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN PEARSON</persName> </hi>. I am a servant at 265, Pentonville Road—I was there on 22nd April, when Miller took away some parcels—he frequently came there on Sundays—I let him on 23rd April; he came between ten and eleven—Cottee was not down; he had not left his room, and did not come down before breakfast—Miller had his breakfast after he arrived, and then went into the yard and had a smoke—he stopped in the kitchen after breakfast; and afterwards Cottee called him—I went upstairs a few minutes after and he had then gone out—he came back about two o'clock, and rang the bell, and I let him in; he asked if dinner was ready—I said, "Not quite," and he stopped a few minutes, and then went over to the distillery, and stopped there till it shut—he tried to eat his dinner, but could not, because he had had too much drink—he went up into the shop, and I left him there; and the next time I went up I found him on the cutting board asleep—he told me in the morning that he was going to pack up Mr. Cottee's things to take to his house; but he did not do any packing in the afternoon—he made an arrangement to meet me outside his lodging at seven o'clock, and if he was not there, to go in; I went and waited till he came in a cab about 7. 3—Flowers was inside—we walked to the Angel and then got in—we had not to stand up with the parcels all round us—two were on the front seat, two on the top of them, and one on the top of that—we drove to Mrs. Cottee's house, and left them there—I had formerly been to Bedford Place, and saw the furniture that was brought from there to Pentonville Road—it remained on the premises at the time of the bankruptcy.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188812100050"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was keeping company with Mills, at that time, and now I am keeping company with Flowers—Cottee was living at Pentonville Road, and Miss Levy and Miss Tinley, the housekeeper—no one but Mills came on a Sunday—the last time I was with Mills was on Whit Monday, some time before he went to Ipswich—the five packages were not very big—there was no danger of breaking the windows very little luggage was put into the cab—Cottee was living at Pentonville Road a month before the sale—he never lived at Bedford Place—he lived at home with his mother till February this year, when he came to live at Pentonville Road—Carter and Paterson's moved my two boxes from Bedford Place—they were bigger than these five parcels, and I did not pay more than 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for them—I do not know of any parcels being sent to Mrs. Cottee's house, Mile End Road—I have never been there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">