<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HANSON, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment, denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1887.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-757-18870725" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-757-18870725" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">MAY HUGHES</hi> (24)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18870725-757-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-757-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-757-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> for unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from
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<interp inst="t18870725-name-2" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-2" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-2" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-2" type="occupation" value="dressmaker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-757-offence-1 t18870725-name-2"/>Louisa Jackson</persName> a dress and other articles, value 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and also a dress from
<persName id="t18870725-name-3" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-3" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-3" type="surname" value="SIBLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-3" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-3" type="occupation" value="dressmaker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-757-offence-1 t18870725-name-3"/>Emma Sibley</persName>, value 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KNOTT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-4" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-4" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-4" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-4" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA JACKSON</persName> </hi>. I am a dressmaker, carrying on business at 310. Regent Street—some time in March the prisoner called on me and said she had heard of me through a Miss Johnstone, whom I did not know—I asked the prisoner who she was, and she said she was Miss Hughes, and she wanted several dresses made at once—I told her I would make them, and she then ordered some dresses—she said her mother was a rich woman, living in Wales, and had a large establishment, keeping carriages and horses, and sent her a cheque once a month to pay her accounts, in
<lb/>cluding her dressmaker's bill—she also said her father was a master of hounds—she said she wanted some things made in a hurry, and I took the order and made the dresses—the first address she gave me was at Streatham, where she was staying, and after that she gave me an address at 25, Angel Road, Brixton, where the dresses were to be sent—she called on different occasions after that and ordered different things—when the first of the following month came she explained to me she could not pay me, because she had not received her cheque, that she was going to bring her mother to give me an order—these are the three invoices (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) of the things I supplied to her—the dress she is wearing now is the first one I supplied to her—she spoke to me two or three times about her mother coming to see me—I believed the statements that she made with regard to her mother, and it was in consequence of what she said that I let her have the things—I afterwards went to one of the addresses she</p>
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<p>gave me, and could not find her, and I then communicated with the police.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know a lady of the name of Lynn—she did not in
<lb/>troduce the prisoner to me—she came in once with the prisoner, after the order had been given—I don't know what Miss lynn is; I don't know her—she is not a customer of mine—I did not ask the prisoner any ques
<lb/>tion as to her family; she told me without being asked—she mentioned that she was a singer, and said that one of these dresses was to sing in—she did not tell me that her father had been dead seven years—she told me her father was alive and was a master of hounds—she did not tell me what sort of hounds—I said at the police-court that she said her father was a master of buckhounds, but I was not sure—the goods were sent to Angel Road by my messenger—I did not ask him anything when he came back as to what apartments the prisoner lived in—on two or three occa
<lb/>sions I asked the prisoner to settle her account, and she said her mother was in Clifton at the time, and would come and pay it, and on another occasion she said her mother was in Paris, and was expected in town every day—I went to Angel Road, Brixton, but the prisoner had gone from there—I saw Mrs. Pear there—she did not tell me till afterwards what address the prisoner had left, but she told me she had kept the prisoner's goods, because she had not paid her rent—I went there again, and she gave me an address in Dulwich Road, which the prisoner had left—it was nothing unusual in the length of time this account went, only the prisoner kept promising the money and did not pay, and then I sus
<lb/>pected something was wrong—I have had bills go longer than two months, but I generally know the person—I don't arrest every customer because they don't pay a month or two afterwards—no person has offered to pay the bill—Mrs. Hughes offered me 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. after the arrest—I was not offered 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-5" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-5" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-5" type="surname" value="SIBLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-5" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA. SIBLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 328, Brixton Road, and am a dressmaker—the prisoner came to me last September—my first hand saw her first, while I was away for my holidays, and when I saw her she said her ma was away, that her pa had been dead seven years, and that her mother allowed her 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a month for dresses, and if she had not the money at the time she had her own banking account—she told me she sung at Covent Garden, and more than once asked me to go and see her, and said the brougham should call for me, but I said I was too busy—she said she got from 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a night—she also said they had a large place at Streatham, and asked me did I like grapes—I said "Yes," and she told me she would tell the gardener to send them if I would not mind them being sent on Sunday—I said "No," but I never got them—when she came again I said "Miss Hughes, I have not had the grapes"—she said "You have not, that awkward old gardener"—the woman who I now know is her mother was brought to my place once by the prisoner, and she said it was her dear old nurse, and she wanted a cloak to give to her, but I did not let her have it—she stood in the hall, I saw her there—the prisoner got goods from me valued at more than 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She once wanted a white dress, as she said she had to sing at Covent Garden, and asked me to go there and hear her sing—I did not institute this prosecution; I knew nothing of it until I was subpoenaed to appear here—it was about the end of February the last dress she had from me, but I took no steps then, because her mother came</p>
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<p>to me and asked me not to take any proceedings, and said she would give me a piano—Miss Jackson came to me about the case, but I should certainly have prosecuted, for the good of the public, if Miss Jackson had not come to me.</p>
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<persName id="t18870725-name-6" type="witnessName">
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<interp inst="t18870725-name-6" type="surname" value="PEAR"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-6" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH PEAR</persName> </hi>. I live at 25, Angel Road, Brixton, and am a widow—on 11th March the prisoner came to live at my house with a sister—they occupied two rooms at a pound a week—she said she was a singer, and that her mother had a large estate in Wales, and kept carriages and horses—she asked me would I mind her paying once a month, as her mother sent her a cheque once a month—several dresses came for her while she was staying in my house—she remained till about 13th May, and left owing me money, but it was Afterwards paid—a woman who I now know to be her mother called several times; the prisoner said she wag her aunt—she never came with carriages and servants—I distrained on her goods for the rent, and the 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was afterwards paid by her mother.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She was with me two months—the 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was for one month's rent, and 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for a half week, as she begged me to keep her till she got other apartments—I took out a summons first, and then I dis
<lb/>trained on her goods—I never broke any boxes open—she left the address, 209, Upland Road, with me—Miss Jackson called afterwards, and I gave her that address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-7" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-7" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-7" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-7" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HUGHES</persName> </hi>. The prisoner is my daughter—my husband died in 1879—I heard that the prisoner represented me as her aunt, and I knew that was untrue—I never heard her represent me as the old family nurse, and I do not believe it—I have no servants in my actual employ
<lb/>ment, and I was not in the habit of sending her a cheque every month for 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—she had no banking account—my husband in the beginning of this year was not a Master of Buckhounds—I was not in Paris in May, I was prevented from going—I occasionally visited my daughter at Mrs. Pear's—I said before the Magistrate that I had no landed estate in the country.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My husband died a lunatic in 1879—previous to that I had lived in Wales—my husband had a house there, and we lived there with him occasionally, and we had horses and carriages of our own—my husband's family had lived in that house since the time of Charles I.—I have two sons—a lawsuit was carried on in the Probate Division with reference to the Aberclachan Estate—the Morfar Estate was the one on which we lived, and on the last day of March that estate was sold for something like 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the result of the suit was that my son was declared to be heir-at-law to that estate—I was appointed his guardian during the lawsuit, and I received an allowance on his behalf on behalf of that interest, and I was receiving it from November, 1886, up to May. 1887—if my daughter said anything of this kind to any tradesmen it would be quite correct—the father of my father had lots of horses and dogs; my ancestors had been hunting gentlemen—my daughter will have an interest in the personal estate as well as the real estate—there was a verdict given against me in the first case, and then I made an appeal, which I won, and the result was I got an interest in the estate—during this time my family had expectations in reference to the estate—unfor
<lb/>tunately it was found recently that a person who was assumed to have</p>
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<p>died intestate had made a will, and I was ousted—I never, said I was the prisoner's aunt or allowed myself to be passed off as an old nurse.</p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury</hi> </rs>.—
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<hi rend="italic">Six Weeks' hard Labour</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BOCKING</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-758-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-758-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-758-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
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<interp inst="t18870725-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-9" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-9" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-9" type="occupation" value="butcher"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-758-offence-1 t18870725-name-9"/>Harry Smith</persName>, and stealing a piece of tobacco.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TORR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-10" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-10" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-10" type="given" value="SAGA"/>SAGA SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Harry Smith, and live at 80, Pennington Street—on the night of 1st July I went to bed about 10 o'clock—the win
<lb/>dows and doors were all fastened up then—about three or four in the morning I was awoke by the dog Darking, and I listened and heard something in the sitting room, and then the prisoner opened my bedroom door, and I awoke my husband and said "There is a man, a thief," and the prisoner went out of my bedroom window into No. 79—I know the prisoner very well, and have seen him sitting on the doorstep smoking his cigarette—my room is on the ground floor—I then went out into the street and halloaed for a policeman, and then went to Leman Street and got one, and I saw the prisoner taken at No. 82, and heard him say "I was not there"—only a little piece of tobacco was taken off the chest of drawers, and he dropped that in the yard as he went out of the window—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I am sure it was the prisoner I saw.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-11" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-11" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of the last witness and am a butcher—on this night my
<hi rend="italic">missus</hi> awoke me, and I saw the prisoner go out of the window and go through a little window into the next house—I had seen him two days before—he afterwards came to my house and said "You say I was the man that came to your house in the night"—I said "Yes, of course you was"—he said "I want you for five minutes outside"—he was given in custody—this is the same piece of tobacco as was stolen; it was lying on the drawers—a sailor friend had given it to me—I am sure the prisoner is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not come to my house and I did not say "I know nothing about it; my wife knows all about it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-12" type="surname" value="DANN"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-12" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DANN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 309). About midnight on 1st July I was called to Pennington Street to the house of the last witness—I examined the window of the sitting room and found it wide open, and the sofa underneath the window had marks of mud from boots on it—there is a window in the wall in the yard which leads into the next house—from what I was told I examined the window and found a three-cornered dent on it, and I found a pair of compasses on the prisoner which would remove the catch—they are very old houses—I also examined the window in the next house—it is a window with two bars across, and there is whitewash on the outside, which had marks on it as if someone had entered by there—from information I received I went to No. 82, and saw the prisoner, and told him I should tike him in custody for burglariously breaking and entering No. 80—he said "I was in bed"—I said "In this house, 82?" he said "Yes"—I then took him past 79 and 80, and when he came there he said "I might as well have my hat"—I said "Where is it?"—he said "In here"—that was 79, and I got the prisoner's brother to bring it out—the prisoner said "It is not my hat"—I fitted it on him and it fitted him—the prisoner said he had bought the compasses from a boy the night before for 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the marks on the window corresponded with them.</p>
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<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-13" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-13" type="surname" value="HURT"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-13" type="given" value="ROSE"/>ROSE HURT</persName> </hi>. I am married and live at 79, Pennington Street—the prisoner lives there—that house adjoins the prosecutor's house—there is a small window between the two yards, and you can get from one house to the other—on the night of 1st July the prisoner was in my company till he went to bed at two o'clock in the morning—his bedroom is on the top floor—I was awoke about four o'clock in the morning by hearing Mrs. Smith screaming—I said "What is it, Mrs. Smith?"—she said "Esther, your husband or your brother has broken into my house"—I said "How can it be my husband when he has been lying by the side of me all night?"—I then went up to the prisoner's room—my husband had been up there before me, and told the prisoner to get up, and he went straight to next door and said "Do you accuse me of breaking into your house?" and the prosecutor said "No, not me, my wife"—the prisoner said "If I knew it was you I would punch your head."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She made a mistake when she called the prisoner my brother; he is our lodger—this was at 4 o'clock in the morning, but the cries of Mrs. Smith awoke everybody in the street—I daresay it must have been three minutes from the time Mrs. Smith woke me to the time the prisoner went into the prosecutor's—somebody is always breaking into this house; I have lost 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. worth of china since this man has been in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-14" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-14" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HUNT</persName> </hi>. I heard somebody calling out about 4 o'clock on this morning, and went upstairs and found the prisoner in bed—Mrs. Smith told me my brother had broken into her house, and I said she had made a mistake, the party was in bed, and my missus went upstairs and told the prisoner to get up and dress himself, and he did so and went to the prosecutor's door.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The back window leading into our house is always left open, and I have found two different men in our back place during this last fortnight—the window leading into the street has no bolt, and the people have been coming through that—the houses in our neigh
<lb/>bourhood have been broken into since this man has been in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. SERGEANT</hi>. I live at 79, Pennington Street—I heard no dis
<lb/>turbance during the night, but I heard cries of "Police" and "Murder," and opened my window and saw Mrs. Smith in her chemise calling out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18870725-758-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD ARTHUR NASH</hi> (21)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18870725-759-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-759-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
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<interp inst="t18870725-759-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-759-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, four postal orders, the property of Her Majesty's Postmaster-General.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
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<interp inst="t18870725-759-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-759-18870725 t18870725-759-punishment-2"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JAMES CRAWLEY</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-760-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-760-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-760-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to stealing a post letter and four postal orders whilst employed in the Post Office.—</rs>
<rs id="t18870725-760-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-760-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-760-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-760-18870725 t18870725-760-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18870725-760-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-760-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-760-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-761">
<interp inst="t18870725-761" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-761" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-761-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-761-18870725 t18870725-761-offence-1 t18870725-761-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-761-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-761-18870725 t18870725-761-offence-1 t18870725-761-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-761-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-761-18870725 t18870725-761-offence-1 t18870725-761-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-761-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-761-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-761-18870725" type="age" value="66"/>
<interp inst="def1-761-18870725" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-761-18870725" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY BROWN</hi> (66)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-761-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-761-18870725" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-761-18870725" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def2-761-18870725" type="surname" value="GARVEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-761-18870725" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN GARVEY</hi> (47)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-761-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-761-18870725" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-761-18870725" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def3-761-18870725" type="surname" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="def3-761-18870725" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CATHERINE RICHARD</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-761-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-761-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-761-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to seven indictments for unlawfully conspiring to obtain 96
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and other sums from the
<persName id="t18870725-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-761-offence-1 t18870725-name-20"/>Postmaster-General</persName>, by false pretences</rs>.—
<rs id="t18870725-761-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-761-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-761-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-761-18870725 t18870725-761-punishment-4"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-761-18870725 t18870725-761-punishment-4"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-761-18870725 t18870725-761-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">To enter into their own recognisances to appear for judgment next Session.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18870725-761-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-761-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-761-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-762">
<interp inst="t18870725-762" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-762" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-762-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-762-18870725 t18870725-762-offence-1 t18870725-762-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-762-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-762-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-762-18870725" type="age" value="57"/>
<interp inst="def1-762-18870725" type="surname" value="VINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-762-18870725" type="given" value="CHARLES HORTON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HORTON VINSON</hi> (57)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-762-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-762-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-762-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, three packets containing moneys of the Postmaster-General</rs>.—
<rs id="t18870725-762-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-762-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-762-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-762-18870725 t18870725-762-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18870725-762-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-762-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-762-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-763">
<interp inst="t18870725-763" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-763" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-763-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-763-18870725 t18870725-763-offence-1 t18870725-763-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-763-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-763-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-763-18870725" type="age" value="80"/>
<interp inst="def1-763-18870725" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="def1-763-18870725" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HAMMOND</hi> (80)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-763-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-763-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-763-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> to unlawfully obtaining money by false pre
<lb/>tences, and to a previous conviction.—</rs>
<rs id="t18870725-763-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-763-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-763-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-763-18870725 t18870725-763-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">One Day's Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18870725-763-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-763-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-763-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-764">
<interp inst="t18870725-764" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-764" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-764-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-764-18870725 t18870725-764-offence-1 t18870725-764-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250008"/>
<persName id="def1-764-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-764-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-764-18870725" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def1-764-18870725" type="surname" value="GOODWIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-764-18870725" type="given" value="EDWARD HERBERT JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD HERBERT JOHN GOODWIN</hi> (14)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-764-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-764-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-764-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, Unlawfully attempting to have carnal knowledge of
<persName id="t18870725-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-24" type="age" value="5"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-24" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-24" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-764-offence-1 t18870725-name-24"/>Mary Ann Jones</persName>, aged 5.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TICKELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18870725-764-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-764-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-764-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of an indecent assault</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18870725-764-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-764-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-764-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-764-18870725 t18870725-764-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-765">
<interp inst="t18870725-765" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-765" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-765-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-765-18870725 t18870725-765-offence-1 t18870725-765-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-765-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-765-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-765-18870725" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-765-18870725" type="surname" value="PATTEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-765-18870725" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT PATTEN</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-765-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-765-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-765-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Unlawfully carnally knowing
<persName id="t18870725-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-26" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-26" type="surname" value="PELHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-26" type="given" value="GEORGINA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-765-offence-1 t18870725-name-26"/>Georgina Pelham</persName>, aged 14.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-765-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-765-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-765-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-765-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-765-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-765-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-765-18870725 t18870725-765-punishment-8"/>Twelve Month' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-766">
<interp inst="t18870725-766" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-766" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-766-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-766-18870725 t18870725-766-offence-1 t18870725-766-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-766-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-766-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-766-18870725" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-766-18870725" type="surname" value="CARPENTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-766-18870725" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK CARPENTER</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-766-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-766-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-766-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18870725-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-28" type="surname" value="LARKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-28" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-766-offence-1 t18870725-name-28"/>Charles James Larkin</persName>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEDDON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The Jury were of opinion that the wound was caused accidentally, and found the prisoner.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-766-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-766-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-766-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, July</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1887.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-767">
<interp inst="t18870725-767" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-767" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-767-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-767-18870725 t18870725-767-offence-1 t18870725-767-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-767-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-767-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-767-18870725" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-767-18870725" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-767-18870725" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM MARSHALL</hi> (27)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-767-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-767-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-767-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>**
<rs id="t18870725-767-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-767-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-767-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to feloniously uttering counterfeit coin, having been convicted of unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin at this Court in October, 1881.—</rs>
<rs id="t18870725-767-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-767-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-767-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-767-18870725 t18870725-767-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servi
<lb/>tude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-768">
<interp inst="t18870725-768" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-768" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-768-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-768-18870725 t18870725-768-offence-1 t18870725-768-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-768-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-768-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-768-18870725" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-768-18870725" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-768-18870725" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE JOHNSON</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-768-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-768-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-768-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-31" type="surname" value="CADWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-31" type="given" value="LILY"/>LILY CADWELL</persName> </hi>. My father keeps the Bedford Arms, Seven Sisters Road, Holloway, and I assist in the bar—on 17th June, about 10 p.m., I served the prisoner with some soda and gin, price 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he was alone—he gave me a sovereign, and I gave him a half-sovereign and 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver—I then turned to serve another customer, and about a minute afterwards the prisoner pushed a half-sovereign to me and asked me to give him silver, which I did, and took the half-sovereign into the parlour and showed it to my father, who went into the bar with me, but the prisoner was gone—I gave the coin to the prosecutor—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I afterwards picked the prisoner out from about ten others at Clerkenwell Police-court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not make a complaint at the station next day—I did nothing till I read in the newspapers that a man was charged with a similar trick at Clerkenwell—my father then went to the station, and got a description of the man just locked up, and brought it to me, but I aid not identify him by that—the paper is destroyed; it described his complexion fair and chin shaved—his clothes were described—I picked the prisoner out on 6th July from a number of men, but not from the paper—some of them were dark—my sister Alice was not with me then; she did not give evidence before the Magistrate, but she was in Court—a policeman was in the yard—I did not know Mr. Gill or Miss Thorn before—my sister had a much better view of the prisoner than I had—I did not see her pick up a half-sovereign and put it in her pocket.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250009"/>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I picked out the prisoner by his features—the prosecutor was in the yard, but he said nothing to me about the identification.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-32" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-32" type="surname" value="CADWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-32" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE CADWELL</persName> </hi>. I live at the Bedford Arms, Seven Sisters Road, and assist in the bar—on 17th June I was in the bar, and saw my cousin Lily serve the prisoner—he paid her with a sovereign, and she give him the change—ho picked it up and put it in his right-hand trousers pocket, and pulled out some gold from his left trousers pocket, threw it on the counter, and asked my cousin if she could give him all silver, which she did—I then saw her try it and take it into the parlour where Mr. Cadwell was, and as soon as she came round the corner the prisoner left without drinking the whole of his gin and soda—there was only the counter between us, and I noticed a mole on his right cheek—I went to the station to identify him on the same day as my cousin went and saw the prisoner there with about eight men and identified him—I have no doubt about him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not called as a witness at the police-court—the man was a stranger to me; he was about three minutes in the house—the mole is on his right cheek—his left side was towards me—I was wiping glasses—five out of the eight men I saw at the station were dark-haired men.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-33" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-33" type="surname" value="THORN"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-33" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>MINNIE THORN</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid to Mr. Gill, who keeps the Queen's Arms, Pentonville—on 20th June, about 11.45 p.m., the prisoner came in alone, and two strangers followed him—he asked for a small soda, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and gave me a sovereign—I gave him a half-sovereign in change, and the rest in silver and bronze—I took the half-sovereign from the change rack; there was only one half-sovereign there—after giving the change I served a man and woman, and while I was doing so the prisoner asked me if I could give him all silver and pushed a half-sovereign along, but I noticed that it was not the same; it was a different colour to a genuine one—I called Mr. Gill—the prisoner said that he did not want any bother over it—I sent for a constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Gold is put in the change rack in the morning—I should put the half-sovereign on the rack and take silver—I never had the bad half-sovereign in my hand—I am certain the one I gave the prisoner was good—I told the prisoner that it was not the same, and he said that it was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He offered to pay for what he had with small money and he did so—I had tested the half-sovereign I gave the prisoner by the sound as I put it down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-34" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-34" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GILL</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Queen's Arms, Henry Street—on 20th June, shortly before 12 o'clock, Miss Thorn showed me a bad half-sovereign—I saw the prisoner in the bar—he said that it was the same coin as she had given to him—she said it was not—I asked him if he had any other money—he said "A few coppers," turned out 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and said that that was all he had—I called a policeman—the prisoner was searched, but they did not find any half-sovereign on him—I had been serving the whole evening—I had put 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of silver there not half an hour before, but no gold—I afterwards received another half-sovereign from another customer, gave silver for it, and placed it on the same tray—it was good, I sounded it—that was the only half-sovereign on the rack at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> 11.30 is a fairly busy time at our house—every one serving in the bar would go to the rack for change; they would ring the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250010"/>
<p>money first—we never take a sovereign or a half-sovereign without ring. ing it—I did not feel justified in giving the man in custody—I suggested that he should go to the station, never thinking that he would.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had put the silver on the tray about a quarter of an hour before—I looked at it again about 12.30—when we closed there was then 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in silver and 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold, and that 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. had been given to the prisoner, so that only two gold coins had been changed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-35" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-35" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ALLEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 229). I was called, and Mr. Gill said in the prisoner's presence that he had brought in a half-sovereign, and asked for a small lemon—I saw on the counter a counterfeit half-sovereign, 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, and 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze—I asked the prisoner what he had to say to it; he said "The barmaid gave it to me with the other silver and bronze"—he submitted to be searched, and I found 5 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze on him, nothing else—he said that he would go with me to the station, but he did not want any trouble about it, he did not know what he was to do; he was only a labouring man—at the station he gave his address George Johnson, 24, Offord Road, Barnsbury—I made inquiries there, in consequence of which I detained the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> A statement came back to the station that he was not known at Offord Road, and the sergeant said "What address do you give now?" he said "I give the same address as before," but next day he said "I will give you my correct address," and gave me a public-house kept by his mother—a private clothes man told me the prisoner's address—I asked him if it was right—he said "Yes."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-36" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-36" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA WOOD</persName> </hi>. I live with my husband at 24, Offord Road, Barnsbury—the prisoner does not lodge there—he is a total stranger to me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There is no public-house called the Offord Arms near there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-37" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-37" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these two half-sovereigns are counterfeit, and made from the same mould, and of the same substance as pewter pots are made: and gilt in a battery.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-768-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-768-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-768-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1887.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-769">
<interp inst="t18870725-769" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-769" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-769-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-769-18870725 t18870725-769-offence-1 t18870725-769-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-769-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-769-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-769-18870725" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-769-18870725" type="surname" value="BETTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-769-18870725" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BETTS</hi> (31)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-769-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-769-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-769-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18870725-769-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-769-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-769-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18870725-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-39" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-39" type="surname" value="DICKENS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-39" type="given" value="ADA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-769-offence-1 t18870725-name-39"/>Ada Dickens</persName>, his wife being then living.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-769-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-769-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-769-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-768-18870725 t18870725-769-punishment-10"/>Two Days' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-770">
<interp inst="t18870725-770" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-770" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-770-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-770-18870725 t18870725-770-offence-1 t18870725-770-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-770-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-770-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-770-18870725" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-770-18870725" type="surname" value="CRAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-770-18870725" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR CRAWFORD</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-770-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-770-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-770-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Embezzling the sums of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., which he had received on account of
<persName id="t18870725-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-41" type="surname" value="SHERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-41" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-41" type="occupation" value="furniture warehouseman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-770-offence-1 t18870725-name-41"/>John Sherwood</persName> and another, his masters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. WOODFALL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SLORACH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-42" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-42" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am an ironmonger and gas-fitter of Elizabeth Street, Eaton Square—in the autumn of last year I did certain work for Messrs. Mowsell Brothers, and in October I sent in the Michaelmas ac
<lb/>count, amounting to 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—at Christmas I sent in an account for 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; that included the 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—on 19th March this year I re
<lb/>ceived payment of the 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-43" type="surname" value="SHERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-43" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SHERWOOD</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the firm of Mowsell Brothers, of 15, Elizabeth Street, Eaton Square, furniture warehousemen—in Septem
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250011"/>
<p>last I engaged the prisoner as petty cashier, to pay wages on Satur
<lb/>days and to keep the books—his duties were to receive small sums and enter them in his books, and to receive accounts paid over the counter, to enter up the books, to pay out accounts, and to advance money to the men when they went on journeys—I know his handwriting—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the cash book kept by him—this entry, under the date of September 16, "Memorandum, balance in hand 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.," represents the balance he should have in hand when he entered our service—I first suspected some
<lb/>thing wrong on 13th January this year—he left in January after the examination of the books by an accountant—after engaging the prisoner I raised his salary to 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a week—I spoke to him about this—I told him to make up the books—he would not do so for some time—finally he said he had not sufficient money; he was afraid he was short—he was afraid to make up his books or we should find him out—I told him to make up his cash book and give me a memorandum of the amount that was due, so that I could get the money from his surety—he gave me this memo
<lb/>randum. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "I acknowledge to have 66
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., money belonging to Mowsell Brothers, and will repay the same, 33
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in five days, and the like amount seven days afterwards. Signed,
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. CRAWFORD</hi>, 17th January, 1886.") That sum of 66
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. represented the amount that I thought ho was short at that time, and that amount tallied with his cash book—I afterwards had his book examined by Mr. Niblet, the accountant, and subsequently discovered several other defalcations—amongst others 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., paid to Brown; he takes credit for that, which he ought not to have done—we afterwards paid it—there is also 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. paid to the Silvering Company—we paid that after the prisoner left—Mrs. Henderson had warehoused some furniture with us last autumn, upon which she owed us 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—if the prisoner received that he ought to have entered it in this book—we discovered that that had not been paid, on 28th March, after the prisoner had left, at the time we gave instructions to our solici
<lb/>tor to prosecute him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> When you left Mr. Niblet had checked your book with the vouchers—I allowed you to stay a week afterwards to give any explanation you could—Mr. Niblet had not quite finished—I found the case so much worse than I thought.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I did not mention these specific sums to the prisoner—I left it to the accountant.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-44" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-44" type="surname" value="HENDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-44" type="given" value="AGNES"/>AGNES HENDERSON</persName> </hi>. I reside at Bath—in autumn last I had some fur
<lb/>niture warehoused with Messrs. Mowsell—14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was due for storage—I wrote to them for a loan on the furniture—I received a letter in answer, and one inside from the prisoner, stating that he knew of some one who would do it—he did obtain the loan of 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he forwarded me 130
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., deducting the 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for other charges.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Your letter was in the same handwriting as the one from the firm—I appointed you my agent to receive the money—it was a matter between ourselves; you had to account to me for the way in which you disposed of the money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-45" type="surname" value="NIBLET"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-45" type="given" value="GEORGE SAMUEL"/>GEORGE SAMUEL NIBLET</persName> </hi>. I am an accountant, of 66, Rodwell Road, East Dulwich—I have been agent to Messrs. Mowsell for about nine years—in January this year I commenced the audit—I investigated this petty cash book kept by the prisoner—I found there were many items the prisoner had not entered in this book for the week ending</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250012"/>
<p>December 18th—I found several amounts entered as paid for which there was no voucher—there is an item of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for post-office order from the Patent Silvering Company—I cannot say that the prisoner assisted me in going through the book—I had great difficulty in getting him to make it up—after some trouble he got the book made up, and I went, through it, and found that vouchers were wanting for several items—I called his attention to it, and asked him to produce them—he had a private drawer full of papers—I said "You had better hunt them up, and see if you cannot find them"—he found some bills, but not receipted, and this was among them—I asked him to produce the voucher for the 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he produced these documents and this statement of the amounts which ought to have been receipted—it is a statement of the goods delivered to Messrs. Mowsell, and these are the invoices—I believe this memorandum is in the prisoner's writing—the voucher for the 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was missing—he found an invoice for it—he admitted that it was not paid—he did not say why it was entered as paid—he was very much confused—he admitted he was very wrong in his cash, and had very little to say.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I requested you to make up your petty cash book, and I had very great trouble to get you to do it; at last, under pressure from Mr. Sherwood you did do it—you produced a certain number of vouchers, but none for the items I have been speaking of—you admitted that you could not have paid those accounts.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-46" type="surname" value="TANNER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-46" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH TANNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). I arrested the prisoner on 27th June on the charge of embezzlement—he said "I must see the plaintiff, and come to some arrangement with him; I thought my surety, Mr. George, had paid that sum for me"—he repeated the observation at the police-station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said something about its being a matter of account between the firm and yourself—I do not remember your saying that your surety had received money on your account, and ought to have settled with Mr. Sherwood.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-47" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-47" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am manager to the Patent Silvering Company, of 10 and 12, Lower Kenning ton Lane—Messrs. Mow sell are customers of ours—in autumn last year I rendered this account for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and in December another account for 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., including the 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—that sum was not paid by post-office order in December; it was paid by Messrs. Mowsell some considerable time after.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defense stated that he arranged the loan to Mrs. Henderson with the knowledge and authority of the prosecutors, and with their knowledge deducted from it the</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s.; as to the two smaller sums of</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">in the multitude of business they must have escaped his memory.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-48" type="surname" value="SHERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-48" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SHERWOOD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I was not aware that the prisoner was trying to obtain the money for Mrs. Henderson—an advertisement came to my notice, and I distinctly forbade him to do so—we are not moneylenders—I had no idea he had got the money for Mrs. Henderson.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBERTS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Called by the Prisoner</hi>). I am manager to the prosecutor—this transaction with Mrs. Henderson came to my knowledge; I remember her applying for the loan; I did not know how it ended—I heard the prisoner say one day that he was trying to get a loan for her, but I paid no attention to it—I remember his sending for a copy of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250013"/>
<p>the inventory of Mrs. Henderson' furniture—I did not tell firm what I knew; I looked no it as a private matter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-770-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-770-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-770-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-770-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-770-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-770-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-770-18870725 t18870725-770-punishment-11"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-771">
<interp inst="t18870725-771" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-771" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-771-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-771-18870725 t18870725-771-offence-1 t18870725-771-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-771-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-771-18870725 t18870725-771-offence-1 t18870725-771-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-771-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-771-18870725 t18870725-771-offence-1 t18870725-771-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-771-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-771-18870725 t18870725-771-offence-1 t18870725-771-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-771-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def5-771-18870725 t18870725-771-offence-1 t18870725-771-verdict-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="def1-771-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-771-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-771-18870725" type="surname" value="DARBYSHIRE"/>
<interp inst="def1-771-18870725" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DARBYSHIRE</persName>,
<persName id="def2-771-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-771-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-771-18870725" type="surname" value="DARBYSHIRE"/>
<interp inst="def2-771-18870725" type="given" value="GEORGE"/> GEORGE DARBYSHIRE</persName>,
<persName id="def3-771-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-771-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-771-18870725" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def3-771-18870725" type="given" value="EDWARD"/> ED
<lb/>WARD WHITE</persName>,
<persName id="def4-771-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-771-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-771-18870725" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def4-771-18870725" type="given" value="GEORGE"/> GEORGE MARTIN</persName> </hi>, and
<persName id="def5-771-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def5-771-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def5-771-18870725" type="surname" value="DARBYSHIRE"/>
<interp inst="def5-771-18870725" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DARBYSHIRE</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-771-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-771-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-771-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18870725-771-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-771-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-771-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="conspiracy"/>to unlawfully conspiring</rs>,—
<rs id="t18870725-771-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-771-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-771-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-771-18870725 t18870725-771-punishment-12"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-771-18870725 t18870725-771-punishment-12"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-771-18870725 t18870725-771-punishment-12"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-771-18870725 t18870725-771-punishment-12"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def5-771-18870725 t18870725-771-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">To enter into their own recog
<lb/>nisances in </hi>25
<hi rend="italic">l. each to keep the peace and come up for judgment if called upon.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-772">
<interp inst="t18870725-772" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-772" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-772-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-772-18870725 t18870725-772-offence-1 t18870725-772-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-772-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-772-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-772-18870725" type="surname" value="HITCHCOCK"/>
<interp inst="def1-772-18870725" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WILLIAM HITCHCOCK</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18870725-772-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-772-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-772-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> for wilful and corrupt perjury in an affidavit sworn before a Commissioner.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HOPKINS</hi> Prosecuted;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BURNIE</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">LYNCH</hi> Defended.</p>
<hi rend="italic">the alleged perjury was that in the affidavit the defendant swore that he had not given the prosecutor into custody; the prosecutor and others proved that the defendant had done so, and upon that evidence the Jury found the prisoner</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-772-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-772-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-772-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>, and he was
<rs id="t18870725-772-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-772-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-772-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-772-18870725 t18870725-772-punishment-13"/>fined 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-773">
<interp inst="t18870725-773" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-773" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-773-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-773-18870725 t18870725-773-offence-1 t18870725-773-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-773-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-773-18870725 t18870725-773-offence-2 t18870725-773-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-773-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-773-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-773-18870725" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-773-18870725" type="surname" value="CAREW"/>
<interp inst="def1-773-18870725" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK CAREW</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-773-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-773-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-773-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing whilst employed in the Post-office two postal orders for 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. each and two orders for 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. each; and </rs>
<persName id="def2-773-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-773-18870725" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-773-18870725" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-773-18870725" type="surname" value="CAREW"/>
<interp inst="def2-773-18870725" type="given" value="WINIFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WINIFRED CAREW</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-773-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-773-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-773-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK CAREW</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-773-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-773-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-773-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GILL</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEOGHEGAN</hi> defended.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-57" type="surname" value="MANN"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-57" type="given" value="FREDDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDDERICK WILLIAM MANN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the confidential enquiry regard to losses of letters passing through the Finsbury Park Post Office I was instructed to make inquiries, and accordingly on the 3rd of July I made up two letters, and addressed one of them to Mr. A.C. Luscombe, 201, Seven Sisters Road, and put in that two 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. postal orders, and four pawn tickets, and the second letter was addressed to Mr. T. Smith, pawnbroker, 257, Seven Sisters Road, and in it was put tow 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. orders, six penny stamps, and a pawn ticket—I put my private mark on the orders and the stamps—I made the two 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. orders payable at the Seven Sisters Road Office, and left the name of the payee blank, and the two 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. orders I left quite blank with nothing on—I then fastened the letters up, and posted them at the Northern District Post Office at 5 o'clock the same day, and gave certain instructions with regard to them—on the morning of 14th July I had certain information with regard to those letters, and in consequence I saw Frank Carew, and had a conversation with him, and after that I went to 158, Marlborough Road, Upper Holloway, in company with constable Bick—I did not see the door opened, but I went upstairs afterwards and heard what took place in the room—Bick said to Winifiel "Where did you get the order as from that you cashed this morning?"—she said "I have not cashed any orders this morning"—he again asked her where she had obtained them from, and produced the two 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. orders—she said her brother had given them to her to cash for him—Bick then said "Your name is not E. Clarke?"—she said "He told me not to put my own name upon them"—he then asked her about the pawn tickets—she said she had not seen any pawn tickets, but after
<lb/>wards, I heard her say that her brother had burnt them on the fire in the next room—I then asked her where the stamps were that were with the orders, and she said "They are here," and she took them out of an album—I looked at them, and saw they were the stamps I had put in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250014"/>
<p>letter, and pointed—them out to the prisoner—she was then asked where the other orders were, and she said she did not know; she would go and see, and went into the next room—Bick followed her—she said she was very much upset, and came back again, and took the two As. orders from her dress pocket—these are the orders and the stamps (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the orders were both signed "E. Foster"—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are the two 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. orders—the signatures to the 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. orders are all in the same writing—she said her brother had given her the stamps—she said to me "Did you send the letter, Sir; cannot I pay the money?"—she was then taken to the Hornsey Road Police-station, and confronted with her brother, and I said to him "Your sister has acknowledged receiving these orders from you; what have you to say?"—he said "I may as well take the blame; I did steal them"—I afterwards showed him these ten postal orders, and spoke to him about them, and I afterwards showed them to the prisoner and said "Your brother has admitted giving you orders to cash for him, and the writing on these resembles yours; what have you to say"—she said "I recognise the handwriting being mine, but I don't recollect the papers"—they have all got writing upon them and different names, such as M. Smith, M. Palmer, and M. Clark, and were cashed at different offices.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Her brother was in custody when we went to where she was living, I heard Bick tell her he was a police constable in the service of the Post Office, so she knew some person had come from the Post Office to make inquiries about these letters—I have looked over the amounts of these orders, and find there is only one for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the others are for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and so on—her brother has been in the service of the Post Office since August, 1886, about eleven months—when I showed her these orders she admitted the writing at once—there was no attempt on her part to disguise or conceal the handwriting—all these orders have been cashed at post offices; they can pass from hand to hand like cash—it is not necessary for a person to write her name unless it is made payable specially at that office—the brother and sister were not together when I produced the ten orders—the brother said, behind the prisoner's back, that she did not know where he got them from—a Mr. Hill went with Bick.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-58" type="surname" value="CARMEN"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-58" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>JEREMIAH CARMEN</persName> </hi>. I am inspector at the Northern District Office of the Post Office—acting under instructions I went to my letter-box about 5 o'clock on the 13th of July, and found two letters there addressed as have been described—I stamped them with the office date stamp, and put them into the Finsbury Park bag, and I myself saw that bag dispatched to the Finsbury Park Office half an hour afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-59" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-59" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM HAMMOND</persName> </hi>. I am overseer at the Finsbury Park Post Office—Frank Carew was employed there as an auxiliary postman—on the 13th of July I received a bag from the Northern District Office at 5.53; that bag left there at 5.35—I saw it opened, and in it I saw the two letters described by the first witness—I locked them up in my desk till next morning, and then put them amongst the letters of Frank Carew's walk—that was at 6.40, the prisoner having come on duty at 6.20, and would leave for his delivery at 7.15—these two letters were not on his delivery, and therefore he should have sorted them up to another man to deliver—I searched that man's letters, and failed to discover these letters.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250015"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-60" type="surname" value="HILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-60" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HILLS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to the post-office receiver, 192, Seven Sisters Road—these postal orders were presented to me for payment on the 14th of July at 9.30 a.m. by the female prisoner—they were signed "A. Clark" at the time they were presented—I had previously received instructions with regard to two orders—I asked her to write her name and address on the back, and she wrote" A. Clark, 20, Cornwallis Road, Upper Holloway"—I gave her the money for the orders—I saw her again the same day at Marlborough Road, and identified her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-61" type="surname" value="BICK"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-61" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP BICK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Constable attached to the Post Office</hi>). On the 14th of July, about 10.30 a.m., I went with Mr. Mann and Hills to 158, Marlborough Road, where I saw the prisoner—I was in plain clothes—I asked if she was Miss Carew—she said "Yes"—I said I wished to speak to her—she went up to a first-floor room—I produced these two 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. postal orders, and said "These two orders were presented by you at the Seven Sisters Road this morning; where did you get them from?"—she said "I have not had any"—I said "I have seen your brother; where are the other two orders?"—she said "I have not seen any orders"—I again showed her the two 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; orders, and said "Where did you get these from?"—she said "My brother Frank gave them to me to get cashed; can't I pay the money?"—I said "No, that can't be done; how comes it that the orders are signed Clark; your name is not Clark"—she said "No, my brother told me not to put my own name on them"—I again said "Where are the other two orders?"—she said "I don't know, but I will try to find them"—she went into another room; I followed her—she said "I really don't know where they are; I am so upset"—she went back into the front room and took them from her pocket; she also produced two sovereigns from her pocket, and said "This is the money I got for the other two"—I said "What became of the pawn tickets and the remaining portions of the letters?"—she said "I don't know; Frank only gave me the orders"—I said "Did he burn them?"—she said "Yes, he did, by the fire in the other room"—Mr. Mann spoke to her about the stamps, and I saw her produce them from an album lying on the table—she was then taken to the station in Hornsey Road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>, I had seen the brother before I saw her, and he had replied to questions put to him by Mr. Mann—I asked her if she kept the money herself—she said "I always gave it to my brother"—there was a fire in the other room, and there were fragments of burnt paper, but nothing that could be identified.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I did change the postal orders, but I did not know they were stolen My brother told me to change them for him, but they were not for him, but for a young man. As regards the address, I did not know exactly where the young man lived, but I thought it would be about there."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18870725-773-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-773-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-773-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy on account of her previous good character</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18870725-773-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-773-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-773-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-773-18870725 t18870725-773-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">One Week's Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK CAREW</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-773-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-773-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-773-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-773-18870725 t18870725-773-punishment-15"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-774">
<interp inst="t18870725-774" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-774" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-774-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-774-18870725 t18870725-774-offence-1 t18870725-774-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-774-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-774-18870725 t18870725-774-offence-1 t18870725-774-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-774-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-774-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-774-18870725" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-774-18870725" type="surname" value="WIGGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-774-18870725" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR WIGGS</hi> (16)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-774-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-774-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-774-18870725" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def2-774-18870725" type="surname" value="FALLOWS"/>
<interp inst="def2-774-18870725" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR FALLOWS</hi> (16)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-774-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-774-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-774-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18870725-774-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-774-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-774-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18870725-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-64" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-774-offence-1 t18870725-name-64"/>Mrs. Clarke</persName> and stealing six pairs of boots and 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; also to another burglary in another dwelling house.</rs> Police Sergeant Agar stated that Fallows bore an excellent character, and had been led away by wiggs.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250016"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WIGGS</hi>
<rs id="t18870725-774-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-774-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-774-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-774-18870725 t18870725-774-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FALLOWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-774-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-774-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-774-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-774-18870725 t18870725-774-punishment-17"/>Two Days Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-775">
<interp inst="t18870725-775" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-775" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-775-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-775-18870725 t18870725-775-offence-1 t18870725-775-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-775-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-775-18870725" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-775-18870725" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-775-18870725" type="surname" value="MUNT"/>
<interp inst="def1-775-18870725" type="given" value="LIZZIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LIZZIE MUNT</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-775-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-775-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-775-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/> to endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.—</rs>
<rs id="t18870725-775-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-775-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-775-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18870725-775-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-775-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-775-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-775-18870725 t18870725-775-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1887.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-776">
<interp inst="t18870725-776" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-776" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-776-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-776-18870725 t18870725-776-offence-1 t18870725-776-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-776-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-776-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-776-18870725" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-776-18870725" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-776-18870725" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SCOTT</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-776-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-776-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-776-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice within 10 days.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BYRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-67" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-67" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-67" type="given" value="FLORENCE"/>FLORENCE WATKINS</persName> </hi>. I am waitress at the Exeter Hall Restaurant—on 14th July, about eight p.m., the prisoner came in, called for a cup of coffee, price 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and gave me a half-crown—I had seen him several times before—I put it in the till and gave him the change—he only stayed about three minutes—there was no other half-crown in the till; it had been cleared at eight o'clock—it is cleared three times during the day and again at 9.30, when business is over—the young lady who cleared it at 9.30 brought me this half-crown, and I identified it, because I had not taken another half-crown during that: time—the manager spoke to me about it—next day the prisoner came again about the same time, and asked for a bottle of soda water, price 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and gave me a half-crown—I noticed that it was bad, and gave it to the manager, as I had been in
<lb/>structed to do—he came into the bar, a policeman was called, and the prisoner said "I was not aware it was bad"—he was given in custody—the first half-crown was given back to me, and I kept it in my purse till next day, and both coins were given to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner said that he did not know the second coin was bad—I said before the Magistrate: "He was on Thursday dressed as he was on Friday, cane and all; it is not possible that I could be mis
<lb/>taken"—no service or entertainment was going on—we do not sell stimu
<lb/>lants, only light refreshments—the Young Men's Christian Association is held there—I saw the prisoner's pockets turned out and 32
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. found; there was no bad money—he was there on the second occasion between five and 10 minutes—he had to wait till I could call a constable—he had a cane on both occasions.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-68" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-68" type="surname" value="BERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-68" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BERRY</persName> </hi>. I am head waitress at the Restaurant at Exeter Hall—on 14th July, at eight o'clock, I cleared the till, only leaving in it two shillings and two sixpences—there was no half-crown there—I cleared it again at 9.30, and took the money to Mr. Bond—there was only one half-crown, which he handed to me—I found it bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The till is cleared four times a day—it was not'10 o'clock on Thursday night when I cleared it, but it was between 9.30 and 10.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> In the summer months we close at 9.30, and I take the money out shortly afterwards—I took no part in serving after eight that evening—I saw the prisoner there on the Thursday night after eight o'clock, and had seen him there before that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-69" type="surname" value="BOND"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-69" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BOND</persName> </hi>. I manage the Exeter Hall Restaurant—on 14th June, about 9.40, the last witness brought me the contents of the till, and I saw this bad half-crown there—I returned it to her, as she had to make it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250017"/>
<p>good, she having taken two bad ones previously—on the next evening Miss Watkins brought me another bad half-crown, and I sent for a con
<lb/>stable, and then went up to the prisoner, who was waiting for his change, and said "Are you aware it is a bad one?"—he said "Certainly not, you can search me if you like"—I said "You were also here last evening, Thursday"—he said "I was not anywhere near Exeter Hall last even
<lb/>ing"—he turned his pockets out on the counter, of his own accord—I gave both the coins to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He had 32
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. loose in his pocket, but no bad money—he turned it out after saying that he was not anywhere near Exeter Hall the evening before—it was mentioned to the barmaid on the Thursday evening that the bad money must be made good, but that was not the ordinary practice—I noticed the bad coin first on the Thursday, and said to Miss Berry, "This looks like a bad half-crown"—I had not seen the prisoner before—I did not see him on the Thursday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-70" type="surname" value="EARNSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-70" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT EARNSHAW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 387). On 15th July, shortly after eight p.m., I was called to the Restaurant, Exeter Hall, and Mr. Bond gave the prisoner into my custody—he said "This man has just tendered this half-crown"—I said "Who to?"—he said "To this young lady for a bottle of lemonade; he was in last night and tendered another, which was bad; he had a cup of coffee then"—I said to the prisoner, "You hear what is said?"—he said "I was not aware that this was a bad half-crown, and I was not in or near Exeter Hall last night"—I said "Have you any more about you?"—he said "No, you can search me," and put his hand in his pocket and took out all the money he had and laid it on the counter—Miss Watkins said "I am certain it is him," and Mr. Bond said "The description the young lady gave me was so good that I knew he was the man"—I received these two coins, one from Miss Watkins and the other from Mr. Bond—I marked them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He showed no reluctance to turn out his pockets—the money was loose; he had no purse—he put the whole of it on the counter—I felt his pockets afterwards and he had no more—I don't think he said "You may search me" before I said "I must search you," but I won't pledge my oath to that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-71" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-71" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these coins are counterfeit and from different moulds.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The one that is not bent does not ring like a good one, but it might deceive some people—a good coin will not only ring but it will spring—a bad one will only spring a certain height.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I am quite innocent; I can bring witnesses that I was not there on the Thursday."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-72" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-72" type="given" value="MARY"/>MART MILLS</persName> </hi>. I live with my husband at 13, Hale Street, in the first floor back room, and the prisoner and his wife occupy the first floor front—on 14th July, at a few minutes past six p.m., I saw the prisoner in a cab—he pulled up at a public-house and had a drink, and then drove to cur door—I saw that he was under the influence of drink—I went up to any room and then heard him come up—I never went outside the house all the evening except into the yard, and he could not have gone out without my knowing it, as being very warm weather I had my door open till I went to bed—I heard him in his room, and I saw him twice, first in the yard, half an hour after he came home—he had to go down there,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250018"/>
<p>being ill from drinking—I spoke to him, and he did not give me any direct answer—he was sitting in a chair—I heard him speaking to his wife as a drunken man would speak—I saw him again between eight and nine—he could not have gone out of his room between 6.30 and eight or nine o'clock and gone to Exeter Hall, because my room door was open the whole time, and nobody could go out without my seeing them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have lived in the house 10 months, and the prisoner five or six weeks—I was not asked to give evidence; I volunteered—I did not go to the police-court; this is my first appearance—I have not made a statement to anyone—I told his wife that I would come—I know it was the 14th, because it was my washing day—I did not miss him from his lodging on the night of the 15th—I know that it was shortly after 6 o'clock that I saw him on the 14th, because I was going to get half a pint of beer at the public-house, and Mrs. Scott asked me to see what time it was, and I came back and told her it was 6.5 by the Castle clock, and hen she said "There is my husband up at the tap," and I saw him get into the Hansom's cab and drive to the door and go up to his room—I saw him up and down in the yard several times—the last time was somewhere about 9 o'clock—I am a bad walker, but I could walk from my place to Exeter Hall in half an hour—there was about half an hour between his going down to the yard and coming up.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have no interest in the matter one way or other—he went to the yard many times between 6.30 and 9, and he went down after 9.</p>
<rs id="t18870725-776-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-776-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-776-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18870725-777" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
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<persName id="def1-777-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-777-18870725" type="gender" value="female"/>
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<interp inst="def1-777-18870725" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-777-18870725" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN THOMPSON</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-777-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-777-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-777-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counter
<lb/>feit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BYRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-74" type="surname" value="TALBOT"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-74" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH TALBOT</persName> </hi>. I live at 27, Endell Street, and am a caterer for cabmen's shetters—on 14th July, a little after 9 p.m., I was in a tobac
<lb/>conist's shop 5 New street—the prisoner came in and asked for a quarter of an ounce of S.P. snuff, and put down a half-crown—the person in the shop said "A penny farthing"—she picked the coin up, and the Person belonging to the shop said "I beg your pardon, it is a half-crown"—she looked at it, showed it to me, and said "It is a bad one, is it not Sir?"—I said "Yes," and jerked it in my fingers, and gave it back to her—she put it to her teeth, then gave it back to the prisoner, and asked if she had any more money to pay for the snuff—she made no answer, but reeled out of the shop as if she was under the influence of drink—followed her; she walked across to Smith's, the baker's No. 26, walked past the shop, turned round, came back, and walked in—I saw the shop woman looking at a coin, which she gave back to the prisoner, who lift the shop—I went in and spoke to the shopwoman, and then followed the prisoner to the corner of Now Street and St. Martin's Lane—she met scott (
<hi rend="italic">see next case</hi>), and they walked together—I followed them, and spoke to a policeman—we walked past them; they stopped outside Johnson's coffee-house—we doubled back on them, and the prisoner was in the coffee-room and Scott waiting outside—I went in and pointed her out to the constable—the young woman serving had this half-crown in her hand—the constable took it, and found it was bad—the constable went out and brought in Scott, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250019"/>
<p>asked him whether the prisoner was his wife—he said "No," but he had known her for some years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-75" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-75" type="surname" value="BRUGGENMAYER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-75" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA. BRUGGENMAYER</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, of 5, New Street, St. Martin's Lane—on 14th July, soon after 9 p.m., Talbot was in my shop, and the prisoner came in and asked for a quarter of an ounce of Wilson's S.P., which came to a penny farthing—she put down a halt-crown—I took it for a penny, and said "It is five farthings"—she then pushed it nearer to me—I took it up and said "It is a half-crown"—I tried it with my teeth, which sank in it, and I said "It is bad," and asked Talbot to look at it—he returned it to me—I gave it to the prisoner, and she walked out with it—I had not bent it, or rung it, or felt the weight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-76" type="surname" value="EBERLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-76" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE EBERLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at Mr. Smith's a baker, 26, New street—on 14th July, a little after 9 p.m., the prisoner came in for a half quartern loaf, and gave me a half-crown—I said "This is no use," and broke it in the tester easily—I laid the pieces on the counter, and he took them up, and was going out—I saw some coppers in her hand, and said "You can pay for the loaf"—she laid down twopence, and said "That is not enough, is it?"—I said "No, I want another halfpenny"—she said "That is not my money"—she then seemed intoxicated, and did not speak clearly, but she was not so when she came in—she took up the pieces, and walked out, and made a motion with her hand—I thought she threw the pieces away—this little piece (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is what I broke off; I saw the policeman find it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-77" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-77" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-77" type="given" value="LUCY"/>LUCY CLARK</persName> </hi>. I am a waitress at a coffee-house, 1, Long Acre—on 14th July, about 9.30 p.m., the prisoner came in and asked for a small cap of tea—she threw down a half-crown—I picked it up, and said "What do you call this?"—Mr. Talbot then came in with a constable who took it out of my hand, and then went out and brought Scott in, and asked him if the woman was his wife—he said "No, but I know her."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-78" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-78" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD BAKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 373). On 14th July, at 9.15 a.m., I was on duty in St. Martin's Lane—Talbot spoke to me, and I followed the prisoner and Scott to Long Acre—they walked together, and stopped and spoke for four or five seconds, and the prisoner went into the coffee tavern—we doubled back, and I went into the shop—Scott was standing outside with his back to the shop—I asked the woman in the shop to let me look at a coin which she had in her hand—she gave me this half-crown, and I said "This is a bad one"—Talbot kept the prisoner in the shop, and I went out and brought Scott in, and said "Is this your wife?"—he said "No, but I have known her some time"—she made no reply—I searched Scott at the station, and found on him two good sixpences and sixpence halfpenny in bronze—on the same evening I searched outside 26, New Street, and found this small piece of a half-crown—Miss Eberley identified it—at the station Scott said "I have never seen the female before," and she said that she had never seen Scott before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> The piece was in the gutter, just opposite the baker's shop—I asked you at Bow Street what you had done with the other pieces, and you said that you had none.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-79" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-79" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-79" type="given" value="THEODOSIA"/>THEODOSIA CURTIS</persName> </hi>. I searched the prisoner at the station, and found in her pocket 6 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-80" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-80" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a counterfeit half-crow, and this</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250020"/>
<p>is a fragment of another—a coin breaking easily in the tester is a sign of its being bad, and also the teeth sinking into it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "The man is perfectly innocent."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I know nothing of this
<hi rend="italic">gentleman</hi> whatever (
<hi rend="italic">Scott</hi>). I was the worse for liquor. He says he knows nothing about me. I might have stumbled against him, having had a drop of drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-777-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-777-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-777-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. She then
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of a like offence at this Court, in the name of
<persName id="t18870725-name-81">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-81" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-81" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>Mary Ann Jones</persName>, in February</hi>, 1884. (
<hi rend="italic">See next case.</hi>)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-778-18870725" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN THOMPSON</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted, with
<persName id="def2-778-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-778-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-778-18870725" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def2-778-18870725" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="def2-778-18870725" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SCOTT</hi> (56)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-778-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-778-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-778-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, for unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BYRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Scott.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18870725-778-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-778-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-778-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="italic">The evidence in the former case was read to the witnesses from the short hand writer's notes, to which they assented.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Scott's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I can prove I am a hard
<lb/>working man. I was never in prison in my life."</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SCOTT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-778-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-778-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-778-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMPSON</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-778-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-778-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-778-18870725 t18870725-778-punishment-19"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-779-18870725" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-779-18870725" type="surname" value="CORNISH"/>
<interp inst="def1-779-18870725" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL CORNISH</hi> (34)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-779-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-779-18870725" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-779-18870725" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-779-18870725" type="surname" value="CORNISH"/>
<interp inst="def2-779-18870725" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH CORNISH</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-779-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-779-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-779-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully making 30 counterfeit sixpences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BYRON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-86" type="surname" value="CAUNTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-86" type="given" value="ELI"/>ELI CAUNTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). I was watching No. 168, Old Montague Street, with other officers, in consequence of information, for about a week previous to 4th July, and saw the prisoners go in and out frequently—on 4th July, about 7.15 p.m., I went to the house with Stacey and Morton—the front door was open—I went up to the first-floor back room and found it locked—I did not knock; I burst it open, and saw the two prisoners sitting on the edge of the bed; the male prisoner had a piece of hot iron in his right hand, and a sixpence in his left, which he threw on a table among 11 others—I said "I am a police officer; I shall search your room, as I suspect you of making counterfeit coin"—he said "We are not doing anything; we don't live here, we have only come to have tea"—there was a teapot in front of the fire, but no cups or saucers—he had no coat, hat, boots, or stockings on, and the female prisoner had no bonnet or shawl on—there was a very large fire—on the table by their side I found a bowl of wet sand, and on the floor, a packet of cyanide of potassium, and on a shelf a copper wire used as a battery; on the mantelpiece two pocket-knives and some white metal, and in the fire this piece of metal, and these other pieces under—the grate—I saw Stacey find 12 unfinished counterfeit sixpences on the table, on which was this cloth—I told them they would be charged with possessing and making counterfeit coin—they said nothing—I searched them, but found nothing—they were charged at the station, and made no reply—they gave their address, 9, Brick Lane, Spitalfields—that is a coffee-house—I told him I had made inquiries there, and found he did not live there—he said "I was confused at the time, and did not know what I was saying"—the door was either bolted or locked.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-87" type="surname" value="STACEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-87" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS STACEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective H</hi>). I went with Counter and Martin to this house—the room door was fastened; we had to force it—I found 12 counterfeit sixpences on the table, and two iron spoons with marks of metal on them, and a small file, and on a shelf four pairs of scissors, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250021"/>
<p>in a cupboard this tin can of plaster-of-Paris, some glue, grease, and lamp-black, and I saw Martin find 18 sixpences between the bed and the mattress—I said to Samuel, "How do you account for the possession of these sixpences?"—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-88" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-88" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MARTIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 271). I searched this room, and found 18 unfinished sixpences between the bed and the mattress, in tissue paper, but not done up separately—the prisoner Samuel said "We don't live here, we only came here to tea."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-89" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-89" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT JENKINS</persName> </hi>. I am deputy at 168, Old Montague Street, and let the first-floor back room to the prisoners about six months and a fort
<lb/>night ago at 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>? a night—they have both come to my house with the money—they both occupied the room; they took it together, and he said that he worked in Spitalfields Market—he called her his wife, and she called him her husband, but I never heard their name as I let the rooms by numbers—they paid regularly, but sometimes there were skips, and then they paid the next day—the room has not been used by anybody else since 4th July.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner Samuel.</hi> There was no lock or bolt on your door when I let it to you, but I did not visit the room afterwards because you brought me the rent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-90" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-90" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these 12 sixpences are all bad, and unfinished by hand, and have not passed the battery—these 16 are in the same state, and many of them are from the same mould—cyanide of potassium, files, copper wire, and spoons are used in the manufacture of counterfeit coin, and plaster-of-Paris is used for making moulds—lamp-black is used to give the coins tone—this molten metal is the same as the coins are made of.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Samuel Cornish's Defence.</hi> A man brought me a bundle and said that another man would come for it in 10 minutes. I undid it and found these things. My wife threw some of the coins on the fire, and then the constables came.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Elizabeth Cornish's Defence.</hi> My husband came in and said that a man gave him the things. He undid the bundle, and I said "If I were you I would have nothing to do with them," and threw some of them on the fire. He said "Pour me out a cup of tea," and as I was going to do so the constables came upstairs.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL CORNISH</hi>
<rs id="t18870725-779-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-779-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-779-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18870725-779-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-779-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-779-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-779-18870725 t18870725-779-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH CORNISH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-779-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-779-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-779-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-780">
<interp inst="t18870725-780" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-780" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-780-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-780-18870725 t18870725-780-offence-1 t18870725-780-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-780-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-780-18870725" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-780-18870725" type="surname" value="CORNISH"/>
<interp inst="def1-780-18870725" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH CORNISH</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18870725-780-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-780-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-780-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for unlawfully having counterfeit coin in her possession, with intent to utter it,
<hi rend="italic">upon which</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-780-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-780-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-780-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-781">
<interp inst="t18870725-781" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-781" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-781-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-781-18870725 t18870725-781-offence-1 t18870725-781-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-781-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-781-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-781-18870725" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-781-18870725" type="surname" value="STEEET"/>
<interp inst="def1-781-18870725" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES STEEET</hi>. (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-781-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-781-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-781-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-93" type="surname" value="DALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-93" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DALTON</persName> </hi>. I keep an oil and colour shop at 33, Ferdinand Street, Chalk Farm Road—on 5th July, about a quarter to 8 p.m., I served the prisoner with some wash-leather, price 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a half-crown—I bent it in the detector and said "You know this is a bad one"—he said "I do not"—I went round the counter and sent for a constable—the prisoner then took out another half-crown and said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250022"/>
<p>"Take it out of that"—he was given in custody with the coin, taken before a Magistrate next day, and discharged—this is the coin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-94" type="surname" value="MILLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-94" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MILLARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y R.</hi> 30). I was called and received the prisoner and this coin—I found a good half-crown on him—he was dis
<lb/>charged at the police-court next day—he said that he changed a half-crown at the Cattle Market, and must have taken it there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-95" type="surname" value="PACKER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-95" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN EDWARD"/>WILLIAM JOHN EDWARD PACKER</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher, of 14, Lismore Circus—on 16th of July I served the prisoner with four-pennyworth of steak—he gave me a half-crown—I saw it was bad, and called Mr. Hassall, a neighbour, and showed it to him—he asked the prisoner if he had any more—he pulled out some more half-crowns and gave him—I gave him in charge with the coin—this is it—he offered me good money, but I declined.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-96" type="surname" value="HASSALL"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-96" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HASSALL</persName> </hi>. I am a licensed victualler, of 11, Lismore Circus—on 16th July I was called to Mr. Packer's shop, who showed me a bad half-crown—I said to the prisoner, "Have you got any more?" and he said, "No," and went outside—I went after him, and said, "This won't do, you know"—he said, "I'm not going to run away"—I said, "I did not say you were"—he went back to the shop with me, and took four or five good half-crowns from his pocket—a constable came, and he was given in charge with the coin—I asked him where he lived, he said, "King's Cross"—I said, "What do you do up here, then?"—he said "I came after some soot"—my place is over two miles from King's Cross.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-97" type="surname" value="FARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-97" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FARLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 374). Mr. Packer gave the prisoner into my charge with this coin—he said that he had five good half-crowns and he could take it out of them—I asked him how he came by it, he said he did not know—I found on him at the station, five good good half-crowns and a penny.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-98" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-98" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two half-crowns are bad, and from different moulds.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I got the money from where I went to work."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-99" type="surname" value="OSELEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-99" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM OSELEY</persName> </hi>. I am a chimney-sweep, of 153, King's Cross Road—the prisoner worked for me occasionally—he did so a few days previous, at carpet beating, and I paid him four half-crowns—they were good.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I nave another master, but he is not here. I went into the Market on Friday and took a bad half-crown out of a half-sovereign, not knowing it was bad. I had four half-crowns from Mr. Oseley, and half a crown I pawned my wife's, things for, and half a crown I had besides.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-781-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-781-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-781-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-781-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-781-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-781-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-781-18870725 t18870725-781-punishment-21"/>Six' Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, July</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1887.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-782">
<interp inst="t18870725-782" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-782" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-782-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-782-18870725 t18870725-782-offence-1 t18870725-782-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-782-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-782-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-782-18870725" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-782-18870725" type="surname" value="BUNDY"/>
<interp inst="def1-782-18870725" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GEORGE BUNDY</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-782-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-782-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-782-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining by false pretences goods from various persons with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-101" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-101" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>MR. CHARLES MATHEWS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TORR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-102" type="surname" value="PARRY"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-102" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PARRY</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Gloucester Terrace, Tottenham—on 4th January, 1887, the prisoner took two rooms at 10, Mincing Lane, agreeing verbally to pay a rental of 80
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—he said he represented</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250023"/>
<p>Eck, Campbell, and Co.—I demanded that he should bring those gen
<lb/>tlemen, and the next day he gave me this slip of paper with the name of Mr. Eck, and stating that he banked at the London and Westminster Bank—he pretended to go out to see them, and came back in as hour and said it was quite right, that they agreed to take the office, and that I should see them—I had said at first that if the gentlemen he spoke of made their appearance I would agree with them—I had no idea the prisoner was the man I agreed to let to—my solicitor wrote this letter to the prisoner, and received this letter from him. (
<hi rend="italic">This said that he took the rooms at</hi> 85
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">a year, and was signed A.J. Eck, of Campbell, Eck, and Co.</hi>) The prisoner promised to produce one of the partners of the firm to me, and on that representation I allowed him to have the office—after he went in, in the last week in January, I saw him, and asked him every day almost to produce the partners—he said in a day or two, that they had gone abroad, and that it was very wrong of me to treat him like this—I said, "If you give me a quarter's or half a quarter's rent I will let it go on"—he could not pay the rent or produce the partner—he put up the name of Campbell, Eck, and Co.—at last, about the beginning of February, I saw a revolver on the table one day when I went to speak to him, and he said it was a sample, and next day a policeman came to make inquiry about the revolver, and then I turned the prisoner out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> No agreement for the occupation of the office was drawn up and signed—I saw a handful of rice in the office, and people came after you—the offices were taken by you for Campbell, Eck, and Co.—you occupied them for scarcely a week—you wrote many letters, I saw you do so—you asked me one day to let you have a place to write letters in, as you were pressed for room, as your rooms were not ready, and I let you go to the hall-porter's box and write three or four letters—you gave 10 and 11, Mincing Lane as your address; I saw it on a paper you left there—you took possession of the offices on the Monday or Tuesday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-103" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-103" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD SMITH</persName> </hi>. I have been hall-porter at 10 and 11, Mincing Lane, for some time past—I remember the prisoner coming there in January, and the name of Campbell, Eck, and Co. being put up—I saw nobody there in connection with that business except the prisoner—he remained there some days, and was obliged to leave—he left money owing for cleaning rooms, &c.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw no one there but you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-104" type="surname" value="MEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-104" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY MEAD</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Messrs. Debenham and Tewson, of Cheapside, who have the letting of Baltic Chambers, 108, Bishopsgate Street—on 8th February the prisoner came and asked for particulars of the offices—I gave him particulars—the rent was 175
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—he went away to look at them, and came back, and produced the original of this, which purports to be a power of attorney, and he left this letter with it in our office. (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in the letter offered</hi> 175
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">per annum for the second floor for three years, on behalf of Mr. Adams, of Melbourne.</hi>) The prisoner gave references to the Royal Bank of Scotland, and to the firm of Campbell, Eck, and Co., of 10 and 11, Mincing Lane—I wrote to them, and received this post-card in reply. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated that they had done business with Mr. Adams, of Melbourne, and had trusted him with good sum, and that they understood Mr. Bundy had been appointed his agent.</hi>) After receiving</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250024"/>
<p>that we accepted the prisoner as tenant, as the representative of Mr. Adams—there was an agreement dated 14th February, under which he was to pay quarterly—one half quarter's rent became due on 25th March—no rent has ever been paid—a distress was put in by the landlord, and something was realised by that.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Our agents are Messrs. Heap, Son, and Reeves—I understand some payments have been made to them—they are distraining agents—we applied to the Royal Bank of Scotland as to Mr. Adams and got a satisfactory reply—I do not know whether any
<hi rend="italic">bond fide</hi> business has been carried on by you at Baltic Chambers—I have not heard that there was not a
<hi rend="italic">bond fide</hi> business being conducted there, I know nothing about it nor about the nature of the business, I have heard no complaints—I did not know you had left Baltic Chambers.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> These are letters from our firm to the prisoner pressing for payment of rent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-105" type="surname" value="BURNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-105" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BURNETT</persName> </hi>. I am a distiller, of 85, Albert Embankment—I have four partners and we trade as Sir Robert Burnett and Co.—I chiefly attend to our export department in Fenchurch Street—I was first introduced to the prisoner on the 23rd of February by a postcard (
<hi rend="italic">This was from Adam, Eck, and Co., of Baltic Chambers, saying that they had an inquiry for whisky and asked for terms</hi>), then a small transaction took place between us and the prisoner, amounting to 11
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., which we were paid for by cheque—I received this letter of 18th March (
<hi rend="italic">Ordering</hi> 1,000
<hi rend="italic">cases of Old Tom gin to be shipped for Salamis, signed W.G. Bundy, for Adams, Eck, and</hi> Co.)—I wrote an answer on the 19th of March (
<hi rend="italic">Stating they could not get</hi> 100
<hi rend="italic">cases to the Salamis to
<lb/>morrow, and that they should require references</hi>)—I received an answer on 19th March, giving as references with their bankers, W.F. Adams, London and Westminster Bank; F.V. Eck, Bank of England; and W.G. Bundy, London and North-Western Bank, and Moses Mevorach, of Belgrade; and stating that the firm had also a running account with the Bank of Vic
<lb/>toria—we wrote this letter of 19th March (
<hi rend="italic">Asking for trade references, and requesting him to attend to shipping</hi>)—this letter came in answer (
<hi rend="italic">Dated March 24th, and saying it would be rather difficult to send trade references, at they had only lately approached business of a general commercial character, and their transactions with spirit trade firms had been recent, but that they could assert themselves to be the largest exporters of whisky in London, to Australia, and that he thought that from the references he had given they should be able to find his partners were men of influence and wealth</hi>)—we answered that on the 28th (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that failing satisfactory trade references their terms were cask against the mate's receipt, and that the</hi> 1,000
<hi rend="italic">cases were now ready</hi>)—I received this of 31st March (
<hi rend="italic">Asking if the goods had not been sent that a pro forma invoice might be sent on Friday, and that he had no doubt he could give a cheque; though for future transactions he hoped they would allow him a good term, and stating that all the members of the firm of Adams, Eck, and Co. were wealthy men and had spent thousands in building up trade in Servia, and that Mr. Eck was reputed to possess three-quarters of a million sterling alone</hi>)—we sent this letter of 2nd April. (
<hi rend="italic">This enclosed pro forma invoice of</hi> 1,000
<hi rend="italic">cases, and stated that they could make up</hi> 1,000
<hi rend="italic">cases by Tuesday or Wednesday</hi>), and this of 4th April (
<hi rend="italic">Saying that the terms were cash against the mate's receipt</hi>)—I received this letter of 4th April (
<hi rend="italic">Requesting them to ship two lots of</hi> 500
<hi rend="italic">cases each of their gin to Melbourne on terms of cash against documents</hi>)—We wrote on 6th April (
<hi rend="italic">Saying they would ship the first</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250025"/>
<hi rend="italic">cases of Old Tom gin by the Port Jackson on the</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th, unless they heard to the contrary, and that they could not allow more than two months' discount for cash. Other letters were then read from the prisoner one of</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th April, saying he had instructions to ship</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">cases of gin to Yokohama, and asking if they could appoint agents for that place; one of</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th April stating that he was sending to the office a cheque for 2001. and asking for mate's receipt; one from Messrs. Burnett enclosing invoice of</hi> 500
<hi rend="italic">cases of gin which were to be shipped next day, and saying that they expected to have mate's receipt by Friday, against which they hoped his cheque for</hi> 204
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">would be ready, and further letters relating to transactions between the parties.</hi>)—I sent the receipt on the 18th of April as soon as we received it—the two cheques I received from the prisoner I paid into my bankers the same day, one was honoured and one dishonoured—I received this letter of 21st April (
<hi rend="italic">Stating he found only one cheque had been honoured, as his bankers had not cleared some of his drafts, and requesting him to re-present the cheque</hi>)—we wrote on 21st April to the prisoner (
<hi rend="italic">Saying his cheque had been three times presented and not paid</hi>), and on 22nd April (
<hi rend="italic">Stating the dishonoured cheque was in their solicitor's hands, whose address was given</hi>). (
<hi rend="italic">Other letters were read between the parties, including one from the prisoner of 27th April, saying that he wished if possible to arrange matters with the creditors of Adams, Eck and Co., as he had found out only the previous Thursday that they were entirely without means and had swindled him out of</hi> 1,100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">or</hi> 1,200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.)—we sent no answer to that—I believed the statements in the prisoner's letters as to Adams, Eck, and do. and as to the solvency of Mr. Adams and Mr. Eck and their connection with the prisoner, and in consequence of that belief I did business with the prisoner—I believed the prisoner was a member of the firm and that they were associated in a
<hi rend="italic">bond fide</hi> business—I believed he was in business in a large way, from his orders—the cheque for 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was presented three times I believe—it was never paid.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You sent two orders for whisky for Servia, one of which was refused—the first order that was completed was the first transaction I had with Adams, Eck, and Co.—I cannot recollect when that was paid—I never saw you at our office—you wrote apologising for delay in payment, and said your principals were in Belgrade at the time, that was this letter (18th
<hi rend="italic">March</hi>, 1887)—I allowed you credit for the first transaction because it was so small a one—I made no inquiries relative to Adams, Eck, and Co.'s standing—I trusted they were
<hi rend="italic">bond fide</hi> people on that transaction—we inquired at the banks you named as to the stand
<lb/>ing of Mr. Adams and Mr. Eck, we had a verbal answer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-106" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-106" type="given" value="HORACE CHARLES"/>HORACE CHARLES VINCENT</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the prosecutor's employ
<lb/>ment—on 18th April I received from the last witness this mate's receipt for 204
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., together with certain instructions—I took it to the office in Bishopsgate Street; outside I saw the name of Adams, Eck, and Co.—I saw the prisoner there, produced the receipt, and said I would hand it to him in the event of his handing me a cheque for the amount which I was authorised to collect—I took from him two cheques for 104
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., under the belief that they were good cheques and were to discharge the debt; then I left.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I recollect the transaction between Burnett and Adams and Eck, in which the goods went to Gillets, and your giving me a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250026"/>
<p>cheque for the amount; you saw me then; no one else—I don't remember your seeing Mr. Burnett at Fenchurch Street on any occasion—I never remember your making the assertion that you were a partner in the firm, or anybody doing so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-107" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-107" type="given" value="WILLIAM FREDERICK"/>WILLIAM FREDERICK ADAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the Stock Exchange, of 1, Copthall Chambers—I have an account at the London and West
<lb/>minster Bank—I know nothing at all of the prisoner beyond seeing him at the Guildhall in the dock—he was not an agent of mine, nor authorised in any way to represent me—I know nothing of Mr. Adams of Mel
<lb/>bourne, nor of J.D. Adkins of Melbourne.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not know Burnett and Co. personally previous to this case; they called on me about a fortnight before the last trial I should think—I know there is no one else of my name banking at the London and Westminster Bank.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-108" type="surname" value="ECK"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-108" type="given" value="FRANCIS VINCENT"/>FRANCIS VINCENT ECK</persName> </hi>. I live at 58, Cleveland Square, and am a member of the London Stock Exchange—I have kept an account at the Bank of England since 1886, I think—I have never been in partnership with a Mr. Bundy of Bishopsgate Street—I never saw the prisoner before—I have never by writing or in any way given him authority to act for Adams, Eck, and Co., or for me personally.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know Messrs. Robert Burnett and Co.—I know no one of my name of Belgrade—I have relatives abroad—I know no one of my name in Vienna.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-109" type="surname" value="SANDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-109" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SANDERS</persName> </hi>. I am the only representative in London of John Begg and Co., distillers, of Balmoral—our London office is 75, Mark Lane—on 5th March I received this post card from Adams, Eck, and Co.; in consequence I sent to Aberdeen, and then sent an assistant, Taylor, to the prisoner's office—he brought me back this order from Adams, Eck, and Co. (
<hi rend="italic">Ordering cases of whisky to be put on board the "Glenmore"</hi>)—I believed in the statements made to me in those documents, and in consequence I agreed that the order should be fulfilled, and the order was fulfilled to the amount of 282
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; afterwards, on 11th April, I received two more documents sent from Scotland. (
<hi rend="italic">These ordered</hi> 100
<hi rend="italic">oases of whisky for shipment to Japan</hi>)—I received on 12th April this letter from the prisoner. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that he had sent an order for bulk whisky, and that he should have a cheque ready for</hi> 75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">on Friday</hi>)—I went to Bishopsgate Street on 13th April to collect what was owing—I did not see the prisoner there—later in the day he called—we had some conversation about my visit to his office—he hardly spoke about the cheque due, but then asked would the second order for 50, quarter casks and 100 cases come down on Friday the 15th—I told him they could not arrive on Friday, but they might on Monday, and that the whole amount could not be fulfilled—I said it was not to be expected he could receive the second order till the first was satisfied—he said "I can give you a cheque to-day"—I said "It would be very much more simple"—he said "I can give you a cheque to-day, but it will have to be signed by another person"—he said it would arrive to-morrow—I said "Then the second order shall be executed"—he was anxious that the second order should be executed—the cheque did not arrive, and then I was advised to take proceedings—I received from our firm at Aberdeen on the 18th, Monday, a cheque for 75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. dated 15th April, together with this letter addressed to our firm at Aberdeen—I immediately arranged for a special</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250027"/>
<p>presentation of that cheque at our bank, and it was returned dishonoured—about 20th April this letter was sent to our firm promising pay
<lb/>ment of the 75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the next day—the cheque was presented and not met—we have received nothing with regard to the order executed—the second order was not executed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I should think the whole affair of the 75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was false pretences—you promised me a cheque and wished for goods afterwards—the only statement made previous to our supplying goods which induced us was the fact of your sending an order through Adams, Eck, and Co.—you tried to obtain goods for the second order by means of giving a cheque for the first order which was not met—you came and apologised about the cheque, and I said unless it was given and I received payment for the previous account that a further quantity of goods would not be supplied—I don't think I told one of your employees on the previous day, a short time before I went to my solicitor, that the goods would not be supplied unless a cheque were forthcoming on that day; I have no memory of it—the order was 50 quarter casks, and John Begg could supply as much as 26 out of the order at once, I think—one quarter cask would be worth about 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—all new John Begg's Scotch whisky is John Begg's, but their old is various whisky, partly John Begg's old whisky and partly other very good whisky—this order would have been Lochnagar whisky—it was my own action instructing a solicitor to serve Adams, Eck, and Co. with a writ—John Begg was waiting my instructions to ship the goods—I believe the order was put in hand; I cannot say that if 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. had been paid, the goods would have been supplied—I had not seen you till you called at my office, and when I saw you I was not so satisfied as I was before, or I think I should have required further reference—references had been given I think by letter which is produced here, I think—I made inquiries at Stubbs', and got the answer from Stubbs' that they were respectable and doing a good business, and on that information I supplied the goods—28 days after supplying the goods the cheque was given and dishonoured—I did not receive the cheque; it was promised to me personally—you did not send it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I heard from Stubbs' that Adams, Eck, and Co. were respectable people.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-110" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to the last witness after 7th March, by instructions, I called at the office of Adams, Eck, and Co.—on the second occasion I saw the prisoner, and he gave me the order which has been put in, and I posted it the same day to Mr. Saunders' private residence—I saw the prisoner at the office in Mark Lane on Friday morning, the day on which he was served with a writ—he seemed very indignant at being served with the writ, and said he would write to Mr. Begg about it; he did not understand such treatment—he said "Do you know if the goods have left Aberdeen?"—I said "I don't know"—he said "Can you get them this week?"—I said I did not know, but that Mr. Saunders had said unless the first amount was paid for he would not get the second lot of goods—the prisoner said if he wanted 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of goods he could get them from Burnett's to-morrow—I then referred him to Mr. Saunders' solicitor and left him—he said he had had the cheque the day before, but had not been able to come with it, and he would come to Mr. Saunders—I handed over the documents that came to Mr. Saunders.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250028"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know nothing about any pretences being made; I only received the orders, which were signed "Adams, Eck, and Co."—I remember the 100 cases of whisky being sent from Aberdeen—Mr. Saunders told me you had called on the Wednesday, and had promised to send a cheque on the Thursday morning—it had not come on the afternoon of that day, and as soon as Mr. Saunders came to the office I told him the cheque had not been sent, and he then instructed his solicitor to serve you with a writ—it was quite a week after the account was due that the cheque was promised, and it was not sent then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-111" type="surname" value="LIGERTWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN LIGERTWOOD</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Devanna Terrace, Aberdeen, and am a clerk in the employ of Begg, the distiller there—on 4th March I had an order from Mr. Saunders, our London representative, for 100 cases of whisky for Adams, Eck, and Co.—I caused those cases to be shipped on 9th March by the
<hi rend="italic">City of Aberdeen</hi> for London, to go to Melbourne by the
<hi rend="italic">Kenmure</hi>—later on, on 16th April, I received a letter from Adams, Eck, and Co., containing a cheque—I sent it back with the cheque to Mr. Saunders, instructing him to collect the cheque immediately—before that, on 14th April, I had received an order for 100 cases of whisky for Yokohama, and an order for 100 quarter-casks direct from Adams, Eck, and Co.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am not prepared to say what whisky we had in stock when we had the second order.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-112" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-112" type="surname" value="BEHREND"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-112" type="given" value="SUTCLIFFE WEMYSS"/>SUTCLIFFE WEMYSS BEHREND</persName> </hi>. I was in the prisoner's employment at 108, Bishopsgate Street from 15th February to 28th May—when I first saw him at 108, Bishopsgate Street I saw the name of "Adams, Eck, and Co." on the door, and the prisoner used that name generally—I was engaged by him as clerk to the firm of Adams, Eck, and Co., I presume, at 75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—I have gone through these documents—all these letters signed "Campbell, Eck, and Co.," "Adams, Eck, and Co.," "W.G. Bundy," and the letters and memoranda on the forms of J.D. Adkins, are in the prisoner's handwriting—this pencil memorandum signed at the back on 18th April is in his writing—this reference on a post-card to Messrs. Debenham and Tewson, vouching for Bundy as a respectable man in the name of Campbell, Eck, and Co., is in the prisoner's writing; I am sure about it—this endorsement on this cheque for 225
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. is in the prisoner's writing—all these documents are in his hand.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Since I have been with the firm I have received 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for salary—I do not know what amount I have received for petty cash, under 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—there was a petty cash book—I saw you at 12, Bishopsgate Street; none of the other clerks told me you were there—my work was correspondence, and part of the insuring—I thought Adams, Eck, and Co. was a
<hi rend="italic">straight</hi> concern, and that the business was genuine—you made the payments—I remember shipping goods to Belgrade, and whisky to Vienna—I believe I have seen Mr. Saunders once, I cannot remember more—I believe he called about the order for whisky—I do not remember if that was when he called and stated that unless he received 75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. payment for the transaction he would be unable to supply the further quantity.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> In connection with Adams, Eck, and Co. I never saw anybody at Bishopsgate Street except the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner.</hi> I went to Paris to see Mr. Campbell, and wrote to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250029"/>
<p>him—I did not see any letter written by Mr. Epiphannoff to Mr. Camp
<lb/>bell—I know there was some little correspondence with Belgrade.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-113" type="surname" value="PERFECT"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-113" type="given" value="HENRY BEECHAM"/>HENRY BEECHAM PERFECT</persName> </hi>. I am shipping clerk to Messrs. Milburn and Co., owners of the ship
<hi rend="italic">Port Jackson</hi>—I received this mate's receipt as shipping clerk from the prisoner or his representative, and I handed him this bill of lading in exchange for it—on that the goods would be consigned to order—the prisoner, trading as Adams, Eck, and Co., also instructed us to ship five bags.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I shipped five bags of ginger, and also a quantity of rum, in your name—I do not know if it was 6 guineas you paid for the freight of rum and ginger; I have not the freight note here—a cheque was handed afterwards—I handed the bills of lading to you personally—the
<hi rend="italic">Port Jackson</hi> left on 19th April; she closed receiving cargo on that day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-114" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-114" type="given" value="HUGH LEWIS"/>HUGH LEWIS TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am managing director of the Bank of Victoria, 28, Clement's Lane—Adams, Eck, and Co. has no account there, nor has the prisoner—the prisoner brought me a bill of lading, bill of exchange, and policy of insurance having reference to a consignment of spirits on board the
<hi rend="italic">Port Jackson</hi> going to Melbourne, and pledged them at the Bank of Victoria for 225
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I drew a cheque for 225
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in favour of Adams, Eck, and Co., and handed it to the prisoner, retaining the bill of exchange, bill of lading, and policy of insurance—the cheque was endorsed "Adams, Eck, and Co."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not remember seeing you at our office and asking you what authority you had to sign on behalf of the firm of Adams, Eck, and Co.—I remember once seeing you at the Bank of Victoria presenting a cheque, and I asked the cashier whether you were a proper party to receive it—you had no account of any kind with us—we negotiated your bills to the amount of 1,021
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and gave you cheques for them—I received notification from Mr. Musgrave that you had no connection with Mr. Adams of the firm of Adams, Eck, and Co.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> That was long subsequent to this transaction.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-115" type="surname" value="LANG"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-115" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL LANG</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the employment of the Bank of Victoria, and the prisoner had this negotiation with me personally on 18th April—I acted under the direction of the manager of the bank—he brought me the bill of lading, and received from me this cheque—I have seen him write on several occasions—this cheque is endorsed in his hand "Adams, Eck, and Co."—I advanced it on the goods in the
<hi rend="italic">Port Jackson</hi>, taking the bill of exchange, bill of lading, and policy of insurance.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> These bills of lading were drawn on J.H. Adams, of Melbourne—I received these from you personally—I have seen other clerks in Adams, Eck, and Co.'s employment, only on one or two occasions—you always used to receive and bring documents to the Bank of Victoria.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-116" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-116" type="surname" value="SPURLING"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-116" type="given" value="CHARTES FRANCIS"/>CHARTES FRANCIS SPURLING</persName> </hi>. I live at 44, The Avenue, Tottenham, and am clerk to Mr. George Hugh Frank, oil and colour broker in the City—about 18th May the prisoner called on me at 12, Bishopsgate Street, with respect to an office he wanted to take there; he glanced round the room, asked the rent, and said it would suit him, and he wrote down this, the names of three references, W. G. Bundy, Spartan Villa, Evening Road, Stoke Newington; Adams, Eck, and Co., Baltic Chambers; London and North Western District Bank; and Eugene Judge, Liverpool Chambers, Broad Street, E.C.—Mr. Franks was not in at the time—when</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250030"/>
<p>he came in I handed the paper to him, and a letter was written to W.G. Bundy, Spartan Villa—an answer was received in the prisoner's writing—he called a day or two after that and said he had forgotten to state that his own name was not to be put on the office, but that of Mr. G.J. Adkins, as Mr. Adkins was at Melbourne, and he (Mr. Bundy) was his London representative—after that he took possession of the office on Saturday, 21st May—a quarter's rent was about due when he said "I suppose you would like a cheque in advance"—the rent was to be paid in advance—he gave me this cheque on the London and North Western Bank for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; it was dishonoured—he said before he gave me the cheque, "I have not got a cheque book, I must write you out a cheque"—I received this letter from the prisoner—the cheque was not presented again; it was never paid.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't think any one else was in the office when you represented yourself as London agent for Mr. Adkins, of Melbourne—you were in possession of the office from Saturday afternoon till the Thursday following—I don't know if during that time you did anything else than correspond on matters relative to Adams, Eck, and Co.—I do not know of any business being done—the office consisted of one room, well fur
<lb/>nished, but not a large room—it has been used as a private room—I saw one of the clerks of Adams, Eck, and Co., who was trying to find you, and he told me there were others helping him to find you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-117" type="surname" value="IVES"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-117" type="given" value="CHARLES SAMUEL"/>CHARLES SAMUEL IVES</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Thomas Burchett, jeweller, of 69, Cheapside—on Monday, 23rd May, the prisoner came in and asked to see some diamond rings—he selected one marked 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and said if it was sent down to the address, Upper Clapton, in the afternoon he would pay for it, that he had not the money with him—he then produced this card, William Bundy, 108, Bishopsgate Street; Spartan Villa, Evening Road, Upper Clapton; and named a Conservative Club—I gave an employee the ring to take to the prisoner—the employee returned later in the afternoon, bringing with him this, which purports to be a cheque of the London and North Western Bank for 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on a memorandum form of G.D. Adkins—that was passed through my banking account and was returned dishonoured—I believed it was a genuine cheque—I should not have parted with my goods if I had not believed so—I received this letter from the prisoner. (
<hi rend="italic">This dated that, having had a cheque dishonoured that morning, he thought his bankers might delay about paying that which he had sent to him, but that should they do so, if he would send up to Adkins the first thing in the morning, Adkins would pay him.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> No one else was in the shop that I remember when, you were there—my son might have been in the shop—we have no jewellers working in the shop and no jeweller's lamp for repairing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">S.W. BEHREND</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This letter is the prisoner's writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-118" type="surname" value="BURCHETT"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-118" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST BURCHETT</persName> </hi>. I live at 287, Goldhawk Road, Shepherd's Bush, and am an assistant to my father at 69, Cheapside—on 23rd May I was there and received instructions from Mr. Ives, in consequence of which I took a diamond ring to Spartan Villa—I got there about two o'clock and saw the prisoner—he said "Where have you come from?"—I said "Mr. Burchett's"—he said "Oh, yes"—I gave him the ring—he gave me a cheque, which I brought away—I believed it to be genuine, and that was the reason I left the ring—I afterwards handed that cheque to Mr. Ives.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am sure I saw you in the room part of the time—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250031"/>
<p>think I gave the ring to you, it might have been to the servant—you opened the parcel in my presence—after handing you the ring I asked for a cheque—you told me you were going to give me a cheque when I gave you the ring—I cannot remember if you took the ring with you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-119" type="surname" value="HUTCHENS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-119" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HUTCHENS</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the London and North Western Bank, New Broad Street—some time prior to the beginning of May this year the prisoner had an account at our bank in his own name—I produce a copy of his account, which I have compared with the ledger—he opened the account with a payment in cash of 96
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on 17th March—by 15th April all that and more had been drawn out, and the credit balance stood at 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—on the 18th there was a payment in of 225
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>—by the 20th all that had been exhausted, and on 21st May the credit was 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—on 27th May the account was closed, the 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. being absorbed—in the course of his dealing with this account several cheques were presented, which there were no funds to meet and which were dishonoured—I first wrote him about that about the middle of May.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe Burnett's cheques for 204
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. were pre
<lb/>sented on the 19th early in the morning—it appears there was only 33
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at that time to your credit, but I could not speak of the exact time the cheques were presented—the next payment in was on 22nd April, 19
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—you had asked to represent them, as you had other cheques due—I cannot say if you might have got money to meet them—you wrote asking me to ask Burnett to re-present the cheque—we paid the 104
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque—I do not recollect the day Burchett's cheque—was presented, we received it before the count was closed—we received the cheque made payable to Mr. Frank on the 23rd—I know of no cheques drawn after the account was closed—the sum total paid into our bank since the account was opened on March 17th is 1,476
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know of no banking account carried on by Adams, Eck, and Co., with Messrs. Barker and Co., of Mark Lane—I do not remember receiving any cheques on Barker through your account—I received payments in notes and gold on several occasions—I have never received any drafts on Belgrade.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I received this pencil memorandum from the prisoner on 18th April, directing us to pay the 104
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque and not the other.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-120" type="surname" value="EPIPHANOFF"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-120" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>NICHOLAS EPIPHANOFF</persName> </hi>. I was a clerk to Mr. Bundy at Baltic Chambers—I received my first month's salary on 21st May, it being due on 21st April—I saw all letters signed by the prisoner as Adams, Eck, and Co.—from his signature and from what he said I understood him to be a partner in the firm of Adams, Eck, and Co.—this is the cheque the prisoner gave me on 20th May for my salary—I presented that at the bank 10 or 15 times; it was always marked "Refer to drawer" or "Not sufficient"—I applied after that to the prisoner at his private house—he promised to pay us next day, and the promise was not fulfilled—on 24th and 25th May I received letters from him, and after that when he was arrested I received a letter from his solicitor, Mr. Musgrave, saying the prisoner had had no connection with the firm—that letter was found by the man in possession in the office and given to me—I have never been paid for the last month—I was paid for the first two months.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went with you to Paris—I thought you were a partner, because I saw your letters signed "Adams, Eck, and Co.," and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250032"/>
<p>I never saw Adams or Eck—I was foreign correspondent, and I used to post the books—there was nothing to impress me with the fact that Adams, Eck, and Co. were doing anything in the nature of a fraud until the end of two months—at the end of the month, before you were arrested, men were in possession of your office—I do not know that you paid away considerable sums on account of Adams, Eck, and Co.—all the business was transacted in your private room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-121" type="surname" value="FLOWERS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-121" type="given" value="ALFRED WINTER"/>ALFRED WINTER FLOWERS</persName> </hi>. I live at 9, Clarence Road, Hackney, and am managing clerk to Mr. Musgrave, a solicitor—I took instructions from the prisoner to write these two letters on 31st May, and wrote and sent those letters with others. (
<hi rend="italic">One of them stated that Mr. Musgrave was instructed to give notice that Mr. Bundy had no connection with the firm of Adams, Eck, and Co.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You told me in April, 1887, how you had been held responsible for the debts of Adams, Eck, and Co., and I defended an action for you against Wiggins on those grounds—I am not aware that the amount was paid.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-122" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-122" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MITCHELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). On 31st May I took the prisoner into custody in Bishopsgate Street—I had been keeping him under observation for some days—I told him there was a warrant for his apprehension—I went to his office, and read it to him—he said, "I deny any fraud has been committed; I am only a clerk in Adams and Eck's employ, and am under age"—I took him to the station—I found books and letters at his office, and on him some memoranda and 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You had not absconded, I arrested you outside 108, Bishopsgate Street—I took away the papers from your office, among them was a lot of correspondence of various business kinds—there were bills of exchange which did not seem to have been negotiated, invoices of people who supplied goods to the firm, and a number of applications to you for money—everything I took possession of is in the Court now.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that he was agent for Adams, Eck, and</hi> Co.,
<hi rend="italic">that he believed they had money owing to them, and that he had paid much money for them personally; and he denied that he had made use of any false pretences.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-123" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MITCHELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Among the papers I found a number of claims made on the firm of Adams, Eck, and Co., which have not been satisfied; there were six summonses in the Mayor's Court—these books were among those at 108, Bishopsgate Street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-782-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-782-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-782-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-782-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-782-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-782-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-782-18870725 t18870725-782-punishment-22"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-783">
<interp inst="t18870725-783" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-783" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-783-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-783-18870725 t18870725-783-offence-1 t18870725-783-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-783-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-783-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-783-18870725" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-783-18870725" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-783-18870725" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED EDWARDS</hi> (20)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-783-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-783-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-783-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18870725-783-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-783-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-783-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering an order for the payment of 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. with intent to defraud;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing a cash-box and 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the goods and money of
<persName id="t18870725-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-125" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-125" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-783-offence-1 t18870725-name-125"/>Alfred Baker</persName>, his master.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-783-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-783-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-783-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-783-18870725 t18870725-783-punishment-23"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-785">
<interp inst="t18870725-785" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-785" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-785-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-785-18870725 t18870725-785-offence-1 t18870725-785-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-785-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-785-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-785-18870725" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-785-18870725" type="surname" value="MINSHULL"/>
<interp inst="def1-785-18870725" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MINSHULL</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-785-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-785-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-785-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18870725-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-127" type="age" value="8"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-127" type="surname" value="IRONS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-127" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-785-offence-1 t18870725-name-127"/>Alice Irons</persName>, aged eight years.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-128" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-128" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>MR. CHARLES MATHEWS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TORR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-785-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-785-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-785-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250033"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1887.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Stephen.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-785a">
<interp inst="t18870725-785a" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-785a" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-785a-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-785a-18870725 t18870725-785a-offence-1 t18870725-785a-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-785a-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-785a-18870725 t18870725-785a-offence-2 t18870725-785a-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-785a-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-785a-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-785a-18870725" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-785a-18870725" type="surname" value="SAWYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-785a-18870725" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-785a-18870725" type="occupation" value="joiner"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SAWYER</hi> (40)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18870725-785a-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-785a-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-785a-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18870725-name-130" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-130" type="surname" value="SAWYER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-130" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-785a-offence-1 t18870725-name-130"/>Annie Sawyer</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-131" type="surname" value="JOYCE"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-131" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN JOYCE</persName> </hi>. I live at 49, Tower Street—the prisoner and his wife lived in the top room at No. 51—I knew the prisoner by sight, his wife I knew intimately—he was a joiner, and was employed at Chingford; he used to come home on Saturdays—my room was on the same floor as his, only 49 is a new and higher house than 51, which is an old house—I could not exactly hear what was going on in their room—on the night of 4th June I was in my girl's room, next to the bedroom—I heard Mrs. Sawyer say something through the window—the first I did not hear, but I heard her Bay, "I will shut the door"—the prisoner was in the street immediately under my window; he said, "We will see," and he walked up the stairs—I could hear the sound of his feet going up—he went into the room, and I could hear the door shutting—I then left my room and went into the front room—the next thing I heard was a loud, long, pierc
<lb/>ing scream—that would be within five minutes after hearing him go up
<lb/>stairs—I ran to my wash-house window and looked out—before I looked out I heard a thud and the window shut—then I looked out and saw a dark figure in the street as it lay—I then heard a step on the stairs, and the prisoner came out at the door and stooped over her—he said some
<lb/>thing to her I did not hear—he took hold of her by the arm and said, "Pull yourself together, you are mad! what made you do it?"—Mrs. Walker ran out of the house immediately, and Mrs. Regulars—I then went and put my hand on her forehead, and said, "Poor Mrs. Sawyer, how did it happen?" and she said, "I jumped through the window, Mrs. Joyce"—the prisoner was by at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had never been in their room—the window was open all the evening; she spoke through the open window—I don't think the prisoner knew I was there when he said "Pull yourself together"—there was no one else there that I could see.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-132" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-132" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED HUMPHREYS</persName> </hi>. I am a confectioner, and live at 49, Tower Street about a quarter, to half-past 12 in the early morning of 5th June I was outside 47—I heard a slight rattle of glass, the shaking of the window frame, then a slight rattle of glass, the shaking of the said "Oh, don't," then a prolonged scream and a thud on the pavement—just before hearing the thud I saw something light pass before my eyes—I have a wooden leg; I did not go up to the woman—I did not see the prisoner then—I heard somebody coming down the stairs—the deceased was lying in front of the door, and the prisoner came out and stooped over her—Mrs. Walker, Mrs. Regulus, and Mrs. Joyce came up, and I went away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I could not identify the prisoner as the man that came up; it was so dark—he said "What have you done? You must have been a fool to jump out of the window."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-133" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-133" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-133" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET WALKER</persName> </hi>. I live at 49, Tower Street—between a quarter and half-past 12 in the early morning of the 5th my attention was attracted by a loud scream and a thud on the pavement—I went down to the woman; I got within about half a dozen yards of her—her prisoner said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250034"/>
<p>"Mrs. Walker, come and give me a hand here?"—I went and stooped down and said "Oh, Mrs. Sawyer, how did you come here?"—she said "Oh, Mrs. Walker, he has thrown me from the window"—I looked at him and said "Whatever have you done? you are mad"—I called Mrs. Regulus and said "She has just told me that he has thrown her from the window"—the prisoner could hear what I said—I saw Mrs. Joyce come up during the time; Mrs. Regulus first, then Mrs. Winter, and then Mrs. Joyce—I know the room that the Sawyers occupied—I looked up at the window; it was shut; there was only one window to the room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It might be about five minutes before Mrs. Joyce and Mrs. Regulus came up; it might have been a minute or two—she told Mrs. Regulus, after she asked her once or twice, that she had jumped through the window—I don't know whether Mrs. Joyce was there—I can't remember seeing her there—I don't remember saying before the Magistrate "Mrs. Sawyer said to Ann Joyce and Mrs. Regulus 'I jumped through the window'"—I heard her say it to Mrs. Regulus—my husband is a constable; he is not at the same station as the sergeant—I was there when the sergeant came—I heard him ask the deceased how she came there—I had not seen the sergeant before I spoke to the deceased; he came up in about a quarter of an hour—I heard him say to the deceased, "Were you thrown out of the window?"—I did not hear her say "No, I suppose I must have jumped out"—she said "I suppose I must have walked out"—I think the prisoner and deceased had lived in the house about five years—I never heard any quarrelling.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-134" type="surname" value="WINTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-134" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN WINTER</persName> </hi>. I live at 51, Tower Street—I knew Mr. and Mrs. Sawyer; Mrs. Sawyer perfectly well—on Saturday, 4th June, I saw her the first thing in the morning—she came into my place—she appeared very much depressed in spirits, more so than I had ever known her—it was in reference to money matters—I saw her again between three and four in the afternoon—she was then very much depressed indeed—her husband had come home at that time—she told me he had only brought her 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I saw her again in the evening—after eight we went over the Broadway together—I think she seemed a little more cheerful than she had been during the day—I got home before 10—I next saw her about 12, at the gate; she spoke to me—she appeared quite sober—I believe she went upstairs I went indoors—about quarter of an hour after I heard a scream—my girl went out, she told me something, and I went out—Mrs. Walker and Mrs. Regulus and the prisoner were by her right side—I did not see Mrs. Joyce—I asked Mrs. Sawyer how she came there—she said "Oh, my back, Mrs. Winter, don't leave me"—I took her right hand and her husband went away from her side a step or two—the police sergeant came up; some one fetched him—he said "Mrs. Sawyer, how came you here? were you thrown out?"—she replied "No"—"Did you jump out?"—"No"—"Then how came you here?"—she said "I suppose I must have walked out."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Richard Sawyer is the prisoner's stepson—he was examined at the inquest—I know that the prisoner had been out of work all the week—she told me so—she said she was so put out about money that she did not know what the end would be—that was several hours before her husband came—she seemed more out of spirits than I ever knew her—she was a cheerful, quiet woman—I never knew her quarrel with any one.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250035"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-135" type="surname" value="REGULUS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-135" type="given" value="ROSE"/>ROSE REGULUS</persName> </hi>. I live at 51, Tower Street—I knew Mrs. Sawyer very well, but never had much conversation with her—I saw her on Saturday after
<lb/>noon, 4th June, in Mrs. Winter's—she appeared very much upset—I did not see her any more that day, only as she came past my window when she had been marketing with Mrs. Winter; that was a few minutes before 10—I went out about 20 minutes past 12—shortly after I returned I heard a scream—I opened my window to see what was the matter, and I saw Mrs. Sawyer lying down flat on the ground, and Mrs. Walker standing by her side and the prisoner on the other side—Mrs. Walker said "Come down and help me"—I went down and I asked Mrs. Sawyer how she had come out of the window—she said she had jumped from the window—Mrs. Walker said "She has told me he threw her"—I saw the police sergeant come up, but he was not there then—the deceased made no other answers, but complained very much of her back—the prisoner did not go away, but he went a little way from us—the deceased told him to go away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She was then lying on the ground, and four or five people were standing round her—she was in great pain, complaining of her back—the prisoner was standing by her feet—he did not move away more than three yards—he went and fetched a cab—I never knew her to have an illness—she was a stout-built woman—I don't know about her strength—I have never been in their room—she used to suffer very much from rheumatism—I never knew them quarrel.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-136" type="surname" value="DRAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-136" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL DRAKE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant J</hi> 31). About one o'clock in the morn
<lb/>ing of the 5th I was sent for to Tower Buildings—I saw eight or 10 persons there; Mrs. Sawyer was lying on the ground, being held up by a man and woman—I asked her how she came there—she gave me no answer—I pressed her to tell me; I said "Did you fall from the window?" making no answer, I said "Were you thrown from the window?"—she made no answer to that—her husband then came up—I asked him if he could account for his wife being in that position—he turned round and said "Ask her yourself; she knows all about it"—I then said "Have you been for a doctor?"—he said "Yes, but I can't get him to come"—a constable then came up—I sent him to Dr. Akin, of Mare Street, Hackney, who attended and advised her removal to the German Hospital—the prisoner accompanied her there—he was present when the doctor saw her—I could not say that he heard what was said; he was six or seven yards away from where the doctor and the women were—while I sent the constable for the ambulance a mattress was brought out—we took her to the hospital as comfortably as possible—when I first went up the prisoner was not there, and he did not say anything to him in my hearing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not told a different story before the Magistrate—I said before the Magistrate "I asked her several times how she came to be in that position"—she said "Let me alone, oh my back!" that is correct; I afterwards asked her if she fell or was thrown out, and she said "I came from the window"—she did not say she had jumped out—Joseph Tomkins called me on the scene, he lives near.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-137" type="surname" value="KELLER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-137" type="given" value="OTTO"/>OTTO KELLER</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon at the German Hospital—about three in the morning of the 5th of June I was called up and saw the deceased, and admitted her to the hospital—I examined her—she was suffering from an injury to the spine, she was quite conscious—she was in a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250036"/>
<p>serious condition—I entertained hope at that time; I do not quite remember whether I examined her head—I next saw her a little after 10 in the morning—she then made a statement to me—I had very slight hope of her recovery at that time; she did not say anything one way or the other as to any hope of recovery, she died about seven the same evening—the cause of death was fracture of the spine and the lower part of the back, and compression of the spinal cord; I saw some contusions about the head, no doubt the cause of death was the broken back—the injuries were consistent with a fall from the window.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was only one wound on the head, that was very likely from the fall—it was at three in the afternoon that I spoke to the prisoner; he then seemed to be very sorry for his wife.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I told him his wife was likely to die—I asked him how it happened; that was in the morning when she was admitted—he said "Ask her, you had better ask her, she knows it"—I asked him twice or three times, he would not tell me, and then I asked the woman in his presence and she would not tell.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-138" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-138" type="given" value="FREDERICK CROFT"/>REV. FREDERICK CROFT COX</persName> </hi>. I am incumbent of St. Philip's, Dalston—I was sent for on Sunday morning to the German Hospital, I got there about 10 and saw the deceased—she said she had no hope whatever of recovery, she said she was half dead then, and had but three or four hours to live—she made a statement to me—I dissuaded her from thinking the case hopeless, as I thought the doctor then would have no chance; I thought that the best advice I could give her; I don't think it altered her mind in the least—I am absolutely certain that she knew she was about to die—I saw her again about half-past four in the after
<lb/>noon—she was hardly able to speak then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-139" type="surname" value="KELLER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-139" type="given" value="OTTO"/>OTTO KELLER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I said before the Coroner "She was not aware she was dying when she made the statement to me, she had hope of recovery," that was the general impression I had while speaking to her, not from anything she said—she never said anything to lead me to believe that she had hopes of recovery, but my impression was that she had hopes of recovery—I had not told her that she was in a very serious state, the manner in which she spoke led me to believe that she did not know she. was dying.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-140" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-140" type="given" value="FREDERICK CROFT"/>REV. FREDERICK CROFT COX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). When I saw her at 10 a.m. I asked her what brought her into that condition—I had known her very well as a regular attendant at my church for nearly four years—her reply was that she jumped out at the window to escape either the ill-treatment, or the violence, of her husband—she could not say much at a time—the next time I saw her a patient in the next bed made a Suggestion to me, and I pressed her as to whether she had told me the whole truth; I said "Have you made the same statement to me as you have to the police?" she made no answer to that, but she proceeded to speak as to her physical con
<lb/>dition, which was very bad indeed at that time; she complained of the most intolerable thirst—then I told her that it would be unjust to herself and her husband if she went out of the world with a double statement on her lips—she said she wished to leave no trouble behind her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I would not swear whether the word, she used was "ill-treatment" or "violence," or whether it was "threatened violence"—I understood her to say that she jumped from the window to escape from violence that was coming, threats of violence—I could not speak to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250037"/>
<p>the exact words—it was at a quarter to four in the afternoon when I next saw her, and it was after the patient in the next bed said something to me that I said she should not leave the world with a double statement on her lips—she heard what the patient said; she said she had not told me exactly what she told the police constable, she did not go into details—the nurse did not tell me anything—at that time the deceased was perfectly conscious—I was there till five o'clock, another clergyman went afterwards—her words were not "I wish to leave all trouble behind me;" that was not the inference I drew from her words—she did not alter her statement in the least—she was a very religious woman, not an excitable one—I never saw anything of religious excitement about her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-141" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-141" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE EDWARDS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant J</hi>). I saw this woman in the hospital ward in bed about 11 a.m. on 5th June—I was in company with police inspector in uniform—I said "How did this happen?"—she said "I had complained to my husband about his wasting his money in drink and not coming home until late hours at night; he came into the room, shut the door, and said he would pay me; I was afraid he would strike me; I jumped out of the window; I freely forgive him as I hope God to forgive me"—that statement was made in the hearing of the patient in the next bed—I then went to the prisoner's house, where I saw him—I said "I have just seen your wife at the hospital; she has told me that you threatened to pay her last night; you went into the room and shut the door, and she was afraid you would strike her, and she jumped out of the window; I have to make some inquiries into this case; can you give me any particulars about it?"—I took down his answer shortly afterwards—he said "All I know, as soon as I opened the door she went out of the window; I heard her scream, and I ran down at once; the room was in darkness; I thought my son was in bed, but he had not arrived home; I never laid my hand upon her"—I said "She says herself you did not strike her"—he said "She has been very funny lately; she has been suffering from religious mania."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not examined at the Coroner's inquest, nor was I present—Bond, the inspector, was present—I was prepared to give evidence, I was not there—Richard Sawyer has lived with the prisoner as stepson for three or four years: I do not know it from my own knowledge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-142" type="surname" value="BOND"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-142" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BOND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector J</hi>). I went to the prisoner's room and took the measurements of the window—from the floor to the window
<lb/>sill was 2 feet; from the window to the ground outside was 17 1/2 feet—I took the prisoner into custody upon the Coroner's warrant on 14th June—I told him the charge; he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He had already been committed on the Coroners warrant—Richard Sawyer, the stepson, was examined before the Coroner in thy hearing—he is the only witness who has not been examined to-day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-143" type="surname" value="REGULUS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-143" type="given" value="ROSE"/>ROSE REGULUS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>) Richard Sawyer, the stepson, was there when the woman was taken to the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-144" type="surname" value="SAWYER"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-144" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD SAWYER</persName> </hi>. My name is Abraham, but I have taken the name of Sawyer—I am a son of the deceased, and the prisoner is my step
<lb/>father—I am 26 years old, and I lived with the prisoner and the deceased ever since they were married in 1872 or 1873—I did not see her fall from</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250038"/>
<p>the window, but I came up when she was taken to the hospital—when I came up she was being supported on Mr. Winter's knee; I relieved him, and supported her on my knee—I said "Mother, how did this happen?"—she said "Oh, my back! oh, my back! I am exhausted; my back is broke"—I said "How did you come here?"—she said "I jumped from the window"—I asked her what she done it for—she said "I don't know"—the prisoner and I took her to the hospital—my mother has threatened to commit suicide on several occasions, five or six times—about three months before she jumped out of window she went to the drawer to get a razor; she said she wished to be in heaven, she wished to be with her Maker—she got the case; I took it from her—she said she would throw herself from the window because she wished to be with her Maker; that was the kitchen window—she was very constant in her attendance at church—the prisoner has not been in constant work all this year—when he had constant work he would allow my mother money—he has had none lately—the week when this happened was a very bad one; he had not many hours' work because it was holiday week—he was paid so much per hour—my mother said she could not serve two masters.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave evidence before the Coroner—my mother told me she had jumped out of window, but did not tell me why—I believed what she told me, that she had no reason for doing it—I went to the hospital with her because she was my mother; I did not go because I thought what she said was doubtful—I did not say before the Coroner "I thought it looked very doubtful," I can swear it; I never used those words "I thought it looked very doubtful"—when I came home that day, Saturday, 4th June, I saw my father at the public-house drinking—my father does drink sometimes; he does not have a drop too much—there have never to my knowledge been quarrels between my stepfather and mother about his drinking too much, nor about his stopping out too late; if there had been quarrels I should have known something about it—I am not aware that my mother said when dying, that it was on account of his staying out late—before I gave evidence before the Coroner I had only told Mr. Winter about my mother threatening to commit suicide; I told him about three months before my mother died—nobody else has heard it unless my father has—my mother threatened it so often I did not think anything of it, she said it so often—she has threatened to drown herself on several occasions because she wished to be in heaven—my only reason for not mentioning it was that it might have caused a disturbance.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> My mother told me on that day she had been left 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; she said she could not make both ends meet—on one occasion she said, through my being out of work so long, "I don't know what to do, I must have money from somewhere, I don't know how to go on like this, I must put an end to it"—I had been out of work then for some months—I had tried to get work.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>. I did not come home from the hospital till about 4.30 a.m., and I did not then look at the window.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that this evidence did not establish a case of manslaughter; as far as the evidence went the deceased might have jumped out at the window because she was afraid the prisoner would strike her, and not because of any actual violence on his part.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">said he contended</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250039"/>
<hi rend="italic">that the evidence was for the Jury whether the prisoner had actually thrown the deceased out, and if not whether he had used such violence to her as to cause her to throw herself out; in either case it would amount to manslaughter.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE STEPHEN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">after referring to the cases of Reg.</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Wager Reg.</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Pitts</hi>, 1
<hi rend="italic">Carrington and Marshman, p.</hi> 284,
<hi rend="italic">and Reg.</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Evans, and Reg. v. Hickman, left the case to the Jury, if, in their opinion, by actual violence, or threats of violence on the part of the prisoner, the deceased was forced, as her only means of escape, to jump from the window; in that case it would be manslaughter; but if she did the act constrained by fear or despair operating upon her mind, that would not be sufficient, and they should acquit him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-785a-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-785a-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-785a-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<rs id="t18870725-785a-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-785a-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-785a-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>
<hi rend="italic">There was an indictment against the prisoner on the same facts for an assault on the same person</hi> </rs>,
<rs id="t18870725-785a-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-785a-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-785a-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>
<hi rend="italic">upon which no evidence was offered.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-786">
<interp inst="t18870725-786" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-786" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-786-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-786-18870725 t18870725-786-offence-1 t18870725-786-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-786-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-786-18870725 t18870725-786-offence-2 t18870725-786-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-786-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-786-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-786-18870725" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-786-18870725" type="surname" value="COLLIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-786-18870725" type="given" value="TOM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TOM COLLIS</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-786-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-786-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-786-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t18870725-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-146" type="surname" value="BURNSIDE"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-146" type="given" value="ROSE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-786-offence-1 t18870725-name-146"/>Rose Burnside</persName>, and occasioning her actual bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LYNE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-147" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-147" type="surname" value="BURNSIDE"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-147" type="given" value="ROSE"/>ROSE BURNSIDE</persName> </hi>. I have lived with the prisoner for the last five years—he was at work at Pinner—on the afternoon of the 3rd of July we were at the Ballot Box beerhouse, and then at the Black Horse, Green
<lb/>ford Green—we then went on board a boat, and then back to the Black Horse—in crossing Greenford Bridge we had some words—he asked me to go with him to Pinner—I said I should not be allowed on the farm where he was at work—he said I should, and said "Are you coming?"—I said "No"—he said a second time "Are you coming?"—I said "No"—he said "Then over the bridge you will go"—I said "You do it," and he caught me by the legs and threw me over—I have not been well since—we had both had plenty to drink, but we knew what we were doing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-148" type="surname" value="HUSON"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-148" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HUSON</persName> </hi>. I am a pensioner, and live at Greenford Green—on the 3rd July, between 7 and 8 o'clock, I was on the bridge which goes over the Grand Junction Canal—the prisoner and prosecutrix came out of the public-house, and went to lean on the bridge; they had some quarrelsome words, and he said "I will throw you in the
<hi rend="italic">cut"</hi>—she said "Do it then," and he caught hold of her legs and threw her over head first, a drop of 15 feet; there was a small rowing boat on the other side of the bridge, and the man who was in it pulled up and got hold of her hand, and said "Some of you men come and give her a hand out"—by that time the prisoner had got in the water up to his waist, and I and another man went and pulled her out and put her on the bank—the prisoner used a little abusive language, I don't know why—the water is 7 or 8 feet deep under the bridge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> He did not touch her at all—I fetched her out myself and took her up the bank.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-149" type="surname" value="EARL"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-149" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EARL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 185). I was called to the bridge, and saw the prisoner and prosecutrix—I asked her if she would give the prisoner in charge—she said "Yes"—I told him he would have to go to the station—he went quietly for about half a mile; then he pulled this belt off and said he would go no farther, and struck me with the buckle end once on the hand and once on the back—another constable came, and we took him to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> He and five or six others got me down in the road</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250040"/>
<p>and dragged me along the road, and he wanted to give me the
<hi rend="italic">frog's march</hi>; the woman is a bad
<hi rend="italic">lot</hi> and always drunk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-786-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-786-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-786-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-786-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-786-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-786-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-786-18870725 t18870725-786-punishment-24"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<rs id="t18870725-786-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-786-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-786-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner for attempting to murder the same person</hi> </rs>,
<rs id="t18870725-786-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-786-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-786-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>
<hi rend="italic">upon which no evidence was offered.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1887.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-787">
<interp inst="t18870725-787" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-787" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-787-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-787-18870725 t18870725-787-offence-1 t18870725-787-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-787-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-787-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-787-18870725" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-787-18870725" type="surname" value="GARDES"/>
<interp inst="def1-787-18870725" type="given" value="ALFRED BENJAMIN GERARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED BENJAMIN GERARD GARDES</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-787-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-787-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-787-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering a receipt for the payment of 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud. (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 254.)</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ABINGER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-151" type="surname" value="CHAZELLE"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-151" type="given" value="ALBERT FERDINAND, COMTE DE"/>ALBERT FERDINAND, COMTE DE CHAZELLE</persName> </hi>. I live at 45, Bedford Gardens, W., and am managing director of the Turf A B C Company, Limited, which was duly incorporated in January last—I put 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. into the concern, and afterwards bought 15 shares, making altogether 2,200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and my friends and relatives put in 5,200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the prisoner never put in a penny—he was appointed manager of the technical part of the business—the office was at 149, Fleet Street—I gave him cheques weekly to pay the tradesmen's accounts—his salary was 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a month—he has received the whole of it, and he also anticipated his salary to the extent of 32
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., so that there is not a penny due to him—this paper is in his writing; it is all in French except the signature—it is "Received from Mr. Gardes, manager, 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for purchase of tubes for lift, speaking tubes and furniture, London, 8th April, 1887. Received H. Cox."—I looked at this book (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) every week—it was shown to me with this entry in it: "Bill—Cox, speaking tubes, 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.," and that satisfied me that the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. had been paid to Cox—after the prisoner was in custody on other matters I asked the clerk to bring me all the papers, and among them I found the receipts which have been produced—I never could obtain receipts from the prisoner, he seemed to think it very strange that I should not trust him—I have not been able to find any receipt from Cox in English—this letter of the 15th May, 1887, is in the prisoner's writing; it is in French.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have an estate in Burgundy—this is the badge of the
<hi rend="italic">Legion d' Honour</hi> in my coat—I am a partner in a firm at Bordeaux—I came here last summer on business—the prisoner was introduced to me by the servant of one of my friends, and he told me had a scheme—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">A pamphlet</hi>)—he asked me to find money to carry it out; to make a company and I found it all three months afterwards, and the company was formed—the prisoner was the vendor and I was the purchaser—I gave him 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a month for it—this is the contract. (
<hi rend="italic">Between the prisoner and the Turf A B C Company, by which the prisoner engaged himself to the Company for two years at a salary of</hi> 600
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">a year for two years, and one fully paid-up share in the Company for every preferred share issued by them</hi>)—52 preferred shares of 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each were issued, representing 5,200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the deferred shares only had value when the preferred shares were paid—I put in 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of my own money, and I bought 1,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from a gentleman—the Imperial Bank are the Company's bankers, and mine also—every
<lb/>thing is in my name; there never was any account opened for the Turf</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250041"/>
<p>A.B.C.; there is only one account, and that is in my name—I pay in the funds I receive on behalf of the Company in my name, and the prisoner knew that—he went to Mr. Owen and said "You think the Count has 1,200 shares, but he has only 500," and I then bought fifteen 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. shares of Mr. Owen, and paid him 1,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for them by giving him some bonds which he may realise to-morrow if he likes—I gave him a proxy on my income, and he was pleased with it—I did not buy the shares back in consequence of any threats—they were worth 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each, but they never were in the market—I get 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a month as managing director—the prisoner was in custody for embezzlement when the clerk found this forged receipt among his papers in his cupboard—he was acquitted—I also found 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., his petty cash, which I confiscated—he was charged with 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and I found 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in his private cupboard—on the day that he was arrested a committee was going to be held, but it was postponed, and he came to me and said in joke "If you don't put the accounts in a more regular manner and pay the accounts of the Company into another account, I shall denounce you"—he had threatened to murder me two or three times before, but he never threatened to expose my irregular practices.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I became acquainted with him he was in want—I was obliged to give him money the first three months to enable him to live—there is no pretence for saying that this is not a genuine Company to which I have subscribed a large sum—when I bought Mr. Owen's shares they were worth 115
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. per share—the 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was the balance of the prisoner's petty cash which he had in hand, and therefore the Company's property—he was in custody for large embezzlements, of money which he had to pay the workmen—there is not a particle of truth in the suggestion that this receipt was written by me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-152" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-152" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY COX</persName> </hi>. I am an electrician, of 13, Penton Place, King's Cross—in April last I did some work at the Turf Company's offices, 149, Fleet Street, for which I charged 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and had 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on account—the prisoner wrote out a receipt in English, and I signed it and gave it back to him—I am a foreigner and understand French, but this receipt is not my writing, or the one I gave him—I know nothing about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am in Mr. Carver's employ, of Fitzroy Square—I did not tell them that I did the work, because the prisoner told me not—I bought my own stuff and did the work at the prisoner's request—I did not ask for it—I did the whole of the work on Good Friday—I did not receive 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for it—I did not enter the amount in a book—I put my own address in English on the receipt—he could not spell some of the words and he asked me how to spell them—two gentlemen came to me from the Company, and said, "You did some work for the A B C Company, speaking tubes in the lift; how much did you give a receipt for?"I said, "3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. "—this "5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>." in the receipt looks as if it had been altered, but I swear the signature is not mine, it is the same writing as the other part—I do not owe the prisoner any grudge, he gave me the work as a kindness.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The signature is a very good imitation of mine—the date on the stamp is not my writing—I am sure my receipt was in English, because he asked me how to spell the words.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-153" type="surname" value="CROUCH"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-153" type="given" value="JESSE"/>JESSE CROUCH</persName> </hi>. On June 9th the Count gave the prisoner into my custody in the office—the prisoner spoke in French, which I did not under
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250042"/>
<p>asked him if he understood the charge—he said, "Yes," and that he wished to go before the Court at once, which he did and was charged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-787-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-787-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-787-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>,—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-787-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-787-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-787-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-787-18870725 t18870725-787-punishment-25"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-788">
<interp inst="t18870725-788" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-788" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-788-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-788-18870725 t18870725-788-offence-1 t18870725-788-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-788-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-788-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-788-18870725" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-788-18870725" type="surname" value="FRITSCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-788-18870725" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT FRITSCH</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-788-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-788-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-788-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="kidnapping"/>, Unlawfully taking
<persName id="t18870725-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-155" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-155" type="surname" value="MATTHEW"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-155" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-788-offence-1 t18870725-name-155"/>Emma Matthew</persName>, aged 16, out of her mother's custody, with intent, &c.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-788-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-788-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-788-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1887.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-789">
<interp inst="t18870725-789" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-789" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-789-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-789-18870725 t18870725-789-offence-1 t18870725-789-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-789-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-789-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-789-18870725" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-789-18870725" type="surname" value="O'BRIAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-789-18870725" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM O'BRIAN</hi> (17)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870725-789-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-789-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-789-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18870725-789-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-789-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-789-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>to robbery with violence, with a man unknown, on
<persName id="t18870725-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-157" type="surname" value="LE COMTE"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-157" type="given" value="ACHILLE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-789-offence-1 t18870725-name-157"/>Achille le Comte</persName>, and stealing from his person a watch and chain, after a conviction of felony in January, 1886.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870725-789-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-789-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-789-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-789-18870725 t18870725-789-punishment-26"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-790">
<interp inst="t18870725-790" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-790" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-790-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-790-18870725 t18870725-790-offence-1 t18870725-790-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-790-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-790-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-790-18870725" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-790-18870725" type="surname" value="LANG"/>
<interp inst="def1-790-18870725" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JAMES LANG</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-790-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-790-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-790-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to marrying
<persName id="t18870725-name-159" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-159" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-159" type="surname" value="PEGLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-159" type="given" value="FLORENCE EVELINA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-790-offence-1 t18870725-name-159"/>Florence Evelina Pegley</persName>, during the life of his wife</rs>.—
<rs id="t18870725-790-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-790-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-790-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-790-18870725 t18870725-790-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18870725-790-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-790-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-790-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-791">
<interp inst="t18870725-791" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-791" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-791-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-791-18870725 t18870725-791-offence-1 t18870725-791-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-791-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-791-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-791-18870725" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-791-18870725" type="surname" value="MALONE"/>
<interp inst="def1-791-18870725" type="given" value="TIMOTHY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TIMOTHY MALONE</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-791-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-791-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-791-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>* to stealing a purse and 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the goods and money of
<persName id="t18870725-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-161" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-161" type="surname" value="BARRATT"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-161" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-791-offence-1 t18870725-name-161"/>Alice Barratt</persName>, after a conviction of felony in March, 1886</rs>.—
<rs id="t18870725-791-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-791-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-791-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-791-18870725 t18870725-791-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> (
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner for an assault on the police.</hi>)
<rs id="t18870725-791-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-791-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-791-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870725-792">
<interp inst="t18870725-792" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870725"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-792" type="date" value="18870725"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870725-792-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-792-18870725 t18870725-792-offence-1 t18870725-792-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-792-18870725" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-792-18870725" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-792-18870725" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-792-18870725" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-792-18870725" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERBERT TAYLOR</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18870725-792-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870725-792-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-792-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t18870725-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-163" type="surname" value="RHODES"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-163" type="given" value="ROBERT RADNAL"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-163" type="occupation" value="solicitor"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870725-792-offence-1 t18870725-name-163"/>Robert Radnal Rhodes</persName> a diamond ring, and other goods from other persons, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WATTS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-164" type="surname" value="RHODES"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-164" type="given" value="ROBERT RADNAL"/>ROBERT RADNAL RHODES</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of Wolverhampton—I inserted this advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar, Exchange, and Mart</hi> on May 4th. (
<hi rend="italic">This offered a diamond ring for sale for</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.) I received this letter, with this card enclosed. (
<hi rend="italic">Requesting him to forward the ring on approval to the private address; and saying it would he returned if not suitable, and asking whether</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">was the lowest price that would he taken. The card was printed "Holcombe and Banks, Solicitors</hi>, 15,
<hi rend="italic">Great James Street, Bedford Row, W.C.," lithographed over that, "John Lewis Banks," and in blue pencil, "Private address</hi> 33,
<hi rend="italic">Berwick Street, S.W."</hi>) On receipt of that letter I put the diamond ring in wool and paper in a box, addressed it to John Lewis Banks, 33, Berwick Street, registered and sent it by post, and received this receipt for the registration—I sent a letter of which this is a press copy. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated that the ring was sent therewith; that the price was</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">l., and that he should be glad of a reply by return.</hi>) Having no reply I sent another letter; that was returned through the Dead Letter Office—I telegraphed and wrote on the 10th May, and both telegram and letter were returned—I came to London, and a warrant was issued—I did not know the prisoner—I believed it was Mr. Banks, a solicitor, of that address, who was writing to me—I have not seen the ring since.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have received a letter purporting to come from Herbert Taylor since he has been in Holloway Gaol—I have not com
<lb/>pared it with the writing from Mr. Banks.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-165" type="surname" value="HENN"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-165" type="given" value="JOHN WESLEY"/>JOHN WESLEY HENN</persName> </hi>. I am a jeweller, of 62, High Street, Crad
<lb/>leigh Heath, Staffordshire—I advertised in the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar, Exchange and Mart</hi>, a "lady's silver Geneva watch, English hall-marked, lovely engraved case, 35
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., part exchange poultry"—I received this letter, purporting to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250043"/>
<p>come from John L. Banks (
<hi rend="italic">Asking him to send the watch on approval, and if not suitable it would be returned at once</hi>)—a card was enclosed in the letter, and believing the statement was true I at once sent off the watch by registered post, I got a receipt from the post-office—I received this post-card from 33, Berwick Street, S.W., acknowledging the receipt of the watch and saying he would keep it for a few days and then write—I received no money and no poultry—I saw a report in a newspaper of other cases, and having heard nothing further I came up and communi
<lb/>cated with the police—the watch was wrapped up merely in brown paper when I sent it—I know nothing of the prisoner—I believed the story sent to me that there was a Mr. Banks of that address a member of the firm—I was aware of a notice in the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar</hi> intimating that all trans
<lb/>actions should be through the office, but I showed the letter to a friend who had lived in the City, who told me it was all right, and I did not happen to purchase a copy of the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar</hi> containing that notice.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-166" type="surname" value="WHITWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-166" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY WHITWORTH</persName> </hi>. I am a designer, of 74, Devonshire Street, Windsor Green, Birmingham—I inserted this advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar</hi> on the 4th May (
<hi rend="italic">This referred to a diamond pin which cost</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and would be sold for</hi> 70
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.)—I received this answer (
<hi rend="italic">Requesting him to send the pin on approval, and undertaking to return it if not approved</hi>), a card similar to these others was enclosed—I packed up the diamond pin in a small wooden box with wool and tissue paper, registered it and received this receipt—I heard nothing more of the pin or money—I wrote three or four days afterwards and the letter was returned through the dead letter office—I then communicated with Mr. Banks, and the result was that I attended the police-court and gave evidence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-167" type="surname" value="BANES"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-167" type="given" value="JOHN LEWIS"/>JOHN LEWIS BANES</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm, of Holcombe and Banks, of 15, Great James Street, Bedford Bow, solicitors—my private address at this time was not 33, Berwick Street, but 32, Brunswick Square—I have lately removed—I have seen these letters purporting to be written by me from 33, Berwick Street; I know nothing of them, they were not written by me nor by my authority; I never saw them before I saw them at the police-court—this card with my name only, and no address is mine—these others with the name of the firm and private name and address written on I know nothing about—nobody sent me a diamond ring or pin or watch—I know nothing of the prisoner, I do not know why he should use my name.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-168" type="surname" value="MARGERUM"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-168" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>SARAH ANN MARGERUM</persName> </hi>. I keep the house 33, Berwick Street, and let lodgings—the prisoner came to me on 29th April; he gave the name of John Lewis Banks and said he worked for an auctioneer; he wrote a letter to say he would take my room at 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—he gave as a reference the name of Mr. Seymour—I made no inquiries; he came again and said Mr. Seymour was out of town; he paid 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. deposit towards the rent—after he had taken up his abode these registered packages and letters came—I signed all these receipts for them and gave them to the prisoner or put them outside his room if he was not up—on the day he left I found in his room a small wooden box containing wadding and tissue paper, and near the box was a wrapper with the address of Banks and the number of my house, that was one of the packages for which I had signed and which had come by post—he left on 11th May—he had given no notice, he said he was going to the laundress for his washing; he did not come back—he owed 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for rent and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for breakfast—he had no visitors,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188707250044"/>
<p>except one night someone came, I did not see him, I heard him speak to him, I do not know who it was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I could not say the small wooden box I found in the room was the one that came by post, but there was the address on the wrapper by the side of the box—I signed for all the letters.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have never seen the prisoner write, but he used to write on pieces of paper and put them outside his door if he wished me to call him—I cannot swear to his writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-169" type="surname" value="COUSINS"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-169" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COUSINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). On 8th June I saw the prisoner at Gerald Road Police-station, Pimlico—I read this warrant to him in the case of Mr. Rhodes, it was for forging Mr. Banks's name fraudulently to obtain a diamond ring—the prisoner said "Yes"—he was charged and taken to a cell, and in a few minutes he sent for me—I went to him and took down in writing what he said; it was: "I will tell you all about it now About four days before I came to Berwick Street I met two men in a public-house near Hungerford Bridge; they asked me if I was doing anything? I said 'No.' They asked me to meet them at the King Lud public-house, Ludgate Hill, that night at 9 o'clock; I met them; they asked me if I was willing to earn something; I said Yes; they asked me to meet them next night, which I did at the same place; they told me they were auctioneers, and all I should have to do was to take a room and they would give me a reference, which I did. They said several letters and parcels would come for them, and all I should have to do would be to take everything that arrived to them. I was to have 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at the end of each week. I then went to 33, Berwick Street and took a furnished room in the name of John Lewis Banks. I was to be sure and not open anything. When I was at Berwick street some letters did come I think six or seven parcels also. I never opened them, but I took them to the two men each day at Ludgate Hill Station. I never received a farthing from them. The last time I saw them they said it was getting very hot for me, and they said I had better get out of London alto
<lb/>gether"—that was all he said, he did not give the names nor any description of the two men—he said "I should know them again if I saw them"—I searched him and found 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and some keys—he gave his name Herbert Taylor, and said he was a clerk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was dressed as he is now—I cannot say he seemed in great poverty—he gave his address as at a common lodging-house, Belvidere Lambeth—the second time I inquired there they said he came there about the same time that he left Berwick Street—it was a lodging-house at 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a night—he did not give me the name of one of the men as Banks—he has never given me a written description of either of the men—he was detained at the station on this charge, and I was sent for—he gave me a description of where the lodging-house was—I received some money from him, which I have given up—I threw away the paper he gave me—I think it was simply the address of the lodging-house, and I did not want it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I saw him write the receipt for some things at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870725-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870725-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-170" type="surname" value="O'LEARY"/>
<interp inst="t18870725-name-170" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL O'LEARY</persName> </hi>. I am a lodging-house keeper, of 55, Belvidere Road, Lambeth—to the best of my belief the prisoner lodged at my house about two months ago for two or three weeks, or perhaps a month—he</p>
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<p>seemed pretty well off; he paid me 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a night regularly—I think he stayed at my house for a short time previously—he was away two or three weeks—casuals generally frequent my house—he did not seem at all better off when he came back—he paid his rent regularly—it was the latter part of May.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not enter names in a book—it is a registered lodging-house—I let rooms by the night—I have no doubt the prisoner is the man—I did not know his name; we never take names—I only saw the prisoner at night when he came to bed—one letter came for him, to the best of my belief, in the name of Taylor—he used to go out in the day; I did not know what he was doing—he went out between 10 and 11 in the morning, came back at night, paid 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and went to bed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He left behind him a stick and pin for his last night's lodging, which was not paid—I do not think I lent him 1
<hi rend="italic"