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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HANSON, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—Two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad character—the figures after the name in the indictment, denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1887.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p>219.
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<interp inst="def1-219-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-219-18870131" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-219-18870131" type="given" value="GODFREY CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GODFREY CHARLES GURNEY</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18870131-219-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-219-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-219-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> with
<persName id="t18870131-name-2">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-2" type="surname" value="MACNAMARA"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-2" type="given" value="HENRY"/>Henry Macnamara</persName> (not in custody) for conspiring to obtain by false pretences from
<persName id="t18870131-name-3" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-3" type="surname" value="LICHWITZ"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-3" type="given" value="LUDWIG"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-3" type="occupation" value="zinc manufacturer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-219-offence-1 t18870131-name-3"/>Ludwig Lichwitz</persName> 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRISPE</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MUIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-4" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-4" type="surname" value="LICHWITZ"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-4" type="given" value="LUDWIG"/>LUDWIG LICHWITZ</persName> </hi>. I am a zinc manufacturer, carrying on business at Tavistock Crescent, Westbourne Park—on 26th August the prisoner came to my place of business and brought these two letters, and showed them to me. (These purported to come from a Mr. Quick to a Mr. stanskey with reference to a loan of 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and had sold them for 380
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and would reference to a loan of 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and had come from Mr. Quick, a solicitor, and had bought some cigars for 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and had sold them for 380
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and if I could help him to get the money to get the warrants he would give me 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said the cigars were lying in the office of the East India Docks—I then asked him who had introduced him to me—he said "A friend of mine, Mr. Stanskey, a solicitor," and asked me if I could advance 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for half an hour—I said I knew a gentleman who would do it if it was legitimate—I knew the name of Stanskey—I did say that I would lend it—said "Go and see Stanskey, and under his advice I will do it if he says the warrants are good"—he went away and came back again, because Mr. Stanskey was not at home—I then said "I am going to the City, and if it is a legitimate transaction I will do it"—he said "It is quite legitimate; you can have your money back in half an hour"—said "Will you take a cheque?"—he said "No, I must have cash"—I said "If you don't keep me long I will take a cab and go to my bank and draw the money"—I went to the bank with him and drew the money out, and then went in the cab with the prisoner to cheapside—</p>
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<p>he got out, and said "I should like to go to my office to see if there are any letters there"—I waited below, and when he came down I said I wanted to go with him to 150, Finsbury Pavement, to Mr. Choppin, the man who had bought the cigars, but he said "No, it will look bad; he will see what profit I have made"—I then said "I will go with you to the solicitor who sent in the dock letters"—that is Mr. Quick—he was not at home, and then he said "We are near Fenchurch Street; we had better go to the docks," and we went to the East India Dock's cigar warehouse in Fenchurch Street—we went up in a lift to the tobacco stores, and saw the cigars in boxes, and a gentleman standing among them—the prisoner said "There is the official who holds the warrants"—I afterwards discovered his name was Macnamara—the prisoner went up to him and spoke to him, and after saying "Good morning," he took some papers out of his pocket, and said "Have you got these warrants in your pocket?" and called out several numbers, and Macnamara said "Yes"—we then went down to an office, where there were 40 or 50 clerks, to pay the money and get the warrants—there was an office where you transact the business, and Macnamara went into the office where the clerks were, and came out with pen and ink, and asked Gurney to endorse the warrants, and he did so—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are the warrants—I took them in my hand, and passed my money to Macnamara, who like snapped the money out of my hand—I said "You had better look at it"—as I was going away Gurney said "There are two warrants in those seven worth all the money"—I said "It makes no difference as I shall have the money back in half an hour; let us go to the purchaser now who bought these cigars"—each of these warrants purports to be for one case of Havannah cigars—we then went to Mr. Choppin's, but the clerk said he was not in—the prisoner said "He knew I was coming; has he left an open cheque?"—the clerk said "No, he has gone to lunch, and will be back at 3 o'clock"—I and the prisoner went there again at that time, but he was not there—the clerk showed me this telegram, "I am going to Colonial Exhibition; if Gurney calls ask him to call at 1 o'clock to-morrow, sharp"—I went there next day at 1 o'clock without the prisoner, and saw the clerk downstairs, who said he had sent a telegram to me—in consequence of something he said to me, I went to the docks and had two of these cases opened; one was Japanese cigars, all laid loose in the box, and the others old mouldy cigars of 1879—Stanskey went with me there, and I also had the warrants with me—I then went to Choppin's, he was not in, but the clerk handed me another telegram—I left a note there saying that I was going out of town, and also that all the warrants lay in my solicitor's hands if he liked to complete—I went abroad then, and returned in about a fortnight, but found the transaction had not been completed—I then went to Mr. Stanskey, who introduced me to a Mr. Noemark, and I went with him to 9, Union Court, where I had seen the prisoner go upstairs—Mac
<lb/>namara came downstairs, and Noemark said to me "Is that the man?"—I said "Yes, he is the one I gave the money to"—he had had his whiskers cut off, but I recognised him—Noemark then went with me to 62, Leadenhall Street, where I tried to get information about the cigars, but I did not succeed—I asked them to give me the address of Macnamara, but they would not—I went there again next day, but</p>
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<p>could not get any information—one of these warrants is for a case of cigars shipped by the Gem, from Yokohama, to be delivered to G. Gurney and it is endorsed "G. Gurney"—the prisoner said they were old Havannah cigars of the best brand—I believed that and also that he had sold them for 380
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I should not have parted with my money if I had not believed these representations.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not enter into the transaction on account of the value of the cigars, but to earn 10. commission—I did not say before the Magistrate that it was not the statement a. to the value that influenced me; I know nothing of the value of cigars—I had no conversation with the prisoner about cigars—I did not know that the cigars were in bond and that the duty had not been paid; I did not know that I had to pay the duty before the warrant were issue—I Can't say that the prisoner called out the numbers from this paper—Mac
<lb/>namara did not sign the receipt, he ran out with the money, the prisoner was signing the warrants when I gave it him—I have never advanced money on cigars before—I thought this was a legitimate transaction—Mr. Quick is a solicitor, and as I thought a respectable man—he is not here to-day—the prisoner did not tell me that macnamara was carrying on business in the City Road—I have never seen this invoice; I have seen no paper at all—Mr. Stanskey is a friend of mine—I did not say to the prisoner that I should want 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. he said that he should give 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to Quick, and 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to Stanskey, and 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to me out of the 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. profit—I did not ask him whether Choppin was all right—Mr. Stanakey has gone to the Cape—I have been in this country 26 years—I did not look at the contracts between the parties, I saw no paper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mr. Stanskey went abroad about three weeks after I arrived from the Continent, and before the commencement of these pro
<lb/>ceedings—he is in business in Kimberley—Macnamara has not signed anything.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-5" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-5" type="surname" value="RUBENSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-5" type="given" value="MORRIS SAMUEL"/>MORRIS SAMUEL RUBENSTEIN</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 20, Regent Street—I am solicitor to Mr. Lichwitz—on 28th August he lift with me seven warrants—on 2nd September the prisoner called at my office—I had previously recieved instruction from Mr. Lichwitz—the prisoner com
<lb/>menced by asking me if I had the warrants—I asked him why he asked that question—after a few words he said because he wished to go with me to the City to get the money—I said "Certainly I have them, and I went to my safe to get them—immediately I produced them he said "I don't think we will go to-day"—I then took off my hat, which I had put on to go with him—he said "Let us say to morrow at I o'clock"—said "Very well"—I did not go next day, I handed the warrants to Mr. Slesinger, who took up the matter for me—he brought back the warrants—on 6th September I received this telegram: "From Gurney, Barnet, to witness, 6th september., '86 Cannot do anything to-day"—I did Not see the prisoner again until he was arrested.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Choppin was summoned before the magistrate—there is a warrant out against him and Madcnamara—they have never been found—when the prisoner came to me he wanted to know if I had the warrants—I have no recollection of his saying he should require to have them produced when Choppin was ready to settle; I can't say he did not.</p>
<p>----
<hi rend="smallCaps">SLESINGER</hi>. I live at 6, Bailey Street, Tottenham Court Road, and am manufacturer of cigarettes—on 3rd September Mr.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310004"/>
<p>Rubenstein handed me the warrants produced—I went with them to 115, Finsbury Pavement, where I found that Choppin had an office—I there saw Choppin and Gurney—Gurney asked Choppin whether he was ready to take up the cigars—Choppin said, "No, not to-day; we missed the last mail, by which I could have shipped them, and I shall have to wait till the next ship goes in about a week's time"—I asked him to give me the name of the ship or the particular line of steamers, but he did not do so—I then left with Gurney and went downstairs—Gurney then said that he had had previous transactions with Choppin, and that he had always paid him cash—I said, "I wish he would do so this time, and pay me the money"—he showed me the contracts between himself and Choppin—I said, "I don't think they are worth anything, they are not worth the paper they are written on; it seems to me that the whole affair is a swindle"—I do not know what remark he made on that—I said, "The cigars are 1879 cigars, consequently they would not be worth the money that has been advanced upon them"—that was practically all that was said on that day—I went to Choppin's again on the following Wednesday; I then found he had gone, and there was a man in possession of the place—I did not see Gurney again till he was arrested—I subsequently went to the dock warehouse and saw the cigars referred to in the warrants—I saw five cases—I took the warrants with me—the cigars were in bad condition—I did not see the Japanese cigars.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The last five warrants I always thought referred to Havannah cigars—those I inspected were of bad quality—I know nothing about cigars—there are 100 boxes in a case—there is a separate contract for the Japanese cigars; they are two cases of 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a case; putting those and the Havannahs together, Choppin would have to pay 380
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he did not show me Macnamara's receipt for that amount, he only showed me the two contracts—I fancy I know Macnamara's handwriting, I will not be certain that this is his—I find on this invoice a description of the cigars sold to Choppin, I think that corresponds with Choppin's bought note—I never went to Macnamara's place of business—I did not hear Gurney say to Choppin, when at his place, "Are you prepared to take up the warrants and pay the 380
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.?"—he asked whether he was pre
<lb/>pared to take up the cigars, not mentioning any amount—Choppin said, "I can't do it today, the mail went out two days ago by which I intended to ship, but I shall be prepared to pay the money on Wednesday next"—I believe Gurney said something to this effect, "It is very unfortunate, I should never have had the money to take up the warrants if I had not relied upon your paying"—he did not ray he knew nothing about cigars himself; he said he had had several transactions with cigars.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I knew one Macnamara whose handwriting is similar to this; I know nothing of him or his history, I do not know whether he is the same person.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-6" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-6" type="surname" value="ELSOM"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-6" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ELSOM</persName> </hi>. I am ledger clerk at the East and West India Dock Warehouse in Fenchurch Street—I recollect the prosecutor coming to the office with two men—one of them came behind the counter where the clerks were; he was not an official.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We did not receive any instructions from Macnamara about these warrants, but we did from John Meyer and Co.—they are very respectable persons—it was by their direction that the warrants were made out in Gurney's name—the warehouse charges accrued from 1877—the</p>
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<p>numbers were correctly described and the name of the ship—Meyer and Co. were the dealers, not the importers—warrants are negotiable documents—we charged Meyer and Co. with the warehousing—it is very usual for persons to attend for the purpose of transferring—payment of dock duty is often made at the office—I did not see payment made to Macnamara—I did not see him sign the receipt, or see Gurney endorse the warrant—I saw Macnamara come and borrow a pen—payment may be made to the seller in the place—I should have no knowledge of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-7" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-7" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-7" type="given" value="ALFRED JOSEPH"/>ALFRED JOSEPH WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the East and West India Dock Company's service—I produce five original warrants.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-8" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-8" type="surname" value="HALES"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-8" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT HALES</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the National Bank, Bayswater branch—I cashed Mr. Lichwitz's cheque, and gave for it three Bank of England notes of 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each, Nos. 32259, 32260, and 32261, and one 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, No. 60281—these produced are the notes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The name of Macnamara is written on the back of one of the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, and "J. Meyer and Co." on one of the others—there is nothing on the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-9" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-9" type="surname" value="HOOKEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-9" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER HOOKEY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the City Bank—Meyer and Co., of Leadenhall Street, bank with us—these two Bank of England notes, 32260 and 32261, were paid in to their account on 26th August.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-10" type="surname" value="GASH"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-10" type="given" value="THOMAS COTTER"/>THOMAS COTTER GASH</persName> </hi>. I am an inspector of bank-notes at the Bank of England—I have produced the four notes referred to—one of them purports to have been changed by a Mr. Macnamara, 153, City Road—that was changed over the counter for gold on 26th August, 1886—the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note was received with three other notes, and this other 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, with two fives, was changed for silver on 27th August, 1886, by a person who gave the name of Henry Harrison, 49, Aldersgate Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-11" type="surname" value="RADCLIFF"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-11" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM RADCLIFF</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Henry Harrison, pawnbroker, of 49, Aldersgate Street—I reside on the premises—I know Gurney as a customer—he took out some goods on 26th August to the amount of about 39
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and he bought a gold Albert chain—we frequently change our notes at the Bank of England for silver or gold—I do not remember whether I received a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note on that day, I have no record—the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note produced was sent to the bank; it is endorsed by one of my assistants, I know the writing—notes are sent pinned together, with an endorsement on the top note—I could not tell that I received that 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note from the prisoner—I was present when the money was received from him; to the best of my belief he paid in gold.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There are hundreds of transactions at our establish
<lb/>ment in the course of a day—I have known the prisoner as a customer for some time—I distinctly remember seeing a quantity of gold in front of him—it was about midday on the 26th—I have no recollection of this particular 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-12" type="surname" value="NOEMARK"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-12" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL NOEMARK</persName> </hi>. I am a cigar dealer of 110, Shardelf Road, New Cross—I knew Macnamara—I went with Mr. Lichwitz to his address in Union Street, and saw him coming downstairs, and I pointed him out to Mr. Lichwitz—I did not know whether he had been in any trouble—I then went with Macnamara and Lichwitz to Mr. Meyers (
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">held that no conversation with Macnamara could be given in evidence until conspiracy between him and Gurney had been proved.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know Macnamara's writing—I heard he had a shop at 106, City Road.</p>
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<p>(
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ruled that evidence as to the value of the cigars would not be material.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-13" type="surname" value="LYTHAL"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-13" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL LYTHAL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). On 13th September a warrant was issued against the prisoner, who was arrested on 10th December at 86, Morton Road, Islington, where he was living—I read the warrant to him—he said "I did not have any of the money."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The name of Main appeared on the warrant—Choppin's name was not in it—I got the warrant against Choppin about 15th or 20th December—I did not see Macnamara after 13th September—I tried to do so—I was unable to find Gurney; I did not look for him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-14" type="surname" value="AUSTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-14" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES AUSTIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I tried to find Mr. Gurney off and on from September to the time he was arrested—on 4th December I went to 86, Morton Road, Islington, where I saw his wife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that there was no evidence of false pretences or conspiracy to go to the Jury. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">concurred, and directed a verdict of</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-219-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-219-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-219-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<p>220.
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY FLETCHER</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-220-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-220-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-220-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, Unlawfully writing and publishing a false and defamatory libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18870131-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-16" type="surname" value="FARRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-16" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-220-offence-1 t18870131-name-16"/>Frederick George Farrell</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18870131-220-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-220-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-220-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner had pleaded a justification, but during the evidence of the first witness he stated that he wished to withdraw his plea of justification, and to offer an apology.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<rs id="t18870131-220-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-220-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-220-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-220-18870131 t18870131-220-punishment-1"/>
<hi rend="italic">Discharged on his own recognisances in</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">l. to come up for judg
<lb/>ment when called on.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-221">
<interp inst="t18870131-221" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-221" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-221-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-221-18870131 t18870131-221-offence-1 t18870131-221-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-221-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-221-18870131 t18870131-221-offence-1 t18870131-221-verdict-1"/>
<p>221.
<persName id="def1-221-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-221-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18870131" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18870131" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18870131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LONG</hi> (30)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-221-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-221-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-221-18870131" type="age" value="71"/>
<interp inst="def2-221-18870131" type="surname" value="BUCKNER"/>
<interp inst="def2-221-18870131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BUCKNER</hi> (71)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-221-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-221-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-221-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a watch and chain, the goods of
<persName id="t18870131-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-19" type="surname" value="PETITEVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-19" type="given" value="FRANCOIS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-19" type="occupation" value="captain of the steamship"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-221-offence-1 t18870131-name-19"/>Francois Petiteville</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURGELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSES. KEITH FEITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Buckner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-20" type="surname" value="PETITEVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-20" type="given" value="FRANCOIS"/>FRANCOIS PETITEVILLE</persName> </hi>. I am captain of the steamship
<hi rend="italic">Obok</hi>, lying in the London Docks—at 9.30 a.m. on Friday, 21st January, I missed my watch and chain from my cabin—I had seen them safe at 11 p.m.—these are they—I know neither of the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-21" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-21" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CROSS</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Tarrant, pawnbroker, of Cable Street—on Friday, 21st January, Buckner brought me this watch and chain between 10 and 11 a.m.—I asked him whose it was—he said he had a French boarder in his house and another French gentleman had come to see him, and it belonged to him, and they wanted 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I lent him 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and took the watch and chain in pledge—in the evening Long came to redeem them—I asked him where he had got the ticket from—he said he had bought it—I asked him how much he had given for it—he said a sovereign—I knew Buckner before, and knew his boarding-house was in the next street—Buckner pledged in the name of James.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Some people pledge in names other than their own.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-22" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-22" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR HART</persName> </hi>. I keep the Telegraph beer-house, Stratford—on 21st January, between 2 and 3 o'clock, a man came in and showed me a pawn-ticket of Mr. Tarrant relating to a watch and chain—I had served that man in the bar before; he was not either of the prisoners—a few minutes afterwards Long came in; I was looking at the ticket—he said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310007"/>
<p>"That is all right; if you like I will go and get it out for you"—I gave him 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and he went and got the watch out with a young chap I sent with him—they brought the watch back—I had known Long before—on the Monday I gave Long the watch and chain again to pledge—he came back, and told me they would not lend him 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on it, and that they would not take it unless they saw me or had a letter from me—I went with him then to Withers, a pawnbroker's, and I and Long were there detained and taken to the station—we were afterwards released.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. I do not know Buckner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Long.</hi> I only knew the man who sold me the ticket by serving him in the bar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-23" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-23" type="given" value="ANGELO"/>ANGELO BUTCHER</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Withers, a pawnbroker—Long offered me this watch and chain in pledge on Monday morning, and having seen the watch mentioned in the police list I asked Long where he got it—he said he had fetched it for Mr. Hart, of the Telegraph, at New town—we told him we could not advance anything on it unless he fetched a note of hand from Mr. Hart, or Mr. Hart himself—he left; I sent to the station for a policeman—afterwards Long and Hart came—Long said Hart had bought the ticket and he had taken it out of pledge on the preceding Friday—a constable came and took Hart and Long to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Long.</hi> You did not say you pawned the watch on the Friday morning; you said you took it out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-24" type="surname" value="BRADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-24" type="given" value="HUGH"/>HUGH BRADFORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 357). I was called to Mr. Withers, a pawnbroker, where I saw Long and Hart—I asked Hart in Long's presence where he got the watch from—he said he bought the ticket for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I asked Long if he knew anything about it—he said all he knew about it was that he saw Hart buy the ticket—I took them to the station, and then made inquiries—in consequence of those I went to Buckner, and asked him if he had pawned the watch—he told me he had, and a man had given it to him to pawn—I asked him if he knew the man—he said he did not—I went back to the station—Long and Hart were discharged—in the evening I and White and Newman went to see Buckner—when he was charged at the station next morning he said he knew the man that gave him the watch by the name of Longey.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEITH FRITH</hi>. Buckner is a boarding-house keeper I have heard—he is 71 years old I heard—he was admitted to bail—he did not say he did not rightly know the name, it was something like Longey or Long—I did not know Long before—I had not seen him enter Buckner's house previously—he said he knew the man by the name of Longey.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Long.</hi> It was 10 or 11 a.m., at the station, when Buckner said your name was Long—two or three men and police officers were there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-25" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-25" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant H</hi>). From what the last witness told me I went to Buckner's on the Monday at 8 p.m.—I told him I was a police officer—he said "Yes, I know you are"—I said "I understand you pledged a watch last Friday morning at Tarrant's, the pawnbroker's, a gold watch"—he said "Yes, I did"—I said "Can you tell me where you got that watch from?"—he said, "No, I cannot; oh! I got it from man who came to see me on Friday morning; he asked me to pledge it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310008"/>
<p>for him; I did, and gave him the money"—I said "Can you tell me who this man is?"—he said, "No I cannot; I do not know any more about it"—I said "What explanation do you give of the pledging the watch in a false name?"—he said "I cannot say"—I said "Well, you don't satisfy me with the answers you have given me, I must take you to the station, where you will be charged with receiving it knowing it to be stolen"—he was taken to the station—the prosecutor came there and identified the watch, and then the prisoner made a further statement—when put into the dock to be charged he said "I got the watch from a man named Longey; he is a river-side labourer or a waterman."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FAITH</hi>. He spoke in English; he can speak English as well as I can—I had not the slightest difficulty in under
<lb/>standing him—he is 71 years old, and was admitted to bail by the Magistrate in two sureties of 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-26" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-26" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH NEWMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant H</hi>). On the 21st I went with White on board the steam ship
<hi rend="italic">Obok</hi>—from what I heard Buckner was arrested and charged—I afterwards went to Nightingale Lane with Klein, Buck
<lb/>ner's brother-in-law, while White and Bradford went down the Tower side of St. Katherine's Docks in order to scour the neighbourhood—Klein made a sign to me and I saw Long—as soon as he saw me 10 or 12 paces behind Klein he moved off as fast as he could—I ran after and caught him; I put my two arms round his neck—he looked over his shoulder and said "What is this for, Mr. White?"—I said "I am going to take you into custody for stealing a gold watch and chain, some foreign money, and a quantity of pearls from a Spanish steamboat, lying in the London Docks, late last Thursday night or early on Friday morning; I mean the watch and chain that you gave to old Buckner to pledge"—Long said "I know nothing about it"—I said "I am told you do"—I took him to the station, where Buckner was brought out of the cell and confronted with Long—Buckner said "That is the man" (pointing to Long) "that gave me the watch and told me to pledge it and ask 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for it, which I aid, and gave him the money and the ticket"—I wrote that statement down and read it to Long, who said "Thank you"—they were then charged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Long.</hi> At 10.30 or 11 Buckner told me your name—his brother-in-law was in the charge-room—he said you were at Buckner's house at half-past 6 on Tuesday morning inquiring for the old man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. Buckner lives at 20, Wells Street, Leman Street—he has lived in that immediate neighbourhood for 20 years—he was admitted to bail—people frequently ask respectable people known in the neighbourhood to pawn things for them, as pawnbrokers will sooner advance money to people they know.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have not seen Long with Buckner, but I have heard of his taking boarders to Buckner's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Long, in his statement before the Magistrate and in his defence, said that he had met a man named James, who asked him as a favour to pawn the watch and chain for him, and that he took them to Buckner, who pawned them for</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BUCKNER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">received a good character</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-221-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-221-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-221-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONG</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-221-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-221-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-221-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870131-221-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-221-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-221-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-221-18870131 t18870131-221-punishment-2"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310009"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1887.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-222">
<interp inst="t18870131-222" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-222" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-222-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-222-18870131 t18870131-222-offence-1 t18870131-222-verdict-1"/>
<p>222.
<persName id="def1-222-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-222-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-222-18870131" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-222-18870131" type="surname" value="OWEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-222-18870131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS OWEN</hi> (17)</persName>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<rs id="t18870131-222-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-222-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-222-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to feloniously uttering couterfeit coin, after a conviction of having counterfeit coin in his pos
<lb/>session with intent to utter it</rs>.—
<rs id="t18870131-222-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-222-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-222-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18870131-222-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-222-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-222-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-222-18870131 t18870131-222-punishment-3"/>Judgment respited</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-223">
<interp inst="t18870131-223" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-223" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-223-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-223-18870131 t18870131-223-offence-1 t18870131-223-verdict-1"/>
<p>223.
<persName id="def1-223-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-223-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-223-18870131" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-223-18870131" type="surname" value="KENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-223-18870131" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED KENT</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-223-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-223-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-223-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> to unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, having other counterfeit coin in his possession</rs>.—
<rs id="t18870131-223-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-223-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-223-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-223-18870131 t18870131-223-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve months' Hard Labour</hi> </rs>.
<rs id="t18870131-223-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-223-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-223-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-224">
<interp inst="t18870131-224" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-224" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-224-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-224-18870131 t18870131-224-offence-1 t18870131-224-verdict-1"/>
<p>224.
<persName id="def1-224-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-224-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-224-18870131" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-224-18870131" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-224-18870131" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SMITH</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-224-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-224-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-224-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> to unlawfully uttering couterfeit coin</rs>.—
<rs id="t18870131-224-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-224-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-224-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-224-18870131 t18870131-224-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' hard Labour</hi> </rs>.
<rs id="t18870131-224-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-224-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-224-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-225">
<interp inst="t18870131-225" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-225" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-225-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-225-18870131 t18870131-225-offence-1 t18870131-225-verdict-1"/>
<p>225.
<persName id="def1-225-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-225-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18870131" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18870131" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18870131" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WHITE</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-225-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-225-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-225-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-31" type="surname" value="FARRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-31" type="given" value="MARYANN"/>MARYANN FARRANT</persName> </hi>. I live at Mr. Hopkins's a tobacconists, 19, villiers street, strand—on 18th September, between 10 and 11 p.m., I served the prisoner with a box of cigarettes, price 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a half-crown—I tried it in the tester, it bent, and I took it a constable, and the prisoner was given into custody with the coin—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner.</hi> I gave the constable two half-crowns—I had taken one of them a week before, but I had not accused you of tendering it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-32" type="surname" value="IRELAND"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-32" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN IRELAND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman E</hi> 183). the prisoner was given into my custody at Mr. Hopkins's shop; he was standing in a corner, smoking a cigarette out of the packet—the last witness said "This man has ten
<lb/>dered a bad half-crown for a threepenny box of cigarettes, and this is the second we have taken this evening"—he said nothing—I searched him in the shop and found a florin a sixpence, and a penny, all good—at the station the inspector said "Where did you get it from?"—he said "I got it from a coal carman in Gray's Inn Road, in change for a half-sovereign," whose name he did not know—he was taken before a Magistrate on Monday morning, remanded for a week, and discharged on the 27th—this is the coin—the prisoner gave his name John parker.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-33" type="surname" value="WERTMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-33" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK WERTMAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 406, Euston Road, and assist my brother, a cigar manufacturer—I am a German—on a Saturday night in this month, about 9 o'clock, the prisoner came in for a twopenny cigar, and put down a half-crown—it was greasy, and I bent it in the tester, and called my sister-in law, who said "That is the man who gave him in custody—I marked the coin; this is it—I think it was on the Saturday after New year's day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My sister-in law told me she had got a bad shilling on Wednesday, and described the man to me, and said that he had a red mark on the bottom of his nose, and I called her to see the prisoner, and said "Emily, is this the man who gave you the bad shilling?"—I did not say "This is the man," because I had never seen you before—I fetched a policeman, I gave you in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-34" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-34" type="surname" value="WHARTON"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-34" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY WHARTON</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Otto Wharton, and sister-in-law of the last witness—about six months ago the prisoner came in with another man—one of them asked for a twopenny cigar, and gave me a bad half-crown—I gave it back, and they left—on January 5th or 6th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310010"/>
<p>the prisoner came in alone for a twopenny cigar, and gave me a shilling—I sounded it on the counter, put it in the till in an empty bowl, gave him his change, and he left—I afterwards found it was bad, put it in the fire next morning, and it melted instantly—I described the prisoner to my husband—I noticed that ho wore a broad plain ring—on Saturday, the 8th, my brother-in-law called me into the whop, and I found the prisoner there and identified him—he had not the ring on then—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-35" type="surname" value="GATRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-35" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GATRELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 548). On Saturday, January 8th, the prisoner was given into my custody—I told him it was for passing a bad half-crown, and he said "If I had known they would have detected it I should not have tried to pass it here"—Emily Wharton said "When he came here on Thursday he was wearing a silver ring or imitation silver"—I searched him in the shop and found this ring, which she identified, and a shilling—she gave me this half-crown on the evening of the 8th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You never opened your mouth after you left the shop, but you made that statement before leaving.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-36" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-36" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these two half-crowns are counterfeit and from different moulds.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I wish to be remanded to call a witness."
<hi rend="italic">Second Statement, after the remand.</hi> "I got that half
<lb/>crown in change for a half-sovereign."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner called</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-37" type="surname" value="BEAN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-37" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BEAN</persName> </hi>. I am a coal agent, of 146, Oslington Street, St. Pancras—the prisoner has worked for me five or six weeks—on the night he was taken in custody I paid him a half-crown and a sixpence, and he had other money of me in the week—the prosecutor says that it was 9 o'clock when the prisoner was in his shop, but he left my place at 9, and the constable says that it was 9.30 when he took him, a mile away from home—I gave him the half-crown half an hour before he was taken—I take a lot of silver on a Saturday, and I have an idea that this may be the half-crown I gave him, but I cannot say whether it was good or bad—if it had been two shillings or a florin I should have had nothing to do with it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAUFURD</hi>. It was as near 9 o'clock as possible when he left—I did not look at a clock, but it would be the time he would get his supper—it would take him a quarter of an hour to walk to Westman's—I do not think any man in business can swear that all his money is good till he has done business and looks over it—I am likely to have a bad coin and not know it—I believed the coin I gave him was goad—I cannot tell whether he had other coin in his pocket—his real name is Bean; he is my son.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> In the first case I got the coin in change for a half-sovereign. I got a week's remand, and was let off. I got the second from my father.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-225-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-225-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-225-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He Then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**†
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of uttering counter
<lb/>feit coin in January</hi>, 1885,
<hi rend="italic">at this Court</hi>.—
<rs id="t18870131-225-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-225-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-225-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-225-18870131 t18870131-225-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two Years' Hard Labour</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-226">
<interp inst="t18870131-226" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-226" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-226-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-226-18870131 t18870131-226-offence-1 t18870131-226-verdict-1"/>
<p>226.
<persName id="def1-226-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-226-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-226-18870131" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-226-18870131" type="surname" value="MURRELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-226-18870131" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY MURRELL</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-226-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-226-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-226-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-39" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-39" type="surname" value="PINE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-39" type="given" value="CLARA JANE"/>CLARA JANE PINE</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Blue Last public-house,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310011"/>
<p>Ludgate Hill—on 22nd January, about 11 a.m., I served the prisoner with a half of four-ale—he then said he did not want the ale, he wanted change for a half-crown, and put it down on the counter—I looked at it, and tried it in the tester, and it bent—I asked him where he got it, and he said "Over at the butcher's," and I told him to take it back—Sewell was in the bar, and followed the prisoner, who was afterwards brought hack by a policeman—this is the coin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-40" type="surname" value="COCKBELL"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-40" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL COCKBELL</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher, of the Broadway, Ludgate Hill, opposite the Blue Last—the prisoner came into my shop on the 22nd, a little before 11 o'clock, and picked up fourpenny worth of pieces from the front, and brought them in, and tendered a half-crown—it looked very bad, and I said, "I can't take that," and gave it to him back, and he left—a postman brought him back, to see whether ho got the half-crown from us—I did not notice him come in again before the postman brought him in—the coin was very similar to this one, it was dark and very leadeney.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw the coin on the slab.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-41" type="surname" value="SEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-41" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND SEWELL</persName> </hi>. I live at 5, Wickwood Street, Loughborough Junction, and am a postman—on 22nd January, about 11 a.m., I was in the Blue Last public-house, Broadway, Ludgate Hill, and saw the prisoner come in—I heard him say, "Half a pint of beer"—he put a half-crown on the counter before the barmaid; I saw that it was bad—the barmaid took it up and went away; she came back and asked him where he got it; he said, "From the butcher's"—it was bent when she brought it back—I said to him, "Where did you get it from?"—he said, "From the butcher's"—I replied, "Will you take it back there?"—he said, "I will"—I asked him to do so—he left the bar, and I held the door ajar and watched him, and saw him go just inside the butcher's shop door and out again in an instant; he then passed the door where I was, and I followed him and asked him if he would come back and apologise to the barmaid for tendering a bad half-crown—he said, "Let me see my friend"—I said, "Where is. your friend?"—he said, "My friend has promised to meet me outside this door, I can't see him here, he must be at the other side of the court"—I went to the other side of the court with him, and he said, "I can't see him, let us go back again, he may be at the other corner"—I went back with him, but he could not find his friend, so I left him in the care of another postman, and fetched a policeman, and gave him in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-42" type="surname" value="BABNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-42" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BABNETT</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of the Post-office, and was with Sewell in the Blue Last—I have hoard his evidence, it is quite correct—I kept the prisoner while he went for a constable, and he wanted to get away from me, and said ho wanted to see his friend—I said, "You don't go from me, wherever you go I go too"—I stood in front of him, and he made a move once, and I caught hold of his arm, and gave him in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-43" type="surname" value="NATION"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-43" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM NATION</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 448). On 22nd January the prisoner was given into my custody for uttering counterfeit coin—I asked him how he came in possession of it—he said, "A
<hi rend="italic">pal</hi> of mine gave it me to go and get fourpennyworth of meat"—I said, "Where is your pal?"—he said, "He was here just now; you will find him at 12, Short's Gardens, Drury Lane"—I said, "Can't you see him now?"—he said "No"—I took him to the station, and alter the charge he made the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310012"/>
<p>same statement—he gave his address, 12, Short's Gardens, Drury Lane, which is correct—I received this half-crown from Barnett—I searched him at the station, but found no money on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-44" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-44" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a counterfeit half-sovereign—since it has been in the custody of the police it has been very much defaced.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner' Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "About a quarter to 9 on Saturday morning we were having breakfast. My mate said to me, 'We will go and get some meat for our dinner.' While we were going towards Cockrell's, the butcher's, he said, 'Here you are, here is the money,' and he put a half-crown in my hand, and I went to the butcher's."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-226-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-226-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-226-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870131-226-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-226-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-226-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-226-18870131 t18870131-226-punishment-7"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1887.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-227">
<interp inst="t18870131-227" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-227" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-227-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-227-18870131 t18870131-227-offence-1 t18870131-227-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-227-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-227-18870131 t18870131-227-offence-1 t18870131-227-verdict-1"/>
<p>227.
<persName id="def1-227-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-227-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-227-18870131" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-227-18870131" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-227-18870131" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WILLIAMS</hi> (22)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-227-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-227-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-227-18870131" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-227-18870131" type="surname" value="GILBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-227-18870131" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY GILBERTSON</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-227-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-227-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-227-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18870131-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-47" type="surname" value="EDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-47" type="given" value="RODNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-47" type="occupation" value="captain in the army"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-227-offence-1 t18870131-name-47"/>Rodney Eden</persName>, and stealing from his person a watch and part of a chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. P. PAYNE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-48" type="surname" value="EDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-48" type="given" value="RODNEY"/>RODNEY EDEN</persName> </hi>. I am a captain in the army, and am now staying at 27, Ashley Place—on 14th January, a little past 7 in the evening, I was in Ambroseden Avenue on my way to Ashley Place—when close to the Army and Navy Stores, near a bare piece of ground, I was spoken to by Williams, who showed me his arm without a hand—when I saw it was a
<hi rend="italic">bond fide</hi> amputation I stopped and spoke to him—he said it was caused through an accident, and that it was very hard to get work—I said I could not do more for him than give him a couple of shillings, which I did—I then went on a few yards when I felt a hand on my left shoulder—I had heard footsteps, but did not notice them—I turned round, and Gilbertson looked up—I must then have passed eight or nine yards away from a gas-lamp, but there was sufficient light for me to see—he said "You had better give me all you have about you"—I said I would call for the police—I stepped back a bit, and said "I have nothing to give you,' or something of that kind—he stepped after me, and made the remark to the other prisoner, "We will have his watch and chain anyhow"—I then received a slight push in my chest, enough to make me lose my balance a little, and I felt a snatch, and my watch and a part: of my chain was gone; a part was left hanging in the button-hole—Williams took no actual part in this assault, but he was close by—they then ran away in the direction of the waste ground—there were no people about the place then—I went in that direction—my brothers place is at the corner of Ashley Place—I talked the matter over with him, and then we drove to Scotland Yard and eave a description-about a quarter to 8 next morning a police officer came and asked me to go to Rochester Row with him, and I there identified Williams from five or six others—about a quarter to 11 I went there again, and identified Gilbertson among fire or six others—I have no doubt about him—the value of my watch was 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gilbertson.</hi> You pushed me in the chest—I did not fall down—the blow was enough to make any one lose their balance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-49" type="surname" value="MCELLISTRIM"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-49" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>NICHOLAS MCELLISTRIM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective</hi>). From information I received on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310013"/>
<p>14th January about 11.30 p.m. I went to Statton Bow, Westminster, and remained about there till 12.30—I then saw Williams came out of a common lodging-house—I told him I was a police officer, and I should take him in custody on suspicion of stealing a watch and chain from a gentleman in Ambroseden Avenue—he said "I have not got the watch; you can search me"—I took him to Rochester Row Station, and gave him a seat there, and he then pulled some pawn-tickets out of his pocket and began to eat them, but they did not relate to this watch—next morning at 9.30 I arrested Gilbertson in the same lodging-house concealed under the bed—I pulled him out, and told him I should take him in custody for being concerned with another man in stealing a watch in Ambroseden Avenue—I also mentioned the other man's name—he said" All right,
<hi rend="italic">governor</hi>, I will go quiet"—I found nothing on him—he was placed amongst others and identified.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Williams.</hi> You did not say "I do not know any
<lb/>thing about this robbery."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gilbertson.</hi> I could not see you until I looked under the bed—you had your clothes on—you did not seem to have been asleep or drinking—I did not say to you that I saw you in Beeches's last night, and that you were well drunk; if I had seen you there I should have taken you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Gilbertson called</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-50" type="surname" value="WHEATLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-50" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WHEATLEY</persName> </hi>. I am Secretary of St. Giles's Christian Mission—when you came from, a lunatic asylum, where you had been for eight months, we took you in our home for a day or two because you were in distress—you then went away, and we heard no more of you.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18870131-227-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-227-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-227-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in</hi> 1883
<hi rend="italic">at Southward Police-court</hi>.—
<rs id="t18870131-227-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-227-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-227-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-227-18870131 t18870131-227-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour</hi> </rs>,
<hi rend="largeCaps">GIL
<lb/>BERTSON</hi>
<rs id="t18870131-227-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-227-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-227-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-227-18870131 t18870131-227-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-228">
<interp inst="t18870131-228" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-228" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-228-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-228-18870131 t18870131-228-offence-1 t18870131-228-verdict-1"/>
<p>228.
<persName id="def1-228-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-228-18870131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-228-18870131" type="surname" value="BRUCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-228-18870131" type="given" value="MARY CATHERINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY CATHERINE BRUCE</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-228-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-228-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-228-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18870131-228-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-228-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-228-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>to unlawfully and maliciously writing and publishing certain libels of and concerning
<persName id="t18870131-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-52" type="surname" value="COLLINGRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-52" type="given" value="WILLIAM HILL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-228-offence-1 t18870131-name-52"/>William Hill Collingridge</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Mr. Collingridge stated that the defendant had persisted in systematic annoyances by post-cards, letters, and personally, for upwards of two years.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">directed her to find too sureties for her good behaviour, but at the close of the Session, no sureties being forthcoming, she was committed to prison, and
<rs id="t18870131-228-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-228-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-228-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-228-18870131 t18870131-228-punishment-10"/>judgment was respited till the next Session</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-229">
<interp inst="t18870131-229" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-229" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-229-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-229-18870131 t18870131-229-offence-1 t18870131-229-verdict-1"/>
<p>229.
<persName id="def1-229-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-229-18870131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-229-18870131" type="surname" value="SILK"/>
<interp inst="def1-229-18870131" type="given" value="ELLEN ALEXANDRA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN ALEXANDRA SILK</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18870131-229-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-229-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-229-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18870131-name-54" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-54" type="surname" value="MCLEWEN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-54" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-54" type="occupation" value="pawnbroker's assistant"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-229-offence-1 t18870131-name-54"/>Charles Edward McLewen</persName> 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, incurring a debt and liability for 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and so obtaining 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by fraud other than false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-55" type="surname" value="MCLEWEN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-55" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWABD"/>CHARLES EDWABD MCLEWEN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to George Attenborough, pawnbroker, of 72, Strand—on the evening of 30th July the prisoner came in wearing this bracelet; she took it off, and asked it' I would lend her 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on it—I told her I could not lend her 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., because the light was bad, but I would lend her 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the gas was alight—she said she wanted 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. very badly, and pressed me to let her have it, but I said I could not do it by that light—ultimately she said she would accept the 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I then filled, in the contract note, of which this is the counterpart left in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310014"/>
<p>book it was torn from—I gave her the corresponding half—she signed her name "N. Addington," and I filled it in the other part—she put the address "2, Kent Terrace"—I said "Where is Kent Terrace?"—she said "Regent's Park"—I said "The interest must be paid in three months, if not the bracelet will be sold"—she said she would redeem it before that time—I gave her the 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and she went away with the 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and the contract note, leaving the bracelet with me—subsequently an action was brought by Louis Symonds against Mr. Attenborough to recover the bracelet, or 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. as its value—I was not at the County Court—after the action we gave the bracelet to Symonds, and he gave us a receipt for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not read the contract note to her—I turned the back round and she signed it, and looked at it—when I mentioned it was a three months' contract she said "I shall redeem it before that time"—I lent 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. because I could not see by the gaslight—I think I may have said to her that if she came next day I might perhaps allow her more on it—I do not think it is worth a good deal more than 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. now that I have seen it by daylight—I might lend 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on it now, no more—it would not fetch 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had never seen her before—I believed it was her property by her taking it off her arm when she came in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-56" type="surname" value="SYMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-56" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS SYMONDS</persName> </hi>. I am a money lender, of 7, Wells Street, Oxford Street—I produce a bill of sale of 12th May, 1886, executed in the name of Ellen Alexander Silk, the prisoner—when she applied to me for this money two other bills of sale existed not fully satisfied—I said "If you wish me to lend you another 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. then I shall want you to give me your jewellery as security"—she said she would not give it—I said "Then I cannot lend you the money"—that was a week or two before the execu
<lb/>tion of the bill of sale—she came again in the interval, and, I think, asked me whether I could not do without the jewellery, and lend her 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I said "I don't see any harm in giving me your jewellery, you can wear it the same as usual; it will not prevent you wearing it"—she was anxious that something omitted from a prior bill of sale should be pro
<lb/>tected in case a bill of sale was put in by Mr. Dutton—I think on that occasion I offered to lend her 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or less without the jewellery as security, but she wanted 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and could not do with a less sum—she said she would consider it, and send me a telegram whether she would give the jewellery or not, and she would then let me know when she would call, and I was to wire whether I would be ready for her at the time—she telegraphed, and arrived at my office at the appointed time, on 12th May—I said I would not interfere with her wearing the jewellery—the bill of sale was not ready, because I had not got a list of the jewellery—she only had one or two articles of jewellery on her, and she described the rest for me to put into the inventory—among the articles was this bracelet—after the inventory was completed the bill of sale was executed, and I gave her a cheque for 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—she was to pay 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a month; the first payment being on 12th June—between 12th May and when I took possession she had paid me about 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—up to 30th July I had had perhaps 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the landlord distrained for a quarter's rent in at the end of October or beginning of November, and he appraised the goods on 3rd November, when I bought the greater part of the goods under the appraisement—she continued to live there up to the time the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310015"/>
<p>landlord distrained—as soon as I lent her the money she went away—the house was closed, shut up—she owed me at the time of the appraise
<lb/>ment nearly 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., I should think—nothing had been paid off the appraise
<lb/>ment because I put the money she paid me after 12th May to the credit of two former bills of sale on which something was owing—on 26th Novem
<lb/>ber I sued Mr. Attenborough for this bracelet—I secured the attendance of the prisoner at the County Court—judgment was given against Mr. Attenborough in my favour—the 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was to be reduced to 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the bracelet being given up—Attenborough gave the prisoner any authority to obtain any loan of money on it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to be the value of the bracelet; you could not buy it for that, and I would not sell it for less—the county Court action was tried on 17th December—the prisoner was there as a witness—I claimed it as being in a bill of sale, he as having been pawned—I did not call the prisoner to give her account of the matter—she was subpoenaed, but not called and had no opportunity of giving her under
<lb/>standing of what the arrangement was—the two former bills of sale were about 18 months prior to this—I think the three were within 18 months—during 1885 I had received about 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., in part payment—she had paid very considerable sums—I always found her a very good payer and very honourable up to this—I found her very straightforward in my dealings with her—she paid 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—she paid 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in 1886, I think—about 260
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. she repaid altogether, I think—practically all the property in the first and second bills of sale were in the third bill of sale, with some few trifling additions: so that as money was paid off it made the security more valuable—my interest is 5 percent. per month, 60 percent. per annum, at the rate of—the whole of the principle of the first two bills of sale was paid up, and part of the interest—I had seen the jewellery—she was very unwilling that it should be in the bill of sale at all—there was only one execution, a Country Court execution—she herself was anxious to have certain things protected by being in a bill of sale—I said she could wear the jewellery, I should never interfere with it so long as she made her payments—I had not the least doubt she would—the result of the action was that Attenborough had to hand the bracelet to me—it was known that she was ready to be called at the County Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I secured her attendance there—I have not recovered possession of all the articles mentioned in the bill of sale—I have only got possession of this bracelet and one or two trifling articles—of every payment she made part went towards the principle and part towards the interest in proper proportion—more than 220
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. has been paid—the last payment on the first bill of sale was two or three months prior to the distraint, in August or September last—I should think there would be owing on the first two bills of sale when the third was made over 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-57" type="surname" value="FRAYLING"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-57" type="given" value="ALFRED STEPHEN"/>ALFRED STEPHEN FRAYLING</persName> </hi>. I am clerk in the Bills of Sale Registry—I produce a filed copy of the bill of sale between Louis Symounds and Ellen Alexandra Silk, with the affidavit attached—the bill of sale was duly registered on 13th May.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-229-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-229-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-229-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310016"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1887.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-230">
<interp inst="t18870131-230" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-230" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-230-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-230-18870131 t18870131-230-offence-1 t18870131-230-verdict-1"/>
<p>230.
<persName id="def1-230-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-230-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-230-18870131" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-230-18870131" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JONES</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18870131-230-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-230-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-230-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-59" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-59" type="surname" value="GROVES"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-59" type="given" value="MATILDA"/>MATILDA GROVES</persName> </hi>. My husband is a grocer, of Hertford Road, Edmonton—on 14th January, about a quarter to 8 p.m., I served the prisoner with half a pound of sugar and half an ounce of tea, which came to 1 3/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a half-crown; it felt greasy; I sounded it on the counter, and it seemed good; I then tried it in the tester, and it bent very quickly—I said, "This is bad"—he made no answer—I tried it again, and told him it was very bad—he made for the door, leaving the change on the counter—my husband came into the shop, took the coin out of my hand, and called for his cap—the prisoner heard that and started off in a running way, and my husband followed him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-60" type="surname" value="GROVES"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-60" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL GROVES</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer—on 14th January I was in the parlour, and heard my wife, who was in the shop, say, "This is a bed half-crown"—I went into the shop and saw the prisoner—I asked my wife to get my cap, and while she went he ran away—I got my cap and went after him—he was out of sight then, but I afterwards saw him running 300 or 400 yards off—he then stood still, but when I spoke to a constable he ran away again, but I came up with him, and gave him in custody with the coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-61" type="surname" value="SPINKS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-61" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC SPINKS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 293). I was on horseback on Edmonton Green, and saw the prisoner running, and Mr. Groves running after him shouting "Stop him"—I galloped after him and caught him close by the railway-station; he jumped on the footpath; a young gentleman stopped him, and Mr. Groves came up and gave him in custody for trying to pass a bad half-crown—he said nothing to that—I got off my horse, took the prisoner to the station, and found on him one shilling and seven pence—he was asked his address, and gave no answer—the inspector said, "I think I have seen you in St. Luke's"—he said, "Yes, I live at Cannon's Lodging-house, Golden Lane, St. Luke's"—Mr. Groves gave me this half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-62" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-62" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half-crown is counterfeit.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I wish to say I got the half-crown in change for a half-sovereign last Tuesday week at 9 a.m. I got three half-crowns and 11 pence, and some rum-and-milk, at the Cock at Highbury. That was the last half-crown out of the three."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I got that half-crown given me by another
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi>, Bendigo, to get tea and sugar with, and that is why. I did not buy the tea and sugar with my own money; the 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was my own.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-230-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-230-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-230-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>*.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870131-230-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-230-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-230-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-230-18870131 t18870131-230-punishment-11"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WHEATLEY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">of the St. Giles's Christian Mission, undertook to look after him when he comes out of prison, having done so after his former sentence.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-231">
<interp inst="t18870131-231" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-231" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-231-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-231-18870131 t18870131-231-offence-1 t18870131-231-verdict-1"/>
<p>231.
<persName id="def1-231-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-231-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18870131" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18870131" type="surname" value="HOMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18870131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS HOMER</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-231-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-231-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-231-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice within 10 days.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-64" type="surname" value="COCKERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-64" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>SUSANNAH COCKERTON</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps a general shop at 46, Fan
<lb/>shaw Street, Holborn—on 22nd January, between 2 and 3 p.m., the prisoner came in for a loaf, price 2 3/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and gave me a half-crown—I rang</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310017"/>
<p>it on the counter, it sounded good, and I gave him two shillings and 3 1/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—after he left I thought it felt light, and weighed it; it was very light—I wrapped it in paper and put it on one side, as he had been there two or three times before; this is it—on 24th January, at 5 o'clock, he came again, and asked for a halfpenny candle—I lit the gas, and sent for my husband, and shut the front door, and said, "Do you know you gave me a bad half-crown on Saturday?"—he said, "Yes, I beg your pardon, if you will allow me to go I will fetch a good one, I am one of your customers, I live at No. 50"—he gave me a halfpenny for the candle—he had been there three or four times before, and on each occasion we found bad money at night—my husband came in, shut the door, put his back to it, and said, "I will give you in charge if you do not bring me good money"—the prisoner said, "You won't lock me up? give me a chance"—my husband opened the door, the prisoner went out, and my husband followed him—my little boy took the coin to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I spoke to him about the half-crown he said "Yes, I beg your pardon"—he did not say "If it is a bad half-crown I am very sorry"—I know him well by sight; he is blind with one eye—I could have described him very easily.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-65" type="surname" value="COOKINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-65" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COOKINGTON</persName> </hi>. On 24th January I went into my shop and found my wife and the prisoner there—I closed the door, and my wife said "What made you bring that bad half-crown in on Saturday?"—the prisoner said "If you will allow me to go over to No. 50 I will fetch you another, give me a chance"—to get to No. 50 you go across the street and across Short Street, which parts Fanshaw Street—I let him go out—he did not go over to No. 50, but went up the left side of the street towards Hoxton—I followed him—he ought to have gone to the right, but went to the left and turned into a court leading into Wellington Street walking, but as soon as he saw me turn into the court after him he started to run up Wellington Street as fast as his legs would carry him—I followed him into Kingsland Road—a young man stopped him and I caught hold of his collar—I was only a few yards behind him—I took him to the station and gave him in charge to a constable who was coming out—my son brought me the half-crown in Albert Street, and I gave it to the constable—I had marked it when my wife gave it to me—this is it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-66" type="surname" value="COCKERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-66" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST COCKERTON</persName> </hi>. I am a son of the last witness—on the evening of January 24th my mother gave me a bad half-crown—I followed my father to the station, met him, and gave it to him—this is it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-67" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-67" type="surname" value="TUDOB"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-67" type="given" value="HENKY ISAAC"/>HENKY ISAAC TUDOB</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist of 3, Victoria Chambers, Paul Street, Shoreditch—on 24th January I served the prisoner with a pennyworth of tobacco—he gave me 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I gave him a sixpence and fivepence—while he was there I looked at it, it being a King George III.—I thought it rather funny, and when he went out I tried it with my teeth and bent it slightly—my teeth left marks in it sad it felt gritty—I went after him, brought him back to the shop, and told him it was bad—he said that he did not know it—I asked him for the change back, he gave it to me and a penny for the tobacco.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-68" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-68" type="given" value="EDGAR"/>EDGAR COOK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 38). The prisoner was given into my custody as I was coming out of the station—I took him inside, and said "You will be charged with uttering a false half-crown to Mrs. Cockington"—he said "I know nothing about the half-crown; I have only got 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310018"/>
<p>you can search me"—I did so, and found 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I afterwards received a counterfeit shilling from Mr. Tudor, and a half-crown from Cockerton.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Only good money was found on him—he gave a correct address, but they did not know him by name—he told me he was not in employment—I did not go to St. John's Road or to East Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He gave his address, 23, Kingsland Road, a common lodging-house—he had been living there about nine days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-69" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. The half-crown and shilling are counterfeit.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "The witness, Mr. Cockington, speaks falsely. I went into his shop last night to get a candle. I went to Hoxton, and was taken short, and commenced to run, and the prosecutor then got hold of me."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-231-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-231-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-231-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-232">
<interp inst="t18870131-232" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-232" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-232-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-232-18870131 t18870131-232-offence-1 t18870131-232-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-232-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-232-18870131 t18870131-232-offence-2 t18870131-232-verdict-1"/>
<p>232.
<persName id="def1-232-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-232-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18870131" type="surname" value="PAUL"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18870131" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES PAUL</hi> </persName>**†(21)
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-232-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-232-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-232-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18870131-232-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-232-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-232-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18870131-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-71" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-71" type="given" value="JOHN SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-232-offence-1 t18870131-name-71"/>John Samuel Howard</persName>, and stealing two coats and other articles, his property</rs>;
<rs id="t18870131-232-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-232-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-232-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18870131-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-72" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-72" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-232-offence-2 t18870131-name-72"/>George Harris</persName>, and stealing a coat and other articles, his property</rs>.—
<rs id="t18870131-232-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-232-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-232-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-232-18870131 t18870131-232-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour</hi>.</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-233">
<interp inst="t18870131-233" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-233" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-233-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-233-18870131 t18870131-233-offence-1 t18870131-233-verdict-1"/>
<p>233.
<persName id="def1-233-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-233-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18870131" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18870131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SMITH</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18870131-233-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-233-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-233-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> to stealing a purse and 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. from the person of
<persName id="t18870131-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-74" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-74" type="given" value="PHILLIBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-233-offence-1 t18870131-name-74"/>Phillibert Martin</persName> after a conviction at Clerkenwell in March, 1882, in the name of
<persName id="t18870131-name-75">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-75" type="surname" value="MAHONEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-75" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>Thomas Mahoney</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18870131-233-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-233-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-233-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-233-18870131 t18870131-233-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18870131-233-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-233-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-233-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-234">
<interp inst="t18870131-234" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-234" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-234-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-234-18870131 t18870131-234-offence-1 t18870131-234-verdict-1"/>
<p>234.
<persName id="def1-234-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-234-18870131" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18870131" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18870131" type="surname" value="PRATASIA"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18870131" type="given" value="TADDII"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TADDII PRATASIA</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-234-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-234-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-234-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18870131-name-77" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-77" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-77" type="surname" value="BOLA"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-77" type="given" value="GUISEPPA DE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-77" type="occupation" value="restaurant keeper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-234-offence-1 t18870131-name-77"/>Guiseppa de Bola</persName>, and stealing 18 forks, 12 knives, 200 cigars, and 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-78" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-78" type="surname" value="MIOHELE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-78" type="given" value="DE"/>MR. DE MICHELE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOODGATE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-79" type="surname" value="METTA"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-79" type="given" value="GIACOMO DE"/>GIACOMO DE METTA</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Madame Guiseppa de Bolla, restaurant keeper, of 137, Oxford Street—on 12th December, about 6.30 a.m., a policeman called me up; I went downstairs, and found the street door open—I missed 18 forks, 6 spoons, 12 knives, an opera glass, 200 cigars, and a silk handkerchief from a cupboard behind the bar, and 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper from the till, which was broken open—I had locked the street door at 11.50 the previous night—that leads into the restaurant—the prisoner had not been a servant there, but I had worked with him—I identified the cigars, knives, and forks 14 days afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know the box in which the cigars were; they are 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. Havannah cigars—we had two or three boxes at a time—the mistress buys them of a firm in Westminster, who sell the boxes by the 100—our forks were wrapped in green paper, and, half a dozen were quite new, and marked as made by "E. H. L.—A."—that is a common mark for plated goods—I had noticed that mark, because I cleaned them every morning—when we buy them they are in green or pink paper—they were in a box, which I know very well.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> These cigars are similar to what we lost—six forks were wrapped in green paper, and the rest were open—the number in the box is the same and it is the same box—the knives are quite new, and similar to what we lost—the spoons have not been found.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-80" type="surname" value="CLAPP"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-80" type="given" value="JAMES WALTER"/>JAMES WALTER CLAPP</persName> </hi> I am assistant to George Pockett, a pawn
<lb/>broker, of 35, Gray's Inn Road—this duplicate of 13th December is for 12 knives and 18 forks pledged with us in the name of James Josephs,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310019"/>
<p>5, James Street—I was not present—it relates to the knives and forks before me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-81" type="surname" value="VINCS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-81" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL VINCS</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Messrs. Best and Boyce, of 66, Theobald's Road—this box of cigars was pawned there for 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., in the name of John Blunt, Hatton Wall—this is the duplicate—I was present, but I do not identify the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-82" type="surname" value="SIZELAND"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-82" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT SIZELAND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 403). On 18th December I searched the prisoner and found these two pawn-tickets, one relating to forks and the other to cigars—a man named Byaggio was charged with him before the Magistrate on the 18th—I found this chisel on Byaggio.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-83" type="surname" value="KITCHIN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-83" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD KITCHIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective C</hi>). On 12th December, about 9.30 a.m., I received information of this burglary, and on 26th December I received from Sizeland two pawn-tickets and a chisel—Crockett and I arrested Byaggio on the 18th—he was taken to the station, and I told him in the prisoner's presence that he would be charged with being concerned with Pratasia in committing a burglary on the night of 11th December, at 137, Oxford Street—he said "I know nothing about it"—later on the prisoner mentioned the pawn-tickets, and Byaggio said "I bought the pawn-tickets of a Frenchman; I do not know his name, he has gone to France."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> What he said was "The pawn-tickets belong to me, I bought them of a Frenchman, he has gone to France."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-84" type="surname" value="CROCKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-84" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID CROCKETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective C</hi>). I was with Kitchin on December 22nd, and saw the prisoner and said "You will be charged with committing a burglary at 137, Oxford Street, on the 12th instant"—he said "I know nothing about it; there was a chisel found on me"—I compared this chisel with the marks on the till drawer at 137, Oxford Street, and it corresponded, and also with some marks on a cupboard behind the bar which was broken into—the entrance had been effected by a false key, and there were no marks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The till drawer was about half an inch thick—the chisel had been inserted above the drawer, and the marks of it from the point to two inches down were across the ledge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-234-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-234-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-234-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-235">
<interp inst="t18870131-235" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-235" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-235-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-235-18870131 t18870131-235-offence-1 t18870131-235-verdict-1"/>
<p>235.
<persName id="def1-235-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-235-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18870131" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18870131" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18870131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SULLIVAN</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-235-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-235-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-235-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18870131-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-86" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-86" type="surname" value="ANNING"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-86" type="given" value="LAURA MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-235-offence-1 t18870131-name-86"/>Laura Mary Anning</persName>, and stealing a bag, a purse, a handkerchief, and 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., her property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CROFTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-87" type="surname" value="ANNING"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-87" type="given" value="LAURA MARY"/>LAURA MARY ANNING</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Holly Terrace, Drayton Gardens—on 20th January, about 5.30, I was walking with my aunt in Beaufort Street, and was carrying a bag containing a purse, a handkerchief, and about 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—a man jumped up in front of me and snatched my bag—I did not let go of it, but the handle came off—I ran after him across the road and saw him round the corner in custody—I cannot identify the prisoner because it was so sudden, but I only saw one man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-88" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-88" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DEAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 24, Milman Street—on 20th January, about 5.20, I was in Beaufort Street playing with other boys, and saw the last witness running after the prisoner—I kept my eyes on him till a policeman stopped him—I was a quarter of an hour running after him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-89" type="surname" value="ABBERFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-89" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ABBERFIELD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B</hi> 73). I heard cries of "Stop thief," and saw the prisoner come out of the square into Beaufort</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310022"/>
<p>Street—I chased him through two streets, stopped him, and said "What are you running for?"—he said "I don't know; oh, I am running to catch the thieves"—the prosecutrix came up in about two minutes, and complained of losing her bag—the prisoner said nothing—I took him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-90" type="surname" value="MANLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-90" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MANLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). On 28th January the prisoner said to me at "Westminster Police-court "That young lady," meaning Miss Anning, "is quite right, but I did not steal the bag; I was with the other man that did; I know nothing about it, but he put me up to it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I am not the man who took the bag. I did not have nothing to do with it.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18870131-235-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-235-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-235-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of larceny from the person.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-236">
<interp inst="t18870131-236" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-236" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-236-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-236-18870131 t18870131-236-offence-1 t18870131-236-verdict-1"/>
<p>236.
<persName id="def1-236-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-236-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-236-18870131" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-236-18870131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SULLIVAN</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18870131-236-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-236-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-236-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> for robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18870131-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-92" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-92" type="surname" value="HOLDER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-92" type="given" value="KATE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-236-offence-1 t18870131-name-92"/>Kate Holder</persName>, and stealing a bag, a purse, a pencil-case, and six shillings in money, her property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CROFTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-93" type="surname" value="HOLDER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-93" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE HOLDER</persName> </hi>. I live at 60, Reedsdale Street—on 19th January I was walking with my mother in Walpole Street about 8 o'clock, and carrying a sealskin bag on my right arm, containing a purse, a hand
<lb/>kerchief, some spectacles in a case, a pencil-case and button-hook, and about six shillings and two farthings in a purse—I, had a parcel in my other hand and a large bottle under my arm—a man suddenly appeared before me in Walpole Street—he appeared suddenly before me like a drunken man—he crouched before me and swayed—I stepped aside to get out of his way—he stepped before me again, and as I went to the left he went to the left—he took hold of my right arm, on which the bag was hanging, and wrenched the bag, but failed to get it—I resisted, and he held my shoulders with both hands, and threw me down, took my bag, and ran away—I did not feel any blow—it was very dark—my bottle was smashed, and I fell on it—I went to a shop; I was too upset to go to the police till next day—I felt very stiff and shaken, but I was not bruised—I think my nerves were shaken—this is my purse, pencil-case, and button-hook—the man brought was like the prisoner, but he was not upright.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-94" type="surname" value="MANLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-94" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MANLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). On 20th January, about 7 p.m., I saw the prisoner at King's Cross Station in custody on the previous charge—I found on him this purse, four shillings, a small pencil-case, a steel button-hook, and two farthings, and laid them in front of me—he said "They are mine; they belong to me"—the prosecutrix identified them the next morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-95" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-95" type="surname" value="HOLDER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-95" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>HANNAH HOLDER</persName> </hi>. I was with my daughter, and went on one side to let the man pass—he was like the height of the prisoner, and I thought by his figure that he was quite young.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I bought the purse that day for sixpence, and the penholder or whatever it is was in it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-236-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-236-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-236-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at Limerick in September</hi>, 1881,
<hi rend="italic">of stealing a watch, He was proved to be a deserter from the Army, and had been several times convicted, and after re-enlisting, was discharged with ignominy from Her Majesty's Service,—
<rs id="t18870131-236-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-236-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-236-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-236-18870131 t18870131-236-punishment-14"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs> and
<rs id="t18870131-236-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-236-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-236-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-236-18870131 t18870131-236-punishment-15"/>Twenty Strokes with the Cat</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310023"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1887.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-237">
<interp inst="t18870131-237" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-237" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-237-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-237-18870131 t18870131-237-offence-1 t18870131-237-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-237-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-237-18870131 t18870131-237-offence-2 t18870131-237-verdict-1"/>
<p>237.
<persName id="def1-237-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-237-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18870131" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18870131" type="surname" value="ALBURY"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18870131" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ALBURY</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-237-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-237-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-237-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18870131-237-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-237-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-237-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing two cheques for the payment of 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., the property of the
<persName id="t18870131-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-97" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-237-offence-1 t18870131-name-97"/>Scottish Imperial Life Assurance Company</persName> </rs>;
<rs id="t18870131-237-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-237-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-237-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to forging and uttering an endorsement on a banker's cheque for the payment of 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and to forging and uttering a receipt for the payment of 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18870131-237-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-237-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-237-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-237-18870131 t18870131-237-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-238">
<interp inst="t18870131-238" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-238" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-238-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-238-18870131 t18870131-238-offence-1 t18870131-238-verdict-1"/>
<p>238.
<persName id="def1-238-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-238-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18870131" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18870131" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18870131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BROWN</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-238-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-238-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-238-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18870131-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-99" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-99" type="given" value="FREDERICK HENRY BARKER BOLLON"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-99" type="occupation" value="student, writer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-238-offence-1 t18870131-name-99"/>Frederick Henry Barker Bollon Bryant</persName>, and stealing 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and an umbrella, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILMOT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-100" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-100" type="given" value="FREDERICK HENRY BARKER BOLLON"/>FREDERICK HENRY BARKER BOLLON BRYANT</persName> </hi>. I am a student and writer, and live in New Oxford Street—on 10th January I was going into my house about half-past 12, and was placing the key in the door, when I was set upon by three men, two of whom held me and held my arms up while the third man rifled my pockets—I struggled half-free and grappled with the prisoner; the other two got off while the prisoner prevented me going after them—I held him till three constables and a gentleman came up—I received a severe blow on the head and bruises about the face.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I had previously been to a place of amusement, and stepped into a public-house for a glass of ale; as I turned to go I noticed three men with very dubious faces—I stood them a glass of drink—I paid about 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for what they wished, and the nest I knew of them was when they seized me—I did not throw any money on the table to the men who were drinking before I was spoken to—I did not sit down and drink in your company for an hour—I only used money when I paid for the drink—that was about half-past 12—I did not wait till the public-house was shut up—the public-house was about two streets up from the junction of New Oxford Street and Holborn, in New Oxford Street—I have no recollection of any of the men passing any remark to me in the public-house—I was sober—I drank alone—I only paid for four drinks—I swear I did not drink all the time I was there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-101" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-101" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL LEE</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Rose Street, Soho, and am a frame-maker—on 11th January, about 12.30, I was going home and saw three men pushing the prosecutor about and struggling at his door—I heard him call for help, and fetched a constable—when I came back with him Mr. Bryant was still holding the prisoner; the other two men got away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were two others besides you when I came up—you were all three pushing the prosecutor about—I do not know if any of you were drunk or sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-102" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-102" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER ROSS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I heard cries, and went in the direction they came from—I saw the prosecutor there; the prisoner held him by the throat at the door, and struck him in the face—I blew my whistle and seized the prisoner, who behaved very violently, seized me by the belt, and tried to throw me to the ground three or four times—he knocked my whistle out of my mouth and loosened my teeth—I got him to the station eventually.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310024"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that the prosecutor came into a public-house where he was, threw money on the table, and sat in their company; that he commenced shoving about, that the landlord put them out, and there was a scuffle in the street; that the prosecutor caught hold of him and they struggled, and somehow got into the doorway, and that then the gentleman and policeman came up.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18870131-238-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-238-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-238-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18870131-238-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-238-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-238-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-238-18870131 t18870131-238-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-239">
<interp inst="t18870131-239" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-239" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-239-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-239-18870131 t18870131-239-offence-1 t18870131-239-verdict-1"/>
<p>239.
<persName id="def1-239-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-239-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18870131" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18870131" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18870131" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY FOWLER</hi> (28)</persName>,
<rs id="t18870131-239-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-239-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-239-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> Stealing a coat, the goods of
<persName id="t18870131-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-104" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-104" type="given" value="EVAN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-104" type="occupation" value="student"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-239-offence-1 t18870131-name-104"/>Evan Humphreys</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-105" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-105" type="given" value="EVAN"/>EVAN HUMPHREYS</persName> </hi>. I live at 14, Ella Road, Crouch Hill, and am a student—on 11th January I went in the Birkbeck Literary and Scientific Institution in Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, about half-past 2, and into the study, and stopped till about half-past 4—I hung my light-brown overcoat on the third hook close to the door in the study; a black coat was beside it—about half-past 3 the prisoner came in—I had often seen him there before—he was wearing a black coat, and no overcoat—he walked to the other side of the room to where I was sitting, and looked out at the window into the street—I went on reading, and took no further notice of him—you are not allowed to speak in the study—Mr. Hall and two other gentlemen sitting by the fireplace were the only other persons in the room—I left the room about 4 o'clock to get another book in the basement—I was absent about five minutes—I left Hall, the two gentle
<lb/>men, and the prisoner in the room; when I came back I found Hall and the two gentlemen, but the prisoner had gone—about 10 minutes after
<lb/>wards, when I went to get my coat, I found it was gone—the three people were still in the room; I spoke to them—no one had left the room except the prisoner—I gave a description to the police—a week afterwards, on the 18th, I was called out from the reading-room to speak to a detective, and as I was describing the person to him the prisoner opened the reading-room door and came out—I said to the detective "That is the very man," and he was arrested on the steps—I am positive the prisoner is the man who was in the study and who had gone away when I returned; I remember a peculiarity in his eyes; I could not possibly mistake him—I am certain no one left the room from the time I left till the time my coat was missing—the study is a private room for subscribers; there is a notice on the door saying that no one but members are admitted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I did not say before that I was away for an hour.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There are no newspapers in that room.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-106" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-106" type="given" value="FRANK FOSTER"/>FRANK FOSTER HALL</persName> </hi>. I live at 18, Wheathill Road, and am a Civil Service student—I was at the Birkbeck on this day from about half-past 10 in the morning till about a quarter-past nine at night—I remember the prisoner sitting down by my side—I don't remember having seen much of him before—when he got up to go he took a light coat off a peg, put it on his arm, and wont out of the study—there was only one other coat, a black one, on the pegs—the prosecutor was then out of the room—I had not seen him go—there were two others besides myself there—I did not see whose coat the light one was, but I knew Humphreys's was a light one, and I looked to see—I can swear that during the time Hum
<lb/>phreys was away no one entered the room—I was present on the 18th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310025"/>
<p>January when the prisoner was given into custody—Humphreys recog
<lb/>nised him at once without any hesitation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not give you into custody, because I did not know Humphreys had even put his coat there—I did not know he had not taken his coat with him—I did not even know he had left the room, and when I saw you taking the coat I looked at where he had been sitting—I did not see Humphreys come in and put his coat there—I did not know the coat did not belong to you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-107" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-107" type="given" value="BAXTER"/>BAXTER HUNT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). About 5.40 on Tuesday, 18th January, I was at the Birkbeck Institute with the prosecutor and Hall when the prisoner left the reading-room and went downstairs—Hall and the prosecutor said "That is the man"—I went after and caught him at the bottom of the stairs—I told him I was a police officer, and that he, would be charged with stealing a coat from the Institution last Tuesday—he said it was a mistake—I turned to Hall and said "That gentleman saw you take it"—ho said "It is a mistake, and a conspiracy got up against me"—I conveyed him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You gave me three names, of whom I made inquiries—I can tell you what they told me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-108" type="surname" value="ROUS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROUS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 677). On Tuesday, 11th January, about 4 o'clock, I saw the prisoner at the Birkbeck—he had no overcoat on then—I was on duty when he came in—I saw him sitting in a room in the Birkbeck.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-109" type="surname" value="CONGREVE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-109" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY CONGREVE</persName> </hi>. I am Secretary to the Birkbeck Institute—it is necessary, to use the reading-room, to become a member by a payment quarterly, half-yearly, or annually—there is a notice on the door that no one but members are 'allowed into the reading-room—the prisoner is not a member—I have searched the books for seven years, and cannot find his name.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that he was suspected because he was rather shabbily dressed, and that he had only gone there to see the newspapers in order to get a situation.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-239-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-239-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-239-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870131-239-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-239-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-239-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-239-18870131 t18870131-239-punishment-18"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-240">
<interp inst="t18870131-240" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-240" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-240-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-240-18870131 t18870131-240-offence-1 t18870131-240-verdict-1"/>
<p>240.
<persName id="def1-240-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-240-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18870131" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18870131" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18870131" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SMITH</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-240-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-240-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-240-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18870131-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-111" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-111" type="given" value="HUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-111" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-240-offence-1 t18870131-name-111"/>Hugh Hughes</persName>, and stealing 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., his money.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-112" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-112" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>MR. ARTHUR GILL</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-113" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-113" type="given" value="HUGH"/>HUGH HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman, of 8, Star street, "Wapping—on the evening of 17th January I was going down Old Gravel Lane—I had 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold, silver, and copper, having been paid off on Monday—four men tackled me; the prisoner was one—I pushed him down—they took 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from me, and cleared away—I went to the police-station and gave information.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-114" type="surname" value="MARRIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-114" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MARRIOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant E</hi>). On 18th January, at 10 a.m., I went to Engel Gardens, where I saw the prisoner in bed—I said "You will be charged with begin concerned with three others in stealing money from a man last night"—he said "I was at work at the docks last night"—I said "I am told you were knocked down on to your back at the time in the struggle"—I then noticed the prisoner's clothes hanging on a chair turned to the fire to dry, and they were all wet and covered with mud—I took him to the station—the prosecutor was sent for—ho was placed with eight others similar to himself, and the prose
<lb/>cutor picked him out.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310026"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that he had got his coat wet and muddy at his work in the docks.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-240-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-240-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-240-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870131-240-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-240-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-240-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-240-18870131 t18870131-240-punishment-19"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-241">
<interp inst="t18870131-241" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-241" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-241-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-241-18870131 t18870131-241-offence-1 t18870131-241-verdict-1"/>
<p>241.
<persName id="def1-241-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-241-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18870131" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18870131" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18870131" type="given" value="EBENEZER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EBENEZER BROWN</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-241-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-241-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-241-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18870131-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-116" type="surname" value="TROWBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-116" type="occupation" value="keeps a boot shop"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-241-offence-1 t18870131-name-116"/>John Trowbridge</persName>, and stealing four boots, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILMOT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-117" type="surname" value="BULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-117" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BULLEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman W</hi>). On 20th January, about 2 a.m., I was on duty in Harrow Road—I heard a smash of glass, and went in the direction—I met Ward, and asked him if he had heard the smashing; of glass—I went back with him, and found that a large pane of glass had been broken of the shop window, 41, Harrow Road, belonging to Mr. John Trowbridge, a boot maker—I saw the prisoner running away across the road from the shop 50 yards from me—he had a bundle under his arm—I ran after and stopped him—I asked what he had got under his arm—he said "Boots," and that a man had given them to him—I said he must come back with me, and we went back to the prosecutor's shop—I found half a brick lying immediately under the shop window and boots gone from the window—Ward was asked by the sergeant to accompany him to the station, and did so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You were about 60 yards from the shop when I saw you going from the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-118" type="surname" value="ORPWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-118" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ORPWOOD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 22). I was in Harrow Road on this morning, and saw the constable with the prisoner—I saw Ward standing near the shop door—he gave me his correct name and address—he was discharged by the Magistrate—the prisoner said first of all he picked the boots up, and afterwards he said he had them given to him by another man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-119" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-119" type="surname" value="TROWBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-119" type="given" value="JOIIN"/>JOIIN TROWBRIDGE</persName> </hi>. I keep a boot shop at 41, Harrow Road—about 2 o'clock I was awoke by the smashing of glass—I got up, went down and opened the street door, and found the glass in the shop window was broken—I missed four odd boots from the window—they were the boots the constable afterwards gave me—I identify them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I hope you will sentence me, and not send me for trial."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner' in his defence stated that he heard a crash, and saw a man running, who dropped something, which he picked up.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-241-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-241-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-241-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in Novem
<lb/>ber</hi>, 1884.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870131-241-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-241-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-241-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-241-18870131 t18870131-241-punishment-20"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-242">
<interp inst="t18870131-242" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-242" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-242-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-242-18870131 t18870131-242-offence-1 t18870131-242-verdict-1"/>
<p>242.
<persName id="def1-242-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-242-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-242-18870131" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-242-18870131" type="surname" value="GOODWIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-242-18870131" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR GOODWIN</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-242-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-242-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-242-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering a receipt for 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILMOT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-121" type="surname" value="LILLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-121" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS LILLEY</persName> </hi>. I am assistant at the post-office at 174, Shirland Road—on 12th January the prisoner came in and produced a deposit-book in the name of Robert Gilbert, and said he wished to withdraw 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I furnished him with this form, which he signed "Robert Gilbert" in my presence—having got that he would go to the chief office in London, and receive there a warrant for that sum—on the Friday he came back with this blue paper for 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and I paid him the money—he signed this receipt in my presence—I did not know Mr. Gillbert, and presumed the prisoner was he—I am sure the prisoner is the man who came in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-122" type="surname" value="BATTY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BATTY</persName> </hi>. I am senior clerk in the Savings Bank Department</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310027"/>
<p>of the General Post-office—I produce this document marked "A," giving notice of this withdrawal of 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the name of Robert Gilbert, and purporting to be signed by him—having received it I signed the notice of withdrawal, and it was sent off in the ordinary course.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-123" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-123" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT GILBERT</persName> </hi>. I live at 46, Osborne Road, Acton, and am a boot
<lb/>maker—the prisoner is my son-in-law—he came to stay with me from the 8th to 11th January—I had a deposit in the Post-office Savings Bank, and kept my deposit-book in the parlour on the shelf—I missed my deposit-book—I saw the prisoner on the following Saturday, and spoke to him about my loss—he said he had not seen it—I have seen the prisoner's writing—I cannot say if he signed this "Robert Gilbert"—I did not sign it—he lives at 26, Harris Street, and this is signed "Robert Gilbert, 26, Harris Street"—I live at Acton—he had no authority from me to withdraw that money—he has never paid the money over to me—I asked him about it afterwards a good many times—he said he had not had it—the police communicated with me, and I saw the prisoner the same night; he said then he had not had the money, and that he had not even had the book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-124" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-124" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL MORGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector X</hi>). On 17th January I went to 26, Harris Street, Queen's Park, where the prisoner lived, in consequence of information—I saw the prisoner there, and showed him these docu
<lb/>ments—he said he knew nothing at all about them—he took 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. out of his pocket, and put it on the table, and said "That is all I have"—I asked him what bank-books he had—he produced this one—I asked him if this was his handwriting—he said "Yes, this is my handwriting"—he handed me this Post-office Savings Bank book from among papers in a desk—I also found this pocket-book and card—I asked him whose that was—he said "That is my handwriting"—that is Mr. Goodwin's, and overleaf is Robert Goodwin—he said that was not his writing—he handed me a key of a black box locked; I opened it, and found there 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold and 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in silver—he said that was sent him by his uncle that afternoon in a letter—I took the letter; there was nothing in it about the money, and it was not a registered letter—I told him so—he said it came in another envelope, which he had burnt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I signed my name to the paper."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that his uncle had sent him the</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.;
<hi rend="italic">that he could not write, and that the people at the post-office had written his name in his own bank-book.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-242-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-242-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-242-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. He then
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in May</hi>, 1886.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870131-242-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-242-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-242-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-242-18870131 t18870131-242-punishment-21"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1887.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Baron Pollock.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-243">
<interp inst="t18870131-243" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-243" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-243-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-243-18870131 t18870131-243-offence-1 t18870131-243-verdict-1"/>
<p>243.
<hi rend="italic">In the case of</hi>
<persName id="def1-243-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-243-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18870131" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18870131" type="surname" value="MAUERBERGER"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18870131" type="given" value="ISAAC JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC JOSEPH MAUERBERGER</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-243-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-243-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-243-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>,
<hi rend="italic">indicted for feloniously sending a letter to Lord Rothschild threatening to murder him</hi> </rs>,
<rs id="t18870131-243-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-243-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-243-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="unfitToPlead"/>
<hi rend="italic">the Jury, after hearing</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-126" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-126" type="given" value="WILLIAM FRANCIS"/>MR. WILLIAM FRANCIS GILBERT</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">surgeon of Holloway Prison, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-127" type="surname" value="BLANDFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-127" type="given" value="GEORGE FIELDING"/>DR. GEORGE FIELDING BLANDFORD</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">found the prisoner insane and unfit to take his trial</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18870131-243-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-243-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-243-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-243-18870131 t18870131-243-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ordered to be detained until Her Majesty's pleasure be known.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-244">
<interp inst="t18870131-244" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-244" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-244-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-244-18870131 t18870131-244-offence-1 t18870131-244-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310028"/>
<p>244.
<persName id="def1-244-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-244-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18870131" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18870131" type="surname" value="BARROW"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18870131" type="given" value="SAMUEL HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18870131" type="occupation" value="collector of tolls in Billinsgate Market"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL HENRY BARROW</hi> (43)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<rs id="t18870131-244-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-244-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-244-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>to four indictments for embezzling various sums of money and valuable securities of the
<persName id="t18870131-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-129" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-244-offence-1 t18870131-name-129"/>Major, Commonalty, and Citizens of the City of London</persName>, also to making false entries in certain books</rs>.—
<rs id="t18870131-244-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-244-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-244-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-244-18870131 t18870131-244-punishment-23"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">There were other indictments against the prisoner. His defalcations were stated to amount to</hi> 355
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">whilst employed as collector of tolls in Billingsgate Market.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-245">
<interp inst="t18870131-245" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-245" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-245-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-245-18870131 t18870131-245-offence-1 t18870131-245-verdict-1"/>
<p>245.
<persName id="def1-245-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-245-18870131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18870131" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18870131" type="surname" value="BRITTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18870131" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA BRITTON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<rs id="t18870131-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-245-18870131 t18870131-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEAL</hi> </rs> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-245-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-245-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-245-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>was indicted for, and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18870131-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-131" type="surname" value="KENT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-131" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-245-offence-1 t18870131-name-131"/>Mary Ann Kent</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-132" type="surname" value="KENT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-132" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE KENT</persName> </hi>. I am a bricklayer, of 45, North Street, Knightsbridge—I had a child named Mary Ann about 3 years and 7 months old—my wife died on 12th September last—I had four children, Mary Ann was the youngest—I did not know the prisoner when my wife died—I knew her two or three days afterwards by her coming two or three times and wanting to have the child—she was living with a man named Neal—I was given to understand that they were married—she was living in St. Clement's Road, Notting Hill—they both took a very great fancy to the child—after two or three times coming I let the child go and live with them; that was near the 23rd of September—I know nothing of this paper (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I first saw it about ten days ago—the child was in good health as far as I could see when I parted with it; there were no marks on it—I afterwards saw the child dead—I received this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) from the prisoner by post.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You had the child before my wife went into the infirmary, but not to live with you till afterwards—we never beat the child.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-133" type="surname" value="LETHERBY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-133" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE LETHERBY</persName> </hi>. I formerly lived at 29, St. Clement's Road; the prisoner and Neal occupied the next room—they were there before me—while they were there, about a week before Christmas, I could hear the child beaten about twice a day, and the prisoner screaming and using very vile and disgusting language to it—that went on the whole time; it stopped on 15th September when I complained of its being beat—I could hear the child as though being beaten with the hand, and it was thumped on the floor and shaken about—I only heard the child just moaning as if it was gagged, as if she had her hand over her mouth to keep her from crying—about three weeks after they came there I saw a bruise on the child's arm and she seemed in pain; that was on 15th November—I told the prisoner she had better stop beating the child or I should complain to the father of the way it was being treated—she abused mo and said I could do as I liked—I did go to whore the father lived and saw his mother—the beating did not continue the following week—on one occasion, early in the morning, I heard the child being beaten very severely; I don't know what with—one day I was in her room and she took down a strap and said "I will beat you with this," and she said she had beaten her with it before—one day, the day I summoned her husband to Hammersmith for assaulting me, I saw a bruise on the child's left cheek.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The language she used to the child was very filthy, she called it a w—, a cow, a mare, and other names—it had diarrhoea</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310029"/>
<p>the first week and it certainly was very dirty, after that it appeared very clean—it was a fine healthy child when it came.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-134" type="surname" value="DONOGHUE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-134" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN DONOGHUE</persName> </hi>. I live at 57, St. Clement's Road—about three weeks before Chirstmas the prisoner Neal came to lodge there with the child in the room below—I used to hear her beat the child every morning—in the christmas week I used to hear her beat it against the boards very severely—I did not hear any language, the door used to be shut and I used to be doing my work—I heard the child cry—this went on every morning—I have been in their room—I one saw the child with a black eye; I could not say on what day; in was in the Chirstmas week—the prisoner said it had it had fallen out of the chair bedstead.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I never spoke to the prisoner about this, I had my children to look after and it slipped my memory—I don't know why the child was beaten; she said it was very dirty—she told me that once or twice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-135" type="surname" value="BRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-135" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA BRAY</persName> </hi>. I am a dressmaker, of 55, St. Clement's Road, next door to 57; I occupy the front room as a workroom—before the end of last year I heard the sound of a woman illtreating and scolding a child in the corresponding room to mine in the next house, and the child crying very much; it cried till it was completely exhausted—I could not tell whether she used anything to beat it with—I could only tell by the sounds that she was illusing it, sometimes only once in the day, some
<lb/>times more—I heard most of it in the early part of the week after Christmas Day—I could not distinguish what the woman said; it was in very cross tones.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-136" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-136" type="surname" value="GARDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-136" type="given" value="ROSINA"/>ROSINA GARDEN</persName> </hi>. I live on the top floor at 59, St. Clement's Road, next to 57—during Christmas week I heard a child being beaten next door most unmercifully, and I heard it moaning and crying it sounded as if it was beaten with a stick or sometimes twice a day—on Tuesday, the 28th, I heard the child beaten most unmercifully a few minutes after 8 o'clock in the morning, and I knocked at the wall, and the knocking was returned, and she told me to mind my own business—the beating that day continued quite half an hour; on other occasions it was only a few moments.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-137" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-137" type="given" value="JAMES DUFF"/>JAMES DUFF MILLER</persName> </hi>, M. B.,
<hi rend="italic">and Master in surgery.</hi> On Thursday, 30th December, I was called to 57, St. Clement's Road, to see this child, about four years old—she was in bed, unconscious, the pupils were dilated, the breathing very feeble and stertorous—I saw several bruises on the forehead, the left cheek, and chin; the arms were slightly swollen, the elbow a little scratched, discoloration on the left hip, bruises on the buttocks and down the thigh; the pulse very feeble—I formed the opinion that the injuries were not all accidental—I saw it again next day—I spoke to the prisoner about the injuries—she said the child had fallen about and so caused them—I was not present at the death—on 3rd January I made a post-mortem; I found the body well nourished, well developed, and strong looking—I found the marks and bruises which I have described, and a few more—on removing the scalp I found effused blood on the inner surface over the temple region; I found portions of ecchymosed blood in both hemispheres of the brain, corresponding with the external injury—the brain substance itself was quite healthy—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310030"/>
<p>cause of death was effusion of blood on the brain, caused by injury to the scalp—I cannot say positively how that was done, the probabilities are that it was not accidental, but it is possible that it was—Dr. Skelton assisted me in the post-mortem—he saw the child first, and requested me to see it with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-138" type="surname" value="SKELTON"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-138" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SKELTON</persName> </hi>, M. D. I was called on 30th December to see this child—the prisoner brought it to my place wrapped in a shawl—I asked Dr. Miller to see it with me—I quite agree with his evidence and as to the cause of death—it is difficult to say what degree of force would have caused the fatal injury to the head; a fall downstairs might have caused it, I do not think tumbling about in a room would.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-139" type="surname" value="MARKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-139" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT MARKHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant X</hi>). On Saturday, 1st January, I went to 57, St. Clement's Road, and saw the prisoner in her room—I told her I should take her into custody for causing the death of Mary Ann Kent, and I cautioned her that anything she might say would be taken down and might be used in evidence against her—she said "On Tuesday last the child Mary Ann Kent dirtied herself; I slapped her, but I have not laid my hand on her since; I am sorry for what I have done, Mr. Markham"—when the charge was read over at the station, she said "God knows I did not intend to do it; my heart was good towards the child"—I have been to the houses next door, the top rooms of 55 and 57 adjoin—I was at the police-court—I there received a letter from Kent; it was put in at the prisoner's request—she said she had written a letter to Mr. Kent informing him about the child—this is the letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "November 17th, 1886. Mr. Kent,—Having heard you was over here on Monday evening, I write in reference to your child. You know she is a very dirty child, and therefore I must correct her in a proper manner, so when she messed my clean bed I slapped her for it, then she done it again on the floor and messed all her clothes, not only once, but three or four times. On Monday morning she done it again, and I slapped her, and the woman in the next room abused me about it, and said she should fetch you over to take the child from me, as I was not a proper person to have the care of her, so you had better come and take her away. When I told her I should send her over to her father, she said 'I won't go home.' I have no more to say. With best respects to yourself and mother.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I have known the prisoner four or five years—I did not know she was taking care of the child—I saw her with it once when going to Hammersmith Police-court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-140" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-140" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-140" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN BENNETT</persName> </hi>. I am female searcher at Notting Dale Police-station—on 1st January I searched the prisoner—she was very excited—I had great difficulty in searching her—I asked her why she was so excited—she said "I beat the little child and caused its death; I was too harsh, and may God have mercy upon me"—she said the child was dirty, and had dirtied itself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners Defence.</hi> I can only say I never beat the child hard enough to cause its death; I should be very sorry to do such a thing. I had the mother's blessing with it, and did my duty as far as it lay in my power. She was a good little thing, and the very morning it had the fit she was singing about the room.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18870131-245-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-245-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-245-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18870131-245-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-245-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-245-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-245-18870131 t18870131-245-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Months' Hard Labour</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-246">
<interp inst="t18870131-246" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-246" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-246-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-246-18870131 t18870131-246-offence-1 t18870131-246-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310031"/>
<p>246.
<persName id="def1-246-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-246-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18870131" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18870131" type="surname" value="SIMMEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18870131" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18870131" type="occupation" value="manager at boot shop"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SIMMEN</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-246-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-246-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-246-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, feloniously setting fire to certain matters and things in a house belonging to
<persName id="t18870131-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-142" type="surname" value="LILLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-142" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-142" type="occupation" value="boot manufacturer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-246-offence-1 t18870131-name-142"/>Thomas Lilley</persName> and another, with intent to injure and defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> gill prosecuted;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-143" type="surname" value="APPLETON"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-143" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD APPLETON</persName> </hi>. I am the manager of Messrs. Lilley and Skinner's retail branch business, boot manufacturers, at Paddington—the prisoner was manager of our branch at 347, goswell road for six or seven years—he lived on the premises with his wife—some months ago he gave way to intemperance—early last December his wife died—he had not then died he had not then received notice to go, but had been allowed to continue manager on account of his wife's illness—after his wife's death I went to him and gave him notice—that was one or two weeks before Christmas—I found the shop in an upset condition—I was vexed at its being so, and I said our firm had decided not to put up with it any longer, and he must make arrangements to leave; that in consideration of his wife's death we should show him every leniency, and he must let me know when he could get out of the premises—the arrangement come to was that he should go out on Wednesday, 29th December—he wrote to me the week before Christmas, but he did not speak to me about his furniture—he was supplied with the ordinary stock—a balance-sheet was furnished every week, which came into my hands—I produce the prisoner's statement of goods and cash to 17th December, which shows the balance of stock in his possession to be 816
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the next account ought to have been furnished on the 28th December—the longer interval would be on account of Christmas—he was to give up possession on the 29th Mr. Hann was appointed to succeed him—arrangements were made to take stock on 29th December—there is a basement beneath the shop with trap-doors, one near the front and one near the back of the shop, 12 or 14 feet from the front door—there are two gas-meters, one for the house and one for the shop, nearly under the front trap—a wall in the basement is partly broken away—the house-meter was the prisoner's—I went to Hornsey on 1st January and saw some furniture—a servant handed me 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the day after the fire I looked through the house; I did not see any furniture—I saw that the fire had been right underneath the trap at the rear of the shop—you could not get under
<lb/>neath from the place of the fire to the gas-meters, because the space was blocked with packing cases.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were sweepings or the shop below—the cellar was the proper plane for the packing cases—I have been over the shop far more than a dozen times in nearly four years—I cannot speak to difference in size of the trap-doors—the shop floor is covered with kamp
<lb/>tulicon, in which a slit is cut for the trap-doors to be raised—I am looking at an account made by a clerk—I Have not referred to it in my examination—the prisoner could not go through the stock every week—the last stock-taking was over a year ago—in the weekly account to us the prisoner would take the statement of stock to balance the preceding week, taking credit for what he had sold and charging himself with what he had—further stock required would be sent from the manufactory at paddington by carrier—a warehouse clerk would make out the invoice—we had once employed a man named horn—the invoices sometimes did not arrive with the folds I cannot say as a rule—the prisoner has waited two or three days for an invoice, but</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310032"/>
<p>not as a rule; not frequently—Horn was a ledger-clerk—he left on his own accord through illhealth three to four months ago—we have a great number of shops in London—it is not a rule for our shop managers to be behind in their accounts—many robberies take place from the shop—the prisoner has prosecuted persons for stealing from the shop—Thompson and Strange are connected with our business—I do not know that they visited the prisoner at the request of our firm.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The robberies were of goods exposed—the return pro duced. is a return of the sales each day, with the wages and other expenses—it is made week by week—the prisoner has not complained of any one defrauding him by not sending the stock in, nor of a quantity of stock being stolen from the place—he has only complained about the pilfering.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-144" type="surname" value="HANN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-144" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HANN</persName> </hi>. I am manager of Messrs. Lilly and Skinner's shop in Goswell Road—on the afternoon of 29th December I went to that shop to take over the stock left by the prisoner—I knew nothing of the fire—I went through the stock with Mortimer and Bradnam, and put it down—I cannot tell the amount apart from the book debts—Bradnam called out, and I took it down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw no books there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-145" type="surname" value="MORTIMER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-145" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK MORTIMER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Messrs. Lilly and Skinner—on 29th December I assisted Hann and Bradnam to take stock—I examined each pair of boots, and the prices were marked on the soles—I entered them in the book produced—the value of stock without book debts is 551
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-146" type="surname" value="KILMINSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-146" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>THOMAS WILLIAM KILMINSTER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Messrs. Lilly and Skinner—on 24th December I called on the prisoner at the shop in Goswell Road—I asked him for his cash; he said he had not got it—I said, "Send it down the first thing Tuesday morning," that is follow. ing Christmas—he said it was at his own house at Hornsey, that he had moved the night before and had taken the cash with him, as it would not be safe in the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-147" type="surname" value="APPLETON"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-147" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD APPLETON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The cash was not sent on the Tuesday morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Further cross-examined.</hi> I have spoken to Jane Downing—I went to her with an inspector—I did not tell her I had come for the money found in the prisoner's pocket—I did not hear the inspector say that the prisoner gave me 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—that was the money found in his pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-148" type="surname" value="SNELLING"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-148" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN SNELLING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 284). A few minutes past 12 on the 28-29th December I was on duty in the Goswell Road—I saw smoke issuing from between the shutters of No. 347—I went down the passage to the back door, which I found open; I entered, and found the prisoner standing at the back of the shop—not knowing his name I said, "Mr. Lilly, do you know your house is on fire?"—he said, "No, where?"—I then proceeded to extinguish the fire—smoke was issuing from beneath the trap-door in the back of the shop; the prisoner was about three feet from it; he had his great-coat and hat on—Bonner came in afterwards, and we extinguished the fire by hand-grenades—I tried to get the flap up, but was unsuccessful; there was no ring, there was the place where the ring had been broken off—I blew my whistle, and Constable 182 came in response; I sent him for the fire-engines—I smelled the smoke, which was very dense—I saw the trap-door opened—underneath it were</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310033"/>
<p>several feet of paper, straw, and wood from broken boxes—this is a sample of the wood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>, The Red Lion public-house would be 12 to 15 yards from the back door, and in St. John Street Road—the night was slightly hazy—the hand-grenades were in the back of the shop in a wire rack; there were three—the trap-door was prized up with an axe—there was a desk about six feet from where the prisoner was standing; a few loose papers were on the desk—the prisoner was standing—he was not very drunk, he was not sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>, I saw the smoke coming from the front.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-149" type="surname" value="BONNER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-149" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BONNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector G</hi>). On 29th December I went this shop about 12.5, having seen smoke issuing from the shutters and heard the alarm of fire—I saw the prisoner with Snelling—I said, "Where is the fire?"—the smoke was so. dense I could not see it—the prisoner said, "There is no fire, you are making a fuss about nothing, there is nothing"—I saw the trap and said, "Where is the fire?"—he said, "It is in the basement"—I then noticed a slight fire through the cracks of a trap-door—Snelling handed me three hand-grenades, which I broke on the trap—the prisoner was still standing by the side of me—there was a great smell of gas—the smoke became so dense I was obliged to leave—Inspector Burnham came up—after the fire-engines had arrived I examined the premises with the engineer—on the staircase I found the small lead gas-pipes were cut—Burnham questioned the prisoner, who said he had cut them, and when asked if anybody else was there said, "I do not wish to get anybody else into trouble"—there was one light in the shop—the prisoner was afterwards taken to the station—the trap I saw was in the center of the shop—underneath was a deep cellar filled with rubbish, card boxes, and that sort of thing—the prisoner had on a tall hat and a long, thick Ulster coat, being dressed about the same as he is now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was one gas-burner alight in the shop, very low down—I did not hear every word of the conversation with Purnham—the prisoner was asked why he cut the gas-pipes—there are two meters, one for the shop and the other for the upper part of the house where the prisoner had been living—the gas-pipes have been flattened as if to prevent the gas from escaping—I heard the prisoner say to Burnham that he had used some of the
<hi rend="italic">governor's</hi> gas upstairs—I saw some of the rubber tube which had been used—I had no reason to doubt the prisoner's story—Burnham and I had to pull the prisoner out of the shop—I am quite sure the prisoner had been drinking, he was certainly dazed, drunk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-150" type="surname" value="BURNHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-150" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BURNHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector G</hi>). I examined the shop and shutters a little after 12 o'clock on the 29th—I went in at the side door—I found Bonner, the prisoner, and Snelling there—the shop was full of smoke, suffocating—I also smelled a strong smell of gas—I brought the prisoner out, and advised the others to come out; they were nearly suffocated—I heard a dog bark upstairs, and went up—the dog would not allow me to touch it, and I got another man to go up, who brought the dog down—fire-engines arrived—I afterwards looked at the cellar underneath the trap-door at the back part of the shop—I saw a quantity of packing-cases—I produce a piece of the charred wood of the packing-cases—I asked the prisoner several times where the gas-meter was;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310034"/>
<p>I wished to turn the gas off as I was afraid of an explosion—I went along on my hands and knees and tried to find the meter, but could not find it, and had to return, the smoke was so dense—I afterwards examined the house—Bonner called my attention to the piping being broken and the gas escaping—portions of the pipe were missing—I asked the prisoner if he could account for the fire—he said, "I cannot"—I asked him if he could account for the gas-piping being" cut—he said, "Yes, I cut it"—I asked him why he cut it—he said, "Because I have been using some of the gas supplied by the
<hi rend="italic">governor</hi> for my private use, and as I was going away I cut it off"—I asked him if any one was there with him—he said another man was there—I asked him who he was—he said he did not wish to get anybody into trouble—I found these three pieces of gas-piping—the gas-piping had been pinched together—the pipe ran from Sir. Lilly's gas-meter—I also found 18
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., which the prisoner said belonged to the firm, and 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. his own money, which was given up to him, and with his sanction the firm's money was given up to the firm.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>, I know the Red Lion—I made the plan produced—by the side of the shop there is a public passage—there is a back entrance leading to the Red Lion, which was very much used—the public-house closes at 12.30 on a week day—the prisoner was drunk and confused.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The plan is a quarter of an inch to a foot—roughly I should say it would be about 10 feet between the passage and where the fire was—there is no means by which a person outside in the passage can put a lighted substance into the shop—the whole of the cellar was blocked up with packing-cases—you could not get down without pulling out the burning ones—the handle of the trap-door looked as if it had been broken for years—it was prized up—we had to use a fireman's axe—it was easily prized.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-151" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-151" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HARMAN</persName> </hi>. I am engineer at the Paddington Fire Brigade Station—about 12.24 on 29th December I received a call, and went to this shop in the Goswell Road—I found the smoke very dense—I could see the fire was somewhere under the floor—I closed the door, got a hand pump and buckets, and the fire was put out—I afterwards examined the cellar, and was shown another trap-door into the cellar—there were no steps leading down the trap-door where the fire was—I did not go through the other trap-door; the firemen did—I did not find the trap
<lb/>door difficult to open—the man who was with me lifted it up with his fingers—I saw a piece of flexible tubing in the back room on the first floor hanging to the gasalier—from the outer court to where the fire was it would be about nine feet—there was no fire in that space of nine feet—the fire was immediately under the hatchway—I lilted some of the wood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There would be a drop of about five feet into the cellar—you would not require a ladder when the boxes were there, as you would have two feet less.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-152" type="surname" value="CHAMBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-152" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CHAMBURY</persName> </hi>. I am an errand boy at 347, Goswell Road—I had been there for some time before Christmas—the trap-door at the back of the shop was opened for putting things into it every morning when we were cleaning up the shop—there were no steps into it—if we wanted to go to the gas meter we would go down by the other trap-door near the front of the shop—on the 28th December the shop was shut between</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310035"/>
<p>9.30 and 10 p.m.—the prisoner was not there then—I saw him in the morning, and I did not see him till I went up and fetched him from the public-house—when I fastened the shop up I went to the Red Lion to tell him—he went back with me to the shop—he used to keep the key of the side door; he told me he had left it in his coat pocket, and he could not get it—I went and asked the people next door if they would let me go up their steps, and on their roof, and I did, and went over the roof, and got on the top of our roof, and opened the door—then I was on the top of our staircase, and I came down and let him in—I smelt the gas escaping—I told the prisoner I smelt the gas, and he said he would have to go down in the cellar and torn it off at the main—I told him it was on the staircase—I then left him at the side door—that was about 9.40—during the day I had noticed that a piece of the pipe was broken off—I bit it with my teeth so as to close it—the prisoner was not there then—I saw the gas-pipe in the same same condition when I came down the stairs—I did not tell the prisoner I had been to the pipe to close it up—I spoke to Bradnam about it—he sent me for a plumber.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was in the afternoon when I saw the pipe was broken—between 2 and 3 o'clock—I was not about the shop all day—I was in and out of the warehouse.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-153" type="surname" value="BRADNAM"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-153" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BRADNAM</persName> </hi>. I had been at this shop some days in December—I was sent from another shop—before the 28th December the prisoner had been drinking—on the 28th the prisoner was not there during the day; I do not know where he was—Chambury called my attention to the gas. pipe being broken—I told him to go for a plumber—I did not speak to the prisoner about it—when I shut up the shop at night I sent the boy to fetch the prisoner—I assisted in taking the stock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-246-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-246-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-246-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Jury strongly recommended him to mercy on account of his trouble, his previous good character, and his unfortunate habit of intemperance.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">said that he held a petition from about 45 trades people in the neighbourhood testifying to the prisoner's good character, and saying they thought he was out of his mind at the time on account of trouble, he also stated that when the prisoner was at Holloway he had to be kept in a room.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18870131-246-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-246-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-246-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-246-18870131 t18870131-246-punishment-25"/>Ten Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday and Thursday, February</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd and</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1887.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-247">
<interp inst="t18870131-247" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-247" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-247-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-247-18870131 t18870131-247-offence-1 t18870131-247-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-247-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-247-18870131 t18870131-247-offence-1 t18870131-247-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-247-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-247-18870131 t18870131-247-offence-1 t18870131-247-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-247-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-247-18870131 t18870131-247-offence-1 t18870131-247-verdict-1"/>
<p>247.
<persName id="def1-247-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-247-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18870131" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18870131" type="surname" value="MAUCHLINE"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18870131" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES MAUCHLINE</hi> (33)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-247-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-247-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-247-18870131" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def2-247-18870131" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-247-18870131" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID DAY</hi> (32)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-247-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-247-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-247-18870131" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def3-247-18870131" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="def3-247-18870131" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED DAY</hi> (42)</persName>, and
<persName id="def4-247-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-247-18870131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-247-18870131" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def4-247-18870131" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="def4-247-18870131" type="given" value="HENRY REUBEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY REUBEN DAY</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-247-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-247-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-247-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully conspiring to defraud the
<persName id="t18870131-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-158" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18870131-247-offence-1 t18870131-name-158"/>Great Northern Railway Company</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners, by the advice of their Counsel, declined to plead to the indict' ment, upon which the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ordered pleas of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18870131-247-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-247-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-247-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">to be entered for them.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Mauchline</hi>,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for David Day</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Alfred Day, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Henry Reuben Day.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-159" type="surname" value="STOCKER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-159" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES STOCKER</persName> </hi>. I live at 32, Palmerston Road, and have been in the service of the Great Northern Railway 17 years last November—I was 10 years ticket-collector at Finsbury Park—I first made Alfred Day's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310036"/>
<p>acquaintance five years ago, at Doncaster races, in September—he came to me at the barrier at Finsbury Park Station, asked me to have a drink, and I went with him to Finsbury Park Tavern; we had a chat there and he said "I am going to Doncaster races to-morrow, can you give me a few tickets to come back with, all you can get?"—I said I would try, and we arranged to meet there the next night—we did so, and I gave him 10 or 12 tickets from Doncaster to King's Cross which had been used that day—it is my duty when I collect tickets to cancel them and send them to the audit office at King's Cross—that is the invariable custom all over the line—Alfred Day gave me a sovereign, and said that he could always do with a few when there was a race meeting on our line—I said "I will see what I can do"—between September, 1881, and the following spring I saw him continually there or at other places in the neighbourhood, and tickets sometimes passed for small meetings—in 1882 I gave him tickets several times both for Huntingdon and Doncaster, which are both on our line—30 or 40 of the tickets were for Doncaster—the same thing continued up to the end of 1885—I made David Day's acquaintance a year after his brother's—he came to me at the station and asked me to go and have a drink—we went to the Blackstock public-house, close by Finsbury Park—he said he was going to Doncaster races; it was in September, and he said "Will you give me some tickets? you have got some for
<hi rend="italic">Alf"</hi>—I said "I will try"—I met him at the Clarence, Seven Sisters Road, on the Monday night before Doncaster races, which begin on Tuesday—I took with me 10 or 12 spent tickets which I had collected that day—he asked me how many I had got, and I handed them to him, and he gave me a sovereign—I saw him several times after that, year by year, and supplied him with one or two tickets for some racing places on our line—I have seen Alfred and David frequently together up to 1886, sometimes two or three times a week, and then not again for a month—they have been together when I have given tickets to one of them—I have known Henry, or
<hi rend="italic">Farmer</hi> Day about four years—he came to me in the Clarence alone one afternoon and asked me to have a drink, and said he had got some friends coming from Leeds, and could I get him some tickets for them to come up with; he did not mention any names—I knew him before by seeing him with his brothers, and knew he was one of the Days, but he had not been present before when I handed anything to the Days—I got him two return half tickets from Doncaster to Finsbury Park—from that time year by year I have continued to give him tickets for the race meetings over our line, about 100 or more each year—on 23rd March, 1886, I saw Alfred Day in a public-house in Finsbury Park; he asked me for some tickets from Lincoln, and I got him five or six return halves from Lincoln to King's Cross, for which he gave me 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I next saw him at his house by appointment on 19th or 20th August, the Sunday before York races, and he said he was going to York for a week's holiday, and asked me to get him all the tickets I could—I gave him about thirty spent tickets available from York to King's Cross, and on the following Sunday morning he gave me three sovereigns—prior to the Doncaster meeting in September, on Monday the 13th, he came to my house and brought a fowl for my wife and said he was going down to Doncaster and I was to save all I could and meet him on the St. Leger night at the Earl of Essex—I did so, and gave him about thirty tickets from Doncaster to King's Cross—an appointment was then made</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310037"/>
<p>to meet on the next night, and I did so—his brother David was with him then—he said he had got no money for me, and made an appointment to meet me at his house the next Sunday morning—I went and found him alone in his front room, and he gave me two sovereigns—I again saw him about 29th September at the station—he asked me to go and have a drink, and we went to the Earl of Essex—I handed him two tickets available from Cambridge—I gave no more to Alfred after that—in 1886, about a week before the Stockton races, David Day came to me at the barrier at Finsbury Park Station, and drink—I went with him and he said he was going to Stockton, and nipped ones would do—tickers that I collected at Finsbury Park which were legitimately handed up would probably be snipped with a machine before they into York Station—a ticker collector goes along a platform and snips the tickers and then there is no more snipping until you get to Finsbury Park, but they sometimes look at them on the road—he would satisfy the officer at York by producing the ticker from Stockton to York—these are tourists' tickers, they last from 1st May to 31st December—I gave him seven or eight tickers from York to London—about the time of the St. Leger meeting last lest year I saw
<hi rend="italic">farmer</hi> Day—I had received a letter from him asking me to meet him on the St. Leger night at Pool's Park Tavern, leading out of the Seven Sisters Road, and I was to give him all the tickers I could, from Doncaster to London—I met him on the 15th and gave him about twenty tickets from Doncaster to London and he said he would forward the money to me next day—he said he was going to Doncaster and would order for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and cashed and signed it now appears at the Finsbury park Post-office—it was sent in a letter with just a piece of paper saying "I send you what I promised. H Day"—about 12th October I received a registered letter from him from Edinburgh—I had not seen him in London prior to that—I have destroyed it—it asked me to do something, and after I had received it on 12th October I sent a registered letter to him—in his letter was enclosed a canvas envelope ready addressed to Henry Day, care of miss Thompson, somewhere in Edinburgh—I put in it some return tickers from York to London, and registered it at the Finsbury Park Post-office—there was no transaction with
<hi rend="italic">farmer</hi> Day after that—on 16th October I was away at St. Note's on leave—Alfred Day had promised to meet me before he went away and give me some Note's, and I received back therewith this postal order for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. payable to Mr. Stocker—Mauchline was a railway policeman at Finsbury Park, and occasionally tickets—he was there five or six years, and left in September, 1886—I have been with him and Alfred Day together to Finsbury Park Tavern, and also to the public-house opposite—he knew David Day, and with both of them, but I only saw him once in company with
<hi rend="italic">farmer</hi> Day—we call these tickers "Briefs" and "York
<lb/>shire Hams"—a person using the York tickets which were sent to Edinburgh would have to take a ticket from Edinburgh to York, and then ho would have the other ticket in his pocket—a tourist's ticket could be used all the way back from Edinburgh.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310038"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. I am sure I have seen Mauchline in the company of the others—he is a most respectable man as far as I know.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. During the season there are a great many race meetings on our line, and I know a lot of the persons who travel year by year to those race meetings—I spoke sometimes to others besides those in the dock—a return ticket beyond 50 miles is avail. able for a month—the tickets I speak about are for a month—the public. houses in which I was with David Day are all close to Finsbury Park Station, being a ticket collector I cannot go far away—money is some
<lb/>times left with the landlords by passengers fur the ticket collector to have a drink if we cannot get away—I have a bet on races occasionally, and I have
<hi rend="italic">tips</hi> now and then by persons travelling on the line, and then I have a drink with them—I don't mean that all the persons travelling on the line are defrauding the Company of tickets—these are the only persons to whom I sold tickets; I am sure of that—race meetings occur on our line sometimes twice a week, and sometimes there is a month between—Scarborough and York are in the same week—I have drunk with David Day in various public-houses in the neighbourhood of the station—seven or eight times in a year.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. It is true that I have been systemati
<lb/>cally stealing these tickets from my employers—these return halves of tourist tickets enable a passenger to come from some distant place to London—he would have to pay the full single fare to the place before he could use them—cheap excursion tickets are only issued to Doncaster and Huntingdon; they are the same price as the full single fare—tourists' tickets are not always clipped when they are given up at Doncaster; for instance, they never cancel the tickets before leaving, nor on the way—I was not taken in custody; Detective Rogers told me I was to go with a clerk from Mr. Parish's office to King's Cross, and I was detained there six hours as a prisoner—I was told some people were in custody, and what their names were, but I did not make a statement for some time—I was told that I was to stop till Mr. Parish came home—I then made a statement, and I was released, and taken as a witness—I also stole excursion tickets from Doncaster in the race weeks; they had not been clipped—I can't say whether there is any person here who can show me one of the tickets which I stole—a man could not use 20 tickets himself on a return journey—my wife had just been confined when Alfred Day gave me the fowl—it was on a Monday; he brought it himself—I knew he was employed at the poultry market—that was the only occasion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. I know a man named Manley—during the six hours I was under arrest I was told that he had made a statement—that was before I made mine—I met
<hi rend="italic">Farmer</hi> Day first at the Clarence, Seven Sisters Road, four or five years ago in April or May—that was the first time I had any dealings with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was constantly seeing Alfred at Finsbury Park—during my wife's illness she was attended by a Mrs. Hipkins, the wife of a collector, who used to be on the line—I have received many money payments from Alfred Day in addition to the fowl.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-160" type="surname" value="MANLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-160" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY MANLEY</persName> </hi>. I have been 11 years ticket collector at the Great Northern Railway, and am still in the service—in March, 1886, about the time of the Lincoln Spring Meeting, I was stationed at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310039"/>
<p>Rinsbury Park, and Mauchline asked me if I could get any return tickets available for Lincoln, as he knew a customer who he should be able to dispose of them to—tickets used by passengers coming from Lincoln would come into my possession—I gave aim four or five returned half tickets which had been used from Lincoln—he did not give me any money then, but said he would see me later on, and two or three days afterwards he gave me a half-crown or three shillings—he after
<lb/>wards asked me if I could get any tourist tickets available for long journeys from any part of the line. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected to this evidence, contending that the tickets must be produced. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECOBDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">admitted the evidence, but took a note of the objection.</hi>) I collected tickets from passengers seated in trains from Manchester, York, Leeds, and Scotland, and handed them to Mauchline; it may have been four or five at a time, and it may have been 10—I may have given him 80 or 40 in May and June, 1886—I gave him 130 or 140 tickets in the summer of 1886, up to the time he left—he sometimes game me five shillings for them and sometimes half-a-sovereign—he gave me altogether about 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the 130 or 140 tickets—he used sometimes to collect tickets himself—I first knew Alfred and David Day about two months before Mauchline left—I saw them at a public-house opposite the station before the Doncaster meeting, and Mauchline said of David Day "This is the old friend who has the
<hi rend="italic">briefs,"</hi> which means used tickets—David Day did not speak to me then, but afterwards at a public-house he asked me if I could get some tickets available for different parts of the line—I said that I would do so—that was while Mauchline was away for a holiday—I gave David Day 20 or 30 tickets in September, the Doncaster week, available for Doncaster—Mauchline had then left the service—about that time David Day asked me where Mauchline was—I told him he was on leave—he said "Give him that; he will know what it is for,' and gave me a sovereign—I also got a sovereign from him in Doncaster week after the 20 tickets were given—on 16th September I saw David on the main line departure platform—we went into the lavatory, and I handed him the 20 or 30 tickets—he made an appointment with me to meet him that night at the Earl of Essex—I did so, and found Alfred and David there and Stocker, but I did not speak to them—I saw David next morning, and went to the lavatory with him—he asked me why I did not meet him the night before—I said that I saw Stocker with him—he said 11 He was supplying my brother Alfred with
<hi rend="italic">briefs</hi>," or
<hi rend="italic">"Yorkshire hams"</hi>—I handed him 10 or 12 used tickets from various parts, and some from Doncaster—he gave me a sovereign—about a week afterwards David asked me if I would get any tickets available for Edinburgh, at he was going to the Scotch meeting—I said that I did not think I could, as they were generally cancelled, but I gave him four or five for York—about a week afterwards Alfred Day came through the barrier at Finsbury Park Station—he made a motion to me to come and have a drink, and we went to Finsbury Park Tavern—he said "I have got a letter from my brother, asking me to ask you if you have any tickets available for Edinburgh?"—I told him I had not, but handed him four or five available for York—he said "Don't you tell my brother I have had these tickets," and then he said "I am employed in the market, and I can always make things right with you; at any time if you have a few tickets I can get rid of them"—about 10 days after that I saw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310040"/>
<p>Alfred at the railway station, and gave him two or three tickets which I had collected from passengers—on a Friday in October, when I was on my holiday, I went to Farringdon poultry market, and found Alfred Day at Brooks and Co.'s stall—he said "What are you going to have?"—I asked him how fowls were—he said "You had better have a pair and there will be five shillings off the account," meaning the ticket account, but there was no account between us—I took the two fowls, and was to meet him the following Tuesday at Finsbury Park Tavern to see if I had any tickets for him—I went, but he was not there, and I did not see him afterwards—before that Alfred said "I have noticed Great Northern detectives hanging about, and I think we are watched"—I said "I don't think so"—he said that he was at Brooks's—I did not know that it was Russell and Brooks till I saw the stall, before I got the fowls—I wrote this down in Alfred's presence: "Russell and Brooks, 314"—that is the number of the stall where he gave me the fowls.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. I have only been stealing these tickets for six or eight months, not for several years—my wages are 23
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—Alfred Day lives at Finsbury—I got the fowls from him on a Friday morning in September, after the Doncaster meeting—he said would be 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. off the account, not 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. I had known Mauchline three or four years when he made this proposal, but not intimately—I did not know where he lived till I was shifted to Finsbury Park—we were always good friends—up to the time I had the first communication with Mauchline I was a thoroughly honest man; he suddenly came to me and without any preface made a suggestion that I should steal tickets, and I said "I will see what I can do"—I cannot mention the name of any human being who was present when the money was paid, or who can corroborate me when I had dealings with Mauchline.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-161" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-161" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM NEWTON</persName> </hi>. I live at Palmerston Road, Finsbury Park—I have been in the service of the Great Northern Railway since 1874—I was ticket collector at Finsbury Park in 1881—I made Alfred Day's acquaintance at the time of the Doncaster September meeting of 1881—he was hanging about the station, and asked me several times to give him exhausted tickets which I had collected from passengers; I refused to do so—he asked me several times to have some drink, and I refused—in consequence of his speaking to me I applied to the Company to remove me from the station, and they sent me to Lincoln, where I remained till 1885, when I was removed back to Finsbury Park—I left in 1882—before I left, Mauchline was in the Company's service as a policeman, and I had seen him with Alfred Day and with several of the collectors—I came back in November, 1885—in the early part of 1886 I saw Alfred Day at Finsbury Park—he asked me if I would give him some tickets, but I refused to have anything to do with him—he came to me several times in 1886; he came just before the St. Leger week and asked me to give him some tickets—he said that he was in very poor circumstances and things had gone wrong at home, and asked me to get him some tickets from Doncaster to London on Wednesday night, as he was going down there, and he could make a good bit of money and put things right at home—I refused—he asked me to meet him at Finsbury Park Tavern at 9 o'clock on "Wednesday night, but I did not go—as I went off duty that night at 11.20 I found him standing at the corner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310041"/>
<p>opposite the station—collector Bowen and Fordham were with me—he stopped me and told me I had not kept the appointment at 9 o'clock; I told him I did not intend to—he said again "I am in very poor circum
<lb/>stances, and I want to get down to Doncaster on Wednesday night"—I then gave him two return halves from Doncaster to King's Cross—I got no money, but he said he would see me all right—I have since seen him several times outside the station but have kept out of his way—I have never received any money or present from him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. I stole the two half-tickets for Don
<lb/>caster belonging to my employers and gave them to Alfred Day for nothing, because I was afraid of him—I suppose he would pay his fare there—the return ticket is one fare on the St. Leger day, and if he paid his fare there the return ticket would be the same price, and bring him back—the first time I mentioned his name to any of the officials was the night he was apprehended, although he had asked me for tickets over and over again, and I had got shifted to another place—I do not know that he has been fifteen years in the same employment, Messrs. Russell and Roach, but I know he was employed in the market—I do not know that he has been employed there since he has been out on bail.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. I have known Mauchline since I went to Finsbury Park in 1881; all I know of him is seeing Alfred Day speak to him and the other collectors.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> After I had taken the tickets I ran across to the Black
<lb/>stock to get a glass of beer, and I had the tickets in my pocket which I gave to Alfred Day—I did not take them there for the purpose of giving them away; I simply yielded to his solicitation—it was in consequence of his asking; me for tickets in 1882 that I asked to be moved away—I applied to go back, but not to Finsbury Park, and after I came back there I was solicited again—I was afraid of him, because there was him and a gang of betting men, and it would not have been safe for me to go about—the tickets were dated for Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday—the return tickets at a single fare can be used either on Wednesday or Friday, but these halves could only be used on the Friday night—they could be used to bring up another passenger on Friday.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-162" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-162" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HOLMES</persName> </hi>. I have been 14 years in the service of the Great Northern Railway, as lad, porter, and collector—I have been collector seven or eight years—I went to Finsbury Park in 1881, and lodged with a fore
<lb/>man named Monnington, who went out of his mind—in August, 1882, I gave Monnington three or four tickets from York, which had been given up to me by passengers—shortly afterwards I saw David Day at the box at the bottom of the subway at Finsbury Park Station—he brought me a note from Monnington, which is torn up; it was in Monnington's writing, asking me if I had any tickets—I said to David Day "I don't think it is right that he should ask me for tickets like that"—David said "It is all right, no one will know anything about it; will you meet me at the Black
<lb/>stock in the evening?"—I said "I will see whether I can come at 9.15," and I did so, and took him three or four used tickets from York, which had been delivered up by passengers—two or three weeks afterwards, about 5.30 a.m., I saw Alfred Day at the barrier going away by train; he asked me if I could get him a few long journey tickets—I said "No, I shall not lay myself open to get into trouble"—he said "You have served my brother David, why can't you serve us both alike?"—I said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310042"/>
<p>"I shall not lay myself open to any thing more"—he said "I hope bad luck will come to you"—at the time of the Lincoln race meeting in March, 1883, David Day asked me if it was any good asking me again for a few long journey tickets for the Lincoln Handicap—I said "No, I shall not do any such thing any more"—I was paid no money at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. I stole the tickets I gave to David—that was in 1882, and about a fortnight afterwards Alfred asked me for tickets—I first mentioned Alfred's name in this matter after he was charged—I did not know anything about it before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-163" type="surname" value="WILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-163" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WILLS</persName> </hi>. I am a passenger guard on the Great Northern Railway—I commenced as ticket collector in January, 1881—I was then living with Monnington—I became acquainted with David and Alfred Day at Finsbury Park some months after I was there—they asked me if I would go and take a glass of ale with them, and I went to the Clarence and had one, and then Alfred asked me if I would get him a few returned halves as he was going to some races, and I said no, I could not—he said it would be all right, and I replied that I could not do it, as I should lose my situation through it, and he never asked me again—I have met him accidentally once or twice since then, and he has asked me to have a glass of ale with him—I became guard in 1882; he only spoke to me about tickets once.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. My evidence was taken a week last Thursday—I then remembered I had had a glass of ale with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-164" type="surname" value="PROSSER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-164" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PROSSER</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Gow, of Honey Lane Poultry Market, Cheapside—I know Alfred Day; he was a fellow-servant of mine at Mr. Gow's—he entered that service 10 years ago, and was there about four years; he left over five years ago—twice during that time I saw him with some railway tickets in his possession—I know the other Days by sight, by seeing them visiting their brother at my master's, and once I saw Alfred give a ticket to one of his brothers—I have never purchased any railway tickets from him, and have never had any talk with him or his brothers about them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. This may have been ten years ago; I can't tell you what month it was in—I saw him take the ticket out of an envelope and go outside and give it to his brother—they took my state
<lb/>ment just before Christmas.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was in their service before he came—I cannot say how soon it was after he came into the service that I saw him give his brother a ticket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-165" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-165" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SHAW</persName> </hi>. I am barman to Mr. Collins, the proprietor of the Earl of Essex Arms, close by Finsbury Park Station—I know David and Alfred Day, but not the other Day, they are frequenters of that house, I serve them frequently—I have seen them come in and out together, and Stocker has come in and joined them—Alfred Day has also come to the bar and asked me if the railway collector has been in, because he wanted to see him, and then he has waited and Stocker has come in, and I have seen them talking together—I saw Alfred Day after this case was started at the police-court, coming out of our place—I shook hands with him and said "I hope you will get on all right with your case"—he said "Yes, I think I shall get off"—I made a statement to Mr. Parish which I do not think was taken down—I do</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310043"/>
<p>not remember all the conversation that took place with Alfred—he did not say a word about his brother.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-166" type="surname" value="WEIR"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-166" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA WEIR</persName> </hi>. I live at 9, Greenside Place, Leith Walk, Edinburgh, and am in partnership with Mrs. Turner, who keeps a lodging-house there—I have known Henry and David Day about two years, and Henry has stopped at our house, and David visited him there on several occa
<lb/>sions—about 2nd October last, the day of Musselburgh Races, Henry Day came with three other persons, not the defendants, and engaged a room and remained one week—Henry Day asked me if a registered letter came, to keep it and give it to him privately and not let the others see it—a registered letter was delivered to me in the morning—it was addressed to "H. Day: Turners, 9, Greenside Place"—I receipted it and gave it to him—it was rather bulky—I have heard them converse about betting matters, and took them to be betting men.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. He has called at our house before, but he was by himself then, and he has had letters there before—he has always conducted himself well.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-167" type="surname" value="HIPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-167" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HIPKINS</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of Amelia Hipkins—I was employed at Finsbury Park Station as a ticket collector, I left in Feb., 1881—I knew Alfred Day before I left—Mauchline was in the service at the same time as I was—I continued to reside in the neighbourhood after I left—I know Stocker, we lived close together—my wife is a monthly nurse, and two or three months back she was at Stocker's—while I was in the service Alfred Day asked me to supply him with tickets which I had collected from passengers—I did so once or twice—I had no transac
<lb/>tion with David.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. It was over six years ago—I have been away six years—I had collected tickets—I got money and drink from them. but I can't tell you what—I don't know where they were to—I was discharged from the service, being charged with receiving excess fares and not accounting for them—Mr. Parish took my statement after these men were in custody—I don't want to get back into the Company's service; I am doing brewers' dray work now—Rogers, the detective, came to me first, and then Mr. Parish.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was discharged in consequence of my being suspected.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-168" type="surname" value="HIPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-168" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>AMELIA HIPKINS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness, and am a monthly nurse—two or three months ago I attended Mrs. Stocker in her confine
<lb/>ment—while I was there I opened the door once to Alfred Day; he had a small fish-basket, and asked for Mr. Stocker, who was lying down—I called him, he came down, and Alfred Day gave him a small fowl—I had not seen Alfred Day about the neighbourhood before that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The fowl was cooked for Mrs. Stocker, she being an invalid—I asked him his name and he said "Day."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-169" type="surname" value="FRY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-169" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY FRY</persName> </hi>. I am a detective in the Confidential Inquiry Branch of the General Post-office—I produce a postal order for 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and one for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., both payable to and signed by Stocker—the 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. one was issued at Doncaster on September 16th, and cashed at Finsbury Park on the 20th; the 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. order was issued at Crouch Hill on 15th October, and cashed on 16th October, at St. Neots—I produce a registered letter from Edinburgh delivered at 9, Greenside Place.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-170" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-170" type="surname" value="HALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-170" type="given" value="ADELAIDA"/>ADELAIDA HALTON</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Station Hotel, Finsbury Park—I know all the prisoners—I have known Alfred and David Day</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310044"/>
<p>close upon six years, but I only knew Henry by sight, and that he was one of the brothers—Mauchline I knew longer than six years, and I knew him as Mocklington; he was a policeman on the railway—I know Stocker and Mauchline by sight—I have seen Alfred and David in company of ticket collectors at my hotel, sometimes two or three times a week, and then perhaps not again for a month or two; and also in the company of Manley and Newton—I have also seen David with the collectors, some
<lb/>times one and sometimes another—I have seen
<hi rend="italic">Farmer</hi> Day with them at the same time, although I didn't know his name—I have seen Alfred Day come into the house and stay a moment and then Stocker would come in and have a glass of beer, and then he would go out and another collector would come in—I have also seen Mauchline with them—this has been going on during the five or six years I have been there—I do not know Monnington—on the evening when Mauchline was out on bail on this charge Alfred Day came into the private bar of my house with a stranger, who I should suppose came from the market, by his dress, and my barmaid came and said that Alfred Day wished to speak to me—I went to the bar-parlour and shook hands with him; he began to cry and said "Have you heard what has happened?"—I said "Yes, I have read it in the papers"—he asked me if I had been asked anything about it; I said I had heard many people speak over the bar—he then began to cry; I told him to cheer up, and he said "I am innocent, I am innocent; I have been brought into this through my brother, and I shall be a ruined man, I have a character to lose"—I told him I was sorry to see a man in his position placed as he was—he said "You will do all you can for me;" and he said that more than once; and he also said "You will say nothing against me," and I said "I know nothing against you, and I can't say anything against you."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. My house is opposite the station—the officials have been told by the station-master not to use the house—I believe Mr. Webb did not like them to come in the hours of business—after working time they come in just as they like—it would take me about a quarter of an hour to walk from my house to where Alfred Day lives—he was at my house at different times, and with different people, and sometimes he would be with one of his brothers, and sometimes with Stocker, or Manley, or Newton, and would be chatting in front of the bar as customers do—he was very much affected when he said "I am innocent"—I knew he was at the market—I have bought poultry of him when it was cheap—he brought it to the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. I have known Mauchline five or six years as a respectable man, and have seen him in company with many of the officials, and with strangers over and over again, and on no occasion have I seen him do anything wrong—I never heard him say anything about this case.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. Passengers occasionally leave money for a glass of beer for the officials—I only know
<hi rend="italic">Farmer</hi> Day by his coming in there with his brothers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I only knew
<hi rend="italic">Farmer</hi> Day by sight—I did not know where he lived—I was told Henry Day lived in Hanley Road—I know nothing of tickets being handed over by the collectors.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-171" type="surname" value="TURNBULL"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-171" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER TURNBULL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Chief Inspector North British Railway Police</hi>). I live at Edinburgh—on the night of 5th October, 1883, I examined the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310045"/>
<p>tickets of the passengers in the express train from Edinburgh to London; there had been racing at Musselburgh, six miles from Edinburgh, on that day, and there were a great many passengers—I was assisted by detectives and inspectors and ticket examiners, and I found in the possession of passengers four first, one second, and one third-class tickets which had already been used—they had been issued from King's Cross, and I found on them the mark of cancellation at Finsbury Park, which was very much rubbed out—the little instructions pressed out the pulp of the cardboard, and there were indications of putting it back—I have not the tickets with me; I sent them up to London—I took the names and addresses of the persons from whom I took them, and on the follow
<lb/>ing night I did the same thing to the same train, and found three first and one third-class return half tickets which had been previously used; they had been issued from King's Cross, and bore indications of the marks of the collectors, and had been dealt with in the same way as to putting in the dent—I took the names and addresses, and they all had to re-book from Edinburgh to London—I recognise a man here, Harry Harrison, as one of them—I can't find the other persons; they were all fictitious names—Harrison gave his names as "Harry Harrison, book
<lb/>maker's clerk"—I directed Allen to report the matter at King's Cross.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. This was in October, 1883—I was not examined before the Magistrate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-172" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-172" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAMMOND</persName> </hi>. I live at 45, Bacchus Walk, Hoxton; I have got no work to do—in 1883 I was a bookmaker's clerk—I have known all the Days for six years or more, and knew they attended races, and I saw them at pretty well all the north racing meetings—I was at Musselburgh Races in 1883, but I did not lodge with the Days—I have seen the Days at Rutherford's Tavern, Leith Walk, in 1882 and 1883, and have asked them if they had got any
<hi rend="italic">briefs</hi> or tickets for London, and
<hi rend="italic">Farmer</hi> Day said they had not got any then, but they would have some—I asked how much, and they said 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; that was first-class—I said "Oh, that is too much!"—he said "That is the price," and that he could not take less, as they belonged to his brother—I had bought
<hi rend="italic">briefs</hi> of Henry and David before, from Edinburgh to London, and paid 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for three—I gave David the sovereign; that was in 1882—in 1883, a day or two before the Musselburgh races, I saw
<hi rend="italic">Farmer</hi> Day, and asked him if he had any
<hi rend="italic">briefs</hi>—he said "Yes"—three were purchased when I was not there, and I received one of them from a man named Clare, and we went on the Saturday to Edinburgh Station to leave for London by the 10 o'clock express train; when we had got into the carriage we heard "All tickets ready!" called out—Clare was with me, and we each had our own tickets—when they were examined I was asked to walk out, and I was stopped, and the train went on without me—they then asked me if I had the money to pay—I had, and I paid, and came up by the next train—Clare had to pay also, and came with me—my name was asked for, and I gave the name of Harrison, 45, Bacchus Walk, Hoxton—a week or two after that I saw Henry Day, and asked him for my money, as I had paid for a ticket which was no good—he said "All right, I have not got it now, I will give it you another time when I get it"—I said "You might have got me
<hi rend="italic">run in</hi>; you gave me a ticket that had been used before"—he said "It was all right, it had not been used before"—I said "No, it was all wrong, yon could see where it had been clipped and made level"—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310046"/>
<p>said "No such thing, it was all right, and you had no business to pay"—I told him I had given my address, and that a policeman had been round to my house—he said "What can they do? they can't do any thing."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. Alfred Day was at the races some
<lb/>times with his brothers, and sometimes with other people—I have seen some of the aristocracy at the races, and the Prince of Wales.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. I did not get the tickets from
<hi rend="italic">Farmer</hi> Day; I don't know where they were obtained except what I have been told.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CROFTON</hi>. I did not say before the Magistrate anything about David Day buying a ticket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-173" type="surname" value="CLARE"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-173" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY CLARE</persName> </hi>. I live at 17, Carlton Road, Peckham, and am a bookmaker—I came up with the last witness from Edinburgh, after the Mussellburgh Races in 1883—I had given him a ticket; I don't know the man from whom I got them—I have seen the three Days at race meetings—I heard the tickets called for at Edinburgh, and I handed my ticket to the inspector—I was then asked to walk out, and my ticket was taken from me, and I had to pay my fare to London—Harrison was drunk, and I was annoyed with him all the way home—Mitchell was not with me; I gave him a ticket—I bought the tickets against the station, but I swear I did not buy them of the Days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, February 3rd</hi>, 1887.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-174" type="surname" value="SOOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-174" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER SOOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Great Northern Railway Detective</hi>). In consequence of instructions I received early in September last, I commenced to watch Alfred and David Day, and I also had instructions with reference to the ticket collector Manley, and watched his movements, and I con
<lb/>tinued to watch those three persons till the end of October—from time to time I reported to my superior officer, and I put down in writing in this book (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) day by day what I noticed as regards them—the first date I speak to is September 10th, 1886—I only saw David on that day at King's Cross—I followed him by train to Finsbury Park, but I did not see him take any ticket to there, or hand one up as he passed through the barrier—he went to the Railway Hotel outside the station, and I saw the ticket collector Manley follow him—they had some drink and conversation, and then parted—on 16th September I saw Alfred and David Day about 11.15 p.m. at the Station Hotel, Finsbury Park—they appeared to be looking for some one—Manley joined them—I had watched him before—the two Days went to the Earl of Essex, Stroud Green Road, and in a few minutes I saw Manley looking in at the door, but he did not go in—the two Days then left, and walked to the corner of Hanley and Regina Roads, and as they parted in the road David said to Alfred "Shall I take tickets in the morning?"—Alfred answered "I don't think I shall go down in the morning now"—Manley had walked towards the station—Doncaster races were then on—on 23rd September I was waiting outside Finsbury Park Station about 7 a.m., and saw Alfred Day arrive at the station from Stroud Green Road—he went up on to No. 2 platform and into a room marked "Private"—that is where the ticket collectors sit, so far as I know—he stopped there about two minutes, and then came out and got into a Moorgate Street train—on September 29th I saw Alfred Day arrive at Finsbury Park</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310047"/>
<p>Station about 8.10—he walked to and fro in front of the station for about half an hour, and then went to the Blackstock Tavern, looked in there, and came back to the booking-office of the station, and waited there about 20 minutes—he then went to the Duke of Clarence, Seven Sisters Road, and walked back to the station and spoke to the collector Stocker at the barrier, and then he went under the railway arch in Stroud Green Road, and in about two minutes Stocker joined him—they had some conversation in a dark spot there for two or three minutes, and then went to the Earl of Essex—Day paid for two drinks for Stocker, and wished him good night—this was nearly 11 o'clock—on October 5th I saw Alfred arrive at Finsbury Park Station about 8.50 p.m.—he spoke to collector Manley in the cloak-room, and then went to the poet-office opposite the station and posted a letter, and then went to the Station Hotel, where Manley joined him—on October 9th I saw Alfred Day at the station about 8.50 p.m.—he spoke to Manley outside the station, and they went together to the Station Hotel—Day paid for two drinks—Manley then left him, and Day went to Bishop's, the pawnbroker's in Stroud Green Road, and from there to the Earl of Essex, where he stopped 30 minutes, and then he went home to Hanley Road—on 13th October, at 7.50 p.m., I saw David Day waiting outside the station—he spoke to Manley, and then went to Finsbury Park Tavern, where a short man joined him—they left the house, went to the tramyard, and spoke to the man on duty in the box, who I don't see here—I have since heard that was where Mauchline was employed—they then returned to the Finsbury Park Tavern, where Manley joined them—Day wont away then to the Earl of Essex, leaving Manley with the short man, but Manley only stopped out a minute after he had gone—on the 14th, about 7.50 p.m., I saw Alfred Day outside the station speaking to Manley—he then went to the Station Hotel, and then went to the Duke of Clarence, Seven Sisters Road, and in 5 or 10 minutes Manley arrived—he stood outside the house looking about him, and then went in and joined Alfred Day—he stayed there two or three minutes, and then left—Alfred Day stopped about half an hour, and from there I followed him to his home in Hanley Road—on October 22nd I saw Alfred Day leave Brooks's shop in the poultry market where he was employed, with a man—they went to the Victoria Tavern, Farringdon Road, and from there to Ludgate Hill Station, where they took tickets for Esher, for Sandown Park—about 7.15 Alfred and David Day arrived at the station—they went to the Station Hotel, and in a few minutes Manley left the station and looked in the Station Hotel, but could not see anybody, as the Days had gone towards home, and he then went towards Holloway—on October 29th I saw Alfred Day speaking to a man near Brooks's shop in the poultry market—they went to the Victoria Tavern, Farringdon Road, where Day took a railway ticket from his pocket and showed it to the man, who wanted to keep it, but Day said "No, I can't let you have that, as it is the only one I have got, and I can't get another."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. I was not examined before the Magistrate—this is the first time in the presence of the prisoners that I have told this story—I have not been getting close up to them and hearing what they had to say—I have been in the same compartment with them and have called for beer, pretending to be there as a customer,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310048"/>
<p>but I was not listening to what they said—I occasionally put some wool into my ears—I went into the same compartment purposely not to hear, that I swear—I found out that Alfred Day worked at Russell Brooks, a poulterer's in Farringdon Market, but I don't know that he has been employed there for twenty-five years—I first went to the Poultry Market during the Doncaster week—David shouted the words across the road "Shall I take tickets in the morning?"—Alfred said "I don't think I shall go down now"—I imagine there is a great crowd and a bother in getting tickets going to races, unless you get them early—I made this entry in my book on the day of my watching after I had left them, from a piece of paper upon which I had made my notes during the day—I don't know where that is unless it is at home, I don't keep them—in some of my reports I called Alfred Day "the poultry man;" that was because I did not know his Christian name—I knew one was Alfred and one David, but I did not know which was which—I believe I knew his Christian name on 29th October.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. I saw David Day in the neigh
<lb/>bourhood of Finsbury Park—he lived in Fonthill Road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The only entry in pencil is on 29th October, "Kept observation on poultry man"—I swore this information at the police-court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-175" type="surname" value="DOMINY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-175" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DOMINY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Great Northern Railway</hi>). I was at Clerkenwell Police-court ready to be called on behalf of the Company—I was to watch David Day in particular, and I took notes in this book (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) at the time of my observations—on Sept. 11th, at 6.50 p.m., I saw David Day at the Victoria, opposite King's Cross Station; he left there and came to Finsbury Park Station, but I did not see him speak to anybody there—on the 16th, at 10.40 p.m., I saw Alfred and David Day arrive at Finsbury Park Station and go to the Station Hotel opposite; they then went to the Earl of Essex, Stroud Green Road, and in a few minutes Manley came by and looked at the house but did not go inside; he then went back to the station and I watched the two Days, and saw them separate at the corner of Regina Road—on 22nd September I saw Alfred Day in the poulterer's shop—on 5th October, at 8.50 p.m., Alfred Day arrived at Finsbury Park Station and spoke to Manley; they then went to Finsbury Park Tavern and separated there—on 8th October, at 5.30 p.m., Alfred Day arrived at the same station with the last witness, by the same train; he spoke to Manley, they went to the Station Hotel for a few minutes, and then to Colman's, a pork-butcher's, and then home—on 9th October, at 8.43 p.m., Alfred Day came out of the station and went into the Station Hotel by himself; in about two minutes Manley followed him in, and Day paid for drinks for Manley; they stopped there about two minutes and then separated, Manley going to the station and Day to a pawnbroker's and other places—on the 13th I saw David Day at 7.30 p.m., outside the station; he went to the Finsbury Park Tavern, and was joined there by some man who I have no knowledge of; ho then looked into the Tramyard Company's box and spoke to somebody; that is where Mauchline is employed—he then went back to the station and joined Manley and another man, and paid for some drinks; they then parted—on the 14th, at 7.50 p.m. Alfred Day came to Finsbury Park Station and spoke to Manley, he then went to the Station Hotel by himself and stopped there a few minutes</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310049"/>
<p>and then went back to the station and looked inside to see if Manley was still there; then he went back to the hotel again for a couple of minutes and then back to the station and looked in just as Manley was coming out—he then went to the Clarence Hotel, Seven Sisters Road, Manley following, and after Manley had looked outside two or three minutes to see the road clear, he went inside—on 25th October I saw Alfred Day join Manley when he was on duty at the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. On some of these dates I was with Walter Scott—I went to watch and listen, and went into the same com
<lb/>partment with them and called for beer—I did not go in purposely for that—I did not keep my ears shut; I went to hear what they said about these tickets—I did not inform them why I was there—I was not called before the Magistrate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-176" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-176" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROGERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Great Northern Railway Detective</hi>). I have seen Alfred and David Day and Mauchline—between the end of August and the time the Day's were arrested I have seen them with Stocker and Manley and other collectors at Finsbury Park Station—after the people were taken out of the train at Edinburgh, I went to Hammond's, but I sent another man to Clare's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. I am always in plain clothes—I was always in the next compartment to the prisoners; I went out purpose to hear what was said.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-177" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-177" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DODD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector Y</hi>). I received this warrant from Clerkenwell Police-court on 16th November for the arrest of David and Alfred Day and Mauchline—from information I received I went to Northampton Race course on 18th November—I first saw David Day, and read the warrant to him. (
<hi rend="italic">For conspiring with others by subtle devices to acquire large sums of money, with intent to defraud, from the Great Northern Railway Company.</hi>) He said, "I don't Know anything about it"—I searched him, but found nothing on him relating to this matter—I then came across Alfred Day, and read the warrant to him—I believe he said, "I am innocent"—Chief Inspector Parish was with me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-178" type="surname" value="PARISH"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-178" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD PARISH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Chief Inspector, Great Northern Railway Police</hi>). I have had the whole conduct of this matter—I was at Northampton Races when David Day was arrested—he was taken to the temporary station on the course, and he said, "Mr. Parish, do you want my brother Alfred?"—I made no reply, and he said, "If you do he is in the big ring"—I then went with Dodd to the big ring, and pointed out Alfred Day to him, and he was arrested—on the way up he said, "I have a character to lose, I shall make the Company pay for this, it takes three to form a conspiracy."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. David said "Do you want my brother Alfred?" after the warrant had been read containing his name.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. It was under my guidance that Dominy and Scott had been watching the men—I have only known Sergeant Ham since this case began—I believe I went to him first—I asked him to assist me in the case, but he did not—he said he had given certain information about the case before to Inspector Clare—Sergeant Ham was not at the police-court, and is not here to-day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. I believe I saw
<hi rend="italic">Farmer</hi> Day at the races but there was no warrant against him then.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310050"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-179" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-179" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN TAYLOR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi>). At 6 p.m. on 18th November I arrested Mauchline at the Tramyard, Finsbury Park—I told him there was a warrant for his arrest and I should take him to the station—he said nothing then, but afterwards he said, "I do not belong to the Railway Company now"—at the station the warrant was read to him, and he made no reply.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. He was admitted to bail at the police-court in two sureties of 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-180" type="surname" value="OTWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-180" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN OTWAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant Y</hi>). I received a warrant for the arrest of Henry Reuben Day on 7th December, and went to Gloucester, and then to Cardiff—on 8th December I was outside the post-office in St. Mary's Street, Cardiff, and saw Reuben Day enter and receive two letters, which were in his hand when I arrested him—I told him I was a police officer, and he would be charged with three others with defrauding the Great Northern Railway Company—he said, "I am not the man you want, my name is Mr. Fanner"—he showed me the letters; they were addressed "Mr. H. Farmer"—I had called him "Mr. Day"—I said, "I shall take you for Day," and took him to the station and read the warrant to him—he said, "I know nothing about it," and again showed me the registered letter with "Mr. H. Farmer" upon it—I had some trouble with him at the station—when I told him I was going to take him to London he wanted me to have one handcuff on as well as him, but I refused—on the way up he said, "My name is Henry Day, but I know nothing about the charge; those who have given evidence against them ought to be in the dock with them"—he was quiet all the way up—he was then brought to the station and charged in London.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUTTON</hi>. I am certain I said about the handcuff at the police-court, but the Clerk said it was not necessary to take that down—I knew Henry Day as
<hi rend="italic">Farmer</hi> Day—I know all the Days—I knew he was a betting man, and that he was known on the racecourse by the name of
<hi rend="italic">Farmer</hi> Day—that is nothing unusual, he might have half-a-dozen names in the course of a few months.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-181" type="surname" value="COCKSHOT"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-181" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS COCKSHOT</persName> </hi>. I am superintendent of the Great Northern Railway—the first-class single fare from King's Cross to York is 27
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., second-class. 21
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and third-class 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the single fare from King's Cross to Doncaster first-class is 23
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., second-class 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and third-class 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the return fare in each case is exactly double the single fare—we run a special train to Doncaster during the races, going down early on the morning of Wednesday, the St. Leger day, and the third-class return fare then is 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and the tickets are available to return by the special train at 6.25 p.m. on the same evening, or on Friday evening, the last day of the races—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is one of the bills of the Doncaster meeting.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. If you went to Doncaster by an ordinary train you would pay 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. single fare, but if you went by the excursion train you would only pay 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for a return ticket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Alfred Day and Mauchline received good characters.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18870131-247-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-247-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-247-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that the Railway Company had been defrauded to the amount of some thousands a year.—
<rs id="t18870131-247-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-247-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-247-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-247-18870131 t18870131-247-punishment-26"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-247-18870131 t18870131-247-punishment-26"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-247-18870131 t18870131-247-punishment-26"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-247-18870131 t18870131-247-punishment-26"/>Eighteen Months' Hard labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310051"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, February</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1887.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Baron Pollock.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18870131-248">
<interp inst="t18870131-248" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18870131"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-248" type="date" value="18870131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18870131-248-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-248-18870131 t18870131-248-offence-1 t18870131-248-verdict-1"/>
<p>248.
<persName id="def1-248-18870131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-248-18870131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18870131" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18870131" type="surname" value="BRAUSS"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18870131" type="given" value="KATE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KATE BRAUSS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18870131-248-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18870131-248-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-248-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Unlawfully abandoning and exposing her child under two years of age, whereby its life was endangered.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, whereby its health was likely to be permanently injured.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended, at the request of the Court.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-183" type="surname" value="HOLDER"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-183" type="given" value="SIDNEY ERNEST"/>SIDNEY ERNEST HOLDER</persName> </hi>, M.E.C.S. I am resident obstetric assistant at the North London or University Hospital—one of its objects is the delivery of poor married women at their own habitations—on 18th October the prisoner applied for some one to attend her in her confine
<lb/>ment, and gave her address—on the 26th Mr. Laing, a pupil of mine, went to her place—he is not in London now—on the 27th I saw the prisoner at 83, Aldenham Street, Somers Town—I had received a com
<lb/>munication from Mr. Laing—she was confined of a male child at that address—it was a fairly healthy child considering the class it was born in—I never saw it again—she went through her confinement in a perfectly normal way—Mr. Laing visited her till the tenth day, and I had a daily report from him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was only one bed in the room—I gathered from her appearance that she was in very distressed circumstances, and that to a large extent she was lodged there on charity—she said her husband was away at the time, and had left her dependent on her work at fur sewing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-184" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-184" type="surname" value="LYONS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-184" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH LYONS</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and lived at 83, Aldenham Street last year—the prisoner also lived there with Mr. and Mrs. Izons—a day or two before the prisoner was confined she went away for two or three days to St. Francras Workhouse, I believe, and when she came back I consented that she should be confined in my room, and a Mr. Laing from the Hospital attended her—I was present at the birth—after her confinement the prisoner was very unkind and cruel to the baby—it was a very healthy and fine baby—I then left the house, and did not see anything of her, but I was there about a month or five weeks after she left my room, and I saw her on the 12th December, when she went away taking the baby with her—the child had improved in health from the time of the delivery to the time of the mother taking it away—it was getting on very nicely—she was in my room a week and two days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She gave me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for that—she had no money to pay, but she gave me a dress to pawn to pay me—she told me she was a fur
<lb/>sower, and could earn 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a week—after she left me she was with Mr. and Mrs. Izons, who occupied the next room, and I believe she remained as servant, as she could not afford to pay anything.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18870131-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18870131-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-185" type="surname" value="IZONS"/>
<interp inst="t18870131-name-185" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE IZONS</persName> </hi>. I am married, and have two boys and a girl, and I get my living as a hairdresser at 83, Aldenham Street, Somers Town—I occupy the parlour and shop—the prisoner came to lodge with us first in August last—she did nothing for a living—I remember her going away for a few days and coming back—she went to Mrs. Lyons's room to be confined, and about six days afterwards she came to live in our room—she did not pay anything—she told my wife that she would pay her so much a week, but she never paid anything—my wife supplied her with food—this woollen shawl belonged to her—she left on Sunday, 12th December, between 10 and 11 in the morning—I bad told my wife that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188701310052"/>
<p>she must go, and she told her so; that was about a week before—I saw her go out of the house with the baby on the Sunday; it was wrapped in this shawl—I didn't see her again till she was in custody.</p>