<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<hi rend="largeCaps">STAPLES, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoner's have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, August</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1886.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-771-18860803" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-771-18860803" type="surname" value="TRANTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-771-18860803" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THOMAS TRANTER</hi> (26)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18860803-771-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-771-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-771-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> for wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES MATTHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18860803-name-2" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-2" type="given" value="CECIL GEORGE"/>CECIL GEORGE DOUGLAS</persName> </hi>. I am chief clerk at the Guildhall Police-court—on 9th March last two men named Daniel Cleary and Dennis Brian were charged with stealing the prisoner's watch—he was duly sworn, and gave his evidence, which I took down in writing and afterwards read it over to him, and he signed it as correct. (
<hi rend="italic">This being read alleged that on</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th March, about</hi> 11.20
<hi rend="italic">p.m., he was standing opposite the Manchester Hotel looking at a fire when two men (Cleary and Brian) were close to him; that Cleary stole his gold watch worth</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and he gave them into custody.</hi>) Cleary and Brian were remanded from the 9th to the 16th, and then Brian was discharged, and Cleary was committed for trial.</p>
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<persName id="t18860803-name-3" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-3" type="surname" value="CLEARY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-3" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL CLEARY</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, living at 17, Gifford Street, Kings
<lb/>land Road—on 8th March I was looking at a fire in Aldersgate Street, and spoke to a man who I afterwards Knew to be Brian about it—we went and spoke to the police there, and afterwards the prisoner came up with two constables, and said "I charge this man with stealing my watch," pointing to me him,—I turned round, faced and said" I know nothing about your watch"—that was the truth; I had not stolen his watch; I had not seen him before he charged me—Brian and I were then taken to Snow Hill Police-station, and the prisoner and another man named Murphy, who he said was a friend of his, went there, and the prisoner charged me with stealing his watch—he said he saw me take it out of his pocket and snap it on his chain—he also said it had been a presentation to him, but I don't recollect who he said it was from—I was</p>
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<p>brought to the Guildhall Police-court next day, and the prisoner gave evi
<lb/>dence against me—I was then remanded in custody for a week, and then on the 16th I was committed for trial at the April Sessions of this Court—the prisoner again appeared to give evidence against me, but his friend Murphy did not appear—I was convicted and sentenced to twelve months' hard labour—I had previously been convicted of crime—I remained in prison about three months, and was then discharged by an order of the Secretary of State.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-4" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-4" type="surname" value="KIDNER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-4" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST KIDNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi>). About 11.30 p.m. on 8th March I was on duty in Aldersgate Street at the fire—the prisoner came up to me and pointing to Cleary and Brian said "These two men have stolen my watch, I wish to give them in custody"—they were walking down the street from the fire—I stopped them, and the prisoner said "I wish to charge these two men with stealing my watch"—Cleary said "I never saw the man before "they were taken to Snow Hill Police-station and searched, but no watch was found on them—the Inspector asked Tranter for particulars about the watch—he said it was a gold watch which had been presented to his father in recognition of long services as manager of a coal mine, and that there was an inscription on the back to that effect; that its worth was 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but he valued it much more as it was a souvenir—he was wearing an ordinary chain, which was broken—Murphy gave evidence before the Magistrate, but did not appear at the trial at this Court—Tranter then said he had backed a bill for 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for Murphy and that he had absconded with the money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I saw the chain hanging to your waist-coat—I don t know whether the chain was gold.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-5" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-5" type="surname" value="WOOLLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-5" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WOOLLETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Police Servant</hi>). On the night of 8th March I was at the Snow Hill Police-station when Cleary and Brian were brought in, and the prisoner charged them—he said it was a presenta
<lb/>tion watch—I asked for further directions about it—he said he would try and get them by next day, but I never received them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-6" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-6" type="surname" value="KURTZ"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-6" type="given" value="SIMON"/>SIMON KURTZ</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant E</hi>). On 22nd April I took the prisoner in custody on another charge—I searched him, and found 11 pawn-tickets upon him dating from 23rd May, 1885, down to 8th April 1886-that is for a ring for 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—there is a ticket for a lever watch pawned on 20th January, 1886, for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and also one on 5th January, 1886 for a silver-gilt watch pawned at Vaughan's in the Strand—there are also tickets for clothing, and on 9th March there is one for 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for a rug.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-7" type="witnessName">
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<interp inst="t18860803-name-7" type="surname" value="GOSBY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-7" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GOSBY</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Vaughan, pawnbroker; in the Strand—I produce a silver watch pawned on 5th January last for 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the name of Tranter—I have seen the ticket in the possession of the sergeant, it is the fellow one to the one I have.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-8" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-8" type="surname" value="AUSTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-8" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT AUSTIN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Central Criminal Court—on 10th April last, before Cleary's trial, the prisoner came and asked me if he could have expenses for a second journey from Irwin in Glamorgan-shire on account of his father's death, as he had left several young children without anybody to look after them—I said we couldn't allow it, as we had nothing to do with his private affairs—on the 12th he was paid 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. altogether—I did not pay him personally—the usual form was signed by him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-9" type="witnessName">
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<interp inst="t18860803-name-9" type="surname" value="TRANTER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-9" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM TRANTER</persName> </hi>. I live at 65, Union Road, Abergavenny, and am a fuel man employed by the London and North-Western Railway at 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a</p>
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<p>week—I have been so 16 or 17 years—the prisoner is my son—I was never a manager of a colliery—I never had a presentation watch given me for long services as a manager of a colliery with an inscription on the back—I never gave the prisoner a gold watch—I have given him two silver ones.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You were earning good money, and could have bought a watch value 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—you were a steady man—you had scarlet fever about 16 years ago, and since then you have left your work, and no one knows where you have gone to—you were last in employment, before Christmas, as a travellers at Cardiff.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-10" type="surname" value="TRANTER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-10" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE TRANTER</persName> </hi>. I am no relation to the prisoner—I keep the Temperance Hotel, Barbican—the prisoner was lodging there from 24th January until 24th March last, and then left owing me money—I after-wards came to this Court, and when he got his expenses paid he paid me a portion—he told me about this gold watch being stolen; he said his father was dead, and his mother would be sorry at the loss of the watch.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You generally came in a little before 11 o'clock—you were ill while staying there—you met Murphy there—I don't know that he ran away; he went away and owed me a guinea—you told me you had had a
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> with him—I didn't see it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence asserted that what he had stated as to the robbery was correct; that he had bought the watch of a Mr. Pocock in Newport; that he came to London, and stayed at the Temperance Hotel, where he met with the man Murphy who was with him when the watch was stolen; and he remarked that it was a curious thing if there was no truth in his story that he should have happened to fix upon two strangers as the thieves, both of whom had been convicted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18860803-771-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-771-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">It was stated by Inspector Roots that the prisoner had made a similar charge of robbery against an Arab at the Agricultural Hall, which was found to be groundless.—
<rs id="t18860803-771-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-771-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-771-18860803 t18860803-771-punishment-1"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-772-18860803" type="surname" value="STUBBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-772-18860803" type="given" value="GEORGE LAURIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE LAURIE STUBBS</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-772-18860803" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def2-772-18860803" type="surname" value="IRVING"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES IRVING</hi> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18860803-772-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-772-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-772-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> unlawfully conspiring with others to cheat and defraud
<persName id="t18860803-name-13" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-13" type="surname" value="GOSLING"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-13" type="given" value="GEORGE CUBITT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-772-offence-1 t18860803-name-13"/>George Cubitt Gosling</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. EDWARD CLARKE</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">BESLEY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FULLERTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Before plea</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLERKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">applied to quash the indictment. After argu
<lb/>ment the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">held that the latter Counts were bad. On the first Count</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence, and the Jury found the prisoners</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18860803-772-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-772-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="fault"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-773-18860803" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SIMMONDS</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-773-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-773-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADE GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18860803-773-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-773-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-773-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to unlawfully attempt
<lb/>ing to obtain money by false pretences.</rs>
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<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-774-18860803" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<interp inst="def1-774-18860803" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK NICHOLSON</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-774-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-774-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-774-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to stealing whilst employed in the Post Office a post letter containing a postal order for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—</rs>
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<interp inst="t18860803-774-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-774-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-774-18860803 t18860803-774-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Month's Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18860803-774-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-774-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-774-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, August</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1886.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-775-18860803" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-775-18860803" type="surname" value="HARTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-775-18860803" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK HARTLEY</hi> (32)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-775-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-775-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-775-18860803" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-775-18860803" type="surname" value="NEILL"/>
<interp inst="def2-775-18860803" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS NEILL</hi> (17)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-775-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-775-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-775-18860803" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def3-775-18860803" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="def3-775-18860803" type="given" value="CYRIL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CYRIL GREGORY</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-775-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-775-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-775-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully tittering counterfeit Coin.</rs> </p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-19" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-19" type="surname" value="CHEESEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-19" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE CHEESEMAN</persName> </hi>. I assist my father as confectioner at 2, Lordship Terrace, Battersea—on 31st May, about 11.30 a.m., Gregory came in for a 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. cigar and gave me a florin—I gave him the change, and as he was leaving I found the florin was bad—I had kept it in my hand—I pointed out Gregory to a constable who was outside and he took him in custody—the florin was marked and handed to the constable, this is it—I gave evidence at Wandsworth the same day—he was remanded till Friday and then discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-20" type="surname" value="BARNS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-20" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BARNS</persName> </hi>. On 31st May I was outside Mr. Cheeseman's shop and the last witness pointed out Gregory to me, gave him into my custody, and handed me a florin—he said "I passed a two-shilling piece here, but I was not aware it was bad"—I searched him in the shop and found 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze, good money—he was remanded for a week and the silver was then given up to him—he gave his name, Cyril Gregory, Cooper's Lodging House, King's Cross—there is such a place.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-21" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-21" type="given" value="LOUISE"/>LOUISE GRIFFITHS</persName> </hi>. I am a widow and keep a confectioner's shop at 11, Queen's Road, Wimbledon—on 17th June, between 7 and 8 p.m., Gregory came in with another man, neither of the other two prisoners—he called for two penny bottles of ginger beer and the other man handed me a half-crown—I said "This is Dad," and asked a lady friend to get a policeman—I got 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in payment and the other man asked me to give him the half-crown, but I refused—I spoke to someone outside who followed Gregory and the other man, and afterwards the tall man was brought into the shop—I saw Gregory the same evening at the station and identified him—I gave the half-crown to the prisoner—it was very dull and soft, my teeth sank in it, it was rather weighty, it did not bounce and it had a leaden sound.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-22" type="surname" value="SEXTON"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-22" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN SEXTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman V</hi> 363). On 17th June I was in Alex
<lb/>andra Road, Wimbledon, and a man named Brown, who had chased Gregory, gave him into my custody and said in his presence that he had been trying to pass bad coin in the Queen's Road—I said that I should take him in custody—he said "I did not put the com down"—I said "I shall search you at once"—I did so, and found two shillings, two six-pences, and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 0 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze, all good—Mrs. Griffiths came to the station and charged them—they made no answer—Mr. Paget, the Magistrate, discharged them next day without a remand—I handed the half-crown to him through the Usher and did not get it back, I did not see what was done with it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-23" type="surname" value="IGBED"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-23" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN IGBED</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman V</hi> 428). Mrs. Griffiths gave me a half-crown which she afterwards identified at the station—it was handed to a con
<lb/>stable to produce at Wandsworth Police-court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-24" type="surname" value="TILLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-24" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK TILLEY</persName> </hi>. I am Usher at Wandsworth Police-court—on June 18th Gregory and another man were brought up there before Mr. Paget, for uttering a bad half-crown which Sexton handed to me and I handed it to the Magistrate, who told me to put it in the fire, I did so and it melted very quickly indeed; Mr. Barnard, of the Treasury, afterwards asked for it back—I did not recognise Gregory as the man who had been there on May 21st—it is usual to remand prisoners, but in this case, as the evidence was doubtful, it was not done.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-25" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-25" type="surname" value="TUPPER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-25" type="given" value="ELIZAMARY"/>ELIZAMARY TUPPER</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Prince of Wales, North</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030007"/>
<p>Street, Clerkenwell—on 28th June, about 11.30 p.m., Hartley and Neill came in—Hartley called for half-a-pint of ale and two of port wine, which came to 3 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and handed me a bad shilling—I bent it with my teeth and told him it was bad and I could not take it—he asked me to give it back to him and he would give me a good one, and said he got it at the Bell—I gave it back to him and he paid me with a good florin—Neal went out at the door twice, and while he was away I asked Hartley why he gave me the bad shilling—he said that the other young man Neill had given it to him—after Neill came back the second time, and while they were being searched, Gregory came into the opposite compartment and then into the one next to them, and put his hand up and made signs to Neill, and I heard Neill ask Gregory to bring him some breakfast in the morning—the police took Hartley and Neill—Gregory went out, but the police brought him back and I recognized him—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the shilling, I know it by the way I bent it and by my teeth marks.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-26" type="surname" value="TUPPER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-26" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER TUPPER</persName> </hi>. I keep the Prince of Wales public-house—I saw my wife serve Hartley and Neill—she spoke to me and I watched them and saw Neill go to the door twice—he went half-way out the first time and passed a little paper parcel to Gregory, who was standing outside—I asked Hartley and Neal what they meant by trying to pass bad money—Neill had got it between his teeth and said, "It is a good one," and asked me what I meant—I got over the counter, shut the door, and sent for the police—I saw Gregory inside the house while they were being searched, after Neill had gone to the door a second time—he did not go into the same compartment as Neill and Hartley—I got a constable and gave them in charge—Hartley had been a customer there for two or three weeks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Hartley.</hi> I never saw you pass any bad coin before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have never seen Neill or Gregory in the home before, and never saw Hartley with them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-27" type="surname" value="MOYES"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-27" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD MOYES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 169). I was called and Hartley and Neill were given into my custody—I found on him a bad shilling, a shilling, a sixpence, three pence, and some tissue paper, not wrapped round anything—Hartley said, "Neill gave me the shilling to pass, and he said he would stand two drinks if I could pass it"—Neill made no answer; he refused to be searched, but another constable came, and then he allowed us to search him—while doing so I saw Gregory in another compartment making motions to Neill with his hand—Hartley said at the station that it was all a hoax.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Hartley.</hi> I found on you a bad shilling, two six
<lb/>pences, and 5 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-28" type="surname" value="PULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-28" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL PULLEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 100). I was on duty near Mr. Tupper's house, and after Hartley and Neill were taken in custody and were being taken away in the street I saw Gregory speak to Neill—I asked Gregory what he was doing there—he said, "It is only an old
<hi rend="italic">pal</hi> of mine; I am going to bring him some breakfast in the morning"—I took Gregory to Mr. Tupper's house, who identified him as the man to whom Neill had handed a parcel—he said he knew nothing about it—I found two good florins on Neill and some bronze; he said that he knew nothing whatever about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-29" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-29" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This shilling and florin are bad—a bad coin put into a fire would melt and run through at once.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030008"/>
<hi rend="italic">Hartley in his defence stated that Neill, who owed him a shilling, changed a half-crown at the Bell and gave it to him, and that he put it down at the Prince of Wales and was told that it was bad; and that he did not know Gregory, he was not with him. Neill denied being with Gregory, and stated that he got the money at the Bell. Gregory stated that he did not know the other prisoners, and that he tried to change a florin but did not know that it was bad.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARTLEY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-775-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-775-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-775-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEILL</hi>
<rs id="t18860803-775-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-775-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-775-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the first count.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-775-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-775-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-775-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-775-18860803 t18860803-775-punishment-4"/>Six Month' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GREGORY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-775-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-775-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-775-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>**.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-775-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-775-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-775-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-775-18860803 t18860803-775-punishment-5"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-776">
<interp inst="t18860803-776" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-776" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-776-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-776-18860803 t18860803-776-offence-1 t18860803-776-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-776-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-776-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-776-18860803" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-776-18860803" type="surname" value="CRUDER"/>
<interp inst="def1-776-18860803" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES CRUDER</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-776-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-776-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-776-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering: counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAZUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-31" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-31" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SMITH</persName> </hi>. I live at 6, Union Street, Mayfair—one day in July, about 5.30, I met the prisoner in Curzon Street—he said, "Go and get me a loaf down at the market and I will give you a penny"—he gave me a florin; I went to 14, Shepherd Street, where I gave the florin he gave me, and Mr. Heyward went out with me as it was found to be bad—he left me and Mr. Wing, and I found the prisoner and he was given in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I said at Marlborough Street that a man with a light coat sent me in.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I am certain the prisoner is the man—he did not give me the penny—this is the coin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-32" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-32" type="surname" value="HEYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-32" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET HEYWARD</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps a shop at 14, Shepherd Street—on 10th July Smith came in for a loaf and gave me a bad florin—I gave it to my husband, who went out with him and our porter Wing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-33" type="surname" value="HEYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-33" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM HEYWARD</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer of 14, Shepherd Street, Mayfair—I was in an inner room; between five and six o'clock my wife came to me and showed me a florin—I found it bad, went into the shop, saw Smith there, and went out with him and Wing—I gave the coin to Wing—this is it; here is my mark on it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-34" type="surname" value="WING"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-34" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES WING</persName> </hi>. I am a porter at Mr. Heyward's—on 10th July, between five and six o'clock, I saw Smith in the shop and went out with him and Mr. Hay ward, who handed me the coin and went back—Smith pointed out the prisoner to me at the corner of Duke Street, Grosvenor Square, half or three-quarters of an hour afterwards, and I gave him in custody with the coin—he said, "You must have made a mistake"—that was about half a mile from Shepherd Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I came up a constable had hold of your arm, and I charged you—I went to school with you at St. George's, Hanover Square, but I have not seen much of you since—I went on before the boy and recognised you in Chesterfield Street before he saw you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He was not in charge when I first saw him—I saw the constable beforehand and gave him a description, and he went one way and I the other—the constable never touched him till I gave him in charge—the boy said, "There is the man standing at the corner"—I said, "Yes, go and fetch a constable and I will watch him"—the boy was not with the prisoner when I saw the prisoner at Chesterfield Street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-35" type="surname" value="KENNY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-35" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK KENNY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman D</hi> 316). On 10th July, about 6 p.m., Wing gave me information and pointed to the prisoner at the corner of Duke Street—I stopped him and Wing gave him in custody—the boy was fol
<lb/>lowing me a few yards behind—I asked him if that was the man; he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030009"/>
<p>said, "Yes"—the prisoner said, "You have made a mistake"—I took him to the station; he was asked his name and said, "I don't know that I will give it"—I said, "You might as well give it"—he said, "Charles Cruder"—I said, "What is your address?"—he said, "I shan't give it"—I produce the florin Wing gave me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Smith fetched me and followed three yards behind me—I asked him if that was the man, he said "Yes"—Wing was with me, and could hear that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-36" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-36" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This coin is bad, any one can see that—it has a bad tone and it is rather tinny.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was coming down Grosvenor Square, and was given in charge. Wing has put the words into the boy's mouth. I am perfectly innocent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-776-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-776-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-776-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-777">
<interp inst="t18860803-777" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-777" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-777-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-777-18860803 t18860803-777-offence-1 t18860803-777-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-777-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-777-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-777-18860803" type="age" value="74"/>
<interp inst="def1-777-18860803" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-777-18860803" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WILLIAMS</hi> (74)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-777-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-777-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-777-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-777-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-777-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-777-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>** to unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, having other bad coin in his possession.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-777-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-777-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-777-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-777-18860803 t18860803-777-punishment-6"/>Twelve Months' without Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, August</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1886.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-778">
<interp inst="t18860803-778" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-778" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-778-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-778-18860803 t18860803-778-offence-1 t18860803-778-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-778-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-778-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-778-18860803" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-778-18860803" type="surname" value="STEVENSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-778-18860803" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM STEVENSON</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-778-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-778-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-778-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-39" type="surname" value="WOLLRD"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-39" type="given" value="GEORGE FRWDERICK"/>GEORGE FRWDERICK WOLLRD</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Stamp and Page, cheesemongers, at 13, Foubert's Place—on 24th June a boy whom I, cannot find came in about 9 p.m. for a quarter of a pound of shilling butter, and handed me a florin—I gave him the butter and change—as he went out of the door I found the florin was bad—I followed him out and saw him give the change to the prisoner, who was standing about 40 yards off, in the centre of the way—I followed the prisoner with the intention of giving him into custody, but saw no constable, and lost sight of him—about 10 o'clock the same evening I saw the prisoner in a public-house, but did not give him in charge—I saw him on several occasions—I was afterwards taken to the station, and picked him out from others—I marked the florin and gave it to Inspector Clark; this is it—I saw Owen in company with the prisoner the same night, and afterwards saw him in custody at the police-station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-40" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-40" type="surname" value="LORRIMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-40" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE LORRIMAN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Lorriman, a watch
<lb/>maker and jewelers, at 87, Davies Street, St. George's—on 8th July a little boy about six years old, named Tolley, came in between 3 and 4 o'clock for some soap, and put down a florin, which I put in a case where there were no other florins—some time after the boys father came back with him and bringing the soap and the change I had given—I then found the coin was bad—I afterwards gave it to the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-41" type="surname" value="TOLLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-41" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES TOLLEY</persName> </hi>. I am manager to a job master in Davies Mews—I have a little boy six years old—on 8th July, about 3 p.m., I saw the prisoner in Davies Mews with two other young fellows about his own height or a little taller, one of whom, Owen, I afterwards saw at Marl-brought Street Police-court—two went down the mews and, one went down Buck Street and down Avory Road and through Grosvenor Street, and then</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030010"/>
<p>stood at the corner—I did not see him near the Lorrimans' shop at all—my little boy came home from school about a quarter past 4—shortly afterwards he came to me with soap and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change in his hand; he was crying—in consequence of what he said I went to Mrs. Lorriman with him and the soap and change—she produced a bad florin—I saw the prisoner the following evening at Marlborough Street, and identified him from seven or eight others—I afterwards at the Court saw one of the lads I had seen with the prisoner on 8th July.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-42" type="surname" value="HOWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-42" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD HOWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective C</hi>). On 8th July I was in the police-station when the prisoner was brought in—Mr. Tolley's son came to the police-station with his father and picked out the prisoner from six others of about the same size and build; he said "That is the boy that gave me the money."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-43" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-43" type="given" value="WILLIAM ELLIS"/>WILLIAM ELLIS JONES</persName> </hi>. I lived in Gees Court on 8th July, and had known the prisoner about a week—he lived in lodgings opposite me—he then gave me a bad florin in South Moulton Street for me to go to the Globe and ask for a quarter of rum—it was about 11 p.m.—he pitched it up before giving it to me and said "You may be sure it is a good one—I saw the postman outside the Globe, and asked him if it was a bad one—I thought it was bad by the way he had tossed it up—the postman told me it was bad—I told him I wanted to go to a police
<lb/>man, would he come with me—we went to look for a policeman, the prisoner ran away—I saw him the night after and asked him to come for a walk; he ran down South Moulton Lane, and I ran down South Moulton Street and pointed him out to a constable, who took him into custody—the potman gave the coin to a policeman, this is it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-44" type="surname" value="MOSCALL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-44" type="given" value="EDWARD JAMES"/>EDWARD JAMES MOSCALL</persName> </hi>. I am potman at the Globe public-house, in South Moulton Street—on the night of 8th July J saw Jones outside the Globe; he spoke to me and showed me a coin—I went with him and found Tuckwell, and handed the coin to him; this is it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-45" type="surname" value="TUCKWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-45" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC TUCKWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 59). I received information from the last witness and Jones together with this florin on the 8th—on the 9th, about 7 p.m., I saw the prisoner in South Moulton Lane; Jones and Moscall had described him—I told him I wanted him for uttering counter-feit coin to Mrs. Lorriman—he said "All right, why don't you catch the others as well?"—I took him to the station, searched and found good money on him and two pawn-tickets—the boy Tolley picked him Out from others—I also received a florin from Mr. Woollard.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-46" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-46" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These florins are bad, and from different moulds.</p>
<rs id="t18860803-778-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-778-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-778-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18860803-778-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-778-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-778-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-778-18860803 t18860803-778-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-779">
<interp inst="t18860803-779" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-779" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-779-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-779-18860803 t18860803-779-offence-1 t18860803-779-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-779-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-779-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-779-18860803" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-779-18860803" type="surname" value="MARLOW"/>
<interp inst="def1-779-18860803" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM MARLOW</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-779-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-779-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-779-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAWFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-48" type="surname" value="TWYFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-48" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM TWYFORD</persName> </hi>. I live at the Spotted Dog, Willesden—on 17th June the prisoner came in about half-past 4 o'clock for two threes of whisky, and gave me a half-crown, which I put in the till, where there was no other half-crown, giving him change—he took the whisky outside—he afterwards came back for half a pint of beer for himself—in the mean' time I had gone to the till for change, and had then noticed the half-crown was Dad—I said to him "Hulloa, this is a bad half-crown you have given me"—he said "I don't think it is, can you prove it?"—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030011"/>
<p>tried it in my teeth, it tasted gritty—I left it on the counter, the prisoner picked it up and looked at it himself and said "I know where I got this from, I will take it back and get it changed"—I said "If you know where you got it from you can have it," and I gave it back to him—there were also in the bar a man for whom I went to get change and the man who had the whisky and had brought the glass back—I can't say if he went out with the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-49" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-49" type="given" value="THOMAS JOHN"/>THOMAS JOHN COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I live at Vicarage Road, Willesden, and keep a grocer's shop—on the 17th June the prisoner came to my shop between half-past 4 and 5 and asked for half a pound of biscuits, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—my assistant served; I stood by—he gave this half-crown, which I saw—my assistant weighed it, and said it was not good—he passed it to me—I rung it on the counter, and the moment it fell down the prisoner picked it up and said "Don't it weigh, try this," giving me a florin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-50" type="surname" value="SMALL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-50" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMALL</persName> </hi>. I lived at 4, London Terrace, Neasdon, Willesden, where my mother kept a grocer's shop—on 17th June the prisoner came in about half-past 5 or 6 for some bread, price 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I served him—he put down a half-crown, which I took to my mother to change—she had not it, and I went to Mr. Stokes, a neighbour, for it—I gave him the half-crown—he bent it between the cracks of the boards, and said it was bad—I went back with it to my mother's shop; the prisoner was still there—I told him it was bad—he said he would take it to his master—this is it—he did not have the bread nor the change.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-51" type="surname" value="SAMALL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-51" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA SAMALL</persName> </hi>. I keep a grocer's shop at 4, London Terrace—on the day my son brought me this half-crown to change, and I sent him out to change it—he afterwards came back and showed me the same coin—when the prisoner was told it was bad, he only asked for it back—I did not give it to him—he left the shop, and shortly after Chapman, the constable, came in, and I gave him the half-crown, and made a com
<lb/>munication to him about the prisoner—Chapman afterwards came back to my shop, bringing the prisoner with him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-52" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-52" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE STOKES</persName> </hi>. I live at 7, London Terrace, Neasdon, and keep a greengrocer's shop—on 17th June Small came to me for change for this half-crown, which I bent in a tester, and found was bad, and gave it to him back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-53" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-53" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK CHAPMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 236). On 17th June, in consequence of information, I went to Mrs. Small's, who made a communication to me about the prisoner—I went in search of him, and found him con
<lb/>cealing himself behind a hedge about a mile from Mrs. Small's shop—as soon as he saw me at the end of the field he got up and ran away about 1 1/2 mile—he was stopped, and I took him into custody, and said "You are the man I have been running after, trying to pass this bad half-crown"—he said "Yes, I know I am"—I asked him where the other man was—he said "I don't know; he gave me the half-crown to pass"—I took him to London Terrace, where he was identified—at the station he was charged, and said "I tried to pass it at three places, the Spotted Dog, the place where I bought the biscuits, and the place you found me at"—I searched and found on him good money—this is the half-crown I received from Mrs. Small.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-54" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-54" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This coin is bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in hit defences stated that he had come up from the country to</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030012"/>
<hi rend="italic">work for a short time in London, and that he had never had any bad money before, and did not know this was bad.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-779-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-779-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-779-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-779-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-779-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-779-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-779-18860803 t18860803-779-punishment-8"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-780">
<interp inst="t18860803-780" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-780" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-780-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-780-18860803 t18860803-780-offence-1 t18860803-780-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-780-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-780-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-780-18860803" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-780-18860803" type="surname" value="BLACKWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-780-18860803" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BLACKWELL</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-780-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-780-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-780-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counter feit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-56" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-56" type="given" value="GASPAR"/>GASPAR CLARK</persName> </hi>. I live at 104, High Street, St. John's Wood, a butcher's shop, kept by my brother—on 1st July the prisoner came in for fourpenny worth of steak and offered a florin, which I told him was bad—he said he did not know it was bad, he had taken it at 158, Alexandra Road, I think he said in selling his goods as a costermonger, and if I would give him the pieces he would take it back—I broke the coin in the tester, and gave the pieces to the prisoner—he gave me a good florin, and I gave him change—I next saw the prisoner about a fortnight ago at Marylebone Police-court, where I picked him out from other men—I have no doubt about him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-57" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-57" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-57" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>HARRIET MOORE</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps a butcher's shop at 50, Henry Street, St. John's Wood—on 16th July the prisoner came in for four-penny worth of steak, and gave me a bad florin—I said "This is a bad one, where did you get it from?"—he said "From Covent Garden Market"—I gave it him back—he took out another coin and said "This is a good one, Miss"—he went out of the shop, and my husband followed him—I next saw him at the police-station—he said "Don't lock me up, lady; I will never do it again"</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-58" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-58" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEONARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Constable S</hi>). On 16th July, in consequence of information received, I went in search of the prisoner, and found him going up St. Edmund's Terrace, at the corner of Wells Road and Edward Road—I went towards him, and another man who was speak
<lb/>ing to the prisoner ran away—I said to the prisoner "What have you been doing?"—he said "Nothing"—I said "Haven't you been trying to pass bad money?"—he said "No, not me; you have made a mistake"—I said "You answer the description of the man who has been at the butcher's shop in Henry Street with counterfeit coin"—he said "Don't lock me up"—I searched him at once, and found in his right-hand waist-coat pocket this florin, which he said he had given at the shop mentioned and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. silver, and 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., good money—I said "How did you come in possession of it?"—he said "I took it at Covent Garden Market"—I said "Who from?"—he said "Mr. Draper; I know I had it and meant to get rid of it somehow"—at the station when charged he said to the prosecutrix" Don't lock me up, lady; I won't do it again."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that he took the florin in change for a sovereign.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18860803-780-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-780-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-780-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of his youth.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-780-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-780-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-780-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-780-18860803 t18860803-780-punishment-9"/>Six Month's Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-781">
<interp inst="t18860803-781" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-781" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-781-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-781-18860803 t18860803-781-offence-1 t18860803-781-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-781-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-781-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-781-18860803" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-781-18860803" type="surname" value="O'DONOHUE"/>
<interp inst="def1-781-18860803" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES O'DONOHUE</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-781-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-781-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-781-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a medal as and fur a sovereign.
<hi rend="italic">Another count</hi>, for attempting to obtain 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. by means of false pretences, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILKINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-60" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-60" type="given" value="TIMOTHY"/>TIMOTHY LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I lived at the Crown and Scepter Inn, Felt ham, on 15th July, when the prisoner came in for a glass of ale, and tendered</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030013"/>
<p>what appeared like a-half-sovereign—I saw it was not a real one, and told him it would not do, it was not a real half-sovereign—I was similar to this sovereign, but smaller—he then gave me a sixpence—I gave him 4rf. change, and he went away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was not a policeman in uniform there at the time—you did not ask him to drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-61" type="surname" value="COVTER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-61" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN COVTER</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Black Dog public-house, Bedford Park—the prisoner came in on 15th July for a glass of ale between 3 and 4 o'clock, and also asked my ostler, who had given him a ride down part of the road, to have a drink, and I served him with two glasses of ale—he gave me a coin which represented a sovereign, and I gave him 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—as soon as I did so he drank up and went out of the door—as soon as I touched the coin I called to the prisoner; he did not stop, but went out—I went after him with my ostler and said to him "Give me my change back"—he said "What do you mean?"—I said "Give me my change back"—he repeated "What do you mean?" I said "Give me my change back"—he gave it me immediately.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not come back when I called you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-62" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-62" type="surname" value="BALL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-62" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY BALL</persName> </hi>. My father keeps the Swan Inn, Stan more—on 15th July the prisoner came in about 5 o'clock for a glass of ale, and tendered a coin the size of a half-sovereign—I told him I had not got change, and he gave me 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I gave him back the coin, which I saw was not good; he took it away with him—I communicated with the police the same afternoon.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You gave me a flask-to put some whisky in, and asked for some writing-paper.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-63" type="surname" value="BOWD"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-63" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BOWD</persName> </hi>. I am a baker in the service of Mr. Bond, of Bed-font—on 15th July I met the prisoner, who asked me the way to Bed-font; I directed him—when I had done so he turned round and said he would give some men who were putting up a fence a drop of beer; he put his hand in his pocket and pulled out three pieces of coin and said "I will give you a drop of beer"—the coins looked to me like half-sovereigns.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You had had a drop of beer, but were as sober as I am now—you were sober enough to understand me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-64" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BARRETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector T</hi>). On 15th July I received inform
<lb/>tion and went to the Swan, Stanmore—I called at several public-houses' in the village, and after that went towards the Union workhouse—Constable Neal overtook me—I went to Staines and saw the prisoner come out of the White Lion—I did not arrest him then—I went to the Anchor, where I found the prisoner had been wanting to get a night's lodging—some information was given me, in consequence of which I followed him into the High Street, Staines, and took him into custody—I told him I should take him into custody, he said "What for?"—I said "For uttering, or attempting to utter, counterfeit coin"—he said "I have done nothing of the sort"—I said I should convey him to the police-station—he said "I have done nothing"—I took him to the police-station—I found on him this coin—I asked him where he had got it from, he said "I got it in change for a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note at a public-house"—I said "What public-house?"—he said "I don't know"—I directed Neal to take him to Bedfont and I went to Stanmore to warn the witness—in answer to the charge the prisoner said "I admit I went to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030014"/>
<p>three homes and tried to pass that coin, but I did not know it was bad; that was the only one I had"—I only found on him a halfpenny.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-65" type="surname" value="NEAL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-65" type="given" value="HORACE"/>HORACE NEAL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Constable D</hi>). I went to Satins with Barrett on 15th July, and afterwards took the prisoner to the station—on the road he said he had been a steward on board a ship called the Golden Fleece, and if the money was bad he received it orange for a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note in a home in Holborn a day or two previously—I said "Which Holborn?"—he said "Up the road"—I said "There is a Holborn near the city of London"—he said "That is it"—I asked him if he would know the house if he saw it—he said "No"—he also said he left the Golden Fleece at Phila-delphia—he had been drinking.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that he had been drinking and that the coins must have been given to him in change for a</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">note at a house in Holborn.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-781-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-781-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-781-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-782">
<interp inst="t18860803-782" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-782" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-782-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-782-18860803 t18860803-782-offence-1 t18860803-782-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-782-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-782-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-782-18860803" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-782-18860803" type="surname" value="WILKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-782-18860803" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR WILKINS</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-782-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-782-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-782-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-782-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-782-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-782-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18860803-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-67" type="surname" value="BRAGG"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-67" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-782-offence-1 t18860803-name-67"/>John Bragg</persName> and stealing a clock and other articles.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-782-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-782-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-782-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-782-18860803 t18860803-782-punishment-10"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-783">
<interp inst="t18860803-783" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-783" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-783-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-783-18860803 t18860803-783-offence-1 t18860803-783-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-783-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-783-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-783-18860803" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-783-18860803" type="surname" value="FIELD"/>
<interp inst="def1-783-18860803" type="given" value="FRANCIS SIDNEY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS SIDNEY FIELD</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-783-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-783-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-783-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Unlawfully and indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18860803-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-69" type="age" value="10"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-69" type="surname" value="MIDDLEDITCH"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-69" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-783-offence-1 t18860803-name-69"/>George Middleditch</persName>, aged 10 years.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SAUNDERS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">who had not been instructed in time to defend the prisoner, stated that he had an affidavit by a medical man to the fact that the prisoner was not a man of strong intellect.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18860803-783-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-783-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-783-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18860803-783-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-783-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-783-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-783-18860803 t18860803-783-punishment-11"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> 1886.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Field.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-784">
<interp inst="t18860803-784" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-784" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-784-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-784-18860803 t18860803-784-offence-1 t18860803-784-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-784-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-784-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-784-18860803" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-784-18860803" type="surname" value="FINCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-784-18860803" type="given" value="GEORGE VINCENT HENEAGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE VINCENT HENEAGE FINCH</hi> (19)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18860803-784-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-784-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-784-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18860803-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-71" type="surname" value="BOWES"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-71" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-784-offence-1 t18860803-name-71"/>John William Bowes</persName>.</rs> </p>
<rs id="t18860803-784-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-784-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-784-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="unfitToPlead"/>
<hi rend="italic">Upon the evidence of Dr. Henry Charlton Bastian and Mr. Philip Francis Gilbert, surgeon of H. M. Prison, Holloway, the Jury found the prisoner to be of unsound mind and unfit to plead to the indictment.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-784-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-784-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-784-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-784-18860803 t18860803-784-punishment-12"/>Ordered to be detained during Her Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-785">
<interp inst="t18860803-785" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-785" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-785-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-785-18860803 t18860803-785-offence-1 t18860803-785-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-785-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-785-18860803 t18860803-785-offence-2 t18860803-785-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-785-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-785-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-785-18860803" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-785-18860803" type="surname" value="BREWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-785-18860803" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD BREWIS</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-785-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-785-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-785-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-785-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-785-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-785-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. to unlawfully writing and publishing a libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18860803-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-73" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-73" type="given" value="CHARLES OCTAVIUS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-785-offence-1 t18860803-name-73"/>Charles OctaviusHumphreys</persName> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18860803-785-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-785-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-785-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-785-18860803 t18860803-785-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months'</hi> Imprisonment</rs>.
<rs id="t18860803-785-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-785-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-785-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>There was a further charge against the prisoner for feloniously sending a letter, threatening to kill and murder the said
<persName id="t18860803-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-74" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-74" type="given" value="CHARLES OCTAVIUS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-785-offence-2 t18860803-name-74"/>Charles Octavius Humphreys</persName>, to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-785-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-785-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-785-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<rs id="t18860803-785-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-785-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-785-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-845-18860803 t18860803-785-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">This indictment remains on the files of the Court.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-786">
<interp inst="t18860803-786" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-786" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-786-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-786-18860803 t18860803-786-offence-1 t18860803-786-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-786-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-786-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-786-18860803" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-786-18860803" type="surname" value="HENGER"/>
<interp inst="def1-786-18860803" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REUBEN HENGER</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-786-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-786-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-786-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Unlawfully knowing and abusing
<persName id="t18860803-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-76" type="surname" value="RAPHAEL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-76" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-786-offence-1 t18860803-name-76"/>Annie Raphael</persName>, a girl under the age of thirteen.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-77" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-77" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>MR. CHARLES MATHEWS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">After the case had commenced the prisoner expressed his desire to withdraw his plea of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">>NOT GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-786-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-786-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-786-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">upon which the Jury found him</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-786-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-786-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-786-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-786-18860803 t18860803-786-punishment-15"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-787">
<interp inst="t18860803-787" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-787" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-787-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-787-18860803 t18860803-787-offence-1 t18860803-787-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030015"/>
<persName id="def1-787-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-787-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-787-18860803" type="age" value="63"/>
<interp inst="def1-787-18860803" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-787-18860803" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SMITH</hi> (63),</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-787-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-787-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-787-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/> for an unnatural offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-79" type="surname" value="METCALFE"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-79" type="given" value="AUSTIN"/>MR. AUSTIN METCALFE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18860803-787-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-787-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-787-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the attempt.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-787-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-787-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-787-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-787-18860803 t18860803-787-punishment-16"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-788">
<interp inst="t18860803-788" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-788" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-788-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-788-18860803 t18860803-788-offence-1 t18860803-788-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-788-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-788-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-788-18860803" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-788-18860803" type="surname" value="TONGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-788-18860803" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED TONGE</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-788-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-788-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-788-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18860803-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-81" type="surname" value="TONGE"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-81" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-788-offence-1 t18860803-name-81"/>Mary Ann Tonge</persName> with intent to murder.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-82" type="surname" value="TONGE"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-82" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN TONGE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Tongue, of 38, Paul Street, City Road—the prisoner is my husband's brother—up to three months ago he used to work for my husband—I have another sister-in-law, Mrs. James Tongue, living at 23, Wilmington Square, derkenwell—on 5th July, between 7 and 8 in the evening, I was sitting with her in the kitchen when the prisoner came in; a conversation took place between them con
<lb/>cerning some unfounded reports he had alleged concerning my husband and his brother James—he said he had seen my husband with a woman—I said it was not true—he said "If you will pay me for it I will prove it to you"—I said he was a bad and wicked disposed young man to try and make mischief between man and wife, that I would not pay him, if he wanted money he would have to get it on a different plan—the conversa
<lb/>tion then dropped and my sister-in-law lit the fire, and about a quarter of an hour afterwards she went upstairs to change her dress—I went to poke the fire and the prisoner sprang behind me, and whilst I was stooping down he fetched me two dreadful stabs in the middle of the back, saying "I have got you, you b—"—I ran to the door screaming for help; he caught me and stabbed me on the side of the head, to the bone; he then started to cut my throat on the left side; I caught hold of the razor and kept him off for a time; he wrenched it from my hand and cut me on the right side of the throat, through the dress and collar; I caught hold of the razor, and finding he couldn't use it let go of it; I either then fell or he knocked me down, and he then started to jump on my ribs, and knocked me in the head and face very severely and loosened all my teeth; he then tried to get the razor away from me again; he said "If I cannot get this razor I will choke you"; he then knelt on my chest and buried his two hands in my throat, and I was nearly gone; I begged of him, for my children's sake, to show me some mercy; but he showed me none—he heard a person then coming downstairs and let me get up, and he went into the kitchen and picked my diamond brooch up and threw it into the fire—a lady and gentleman carried me upstairs—my sister came into the kitchen and went out again for a policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-83" type="surname" value="TINGE"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-83" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH TINGE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Tonge, of 23, Wilmington Square, and am sister-in-law to the last witness—on this day she came to see me—between 7 and 8 I was in the kitchen, the prisoner passed the window, and I said "Polly, there is Alfred"—in a few minutes I opened the door, and he came in and down into the kitchen, where the last witness was—he said "Halloa, you are here," or "Good evening," I don't know which it was—I had a conversation with him, and in a certain part my sister-in-law broke in; we spoke about five minutes, and I then went to the other end of the kitchen and attended to the fire, and made some tea—the prisoner had not spoken all that time—while the tea was drawing I went upstairs to arrange my dress—I had just got up there when I heard a dreadful scream; I didn't think it was in my house at first, and</p>
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<p>I then heard another, and recognized her voice—I ran down as quickly as I could, and called out "Whatever is the matter?" and when I got to the bottom of the kitchen stairs I fell over her feet—she was lying there; the prisoner was kneeling on her—one knee was on her chest and the other was in a pool of blood at the side of her head, and both his hands were pressed tightly on her throat—I said "Oh, Alfred, what are you doing? leave her her alone," and I tried to pull him off—he then took his hands off her throat and tried to get the razor, and he said "If I can can get this razor she is a dead' un"—I said "Hold tight, Polly, for a minute," and I ran for assistance.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-84" type="surname" value="CALLENDER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-84" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CALLENDER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 129). On 5th July, at 8 p.m., I was called by the last witness to 23, Wilmington Square—I there saw the prisoner; his hands were covered with blood; he was coming down the steps from the house—I stopped him and said "I want you"—he said "It's all right, governor"—the last witness said "That is the man"—he said "I wish I could have seen her nine days sooner, I should have done for her"—the last witness went into the house to see what was the matter, and came back and told me, and I took the prisoner to the station and Mr. Tonge came and charged him with feloniously cutting and wounding—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-85" type="surname" value="TONGE"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-85" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN TONGE</persName> </hi>. I am the prosecutrix's husband—on 5th July I was called to 23, Wilmington Square—I saw my wife upstairs sitting in a chair, and a doctor attending her—she was holding this razor in her hand; I gave it to the police—the prisoner made a statement at the police-court, nearly all of which I want to contradict—it is not true that he was out of employment six months.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-86" type="surname" value="BAXTER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-86" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BAXTER</persName> </hi>. I am a hairdresser, of 16, Popham Road, Islington—the prisoner lodged with me; he is my wife's brother—this is one of my razors, it was taken from the rack in my shop; I had not seen it for three weeks—the prisoner was at home on the Sunday night before this happened—he was out of work; he is a card-gilder—I saw him go out about 11 on the Monday morning, we did not speak; we were on very friendly terms—I did not see him again till he was at the police-court—he did not take the razor that morning, he must have had it before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-87" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-87" type="surname" value="THURLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-87" type="given" value="ERANCIS EDWARD"/>ERANCIS EDWARD THURLAND</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, of 1, Wilmington Square—on 5th July I was called to attend the prosecutrix—she was suffering from a large scalp wound over the left parietal bone, and one on the right side, not so large; the one on the left side was two inches long, and down to the bone—there were also two cuts on the left side of her throat, crossing one another, they were only skin deep; there was one on the right side rather deeper—there were two punctured wounds in the back, between the shoulder-blades on the right side, about the size of the top of my finger; I should say they went down to the bone, I did not probe them—they were such wounds as might have been caused by this razor; they were triangular, they had gone through the clothing—there were two cuts on the right hand across the palm, and the thumb was cut—the wounds were very serious, especially the one on the left side of the head, from which she had lost a large quantity of blood: and the two in the back, they were only prevented from going into the lung by being made vertically, and the ribs stopping the razor—on 13th July I examined her again in conjunction with Dr. Goddard.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030017"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-88" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-88" type="given" value="EUGENE"/>EUGENE GODDARD</persName> </hi>, M.D., 106, Highbury New Park. I am the family doctor to the Tongue—I saw the prosecutrix about 10 p.m. on 5th July—I have heard Mr. Thurland's description, and agree with it—I have attended her since; she is still under my care—she was greatly exhausted at the time, and suffering from shock, which continued for some time—she has had a serious illness since; she brought up blood from the lungs—that indicated considerable violence—her throat swelled for the next few days; her front teeth were loosened.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner before the Magistrate put in the following written statement:</hi>—"I wish to inform you that I, Alfred Tonge, was last in the employ of Mr. J. J. Tonge six months ago. I tried to get employment elsewhere, but failed in all attempts. I waited months, and then I gave up with the intention of committing suicide, and I procured a razor and a bottle of spirits of salts. On going to Mrs. J. Tonge's on Monday evening, July 4th, to get some money promised, I saw Mrs. J. J. Tonge there, and she began to bully me, which never did me any good, and being at that time homeless, penniless, half starved, and half mad, I rushed at her, at which he screamed, but I remember no more until I found myself at the bottom of the stairs with my knee covered with blood, and my hat on the stairs. I then went up to the door and saw the constable, and was given in charge."</p>
<rs id="t18860803-788-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-788-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-788-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the First Count.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-788-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-788-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-788-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-788-18860803 t18860803-788-punishment-17"/>Fifteen Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th, and Thursday, August</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>; 1886.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-789">
<interp inst="t18860803-789" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-789" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-789-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-789-18860803 t18860803-789-offence-1 t18860803-789-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-789-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-789-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-789-18860803" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-789-18860803" type="surname" value="LEHFELDT"/>
<interp inst="def1-789-18860803" type="given" value="EMIL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMIL LEHFELDT</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-789-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-789-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-789-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering the acceptance to a bill of exchange for 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLURE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-90" type="surname" value="SELL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-90" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SELL</persName> </hi>. I am an advertising agent of 167, Fleet Street—in October last I had executed some advertisement orders for the defendant; he represented himself as the Odontobat Company, of Birmingham—his firm owed me 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in October, and I had obtained judgment for 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of that—on 18th December I received a telephone message purporting to come from the Metropole Hotel, and in the evening I went there and saw the prisoner—he begged me to withdraw proceedings through a solicitor in Birmingham—I had a great many dishonoured cheques and refused to do so unless he gave me some security—he said for some time that he could give nothing; he then said the only thing he could give was an acceptance of the Earl of Devon, and produced this bill for 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I asked him what the Earl of Devon had to do with the Company—he said that he was a friend of his father's—I said, "How do I know it is the Earl of Devon's signature?"—he professed to be very much offended at that, and produced a letter headed "Powdersham Castle, Exeter," and said, "Is that good enough for you?"—it commenced, "The Earl of Devon presents his compliments," I did not read the rest—I said, "All right"—he put it in his pocket again—I knew he had been to Exeter that day; he said he would only part with the bill on one condition, that I would not part with it till it was due, and I gave him this letter to that effect—he then asked for an advance of 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and I gave him this cheque for 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said he could get money on the bill in Birmingham, and he wanted the 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to go on with—on 4th December, when the bill became</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030018"/>
<p>due, I sent it to my bankers, and it was returned dishonoured—I had received on December 3rd this letter, dated December 2nd—I have seen the prisoner write; it is in his writing. (
<hi rend="italic">This requested that the bill might be returned without the witness's name appearing upon it. Signed, E. Lehfeldt.</hi>) On 5th December I received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated December</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th, from the prisoner, stating that he was going to Exeter, and requesting him to return the bill, and receipt a bill for</hi> 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.) He had previously given me this bill (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) for 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., signed "Devon"—I passed it through in the ordinary way, and it was returned dishonoured—I saw the prisoner after the 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill was returned, and said I was much annoyed at losing the money—he said that the bills were all right, and I should get my money if I would stop and leave it over; he was going to get some one to buy the trade marks, and then he would take up the bills and give me a lot of money in return—I told him that both bills had been returned—he said they were all right, but he had rather not go into par
<lb/>ticulars as to his connections with the Earl of Devon if I would not press it—I had at that time placed the matter in my solicitor's hands—I recovered from the prisoner in January the 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. which I had lent him, but I never had any more—the Odontobat Company went into liquida
<lb/>tion—about May 27th I called and saw the Earl of Devon—I had written to the Earl on the dishonoured bill, saying that I should take proceedings—I received no answer, and placed the matter in my solicitor's hands—I saw the Earl on the 27th and showed him the acceptances for 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I afterwards applied for a warrant at Bow Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not satisfy myself that the Odontobat was a limited company—the advertisements which created the debt of 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. began about July, 1885—they wore exclusively for advertising that Com
<lb/>pany; it was for tooth powder and preparations of that sort—on 7th or 8th December I directed Mr. Good heart, my solicitor, to go to Birming-ham, which he did—the prisoner never told me that he had been a master at Tiverton school, or that he had been a teacher in private families—he always expressed a hope for a great success of the Company—I did not return the 180
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill before receiving the 130
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; that had gone into my bank—the 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was given to him and I received the 180
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill that night—I did not see the Earl of Devon or his solicitor till May, and I went to the police-court on June 8th and took proceedings on the 180
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill; I do not think there were any proceedings on the 130
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—after going to the Earl I saw his solicitor, Mr. Lake, who was a witness at Bow Street—he did not show me a number of bills of which Lehfeldt was the drawer and the Earl of Devon the acceptor—I have never seen a statement of the accounts.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-91" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-91" type="surname" value="DEVON"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-91" type="given" value="EARL OF"/>THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF DEVON</persName> </hi>. I live at Powdersham Castle, Exeter—the acceptance to this 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill is not my signature, and neither is this bill of 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I gave no one authority to accept these two bills for me—these three documents purport to be accepted by me, but they are all forgeries—I did not authorise any one to accept them for me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not pay for them afterwards, or for any bills of this description after they were dishonoured, nor did Mr. Lake by my instruc
<lb/>tions—I do not know the prisoner as the tutor to my son; his father was German master at Tiverton School many years ago, and I have assisted him—I instructed my solicitor to make inquiries and give him assistance; that has been going on for three or four years—he never was in my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030019"/>
<p>employ in any way—I do not know that he was a tutor in Lord Aberdeen's family—I do not think he has been received at Powdersham Castle by my steward when I was away, but he has called on me there and also at my lodgings in London—no communication was made to me about the 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill before it was accepted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-92" type="surname" value="SELL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-92" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). All these documents are in the prisoner's writing, both body and signatures.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-93" type="surname" value="GOODHEART"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-93" type="given" value="FREDERICH EMANUEL"/>FREDERICH EMANUEL GOODHEART</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Good heart and Metcalfe, of Great George Street, Westminster, solicitors to the prosecution—we have acted for Mr. Sell—these dishonoured bills were put into my hands in December, and on 15th December I went to Bir
<lb/>migham and saw the prisoner—I produced the 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill, and told him I had heard rumours of its being a forgery—he asked who had informed me of that fact—I said Messrs. Lake and Co."—he said, "You have not seen Lord Devon about it"—I said "No"—he said, I think it is only fair to me before you accuse me or suggest such a charge, to see Lord Devon himself," and he emphatically protested that it was Lord Devon's signature, and added that his personal relations with Lord Devon were such as justified his asking his Lordship to lend him money, and that he had assisted him by giving him these acceptances—he satisfied me with his explanation, and told me of the new arrangement come to with Mr. Birch, of the Odontobat Company, and his relations with him and with Lord Devon were such as justified me in accepting his statement—I proposed that the 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. which were due should be paid, and he asserted again that there was no difficulty in paying it; he was to see Mr. Birch, the owner of the business, and get him with himself to write to Mr. Sell a letter proposing at what date the 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. should be repaid, and a written arrangement was entered into—I have not got the document with me, but it was agreed to pay 68
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on January 1st, 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on February 1st, and 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on March 1st—the 68
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid within a day or two of the time named, but no other installment was paid—several letters passed between me and Mr. Lehfeldt in reference to this arrangement.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I went to Birmingham on the night of the 15th I only took the 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. acceptance with me—I had not heard of the 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. one at that time—I saw him on the 16th—I had not heard about the Earl of Devon till the night of the 15th—Mr. Birch was not present at the interview—I believe he is the owner of the business; it is not a limited company—I did not suggest the amount the prisoner should pay down—he said it was impossible to pay the 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. because Mr. Birch had got the capital locked up—I said, "You make your own proposals, my client has no wish to be hard on you, all he wants is his money, you have put him to the expense of bringing me down here"—he suggested that he should pay the 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for my expenses—it was arranged to pay the 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. within 14 days, and we had to get Mr. Birch's guarantee for the whole amount—he and Mr. Birch wrote the guarantee, but not in my presence—it was sent on to me in the form of a letter—the 68
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. came in due course—I think I wrote him to be punctual—I wrote to him several times when the instalments were not paid—I went to America on 14th March—I have got Mr. Birch's responsibility for the whole amount, but unfortunately he is bankrupt; I heard that last June—I attended at a meeting of his creditors and heard of there being other bills about, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030020"/>
<p>then I sent Mr. Sell to Lord Devon—until Mr. Birch's responsibility was shown to be worthless I made no inquiries.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have had the conduct of this case—I went away to America, and came back in May—he said distinctly that Lord Devon had assisted him with this particular acceptance.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-94" type="surname" value="LAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-94" type="given" value="BENJAMIN GREENE"/>BENJAMIN GREENE LAKE</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Lake, Bennett, and Lake, solicitors for the Earl of Devon.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I first knew Lehfeldt two years ago; he came to me—there had been many advances made to him by the Earl, some hundreds of pounds; not strictly advances, but his Lordship guaranteed the money as he was anxious to pay off liabilities, and it was to start him in business—I last saw Lechfeldt three or four months ago; that was in reference to his having used Lord Devon's name—he did not say he had authority to do it; he said he was very sorry indeed, and he was a ruined man—that was not in reference to the Odontobat speculation—he spoke about being a ruined man before Birch's failure—he came to me and admitted that he had wrote Lord Devon's name without authority—one bill for 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. signed in that writing has been paid; it was dated March 24th, 1884; it was presented at the Earl's bankers and referred to me, and I stated it to be a forgery—I called the signatures to this 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill and 310
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill disguised, I believe they are traced—I do not think the "v" in "Devon" is precisely the same as his Lordship uses, my opinion is the other way; I should not say there is the slightest similarity to his Lordship's writing—the "v "written in the address of the bill is entirely different to the "v" which purports to be written by the Earl of Devon as acceptor.</p>
<rs id="t18860803-789-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-789-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-789-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of the first bill having been paid.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-789-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-789-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-789-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-789-18860803 t18860803-789-punishment-18"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-790">
<interp inst="t18860803-790" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-790" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-790-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-790-18860803 t18860803-790-offence-1 t18860803-790-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-790-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-790-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-790-18860803" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-790-18860803" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-790-18860803" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN THOMAS</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-790-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-790-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-790-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-790-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-790-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-790-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to breaking and entering the counting house of
<persName id="t18860803-name-96" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-96" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-96" type="given" value="PERCIVAL GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-790-offence-1 t18860803-name-96"/>Percival George Robinson</persName> and stealing a set of studs and other articles, his property.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-790-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-790-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-790-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-790-18860803 t18860803-790-punishment-19"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-791">
<interp inst="t18860803-791" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-791" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-791-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-791-18860803 t18860803-791-offence-1 t18860803-791-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-791-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-791-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-791-18860803" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-791-18860803" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-791-18860803" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GRANT</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-791-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-791-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-791-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to forging and uttering an order for the payment of 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18860803-791-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-791-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-791-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-791-18860803 t18860803-791-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18860803-791-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-791-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-791-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-792">
<interp inst="t18860803-792" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-792" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-792-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-792-18860803 t18860803-792-offence-1 t18860803-792-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-792-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-792-18860803 t18860803-792-offence-2 t18860803-792-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-792-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-792-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-792-18860803" type="surname" value="MOFFAT"/>
<interp inst="def1-792-18860803" type="given" value="RICHARD HENRY GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD HENRY GEORGE MOFFAT</hi>, Unlawfully</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-792-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-792-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-792-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/> co
<lb/>mitting acts of indecency with
<persName id="t18860803-name-99">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-99" type="surname" value="WESTCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-99" type="given" value="ARTHUR FREDERICK"/>Arthur Frederick Westcott</persName> and
<persName id="t18860803-name-100">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-100" type="surname" value="TELFER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-100" type="given" value="HERBERT ALEXANDER"/>Herbert Alexander Telfer</persName>, and </rs>
<persName id="def2-792-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-792-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-792-18860803" type="surname" value="FILLINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="def2-792-18860803" type="given" value="ROBERT CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT CHARLES FILLINGHAM</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18860803-792-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-792-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-792-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/> being a party to the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Moffat, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. E. CLARKE</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">for Fillingham.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOFFAT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-792-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-792-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-792-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-792-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-792-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-792-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-792-18860803 t18860803-792-punishment-21"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FILLINGHAM</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-792-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-792-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-792-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-793">
<interp inst="t18860803-793" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-793" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-793-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-793-18860803 t18860803-793-offence-1 t18860803-793-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-793-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-793-18860803 t18860803-793-offence-2 t18860803-793-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-793-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-793-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-793-18860803" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-793-18860803" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JOHNSON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18860803-793-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-793-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-793-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-793-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-793-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-793-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to embezzling 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., the moneys of the
<persName id="t18860803-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-103" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-793-offence-1 t18860803-name-103"/>Guardians of the Brentford Union</persName>, his masters,</rs> and
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18860803-793-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-793-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-793-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to falsification of his accounts.—</rs>
<rs id="t18860803-793-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-793-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-793-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-793-18860803 t18860803-793-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-794">
<interp inst="t18860803-794" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-794" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-794-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-794-18860803 t18860803-794-offence-1 t18860803-794-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-794-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-794-18860803" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-794-18860803" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-794-18860803" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE LEWIS</hi>, Endeavouring</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-794-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-794-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-794-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/> to conceal the birth of her child.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-794-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-794-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-794-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-795">
<interp inst="t18860803-795" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-795" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-795-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-795-18860803 t18860803-795-offence-1 t18860803-795-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030021"/>
<persName id="def1-795-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-795-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-795-18860803" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-795-18860803" type="surname" value="BENTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-795-18860803" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER BENTLEY</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-795-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-795-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-795-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing nine post-office orders and thirteen postal orders, the property of
<persName id="t18860803-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-106" type="surname" value="SPEECHLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-106" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-795-offence-1 t18860803-name-106"/>Thomas Speechley</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-107" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-107" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWARD"/>GEORGE EDWARD COOPER</persName> </hi>. I am ledger-clerk in the City of London Court—one of the old courts in the Guildhall has been fitted up as an office—the public can come into the passage and there are a number of loopholes to speak to the clerks—it was part of my duty to receive pay
<lb/>ment at the Court—on Friday, 9th July, I received nine post-office orders, value 33
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 13 postal orders, value 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I put them into a banker's black wallet, which I put on a shelf over one of the windows to which the public come—it was safe there at about a quarter to 1 o'clock—I went into another part of the office to get an address, and was not a minute away, but on coming back Mr. Walker, a clerk, spoke to me, and in consequence of what he said I missed my wallet—a person outside could not see the shelf, but he could put his arm in and take any
<lb/>thing out—information was given to the police—I had seen the prisoner about the office nearly all the morning, about three or four yards from my window, in the passage way to the public court—he was standing there doing nothing apparently—next day I saw the wallet at the Merchant Seamen's Registry, just by the old Bankruptcy Court—I found the three postal orders, one for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and two for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each, had been taken out of it; they had been all together in one pocket—the postal orders, which you can cash anywhere, are the property of Thomas Speechley—I did not see the prisoner again till he was tried—I am sure the prisoner is the man—I have known him a long time, he has been hanging about our place for a long time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I am sure as to the time—there was nothing suspicious in your being in the court that morning—I have often seen you there, but you have not been there so much this summer—I had no reason to suppose you contemplated anything—you got there about 10.30 I think—I took the numbers of all of the postal orders—notice has been given to the Post-office that they are missing—I don't know if they have been traced.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I saw him that morning at half-past 10, and after the wallet was lost I saw nothing of him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner.</hi> It would not be an unusual thing for me to miss you suddenly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-108" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-108" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES JARVIS</persName> </hi>. I attend to the Counsel's Robing Room at Guildhall—on Friday, 9th July, I was passing through the passage a little before 1 o'clock, in front of the window where Mr. Cooper is engaged, and I saw the prisoner with his hand in the cashier's pigeon-hole—his hand was inside—he took out a black leather case—I saw it actually in his hand as he withdrew it—he opened the wallet and looked in, and when he saw me looking he put it under his coat—he then strolled out, and I spoke to Mr. Walker, a clerk upstairs; he at once spoke to Mr. Cooper, who looked, and missed the wallet—the prisoner had then gone—I had seen him earlier in the morning, and am quite sure he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You were not quite two seconds at the window—it was not my business to stop you, and I had known you in there for some time—your right hand was in the window, and when you took it out you turned round and saw me—I was standing at the corner of No. 3 pigeon.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030022"/>
<p>hole—I can't say this is the same wallet that I saw in your hand, but it is the same size and colour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-109" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-109" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WALKER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the City of London Court—on Friday, 9th July, I was at the court—Jarvis a little before 1 o'clock spoke to me, and I saw the prisoner walking towards the office door from Mr. Cooper's window to go out—he had to pass by me, I made room for him to pass—I immediately spoke to Mr. Cooper, and saw him search for the wallet over the shelf; it had gone—two or three minutes had elapsed between the time I saw him passing out till the time Mr. Cooper missed it—I rushed out, but the prisoner had gone, I could not find him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I thought it best to communicate with Mr. Cooper before coming to you—you turned towards Basinghall Street to the left; I saw you turn the corner, and lost sight of you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-110" type="surname" value="PARFIT"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-110" type="given" value="JOHN THEOPHILUS"/>JOHN THEOPHILUS PARFIT</persName> </hi>. I live at 66, Cheshire Street, Bethnal Green, and am employed at 18, Gracechurch Street—about 11 o'clock on 10th July I was passing by the Merchant Seamen's Registry, Basinghall Street, and I saw this black case in the grating there—I went on my business—when I came back, about 12 o'clock, it was still there—I tried to get it up, but could not—the people in the house were spoken to about it and Mr. Thayer got it out—Constable Lythal was sent for; it was given to him, and I saw him open and examine it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-111" type="surname" value="THAYER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-111" type="given" value="ALFRED BOYLE"/>ALFRED BOYLE THAYER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to the Merchant Seamen's Registry Office, Basinghall Street—on 10th July, about 12 o'clock, my attention was called to this wallet, and I took it out of the grating and handed it to Lythal—I saw him open it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-112" type="surname" value="MLYTHAL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-112" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL MLYTHAL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). On Friday, 9th July, I went to 98, Cottingham Road, Holloway, about 9 o'clock—the prisoner was then leaving the house; I knew him before—I said "I shall take you into custody for stealing a quantity of postal orders and post-office orders in the City of London Court to-day"—he replied "I do not know anything about them"—he was taken to the City by Constable Williams and searched—nothing relating to the charge was found on him—on the following day I was down in the basement of the building when Mr. Thayer gave me this case; it was shown to Mr. Cooper—I found in it nine postal orders and a cheque—the postal orders have not yet been traced, nor have they been paid in.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence said he had worked at the Court and went there to speak to Mr. Cooper about some cricket balls; that he had no opportunity of doing so, and went away, reaching home at twenty-five minutes to two.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-113" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-113" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWARD"/>GEORGE EDWARD COOPER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I believe the prisoner has occasionally worked there, but very seldom.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-795-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-795-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-795-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-796">
<interp inst="t18860803-796" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-796" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-796-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-796-18860803 t18860803-796-offence-1 t18860803-796-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-796-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-796-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-796-18860803" type="age" value="64"/>
<interp inst="def1-796-18860803" type="surname" value="EDELMANN"/>
<interp inst="def1-796-18860803" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT EDELMANN</hi> (64)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-796-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-796-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-796-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a diamond ring, the property of
<persName id="t18860803-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-115" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-115" type="surname" value="HILGENBERG"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-115" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-796-offence-1 t18860803-name-115"/>Louisa Hilgenberg</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-116" type="surname" value="HILGENBERG"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-116" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA HILGENBERG</persName> </hi>. I have been a widow for 35 years—I live at 33, Spolsdorf Road, Hackney—in June 1 was carrying on a chemist's business at 38, Houndsditch—I gave it up last week—I owned the business and had passed an examination, and was a member of the Pharmaceutical Society—I have known the prisoner five or six years as a customer, bat had not seen him for three years till 14th June, when he came in and bought some Eno's fruit salt—he told me he had come from India, where</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030023"/>
<p>he had been building railways, and showed me a plan of where he had gone in India, and said they were going to make him Governor of the Colonies of India, and showed me a letter which I refused to read—I believed what he told me and thought he was a man of pretty good posi
<lb/>tion—I had this ring on then; he admired it and said it was of very good value—I took it off—I said that I gave 22
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for it and asked him if it was worth it—he said "Yes, very well worth it"—I said that I very seldom wore it because I had been ill in the winter, and my finger had got smaller and it slipped off—he said that it could soon be made smaller—I said I did not like to part with it, they might change the stones—on 18th June be came in again and took out of his pocket an invoice with the name of Beaumont, a jeweller, on it—he said he lived in Hackney Downs and he would take the ring if I trusted him and would very easily bring it back next day, and they would not steal any stones from it—I let him have it and he took it away to have it altered and made to fit—I did not see him again for some days—I felt very anxious—four or five days after he walked past; I called to him and said "Mr. Edelmann, you have not brought my ring back yet"—he said, "I am going to fetch it now," and went away, saying he had not time to stop—not seeing him again I made inquiries about him, and on 2nd July heard he was in a private hotel, a German Young Men's Home, at 28, Finsbury Square—I went there and heard he was ill—the housemaid took me to a ward with several beds and gentlemen in them—the prisoner was there very ill—I said I had heard he was very ill—he said "Yes;" his teeth shook and he was very sick, he was very ill indeed—I said nothing, about the ring then—he brought oat a little box of quinine and said he could not dissolve it, I dissolved it for him—next day I went to see him particularly about my ring, he was up and dressed and much better—I said "I particularly come about my ring, I want my ring"—he looked round and told me to sit down and said, "The things are all packed away, I shall not be able to find it now while I am so bad; I do not like to get up from the couch, I will bring it to you to-morrow morning"—I went away on that promise—next day, Sunday, 4th July, he came to where I lived in Spolsdorf Road—I asked him about the ring; he told me another story and made excuses, but did not give it me—on Monday, the next day, I went at 10 o'clock to the hotel with my landlady and saw the prisoner in the passage there—I said "I am now come only for my ring and I will not leave you before you show me what you have done with it"—he then took me to Finsbury Pavement into an Italian coffee shop—I said "I am not going to leave you; you show me where my ring is"—he then took out of his pocket this pawn-ticket and gave it to me. (
<hi rend="italic">Thin was for a diamond ring, pawned with Smith and Dimond of Newgate Street, on</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th June</hi>, 1886,
<hi rend="italic">for</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of Edelmann, of the General Post Office.</hi>) He said "If you wait till next Tuesday, this day week, the ship is coming from Australia with some money for me, and then I will give you the money for that ring"—I did not believe that and went straight to the police-station in Bishops-gate Street and asked for advice—the police afterwards took the prisoner into custody—until he gave me the ticket on 15th July I did not think the ring was pawned.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was married a second time to Mr. Fitt, but he was divorced from me because he took the goods of my children by Mr. Hilgenberg—you said you had come from Panama through the Brazils,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030024"/>
<p>and had been sick of fever, and you asked my advice as to a doctor and I told you to go to Dr. Ludvig—you did not say you only had 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., nor did you show it to me—you told me something about being sent by the Government, and that you had put 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in the bank to buy things for the natives in Burmah—I did not say I should like to go with you to Burmah—I did not say that I had sold my shop to a chemist in Finsbury Pavement for 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., nor that if you took me to India I would put the 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in a business and act as chemist there, and as housekeeper and wife to you—I never agreed that we should go to Burmah together, nor that you should attend to all outside work for me till the end of June, when I was to give up the shop—you have not been buying wine, brandy, fish, and provisions for me; you never bought anything for me—you never advanced me any money—the whole house in which my shop was I had for 36 years—there was a parlour at the back—I was always alone in the parlour—I never made love to you nor put myself on your knees—we never lived together—I never borrowed money of you nor said I would repay it when Koch bought my shop for 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—you did not advance me 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and then say you could not advance more—I did not give you two rings to sell for yourself; you did not bring them back and say you could not get the price for them I asked—I did not say I must have 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and ask you to pawn the rings as I did not want to do so myself—I did not tell you I did not like to go myself because the man who was about to buy my business would say I did not attend to it—I did not tell you to pawn the ring in your own name and to bring the money to me—you did not bring me the money, 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., on the Friday afternoon, nor did you give it to me with the ticket—you were not my agent—I said if you saw an empty apartment to let at Hackney Downs you might go and see it, and if it was decent to let me know—I said nothing about the proprietor of the shop taking possession of the shop and selling the furniture if I was not out by the Saturday—you said you had found a respectable place, and I went with you to see it—I paid for myself—I had no money with me, and you lent me 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to pay a deposit—this is the receipt—I gave you back the 10". when I got to Houndsditch—we did not agree to live together in Hackney—after I took the rooms we went to a coffee-shop and had tea and coffee—I did not make love to you in the railway-carriage coming home, nor put myself on your knee, or put my arms round you—you came home with me, and I gave you the 10"., and you went away—you did not come at half-past 9 or 10 o'clock and say you had lost your purse with 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I gave you no medicine—you were never with me till 12 o'clock—I never locked the door when you were with me—you did not send on the Wednesday to say you were dangerously ill—Mr. Jacobs was with you once when I came; you were whispering together when I came in—he is a relation of yours—I never had any pawn-tickets—I was not offering pawn-tickets to any one two weeks before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was 36 years at this shop, and paid the rent, 45
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—with the exception of the 10*. the prisoner lent me to pay the deposit, and which I repaid, he has never lent me a halfpenny—the landlady is here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-117" type="surname" value="VOKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-117" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED VOKINS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Messrs. Smith and Dimond, pawn-brokers, 80, Newgate Street—I produce a ticket for a diamond pawned there on 18th June for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., in the name of Albert Edelm</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030025"/>
<p>G. P.O.—to the best of my belief the prisoner is the person who pledged it, and I gave him this ticket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-118" type="surname" value="LEHMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-118" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT LEHMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). The witness James Jones arrested and brought the prisoner to the station, where the prosecutrix charged him—I searched, and on him found a passport and 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the inspector read the charge to him three times and said, "If you have anything to say in answer to the charge I will caution you; you must be careful what you say, as I don't want you to commit yourself"—he said, "I have nothing to say"—he was asked twice after that, and said nothing—afterwards he said that what he had to say he would say to the Magistrate.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You were arrested on my instructions.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-119" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-119" type="given" value="CATHERINE MARY"/>CATHERINE MARY THOMAS</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, living at 33, Sparlsdorf Road, Hackney—my daughter lets part of that house in apartments—the prisoner came by himself, and afterwards with the prosecutrix, to take lodgings—the prisoner paid 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. which had to be left on deposit—afterwards the prisoner called once when she was out, and once when she was at home; he stopped a quarter of an hour then—I heard some sort of an altercation, and as he came downstairs I heard her say, "Bring back my ring"—that was on Sunday, 4th July, and I think the next day she showed me the pawn-ticket.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I could not hear what was said before on the Sunday, because you spoke German—I told you to go upstairs to her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that the prosecutrix had given him the ring to pawn for her, and that he had done so and given her the money.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-120" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-120" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-120" type="given" value="ARIS"/>ARIS JACOBS</persName> </hi>. I have known you over six years, and know you to be a thorough gentlemen—I know the prosecutrix as a neighbour of mine—I should think I have seen you go into her place three or four times a week—you attended the synagogue several times—you sent for me when you were ill—I found Mrs. Hildenberg attending to you, wiping down your forehead and kissing and cuddling you, and I was so disgusted I would not stop longer—I believe she was showing tickets—I saw some
<lb/>thing with 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on it, I could not say it was this one—she showed me a pawn-ticket, I can't say it was this one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-796-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-796-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-796-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">The Jury stated that they did not believe the charges which the prisoner had made against the prosecutrix.—
<rs id="t18860803-796-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-796-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-796-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-796-18860803 t18860803-796-punishment-23"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1886.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant,.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-797">
<interp inst="t18860803-797" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-797" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-797-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-797-18860803 t18860803-797-offence-1 t18860803-797-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-797-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-797-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-797-18860803" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-797-18860803" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-797-18860803" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT COHEN</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-797-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-797-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-797-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t18860803-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-122" type="surname" value="HENNES"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-122" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-797-offence-1 t18860803-name-122"/>Ernest Hennes</persName> 600 cigars, with intent to defraud, and other goods from other persons, with a like intent.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TICKELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-123" type="surname" value="HENNES"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-123" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST HENNES</persName> </hi>. I am a cigar manufacturer, at 173, St. John street Road, Clerkenwell—on 6th May I received from my assistant, Allaway, this cheque for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. drawn by Julius Bohm in my favour on the London Provident Bank, in payment for the 600 cigars—I paid it into my bank, the National, on 8th May—before it came back I received another order in writing from the prisoner for 500 cigars, and in conse
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030026"/>
<p>I sent them on the 10th, and my assistant brought back a second cheque for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., drawn by Julius Bohm on the same bank—next day, the 11th, the first cheque came back marked "Refer to drawer"—he second cheque was also returned so marked—I received this letter, signed R. Cohen. (
<hi rend="italic">Frank Medrington here stated that this letter was in the prisoner's writing. The letter, dated from the Cigar Divan, 302, Holloway Road, stated that he had received a note from Mr. Bohm saying that by some error his cheque had not been paid; that he was very sorry, but that if it were paid in again it would no doubt be paid.</hi>) I also received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Dated</hi> 16.5.6,
<hi rend="italic">and signed R. Cohen, and stating that Mrs. Cohen had informed him she had promised that he would call last night; that he was sorry business had prevented him, but that he would send the amount for the cheque next day.</hi>) In pursuance of the request I again paid in the cheque for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and it was again returned marked "Refer to drawer"—after that I tried to find Mr. Cohen—I went once to the Cigar Divan, 302, Holloway Road; I went to his private house, 120, Devonshire Road—I could not find him—I applied for a warrant.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I sent the 600 cigars in the morning, and my assistant got your cheque in the evening—I came once to your private house with a gentleman; I saw your wife—she did not tell me you came home every day after business—I took out a summons against you in the County Court for the two amounts together, 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I could not serve the summons, as you had gone away—after I went to the County Court I had an interview with Orlbach, the proprietor of a public-house—I swear I did not conspire with him to take the summons out to bring you into trouble, and to make a strong affidavit against you to have you charged—Orlbach is a customer of mine, and a German—I do not know that his sister is the wife of Bohm's brother—I never spoke to another gentleman, Mr. Bohm, in my office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-124" type="surname" value="ALLAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-124" type="given" value="ANDREW GEORGE"/>ANDREW GEORGE ALLAWAY</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Albion Buildings, Clerk en well Road, and am employed by Mr. Hennes—on 6th May I delivered 600 cigars to the prisoner at 302, Holloway Road, and he gave me this cheque for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I saw him fill it up, but not sign it—I saw the signature "Julius Bohm" on it directly after he filled it up—on 10th May I went again to the same place with 500 cigars, and the prisoner gave me a second cheque for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; that was already signed Julius Bohm—I saw him fill it up—he tore the cheques out of a cheque-book, in which two cheques remained—I knew his name was Cohen—he said to me of his own accord "This Julius Bohm is a brother-in-law of mine, and owes me 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and has signed a cheque-book through for me"—I should think it was a cheque-book of about 25 cheques, and after the two he gave me two were left.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I brought the first lot of cigars in the morning, and called in the evening for a cheque—on the second occasion I said to you "My governor is rather surprised that the cheque is signed Julius Bohm," and then you told me Julius Bohm was a brother-in-law of yours, and that he owed you 200/. or 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and that he had signed a cheque-book through.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-125" type="surname" value="WARAIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-125" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR WARAIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am salesman to Hubbard and Co., cigar manu
<lb/>facturers, of 112, Aldersgate Street—on Tuesday, 4th May, the prisoner called at my warehouse and gave the name of R. Cohen—he had been a cash customer before, and had paid for goods on delivery, and the week</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030027"/>
<p>previously he had one parcel on credit to the amount of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he ordered cigars to the amount of 11
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he arranged to call for the goods, and to pay for them when he took them away—subsequently, on the same day they were delivered to the prisoner's man, who gave in payment this cheque, signed Julius Bohm, for 11
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—it was not endorsed—I sent it back, and it came back endorsed R. Cohen—I paid it into my bank, the London and County, and it was returned marked "Refer to drawer"—I communicated with the prisoner, and received this letter, dated" 5th May, the Cigar Divan, 302, Hollo way Road," and signed "R. Cohen." (
<hi rend="italic">This regretted that through some mistake the cheque for</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">had been dishonoured, and requested that it should be presented again, when it world no doubt be paid.</hi>) I paid it in again, and it came back and was not paid—on 8th May I went and saw the prisoner at the Cigar Divan, Hollo way Road, about the cheque, and asked him for the money—he said he would come down on Tuesday and pay Messrs. Hub
<lb/>bard and Co. the whole amount, and furthermore he would pay money into the bank to their account, so that they could hold money of his for future transactions—he never did come, and never paid money into the bank—I did not see him again till I saw him at the police-court—the cigar divan in the Holloway Road was open when I went on the 8th—I did not go after that.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The cheque was not endorsed when it came to me—I do not know if we took out a summons against you in the Mayor's Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-126" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-126" type="given" value="ALFRED PEARCY"/>ALFRED PEARCY BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Hubbard and Co.—I do not know whether any proceedings were taken against the prisoner in the Mayor's Court or not, there may have been—we have received nothing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-127" type="surname" value="NELSON"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-127" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD NELSON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Finsbury Park branch of the London and South-Western Bank, where the prisoner opened an account in January in the name of Julius Bohm—I then took his signature in our book—these cheques signed Bohm are signed by the prisoner, I have no doubt of that—Mr. Barclay is our manager—we keep a dishonoured and returned cheque book—this is an examined copy pi extracts from it. (
<hi rend="italic">This gave a list of dishonoured cheques during January, February, March, and April.</hi>) This is a certified copy of the prisoner's account with us. (
<hi rend="italic">This showed that the account was opened with</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">paid in, and that other small sums were afterwards paid in.</hi>) on January 15th he drew out 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and al
<lb/>together he drew out 33
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in January—we credited him with a short bill which we discounted and which was not paid, we then debited him with it—then there was another bill he was to collect, which was first credited and afterwards debited to him—on June 26th his account was overdrawn 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and we wrote that off—altogether he has only paid us in in good coin about 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and the rest was merely cross entries of bad bills which we had to collect—the 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. paid in was all drawn out almost immediately except 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—this is one of the returned cheques for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. signed Julius Bohm by the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Bohm gave a reference and we had a satisfactory answer, we imagined from a
<hi rend="italic">bond fide</hi> person.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> We wrote to the person whose name and address the prisoner gave us, we made no personal inquiry.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-128" type="surname" value="BROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-128" type="given" value="EDWIN FREDERICK"/>EDWIN FREDERICK BROOK</persName> </hi>. I am agent to Joseph Wilmhurst Pewtrees,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030028"/>
<p>of Godalming—I knew the prisoner as Julius Goldman—I saw him write that name in this book on behalf of Mr. Pewtress—on 3rd April I agreed to sell the prisoner certain fixtures of the value of 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the premises 302, Holloway Road, Islington—he gave in part payment a cheque for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., dated April 3rd, and signed Julius Bohm, in favour of J. Gold
<lb/>man, and endorsed J. Goldman on the London Provident Bank—I allowed him to take possession of the futures—the cheque was paid in and returned dishonoured—he has never paid the 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the balance of 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. he paid me in cash when he gave me the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You signed an agreement for the house in Holloway Egad for three years on 5tn April—there were arrangements about doing the house up—you became a tenant—I have taken out a summons against you in the County Court, not against some one else—I am not aware that a summons has been taken out against Mr. Bohm, I left it in my solicitor's hands—I don't know if judgment has been obtained against Bohm—I can't say when I heard you were arrested—the rent would not be due till 24th June—I did not go and open the house by force and take possession of it and the fixtures, till after the rent was due, I believe I did so on 28th June—I sent a registered letter to you which was returned marked "Gone away"—you promised to come and pay me the money two or three times—I never refused to do any repairs—I did not get all the fixtures back, a lot of them were removed from the premises—I have had to spend a lot of money to do the place up, it was left in a filthy state—I have had to paper the parlours—I saw the name of Cohen there and said "What is that name?"—you said "That is a man I have let the top floor to"—I said "What is he?"—you said "He is an agent in musical instru
<lb/>ments"—you gave me, when you took the house, a reference to a Charles Raphael; I found it was entirely false—I went down there—I did not see him, but I found there were a lot of cheques in the same way down there—you gave me as another reference a gasfitter in the Seven Sisters Road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined. (The reference from Charles Raphael was read. It stated that Goldman had travelled for him for the last eighteen months, and that he had found him always honest and most respectable; that he would no doubt be a very good tenant and would pay the rent promptly.</hi>) That was dated 1st April—the prisoner never paid me a farthing rent—the rent was 65
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year, payable quarterly—I can't say how long he had the premises before the rent became due—when I took possession on 28th June I found some fixtures had been removed—I knew his wife had removed them—a num
<lb/>ber of things were gone—I did not take a witness with me when I went in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-129" type="surname" value="HAWES"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HAWES</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Caroline Goldstone, a coffee-house keeper of 252, Euston Road—on 16th May she sold some fixtures to the prisoner for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and on May 19th the prisoner, in my presence, wrote and signed this cheque for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">This was drawn on the London and Provi
<lb/>dent Bank to bearer and was signed R. Cohen</hi>). Miss Goldstone paid it away to the Gas Company, it was dishonoured, and the Company cut off the gas—it has never been paid.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I let you this house on 16th May—my son signed the agreement and I witnessed it—you paid no more than 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the fixtures—You paid 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in gold—you had an agreement for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I saw this letter, about handing back the cheque when you did up the w.c, at the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030029"/>
<p>police-court, but Miss Goldstone told me she did not sign it—I did not know you had taken away any of the furniture or fixtures till I took pos
<lb/>session—I did not know you were gone till I heard you were locked up—you were to take possession on the 24th, but we allowed you to go in for the day and get ready—before that nobody slept on the premises—I was away when you were arrested or no one would have taken anything out of the shop—I think Mr. Higginbottom took away some fixtures, I never got them back, 1 never received anything.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-130" type="surname" value="HOLLY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-130" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HOLLY</persName> </hi>. I am agent to William Higginbottom, a furniture dealer of 373, Euston Road—in May last the prisoner ordered goods of me to the amount of over 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I knew him as Cohen—on 19th May, the day before I delivered the furniture, he gave me this cheque for 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., drawn by R. Cohen—we afterwards delivered the goods and presented the cheque for payment; it was returned marked "Refer to drawer"—I have never been paid—the total value of the furniture supplied was 31
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We arranged with you to fit up a place in Euston Road for 31
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—we did not fulfil the contract, but we delivered goods sufficient for you to open your business; they were worth about 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and with the glasses we lent you the value would come up to about the amount stated—you paid the balance with the cheque—at your request I presented the cheque a second and third time—on 4th June I went to your shop and took out all the glasses I could find, and the marble tops as well which I supplied to you, but I could not find all the things I had supplied.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I got back a portion of my goods by seizing thorn, but not all; those I have got are not more damaged than by fair wear—the goods were delivered at Holloway Road and the Euston Road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-131" type="surname" value="MEDRINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-131" type="given" value="FRANK PERCY"/>FRANK PERCY MEDRINGTON</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the London Provi
<lb/>dent Bank, 51, Moorgate Street—I know the prisoner by sight—the cheques signed R. Cohen, and drawn on that Bank, are drawn by him—an account was also opened at the bank in the name of Julius Bohm—I cannot speak to the person who opened that—I produce an examined copy of Cohen's account with the bank—on 19th May he paid in 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and on the same day drew out 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., nothing more was paid in—he was debited with 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for a cheque book, leaving 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. to his credit—this is the dishonoured cheque book, showing a list of twenty dishonoured cheques of Cohen's—this is a correct copy of Julius Bohm's account, which was opened on May 11th by a payment in of 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; next day 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 10 guineas were paid in—after that date there was never a balance of more than 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—this is a copy of the dishonoured cheques book; it shows over 50 cheques presented on that account and dishonoured. (
<hi rend="italic">Among others was one payable to Raphael on March</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th, which had been dishonoured.</hi>) 19
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was paid in on that account and 19
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. drawn out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> If the cheque to Higginbottom had been presented four times it would appear four times in the list of dishonoured cheques—others have been presented three times and twice—we only issued to you a cheque book of 12 cheques—I know you have taken up and paid a few cheques through messengers—the London and County Bank clear our cheques—Mr. Walker is a paying cashier at our bank—you paid in short bills which our bankers would not take (they would only take them when they were due), and so we returned them to you—these cheques must have been received and marked "Effects not cleared" when you had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030030"/>
<p>paid in short bills, and before the bankers had returned them—an account was opened in the name of Bohm—we don't know hi; I know you as Mr. Cohen.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I don't identify the prisoner as Bohm—I don't know that person at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. Bohm would have to come to the Bank personally and signed the book to open the account—I should probably have taken the signature myself; it was my duty.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-132" type="surname" value="NELSON"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-132" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD NELSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I have no doubt these dishonoured cheques on the London Provident Bank are in the signature of our customer, the prisoner, Julius Bohm.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have written to you once or twice asking you to close your account—the manager wrote to you asking you to close it as it was so irregular—Devonshire Road was the only address we had—I don't remember a lady coming and paying in money to the account.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have no doubt whatever that the prisoner is the person who opened the account at our bank in the name of Bohm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-133" type="surname" value="SEELEY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-133" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SEELEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective-Sergeant Y</hi>). I had a warrant from Clerkenwell Police-court for the prisoner's apprehension in the name of Robert Cohen on 1st June, and on the 2nd I apprehended him at his house 120, Devonshire Road, Holloway—I read the warrant to him; it was for obtaining cigars from Hennes by false pretences—I said, "Is your name Cohen?"—he said, "My name is Goldman, but I trade in the name of Cohen"—I told him he would have to go to the station with me, and he said, "If I have done anything wrong I must put up with it"—he said he would go quietly to the station with me—he said nothing else at any time to me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that Bohm, who owed him money, gave him the cheques which he paid away; that his wife had since offered to repay the prosecutors, and that they had refused to take the money; that he had only been in this country a few years and did not know the law, that he had lost his money through a bill of sale and that he had no intention to defraud.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-797-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-797-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-797-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-797-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-797-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-797-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-797-18860803 t18860803-797-punishment-24"/>Two Years' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-798">
<interp inst="t18860803-798" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-798" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-798-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-798-18860803 t18860803-798-offence-1 t18860803-798-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-798-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-798-18860803" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-798-18860803" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-798-18860803" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-798-18860803" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE SMITH</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-798-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-798-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-798-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-798-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-798-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-798-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully con
<lb/>cealing the birth of her child by secretly disposing of the dead body.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-798-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-798-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-798-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-798-18860803 t18860803-798-punishment-25"/>Two Weeks' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-799">
<interp inst="t18860803-799" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-799" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-799-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-799-18860803 t18860803-799-offence-1 t18860803-799-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-799-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-799-18860803" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-799-18860803" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-799-18860803" type="surname" value="CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-799-18860803" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN CONNOR</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-799-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-799-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-799-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/> to unlaw
<lb/>fully concealing the birth of her child by secretly disposing of the dead body.—</rs>
<rs id="t18860803-799-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-799-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-799-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-799-18860803 t18860803-799-punishment-26"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18860803-799-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-799-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-799-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-800">
<interp inst="t18860803-800" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-800" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-800-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-800-18860803 t18860803-800-offence-1 t18860803-800-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-800-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-800-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-800-18860803" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-800-18860803" type="surname" value="FRIBBINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-800-18860803" type="given" value="ARTHUR EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR EDWARD FRIBBINS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-800-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-800-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-800-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing a post-letter containing an order for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18860803-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-137" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-800-offence-1 t18860803-name-137"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SAUNDERS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MOYSES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-138" type="surname" value="STRANGE"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-138" type="given" value="WILLIAM WALLACE"/>WILLIAM WALLACE STRANGE</persName> </hi>. I am a confectioner of 40, Westow Hill, Norwood—on 17th May I sent my niece, Maria Strange, to the Norwood post-office for a postal order for 10".—she brought me the order, I took down the particulars of it, L.8. 143,104—she wrote a letter by my direc
<lb/>tion; I enclosed the order in it and addressed it to Mrs. Fricker, 9E, Peabody Buildings, Orchard Street, Westminster—I sent her to the post with the letter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-139" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-139" type="surname" value="STRANGE"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-139" type="given" value="MINNIE SUSAN"/>MINNIE SUSAN STRANGE</persName> </hi>. I live with my uncle—on 17th May I went</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030031"/>
<p>by his direction to Westow Street post office and purchased a postal order for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., which I took to him—he enclosed it in a letter addressed to Mrs. Fricker, Peabody Buildings, Westminster—I securely fastened the enve
<lb/>lope and posted it at the pillar-box, Westow Hill, about one o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-140" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-140" type="given" value="CHARLES JOSEPH"/>CHARLES JOSEPH JAMES</persName> </hi>. I am an overseer employed by the Post Office, and stationed at the Norwood post-office—a letter addressed to Westminster and posted at Westow Hill pillar-box at one o'clock would be collected at three o'clock and taken to Anerley Road and dispatched at 3.15.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It would go through several hands before it reached the S.E. district.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-141" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-141" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CLARK</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of the S.E. district office—a mail-bag dispatched from Anerley Road at 3.15 would arrive at the S.E. district about 3.54—a letter in that bag addressed to Westminster would be enclosed in a sealed bag and dispatched at 4.23 p.m.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot say that this letter was in that bag.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-142" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-142" type="given" value="FREDERICK SAMUEL"/>FREDERICK SAMUEL WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of the 8. W. district office—on 17th May one bag from the S.E. office arrived at 4.44 p.m.—a letter in that bag addressed to Westminster would be sorted and sent to Victoria Street, E walk, and would be in time for the delivery called the
<hi rend="italic">fours</hi>—it would leave the office at 5.30, and be delivered as near as possible about 6 o'clock—the prisoner was a first-class postman at that office, and was on duty on the afternoon of 17th May—it was his duty to deliver a portion of the letters at the 5 o'clock delivery in Victoria E walk—Peabody Buildings are in that portion, and the letters there should have been delivered by him; no one but him delivered there at that time—I know his writing; these receipts "A. James" on these orders are his writing to the best of my belief.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see him write it; I saw it in Mr. Ackhurst's hands—it is just a plain sort of schoolboy hand, an ordinary writing—I was never asked my opinion about it till this charge was preferred—sometimes postmen change rounds with each other, but they should get permission, or if they are found out they are punished—I do not think it was done on that day because we have his signature in the attendance book (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) at what we call "the fours," for making that delivery—a postman might neglect to sign the book for two or three days and then sign it, but not to my knowledge; it is the overseer's duty to see them sign every day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> On 17th May he left the office by the book at 5.25, and finished the delivery at 6.40, and his signature is here, "A. E. Fribbins"—that is the delivery in which this letter should have been delivered.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-143" type="surname" value="FRICKER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-143" type="given" value="SOPHIA"/>SOPHIA FRICKER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Mark Fricker, of 9 E, Peabody Buildings, Orchard Street, Westminster—I received no letter containing a postal order on 17th May.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-144" type="surname" value="EVERETT"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-144" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN EVERETT</persName> </hi>. I am receiver at the Roehampton Street Post-office, Pimlico—on 20th May the prisoner came in in his postman's uniform, and presented this order—I am not sure whether it was filled up or whether he filled it up in my presence, but I paid it and retained it—inquiries were afterwards instituted with regard to it—on 21st June the prisoner came again dressed as a postman, and brought this other order, which he filled in in my presence, and signed the receipt—I filled in the name of the paying officer—some communication had been made to me,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030032"/>
<p>and I took his number, 70 S.W.—after he left I spoke to Mr. Blentish, and next day, 22nd June, I saw the prisoner on his walk at Strutton Ground, Westminster, and identified him as the man who had presented the two orders.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am the only person employed at the office—my time is very much taken up, but it is not a particularly busy office—this order was issued three days before; we do not pay much attention to that so long as it is not more than three months old—a communication was made to me to know to whom I paid this order; I could not remember at first, but I afterwards remembered that it was a postman, and that I should know him if I saw him—that was a fortnight or three weeks after cashing the first order—it was just after 9 o'clock when he came in with the other order, and I recognised him at once—I did not think it worth while to ask him if he had been there a month before—he was dressed in his uniform the same as now, with his number on one side of his collar—he was not there more than three minutes—I am sure he wrote the signature there—Mr. Blentish came and made inquires about 3 or 4 o'clock, and I showed him the second order—I had not been told to keep a look out, but when the second order was presented by the same person, and signed at the same time, I took notice, and if Mr. Blentish had not come down I should probably have communicated with him—I allowed six hours to elapse; I had no instructions, and did not consider it my duty—if he had not come I might have communicated with some one else—I believe Mr. Blentish comes from the Private Inquiry Office—he took me to the walk to see if I could identify the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Blentish was not with me when I identified him—I was to go and pick him out as I went along, and I did so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-145" type="surname" value="BLENTISH"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-145" type="given" value="FRANK CHARLES ALEXANDER"/>FRANK CHARLES ALEXANDER BLENTISH</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Confiden
<lb/>tial Inquiry Branch of the Post-office—it is part of my duty to investi
<lb/>gate cases in which orders have been lost or stolen—I was instructed to investigate the complaint about this order of May 17th—on 21st June I went to Roehampton Street Post-office, where Miss Everett made a com
<lb/>munication to me, and I made arrangements for her to see the prisoner next day—I was not present when she identified him, but I afterwards had him brought to the South-Western office; he was in uniform, with the number 70 S.W.—I said "I belong to the Post-office; your name is Arthur Edward Fribbins, I believe, and you are a first-class postman in the South-Western District office?"—he said "Yes"—I said "You have been identified by the receiver at Roehampton Street Post-office as having cashed two postal orders for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., one on 20th May and one on 21st June. The first order was issued at Westow Street, and on 17th May was enclosed in a letter addressed to Miss Fricker, 9e, Peabody Buildings, Orchard Street, Westminster; that letter has not been delivered, and you should have delivered it on the afternoon of May 7th; the second order was issued at Ludgate Circus on June 12th," and I showed him the two orders and said" How do you account for your possession of them?"—he said "I know nothing about them"—I gave him in custody—when he got to the General Post-office a little later on I asked him to write some signatures, and he wrote this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) in my presence; he first wrote the small "a" and then he was asked to write a capital letter—the greater portion of my official time is spent in looking at writing, and I have no difficulty in saying that the person, who wrote the receipts to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030033"/>
<p>these two orders, also wrote this—I do not see how any one can fail to see it—a cigar case, several keys, a silk handkerchief, 117 stamps, and a meerschaum pipe were brought to me—I showed them to the prisoner, and asked him if he had any explanation to give of them—he said that they were given to him by his brothers or sisters, and that he had bought the stamps—some of them have been torn off letters.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know that from their appearances, they have part of the covers attached—I said nothing to the Magistrate about the brothers and sisters, I did not attach much importance to it—the information about the first postal order in May did not reach me till Jane—when an order is lost it is the duty of the overseer to call at the office and ask if there is any recollection of paying the order; he is not here, but there is an endorsement on the papers—when I went to see Everett I had not formed any idea that the prisoner was the culprit—the constable took her to his walk, and I was about 50 yards off when she identified him—I did not see her identify him, as there were a great many people in the street—I knew that she was identifying him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-146" type="surname" value="HURST"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-146" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER HURST</persName> </hi>. I am a constable attached to the Post-office—I was with Blentish when he had the conversation with the prisoner at the South-Western office—I have heard his evidence, it is correct—I searched the prisoner's lodgings and found 117 postage stamps and the articles spoken to by Mr. Blentish, which were not new—the stamps appeared to have been taken off letters.</p>
<rs id="t18860803-800-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-800-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-800-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of his youth.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-800-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-800-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-800-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-800-18860803 t18860803-800-punishment-27"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">There were two other indictments against the prisoner.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, August</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1886.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Field.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-801">
<interp inst="t18860803-801" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-801" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-801-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-801-18860803 t18860803-801-offence-1 t18860803-801-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-801-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-801-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-801-18860803" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-801-18860803" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER HAWKINS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18860803-801-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-801-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-801-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> was charged on the Coroner's Inquisition only with the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18860803-name-148" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-148" type="surname" value="MONDAY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-148" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-801-offence-1 t18860803-name-148"/>Henry John Monday</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BROXHOLM</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence on the Inquisition, the Grand Jury having ignored the bill.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-801-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-801-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-801-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-802">
<interp inst="t18860803-802" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-802" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-802-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-802-18860803 t18860803-802-offence-1 t18860803-802-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-802-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-802-18860803 t18860803-802-offence-2 t18860803-802-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-802-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-802-18860803" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-802-18860803" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-802-18860803" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-802-18860803" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN MORGAN</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-802-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-802-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-802-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously attempting to murder
<persName id="t18860803-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-150" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-150" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-802-offence-1 t18860803-name-150"/>John Morgan</persName>;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18860803-802-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-802-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-802-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>for feloniously attempting to commit suicide.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">On both indictments</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-802-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-802-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-802-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-803">
<interp inst="t18860803-803" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-803" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-803-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-803-18860803 t18860803-803-offence-1 t18860803-803-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-803-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-803-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-803-18860803" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-803-18860803" type="surname" value="CULL"/>
<interp inst="def1-803-18860803" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH CULL</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-803-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-803-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-803-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Feloniously threatening to accuse
<persName id="t18860803-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-152" type="surname" value="WHITBY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-152" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-803-offence-1 t18860803-name-152"/>Robert Whitby</persName> of an infamous crime, with intent to extort money.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-153" type="surname" value="WHITBY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-153" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WHITBY</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, of 8, Crown Hill Villas, Willesden—some months ago the prisoner called on me in the name of Smith—he said he wanted medical relief, and wanted to consult me—I asked him what was the matter—he showed me; he was in a dreadful state of syphilis—I recommended him to the hospital, and gave him 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—shortly afterwards I received this letter from him, signed Smith, with an address inside—I answered that letter—on 28th June he called on me again; he wanted money, and asked why I did not write to him—I asked what he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030034"/>
<p>wanted—he said he wanted 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and he said "If you don t give me the 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., I will damage your character; I will accuse you of an unnatural offence"—I said that I would give him in charge—I gave him 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to keep him till the police came, he wanted 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,—the police came and I gave him in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> It is not two years since you first came to me—I never attended you—I did not tell you to write to me—I have not been in the habit of giving you money for the last two years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-154" type="surname" value="WALKENDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-154" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WALKENDEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 409). On 28th June, about 3 p.m., I was called to Mr. Whitby's—he said, "I have a man in the surgery here come begging" (the prisoner was present), "he demands 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of me, and because I will not give him more than 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. he threatens to accuse me of an indecent assault"—the prisoner said, "I will keep my own counsel"—I took him to the station—at the station he begged Dr. "Whitby to let him off and he would never trouble him again.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> It is three years ago when I first went to Mr. Whitby. I asked him if he could do anything for me; he said he could. He attended me for about six weeks, and I paid him for the medicine he gave me. I went to him again, and he attended me. Some time ago I scalded my foot, and wrote to him. He did not answer, and I wrote another letter; he did not answer that. I then wrote him a sharp letter, telling him I did not think he was a gentlemen not to answer my letter. He answered that. On the 28th I went, and he gave me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. I said, "I shall be thankful if you can spare me a few shillings more." He said, "No, if you are not satisfied give me the 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. back." I said, "No, I am not going to do that. "He said, "If you don't I will send for a policeman." I said, "Well, do, if you like."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WHITBY</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I have had no correspondence with the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-803-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-803-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-803-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-803-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-803-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-803-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-803-18860803 t18860803-803-punishment-28"/>Ten Years, Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-804">
<interp inst="t18860803-804" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-804" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-804-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-804-18860803 t18860803-804-offence-1 t18860803-804-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-804-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-804-18860803 t18860803-804-offence-1 t18860803-804-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-804-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-804-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-804-18860803" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-804-18860803" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-804-18860803" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN VINCENT</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-804-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-804-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-804-18860803" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def2-804-18860803" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="def2-804-18860803" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SAUNDERS</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-804-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-804-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-804-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18860803-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-157" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-157" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-804-offence-1 t18860803-name-157"/>James Rogers</persName>, and stealing 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-158" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-158" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>MR. ARTHUR GILL</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-159" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-159" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ROGERS</persName> </hi>. I am a confectioner, of 64, Watney Street, St. George's—on 17th July I retired to rest between 12 and 1 o'clock, leaving the premises secure—about a quarter past 6 in the morning I came into the shop, and saw some gingerbeer bottles had been removed, and the till was empty—there was about 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., in it—the ironwork underneath the shop window was forced open, and the wirework forced back large enough for a hand and arm to be put through—the till was drawn from its place about 18 inches nearer the front—I know both prisoners by eight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-160" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-160" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES PRICE</persName> </hi>. I am a watchman, of 1, Angel Court, Cable Street, Shadwell—on 18th July, about 5 a.m., I saw the prisoners walk up to Mr. Rogers's shop—Vincent stood with his back against the shutters and Saunders knelt down and put his arm through the wirework with a bit of stick—he got up again, walked away, and came back with a hook in his hand—Vincent stood up against the shutters, and Saunders knelt down and drew something to him with the hook—he then took a white cloth out and threw it on the kerb—they then walked away—two or three minutes afterwards a constable came along, and the prisoners</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030035"/>
<p>slopped him and spoke to him—I afterwards picked out the prisoners from a number of men.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Saunders.</hi> When I saw this I did not knock up the prosecutor and tell him—I did not know any money was taken.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-161" type="surname" value="SOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-161" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SOPER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H R</hi> 32). On 18th July, about half-past 5 a.m., I was passing about 30 yards from the prosecutor's to go on duty, and saw the prisoners—Vincent said, "Joe will give you a light"—he knew me—I gave Saunders a match and walked away—I did not then know that anything had happened—some time after I went in company with Sergeant Smith, and saw Vincent in Watney Street; Smith apprehended him—on the evening of the 19th, going home from duty along Commercial Road, I saw Saunders in the Lord Nelson public-house—I told him I should take him into custody for being concerned with another who was on remand for breaking into a shop in Watney Street and stealing 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he said, "Who is the man remanded?"—I said "Vincent"—he said, "All right, then, I suppose I must go"—he was placed with a number of others at the station, and was identified by the two witnesses—the charge was read over to him—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-162" type="surname" value="NORWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-162" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES NORWOOD</persName> </hi>. I am 14 years old, and live at 42, Market Build
<lb/>ings, Shad well—early on a Sunday morning in last month I was in Watney Street, and saw the two prisoners standing opposite the pro
<lb/>secutor's shop with two sticks in their hands—they crossed the road to the shop, then walked away, walked back, and went away again, and when I walked back I saw the wire bent and the money gone.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Saunders.</hi> I did not go and tell the police, they came to me—they did not promise me 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a day to give evidence—I did not see you take the money—I saw the money in the till when I first passed—I could see it, being short, a taller person would not see it, and when I passed again it was gone.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-163" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-163" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant H</hi>). I took Vincent into custody—I told him the charge—he laughed and said, "You must be joking, you don't mean it, I am innocent."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-804-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-804-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-804-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-804-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-804-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-804-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-804-18860803 t18860803-804-punishment-29"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-804-18860803 t18860803-804-punishment-29"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-805">
<interp inst="t18860803-805" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-805" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-805-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-805-18860803 t18860803-805-offence-1 t18860803-805-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-805-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-805-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-805-18860803" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-805-18860803" type="surname" value="HATCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-805-18860803" type="given" value="JOSEPH HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH HENRY HATCH</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-805-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-805-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-805-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, Unlawfully attempting to have carnal knowledge of
<persName id="t18860803-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-165" type="surname" value="DRURY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-165" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-805-offence-1 t18860803-name-165"/>Louisa Drury</persName>, a girl under 13.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WALKER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi>,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-805-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-805-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-805-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-805-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-805-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-805-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-805-18860803 t18860803-805-punishment-30"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, August</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1886.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-806">
<interp inst="t18860803-806" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-806" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-806-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-806-18860803 t18860803-806-offence-1 t18860803-806-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-806-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-806-18860803 t18860803-806-offence-2 t18860803-806-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-806-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-806-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-806-18860803" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-806-18860803" type="surname" value="QUINN"/>
<interp inst="def1-806-18860803" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY QUINN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-806-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-806-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-806-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-806-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-806-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-806-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a pony cart and set of harness, the goods of
<persName id="t18860803-name-167" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-167" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-167" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-806-offence-1 t18860803-name-167"/>James Kelly</persName>;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18860803-806-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-806-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-806-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>to three other indict
<lb/>ments for stealing other horses, carts, and sets of harness.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-806-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-806-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-806-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-806-18860803 t18860803-806-punishment-31"/>Eighteen Month' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-807">
<interp inst="t18860803-807" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-807" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-807-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-807-18860803 t18860803-807-offence-1 t18860803-807-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-807-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-807-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-807-18860803" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-807-18860803" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-807-18860803" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES CLARKE**</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-807-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-807-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-807-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> to breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18860803-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-169" type="surname" value="ONSLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-169" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-807-offence-1 t18860803-name-169"/>James Onslow</persName> and stealing therein a coat and other articles, and 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., after a conviction of felony in August. 1876, at this Court.—</rs>
<rs id="t18860803-807-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-807-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-807-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-807-18860803 t18860803-807-punishment-32"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18860803-807-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-807-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-807-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-808">
<interp inst="t18860803-808" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-808" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-808-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-808-18860803 t18860803-808-offence-1 t18860803-808-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-808-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-808-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-808-18860803" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-808-18860803" type="surname" value="VALE"/>
<interp inst="def1-808-18860803" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES VALE</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-808-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-808-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-808-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to obtaining money from
<persName id="t18860803-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-171" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-808-offence-1 t18860803-name-171"/>Messrs. Pontifex and Wood</persName>, and other persons, by false pretences, with intent to defraud; after a convic
<lb/>tion of felony in December, 1884, at York, in the name of
<persName id="t18860803-name-172">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-172" type="surname" value="VEAL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-172" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>Charles Veal</persName> </rs>
<rs id="t18860803-808-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-808-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-808-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-808-18860803 t18860803-808-punishment-33"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months', Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18860803-808-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-808-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-808-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-809">
<interp inst="t18860803-809" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-809" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-809-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-809-18860803 t18860803-809-offence-1 t18860803-809-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030036"/>
<persName id="def1-809-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-809-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-809-18860803" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-809-18860803" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="def1-809-18860803" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HILL</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-809-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-809-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-809-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18860803-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-174" type="surname" value="CAVE"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-174" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-809-offence-1 t18860803-name-174"/>Susannah Cave</persName> with intent to steal.—</rs>
<rs id="t18860803-809-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-809-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-809-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-809-18860803 t18860803-809-punishment-34"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18860803-809-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-809-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-809-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-810">
<interp inst="t18860803-810" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-810" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-810-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-810-18860803 t18860803-810-offence-1 t18860803-810-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-810-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-810-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-810-18860803" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-810-18860803" type="surname" value="CROFTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-810-18860803" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CROFTS</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-810-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-810-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-810-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Unlawfully inciting
<persName id="t18860803-name-176">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-176" type="surname" value="WALLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-176" type="given" value="EDWARD WILLIAM"/>Edward William Wallis</persName> to steal the goods of
<persName id="t18860803-name-177" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-177" type="surname" value="HUGIL"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-177" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-810-offence-1 t18860803-name-177"/>John Hugil</persName> and others his masters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARBURTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-178" type="surname" value="WALLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-178" type="given" value="EDWARD WILLIAM"/>EDWARD WILLIAM WALLIS</persName> </hi>. I live at 70, Sherridan Street, Commercial Road, East, and am warehouse-porter to Megeson and Co., wholesale druggists of 14, Mill Lane, City—John Hugil is a partner—I have been there just on six years—it was part of my duty to go the Steam Packet public-house, Lower Thames Street, to obtain food for the other men—I went there as usual on Wednesday, 14th July, and saw the prisoner there; I had seen him three times before; he started talking something about horse-racing, and then came to my side and smelt me and said "Have you anything on you?"—I said "No, I don't know what you mean"—he said "Where are you working?"—I said "Megeson and Co., Mill Lane, Thames Street"—he said "Could you get me anything?. If you can I will make it worth your while, it doesn't matter what it is; can you get me any quinine, I think that is more expensive?"—I said "I don't know"—I arranged to see him another time—on the following Saturday I had a conversation with a man named Harvey, who is in my master's employ, and in consequence of that I made a communication to Mr. Hugil—I received certain directions from him and met the prisoner again at the Steam Packet on Monday at dinner-time—he said" Have you got anything with you?"—I said "No, I will see you another time "—he said "Try and bring something out with you if you can"—I said "I don't know whether 1 can or not"—I had seen Oldhampstead before that—the prisoner fixed Tuesday, the next day, for me to see him, and I went to the Steam Packet and saw him—he said "Have you got anything? "—I said "No"—he said "Can you bring anything?"—I said "No"—he said "Can't you bring me anything in here at five o'clock? I am known in here:" this was in front of the bar: "It is all right, people mind their busi
<lb/>ness here"—I objected going to the Steam Packet—at five o'clock that day Mr. Hugil gave me three bottles of citrate of quiuine and one of chloral to take to the Boar's Head in Cannon Street, where he had promised to meet me—Oldhampstead followed me a little in the background—the prisoner did not come and I was going back and met him—we returned to the Boar's Head, and when we got inside he said "What are you going to have?" and called for two half pints of ale—he then said "Give us what you have got"—I gave him this big bottle—he said "Well, I have not got much money, but here is sixpence"—I then gave him these three bottles and he wanted to give me the other sixpence he had got, but I did not take it—I said I did not want to take the last sixpence from him—he said "That is the style, get me what you can, it is worth your while, it doesn't matter what it is"—he said he would meet me next day at the Steam Packet and see how I got on—I said "All right," and went back to work and told my master about the interview—I believe Old-hampstead was in the public-house listening, when I gave him the bottles—on Wednesday, at three o'clock, I met the prisoner at the Steam Packet public-house—he said "It is right oil"—I said "What do you mean?"—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030037"/>
<p>he said "I never sold them, I took them but I could not get the price I wanted for them," and said he had left them at a public house in Mile End Road—on Wednesday, a week afterwards, he said "If you see any
<lb/>thing on the counter and no one is there,
<hi rend="italic">whip</hi> it up and bring it round to me, I am always there"—I said "I will see what I can do—I went back and told my master—next day I
<hi rend="italic">whipped</hi> up these two bottles of sulphate of quinine and took them to the Boar's Head—he was not there, and I was coming back and met him at the statue in Cannon Street—we returned to the Boar's Head and he gave me a glass, and then he said "Come on, give us what you have got, have you got quinine?"—I said "I think it is"—he said "The others are all right, I left them down the Mile End Road, what time do you knock off work? I have got to go down there and I will meet you and take you down there"—he was then arrested, with the two bottles in his possession.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> Wednesday was the first time I had spoken to you, I had seen you three times previously—I always used the same compartment, the one the two stools are in—there were sometimes stools in the compartment where you suggested this and sometimes there were not any—on this occasion I did not come into a strange compart
<lb/>ment but into the same one—I don't know a young man named Alfred—there was only one man there—I did not say to Alfred or to you "What are you going to stand?"—on the Tuesday you said if I had got any
<lb/>thing, I could leave it behind the bar at the Steam Packet—I said "No," I did not like leaving things there because the men of the firm used that house—you made the appointment to meet me at the Boar's Head and you were not there, and I met you coming along King William Street—I did not come to the house in Thames Street to find you and call you out—I did not say at the Boar's Head "I have got this for Alfred, but you can have them, take them and do the best with them, and I will see you to-morrow morning"—I said I was hard up and you gave me sixpence—on the Wednesday you met me at three and you asked me to meet you again at five o'clock at the Boar's Head and bring them there and give them to the barmaid—I said I did not like to—you said "Well, take it to the old shop," that is the Steam Packet—I met you in King William Street carrying some flowers and a pine apple, and accompanied you to the Boar's Head, and I gave you these two bottles there, and when you got outside the policeman took you—you appeared to be half-drunk—I swear I never had a conversation with you before the Wednesday—I told you about my employer's place not being insured, but I did not say it was because the drugs in it were liable to fire, they would not insure them—I did not tell you about one of the men giving me some of their cast-off clothing, and I did not tell you I lived in Stepney and had a wife and child; I have a wife but not a child, but I did not tell you that—I have on one occasion given the barmaid some sweet-drops from my establishment, I do not know their names—the sweets belonged to my employers, but we are allowed a few if we ask for them—I was there once when a man sold an organ, but I did not tell you I had a thing at home to sell which had taken me many years to make—I have got nothing at home which I have made.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-179" type="surname" value="OLDHAMPSTEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-179" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM OLDHAMPSTEAD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective officer</hi>). On Tuesday 22nd July I went to Messrs. Megeson's premises and there saw Wallis and Mr. Hugil the partner—Wallis made some communication and I saw Hugil</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030038"/>
<p>give him these bottles which I marked—I then went with another officer to the Boar's Head and remained there till 5.30 and then saw the prisoner and Wallis come in and saw him give the prisoner these bottles—on the Wednesday I marked these bottles and then went to the Boar's Head and saw Wallis give them to the prisoner, they had some conversation together and I then went up to the prisoner and said "We are detective officers, we are going to take you into custody for inciting a lad to steal from Messrs. Megeson and Co., wholesale druggists; what have you about you"—he said "I have nothing"—I said "Where are those bottles this lad gave you?"—he said "I have no bottles"—I felt his pocket and from the outside I felt them—I said "Who is that lad that left you?"—he said "I shall answer no questions" or "I shall give you no ex
<lb/>planation "—at that time he had a pine apple—I took him to the station and saw these two bottles taken from his coat pocket—I had information through Wallis that the other bottles could be found at a tavern in the Mile End Road and I went and fetched them—the barmaid is not here—the prisoner gave his address in Brick Lane, I inquired and found he was not known there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said you lived in Brick Lane, but did not give any number, you also said your brother lived in Brick Lane, I went and saw him and he said he had given you 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week to keep you out of trouble, and he did not want to see you any more, as you had cost him too much money now—I have made no inquiries about you except at the public-house where these things were, and they knew nothing about you except that you lived at some coffee-house somewhere.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-180" type="surname" value="ATTWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-180" type="given" value="HENRY ERNEST"/>HENRY ERNEST ATTWOOD</persName> </hi>. I am a partner in the firm of Hugil, Megeson and Co., wholesale druggists, Mill Lane—on Tuesday 20th July I was present when Mr. Hugil gave Wallis these bottles of the firm to take to the prisoner—these four are worth 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and these two 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that Wallis had frequently thrust himself into his society, and that he had had to go into another compartment to get out of his way, that he had brought him sweets and handed him these bottles, but if he had known they were stolen he should not have taken them there and then stood in front of the counter, he also stated that he was not sober at the time.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18860803-810-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-810-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-810-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18860803-810-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-810-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-810-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-810-18860803 t18860803-810-punishment-35"/>Ten Months' without Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Friday, August</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1886.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18860803-811">
<interp inst="t18860803-811" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18860803"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-811" type="date" value="18860803"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-811-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-811-18860803 t18860803-811-offence-1 t18860803-811-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18860803-811-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-811-18860803 t18860803-811-offence-2 t18860803-811-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-811-18860803" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-811-18860803" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-811-18860803" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-811-18860803" type="surname" value="GUNNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-811-18860803" type="given" value="JAMES JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="def1-811-18860803" type="occupation" value="chief clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES JOSEPH GUNNER</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18860803-811-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18860803-811-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-811-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing 53
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the moneys of
<persName id="t18860803-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18860803-811-offence-1 t18860803-name-182"/>Her Majesty the Queen</persName>, he being employed in the public service.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18860803-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18860803-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-183" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18860803-name-183" type="given" value="HARRY KING"/>HARRY KING EVANS</persName> </hi>. I am an accountant in the office of the Receiver of the Metropolitan Police—from March, 1882, down to June, 1886, the prisoner was chief clerk at the Hammersmith and Wandsworth Police Courts—it was his duty in that capacity to receive the fines that were imposed at those courts—the dealing with those fines was governed by some regulations by the Home Office and I have here a copy—the pri
<lb/>soner would pay in a banking account the moneys he had received in the course of each month—for the Wandsworth police-court a banking account had been opened at the London and South Western Bank; that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030039"/>
<p>would be kept in the name of the chief clerk for the time being, in accordance with the provisions of 29 and 30 Vic. c. 39, sec. 18—for the Hammersmith police-court an account was opened at the London and County Banking Company, in the same way and under the name restric
<lb/>tions—according to Rule 7 of the regulations it was the prisoner's duty in the first seven days of each month to make up his account and draw a cheque in favour of the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, and pay it in to the account of the Receiver of the Metropolitan Police at the Bank of England—he would also make out a return showing the amount he had received and paid at the end of each month—that would be made up in the first week of each month, and would have reference to the month immediately preceding—in the return of the Wands worth police-court for April I find the net receipts as carried out in the prisoner's handwriting and signed by him amount to 77
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—on 7th May I find this cheque for 77
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. drawn by the prisoner in favour of the Governor and Company of the Bank of England—that was returned marked, "N. S." in the first instance; in consequence of that the prisoner was communicated with by the officials, requesting an explanation, and on 15th May he replied stating that the letter should receive his imme
<lb/>diate attention—on 20th May he was written to again requesting that the fines be paid without further delay, in answer to which he wrote on 22nd May stating that he was devoting a large amount of time to the matter, and would use every effort not to defer it—on 26th May there is a memorandum showing that the cheque was presented a second time——on 27th the prisoner wrote that if the cheque was presented next week he was in hopes it would be met—on 4th June I went to Wands worth, having received instructions to do so, in the meantime the cheque not having been met—I saw the prisoner and said I was desired by the Receiver of Police to see him with reference to this cheque which had not been met, and to ask him whether he could explain it—he said that he had been trying to discover how it was, and he showed mo a mass of figures that he had been going into, extracted from the books, and he could not understand it—I asked him to show me the books; he did so, and I then tested them as far as I was able—this is the cash book that he showed me; I examined it, both for April and May—the deficiency for April was 77
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., for May the net receipts was 42
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., making a total of 117
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I went on to examine what amounts he had received in June down to between the 1st and 4th—I found he had received about 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for the first four days of June—I asked to see the pass book; he showed it me, I examined it—he said he had about 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in his safe, I suggested that he had better pay that into the bank and then have the pass book made up—he did that, it was sent by a messenger, made up and brought to me, and I examined it—the 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. appeared to have been in hand, or something equivalent to it—it was only a preliminary exami
<lb/>nation on 4th June—on 7th June I had the pass book and all the books sent to me, and it was then that I ascertained what the actual deficiency was, but on 4th June I roughly ascertained it to be about 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I said to the prisoner that there appeared to be a deficiency of about 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said he believed it was about that; that he could not understand quite how it was, he was investigating it—I then suggested whether it would be better to pay the amount in to his account, and if on investigation it was found to be an error in the books it might be repaid to him—he said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188608030040"/>
<p>he thought it had better be ascertained first—that was substantially all the conversation on 4th June—on the 7th I made an investigation into the books, and then discovered that the exact deficiency was 52
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the difference between the amount shown in the cash book and pass book was paid in to the bank—on 7th June I went to Hammersmith and saw the prisoner with reference to the fines account there—I told him I had come to examine into the Hammersmith account—he produced the books and gave me every assistance he could—the result of my examina
<lb/>tion was that he was deficient 57
<hi rend="italic">l