<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18840128">
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t18840128-name-1">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-1" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES DROVER"/>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</persName> </p>
<persName id="t18840128-name-2">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-2" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-2" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<persName id="t18840128-name-3">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-3" type="surname" value="BESLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-3" type="given" value="EDWARD T. E."/>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY</persName>, ESQ.,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
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<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, January 28th, 1884, and following days.</p>
<p>Including cases committed to this Court under Order in Council pursuant to the Winter Assize Act of 1879.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the
<hi rend="smallCaps">RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-4" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-4" type="given" value="ROBERT NICHOLAS"/>ROBERT NICHOLAS FOWLER</persName> </hi>, M.P.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; The Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-5" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-5" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, Knt., and the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-6" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-6" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES WATKIN"/>CHARLES JAMES WATKIN WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>, Knt., two of the Justices of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-7" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-7" type="given" value="DAVID HENRY"/>DAVID HENRY STONE</persName> </hi>, Esq., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS SCAMBLER OWDEN</hi>, Knt., and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN WHITTAKER ELLIS</hi>, Bart., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-8" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-8" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-9" type="surname" value="STAPLES"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-9" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN STAPLES</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLYDORE DE KEYSER</hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-10" type="surname" value="ISAACS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-10" type="given" value="HENRY AARON"/>HENRY AARON ISAACS</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-11" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-11" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., D.C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-12" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-12" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq., LL.D., Judge of the Sheriffs' Court: Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-13" type="surname" value="COWAN"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-13" type="given" value="PHINEAS"/>PHINEAS COWAN</persName> </hi>, Lieut.-Col.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-14" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-14" type="given" value="CLARENCE"/>CLARENCE SMITH</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-15" type="surname" value="HANBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-15" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>ARCHIBALD HANBURY</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-16" type="surname" value="METCALFE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-16" type="given" value="FREDERICK KYNASTON"/>FREDERICK KYNASTON METCALFE</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOWLER, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—a dagger</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1884.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-246-18840128" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18840128" type="surname" value="CHRISTY"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18840128" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH CHRISTY</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-246-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-246-18840128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-246-18840128" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-246-18840128" type="surname" value="DONOVAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-246-18840128" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET DONOVAN</hi> (29)</persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18840128-246-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-246-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-246-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> feloniously making 23 counterfeit florins.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HICKS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-19" type="surname" value="THICK"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-19" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM THICK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant H</hi>). From information I received I went with Bolton to 59, Wentworth Street, Whitechapel, about half-past 4 in the afternoon of 16th January—we went to the back room on the third floor; the door was shut, I pushed it open and found the two prisoners there sitting at a table near the window, upon which was a quantity of counterfeit coin spread over—Christy had this small file in his hand, and was filing the edges of the coins—he had a coin in his hand—when I went in he jumped up and rushed to the window, and threw something out; the window was open—in getting up some of the coin was swept off the table on to the floor, I should think he did it with his hand—I rushed up to the window after him—I could not say where what he threw out fell—I heard something rattle; it appeared to rattle down in the yard below—I held Christy—Donovan rushed out of the room and downstairs—she had been sitting in a chair at the table, doing nothing—I called out "Stop that woman," and she was brought back by Inspector Peters—I searched the room: I found 22 counterfeit florins in different parts, some on the floor, and two or three on the table, and a small piece of metal—I did not make any further search at that time—I left Bolton in the room while I had the prisoners taken to the station—I said to the prisoners "How do you account for the possession of the 22 counterfeit florins?" Christy said "They don't belong to me, I have been to work ail day, they were made in my absence by a man I don't know;" Donovan said "I know nothing about it, I was not in the room"—when I took possession of the coins some of them were warm—there was a bright tire, just getting down a little—on the 18th I was present when Bolton found a florin mould dated 1871—the date of the florins is 1871</p>
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<p>—the mould was found on the roof of an outhouse or pothouse of the Carpenters' Arms Tavern adjoining—it was quite possible for anything to be thrown there from the prisoners' window; it was about seven or eight yards, and much lower than the window—the prisoners were searched at the station: one good shilling was found on Christy, and one good shilling on Donovan.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Christy.</hi> When I came in I put my hand on an old pair of trousers hanging on a line, and searched the pockets; they were stiff and rather greasy—you did not say "You are not looking for that, perhaps you are looking for these things which I picked up in the yard this morning"—a spoon was found by the officer, but not in my pre
<hi rend="italic">Donovan.</hi> I was not in the room at all, I was on the landing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Wïtness.</hi> She was in the room, sitting at the table—I produce the mould; it is made of plaster-of-Paris; it does not weigh 1/2 lb.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-20" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-20" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BOLTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I went with Thick; he went into the room first, I followed—I saw Christy throw something out of the window—I ran downstairs, and picked up this florin in the yard; it is dated 1871—I saw the prisoner sitting at the table when I went into the room—Donovan was sitting at the table—I returned to the room, and while Thick and Inspecter Peters were taking the prisoners to the station I made a further search—I found this file under the table, and this spoon, covered over with some coal in the corner—at the station I said to Christy 11 How do you account for this file and spoon being there?" he said "I know nothing about it;" Donovan made no answer—on the 18th I made a further search in company with Thick; I got a ladder, got on the pothouse of the Carpenters' Arms, and found this mould wrapped up in a piece of rag.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-21" type="surname" value="PETERS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-21" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH PETERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector H</hi>). On 16th January I was with the other two officers at 59, Wentworth Street—I was standing at the bottom of the stairs, I heard Thick call out "Stop that woman," I saw Donovan coming down fast—she said "I was not in the room"—I took her back, I was at the bottom of the stairs—the prisoners' room was on the third storey.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-22" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-22" type="surname" value="NEVILL"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-22" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE NEVILL</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Flower and Dean Street—I let this room to Donovan on the 24th or 25th of December—both prisoners occupied it ever since, until they were taken—I am the deputy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-23" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-23" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to my father, who is in
<lb/>spector of coin to the Mint—these twenty-two florins found in the room, and the one found in the yard, are counterfeit and from the same mould, and in an unfinished state—I saw the remains of a mould, it has on it the same date as the coins, and from it the coins have been made—this spoon has the remains of metal on it—it is a thing that is used in making counterfeit coin, and so would these files—this piece of metal would be used for making the coin—counterfeit coins would have to be filed down; these coins have not been in the battery, they have taken the
<hi rend="italic">gets</hi> off.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Christy's Defence.</hi> I got up at a quarter to 6 and went down to the yard; I kicked against something, I thought it was a purse of money. I took it upstairs and opened it and saw these things in it. I thought nothing of it till the constables came. I had been out all day and was just sitting down smoking my pipe. I have been a hard-working man for twelve years, and never had a thing against me.</p>
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<hi rend="italic">Donovan's Defence.</hi> I know nothing about the things; I had been out all day, and on coming back the officers came.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-246-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-246-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-246-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHRISTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-246-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-246-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-246-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-246-18840128 t18840128-246-punishment-1"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DONOVAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-246-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-246-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-246-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-246-18840128 t18840128-246-punishment-2"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-247-18840128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18840128" type="surname" value="KEEFE"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18840128" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS KEEFE</hi> (18)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-247-18840128" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def2-247-18840128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-247-18840128" type="surname" value="BULL"/>
<interp inst="def2-247-18840128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BULL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-247-18840128 t18840128-alias-1"/>TURNBULL</rs> </hi> (21)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-247-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-247-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-247-18840128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def3-247-18840128" type="surname" value="BURR"/>
<interp inst="def3-247-18840128" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED BURR</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-247-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-247-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-247-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KEEFE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-247-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-247-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-247-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-27" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-27" type="surname" value="SWAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-27" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA SWAIN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant at a provision shop kept by my husband, 10, Minories—on 30th November, about a quarter past 1, Bull came for a pennyworth of bread, and tendered a coin in payment—I thought it was bad and took it to my husband and saw him give it to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-28" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-28" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROGERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 824). On 30th November Bull was given into my custody for uttering a counterfeit shilling—he gave the name of George Sampson, the shilling was given to me by Mr. Swaine in his wife's presence, I produce it—it is bad—he was taken to the Mansion House Police-court, remanded to December 4th, and then discharged—6 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good money was found on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-29" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-29" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-29" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE WHITE</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Falcon in Wardour Street—at a quarter past 12 on the morning of the 2nd January Keefe came for half a pint of four ale and put down half a sovereign in payment—I found it was bad, and took it to my father at the other end of the bar—Keefe was alone—he was given into custody in the house—I know nothing of the other two prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-30" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-30" type="given" value="GEORGE JOHN"/>GEORGE JOHN WHITE</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Falcon public-house—about a quarter past 12 on the morning of the 2nd January my daughter showed me a half-sovereign—I found it was bad—she pointed to Keefe—I told the potman to hold him whilst I went for a constable, and I gave him the coin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-31" type="surname" value="EARLY"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-31" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE EARLY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective C</hi> 246). About ten minutes past 12 on the morning of the 2nd January I saw Police-constable Earnshaw in Compton Street—I saw the three prisoners in company with another—I saw Burr bring his right hand from his breast pocket and pass something to Keefe—we followed them to the Falcon—I saw Keefe go in, the other three walked away—we looked in the public-house and saw that Keefe was detained by the potman—we went after the other three—Mann went into the Falcon, I took Burr into custody, and Earnshaw took Bull—we lost sight of the fourth man—I told Bull and Burr that we believed they were uttering counterfeit coin, and we should take them back to the Falcon—Burr said "We have been to the Pavilion, we know nothing about it"—I had said "We have suspicion that you are concerned with the man detained at the Falcon with uttering counterfeit coin"—we did not know what the coin was at that time—I searched Burr and found three good shillings on him and a new farthing—they were charged at the station, they made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-32" type="surname" value="EARNSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-32" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS EARNSHAW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective C</hi> 134). I was with the last witness on this night about 12.15—I saw the three prisoners in Compton Street with another one—I followed them; one of them went away—Keefe went into the Falcon—I looked in and saw him detained there; I went after the other three—I found Bull and Burr together—I took Bull into custody; I told him we had suspicion that they were uttering counterfeit</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280006"/>
<p>coin, and he would have to go back with me to the Falcon, where the man was detained—he said "I have only seen the fellow three times in my life, and he asked me for his keep," that is his lodging-money—I took him back to the Falcon and he was charged with Keefe and taken to the station and searched—I found a two-shilling piece and 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good money—I asked him for his address; he refused it, but I knew where he lived, 45, Dean Street, close by—I went there and to the first floor, where he was living with a woman—I there found a bad half-crown just outside the landing window, wrapped up in this brown paper—I had seen him come out of that house several times.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-33" type="surname" value="MANN"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-33" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MANN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman R</hi> 27). Keefe was given in my custody by Mr. White for uttering a counterfeit half-sovereign—he said they were given to him by two men outside, that one of them looked quite a swell, and he thought it was all right—I found nothing on him—the other two were brought to the station in about a minute afterwards—when the charge was made they made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners Bull and Burr, in their defence, stated that they had accidentally met with Keefe but knew nothing of the counterfeit coin.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BULL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BURR</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-247-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-247-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-247-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">KEEFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-247-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-247-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-247-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-247-18840128 t18840128-247-punishment-3"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-248">
<interp inst="t18840128-248" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-248" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-248-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-248-18840128 t18840128-248-offence-1 t18840128-248-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-248-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-248-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18840128" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18840128" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18840128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SMITH</hi> (38)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-248-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-248-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-248-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18840128-248-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-248-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-248-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>feloniously uttering counterfeit coin after a previous conviction.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-248-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-248-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-248-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-248-18840128 t18840128-248-punishment-4"/>Five years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-249">
<interp inst="t18840128-249" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-249" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-249-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-249-18840128 t18840128-249-offence-1 t18840128-249-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-249-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-249-18840128 t18840128-249-offence-1 t18840128-249-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-249-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-249-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18840128" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18840128" type="surname" value="STANDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18840128" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES STANDEN</hi> (40)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-249-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-249-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-249-18840128" type="age" value="69"/>
<interp inst="def2-249-18840128" type="surname" value="TROWBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="def2-249-18840128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM TROWBRIDGE</hi> (69)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-249-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-249-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-249-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> to two indictments for stealing scarfs and laces, the property of
<persName id="t18840128-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-37" type="surname" value="BIRKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-37" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-249-offence-1 t18840128-name-37"/>Richard Birkin</persName>, the master of Standen.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TROWBRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to a conviction at this Court in August, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STANDEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-249-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-249-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-249-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-249-18840128 t18840128-249-punishment-5"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TROWBRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-249-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-249-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-249-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-249-18840128 t18840128-249-punishment-6"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18840128-249-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-249-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-249-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-250">
<interp inst="t18840128-250" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-250" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-250-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-250-18840128 t18840128-250-offence-1 t18840128-250-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-250-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-250-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-250-18840128" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-250-18840128" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="def1-250-18840128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GRIFFITHS</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-250-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-250-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-250-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to four indictments for feloniously forging and uttering endorsements to orders for the payment of money, with intent to defraud, having been before con
<lb/>victed at this Court in June, 1871.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-250-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-250-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-250-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-250-18840128 t18840128-250-punishment-7"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18840128-250-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-250-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-250-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-251">
<interp inst="t18840128-251" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-251" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-251-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-251-18840128 t18840128-251-offence-1 t18840128-251-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-251-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-251-18840128 t18840128-251-offence-1 t18840128-251-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-251-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-251-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-251-18840128" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-251-18840128" type="surname" value="DOWLIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-251-18840128" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL DOWLIN</hi> (22)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-251-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-251-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-251-18840128" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-251-18840128" type="surname" value="GORMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-251-18840128" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD GORMAN</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-251-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-251-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-251-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> to breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t18840128-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-41" type="surname" value="BENEDIT"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-41" type="given" value="SIEGFRIED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-251-offence-1 t18840128-name-41"/>Siegfried Benedit</persName> and stealing a bottle of wine and other goods.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GORMAN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DOWLIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-251-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-251-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-251-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-251-18840128 t18840128-251-punishment-8"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GORMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-251-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-251-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-251-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-251-18840128 t18840128-251-punishment-9"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18840128-251-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-251-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-251-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-252">
<interp inst="t18840128-252" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-252" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-252-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-252-18840128 t18840128-252-offence-1 t18840128-252-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-252-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-252-18840128 t18840128-252-offence-2 t18840128-252-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-252-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-252-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-252-18840128" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-252-18840128" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-252-18840128" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES SMITH</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-252-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-252-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-252-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to three indictments, two for feloniously forging and uttering receipts for the payment of money,</rs>
<rs id="t18840128-252-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-252-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-252-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>and one for unlawfully obtaining money by false pretences.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-252-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-252-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-252-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-252-18840128 t18840128-252-punishment-10"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18840128-252-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-252-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-252-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-253">
<interp inst="t18840128-253" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-253" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-253-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-253-18840128 t18840128-253-offence-1 t18840128-253-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-253-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-253-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-253-18840128" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-253-18840128" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-253-18840128" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER FISHER</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-253-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-253-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-253-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing, whilst employed under the Post Office, four letters containing a cardboard box, a clasp, and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t18840128-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-44" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-253-offence-1 t18840128-name-44"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COWIE</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-45" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-45" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am a police constable attached to the General Post Office—in consequence of complaints with regard to the water-closets in the newspaper branch of the Post Office I was set to watch—the water-closets had been found to be choked up almost every other day with covers of packets and other things—on the morning of 11th January, shortly before 6 o'clock, I was watching—I saw the prisoner go into one of the closets—I watched him; he sat down on the seat, fully dressed, and took</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280007"/>
<p>from his pocket this packet and commenced to break it open—I immediately rushed out from where I was secreted and burst the closet door open in which he was—I found this packet by his side—I said to him "What are you doing with that packet?"—he said "Nothing"—I said "Come out"—he refused—I took hold of him and dragged him out, and in the pan of the closet I found this label addressed to Miss G. E. Frimley, Bagshot, Surrey—it was quite dry; it bears the postmark of Millom of January 10th—I asked if he knew me; he said "No"—I said I was a police-constable, and I took him to the police-constables' room—there was a letter inside this—that was with the cardboard box and the cotton wool on the seat—on the way to the constables' room Mr. Frazer, one of the overseers who was with me, stopped, and pointed to a window ledge which we were passing—I looked, and picked up this packet—it is addressed to J. H. Glasse, Esq., Jubblepoor, India, bearing the postmark of Bridgnorth, January 12th—in the constables' room I searched the prisoner, and in an inside coat pocket that he was wearing I found these two packets, one addressed to Miss Goddard, The Lodge, near Lothbury, Leicestershire, the other to Mr. Hancock, Dartford, Kent, bearing the postmark of Paisley of the previous day—those two were unopened—I said to the prisoner "Can you give any explanation of having these packets in your possession?"—he said "I dont know how they got there, I did not know they were there"—I asked him where he lived—he told me 18, B block, Peabody Buildings—the packets were both opened by me before the Magistrate—the first contained some wedding cake, and the other some labels, and the third a pocket book and memorandum book—I went to his address, and to the rooms which he said he occupied—I made a search, and found under his bed a quantity of articles, a lot of letters open, and in different places in the room, in boxes and elsewhere, I found a large number of articles, of which this is a list, and I have the property here—there were four boxes altogether—when he said he did not know they were in his pocket I said "If you did not know they were there why were you so anxious to throw away one?"—he said "Because I wanted to get rid of it"—he was perfectly sober—it was 6 o'clock in the morning; he had been on duty since 4 or 5, and he did not leave me after that.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I could not say whether you appeared as if you had been drunk the night before—you asked me to give you a pint of beer, as you were very dry, and to convince me you showed me your tongue, which was in a very bad state—I never saw a man in a state of
<hi rend="italic">delirium tremens</hi>—I had no hindrance in searching your place—every letter I found was open—they were from different towns in the Eastern Counties—the value of the articles altogether was about 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-46" type="surname" value="FRAZER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-46" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH FRAZER</persName> </hi>. I am an overseer at the General Post-office—I know the prisoner—his duty was to turn out the bags, and make a collection of the letters and packets that should be transferred to the foreign branch, and general duties—I was at the office early on the morning of the 11th with Butler when he took the prisoner into custody, and I ac
<lb/>companied them to the room where he was searched—on the way I noticed the prisoner take from his pocket a packet and place it on the window sill—I drew Butler's attention to it, and he took possession of it—I saw that it was addressed to J. H. Glasse, Esq., for India—the prisoner was perfectly sober—I afterwards went with Butler to the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280008"/>
<p>prisoner's lodging—I have heard his account of what he found there—it is correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-47" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-47" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-47" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN SMITH</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, Bay View Villas, Millom, Cumberland—on 10th January I made up a cardboard box with a silver cloak clasp in some cotton wool, wrote a letter, which I put inside, and addressed a label to Miss Frimley, Bagshot, Surrey—I gave it to the letter carrier about a quarter past 7 that evening to go by the 8 o'clock mail.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-48" type="surname" value="BURN"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-48" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>JOHN WILLIAM BURN</persName> </hi>. I am postmaster at Millom—Miss Smith handed me this packet on the evening of the 10th—it bears the Millom postmark; I stamped it myself, put it in the bag, and sent it off from the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner called the following witnesses:</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-49" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-49" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WHEELER</persName> </hi>. I am assistant superintendent in the General News
<lb/>paper Branch of the General Post-office—it has been reported to me on several occasions that the prisoner has been absent from duty, drinking in public-houses—I have seen him under the influence of drink—he wrote a letter asking forgiveness, and pledging his word that he would never go into a public-house to drink again—it was also reported to me that when the worse for drink he had struck some one in the public-house—the last time he was before me for being drunk he was put off duty—that was not long ago—I have said that if I was the head of a private firm I would not have kept him on—I submitted his letter to a higher authority, and the comptroller said he might have another trial—he was perfectly sober on the morning of the 11th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-50" type="surname" value="FLEETWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-50" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FLEETWOOD</persName> </hi>. I am an inspector of the newspaper department in the General Post-office—I cannot say how many times I have seen the prisoner the worse for drink; not very many—I have noticed after his pension day that he used to indulge in drink a little—I have always found him perfectly able to do his duty.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in a written defence, stated that he had served Her Majesty 21 years in different parts of the world; that in 1866 he had a severe sunstroke in India, since which when drinking to excess he knew not what he was doing; that the Post-office authorities knew his failing, and by repeatedly overlooking it he considered they were morally responsible for the crime he had committed.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-253-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-253-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-253-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-253-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-253-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-253-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-253-18840128 t18840128-253-punishment-11"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1884.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-254">
<interp inst="t18840128-254" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-254" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-254-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-254-18840128 t18840128-254-offence-1 t18840128-254-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-254-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-254-18840128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-254-18840128" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-254-18840128" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-254-18840128" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH MARSHALL</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-254-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-254-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-254-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counter
<lb/>feit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SAUNDERS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-52" type="surname" value="GARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-52" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GARRETT</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the White Lion, High Street, Bloomsbury—on 5th November the prisoner and another woman came in, and the prisoner asked for half a quartern of rum, which came to 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; the other woman gave me a bad florin—I gave them both in charge—they were remanded for a week, and then discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-53" type="surname" value="GUTHERIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-53" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GUTHERIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 108). I was present at Bow Street when the prisoner was discharged—this coin was produced there—I know it by this mark.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-54" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-54" type="surname" value="CHAPPELL"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-54" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET CHAPPELL</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Lingner, who keeps a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280009"/>
<p>foreign provision shop in Old Compton Street, Soho—on 18th January, about 9 p.m., I served the prisoner with two smoked fish, price fourpence—she gave me a florin—I put it in the till—there was no other florin there—I gave her the change and she left—she came back in a quarter or half an hour for a tin of sardines, price sixpence, and put down another florin; I put it into the same till—there were no florins there but those two—another woman came in immediately afterwards for two smoked fish, and paid with a florin; I put it into the same till, and shortly afterwards she came again for two more fish, and paid with another florin—those were the only florins I took that evening—my master came home just before 10 o'clock—no one else had access to the till, and no one served after me—I was upstairs when he cleared the till—he called me down, and called my attention to these four florins in the till, which were all bad (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—next day the prisoner came again about 4.30 p.m. for a tin of sardines, price sixpence; before I served her I went and spoke to Mr. Lingner—I am sure she is the same woman—she put down a bad florin—I said "You are the same person who brought in two last night"—she said "I was not here on Friday night"—I said "I have taken four, and the other person brought in two, no doubt she has some connection with you"—she said "What is she like?"—I described her—she said she did not know such a person—she did not offer me good money—I gave her no change.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-55" type="surname" value="LINGNER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-55" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LINGNER</persName> </hi>. I am a provision merchant, of 46, Old Compton Street—on 18th January I went home about 10 o'clock, cleared the till, and found about twenty-seven shillings and half-crowns, sixpences and shillings, and four bad florins—I gave them to the police—I was in the shop next day when the prisoner came in, and my shopwoman told me something—I examined the coin the prisoner had passed and found it bad—I said "The young lady in the shop says you are the person who passed two bad coins last night"—she said that she had not been there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-56" type="surname" value="GOODLIFF"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-56" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL GOODLIFF</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). Mr. Lingner gave the prisoner into my custody with this florin—she said she did not know it was bad—I said "Have you any more about you, or any other money?"—she said "Lock me up and find out"—going to the station she said "Look round, and keep your eyes open, and see I don't drop anything"—four-pence halfpenny was found on her at the station—I produce the five florins.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I had asked the prosecutor to walk on the other side of you to see that you did not drop anything when you made that remark.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-57" type="surname" value="GUTHERIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-57" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GUTHERIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). On 19th August I was called to Caroline Bute's sweetstuff shop in Little Pulteney Street—she has removed and I cannot find her—she said that the prisoner came in for two ounces of sweets and gave a bad shilling in payment, giving me this shilling (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the prisoner said she did not know that it was bad—I took her to the station—she was remanded at Marlborough Street to the 23rd and then discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-58" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-58" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am an examiner of coins to Her Majesty's Mint—these four florins are counterfeit, two from one mould and two from another—this shilling is bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I went in on Saturday but not on Friday, and I did not know on Saturday that the money was bad. It was given to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-254-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-254-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-254-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-254-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-254-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-254-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-254-18840128 t18840128-254-punishment-12"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-255">
<interp inst="t18840128-255" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-255" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-255-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-255-18840128 t18840128-255-offence-1 t18840128-255-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280010"/>
<persName id="def1-255-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-255-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18840128" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18840128" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18840128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SMITH</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-255-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-255-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-255-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-60" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-60" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GRAY</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Railway Tavern, Fenchurch Street—on 15th January, about 3.30 p.m., the prisoner and two other men came in—the prisoner called for a pint of ale, and gave me a florin—I gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—I intended the florin to go into a half-pint pewter measure, but it went on to the refrigerator—a few minutes after
<lb/>wards the prisoner asked for half an ounce of tobacco and gave me a florin—I said "What do you call this?"—he said "A two-shilling piece"—I said "It is made of pewter pots; Frank, give me a knife"—the barman did so, and I cut a piece out of it before the prisoner—I then found the one on the refrigerator was also bad—he said nothing—I went round the counter, laid hold of him, and said "I shall detain you"—he tendered a good sixpence, but I did not take it—I sent for a constable—the other man had gone out—I said to the prisoner "What made you put down two florins in succession?"—he said "Oh, any one might do that"—a man who gave his name as Doon followed the prisoner to the station, but he was discharged—I gave the two florins to Rose—I cut a piece out of the second.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> There were from 12 to 16 people in the bar—some of them paid with silver, but not with a florin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-61" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-61" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY ROSE</persName> </hi>. On 15th January Mr. Gray gave the prisoner into my custody for uttering two florins—I heard him say to the prisoner "Why did you pass those two florins when you had plenty of small change?"—he said "Any one might do that"—Davis followed us to the station and he was ordered into the dock—he was remanded for a week and discharged at the Mansion House last Tuesday, and the prisoner called him as a witness—when I went into the public-house Davis offered me a sixpence—the prisoner made no answer to the charge—I found on him three shillings, three pence, three halfpence, and a farthing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-62" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-62" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These florins are both bad, and from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner called:</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-63" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-63" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer—I was charged with the prisoner at the police-court, and remanded for a week and discharged—you went into the public-house and paid for a pint of ale with three penny pieces—you then said "I must have some tobacco, as I am going away in this rain"—you called for it and threw down a florin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was a little after 3 o'clock—no one was with me—Smith and I were alone, no one else drank with us—we did not have any more drink—I only saw the barman produce one florin—I did not hear him say he had passed two florins when he had small change, or hear Smith say "Anybody would do that."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I did not know the florin was bad. He took a knife and cut it, and took another coin from the refrigerator, and said that I had given it to him. You don't suppose that I should go and tender him a bad coin, and another two minutes afterwards, knowing that it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-255-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-255-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-255-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-255-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-255-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-255-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-255-18840128 t18840128-255-punishment-13"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-256">
<interp inst="t18840128-256" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-256" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-256-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-256-18840128 t18840128-256-offence-1 t18840128-256-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-256-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-256-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18840128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18840128" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18840128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE RICHARDSON</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-256-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-256-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-256-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280011"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-65" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-65" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-65" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Old Bell, Knight Rider Street—on 5th January I served the prisoner with a glass of ale, price 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a shilling—I put it in the till and he loft—there was no other shilling there—I took it out a few minutes afterwards and gave it in change to Mr. Nash, the proprietor's brother—there was only gold, six-pences, and one shilling in the till—Mr. Nash brought it back and I found it was bad—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the prisoner came in again on the 7th, about 4 p.m., for a glass of ale—I recognised him directly—he gave me this shilling (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I bit it and gave it to Mr. Nash, the proprietor, who gave him in charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-66" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-66" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN NASH</persName> </hi>. I keep the Old Bell—on 7th January Wilson handed me this shilling—I found it was bad and sent for a constable, and when he came I said to the prisoner "What is your game, my friend?"—he said "I am waiting for my change of a shilling"—I had the two coins in my hand, and said "Do you expect change for this?"—he made no answer—on the Saturday before that I was in my bar, and Miss Wilson gave my brother some change; he examined it, but did not touch it—he found it was bad—on the way to the station the prisoner said he received both the shillings in Whitechapel in change for a half-sovereign.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-67" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-67" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>JONATHAN NASH</persName> </hi>. I am the brother of the last witness—on 5th Jan. Miss Wilson handed me in change for a florin, a shilling, a sixpence, and twopence—the shilling was bad, and I handed it to my brother.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-68" type="surname" value="PARTRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-68" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PARTRIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 438). I was called to the Bell on Jan. 7th, and Mr. Nash asked the prisoner what he meant by passing so many of these—he said "I know nothing at all about it"—he was given in custody—I asked him where he got the bad shilling—he said "In change for a half-sovereign"—I asked where he got the one he passed on Saturday—he said that it must, have been given to him in the same change—I took him to the station, searched him, and found 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and a watch—he gave his address 16, Queen's Court, Valentine Row, Black-friars—I have inquired, and there is no Queen's Court in Valentine Row.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-69" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two shillings are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> If I had been guilty I should not have remained 10 minutes in the place till the police arrived. It looks very strange that the brother should receive the money, and I think it is got up. I have got my living by hard work for 21 years.</p>
<rs id="t18840128-256-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-256-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-256-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the two utterings.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-256-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-256-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-256-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-256-18840128 t18840128-256-punishment-14"/>Six Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1884.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-257">
<interp inst="t18840128-257" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-257" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-257-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-257-18840128 t18840128-257-offence-1 t18840128-257-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-257-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-257-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-257-18840128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-257-18840128" type="surname" value="NICHOLSBURG"/>
<interp inst="def1-257-18840128" type="given" value="KOFFMAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KOFFMAN NICHOLSBURG</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-257-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-257-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-257-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing, whilst employed in the Post-office, a letter containing an Abyssinian gold chain, the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t18840128-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-71" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-257-offence-1 t18840128-name-71"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COWIE</hi>,
<hi rend="largeCaps">Q.C</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-72" type="surname" value="KIRBY"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-72" type="given" value="EDWARD ALEXANDER"/>EDWARD ALEXANDER KIRBY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk attached to the General Post-office—on 9th January, in consequence of complaints at the Stoke Newington Office, I received instructions to make inquiries—on that day I made up a packet and enclosed in it a cardboard box containing an Abyssinian gold chain—I marked the chain so as to be able to identify</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280012"/>
<p>it—I addressed the packet to Mr. Francis, 13, New Road, Winchmore Hill—the outside of the packet was of a buff colour—I handed it to Mr. Wooder, a clerk in the same office, about 3.45, with instructions to post it in a pillar box—I had previously shown it to Mr. Price, the overseer at the Stoke Newington Office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-73" type="surname" value="WOODER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-73" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM WOODER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Inquiry Office of the General Post-office—on 9th January Mr. Kirby handed to me a packet addressed to Mr. Francis at 3.45; it was in buff-coloured paper—I posted it in the Lordship Park pillar-box at 3.50.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-74" type="surname" value="SHAYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-74" type="given" value="HUGH EDWARD"/>HUGH EDWARD SHAYLER</persName> </hi>. I am a police officer attached to the General Post-office—about 3.45 on the afternoon of 9th January I was in Lord-ship Park and saw the last witness post the packet—I afterwards saw the prisoner in Lordship Park about 10 minutes or a quarter past 4—I saw him clear the pillar-box.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> On a subsequent occasion I had the prisoner's keys; they were given to me about half-past 9 that night—he described to me to which drawers and boxes the different keys belonged—he gave me every facility for searching—he gave me his address as?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Righton Terrace, Northwold Road, the back room first floor; it adjoins a corner house—the landlady is Mrs. Lathleen—I did not see her son—there were two beds in the room—the prisoner was not taken into custody that night—he had been watched before—I watched the house and the over
<lb/>seer's room at the Stoke Newington sorting office—I went to the prisoner along with Mr. Kirby while the prisoner remained at the office—when we returned he was told that he might go home—Mrs. Lathleen is a very respectable person.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-75" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-75" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD PRICE</persName> </hi>. I am an overseer of the Post-office at the Stoke Newington Office—the prisoner was attached to that office—I had some communication with Mr. Kirby about, 9th January—the prisoner was on duty between 3 and 4 in the afternoon—it was his duty to clear a certain number of boxes, Lordship Park among the number—having cleared them he was due at the office at 4.24—I remember his coming to the office that afternoon after making his collections—I did not take notice of the time my attention was called to him in particular—I suppose it was about the ordinary time; it might be a little later—when he came in he turned his collections out of his bag on to the table in the usual way—I took particular notice of the contents of the bag—I did not see the buff packet—I knew the name and address on it—after the prisoner turned out the contents of his bag he divided the newspapers from the letters and then faced up his letters—after that he brought a portion of them to the stamping-table, also some packets, leaving about ten or a dozen letters on the table—that was in the ordinary course—I was about two yards from him at the time—I called him to the stamping duty, and I went to the table where he had been and faced the letters up myself, and I saw that the buff packet was not there—if the prisoner had turned it out from his bag I should certainly have seen it—I watched the prisoner all the while he was in the office—I saw nothing whatever of the packet all the time—he left the office directly after his sorting duty was done—he then had to make a second collection—I was in the office when he returned again—he was due at 5.17—then he turned out his collections in the usual way—I did not see the buff-coloured packet then—I never saw it in the office all the while</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280013"/>
<p>he was there—he next left the office about 5.40, and was absent till a quarter to 8—he would be going to his tea at that time—I saw Mr. Kirby that evening about a quarter to 5—that was when the prisoner went to make his second collection—on the Thursday night following Mrs. Lath
<lb/>leen came and made a communication to me, and I wired to Mr. Kirby next morning.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> At some of the collections there would be seven pillar-boxes to collect from, at some five, and some four—the prisoner would not have seven to collect from the second time—it would be quite a different set of boxes at the second collection from the first; he would only have one receiving house to collect from at the first collection, and two on the second—there are about 52 men at work at the Stoke New
<lb/>ington office—the bags are made up nine times a day, and there are six deliveries—the stamping table is a different one from the sorting table—there are divisions of about a yard between the men who are sorting, merely an iron bar—the face of the table is quite open; the table goes against the wall—the prisoner's proper time for coining in from his first collection would be 4.24—I said before the Magistrate it was 4.19; it was a mistake, I was confounding the two collections—I knew he was late—another man was doing his duty and stamping; that man was slow—I don't think I said when the prisoner came in, "Here is Nicholsburg, he will do it in no time; "I dont believe I said so—he did begin stamp
<lb/>ing when he came in; he stamped very few, and then went to the sorting again.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-76" type="surname" value="KIRBY"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-76" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD KIRBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I saw the prisoner again about 8.45 at the Stoke Newington office as he was starting to make a delivery—he had been stopped by Shayler by my instructions—I said to him, "I am from the Secretary's department of the General Post-office, and in consequence of numerous complaints of the loss of letters containing valuables passing through this office I have been directed to make inquiries; this afternoon at 3.50 a packet enclosed in a buff-coloured paper, containing an Abyssinian gold chain, was posted in the Lordship Park letterbox, a collection from which was made by you afterwards"—he said "Yes"—I said, "The packet was addressed 'Mr. Francis, 13, New Road, Winchmore Hill;' I am informed it is missing; have you any recollection of it?"—he said, "I recollect seeing a packet like the one you have described, I cleared it away from the box with my letters, which I took to the post-office"—I said, "What did you do with the contents of your bag on arriving at the office?"—he said, "I turned them out on the table"—I said, "Did you then see the package?"—he said "No"—I said, "Did you face up your letters?"—he said, "A portion of them; I separated the packets, I put them on the packet table and placed the newspapers on the side, after which I was called away to stamp the letters"—I then said, "Have you about you any articles that do not belong to you?"—he said "No"—I said, "Have you any objection to be searched?"—he said "No"—he was then searched by Shayler, but no trace of the missing packet or its contents was found—there were a number of postage-stamps, seven penny ones and two halfpenny ones, all unobliterated—they appeared to have been removed from a circular or letter—I asked him to account for the possession of them—he said "The penny stamps I have taken off letters of my own which I have not sent"—I said "As</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280014"/>
<p>regards the two halfpenny ones, how many were there?"—he said "I got them off circulars which I had to deliver; the stamps were loose, and I thought it no harm to take them"—I then proceeded to the prisoner's lodging in company with Shayler—I there made an examination, and found several articles of jewellery, among which were ladies' rings, brooches, solitaires, and articles of a similar kind—I produce a list of the property—I did not find the Abyssinian gold chain or anything relating to the packet—I then went to the Stoke Newington Post-office where the prisoner was detained—I asked him what he did when he left the office at 5.45—he said "I went home and had some tea"—I said "Did you go into your bedroom?"—at first he said not; ultimately he said he did for the purpose of washing—I then suspended him from duty—I did not give him in custody then—on Friday morning at 11 o'clock, in consequence of a communication which I received, I went to the house adjoining the prisoner's lodging—I saw Mrs. Willis, the landlady, and she handed me this Abyssinian gold chain, which I identified as the one I had put in the packet on Wednesday, the 9th—I then went into the prisoner's lodging and saw him, and said to him "I have called on you with regard to the packet about which I spoke to you on the 9th; I have had information that a chain had been found in the next garden by the proprietor of the house; I have seen the chain, which I have identified as the one enclosed in the missing packet"—he said "I know nothing about it, but I must say it looks very black against me"—I said "It could easily have been thrown from the window of your room to that place where it was found"—he said "I know nothing about it"—I then gave him into the custody of the police officer, Beck, who was with me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner gave the keys to the officer who was with me, and described to which drawers and boxes they belonged—we found a receipt for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the diamond ring which he was wearing—he was not charged with stealing any of the articles of jewellery—I was not aware that he partly supported his mother and sister—it would be easy to throw anything from the road into Mrs. Willis's garden. (
<hi rend="italic">The witness read a list of the articles of jewellery found at the prisoner's lodging.</hi>) He said he had bought some of them, and others had been given to him as presents—his wages were 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—there was a watch among the things—as a letter carrier he would require to have a watch—I have included in the list all the things found on him, as well as those found at his lodging—the letter carrier would collect his Christmas boxes just after Christmas—I found he had a banking account for 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—his share of the Christmas boxes would amount to over 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-77" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-77" type="surname" value="LATHLEEN"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-77" type="given" value="RUTH"/>RUTH LATHLEEN</persName> </hi>. I live at 1
<hi rend="smallCaps">A</hi>, Northwold Road, Upper Clapton—the prisoner had been lodging there for about nine months—he slept in the second-floor back room—the window of that room overlooks the garden of the adjoining house, which is a corner house, 87, Righton Road, occupied by Mrs. Willis—on the morning of 9th January the police officer came to our house—I heard what they were looking for—on the morning after they had gone I went in and had a chat with my neigh
<lb/>bour, Mrs. Willis—I told her about the police having been to the house searching, and next morning between 10 and 11 o'clock she sent for me and showed me this chain, and told me something about it—after that I went to the post-oftice—I saw Mr. Price at his own house—the prisoner slept in his own room that night after the police officer had been.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280015"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My son is a letter carrier in the same district office—he slept in the same room with the prisoner—they did not go to bed at the same time; sometimes there is a difference of two hours between them—they get up at 6 in the morning, and were on their duties on and off in the day—they come home in the middle of the day sometimes for two or three hours—they come home to breakfast—after finishing their duties—the prisoner used to come home about 10, and my son would be off duty about the same time—they both wear uniform.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> My son had come home to tea on the 9th, and had come home to sleep afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-78" type="surname" value="LATHLEEN"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-78" type="given" value="HENRY WILLIAM"/>HENRY WILLIAM LATHLEEN</persName> </hi>. I lodge at my mother's house in the same room as the prisoner—I am also employed in the Stoke Newington office—on this afternoon I was on duty on the 3.45 collection, and was back in the office at 4.20—my district is quite apart from the prisoner's, at the other end of the district altogether—I took my keys to the office, and turned out my letters—I am positive I was back at the office in the afternoon about five minutes before the prisoner—when he came in he began sorting at the different tables.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-79" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-79" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WILLIS</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, of 87, Righton Road, Upper Clapton—on Thursday morning, about a quarter to 9, I found this chain in my garden; I gave it to my wife—it is quite possible for that chain to have been thrown from the prisoner's window to where I found it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It could have been thrown from the road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. WILLIS</hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—my husband handed me this chain, and I gave it to police-constable Beck.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-80" type="surname" value="BECK"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-80" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP BECK</persName> </hi>. I am a police officer—this chain was handed to me by Mrs. Willis—I took the prisoner into custody—the charge was stealing the post packet containing the chain.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I didn't take the box away from the office. I cleared it from the pillar letter-box, as stated. I faced some of the letters up after turning out the collections, and before I had time to fill them up I was called to the stamping table by the officer."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-257-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-257-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-257-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-258">
<interp inst="t18840128-258" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-258" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-258-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-258-18840128 t18840128-258-offence-1 t18840128-258-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-258-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-258-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18840128" type="age" value="64"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18840128" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18840128" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY BAILEY</hi> (64)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-258-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-258-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-258-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18840128-258-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-258-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-258-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>feloniously receiving a bag and 37 Russian bonds, 420 Napoleons, and 24 half Imperials, knowing them to have been stolen, having been before convicted.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-258-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-258-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-258-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-258-18840128 t18840128-258-punishment-15"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">made an order of restitution.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-259">
<interp inst="t18840128-259" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-259" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-259-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-259-18840128 t18840128-259-offence-1 t18840128-259-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-259-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-259-18840128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-259-18840128" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-259-18840128" type="surname" value="CHEEK"/>
<interp inst="def1-259-18840128" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY CHEEK</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-259-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-259-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-259-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> to feloniously forging and uttering three receipts for money;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to other indictments for stealing articles of
<persName id="t18840128-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-83" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-83" type="given" value="ERNEST ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-259-offence-1 t18840128-name-83"/>Ernest Alfred Brown</persName>, her master.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-259-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-259-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-259-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-259-18840128 t18840128-259-punishment-16"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18840128-259-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-259-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-259-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-260">
<interp inst="t18840128-260" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-260" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-260-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-260-18840128 t18840128-260-offence-1 t18840128-260-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-260-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-260-18840128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18840128" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18840128" type="surname" value="CHEVALLOT"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18840128" type="given" value="ERNESTINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNESTINE CHEVALLOT</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-260-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-260-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-260-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/> to publishing a libel on
<persName id="t18840128-name-85" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-85" type="surname" value="MENAID"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-85" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-260-offence-1 t18840128-name-85"/>Arthur Menaid</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t18840128-260-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-260-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-260-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-260-18840128 t18840128-260-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">To enter into her own recognisance in</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</rs>
<rs id="t18840128-260-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-260-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-260-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1884.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-261">
<interp inst="t18840128-261" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-261" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-261-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-261-18840128 t18840128-261-offence-1 t18840128-261-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-261-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-261-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18840128" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18840128" type="surname" value="FLEMING"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18840128" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD FLEMING</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-261-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-261-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-261-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HICKS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-87" type="surname" value="EDMONDSTON"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-87" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH EDMONDSTON</persName> </hi>. I am shopwoman to Mr. Alcroft, a confectioner—on 16th January, at 1.30, I served the prisoner with some acid drops—he gave me a bad shilling; I bent it in the tester, and utterly spoiled it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280016"/>
<p>—I then gave it back to the prisoner, who said it was given to him where he worked—I spoke to Mr. Alcroft, who went out after him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-88" type="surname" value="ALCROFT"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-88" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK ALCROFT</persName> </hi>. I am a confectioner—on 16th January, about 1.30, the last witness showed me a bad shilling—I saw her bend it and return it to the prisoner—I went out at a side door, but he did not see me—when he came out I followed him to Foley Street, where he joined two young men; they went to the corner of Ogle Street, stopped a few minutes, and then went to the top of the street, and returned and went to the corner of Union Street—I then missed the prisoner—I looked into several shops and saw him coming out of Mrs. Dean's shop with some coppers in his hand—I pushed him back into the shop, and asked Mrs. Dean what he had given her—she said "A shilling," and showed it to me—I saw that it was bad, and told him I should charge him—he said that two young men gave it to him in change—I said "You have just uttered one at my shop"—he said that he could not help it, the two young men had given it to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-89" type="surname" value="DEAR"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-89" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN DEAR</persName> </hi>. My husband is a labourer, and I keep a small chandler's shop at 14, Union Street—on 16th January, about 1.45, I served the prisoner with a halfpennyworth of blacking; he gave me a shilling; I put it in the till, and gave him 11 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—Mr. Alcroft was on the doorstep—he did not push the prisoner in; he was in the shop—he had not left the counter—Mr. Alcroft asked me what I had taken—I showed him the shilling—he said that it was bad, and said "I shall give you in charge"—he said that two men gave it to him—this is it; it is quite new, and it was not bent when it was given to me—it is slightly cracked now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-90" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-90" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 360). I was called, and Mrs. Dean told me the prisoner had passed a bad shilling—I said "Where did you get it from?"—he said "Two men gave it to me; I don't know who they are or their names, but only by sight"—I found nothing on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-91" type="surname" value="WEBSTEB"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-91" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTEB</persName> </hi>. I am the son of the Inspector of coin to Her Majesty's Mint, and assist him—this shilling is bad—a good coin cannot be crumpled up unless by an instrument; it would bend in a tester with a strong hand, but I never heard of a shilling bent into a ball, being straightened; it would always leave a mark.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18840128-261-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-261-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-261-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of his good character.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-261-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-261-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-261-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-261-18840128 t18840128-261-punishment-18"/>Four Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-262">
<interp inst="t18840128-262" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-262" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-262-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-262-18840128 t18840128-262-offence-1 t18840128-262-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-262-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-262-18840128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18840128" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18840128" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18840128" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE CHAMBERS</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-262-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-262-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-262-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HICKS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-93" type="surname" value="LEA"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-93" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY LEA</persName> </hi>. On 23rd November I was barman at the Prince of Wales, at the corner of Drury Lane—the prisoner came in with another woman, who asked for a quartern of rum and put down this bad shilling—I told them it was bad—they both said "A gentleman gave it to us"—they were given in custody, and discharged on 26th November.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT LORD</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 229). On 29th November I took the prisoner and another woman at the Prince of Wales—they were re
<lb/>manded till the 26th, and then discharged—I received this shilling from Lea.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-94" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-94" type="surname" value="LUXTON"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-94" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE LUXTON</persName> </hi>. My stepfather keeps the Cloudesley Arms, Isling
<lb/>ton—on Saturday, 19th January, about 9.30 p.m., I served the prisoner with twopennyworth of whisky—she gave me a half-crown; I put it in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280017"/>
<p>a drawer where there was a florin only, and gave her two shillings and fourpence—when she left I looked at tho half-crown, tried it in the tester, and bent it—I gave it to my mother—the prisoner came again about a quarter of an hour afterwards for twopennyworth of whisky—I recog
<lb/>nised her—she put down a half-crown, I tried it, and it bent easily—I called Mr. Elliott, who took it, and I said to the prisoner "This is a bad one"—I don't think she answered—she was given in custody—these are the coins.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-95" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-95" type="surname" value="BARTH"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-95" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE BARTH</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Cloudesley Arms—I saw the prisoner come in on tho 17th January, and throw a half-crown to the last witness—I did not examine it—I saw her bend it in the tester.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-96" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-96" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ELLIOTT</persName> </hi>. I keep the Cloudesley Arms—Miss Luxton is my step
<lb/>daughter—she gave me a half-crown on the 19th January, and I said to the prisoner, who was in the bar, "You passed one previously, and this is the second"—she said that she had never been in the house before—I gave her in custody and took the coins to the station—this is the second coin, here are my teeth marks on it—I had cleared the till three minutes before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-97" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-97" type="given" value="HENRY JOSEPH"/>HENRY JOSEPH ANDREWS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 344). I took the prisoner and received these two half-crowns—I said "Have you any more?"—she said "No"—she had a purse in her hand with 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-98" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-98" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Defence.</hi> The half-crown was given to me, I did not know it was bad. A woman took me in and gave me some rum and changed a shilling. I was discharged for that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-262-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-262-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-262-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-262-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-262-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-262-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-262-18840128 t18840128-262-punishment-19"/>Eight Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-263">
<interp inst="t18840128-263" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-263" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-263-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-263-18840128 t18840128-263-offence-1 t18840128-263-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-263-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-263-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18840128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18840128" type="surname" value="COMMINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18840128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM COMMINS</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-263-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-263-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-263-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-263-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-263-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-263-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noAgreement"/>The Jury, being unable to agree, were discharged without a verdict.</rs> (See page</hi> 465.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-264">
<interp inst="t18840128-264" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-264" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-264-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-264-18840128 t18840128-264-offence-1 t18840128-264-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-264-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-264-18840128 t18840128-264-offence-1 t18840128-264-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-264-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-264-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-264-18840128" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-264-18840128" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-264-18840128" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JEREMIAH SULLIVAN</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-264-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-264-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-264-18840128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-264-18840128" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-264-18840128" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HARRIS</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-264-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-264-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-264-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, having other counterfeit coin in their possession.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HICKS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-102" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-102" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS MITCHELL</persName> </hi>. I keep the Anchor and Hope, Horse
<lb/>ferry Branch Road, Ratcliff—on the 2nd January, about 12.30 a.m., I was closing my house when the two prisoners came in—Sullivan called for a pint of ale, and gave me a florin—I said "This is a bad one," and went into the bar parlour to some friends and asked their advice—I then went outside and walked in between the prisoners and the door—I asked Sullivan if he had got any more money, as it was bad—they both said that they had no more—while I was calling a constable, Harris slipped out—Hope came in, I showed him the florin, he said that it was bad—my wife said "I served those two men with a pint of stout half an hour ago, and Harris gave me a two-shilling piece"—she said that before Harris slipped out, but she repeated it when the policeman came in—I gave Sullivan in charge—he said that he did not know that the coin was bad—I then searched the till and found another bad florin—there were other florins there—I examined the two florins and found that they were of the same shape and mould—I saw Harris a week afterwards at Shoreditch Police-station</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280018"/>
<p>among seven or eight others, and picked him out at once—he said that he was not the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Sullivan.</hi> I asked you where you got it, and you said "I carried a gentleman's portmanteau to the docks."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-103" type="surname" value="HOPE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-103" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HOPE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 220). On the 1st January, about 11.40 p.m., I saw Sullivan and a man who I cannot swear is Harris, near the Anchor and Hope public-house—Sullivan said to the other man "He is
<hi rend="italic">narking</hi> of us," meaning "watching us"—I afterwards saw them come out of the public-house, and they were in conversation under a rail
<lb/>way arch—the landlord came out, and then they went in again—it was then 12.20 or 12.25—I whistled to the landlord and he spoke to me—I went in and the landlord showed me a florin, and said "What do you call this?"—I said "Bad money," and asked Sullivan if he had got any more—he said "No"—the landlady said "Constable, I have served these men before this evening and took a florin from one of them"—I said "Well, lock at your money"—she put the money on the counter, and I saw several florins, half-crowns, and shillings, and among them this half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—Sullivan only was there then—I searched him but found nothing—about 4.30 a.m. I went to a coal shed near the rail
<lb/>way arch, about three yards from the private bar, and found an old pocket-handkerchief with a number of bad florins in it and seven bad shillings—I had seen the prisoners close to the coal shed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-104" type="surname" value="PECK"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-104" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PECK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant H</hi>). On 7th January, about 9.30 p.m., I took Harris at a common lodging-house, 19, George Street, Spitalfields, and told him the charge—he made no reply—I took him to Shadwell Station, where he was placed with five others, and the prosecutor identified him—I have seen the two prisoners together repeatedly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Sullivan.</hi> I have seen you together in Dorset Street—you both lived in a kitchen at 4, Dorset Street, for several weeks—I have also seen you in the Carpenters' Arms together—I cannot fix any date.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-105" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-105" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are bad, and from the same mould—the eight florins found in the handkerchief are bad, and six of them are from the same mould as the two first.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sullivan's Defence.</hi> I am entirely, innocent. I was never in the man's house before that night, and I told him I got it for carrying a gentleman's portmanteau. In the evening I called in again for a pint of ale, and he went into his private parlour and then into the street and came round and gave me in custody. Nothing was found on me. I am a hawker, and am likely to take bad coin. I never saw this man (
<hi rend="italic">Harris</hi>) in my life.</p>
<rs id="t18840128-264-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-264-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-264-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of uttering, but not of having counterfeit coin in their possession.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-264-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-264-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-264-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-264-18840128 t18840128-264-punishment-20"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-264-18840128 t18840128-264-punishment-20"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1884.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-265">
<interp inst="t18840128-265" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-265" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-265-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-265-18840128 t18840128-265-offence-1 t18840128-265-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-265-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-265-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18840128" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18840128" type="surname" value="HUDDLESTONE"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18840128" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK HUDDLESTONE</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-265-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-265-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-265-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining an order for the payment of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in money, from
<persName id="t18840128-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-107" type="surname" value="COWIE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-107" type="given" value="WILLIAM LACHLAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-265-offence-1 t18840128-name-107"/>William Lachlan Cowie</persName>, by false pretences, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACKWELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MUNDAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280019"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-108" type="surname" value="COWIE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-108" type="given" value="WILLIAM LACHLAN"/>WILLIAM LACHLAN COWIE</persName> </hi>. I live at 8, Norfolk Street, Strand—at present I have no occupation—on 12th December I saw the prisoner in company with a man named McVay—the prisoner asked me if I would change this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) for him, which he showed me, together with this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—he said he had received the cheque from the writer of the letter, an old friend of his father's, Mr. Waddy, living at Harley House, Bath—he said the cheque was a good one, and was given him to defray the expenses of his outfit, as he was going to the Congo—I said if he would come back again for it I would let him have the money—he came back to my rooms in the evening of the same day, bringing the cheque to mo, and I gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. against it; it was all the change I had—next morning I saw him, and he asked me if I could change the cheque then; he had left it with me overnight—I said I could not change it myself, but I asked my landlord to change it for me, and my landlord gave me an open cheque of his own for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I said "Will you bring back the 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. when you change this open cheque?"—I was induced to part with the 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and the cheque for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by the assurance on his part and his friend Mr. McVay that the cheque was a good one—I handed the cheque to my landlord, who afterwards made a communication to me about it—I next saw the prisoner on 29th December—I said "What about that cheque; are you going to settle it?"—I did not tell him that the cheque had returned marked "No account"—he said "If you give me time some arrangement will be made"—no arrangements having been made I afterwards gave him into custody—during the interval he told me he lived at 15, Red Lion Square—I went there with Sergeant Gregory and made inquiries—they knew him there; he was not living there—I took out the warrant on the 2nd—I am not certain what date he was taken in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had had one cheque transaction with the prisoner before—that cheque was drawn in my favour, and the prisoner got his friend to cash it for me—I had no other transactions with him—I parted with my money on his assurance that the cheque was a good one—I should not part with money to any one who assured me of that—I went to two addresses at Croydon—the other prisoner said that if the cheque were re-presented it would be all right—it was not re-presented; I don't present cheques marked no account.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-109" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-109" type="surname" value="COWIE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-109" type="given" value="OLIVIA"/>OLIVIA COWIE</persName> </hi>. I am the last witness's wife—on 12th December the prisoner called at our rooms in Norfolk Street at 8.30—he asked my husband if he would cash the cheque for him; I saw it in a letter—my husband asked him if it was all right, and he said certainly it was—my husband told him to call the next morning, and he gave him a sovereign that night—the prisoner called next morning about 10.30 or 11; my husband was ill in bed, and I asked the prisoner if he would go and see him—he went in and saw my husband, who gave me the cheque and asked me to ask the landlord if he would cash it for him—the landlord gave me an open cheque for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which I gave to the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-110" type="surname" value="SCARLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-110" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SCARLETT</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of 18, Norfolk Street—on 13th December I received this cheque from Mrs. Cowie, and paid it into my bank—it was returned on the 15th marked "No account."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-111" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-111" type="given" value="BERTRAM CHARLES"/>BERTRAM CHARLES KNIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to the Belgravia branch of the National Bank—this cheque is from a cheque-book issued to Mrs</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280020"/>
<p>McVay, whose account was closed on 10th December—we have no cus
<lb/>tomer of the name of Waddy, of Harley House, Bath.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-112" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-112" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES THOMAS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 234). I arrested the prisoner on 10th January outside the Temple Bar Restaurant—I told him the charge—he said "All right; I will go quietly"—as he was entering the Bow Street Police-station he called Mr. Cowie's attention to something; I did not hear what it was—he made no answer to the charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-113" type="surname" value="COWIE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-113" type="given" value="WILLIAM LACHLAN"/>WILLIAM LACHLAN COWIE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I don't know if some time ago the prisoner got a cheque cashed for me which was presented four times.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-265-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-265-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-265-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-265-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-265-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-265-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-265-18840128 t18840128-265-punishment-21"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-266">
<interp inst="t18840128-266" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-266" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-266-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-266-18840128 t18840128-266-offence-1 t18840128-266-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-266-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-266-18840128 t18840128-266-offence-1 t18840128-266-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-266-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-266-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18840128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18840128" type="surname" value="SPICER"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18840128" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL SPICER</hi> (21)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-266-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-266-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-266-18840128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-266-18840128" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def2-266-18840128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE EDWARDS</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-266-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-266-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-266-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Bur
<lb/>glary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18840128-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-116" type="surname" value="CROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-266-offence-1 t18840128-name-116"/>William Crook</persName>, and stealing 16 boots of
<persName id="t18840128-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-117" type="surname" value="CROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-117" type="given" value="MANNING"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-266-offence-1 t18840128-name-117"/>Manning Crook</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACKWELL</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-118" type="surname" value="CROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-118" type="given" value="GRACE"/>GRACE CROOK</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Crook, of 81, Benwell Road, Islington; he works at the Great Northern—on the morning of 14th January I and my son, Charles Manning, closed and fastened up the house and shop and went to bed—about 20 minutes later I heard the rumbling of something and a knocking at the doors and shutters—I first heard the sound of a barrow moving round towards the stables—I called out to my son on the top stairs—he went downstairs and I followed him—before we got to the bottom of the stairs I heard a crash of glass—I next saw my son struggling with Spicer in the road, and boots out of our shop were on the pavement—I picked them up—a couple of policemen came up and took Spicer from my son—from my shop I missed eight pairs of odd boots, of the total value of 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—Edwards was standing by with another man—I identified him among many at the police-station—my son was lying in the road very much knocked about.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Spicer.</hi> I should think you were struggling with my son for 10 minutes or a quarter of an hour before the policemen came—I came directly behind my son—I assisted him to keep you down—some one hit you in the eye with a stick—you hit my son with your arm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-119" type="surname" value="CROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-119" type="given" value="CHARLES MANNING"/>CHARLES MANNING CROOK</persName> </hi>. I am the last witness's son—in the early morning of 13th January I assisted my mother in closing the shop and house about a quarter past one o'clock—I went to bed about half-past I—when I was upstairs in bed my attention was excited by a noise down-stairs—I got out and looked out of the back window—I could see nothing—I opened my bedroom door, the noise increased—I ran downstairs in my night-dress, and when on the last flight of stairs the window was smashed—I got into the shop and saw the window wide open, and three men, of whom Spicer was one, standing in the front at three squares of glass—I unlocked and unbolted the door at once, and got outside and put my hand on Spicer's shoulder—he had got his arms full of boots—as soon as I put my hand on him he said "Oh, G—!" and tried to run—I kept hold of him, and we wrestled, he struggling to get away, till the constable came—I was very much knocked about, and in bed a week.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Spicer.</hi> You were standing on the pavement, with your head and shoulders inside the window, taking the boots out—the other two men were each at another square—I caught hold of you because you were nearest to me—you had as many boots in your arms as you could hold—we fell in the road, about 10 yards from the pavement—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280021"/>
<p>should think we struggled for ten minutes or a quarter of an hour—my mother came down immediately after me, and the lady and gentleman living in the house came down and saw the struggle—I did not kneel on the glass.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Edwards.</hi> I don't distinguish you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-120" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-120" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 480). At 1.30 on the morning of 13th January I was in Liverpool Road, in company with Keen, and heard shouts of murder and police, and ran towards Ben well Road, and heard shouts again—at 81, Ben well Road I saw Mr. Crook struggling with spicer on the ground, and some boots lying about—the bar of tht shop shutters had bten forced out, and one end broken—the shutters had been taken down and four panes of glass had been smashed into small pieces—the divisional surgeon was called to Crook at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Spicer.</hi> You were lying quiet when I came up, because the prosecutor was on the top of you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Edwards.</hi> I know nothing about you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-121" type="surname" value="TARGET"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-121" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER TARGET</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sergeant Y</hi>). I arrested Edwards on the morning of 24th, at 11 o'clock, in the Liverpool Road, and charged him with being concerned with Spicer in breaking and entering 81, Ben well Road, on the night of the 12th—he said "I know nothing about it"—I have seen Spicer and Edwards together—I took him to tile Hornsey Road Police-station, where he was placed among seven other men, and if Mrs. Crook and the other witness picked him out—she said to the best of her belief—the answer he made was he knew nothing about it—when he was charged ho said "I didn't break the window, Burke broke the window; when the shutters were taken down we came away; I did not break the window and steal the boots."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Edwards.</hi> I asked you nothing on the way to the station—I have seen Spicer in your presence at a public-house.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SPICER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-266-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-266-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-266-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>**.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-266-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-266-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-266-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-266-18840128 t18840128-266-punishment-22"/>Two Years' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARDS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-266-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-266-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-266-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-267">
<interp inst="t18840128-267" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-267" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-267-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-267-18840128 t18840128-267-offence-1 t18840128-267-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-267-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-267-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18840128" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18840128" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18840128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM MILLER</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-267-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-267-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-267-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, Stealing a mare and a halter belonging to
<persName id="t18840128-name-123" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-123" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-267-offence-1 t18840128-name-123"/>John Payne</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACWELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-124" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-124" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PAYNE</persName> </hi>. I am a greengrocer of 24, Sloane Terrace, Chelsea—I have knowu the prison or several years—on 14th January my mare was locked up in the stable at Cotton's Yard, George Street; I had seen it at 8 o'clock, I did not see it locked up—on the morning of the 15th I went to the stable—my mare was not there—I found the chain prized open and one of the large links of iron broken—the padlock was still locked on the staple—I gave information to the police, and on the following morning saw the mare at the Milestone slaughter house.—she was worth about 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I put her at 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-125" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-125" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am a horse-slaughterer of Wallace Cottage, Garrett Lane—on the morning of 15th January the prisoner came and said he wanted a horse killed, which he brought with him, and he wanted to take back the off fore foot—"he said his father was dead and the horse belonged to his mother, who was in the hospital, but lived at Lawrence Street, Brompton—I made a communication to my master and afterwards went with the prisoner to Lawrence Street, Chelsea, to sea whether the horse did belong to his mother—I could not find his mother there—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280022"/>
<p>prisoner said I had better go round to his sister in Flood Street—I did so, but could find no one there to give me information—I cannot say what name the prisoner gave me, it was not William Miller—I took him back to Garrett Lane and afterwards went for a policeman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You said it chucked "your" mother off the cab at 2 o'clock, not "his" mother, and that it killed "your" father six weeks ago, not "his" father.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-126" type="surname" value="STANDING"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-126" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR STANDING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman W</hi> 121). I was Detective Sergeant B on the 15th January, when the prisoner came in Taylor's company to the station and was detained on a charge of stealing the horse, which was afterwards identified by the prosecutor—I and the prosecutor went and fetched the horse with his halter from Garrett Lane.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I didn't know the horse was stolen; if I did, does it stand feasible I should go to the station to have the book signed?"</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that on the morning in question he was walking towards Earl's Court, about a quarter to three, and saw a four-wheeled cab with two males and a female riding on the box. The horse fell, broke the shafts, and pitched the woman off, who said "Blast the horse, take it and have it killed, that is the way my poor father met with his death. The horse was led into Pont Street, and one of the gentlemen asked him to take the horse to be killed.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-267-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-267-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-267-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction of felony in October</hi>, 1883.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-267-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-267-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-267-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-267-18840128 t18840128-267-punishment-23"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-268">
<interp inst="t18840128-268" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-268" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-268-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-268-18840128 t18840128-268-offence-1 t18840128-268-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-268-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-268-18840128 t18840128-268-offence-1 t18840128-268-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-268-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-268-18840128 t18840128-268-offence-1 t18840128-268-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-268-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-268-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18840128" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18840128" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18840128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE COX</hi> (22)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-268-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-268-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-268-18840128" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def2-268-18840128" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="def2-268-18840128" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT HARDING</hi> (16)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-268-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-268-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-268-18840128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def3-268-18840128" type="surname" value="ATKINS"/>
<interp inst="def3-268-18840128" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS ATKINS</hi> (18)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-268-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-268-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-268-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18840128-268-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-268-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-268-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing two coats, the goods of
<persName id="t18840128-name-130" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-130" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-130" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-268-offence-1 t18840128-name-130"/>Richard White</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COX</hi>*
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to a previous conviction of felony in January, 1882, in the name of Harvey Dixon, and
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARDING</hi>** to one in September, 1882, in the name of William Peck.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COX</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-268-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-268-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-268-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-268-18840128 t18840128-268-punishment-24"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARDING</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-268-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-268-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-268-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-268-18840128 t18840128-268-punishment-25"/>Two Years' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ATKINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-268-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-268-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-268-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-268-18840128 t18840128-268-punishment-26"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-269">
<interp inst="t18840128-269" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-269" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-269-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-269-18840128 t18840128-269-offence-1 t18840128-269-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-269-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-269-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18840128" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18840128" type="surname" value="HENDY"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18840128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HENDY</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-269-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-269-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-269-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18840128-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-132" type="surname" value="CALE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-132" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-269-offence-1 t18840128-name-132"/>Mary Cale</persName>, his wife being then alive.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-269-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-269-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-269-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-269-18840128 t18840128-269-punishment-27"/>Three Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18840128-269-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-269-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-269-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-270">
<interp inst="t18840128-270" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-270" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-270-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-270-18840128 t18840128-270-offence-1 t18840128-270-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-270-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-270-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-270-18840128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-270-18840128" type="surname" value="SHORT"/>
<interp inst="def1-270-18840128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SHORT</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-270-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-270-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-270-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to uttering two forged orders for the delivery of two watches, the goods of
<persName id="t18840128-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-134" type="surname" value="MILTON"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-134" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-270-offence-1 t18840128-name-134"/>William Milton</persName>, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-270-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-270-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-270-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-270-18840128 t18840128-270-punishment-28"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18840128-270-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-270-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-270-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1884.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">For the case of Robert Plampton see Surrey Cases.</hi>)</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-271">
<interp inst="t18840128-271" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-271" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-271-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-271-18840128 t18840128-271-offence-1 t18840128-271-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-271-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-271-18840128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18840128" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18840128" type="surname" value="WORDLEGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18840128" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA WORDLEGE</hi> (23)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18840128-271-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-271-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-271-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for the manslaughter of her newborn child.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORACE AVORY</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Defended at the request of the Court.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-271-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-271-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-271-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1884.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Watkin Williams.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-272">
<interp inst="t18840128-272" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-272" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-272-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-272-18840128 t18840128-272-offence-1 t18840128-272-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-272-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-272-18840128 t18840128-272-offence-1 t18840128-272-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-272-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-272-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-272-18840128" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-272-18840128" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-272-18840128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BRYANT</hi> (28)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-272-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-272-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-272-18840128" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-272-18840128" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-272-18840128" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY DEAN</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-272-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-272-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-272-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18840128-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-138" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-138" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-138" type="given" value="MARGARET ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-272-offence-1 t18840128-name-138"/>Margaret Ann Bishop</persName>, and stealing a purse and other articles.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280023"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ISAACSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-139" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-139" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-139" type="given" value="MARGARET ANN"/>MARGARET ANN BISHOP</persName> </hi>. I am a single woman, of 62, Russell Road, Holloway—on Sunday night, the 20th inst., between 10 and 12 o'clock, I was in Izant Road, a turning out of the Hornsey Road, when I saw the prisoners on the same side—Bryant put his arm round my neck; I released myself, and then he followed me and put his arm round my neck again—Dean came up as if he were going to protect me, and asked me what he was doing to me—I put my hand up and found Bryant had my brooch in his hand—I said "You have made a mistake, it is only a common one," and then he let go a bit, but he never took his arm away from my neck the second time—by that time we had got into the road where I lived, and one of them said "Now let us seduce her"—they did not effect their purpose—they got me against the railings on the opposite side—my dress pocket was turned inside out and the things gone, consist
<lb/>ing of a silk handkerchief, bunch of keys, one large key, a purse, and two sixpences wrapped in paper in the purse—I ran down into a neighbour's place and told them what had happened, and two gentlemen came up the steps with me but could not see anybody, and they took me home—that was about fifty doors from where I lived—I told my mother and brother what had happened, and went to the station to give information—I next saw the prisoners at a florist's in the Seven Sisters' Road, nearly opposite our turning—I identified them and gave them in custody—I went to the station and saw them searched—two sixpences in a piece of paper were found on Bryant, and a silk handkerchief on Dean—the keys and purse were thrown away—I am sure the prisoners are the men.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Bryant.</hi> When the sixpences were found they asked me whether I could swear to them—I said "No," but when I saw the piece of paper fall I said I could swear to that, and they asked me what was on it, and I said "Something about theatres," and they said "That is all right."</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. When I was in the passage with my friends they said "You are only frightened; you have not lost anything"—then I looked and found I was robbed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-140" type="surname" value="SQUIRE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-140" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SQUIRE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 313). I was on duty in the Seven Sisters' Road, and met the prisoners walking together—Bryant asked me some questions immaterial to this case and passed on—I went to Russell Road—I saw the prosecutrix's brother standing at the gate with her; she was crying—they called me over and told me the circumstances of the case, and gave me a description of the men, and from the descrip
<lb/>tion of Bryant I said I had just passed that man in the Seven Sisters' Road—I returned to the Seven Sisters' Road, and at the corner of Russell Road I saw the two prisoners—Dean was on the opposite side—I then saw Bryant cross the Seven Sisters' Road and try to push a woman in a dark gateway—I crossed over and the woman complained to me of their conduct—I asked the prisoners for their names and addresses—I kept them in conversation, asking them where they lived and where they were going, before I could see the last witness with her brother, and then I signalled for her to como back—I called her by her name—she was about 200 yards farther down the road with her brother—I turned my light on and she came up—I asked her if she could identify either of those men for robbing her—she pointed to Bryant and said "That is one"—I asked her if the know the other man, and she said "Yes,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280024"/>
<p>that is the other one; that is his companion"—I told them they would have to go to the station with me—they made no answer—the prosecutrix's brother assisted me—Bryant went quietly, but Dean got obstreperous, and I had to knock him down twice with my first—I had my stick drawn and told them what I should do if they attempted to get away—I took them to the station and they were charged with stealing a purse, two sixpences in a piece of paper, a silk handkerchief, a bunch of keys, a large key, and a brooch—I searched them and found two sixpences in the left hand trousers pocket of Bryant—on pulling out the two sixpences this piece of newspaper came out and fell on the floor (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the prose
<lb/>cutrix told the inspector before that the sixpences were wrapped up in paper, and also told what was on the paper—the paper was shown to her and she said that was the paper which her sixpences wero wrapped in—I then found 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper in Bryant's watch-pocket—on Bean I found 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver and 3 1/2. in bronze, and in the right-hand coat pocket a silk handkerchief with the initials which the prosecutrix told the inspector were on it, "J. A."—the bunch of keys were brought to the station by a person who picked them up on a footpath near an empty house—I looked for the purse but could not find it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Bryant.</hi> You asked me where there was a place where you could do what you wanted—I did not tell you to go down there—I struck you outside the station—I did not say "I will get it up for you"—the woman you pushed into the gateway came to the station—she is a prostitute and gave her name when she came to the police-court—she did not stop you, but you stopped her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners' Statements before the Magistrate. Bryant says:</hi> "It is all false; I am not guilty."
<hi rend="italic">Dean says:</hi> "The lady has made a mistake; I am not the person who robbed her; I was not in that road."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Bryant, in his defence, said that he had never seen the prosecutrix till he saw the policeman, and he knew nothing about the bit of paper.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Dean, in his defence, said lie had never seen the prosecutrix until he was given in charge, and the money lie had on him belonged to him, and that the handkerchief must have been placed in his pocket on going to the station.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-272-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-272-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-272-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-272-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-272-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-272-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-272-18840128 t18840128-272-punishment-29"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-272-18840128 t18840128-272-punishment-29"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-273">
<interp inst="t18840128-273" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-273" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-273-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-273-18840128 t18840128-273-offence-1 t18840128-273-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-273-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-273-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18840128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18840128" type="surname" value="DARCEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18840128" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED DARCEY</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-273-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-273-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-273-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18840128-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-142" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-142" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-273-offence-1 t18840128-name-142"/>James Fletcher</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREENWOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-143" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-143" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FLETCHER</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, Albert Terrace New Church Road, Camberwell, and am a night hall porter in the employment of the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi>, Printing House Square, where I have been for 23 years—on Sunday, 2nd December, the prisoner was employed in the engineers' department at the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi> office, having to look after the electric light—in consequence of instructions I received I went to the prisoner at about 11.45 p.m. and told him that I had been informed he had insulted one of the overseers, and it was simply my duty to see that he immediately left the office—he told me iu reply that he had not insulted the gentleman—I told him I did not wish to have any argument with him, I had only to see that lie left the office—he requested that I should allow him to go or send upstairs for his character, but I persisted in not doing so, and he repeated that I should allow him to go up—I told him he must go—he asked me if I would allow him to finish his supper—I said, "Yes, but go imme
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280025"/>
<p>after"—I left him for a few minutes, and then returned and said, "Come my good fellow, come along"—he rose from his Beat and followed me up the staircase to the wicket-gate—he then made a firm stand, and persisted still that ho should be allowed to go ups'airs, but I remained firm and would not allow him, and he said, "You aro no man"—I called on the messenger to pull the catch to open the wicket-gate—the prisoner passed out, and I followed him to the folding doors inside the office—he then made a firm stand, still persisting in his demand to be allowed to go upstairs—I still refused, when he made use of a vile expression, which I cannot remember, and called on me to come outside—I did not go outside—I felt a blow in my groin immediately those words fell from his lips—I raised my arm, and felt two stab wounds in my left shoulder—I called out to George Putnam at the wicket-gate, "George, I am stabbed"—as I staggered round the prisoner followed me up with another blow in my back—I fell to the ground and partly lost conscious
<lb/>ness—Putnam put me into a cab, when I was taken to Bartholomew's Hospital, where I was an inmate for 16 days—I still feel very low, and am an out-patient of the hospital—I have not been able to resume my duties.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know the prisoner's age—I should say he has not been in the office more than six months—as a rule inquiries are made before persons are taken into the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi> office as to their character—he told me he was taken in without a character—I had no quarrel with him and he had no animosity against me, except that I persisted in his not going upstairs—if he said I came down and began hurrying him and hustling him about it would be quite untrue—"Come, my good fellow," were my words—he asked me to go upstairs to ask the overseer for his character, which I refused—I dare not attempt to go up and trifle with the head overseer to ask such a question—I had received my instructions, and I knew I must abide by them—I did not say to him, "No. not likely, you cannot have a character"—I did not say, "I won't go"—I never put my hands on him—I did not make a blow at him—I did not notice any instrument in his hand when he was taking hit supper—there was no struggle between us.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When he asked me to go upstairs for his character I said "Go, there's a good fellow, and I will speak for you in the morning," meaning when the head gentleman was not busy—Mr. Killburn is the overseer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-144" type="surname" value="PUTNAM"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-144" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PUTNAM</persName> </hi>. I live at 6, Wales Terrace, Finsbury Park, and am a night messenger in the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi> office—I was on duty at the time in question wheu the prosecutor and the prisoner came together to the door—it is my duty to open the door—the catch is attached to a wire like a bell wire—they were standing inside the barrier, just behind the desk—the entrance hall leads out into Printing House Square—the wicket-gate was closed—I was standing behind—the prosecutor had given me instructions to keep the door shut before he went downstairs, and when he came upstairs I heard them talking, and Fletcher said "Come, my good fellow, now go quietly," and he said "Pull the string," which I did, and the prisoner and Fletcher passed through the gate—Fletcher followed the prisoner to the outer door leading iuto Printing Home Square, and I heard the prisoner say "Are you still determined not to go up for my character?" and before he could answer I saw the prisoner strike him or give a blow in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280026"/>
<p>front—with that Mr. Fletcher put out his arm, and I saw two more blows como on his arm—Fletcher called out "George, I am stabbed, I am stabbed"—with that he twirled round and came against the wicket-gate, and the prisoner followed and gave him another blow in the back—I went round and assisted him in—he was very much exhausted—I found his arm was bleeding—the prisoner went away—Fletcher was taken to the hospital—I had seen the prisoner about an hour before—I thought he had been drinking.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was rather florid—I have noticed a kind of dazed appearance in him, and he has looked very odd indeed—he struck me as being a queer kind of boy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-145" type="surname" value="OLDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-145" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN OLDMAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 17, Morrison Buildings, Commercial Road East, and am in the engineers' department of the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi> office, where I attend to the electric lights—up to 2nd December the prisoner was employed under me in that department—about 11 o'clock on that night he came to me and complained about the work, meaning that he was doing it all, and that I was doing none—I then said "If you do not like it leave the office, and come and make your complaint to Mr. Carroll to-morrow"—he is manager of the engineers' department—I noticed the prisoner was in drink—he went to the bench, and said "I shall want two hours' pay, from 9 till 11. If I get the
<hi rend="italic">sack</hi> from this office you will remember me the longest
<hi rend="italic">bleeding</hi> day you ever lived"—that was in the engineers' shop, within two yards from where the tools are kept—I then said "You shan't touch another electric light here to-night, so you must leave the office"—I then went upstairs in the composing department to look after the lights, as the prisoner had knocked off, and I remained there some minutes, and then came down, and the prisoner was within about five or six yards of me—he said "If I go upstairs again I will punch Masson on the b——nose"—he is an over
<lb/>seer upstairs—I immediately complained to Mr. Kilburn and to Fletcher as I passed the door, and said to him "Do not let him go upstairs any more to-night, as I have asked him to leave the office"—shortly after a policeman came and brought me this tool (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is called a rimer—it is sharp-pointed and tapers—there would be plenty of them in the engineers' shop—it was not the prisoner's duty to use such a tool or to carry one with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> These small tools are only used in the electric part—tools are occasionally left about.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> It has nothing to do with the engineers' department, but the electric lights.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-146" type="surname" value="PERRIN"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-146" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PERRIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 504). I was on duty in Printing House Lane at the time in question, when I found this instrument (
<hi rend="italic">the rimer</hi>) about 10 yards from the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi> office—at about 12 o'clock I took it to the office and gave it to the last witness—it has since then been in the custody-of the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-147" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-147" type="given" value="CHARLES ARTHUR"/>CHARLES ARTHUR MORRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the Royal College of Surgeons, and am house surgeon at Bartholomew's Hospital—the prosecutor was brought there about 12 p.m. on the 2nd December—I examined him, and found four small punctured wounds, which were bleeding slightly—one was in the right groin, two on the left arm, and one in the back—they were about half an inch deep, and might hare been produced by such an instrument as this—they were not dangerous</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280027"/>
<p>—the prosecutor was under my charge until the 18th December—he suffered a good deal from nervous shock and bronchitis, and we thought it best to take him in—he is now an out-patient.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It would not require much force to produce those wounds—if any violence were used such an instrument might go very deep.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not take his clothes off—I have a dresser who does that sort of thing—I have no idea what he had on.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I wish to say nothing now."</p>
<rs id="t18840128-273-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-273-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-273-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-273-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-273-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-273-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-273-18840128 t18840128-273-punishment-30"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-274">
<interp inst="t18840128-274" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-274" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-274-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-274-18840128 t18840128-274-offence-1 t18840128-274-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-274-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-274-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-274-18840128" type="surname" value="BASDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-274-18840128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BASDEN</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t18840128-274-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-274-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-274-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18840128-name-149" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-149" type="surname" value="FRETTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-149" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-274-offence-1 t18840128-name-149"/>Caroline Fretter</persName>, and stealing a purse and 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., the money and goods of
<persName id="t18840128-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-150" type="surname" value="FRETTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-150" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-274-offence-1 t18840128-name-150"/>George Fretter</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PELLEW</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-151" type="surname" value="FRETTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-151" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE FRETTER</persName> </hi>. I live at 29, Cedar Road, Walham Green—on the 27th inst., at I am., I was with my husband in the Greyhound Road, when five men rushed out—one struck my husband, and the prisoner struck me in the eye and kicked me and knocked me down—I screamed out, and the prisoner caught hold of me and said "You b——
<hi rend="italic">cow</hi>, I will choke you"—my purse was taken from me with 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in it—the prisoner ran away—I got up and followed him, and two policemen came along—a policeman brought the prisoner to me, and asked me if he was the man, and I said "Yes"—both I and my husband were sober—I have no doubt of the prisoner's identity.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You kicked me in the mouth—I did not know you before—I am sure you are the man, because you pushed up against us at first—I should know one of the others.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-152" type="surname" value="FRETTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-152" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE FRETTER</persName> </hi>. I was with my wife—as we passed the Greyhound public-house five men rushed out of the doorway—one came up against me—I asked him what he was doing, and he said "Who the d—hell are you?"—I said "You had better let us alone, we are going home"—he then struck me on the side of the head, and the prisoner went up to my wife and struck her in the eye, and knocked her down in the road and kicked her in the mouth—we called "Police"—the prisoner ran away for about 20 yards—I did not lose sight of him till the police came—I am sure of him—we were sober—we had been to Hammersmith to see a friend—I am a labourer—I never saw the prisoner before—it is rather a lonely road, but there is a lamp just where he was standing, by the public-house—I saw the policeman take him on a little piece of waste ground—the policeman turned his bull's-eye on, and there he was, trying to get away, not 20 yards off—as soon as I called "Police" the man who attacked me ran away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-153" type="surname" value="THURLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-153" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE THURLOW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 632). I was on duty near the Grey
<lb/>hound public-house when I heard soreams of "Police!"—I saw the prisoner turning round into the Lily Road followed by the prosecutrix—when he observed me he turned off the main road on to a piece of waste ground—I caught up to him, and he tried to scale a wall—I asked him what he was doing there, and he said "Nothing"—I said "You will have to come with me to the main road—by that time there were four others collected and the prosecutrix—I put the prisoner between them, and the prosecutrix picked him out, and said "That is the man," and charged him with assaulting her and stealing a purse with 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280028"/>
<p>said "I know nothing at all about it"—he was searched at the police-station, and a shilling in silver and threepence in bronze were found on him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was no occasion for you to go on to the waste ground to get where you lived.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He gave a correct address—he could have gone that way to his house, but it would have been a long way round—the wall to tried to scale was brick; about 5 feet high.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. The prosecutrix could have seen the prisoner from where she was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I know nothing of the case at all, and have no witnesses to call."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence said that he was ntt the man; that he had been in employment, making twelve to fourteen hours a day, and that the money found upon him was his own.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18840128-274-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-274-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-274-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of robbery.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-274-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-274-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-274-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-274-18840128 t18840128-274-punishment-31"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1884.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-275">
<interp inst="t18840128-275" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-275" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-275-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-275-18840128 t18840128-275-offence-1 t18840128-275-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-275-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-275-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18840128" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18840128" type="surname" value="FINNIGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18840128" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL FINNIGAN</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-275-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-275-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-275-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18840128-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-155" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-155" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-275-offence-1 t18840128-name-155"/>Patrick White</persName>, and stealing from him 5 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LILLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-156" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-156" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK WHITE</persName> </hi>. I live at 5, St. George's Chambers, Ratcliff High-way—between 12 and 1 o'clock on 6th January I was in Brick Lane, going down the street to get a lodging, for it was too late to go home—I saw the prisoner standing at the corner with a young man and woman—as I stepped on the kerb he left the young man and woman and hit me on the face and knocked me down—I got up again and faced him—he caught hold of me and knocked me down again, and took three-pence out of my right-hand pocket—we struggled with one another, and he got mo down again the third time, and then took 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. out of my left-hand pocket—I got up again and faced him, and he knocked me down on my left side—I was only hurt on the elbow—I got up and walked up Brick Lane and spoke to a policeman—the policeman went towards him, but did not see him—I had never seen the man before to my knowledge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see that you were drunk—I did not hit you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-157" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-157" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GREGORY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 70). I was on duty on the 6th January, between 12 and 1 o'clock, in Brick Lane—I saw the prisoner and prosecutor struggling together; I went to get hold of the prisoner to take him in custody, a lot of women got in my way and I could not get at him—he ran away down Flower and Dean Street—I called after him "All right, Finnigan, I shall have you before the morning"—I had seen him about the neighbourhood before—I found a bat near the spot—I gave information to Nichols at once, and saw the prisoner about a quarter of an hour afterwards in Nichols's custody—the prisoner then had no hat on—I asked if that was his hat, and he said "Yes; you will find some spots of blood on the lining, what I had from Saturday night"—there was blood on the lining—I accom
<lb/>panied him to the station; Nichols searched him in my presence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was near enough to see the struggle—I was a little distance off—the prosecutor did not walk up to me afterwards—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280029"/>
<p>I came on the spot only in time to see tho prosecutor full once—I did not put the prosecutor up to tell this story—when going out of the dock you said to the Magistrate "May I have my hat, sir?"—you were not drunk; you had been drinking.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-158" type="surname" value="NICHOLS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-158" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS NICHOLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 218). I was on duty in the neighbour
<lb/>hood of Brick Lane on the morning of 6th January, between 12 am) I, and received information from Gregory, in consequence of which I arrested the prisoner about a quarter of an hour afterwards—he had no hat on—I told him I should take him into custody for assaulting and robbing a man in Brick Lane—he said "All right, I will go quiet; I know nothing about it"—on the way to the station he said "He hit me, and I hit him"—Gregory produced the hat, and asked him if it was his, and he said it was, and that there was a blood stain on it—I searched him, and found 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze on him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You asked what I locked you up for, and when I told you you said you knew nothing about it—you said your hat had a spot of red blood in it—you said you got 15
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. from some man in the market—you had been drinking, but were not drunk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I am quite innocent. I work in the market. They have got a spite against me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-275-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-275-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-275-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in October</hi>, 1880.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-275-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-275-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-275-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-275-18840128 t18840128-275-punishment-32"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-276">
<interp inst="t18840128-276" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-276" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-276-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-276-18840128 t18840128-276-offence-1 t18840128-276-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-276-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-276-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18840128" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18840128" type="surname" value="WEAVER"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18840128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WEAVER</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-276-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-276-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-276-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering an endorse
<lb/>ment on an order for the payment of 22
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-276-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-276-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-276-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1884.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-277">
<interp inst="t18840128-277" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-277" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-277-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-277-18840128 t18840128-277-offence-1 t18840128-277-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-277-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-277-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18840128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18840128" type="surname" value="COMMINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18840128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM COMMINS</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-277-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-277-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-277-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HICKS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-161" type="surname" value="GILES"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-161" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH GILES</persName> </hi>. I live at 30, Betterton Street, Endell Street, and am 16 years old—I work at Nixey's blacking place—I have known the prisoner about five years—on 10th January I was in Betterton Street about 12 o'clock, and saw the prisoner with another boy about my age—the prisoner said "Joe, I want you"—I went with them to the Serve Quick coffee-shop, Drury Lane—they gave me something to eat—the other boy paid for it—the prisoner and I went out, leaving the third boy there—we went to a grocer's shop—before we got there Cummins said "Go and get us 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. worth of stamps"—I said "All right"—we were then opposite the shop—he said that he had a bad leg, which was why he did not go himself—we had walked for five minutes from the coffee-shop, and he walked a little lame—ho gave me a half-crown and sixpence in copper to get the stamps—he pointed out the shop, Mr. Glennister's, and told me I should find him at the corner of Bloomsbury Street—I put down the same money in Mr. Glennister's shop—he said that the half-crown was bad, and asked me who sent me—I said "The boy on the opposite side," and pointed out the prisoner—he told me to stay in the shop, and I saw him go across and speak to the prisoner—he came back to the shop with the prisoner and two policemen, and I was taken in custody, and taken before a Magistrate next day, who took me out of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280030"/>
<p>dock and put me into the witness box, and I gave the same evidence as I have given to-day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I said that I was afraid to go home because I had left my work.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-162" type="surname" value="GLENNISTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-162" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GLENNISTER</persName> </hi>. I am employed at the grocer's shop and post-office in Russell Street—on 10th January Giles came in for 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. worth of stamps, and gave me this bad half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) and sixpence in copper—I asked him who sent him—he pointed out Cummins, who was on the other side of the road, and told me his name—I left him in my sister's charge, went across, took hold of the prisoner, and asked him to come with me—ho said nothing—I took him 100 yards, to Tottenham Court Road, where a constable is stationed, who I called, and who took the prisoner back to the shop, and Giles said "That is he"—we went to the station, and the inspector ordered Giles to be charged at the same time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not make the least resistance, nor did you attempt to run away—I took you by the arm, and you said you had a bad leg and could hardly walk, but I did not notice that you walked lame.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-163" type="surname" value="TAPPING"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-163" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH TAPPING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 469). On 10th January I was on point duty at Tottenham Court Road and Oxford Street, and saw Mr. Glennister holding the prisoner and beckoning to me—I came across the road, and he said he wished to give the prisoner in custody for sending to his shop a bad half-crown—ho made no answer—I took him back to the shop, and found Giles detained there, who said "That is the boy who sent me to the shop"—the prisoner said "I don't know the boy"—a second policeman had followed me—we went to the station, where the prisoner and Giles were charged—neither of them made any answer—the Magistrate discharged Giles, and he was put in the witness box on the remand—I found a pawn-ticket on the prisoner, but no money—Mr. Glennister gave me this half-crown—Betterton Street runs into Drury Lane; it is 600 yards from Mr. Glennister's shop, which is 100 yards from Tottenham Court Road—I did not notice the prisoner was lame.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-164" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-164" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad coin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I am not the young man who sent Giles into the shop."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was coming from Covent Garden, where I am apprenticed, and met Edward Browning, who had just left his employ
<lb/>ment at Scott's Hotel, Haymarket; he gave me dinner at a coffee-shop, where we saw Giles, who said he was afraid to go home. Browning said he wanted to send his wife some stamps, and asked me to get them while he wrote the letter. He gave me half-a-crown and 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in coppers. Giles went with me, and I said to him "Will you go on first? you can run quicker than I can, as my leg is bad, and I will wait here for you, and gave him the money, and the gentleman came across and said "You come along with me;" I did so, and it was I who put my finger up and called the policeman across. I did not know the half-crown was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-277-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-277-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-277-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">He had been tried for a like offence in November, 1881, and acquitted.</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">See Vol. XCV. p.</hi> 11.)—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-277-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-277-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-277-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-277-18840128 t18840128-277-punishment-33"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-278">
<interp inst="t18840128-278" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-278" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-278-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-278-18840128 t18840128-278-offence-1 t18840128-278-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-278-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-278-18840128 t18840128-278-offence-1 t18840128-278-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-278-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-278-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18840128" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18840128" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18840128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JONES</hi> (39)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-278-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-278-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-278-18840128" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def2-278-18840128" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-278-18840128" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK JOHNSON</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-278-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-278-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-278-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Un
<lb/>lawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HICKS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280031"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-167" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-167" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR ATKINSON</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Hyams, who keeps the Builders' Arms, Dane Street, Islington—on the 10th January, between 7 and 8 p.m., Jones and a man who is not here came in together, and Jones called for a pint of ale and put down a coin—Morris, who served them, took it up and passed it to me—it was a bad shilling—I said "This is a bad shilling"—Jones said "We have taken it at a house close by, if you will let us take it back they will give us a good shilling for it"—it was bent a little, and I returned it to them, as I thought they were working men—I think it could have been straightened again—I rang it and there was no sound in it, it bent easily and it was smooth and gritty—the other man paid for the ale—about midnight the next night the two prisoners came into a different bar with the man who was there before—I saw the barman serve them, and saw Jones put down some
<lb/>thing, and the barman brought me a bad shilling and said in their hearing "These are the same men who were here last night"—I said "Why, you tried this game on last night"—Jones said "No, I have never been in the neighbourhood before"—the shilling was put on the counter, Jones snatched it up, the man not here threw down 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and out they all went—I followed them to the Britannia, they looked in but did not go in—they then went into Mrs. Jones's fried-fish shop—I went for a policeman but could not find one, and when I got back they were gone—I next saw them at the police-court with ten or twelve others, outside the cells, and picked them out—I am certain the prisoners are two of the three—the second shilling was smooth and I put it in my mouth and bent it easily.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Jones.</hi> I saw you come out of the fish shop, but lost light of you—the policeman did not point you out to me as you got out of the van.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Johnson.</hi> I saw you in the fish shop—I picked Jones out first from ten or twelve others, and you second—it is not true that only one man was put with you two.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-168" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-168" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA JONES</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps a fish shop in Dane Street, Islington—on the 12th January, about 12.15 a.m., the prisoners and another man came in—the one not here called for fish and potatoes for three, and put down a shilling—they called my attention to the quality of the fish, and said that it was cold—I kept the shilling in my hand—it was smooth—I then put it to my teeth and found it was soft—I said "The shilling is bad"—the third man said "How do you know it is bad?"—I said "It wants no explanation, it is a bad one"—I had put 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change on the counter, and he took it up—I said "I am only a poor woman and cannot afford to lose it"—he gave me the 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. back and I gave him the shilling—he said that he would take it to the publican where he took it—they did not touch the fish, they only peppered and salted it—Mr. Atkinson then came in and said something to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-169" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-169" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-169" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE TURNER</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Hanbury Arms, Arlington Square, New North Road—on 11th January, about 12.20 a.m., shortly before the house closed, the prisoners came in, and I served Jones with a pint of ale—he put down this shilling (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I bent it in the tester and passed it to Mrs. Dalrymple, she handed it to Mr. Dalrymple, and they rushed out and he after them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-170" type="surname" value="DALRYMPLE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-170" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DALRYMPLE</persName> </hi>. I keep the Hanbury Arms—I saw the prisoners and another man there on a Friday, about 12.20—Jones called for a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280032"/>
<p>pint of ale and tendered a coin, which the barmaid passed to my wife, who passed it to me, and I said that it was bad—the third one left as soon as the barmaid detected the coin, and as I raised the counter the prisoners ran out—I went to the door, a constable came up, but they had eighty or a hundred yards start of him—ho brought them back and I gave them in custody with the shilling.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-171" type="surname" value="POTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-171" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN POTTER</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 161). Mr. Dalrymple called me after 12 o'clock on 11th January, and I saw two men running away—I ran after them, caught Johnson, and handed him over to a person in the street, and then pursued Jones "for 300 or 400 yards, caught him without losing sight of him, and said "What did you run away for?" he did not answer—I said "I shall take you back to the Hanbury Arms, where you will be charged with uttering bad money;" he said "It is not much of a charge, only one piece"—I took him back, searched him, but found nothing—I searched Johnson at the station, and found six sixpences and 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze—Mr. Dalrymple handed me a bad shilling—I had seen the prisoners and another man enter and leave the Hanbury Arms about midnight of the 10th or the morning of the 11th—they had not been in there long on the Friday night when the third man came out and walked away, and then the prisoners rushed out and ran away—Jones was placed with 8 or 10 others at the station on the 16th, and Mr. Atkinson identified him, and he identified Johnson in Count—on the first occasion the prisoners were remanded to the 16th while I made inquiries—the Hanbury Arms is 300 yards from Mr. Atkinson's and the fish shop—it would take about two minutes to get from one public-house to the other.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Jones.</hi> I did not point you out as you got out of the van; there was only one other man in the van with you—the men you were put with were fetched out of the street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-172" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-172" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Assistant Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this shilling is bad—I have heard Louisa Jones's description of the feel of the coin she took, and that her teeth went into it—those are signs of it being bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Jones's Defence.</hi> I acknowledge the shilling, but the other witnesses never saw me in their lives, it is very hard to have false witnesses brought to make the case worse.</p>
<rs id="t18840128-278-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-278-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-278-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">on the First and Fifth Counts.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic"> Both prisoners had been con
<lb/>victed in</hi> 1867
<hi rend="italic">of a like offence, and sentenced to seven years' penal servitude, but owing to the time which had elapsed they were not charged with the previous convictions.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-278-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-278-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-278-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-278-18840128 t18840128-278-punishment-34"/>Two Years' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-278-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-278-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-278-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-278-18840128 t18840128-278-punishment-35"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">recommended the officer Potter to the notice of his superiors in consequence of his admirable conduct.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-279">
<interp inst="t18840128-279" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-279" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-279-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-279-18840128 t18840128-279-offence-1 t18840128-279-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-279-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-279-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18840128" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18840128" type="surname" value="FREDERICKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18840128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN FREDERICKS</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-279-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-279-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-279-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18840128-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-174" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-174" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-279-offence-1 t18840128-name-174"/>Jane Campbell</persName> and stealing a carriage-clock and other articles, her property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GHOSH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-175" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-175" type="surname" value="IMEELL"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-175" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA IMEELL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Imeell, of 1, John Street, Portland Town—in December last I was engaged as nurse to Mrs. Campbell, of 39, Grove Road, St. John's Wood, who was ill at that time, and I slept in the same bed with her—on Thursday morning, 26th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280033"/>
<p>December, she awoke me about 2.30, and I saw the prisoner hanging over the foot of the bedstead—she said "Get out my room; how dare you here, Sir?"—he went out quickly—there was gas alight in the room—I went downstairs after him and saw him go out at the side door—I did not see his face again, but I know it was the prisoner; I did not lose sight of him—I then woke the servant up who slept in a room opposite the door which was found open—I went to the dining-room with her and missed a carriage-clock, which I had seen the previous evening before the doctor left—I then went back to my mistress.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I only knew him by seeing him there that evening; if he has been acquainted with Mrs. Campbell for nine years that has nothing to do with me—I do not know that he was there on that night as a friend of the family enjoying himself—I passed through the room on Christmas night and saw him sitting there, and nobody there but a servant—I didn't inquire what he was doing—when I saw him in Mrs. Campbell's room I recognised him as the man I had seen sitting down—Mrs. Campbell is not here; I have not seen her to-day—I saw her yesterday; she was not in bed then; she was better, she is convalescent—I am not aware that the house is a brothel; I never saw anything wrong to com
<lb/>pute it as such, and never heard anything of the kind—they are perfect strangers to me—the servant omitted to bolt the side door that night—I never heard that the prisoner is a hair dresser and had been in the habit of dressing Mrs. Campbell's hair—you must ask the doctor what is the matter with Mrs. Campbell; she was not suffering from excessive drunkenness that I know of; you must ask the servant—I did not go to nurse her after a drunken bout—I heard that sometimes she takes a little—die takes a glass of brandy and water, but I never saw her in a state of drunkenness—she has been able to come downstairs for about a fort
<lb/>night—the household consisted of Mrs. Campbell, Mary Ann Taylor, and myself—I do not know that Mrs. Campbell was sometimes known at 39, Grove-end Road as Miss Clarke; that might be her maiden name—I never saw a Miss Campbell—I never saw any person of the male sex about the place except the doctor—these letters (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are all in one writing—I cannot say that they are Mrs. Campbell's—I cannot say whether this envelope "F. Fredericks, Esq., 33, Cochrane Street, St. John's Wood," is her writing; or this this envelope "Mr. Fredericks; im
<lb/>mediate"—I don't know either of them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I don't know whether the servant usually locked the front door; I never slept there before that night; that was the first day of my engagement—I had been to and fro, and she was so poorly she asked me to stop all night—I have repeatedly seen Mrs. Campbell writing, but I have never seen what she has written.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-176" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-176" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEONARD</persName> </hi>. On the morning of 28th December I went with Sergeant Lawless to 33, Cochrane Street, St. John's Wood, and saw the prisoner there—that is about five or seven minutes walk from Grove-end Road—I said "You have been to 39, Grove-end Road this week"—after thinking a few minutes he said "Yes; I was there on Wednesday even
<lb/>ing about 7 o'clock"—I said "We are both police-officers; are you sure you were not there any other time?"—he said "No; I was not"—I said "A clock and some forks and spoons have been missed from 39, Grove-end Road, and you will be charged with it"—he said "I am surprised at Mrs. Campbell charging me with that; it won't do her any</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280034"/>
<p>good"—I took him to the station and he was charged—he said nothing—I searched him, and found a pair of curling tongs and 23 pawn-tickets, not relating to this charge, which were given up to him—I found two of the tickets there—33, Cochrane Street, is let out in apartments, and he lived in one room there—I have been to Mrs. Campbells house; it is re
<lb/>spectable as far as I know.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I made inquiries there with Sergeant Lawless—I have not been in the neighbourhood—she has not been in the place long, and there is only one house adjoining—the prisoner told me he was a hairdresser to prostitutes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-177" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-177" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-177" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am in Mrs. Campbell's service—the doctor came to see her on 26th December, and it was about 11.30 p.m. when he left by the front entrance—I opened the garden gate, and came back through the garden and entered the house by the front door—I generally sit in the kitchen—there is a back door, side door, and a front entrance—the back door comes round through the garden, and the side doors is where tradespeople come to—it was my duty to shut and lock the doors at night—I locked every door that night but the side door—the child was very troublesome, and I omitted to bolt the side door—I fastened the garden gate after the doctor came in—the nurse awoke me about 2 a.m., and I went into the dining-room and saw the plate-basket empty on a chair by the side of the couch, removed from the recess—I went to see what o'clock it was by the carriage clock on the mantelpiece, and it was gone—every door was fast except the one which I had omitted to bolt; that was wide open when the nurse called me—it could be opened from the outside by turning the handle—I did not see the prisoner, but I saw him on Christmas night, when he came with a bottle of toilet vinegar, which I paid him two shillings for, and showed him into the dining-room; he sat down and remained ten minutes or a quarter of an hour—I was in the dining-room with him; the nurse came in while he was there—my mis
<lb/>tress was was upstairs in bed, and he did not see her that night—he had seen her a week before, when I opened the door to him and asked him his name before I admitted him, as he was a stranger to me; it was Fredericks—I have known Mrs. Campbell fourteen years, but had not seen her for eight years—I have been in her service four months—the prisoner stopped in the dining-room about an hour—I was in and out of the room all the time he was there—Mrs. Campbell was very ill with dropsy, diabetes, and bronchitis—she was upstairs all Christmas Day and Boxing Day—I sleep on the ground floor—it would be possible for anybody to come in at the side door without disturbing me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There is no Mr. Campbell, and there never was—I have known her 14 years; there is no Mr. Clarke—my mistress is not equal to coming out—she has had a subpoena to come here on behalf of the prisoner—the dropsy, diabetes, and bronchitis have not been brought on by excessive indulgence in stimulants—she never took too much to my knowledge—she may take stimulants if the doctor orders them—the prisoner was with Mrs. Campbell a week before Christmas—he was not dressing her hair and making her smart; he was speaking to her—she says that he has known her eight or nine years—I don't know her writing in many instances, because she can write two or three different hands—when she was ill it was not the same writing as when she was all right—this envelope "Mr. Fredericks, 33, Cochrane Street; im
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280035"/>
<p>is something like her writing; the other, "J. Fredericks, Esq., 33, Cochrane Street," is not in her writing—she sometimes signs "J. Clarke; "that is one of her names—she was baptized "Jane Campbell"—Clarke was her husband's name, but she has had no other names—I never saw her husband; I understand he is dead—she has not had a good many husbands during the time I have known her, nor somebody who does as well—no men visited her house while I was there except her agent, Mr. Carter, a solicitor, and the gardener—Mr. Carter is not the man who finds the cash to keep this place and the grounds; it is her property—the doctor also came there, and Mr. Leonard, the detective—I understood that she had a house in Liverpool—I was in Scotland before I went to her—the prisoner was not in the habit of dressing her hair—she told me that it was four years since she had seen him till the week before Christmas—she was not in the habit of having her hair dressed; I do it when she has the rheumatics—she was in bed ill when I came away to-day—this letter is in her writing; it is from her to the prisoner, and is marked "Immediate."—(
<hi rend="italic">This was dated April 17, 6, Blandford Street, Liver
<lb/>pool, and stated:</hi> "If the young lady is still in the mind for coming I will at once forward you the money.") I do not know that 6, Blandford Street, Liverpool, is a brothel, and that the prisoner was to send a young lady there—Mrs. Clarke is not a common prostitute.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The little child is the adopted child of one of her servants—I took her to sleep with me on account of Mrs. Campbell being ill.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-178" type="surname" value="BELGRAVE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-178" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BELGRAVE</persName> </hi>. I am a managing clerk to Mr. Holroyd, a soli
<lb/>citor, of Finsbury Pavement—I am conducting this defence—I personally served on the prosecutrix a Crown Office subpoena to attend this trial.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-179" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-179" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-179" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE CAMPBELL</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">being called on her subpoena, did not appear.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18840128-279-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-279-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-279-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, January</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1884.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-280">
<interp inst="t18840128-280" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-280" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-280-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-280-18840128 t18840128-280-offence-1 t18840128-280-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-280-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-280-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18840128" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18840128" type="surname" value="TODD"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18840128" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY TODD</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-280-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-280-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-280-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18840128-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-181" type="surname" value="MERRITT"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-181" type="given" value="THOMAS JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-280-offence-1 t18840128-name-181"/>Thomas John Merritt</persName>, with intent to murder.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.
<hi rend="italic">Third Count</hi>, with intent to resist and prevent his lawful apprehension.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to the Third Count.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BLACKWELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-182" type="surname" value="SLOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-182" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SLOPER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 95). On Saturday, 12th January, at 9 at night, I was on duty at Kilburn market place—I saw the prisoner there making a great noise and disturbance, and making use of very bad language to the annoyance of the public—he was not quarrelling with anybody—there was nobody with him—I requested him to go away—he refused; he said he should not go for me—I requested him again to go away, and I had no sooner done so than he drew a knife from his pocket and made a running jump at me, and said "I will do for you," and he struck the edge of my helmet with the knife—I had not touched him—I could not say for certain whether the knife was open or shut when he drew it from his pocket—the blow out the ridge of my helmet and knocked</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280036"/>
<p>it off, and it glided from the helmet into the breast of my greatcoat and through my greatcoat and under coat, not quite through my tunic, just to the lining; constable Merritt came up to my assistance, and the prisoner stabbed Merritt twice in the arm—I did not see him do that—Merritt caught him by the neck and threw him and I went down as well—I and the prisoner were down; Merritt was not exactly on the ground; he was over him, holding him—I never saw anything that the prisoner did to Merritt—I saw the knife in the prisoner's hand while he was on the ground—when we got up he was taken to the station by me and Merritt and some private individuals—he was very violent all the way to the station; we had to carry him face downwards.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We gave him what is called "the frog's march"—I was alone when I first spoke to the prisoner—he had had a little drink; he was not so drunk but that he knew what he was about—he was a little bit fresh; I can't say whether he was drunk or not—I believe I have said before to-day that the prisoner said "I will do for you"—I believe I said so before the Magistrate—I heard my deposition read over; I believe I heard those words read over—I did not see the prisoner strike Merritt—I said before the Magistrate that the prisoner deliberately struck him twice on the left arm with this knife—I said so because directly Merritt came up he said that he had been struck twice in the arm—I have been 17 years in the force—I have been told that I must not give as evidence what somebody else has told me—I did not push the prisoner when I went up to him; I never put a hand upon him—I believe he opened the knife when he took it from his pocket.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The knife was handed to me by Beasley—it was a similar knife to this.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-183" type="surname" value="MERRITT"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-183" type="given" value="MORRIS JOHN"/>MORRIS JOHN MERRITT</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 586). On this Saturday night I went to assist sloper—I saw the prisoner stab him through his police clothes in the left breast—I ran to his assistance, caught him by the throat, and threw him on his back—a great struggle took place, in which Sloper recovered from his fall—I had great difficulty in getting the knife from the prisoner—he stabbed me twice through the left arm with this knife before I took him by the throat; I saw it in his hand—he said "There's another b——I will settle you"—I then put my left arm on the prisoner's right arm that the knife was in, and the witness Beasley put his foot on the prisoner's arm and took the knife from his hand—before that the prisoner had attempted to stab me in the left ribs, which penetrated through my clothes—he was lying on his back at the time—both stabs were on the left arm, close together—the clothes are here that I had on; the doctor has seen them—we took the prisoner to the station with the assistance of two private individuals.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was walking past, about sixteen yards from the spot—I was in front of Sloper and behind the prisoner, almost opposite them—Sloper did not see me coming up—I did not seize the prisoner till after he had stabbed me—he turned round and saw me coming up and made use of that foul expression—I was then close to him and rushed in at him—I don't think Sloper could have seen the blows that were struck at me; he was lying on the ground at the time—Sloper went down before the prisoner; he went down when the prisoner struck him with the knife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-184" type="surname" value="BEASLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-184" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BEASLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a pork butcher at Kilburn Market-place—on Saturday night, 12th January, about 9 o'clock, I was standing outside</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280037"/>
<p>the shop, and saw the prisoner there and Sloper speaking to him—the prisoner was standing in the market-place; I did not see him doing anything—I could not hear what Sloper was saying to him—he was walking backwards, and Sloper was following him up—I saw the prisoner pull off his own hat and fling it up in the air, and make a jump at Sloper and strike him—he had a knife in his hand—he struck him on the helmet—the blow cut the helmet, which fell off—I then saw them close and fall to the ground—I ran up—I saw Merritt come up—I saw the prisoner's arm flinging backwards and forwards as he was lying on his back—he had this knife in his hand—I put my foot on his arm and took the knife out of his hand—I saw blood on it—I put it in my pocket, and afterwards gave it to Sloper—I saw the prisoner taken to the station by the two constables.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Sloper closed with the prisoner and threw him down—they all fell down together—when the prisoner was on his back he was flinging his arm backwards and forwards with the knife in it; he appeared to be striking the policeman—I saw Merritt come up; Sloper had not thrown the prisoner then—they all went down together.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-185" type="surname" value="BRADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-185" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BRADLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a railway porter living at Kilburn—on Saturday night, 12th January, I was in Kilburn Market-place, and saw the prisoner struggling with Sloper on the ground together—that was the first I saw of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-186" type="surname" value="MULLER"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-186" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MULLER</persName> </hi>. I am divisional surgeon of the police, and live at Kilburn—I was called to the station about half-past 9 o'clock on Satur
<lb/>day night, 12th January—I there saw Merritt—I found on him two wounds; the first was about two inches under the left shoulder, two inches in length and two inches deep; the probe touched the bone—the second wound was an inch lower down, about half an inch in length and two in depth—I probed them both down to the bone—next day, on examining them, I found that the probe had passed entirely through both wounds—the incisions had been carried entirely right through the arm—those wounds were about 4 or 4 1/2 inches in length—this knife would produce saw wounds—I saw the clothes which Merritt was wearing, and found cuts entirely corresponding with the wounds—Merritt is still on the sick list.</p>
<rs id="t18840128-280-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-280-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-280-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on Second Count**</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18840128-280-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-280-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-280-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-280-18840128 t18840128-280-punishment-36"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18840128-281">
<interp inst="t18840128-281" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18840128"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-281" type="date" value="18840128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18840128-281-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-281-18840128 t18840128-281-offence-1 t18840128-281-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-281-18840128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-281-18840128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18840128" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18840128" type="surname" value="BRICE"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18840128" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES BRICE</hi> (53)</persName>
<rs id="t18840128-281-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18840128-281-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-281-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t18840128-name-188" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-188" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-188" type="surname" value="BRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-188" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18840128-281-offence-1 t18840128-name-188"/>Elizabeth Brice</persName>, with intent to murder.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-189" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-189" type="surname" value="BRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-189" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BRICE</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife—I was married on March 9th, 1857—I lived with him up to some time last year—he was very spiteful to me—we were always quarrelling and fulling out; I don't. know what about; it was money affairs in general—we were both sober, I think; I am quite sure of it—in September last I took out a summons against him and gave evidence against him at the police-court, and he was sent to prison—he was ordered to find a surety to keep the peace, he could not find one, and went to prison instead—at that tune we were living at 91, Regency Street, Westminister—he is a cordwainer by trade—I work in the Army and Navy Clothing Factory, and have done so for 20 years—I continued to live in Regency Street while he was in prison, until the landlord put in a distress—I don't know whether the things</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280038"/>
<p>were sold; I left them there and went away—I made no inquiries about the goods afterwards—they were distrained for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>—they were not worth much—I don't think they were worth 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>—I made no inquiries as to what had become of them—my husband had always been upbraiding me about the home—I went to Hugh Place after that—I am not living there now, I am an in-patient of St. Thomas's Hospital—I saw my husband after he had been in prison, I don't exactly know when—I saw him one dinner time when I was going to my dinner—I have no recollection when it was; perhaps it was a week or a fortnight before this occurrence—I met him quite accidentally, in Cornwall Street; he wanted me to go back and five with him, and said if I did not he was going out of his mind, and would be put in an asylum—I could not promise him to do so, there was no home to go to—he walked round the street with me, and he went into the Builders' Arms and paid for two pennyworth of whisky for me; we had two two-pennyworths—he wished me to stay out that after
<lb/>noon—I did not; I told him it would not pay me to stay out, I had my living to get—I went back to my work—I saw him again a day or two afterwards by accident—I always meet him by accident—he repeated that he wanted me to go back and live with him, and I told him I could not unless he provided a home—upon the evening before I was shot he came to where I was lodging—I had not told him where I was lodging, someone must have done so—it was at No. 5, Shepherd's Place—he had some supper with me that evening—he seemed very excited—he wanted me to go back and live with him again—I told him I could not unless he provided the home—he left, and I walked over Vauxhall Bridge with him—we had some drink together at a public-house, and he left me there—there was not many angry words, we parted without saying any
<lb/>thing—I didn't make any arrangement to meet or see him again—the next night, Thursday, the 20th December, between a quarter and half-past 6 o'clock, I met him on Vauxhall Bridge as I was returning from my work—I said "Halloa! what brings you this side again to-night?"—that was the Surrey side, where I was living—he said he had been over there all day, he hadn't any work to do—he walked on a few steps in front, of me in the same direction I was going, towards home, and then he turned round and fired at me—I didn't see him present anything at me, but I saw the flash and heard the report—I felt a blow at the back of my neck, and I staggered and fell on the pavement—I remem
<lb/>bered nothing else till I got to the hospital—he was within a step or two of me when he fired; he was very close to me—he had not said anything to me before he fired but what I have stated—I had never seen any revolver in his possession before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I have received rent from the lodgers many times—I didn't always tell you I had it—if I were to say I had no drink I should tell a falsehood—I didn't as a rule take more than was good for me; sometimes I did; if I had one drop it made me silly—I did not to my knowledge come home on a Saturday evening between 1 and 2 o'clock drunk—I have come home and have not had the chance to come in; I have been shut out in the street—I was outside speaking to a gentleman one night, because I could not get in—I was speaking to one of the policemen on duty; I was not talking to any other man while you was at home—I have seen a man named Bill Gimm—I have no recollection of falling down outside the Britannia</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188401280039"/>
<p>and being carried home by Gimm about 12 o'clock on Saturday night; it may have happened; I think not—Gimm did not bring me home drunk, I swear it—I don't wish to speak against you—I may have come home drunk—I don't recollect this happening a fortnight before I took out the summons against you—the landlord of the Telegraph has politely handed me out of the public-house when I have gone in to you to get some money—I have been turned out of the Telegraph; you asked the landlord to have me turned out; I was not drunk there—the Telegraph is in Regency Street, not far from where I was living—I have been turned out two or three times from the house by the potman and the landlord—I have not been turned out of the British Stores; I have walked out; I was told to go out because I went in there to ask you for some money; that was only once—the landlord said he would not have me there upsetting the customers—I have fallen on my back outside the Telegraph—I have come over giddy momentarily and fallen, when perhaps I have taken nothing—tobacco blown in my face would make me giddy—I have not fallen from being tipsy unless I have been hit down—I have been hit down many times by you—I have not received the rent and spent it; I have sometimes had a few shillings of the rent when I could not earn it, and when you would not give me any money and I had to starve—you have said that if I would come back you was willing to make up a home, and I said I would go if you could get a home provided and would keep me from going to work, but I would never go back and live with you and turn out to work, because while I am at work you 'would be playing—I have not become acquainted with any other man, I have had quite enough of you—I never told you I had one of the Foot Guards who would make two such men as you—you told me that I was with a soldier at the Standard; that was not true; at the same time I do love soldiers and sailors, because I get my living by them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I am at the Army and Navy Clothing Stores I have to be in by 9 o'clock in the winter and 8.30 in the summer; and I leave at 6 o'clock—I earn from 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week on an average; some weeks less some weeks more; that has been so for the last 20 years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-190" type="surname" value="GIBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-190" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN GIBBS</persName> </hi>. I am a mechanic in the building trade—on the evening of the 20th December, about 6.15, I was crossing Vauxhall Bridge towards the Surrey side; when about the middle of the bridge I heard a small report; I looked round and saw the prisoner and the woman in the road on the right side—they were about an arm's length from each other—his arm was extended towards the female—I then saw a flash and heard a very loud report—the woman reeled and staggered to the side I was standing on; she squatted herself down on the verb and buried her face in her hands—the prisoner walked round her and kept firing—I fancy he fired five times in all; three times while she was sitting down I think, but I am sure two—he was as close to her as he could possibly get—I saw something in his hand pointed towards her—a van was coming by and I ran and got a policeman and came back with him to the spot—the prisoner was taken to the station, and while he was going along he said "I suppose I shall be hung."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-191" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-191" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HAYNES</persName> </hi>. I am a carman—I was passing over Vauxhall Bridge on the night of 20th December about a quarter past 6 with my cart—I saw the prisoner and the woman; he laid hold of her arm and shot her—I heard three shots—he was as close to her as he could possibly get—I</p>
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<p>saw a revolver in his hand—the woman reeled on to the other side of the pathway and sat down—I said to the prisoner "Hold hard, old man"—he said "You stand back; you know nothing about it; she has brought all this trouble on my mind"—after he said that he fired twice at her; then he put it up to his own ear and pulled the trigger, but it did not go off—I heard the click of the hammer two or three times—I laid hold of him and took this revolver from him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-192" type="surname" value="DOUGAL"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-192" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DOUGAL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B</hi> 476). From information I received I went to the middle of Vauxhall Bridge—I saw the prosecutrix sitting down on the kerb bleeding from the left side of the head—the prisoner was detained by the last witness, who handed me this revolver—I assisted the woman into a cab; she seemed in a kind of unconsoious condition—I went up to the prisoner and said "Did you shoot that woman?"—he replied "I did; she has caused me a lot of trouble, taken to drink, and sold up my home; I also fired at myself, and wish the shot had taken, effect, as I am tired of my life"—I took him to the station, searched him, and found 34 loaded cartridges in the breast pocket of his overcoat; they would all fit that revolver—he seemed quite sober—I gave the revolver to the inspector.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-193" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-193" type="surname" value="JEFFCOAT"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-193" type="given" value="WILLAIM"/>WILLAIM JEFFCOAT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector B</hi>). I was at the station when the prisoner was brought in—I took the charge against him—I do not pro
<lb/>duce the charge sheet—he said "I wish the bullet was in my skull; I prefer death before living; I have been taking sleeping draughts for some time"—I examined the revolver; there were six chambers all re
<lb/>cently discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-194" type="surname" value="JOHNSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-194" type="given" value="GEORGE DAVOD"/>GEORGE DAVOD JOHNSTONE</persName> </hi>. I am house surgeon at St. Thomas's Hos
<lb/>pital—I saw Mrs. Brice on the evening of the 20th December, between half-past 6 and 7—I found a wound about two inches above the left ear about three-quarters of an inch in diameter, going down to the bone, and the sinus running up from the bottom of the wound, upwards and forwards, for about two inches and a half under the scalp—at the side of the sinus I found this bullet which I produce, it is similar to these in the cartridges—there was a graze on the back of her neck that might have been caused by a bullet or by a scratch of a nail—there was a mark of powder smoke about the angle of the mouth on the left side—there was no powder actually on the skin, it was simply a black mark of smoke; that might have been caused by the explosion of a pistol near her—she is still an in-patient—she has has not been in immediate danger—she has been kept some little time longer than usual because she is going to a convalescent home, as she has no home of her own—the danger was erysipelas setting in or some serious brain mischief—there was bare brain at the bottom of the wound.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-195" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-195" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PEARCE</persName> </hi>. I am divisional surgeon and live at St. George's Square—I examined the prisoner on the evening of the 20th about 9 o'clock—he seemed in a nervous excitable state—he said that he had met his wife and wished to make it up, that he said "Liz, come, give us a kiss," and she replied "I will have none of that," and he said it should be either the gailows or a comfortable home—he told me that he had fired three shots at her and he had saved two for himself—he directed my attention to his ear—I found an old cicatrix from a scratch, that was all—he seemed to be suffering from the effects of drink—there was a tremulous motion about his bauds, I didn't perceive any smell of liquor—he was very much depressed and in tears for a short time.</p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-196" type="surname" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-196" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DANIEL</persName> </hi>. I keep a fish shop at 89, Regency Street, Westminster—I have known the prisoner and his wife for some years, they lived next door to me—from what I have seen for the last five years, the conduct of the prisoner to his wife has been very good; I have never seen him ill-use her in any way—I have always known him to be a very hard-working man who studied his home—I have seen the wife out as late as 2 o'clock in the morning, and she would not come inside for her husband; many times he has asked her to come in—the last time was about September, about a month before he was sentenced for six months—I have seen her the worse for drink—during the five years I couldn't say that I have seen him the worse for drink five times.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen you very little given to drink—I have repeatedly seen your wife brought home drunk in the afternoon and a mob of people round the door—I brought her home one Saturday after
<lb/>noon about 4 o'clock—I had to bring her from the Telegraph; she fell down once, and the people were crying "Shame on her;" in fact all the people where she works dislike her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I can say this, I have been suffering from my head a great deal ever since she put me away to prison for six months, and I scarcely know what I am saying or doing half my time. When I was in Clerkenwell I was in the shoemakers' shop, and was going to cut my throat, when the master shoemaker came and prevented me. After I had been in Clerkenwell and was bailed out I went to St. Thomas's Hospital and complained about my head to one of the doctors there. I had two bottles of medicine, one of quinine, and one of cod liver oil. The doctor said I was very low and weak, and was to live as well as I possibly could. After that I went to Westminster Hospital, and had medicine there; and I went to Dr. Sylvester and paid him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for a bottle of stuff, and to Dr. Fenton and paid him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for a bottle of stuff; and to Dr. Suntler, of Regency Street. I visited him for medicine. Nothing seemed to do me good; I was like deranged in my mind alto
<lb/>gether. I did not know what I was doing. At Clerkenwell I had medi
<lb/>cine two or three times a day from the doctor for my head. I seem pretty well in the daytime, but it is when I go to bed; I have not six hours' sleep in the week."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner.</hi> I should like to call my doctor from Clerkenwell.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18840128-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18840128-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-197" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18840128-name-197" type="given" value="PHILIP FRANCIS"/>PHILIP FRANCIS GILBERT</persName> </hi>. I am surgeon of Her Majesty's Gaol, Clerkenwell—the prisoner has had medicine two or three times a day for his head; he has taken it on and off ever since he has been in prison—he has had sleeping draughts—I can't say whether he has lost weight; I have not noticed it—he has complained of not being able to sleep and restlessness at night—I had him watched, and found it was so—I saw nothing particularly wrong with him—I saw no symptoms to show that he did not know what he was about—I had no reason to suppose that he was not perfectly sane—there was nothing to enable me to form a con
<lb/>clusion as to what had brought about the sleeplessuess, except the worry of having this trial on his mind; I know of no other reason—I saw no trace of drink about him—he was nervous and depressed when he came in—that might arise from drink—there was nothing like
<hi rend="italic">delirium tremens</hi> about him, nor any trace of habitual drink.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I have been married to my wife a good many years, and the last few years I have had a great many troubles through her</p>
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<p>drink. This has been the cause of my home being upset, and the cause of my mind being as it is; it is nothing at all but worry of mind has caused my brain to be affected like this; in fact, I would rather be dead than alive, for my life is no pleasure to me. I can do very well in the daytime, but I cannot sleep at all at night; last night I never slept one minute, I had no draughts or anything last night. I am very sorry to think what has happened, but it cannot be helped. I didn't intend to kill her, only to frighten her.</p>