<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McARTHUR, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denote that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—on obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, August</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-670-18810802" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-670-18810802" type="surname" value="BOLLON"/>
<interp inst="def1-670-18810802" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD BOLLON</hi> (48)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-670-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-670-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-670-18810802" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def2-670-18810802" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-670-18810802" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JOHNSON</hi> (48)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-670-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-670-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-670-18810802" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def3-670-18810802" type="surname" value="WALLER"/>
<interp inst="def3-670-18810802" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WALLER</hi> (37)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18810802-670-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-670-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-670-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> unlawfully obtaining moneys by means of false pretences; also for conspiracy. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>and
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALLER</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-670-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-670-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-670-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-670-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-670-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-670-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-670-18810802 t18810802-670-punishment-1"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BOURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Bollon.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-4" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-4" type="surname" value="REITZ"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-4" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES REITZ</persName> </hi>. I am a baker, of 183, Mare Street, Hackney—on 26th July, 1879, Waller was a customer of mine; he owed me 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for goods—he brought me this cheque for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. drawn on. the Central Bank by G. Mills, he endorsed it in my presence; he asked me to deduct the amount of my account, and give him the balance; I did so—I paid away the cheque, and it was returned dishonoured.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-5" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-5" type="surname" value="MAYHEW"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-5" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MAYHEW</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor, of 250, Mare Street, Hackney—on 19th February Bollon called and ordered a suit of clothes to the amount of 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; he gave me as his address 56, Darnley Road, Hackney, and said he would pay cash on delivery—on 6th March he called on me with this cheque for 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the Central Bank of London, asked me how much the amount for his clothes was, and asked me to give him the difference, making it up to 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I gave him 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and when the cheque was cleared at the bank I was to give him the balance, 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he asked me to send the clothes to his address that evening; I did so, and they were sent back, as there was nobody there to receive them—the cheque was endorsed "William Brown," and signed "E. Bollon;" it was afterwards returned, marked "No account"—on the following Tues
<lb/>day, just after I had received the cheque back, he called in; I asked him what he meant by giving me a fictitious cheque, and who Brown was, and he said "Mr. Brown is a nurseryman at Lower Edmonton," and that he would go and see him, and get the money to pay me; ne said he had received the cheque from Mr. Brown—I saw no more of the</p>
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<p>prisoner till 12th April, when I gave him into custody—at the time I gave him the change out of the cheque and when I sent the clothes I believed it was a genuine cheque.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had not known him before—I should not lend a customer 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. because he ordered 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of clothes from me—I should not have advanced him more—I had considerable doubts about the cheque, but I thought it was all right—I won't swear he mentioned the name of Brown first—my shop closes on Saturday nights at 11 or 12, on other nights 9 or 9.30—I am nearly always there; if I am not, my man, George Wilkinson, is—I did not see him again till 12th April; he was going to give me into custody for an assault, he asked a constable to take me into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-6" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-6" type="surname" value="WINGFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-6" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WINGFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am the manager to Charles Miller, who trades as the North London Railway Coal Company at 87, Amhurst Road, Hackney—I know Bollon—on 11th February he called and gave me an order for a ton of coals to be sent that same day to 56, Darnley Road; he was to pay in a month—the coals were delivered on 23rd March—he called upon me again and brought me this cheque, drawn by James Armstrong for 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., payable to H. Allen, and dated 27th March, to pay for the ton of coal, which came to 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; he said he was in a great hurry, and would I give him 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and he would call for the balance in a few days—I asked him if he knew the drawer of the cheque, and he said "Yes, a respectable person"—I gave the cheque to my employer; it went through the bank, and was returned—the prisoner never called again—I wrote to him on the subject, and left the letter myself at the address, with a young person; I got no answer—he had said he had leased the house for seven years.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave the cheque to Mr. Miller; he passed it through his bank, and I never heard anything more about the coals—he did not ask for the full change, only for 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I had no doubt in my own mind but what it might be good—I did not hear the name of John
<lb/>son mentioned.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-7" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-7" type="surname" value="MCKAY"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-7" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MCKAY</persName> </hi>. I keep Dick's Coffee-house, 8, Fleet Street—I had known the prisoner Bollon for some months before 8th March, and on that day he brought me this cheque on the Central Bank of London, dated March 30, 1881, payable R. J. James or order, 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., purporting to be drawn by James Wilson, and endorsed "Ed. James;" he said he had got it from Johnson, who was a respectable grocer and a good man, and for whom he had been working—I declined to cash it, and he said he had to go out of town, and would I give him a few shillings on it; I gave him 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and he said he would call again in a few days for the balance—I gave the cheque to my butcher, and it was returned marked "No account"—Bollon called before I had received the cheque back; he asked me if I had received the money—I saw him again after the cheque had been returned, and I showed him the cheque marked "No account"—he said "I will go to Johnson and get the money and pay you back;" he said he had to meet Mr. Johnson at the Court—I never saw him afterwards; before that time he was frequently at my house—I kept the cheque—I never got my money back.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When he came in before I had got the cheque back and asked me if I had got the money, it was a day or two after he first came; I had passed it away to Mr. Geary in payment for an account—when</p>
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<p>he came to me on the first occasion I declined to cash the cheque because I do not believe in cashing cheques for any one—I should not have lent him the 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. if it had not been for that cheque—I lent him money before on one occasion—I did not have a cheque on that occasion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-8" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-8" type="surname" value="BRODIE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-8" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BRODIE</persName> </hi>. I lived at Canada Yard, Bow Lane, until 1878, and am a timber merchant—I formerly banked at the Central Bank, Cornhill—I had a book with a number of unused cheques in my office—I have known Waller for three years—I never authorised him or anybody to draw cheques on forms out of my book; I did not know he had done so until lately—the book was in a box, and I found some cheques missing from it—he was in the habit of coming to my office frequently—I did not know the cheques were missing until my attention was called to it at the police-court—these cheques are out of my book—I never gave them to anybody, or authorised them to use them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-9" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-9" type="surname" value="JAMIESON"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-9" type="given" value="HUGH WILLIAM"/>HUGH WILLIAM JAMIESON</persName> </hi>. I am an accountant at the Central Bank of London, Cornhill, the chief office—this cheque purports to be drawn by G. Wills on July 25, 1879; at that time we had no customer under that name, nor any customer of the name of Rogers or Armstrong or James Wilson—all these cheques seem to have come out of Mr. Brodie's book—his account was closed in 1878.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-10" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-10" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND WOOD</persName> </hi>. I used to keep the Woodberry Hotel, Seven Sisters Road, Holloway—on March last Bollon called at my house; I had known him before—he tendered me this cheque for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., dated March 19,1881, on the London and Westminster Bank, signed James Armstrong, and asked me to change it for him—I said I had changed so many in the neighbourhood that I did not mean to change any more—he came again and asked me to lend him two sovereigns upon it—I asked him who the drawer was; he said, "A publican who keeps a large house in the Borough," and on the faith of that I told my man to advance him 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on it, and he said he would call on Tuesday night or Wednesday morning for the balance—at my request he wrote his own name at the back of the cheque and the name of the publican—I passed the cheque to Messrs. Wetherall and Green, in Chancery Lane, and received it back marked "No account"—I did not see the prisoner again till he was in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave him the two sovereigns believing that he had got the cheque from a publican, a friend of his—I would not have given them to him if the client had been a florist—I did not know the publican.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-11" type="surname" value="SAVAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-11" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED SAVAGE</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the London and Westminster Bank, Borough branch—in the month of March no person of the name of James Armstrong banked there—a book of forms was issued on 10th April, 1875, to a potato salesman, Wheeler, and his account was closed in 1877—I have seen the cheque produced, it is not in Wheeler's hand
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-12" type="surname" value="BAMBOROUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-12" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BAMBOROUGH</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, living at 47, Greenwood Road, Dalflton—in March last Bollon called upon me, I had known him before—he gave me this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), dated 4th February, 1881, for 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the London and Provincial Bank, Newington, drawn by H. Cartwright in favour of J. R. Johnson, and endorsed by J. R. Johnson and E. Bollon—he asked me for the change—I said, "I have not got it"—he left it with me, told me to pass it through my bank, and he would call again, and then he asked me to let him have a guinea upon it—I asked him</p>
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<p>who the drawer was—he said a client of his, a nurseryman and florist, named Cartwright—he owed me 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. at that time—I called at the bank that evening and showed them the cheque, and they marked it "No account"—the same evening Bollon called upon me; I said I had been to the bank and the cheque was not genuine—he said, "I will go to see Mr. Cartwright at once"—I did not see him again—some time afterwards I received this letter from him. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "House of Detention, 14th April. Dear Sir,—Will you kindly let me have the number of the private house next to the builder's in the Queen's Road, near you; it is opposite the Middleton Arms, kept by a man named Johnson. By doing this you will greatly assist me in bringing Johnson and Cartwright under my finger, and assist you in getting the money.") I don't know which house he referred to.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew him before as a customer—I can't be sure if it was Cartwright or Johnson he said he would call upon, or which one he said was a florist—when he called the same evening he asked me if I had the money for the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-13" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-13" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HUNT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 156). Bollon was given into my custody on 4th April by Mr. Mayhew—the prisoner wished to charge Mr. Mayhew with assault—I searched him and found on him a letter from Wingfield, dated 31st March—I put it on the table, and the prisoner snatched it from the table with the intention of putting it on the fire; the table was near the fire, and it tumbled into the fender; I picked it up—he gave 56, Darnley Road, as his address when he was charged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-14" type="surname" value="WOLVERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-14" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY WOLVERTON</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier in the London and Provincial Bank, Stoke Newington—during this year no person named H. Cartwright has had an account at our bank—I believe this cheque was from a book issued to a customer named Hunt in 1876, whose account has been closed two years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-15" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-15" type="surname" value="MACKENZIE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-15" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT MACKENZIE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant N</hi>). On 26th April Bollon made a statement to me at the Police-court, Worship Street—I made a memo
<lb/>randum of what he said—he said the cheque that he gave to Mr. M'Key he got from a man named Johnson, who lived at Edmonton—I said, "Where did you get the cheques you gave to Mr. Wood and Mr. Bamborough?"—he said, "I got them all from Johnson"—Bollon said that the leader of the cheque business was a man of the name of Waller, who was known by the names of Foster and Rogers—I have seen this letter written to Mr. Bamborough, it describes Waller's house—Bollon described Johnson to me—he was arrested on the 28th; Waller on the 30th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Johnson made a verbnl statement to me when he was taken into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-16" type="surname" value="GLASS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-16" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GLASS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). I know Bollon's and Waller's writing; I have seen Johnson write—the cheque dated 25th July, 1879, is in Waller's writing—this cheque of Mr. Mayhew's for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., of 4th March, 1881, is written by Waller and endorsed by Bollon—I do not know the writing of "Brown" on it—the body of the cheque of 19th March (Mr. Wood's) is Johnson's writing, the endorsement is Bollon's—this one on 22nd March, 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., J. Armstrong, is in Johnson's writing, the endorsement I don't know—the cheque of 23rd March, 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., is Johnson's writing, that for 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on 4th February is in Waller's handwriting, endorsed by Johnson and Waller—Bollon</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020005"/>
<p>sent for me to the House of Detention before the other men were in custody, and stated where he got the cheques from—he made one state
<lb/>ment to me on 21st April and another on 26th April—I went to him at his urgent request—they are as I took them down. (
<hi rend="italic">The substance of these statements was that he had received like cheques from Johnson.</hi>) This I O U for 18
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was handed to the solicitor for the prosecution at the police-court on Bollon's behalf—I searched Johnson's house and found a bill for 24
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., drawn and endorsed by Ballon, accepted by Wilson.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe these two papers (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) to be Johnson's writing.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BOLLON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-670-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-670-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-670-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction at this Court in October</hi>, 1867.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-670-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-670-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-670-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-670-18810802 t18810802-670-punishment-2"/>Eighteen Months Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-671-18810802" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18810802" type="surname" value="HOLLEBONE"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18810802" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AUGUSTUS HENRY HOLLEBONE</hi> (34)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-671-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-671-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-671-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18810802-671-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-671-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-671-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, a post letter, the property of Her Majesty's
<persName id="t18810802-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-18" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-671-offence-1 t18810802-name-18"/>Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-671-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-671-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-671-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-671-18810802 t18810802-671-punishment-3"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-672">
<interp inst="t18810802-672" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-672" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-672-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-672-18810802 t18810802-672-offence-1 t18810802-672-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-672-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-672-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18810802" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18810802" type="surname" value="MOTE"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18810802" type="given" value="ARTHUR CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR CHARLES MOTE</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-672-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-672-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-672-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to two indictments for like offences.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-672-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-672-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-672-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-672-18810802 t18810802-672-punishment-4"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18810802-672-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-672-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-672-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-673">
<interp inst="t18810802-673" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-673" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-673-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-673-18810802 t18810802-673-offence-1 t18810802-673-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-673-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-673-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-673-18810802" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-673-18810802" type="surname" value="MILNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-673-18810802" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH MILNER</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-673-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-673-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-673-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to a like offence.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-673-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-673-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-673-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-673-18810802 t18810802-673-punishment-5"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18810802-673-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-673-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-673-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-674">
<interp inst="t18810802-674" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-674" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-674-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-674-18810802 t18810802-674-offence-1 t18810802-674-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-674-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-674-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18810802" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18810802" type="surname" value="BURROWS"/>
<interp inst="def1-674-18810802" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH BURROWS</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-674-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-674-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-674-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to a like offence.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-674-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-674-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-674-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-674-18810802 t18810802-674-punishment-6"/>Eighteen Months' Hard labour</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18810802-674-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-674-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-674-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, August</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-675">
<interp inst="t18810802-675" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-675" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-675-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-675-18810802 t18810802-675-offence-1 t18810802-675-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-675-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-675-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-675-18810802" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def1-675-18810802" type="surname" value="NUGENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-675-18810802" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM NUGENT</hi> (55)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-675-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-675-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-675-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-23" type="surname" value="CULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-23" type="given" value="CALEB"/>CALEB CULLEN</persName> </hi>. I keep the Lamb and Flap, Rose Street, Covent Garden—on 19th July, about 6 o'clock, the prisoner and Johnson (
<hi rend="italic">see next case</hi>) came in for a pint of ale; they both partook of it, and Johnson gave me a shilling, I gave him the change, and they left—I then found that the shilling was bad, and spoke to Ward, who went out for a con
<lb/>stable, and I went into the street, but could not see the prisoners—on the same evening Johnson and Fredericks came in, had some refreshment, and Fredericks put down a bad half-crown—Ward went for a constable, and I went round, closed the door, and shut them both is, and when the constable came I went out and found Nugent lighting a pipe at my window—I told him his mates wanted him inside—he said "What do they want to see me for; I shan't come in"—I took him by the shoulders and brought him in—they then said that they would defy all the policemen in Bow Street to lock them up—I gave them in custody with the coins.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-24" type="surname" value="WAND"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-24" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WAND</persName> </hi>. On 9th July I was in the Lamb and Flag public-house, and saw Johnson and Fredericks there—I went for a constable, and when I came back they had gone—I saw them there again that evening, and Nugent was outside—the landlord secured hire and got him in—three policemen came, and the prisoners were given in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-25" type="surname" value="HALLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-25" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HALLETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 132). I was called to the Lamb and Flag with two other constables, and the prisoners were all taken to there station—Mr. Cullen gave me this half-crown and shilling—I found on Johnson a shilling's worth of coppers, but no bad money.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020006"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-26" type="surname" value="THORNE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-26" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM THORNE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 403). I took Fredericks and asked him how he came by the half-crown; he said that he changed a half-sovereign in Bays water Road—I found on him two florins, four shillings, and a Belgian farthing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-27" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-27" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 76). I took Nugent, and found on him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-28" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-28" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> the Mint—the shilling and half-crown are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I know nothing about it, the publican did not charge me with anything.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-675-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-675-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-675-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with a conviction of a like offence in November</hi>, 1871,
<hi rend="italic">to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-676">
<interp inst="t18810802-676" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-676" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-676-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-676-18810802 t18810802-676-offence-1 t18810802-676-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-676-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-676-18810802 t18810802-676-offence-2 t18810802-676-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-676-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-676-18810802 t18810802-676-offence-2 t18810802-676-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-676-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-676-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-676-18810802" type="surname" value="NUGENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-676-18810802" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM NUGENT</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted, with
<persName id="def2-676-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-676-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-676-18810802" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def2-676-18810802" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-676-18810802" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES JOHN
<lb/>SON</hi> (40)</persName> and
<persName id="def3-676-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-676-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-676-18810802" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def3-676-18810802" type="surname" value="FREDERICKS"/>
<interp inst="def3-676-18810802" type="given" value="ADAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADAM FREDERICKS</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-676-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-676-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-676-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, for unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">This being the same transaction, the witnesses repeated their former evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Johnson produced a written defence stating that he could not account for having the bad shilling.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Frederick's Defence.</hi> I took the half-crown in change for a half
<lb/>sovereign; I had the rest of the change in my pocket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-676-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-676-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-676-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICKS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-676-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-676-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-676-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-676-18810802 t18810802-676-punishment-7"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-676-18810802 t18810802-676-punishment-7"/>Two Years' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NUGENT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-676-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-676-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-676-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-676-18810802 t18810802-676-punishment-8"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-677">
<interp inst="t18810802-677" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-677" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-677-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-677-18810802 t18810802-677-offence-1 t18810802-677-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-677-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-677-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-677-18810802" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-677-18810802" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-677-18810802" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT DEAN</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-677-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-677-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-677-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-33" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-33" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MATTHEWS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Barrett, a brush maker, of 63, Piccadilly—on Friday, 17th June, the prisoner came in and asked for the cheapest nail brush I had—I offered him one at sixpence—he gave me a florin—I told him it was bad—he said that he was not aware of it; he took it of a man named King for a bet on Bend Or beating Robert the Devil—I took back the brush and gave him the coin—I was taken to Marlborough Street ten days afterwards, and picked him out from a lot of men and women.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-34" type="surname" value="DONNISON"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-34" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DONNISON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Trullier, a draper, of Coventry Street—on 29th June, about 9.30, the prisoner came in for two collars, which came to eightpence—he gave me a bad half-crown—Mr. Trullier went for a policeman, but could not find one—the prisoner left the shop, I followed him to Rupert Street, and gave him in charge with the half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said that you got it from a shipping office, not from the skipper of a ship—you said that you would get another for it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-35" type="surname" value="TROTT"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-35" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR TROTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 131). I was on duty in Rupert Street, and Donnison pointed out the prisoner to me—he saw me and moved away very fast—I followed him, caught him, and charged him—he said, "I know nothing about it;" Donovan gave me this half-crown—I searched the prisoner at the station, and found a good florin on him—he said, "If I had put down that I should not have been here now."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-36" type="surname" value="WILLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-36" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY WILLEY</persName> </hi>. I serve in a cook's shop, 45, Old Compton Street—on 26th April I served the prisoner with a cup of coffee and a slice of bread-and-butter—he gave me a florin—I bit it, and left the mark of my teeth in it—I gave it to Mr. Plummer, the manager—the prisoner was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020007"/>
<p>given in custody, remanded from Tuesday to Thursday, and then dis
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-37" type="surname" value="PLUMMER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-37" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD PLUMMER</persName> </hi>. I manage this coffee-shop—Willey gave me a bad florin, and I asked the prisoner if he had any more; he said no—I gave it to the constable, and gave him in charge—he was remanded for a week and discharged.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said that you had been paid off from your ship, and did not know where you got the change.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-38" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-38" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH JONES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 107). I took the prisoner and received this bad florin—I asked him where he got it; he said he did not know—I found 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on him, just the money required for the refreshment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-39" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-39" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This florin and half-crown are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was paid off, and received two 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes and 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; one of the notes was stolen from my pocket in a barber's shop while I was having a wash. I got this half-crown for carrying some things to the docks. I got the florin from a person named King, and it was proved on further trial to be good.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-677-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-677-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-677-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He was stated to be under ticket of leave on a sentence of ten years' penal servitude in India.—
<rs id="t18810802-677-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-677-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-677-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-677-18810802 t18810802-677-punishment-9"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour on the Second Count</rs> , and
<rs id="t18810802-677-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-677-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-677-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-677-18810802 t18810802-677-punishment-10"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labouron the Third, consecutive.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-678">
<interp inst="t18810802-678" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-678" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-678-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-678-18810802 t18810802-678-offence-1 t18810802-678-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-678-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-678-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18810802" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18810802" type="surname" value="SHERRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18810802" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SHERRY</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-678-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-678-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-678-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his possession with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-41" type="surname" value="GODWIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-41" type="given" value="LOUISE"/>LOUISE GODWIN</persName> </hi>. I assist in a baker's shop, 62, Regent Street, kept by Madame Petrywalski—on 5th June, about 12.45, I served the prisoner with two penny rolls—he gave me a bad half-crown—I showed it to Madame, who marked it with her teeth, sent for a constable, and it was given to him—the prisoner said that a traveller gave it to him for carrying a portmanteau—he produced a shilling, which Madame gave back to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-42" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-42" type="surname" value="PETRYWALSKI"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-42" type="given" value="SALOMI"/>SALOMI PETRYWALSKI</persName> </hi>. I keep a confectioner's shop at 62, Regent Street—I received this half-crown on 27th June, and found it was bad—I gave it to the policeman, and gave the prisoner into custody, saying "I believe you have been here before"—I forget what answer he made.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-43" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-43" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH ELLIS</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Madame Petrywalski—she gave the prisoner in charge—he said that he did not know the half-crown was bad; a gentleman gave it to him for carrying a portmanteau from Charing Cross to Park Lane—he produced a shilling—I told him to put it in his pocket, and when he got to the station I tested it, and found it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-44" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-44" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This shilling and half-crown are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I received 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. from a gentleman for carrying a portmanteau. I offered it at the baker's shop, and they said it was bad. I then offered the shilling, which I should not have done had I known it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-678-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-678-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-678-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony at
<placeName id="t18810802-geo-1">Clerkenwell</placeName> in August</hi>, 1880.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-678-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-678-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-678-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-678-18810802 t18810802-678-punishment-11"/>Two Years' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-679">
<interp inst="t18810802-679" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-679" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-679-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-679-18810802 t18810802-679-offence-1 t18810802-679-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-679-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-679-18810802 t18810802-679-offence-1 t18810802-679-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-679-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-679-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18810802" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18810802" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18810802" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR HARRIS</hi> (19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-679-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-679-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-679-18810802" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-679-18810802" type="surname" value="HICKEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-679-18810802" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL HICKEY</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-679-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-679-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-679-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in their possession with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020008"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HICKS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WOODFORD DUDLEY</hi>. On 19th July I was at the ticket office at the Alexandra Palace, and at a little past 5 o'clock Harris came for a glass of ale, and I gave him a 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. ticket—he gave me a florin—I gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change, and he left—he afterwards brought another florin, and had another glass of ale—I said "These two florins are bad"—I had given him change for the second also—he went away about 100 yards, but I did not lose sight of him—he then gave me two more florins, one good and one bad—Hickey was with him in the grounds—I saw them both running down the hill—I was with the sergeant when they were taken in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This was a race day—I kept the first florin in my hand, and he came for a second ticket two minutes afterwards—a police
<lb/>man stopped Hickey.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-47" type="surname" value="BABINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-47" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BABINGTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). On 19th July, about 6.15, I was in the Alexandra Palace grounds off duty, and saw the prisoners running from the south entrance down the steps into a walk, and Hickey threw something into a clump of trees, which I found was a veil containing six half-crowns and two florins, counterfeit, wrapped in separate papers—I handed them to the sergeant who caught the prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They met me, and Hickey was about seven yards from me when he threw the parcel—nothing is known against either of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-48" type="surname" value="BANKS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-48" type="given" value="RICHARD WILLIAM"/>RICHARD WILLIAM BANKS</persName> </hi>. I am manager at the Alexandra Palace. I saw the prisoners in the hands of the police, and as they went up the steps Hickey dropped a florin—I picked it up and gave it to Moore.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-49" type="surname" value="HANCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-49" type="given" value="PETER"/>PETER HANCOCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 42
<hi rend="italic">Y R</hi>). I was on duty, and saw Moore running after the prisoners, calling, "Stop them!" I stopped Hickey, and took him into the pavilion, where he was searched.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-50" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-50" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MOORE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi> 39
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). Dudley pointed out the prisoners to me running down the park—I pursued them, and just as they passed a clump of trees I saw a parcel thrown, but cannot say by which of them—I pursued them half a mile, and Hancock stopped them—I took them into the refreshment booth, and Harris dropped a florin, which Banks handed to me—Babington gave me these six half-crowns and two florins, and Dudley this florin—I found on Hickey 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze, good money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-51" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-51" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are all bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-679-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-679-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-679-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-679-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-679-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-679-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-679-18810802 t18810802-679-punishment-12"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-679-18810802 t18810802-679-punishment-12"/>Two Years' Hard Labour each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-680">
<interp inst="t18810802-680" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-680" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-680-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-680-18810802 t18810802-680-offence-1 t18810802-680-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-680-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-680-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-680-18810802" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-680-18810802" type="surname" value="WOODSTOCK"/>
<interp inst="def1-680-18810802" type="given" value="FREDERICK JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK JAMES WOODSTOCK</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-680-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-680-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-680-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-53" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-53" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BARKER</persName> </hi>. I live at 9, Beaumont Street, and in April I was assistant to Mr. Harris, a stationer of Oxford Street—on 25th April I served the prisoner with some paper and envelopes, which came to 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a half-crown, which the manager found to be bad, and he was given into custody, taken to Marlborough Street, and discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-54" type="surname" value="CHAPPLE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-54" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CHAPPLE</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Harris, stationer, of 57, Oxford Street—Barker showed me a half-crown—I weighed it, found it light, and asked him where he got it; he said, "From a public-house on Ludgate Hill"—I gave him in custody.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020009"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-55" type="surname" value="MCGWYRE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-55" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MCGWYRE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 75
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). On 25th April Mr. Chappie gave the prisoner into my custody, with this half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I found on him a good sixpence, and a threepenny piece and two halfpence—he said that he got the half-crown at a public-house on the Saturday night previous.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> The young man told me that he gave you the halfpence and the silver in change fur a shilling.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-56" type="surname" value="DARMSTATTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-56" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DARMSTATTER</persName> </hi>. I keep the Vienna Restaurant, Strand—on 24th June the prisoner gave me a bad florin for a glass of beer—I asked him where he got it; he said, "From a gentleman, for carrying luggage"—I gave him in custody, with the coin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You paid for the beer with twopence and two half
<lb/>pence—there was a large halfpenny.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-57" type="surname" value="WARE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-57" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WARE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">E. R.</hi>) On 24th June the prisoner was given into my custody, with this florin—he said that he got it from a gentleman for carrying his luggage from King's Cross to Charing Cross Station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-58" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-58" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half-crown and florin are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that he got the florin for carrying a portmanteau, and the half-crown in change far a sovereign; that the Magistrate let him out on his own recognisances, and if he had been guilty he would not have appeared.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-680-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-680-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-680-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with a conviction of felony at Clerkenwell in September</hi>, 1880,
<hi rend="italic">to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-680-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-680-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-680-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-680-18810802 t18810802-680-punishment-13"/>Two Years' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-681">
<interp inst="t18810802-681" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-681" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-681-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-681-18810802 t18810802-681-offence-1 t18810802-681-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-681-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-681-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-681-18810802" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-681-18810802" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-681-18810802" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN COOPER</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-681-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-681-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-681-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. METCALFX</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-60" type="surname" value="WELCH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-60" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH WELCH</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Railroad Inn, Potter's Bar—on 7th July the prisoner came in for a pot of beer, and gave me a florin; it "jinked" very well—my husband looked at it, and believing it to be good we gave the prisoner the change—he went out without finishing the beer, and my husband went after him, caught him, brought him back, and said, "Did you know it was bad?" he said "No"—this is the florin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-61" type="surname" value="WELCH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-61" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WELCH</persName> </hi>. I saw my wife serve the prisoner—she showed me the coin, and I found it was bad—the prisoner went out, and I went after him—he got 100 yards from the house—I called him: he came back and met me—I said, "Do you know what you gave my wife?" he said, "Yes, a two-shilling
<hi rend="italic">bit</hi>"—I said, "You had better go back to her;" he said, "No"—I said, "I shall send for the police;" he said, "Send for the police if you like, and give me three months; it will not "be the first time in my life"—he came back and as good as knocked me over, but I held up my stick and said, "You dare to touch me," and gave him in charge, with the coin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-62" type="surname" value="REEVES"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-62" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS REEVES</persName> </hi>. I keep the Bridge House, Potter's Bar—on 17th July, at 7.30, I served the prisoner with some beer; he gave me this florin—it did not look right, but I put it in the till, where there was no other, and gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—I afterwards found it was bad, went to the station, and picked the prisoner out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-63" type="surname" value="PARISH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-63" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PARISH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 239
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). On 17th July, a little before 9 p.m., I saw Mr. Welsh detaining the prisoner—he said, "This man has just passed a two-shilling piece to my wife"—I said to the prisoner,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020010"/>
<p>"Have you any more money about you?" he said, "I shan't tell you"—I took him to the station, searched him, and found three shillings, four sixpences, eleven pence, and two halfpence—when he was charged he said, "You will give me as much as you can, and I intend to get off as light as I can."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-64" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two florins are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> "I got the money from some person who gave me change."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-681-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-681-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-681-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-681-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-681-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-681-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-681-18810802 t18810802-681-punishment-14"/>Two Years' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-682">
<interp inst="t18810802-682" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-682" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-682-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-682-18810802 t18810802-682-offence-1 t18810802-682-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-682-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-682-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-682-18810802" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-682-18810802" type="surname" value="PICKETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-682-18810802" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PICKETT</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-682-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-682-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-682-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">A. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-66" type="surname" value="SHERISS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-66" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR SHERISS</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Crisp, of the Brewer's Arms, St. Pancras—on 25th July, about 2.30 p m., I served the prisoner with half a pint of beer—he gave me a half-crown—I gave him four sixpences and 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change, and put it in the till, where there was no other half-crown—he left half of the beer and went out—I then went to the till, and found the half-crown was bad—I went out, and found the prisoner at Mr. Chitty's shop, sixty yards off—Mr. Chitty showed me another bad half-crown, and I sent for a constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-67" type="surname" value="CHITTY"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-67" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CHITTY</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, of St. Pancras Road—on 25th July, about 2.30, the prisoner came in for a pennyworth of cheese and a half-pennyworth of bread—he put down a half-crown—Mr. Sheriss came in and accused the prisoner of giving him a bad half-crown—I then tested the one he gave me, and found it bad—the prisoner said that he received the coins that morning for work done—I gave them to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-68" type="surname" value="TODD"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-68" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM TODD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman 300 Y</hi>). I was called to Mr. Chitty's, and the prisoner was given into my charge—he said, "I had the two half-crowns given me for unloading some corn"—I found on him a good sixpence and a halfpenny.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-69" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two half-crowns are bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-682-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-682-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-682-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-682-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-682-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-682-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-682-18810802 t18810802-682-punishment-15"/>Two Years' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-683">
<interp inst="t18810802-683" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-683" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-683-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-683-18810802 t18810802-683-offence-1 t18810802-683-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-683-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-683-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-683-18810802" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-683-18810802" type="surname" value="GEAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-683-18810802" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES GEAY</hi> (34)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-683-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-683-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-683-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18810802-683-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-683-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-683-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>two indictments for stealing jackets, the goods of
<persName id="t18810802-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-71" type="surname" value="STERN"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-71" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-683-offence-1 t18810802-name-71"/>Albert Stern</persName> and another, having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell in Sept., 1870; also to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18810802-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-72" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-72" type="given" value="ELEANOR JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-683-offence-1 t18810802-name-72"/>Eleanor Jane Gray</persName>, his wife being alive.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-683-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-683-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-683-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-683-18810802 t18810802-683-punishment-16"/>Ten Years' Penal Ser
<lb/>vitude</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday and Thursday, August</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd and</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1881.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grove.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-684">
<interp inst="t18810802-684" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-684" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-684-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-684-18810802 t18810802-684-offence-1 t18810802-684-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-684-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-684-18810802 t18810802-684-offence-1 t18810802-684-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-684-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-684-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-684-18810802" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-684-18810802" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="def1-684-18810802" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM NASH</hi> (26)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-684-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-684-18810802" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-684-18810802" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-684-18810802" type="surname" value="WEIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def2-684-18810802" type="given" value="ANNIE MARIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE MARIA WEIGHT</hi> (29)</persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18810802-684-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-684-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-684-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>the willful murder of
<persName id="t18810802-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-75" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-75" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-75" type="given" value="ELIZABETH JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-684-offence-1 t18810802-name-75"/>Elizabeth Jane Clark</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NASH</hi>was also charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with the like murder.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-76" type="surname" value="DIPLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-76" type="given" value="THOMAS BRAMAH"/>DR. THOMAS BRAMAH DIPLOCK</persName> </hi>. I am coroder for the Western Division of Middlesex—on 17th May I held an inquest as to the death of Ann Susannah Bond, Eliza, Jane Clark, John David Bond, Philip Clark, Harry Church, and Louisa Church—on the second hearing on 25th May the prisoner William Nash was examined before me—I cautioned him before he was sworn—I took down the effect of his answers, and at the con
<lb/>clusion of the inquest read over his deposition to him, and he signed it—this</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020011"/>
<p>is it—on the same day the prisoner Wright was also examined, under the name of Anne Maria Nash—at that time it was not known she was not married—she was not cautioned; I have her deposition also—on the next hearing, on 30th May, she was recalled, and further questions put to her, and then her entire deposition was read over to her, and she signed it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Both the prisoners attended on the first occasion—I can't say whether they did so voluntarily; there was a roomful of people—I can't say whether they attended on the second occasion of their own accord—the woman was examined before Nash on the second occasion—I cautioned the witnesses in the usual way, and put down their own words as far as possible—I do not know whether either of them had any legal adviser.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The depositions were read as follows</hi>:—William Nash. "I live at 48, Golborne Boad, Kensington; I did live on the 15th May at 422, Portobello Board. I am a dairyman. I was out on Sunday evening, the night of the fire, my wife with me. We came in at a little after 11 o'clock, not as late as half-past; we were both in bed by half-past 11. I did not hear anybody go out after that. I went to sleep; my wife woke me; she pulled me, and said 'For God's sake, what's this?' The room was full of smoke and illuminated up. We got out of bed, and my wife ran up the stairs. I believe I got out of bed, and took what clothes were on the chair and my wife's dress off the bedstead. I pulled my trousers and drawers on in the passage, and I believe I gave my wife her dress somewhere, she says in the passage. I went for the escape after that. I do not know where the fire was; I did not go to see where the fire was; I saw no flames. I do not believe the fire was in the bedroom. I took my clothes and went out. I went out by the door in the Warrington Board. I do not know if the fire was in the shop; I did not go to see, I had no time. I took nothing but my clothes and my wife's dress. I went for the fire-escape, and some
<lb/>body had been there, and it was pulling off the path in Ladbroke Grove Road. I went round by Sutton's, the pawnbroker's. I believe the Portobello Board door was that which I left at. I do not know if my wife had gone out there or not; I think I left her there, she had only a dress. Mr. Keen was standing on the stairs when I came out of the parlour. I did not hear my wife at the top of the house; I could not say if I heard her knocking at the doors at the top of the house, and I did not see Mrs. Keen until I came back with the escape. Mr. Keen broke open the door leading to the shop; he was on the stairs in his trousers. In that time I had got my clothes off the chair, that's all. There were no combustibles in the shop. The passage was boarded off from the shop up to about 8 feet high, and open above that. The illumination came from the Portobello side. The stock-in-trade and everything was insured for 120
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. There is no fireplace in the shop, it is all bricked up. The latest time I saw a fire in the parlour was between 3 and 4 in the after
<lb/>noon—the latest time I was in the shop on Sunday was at about half-past four. I did not look into the shop when my wife awoke me. The glass was cracking in the door, and the smoke pouring through. My wife did not have her boots in her hand when she went up stairs. Keen was on the stairs. I did not say 'Save yourselves, or you will all be burnt'. He did not say 'You have on the same clothes that you wore</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020012"/>
<p>yesterday.' I put on my boots in the passage. I left the house in a low-crowned hat. I had on the same shirt I have on now, not a night shirt. I had my waistcoat and a "brown Cardigan jacket under my arm as I went for the escape, and I put them on as I came back with it. I had not those things on when I left the house. I did not wear an overcoat on Sunday at all. I have no idea what caused the fire in the front shop. I did not take any furniture to Portobello Road from Golborne Road. The articles I had in Portobello Road were a table and an iron bedstead, a mattress or flock bed; I had them from Keen for a cow and calf and some cash. I have not had all the money yet, there is some 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. owing; he has paid me, I think, 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. I value the lot of bed and mattress and table at about 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I think I sold the lot I bought of Collins. I had five chairs, three cane-bottomed and a horse
<lb/>hair arm-chair. I brought part from Golborne Road where all was not sold. I had one or two ornaments and some photographs and a fender worth some 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. then; I had my clothes and my wife's clothes. I do not know in what amount the furniture was insured. The policy we have not got; it was burnt, I suppose; it was in the house. I had not paid any rent for six weeks, and I had borrowed 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from a loan office about five weeks ago. The landlord asked me to sell some furniture for him, and I bought some myself for about 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., of which I sold a music-stool for 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. I had in the shop also scales, show tubs, milk
<lb/>perambulator, and other things, which I value at 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 17
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; there was one pair of scales also that was not mine. There was a door from the passage into the shop; no one could get into the shop except through the parlour door if that into the passage was fastened, unless they got over the partition. I have made a claim on the Yorkshire Fire Insurance Company for 79
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. My wife did not say anything when she came down stairs, except that the doors were locked; I do not know if they were in the upstairs rooms. My wife said Mrs. Bond spoke to her. I do not think I told the escape man that there were people in the house. (Signed) William Nash."</p>
<p>"Ann Maria Nash. I live at 48, Golborne Road, Kensington; I did live on 15th May at 422, Portobello Road. I am wife of William Nash, he is a dairyman. We were both at home all day on the 15th, except when my husband went out with his milk. We went out in the evening at 6 or 7 o'clock for a walk round the houses about there. We came in at 11 or a few minutes after; we went straight to bed then; my husband went to bed at the same time, he did not go into the shop before he went to bed. I went to sleep; I was awoke by a suffocating feeling. My husband was not awake then, I awoke him; I did not hear the fire at that time, but the room seemed full of smoke and light. I got out of bed, as did my husband; I do not know what he did, for I went up stairs to wake them at the top of the house and the Keens. I did so; I awoke the Keens first, I did not see them come out of their room. I went up to the top of the house, and I knocked at the door until I was answered by Mrs. Bond; neither of the others spoke to me—not Clark nor Church. The suffocating feeling was not at the top of the house when I went up, it was when I turned to come down stairs. Neither of them on the top floor came out to me. Mrs. Bond said 'What is the matter, Mrs. Nash?' I said 'The house is on fire; 'I never heard her answer me. I believe the Keen' door was open as I was going down;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020013"/>
<p>I did not hear or see anything of Mr. or Mrs. Keen as I was going downstairs. When I went down I found my husband in the passage near the door leading to Portobello Road. I did not see Mr. Keen then; the first time I saw him was at the fire-escape. There is a glass door between the shop and the parlour. The light seemed everywhere when I woke. I do not know where the fire was, in the front of the house I suppose; I could not say if it was inside or outside the house, it was all illuminated everywhere. When I found my husband by the door leading to Portobeilo Road he gave me my dress, and he seemed to be arranging his own dress. I went out, and I knocked at next door. I have no re
<lb/>collection whether my husband came out with me or before me. By the time I came out the fire had got much ahead; I do not know if it was in the shop then, it seemed everywhere. I then turned and met the escape, and said there were people up stairs. The engine did not come for some time. There was a fireplace in the front kitchen in the base
<lb/>ment, but it was never used. I went out at the hall door; that door was not shut. I had my nightdress on when I went up to call them, and when I came out of the house I had only my dress and nightdress on. The landlord retains the front kitchen as a lumber room, and that is kept locked. I cannot say if the front room was on fire in more places than one, it seemed all illuminated. I did not take my boots up in my hand, nor give them to Keen. My husband was undressed in bed, except his night-dress; if he said he had slept in his boots and clothes it would not be true. After the fire he went to his cousin, who lent him a coat; he did not take away an overcoat from the fire; I cannot say if he was wearing a hat when I saw him with the fire-escape. Before the fire he had a brown cardigan jacket, and he has that now. He always made a practice of putting all his clothes together on a chair, but not his great
<lb/>coat. I cannot recollect whether he had on the cardigan jacket when I saw him with the fire-escape; he had nothing round his neck, no scarf or tie. He had insured the property directly he went there; I believe the furniture in the parlour was insured for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., it was worth more than that. I cannot say what was the value of the property in the shop; some of it was furniture, some of it belonged to Darvill; there were two beds, two tables, a washstand, and a lamp, worth, perhaps, 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. (Signed) A. Wright or Nash."
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> "I lived at Brixton, I think, before Portobello. Road—no, Branstone Street. I have been married five years. I was staying in Grolborne Road before Branstone Road. I do not know where I was married. I am not married to Nash. My maiden name was Wright. (Signed) A. Wright or Nash."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-77" type="surname" value="DAEVILL"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-77" type="given" value="JOHN BALDWIN"/>JOHN BALDWIN DAEVILL</persName> </hi>. I am the owner of 422, Portobello Road—on 16th of May last the second floor, which is the top floor, was occupied by Mrs. Bond as my tenant—Mrs. Clark lived with her; John David Bond, Mrs. Bond's son, a boy Philip Clark, Mrs. Clark's son, and a little girl, Louisa Church; Harry Church, the father of Louisa, used also to sleep there on Saturday and Sunday—there were two rooms on the first floor occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Keen and their child, and there is a shop at the back occupied also by Keen, which fronts into the Warrington Road—you can get on to the flat zinc roof of that shop from a staircase window at the back—Keen also occupied the back kitchen in the base
<lb/>ment—you get into the back shop from the house through a passage on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020014"/>
<p>the ground-floor—there is a shop and a back parlour opening into the Portobello Road by a door in the middle of the shop, and over that door is a fanlight; it is a double-fronted shop—there is a private door at the side of the house, which opens into a passage—there is a thin partition, which does not reach to the ceiling, dividing the passage from the shop—there is a door, the upper part of which is glass, communicating between the shop and the parlour at the back, and another door at the back of the parlour, communicating with the passage, and there is glass also at the upper part of that; a person looking through that door can see into the parlour and shop—the prisoners occupied the front parlour and shop at a rent of 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per week unfurnished—I retained the front kitchen myself as a store-room for furniture; I kept it locked; I did not live on the premises—the prisoners came into occupation on 15th Feb
<lb/>ruary—they had no kitchen—there were fixtures in the shop, which belonged to me, counters, scales, &c.; I left them there with the con
<lb/>agreed sideration that if he succeeded he would purchase them; no value was upon; their value was about 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he opened the shop as a greengrocer's—he did not pay his rent, there were seven weeks owing when the fire occurred; I had pressed him for that often, I had been in two or three times a day sometimes—I wanted the shop—he owed me 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for gas up to March; 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. had been consumed altogether, and he was responsible for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; up to the date of the fire his portion would come to about 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I had asked him several times about the gas bill due to March—he failed as a greengrocer, and abandoned that trade, but the shop was not entirely unused, he kept a few things there—I asked him a few days before the fire to give up the shop and occupy the parlour, I had a quantity of furniture which I wanted to expose for sale, and he offered me half the shop for my purpose, and said his wife would superintend it for me—at the time I put my furniture there I don't think there was anything in the front shop belonging to the prisoner—he afterwards purchased some furniture and placed it in the shop with mine for the purpose of selling; it was placed there after I had arranged for half the shop—I saw some furniture there which did not belong to me, and he told me he had purchased a portion of some furniture that had been left in a room for 21
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>—I recollect the fire; after it I went to the infirmary at Kensington Workhouse, where I saw two dead bodies amongst others, there were six altogether; one corresponded in size and sex with the appearance of Harry Church, and the other with that of Louisa Church.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Nash was first a greengrocer, and after trying that for some time he was unsuccessful, and became a furniture dealer, but he did not give it up altogether, so there was a little greengrocery there at the end of the time—there are not gas pipes in every room of the house; there were two burners in the shop and two in the parlour—the meter was kept in the back kitchen downstairs in the basement—there was no gas on the first floor; there was no gas on the second floor—there were two gas-burners in the back shop—the gas bills are sent to me as the landlord; I called upon Nash for his share—the whole house tumbled in, it was gutted by the fire—I have since had men there clearing away and rebuilding; among them there has been a German named Flamme about the premises 14 or 15 days; he has made no statement to me about the state of the chimney; last evening I heard something about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020015"/>
<p>the chimney from the next house being out of repair since the fire—there were 17 inches of bricks placed by me in the fireplace before the fire; they are there now, except a portion at the top which has been removed, and since then smoke has come down from one chimney to the other when the wind is in a certain quarter—smoke, or sparks could not get into the shop from the neighbouring house, the 17 inches of brick
<lb/>work would prevent that—I heard yesterday afternoon from Flamme that there was a sort of aperture, by means of which smoke might come from one house to the other—there were 11 men there last week, yesterday there were only two—I did not make inquiries of the men some time ago—these were new houses, three years old—since the fire the gas pipes have been recovered and examined; I have seen nothing of a fracture myself; they are being relaid; they tumbled down when the woodwork was burnt away; the lead pipes were melted away, and the meter was destroyed—I have had no experience of gas igniting; I know if gas escapes it will ignite, and it will escape wherever there is the least opening for it—the Salvation Army burnt the gas there six months previously—I have no recollection of any case where gas has taken fire except by lighting; I do not think the slightest spark coming from the fire would ignite the gas—an explosion would accompany the ignition, and it would spread quickly if there was much gas about—I cannot account for this new house being so quickly burnt; I can attribute it to other causes than the escape of gas—I had not been down to the bottom of the house for a week or ten days before this; I know pretty well the state it was in; I found it after the fire in the same as it was before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Seven or eight day's before I had been in the kitchen under the shop, that was all safe, and it was undisturbed after the fire—I had glass doors in. there, and have got them out since, unbroken—there was no fire kindled there—the gas-meter was in the scullery of the base
<lb/>ment in Warrington Road; it was left for use, turned full on—there was an understanding with the people in the house to use the gas—before the prisoner came to occupy the shop it had been let to a previous tenant up to three weeks or a month before—I was in the shop with the carpenter fitting it up before the prisoner came in; it had been a public room for two years—there was a fireplace in the wall adjoining the next house quite bricked up, full of bricks right up, 17 inches in thickness—it is not possible, in my judgment, that any spark could have come from the adjoining house during the time the prisoner was there, from 15th February to 5th May, the prisoner never complained that anything was wrong with the shop—since the rebuilding I did myself observe once a small smouldering smoke come down the chimney, after I had taken out two rows of those bricks placed in the fireplace; that was when a draught was made, before that no smoke could have come through—it came from the other house—when it was bricked up there was no aperture for the smoke to come through—my own house had then no fire in it, and it would be colder than the other house—there was no grate, but where the grate ought to have been was bricked up—there was not a space left at the top; there might be room enough to get a thin knife up—the house adjoining is a beerhouse with an "off" licence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-78" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-78" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WOOD</persName> </hi>. I live at Clifton House, Lancefield Street, Chelsea, and am a painter—on Suhday, 15th May, about 9.30, I went to 422, Porto
<lb/>bello Road with Harry Church, a friend of mine—we went upstairs to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020016"/>
<p>the top of the house where Mrs. Bond and her son lived, and Mrs. Clark her sister, Philip Clark, and Louisa Church—we stayed there chatting—the children had gone to bed, the other persons were up—we left about 11.30, leaving those six persons there—I said good-night to them, and came downstairs alone—I went through the passage and out of the private door into the Portobello Road—I shut the door after me—I believe it closed with a latch—I did not smell any gas, nor did anything attract my attention—I saw no light in the shop or back parlour or anywhere—I went home—I heard of the fire next day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not there above an hour or an hour and a half—I had no supper there—we had a little beer, that was all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-79" type="surname" value="TREASURER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-79" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN TREASURER</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor, and live at 3, Whetstone Road, Porto
<lb/>bello Road, about two or three minutes' walk from 422—a few minutes before I on the Monday morning, the 16th, I was aroused by the alarm of fire—I was in bed and asleep—I got up at once and went to 422—it was then alight from the shop right through to the roof, in one blaze—my daughter, Elizabeth Jane Clark, lived there—my other daughter, Mrs. Bond, rented the floor, and the Clarke lived with her—about 9 that same morning I went to the Kensington workhouse, and there saw six charred bodies—I recognised one of them as the body of my daughter, Elizabeth Jane Clark, and the other bodies corresponded in size and age with the other persons.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not go for the fire escape—I did nothing—I went home, and returned again and saw the six bodies lying on the pavement—when I got there the place was one sheet of flame.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-80" type="surname" value="KEEN"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-80" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES KEEN</persName> </hi>. I am a milkman—on 16th May I lived at 422, Porto
<lb/>bello Road—I occupied the whole of the first floor, the shop at the back, and the back kitchen—on the Sunday evening preceding the fire I saw Nash, about 6.30, in his own shop; he appeared to be pulling and shifting the things about from one part of the shop to the other—I and my wife went to bed at half-past 9—I was aroused about a quarter to 10 by Mrs. Bond to serve a person with milk—I then slept till some
<lb/>thing past 12—I was then aroused by Mrs. Nash (Wright) knocking loudly at the door, and saying, "Jim! Jim! get up, the place is in flames"—I and my wife and child got up and escaped on to the landing through the staircase door—we did not wait to dress—they were assisted down into the street—I went back and down the staircase into my shop—I made an attempt to go back into my room on the first floor, but could not succeed because of the smoke and flames coming through the door into my bedroom—after Wright had aroused me I heard her upstairs knocking at the door on the top floor, and calling to them to get up; that was before we got out on the leads—Wright passed me on the staircase as I went down—I said to her "Have you roused the people at the top of the house?" she said "Yes, and they will be down in a minute"—she had on her dress, no bonnet—her dress was not fastened in front, and I could see a white substance under it—she was barefooted, and she handed me a pair of boots as she passed—she made no remark—I saw her leave the house; she went through the passage and closed the door after her leading into Portobello Road—at that time I had looked at the front shop—as Wright passed me I glanced my eyes into the shop through the half glass door in the passage and saw two flames, one in the right hand corner, and one on the left—the right hand corner was at the farther end</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020017"/>
<p>of the shop, close to the parlour, the other was dose to the Portobello door, the passage door—I saw Nash at that time; he was in the passage at the bottom of the staircase—he had on a cardigan jacket, a hat, boots, and trousers, and the appearance of a scarf round his meek—I said to him "You know something of this;" he said "You must look to yourself"—he then assisted me to burst open the door leading into my shop, and I escaped with him through the shop into Warrington Street—I went that way for the purpose of saying what I could from my shop, and I took some utensils with me—I could not find the keys—I took the boots that Wright gave me to an empty house in Warrington Gardens—I did not go for the fire escape—I saw Nash about an hour after; he came to me and asked me for the boots—I said "They are in a house in Warrington Gardens"—I went with him and he got them—he went with them to a shop kept by Joseph Fry—I saw Nash again between 5 and 6 in Portobello Road opposite the fire; he was then wearing an overcoat—I had seen him with a coat on similar to that on the Sunday morning—I said to him "You have got the overcoat?" he said "Yes, I have saved that"—I said "You have got the same boots and all on that you had on yesterday morning when I saw you about half-past 6;" he said "Yes, I did not pull them off; I had been to bed, but I was not undressed"—I did not notice any smell of gas on that Sunday evening or afternoon—I moved into this shop in November—previous to my coming there I had some furniture where I formerly lived, and in exchange for a plaster cow and calf, gilt, I lent him a table and three chairs—I did not sell them—I allowed him 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for a bed and mattress and 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in money, and I still owe him 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I have been in his parlour since 15th February, and I saw the bedstead and a deal box—I did not notice any other furniture—there were two large boxes, packing cases, and some dummy boxes; they were worth 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or a 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I lent him a pair of scales—there was no fender in the parlour—I recollect an insurance agent coming in March; Nash brought him in from his shop to mine—the agent said "Mr. Nash has just insured his furniture against fire; if you will insure I can bring the policy for both at one time and save trouble"—I declined to insure—Nash said "Yes, I have insured, and shall have the policy in a week"—some week or two after
<lb/>wards he told me he had got the policy—he mentioned again about being insured, and I said "You can't insure, for you have got nothing to insure;" he said "I have insured"—several weeks after he told me he had got the policy; be called me into his back parlour, and said "Would not this place burn well, Jim?" I said "Yes, but don't burn us"—I did not insure, I lost everything except a few cans and utensils which I saved myself.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> At the time Wright came to the door and roused me up there were no flames in my room—I got up immediately and put on my trousers and slippers, and roused my wife and child—I got them safe out before I went down stairs; it did not take many minutes—I did not save any of the property in my room, I lost everything except my troubers and slippers—I lost my watch and purse; there was some silver in the purse—after seeing my wife and child safe I tried to enter my bedroom, but could not get in for the smoke—Wright passed me on the staircase as I was going down to my shop, and it was then I said to her "Have you aroused the people at the top?"—I was then standing,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020018"/>
<p>speaking to Nash; he was in the passage leading into Portobello Road—there was a good deal of smoke there, and flames too, and on the stairs—I saw how he was dressed from the reflection of the flames in the shop—there was no partition in the passage—I was able to see what dress he had on—to the best of my recollection he had on the same clothes that he had at 5 or 6 in the morning—I did not advise him to insure—I am sure of that—I did not go for the fire escape because I was told that someone else had gone for it—I don't know who told me; it was someone in the street—there was a crowd collected about the house—Nash had not got on the overcoat when I saw him in the passage—I don't know whether the officer from the insurance office came to solicit him; he asked me—Nash did not ask my opinion about it before he insured; I swear that—it was several weeks after he had insured that he said "Would not this place burn well?"—no one was present at the time—he said "I have got a largo fire and the gas on; would not this place burn well, it being all match board?"—he had a large fire in the room, in the grate, and the gas was burning in the room—I have not stated this conversation before; I have not been asked—the first thing he said when I went in was "Is not this room hot to-night? I have got a large fire and the gas well on; this place would burn well"—my statement before the Magistrate was read over to me—I believe I said then "He called me into his back parlour and said 'Would not this place burn well, being all wood?'"—I don't know whether I said anything about the gas being well on; I did not think of it—I never told anybody that I had recovered my money and my watch—I never said so to a person named Parsons—I never complained of the gas, or said that I could not sleep in consequence—he had the gas burning in the parlour when he called me in—I don't know whether it was lighted in the shop, I did not notice; it was past 8 in the evening, I believe—I don't know whether the shop was shut—the shop and parlour joined; I believe there was a glass door between them—I did not see whether the shop was lighted or not, I had my own shop to look after—I just opened the door and looked in as I passed—I don't know whether I mentioned to anybody about the gas being well on—I believe I men
<lb/>tioned it before the Coroner, not before—I don't think I mentioned it before the Magistrate—I did not think then that he was going to set fire to the house; I regarded it as a light passing observation, a joke, that was all—it was not many minutes after Wright had aroused me that I saw the fire in the two corners—the police assisted in getting my wife down—the shop was full of flame at the time; the two fires formed an archway—I could see through the glass door in the passage—I was on the staircase—there was a door leading from the shop to the passage—I believe there is a door from the shop to the parlour—that was not the door I was looking through; it was the passage door—there are twelve or thirteen stairs—the staircase is halfway along the passage, and I had to turn sharp round to the right to my shop—the staircase runs as far as the door leading from the passage into the shop—I can't say on which stair I was standing, I might be two or three steps up, I don't know—the door was on my left hand, and it was through that door I saw the two fires—I did not mention this to any
<lb/>body till I was before the Magistrate—I did not discuss it with anybody—I know a Mr. Harris—I don't know what he is—I did not hear him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020019"/>
<p>before the Magistrate describe the fire as forming in archway—the door I saw through had a thick plate glass, frosted half way up; the door was shut—I have been charged with being on the pavement with my milk perambulator—I was charged with embezzling 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. (I was looked up about two hours) from a person of the name of Smith, a dairyman in Ladbroke Grove Road—I was in his employment—I was sent for trial at the Middlesex Sessions two or three years ago—I was acquitted—I was not acquitted because of the absence of a material witness—there was no witness absent that I was aware of—I will swear it was not so—I was not charged with stealing a load of grains—I was out on bail—the trial lasted about half or three quarters of an hour—Mr. Smith gave evidence—I did not bring an action for false im
<lb/>prisonment—I never had any quarrel with Nash—I was on good terms with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was examined before the Coroner on the 25th—I then mentioned having seen what appeared to me to be two fires—the dispute with Mr. Smith was about a load of grains I was entrusted to sell, and I was deficient 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>—the same witnesses were examined at the trial as had been called before the Magistrate—I was acquitted by the Jury—after that I started selling milk for myself, and have ever since got my living as a milkman—it is true that I lost my watch at this fire, and everything except the few things I saved from my shop—I could see over the partition from where I was standing on the stairs—on the right hand corner of the shop close to the match-board the flames were working up the match
<lb/>boarding against the wall, and cm the left-hand corner was a heap of sacks against the wooden partition near the door of Portobello Road—the two flames were working up together, the ceiling was all match-boards, and they formed an archway—I could see that the Backs were on fire.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-81" type="surname" value="KEEN"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-81" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE KEEN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—on this Sunday night I went to bed just after 9—I had not been out during the evening—we had been sitting in the front room all the evening, and about 9 weal to the back room to bed—at that time I had not smelt any escape of gas or anything of the kind, all appeared to be right—after I had been in bed I heard the female prisoner knocking at my door—she called out "Jim, Jim, get up, the house is on fire"—she then went upstairs and knocked at the door there—I got up at once, and got out of the window on to the leads at the back—I did not see anything of the prisoner that night, not till next morning at 10.30—Wright and I were on finally terms—about six weeks before the fire she said to me "We have received the policy," and I saw it—I had heard that they had insured.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was about 5 or 10 minutes from the time I was first aroused till I got out into the street—I was out directly I was called; in a few minutes, I was in a great hurry, and very much confused—there was a chink in the flooring between our room and Nash's, through which I could see the light shining from the gas in the parlour—I had not been in the habit of throwing things down—I dare say the hole was about an inch or an inch and half wide, I could not say exactly—I heard Mrs. Nash knocking upstairs as I was coming down—I did not hear it more than once—I did not hear the people answer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I could see from our front room the light shining into their back parlour—it was a little hole in the floor where the wainscot was not quite finished, near the folding-doors between the two rooms—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020020"/>
<p>could see through it when the gas was alight in the prisoner's back
<lb/>parlour, I could see the light shining—I did not notice it that night—they were out when we went to bed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-82" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-82" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a journalist, and live at 196, Ladbroke Grove Road—the back of the house faces the front of 422, Portobello Road—at half-past twelve on the morning of the 16th May I was in bed in the back room ground-floor—I heard a noise like the crackling of fire—I got out of bed, looked out of the window, and saw that the shop almost oppo
<lb/>site my house was on fire—I could see through the fanlight over the shop door—I saw that the flames were reaching up both sides of the room, forming an archway—there was a blank space in the centre, a dark space—I went down-stairs as I was, without waiting to dress—I saw two men outside the shop—I at once went for the fire escape, which was about 300 yards off, at St. Michael's Church, and roused Moore, who was in charge of the escape—I assisted in taking it to the top of Ladbroke Grove Road, opposite my own door—I did not see Nash assist in fetching the escape—I did not notice any man putting on his clothes as he walked by the side of the escape.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The escape was not drawn by horses, we were pushing it as hard as we could—there were not many pushing it, I was the only one on the right-hand side—I did not send any account of this to the papers—I mentioned the matter to the manager or one of the reporters of the
<hi rend="italic">Echo</hi>—I did not write any report of it—I describe the flames as reach
<lb/>ing up both sides of the room, forming an arch—I have seen two or three fires, but I never saw one before like that—the road is about 20 yards wide—I did not know Nash before that night—I don't think it possible that he could have been assisting at the fire escape without my recognis
<lb/>ing him—he was not on my side—he might have been on the other side without my seeing him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-83" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-83" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK MOORE</persName> </hi>. I am a fireman—on the morning of 16th May I was in charge of the escape at the end of Ladbroke Grove Road—about 12.30 Mr. Harris called me, and I took the escape to 422, Portobello Road, with constables Leech and Meredith and Mr. Harris—no one else assisted—I did not see Nash there, or any man putting on his clothes near the escape—they were all dressed except Mr. Harris; he was in his trousers, I believe, without any boots or stockings—the fire had a good hold on the building when we got there—the floors were falling in, and the roof was just starting—the fire-escape was no use at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There is another fire-station in the Harrow Road; that is about a mile off—a fire-escape did come from there, and an engine and escape from Notting Hill station—I saw them arrive about 25 minutes afterwards—there was no fire-escape that arrived five minutes after—I could not say exactly the time the engine from Notting Hill arrived, but I should say about 12 or 14 minutes after me—they were of no use; the whole place was burnt—I was called at 12.30, and arrived there at 26 minutes to 1 o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-84" type="surname" value="LEECH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-84" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS LEECH</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman XR</hi> 22). I was in Portobello Road on this Monday morning about 12.15 on duty in uniform—I passed by No. 422 in front and rear; the place then seemed all right—I saw no sign of fire—about a quarter of an hour afterwards, as I was standing at the corner of Bonchurch Road, I saw the flames suddenly burst through the shutters of the shop and crawl up towards the first-floor windows—I was then</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020021"/>
<p>between 300 and 400 yards from the house—I went quickly towards the fire, and seeing some people moving about in front of the fire I ran to the fire-escape, arriving there just half a second after Mr. Harris—I and Mr. Harris and Meredith and the fireman assisted with the escape—on the way Mr. Harris, having no shoes or stockings on, complained of the stones hurting his feet, and he fell out, and a man in the uniform of a railway-guard or signalman assisted us with the escape up to the house—I found it all in flames—the flames were up to the second-floor windows—I have known Nash 13 years—I saw nothing of him at all before getting to the house; he was not in any way near the fire-escape—I remained there till the fire was put out—I can't exactly say the time it was got under—I remained there till past 6 o'clock in the morning—I did not see the bodies recovered, but I saw them going away in the shells between 2 and 3 o'clock—after they had been removed I saw Nash—he came round the corner in the direction of Mr. Sutton's, the pawnbroker's, and went to Mr. Barlow's back door—he was wearing a brown Chester
<lb/>field overcoat, buttoned up to the top, a billycock hat, trousers, and boots; he was fully dressed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had known him a long time—I know nothing against his character—I always considered him a respectable man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-85" type="surname" value="MEREDITH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-85" type="given" value="RANDALL"/>RANDALL MEREDITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 149). I assisted to fetch the fire
<lb/>escape from Ladbroke Grove Road to 422, Portobello Road—Nash was not there—I know him by sight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-86" type="surname" value="FRY"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-86" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH FRY</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, of 9, Hearn Terrace, Warrington Road, Notting Hill—on the morning of the fire, after the engines had arrived, the two prisoners came to my private door—Wright had her dress on, but no shoes or stockings and no shawl or hat—I asked her to come off the step, because of her bare feet—Nash was dressed as usual, in boots and socks—he asked Wright if she would have his socks; she refused to do so, and he said he would go and fetch her a pair of boots—he went and returned with a pair, and she put them on—she showed great distress with reference to people at the top of the house; she feared if they did not follow her directly after she knocked they did not escape.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She was in a very excited state—the man was not saying anything, only he asked her to come to his brother's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-87" type="surname" value="BOULTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-87" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>CHARLES HENRY BOULTER</persName> </hi>. I am a fireman at the Ladbroke Grove Station—on Monday morning, 16th May, I received a call at 12.44 a.m.—I went with a manual engine to 422, Portobello Road—I arrived there about 12.50—the house was then burnt right out, the floor and roof had fallen, when the fire was extinguished we searched for the bodies, and found three on the ground floor and three in the front basement—they were afterwards taken to the Kensington mortuary—I examined the ruins—the basement under the ruins was not burnt at all—there had been no fire down there whatever; only the ruins fallen in from the floor above—there was a lot of second-hand furniture there; there was a cup
<lb/>board there, but not even a panel was scorched—I afterwards examined the shop—I saw the place where the front shop joined the next house, where the fireplace had been; it was blocked up with bricks only, no mortar, to a thickness of about 16 inches—the bricks were as close together as you could stack them—no fire could come through there at all—the flue of the chimney joins the flue of the adjoining house—last night, in con
<lb/>sequence of what I heard, I examined that fireplace again—I noticed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020022"/>
<p>that some of the bricks had been removed, and a piece of quartering run through into the flue adjoining—it was my impression that that hole had been recently made, by the appearance of it—I thoroughly examined it and found that the mortar was quite fresh—the hole appeared to have been quite freshly made—there was not the slightest sign of smoke or fire—I examined the chimney belonging to the shop—there was no sign of smoke or soot adhering to it; the mortar was quite new, fresh, and clean—soon after the fire was extinguished I noticed the gas meter in the basement; it was disconnected from the supply pipe, and the gas was turned full on—one of my men turned it off—no doubt the action of the fire had caused the pipe to be disconnected from the meter—I did not know Nash before this night—I saw him in the middle of the road near the fire between 2 and 3 o'clock—he seemed to be completely dressed then—he had on a brown coat, and some sort of a plaid sear round his neck; he had a hat on and boots, and appeared to be fully dressed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The cock was turned full on, to admit the gas through the meter—the leaden pipe was all melted—the action of the fire would not turn the cock on in that way—it would melt the connecting pipe.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-88" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-88" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES TYLER</persName> </hi>. I am a greengrocer, of 3, Portobello Road—I rent No. 424, next to 422, and let it to my brother, who keeps a beershop—the, two kitchens I let to Charles Pease—the parlour adjoins the shop of 422—on Sunday, 10th of May, I was taking charge of the beershop for my brother—I had no fire in the shop all that day, nor in the parlour; we did not require it, not living there—there was only a fireplace in the parlour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-89" type="surname" value="PEASE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-89" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES PEASE</persName> </hi>. I occupy the two kitchens of 424, Portobello Road—I recollect the fire occurring on that Sunday morning—there was a fire in the front kitchen from seven o'clock to between eight and nine, but pot fire after that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-90" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-90" type="surname" value="ANDEEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-90" type="given" value="ANNE"/>ANNE ANDEEWS</persName> </hi>. I reside at 4, Branstone Street, North Kensington—in December last the prisoners came to lodge at that house—they occupied one room, for which they paid 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a week—they stayed there till they went to 422, Portobello Road—I saw the furniture which they took with them; there was an iron bedstead, two chairs (the remains of cane-bottom chairs, I think), and a deal table; that was all I saw—I never saw any fender—Wright has borrowed clothes of me—since they went to 422 I went into the shop there; I looked into the parlour as I stood in the shop; they did not seem to have any more furniture than they had in the room where they had lived.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known Mr. Keen four or five years; I lived in his house three years—I was not examined before the Magistrate—Mr. Keen did not tell me to come here; Inspector Phillips came after me—I have never spoken to Keen about this case—I was only once in the shop in Portobello Road; never in the passage or parlour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-91" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-91" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES GRAHAM</persName> </hi>. I reside at Nutting Hill—I have occasionally dealt at Nash's shop, in the Portobello Road—I proposed that he should effect a policy, and I filled up this form, from answers to questions I asked him; he signed it—I forwarded it to the Yorkshire Fire Insurance Company's office, and a policy was issued, (
<hi rend="italic">The proposal was to insure household goods for</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">trade effects</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">stock-in-trade</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I canvassed for the order—I called on him three</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020023"/>
<p>times, I think, before he consented; that is the usual custom the Insurance Offices have agents they, send round—I did not value the property; we always leave the man to do that—a man can insure for any amount, but he must prove the actual loss.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MCDONALD</hi>. I am a clerk in the Yorkshire Insurance Office—I have not brought my books with me—when a proposal is made a policy is made out from the proposal, and sent to the customer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-92" type="surname" value="WOOLLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-92" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WOOLLETT</persName> </hi>. In May I was acting as surveyor to the York
<lb/>shire Insurance Company—I received this claim, dated 5th May, from William Nash, for 79
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., in reference to a policy issued, from our, office—the first payment was made before this was sent in; it was 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the amount of payment varies according to the amount insured and the risk that is run—the amount insured is the first element.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-93" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-93" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-93" type="given" value="DANLEL"/>DANLEL MORGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector X</hi>). On Tuesday, 17th May, I saw the prisoner Nash, and he made a statement to me which I took down in writing—I read it to him; he signed it—on 23rd May I saw Wright, and she made a statement to me, which I took down, read over to her, and she signed it—at the conclusion of the inquest on 30th May I appre
<lb/>hended Nash—I told him he would be taken into custody for wilfully setting fire to his house, 422, Portobello Road, on the morning of 16th May, and causing the deaths of six people—he made no reply whatever—I took him to the police station at Notting Hill.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-94" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-94" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES PHILLIPS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector X</hi>). I apprehended Wright on the 30th after the inquest—I said I should take her into custody for being concerned in setting fire to the house in which they lived, and causing the deaths of six people; she said, "It is all through the insurance"—the day after the fire I examined the fireplace in the front shop; it was bricked up to the top in mortar and bricks, about sixteen inches thick, the; thickness of three bricks—I should say sparks could net come through—I examined it again yesterday; three courses of bricks had been taken from the top.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-95" type="surname" value="DARVILL"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-95" type="given" value="JOHN BALDWIN"/>JOHN BALDWIN DARVILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Recalled</hi>). There is the shop door, and what is called the street door; the street door opens into a passage which leads to the foot of the stairs; the stairs are thirty feet from the street door; as you enter the shop from the street, the passage is on the right hand side, and there is a door into the passage at the farther end of the shop, on a level with the parlour door—there are two doors in one partition.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that in order to establish the offence of murder there must be shown to exist malice towards the particular person killed, and an intent to kill that person; that the evidence here failed in that respect, and only justified a verdict of manslaughter: The doctrine of "constructive murder" he contended, was only founded upon a dicta, long acted upon, but not really coming within the meaning of the words</hi> "
<hi rend="italic">malice aforethought,"</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE GROVE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was clearly of opinion that the case must goto the Jury as one of murder, the argument submitted by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">being entirely contrary to the ruling always laid down by the Judges.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The following Witnesses were called for the Defence:—</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LOUISA MARIA BOND</hi>. I live at 46, Norbury Road, Notting Hill—I have known the prisoner Nash seven or eight years, and Wright about five—they were at my house on 15th May—they came about 7 and left</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020024"/>
<p>about 11—it would take them from 7 to 10 minutes to go from my house to theirs—I always found Nash to be a very respectable man, and Wright has borne a very good character: I never knew any harm of her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a dressmaker—the prisoners spent this evening with me—they were both sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-96" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-96" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES NASH</persName> </hi>. I am a cousin of the prisoner's, and on the night of the fire I was lodging at 48, Goulburn Road, Kensal New Town—between 2 and 3 o'clock Nash came to my bedroom and asked me to lend him my coat, as he had not one to wear—he had his trousers and boots on, and a cardigan jacket, no great coat—I lent him a black overcoat with a grey lining, and he left—I saw him again between 9 and 10 o'clock the follow
<lb/>ing morning.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-97" type="surname" value="FLAMME"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-97" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS FLAMME</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Hartwell Mews—I was employed by Mr. Darvill to clear the ruins of the house that was burnt; I was engaged about five or six weeks after the fire occurred—on one occasion, while working down in the cellar, I saw smoke and sparks of fire coming down the front basement from the shop—I could not say where it came from—I sung out "If anybody is there be careful"—I got no answer, and I came out of the basement and looked round, and there was nobody—Mr. Darvill used to lock me in—I saw smoke afterwards a good many times, but I only saw sparks the second day I was there—I could not exactly say how many sparks there were, I saw a good few—I did not try to find out where they came from, I never troubled my head about it at the time—there was nobody in the apartment where I was—the carpenter called my attention to the place a few weeks after; there was then a hole in the fireplace of Nash's shop, about 8 inches in length and between 4 and 5 inches in breadth—the hole was in the chimney, the fireplace was bricked up instead of a stove; the hole was above the bricks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I think it was about six or seven weeks after the fire that I went to work there—I am a professional by trade—I was not in the profession at this time, I was clearing the ruins, doing labouring work—it was while I was doing it that I saw the smoke and sparks coming down—I could not say where they came from—there were shavings about—there were no carpenters in the place then, not when I saw the smoke and sparks the first time—Mr. Darvill did not discharge me, I discharged myself; I told him I did not like to work for a gentleman that did not pay me—he did not tell me that I had charged for work that I had not done, and that I must leave—I told him if he did not pay me I would take him to the County Court—the hole in the fireplace was just above where the bricks had been put—men had been at work there since the fire—when the carpenter called me to witness it, the smoke came in my face and his—none of the workmen were using the place for warming glue or anything, that I know of—there was nobody there when I was working there, except one day another man was clearing the ruins—the carpenter's name is Ted Bowman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I cannot tell how many men were working there; sometimes there was a man and a boy—there had been a great many—I was not examined before the Coroner or the Magistrate, this is the first time I have been up—I should not have known anything about the hole if Bowman had not called me to the place.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-98" type="surname" value="MORIARTY"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-98" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND MORIARTY</persName> </hi>. I am a fruiterer and greengrocer, at 48, Goul
<lb/>burn Road—I know the house where the fire was—I have lately been</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020025"/>
<p>over it—the last time was on Wednesday—I went through the hack shop into the front shop with Flamme—I saw a hole large enough to put my head into, directly under where the mantelshelf ought to be, hut there was none—the place was in a very dilapidated condition—I felt fire; Flamme drew my attention to it; he said "Put your hand in there"—I did so, and I could not bear it in there, the heat was so great—there was only a matter of 4 1/2 inches of brickwork between the two chimneys—I saw smoke, it was going up very freely; there must have been a good fire underneath, wherever it was—I have not been in the next house—the chimney seemed full of smoke—I could not see anything but smoke; I could not see the fire, I could feel it—it was not on the same level, it was evidently below somewhere—Flamme was with me all the time, and also a carpenter—I did not see any sparks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known Nash on and off for ten or eleven years—he is my wife's brother—he did not come to live with us after the fire—we lived in the same house—I rent the house, and his mother has apart
<lb/>ments upstairs—it was last week that I saw this hole, that was the only time—it was a hole going into the chimney of the next house—it had not been recently made—the two chimneys back each other.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The first time I saw Nash after the fire was during the day when I went round to see the fire on the Monday; he came to my house the same morning, he and his wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-99" type="surname" value="PARSONS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-99" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PARSONS</persName> </hi>. I saw Keen the second day after the fire—he said he went back for his money and watch, and very near got suffocated in the smoke—he did not say whether he got it or not.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NASH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-684-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-684-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-684-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury on the ground that they considered he did not intend to take life.</hi>
<rs id="t18810802-684-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-684-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-684-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-684-18810802 t18810802-684-punishment-17"/>DEATH.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WRIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-684-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-684-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-684-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">She was also charged on two other indictments, one for arson and one for the murder of one of the other persons, upon which, no evidence being offered, a verdict of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was taken.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lindley.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-685">
<interp inst="t18810802-685" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-685" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-685-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-685-18810802 t18810802-685-offence-1 t18810802-685-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-685-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-685-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-685-18810802" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-685-18810802" type="surname" value="SLOANE"/>
<interp inst="def1-685-18810802" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SLOANE</hi> (62)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-685-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-685-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-685-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>was charged on the Coroner's Inquisi
<lb/>tion with feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18810802-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-101" type="surname" value="GEARING"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-101" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-685-offence-1 t18810802-name-101"/>Alfred Gearing</persName> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">The Grand Jury having ignored the bill</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ABRAMS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-685-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-685-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-685-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-686">
<interp inst="t18810802-686" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-686" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-686-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-686-18810802 t18810802-686-offence-1 t18810802-686-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-686-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-686-18810802" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-686-18810802" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-686-18810802" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-686-18810802" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY PALMER</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-686-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-686-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-686-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously cutting and wounding a cer
<lb/>tain female child, with intend to murder it.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-103" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-103" type="given" value="MONTAGU"/>MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-104" type="surname" value="WILKS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-104" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE WILKS</persName> </hi>. I live at 11, Crockford Street, Hoxton—in Feb
<lb/>ruary, 1880, the prisoner was brought to me by Mrs. Gulham, and asked me to take care of her child for 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week, which I agreed to—she said that she was living as kitchen-maid at the Oxford dining-rooms—I kept the child till June 11, 1881—she very seldom came to see it—she paid me the 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week regularly for the first month, and afterwards 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and then 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—I was very fond of it—she afterwards told me that she had removed from the Oxford to the Cambrian Stores; and I used to send there for my money—when she could not pay she told me it was because she could not afford to keep herself in clothes like the other servants—in April or May she came and said that she was going to take</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020026"/>
<p>the child away, but I from time to time made excuses—she said that her friend would keep it for nothing—she called for it several times; she called on Thursday evening, June 9, and wanted the child, but I made an excuse, and she said she would call the next Saturday night, which she did, and took it away between 9 and 10 o'clock—that was June 11—she said that she was going to take it to her friend at 21, Tichfield Street—I next saw it on 20th June at St. James's Workhouse, with a wound on its throat—she owed me about 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. when she took it away—she said that it was her own child.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-105" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-105" type="surname" value="BARNARD"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-105" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>SUSAN BARNARD</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Barnard, of 10, Bateman's Buildings—on 11th June, about 11.30 p.m., I saw a little child in Bate
<lb/>man's Buildings crying "Mamma, mamma"—this is the child—I saw something glitter, and found a knife sticking in its throat—I took it out and handed it to a policeman; it was covered with blood—I found a child's hood and a handkerchief in a public-house about thirty yards away, and gave them to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-106" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-106" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET LEONARD</persName> </hi>. I am a servant at the Cambrian Stores, Regent Street—the prisoner was my fellow-servant—she was there when I went there—she showed a person two knives in my presence—this is like one of them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-107" type="surname" value="CAWTELL"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-107" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CAWTELL</persName> </hi>. I am a greengrocer's porter, of 36, Bridal Lane—I have been acquainted with the prisoner ten months—she was living with me as my wife about six weeks before she was arrested—I did not know that she had a child—she used to go to work in the morning, and return in the evening—on 11th June, between 11.30 and 11.35, she came to the shop where I work and asked how long I should be—she went away till I had shut up and did not return—I went home and found her there—I was going to marry her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-108" type="surname" value="BRADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-108" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER BRADFORD</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon—on 11th June, about 11.45, I was called to the police-station to examine, this child; and found a small wound in her neck behind the left jaw, apparently caused by a sharp instrument such as this penknife—it was in the vicinity of the jugular vein, and if it had touched it it would have been fatal.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-109" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-109" type="surname" value="TURPIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-109" type="given" value="NEWMAN"/>NEWMAN TURPIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>): On 20th June, at 10.30 p.m., I saw Wilks and the prisoner speaking together in Bridal Lane—I said to Wilks "Is this the mother of the child you have seen in the workhouse?"—she said "Yes"—I said to the prisoner "I am a police officer, and shall take you in custody for trying to kill the child by stabbing it in the neck with a penknife"—she made no answer for two or three seconds; she then said "You don't want to show me up in the street; let me go and get my hat and jacket"—she did so, and I took her to the station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-110" type="surname" value="GAMESTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-110" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD GAMESTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). On 11th June Barnard handed me this knife; it had blood on it; I gave it to the inspector—the child was bleeding under her left jaw.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-111" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-111" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BENNETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). On 11th June I received this knife from Pope at the station, and, handed it over to Turpin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in a written defence stated that she was confined in the work-house, and found out that the father of her child, though he had promised her marriage, was a married man; that when she took it from the nurse, not being able to pay for it, she laid it down by the side of the Women's Hospital, thinking it would be taken care of, but had not the heart to hurt it much.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-686-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-686-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-686-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury.—
<rs id="t18810802-686-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-686-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-686-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-686-18810802 t18810802-686-punishment-18"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020027"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>; 1881.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-687">
<interp inst="t18810802-687" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-687" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-687-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-687-18810802 t18810802-687-offence-1 t18810802-687-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-687-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-687-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-687-18810802" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-687-18810802" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-687-18810802" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CHARLES FREDERICK JONES</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-687-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-687-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-687-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Embez
<lb/>zling various sums amounting to 108
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. received by him on account of his master's,
<persName id="t18810802-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-113" type="surname" value="WHITAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-113" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-687-offence-1 t18810802-name-113"/>George Whitaker</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TICKSLL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIS</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The circumstances of this case showing a very great complication of accounts, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">suggested that it would be difficult to expect a Jury to convict; in order to prove embezzlement the appropriation of particular sums must be shown, and not a general deficiency. Upon this intimation</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">did not press the ease, and the Jury found the prisoner.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-687-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-687-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-687-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-688">
<interp inst="t18810802-688" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-688" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-688-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-688-18810802 t18810802-688-offence-1 t18810802-688-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-688-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-688-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-688-18810802" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-688-18810802" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CHARLES FREDERICK JONES</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18810802-688-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-688-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-688-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> in
<lb/>dicted for embezzling 26
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and other sums, upon which no evidence was offered.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-688-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-688-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-688-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-689">
<interp inst="t18810802-689" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-689" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-689-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-689-18810802 t18810802-689-offence-1 t18810802-689-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-689-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-689-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-689-18810802" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-689-18810802" type="surname" value="OFFOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-689-18810802" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY OFFOR</hi> (21)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-689-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-689-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-689-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18810802-689-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-689-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-689-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> stealing 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., of
<persName id="t18810802-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-116" type="surname" value="WINTERBURN"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-689-offence-1 t18810802-name-116"/>John Winterburn</persName> and others, his masters.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-689-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-689-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-689-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-689-18810802 t18810802-689-punishment-19"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-690">
<interp inst="t18810802-690" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-690" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-690-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-690-18810802 t18810802-690-offence-1 t18810802-690-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-690-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-690-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-690-18810802" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-690-18810802" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-690-18810802" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER JONES</hi>** (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-690-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-690-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-690-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>to stealing 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of
<persName id="t18810802-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-118" type="surname" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-118" type="given" value="LEON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-690-offence-1 t18810802-name-118"/>Leon David</persName>, from his person, having been convicted of felony at this Court in May, 1879.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-690-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-690-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-690-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-690-18810802 t18810802-690-punishment-20"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.
<rs id="t18810802-690-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-690-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-690-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-691">
<interp inst="t18810802-691" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-691" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-691-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-691-18810802 t18810802-691-offence-1 t18810802-691-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-691-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-691-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-691-18810802" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-691-18810802" type="surname" value="PEARMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-691-18810802" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PEAR
<lb/>MAN</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-691-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-691-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-691-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>to stealing a purse and 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., of
<persName id="t18810802-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-120" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-120" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-691-offence-1 t18810802-name-120"/>Richard W. Nicholls</persName>, from the person of
<persName id="t18810802-name-121" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-121" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-121" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-121" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-691-offence-1 t18810802-name-121"/>Emily Nicholls</persName> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-691-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-691-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-691-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-691-18810802 t18810802-691-punishment-21"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour</rs>.
<rs id="t18810802-691-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-691-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-691-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-692">
<interp inst="t18810802-692" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-692" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-692-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-692-18810802 t18810802-692-offence-1 t18810802-692-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-692-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-692-18810802 t18810802-692-offence-1 t18810802-692-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-692-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-692-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-692-18810802" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-692-18810802" type="surname" value="BURCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-692-18810802" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BURCH</hi> (29)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-692-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-692-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-692-18810802" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-692-18810802" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def2-692-18810802" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SMITH</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-692-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-692-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-692-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> to stealing a watch of
<persName id="t18810802-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-124" type="surname" value="FURLONG"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-124" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-692-offence-1 t18810802-name-124"/>John Furlong</persName>, from his person, and a watch from the person of
<persName id="t18810802-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-125" type="surname" value="BALL"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-125" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-692-offence-1 t18810802-name-125"/>Thomas Ball</persName> </rs>, Burch having been convicted in February, 1873, at this Court (
<hi rend="italic">See Fourth Court, Friday</hi>).
<rs id="t18810802-692-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-692-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-692-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-693">
<interp inst="t18810802-693" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-693" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-693-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-693-18810802 t18810802-693-offence-1 t18810802-693-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-693-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-693-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-693-18810802" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-693-18810802" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-693-18810802" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD COOPER</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-693-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-693-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-693-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a watch of
<persName id="t18810802-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-127" type="surname" value="DICKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-127" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-693-offence-1 t18810802-name-127"/>Thomas Dickins</persName>, from the person of
<persName id="t18810802-name-128" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-128" type="surname" value="DICKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-128" type="given" value="CAROLINE MALVINA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-693-offence-1 t18810802-name-128"/>Caroline Malvina Dickins</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEWART WHITE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-129" type="surname" value="DICKLNS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-129" type="given" value="CAROLINE MALVINA"/>CAROLINE MALVINA DICKLNS</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Sussex Place, New Southgate—on Saturday, 23rd July, about 7 p.m., I was outside an omnibus coming to Farringdon Station—the prisoner sat next me—he got off abruptly and I missed my watch—the chain was hanging—I said "That man has got my watch"—I got down as quickly as possible and got hold of his arm—he said "You are wrong, I am not the man"—I said "You are; you have 'got my watch"—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is worth about 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he was taken in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot say how many were outside—I did not talk to any one—I said at the police-court that it happened about 5 o'clock—I was mistaken—I never felt him take it—my depositions were read over to me and I signed them—a little girl, who is a witness, said to me "There is your watch, he has thrown it there"—I saw it quite plainly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-130" type="surname" value="HELLAM"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-130" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HELLAM</persName> </hi>. I live at 6, Atfield Street, Goswell Road—I was selling newspapers at the corner of Farringdon Street and saw the '
<hi rend="italic">bus</hi> come up, I stepped on it as usual, and saw the prisoner sitting by the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020028"/>
<p>side of the lady—he got down, and the lady felt for her watch and it was gone, and she got down and caught hold of him and said "I want my watch"—he went round the other side of the
<hi rend="italic">'bus</hi> and threw it from his sleeve under the
<hi rend="italic">'bus.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I jumped off the
<hi rend="italic">'bus</hi> because there was no one inside—there might have been one more person on the lady's side of the '
<hi rend="italic">bus.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-131" type="surname" value="WELCH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-131" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET WELCH</persName> </hi>. I am 13—I sell flowers, and was at the corner of Ludgate Circus on this night—I saw the prisoner take a watch out of his sleeve and throw it under the
<hi rend="italic">'bus.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was about 7.20 p.m.; I know that by a clock opposite—I heard the lady halloa out "You have got my watch."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-132" type="surname" value="UDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-132" type="given" value="THOMAS CHARLES"/>THOMAS CHARLES UDALL</persName> </hi>. I am a Congregational minister—I was coming from the railway station and I heard the prosecutrix say to the prisoner "I have lost my watch; you have got my watch"—there was a little confusion, and directly after I saw the watch lying under the omnibus near the front wheel—this was about 7.20.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-133" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-133" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY TAYLOR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Officer</hi> 819). I took the prisoner—the watch was handed to me by the prosecutrix.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-693-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-693-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-693-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-693-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-693-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-693-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-693-18810802 t18810802-693-punishment-22"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-694">
<interp inst="t18810802-694" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-694" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-694-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-694-18810802 t18810802-694-offence-1 t18810802-694-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-694-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-694-18810802 t18810802-694-offence-1 t18810802-694-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-694-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-694-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-694-18810802" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-694-18810802" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-694-18810802" type="given" value="ROBERT BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT BENJAMIN BROWN</hi> (22)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-694-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-694-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-694-18810802" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-694-18810802" type="surname" value="LABE"/>
<interp inst="def2-694-18810802" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES LABE</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-694-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-694-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-694-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, Breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810802-name-136" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-136" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-136" type="given" value="WILLIAM JACOB"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-694-offence-1 t18810802-name-136"/>William Jacob Morris</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-137" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-137" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>. I live at 19, West Block, Peabody Buildings, Westminster, and am a lamplighter—I was in South Audley Street on the morning of 28th June, putting out the lights—I saw three young men who I cannot swear to—I heard a smash like a shutter going down—I met a policeman, made a communication to him, and went back with him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-138" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-138" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROBINSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 168). On the morning of 28th June I apprehended the prisoners from a description given by Smith—I went to the Marquis of Granby public-house, found the fanlight had been torn down, and its two iron chains broken—the glass was not broken—I took the prisoners about 50 yards from the public-house—Labe said he was out of it, and made a dart out of my grasp—I called another constable, and he was brought back in a quarter of an hour—Brown said he was a fool for doing it—I took them to the station, where two skeleton keys and two pocket knives were found on Brown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-139" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-139" type="given" value="WILLIAM JACOB"/>WILLIAM JACOB MORRIS</persName> </hi>. I keep the Marquis of Granby, 28, South Audley Street—I went to bed on 28th June, at 1.45 a.m.—the fanlight over the door was left about 1 1/2 inches open for ventilation—it was secured by two strong chains inside—at about 2.20 I was aroused by Robinson, and found the fanlight torn down, and the two chains snapped asunder.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners' Statements before the Magistrate. Brown says</hi>: "I was coming from Covent Garden, through Glasshouse Street, into the square. We went through some stables and by a church, when a constable said he wanted us, and I said 'What for?' and he said 'Nothing.' He took us to the corner of the street and I asked what was the matter, and he said 'Nothing.' As we were waiting this man attempted to run and the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020029"/>
<p>constable went after him. The constable rang the bell of the house. He did not tell us the charge till we got to the station—one of the keys is my street door key; the other is broken."
<hi rend="italic">Labe says</hi>: "I have nothing more to say than Brown says."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-694-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-694-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-694-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-695">
<interp inst="t18810802-695" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-695" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-695-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-695-18810802 t18810802-695-offence-1 t18810802-695-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-695-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-695-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-695-18810802" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-695-18810802" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-695-18810802" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WOOD</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-695-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-695-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-695-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810802-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-141" type="surname" value="VANNICROP"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-141" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-695-offence-1 t18810802-name-141"/>Edward Vannicrop</persName>, and stealing therein seven coats and other articles, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-142" type="surname" value="VANNICROP"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-142" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD VANNICROP</persName> </hi>. I live at 58, Compton Road, Islington, and am a cattle salesman—on 23rd May, about 6 a.m., one of my servants made a communication to me and I went downstairs and examined the house—I found the staircase window open and missed seven coats, in which were a pipe and card case and some other little things—the value altogether was about 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—this is the property (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I should say the window was fastened, it is always as a rule.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-143" type="surname" value="NUTKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-143" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES NUTKINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective N</hi>). About 2.30 a.m. on 4th June I went to the prisoner's, in College Street, Islington, and told him I should take him for breaking into 58, Compton Road—I cautioned him, and he made a statement which I took down—he said "I was sleeping in a baker's van, and Woodward called me and said 'I have got seven coats,' and we went to the pawnbroker's the same morning and pawned one for 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and took another to a shop in Petticoat Lane, and the tobacco box and pipe were sold at Red Hill. We went to Brighton." The charge was read over to him and he said there was a silver flask at Brighton—I made inquiry and found his statement true in every particular—Woodward is the son of an auctioneer living next door to the prosecutor.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He has gone to sea—his parents sent him away to avoid arrest—his father said he thought it his duty to avoid disgrace.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner.</hi> I did not see Woodward come out of the prosecutor's house; I saw him come out of his own house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-695-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-695-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-695-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-696">
<interp inst="t18810802-696" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-696" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-696-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-696-18810802 t18810802-696-offence-1 t18810802-696-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-696-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-696-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-696-18810802" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-696-18810802" type="surname" value="MARNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-696-18810802" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK MARNEY</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-696-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-696-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-696-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a handkerchief of
<persName id="t18810802-name-145" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-145" type="surname" value="HILDICK"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-145" type="given" value="JOSEPH FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-696-offence-1 t18810802-name-145"/>Joseph Francis Hildick</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-146" type="surname" value="HILDICK"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-146" type="given" value="JOSEPH FRANCIS"/>JOSEPH FRANCIS HILDICK</persName> </hi>. On 11th July I was walking with my wife in Lower Thames Street—I had a silk handkerchief in my pocket—my wife called my attention to something and, I missed my handkerchief, and I saw the prisoner in the act of dashing it to the ground—he went from my sight, but I believe him to be the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I would not swear to you because I had not a full view of your face.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-147" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-147" type="surname" value="HILDICK"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-147" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET HILDICK</persName> </hi>. I saw the prisoner put his hand into my husband's pocket and take this handkerchief (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I took hold of him, and he dropped it and ran away—the prisoner is the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-148" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-148" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CROSS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 793). I was in Lower Thames Street and heard a shout, and I saw the prisoner run between the lady and gentle
<lb/>man.—I have known the prisoner for years—I followed him ana took him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I plead guilty to it."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I did not plead guilty to it at all. I have worked hard all my life, and am quite innocent of the crime.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-696-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-696-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-696-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020030"/>
<hi rend="italic">March</hi>, 1876,
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-696-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-696-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-696-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-696-18810802 t18810802-696-punishment-23"/>at Ckrhnwell, in the name of John Cronin.—Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-697">
<interp inst="t18810802-697" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-697" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-697-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-697-18810802 t18810802-697-offence-1 t18810802-697-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-697-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-697-18810802" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-697-18810802" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-697-18810802" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-697-18810802" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUISA CURTIS</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-697-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-697-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-697-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a Post
<lb/>office order for the payment of 24
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-150" type="surname" value="PONTTNG"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-150" type="given" value="FANNY"/>FANNY PONTTNG</persName> </hi>. I am single, and am in the habit of receiving Post-office orders from the country every fortnight—I had four or five of my letters addressed to the prisoner's house—I have known her about three months—I went to her about 21st June to ask her for a letter, and afterwards met her in the street—I asked her if she had got a letter for me; she said she had received it, but had lost it out of her pocket—I told her I would come and see her at 10 o'clock, if possible, on Sunday, or on Monday morning at 9—I went on Monday at 9, and asked her if she had found it—she said a little boy had brought it, and she gave him a penny for it—I asked her what she had done with the order; she said she had changed it at a pawnbroker's, Mr. Button's—I asked her what she had done with the money; she said two women had stolen it out of her pocket—I never authorised her to sign my name, or any name, on the Post-office order; nor did I ever lead her to believe that she might do it—she had never done it before—the writing on this Post-office order is not mine (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It does not bear the slightest resemblance to my writing—the prisoner never lent me a shilling; she gave me twopence—she said she lost the money at the Feathers—I do not use the Feathers—she said she went to the public-house after she lost the letter—we were friendly together—I said if she did not get the money during the day I should have to lock her up—I do not complain about the Post-office order being cashed, but my not getting the money—she said that she kept receiving the letters a secret from her husband—she never lent me any money before that twopence—I believe she knew who I received the Post-office orders from—I mentioned the name of my aunt—she offered to get me a shilling or two until she recovered the money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-151" type="surname" value="ELDRED"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-151" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ELDRED</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Mr. Sutton, pawnbroker, of 17, Stockbridge Terrace, Pimlico—on 18th June the prisoner came into the shop and asked me if I would change a Post-office order for £14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., which I did—I did not know her name, and did not ask her—I asked who sent the order, she told me the name that is written on the order—I cannot be certain whether it was written on the order when she brought it to me—I did not see her sign it in the shop—I passed it through the National Bank on the following Monday—they knew in the shop what her name was—she has brought things there—I do not know her address—I believe she lives in the neighbourhood.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-152" type="surname" value="READIE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-152" type="given" value="LEWELLYN"/>LEWELLYN READIE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Money Order Department of the Post-office—I produce this Post-office order.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-153" type="surname" value="WILCOX"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-153" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WILCOX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B</hi> 118). I apprehended the prisoner and told her the charge—she told me she
<hi rend="italic">done</hi> it out of kindness towards the prosecutrix.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe I said that before the Magistrate—I have been in the force four years—I believe the prisoner is a respectable woman, and has not been in trouble before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-697-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-697-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-697-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-698">
<interp inst="t18810802-698" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-698" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-698-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-698-18810802 t18810802-698-offence-1 t18810802-698-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020031"/>
<persName id="def1-698-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-698-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-698-18810802" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-698-18810802" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-698-18810802" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CLARKE</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-698-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-698-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-698-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, Breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810802-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-155" type="surname" value="EMERY"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-155" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-698-offence-1 t18810802-name-155"/>William Emery</persName>, and stealing two dresses and other goods, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-156" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-156" type="surname" value="EMERY"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-156" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE EMERY</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Emery, of Popham Street, Islington—I was the last up on 28th June—I fastened all the doors and windows when I went to bed—I got up next morning about 7 o'clock and entered the front parlour at about 7.45, and missed a dress which I had bought the evening before and left on the sofa—I then missed a large shade of wax fruit and a dress which had been hanging on the door, and my husband's dress coat, value altogether about 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—they were all safe the night before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I did not see you at the house—I have not seen you pass the house—the drawers had not been touched—you could have taken a good many more things—this is my stand (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-157" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-157" type="surname" value="MASTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-157" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH MASTERS</persName> </hi>. I live at 40, Paradise Place, Islington—some
<lb/>body called me on the morning of the 29th—I went out at the street door and saw the prisoner putting this shade of fruit into a sack—I told him he should not have brought such disgrace round my door—I knew him by sight—he had a parcel with him—he went round the corner up Pickering Street, and I ran after him in my chemise—my house is not far from the prosecutor's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen you working in a stable—you did not tell me you found the shade at Mr. Butler's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-158" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-158" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I live at 8, Pickering Street, Islington—the prisoner lodged with me—I went into my parlour one morning, and saw a glass shade—I saw the prisoner at 11 o'clock, and asked him how it came there—he said, I went round this morning, and saw the glass shade in the yard; I thought it would get broken, and that in the morning somebody might be glad of it, and give me a few halfpence for taking care of it"—my wife found the stand in the yard.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You have been working in the yard for three months—I always found you just and honest.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-159" type="surname" value="NUTKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-159" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES NUTKINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective N</hi>). I took the prisoner at 4 p.m. on 29th June—I told him the charge—he said, "Very well, I will go with you"—he said he lived at 8, Pickering Street; he said, "There is nothing there," but I went there and found this stand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-698-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-698-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-698-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-699">
<interp inst="t18810802-699" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-699" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-699-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-699-18810802 t18810802-699-offence-1 t18810802-699-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-699-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-699-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-699-18810802" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-699-18810802" type="surname" value="WALTEES"/>
<interp inst="def1-699-18810802" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST WALTEES</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-699-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-699-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-699-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t18810802-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-161" type="surname" value="BRAND"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-161" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-699-offence-1 t18810802-name-161"/>Jacob</persName> and
<persName id="t18810802-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-162" type="surname" value="BRAND"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-162" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-699-offence-1 t18810802-name-162"/>Isaac Brand</persName> 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by false pretences.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, for making a false declaration.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KISH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGHAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-163" type="surname" value="BRAND"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-163" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB BRAND</persName> </hi>. I manage the business of a bill discounter at 82, Le
<lb/>man Street, Whitechapel—in February the prisoner applied to me for a loan of 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. upon the security of house furniture and a sole-sewing machine for boots—I asked him if the property was paid for—he said "Yes"—as there was not much furniture in the place I asked him if the machine was paid for, as that seemed to be the principal security—he said "Yes," and he would produce the receipt for it; he afterwards produced this receipt at the office: "September 14, 1880. Received of Mr. E. Walters the sum of 75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the Black and Goodear Boot and Shoe Machine Company, Limited. H. Pocock"—I advanced him 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in notes</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020032"/>
<p>and gold, and he made this declaration, and signed it in the presence of Mr. Archer, solicitor, who is here, and myself—the second paragraph says, "The whole of the household furniture, fixtures, books, plate, linen, china, goods and chattels, sewing-machine by Black (No. 56), now in and about the house and premises aforesaid, and which. I am this day about to assign and mortgage to Isaac Brand to secure 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., are my sole and absolute property, nor is any part thereof in any way entailed or charged"—it was explained to him before he signed it—the 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was the sum to be repaid for the 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by weekly instalments of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I have the bill of sale—he paid about 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. In instalments—he afterwards received a notice from the Black and Goodear Machine Company, and they claimed the machine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We advance money; it is a loan office—we advertise in the papers; I have not the advertisement with me; it is to the effect that we will advance money, not to the effect that we will help tradesmen in difficulties on easy instalments and low interest—it appears in the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Chronicle</hi>—the loan of 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was to extend over twelve months—I believe we charged half a guinea for the visit to the house; I cannot say whether it was a guinea—I gave the prisoner 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cash—the half-guinea would be paid afterwards, and added to the amount—our office is about half a mile from the prisoner's house, and I could have gone there by tram for 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—we charge for going down and taking the valuation—I may have been there half an hour or an hour—I have been in business about 18 months, and have had several transactions with large and small tradesmen—I have heard of the hire system—there was very little furni
<lb/>ture in the room—it was an expensive machine; I took it as paid for, or I should not have advanced 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of furniture—I first saw the receipt when he brought it to the office, before I advanced the money—it was never arranged that he should have the money at 10 per cent., and pay it back by weekly instalments of 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. each—our terms are according to the amount—I did not say, "It is very late, we have been waiting to go out; there is the money ready for you"—the papers are never completely filled in beforehand—I suppose the interview lasted half an hour—I never said to him, "Don't stop to read this now, but come up in the morning at 10 o'clock, as there will be plenty of time then," and he did not say that he would—I asked him for the receipt in case of any claim arising—on my oath I did not suppose that the machine was not paid for—we always take the receipts so that we shall know the articles are paid for—the declaration is taken before a Commissioner—the prisoner failed in paying the instalments for three weeks before we went into possession—he did not offer to pay 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he did not say after the broker was in possession that he had the money; we never refuse money—there was no arrangement to take 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the broker's expenses—it was on the faith of the machine and the goods that I lent the money, the machine would not be worth 50/. if it went into the market.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> That is our advertisement in the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Chronicle</hi>, "Money advanced without sureties or publicity at a few hours' notice," &c.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-164" type="surname" value="ARCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-164" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD ARCHER</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of Peckham Eye and Great Pres
<lb/>cott Street, and am a commissioner to administer oaths—this declaration was made before me—I know nothing about the advance—this is the signature of the party who described himself by that name—I read the declaration to him and said, "It is the same penalty, if not true, as if</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020033"/>
<p>you committed perjury"—I took my fee of 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I said, "That is your name and handwriting, and the contents of the declaration are true, in pursuance of the Act of Parliament"—he said "Yes," and signed it—I did not attest the bill of sale.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I think I have made one or two declarations before for Mr. Brand—I swear a great many affidavits in the course of the day—I certainly did explain to the prisoner the contents of the declaration—the goods are enumerated in the bill of sale—that I know nothing about—I do not remember the prisoner's face; I cannot say. whether the prisoner is the person—I did not see him till I saw him in the police-court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-165" type="surname" value="POCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-165" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED POCOCK</persName> </hi>. I am accountant to Messrs. Black and Goodear, boot and shoe manufacturers—this receipt is signed by me—the prisoner about the date of that receipt paid me 25/.—the manager entered into a transaction with him for the hire of a machine—he is not called—the receipt has been altered; it is a very bad "75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.;" it was not altered with my authority or sanction.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. is in my writing, and the 75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. is not—the prisoner has paid me another 5/. since—he transferred the machine to another man—we have nothing to do with the prisoner now—the agree
<lb/>ment was transferred to some mend of his on 6th May, 1881—there had not been more than 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. paid on the machine when I gave the receipt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It is a machine for attaching soles to the uppers; they are greatly used by shoe manufacturers in London; they are expensive; we generally have a good number let out on the hire system to men in small businesses; that is generally known to men in the trade.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-166" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-166" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G R</hi> 13). I apprehended the prisoner on 22nd July—I told him he would have to go with me for receiving 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. under false pretences—he said that he altered the 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to 75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have made inquiry about him; he has gone through a lot of trouble; his wife has had typhoid fever, and there is misery at home.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-167" type="surname" value="DOBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-167" type="given" value="JAMES METCALFE"/>JAMES METCALFE DOBSON</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, and attested this bill of sale on 17th February—I went through it with the prisoner, and examined it clause by clause—before the execution the inventory was upon the bill of sale, in which the sewing-machine is specifically referred to—he appeared to understand the nature of the instrument.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot swear that I read the inventory to him, but he went over it himself before he signed it—this took place at Mr. Brand's office at the time the money was advanced, and when the bill of sale was signed—I am Mr. Brand's solicitor, and have known him about 10 years—I do not think he has done a bill of sale since he commenced business, without my attesting it—the declaration was read through to him in my presence on the same occasion by Mr. Archer—I am not a commissioner to administer oaths—I saw the receipt the day the money was advanced—the money might have been paid over a few minutes before or after I saw the receipt—it was in notes and gold—it is usual for Mr. Brand to count out the money before the borrower—I did not hear that a guinea was charged for the visit; I heard something about "preliminary expenses"—a man has been prosecuted and convicted for swindling Mr. Brand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-699-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-699-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-699-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-700">
<interp inst="t18810802-700" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-700" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-700-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-700-18810802 t18810802-700-offence-1 t18810802-700-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020034"/>
<persName id="def1-700-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-700-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-700-18810802" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-700-18810802" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST WALTERS</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="italic">was again indicted
<rs id="t18810802-700-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-700-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-700-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> for unlawfully altering a receipt</rs>, upon which</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KISH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-700-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-700-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-700-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, August</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1881.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lindley.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-701">
<interp inst="t18810802-701" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-701" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-701-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-701-18810802 t18810802-701-offence-1 t18810802-701-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-701-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-701-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-701-18810802" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-701-18810802" type="surname" value="PIAZZI"/>
<interp inst="def1-701-18810802" type="given" value="MARTINI"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARTINI PIAZZI</hi> (36)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18810802-701-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-701-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-701-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>for a rape on
<persName id="t18810802-name-170" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-170" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-170" type="surname" value="STAWTE"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-170" type="given" value="ALICE JOANNA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-701-offence-1 t18810802-name-170"/>Alice Joanna Stawte</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CROOME</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BRINDLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-701-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-701-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-701-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-701-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-701-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-701-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-701-18810802 t18810802-701-punishment-24"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-702">
<interp inst="t18810802-702" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-702" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-702-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-702-18810802 t18810802-702-offence-1 t18810802-702-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-702-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-702-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-702-18810802" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-702-18810802" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-702-18810802" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT WEBSTER</hi> (15)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18810802-702-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-702-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-702-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/> for b—st—y.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. H. C. RICHARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-702-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-702-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-702-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-703">
<interp inst="t18810802-703" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-703" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-703-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-703-18810802 t18810802-703-offence-1 t18810802-703-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-703-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-703-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-703-18810802" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-703-18810802" type="surname" value="O'CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-703-18810802" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-703-18810802" type="occupation" value="soldier"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES O'CONNOR</hi> </persName> (22,
<hi rend="italic">soldier</hi>).
<rs id="t18810802-703-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-703-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-703-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>Rape on
<persName id="t18810802-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-173" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-173" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-173" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-703-offence-1 t18810802-name-173"/>Annie Gilbert</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BRINDLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEVEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-703-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-703-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-703-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-704">
<interp inst="t18810802-704" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-704" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-704-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-704-18810802 t18810802-704-offence-1 t18810802-704-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-704-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-704-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-704-18810802" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-704-18810802" type="surname" value="TADFORD HICKIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-704-18810802" type="given" value="PATRICK "/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK TADFORD HICKIE</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-704-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-704-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-704-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>, Feloniously sending a letter to the
<persName id="t18810802-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-175" type="surname" value="FORSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-175" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-704-offence-1 t18810802-name-175"/>Right Hon. William Edward Forster</persName>, threatening to murder him.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. M. SULLIVAN</hi>, M.P.,
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-176" type="surname" value="LITTLECHILD"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-176" type="given" value="JOHN GEORGE"/>JOHN GEORGE LITTLECHILD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). On 10th July I went to 12, Upper Woburn Place, in consequence of an anonymous letter which had been received by the Commissioners of Police; it contained another letter—I saw the prisoner there and showed him the letters, he looked at them—I did not read the anonymous letter to him, but I did the other—I allowed him to read what he liked—these are the letters. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "7th July, 1881. Dear Sir,—I think it only just to bring under your notice the following. There is a young gentleman named Patrick T. Hickie, stopping at No. 12, Upper Woburn Place, W.C., just come from Ireland. I happened to be in a public-house at Brixton a day or two ago; he and two others of the same appearance, also I think, they are Irish too by their accent. They were in a private compartment. I heard Hickie say to one of his companions, 'You, John, must come with me on the night I am to Bhoot that bloody tyrant Buckshot Forster.' They were whispering. He also said, 'Make the cartridges yourself, John, and load your six-chamber; you know we may have to use all chambers to escape; mine is only a four-chamber; it will be good enough for Forster; when it was for Boyd he swore it was a gun I had; it was a revolver. Did not we escape well? Poor Phelans suffered.' At this they all shook hands, and said, '
<hi rend="italic">God save Ireland.'</hi> They were half gone with liquor. I found the enclosed, which they dropped in the shop when leaving. Yesterday evening I saw Hickie in Euston Road, and I followed him the address I give you, and found out his name to be the same as is to the letter he dropped. I was not going to take any notice of it until I told my brother, who requested me to inform the police. I am sure he is a Land Leaguer from Dublin. You ought to watch him. He is tall, wears a soft American hat, long overcoat, with velvet cuffs and collar, and dark pants. You will see by the letter that he is to do</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020035"/>
<p>the act on Sunday next. Look after him at once, before it is too late. I am, dear Sir,
<hi rend="smallCaps">AN HONEST ENGLISHMAN</hi>." "12, Upper Woburn Place, opposite St. Pancras, 3rd July, 1881. Dear Malachi,—I will be pre
<lb/>pared on Sunday next. I will watch him when coming from his prayers; if I do not get a chance then I will watch him on Monday night. John is to accompany me. We must kill him out at any rate, there is no use in doing it and not killing him then and there. I wrote to Paris and Dublin to-day. Now is our time. Forster is to live or I to die. God save Ireland. Your affectionate brother,
<hi rend="smallCaps">PATRICK T. HICKIE</hi>. P.S.—John is to make the cartridges. 'I have the R. that shot old Bloody Bones, you know who I mean. Remember, if I do fail, I will get a bullet myself. P. T. H"
<hi rend="italic">Addressed</hi>, "The Chief of Police, Whitehall Place, Westminster. Very important."
<hi rend="italic">Post-mark</hi>, "July 8, 1881."—I was accompanied by another officer—I told the prisoner we were police officers, and asked him what he meant by writing such letters—he said, "Why would I write those letters?"—I took from a table close by a document on which was some writing, and said, "Who wrote that?"—he looked closely at it and said, "I did"—I said, "It is very evident whoever wrote that wrote these letters"—I pointed to some writing paper in a small pad, and said, "Here is some similar paper to that on which the letters are written"—he said, "Yes; it is"—he said that he had been in communication with the police, and showed me some printed forms to be filled up by candidates for the police—I said, "I see that you have been applying to join the police"—he said, "Yes"—I said, "In the name of O'Connor, a false name"—he said that he did not think there was any harm in that, and showed me this draft letter, which he said he was just about to forward to the Commissioners of Police. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated that he was fairly educated, and was the son of a solicitor in Dublin, and referring to his uncle, John Hickie, of</hi> 127,
<hi rend="italic">Leadenhall Street, and return
<lb/>ing the forms filled up. Signed, William P. O'Connor.</hi>) I asked him if that was his writing—he said, "Yes"—I compared it with the letter of 7th July, and pointed out to him the similarity of the writing; it was undoubtedly the same, but he still said that he did not write it—I said that it was perfectly clear that he had written the letters, and he had better not do so again, or he would get himself into serious trouble—I afterwards received from Superintendent Williamson the letter of 14th July, the subject of this indictment; I have compared it with the admitted writing of the prisoner of July 3rd and 7th, and in my opinion they are in the same writing, the characteristics are so marked—I received instructions on 18th July to arrest the prisoner, and did so on the 19th in the Old Kent Road—I was watching, and saw him come from Silvan Grove—I told him I was about to take him in custody for maliciously writing and forwarding a letter to Mr. Forster threatening to kill him—he said, "Do you mean the letter you showed me the other night?"—I said, "Not only that but another, which I will show you at the proper place"—I took him to King Street, Westminster, and showed him this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">This was headed</hi>"Death,"
<hi rend="italic">with a drawing of a pistol, a skull and bones, and a tombstone inscribed, "In memory of Buckshot Foster, M.P. R.I.P."</hi>"London, 14th July, 1881. Sir,—I deem it proper to give you a chance of saving your life. The only chance you have is to release the prisoners whom have been arrested under your infernal Coercion Act, and resign the office you hold as Chief Secretary for Ireland forthwith.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020036"/>
<p>You know well the base way you have acted towards Ireland and her people, for which you long ago earned the bullet which you will get if you do not take this opportunity. I will, if you are man enough, meet you in the field, and then let the case be decided "you or I." I request an answer on or before Saturday next, to be sent to the following address, to say whether you will meet me or resign the post of Chief Secretary for Ireland, or else die like a dog. I request that you will keep this letter private and confidential, and make it known to no one except your seconds. God save Ireland. P. and H. Address, Post-office, Old Kent Road, for William Patrick O'Connor. The Eight Hon. W. E. Forster, M.P., 80, Eccleston Square." He said, "Who said I wrote that letter?"—I said, "You will be charged with it"—he said, "I can prove I did not write it; it is not my writing"—I found these two scraps of paper on him, they appear to be in the same writing as the other documents.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The names of Hickie and O'Connor appeared on them.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I first went to see the prisoner on Saturday night; I think it was the 10th—I did not go to arrest him, but to caution him against writing these threatening letters—I had no authority to arrest him—I have cautioned people before—I thought him intelligent and smart, just fit for the police, but I did not go on that account—I had not received letters in which he introduced the names of his friends, nor did I go to them and say "Send this flighty young
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> out of the country"—I was not acting on my own responsibility—since he has been in custody I have seen his father in Dublin, who told me that he had destroyed some briefs and legal documents which were entrusted to him, and had taken the safe out of the wall and sold it, and he thought none but a road man would do such a thing, and that he came home drunk and went down on his knees and prayed for his departed mother, and then jumped up and threatened to assassinate his father—what his father chiefly told me was that he was a disreputable scoundrel, who could not by any means speak the truth, that his mother was subject to fits, and he thought there was a little of his mother's blood in him—I told all that to the proper authorities—the prisoner answered all my questions fairly—I took no papers but what he gave me voluntarily, the draft letter to the Commissioners of Police, and a letter to his sister, I think, in which he begs her not to disclose his whereabouts or he will be ruined—I also brought away a photograph of Robert Emmett—I was present when he went to the Commissioners' office after my visit, and I thought whether he wanted to be arrested or not he very soon would be—he then asked me for a number of letters which I had taken away, and I referred him to the chief office—I searched the prisoner's room at his own request—I asked him if he had got a revolver; he said "No, you can search me, and search my place and my luggage," and I searched and there was no revolver.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-177" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-177" type="given" value="HORACE"/>HORACE WEST</persName> </hi>. I am one of the priyate secretaries to Mr. Forster, the Chief Secretary for Ireland—I received this letter of 14th July by post on the 15th, addressed to Mr. Forster—I opened it, read it, and showed it to Mr. Forster, who read it and sent it to the police.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am the second secretary—Mr. Forster gets a great number of these letters.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-178" type="surname" value="GREENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-178" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GREENHAM</persName> </hi>. I am Chief Inspector of the Metropolitan Police—on 18th July the prisoner called at Scotland Yard, and I saw him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020037"/>
<p>write this paper, dated the 18th—I have compared it with the letter of 14th July, addressed to Mr. Forster, and to the best of my belief they are in the same writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-179" type="surname" value="BRANDETH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-179" type="given" value="JOHN MOSS"/>JOHN MOSS BRANDETH</persName> </hi>. I live at Dublin, and am in the service of the Prudential Life Insurance Society—the prisoner was employed in that office from April to the end of June—I have seen him write over and over again, and have a quantity of his writing here—these letters of 3rd and 14th July are to the best of my belief in his writing, and also the addresses and also this anonymous letter of 7th July.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-704-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-704-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-704-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">>Recommended to mercy by the Jury and also by Mr. Ferster.—
<rs id="t18810802-704-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-704-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-704-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-704-18810802 t18810802-704-punishment-25"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, August</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1881.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-705">
<interp inst="t18810802-705" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-705" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-705-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-705-18810802 t18810802-705-offence-1 t18810802-705-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-705-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-705-18810802" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-705-18810802" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-705-18810802" type="surname" value="NORRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-705-18810802" type="given" value="ROSE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROSE NORRIS</hi> (18)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18810802-705-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-705-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-705-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>for wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-705-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-705-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-705-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-706">
<interp inst="t18810802-706" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-706" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-706-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-706-18810802 t18810802-706-offence-1 t18810802-706-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-706-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-706-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-706-18810802" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-706-18810802" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-706-18810802" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES COOPER</hi> (48)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-706-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-706-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-706-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18810802-706-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-706-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-706-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>being found by night with housebreaking implements in his possession, to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810802-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-182" type="surname" value="BURTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-182" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-706-offence-1 t18810802-name-182"/>William Burton</persName>, and stealing an overcoat, and 72 handkerchiefs, and 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. Also to a conviction of felony at this Court in August, 162.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-706-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-706-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-706-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-706-18810802 t18810802-706-punishment-26"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-707">
<interp inst="t18810802-707" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-707" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-707-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-707-18810802 t18810802-707-offence-1 t18810802-707-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-707-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-707-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-707-18810802" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-707-18810802" type="surname" value="DUNCAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-707-18810802" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES DUNCAN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-707-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-707-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-707-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an order for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-184" type="surname" value="FETTH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-184" type="given" value="KEITH"/>MR. KEITH FETTH</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-185" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-185" type="surname" value="GATES"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-185" type="given" value="WALTEB"/>WALTEB GATES</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, of 384, Essex Road—I engaged the prisoner as porter about the end of March—I had occasion to leave him about the beginning of April on the death of my father—I left on the Sunday and returned on the Monday—I missed my'cash-box from the till just outside the counting-house—I had left it safe there in the possession of my wife when I went away—nearly 100/. was in it—a cheque for 3/. was left in it for my endorsement—it was not there when I returned—the prisoner had gone; he had left his coat behind; he never returned—I knew him as Henry Wilson—this is the cheque; I got it from my customer, Mr. Langrish, a tailor, a fortnight or three weeks afterwards—the endorsement is "Walter Gates, 44, Argyle Square"—I did not write that nor authorise anybody to do it—I believe it is the prisoner's writing—the cash-box was forced open—my wife had sent some of the money to the bank, but two cheques were left in it for my endorsement.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Crow-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I also left two young men, a boy, and my wife in the shop—the cash-box was found in a first-class carriage on the Metropolitan Railway—I adhere to my statement that this bill produced was received from a porter whose address was 94, Petherton Road—the bill was in the box, and I brought it to show your signature.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He was a week in my service, not sleeping in the house, but attending during the day—he wrote his name on the bill in my office—I had a character with him—I made inquiries, but got no information.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020038"/>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He was constantly under my observation, and I have no doubt he is the Henry Wilson I employed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-186" type="surname" value="LANGRISH"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-186" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY LANGRISH</persName> </hi>. I am a clothier, of 252, Pentonville Board—on the 12th April the prisoner came into my shop—he selected some clothes, and offered this cheque—I observe the endorsement "Walter Gates, 44, Argyle Square, Euston Road," on it—I asked him his address—I believe that was the address he gave for the goods to be sent to—I said to him "I do not take cheques; I shall not let you have the goods till the cheque is cashed"—he said "I want the goods or the cheque, and I will have it"—I said "Where did you get it from?"—he said his master gave it to him for wages—I said "What name is your master?"—he gave me a different name to what was on the cheque, and that made me suspicious—I do not recollect the name—it was between 8 and 9 o'clock at night—I said "I shall not give it to you unless you get a constable; there's a great many of these cheques stolen"—he said "If you won't give it to me will you send it to 44, Argyle Square, in the morning?"—he had said I was to send the clothes to 2, Argyle Square—I sent the cheque to my bank; it was returned dishonoured—the clothes came to 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—in consequence of what I heard from my bank I did not send the clothes—I next saw the prisoner at the police-court—I am positive he is—the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You gave the cheque to me, not Henry Wilson, unless you are Henry Wilson—my shopman served you—you gave the address of the Elephant and Castle Theatre—you said your mistress was a play-actress, and your master gave you the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-187" type="surname" value="ENNIS"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-187" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ENNIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman R</hi> 39). On the 20th May I took the prisoner into custody at the Grecian Theatre—I said "I shall take you for obtain
<lb/>ing clothes from various shops"—he said "You have made a mistake"—at the police-station he gave an address as 100, Hawkesley Boad, Stoke Newington—Mr. Langrish identified him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You said at the Grecian Theatre "You have got the wrong man"—you asked to ride in a cab, and did so—at the station 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze was found on you, and the suit of clothes which you were wearing—I went to the Hawkesley Road—the landlady said "You are welcome to look through the place, but we have no knowledge of the man"—I asked for Duncan and for Wilson—I did not say to you "What have you done with those watches? if you have sold them or got them tell me, and I will take good care that neither of these persons come against you, and you can depend upon me for that"—I said "If you like to tell me where the watches are, you can, and they may not come against you"—I did not produce a piece of paper for you to write an authority to receive the watches, nor say "If you write an authority it will be all right."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was never in this person's employ. I should have employed Counsel and brought evidence, but my family have had the smallpox. I know nothing whatever about it. I am not the man at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810802-707-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-707-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-707-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with a conviction of felony on 3rd May</hi>, 1880,
<hi rend="italic">at Clerkenwell, to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED NOT GUILTY</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-188" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-188" type="surname" value="HUMPHREY"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-188" type="given" value="RIHARD"/>RIHARD HUMPHREY</persName> </hi>. I am a warder at Coldbath Fields—I was present when the prisoner was convicted in 1880—I produce the certificate of conviction—I subsequently had him in custody at Coldbath Fields twice—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188108020039"/>
<p>mark on his face is in our description of him—he had been convicted before that, but it was not proved.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810802-707-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-707-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-707-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-707-18810802 t18810802-707-punishment-27"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810802-708">
<interp inst="t18810802-708" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810802"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-708" type="date" value="18810802"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810802-708-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-708-18810802 t18810802-708-offence-1 t18810802-708-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-708-18810802" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-708-18810802" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-708-18810802" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-708-18810802" type="surname" value="SUTHERLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-708-18810802" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SUTHERLAND</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18810802-708-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810802-708-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-708-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Embezzling(
<hi rend="italic">in Essex</hi>) 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., received by him on account of
<persName id="t18810802-name-190" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-190" type="surname" value="VOLCKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-190" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-708-offence-1 t18810802-name-190"/>William</persName> and
<persName id="t18810802-name-191" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-191" type="surname" value="VOLCKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-191" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810802-708-offence-1 t18810802-name-191"/>Charles Volck
<lb/>man</persName>, his masters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-192" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-192" type="surname" value="CROOME"/>
<interp inst="t18810802-name-192" type="given" value="MESSES"/>MESSES. CROOME</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FILLAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810802-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810802-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst