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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions paper.</p>
<p>McARTHUR, MAYOR.</p>
<p>SEVENTH SESSION, HELD MAY 2ND, 1881.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE.</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18810502-name-1">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>VOL. XCIV.</p>
<p>SESSIONS VII. TO XII.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS AND SONS, 119, CHANCERY LANE,</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, May 2nd, 1881, and following days,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-2" type="surname" value="MCARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-2" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM McARTHUR</persName>, M.P., LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; The Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-3" type="surname" value="DENMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-3" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DENMAN</persName> </hi>, one of the Judges of the High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-4" type="surname" value="CARDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-4" type="given" value="ROBERT WALTER"/>ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</persName> </hi>, Knt., M.P., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-5" type="surname" value="LUSK"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-5" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW LUSK</persName> </hi>, Bark, M.P., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS SCAMBLER OWDEN</hi>, Knt., and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES WHETHAM</hi>, Knt., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-6" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-6" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-7" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-7" type="given" value="HENRY EDMUND"/>HENRY EDMUND KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDGAR BREFFIT</hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-8" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-8" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-9" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-9" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., D.C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-10" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-10" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq., LL.D., Judge of the Sheriffs' Court: Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-11" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-11" type="given" value="ROBERT NICHOLAS"/>ROBERT NICHOLAS FOWLER</persName> </hi>, Esq., M.P., Alderman,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-12" type="surname" value="WATERLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-12" type="given" value="HERBERT JAMESON"/>HERBERT JAMESON WATERLOW</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-13" type="surname" value="HANBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-13" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>ARCHIBALD HANBURY</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-14" type="surname" value="LAYTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-14" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN"/>EDWARD JOHN LAYTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McARTHUR, MAYOR. SEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody-two stars (**) that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk (†) that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, May</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder</hi>.</p>
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<p>428.
<persName id="def1-428-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-428-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-428-18810502" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-428-18810502" type="surname" value="COWDRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-428-18810502" type="given" value="EDWIN FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWIN FRANCIS COWDRY</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-428-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-428-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-428-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>was charged on two indictments for embezzling the sum of 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and other moneys of
<persName id="t18810502-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-16" type="surname" value="GARVIE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-16" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-428-offence-1 t18810502-name-16"/>James Garvie</persName> and another, his masters.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TORE</hi>, for the Prosecution, offered no evidence. (See Sixth Session, page 627.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-428-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-428-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-428-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<p>429.
<persName id="def1-429-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-429-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-429-18810502" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-429-18810502" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED ROGERS</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-429-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-429-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-429-18810502" type="surname" value="THEOBALD"/>
<interp inst="def2-429-18810502" type="given" value="CHARLES ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES ALBERT THEOBALD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18810502-429-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-429-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-429-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>were charged on three indictments for misdemeanour.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-429-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-429-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-429-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<p>430.
<persName id="def1-430-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-430-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-430-18810502" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-430-18810502" type="surname" value="HOLT"/>
<interp inst="def1-430-18810502" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HOLT</hi> (48)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-430-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-430-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-430-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, Unlawfully conspiring with
<persName id="t18810502-name-20">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-20" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-20" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>William Carter</persName> and
<persName id="t18810502-name-21">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-21" type="surname" value="PETHER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-21" type="given" value="SAMUEL R"/>Samuel R. Pether</persName> to set fire to a house occupied by Carter.</rs> </p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">See Sixth Session, page</hi> 562.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-430-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-430-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-430-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<p>431.
<persName id="def1-431-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-431-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-431-18810502" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-431-18810502" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-431-18810502" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HARRIS</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-431-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-431-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-431-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing an order for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,</rs>
<rs id="t18810502-431-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-431-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-431-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>also two other orders for 105
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., of
<persName id="t18810502-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-23" type="surname" value="GRAVES"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-23" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-431-offence-2 t18810502-name-23"/>Henry Graves</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. WARNER</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-24" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-24" type="surname" value="GRAVES"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-24" type="given" value="HENEY"/>HENEY GRAVES</persName> </hi>. I carry on business as a publisher at 6, Pall Mall, and have done so for 53 years—the prisoner was in my employ for about eight years as cashier and manager of the books entirely—at the time in question his salary was about 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—I have a private account at Ransom's, but the account of the firm, which is only myself, is at Glyn's—I may occasionally have sent cheques to Ransom's and obtained money for them—when I handed cheques to the prisoner it was his duty to pay them in to my account at Glyn's—I handed them to him for that purpose—he kept a memorandum book in which he entered what he paid in to Glyn's; this is it (
<hi rend="italic">marked A</hi>).—it was open for me at any moment to look at—on 21st February I handed the prisoner this cheque for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., signed Pascoe Glyn, for the purpose of paying-in to my account—I find an entry in the diary in the prisoner's writing on that date, "Glyn and Co., 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—there is an entry is this pass-book, marked B,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020004"/>
<p>which I call a fictitious pass-book, of 249
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. paid in—at the time I gave the prisoner the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque I also handed him a cheque for 49
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—in this genuine pass-book, marked C, there is no entry of the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., only of the 49
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—on 8th March I received from Mr. Paget, of Leicester, this cheque for 105
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., dated 8th March, 1880—I gave that to the prisoner to pay in to my account at Glyn's—that is entered in the diary on the 9th—in the fictitious pass-book 226
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. is entered, and has my tick to it as correct, but in the genuine pass-book it is not entered—on 5th April I received this 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque from Mr. A. H. Pierpoint; it has my endorsement—I handed that to the prisoner to pay into Glyn's together with a cheque for 46
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—in the diary that 546
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. is entered, and also in the fictitious pass-book, but not in the genuine pass-book—this fictitious pass-book was continually placed before me by the prisoner—I was not aware that there were two pass
<lb/>books in existence—I looked on that as the genuine pass-book, and there are my ticks throughout—I did not give the prisoner any anthority to cash these cheques at Ransom's—I was not aware, until the catastrophe, that the prisoner had an account at the London and West-mister Bank—certain matters came to my knowledge; I consulted my solicitor, and eventually the prisoner was given into custody on this and other charges.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. I first found out that matters were going wrong at the beginning of October—I gave the prisoner into custody in February this year—I had an assistant salesman named Croxford in my employ at the same time as the prisoner—they were in totally different departments; he had not been longer in my employ than the prisoner; his father had been with me about 20 years; the son had a higher salary than the prisoner, he had 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year, the prisoner had about 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. altogether, I insured his life, and he had gifts and things—I have seen nothing of Croxford since I commenced my investigations; I don't think he has absconded—I did not dismiss him; when the catastrophe occurred he went of his own accord—he had no money owing to him when he left—he gave me no notice—the prisoner left in October, 1880; you may call it a dismissal; I dismissed the whole of them—I believed him at that time to be a thief—I did not in January this year give him a character to enable him to go into a public-house—I think the words I used were that I had no doubt he would get on, he was a very clever fellow, or words to that effect—I was not asked as to his honesty and integrity that I recollect—I heard afterwards that he did go into a public-house, and that his relatives were going to advance 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to let him go into it—I always considered this conduct of his very dishonest and ungrateful—I did not want to be bothered with a pro
<lb/>secution at my time of life—I never said I considered it a matter of account—I could not have said to Mr. Martin Colnaghi that I so con
<lb/>sidered it—the prisoner offered to my son to make restitution, and he accepted that offer—I did not wish to interfere in the matter; I left it in my son's hands—I don't know that I considered myself bound by my son's action if it was wrong—the real fact is I did not want to go on with the prosecution—if he made restitution I did not wish further to prosecute him—I believe he sold his wife's jewellery; I have not got it—I believe he gave up some blue china to be sold—he admitted that the whole was purchased out of the robbery he has committed on me; he,</p>
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<p>did not admit it to me, but to my son Boydell Graves—the prisoner has not given up property to the amount 5,884
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he gave up a property at Lea on which there was a mortgage, and I gave my son a cheque for 450
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to pay it off—I believe that the jewellery is not sold—I believe this pass-book to be in the prisoner's writing—I saw it every ten days or a fortnight; I never thought to look at the writing, I never dreamt of a fraud—I don't say now that it is his writing, I think it is, it is like it; it did not strike me before or I should have discovered it—he has given up a number of oil paintings and engravings; the whole of them have been sold a month or so ago; they produced 1,600
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he also assigned two life policies to me; I have paid two premiums on them since I held them; I don't know that I shall continue them—Croxford's father also assigned a policy to me—I do not know that my two sons have borrowed money of the prisoner—I did not get two I O U's, one for 105
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and one for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of my sons; it never came to my knowledge—until a notice came to me a day or two ago I did not know of any such loans; I had notice to produce the I O U'S, which I have not got—I don't know whether the prisoner was intimate with my sons—I have the general management of the business, especially of the publications.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I had every confidence in the prisoner—the total amount of his defalcations amount to 13,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—an accountant has gone through the books—he has restored property to the amount of about 3,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I did not know that he had that property—I heard that his wife had large private means—I did not desire to prosecute him at first; when I heard that he had sold his furniture and house and kept the money I considered he was a double-dyed villain.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-25" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-25" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FOSTER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in Ransom's bank, Pall Mall—Mr. Graves keeps a private account there—I have known the prisoner for some years as his confidential clerk, and have been in the habit of cashing cheques for him—I cashed this 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque across the counter on 21st February, and gave a 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note in payment, No. 18903, dated 15th Sep
<lb/>tember, 1879—the cheque was only crossed in lines; the stamp on it is ours—on 10th March I cashed this 105
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque and gave bank-notes in pay
<lb/>ment, and on 6th April I cashed this 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque in the same way, and gave in payment a 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, No. 33999, dated 15th March, 1880—I cannot say for whom I cashed the particular cheques—I was in the habit of cashing cheques for the prisoner in that way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-26" type="surname" value="BOX"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-26" type="given" value="JOHN EDXTTHD"/>JOHN EDXTTHD BOX</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier in the London and Westminster Bank, St. James's Square—the prisoner had an account there—on 21st February a 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bank-note, No. 18903, was paid in to his account.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know that in October last a son of Mr. Graves came to the bank and got the prisoner's pass-book—I cannot say when the prisoner's account was closed, without reference to the books.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-27" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-27" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-27" type="given" value="HXBBIBT WILLIAM"/>HXBBIBT WILLIAM ROGERS</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the firm of Charles Russell, Son, and Rogers, of Westminster Chambers, Victoria Street—I was formerly private solicitor to Mr. Graves. I knew the prisoner as his confidential clerk and cashier, and our firm transacted some legal business for him—on 5th or 6th August, 1880, I received from him 561
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 0
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I cannot say whether it was in cash—on the 6th April I paid in a sum of 555
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at Cocks and Biddulph's in notes, cheques, and gold, including what I received from the prisoner.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020006"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I remember the prisoner and Mr. Boydell Graves calling on me; I can't remember the date—I was informed by Mr. Boydell Graves that certain deficiencies had been found out on the books—he did not instruct me to take criminal proceedings—he said that his father would like to treat the matter as one of account, and he gave me a list of certain securities which the prisoner was willing to give up—those included property at Beckenham, Lea, and Stockwell—on one of these there was a mortgage of 450
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I laid the matter before counsel, after which certain mortgages were paid off, and the money was received by the prisoner or his solicitor—I heard afterwards, either from Mr. Graves or his son, that the money passed into their hands—I made the prisoner a temporary advance on some property at 34, Lambert Road; there was a mortgage on it—he bought the property through my firm, and had not sufficient money to pay for it, and we found him the money—he found a customer for it, and that customer's solicitor paid off the mortgage—I can't say what became of the property ultimately—I do not remember having any conversation with Mr. Graves or his son about it—I was not consulted about selling the other property.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. When I acted in this matter I did not understand that the defalcations were as large as they are—I was told by Mr. Boydell Graves that they amounted to about 9,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—as far as I re
<lb/>member the prisoner was willing to make restitution and give up his property.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-28" type="surname" value="MCSHANE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-28" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MCSHANE</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Cocks and Biddulph, of Charing Cross—I have here the account of Russell and Co.—on 6th April, 1880, a 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Bank of England note, No. 33999, was paid in to their account.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-29" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-29" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am clerk in the bank of Glyn, Mills, and Co.—Mr. Graves has an account there—this is his genuine passs-book; the other is a false one; I know nothing about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-30" type="surname" value="WOODMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-30" type="given" value="RICHARD HAYNES"/>RICHARD HAYNES WOODMAN</persName> </hi>. I am an accountant, in partnership with Mr. Tulloch, of Mansion House Buildings—I have been through the books of Mr. Graves for the purpose of eliciting the amount of the defal
<lb/>cations—I began on 19th February, and completed it on 26th April.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-431-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-431-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-431-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A previous conviction was proved against the prisoner in April</hi>, 1872,
<hi rend="italic">for stealing a hook from his employer</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that the total deficiency in the present instance amounted to</hi> 28,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-431-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-431-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-431-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-431-18810502 t18810502-431-punishment-1"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-432">
<interp inst="t18810502-432" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-432" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-432-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-432-18810502 t18810502-432-offence-1 t18810502-432-verdict-1"/>
<p>432.
<persName id="def1-432-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-432-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-432-18810502" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-432-18810502" type="surname" value="TUENBULL"/>
<interp inst="def1-432-18810502" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-432-18810502" type="occupation" value="Post-office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES TUENBULL</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-432-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-432-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-432-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing, whilst employed in the Post-office, a post letter containing a sovereign, a shilling, and six postage stamps.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COWIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-32" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-32" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES STEVENS</persName> </hi>. I am a travelling clerk attached to the General Post-office—the prisoner has been employed as a junior sorter in the Inland branch for four years—in consequence of numerous com
<lb/>plaints of the loss of letters in that department, on 27th April I made up a test letter; I put in it a sovereign, a shilling, and six single penny postage stamps, all of which I marked; I put it in an envelope, and sealed it with wax as well as the adhesive gum, and addressed it to Miss Ada Birch, 3, Guysyke Road, Colne, Lancashire—I posted it at the chief office about 10 minutes past 4 that same afternoon—I had previously spoken to Mr. Frayer, the overseer of the Inland department, about it—about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020007"/>
<p>7 next morning I sent for the prisoner to my room, and told him a letter as addressed, containing a sovereign, a shilling, and six penny postage stamps, was missing—I said "It was sorted to you for dispatch this morning, do you know anything about it?" he said "No"—I directed Butler, the constable, to search him, and while searching him the prisoner put his hand into his right-hand trousers pocket and took out a sovereign, a shilling, two sixpences, and 5 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. In bronze—I said "Where did you get the sovereign and shilling from?" he said" I believe I had the Sovereign from the Post-office Savings Bank a few days ago"—I examined them, and identified them as those I had put in the letter—the officer took from him some pieces of paper, and among them was a receipt for a registered letter, and in the folds of the receipt were six single postage stamps and two others; the six all bore my private mark, which I hid put on them the previous day—I said" Where did you get these stamps from?" he said "I always carry a few stamps about me"—I said "They all bear my private mark, and they are the same I enclosed in that letter, and I shall charge you with stealing that letter"—he offered no further explanation at that time—he subsequently said he had picked up the stamps in the basement at the office.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-33" type="surname" value="FBAYER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-33" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH FBAYER</persName> </hi>. I am an overseer in the Inland branch of the General Post-office—on 27th April I received instructions from Mr. Stevens with reference to the prisoner—on the morning of the 28th I was in the office where the prisoner was engaged—at 6 a.m. I placed the letter addressed to Miss Ada Birch on the table where the prisoner was sorting, and at 6.15 he left the table and went towards the basement—during his absence I went to the table and searched for the letter; it was not there—the prisoner returned in about 10 minutes, and went on with his sorting—I afterwards saw the messenger leave the table with the Colne bundle of letters; he put them on the Manchester road—I searched them, and this letter was not among them—I then communicated with Mr. Stevens.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-34" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-34" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am a police-officer attached to the Post-office—on the morning of 28th April I was at the Inland office, watching the prisoner at the sorting table; there was no one else there—I afterwards took the prisoner to Mr. Stevens's office, when he identified the coins and stamps—I afterwards went to the prisoner's lodging, 13, Lloyd's Row, Clerkenwell, and made a search in the first-floor back, and in a box I found six or seven rings, a gold chain, a silver necklet and locket, 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. In gold, four pawn-tickets of silver watches, and a silver watch pledged in January last—he was also wearing a silver watch—I also found a dozen linen collars, which have been claimed by a gentleman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-35" type="surname" value="TARRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-35" type="given" value="EDWARD ALFRED"/>EDWARD ALFRED TARRANT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Examined by the Prisoner</hi>). About a quarter to 6 on Thursday last I saw you take some money out of your pocket—I noticed a two-shilling piece, a half-crown, and some coppers—I could not swear to anything else.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. The money was my own. The stamps I picked up in the basement. I bought all the watches at sales.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-432-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-432-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-432-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-432-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-432-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-432-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-432-18810502 t18810502-432-punishment-2"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-433">
<interp inst="t18810502-433" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-433" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-433-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-433-18810502 t18810502-433-offence-1 t18810502-433-verdict-1"/>
<p>433.
<persName id="def1-433-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-433-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-433-18810502" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-433-18810502" type="surname" value="NELSEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-433-18810502" type="given" value="JENS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JENS NELSEN</hi> (18)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-433-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-433-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-433-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810502-433-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-433-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-433-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810502-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-37" type="surname" value="CORNISH"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-37" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-433-offence-1 t18810502-name-37"/>Joseph Cornish</persName>, and stealing a key.**—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-433-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-433-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-433-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-433-18810502 t18810502-433-punishment-3"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-434">
<interp inst="t18810502-434" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-434" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-434-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-434-18810502 t18810502-434-offence-1 t18810502-434-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020008"/>
<p>434.
<persName id="def1-434-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-434-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-434-18810502" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-434-18810502" type="surname" value="SLADE"/>
<interp inst="def1-434-18810502" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES SLADE</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-434-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-434-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-434-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810502-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-39" type="surname" value="CURZON"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-39" type="given" value="EDWARD CECIL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-434-offence-1 t18810502-name-39"/>Edward Cecil Curzon</persName>, and stealing a teapot and other goods value 245
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PUBCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-40" type="surname" value="CURZON"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-40" type="given" value="EDWARD CECIL"/>EDWARD CECIL CURZON</persName> </hi>. I am a Justice of the Peace for the county of Middlesex, and live at Scarsdale House, Kensington—on Tuesday night, 1st March, I believe my house was all safe before I went to bed, about 10—next morning I received information, and on coming down stairs I missed a quantity of plate, china, and other articles of consider
<lb/>able value—I have since seen some of the property, not the plate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-41" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-41" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-41" type="given" value="CABOLINE"/>CABOLINE BARRETT</persName> </hi>. I am cook to Mr. Curzon—on the morning of 2nd March I came down stairs about 10 minutes past 6—I found a champagne bottle on the kitchen table, two glasses, two knives, and some bread and cheese, taken from the servants' cupboard, which had not been there the night before, and the kitchen was in confusion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-42" type="surname" value="EDGAR"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-42" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES EDGAR</persName> </hi>. I keep a curiosity shop at 37, Goldney Road, Harrow Road—I have known the prisoner about a year and seven months—on the evening of Ash Wednesday, 2nd March, about half-past 9, the prisoner came in with these two vases—he said" I have brought you some
<lb/>thing rare;" I said "I don't like them, they are not my style of china"—he asked 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for them; he ultimately took 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the police afterwards left me a notice, and on 25th March I saw the prisoner near Tattersall's, and gave him into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-43" type="surname" value="HOPLING"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-43" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HOPLING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B</hi> 198). The last witness spoke to me, and I took the prisoner into custody—I told him I should take him to the station, and he would be charged with burglariously entering the house of the Hon. Mr. Curzon, of Wright's Lane, Kensington—he said "All right, I will go with you to the station; I am very sorry, it is the first time I ever got into trouble."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-44" type="surname" value="BUEZ"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-44" type="given" value="FRANZ"/>FRANZ BUEZ</persName> </hi>. I am a curiosity dealer, 278, Westminster Bridge Road—on 10th March, between 1 and 2 in the afternoon, the prisoner offered these two vases for sale for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I gave him 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he said they were his own.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-45" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-45" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENERY JONES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector T</hi>). On 2nd March I examined the prosecutor's house—I found no external marks—inside one of the two doors leading to the pantry had been forced by breaking a pane of glass, and then unlocking the door—on 25th March I found the prisoner de
<lb/>tained at the station—I said "Can you give me any reasonable account of the possession of a portion of the china stolen from Mr. Curzon's house, which you sold to Mr. Edgar?"—he said "I bought it of a man in the street; I thought of making a little by it; I don't know the man; that is all I know about it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-46" type="surname" value="MANITIX"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-46" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MANITIX</persName> </hi>. I am servant to the prosecutor—it is my duty to see that the house is closed, and I believe I did so on this night—next morning I missed from the pantry 60 silver spoons and forks, a silver tea-pot, ladle, and sugar tongs, and all the silver used at breakfast and dinner; they were safe the night before—I know nothing of the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-47" type="surname" value="CURZON"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-47" type="given" value="EDWARD CECIL"/>EDWARD CECIL CURZON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The prisoner never lived with me—the silver taken was worth 120
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 130
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—these two vases are worth about 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; they are Dresden.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I am perfectly innocent. I bought the vases in a public-house of a man whose name, I believe, is Gill, whom I had often</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020009"/>
<p>seen at sales. I have lived with Lord Shaftesbury, Sir Henry Thomp
<lb/>son, and other gentlemen, and have always borne a good character.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-434-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-434-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-434-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, May</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>,</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-435">
<interp inst="t18810502-435" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-435" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-435-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-435-18810502 t18810502-435-offence-1 t18810502-435-verdict-1"/>
<p>435.
<persName id="def1-435-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-435-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-435-18810502" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-435-18810502" type="surname" value="BIRD"/>
<interp inst="def1-435-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BIRD</hi> (28)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-435-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-435-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-435-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810502-435-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-435-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-435-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to feloniously having counter
<lb/>feit coin in his possession, with intent to utter it, having been previously convicted of a like offence.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-435-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-435-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-435-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-435-18810502 t18810502-435-punishment-4"/>Two years' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>. And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-436">
<interp inst="t18810502-436" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-436" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-436-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-436-18810502 t18810502-436-offence-1 t18810502-436-verdict-1"/>
<p>436.
<persName id="def1-436-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-436-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-436-18810502" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-436-18810502" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-436-18810502" type="given" value="WILLIAM LEEDS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM LEEDS FLETCHER</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-436-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-436-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-436-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to stealing a post-packet and two half-crowns, the property of
<persName id="t18810502-name-50" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-50" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-436-offence-1 t18810502-name-50"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received an excellent character</hi>,—
<rs id="t18810502-436-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-436-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-436-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810502-436-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-436-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-436-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-436-18810502 t18810502-436-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months Hard Labour</hi> </rs>,</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-437">
<interp inst="t18810502-437" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-437" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-437-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-437-18810502 t18810502-437-offence-1 t18810502-437-verdict-1"/>
<p>437.
<persName id="def1-437-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-437-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-437-18810502" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-437-18810502" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="def1-437-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN PRICE</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-437-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-437-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-437-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously having counterfeit coin in his possession, with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-52" type="surname" value="PLATT"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-52" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PLATT</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Red Lion, Russell Street, Covent Garden—on 25th April, about 2.20 a.m., on the house being opened on account of the market, the prisoner came in and tendered a half-crown for some rum and milk—it felt greasy, but as I had been spreading butter, I put it in the till, and gave him four sixpences, three pence, and two halfpence—he passed the rum and milk to a man who stood in a corner of the bar, and walked out quickly, which attracted my attention, and I took it out, bent it, and found it was bad—I broke a small piece out of it, and gave both pieces to the constable—the only coins in the till were four shillings—he returned in about eight minutes, asked for a cup of coffee, and gave me another half-crown—I kept it in my hand till I had served two more people, and then I tried it, and found it bad, and got over the bar, laid hold of him, and held him till a constable came, and gave him in charge with the coins—I lost one piece.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I did not tell you before you bolted out, that the first half-crown was bad—there were not 30 people in the bar—the bar would not hold them—you did not give me a shilling first—it was a half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-53" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-53" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR MORRIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 269). I was called and Platt gave the prisoner into my charge for passing two bad half-crowns—he said, "Oh, I know nothing about it; I have just arrived here from Liverpool"—there may have been 20 persons in the bar—he tried to throw me down outside, but with assistance I took him to the station, searched him, and found these six bad half-crowns wrapped separately in newspaper, and the whole in brown paper in his left trousers pocket, and in his right a purse containing three shillings, four sixpences, and tenpence-halfpenny in bronze, good money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were not more than 20 people in the bar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-54" type="surname" value="WEBSTEB"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-54" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTEB</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this half-crown of 1846 broken in two, is bad—the next is bad, but the date is broken off—these six half-crowns found in the prisoner's pocket are bad—two of them are from the same mould as that of 1846 and three of 1874 from the same mould as the one with the date broken off—counter
<lb/>feit coins are usually wrapped up separately to keep them clean—here is one of George III, 1819.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020010"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate was that he treated some people to drink, and that a bad coin was passed, a row took place, and some one must have slipped the six bad coins into his pocket. He made the same statement in his defence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-437-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-437-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-437-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with a previous conviction of a like offence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-55" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-55" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WARD</persName> </hi>. I am a warder of Her Majesty's Prison, "Wandsworth—I produce a certificate of the prisoner's conviction on the 1st March, 1880, in the name of Samuel Turner, of uttering counterfeit coin—the prisoner is the man—I was present, and have not the slightest doubt about him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have many reasons for knowing you well, but do not wish to be unfair to you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY.**</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-437-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-437-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-437-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-437-18810502 t18810502-437-punishment-6"/>Seven years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-438">
<interp inst="t18810502-438" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-438" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-438-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-438-18810502 t18810502-438-offence-1 t18810502-438-verdict-1"/>
<p>438.
<persName id="def1-438-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-438-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-438-18810502" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-438-18810502" type="surname" value="BIECH"/>
<interp inst="def1-438-18810502" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY BIECH</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-438-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-438-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-438-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-57" type="surname" value="MALZY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-57" type="given" value="ARNOLD"/>ARNOLD MALZY</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, of 1 A, Tottenham Court Road—on 22nd March, between 12 and 1 at night, I served the prisoner with half an ounce of tobacco—he gave me this florin—I broke it in the tester, and asked him where he got it—he said, "In payment for some work I did at the docks"—I gave him in charge—he told the sergeant he received it at a stall in the street where he bought some oranges—he was remanded, and discharged on the 24th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-58" type="surname" value="SMYTHE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-58" type="given" value="TERENCE"/>TERENCE SMYTHE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-Sergeant</hi> 45
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). I took the prisoner—he said, "I received it for some work; I got 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for some work I did at the docks, and in passing through the Strand this afternoon I went up to a costermonger's barrow, asked for two oranges, and tendered half-a-crown; he gave me in change two shillings and four pence"—he gave the name of Godfrey—he was remanded till the 24th, and discharged about 12.30 in the day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-59" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-59" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, of 56, Wilton Road, near Victoria Station—on 24th March, about 10 p.m., I served the prisoner with half an ounce of shag—he
<hi rend="italic">slided</hi> a bad florin on the counter—I said, "I suppose you know what this is"—he said, "Is it bad?"—I did not answer—he then put down fourpence—I fetched a constable and gave him in charge—he got it in change for a half-crown in buying a half-penny orange at a costermonger's barrow.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. You did not throw it on the counter—you kept your hand on it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-60" type="surname" value="SKINNER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-60" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT SKINNER</persName> </hi>. I was 40 B R. On 24th March, about 10.30, I was called to Mr. Taylor's shop, and the prisoner was given into my custody for passing a bad florin—he said, "I did not know it was bad; I received it at a costermonger's barrow in change for a half-crown; I bought a halfpenny orange"—I said, "Where was the costermonger's barrow?"—he said, "In Wilton Road"—no barrows are allowed to stand there—I was there all the evening, and there was not one there—he was searched at the station, and a purse was found on him with a good fourpenny piece and three-halfpence in it; and he had half an ounce of tobacco in his hand—he gave his sister's address, 6, St. George's Street, Borough—this is the florin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-61" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-61" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two florins are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I am guilty."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-438-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-438-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-438-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-438-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-438-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-438-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-438-18810502 t18810502-438-punishment-7"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-439">
<interp inst="t18810502-439" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-439" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-439-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-439-18810502 t18810502-439-offence-1 t18810502-439-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020011"/>
<p>439.
<persName id="def1-439-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-439-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-439-18810502" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-439-18810502" type="surname" value="CAVALIER"/>
<interp inst="def1-439-18810502" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUIS CAVALIER</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-439-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-439-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-439-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAWFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The evidence was interpreted to the Prisoner</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-63" type="surname" value="WINTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-63" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>HENRY GEORGE WINTLE</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, of 24, South Street, Marylebone—on the 16th April I served the prisoner with two pennyworth of tobacco—he gave me a florin—I gave him the change and kept the florin in my hand, and before he had quite left the shop I found it was bad, and went to the door, but could not see him—about half an hour afterwards I saw him passing my window—I touched him on the shoulder, and beckoned to him to come into the shop—he came in—he had been there half a dozen times before, and always took the tobacco away in his hand—he would never have it wrapped in paper—I knew what he wanted when he came in—he only said "Twopence"—I said "This coin you have given me is bad"—he said, "No, no," shaking his head and making towards the door—I saw a constable across the road, and ran across to him—the prisoner left the shop at the same time, and started at full-speed down the street—the policeman followed him, and I afterwards saw aim at the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-64" type="surname" value="BLOOIOULD"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-64" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BLOOIOULD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman D</hi> 9). I was in South Street off duty and Mr. Wintle pointed out the prisoner running as hard as he could down the middle of the street—I followed him and took him in William Street without losing sight of him, except while he turned the corner—I told him the charge and forced him into a shop, searched him, and found sixpence in silver and fourpence in bronze on him, and at his feet this purse, containing a bad florin bent—I took him to the station—the charge was interpreted to him in French, and he said "I have had the money about three months, I must have got it in change from a chemist"—he gave his address, 2, Little Barlow Street, which is about 50 yards from the prosecutor's house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I took your pocket-book from you in the shop, and you had all these papers loose in your pockets—I did not at that moment let the purse fall—I held your hands while I searched your pockets, but you may have dropped the purse while I was forcing you into the shop—I did not hold you at that moment—I did not see the purse till it was on the floor; I cannot say whether it was in the pocket-book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-65" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-65" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are bad, but from different moulds; they are very well made, and look as though they have been kept some time—the first one is bent, not cut.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-66" type="surname" value="WINTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-66" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>HENRY GEORGE WINTLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I knew him as a cus
<lb/>tomer two or three weeks—he has said "Twopence "before in English—sometimes he said "Pounce "instead of "ounce"—I marked the coin with a "W "and put it on the shelf, not in the till.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>." My wife gave me the money on Saturday night, a 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece and 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., to go to market with. I went to the coal merchant's and to this place. If I had been guilty I should not have gone to the tobacconist's. The other piece my wife received from a customer three months ago, and I cut it myself."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner called.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-67" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-67" type="surname" value="GAVALIER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-67" type="given" value="ANGELIQUE"/>ANGELIQUE GAVALIER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). My mother gave you this piece of money and 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and you bought some coals, potatoes, salad, tea, sugar, and bread—I was present when a woman came and paid my mother for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020012"/>
<p>some petticoats with a florin; I saw you put it to your mouth and bend it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAWFURD</hi>. That was more than three months ago, and my father had it a long time in his purse—my mother gave it to him on Saturday night, the 9th, to go to market, the same night that he was taken in custody—that was the day she gave him the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I can't say at what time he came home with the potatoes and other articles, but it was at night, and he did not go out again—I do not know whether he had any other money in this purse but what my mother gave him—I have no idea how much he spent, but all he had was the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. my mother gave him and the 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I am sure the coin found in the purse was the same one my mother gave him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I did not look at the coin; it was late at night, and I put it in my pocket with the 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. I went into the tobacconist's and bought some tobacco, changed the florin, and lit my pipe before going to market. I then went to the grocer's next door, then to the coal merchant's opposite. I took the coals upstairs and went out again, and went to the corner to the baker's, which is nearly opposite the tobacconist's shop, and then went to another grocer's, where I bought some tea and sugar, and then I remained in the street to see whether I wanted to buy anything else, and he had me taken in custody an hour afterwards. I am entirely unaware that the coin was bad. Had I known it I should have done with it just as I did with the other.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-439-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-439-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-439-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-440">
<interp inst="t18810502-440" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-440" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-440-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-440-18810502 t18810502-440-offence-1 t18810502-440-verdict-1"/>
<p>440.
<persName id="def1-440-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-440-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-440-18810502" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-440-18810502" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-440-18810502" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ELLIOTT</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-440-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-440-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-440-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-69" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-69" type="given" value="FANNY"/>FANNY MILLER</persName> </hi>. I keep a baker's shop at 8, Grown Court, Pall Mall—on 5th April, between 5 and 6 p.m., the prisoner came in and asked for two crusty brick loaves for the coffee-shop in Piccadilly—I said "Is it the one we serve?"—he said "Yes"—I said "Is the young man gone who hat been there so long?"—he said "Yes, he left on Saturday night"—that young man had come and paid me on Saturday night, and that had gone on for years—they came to 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; he put down a half-crown—I saw that it was bad, bent in the tester, and said "Why, it is a bad one"—he said "A bad half-crown!"—I said "Yes, a very bad one"—I said that because it was so soft, and it would not bounce at all—I also tried it with my teeth—he went out, but did not go in the direction of the coffee-shop—I followed him and gave him in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. You did not say that you supposed the other boy had left on Saturday.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-70" type="surname" value="DICKS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-70" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DICKS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 253). On 5th April I was on duty, and the last witness pointed out the prisoner to me walking slowly in Bury Street—he saw her speak to me, and turned round and looked in a doorway, and then turned round and ran to the corner of St. James's Street, where I caught him—he spoke first, and said "You have got the wrong man, policeman"—I took him back to the shop, searched him, and found 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good money in his left-hand trousers pocket, and at the station I found a pocket inside his coat, under which the lining was torn, and I found two half-crowns between the lining and the pocket with a small piece of paper between them—he said "I met a man in Piccadilly who said 'My</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020013"/>
<p>man, do you want to earn 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.?' I said 'Yes,' and the man gave me a drop of rum out of a bottle; I drank it, and the man told me to drink I again, and then told me to go to the baker's shop and get two loaves of bread, and after that to get change for a half-crown," and that the man gave him the two half-crowns—neither of them were bent.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not find the money in your breast pocket, but between the lining and the cloth at the bottom of your pocket, just in the flap of your coat; it stopped there because it was down at the bottom.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-71" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-71" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These half-crowns are bad—one of them is cut, not bent.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>." When the policeman caught hold of me I did not say that I was not the man, before he had said I was. When I got the bread I went to where the man promised to be, but did not see him. I did not know they were bad."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner produced a written defence stating that he was sent to the shop by a man who gave him some rum, but who he could not find afterwards</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-440-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-440-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-440-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-440-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-440-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-440-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-440-18810502 t18810502-440-punishment-8"/>Twelve Months' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-441">
<interp inst="t18810502-441" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-441" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-441-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-441-18810502 t18810502-441-offence-1 t18810502-441-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-441-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-441-18810502 t18810502-441-offence-1 t18810502-441-verdict-1"/>
<p>441.
<persName id="def1-441-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-441-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-441-18810502" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-441-18810502" type="surname" value="BANCROFT"/>
<interp inst="def1-441-18810502" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BANCROFT</hi> (32)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-441-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-441-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-441-18810502" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-441-18810502" type="surname" value="MOORCROFT"/>
<interp inst="def2-441-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MOORCROFT</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-441-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-441-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-441-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18810502-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-74" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-74" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-441-offence-1 t18810502-name-74"/>George Martin</persName>, and stealing a pocket-book and 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-75" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-75" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at 30, Tyman Road, Lavender Hill—on 4th April I was in the Snow Shoes public-house, Chelsea, from about a quarter past 8 to 9—I was sober—a number of men were there; the prisoners are two of them; they were upstairs in the singing-room—I had some ale and afterwards went out to the back yard; as I was returning to the house I was met by the two prisoners; they got hold of me, put their hand over my mouth, and tore my inside coat pocket out and took my pocket-book containing three sovereigns and my discharge and pension paper—they struck me, knocked me down, and kicked me on the temple, and I got a black eye—when I recovered myself and got up the men were gone—I went inside and com
<lb/>plained to the landlord—I tried to defend myself, but could not, they huddled me so—I did not know the prisoners before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Bancroft</hi>. I did not see you come downstairs—I saw you in the back yard.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Moorcroft</hi>. You were upstairs at the time I was—I was not in company with two women—you are one of the four that met me in the back yard.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-76" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-76" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a private in the Army Service Corps at Chelsea Barracks—on the evening of 4th April I went to the Snow Shoes about 7 o'clock—while I was in the bar I saw the prosecutor come downstairs and four men behind him, and Martin went out into the back yard; the four men went also; the prisoners are two of the men—I have known them perfectly well for the last twelve months—they were out in the yard between four and five minutes; they then came rushing into the bar, and Martin came running in with his head all bleeding and his ear and head cut—he complained to the landlord of being robbed and kicked—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020014"/>
<p>four men escaped out of the house—I noticed that Moorcroft had his lip cut and bleeding—a constable took Martin to the station—about half-past 10 or a quarter to 11 I pointed Bancroft out to a constable at a fried fish shop, and he was taken into custody—I saw Moorcroft in custody next morning—since I have been the cause of having these two men appre
<lb/>hended I have been grossly insulted by two men who know the prisoners—I was quite sober—Martin had had a little drop to drink, but he was not any the worse for it; he knew what he was about.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-77" type="surname" value="BULLIMORE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-77" type="given" value="NOAH"/>NOAH BULLIMORE</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Snow Shoes—the prosecutor made a complaint to me; his head was all over blood—I was in the bar—there is a singing-room upstairs; it holds about twenty or thirty persons—the potman attends to them—after the complaint was made to me I went into the yard; I found no one there—I saw both the prisoners in the house that evening—anybody coming from the yard into the street would have to come straight through the bar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-78" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-78" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am potman at the Snow Shoes—I was in charge of the singing-room on 4th. April; I saw the prosecutor there about half-past 8—there were three or four persons with him—I saw the two prisoners up in the sing-song room with the prosecutor, but I did not see them leave—I knew them by sight—I afterwards saw the prosecutor at the bar with his mouth, bleeding.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-79" type="surname" value="BOYCE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-79" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BOYCE</persName> </hi>. I am waiter at the Snow Shoes—I was in the singing room on 4th April—I saw the prosecutor and the prisoner there—I saw the prosecutor leave—the prisoner left about half an hour before him; he was in company with a woman in the room.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-80" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-80" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR MARTIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B</hi> 405). On the night of 4th April, about a quarter to 11 o'clock, the witness Smith pointed Bancroft to me at a fried fish shop in the Pimlico Road—I told him I should take him into custody for assaulting and robbing a man of 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said "I don't know what you mean"—at the station he said "I was in the Snow Shoes at 6o'clock"—he afterwards said "I had only been out of the Snow Shoes three minutes previous to your apprehending me"—I found on him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he was sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-81" type="surname" value="LARKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-81" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN LARKIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B R</hi>). I apprehended Moorcroft at half-past 10 o'clock on the night of 4th April, in Leader Street, Chelsea, for being drunk and disorderly; he was bleeding from the upper lip.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Moorcroft's Defence</hi>. I was in the Snow Shoes, but I left at half-past 7o'clock, and never went in again—I was not there at the time the man was robbed.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18810502-441-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-441-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-441-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>. BANCROFT
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction in January</hi> 1875.
<hi rend="largeCaps">BANCROFT</hi>
<rs id="t18810502-441-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-441-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-441-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-441-18810502 t18810502-441-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOOR
<lb/>CROFT</hi>
<rs id="t18810502-441-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-441-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-441-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-441-18810502 t18810502-441-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard, Labour</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-442">
<interp inst="t18810502-442" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-442" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-442-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-442-18810502 t18810502-442-offence-1 t18810502-442-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-442-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-442-18810502 t18810502-442-offence-1 t18810502-442-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-442-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-442-18810502 t18810502-442-offence-1 t18810502-442-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-442-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-442-18810502 t18810502-442-offence-2 t18810502-442-verdict-1"/>
<p>442.
<persName id="def1-442-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-442-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-442-18810502" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-442-18810502" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-442-18810502" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM DAVIS</hi> (19)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-442-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-442-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-442-18810502" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-442-18810502" type="surname" value="NOEEIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-442-18810502" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDMUND NORRIS</hi> (18)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-442-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-442-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-442-18810502" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def3-442-18810502" type="surname" value="VAUGHAN"/>
<interp inst="def3-442-18810502" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WIL
<lb/>LIAM VAUGHAN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-442-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-442-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-442-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18810502-name-85" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-85" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-85" type="surname" value="MALLINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-85" type="given" value="KATE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-442-offence-1 t18810502-name-85"/>Kate Mallinson</persName>, and stealing; a bag and 64
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18810502-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-86" type="surname" value="LUMLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-86" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-442-offence-1 t18810502-name-86"/>Louis Lumley</persName> and others, and</rs>
<persName id="def4-442-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-442-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-442-18810502" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def4-442-18810502" type="surname" value="HELDERGILL"/>
<interp inst="def4-442-18810502" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED HELDERGILL</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-442-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-442-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-442-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, for inciting them to commit the said robbery.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-88" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-88" type="surname" value="MALLINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-88" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE MALLINSON</persName> </hi>. I live with my parents at 125, St. Paul's Road, Bromley—I am in the employ of Messrs. Louis Lumley and Co., cork merchants—they have an office in America Square, and the works are in Bow Common Lane—it was mine and my sister's duty to go on alternate</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020015"/>
<p>Saturdays to America Square to fetch the money for the wages, and bring it back to Bow Common Lane—I have done it for the last two years—Heldergill is in Messrs. Lumley's employment—on Saturday, the 5th March, I went to the City to get the money, as was my custom—I left Bow Common Lane at about 11.30, went by rail to Fenchurch Street, and on to America Square, and fetched 64
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 52
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold, 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. In silver, and a cheque for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I put the money in this bag, I locked it and put the key in my pocket—I left the City by rail, and returned to Burdett Road—I walked down St. Paul's Road, where I lived, called at my own house, came out again, shut the gate, and proceeded down the road—it was about 1 o'clock in the day—I had the bag in my hand, locked—I saw Davis, Norris, and Vaughan on the pavement——Vaughan rushed towards me and took hold of the bag, then he pulled me round, forcing me towards my house; the other two took hold of me at the back by the shoulders and the arms; Vaughan was pulling at the bag, trying to get it away—I screamed out for help; one of them rushed between Vaughan and me and took pos
<lb/>session of the bag, and ran off with it, and the other two ran after him—Davis said "I will run after him"—the struggle lasted about two minutes—I had struggled with them past six houses—Vaughan's hat fell off into the footpath in the struggle—they all ran round the corner into Rowsell Street—Vaughan's hat was picked up and handed to me, and I took it to the works—I gave information, and the police were sent for—in the afternoon the bag without it's contents was brought to my house—I felt the effects of this for about a week afterwards in my arms, where they had been caught hold of—I was struck on the arm—the struggle took place about 100 yards from the factory—the men were generally paid at two o'clock—I saw Davis about a fortnight afterwards, Norris about a week after that, and Vaughan a week after that—I have no doubt that these are the men—I was not quite so sure of Norris, I am positive of the other two.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-89" type="surname" value="COCKERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-89" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>SUSANNAH COCKERTON</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Arthur Cockerton, a carpenter—we live at Copenhagen Terrace, Limehouse—on Saturday, 5th March, I was in St. Paul's Road about a quarter to 1—I saw the prosecutrix there with the bag—I saw three young men come along; Davis is one of them, and Norris is the one who took the bag; I can't swear to the third one—I saw Davis give Miss Malinson a knock on the right arm—I did not see whether it was the arm on which she carried the bag—the struggle did not last long, it was very quickly done—then they all three ran away, and I did not see what became of them; they turned down the first street they came to—the prosecutrix screamed out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-90" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-90" type="surname" value="BUSS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-90" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BUSS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Buss—we keep a coffee-house at No. 187, Bow Common Lane—on Saturday, 5th March, three men came into our house at about 1.30—I can identify Davis and Vaughan; I am not sure about Norris—Vaughan had a scratch on his hand, which was bleeding; he had no hat on—they asked for three cups of coffee, and sat down in one of the boxes near the door; we keep the window shutters at the end of that box during the day—I said to Vaughan "You appear to have met with an accident," and Davis said "Yes, we have been fighting," and that in the struggle Vaughan had lost his hat—Vaughan asked me if I had an old one to give him; I told him I had not got one; he said "A sack or a bag will do"—I tried to find one, and could not—he then asked me for a newspaper; I gave him one, and he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020016"/>
<p>took his coat off and made a parcel of it in the newspaper, and put the parcel on his head—the two other men went out first, and Vaughan followed with this parcel on his head—no one else had been in that com
<lb/>partment where the shutters are kept that morning—about three-quarters of an hour after the men had gone Inspector Godden came to my house, and I went in the box where the prisoners had been sitting—I looked behind the shutters, and found this bag; it was cut; nothing was in it—I handed it to Godden, and he took it away—Vaughan was in the house about three-quarters of an hour, Davis about half an hour, and Norris only a few minutes—I afterwards, on a subsequent occasion, saw Davis again at the police-station; he was placed among eight or nine others, and I picked him out—a few days after that I saw Norris at the police-station; he was put among others, and I picked him out—I can speak positively to Vaughan.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-91" type="surname" value="JOYCE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-91" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL JOYCE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 140). I took Davis into custody on 18th March—I had seen him on 11th March; he was in custody then on another charge—I searched him on that night; I found on him 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold, 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in silver, and two gold rings—he was discharged upon the other charge, and detained in custody till the 18th, and then taken on suspicion of this—I told him I should take him into custody on suspicion of being concerned with two others not in custody in stealing 65
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from a young lady on the 6th March; he said "All right"—he said he was a dealer, and that was his stock money—he was afterwards seen by Miss Mallinson and the other witness, and identified.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-92" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-92" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). I apprehended Norris on 25th March near the House of Detention at Clerkenwell; at that time Davis was in custody there—I told Norris I was a police officer, and should take him into custody for being concerned with two others, one in custody, for stealing a bag containing 65
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from a young woman in Bow Common Lane on 6th March—he said "All right, I suppose if they don't pick me out you will let me go?"—he said later on "Who put you on to me?" I said "No one"—he said "If they don't pick me out I will stand to it"—I went with Sergeant Thick to Messrs. Lumley's works, Bow Common Lane, about two o'clock that same day—I spoke to Mr. Chapman, the manager and foreman, and Heldergill was called into the office—Mr. Chapman said "These are two police-officers, they wish to speak to you "Thick said to Heldergill "You had better be careful what answers you make to our questions, as we are in possession of information"—I said "Do you know a man named Vaughan?" he said "No"—I said "Do you know of the robbery committed upon a young lady in your master's employ?" he said "No, I did not put it up"—I said "No one asked you for that remark"—on the way to the station he said "I met Vaughan," and I think he said Davis, "in a public-house at Bethnal Green, and he said 'Can you put us up to anything where you are?' he said 'Yes, there is a young lady goes to the City every Saturday and fetches the money to pay the men, and I should think you might get it'"—I said "Do you know Vaughan, the person you speak of?" he said "Yes, I know Vaughan has been in trouble"—he said "I never met them again until the night of the robbery I then saw Vaughan and Davis; I said to Vaughan 'Well, you have done the job, then?' he said 'No, it was not me, it was
<hi rend="italic">Mivey</hi>' (
<hi rend="italic">Mivey</hi> is a nickname for Davis, I believe);' all I got out of it was a glass of ale; on the morning that I was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020017"/>
<p>brought up Davis was brought up by a
<hi rend="italic">habeas corpus</hi>'"—I told Vaughan he would be charged with the three others for stealing a bag containing 65
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from a young woman on the 6th March; he made no reply—I produce the hat given me by Godden.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-93" type="surname" value="GODDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-93" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GODDEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant K</hi> 13). I received the bag from Mrs. Buss.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">In the Prisoners' Statements before the Magistrate, Davit, Norris, and Heldergill declared their innocence. Vaughan alleged that Heldergill in
<lb/>formed him of the robbery having been committed</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIS, HELDERGILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VAUGHAN</hi>
<rs id="t18810502-442-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-442-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-442-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIS</hi>
<rs id="t18810502-442-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-442-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-442-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-442-18810502 t18810502-442-punishment-11"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HELDERGILL</hi>
<rs id="t18810502-442-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-442-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-442-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-442-18810502 t18810502-442-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Hard Labour.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VAUGHAN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">who</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction—
<rs id="t18810502-442-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-442-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-442-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-442-18810502 t18810502-442-punishment-13"/>Two Years' Hard Labour.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NORRIS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-442-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-442-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-442-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-443">
<interp inst="t18810502-443" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-443" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-443-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-443-18810502 t18810502-443-offence-1 t18810502-443-verdict-1"/>
<p>443.
<persName id="def1-443-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-443-18810502" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-443-18810502" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-443-18810502" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-443-18810502" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANE THOMPSON</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-443-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-443-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-443-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAXTFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-95" type="surname" value="SINCLAIR"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-95" type="given" value="AMBROSE"/>AMBROSE SINCLAIR</persName> </hi>. I keep a refreshment room, 34, Poland Street, Oxford Street—on 24th March, between 6 and 7 p.m., the prisoner ordered half a dozen oysters, which came to 15
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; she ate them and gave me a florin; I gave her 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change, and put it in the till, where there was no other florin—I took it out about ten minutes afterwards and gave it to Charles Taylor with 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. In copper, who brought it back—I found it was bad, put it in the fire the same night, and it melted like lead and went right through the cinders—it was an open grate—on 31st March the prisoner came again, and my daughter served her with a cup of tea; she gave her a half-crown; I examined it, bent it with my teeth, and found it was bad—I called a policeman, gave it to him, and said "This woman has passed this, and passed another last week; you had better see if she has got any more on her"—she said that she had not, and pulled her purse out and showed him—she said to me "You have made a mistake; I was never in the shop before"—when she found I was going to charge her she said "Forgive me this time"—I gave her in charge with the coin—this is it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I recognised you by your features and dress—I took the half-crown to a friend next door, and brought him and another man back, and a policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-96" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-96" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am in Mrs. Tickell's employ, a coal dealer—I took a sack of coal to Mr. Sinclair's on 24th March, and he paid me with a florin and 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I gave the florin to my mistress, who gave it back to me, and I took it back to Mr. Sinclair and gave it to him—it was bad—my mistress bent it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-97" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-97" type="surname" value="TIOXELL"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-97" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN TIOXELL</persName> </hi>. I am a coal dealer of 2, Old Broad Street—on 24th March Taylor handed me a florin and 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I bent it with my teeth, and I could have broken it if I liked—my teeth sank in it and it bent easily and felt greasy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-98" type="surname" value="SINCLAIR"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-98" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA SINCLAIR</persName> </hi>. I live with my father and assist him—on 31st March I served the prisoner with a cup of coffee; she gave me this half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I gave it to my father.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-99" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-99" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 373). On 31st April, about 6 p.m., Mr.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020018"/>
<p>Sinclair called me to his shop and said in the prisoner's presence that she had just given his daughter a half-crown, which he gave me; and had tendered a bad florin for some oysters the week before—she said "I think you are mistaken," but afterwards she said "I hope you will for
<lb/>give me this time"—I said "Have you any more money?"—she said "No,"'and produced her purse—there was nothing in it—nothing was found on her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-100" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-100" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I have no doubt that a coin which melted in an open fire was bad—a good florin could not be bent with the teeth—this half-crown is bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>." It was given me by a gentleman on the Wednesday afternoon. I know nothing of the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I have been leading a gay life, and the half-crown wag given me by a gentleman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-443-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-443-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-443-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-443-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-443-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-443-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-443-18810502 t18810502-443-punishment-14"/>Nine Months' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-444">
<interp inst="t18810502-444" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-444" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-444-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-444-18810502 t18810502-444-offence-1 t18810502-444-verdict-1"/>
<p>444.
<persName id="def1-444-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-444-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-444-18810502" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-444-18810502" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-444-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN EDWARDS</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-444-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-444-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-444-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAWFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-102" type="surname" value="BARROW"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-102" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BARROW</persName> </hi>. I am a photographer of 9, Cornhill—on 12th March the prisoner tendered me a half-sovereign for a dozen gem portraits, which came to 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I found it was bad, and said "Where did you get it?"—he said "From Waterloo booking-office"—I said "I thought they were more careful than that at the booking-office," and asked what he changed it for—he said "I changed a sovereign"—I said "What have you done with the rest of the money?"—he said "I bought some goods with it"—I said "Where are the goods?"—he said "I left them to be called for"—I said "How did you get the sovereign?"—he said "At Croydon Races"—I said "There are no races this week, and you will have to give your name and address to the constable"—I gave him in charge—I gave evidence against him on the Monday—he was remanded, and discharged on 22nd March—this is the coin; it is very soft; I chipped it with a knife—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>). is one of the portraits.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-103" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-103" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BAKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 583). I took the prisoner and received this bad half-sovereign—I said "Where did you get this from?" and he said "Last Tuesday I went to Croydon Races and received this half-sovereign there at the railway station in change for a sovereign, taking a ticket for London"—I said "Have you any more money?"—he said "No, only 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>."—I searched him at the station, but found nothing on him—he gave his name John Fermen—the prisoner is the man—the half-sovereign was almost broken when I put it in my pocket, and it got broken at the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-104" type="surname" value="PENWILL"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-104" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA PENWILL</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at St. Stephen's Restaurant, Bridge Street, Westminster—on 29th March I served the prisoner with a glass of ale; he gave me this bad half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).—I gave him in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-105" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-105" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK FOSTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman ER</hi> 35). I took the prisoner and asked him where he got the coin—he said, "I got it at the Croydon Races, a bookmaker gave it to me"—I found a good shilling and a penny on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-106" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-106" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This sovereign and half-crown are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence, through an interpreter, stated that he received</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020019"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">the half-crown in payment of a let on horse racing, and did not know it was bad; he did not account for the possession of the bad half-sovereign</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-444-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-444-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-444-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-444-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-444-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-444-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-444-18810502 t18810502-444-punishment-15"/>Two Years' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-445">
<interp inst="t18810502-445" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-445" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-445-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-445-18810502 t18810502-445-offence-1 t18810502-445-verdict-1"/>
<p>445.
<persName id="def1-445-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-445-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-445-18810502" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-445-18810502" type="surname" value="SELMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-445-18810502" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK SELMAN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-445-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-445-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-445-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a medal resembling a sovereign.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAWFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SAUNDERS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-108" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-108" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WATKINS</persName> </hi>. I keep the Lord Hill, North Walk Road—on 16th April, about 8.45, I served the prisoner with a glass of ale—he put down this coin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).—my wife pushed it and said, "What do you call this?" and threw it down—he picked it up and went out, saying nothing—I ran out at the other door, caught him with the coin in his hand, and took it from—he said, "If you will let me go I will give you my name and address"—I gave him in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-109" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-109" type="surname" value="WATXINS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-109" type="given" value="CAROLINE ELIZABETH"/>CAROLINE ELIZABETH WATXINS</persName> </hi>. I served the prisoner—he threw down this coin—I instantly detected it, and said, "What do you call this?"—he made no answer, but picked it up and left quickly without taking the ale—the bar was full—I called my husband, who went out and gave him in custody outside—he was the worse for drink, and I think he hardly knew what he was doing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-110" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-110" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS PRICE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 270). I took the prisoner and charged him with attempting to utter counterfeit coin, which I showed him—he said, "I had it from the Victoria public-house"—two shillings and a florin in good money were found on him at the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. You did not say, "I think I received it from the Victoria"—you said, "I had it"—you had been drinking—you were not drunk, you knew what you were about.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-111" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a Hanover medal—it looks like a sovereign on the head side; but it only resembles one in the graining on the edge—the value is less than a farthing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I received 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. from my master—I was under the influence of drink, and gave 20. worth of silver for a sovereign, and they gave me this medal, and when I went to have some drink I put it down, and found it was not good—I wanted to change it because I had not sufficient silver to pay my landlady what I owed her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-445-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-445-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-445-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-446">
<interp inst="t18810502-446" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-446" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-446-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-446-18810502 t18810502-446-offence-1 t18810502-446-verdict-1"/>
<p>446.
<persName id="def1-446-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-446-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-446-18810502" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-446-18810502" type="surname" value="KOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-446-18810502" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE KOHN</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-446-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-446-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-446-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing a sextant and an opera-glass in a vessel in a Port.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ST. AUBYN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-113" type="surname" value="LINKLATER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-113" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY LINKLATER</persName> </hi>. I am master
<hi rend="italic">of</hi> the ship Harmony, lying in the West India Docks—I saw my sextant and opera-glass safe on 26th April and missed them on the 28th—these are them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).—they are worth 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-114" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-114" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WHITE</persName> </hi>. I was assistant to the late Mrs. Purser, a pawn
<lb/>broker—these articles were pawned there on the 27th April, between 6 and 7 o'clock, by the prisoner, who gave his name George Smith, East India Road, for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the shop is about five minutes' walk from the docks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-115" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-115" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH LEONARD</persName> </hi>. I am day watchman at the East and West India Docks—on 27th April, about 6.15 p.m., I saw the 'prisoner leave the docks with this sextant under his arm—I directed him the way out.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020020"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate."</hi> I had the sextant and the glass from the same two men that I got the rest from.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. The articles were given to the in the dock to take out, but I did not know they were stolen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-446-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-446-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-446-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-446-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-446-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-446-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-446-18810502 t18810502-446-punishment-16"/>Eighteen Months' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-447">
<interp inst="t18810502-447" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-447" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-447-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-447-18810502 t18810502-447-offence-1 t18810502-447-verdict-1"/>
<p>447.
<persName id="def1-447-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-447-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-447-18810502" type="age" value="65"/>
<interp inst="def1-447-18810502" type="surname" value="WICKHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-447-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN COLLIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN COLLIS WICKHAM</hi> (65)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<rs id="t18810502-447-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-447-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-447-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to unlawfully and with intent to defraud making false entries in a ledger belonging to his employer.—</rs>
<rs id="t18810502-447-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-447-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-447-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18810502-447-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-447-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-447-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-447-18810502 t18810502-447-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-448">
<interp inst="t18810502-448" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-448" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-448-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-448-18810502 t18810502-448-offence-1 t18810502-448-verdict-1"/>
<p>448.
<persName id="def1-448-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-448-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-448-18810502" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-448-18810502" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-448-18810502" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WILLIAM JONES</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-448-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-448-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-448-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to uttering three orders for the delivery of goods (
<hi rend="italic">it was stated there were</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">cases of fraud against the prisoner</hi>).—</rs>
<rs id="t18810502-448-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-448-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-448-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810502-448-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-448-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-448-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-448-18810502 t18810502-448-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-449">
<interp inst="t18810502-449" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-449" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-449-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-449-18810502 t18810502-449-offence-1 t18810502-449-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-449-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-449-18810502 t18810502-449-offence-1 t18810502-449-verdict-1"/>
<p>449.
<persName id="def1-449-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-449-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-449-18810502" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-449-18810502" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-449-18810502" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC FISHER</hi>* (46)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-449-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-449-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-449-18810502" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def2-449-18810502" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-449-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DAVIS</hi> (58)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-449-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-449-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-449-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>to stealing a watch of
<persName id="t18810502-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-120" type="surname" value="NEWNS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-120" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-449-offence-1 t18810502-name-120"/>Samuel Newns</persName> from his person. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Fisher also pleaded guilty to a previous conviction</hi>.—
<rs id="t18810502-449-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-449-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-449-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810502-449-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-449-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-449-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-449-18810502 t18810502-449-punishment-19"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-449-18810502 t18810502-449-punishment-19"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months each with Hard Labour</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-450">
<interp inst="t18810502-450" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-450" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-450-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-450-18810502 t18810502-450-offence-1 t18810502-450-verdict-1"/>
<p>450.
<persName id="def1-450-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-450-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-450-18810502" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-450-18810502" type="surname" value="GROYES"/>
<interp inst="def1-450-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GROYES</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-450-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-450-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-450-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18810502-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-122" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-122" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-450-offence-1 t18810502-name-122"/>William Henry Watkins</persName> and stealing a pencil-case, 17 postage labels, and 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., his property.</rs>
<rs id="t18810502-450-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-450-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-450-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810502-450-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-450-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-450-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-450-18810502 t18810502-450-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour</hi>.</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-451">
<interp inst="t18810502-451" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-451" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-451-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-451-18810502 t18810502-451-offence-1 t18810502-451-verdict-1"/>
<p>451.
<persName id="def1-451-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-451-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-451-18810502" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-451-18810502" type="surname" value="TRUMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-451-18810502" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS TRUMAN</hi>(30)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-451-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-451-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-451-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering three orders for the payment of 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each.—</rs>
<rs id="t18810502-451-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-451-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-451-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810502-451-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-451-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-451-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-451-18810502 t18810502-451-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Hard Labour</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-452">
<interp inst="t18810502-452" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-452" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-452-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-452-18810502 t18810502-452-offence-1 t18810502-452-verdict-1"/>
<p>452.
<persName id="def1-452-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-452-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-452-18810502" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-452-18810502" type="surname" value="JENNINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-452-18810502" type="given" value="GEORGE JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE JOHN JENNINGS</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-452-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-452-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-452-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, Stealing one gelding, one cart, and one set of harness, the property of
<persName id="t18810502-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-125" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-125" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-452-offence-1 t18810502-name-125"/>William Albert Henry</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. B. KELLY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THORNE COLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-126" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-126" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALBERT"/>WILLIAM ALBERT HENRY</persName> </hi>. I am a florist and market-gardener at Chigwell—about 3.30 a.m. on the 26th April I came with my pony and cart to the London Flower Market—I left it in charge of Dennis Driscoll while I went into the market—Lay, who is employed by me, came up with me, and he was also left in charge—I next saw the pony and cart at Bow Street—the prisoner was there—I gave him in charge—he said that he was sent by a man to fetch the cart from Burleigh Street into the Strand—the pony and cart are worth about 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-127" type="surname" value="LAY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-127" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LAY</persName> </hi>. I work for Mr. Henry—I came up with him from Chigwell on 25th April to the London Market—we arrived about 3.30 a.m.—we unloaded and brought the pony out, and left it in charge of Dennis Driscoll—between 3.30 and 8 a.m. I came out of the market three or four times, and saw the pony and cart still safe—on coming out about 9 I found Driscoll holding the prisoner by the arm—Driscoll asked if I knew him—I said I did not—I went and told Mr. Henry.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-128" type="surname" value="DRISOOLL"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-128" type="given" value="DENNIS"/>DENNIS DRISOOLL</persName> </hi>. I live in the Gray's Inn Road—I work about the market—I was left in charge of Mr. Henry's pony and cart about 3.30 a.m. by Lay—I watched the prisoner—about 9 a.m. he led the pony by the head into the Strand—he was getting into the cart—I pulled him by the collar—he threw me away and knocked me down—he said he would get away in spite of me—he tried to escape—we had some tussles—I told a constable—he would not take him—another constable came up and took the charge—the prisoner said to Lay, "You know me well"—Lay said, "No; I do not know you"—I said, "He is trying to steal your pony</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020021"/>
<p>and cart"—Lay brought his governor up, and he pressed the charge—I saw the prisoner about 100 yards off in one street and then another—he was coming out of a public-house trying to get away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He told me he was sent by a man from the public-house to fetch the pony and trap, and I went to the public-house and saw no one there but the prisoner—he went into the public-house after he took the pony round, and it was outside that I saw him get on the step of the trap—the pony and trap were outside the public-house about 10 minutes—the prisoner was inside two or three minutes—I saw him take the pony, and watched him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-129" type="surname" value="PARSONS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-129" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS PARSONS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 464). I took the prisoner into custody—he said he was sent by a man with a wideawake hat to take the cart round the corner—he did not mention any name.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have made inquiries and found he was employed by Messrs. Whiteley, of Westbourne Grove, till 14th September, 1880, and that he afterwards worked for the London Parcels Delivery Company for about three weeks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-452-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-452-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-452-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-453">
<interp inst="t18810502-453" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-453" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-453-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-453-18810502 t18810502-453-offence-1 t18810502-453-verdict-1"/>
<p>453. The said
<persName id="def1-453-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-453-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-453-18810502" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-453-18810502" type="surname" value="JENNINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-453-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JENNINGS</hi> (30)</persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18810502-453-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-453-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-453-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>for stealing a gelding, a cart, and a set of harness, the property of
<persName id="t18810502-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-131" type="surname" value="CORAM"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-131" type="given" value="HENRY ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-453-offence-1 t18810502-name-131"/>Henry Ernest Coram</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KELLY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-453-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-453-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-453-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-454">
<interp inst="t18810502-454" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-454" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-454-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-454-18810502 t18810502-454-offence-1 t18810502-454-verdict-1"/>
<p>454.
<persName id="def1-454-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-454-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-454-18810502" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-454-18810502" type="surname" value="DENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-454-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN EDWARD DENT</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-454-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-454-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-454-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining by false pretences large quantities of food and liquor with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-133" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-133" type="given" value="MONTAGU"/>MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BRAXTON HICKS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-134" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-134" type="surname" value="RAYMENT"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-134" type="given" value="FREDERIOK"/>FREDERIOK RAYMENT</persName> </hi>. I keep Rowland's Hotel, at 18, London Wall—about three months ago the prisoner came to my house—he afterwards told me he was agent for Condy's Fluid Company, also for the South
<lb/>western Co-operative Stores—I supplied him with food and refreshment to the amount of 18
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I asked him several times for payment—he said he banked with the London and South-Western Bank, the Battersea Branch, and that a large house was being furnished for him at Clapham in a handsome way, and he was going there in a day or two.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He paid his first bill without being asked; that was for 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—after that he stayed from the 24th January to the 15th February—I gave him into custody for the public good—I did not wish to sign the charge sheet, because he said he owed no one else, and would pay me within a few days—he used an office in King Street, Cheapside, and in Holborn—he represented them to be his—once when I went to King Street Mr. Morphet turned him out and said "Dent, I have had enough of you, you can go downstairs"—I do not know what Mr. Morphet is—the prisoner used to come out and talk to me on the stairs; he seemed ashamed to talk in his own office—there were three rooms, a little place he had to himself—he was given in charge there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-135" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-135" type="given" value="GEORGE ELLESMORE"/>GEORGE ELLESMORE DUNN</persName> </hi>. I keep an hotel at 5, Norfolk Street, Strand—about Christmas last the prisoner came to my hotel—when he had been there two weeks I asked him for the amount due—he said it was not convenient to pay at that moment, but he would do so in a day or two—he pulled some papers out and said there was no occasion to make a
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> about a matter of 11
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—at the end of the third week he gave me this bill on the London and South-Western Bank, Battersea Branch. (
<hi rend="italic">For</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">accepted by the prisoner, and marked "Refer to drawer</hi>,")</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020022"/>
<p>I was never paid that sum—he remained another week and paid for that week—I never saw him till he had been there a fortnight—he then said that he was agent for Condy's Fluid Company, or for a company to buy Condy's Fluid.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He did not refer to the South-Western Co-operative Stores—he referred me to a Mr. Petifer, who said Dent was good enough for what he undertook—I said "Would you lend him 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.?"—he said "I do not think so"—I was not told Petifer was to be solicitor for one of the companies—I made no further inquiries—Dent did not tell me the South-Western Bank was to be the bank to a new association he was forming—he owes me 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd—the receipt you produce is a forgery—this is the only bill I ever receipted—I know Dent has been in an office in King Street, not in Holborn—I have no idea what he was doing—I did not take much notice of his papers—I went to King Street to ask for this bill—he said a man who owed him money was one day in Belgium and another in Manchester; it was one story one time and another another—I think Condy's Manufacturing Company was painted on the stairs, but seemed to be rubbed out—I did not see Dent's name—Morphet and Littlejohn I think was the name on the door.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-136" type="surname" value="BIGGS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-136" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL BIGGS</persName> </hi>. I am head waiter at Gosling's City Hotel—the prisoner came on the 15th April and remained till the 21st—he paid his bill of 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on the 23rd—the following day I handed him a further bill for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he left without paying, and left a box and two or three parcels behind—I opened the parcels—they contained a few pairs of dirty socks and an old pair of trousers—the box was opened by Sergeant Davis—it contained papers—when I gave him the first bill he said he was the secretary to Condy's Fluid Company, and something about a co-operative society at Battersea, that he was the secretary—I gave him credit because he referred us to Condy's Fluid Company.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-137" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-137" type="surname" value="BUNKER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-137" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BUNKER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Bunker, hotel keeper, of 456, New Oxford Street—on the 5th December, 1879, the prisoner came there with a female—he remained seven months and incurred a debt of 226
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—on the 25th December he gave me a cheque for 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said he was related to Dent's the glovers—I understood at first he was the son, then he said Mr. Dent was his uncle and Lady Dent was their aunt—I believed that story and allowed them to remain—I have never been paid—the prisoner brought a hamper and parcels to the hotel—Sergeant Davis opened the hamper—it contained a lot of coal, an old dress, and a tin kettle.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They brought no luggage when they first came—I made no inquiries—I saw a Mr. Drake, who said he knew the prisoner from a boy—three parcels came with the hamper—the prisoner used to be scribbling for newspapers and taking advertisements out—he never told me what his business was—I believed them to be respectable people.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-138" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-138" type="surname" value="QELLATE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-138" type="given" value="ELIO"/>ELIO QELLATE</persName> </hi>. I am a lodging-house keeper at 37, Duke Street, St. James's—on the 31st of July last the prisoner came with a lady to my house and wanted lodgings for a few days while they looked after a house—he said he was a broker—he remained till the 10th of November, incurring a debt of 82
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he gave me an acceptance payable two months after date from 6th November—I never got paid.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. Swallow introduced me to Dent—he is a lodging-house keeper in my neighbourhood—he remained there three or four</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020023"/>
<p>days—I gave the bill to my solicitor—Dent did not mention any com
<lb/>pany—he had offices at 62, Holborn Viaduct—I inquired there after the Dents left my house, and found they were sent away because they did not pay their rent.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-139" type="surname" value="SWALLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-139" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN SWALLOW</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, St. James's Street—I have known Dent fifteen months—he lodged at my place two nights.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I recommended him to Gellate—he was introduced to me by Mr. Evans, a broker.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-140" type="surname" value="CROWTHER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-140" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY CROWTHER</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to the London and South-Western Bank at Battersea—that branch was open in August, 1879—from that time the prisoner has not been a customer—I
<hi rend="italic">do</hi> not know him—we had no order with regard to the bill produced.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. Barter is the manager—he is not here—a form like this produced would be sent to the manager—an account was opened called the London Co-operative account, and one share was taken up, upon which 10. has been paid—I have seen a prospectus, but not this paper—we had a few prospectuses at our bank.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-141" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-141" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER MITCHELL</persName> </hi>. I live at 27, Falcon Street—I am the maker of Condy's Fluid, and trade as Gondy's Fluid Company—I know nothing of the prisoner personally—he is not connected with our firm in any way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been to Somerset House and found an associa
<lb/>tion has been registered called Condy's Manufacturing Company—I do not remember seeing this document—George Condy is no connection of ours—he is the brother of Bowman Condy, of Battersea—I know Mr. George Condy's writing—I take this to be his writing, and I see the same signa
<lb/>ture on the Articles of Association—I have had no litigation with the new company, I have only just found that it existed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I did not know of the existence of the Condy Fluid Manufacturing Company till I saw it in the newspapers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-142" type="surname" value="CONDY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-142" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>HENRY JOHN CONDY</persName> </hi>. I live at Battersea—I am the manufacturer of Condy's Fluid—I have seen the prisoner once—he was not authorised to act as our agent.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-143" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-143" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BARNETT</persName> </hi>. I am a warehouseman employed by Dent and. Co., of 97, Wood Street, glove-makers—I have been there 34 years—I have never seen the prisoner before—I am not aware of any Lady Dent—Mr. Dent died 25 years ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know anything of the Dent family.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-144" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-144" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Dent, of 35, Cockspur Street—I have been connected with the firm for 28 years—I do not know the prisoner—he is not to my knowledge connected with the Dents.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know all the family—the "Dent" in Meet Street is a in—I have not seen the prisoner before—there is a "Dent" in the Stand—there are others in the world, I suppose, but I cannot go back 4 the origin of the family.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-145" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-145" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DAVIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On the 18th February the prisoner was given ito my custody—I took him to the station—on the way he said "I hope you will look over this matter"—Mr. Rayment then said, on his stating I do not owe any one a farthing," "On those conditions I shall with draw the charge"—I made inquiries, and found various other cases.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He also said "I do not intend to defraud Mr. Ray
<lb/>ment; I owe him I will pay him"—also, "I own I owe Mr. Ray
<lb/>ment 18
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I did not intend to defraud him."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020024"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-454-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-454-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-454-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Davis stated he could bring</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">or</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">cases against the Prisoner</hi>.)—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-454-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-454-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-454-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-454-18810502 t18810502-454-punishment-22"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-455">
<interp inst="t18810502-455" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-455" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-455-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-455-18810502 t18810502-455-offence-1 t18810502-455-verdict-1"/>
<p>455.
<persName id="def1-455-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-455-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-455-18810502" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-455-18810502" type="surname" value="WILLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-455-18810502" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WILLS</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-455-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-455-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-455-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810502-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-147" type="surname" value="CASTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-147" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-455-offence-1 t18810502-name-147"/>George Castle</persName>, and stealing a shawl.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-148" type="surname" value="METCALFE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-148" type="given" value="AUSTIN"/>MR. AUSTIN METCALFE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-149" type="surname" value="CASTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-149" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CASTLE</persName> </hi>. I am cabinet-maker, of Mape Street, Clerkenwell—about 10 minutes past 1 o'clock on the 9th April I was aroused by a noise at the shutters—I waited about a minute, then I heard a noise of things going off the table that stood against the window—I went down
<lb/>stairs—I found the prisoner in the room; he stood and looked at me—I took a light—the window was open—I had gone to bed about 12 o'clock—I had shut the shutters—I called a lodger; he went for a policeman—a shawl which had been hanging behind the door was lying close to the window, a yard and a half off—it was folded up—the work was knocked off the table—tassels, &c.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-150" type="surname" value="HELLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-150" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HELLINGS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 450). I heard cries of "Police!" in Mape Street—I went to No. 64—I found the prisoner in the left-hand parlour—I asked him how he got there—he said "A female brought me in"—I asked him what female—he said "I don't know"—I took him into custody—I afterwards went back to the house and examined the window—I found the shutter had been forced, and there were marks which correspond with this knife—the window opens on to the pavement, about two feet above the street—it would be easy for anybody to get in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I was on the
<hi rend="italic">booze</hi>, and I thought I was going to my own place. I live in the front room. I have been living in Bethnal Green all my life.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-151" type="surname" value="HELLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-151" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HELLINGS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). He was perfectly sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-455-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-455-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-455-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-455-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-455-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-455-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-455-18810502 t18810502-455-punishment-23"/>Six Months' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Denman</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-456">
<interp inst="t18810502-456" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-456" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-456-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-456-18810502 t18810502-456-offence-1 t18810502-456-verdict-1"/>
<p>456.
<persName id="def1-456-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-456-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-456-18810502" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-456-18810502" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="def1-456-18810502" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEOEGE READ</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-456-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-456-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-456-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously causing bodily harm to
<persName id="t18810502-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-153" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-153" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-153" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-456-offence-1 t18810502-name-153"/>Annie Read</persName>, with intent to murder.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-154" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-154" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-154" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE READ</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife—we have been married years—I lived with him at 10, Benjamin Street, St. Sepulchre's we occupied one room, the second-floor back—we have three children—on Saturday evening, 19th March, about 6, I went to a public-houe in Cross Street; I found my husband there—I had twopennyworth of whisky there—my husband was drunk; he said he would pay me when I got home for coming after him—we went home together; on the way home I bought some bread, tea, and sugar with money which gave me—I had no tea ready for him at home, and he commenced owing about it—my little girl, four years old, was in bed at the ✗; she began to cry—my husband took her up to beat her—I went to ✗ry and prevent him beating her, and he commenced beating me—he tuck me on the chest with his fist, I don't know how many times—he threw me down, and kicked me ever so many times—there was a paraffirn lamp on the side table; he broke that against the table, and threw the oil over</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020025"/>
<p>me, and said he would set me alight and burn me; he went and tried to find the matches; he could not find them—I screamed out, and Mrs. Fairhead, who lives above, came down—she asked him to leave off beating me; he said he would leave off—she then went back to her room; he did not leave off; he commenced beating me again as soon as she went—he locked the door after she went; he would not let me go out—he then threw me down over the fender; the fire was alight—I got up, but he kicked me ever so many times before I got up, on my body—when I got up I was going over towards the cupboard; my child began to cry—he said he would throw her out of the window; I said "No, you. won't"—he said "I will throw you out as well"—the window was open—he took hold of me round the waist, and threw me out—I remember nothing more till I found myself at Bartholomew's Hospital—I left the hospital on 12th April to be examined at the police-court—I then went back again, and finally left last Sunday—Mr. Coates attended me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. When we got home you asked me to get tea; I said I would get it; the fire was alight, and the kettle boiling—you began rowing because the tea was not ready—I did not row you at all; I persuaded you to lie down and go to sleep while I got it ready—you would not lie down—I was not intoxicated; I had had nothing but the twopenny worth of whisky—I don't usually take it; I took it that day because I was very cold, and had had no food all day—I was not drunk three times a week—I did not stab you with scissors and forks—I did not. get out of the window myself, you threw me out—Mrs. Fairhead visits me sometimes—she is out at work all day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-155" type="surname" value="FAIRHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-155" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN FAIRHEAD</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and live at 10, Benjamin Street, in the room above the prisoner—I have lived there about three years—the prisoner and his family have been there a few months—on Saturday, 19th March, about 7 or 8 p.m., I was in my room—I heard them quarrelling; I could not distinguish the words—it was so frequent an occurrence I did not interfere—I could not tell which was to blame; I heard both voices—after hearing the scream I went down to their room, and said "Mr. Bead, what is the matter?" he said "Nothing"—I went into the room; Mrs. Bead was standing by the fireplace, crying; the children were on the bed; the room was in a state of confusion—I trod on some thing on the floor like glass or crockery—I begged of the prisoner to be quiet; he said he would—the wife said he had been beating and kicking her—he said "You are drunk;" she said "All I had was twopenny
<lb/>worth of whisky"—she was perfectly sober—I went back to my own room, and heard nothing more—Mrs. Bead used to do my washing and cleaning, and when I have sent her for my supper beer I have always made her partake of it—I never saw her drunk—I used to give her money on Saturday for herself and children, or she would have been without—the prisoner was excited, but quite sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I could not tell the words you used when I asked what was the matter—you may have said "My wife is beginning rowing again"—she has not fetched beer and gin and whisky for me every day, nor was she always up in my place.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-156" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-156" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-156" type="given" value="HARRIET SARAH"/>HARRIET SARAH FOX</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Mark Fox, and live next door to the prisoner—I occupy the second-floor back—on the evening of 19th March, between 7 and 8, I heard quarrelling, but on which side it laid I could not tell; I heard it for some time—I afterwards went down to the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020026"/>
<p>yard to get some water, and while there I heard the prisoner say he would throw her and the b—child out of the window—the window was open—I heard a smash like the breaking of glass or crockery—after I had been in my room two or three minutes I heard a frightful scream, and then a terrible crash, followed with groans in the yard—I ran to the landing window, and saw Mrs. Read lying on the ground, and the prisoner over her, by the side of the grindstone in the yard—he said "Annie, Annie, where is your money?" and he had got her pocket in his hand—she appeared to be senseless; I thought she was dead—I ran into the street, and knocked at the prisoner's door—he came, and asked me to come in; I said "No, you beast, I won't"—I went to fetch a policeman—the prisoner fetched a cab, and Mrs. Bead was taken to the hospital—I spoke to the prisoner in the passage, and said "You beast, you wretch, you said you would do it, and you have done it;" he turned round and said "No, I did not, she done it herself"—I could not tell whether he was drunk or sober, he was very much excited.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not run and fetch any brandy while I was there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-157" type="surname" value="FEARLESS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-157" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH FEARLESS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 311). About 8 o'clock on the 19th March I was on duty in Benjamin Street—I was fetched into No. 10—I went into the back yard, I found the prosecutrix lying insensible—I got a cab, and she was sent to the hospital—whilst I was putting her into the cab the prisoner was in the crowd—he asked if he could go to the hospital, and I told him he could—when I reached the hospital I found him there—when the prosecutrix became sensible she spoke to me—the prisoner was in the waiting-room—I told him he would have to go to the station with me to state to the inspector how it occurred—he said "But you won't charge me, will you?"—on the way to the station the prisoner asked me to have something to drink, which I declined—when I reached the police-station I made a statement to the inspector in the prisoner's presence—I said that the prisoner's wife said that he had thrown her out of the win
<lb/>dow—he said "What for? she fell out of the window"—the charge was entered—I went back to the house to take the children to the workhouse—I found the window open, and a broken paraffin glass lamp—the height of the window was 24 feet—the ground beneath was stone-paving—it is a sort of yard—I found the key and the handle of the door on the floor—the room was in disorder—there appeared to have, been a scuffle.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not ask you to fetch a cab, I went for it myself—you asked if you could go to the hospital, and I said yes—I did not say that I had taken worse cases than this to the hospital—I did not refuse to let you carry her upstairs at the hospital—you said you would come to the station and give evidence, and when you came I charged you—I examined the yard—the grindstone was nearly close to where the prose
<lb/>cutrix was lying—I did not notice the washing-tub.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The prosecutrix was lying insensible when I saw her, and there was a little blood on the stones—I should say she prisoner was perfectly sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-158" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-158" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS FORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector G</hi>). I was present when the charge was taken—what the last witness has said is correct—the prisoner was brought in by the constable, who made a statement to me in the prisoner's presence, that he had thrown his wife out of the window—I told the prisoner he would be charged—he said "What for?"—I said "For throwing your wife</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020027"/>
<p>out of the window"—he said "I did not, she fell out"—the next day I went to the hospital where the wife was—she made a statement in the prisoner's presence—I took it down in writing at the time—this is it. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>:" I went to meet my husband on Saturday evening about 6 p.m. When we arrived at home he began to quarrel because I had got no tea, then he began to beat my Annie because she cried for some tea. I told him not to hit the child, when he knocked me down, and threw the paraffin lamp at me, and tried to set me alight. When the person upstairs came down he said he would leave off. Directly she left he began knock
<lb/>ing me about, and kicked me on to the fender. I asked him-to let me go out, but he would not. He then went over to the door, and said he would throw me and the child out of the window. He then took hold of me round the waist and threw me out of the window. The window was open at the time, and had been open all day."
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner.</hi> "Was not I sitting at the door, half awake, and half asleep, when I looked round and found that you were in the yard?" "That is not true.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-159" type="surname" value="COATES"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-159" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COATES</persName> </hi>. I am a Bachelor of Medicine—I was house-surgeon at Bartholomew's Hospital when the prosecutrix was brought in—she was lying on a stretcher quite insensible—I examined her; I could not find any bruises upon her, nor any bones fractured, and the movement of all her limbs was perfectly natural—after a few minutes she began to become conscious, and when quite conscious she complained of very great pain in the left knee and hip and the lower part of her back—she was taken into one of the wards, and put to bed—next day there was a alight swelling in the knee and hip, and the day afterwards a good deal more—at first I did not think she was very much hurt, but next day she appeared very much injured—afterwards there was effusion into the knee joint, and a good deal of swelling; the whole of the left thigh was exceedingly tender and painful to the touch, the left hip joint showed signs of bruising, and there was a general shock to the system—for the first three days I could not say whether she would recover or die—it was the 12th April before she could go to the police-court, and then only with great difficulty—she is still suffering from injury to the left hip—I cannot tell whether she will recover from that; certainly not for some time—the injuries were such as would be produced by being thrown from a window; I should have expected them to have been more serious—I could not tell whether she had been drinking or not; I do not think she had.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>, I have three little children. She loves another. She was always bruising me and knocking me about. I have a black eye, and I have been stabbed with knives and forks every night I go home. She got out of the window herself. I have stopped her from doing all manner of tricks several times when she has had a drop of drink.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18810502-456-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-456-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-456-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on Second Count.</hi> </rs>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-456-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-456-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-456-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-456-18810502 t18810502-456-punishment-24"/>Twelve Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-457">
<interp inst="t18810502-457" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-457" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-457-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-457-18810502 t18810502-457-offence-1 t18810502-457-verdict-1"/>
<p>457.
<persName id="def1-457-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-457-18810502" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-457-18810502" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-457-18810502" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-457-18810502" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALICE SMITH</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-457-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-457-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-457-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, Unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. F. SAFFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18810502-457-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-457-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-457-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy</hi>.</rs>
<rs id="t18810502-457-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-457-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-457-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-457-18810502 t18810502-457-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Week in Newgate without Hord Labour.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020028"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 4, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-458">
<interp inst="t18810502-458" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-458" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-458-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-458-18810502 t18810502-458-offence-1 t18810502-458-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-458-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-458-18810502 t18810502-458-offence-2 t18810502-458-verdict-2"/>
<p>458.
<persName id="def1-458-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-458-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-458-18810502" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-458-18810502" type="surname" value="OTTWAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-458-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN BETTS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BETTS OTTWAY</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-458-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-458-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-458-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>, Having been adjudged a bank
<lb/>rupt, concealing his goods to the amount of 178
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and </rs>
<persName id="def2-458-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-458-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-458-18810502" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def2-458-18810502" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="def2-458-18810502" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WEBSTER</hi> (55)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-458-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-458-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-458-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>, aiding and assisting him.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-163" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-163" type="surname" value="GIFFARD"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-163" type="given" value="HABDINGE"/>SIR HABDINGE GIFFARD</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. J. P. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HERBERT</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">READ</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Ottway, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Webster</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-164" type="surname" value="STACEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-164" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED STACEY</persName> </hi>. I am Superintendent of the London Bankruptcy Court—I produce the file of proceedings in the bankruptey of Frederick Betts Ottway—it contains the examination of both the defendants; the order to prosecute, dated 30th January, 1881; the petition for adjudi
<lb/>cation and the statement of affairs, both dated 80th July, 1879—the debts are 6,810
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 0
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and the assets 636
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>. There is a resolution on 8th July, 1880, "That a further sum of 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. be allowed to the trustee on account of his remuneration, &c."—that is signed by the creditors present, of whom Webster was one—Webster was a creditor for 115
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—Mr. Wynn is a creditor for 37
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I do not know whether he is the prosecutor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-165" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-165" type="given" value="CHARLES LEGGATT"/>CHARLES LEGGATT BARBER</persName> </hi>. I am one of the official shorthand writers of the Bankruptcy Court—I took notes of Ottway's examination on all the occasions, aid also of Webster's examination; they are on the file—I have examined the whole of them; they are correct. (
<hi rend="italic">Both the de
<lb/>fendants examinations were here read</hi>.).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>. Webster's son was examined on a subsequent occasion by the prosecuting solicitor—it was a long examina
<lb/>tion—the same books were examined, and he explained them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-166" type="surname" value="ELY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-166" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES ELY</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to the trustee—I was present at Ottway's examination—this memorandum, dated 24th February, 1880, and signed W. Webster, was put in. (
<hi rend="italic">This was addressed to Messrs. Boys and Child, requesting them to call a meeting at once, that Ottway should have his discharge; another letter from Webster; enclosing cheque for</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">was put in; also a letter from Ottway to Messrs. Boys and Child, requesting them to obtain his discharge; the witness's notes of Ottway's evidence, taken in the trustee's office, were also put in and partly read</hi>.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>. A meeting of the committee was called on, I believe, 8th March, 1880, to discuss the removal of the furniture to Webster's house, but I was not present—Mr. Wynn, Mr. Beale, and Webster were members of the committee of inspection—another meeting was called for the same purpose, I believe on 15th March, but I do not remember whether Mr. Beale or Mr. Wynn attended—I believe they did not—I have never seen them at any meeting since—I believe there was a third meeting, but they did not attend; they always had notice—a general meeting of the creditors was then called, and Mr. Beale and Mr. Wynn received notice of it, but they were not there—there was, I believe, a meeting of creditors on 1st July, and a resolution to accept 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the property, and the trustee received this cheque for 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which was paid—I wrote to Mr. Ditton, Mr. Wynn's solicitor—I was not present at the meetings of the committee afterwards, but I believe they passed a reso
<lb/>lution accepting 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I remember writing
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> Mr. Wynn, but I cannot remember the subject of the letter—I was present at a meeting on 8th December, 1880, when Mr. Wynn called the creditors together to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020029"/>
<p>remove the trustee, Mr. Child, but three-fourths of the creditors voted for retaining him—31 members were present—all the circumstances of the removal of the furniture were explained at the meeting.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. Mr. James John Brown, a creditor for 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., refused to remove Mr. Child, and so did a creditor for 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I did not see Mr. Henry Holt there; he is a public-house broker—Boys and Child are chartered accountants, very well known in the City—Mr. Child is the trustee still; he is not the prosecutor—I do not know that he has refused to prosecute—the Court can order him to do so, but they have not—I took notes in shorthand—I was appointed in the creditors' interests, not the debtors'—I believe Mr. Child has taken care of the creditors' interests in getting all the information he can.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I should say that the steps about the furniture were initiated by Mr. Child, who I should say has done everything which a trustee ought to do—I do not know that the creditors arrived at the conclusion that the prosecution ought not 'to take place—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the circular sent out to convene the meeting to displace Mr. Child—I do not know that before that Mr. Wynn had received circulars in favour of removing Mr. Child—I am not aware that Mr. Child admitted that there was no ground for his insinuations against Mr. Wynn—I have no reason for connecting Mr. Beale and Mr. Wynn in this matter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WEBB</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). I took Ottway, and three or four days afterwards I went to the Colonial Restaurant, Mincing Lane, where I found a large, quantity of plate, of which this is a list (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).—I afterwards received smaller quantities of plate from different persons, and from an inspector at Islington Police-station one dozen table knives, two spoons, and a napkin—the dozen of table knives Mr. Crole handed to me at the police-court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-167" type="surname" value="ELMER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-167" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ELMER</persName> </hi>. I keep the Old Greyhound, Milton Street—I took the house from the brewers through Otway's instructions—I did not succeed Ottway, he was only manager; I do not know to whom—I produce' the plate which I took over—I bought the house "all at,"
<hi rend="italic">bar</hi> the furniture—I paid the brewers—there were some loose things, pots and glass and things belonging to the business, for which I paid Mr. Crole 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I cannot say whether any plated things were included.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. This was a "change," and I paid over my money and took all there was in the house, and among other things these, which are not worth 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-168" type="surname" value="DUNBAR"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-168" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DUNBAR</persName> </hi>. I am a silversmith—I have known Ottway two and a half years—I was introduced to him three months after he went to the Excise Tavern, and while he was there I sold him plated goods, value about 135
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he gave me a cheque for 36
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on account and two bills of 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each, which were dishonoured, and the amount is still owing to the" tavern—I went there shortly before the petition for liquidation, and saw the plate there—I afterwards, at the request of Mr. Ditton, went to the Colonial Tavern, and saw come plate there which I identified as mine—I also recognised some plate at Guildhall Police-court—this plate produced here is mine.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. It is the very best electro-plate—I value what I saw at the Colonial at 35
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I saw half of it at Guildhall.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-169" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-169" type="given" value="MICHAEL JOHN"/>MICHAEL JOHN PRICE</persName> </hi>. I keep a restaurant in Coleman Street—Ottway came there to help me as a friend, and finding that there was not enough</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020030"/>
<p>plate, he brought these articles, and when he was arrested he left them there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. They are worth about 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. secondhand, but you could not get them new at that price.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-170" type="surname" value="KEATING"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-170" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KEATING</persName> </hi>. I am foreman at Britannia Wharf, Shepherdess Walk—on 3rd February I found these plated goods on the edge of the wharf, near the water's edge—I took them to Islington Police-station—they are marked "Excise Tavern," and fourteen forks are marked "J. B. Ottway, Excise Tavern."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-171" type="surname" value="KELDAY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-171" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR KELDAY</persName> </hi>. I am an auctioneer, of 64, Finsbury Pavement, and am unfortunately part proprietor of the Colonial Dining-rooms—Ottway entered my employment there about 18 months ago, and brought some plate, which he left behind him when he left my employ, being deficient in his cash, and said that we could take it for the money due.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-172" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-172" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BELL</persName> </hi>. I am a stationer in the employ of Messrs. Waterlow and Sons—I became acquainted with Ottway at the Daily dining-rooms—there is a piano club where I am employed, and this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>). is a memorandum of the subscriptions paid by the members of the club—the prisoner paid a subscription in respect of two pianos up to the first Thursday in August, 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on one account and 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the other—one of those pianos was in my possession in December, 1879—he had the other back in October, 1879—he had the second one back in the latter part of December—I took care of them while his affairs were being settled—when he got the first one back in October, he said thafr his affairs were settled—he had them on a hiring agreement in the first place—one went to his house at Forest Hill and another to Mr. Ford, of Chatham, who, I believe, is his father-in-law—he told me that he had sold one—I have not seen them since they went away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. We have a club among the
<hi rend="italic">employes</hi> of the firm—we pay monthly subscriptions, and there is a ballot who shall have the piano—I am the secretary, and go through the form of letting the pianos on the hire system—these two pianos were let in that way to Ottway—they do not become the property of the hirer till the purchase money is paid—he had not paid the whole of his subscriptions on either when the removal took place, and he had not acquired any property in them—the value was 47 guineas each—it was my duty in the event of a member of the society becoming bankrupt or liquidating to see that the pianos are restored to the society, because I am responsible for them—I took them away because Ottway told me that he would shortly have to file his petition, and when he told me that he had arranged his affairs, I let them go back—I consider that I have a right to claim them wherever they may be.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>. I do not know whether the trustee in bankruptcy claims them—I claim them—I have had to give them up—I have lost my money—I have not been prosecuted for receiving them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. The club is for buying pianos so that each may get one in turn—the price of each was 36
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—Ottway won one by ballot, and each member has to sign an agreement that it is my property till paid for—after he had them back he paid me two guinea a month for each, for three months—both were the same price—he wanted the second piano at once without chancing the ballot, and I let him have it by paying 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. down and the rest by instalments—on the morning of my examination at the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020031"/>
<p>Bankruptcy Court he called and said that he had sold one piano—I have received 34
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on one and 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the other—it is all entered on this sheet, but since that I have had five guineas on one and 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from Mr. Ford on the other—the person who takes away the piano gives me the agreement—it is my document of title—the first agreements were given up and new ones substituted—I knew in October that he had been bankrupt in August.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-173" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-173" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I knew Horace Twiss a cook—I was present at his death in April.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WEBB</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I heard Horace Twiss examined—the prisoner had the opportunity of cross-examining him. (
<hi rend="italic">The deposition of Horace Twiss was here put in</hi>.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-174" type="surname" value="TYRRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-174" type="given" value="RICHARD JOSEPH"/>RICHARD JOSEPH TYRRELL</persName> </hi>. I am a dairyman of Grocers' Hall Court, Poultry—I have known Ottway over six years—I bought a piano of him in May, 1880, and paid him a cheque for 11
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and afterwards the balance 35
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. altogether—it came from Stanstead Road, Forest Hill—he asked me to purchase it, and said that he had it from a club, and there were a few pounds to pay, and when I paid him he would pay the balance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OTTWAY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-458-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-458-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-458-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-458-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-458-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-458-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-458-18810502 t18810502-458-punishment-26"/>Six Months' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEBSTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">received a good character.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-458-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-458-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-458-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-459">
<interp inst="t18810502-459" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-459" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-459-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-459-18810502 t18810502-459-offence-1 t18810502-459-verdict-1"/>
<p>459.
<persName id="def1-459-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-459-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-459-18810502" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-459-18810502" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-459-18810502" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID MURRAY</hi> (40)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-459-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-459-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-459-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810502-459-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-459-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-459-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>to embezzling 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and 22
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of
<persName id="t18810502-name-176" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-176" type="surname" value="COLQUHOUN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-176" type="given" value="MALCOLM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-459-offence-1 t18810502-name-176"/>Malcolm Colquhoun</persName> his master.
<hi rend="italic">There were four other indictments against him. He admitted there were defalcations to the extent of</hi> 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-459-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-459-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-459-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-459-18810502 t18810502-459-punishment-27"/>Fifteen Months' Hard labour</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-460">
<interp inst="t18810502-460" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-460" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-460-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-460-18810502 t18810502-460-offence-1 t18810502-460-verdict-1"/>
<p>460.
<persName id="def1-460-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-460-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-460-18810502" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-460-18810502" type="surname" value="HARROGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-460-18810502" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK HARROGAN</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-460-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-460-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-460-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18810502-name-178" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-178" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-178" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-460-offence-1 t18810502-name-178"/>Thomas Parker</persName> and stealing his watch.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RAVEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-179" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-179" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS PARKER</persName> </hi>. I keep a hotel at 28, Surrey Street, Strand—on the 30th March I had been to Victoria Station; I was going home; it was rather later than 12 o'clock; I went along the Embankment to the entrance to the Temple Station, and in turning towards the Temple Station I saw two men at the foot of the steps and a woman half-way up—I had my coat buttoned as it is now—as I was going up the steps a third man that I had not seen placed his hand round my throat: I could not see his face, he was so close behind me—he then dropped his hand from my throat, and laid hold of my coat and pulled me down on my back—the two men who were at the foot of the stairs then rushed up; they ripped up my overcoat, then my under-coat—I had a watch in my waistcoat; it was attached by this chain (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I put my right hand over the chain; one of the men slid his hand over mine along the chain, got the watch, and twisted it off the swivel; I could not see which did it—while they were taking the watch I was shouting "Murder," and fearing I should be struck I did not get up—in a few minutes a policeman came with a man in custody—I could not see the men farther than that they went up the steps.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were three men—I said at the police-court, "They dispersed in different directions after the robbery;" that is quite</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020032"/>
<p>correct—the swivel is wrenched, not broken—I said at the police-court I did not recognise the prisoner; I say so now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I suffered no pain—I am bound to say it was done in the most gentlemanly manner imaginable, but not approved.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-180" type="surname" value="DOWDY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-180" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED DOWDY</persName> </hi>. I am a messenger—I live at 22, Bridge Street, Mile End—on 30th March I was on the Thames Embankment, going towards the City—when I was about 20 yards from the Temple Station I heard a shout and a cry of "Murder"—I went across the road; just as I got to the middle of the road a man came from the direction of the City and a man ran up to a woman; the policeman came running by, and two men ran up the Embankment towards Westminster, one on the right-hand side and one on the left—the policeman followed them in the middle of the road, crying "Stop thief"—I followed the policeman, and when he was nearly up to him the man running on the left-hand side of the road stopped; the policeman went up and took him; it was the prisoner—I came back along with the policeman—Mr. Parker was lying down on the ground; I helped to pick him up—I got the policeman's lantern and looked about on the ground and found this bar of a chain; the chain was in Mr. Parker's hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was a fine night, moonlight as far as I can recollect—the electric light was out—I do not know who the man was who spoke to the woman; I did not see the direction in which he ran—the constable was in the road when the man stopped, and the man was on the pave
<lb/>ment, six or eight yards from the constable—I do not know what became of the woman—there were three men altogether.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-181" type="surname" value="KEENAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-181" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP KEENAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 286). I was on duty on the evening of 30th March near the Temple Station about 1.45—I heard a shout from the Temple Station; I could not distinctly hear what it was—I ran towards the place, and when running I heard another shout—when I got to the entrance to the Temple Station I saw the prisoner with two other men leaving the prosecutor, who was lying on the ground at the entrance to the Underground station at the foot of the steps—I saw a woman standing by the prisoner, and two other men, who on seeing me come up ran away—one ran up Arundel. Street, the other two towards Waterloo Bridge—I followed the prisoner and the other man; the prisoner separated from the other man, and I followed him alone for about 250 yards—when I was within 20 yards of the prisoner I shouted "Stop thief"—he stopped, turned round, and asked what was the matter—I ran up to him and took him into custody—I told him he would have to come back as there had been a man robbed—he said he did not do it—I said, "What were you running for?"—he said, "I was running after the other man"—there was no man running in front of him—the prisoner was dressed as he is now—I brought him back to the prosecutor, who was still lying on the ground, and he said, "That is the man," or "One of the men"—I asked him what had happened—he said he had lost his watch—I think the chain was lying on the man's breast—I took this bar off the boy—he searched for the bar and handed it to the pro
<lb/>secutor—I do not remember seeing the boy till I got back to the prosecutor; he might have been there, but I had not time to see him—the prisoner was taken to the station and charged; he said nothing—it was a cold, sharp night, and moonlight.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was a clear night; I cannot say whether the moon</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020033"/>
<p>was at fall, or whether there was a moon—there is electric light on the Embankment up to a certain time, but I cannot say whether it was alight then—there could hardly have been so much light if there were not a moon—all I know about the woman is I saw her at the railway-station—I was after the prisoner then—I was about 100 yards from the place when I first heard the cry of "Murder"—I was about eight or ten yards off when I saw the men standing round the prosecutor; they were in the act of leaving him—I saw them just as they were moving away—they were stooping—it would not be correct to say, "They all dispersed in different directions"—one man that got away ran with the prisoner for some distance—there was no turning; it was straight along the Embank
<lb/>ment—the prisoner was searched; nothing was found on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-460-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-460-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-460-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of felony in December</hi>, 1875,
<hi rend="italic">at Newington, in the name of Henry White</hi>.—
<rs id="t18810502-460-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-460-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-460-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-460-18810502 t18810502-460-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Ser
<lb/>vitude</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-461">
<interp inst="t18810502-461" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-461" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-461-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-461-18810502 t18810502-461-offence-1 t18810502-461-verdict-1"/>
<p>461.
<persName id="def1-461-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-461-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-461-18810502" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-461-18810502" type="surname" value="HERMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-461-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HERMAN</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-461-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-461-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-461-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18810502-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-183" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-183" type="surname" value="NICOL"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-183" type="given" value="JANE MATILDA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-461-offence-1 t18810502-name-183"/>Jane Matilda Nicol</persName>, and stealing a purse and 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Jury, being unable to agree, mere discharged without giving any verdict. He toot subsequently charged before another Jury, and no evidence being offered was found</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-461-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-461-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-461-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-462">
<interp inst="t18810502-462" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-462" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-462-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-462-18810502 t18810502-462-offence-1 t18810502-462-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-462-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-462-18810502 t18810502-462-offence-1 t18810502-462-verdict-2"/>
<p>462.
<persName id="def1-462-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-462-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-18810502" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-18810502" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-18810502" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDREW STEVENS</hi> (18)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-462-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-462-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-462-18810502" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-462-18810502" type="surname" value="WITHERINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-462-18810502" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WITHERINGTON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-462-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-462-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-462-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing a box and 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in money, of
<persName id="t18810502-name-186" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-186" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-462-offence-1 t18810502-name-186"/>the London and North-Western Bail way Company</persName> their masters.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEVENS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-462-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-462-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-462-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-187" type="surname" value="METCALFE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-187" type="given" value="AUSTIN"/>MR. AUSTIN METCALFE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Witherington</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-188" type="surname" value="MARKS"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-188" type="given" value="ALFRED EDWARD"/>ALFRED EDWARD MARKS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Royal Mint—on 22nd April I handed to Daniel Bradley two bags containing 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each in new coppers, to be sent to Mr. Shovelton, of Market Street, Lea, in Lanca
<lb/>shire—I saw him pack the bags in a box which I gave him for the purpose.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-189" type="surname" value="BRADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-189" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL BRADLEY</persName> </hi>. I am employed at the Royal Mint—on 22nd April I received from Marks two bags containing 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in coppers; I placed them in this box; I fastened the box up securely; I put a card upon it, and it was addressed to Mr. Shovelton—I handed the box over to Collier, a carman of the London and North-Western Railway; he signed a receipt for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-190" type="surname" value="COLLIER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-190" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COLLIER</persName> </hi>. I am a carman in the employ of the London and North-Western Railway at Broad Street Station—on 22nd April I col
<lb/>lected from the Royal Mint a box addressed to Mr. Shovelton, Market Street, Lea, in Lancashire—I took the box to Broad Street Station, and handed it over to checker Tallack.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-191" type="surname" value="TALLACK"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-191" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT TALLACK</persName> </hi>. I am a checker employed by the London and North-Western Railway Company at Broad Street Station—at 3.30 p.m. on 22nd April I received from the last witness a box addressed to Mr. Shovelton at Lea—it was in good condition—I handed it over to the porter Clark to take away to the No. 7 arch, which is called the Bolton Arch, as it contains the goods which go into the Bolton truck.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-192" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-192" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CLARK</persName> </hi>. I am a porter employed by the London and North-Western Railway Company—I received from Mr. Tallack, at 3.30 p.m., on 22nd April, a box addressed to Mr. Shovelton at Lea—I conveyed it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020034"/>
<p>to No. 7 arch and placed it by the tide of the dock—that is the ordinary way of dealing with these parcels—the dock is where the trucks come in—I do not know Stevens's hut.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. The "bank" is where goods are deposited in order to be loaded in the trucks—there are no huts on the bank—a gang of men were working in where the box was put at the time—they were in the service of the Company; carman who are not in the service of the Company have no right there—I have seen carman in some of the arches; I have seen them on the bank, but not in that particular arch.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-193" type="surname" value="SHOVELTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-193" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SHOVELTON</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, at 7, Market Street, Lea, in Lanca
<lb/>shire—on the 20th March I sent to the Royal Mint a 101. note, in order that coppers to that amount should be sent to me—I have not received them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-194" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-194" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DEAN</persName> </hi>. I am a porter in the employ of the London and North-Western Railway, at Broad Street—on the 22nd April I was at work at the capstan with Stevens, from about 11.45 a.m. to 11.15 p.m., with the exception of going to dinner and tea—I saw Witherington—I think it was after 7—I saw him later on, but cannot say if he was there when I left—Stevens hung my coat in his hut—I was a new hand—I saw Stevens take an empty box that looked like a champagne box, from behind the hut where we were at work—there was something in it when he brought it back and covered it over with straw—I do not know what it was—I heard some knocking like-iron-against iron in the hut—I saw Withering
<lb/>ton and Gray go once or twice into the hut while the knocking was going on—when I went to get my coat from the hut I met Stevens at the door—he threw out my coat, and said "It is all right," so that I did not go inside—Gray was in the hut—I could not say if Witherington was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The hut has no door—there is a lamp near—there are eight men working in the gang, under one foreman, named Brown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-195" type="surname" value="PARSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-195" type="given" value="BARRY"/>BARRY PARSON</persName> </hi>. I am a detective officer, employed by the London and North-Western Railway Company—a report of the loss of the box was made to me—in consequence I saw Stevens on the 25th April—I took his statement down in writing—I called Witherington into my office, and confronted him with Stevens—I said "Witherington, Stevens has made a statement accusing you of stealing a box of money from No. 7 arch on Friday night; I will read his statement to you; you need not say any
<lb/>thing in answer to it unless you like, but what you do say will be taken down in writing, and may be given in evidence against you"—I then read Stevens's statement to Witherington, Stevens being present—then Witherington made a statement, which I also took down in writing—these are the statements. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "April 25th, 1881. Stevens says, About 9.30 p.m. on Friday, the 22nd, Witherington came to me and said, "Cosher, there is a box of money in No. 7 arch;" he said "I have knocked it down into the dock and covered it over with straw." About half an hour after, he came up to me again, and said "I am going to get a basket to put it in, and I will brine it up to you, I left it in the second recess by the second column." About three quarters of an hour after, he brought it up into my cabin in a basket, and left it there. In about a quarter of an hour he came up and said, "Have you anything I could break it open with?" I said "You may find something in there." He went into the cabin and broke it open, I was outside</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020035"/>
<p>working the capstan at the time. When I had got about four waggons on the lift he came out and said "I have opened it." He went in the hut and pulled a bag out of the box, and gave me about 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., which I spent.' Witherington says: 'About 3 p.m. on Friday, April 22nd, I saw a box of money similar to the one produced, in No. 7 arch on the bank. About 8 p.m. Stevens asked me to fetch the box from No. 7 arch to his hut. I did not fetch it, but Stevens did, and took it into his hut and opened it. Stevens told his mate he was going into his hut to knock a few nails in to mend it. About 10 minutes past 11 p.m. he called me into the lift, and we went into his hut. I saw the box open, and two bags of money lying on the ground. Stevens's mate came to the hut, but Stevens would not let him go in, but handed him his coat out. About 11.30 p.m. I went into the hut used by Stevens; he was there, as also John Gray. They both had their trousers and coat pockets full of coppers; Gray said to me "You take some." I said I did not want to take any. Gray said "You take this outside," at the same time hand
<lb/>ing me about 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in new coppers. We then booked off duty. Stevens and I wanted to go back with, the other men, but Gray would not. We (Stevens, Gray, and myself) walked to Spitalfields Church, Gray leaving us there. Stevens and I then went for a walk to Commercial Road, where Stevens met a friend, and said to me "Give me the coin you have got." and I did so. He handed me 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver for them. He also handed me a 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece and half-a-crown of his own money, and asked me to mind them for him till the next morning. This I promised to do, and then I went home. I gave him that back when I came to work on Saturday morning.'") Sergeant Herron found the box produced—it was brought into my office and shown by me to the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not write shorthand—this is the original state
<lb/>ment as taken down in longhand—I told him to speak slowly, and to give it me exactly—he said it so that I might take it down—Sergeants Herron and Young were present—Smith was in and out—I asked Stevens to sign it, and it is signed—Witherington's statement is not signed—I did not direct him to sign it—I do not know why I did not ask him—I had no reason—I said to Stevens "Stevens, you have heard about the box of money being stolen from No. 7 Arch?" then he said "I know nothing about it"—I said "This box has been found near where you work, broken open, and 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of the money we think was stolen has been also found near where you work, and this instrument, which fits the marks of the box, has been found in your hut; have you anything to say about that?" and he said "I will tell you all about it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was holding an inquiry as to what had become of the box—I did not know then who took the box.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-196" type="surname" value="HERRON"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-196" type="given" value="RALPH"/>RALPH HERRON</persName> </hi>. I am a detective officer employed by this railway company—on the 23rd April, about 5.30 p.m., I found this broken box in No. 13 Arch—that is about 60 yards from No. 7—it was in the condi
<lb/>tion it is now—there was nothing in it—the next morning I searched the station and found the canvas bag produced concealed under a quantity of bales of waste lying in what is called the field—it has not been tam
<lb/>pered with—I searched the hut used by Stevens, and found this book concealed under some pieces of wood in the bottom of the cabin—it would not belong to the hut—I was present when the two statements were read—I heard them read at the police-court—they are a correct reproduction</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188105020036"/>
<p>of what was said—the prisoners saw them being written—I cautioned Stevens myself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Stevens spoke slowly—I told him to do so—there was no stoppage, it was written word for word as he spoke—he spoke in the ordinary way—it was the same with regard to Witherington.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-197" type="surname" value="EVE"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-197" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY EVE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 68). On Monday, the 25th April, I went to Broad Street with Constable Phillip—I took the prisoners and Gray to the police-station—I searched Witherington—I found 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., a knife, and a tobacco-pouch—Witherington made no reply when the charge was read over to him—Gray made a statement to mo the next morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-198" type="surname" value="BRADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-198" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL BRADLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This box is not in the state in which I sent it out—the money-bag is in the same state—I sent another similar to it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners received good characters</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WITHERINGTON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810502-462-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-462-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-462-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEVENS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810502-462-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-462-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-462-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-462-18810502 t18810502-462-punishment-29"/>Fifteen Months' Hard Labour</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, May</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Denman</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810502-463">
<interp inst="t18810502-463" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810502"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-463" type="date" value="18810502"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810502-463-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-463-18810502 t18810502-463-offence-1 t18810502-463-verdict-1"/>
<p>463.
<persName id="def1-463-18810502" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-463-18810502" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-463-18810502" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-463-18810502" type="surname" value="WEGENER"/>
<interp inst="def1-463-18810502" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WEGENER</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18810502-463-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810502-463-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-463-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18810502-name-200" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-200" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-200" type="surname" value="WEGENER"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-200" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810502-463-offence-1 t18810502-name-200"/>Eliza Wegener</persName>, with intent to murder.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LILLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810502-name-201" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810502-name-201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-201" type="surname" value="MOULFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18810502-name-201" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MOULFORD</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Rupert Road, Kilburn, and am a labourer—the prisoner and his wife lodged in the next room, and have done so for some years—on the 22nd March, about 2.30 in the morning, I was awoke by screams of murder from a female voice; the cries came from