<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
<TEI.2>
<text>
<body>
<div0 type="sessionsPaper" id="t18810228">
<interp inst="t18810228" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280001"/>
<xptr type="transcription" doc="18810228"/>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18810228">
<interp inst="f18810228" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="f18810228" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>McARTHUR, MAYOR.</p>
<p>FIFTH SESSION, HELD FEBRUARY 28TH, 1881.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE.</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18810228-name-1">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS AND SONS, 119, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, February 28th, 1881, and following days,</p>
<p>Including certain cases committed to this Court under order in Council, pursudnt to the Spring Assizes Act of 1879,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-2" type="surname" value="MCARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-2" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM McARTHUR</persName>, M.P., LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; The Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-3" type="surname" value="LINDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-3" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>NATHANIEL LINDLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of the Common Pleas Division of the High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-4" type="surname" value="CARDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-4" type="given" value="ROBERT WALTER"/>ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</persName> </hi>, Knt., M.P., and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-5" type="surname" value="DAKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-5" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DAKIN</persName> </hi>, Knt., Aldermen of the said city; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-6" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-6" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN WHITTAKER ELLIS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES-FIGGINS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-7" type="surname" value="NOTTAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-7" type="given" value="GEORGE SWAN"/>GEORGE SWAN NOTTAGE</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-8" type="surname" value="STAPLES"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-8" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN STAPLES</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-9" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-9" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM THOMAS CHABLEY</hi>, Knt., Q.O., D.O.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-10" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-10" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq., LL.D., Judge of the Sheriffs' Court: Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-11" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-11" type="given" value="ROBERT NICHOLAS"/>ROBERT NICHOLAS FOWLER</persName> </hi>, Esq., M.P., Alderman,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HEBBERT JAMESON WATERLOW</hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-12" type="surname" value="HANBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-12" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>ARCHIBALD HANBURY</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-13" type="surname" value="LAYTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-13" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN"/>EDWARD JOHN LAYTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280003"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McARTHUR, MAYOR. FIFTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners, have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to he the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-270">
<interp inst="t18810228-270" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-270" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-270-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-270-18810228 t18810228-270-offence-1 t18810228-270-verdict-1"/>
<p>270.
<persName id="def1-270-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-270-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-270-18810228" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-270-18810228" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-270-18810228" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WILSON</hi> (31)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-270-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-270-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-270-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810228-270-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-270-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-270-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to feloniously forging and Uttering an endorsement on a cheque for 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. with intent to defraud, having been before convicted.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-270-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-270-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-270-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-270-18810228 t18810228-270-punishment-1"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-271">
<interp inst="t18810228-271" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-271" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-271-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-271-18810228 t18810228-271-offence-1 t18810228-271-verdict-1"/>
<p>271.
<persName id="def1-271-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-271-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18810228" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18810228" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-271-18810228" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES KING</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-271-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-271-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-271-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18810228-271-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-271-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-271-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to having in his possession a mould for coining.
<hi rend="italic">A previous conviction was proved, and it was stated that</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">moulds were found in his possession.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18810228-271-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-271-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-271-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-271-18810228 t18810228-271-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-272">
<interp inst="t18810228-272" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-272" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-272-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-272-18810228 t18810228-272-offence-1 t18810228-272-verdict-1"/>
<p>272.
<persName id="def1-272-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-272-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-272-18810228" type="age" value="57"/>
<interp inst="def1-272-18810228" type="surname" value="JOHNS"/>
<interp inst="def1-272-18810228" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JOHNS</hi>** (57)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-272-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-272-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-272-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>; to unlawfully uttering a counter
<lb/>feit half crown, and to a previous conviction for a like offence in March, 1875.—</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-272-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-272-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-272-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-272-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-272-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-272-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-272-18810228 t18810228-272-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-273">
<interp inst="t18810228-273" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-273" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-273-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-273-18810228 t18810228-273-offence-1 t18810228-273-verdict-1"/>
<p>273.
<persName id="def1-273-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-273-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18810228" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18810228" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-273-18810228" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JOHNSON</hi>** (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-273-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-273-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-273-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, to Uttering a counterfeit florin.—</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-273-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-273-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-273-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-273-18810228 t18810228-273-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18810228-273-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-273-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-273-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-274">
<interp inst="t18810228-274" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-274" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-274-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-274-18810228 t18810228-274-offence-1 t18810228-274-verdict-1"/>
<p>274.
<persName id="def1-274-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-274-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-274-18810228" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-274-18810228" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-274-18810228" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WRIGHT</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-274-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-274-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-274-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>. to uttering two counterfeit half-crowns on the same day. [
<hi rend="italic">See New Court, Tuesday, Page</hi> 424.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-274-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-274-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-274-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-275">
<interp inst="t18810228-275" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-275" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-275-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-275-18810228 t18810228-275-offence-1 t18810228-275-verdict-1"/>
<p>275.
<persName id="def1-275-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-275-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18810228" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18810228" type="surname" value="HERITAGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-275-18810228" type="given" value="HENRY HEMMING"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HEMMING HERITAGE</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-275-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-275-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-275-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to two indictments for stealing six post
<lb/>office letters, the property of
<persName id="t18810228-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-275-offence-1 t18810228-name-20"/>the Postmaster-General</persName> </rs>
<rs id="t18810228-275-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-275-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-275-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-275-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-275-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-275-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-275-18810228 t18810228-275-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-276">
<interp inst="t18810228-276" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-276" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-276-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-276-18810228 t18810228-276-offence-1 t18810228-276-verdict-1"/>
<p>276.
<persName id="def1-276-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-276-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18810228" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18810228" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-276-18810228" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUIS LEWIS</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-276-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-276-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-276-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to two indictments for forging and uttering orders for 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.—
<rs id="t18810228-276-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-276-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-276-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-276-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-276-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-276-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-276-18810228 t18810228-276-punishment-6"/>Twelve Month' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-277">
<interp inst="t18810228-277" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-277" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-277-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-277-18810228 t18810228-277-offence-1 t18810228-277-verdict-1"/>
<p>277.
<persName id="def1-277-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-277-18810228" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18810228" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18810228" type="surname" value="CUMMINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18810228" type="given" value="MARY JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY JANE CUMMINS</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-277-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-277-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-277-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAWFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-23" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-23" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-23" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE JAMES</persName> </hi>. I attend my mother's shop at 109, Rotherfield Street, Islington—on 19th February, about 2.30 p.m., I served the prisoner with one penny worth of mixed sweets; she tendered this shillings; I tried it in my teeth; I asked my sister in the prisoner's presence to take it to the public-house opposite to see if it was good and get change—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280004"/>
<p>prisoner ran away; I ran after her; she went into a public-house; I met her—she had the sweets that I sold her in a tissue bag in her hand—I said, "Give me back those sweets"—she said, "I have not got them," and put her arm behind her and threw them away, bag and all—she was brought back to the shop—she said she had left a penny on the counter; there was no money there; she moved some bundles of wood with her right hand and dropped a penny with her left hand between the bundles—the constable was there—she picked up the penny and said, "Here is the penny; it has got knocked down"—the constable took it and the shilling.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> No other shilling was on the counter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-24" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-24" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>ESTHER PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>. I am the last witness's sister—she told me to take the shilling to the public-house to ask if it was good—Mr. Brooks at the public-house looked at it, said something, and put it on the counter—I brought the shilling back; the prisoner snatched it from my hand; she ran away up Essex Road to a public-house; my sister ran after her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-25" type="surname" value="CAVANAGH"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-25" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CAVANAGH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 75). I saw the prisoner going into the Three Brewers—Mrs. James laid hold of her—she gave me the counter
<lb/>feit shilling and gave the prisoner into custody—the prisoner put her hand behind her and dropped the sweets; they were scattered about—she said, "You have made a mistake, I have not been into your shop"—I went back to the shop with the prisoner and Mrs. James—the prisoner went to some piles of wood under the counter and moved three or four bundles and said, "Here is the penny; it must have dropped off the counter; I know nothing at all about the shilling"—she said at the police-station that she was an unfortunate woman, and had no home
<lb/>nothing was found on her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-26" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-26" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this is a bad shilling.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-277-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-277-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-277-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-277-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-277-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-277-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-277-18810228 t18810228-277-punishment-7"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-278">
<interp inst="t18810228-278" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-278" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-278-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-278-18810228 t18810228-278-offence-1 t18810228-278-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-278-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-278-18810228 t18810228-278-offence-1 t18810228-278-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-278-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-278-18810228 t18810228-278-offence-1 t18810228-278-verdict-1"/>
<p>278.
<persName id="def1-278-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-278-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18810228" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18810228" type="surname" value="SMILES"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18810228" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEOEGE SMILES</hi> (21)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-278-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-278-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-278-18810228" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-278-18810228" type="surname" value="BKOWN"/>
<interp inst="def2-278-18810228" type="given" value="HAERY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAERY BKOWN</hi> (18)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-278-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-278-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-278-18810228" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def3-278-18810228" type="surname" value="WALLACE"/>
<interp inst="def3-278-18810228" type="given" value="ERNEST JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST JOHN WALLACE</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-278-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-278-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-278-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAWFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-30" type="surname" value="HEARNE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-30" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HEARNE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant N</hi>). About 4.15 on 3rd February I saw the prisoners together in Islington; I was in plain clothes; I followed them to Mr. Nicholson's, a chemist, of 216, St. paul's Road, Highbury Smiles gave Wallace something; I saw him pass it into his hand—Wallace went into the shop for a short time; he came out; the three prisoners ran down St. Paul's Road into Essex Road; I and Nutkins followed them to 374, Essex Road, where Smiles gave Brown something—that was about 5.20—Brown went into a tobacconist's—I afterwards went in and saw Mrs. Newton—from what she told me I still followed the prisoners along the Essex Road; they separated and rejoined; we secured them; I took Smiles—I said, "I am a police-officer"—he said, "What do you want me for?"—I said, "I believe you have got bad money about you"—he asked to be allowed to put his hand into his pocket to get a bit of tobacco—I said he would have to wait till he got to the station—at the station he dropped two florins and half a crown through the leg of his trousers; I saw them come out at the bottom; I picked them up—I searched him; I found 11 sixpences, six shillings, and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze—I went the same evening to Mr. Nicholson's shop—I saw Mr. Dalkin, and received from him a counterfeit florin, which I saw him take</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280005"/>
<p>from his till; I marked it in his presence—Smiles made no reply to the charge. (
<hi rend="italic">Smiles and Brown here stated that they intended to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEAD GUILTY</hi>.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-31" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-31" type="surname" value="NUTKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-31" type="given" value="CHARIES"/>CHARIES NUTKIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective N</hi>). I confirm Hearne's evidence—I arrested Wallace; I told him I should take him into custody for having bad money—he said "I have got no
<hi rend="italic">sniding</hi> on me," which means, I think, passing bad money—I took him to the station and searched him—I found a seidlitz-powder and two corn plasters on him with Mr. Nicholson's label in his pocket; also some pawntickets and playing cards—he took the corn plasters from my hand, chewed them, and spit them out on the floor—I searched Brown also, and found a counterfeit florin in his coat pocket and two corn plasters.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wallace.</hi> I did not tell you you were taken for
<hi rend="italic">snide
<lb/>pitching</hi>—we had a difficulty in getting you to the station—I did not hear you ask what you were charged with—I did not say to you "If you get him off I will give you best, you cannot lick me;" nor that I would give you a chalk, nor anything of the kind.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-32" type="surname" value="DALKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-32" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK DALKIN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Nicholson, chemist, of 216, St. Paul's Road, Islington—about 4.30 p.m. on 3rd February I served Wallace with two corn plasters and a seidlitz powder—he tendered a two-shilling piece—I gave him the change, the price being threepence—I put it in the till—no other florin was in the till—about an hour and a half afterwards an officer came, and in consequence of what he said I looked in the till and found this bad florin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it was marked in my presence—I recognise the mark, also the seidlitz packet—I gave the prisoner a shilling, sixpence, and three coppers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wallace.</hi> You Were fetohed out of the cells with several prisoners—I recognised you—it is not true that I said I could not swear to you till the detective knocked my arm, when I said all right—I picked you out at once; I had a good look round to be perfectly sure, but I did not hesitate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-33" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-33" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-33" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH NEWTON</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Benjamin Newton, tobacconist, of 374, Essex Road, Islington—I served Brown about 4.40 p.m. with a twopenny cigar—he tendered a two-shilling piece—I tried it in my teeth—it was not good—I said "This is not good;" he said "Isn't it? I believe it is"—I gave it him back, and took back the cigar—he did not ask me for it—my husband was ill at the time, and I was so troubled I did not know what I was doing for the moment—Hearne came into the shop five minutes afterwards—I told him what had passed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wallace.</hi> I did not see you get out of the police van—I did not swear to any one at the police-court, I said it was to the best of my recollection—I am positive now it was Brown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-34" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-34" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These four florins and half-crown are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Wallace's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I met the two prisoners at the corner of Essex Road, and walked with them as far as Windsor Street. Then the constable caught hold of us and said he wanted me for
<hi rend="italic">snide-pitching.</hi> I said I had no
<hi rend="italic">snide</hi>, and had nothing on me. I had neither corn-plasters or seidlitz powders, and no bad money either."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Wallace in defence, called</hi>,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-35" type="surname" value="SMILES"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-35" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SMILES</persName> </hi>. I have pleaded guilty. I met Wallace at the corner of Britannia and Essex Roads—I asked him whether he was going towards the Angel—Brown said "We are going somewhere, and do not want you"—I was just leaving when we were taken into custody—no corn-plasters</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280006"/>
<p>or seidlitz powders were found on wallace; they were found on Brown—the detective said if I got Wallace off he would give me best—I do not remember your saying "Where is that corn-plaster?" and the detective saying "You have swallowed it"—he did say at the police-station "I saw so corn-plasters in Wallace's mouth"—we were all called put of the cells—the chemist said he could not swear to Wallace at first—the detective did something, I do not know what it was, them the chemist said Wallace was the man that was with us that day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY BROWN</hi>. I have pleaded guilty—Wallace was not with us till we came to the Britannia and Essex Roads—no seidlitz powders or corn plasters were taken from Wallace—the detective said to me "If you get Wallace off I will give you best."</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18810228-278-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-278-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-278-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.**
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALLACE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to
<hi rend="italic">a conviction of felony in October</hi>, 1879.—
<rs id="t18810228-278-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-278-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-278-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-278-18810228 t18810228-278-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two years' Imprisionment.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMILES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-278-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-278-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-278-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-278-18810228 t18810228-278-punishment-9"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-278-18810228 t18810228-278-punishment-9"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-279">
<interp inst="t18810228-279" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-279" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-279-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-279-18810228 t18810228-279-offence-1 t18810228-279-verdict-1"/>
<p>279.
<persName id="def1-279-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-279-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18810228" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18810228" type="surname" value="MORTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18810228" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MORTON</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-279-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-279-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-279-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS CRAWFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-37" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-37" type="surname" value="BIGGS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-37" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE BIGGS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Henry Adams, draper, of Goldhawk Road, Hammersmith—on 11th February about 3 p.m. I served the prisoner with a pocket-handkerchief at 7 3/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me half-a-crown with a penny on the top of it—from what I saw I called Mrs. Adams—she came and asked him if it was his and if he knew it was bad—he made no reply—she said "I have tad so many bad half-crowns that I have said the next one that came in I would prosecute"—she sent me for a police-man—the prisoner ran to the door—he took the handkerchief with him—she ran after him; he pushed her aside and got away—she followed him he was brought back in about twenty minutes—he had left the half-crown and the penny—I gave the half-crown to the constable—this is it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-38" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-38" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE ADAMS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Henry Adams, who keeps this shop—I was called by the last witness—she showed me the half-crown before I got in the shop—I said to the prisoner "Is this your half-crown;" he said "Yes;" I said "I have had so many cases of trying to pass bad money that I have made up my mind to prosecute; do you know it is bad?"—he said nothing—I sent Biggs for a policeman—I stood with my back to the door, and said "You will not leave this shop"—he gave me a push and got by—the door opened outwards—I followed and cried out "Stop him"—I went about four houses and lost sight of him—he was brought back in some little time—he took the handkerchief with him—he had not it when he was brought back by the inspector—I said "This Is the man with gloves"—he had fur top gloves on—the handkerchief was brought back to the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-39" type="surname" value="WOODS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-39" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WOODS</persName> </hi>. I am a bricklayer of 3, Broadmoor Park Villas, Hammersmith—I saw the prisoner run out of the shop, and run near the Shepherd's Bush Station, and throw something, away—I lost sight of him for several minutes—I saw him again in the Uxbridge Road, walking sharply—I pointed him out to the inspector—he went into the public-house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-40" type="surname" value="WALLACE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-40" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WALLACE</persName> </hi>. I am a railway ticket collector, at Shepherd's Bush Railway Station—I heard people running—I saw the prisoner throw Something over the barrier—I got across and picked up this handker
<lb/>chief wrapped in a piece of paper—about twenty minutes afterwards a policeman Drought the prisoner, and I handed it to him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280007"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-41" type="surname" value="PITTS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-41" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD PITTS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector X</hi>). On the 11th February, in con
<lb/>sequence of what Woods said to me, I what into a public-house with him, where I saw the prisoner—he came with me to Mrs. Adam's shop—the prosecutrix there said the prisoner had passed a bad half-crow—Woods said in the prisoner's presence that he had thrown the hand
<lb/>kerchief into the railway station at Shepherd's Bush, and I called there and this handkerchief was handed to me by Wallace—at the shop Mrs. Adams looked in the prisoner's face and said "This is the man"—the prisoner made no remark to that, but he said to another person who is not a witness "I will answer it at the proper place"—the prisoner took a penny off the counter and put it in the ticket-pocket of his coat—I asked him why he did it—he said "It belongs to be," and the prosecutrix explained that he had placed it over the half-crown—she identified the handkerchief—she said to the prisoner "Why did you run away if you were not guilty?"—he said "I was afraid I should he locked up"—I said "What is your address"—he said "I have got a wife who is sick, and I do not wish to give any address"—I said "Why not? If you do not it will possibly he worse for you"—he said "I am the best judge of that"—I found on him a shilling, sixpence, and fourpence in bronze good money, and a pawn-ticket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-42" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-42" type="given" value="WILLIAN"/>WILLIAN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> It never entered my head that the half-crown was bad till the lady came down like a mad woman and said it was bad I bought the pawn-ticket found on me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-279-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-279-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-279-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, March</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-280">
<interp inst="t18810228-280" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-280" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-280-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-280-18810228 t18810228-280-offence-1 t18810228-280-verdict-1"/>
<p>280.
<persName id="def1-280-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-280-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18810228" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18810228" type="surname" value="MONTAGUE"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18810228" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY MONTAGUE</hi> (31)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-280-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-280-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-280-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810228-280-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-280-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-280-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to five indictments for feloniously forging and uttering bills of exchange for 525
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 272
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 120
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 47
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and 115
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud,—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-280-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-280-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-280-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-280-18810228 t18810228-280-punishment-10"/>*Ten Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-281">
<interp inst="t18810228-281" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-281" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-281-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-281-18810228 t18810228-281-offence-1 t18810228-281-verdict-1"/>
<p>281.
<persName id="def1-281-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-281-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18810228" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18810228" type="surname" value="CREWE"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18810228" type="given" value="JOSHUA BOULCOTT WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSHUA BOULCOTT WILLIAM CREWE</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-281-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-281-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-281-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an acceptance to a bill of exchange for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HOLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-45" type="surname" value="PENROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PENROSE</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Matthew Rose, a draper, of Mare Street, Hackney—he has had business transactions with the prisoner for some tune—in September last he was indebted to us 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. as a customer—I had applied to him several times for payment—at the latter end of September he called at our shop, produced this bill for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., dated 21st September, at two months, drawn by J. Crewe and accepted R. Larchin, payable at the Royal Exchange Bank—he said he could not pay the amount of his debt and would we accept this as security; we agreed to do so—the bill became due on 24th November—he called on Friday, the 26th, and asked if it had been presented—I said "Yes"—he said "You have made a mistake, it is not due yet," and he wished ns to send to the bank to see if it had been paid—we sent on Monday morning, and found that it had been paid—he called again on the Monday and our clerk handed him the balance of the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., after deducting the 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-46" type="surname" value="STOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-46" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN STOCK</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the Royal Exchange Bank—Mr.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280008"/>
<p>Robert Larchin kept an account there—on 24th November this cheque was paid through the clearing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not had many bills drawn by Crewe and accepted by Larchin pass through my hands; I only know of one; they would not necessarily pass through my hands—10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was paid in by some one on 29th November to Mr. Larchin's account—this is the credit slip; I can't say whose writing it is—I have seen Mr. Larchin's hand
<lb/>writing; I cannot tell whether this is his.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-47" type="surname" value="LABCHIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-47" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT LABCHIN</persName> </hi>. I carry on business at 4, Finsbury Circus—I am secretary to an Italian sulphur company—I kept an account at the Royal Exchange Bank, Cornhill—no part of this acceptance is my writing—I never authorised the prisoner or any one to sign it for me; I always sign my own cheques—I first ascertained about 10th or 12th December that it had been paid at the bank and entered to my account—I imme
<lb/>diately wrote to the prisoner to call on me; be did not come—Mr. Mobbs, a friend of his, called about two days afterwards; I had a conversation with him—afterwards a warrant was obtained by the bank—on 13th May, 1879, the prisoner applied to me by this letter to make him an advance of 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on a bill at three months; it was sent in to me while I was at a board meeting, and I wrote on the back of it that I could not procure him anybody else's acceptance, but he might have mine—he thereupon drew on me for 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which bill matured on 30th August—I have here the entry, "My acceptance to Crewe, he to pay 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>."—he was to meet the bill either by payment of the money in or by withdrawing the bill
<hi rend="italic">from</hi> circulation, which he did; it was never presented; I never had the slightest benefit from it—according to the entry in my diary that bill was renewed for 31
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at two months; therefore I presume he was not in a position to meet it—the 31
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill was due on 1st November, 1879—on that occasion it was retired by a payment of 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and renewed at 26
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. that became due on 9th December; it was paid into my bankers, that being the only bill that was presented there—I handed that bill to Mr. Mobbs, at his request—there is not the slightest truth in the sugges-tion that I authorised the prisoner to sign my name, or that he was to pay in 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to meet this bill.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was only this one bill transaction between us—I never accepted any other bill but this, and its renewals—as a commission agent he has procured discounts for me, for which I have paid him com
<lb/>mission—I have had several transactions with him in business, not acceptances of mine, drafts of mine accepted by other persons, about a dozen, perhaps, not more—on one or two occasions I accepted these re
<lb/>newals in blank for him to fill in the amounts—they were on a 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. bill stamp; he told me he hoped to reduce the amount—I should say I have accented six or seven bills at his request, two or three of which were in blank; he was to pay in the money to meet them; he never did so till the last occasion—I have a record in my diary of the different bills; they all relate to the same bill—this pay slip of 29th November for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. is not my writing; I believe it is his—he did not advise me that he had paid in 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to meet the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. bill; he generally came to me the day before the bills came due to renew them—I have negotiated with him about advances on property and sundry matters—I never repu
<lb/>diated a bill and subsequently admitted that it was my writing—the bank sent to me on one occasion to take up a bill which they said was my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280009"/>
<p>signature; I said it was not, that it was a forgery; they compared it with the signature-book, and said they could see no difference in the signature—that was some time in January this year; it was one of many bills drawn by the prisoner; 17 of them have turned up since—I have known him 20 years; we were on very intimate terms.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The limit of a 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. stamp is 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the object of leaving the amounts in blank was that he hoped to reduce it, if not he would have to renew for the full amount.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-48" type="surname" value="MOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-48" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MOBBS</persName> </hi>. I was trustee to pay the prisoner's creditors in full, and the residue to the wife and family—I called on Mr. Larchin on 28th January; previous to that I had received a communication from the prisoner—it was not altogether on that account that I called—he handed me over this 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill, which was due on 9th December.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I said before the Magistrate that in my opinion the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. bill was in Mr. Larchin's handwriting; I am still of the same opinion—I have known the prisoner several years—he was on very inti
<lb/>mate terms with Mr. Larchin—he has always borne the character of a respectable man—he was in the habit of carrying a pistol for three or four years; he had a pocket made expressly for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I say now that I think the bill is Mr. Larchin's hand
<lb/>writing—I have not made an opposite statement to Mr. Larchin or his partner, Mr. Gush, or to the police-sergeant—I have had several con
<lb/>versations with Mr. Gush; I produced to him a list of bills which I said were in the prisoner's writing; I called out the amounts—it was not a list of bills which the prisoner said he had forged; he merely handed me a list of bills which were then floating—they were not all bills pur
<lb/>porting to be drawn by the prisoner on Mr. Larchin; I can't say how many were—I said if the bills were forgeries he ought to be punished; I did not say there was no doubt they were forgeries.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-49" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-49" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MITCHELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). On 10th January a warrant was put into my hands for the prisoner's apprehension—he carried on business in Chancery Lane, but he had not been there for some considerable time—I was not able to find him until 2nd February; I was then watching the London and North-Western booking-office at Albert Gate, when I saw the prisoner enter; I addressed him as Mr. Crewe; he said "Yes"—I said "I am a detective officer of the City of London police, I hold a warrant, for your arrest, which I will read to you;" I read the warrant; he said "My name is not William John Boulcott Crewe, but Joseph Boulcott William Crewe"—I said "Are you the person referred to in this warrant?" he said, "Yes, I believe I am, it is all a mistake; I have paid the money in to meet two bills of Mr. Larchin's, one of which is a bill of 14 guineas referred to in the warrant"—I then took him to the City; on the way he put his hand into one of his pockets, and took from it this pistol, and said "Be careful, it is loaded and capped; lean do no mischief now"—he was searched, and a bill was found on him, one of the renewals for 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The bills and other documents were handed to the Jury for comparison, and they expressed their opinion that the signature alleged to be a forgery was the genuine signature of Mr. Larchin.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-281-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-281-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-281-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-282">
<interp inst="t18810228-282" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-282" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-282-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-282-18810228 t18810228-282-offence-1 t18810228-282-verdict-1"/>
<p>282.
<persName id="def1-282-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-282-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18810228" type="surname" value="CREWE"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18810228" type="given" value="JOSHUA BOULCOTT WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSHUA BOULCOTT WILLIAM CREWE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18810228-282-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-282-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-282-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> in-dicted for feloniously forging and uttering an acceptance to a bill of exchange for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280010"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GORE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HOLLINGS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-51" type="surname" value="TIMBRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-51" type="given" value="ANDREW WILLIAM"/>ANDREW WILLIAM TIMBRELL</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the employ of Mr. Eyre, a solicitor, of Eastcheap—in August, 1879, he recovered judg
<lb/>ment against the prisoner for 52
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., a balance of 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was still unpaid last year—the prisoner came to our office with this bill for 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and left it with me as security for the payment of that balance—it came due on 4th December—I did not myself present it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-52" type="surname" value="HARPER"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-52" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HARPER</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Mr. Eyre—I received this bill from Timbrell—I presented it at the bank, it was cashed, and I handed the balance, 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., to the prisoner, and he gave me this recoipt for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was cashed at the Royal Exchange Bank—I presume that was Mr. Larchin's bank—they made no hesitation in paying it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-53" type="surname" value="STOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-53" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN STOCK</persName> </hi>. This bill was paid through our bank on 4th December.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-54" type="surname" value="LARCHIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-54" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT LARCHIN</persName> </hi>. This acceptance is not my writing, or written by my authority—I produce a genuine signature of mine; I can point out differences between the two; the "d" in the word "accepted;" the "B" in "Bank;" and the "k" in "bank;" and the "r" in the signature—I have an entry in my diary of every renewal of the 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill—with the exception of those renewals I never accepted any bill for the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I still flay that the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. bill is a forgery—15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid in to my bank on the same day that the 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. bill became due; but not by me—the 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill was due on 9th December; the 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid in on 4th December.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-282-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-282-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-282-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-283">
<interp inst="t18810228-283" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-283" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-283-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-283-18810228 t18810228-283-offence-1 t18810228-283-verdict-1"/>
<p>283.
<persName id="def1-283-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-283-18810228" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-283-18810228" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-283-18810228" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="def1-283-18810228" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA HAYES</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-283-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-283-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-283-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, Unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND, MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended. There being no actual proof that the child in question was the prisoner's, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found the prisoner</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-283-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-283-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-283-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, March</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Sergeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-284">
<interp inst="t18810228-284" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-284" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-284-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-284-18810228 t18810228-284-offence-1 t18810228-284-verdict-1"/>
<p>284.
<persName id="def1-284-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-284-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18810228" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18810228" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18810228" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS DEAN</hi>** (40)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-284-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-284-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-284-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810228-284-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-284-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-284-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to uttering counterfeit coin, after a previous conviction.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-284-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-284-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-284-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-284-18810228 t18810228-284-punishment-11"/>Twelve Month' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-285">
<interp inst="t18810228-285" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-285" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-285-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-285-18810228 t18810228-285-offence-1 t18810228-285-verdict-1"/>
<p>285.
<persName id="def1-285-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-285-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18810228" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18810228" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18810228" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WRIGHT</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-285-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-285-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-285-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to a like offence.—</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-285-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-285-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-285-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-285-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-285-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-285-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-285-18810228 t18810228-285-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two Years' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-286">
<interp inst="t18810228-286" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-286" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-286-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-286-18810228 t18810228-286-offence-1 t18810228-286-verdict-1"/>
<p>286.
<persName id="def1-286-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-286-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18810228" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18810228" type="surname" value="HURLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18810228" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HURLEY</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-286-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-286-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-286-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a medal resembling a sovereign.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-59" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-59" type="surname" value="JESSOP"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-59" type="given" value="JESSIE ELLEN"/>JESSIE ELLEN JESSOP</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Cross Keys in Endell Street—on the 11th February, about 11 p.m., I served the prisoner with a pot of sixpenny ale—some one was with him—they drank the ale—Hurley tendered this medal—I showed it to the landlady—she asked him where he got it from—he said from his employers in the afternoon—I marked it—Mr. Cribb, the landlord, also asked him where he got it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280011"/>
<p>from—he said from his employer—Mr. Cribb asked him for money to pay for the ale—he said he had not got it—the potman went for a constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-60" type="surname" value="CRIBB"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-60" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK CRIBB</persName> </hi>. I am the landlord of the Cross Keys—I saw the medal produced marked—my wife brought it to me—I said to the prisoner "Are you going to pay for this pot of sixpenny ale?"—he said "I have given the
<hi rend="italic">missis</hi> a sovereign, I want my change"—I told my potman to fetch a policeman—I then went to the department the prisoner was in—as I was going a young man put his head in at the door and said "Sh—t! sh—t!" and ran away—the prisoner said "I got it for a week's work at the
<hi rend="italic">Graphic"</hi>—that was in answer to my question where he got it from.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-61" type="surname" value="PARSONG"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-61" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PARSONG</persName> </hi>. I live at 124, The Grove, Hammersmith—I am manager of the
<hi rend="italic">Graphic</hi> printing office—a boy named Hurley left our employ on 27th March, 1870—he was like the prisoner—I cannot speak positively—he had 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—this is the first Hanoverian medal I have seen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-62" type="surname" value="JESSOP"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-62" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT JESSOP</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 143). I took the prisoner into custody—I found nothing on him—I asked him where he got the medal from, he said from Mr. Parsons, he was paid at 3 o'clock on Saturday at the printing office of the
<hi rend="italic">Graphic.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-63" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-63" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a brass medal and worth nothing—they were first made in 1837—a good many are made in Birmingham.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was asked by a man and a boy if I wanted to earn anything by wheeling a barrow, and while the man sent the boy to fetch "Joe," as he said, he gave me this coin to get a drop of beer. I did not know what it was. This is the frist time I have been looked up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-286-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-286-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-286-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, March</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-287">
<interp inst="t18810228-287" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-287" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-287-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18810228 t18810228-287-offence-1 t18810228-287-verdict-1"/>
<p>287.
<persName id="def1-287-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-287-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18810228" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18810228" type="surname" value="BARRATT"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18810228" type="given" value="EDMUND CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDMUND CHARLES BARRATT</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-287-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-287-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-287-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Feloniously forging and uttering an acceptance of a bill of exchange 76
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-65" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-65" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY NICHOLLS</persName> </hi>. I am the manager of the City Bank, Limited, Holborn Branch—I know the prisoner as a printers' broker or appraiser—he opened an account at our bank in December, 1879—on the 20th October last he brought me this bill of exchange for 67
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. at four months. purporting to be accented by C. Rowland Brown—I discounted it—I placed the amount to his credit—on the 2nd November he brought me this bill for 35
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. dated 26th October, 1880, at four months, and purporting to be accepted by C. Rowland Brown—I discounted it and placed the amount to his credit—on the 23rd January last he brought this bill for 76
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., drawn at three months, and pur
<lb/>porting to be accepted by C. Rowland Brown—he asked me to discount it and I declined—he called again the following day, when I advanced him 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on security of the bill until the following morning—on the 24th we cashed this cheque for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. towards which the 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was advanced—on the 3rd February the prisoner came to the bank with another customer—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280014"/>
<p>asked him if the bills he held purporting to be accepted by Brown were forged, and he said they were.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> When you asked me to cash the bill in January for 76
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. there was a balance of 68
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of yours at the bank—the portion of reserve that you left with me was to stand against any bills under discount.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-66" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-66" type="given" value="CHARLES ROWLAND"/>CHARLES ROWLAND BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am a printer, of 40, Sun Street, Bishopsgate Street—I have had business transactions with the prisoner—in October I gave him an acceptance as an ordinary business transac
<lb/>tion—in due course it was paid in January—neither of these bills are accepted by me or by my authority—I know nothing of them—they are rather an imitation of my signature.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You called at my office and admitted that you had forged my signature and that you wished to take the bills up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-67" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-67" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY RANDALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Police Officer</hi>). On 4th February I took the prisoner in custody on a warrant in Norfolk Road, Dalston—I told him the charge was for forging an acceptance for 67
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he said "I must have been mad to have done such a thing"—I then conveyed him to the Snow Hill Police-station where he was charged, and when it was read over to him he said "I admit it, I am guilty"—he said he did it to oblige a friend.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate read.</hi> "I should like to say that I had no intention to defraud. It was my fully fixed determina
<lb/>to pay each bill."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-68" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-68" type="given" value="CHARLES ROWLAND"/>CHARLES ROWLAND BROWN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). When the prisoner told me he had put my name to those acceptances I said I could not allow it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner.</hi> I have known you eight or nine years in connection with machinery and believed you to be a respectable and honest man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner in his defence said that he had been working very hard in London for</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">years to maintain himself his mother and sister, and during the last ten years he had started in the printing business, but through want of capital and introduction to a loan society he had lost everthing, and it had affected his brain, and that two years ago he lost his mother, which had affected him much.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18810228-287-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-287-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-287-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-287-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-287-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-287-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18810228 t18810228-287-punishment-13"/>Twelve Months' Imprison
<lb/>ment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-288">
<interp inst="t18810228-288" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-288" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-288-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-288-18810228 t18810228-288-offence-1 t18810228-288-verdict-1"/>
<p>288.
<persName id="def1-288-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-288-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18810228" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18810228" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18810228" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILSON</hi> (32)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-288-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-288-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-288-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810228-288-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-288-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-288-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>to breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810228-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-70" type="surname" value="BELCH"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-70" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-288-offence-1 t18810228-name-70"/>Edwin Belch</persName> and stealing therein a quantity of tea and other goods.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-288-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-288-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-288-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-288-18810228 t18810228-288-punishment-14"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-289">
<interp inst="t18810228-289" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-289" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-289-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-289-18810228 t18810228-289-offence-1 t18810228-289-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-289-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-289-18810228 t18810228-289-offence-1 t18810228-289-verdict-1"/>
<p>289.
<persName id="def1-289-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-289-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18810228" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18810228" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18810228" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST HAYES</hi> (22)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-289-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-289-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-289-18810228" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-289-18810228" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def2-289-18810228" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY STEVENS</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-289-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-289-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-289-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burgla
<lb/>riously breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t18810228-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-73" type="surname" value="FEWSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-73" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-289-offence-1 t18810228-name-73"/>Francis Fewster</persName> and stealing therein a pair of boots and other goods.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-74" type="surname" value="METCALFE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-74" type="given" value="AUSTIN"/>MR. AUSTIN METCALFE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-75" type="surname" value="LOWE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-75" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD LOWE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 90). On the 4th February I went on my beat at about 10 p.m.—shortly after 12 I passed 53, Ossington Street—I tried the door and found it secure—at 12.45 I was in Victoria Grove Mews, where I saw three men about three yards from me—I recognise the prisoners as two of them—Hayes got on a low wall at the rear of the Champion public-house and looked over—he got down again and joined the other two—I was concealed—they went down Ossington Street—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280015"/>
<p>saw one of them go into a front garden—he came out again and joined the other two and went as far as the top of Leinster Mews—I then lost sight of them—I went down the street, and in about 20 minutes I heard a noise at 53, Ossington Street in the passage—I saw the door open and turned my light on and saw the prisoners—I pushed the door and it was slammed to me—I sprang my rattle, and Police-constable X 78 came up and we got over the wall—we found the prisoners in the yard at the back of No. 53—we took them into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I should pass this street about four times between 10.30 and 12.45—I saw no light in the shop—there are shutters and a blind—I hid in a doorway—I was in uniform—the prisoners stood with their faces towards me for about a minute, about 100 yards from No. 53.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-76" type="surname" value="EGGLETON"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-76" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE EGGLETON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 787). On the morning in question I was in Moscow Road, when I heard a rattle sprung—I ran to Ossington Street and ran down the mews, where I saw a ladder, by which I got over into the yard of 53—the prisoners were trying to scale the wall but they fell back, and I immediately apprehended them—they said nothing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-77" type="surname" value="FEWSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-77" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS FEWSTER</persName> </hi>. I am a carpenter and builder, and occupy 53, Ossington Street—I let apartments and use the lower part of the house as a workshop—I don't sleep there—I left the previous evening at 8.45 having shut up the place—I was called up at 1.30 and met the constable bringing the prisoners down the Moscow Road—in the shop I found a desk wrenched open and different tools moved and other things shifted; I missed my boots, which I put in the fender to air, a file moved off the mantelpiece, and a five-inch mortice chisel off the rack—the window on the first landing was knocked out and the water-pipe pulled down; they were safe the night before when I left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My boots were found in the closet.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-78" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-78" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL HILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector X</hi>). I took the charge against the prisoners, and went to the house with the prosecutor, and examined the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners received good characters.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18810228-289-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-289-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-289-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEVES</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction.—
<rs id="t18810228-289-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-289-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-289-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-289-18810228 t18810228-289-punishment-15"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAYES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-289-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-289-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-289-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-289-18810228 t18810228-289-punishment-16"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-290">
<interp inst="t18810228-290" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-290" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-290-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-290-18810228 t18810228-290-offence-1 t18810228-290-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-290-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-290-18810228 t18810228-290-offence-1 t18810228-290-verdict-1"/>
<p>290.
<persName id="def1-290-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-290-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18810228" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18810228" type="surname" value="BRYAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18810228" type="given" value="WILIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILIAM BRYAN</hi> (40)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-290-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-290-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-290-18810228" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def2-290-18810228" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="def2-290-18810228" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM KELLY</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-290-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-290-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-290-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, Unlaw
<lb/>fully attempting to break and enter the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810228-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-81" type="surname" value="HOY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-81" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-290-offence-1 t18810228-name-81"/>Richard Hoy</persName>, with intent to commit a felony.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILMOT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-82" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-82" type="given" value="AMOS"/>AMOS ATKINSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant X</hi>). On the night of 7th February I was in the Stewards' Arms public-house, Notting Hill, between 9 and 10 o'clock, where I saw the prisoners with another man—I heard Bryan say to them "We will do it after the house is closed, I have a good thing in my pocket"—I went out, and about 12.5 I saw the prisoners leave together—I followed them, and saw another man join them—I don't know whether it was the same who was with them before—in the Pharaoh Road I saw Bryan take something from his pocket which shone, and he put it in a door and rattled the lock—after a few minutes he came away and spoke to Kelly, who was standing on the kerb—he then came back and put a key in the door, and left it again, and spoke to Kelly, and then went to the window—he went back again to the door and to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280016"/>
<p>the window, and was unsuccessful—I then heard him say "We will go to the back," and I and Police-constable Hannah, who was with me, went to the back of the house, and took them info custody—there were several young men round Bryan—I said "I am a police officer, and shall take you info custody for attempting to break into a house in the Pharaoh Road"—Hannah said "What have you here?" and he put his hand down inside his coat, and took out this large screwdriver—I said "What do you call that?"—he said "I borrowed that to do a job in the morn
<lb/>ing"—I searched him, and found two latchkeys, knife, memorandum-book, and this screw implement—I am certain of the men; they were drank.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-83" type="surname" value="HANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-83" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD HANNAH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 879). I was with Atkinson in the Stewards' Arms, and saw the prisoners—I overheard the conversation, and went to the back of No. 19 with Atkinson, where I saw Kelly being held by some young men—Young took him into custody—I said to Bryan "What have you got here?"—he said "I have that to do a job with"—Kelly was searched, and these gloves and knife found on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Bryan.</hi> You went three times to the door of the house, to the best of my recollection, and then you said to Kelly "It's no good here; we will go round to the back"—I saw you strike a light.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">YOUNG</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 598). I took Kelly into custody, who was being detained by some young men—he said "This is a matter of form"—the young men said they had seen him trying to get into a house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-84" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-84" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HICKS</persName> </hi>. I am a plumber, of 61, Pharaoh Road; Hammer
<lb/>smith—I was passing down the Pharaoh Road shortly before 1 a.m., with some friends, when I saw the prisoners—Bryan was at the door of No. 19, and, passing a little farther on, we noticed Kelly and another man named Smith, not in custody, leaning against the railings—Bryan appeared to be trying at the lock, and one of my friends called to him to know what he was doing—I fetched Young—I went with him to the back of No. 19, and found that Atkinson had arrested Bryan—Kelly was coming round the comer, and I informed the constable who Kelly was, and he took him in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Bryan.</hi> I did not see any light at the door—it is about a six-roomed house, such as would be used by a working man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILMOT</hi>. It is occupied by Mr. Hoy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Bryan, in his defence, said that he was merely striking a light at the door, and that, if he wanted to commit a burglary, he should not have gone to a houses of that class, that the tools found on him were not housebreaking implements, but such as any working man might carry. Kelly, in his defence, said he had been working in good houses, where he could have committed robberies if he had been so disposed.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-290-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-290-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-290-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-291">
<interp inst="t18810228-291" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-291" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-291-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18810228 t18810228-291-offence-1 t18810228-291-verdict-1"/>
<p>291.
<persName id="def1-291-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-291-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18810228" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18810228" type="surname" value="LANGFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18810228" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LANGFORD</hi> (49)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-291-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-291-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-291-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18810228-291-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-291-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-291-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to uttering a forged authority for the delivery of two lengths of velvet.</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-291-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-291-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-291-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18810228 t18810228-291-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-292">
<interp inst="t18810228-292" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-292" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-292-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-292-18810228 t18810228-292-offence-1 t18810228-292-verdict-1"/>
<p>292.
<persName id="def1-292-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-292-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18810228" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18810228" type="surname" value="HASLAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18810228" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HASLAM</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-292-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-292-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-292-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a coat, the property of
<persName id="t18810228-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-87" type="surname" value="SOLOMONS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-87" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-292-offence-1 t18810228-name-87"/>Solomon Solomons</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-292-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-292-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-292-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-292-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-292-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-292-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-292-18810228 t18810228-292-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280017"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, March</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lindley.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-293">
<interp inst="t18810228-293" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-293" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-293-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-293-18810228 t18810228-293-offence-1 t18810228-293-verdict-1"/>
<p>293.
<persName id="def1-293-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-293-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-293-18810228" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-293-18810228" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-293-18810228" type="given" value="ROBERT JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT JOHN PALMER</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-293-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-293-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-293-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/> was charged, on the Coroner's Inquisition only, with the manslaughter of an infant child.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<rs id="t18810228-293-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-293-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-293-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution offered no evidence on the Inquisition The Jury had ignored the bill.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-294">
<interp inst="t18810228-294" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-294" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-294-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-294-18810228 t18810228-294-offence-1 t18810228-294-verdict-1"/>
<p>294.
<persName id="def1-294-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-294-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-294-18810228" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-294-18810228" type="surname" value="FALLOVER"/>
<interp inst="def1-294-18810228" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES FALLOVER</hi> (35)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18810228-294-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-294-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-294-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18810228-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-90" type="surname" value="LUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-90" type="given" value="ERNEST CRAVEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-294-offence-1 t18810228-name-90"/>Ernest Craven Lunn</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-91" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-91" type="surname" value="POLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-91" type="given" value="MESSES"/>MESSES. POLAND</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DRUMMOND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HOLLOWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-92" type="surname" value="GOODING"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-92" type="given" value="ROBERT WILLIAM"/>ROBERT WILLIAM GOODING</persName> </hi>. I live at 127, High Street, Putney, and am a clerk in the South Western Railway Company—on Tuesday night, 25th January, about 11.30 I was going along the Strand with my wife, to the Waterloo Station, from the direction of Temple Bar—at the corner of Arundel Street I saw a hansom cab coming towards me from the west—it was just on the City side of the Opera Comique Theatre, by a builder's hoarding—it was coming at a reckless canter close to the kerb—the cab was swinging a great deal—it nearly ran into a lamp-post on the oppo
<lb/>site aide to me—that was oil his proper side, his near side—it then came more out into the middle of the road—I watched it till it got opposite me, and directly opposite to where I stood the shaft of the cab hit a gentle-man forwards, away from a lady he was with—the wheel came along, knocked the lady down, rind the cab went over her, and afterwards over the gentleman—I am not certain whether the Wheel went over him, but the cab did—they were about two and a half or three yards front the kerb—the cab continued to go on in the same style, and about thirty yards after it had passed me the cabman's hat fell off into the road—I continued to watch the cab till I lost sight of it by the church, in the traffic—the cabman was standing up on the board it the back of the cab—the reins were as they would be if a man was loosely driving, or urging—the reins were slaek—I did not see him do anything to pull up or try to stop the horse—I do not believe he altered the pace from the time I first saw him to the time I lost sight of him—I then crossed the road—the gentleman had been picked up by some persons—I picked up the lady and held her in my arms—she said her leg was hurt—a policeman took her away in a hansom—I gave information to the police two days afterwards—I do not recognise the prisoner—on Saturday, the 19th February, I went to a cab rank in Tottenham Court Road with Inspector O'Callaghan, and there recognised the horse that I had seen in the cab on the night in question—it was a very extroardinary looking horse—it had been clipped—there were three persons inside the cab on the night in question.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not give information to the police on the same night, my wife was with me and I had to catch a train—I had not seen any published bills when I gave the information on the 27th—I left my card at Bow Street on the 27th, and I wrote to the Criminal Investiga
<lb/>tion department at Scotland Yard, having seen a paragraph in the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Telegraph</hi> that it would be taken as at favour if certain persons would com
<lb/>municate with the police—I had no reply to that, and on about the 15th or 16th of this month I spoke to the police at Putney and I be
<lb/>lieve</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280018"/>
<p>they telegraphed, and Inspector O'Callaghan came down to see me—I do not think I mentioned on the first examination before the Magistrate anything in reference to the slack reins—I was not asked—you asked me on the second examination whether I noticed anything particular with the harness, and I said yes, I noticed the reins were slack, and they should have been tight—I knew nothing about the reward of 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. being offered on conviction—I do not expect any reward—I expect to be out of pocket—I first saw the cab at about 80 yards' distance—it was coming along at the same speed then as when it knocked down these people—there was nothing to intercept my view—it was particularly clear—there was a block at Temple Bar—it was a very light night—there were a great many lamps and the shops were open—I lost sight of the cab at the corner of St. Clement's Church—he was still standing up with the reins in his hand—he was not whipping the horse or pulling it up—I did not notice whether the breeching was undone.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-93" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-93" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY TAYLOR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 122). About half-past eleven on the night of 25th January I was on duty at the east end of St. Clement's Church—I heard a noise, and then saw a hansom cab being driven towards me, going towards the City—the prisoner was driving—it was coming at a great pace; galloping; coming as fast as possible—the horse fell almost directly opposite Essex Street, close to the flags; the near side; the proper side—the prisoner had no hat on—he was sitting down—he appeared to me to be doing all he could to pull up—there were three young midshipmen about 16 or 17 years of age in the cab—they jumped out and ran towards the City—they did not speak to me, or give me any information—I went up as the prisoner was about getting off the cab—a gentleman came up and said "This cabman has knocked a gentleman down in the Strand"—I asked him whether he had witnessed it—he said "Yes"—I asked him for his name and address—he said "It has nothing to do with me"—he did not give it—I said to the prisoner "You have knocked down a gentleman in the Strand"—he said "No, I have not knocked down any one, there you are"—I asked him where his hat was—he said "It blew off a little way down the Strand"—I asked why he was driving so fast—he said "It is a high-spirited horse, and the breeching got under the feet and threw it down"—the horse was got up while I was there—I noticed that the breeching was broken—I thought it was broken by the horse falling down; it could not have got under the horse's feet and thrown it down—I took the number of the cab, 6,774, and the prisoner's badge was 11,381—when the horse got up the prisoner took it to the cabman's shelter—he was perfectly sober, but excited.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I heard the shouting, and in consequence of that I went into the roadway—that enabled me to have a clear view towards the Strand—when I first saw the cab it was just opposite Milford Lane, between Essex Street and Arundel Street—the prisoner was doing all he could to pull up the horse—I had not noticed the harness till the horse fell—I could not say how long he stopped at the cabman's shelter; I saw him there for some few minutes—it was rather a dark night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-94" type="surname" value="KAY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-94" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH KAY</persName> </hi>. I am a cab proprietor, of 6, Albany Mews—the prisoner was driving for me on 26th January—he went out in the middle of the day, and came back about half-past one in the morning—on the 19th February I took the same horse and cab to the stand in Tottenham</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280019"/>
<p>Court Road—the prisoner did not bring the cab home with him on the morning of the 26th—he said the hone had run away; it got the best of him, or something to that effect—it was one of the quietest, most docile horses that any one could sit behind, with quiet usage; if you knock him about he will get restive, and perhaps get the best of you—he is quiet over a railway, and not timid of the noise of anything like that—the prisoner only drove for me on that one day—I knew nothing of him before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have described the horse as "light-hearted"—he is a good-bred horse, a nervous horse—the prisoner said he had left the cab over Waterloo Bridge, at the first lamp-post on the right—I asked if he had run over anything or hurt anybody—he said "No," there was nothing broken, only the two shafts—he said the horse had got the best of him; that he went to the cabman's shelter to get some string, and he supposed the string must have broken, and that made him kick again, and, to prevent further accident, he ran against the lamp-post, and two police-men came up—I have had the horse seven or eight months—I don't think he would be likely to be upset by three noisy young fellows in the cab, unless they hit him, or touched him with a stick; then he would go away, and you would have to pull him in hard to stop him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-95" type="surname" value="SHEIYES"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-95" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP SHEIYES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant E</hi>). On the 19th February a horse and cab belonging to Mr. Kay was plated on the cabstand in Tottenham Court Road, by my direction, with about 10 others, and Mr. Gooding went there to see if he could pick out the horse, which he did—on Sun
<lb/>day morning, the 20th, I saw the prisoner in Castle Street, Holborn—I told him I was a police sergeant, and that I wanted to speak to him about the accident in the Strand on the 25th January last—he said "Yes, sir"—I said "Where did you take up your fare?"—he said "Do you mean the three young gentlemen?"—I said "Yes"—he said "Somewhere near Norfolk Street; I don't know the exact spot; I drove them towards the City, and they went away when the horse fell down"—I asked where—about he lost his hat—he said about halfway between where he took up his fare and the shelter—I asked him why he did not go back for it—he said it was a dark night, and there was a lot of traffic about, and he thought he should not find it if he did—I told him I should take him into custody for causing the death of Mr. Lunn, and there was also a lady injured at the same time—he said he had enough to do to look after his horse and cab; he did not see any lady and gentleman—it was a dark night, and a lot of traffic about—the charge was read over to him at the station, and he replied "Wantonly driving! I could not stop the horse when he broke away as he did."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-96" type="surname" value="PENNY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-96" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN PENNY</persName> </hi>. I am house surgeon at King's College Hospi
<lb/>tal—on Tuesday night, 25th January, the deceased was brought there by a constable shortly before 12; he was quite dead; he had been bleeding from the ears, nose, and mouth—there was a small semi
<lb/>circular bruise on the right cheek and a bruise on the left ear; the skull was fractured—I knew him before, as Mr. Lunn; his initials were E. C., I don't know his Christian name—he was about 24 years of age and had just recently qualified as a surgeon—the injuries he had received were the cause of his death.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-97" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-97" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST WRIGHT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 131). On the night of the 25th January about 11.30 I was in Norfolk Street; I heard a shouting and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280020"/>
<p>saw some people running—I ran up and saw a crowd at the top of Arundel Street—I found a gentleman there injured, and also a lady—I took her to the hospital and seat the gentleman there in a cab—I after
<lb/>wards saw him there dead—Mr. Penny the surgeon saw him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi>—I was about half-way down Norfolk Street when I heard the noise, not near enough to lee the horse and cab.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18810228-294-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-294-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-294-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to Mercy.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-294-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-294-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-294-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-294-18810228 t18810228-294-punishment-19"/>One Month's Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday. March</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-295">
<interp inst="t18810228-295" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-295" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-295-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-295-18810228 t18810228-295-offence-1 t18810228-295-verdict-1"/>
<p>295.
<persName id="def1-295-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-295-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18810228" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18810228" type="surname" value="HEMMING"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18810228" type="given" value="JOHN LAMOND"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LAMOND HEMMING</hi> (33)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18810228-295-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-295-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-295-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>for wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Prosecuted offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-295-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-295-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-295-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner was indicted at the last Session under the 3rd sub-section of the</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th Section of the Debtors Act for removing property "with intent to defraud his creditors;" the indictment only alleged an intent to defraud one individual.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORACE AVORY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prisoner, contended that this allegation was not warranted by the words of the section—that, therefore, it was no offence within that section, and he applied that the indicment might be quashed. After hearing</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, in the absence of Mr. Besley, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">held the objection to be good, and the indictment was accordingly quashed. Upon a subsequent day, applications being made by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">leave was given to prefer a new bill in the same form, in order that the matter might be more fully argued. The new bill was, however, ignored by the Grand Jury.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-296">
<interp inst="t18810228-296" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-296" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-296-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-296-18810228 t18810228-296-offence-1 t18810228-296-verdict-1"/>
<p>296.
<persName id="def1-296-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-296-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18810228" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18810228" type="surname" value="STEDIFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18810228" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES STEDIFORD</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-296-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-296-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-296-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>, Wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KISCH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARNER SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-100" type="surname" value="SIMMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-100" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM SIMMONDS</persName> </hi>. I am a coach builder, of 79, Pentonville Road. Islington—In the early part of 1880 I had financial transactions with the defendant—on 1st May, 1880, I lent him 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and on 29th May a further sum of 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and received from him two I O U's—I saw him sign them in the presence of Mr. Kennedy, and Henry Roberts a shopman, who is how dead—I drew the I O U's, and the prisoner wrote the dates and the signatures in each case—I have not received either amount—on 24th June I lent him a further sum on a bill of exchange; on the 28th. October neither amount had been paid—between May and issuing the writ I sold him goods for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—in October I instructed my solicitor to sue for 38
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and instructed him to make an application for judgment, and attended before the Master—the defendant was pre
<lb/>sent, and was examined by my solicitor—he was duly sworn—he swore he never signed the I O U's, and knew nothing about them; he was asked a good many times, and still said he knew nothing about them—they were given to him to look at—he obtained leave to defend on those amounts—I met him one evening after I had taken proceedings, and in the presence of Mr. Kennedy, he said "Yes have taken proceedings; I will put you to all the expense I can."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a coach builder; I do no other trade—I am not a money-lender—I may hate lent money the last two years; a trifle, 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., or 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., probably—I charged a shilling in the pound for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280021"/>
<p>as long as Stediford wanted money—he only had One bill of exchange—I took a bill from him for 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—that may have been for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I lent him; that was so, as a fact—I cannot recollect the dates of the I O U's—I could not say when I first lent him money about two years, or two years and a half ago—I could not say what the first amount was—I did not charge 260 pet cent.—when I took the bill for 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. I did not toll him I had destroyed all his small 10 U's—that is my statement of claim (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), and those are the amounts that I lent him, and the amounts for goods supplied—I am sure he did not give me a bill to cover four of these items; the bill he gave me had nothing to do with these I O U's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-101" type="surname" value="ABRAHAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-101" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM ABRAHAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 46, Bedford Row—I was solicitor in the action against Stediford—I attended before the Master upon the examination of the defendant in an application, under Order 14, for judgment—I saw the bath administered to him—I examined him—he said he never signed the I O U's, and never received any money or consideration for them (I do not remember the exact words), and that he knew nothing whatever of them—the result of the trial was, judgment for the amounts—I do not recollect my client returning the I O U's to the defendant; I never heard of it—to the best of my belief the I O U's were signed by the prisoner, and drawn up by Mr. Simmonds—the dates are 3rd, 11th, and 29th May, 1880—the bill for 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. Was dated 24th June, 1880, according to my draft Statement of claim—I put the I O U's into his hand before Master. Dodson, and Said "Will you read it?"—he looked, and read it—I said "Is that your signature?"—he said "No"—he did not say it was forged, not that the prosecutor had told him he had destroyed the I O U's for a bill of exchange—I put the question "Do you mean to say it is a foregery?"—he siad "It must be so"—the Master warned him—he said he knew what he was about.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-102" type="surname" value="KENNEDY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-102" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KENNEDY</persName> </hi>. I lived at 21, Gravel Street, Holborn—my present address is at No. 2, Bow Street—I was present on 1st May, in Mr. Sim
<lb/>mond's shop—Stediford was there—I saw him sign an I O U on each occasion—I saw money pass between the parties—on the 8th October I was with Simmonds in the Cloudesley Road, Islington, when the prisoner said to Simmonds, that on account of his having sued him, he would put him to all the moon venience he could in getting his money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-296-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-296-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-296-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-296-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-296-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-296-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-296-18810228 t18810228-296-punishment-20"/>Four Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-297">
<interp inst="t18810228-297" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-297" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-297-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-297-18810228 t18810228-297-offence-1 t18810228-297-verdict-1"/>
<p>297.
<persName id="def1-297-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-297-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18810228" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18810228" type="surname" value="KETCHIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18810228" type="given" value="JOHN GAVIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GAVIN KETCHIN</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-297-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-297-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-297-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, For a libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18810228-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-104" type="surname" value="HOGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-104" type="given" value="JOHN EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-297-offence-1 t18810228-name-104"/>John Edward Hogan</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-105" type="surname" value="HOGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-105" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HOGAN</persName> </hi>. I reside at 32, New North Road—I have evening classes there, and a middle-class school in Southgate Road—the prisoner came into my employment in March, 1879—he had no testimonials—he was to receive 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year, and his food and lodging—I explained to him I did not want a man, and he said he would be glad of the place, although it was a boy's place—a disagreement took place between us—he threatened me—I turned him out—I took him to the door—he made a fuss, and I called a constable to complete the expulsion—I afterwards received certain anonymous communications—I destroyed most of them—this letter was put under the door late on Saturday night—I also received these postcards (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), according to their dates. (
<hi rend="italic">The letter called the</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280022"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">prosecutor a mean our, and stated "For a day or two I can do nothing, but rest assured I will make you pay the uttermost farthing." The postcards stated the house was dirty; there was small-pox and fever, and a drunken home.</hi>) I have suffered great injury from these libels, and some of my pupils have received them—the first scholar left on account of these communi
<lb/>cations on the 4th January—I have taught writing 30 years—the letter is the prisoner's writing—the postcards are his writing disguised—all the imputations in the postcards are quite false.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am 40 years old—I began giving lessons at 10 years of age—I cannot tell you how many postcards I received; between 20 and 30—I did not hear my solicitor ask for a remand in order that the letters might be submitted to Mr. Chabot—Mr. Chabot is not a witness—the peculiarities in the prisoner's writing are that he calls the school the Southgate Road School, instead of the Southgate Road Middle-Class School—there is a remarkable peculiarity about the "y;" the strokes are not parallel—I have 80 reasons, altogether—I know Mr. Dawson—I did not know my wife went to see him—I heard her say at the police-court that she met him—he is a builder in Highbury—there was no matter of account between me and the prisoner when he left—I have not had a personal interview with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> My wife had a business reason for going to see Mr. Dawson—we supposed he was the Mr. Dawson my wife knew, and she called upon him for pupils—this is the receipt for the prisoner's salary up to the 8th May, 1880—he was turned out on the 15th June—I was asked at the police-court whether I owed him 26
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and other sums—I had no postcards before 15th June.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-106" type="surname" value="HOGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-106" type="given" value="MARY ELIZABETH"/>MARY ELIZABETH HOGAN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—I re
<lb/>member the prisoner's engagement by my husband as tutor—a dispute arose on 15th June last year—I was not present, but the prisoner asked me to plead for him so that Mr. Hogan should give him another trial—a few days afterwards we received numerous postcards; a letter, written by the prisoner, was also put under the door—I am almost sure it was open—I immediately formed an opinion that the postcards were in the prisoner's writing; I feel perfectly sure of it—I have seen him write after his. committal—no postcards were sent after his committal—I had an interview with one of his witnesses, and, immediately after, I received two postcards—we did not owe him any money when he went.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Some were not the defendant's handwriting, but the majority were—we did not summons him at first, because he had not sent them to the pupils—we did not try to do him any injury—I did not say to Mr. Dawson "You have a nice man in the neighbourhood"—I said at the police-court "I did not mean it"—I did not mean it—I meant the reverse—I went to Mr. Robinson to know if the prisoner had paid him, as I considered he had been swindled, but I did not tell Mr. Robin
<lb/>son so—Mr. Robinson called upon us. and asked for his address, and I promised I would call, or send it, and I did—I said at the police-court "I am sure I did not say anything good of the defendant; I was not five minutes with him"—I could not say anything good of him—I agree with my husband in every particular, but I would not say how many reasons I have for saying the cards are the prisoner's writing—my first reason is, the peculiarity about his "y's"; the second he makes his "s" in a peculiar way, like a printed one—that was impressed upon me</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280023"/>
<p>by having heard my husband rebuke him for doing it, and saying it was not businesslike—then he used the Greek "e;" he also called our school the Southgate Road School—there are not a number of schools in Southgate Road; there are two or three ladies' seminaries—I have always heard our school called the Southgate Road Middle-Class School—I believe he has opened a school himself—I cannot tell you what dis
<lb/>tance it is from ours, but it is far enough not to interfere with us—I never wrote a letter to the prisoner; certainly not an anonymous letter—this letter was not put to me at the police-court—I can give you an explana
<lb/>tion of it—this is in answer to one of Ketchin's letters asking me to ask Mr. Hogan to give him another trial, and not dismiss him—I said "Do not go for an hour, and I will do the best I can with Mr. Hogan" and I wrote that letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Stating</hi>: "I cannot help you with Mr. Hogan. You had better send a letter apologising; perhaps that will.") The letter commencing "Dear K." is not my writing, I swear.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There is a peculiarity in the way he spells "neu," for "new"—Mr. Martin is the assistant master—he must have known he was there—a postcard was written to Martin, and I did not know that any one else knew him—Mr. Robinson thanked me for giving the prisoner's address, and told me he had put the matter in the hands of his collector, who would enforce payment; that ho had already applied to his address in Cross Street, and had been told that he did not live there, he had one room; that is why I said he was a very nice man—I did not go to Mr. Dawson to hurt the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-107" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-107" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a writing master of over 47 years—I have not been examined in Courts of Justice, but have been engaged as an expert on cases which have not come to the Court—I have made it my business to compare handwriting with a view to identity—the cards marked A, B, C, and D, have been put into my hands, and I have com
<lb/>pared them with some of the prisoner's admitted letters—they are the same writing, but very much disguised—a fifth card is the same writing, but the sixth is a female's writing—in my opinion the five cards are in the same writing as the letter signed "John G. Ketchin."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I examined the cards very carefully a day before I was called at Worship Street—I said at the police-court that I had examined them in a hurried manner, because two days would not be more than sufficient—I heard that Mr. Chabot examined the postcards—I very seldom see the Greek "e" in letters—the letter "s" is also a reason for saying the writing is the same; it slopes like an italic "s," and is very uncommon, except by reporters, or persons who have to write rapidly; then the "y" is like his "y's" having a peculiar angle, the pothook not being parallel with the loop, but at an angle of 45 degrees, like the figure "7;" the capital "Rs" also bears a good resemblance—there is no idioscyncrasy or characteristic in the writing, but the letters named are written in an unusual form.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The Greek "e" used here is not used by uneducated persons—I was not aware Mr. Chabot advised the defendant.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-108" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-108" type="surname" value="FELTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-108" type="given" value="HEADLEY"/>HEADLEY FELTHAM</persName> </hi>. I reside at 67, Springfield Road, Stoke Newing
<lb/>ton—I know the prisoner—I remember seeing him the latter end of June, or in July last, in company with Mr. Minchin and some boys belonging to the defendant's school—I heard the defendant say that Mr. Hogan owed him money, and that he owed his baker money—he said much more than</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280024"/>
<p>I can remember—I left him standing with the boys, and they had met before I went up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-109" type="surname" value="CHOATE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-109" type="given" value="THOMAS TURQUAND"/>THOMAS TURQUAND CHOATE</persName> </hi>. I live at 59, New North Road, Holloway—I know the prisoner—I remember seeing him the end of June, or the begining of July—he came into my shop and said "I believe Mr. Ho
<lb/>gan deals with you;" I said "Yes, he has had a running account for the last two years;" he said "It is his intention to petition the Bankruptcy Court" or something about liquidation, and if I wanted my money, the best thing I could do was to press for it immediately—he said something about a grievance between him and Hogan, and about Hogan's wife being a sort of housekeeper or servant—he also said Hogan would be sorry for what he had done, and he would not benefit by the steps he had taken—he seemed excited and angry—I did press for my money, and made inquiries in the neighbourhood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found Hogan was not indebted where the prisoner told we he was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-110" type="surname" value="NETHERCLIFF"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-110" type="given" value="FREDERICK GEORGE"/>FREDERICK GEORGE NETHERCLIFF</persName> </hi>. I live at 7, Theobald's Road, Red ford Row—I have been an expert in handwriting for the last 35 years—I have compared these postcards with the prisoner's admitted writing, and have arrived at a decided conclusion that they are not the same—I have seen Hogan's writing—there are more similarites to his writing in the postcards than to the prisoner's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not know that a great part of the cross-examin
<lb/>tion at the police-court was directed to show that Hogan wrote the post-cards himself—I am frequently called upon to give evidence—I have been constantly engaged at Assizes—I do not wonder that Juries do not always believe me, because they have to decide in five minutes what has taken me hours—the letters pointed out are not similar—one is a mercantile "s." the other is anything—the
<hi rend="italic">"R"</hi> is formed as any one would form it—I think the, "y" is totally different from that on the postcard—thou
<lb/>sands of people use the Greek "s."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-111" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMART</persName> </hi>. I am a writing master, of 79 B, Quadrant, Regent Street—I made an examination of the defendant's writing, and of these postcards, at the police court—the postcards are, not the defendant's writing—I have had forty years' experience.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I heard Mr. Netherelift's evidence—I should imagine the cards were written by an educated man who had purposely disguised his writing—the letters and the cards are not at all alike.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> My opinion is unshaken.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-297-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-297-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-297-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-298">
<interp inst="t18810228-298" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-298" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-298-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-298-18810228 t18810228-298-offence-1 t18810228-298-verdict-1"/>
<p>298.
<persName id="def1-298-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-298-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18810228" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18810228" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18810228" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WHITE</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-298-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-298-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-298-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18810228-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-113" type="surname" value="COECHRANE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-113" type="given" value="HUGH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-298-offence-1 t18810228-name-113"/>Hugh Coechrane</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROUMIEU</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-114" type="surname" value="COCHRANE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-114" type="given" value="HUGH"/>HUGH COCHRANE</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist of 21, Craven Terrace, Padding
<lb/>ton—on the 6th of February about 11.30 p.m. I was going to bed—I heard a noise on the stairs—I looked up to the first landing—I saw a man re
<lb/>sembling the prisoner go out at the window on to the roof of an ante-room, on his belly, with his back towards me—he closed the window after him, and then I saw the shape of his face and hat—it was moonlight—he went to the left towards a party wall—I ran round to catch him, and saw him on the top of the wall, and distinctly recognised him—I said "Stop</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280025"/>
<p>or I will shoot you"—he immediately dropped down into Mr. Gill's premises—I went for the police, and came back—I found Mr. Gill hold
<lb/>ing him—Mr. Gill said "What made you do this?"—he said "Poverty."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-115" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-115" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GILL</persName> </hi>. I am the landlord of the Mitre public-house, Craven Terrace—I heard the window of my bagatelle room opened—I went out and found the prisoner coming up the steps—he said "Poverty made me do it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-116" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-116" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT KELLY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 434). I found Mr. Gill holding the prisoner—Mr. Cookrane gave him in charge—the prisoner said "I went into the yard for a purpose, but finding the doors all shut. I opened the window and went out through it"—I found this chisel, this candle, and this match-box on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-117" type="surname" value="MILES"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-117" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MILES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector X</hi>). I examined the premises about one o'clock on the 7th—there were distinct foot marks on the roof of the ante-room, and along the party wall, between Lancaster Mews and Craven Terrace—the dust had been swept from the window.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was not at Mr. Cochrane's. I never said poverty made me do it. Kelly's amount is perfectly right. The chisel I use at my trade, and the candle I bought to light me to bed. I found myself locked in after I had gone to the back, and I got out of the window. I had no felonious intention, as I shoved the window up as hard as I could. I told Mr. Gill I went to the back and was locked in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-118" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-118" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Recalled</hi>). He told me those things, but not till he was charged—the house had been closed about hall an hour—the yard was searched about 11. 5 p.m.—he could get into all the houses on the terrace from the wall and from a shed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-298-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-298-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-298-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-298-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-298-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-298-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-298-18810228 t18810228-298-punishment-21"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, March</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-299">
<interp inst="t18810228-299" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-299" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-299-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-299-18810228 t18810228-299-offence-1 t18810228-299-verdict-1"/>
<p>299.
<persName id="def1-299-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-299-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18810228" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18810228" type="surname" value="O'BRIEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18810228" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK O'BRIEN</hi> (23)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-299-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-299-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-299-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810228-299-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-299-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-299-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810228-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-120" type="surname" value="HINE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-120" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-299-offence-1 t18810228-name-120"/>William Hine</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-299-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-299-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-299-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-299-18810228 t18810228-299-punishment-22"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-300">
<interp inst="t18810228-300" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-300" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-300-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-300-18810228 t18810228-300-offence-1 t18810228-300-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-300-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-300-18810228 t18810228-300-offence-2 t18810228-300-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-300-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-300-18810228 t18810228-300-offence-3 t18810228-300-verdict-1"/>
<p>300.
<persName id="def1-300-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-300-18810228" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18810228" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18810228" type="surname" value="MCKENZIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18810228" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET McKENZIE</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-300-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-300-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-300-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering an order for the payment of 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud,</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-300-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-300-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-300-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>and to two other indictments for larceny</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-300-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-300-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-300-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>and false pretences.</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-300-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-300-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-300-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty. See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-300-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-300-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-300-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-300-18810228 t18810228-300-punishment-23"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Im
<lb/>prisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-301">
<interp inst="t18810228-301" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-301" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-301-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-301-18810228 t18810228-301-offence-1 t18810228-301-verdict-1"/>
<p>301.
<persName id="def1-301-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-301-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18810228" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18810228" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18810228" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS PAGE</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-301-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-301-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-301-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing two saltcellars and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18810228-name-123" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-123" type="surname" value="HISCOX"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-123" type="given" value="JOSEPH WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-301-offence-1 t18810228-name-123"/>Joseph William Hiacox</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-124" type="surname" value="HISCOX"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-124" type="given" value="JOSEPH WILLIAM"/>JOSEPH WILLIAM HISCOX</persName> </hi>. I keep the Rose and Crown, Little Britain—I took the prisoner into my employ about the first week in January last—his wages were 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per week and board, and what the gentlemen chose to give him who dined there—he used to leave about half-past 10 o'clock at night—I have been shown the property which Detective Lawley found at his lodgings—I have brought one piece of the china service, which I have had about 14 years—it is a part of that which is in the possession of Lawley—I went with him and saw all the articles found—I identify this saltcellar; they were a present nearly 26 years age—this china plate I have had for the last 25 years—they are things we don't use—some are broken, and they are kept in the cupboard, which is not locked—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280026"/>
<p>total value of the property found at the prisoner's lodgings I should think would be 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., including a lot of cigars and tobacco—I have no doubt as to the property—the billiard ball is not mine—the gold chain and watch have not been found.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-125" type="surname" value="LAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-125" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK LAWLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I took the prisoner into custody and went to search his lodgings at 142, Stamford Street, Blackfriars, on the 12th February last, with Mr. Hiscox—I found two plated salt
<lb/>cellars, one glass ditto, two old china plates, two bread-and-butter plates, two small ditto, and two half ounces of tobacco; five cigars and two or three cigarettes, two liquor glasses, three champagne glasses, and two ale glasses; I also found a billiard ball and two dinner plates, but I have not been able to find the owner of those—the others are what Mr. Hiscox has identified—the prisoner said "I was hard up; I got drummed out of the Royal Artillery last May, and I wrote this character myself"—I found 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on him and a silver watch—the room he occupied was used as a bedroom—the silver watch is not a part of the stolen property.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I am guilty of writing the character, but I am not guilty of stealing the things. Some of the things were in my possession before I went into Mr. Hiscox's service.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18810228-301-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-301-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-301-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">of receiving.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-301-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-301-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-301-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-301-18810228 t18810228-301-punishment-24"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-302">
<interp inst="t18810228-302" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-302" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-302-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-302-18810228 t18810228-302-offence-1 t18810228-302-verdict-1"/>
<p>302.
<persName id="def1-302-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-302-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18810228" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18810228" type="surname" value="GARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18810228" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK GARD</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-302-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-302-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-302-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering an order for payment of 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LEVY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-127" type="surname" value="BURTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BURTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 33, Beaumont Street, and am a job master—the prisoner was for some time in my employ as foreman of my stables in Oxford Street—his duty would be to take money from customers and pay it over either to me, my wife, or clerk, directly he received it—in November last I had a horse of Mr. Ward's standing at livery, which I had had some few weeks—about January last Mr. Ward applied for the horse to be given up to him, which I declined to do, as his account was not paid—the bill was made out and sent to him, and when he got the bill he came to my place and said the money was paid, and produced this cheque for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—that was the amount of the livery up to the 8th November, I believe—the cheque is payable to me, and is endorsed "W. Burton," which is not my handwriting—I believe it is the prisoner's—he had no authority from me to endorse cheques—he had to bring his book every week—he has never accounted to me for that 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was in my service something like three years—I do not know how many children he has got—he would look after horses that I had for sale—I did not promise him remuneration for selling at an advanced price—I cannot say 1 remember a pair of horses sold to the Duke of Somerset for 230
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I cannot say without my books; it may be so, and that I told Gard I should be satisfied with 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—Gard sold to Mr. Stud, of Exeter, a roan gelding for 150 guineas on my account; I did not tell him I should be perfectly satisfied if I got 100 guineas for it—I do not know that I should have been satisfied with 130
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., it may be so; I did not promise him anything for that—my wife and clerk, not Gard, had charge of the books at Oxford Street; there were two or three books; I very seldom write in them myself—there is no cash-book for him to keep—he had to pay over his money every day, if he took any—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280027"/>
<p>have two cash-books, and I keep two banking accounts—Gard had only a book for the men's wages, which he put down on a Saturday night—he had no right to pay into the banker's—my clerk or wife did that—I have not heard of my wife forgetting that she had given the prisoner 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. as a gratuity, and offering it to him again, and his returning it—my wife is not in good health—my clerk is not here—I did not get a cheque from the prisoner for the 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and another sum amounting to 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the money was sent to my house, and I returned it—I said to the Magistrate that I would withdraw the charge of 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—every Saturday night, when the prisoner made out the books, there was 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. left in his hands to pay little sums he might want in the week—I do not remember the Magistrate saying that with regard to the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. petty cash it could not be treated as a criminal matter; I said to the Magistrate, if he would permit it, I would withdraw from the prosecution as to the 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. only—to the best of my belief the Magistrate did not dismiss the case of the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I did not hear him say it was only a debt—no one attended for me at the police-court—the Magistrate did not say if I withdrew from the prosecution he would send the papers to the Public Prosecutor; the Public Prosecutor was mentioned—I only mentioned to the Magistrate about withdrawing as to the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. as the man had a wife and family.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner was paid 35
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per week and his rooms—there is no pretence for saying that I owed him any money for commission or anything else.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. He took his money every Saturday night—he received certain money from time to time—he did not pay anything out of that; he had to account for that separately.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-128" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-128" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL WARD</persName> </hi>. I reside at 63, George Street, Portman Square—in October last I had a horse standing at livery at Mr. Burton's—I handed the prisoner a cheque for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., for which he gave me this receipt (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I subsequently sent for my horse; I forget the date—I was applied to for payment a second time, together with another amount incurred since for another horse—I showed the cheque and receipt to Mr. Burton; I think it was in December—the cheque was drawn in Mr. Barton's office by me on 8th November—I had known the prisoner as Mr. Burton's foreman—I do not know that he has been kicked by a horse, and laid up—I believe we were alone when I gave him the cheque.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was present before the Magistrate, but did not pay any particular attention to what took place—I believe the prosecutor said he would withdraw the charge as far as the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. went—the Magistrate said if he withdrew he should put it in the hands of the Public Prosecutor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-129" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KING</persName> </hi>. I am barman at Mr. Hartridge's, licensed victualler, near the prosecutor's yard—Mr. Hartridge is confined to his house—I saw the prisoner bring the cheque for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to him, and saw Mr. Hart
<lb/>ridge hand him the money for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot swear to the date; it was in November, in the middle of the week, Wednesday or Thursday.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-130" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-130" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE EDWARDS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective D</hi>) I took the prisoner into custody on the 10th February—I said, "I shall take you into custody on a charge of stealing and forging a cheque received by you for and on account of Mr. Burton on the 8th November; he did not seem to understand the charge; he did not say anything—I took the cheque and receipt from my pocket, and showed them to him—he said, "I know when that was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280028"/>
<p>done; I was short of money at the time, and could not pay it in"—I took him to the station, where he was charged with forging the endorse
<lb/>ment of the cheque, and also stealing 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. petty cash given to him by Mrs. Burton—before the Magistrate the prosecutor asked to be allowed to withdraw the charge of the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and the Magistrate said, "No, certainly not; if you do I shall put it in the hands of the Public Prosecutor."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The Magistrate did make some remark about the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. being merely a civil debt; that was after the evidence was given; that was when the other case was being gone into.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-302-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-302-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-302-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-303">
<interp inst="t18810228-303" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-303" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-303-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-303-18810228 t18810228-303-offence-1 t18810228-303-verdict-1"/>
<p>303.
<persName id="def1-303-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-303-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-303-18810228" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-303-18810228" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-303-18810228" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK MURPHY</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-303-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-303-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-303-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, Unlawfully attempting to break and enter the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810228-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-132" type="surname" value="HUCKLE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-132" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-303-offence-1 t18810228-name-132"/>Henry Huckle</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. ROBERTSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-133" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-133" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE OSBORNE</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Parsenage Walk, Newington, and am a hackney carriage driver—about 1.30 a.m. on 3rd February last I was on the rank at Whitechapel, when I saw the prisoner trying to unlock the iron gates of Mr. Lyon's shop, a carcase butcher—I saw a policeman come up and speak to him, and the prisoner turned away and ran—my face was towards the City, and the prisoner and the policeman went towards Whitechapel—shortly after I heard a cry of "Step thief" and rapid running.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I did not interfere when I saw you at the gates, because I thought you were entitled to go into the shop—I saw you show the police-constable a market ticket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. There were about half a dozen people near the spot at the time—the gates were under the pent-house, which sticks out; they lie right back from the pavement, perhaps about 16 feet—there was nothing to cause any suspicion—the prisoner appeared to be sober—I thought that he was letting himself in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-134" type="surname" value="BLUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-134" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK BLUNT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 818). I was in Aldgate at the time in question, when I saw the prisoner; he was tampering with the gate leading into Mr. Lyon's place—I passed down the foot pavement about eight or nine feet from him—as soon as he saw me he left the gate and said, "Good morning, it is a fine morning"—I thought it was a curious remark to make, as it was raining hard at the time—I said "Yes"—I went down as. far as Manchester Street and came back again, and saw the prisoner at the gate again; then he turned round and left the gate—I was in uniform—I went as far as the Minories, and passed him again, the third time, and he was at the gate again—I went down as far as Harrow Alley, and crossed the street and stood in a sort of
<hi rend="italic">triangular</hi> position and watched him; I was on the opposite side; it might have been 14 or 15 yards off—I saw him working his arms, and them I heard the chain rattle—I crossed back over the street, and walked up and turned on my light, and I then saw the padlock was forced open, but hanging in the links of the chain—the prisoner said, "Oh, sir, there is a man just come out from here with a slop on; I will show you where he is gone"—I said, "You belong to the cab rank, don't you?"—he said "Yes"—I went to catch hold of him but missed my hold, and he dodged down and ran away, and ran through Harrow Alley, which is about 20 yards from the gate on the same side of the road, out of Manchester Street—I called out "Stop thief," and he was apprehended by a police-officer, and I am up at the same time—we took him back to the gates,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280029"/>
<p>and I turned my light on and asked him if he knew anything about that, and showed him the lock—he made no answer—the lock was all right previously, because I had tried it before several times—that is the only entrance to the place—the chain goes round, and the padlock is inside the shop, but by twisting the chain you can bring the padlock outside—when I tried the lock about ten minutes before I saw the prisoner at the gate; the padlock was inside the gateway; there was no other security to the gate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had been watching you for about half an hour pre
<lb/>viously.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-135" type="surname" value="ROWEGTTOM"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-135" type="given" value="OLIVER"/>OLIVER ROWEGTTOM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi> 33). I examined the gate, and found the padlock hanging to the chain (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>); it was outside the iron gate—I found this hook immediataly outside the gates; it is a hook used by butchers to hang on iron bars—it does not belong to the pre
<lb/>mises—it was lying on the ground about a foot off—I searched the prisoner, and I round this badge on him (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is a metropolitan porter's badge, which was stolen from, the Metropolitan Meat Market with two coats, previously—I roused Mr. Huekle, the foreman on the premises—I saw through the iron bars of the gate a quantity of fat hanging up—the bars were four or five inches apart—these are some out houses at the back, I believe—the office is immediately behind the gates on the right of the shop—there is an iron safe there which was all right—you could not see it from outside.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The hook has not been on the sliding red lately, on this part would have been quite bright—it is clogged with dirt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I wish to have the case settled here. I call no witnesses."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-303-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-303-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-303-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-303-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-303-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-303-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-303-18810228 t18810228-303-punishment-25"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-304">
<interp inst="t18810228-304" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-304" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-304-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-304-18810228 t18810228-304-offence-1 t18810228-304-verdict-1"/>
<p>304.
<persName id="def1-304-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-304-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-304-18810228" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-304-18810228" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-304-18810228" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SMITH</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-304-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-304-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-304-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Breaking and entering the shop of
<persName id="t18810228-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-137" type="surname" value="DELAROE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-137" type="given" value="THEODORE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-304-offence-1 t18810228-name-137"/>Theo
<lb/>dore Delaroe</persName>, and stealing 10 umbrellas, his goods.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREENFEILD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-138" type="surname" value="HUTCHINS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-138" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HUTCHINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman CR</hi> 22). While on duty in Oxenden Street, at 12 p.m. on the 19th February, I heard a noise in the shop of No. 26—I tried the door, and found it loose at the top—these was some
<lb/>thing standing against the bottom inside; I pushes it sharply, and the door opened—I went in and found this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> and some umbrellas (
<hi rend="italic">pro
<lb/>duced</hi>)—I then searched the place, and when I got to the top front room I found the prisoner—I asked him what he was doing, and he made no answer—I brought him downstairs and left him in charge of another constable, and examined the premises again, and found nobody else—I found on him a box key and some ordinary matches—I took him to the station, and sent a telegram to the prosecutor—the prisoner was charged, but made no answer—he told the inspector he should not give his address—there were marks en the door corresponding with the
<hi rend="italic">jemmy.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-139" type="surname" value="DELAROE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-139" type="given" value="THEODORE"/>THEODORE DELAROE</persName> </hi>. I have a shop at 26, Oxenden Street, and am a hat manufacturer and sell umbrellas—I left the place safe at about 8.30 p.m. on the 19th February—at about 2.30 I received a telegram from Vine Street Police-station—I went to the shop with the inspector, and saw these umbrellas on the floor, ready to tie up in this cloth—they had been removed from their proper place; about 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth—I identify them—these looks were on the front door.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280030"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-304-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-304-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-304-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to having been before convicted of felony.</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-304-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-304-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-304-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-304-18810228 t18810228-304-punishment-26"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-305">
<interp inst="t18810228-305" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-305" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-305-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-305-18810228 t18810228-305-offence-1 t18810228-305-verdict-1"/>
<p>305.
<persName id="def1-305-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-305-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18810228" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18810228" type="surname" value="MORBEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18810228" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK MORBEY</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-305-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-305-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-305-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18810228-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-141" type="surname" value="VARNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-141" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-305-offence-1 t18810228-name-141"/>Charles Varney</persName>, and stealing 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., his money.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KELLY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-142" type="surname" value="VARNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-142" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES VARNEY</persName> </hi>. On the night of the 12th February I was in Cran
<lb/>bourne Street, with two men named Scott and Coombs, coming from the Alhambra, when about a dozen or fourteen fellows came behind us, and the prisoner and another put their knees behind my back and pulled me down—Scott picked me up, and the prisoner went into the road to challenge him to fight—when on the ground I saw the prisoner draw his hand from my trousers' pocket, and I missed 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-143" type="surname" value="COOMBS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-143" type="given" value="ERNEST CHARLES"/>ERNEST CHARLES COOMBS</persName> </hi>. I was with Varney and Scott at the time in question on our way from the Alhambra—on passing through Cranbourne Street Varney was between us—when between Leicester Square and St. Martin's Lane the prisoner and another came behind and caught hold of him and put their knees to his back and threw him to the ground—there were about a dozen with him—we helped to left him up, and the prisoner then challenged me to fight—there were about five more round, one hitting me one way and one the other, and I found it was no good my going back to my friend—the prisoner went back again to where my friend was lying, and I went for a constable—the constable came round the corner, and I saw the prisoner run out from the crowd—we gave chase to him, and the constable caught him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. I was perfectly sober—Varney was a little the worse for drink, but he knew what he was doing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-144" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-144" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I was with Varney and Coombs when in Cranbourne Street I saw a party of at least a dozen coming past us—the prisoner and another man caught hold of Varney by the back, and threw him to the ground, and after we pulled him up on his legs again the prisoner ran out into the road and offered to fight Coombs—after he got into the road he was joined by at leant half a dozen more—he came back to where Varney was lying, and I saw him rifling his pockets—there was another man on the top of Varney as the prisoner came back—I cannot say whether the prisoner was the man who took his money, but I saw his hand go into his pocket—Coombs and I then called a police constable—Varney was a little the worse for liquor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-145" type="surname" value="SHEERARD"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-145" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SHEERARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 298). Coombs came up to me and called me, and I went with him to Cranbourne Street—as soon as I got to the crowd I saw the prisoner run out of the crowd—I immediately gave chase to him—I did not know what the nature of the case was at the time—I ran him down Cranbourne Street and Castle Street, and another constable ran up and stopped him and fell over him—I took him into custody, and asked him what he had been doing—he said he had been doing nothing—I said "You have been doing something to a man in Cranbourne Street, robbing him or something"—he said he had not—I brought him back to the prosecutor, and he said he had stolen 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. from him—I then took him to the station and charged him—I searched him, and found on him 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in silver and 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze and a very curious knife (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—Varney identified the prisoner at once—Coombs and Scott said at the police-station that night that the prisoner was the man who first came up to him and pulled him on his back.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280031"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was going down Cranbourne Street and saw a crowd of people, and I looked in the crowd, and heard they were robbing somebody. When the policeman came up, the crowd ran, and I ran to see what it was. The constable caught hold of me, and said "You have been robbing somebody, come back, and he took me to the station and took the money out of my pocket, and asked the prosecutor what I had been doing, and he told him.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18810228-305-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-305-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-305-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of robbery.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-305-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-305-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-305-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-305-18810228 t18810228-305-punishment-27"/>Fifteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-306">
<interp inst="t18810228-306" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-306" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-306-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-306-18810228 t18810228-306-offence-1 t18810228-306-verdict-1"/>
<p>306.
<persName id="def1-306-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-306-18810228" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18810228" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18810228" type="surname" value="SHORTHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18810228" type="given" value="GEORGIANA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGIANA SHORTHOUSE</hi>
<rs id="t18810228-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-306-18810228 t18810228-alias-1"/>(
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SOUTH</hi>)</rs> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-306-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-306-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-306-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18810228-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-147" type="surname" value="SHORTHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-147" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-306-offence-1 t18810228-name-147"/>Henry Shorthouse</persName> during the lifetime of her husband.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-148" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-148" type="given" value="MONTAGU"/>MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-149" type="surname" value="SLATEUM"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-149" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBEBT SLATEUM</persName> </hi>. I live at 18, High Street, Rhyl, Flintshire, and am a fancy dealer—I produce a certificate of marriage between George South and Georgians Shortgate on 24th November, 1878, at Liverpool.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-150" type="surname" value="SHORTHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-150" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN SHORTHOUSE</persName> </hi>. I live at 186, Bromsgrove Street, Birming
<lb/>ham, and am a shopkeeper—I have a brother named Henry Shorthouse; I saw him on Monday morning last; he lives close to me—I was present at St. Warburg's Church, Derby, when he was married to the prisoner, then Georgians Hassell—they lived together about two years and nine months—the last time I saw the prisoner before I saw her at the police-court was at my house in Birmingham, about four years ago—my brother was living in Birmingham at that time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-151" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-151" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH PERRY</persName> </hi>. I was living in Birmingham in 1876, and knew Henry Shorthouse, who was living there then, and lives there now, in Bromsgrove Street—I saw the prisoner at Birmingham in the beginning of December, 1876—the last witness lives at the top of the yard; I do not know the number—in December, 1876, just as I came out at the top of the yard to go an errand, the prisoner was getting out of a trap to go into Miss Shorthouse's house; she embraced Miss Shorthouse—I saw Henry Shorthouse, with a little boy, coming up the street; I said some
<lb/>thing to him—the prisoner then came out and went to shake hands with the child, when Henry snatched the child away from her, and he never spoke to her—he lives next door to me, a few houses from Miss Short
<lb/>house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was never at Marlborough Street—Mr. Turpin came to me on Sunday, and in consequence of some conversation with him I am here to-day—I have lived in Birmingham since I was seven years old—I have known Mr. Shorthouse near upon eight years—I was at his house on Monday morning—I see him almost every day—I have never seen the prisoner more than once there—I do not keep a diary—I know the date in December by the marriage of my daughter—I don't know that the prisoner left Shorthouse because of his cruelty to her—I believe the was about 17 when she married him—I have heard that she has run away, and he has fetched her back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> My daughter was married four years last June—it was after her marriage that I saw the prisoner in Birmingham.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-152" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-152" type="surname" value="BUCHANAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-152" type="given" value="CAROLINE HELEN"/>CAROLINE HELEN BUCHANAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Hanway Street, and am the wife of David Buchanan—I was present on 24th November, 1878, at Liverpool, when the prisoner was married to George South, jeweller, of Bond Street—I was one of the witnesses.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-153" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-153" type="surname" value="TURPIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-153" type="given" value="NEWMAN"/>NEWMAN TURPIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector C</hi>). On 7th February I arrested the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280032"/>
<p>in Great Marlborough Street—I told her she was charged with marrying George South, her husband, Henry Shorthouse, being then alive—I told her she would also be charged with marrying Henry Jones, her husband being alive at that time; she made no reply to either charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This case was not originally taken up by the Public Prosecutor—I understood that the gentleman who first made the charge had a claim against the prisoner for money—there was an action com
<lb/>menced against her by him at the Bloomsbury County Court—there was a solicitor who appeared for the prosecution who was solicitor for Mr. Slateum.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-306-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-306-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-306-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">See Page</hi> 460.)</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, March</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lindley.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-307">
<interp inst="t18810228-307" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-307" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-307-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-307-18810228 t18810228-307-offence-1 t18810228-307-verdict-1"/>
<p>307.
<persName id="def1-307-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-307-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-307-18810228" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-307-18810228" type="surname" value="POSGATE"/>
<interp inst="def1-307-18810228" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS POSGATE</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-307-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-307-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-307-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18810228-name-155" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-155" type="surname" value="NATHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-155" type="given" value="JOSEPH EMANUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-307-offence-1 t18810228-name-155"/>Joseph Emanuel Nathan</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BURNIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-156" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-156" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HILL</persName> </hi>. I live at New Street Chambers, Bishopsgate—about 1.30 in the morning of the 8th instant I was in Commercial Street—I saw the prisoner there driving a four-wheeled cab towards White-chapel, and another cab, driven by Nathan, was coming in the opposite direction—the prisoner ran into Nathan's cab, knocked him off his cab, and turned the cab over on the top of him—the prisoner's cab was on the same side as Nathan's, that was his wrong side—he was going at the rate of 12 miles an hour—after Nathan's cab was knocked over four people got out of it, and with assistance got the cab up and Nathan was drawn from under it and taken to the hospital—the prisoner had been drinking.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I said before the Magistrate that he was drunk; I might have said "very drunk"—he must have been, he could not walk straight to the station—they put me down as a cab loafer—I am a carman by trade, not a cabdriver—Nathan's cab was going about six miles an tour—the prisoner's cab was about two minutes walk from me when I first saw it; I can't tell the number of yards—I know Nathan's son—I did not see any cab following Nathan's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There was no traffic in the road at the time; it was a fine night—there were lamps on both sides of the street; it is wide enough for five vehicles to pass.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-157" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-157" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FROST</persName> </hi>. I live at 34, Vardon Street, New Street, Commercial Road—I am a cabdriver—I was driving a cab on this night, following Nathan's cab, eight or ten yards behind him—we were both going west, and going between six and seven miles an hour—I heard the collision and saw Nathan's cab go over—the wheels of his cab were I should think between four and five feet from his near kerb just previous to its going over—a lady and gentleman in my cab got out there were four persons in Nathan's cab and two in mine; one party—I was much confused at the time; I saw the persons get out of Nathan's cab; I then steadied my horse and got down to give assistance, but it was not required—Nathan had been got out before I got down—the road is 33 feet wide between the kerbs—Nathan was on his right side—I did not notice his cab swerve at all from its right side.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-158" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-158" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES STEWART</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 202). About 1.15 on the morning of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280033"/>
<p>the 8th I was in Commercial street—I saw these two cabs—the prisoner's cab was about the middle of the street, and the prisoner was lying on his back in the street—Nathan's cab was lying on its side on the other side of the street—I got assistance and lifted up Nathan's cab and found him underneath—I got him out and carried him to the Metropolitan Free Hospital, which was about 100 yards away—I returned in about fifteen minutes and saw the prisoner by his cab—he did not seem to be drunk, but he seemed to be unaware of what had happened—I took him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-159" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-159" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HAMMOND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector H</hi>). I was in charge of the police-station when the prisoner was brought in, and in consequence of Hill's statement he was charged with reckless driving and causing serious injury to Nathan—he said "I know nothing about it, my head is all duzed"—my opinion was that he had been the worse for drink; he was not in a state that I could charge him with being drunk, but I was under the impression that he had been drinking; I told him so, and he requested the divisonal surgeon to be sent for to examined him as to his state? that was done, and the surgeon said that he had been drinking, but he would be capable of driving a cab them; he could not say that he had been the worse for drink—I saw the place where the accident happened a few hours afterwards, and I saw a pool of blood where the injured man had laid; it was 8 feet from the near kerb—I measured the roadway; it is 30 feet from kerb to kerb.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I heard the prisoner say before the Coroner that he was about the centre of the road, and that the other cab was about the time, that he pulled his near rein, and expected the other man would do the same, but that the other man's horse swerved into him, and that caused the collision—the Coroner's Jury returned a verdict of accidental death.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-160" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-160" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-160" type="given" value="MOSS"/>MOSS COHEN</persName> </hi>. I live at 49, Tavistock Square—I was in the cab with my family, driven by the deceased—the windows were up—I did not see anything of the accident—I felt a collision, and felt she horse fall, and the cab turning over—we were on our proper side, and going about six or seven miles an hour—there was no luggage on the cab.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-161" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-161" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-161" type="given" value="JEFEREYS"/>JEFEREYS McCARTHY</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Phillips, the surgeon to the H division of Police—I saw the prisoner at the station on the 8th—I could not say that he was drunk; he appeared to have had something to drink, but seemed perfectly capable of driving a cab—I asked him if he had been drinking—he said "I have taken a little; I take a little to drink every day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-162" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-162" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM COHEN</persName> </hi>. I am senior house surgeon at the Metropolitan Free Hostipital—I saw Nathan when he was received there on the 8th—he was in a state of insensibility, from which he did not recover, and he died in that state at 6 the same morning—on a post mortem examination I found five ribs fractured on the right side, extensive laceration or rapture of the liver, and a comminuted fracture of the left collar-bone, such a state of things as might have been caused by the accident de
<lb/>scribed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-307-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-307-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-307-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-308">
<interp inst="t18810228-308" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-308" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-308-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-308-18810228 t18810228-308-offence-1 t18810228-308-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-308-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-308-18810228 t18810228-308-offence-2 t18810228-308-verdict-2"/>
<p>308.
<persName id="def1-308-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-308-18810228" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-308-18810228" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-308-18810228" type="surname" value="MYERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-308-18810228" type="given" value="ELEANOR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELEANOR MYERS</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-308-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-308-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-308-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>. Feloniously casting and throwing cor
<lb/>rosive fluid upon
<persName id="t18810228-name-164" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-164" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-164" type="surname" value="BIRKS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-164" type="given" value="MADELINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810228-308-offence-1 t18810228-name-164"/>Madeline Birks</persName>, with intent to injure her.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. B. KELLY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280034"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-165" type="surname" value="BIKE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-165" type="given" value="MADELINE"/>MADELINE BIKE</persName> </hi>. I am an unfortunate girl—I did live at 5, Rich Street, Limehouse; I am now living at No. 3—I have known the prisoner about three years—she lives in Nelson Court, about two minutes' walk from me—I have been away from London for a long time—on the 28th January, about 20 minutes to 10 at night, I came out of the Eastern Hall, in the West India Dock Road, and was between there and the Oporto—I can't speak positively to the time to a few minutes, but it was between 20 minutes and half-past 10, for I was at home by half-past—as I passed along I saw the prisoner standing under a lamp outside the Eastern Hotel—I did not speak to her—I am quite sure it was her—I felt some liquid thrown over me—I did not know what it was—it fell over my ulster and bonnet; none of it touched my face—I believed at the time it was water, or some slush—it was a snowy night—I walked home, and took off my things as usual—about 2 o'clock I went to brush them, as they were muddy, and then found they were marked all in yellow spots—I had had a quarrel with the prisoner before this—she had used violent language to me several times—she had told me she would strike me, and do one thing and another to me—I lived in her house, at one time—she keeps a house of ill fame—I took my ulster and bonnet to Mr. Hatfield's, a chemist, and asked him what it was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I said before the Magistrate that this occurred from a quarter-past 10 to half-past 10; I could not say positively—I first knew the prisoner three years ago—she threatened me then—of course we are not friendly—we do not speak—there was no one with me on this occa
<lb/>sion—I was near the edge of the pavement, and she was standing under
<lb/>neath the lamp—I did not stop to look round—another woman was with her—I did not get up till late the next morning—it was about two, or half-past, when I brushed my clothes—there was some one with me that night—he went out—there was no other young woman living in the same room with me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The last time the prisoner threatened me was about five weeks ago—I distinctly saw the prisoner's face when she threw this at me—I believe the woman who was with her was Lizzie Earle.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-166" type="surname" value="JORDAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-166" type="given" value="MARIE"/>MARIE JORDAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 5, Rich Street, Limehouse—I am an unfor
<lb/>tunate girl—I do not know the prisoner—I have known Madeline Birks for three years; we both came up from Liverpool together—on the Thursday night, from nine to half-past, I was in the West India Road, and saw the prisoner standing under the lamp with another young girl—she said "Where is Milly?" meaning Birks—I said "I don't know where she is at present, but I think she is at home"—Milly passed the Eastern public-house, and the prisoner said "I have a good mind to go after her now, to beat her"—I said "What do you want her for?"—she said "I have got some old aggrievance to deal with her; I don't forget her for three years ago; I have got an old quarrel to pick with her"—I said "Why don't you go and tell her that? don't tell me"—she said "Well, if I don't tell her that, I will do something else to her; I will leave her for an hospital case, and not fit for anybody to look at her, if I live for 20 years"—I said "It has nothing to do with me; I like to tell a woman to her face, not go behind her back"—she said "I have a good mind to go after her now, she is passing the Eastern Hotel; but, never mind, I will pay her a different road."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner was a perfect stranger to me when she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280035"/>
<p>came up and said this—I had never spoken to her before—I and Milly live together in the same house, but different rooms.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-167" type="surname" value="CLELLAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-167" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY CLELLAN</persName> </hi>. I am a girl of the town, and live in Rich Street—I have known the prisoner about two years—on Friday night, between nine and ten, I saw her in the True Briton beerhouse—she said "Have you seen Milly?"—I said "Yes; she is down home"—she said "I want to see her on some old aggrievance"—she was in the tap-room, with her husband, up to about 10 or half-past—Annie Nutter, who was with me, left about 10.30—the prisoner did not leave then—I was with her for about an hour after that, or a little more—she was with me all that time—I heard on the Saturday of the vitriol being thrown—it was on the Friday night that the prisoner asked me this question.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not notice the prisoner leave the house—I was in and out of the room, but not out of the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-168" type="surname" value="NUTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-168" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE NUTTER</persName> </hi>. I am a girl of the town, and live at 5, Rich Street, Limehouse, in the same house as the last witness—on a Friday night, a month ago, I was with her in the True Briton—I went there about 9 o'clock, and left about 10, or five minutes to 10—the prisoner came in directly after me, with a pail in her hand, for some water—we drank together—she merely asked after the prosecutrix—she said if she did not keep her tongue off of her she would pay her—I left her and her hus
<lb/>band in the tap-room, about 10 minutes to 10—she did not go out at all during that time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I came out I left Clellan there—the prisoner looked as if she had been washing—she came in in her body and skirt, but no shawl on—we treated her, and she treated us.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-169" type="surname" value="HATFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-169" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HATFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist, in Commercial Road, Limehouse—the prosecutrix brought a bonnet and ulster to my shop, and asked me what I thought it was that was thrown over them—it was undoubtedly vitriol—several holes were burnt in the hat and ulster—if it had touched her eyes it would have blinded her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-170" type="surname" value="CLANFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-170" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CLANFIELD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). On Saturday, the 29th, the prosecu
<lb/>trix made a complaint to me, and I went that same night to the prisoner's house—I told her the charge—she said she did not do it; that she was washing up to 9 o'clock, and, after 9, she spent the evening at Mr. Lane's, the True Briton beerhouse, and about 12 she went to the Eastern Hotel for some spirits, and that she had two witnesses to prove it—I know the lamp-post at the Eastern Hotel; it is about 200 yards from the True Briton.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-171" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-171" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK LANE</persName> </hi>. I keep the True Briton beerhouse—I know the prisoner and her husband, by seeing them backwards and forwards at my house—they were there on Friday night, the 28th, from a few minutes before 10 till 20 minutes past 12—I am Sure she was not out of the house five minutes—I did not miss her at all—I was in my bar and parlour all the evening—she was in front of the bar, and in the latter part of the evening, in the tap-room—I saw Clellan and Nutter there that evening, about 10.30—I could not say when they came in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-172" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-172" type="surname" value="GOLDING"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-172" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH GOLDING</persName> </hi>. On Friday night, 28th February, I was in the True Briton—I saw the prisoner there at 120 minutes to 10—I left about 20 minutes past 12—the prisoner was there all that time, with her hus
<lb/>band—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280036"/>
<p>am positive she never left the house during that time—there is a clock over the bar—I live in the same house with the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810228-308-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-308-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-308-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-308-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-308-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-308-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>There was another indictment against the prisoner for a com
<lb/>mon assault,</rs>
<rs id="t18810228-308-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-308-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-308-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>upon which no evidence was offered.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, March</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-309">
<interp inst="t18810228-309" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-309" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-309-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-309-18810228 t18810228-309-offence-1 t18810228-309-verdict-1"/>
<p>309.
<persName id="def1-309-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-309-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-309-18810228" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-309-18810228" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="def1-309-18810228" type="given" value="FREDERICK JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK JOHN REED</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18810228-309-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-309-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-309-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-174" type="surname" value="AVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-174" type="given" value="HORACE"/>MR. HORACE AVORY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-175" type="surname" value="CUFFE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-175" type="given" value="MOORE ANDREW"/>MOORE ANDREW CUFFE</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the firm of Orellano, Collis, and Cuffe, carrying on business as scholastic agents, at 32A, George Street, Hanover Square—the prisoner was in our employ
<lb/>ment up to the 19th February, at 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a week, for three or four weeks; before that he had 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—he left on the 19th February, and subsequently went into other employment—we keep an account at the Hanover Square branch of the London and County Bank—the cheque-book was kept in a drawer of Mr. Collie's table—the drawer was locked, but the keys were left in it during the day—the series number of the cheque-book is L 1846—five cheques at least have been ab
<lb/>stracted—the five produced agree with the series number—they are dated, the 26th January, 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; two of 3rd February, 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the 16th February, 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and 19th February, 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—they are not signed by me—the writing is like the prisoner's, slightly disguised; the letter
<hi rend="italic">r</hi> is similar—I have no doubt they are written by the prisoner—I gave no one autho
<lb/>rity to fill them up—they have all been paid—the prisoner had no autho
<lb/>rity to fill them up—he sometimes filled in the figure, but in those cases the cheques were crossed—I found this business letter on the prisoner's desk after he left; it is his writing, signed by him, per procuration—this letter is also the prisoner's writing, but he must have abstracted one which I wrote, to copy it from, which I entrusted him to post.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The letter is a certificate of his character given by me—the dates and the amounts in the cheques are also like the prisoner's writing—the whole of the writing resembles his, especially the letter "s," and the words "ten pounds;" the "p" in pounds is like it—Mr. Collin and I usually draw cheques—Mr. Orellano never did draw cheques more than about twice—the practice of my partners has been to take cheques from the end of the book—the prisoner has been employed by us about four months; part of the time he was ill, and we kept the situation open for him—we had confidence in him—he left because we no longer re
<lb/>quired his services—we gave him a recommendation to Foster and Co.'s, into whose service he went—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—that was the letter he must have abstracted—we find situations for teachers—they wait in the office; the office is not left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The writing is not like my partner's—we did not fill up the counterfoils.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-176" type="surname" value="COLLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-176" type="given" value="WILLIAM ROBERT FITZGEBALD"/>WILLIAM ROBERT FITZGEBALD COLLIS</persName> </hi>. I am a partner in this firm—these cheques are in the prisoner's writing—the signature is like Mr. Cuffe's—I did not know anything about them till I saw them re
<lb/>turned from the bank.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280037"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The "F" in "February" and the "S" in "So
<lb/>licitor," the "p" in "pounds," and the "81" in the date, are like the prisoner's—I have not studied under Mr. Chabot—I take cheques for my private account—I do not fill up the counterfoils—I was at the office daily.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The general appearance of the writing on the cheques is like the prisoner's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-177" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-177" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY HUDSON</persName> </hi>. I am chief cashier at the Hanover Square branch of the London and County Bank—Messrs Oreflano, Collis, and Cuffe kept an account there—the cheque book with the series No. L. 1846 was issued to them—the five cheques produced were all pre
<lb/>sented to me on different days, and cashed by me in gold—I have no re
<lb/>collection who presented them—the signature resembles Mr. Cuffe's, not Mr. Orellano's—the writing resembles the writing in the letter produced (
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner's writing</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The general character of the letter is similar, but the "s" is a peculiar one, as well as the "F" in "February" and the figures "81"—the "8" starts from the top—I had an opportunity of examining them, when Mr. Cuffe said they were not his signatures.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-178" type="surname" value="CANT"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-178" type="given" value="DANIEL WILLIAM"/>DANIEL WILLIAM CANT</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk of Orellano and Co.—the prisoner had, on or about the 5th of February, a cheque—he covered it partly over with a piece of blotting paper, but I did not take much notice, as he said he had a cheque book, and I was busy—it resembled the colour of the London and County Bank cheque—I know the prisoner's writing—to the best of my belief these cheques are his writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have cashed cheques at the bank—Pickett, the other clerk, did not while I was there—Reed did—I did not mention the cheque I saw him with to any one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-179" type="surname" value="CHURCH"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-179" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CHURCH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi>). About 1.30 on Monday, the 21st February, I went to 47, Wood Street, Cheapside, and saw the prisoner—I told him I wanted him to see Dr. Cuffe respecting forged cheques—he said "Yes, I will go and see him"—I took him to 32A, George Street—Dr. Cuffe showed him a cheque, and asked him if he knew anything about it—it was one of these five—he then showed him the letter (
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner's character</hi>) and asked him if he knew anything about that—he said "Yes, that is my handwriting"—Dr. Cuffe then gave him into custody for forging the five cheques—the prisoner made no reply—I took him to the station—I searched him—I found seven rings, a silver watch and hair guard, two pocket books, two cigarette cases, a card case, and two cigarette tubes, also the receipts (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>). ("Feb. 14th. Received from F. J. Reed the sum of 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on account of three guineas fee for one quarter payable in advance, of music hall tuition." "Feb. 17th, 1881. Received 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. balance of fee," and one of Samuel Brothers, of Ludgate Hill, for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for goods delivered, and Phillips and Co., tailors, High Holborn, 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., dated 15th February, 1881.) I also found 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in cash—I should value the jewellery at 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; they are gold settings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know Reed's father is respectable—he did not tell me his son boarded and lodged at home, but he said he thought his son was going wrong some time ago—I did not forget to tell the prosecution that.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280038"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-180" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-180" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-180" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE REED</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's sister, and live at 9, Arthur Street, Gray's Inn Road—my father travels as a wholesale tobacconist—this is my watch produced—I lent it to my brothers—he lodged and boarded at home—he was allowed to keep his wages except 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week reserved by his mother for his clothes—mother gave him the money to buy his clothes at Samuels's—I saw her do so—my father has comfortable means—this ring is mine—I lent it to my brother.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I lent it him about three weeks before Christmas—he said he was going to a party—I did not ask for it back, I never wear it—I have seen one of the other rings on my brother at home in Sep
<lb/>tember last—I hare not seen him wearing the others—he has not given the 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week to his mother except during the last three or four weeks—he had his luncheon before he went, and his dinner when he came home—I know nothing about the receipts for music hall tuition—I did not know he was taking lessons—the writing on the cheques is not like his—these two letters are—the one on the top is not (
<hi rend="italic">a press copy</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-181" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-181" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES REED</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's father—he is 17 next birthday—Messrs. Orellano's was his first regular situation—he slept at home—he came home when he left the office, went out again till about 10, and if he asked me to stay later he had permission to do so—I never interfered with his wages, I was away from home so much that I left that to his mother—he has always been a decent well-behaved lad—his mother is confined to her bed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew nothing of his music hall tuition—it was not with my approval—I never had to complain of his being late—I never made any observation to the officer about his conduct—I said I was thunderstruck when I knew the position the boy was in—I did not know of his having a cheque book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I never said I knew he was going wrong.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-182" type="surname" value="WOLFE"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-182" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>MORRIS WOLFE</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Messrs. Phillips, tailors, in High Holborn—the receipt in full for three guineas was given to Reed on his paying 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he had paid a previous instalment of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He paid it to our agent, Mr. Fletcher—I cannot tell where he lives.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810228-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-183" type="surname" value="RITCHES"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-183" type="given" value="EDGAR"/>EDGAR RITCHES</persName> </hi>. I am a salesman, of 1, Arthur Street, Gray's Inn Road—I know the prisoner well—he has been in the habit of buying and exchanging cheap jewellery—I have exchanged articles of that kind with him—he sold some to Mr. Cott, who is in Paris.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I supplied him with some of the jewellery—I sell patent medicines—I deal in jewellery in my overtime—I have friends jewellers—I knew the prisoner intimately—I knew something about his music-hall tuition—I have not been there with him—I dare say I should recognise his writing; the writing on these cheques is not like it—the writing on two of the letters resembles that on the cheques, but not the bottom one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This is the prisoner's writing (
<hi rend="italic">an admitted specimen</hi>).</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18810228-309-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-309-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-309-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury, who considered the prose
<lb/>cutors ought to be more careful with their cheque book.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810228-309-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-309-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-309-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-309-18810228 t18810228-309-punishment-28"/>Six Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810228-310">
<interp inst="t18810228-310" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810228"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-310" type="date" value="18810228"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-310-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-310-18810228 t18810228-310-offence-1 t18810228-310-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-310-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-310-18810228 t18810228-310-offence-1 t18810228-310-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-310-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-310-18810228 t18810228-310-offence-1 t18810228-310-verdict-3"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810228-310-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-310-18810228 t18810228-310-offence-1 t18810228-310-verdict-2"/>
<p>310.
<persName id="def1-310-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-310-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-310-18810228" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-310-18810228" type="surname" value="HUTCHINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-310-18810228" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HUTCHINSON</hi> (18)</persName>
<persName id="def2-310-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-310-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-310-18810228" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-310-18810228" type="surname" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="def2-310-18810228" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES ALEXANDER</hi> (19)</persName>
<persName id="def3-310-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-310-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-310-18810228" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def3-310-18810228" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="def3-310-18810228" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE OLIVER</hi>(20)</persName>, and
<persName id="def4-310-18810228" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-310-18810228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-310-18810228" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def4-310-18810228" type="surname" value="AARONSON"/>
<interp inst="def4-310-18810228" type="given" value="ABRAHAM MEYER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ABRAHAM MEYER AARONSON</hi> (58)</persName> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188102280039"/>
<p>
<rs id="t18810228-310-offence-" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810228-310-offence-" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-310-offence-" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>Stealing a bag and 40 lockets, and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18810228-name-188" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810228-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-188" type="surname" value="BROMET"/>
<interp inst="t18810228-name-188" type="given"