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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310001"/>
<xptr type="transcription" doc="18810131"/>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18810131">
<interp inst="f18810131" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="f18810131" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>McARTHUR, MAYOR.</p>
<p>FOURTH SESSION, HELD JANUARY 31ST, 1881.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE.</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18810131-name-1">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-1" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES DROVER"/>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</persName> </p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18810131-name-2">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-2" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-2" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18810131-name-3">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-3" type="surname" value="BESLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-3" type="given" value="EDWARD T. E."/>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.</persName>,</p>
<p>OF THS MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS AND SONS, 119, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>Law Booksellers and Publishers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, January 31st, 1881, and following days,</p>
<p>Including certain cases committed to this Court under order in Council, pursuant to the Spring Assizes Act of 1879,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-4" type="surname" value="MCARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-4" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM McARTHUR</persName>, M.P., LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; The Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-5" type="surname" value="GROVE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-5" type="given" value="WILLIAM ROBERT"/>WILLIAM ROBERT GROVE</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of the Common Pleas Division of the High Court of Justice; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-6" type="surname" value="CARDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-6" type="given" value="ROBERT WALTER"/>ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</persName> </hi>, Knt., M.P., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-7" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-7" type="given" value="WILLIAM ANDERSON"/>WILLIAM ANDERSON ROSE</persName> </hi>, Knt., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-8" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-8" type="given" value="JAMES CLARKE"/>JAMES CLAKKE LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Bart., M.P., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-9" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-9" type="given" value="DAVID HENRY"/>DAVID HENRY STONE</persName> </hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-10" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-10" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-11" type="surname" value="FIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-11" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FIGGINS</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-12" type="surname" value="HADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-12" type="given" value="SIMEON CHARLES"/>SIMEON CHARLES HADLEY</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-13" type="surname" value="NOTTAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-13" type="given" value="GEORGE SWAN"/>GEORGE SWAN NOTTAGE</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-14" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-14" type="given" value="REGINALD"/>REGINALD HANSON</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-15" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-15" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., D.C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-16" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-16" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq., LL.D., Judge of the Sheriffs' Court: Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-17" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-17" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-17" type="given" value="ROBERT NICHOLAS"/>ROBERT NICHOLAS FOWLER</persName> </hi>, Esq., M.P., Alderman,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-18" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-18" type="surname" value="WATERLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-18" type="given" value="HERBERT JAMESON"/>HERBERT JAMESON WATERLOW</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-19" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-19" type="surname" value="HANBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-19" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>ARCHIBALD HANBURY</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-20" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-20" type="surname" value="LAYTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-20" type="given" value="EDWARD JOHN"/>EDWARD JOHN LAYTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310003"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McARTHUR, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<p>207.
<persName id="def1-207-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-207-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-207-18810131" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-207-18810131" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="def1-207-18810131" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES GRIFFITHS</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-207-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-207-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-207-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAWFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-22" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-22" type="surname" value="HANWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-22" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA HANWELL</persName> </hi>. My father keeps a coffee-house at 6, New Street, Covent Garden—on 5th January I served the prisoner with a cup of tea; he gave me a half-crown; I gave him 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—I laid the coin on the counter; my father took it up—this is it—I know it by its being worn—two days before that a man had passed a bad shilling to me for a cup of tea—I gave him the change, and put the shilling in the till—the man had a handkerchief round his neck—I cannot say that the prisoner is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-23" type="surname" value="HANWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-23" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HANWELL</persName> </hi>. I am the father of the last witness—I saw her serve the prisoner on 3rd January, about 9 a.m.—I was 9 or 10 yards off—she took his money, gave him the change, and put some money into the till—he left, and about half an hour afterwards I went to the till, and found a bad shilling at the top—there was only one other shilling there, a good one, and some sixpences—on the next Wednesday, about 2 o'clock, my daughter called my attention to the prisoner, and laid a half-crown on the counter before me—I found that it was bad, and said to the prisoner "Were you ever in my house before? Were you here on Monday?"—he said "No, sir; I have only come up from Yorkshire"—I said "Are you aware that you have given my daughter a base coin, a half-crown?"—he said "Have I; I will give you another one; I am very sorry," and gave me a good one—I gave him in charge; he then pulled out two good half-crowns, a florin, and four pennies—I saw no other copper—he said "Do not give me in charge: don't lock me up; I will give you my name and address"—I said that if he was an honest man he would give his name and address at the station-house—he gave his name Charles Griffiths at the station, but said "I shall give no address"—he had a muffler round his neck on the Monday, and on the Wednesday also, but folded in a different shape.</p>
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<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-24" type="surname" value="STANNARD"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-24" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE STANNARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 216). On 5th January Mr. Hanwell took me to his house, where the prisoner was, and said "This man has tendered a bad half-crown for a cup of coffee, and I know him to have been in my house last Monday and passed a bad shilling, and I wish to give him in custody"—I said to the prisoner "Turn out your pockets, and let me see what you have got"—he showed me three good half-crowns, a florin, and fourpence—I searched his pockets, but found no more—Mr. Hanwell gave me this bad half-crown and shilling (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the prisoner gave his name at the station, but said "I shan't give my address; I should be very sorry for my friends to find out that I have disgraced myself."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-25" type="surname" value="TILL"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-25" type="given" value="LINDSAY GILES"/>LINDSAY GILES TILL</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, of the Haymarket—on 20th December, about 11.30 p.m., I served the prisoner with a twopenny cigar—he gave me a bad florin—I said "What is this?"—he said "Is not it a good one? I will give you another," and threw down a half-crown—I kept the florin, and said "I shall send for a constable; I do not know your face myself; if you are known I shall lock you up, if not you can go"—I sent a friend for a constable, but before he could get up the prisoner rushed out of the shop, leaving the half-crown there—he had not got the change—I ran out after him, caught him two doors off by his arm, and he struck at me, using foul language, and saying "You shan't take me"—I gave him in charge—he was taken to Marlborough Street Police-court next morning, remanded till the 23rd, and then discharged—this is the bad florin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-26" type="surname" value="HOWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-26" type="given" value="DOUGLAS"/>DOUGLAS HOWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 291). I was called, and took the prisoner; I searched him at the station, and found on him 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in good silver and 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper—Mr. Till gave me this bad florin—the prisoner gave his name, but said "I won't give no address; I don't want my friends to know anything about it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-27" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-27" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. The half-crown, florin, and shilling are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was not aware that the coins were bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-207-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-207-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-207-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He then</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of a like offence in October</hi>, 1879.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-207-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-207-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-207-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-207-18810131 t18810131-207-punishment-1"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18810131-208" type="date" value="18810131"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-208-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-208-18810131 t18810131-208-offence-1 t18810131-208-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-208-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-208-18810131 t18810131-208-offence-1 t18810131-208-verdict-3"/>
<p>208.
<persName id="def1-208-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-208-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-208-18810131" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-208-18810131" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-208-18810131" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES NEWTON</hi> (26)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-208-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-208-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-208-18810131" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-208-18810131" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def2-208-18810131" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WOOD</hi> (26)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-208-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-208-18810131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-208-18810131" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def3-208-18810131" type="surname" value="HILLIER"/>
<interp inst="def3-208-18810131" type="given" value="LAURA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LAURA HILLIER</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-208-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-208-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-208-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSES. CRAWFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-31" type="surname" value="FAYERS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-31" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FAYERS</persName> </hi> I am a chemist, of 586, Old Ford Road, North Bow—on 9th September I sold a powder, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., to a woman; she gave me a bad half-crown—I bent it, returned it to her, and followed her with a friend—she joined Newton, who was on the opposite side—I gave them both in custody on the canal bridge—Newton almost immediately raised his hand, and gave a jerk towards the canal, and said "You are very clever; what can you do now?"—this was near the Midford Arms, about 10.30 p.m.—there was very little gas light—I gave evidence against them at Bow next day; they were remanded till the following Tuesday, and then discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Newton.</hi> I saw your action, but saw nothing leave your hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-32" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-32" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I am a dredger on the Regent's Canal—I dredged near the bridge by the Midford Arms, and found these three half-crowns—I put them in the cabin of the barge—I gave them to Goulding the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310005"/>
<p>day before yesterday, having kept them by themselves all the time—they never left my possession—these are them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-33" type="surname" value="BIRCH"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-33" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BIRCH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 230
<hi rend="italic">KR</hi>). About 15th or 16th September Young showed me some half-crowns which he had found in the canal—I had been to the spot with him the next morning to see if I could find them on the bank.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-34" type="surname" value="BUCKLE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-34" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BUCKLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 402
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). On 9th September I was with Goulding close to the canal bridge, when Mr. Sayers gave Newton in charge with a woman, who gave the name of Shepherd, for passing a bad half-crown at his shop—I took Newton—he said that he knew nothing about it—I think the woman's right name is Austin—I had Newton by his left arm; he put his left hand in his pocket—I released his arm, and as we got to the bridge he threw something into the canal—the parapet was on his left side—some people were round us, so that I could not hear anything fall—that was within 8 or 10 yards of where the three half-crowns were found.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Newton.</hi> After you had thrown the coin away you took out 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and said "What do you think of this?"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-35" type="surname" value="SCOTCHES"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-35" type="given" value="RICHARD GUNNEY"/>RICHARD GUNNEY SCOTCHES</persName> </hi>. I keep the Gunmakers' Arms, Canal Road, Mile End—on 17th October, after midnight of the 16th, two women named Bailey and Carpenter came in, and called for a pint of ale; Newton and another man followed them in—Bailey, I think, tendered a good shilling for the ale, which came to 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and the four drank together—I gave sixpence and threepence change; they then asked for another pint, and paid with a sixpence—another woman then came in, and called for half a quartern of hot rum, and spoke to the others, and drank with them—she tendered a half-crown; I put it in a bowl in the till where we reserve large change, but where there was no other silver—the woman who had the rum left, and Newton and his friend followed, leaving Bailey and Carpenter in the bar—they called for a quartern of rum in a bottle, and tendered a bad half-crown, which I bent, and detained them—I then went to the till, and found that the other half-crown was bad; they were taken before a Magistrate and discharged—Bailey was after
<lb/>wards taken on another charge; I gave evidence, and she was convicted here in November (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 34)—on 7th January, about midnight, Newton came in, and I saw him tender a coin to my wife, who said "This is a bad one"—she doubled it in half, and threw it back—he took it up, and paid with good money—I recognised him, and followed him; I went over the bridge, and gave information, but he got away—my opinion is that he dropped from the bridge on to the towing path.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-36" type="surname" value="SCOTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-36" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH SCOTCHER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—on 7th January, about midnight, I served Newton with half a pint of ale, price 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he tendered a bad sixpence; it bent easily, and was of a dark colour—I bent it not quite double, and gave it back to him, saying, "This is bad"—he said "Is it? somebody must have given it to me, but I cannot tell who; I changed a half-sovereign this morning"—he gave me a good shilling; I gave him the change and he left—my husband was in the taproom, and could see what took place; he went after the prisoner—I had seen Newton there several times before; the last time was in the spring, I think—he was not a regular customer—I have not the slightest doubt he is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Newton.</hi> I did not put the coin in the tester; I never knew a good coin to bend—the taproom door was not shut.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310006"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-37" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-37" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>. I am a draper, of 117, Burdett Road, Mile End—on 10th January, about 9.45 p.m., Newton came in, followed by Hillier, and said "Give her some hairpins"—she said "No, I don't want any hairpins, I want some other pins"—I gave her a halfpenny packet of pins, and she gave me a half-crown; I bit it, put it in the tester, and bent it, so that it would not be possible to be passed again, and laid it on the counter for her to see it—she put down sixpence and went away, without receiving a halfpenny change—she said that they had been snowballing—I am positive of Newton because he had a little spot of blood under his chin—Hillier went to the door, and said "Alice, this is a bad one," but I did not see who she spoke to—Newton had gone out directly, and before she put down the half-crown; he was only there two or three seconds—she said "Go out," and he went out—about half an hour afterwards I went to the Salisbury Arms, and saw Hillier leaning across the bar; Newton was also there—I gave them both in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-38" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-38" type="given" value="JAKE"/>JAKE PAYNE</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Salisbury Arms, Burdett Road, Bow, kept by Mr. Payne, which is half a dozen yards from Mr. Chambers's shop—on 12th January, about 10 o'clock, two women came in, followed by two men—Arnold called for some beer, for which Hillier paid with three pence—the women drank the beer; I did not notice whether the men joined—Wood, who stood by himself, then called for twopennyworth of whisky warm—Newton was sitting down with the women—Wood gave me a bad half-crown, which I put in the tester; Mrs. Payne looked at it, handed it back to me, and I gave it to Mr. Payne—it was only bent a little—Wood said nothing to me, but went over to the others and said "Jack"—they all tried to get out, but Mr. Payne stopped them—he did not think it was bad at first, but I was certain—I never lost sight of it; this is it—Mr. Payne knocked this piece out of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-39" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-39" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PAYNE</persName> </hi>. I keep the Salisbury Arms—on 12th January, shortly after 10 o'clock, I was in the bar opposite the prisoners—the last witness showed me this half-crown; I bounded it on the refrigerator, and thought it was good—Wood was about four feet from me—I tried it in the tester, and broke this piece off—I asked Wood how he accounted for having it in his possession; he said that he took it of a tram conductor—I asked if he had got the rest of the change, but he would not satisfy me—he offered to pay with good money—he refused to give me his name and address—I did not notice the other prisoners—I opened the flap, and Wood ran away; I ran and stopped him at the door—I called "Police!" and Chambers came in and gave the other prisoners in charge—Wood offered resistance on the doorstep, but I took him back and gave him in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Newton.</hi> You all wanted to escape when we only had one constable there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoners were very violent; we got them into the taproom, and shut them in till we got further assistance—it took six con
<lb/>stables to get them to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wood.</hi> You did not say "Let me go and see the conductor"—you struggled very hard to get away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-40" type="surname" value="GOULDING"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GOULDING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 379). On 12th January, about 9.30, I was called to the Salisbury Arms, and Mr. Payne gave Wood into my custody with this half-crown with a piece out of it—Chambers gave me information, in consequence of which I detained the other prisoners—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310007"/>
<p>found three shillings and 6 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on Wood, and one shilling and a half-penny on Newton, all good—Hillier was searched by the female searcher, out only a halfpenny was found on her—Newton laughed, and said that he knew nothing about it—he said at the station "There is only old Saunders on the bench to-morrow, we shall get off"—Mr. Lushington committed him next morning, and remanded the others to Mr. Saunders, who again remanded them for a week, when he then discharged Arnold and committed the others—Newton gave his name as Thomas Shepperd on 9th September—I received the coins from Young, and produce them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Newton.</hi> You were sober enough to be served any
<lb/>where—we had to put you all four into a room to keep you, and the two female prisoners were taken to the station in a cab.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wood.</hi> You were not intoxicated, but you had been drinking—the station is over a mile off.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-41" type="surname" value="VAWCETT"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-41" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN VAWCETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 320). I was called and took Newton; he made a pretence of being obstreperous—I got him to the station with assistance; two of us held him and one walked behind.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-42" type="surname" value="FOOT"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-42" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FOOT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I was called to assist Goulding, Fawcett, and the sergeant—I took the two females in a cab; they said at the station that they were innocent—Arnold gave a false address, and Hillier refused hers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-43" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-43" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad half-crown—these three coins fished out of the canal are bad, and from the same mould, but not from the same mould as the one uttered—I was examined in Bailey's case last November, and saw two half-crowns and a florin, which were all bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Newton in his defence dated that he too* helping to unload four ships at Gray's cement works at the time the money was passed at the Gunmakers' Arms, and was there for a fortnight, and that as to the coin which Hillier passed, he did not know that it was bad. Wood also denied knowing that the coins were bad, and complained of having lost his employment.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEWTON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-208-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-208-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-208-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-208-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-208-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-208-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-208-18810131 t18810131-208-punishment-2"/>Eighteen Months' imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-208-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-208-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-208-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-208-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-208-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-208-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-208-18810131 t18810131-208-punishment-3"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HILLIER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-208-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-208-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-208-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-209">
<interp inst="t18810131-209" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-209" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-209-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-209-18810131 t18810131-209-offence-1 t18810131-209-verdict-1"/>
<p>209.
<persName id="def1-209-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-209-18810131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-209-18810131" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-209-18810131" type="surname" value="HOOKING"/>
<interp inst="def1-209-18810131" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN HOOKING</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-209-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-209-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-209-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a counter
<lb/>feit half-sovereign, having a counterfeit shilling in her possession.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAWFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-45" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-45" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I am a hosier of 14, Hemming's Row, Charing Cross—on 13th January, about 8.45 p.m., I served the prisoner with a gentleman's under shirt, price 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she tendered a bad half-sovereign—I said "This is a bad one"—she said "Is it? a fellow gave it to me outside"—I gave her in custody with the coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-46" type="surname" value="BENBOW"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-46" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BENBOW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 240). The prisoner was given into my charge with this coin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I said "Have you any more money?"—she said "Yes, all I have got is my own," and pulled out a hand
<lb/>kerchief, with three good shillings tied in a corner of it, and two good sixpences—she had a purse in her hand—I asked her if that was all the money she had got—she said "Yes"—I said "Where did you get it from?"—she said "Two young men gave it to me out of St. Martin's Lane; if you go with me I will show them to you"—Hemming's Row goes out of St. Martin's Lane—I went with her to the corner of Hemming's Row and St. Martin's Lane, and asked bar if she could see any one she could point out to me; she said "No, they</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310008"/>
<p>are in a public-house up St. Martin's Lane"—I did not go there; I took her back to the shop, and Mr. Roberts gave her in custody—when she was charged at the station she pulled this shilling from her clothes and gave it to the inspector, saying that the young men gave her that too—it was bad—she was then searched by the female searcher, who found some new silk handkerchiefs but no other coin—she gave a correct address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-47" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-47" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half-sovereign and shilling are bad; they are so light that anybody could see it at once.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> A gentleman took me into a public-house, gave me the bad half-sovereign, and told me to get a flannel shirt. The man told me it was bad, and when I took the policeman there he was gone. The gentleman gave me the shilling to keep for myself and the half-sovereign to pay for the flannel shirt. He came with me from the public-house and showed me the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-209-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-209-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-209-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st; and</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-210">
<interp inst="t18810131-210" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-210" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-210-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-210-18810131 t18810131-210-offence-1 t18810131-210-verdict-1"/>
<p>210.
<persName id="def1-210-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-210-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-210-18810131" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-210-18810131" type="surname" value="GUDGEON"/>
<interp inst="def1-210-18810131" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN OSWALD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JOHN OSWALD GUDGEON</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-210-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-210-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-210-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining a variety of goods from different persons by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSES. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CALVERT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-49" type="surname" value="REEP"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-49" type="given" value="JOHN BOBERTSON"/>JOHN BOBERTSON REEP</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, and am a member of the firm of Reep, Lane, and Co., of 3, Queen Street Place—I am solicitor here for the Munkedals Aktin Bolog Company, of Udlevalla, Sweden, who manufacture wood pulp paper—at the latter part of 1879 these three bills were sent to me by that company, upon which we were instructed to sue the prisoner. (
<hi rend="italic">Alfred Rhodes proved the prisoner's handwriting to these bills and to the various documents as they were produced in the course of the case.</hi>) We recovered judgment on two of these bills on 8th January, 1880, amounting to 575
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; and on 3rd February we recovered on the other for 139
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—we issued a
<hi rend="italic">fi fa</hi> on the goods of the debtor, but did not succeed in getting a farthing—he was living in furnished lodgings—there was a fourth bill for 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—we did not take proceedings upon that, it was no use, the result of our inquiries was not satisfactory.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> The bills were handed to us by Messrs. Lambert—we were originally instructed on the 4th December, 1879, but we did not take proceedings then; we didn't choose to incur the expense of getting parties from Sweden; we thought it was a long-firm case—it was looked on as a bad debt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-50" type="surname" value="GROEGER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-50" type="given" value="GUSTAVE"/>GUSTAVE GROEGER</persName> </hi>. I represent the (Swedish Paper Company—I am chief clerk and foreign correspondent—the correspondence in reference to the orders given by the prisoner came to me—in April, 1879, we got this order from prisoner—the goods were sent—a bill for 85
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was paid 5th August, 1879—the second for 159
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid—none of the subsequent bills were paid—they were given for paper supplied—when the first bill was dishonoured I got this letter, 8th October, 1879—we had at that time parted with paper to the value of 1,100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., of which only 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. had been paid—we got this letter on 4th November, 1879—when the first bill was dishonoured we telegraphed to stop the goods—our</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310009"/>
<p>total loss is about 900
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we thought the prisoner was carrying on a large business—I came to England last month, and saw one ton of our paper at Brown and Co.'s, and 19 tons at the Surrey Commercial Docks, and threet tons at the Globe Wharf—the price of the paper was 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a ton, which was a low price.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There was a letter about 29th April respecting 20 tons per month—I did not in that letter stipulate that on no account would we be behindhand in any one month's delivery—we can't be respon
<lb/>sible for the irregularity of steamers—you were introduced to us by Mr. Herker, of Newcastle, an agent of ours—we didn't place it with you for sale—you said you had orders for them and had sold them—you paid 85
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the first order, and 160
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the second—you paid quarterly—we didn't ship any goods in November—the September goods were shipped in October—the last bill we had from you was 138
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; that has not been paid—there was another for 292
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., at three months, which was dishonoured—we stopped the goods by telegraph—we returned the bill to our agents, not to you—we could not tell where you were—the 10 tons delivered to Messrs. Lamberg in October, 1879, I believe they still have.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-51" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-51" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I was in partnership with a Mr. Brown as wholesale stationers—in November, 1879, we were introduced to the prisoner, and he asked us to make advances on some paper in the Surrey Commercial Docks and Globe Wharf; about 37 tons—he said "I can let you have it at a price, but can't give you the warrants, having got advances from the Globe Company and Levy and Co."—he sold us the paper at 13
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and we paid 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in cash on 28th November, 1879, and two bills for the balance—we paid off the loans, 333
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—in January, 1880, the prisoner brought a warrant for cigarettes and some potted meat—our transaction with the prisoner came altogether to about 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We advanced you about 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to start with—I cannot tell, without the books, whether our first transaction was for 129
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I have no right to the books now—I had principally to do with the banking part of the business; Mr. Brown has the books—about 10th August you asked me to send you some money—you may have offered me this paper at 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 17
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a ton—I was not the buyer, Mr. Brown bought it—on 20th August we received from you a debtor's summons for 302
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and we filed our petition for liquidation after that, not in consequence of it—I came to your office with my father on one occasion to know how much we owed you. (
<hi rend="italic">Letters of 10th and 14th August</hi>, 1880,
<hi rend="italic">read.</hi>) I never promised to go into partnership with you—we never had as much as 600
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of goods from you—you made a most ridiculous claim, and we should have prosecuted you, but Messrs. Williams took it out of our hands—we had goods from you—I gave you cheques for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., they were in exchange for your cheques—I was not present at the meeting of creditors—we did not owe you 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., you owed us money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner attempted to prove for 302
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but his proof was rejected—all the cheques I gave the prisoner were honoured; his last cheque was not, and we stopped the goods—our transactions were from November, 1879, to June, 1880—he owes us 474
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-52" type="surname" value="HERNDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-52" type="given" value="HENRY LAKE"/>HENRY LAKE HERNDALL</persName> </hi>. I am a shipper—in August, 1879, I advanced prisoner 121
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on paper in the docks, and shortly afterwards 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310010"/>
<p>then 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; in all 160
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I was paid off in cash—there were 20 tons of paper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe you were introduced to me by the directors of Globe Wharf—there was a cheque of yours for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for charges—I paid that while you were out of town, and you have since repaid it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I lodged the warrants and gave delivery orders against them—on the 8th October there were 50 kegs of soap, value 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and on the 12th October 30 kegs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-53" type="surname" value="ROTHSCHILD"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-53" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH ROTHSCHILD</persName> </hi>. In January last the prisoner was introduced to us; he said he was a merchant and shipper, 21, Great Winchester Street—he bought cigars to 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., which he paid in cash—then he said "I can do an extensive trade, I have two travellers"—afterwards he had goods to 22
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but did not pay—we afterwards got these letters from him, and he said "Two partners are to join me"—we sued him, and in answer to the Judge's summons he said he was living on his friends and had no means—this was early in August last.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You were introduced to me by Mr. Kisby, supposed to be a solicitor—he gave you no character—he said we were to act on our own responsibility.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-54" type="surname" value="PRESTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-54" type="given" value="PERCY"/>PERCY PRESTON</persName> </hi>. I am a manufacturing stationer—in August, 1880, the prisoner sent a post-board or letter to us asking that our traveller should call, and he did so, and took samples—we afterwards got this letter (
<hi rend="italic">Letter dated August</hi> 10, 1880,
<hi rend="italic">read</hi>)—I believed the prisoner was a merchant, and that the goods were to be shipped—we supplied goods to the amount of 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Letter from prisoner to witness stating</hi>: "Goods must be at the wharf by Tuesday")—we had directions as to the marks to be put on the cases—we sent them early in September to the Globe Wharf, and drew this bill, which was dishonoured (
<hi rend="italic">Letters from prisoner to witness of September</hi> 27,
<hi rend="italic">containing the list of goods he proposed to purchase, and of September</hi> 28,
<hi rend="italic">giving four references, were read</hi>)—we got three answers, but before that we received these letters (
<hi rend="italic">Letters from prisoner to witness of October</hi> 6, 11, 11)—he had samples to send abroad to sell the bulk from—I believed the prisoner had correspondents abroad and wanted the goods for shipping as a legitimate merchant—when I called about the dishonoured bill, the prisoner said he had shipped the goods to New York, which I knew to be untrue—I then applied for a warrant on the 6th November.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot produce the post-card or letter, possibly it was mislaid—I had a traveller named Johnson, unfortunately—it was the duty of my travellers to call on merchants to solicit orders—it was not in that way that you were called upon—your bill of the 27th Nov. was presented twice and not paid—I took out the warrant about 11 o'clock in the morning—that was not before the bill was due—I acted under the advice of my solicitor—I didn't offer you four months' credit, nor did my traveller—I didn't ask you for any references on the first occasion—you cancelled your second order—I shouldn't have executed it if you had not done so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I produce press copies of the original invoices—the goods were packed in tin cases for export—I believed that I was dealing with an export merchant—before the 6th November I received informa
<lb/>tion about the prisoner, and I called and saw him—he said that lie had not forgotten that the bill was due, but if I would hold it over till Monday it should be paid—when I went on the Monday the door was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310011"/>
<p>closed, and I think there was a notice on it that he had gone to Tun
<lb/>ridge "Wells—I saw at Dyson's samples of the goods we had supplied—I believe that was after I had the warrant.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-55" type="surname" value="SLADE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-55" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT SLADE</persName> </hi>. I was a licensed victualler, and bought cigarettes of the prisoner—I got this letter from him (
<hi rend="italic">Letter of October</hi> 23, 1880,
<hi rend="italic">offering pocket-books, &c., value</hi> 42
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">for</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">read</hi>)—afterwards he asked me to advance money on goods of which he sent a list—I declined.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I never saw the goods—you asked me to lend you 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on them—I rather think it was blacking—I have not got the letter—I tore it up in front of your clerk—I knew you as a customer, not as a merchant.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-56" type="surname" value="DYSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-56" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY DYSON</persName> </hi>. I am a shipper and bill discounter—before the 10th September last the prisoner came to me with an invoice of pocket-books, value 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and asked me to make an advance and then ship them—I declined, the amount being so small—on the 10th September I did make him an advance on these invoices—I gave him 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and he gave this receipt (
<hi rend="italic">Letter of September</hi> 6, 1880,
<hi rend="italic">from Mr. Towse to prisoner, read</hi>)—prisoner showed me this letter, and on that I advanced the money (
<hi rend="italic">Letter of November</hi> 6,
<hi rend="italic">from Mr. Towse to prisoner read</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a Cape and Australian shipper—I am not a money lender; I am a bill discounter—I didn't know you as a merchant; I knew you as a colliery owner, as vaughan and Gudgeon—on the 10th September you called on me, and I advanced you 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., as you said you were pressed for money to pay the fees.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-57" type="surname" value="SCOTCHES"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-57" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SCOTCHES</persName> </hi>. I am a manufacturer of soap—on 25th August my traveller brought me this card, an ordinary business card; I after
<lb/>wards got an order from the prisoner for 2 cwt. of soap, coming to 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; I afterwards called; he said, "I do a very large trade, I have agents all over the world;" he asked for special terms for shipment; I gave him 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. per ton less 5 per cent.—I afterwards got this order of 25th Sep
<lb/>tember, 1880, and this memorandum of 30th September or 1st October—I said, "Who are the customers?"—he refused to name them—I delivered 50 casks and afterwards 30; I got this acceptance for 47
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., which has been dishonoured—the prisoner showed me a letter from, Buenos Ayres—afterwards, in November, I saw him and said, "I find the goods are not shipped; they are sold to Herndall"—he said, "They are not sold; Herndall will ship them, and I must wait three months for my money"—I went back to Herndall and to the prisoner again, and said, "Herndall says he paid cash"—he said, "Let it stand over a few days"—on 6th November the prisoner made an appointment for the 8th, but I never saw him till he was in custody—he told me he had put 12 of the sample tins, and that no one would see them; I told him it was a long firm transaction—I believed the goods had been really shipped till I found out the contrary—he mentioned that he had a customer for 7,000 casks of soap, but would not give me the name, and he gave me an order for 50 casks as a sample for that firm; he said he had not sufficient capital to buy the material; he said he would meet the bill first, his brother-in-law would let him have the money, that he was in Frederick Huth's, that he was dining with him that night, and I should have it in the morning—he then said his brother-in-law was out of town for a few days, but he must have the order for Buenos Ayres—he said, "Why not get the material on credit? If they will take bills I will</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310012"/>
<p>accept them;" I declined—he gave me a bill, but my; bankers would not discount it—he never gave me any money except 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for the first 2 cwt.—I parted with my goods because I believed he had large shipping transactions, that he had actual customers, and that it was a regular business.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not introduce myself to you when I called as Detective Lawley—my traveller gave me the order for the 2 cwt. of soap; I was paid for that, after making several applications—you told me that your father had lent you 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to start in business, and you had lost 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by the bankruptcy of Brown and Young.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-58" type="surname" value="HERNDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-58" type="given" value="HENRY LAKE"/>HENRY LAKE HERNDALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). These cheques are for advances on soap, 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he gave me this delivery order—afterwards I advanced 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on more soap—I am an Australian shipper in all goods—I got the delivery orders before I paid the money; it was an absolute sale, not an advance on consignment—I bought the goods per keg, not by weight—I never dreamt of sending them to Australia—Scotcher afterwards came and told me that the prisoner had said that only a small sum had been advanced—in March I advanced 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on cigarettes in bond, which was repaid in April—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are the documents I refer to—I never gave the prisoner a bill and receipt of the soap.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot find the receipt for the first 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I deducted 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for charges that I had to pay—I have the invoice for the 30 kegs, I have lost the one for the 50—I called once at your office to ask what was the matter between you and Scotcher—you sent in the blacking to cover the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and it is there now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-59" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-59" type="given" value="FOSTER"/>FOSTER BROWN</persName> </hi>. I was partner with Mr. Young—in October, 1879, we dealt with the prisoner for paper, about 37 tons; it is nearly all sold, some as low as 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; we paid the prisoner for some 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and the lowest price was 13
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—we failed last August, and the prisoner proved for 302
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but the claim was struck out—we paid 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the pound—we failed because my partner bought largely of the prisoner with the partnership funds—every creditor without exception assented to the composition—I objected to the prisoner's proof, because the transaction had been without my knowledge with Percy Young, also that Young had paid him the full amount, and no debt was due to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Our transactions with you amounted to about 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we have lost on some, not on all—the highest price I paid per ton was 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and I paid the wharf charges in addition.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-60" type="surname" value="TOWSE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-60" type="given" value="JOHN BECKWITH"/>JOHN BECKWITH TOWSE</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to the Plumbers' Company—I wrote this letter to the prisoner; he never paid me the 17
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. referred to in it—I also wrote this other letter to him for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. due by him to the Company—they have never been paid.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You are a member of the Plumbers' Company, and I believe have been so about ten years—I thought you were a merchant and shipper—I always thought you respectable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I knew nothing of the way in which you conducted your trade—the dinner was to have been given on November 16th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-61" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-61" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ANDERSON</persName> </hi>. Somebody named the prisoner to me, and I called and got an order—he gave me a card—I have got the first order from Mr. Scotcher, and also the order for blacking from Mr. Booth.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You told me you thought there could be trade done with the blacking, and I said you had better send me some—I had no</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310013"/>
<p>written order—I had no references—I thought you did business with him—it was on Scotcher's representation, that he believed you were doing a very large and genuine business.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-62" type="surname" value="DANES"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-62" type="given" value="THOMAS RICHARD"/>THOMAS RICHARD DANES</persName> </hi>. I am a maker of blacking and varnish—I sent these goods to the prisoner, 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and afterwards goods to the amount of 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to be paid for in a month—I have had no money—the order came through our traveller.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-63" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-63" type="given" value="ALFRED SWAINE"/>ALFRED SWAINE TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am secretary to the Merchants and Shippers' Wharfage Company—goods came there in the name of the prisoner, paper and 80 kegs of soap transferred to Herndall—none of the goods have been shipped—three tons of paper are left—I never offered our Company as references for him—we were applied to, and I wrote this letter—I called on the prisoner in order to get his is consignments—we made advances, which were afterwards repaid—these three bills were given by the prisoner for advances—the delivery orders for paper were for delivery to well-known houses in the trade—the advances were on 26 tons of paper—64 rolls were delivered on the 11th to Boutland's van, 15 bales on tie 18th July to Brown, Young, and Co., and 270 rolls on the same day to the same firm—the prisoner paid part of the advances as the goods were taken away—the balance was paid by Brown, Young, and Co.—I believe about three tons were left—for the first part we had a delivery order on the Surrey Commercial Dock, and bills of lading for the second parcel—I should say it is not usual for a wharfinger to make advances on goods marked for shipment—none of the goods that I advanced money on were marked for shipment—they were imported for consumption.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You have repaid all our advances, about 215
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—you paid the charges through Brown, Young, and Co.—your account with us was a fair account, a small one—I became acquainted with you through seeing your name in the shipping lists.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Our advances were always secured by the paper—we were repaid as the paper was delivered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-64" type="surname" value="ORCHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-64" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ORCHARD</persName> </hi>. I am an engineer—I wrote this reply to an inquiry as to the prisoner's position—he was my tenant in Great Winchester Street at 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year at first, afterwards at 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for a smaller room—he paid some instalments, but he left owing 87
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he carried on busi
<lb/>ness with a Captain Gordon—he showed me a telegram from his partner summoning him home about important business at Cyprus, saying Sir Garnet Wolseley had offered him the post of Assistant Commissioner in Cyprus—this was in December, 1878—when Gordon went to Cyprus the prisoner carried on the business in his own name; afterwards he spoke of taking partners having 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each—he showed me correspondence as to business transactions on which he was to make a large profit—I believe the prisoner was clerk to Gordon and Co.—I know that Gordon went to Cyprus; he owed me some money—he was never a partner of the prisoner—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the receipt for the prisoner's last payment but one of rent—he paid altogether 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he was there a year and a half; he owes me 87
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. now—this is my letter; it was found on him by the police (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th September</hi>, 1880,
<hi rend="italic">enclosing account for</hi> 87
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and stated that unless a large portion of the amount was paid he would be locked out</hi>)—during the time he was my tenant an execution was put in, and I had to claim the goods; that was about a year ago.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310014"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I first knew you in December, 1878—I don't know how long you were with W. H. Gordon and Co.—I knew you there as manager—on 1st January, 1879, you took the office in your own name when Mr. Gordon was appointed by Sir Garnet Wolseley as a commis
<lb/>sioner at Cyprus—I saw in the paper that Mr. Gordon was over here last July, and was presented at Court—you showed me a letter from a Mr. Hancock about his becoming a partner with you, and I understood you to say it was almost settled—I know you had some correspondent in Warsaw, and that you shipped goods to Stet tin—I remember the Anton running aground—I don't know whether your telegrams were addressed "Gudgeon, London"—that is a usual thing; you only have to register your name—you told me there was to be a partnership between Mr. Young and yourself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-65" type="surname" value="BAIRD"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-65" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BAIRD</persName> </hi>. I am ledger keeper to the Surrey Commercial Dock Co.—four parcels of paper, 19 tons, were deposited with us on 10th May, 1879, and on 21st 32 tons, to the order of the prisoner—we issued warrants on 18th June—the last parcel was transferred to Levy on 22nd August—we have the 19 left—the third lot was transferred to Herndall—the paper was delivered to different purchasers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The first two lots were delivered to Mr. Taylor, and the third to Mr. Herndall, none to Hunt and Sons—the marks on the packages were OG/Z—the bills of lading were always in your name, and the freights were lodged in your name—we still have 20 tons lying to the order of Crabb and Co.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-66" type="surname" value="FRYMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-66" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FRYMAN</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Tidaine, a merchant and com
<lb/>mission agent—the prisoner offered us paper in June, 1879; we bought in August—the paper was at Globe Wharf, Surrey Dock—we sent this letter to the prisoner of 15th August, 1879, also one of the 28th—the prisoner wanted us to get a buyer at 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. but we could not get an offer at that price—on 28th August we wrote this letter (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>)—we had bought at that price on 28th August, and paid on 3rd September—on 6th September we bought two tons, on 11th September 16 tons, at 10 guineas a ton—on 23rd September I wrote a letter to the prisoner as to five more tons; nothing came of that—I also wrote this letter of 23rd October, 1879—after this the prisoner often asked us if we could place more paper for him; he asked about 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we told him we could not get that price; we never bought until we had a customer—we paid no freight or charges; we always had five per cent, discount—the prices we bought at were the best that could be obtained at that time—we sold at 11
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—what we sold it for the prisoner declined for some time to do at the price we offered—the paper sent was samples—this letter of 5th September, 1879, refers to a third sale of 200 reams at 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per ton; five per cent, was deducted—I gave him a cheque for 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on 5th September on Martin's, the bankers, for 187 reams; also on 8th September a cheque for 24
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and on 16th September 156
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. through Herndall.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You asked 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 17
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. per ton for the paper—we told you it was unsaleable on account of its weight and size.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> We knew that the paper was offered at a less price than at the mill in Sweden.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-67" type="surname" value="LAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-67" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK LAWLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). I have only known the prisoner for the last two months; I knew nothing of him till the warrant was placed in my hands to be executed on 6th November last—I went to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310015"/>
<p>the office daily for about ten days, but never found it open or any one there—I made inquiries in various parts of London, and on 22nd November, about 7 in the evening, I was in company with Halse, another officer, and saw the prisoner come from the Star and Garter Hotel, Anerley Road, Norwood—I went up to him and said "Your name is Oswald Gudgeon; I am a detective sergeant of the City Police, and I hold a warrant for your apprehension—he said "All right"—he requested me to read the warrant; I did so, and he said "All right"—I said "We have been looking for you for the last fortnight"—he said "Yes, I am sorry I did not come and face it out"—he then said "Who is going to appear for the prosecution?"—I said "Mr. St. John Wontner"—he said "On, I don't care about him; I have beaten him before, and will again"—I said "There will be in addition to the warrant the soft soap case, the potted meat case, the blacking case, and various others" (the warrant referred only to Speller and Preston's case, the pocket-books)—he said "Oh, there is nothing that I care about in them; they are simply matters of debt"—he was taken to Moor Lane Station—he there asked the inspector to read the warrant to him again—it was read again, and he made no reply—I found nothing material upon him—I subsequently went to the office at 21, Winchester Street in company with Halse and Rhodes, and brought away certain papers, among them some letters from the Swedish Company—there is an immense mass of correspondence; I have gone through the whole of them—I subsequently went to Mr. Ackers, of Horton road, Hackney, and received a large quantity of letters, books, and other things, which had been taken from the prisoner's office—I produce a list of the things found at the office; I nave not found any trace of moneys owing to the prisoner in respect of any goods—I found no day-book; I found a great number of unpaid bills—the price-book was given to me by Mr. Ackers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I found no letter on you from Mr. Holden—I fol
<lb/>lowed him down to Anerley; you came out of the hotel to him, and I then arrested you—I didn't tell you that Mr. Wontner was getting it up for you this time—I went several times to your office—at last I got the key from Rhodes—everything that I found is in Court—I found no trace of a shipping business—the office was in the greatest state of confusion—I did not find about 100 shipping cards—I didn't find a single such card—there were plenty of newspapers in which you had inserted advertise
<lb/>ments, which were never paid for—I called on Mr. Scotcher on account of an anonymous letter from Rhodes—I didn't tell Mr. Scotcher that he had no remedy against you except as a matter of debt—I heard that you went to Mr. Wontner's office to ask him not to take out the warrant—I have not done my best to keep your friends from you—the potted meat case and the electro case have not been proceeded with on account of the public prosecutor refusing to take up those cases—it was not because you had paid them; you have not paid them a farthing, so they say—you did as you have generally done, paid a small amount at first—I got this information from inquiries I made, extending over about two months.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-68" type="surname" value="SCOTCHES"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-68" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SCOTCHES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the bill for 47
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., dated the 15th October, at three months; it was due on the 18th of January—I got these two receipts of the 8th and 12th October, amounting to 330
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., from Globe Wharf—they are the receipts for the re
<lb/>moral</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310016"/>
<p>of the goods I sent—I received this telegram from the prisoner on the 12th October: "Have the goods gone down yet? Come up here as soon as possible. Have done good shipping orders to Buenos Ayres and Dantzic."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-69" type="surname" value="GROEGER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-69" type="given" value="GUSTAVE"/>GUSTAVE GROEGER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I never sent any goods to the prisoner except those made strictly to his order—the prices were the same we charge to others—this was not writing paper, but brown and packing paper—we did not supply any other firm with paper of that size and weight.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-70" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-70" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL TURNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector T</hi>). On 9th January, 1878, I was acting in reference to charges respecting Horn and Shuttleworth—I took the prisoner into custody on a warrant on that day at 21, Winchester Street—it was my duty to make inquiry as to whether he had been carrying on any business; the last apparently genuine trade was in Victoria Street—there was no trade for the last three or four years—I was present when he was tried before the Recorder with Horn and Shuttleworth—the Jury did not agree as to the prisoner—Gordon had taken their room about a fortnight before the prisoner's apprehension; the prisoner said he was managing clerk, confidential agent, &c.; he asked me to lend him a few pence to bring him away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had been watching your movements for some time prior to your arrest—I know that you, Horn, and Shuttleworth were companions—Shuttleworth and you were living in the same house; you were turned out of one house and took another—it was proved at the last trial that you knew Horn; you took me yourself to Horn's residence when I was making inquiry about him—nine months prior to your arrest you were with Shuttleworth at 51, Bishopsgate Street—in Queen Victoria Street you had two rooms well furnished, but the landlord could not get his rent, and the bailiffs were in; the agent told me so—the furniture of the office would have cost you 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., if you had paid for it—I saw you at Shuttleworth's office at Ludgate Hill two or three times at the commence
<lb/>ment of December; you went there to fetch letters—you had only been at 21, Winchester Street 10 days prior to your arrest, and when I found you there were three of you enjoying yourselves with a pot of ale and long pipes—I read the warrant to you; the Baron, or whoever he was, tried to frighten me—Captain Gordon threatened me, and ultimately you came downstairs, and I took you into custody, and you tried to borrow some coppers of me, but you did not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-71" type="surname" value="STACET"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-71" type="given" value="HENRY ALFRED"/>HENRY ALFRED STACET</persName> </hi>. I am Superintendent of Records in the London Bankruptcy Court—I produce a file of proceedings in the bankruptcy of Oswald Gudgeon—it was a creditor's petition, filed on 19th January, 1877, adjudicated on 12th March, 1877—his own statement of affairs shows in
<lb/>debtedness 9,848
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 0
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>—the disclosed assets were 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., consisting of estimated commissions; nothing was realised, and the bankruptcy was closed on the 5th December, 1878—he had no discharge—I produce two other files against Bourne and Gudgeon; the first was dismissed; the second went to a discharge—that was in 1873.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Your liabilities then were 257
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the joint estate of Bourne and Gudgeon was 4,060
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the creditors in that matter were in different parts of the world.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-72" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-72" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY HUMPHREYS</persName> </hi>. Between August, 1879, and August, 1880, I was a cashier in the Continental Bank; this is the prisoner's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310017"/>
<p>pass-book in that bank—I produce an extract from the rough daily cash
<lb/>book—I find that the only cheque of Tidaine is for 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on Martin and Co.—there are cheques of Mr. Percy Young on Martin for 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The Dank was formerly Hartland and Co.—I was with them—you had a small account with them in 1872.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-73" type="surname" value="RHODES"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-73" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED RHODES</persName> </hi>. I was clerk to the defendant in July, August, and September last year—from what came under my notice I gave informa
<lb/>tion to the police—during the latter part of the time people were calling asking for money; it became a regular nuisance, and some of them told me that I was as big a thief as my master; one in particular who travelled for Gordon's brewery in the Caledonian Road—he said he had called a great many times at the house, and was told to go to the office, and when he came there I always had some excuse—there was no day-book kept to my knowledge, nor any genuine trade carried on—I never saw any ledger in which accounts were kept of money owing to the firm—the prisoner did most of the letter writing himself; there was no book-keeping that I knew of—I did not send out copies of advertisements.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had no particular engagement any more than to come to the office; it was only a temporary arrangement; all you wanted was to have the office kept open when people called—I had been out of work about two months previous to coming to you—I was not discharged; I got sick and tired of it—I took one tin of soap that you gave me, and one bottle of blacking, which you said I could have—I never took any stamps; there were none to take—I went to the police in self-justification, to prove that I was not mixed up in it—I went to Mr. Scotcher, not about you, but because he promised me a job—for the last four weeks I could not get a penny from you—there was some correspondence between you and a Mr. Garvey about the sale of a slate quarry, but it fell through—I remember Mr. Young and his father coming to the office once—at first I was going daily between Mr. Young's office and yours, and I suggested a penny omnibus should run—you said there was to be a partnership between you, and that you had been about an office in Guildhall Chambers—I remember a notice coming in which you were scheduled as a debtor for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—when you left the office there were about a dozen shipping cards there; the agents go round leaving them at all the offices—there were no Customs bills of entry, except one, for that week, and one for 12 months' subscription—the
<hi rend="italic">Public Ledger</hi> gentleman used to call once a month for his money, but he never got it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-74" type="surname" value="MUMFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-74" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MUMFORD</persName> </hi>. I am manager of Globe Wharf, Wapping—we had an order for soft soap, endorsed for delivery by Mr. Herndall; there were also some pocket-books from Speller, Preston, and Co.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known you about 18 months—I went once with you to Mr. Herndall; I did not know him; he was merely mentioned to me as a person who advanced money, and you wanted an advance on the paper—I asked you to let me have the warehousing of goods imported by you—I saw your name in the Customs Registry as an importer of goods—I have received imported goods from you, not for export; five cases were sent by Herndall, and those were taken away again on their order.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-75" type="surname" value="TITFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-75" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR TITFORD</persName> </hi>. I am in the employment of Messrs, Speller, Preston, and Henry—I saw the prisoner with referent to the transactions that have been spoken of; he told aw he was shipping them to America; they</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310018"/>
<p>were goods adapted for the American market, some of them specially made for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not call on you in the ordinary way of business; I called in reply to a letter from you; I am almost sure it was a post
<lb/>card—I did not ask you for a reference—Johnson, our traveller, left about six months ago; it is quite possible he may have called on you to solicit orders.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The following witnesses were called for the defence</hi>:—</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-76" type="surname" value="POTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-76" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK POTTER</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Williamson's, of Farringdon Road, jet ornament manufacturers; I reside with my father in Essex—I was for
<lb/>merly three months in your office—I remember a correspondent of yours named Brunner, of Warsaw; you received some orders from him for goods; you went to Colley and Joyce for samples, and sent them to Brunner, and received orders in return; on account of those orders you dispatched a vessel called the Rival with 250 tons of goods to go to Warsaw—I remember a Mr. Hancock calling at the office; I only saw him once; I believe he agreed to join you in the business—I have always known you as a merchant—the navigation was closed while I was with you; you told me that the goods could not be shipped to Brunner on account of the ice—I saw in the office your credentials as Consul-General of Siberia—I believe I have seen Mr. Williams at the office almost daily; I don't know his object in coming—you had correspondents in several parts of Europe; I remember about three.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was with the prisoner from January, 1879, until Easter—I went in answer to an advertisement—I did not want any salary; I went to learn business; the prisoner said he would give me 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year; I had just returned from France, where I had been educated; this was my first situation; I knew nothing of the exportation of goods before—I saw no ledger or day book there—I never went to a ship's side to get a mate's receipt for goods; all I had to do was to put down the names of persons who called—I was then just on 18—I don't know of any money being paid for the goods sent to Brunner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I believe Hanley and Williams attended to your shipping business; I was not supposed to attend to that—you paid me a salary, though I did not require it—everything in the office went on satisfactorily—I was not aware what the persons came for; they never expressed their business to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-77" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-77" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>SIDNEY WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I was formerly in partnership with Mr. Hanley as ship and insurance broker—I remember the firm of Gordon and Co.; they were highly respectable persons; in 1878 you were their managing foreign correspondent—I remember Mr. Gordon going to Cyprus; just previous to that you were in Hamburg—I culled at the office frequently, almost daily—I can't say whether there was anything but genuine business transacted there—you professed to be a merchant and shipper; I can't say what you were—I chartered a vessel called the Anton for Gordon and Co.; I believe she got on the bar; she carried about 90 tons of Gordon's goods from Newcastle to Stettin; the second cargo was by the S. A. Sadler, consisting of about 150 tons; another one was the Rival, with 250 tons from Newcastle to Mr. Brunner, of Warsaw—I believe somebody else financed it; I had only to do with the chartering of the vessels; I had a cheque to pay the freight, but not from you—I never had a cheque for 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from Mr. Vorst; I had one for 83
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310019"/>
<p>was not your cheque—I gave you an introduction to Mr. Reid, the Belgian Consul at Newcastle—I may have described you to him as a merchant and shipper, and requested him to render you every service in his power—I know nothing of a transaction with Johnson and Ramsay, except from this letter of 28th May, 1879—I know that the freight was paid—I can't say about the goods—you showed me a number of docu
<lb/>ments.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have dissolved partnership since this—I carried on business with Mr. Hanley two years as ship and insurance brokers—the transactions were in William Henry Gordon's time, and one after Mr. Gordon left—I did not treat the prisoner as a partner in that firm—I knew he was a clerk there—the sole goods I shipped were two with regard to Gordon and one with regard to himself, about May or June, 1879—he gave me 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we advanced him 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he paid the expenses of my partner to Newcastle—he owed us in all about 39
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., of which we only got 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the sole business we did with the prisoner was in reference to the Swedish Paper Company—we took out sea policies on it, paid some cheques, and 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. freight—we sent him this letter of 4th July, 1879, asking for a settlement—this other letter of 23rd September was written to him by my partner—we had previously summoned him for the balance, and this letter withdrawing the summons was written in the hope of getting paid, but it had no effect.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-78" type="surname" value="WONTNER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-78" type="given" value="JOHN"/>ST. JOHN WONTNER</persName> </hi>. I am the solicitor conducting this prosecution—I cannot tell without my diary when I was first called upon by Messrs. Speller, Preston, and Henry—I have not got my diary here—I had no notice that I should be required to give evidence—you called at my office and sent in your card—I cannot say the date—I did not see you—I advised Mr. Preston generally on this matter—he took out the warrant under my advice, I believe on 6th November—I don't think he showed me the bill that had been dishnoured; I am not sure—he informed me that he had called upon you that morning and presented it, and that you had not honoured it—I am not aware that it is necessary to present a bill more than once—I stated that I believed you would not appear to a summons—I stated that from my previous knowledge of you—I knew that the police had been looking for you, and that you were keeping out of the way—I informed Mr. Speller that as there were a large number of persons defrauded, amongst others persons abroad, I thought it was a case the Public Prosecutor might take up—the Alderman, agreed with me, and I represented the case to the Public Prosecutor, but he refused, and the Alderman said as the Public Prosecutor did not interfere, we could not call on the City Solicitor to do so—after that I forwarded the depositions to the Public Prosecutor, but he again refused, and said he thought the parties quite competent to prosecute for themselves; it was not on the ground that the case was a City case, in fact it was not a City case, all the persons lived out of the City, only your offices were in the City—I know nothing of your affairs since you were prosecuted here in January, 1878—other cases against you have not been brought for
<lb/>ward because the various persons defrauded expressed their intention of not wasting their time and further money; they were willing to come forward if the public authorities prosecuted, but they were not willing to spend more money over you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> On the prosecution against the prisoners Shuttleworth</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310020"/>
<p>and Horn I prosecuted on behalf of the Home Office—the prisoner then defended himself, and as to him the Jury were discharged without a verdict—as I acted for the Home Office then, and these frauds were exactly of a similar character, I thought probably the Public Prosecutor would undertake it; the expense to a private prosecutor is very con
<lb/>siderable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in a very long address commented upon the various portions of the evidence, and contended that there was no proof of any fraudulent intention on his part, but that the transactions were of an ordinary business
<lb/>like character, that his connections were very extensive in various parts of the Continent, and that it was not till Brunner refused to receive the last portion of goods consigned to him that any difficulties arose.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-210-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-210-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-210-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-210-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-210-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-210-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-210-18810131 t18810131-210-punishment-4"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-211">
<interp inst="t18810131-211" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-211" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-211-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-211-18810131 t18810131-211-offence-1 t18810131-211-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-211-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-211-18810131 t18810131-211-offence-2 t18810131-211-verdict-1"/>
<p>211.
<persName id="def1-211-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-211-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-211-18810131" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-211-18810131" type="surname" value="COPPING"/>
<interp inst="def1-211-18810131" type="given" value="FREDERICK FEANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK FEANCIS COPPING</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-211-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-211-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-211-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an endorsement to an order for the payment of money, with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t18810131-211-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-211-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-211-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> embezzling 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., received on account of
<persName id="t18810131-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-80" type="surname" value="MILLAR"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-80" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-211-offence-2 t18810131-name-80"/>Richard Millar</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-211-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-211-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-211-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-212">
<interp inst="t18810131-212" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-212" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-212-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-212-18810131 t18810131-212-offence-1 t18810131-212-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-212-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-212-18810131 t18810131-212-offence-1 t18810131-212-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-212-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-212-18810131 t18810131-212-offence-1 t18810131-212-verdict-1"/>
<p>212.
<persName id="def1-212-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-212-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-212-18810131" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-212-18810131" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-212-18810131" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT WALTERS</hi> (20)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-212-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-212-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-212-18810131" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-212-18810131" type="surname" value="BRICKETT"/>
<interp inst="def2-212-18810131" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL BRICKETT</hi> (34)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-212-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-212-18810131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-212-18810131" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def3-212-18810131" type="surname" value="BRICKETT"/>
<interp inst="def3-212-18810131" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE BRICKETT</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-212-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-212-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-212-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing and receiving 329 pairs of boots of
<persName id="t18810131-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-84" type="surname" value="LEAR"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-84" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-212-offence-1 t18810131-name-84"/>John Lear</persName>, to which they</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-212-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-212-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-212-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-212-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-212-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-212-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-212-18810131 t18810131-212-punishment-5"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-212-18810131 t18810131-212-punishment-5"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-212-18810131 t18810131-212-punishment-5"/>To enter into recognisances to come up for judgment when called upon.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-213">
<interp inst="t18810131-213" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-213" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-213-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-213-18810131 t18810131-213-offence-1 t18810131-213-verdict-1"/>
<p>213.
<persName id="def1-213-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-213-18810131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-213-18810131" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-213-18810131" type="surname" value="FARMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-213-18810131" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE FARMER</hi> (21)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-213-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-213-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-213-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18810131-213-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-213-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-213-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>unlawfully abandoning and exposing her child, whereby its life was endangered.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-213-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-213-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-213-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-213-18810131 t18810131-213-punishment-6"/>Four Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-214">
<interp inst="t18810131-214" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-214" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-214-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-214-18810131 t18810131-214-offence-1 t18810131-214-verdict-1"/>
<p>214.
<persName id="def1-214-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-214-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-214-18810131" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-214-18810131" type="surname" value="FURNESS"/>
<interp inst="def1-214-18810131" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES FURNESS</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-214-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-214-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-214-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HEWICK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-87" type="surname" value="PRETTY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-87" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT PRETTY</persName> </hi>. I live with my father at 8, Ashfield Place, a cork cutter—I am 12 years old—on 5th January I saw the prisoner and a stouter
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> at the corner of Patterson Street—the prisoner said "
<hi rend="italic">Tommy</hi>, run over to that public-house and get me half an ounce of tobacco," pointing to the Fountain public-house—he gave me a shilling, which I gave to the landlord, who came out with me, and asked the prisoner what he meant by giving me the shilling—he said that he did not—the stout
<hi rend="italic">chap</hi> was then farther up the street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You are the man who sent me in there is no lamp there—you did not wait in the same place—I could see that it was a shilling you gave me—I did not know you before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-88" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-88" type="given" value="ARTHUR JAMES"/>ARTHUR JAMES HAMMOND</persName> </hi>. I keep the Fountain, Jamaica Street, Stepney—on 5th January, a little after 6, Pretty came in for half an ounce of tobacco, and gave me a bad shilling; he said something, and then went out at the front door, and I at the side door—I saw the prisoner at the corner of Oxford Street, about 30 yards from my house, with another man—I said to the prisoner "What do you mean by living</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310021"/>
<p>this boy a bad shilling?"—he said "I did not give the boy a shilling; I hare never seen the boy"—I gate him in charge—he was violent and threw me down—the other man made off—this is the shilling.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The other man was close to you, and started off as hard as he could run.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-89" type="surname" value="DIXON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-89" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DIXON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 364). I followed Pretty—I was in uniform—I asked the prisoner if he sent the boy into the public-house with the shilling—he said that he had not seen him before, but the boy said in his presence that he was sure he was the man—he did not hesitate—Mr. Hammond went into his house to get his coat, and the prisoner looked round—I said "What are you looking at?"—he said "I am looking for my mate, "but I saw nobody—he gave a desperate struggle and tried to get away—Mr. Hammond came to my assistance, and the prisoner pulled us both down—I took him to the station, searched him, and found this other bad shilling in his left boot—he had no pockets.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-90" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-90" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are both bad—I cannot say whether they are from the same mould, as they are made of lead, and are very much knocked about.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I know nothing about it. I do not know how it came into my possession. I never saw the boy."
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-214-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-214-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-214-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-214-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-214-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-214-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-214-18810131 t18810131-214-punishment-7"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-215">
<interp inst="t18810131-215" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-215" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-215-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-215-18810131 t18810131-215-offence-1 t18810131-215-verdict-1"/>
<p>215.
<persName id="def1-215-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-215-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-215-18810131" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-215-18810131" type="surname" value="BIDDELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-215-18810131" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS BIDDELL</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-215-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-215-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-215-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HEWICK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-92" type="surname" value="KENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-92" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY KENNETT</persName> </hi>. I keep the White Swan, Clerkenwell—on 23rd November, between 7 and 8 o'clock, I saw my barmaid serve the prisoner—he put down a sixpence; she tested it on a piece of slate and showed it to me—I broke it in halves—it was produced at the police-court—I said "Have you got any more like this?"—he said "I don't know"—I said "Where did you get it?"—he said "I don't know"—I said "Where do you live?"—he said "I am a travelling jeweller, of Goswell Street"—I said "Where did you sleep last night?"—he said "I don't knew"—I said "I shall want to know"—he ran out; I ran after him, brought him back, and gave him In custody—he was remanded for a week, and then discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-93" type="surname" value="NUTLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-93" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE NUTLEY</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the White Swan—the prisoner gave me this sixpence; I said "This is not good"—he said "It not it?" and gave me a good one—I gave it to Mr. Kennett.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-94" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-94" type="given" value="TERENCE"/>TERENCE WALTERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 882). I took the prisoner, and said "Do you know where you got this counterfeit sixpence from?"—he said "I do not"—Mr. Kennett gave me two halves of a sixpenee, Which I produced at the police-court—I accidentally lost my purse, and the pieces were in it and some money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-95" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-95" type="given" value="JOSEPH WILLIAM"/>JOSEPH WILLIAM PORTER</persName> </hi>. I am a greengrocer, of 88, King's Cross Road, Clerkenwell—on 11th January, about 3.50, I sold the prisoner a head of celery, price 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he at first gave me two pence, and then pulled them back and put a bad florin in my hand—I bent it in two and threw it into the road, saying "There is your money out in the road"—he made no reply, but walked out; I followed him and gave him in charge—I found the florin in the same place, and handed it to a policeman—this is it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-96" type="surname" value="GRUMMETT"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-96" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH GRUMMETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 276). Porter gave the prisoner into my custody with this florin—I found 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on him at the station—I said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310022"/>
<p>"Where did you get it?"—he said "I must hare got it from my brother on Saturday night," and gave his brother's address, 48, Corporation Row—I afterwards told the prisoner that I had been there and asked his brother if he had paid him any money on Saturday night, and that he said "No," and would have nothing to do with it—he said nothing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-97" type="surname" value="WEBSTKR"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-97" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTKR</persName> </hi>. This is a bad coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was entirely ignorant of its being bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-215-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-215-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-215-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-215-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-215-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-215-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-215-18810131 t18810131-215-punishment-8"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-216">
<interp inst="t18810131-216" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-216" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-216-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-216-18810131 t18810131-216-offence-1 t18810131-216-verdict-1"/>
<p>216.
<persName id="def1-216-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-216-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18810131" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18810131" type="surname" value="REID"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18810131" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY REID</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-216-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-216-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-216-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HEWICK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-99" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-99" type="surname" value="WEEKS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-99" type="given" value="AGNES"/>AGNES WEEKS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Charles Orblath, of 2, Weston Terrace, Stoke Newington—on 28th December, about 4.30, I served the prisoner with half an ounce of tobacco; he gave me a florin; I put it in the till without examining it—I do not know what was there—the prisoner came again about 6 o'clock for half an ounce of shag; I re
<lb/>cognised him; he gave me a florin; I examined it, found it was bad, and handed it to Mr. Orblath, who said "Where did you get this?"—he said "I have just had it in change," and ran out of the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-100" type="surname" value="ORBLATH"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-100" type="given" value="ADA FANNY"/>ADA FANNY ORBLATH</persName> </hi>. I saw the prisoner come in about 4.30 on 28th December—he called for a twopenny cigar; Weeks served him and put a coin into the till, and he left—I looked in the till about an hour afterwards and found some half-crowns, shillings, sixpences, and coppers, but only one florin—I saw that it was bad, and put it in a drawer—the prisoner came again about a quarter to 6; Weeks served him; she showed me a florin, which I showed to my husband, who said to the prisoner "Where did you get this from?"—he said "I had it in change," and ran out of the shop, and my husband after him—this (
<hi rend="italic">pro
<lb/>duced</hi>) is the florin I took out of the till.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-101" type="surname" value="ORBLATH"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-101" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ORBLATH</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of the last witness—I saw the prisoner in the shop between 5.30 and 6 o'clock—Miss Weeks handed me a florin; I tested it, found it was bad, and said to the prisoner "Where did you get this from?"—he said "I got it in change," and ran out of the shop—I ran after him; he was stopped before I lost sight of him, and I gave him in charge—I said to him "You have been here two or three times"—he said "I have not"—these are the two coins.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-102" type="surname" value="MCHUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-102" type="given" value="PETER"/>PETER MCHUGH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 305). I took the prisoner; he said that he got the florin in change—he had a cigar on him and two halfpence—he said he had no fixed abode—Mr. Orblath handed me these two florins.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-103" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-103" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I took the florin in an omnibus in change for a half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-216-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-216-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-216-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-216-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-216-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-216-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-216-18810131 t18810131-216-punishment-9"/>Six Months Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-217">
<interp inst="t18810131-217" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-217" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-217-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-217-18810131 t18810131-217-offence-1 t18810131-217-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-217-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-217-18810131 t18810131-217-offence-1 t18810131-217-verdict-2"/>
<p>217.
<persName id="def1-217-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-217-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18810131" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18810131" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18810131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DAVIS</hi> (21)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-217-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-217-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-217-18810131" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-217-18810131" type="surname" value="FARMER"/>
<interp inst="def2-217-18810131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN FARMER</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-217-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-217-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-217-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HEWICK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-106" type="surname" value="CHARLTON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-106" type="given" value="MATILDA"/>MATILDA CHARLTON</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Fox and Grapes, Brewer Street, Golden Square—on 3rd January, between 5 and 6 p.m., I served Farmer with a pot of ale—he gave me a shilling; I put it in the till, and gave him 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—about an hour afterwards he came again for another pot of ale, and I gave me a shilling; I gave him 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and found</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310023"/>
<p>that it was bad just after he left—I then went to the till and found a bad shilling, which I put in a glass on one side—these are the two shillings—four others were with him each time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Crow-examined by Farmer.</hi> I did not mention the five other men to the Magistrate, but I did not say that you were alone—I do not recognise Davis as one of the five.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-107" type="surname" value="TODD"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-107" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES TODD</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Fox and Grapes—on 5th January I saw the two prisoners there—Farmer called for some beer, and Davis said "We will have whisky"—they were served with whisky, and Davis tendered this bad half-crown—I broke a piece out of it, and gave them in custody with the coin—my mistress handed me these two bad shillings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Davis.</hi> I kept you waiting for the change because I had sent for a constable—I went outside once or twice—you were both together; no one else was with you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-108" type="surname" value="AYLWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-108" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN AYLWARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 220). The prisoners were given into my custody—Davis said "It is not likely I should change bad money when I had good in my possession"—I found on him a good florin and four pence, but nothing on Farmer—Davis said "I hare got no address"—Farmer gave a correct address—these are the coins.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-109" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-109" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two shillings and this half-crown are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Davis's Defence.</hi> The barman said "I have got no change, old man," but I could see shillings and sixpences there. I sat there drinking my whisky, and saw him run outside. I thought he was going for change. He came into the bar and said "I will give you your change in a moment," and went out and fetched a policeman. If I had known the half-crown was bad I should have gone out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Farmer's Defence.</hi> I Know nothing about Davis. I never saw him before, and was never in the house before to my knowledge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIS</hi>
<rs id="t18810131-217-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-217-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-217-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">on Third Count.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-217-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-217-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-217-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-217-18810131 t18810131-217-punishment-10"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FARMER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-217-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-217-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-217-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-217-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-217-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-217-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-217-18810131 t18810131-217-punishment-11"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-218">
<interp inst="t18810131-218" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-218" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-218-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-218-18810131 t18810131-218-offence-1 t18810131-218-verdict-1"/>
<p>218.
<persName id="def1-218-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-218-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18810131" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18810131" type="surname" value="MILES"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18810131" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MILES</hi> (27)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-218-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-218-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-218-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18810131-218-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-218-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-218-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> feloniously marry
<lb/>ing
<persName id="t18810131-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-111" type="surname" value="ELDERKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-111" type="given" value="EMMA ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-218-offence-1 t18810131-name-111"/>Emma Elizabeth Elderkin</persName> during the life of his wife.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-218-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-218-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-218-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-218-18810131 t18810131-218-punishment-12"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-219">
<interp inst="t18810131-219" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-219" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-219-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-219-18810131 t18810131-219-offence-1 t18810131-219-verdict-1"/>
<p>219.
<persName id="def1-219-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-219-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-219-18810131" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-219-18810131" type="surname" value="WILES"/>
<interp inst="def1-219-18810131" type="given" value="THOMAS RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS RICHARD WILES</hi>* (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-219-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-219-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-219-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to three indictments for stealing a coat and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18810131-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-113" type="surname" value="BRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-113" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-219-offence-1 t18810131-name-113"/>Harry Braham</persName> and others.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-219-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-219-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-219-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-219-18810131 t18810131-219-punishment-13"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810131-219-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-219-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-219-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-220">
<interp inst="t18810131-220" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-220" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-220-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-220-18810131 t18810131-220-offence-1 t18810131-220-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-220-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-220-18810131 t18810131-220-offence-2 t18810131-220-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-220-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-220-18810131 t18810131-220-offence-3 t18810131-220-verdict-2"/>
<p>220.
<persName id="def1-220-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-220-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-220-18810131" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-220-18810131" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-220-18810131" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER ROBERTS</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-220-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-220-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-220-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and counterfeiting an instru
<lb/>ment provided and used by the Company of Goldsmiths in London for the making and stamping gold wares.</rs>
<rs id="t18810131-220-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-220-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-220-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">Also</hi> uttering the same.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. EDWARD CLARKE</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LEVY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-115" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-115" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I live at 172, John Street, Clerkenwell—on the 11th of January I saw Roberts in a public-house in Clerkenwell—he passed and repassed me, and finally asked if I was prepared to buy any
<lb/>thing—I asked him what he had to sell; he said he had some keeper rings, and invited me to come outside—I looked at the rings, and saw what I considered the Hall mark upon them—I asked him the price; he said 16 pence—I bought a specimen—I took it to the Goldsmiths'</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310024"/>
<p>Hall on that day—on the 14th I met the prisoner in Upper Street, Islington, close to where he resided—he accosted me, and asked me if I was prepared to buy anything—I asked him what he had about him—he said he had two keeper rings already gilded, two not being gilded, and in order to make up the half-dozen he would get the other two ready in a short space of time—I said I could do with half a dozen—he proceeded to work—he took some tools out of a small mahogany tool-box and punched what appeared to me to be a Hall mark on two strips of metal—these are similar tools produced and these are the rings—he took a pair of pliers, bent the metal round in the form of a ring, soldered, filed, engraved, and finished them all except the gilding—we both went to the gilder's, Mr. William Pigeon, of Jerusalem Passage, Clerkenwell, who came out and said it would take half an hour—I and the prisoner adjourned to the Crown for half an hour; we returned punctually and found them finished—I paid him 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. outside Mr. "William Pigeon's shop and left him—I took them to the Goldsmiths' Hall—I saw the prisoner again on the 20th—I asked him what he had to sell—he said some keeper rings—I said "We will go into a public-house in John Street," and we went in front of the bar—he there pulled out half a dozen keeper rings—I saw the mark inside them—I paid him 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. there and then—he then laid "I have several signet rings already finished"—I said "I do not want them"—he said "I have a gentleman's mourning ring being enamelled in Percival Street"—I went to Percival Street, and the prisoner brought out the ring and I accompanied him home, where he torched it up—immediately he had finished it he called my attention to the stamp in the inside of the ring—he said "You see the mark has come out all right"—I suggested we should go at once to Clerkenwell to get them gilded, and we went to Goswell Road—I said to him in the Goswell Road "I will turn in here" (that was into Mr. Lane's coffee-shop)—he said "Very well, I will be back in half an hour with the ring"—it was 7.30—precisely at 8 o'clock he entered the place—I said "Have you got it?"—he said "Yes"—I said "I must go for change"—he said "he, I will go for change," and he brought back 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. screwed in a piece of tissue paper—he put the ring on the table and said "Is not that a beauty? feel the weight of it!"—I picked it up and immediately placed it on the table—he said "That is all right, isn't it?"—I said "Yes, it appears to me to be all right"—he was pointing to the mark inside the ring—I said "I have examined the three keepers and found the marks inside them"—a relative of mine was sitting at the same table, and heard and saw all that transpired—on the 21st I called at his premises in the afternoon—I pulled out a common silver Geneva watch and placed it before him—I said "I should like it gilded, and that he might otherwise do as he liked with it"—he endeavoured to pull the works out and failed—he instantly took the tools and punched the watch on the inside of the case, and also on the bowl in my presence with tools similar to those produced—this is the watch with the marks upon it—he complained of the thinness of the metal—I said I had not sufficient change, his charge being 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for stamping, and I suggested it should remain on the premises till the following day—he rather reluctantly consented—about 3 o'clock on the 22nd I entered his premises, accompanied by two officers; one was Greet—the watch was on the work-bench—the prisoner was told he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310025"/>
<p>must consider himself in custody—that watch was stamped, but' not gilded.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a commercial traveller and small manufacturer—I travel for myself; I can give you a list of 100 customers—I am in no man's employ—I have been a commercial traveller for many years; I have travelled for Carter and Co. and many others—I have gone in the name of Somerfield in all commercial matters; I am Somerfield now—I deal in gentleman's ties and bows, not at public-houses—I have been lodging at Finsbury Chambers, Finsbury Circus, in the name of Somer
<lb/>field; I only use that name for business purposes—in all cases where an oath is necessary I give the name of Davis—I have not given evidence before, but I believe I have taken an oath, or a declaration at any rate; I have never given evidence for the Goldsmiths' Company—I have no other
<hi rend="italic">alias—</hi> I have not been called the
<hi rend="italic">Mayor—</hi> I was never in Reading—in travelling about I have often received rings in the suburbs of London—some of the vendors pretend to pick them up in front of me—I gave this information on my own account and in the interest of the Goldsmiths' Company—I think not for a reward; that is a supposi
<lb/>tion; if you think it is true, substantiate it; I hope to get a reward and I alee had a sense of justice—I have not been promised a reward—I was handed a printed form with 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. reward on it—I showed the Goldsmiths' Company a specimen—there is another ease of marking at this Sessions—I am an employer of labour; I can give you a list of the lames—there is no necessity for a place of business, because I take my samples round—I keep a large stock at my lodgings; it is a com
<lb/>mon lodging, but my stock is under proper protection—I did not see anything about the reward before I went to the Goldsmiths' Company—I mean to say that I went there from a sense of justice—I was a perfect stranger to the prisoner at the time of the transaction—he was introduced to me on the 8th January by a baker—the baker showed me one of these rings on 20th December, at Aylesbury—I did not see how the punch was used; it is not feasible; neither would I swear that I saw the man using a hammer on this ring; I saw him use the tools, but I was some distance away, several yards—I was acting under instructions—in my instructions I was to assist in what was being done—I saw him use the tools inside the ring—I saw the two strips of metal, and I saw him mark one strip of metal—it is impossible for me to identify which ring it was—I saw him mark; the took were similar to these—he took hold of a hammer and punched the two strips of metal with an instrument like this one—I have no technical knowledge of the Hall mark—I think it is the carat, a leopard's head, and a crown—three marks.
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. When I took the ring to the Goldsmiths' Company I saw one of the deputy wardens and another gentleman—I showed him the specimen; he examined it, then called me into another room and introduced me to a gentleman who asked a few questions of Mr. Robinson of a technical character—then I was commissioned to buy half a dozen more—I said I had bought the keeper rings of a man for 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I had no reason for concealing the facts—I was handed 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and com
<lb/>missioned to purchase as many rings as I could get, and I bought those produced—they also handed me the printed form stating that there was 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. reward—I read it; I knew there would be 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. paid on conviction—when I returned with the half-dozen rings they instructed me to go</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310026"/>
<p>on again, and I bought three more keepers on the 20th, and took them on the 21st, as well as the mourning ring—they did not say anything to me about the Geneva watch—that was an idea of my own—the Com
<lb/>pany's solicitor sent the officer to accompany me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-116" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROBINSON</persName> </hi>. I am deputy warden of the Goldsmiths' Company—I have the charge of the Assay Department—I received from Davis this ring on the 11th January; on the 14th I received six keepers; on the 21st, three keepers and a mourning ring—the marks on them are identical with ours—there are four of each—the first is a shapeless mark in imitation of a crown; the second is "18;" the third the letter "C;" the fourth a leopard's head—the Goldsmiths' mark of "18" denotes that it is 18 carat gold—the letter "C" is the mark of the year from 29th May, 1878, to 29th May, 1879; the mark of the present year being "E"—the genuine mark of the Goldsmith's Company on n ring should be a crown. 18, a leopard's head, and a letter—the special mark of the Gold
<lb/>smiths' Company of London is the leopard's head—on 22nd January I accompanied a policeman to the prisoner's premises—I received from the police these four mourning rings, bearing the same marks, also the seven punches produced—one punch marks "C," and all the punches match the impressions on the rings; another punch bears the mark of a leopard's head; one of the punches contains the whole of the four marks, and there is one blank punch ready for engraving.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The letters in the Goldsmiths' mark are arranged in a cycle of 26 years, agreeing with 26 Roman letters—the mark is done before the enamelling—the mark is usually made on the metal when it is flat; it is possible to mark the ring as it is, but it is contrary to the usual practice—it would be extremely difficult to make such a mark on any of these rings—it would be impossible to do so with this punch—this spoon produced is brass or a base metal of some kind—I have seen similar marks; they are commonly used in the trade on plated spoons—I t is not a mark of the Goldsmiths' Company—the marks are so im
<lb/>perfect on the spoon that I should not like to express an opinion—I cannot decipher it—I have seen rings marked indistinctly.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The mark on the spoon is a mark frequently put on electro-plate—the first is a kind of star; I cannot describe the second; the third is like a sun, the fourth is a crown—the crown is the local mark of the Sheffield Hall in the same way as the special London Hall mark is a leopard's head—I produce a specimen of the die of the Goldsmiths' Company for marking rings—I have also an impression of the punch taken from the prisoner—the mark is frequently injured in the finishing, but it is never tampered with; it is somewhat obscured.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-117" type="surname" value="GREET"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-117" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GREET</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant G</hi>). I received warrants to apprehend the prisoner on 22nd January—I searched his premises—I went there with Mr. Robinson—the prisoner occupied a front room on the first floor of No. 35, Charles Street, Islington—I read the warrant to him; he replied "I have no stamps or dies"—I said "I shall search your room"—he pointed to a small box, and said "I keep all my tools in a drawer in that box"—I took out the drawer and found the seven punches pro
<lb/>uced—I also found these four rings and this watch.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-118" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-118" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROBINSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Our proper mark ends with the letter of the year—the leopard's head is the last of the prisoner's marks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-220-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-220-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-220-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310027"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-220-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-220-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-220-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>There were two similar indictments against the prisoner, upon which no evidence was offered.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-220-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-220-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-220-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-221">
<interp inst="t18810131-221" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-221" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-221-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-221-18810131 t18810131-221-offence-1 t18810131-221-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-221-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-221-18810131 t18810131-221-offence-2 t18810131-221-verdict-2"/>
<p>221.
<persName id="def1-221-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-221-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18810131" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18810131" type="surname" value="CANTLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18810131" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CANTLE</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-221-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-221-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-221-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Forging and uttering certain dies provided and used by the Goldsmiths' Company in London for marking and stamping gold wares.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. EDWARD CLARKE</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-120" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-120" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DAVIS</persName> </hi>. On the 14th January I met the prisoner in Aylesbury Street, Clerkenwell—he asked me if I was prepared to buy anything—I did not then buy; I arranged to meet him outside his house—he showed me a ring and a chain (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I called his attention to there being only "18" and "C" on the chain; he said that was all he did to the chain—on the ring I found a fair copy of the Hall mark—I paid 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for the ring and 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for the chain—on the 17th I entered his workshop—I saw him completing two rings for a man he said had been a customer of his eight years—he was filing and applying sandpaper to a plain ring mounted in turquoise—I said "I can do with a couple like those"—he sent them to be gilded and started on my job—he had a ring nearly completed for an imitation diamond—he took a strip of metal already cut, put his hand in a small green felt or cloth bag, and brought out tools and punched on the end of that strip of metal what I understood to be a close imitation of the Hall mark, and set a turquoise on it—I do not deal in these rings myself—I produced a watch; I said "Do you make or repair watches?" he said "They bring me silver watches, I stamp them, and they are sold for gold watches"—I said "What might be your charge?" he said "One shilling for stamping and two and six-pence for gilding"—I handed him the watch produced—he said "Do you want it at once?" I said "Yes"—he took the movements out and. punched on the bowl and then on the oases—I did not see what he punched—he then sent it out to be gilded—I called two hours after
<lb/>wards; I paid him 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I took up the imitation turquoise ring—I went again to his place on the 19th; I gave him another silver watch to gild—I saw him punch the cases and the bowl—we took it together to the shop of Frederick Warren, of 15, John Street, and we called again when the watch was gilded—on the 21st I handed him another watch; he made some marks on it—I ordered two mourning rings to be gilded—I went the following Saturday with the police and found the watch in his hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not mention before the Magistrate that the prisoner said it was a fair copy of the Hall mark—I did not ask him the name of his customer—I do not know that any person in possession of the Hall mark can be convicted—I said before the Magistrate that the prisoner pointed out the Hall marks upon the ring and the chain—he spoke in a scoffing sort of manner, implying that if it was known it would be warm or hot for him—I have never studied the Act of Parliament—I am sure I mentioned before the Magistrate about his saying that he gilded watches—I swear to the best of my recollection that he said he sold the watches as gold—I did not notice any error in my depositions—the marks appeared to me to be Hall marks in their general appearance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> No marks were on the watches when I took them to the prisoner.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310028"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-121" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-121" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROBINSON</persName> </hi>. I find on the watch found on the prisoner's premises On the 22nd January a crown, "18," and a letter—that would be the Goldsmiths' Company's mark on 18-carat gold—the rings found on the 22nd are marked with a crown, "18," a letter, and a crown re
<lb/>peated—the Goldsmiths' mark would be a crown, "18," a leopard, and a letter—the prisoner's marks are not in the right order—there is no leopard's head on the rings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe there are six Goldsmiths' Companies in existence at the present time—the special property of the Sheffield Gold
<lb/>smiths' Company is in the crown; that is, it is one of their only autho
<lb/>rised marks—it should be a royal crown, and not a ducal or mural crown—if the genuine mark were transferred from old plate we should prosecute—I remember the action of
<hi rend="italic">Robinson v. Currie</hi> at Westminster; the facts were the same as in this case—I was present when the prisoner's shop was searched—I said before the Magistrate that we did not find the puch or die which made the marks on the watch; that is right—We found the stamp which impressed the rings—the marks are on the case of this watch.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-122" type="surname" value="PEEL"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PEEL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector G</hi>). On the 22nd January I went to the prisoner's place in St. John's Lane—I read some Warrants to him, and inquired where the stamps were—he said he had no stamps; I searched and found these—he said "Those are the stamps that I did the rings with; I hare no other stamps"—I also found a Watch that had been gilded—I pointed to the crown; he said he did not do the crown—the watch was not complete.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen marks on spoons marked, but not jewellery.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-123" type="surname" value="RUMSEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHH RUMSEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I with went Inspector Peel to the prisoner's on the 22nd January—Peel read the warrants—the prisoner said "I have no stamps"—Peel searched the place—the prisoner said "It is no good, those are the ones I have stamped the things with: I have got no others."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cress-examined.</hi> The inspector found a bag with other things in a box on the bench—the box was open—the prisoner's door is usually open, I believe, Mid never bolted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-221-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-221-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-221-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-221-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-221-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-221-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>There were two similar indictments against the prisoner, on which no evidence was offered.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-221-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-221-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-221-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-222">
<interp inst="t18810131-222" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-222" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-222-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-222-18810131 t18810131-222-offence-1 t18810131-222-verdict-1"/>
<p>222.
<persName id="def1-222-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-222-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-222-18810131" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-222-18810131" type="surname" value="CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-222-18810131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CONNOR</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-222-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-222-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-222-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery, with others, with violence, on
<persName id="t18810131-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-125" type="surname" value="TALTAWV"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-125" type="given" value="BOLIVAR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-222-offence-1 t18810131-name-125"/>Bolivar Taltawv</persName>, and stealing his watch.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosceuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ATKINSON WALKER</hi>. I live at 48, Rotherfield Street, Islington—a little after 11 p.m. on 16th January I was in King Edward Street, Liverpool Street—I passed the King Edward public-house—a Crowd of eight or nine men attracted my attention; one of those men is the prosecutor—one of the other men said to him "You are b—cunning," and knocked him off the pavement—the prisoner went up as if to assist him, but dragged Out his watch, and ran away as quickly as he could—I followed him along Park Street into Liverpool Street—I there heard the prosecutor coming after me calling "Police!"—the prisoners stopped, but seeing the coloured man (the prosecutor) coming he started again—I followed, and caught him by the neck at the corner of Liverpool Street and Liverpool Road—he put his left hand into his outside coat-pocket</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310029"/>
<p>and took out the watch—I caught hold of his right hand; he threw the watch into the road—there was a lamp at the corner; I could see him distinctly—the prosecutor came up in an excited state, but he could not speak English—I did not lose sight of him—he was not drunk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-126" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-126" type="surname" value="TALTAWV"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-126" type="given" value="BOLIVAR"/>BOLIVAR TALTAWV</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Examined through an Interpreter</hi>). I am em
<lb/>ployed at the circus at the Agricultural Hall—this is my watch (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I lost it on the night of 16th January—the prisoner took it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-127" type="surname" value="O'CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-127" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN O'CONNOR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman</hi> 150
<hi rend="italic">N</hi>). I was called about 10.15 p.m. on 16th January to take the prisoner into custody in Liverpool Road—I saw Walker—another gentleman gave me the watch—the prosecutor charged him with stealing it—he said he did not know anything about it—he was not drunk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I was very drunk when it occurred. I do not know whether I had the watch or not."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-222-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-222-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-222-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-222-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-222-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-222-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-222-18810131 t18810131-222-punishment-14"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>,</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-223">
<interp inst="t18810131-223" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-223" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-223-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-223-18810131 t18810131-223-offence-1 t18810131-223-verdict-1"/>
<p>223.
<persName id="def1-223-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-223-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-223-18810131" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-223-18810131" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-223-18810131" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ROBERTS</hi> (52)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-223-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-223-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-223-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18810131-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-129" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-129" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-223-offence-1 t18810131-name-129"/>Mary Ann Smart</persName>, during the lifetime of his wife.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-223-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-223-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-223-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—Wednesday,
<hi rend="italic">february</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd; and Thursday, February</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grove.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-224">
<interp inst="t18810131-224" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-224" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-224-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-224-18810131 t18810131-224-offence-1 t18810131-224-verdict-1"/>
<p>224.
<persName id="def1-224-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-224-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-224-18810131" type="surname" value="WHEATLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-224-18810131" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WHEATLEY</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18810131-224-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-224-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-224-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> was charged on the Coroner's Inquisi
<lb/>tion only, with feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18810131-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-131" type="surname" value="OGDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-131" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-224-offence-1 t18810131-name-131"/>James Ogden</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence, the Grand Jury having found no bill.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-224-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-224-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-224-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-225">
<interp inst="t18810131-225" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-225" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-225-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-225-18810131 t18810131-225-offence-1 t18810131-225-verdict-1"/>
<p>225.
<persName id="def1-225-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-225-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18810131" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18810131" type="surname" value="CANNON"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18810131" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD CANNON</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-225-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-225-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-225-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Feloniously carnally knowing and abusing
<persName id="t18810131-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-133" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-133" type="age" value="4"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-133" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-133" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-225-offence-1 t18810131-name-133"/>Martha Marsh</persName>, aged 4 years and 7 months.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-225-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-225-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-225-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-225-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-225-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-225-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-225-18810131 t18810131-225-punishment-15"/>Eight Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">For other cases tried in the New Court on this day, and on Thursday, see Surrey Cases.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-226">
<interp inst="t18810131-226" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-226" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-226-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-226-18810131 t18810131-226-offence-1 t18810131-226-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-226-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-226-18810131 t18810131-226-offence-1 t18810131-226-verdict-2"/>
<p>226.
<persName id="def1-226-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-226-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-226-18810131" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-226-18810131" type="surname" value="BOTT"/>
<interp inst="def1-226-18810131" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD BOTT</hi> (46)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-226-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-226-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-226-18810131" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-226-18810131" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def2-226-18810131" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BROWN</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-226-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-226-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-226-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully converting to their own use, certain valuable securities entrusted to them as brokers.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Bott;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Brown.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-136" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-136" type="given" value="JOSEPH VIOTTI"/>JOSEPH VIOTTI COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I am a professor of music, of 27, Burton Road, Brixton—I knew the prisoners as stockbrokers at Telegraph Street, Moorgate Street—on 1st August, 1873, I went to their office, and I think I saw them both, and instructed them to draw out 1191
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., Reduced 3 per cents., and invest it in Queensland 6 per cent. bonds—I went with Brown to the bank, and signed the transfer, and he gave me this sold note—I think it is Brown's writing. (
<hi rend="italic">By this the Reduced Stock</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310030"/>
<p>realised 1,102
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">which, invested in</hi> 1,500
<hi rend="italic">Queensland Bonds</hi> at 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. with 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">commission balanced the account.</hi>) A week or a fortnight afterwards I called again, and I think I saw both prisoners; Brown held up some Queensland Bonds in his hands, but I did not examine them he said "Have you got an iron safe?"—I said "No"—he said "We rent a room in the Exchange where we keep all documents, and they will be safer in our hands than yours"—I think they were both there—I left the bonds with them for safe custody—I never gave them authority to part with or dispose of them in any way, and I have received the dividends on them from 1873 to 1879 half yearly from the prisoners—I then received this circular. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "8th. August, 1879. Sir,—I have been consulted by Mr. E. Bott, of St. Stephen's Chambers, Telegraph Street, on the subject of the disappearance of his partner, Mr. James Brown, who, without without giving him the slightest notice of his intended absence, has not been to the place of business since last Friday evening, nor has he com
<lb/>municated with my client, nor with his wife or any one else as far as I know. I regret to inform you that from inquiries he has made, Mr. Bott (though innocent of any misconduct himself) has great reason to fear that Mr. Brown has misappropriated moneys or securities entrusted to the firm by you, and I write to you that you may take such steps as you may think proper for the arrest of Mr. Brown. My client and I will of course be ready to give you any information or assistance you may wish for from us, as he most deeply regrets what has occurred, and is most anxious to show that he has in no way participated in or been a party to Mr. Brown's defalcations. Yours obediently, R. S. Gregson.") I wrote to my solicitor, Mr. Lovett—I did not see Bott.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. I also received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "August 27. Sir,—I wrote to inform you that in consequence of none of the customers of the firm of Bott and Brown appearing to take steps for the arrest of Mr. Brown, my client, Mr. Bott, applied for a warrant for his arrest, on the ground of Mr. Brown clearing a cheque for 350
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the banking account of the partnership, nominally to a Mr. Simmons, but which we find he cashed himself, taking the whole amount of it in gold. I regret to say that the Liverpool police inform us that there is reason to believe that Mr. Brown sailed for Quebec on the 4th instant in the steamship Sarmatian, under the name of Welch, and that the woman New, with whom he had been cohabiting, sailed on the 9th instant for New York, in the steamship Abyssinia.—R. S. Gregson.") I consulted Mr. Lovett upon that, and left him to inquire into the matter, and he attended on my behalf in November a liquidation meeting which Mr. Bott called—Mr. Lovett may have shown me this circular. (
<hi rend="italic">This was signed by Mr. Gregson, stating that Mr. Brown give himself up to the police white in a state of intoxication the day before, and was brought up at Guildhall that day, and remanded till the next Friday, on the charge of Mr. Bott of misappropriating the moneys of the firm, but that Mr. Bott had no funds to carry on the prosecution.</hi>)—I instructed Mr. Lovett to appear at Guildhall, and went there, and saw Brown in the dock, and Bott giving evidence against him—I did not pay much attention to what the charge was—Brown was committed for trial, after which my case came on against Bott and Brown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-137" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-137" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-137" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH DAY</persName> </hi>. My husband is a butcher, of 12, Grafton Street, Soho—I knew the prisoners as stockbrokers, and on 14th July, 1879, I called at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310031"/>
<p>their office and saw Brown (Bott was in the outer office)—I said to Brown, "I have 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to invest"—he told me to invest half of it in Consols and half in East India Railway Stock; he also said that 3 per cent, was not sufficient for our money, and asked me to persuade my husband to draw out what money we had in the Funds, and to invest it in something which would give more interest, and he gave me a list of securities, and marked several which would pay well—on 16th July I called again, and saw both prisoners—I said to Brown, "I have brought the money"—he said, "How much?"—I said, "1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—he said, "I am surprised you have not brought more"—I have been shown a number of notes, which I know by the endorsements to be the same as I gave Brown—he counted them, and Bott recounted them and put them into a bag, and said that he should pay them into his own bank, as it was too late for the Bank of England—Brown made out this receipt, and gave it to me in Bott's presence: "July 17, 1879. Received of Mrs. Day 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to be invested. Bott and Brown"—on 18th July I received this letter by post enclosing this bought note. (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated July</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">from the prisoners, enclosing contract for</hi> 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">East Indian Stock, and stating, as to Consols, that they would probably go lower, and advising the witness to wait till Tuesday or Wednesday.</hi>) On the same day, about 4 p.m., I saw Bott at the corner of Telegraph Street, and directly he recognised me he walked away—I then went to the office, but saw neither of the prisoners—I afterwards received a circular similar to this, from Mr. Gregson—I have never received any consideration for my money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. When I saw Mr. Bott in the outer office I did not notice that he had injured his foot—he opened the door for me to pass out—all he did on the 16th was to count the notes and gold; a statement was then made that it was too late to buy the Consols that day, and I understood thoroughly that the money was to be taken to the prisoners' bankers—I cannot say whether Mr. Jolly was present; I know him—I do not know whether he and Brown went to Glynn's and paid it in; I did not go with them—I did not attend the first liquidation meeting; I was there at the last meeting—there was no guarantee for 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the pound—Bott had made himself safe by putting all the blame upon Brown, and I told him that he, being the senior partner, ought to have seen to things better—I was sure he was guilty, but I did not prosecute him till after the third circular, because he made himself safe by liquidation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>. I do not know that Bott took the money to the bank himself, but I gave it to him; he said that he was going to the bank, and he had the bag in his hand when I left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I never saw any symptom of lameness in Bott, nor did he make any complaint about it—I have not the slightest doubt it was Bott I saw in the street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-138" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-138" type="given" value="GEORGE PETERS"/>GEORGE PETERS PRICE</persName> </hi>. I am a stock-jobber, of 2, Capel Court; my firm is Price and Co.—on 16th July, 1879, my brother sold the prisoners some East India Railway Stock, and on 17th August I wrote this letter announcing that we were about to deliver. (
<hi rend="italic">Requesting payment in bank
<lb/>notes agreeably to Rule</hi> 74.) That letter was returned the same day endorsed, "Unable to take up, Bott and Brown;" in consequence of that we never delivered the stock—we gave notice to the Stock Exchange Committee the same day of the prisoners' default.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310032"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am in the Consol Market, and my brother John is in the Indian Market—both the prisoners came into the House—we never knew which partner the money came from—my clerk can tell you what money we received from Brown on account after 14th July—I cannot recollect who I dealt with a year and a half ago, but I made bargains with both the prisoners—our clerks make up the accounts every fortnight—the Indian Fours are done in the Consol Market; the Consol business is settled every day, and the Indian twice a month—I sea that on Monday, 28th July, the prisoners owed us 1,800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which we had lent them on security in two cheques of 1,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I cannot toll you whether we had given them Queensland Bonds at that time—from 1873 to 1879 we have lent money to the firm on the deposit of securities—there was generally an account every settlement day—I will give you my books for seven years back—I dare say we advanced money on Queens
<lb/>land Bonds; no register of the numbers was kept, but we always had the securities to lock up in our safe—about 14th July we lent them 1,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on security, but I cannot tell you what security—we never take the numbers of bonds.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>. We always considered Bott the senior partner; his was the first name in the firm—I have not seen their bank book—Brown went away on 1st August, and on that day we received a cheque for 4,695
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and on 6th August bank-notes to the value of 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but I cannot say from Bott himself; I cannot distinguish the partners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I cannot say whether I dealt with one as much as the other—they paid us off 1,800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on 28th July—I cannot tell you how many pledging transactions we had with them before 1879—there were usually settlements once a fortnight with reference to pledging transactions—that has gone on a few years—we have had no money which we did not give consideration for, and what we lent we held security for.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-139" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-139" type="given" value="ARTHUR PERCY"/>ARTHUR PERCY ABBOTT</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Price Brothers—I produce two crossed cheques dated 28th July for 1,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., drawn by Bott and Brown in favour of our firm; they were paid into our banker's, and have been honoured; they were given on loan transactions as securities, but I do not know what securities—we have advanced money to the prisoners on security for years—I should say that we saw them both with reference to this transaction.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. We do not keep a book to enter the securities deposited on loan; we keep a book of securities which we can pass on again if we borrow money on them, but such securities as we had we could not borrow on—we should not like to pass the securities we had from Bott's to other people, because we had not given Government security: Consols, Exchequer Bills, or Indian Bonds—such things as Queensland Bonds pledged with us would not be entered and ear-marked—there is no means of ascertaining whether we handed over securities to Brown in the middle of July and the middle of August.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-140" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-140" type="surname" value="POTTERY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-140" type="given" value="MARY PHILLIPS URSULA"/>MARY PHILLIPS URSULA POTTERY</persName> </hi>. Previous to 1873 I knew and dealt with Messrs. Scott and Co., the prisoners' predecessors, and in July, 1873, I went to the office and saw both the prisoners—I had 1,200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. invested in the New Threes, and I instructed them to sell out part and to purchase 400 Queensland Bonds, as Bolt had suggested to me that they were very good security—I received this bought-and-sold</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310033"/>
<p>note by post; it is in Brown's writing: "July 1, 1873. Sold for Mrs. Mary P. U. Pottery 490 New Threes. Bought with the above 400 Queensland at 111 3/4 447
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Commission 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—I received four bonds of 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each, which I kept for twelve months, and then went to the office again and saw both prisoners—they said "You cannot be safe in keeping the bonds yourself; you had better let us have them, "and that they had an iron safe in the office—after that I took the four bonds to them, and left them with them that they might be kept safely; that was in 1874—after that I received the interest on the bonds—I went there again in 1875 with my mother, and on Bott's advice I sold 900
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. New Threes and invested it in Queensland Bonds—I never saw the bonds; they were to hold them, but I always received the dividends—I should say that the date of the receipts, January 5, 1875, is accu
<lb/>rate—I received this document (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) from the prisoners; I received both documents at the same time; the date was more likely 1876. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "1,200 Queensland Bonds in the hands of us, Bott and Brown")—that is Brown's writing—("1,600 Queensland Bonds and 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cash in the hands of Bott and Brown, January 12, 1876. Bott and Brown")—up to 7th August, 1879, I received my dividends on the Queensland Bonds from the prisoners, and on August 7th I received a circular—my mother always accompanied me to the prisoners' office, and on 1st July, 1873, she instructed them in my presence to purchase 500 Queensland Bonds, of which this is the bought note (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) in Brown's writing—she paid for them the cash at the time, 546
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—they were bought at Bott's sug
<lb/>gestion—she kept them herself till 1874, when she took them to the prisoners' and left there in my presence, as they had an iron safe in their office—on 2nd June, 1875, I was with my mother at their office again, when she instructed them to sell New Threes to the amount of 2,197
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and to purchase therewith 1,900 Queensland, for which this is the bought and sold note; it came by post, and has Brown's signature—there was a balance of 109
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., which they handed to my mother—my mother sold a house for about 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. about December, 1878, and some time after that I went with her to the prisoners' office, and she instructed Bott to purchase Queensland Bonds with the 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which she paid to them, and they gave this receipt. (
<hi rend="italic">Signed</hi> "
<hi rend="italic">Bott and Brown," and dated</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th December</hi>, 1875)—it is Bott's writing as far as I know—on 5th January, 1876, I went to the office again with my mother and saw Brown sign this receipt (
<hi rend="italic">This was for</hi> 1,600
<hi rend="italic">Queensland Bonds and</hi> 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">cash, in the hands of Bott and Brown</hi>)—I do not recollect whether my mother received a dividend on the 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but she did on the other—on 21st June, 1876, we received this receipt; it came by post as far as I know. (
<hi rend="italic">This was for</hi> 2,200
<hi rend="italic">Queensland Bonds to Mrs. Ursula Pottery, signed Bott and Brown, 21st June</hi>, 1876.") I should say it is in Brown's writing—my mother received the interest on those up to 1879—we received the circular of August, 1879, and have never seen our bonds since, or received any more interest.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. I also received the other two letters—I should say that this is Brown's signature to the account, and not Bott's—my 1,200 Consols only produced about 36
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year, but the Queensland Bonds produced 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I suppose Bott's advice to purchase them was good—I took back 400 bonds—I do not remember them being lost, and found in a clothes basket under a bed—I have no recollection of their being mislaid—I took no note of the numbers of my bonds—I know that the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310034"/>
<p>400 were bought, but the others were not shown to me—this is the state
<lb/>ment of the sale in June, 1879; it is in Brown's writing; no money came with it—he was to buy bonds with the money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>. I was well acquainted with the firm when Mr. Scott was the principal—Bott was his nephew, I always under
<lb/>stood from Mr. Scott, and Brown was his clerk—when Mr. Scott died I understand he left the business to them, the largest portion to Bott, and Brown was to be a partner with a smaller proportion—Brown generally transacted our business—they sat together at the same table—Bott usually conducted the conversation with my mother.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> We received our dividends twice a year regularly, but now we have lost everything—2,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which they paid interest on, was left in their hands to invest.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-141" type="surname" value="COOKS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-141" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT COOKS</persName> </hi>. I am a music publisher, of 6, Burlington Street—I knew the prisoners by name as stockbrokers, and in July, 1979, I wrote them a letter asking them to buy some New Three per Cents—I received this letter in reply. (
<hi rend="italic">From Bott and Brown, dated July</hi> 22,
<hi rend="italic">enclosing contract note for the purchase of</hi> 7,550
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">New Threes, and requesting a cheque for</hi> 7,417
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to he sent, crossed Glynn and Co.</hi>)—I sent this cheque in reply (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—this is the contract note—I afterwards received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Dated 26th July, from Bott and Brown, acknowledging the cheque, and stating</hi>: "It being a large amount, we had to buy the stock for our next settling day, when you shall have the receipt"—in August I received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">From Bott and Brown, enclosing stock receipt for</hi> 4,955
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and stating that, owing to its being a large amount, they should not he able to transfer the balance till the next Tuesday.</hi>) In consequence of not receiving the voucher for the remainder of the stock I wrote a letter from Eastbourne, saying that I was surprised that they had not sent the balance, as promised, and received this letter of 6th August in reply. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated that Messrs. Price, of whom the stock was purchased, found that they were short of it, and requested them to let the balance stand over till Tuesday.</hi>) I afterwards received this letter from the prisoners, dated 6th August: "St. Stephen's Chambers, Throg
<lb/>morton Street. Dear Sir,—Will you be good enough to call here in the morning, we want to see you particularly, say about 12 o'clock"—I called the day after; I came to London and waited there close upon three hours, and getting no reply, I got uneasy, and one of the clerks spoke to me—I never saw the prisoners afterwards till they were in custody, and have never received any consideration for the balance of my cheque—I after
<lb/>wards received a circular about liquidation proceedings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. I got the circulars of 8th and 27th August, 1879, and instructed Messrs. Pike and Son, of Old Burlington Street—I was aware of the liquidation meeting where it was proposed to pay 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the pound, and after three or four months my solicitor handed me 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I know that the payment was ordered by the Judge to be an instalment according to his means—on 28th November, 1880, I got this circular (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I knew the late Mr. Scott 40 years and more; he was a highly respectable gentleman, or I should not have listened to his nephew—I had had transactions with Bott and Brown before July, 1879, and had no reason to complain.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-142" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-142" type="given" value="GEORGE PETER"/>GEORGE PETER PRICE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Continued</hi>). On 25th July, 1879, I sold the prisoners 7,550
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. New Three per Cents, at 98?, and on 1st of August I delivered 5,050
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I do not know which of the prisoners I saw in that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310035"/>
<p>transaction—on 1st August I received a cheque signed by the firm for 4,686
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on the balance of account, and on 7th August I signed this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">The one of 7th August</hi>, 1879,
<hi rend="italic">endorsed, "Unable to take up."</hi>) I certainly did not state that we had not sufficient stock to deliver.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. August I was on Thursday, and Monday was Bank holiday—the prisoners had no ground for saying that we as jobbers were short of stock—I requested cash on the handing over of the Consols—I do not say that it was the prisoner's fault, but we knew that they had not got the money—I knew on 7th August that Brown was gone; I did not know that he had an account open of 250,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we had security for the money we let him have on 28th July, and on getting it back we gave up the security—one transaction had nothing to do with the other, but the result was that we gave up the first 1,800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on 28th July, and then got 4,786
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on Mr. Brown's cheque, and that left 2,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. unpaid for.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>. It was stated in the newspapers that Mr. Brown was charged at the police-court with misappropriating 850
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. only.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-143" type="surname" value="JACORS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-143" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY JACORS</persName> </hi>. I am managing clerk to Messrs. Lovett and Co., solicitors for the prosecution—on or before 16th October, 1879, we had instructions from Mr. Collins in reference to this, matter, and on that day I saw Bott in his office and inquired about Mr. Collins's bonds—he said that his partner, Brown, had gone to America; I asked him when he last saw the bonds, he said "Last month," and then he contradicted that and said "I last saw them when I went to the Stock Exchange after my return from illness; I was ill throughout July, and returned to business the day after Bank holiday"—I asked for the books of the firm, as I wanted to trace the numbers if I could; he said "My partner destroyed the books"—I asked how many books there were; he said "About 18"—next day, at the meeting of creditors, I asked Bott again about the bonds; he said that he saw them last when he went to the safe at the Stock Exchange—I asked him if anybody was present; he said "Mr. Butler"—I asked when he saw his partner last; he said "The Monday before Bank holiday"—Bank holiday was August 4—he said that he had been absent through illness about a fortnight before Bank holiday, but the day previous he had said "all through July"—the meeting was adjourned in consequence of his not producing any books—I produced this cheque of August, 1879, at the second meeting, and asked him whose writing it was; he admitted that it was his—I then pointed out that he was wrong in saying that he was absent for a fort
<lb/>night before Bank holiday; he said "Mr. Brown brought the cheque up to my house when I was ill"—I asked him who attended at his house, and he could not tell me the servant's name who opened the door or anybody's name at his house—the cheque is for 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—this cheque of 5th August, for 978
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., signed Bott and Brown, is in Bott's writing, and so is this of 5th August, for 572
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and so are these others.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. The only interview I had with Bott was on 16th October—we had been acting for Mr. Collins, and the circulars were addressed to our office—the 27th August passed, and the whole of September, and I only saw Bott in October—I made a memorandum of the conversation the same day or the next morning—my word is against his word, but I have my diary here—next day</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310036"/>
<p>at the meeting of creditors a number of professional men represented them—Mr. Smart was there and a shorthand writer—I have given them notice to produce the shorthand notes, and they said that they could not be found, but I do not believe that is true; I do not desire to attack Mr. Smart, or any one, but I do suggest falsehood, because first they told me that they had got them, and afterwards that they could not find them—I believe they have found them, and that they had them—if the shorthand writer and Mr. Smart deny the truth of my statement that Bott said that he had seen his partner on the Monday, it is untrue—Bott did say that he saw the bonds in the safe on the Monday when he returned from business—Mr. Day will recollect it, and Mr. Lovett, jun.; it is in the proofs—Bott gave me a list of the missing books on the second day, not on the first day—he did say at the first meeting that there were a number more books, and all the dates could be given, but that the books relating to the numbers of the bonds were missing, and I think he said they were destroyed—I think Mr. Gregson and Mr. Smart said that Brown had destroyed the books containing the numbers, and I took a list of them—I wanted to trace them, and to ear-mark the bonds—not a book was exhibited to me referring to these transactions—I have a list of 104 books shown to me; they were not the books I wanted; the meeting was adjourned for me to inspect the books, and I went on 30th October and picked out what I wanted to see—if I had heard Mr. M. Williams state last night that the books were all destroyed I should have interfered—I did not hear him make that assertion; I may have been otherwise engaged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>. Bott told me on 16th October as a fact that Brown had gone to America, and had destroyed all the books of the firm, thirteen in number—he said that he saw Mr. Collins's bonds when he went last to the safe; that would be 15th August, and I found out that Brown went away on 1st August—I do not know that at the time Bott told me that Brown was in America, he was rusticating at Cromer, or that he went away with a woman on a drunken spree—350
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was drawn out on 1st August, but I do not know that it was by Brown—I find on 28th July 368
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. to the executors of T. S., and I find that that is Bott.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. On the day the money was paid in, there was over 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to the account of Else and Bott at the London and County Bank, and since that a small cheque to Jolly—the account is closed by a cheque of Bott and Else to Miss Bott, which was afterwards deposited by her in her own name—I have not had time to search for the will, and find out that they were entitled to it—I think the 978
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. went out honestly to Mr. Weedon for Consols sold—I have not taken the pains to ascertain whether 272
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. also went out for stock sold—I asked Mr. Trice about the 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I will try and recollect what he said if I can.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> On 6th August, the day before the meeting of creditors, 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid to Mr. Gregson for the expenses of calling the meeting—I do not know what those other cheques are for.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-144" type="surname" value="CHILD"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-144" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CHILD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). On 15th December I took Bott as he was leaving Guildhall Police-court, on a warrant referring to Mr. Collins's case, which I read to him; he made no reply—I went down to the cells and saw Brown, who had been committed on another charge, and read the warrant to him—he asked how it would affect</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310037"/>
<p>him in the case on which he had just been committed—I said that I did not know.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. I attended at Guildhall on 16th August, 1879, with Mr. Gregson and Mr. Bott, and Bott made a state
<lb/>ment that Brown had changed a cheque in the name of Simmonds, into gold, and that there was no such customer—I got a warrant against Brown, and Mr. Gregson has defrayed the expense of going about to find him, but that was very limited—I attempted to find out where Brown had gone—I got the information from Liverpool about the two ships; that was in answer to a letter and two telegrams which we had sent describing Brown and the woman with whom he had been cohabiting—I sent her photograph down there—I found that some one answering Brown's description did sail for Quebec under the name of Welch—there was also a description of Miss Emily New,
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi> Williams, and her photograph was sent—Mr. Gregson made every effort to arrest Brown—I occasionally saw Bott in the street and said good morning after Brown's flight—I did not go to his lodgings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>. It was to get the change that the cheque was drawn in the name of Simmonds—the charge simply was that he stole 350
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and it came out in evidence that he had used the name of Simmonds—it is my suspicion that Brown never went to America—I believe he was at Dunmow and Cambridge with this woman—he dis
<lb/>appeared about August 1, and I believe she was with him—I only heard from Mr. Gregson how Bott was deceived about Brown going to America.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I believe now that Brown did not go to America, but was in the country all the time—he gave himself up in London on 25th November, 1880, voluntarily, and the witnesses describe him as being drunk at the time—I know that his habits were inclined to drink, and that that has been a great part of the trouble of his later life.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for Bott</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-145" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-145" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-145" type="given" value="FREDERIOK BERTRAM"/>FREDERIOK BERTRAM SMART</persName> </hi>. I have been an accountant 23 years—Mr. Gregson introduced this matter to me in the middle of August—the petition was filed and I saw the books before 19th August—my clerk made the inventory; all the books were under my supervision—this book is a record of the things we received and the dates on which we received them—the journal commences January, 1877, and here are the day-books, bankers' pass-book, cash-book, jobbers' ledger, and name-books; the cheque-books and counterfoils were found afterwards at the office—a few books were said to be missing—I think Bott said that he could not find the name-book; I think Mr. Jacobs said that he wanted some other books; I asked Mr. Bott to let me have them all, and Mr. Jacobs had every opportunity of seeing them—I did not thwart his seeing them; the instructions were to give the creditors every information that was possible from the books, and I gave information to several creditors—when the petition was filed the list of creditors was supplied—whatever the amount of the debts was I think it was exclusive of the action of the Stock Ex
<lb/>change with regard to time bargains, but I have no knowledge of any time bargains; they settle them on the Exchange themselves—with regard to any moneys owing to the firm for differences, I cannot touch them—Mr. Joel was present at the first meeting of creditors and asked questions—I did not notice that his questions were written down, but he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310038"/>
<p>took notes of what the debtor said—the debtor said that he had not seen the Queensland Bonds since Mr. Brown absconded—I was present at the second meeting of creditors on 31st October—the proposal of 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the pound was refused, being unsecured—I believe something was said at the second meeting about the time when Mr. Bott had last seen the bonds; he never varied his statement time or in my hearing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MEAD</hi>. I think he said that he went to the Stock Exchange safe, and found they had all gone; I cannot fix the date, but I think he said when he came back to business—by investigating a few of the books I could gather what the system was—I could not dis
<lb/>cover Whether any books were missing—I have not been told to prepare a balance-sheet or to search the books for any record of the pledging of Queensland Bonds—the clerk who can tell that is not here—if goods were deposited as security for loans I should expect all parties to keep a proper record.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> If one partner made an improper pledge I should hardly expect him to write down his fraud—it is possible to keep a register of bands, even though they are to bearer—Bott stated to me at the time that he Was Unable to trace the Queensland Bonds—no ability Would enable me to say whether the firm kept a register of securities, but a properly constituted set of books should have such a book, stating from Whom received and if deposited with the firm—I was only asked half a dozen questions at the Giuldhall, and had no notion of what I was going to be asked here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-146" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-146" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BAKER</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Mr. Smart—I was prevent at Bott's two liquidation meetings; I listened to his evidence and took notes all through—I took shorthand notes of the first meeting, but they have been lost—Mr. Jacobs asked Bott a question about the Queensland Bonds, and I understood him to say that he had not seen them since Mr. Brown went away; I am sure he said so, but I don't recollect the exact words—I attended as shorthand writer, but beyond that I had nothing to do With it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not remember Without my notes, When Bott said that he missed Mr. Collins's bonds, but I distinctly remember his saying that he had not seen them since Brown went.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-147" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-147" type="surname" value="JOLLY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-147" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK JOLLY</persName> </hi>. I had the use of the prisoners' office previous to Mr. Brown going away—they Used both to go into the House—Mr. Bott met with an accident, and was absent about a fortnight; before it happened Brown and I walked over to Glynn's together, and he paid in 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of Mrs. Day's—I was there when Mr. Cocks's matter occurred on 25th July—I do not recollect the 7,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. being paid in, but I remember the time—this letter is not Brown's Writing; it is James Brown's, the clerk's; he Was only employed there for a short time, not permanently—I do not know where he is to be found—I did not know of it till it was sent out of the office—I know that Cooks's business was done, but I know nothing about the letters being sent—I know by being in the office and seeing it in the books, that the Consols were brought a few days forward—I Cannot say positively whether Bott was in the office it all during that time till 18th August; I am sure he was not there on 1st August, and I think he had been absent nearly a fortnight before that time; I am almost certain he was—I know James Brown, the clerk's, writing; the whole of this is his writing except Bott's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310039"/>
<p>signature—I know that Bott was living in lodgings—I did not know that Mr. Brown was going away; he never said a word to me about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am not a member of the Stock Exchange—I was not clerk to the prisoners; they let me use their office, and if they wanted a person to help them or to write a letter I was willing to do so—I was not allowed to go on the Stock Exchange—I was not at the office all day; I went out to the bank—I did not go out to see my clients; they came to see me—I fix the date because I believe Mr. Bott was not in the business during the account; he might have been there on the 16th and 17th, but not on the 18th—I fix this account because he was not in town for a fortnight—it was not the May of June account by the books; I have not consulted them, but I saw them at the time—I was at the police-court, but was not called.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The first of these counterfoils of cheques is in the Writing of a gentleman in the office; the next is Mr. Brown's, and the next—there are only three—this of July 29 is mine, and so is the next; the next is Brown, the clerk's, and the next the prisoner Brown's, an accomoda
<lb/>tion cheque—this of the 31st is the prisoner Brown's writing; the six next are mine, then one of James Brown, the clerk, and the last is the prisoner Brown's—the 31st is continued in the next book; that is mine, and this is mine—the next is August 1st—this was the fortnight im
<lb/>mediately preceding the Bank Holiday, which is memorable by Brown's absconding.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-148" type="surname" value="WINK"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-148" type="given" value="OSCAR WALLACE"/>OSCAR WALLACE WINK</persName> </hi>. I am a town traveller, and live at 9, Montague Road, Dalston—Bott lodged at my house 18 months or two years before December—he was there before the August Bank Holiday of 1879—he paid me 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week for bedroom, sitting-room, and attendance—I recollect his injuring his knee on board a boat one Sunday in July—he went to business afterwards, and then was obliged to lay up and was at home for a day or two before Dr. Symons came to attend him—he told me that he was ordered to keep his knee, in a horizontal position, and I Saw him in that position every evening—he went out next the day after Bank Holiday.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am not at home all day—I leave home at 8.45 a.m., and get home about 6 or 6.30—whether Bolt went away in a cab in the morning I only know from what my wife told me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I came home at 6 o'clock he was always at home with his leg resting in a chair—he did not pay for dinners in my house he paid his own butcher, but I know there was an extra supply of meat during that time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-149" type="surname" value="SYMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-149" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SYMONDS</persName> </hi>. M.R.C.S. I leave at 79, Amherst Road, Hackney; Mr. Bott came to my house about 19th July, and I saw that his knee was a little swollen—he came again on the 20th, and his knee was much worse—I ordered him to lay up, and I would see him daily—I attended him to the end of the month daily, except July 24th and 26th, and on 2nd August, and always between between 10.30 and 3 or 4 o'clock—I always found him obey my directions.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was at home 14 or 15 days; I called on him on the afternoon of the 20th—I did not attend him on Friday, August 1st—I did not put down the time when I saw him on August 2nd—I remember the 19th, because I have a rough memorandum which I made at the time, in a book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He has been a patient of mine about 10 years, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310040"/>
<p>have known him longer—he has borne the reputation of an honourable man—he lived opposite me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for Brown.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-150" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-150" type="surname" value="JOLLY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-150" type="given" value="FBANK"/>FBANK JOLLY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). On the Wednesday or Thursday before August 1st, Brown came to me, and brought me 1,000 bonds, saying "Send those to your clients"—I said "No, I shall do nothing of the kind; you take them back, and lock them up in your strong box," and he did so—when Mr. Bott came on 6th August he went and got them, and gave them to me, and I sent them away—Brown said to me in a jocular manner "I am going away," but I would not believe him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Bott received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">withdrew the Third Count</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Mrs. Day's case</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">from the con
<lb/>sideration of the Jury, there being no direction in writing, as required by the</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">tatute.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BOTT</hi>
<rs id="t18810131-226-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-226-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-226-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on all the Counts except the Third and Fourth.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>
<rs id="t18810131-226-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-226-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-226-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on all the Counts.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-226-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-226-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-226-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-226-18810131 t18810131-226-punishment-16"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-226-18810131 t18810131-226-punishment-16"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February 2nd</hi>, 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-227">
<interp inst="t18810131-227" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-227" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-227-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-227-18810131 t18810131-227-offence-1 t18810131-227-verdict-1"/>
<p>227.
<persName id="def1-227-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-227-18810131" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="def1-227-18810131" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-227-18810131" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-227-18810131" type="given" value="HERVEY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERVEY MARTIN</hi> (53)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-227-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-227-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-227-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18810131-227-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-227-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-227-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>six indictments for stealing five dozen handkerchiefs and other goods the property of
<persName id="t18810131-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-152" type="surname" value="MORLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-152" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-227-offence-1 t18810131-name-152"/>Samuel Morley</persName> and others</rs>
<hi rend="italic">There were many other cases stated to be known against the prisoner.—
<rs id="t18810131-227-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-227-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-227-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-227-18810131 t18810131-227-punishment-17"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-228">
<interp inst="t18810131-228" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-228" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-228-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-228-18810131 t18810131-228-offence-1 t18810131-228-verdict-1"/>
<p>228.
<persName id="def1-228-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-228-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-228-18810131" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-228-18810131" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-228-18810131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS HOWARD</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-228-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-228-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-228-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> to two indictments for stealing three watches from
<persName id="t18810131-name-154" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-154" type="surname" value="LEACH"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-154" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-228-offence-1 t18810131-name-154"/>Thomas Leach</persName> and another.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-228-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-228-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-228-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-228-18810131 t18810131-228-punishment-18"/>Fifteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810131-228-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-228-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-228-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-229">
<interp inst="t18810131-229" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-229" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-229-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-229-18810131 t18810131-229-offence-1 t18810131-229-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-229-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-229-18810131 t18810131-229-offence-1 t18810131-229-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-229-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-229-18810131 t18810131-229-offence-1 t18810131-229-verdict-1"/>
<p>229.
<persName id="def1-229-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-229-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-229-18810131" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-229-18810131" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-229-18810131" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD KING</hi> (24)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-229-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-229-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-229-18810131" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-229-18810131" type="surname" value="CANE"/>
<interp inst="def2-229-18810131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CANE</hi>(22)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-229-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-229-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-229-18810131" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def3-229-18810131" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="def3-229-18810131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CAMPBELL</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-229-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-229-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-229-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Feloniously breaking and entering the
<placeName id="t18810131-geo-1">
<interp inst="t18810131-geo-1" type="type" value="site"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-229-offence-1 t18810131-geo-1"/>Church of St. Paul's, Knightsbridge</placeName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-158" type="surname" value="GROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-158" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GROSS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman P</hi> 403). Between 1.30 and 1.45 I heard a noise in St. Paul's Church, Knightsbridge—I tried the doors; I found them secure—I went round the church on the east side; I found a ventilating window had been removed—the opening was large enough to admit a man's body—I got assistance—I then went to the beadle, and got the keys—I went into the church; I heard a noise towards the communion table—I went up to it, and apprehended Campbell and King near a door which leads into the vestry—two constables were with me; we struggled with the prisoners—they were taken to the station, and charged with being in the church for unlawful purposes—I searched the church; I found a hammer lying on the ground near the almsbox, which was broken open, also two chisels—the prisoners were sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-159" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-159" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD PEARSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B</hi> 251). I went into the church with Gross; I found a window had been forced in—these tools were found near the almsbox, which was broken—I took King into custody; he was in a closet where the surplices hung; he was rather violent, but afterwards went quietly—he said he had come from Birmingham—I found on him four silent matches and a knife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-160" type="surname" value="DURRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-160" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DURRANT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B</hi> 109). I went with the last witnesses to this church—I took Cane into custody—when I struck him with my truncheon he said "That will do; I will go quietly"—I found on him a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310041"/>
<p>pocket-knife—I struck him because he was making his way from the window; he had a sash line in his left hand, and had broken the window right down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-161" type="surname" value="CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-161" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL CONNOR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector B</hi>). I am stationed at Cottage Road, Pimlico—the prisoners were charged with breaking and entering the church with intent to steal—they made no answer—I examined the church—an entrance had been effected through a window ventilator—an attempt had been made to leave the vestry by a window.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-162" type="surname" value="PHILPOT"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-162" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PHILPOT</persName> </hi>. I am clerk of St. Paul's Church—my attention was drawn to the window which had been forced out—the place was safe at 7 o'clock the previous evening; the almsboxes had been emptied, as the lid of one of them had been forced open in the day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-163" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-163" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH FOWLER</persName> </hi>. I am the beadle; I was called up by the police—I saw the church safe the night before, about 10.45; I went round purposely—I do not know the prisoners; I thought I had seen King, but I am not positive.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners' Statement before the Magistrate. King</hi>: "I acknowledge getting into the church; the window was open when I got in. I had no intention of stealing. I had no hand in breaking the box."
<hi rend="italic">Cane</hi>: "I followed in to christen him, that is all."
<hi rend="italic">Campbell</hi>: "I followed in."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners added in defence that they merely went into the church for shelter till morning.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-229-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-229-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-229-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KING</hi>** and
<hi rend="largeCaps">CANE</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to previous convictions.</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-229-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-229-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-229-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-229-18810131 t18810131-229-punishment-19"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-229-18810131 t18810131-229-punishment-19"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude each</rs>.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAMPBELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-229-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-229-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-229-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-229-18810131 t18810131-229-punishment-20"/>Twelve Months' Imprison
<lb/>ment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-230">
<interp inst="t18810131-230" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-230" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-230-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-230-18810131 t18810131-230-offence-1 t18810131-230-verdict-1"/>
<p>230.
<persName id="def1-230-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-230-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-230-18810131" type="surname" value="GLADMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-230-18810131" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY GLADMAN</hi>(00)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-230-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-230-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-230-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully conspiring with
<persName id="t18810131-name-165">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-165" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-165" type="given" value="EMMA"/>Emma Simpson</persName> and others to defraud
<persName id="t18810131-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-166" type="surname" value="FAUX"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-166" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-230-offence-1 t18810131-name-166"/>Edwin Faux</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-167" type="surname" value="FAUX"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-167" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN FAUX</persName> </hi>. I am proprietor of the Angel public-house, King Street, Hammersmith—on 27th of February, 1880, I saw an advertisment in the
<hi rend="italic">Morning Advertiser</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">for a barman</hi>)—I wrote to the applicant—the letter was brought to me by Emma Simpson on the 1st of March—she told me she had lived with Mr. Prosser at the Globe, Hatton Garden, for eight months; and that after leaving there she had been in the service of Mr. Hinchley, who had sold his house, and that the cause of her leaving was that the business had changed hands—she then handed me these testi
<lb/>monials of her character, signed J. Hinchley—she said that Hinchley was staying at the Henry the Eighth public-house, Union Street, Borough—I said I would like to see him with reference to her character—she said "He is seldom at home, being out looking for a business; I will arrange for him to call on you"—on 2nd of March I received this letter, signed J. Hinchley (
<hi rend="italic">Stating that hi had seen Miss Simpson, and making an appointment between 2 und 3 p.m. to see the witness</hi>)—the appointment was not kept—next day I received a post-card appointing between 2 and 3 o'clock, and signed J. Hinchley—the prisoner called on me that day—he said his name was Hinchley—I showed him the certificate of character—he said "It is perfectly correct, this is the certificate I gave Miss Simpson; she is a very steady, trustworthy young lady; you need have no fear of leaving her should you be absent at any time; she has been employed by me, but my wife knows more about her than I do"—he remained with me a quarter of an hour or 20 minutes in the bar-parlour—in consequence of the character he gave me I engaged Emma Simpson, and she came into</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310042"/>
<p>my service on Monday 8th of March—that evening I marked 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of silver, which was put in the bar for next day's use—it was placed on the proper cash-board for giving change—next day Simpson was apprehended on a warrant at my house—at the police-station I was shown three shillings that were found upon her that was part of the 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. which I had marked the night before—she was committed for trial at the Middlesex Ses
<lb/>sions—she pleaded guilty and was sentenced to two months' imprisonment—I also gave information to the Protection Society, and to the warrant officer, Mr. Adams, as to the man who recommended her—I gave a descrip
<lb/>tion of the man—I saw him at Hammersmith Court or Police-station and picked him out from 12 to 15 men as the person who recommended Simp
<lb/>son to me—I recognised his voice again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was about 4 p.m. when Hinchley called—he sat down in the bar-parlour—I gave my first description of him to Mr. Mait
<lb/>land, and the second to Mr. Empson, the chairman of the Licensed Vic
<lb/>tuallers' Society, and my third description to Adams—I gave no description to Waldock—Adams was called at the police-court—my house is about 500 yards from the railway station—I do a good trade—the prisoner had his hat off when he was conversing with me—I have no doubt about him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-168" type="surname" value="FAUX"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-168" type="given" value="EMMA ELIZABETH"/>EMMA ELIZABETH FAUX</persName> </hi>. I am the prosecutor's wife—one Tuesday in March during my husband's absence, the prisoner called at our house to give Emma Simpson a character—he said she had lived with him about eight months, and he could recommend her as trustworthy and honest—he mentioned where it was but I cannot remember the address—he was talking to me about a quarter of an hour—it was about 3.30 p.m.—I afterwards saw him amongst some other men at the Hammersmith Police-court—I identified him at once—I can Unhesitatingly say he is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw him in our private sitting room—he had his hat off—all hid conversation bore upon Simpson's character—he said he could recommend her—I picked him out from 8 or 10 men, not 10 or 12, I would rather day 8 or 10—if I said 10 or 12 at the police-court I suppose it was so—I could not say whether the men had their hats off—I recog
<lb/>nised the prisoner so distinctly that I did not look at the others—I could not day whether any of them had their coats off, or whether they had been playing at bagatelle or billiards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-169" type="surname" value="HINCHLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-169" type="given" value="WILLIAM ROBERT"/>WILLIAM ROBERT HINCHLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 100, Maroon Street, Limehouse—Emma Simpson was never in my service—I am a beer retailer—I never authorised any one to writs the Certificates of character signed J. Hinchley—they are not my writings—I do not know the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-170" type="surname" value="WALDOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-170" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALDOCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Polite Sergeant L</hi>). On the night of the 7th January I found the prisoner at the Horns, Grange Road, Bermondsey—I said "I have a warrant to arrest you for conspiring with a woman named Simpson, to obtain a situation as barmaid by means of a false character"—he said "I know nothing about it, I know nothing of what you are talking about"—I took him to the station—I read the warrant to him, again he said "I know nothing about it, I have not been to Hammersmith for the last five years"—he was put with 12 or 15 men—Mr. Faux was fetched and identified him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was present when Mr. Faux identified him—we take men from the street and try to get them as near like the prisoner as we can—if a man says he won't come in we wait for another—the police-station is about two minutes' walk from the railway station—it was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188101310043"/>
<p>between 10.30 and 11 o'clock when the identification took place—I got to the police-station about 10.30—I am not certain whether the men had their hats on or off.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I apprehended the prisoner in Consequence of information I received—I had been looking for him—I knew him by sight—I have got in my pocket a copy of his description, and the information given to the police.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>. The warrant was forwarded from Hammersmith to us—the Horns is about a quarter of an hour's walk from where the prisoner lives—I do not know the neighbourhood very well—I did not know his address till he gave it me, nor where I should be likely to find him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-171" type="surname" value="LOVEGROVE"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-171" type="given" value="EDWARD WILLIAM"/>EDWARD WILLIAM LOVEGROVE</persName> </hi>. I lire with my father-in-law at the Woodville Hotel, Seven Sisters Road, Holloway—in March last I kept the Henry the Eighth public-house, in Union Street, Borough—no man of the name of Hinchley lived there then.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-230-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-230-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-230-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-231">
<interp inst="t18810131-231" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-231" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-231-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-231-18810131 t18810131-231-offence-1 t18810131-231-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-231-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-231-18810131 t18810131-231-offence-1 t18810131-231-verdict-1"/>
<p>231.
<persName id="def1-231-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-231-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18810131" type="surname" value="PEARL"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18810131" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT PEARL</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-231-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-231-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-231-18810131" type="surname" value="JANSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-231-18810131" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD JANSON</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-231-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-231-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-231-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18810131-231-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-231-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-231-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>publishing two libels concerning
<persName id="t18810131-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-174" type="surname" value="SAWYER"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-174" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-231-offence-1 t18810131-name-174"/>Edward Sawyer</persName>.</rs>
<rs id="t18810131-231-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-231-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-231-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-231-18810131 t18810131-231-punishment-21"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-231-18810131 t18810131-231-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">To enter into their own recognisances of</hi> 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">each, to come up for judgment when called upto.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, February</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi> 1881.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-232">
<interp inst="t18810131-232" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-232" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-232-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-232-18810131 t18810131-232-offence-1 t18810131-232-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-232-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-232-18810131 t18810131-232-offence-2 t18810131-232-verdict-1"/>
<p>232.
<persName id="def1-232-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-232-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18810131" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18810131" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18810131" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM COOPER</hi> (35)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18810131-232-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-232-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-232-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18810131-232-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-232-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-232-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>forging and uttering an endorsement for the payment of 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. with intent to defraud,</rs>
<rs id="t18810131-232-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-232-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-232-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to embezzling 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of
<persName id="t18810131-name-176" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-176" type="surname" value="REES"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-176" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-232-offence-2 t18810131-name-176"/>John Rees</persName>, his master</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18810131-232-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-232-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-232-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-232-18810131 t18810131-232-punishment-22"/>Judg
<lb/>ment Respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-233">
<interp inst="t18810131-233" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-233" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-233-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-233-18810131 t18810131-233-offence-1 t18810131-233-verdict-1"/>
<p>233.
<persName id="def1-233-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-233-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18810131" type="age" value="96"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18810131" type="surname" value="SPRATLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18810131" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES SPRATLEY</hi> (96)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-233-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-233-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-233-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to a Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18810131-name-178" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-178" type="surname" value="COUSENS"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-178" type="given" value="EDWARD HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18810131-233-offence-1 t18810131-name-178"/>Edward Henry Cousens</persName> and stealing four silver napkin rings and other articles, after a previous conviction in 1869.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the prosecutor.—
<rs id="t18810131-233-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-233-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-233-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-233-18810131 t18810131-233-punishment-23"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810131-233-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-233-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-233-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-234">
<interp inst="t18810131-234" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-234" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-234-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-234-18810131 t18810131-234-offence-1 t18810131-234-verdict-1"/>
<p>234.
<persName id="def1-234-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-234-18810131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18810131" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18810131" type="surname" value="GOINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18810131" type="given" value="LUCY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LUCY GOINS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-234-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-234-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-234-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/> to unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Her master, who had been bail for her, stated that his wife and daughters were anxious to reclaim and assist her.—
<rs id="t18810131-234-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-234-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-234-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-234-18810131 t18810131-234-punishment-24"/>Four Days' Imprison
<lb/>ment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18810131-234-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-234-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-234-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18810131-235">
<interp inst="t18810131-235" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18810131"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-235" type="date" value="18810131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18810131-235-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-235-18810131 t18810131-235-offence-1 t18810131-235-verdict-1"/>
<p>235.
<persName id="def1-235-18810131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-235-18810131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18810131" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18810131" type="surname" value="MCGUFFIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18810131" type="given" value="DAVID COLTON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID COLTON McGUFFIE</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18810131-235-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18810131-235-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-235-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>, Unlawfully failing to dis
<lb/>cover 1,020
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and other sums, and the goodwill of his business to the trustee under his liquidation.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TICKELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18810131-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18810131-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-181" type="surname" value="STACEY"/>
<interp inst="t18810131-name-181" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED STACEY</persName> </hi>. I am Superintendent of the Records of the London Bankruptcy Court—I produce the proceedings in the liquidation of the defendant, who is described as a draper, of 2, Fulton Villas, Twickenham—it is dated 15th January and filed 20th January, 1880—I also produce his statement of affairs, showing total debts 1,528
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and assets 420
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>—the 420
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. consists of 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for stock-in-trade) including the counter and shop fixtures, and 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for book debts—it says "Book debts about 490
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., estimated to produce 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by debtor, otherwise estimated at 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>"—Mr. Clements was appointed trustee on 6th February, the date of the first meeting, and his certificate is dated February 20—here are two examinations of the defendant, one on March 34 and the other May 5—the transcript of the notes