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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18800913">
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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>TRUSCOTT, MAYOR.</p>
<p>ELEVENTH SESSION, HELD SEPTEMBER 13TH, 1880.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18800913-name-1">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-1" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES DROVER"/>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</persName> </p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18800913-name-2">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-2" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-2" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS & SONS, 119, CHANCERY LANE, E.C.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, September 13th, 1880, and following days,</p>
<p>Including certain cases committed to this Court under order in Council, pursuant to the Spring Assizes Act of 1879,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> The Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-3" type="surname" value="LINDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-3" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>NATHANIEL LINDLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of the Common Pleas Division of the High Court of Justice; The Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES FITZJAMES STEPHEN</hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of the Exchequer Division of the High Court of Justice;
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS QUESTED FINNIS</hi>, Esq., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS SCAMBLER OWDEN</hi>, Knt., and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES WHETHAM</hi>, Knt., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-4" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-4" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-5" type="surname" value="FIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-5" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FIGGINS</persName> </hi>, Esq., one other of the Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-6" type="surname" value="CHARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-6" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS CHARLEY</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., D.C.L., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-7" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-7" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq., LL.D., Judge of the Sheriffs' Court: Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-8" type="surname" value="WOOLLOTON"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-8" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WOOLLOTON</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY KELLY BAYLEY</hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY HOMEWOOD CRAWFORD</hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-9" type="surname" value="WRAGG"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-9" type="given" value="ROBERT THOMAS"/>ROBERT THOMAS WRAGG</persName> </hi>, Esq.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130003"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TRUSCOTT, MATOR. ELEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denote that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, Sept.</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1880.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<p>462.
<persName id="def1-462-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-462-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-18800913" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-18800913" type="surname" value="THORN"/>
<interp inst="def1-462-18800913" type="given" value="THOMAS DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS DANIEL THORN</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-462-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-462-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-462-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-462-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-462-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-462-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to four indict
<lb/>ments for stealing letters whilst employed in the Post-office.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-462-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-462-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-462-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-462-18800913 t18800913-462-punishment-1"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<p>463.
<persName id="def1-463-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-463-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-463-18800913" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-463-18800913" type="surname" value="BIRD"/>
<interp inst="def1-463-18800913" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THOMAS HENRY BIRD</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-463-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-463-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-463-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to two indictments for a like offence.—</rs>
<rs id="t18800913-463-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-463-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-463-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-463-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-463-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-463-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-463-18800913 t18800913-463-punishment-2"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
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<p>464.
<persName id="def1-464-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-464-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-464-18800913" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-464-18800913" type="surname" value="PREDDY"/>
<interp inst="def1-464-18800913" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS PREDDY</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-464-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-464-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-464-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to one indictment for a like offence. </rs>
<rs id="t18800913-464-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-464-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-464-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received on excellent character.—
<rs id="t18800913-464-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-464-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-464-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-464-18800913 t18800913-464-punishment-3"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">For the case of Stewart and Grant see Surrey Cases.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, Sept.</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1880.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
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<p>465.
<persName id="def1-465-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-465-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-465-18800913" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-465-18800913" type="surname" value="CRANFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def1-465-18800913" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CRANFIELD</hi> (16)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-465-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-465-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-465-18800913" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-465-18800913" type="surname" value="REAVES"/>
<interp inst="def2-465-18800913" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER REAVES</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-465-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-465-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-465-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-465-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-465-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-465-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, Cranfield having been before convicted. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CRANFIELD</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-465-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-465-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-465-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-465-18800913 t18800913-465-punishment-4"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REAVES</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-465-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-465-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-465-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-465-18800913 t18800913-465-punishment-5"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18800913-466" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-466" type="date" value="18800913"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-466-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-466-18800913 t18800913-466-offence-3 t18800913-466-verdict-1"/>
<p>466.
<persName id="def1-466-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-466-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-466-18800913" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-466-18800913" type="surname" value="ERSKINE"/>
<interp inst="def1-466-18800913" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ERSKINE</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-466-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-466-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-466-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> to embezzling the sums of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</rs>, also
<rs id="t18800913-466-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-466-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-466-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>to dealing 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</rs>, also
<rs id="t18800913-466-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-466-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-466-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of the Carron Company, his masters. </rs>
<rs id="t18800913-466-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-466-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-466-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.—
<rs id="t18800913-466-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-466-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-466-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-466-18800913 t18800913-466-punishment-6"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18800913-467" type="date" value="18800913"/>
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<p>467.
<persName id="def1-467-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-467-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-467-18800913" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-467-18800913" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-467-18800913" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WILKINSON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-467-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-467-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-467-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> to unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.—</rs>
<rs id="t18800913-467-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-467-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-467-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-467-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-467-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-467-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-467-18800913 t18800913-467-punishment-7"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18800913-468" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-468" type="date" value="18800913"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-468-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-468-18800913 t18800913-468-offence-2 t18800913-468-verdict-1"/>
<p>468.
<persName id="def1-468-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-468-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-468-18800913" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-468-18800913" type="surname" value="DOBSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-468-18800913" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR DOBSON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-468-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-468-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-468-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to feloniously forging and uttering an order for 50 cheques, </rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18800913-468-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-468-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-468-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>a cheque for 230
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18800913-468-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-468-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-468-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-468-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-468-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-468-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-468-18800913 t18800913-468-punishment-8"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-469">
<interp inst="t18800913-469" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-469" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-469-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-469-18800913 t18800913-469-offence-1 t18800913-469-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-469-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-469-18800913 t18800913-469-offence-2 t18800913-469-verdict-1"/>
<p>469. And
<persName id="def1-469-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-469-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-469-18800913" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-469-18800913" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-469-18800913" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR TAYLOR</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-469-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-469-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-469-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18800913-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-19" type="surname" value="CLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-19" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-469-offence-1 t18800913-name-19"/>William Clings</persName>, and stealing a pair of boots</rs>,
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18800913-469-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-469-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-469-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>being in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18800913-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-20" type="surname" value="CLEMENTS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-20" type="given" value="EMILE BRUMO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-469-offence-2 t18800913-name-20"/>Emile Brumo Clements</persName>, and stealing a leg of mutton and other articles his property.—</rs>
<rs id="t18800913-469-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-469-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-469-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-469-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-469-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-469-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-469-18800913 t18800913-469-punishment-9"/>Ten Months' Im
<lb/>prisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-470">
<interp inst="t18800913-470" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-470" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-470-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-470-18800913 t18800913-470-offence-1 t18800913-470-verdict-1"/>
<p>470.
<persName id="def1-470-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-470-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-470-18800913" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-470-18800913" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-470-18800913" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JACOBS</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-470-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-470-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-470-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. E. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-22" type="surname" value="WOTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-22" type="given" value="PETER"/>PETER WOTTON</persName> </hi>. I keep the Wheelers' Anna beerhouse, Clerkenwell—on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130004"/>
<p>31st July, about 11.10 p.m., the prisoner tendered me a bad half-crown for a glass of ale; I told him it was bad, and it was not the first time he had tendered bad money there—he said that it was the first he had been in the house—I recalled the circumstance to him, and he said, "Yes, I was here once before"—I said "You have been hare more than that," and that I had got a bad shilling which he passed 12 or 14 days before—he said that he had not; I gave him in charge with the half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I gave you the change for the shilling, and you rushed out of the shop, or I should have stopped you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-23" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-23" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN LANE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 227). I was called to the Wheelers' Arms, and saw the prisoner there—Mr. Wootton said that he had been there before, which the prisoner denied, but afterwards he said "Yes, I have been here once before"—Mr. Wootton gave me this half-crown and shilling (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), and I received another half-crown from Winter—the prisoner gave me 10 shillings and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-24" type="surname" value="WINTER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-24" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER WINTER</persName> </hi>. I am a fishmonger, of 18, Farringdon Road—on 31st July, about 10.45 p.m., I served the prisoner with a bottle of lemonade—he gave me this half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I gave him a florin and some coppers in change—as he went out I looked at the coin, and found it was bad, but he was gone—I saw him pass the door in custody 20 minutes afterwards—I went to the station with the half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-25" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-25" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I picked the coins up, and did not know they were bad. If I had been told that the first was bad I should not have passed the second.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-470-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-470-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-470-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>**.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-470-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-470-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-470-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-470-18800913 t18800913-470-punishment-10"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-471">
<interp inst="t18800913-471" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-471" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-471-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-471-18800913 t18800913-471-offence-1 t18800913-471-verdict-1"/>
<p>471.
<persName id="def1-471-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-471-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-471-18800913" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-471-18800913" type="surname" value="WARRINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-471-18800913" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WARRINGTON</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-471-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-471-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-471-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. E. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-27" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-27" type="surname" value="UNDERHAY"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-27" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN UNDERHAY</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Marquis of Lorne, St. Martin's Lane—on 17th August the prisoner gave me 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for some drink—I found it was bad, and went out and got a constable—I gave instructions to my potman—the prisoner came over to me, and I gave him in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I went out of the house to find a place of convenience, and then went back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-28" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-28" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MATTHEWS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 139). I was called, and followed the prisoner to the Marquis of Lorne—Mr. Underhay gave him in charge for passing this bad shilling—I found on him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-29" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-29" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MARSHALL</persName> </hi>. I am an upholsterer, of 22, Cecil Court, St. Martin's Lane—on 14th August, between 8 and 9 p.m., I was at the Thistle and Crown, St. Martin's Lane—the prisoner came in and asked for change for a florin—I saw the mistress serving, so I said "I will give you change"—I gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and two sixpences, and he gave me a florin, which I put in my pocket—I had no other florin there—he went out; I afterwards found that the florin was bad—I bit it, and broke it in half, and next morning threw it away—I was in the Marquis of Lorne two or three days afterwards, the prisoner came in—I recollected him, and told him he had given me a bad florin three days before—next morning I went to Bow Street and picked him out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-30" type="surname" value="WEBBER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-30" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBBER</persName> </hi>. This shilling is bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I received the money in change for a half-sovereign.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-471-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-471-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-471-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-472">
<interp inst="t18800913-472" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-472" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-472-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-472-18800913 t18800913-472-offence-1 t18800913-472-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130005"/>
<p>472.
<persName id="def1-472-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-472-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-472-18800913" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-472-18800913" type="surname" value="WARFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def1-472-18800913" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WARFIELD</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-472-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-472-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-472-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. E. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>; Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-32" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-32" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-32" type="given" value="ELLEN MARIA"/>ELLEN MARIA SMITH</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Lock's Fields, Acton—on 6th July I was in charge of a stall at a bazaar there—the prisoner came up, and bought A brush for 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; he gave me a half-sovereign; it see me light, and I gave it to Mr. Adeney—I think the date was 1877.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave evidence last Session when the prisoner was tried, and the Jury could not agree on a verdict.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-33" type="surname" value="ADENEY"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-33" type="given" value="WALTER FREDERICK"/>WALTER FREDERICK ADENEY</persName> </hi>. I am a Congregational minister at Acton—on 6th July Miss Smith handed me a coin in the form of a half-sovereign; it seemed light, and I showed it to Mr. Chamberlain, and after
<lb/>wards to Mr. Jennings—I told the prisoner it was bad; I did not hand it to him, but he took it out of my hand, and rang it on the ground; it sounded flat and dead—he then took it up, held it in his left hand, and passed it to hit right, then to his left again, and took out his handkerchief, held it over hit left hand for a moment, then held it to his mouth, and Mr. Jennings said "He has swallowed it"—we watched him till a constable came—he was given in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I may have said at the police-court "I saw no move
<lb/>ment of his throat"—I did not see his throat—I do not think he was blow
<lb/>ing his nose—only Smith, Chamberlain, and I handled the coin—I do not believe Jennings handled it, but I showed it to him; others may have looked at it, but it was in my hand—I did not go to the door to look if the police were coming—I do not think I left the prisoner at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-34" type="surname" value="JENNINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-34" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>SOLOMON JENNINGS</persName> </hi>. I am a laundryman, of Park Road, Acton—on 6th July Mr. Adeney called my attention to a half-sovereign which was in his hand, but he did not give it to me—it looked bad—the prisoner took, it from him, and rang it on the floor twice; it sounded bad; he then took it up, passed it from one hand to the other, took out his handkerchief and attempted to blow his nose, and in so doing he seemed to put something to his mouth, and when he took the handkerchief away he seemed to have something in his mouth—I saw his mouth and throat move, and he swallowed something—he was asked for it, and made no answer—I did not see it again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have never said anything before about seeing by his mouth that he swallowed it; it did not occur to me—it was a boarded floor—I gave the same evidence on the last trial, and the Jury could not come to a verdict.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I said last time that in putting his hand to his mouth I saw his throat move.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-35" type="surname" value="CHAMBERLAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-35" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT E. CHAMBERLAIN</persName> </hi>. I am head of the security department of the National Provincial Bank of England—I have been there 26 years—I was at this bazaar at Acton on 26th July—Mr. Ardeney showed me coin, which I took in my hand, and from its exceeding lightness I have no doubt it was bad—I returned it to Mr. Adeney, and saw him give it to the prisoner, who struck it on the ground twice—I believe no one else had it in their hand—from the sound it was undoubtedly bad—it was the worst I ever heard—I did not see the prisoner put his hand to his mouth—my back was turned.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-36" type="surname" value="FARMER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-36" type="given" value="BENJAMIX"/>BENJAMIX FARMER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 158). I was called to the bazaar, and the prisoner was charged with passing a bad half-sovereign—he said nothing—I searched him and found two good half-crowns and four pence, but no half-sovereign—he refused to give his address to the inspector.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130006"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Two or three men came to see him searched, and he complained that one of them touched his coat—I told the man to put his coat down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-37" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-37" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. Two of the tests of a bad half-sovereign are lightness and a flatness in ringing it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not say on the last occasion "No one but an expert could detect it"—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is a light half-sovereign, but it is good—the best test is to bend it—a bad one will double up and it will not rebound—a good one if cracked would not rise at all, and would give a flat heavy sound.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-472-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-472-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-472-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-473">
<interp inst="t18800913-473" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-473" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-473-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-473-18800913 t18800913-473-offence-1 t18800913-473-verdict-1"/>
<p>473.
<persName id="def1-473-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-473-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-473-18800913" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-473-18800913" type="surname" value="LALEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-473-18800913" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS LALEY</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-473-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-473-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-473-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a medal resembling a sovereign with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. E. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-39" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-39" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-39" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET SULLIVAN</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Craven Arms, Craven Court, Strand—on 16th August about 7 o'clock I served the prisoner with six-pennyworth of rum—he tendered this coin—I said "This looks very bright" he said "Yes, it is just made"—I said "It feels very light"—I showed it to Jarvis, and the prisoner was given in charge—a woman was with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> The woman did not put the coin down—I did not hear her say that her girl picked it up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-40" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-40" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-40" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE JARVIS</persName> </hi>. I keep the Craven Arms—Sullivan is my barmaid—she showed me this medal, and I asked the prisoner if he knew what he had given her—he said "A sovereign"—I said "No, and I shall send for a policeman and have you locked up"—he said that the woman with him had a child who picked it up on the Embankment, and they were going to divide it between them—he pulled out some coppers and offered to pay—I gave him in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-41" type="surname" value="OLIVE"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-41" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN OLIVE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 83). The prisoner was given into my custody—he said that the woman's little girl picked up the coin on the Embankment, and he did not know what it was—I found on him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I should know a sovereign if I had it in my hand, but I never had it The mother asked me to come in and have a drink, as her daughter had been so lucky as to pick up a sovereign.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-473-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-473-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-473-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, September</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1880.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-474">
<interp inst="t18800913-474" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-474" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-474-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-474-18800913 t18800913-474-offence-1 t18800913-474-verdict-1"/>
<p>474.
<persName id="def1-474-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-474-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-474-18800913" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-474-18800913" type="surname" value="TUNBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-474-18800913" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY TUNBRIDGE</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-474-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-474-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-474-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing whilst employed in the Post-office a post letter containing five half-sovereigns, two shillings, and sixpence, the property of
<persName id="t18800913-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-43" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-474-offence-1 t18800913-name-43"/>the Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COWIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SIMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-44" type="surname" value="BRADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-44" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BRADFORD</persName> </hi>. I am a travelling clerk attached to the missing letter branch of the General Post Office—in consequence of the loss of registered letters I was instructed to make investigations—on 3rd September I made up a test letter, and put in it five half-sovereigns, two shillings, and sixpence—I had previously marked them—I addressed the letter to Messrs. Rosenthal and Brunner. 18, Rue de Rivoli, Montmartre, Paris—it was in a registered letter envelope, and I sealed it down with the gum seal and posted it in the E.C. letter box at 4.50 the same day—I made a communi
<lb/>cation</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130007"/>
<p>to Inspector Martin at the office, and he afterwards communicated something to me—in consequence of that I sent for the prisoner, and saw him in the Inspector's room about 6.25 the same day—Constable Fry was there—I said to the prisoner "I am an officer from the missing letter branch; are you about to go out on your 6 o'clock delivery?"—he said "Yes"—I said "Are the letters in your bag for that delivery"—he said "Yes"—I said "Have you anything in your bag belonging to the post-office not on your delivery?"—he said "No"—I said "Were you facing up the collection between 5.15 and 5.45 this evening"—he said "Yes"—I said "At what table"—he said "No. 3"—I said "Did you see a letter addressed to Rosenthal and Brunner, 18, Rue de Rivoli, Paris?"—he said "No"—I gaid "I posted that letter at 4.50 this evening out of course, as several letters similarly posted are said to be missing; do you know any
<lb/>thing about this letter?"—he said "No"—I said "Have you anything about you belonging to the post-office or at your lodging?"—he said "No" I said "I suppose you have no objection to be searched"—he said "No"—I told Fry to search him—the prisoner took off his coat and placed it on the table, and as he was doing so he removed a handkerchief from his tail coat pocket, and began to cry and wipe his eyes with it—Fry went on with the March—he searched the pockets of his trousers and waistcoat, but found nothing relating to the letter—at that time the prisoner had his handkerchief in his hand—Fry then went downstairs to search the prisoner's looker—the prisoner then put the handkerchief back in his right hand trousers pocket—when Fry returned I told him to search the prisoner again, and I told the prisoner to take off his trousers—he began unfastening them, and removed the handkerchief from his trousers pocket again—I told him to put it down, and pointed to, the table, but he stooped down and put it on the floor—Fry went to pick it up, and he asked the prisoner if there was anything in it—he said "No"—Fry then picked it up between his finger and thumb, and one corner fell down—he then untied a knot in that corner, and handed me the five half-sovereigns, two shillings, and sixpence, which I identified as the coins I had marked and put into the letter—I said to the prisoner "I identify these coins as the same I enclosed in the letter I have been asking you about; do you wish to say anything about them?"—he said "I have had them two or three weeks; I don't carry them for any par
<lb/>ticular purpose"—I found nothing of the letter or envelope.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see the prisoner from the time I posted the the letter till he was examined—I had told Martin what to do with the letter—Clark was on duty at the time—I said nothing to him, I presume Martin told him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-45" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-45" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I am an inspector attached to the E.C. district of the General Post-office—the prisoner was employed there as a letter carrier—on the evening of 3rd September Bradford spoke to me, in consequence of which I went to the the letter-box at the E.C. office at 4.50, and took out a letter addressed to Messrs Rosenthal and Brunner; it was in a registered letter envelope—at that time the prisoner was employed in the facing-room, facing up letters at the table—I saw the letter placed among other letters by Woodward, an officer employed for that purpose, and placed before the prisoner; that was about 20 minutes past 5—it would be his duty to take such a letter to the overseer on duty in that room, and it would then be taken to the "Out of Course" room to be entered in a book kept for the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130008"/>
<p>purpose—at 6.30 I saw the prisoner again as he was leaving the office to go on the 6 o'clock delivery—I stopped him and took him into the Inspector's room, where Bradford was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There are four facing tables and about five clerks to each table—I did not see this particular letter when the letters were turned out on the table—I saw Woodward place out on the table all the letters he had in the bag.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-46" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-46" type="given" value="JOSHUA"/>JOSHUA CLARK</persName> </hi>. I am an acting overseer at the E.C. office—on 3rd September I was on duty there from about 5.30, and in consequence of what I heard I watched the prisoner—he was engaged in facing letters at the table—about 6 o'clock I saw him go towards the basement, where the water-closets are situate; he was away about eight minutes—I spoke to Mr. Martin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was close to the facing table—I first knew about this letter about 5.15, Martin told me—there are about 20 water-closets, they are common to the whole of the clerks and officials—there were about 150 men encaged in sorting letters at this time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-47" type="surname" value="FRY"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-47" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY FRY</persName> </hi>. I am a police-officer attached to the General Post-office—on the evening of 3rd September I was directed by Mr. Bradford to search the prisoner—I have heard his evidence, it is correct—as soon as I commenced searching the prisoner he put his handkerchief to his eyes and exclaimed "Oh, my poor father, my poor father!" and seemed very much distressed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know that his father had been a number of years in the Post-office, and had retired with a pension.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner (who had been 9 years in the Post-office) received an excel
<lb/>lent character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-474-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-474-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-474-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY Strongly recommended to mercy on account of his previous good character.—</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-474-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-474-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-474-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-474-18800913 t18800913-474-punishment-11"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-475">
<interp inst="t18800913-475" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-475" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-475-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-475-18800913 t18800913-475-offence-1 t18800913-475-verdict-1"/>
<p>475.
<persName id="def1-475-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-475-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-475-18800913" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-475-18800913" type="surname" value="FLOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-475-18800913" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FLOOD</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-475-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-475-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-475-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18800913-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-49" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-49" type="surname" value="FLOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-49" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-475-offence-1 t18800913-name-49"/>Mary Flood</persName>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-50" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-50" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-50" type="given" value="FOSTER"/>MR. FOSTER READ</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GREENWOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-51" type="surname" value="FLOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-51" type="given" value="MARY"/>MART FLOOD</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife—on the Saturday night before the Bank holiday I went to 3, Gray's Buildings for my children—about 40 minutes afterwards my husband came in the worse for drink; he did not speak to me—he had a small pocket-knife in hi* hand; he struck me, but what with I don't know; it was on my forehead—I fell off my chair, and said to my brother "I am stabbed"—I know nothing more—my brother picked me up—the prisoner ran downstairs—I followed him and gave him into custody—I did not know I had another wound in my neck till the doctor saw it; it was at the back of my neck—I was sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was married in 1867—my husband was then a sailor in the Royal Navy; he was discharged in May, 1868, with a first-rate character—five or six years ago he joined the Phoenix Temperance Society—on 10th June last he left me and went to America—I don't know what he went for; he did not tell me he was going—he wrote to me from America and said he had no thought of leaving me and the children, and he would send me money when he got work—he was at one time employed at a coffee tavern, also as clerk of the works to a builder, and received 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. when the work was finished—he had a medal; all the men teetotallers have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130009"/>
<p>medals—he never stabbed me before, he has assaulted me—he came from America on the Tuesday before this Saturday that he stabbed me—I was then living with my sister-in-law, in Gee's Court, Oxford Street—I know a man named Thorn, he is a mate of my brother's—he was not living at my sister-in-law's while my husband was away—when my husband came back he wanted me to live with him again; I refused—we were drinking together on the Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, not on the Saturday—I saw the knife on the Saturday morning, a young man gave it to my hus
<lb/>band, not to me—there was a scuffle when he stabbed me; I tried to get away, my brother knocked my husband down with a chair—I was just going to leave the room with my child when my husband came in—I charged him with stabbing me in the arm 11 years ago—I did not make that wound myself—I did not make a false charge against him two years ago for stabbing me, my head was cut—I lost a baby a few months ago—an inquest was held—I said then that my husband had struck the baby—I did not hear anything said about prosecuting me for perjury—I am not a teetotaller—I took the pledge once, and kept it for about an hour—I might have taken it twice, I don't remember—I have been in the habit of pawning my husband's things, and his medals, and he has done so himself, for food and drink.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When I took criminal proceedings against him eleven years ago he had three months'—two years ago he was taken before a Magistrate and I did not appear.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-52" type="surname" value="MCAULIFFE"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-52" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MCAULIFFE</persName> </hi>. I was with my sister, the prosecutrix, on Saturday, 31st August, at 3, Gray's Buildings, when the prisoner came in—I saw him make a blow at her—I did not see what with—she said "Jack, he has stabbed me"—I saw her bleeding from the neck and forehead, and tried to stop the prisoner—I ran for a policeman, and came back with two—as I was coming back I saw the prisoner coming down, and my sister following him—she charged him—I did not do anything to him, I only stopped him—I did not hit him, he was too strong for me—I did not knock him down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-53" type="surname" value="PEACHEY"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-53" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PEACHEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman D</hi> 144). I was called to Gray's Buildings on 31st August about 11.40, and there saw the prosecutrix bleeding from a wound in the forehead and one in the back of the neck—she gave the prisoner into custody—I said "Have you a knife?"—he said "I have," and he handed me this small pocket-knife; it was shut—she had said "My husband stabbed me with a knife"—the brother fetched me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner went with me willingly: he appeared as if he had been drinking—he was searched at the station; no other knife was found on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-54" type="surname" value="SPURGIN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-54" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM SPURGIN</persName> </hi>. I am divisional surgeon of police—on 31st July, a little after 12 o'clock, I was called to see the prosecutrix—she was suffering from a wound over the left eyebrow, about an inch and a quarter long, of a lacerated and contused character—on the back of the neck on the right side there was a small wound with incised edges, about a quarter of an inch long and a quarter of an inch in depth—I dressed both wounds—the wound at the back of the neck healed by first intention within a very few days—a knife was shown me at the station—I measured the size of the wound—the large blade corresponded with the wound at the back of the neck—the other wound did not correspond with a wound by a knife—blood was flowing from both wounds—the prisoner was in a state of great excitement; I should think induced by drink.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130010"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The wound at the back of the neck might he self
<lb/>inflicted; it must have been done with a cutting instrument—the prosecutrix seemed labouring under excitement from drink—I remember an inquest before Dr. Hardwicke on a child of the prosecutrix—I was examined as a witness on it—I examined the child to see whether there was any amount of force from a man's hand on it—there was a very slight bruise on one cheek; not such as would be inflicted by a blow—I heard the prosecutrix give evidence—she charged her husband with having killed the child—I think a question was raised as to whether she could be indicted for perjury, but I will not swear to it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his Statement before the Magistrate alleged that he had no recollection of what took place on the Saturday. He received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-475-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-475-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-475-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-476">
<interp inst="t18800913-476" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-476" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-476-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-476-18800913 t18800913-476-offence-1 t18800913-476-verdict-1"/>
<p>476.
<persName id="def1-476-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-476-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-476-18800913" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-476-18800913" type="surname" value="FENN"/>
<interp inst="def1-476-18800913" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN FENN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-476-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-476-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-476-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-476-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-476-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-476-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a watch from the person of
<persName id="t18800913-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-56" type="surname" value="HUTCHINS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-56" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-476-offence-1 t18800913-name-56"/>Samuel Hutchins</persName>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-477">
<interp inst="t18800913-477" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-477" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-477-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-477-18800913 t18800913-477-offence-1 t18800913-477-verdict-1"/>
<p>477.
<persName id="def1-477-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-477-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-477-18800913" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-477-18800913" type="surname" value="FENN"/>
<interp inst="def1-477-18800913" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN FENN</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18800913-477-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-477-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-477-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> for a robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18800913-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-58" type="surname" value="MOSTYN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-58" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-477-offence-1 t18800913-name-58"/>James Mostyn</persName>, and stealing his watch and chain.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CUNNINGHAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-59" type="surname" value="MOSTYN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-59" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MOSTYN</persName> </hi>. I am a wool dyer, of 50, Warner Street, Clerkenwell—on 17th August, about 10.10, I was in Hatton Garden, at the Clerkenwell end—the prisoner rushed upon me, kicked me heavily on the right knee, cutting my trousers through, and inflicting a bad wound on the knee cap—he then dealt me a very heavy blow with his right hand in the chest, with his closed fist, bringing me to the ground—he knocked me down—he then seized my watch and chain, and dragged it from its setting; it was hanging in his hand—I closed with him instantly, caught him by the collar with both hands, and held him—I caught hold of the watch, and it parted at the bow, and the bow is on the chain now—I struggled and called "Police!"—I regained possession of the watch—I was unable to pursue him, through the blow on the knee cap—he also dealt me several blows on the jew, which loosened one of my teeth, and I was obliged to have it out—we were struggling together for about two minutes—during that time I was face to face with him; I have no doubt he is the man—on the following Monday I was taken to the yard of the Clerkenwell Police-court—I saw a number of men there, and immediately picked out the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You had no hat on, nor any of the others that I saw; they were all standing in a row with their hands behind them—the value of my watch and chain is about 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—there was a man with you who I could not recognise—he was a mere lad—he said "Have you got it?"—he took no part in the attack—I have had palpitation of the heart ever since, and have suffered very much, and have not been fit for my occupation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-60" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-60" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant G</hi>). I was present when the prosecutor identified the prisoner in the yard—I placed him with eight others—the prisoner and two others had their hats off—the prosecutor picked him out at once—I told him the charge—he said "I am innocent of this, but I am right for the other."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-477-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-477-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-477-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.†**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-477-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-477-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-477-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-477-18800913 t18800913-477-punishment-12"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude </rs>and
<rs id="t18800913-477-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-477-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-477-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-477-18800913 t18800913-477-punishment-13"/>Twenty Strokes with the Cat.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130011"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, September</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1880.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-478">
<interp inst="t18800913-478" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-478" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-478-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-478-18800913 t18800913-478-offence-1 t18800913-478-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-478-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-478-18800913 t18800913-478-offence-1 t18800913-478-verdict-1"/>
<p>478.
<persName id="def1-478-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-478-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-478-18800913" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-478-18800913" type="surname" value="BUSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-478-18800913" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JOHN BUSH</hi> (22)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-478-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-478-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-478-18800913" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-478-18800913" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="def2-478-18800913" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HILL</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-478-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-478-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-478-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a receipt for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. with intent to defraud, to which</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HILL</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-478-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-478-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-478-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COWIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Bush.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-63" type="surname" value="NICHOLSON"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-63" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB NICHOLSON</persName> </hi>. I am a traveller, of 13, Mulberry Street, Commercial Road—in July last I was at Stow-in-the-Wold—I applied for a post-office order there for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and this order (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was issued to me payable to J. Webber, at the Post-office, 280, Whitechapel Road—I placed it with a letter in an envelope addressed to J. Webber, 26, Leman Street, Whitechapel, and posted it myself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-64" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-64" type="surname" value="WOOLSCROFT"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-64" type="given" value="MARY LOUISA"/>MARY LOUISA WOOLSCROFT</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant at the post-office at Stow-in-the-Wold—this advice note (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) relates to an order for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. which I issued to Mr. Webber from Nicholson—it would be dis
<lb/>patched about 11 a.m on 29th July, and would reach St. Martin's-le-Grand the same evening.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-65" type="surname" value="WEBBER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-65" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC WEBBER</persName> </hi>. I live at 26, Leman Street, and know Mr. Nicholson—I did not receive any letter from him on or about 30th July containing a post-office order—this signature, "L Webber," is not my writing, nor written by my authority.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-66" type="surname" value="CLEGG"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-66" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CLEGG</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of letter-carriers at the E. C. office, St. Martin's-le-Grand—the two prisoners were employed there, and were on duty on the evening of 29th July, Hill from 4 to 12 o'clock and Bush from 4 to 8 p.m.—a letter posted at Stow-in-the-Wold at 11 o'clock would arrive at the E. C. office at 5.30 or 6 o'clock—Bush was sorting that evening, and assisting to dispatch letters for the Northern District Post-office—a letter from Stow-in-the-Wold might have been put before him for sorting—he would also have access to letters of advice from the same place—Hill was opening bags—they were both paid their wages on Saturdays.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were eight sorters at that table besides Bush—letters from Stow-in-the-Wold would go to that particular table.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-67" type="surname" value="STEPHENS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-67" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES STEPHENS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk attached to the missing letter department, General Post-office—the prisoners are letter-carriers at the Central District office—in consequence of complaints I instructed Cohen on 30th July, and went to the receiving house, 230, Whitechapel Road, where Miss Hutchings handed me some papers, among which was this order for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., issued at Stow-in-the-Wold on 9th July—she also handed me this advice—I went with Butler to the Prince of Wales Sporting Grounds, but did not go in—I saw the prisoners there, and followed them to Burdett Road Railway-station—another young man was with them—I said to Hill in Bush's hearing, "Where did you get that money-order from which you cashed at the Whitechapel office this afternoon?"—he looked at it and said, "I did not cash it; I know nothing about it"—Bush said, "What is the matter?"—I said, "We belong to the Post-office; you will have to go with us to the General Post-office"—he said, "What for?"—I said, "You were seen to go to the office this afternoon and cash this money-order"—he said, "I know nothing about any money-order; I have not been to the post-office</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130012"/>
<p>in Whitechapel Road"—they were both taken to the General Post-office, where I saw Bush alone, and said, "You were seen to leave the General Post-office this morning, and go to the Goldsmiths' Arms, and you were followed with Hill to the post-office in Whitechapel Road"—he said, "I did not go in; Hill went into the office"—I said, "You told me before you did not go; what did you go there for?"—he said, "Hill said, 'Hold a moment, I am going to get a post-card,' and I said, 'Get one for me,' but he did not get it, there were too many people there, and he gave me my penny back"—I produced the post-office order and said, "Where did you get it? Hill says he got it from you"—he said, "I don't know anything about it; I have not given him any money order"—they were afterwards confronted—I repeated the statement, and also showed him two other money-order, and said that Hill said that they were given to him by Bush—Bush said, "He did not get them from me."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They were not prisoners when I questioned them—a policeman in plain clothes was with me—it was only right to give them an opportunity of explanation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-68" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-68" type="given" value="MORRIS MYERS"/>MORRIS MYERS COHEN</persName> </hi>. I was employed by an officer of the Post-office in July to watch Bush—I knew Hill by sight, and have seen them together—on 30th July I was watching at the door of the General Post-office, and saw Hill waiting outside about 11.40 or 11.45, and about 12 o'clock Bush came out and walked towards the Fountain public-house, followed by Hill—I followed them in—they had a glass of stout each—I was in another compartment—I watched them, and saw Bush pass a piece of paper to Hill—they stopped a few minutes, and then walked to the Bank, where they took a Hansom cab and went towards Whitechapel—I took another cab and followed them—Hill left the cab about eight doors on the near side of Whitechapel Road—I followed him—I do not know whether Bush left the cab—I watched Hill to the post-office, 280, Whitechapel Road, about eight doors from where the cab stopped on the other side of the way—he went in and I saw him at the money-order desk and the assistant speaking to him—some money was put on a little slab, and Hill took it up, but I did not see him give anything to the assistant—he left and joined Bush, who was then on the post-office side of the way—I made a communication to Mr. Stephens at the General Post-office, and went with him and Butler to Bow, and pointed out the prisoners in the Prince of Wales Running Grounds.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't know that the Post-office Running Club is held there—I am in the employ of the Post-office to watch suspected persons—I am not a detective—my father was employed by the authorities of Scotland Yard for years, and that is how I became initiated—I get 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a day, 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for refreshment, and my travelling expenses.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-69" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-69" type="surname" value="HUTCHINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-69" type="given" value="CHAKLOTTE"/>CHAKLOTTE HUTCHINGS</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant at the Post-office, 280, White-
<lb/>hapel Road—on 30th July this order for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was presented to me for payment—the receipt was signed—I had received an advice from Stow—I n-the-Wold that morning, and asked the person presenting it the name of the remitter—he said, "J. Nicholson"—I then paid the order-Cohen immediately spoke to me, and I made a note of the facts, which I handed to Mr. Stephens when he called.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-70" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-70" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am a policeman attached to the Post-office—I accom
<lb/>panied Mr. Stephens to the Prince of Wales's Grounds, Bow, in July, and saw the prisoners there—I stood by while Mr. Stephens spoke to Bush, who said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130013"/>
<p>that he had not been to Whitechapel Road, and he also said so at the Post-office—I heard Mr. Stephens speak to him again, and he said that he did not go in and he knew nothing about the post-office order—Mr. Stephens said that Hill said that he received the money-order from him; he denied it—I searched the prisoners, and found on Bush 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in silver, and on Hill a sovereign and 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—Bush said that he had changed a sovereign during that afternoon.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had taken hold of Bush before I asked him questions—he said that he had not been to the post-office in Whitechapel Road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He said first that he had not been to Whitechapel Road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-71" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-71" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HILL</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner</hi>). I was in the employ of the Post-office in the E.C. district—about noon on 30th July I was at the office at St. Martin's-le-Grand—I saw Bush come out of the office, and we went together to the Goldsmiths' Arms—we left and walked all the way to Whitechapel Road, where I went into the post-office and Bush stopped outside—I presented this money-order which Bush had given me with the name, and received the money—I gave it to Bush, and he gave me a sovereign out of it—we then went to the Prince of Wales Grounds, and I afterwards saw Mr. Stephens at Burdett Road Railway-station, who asked Bush if he had been to Whitechapel Road; he denied it—I afterwards told Mr. Stephens where I got the order, and heard him tell Bush—Bush had given me other orders of the same kind filled in with the name of the payee—he gave me this particular order in the Goldsmiths' Arms—I am quite sure we walked all the way—the proceeds of the other-orders which Bush gave me were divided—I did not see the letters in which any of the orders came.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I heard Cohen say that he saw a piece of paper pass between us in the Goldsmiths' Arms—I told Mr. Stephens that Bush gave me the order and Bush said that it was false—I have always told the truth about this matter from first to last—I did say to Mr. Stephens "I have not cubed it and have not been to the post-office in Whitechapel Road"—that was not true—I admitted it when I heard that I had been seen there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-478-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-478-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-478-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-478-18800913 t18800913-478-punishment-14"/>Six Month' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BUSH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-478-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-478-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-478-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-479">
<interp inst="t18800913-479" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-479" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-479-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-479-18800913 t18800913-479-offence-1 t18800913-479-verdict-1"/>
<p>479.
<persName id="def1-479-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-479-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-479-18800913" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-479-18800913" type="surname" value="CASPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-479-18800913" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED CASPER</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-479-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-479-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-479-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BRINDLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-73" type="surname" value="WENGE"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-73" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>LOUIS WENGE</persName> </hi>. I am agent to Messrs. Roth, of Switze rland—my place of business is in Queen Victoria Street—I have had business transactions with the defendant—he traded as Casper and Co., hardware merchant—in August, 1879, he owed my firm about 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for goods supplied, and on 12th August he gave me this bill for 511
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 0
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., drawn on 8th August, on Jasper and Co., and accepted by his brother, payable at three months, at the Central Bank, Newgate Street branch—on 17th July I had another bill for 309
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>;. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from their firm at four months—the first bill fell due on 18th November, with the three days' grace, and the second on 20th November—about 10th November the prisoner called on me in Victoria Street and said that he could not meet the bill of 511
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which fell due on the 18th, as he had not enough cash at the bank, and asked whether we would assist him to take it up—after some conversation Mr. Shaffler, who was there, allowed him the money, and 434
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was. paid to him, for which</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130014"/>
<p>these are his receipts. (
<hi rend="italic">These were dated July 1st, for</hi> 75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 80
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and 279
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">making together</hi> 434
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">S</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.) On 15th November he came again and said that he would bring the money from Birmingham for the bill of 309
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the 19th, but he could not promise it for sure, and we should have to renew it like the other—I saw him again on the 19th on his return from Birmingham, and he said he had only received 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and we should have to assist him again to take the bill up, and asked for 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., as he had a small balance in the bank—Mr. Shaffler asked him if the former bill of 511
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid—he said that it was, and it was all right—I asked where it was—he said it was in his possession—I then gave him this open cheque (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) for 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the London and Westminster Bank, which I had received from Mr. Jones, a customer, and he gave me this receipt—this endorsement on the cheque is the prisoner's signature—I saw him again that evening, but not afterwards till he was in custody in June—the bill for 511
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was returned, and the firm had to meet it—Mr. Shaffler took the other bill up for honour.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. Shaffler has become a partner since the beginning of this year—Mr. Roth, Mr. Adler, and Mr. Vigier are the other partners—none of them are here—we keep no banking account in London, all banking business is done through banks on the Continent—Mr. Shaffler was the representative of the firm when I first had to do with it—I was a clerk under his control, and we lived together some time—I became agent before he became a partner—I was on intimate terms with him for a long time before—he was there before me—Charles Julius Casper attended to the hardware business in Germany—I have brought the bill book to-day—I did not produce it at the last trial—the first transactions were for small quantities of watches, and the credit was a fortnight or 30 days—Charles Julius Casper was on intimate terms with Mr. Shaffler, and in August, 1879, he went to Switzerland to see the firm—it is not a fact that instead of paying 3,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid—Mr. Roth and Mr. Adler came over to see Mr. Casper in August, 1879, and I was present once at the Charing Cross Hotel—I was not there when a proposition was made that Mr. Casper should be the representative agent of Roth and Co. under my supervision—I never heard Casper propose that Mr. Roth and Mr. Adler should go and examine into the state of his business in Germany—Mr. Ellis is employed by Mr. Dobree, the pawnbroker, of Fitzroy Square—I was confronted with him on the last occasion when the Jury did not agree—I never knew of Casper pawning watches with Mr. Dobree till after
<lb/>wards—I only know of one pawning, that was in the beginning of June, 1879, but I found afterwards that he had pawned watches there in June, which had come from Roth's on approbation, and I discovered other pawnings a long time afterwards—I have got the book at home of watches passed on approbation to Casper—Mr. Jones is not here, but his manager is—Jones's cheque was not for a pawning transaction, it was for watches sold—he is a gold refiner and jeweller—he does not make advances on watches to us—he did so once—he lent us money and had the watches; he could sell them on our account—I made inquiries about Casper's family in Germany—his father is a most respectable person—watches were not con
<lb/>signed to him at double the market price in London, always at a very low price—I do not deny that he complained of the prices as every other customer does—I have not been present time after time when Mr. Shaffler</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130015"/>
<p>made him write acceptances to send to Switzerland—there was no such thing as an accommodation bill for Roth and Co., there was no drawing on him, and no request for other persons to give bills—I know Holford; he is not here—he is a friend of Casper's; he did not say that Casper had written to him to come and see him at the Horseshoe and Magpie, but I saw the letter—I never saw an acceptance signed by him for the accommodation of Roth—Shaffler was in London during these transactions—the only com
<lb/>plaint against Casper is in relation to these two bills—I know nothing of Casper telling Shaffler that it was impossible to go on having these charges made against him to meet bills, and that the matter must come to an end—I know nothing of a conversation like that—Roth and Co. were never in difficulties; I know nothing of their requesting that Shaffler should draw if possible for only 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., as their credit was not sufficient to get bills discounted for a larger sum—Mr. Wenge was at the police-court but was not examined—it was arranged in August, when Casper said that they could not meet their bills, that they should be renewed from time to time, and Charles Julius Casper proposed to take the agency for England and put me in as stockkeeper, but nothing was said about paying off the amount run up against him—he was not to give the security of the hardware business, but I believe it was said that it was like putting the two businesses together—I saw bills drawn by Casper and accepted by Young, of Leadenhall Street, but I do not know whether they were accommodation bills—they were posted off to Switzerland—this bill for 309
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. is in English, but it has on in German "In need with" so and so—that means that if the bill is not taken up by Casper and Co., it goes back to the bankers—it happened several times in September and October that bills after they fell due at the notary's were taken up—they may have been for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each—I have seen a letter written to Mr. Adler which was found on Casper, but Wroth and Co. did not communicate with me as to anything found on the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> All the bills the prisoner accepted were for goods supplied to his firm by ours—this is the ledger containing the transactions between us and the prisoner—we had dealings with Mr. Jones, and got a cheque from him for 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the very day that we gave it to the prisoner—it was not a pawnbroking transaction—Mr. Vigier is in Switzerland; he had nothing to do with the matter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-74" type="surname" value="SHAFFLER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-74" type="given" value="JOHN ARNOLD"/>JOHN ARNOLD SHAFFLER</persName> </hi>. I live in Switzerland, and am a member of the firm of Roth and Co.—I knew of these two bills being accepted by the prisoner's firm—before the bill of 511
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. became due in November the prisoner called at our place of business in London, and told me that he was unable to meet it, and I advanced him 432
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. towards it, so that it should not be returned to our firm—he said that he had 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of his own—the bill became due on 19th November, and on the 18th he said "I have not got sufficient to pay this bill," and asked me if I could advance him 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. towards it—I said "I can do so if the bill of 511
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. has been paid"—he said that it was paid, and it was in his possession—I believed that state
<lb/>ment, and gave him 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which I got from Jones and Son, as we have no banker in London—that was a trade transaction; we sold them some watches for 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., got an open cheque, gave it to the prisoner, and he gave us his receipt—that was the last time I saw him—I found afterwards that the two bills had not been taken up, and we had to take them up ourselves—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130016"/>
<p>remained in London till December 31, 1879—I tried to find him, and had got a warrant from a Magistrate—besides these two bills he owes us between 5,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 6,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. Vigier's position was inferior to mine—I do not get a commission on sales—I guaranteed bad debts to the amount of half only on salary—I was very intimate with the prisoner's brother, Charles Julius—he came to Switzerland for a holiday in August, 1878, but I did not propose it—I introduced him to the partners—I did not press large quantities of watches upon him, or point out to him watches which would not sell there, being unfinished, which he was to take and do the best he could with—Roth and Co. did not say that they would take bills for six months and renew them; the rule was for thirty days and sixty days prompt—I obtained from Casper his acceptance, and sent them to Switzer land—Casper's bills are not kept separately; they are mixed—this bill is dated November 26th, 1877 (
<hi rend="italic">The witness picked out all the bills of Casper and Co.</hi>)—it is true that we only complain with regard to the two bills which are before the Jury—no bill of our firm was dishonoured by Casper and Co, and afterwards taken up with cash when in the hands of a notary or an English endorsee, before June, 1879—it is impossible for me to tell how many bills were taken up from the notary—I always sent the bills to Switzerland; there never was an acceptance signed by him and given to me—I first saw Mr. Ellis I believe in June, 1879; he came and said that Casper had shown him an invoice and receipt of our firm, and asked if he had authority to pawn the goods; I said that he had—I have supplied him two or three times with watches to meet acceptances, by pawning—I do not know whether Wenge knew that they were to go to the pawnbroker; he may have—the entries are made in the appropriation book, where we enter every watch that goes out, and we have a special book for Casper's—Casper never told us what he got for the watches, and it was immaterial to us so long as he was solvent—he pretended that in three or four days he was getting money from his bankers in Germany, and he represented that a friend of his was going to advance the money—Mr. Roth and Mr. Adler did not come over in June; I believe it was August or September; Mr. Vigier did not come to London in 1879 I believe; he came in 1878; we spoke of business at the Charing Cross Hotel—Vigier was here, but he was never put in the witness-box—Mr. Lewis was in the case last September and Mr. Kelly—I was not desirous that the prisoner should obtain goods, from other persons and pawn them and redeem the pawnings at Dobree's—I did not propose that he should get goods from Mr. Perrier, of Crosby Hall Chambers, or from Mr. Hine, of Thavies Inn, or from De la Volta, or from Mr. Chaplin, of Rienne, and turn them immediately into money, so as to clear the pawnings—I did not give him the address of parties in Switzerland—I was there two vacations—I mean to say that the names of a number of watchmakers at Solure, in Switzerland, were not given to him; I did not swear so at the last trial—I never suggested that they were to get watches—the bill of 511
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. does not refer to a special parcel of watches given to Casper Brothers for the purpose of pawning; that parcel was bought by N. Casper, of Switzerland, without my knowledge—we never entered these bills in our bill-book in Switzerland; it is not advised as being done on 15th November under date of 8th August; it is not entered at all—I knew that the bill was current; I have not got it because</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130017"/>
<p>it has nothing to with our English business—he received the last amount on 15th November, and the bill was due on the 18th—we were in such a condition of finance that we parted with the money three days before it was wanted—November 19th was the last day he saw me, not November 17th; I swear that—I did not say on the last trial that the watches were placed in the hands of Jones for him to give us the money on them with a right for him to redeem them, paying our money—we did not let Jones have watches on that occasion with a right to redeem them—I admitted on the last trial pawning watches with Jones—we have pawned less than 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of watches with Jones—I do not believe I told the prisoner that until I got the cheque the watches were Jones's, and I could not let him go—I sent the cheque after Casper at 4 p.m.—I do not know that I sent it by Vigier or that Vigier brought the receipt—I saw him on the 19th, but not on the 18th—I wrote this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) to Casper's father dated 29th July, 1880, inviting him to meet me at Cologne—I say in it (
<hi rend="italic">In German</hi>), "Nevertheless it even now pains me much to have to open my hand to the criminal conviction of a dear friend"—I saw the father—no proposal had been made as to how much the friends would pay—this is a correct translation (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—a parcel of musical boxes was consigned to us from Switzerland early in 1879, and in October we passed them on to him and took the bill—the goods were sold to Beaumont, of Goswell Road, but we did not have the money—it was proposed at Charing Cross that we should take the agency of Roth and Co., and he might place Mr. Wenge in as comptroller, but we never had the least idea of doing that; we saw it was a swindle—I have sworn-that up to 15th November we had perfect confidence in Casper Brothers, but we never trusted them after October; we had confidence that they would pay their debts—I said that I would not allow them to be the representatives—I was not a partner then; I was made a partner in 1880—I was married in March, 1880—as early as September or October, 1879, I told Casper Brothers that it would ruin me if these pawnings were not cleared up, and Wroth was to know nothing about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The prisoner's firm always met their acceptances up to June; after that some of them had to be taken up by Casper Brothers at the notary's—I know that the firm was pressed for money—the prisoner was to get money to pay the bill from a friend in Germany, on the security of the watches he had from us—Mr. Ellis came to know whether he was in lawful possession of the watches, and we said that he was—after he got his money from Germany he was to redeem the watches—if he had not taken it up we should have had to take it up ourselves—I was not a partner then, but I had full power to do what I liked—I made Roths acquainted with it in September or October—I saw the prisoner on 19th November; I am perfectly sure of that—the letter in German is dated 29th July; that was after the prisoner was in custody—I had given evidence then, and gone back to Switzerland—I was at one time on very friendly terms with the prisoner—I thought in November that he was solvent, and able to meet the bills—I have never received one farthing from him since he went away, or from his bankruptcy estate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-75" type="surname" value="MCCLELLAN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-75" type="given" value="JOHN CLEMENT"/>JOHN CLEMENT MCCLELLAN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the London and West
<lb/>minster Bank, St. James's branch—I paid this open cheque for 254
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. across to counter on 19th November, 1879.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was the last payment but one that day.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130018"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-76" type="surname" value="PITT"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-76" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PITT</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Central Bank, Newgate Street branch—Casper Brothers had an account there—their place of business was at Walbrook—these two bills are made payable at our bank—on 18th November this bill for 511
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was dishonoured—at that time 115
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was standing to the credit of Casper Brothers—on 20th November 105
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was standing to their account, but we had a lien upon that for bills dis
<lb/>counted for the firm—he had no power to draw that out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This is a copy of his account—the notary's answer on the face of the bill is "Bank closed for the day; will be attended to"—that was the bill of 15th November, due on the 18th—it was not a pro
<lb/>missory note if it was drawn on 15th November "fixed;" it was due on the 18th—if the word "fixed" was there it would have been due on the 15th—they have kept an account at the bank since January 26, 1878.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The account was closed by the transfer of the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to the trustee in bankruptcy on May 1.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-77" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-77" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HILL</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Jones, of 26, Long Acre—this cheque for 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. is signed by him—this entry of watches from Roth and Co., bought for 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., in the books is in my writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not here on 6th and 7th August—I know of two transactions with Roth and Co. for pledged goods, but these watches were not pledged, because they were put into stock, and we sold-them—them were four or five dozen gold watches on our order—I did not see the person who put them into Mr. Jones's possession, because he took out a blank cheque in his pocket, and told me afterwards that he had bought these watched, and they were stopped off—there were a large quantity of watches from Dobree's, which we have now, and we wrote outside them—we advanced 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd on watches from Dobree's, and took them out, and we are holding them now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mr. Jones gave Dobree's a cheque for the watches, and brought them away—I do not know who pawned them.</p>
<p>----
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELLIS</hi>. The prisoner pawned some watches with me in June, 1879; before I took them in I called at Roth's to make inquiries—I advanced 830
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. altogether to the prisoner—some watches were afterwards taken by Jones and Sons which I had from Casper, but I cannot say whether they were some of these—I never received any directions.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was present at the last trial at the defendant's request—the prosecution have not been to me since asking me what I can prove—when Casper came to give me his card—I am almost certain he came first in June; he had a parcel of watches, and I took them in, and gave him the money—he showed me Roth and Co.'s invoice, and my impression was that I was taking them from them—I only saw Shaffler—I only went to Roth and Co. on that one occasion; there was another person there, but I cannot recognise him—I was not called at the last trial—it is usual for me to make inquiries—Jones paid me back my money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The watches were transferred from Dobree to Jones—I cannot say the date; pledges run out at three and six months for these large amounts.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-78" type="surname" value="CHILD"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-78" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CHILD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). I had a warrant for the prisoner, dated 28th November, 1879; it was first in Hancock's hands, who could not find him—I arrested him on 23rd June this year.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-479-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-479-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-479-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY Recommended to mercy by the Jury. </rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-479-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-479-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-479-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-479-18800913 t18800913-479-punishment-15"/>Fifteen Month's Imprison
<lb/>ment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130019"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, Sept.</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1980.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lindley.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-480">
<interp inst="t18800913-480" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-480" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-480-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-480-18800913 t18800913-480-offence-1 t18800913-480-verdict-1"/>
<p>480.
<persName id="def1-480-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-480-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-480-18800913" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-480-18800913" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-480-18800913" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WILLIAM BARKER</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-480-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-480-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-480-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> was charged on the Coroner's Inquisition only with feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18800913-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-80" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-80" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-80" type="given" value="ANN ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-480-offence-1 t18800913-name-80"/>Ann Eliza Barker</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-480-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-480-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-480-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-481">
<interp inst="t18800913-481" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-481" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-481-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-481-18800913 t18800913-481-offence-1 t18800913-481-verdict-1"/>
<p>481.
<persName id="def1-481-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-481-18800913" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-481-18800913" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-481-18800913" type="surname" value="BULL"/>
<interp inst="def1-481-18800913" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH ANN BULL</hi> (32)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18800913-481-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-481-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-481-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for and charged on Coroner's Inquisition with the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18800913-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-82" type="surname" value="BULL"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-82" type="given" value="FLORENCE KATE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-481-offence-1 t18800913-name-82"/>Florence Kate Bull</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-83" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-83" type="surname" value="POLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-83" type="given" value="MESSES"/>MESSES. POLAND</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILDEY WRIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-84" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-84" type="surname" value="GOUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-84" type="given" value="SARAH ELIZABETH"/>SARAH ELIZABETH GOUGH</persName> </hi>. I now live at 196, Goldhawk Road, Shep
<lb/>herd's Bush—on 11th March I went to lodge in the same house with the prisoner at 9, Rendle Street—she had three children; two boys and a little girl—I occupied a bedroom and sitting-room on the first floor—the girl was about a year and seven months old—the prisoner always complained of being drowsy and having headaches the latter part of the time—on Monday morn
<lb/>ing, 19th July, at 9 o'clock, she brought up my breakfast as usual, but she did not speak—she opened the door suddenly a second time, and said "Have I brought you your hot water?"—about 9.45 she opened the door again, and aid "I am going to lie down, and I have put baby to sleep"—she shut the door very quickly, and I never saw her again till I saw her at the Court—I did not hear the child cry that morning as it always did when she bathed it—Dr. Knockhold, her medical attendant, came to see her about 11.30—I thought the prisoner was out as her bedroom door was locked, and he left—the prisoner and her husband lived on very affectionate terms, as loving a couple as could he.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> She behaved most kindly to the child, made ite clothes, and did everything for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-85" type="surname" value="JENNISON"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-85" type="given" value="EDWARD RYAN"/>EDWARD RYAN JENNISON</persName> </hi>. I am an M.D. and surgeon, at 9, Keith Terrace, Shepherd's Bush—about 1 o'clock on 19th July I was called by the prisoner's husband to his house—I went into the back room, and found the prisoner lying on her back on the bed; I undid her dress, and found a thick silk handkerchief tied tightly round her throat; it was brought twice round with one knot in front, as if intended to commit suicide—she was in a state of insensibility and strangulation—after removing the handkerchief she breathed more freely, and in a few moments I and the husband went into the room below, and there found the child dead in a bath, and water in the bath—it appeared to have been dead about an hour or an hour and a half—it was about nine months old; it was naked—there were marks on the left arm, as if it had been held under water—I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination—the cause of death was suffocation by drowning—the prisoner was quite insensible—I had attended her in the previous November, she then showed symptoms of mental derangement—the last time I saw her was on 15th December—she then said she could not bear to be left alone, and that she would make away with herself—I recommended that she should be well looked after, and put under some kind of restraint—I was of opinion that she was not in a right state of mind.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I recommended that she should have a cheerful com
<lb/>panion constantly with her, to take charge of her—I don't know whether that was done; if it had been I did not anticipate any danger—her conduct</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130020"/>
<p>to her children was most kind and attentive, particularly to the deceased child—I do not think on this occasion that she was responsible for her actions.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-86" type="surname" value="KNOCKHOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-86" type="given" value="WILLIAM STEPHEN"/>WILLIAM STEPHEN KNOCKHOLD</persName> </hi>. I am a medical practitioner, of 112, Goldhawk Road, Hammersmith—five days days before 19th July I attended the prisoner for mental depression—I knew her since February, and had seen her constantly—she appeared very desponding—in my opinion she was not accountable for this act at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-87" type="surname" value="GIBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-87" type="given" value="JOHN ROWLAND"/>JOHN ROWLAND GIBSON</persName> </hi>. I am surgeon to Her Majesty's Gaol of New
<lb/>gate, and have been so upwards of 25 years—I have had considerable ex
<lb/>perience in testing prisoners with a view of ascertaining their state of mind—I have had the prisoner under my care since her committal—in my opinion she is not of sound mind, not accountable for her actions.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-481-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-481-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-481-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="nonComposMentis"/>NOT GUILTY
<hi rend="italic">on the ground of insanity.—</hi> </rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-481-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-481-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-481-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-481-18800913 t18800913-481-punishment-16"/>To be detained during Her Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-482">
<interp inst="t18800913-482" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-482" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-482-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-482-18800913 t18800913-482-offence-1 t18800913-482-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-482-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-482-18800913 t18800913-482-offence-1 t18800913-482-verdict-1"/>
<p>482.
<persName id="def1-482-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-482-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-482-18800913" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-482-18800913" type="surname" value="MUDGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-482-18800913" type="given" value="EDWARD GLYN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD GLYN MUDGE</hi> (33)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-482-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-482-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-482-18800913" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-482-18800913" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="def2-482-18800913" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK MASON</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-482-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-482-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-482-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/> (
<hi rend="italic">a soldier</hi>), B—g—y.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Mudge.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-482-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-482-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-482-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY of the attempt—</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-482-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-482-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-482-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-482-18800913 t18800913-482-punishment-17"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-482-18800913 t18800913-482-punishment-17"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-483">
<interp inst="t18800913-483" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-483" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-483-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-483-18800913 t18800913-483-offence-1 t18800913-483-verdict-1"/>
<p>483.
<persName id="def1-483-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-483-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-483-18800913" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-483-18800913" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-483-18800913" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS EDWARDS</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-483-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-483-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-483-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>, Feloniously sending to
<persName id="t18800913-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-91" type="surname" value="EADES"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-91" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-483-offence-1 t18800913-name-91"/>Archibald Eades</persName> a letter demanding money, without any reasonable or probable cause.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOGHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-92" type="surname" value="EADES"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-92" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>ARCHIBALD EADES</persName> </hi>. I live at 18, Old Bond Street—I am the care-taker of the premises—the prisoner was employed there as a porter last January—he left in the early part of the year—I am acquainted with his hand
<lb/>writing—I have received letters from him since he left—I received this letter by post, it is in the prisoner's handwriting—the envelope is dated 9th August. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "80, Howland Street. Dear Sir,—I write to tell you that you must send me the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. that I asked you for, and if you have not got it you must borrow it for me, as I want to leave England on Saturday. If you don't send it to me you will be sorry for it; not for my sake, but your own, and your character. If I don't have it on Wednesday morning at my lodging, in two 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, you can send them to the place. If you do, you shall have the money back in a short time; if you don't, you had better look out, for I know more than you think I do; so I hope you will send and get it for me, for I know you can, so don't write and tell me you can't, for I will have none. If I don't have the money on Wednesday morning you know what to expect. I won't write and ask you again. I hope you will send it, if you don't want to be exposed. Send it to Mr. Thomas J. Edwards, 17, Howland Street. I will never ask you again for anything, so don't forget what I say. Send it soon here, if you can, and I will not forget you.—Yours, Thos. Edwards.") I communicated with the police the following day—it appears to me a threatening letter—I did not put any particular construction upon it—I did not understand it as threatening anything in particular, because I know there is nothing that he could—I have other letters that I should like to call attention to.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-93" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-93" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL BROWN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi>). At 9.30 in the evening of 12th August, from information I received, I went to 17, Howland Street, Totten
<lb/>ham Court Road—I saw the prisoner there—I told him I had a warrant</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130021"/>
<p>for his apprehension—he said "What for?"—I read the warrant to him—it is for feloniously sending a letter to Mr. Eades, demanding 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said "I was going away to sea, and wanted 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I have had 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from Mr. Eades"—I said "What for?" he said "Oh, I have been in his private room with him, and he took a liberty with me"—I asked him what he meant by a liberty—he said "He has taken my trousers down"—I took him to the station, and found in his pocket this letter, addressed to the prosecutor—I have not got the envelope here, it was given to the Magistrate with the letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Aug. 10, 1880. Howland Street, London. Dear Sir,—I write this note to ask you if you have been so kind as to get it for me. If you have not got it for me then I will send a party for it at tea-time, for I hope you will get it and give it to the party, as I shall not be able to see you, as I have got a ship and will be going soon, so this is the last time I shall write and ask you for it If you don't like to lend 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>, perhaps you do not mind my tell a certain party what I know, as two party want to know what I want to call to see you for; but I told them mind their own business. You know if I am right I told them if it was once told it would be all over the shop before night I hope you will send it, and I will pay you back and say nothing to the parties, as I said nothing what it was you are going to send to me; so if you have not got it now he will call at 5 o'clock in the evening. This is the last time. If I don't get it you can post. If you send it I will write as before, and say nothing.—From yours truly, Thos. Jno. Edwards. I shall be out all day, but I shall see him to-night. Send it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "What I wrote was when I was in drink."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner handed in a paper asking for mercy, and stating that he was drunk at the time he wrote the letters, and did not know what he was writing.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-94" type="surname" value="EADES"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-94" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>ARCHIBALD EADES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The prisoner had had 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from me before—there is a letter which will explain it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-483-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-483-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-483-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-483-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-483-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-483-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-483-18800913 t18800913-483-punishment-18"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>,</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 15, 1880.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Stephen.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-484">
<interp inst="t18800913-484" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-484" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-484-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-484-18800913 t18800913-484-offence-1 t18800913-484-verdict-1"/>
<p>484.
<persName id="def1-484-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-484-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-484-18800913" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-484-18800913" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-484-18800913" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY PERRY</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-484-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-484-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-484-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18800913-name-96" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-96" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-96" type="given" value="CLARENCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-484-offence-1 t18800913-name-96"/>Clarence Lewis</persName>, and stealing two orders for the payment of money, and 97
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in money, the property of
<persName id="t18800913-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-97" type="surname" value="MARRIAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-97" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-484-offence-1 t18800913-name-97"/>James Marriage</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. J. P. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-98" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-98" type="given" value="CLARENCE"/>CLARENCE LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I am 18 years old, and am apprenticed to Mr. Bar
<lb/>ham, of the firm of Barham and Marriage, Grocers, of 14, Aldgate, and 70, High Street, Kensington—I was employed at the Aldgate shop, and on Saturday, 21st August, I was sent to Kensington to get the money from that shop—I got there about 9.30, and saw a parcel made up by the manager—it contained a cheque for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>, another for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>, and 97
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in cash—the silver was put in a bag, and the gold and notes were put into a bag again, wrapped up into one parcel, tied up, and given to me to take to 14, Aldgate—I put it in my left-hand trousers pocket, and went to High Street, Kensington, station—I had got a third-class return ticket—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130022"/>
<p>prisoner was at the booking-office door, and tried to catch hold of my arm—as I was in a hurry I passed him, and said "I should think you are cracked," and ran down to catch the train—I looked back, and saw the prisoner having his ticket clipped—he came down to me on the platform, and said "Don't you know me?"—I said "No"—he said "I am Perry, of Aldgate; I thought you were too proud to speak to me"—I said "No, I did not know you"—I then recognised him, having seen him at my em
<lb/>ployer's behind the counter—he asked me what ticket I had, and said "I am going first, will you go with me? I will pay the fare," and we both got into a first-class carriage—when the train started he looked over into the other compartment, laughed, and said that there were some girls there—we travelled on alone, and after we had passed one or two stations he asked me if I had ever heard about zoedone—I said that I thought I had seen the advertisement—he said "This is a sample, taste it; don't take more than half"—the bottle was full—it was like this (
<hi rend="italic">a one-ounce bottle</hi>)—there was no label on it—I put it to my lips, and took about one-eighth of it, and it effervesced to my nose and nearly choked me; it also made me feel sleepy—he then put some on a handkerchief, put it to my nose, and asked me to smell it—I did so—he saw me making wry faces, and asked me if I would have some port wine to take the taste out of my mouth, but he did not produce any—I said "I would rather not"—after that the train stopped, and a lady came in—that was, I think, the station before King's Cross—the lady got out at King's Cross, and we two were alone again—after the train left King's Cross the prisoner looked out at the window for some time, and said there were some green and blue lights, and asked me to look at them—I said that I did not want to—that was in a tunnel—I fancied I saw him turn round, and I turned round too, and saw something go up in the air, and felt a hard blow on the top of my head—I rolled on the floor of the carriage, and was senseless for a moment—he continued to hit me on my head—I tried to get up; he knocked me down again with the stick—he had knocked my hat off with the first blow—I tried to trip him up and to kick him, but he got farther from me, and continued to hit me with the stick, and as the train was stopping he knelt on my chest and gagged me with his hand—I pushed his hand away and called "Murder—thieves," twice—he throttled me by putting his hand across my throat, so that I could hardly breathe—I was on the floor of the carriage when the train arrived at Farringdon Street—I kicked, but could not attract people's attention—when the train started he hit me with the Stick again, and then he put it down and said "Where is the money?"—I said "I shan't tell you"—he searched my coat-tail pockets, and at last found the parcel in my left-hand trousers pocket, and I said "Take it, take it," thinking he would leave me alone—he took it out and put it on the seat, and commenced hit
<lb/>ting me over the head again—I put my hands up to protect my head, and then saw him open the carriage door nearest the platform—he caught hold of my legs and cried "Come on, come on," but I caught hold of the leg of the seat and said "Don't pull me out, you will kill me"—he said "Come on, come on," and pulled my legs towards the door, but did not succeed in pulling me out, as I put my arm round the leg of the seat—he gave it up as a bad attempt, and began hitting me about the head again, but I put my head under the seat, and he hit me about the shoulders—the rail between Farringdon Street and Aldersgate Station is, I believe, underground—I was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130023"/>
<p>still under the seat when the train arrived at Aldersgate Street—I felt that it was stopping; everything was quiet, and I put my head out and found that the prisoner was gone—I looked out, and saw him walking towards the tail end of the train, the wrong way—I went after him, put my hand oft his shoulder, and said "Stow that man; he has stolen nearly 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from me, and knocked me about with a stick"—Mr. Bell took hold of him and held him till an inspector came up—I was very much injured, and bleeding from my head—my hands were swollen—I saw him with the stick when he got into the carriage, and when he was on the platform he had the stick in one hand, and the parcel of money in the other—I had also in my pocket a brass padlock and these sleeve-links (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—they were loose, but I do not think they were broken—I also had a sovereign and a half-sovereign loose, but I Only found 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in my pocket at the hospital—in taking the parcel from my pocket he turned the lining inside out—I was in the hospital 10 days, and am still an out-patient.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I Said "I think you must foe cracked," because not knowing him I thought he was playing some game with me; nothing beyond that—the train was moderately full—it was hot the last train—the carriage only Went half-way up, so that by getting up you could see into the other compartment—I did not near any body there—the small bottle was brought out before we got to Gower Street—the prisoner said that He used to take some of it in a glass of water, but he did hot say it was to stop diarrhcea or to Stop pain, simply as a drink—he did hot say that he took port wine and something else to stop pain—When he addressed me he asked if Emmott was coming—he is another assistant—he said that he wanted to speak to him about something—he did not say what—I said "If you will me what it is I will tell him to-night"—I think it was something about having a horse and trap hired—I was made Very sleepy by what I drank from the small bottle, but I managed to keep my senses—I sat with my back to the engine, next to the prisoner, who was next to the door on the alighting platform side—I think there is a bar across the window in the third-class carriages, but I do hot know whether there is in the first—he did not put his head far out, but so that he could see down the line—the stick was in his hand when he was looking out at the window—my hat was on—it was a hard brown felt hat—I was then at the other end of the carriage, not next to him—there was a gaslight in the carriage—I thought he was coming to sit down again when I saw something in the air—I have not got my hat now—I was without it when I alighted at Aldersgate Street—I have never seen it since—he Struck it right in the middle of the crown—it was rather low—I did not notice when it fell off—I was rendered insensible for an instant—I could have alighted at King's Cross after smelling the bottle, put I did not know what he was going to do—I thought he was playing a trick on me—he seemed to me to look out at the window for about two minutes, but I may be wrong—a number of people got but at Farringdon Street—I was on the ground, and he Was kneeling on my chest, out I could see them passing the window, and I called out "Murder!" and "Thieves!" twice—he was kneeling on my chest while the train was standing still in Farringdon Street—I am sure he opened the carriage door—it was the door nearest the brick arch of the tunnel, the door nearest to where we got in—he had taken the money before that—I did hot see him get out, because my head was under the seat about the middle of the carriage, but I was hot in a state to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130024"/>
<p>see anything—I had the parcel in my hand at Kensington Station, and he wanted to know what was in it—I had told him that I came for the cash instead of Emmott—I am sure he did not say "Come on, give me the money" when he opened the door—he had the money before that, and he tried to pull me out of the carriage—he did not say "Come on" at the time he took the money—he said "Where is the money?"—it was in the tunnel that the door was opened, not just as you run into the station when the platform enlarges—it was some time before we got into the station that he opened the door—I am sure it was right in the middle of the tunnel.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-99" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-99" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BELL</persName> </hi>. I am a bricklayer of 37, Fernley Road, Balham—on Saturday night, 21st August, I was in the train going from King's Cross to Aldersgate Street—the train arrived there about 11.15 or 11.20—when I got out I saw the prisoner run along the platform—Lewis followed him, and said "Stop that man, he has stolen my money"—the prisoner had a paper parcel in one hand, and a stick in the other—my brother stopped him—he made same little resistance, and I helped my brother to hold him—Lewis said that the prisoner had robbed him, and stolen over 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from him—the prisoner said "No, I have not, it is my own money, and you must let me go; I know him, he is an old friend of mine," referring to Lewis—I saw him put the parcel behind him, and I told somebody to watch him to see that he did not pass it, and he either put it in his pocket or under his coat—he was taken in custody—I did not see what he did with the stick.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-100" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-100" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BELL</persName> </hi>. I was at Aldersgate Street Station with my brother on 21st August—I took the prisoner first, and my brother assisted me to hold him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-101" type="surname" value="HEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-101" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HEARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I am stationed at Aldersgate Street—on Saturday, 21st August, a train came in about 11.6 p.m., and after it had left I saw a crowd on the platform—I went up and saw Lewis bleeding from his head—the prisoner was there with blood on his hands, back and front—he had a paper parcel—I said "What have you got there?"—he said "That is the man; he is a friend of mine; all right, I know him well," referring to Lewis—he had no stick then—I took him upstairs—the station inspector came, and Eve, a constable—the prisoner's parcel was passed to Eve, but I cannot say by whom—the prisoner said "That belongs to that man," pointing to Lewis.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There is a bar across some first-class carriages, and others not—it is possible to open a carriage door on the platform side in the tunnel in some portions, but in others it is not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> You can open the door to some extent in any part of the tunnel between Farringdon Street and Aldersgate Street—that is all tunnel, and between King's Cross and Farringdon Street there is a long tunnel; some parts are open, but not much—the train had only just gone when I saw the crowd.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-102" type="surname" value="STICKLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-102" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR STICKLEY</persName> </hi>. I am inspector at Aldersgate Street Station—on 21st August, just as the 11.6 train had left, I heard somebody call out—I ran across the line, and saw a person holding Lewis's arm, supporting him, and blood was running down his face—the prisoner was about two yards away and I think Bell had hold of him—I said to Lewis "How did you come by this?"—he said "That man did it," pointing to the prisoner; he tried to give me poison or laudanum first, and then he tried to chloroform me, and after that he tried to murder me by beating me on the head with a stick</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130025"/>
<p>and he has robbed me of over 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.," and that it took place in a first-class carriage—I said to the prosecutor "Do you know him?"—he said "No"—the prisoner said "Yes, you do; we are friends, and you know me; I have not robbed you; that is my own money"—I said "Are you sure you don't how him?"—he said "Well, he might have lived against me"—Lewis appeared very ill, and as if he could not stand—I said "Are you very ill?"—he said "Yes, I am very ill and weak"—the prisoner said "It is all right; I did not do it"—I said "How do you account for his being in that state?"—he said "He must have fallen down and done it himself coming along"—I said to Lewis "Were you by yourselves, or was anybody with you?"—he said "Yes, we were in a first-class carriage by our two selves"—the prisoner said "You must let me go, as I have not touched him"—I said "That will not be sufficient for me; I shall send for the police," which I did, and Eve came—I gave the prisoner in custody—I think I saw the prisoner give Eve a parcel, saying "That belongs to him," pointing to Lewis.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-103" type="surname" value="EVE"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-103" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH EVE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 357). About 11.20 p.m. on 21st August I was called to Aldersgate Street Station, and saw Lewis bleeding from his head—he said "This man has beaten me and robbed me of over 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—the prisoner was being held by Bell and a railway policeman—I told him the charge—he said "Very well," and handed me a paper parcel, saying "That belongs to that man," pointing to Lewis—I took it, and afterwards opened it—it contained a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque, a 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque, seven 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, 58
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in gold, and 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver and bronze—the prisoner's hands were smeared with blood—I searched him at the police-station, and noticed a stain of blood on his coat, which went through to his shirt sleeve; also a stain of blood about the centre of his shirt—I found two bottles on him, and a second class ticket from Kensington High Street to Bishopsgate Street, a handkerchief with blood stains on it, some duplicates, and 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in money—the charge was read over to him, and he said "I did not do it"—after he was locked up I asked him what the bottles contained—he said that the smaller one was zoedone, which was taken in water to make people deep, and the other was port wine and laudanum, which was taken for diarrhoea—I handed the two bottles to Float—I then went back to the station, searched the arrival platform, and found this stick standing up at the farther end behind an advertisement board—there was some blood on the knob, and one or two hairs—the blood was scarcely dry—it is a vine, I think—I went directly afterwards to the Mansion House Railway Station and saw a first-class carriage; that was about 1 o'clock; there was plenty of time for the train to have gone back—I found in it this part of a sleeve link—the carriage was a pool of blood; there was blood on the door, and the cushions were smeared with blood by fingers—the mat was stained with blood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-104" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-104" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS WATSON</persName> </hi>. I am a railway porter at Aldersgate Station—before the 11.6 train went off my attention was drawn to a first-class compartment, and I got in and picked up two composite candles loose, not in paper—they had not been used, and were on the floor close to the door—I also picked up a sovereign, a penny, a small brass padlock, and a sleeve-link—the off-side door was stained with wet blood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-105" type="surname" value="FLOAT"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-105" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FLOAT</persName> </hi>. Eve gave me these two bottles on the morning of August 22, and I delivered them to Mr. Hayner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-106" type="surname" value="HAYNER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-106" type="given" value="OTTO"/>OTTO HAYNER</persName> </hi>. I am a Fellow of the Chemical Society—I received these</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130026"/>
<p>two bottles from Float and analysed them—one contains pure chloroforms which, if inhaled or put in a handkerchief and put to a person's nose, Would send them to sleep, and if taken internally it might produce insensibility—it has a burning taste—the other bottle contains port wine mixed with laudanum—there is sufficient laudanum to produce insensibility if a con
<lb/>siderable portion was drunk—it contained about two drachms of landanum; that would be suitable for diarrhea if taken in small quantities.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-107" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-107" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRIFFITHS</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon of St. Bartholomew's Hospital—Lewis was brought there on Saturday night, 21st August, partially insensible, and bleeding from five or six cuts on the top of his head at the back part, such as would be inflicted by a stick of this description—the injuries were not very serious—the backs of his hands were swollen and bruited—he is not quite well yet—clean-cut wounds on the head heal quickly, but not wounds like that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They were not deep or large.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-108" type="surname" value="TRENCHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-108" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK TRENCHARD</persName> </hi>. I am manager at the Kensington shop of Bar
<lb/>ham and Marriage—I have been in the habit of giving the money to the apprentices who came on Saturdays—I have given it to Lewis and also to Emmott—on 21st August Lewis came and I gave him two cheques and the notes and gold—he left the shop quite Well about 10.30—the prisoner had boon in the service—I have seen him at our branch two or three times.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-109" type="surname" value="MARRIAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-109" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MARRIAGE</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, of 14, Aldgate—the prisoner was in my Service from 15th April, 1879, to 8th May, 1880—while he was in my service I was in the habit of sending one of the apprentices from Aldgate to Kensington on Saturday nights to get the money—I was waiting for Lewis to return on this night—Emmott had gone before that, but only for two Weeks—Emmott was With me when the prisoner was in my service.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had every reason to be satisfied with the prisoner as far as his duties in the shop were concerned—I hear that hid mother is respectable; he has no father—the money was occasionally brought on Monday when I was away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When he left me he did not go into any employment that I am aware of; he has not applied for a reference.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-484-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-484-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-484-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-484-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-484-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-484-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-484-18800913 t18800913-484-punishment-19"/>Thirty Lashes with the Cat,</rs>and
<rs id="t18800913-484-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-484-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-484-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-484-18800913 t18800913-484-punishment-20"/>Twenty Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-485">
<interp inst="t18800913-485" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-485" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-485-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-485-18800913 t18800913-485-offence-1 t18800913-485-verdict-"/>
<p>485.
<persName id="def1-485-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-485-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-485-18800913" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-485-18800913" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-485-18800913" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL COLLINS</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-485-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-485-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-485-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously cutting and Wounding
<persName id="t18800913-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-111" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-111" type="surname" value="WALL"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-111" type="given" value="JULIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-485-offence-1 t18800913-name-111"/>Julis Wall</persName>, With intent to murder her.</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18800913-485-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-485-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-485-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="unfitToPlead"/>
<hi rend="italic">Upon the evidence of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JOHN ROWLAND GIBAON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">surgeon of Newgate, the Jury found the prisoner of unsound mind and unfit to plead.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-485-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-485-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-485-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-485-18800913 t18800913-485-punishment-21"/>To be detained during Her Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1880.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-486">
<interp inst="t18800913-486" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-486" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-486-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-486-18800913 t18800913-486-offence-1 t18800913-486-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-486-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-486-18800913 t18800913-486-offence-2 t18800913-486-verdict-1"/>
<p>486.
<persName id="def1-486-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-486-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-486-18800913" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-486-18800913" type="surname" value="YEATS"/>
<interp inst="def1-486-18800913" type="given" value="JOSEPH RAYBORN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH RAYBORN YEATS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-486-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-486-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-486-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-486-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-486-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-486-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to forging and uttering a transfer of a share in the capital stock of the
<persName id="t18800913-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-113" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-486-offence-1 t18800913-name-113"/>East Indian Railway Company</persName> and an order for the payment of 4,596
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. </rs>; also
<rs id="t18800913-486-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-486-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-486-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging endorsement.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the prosecution on account of great temptation.—
<rs id="t18800913-486-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-486-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-486-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-486-18800913 t18800913-486-punishment-22"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-487">
<interp inst="t18800913-487" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-487" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-487-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-487-18800913 t18800913-487-offence-1 t18800913-487-verdict-1"/>
<p>487.
<persName id="def1-487-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-487-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-487-18800913" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-487-18800913" type="surname" value="OVENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-487-18800913" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES OVENS</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-487-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-487-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-487-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/> to unlawfully writing and publishing a libel concerning
<persName id="t18800913-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-115" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-115" type="surname" value="RIDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-115" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-487-offence-1 t18800913-name-115"/>Edith Ridley</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18800913-487-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-487-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-487-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130027"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-487-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-487-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-487-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-487-18800913 t18800913-487-punishment-23"/>To enter into his men recognisances in appear for judgment when called upon.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-488">
<interp inst="t18800913-488" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-488" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-488-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-488-18800913 t18800913-488-offence-1 t18800913-488-verdict-1"/>
<p>488.
<persName id="def1-488-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-488-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-488-18800913" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-488-18800913" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-488-18800913" type="given" value="EGBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EGBERT BROWN</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-488-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-488-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-488-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18800913-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-117" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-117" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-117" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-488-offence-1 t18800913-name-117"/>Eliza Walters</persName>, and stealing a locket from her person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MACRAE MOIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-118" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-118" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA WALTERS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Walters, a gas inspectter, and live at 17, Bloomfield Street, Dalston—about 11.30 of 11.45 p.m. on 13th August, when I was close to my home, returning from a short walk, the prisoner was standing opposite the Fox public-house at the corner of the street—he followed me, and three doors from my own he said, "Is this Bloomfield Street or East?"—I said, "This is South Bloomfield Street, that is East," and pointing to it—he said, "Give me your Money"—I said "I have no money"—he said, "I'll murder yon, I'll murder you"—I said, "Oh, indeed"—he put his fingers in the neck of my jacket, stole my jet locket, and struck me a violent blow on the side of my head with his fist—the blow knocked me down—he ran away—I was sensible enough to get up—I ran after him—I next saw a policeman capture him—I did not see any other man—I am sure the prisoner is the man that knocked me down and that the policeman captured—I missed the locket directly he put his fingers to my throat—it was safe before I saw the prisoner—I have not seen it since—I suffered from the blow very severely—three bones were hurt, but not broken.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I am not mistaken.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-119" type="surname" value="DURRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-119" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DURRANT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 64). About 11.45 p.m. on 13th August I was on duty near Bloomfield Street—I heard cries of "Police" and "Murder"—I went in the direction of the cries—I saw the prisoner and another man running away out of Bloomfield Street in the opposite direction to which I was going—I was then in the Middleton Road—the prosecutrix was running after the prisoner—I caught him—I said, "What have you been doing?"—he said, "Nothing, it was my chum who did it"—the prosecutrix then came up and gave the prisoner into custody—the other man got away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "Me and my mate came from the Britannia Theatre, and at 11.45 he left me at the Fox Tavern, saying he was going to see some one he knew in Bloomfield Street I stood at the corner, and in five minutes he came back and said, 'A woman has fallen in a fit, run,' and I ran, and the policeman caught me."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner repeated this defence, and added that he wished Chat field, who did it, could be brought to justice.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-120" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-120" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-120" type="given" value="EUIZA"/>EUIZA WALTERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). There is a gas-lamp opposite our door—I saw the prisoner's face quite clearly, and I could identify him by his ear
<lb/>rings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-121" type="surname" value="DURRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-121" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DURRANT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The other man was about the same size as the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-488-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-488-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-488-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>GUILTY of assault and attempt to rob. </rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Durrant stated that the prisoner's employer gave him a good fifteen-months' character.—
<rs id="t18800913-488-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-488-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-488-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-488-18800913 t18800913-488-punishment-24"/>Twelve Months' Im
<lb/>prisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130028"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, Sept.</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1880.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-489">
<interp inst="t18800913-489" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-489" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-489-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-489-18800913 t18800913-489-offence-1 t18800913-489-verdict-1"/>
<p>489.
<persName id="def1-489-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-489-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-489-18800913" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-489-18800913" type="surname" value="PURCELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-489-18800913" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES PURCELL</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-489-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-489-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-489-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a watch of
<persName id="t18800913-name-123" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-123" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-123" type="surname" value="ROSAN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-123" type="given" value="GEROME"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-489-offence-1 t18800913-name-123"/>Gerome Rosan</persName> from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CROOME</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-124" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-124" type="surname" value="ROSAN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-124" type="given" value="GEROME"/>GEROME ROSAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I live at 19, Holborn Hill, and am a cabinetmaker—at about 10 p.m. on the 27th August I wag in the Minories, where I saw the prisoner with two others, one of whom spoke French—I was talking to the person for two or three minutes when the prisoner took the watch from my waistcoat pocket and ran away; I ran after him, and caught him, and detained him till a policeman came—when he ran away he gave me back the case of the watch; it has two cases—he threw the case at my feet—I did not see what he did with the watch itself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-125" type="surname" value="HEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-125" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD HEAD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 773). I was in the Minories at about 9.30 on the night in question, when I saw the prosecutor holding the prisoner; they were struggling together, and I went up—the prosecutor showed me his chain, and made a motion to cause me to understand he had been robbed of this watch—I searched the prisoner, and said I should take him into custody—I found no watch on him—the prosecutor gave me this case (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is an outer case; not gold or silver—it is for the pro
<lb/>tection of the watch—I took the prisoner to the Seething Lane Station—he said he was innocent—he was perfectly sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I know nothing more about this than Almighty God himself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-489-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-489-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-489-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to having been convicted of felony on the</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th March</hi>, 1878,
<hi rend="italic">in this Court.—
<rs id="t18800913-489-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-489-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-489-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-489-18800913 t18800913-489-punishment-25"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, Sept.</hi> 15,
<hi rend="italic">and Friday, Sept.</hi> 16,1880.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Stephen.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-490">
<interp inst="t18800913-490" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-490" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-490-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-490-18800913 t18800913-490-offence-1 t18800913-490-verdict-1"/>
<p>490.
<persName id="def1-490-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-490-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-490-18800913" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-490-18800913" type="surname" value="DONOVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-490-18800913" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES DONOVAN</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-490-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-490-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-490-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/>, Feloniously sending to the
<persName id="t18800913-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-127" type="surname" value="BROWNE"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-127" type="given" value="ORANMORE AND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-490-offence-1 t18800913-name-127"/>Right Honourable Geoffrey Dominick Augustus Frederick Baron Oranmore and Browne</persName> a letter threatening to kill and murder him.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FILLAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-128" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-128" type="surname" value="BROWNE"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-128" type="given" value="ORANMORE AND"/>LORD ORANMORE AND BROWNE</persName> </hi>. I live at 28, Queen's Gate, Kensington—on 12th June I wrote a letter to the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi>, which appeared in the issue of the 13th—I appended my name and address to the letter—I subsequently wrote another letter, which appeared in the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi> of 17th August—I received this letter marked
<hi rend="italic">B</hi> in the envelope marked
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> on 15th June—I also received in this envelope (
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>) this letter (
<hi rend="italic">F</hi>), also this letter (
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>), also this letter of 25th June (
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>), also this envelope (
<hi rend="italic">J</hi>), and this letter (
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>), dated 25th June—I received this envelope (
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>) with the post-mark of 17th August, containing this letter (
<hi rend="italic">D</hi>)—
<hi rend="italic">The letters were read as follows:—(B.</hi> "A Tipperary man. Ireland. Jn. 13. Take Notice Lord Oranmore of this letter though little you may think of it, you have raised your Bloody Orange Tongue again but this will be your last—
<hi rend="italic">once</hi> more you are trying to injure Irish Tenants but beware by night and by day you will be watched until that Orange tongue of yours shall be given to the dogs what you are only fit for—yon know that by this day twelve months there won't be a Land</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130029"/>
<p>Lord left in Ireland but will be shot and you you thick headed orange Bastard you will be the first you know you are a Protestant villain so beware—go where you may your bloody Orange face will be known don't think this is only a threatening letter it will come to pass you know what every informer gets so shall you there are 15,000 Irishmen thirsting for your blood which they soon will have and now I remain the one hope who will have the first shot at you. Rory of the Hills. Remember Lo. Leitrim—a Fenian, down with the Orange."—F "Oranmore read this carefully for beware that this may not be your last letter you will read, you know what your Orange head has brought upon yourself, beware I say in time for there is no chance of your escaping this time for as sure as you are a bloody Orange Bastard you will be very soon laid low like your friend Leitrim was there was people watching you on Friday last to put a bullet through you but unfortunately they could not get the dance but soon will, fly while there is yet time for you know what there is in store for you hes ore no idle threats so look out you know the fate of L. Leitrim. I remain now one of the Queen's Soldiers but a Fenian in hurt and one who hope to see you shot—God save Ireland."—G. "Read this carefully. Lord Oranmore read this so you blood thirsty Orange Dog you son of an informer you are not yet done you villan but you won't escape the bold Fenian men this time you took good care not to show much of yourself on Friday night at Exeter Hall but you Orange Dog your days are numbered this time I shan't waste ft penny in sending you a stap but I remain one who hopes to be your murderer. God save Ireland. Down with the Queen—one of Her Majesty's soldiers."
<hi rend="italic">Addressed</hi> "For Lord Oran-more 20 Queen's Gate, London."—H. "Wellington Barracks Jure 23 1880 to Lord Oranmore My Lord I as an Irishman who never feared a blood thirsty Orange Dog pens those few lines to you giving you a fair warning of what you are about to get long before the 12th of July come round you know what you deserve so therefore look out for your prize you know the present what the present state of Ireland is and how we so calld Loyal Soldiers are only joining her Majesty's service for the sake of Learning Drill the American Fenians as soon as we capture Canada will settle scores with the Orange and English. Believe me you are fast digging your own gave I must conclude now—for the present an Irish Officer. Wellington Barracks."
<hi rend="italic">Addressed</hi> "For His Grace Lord Oranmore etc 28 Queen's Gate S W."—D. "August 17 1880 Lord Oranmore I see you have not as yet taken notice of what your fate is to be a short time ago you had a warning from a man who wished you will but this time you have a one from one who thirsts for your blood you may not notice this if you like but look at the fate of Boyd and Leitrim yet neither of them was a Patch on you but you will receive a ball when you least expect it so Beware. I will not waste time in giving such an Orange Protestant dog further notice. So I remain one who has just returned from your estate and a Fenian—God save Ireland. Down with the Queen.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have taken very great interest in the land question, which is at present agitating the country, and have expressed myself some—what strongly at the action of the present Government, and the Land League, and of Mr. Parnell—in my letter of the 13th June I stated "If a tenant will not or cannot pay rent the only remedy is ejectment"—that is part of what I wrote.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130030"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-129" type="surname" value="TEGGARTM"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-129" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD TEGGARTM</persName> </hi>. I am a registered medical practitioner, of 49, Jermyn Street, St. James's—the prisoner entered my service in January last—I believe he is an Irishman and a Roman Catholic—he had access to the room where I kept my envelopes and paper—all the servants in the house had—I had two female servants, Mrs. Gray, the cook, and Alice Hall, the housemaid—I believe they are Englishwomen—I buy my paper from Webster and Larkin, stationers, of 56, Piccadilly—I had three or four kinds of envelopes, one a thin sort, and some thick; some blue paper, and some white—I had two kinds of note paper, one kind with a plain stamp die, and the other stamped in black, "49, Jermyn Street, S.W."—I gave the police-officer specimens of my paper, and also of some paper in which bottles were wrapped—that was not kept in my consulting room, but in my dis
<lb/>pensary where my medicines are, not on a shelf, I think it was in a drawer—Inspector Butcher called upon me on 21at August, and had some conver
<lb/>sation with me—he showed me these anonymous letters—I did not examine them—they are not written by me—I know nothing of the writing—I have none of the prisoner's writing—I think when he first came to be engaged he wrote his address on a bit of paper, but I have not got it—there was some of his writing on a slate—I showed that to Butcher.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner has been in my service since January—I believe he is abut 19 years of age—his character was very good as far as I knew—I recollect when I came home one night in June I was told that a man was waiting in my consulting room to see me—I went and found that he seemed to be merely wishing to beg, and I sent him away—that was the room in which my paper was kept—it was in an open drawer, and in a case on the writing table—my patients are as. a rule shown into that room—I sometimes see them in another room—I see a good many people—they would usually be placed in the dining-room, next to my consulting-room—they would occasionally be left alone in my consulting-room—I think the man I saw gave the name of Cook—I have never seen him since to my knowledge—on 8th September, after the prisoner's arrest, I received this anonymous letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "Soho Branch, Tuesday. Sir,—Only a few words, about your late boy, to show that he has nothing to do with the letters of June 13th and 14th. I read the letter in the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi>, and came down Duke Street, and saw you go in the carriage. I rang the bell. your boy answered it. I asked to see the doctor; he said 'He is just gone out.' I said 'What time will he be back.' He said 'I will see,' and went into the room. I followed him in and said 'I will leave a note.' I then took from the shelf two sheets of rough paper, one quire of paper out of a drawer on the left-hand side, and four envelopes, and then two sheets of blue paper. Six weeks previous to that I called, about 7 o'clock, but you ordered me out. I gave the name of Cook. Please show this to Inspector Butcher, of Scotland Yard, and tell him to go to the prison and ask if he remembers the man what refused his name. He has nothing to do with it. Please show this at once, as it will set him free. Show it to the expert. It was my doing.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Besides writing materials I have sealing wax in my room—I take in the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi>—the person who came was shown into my con
<lb/>sulting-room—the bottle paper is kept in the dispensary—occasionally a piece of that paper might be in my room, but the rule is that it should be kept in the dispensary—it was the prisoner who told me that the man was waiting to see me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130031"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-130" type="surname" value="LARKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-130" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD LARKIN</persName> </hi>. I am in partnership with Mr. Webster, as stationers, at 56 Piccadilly—I have seen the envelopes marked
<hi rend="italic">A E J</hi> and
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>—they came from our shop—they are the ordinary envelopes we sell—Dr. Teggart is a customer of ours—I produce a die marked "49, Jermyn Street, S. W."—I have looked at the letter marked
<hi rend="italic">D</hi>, where the top has been torn away—there still remains the lower parts of the 4, the 9, and the S. and W.—this appears to be paper that has been stamped with this die, and the measurements correspond—it is the same quality paper that we have supplied to Dr. Teggart, with this die on it—letter
<hi rend="italic">H</hi> is on a different, paper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I could not swear positively that we supplied this piece of piper to Dr. Teggart—I don't think this blue paper came from our shop, or the bottle paper; it is paper that might be used for other purposes besides wrapping up bottles; it is a very common kind of paper—the only piece of paper I can identify as coming from our shop is the one with the remainder of the figures 4, 9, and the letters S. and W.—we supplied paper similar to this (
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>), but I cannot identify it—the envelopes bear our name; we have supplied similar envelopes to Dr. Teggart, and also to a great many other persons—we only sell retail.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-131" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-131" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BUTCHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). Prior to the 18th June I received certain information, and about the 18th I received the envelope
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> and letter
<hi rend="italic">B</hi>—I next received
<hi rend="italic">E</hi> and
<hi rend="italic">F</hi>, and about the same date
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>, and a few days aforwards.
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>, then
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>, with envelope
<hi rend="italic">J</hi>, and, on the 18th August I received letter
<hi rend="italic">D</hi> and, envelope
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>—on the 19th June I had made inquiries at Messrs. Webster and Larkin's—on 21st August I went to 49, Jermyn Street and received several envelopes and sheets of paper from Dr. Teggart, which I produce—I ascertained that the prisoner was footboy there—I saw him and showed to the envelope
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>, and said "Do you know that writing?"—he said "No, I do not"—I then showed him the letter
<hi rend="italic">D</hi>, and said "Do you how that writing?"—he said "No, I do not"—I said "Do you know Lord Oranmore and Browne?"—he said "No, I do not"—I said "Have you any objection to write as I dictate to you on an envelope?"—he said "No, but I am shaking so I don't think I can write"—I said "Well, do your best"—he said "What shall I write?"—I said "As on this envelope;" I produced one which Mr. Teggart supplied me with, and said "Will you write as on this envelope, 'His Grace Lord Oranmore and Browne, 28, Queen's Gate, S.W.'"—this is the envelope (
<hi rend="italic">L</hi>)—he wrote this in my presence, as it now appears—I next saw the two female servants separately, one at a time (the prisoner was not present)—they both wrote—I have what they wrote—after that I again saw the prisoner and said "You are more collected now, will you write again?"—he said "Yes," and he then wrote on this envelope (
<hi rend="italic">M</hi>) with the addition of "Wellington Barracks," at my request—I then left and went to the Hammersmith Police-court and applied for a warrant; that was about 11 o'clock—I returned to Jermyn Street about 3.5—the prisoner was not there—he returned about 11 o'clock—I was in conversation with one of the female servants at the time he came up to the door—I said "I have a warrant for your arrest for writing those letters I spoke to you about this morning"—I read the warrant to him—he said "I never wrote any such letters, I never heard the gentleman's name before; I am quite innocent"—I went with him to his room and found there a parcel with his clothes packed up, and a box containing some letters addressed to him—at the station the charge, was read over to him—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130032"/>
<p>said "I never remember to have heard the name before in all my life"—he subsequently wrote this letter (O) in my presence—I took possession of it; and have kept it ever since. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Sunday, August Alice Please tell Mr. Tegart that I will be much obliged to him if he will be at Hammer, smith tomorrow also tell Mr. O'Connor if it is possible for him to be there—dont let mother know anything for I hope I shall resume my work after tomorrow I should like if you could come here to night and bring me a clean collar as I forgot it also my watch key I hope Mr. nor Mrs. Teggart dont think none the worse of me for I hope to be soon able to clear myself I am very sorry that I should cause such a row at my masters house I would like my late master to know it for I am sure he would attend his address is 51 Lambs Conduit Street Foundling Hospital if my Bother was to know this I should like him to see Mr. Kinder Printer of Milford Lane Strand I sll now conclude with kind regards I remain yours truly James Donovan.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He wished to send to Dr. Teggart's, and I told him he could write, and he wrote that letter—I told him he could send a messenger if he thought proper—I have not asked anybody else to write except the two female servants and the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I found this blotting-paper on a desk in the surgery at Mr. Teggart's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-132" type="surname" value="CHABOT"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-132" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CHABOT</persName> </hi>. I live at 27, Red Lion Square—I have for many years made handwriting a study—I have before me the envelopes and letters that have been produced, and have compared them with letter
<hi rend="italic">O</hi> written by the prisoner, and in my judgment they are all written by the same person; I have not the least doubt of it—on this blotting-paper there is the word "County," and in letter
<hi rend="italic">O</hi> the word "Cook"—the C in each of those words is as nearly as possible identical. (
<hi rend="italic">At the suggestion of the Court the witness marked the letters and words in the various letters to Lord Oranmore which he described as identical with similar letters and words in letter O, and handed them to the Jury for comparison.</hi>) I say that the whole of the letters and envelopes are in the same handwriting.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I remember a case some years ago in which I was employed by the City solicitor, and in which I gave an opinion founded upon the opinion of the City solicitor—when I came to examine the matter for myself I retracted that opinion, and learnt in future never to use my ears, but always my eyes—in the case of Sir Francis Truscott last year I and Mr. Netherclift both gave confident opinions as to the handwriting of a post-card being his, and a person afterwards came forward and swore that he was the writer—I have no doubt in an experience of thirty years I may have made mis
<lb/>takes; I am not infallible—in that same Session I gave a confident opinion in Bingham's case as to a forged cheque—the Jury acquitted him, and he is now wanted for forging another cheque—in the Matlock will case one Jury gave an opinion against me and another Jury afterwards gave an opinion in my favour, and the latter verdict has prevailed—sometimes Mr. Netherclift and I have been called on opposite sides, but very rarely—I have said that I could find quite as many points of difference in handwriting as of similarity, but not in points of any consequence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-133" type="surname" value="POLLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-133" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY POLLARD</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Solicitor's department of the Treasury—I have had charge of this case for the Public Prosecutor—I received yesterday from Mr. Biarley, the prisoner's solicitor, this notice to produce the anonymous letter received by Dr. Teggart, and by him handed to Inspector Butcher. (
<hi rend="italic">This was the letter</hi> O
<hi rend="italic">already read.</hi>)</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130033"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that there was no evidence of the sending of the letters, and that the mere fact of proving the writing was not sufficient. In support of this view</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FILLAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">referred to the case of Reg.</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Jephson</hi>, 2
<hi rend="italic">East, and Reg.</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Howe</hi>, 7
<hi rend="italic">Carrington and Payne, p.</hi> 268.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE STEPHEN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">however, had not the slightest doubt that the evidence was for the Jury.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-134" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-134" type="given" value="SIDNEY ROBERT"/>SIDNEY ROBERT SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am governor of Her Majesty's prison of New-gate, and have held that post for some years—I was previously deputy
<lb/>governor under the late Mr. Jonas—all authorised letters are inspected before leaving the prison—we exercise all possible care to prevent un
<lb/>authorised letters being sent—the letters which are sent out are written on special paper marked "Her Majesty's Prison, Newgate"—when prisoners see their friends a warder is specially appointed to prevent anything being taken in or out—it would be impossible for anything to be passed in or out during a visit by a friend of a prisoner—there is a visiting-place, with two iron gratings, about three feet apart—the prisoner stands on the outer side of the outer grating, and the friends on the inner side of the inner grating, and the warder stands with the friends, or sometimes between the two gratings—I could not tell which warder was told off to watch the prisoner; they vary, they all take their turn—the prisoner's solicitor is the only person who is allowed to see him alone, in a special room.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The solicitor or his clerk would see him every afternoon, not in the presence of a warder—if the warder did his duty a prisoner could not pass a letter out—many attempts have been made to send letters ont without my knowledge, and there have been instances in which those attempts have been successful—if a warder chose, out of kindness, to take a letter and post it of course I could not prevent it—I have known instances in which prisoners have sent out letters by means of other prisoners, and otherwise;. a man who is shortly to be discharged may take out letters for another—there are many ways in which it can be done—I have the visiting-book here—I see on 8th September the prisoner was visited by a friend named Dennis Creedon; on the 7th by Elizabeth Hazell; on the 6th by his sister, Bridget Donovan; on the 4th by his brother John, and on the 3rd by Mary Donovan, his aunt, and on the 1st and 2nd by his sister Bridget—he has also been visited both by his solicitor and his clerk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have never received any complaint, or had reason to doubt the integrity of any of my warders.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. All letters addressed to prisoners are inspected, not all by myself personally—I have not heard of any letters to the prisoner telling him that an anonymous letter had been written to Mr. Teggart.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-135" type="surname" value="BIARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-135" type="given" value="RAPHAEL"/>RAPHAEL BIARLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 8, Serjeants' Inn, Fleet Street, and am acting for the prisoner's defence—I think I visited him three or four times in Newgate—I never received any letter from him, or ever saw him write—my clerk never went with me—I served a notice on the solicitor for the Treasury yesterday morning in Court to produce the anonymous letter (
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi>)—I got the information from Dr. Teggart, which led me to give that notice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe my clerk never visited the prisoner in Newgate—I am nearly positive of it—I did not know the prisoner before—I knew Dr. Teggart; it is through him that I am instructed to defend the prisoner—Dr. Teggart did not communicate with me as to receiving this letter; I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130034"/>
<p>called there to see the housemaid, and he then said if I had called half an hour earlier he would have shown mo an anonymous letter that he had received, which he had handed to Inspector Butcher—I did not go to Butcher to sec it; I did not know the contents of it, except what the doctor told me—he told me more or less of it, not every word; he told me the substance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-136" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-136" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-136" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE HALL</persName> </hi>. I am housemaid to Dr. Teggart—I remember a man calling at Dr. Teggart's, but I don't know in what month it was; it was in the summer, to the best of my knowledge about three or four months ago; he gave the name of Cook, but not to me, he gave it to the prisoner—I heard the name, but I did not see the man, I was in the dining-room; he was shown into the consulting-room—I don't know how long he remained there—it was between 6 and 7 o'clock in the evening—he was waiting for Dr. Teggart—the doctor dines about half-past 7 o'clock—he was not a patient, he wanted some relief—I did not hear what he said—he was in the con
<lb/>sulting-room it might be a quarter of an hour or 20 minutes before the doctor came in—I did not see him, only the side of him, I only saw him pass by the door—there was a letter came to Dr. Teggart—during the time the prisoner was my fellow-servant his character was very good—I never heard him speak in favour of Fenianism, or speak about politics—I never heard Lord Oranmore's name till Inspector Butcher came—the prisoner never appeared to take any interest in politics; he only used to see the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi> in the morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I never discussed the Irish Land Bill with the prisoner—I am an Englishwoman—I only heard the name of Cook from the prisoner—nothing was missed from the room that I know of.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I heard him in there, and I heard Dr. Teggart order him out—I never heard him give his name—I asked the prisoner who the man was, and he said some man named Cook—on the day the officer came the prisoner went out after the officer left—he did not say anything till dinner time, he then said "I am off"—he took some of his things with him—that was something after 2 o'clock—he came back about half-past 10.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-137" type="surname" value="IHRENFELD"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-137" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED IHRENFELD</persName> </hi>. I have been a lithographic writer—I have given my attention to handwriting for upwards of 20 years—I have had an oppor
<lb/>tunity of examining the letters in question, both the anonymous letters and the admitted letter of the prisoner—I am an expert, an examiner, a studier of writing—I am a lithographic writer, the same as Mr. Chabot—I hare given my attention to comparing handwriting, to detect forgery and to pass an opinion on writing—I have compared the threatening letters with the letter written by the prisoner, and in my opinion they are not the same—I have looked at the letter to Dr. Teggart purporting to come from the man Cook—in my opinion it is the same as the threatening letters—the writing of illiterate people is very much alike; they form their letters very much in the same way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been examined before in a Court of Justice on the question of handwriting several times, more than three or four times—I went to the office of the Solicitor to the Treasury last Saturday to see these letters—I believe the whole of them were shown to me—I was there two hours—I compared them—I only saw them once—I did not think it neces
<lb/>sary to go again—it is my opinion that none of the threatening letters are in the same writing a the other document—I notice a very large number</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130035"/>
<p>of similarities between the two—I heard Mr. Chabot's evidence as to the similarities—they struck me, but I don't agree with him on certain points—the similarities are very faint, very slight.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I made slight notes of particular points in the hand
<lb/>writing—I believe I gave a copy of those notes to the prisoner's solicitor—these are the notes—I have not my original notes with me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-490-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-490-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-490-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY Strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of his youth and previous good character.—</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-490-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-490-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-490-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-490-18800913 t18800913-490-punishment-26"/>Six Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-491">
<interp inst="t18800913-491" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-491" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-491-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-491-18800913 t18800913-491-offence-1 t18800913-491-verdict-1"/>
<p>491.
<persName id="def1-491-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-491-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-491-18800913" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-491-18800913" type="surname" value="HARDY"/>
<interp inst="def1-491-18800913" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HARDY</hi> (38)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18800913-491-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-491-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-491-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the manslaughter of
<persName id="t18800913-name-139" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-139" type="surname" value="HARDY"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-139" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-491-offence-1 t18800913-name-139"/>James Hardy</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-491-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-491-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-491-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">An acquittal was also taken upon another indictment for unlawfully neglecting the said child.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-492">
<interp inst="t18800913-492" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-492" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-492-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-492-18800913 t18800913-492-offence-1 t18800913-492-verdict-1"/>
<p>492.
<persName id="def1-492-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-492-18800913" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-492-18800913" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-492-18800913" type="surname" value="MASTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-492-18800913" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AMELIA MASTERS</hi> (52)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-492-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-492-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-492-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously casting and throwing a certain corrosive fluid on
<persName id="t18800913-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-141" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-141" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-141" type="given" value="CAROLINE SOPHIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-492-offence-1 t18800913-name-141"/>Caroline Sophia Smith</persName>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DIXON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">There being no proof of any burning, the Jury found the prisoner</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-492-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-492-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-492-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, September</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1880.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>,</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-493">
<interp inst="t18800913-493" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-493" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-493-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-493-18800913 t18800913-493-offence-1 t18800913-493-verdict-1"/>
<p>493.
<persName id="def1-493-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-493-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-493-18800913" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-493-18800913" type="surname" value="PEGG"/>
<interp inst="def1-493-18800913" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR PEGG</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-493-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-493-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-493-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, Stealing a mare, and a cheque for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>, the property of the
<persName id="t18800913-name-143" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-143" type="surname" value="AYLESFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-143" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-493-offence-1 t18800913-name-143"/>Earl of Aylesford</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR.J. P. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TICKELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. W. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">AUSTIN METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD AYLESFORD</hi>. I live at 2, Harriet Street, Lowndes Square, and at had not been sold at Tattersall's—early in the year I had a mare called Morna stabled with him—I told him to sell her 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and give me the money—about 11th May I offered to led Morna to a friend, not knowing that the prisoner had sold her—I did not know that he had received any offer for her till I received a letter—I have never received any money for her—I have not the remotest idea where they are; they are gone, including the mare and I have received nothing in respect of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am not a horse dealer—I sell at a profit if I get the offer—I did not sell a grey pony to Mrs. Dilke; pegg sold it, and I belive it was his—it got back to his stable—I know that Mrs. Dilke returned it because it had the staggers—I told him Mrs. Dilke wanted a pony—I did not give Pegg any instructions for selling it after Mrs. Dilke returned it—I do not remember that I told Pegg to sell it, and to be sure not to say why it was returned by Mrs. Dilke—I did not interfere with his selling his own pony—this is my signature to this letter—I do not remember that I tried to sell that pony myself through Pegg, and tried to keep the cus
<lb/>tomer</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130036"/>
<p>in the dark as to the reason Mrs. Dilke returned it; I certainly did not know at the time why it was returned—I do not think that was the pony that letter relates to; I think there were two ponies—Mrs. Dilke saw several ponies, and bought one—I don't know who Colonel Ellis is; I know several Colonel Ellises—I do not remember which Colonel Ellis it was who saw the ponies—I do not know which pony Mrs. Dilke returned—my memory is bad—I did not tell pegg not to tell Colonel Ellis why Mrs. Dilke returned the pony; I do not remember it, and I don't think I did—I do not think it is possible that I, knowing that Mrs. Dilke had returned the pony for a failing, told Pegg to show it to Colonel Ellis, and not tell him the reason it was returned; I cannot swear to a possibility, and there are no impossibilities—Mrs. Dilke told me that she returned the pony to Pegg because it had the staggers—I do not remember whether I was in close communication with Pegg at that time—Mrs. Dilke may have sent a telegram to me to communicate the contents of it to Pegg; I forget—I remember all I can; I can't remember everything—I have read this telegram (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—Mrs. Dilke communicated with me because she did not know Pegg's address—I was not in partnership with Pegg; he had my horses—we were not under a mutual agreement, he to take my horses and sell them at a profit, and I to take his and sell them at a profit—we were not in partnership at the time Mrs. Dilke returned the pony—in all probability I wrote to him and enclosed a list of the horses which I entered at the Ranelagh Club sale, and said that if he had any to show he must place them in the list and send them to the secretary of the club before Thursday, or as early as he could before that date, because he would not be able to send his horses there without their being entered in the name of a member of the club—the great thing is to get as many entries as you can—it was not for my sake; Mr. Pegg would get the prizes—my horses were standing in his stable, and I thought he would like to enter his horses in my name—I wrote this: "Colonel Ellis would like to see the grey pony Mrs. Dilke had; don't say anything about why it was returned. Colonel Kingscote also wants to see the grey ponies you drove yesterday. Please be down at Marlborough House to-morrow and ask for Colonel Ellis"—I did not know who you meant when you asked me about Colonel Ellia—I believe horses were taken to the Ranelagh Club to be sold in my name which belonged to Pegg, but I was not there and did not see them, and don't know their names; I think I was out of town; I am quite sure I was. not at the show—I remember the show at the Agricultural Hall in 1879.—a horse of mine named Perfection was entered, No. 116; I do not know whether it was entered in my name; I did not enter it, Mr. pegg did—I bought a catalogue when I went in, I suppose, but I do not know whether it was entered in Pegg's name—there were two horses there, Morna and Perfection; at least I believe Perfection, and I know Morna was there, I saw her; I do not know about Perfection—No. 116 entered as Perfection was not Morna; Morna was a chestnut mare and Perfection was a bay—I know Morna was there; I cannot swear whether Perfection was there—I cannot remember whether two were entered or one—I bought a catalogue; I do not know that Morna was entered under the name of Perfection—I do not know that Mr. Sheward was manager to Mr. Robert Perceval, of Eaton Place—I have been to Mr. Perceval's, but do not remember seeing Mr. Sheward there—I know Mr. George Cox, the horsedealer, of Stamford</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130037"/>
<p>Street, Blackfriars—I do not know Mr. Maule, the veterinary surgeon; I may have had a conversation with him without knowing his name—I do not know Mr. Youngman or Mr. James Ennis, familiarly called "Sandy," nor Mr. Hunting, a veterinary surgeon, of Down Street, Piccadilly—I never remember seeing that man (
<hi rend="italic">Ennis</hi>) before, nor that man (
<hi rend="italic">Sheward</hi>); he may have been at Perceval's, but I should not have known him—I do not know Ennis as Pegg's foreman—I did not know he had a foreman; I never saw him at Pegg's that I remember—I was at Pegg's day after day—I did not buy Morna from Mr. Perceval, nor do I know that Sheward negotiated the transaction; if he is the man who showed Morna to me I forget his face altogether; as far as I know I never saw him before in my life—I took Morna down to the Prince of Wales; J went down at the same time for him to look at her for the Princess of Wales to ride—I don't remember how long I had had her—I had sold her once before, and she was returned—I did not buy her back at a loss of 100 guineas—she was sold at Tattersall's, I forget for how much—I took her back because the gentleman who bought her did not want her, as she would not go in harness—I did not warrant her quiet to ride or drive—I never warrant a horse at all—I do not think I took her back at a loss—I did not tell Pegg that I was going to sell her to the Prince of Wales for the Princess to ride; I told him to take her down for them to look at; how were they likely to buy her without looking at her—he did take her for the Prince to see her, and I went with him—I did not say to Pegg "You ought not to sell that horse to the Prince of Wales for the Princess to ride, because she is not safe"—I made a statement on oath before a Magistrate before he granted a summons against Pegg—I believe I said in my information "The said Arthur Pegg was immediately on the sale being effected to hand me the money, and was previously to inform me who the purchaser was; any offer for the purchase of the mare was first to be submitted to me for my ap
<lb/>proval"—I don't think I said in my evidence before the Magistrate in reference to the sale of Morna "Nothing was said about the offer being submitted to me, I never said anything about the payment of money"—this is my signature to my deposition; I may have said so—there were accouatfl between Pegg and me—I have charged him at this Court with stealing a horse called Perfection—I do not know that he sold that horse in August, 1879, and accounted to me for the proceeds—I don't know what he has done, I charge him with stealing it because I do not know what has become of it, he has never accounted to me for it—I swear that to the best of my belief—I do not know what I paid him in August, 1879—I believe there was an account settled between us in September last; I know I paid his bill, but I do not know whether it was by a cheque, I know it was all paid up; I paid him the account he brought me, but I do not know how I paid it—I do not remember whether he brought me an account in which the mare Perfection was entered in my favour on the contra account as being sold to Mr. Jones for 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; how should I know? I do not remember it, that is all I can say; it might have been—I want to know where the animal is—I do not remember that there was a contra account against him, there was the account he gave me—I do not remember anything about Perfection—that was the only account I know of—I find in this account "By contra account 313
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., balance 132
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., paid Sept. 22nd, 1879, Arthur Pegg"—I know a horse called White Cockade, and all I know is that it is missing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130038"/>
<p>pegg has never accounted to me for it—the balance against me in this account is 446
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and the contra account is 313
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., that leaves a balance of 132
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I certainly paid him that account, because here is his receipt, but I do not know how—this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is Mrs. Dilke's writing; she told me she had sent the pony back to Pegg because twice out of the four times she drove it it had the staggers—I do not know that that was the same pony about which I wrote "Show the grey pony which Mrs. Dilke had; be sure you don't say the reason why it was returned;" it is not possible that I should do so—I am sure I did not say "Be sure you do not say why it was returned," I could not have—it could not be he same pony—Mrs. Dilke saw two or three ponies of Pegg's—I could not have known the reason why the pony was returned, and I do not believe I told him to keep back the reason—I cannot explain it—I have had no dealings with the Duchess of Newcastle, I have not the honour of her acquaintance—I swear I was not at the Eanelagh Club sale at Fulham in Pegg's company, but he rode my horse for me—I was out of town when Morna was sold—I went to Manchester races, and I wrote to my butler, James James, and told him to get the money for Morna—he either wrote or telegraphed to me that she was sold; that may have been on 13th May—I know now that the horse was sold to the Duchess of Newcastle on 12th May, but when it was sold I don't remember—I told James to get the money immediately the horse was sold—I was not then in Pegg's debt; it was directly the other way—if he had any account against me it could only have been for the keep of the hones; there was generally a balance in my favour, and when I wrote to James Mr. Pegg had sold some horses—there was a balance in my favour when Morna was sold; he had got my horse and he had not paid me—I subse
<lb/>quently heard that the Duchess of Newcastle had bought Morna for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but I do not know from who—Morna was not the least unsafe; she was perfectly quiet—she was not
<hi rend="italic">nappy</hi> and false; I have ridden her myself—I said to-day that she was to be sold for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but I corrected myself and said 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I made it a strong point at the police-court that Pegg had sold her against my orders for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. instead of 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—James told me that Pegg told him that on 12th May he had sold the mare, and that he asked him for the cheque, but I do not know what he said to the Duchess of New
<lb/>castle—I don't think he knew who she was sold to till much later; you had better ask him—I know he was there the morning she was sold—I don't think he told me by letter or telegram that she was sold to the Duchess of Newcastle; it is some time ago, and I forget—I never heart from James that Pegg refused to give him the cheque because his account with me was not settled; he promised to send the cheque every day—I have charged him with stealing a horse named Drake and a pair of ponies—I swear that I have not had the money for thorn, nor have they been accounted for to me—I swear that distinctly—I do not know that Pegg entered horses at shows for me in his own name; I entered horses for him in my name at the Banelagh Club, but nowhere else as far its my memory serves me—Pegg bought a team of four roans for me and sent them over to Homburg—I paid him for them; I do not know whether I kept him waiting four months for his money; when he asked me for it I paid him—I did not sell some horses belonging to Pegg; I took two down to Captain Machen; one was a brown hunter; I do not know whether the other was called "The Swell"—I may have recommended horses for him which he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130039"/>
<p>sold, but I do not know what he got for them; I never had any profit on them—I was going to ride the horses which I took down to Captain Machen to try them; he looked at one and bought it—I never heard that an anonymous letter was sent to the Duchess of Newcastle about Morna I did not instruct Pegg to look after stables in order that I might carry on horsedealing on a lofty scale—I wanted stables for my own horses because his stables were so small, and told him to look out for me—I never had any dealings with Cotterell; I know his yard, and I have seen him—I went to a yard off Down Street, Piccadilly; I do not know who it belongs to, or whether I went with Pegg—Morna was not returned to me by the Duchess that I know of—I had sold her once before to General Paget—I may have gone to the show at the Kanelagh Club and gone to Homburg the same day—I do not know the date or whether I saw Lord Dupplin that day; I see him very often—I do not remember whether I sold Morna to him that day; the only time I remember selling her was to General Paget, and I had her back from him because she would not go in harness; he wanted a Newmarket hack, and then he wanted a hack and a harness horse in one—I do not remember that I sold her to Lord Dupplin and had her back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>. There is no pretence for saying that I intended to set up in London as a horsedealer—I had no stables in London—I have had as many 105 horses at Packington and elsewhere—Morna has taken a prize once since I had her—there is no pretence for saying that I intended to palm her off on the Princess of Wales—she went there to be seen and to be bought if she liked—I have the honour very often of being at Marlborough House—I have never had any return made to me for the two cobs—this account was settled and paid up to September and receipted by the prisoner—I find in it among other matters "Four roan cobs at 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. apiece," which he has carried out at 260
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. instead of 240
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>—after that I repeatedly asked him for his account, but was unable to get it up to May—there is no pretence for saying that I ever falsely and fraudulently entered one horse for another at a show, or that Protectioa was entered as Morna, or Morna as Protection, with my knowledge—I know that Mrs. Dilke had some dealings with Pegg for ponies, but I do not know what the character of the dealings was—I was not aware that that particular pony had the staggers—the pony taken to Marlborough House was a piebald one, and Mrs. Dilke's was a grey.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-144" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-144" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES JAMES</persName> </hi>. I have been Lord Aylesford's butler for some years—on 21st May I received instructions from him, in consequence of which I went to Pegg's stable, having sent a message the day before in reference to the mare Morna—I saw Pegg, and said that Morna was to go as ordered the previous day for a friend to ride, and asked why she had not been sent on the previous day—he said that having shown her for sale on the previous day he could not allow her to leave the stable—I said that I had his Lord
<lb/>ship's instructions to take her away, but he said that she was sold, with the exception of passing the veterinary surgeon—no amount or purchaser's Dame was mentioned—I went next day to hear the result, and he said that she had passed sound, and all that remained was for him to deliver her and receive the cheque—I said I would come on the following day, and I wished for the cheque as he received; it, and that Lord Aylesford wished me to get his account, and that I was instructed to bring away all the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130040"/>
<p>harness, clothing, and saddlery, and asked him to fix his own time next day for that puprose—he said that he would meet me at 12 o'clock, but in the morning I received a telegram from him saying that he was called from home, and could not keep his appointment, but would see me at Lord Aylesford's house at 4 o'clock—I tore the telegram up—I waited till 5 o'clock, and he did not come, and then I went to his stable and waited some time without seeing him—I went again next morning, and after waiting some time saw him, and he fixed 4 o'clock next day, when he would have his bill ready—I went the two following days without seeing him, and afterwards made frequent appointments with his man—I brought away all Lord Aylesford's property which I could find; and a few days afterwards I found the stables empty, not shut up, but disused—that was a few days after 19th May—I went repeatedly afterwards, but never saw him till he was in custody on 6th August—I never received the cheque or the money—he never told me to whom the mare was sold, but I ascertained it from inquiries I made.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. W. SLEIGH</hi>. I have not heard any of the evidence this morning—I told Lord Aylesford by letter that Morna was sold for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I did not say who to—the first time I went to Pegg was on 10th May, and again on the 12th—I do not know whether anybody else was present I have seen a man called
<hi rend="italic">Sandy</hi> there, and I have seen him outside here to-day; he is a stableman, but not in Pegg's employ to my knowledge—I may have spoken to him there on 12th May, but cannot say whether I spoke to him or not—that is the man—I cannot say whether I was standing just inside the door of Pegg's yard that morning talking to
<hi rend="italic">Sandy</hi> about Morna—I do not know that man by sight, (
<hi rend="italic">Mr. Maule, a veterinary surgeon</hi>)—I did not ask Pegg whether the Duchess of Newcastle had decided about Morna—I was very anxious to get the cheque for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; he told me the mare was sold; I cannot say whether he said that she was to be delivered that afternoon—I said that I did not think his Lordship would be in town for nearly a week, and I wished the cheque handed over to me as he received it—he said "Decidedly not, I will settle the account between his Lordship and myself with his Lordship, and not with you"—I wanted the account to send to his Lordship at Manchester—there were no horses of Lord Aylesford's in the stable when I asked for the clothing, but any penon might have thought the horses there were Lord Aylesford's, as Pegg was using Lord Aylesford's clothing—it was not till the bargain was completed and I could not get the cheque that I wrote to Lord Aylesford—I wrote the same day or the day after—his Lordships instructions about fetching the mare were verbal, on the Tuesday before he left for Newmarket—I then wrote to say that she was sold for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and that I had requested Pegg to hand me the cheque, and his Lordship wrote back that he would not take less than 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the mare; I have the letter—I had asked Pegg for the cheque for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. previous to that, because he told me he was selling her for the price set upon her—I never saw a grey pony of Lord Aylesford's to my knowledge—I have seen Mrs. Dilke—I know Colonel Ellis—I never heard that Mrs. Dilke had a grey pony—I do not know that a grey pony was sent to Colonel Ellis at Marlborough House, or that an anonymous letter was sent to the Duchess of Newcastle—I thought I gave Lord Aylesford's letter to me to the Counsel, but it may be at home now in my desk—I took some of the papers to Lord Aylesford's solicitor, but I will not swear I took</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130041"/>
<p>that letter—I know Pegg's private address, but I did not know it on 12th May—Lord Aylesford did not give it to me; Mrs. Graham did; she lives it 114, Denbigh Street, Pimlico, which was Pegg's address after he left Cadogan Place—I did not know her before that; she came to me about 10,30 or 11.0 on a Sunday night, saying that Pegg had been illusing her, tod she wanted protection, that she had property at her house and Pegg intended removing it at 7 o'clock next morning—that may have been, a fortnight or three weeks after 12th May—I do not think Pegg was arrested there, but the warrant officer went there, and when Pegg heard of it he surrendered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-145" type="surname" value="PULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-145" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PULLEN</persName> </hi>. I am butler to the Duke of Newcastle, of 13, Wilton Crescent—on 13th May the prisoner came there, and I saw Mr. Hohler hand him a cheque for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; he said that it was crossed and he could not get the money, and asked his Grace to make it an open one—Mr. Hohler took it back and I saw him go away with it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The horse was kept for some time; her Grace rode it for a fortnight or three weeks; it was then sent away because it did not suit her—Mr. Hohler thought it was not quite the thing for her to ride, though she is a very good horsewoman, because the mare was not certain—he said he thought it was dangerous for her to ride her, and he did not want a scene in the park; it might put her Grace off—her Grace was not thrown by the mare—I heard that on some days the mare was a little mischievous; some days she would go well, and at other times she had not had work enough—I believe one day when her Grace came home Mr. Hohler said that he would not allow her to ride the brute my longer—I never heard that the mare was sold to Lord Hastings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LORD AYLESFORD</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I did not sell the mare to Lord Hastings, I only lent her to him for a day or two.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-146" type="surname" value="CLOUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-146" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD CLOUGH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant V</hi>). On 23rd July I received from Giles, the warrant officer at Westminster Police-court, a warrant dated July 19, for the prisoner's arrest—Giles is laid up ill—on 30th July I met the prisoner in a Hansom's cab in Rochester Bow, took him into our office and read the warrant to him—he made no answer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. W. SLEIGH</hi>. As a matter of fact he surrendered himself—he and his solicitor came to the police-court and surrendered at 10.30 a.m.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-493-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-493-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-493-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">There were two other indictments against the prisoner, on which he was subsequently given in charge, and upon which no evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">withdrawing all imputation upon Lord Aylesford.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, September</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1880.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-494">
<interp inst="t18800913-494" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-494" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-494-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-494-18800913 t18800913-494-offence-1 t18800913-494-verdict-1"/>
<p>494.
<persName id="def1-494-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-494-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-494-18800913" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-494-18800913" type="surname" value="WORTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-494-18800913" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WORTLEY</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-494-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-494-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-494-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-494-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-494-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-494-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>, the moneys of
<persName id="t18800913-name-148" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-148" type="surname" value="ALDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-148" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-494-offence-1 t18800913-name-148"/>Frederick Aldridge</persName>, his master, and to forging and uttering a receipt for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-494-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-494-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-494-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-494-18800913 t18800913-494-punishment-27"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-495">
<interp inst="t18800913-495" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-495" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-495-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-495-18800913 t18800913-495-offence-1 t18800913-495-verdict-1"/>
<p>495.
<persName id="def1-495-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-495-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-495-18800913" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-495-18800913" type="surname" value="LUZATTO"/>
<interp inst="def1-495-18800913" type="given" value="GIOVANNI"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GIOVANNI LUZATTO</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-495-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-495-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-495-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to unlawfully making a false entry in the book of
<persName id="t18800913-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-150" type="surname" value="ZUOCANI"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-150" type="given" value="EMILIO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-495-offence-1 t18800913-name-150"/>Emilio Zuocani</persName>, his master, and to stealing sums amounting to 1,510
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">The total defalcations were stated to be</hi> 2,700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">of which</hi> 2,200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">had been restored.</hi>)—</rs>
<rs id="t18800913-495-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-495-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-495-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-495-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-495-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-495-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-495-18800913 t18800913-495-punishment-28"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-496">
<interp inst="t18800913-496" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-496" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-496-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-496-18800913 t18800913-496-offence-1 t18800913-496-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130042"/>
<p>496.
<persName id="def1-496-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-496-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-496-18800913" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-496-18800913" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-496-18800913" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENJAMIN MORRIS</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-496-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-496-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-496-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, Breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18800913-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-152" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-152" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-496-offence-1 t18800913-name-152"/>Michael Lewis</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOHEOAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The evidence was interpreted to the prisoner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-153" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-153" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>REUBEN JACOBS</persName> </hi>. I live at 123, Wentworth Street, with my brother Michael Lewi, as poultry dealers—about 3.30 a.m. on Sunday, 6th Sep
<lb/>tember, I heard a sound at the window; I looked and lay down again—I afterwards got up and saw the prisoner's head, and his hands were put to open the yard door leading into the shop—I halloaed out "There is a thief here"—I heard him run away—the window was broken by the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw you break the window—I have not said I did not know who broke it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When he put his head in I saw his face—he put his hand through the broken window.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-154" type="surname" value="IMHOFF"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-154" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY IMHOFF</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 211). I saw the prisoner running out of the house and the last witness running after him in his shirt calling out "Stop thief"—I gave chase for 500 yards, overtook him, and brought him back to the house—I searched him—I found nothing on him—I found the window broken, and the parlour and outside doors open—I found a scrubbing brush wrapped up in a shirt, and pieces of glass on it—a passage runs by the side of the prosecutor's house—I there saw the prisoner running.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I was standing near the door when the lad came out and was calling 'Stop thief.' I saw some one running, and I ran after him, and the police came and took me, and the people said I was the thief, and I was stopped. I have no witnesses, and there was no one there."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> "What I said before the Magistrate I say now."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-496-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-496-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-496-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-496-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-496-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-496-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-496-18800913 t18800913-496-punishment-29"/>Six Months'Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-497">
<interp inst="t18800913-497" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-497" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-497-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-497-18800913 t18800913-497-offence-1 t18800913-497-verdict-1"/>
<p>497.
<persName id="def1-497-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-497-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-497-18800913" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-497-18800913" type="surname" value="WILCOCKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-497-18800913" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WILCOCKS</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-497-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-497-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-497-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering two receipts for 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MILWOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HYNDMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-156" type="surname" value="SUGDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-156" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD SUGDEN</persName> </hi>. I am an engraver, of 163, Old Street, St. Luke's—on 14th August the prisoner ordered 50 checks with "D. D.
<hi rend="italic">P."</hi> on them, giving me the pattern—they are made of brass—he took them away the next day—the following Tuesday he came again, and ordered 50 with "W. J. Coleman" on them; he also ordered 100 with "J. B. Thomas" on them and a die—the 100 were not taken away—the two produced are some of those I made, as well as those marked "W. J. Coleman."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner was the only person who came and made inquiry and then gave orders for more—he gave all the orders to me—he left no name, but said they were for Mr. Williams, of Waterloo Place, Clerkenwell—I am sure the name was Williams, not Thomas; I put it down in writing—I am not sure the number was 20, but it was Waterloo Place.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-157" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-157" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live in Macklin Street—on 26th August, about 6.30 a.m., I was in Covent Garden Market—I saw the prisoner hanging about—he asked me if I wanted to earn half a pint of beer—I said "Yes"—he asked me if I knew where Coleman was—I told him "Yes," and pointed it out—he gave me two tickets and two baskets to take, and said "Get 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>."—the tickets were like these two (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130043"/>
<p>took them and got the money—when I came back the prisoner asked me if I had seen his master; I told him I did not know who his master was—I went to find him, and when I came back I could not find the prisoner—a policeman came, and I pointed out the man who gave me the tickets—I did not have the beer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am 28 years old—Mr. Coleman and Inspector Roots came after me about five minutes afterwards—I told the inspector, who spoke first, that I knew nothing about the tickets—I had not seen them before, nor the prisoner, in Covent Garden—I have never transacted business with the salesmen in Covent Garden—I am employed carrying things for people who come to the market, costermongers and others—I never took any baskets with tickets before—I believe it is the custom for salesmen to give tickets.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-158" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-158" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COLEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a salesman, of Covent Garden Market—on 20th August Inspector Roots spoke to me—the following morning Edwards brought two baskets and two tickets—I paid him 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—it is our custom to give tickets with the basket to the customer, who pays a shilling on it—on the return of the basket and the ticket we return the shilling which has been left on it—that is the custom amongst salesmen—after paying Edwards I and Roots followed him, because I had information that the tickets were forged, and I knew they were forged—I saw Roots speak to him—these two tickets produced are forgeries.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Roots first came to me on the Friday afternoon—I never saw Edwards before, to my knowledge—I had received similar tickets in the transaction of my business, but. not forged ones, except four that our firm received a fortnight before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The baskets were mine—we do not always give tickets, only when 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. is deposited; we let customers we know have them without a deposit.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-159" type="surname" value="WILES"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-159" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WILES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). On 21st August I was in Covent Garden Market with Police-constable Chapman—Edwards was pointed out to me by Mr. Coleman—I spoke to him—he afterwards pointed out the prisoner—I then apprehended the prisoner, and told him he would be charged with uttering two forged tickets to Mr. Coleman, a salesman in Covent Garden Market—he said nothing—I took him to Bow Street Police-court—I searched him, and found on him a large number of tickets; 25 of them bore the mark of Coleman—the prisoner said "I found them in a pocket-book in the market this morning"—he had no pocket-book—he gave the name of Wilcocks, but refused his address and occupation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-160" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-160" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COLEMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I should not have given 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for the basket if there had been no ticket; the ticket is an acknowledgment that 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. has been lent—I should have refused my own basket if 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. had been demanded without a ticket—the baskets are worth 15
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I did not see the prisoner pointed out by Edwards—I left the constable when Edwards was taken.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-497-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-497-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-497-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-497-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-497-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-497-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-497-18800913 t18800913-497-punishment-30"/>Six Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-498">
<interp inst="t18800913-498" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-498" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-498-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-498-18800913 t18800913-498-offence-1 t18800913-498-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-498-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-498-18800913 t18800913-498-offence-1 t18800913-498-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-498-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-498-18800913 t18800913-498-offence-1 t18800913-498-verdict-2"/>
<p>498.
<persName id="def1-498-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-498-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-498-18800913" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-498-18800913" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="def1-498-18800913" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS NASH</hi> (19)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-498-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-498-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-498-18800913" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-498-18800913" type="surname" value="SHIRLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-498-18800913" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SHIRLEY</hi> (19)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-498-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-498-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-498-18800913" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def3-498-18800913" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def3-498-18800913" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY CLARK</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-498-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-498-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-498-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18800913-name-164" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-164" type="surname" value="RUCKER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-164" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-498-offence-1 t18800913-name-164"/>George Rucker</persName>, and stealing his watch and chain.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GEOHEGAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-165" type="surname" value="RUCKER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-165" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE RUCKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I am a baker, and lived at 40, Union</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="188009130044"/>
<p>Street—between 9 and 10 o'clock on 29th August I was in Flower and Dean Street—Clark took hold of me behind and threw me down; another man came and snatched my watch and chain from my left-hand pocket, and a third man put his hand over my mouth so that I could not cry—when I could I managed to cry "Police"—Nash was caught by the police.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-166" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-166" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS FOX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 163). At 12 p.m. on 29th August I was on duty near Brick Lane—I heard cries of "Police"—I went down Flower and Dean Street—I saw Nash and two men running away, and the prose
<lb/>cutor after them—I ran after Nash, and caught him going into a lodging-house—I brought him to the prosecutor, who stood in the same street—he made signs that his watch and chain were taken—Nash said "I did not take it"—he was taken to the station and charged—I went to the lodging-house and saw Shirley sitting on a bench—the prosecutor said, looking at Shirley, "That is one"—I took Shirley into custody—he said he had only come to London three hours from Gravesend—I took Clark into custody in Brick Lane on 4th September—I told him I should take him on suspicion of being concerned with two others in custody in stealing a watch and chain in Flower and Dean Street—he was brought to the station and placed with seven or eight other men and identified.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-167" type="surname" value="GIBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-167" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GIBBS</persName> </hi>. I was indoors on this Sunday at George Street, Spital
<lb/>fields—Shirley came between 5 and 6 p.m. with Thomas Ellison—he was there till a police-constable came and said he had something to do with taking a watch at the top of the street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-168" type="surname" value="ELLISON"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-168" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ELLISON</persName> </hi>. I walked home with Shirley from Gravesend on this Sunday—I got into London about 6 o'clock—I went to this house, where we were living before we went away—we sat there the whole of the evening with nothing to eat, only what the deputy gave us—we had no money—neither of us went out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We left London to go hopping, but could get none, and so returned to London—we waited there to be trusted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18800913-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-169" type="surname" value="HOOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-169" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HOOPER</persName> </hi>. On the 29tb August Clark came to my place, 1, Hatfield Street—about 6 we went out, had a drop or two of beer, and returned about 10, had supper, and he stayed till between 11 and 12—I know nothing of him after.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He lives with my wife's sister and calls me his brother-in-law—he visited me a fortnight before—I remember this Sunday because I was having some tea—my wife was present.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">In their defence Shirley and Clark said that they were not there. Nash 8 id "I am innocent."</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NASH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-498-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-498-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-498-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18800913-498-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-498-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-498-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-498-18800913 t18800913-498-punishment-31"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHIRLEY</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARK</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18800913-498-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-498-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-498-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18800913-499">
<interp inst="t18800913-499" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18800913"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-499" type="date" value="18800913"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18800913-499-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-499-18800913 t18800913-499-offence-1 t18800913-499-verdict-1"/>
<p>499.
<persName id="def1-499-18800913" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-499-18800913" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-499-18800913" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-499-18800913" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-499-18800913" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS ALLEN</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18800913-499-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18800913-499-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-499-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18800913-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18800913-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-171" type="surname" value="SIMS"/>
<interp inst="t18800913-name-171" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18800913-499-offence-1 t18800913-name-171"/>Henry Sims</persName> and stealing 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</rs> </p>
&l