<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHETHAM, MAYOR. SIXTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, March</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ALVEY</hi> (49)</persName> and
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CATHERINE TYLER</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-374-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-374-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-374-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing 6lb. of sugar, 6lb. of Fuller's earth, and 9lb. of quicksilver of
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<interp inst="t18790331-name-3" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-374-offence-1 t18790331-name-3"/>George Atkinson</persName>, the master of Alvey.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count for receiving.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. J. P. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Tyler.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18790331-name-4" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM POTTS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). About 6 o'clock on the evening of 1st Feb. I saw Alvey in Aldersgate Street, close to the door of Messrs. Atkinson's warehouse—I knew him to be one of their servants—I saw something pro
<lb/>jecting from underneath his short canvas jacket—I followed him to the corner of Carthusian Street—I saw Tyler standing on the kerb; he went up and spoke to her, and they both went into the Red Lion public-house—I suspected there was something wrong, I pushed the door partly open; I saw Tyler sit down and open this little bag; Alvey pulled this bottle from underneath his jacket and put it into the bag; I saw the quicksilver—I went few paces from the house to get assistance, I turned round and saw them both come out of the public-house—they parted, one came towards Aldersgate Street and the other towards Charterhouse Square—I followed Tyler, stopped her, and asked her what she had in the bag—she said "What belongs to my husband"—I said "I mean that bottle which the man in the public-house put into your bag just now"—she said "He put nothing in the bag"—I said "I saw him put a bottle in," and I put my hand in and pulled out this bottle of quicksilver—I then told her that I should take her into. custody—I took her to the prosecutor's warehouse, took Alvey also into custody and took them both to the station—she said that her husband had given ber this to take to be burnt—I told Alvey I should charge him with stealing this bottle of quicksilver and giving it to the female in the public-house—he said he had not given anything to her, she had merely come to deliver a message to him from her husband—Mr. Best, one of the pro
<lb/>secutor's clerks, afterwards came to the Guildhall Police-court and spoke to Alvey about the state of his machines; he wanted to know how they stood, because of putting the different ingredients into the mills—the prisoner said No. 3 was 44, and he told him of the other machines, and that they Would</p>
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<p>want certain ingredients in at certain times—I went with Mr. Best to the prosecutor's premises and inspected the machine where the prisoner had been at work, and behind a box underneath the mill I found a jar containing 5lb. of quicksilver, and in the corner I found two bottles covered over with some old cocoanut matting containing this sugar and powdered Fuller's earth—I afterwards went to the house where Tyler was lodging and searched two rooms, one downstairs and one up; I found there a large quantity of tube* used for barometers.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>. This matter was heard before the Alderman at Guildhall and was dismissed, and then this indictment was preferred—when I asked Tyler what she had in the bag she said "Some
<lb/>thing belonging to my husband"—she subsequently said her husband hid sent her with the quicksilver to be burnt—I found that she had some one who passed as her husband.</p>
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<interp inst="t18790331-name-5" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM BODDY</persName> </hi>. I am warehouseman to the prosecutor—it was part of my duty to weigh out to Alvey at stated periods the quick-silver that he required for his machines, and as a rule I weighed it out in his presence and handed it to him and entered it in a book—I have been there 17 years, but not always in that capacity.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Alvey</hi>. Two other workmen besides you used quicksilver—you were laid up for some time and had an allowance from a club.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18790331-name-6" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-6" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES FOX</persName> </hi>. I am manager to the prosecutor—Alvey has been in the employ about 30 years—it was his duty to look after the machines for making ointment and pills, one of the chief ingredients being quicksilver—since this matter has been brought to my notice I have made an inspection of the books in which the quicksilver delivered to him appears—I have also made an inspection of the quantity of ointment that was turned out by him from the machines, and found a deficiency—about February, 1878, after taking stock, I had reason to tell Alvey that his stock was deficient, that he was continually having silver out, and I was dissatisfied with the result—he said he had worked up all the raw material and we had had the result, and as he had been in the employ such a number of years I was reluctant to be suspicious or to be harsh with him, and I passed it over at the time—about the early part of February this year I saw the female prisoner meet Alvey in Barbican; she opened a bag and he placed something in it—I did not we what it was—the mercury produced is similar to what was given out to Alvey—we use a bottle like this, this other is a spirit bottle—others besides the prisoner used mercury, each workman has it weighed out to him in his J presence, and they have to account for it—the manufactured article and the mercury account is balanced every month—it is in the manufactured article that we are deficient.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Alvey</hi>. You have been absent from business—your brother has occasionally worked the machines when you have been absent Thomas Best. I am one of the managing chemists at the prosecutor's—I saw Alvey at the Guildhall Police-court and asked him how the machines stood—he said as to Ko. 3 that he had put 40lb. of quicksilver into that machine and 4lb. of other ingredients—I went back with Potts and looked at the machine and found there was only 30lb. of quicksilver—also found the sugar and Fuller's earth underneath in a box—it had no business there.</p>
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<interp inst="t18790331-name-7" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES RUDD</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Wotherepoon, barometer manu
<lb/>facturer, Fox Court, Holborn—I have known Tyler and her family about 10 years—I have had dealings with her about 18 months, down to October last—some of them have been in respect of quicksilver—I have purchased some from her sometimes for cash, but it was mostly in exchange for goods—she generally brought it in a flat bottle—there was sometimes two or three months between her coming, sometimes less, it was more frequent latterly; altogether there were about 10 or 12 dealings—I ceased to purchase in October; I refused for reasons of my own—I may have bought 100lb. weight of ber.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>. I knew Mr. Tyler—I have had deal
<lb/>ings with him as regards our own goods; we sell material to the trade; he was a barometer and thermometer maker.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18790331-name-8" type="given" value="JAMES EMMERTON"/>JAMES EMMERTON ANDERTON</persName> </hi>. I am a barometer maker, of Hatton Garden—I have had dealings in quicksilver with the female prisoner; the last was about the latter part of January this year—I always gave her a bill when she purchased tubes of me; I did not have one from her for the quicksilver—she cannot write; I did not make one out for her—I made no entries of this in my books—I think the List quantity she brought was about 10lb.—it was usually brought in a flat bottle resembling this—I knew who she was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>. I knew that her husband was in the trade.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18790331-name-9" type="given" value="LUIGI"/>LUIGI PERRONI</persName> </hi> I am a barometer maker—I know the female prisoner—I have only had one transaction with her—I then bought 18lb. of quicksilver of her; she brought it in a bottle of this sort, like a gin-bottle—I wanted a receipt, and wanted to know how she got the mercury—she said she sold some thermometers to au optician's shop, and they gave her the mercury in exchange—I asked how much she wanted for it—she said 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a pound—I said I would give her is 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a pound, as it was second-hand, and I had to burn it to clean it because it was dirty—throe or four days after she came again, and wanted to know if I would buy mercury again—I said "It don't look to me right; how much have you there?"—she said "About the same quantity"—I said "How did you get this? I want to know particularly before I buy any more"—she said "We have got a sailor down in the dock, and in coming over some of the iron bottles got broke, and in sweeping the ship they got this-mercury for themselves"—I said "That won't do for me; take your mercury, and never come in my place any more n—that was a year and nine months ago, and I have not seen her since.</p>
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<interp inst="t18790331-name-10" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES PIZZALA</persName> </hi>. I am a barometer maker in Hatton Garden—I have had dealings with the female prisoner for quicksilver for the last four years—the last transaction was about January this year—the first transaction, was with her deceased husbaud for 6lb.; then I bought' 6lb. again, then 9lb., then 5lb.; about 25lb. in all—I let them have goods for the value of the quicksilver.</p>
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<interp inst="t18790331-name-11" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER LURASKI</persName> </hi>. I am a barometer maker and glass tube blower, of Cross Street, Hatton Garden—I have purchased quicksilver from the f m le prisoner—the last transaction was during her first husband's lifetime—I have had none with her since.</p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALVEY</hi>
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<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">TYLER</hi>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-374-18790331 t18790331-374-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen, Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">SKIRVING THOMPSON</hi> (36)</persName>
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<interp inst="t18790331-375-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
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<interp inst="t18790331-375-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-375-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from
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<interp inst="t18790331-name-13" type="surname" value="GLADSTONE"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-375-offence-1 t18790331-name-13"/>Catherine Gladstone</persName> an order for 5 guineas and other sums from other persons.—</rs>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-375-18790331 t18790331-375-punishment-3"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN EASON</hi> (21)</persName>
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<interp inst="t18790331-376-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-376-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> to feloniously uttering a forged order for 370
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., know
<lb/>ing it to be forged, having been before convicted.—</rs>
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<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Impri
<lb/>sonment.</hi> </rs>
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<interp inst="t18790331-376-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-376-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL SAVAGE</hi> (36)</persName>
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<interp inst="t18790331-377-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-377-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to unlawfully detaining certain letters which he had to deliver whilst in the service of the Post Office</rs>.—
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<hi rend="italic">One Month's Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
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<interp inst="t18790331-377-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-377-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JOSEPH BACON</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-378-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-378-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-378-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/> to a libel</rs>
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<interp inst="t18790331-378-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-378-18790331 t18790331-378-punishment-6"/>To enter into his own recognisances to appear to receive judgment if called upon</rs>.
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<interp inst="t18790331-378-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-378-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BURDEN</hi> (28)</persName>
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<interp inst="t18790331-379-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-379-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a warrant for payment of 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-18" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-18" type="given" value="MONTAGU"/>MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner declined to plead, questioning the jurisdiction of the Court, the Recorder ordered a plea of</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to be entered.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-19" type="surname" value="RUSKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-19" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RUSKIN</persName> </hi>. I reside at Brightwell, Lancashire—I should not hare recognised the prisoner—I knew him well about three years ago—I gave him work to do—I bank at the Chancery Lane branch of the Union Bank—this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is not in my handwriting—I gave nobody authority to draw it—this other cheque is not in my handwriting—in consequence of a notification of matters brought to my knowledge I made a communication to the bank about paying my cheques—these two letters are in my hand
<lb/>writing—I do not think I had written to the prisoner in 1879—I did in 1878.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-20" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-20" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WALKER</persName> </hi> I am a cashier at the Union Bank, Chancery Lane branch—the prisoner came in on the 6th February, about 3.45—he presented this cheque for 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. written on plain paper, purporting to be drawn by Mr. Ruskin—Mr. Ruskin had an account with us, and had been a customer many years—on 1st November this cheque for 35
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was presented by the prisoner—that was paid—that also purported to be a cheque by Mr. Ruskin dated the 30th October—we had a communication from Mr. Ruskin—I took the prisoner on the 6th February, when he presented the second cheque, to be the same man—I asked him if he wanted the money for this 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque—he said he did, and handed to me Mr. Ruskin's own letter—this is the envelope—he declined to answer any further questions—I took him to the manager's room, and asked him questions about having the 35
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. cheque on the 1st of November—he said "I received the money"'—I sent for a constable, and he was given in custody—he would give us no further information.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-21" type="surname" value="NOLLETH"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-21" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN NOLLETH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 186). I was called to the Union Bank, Chancery Lane, to take the prisoner into custody—I told him the charge—he said "Very well"—I searched him at the station—I found on him a pair of gloves, a purse, and this letter crumpled up—on the back of it is written, "Mr. Walker, of the Union Bank, Chancery Lane, will wet the fly-leaf as before."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-22" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-22" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WALKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). That is not addressed to us, but the prisoner would know it was intended for us—with the surrounding circum
<lb/>stances the Bank would have allowed me to pay it—our customer would pot have repudiated it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-379-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-379-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-379-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-379-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-379-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-379-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-379-18790331 t18790331-379-punishment-7"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-380">
<interp inst="t18790331-380" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-380" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-380-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-380-18790331 t18790331-380-offence-1 t18790331-380-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310005"/>
<persName id="def1-380-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-380-18790331" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-380-18790331" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-380-18790331" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-380-18790331" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK THOMPSON</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-380-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-380-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-380-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a warrant for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. METCALFE, Q.C</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BUTLEE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-24" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-24" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I assist my father at the High Cross, Tottenham, Post Office, as post-office receiver; on Tuesday the 18th February, the prisoner came there for a post-office order for sixpence, and handed to me this requisition form to fill up. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Hyde Road, Hoxton," payable to H. Watson, and signed "J. Wilkinson")—I then issued to him form No. 3683, in accordance with the requisition, and made out the duplicate in the usual way—I sent the advice to the Hyde Road, Hoxton, office—it is made payable there; this form 3683 is the same—it now reads payable to "South
<lb/>gate Road," instead of "High Street, Hoxton," and the amount 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. instead of "6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>."—my signature remains the same, and is the only part of my writing remaining—we sent no advice to Southgate Road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My signature remains intact—the rest of the order is not like my handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-25" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-25" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-25" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE EVANS</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Rotherfield Arms, Rotherfield Street, Islington—I know the prisoner as a customer—on Tuesday, February 18th, at about 7 o'clock, he came and asked if Mrs. Goodman was at home—I said "Yes"—he said, "Would she be kind enough to cash an order for me, as it is too late for the post-office"—that is the order (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it way then for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I took it to my mistress, she gave me the money, and I gave it to the prisoner—it was signed "H. Thompson," and was on the Southgate Road office as now—the prisoner left directly—I heard nothing more about it till the following Friday—I am quite sure the prisoner is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had never seen his writing before—I am not in the habit of cashing orders, but knowing the prisoner as a customer I did so—I have never heard anything against him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-26" type="surname" value="WOODMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-26" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY WOODMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a widow and am the landlady of the Rother
<lb/>field Arms, Rotherfield Street, Islington—I know the prisoner—on Tues
<lb/>day, February 18th, this post-office order was brought to me by the last witness—in consequence of what she said I gave her the cash for it, 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—on the following Friday I received a letter from the prisoner—it was not till then I had any suspicion of anything wrong—Mr. Finney referred to in that letter is a police inspector and a neighbour of mine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Letter read</hi>; "Friday, 21st February. Mrs. Woodman,—Memorandum,—I have just heard that there is something wrong with that post-office order I gave you to change on Tuesday last. Do please stop it at once. I will call to-night or 10 o'clock on Sunday evening. Unless you have done so, please not to mention it to Mr. Finney, and oblige yours truly, F. Thompson.") I did not know the handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The barmaid told me who brought it—I did not cash it, because it was taken in a respectable name.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-27" type="surname" value="FINNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-27" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FINNEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Inspector M</hi>). I know the prisoner—that letter is the prisoner's writing—the letter refers to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-28" type="surname" value="HEARN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-28" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HEARN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant M</hi>). On the 23rd of February I took the prisoner into custody from 34, Baring Street, Islington—I told him why I was taking him—he replied, "I did not do it by myself"—I took him to the Islington Poliee-station—I searched him and found in a letter these</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310006"/>
<p>three post-office orders, one 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., the other two for 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., I also found upon him 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in gold, 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. silver, and 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. bronze.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I made this memorandum at the time, "He said I did not do it by myself"—I made a report at the police-station.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JEREMIAH</hi>——(
<hi rend="italic">Policeman M</hi>). I was present when the prisoner was taken and heard him say, "I did not do it by myself"—I searched his room and found this pen and these bottles labelled, "International Ink Eraser, and Lightning Stain Ink Extractor. Notice.—This article is introduced for the purpose of superseding the knife or scraper. It does not injure the paper," &c., with full directions for use—I tried it at the police-court and it speedily removed the ink.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Two of the bottles were on the mantelpiece—I did not see any of these bills (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-29" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-29" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HILL</persName> </hi>. I am assistant at the Highgate Post-office—I issued this post-office order 7557 to F. Thompson—I recognise the prisoner as the man—the amount for which it was issued was 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the amount it now bean is 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., the office, and my name are my writing, the rest not—I produce the requisition form I made out at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The altered writing is written to imitate mine, but is not like it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-30" type="surname" value="HEARN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-30" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HEARN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). There were some papers there like these (
<hi rend="italic">printed circulars produced</hi>)—what I have here I got from a cupboard in his room—there are seven here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-380-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-380-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-380-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-380-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-380-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-380-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-380-18790331 t18790331-380-punishment-8"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Monday, March</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-381">
<interp inst="t18790331-381" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-381" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-381-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-381-18790331 t18790331-381-offence-1 t18790331-381-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-381-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-381-18790331" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-381-18790331" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-381-18790331" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-381-18790331" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH SMITH</hi> (30)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-381-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-381-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-381-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>**
<rs id="t18790331-381-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-381-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-381-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to feloniously uttering counterfeit coin, after a previous conviction of a like offence; also to uttering a medal representing a shilling, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-381-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-381-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-381-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-381-18790331 t18790331-381-punishment-9"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-382">
<interp inst="t18790331-382" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-382" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-382-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-382-18790331 t18790331-382-offence-1 t18790331-382-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-382-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-382-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-382-18790331" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-382-18790331" type="surname" value="HOLLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-382-18790331" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS HOLLAND</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-382-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-382-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-382-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRADFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-33" type="surname" value="FARMER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-33" type="given" value="ARTHUR THOMAS"/>ARTHUR THOMAS FARMER</persName> </hi>. I manage my brother's shop—on 15th March, about 6.30 p.m., I served the prisoner with half an ounce of tobacco, which came to 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a florin—I gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change, and he left—I had kept the florin in my hand, and two or three minutes after he left I examined it and found it was bad—I went out, but could not see him—on 20th March, about 6.30, he came again and tendered another florin—I recognised him, but did not say so—I said, "This is bad, I shall give you in custody"—he said, "It is not bad"—I saw 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in his other hand—I called ray sister down, and then left for a constable, but could not find one—I went back to the shop, and he was just coming out—I followed him, and gave him in charge with the bad coin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. You did not offer to run away, but you did not stop in the shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-34" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-34" type="surname" value="FARMER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-34" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE FARMER</persName> </hi>. I was not in the shop on the first occasion—on the second occasion my brother called me downstairs and said, "I will fetch a constable"—the prisoner, who was in the shop, offered me a half-crown to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310007"/>
<p>give him the coin back—I said, "I shall do nothing of the kind, I will double it up"—my brother had it in his hand—while my brother was away the prisoner said, 6 "Don't charge me, for I have a wife and two little chil
<lb/>dren"—my brother was away two or three minutes—the prisoner moved towards the door, met my brother at the door, and went with him—they returned with a constable, with whom the prisoner struggled in the shop.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not say, "If you pay for the bad half-crown you passed on Saturday, I will not lock you up," nor did you say, "You will have to lock me up."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-35" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-35" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMBS SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 113). On March 20th, about 6.30 p.m, I was on duty in Salmon Lane, Limehouse, and saw the prisoner and Farmer coming along—Farmer said, "What shall I do with this man; he gave me a bad two-shilling piece one Saturday night, and he has brought another now 1"—I said, "Give him in charge"—the prisoner said, "I did not know it was. bad"—I took him to the shop where Mr. Farmer gave me these two florins (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the prisoner said, "Don't give me in charge"—he kicked and struggled with me very much, and wanted to walk by himself—I had hold of his collar—he said that he did not know anything of the florin passed on Saturday—I searched him at the station, and found ft half-crown, a penny, a halfpenny, and a farthing, good money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I held him by his coat collar going to the station—I took hold of Lis necktie afterwards, because he nearly got away, but not till then—I have been three months in the force.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not say that I would choke you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-36" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-36" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these two coins are bad, and from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>, "I did not pass the bad money on the previous Saturday, and the prosecutor's sister wanted me to pay for it."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I went to the shop and put down the counterfeit coin, which I thought was a good one. The prosecutor took it to his sister, and I dare say they were there two or three minutes, and I was waiting for the change. She came in and said, "Do you know what you have given?" I said, "A two-shilling bit." She said, "Yes, it is a bad one. I believe you are the man who left one here on Saturday; if you don't pay for that one, I will lock you up." I said, "It is not likely, I know nothing about it; I had to work for four hours for that 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>." They went into the parlour again and were there two or three more minutes. If I was guilty I should not have stopped in the shop like thai I have never been convicted in my life.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-382-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-382-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-382-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-383">
<interp inst="t18790331-383" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-383" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-383-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-383-18790331 t18790331-383-offence-1 t18790331-383-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-383-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-383-18790331" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-383-18790331" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-383-18790331" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-383-18790331" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY SMITH</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-383-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-383-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-383-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a medal resembling a" sovereign, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-38" type="surname" value="ROBINS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-38" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT ROBINS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to John Ibbetson, a grocer, of 11, Regent Place, Westminster—on 24th February, at 1.30, the prisoner came in and said, "Will you give me change for a sovereign?" and tendered this Hanoverian coin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I took back the change and said, "This is not a good coin"—she said, "I got it from Captain Parkinson"—I made this large mark on it with a knife and gave it to my master.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. You said that you had been Irving at Captain Parkinson's, and that he paid it to you for your wages.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310008"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-39" type="surname" value="IBBETSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-39" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN IBBETSON</persName> </hi>. I keep a grocer's shop and a post-office—Robins is my assistant—he gave me this coin when the prisoner came in, and I asked her where she got it—she said, "From Captain Parkinson, Onslow Gardens"—I said, "What for?"—she said, "For my wages," and that she had come from there; but after I gave her in charge she begged me not to do so, and said she was a widow with three children, and had just come up from Southampton, and had left her boxes at Victoria Station—I do not think the coin was bent so much as it is now—Roberts made this mark on it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> After you were in charge you said that Captain Parkinson paid you no wages.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-40" type="surname" value="ROWSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-40" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ROWSELL</persName> </hi>. I am a draper—the prisoner came into the shop and asked me to show her some linen—I did so, and she asked for five yards, and tendered me a spurious coin, very similar to this—I thought it was slightly bent, and knew it was bad by the sight of it the moment I got it into my hand—I said, "This is not good enough for me"—she said, "Is it bad?"—I said, "Yes"—she said that Captain Parkinson, of Onslow Gardens, gave it to her—I said that she had better take it back and get 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11 3/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for it, as it was only worth a farthing—I made no mark on it. Albert James. I am a draper, of 118, Horseferry Road, about two minutes' walk from Mr. Rowsell's—on 24th February, about 12.30, the pri
<lb/>soner came in for somo Berlin wool and put down a coin similar to this—there were no marks on it, and I did not see that it was bent—I said, "What is this?"—she said, "A sovereign"—I said, "It is not"—she said that it was given to her by a captain; she did not say for what—I cannot swear to the name—I then cut a mark on it with a knife—there are three other marks on it, which were not there then—she said that she had no other money, and left with the coin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-41" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-41" type="surname" value="BUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-41" type="given" value="MANY ANN"/>MANY ANN BUTTON</persName> </hi>. I keep a coffee-shop at St. Peter's Terrace, two or three minutes' walk from Horseferry Road—on February 24th, a few minutes after 1 o'clock, the prisoner came in for a cup of coffee, and as I went to get it she said, "Have you change for a sovereign?"—when I brought the coffee she put this coin down—I did not notice any mark on it—there was no cut on it, but my husband bent it very much in the tester—I returned it to her, and she left.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-42" type="surname" value="SANDERCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-42" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SANDERCOCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B R</hi> 9). On 2nd February I was called to Mr. Ibbetson's, and he gave the prisoner into my charge for uttering this counterfeit sovereign—she said "I have worked hard for it"—she afterwards said that Captain Parkinson lived at 1, Onslow Gardens, but she, did not say that he gave it to her—this cut was on it, and it was slightly bent—I asked her address, and found that it was correct—she had lived three days at Captain Parkinson's, who had engaged her from Brighton, but she got drunk on the Sunday—she was sober—nothing was found on her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-43" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-43" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a Hanover medal or whist-marker—it has on it "To Hanover, 1837"—it is smaller than a sovereign, and it is knerled on the edge—they were struck at the time of the Queen's accession, and were sold in the street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>. "I am truly sorry. I cannot believe it is bad. I had been at work at Captain Parkinson's. I had been saving to get back to my children. Whether my money has been changed out of my box I cannot say. I never saw a bad one before."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner produced a written defence, stating that she got the coin from</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310009"/>
<hi rend="italic">a lady who she worked for at Brighion,. and did not know that it was bad, and that she gave Mrs. Parkinson</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">change.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-383-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-383-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-383-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-383-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-383-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-383-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-383-18790331 t18790331-383-punishment-10"/>Three Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-384">
<interp inst="t18790331-384" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-384" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-384-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-384-18790331 t18790331-384-offence-1 t18790331-384-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-384-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-384-18790331 t18790331-384-offence-1 t18790331-384-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-384-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-384-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-384-18790331" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-384-18790331" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-384-18790331" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES EDWARDS</hi> (36)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-384-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-384-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-384-18790331" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-384-18790331" type="surname" value="CLIFTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-384-18790331" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CLIFTON</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-384-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-384-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-384-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Un
<lb/>lawfully having counterfeit coin in their possession, with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFUBD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-46" type="surname" value="BRYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-46" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BRYNE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 359). On 4th March, about 3.30 p.m., I was in plain clothes, and saw Edwards standing at the corner of Coleman Street, City—I had previously seen him with a man who I had in custody for passing bad coin, that induced me to watch him—he appeared to be look
<lb/>ing for somebody—he walked backwards and forwards a quarter of an hour, saw me watching him, put two fingers in his mouth and gave a little whistle, and Clifton came up from Fore Street, and they went together to a coffee-house—Argent joined me; we went into the coffee-shop, and said to Edwards "Have you got any counterfeit coin in you possession?"—he said "No, I have not"—I said "I believe you have, and I shall search you"—I put my hand into his trousers pocket, and got a handful of good money, nine shillings, eight sixpences, and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze—I then put my hand in his coat-pocket behind, and took out this handkerchief, which contained something hard wrapped in paper which I did not see, 1 only felt it—I handed it to Argent, and Edwards snatched it from my hand, threw it into the next compartment, and nodded to a young man who was sitting there—Edwards picked it up, and I told him to open his hand, and let me see what there was in it—he said "You have put something in my hand; I will swear you have"—I asked him again, and then caught hold of his legs, and threw him on the floor—he threw the paper under a seat, I picked it up, it contained two florins—one or two other constables came and took him in custody—he was very violent, and tried to shove his elbows about, and kicked out on the floor, but he went quietly outside—the young man William Roberts handed me a parcel containing ten bad shillings—I did not see him pick it up—when the charge was read over at the station Edwards said that he did not know Clifton, and Clifton that he did not know Edwards—I found on Clifton in the coffee-house 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good money—he was sitting on a seat when I went in, and I told him not to move as I wanted him as well—when they said that they did not know one another, I said "I know different to that; I saw you together last Saturday week"—I had seen them in White Cross Street with a man who was taken for uttering, and discharged, at Guildhall Police-court—each bad shilling was wrapped up separately in paper—I have five florins here, one of which I received from Bright—I have not the slightest doubt about Clifton. being with the other two on the previous occasion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-47" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-47" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk at 67
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., Basinghall Street—I was in this coffee-house on the afternoon of March 4th, and saw the prisoners come in—I have heard Bryne's evidence, it is correct—I fetched one constable, and another came—I picked up this small packet at Edwards's feet; Clifton was about a yard off—it was nearer to Edwards—I did not notice how it came there—I handed it to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-48" type="surname" value="ARGENT"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-48" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ARGENT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 147). I went with Bryne to the coffee shop, and saw him search Edwards, and take a handkerchief from his inside coat-pocket, which he handed to me, and Edwards snatched it out of my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310010"/>
<p>hand—I felt something very hard in it—Edwards was very violent in the coffee-house, but he went quietly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Edwards</hi>. The handkerchief was given back to you in the cell under Guildhall; you had asked for it; you said "Give me the handkerchief."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-49" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-49" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-49" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am cook at a coffee-shop, 40, Little Moorfields—I cook in the shop—on 4th March the prisoners came in together, and Edwards asked me to cook a steak, which he handed to me; Clifton then handed me a steak, and asked me to cook it for him—they sat down together as if they were companions—the police came in directly, and I saw them all struggling together, except Clifton—I saw the detective take the handkerchief out of Edwards's pocket—I picked up a florin between where the two had been sitting, and handed it to Bright.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-50" type="surname" value="BRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-50" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BRIGHT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 146). I was called, and saw the prisoners taken to the station—I received this bad florin from Argent, and gave it to O'Byrne.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-51" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-51" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DAVIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I have known the prisoners as companions for the last two months: I have followed them and watched them—I recog
<lb/>nised them in the cell at Guildhall Police-court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-52" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-52" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These three florins are bad and from different moulds—these 10 shillings are bad; four are of 1856, from the same mould, and five of 1864, four of which are from one mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Edwards's Defence</hi>. I never saw the bad money till I was in the coffee-house. As for this young man, I never set eyes on him till he came into the coffee-house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Clifton's Defence</hi>. I was going home to get my dinner and saw this prisoner. I asked him where there was a coffee-house. He showed me and I walked on, and the constable came in and charged me, and found half-a-crown and two sixpences and threepence on me. I had 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. when I left home in the morning. I never saw this man in my life.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARDS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-384-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-384-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-384-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-384-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-384-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-384-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-384-18790331 t18790331-384-punishment-11"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLIFTON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-384-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-384-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-384-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, April</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-385">
<interp inst="t18790331-385" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-385" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-385-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-385-18790331 t18790331-385-offence-1 t18790331-385-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-385-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-385-18790331 t18790331-385-offence-1 t18790331-385-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-385-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-385-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-385-18790331" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-385-18790331" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-385-18790331" type="given" value="JOHN WOOD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WOOD MILLER</hi> (46)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-385-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-385-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-385-18790331" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def2-385-18790331" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-385-18790331" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS WIGHT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THOMAS WIGHT RICHARDSON</hi> (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-385-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-385-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-385-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18790331-385-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-385-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-385-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> to unlawfully conspiring to defraud the
<persName id="t18790331-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-55" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-385-offence-1 t18790331-name-55"/>London and Westminster Bank</persName> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">MILLER</hi>
<rs id="t18790331-385-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-385-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-385-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-385-18790331 t18790331-385-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two Months Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARDSON</hi>
<rs id="t18790331-385-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-385-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-385-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-385-18790331 t18790331-385-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-386">
<interp inst="t18790331-386" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-386" type="date" value="18790331"/>
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<persName id="def1-386-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-386-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-386-18790331" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-386-18790331" type="surname" value="PEGG"/>
<interp inst="def1-386-18790331" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY PEGG</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-386-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-386-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-386-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing, whilst employed under the Post-office, a post letter containing two half-sovereigns, two sixpences, and 53 postage stamps, the property of
<persName id="t18790331-name-57" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-57" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-386-offence-1 t18790331-name-57"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. METCALFE, Q.C</hi>., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-58" type="surname" value="BRADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-58" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BRADFORD</persName> </hi>. I am attached to the Missing Letter Branch of the General Post-office—on 18th March, in consequence of instructions, I went to the Eastern District office and made up a test letter; I put in it two half-sovereigns, two sixpences, and 53 penny postage stamps, and addressed it to Mrs. S. Bouts, 10, Park Street, Church Street, Stoke Newington, London—I fastened it, and posted it about 1.45 the same day in the Eastern District</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310011"/>
<p>office, having previously called the attention of Mr. Maloney, the overseer, to it—I saw the prisoner at the office that day from about 1.30 to about 2.30—I saw him stamp the letters, among which this one had been placed; I had seen Mr. Maloney place it with those letters, and I saw him withdraw it from the others and place it by his side—he took it up with two other packets and walked round the office, endeavouring apparently to force the coins out of the letter; he was pulling the letter about—he took up a basket and covered his left breast with it; it was a shallow basket used for carrying letters in—he placed the letter underneath his tunic under his left arm; he kept his arm very close to his side, then threw down the basket and the other two packets and left the office; he was out about two minutes—on his return he was taken into a private room upstairs, and I said to him, "I am an officer from the Missing Letter Branch; did you stamp the inwards letters this afternoon from 2.15 to 2.30"—he said "Yes"—this was an inwards letter—I said, "Did you see a letter addressed to Mrs. S. Bouts, 10, Park Street, Church Street, Stoke Newington?"—he said "No"—I said, "I posted that letter; it was placed with those you say you stamped, it is now missing; do you know anything about it?"—he said, "I know nothing about it"—shortly after that I told Moore to search him; he put his hand in his pockets, but could not find the letter—from what I had noticed I told the prisoner to take off his trousers—he demurred at first; he then took them off and threw them on the floor—Moore took them up, and the letter fell out of the left leg of the trousers—I said, "This is the letter I have been asking you about; have you any explanation to offer?"—he said, "I have nothing to say"—he afterwards said, "I must acknowledge it now"—I then gave him into custody—this is the letter; it is still unopened.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were no letters in the basket he was carrying; it was perfectly empty—his words were not, "I must acknowledge it is there now"—the letter had been picked up from the floor by the officer—I am sure his words were, "I must acknowledge it now."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-59" type="surname" value="MALONEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-59" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN MALONEY</persName> </hi>. I am overseer at the Eastern District office—the prisoner was a sorter there—on Tuesday, about 1.45, from instructions I received from Mr. Bradford, I went to the letter-box and took from it this letter—I placed it with the letters which the prisoner had to stamp—I did not see him stamp it—shortly before 3, by Mr. Bradford's direction, I told the prisoner to follow me, and I took him to Mr. Bradford—I was walking before him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-60" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-60" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BARKER</persName> </hi>. I am an inspector at the Eastern District Post-office—on Tuesday, 18th March, the prisoner was taken into the private room—as he was going along in front of me I saw him place his hand underneath his tunic and apparently put his hand in his left-hand trousers pocket, partially draw it out again, and place it back again, as if he was anxious to conceal something.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MOORE</hi>. I am a police-officer attached to the Post-office—I was called to search the prisoner—I found nothing at first—he was then directed to take off his trousers—he did so, and let them fall on the ground—I took them up and shook them, and this letter fell out of the bottom part of the leg of his trousers—I took it up and handed it to Mr. Bradford, and he told the prisoner that was the letter he was speaking to him about—the prisoner said, "I must acknowledge to taking it"</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examiruid.</hi> I think the letter was then in Mr. Bradford's hands—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310012"/>
<p>am sure the prisoner used the words, "I must acknowledge to taking it now."</p>
<rs id="t18790331-386-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-386-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-386-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of his youth</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18790331-386-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-386-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-386-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-386-18790331 t18790331-386-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five years' Penal Servitude</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-387">
<interp inst="t18790331-387" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-387" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-387-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-387-18790331 t18790331-387-offence-1 t18790331-387-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-387-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-387-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-387-18790331" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-387-18790331" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-387-18790331" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE DOUGLAS</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-387-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-387-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-387-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a receipt for 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi> </rs>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-62" type="surname" value="MUNNS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-62" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL MUNNS</persName> </hi>. I am employed at the Gun Tavern, Brushfield Street, kept by Mr. Fisher—on 24th Jan. the prisoner in my presence wrote this document: "Jan. 24th, 1879. I promise to pay Mr. Samuel Munn on de
<lb/>mand 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for value received and services rendered. George E. Douglas"—I had this pass book in my possession at the time, he had given it to me two or three days before—he had borrowed money of me and had given me an order before for a smaller sum—the pass-book represents him to be entitled to 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in the National Penny Bank—I went to the bank on the 24th with the pass-book and the order; two days afterwards I received this letter from the prisoner, I believe it is the same handwriting as the entries of 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in the deposit book.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I believe the first amount you borrowed of me was 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and you wrote an order for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—you told me you were ex
<lb/>pecting a sum of money from America—these two entries were in the book when you gave it me—you handed me a telegram to read, I gave it back to you, I believe 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was mentioned in the telegram, this is the telegram (
<hi rend="italic">pro
<lb/>duced</hi>)—it is from a Mr. Ball, consul—I did not say I should like to borrow the money to go into business with—I kept the book on the mantelpiece in the bar parlour, no one could have access to it but those in the house—you left your pocket-book with me one night because you said you had been robbed at a lodging-house—you spoke about my selling you a watch on the 25th, I valued it at 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I gave you 23
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. order—when you gave me the order for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., I gave you the other back—I lent you the money because I saw this entry in the book, or I should not have lent it you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-63" type="surname" value="LOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-63" type="given" value="WALTER THOMAS"/>WALTER THOMAS LOCK</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the National Penny Bank, Shoreditch branch—on 20th January the prisoner deposited 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in the bank—I made an entry of it in this pass-book, of "fourpence," and I also put the figure 4 in the pence column and initialled it, I took the prisoner's signature in the signature book—the entry in the pass-book has been altered "40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>." has been added to the 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and also "5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—it is in the same writing as his' signature in the signature book.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am sure you are the person who paid in the 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., I had to ask you a number of questions before I could do the transaction.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He gave an address which the ledger clerk entered.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-64" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-64" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER ANDREWS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). I made inquiries about a Mr. Ball, the consul, I did not find him at the address given by the prisoner, there is no such place in London.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-65" type="surname" value="WHITBY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-65" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WHITBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 131). The prisoner was given into my charge by a woman on 5th March, for obtaining a watch from Mr. Fisher in Brushfield Street; I said, "You hear what this woman says n—he said, "Yes"—I said, "What have you to say in answer to the charge?"—he said, "All right, I will tell you all about it by-and-by."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>, "I have been in the habit</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310013"/>
<p>of going to Fisher's public house, and made the acquaintance of Munn. After I had made this small deposit in the bank, he wished to know how much it was, but I would not gratify him; he accepted the order for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. if and agreed not to present it till I was with him; he sent his friends after me offering me 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to settle it; I refused, and he gave me in charge."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner put in a written defence stating that when he gave the pro
<lb/>secutor the book it only contained an entry of</hi> 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and that whatever altera
<lb/>tion had taken place since, had been without his knowledge or consent; that the money which the prosecutor lent him, as well as his earnings, he spent at the home in excessive drinking.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-387-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-387-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-387-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-387-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-387-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-387-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-387-18790331 t18790331-387-punishment-15"/>Four Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-388">
<interp inst="t18790331-388" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-388" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-388-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-388-18790331 t18790331-388-offence-1 t18790331-388-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-388-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-388-18790331 t18790331-388-offence-1 t18790331-388-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-388-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-388-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-388-18790331" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-388-18790331" type="surname" value="GARDNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-388-18790331" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE GARDNER</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-388-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-388-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-388-18790331" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-388-18790331" type="surname" value="GOWER"/>
<interp inst="def2-388-18790331" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK GOWER</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-388-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-388-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-388-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 50 pair of boots and a hamper of
<persName id="t18790331-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-68" type="surname" value="SOUTH"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-68" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-68" type="occupation" value="auctioneer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-388-offence-1 t18790331-name-68"/>John South</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi> re
<lb/>ceiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LILLET</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-69" type="surname" value="SOUTH"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-69" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SOUTH</persName> </hi>. I am an auctioneer in Bishopsgate Street—on 6th March, about 1 p.m., I received by railway a hamper containing 50 pairs of boots; it was placed in front of the warehouse in the street—I went over into the leather market, and on my return about 5.30 I missed the hamper—I could not identify it, but I could the boots; I had not looked at them, but I know the make.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-70" type="surname" value="SAGER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-70" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SAGER</persName> </hi>. I am a medical student and live in Bartholomew Close—on 6th March, about 5 o'clock, I saw the two prisoners together in Chis
<lb/>well Street; I followed them into Beech Street, Barbican; they there met a man carrying a hamper; they took it off his head and had some conversation; Gower gave him dome money and the man then left them and went towards Finsbury Square—the prisoners each took hold of the hamper and carried it to the top of Red Cross Street, they met a man there with a costermonger's barrow and spoke to him, and then placed the hamper on the barrow and all three went on together, Gower pulling one side of. the barrow assisting the man, and Gardner walking on the footway—I followed them into Charter-house Street, I saw Sergeant Coldery, and gave him information; we followed them and they were taken into custody—I went with them to the station—the hamper was opened there and contained 50 pairs of boots—this is the hamper and these are some of the boots.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gower</hi>. I did not hear what you said to the man with the hamper—I saw you give him some money; it was silver—I was on the opposite side of the road—you had no chance of escape after I spoke to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-71" type="surname" value="COLDERY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-71" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COLDERY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Police Sergeant</hi> 45). I received a communication from Mr. Sager, and he and I and Pack, another constable who was with me, followed the prisoner into Charterhouse Street, where I stopped the barrow and took them into custody—Gower was violent, and was threatening Mr. Seager—we all went to the station; the man with the barrow followed with the hamper—the prisoners were asked what the hamper contained—they said they did not know; that a man had given it them tacarry—they were asked for their addresses; they said they had no fixed residence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gower</hi>. You were not violent to me—you threatened to knock Mr. Sager's b——head off—you did not strike him; you used violent language.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-72" type="surname" value="PACK"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-72" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PACK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 164). I was with Coldery when Mr. Sager</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310014"/>
<p>gave him information—I followed and apprehended Gardner; he was behind a railway van a few yards from the barrow—Gower was threatening Mr. Sager.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-73" type="surname" value="NORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-73" type="given" value="JOSEPH WILLIAM"/>JOSEPH WILLIAM NORRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a coal-dealer in Camomile Street, about fifty or sixty yards from the prosecutor's—I let out trucks—on 6th March, about 25 minutes to 5, the prisoners came and said "Lend us a truck, governor"—they had this hamper with them—I was serving a customer, and when I had served him the prisoners were half way up the street with the hamper in their hands, one on each side—I did not let them the truck; they did not stop long enough.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-74" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-74" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED WHEELER</persName> </hi>. I am a porter at 2, York Row, Central Street, St. Luke's—on 6th March I was in Beech Street; I there met the prisoners—they said "Charlie, give us a lift up"—they put the hamper on my barrow, and we went on till the police stopped us.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Gower</hi>. You said you would give me 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for doing it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-75" type="surname" value="BOND"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-75" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>JOHN WILLIAM BOND</persName> </hi>. I am warehouseman to Mr. South—I saw this hamper there on 6th March; I did not open it; I opened a case that came with it after the hamper was missed—this is the invoice; it came by post—the hamper contained a portion of what we expected, and the boots in the case came from the same man, Mr. Waite, of Northampton—they exactly correspond with those found in the hamper.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Gower in his defence stated that the man who had the hamper promised them</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to carry it for him.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18790331-388-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-388-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-388-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of receiving</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">Both the prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to having been before convicted and several summary convictions were also proved against them</hi>.—
<rs id="t18790331-388-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-388-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-388-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-388-18790331 t18790331-388-punishment-16"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-388-18790331 t18790331-388-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven years' Penal Servitude</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-389">
<interp inst="t18790331-389" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-389" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-389-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-389-18790331 t18790331-389-offence-1 t18790331-389-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-389-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-389-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-389-18790331" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-389-18790331" type="surname" value="REUTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-389-18790331" type="given" value="OSCAR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OSCAR REUTER</hi> (19)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-389-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-389-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-389-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18790331-389-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-389-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-389-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing (in
<placeName id="t18790331-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-389-offence-1 t18790331-geo-1"/>Surrey</placeName>) a watch of
<persName id="t18790331-name-77" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-77" type="surname" value="WELSHER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-77" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-389-offence-1 t18790331-name-77"/>James Welsher</persName>, having been before convicted.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-390">
<interp inst="t18790331-390" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-390" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-390-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-390-18790331 t18790331-390-offence-1 t18790331-390-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-390-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-390-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-390-18790331" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-390-18790331" type="surname" value="REITTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-390-18790331" type="given" value="OSCAR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OSCAR REITTER</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18790331-390-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-390-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-390-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> for stealing on
<rs id="t18790331-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-390-offence-1 t18790331-cd-1"/>21st December</rs> 2 books, 4 books, and 1 other book, of the
<persName id="t18790331-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-79" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-390-offence-1 t18790331-name-79"/>Civil Service Supply Association</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BUCK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-80" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-80" type="given" value="EDWIN ARMITAGE GREGORY"/>EDWIN ARMITAGE GREGORY WELLS</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant to the Civil Service Supply Association at the stores in Bedford Street, Covent Garden—on 9th January, between 4 and half-past in the afternoon, I was engaged there attending to my business on the second floor—I saw the prisoner looking at some books in a book-case; I had suspicion, and watched him; I saw him put one under his coat and walk away—he had got as far as the front entrance on the second floor when Mr. Odell, the manager, stopped him—I told Mr. Odell that he had got a book under his coat—the prisoner said he had not—I left him with the manager—I afterwards saw the book; it is Campbell's works, worth 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am employed in the jewellery department in the same room—I was going towards my counter when I saw the prisoner—several other persons were looking at books—I saw the colour of the book as the prisoner took it—I did not know at the time what book it was—I actually saw him take the book.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-81" type="surname" value="ODELL"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-81" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ODELL</persName> </hi>. The last witness called my attention to the prisoner, and I stopped him as he was opening the door to go out—I said "Have you been dealing in the book department?"—he said "No"—I said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310015"/>
<p>"Have you a book taken from the shelf in the book department?"—he said "No"—I said "Have you any book about you?"—he said "No"—I asked him to step into the office; at first he refused; he said he was a member of the associa
<lb/>tion, and he came up there to purchase goods, and I had no right to charge him with stealing a book—he made an effort to get near the book counter; I took him into the office, and as we entered he made a step to the right and leaned against the desk, and a moment afterwards this book appeared on the desk behind him—it was not there before—he said "What book do you charge me with stealing?"—he afterwards said he was not a member, but that he had come with a member—he gave the name of Abrahams, and gave an address—I sent Roland with him, and Roland returned without him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see the prisoner put the book on the desk, but I saw a motion of his body which suggested that it was put there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-82" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-82" type="surname" value="MERITON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-82" type="given" value="FRBDEBICK"/>FRBDEBICK MERITON</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the book department—I was called by Mr. Odell, and went with the prisoner into the office—I noticed a peculiar gesture against the back of the desk, and I saw this book these—I said "What about this book?"—he said "I know nothing whatever about it"—he said "Will you charge me with stealing it?"—I said "How was it you came in the stores?"—he said "With a member"—I said "What is his name?"—he said "Wootton"—the name was familiar to me, and I was rather cautious how I dealt with him—he gave some address at Clapham—I sent Roland with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He gave some name as his own—to the best of my recollection it was Reuter.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM ROLAND</hi>. I received directions to go with the prisoner to 46, Holland Street, Clapham Road—he took me up one street and down another, and walked me about as if he was walking for pastime—at last he pointed to a house, and said, "Go and rap at the door"—I said, "No, you are better acquainted with the house"—I believe it was an unoccupied house—I just stooped down to see if there was any light, and he made a bolt and got away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-83" type="surname" value="BUSH"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-83" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BUSH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman P</hi> 483). I took the prisoner into custody in the afternoon of March 8th on another charge—I took him to Southwark Police-court—I found on him 28 pawn-tickets, and others at his lodging, amongst them one of January 9th for five books, pledged at Mr. Vaughan's for 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the name of John Brown, 18, Albert Square.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-84" type="surname" value="VAUGHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-84" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM VAUGHAN</persName> </hi>. I am a pawnbroker, of 6, Upper Saint Martin's Line, which is about three minutes' walk from the Bedford Street stores—I produce five books pledged by the prisoner on January 9th for 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the name of John Brown, Albert Square.</p>
<rs id="t18790331-390-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-390-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-390-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> of stealing the one book</rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-390-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-390-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-390-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-390-18790331 t18790331-390-punishment-17"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, April</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-391">
<interp inst="t18790331-391" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-391" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-391-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-391-18790331 t18790331-391-offence-1 t18790331-391-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-391-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-391-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-391-18790331" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-391-18790331" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-391-18790331" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WHITE</hi> (25)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-391-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-391-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-391-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18790331-391-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-391-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-391-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a coat of
<persName id="t18790331-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-86" type="surname" value="DRUMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-86" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-391-offence-1 t18790331-name-86"/>Robert Drummond</persName>, after a previous conviction of felony in
<rs id="t18790331-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-391-offence-1 t18790331-cd-2"/>August, 1873</rs>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Seven other convictions were proved against him</hi>.)—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-391-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-391-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-391-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-391-18790331 t18790331-391-punishment-18"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-392">
<interp inst="t18790331-392" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-392" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-392-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-392-18790331 t18790331-392-offence-1 t18790331-392-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-392-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-392-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-392-18790331" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-392-18790331" type="surname" value="SCHULTZ"/>
<interp inst="def1-392-18790331" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY SCHULTZ</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-392-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-392-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-392-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18790331-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-88" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-88" type="surname" value="MATHESON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-88" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-392-offence-1 t18790331-name-88"/>Elizabeth Mattheson</persName> and stealing a pair of boots and 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the property of
<persName id="t18790331-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-89" type="surname" value="DALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-89" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-89" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-392-offence-1 t18790331-name-89"/>Peter Dalton</persName> </rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310016"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and the evidence was interpreted to the Prisoner.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-90" type="surname" value="DALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-90" type="given" value="PETER"/>PETER DALTON</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman—on March 6th I was stopping at 29, St. George's Street in the East, but I slept at 7, St. John's Hill, which runs down from St. George's Street—I went to bed after 1 am., and took off everything—I awoke at 4 a.m. and missed my shoes and a silk handkerchief, and from my trousers pocket 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I had put all my clothes in a box, and they were lying there in the morning when I missed my money—I found these old boots under the bed instead of mine—I examined the window and found the glass broken, so that a hand could be put through, and the bolt of the door shot—I tried that—I have not seen my property since.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-91" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-91" type="surname" value="MATTHESON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-91" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH MATTHESON</persName> </hi>. I keep some girls at 7, St. John's Hill—it is a dwelling-house—I live there, and was sleeping there that night—I shut the house up about 11.30, and fastened the back door after 12 o'clock, just before I went to bed—the window in that door was not broken then—I afterwards heard a noise, got up, and found the door open and the window broken—I know the prisoner; he came in about 11.30, after knocking at the door, but I did not let him in—I told a young man to shut the door in his face, and he did so—the young man opened the street door, and I saw the prisoner—he has been to the house many times. (
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner: "Never</hi>")—I swear he has—he is a seaman, and I stopped with him on more than one occasion, but he is not a friend of mine—I mean he stopped with me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. You stopped with me when you came from sea—we slept together.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-92" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-92" type="surname" value="MUSCHAHP"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-92" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH MUSCHAHP</persName> </hi>. I live at 5, John's Road—at 12.30 on the morning of March 6th I saw the prisoner pushing the door of No. 7, as I was coming from a dance with a friend—he seemed to be cross, and pushed the door with both hands—I said, "Go away; what is the use of your standing at the door?"—he said, "That is nothing"—I said, "She has got one young man; she can't open the door, and can't stop with you"—I then went in and shut the door—I saw him again from my bedroom window about 1 o'clock, pushing at No, 7 again—I opened my window and said, "Go away and don't make a noise, disturbing people"—he went down a little court, and I went in and shut my window.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-93" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-93" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a pensioner, and live at St. George's Terrace, St. George's in the East—on March 6th, at 12.30 a.m., the prisoner came in drunk—I asked him to lend me 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he said, "I have none, my old woman has taken it all away from me; if you will come with me I know where to get money and a lodging as well"—a lot of men were sitting round the table—I did not go with him; I stopped where I was—he went out and left me—I know these boots quite well; they are the prisoner's; he had them on that very night—the heels are full of nails, and they are worn on one side—I helped him tear the leather off the heels about a fortnight ago—I lodge in the same house with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I will swear that these are the boots that came from on board ship—you have a fresh pair on now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-94" type="surname" value="GIFFEN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-94" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GIFFEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 562). I took the prisoner at St. George's chambers—on March 6th at 2 p.m., and told him it was for stealing a pair</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310017"/>
<p>of boots, a silk handkerchief and 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he said, "I know nothing of it—he had on the boots he has on now.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners Statemeat before the Magistrate</hi>. "It was not me."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I know nothing about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-392-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-392-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-392-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, April</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-393">
<interp inst="t18790331-393" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-393" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-393-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-393-18790331 t18790331-393-offence-1 t18790331-393-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-393-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-393-18790331" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-393-18790331" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-393-18790331" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-393-18790331" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA WOOD</hi> (20)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-393-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-393-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-393-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>**
<rs id="t18790331-393-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-393-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-393-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a watch, value 13
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18790331-name-96" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-96" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-96" type="surname" value="TRUEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-96" type="given" value="MARIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-393-offence-1 t18790331-name-96"/>Maria Trueman</persName>, having been previously con
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-393-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-393-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-393-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-393-18790331 t18790331-393-punishment-19"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-394">
<interp inst="t18790331-394" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-394" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-394-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-394-18790331 t18790331-394-offence-1 t18790331-394-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-394-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-394-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-394-18790331" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-394-18790331" type="surname" value="SUTHERLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-394-18790331" type="given" value="ALEXANDER EDGAR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER EDGAR SUTHERLAND</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-394-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-394-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-394-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an order for 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-98" type="surname" value="BURTON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-98" type="given" value="FREDERICK WALTER"/>FREDERICK WALTER BURTON</persName> </hi>. I am cashier at the City Bank, Tottenham Court Road branch—Mr. Rowland Plumbe had an account at that branch—on 6th March I cashed this cheque for 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—it purports to be signed by Rowland Plumbe, and was presented by the prisoner at about 10.15—I paid him four 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, Nos. 28847 to 50 inclusive, dated 6th July, 1878, and the rest in gold—on the 7th March the prisoner was brought into the bank and I immediately recognised him—I charged him with having presented the cheque the previous day—he said, "Had I this coat on?"—I said, "I do not know anything about the coat, but I go by the features and the voice"—I have not the least doubt he is the same person—this is one of the cheque books issued by the bank.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. You did not say, "Was the person who got the cheque cashed dressed as I am?"—I am not aware that I ever saw you before that day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-99" type="surname" value="PLUMBE"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-99" type="given" value="ROWLAND"/>ROWLAND PLUMBE</persName> </hi>. I am an architect and surveyor, and live at 13, Fitzroy Square—I keep an account at the City Bank, Tottenham Court Road branch—this is my cheque book—the prisoner was in my service for about 9 months and left last December—I kept the cheque book in a drawer in my office—it was open—the prisoner would know it was there—I was at my office on the 5th March—I live there—this cheque book was in the drawer—the drawer was not locked—this cheque is not written by me or by my authority—my attention was called to it on Thursday, 6th March—I had previously examined my cheque book and found that two counterfoils were taken out—one leaf is torn and cut out with the counterfoils—that is the number of one taken out—I also find that two genuine cheques which have been passed through the bankers are missing—one of these was signed by me in the ordinary way and is payable to J. Palmer—the forged cheque (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is payable to J. Palmer—the genuine cheque had Palmer's en
<lb/>dorsement upon it, and the forged cheque has a similar endorsement—on Thursday morning, March 6th, in consequence of two police officers coming to my premises, I examined the yard and saw marks of someone having got over the wall, and also marks of someone having got into the back office—I had noticed on returning home late the previous night, Wednesday, 5th, that the street door was locked—I was the last up that night—the door was locked, the chain down, and the bolt shut.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> If the cheque had been taken out before the 5th I should</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310018"/>
<p>party of friends in Fleet Street—you said you were going to play at billiards—I have heard you speak about going to Fleet Street, but not what to do, or about a tavern there—I did not call you at 1 o'clock, but I called you afterwards—my mistress employs a brougham to drive about—I remember it being smashed, but not that same night—it gave rise to some talk in the kitchen—Mrs. Pastow stayed that night talking in the kitchen—that pre
<lb/>vented me from calling you at 1—I am certain it was not another night—it was 2 o'clock when you went out—next morning I heard the bell ring, and sent down my son to let you in—the other lodger did not go out that morning—he is in the habit of going out at 6 o'clock—you said you had been waiting about the house till he came down, as you could not open the door—you said nothing about waiting from half-past 4—the door was fastened—the front bell rings on the steps, I believe—the bell, is not outside my bedroom door—the only bells I have noticed are inside the kitchen—I heard the bell; it woke me—there are two bedrooms below and one next to me—I am sure it was a cheque which you told me you expected—I do not remember your getting a paper from Scotland concerning money—I remember your having to sign a paper to send back to get some money on the Wednesday—that was a few days before this occurrence—you told me a week before to tell my mistress you expected some money and would pay her—it was between 10 and 11 by our clock when you returned—r was in the kitchen and went upstairs, and when I came down you told me you would pay me—you passed me in the kitchen—you passed me on the stairs afterwards at the breakfast-room door—I cannot tell whether our clock is fast; it was near 11—the clock varies.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-100" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-100" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am an attendant upon a gentleman who sings at music-halls—I lodge with the prisoner, and we occupy the same bed—on Thursday, 6th March, I went home between 2 and 3 a.m.—I am very often late—the prisoner was not in bed—I went to bed—I do not know what time 1 got up in the morning—I saw the prisoner In the room, and he told me it was half-past 10—up to that time I had not been disturbed, and did not know the prisoner was in the room—I went to see the prisoner at the House of Detention in consequence of a letter I had from him—I cannot tell the date; it was the day after I. received the letter—he asked me to get him some money to provide him with proper food, and to mind some clothes for him which were in his box—in consequence of what he said I removed some of his things into my box—this pipe-case was among them—on the morning the prisoner was taken the servant found the watch and chain—I saw it on the table and I removed it—I had never seen it before—I never saw the prisoner with it—there were often socks lying about—there were some on that morning—I did not see these socks (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I have seen the prisoner with stockings very much like these—they are not mine—the prisoner said nothing about the socks except that some friends had knitted some for him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. Something was said about the brougham coming to grief, but I cannot say if that was the same night—on the night the brougham met with an accident I stayed in the kitchen a little while when they were talking about it—I remember your talking about cricket or billiards, but cannot say it was that night—I do not remember anything about the housekeeper calling you—she told me she was asleep past the time she promised to call you up—I do not remember your being in the kitchen that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310019"/>
<p>party of friends in Fleet Street—you said you were going to play at billiards—I have heard you speak about going to Fleet Street, but not what to do, or about a tavern there—I did not call you at 1 o'clock, but I called you afterwards—my mistress employs a brougham to drive about—I remember it being smashed, but not that same night—it gave rise to some talk in the kitchen—Mrs. Pastow stayed that night talking in the kitchen—that pre
<lb/>vented me from calling you at 1—I am certain it was not another night—it was 2 o'clock when you went out—next morning I heard the bell ring, and sent down my son to let you in—the other lodger did not go out that morning—he is in the habit of going out at 6 o'clock—you said you had been waiting about the house till he came down, as you could not open the door—you said nothing about waiting from half-past 4—the door was fastened—the front bell rings on the steps, I believe—the bell, is not outside my bedroom door—the only bells I have noticed are inside the kitchen—I heard the bell; it woke me—there are two bedrooms below and one next to me—I am sure it was a cheque which you told me you expected—I do not remember your getting a paper from Scotland concerning money—I remember your having to sign a paper to send back to get some money on the Wednesday—that was a few days before this occurrence—you told me a week before to tell my mistress you expected some money and would pay her—it was between 10 and 11 by our clock when you returned—r was in the kitchen and went upstairs, and when I came down you told me you would pay me—you passed me in the kitchen—you passed me on the stairs afterwards at the breakfast-room door—I cannot tell whether our clock is fast; it was near 11—the clock varies.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-101" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-101" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am an attendant upon a gentleman who sings at music-halls—I lodge with the prisoner, and we occupy the same bed—on Thursday, 6th March, I went home between 2 and 3 a.m.—I am very often late—the prisoner was not in bed—I went to bed—I do not know what time 1 got up in the morning—I saw the prisoner In the room, and he told me it was half-past 10—up to that time I had not been disturbed, and did not know the prisoner was in the room—I went to see the prisoner at the House of Detention in consequence of a letter I had from him—I cannot tell the date; it was the day after I. received the letter—he asked me to get him some money to provide him with proper food, and to mind some clothes for him which were in his box—in consequence of what he said I removed some of his things into my box—this pipe-case was among them—on the morning the prisoner was taken the servant found the watch and chain—I saw it on the table and I removed it—I had never seen it before—I never saw the prisoner with it—there were often socks lying about—there were some on that morning—I did not see these socks (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I have seen the prisoner with stockings very much like these—they are not mine—the prisoner said nothing about the socks except that some friends had knitted some for him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. Something was said about the brougham coming to grief, but I cannot say if that was the same night—on the night the brougham met with an accident I stayed in the kitchen a little while when they were talking about it—I remember your talking about cricket or billiards, but cannot say it was that night—I do not remember anything about the housekeeper calling you—she told me she was asleep past the time she promised to call you up—I do not remember your being in the kitchen that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310020"/>
<p>morning at 2 o'clock—when you told me it was half-past 10 I said "it is quite early; I thought it was about 12"—I rose shortly after—you had a pair of leather shoes or moccasins, which you said were made of buffalo-hide—I do not remember whether you had a pair of shoes before you went to Scotland—you used to go downstairs in the leather shoes—before you got them you went down in your stockings to brush your shoes—I remember your getting some grey knitted socks—you wore them, and they used to go to the wash—the grey ones were discarded by that time, and several pairs were lying about the room—going downstairs and into the washhouse in your socks, would leave a mark upon the soles—sometimes we would go out into the yard to brush the boots—I have looked at the socks—there is sufficient dirt to make these socks in the state they are now in—I do not remember the time when I got downstairs that morning—I did not think you wanted to conceal the property.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. At this time he had a pair of leather shoes he had been wearing to go downstairs in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-102" type="surname" value="BOTIBOL"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-102" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>SOLOMON BOTIBOL</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist at 77, Fleet Street—on Thursday, March 6th, I sold this pipe and cigar case to a young man for 2bs.—he paid for it with a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, taken from several others he had in his hand—I gave him the change—I could not say what the notes were—the one I had was a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I keep an account at the London and County Bank, Aldersgate Street branch, and paid this note in there with other money on the 10th March.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-103" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-103" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>CHARLES JOHN WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk at the Bank of England, and produce a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, No. 28849, dated 6th July, 1878—it came into the Bank of England on the 11th March from the London and County Bank, Aldersgate Street branch.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-104" type="surname" value="RAINEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-104" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES RAINEY</persName> </hi>. I am cashier at the London and County Bank, Aiders
<lb/>gate Street branch—Mr. Solomon Botibol has an account there, and on the 10th March he paid in 29
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. including this 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I passed it to the Bank of England.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-105" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-105" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FLETCHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective L</hi>). On Friday, 7th March, I arrested the pri
<lb/>soner at 94, Hercules Buildings—I told him he was suspected of uttering a forged cheque in the name of Mr. Plumbe—I said "I want you to go to Tottenham Court Road with me"—on the way I said, "You know Mr. Plumbe, don't you?" he said "Yes, I have been in his employment"—at the bank he was identified by the clerk, Mr. Burton, and the prisoner said, "Did I have the same clothes on as I have got now?"—Mr. Burton said he did not know, he recognised him by his features—when charged at the police station he said nothing—I went to his lodgings on the 8th March—I saw some socks—I found 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold in a box, and 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in gold in the table drawer—this watch and chain were handed to me by the witness Edwards—I went again on the 13th March and brought away the pair of socks which have been produced here—I noticed mud at the bottom and it looked fresher than now—I saw this pipe and cigar case in his box on the 8th—on the 13th Edwards handed it to me, and I brought it away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw no other socks with dirt on them—I did not examine a locked box—I have a bunch of keys I took from you at Totten
<lb/>ham Court Road—I examined the large box—I saw a pair of shoes out at one of the sides, but the soles were good—I went to your lodgings the night the forgery was discovered and inquired for you—I left word that Harry</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310021"/>
<p>had called for some money—I was obliged to make some excuse—the next morning I sent to say a gentleman wanted to see you—you went voluntarily to Tottenham Court Road with me quietly when I asked you to go—I took you to the cashier—he had seen me before on the Thursday night—he might be aware you were the person sent for—I did not make any motion to him—he did not notice us when we first came in—he told you he recog
<lb/>nised you by your features.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner in a long defence explained the mode in which he passed his time on the night in question, and accounted for the dirt upon the stockings through going into the yard; and he also stated that there were three other notes which he had not been charged with: a cheque and two counterfoils, and two cheques which had been used and obliterated were abstracted from the cheque book also: they were missing and had not been found, and his lodgings had been searched repeatedly.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18790331-394-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-394-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-394-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> of uttering</rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-394-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-394-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-394-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-394-18790331 t18790331-394-punishment-20"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, April</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Stephen.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-395">
<interp inst="t18790331-395" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-395" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-395-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-395-18790331 t18790331-395-offence-1 t18790331-395-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-395-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-395-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-395-18790331" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-395-18790331" type="surname" value="PERRYMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-395-18790331" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-395-18790331" type="occupation" value="stonemason"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS PERRYMAN</hi> (31)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18790331-395-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-395-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-395-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for, and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18790331-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-107" type="surname" value="PERRYMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-107" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-395-offence-1 t18790331-name-107"/>Frances Perryman</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSES. MONTAGU WIILIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WARNER SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-108" type="surname" value="STREVENS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-108" type="given" value="ELIZABETH ANN"/>ELIZABETH ANN STREVENS</persName> </hi>. I live at 29, Harmood Street, Kentish Town, with my husband, Henry Strevens—the prisoner lived in the same house with his mother, Frances Perryman, in the first-floor back—we lived in the front room on the same floor—on Wednesday afternoon, 5th February, I went out about 2 o'clock—I returned about 5 o'clock and went upstairs—the prisoner came in about five minutes after; I heard him, I did not see him; he went into his room—I then heard a scuffle, I heard his mother's voice; I did not hear her speak more than once, I could not hear the words that she used—it was when I heard the scuffle that I heard her voice—I thought there was something the matter—I had seen Mrs. Perryman between 12 and 1 o'clock that day; that Was the last time I saw her, I did not speak to her then; she went through the passage—when I heard the scuffle I went down to the landlady and spoke to her—while I was speaking to her I heard the prisoner come downstairs and go out; it seemed directly after I had come down, I should think it was about 10 minutes from the time I heard him go into the room until I heard him go out—I did not notice what time it was, it was a little after 5 o'clock—I continued speaking to the landlady, and the prisoner came in again in an instant and went up into his room—I mean he returned in an instant after he had gone out; I heard him come in and go upstairs again—I then went up to my room; I thought I heard the prisoner crying, I came down again directly and spoke to the landlady, and while doing so I heard the prisoner go out again—he would have to pass the door of the room, it was closed—immediately afterwards the landlady and her husband went upstairs and I followed; the room door was locked and the key was in it, outside—they knocked and received no answer—I think the landlord called "Mrs. Perryman" three times; they then opened the door and went in; I followed into the roo—I saw Mrs. Perryman lying on the bed on her left side—she was dead, but warm, the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310022"/>
<p>bed clothes were all round up to her throat, covered up, right up to her ears—she had her clothes on—I did not notice the state of her dress then; I felt her forehead, she felt as if she had just gone, still warm—I did nothing else—the landlord left to get a doctor—a policeman afterwards came—nothing was done to the body or the clothes by me or the landlady, the clothes were not disturbed at all—the deceased and the prisoner had been living in the house about four months—she was a sober woman—he was not a sober man—I don't think he was in any work at this time—I had not seen him earlier in the day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not conversant with the contents of their room, I had never been in it before—the deceased's head was at the foot of the bed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I heard the prisoner go upstairs twice; I did not see him either time; I thought it must be him because nobody else had any business there—I did not hear anything to make me sure it was him—I heard the deceased's voice, but did not hear what she said.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. The prisoner and his mother slept in the same room; they had a second room; they did not use it—the prisoner always slept in the same room with his mother.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-109" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-109" type="surname" value="RUDD"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-109" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE RUDD</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Lewis Rudd, of 39, Harmood Street—I am the landlady—the prisoner and his mother had been lodging there about four months; they occupied the first-floor back—the prisoner is a stonemason by trade; he was not in work at the time this occurred—I do not think he had been in work for 9 or 10 weeks—Mrs. Perryman was nearly 70 years of age, she told me she was just on 70—she did nothing for her living—they both used the same room—I believe there were some articles in the other room, but not a bed in it, there was one bed in the room which they both used—the prisoner told me that he himself slept in a corner of the room on the floor—on Wednesday, 5th February, I saw Mrs. Perryman between 11 and 12 o'clock in the day, I was in the back parlour and saw her go out with a pail and return with it—she appeared in her usual health at that time; she was dressed in her ordinary day clothing; she did not speak to me; I saw her out of the parlour window; that was the last time I saw her, I heard her afterwards—I generally saw her every day, sometimes she was rather bad and unable to go out, but latterly, for the last few weeks, she was in her usual health as far as I know—I don't remember hearing her after about 2 o'clock that day, she was then going through the passage from the street to go upstairs—I had not seen the prisoner that afternoon—I heard him go out about 1 o'clock—besides Mrs. Strevens there was a man and his wife lodging in an ante-room, a back room on the stairs, they were both out that day—about 5 o'clock that afternoon I saw Mrs. Strevens come in and the prisoner came in about live minutes after Mrs. Strevens went upstairs—I did not see the prisoner come in, I heard him—I thought it was him by the walk, he went upstairs—about eight or ten minutes afterwards Mrs. Strevens came down and made a statement to me and while she was speaking to me I heard the prisoner come down and go out, and I saw him through the parlour window—I saw him run out from the street door and out of the gate and up the street, he appeared madly excited, he ran and threw up his arms and legs, he seemed to fly almost, he did not pass by the window, he went the other way—he returned in what appeared to be not more than a minute or a minute and a half—I caught sight of him as he returned but</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310023"/>
<p>not distinctly, it was getting dusk—my husband saw him—he went upstairs leaving the street door wide open, it opens with a latch key, he usually had one—Mrs. Strevens was still with me in the front parlour, she went upstairs, my husband came home at the time—Mrs. Strevens had been gone only a minute or so before she ran down again and made a statement to me—I heard the prisoner come downstairs again and go out and shut the door—I did not see him at all on that occasion, I only heard him—I ran upstairs immedi
<lb/>ately and went to the door of the back room first floor—I knocked loudly and called Mrs. Perryman three times by name—I got no answer or any sound of any kind—my husband came up immediately after—he knocked three times and called; he then opened the door, we got a light, and went in—the door was locked and the key left on the outside—there was no light or fire in the room; when we went in we saw Mrs. Perryman lying on the bed: there was no sign of life at all in her—she was lying partially on the left side, with the knees drawn up; her head was towards the foot of the bed; lying on pillows and bolster; they were placed underneath her head, about a foot from the foot of the bedstead—the bedclothes were partially covered over her up round the ears, and part of an old black shawl was wrapped round the neck—there were not many bedclothes—she was wear
<lb/>ing boots and stockings and her legs were drawn up and exposed to the knees—she was fully dressed—I got a looking-glass and placed it to her mouth, but I saw no sign of breath—I did not move the clothes in the least—I noticed no marks about her at that time—we did not know that any
<lb/>thing had happened to her then—my husband felt the pulse of her left hand, which was outside the coverlid, and I felt her forehead—my husband ran for a doctor, there were two or three tables in the room, but it was all in a state of confusion—there was nothing overturned—I believe it always had been in that state, I have heard so but I have not been inside the room—there were no signs of disturbance, nothing to attract my attention—there were two or three chairs in the room—I remained in the room while my husband had gone for the doctor—I dare say we were there for an hour or more; he was not able to get a doctor for some considerable time—I re
<lb/>mained there till Mr. Shoppee came—my husband fetched a policeman when he could not get a doctor—he did not disturb the body or the clothes, he came and looked but did not touch, he fetched another constable—when Mr. Shoppee came he looked at the deceased and thought that her death might have arisen from a blow—there was a large lump on her forehead, but that was a tumour—the doctor did nob disturb the clothes at all—nothing was done with the room after the doctor left, it was locked up and the body was left in the room that night, the door was locked and I had the key—about 9 o'clock or a little before, that same night, the prisoner came to the house, he went straight upstairs—I had the key of the room at that time—he came down immediately and asked for the key—I said the police had got it—my husband came in at the front door and confronted the prisoner at the foot of the stairs; he said, "Are you aware what has occurred upstairs?" the prisoner said, "Unfortunately I am"—he said, "I ran for brandy and I ran all the way to Holloway;" he muttered something else not quite distinct, about having friends, and walked out of the house—he was not sober then, he came back again but I did not admit him, I kept the chain on the door, he was not allowed to come into the house that night—about 12 or between 12 and 1 that same night, Inspector Dodd came with another</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310024"/>
<p>Inspector—I gave him the key of the room and went up with him—in con-sequence of what my husband had told him, he uncovered the deceased's throat, and I saw a mark round the throat quite distinctly—I had seen that before, I went up with my husband previous to that, I think about 11 o'clock, he uncovered the throat, then I saw the mark, and I noticed that her dress was unfastened from the stays down to the waist—the stays were un
<lb/>fastened and the dress also and the chemise, literally quite bare to the waist—I think my husband covered the clothes over again, and I locked the room up again—after the Inspector had left the room we locked it up again until Inspector Dodd with Sergeant Lucas came next morning; about half past 9, I gave him the key and went into the room with him—I saw them examine the body—I don't remember noticing this red handkerchief until after the death, I saw it round the deceased's neck when the Inspector and Sergeant Lucas were there—I saw Sergeant Lucas take it from the neck, it was hanging quite loose—the body was taken away about 7 o'clock that even
<lb/>ing to the mortuary—that would be Thursday evening; she was removed in the same state, with the clothes on—after the police had made a further examination of the place, the key of the room was given to me—I did not know much about Mrs. Perryman's means—I don't know anything about this black handkerchief—I remember a foreign letter coming for her about Christmas time—the deceased told me that it came from Australia, 18,000 miles off—I believe I should know the envelope again, it was a square en
<lb/>velope—a young lady brought it to the door and I called Mrs. Perryman downstairs to receive it from her—I should say this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the envelope, but I could not be quite positive; it had either three or four stamps on it, I think this was about three weeks before Christmas, but that I am not quite sure of.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner returned to the house several times after 9 o'clock, and I refused to let him in or his brother—the brother came several times also—there was no sign of any struggle when I went first into the room—the bed was greatly in confusion—there was no sign of any struggle on the bed—when we first went to the door the key was on the outside of the door and locked—I do not know anything about the furniture that was in the room—I had never been inside the room, only to the door—when my husband said to the prisoner, "Are you aware what has happened?" I believe his reply was, "Unfortunately I do"—I think he said, "I know she has gone, poor old soul; you don't know our circumstances"—I could not say whether he appeared to be sober when I saw him run out in the afternoon—I said before the Coroner, "He walked as if sober that afternoon, but in the evening when he returned he was the worse for drink"—that is correct—that was after I had refused him admittance.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-110" type="surname" value="BUDD"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-110" type="given" value="JAMES LEWIS"/>JAMES LEWIS BUDD</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of the last witness—on 5th February I came home about 5.15—as I approached the house I saw the prisoner coming down the street towards the house—he turned into the small garden in front of the house in front of me, went in, and left the door wide open and went upstairs—I went into my own room—while I was there with my wife Mrs. Strevens came downstairs—while she was speaking to in I heard, as I supposed, the prisoner come downstairs and go out; that was not more than 3 minutes after he had gone up—after he had gone out my wife and Mrs. Strevens went upstairs; they called me and I followed them up; I knocked at the door three or four times, and called "Mrs.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310025"/>
<p>Perryman" each time—the door was locked and the key was on the outside; getting no answer I asked Mrs. Strevens for a light, and I went into the room, and behind the door, lying on the bed, I saw the body of Mrs. Perry
<lb/>man she was lying partially on her left side; her head was towards the foot of the bed; the door opens close to the bed; her head was about half a yard from the foot of the bed—I felt her pulse directly I went in; she was quite warm—I could not see any part of her neck—I went out to try and find a doctor—I first removed the clothes about 10 o'clock, after I had been and heard a remark from the prisoner's brother; they were torn completely open in front—I met the prisoner on the stain about 9 o'clock—at that time the room had been locked up—he was under the influence of liquor—I asked him if he knew what had occurred upstairs—he said, "Unfortunately I do, but you don't know our circumstances; I have been for brandy, and I ran all the way to Hollo way"—that was all that was said; he then went out of the house—he was in a very excitable state; he burst out crying whilst he was speaking to me—I next saw him about 10 o'clock at the Prince of Wales public-house at the corner of the street, about 80 yards from the house; I was in the private bar then, he was in the public bar opposite—I could see him quite distinctly; he was speaking to a person whom I have since found out was his brother, William Henry Perryman—they were quarrelling together; the brother was trying to stand up from a fall, and the prisoner was trying to push him down—I heard the brother say, "You told me you hung your mother," or words to that effect; that was when the prisoner was trying to push his brother down into the seat; he pushed him down, and said, "You shut up"—I did not hear anything else said—they were both drunk—in consequence of what I heard there I went back to my house and told my wife, and then it was that I went upstairs and saw the marks; I removed a portion of the garments round the throat and chin, and by the light of the lamp I saw the red mark round the throat; that was, I believe, the first time that the clothing had been touched—in consequence of what I saw I consulted a friend and then went to the police-station; Inspector Dodd followed me back—the door of the room remained locked during the night—the prisoner came there several times and the brother also, they came separately—I don't know when the brother came first; it was after I had seen him at the public-house—I did not admit either of them—the brother came again about 7 in the morning—I got up and went out to look for a policeman, and the brother followed me while I was looking for the police
<lb/>man as far as the Shipton public-house—he went in there and brought the prisoner out, and that was the last I saw of the prisoner until he was in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> In the public-house they both appeared to me to be considerably the worse for drink.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I could not swear exactly to the words the brother used; they were, "You hung your mother," or "You told me you hung your mother;" it was one of those two; I am not sure which; that was what I meant by saying "or words to that effect."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-111" type="surname" value="'DODO"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-111" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES 'DODO</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector Y</hi>). On Wednesday night, 5th Feb
<lb/>ruary, at midnight, Mr. Rudd came to the Kentish Town Police station; in consequence of what he said I went to 39, Harmood Street—on the way I saw the prisoner at the top of Harmood Street; he was drunk; he looked Very excited in his manner—he said to me "Where can I get a bed?"—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310026"/>
<p>told him at a coffee-house—he made no reply—I followed him to a coffee-house close by, 44, Ferdinand Street, and engaged him a bed, and he went in there—I directed an officer to watch the house—I then went to 39 Harmood Street, to the first-floor back room; Mrs. Rudd opened the door and I saw the woman lying on the bed; I then saw the mark on the neck; I did not make any full examination then; I merely looked at the mark, and cleared the room of the people that were in, locked the door, and gave the key to Mrs. Rudd with directions that no one should enter till I returned in the morning—next morning I went there at 9.30 with Sergeant Lucas—I then examined the woman; I moved a black shawl that was round the neck, which I had covered up on the previous night; it had been put there and removed by the witness Rudd, and I covered up the neck again with it in the same state in which it was—I removed it and the bedclothing to the waist—I saw this red handkerchief lying loosely round the neck on to the breast, in this position (
<hi rend="italic">describing it</hi>)—I directed Lucas to remove it, which he did, and I took possession of it; it was precisely in the same condition when he removed it as it is now, with this knot in it, and it was torn exactly as it is now—I noticed that the clothing she was wearing had been undone to the waist, the dress, stays, and chemise; it was a very old chemise, and it was low down towards the waist; it was unfastened, or looked as if it had been torn; it looked as if they had all come away at once—I noticed a mark round the neck—she was fully dressed; she was lying partially on her left side, her knees drawn up, and the head was very much elevated on pillows—the room was in a very dirty state—I did not see any appearance of any struggle having taken place—I noticed a cupboard with a door to it; it had on it an ordinary iron hat-peg; that was unbroken; there was nothing attached to it—I found this piece of cord in the room, which was used as a. clothes-line; it was suspended across the room fastened to two nails, one on each side of the room—the hat-peg was six feet from the ground—there was nothing underneath it—I examined the floor; the size of the room was 12 feet by 11—the room door opened against the bedstead, on the right as you go in—the Chief Inspector arranged for the body to be removed—Sergeant Lucas searched the room in my presence to see if he could find any money—no money was found—I did not smell or see any spirits in the room—the body was removed about half-past 6 on the Thursday evening—I saw the prisoner during that day; I first saw him about 11 at the Prince of Wales public-house; he was not sober; I did not speak to him—I saw next about half-past 1 in the day; he was not sober then; that was at the Kentish Town Police-station—he was brought there in custody on a charge of drunkenness—he was searched in my presence, and this small black handkerchief was taken from his breast coat-pocket; there was nothing in it; the money was in his waistcoat pocket; 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was taken from him, and five pawnbrokers'duplicates, one for two neckties on 11th January, 1879, for 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in the name of Williams; on 18th January, 1879, a hammer for 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the name of Johnson; on 27th January five tools for 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the same name; on 28th January 23 tools and a bag for 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the same name; and on 29th January six silver tea-spoons and sugar-tongs for 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the name of Thomas Payne, pledged at Mr. Alworthy's, 5, Lismore Circus, Haverstock Hill; the others were pledged at another pawnbroker's named Thompson close by—I also found on him this latch-key—as he was going to the cells he said "Give me that money; what are you going to do with it?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310027"/>
<p>it was my mother's, poor old girl; she has been dead these two months, and buried in Finchley Cemetery"—he was drunk—I next spoke to him at 1.30 p. m. at the Marylebone Police-court—he was then sober—I said "You will be charged on suspicion of having caused the death of your mother, Frances Perryman, at 39, Harmood Street, on the 5th instant"—he said "Very well"—he made a long pause, and then said "Me kill the poor old girl 1"—I cautioned him; I told him that anything he said might be used in evidence; I said that before he said anything—I then held up this black handkerchief, and said "How do you account for the possession of this hand
<lb/>kerchief?"—he said "I suppose that is what the money was wrapped in"—I said "How do you account for the possession of the money?"—he said "That is change for a sovereign I found about the poor old girl"—he after
<lb/>wards corrected himself, and said "No, it must have been in the handker
<lb/>chief on the mantelshelf"—that was all that passed—the charge was then entered, and he was taken before the Magistrate the same day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not take any note of the articles of furniture that were in the room—I noticed, but did not take any note—there were chairs, only one bed—I saw a tub, it was like a tub cut in two—it is here—the iron peg behind the door was an ordinary one for hanging dresses on, screwed into the door—it was about 6 feet from the ground—I measured it at 9.30 on the Thursday morning—I went there first, about 1 o'clock on the Thurs
<lb/>day morning, or a little after—it was on my second visit at 9.30 that I measured it—I should say the tub stood about 2 feet high from the floor—this red handkerchief is torn, and broken short off at the knot—that is precisely as I found it—it was severed, and lying loosely on the neck. Re-examined. The parts where it is severed were lying close together—I could see the two ends—I could see that it was severed when Lucas took it up—the tub was empty—I should think it had been used for washing purposes—it is about 20 inches in diameter—it was behind a chest of drawers, which as I entered the room faced the door—then there was a distance between the back of the chest of drawers to the cupboard door of about 5 feet, and the end of the tub was up against the drawers, or nearly so—the tub was standing on its side against the wall—the open part was lying out into the room—(
<hi rend="italic">The witness drew a sketch of the room</hi>)—the tub stood be
<lb/>tween the drawers and the cupboard—the cupboard door is here (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the peg is now broken—at the time I examined the room the peg was screwed on all right—the witness is here who broke it—the tub was standing about 8 inches from the cupboard door—I believe the object of the drawers standing out from the wall was that the prisoner should have a bed there where he could lie, but there was nothing of the kind there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-112" type="surname" value="LUCAS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-112" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS LUCAS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant Y</hi>). I went with the last witness to the house, and was present while he examined the place—I assisted in searching the room—I found some papers there, amongst them the envelope of one from Australia—another witness will produce the letter—we found three or four Australian letters—the Coroner's officer has one, dated 7th October,* 1878, it was taken charge of before I was there—I have heard Inspector Dodd describe the manner in which this handkerchief was found round the neck—it was an accurate description.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-113" type="surname" value="SHOPPEE"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-113" type="given" value="EDWARD COLLETT"/>EDWARD COLLETT SHOPPEE</persName> </hi>. I am a M.R.C.S., and a registered medical practitioner, living at 233, Kentish Town Road—on Wednesday, 5th February, the police fetched me to 39, Harmood Street—I got there about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310028"/>
<p>6.10—I went up into the back room first-floor, and saw the woman lying dead on the bed—her head was towards the door as you entered the room, propped up by several pillows, and a bolster folded underneath her shoulders—there was an interval between the pillows and the iron work of the bed—the upper portion of the body was covered up with old bedclothing right up to the face; the lower portion was uncovered, to the extent of a couple of feet perhaps, up to the knees—I saw that she had her clothing on—she was quite dead—the body was cooling, but still warm—I thought she had been dead about an hour—I did not notice any smell of spirits in the room—my attention was called to a swelling on the deceased's right temple—I asked if it was recent, and I was told yes—I was of opinion at that time that it was possibly a mark of violence—I afterwards ascertained that it was an old wen from a tumour—I did not make any examination of the state of the body at that time, except to ascertain the fact of life or death—I did not uncover the neck; I only felt the condition of the hand to see if there was any pulsation—having satisfied myself that she was dead, I made no further examination—I did not see the handkerchief at that time—I reported the matter to the Coroner's officer—I was afterwards directed to make a post-
<hi rend="italic">mortem</hi> examination—I made it on Friday the 7th at the mortuary, St. Pancras—the divisional surgeon of the police, Mr. Downes, was present—I have my original notes made at the time in the mortuary—externally I found the body was fairly nourished—she appeared to be a little over 70—there was a cluster of blood spots at the top of the left thigh; that is usually found in cases of suffocation, arising from various causes—there was not very much
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> staining—the lividity of the body was not very great—I found a mark on the neck which began three fingers' breadth below the right ear, and passed backwards round the back of the neck, and under the chin, terminating with a deep dent on the margin of the lower jaw-bone—it ex
<lb/>tended round the neck, across the left side to about an inch in front of the angle of the jaw, fading off into a pink line on the right cheek—the mark varied in width from a quarter to half an inch, broader behind, but mow deeply indented in front, particularly so at its termination—the colour of the mark was a light mahogany brown, and the skin was parchment-like to the touch—I believe it was a mark made during life—there was no blood or froth from the mouth or nose; the eyes were not congested; the clothing and the buttocks of the deceased were soiled by a motion—the palms of the hands were not marked by the print of finger nails, but both palms and nails were livid—on turning back the skin corresponding to the mark, the super
<lb/>ficial muscles were found somewhat blanched internally—the liver and kidneys were healthy, the stomach was half-full of partially digested food, composed of meat and vegetable matter—there was no smell of alcohol—the stomach itself was healthy, the heart was healthy, containing an ounce or more of dark fluid blood in the right ventricle, the left side empty; the aorta, the principal bloodvessel, was healthy; there was some evidence of old disease at the top of the right lung—on section the lobes appeared deeply congested, mostly so at the base, with frothy mucus of a dark bloody colour—the right bronchial tube was intensely congested, and its divisions filled up with frothy bloody mucus; on the left side similar appearances—the trachea was much congested, diminishing towards the upper end—the trachea or larynx was uninjured, the tongue pale and not bitten, the superficial vessels of the brain were slightly congested, the brain</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310029"/>
<p>healthy—the upper portion of the spinal cord healthy, the vertebrae un
<lb/>injured—that was all—the marks I saw on the neck might have been caused by this handkerchief—in my judgment the cause of death was strangulation—I should think in this case constriction of the neck would not have to be kept up more than a minute and a half before death would be caused—I think that would be quite sufficient time to cause death—I saw no other cause of death but the strangulation; I should think it was accelerated by fear—in my judgment she could not herself have inflicted the marks I saw on the neck by strangulation—in my judgment she could not have used this handkerchief in a way to strangle herself, from the marks I saw; she had not power enough to produce such deep indentations—in my judgment the marks on the neck might have been caused by hanging herself, if a specially arranged loop had been made.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I mean, if a running knot had been made, but then we should not have had the absence of the 2 1/2 inches mark on the neck; if these two ends had been tied together and hung on a nail such as that, and her head thrust through it, she might have been suspended, and that might have made the appearances I saw, but not with a running noose; if it had been tied at the ends and hung on a nail and the woman was suspended in it, it might have caused such marks; that is, if a person in order to hang themselves had first of all tied a tight knot and placed the two ends together and then put the loop over the peg, and then put the head into the loop, in that way it might be done, but the chances on the contrary are that the body might fall out before death had taken place—there was no connecting mark on the throat or neck; if done in the way suggested it would account for the marks on the back part of the neck as well—it depends upon whether the woman hung herself sideways or with her face to the door—there must have been a great deal of pressure on the back of the neck—if a person wanted to commit suicide in that way, one would presume they could not do otherwise than fix the loop under the chin; if that were done one would expect to find a deep mark there—I wanted to put it in every possible light, and it occurred to me that supposing by accidental circumstances the woman, instead of putting it in that way, put her face sideways instead of having her back to the door, and getting the pressure under the chin, she had gone in a side way direction facing the bed or window, then you might get the interval of 2 1/2 inches; then the pressure would come under the angle of the jaw on one side—if done in that way I should expect to find a point where there was no pressure behind—if a person was lying on a bed and you put a loop round the neck and exerted, great pressure, that pressure would show at every point except where the cords did not cross; if on the other hand a person exerts the pressure by their own weight, then the indentation must prevail about the point where the weight of the body acts; the pressure could not come, and the marks could not be made on that part of the body where the weight did not act—if a person hung herself with such a loop as I have described the body would probably swing about in one way or other, but the point where the cords would not cross must almost of necessity he at the back of the neck—I put forward the fact of a person hanging herself in the way described as a remote possibility.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Then just see if this expresses your view quite accurately: "I think that if a person did hang herself in a loop, it would be possible, but highly improbable, that such an indentation as I saw in this case should appear on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310030"/>
<p>the back of the neck, as the chin must be put through the loop, and the weight of the body, in the absence of a running noose, would be thrown on the fore part and sides of the neck."
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Quite. so; I assent to that.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. Assuming that the woman was on the bed and that some person had used this handkerchief for the purpose of strangling her the marks I saw were consistent with that; if the handerchief had been worn round the neck as it ordinarily is, by just catching hold of the two ends and pulling backwards and upwards, if the woman was lying on the bed, that would be sufficient—the pink mark on the cheek showed that there was an upward direction used—the distortion is generally greater in strangulation than in hanging, because, as a rule, more violence is used—in this case there was not what I should term great distortion—I have said that the death might have been caused by strangulation, accelerated by fear, because terror has been known to do so; I do not say so from the
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> appearance—the motion would come from her just at the time of death—she was rather peculiarity dressed, she wore men's trousers—I could not form any opinion as to what position she was in when the motion came from her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> In my opinion death from strangulation inflicted by her
<lb/>self was impossible—suffocation by suspension by herself is very remotely possible; there is a remote possibility—in death by strangulation I should expect to find considerable distortion, as a rule—there was a decided absence of distortion in this case—the mark on the neck was over the whole circum
<lb/>ference of the neck except about 2 1/2 inches—if the head was in an ordinary position the mark would be slightly oblique; it depends on the way in which you have the head—obliquity is more common in death by suspension, and the mark is generally high up; in strangulation it is more circular—there must have been a good deal of violence to produce such a mark as I saw—I should not have expected to find the remains of a considerable struggle on the bed—if it had been done in the room, and the body subsequently placed on the bed, I should have expected to find signs of a considerable struggle, if strangulation had been inflicted with considerable violence—I have not seen any death caused by hanging—I cannot tell how many I have seen from strangulation; I have seen bodies after death, but I have not taken part in the examination of any from strangulation—I have not made any examina
<lb/>tion in either case; I have made plenty of
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examinations in other cases—I have said that the muscles were blanched—I should not expect to find the muscles dark in colour under the mark—I do not think in hanging by a loose noose that the weight of the body would necessarily cause it to swing, unless it was suspended from a tree; it depends from what point you suspend it, if you suspended it from that gas branch it might; if suspended from that hook it would be quite unlikely to twist right round—supposing a person had a low stool or something underneath to raise themselves from the ground, and kicked it away, if the noose was loose, it would be quite unlikely that the body, if against a door, would swing round.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I do not know what the weight of the deceased's body was; she was fairly nourished; she was about 5 feet 4 inches in height.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The distortion of the features depends a good deal on the amount of time during which the constriction is kept up; if quickly removed, in cases of hanging, even in judicial executions, there would be very little distortion—I have said that in this case it would not take more than a minute and a half to effect strangulation; if after that time the ligature was removed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310031"/>
<p>I should expect to find very little distortion—the degree of distortion would depend partly on the violence used and partly on the time during which the process lasted—it would require extraordinary resolution for a person to keep up the pressure for a minute and a half on their own person, they would become insensible; if they became insensible and the hands relaxed, the cords would at once become loose, therefore it would be morally impossible that any person could strangle themselves and produce the mark on them
<lb/>selves otherwise than by hanging.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-114" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-114" type="surname" value="DOWNBS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-114" type="given" value="DENNIS SYDNEY"/>DENNIS SYDNEY DOWNBS</persName> </hi>. I am a M.RC.S. of Dublin, and surgeon to the police at Kentish Town—I was present with Mr. Shoppee at the time the
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination was made on the body of the deceased—I have heard the account that he has given as the result of that examination, and agree with him in what he has said as to the appearance of the body—I took part with him in the examination—I think the cause of death was strangula
<lb/>tion; it would have, required great violence to produce the marks I saw—I think it is possible that a person could have produced such a mark upon themselves by strangulation—I have seen it in the living—it would require considerable strength to do it, long-continued constriction—a person would he likely to lose consciousness in the attempt—I do not think that a woman of 70 could have used such violence as this without losing consciousness—I have a case in my mind where a drunken woman in a cell got her bonnet strings round her neck, and I was called in to cut her down, there was a very strong mark there, the strings were tied tightly, and she could not undo them; in that case the strangulation would go on after the loss of con
<lb/>sciousness—if the strings were not tied constriction would cease—the mark I saw could be produced by suspension—I do not moan by hanging in the ordinary way, except by a regulated noose, not by the handkerchief I have seen—I agree with what Mr. Shoppee has said with regard to a running noose—it would have to be done in the way he described, in a noose, a loop would not do it; it would not make that mark en the neck—a prepared noose would be continuous—I do not think it possible that the mark could he produced by a prepared loop, because the mark did not unite, there was an interval of 2 1/2 inches—I am of opinion that it was produced by the hand
<lb/>kerchief put round the neck, and caught by the hand.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. A person might make a mark round their neck by hang
<lb/>ing themselves, but if hung in a running noose it would make a mark right round the neck—this mark must have been made by a loop, not by a noose—the hanging by the loop would not produce a similar mark, the mark would not go all round the neck, and it would be differently placed—in my judgment this mark was caused by strangulation.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi> The frayed part of this handkerchief is about three quarters of an inch from the knot, a woman's head could go into that space if the two ends were put together; if she stood sideways to the hook on the door, and kicked something away on which she was standing that might account for the want of continuity round the neck, but it would be differently placed, it would be placed posteriorly—if the noose was placed on the hook, and then she put her head into it, and then kicked away the object on which she stood, I don't think that would account for the want of continuity of the mark round the neck; I feel sure of that; the continuity would be greater, there would be a larger space between the ends; they would not meet where they did—there would be a want of continuity, but it would be a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310032"/>
<p>very large amount of it—the face was placid and pale in colour when I saw it—that was on the Friday at 2.30 in the afternoon—there was a certain amount of lividity of the palms of the hands, and they were clenched, but not closed—there was not so much lividity as you would find in extreme violence, that is from hanging—you may have them violently clenched some
<lb/>times, they vary very much—I could not form any definite opinion from the state of the hands as I found them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I agree with Mr. Shoppee that the amount of distortion would depend upon whether the constriction was quickly removed or not—if quickly removed there would be very little distortion—it would depend upon the amount of the violence and the time at which the constriction was kept up—death would be caused by the constriction very rapidly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-115" type="surname" value="PIMM"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-115" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH PIMM</persName> </hi>. I am barman to my uncle, who keeps the Prince of Wales public-house—I had known the prisoner as a customer for about three months before this matter occurred—on Wednesday, 5th February, I saw him in the Prince of Wales, about 7 o'clock in the evening, with his brother—I did not know his brother before—they were in front of the bar; they were sober; they had nothing to drink in the house then—the brother said to him "You have hung my mother; you told me you have hung my mother"—the prisoner made no reply—the remark was made in an angry tone by the brother; they were on the other side of the bar—I know Mr. Rudd—I did not notice him there at the time; he was a customer of ours—they were sitting down on the other side of the bar at the time, and after that they rose up and walked out in two or three minutes—about 9 o'clock that evening I saw the prisoner again—there was another man there named Cowten—the prisoner was in a very excited state; I served him with two threes of brandy hot; he paid me with a sovereign, which he took from his breast pocket, it seemed to come from a corner of a black handkerchief like this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>); he took it out of the handkerchief and handed it to me to pay for the brandy, and I gave him 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—I did not notice what he did with the change; he left without drinking the brandy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave my evidence to the Treasury, but not before the Magistrate or Coroner—in my opinion they were both perfectly sober when the brother said this, and they were both sitting down at the time, they got up and went out together—Cowten was present when the prisoner took the sovereign from the handkerchief.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I knew Cowten before, he is a jobbing gardener; he did not come in with the prisoner when he changed the sovereign, he was present at the time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-116" type="surname" value="GIBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-116" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH GIBSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 17, Mansfield Road, Kentish Town—the prisoner and his mother used to live in the adjoining house to me—I left on 12th October—I saw her frequently and spoke to her—I noticed that she kept her money in a black silk handkerchief with a fringe to it—that is the one produced—she kept it tied up in a knot rolled up in her bosom.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-117" type="surname" value="APPLEBY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-117" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS APPLEBY</persName> </hi>. I live at 46, Harmood Street, and am an assistant to Mrs. Austin, a greengrocer—I knew Mrs. Perryman as a customer between three and four months; she used to come and order coals—on Wednesday, 5th February, she came to the shop a little after 2 and ordered some coals; they were to be sent in shortly afterwards, but I never took them; she did not pay for them; she told me to bring change for 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she seemed about the same as usual—our shop is about three minutes' walk from where she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310033"/>
<p>lived—she had her bonnet on and was dressed in the ordinary way, and had on a very dark veil.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-118" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-118" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Alworthy, a pawnbroker, of 5, Lismore Circus, Haverstock Hill—I knew Mrs. Perryman—on 22nd July last she pledged with me six tea spoons and some sugar tongs for 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I kept one ticket and gave her the other—on 16th January the prisoner came to the shop; I saw him; he brought the ticket, and asked for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. more on the spoons—I did that, made out a fresh ticket for 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and gave it him; I kept the old one—on 29th January he came again, and Wanted all they were worth—I made out a fresh ticket for 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—this is the ticket (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>); it is my writing—on the Monday or Tuesday in the next week Mrs. Perryman called and spoke about the spoons, and gave me some directions—I had not been in the habit of seeing her very often; she appeared the same as usual on the Monday or Tuesday—after she spoke to me I wrote something on the ticket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">proposed to ask what directions the deceased gave the witness as to the spoons, also to produce the ticket to show what memo
<lb/>randum the witness made upon it.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected, the matter taking place in the absence of the prisoner.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE STEPHEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">entertaining some doubt as to the admissibility of the evidence, it was not pressed.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had known the woman before as a customer pledging things.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-119" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-119" type="given" value="JOHN HODSDEN"/>JOHN HODSDEN MURRAY</persName> </hi>. I am the Coroner's officer—I visited this house after this occurrence—I found this letter in a drawer—the drawer was closed and on pulling the slide back I found the letter in a recess. (
<hi rend="italic">This was a tetter dated from California</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th October</hi>, 1878,
<hi rend="italic">purporting to come from a niece of the deceased, enclosing a draft for</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-120" type="surname" value="PENN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-120" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK PENN</persName> </hi>. I am timekeeper at Betts's tinfoil manufactory, Birkbeck Road, Upper Holloway—I knew William Henry Perryman; he used to work at the factory as a caster—I did not know where he lived—he used to come to work daily—on Wednesday, 5th February, he was at work there up to 6 o'clock—he did not come to work after that—I believe he did come the next day, but I did not see him; he never did any more work after Wednesday night—I do not of my own knowledge know that he is dead.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe he committed suicide.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-121" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-121" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GREEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman R</hi> 213). I am stationed at Bexley Heath—on 18th February I saw the body of a man lying under a tree; he had been cut down—he had committed suicide by hanging himself on a tree—I did not know him personally; he was afterwards identified as William Henry Perryman—there was an inquest; I believe Inspector Dodd saw the body.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-122" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-122" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DODD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The body of the man at Bexley was that of the prisoner's brother, the same I have spoken of—he had been examined previously at the Coroner's inquest on the mother.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-123" type="surname" value="BARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-123" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BARTER</persName> </hi>. I live at 26, Quadrant Grove, Kentish Town—a day or two after the death of Mrs. Perryman I went to the house, 39, Harmood Street—I saw an iron peg on the cupboard door in the first floor back room—I took hold of it and put the pressure of about 6lb. on it, and it snapped off close to the screws; it was so fearfully rotten it would not hold anything; a very slight effort did it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-124" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-124" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DODD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). After the peg was broken I took off what remained of it; I unscrewed it from the door; this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—there are two screws left in it now; I took the bottom one off.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310034"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-125" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-125" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT STEWART</persName> </hi>. I live at 9, Frederick Road, Peckham—I am officer of the Society for the Protection of Women—on 30th August, 1878,1 went to a house in Lismore Circus, where the prisoner resided with his mother—the prisoner came to the door—I asked him if Mrs. Perryman was in—he said no, she had gone out charing—about 10 minutes afterwards I saw her; she had two black eyes and her face was very much bruised—I spoke to her, and afterwards went and looked for the prisoner—I saw him outside the door; I told him who I was; I said, "What have you been knocking your mother about for?"—he said he was very sorry for what he had done—I said, "If your mother won't prosecute, the Society will"—he said, "I am very sorry, it won't occur again."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate.</hi> "I am not guilty. What was done she done herself with her own hands."</p>
<rs id="t18790331-395-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-395-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-395-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-395-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-395-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-395-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-395-18790331 t18790331-395-punishment-21"/>DEATH</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, April</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-396">
<interp inst="t18790331-396" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-396" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-396-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-396-18790331 t18790331-396-offence-1 t18790331-396-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-396-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-396-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-396-18790331" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-396-18790331" type="surname" value="ALLUM"/>
<interp inst="def1-396-18790331" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENJAMIN ALLUM</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-396-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-396-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-396-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18790331-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-127" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-127" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-127" type="occupation" value="keeps a coffee shop"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-396-offence-1 t18790331-name-127"/>John Evans</persName>, and stealing from his person a scarf and a breast-pin, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CROOME</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-128" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EVANS</persName> </hi>. I keep a coffee-house at 174, St. George's Street—on 17th March I went into a urinal in Cannon Street Road, about 3 p.m., and the prisoner, who was there, gave me a hard blow by my right ear, and then snatched my necktie with my gold pin in it—I got hold of him, we. struggled, and he threw them away—I let him go and picked them np—I kept close behind him through one street into another street—he went into a public-house—I got a policeman and gave him in custody—I never lost sight of him—it was a very hard blow—I felt it for two hours.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> No one else was in the urinal.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-129" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-129" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY LONG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 27). On 17th. March about 3.15 I went with Evans into the King's Head, Wellclose Square; that is about 200 yards from the urinal—the prisoner was in the house, and Evans gave him into my charge for robbing him of his scarf and pin—he said, "All right, I will go with you quietly, but I have never seen the gentleman before"—Evans had a portion of his tie in his hand and a portion round his neck.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I went into the public-house, and was taken in charge; I had never seen the gentleman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-396-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-396-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-396-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with a previous conviction at this Court in July,</hi> 1863,
<hi rend="italic">to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-396-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-396-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-396-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-396-18790331 t18790331-396-punishment-22"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-397">
<interp inst="t18790331-397" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-397" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-397-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-397-18790331 t18790331-397-offence-1 t18790331-397-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-397-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-397-18790331 t18790331-397-offence-1 t18790331-397-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-397-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-397-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-397-18790331" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-397-18790331" type="surname" value="HEMMINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-397-18790331" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED HEMMINGS</hi> (21)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-397-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-397-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-397-18790331" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-397-18790331" type="surname" value="SHEA"/>
<interp inst="def2-397-18790331" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SHEA</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-397-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-397-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-397-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing 22 boxes of cigars and 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in money of
<persName id="t18790331-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-132" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-132" type="surname" value="ECONOMIDES"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-132" type="given" value="COSTA"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-132" type="occupation" value="tobacconist"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-397-offence-1 t18790331-name-132"/>Costa Economides</persName> in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18790331-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-133" type="surname" value="ASTLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-133" type="given" value="EVAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-397-offence-1 t18790331-name-133"/>Evan Astley</persName>. Second Count for receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Hemmings, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Shea.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-134" type="surname" value="ASTLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-134" type="given" value="EVAN"/>EVAN ASTLEY</persName> </hi>. I live with my wife and family at 24, Regent Street—Mr. Economides keeps a tobacconist's shop there—there is an entrance by the private door as well as by the shop, and a door also from the passage to the shop, which fastens with a bolt—on 3rd March I went</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310035"/>
<p>to bed about 11 o'clock, having seen the front door safe—I went down next morning a few minutes after 8, opened the street door, and secured ft open by the little latch—I did not then notice the door leading into the shop, but at 9.14 Mr. Boughton called my attention to it, and I noticed that it was broken open.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-135" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-135" type="surname" value="ECONOMIDES"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-135" type="given" value="COSTA"/>COSTA ECONOMIDES</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist of 24, Regent Street—when I left on 3rd March, at 9.30, the shop door leading to the street was property secured, and the door between the shop and the passage was fastened on the shop side with a bolt—the till was locked, and I left 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in it—I went to the shop next day and missed 25 boxes of cigars of 100 each and two large boxes of 500 each, but they were not quite full—I saw some cigars at the police-court; they were mine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. I do not sleep on the premises—my young man went there in the morning before me—the only mark of violence was inside the shop—there was no mark on the street door—the door leading to the passage was broken.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-136" type="surname" value="OUHHTON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-136" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID OUHHTON</persName> </hi>. I am in the prosecutor's employ—on 3rd March, about 9.30, when I left, I fastened the door leading into the passage; the lock catches, and then there is a bolt on the outside, but it could easily be pulled back—I left by the shop door into the street—I arrived at the shop at 9 o'clock next morning, and found the door leading into the shop had been opened by some blunt instrument, and about half a yard of the door-post lying on the floor—the door had not been touched—the shop Was in great confusion, and cigar-boxes were lying all over it—I missed about 22 boxes containing 100 cigars each and two boxes of 500 each—I identify these boxes of cigars (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the till was wrenched open, and about 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. taken—I do not know either of the prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. The only door broken was the inner door in the passage—the remains of a tallow candle were on the mantelpiece—they would have to use a candle as the shutters were shut.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-137" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-137" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>MATTHEW FOX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector M</hi>). On 4th March I watched No. 23, Elliott Road, St. George's Road, Borough, from 10 a.m. till 9.30 p.m.—I was at the end of the street, and March and Harvey were in a house opposite No. 23—I saw the two prisoners at 9.30 p.m. carrying this large box, one holding each handle—they went into Si George's Road, but before that I had seen them calling a cab from the rank opposite Elliott's Row—I did not see where they picked the box up—they put it on the roof of the cab with the cabman's assistance, told him to drive to Wigmore Street, opened the door, and were about to get in—the two other officers pushed them in, and I stopped at the other window—they were both smoking cigars—I asked them what the box contained—they both said, "I don't know"—I told the cabman to drive to Southwark Station, and again asked each of them what it contained—they each said, "I do not know"—I found it contained 22 boxes of cigars—Hemmings said that his name was Alfred Hemmings, he refused his address and occupation, but said that he attended races—Shea gave his address Monmouth Court, Seven Dials—I asked his occupation—he said that he attended billiard rooms—Hemmings gave his father's address next morning, 65, St. Martin's Lane—I went there and found his brother James; I did not see his father.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. The father is respectable; I don't know whether he is a vestryman—the prosecutor's front door was not damaged—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310036"/>
<p>it has a chain and lock—they neither broke in nor out by that door—I do not know whether Shea carried the box out on his shoulder; he was 200 yards from where I stood, and there is a bend in the street; I could not see the house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. The box was not covered or concealed, but there is nothing remarkable about it—Shea did not say that the box had been given to him to take care of for a few hours; he was so confounded he could not speak—I heard him call a cab—there was not the least concealment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-138" type="surname" value="OUGHTON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-138" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID OUGHTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I went in in the morning by the door leading from the street, and then through the door which had been tampered with—the shop door is covered with an iron shutter—I left it fastened, and left by the other door, and next morning I found it as I had left it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-139" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-139" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HARVEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant M</hi>). On 4th March, at 10 a.m., I went with Inspector Fox to watch 23, Elliott Row from a house at the end—the first thing we saw was, about 6.20 at dusk the two prisoners went in
<lb/>while they were there we shifted into a house opposite, and I saw them come out together about 7 and go towards St. George's Road—they came back about 9 o'clock, went in again, and came out about 9.30, Shea carrying this large box on his shoulder, and Hemmings by his side—they stopped in St. George's Road and placed the box on the pavement; Hemmings stood by it while Shea went towards the cab stand—Shea returned to Hemmings, and they took the box up and took it to a cab, put it on the cab, and Hemmings was getting in—we pushed them in and got in too—I heard Fox say, "What does the box contain?"—they both said that they did not know—we took them to the station, and then went to 23, Elliott Row to the second floor front room, where a woman gave me these two large boxes of cigars (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. The house we watched was 23, Pleasant Place, at the end of Elliott Row—I sat and looked across—no vehicles passed; it is a blind street—there is a road—Elliott Row is 8 or 9 feet wide, and there are posts across—my eyes were 50 yards from the house—there were lamps between me and the house; I will not say whether they were lit before or after 6.30—the woman who gave me the boxes said that she was Shea's sister—I saw everybody who went in and out—I am positive that I saw Hemmings go in at 6.20—it is not the fact that he stood at the door till Shea brought the box out; no one stood at the door—I am sure he went into the house—the box was corded.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-140" type="surname" value="WALSH"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-140" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WALSH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective M</hi>). I was watching with Harvey, and at 6.20 p.m. saw the two prisoners go into 23, Elliott Row together—they came out again at 6.50—I saw them again at 9 o'clock going in again together, and saw them come out about 9.20—I followed them to the top of the street—Shea was carrying a box.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. I was in the same room with Fox and Harvey—we relieved one another at the window, but we never went out at the front door—we had very little refreshment; I tasted no beer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-141" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-141" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BENNETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector C</hi>). I examined the door leading from the passage to the shop, it was broken from the passage side.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. The door that was broken was at the bottom of the stairs; it led from the passage to the shop—neither of the external doors were tamperod with.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for Hemmings.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-142" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-142" type="surname" value="HEMMINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-142" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE HEMMINGS</persName> </hi>. I married Hemmings' brother James—their father</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310037"/>
<p>lives at 65, St. Martin's Lane, and is a vestryman of Si Martin's-in—the—Fields—on Monday, 3rd March, Hemmings was at his father's from 8.30 to 10.30, and then he went out alone.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He was not living with his father at that time—he had left home about 12 months—his father is not here—he makes him an allow* ance—I do not know Shea, nor have I heard Hemmings speak of him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> His father has not been asked for till this moment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-143" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-143" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA WATKINS</persName> </hi>. I am single, and have an engagement at Canterbury Hall—Henimings's wife was also engaged there, but has left—she was play
<lb/>ing there on 3rd March, and we left at the same time, 11.50 p.m., and I saw Hemmings standing outside speaking to Mr. and Mrs. Hodges—I saw him till 12.15.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-144" type="surname" value="HODGES"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-144" type="given" value="MARGARET ELEANOR"/>MARGARET ELEANOR HODGES</persName> </hi>. My husband's name is Alfred—I know Hemmings and his wife—they spoke to me and my husband outside Canter
<lb/>bury Hall on Monday, 3rd March, at 11.45—they were in my presence a few minutes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-145" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-145" type="surname" value="CANTWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-145" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN CANTWELL</persName> </hi>. My husband's name is John—we live at 23, Elliott Road, St. George's Road, and occupy the second floor—Shea is my brother—I remember his being taken in custody on Tuesday evening, 4th March—Hemmings was not at my place that day on my oath—a different man entered the house with my brother, about 6.30—he was quite different in his dress—Hemmings did not come up to my room that day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>. My brother brought a gentleman with him in a Hansom's cab, between 9.30 and 10 a.m.—he said, I think, that it was Mr. Woodford—he said that in the gentleman's presence, and he did not deny it—when the cab came a sack tied at the mouth was brought upstairs—I do not know what was in it—the two men came again after 6 p.m., and* the gentleman asked me to lend him a box, and I consented, provided I had it back next day—the things in the sack" were put into my box, and the gentleman asked my brother to meet him at Waterloo railway station, and wished him good evening, and gave my children some coppers—my brother took the box away at 9 o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MEAD</hi>. I have two rooms—Woodford did not assist to carry the box out—the cigars were put into the back room where the box was kept—I spoke to Harvey and gave him two boxes of cigars which were left behind in the bedroom, I suppose they could not be got into the box—they said nothing about leaving them—I do not think my brother even knew it—I did not tell Harvey that I asked these two men whether the cigars were stolen property—I said that the man who brought them said that he bought them at a sale—I did not say they said so—throughout it all I did, not know that they were cigars, I did not go into the room where the sack was, nor did I ask what they were, I had no suspicions—I saw the box carried down, and opened the street door—I swear that only one man went out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Hemmings did not come in at all—he had not been there for a fortnight or three weeks previous—the cord was put round the box at 6 p.m.—Woodford asked me if I had a kef for it—I could not find it, and he asked me if I had some cord, and I got some from the washhand-stand and he corded it—Woodford is not like Hemmings, quite different, he had a short hat and a black moustache—he could not be mistaken for him—I understand that Woodford is a commissioner at a sale-room.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310038"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-146" type="surname" value="KIREBY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-146" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN KIREBY</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Robert Kirkby, an upholsterer, of 23, Elliott Road; we let it out in lodgings, and occupy the ground floor—on Tuesday evening, 4th March, about 6.20, somebody knocked; I opened the door and saw John Shea and a strange gentleman—I swear it was not Hem
<lb/>mings—I admitted them, but did not see them go out—I was indoors but did not notice Shea go out at 9 o'clock with the box—I did not see Hemmings that day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have seen him there visiting Mrs. Cantwell—the strange gentleman was rather stout and very showy, like a racing man—I think he had a moustache, but I did not take notice—I saw a cab come between 9 and 10 am., but did not see who got out of it, nor did I hear any voice which I recognised—I did not notice that they were carrying anything—I was at my front window ground floor—I did not go into Mrs. Cantwell's room that day—I very seldom, do.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-147" type="surname" value="GRIMES"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-147" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN GRIMES</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist of 187, Westminster Bridge Road; on a Tuesday evening in March, about 6.30, Hemmings bought a shilling box of cigarettes, which I let him have for 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. less—it was either March 3rd or 5th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have no reason for saying that it was Tuesday, it might have been Monday, but I should give Tuesday the preference, because I saw him playing at billiards on the Monday, the night before, at Gatti's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I know it was not the next night because he was in custody, it was a different night to the night of his being at Gatti's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-148" type="surname" value="HEMMINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-148" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HEMMINGS</persName> </hi>. I assist my father, a tailor, of 65, St. Martin's Lane—the cutting room is behind the shop—Hemmings is my brother—he came there about 7.30 on the Tuesday night he was taken in custody—he came up into the kitchen, which is on the first floor back, and remained till 8.30—I was with him—I remember an elder brother of mine attending a lodge meet
<lb/>ing on a Tuesday, and this was on a Tuesday.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I say this was on Tuesday, because my brother went to the lodge at Woolwich—I heard on the Wednesday night of my brother being taken on the Tuesday night—I will swear it was not Monday that he was at my father's house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HEMMINGS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-397-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-397-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-397-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SHEA</hi>
<rs id="t18790331-397-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-397-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-397-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the second count</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with a previous conviction at Clerkenwell in February</hi>, 1876,
<hi rend="italic">to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-397-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-397-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-397-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-397-18790331 t18790331-397-punishment-23"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-398">
<interp inst="t18790331-398" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-398" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-398-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-398-18790331 t18790331-398-offence-1 t18790331-398-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-398-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-398-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-398-18790331" type="surname" value="HEMMINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-398-18790331" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED HEMMINGS</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t18790331-398-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-398-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-398-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> for stealing 29
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of
<persName id="t18790331-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-150" type="surname" value="PAULEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-150" type="given" value="ELIZABETH JANE"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-150" type="occupation" value="dressmaker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-398-offence-1 t18790331-name-150"/>Elizabeth Jane Pauley</persName>, in her dwelling-house.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-151" type="surname" value="AVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-151" type="given" value="HORACE"/>MR. HORACE AVORY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-152" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-152" type="surname" value="PAULEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-152" type="given" value="ELIZABETH JANE"/>ELIZABETH JANE PAULEY</persName> </hi>. I am a dressmaker, of 10, Blenheim Street Bond Street—I occupy the house and let the ground floor—my bedroom is the first-floor back, and the front is used for business—on 4th February, about 2 o'clock, I had a customer in the front room, and went to my bed-room for a pen—the room was then the same as usual—I shut the door and went into the front room, and waited while my customer wrote a letter—I heard my bedroom door-handle move, and soon afterwards came out with the customer on to the landing, and saw my bedroom door open, and the prisoner standing at the foot of my bed—I stood at the bedroom door and said "What are you doing here"—he had a little book in his hand, and said "I suppose I have made a mistake and come into the wrong room; you are</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310039"/>
<p>Miss Pauley?"—I said "Yes; what are you doing here state your busi
<lb/>ness"—I repeated that once or twice—he was facing me all that time—Jib did not answer, and I said "Go downstairs to the front door and ring, and be answered in a proper manner; how dare you take the liberty of coming tip here?"—he went down a few steps and passed close to me, and then turned round and in the most impudent manner said) "You have a servant; could not she have shown me to your bedroom?"—my servant was upstrairs at that time—the customer exclaimed "My God, Miss Pauley, what has that man been doing in your bedroom?"—I went into my bedroom and missed my watch and 29
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold, which was wrapped up in a piece of soft brown paper in a small drawer in a chest of drawers, which I had seen safe about 1.3, when I took a half-sovereign from it—the prisoner was still on the stains just turning from the door, and as I got out I saw him running very fast up the street to Bond Street—I followed—he looked over his shoulder, turned into Bond Street, got through the carriages and into Union Street, looking twice over his shoulder—he could see me—I did not go into Union Street—the last I saw of him he was turning into Oxford Street—I described him to the police the same afternoon—I afterwards read a case in the papers, and thought the description given answered to the prisoner, and on 12th March I went to Marlborough Street Police-court, and saw the prisoner come into court with another man—I knew him in a moment as the man who was in my bedroom—that was before he went into the dock—I told Inspector Fox, who was in court, and afterwards gave my evidence—there are two windows in my bedroom, and there is a very good light indeed—I have no doubt that the prisoner is the man.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> About two minutes elapsed from the time I saw the man in my bedroom to the time he began to run outside the door—I was not very excited at the time, but I was afterwards—I was puzzled at seeing him at the foot of my bed, but not so nervous as I am to day—he only stood still long enough to exchange the few words I have stated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-153" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-153" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>MATTHEW FOX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector M</hi>). I was at Marlborough Street Police-court on 12th March, when the prisoner was in custody on another charge—I saw Miss Pauley taken ill in Court—I went to ask her what was the matter, and she gave me certain information.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-398-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-398-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-398-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-398-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-398-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-398-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-398-18790331 t18790331-398-punishment-24"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-399">
<interp inst="t18790331-399" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-399" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-399-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-399-18790331 t18790331-399-offence-1 t18790331-399-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-399-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-399-18790331 t18790331-399-offence-1 t18790331-399-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-399-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-399-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-399-18790331" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-399-18790331" type="surname" value="JORDAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-399-18790331" type="given" value="SAMUEL EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL EDWARD JORDAN</hi> (39)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-399-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-399-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-399-18790331" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-399-18790331" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="def2-399-18790331" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS FORD</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-399-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-399-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-399-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a request for the delivery of goods, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GOODMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-156" type="surname" value="SIMKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-156" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND SIMKINS</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher, of Ball's Pond Road—on 28th February I bought four quarters of beef from Kilsby and Son, salesmen in the market—the value was 18
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I arranged that it should be fetched in the afternoon—this order (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was not written by me or by my authority—I do not know the prisoners—when I sent for the meat I foundit had been taken away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Jordan.</hi> My name is Simkins, and the name on this paper is Simpkins—it is the practice in the market when you buy meat always to have a weight note with it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-157" type="surname" value="CURNICK"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-157" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CURNICK</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of Kilsby and Son, salesmen, of the Metropolitan Market—Mr. Simkins purchased 4 quarters of beef of us in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310040"/>
<p>the early morning, and later in the day a porter came and made a representa
<lb/>tion to me, but I did not part with the beef as he did not know the right name—I did not ask for a written order.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-158" type="surname" value="EVERETT"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-158" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY EVERETT</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, and have been employed at the Metro
<lb/>politan Meat Market—the prisoners came to me on 28th February between 7 and 8 a.m.—I knew them by sight working in the market—they asked me for 4 quarters of meat for one of their little masters; I cannot recollect the name, but he said he lived in Ball's Pond Road—I agreed to take the meat; it was to be obtained from Kilsby's—I first sent Richardson, who came back without the meat, but said nothing in the prisoners' presence about what would be required—the prisoners knew that I could not get it without a written order, and Ford got a sheet of paper next door at the Little Bell—I cannot tell whether this is the sheet, but it was similar to this—I cannot read—I stood inside the public-house door and saw Jordan writing—Ford then handed it to me and said, "Give that to the porter outside and he will fetch them," and I did so—Jordan was in the bar at that time—they took the paper and returned without it, but with the beef—it was put into my van, and by Jordan's instructions I drove to the Angel—they were to meet me up John Street, which is on the road to the Angel, but they met me a little farther on at Liverpool Road—I did not go to Ball's Pond Road because he wanted his beef to go to another place—I took it to Hill's, 69, Bingfield Street, Caledonian Road—Ford went in to deliver the beef, and I just went into the shop—I do not know how much it was sold for—having two quarters left we proceeded to Mr. Gray's shop in the Roman Road, which is a little place, half of a bootmaker's shop; we left the other two quarters there—I do not know what they fetched—Ford gave me a sovereign, and Jordan said, "Give him another 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.," and I got it—I did not charge anything—the ordinary charge for the carriage of four quarters of beef would be 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Jordan.</hi> I was in the market on Saturday, 1st March, the day after the beef is said to have been stolen—I cannot say whether you were there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Ford.</hi> You paid me for the beef—I did not ask you. if you. would go and fetch four quarters of beef from Kelly's in the name of Simkins; that is not true—you told me to send a man for it, and said that you wanted it for one of your little masters—you told me you could not fetch it because you were not a licensed porter—I said half an hour after
<lb/>wards, "
<hi rend="italic">Tommy</hi>, I have got the beef"—I did not say, "Do you know where to sell it?" nor did you say, "I do not"—I did not say, "Come along with me; it will be a shilling in your way"—you said that you would walk up John Street in front of me—I did not send you into a tobacco shop and tell you to say that you had four quarters of beef to sell, nor did I see you go in—I do not know the man—I did not send you into two or three more shops in Barnsbury Road—I did not say, "Don't say it is mine; say it has come from the market"—I delivered it to you, and you carried it into the shop—I said, "If the man buys the beef I will come over, you beckon me over," and I got up in the van and gave it out to you—I did not say that I did not want Mr. Hill to see me—I did not give you a paper in the public-house to take with the meat—you did not give me nine sovereigns, nor did I say, "I must apply to
<hi rend="italic">Monkey</hi> Mars the detective, and if I do we shall all get lagged"—I did not receive 35
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. only 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I did not say, "Give me 5*. and some grub for the horse."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310041"/>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I cannot read writing, but I found that Richardson could not get the beef because the right name was not given—I knew that the right name was Simkins—I knew that a person called Hill or a person called Gray was not Simkins—I am not a licensed porter, I am a carman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-159" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-159" type="given" value="THOMAS EDWARD"/>THOMAS EDWARD BAKER</persName> </hi>, Junior. I helped my father to take the meat from Messrs. Kilsby's to Everett's van—Everett gave me this order to enable me to get the meat; that is the order upon which it was delivered.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Ford.</hi> I saw you running by the road, and I saw you before you gave the note—I saw you with Everett after the beef was on the Tan, not before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-160" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-160" type="given" value="THOMAS EDWARD"/>THOMAS EDWARD BAKER</persName> </hi>. My son brought me this order, and we both took the meat from Mr. Kilsby's to the van—Curnick delivered it to me—I saw Ford run across the road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Jordan.</hi> I did not visit Everett's place on Friday evening—my son went with Mr. Marshall, I don't know where he went—he picked Everett out on the Saturday as the man who gave the order—I did not see you with Everett.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-161" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-161" type="given" value="JOSEPH HENRY"/>JOSEPH HENRY MARSHALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Chief Constable, Meat Market</hi>). I received this pencil memorandum from George Hill—it is a receipt for 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I went in consequence of what I heard from Everett—I have looked at this other paper, they both appear to be in the same writing—from Hill's I went to Gray's shop, and from what I heard I apprehended Jordan—he is a porter in the Meat Market—Ford was a licensed porter, but forfeited his licence in consequence of being convicted of felony—I told Jordan I wanted to know something from him about the four quarters of beef from Kilsby's—he said, "I shall answer you nothing, for if I do I know you will use it against me"—I took him in Nile Street, Hoxton, about 8 p.m. on Thurs
<lb/>day, 6th March.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Jordan.</hi> I have known you several years—I never heard anything against you—I called on Everett on 1st March, he said that he knew nothing about the beef.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-162" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-162" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HILL</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher of 69, Bingfield Street, Caledonian Road—on 28th February two quarters of beef were delivered at my shop—I gave the receipt to Mr. Marshall—Ford gave it to me—I did not see him write it—I asked him whether he had brought a paper with it, and he produced this from his pocket—I did not see Jordan at my shop.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I knew Ford as a porter, but did not know his name—I did not look at the document at the time, I was busy and put it into my pocket—I took the beef without any certificate, as he represented that it had been sent from the market by a person I deal with—I did not expect the two quarters of beef, but I thought they might come—I had made a bid in the morning for some beef of a man named Sketchley, who would not take my price, and when these two quarters were sent up to me, I thought they had come from the man I had bid of in the morning—the prisoner's name is not Sketchley, but I did not examine the paper.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-163" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-163" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRAY</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher—on 28th February Jordan came into my shop, and Everett was at the van—Jordan offered me the beef, and I bought it for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I did not weigh it, it was a job lot—he said that he had bought it cheap.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Jordan, in his defence, produced a certificate from his doctor stating that he was suffering from pleurisy, which was the reason of his not being in the</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310042"/>
<hi rend="italic">market. He charged Everett with being the thief, and stated that he had not received a farthing of the money. He produced his licence unmarked, thaw
<lb/>ing that there was nothing against him in the market. He denied writing the order or saying anything to Gray about payment.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Ford's Defence.</hi> I sold the beef for Everett—I am not guilty of writing any orders, for I cannot write. He told me I should get a shilling by it, and he led me into it.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JORDAN</hi>
<rs id="t18790331-399-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-399-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-399-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>,—
<rs id="t18790331-399-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-399-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-399-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-399-18790331 t18790331-399-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FORD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-399-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-399-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-399-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-399-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-399-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-399-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-399-18790331 t18790331-399-punishment-26"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs>. The Jury considered the conduct of Everett, Hill, and Gray to be highly reprehensible. (Everett had been charged before the Magistrate, but discharged.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, April</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-400">
<interp inst="t18790331-400" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-400" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-400-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-400-18790331 t18790331-400-offence-1 t18790331-400-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-400-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-400-18790331 t18790331-400-offence-2 t18790331-400-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-400-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-400-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-400-18790331" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-400-18790331" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="def1-400-18790331" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK NEALE</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-400-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-400-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-400-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18790331-400-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-400-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-400-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing</rs>, and
<persName id="def2-400-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-400-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-400-18790331" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-400-18790331" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def2-400-18790331" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS ALLEN</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-400-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-400-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-400-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> to stealing and uttering a post-office order for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18790331-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-166" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-166" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-400-offence-2 t18790331-name-166"/>Charles Butcher</persName>, </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEALE</hi> having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell in June, 1877.
<hi rend="italic">Allen received a good character.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEALE</hi>*—
<rs id="t18790331-400-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-400-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-400-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-400-18790331 t18790331-400-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two Years' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLEN</hi>
<rs id="t18790331-400-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-400-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-400-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-400-18790331 t18790331-400-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-401">
<interp inst="t18790331-401" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-401" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-401-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-401-18790331 t18790331-401-offence-1 t18790331-401-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-401-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-401-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-401-18790331" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-401-18790331" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-401-18790331" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER ALLEN</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-401-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-401-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-401-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Unlawfully wounding
<persName id="t18790331-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-168" type="surname" value="RAY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-168" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-401-offence-1 t18790331-name-168"/>Joseph Ray</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CROOME</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-169" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-169" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I am an umbrella maker, of 5, Sandy's Street, Bishopsgate—the prisoner was in my employ about a fortnight up to Satur
<lb/>day, 1st March—Ray is also in my employ—at 9 o'clock on that morning I discharged him and paid him at twelve 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 0 1/2., which was what he had earned—he turned round and said, "You can keep your blooming work and stick it up"—I said, "Go downstairs"—Ray said, "Why don't you go down civil V and they began quarrelling outside on the landing—the prisoner did not go outside the shop, but stood inside with the flap of the door in his hand—the door comes open and has a flap which comes over on to a piece of wood—I was at my work—hearing a scuffle on the landing, I went out and saw them fighting with their fists—I closed the door and shut them both outside—when I went out to part them the prisoner rushed at me, and we knocked against the partition, which broke down, and we both fell inside the room—the prisoner then got up, and I saw him rush at Ray on the landing, saying, "Take that," and pull a knife out of Ray's left shoulder and drop it—I picked it up at once and gave it to the young woman below—it' was just at the back of the left shoulder—the blood poured out on the ground—I took Ray to the doctor's—I did not see the knife in his hand till he dropped it—it was a dagger knife—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is not used in our trade—I had never seen it before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-170" type="surname" value="RAY"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-170" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH RAY</persName> </hi>. I work for Mr. Martin—I was at his place on Saturday, 8th March, about 12 o'clock, and saw him pay the prisoner his wages—when he got outside the door he said "Keep your blooming work and stick it up"—Mr. Martin asked him to leave the place, but he sauced him—I asked him to go downstairs and leave the place quietly, and said, "If you don't go I'll put you down"—he then turned round and struck me on my mouth and said, "I'm ready for you"—I struck him back on the nose—I am certain he struck me first—we then scuffled, and both fell together—I got</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310043"/>
<p>up and he ran away from me and rushed at Mr. Martin, and they fell together, knocking down the partition—I was standing about two yards away when he got up, rushed at me, and struck me with this knife in my shoulder, saying, "Take that"—he then pulled out the knife and dropped it on the ground—Mr. Martin took me to a doctor at once—my wound was dressed, and I then went to the London Hospital the same day and remained there a week as an in-patient, and have been three times since as an out-patient—I had never seen the knife before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-171" type="surname" value="FOULCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-171" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS FOULCHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 950). On Saturday, 8th. March, I was called to Sandy's Street, to Mr. Martin's, about 12.30, and saw the prisoner sitting on the top of the stairs—Mrs. Martin said in his presence, "This young man has stabbed another young man in the shoulder, and my husband has taken him to the doctor's"—he made no reply—Mrs. Martin gave me this knife—I saw fresh blood on the blade—I told the prisoner I should take him in custody—he replied "All right, I'm ready"—I took him to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You had blood on your face—I did not see if you had a black eye.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-172" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-172" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-172" type="given" value="JAMBS RICHARDSON"/>JAMBS RICHARDSON CLARK</persName> </hi>. I am one of the house surgeons at the London Hospital—on Saturday evening, 8th March, Kay was brought there, and I found an incised wound at the back of his shoulder, clean cut, apparently done with a dagger-like instrument—it was deeper than it was broad, and such as this knife might have made—a fair amount of force must have been used—it might have been deeper—it was about 11/2 inches deep—it was not dangerous from its position—he was under my care as an in-patient a little more than a week—I have not seen him since—as an out-patient he went under another surgeon.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence,</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-173" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-173" type="surname" value="DONOHOUGHE"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-173" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE DONOHOUGHE</persName> </hi>. I am single—I was on the landing on the same floor, the third floor, on the 8th March, between twelve and one—I was in my own room, and I heard the words, "Will you go down stairs? or if you don't I'll throw you down"—soon after I heard a noise, and on opening the door I found prisoner and Martin lying on the ground and the partition down—they got up and put him outside Mr. Martin's door on to the landing, and the prisoner was bleeding from the nose—Ray followed him out and said, "Will you go downstairs or I'll throw you down?"—that was the second time that expression was used—the prisoner answered, "Not for you"—Ray caught hold of him round the waist to throw him down—during the time Martin went in and shut the door and left them on the landing—they both fell—when they got up the prisoner went over to Ray and struck him in the arm—I did not see what with, but I saw the knife on the ground and blood on it—Ray said, "I am stabbed," and Martin came out, picked up the knife, gave it to his wife, and took Ray to the doctor—the prisoner then sat on our landing, and said, "I can't help it, they have been both beating me cruelly"—some one went for a constable, and he was taken in custody—I did not see Ray strike the prisoner first, because I was in my own room and he was in the workshop—he struck the prisoner on the landing in the face—I did not see the commencement of it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When Allen came out he was bleeding from the nose—I saw Allen strike Ray in the arm.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310044"/>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> "I am very sorry. They were both knocking me about so very cruelly I could not help it."</p>
<rs id="t18790331-401-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-401-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-401-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of his youth and the considerable provocation</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18790331-401-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-401-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-401-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-401-18790331 t18790331-401-punishment-29"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-402">
<interp inst="t18790331-402" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
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<interp inst="def1-402-18790331" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="def1-402-18790331" type="surname" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-402-18790331" type="given" value=""/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<rs id="t18790331-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-402-18790331 t18790331-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SQUIRES</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-402-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-402-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-402-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 12 dozen skins, the goods of
<persName id="t18790331-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-175" type="surname" value="GOAT"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-175" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-175" type="occupation" value="furrier"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-402-offence-1 t18790331-name-175"/>Robert Goat</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ST. AUBIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-176" type="surname" value="GOAT"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-176" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT GOAT</persName> </hi>. I am a furrier, of New Kent Road—on the 24th December at 11.30 I was in Leadenhall Market—the prisoner had frequently carried things for me to my place—on this occasion I gave him 12 dozen rabbit and hare skins, value 21., to carry home for me—I accompanied him as far as Adelaide Place, London Bridge, where I left him for two or three minutes, and on my return he was gone—I did not go far—I gave information to the police—I did not see him again or the skins up to the time of his apprehen
<lb/>sion—he knew where I lived—when I left him I said, "Wait there"—he said, "All right."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-177" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-177" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DAVIDSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 849). At 7.30 on Monday, March 3rd, from information received, I apprehended the prisoner in Queen Victoria Street, and charged him with stealing the skins—he said, "I did not steal them; I was knocked down and robbed of them."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-178" type="surname" value="GOAT"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-178" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT GOAT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I do not know why he was not arrested till March; I gave information a week after the robbery—I did not see the prisoner during that time and did not know where he was—I waited a week to see if he turned up, before giving the information—I had not paid him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-402-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-402-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-402-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with a conviction of felony in April,</hi> 1877,
<hi rend="italic">at Newington, to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-402-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-402-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-402-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-402-18790331 t18790331-402-punishment-30"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-403">
<interp inst="t18790331-403" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-403" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-403-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-403-18790331 t18790331-403-offence-1 t18790331-403-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-403-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-403-18790331 t18790331-403-offence-1 t18790331-403-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-403-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-403-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-403-18790331" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-403-18790331" type="surname" value="WALSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-403-18790331" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WALSH</hi> (22)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-403-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-403-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-403-18790331" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-403-18790331" type="surname" value="POND"/>
<interp inst="def2-403-18790331" type="given" value="RICHARD HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD HENRY POND</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18790331-403-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-403-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-403-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18790331-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-181" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-181" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-181" type="occupation" value="butcher"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-403-offence-1 t18790331-name-181"/>James Hughes</persName>, and stealing therein 6lb. of meat, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALSH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-403-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-403-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-403-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ST. AUBIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-182" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-182" type="given" value="JAMES HENRY"/>JAMES HENRY HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher, of 338, Portobello Road, Notting Hill—on the night of 16th February I closed my house and went to bed about 10.30—about 12.30 I was called up by the police, and I found the shop shutters open and some suet and beef gone—the meat was worth 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I afterwards identified it—the meat produced at the police-court was the same—it had a ticket on it—the meat was the fat ends of breasts of mutton.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-183" type="surname" value="HARLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-183" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HARLOW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 266). From information received I went, to the prosecutor's shop on the night of the 16th of February, and found the shutters rolled up and some meat lying on the pavement—I awoke Mr. Hughes, and then went to Swansbrook Road and saw Walsh about 4 yards away carrying a bundle which contained meat—in consequence of what he said I went to Pond's house, 46, Goldburn Road, and found him in bed—I said, "Get up, I want you for being concerned in stealing meat from Mr. Hughes's shop"—he said nothing—on the way to the station he said, "I know nothing about it; I was with him in the Eagle public-house last night, I know no more"—I took him to the station—I brought Walsh out of the cell and Walsh said, "That is the man"—the prisoner said nothing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When I charged Pond he said he knew nothing about it—I will not be certain that he said nothing at all; on the way to the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187903310045"/>
<p>station he said, "I was in the Eagle public-house last night with him; I know no more"—I had previously had a conversation with Walsh, and when I brought Pond to the station I asked him whether Pond was the man; he said "Yes"—Pond said nothing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790331-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-184" type="surname" value="FORDHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-184" type="given" value="WILLIAM DAVID"/>WILLIAM DAVID FORDHAM</persName> </hi>. I am a letter carrier—I was in the Porto
<lb/>bello Road on this Sunday night, outside Mr. Hughes's shop, and saw two men there—I identified Pond at the police-court, and am sure he is one of them—he had his body half way in the butcher's shop—they are patent shutters, and were partly open—the other man when he saw me said, "Look out! you d—fool, here comes the postman, we shall get nicked"—I ran round to Ladbroke Grove Road to give the information to Harlow—I am quite sure Pond is the man who had his body half way in the shop.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave my evidence on the remand—I could see Pond's face from the light of the lamp when he came out from the window and ran past me—when the other man made the observation he pulled himself out and ran away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">received a good character.</hi></p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-403-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-403-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-403-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALSH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790331-403-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-403-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-403-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-403-18790331 t18790331-403-punishment-31"/>Twelve Month' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-404">
<interp inst="t18790331-404" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-404" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-404-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-404-18790331 t18790331-404-offence-1 t18790331-404-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-404-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-404-18790331 t18790331-404-offence-1 t18790331-404-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-404-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-404-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-404-18790331" type="surname" value="WALSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-404-18790331" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WALSH</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-404-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-404-18790331" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-404-18790331" type="surname" value="POND"/>
<interp inst="def2-404-18790331" type="given" value="RICHARD HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD HENRY POND</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="italic">were again</hi> indicted for
<rs id="t18790331-404-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-404-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-404-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18790331-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790331-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-187" type="surname" value="BOEG"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-name-187" type="given" value="JOSEPH HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790331-404-offence-1 t18790331-name-187"/>Joseph Henry Boeg</persName> and stealing two pints of perriwinkles, </rs>
<hi rend="italic">upon which no evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790331-404-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790331-404-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-404-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790331-405">
<interp inst="t18790331-405" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790331"/>
<interp inst="t18790331-405" type="date" value="18790331"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790331-405-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-405-18790331 t18790331-405-offence-1 t18790331-405-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-405-18790331" type="defendantName">
<interp inst=