<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHETHAM, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two start</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-194-18790210" type="given" value="HENRY JONAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JONAS SMITH</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18790210-194-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-194-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-194-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> for unlawfully making certain false entries in the books of
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<interp inst="t18790210-name-2" type="surname" value="ADAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-2" type="given" value="JAMES WILKIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-194-offence-1 t18790210-name-2"/>James Wilkie Adamson</persName> and another, his employers.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-194-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-194-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-194-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-195-18790210" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-195-18790210" type="surname" value="THORNTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-195-18790210" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE THORNTON</hi> (52)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-195-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-195-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-195-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing one box, six umbrellas, and 100 cravats, of
<persName id="t18790210-name-4" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-4" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-4" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-195-offence-1 t18790210-name-4"/>Alfred Henry</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-5" type="witnessName">
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<interp inst="t18790210-name-5" type="surname" value="ROWAN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-5" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROWAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Police Sergeant</hi>). On the afternoon of 7th January I saw the prisoner in Jewin Street with a barrow behind a carrier's van—a man not in custody pulled a case off the tail of the van into the prisoner's barrow, who went on to Aldersgate Street, where I stopped him—he said, "You did not see me take it"—the other man ran down Jewin Street and escaped.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I was not 3 yards from you when you received the case—when I took you, you let go of the handles of the barrow and tried to get away, but you only got 1 yard—the case weighed 1/2 cwt.</p>
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<persName id="t18790210-name-6" type="witnessName">
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<interp inst="t18790210-name-6" type="surname" value="PRYOR"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-6" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PRYOR</persName> </hi>. I am a carman in the employ of Nolan and Co., of Billiter Street—I received this case from Messrs. Buckingham, and placed it at the back of the van—I did not miss it till information was given to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-7" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-7" type="surname" value="GOLDSBOROUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-7" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GOLDSBOROUGH</persName> </hi>. I am a packer to Nolan, Buckingham, and Co.—I packed in this case (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) six umbrellas and 100 cravats, which were their property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-195-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-195-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-195-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with a conviction at Clerkenwell in Sep
<lb/>tember, 1864, of being found by night with housebreaking implements, to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-195-18790210 t18790210-195-punishment-1"/>Seven Years, Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ROBINSON</hi> (38)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-196-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-196-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-196-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18790210-196-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-196-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-196-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a back-gammon board, a box of dominos, and other articles, of
<persName id="t18790210-name-9" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-9" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-9" type="given" value="EDWARD GORDON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-196-offence-1 t18790210-name-9"/>Edward Gordon Smith</persName> </rs>;
<rs id="t18790210-196-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-196-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-196-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>also to feloniously forging and uttering a request for the delivery of goods, with intent to defraud</rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790210-196-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-196-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-196-18790210 t18790210-196-punishment-2"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS ROBINSON</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-197-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-197-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-197-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> to unlawfully obtaining by false pretences 15 yards of silk from
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<interp inst="t18790210-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-11" type="surname" value="CANDY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-11" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-197-offence-1 t18790210-name-11"/>Charles Candy</persName> and 14 yards of silk from
<persName id="t18790210-name-12" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-12" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-12" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-197-offence-1 t18790210-name-12"/>Francis Cook</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790210-197-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-197-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-197-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>Recommended to mercy by the Prosecutors</rs>.
<rs id="t18790210-197-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-197-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-197-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-197-18790210 t18790210-197-punishment-3"/>Judgment Respited. [Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JENKINS</hi> (67)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-198-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-198-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-198-18790210" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-198-18790210" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="def2-198-18790210" type="given" value="ALFRED SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED SAMUEL JENKINS</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-198-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-198-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-198-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18790210-198-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-198-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-198-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to forging and uttering a receipt on a Post-office Savings Bank warrant for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. with intent to defraud</rs>;
<rs id="t18790210-198-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-198-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-198-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>also to forging and uttering a notice of withdrawal for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED SAMUEL JEN
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<interp inst="t18790210-198-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
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<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JENKINS</hi>
<rs id="t18790210-198-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-198-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-198-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-198-18790210 t18790210-198-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES JOSEPH BURKE</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-199-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-199-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-199-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to stealing, whilst employed in the Post-office, a post letter containing a post-office order for 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; also a letter containing a cheque for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; also a letter and 60 penny postage stamps, the property of
<persName id="t18790210-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-16" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-199-offence-1 t18790210-name-16"/>H.M. Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner received a good character</hi>.—
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<interp inst="t18790210-199-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-199-18790210 t18790210-199-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18790210-199-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-199-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-199-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-200-18790210" type="age" value="37"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY ALLEN</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-200-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-200-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-200-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-18" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-18" type="surname" value="MANDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-18" type="given" value="MARIA"/>MARIA MANDELL</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Robin Hood public-house, High Holborn—on 15th January the prisoner came and asked for half a quartern of rum, and tendered a two-shilling piece—I saw it was bad at once—I showed it to Mr. Lindley, the landlord—he examined it in my presence, and gave it back to me—I had my eye on it all the time—I took it back to the prisoner and said, "Do you know if this is a bad one?"—he said "No"—he put it in his pocket and gave me a good shilling, and I gave him change, sixpence, four pennies, and a halfpenny—a constable was sent for, and the prisoner was given into custody—the florin produced is the same—I bit it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-19" type="surname" value="TOZER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-19" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL TOZER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 178). I took the prisoner into custody—I told him the charge and said, "Will you give me the coin which you passed?"—he did so—he said nothing—I marked it; this is it—I searched him, and found on him a fourpenny piece, a sixpence, and 8 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze, all good money—I took him before the Magistrate—he was remanded and discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-20" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-20" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS KEMP</persName> </hi>. I am manager of a coffee tavern, 143, Drummond Street, Euston Square—about 5.40 on the evening of the 29th January I was called by our servant, Mary Ann Ross, who showed me a bad shilling—I saw the prisoner through the window running in the street—I followed and caught him, and held him till the policeman came, and I gave him in custody—on catching the prisoner I said, "You come back to the shop with me"—he said "What for?"—I said, "I shall give you in custody for uttering a bad shilling," and with that the policeman came—the prisoner made no reply—I gave the shilling to the policeman then—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it was bent by Ross in the tester—I had it in my hand the whole time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-21" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-21" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-21" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN ROSS</persName> </hi>. I serve in the coffee-shop—on the 29th January the prisoner came in and asked for a penny bun—he handed in payment a bad shilling—finding it was bad I went and showed it to Mr. Kemp in the parlour, leaving the prisoner in the shop—when I returned he was gone—Mr. Kemp went after him—I gave Mr. Kemp the shilling—that is it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-22" type="surname" value="FLOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-22" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS FLOOD</persName> </hi>. I live at 28, St. Pancras Square—I am an army pen
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100003"/>
<p>—I was at this coffee-house on the evening of 29th January, and saw the prisoner there eating a bun—I saw him hand a shilling to the barmaid, and saw her put it into the tester—when she did so the prisoner laughed, and the moment she turned to go to the manager he stooped down and ran out of the door.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-23" type="surname" value="SEARLE"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-23" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SEARLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman S</hi> 246). On passing Mr. Kemp's shop I saw a crowd a little lower down, and saw Mr. Kemp holding the prisoner—he gave him into custody—I took him back to the shop—he said, "Why should I want to pass bad money, when I have good money in my pocket?"—I said, "Why did you run away?"—he said, "I saw the other man run and I ran too" (
<hi rend="italic">meaning Kemp</hi>)—I found a good two-shilling piece and fivepence in coppers on him—I received the shilling from Mr. Kemp.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-24" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-24" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to the Mint—these are a bad florin and a bad shilling.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. "I did not know the money was bad."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-200-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-200-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-200-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790210-200-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-200-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-200-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-200-18790210 t18790210-200-punishment-7"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-201">
<interp inst="t18790210-201" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-201" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-201-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-201-18790210 t18790210-201-offence-1 t18790210-201-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-201-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-201-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-201-18790210" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-201-18790210" type="surname" value="FERNS"/>
<interp inst="def1-201-18790210" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED FERNS</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-201-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-201-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-201-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-26" type="surname" value="WIBLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-26" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH WIBLEY</persName> </hi>. I assist in the coffee-shop of Mr. Lacey, in the Kings-land Road—the prisoner came there on the 15th January and asked for half a pint of coffee and a slice of bread-and butter—the price was 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he tendered in payment a 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece—I gave it to the waitress, Louisa Barrett—she gave me the change, and I took it to the prisoner—he left half the coffee and bread-and-butter, and I came into the shop again and he was gone—I saw Mr. Lacey the same afternoon put the coin on the top of the stove—the stove was red hot—the coin melted and went into the ashes—I saw the prisoner on the 22nd in the shop—Mr. Lacey called me in to recognise him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. It was 2 o'clock in the afternoon when the prisoner came in—there were about four other customers there—I recognised him by the scar on his neck—he was there about a quarter of an hour—the coffee is kept ready—he was there about five minutes after I gave him the change.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. I showed the coin to my master on the date of the first offence, Wednesday—they were both Wednesdays—the burning of the coin was on the Saturday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-27" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-27" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-27" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA BARRETT</persName> </hi>. I am waitress at Mr. Lacey's—the last witness on Wednesday, the 15th January, brought me a florin—I was in the parlour having my dinner—I gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—I remained in the parlour—I did not see the prisoner—I gave Mr. Lacey the florin—I had put it down before me on the table—I had no more money with me—when Mr. Lacey came the prisoner had gone—Mr. Lacey melted the florin on the stove on the Saturday night—from Wednesday to Saturday the coin had been lying on the dresser shelf by itself—the prisoner came on Wednesday, the 22nd—he asked for a cup of tea and a slice of bread-and-butter—it came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he handed me in payment a 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece—I began to give him his change, but in my flurry I was not quite certain whether I gave him all—I put down some change and took it up again—I thought the coin was bad—Mr. Lacey was at the end of the shop—I took the coin to him—he held it in his hand and bent it in his teeth—he called the boy up, and he recognised the prisoner as the man who came in the previous week.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100004"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I carry the money in my pocket, but I had given up all the dinner-money that I had taken, and I had only my change for the afternoon—they give me 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., sometimes 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., for change—I cannot remember how much on that day—the prisoner was the first that came in after I gave up the dinner-money—I cannot remember what money I received next—the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece was brought to me by the boy Wibley—Mr. Lacey had the coin from the 15th—it was put on the shelf in the kitchen by Mr. Lacey soon after the prisoner left, about 3 o'clock in the afternoon.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-28" type="surname" value="LACEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-28" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE LACEY</persName> </hi>. I keep the coffee-house—on 15th January the last witness brought me a 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece—I examined it and found it was bad—I pot it on the dresser shelf in the kitchen—it was constantly under my sight during the day—it lay there till the Saturday night, when I broke it up in three pieces and put it on the stove—it was an American stove with two or three open tops for grilling—the florin melted away and ran down amongst the ashes through the holes—I afterwards saw the prisoner on 22nd January, about 2 o'clock—Louisa Barrett handed me the coin produced—I handed it to the police-constable—I told the prisoner it was bad—he said "I did not know it; I received it from a gentleman for carrying a parcel"—I told Wibley to go and see if he knew anybody in the shop.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. At the police-station he said he was last employed at Shaw and Son's, Fine Art Publishers, Rathbone Place, Oxford Street—I have not been there or inquired into his history—I did not hear he had been an inmate of the London Orphan Asylum, and afterwards under the super
<lb/>vision of Mr. Biddulph's Club for Indigent Boys—I have heard of such a society—the prisoner told me he had been out of work since August, and that the coin was given to him by a man for carrying a parcel.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-29" type="surname" value="SWIFT"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-29" type="given" value="DOUGLAS"/>DOUGLAS SWIFT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman M</hi> 242). I was called to Mr. Lacey's shop on the 22nd January, and the prisoner was charged with passing two bad florins there—one on the 15th, and the other on the 22nd—he said "It was not me that was here last week, and I will be searched here directly if you think I have got any more upon me"—then he said "I got it for carrying a parcel for a gentleman"—I took him into custody, and on searching him at the station I found one penny piece upon him—Mr. Lacey handed me the florin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. This is the first time I have said that the prisoner denied being there on the 15th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-30" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-30" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad florin—a good florin would not melt on a stove as described.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. It requires a white heat to melt silver—you would not get that in an open fire.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-31" type="surname" value="BENT"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-31" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BENT</persName> </hi>. I am managing common-law clerk to Mr. Braikenridge, solicitor—I have had the management of this defence—Mr. Biddulph, the banker, is governor of the St. Andrew's Home, and has also started a Club for Indigent Boys, and of which he is secretary—it is through him I am in
<lb/>structing counsel in this case—I have been to Shaw and Son's, and had a letter from them about this boy—Mr. Biddulph is not here—he knows the boy—the case was left to me, and I did not see that his presence was necessary—he knows the prisoner was an inmate—the prisoner's only near relatives are a mother, who has been in the hospital, and a brother at sea.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I know nothing of his distant relatives—he was not in the home at the time this took place—I think not for some months pre
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100005"/>
<p>—I believe he had been doing nothing for some weeks—he left Messrs. Shaw last autumn—he left the home, I believe, in March, 1877—he had been with Messrs. Shaw since he left the home—I do not know what he has been doing since.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-201-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-201-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-201-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-202">
<interp inst="t18790210-202" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-202" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-202-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-202-18790210 t18790210-202-offence-1 t18790210-202-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-202-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-202-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-202-18790210" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-202-18790210" type="surname" value="MARKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-202-18790210" type="given" value="AARON"/>
<interp inst="def1-202-18790210" type="occupation" value="tailor"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AARON MARKS</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-202-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-202-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-202-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Feloniously setting fire to his dwelling-house, one
<persName id="t18790210-name-33" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-33" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-33" type="surname" value="KRUNTZ"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-33" type="given" value="RACHEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-202-offence-1 t18790210-name-33"/>Rachel Kruntz</persName> being there in. Other counts for attempting to set fire to the house, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND, STRAIGHT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-34" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-34" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-34" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE ROBINSON</persName> </hi>. About a year ago I came from Baltimore, and was servant to Mr. Levy, a bootmaker, at 19, Old Montagu Street—about seven months ago Mr. Levy went to lodge at Artillery Passage, and I went with him—about five months ago I left his service, and went into the prisoner's service at 19, Old Montagu Street—he is a tailor—I remained there till the fire happened—that was on 24th December, the day before Christmas Day—I slept in the basement, there is a kitchen there—there are two rooms on a floor—on the ground-floor there is a shop and parlour, on the first-floor is a front room where there was a sofa where the prisoner used to sleep, and a back room, a bedroom, where the prisoner's daughter used to sleep—she is a girl of about 14, and a Miss Moss, a neighbour's daughter, used to sleep with her—on the second-floor were the workrooms, the back room was where the machine was—there were no rooms above—on the 24th at 1 o'clock the prisoner's daughter and Miss Moss went to Stratford to see some friends—I was in her bedroom that morning and attended to it, the bed was made, and the room left all right—there was some paraffin in the house, in an ordinary pint bottle—I had bought a pint about a fortnight before, it was used for a night lamp in the daughter's room—it was kept underneath the dressing-table in the bedroom—I saw it there that day—I am sure it was not on the mantel-piece—the door of that room was always kept locked—I used to lock it, and the key was kept downstairs in a table-drawer in the kitchen—there was no fire in the bedroom that day, we never had a fire there—I was in the workroom that afternoon—there was a coke fire in the grate there—there were three workmen at work there that day—near about 3 o'clock the prisoner told me to put on my things and take some work to the shops—there were two bundles in the workshop—one was for Mr. Keen, of London Wall, and the other for Mr. Croft, of Shepherdess Walk, City Road—the workmen all left at 3.30—Morris was the last one to leave—the prisoner went out before him, directly he had told me to take the work to the shops—I was the last in the house—I put on my things, and took the bundles—I left no one in the house—it was 3.45 when I left—I had a key of the street door—it closes on the latch by slamming it—I took the key with me to let myself in when I returned—I delivered the bundles at Mr. Keen's and Mr. Croft's, and returned to the house after 6 o'clock—I found there had been a fire, and the engines and firemen were there—I kept my key in my pocket, and afterwards gave it up to the police—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">two keys produced</hi>)—the prisoner used to have the other key sometimes, and sometimes his mother-in-law, Mrs. Kruntz, had it—she had it that day—she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100006"/>
<p>lives at 16, Finch Street, Spitalfields, not far off—I could walk there in three minutes—she did not live at our house—she used to bring her husband's tea—he is a tailor, and worked for the prisoner—I know she had the key that day, because after the fire the firemen asked Mr. Marks for the key, and he went to his mother, and took it, and gave it to the fireman—that was after 9 o'clock that night—the daughter came home after 11 o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The prisoner left the house before'me with a man named Friedenberg—I had bought paraffin before this—we use it to the machine mixed with oil—that was what I bought it for, and for the night lamp—I was not kept at the places where I delivered the goods—I was not tied to time—I did not hurry myself—I had not used the bottle for a couple of nights—the lamp had been supplied from the pint of paraffin for a fortnight—it is a very small lamp—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it was used every night when I turned off the gas at the meter.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I sometimes used to let in the mother, and sometimes she would have the key with her and open it herself—I did not notice what quantity of paraffin there was in the bottle the last time I saw it—it was not empty.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. It was lighted at 12 o'clock at night and kept burning till 6.30, when I went to wake the girl—the other paraffin oil was kept in a smaller bottle in the workshop—there were only two keys that I know of.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-35" type="surname" value="WALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-35" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WALTON</persName> </hi>. I am a builder, and live at 17, Old Montagu Street, next door to the prisoner—on the evening of 24th December, about 5.40, I heard an alarm of fire—I went into the street and saw fire and smoke coming from the second-floor front room window of No. 19, and the door was wide open—I went in and went upstairs to the second-floor front room; I found fire on and over and under the table—the window was open—there was no fire in any other part of the room; the table itself was on fire; there was more smoke than blaze—there was no fire in the grate—I then came down to the first-floor landing and went into the front room; the door was open—there was a couch in the room—I found an old lady there, she is outside now, she might be between 50 and 60 years of age; I think she had on a cap or kind of bonnet—she was in a stooping position; what she was doing I could not discern; there was no light in the room—I told her to come out, as the place was on fire—she said something in reference to a child, in consequence of that I felt round the room as far as I could, there was no child there—I had placed the woman towards the door near the staircase, and I then caught hold of her and carried her downstairs and into a neighbour's house opposite—she was no doubt able to walk, but she might have been confused—before I carried her down I noticed that the light was beginning to show through the floor where the gaspipe was—I returned to the house, hearing of an old man being in the back room—I went upstairs again and went into the second-floor back room; the door was locked; I burst it open—there was no fire there—as I came downstairs there was a policeman at the door—I then went to my own house and got on to the roof to look after my own property—some short time afterwards the fire was put out—about half an hour afterwards I saw the prisoner and Mr. Moss in the street between Nos. 17 and 19—Mr. Moss tapped the prisoner on the shoulder and said "You must thank Mr. Walton for saving the old lady"—the prisoner thanked me and asked me to have a glass of something to drink—we went to the corner house at the bottom of the street and had a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100007"/>
<p>glass of ale each, and the prisoner then said "I must go to the City Road to get my policy"—I said "Surely you are not going to a fire office at this time of night"—he said "No, I have left it in a shop in the City Road, it would not do to keep a policy in a thing like that".</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. It was dark when I went into the room where the old woman was—I could not see what she was doing, more than the was in stooping position—I believe she was confused.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-36" type="surname" value="KRUNTZ"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-36" type="given" value="RACHEL"/>RACHEL KRUNTZ</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I live at No. 16, Finch Street, about three minutes' walk from Old Montagu Street—I am a cousin of the prisoner; he is a widower—his wife was my husband's daughter, not mine—my husband worked for the prisoner—I recollect the fire; I saw it; I went to the prisoner's house that night—I don't know the time, it was dark—I went to buy some ribbons in Montagu Street, and I saw the flame and then I lost my senses; the flame was in the front part of the house; first of all I ran, but I felt ill and fell down, and then I was carried into the shop of Mr. Moss—I don't know who carried me; I was lying on the ground; I was bathed with water—I don't remember going into No. 19 at all; I don't know whether I was in there or not—I used not to go there of an afternoon to take the tea, I made the tea at home at my own place and gave it to the man when he came from synagogue—ten weeks before the prisoner's wife died I took the tea there to the work—people—I do not remember seeing the key of the house on the night of the fire—I did not have it—I had seen the prisoner that day at 12 o'clock—I saw him go along the street up to his room—I did not see him after that—after the fire I heard him in the shop at Mrs. Moss's—I did not see him, I was in bed at Mrs. Moss's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. When I saw the fire I was in the street, there was a large big flame—I don't know how I was carried in; I lost my senses.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-37" type="surname" value="HAWES"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-37" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HAWES</persName> </hi>. I am a fireman at the Commercial Road fire station, about three minutes' walk from 19, Old Montagu Street—on 24th December, at 5.27 p.m., a lad came to the station and gave me information about the fire—I went there at once with two men—I found the door of the house open—I went upstairs to the back room first-floor, the door was locked—I did not see any key in it—I forced it open; there was no one in the room—I found the bed alight—there was no fire in the fire-place, a board was put in front of the grate—I got some water and damped down the fire—I had to turn the bed over before I could get it out—all the head part of the bed was on fire—no part of the room itself was burnt, only the partition scorched—there was a great deal of smoke in the room—after damping down the fire I shut the door and went up to the second floor; the door was open—I found a fire there well alight, it was all over the room, all the contents were one mass of fire—I then went back for the fire engine and the fire was put out—the fire in that room had burnt up to the front part of the roof where the window was, and it had burnt down through the flooring into the front room first-floor—there was no communi
<lb/>cation whatever between the fire in the front room second floor and that in the back room first-floor—I afterwards examined the bed in the back room first floor and found that it was saturated with paraffin oil—the police examined it, a piece of the bed was cut off—I did not notice a bottle in the room—there was no one in the house when I went in—I have had ten years' experience in fires—I should think the fire in the second-floor front</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100008"/>
<p>room might have been burning possibly 10 minutes, it might have been I more, I could not say exactly—I could not say how long the bed had been I burning.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-38" type="surname" value="PLOWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-38" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PLOWMAN</persName> </hi>. I am in the Salvage Corps, at the Commercial Road station—when the alarm of fire was given, I went to 19, Old Montagu Street, with Hawes—about 20 minutes after the fire was put out, I saw the prisoner in a house opposite; the lire had not been properly put out, the head of it had been taken off—I asked him if he was insured—he said, "Yes"—I asked in what office—he said, the Staffordshire Fire Office—I asked if he could give me a copy of his policy—he said no, it was a long way off, at his master's, and he would not be able to produce it for a day or two, as it was holiday time—I asked how he accounted for the fire—he said, "I have not been in the place all the afternoon"—he said, "I was here 10 minutes before the fire"—I said, "Were you in the place?" he said, "No, I was opposite, in the street"—afterwards, between 10 and 11, he gave the number of his policy to the man in charge, and he gave it to me—I did not see him produce it—I saw the paraffin on the bed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. He said nothing about the servant—I said before the Magistrate, "He said his servant was the last person in the house at 3.30 that afternoon"—it slipped my memory if I did say it—I rather think he might have said it—I remember the servant speaking about it, and I was confounding the one with the other.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-39" type="surname" value="BENTON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-39" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BENTON</persName> </hi>. I am in the Salvage Corps, at the Commercial Road station—after the fire was put out I remained in charge of the premises—about 11 that night I saw the prisoner in the street, I spoke to him about the number of his policy and he gave it to me, he said I might as well take the key, and he gave me this key—I said, "That is the very thing I have been looking for—it is the key that opens the front door—I delivered it up to my mate Harding, who relieved me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-40" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-40" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HARDING</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the Salvage Corps—at 9 o'clock on the morning of Christmas Day I took charge of the premises—the last witness gave me the key of the front door—I examined the premises—there were two separate fires—on the mantelpiece in the first-floor back room I saw this pint bottle, it is an ordinary beer bottle; there was no cork in it—I did not move it, it was left there—the surveyor for the fire-office came to the premises on the 31st, after that—on 1st February the prisoner asked me if I would let him take the things away that remained, I referred him to the surveyor—he asked, if ho signed the paper to free the office from giving any compensation, would they allow him to have the things—I said most likely they would.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The fire was confined to the first-floor back and the second-floor front rooms—everything in the first-floor back was severely scorched, but only the bedding was burnt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-41" type="surname" value="MARRIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-41" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MARRIOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). On 2nd January I went with Sergeant Thick to the prisoner's house—we were in plain clothes—I said, "We are two police-officers come to examine the premises," he made no reply—he accompanied us upstairs—we went into the back room first-floor, I examined the bed in the prisoner's presence, the top of it was all burnt—the bedding had paraffin on it—I turned up the mattress and said, "Squeeze that," he squeezed something out of it—I said, "What is it?" he said, "It smells like paraffin oil;" I said, "How do you account for that?" he said, "I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100009"/>
<p>account for it, I have not been in the room for six months"—I pointed out to him how clean the paint-work was outside the room, no scorching from the lire, and I said, "There have been two separate fires;" he said, "I don't know anything about that"—I cut off a piece of the bed and Thick took possession of it—I noticed this bottle on the mantelpiece, there was no cork in it; I smelt it, it appeared to contain paraffin; there was a very small quantity in it—I took possession of the bottle; there was a mark on the mantelpiece where it had been standing, the rest of the mantelpiece was all smoky and steamy from the fire, the space where the bottle had stood was quite clean—I said, "What time did you leave your house on the 24th?"—he said, "Between 3 and 4 in the afternoon"—I said, "Where did you go to?"—he said, "I wont to a man named Goldberg, in Goulston Street, and then to a bootmaker's in Commercial Street, then I went to Webb's public-house," or "near Webb's," I am not quite sure which he said, "then I met a Mr. Friedenberg by appointment in the Commercial Road"—I said, "Did you! come near your house from between 3 and 4, until after the fire?"—he said, "No"—I said, "Are you quite sure?" he hesitated and said, "Well, I did come back just before half-past 5, and I looked through the grating to see if my servant was in"—I said, "Did you call in the house at that time?"—he said, "No, how could. I call in when there is only one key and my servant had got it?"—I then said "How do you account for this key?" Benton producing it at the same time—he said "I know nothing of it"—I then said I should like to see Mr. Frieden
<lb/>berg—he said "I will take you to where he lives, in the Commercial Road"—we went in that direction, and I noticed a man following us close behind, and I said to the prisoner "Who is this man following us?"—he said "That is Mr. Friedenberg"—he turned round to look at him—I said to him "Is your name Friedenberg?"—he said "Yes"—the prisoner said something to him in a language I did not understand, and I said "What you say, say in English"—the prisoner said "Do you understand German?"—I said "Yes, a little"—I then said to Friedenberg "Did you on 24th December, either day or night, meet Marks in the Commercial Road by appointment?"—he said "No, I did not, I was at Mr. Marks's between three and four, and left there with him; we went to Webb's public-house in High Street; we had a walk round, and came by his house just before 5.30; went into the comer public-house nearly opposite his, and I left him there"—the prisoner said nothing to that—Friedenberg then walked away—the prisoner seemed to become very excited and frightened, and said "I must have some brandy"—I said very well; and he went into the Duke of York in Martel Street, Commer
<lb/>cial Road—he was in there about a minute or so—he then pulled the door open, and said "Come here, I want to speak to you privately; will you have anything to drink?"—I said, "No, thank you, I don't care for it"—he then said in a low voice "Well, it won't do you any good to put me in prison; you might as well have 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for yourself"—I said "Is that what you wish to speak to me about?"—he said "Yes"—I said "I have an appointment with Sergeant Thick, you had better speak to him"—he then accompanied me, and I met Sergeant Thick—I said "Sergeant Thick, this man wishes to speak to you, or say something to you"—Thick said "What is it?"—prisoner said "Well, you don't want to put me in prison; I will give you and your mate 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each, and you can keep the darkey and Friedenberg out of the way, and you can throw that bit of stuff away"—that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100010"/>
<p>was the piece of bed-ticking that I had cut off—Thick said "Very well; meet us at 8 o'clock to-night in Black Lion Yard with the money"—the prisoner then went away, and we both went at once to Inspector Aberline and told him what had taken place—at 8 o'clock he went with us to Black Lion Yard—we waited an hour or more, but the prisoner did not come—I was with Thick on 4th January when the prisoner was taken into custody—Thick said to him "I am taking you into custody for wilfully setting fire to your house, 19, Old Montagu Street"—he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. When I had the first conversation with the prisoner I did not tell him that I suspected him of setting lire to his house—I did not caution him—I told him we were two police officers, that was all—I did not tell him that what he said would be used in evidence against him, or any words to that effect—I put questions to him—I did not wish him to say anything—I suggested he should see Thick—my object was to get him to make the same statement to him about the money that he had made to me—I did not make any note of the conversation—what I have stated is entirely from memory—I keep a book for general work—I did not make any entry in that—he did not say a word to me about his policy, that I swear—he said nothing to me about inducing the Insurance Company to pay the policy—the 71. or 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. had nothing to do with the question of whether the policy would be disputed or not—I never heard the policy mentioned, that I swear.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-42" type="surname" value="THICK"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-42" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM THICK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 46). On 2nd January I made an exami
<lb/>nation of the premises, and cut off a piece of the bed-tick, which I produce—I saw the prisoner there between one and two o'clock, when Marriott was With me—I saw him again on the 4th, at Mr. Keen's shop, 51, London Wall, and took him into custody—he said nothing—I received this key from Caroline Robinson—he did not mention the Insurance Company to me—I had no conversation with him in Marriott's absence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I made no note of the conversation—I carry a book—I had it with me at that time—I did not caution the prisoner before I ques-tioned him—I told him we were police officers come to make inquiries.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-43" type="surname" value="ARMSTEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-43" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ARMSTEAD</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Pinnock, assessor of fire losses to the Staffordshire Fire Office, Limited—on 28th December, in con
<lb/>sequence of instructions, I went to 19, Old Montagu Street—a tailor's business appeared to be carried on in the upper part of the premises—on 30th the prisoner came to Mr. Pinnock's office, and brought this written claim, amounting to 129
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd—I found it was unsigned, and asked him to, sign it, which he did in my presence—I did not see the policy, or have any. conversation with him about the claim on that occassion—I looked over the goods at Old Montagu Street on the 28th, and put them down at 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. if claimed as a total loss—I include the upper floor in that; that was burnt out—I estimate that at about 33
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., half the value claimed—on the 31st Decem
<lb/>ber I noticed the paraffin on the bed in the first-floor back room—on seeing that I communicated with Mr. Pinnock—on 1st January, about 11 o'clock, the prisoner came to the office; he made a statement, which Mr. Pinnock read over to him, and he said it was correct—I don't remember that he signed it—on 2nd January I went again to the premises—Caroline Robinson was sent for—I heard the prisoner say in her presence "I was near the premises at 5.30 in the afternoon, and I looked down the area into the kitchen window to see if my servant had returned home"—I heard him say to the police that he had not a key—I thereupon said "Your servant</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100011"/>
<p>has stated that you had"—I then called the girl forward, who was standing some distance off, and said "Repeat before your master what you have said to me"—she then said "We had a second key"—he said he had given it up to the salvage man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I said before the Magistrate "I examined the goods on the premises, and valued the total of them, if they had been totally de
<lb/>stroyed, under 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.," but I subsequently said 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on consideration—I said so far as the claim was concerned the goods roughly amounted to 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but the whole of the goods were damaged there by fire, water, and smoke—my meaning was, that the value of goods, damaged or undamaged, the total value—I did not intend to say that they were damaged to the amount of 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and I don't think I did.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I made a more minute examination a second time, and that confirmed my previous opinion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-44" type="surname" value="PINNOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-44" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>GEORGE WILLIAM PINNOCK</persName> </hi>. I am the assessor to the Staffordshire Fire Insurance Company an 1 to Fire insurance companies generally—I took this statement from the prisoner—I read it over to him and he said it was correct. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Fire happened Christmas Eve; no one in the house. I had been to work until the afternoon. The workpeople were also there. My servant took the work to the shops; she is a South African, had been with me about six months. She was brought over by a man, a bootmaker, who used to live at my place. I have been a tenant of the house four years. I left the house after 3, between 3 and 4 o'clock, on Christmas Eve. I left the girl there. She took work to Mr. Keen, 51, London Wall, and to Mr. Croft, Shepherdess Walk, City Road. The work was packed up before I left, ready for the girl to take away. The first I heard of the fire was find
<lb/>ing the fire-engines there after 6 o'clock. The girl had the key of the door. I had been to several places to buy things; at a goldsmith's in Goulston Street; his name, I think, is Jacobs. I am informed the fire happened about half an hour before I came back; there was gas in every room in the house. I turned the gas off at the meter every night, and then my child, 14 years old, had a night-light; for since my wife died she was so timid. The child was at Stratford at the time. Miss Moss sleeps with my child for company. I sleep on a made-up bed on the sofa in the sitting-room on the first floor. My tenant left about a fortnight before the fire; he gave me notice. I can't give any idea as to the cause of the fire. All was safe when I left. The girl had to dress herself and then go with the work; she had no necessity to have asked. She sleeps in the kitchen. The fire had not reached the kitchen or shop and parlour, but was confined to the work-room on the top of the house. I am not able to form any opinion as to which floor the fire began on.") I have had experience in estimating claims—I cannot say that I examined these goods—I looked over them—speaking generally, I agree with the evidence of Mr. Armstead as to value—I re
<lb/>member some observations being made about the key, and the girl Robinson made a statement about it—the prisoner said there was a second key, and when asked where it was he said it was with his mother.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-45" type="surname" value="KEEN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KEEN</persName> </hi>. I live at 51, London Wall—the prisoner has worked for me as a tailor for about five years—on 24th December, some time after 4 o'clock, the girl Robinson brought me some work—in July last the pri
<lb/>soner entrusted me with this policy of insurance to take care of, and gave as a reason that he was going abroad—during the time I knew him I found him a very respectable, well—conducted man.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100012"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. That is the character that he has borne—I believe he did go abroad, and his wife died abroad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-46" type="surname" value="CROFT"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-46" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CROFT</persName> </hi>. I live at 73, Shepherdess Walk—on 24th December the girl Robinson brought me some work between 5 and 6 o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. My place is from about a mile and a half to two miles from the prisoner's—he has worked for me for the last 15 months—I always found him to be a respectably-conducted man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The following Witnesses were called for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-47" type="surname" value="JACOBS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-47" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>MORRIS JACOBS</persName> </hi>. I live at 6, Samuel Street, and work for the prisoner—I did so in December last—on the afternoon of 24th, I remember his going out—I was on the premises after he went, and the girl Robinson also—he went away with Mr. Friedenberg—I left at 3.30, leaving Robinson there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I don't know who Mr. Friedenberg is—I have seen him there many times—he was a good friend of Mr. Marks—I know Mrs. Krantz, she used to come every day to bring tea to the old man—I saw her on 24th Dec. in the middle of the day, up in the workshop—she used to come in the middle of the day and in the evening; she would come two or three times a day—it was about 12 o'clock on 24th Dec that I saw her—I cannot say that I saw her later than 12—I can't say one way or the other—she was not in the house when I left.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-48" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-48" type="surname" value="WEISSM"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-48" type="given" value="GERSAU"/>GERSAU WEISSM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Interpreted</hi>). I live at 21, Newcastle Street, and am a traveller—the day before Christmas Day I was in Goulston Street between 4 and half-past in the afternoon and saw the prisoner there—we went to a goldsmiths, he went inside, I waited outside the door; when he came out we went together to the prisoner's house, we did not go in—we stopped out
<lb/>side the door about two or three minutes and then went away to Commercial Road, where Mr. Nathan met us—I then went away about a quarter to 5 or 5 o'clock—I cannot say exactly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The prisoner was quite alone when I first met him—I did not say before the Magistrate that he was with Friedenberg—I have been on intimate terms with the prisoner and frequently in his company, if I wanted a coat made or anything—I did not visit at his house or take meals with him—I had never been there before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-49" type="surname" value="NATHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-49" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL NATHAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 72, Umberstone Street, Commercial Road—on Christmas Eve I was in Commercial Road and saw the prisoner, it might have been a quarter to 5, or a little before—Weiss was with him; he left and I went with the prisoner to Umberstone Street to. see a man named London, he was not at home, we then went to a man named Baum, in Grove Street—I left the prisoner there—I think it must have gone 5 then—he was' in my company all that time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I knew him very well—I am not very frequently in his company—I met him casually—I am quite sure it must have been very close on 5 when I met him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-50" type="surname" value="BAUM"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-50" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>SOLOMON BAUM</persName> </hi>. I live at 75, Grove Street, Commercial Road—on 24th Dec. the prisoner came to my place with Nathan—I should say it was about a quarter to 6 as near as I can say—he only came to ask if my cousin had left, that is London—my place is about 10 or 12 minutes' walk from the prisoner's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-202-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-202-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-202-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-203">
<interp inst="t18790210-203" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-203" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-203-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-203-18790210 t18790210-203-offence-1 t18790210-203-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-203-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-203-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-203-18790210" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-203-18790210" type="surname" value="TRITNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-203-18790210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM TRITNER</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-203-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-203-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-203-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18790210-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-52" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-52" type="surname" value="TRITNER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-52" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-203-offence-1 t18790210-name-52"/>Emma Tritner</persName>, with intent to murder.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100013"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-53" type="surname" value="FIRTH"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-53" type="given" value="KEITH"/>MR. KEITH FIRTH</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-54" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-54" type="surname" value="TRITNER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-54" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA TRITNER</persName> </hi> I am the wife of the prisoner—when first examined on the 18th December I was in the hospital—I went to work at 23, Beaumont Square, Mile End Road—I have been married to the prisoner three years the 28th of last November—I summoned him several times for beating me and threatening me—the summons was a week or a fortnight before this happened—when his name was called he ran away from the Court—he had not been before the Magistrate—he threatened several times to buy a razor and cut my throat—I have been in danger ever since I have been married—on 9th Dec. he came to me at 22, Beaumont Square, at about half-past 4 o'clock in the afternoon—he knocked at the door—I opened it and said I was in hopes he had got a place, because he was out of work, and I was paying the rent—he said "No I haven't come for that, you b——; what are you going to do? I mean to do for you," and he took the chopper out of his pocket and hit me a blow in the forehead, and I fell to the ground—he struck me a great many times—I put me arm up to try and save myself—at last he lifted my head up to see if I was dead—my face was buried in mat in the passage, and he lifted my head from one side to the other, and said "You b——, I've done it; I told you I would: you won't move no more, you b——," and away he walked—a policeman came afterwards—I opened the door by some means or other—I lost a great deal of blood—the passage was floating with blood—that is the chopper (
<hi rend="italic">Produced</hi>) that did it—it was my own chopper that I used at home for the wood—I have never heard him say anything about the chopper—he has often said he would do something for Mr. Dipple, because he would not give him a character, some time before this happened—he did not threaten him—he has said many a time that he would swing for me on the gallows.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. You dragged me out of bed to go to work on the 28th Nov.—you would not work, and I had to work—you slept in bad till 12 or 1 in the day—you turned the baby topsy-turvy, and it frightened me, I thought the child would go into a fit—I rushed towards the child and then you hit me—I did not throw the basin at you, I threw a cup—I said no bad word—you told people a man at the docks cut your head—I threw the cup because that morning I had to go out to work and I had nothing to eat and nothing for the child, and I said "Bill, you're no man, or you would not let a wife and child go out as you do," and with that you beat me and took up a lamp to throw at me, and I felt so crushed that I should have to go to work in that way, and I took up a cup and threw at you—you had been beating me that morning—I had the marks about my face, and the baby was in my arms when you flogged me—I was going to summons you for it—when you came back from the hospital I was at my place of work, and the mistress was afraid to let me be seen because you had threatened me—I did not swear at you—on the Monday I was at work at 22, Beaumont Square—I went to the workhouse for protection, I stayed there three days—I had not gone to the play with another man—I will take my dying oath it is not true—it is not true that there was any young man of whom you were jealous—on the Saturday when I went to the Court you had not seen me for a week, I had been in the workhouse three days—when you asked me to forgive you, I said I had put up with it so long I must have some protection from you—this chopper does not belong to me, it was one exactly like it, but a little longer—it did look very much like the one we had at home—the one belonging to me had notches in it—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100014"/>
<p>did not say I could find a better man than you in the streets—you did not work, so I had to work.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I have summoned him twice since I have been married for his ill-treatment to me—I have made complaints to the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-55" type="surname" value="WINSLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-55" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WINSLOW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K Reserve</hi> 63). On the 9th Dec. I received information which caused me to go to 22, Beaumont Square—I saw the prosecutrix there—she opened the door—I saw a large pool of blood in the passage—I saw wounds on her head, and also on the hand and arm, and blood running from them—there were several wounds and a large quantity of blood—I said "Who did this?"—the prisoner was not there—I took the prosecutrix to the London Hospital—I subsequently saw the prisoner at the police-station—he said "It was her own fault; she cut my head with a basin three weeks ago. I went there and asked her to come home; she would not, and then I did it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-56" type="surname" value="BELLAMY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-56" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS BELLAMY</persName> </hi>. I am a potman at the Albert Arms, Bancroft Road, Mile End—the prisoner came there on the 9th Dec, about a quarter past 4—I was pouring some hot water into a tub to wash some bottles—the prisoner said "There is nothing like plenty of hot water," and I said "No"—he walked down to the bottom of the skittle-ground—there are some old window panes standing there—he said "You have still got some old window panes there," and I said "Yes"—I saw him lean over, and he came back and pulled out an old scarf from his pocket and said "Do you want to bay a scarf?"—I said "No"—he said "I will sell it for 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>."—I said "If you want 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. I'll give you the 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>." and he said "Good-bye," and as he went to shake hands with me I noticed his hands covered with blood, and before I shook hands with him he ran over into the pot-house, where I clean the pots, and washed his hands in some fine sand in a sand-tub—he said "Good-bye; I have done it"—I asked him what he had done—he said "I have knocked her down three times with a hatchet"—then he went through into the bar, and I followed him—as he was going out of the house he said "Good bye; you won't see any more of me until the rope is round my neck in Newgate"—when he was gone I went back into the skittle-ground where I had seen him go—on looking near the window-sashes I found there this chopper—there was blood on it—it was not wet, but had just dried on—there was a stream of blood right down the blade—I handed it to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. You did say I should see no more of you till the rope was round your neck in Newgate—I am positive those are the words, not that somebody else ought to have the rope.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-57" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-57" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK FISHER</persName> </hi>. I am surgeon to the London Hospital—about 4.30 on the night of the 9th December the prosecutrix was brought in—she was bleeding from many wounds—there were seven incised wounds on the back of the right forearm and hand, the most serious one 2 inches in length; it fractured and splintered the small bone of the arm—there were six incised wounds on the scalp, varying from 11/2 to 21/2 inches in length, two of them penetrating deeply into the skull and through the outer table of the skull straight behind the ear—she had lost a large quantity of blood, and was fainting, but had not quite lost consciousness—I considered her life in danger.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. It is impossible to say how long—for the first fortnight I could not have said she was not liable to take on dangerous symptoms—the chopper produced would have caused the wounds—she is still an in-patient, but is getting well and ready to be discharged.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100015"/>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>: "I was going to take the chopper home, and I asked her if she would come home. She said 'No.' Then she told me she was going to the play with the man she loved best I had a drop of drink and didn't know what I had done. I did not mean to knock her down, or intend to kill her. She had a glass of wine with the man before they went to the place. I didn't tell her to get to work. And then, because I had bought two shirts, she made a laughing-stock of me."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-203-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-203-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-203-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790210-203-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-203-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-203-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-203-18790210 t18790210-203-punishment-8"/>Twenty Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18790210-204" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-204" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-204-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-204-18790210 t18790210-204-offence-1 t18790210-204-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-204-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-204-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-204-18790210" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-204-18790210" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-204-18790210" type="given" value="ROBERT NAPIER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT NAPIER WEST</hi> (36)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-204-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-204-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-204-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18790210-204-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-204-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-204-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18790210-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-59" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-59" type="surname" value="WILD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-59" type="given" value="MARIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-204-offence-1 t18790210-name-59"/>Maria Wild</persName>, his wife being alive.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Prosecutrix</hi>.—
<rs id="t18790210-204-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-204-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-204-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-204-18790210 t18790210-204-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18790210-205" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-205" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-205-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-205-18790210 t18790210-205-offence-1 t18790210-205-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-205-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-205-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-205-18790210" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-205-18790210" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-205-18790210" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES CARTER</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-205-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-205-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-205-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> to stealing a case and 12 bottles of brandy of
<persName id="t18790210-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-61" type="surname" value="BERTRAM"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-61" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-205-offence-1 t18790210-name-61"/>William Bertram</persName> and others, </rs>
<hi rend="italic">having been convicted of felony at Westminster in</hi> 1878.—
<rs id="t18790210-205-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-205-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-205-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-205-18790210 t18790210-205-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18790210-205-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-205-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-205-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18790210-206" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-206" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-206-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-206-18790210 t18790210-206-offence-1 t18790210-206-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-206-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-206-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-206-18790210" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-206-18790210" type="surname" value="MAHURTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-206-18790210" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES MAHURTERS</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-206-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-206-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-206-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a watch of
<persName id="t18790210-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-63" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-63" type="given" value="GEORGE CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-63" type="occupation" value="agent"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-206-offence-1 t18790210-name-63"/>George Charles Wright</persName> from his person.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DAVIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-64" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-64" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-64" type="given" value="STANFORD JOHN"/>STANFORD JOHN KING</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Wooden Shades, Bishopsgate Street—on 15th January, about 9.30, I saw the prisoner and two or three others there drinking together—the prisoner's wife went up to Mr. Wright and asked him if he was going to stand anything to drink—the prisoner then went up close to him, and he treated him to drink—Mr. Wright was then sick, and stooped down, and the prisoner put his hand in front of his chest, took the watch out of his pocket, and took it off the chain—I told the head barman, who jumped over the counter and said, "That won't do for me here," and ordered the doors to be closed—a policeman came, and Wright said to the prisoner, "I shall charge you with stealing my watch"—he said, "I did not take it"—he was taken to the station—one of his companions left before the police came.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The watch was off the chain when I saw it—I did not see him unfasten it—Wright had had a little too much—he was leaning against the partition conversing with a woman—I did not see the prisoner point to Wright's chain, or hear him say, "Look at your watch"—I was serving—Wright treated two women—they did not go away before they had finished their liquor, but I do not say that they drank every drain—they left before the police were called—the watch was not found.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I saw one of the men who was with the prisoner go away immediately the man jumped over the counter—there was a scuffle, and the three men and the women were mixed up together—the prisoner's wife was in the bar when he was taken—she was not taken or searched.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-65" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-65" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am an agent, and live at 23, Henrietta Street, Euston Road—on 25th January I was in the Wooden Shades about 9.30, drinking at the bar—the place was pretty full—I had a watch on that evening worth 41. or 51., I cannot swear that I had it when I went in, but I believe I looked at it in the public-house—I have never seen it since—I had had a glass, but I distinctly remember going in—I was there a quarter of an hour.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100016"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I have expressed my willingness to have nothing more to do with the case.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-66" type="surname" value="BATTSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-66" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BATTSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 963). I was called—the barman pointed to the prisoner and said, "I saw that man take this man's watch from his pocket"—he said, "I have not seen his watch"—Wright charged him, and he said, "I have not seen his watch"—I searched him at the station, and found on him fourpence in copper.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. He gave me a correct address, and denied the charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-206-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-206-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-206-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-207">
<interp inst="t18790210-207" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-207" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-207-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-207-18790210 t18790210-207-offence-1 t18790210-207-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-207-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-207-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-207-18790210" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-207-18790210" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-207-18790210" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE GREEN</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-207-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-207-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-207-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously cutting and wounding
<persName id="t18790210-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-68" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-68" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-68" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-207-offence-1 t18790210-name-68"/>Mar
<lb/>garet Green</persName>, with intent to do her grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DAVIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-69" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-69" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET GREEN</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and live at 119, Jubilee Street—the prisoner is my nephew, he has lived with me ever since he was four months' old—on 15th January I asked him to fetch his father's burial card down, he did so and put it on the table—he looked rather strange and excited—I sat down, and he struck me on my head with a hammer which is used to break coals with—I did not see the hammer in his hand till I had received the blow—I cannot tell whether I received more than one blow, for the blood ran into my mouth—he then fell down at my feet and begged my pardon, and said, "For God's sake what have I done? I must be mad to do this; I will go for the doctor"—a companion of his came to the door who he says he wishes he had never seen, and said, "Is George in V I do not know his name—I do not know in my excitement whether the prisoner went for a doctor or not; I went to the hospital in a cab—we had never had an angry word—I last saw the hammer three or four days before, but I do not know where it came from when he used it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I picked it up that you might not strike me again—I did not call you a b—y bastard, and say that your mother had disgraced me—I did not pick up the tongs to strike you—you did not throw the hammer at me, you struck me with it—I was sober—you never touched the fire, nor did I rebuke you for touching it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-70" type="surname" value="BURRY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-70" type="given" value="HENRY PULLEN"/>HENRY PULLEN BURRY</persName> </hi>. I am house-surgeon at the London Hospital—I admitted the prosecutrix—she was excited, but my impression is that she was not drunk—she had eight wounds on her head, and some considerable con
<lb/>tusions—one wound down the centre of her head was lacerated, and was two and a half or three inches long, the others were contused and round it—this hammer would probably produce them—she was in considerable danger, but she appears to be safe now—there must have been as many blows as wounds.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-71" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-71" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CARTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 78). I was called to 119, Jubilee Street, and saw the prisoner—I asked him where Mrs. Green was, he said, "She is gone to the London Hospital"—I said, "I shall take you in custody for assaulting your aunt with a hammer"—he then said to a young man who was there, who I don't know, "Go up and tell her I am going to be locked up."</p>
<rs id="t18790210-207-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-207-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-207-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury, on account of his youth</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18790210-207-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-207-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-207-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-207-18790210 t18790210-207-punishment-11"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18790210-208" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-208" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-208-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-208-18790210 t18790210-208-offence-1 t18790210-208-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-208-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-208-18790210 t18790210-208-offence-1 t18790210-208-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-208-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-208-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-208-18790210" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-208-18790210" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-208-18790210" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER WILSON</hi> (29)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-208-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-208-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-208-18790210" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-208-18790210" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="def2-208-18790210" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK MURPHY</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-208-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-208-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-208-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Felo
<lb/>niously forging and uttering an order for the payment of 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., with intent to defraud</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100017"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TORR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-74" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-74" type="surname" value="DEBUSS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-74" type="given" value="GEOROE ALBERT"/>GEOROE ALBERT DEBUSS</persName> </hi>. I am a coffee-house keeper, of 5, Dock Street, London Docks—the prisoners lived with me two or three days, and asked me to settle with them and give them change out of these two advance notes for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. each—I did so, and gave them 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. each, they are both for the same ship, they had had 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. each in board and lodging—I believed the notes to be genuine, but afterwards noticed that the date, 3rd January, ought to have been February—I went to the shipping-office to get it altered, and the result of my inquiries was that I gave the prisoners in custody—they were not endorsed—that is not done until the men go on board ship.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-75" type="surname" value="HARPER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-75" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HARPER</persName> </hi>. I am deputy-superintendent of Mercantile Marine at St. Katherine's Docks—these two advance-notes are forged—they refer to the ship Douglas Campbell, but the prisoners were not part of her crew—I have got the articles here—these printed forms can be bought in any stationer's shop—the master's name is not Hunter, as stated here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-76" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-76" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM THOMPSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 84). At 5.30 on 4th February I took the prisoners at the Blue Anchor, Dock Street—Mr. Debuss called them out, and told them they would be charged with forging two seamen's advance notes—they made no answer—I took them to the station, where Wilson said, in Murphy's presence, "We know that they are two forged notes."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner' Statements before the Magistrate</hi>. Wilson says: "I did not know the notes were bad till last night I thought they were genuine."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Murphy says</hi>: "We did not know they were bad, the mate or captain wanted two hands. We got the notes from.—"</p>
<hi rend="italic">Wilson's Defence</hi>. I did not know the notes were bad till I was at the station. We left more than the value of the notes in clothing in his house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Murphy's Defence.</hi> I did not know the notes were bad. He kept 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. back for a cab to take us to the ship. He gave me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. at one time, and 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. at another time, that is all I had from him. They were given to us at the Shipping Offices. I asked the boarding-house man to take charge of the ticket of my watch and of my overcoat.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-77" type="surname" value="DEBUSS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-77" type="given" value="GEORGE ALBERT"/>GEORGE ALBERT DEBUSS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Murphy gave me the ticket of a watch and an affidavit for an overcoat to take care of for fear he should lose them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-208-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-208-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-208-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790210-208-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-208-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-208-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-208-18790210 t18790210-208-punishment-12"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-208-18790210 t18790210-208-punishment-12"/>Three Months' Imprisonment each</rs>. There was another indict
<lb/>ment against the prisoners.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-209">
<interp inst="t18790210-209" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-209" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-209-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-209-18790210 t18790210-209-offence-1 t18790210-209-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-209-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-209-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-209-18790210" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-209-18790210" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-209-18790210" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS STEVENS</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-209-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-209-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-209-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously cutting and wounding
<persName id="t18790210-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-79" type="surname" value="TUCKER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-79" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-79" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-209-offence-1 t18790210-name-79"/>George Tucker</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm
<hi rend="italic">Second count</hi> with intent to resist the lawful apprehension of two persons named
<persName id="t18790210-name-80">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-80" type="surname" value="CONNOR"/>Connor</persName> and
<persName id="t18790210-name-81">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-81" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>Collins</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-82" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-82" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-82" type="given" value="THORNE"/>MR. THORNE COLE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-83" type="surname" value="TUCKER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-83" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE TUCKER</persName> </hi>. I lived at 21, Tenison Street, Lambeth, and am a labourer—on 2nd November, at 9.15 p.m., I was in Duke Street, Adelphi, and saw a constable with two persons in custody—he asked me to assist him, and I laid hold of a young man about. 17—as I was holding him the prisoner came up and struck me on the left side—I did not know that I was stabbed at the moment, but I looked at him, and said "I know you, I will summons you for this"—I went on for three or four yards holding the man, and then</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100018"/>
<p>felt something warm running down my side—I undid my trousers, and saw blood—I gave myself to a constable, and went to Charing Cross Hospital, and had my wounds dressed—I was an out-patient for a fortnight, and was not able to work for three weeks—I have had no work since.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. Ten or fifteen persons were present, but they were not within 6 yards of me—they stood round in a ring 6 yards away, but the prisoner came up to me—there were not half a dozen persons touching me, and trying to prevent me getting to the constable—I am sure I did not go 10 yards before I knew that I was stabbed—the persons were not trying to take the two men out of the hands of the policemen—the prisoner was not taken that night—I said before the Magistrate I did not get more than 10 yards before I felt something running down my side—the prisoner escaped but I did not see him again—it did not take more than an instant from beginning to end.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-84" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-84" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KING</persName> </hi>. I am a Hackney carriage driver of 10, Harper's Mews—on 2nd November at 9.15 I was with my cab in Duke Street, Adelphi, and saw a lot of lads pushing an old man about—I told them that they ought to be ashamed of themselves—the prisoner was one of them—he walked behind me, and struck me behind each ear—I was also struck across the eyes with a leather belt, and then across my neck, and knocked down—they kicked me all round—I have not got over it—I have a blister on my chest now—a policeman came up, and took two of them, Connor and Collins, and asked me to take one of them—George Tucker came up and assisted me—the prisoner came up and hit him in the side—I cannot say what it was—Tucker said "I will make you pay for this," or something to that effect.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The prisoner ran up by his side—no one was round him at that time, but there were 10 or 15 persons there when he first assisted me—I had never seen the prisoner before, but when he was sitting with others in the charge-room I picked him out—the police had told me that they had got him in custody—I did not see a constable standing by him—there might have been a dozen men and boys in the charge-rooms.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-85" type="surname" value="ELSTOW"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-85" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ELSTOW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 325). I was called to Duke Street, Adelphi, and took two lads into custody—I called upon King and Tucker to assist me, which they did—I had seen the prisoner about 10 minutes previously outside a public-house in Duke Street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-86" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-86" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK PARKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E R</hi> 34). On 13th January in the after
<lb/>noon I saw the prisoner in Duke Street—I asked him if he knew there was a warrant out for his apprehension—he said "I know nothing about it"—I said "You will have to come with me to Bow Street"—there were about a dozen lads who called out "Never mind, Tom, they have left it alone too long now—they can't do nothing with you n—he said "I am not afraid of that."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-87" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-87" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GREEN</persName> </hi>. I was house surgeon at Charing Cross Hospital—Tucker was brought there on 2nd November—he had a small punctured wound between his fifth and sixth ribs—there was a great deal of bleeding, it might have been caused by a pen-knife—I dressed it, it was not dangerous—it might have been if it had been deeper, but the clothes prevented it entering the cavity of the chest, when it would have been dangerous—it was in a dangerous part.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18790210-209-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-209-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-209-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Second Count</hi> </rs>.—(†)
<rs id="t18790210-209-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-209-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-209-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-209-18790210 t18790210-209-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-210">
<interp inst="t18790210-210" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-210" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-210-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-210-18790210 t18790210-210-offence-1 t18790210-210-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100019"/>
<persName id="def1-210-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-210-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-210-18790210" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-210-18790210" type="surname" value="WITSENHAUSEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-210-18790210" type="given" value="GUSTAVE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GUSTAVE WITSENHAUSEN</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-210-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-210-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-210-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TICKELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted, and the evidence was interpreted to the Prisoner.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-89" type="surname" value="HIRSCH"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-89" type="given" value="ETIENNE"/>ETIENNE HIRSCH</persName> </hi>. I am a trimming manufacturer of Clapham—I had business transactions with the prisoner, but not personally—he owed me 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on 14th December, and tendered me this crossed cheque for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. drawn by Gudalga and payable to Witsenhausen—he said it was all right—I took it and sent it to Mr. Stobbold, to whom I owed some money, got the change from him, and gave it to the prisoner—I afterwards endorsed it at Mr. Stobbold's request—I knew the drawer—I was afterwards given in custody for issuing the cheque and went with Stobbold to Mr. Gudalga's house, but only saw Mrs. Gudalga—I was subsequently discharged—the prisoner said that he was angry about the cheque being crossed, and asked me to change it, and if not he would take it away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. You told me a few days before that you were expecting 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I came to the City expressly on that day for the purpose of getting the 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at the club in the morning—you told me you had no money then, but expected some to be brought at 12 o'clock, and asked me to go to your place at 12 o'clock, but I said that I preferred that you should bring the money to my place—it was 4 o'clock when you came to see me; you told me you had no money then, but you had a cheque, and produced it and said, before I knew the amount of it, that you were going to the West End to get change for it, and I. said that if you went to the club you would accompany me—I introduced you to my wife and showed you over my house—I did not make you wait as much as two hours, saying that I was engaged—you said that it was then too late to go to the West End to get the cheque cashed, but you would go to-morrow and I should have my 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we then went out together, and then for the first time I asked you for what sum the cheque was, and you showed it to me for the first time, and I said "It is very late to go to the West to cash it," and seeing that it was drawn by Gudalga I offered to pay it to my manufacturer—you did not ask how long it would take before the cheque would come in for payment going through two or three different hands, nor did I say that if it was not crossed it would be payable at once—I do not remember you saying that you were very vexed that it was crossed—we are both in the leather trade, and I have obliged you—we had spoken of your living with us and paying 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a week—you did not owe me the 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. originally, somebody else did, and you took the debt upon yourself—you were arrested 10 days after giving me the cheque, and in the interval I saw you two or three times a day, but did not know then that the cheque was forged—when you were arrested you offered to pay the cab fare and take the officer to the man you had the cheque from, and you offered at once to go to Victoria Street to get the money to pay the amount—I have not said to Stobbold that you are the person who crossed the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. The prisoner did not lead me to suppose that he wanted me to keep the cheque in my hands—he took over the greatest part of the debt of a friend, and he had goods too, but not before I received the cheque—the 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was partly a debt from another person and partly due for goods—I did not have the prisoner arrested.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-90" type="surname" value="STOBBOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-90" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS STOBBOLD</persName> </hi>. I am a bootmaker, of 33, Goldsmith Road, Hackney</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100020"/>
<p>Road—I have had dealings with Mr. Hirsch, and he owed me 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; on 14th December he offered me this cheque and I gave him the change and a receipt for his bill—a few days afterwards I asked him to endorse the cheque because it was returned marked "No account"—I went with him to the drawer's house, and afterwards went with the prisoner—he said at first that he took the cheque from Gudalga, and afterwards from Mr. Sidovre, at Chelsea.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. You made both those statements; you said that it was a good cheque of Mr. Gudalga's, and I think you gave me to understand that you received it from Mr. Sidovre—I cannot say that Mr. Hirsch seemed surprised at that—you begged me to go with you in a cab at your expense to Sidovre's; you said that you would pay for my lost time, and entreated me to do so—I did not do it because the case was out of my hands—I asked you to go to Queen Victoria Street to pay the cheque, and that was refused.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-91" type="surname" value="CURSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-91" type="given" value="NICHOLAS JOHN"/>NICHOLAS JOHN CURSWELL</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the London Trading Bank, Limited—they issued this form—Gudalga and Co. have no account there—the cheque came to us through the Central Bank, and I marked it "No account"—the cheque-book of which this is one was issued to Messrs, Fournier, who opened an account with us, and the junior partner was Mr. T. Sidovre, who is like the prisoner, but they are not the same person—the account was opened on 9th November and closed on 4th December at our request.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I did not swear to your being Mr. Sidovre; he is taller than you, and has curly hair and a yellowish face—he did not look as if he came from Spain—this cheque is not his writing—one other cheque has been presented coming from the same book as this, but I do not know who it was signed by; we have about one cheque every day which we have to mark "No effects."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-92" type="surname" value="GUDALGA"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-92" type="given" value="PAUL"/>PAUL GUDALGA</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">through an Interpreter</hi>). I am a costume-maker—I trade as E. Gudalga and Co., and live at 20, Orchard Street, Portman Square—this cheque was not drawn or signed by me or by my authority—I do not know the London Trading Bank—I have known the prisoner ten years; he has mentioned the name of Fournier to me—I know his writing, and do not believe the cheque to be his—I have had many friendly transactions with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I know that for nine years you had a very brilliant position in France, and came to London to better your position—you were just about entering into a very good firm with one-third of the profits and 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a week—I have seen the agreement—I know your family very well; they have a good character—if you had asked me for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I should have given it to you, or if you had sent me a telegram asking for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and I know several people who would have given you similar sums if you had asked them—this signature is like mine, but not like my private signa
<lb/>ture—you led a very simple, quiet life—I often came to your house in the evening and found you at home—I do not know Sidovre.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-93" type="surname" value="REVELL"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-93" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD REVELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). On 24th December I arrested Hirsch, and went with him at his request to Mr. Gudalga's—I afterwards found the prisoner, spoke to him in English, and asked him to give an account of the cheque which I held in my hand—he said "I got it from Mr. Gudalga"—I said "Then be careful, for I have been to see Mr. Gudalga"—he then said "I got it from a man named Sidovre, who lives somewhere in Chelsea, but I cannot give you the address"—I went with him in a cab to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100021"/>
<p>Mr. Gudalga's, and he began to baffle me about; I could not stand it, and took him to the station—after the remand I traced him to King's Road, Chelsea, and he had an office in Leadenhall Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. You told me at once that Sidovre lived in King's Road, Chelsea, but you did not know the number—you asked and begged me to go to him, and said that you would pay the cab and would pay me anything for my loss of time if I would go with you—you asked me to go to Queen Victoria Street to get 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to pay the cheque at once—I have since heard that there are a great many charges against Sidovre—I traced him over to France, but could not arrest him—he left London on or about 24th December, about the time you were apprehended.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner in his defence addressed the Jury in broken English, stating that he was not guilty, though he might have been imprudent, laying the blame on Sidovre, and stating that he never said that he received the cheque from Gudalga.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-210-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-210-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-210-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-211-18790210" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-211-18790210" type="surname" value="OLD"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES OLD</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-211-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-211-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-211-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18790210-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-95" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-95" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-95" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-211-offence-1 t18790210-name-95"/>John Thomas Cooper</persName> one bicycle, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DIXON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-96" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-96" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS COOPER</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to John Cooper, of Bishopsgate—a short time since I advertised a bicycle for sale, and on 15th January last the prisoner called and asked to see it—I fancy I have seen him travelling on the line of railway I use—I showed it to him, and told him it was for sale only for cash—there were one or two others present, and he called me on one side and said, "I shall not take my money until the 25th February"—I replied, "I shall not part with the machine without the money," or words to that effect—he said, "I am living with my uncle, Mr. Wildsmith, of Leyton
<lb/>stone, in whose employ I am"—I think he said he had 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a month—I said, "I shall not let you have it"—he then said, "Mr. Charrington, the brewer, is my uncle, and Mr. Morgan, of Walthamstow, is a great friend of ours, and Mr. St. Alvins is a friend of mine"—a gentleman I well knew—" and Mr. Walker, of Snaresbrook—he seemed to laugh at me because I doubted him, and eventually he took the machine, which he was to bring back that night, or the 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for it—I have not seen it since—he pawned it within an hour and a half.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. He did not say, "Mr. Morgan is my uncle"—I cannot recollect saying at the police-court, "I will not be sure whether you said Mr. Morgan was your uncle; you might have said he was a friend"—I believe the prisoner is not related to the Charringtons.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. He said his uncle would not advance him the money for the bicycle if he did not see it—he took it between 5 and 6 o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-97" type="surname" value="TEWSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-97" type="given" value="AUGUSTINE"/>AUGUSTINE TEWSON</persName> </hi>. I am a pawnbroker, of Bedford Road, Mile End—I lent the prisoner 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on a bicycle, on 15th January, between 6 and 7 p.m., in the name of Charles Old—I have not the deposit note here. Frederick Wildsmith. I am a builder, of Leytonstone—the prisoner is my nephew—I am almost sure Mr. Charrington is not his uncle or Mr. Morgan—none of my sisters married a Charrington.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The prisoner is connected in some way with the Char
<lb/>ringtons, but it is so far off.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100022"/>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>. "I did not obtain it with the wish to defraud. I was in a little trouble, and I intended to get it out and return it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<rs id="t18790210-211-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
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<hi rend="italic">submitted that the false pretences alleged as misrepresentations of an existing fact had not been made out. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">concurring, a verdict of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was taken.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS LOADER</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-212-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-212-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-212-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
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<interp inst="t18790210-name-99" type="surname" value="KNOWLES"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-99" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-212-offence-1 t18790210-name-99"/>Thomas Knowles</persName>, and stealing one looking-glass and one painting, her goods.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. D. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-100" type="surname" value="KNOWLES"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-100" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>AMELIA KNOWLES</persName> </hi>. I live at 15, Brunswick Place, Commercial Road, and am the wife of Thomas Knowles—I went to bed about 11.15 on the 11th January—the street door and windows were fastened—I got up at 7.30 the next (Sunday) morning, when I found the panels of the door broken in, and the parlour window had been forced—it had no catch, but a nail had been put in and that was broken off—I then missed an oil-painting and looking-glass—they were safe at 11 on Saturday night—I identify them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-101" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-101" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 637). At 1.30 a.m. on 12th January I was on duty in Narrow Street, Ratcliff, when I saw the prisoner and another man approaching me—the prisoner was carrying something under his arm, and the other was also carrying something on his shoulder—they came to within 20 or 30 yards of me, when they looked at me, turned round, and ran away—the prisoner turned down what is called the "four-foot way" leading to the Thames, and the other man threw down a picture and ran along another street—I gave chase to the other man but lost sight of him—then I met a Thames constable, and we searched for the prisoner—down the narrow way we found a looking-glass—we then went on board the barges which were lying about 20 yards from the narrow way—it had been snowing and freezing, and we traced some marks into the cabin of the barge "Jane Dale," and there we found the prisoner lying down very wet and steaming, as if he had been in the water—we had got there by going round a considerable distance—I said, "What are you doing here?" he said, "Nothing"—we took him ashore, and asked him what account he could give of the picture and looking-glass—he said, "I met a man at a coffee-stall in Commercial Road: knowing he was going my way homo and seeing he was carrying these things, I consented to carry the looking-glass"—he also made the same statement at the station when the charge was read over to him—the spot where I met the men is about five minutes' walk from Brunswick Place—the prisoner had 30 or 40 yards to run before he turned into the narrow way—I examined Mrs. Knowles's house, and found the panels of the door had been forced in, and the window had been forced open from the outside.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. You ran directly you saw me—he was wet all over—he could not swim, for the blocks of ice in the river at the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>."Last Saturday night week I was going home with a mate of mine, Charley Merritt, who asked me to go up and have a cup of coffee with him. While I was standing with him drinking my coffee this man came up with a picture on his shoulder and a looking-glass in his hand. He seemed to be half intoxicated, and got singing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100023"/>
<p>I have often seen his face, and knew him as Ted the Boilermaker. When I told him to go home, he might get locked up, I said 'I will see you home; I will come a little way with you. It will all be on my way, as you say you live at Millwall and I live at Limehouse.' On going along he says, 'Give me a spell with this wanting me to carry the picture and the looking-glass. I say 'No; I will take the looking-glass, in case you break it.' I got him round again the White Swan, down London Street, into the narrow way, that being the nearest direction to go. We got half-way up this narrow street, and I was walking ahead, when all of a sudden I heard a crash. On looking round I saw he had dropped the picture and was walking away as fast as he could. Presently two policemen ran by me. I stood for a moment and didn't know what to do. I put the glass down, and stood again this alley way when the policeman rushed over towards me. I backed down this alley, and before I knew where I was I was in the water. I sank down and came up again. I struggled on the ice. I saw a rope, and I grabbed at it I crawled on to the barge, and there I said insensible, and I remember no more not before I felt a blow, and on looking up I saw a constable and another man with him—he told me the charge, and I went and told him all I knew about it".</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-102" type="surname" value="MERRITT"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-102" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MERRITT</persName> </hi>. At 12 p.m. on Saturday, 11th January, I met the prisoner at the Lord Nelson, and asked him if he was going up to have a cup of coffee—we went up to the stall and had some coffee, when a man came up to the prisoner with a large picture on his shoulder and something else on his arm—he and the prisoner left the stall and I went home.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The Lord Nelson is in Gill Street, Limehouse—I do not know Brunswick Place or Manor Street, Ratcliff—I cannot read—I was examined at the police-court—I am not generally out at 12 p.m.—I saw the prisoner and the man were talking—I did not hear the prisoner say "Good-night" to me—they went towards Stepney station in the direc
<lb/>tion of Ratcliff, which runs along by the river—I do not know the narrow way.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-103" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-103" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). The Lord Nelson is about three-quarters of a mile from where I was on duty—it would take you about a quarter of an hour or ten minutes to get from one place to the other. The Prisoner in his defence repeated, in substance, his Statement before the Magistrate, and handed in some written characters from his masters.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-212-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-212-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-212-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MAYHEW</hi>**(32)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-213-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-213-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-213-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18790210-213-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-213-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-213-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to burglariously break
<lb/>ing and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18790210-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-105" type="gender" value="female"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-213-offence-1 t18790210-name-105"/>Eliza Sarah Ford</persName>, with intent to steal</rs>;
<rs id="t18790210-213-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-213-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-213-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>also to burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18790210-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-106" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-106" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-213-offence-2 t18790210-name-106"/>David Robertson</persName>, and stealing a coat</rs>,
<hi rend="italic">having been previously convicted</hi>.—
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<hi rend="italic">Ten Years' Penal Servitude</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GREEN</hi> (17)</persName> and
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WIL
<lb/>LIAMS</hi> (19)</persName>,
<rs id="t18790210-214-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-214-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-214-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-214-offence-1 t18790210-name-109"/>Edward Bach</persName>, and stealing a coat and other articles, his property</rs>.—
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-214-18790210 t18790210-214-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
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<interp inst="t18790210-214-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-215-18790210" type="given" value="EDWIN WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWIN WILLIAM MILLER</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-215-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-215-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-215-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> to stealing two bankers' cheques for 194
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 44
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of
<persName id="t18790210-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-111" type="surname" value="PAGET"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-111" type="given" value="BERKLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-215-offence-1 t18790210-name-111"/>Berkley Paget</persName>, his master</rs>;
<rs id="t18790210-215-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-215-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-215-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>also to feloniously forging and uttering an endorsement on a cheque for 34
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., with intent to defraud</rs>.—
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<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servi
<lb/>tude</hi> </rs>.
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<interp inst="t18790210-215-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-215-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18790210-216" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-216" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-216-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-216-18790210 t18790210-216-offence-1 t18790210-216-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-216-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-216-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18790210" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18790210" type="surname" value="HENESSEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18790210" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HENESSEY</hi>** (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-216-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-216-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-216-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> to stealing a purse and 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from the person of
<persName id="t18790210-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-113" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-113" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-216-offence-1 t18790210-name-113"/>Henry Mills</persName>, and to a previous conviction for felony in
<rs id="t18790210-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-216-offence-1 t18790210-cd-1"/>August, 1876</rs>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18790210-216-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-216-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-216-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-216-18790210 t18790210-216-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two Years' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18790210-216-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-216-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-216-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-217">
<interp inst="t18790210-217" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-217" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-217-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-217-18790210 t18790210-217-offence-1 t18790210-217-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-217-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-217-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18790210" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18790210" type="surname" value="DENHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18790210" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID DENHAM</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-217-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-217-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-217-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18790210-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-115" type="surname" value="BLATT"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-115" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-115" type="occupation" value="haberdahser"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-217-offence-1 t18790210-name-115"/>John Blatt</persName>, and stealing therein a window curtain, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUMPHREYS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-116" type="surname" value="BLATT"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BLATT</persName> </hi>. I am a haberdasher at 133, Hereford Road, Hackney—it is a private house—on February 5th I went to bed at 11 o'clock—I had fastened all the windows and doors—I slept in the back parlour on the ground-floor—about 3.30 a.m. I was disturbed by a noise which seemed to be at the door leading from the passage to the front parlour—I went imme
<lb/>diately with a lamp, and saw the prisoner at the window—he saw me coining in, and I called to him, "Stop, or I'll knock you down"—he stood still—my wife made an alarm, a constable came, and I gave the prisoner in charge—I found the latch forced back—the window was shut down—there were two curtains in the room; one was folded up on the sofa, and it lay by the door when I entered, partly spread out; the prisoner had removed it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-117" type="surname" value="STILLWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-117" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD STILLWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman M</hi> 154). I was called to Hereford Road about 3.45 last Thursday morning, and found the prisoner in the parlour—Blatt gave him in custody for burglary—he had no boots on—I asked him where they were—he said "In the front garden;" I found them there—I examined the window, and found it had been tampered with, apparently with a knife.</p>
<rs id="t18790210-217-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-217-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-217-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790210-217-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-217-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-217-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-217-18790210 t18790210-217-punishment-18"/>Judgment Respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-218">
<interp inst="t18790210-218" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-218" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-218-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-218-18790210 t18790210-218-offence-1 t18790210-218-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-218-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-218-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18790210" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18790210" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18790210" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES DAY</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-218-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-218-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-218-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Feloniously entering a dwelling-house in the night, with intent to commit felony.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUMPHREYS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-119" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-119" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ROBERTSON</persName> </hi>. I am manager to William Robertson, 4, Gledout Terrace, Canning town, fishmonger—on the night of the 27th I won't to bed about 11.30, and was roused about 4 a.m. by the police—on searching the house the prisoner was found—there is a large fanlight to the door—it was left open on a pivot with a chain—I think there was room for a man to get through—in the morning the window was as I had left it at night—I think the prisoner had been drinking, but he was not drunk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-120" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-120" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL COLLINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 499). On the morning of 28th December I saw the prosecutor's fanlight open—I found marks on the door—I watched, and with other constables I roused Mr. Robertson—we searched the house, and found the prisoner in the cellar—he said nothing; he was sober—it is a large fanlight—it was on the chain—a man could force his way through.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-121" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-121" type="given" value="NOAH"/>NOAH JOHNSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant T</hi> 2). I examined the door and the fanlight on the same morning—I found marks of mud outside on the door and the door knob, and traced the marks to the top of the door—if the fan
<lb/>light was forced open there would be room enough for a man to get through, Witness for the Defence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-122" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-122" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MARSHALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">examined by the Prisoner</hi>). When you left my house you were drunk—that would be from 2.30 to 3, to the best of my knowledge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, stated that he was drunk, and could not account for being in the shop.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18790210-218-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-218-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-218-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.*—
<rs id="t18790210-218-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-218-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-218-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-218-18790210 t18790210-218-punishment-19"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100025"/>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-291">
<interp inst="t18790210-291" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-291" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-291-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18790210 t18790210-291-offence-1 t18790210-291-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-291-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-291-18790210 t18790210-291-offence-1 t18790210-291-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-291-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-291-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18790210" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18790210" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18790210" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MATTHEWS</hi> (22)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-291-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-291-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-291-18790210" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def2-291-18790210" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="def2-291-18790210" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE LANE</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-291-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-291-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-291-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Steal
<lb/>ing 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in money from the person of
<persName id="t18790210-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-125" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-125" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-125" type="occupation" value="sewing machine maker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-291-offence-1 t18790210-name-125"/>James Hill</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DOUGLAS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-126" type="surname" value="EGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-126" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMBS EGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 187). On 31st January, about noon, I saw the prisoners together in Aldersgate Street, near Little Britain—I followed them about 10 minutes—several people were looking in the shop window of a newsagent's, No. 162, Aldersgate Street—Lane went to the prosecutor's right side and put his left hand to his ticket-pocket—I was on the opposite side of the road—he drew his hand away and both prisoners went towards Goswell Road, Lane apparently looking at something in his hand—I sent a man to inquire if the prosecutor had lost anything, and I followed the prisoners and told them I should charge them with picking pockets—they said nothing—when I caught hold of them Lane put his hand in his right-hand trousers pocket—I called to several persons by to look out, as I thought he was dropping something—before I apprehended him I saw him hand something to Matthews—I searched them at the police-station—on Matthews I found a halfpenny and a knife, and on Lane an old ring—I saw nothing drop, but from the movement of the hand in his trousers I have no doubt when he dropped it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Matthews</hi>. I caught hold of both of you—the other policeman followed us afterwards—he turned into the court when I was bringing you—that court leads into the Goswell Road and into the Golden Lane—the crown collected in Aldersgate Street—you were allowed to get so far away because if I had taken you in custody we might have lost the prosecutor—he had his arm in a sling—you were both running.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-127" type="surname" value="SAGER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-127" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT SAGER</persName> </hi>. I am a medical student at St. Bartholomew's Hospital—I was standing on the opposite side of the road—my attention was attracted to the prisoners—Lane placed himself on the prosecutor's right side; he was amongst a crowd of people looking in a newspaper shop window—I saw him put his right hand under his left arm and put his finger in the ticket-pocket—Eagen, the officer, had previously communicated with me and I was watching—Matthews stood close behind Lane—Lane came away and walked some 8 or 10 yards, when Matthews joined him, and Lane showed something to him—then from what Eagen said to me I went to the prosecutor and took his name and address—the two prisoners were taken in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Matthews</hi>. I took hold of the other prisoner from Egan, and handed him over to 184 Z—five policemen followed afterwards—the crowd got together at the corner of the court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I saw the prisoners apprehended and a crowd followed them immediately—I was with Egan—he handed the small prisoner over to me and then I handed him over to a City constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-128" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HILL</persName> </hi>. I am a sewing-machine maker and live at 27, Lindsey Street, Bermondsey—on 31st January, about noon, I was in Aldersgate Street, looking in a newspaper shop—I had this coat on—there is a ticket-pocket in it—I had sixpence and three penny pieces—there were about half a dozen other people there—Sager touched me on the shoulder, and in con
<lb/>sequence of what he said I felt in my ticket-pocket and the money was not there—it was safe there at the Spa Road station not long before—I had been nowhere else—I did not notice the prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Matthews</hi>. I never saw either of you before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-291-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-291-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-291-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MATTHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was further charged with a previous conviction</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100026"/>
<hi rend="italic">of felony, to which he</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>. A long statement was made by Matthews to show he that had been working for various employers at different parts of the country since his return from penal servitude on 7th July, but was harassed by the police, and had applied to the Prisoners' Aid Society for work; that he was trying to get into St. Bartholomew's Hospital with the boy Lane when arrested.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790210-291-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-291-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-291-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18790210 t18790210-291-punishment-20"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-291-18790210 t18790210-291-punishment-20"/>Judgment Respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-292">
<interp inst="t18790210-292" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-292" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-292-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-292-18790210 t18790210-292-offence-1 t18790210-292-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-292-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-292-18790210 t18790210-292-offence-1 t18790210-292-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-292-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-292-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18790210" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18790210" type="surname" value="WAINWRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18790210" type="given" value="GEORGE JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE JOHN WAINWRIGHT</hi> (24)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-292-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-292-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-292-18790210" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-292-18790210" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="def2-292-18790210" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE PHILLIPS</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-292-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-292-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-292-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery upon
<persName id="t18790210-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-131" type="surname" value="BACCHUS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-131" type="given" value="WILLIAM PHILIP"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-131" type="occupation" value="compositor"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-292-offence-1 t18790210-name-131"/>William Philip Bacchus</persName> and stealing a knife and 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-132" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-132" type="surname" value="SLEIGH"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-132" type="given" value="WARNER"/>MR. WARNER SLEIGH</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. D. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Phillips.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-133" type="surname" value="BACCHUS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-133" type="given" value="WILLIAM PHILIP"/>WILLIAM PHILIP BACCHUS</persName> </hi>. I am a compositor, at 15, Eversholt Street, Camden Town—on Sunday, 1st December, about 11.20 p.m., I was in Seymour Street, St. Pancras—as I got to Drummond Crescent I was seized by two men—there were in fact three men; the prisoners are two of them, I have not the least doubt about it—Wainwright caught me by the right arm and Phillips by the left—the third man was behind—I struggled, and in the struggle I got a kick on the leg by the ankle—I don't know who did it—it dislocated the bone—the kick was from the left side and Phillips was on that side—I fell down, they picked me up, and I was dragged some distance across the road—I again struggled, and fell with the foot doubled under me after crossing two roads—Wainwright fell on me on the right with his hands in my pocket—he pulled my coat open—I became partially senseless-Phillips had his hand in my trousers pocket on the one side and Wainwright on the other, and in falling down some money fell on the pavement—I do not remember Mr. McColl on that night—on trying to get on my legs I found that the foot had gone—it had twisted out—I seemed to be walking on the stump of my leg—I had had between 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in halfpence and silver, a knife and some keys—my clothes were taken off at the hospital—I did not see the things taken out, but all that was given to my wife was a street door key—I have been obliged to have my foot amputated at University Hospital.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wainwright</hi>. It was some time after this occurred when you picked me up and put me by the post—I had a ring on my finger in the cab—I did not feel anybody try to bite it off.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Mr. Metcalfe</hi>. I was not drunk—I had a little, but was not the least intoxicated—I could remember everything before the kick, but not after—the Cross Keys, Peebles Road, was the last public-house I had been in—it is a little over a mile from the place—I had there two-pennyworth of Irish whisky warm; nothing else—I was with a companion about half an hour before that, at the Carpenters' Arms, Burton Street—I had twopennyworth of Irish whisky warm—I had not been to any other for two hours before that, when I had half a pint of stout and mild at the Jolly Carpenters in Euston Street—that is all I had—it would not be right if the witnesses said that I was drunk—I gave Mr. McColl my name and address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-134" type="surname" value="MCCOLL"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-134" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY McCOLL</persName> </hi>. I am a chairmaker, and live at 54, Great Clarendon Street—on Sunday night, 1st December, about 11.30, I was going down Seymour Street and saw Mr. Bacchus on the ground at the corner of Drummond Crescent—I was about six yards away—I got right opposite, and heard Wainwright talking rather loud—I could see his face—I also saw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100027"/>
<p>Phillips—Wainwright stood Mr. Bacchus up against a lamp-post, and Phillips helped him—I asked Mr. Bacchus where he lived—he said, "15, Everholt Street"—I did not ask his name—I took his arm to lead him across the road—upon that Wainwright pulled me away, and said, "Come out of the b—way; you don't know how to hold the b—man up at all"—he led him up the street about 200 yards—I saw him put his hand into Bacchus's pocket and some money dropped out—I followed them—I saw another man not in custody pick up the money—I thought Bacchus was a little worse for liquor; it might have been from excitement—I was looking at Wainwright's hand—he asked what I was looking at, and said, "I'll put this in your bleeding eye"—I stepped back—the man not in custody gave a private whistle, and the two prisoners went across the road—I went back—a cab was coming, and Phillips came with me to it, and we went to the hospital—I heard Wainwright say to Bacchus that if he didn't get up he would kick him in the b—legs—that was when I saw them trying to put him up against the lamp-post—Phillips came to my assistance, and went to the hospital with me—I am positive he is the same man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wainwright</hi>. When I saw you first, I did not ask you what was the matter with the prosecutor—I had just left Gower Street Station at 11.20—he went to fall, and I caught him in my arms—I did not give you any money—Phillips did not run away at all—the man who whistled ran away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Mr. Metcalfe</hi>. I could hardly say whether the pro
<lb/>secutor was quite sober—Phillips assisted me to take him along, and he got into the cab with me and went to the hospital—he went afterwards to Bacchus's house to fetch his wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-135" type="surname" value="GILBY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-135" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GILBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 472). On Sunday night, 1st December, about 11 o'clock, I was on duty in Euston Road—I noticed three men standing at the corner of Seymour Street—I know two of them—I recognise Phillips—I do not know Wainwright—the other man I know very well—they went along Seymour Street—I was with another constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-136" type="surname" value="COPLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-136" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY COPLEY</persName> </hi>. I am house-surgeon of University College Hospital—Bacchus was brought there on the night of 1st December about 11.45, suffering from a compound fracture of the leg into the ankle joint, with a fracture of the small bone and an abrasion over, splintering the bone—it was found necessary to amputate the foot at once—I do not think the whole of the injury could have been caused by a kick—there was a bruise on the outer side—I think, possibly, the man, having been kicked, might have attempted to walk, and, falling down, might have fractured the large bone, making it a compound fracture.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Mr. Metcalfe</hi>. His breath smelt, and I gave it as my. opinion before the Magistrate that he had been drinking.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-137" type="surname" value="OTTWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-137" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN OTTWAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant Y</hi>). On 24th December I took Phillips in custody at the corner of Exmouth Street, near the House of Correction—he said "I know what you want me for; you want me as a witness"—I told him he would be charged with being concerned in the robbery with one in custody, and one not in custody—he said "I was there. Poacher done the dib, and Dawley picked some of the money up. I didn't do anything. I took the man to the hospital"—Wainwright is known as Poacher—Dawley is not in custody—Phillips lives at Chapel Street, Islington.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-138" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-138" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DODD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector T</hi>). On the morning of December 6th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100028"/>
<p>I went to 1, Harrison's Court, Seymour Street, and saw Wainwright in bed—I told him I was a police officer, and he would be charged with two others for assaulting Bacchus, and robbing him—he said "You have made a mistake."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Wainwright's Defence</hi>. I know about picking up the man. I picked up a penny, and gave it to him, and I saw this man (Phillips) and another. He was holding him up. I saw Phillips kick the man, and he walked about 100 yards and fell down. Here are my boots (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), they would not break a man's leg.</p>
<rs id="t18790210-292-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-292-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-292-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILLIPS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was further charged with having been previously convicted in September</hi>, 1874.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-139" type="surname" value="HUMPHRIES"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-139" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD HUMPHRIES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Warder Coldbath Fields Prison</hi>). I was in the prison when Phillips came in for six months—he was six months under my charge—I saw him daily, and we have a photograph of him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Phillips</hi>. I do not know if you have any marks upon you, but I know we have your photograph—I can find it if necessary.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-140" type="surname" value="CLIFFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CLIFFORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). Phillips is the individual referred to in the certificate (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—there is as much difference between him and his brother as there is between him and me—there is not much difference. in their size—I have known both the brothers ever since they were children—this is
<persName id="t18790210-name-141">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-141" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-141" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>Robert Phillips</persName>—he has gone in different names.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Phillips</hi>. I have a ship on my arm, and other things tattooed over it. If they had any evidence that it was me they would bring it. If you believe what policemen say, what would be the consequence? They would bring a man in for murder any time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the previous conviction.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WAINWRIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790210-292-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-292-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-292-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-292-18790210 t18790210-292-punishment-21"/>Six Months Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILLIPS</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790210-292-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-292-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-292-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-292-18790210 t18790210-292-punishment-22"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-293">
<interp inst="t18790210-293" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-293" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-293-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-293-18790210 t18790210-293-offence-1 t18790210-293-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-293-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-293-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-293-18790210" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-293-18790210" type="surname" value="GOLDSMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-293-18790210" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY GOLDSMITH</hi> (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-293-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-293-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-293-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery upon
<persName id="t18790210-name-143" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-143" type="surname" value="HALLE"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-143" type="given" value="CONSTANT ETIENNE"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-143" type="occupation" value="miller"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-293-offence-1 t18790210-name-143"/>Constant Etienne Halle</persName>, and stealing from his person five pieces of paper, two foreign coins, and 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUMPHREYS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-144" type="surname" value="HALLE"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-144" type="given" value="CONSTANT ETIENNE"/>CONSTANT ETIENNE HALLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">through an Interpreter</hi>). I am a miller at 65; Grande Rue Boulogne, Paris—I arrived in London on 30th December—I met a soldier soon after, and remained with him till about 5.30, when I left him, and walked about for two hours—I then went to a public-house—I saw the soldier there again, and the prisoner—they spoke together, but I did not understand them—I left the public-house by myself, and ten minutes after
<lb/>wards the prisoner and the soldier rushed upon me—the prisoner took hold of me by the throat—they put their hands into my pockets and took my money—my knee was scratched and my trousers torn—they took 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in silver, two franc pieces, and some papers, and ran away—I went to the police-station—the prisoner was brought in, and I recognised him at once—I had only drunk about two glasses the whole day—I am quite certain the prisoner is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. In the morning I was with two soldiers, but when this happened there was only one—at the station I said I would not undertake to swear positively to the soldier for fear I might make a mistake—I am certain as to you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. When I was on the ground the prisoner had his knee on my chest, and he is the person who searched my pockets.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100029"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-145" type="surname" value="WINTER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-145" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WINTER</persName> </hi>. I live at 10, Victoria Yard, Chelsea, and am a furniture salesman—on the evening of 30th January, about 9 o'clock, I was in the Coach and Horses—Halle was there talking to two soldiers, and the prisoner was sitting on the bench—he got up to speak to Hallo several times—the tall soldier left first, and then Halle left, and the prisoner followed—the prisoner had been annoying Halle—he came back to the public-house about a quarter of an hour after, and said to a woman sitting there with a white apron on "What do you think of that French
<lb/>man? he went and bought sixpenny worth of cigarettes, and would not give me one; but I got the b——'s money"—I went outside, and saw Halle with the two policemen, and I said "There's the man inside," and I told them the very words—Halle was excited; he could not speak English.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I did not say at the police-court that two soldiers went out together, and you followed after—there were two soldiers in company—the tall soldier went out, Halle followed, and you followed him—you were the third to go out—the other soldier did not go till some time afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-146" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-146" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I am foreman of St. George's Vestry, and live at 45, Memorial Buildings, Pimlico—about 9.30 p.m. on 30th January I was in Lower Sloane Street—I saw the prisoner there with a soldier, leading Halle down the middle of the road—I then saw Halle in the centre of the road lying on his face between the soldier and the prisoner—whether he was thrown down or not I cannot say—I am certain the prisoner was the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-147" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-147" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-147" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am housekeeper to my father, who is a police sergeant, living at 41, Lower Sloane Street—on the 30th January, about 9.30 p.m., I was coming out of our house, and saw the prisoner with a soldier and Halle—I was going across the road when I heard some one shout "Oh!" and I saw a man on the ground—the prisoner was stooping down with his arm under the man's waistcoat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I will swear you had your arm under his waistcoat—I saw you pull your arm away—he was down in front, and you was stooping—I said I thought he was the man—I could not swear to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-148" type="surname" value="LONGSTAFF"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-148" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD LONGSTAFF</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B</hi> 464). At 9.45 p.m. on January 30th I saw Halle—he made me understand he had been robbed—I took him first to the barracks and then to the station, where he identified the prisoner, who said "It was a fine thing for me to be taken into custody, and charged with this that was committed half an hour ago."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I admit being with the prosecutor, but as to robbing him, I am innocent; he was robbed; there were two soldiers implicted in the case.</p>
<rs id="t18790210-293-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-293-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-293-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18790210-293-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-293-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-293-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-293-18790210 t18790210-293-punishment-23"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hawkins.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-294">
<interp inst="t18790210-294" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-294" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-294-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-294-18790210 t18790210-294-offence-1 t18790210-294-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-294-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-294-18790210 t18790210-294-offence-1 t18790210-294-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-294-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-294-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-294-18790210" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-294-18790210" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-294-18790210" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL MILLER</hi> (20)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-294-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-294-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-294-18790210" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-294-18790210" type="surname" value="KITSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-294-18790210" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR KITSON</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-294-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-294-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-294-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18790210-name-151" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-151" type="surname" value="HALFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-151" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-151" type="occupation" value="labourer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-294-offence-1 t18790210-name-151"/>John Halford</persName>, and stealing 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, wounding with intent to murder. Two other Counts, to disable and to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEWART WHITE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Kitson.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-152" type="surname" value="HALFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-152" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HALFORD</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer in the employment of Mr. Wilde, of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100030"/>
<p>Hayes—for the last 11 years I have been employed as a watcher to Sir Charles Mills—the prisoners work in the brickfield—I have known Miller all his life, and Kitson two or three years—on Monday, 23rd December about 5 in the evening, I was coming across a field in Hayes parish, I heard somebody beating in the cover, I got over a stile out of a ploughed field into a meadow, and walked along one side of the cover, I could not see any one, and I turned back and met the prisoners and another man named Edward Jellaman, who is not apprehended yet; they had just come over the stile out of the cover—Miller had got on a brown jacket, Kitson had some
<lb/>thing on his face, or it was blacked, I had but one sight, they gave me no chance—I said, "What are you chaps doing here I you had better go away"—they began swearing, language not fit to mention in Court, and said, "What have you to do with it I we will corpse you"—all of them used the language, all together—they then all rushed at me, knocked me down, and kicked me about—I was alone—one of them had a stick in his hand, I had a fork under my left arm that I had been working with all day—while I was down, Miller said, "Have you got any bleeding money about you I if you have we mean having it"—I did not say anything—Miller got his hand in one of my trousers pockets, and Kitson in the other as I laid on the ground—I said, "If you will let me alone I will give you what I have got"—Miller said, "Well, let us have it, then, and bleeding quick"—I then gave Miller a sovereign, I had more in my pocket, I said, "Here is a sovereign, don't knock me about no more, don't murder me"—Miller then hit me in the face with his fist, and said, "We mean finishing of you"—they were all three close together; the other two then began kicking me again—Jella-man said, "Let us corpse him, let us make a job of it now we have got the chance"—Jellaman is a man just about the game age, size, and stamp as the prisoners—they kept kicking me about, and one of them, I can't say which, said, "There are two or three more of you b—s we mean to serve the same"—they kicked me a few more times after that, and then went away, and left me lying in the snow; they kicked me all over my head, at the back of the left ear and face, all down my thighs and private parts, and my hands; there are the scars now—they aimed at my private parts, it was not an accident—Jellaman kicked straight right between my legs as I laid on the ground—just before they went away they kicked my hand, when I tried to save my private parts—I can't say who kicked me there besides Jellaman, they kicked at me there several times, I was partly stunned—I suffered for several days, but not a great lot; I bled, they kicked the skin off me, I was all sores all over the head and face—they kicked the skin off my private parts, and they smashed the back of my hand—I bled all about my face and head—when I recovered myself I went home to a neighbour's, Mr. Trussler, the under gamekeeper, I live in the next house to him—I made a complaint to him, and asked him to go up to Mr. Gold's along with me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I had given offence to the prisoners—I had been up as a witness against Kitson not very long ago, for poaching, very close on the same spot of ground—I was assaulted at Yedding once, and Miller was in that, but I never had him apprehended, or gave evidence against him—I had not had any threats from either of them before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Miller</hi>. I knew you perfectly well, I swear to you by your features, and your clothes, and your stamp—you had on a brown jacket with a corded front, and fustian sleeves and back, very old, you could wear another one over it if you liked, and a billycock hat.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100031"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WHFFE</hi>. I have known Kitson two or three years, I knew him before he came to Hayes—this was at 5 o'clock, getting dusk—Kitson either had hit face blacked, or had a mask, I could not say which, it was either one or the other—I have not said that I could dis-tinguish him by his features—they all three swore and used these expres
<lb/>sions; they all shouted our at once, and rushed at me as the same time they were speaking—I recognised Kitson's voice, and I knew him by his stamp besides—I knew Miller without taking notice of his voice—I gave informa
<lb/>tion to the police the same night—Kitson worked in the neighbourhood—he was arrested about three weeks afterwards, he could not be found—I gave information about him the next morning, I told the sergeant he had his face blacked—I remember seeing a stick, I can't say which had it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-153" type="surname" value="TRUSSLER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-153" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY TRUSSLER</persName> </hi>. I am under-gamekeeper to Sir Charles Mille—I live next to Halford—he came round to me on the evening of 23rd Dec., a little after 5; he was smothered in blood—next morning I went to a field be
<lb/>longing to Mr. Wilshire, the place Halford told me of—I found where three men had been and a dog, I could track them—the place was covered with snow, and there was blood on the snow; there was a good drop of blood, it spread about 3 yards—I found a fork, a stick, and a cap lying there—I pro
<lb/>duce them—the handle of the fork was broken as it is now, not the prongs; there was blood on the handle and on the iron-work—I did not find any on the stick—there were footsteps in the snow where there bad been trampling about—there were three tracks of footsteps leading towards the Industry public-house and from it, and one the opposite way—I saw the footsteps of the dog distinctly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-154" type="surname" value="HALFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-154" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HALFORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I never saw any dog, they did not give me any chance—I don't know what became of my fork, I never saw it till the following Monday—I had it under my left arm when I spoke to them; they knocked me down with the fork under my arm—I never used it at all—I could not say if they were sober, I should think they must have been, they appeared to be sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-155" type="surname" value="GOULD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-155" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GOULD</persName> </hi>. I am head gamekeeper to Sir Charles Mille—Halford and Trussler came to me on the evening of 23rd—Halford was smothered in blood. I could hardly see a bit of his face for the blood; he seemed very weak, he could hardly stand—I took him inside, put a chair for him, and gave him some brandy—three or four days afterwards I went to Mr. Wilshire's field—I had seen Kitson shortly before this about the neighbour-hood, about Easter time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-156" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-156" type="surname" value="ROUSE"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-156" type="given" value="EVALINE"/>EVALINE ROUSE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Christopher Rouse, who keeps the Industry beerhouse, at Hayes—I know the two prisoners—on 23rd Dec. they came into my house in the middle day with Jellaman—they stayed a short time, it might have been an hour—I saw them again about 6 in the evening, ail three together.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Miller.</hi> At the time you left my house you were dressed just as you are now—you had a white hat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WHITE</hi>. I recollect the time they came because I was just taking my little children to bed—no one has been speaking to me about this—I am quite sure it was 6 o'clock, not before or after.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Miller has a black hat, I generally saw him in a black hat—he had not got a brown jacket corded in front, he had no more clothes than he stands up in now—that is all I have seen him in, except a dirty</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100034"/>
<p>corded jacket—I could not say what sort of sleeves it had, I believe they were fustian—the back was the same as the sleeves—he does not often wear a white hat—he wore the white hat when he left my house in the morning, and the same when he came in at 6—he lodges with us, so I know his clothes—he came downstairs in the morning and had his breakfast—he did not go to work that day, he had not done any work for a week, there was no work for him to do—our house is not much used by these brickmakers—we have not kept it long—a few persons came in middle day, more than generally—there were not many in the evening, no more than our other lodgers—we have six lodgers—Jellaman was not one; he has been to the house several times, but was not in the habit of using it—I never saw either of the prisoners with a dog, I am sure of that—I saw Miller's corded jacket hanging up that day; it always does hang up when he has not got it on—I recollect it particularly, it hung on the horse—there are several rooms in which the men slept—Joseph Drinkwater slept in the same room; he was dressed in felt clothes that day—his clothes were not hanging up—he was at work that day—he had only one suit—I did not see any of the other lodgers' clothes hanging up that day—I am quite sure they were not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-157" type="surname" value="ROUSE"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-157" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>CHRISTOPHER ROUSE</persName> </hi>. I keep the Industry beershop—I have known Miller all his lifetime and Kitson about two or three years—Miller has lodged with us about nine months, ever since I took the place—I was not at home in the early part of 23rd December; I went out about 9 and came home about 3 in the afternoon—I did not see either of the prisoners there in the day; they came in about 6 o'clock with Jellaman and a young woman; they stopped, it might be, half an hour; they had two pots of beer and half an ounce of tobacco; they did not pay for it; Miller said he would pay another time, as it had been usual for him to pay once a week—Kitson and Jellaman came to my house the night Miller was taken into custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WHITE</hi>. There were seven or eight persons in the house that night besides the prisoners—I did not see a dog.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I have seen the prisoners and Jellaman together at fre
<lb/>quent times—sometimes they have been by themselves, sometimes I have seen them separately—I never knew ere a one of them have a dog—I did not see a dog with them that day—I have seen one with them at times; it used to be a black dog, a big one, a kind of greyhound dog, a lurcher; I have seen one of that sort with them; I have seen them with a dog when they have been together—Miller had on a black jacket that evening, the jacket he has on now, and to the best of my recollection a billycock hat—he had an old corded jacket which he used to go to work in; he did not wear it when he went out anywhere—he used to wear it at times and this one at times; that night I know he was wearing this because I have seen him with it on so many times—I never saw him wear a white hat—I have no recollection of what clothes Kitson had on, whether he had a black or brown coat—I do not recollect how Jellaman was dressed; all I know is they were in the house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-158" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-158" type="surname" value="JOLLY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-158" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH JOLLY</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Jolly, who keeps the Willow Tree public-house—that is about half a mile from the Industry—I have seen the two prisoners at our house—I saw them there on the evening of 3rd December, from about 7 till 8, as near as I could judge—Jellaman was with them—they had two pots of beer—Kitson paid a shilling for it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WHITE</hi>. Kitson had not been into my house for a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100035"/>
<p>long time before this—we had no one else but those men in the house that night, so I could not make a mistake about the time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I heard of Halford being beaten that night, when the policeman came after them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-159" type="surname" value="WEEKES"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-159" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WEEKES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 448). I saw the prisoners and Jellaman on the morning of the 23rd December, about ten minutes to 11—they had a dog with them, a lurcher; they were going in the direction of the Industry; Miller had a stick like the one produced; he had on his ordinary suit that he wears in the brickfield, a cord-fronted waistcoat and what is termed a velveteen back; it was much coloured with soot, as he had been in the habit of going about with a sweep for some weeks—he had on a soft felt hat, black; I am positive of that—I did not see any blood on their clothes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WHITE</hi>. Kitson came to the station to try and get Miller out on bail.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-160" type="surname" value="MORBY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-160" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH MORBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 414
<hi rend="italic">A R</hi>). On the. night of 23rd December, in consequence of information of this assault and robbery, I went to the Industry public-house—I made inquiry there for Miller—I did not find him there—I found him in a meadow between Mr. Odell's brickfield and the Willow Tree public-house about 8.30—I said, "Miller, you are charged with assaulting and attempting to rob John Halford at 5 o'clock to-day"—he said, "All right, Mr. Morby, I will go with you; I know nothing about it; I have been drinking at this house with my mates the last three hours"—we were then close to the Willow Tree—I afterwards went into the Willow Tree and found Kitson, Jellaman, and George Drinkwater, sitting in the taproom—I did not apprehend Kitson that night; Mr. Gould decided to take out warrants for him and Jellaman, as Kitson was stated to have had a black face, and Jellaman was not known personally to Halford—his name was not mentioned that night, Kitson's was—I ultimately apprehended Kitson on 18th January at the London Gas Works, Nine Elms—I said to him, "You are charged with assaulting and attempting to rob Halford on 23rd December at 5 o'clock"—he did not answer at first; he seemed very nervous as I was putting on the handcuffs—he said, "I am innocent of the job; I will go with you"—I said, "Where is Jellaman?"—he said, "Jellaman, I don't know him; I might know his nickname, but I don't know Jellaman"—he afterwards said, "I was coming home on Saturday night to save you the trouble."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WHITE</hi>. I did not take Kitson at first as I was acting under instructions, partly from Mr. Gould; I might have arrested him—I did not say to Drinkwater, "You have got the soot off your face."</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. When I took Miller he was wearing a pilot jacket, a black, soft felt hat, and a pair of cord trousers; I believe it was a rougher coat than the one he has on now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-161" type="surname" value="LUPTON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-161" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED LUPTON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Parrott, a surgeon at Hayes—about 7.30, on 23rd, Halford was brought to me; I examined his face and head—I found 10 superficial bruises or wounds about the head and face; they had bled profusely; the skin was broken—the left ear had been bleed-ing profusely, but the hæmorrhage had stopped; that was a very dangerous injury—there were considerable bruises about the hips; they were not lacera tions; the skin was not broken—on the back of the left hand there was a severe bruise, the skin being broken—he remained under my care about 10 days; he was in bed the most part of the time—the testicle was severely</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100036"/>
<p>injured; I believe by a kick, from his statement—the injuries were exactly such as might be produced by a kick—he has recovered from them now.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Miller, in his defence, stated that he was in company with Kitson and Jellaman at the Industry from about</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">till</hi> 3.30,
<hi rend="italic">when he left there, and did not see them again till</hi> 5.45,
<hi rend="italic">when he went with them to the Willow Tree and had some beer.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-162" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-162" type="surname" value="ROUSE"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-162" type="given" value="EVALINE"/>EVALINE ROUSE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I am sure Miller had on a white hat in the morning, and also at 6 o'clock; he kept his hat where his clothes were—as a usual thing he did not wear his white hat—I have seen the hat on the top of the cupboard, but never saw him wear it before; it was a thing that struck me—my husband saw him at 6; I don't know whether he noticed the hat; he stood in the tap room—Miller has no pilot coat.</p>
<rs id="t18790210-294-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-294-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-294-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on all the counts except the intent to murder</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18790210-294-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-294-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-294-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-294-18790210 t18790210-294-punishment-24"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-294-18790210 t18790210-294-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twenty-five Lashes each</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<rs id="t18790210-294-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-294-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-294-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-294-18790210 t18790210-294-punishment-25"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-294-18790210 t18790210-294-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-295">
<interp inst="t18790210-295" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-295" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-295-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-295-18790210 t18790210-295-offence-1 t18790210-295-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-295-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-295-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18790210" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18790210" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18790210" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERTSON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ROBERTSON HAYWARD</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-295-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-295-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-295-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Rape on
<persName id="t18790210-name-164" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-164" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-164" type="surname" value="BURNS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-164" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-295-offence-1 t18790210-name-164"/>Charlotte Mary Burns</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WAITE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18790210-295-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-295-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-295-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the attempt</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18790210-295-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-295-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-295-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-295-18790210 t18790210-295-punishment-26"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-296">
<interp inst="t18790210-296" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-296" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-296-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-296-18790210 t18790210-296-offence-1 t18790210-296-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-296-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-296-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18790210" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18790210" type="surname" value="MEARS"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18790210" type="given" value="SAMUEL JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL JOHN MEARS</hi> (39)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<rs id="t18790210-296-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-296-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-296-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of 78
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., with intent to defraud;
<hi rend="italic">also to stealing the said order</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18790210-296-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-296-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-296-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18790210-296-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-296-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-296-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-296-18790210 t18790210-296-punishment-27"/>Judgment Respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18790210-297" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-297" type="date" value="18790210"/>
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<persName id="def1-297-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-297-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18790210" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18790210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JACKSON</hi>, </persName>
<rs id="t18790210-297-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-297-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-297-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Unlawfully attempting to obtain six boxes of cigars and two pounds of tobacco of
<persName id="t18790210-name-167" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-167" type="surname" value="HODGES"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-167" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-167" type="occupation" value="cigar merchants"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-297-offence-1 t18790210-name-167"/>William Hedges</persName>, and other goods from other persons.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR HENRY JAMES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-168" type="surname" value="HEDGES"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-168" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HEDGES</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Benson and Hedges, cigar merchants, of 13, Old Bond Street—on 15th December a customer of mine, William Worth Newenham, left this country for Australia—I did not see him on board the Somersetshire—on 24th December, I received this letter: "December 24th, 1878. Coxe's Hotel, 32 Room. Sir,—he so good as to send me three boxes of Maria Victorias, and three of La Intimidads, and two pounds of your smoking mixture, as soon as possible.—Yours truly, W. W. Newenham." I went to Cox's Hotel, and made inquiries and went back, and then Mr. Adams, the clerk to Messrs. Beale and Inman, called on me, and I went again to Cox's Hotel about 1 o'clock with him, and saw the prisoner in the coffee-room—I produced the letter, and Mr. Adams also produced a letter—I addressed the prisoner as Mr. Newenham; he said, "Yes"—I said, "You have written to me for some cigars"—he said, "They are for Mr. George Newenham"—I said, "What is the meaning of this, did you write this letter?" he said, "No, it is written by George Newenham," either a cousin or brother of William Newenham, I am not certain which he said—I said, "How came you to come to this hotel in the name of Newenham, when your name is Jackson?"—he said, "I came for the purpose of receiving the goods—he also said that he knew that W. W. Newenham had gone to Australia in the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100037"/>
<p>Somersetshire—I told him it was a very serious case; he most make his explanation before a Magistrate, and gave him in custody—he said, "I was going to take the goods to Mr. George Newenham"—one of the witnesses said, "Where is Mr. George Newenham"—he said, I had rather not say," or words to that effect—Mr. Adams showed him his letter, and he said, "I posted that with one other"—I said, "To whom was the third letter written?"—he said, "I decline to say," but we discovered that after-wards—I know Mr. W. W. Newenham's writing, and I am certain that these three letters and envelopes were not written by him—I have his writing in our address-book, and have compared it—the cigars and the smoking mixture are worth from 20?. to 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I fancy I have seen the prisoner at our place of business-his face is familiar to me—I have made several in
<lb/>quiries, but cannot hear of hear of George Newenham's existence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known W. W. Newenham since June 11, 1878; that was the first time he came—he has had dealings with us to the amount of 3/. or 4?., for which he paid; but the amount standing to his debit now is about 30?.—he came to the shop, and was a constant customer up to the time of his leaving—he belongs to a good family; his father is an Irish gentleman of property—the defendant's brother has had dealings with us for about two years, and owes us about 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we have received a letter from him since the defendant has been in custody, asking for his account—he lives either at his father's seat, or at the town residence in Park Street—the family is one of position—there is no attempt to imitate Mr. Newen-ham's writing in my book in this order—when I went to the hotel on the second occasion the defendant had not come down from his bedroom, but he came down into the coffee-room—nobody else was there—I told him that his name was Jackson—I knew that, because I saw it marked on his clothes, which had been given to the servant to brush, but I did not know that he was connected with that family—I had no knowledge of a third letter till the defendant said that he had posted three—he repeated at the station that he had posted three letters, but he did not say to whom the third was sent—we discovered that afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-169" type="surname" value="INMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-169" type="given" value="RICHARD JAMES"/>RICHARD JAMES INMAN</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Beale and Inman, of 131, New Bond Street, hosiers—on the morning of 24th December this letter came by post and my partner showed it to me—I have not got the envelope now—we had a customer named William Worth Newenham: "Coxe's Hotel, 32 Room, Jermyn Street. Sir,—Kindly send me a fight-coloured smoking suit, the same as you sent me last tune; also three of your thickest coloured Jerseys, and ditto drawers, six made-up hunting ties, three white, remainder black and white. Kindly let me have them as soon as possible. Yours, &c., W. W. Newenham." We had known W. W. Newenham since 1874, and were in the habit of giving him credit—the goods mentioned in the letter are worth about 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I did not know the prisoner before this.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner commenced to deal with us in July, 1878, and we gave him credit—we had given his brother credit and therefore we opened an account with him—when I said that I did not know him, I meant not by sight—we are not in the habit of seeing our customers—we have given him credit to about 19
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he had been to our shop and bad seen my partner or one of our men—we had Mr. Newenham's writing in our possession—he sent us a remittance for his account—I believe we have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100038"/>
<p>some of the defendant's writing, but I am not sure, as orders sometimes get mislaid—I do not think this order is an imitation of Mr. Newenham's writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-170" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-170" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ADAMS</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Messrs. Beale and Inman—on 24th December I went with Mr. Hedges to Cox's Hotel—we saw the prisoner in the coffee-room, and Mr. Hedges said "Are you Mr. Newenham?"—he said "Yes"—Hedges said "You ordered some cigars of me"—he said "Yes"—Hedges said "I have brought the cigars, but you are not Mr. Newenham, you are Mr. Jackson; you had no business to have ordered things of me, signing Mr. Newenham's name; you have committed a forgery; don't you know Mr. Newenham has gone to Australia?"—he said "Yes, I do"—I said "What about this letter?" handing mine to him. "Very likely you have been sending it to half a dozen others. Are there any more?"—he said "I only posted three altogether"—I said "Who was the other to?"—he said "I shan't tell you"—Mr. Hedges said "I shall give you in charge"—he begged him not, and said who he was, and said "Mr. George Newenham has written them, and I was to stay at the hotel for the goods"—I said "Who is Mr. George Newenham?"—he said "He is my cousin" or "brother," I won't gay which—I know the prisoner as a customer—I saw him in our shop about three months ago, and one of the young men said "There is Mr. Warren Jackson's brother."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. Warren Jackson is well known to our firm, but I have only seen him once—the reason the young man pointed him out was that he is rather a fast buyer—I recognised the prisoner as he came down the hotel stairs, and I knew that his clothes were marked "W. 0. Jackson"—we had one written order of his, and the others must have been given personally—there are 20 entries to him under different dates, so that he must have been 17 or 19 times on our premises.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-171" type="surname" value="FAURBACK"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-171" type="given" value="GUSTAVE"/>GUSTAVE FAURBACK</persName> </hi>. I am a cigar merchant, of 188, Oxford Street—Mr. W. Worth Newenham has been a customer of mine for three years—on the morning of the 24th December I received by post a letter signed "W. W. Newenham," and sent some cigars mentioned in it, worth about 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., by my workman, Powis, about 6 p.m., who brought them back—the prisoner has been a customer of mine some years.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have known his family five or six years, and I know his father, who is highly respectable, living in Park Street, and having an estate in Ireland—I have trusted the defendant, but not for a large sum,; 11. or 21., and he has paid me—I was willing to give him credit—if he had sent this order in his own name I should most decidedly have given him credit for it—some time before I received this letter a young gentle-man and a young married lady who, I believe, had been Miss Jackson, the defendant's sister, came and purchased three pipes—I did not recognise the gentleman, and took up a pen and was going to take down his address, when he said, "Don't you know me? I am Mr. Newenham"—I said, "I did not recognise you"—he said, "I have taken my moustache off"—I did not dispute his word—he was not the prisoner, and I will not swear that it was Mr. W. Newenham—I did not doubt that he was after the explanation he gave, (I had only seen Mr. W. Newenham half a dozen times in three years)—he had three pipes, one of which was a death's head—he said that he wanted two of them for a present for two gentlemen, Mr. Jackson and Mr. Sadler—I do not know that Mr. Sadler is the husband of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100039"/>
<p>the lady—I sent one pipe to Mr. Jackson, the other to Mr. Sadler, and he took away the death's head, and one or two days afterwards brought it back and changed it for another—that was about 10 days before December 24th—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I should have known Mr. Jackson the moment I saw him—I did not take any proceedings against the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. The pipe I sent to W. Jackson was sent to 36, Park Street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-172" type="surname" value="WEISS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-172" type="given" value="BERNARD"/>BERNARD WEISS</persName> </hi>. I am a workman at Mr. Faurback's—on 24th December be gave me a parcel to take to Cox's Hotel, addressed Mr. W. W. Newenham—I took it there about 6 p.m.—they told me something there, and I brought back the parcel to my master.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-173" type="surname" value="NUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-173" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY NUNN</persName> </hi>. I am porter at Cox's Hotel—on 23rd December the prisoner came there in a cab about 6.30 or 7.30 p.m.—I asked him his name—he said W. W. Newenham—he engaged room No. 32, and I took up part of his luggage—in the morning I said to him, "I beg your pardon, Sir, but did I misunderstand your name last night, W. W. Newenham?"—he said, "W. W. Newenham"—I have been at the hotel three years, but do not know the prisoner by sight or W. W. Newenham—I pointed the pri-soner out to Mr. Hedges on the 24th—I had noticed "W. 0. J." on his portmanteau, but I had no reason for asking him if I had made a mistake in-his name till Mr. Hedges came and thought there was something wrong.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> A book is kept at the hotel with the names of the cus-tomers—I have not searched it for the prisoner's name or his brother's five or six years ago—I know there has been a Jackson there, but cannot say how long ago; not before my time—I saw the name in the ledger when the book-keeper was looking up the names after Mr. Hedges came—the initials were painted on the end of his portmanteau in large plain letters—I took his clothes down to brush—he put them outside his room—I found W. 0. Jackson upon them, and Mr. Hedges saw them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-174" type="surname" value="O'DEA"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-174" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES O'DEA</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). On 24th December the prisoner was given into my custody by Mr. Hedges at Cox's Hotel—I told him the charge, and said "What were you going to do with the goods?"—he said "I was going to send them to George Newenham"—I asked him where George Newenham was—he said "I decline to say"—I took him in custody, and after he was charged he said, "Last night I was at the Raleigh Club with several other men; I met George Newenham, who said 'I have succeeded up to the present in evading my creditors, and now I am off, and if any of you want any orders you can have them;' and among the rest, knowing that he owed me 10/., I said I wanted some orders, and he gave me two," or "three," I forget which; "I took the orders in payment of the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. he owed me."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw him in the coffee-room of the hotel about 12 o'clock—I went twice—Hedges and Adams were also in the coffee-room—the prisoner gave me his address at the station willingly, 36, Park Street—he at first wanted me to go and tell his father, but afterwards he said that I had better not, as his father was ill, and it might tend to make him worse; that was at the cell door after he had been before the Magistrate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-175" type="surname" value="EWEN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-175" type="given" value="CAPTAIN ARTHUR"/>CAPTAIN ARTHUR EWEN</persName> </hi>. I am secretary of the Raleigh Club—I do not know the prisoner—Mr. W. W. Newenham is a member of the club, but not George Newenham, nor has he ever been—this is the visitors' book, in which every member when he comes in is supposed to enter the name of his visitors in any case—I have never seen the prisoner before.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100040"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This book Is kept oh a desk close to the hall-porter's box—it is not the hall-porter's duty to enter the names, but the members—there is no penalty—all members enter their friends' names as far as pos
<lb/>sible, but there is no consequence as to not doing it to members, to their friends, or to myself, it depends upon whether the member chooses to do it—strangers do come to the club and dine there, and are admitted into the coffee-room—we have a considerable number of strangers—they go all over the club except into the card-room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-176" type="surname" value="HEDGES"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-176" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HEDGES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR H. JAMES</hi>). I knew that W. W. Newenham had gone away, by inquiry of the tradesmen who had supplied him with goods to take away, and he was accompanied by another customer) who I had to follow to Bristol to serve with a writ.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-177" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-177" type="given" value="WILLIAM OLIVER"/>WILLIAM OLIVER JACKSON</persName> </hi>. The prisoner is my second son—I am a magistrate for the county of Cork, and am in London six months in winter—I think his age was 22 last September—he has been living at home with me—this is the first imputation I have heard against him—I have also a daughter and another son.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. I know W. W. Newenham, but not George Newenham—I should not like to swear to the letters produced—this one is like the prisoner's writing, but I will not swear to it—I should not like to swear that it is not—I do not think the two last are alike.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Reexamined.</hi> I never knew that W. W. Newenham had any cousins.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-178" type="surname" value="SADLER"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-178" type="given" value="CAPTAIN NICOLAS"/>CAPTAIN NICOLAS SADLER</persName> </hi>. I am married to the defendant's sister, and am quartered at Aldershot—I have known him four years intimately—he has always conducted himself as an honest, respectable person.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know his writing—I will swear that these three letters are not his writing—I do not know George Newenham or W. W. Newenham.</p>
<rs id="t18790210-297-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-297-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-297-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of his character, and also by Mr. Hedges; and Dr. Allen stated that he suffered from dysentery and nerve prostration, and that it was advisable that he should go to Ceylon</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18790210-297-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-297-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-297-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-297-18790210 t18790210-297-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">Two Months in Newgate</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-298">
<interp inst="t18790210-298" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-298" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-298-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-298-18790210 t18790210-298-offence-1 t18790210-298-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-298-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-298-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18790210" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18790210" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18790210" type="given" value="MITCHELL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MITCHELL NICHOLLS</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-298-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-298-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-298-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DENISON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted; the evidence was interpreted to the Prisoner.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-180" type="surname" value="HANDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-180" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HANDLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a sailor, and live at Wells Street, opposite the Home—on 23rd January I was in a train coming from Bristol to London With the prisoner—I had in my purse an order for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the Tower Hill shipping office, and gave it to the prisoner as security for his paying my passage from Bristol to London—I was to draw the money afterwards and pay him—I was turned out of the train for being drunk—I afterwards saw the prisoner in London, and asked him for my note; he said he would give it me in the morning—I saw him in the morning, and he told me he had drawn the money—when I came up to London on the Thursday he gave me 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and said that he had no more money, but afterwards he said that he had drawn the order—I did not authorise him to draw it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You did not say that I could draw the money at Bristol—I said that I should have to wait three days to draw it there because they would have to telegraph to London and get a telegram</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100041"/>
<p>back—you did pay my fare, but I did not go in the train—I did not say, "Take that note, and when you get to London, you or me, it does not matter which, can change it"—you understand English very well—I came from Iquique to Bristol with you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I paid 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for you at Bristol; the fare was 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in London; it Was 35
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. altogether.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-181" type="surname" value="HYATT"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-181" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY HYATT</persName> </hi>. I am deputy-superintendent and cashier at the Mercantile Marine Office, St. Katherine's Dock House, Tower Hill—this seaman's money-order for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was presented to a clerk in the office named Richards on 23rd January, and then I paid it, but I do not know to whom—it is in favour of John Handley, and is signed by a cross—when an order is presented we invariably ask the presenter's name, and in the case of a sailor the name of his ship.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-182" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-182" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY RICHARDS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Mercantile Marine office—on 23rd Jan. the prisoner came there and presented this order—I asked his name, he said "John Handley"—I asked him if he wrote his name, he said "No"—I handed a pen to him and he made a cross—I spoke and he answered in English—I signed the note and he got the money from the cashier—he gave the name that is on the note or I should not have paid him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-183" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-183" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR HARRIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 36). The prisoner was given into my custody—on the way to the station he said "I was about to leave Bristol at 1 o'clock in the day to come to London, and John Handley had no money, only a seaman's order; I said to him I cannot let you have any more money unless you give me the order;' he was too drunk, and was kept back at the station, but he gave me the order, and I came on to London"—he also said that he went and changed it, as Handley owed him 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. having lent him 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. at one time, and 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. at another, that he afterwards saw him in the Rose and Crown, that he cashed the note and afterwards gave Handley 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and he had told him before that he had get the order cashed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate. "Prosecutor said to me 'Take the note, and when you get to London cash it, and pay yourself what you lent me, and give me the rest.' He was tight."</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> When I arrived in London I could get no money, and I was obliged to go and change this note, and before Handley got to London he had spent a little of it, and of course it he did not pay the man for bringing his goods to the boarding-house he should not get them, and when he arrived in London I said "You owe me 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., allow me to go to one of my friends and get the money," but he would not give me time. It was 7 o'clock at night, and I had to give 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to the cabman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-298-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-298-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-298-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1879.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-299">
<interp inst="t18790210-299" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-299" type="date" value="18790210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18790210-299-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-299-18790210 t18790210-299-offence-1 t18790210-299-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-299-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-299-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18790210" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18790210" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18790210" type="given" value="ANTHONY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANTHONY ADAMS</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18790210-299-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-299-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-299-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing a post letter containing one sovereign and 92 penny postage stamps, the property of
<persName id="t18790210-name-185" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-185" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-299-offence-1 t18790210-name-185"/>Her Majesty's Post-master-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. METCALFE</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Prosecuted</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BRINDLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-186" type="surname" value="BRADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-186" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BRADFORD</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Missing Letter Department of the General Post Office—on Saturday, 11th January, in consequence</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100042"/>
<p>of complaints of loss of letters, I made up two test letters at the South Lambeth Sorting Office—I addressed one "Mrs. Watson, 79, Motley Street, Wandsworth Road, London," and the other "Mr. Tatlow, Tailor, 30, Robertson Street, East Wandsworth Road, London"—in the letter to Mrs. Watson I enclosed a sovereign and 55 stamps—I previously marked the stamps with the date with chemicals, and the coin with my initials—I posted the letters in the pillar box at the corner of Devonshire Road, Wandsworth Road, about 200 yards from the sorting office—I had given special instruc
<lb/>tions about them and saw them cleared at about 6.10 by a man named Spear, head letter carrier—at about 6.50 I saw the prisoner leave the Sorting Office (where I had seen the letters taken) to go out on his delivery—I watched him down to his own house—I could not see if he had anything in his hands—it was contrary to regulation to go to his house before his delivery—he remained in his house about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour—after that I saw him pass through Motley Street—I saw him pass the door of No. 79 without delivering—he did not go into Robertson Street—I had given instructions to Spear at South Lambeth Office—I then returned to the office—I saw the prisoner there at about 8.20 and told him who I was—I said "Have you been into your house on the 6 o'clock delivery?"—he said "No," and I said "Did you do the Queen's Road delivery on the sixes?"—that is a techincal term for the 6 o'clock delivery—he said "Yes"—these letters would be in that delivery—I said "I saw you go down to your house; you remained there from 10 to 15 minutes"—he would have had to go out of his route to go to his house—he replied "Not so long as that"—I said "Did you give your wife anything?"—he said "No"—I said "Did you give her any money at that time?"—he said "No"—I said "Did you see a letter on the 6 o'clock delivery for Mrs. Watson, 79, Motley Street?"—he said "No"—I said "Did you see one for Mr. Tatlow, Tailor?"—he said "No"—I said "Both those letters are missing, they were sorted out for your 6 o'clock delivery, do you know anything about them?"—he said "No"—this conversation occurred at the post office about 8.20 the same evening—after that I went to the prisoner's house and saw his wife—that was about an hour and a half after the letters were entrusted to him—he had been home before he commenced his delivery—I am not able to say whether he went in afterwards, we lost sight of him—nothing has been found with regard to the letter addressed to Mrs. Watson—on the following Monday the letter addressed to Mr. Tatlow, Tailor, turned up at the S.W. District Office—when we went to the prisoner's house we were kept waiting at the door a long time—on going in I saw his wife—I saw a lot of postage stamps there that were unobliterated, and as if torn from envelopes and newspapers—the paper had been bodily torn off with them, and was still adhering—I also noticed embers of paper recently burnt in the grate—I examined them—I could make nothing of them positively—I went back again to see the prisoner—this was about 10.30 the same evening—I saw him in the sorting office, I had him detained there in the meantime—I said "I have seen your wife, she says you gave her some money; be careful what you say; what did you give her?"—he said "I gave her a sovereign and a few shillings"—I said "What did she do with the sovereign?"—he said "She changed it"—I said "I suppose it was to pay for the gin I saw upon the table?"—he said "Yes, it might have been"—I said "What change did she bring you back, was there a half-sovereign amongst it?"—he said "Yes,</p>
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<p>and I gave her another to put away; she wrapped it in paper"—I said "Where did you get the sovereign?"—he said "It is my Christmas boxes, I changed it from silver to gold to part it more easily with my partners"—I said "Where did you change it?"—he said "I don't know"—I said "Where did you get the second half-sovereign you gave your wife?"—he said "I don't know"—he was searched at the office and nothing found upon him relating to this charge—the letter addressed to Mr. Tatlow, Tailor, had two half-sovereigns and a sixpence in it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were half-sovereigns in it—it was not delivered—it was found in the post-office with the contents the same—I opened it myself, and found precisely the same amount I had placed in it—it had not been violated—with regard to the other letter I marked the sovereign—I have since found out where it had been changed—it was too late on the Saturday night to follow it up—I did not know then—I did not ask his wife, because she denied having a sovereign—I did not tell the prisoner so—when I went at half-past 9 I saw some paper in the grate, which appeared to have been recently burnt, I should think within five or ten minutes before I came in, from its appearance—the prisoner was there at about 7 o'clock—he went home before his delivery—this was not his usual delivery—the house where he had to call was not empty; a policeman lived there—men are not allowed to call home on their beat—in a case of necessity it would be different—I am not in the office, and heard nothing of his having a telegram—the stamps found in the lining of his hat are not the stamps I put in the letter—I found no traces of them—I watched him through nearly the whole beat—Police-officer Smee was with me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The stamps were found in the lining of his hat—some pieces of paper addressed to Derby and a post packet were also found—they form the subject of another inquiry—when I went to his house the landlady answered the door—it was seven or eight minutes before I could get into the room—they said Mrs. Adams was not at home—there was plenty of time for the paper to have been burnt—the papers seemed freshly burnt—they were not disarranged—I tried to take them up, but they crumbled to pieces—he was searched at 20 minutes past 8, an hour and a half after ho had finished his delivery.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-187" type="surname" value="SPEAR"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-187" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SPEAR</persName> </hi>. I am head letter-carrier at the South Lambeth Sorting Office—on the 11th January I saw Mr. Bradford post the two letters addressed to Tatlow and Watson about 6 o'clock—I afterwards collected those letters and brought them to the office—I sorted them to the Queen's Road delivery—I then saw the prisoner arranging his letters for delivery, and saw him pick the test letters out from the others—I was about a yard from him—my attention had been previously called to them—I saw him place the two letters on his right-hand side, and the other letters on the left—they were not tied—they were placed ready to be taken out on delivery—I swear the two letters were on the right—he pressed them with his finger—I. saw him examine them—I saw the address on one of the letters—I could read it distinctly—he took the two test letters up in his right hand in the sorting office, and the others in his left hand—he walked straight out of the office still holding the two letters in his right hand, they were not registered—it was a most unusual thing to do—they ought to stand in their order all in one hand—there was a large bundle, over twenty in number—I went out on delivery soon after—not with Adams—I saw him after I came back—I believe he brought some letters back—I had nothing to do with them.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100044"/>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. It is not usual to take letters out in the hands—the letter-carriers put them in a bag, but having a light delivery a bag was not required—it is usual to tie them up, hut it was not done then.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner did not put the letters in a bag—I did not see one—I could not swear he had no bag, nor that he did not put the letters in—I do not think he had one—I will not swear he had not—he should have placed them in a bag in the office—I cannot say whether he might have done so in passing out—he was there when I went back—I know that some letters he placed hack for delivery on the next round—I did not see them placed—letters not delivered and brought hack are sup
<lb/>posed to he written on—I do not know where he placed them—fifteen persons were employed there at night—my attention was called to two letters especially—I stood close behind him, about a yard away—I was closer to him sometimes, walking behind him, and could see What the two letters were—I do not think he knew I was behind him—he did not look round—there were six others there—they would not be near—they were about two or three yards apart, arranging the letters—I will swear he had them in his hand on leaving—he did not place them together in a bag—I will not swear he had a bag—I did not see him place the letters in—it was not his duty to collect or sort the letters that hour—they do not sort them for their own district—this was not his district—he was sent there as a substitute for another man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. A letter containing com would be liable to registration—it would be his duty to give them up to me to be registered; I thought he was going to do so—the fact of a letter containing coin having passed me might excite his suspicion that it was a test letter.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I brought the letters together from the pillar-box—I placed them together—there were no other letters that should have been returned—I should have registered them—the fact of my not registering these two ought to have excited the prisoner's attention—I did not register those two, because they were test letters—it would otherwise have been my duty to have registered them—it was then the prisoner's duty—letters are sometimes passed containing coin, and it would be his duty to have them registered—he should have given them to me—the letters not being tied up would be tumbled out of the sorting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BRINDLEY</hi>. We get various sums for Christmas-boxes and presents—my proportion last Christmas was 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—it was not very remarkable for a letter-carrier to have 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in his pocket—we begin collecting Christmas-boxes on boxing-day, sometimes a little later—we divide the money between so many men on the walk—there is none handed to them on account—in some districts we have to wait till June before the last payment is received—I cannot say how many days the prisoner had to get rid of this money—I do not know how long he has been in the service.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-188" type="surname" value="ROYAL"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-188" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER ROYAL</persName> </hi>. I am assistant-overseer at the Post-office—I saw part of the letters brought back from the prisoner's 6 o'clock collection—they were sent on by Bonard—the prisoner did not give me any letters—they were not brought to me among the letters brought back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-189" type="surname" value="BONARD"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-189" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BONARD</persName> </hi>. I am employed at the South Lambeth sorting office, and I make the 8 o'clock delivery for Queen's Road—if any letters had been brought back by the prisoner from the 6 o'clock delivery they would have fallen into my delivery—some letters did on the 11th January—I showed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100045"/>
<p>part of them to the witness Royal—the 6 o'clock delivery at 8 o'clock is divided into two parts—I showed him all I had—my part would contain; Motley Street and Robertson Street—I saw nothing of the two letters that have been described.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I should deliver a portion of them—letters from the previous delivery ought to be spoken of—Adams collects from the sorters and brings them round to the men to sort for the walks, and he must have brought these letters to the sorting-table—different men sort them—they pass through four men's hands before they get to me—I never saw the two letters at all—they never reached me—I do not know if the prisoner had a telegram—I had no conversation with him about any illness in the family—I was not there in the afternoon—I heard no talk of it in the office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-190" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-190" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MOORE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman W</hi> 200). I live at 79, Motley Street—on the evening of Saturday, 11th Jan., I was expecting a letter addressed to Mrs. Watson, at that address—I was told I should have a letter come by the 6 o'clock delivery, by a person connected with the Post-office authorities.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-191" type="surname" value="SMEE"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-191" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMEE</persName> </hi>. I am a constable attached to the Post-office—I searched the prisoner on the 11th, about half-past 8, by direction of Mr. Bradford, and found these stamps in the lining of his cap—I asked him where he lived—he said at No. 8, Queen's Place, Wandsworth Road, and that he occupied the bottom part—I went there with Mr. Bradford—with soma difficulty we got in, and found the prisoner's wife there—I saw some burnt ashes in the grate, appearing to be paper recently burnt—in the front parlour, in a drawer of a sort of bureau, I found a number of stamps which had evidently been taken from letters and newspapers—they were 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. stamps, all unobliterated—I had followed the prisoner upon his delivery, and he went to his house direct out of the Wandsworth Road—properconveniences are provided at the office, and it would not be necessary for him to go home—he remained at his house from 10 to 15 minutes—he did not deliver at the house in Motley Street—he passed by the end of the other street without going in—we ultimately lost sight of him—I heard questions put to him—I did not hear him say anything about a telegram which obliged him to go to his house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. We lost sight of him because it was very dark and he turned sharp round in a short street, and I went to see if he had gone into Robertson Street, and I lost him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18790210-299-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-299-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-299-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18790210-300">
<interp inst="t18790210-300" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18790210"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-300" type="date" value="18790210"/>
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<persName id="def1-300-18790210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-300-18790210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18790210" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18790210" type="given" value="ANTHONY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANTHONY ADAMS</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t18790210-300-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18790210-300-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-300-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> for feloniously stealing a certain post letter, containing a piece of wedding-cake and a piece of paper, the property of
<persName id="t18790210-name-193" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-193" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18790210-300-offence-1 t18790210-name-193"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-194" type="surname" value="KEMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-194" type="given" value="THOMAS PHILLIPS"/>THOMAS PHILLIPS KEMPTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 45, Motley Street, and am an engine fitter—on the 11th January I saw my wife make up a letter contain
<lb/>ing a piece of wedding-cake and a slip of paper, upon which my little hoy had written something—it was addressed, "Mrs. Shaw, 14, Douglas Street, Ormaston Road, Derby"—I identify that as the envelope, and these frag
<lb/>ments pasted together on a piece of paper as the little boy's letter—his mother guided his hand—(
<hi rend="italic">Reading</hi>: "Please Aunty lizzie send me some crayons")—my wife put one stamp upon it—I took it to Mr. Martin's, the post-office, 432, Wandsworth Road—at about a quarter to 5, I handed it to Mr. Martin, and on being weighed it was found to require another stamp—I bought the stamp of Mr. Martin and put it on and left the letter.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187902100046"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It is a large envelope—the piece of wedding-cake was about 3/4 of an inch square and 21/2 inches long, and made a bulky letter—it was only fastened with gum—I read the writing at my house after it was written—this is the remains of it—I have not seen the cake since.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Before leaving it with Mr. Martin I saw that it was suffi
<lb/>ciently closed—I am satisfied it was—I believe my wife put a bit of cotton round it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18790210-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18790210-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-195" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18790210-name-195" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT MARTIN</persName