<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OWDEN, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, August</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
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<interp inst="def1-663-18780806" type="surname" value="GATTIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-663-18780806" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GATTIE</hi> (55)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-663-18780806" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def2-663-18780806" type="age" value="23"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HORACE KEYMER</hi> (23)</persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18780806-663-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
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<interp inst="t18780806-663-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> feloniously forging and uttering a receipt for certain securities, with intent to defraud, to which </rs>
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<interp inst="def3-663-18780806" type="surname" value="KEYMER"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">KEYMER</hi> </persName>
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<interp inst="t18780806-663-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-663-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-4" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-4" type="surname" value="FIELDING"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-4" type="given" value="COLONEL MONTAGU JOSEPH"/>COLONEL MONTAGU JOSEPH FIELDING</persName> </hi>. I live at 34, Bridge Road, Ham
<lb/>mersmith, and am a retired lieutenant-colonel in the British Army—in December, 1876, I was desirous of purchasing 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of Egyptian stock; that was the nominal value—I did not buy it myself, I employed Mr. Byers, a stockbroker—the real value of it was 10, 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I paid 369
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and arranged with Mr. Byers that he should effect a loan with the London and County Bank for 10,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to pay for it—I gave Mr. Byers 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of London Chatham and Dover Stock to lodge with the London and County Bank for what they term a margin—the value of that roughly was between 5,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 6,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I think the loan was for six months—I left the matter to be carried out by Mr. Byers—I afterwards had to arrange with Mr. Byers about renewing the loan—I was under the belief that the Egyptians had been purchased and deposited with the London and County Bank with the London Chatham and Dover stock, and that the loan had been effected on my behalf in the way I have mentioned—in September last year I arranged with Mr. Byers that the loan from the London and County Bank should be paid off, and a loan obtained from the Bank of England, and in consequence of what he stated to me about the extra margin required, I gave him 100 shares of the Lombardo-Venetian Railway; they were of the value of 650
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I believed that the fresh loan had bean effected in that way—I think I first discovered' in March that my stock had not been deposited with the Bank of England—I communicated with my solicitor and the bank, and an inquiry took place, and I then instituted this prosecution against Gattie, Keymer being then out of the way—that was in the beginning of April—the result has been that I have parted with my London Chatham and Dover stock and the Lombards, and got nothing in exchange.</p>
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<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I have known Mr. Byers several years—he had not acted for me before in matters of speculation—I knew he was not a member of the Stock Exchange—I employed Mr. Foster, a stockbroker, to purchase my London Chatham and Dover stock—that was no speculation—I was not aware who Mr. Byers was employing for the purpose of carrying out this transaction—I did not know that Mr. Foster had anything to do with the transaction in reference to the Egyptians—I don't know in what way Mr. Byers was to be recompensed for his trouble; there was no arrange
<lb/>ment between us, I paid him nothing; he did it as a friend—I told him to buy 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Egyptian stock—I knew he had purchased them, because I saw both the brokers through whom he purchased them, Mr. Foster and Mr. Davenport; he bought 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. through each—I can't tell you the date when I ascertained from them that the speculation had been completed, I left it to Mr. Byers—I think it was at the latter end of 1876—I have not ascertained that the Egyptians were got rid of early in 1877; we have got some accounts which only came in on Saturday, which I think will explain it, but we have not had time to go into them; we got them from the accountants who were employed when Keymer was made bankrupt—I think those accounts disclose the transactions between Keymer and the brokers he employed—I only saw Keymer once in my life before this affair; that was on one occasion upon renewing the loan; some time in 1877, at Mr. Byers office—Keymer was the party negotiating the loan on the Egyptian stock and the Chatham and Dover, which was collateral security for the loan—I am not aware at what date the Lombards were sold; I don't know that they were sold for Keymer by a Mr. Sichell on 29th September last for 652
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I think the first loan with the London and County Bank was for six months; it may have been only for three; I don't remember—when the time for renewal came I left it with Mr. Byers and Mr. Keymer—I paid Mr. Keymer a commission—I think I paid him a cheque direct to himself, through Mr. Byers—I paid him on the first occasion 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd, by cheque; I think I paid that through Mr. Byers—on the second occasion I paid him again by cheque, but the amount was reduced one-half; that was by an arrangement; that was 11
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd—on all these occasions I had no reason to doubt but what the loan was effected with the London and County Bank; I thought they had the Egyptians—Mr. Byers understood that they had; I don't remember that he actually told me so, he took it for granted; I was satisfied because he was satisfied they were there—I was satisfied with what he told me—I knew him very well for many years; he had been secretary to a company with which I was connected—I had no receipts for the commission I paid, the cheque itself would be a receipt—I have not got it here—I think it was in March I first heard something about this matter from Mr. Byers—at that time I think Keymer had left the country—it was after Christmas, 1877, that I first heard of the London Chatham and Dover stock having been converted—I don't remember when I first heard of Mr. Gattie with reference to this matter; it was from a commission from Mr. Byers, not from the Bank of England—I made inquiries at the Bank of England ultimately—Mr. Gattie had then been discharged—I think this was the only transaction I had through Mr. Byers's instrumentality.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I executed transfers of the London Chatham and Dover stock into the name of the London and County Bank.</p>
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<interp inst="t18780806-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-5" type="surname" value="BYERS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-5" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>NATHANIEL BYERS</persName> </hi>. I live at College Park, Lewisham—I am a stock
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<p>but not a member of the Stock Exchange—I became acquainted with Colonel Fielding in 1871—I had been buying and selling large quantities of stock, and keeping accounts for him; through members of the Stock Exchange, they of course paying me a commission on what business I brought—I kept the accounts; I acted as a kind of secretary to Colonel Fielding—in December, 1876, I was requested by Colonel Fielding to buy for him 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of Egyptian stock, and to try and obtain a loan on the deposit of that stock, and also 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. London Chatham and Dover stock belonging to Colonel Fielding, as a margin, without naming any bank—I arranged the loan through Mr. Foster, through whom 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was pur
<lb/>chased, and Mr. Davenport bought the other 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—Mr. Foster was to arrange the loan—I obtained from Colonel Fielding the transfer of the London Chatham and Dover stock, he handed them to Mr. Foster in my office, and Mr. Foster arranged the loan with Keymer and Co.—he did not deliver the Egyptian stock to me, I took no part in it after—I did not go to the London and County Bank—I did not know Keymer at that time—I had never seen him before—I was afterwards informed that the transaction had been carried out with the London and County Bank—the loan was for 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and the period was, I think, for three months—I am not sure the purchase
<lb/>money was 10,800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., Colonel Fielding paid Mr. Foster a cheque for 367
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—10,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was advanced—I got my commission from Mr. Foster and Mr. Davenport—I did not see Keymer till I heard of his failure—the loan had then been arranged—it was renewed for three or four months, perhaps six, up to September, 1877—I did not personally renew it, Colonel Fielding merely sent me his cheque to pay the commission, and I handed it over to Mr. Foster—I did not know Keymer in the transaction—I first saw him about May or June—nothing was arranged between us as to obtaining a loan from the Bank of England—I had casually asked him about Colonel Fielding's stock, that I hoped his failure had not affected it in any way—from the con
<lb/>versation I had with him I believed that the Egyptian and Chatham and Dover stock was all right at the London and County Bank—it was ultimately arranged that a fresh loan should be obtained from the Bank of England to pay off the loan to the London and County Bank, because the Bank of England would do it cheaper—I agreed with Keymer in September that he should do that—he said that Egyptians had fallen in the market price, and consequently they required an extra margin of about 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for security—I communicated with Colonel Fielding and got from him 100 Lombards about the 27th or 28th September—I had seen Mr. Gattie before that—he called at my office, Mr. Keymer brought him, I should say a day or two before I got the Lombards—Keymer introduced him, he said that Mr. Gattie was a very old clerk in the Bank of England, and that he had facilities for pro
<lb/>curing loans that other persons had not, and that he had arranged to renew this loan through the Bank of England, owing to his father's connection with it and his long servitude, and that his father used to sign the bank-notes—it was at that conversation that the extra margin was spoken of—I cannot recollect what further conversation passed—the Colonel was prepared to give any amount of margin that was required—when I got the Lombards I went to the Bank of England—Mr. Keymer enclosed me this letter first, it is dated 28th September: "Dear Keymer, I have got the transfers for the 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Chathams, and also the 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Egyptians, please therefore send me the 100 Lombards. You will have to wait about an hour before I can give</p>
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<p>you a receipt.—Yours truly, Wm. Gattie." After that he called on me and we went to the Bank of England.; I took with me the 100 Lombards—I there saw Gattie in the bullion office behind the counter—I gave him the Lombards and he gave me the receipt (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Bank of England, Sept. 28, 1877. Received from Mr. William Gattie, per Messrs. Horace Keymer and Co., 12,680
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of Egyptian preference stock, 6,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Egyptian unified stock, 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. London Chatham and Dover Railway stock, and 100 shares in the Lombardo-Venetian Co., as collateral security against an advance of 9, 427
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for four months, at the rate of 4 per cent per annum.—E. H. Palmer.") On reading that receipt I noticed that it did not state that it was Colonel Fielding's stock—Keymer said if I could come round to the bank he would see Mr. Palmer and get him to say the stock belonged to Colonel Fielding—he left Gattie and went with me to one of the offices of the Bank—he went round the corner and made some inquiry there, and I heard the reply distinctly that Mr. Palmer was out—we then returned to Gattie, and I told him that the receipt did not state that the stock belonged to Colonel Fielding—he said yes, and he proceeded to write, and Keymer said "I will write the receipt," and he then wrote the letter which Gattie signed in my presence. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated that the stock in question was the property of Colonel Fielding</hi>.) I assumed that the receipt was the genuine receipt of Mr. Palmer, and that the stock had been actually deposited by Keymer with the Bank of England—I enclosed the receipt to Colonel Fielding immediately I got them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. For some years, from 1871 up to the time of this trans
<lb/>action, I had frequently made purchases of stock for Colonel Fielding, both speculative and for investment—the Egyptians were an investment—it was the beginning of December, 1876 that he first spoke to me with reference to the Egyptians—I heard only last Saturday that the Egyptians were disposed of to Taylor's early in 1877, and the Chatham and Dover stock in February, 1877, according to Messrs. Taylor's accounts; they are stockbrokers, with whom Keymer had transactions—in March, 1878, I heard from Gattie him
<lb/>self that he had the Chatham and Dover stock in his possession—I don't think that was after Keymer had absconded—I got 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. commission from Foster and Davenport—the Bank of England charged 3 1/2; per cent interest, and the London and County 4¼;—I don't know that that was the attraction—the attraction was this, that Keymer said he could get the stock renewed through the Bank of England, because Gattie was an old friend of Mr. Godrich, his partner's father, and he carrying on his monetary trans
<lb/>actions through Gattie—I did not know Keymer previous to his failure—I knew him through Mr. Foster as a financial agent and stockbroker—I had every faith in him—I had no conversation with Gattie after the receipts were given—I had never seen him till he was introduced to me as I have described—Mr. Foster told me he had seen the stock paid over—I placed confidence in him—we had large transactions together.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. Gattie had dealings with Messrs. Taylor in other matters—Colonel Fielding was from time to time credited with the dividends on the stock up to the last renewal in January, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-6" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-6" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-6" type="given" value="EDWARD HOWLETT"/>EDWARD HOWLETT PALMER</persName> </hi>. I am the governor of the Bank of England, and was so in September last—the signature to this receipt is not mine, or by my authority—I knew nothing of it till this inquiry—I sometimes sign "E. H. Palmer," but more often more fully—there is no attempt to imitate</p>
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<p>my signature—I was not at all aware of the transactions between Gattie, Keymer, and Mr. Byers—Gattie had no authority to deal with loans—he was one of the junior clerks in the bullion office.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. He has been in the Bank about thirty-four years—he has always conducted himself satisfactorily as far as I know—I entered the Bank as a director in 1858—I should think my writing would be known to the persons employed in the Bank—it would be very difficult to get at my sig
<lb/>nature except for a specific or proper object—I don't think the governor's name is handed about—Gattie might hare an opportunity of getting at it, but I can't say in what way.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. My signature would not come before him as a clerk in the bullion department—I received this letter from him giving an explanation of his conduct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-7" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-7" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-7" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-7" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK MAY</persName> </hi>. I am chief cashier in the Bank of England—loans on stock would come under my notice—Gattie had nothing to do with negotiating loans—no Egyptian or London Chatham and Dover stock or Lombards were deposited with the Bank for a loan of 9,427
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in September last—the transaction to which this receipt purports to relate is all a fiction—there is no William Henry Barker in the Bank—I do not know Keymer—I never saw him till to-day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I have known Gattie twenty-four or twenty-five years; he has always held a responsible and respected position in the Bank—I have not known him privately—I knew his father; he used to sign notes of a certain description—one of the prisoner's sons is now in the Bank.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. Gattie has been in the bullion department seventeen or eighteen years—he worked for a short time in the loan office; but I don't think he had anything to do with loans—he was one of the ordinary clerks in the bullion department—I should say he was a good man of business and attended to his duties.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-8" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-8" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-8" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE FOSTER</persName> </hi>. I am a stockbroker, of 30, Throgmorton Street, City—in December, 1876, I was instructed by Mr. Byers to make a purchase of Egyptian stock for Colonel Fielding, and to obtain a loan through the London and County Bank for the purpose of paying for it—I bought 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of the stock—I had 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. London Chatham and Dover stock given to me to deposit with the Bank by Colonel Fielding in the presence of Mr. Byers in his office; the transfers were made out at the same time—it was through Mr. Byers that I had to do with it—I knew Colonel Fielding before—I was to pay 5,250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Egyptians—I knew that Mr. Davenport had purchased the other 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. the day the loan was completed—I did not sell the stock; I had nothing to do with it beyond taking it there—I gave the back contract to Colonel Fielding through Mr. Byers—I obtained the delivery of the whole of the Egyptian stock—I got manual possession of it, and gave it to the London and County Bank, or rather to Mr. Keymer there; I gave him 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—Mr. Davenport was there with the other 10,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. stock—this was on 15th December, 1876—the London Chatham and Dover stock had been given a day or two previously, in order to give him time to arrange the loan—Mr. Keymer was at the London and County Bank for the purpose of completing the transaction, and he handed me a crossed cheque for 5,250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for my proportion of the Egyptians—I demanded bank notes, which I got, and then I gave him my stock, and Mr. Davenport did the same; he also got</p>
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<p>bank notes—I was under the belief that the Egyptian stock had been deposited with the London and County Bank for the loan.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I had known Keymer about a year and half previous to this transaction—he appeared to be a very energetic young man in business, and I should think very clever—I had no other transaction with him—I had acted frequently for Colonel Fielding and Mr. Byers—the cheque Keymer gave me was on the London and County Bank; it was signed "Horace Keymer and Co."—I was aware that he had an account there and at Glyn's—he said that it was in consequence of his having an account at the London and County that he thought he might be able to obtain facilities for advance from them—I walked on with him to Glyn's, and waited outside—he said, "They do not care about lending on Egyptians, but I have no doubt my other bankers will do it," and he brought out a piece of paper, and said, "That is what they will do it at; I have just had an interview with the manager"—I have been engaged on Stock Exchange transactions over 20 years—Mr. Keymer was a person who conveyed to me the impression that he had means, and substance, and position, because he had a partner who was stated to have forty or fifty thousand pounds—he said his particular business was financial, not Stock Exchange—he had three or four partners, very large offices, and he banked at the Bank of England, I understood, at one time, besides Glyn's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I understood that from him, either directly or indirectly—he gave me the idea of having plenty of money and plenty of means to get loans—I knew Mr. Goodrich, one of his partners, who is the son of a very rich man—the firm was Horace Keymer and Co.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-9" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-9" type="surname" value="HUTCHINS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-9" type="given" value="JOHN NICHOLAS"/>JOHN NICHOLAS HUTCHINS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Stock Office of the London and County Bank, 21, Lombard Street—on 14th December, 1876, the Bank received on the account of Keymer 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. London Chatham and Dover stock, and we made an advance of 3,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on it to the firm of Horace Keymer and Co.—that stock remained in our possession till 28th February following, when, the loan being repaid, the stock was given up—there was no subsequent loan on the 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Egyptians—there was no such transaction—I knew nothing of Colonel Fielding.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-10" type="surname" value="SPITTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-10" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SPITTLE</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>.) I arrested Keymer on a warrant, on 29th April last at Madrid; I brought him to this country, and charged him after Gattie had been committed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I told him he would be charged with Gattie for con
<lb/>spiring to defraud Colonel Fielding—he said, "Where is Gattie?" I said, "In Newgate"; he said in the train that he should do all he could to assist Grattie, that Grattie was in a measure under him, and he would assist him as far as he could—he said almost, if not quite, that Gattie was innocent.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A letter was read in the opening speech from Gattie to the Governors of the Bank of England, explaining his share in the transaction, and declaring his innocence of any fraud</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for Gattie</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-11" type="surname" value="KEYMER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-11" type="given" value="HORACE JOHN"/>HORACE JOHN KEYMER</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner</hi>.) I shall be 24 in November—in 1876 I carried on business with Mr. Goodrich and Mr. Dalgairns as Keymer and Co.—Mr. Goodrich's father had capital and we had capital in the business besides—we were stockbrokers and financial agents—I was not a member of the Stock Exchange—I had a private account, and the firm banked at Glyn's, the London and County, and the National Provincial—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060007"/>
<p>Mr. Foster consulted me about obtaining a loan—that was the first trans
<lb/>action with him—the securities were to be these Egyptian and Chatham and Dover stocks—I went to Glyn's—they would not advance the money—I went to the London and County, and Mr. Howard, the manager, agreed to advance 3,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the London Chatham and Dover stock—we had a balance at the London and County Bank—I gave Mr. Foster a cheque for 5,250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and Mr. Davenport a cheque for 5, 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the 3,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was placed to my credit—we retained the Egyptian stock—my partner, Mr. Dalgairns, is about 40 years of age—he is now, I believe, in Italy—he signed the document in respect of this loan—I found myself in difficulties, and having been called upon to pay the 5,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I sold the stock hoping to be able to replace it—that was on 1st January, 1877, or December, 1876—the loan was for three months, and when the three months expired we took up the stock and sold it—the Egyptian stock was ultimately sold—the value of the Chatham and Dover stock was then about 4, 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and the Egyptian about 6,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.;—on my liquidation in May, which was very sudden, Mr. Byers and Mr. Foster came to me and asked what I was going to do with respect to the loan—they seemed anxious on account of Colonel Fielding—I assured them the stock was at the bank—Mr. Foster asked me for Mr. Goodrich's address—I did not want Mr. Foster to go to Mr. Goodrich's house, so I gave him the address of Mr. Frederick Goodrich, my own partner—Mr. Foster went away—a long time afterwards Mr. Byers told me that he had been to the London and County Bank and had ascertained that the stock had been sold—he said he did not want to hurt me, but something must be done, and if I could state that the stock was all light and could be replaced in three months, he would take my word for it and would let the matter be renewed for three months—about 27th September, 1877, I went to the prisoner Gattie, at the Bank of England, and asked him to become a nominal holder of the London Chatham and Dover and Egyptian stocks—Gattie agreed that the stock should be transferred into his name, and that he should lend money on it—nothing was said about the Bank of England—I may have mentioned Mr. Palmer, but not Mr. Palmer of the Bank of England—Gattie said as he was incurring no liability, nor infringing any rule he should be willing to do it—I told him he would have a commission—that was all the inducement Gattie had—Mr. Byers afterwards requested to see Mr. Gattie, and I took him to Mr. Gattie's office, and Mr. Gattie said what I told him, that he had heard that I wanted an advance of, I think, 9,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and that he could get it—Mr. Byers agreed to give the requisite security for the 100 Lombard shares, but that there must be a margin—nothing was said about the Bank of England—Gattie merely acted as the nominal holder of the stock—on the 28th I went with Mr. Byers to the Bank with the shares—Gattie had nothing to do with drawing up the receipt—I drew that up—that is why I have pleaded guilty—Gattie did not know its terms—he has not seen it—the receipt was given to Mr. Byers in an envelope—I am not sure whether the envelope was fastened—the letter referring to Mr. Palmer as "your director" is my writing, but the words "a director of the Bank of England" I added afterwards at Mr. Byers's request—I left the country on 17th March—Mr. Gattie did not know the receipt was forged.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>. The Egyptian stock was left for a day or two at the London and County Bank, and then I carried it off and sold</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060008"/>
<p>it by degrees at the Stock Exchange through our brokers; the first lot on 15th December, the same day I got it—it was all sold by 1st January, 1877—I applied to Mr. Howard for the money to meet the cheques to Mr. Foster and Mr. Davenport—I was to get the money during the day, and I did so—we had a balance of nearly 2,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. besides at our bankers—I gave the stock to Charles Taylor to sell, and he gave me the money for it directly—the firm had the benefit of the proceeds—I got the Chatham and Dover stock from the bank on 28th January, 1877—that was sold by Charles Taylor also—we had the benefit of the difference; the under
<lb/>standing was that we were to raise the loan upon the two stocks and to pay for the Egyptian stock, which was to be Colonel Fielding's property—we were in a position to produce the stock at any time, if Colonel Fielding asked for it up to our liquidation—we had other securities at the bank—I had no fear of discovery, because we could produce the stock—I had known Gattie two and a half or three years, partly in business transactions and partly privately—I did not visit at his house till 1877—Gattie sometimes required a loan and I made him advances—I think the whole amounts of loans before September, 1877, was within 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., in various sums, generally in cheques—he gave me his note of hand, no other security—I knew he was a clerk in the Bullion Department of the Bank of England—when I spoke to him in September, 1877, I did not tell him I had disposed of the stock—he was not to pretend to be the holder of the stock, but being the nominal holder he would be the transferee—Egyptian stock is not trans
<lb/>ferred by deed, but to bearer—I knew that, but Gattie thought it might be by deed, he knew very little about Stock Exchange business—no names are registered of Egyptian stock—the Chatham and Dover stock was not transferred to him—when I went with Gattie to Mr. Byers, I did not say the Bank of England, but that our merchant would require other securities to the extent of 100 Lombards—I introduced Gattie to Mr. Byers as a clerk in the Bank of England when we arranged the loan—I forged the receipt—Gattie received the stock at the Bank of England, and when Byers was gone gave it to me, and I went and sold it to Mr. Sichel—the letter of 28th September is written by Gattie, stating "You will have to wait about an hour before I can send you the receipt;" that was before the receipt was given—the letter was sent by messenger from the bank—that was for me to show Mr. Byers—the letter that I wrote out, and that Gattie signed in my presence, had not the word "Director of the Bank of England" when he signed it—I wrote the letter in Gattie's presence—I forget what commission I paid Gattie for this, I think about 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he owed me money then, about 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I think—it had been owing some time—I had not pressed him for payment—I also had some stock-broking transactions with him—I had a stock account with him, which began the end of 1877 or the beginning of 1878—he owed me 170
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. then for differences—I know Mr. Alexander, of 2, St. Michael's House, Cornhill—I think he is a director of some company—I decline to answer questions about my transactions with him—it might criminate me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>. Knowing my position, having pleaded guilty to the indictment, I say that Gattie knows nothing of this forged receipt.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GATTIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">received a good character—</hi>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">KEYMER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780806-663-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-663-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-663-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-663-18780806 t18780806-663-punishment-1"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-664-18780806" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18780806" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18780806" type="surname" value="LAVEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-664-18780806" type="given" value="PRISCILLA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRISCILLA LAVEY</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-664-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-664-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-664-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully aiding and abetting
<persName id="t18780806-name-13">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-13" type="surname" value="LAVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-13" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>Ben
<lb/>jamin Lavey</persName> to commit a fraud against the Bankruptcy Act</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence</hi>.—
<rs id="t18780806-664-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-664-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-664-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<persName id="t18780806-name-14">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-14" type="surname" value="LAVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-14" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENJAMIN LAVEY</hi> </persName>, who
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>last Session, was sentenced
<hi rend="italic">One Month's Imprisonment</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, August</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18780806-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-15" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-15" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm Kerr</persName>, Esq</hi>.</p>
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<interp inst="def1-665-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-665-18780806" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-665-18780806" type="surname" value="NOYES"/>
<interp inst="def1-665-18780806" type="given" value="THOMAS HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS HERBERT NOYES</hi> (60)</persName> (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 333) was indicted
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<interp inst="t18780806-665-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-665-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/> for a libel.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-17" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-17" type="given" value="MONTAGU"/>MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-18" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-18" type="given" value="EDWARD BRODRIBB"/>EDWARD BRODRIBB RANDALL</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Randall and Angier, of Gray's Inn, and have carried on business there for something like 27 years—we had a client in 1875 named George Baden Crawley, who had been for about two years a solicitor in partnership with his father—we represented him in a supposed claim which Mr. Noyes had against him—from time to time a number of cards were brought to my notice addressed to Mr. Crawley, and shortly afterwards I received cards of the same description—this card with the postmark of 9th May was delivered by post at our office—the defendant had called on me, and I had had a conversation with him. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "George Baden Crawley, care of his two attorneys, Randall and Angier, Gray's Inn Place, W. C. If the two cruel rogues and sharp practitioners who have conspired with the felon George Baden Crawley, to cheat his creditors and defraud his partner, enable him to escape judicial retribution for criminal. conduct in a Criminal Court, as so many black sheep of their corrupt pro
<lb/>fession are in the habit of doing in parallel cases, do not lake their names off the Rolls of their profession, their names will be taken off by the Lord Chancellor ere long.") I had had nothing to do with the defendant when I was concerned for Mr. Crawley—he was an entire stranger to me, but I know his writing—this post-card is his writing—I subsequently found it necessary in the Chancery suit to make an application to the Master of the Rolls, and while it was pending we received these nine post-cards (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), they are in the defendant's writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. We have acted for G. R Crawley for about 18 years—I do not know how many times he has left England since that, or how many years he has resided abroad—he has been in Mexico, France, Belgium, and Spain—I believe he first acted as your solicitor in the matter of this mine—I am not aware that he was expelled from his firm in 1861, certainly not or that a circular was sent to the clients of the firm to say that he had left it, and was going to reside abroad—I do not know the date than an agreement was entered into between him and you, there was an agreement between you and others—I have no recollection of seeing it—I am aware that you put 2,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. into the mine, but not that you lent it to Mr. Crawley for the purpose of working the mine—I saw Mr. Maskelyne once, three, four, or five years ago, but I do not think Mr. Crawley put the papers into my hands at that time—I saw a note of hand in Court for 1,200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and recognised Crawley's writing—I am not aware that a joint account was opened in his name and yours at Hughes's bank—you produced an account in your joint names—I am not aware when it was—two or three solicitors</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060010"/>
<p>have applied to me saying that you had a claim against Mr. Crawley, but I have not refused to furnish the accounts to them—your solicitor issued a writ against Mr. Crawley, but I do not know the date—I filed a demurrer on Mr. Crawley's behalf—when I obtained a warrant against you I did not tell you that I elected to proceed criminally against you, and intended to abandon the proceedings in Vice-Chancellor Malins's Court—I said on the return of the warrant, that if your friends would take charge of you I was prepared to abandon the proceedings—I did not proceed against you before Vice-Chancellor Malins while I had you locked up at Clerkenwell, without giving you information that I intended to do so—Mr. Maskelyne produced a bill for 2,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. about 20 years old, and said that he believed it had never been settled, and asked if I would undertake, if proceedings were not taken, not to plead the statute—I said that it was a very stale thing, and I could give no undertaking.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-19" type="surname" value="ANGIER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-19" type="given" value="CHARLES ALLAN"/>CHARLES ALLAN ANGIER</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, and have been in partnership with Mr. Randall twelve years—Mr. Crawley was a client of ours—I never saw the prisoner but once in my life, and I never spoke to him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. You called on us last autumn to induce us to compro
<lb/>mise Mr. Crawley's matter—I do not recollect what took place, except that I never spoke—I was called up by my partner to be present, but I never spoke to you—I do not remember taking down the correspondence, and ask
<lb/>ing you if it was your writing—I did not threaten to lock you up if you corresponded again, but I believe Mr. Randall did—I was not in the room when you entered it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I have communicated with Mr. Crawley since last Session, and he has come from abroad to be examined if necessary.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-20" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-20" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HALL</persName> </hi>. I am managing clerk to Mr. Emmett, a solicitor, of Essex Street, Strand—I am aware that Richard Pigeon holds a note of hand for 1,250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I have seen it—I believe Mr. Angier asked to take proceedings upon it, and Mr. Pigeon refused to give it up except on payment of his costs—I know that he has declined to send in a bill of costs—Mr. Emmett is too unwell to attend on your behalf to-day—I am unable to find in his office your correspondence with Mr. Maskelyne.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-21" type="surname" value="CRAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-21" type="given" value="GEORGE BADEN"/>GEORGE BADEN CRAWLEY</persName> </hi>. I acted as your solicitor in 1858, but not to your father and yourself—I entered into some agreement with John Edward Hibbett Pearl", but I cannot tell you what it was—it was a long time ago—I did not represent a mine in Glamorganshire as being of very great value—I said that I knew nothing about it—I am not sure that it was not you who introduced Mr. Jones to me—I knew nothing but what he told me—I do not know what your occupation was, or whether you knew anything about mining—now you mention it, I remember that you were employed at the Home Office—I cannot say whether I invited your father to provide capital to work that mine, but he did advance 2,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to you, and you were to work it—as far as my memory serves me, you and your father borrowed money, which was what I was principally doing for you—the 2,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was advanced by your father to both of us; he would not advance it unless I joined in taking a share in the mine, if I remember rightly—I do not admit giving you a note of hand for 1,250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but from what I have heard I believe it was so—I paid that note of hand by giving you up my half of the property, and handing you over the balance—that was at the end of 1860—I handed you</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060011"/>
<p>something above 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we settled accounts, and I handed you over the balance, but I cannot tell you where the receipt for it is—I have not got the originals of the three agreements between us—I have detained no documents whatever. (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner put in a notice to produce the documents, which he had served on the witness and on Mr. Angier; Mr. Angier stated that he had never seen the original documents</hi>.) I gave up every document, and I presume that, when I settled with you, you took them—it it possible that I destroyed them when I was removing from 117 to 104, Bishopsgate Street—I burnt several cartloads of paper, but I set my clerk to work for days, and the only documents he found I gave to Messrs. Randall. (
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">informed the prisoner that the questions he was putting were quite irrelevant to the issue</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I was in Bucharest ten days ago, and was requested by Messrs. Randall and Angier to come to this country—I arrived here yester
<lb/>day morning—the 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. balance was handed to the prisoner in the beginning of 1861—there was no promissory note or bill between us which was not honoured—I have paid in hard cash, out of my own pocket, 1,800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the prisoner—the Chancery suit was brought against me this year, all that time having elapsed—I have been carrying on very extensive railway contracts Abroad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner</hi>. This note of hand for 2,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Produced by the prisoner</hi>) is my writing, and bears your signature—I have never seen this pass-book before; it is a copy made by the bank—I cannot tell you by whom the cheques were drawn; it is only "cheque, cheque"—looking at the last two items, I cannot tell you to whom I paid this 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I lent it on some security—I cannot say whether this is my demurrer—I have been away from England, and have not seen, my solicitor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. EMMETT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Solicitor</hi>.) I began to correspond with Randall and Angier with regard to your claim against Mr. Crawley in October, 1877, as far as I believe—they were acquainted with your claims against Mr. Crawley last year, long before this writ was issued—they did not plead ignorance of your claims against him—you placed the papers in the case submitted to Mr. Southgate in my hands—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the document referred to—I cannot say whether it contains a fair statement of your claims as they are founded upon your own statements—your demurrer was an admission of the facts, and I so advised the Counsel.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner in his defence stated that he was a County Magistrate, and would not make any statement which he did not believe to be true. He com
<lb/>plained of the absence of his solicitor with some most material papers, and that he had not subpœnaed Mr. Pigeon, and contended that by the evidence he was justified in his conduct, believing that Messrs. Randall and Angier were cognisant of all that Mr. Crawley had done, and were therefore his accom
<lb/>plices; that what he had written under the belief that he had been grievously wronged was not a libel; but, having been told that Randall and Angier were innocent, he would withdraw the accusation against them, which he believed to he true when he made it. He further stated that he had been charged with lunacy, being a spiritualist and</hi> planchette
<hi rend="italic">writer</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18780806-665-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-665-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
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<hi rend="italic">To enter into recognisances to appear and receive judgment when called upon</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-666-18780806" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS PEARCE</hi> (28)</persName>
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<hi rend="smallCaps"> PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>to
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<interp inst="t18780806-666-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-666-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin—</rs>
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<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET JAMES</hi> </persName>(32)
<rs id="t18780806-667-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-667-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-667-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> to a like offence.</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-667-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-667-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-667-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-667-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-667-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-667-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-667-18780806 t18780806-667-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060012"/>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-668">
<interp inst="t18780806-668" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-668" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-668-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-668-18780806 t18780806-668-offence-1 t18780806-668-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-668-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-668-18780806" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18780806" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18780806" type="surname" value="SHARPE"/>
<interp inst="def1-668-18780806" type="given" value="FRANK JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK JOSEPH SHARPE</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-668-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-668-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-668-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to two indictments for forging and uttering cheques for 19
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-668-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-668-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-668-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-668-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-668-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-668-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-668-18780806 t18780806-668-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs> and</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-669">
<interp inst="t18780806-669" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-669" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-669-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-669-18780806 t18780806-669-offence-1 t18780806-669-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-669-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-669-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-669-18780806" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-669-18780806" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-669-18780806" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LEWIS</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-669-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-669-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-669-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to feloniously forging and uttering an indorsement to an order for the payment of 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing the same.—</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-669-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-669-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-669-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-669-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-669-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-669-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-669-18780806 t18780806-669-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-670">
<interp inst="t18780806-670" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-670" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-670-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-670-18780806 t18780806-670-offence-1 t18780806-670-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-670-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-670-18780806 t18780806-670-offence-1 t18780806-670-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-670-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-670-18780806" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-670-18780806" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-670-18780806" type="surname" value="WEEKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-670-18780806" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY WEEKS</hi> (43)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-670-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-670-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-670-18780806" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def2-670-18780806" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def2-670-18780806" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD GREEN</hi> (58)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-670-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-670-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-670-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, to which </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEEKS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-670-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-670-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-670-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. *</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-28" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-28" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS BARRETT</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, of 341, Old Street, St. Luke's—on 26th June I saw Weeks leave the Bell public-house—I followed her to Shoreditch Church, where she spoke to Green, and they walked away some distance—Weeks went into a public-house, and Green waited 20 yards off—Weeks came out, joined Green, and they walked together again, and I saw something pass between them—they parted again in High Street, Hoxton—Weeks went into a public-house and Green waited for her 20 yards off—I went in and spoke to the barmaid—Weeks came out and joined Green, and I spoke to a policeman—Weeks went into another public-house, and I went in and spoke to Mrs. Bryant—the policeman brought Green into the house, and they were both given in charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-29" type="surname" value="MASTERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-29" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT MASTERSON</persName> </hi>. I manage the Bell, High Street, Shoreditch—on 26th June Weeks was served with some beer and tendered a metal sixpence, which was returned to her—she left, and Mr. Barrett followed her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-30" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-30" type="surname" value="GROGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-30" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA GROGAN</persName> </hi>. I am employed at the Prince Albert, Hoxton—on 26th June Weeks came in and tendered a bad sixpence—I handed it subsequently to a constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-31" type="surname" value="WALKISS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-31" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA WALKISS</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Crooked Billet—on 26th June Weeks came in and tendered a bad sixpence—I gave it to Policeman 26 N; this is it—Barrett came in and spoke to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-32" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-32" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-32" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH BRYANT</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Myrtle, Hoxton—on 26th June Weeks came in and tendered a bad sixpence—Barrett came in and spoke to me—N 26 brought Green in, and Weeks and Green were given in custody with the sixpence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-33" type="surname" value="ENNIS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-33" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ENNIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">N</hi>.) Barrett pointed out the prisoners to me; I watched them—Weeks went to the beerhouses and Green remained at the corner—Barrett went into the public-house, and I took Green and took him into the public-house and charged him—he said that he knew nothing of Weeks—I received one sixpence from the Prince Albert, one from the Crooked Billet, and one from the Commercial.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-34" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-34" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are bad.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GREEN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-670-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-670-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-670-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780806-670-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-670-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-670-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-670-18780806 t18780806-670-punishment-7"/>Two Years' Imprisonment each</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-671">
<interp inst="t18780806-671" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-671" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-671-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-671-18780806 t18780806-671-offence-1 t18780806-671-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-671-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-671-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18780806" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18780806" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="def1-671-18780806" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL BARBER</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-671-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-671-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-671-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a medal, resembling a sovereign, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-36" type="surname" value="KITCHENER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-36" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE KITCHENER</persName> </hi>. My husband is a grocer and postmaster at Mill Hill—In July the prisoner came in with a letter in his hand and said that he wanted it registered—I told him to fasten it—he did not do so—I wrote the name in one part of the book and said "Seal your letter up and I will give you the receipt"—he was holding what appeared to be a sovereign in his hand, and asked me to put it in—I said "You had better do it yourself"—he said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060013"/>
<p>"This is a sovereign, is it not?"—I said "Well, it is a very bright one," and I took it and saw on it "To Hanover"—I said "This is not a sovereign at all, I can tell by its weight"—my son weighed it and returned it to me—I gave it to the prisoner and said "This is not a sovereign at all, who gave it to you?"—he said "My sister"—I said "Who is your sister?"—he said "My sister will take it back again"—I said "My good man, have you taken it for 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.?"—he said "Yes"—he seemed a poor simple countryman, I don't think he knew what it was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-37" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-37" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-37" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE BARRETT</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Adam and Eve, Mill Hill—the prisoner tendered to me what appeared to be a sovereign, it was like this—I told him it was not money at all—he paid with twopence and went away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-38" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-38" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA WHEELER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Joseph Wheeler, of Mill Hill—on 15th July the prisoner came in for half an ounce of tobacco and change for a sovereign, which he put into my hand—I threw it across the counter to my husband—I saw the word "Hanover" on it—it was very similar to this.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-39" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-39" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH WHEELER</persName> </hi>. My wife threw this coin over to me and said "This man wants change for this"—I said "You scamp, this is bad, and you know it, where did you get it from?"—he said "From Mr. Gubbins"—I said "I will send for him"—he then said that he got it from his son, who was working for Mr. Gubbins—I gave him in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-40" type="surname" value="BARHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-40" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>REUBEN BARHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 425
<hi rend="italic">S</hi>.) On 15th June Mr. Wheeler gave the prisoner into my custody with this coin—the prisoner said that he took it of Mr. Gubbins, an offman, who made a collection for him while he was in the country—he told the sergeant at the station that his son gave it to him—I searched him, and found 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 5 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., all good, and this letter.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. My son gave it to me. (
<hi rend="italic">The letter was from the prisoner to his mother, and stated</hi>: "George gave me 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to send home. I was so pleased I did not know what to do with myself. You take care of it.")
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-671-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-671-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-671-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">.—Wednesday, August</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Field</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-672">
<interp inst="t18780806-672" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-672" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-672-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-672-18780806 t18780806-672-offence-1 t18780806-672-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-672-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-672-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18780806" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-672-18780806" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY GEORGE KING</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18780806-672-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-672-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-672-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for and charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with feloniously killing and slaying a female child born of
<persName id="t18780806-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-42" type="surname" value="RINGROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-42" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-672-offence-1 t18780806-name-42"/>Sarah Ann Ringrose</persName>, and not then named.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. WARNER SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CRISPE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-43" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-43" type="surname" value="RINGROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-43" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>SARAH ANN RINGROSE</persName> </hi>, I am the wife of Edward Ringrose, and live at 6, Wellington Street, Shacklewell—my last child was born on the 29th May last—Mrs. Branch was not with me at the time, she nursed me after
<lb/>wards—I had some violet powder in my possession, which I had bought at Mr. Kidd's, No. 10, Wellington Street, about three months before my con
<lb/>finement, it was a penny packet—I kept it on a shelf, and ultimately turned it into a clean white pot about three weeks before the child was born—I don't remember what colour the packet was, or what name was on it—I had never bought any there before—the child was a healthy child when born, there was no redness about its body, it was a female—the violet powder was used to it—I had used violet powder to my other children—on the second day after its birth (30th May) I noticed a redness all over the body, and on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060014"/>
<p>the next day there were some sores all over it—I noticed sores about the the navel—Mrs. Branch stopped using the powder—the second day the child got worse, and died on the 7th June—Dr. Brown, who attended me in my confinement, called on the 31st to see me, and then saw the child—Mrs. Branch gave some of the powder to him and also some to Mr. Inman, the Summoning Officer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-44" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-44" type="surname" value="BRANCH"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-44" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BRANCH</persName> </hi>. I live at 18, Brown's Blace, Shacklewell—I assisted Mrs. Ringrose in her confinement—the child was a nice baby born—I washed it directly it was born—there were no marks about the body then—the violet powder was put for my use in a powder-box on the table, and I used it to the baby with a rabbit's foot—I used it each time I changed the napkins, that was about twice in the course of the day—on the second day, I think, I used the powder about four times to the child, once in the morn
<lb/>ing, and afterwards merely when I changed the napkins—I noticed on the second day the child looked very red, and on the third day it was going red, yellow, and black—I then left off using the violet powder, and used starch—the navel was turning black, and the stomach hard—Dr. Brown was sent for, and I called his attention to the state of the child—I had read in the papers about a week before that there was some inquiry about violet powder—the child got worse—I gave Dr. Brown some of the violet powder out of the box.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The first day I used the powder all over the child—I put more to the navel than other parts, that is usually done—the navel had not healed then—there was no blood on it—it was tied up—I did not use the powder again till the evening, when I changed the diaper—I did not touch the navel then, nor till I showed it to Dr. Brown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-45" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-45" type="given" value="HENRY"/>DR HENRY BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am a Licentiate of the College of Physicians—I attended Mrs. Ringrose in her confinement—her child when born was per
<lb/>fectly healthy and full-grown—on the third day when calling at the house my attention was directed to the child's stomach—I found swelling and red
<lb/>ness all over, more especially around the navel and about the genitals, and in every crease and fold of the body, the ribs and thighs—there was also discoloration and hardness all about the stomach, and all parts wherever the inflammation was—those appearances seemed to me to have been caused by some irritant poison—I there upon made certain inquiries, and was shown some violet powder—I had not had my attention called to anything in the newspapers, or heard anything of the matter—I took some of the violet powder away, and directed them to keep the remainder—I continued to attend the child daily until its death on the 7th June—it got worse each day—on the fourth day, the 1st June, sores appeared on the stomach, round the navel—they presented a very darkened appearance—they were about the size of the end of a pin's head, and increased in number and size down to the time of death—those sores fortified my opinion as to the appearances having been originally caused by some irritant poison—sloughs also formed along the groin, and round the navel—I reported the case to the Coroner, and about 12th June I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination—a pupil from the hospital assisted me—the head and brain were perfectly healthy, also the lungs and other organs, except the liver, that was very much enlarged and congested; that confirmed my view—an irritant poison goes immediately to the liver—in my opinion the actual cause of death was exhaustion from the inflammation—an irritant poison like arsenic would cause the appearances</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060015"/>
<p>and results I found—I showed the body to Professor Tidy about a month after the death—it was exhumed for that purpose—it was very much de
<lb/>composed—the packet of violet power I received from Mrs. Branch, it was taken out of the powder-box, and I put it in paper, and gave it to the Coroner's officer at the inquest—he gave it me back, and I ultimately gave it to Professor Tidy—I also received another portion from the Coroner's officer, which I also handed to Professor Tidy; that was in a paper, not in a packet.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I saw the child within half an hour of its birth; it had been washed; I did not notice whether it had been powdered—I heard no complaint of any sores until the 31st—the umbilical cord had not then dropped away—I think from the diseased condition it did not drop away at all; it was retarded in its natural progress, and resolved itself into a large ulcer—the worst sores were immediately round the navel and between the thighs—in my opinion the poison had penetrated through the navel, in the first instance through the pores of the skin; that occurred to me at the time; I should not think it penetrated through the cord itself; there is no circulation in the cord after birth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-46" type="surname" value="INMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-46" type="given" value="THOMAS JOHN"/>THOMAS JOHN INMAN</persName> </hi>. I am summoning officer to Mr. Humphreys, the Coroner—I was present at the inquest—I heard the prisoner examined—I received from Mrs. Ringrose a packet containing powder; it was an old packet in a piece of paper; I wrapped it in a stouter piece to preserve it, and gave it to Dr. Brown on the first day of the inquest.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-47" type="surname" value="TIDY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-47" type="given" value="CHARLES MEYMOT"/>CHARLES MEYMOT TIDY</persName> </hi>. I am a B. M. And Fellow of the Chemical Society, professor of chemistry and medical jurisprudence at the London Hospital, and medical officer of health to the parish of Islington—I am joint editor of a work on medicine and toxicology—I have had a large experience in poisons—on 14th June I received these two packets of powder from Dr. Brown—I analysed them; they presented the same analysis: White arsenic, that is arsenious arsenic, 38.5; potato starch, 54.8; a little magnesia, with possibly a little lead and lime, very small, 6.7; making 100 parts—it was scented, but I took no cognisance of that, it was so minute—the ordinary proper violet powder ought to be made of starch, with a little orris root, and scented; the best is made of com flour—I think it is very undesirable to use
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi>, that is sulphate of lime—the chief use of violet powder is to prevent chafeing; it is used for children, and by ladies, and for footmen—
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> is very often used in inferior kinds of violet powder; it is much cheaper than starch—the outward application of the powder containing 38 per cent of arsenic, or any arsenic, would have an injurious effect on children of tender years—it would be absorbed, and in dusting a child with it, no doubt a certain quantity would get into the air and be inhaled; the application of it to the genitals and the rectum would be another means by which the arsenic would find entrance into the system, and after washing, the absorption would be more rapid; if there was any cracking of the skin it would be very rapidly absorbed, and even in a sound skin—I have heard Dr. Brown's description of the state of this child, and in my opinion those appearances would be produced by the outward application of violet powder containing arsenic—on 26th June I was at the London Hospital, when the body of the child was shown to me by Dr. Brown; it was in a very advanced state of decomposi
<lb/>tion, too far to allow me to give an opinion on the special
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> appearances—I first removed the liver, and found in that 1 1/2; grains of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060016"/>
<p>arsenic: in the stomach and intestines 1 grain, and a trace of arsenic in the kidneys; and from all the other parts I obtained 4 grains, making altogether 6 1/2; grains—that was decidedly sufficient to cause death—the eruption was one of the symptoms of arsenical poisoning—one grain of arsenic is recorded to have killed a man—I think the arsenic I found here might be produced by the outward application of the powder containing it—the relative weights of
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> and arsenic are 2.3 and 3.7.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I heard Dr. Brown say that the child died from exhaus
<lb/>tion—I think the arsenic I found in the body might have entered through the mouth, and the vagina and rectum, apart from that absorbed into the skin; that would account for the exhaustion—the greater the quantity absorbed, the greater would be the exhaustion, and the more speedy if taken in through the apertures than if through the skin—as a ride arsenic is a preventive to decomposition, but there are exceptions where it has been hastened rather than delayed—I do not think the decomposed state of this body was inconsistent with death from arsenical poisoning—I had the prisoner's formulas for the preparation of these powders laid before me; there were two qualities—there was nothing but starch in the first—there was no apparent difference in bulk between the two; unless weighed there would be no perceptible difference to the hand; there might be to the eye—I think I could tell the difference; it is difficult to speak for others.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. In one packet the difference in size might not be noticed, but in a gross of packets I think it would.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-48" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-48" type="surname" value="KIDD"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-48" type="given" value="MARY"/>MART KIDD</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Edward Kidd, of 10, Wellington Street, Shacklewell—he keeps a general shop—we had violet ponder in stock; it was in stock when we took the business fifteen months ago from Mr. Kemp—there was a cardboard box full of penny packets—I can't be sure whether the box had a glass top to it; the packets were in white paper with blue letters, and the name of King on them, like this produced—Mrs. Ringrose was a customer at our shop—I cannot remember whether I sold her any powders—I read in the paper that there was something wrong about these powders, and I then collected all we had left, about fourteen; they were in the box—Mr. Walton, Mr. King's traveller, called on us, and we handed them to him—I thought we had better not sell any more—he called for orders, and I mentioned it to him, and he said, "You had better give them to me"—I can't say how many we had sold—I dare say fifty or sixty—I think there was about half a gross in the box.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. Walton did not call to ask for the packets; he called for orders, and I said. I thought we had better not sell any more, and asked if he would take them, and he said "Yes"—I don't recollect his telling me that he was going the round of his customers to get them because of the communications that had been made to him—he said he would return us other powders for them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-49" type="surname" value="KIDD"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-49" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD KIDD</persName> </hi>. I bought the business of Mr. Kemp on 12th February, and amongst the stock was some violet powder in a box—I saw it from time to time—the packets had on them "Henry John King, Violet Powder for the Nursery"—it was a white paper with blue printing—I have no remembrance of buying any Violet powder—I used to deal with Mr. King for other articles, Seidlitz powders, cough drops, and other things—he came for orders every Monday—I don't know what has become of Mr. Kemp—on Monday, 26th May, I remember Mr. Walton, the traveller, taking away</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060017"/>
<p>what was left of the packets of violet powder; he called for orders; there was another traveller, a miller, in the shop, and a conversation arose about the violet powders, and Mr. Walton said, "By the bye, have you any left; if you have I will take them away, for there appears to be something wrong with them"—I don't think my wife was present the whole time—she was in and out from the private parlour—I found all the packets I could in the window, where they were always kept; there were about eight or nine packages; they were done up in brown paper and handed to him—they were not in a box, they were loose in the window; the box had got broken.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. Mr. Walton asked for them, and I collected them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-50" type="surname" value="WALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-50" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WALTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Fox Lane, Haggerston—I have been travelling for Mr. King eight or nine years—his place of business is 14, Abbot Street, Kingsland—he is a wholesale druggist and drysalter and general packer—my district includes Wellington Street Shacklewell, and Mr. Kidd's shop—I knew the shop when Mr. Kemp carried on the business—I called there for orders every Monday—I cannot give the particulars of the various orders, the old books have been destroyed—Mr. King dealt in violet powders—I used to take orders for them all over London and deliver them—I have no recollection of taking any order for violet powder from Mr. Kidd; I used to call there for orders in the usual way—I heard from Mr. King that there was something wrong about his violet powders; I believe that was some time in May; he told me that he had had a letter from the Treasury, specifying that there was something wrong with the violet powders; that they contained some poisonous matter—he asked me to collect in all powders that I knew of, and give notice to his customers for the carman to bring back any violet powders which they might have by them, and he would send fresh in the place of it—I went to Mr. Kidd's on Monday, 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. st May, or the following week, on my ordinary round—I saw Mr. Kidd in the shop and another young fellow—I asked him if he had any violet powders; he fetched them from some part of the window; they were not exposed to the eye; they were laid about loose—he gave them to me; I think there were about nine packets like these—I took them and gave them to Mr. King; I told him where I had got them from; I saw no more of them—some years ago I have seen the violet powder manufactured—I had a good deal to do with it about five years ago; I used to assist in the manufacture—Mr. King assisted at times; he gave out the materials, and gave the orders to whoever was employed—I don't know who weighed out the materials; Mr. King and sometimes Mrs. King gave out the quantities; they had a formula, a receipt-book—the materials were kept in a kind of stock-room—when they were mixed they were put in little packets with papers round them, and the boxes were filled from the bulk by one of the daughters or one of the girls employed—there was no weighing at all—I never made violet powder from
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi>; only starch—there was no
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> used at that time; it was first used about two years ago, instead of starch, and the price was re
<lb/>duced from 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a gross to 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. or 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—they were placed in quarter-gross boxes, with glass tops—after this I collected violet powder from other customers besides Mr. Kidd, by Mr. King's direction—I ordered them to be sent in at once when on my regular rounds.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The orders I took were entered in book by Miss King, and when my commission was paid I destroyed my books—when we</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060018"/>
<p>wanted to manufacture some of the violet powder the materials were put in a large tray by the party who was going to make them; about four persons were employed in making them; they were weighed, not by any particular person, but by whoever happened to have the order from Mr. King—I have seen Mr. King mix them, and then he would no doubt weigh the materials himself—he gave the quantities from his receipt-book on each occasion—I can't say that he was always present; he kept the receipt-book—when I have made it up it has been already weighed out; Mr. and Mrs. and Miss King would be the persons in possession of the receipt-book; I could not tell the receipt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. It is a small establishment—about three or four girls were employed, and a young chap about eighteen or twenty to look after the horses—no one but the girls was employed in the manufacture; their work was filling and folding, not mixing; they had very little to do with the mixing—occasionally they did—various persons mixed the stock; I could not tell who; it was either the girl or the young man that was employed at that time—they passed it through the sieves at different times, so that it might be well mixed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. These are Mr. King's printed lists, from which I took orders; some of the things are priced, and some, not most, of the things were bought from wholesale houses; some were made on the premises; the violet powder was made on the premises—the person who weighed out the materials placed them in a bag, not in a tray; they were left in separate bags till such time as the person, whoever it might be, called to mix them in the tray; they were passed through sieves till they were thoroughly mixed—I can't say that the persons who bought them would know what they were made of—no insect powder or fly paper was made on the premises, nor was any arsenic used; I was not aware that there was anything that contained arsenic—the business has been established ten or twelve years—the things that came from the wholesale houses were kept in the stock-room, and taken out as they were wanted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-51" type="surname" value="ROOTS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-51" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ROOTS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Inspector</hi>.) On 20th May I went to the prisoner's premises, and served him with two summonses—I read them to him—he made a statement to me which I took down in writing.
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "I make two kinds of violet powder, best and common. The best is composed of 28lb. Of starch powder, two and a half magnesia, llb. orris root, and five drops of essence of roses; the common of 14lb. of
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi>, 21 of potato floor, three of magnesia, one of orris root, one and a half violet perfume, and five drops of essence of roses. These I purchase of W. and J. Bush and Co., of 21 to 24, Artillery Lane, Bishopsgate. I first purchased
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> of this company on 21st February, 1878; previously of Mr. Fox, chemist and druggist, of Bethnal Green Road. The last purchased of him was on 27th October, 1877. I have Bush and Co. 's invoices, but none from Fox, as all purchases from him were for cash. I have never purchased arsenic, and do not know how it got into the powder. I do know there was arsenic in it, as Mr. Barnard analysed about six packets for me, and found arsenic in two. Directly I received the letter from the Treasury, I sent round to my customers and destroyed all the powder collected." He also said, "I have two horses and three travellers, and one man and four girls in my packing-room." He showed me over the premises—I saw girls there making up Seidlitz powders—he gave me, amongst other things, a specimen of his
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi>, to see whether there was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060019"/>
<p>anything wrong with it—I was present at the inquest on this child—the prisoner was called and examined as a witness; his solicitor was there representing him—I saw him sign his deposition. (
<hi rend="italic">This was put in and read, and was in substance similar to his statement to the witness</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-52" type="surname" value="FOX"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-52" type="given" value="WILLIAM ROBERT"/>WILLIAM ROBERT FOX</persName> </hi>. I carry on business at 109, Bethnal Green Road, with my father, as wholesale and retail chemists—we are registered as such—we deal, amongst other things, in
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi>, which we sell at 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per cwt.—we should charge that to Mr. King—and cornflour starch at about 26
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the cwt, and potato starch about 24
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 22
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—28lb. of
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> would be 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—we never sell a hundredweight of arsenic—we should charge about 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for 28lb.; it is very seldom we sell 28lb. of arsenic—I do not know Mr. King as a customer; as a ready-money customer, very likely I should not know him—if he or his daughter came and purchased
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> over the counter, there would be no entry made; he would pay for it, and carry it away—these packets produced contain 28lb. of
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> and 28lb. of white arsenic; I weighed them myself—the paper is exactly the same, but the arsenic is in a smaller bag—we should deliver 28lb. of
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> in a parcel like that; a hundredweight we should deliver in a cask or bag—I also produce two bottles, one containing
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> and the other white arsenic, 4 oz. in each—we deal in white arsenic—we have a poison-room, in which poisons are kept—we generally have white arsenic in stock, and no doubt we had in February, 1877—it is kept in an iron-bound cask with a head—if an order for white arsenic was to be executed, our man would line a bag like this brown paper, to make it stronger, take it into the poison-room, put in the quantity by guess as near as he could, take it downstairs and weigh it, and deliver it—if 28lb., or any quantity beyond a pound, was sold to an ordinary customer, to be paid for at the time, the man in the shop would always have to come to us to get the price, and our instructions are that it should be entered in the poison-book—that does not extend to sale by wholesale—I have the poison-book here—if a written order is brought, we should instruct the man to keep it and file it—this book contains entries of the sales of poisons from October 21, 1875, to November 30, 1877—on 22nd February, 1877, there is an entry of 20lb. to a Mr. Steele, he had had it before I believe—the next entry before that is January 28, 1877, 4lb. and 7lb.; and the next before that January 19, 14lb.—there is no entry in this book of 28lb.—if a person came for
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> the man in the same way would take a bag, I expect not lined in that case, take, it to the warehouse at the bottom of the yard, about 20 or 30 yards from the shop, fill the bag with it and give it out—the poison room is upstairs in a different building—we buy
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> of a broker in Mincing Lane; the railway sometimes deliver it, sometimes we fetch it, in 2-cwt. bags—we get the arsenic in an iron-bound keg, and it is kept in the cask in which it comes—we have never had a complaint about our
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi>—it is principally used for violet powder; also for making ornaments for wedding cakes and sweetmeats, as a kind of plaster-of-paris—my partner is here.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. We generally weigh the goods as they come in; the
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> is generally weighed because we generally find it abort weight—the arsenic would be weighed in the same machine; it is a platform machine—I never knew an arsenic cask leak, they are always very strong—we take the arsenic out of the cask with a scoop, which is kept in the cask—all</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060022"/>
<p>the persons employed have access to the poison room—if the man brought down 20lb., when only 14lb. was wanted, he would have to take the surplus back; if he forgot it I think someone else would see it—
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> and arsenic are very similar.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. Both my father and I gave evidence at the inquest—the respective values of white arsenic and
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi> are 11
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. per ton—I do not say that all our poisons are kept in one room—the liquid poisons are kept in the cellar; none of the solids to my knowledge—I should certainly say they could not be carried there by accident—I have interfered with the storing in the cellar ever since I have been in the business, about 17 years—the last time I went there to store anything would be about six months ago—I am there every day; I superintend the entire place and take a very active part in the business—we have two shops, and in the shop where these large poisons would be likely to be sold there are two men, and a man would be sent in to help if required—we should not sell a large parcel of arsenic or any other large parcel of poisons in our retail shop—I am certain not 28lb. of arsenic—the arsenic when sold would be brought down and put in the scale, and if too much, it would be scooped out of the bag and taken back upstairs in the scoop—it is a large scoop with sides—it would be taken up before the customer left and restored to the cask—to my knowledge arsenic is never sold without a written order—I cannot swear that it is not.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I can undertake to say that 14lb. would not be sold without a written order.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There are two shopmen whose duty it is to give out arsenic, Davis and Geary—they are both here.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. I don't think it possible that two customers would be in the shop at the same time, one for 28lb. of arsenic and the other for 28lb. of
<hi rend="italic">terra alba</hi>—there is no entry of it in the poison book; it is possible, such a thing might happen; but in that case I should expect to find it in the poison book—we do not balance the quantities of poisons; we take stock, but we cannot tell day by day what quantity goes out, or what money there is in the till for it—we do not enter every separate thing we sell
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-672-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-672-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-672-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lindley</hi>.</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WELCH</hi> (21)</persName>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
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<interp inst="t18780806-673-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>to unlawfully offering to prevent the publication of certain matters relating to Charles Sugden, with intent to extort money.</rs>
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<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="italic">66</hi>) and
<persName id="def2-674-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-674-18780806" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-674-18780806" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def2-674-18780806" type="surname" value="WISE"/>
<interp inst="def2-674-18780806" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH WISE</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-674-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-674-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-674-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Felo
<lb/>niously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18780806-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-56" type="surname" value="WISE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-56" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-674-offence-1 t18780806-name-56"/>Frederick Wise</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-57" type="surname" value="OCKERIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY OCKERIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am a brushmaker, of 42, Stepney Green—in February, 1877, I had apartments in the prisoners' house, Stewardstone Road, Bethnal Green—their baby was then about six weeks old, and was healthy, as far as I could judge—early in June our attention was attracted by a noise as of an altercation in the prisoners' room, and we heard our name called—my wife and I went down, and the male prisoner was striking his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060023"/>
<p>wife, who had the child covered up in her arms—I induced her to give it up, in case it should get a blow—my wife took it upstairs, and a horrible smell came from it—I cannot recollect what Frederick said to his wife, hut there was a quick succession of blows—I went upstairs and examined the child, and from the lower part of the lower jaw up to the hair was not one sore but a numerous quantity of sores—I examined its body, it was raw all round the crutch—its mouth was going—my wife dipped her finger in some butter, and it took it very ravenously—I called the male prisoner, and he came up—I was very much excited, and said "Good God, Wise, look at that poor child, it is absolutely starving; look at the state its face is in, you must know it, sleeping in the same bed"—he said "Yes, it has been ill"—I said "You must see a doctor at once"—he said "It's too late to-night, I will call on Dr. Berdoe in the morning"—that was on Thursday, but the child was not seen by a medical man till the following Tuesday—I went downstairs to see if there was any provision for feeding the child during the night, and after searching they produced a feeding bottle, which looked as if it had not been used for some time, as there was curdled, putrid milk in it—after a time a tube was found, and afterwards a teat, which ways so broken and bent about that I considered it useless—the father and mother tied it together with a piece of string—after the child was seen by a doctor, woman was appointed to sit up with it, and take care of it during the night—I asked Frederick whether he had provided the child with sufficient clothing, as my wife had to lend it clothes—a portion of the clothes it had on when it was taken to the workhouse were mine—about a fortnight after the doctor was called in my wife applied to the police, as the inattention was occurring again, and the child was removed to the workhouse—Frederick Wise worked in High Street, Borough—I worked beyond him, and used to pass his place of business, and have seen him there—he left about 7 a.m., and had about three miles to go to his work—he returned about half-past 7 or 8, sometimes later, but sometimes he was at home all day on Saturday, and sometimes half a day, and all day on Sunday—he was moderately sober—I have seen him in liquor, but it was not his constant practice—I have seen the woman drunk in the day time as well as at night—I have seen her lying on the kitchen floor—the child was generally lying in a box in the kitchen—when my wife com
<lb/>municated with the police the male prisoner abused me very strongly, and called my wife a filthy name.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I occupied these rooms about 18 months—the prisoners occupied a sitting-room, bedroom, and kitchen—I have heard the male prisoner say that his wages were 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a week—I should call him sober in the general acceptation of the term, but his wife is a confirmed drunkard—Dr. Berdoe has attended her for
<hi rend="italic">delirium-tremens</hi>—the male prisoner was com
<lb/>plaining of her being drunk and lying about the place on the evening when I saw him beating her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-58" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-58" type="surname" value="OCKERIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-58" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA OCKERIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—we lived in the prisoner's house for some months—the child was about four months old when I first saw it; it was then very thin—I overheard a conversation about its being very bad and not likely to live—I knew there had been no doctor and that it was dying—when I first saw it it was in a little boy's arms in the passage—I examined it; it seemed to be very ill, and there were sores on its face—I got the mother to come up with it into my room; she was moderately sober—I tried to induce her to have a doctor; she said she dare</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060024"/>
<p>not do so—I have often seen her drunk during the day—the child was sometimes in bed in a little box in the kitchen—I never saw her feed it in a proper manner; a bottle was put for it, but it was quite useless—I drew her attention to it many times—the father was away during the day—early in June my husband and I heard him swearing at her—we went down and I took the child upstairs; its face was sore, and the lower part of its body was very bad indeed: it was sinking for want of nourishment—I gave it a bit of butter, as I was afraid life was leaving it—I went to the mother next morning and tried to impress upon her to get food for it and to have it washed—I washed it myself in the evening—I expected then it would die in my arms—I had told her many times to get a doctor; she assured me that she dare not do so, as her husband would not allow her—I said that I should do so—on the day I took the child upstairs I went down to look for its bottle, and found it clogged up and of no use at all, and bad food in it—I had often remonstrated with her about the state the child was in, and spoke to her about bandaging it—it was laid on the bed about ten in the evening covered with the sheet, and the woman had gone out with her husband—they returned in about half an hour, and I told her that I found the child crying, and that it was too tightly bandaged and could not grow like that; she would kill it—he thanked me, and said that she was a silly bitch and did not know better—I frequently said to both of them that the child was being murdered—I once found it in the passage, and accused her of its being badly treated—I did not know till June that the lower part of its body was covered with sores—I spoke to them both one Sunday morning about six weeks ago, and gave them some linen rag to put to its wounds, and told them to be sure and attend to it—she said that she would do so—I once found the child in bed with a pillow over its head, suffocating; that was on the Friday that I went to the police, and previous to that I found it on the bed nearly suffocated; that was about six in the evening—I removed the pillow, and went up and found the mother in a lodger's room intoxicated—I told her of her cruelty to her child, and said that she ought not to have a baby so young—she said that she could not attend to it—her husband had not then come home; but I told him in the evening that I found the baby suffocated with a pillow over its head, and a blanket, and that if he did not prevent it, I must do so—he said that he meant to leave her—I begged him to think of his children—he said that he should not think of the children.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I am not extremely friendly with Mrs. Wise, owing to her drunken habits—this is the first time I have mentioned that she said that he would not let her have a doctor—when I spoke to Wise, he said "She is silly; she does not know what she is doing;" and once when I spoke to her, she said "No, I am not fit to have a young baby: I do not know what I am doing"—she was then drunk—I did not know that the child was taken three times to the vaccination officer, but was too ill to be vaccinated—I did not know that the husband brought home biscuits and Swiss milk for the child—I found some beef-tea on the hob one day; it was there because Mrs. Hall said that it was the proper thing to get—I have heard that the child had brandy and egg—the female prisoner was his third wife.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. There is another child about 21 months old, a girl; she is pretty strong and well taken care of—I have heard that he has 16 children by his first wife, and I am not sure that he has not two by the second.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060025"/>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. The milk in the bottle was curdled—when I saw the beef
<lb/>tea on the hob it was after the doctor had seen the child; but they could not use it, it was only water.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-59" type="surname" value="BERDOE,"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-59" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BERDOE, F.R.C.S</persName> </hi>. I live at 56, Victoria Park Road, and have been in the habit of attending the prisoners—I delivered the woman of this child on 20th January last—it was perfectly healthy—I attended her for a few days and saw nothing more of her till on Saturday evening, 8th June, the male prisoner called and said, "Doctor, our baby does not seem to thrive"—I asked him in what way, and gathered that it was gripes or disturbed bowels—I gave him a bottle of medicine, but did not see the child—on 11th June the child was brought by a woman, who said that it was Mrs. Wise's child, who was unable to bring it herself—it was horribly emaciated, weighing apparently 4lb. or 5lb.; it was a mere mass of skin and bone, with sores on its face and body—experts give the weight of a new-born child at about 7lb., and in a respectable class of persons it is more; it weighed less than when it was born—I was very angry at the condition it was in, and gave it some strengthen
<lb/>ing medicine—the male prisoner called the same evening in a considerable state of alarm at the remark I had made—he said that I had been saying that the child had been improperly treated, and if that was the case, it must have been by his wife during his absence, as he wished it should have proper care and attention; that I knew the drinking habits of his wife, and she most have kept the child without food while he was away, and that on one occasion it had been left without food about 12 hours when she was in a drunken stupor, and he had kicked her to arouse her—he begged me to do all I could to pull the child round, but I said it would certainly die, nothing could be done for it—I called two days afterwards, and saw the female prisoner; she was very rapidly feeding the child with a spoon—I asked her what she was giving it—she said egg and brandy, which some neighbour had recommended—I scolded her and said that when the child died I should order an inquest—she said "The child shan't die, I will bring it round"—I ordered it cod-liver oil, and saw it on June 14th, 17th, and 21st between 12 and 4 o'clock—the man was not there then, but he called on me in the evening of each of these days—he showed me some biscuits he had purchased, and asked my opinion of them—he said that sometimes he would bring beef, and asked if it were advisable—he expressed every anxiety that the child should be saved—on, I believe, 21st June, he said that the relieving officer had called, saying that he had been informed that the child was being starved, and he would take it away unless the father could bring a certificate from me that the child was not in danger, and might be safely left—I refused to give any such certificate—he urged me very much to do so, and I wrote one to say that the child had been grievously neglected, and was suffering from improper food, this is it—in consequence of that, the relieving officer called on me—I advised him to remove the child to the workhouse, and he took it there on the following Monday—I know that the mother is addicted to habits of intemperance—I have attended her for
<hi rend="italic">delirium tremens</hi>—the husband has expressed great concern about his wife's drunken habits—the child died on 6th July from gross neglect and improper feeding; from star
<lb/>vation, in fact—I was not present at the
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The father was the first to come and ask my advice, and he came on various occasions afterwards—I have attended her for
<hi rend="italic">delirium tremens</hi> on several occasions during the last two years—they have been married about two years and a half—I have known</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060026"/>
<p>him some time, and have a high respect for him—I frequently con
<lb/>doled with him on his misfortune—the messenger said that Mrs. Wise had sent the child, as she was too ill to come—the male prisoner came the same night and said, "Doctor, this is a very serious thing you have been saying about the child; I have frightened the mother, I hope it will do her good"—when I called the mother was at home drunk, and the father was out—she admitted that she had neglected the child—I know that it was taken twice to the vaccination officer, who on both occasions refused to vaccinate it as it was too ill.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-60" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-60" type="given" value="THOMAS REDFORD"/>THOMAS REDFORD KING</persName> </hi>. I am Medical Officer of Bethnal Green and reside at the workhouse—this child was brought there on the 24th June—I saw it first in the porter's lodge, and ordered it to the infirmary, where I saw it every morning—it was in a state of great emaciation, apparently from want of nourishment—I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination, and found no trace of disease whatever—I attribute the emaciation to want of proper food or food improperly administered—it rallied a little—I understood it gained a little in weight—it died on 6th July from starvation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-61" type="surname" value="DORMER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-61" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY DORMER</persName> </hi>. I am Relieving Officer of St. Matthews, Bethnal Green—I received a note from the police and went to the prisoner's house within 10 minutes—that was Saturday, 22nd June, about 2.30; the female prisoner opened the door—I said "You have a child here which I under
<lb/>stand is being starved and neglected"—she ran away and fetched her hus
<lb/>band—I said the same to him, and said "Let me see it"—he said "Come in"—I said "What is the matter with your wife's eyes?" she had two fearful black eyes—he said "I have been giving her a thrashing for neglect
<lb/>ing it"—I saw the child, it was feeding, but was terribly emaciated—I said "Wise, you must have known of the child being in this state, how is it you have not seen to it?"—he said that he did know—I said "You have been sleeping at home and going away in the morning, having the child in your bed; you knew that it was in that state; I shall hold you responsible; is there a doctor attending it?"—he said "Dr. Berdoe"—I said I should require a certificate from him, or else I should take it away—I called again about 5.30; the child was again feeding, and about 6.30 he brought me this certificate and begged me not to make any noise about it—I said I should report to the Board what had taken place—the doctor gave me a further certificate on the Monday, and I took the child away—I am quite sure he said that he did know of it—on the same Saturday evening he brought some Robb's biscuits into my office to show me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. He said "I know it," and I said "It is great neglect on your part."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-62" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-62" type="surname" value="HATFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-62" type="given" value="ANNE"/>ANNE HATFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am a nurse at Bethnal Green Infirmary—I received this child, it was in a very emaciated state—I fed it—it weighed 4 1/2; lb. when it came, in a few days it had gained 1 1/2; lb.—it died on the 6th July.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The mother called on the Monday following—the child was then getting better, and she wanted to take it out, but I pressed her not to—she was perfectly sober—I sent for her when the child died, at 8.30 a.m.—she was sober, she was in great trouble and knelt down and said she hoped God would forgive her, but she knew that she had not done her duty—she said when it was dying that she would give me 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. if I could save its life.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-63" type="surname" value="QUIGLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-63" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM QUIGLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>.) I took the prisoners—the woman was committed by the Coroner and the man surrendered himself.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060027"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WISE</hi>
<rs id="t18780806-674-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-674-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-674-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18780806-674-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-674-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-674-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-674-18780806 t18780806-674-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH WISE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-674-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-674-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-674-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780806-674-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-674-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-674-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-674-18780806 t18780806-674-punishment-10"/>Fifteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-675">
<interp inst="t18780806-675" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-675" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-675-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-675-18780806 t18780806-675-offence-1 t18780806-675-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-675-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-675-18780806 t18780806-675-offence-1 t18780806-675-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-675-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-675-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-675-18780806" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-675-18780806" type="surname" value="HENLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-675-18780806" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HENLEY</hi> (53)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-675-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-675-18780806" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-675-18780806" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-675-18780806" type="surname" value="HENLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-675-18780806" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA HENLEY</hi>
<rs id="t18780806-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-675-18780806 t18780806-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHAMBERS</hi> </rs> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-675-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-675-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-675-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18780806-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-66" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-66" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-675-offence-1 t18780806-name-66"/>Alice Chambers</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LILLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-67" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-67" type="surname" value="MARRIAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-67" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>SUSAN MARRIAGE</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Queen's Place, Whitechapel—the prisoners have lived in a house immediately opposite for the past three years—their child Alice was about 8 years old, and I have frequently spoken to the female prisoner about the condition of the child, and wished her, to have medical advice for her—the first time was some months ago—she used to pay her rent regularly, and usually brought the child with her—on the 23rd July I went to her room and found both the prisoners there—the child was on the bed naked in a very filthy dirty state; it had vermin upon it and sores on its head, in consequence of which I went to Dr. Stirling and afterwards gave information to the officer of health, and the child was taken to the infirmary—I do not think the female prisoner was a drunken woman—I never saw her drunk, but she was very dirty, and she never did any sort of work to support herself and family—her husband was out of a night, I believe, as a messenger, and at home in the day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by John Henley</hi>. I frequently saw you come home in the morning a little the worse for liquor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-68" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-68" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-68" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE TURNER</persName> </hi>. I live at 1, Queen's Place, High Street, Whitechapel, opposite the prisoner's door—I have often seen the prisoners and their child during the past three or four months; it was always very dirty and pale, looking ill and delicate—on 21st July I first saw the child since she had been ill; she wanted some water, and I gave her some wine; she was naked and dirty, and had a few old clothes to cover her; her head was one mass of sores—I advised the female prisoner to clean the child, and I have many times offered to clean it myself—I told her to get medical advice, and said, "If you don't take the child somewhere, she will not live another three weeks"—she took her to the infirmary.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by John Henley</hi>. You called at my door at a quarter to 6 o'clock one morning, and said you had got some wine and half a tea-cake—that may have been more than once—I never saw anything but medicine, that was on 21st July, a small white bottle, which you fetched from the dispensary, and the child was taken away on the 23rd.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-69" type="surname" value="BATTRUM"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-69" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BATTRUM</persName> </hi>. I am Sanitary Inspector of the Whitechapel district—from information conveyed to me I went to the prisoners' house on 28th July—I saw both prisoners there, and the child was on the bed, which was nothing more than a heap of rags—it was naked, and seemed very ill; its head was covered with sores, and the hair was cut short—as far as I could see it was in a dirty, emaciated state, but the light was not very good—the woman said that she was going to put some clothes on the child, and take it to a friend at Haggerston—I told them I should report the case to the workhouse, which I did later in the day, and the child was removed there the same day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-70" type="surname" value="HOLDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-70" type="given" value="MARION"/>MARION HOLDEN</persName> </hi>. I am a nurse at the Whitechapel Infirmary—on 23rd July the child Alice was brought there in a most dirty condition; her clothes were running alive with vermin, and had to be burnt—her head was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060028"/>
<p>in a dreadful state from sores, and her body was very dirty, and thin, and emaciated—I received her from her father, took her into the ward, and I thought she would have died before I got there, she was in such an ex
<lb/>hausted state—she asked for a little dinner, and I warmed some beef-tea, but she was too exhausted to take any food—she died next day at 7 p.m.—everything was done which could be done to preserve her life.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi> She was too exhausted to speak when you brought her to the infirmary.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. When I was bringing her along she said, "I am dying"—those were the only words I heard her speak till she did die.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-71" type="surname" value="ILOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-71" type="given" value="JAMES JOHN"/>JAMES JOHN ILOTT</persName> </hi>. I am surgeon of the infirmary, Whitechapel Work-house—I saw this child on her admission on the 23rd; she was in a very dirty, neglected state, and suffering from diarrhœa and exhaustion; she soon became unconscious, and was unable to swallow, and died next day at 4 o'clock—I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination, and found the body thin and emaciated—it weighed 30lb. 10oz.—a child eight years old ought to weigh 40lb. or 50lb.—the stomach and intestines were empty, and the liver was enlarged; the lungs were in a state of long-standing inflammation, and both pleural cavities contained fluid—she died from diarrhoea, exhaustion, neglect, and the want of the common necessaries of life—the neglect had been going on, I think, for two or three months at least.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There were no signs of scurvy, but there were sores on the head; there were no signs of skin affection of the body—it was not a healthy child; it had scrofulous enlargement of the liver—the sores on the head proceeded from natural causes, and they were not caused by neglect, but were aggravated by it—they might have been cured, but the child would never have been well, because it was suffering from scrofulous disease—it was more difficult for poor people to keep the child well, from its natural tendencies.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-72" type="surname" value="EAGLE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-72" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH EAGLE</persName> </hi>. I am Relieving Officer of Whitechapel—Queen's Place is in my district—the prisoners never applied to me for relief for their child or for an order for it to be removed into the infirmary, or for the attendance of a medical man—I did not know them at all—I arrived there on the 23rd with an order for the child's admission into the infirmary, and saw the father, who said that he had just returned from the infirmary and the child had been admitted by the medical officer; he went back with me and we saw the child together in the infirmary—I said that I thought it was dead—he said that it would not die, it had been as bad two months before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-73" type="surname" value="SHERRINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-73" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SHERRINGHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 128.) On 25th July I took the male prisoner in Leman Street, and told him he was charged with causing the death of his child—he said "It is no fault of mine, last Sunday I had a bottle of medicine from the dispensary; I likewise bought four penny
<lb/>worth of lemon juice and four lemons and squeezed them in water; and I put the child's feet in mustard and water; she could not keep anything down"—he said that scurvy ran in the family, and he had got it himself and his brother likewise—I went to his house, but saw no lime juice or lemons although I searched.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-74" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-74" type="given" value="ELI"/>ELI SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 171.) On 26th July I took the female prisoner and told her she would be charged With her husband for causing the death of the child—she said that she was not his wife—I said "I shall take you to the station, and anything you say will be used against you"—she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060029"/>
<p>said "He has not given me anything for four days," and at the station she said that he did not give her sufficient money to keep her—I had known him some time as a night watchman in the neighbourhood; he used to pull down shutters and run errands and do odd jobs, and he used to get a good deal of food from the coffee-shop and broken rituals from the neighbours—it would be difficult to tell what he earned because it was so precarious—he also looked after cabs, there are cabs on the stand all night st High Street, Whitechapel—that is what I mean by a night watchman—he went on errands in the day, and carried messages and letters—Mr. Ray gave him broken victuals.</p>
<hi rend="italic">John Henley, in his defence, stated that he always took home to his child the pieces which Mr. Ray gave him, but that all she would take was port wine and eggs; that she had been ailing ever since her vaccination, and that he lost two other children through vaccination; that he gave her arrowroot and sago, but she brought up everything, and that he sometimes had to wash her himself as his wife did not keep her clean</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Emmy Henley, in her defence, complained of her husband's violence to her, and stated that he had said he would starve her out; that she wished the child to he under a doctor, but he said it would he a good job when it was dead</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-675-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-675-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-675-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-676">
<interp inst="t18780806-676" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-676" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-676-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-676-18780806 t18780806-676-offence-1 t18780806-676-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-676-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-676-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-676-18780806" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-676-18780806" type="surname" value="PENSAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-676-18780806" type="given" value="JOHN TAYLOR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN TAYLOR PENSAM</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-676-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-676-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-676-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Unlawfully converting to his own use 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 88
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. entrusted to him as agent for
<persName id="t18780806-name-76" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-76" type="surname" value="POWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-76" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-676-offence-1 t18780806-name-76"/>Benjamin Powis</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. M. WILLIAMS, H. AVORY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARDS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-77" type="surname" value="POWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-77" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN POWIS</persName> </hi>. I live at 17, Sumner Place, South Kensington—last December I was living at Woodson, in Worcester, where I was farming—I had known the prisoner some years as chief clerk to a firm of solicitors in the City who had done business for my late brother—at the end of last year I contemplated giving up farming and taking a wine store in the city—I went to the prisoner's office about the end of November and made known to him my wishes, and told him that the lease of my farm would expire on 25th March last—he said that he could find me something suitable and I engaged him to do so—early in December I saw him again, and he said he had heard of a place called the Horns, in Fetter Lane, and we went to look at it—he said he thought he could purchase it for me; I told him to do so if he could advantageously—he said that the price was about 2,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 2,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he did not always say the same price—he asked me if he could get it for 2,250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 2,300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., whether he might purchase it—I said very well, he was to do the best he could; the better he bought it the more he would have for himself—he said if he could get it for 2,200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 2,250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I ought to give him 100 guineas for his trouble, and I said "Very well"—I said I would pay him handsomely if he bought the thing well for me; he was acting as my agent—I received this letter from him of 11th December, 1877: "Dear Sir,—I hope to be able to give you some definite news to
<lb/>morrow or the next day as to whether or not the Horns can be purchased on terms that would suit you. I have taken considerable trouble in the matter, and have every hope of success, but it is very risky to allow people</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060030"/>
<p>to carry on a business after they are aware it will leave their hands at a fixed date," &c.—I cannot say whether I replied to that—I afterwards received this letter of 17th December: "Dear Sir,—I was in hopes all last week to be able to write you with a cut
<lb/>and-dried scheme for this place, but was unable to," &c.—I after
<lb/>wards received this letter of 19th December: "Dear Sir,—ReHorns. I fear, indeed I am almost certain, that the vendor will not take less than 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. deposit, more especially if they agree to delay the transfer and payment of the balance," &c.—I believe I had written him this letter the day before, dated 18th December—on 22nd December I wrote a letter in pencil to the prisoner, which is not produced—I also on that day received this letter from him: "Dear Sir,—Thanks for the turkey and apples, which I have no doubt will arrive in due course," &c.—on 27th December I received this letter from him. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated</hi>, "I am still working for the Horns. They require, first, a heavier deposit; secondly, a larger price; and thirdly, to complete on 1st January.") In reply to that I wrote this letter on 29th December: "I duly received your letter on my return from visiting my brother at Ashford," &c.—I afterwards received from the prisoner this letter, dated 1st January, 1878: "I have purchased the Horns—100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. deposit and 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in a week. It has been a touch-and-go case. It may please you to hear that yesterday I went to a house on which 4,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. has been spent, and it was remarked by a solicitor who was there at the time, 'What good stuff the place in Fetter Lane is selling now,'" &c.—I wrote this letter to the prisoner in reply in reference to the deposit: "J. Pensam, Esq., 50, Bow Lane, London—
<hi rend="italic">Re</hi> Horns—Dear Sir: I am in receipt of yours of this post, and will endeavour to meet it in some way. Let me have full particulars by return," &c.—"B. Powis" is in the extreme comer—I afterwards received this letter from the prisoner, dated 5th January, 1878: "Dear Sir,—The Horns. I have been compelled, as I will explain when I see you, to agree to complete on the 21st, and to make up the 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on Wednesday next. You must therefore come up on Tuesday or Wednesday morning," &c.—on 7th January I came up to London, and went to the office of my nephew, Mr. Bale, 20, Budge Row, who made a statement to me—I saw the prisoner there that day, and he said, "I have had 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from Manfred, but the trustee was not at home; you must be prepared with the 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by to-morrow or Wednesday"—I said, "All right, I shall be prepared"—he showed me the proceeds of Manfred's cheque, 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Bank of England note—I saw him again next day, the 8th, when he said, "I have fixed with the trustee for 12 o'clock to-morrow, and you must be there with the 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to make up the 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to pay the deposit. You must have the money ready, or the thing will go off"—he told me, as a reason for changing the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque, that the trustee would not take cheques; he would have either bank notes or gold—at 12 o'clock next day I went with my nephew and the prisoner to the office of the trustee, Mr. Ashdown, and then on to the office of the solicitor for the trustee—I had with me a 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and a 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Bank of England note—the prisoner went, into the inner office—I was in the outer office with my nephew, and I heard the prisoner ask one of the firm of solicitors to have the agreement ready, and to send it round to 50, Bow Lane the first thing to-morrow morning—that would be Thursday, the 10th—when he came out he said the agreement was not ready, and he had fixed for the next morning at ten o'clock, when the agreement was to be sent and the money paid over, and I was to be there at 10—I went accordingly, and the prisoner was not there—I was there from 10 o'clock to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060031"/>
<p>6 p.m.—while I was there the clerk to the solicitor of the trustee brought the agreement, and I read it—I then arranged with the prisoner's clerk to go there again the next day, Friday, when I again waited all day, off and on—on leaving, I met the prisoner on the stairs, and said to him, "Pensam, where have you been to?"—he said, "Oh, all right, old fellow; I have been at the Court; be here at 10 o'clock in the morning; I have put it right with the trustee"—I said, "Very well, I will be here, but it is very inconvenient; I want to be away home; you have kept me here two days"—I went the next day, the 12th, about 10 o'clock—the prisoner was not there, and I remained until about 12.30—his clerk knew what my business was—I then went home—on the 13th I wrote this letter to the prisoner. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Woodson, Tenbury, January 13th, 1878. Dear Sir,—You cannot delay the completion of the Horns; it must go," &c.—in reply to that I received this from the prisoner; "14th January, 1878. Dear Sir,—The Horns, As I anticipated, I received a communication from the solicitor on Saturday, couched in most peremptory terms, to complete at 11 o'clock on that day. I returned reply that I must have agreement left with me for a day, and would complete on Monday. The agreement was sent, and cannot be objected to. On going to Manfred he said he had the cash," &c.—I afterwards received this letter from him: "17th January, 1878. Dear Sir,—The Horns. Although I know of another house of a somewhat different trade, it is very desirable not to lose this, and although it has placed me in a very unpleasant and possibly losing position, I am anxious it should be secured. If you will send me the 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. balance by return of post, I still think I can secure it. I expected to receive a reply to my last"—I then wrote this letter to the prisoner: "January 18th, 1878. Dear Sir,—Herewith you will receive cheque, Thomas Baker 88
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. You must find the other 62
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to complete, &c." That letter contained this cheque (On
<hi rend="italic">the City of Worcester and County Banking Company, Limited. Drawn by T. R Baker in favour of Mr. Powis for</hi> 88
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">dated</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th January</hi>, 1878,
<hi rend="italic">and endorsed by Benjamin Powis</hi>.) In reply I received this letter: "19th January, 1878. Dear Sir,—Yours to hand. I note your request as to time. Being a short day I have not succeeded in seeing the other side, but will do so on Monday. Will then see Manfred, who perhaps will help me, &c." I afterwards received a letter from the prisoner of 28th January, and on 4th February I wrote this letter to him: "Dear Sir,—Re Horns. I am surprised you have not written me ere this, and returned the letters enclosed to you," &c. I got no reply to that letter until 11th February, when the prisoner wrote me this letter: "Dear Sir,—I have to apologise for not answering your letter. Absence in the country, subse
<lb/>quently laid up at home, and want of time, &c., prevented my replying, &c. I do not wish to give up the Horns yet if I can get it at a slight premium, I have another which I think will suit. I think as all the work was done for the Horns I ought to be allowed one-third of the fee; half to be allowed out of the commission of any other house I might find for you and you purchase." I replied on 15th February, 1878: "Dear Sir,—I cannot under
<lb/>stand your way of doing business. I again ask for my money. Yours truly, Benjamin Powis. P. S. Also return of Adams's two letters which you neglected altogether." I never got any reply to that letter, nor have I had a farthing of my money—I went to London, and repeatedly tried to see the prisoner—I spent nine days successively in trying to do so, but I never saw him between 11th January and 24th Apr I—prior to 24th April I had applied</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060032"/>
<p>at the Mansion House for a summons, which I obtained, and which was returnable on 24th April—on that day I was in my nephew's office in Budge Row when the prisoner called—he said "I am very sorry it has occurred, I hope you won't appear against me, and that you will forego this prosecution"—I said "Certainly not, the case is in the hands of the Lord Mayor and my solicitor, and I shall decline to interfere"—he promised to attend at the Mansion House—he then left—I attended at the Mansion House with my solicitor, but the prisoner was not there—there was a solicitor there to represent him, and the case was remanded until 3rd May—the prisoner was not there then, and it was remanded until the 4th, when he again did not appear, and the Lord Mayor granted a warrant for his apprehension—I had in December deposited 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. with my nephew Mr. Bale—the other cheque for 88
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. has been returned paid.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>. I have known the prisoner for a con
<lb/>siderable time—I asked him to find a wine store for me—the house was mentioned the first time—he had first called my attention to the Mitre in the Temple, for the purchase of which, I believe, he had entered into negotiations on my behalf—I became acquainted with the statistics of the Mitre, and several letters passed between the prisoner and me about its purchase—I was very anxious to get it—I don't recollect the price—I had not got the money ready for that, and it fell through—they asked more for it than it was worth—I then requested the prisoner to look out again for a house to suit me—I don't know that he went and inspected many houses with a view to their suiting me—my nephew, Mr. Bale, also undertook to look out for a house for me, and in December I deposited 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. with him—Bale and the prisoner were great friends—Bale was not to use the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. if he found a house—the prisoner was to buy the house, and Bale to have the money ready—Bale recommended the prisoner to me—I went and saw the Horns, and went thoroughly into the matter with the prisoner, and I believe I said the place would suit me to a T—the price agreed on was 2,275
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I was prepared to pay the deposit and 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. t February—the prisoner was to borrow the rest—he did not press me earnestly not to attempt to take the house if I could not carry it through, that I know of—I will not swear that he did not—I said "I will manage it somehow, for I am sure I shall do well there"—he told me that the former tenant was a man named Anderson, and that the place was for sale by the trustee in bankruptcy, a Mr. Ashdown—I believe he showed me some letters from him, and he told me the Horns was already under offer to other persons—I have no reason to doubt it—I never handed the 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to the solicitor for the trustee—when I was in the outer office I heard the prisoner talking about an agreement to be sent the next morning, but I cannot tell you the exact words—when I sent up the 88
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I had not that day the 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to pay, but Bale would have found the balance in a moment—I wrote and told the prisoner to find the other 62
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I don't know Mr. Ashdown—I know this case was to have come on last session, and was postponed at the prisoner's request—he certainly never made a tender to Ashdown of 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I did not see the lease of the Horns—the agreement is what the solicitor brought to Bow Lane on Thursday, 10th January—the prisoner wrote to me after he had received the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and the 88
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. with regard to other houses I believe—nothing was mentioned besides a house in the Strand to the best of my belief—the prisoner did not offer me 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. when he asked me to withdraw from the prosecution—I refused to accept the offer of the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I never had an offer of the whole.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060033"/>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I have acted under the advice of my solicitor from 24th April—the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was to be kept by Bale until something definite was found by the prisoner, and then it was to be applied to paying the deposit—the prisoner had said he could find 1, 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in the ordinary way from the brewers or distillers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-78" type="surname" value="BALE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-78" type="given" value="MANFRED POWIS"/>MANFRED POWIS BALE</persName> </hi>. I am an engineer, of 20, Budge Row, City—I am a nephew of Mr. Powis, and I know the prisoner, who has conducted legal business for me—I knew in December last of his being in treaty for the purchase of the Horns, and I saw him several times in reference to it—my uncle deposited 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. with me early in December for the purpose of its being handed over to the prisoner when some definite offer was made for a house—on 7th January the prisoner came to my office, and said "I have heard from your uncle, and he says you have 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in your possession, which I can have to pay a deposit on the Horns, it must be paid by 11o'clock"—this was soon after 10 a.m.—I said "Mr. Powis is coming up this afternoon; I would much rather you wait"—he said that 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. must be tendered by 11 o'clock or the matter would go off, and Mr. Powis would be 'in a great rage—I was informed that the Horns was in the legal possession of the trustee in bankruptcy of the late occupier—I said "Well, than, I will make out a cheque payable to the trustee"—he said "A cheque is no use, it must be tendered in money"—as I had received Mr. Powis's instructions to pay him I made him out this cheque payable to his order: "National Provincial Bank of England. Pay Mr. J. T. Pensam (re B Powis) 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—I made it payable to his order so that I should have his signature on the back—it has been returned cancelled—later in the day the prisoner came back to my office, and there saw Mr. Powis—I had then in my bank 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>, for the purpose of making up the deposit—it was drawn out the next day for the purpose of going to the trustee's office—we called there, and Went on to the trustee's solicitor—Mr. Powis had the 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. then in two notes—at the solicitor's office the prisoner went into the inner office, and Mr. Powis and I remained in the outer office—when the prisoner came out he said "The agreement is not ready—I have arranged that it be sent round to my office to-morrow at ten, and we can complete them"—there were endless appointments made—on 8th January the prisoner pulled a 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note out of his pocket and said "This is a 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note I have had for Manfred's cheque"—he came to my office on the 12th at about 12.30 or 1 o'clock and said "Is Mr. Powis gone?"—I said "Yes, he waited three days to see you"—he asked if I could stop him—I said "No, he is on the railway by now"—he said "Have you got the 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for me?"—I said "No, Mr. Powis has, I think"—he said "I will write to him"—I told him I did not understand his way of doing business—he then left—I saw him some days afterwards and asked him if he had completed the matter of the Horns—he said "No, it has been postponed; it is all right"—I said that he had better it complete at once or return Mr. Powis's money, or he would get into trouble—I saw him on numerous other occasions, and urged him to complete the purchase—he said "I have written to him about it"—he made numerous excuses—my uncle came up to town on several occasions, and I went with him to the prisoner's office and house, and made several appointments for the purpose of seeing him by telegram, letter, and messenger, which were all unsuccessful—he made no offer to me of the money—it was not my money—I think it was early in February that I went to the Bank of England to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060034"/>
<p>make inquiry about a 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, when I was shown one with the prisoner's endorsement—I then saw the prisoner, and said to him "You are a nice man to do business; it seems you changed the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note the very day Mr. Powis left London"—he said "Oh, no, I didn't; I kept it for some days after that"—I had not told him then that I had been to the bank—I said "I know that is false, because I know what notes and money you changed it into"—he gave an evasive answer—I again urged him most strongly to return the money—I said "For goodness sake return Mr. Powis his money, or complete the business, or else you will get into trouble"—I was at the office on the day the prisoner came there, when the summons was returnable—I heard him say he would attend at the Mansion House.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>. I believe he offered to send Mr. Powis his cheque for 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I cannot fix the date—Mr. Powis was not present</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-79" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-79" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>CHARLES JOHN WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I produce a 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note from the Bank of England, endorsed with the name of Pensam—it was changed at the bank on 12th January, 1878, into one 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, two 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-80" type="surname" value="INWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-80" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM INWARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>.) I arrested the prisoner on Monday, 16th May, in consequence of his not surrendering at the Mansion House—I had occasionally watched his house from Saturday—I saw him at 8.30 p.m. in Ball's Pond Road—I told him I was a detective, and that there was a warrant for his apprehension for fraud—I had seen the prisoner leave his residence, 43, Holly Street, Dalston, previous to this—he said "This is a bad job; can't you let me go, and I will surrender on Thursday"—I told him I could not, and that he would have to go to the City with me then—he said "I will come; I knew it must come to this sooner or later"—I took him to the station—I don't think he made any reply to the charge being read to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-81" type="surname" value="OUGHTON"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-81" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED OUGHTON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the employ of Messrs. Wilkins, of 19, King's Arms Yard—they were solicitors for the trustee in bankruptcy of the late occupier of the Horns, Alexander Anderson—Mr. Barlow eventually bought the business—the agreement was signed on 16th January, and a deposit of 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid on that day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>. It was paid to Mr. Wilkins—I was present—Mr. Ashdown was the trustee.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that there was no such direction in writing with regard to the two sums in question as was contemplated by</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">&</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">Vict. chap</hi>. 96,
<hi rend="italic">sec</hi> 75,
<hi rend="italic">and that the</hi> 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">had been deposited with Bale some time ante
<lb/>cedent for the purpose of his handing it over to the prisoner, and Bale parted with it to the prisoner by his cheque</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">See</hi> Reg.
<hi rend="italic">v</hi>. Tatlock),
<hi rend="italic">and that the</hi> 88
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">did not come within the statute, Mr. Powis having endorsed a cheque for that amount and requested the prisoner to find the other</hi> 62
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">therefore the paying of the deposit of</hi> 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">was conditional on the prisoner finding the</hi> 62
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">which it was not incumbent on him to do</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">See</hi> Reg.
<hi rend="italic">v</hi>. Christian, Law Reports, Vol.
<hi rend="largeCaps">II</hi>,1872-5.)
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">contended that the letter enclosing the</hi> 88
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">was one from which specific direction could be construed as to the application of that particular sum of money, and that throughout the whole of the case of</hi> Reg.
<hi rend="italic">v</hi>. Christian
<hi rend="italic">there was no specific direction by the lady for whom Christian was acting, and that the natural inference to be drawn in this case was that there was direction in writing as to both the sums in question. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that there was not a sufficient direction in writing with respect to the</hi> 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and that it would be safer to rely on the case raised by the</hi> 88
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">only</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-676-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-676-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-676-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780806-676-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-676-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-676-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-676-18780806 t18780806-676-punishment-11"/>Judgment Respited</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-677">
<interp inst="t18780806-677" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-677" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-677-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-677-18780806 t18780806-677-offence-1 t18780806-677-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060035"/>
<persName id="def1-677-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-677-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-677-18780806" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-677-18780806" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-677-18780806" type="given" value="JOHN BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BENJAMIN BAKER</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-677-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-677-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-677-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18780806-677-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-677-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-677-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18780806-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-83" type="surname" value="GOULD"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-83" type="given" value="HANNAH EMILY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-677-offence-1 t18780806-name-83"/>Hannah Emily Gould</persName>, his wife being alive.—</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-677-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-677-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-677-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-677-18780806 t18780806-677-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Months' Im
<lb/>prisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-678">
<interp inst="t18780806-678" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-678" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-678-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-678-18780806 t18780806-678-offence-1 t18780806-678-verdict-"/>
<persName id="def1-678-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-678-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18780806" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18780806" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-678-18780806" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM RICHARDS</hi> (39)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-678-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-678-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-678-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18780806-name-85">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-85" type="surname" value="HALLAM"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-85" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>Eliza Hallam</persName>, his wife being alive.—</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-678-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-678-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-678-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-678-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-678-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-678-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-678-18780806 t18780806-678-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Month' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18780806-name-86" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-86" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-86" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm Kerr</persName>, Esq</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-679">
<interp inst="t18780806-679" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-679" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-679-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-679-18780806 t18780806-679-offence-1 t18780806-679-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-679-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-679-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18780806" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18780806" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-679-18780806" type="given" value="ROBERT HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT HENRY GREEN</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-679-verdict-" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-679-verdict-" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-679-verdict-" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18780806-679-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-679-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-679-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>to breaking and entering the counting-house of
<persName id="t18780806-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-88" type="surname" value="DUTRULLE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-88" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-679-offence-1 t18780806-name-88"/>Peter Dutrulle</persName>, and stealing two books, an order for the payment of 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., his property.</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-679-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-679-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-679-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-679-18780806 t18780806-679-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">One Month's Im
<lb/>prisonment</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18780806-679-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-679-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-679-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-679-18780806 t18780806-679-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">, and Five Years' in a Reformatory</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-680">
<interp inst="t18780806-680" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-680" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-680-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-680-18780806 t18780806-680-offence-1 t18780806-680-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-680-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-680-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-680-18780806" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-680-18780806" type="surname" value="GAYLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-680-18780806" type="given" value="CHARLES THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES THOMAS GAYLER</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-680-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-680-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-680-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to uttering a forged registrar's certificate of his own death;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to feloniously endeavouring to obtain 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from the Hearts of Oak Benefit Society;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to obtaining 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from that society by false pretences.</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-680-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-680-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-680-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-680-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-680-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-680-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-680-18780806 t18780806-680-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-681">
<interp inst="t18780806-681" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-681" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-681-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-681-18780806 t18780806-681-offence-1 t18780806-681-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-681-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-681-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-681-18780806" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-681-18780806" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-681-18780806" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE LEWIS</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-681-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-681-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-681-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to bur
<lb/>glariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18780806-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-91" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-91" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-681-offence-1 t18780806-name-91"/>Henry Reed</persName> with intent to steal</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-681-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-681-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-681-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-681-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-681-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-681-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-681-18780806 t18780806-681-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>. And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-682">
<interp inst="t18780806-682" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-682" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-682-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-682-18780806 t18780806-682-offence-1 t18780806-682-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-682-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-682-18780806 t18780806-682-offence-1 t18780806-682-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-682-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-682-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-682-18780806" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-682-18780806" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-682-18780806" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED RUSSELL</hi> (18)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-682-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-682-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-682-18780806" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-682-18780806" type="surname" value="IRWIN"/>
<interp inst="def2-682-18780806" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK IRWNI</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-682-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-682-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-682-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> to unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18780806-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-94" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-94" type="given" value="ARTHUR THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-682-offence-1 t18780806-name-94"/>Arthur Thomas Lewis</persName> and another twenty yards of silk, with intent to defraud.—.</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-682-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-682-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-682-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780806-682-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-682-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-682-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-682-18780806 t18780806-682-punishment-18"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-682-18780806 t18780806-682-punishment-18"/>Judgment Respited</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-683">
<interp inst="t18780806-683" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-683" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-683-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-683-18780806 t18780806-683-offence-1 t18780806-683-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-683-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-683-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-683-18780806" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-683-18780806" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-683-18780806" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MAY</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-683-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-683-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-683-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of 33
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-96" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-96" type="given" value="RICHARD NEWNHAM"/>RICHARD NEWNHAM COLE</persName> </hi>. I am chief cashier in Messrs. Martin's bank—Colonel Honeywood banks there—on the afternoon of 30th June the prisoner presented this cheque for 33
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I examined it, and from what I saw I went to see Mr. Martin, who came out and asked the prisoner where Colonel Honeywood was—he said that he did not know—his second question was, "Where did you get the cheque from?"—the prisoner said, "A man out
<lb/>side"—I retained the cheque—the prisoner left the bank accompanied by Mr. Williams, a cashier.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-97" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-97" type="given" value="RICHARD WHEATELEY"/>RICHARD WHEATELEY WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am second cashier in Messrs Martin's bank—I heard the prisoner asked to fetch in the man who had given him a cheque—I followed him on his leaving the bank to Lombard Street, where he waited—I pointed him out to a constable—I then went to him and said, "Have you seen your friend?"—he stared, as if he did not understand me—I beckoned to the constable, who came up and told the prisoner what he was charged with—on the way to the station the constable said, "Do you know the man who gave you that cheque?"—the prisoner said, "I do not"</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I said at the police-court, "He was looking about him all the time, as if looking for somebody"—that is true.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-98" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-98" type="given" value="JOHN BIDDULPH"/>JOHN BIDDULPH MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I am a partner in the firm of Martin and Co., bankers, Lombard Street—Colonel Honeywood keeps an account there—I remember Mr. Cole bringing this cheque to me in the counting-house—I went out and asked the prisoner, "Did you come from Colonel Honeywood?" or to that effect, and "When did Colonel Honey wood give you that cheque?"—I knew Colonel Honeywood was in France—the prisoner made no reply—I said, "We should like you to sign your name at the back of the cheque"—he said the cheque was not his, but was given to him by a man in the street—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060036"/>
<p>said, "You had better go and fetch him in"—he left, and Mr. William went out with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. This is not what was said, "Do you know Mr. Honey
<lb/>wood?" "No," "Did Mr. Honeywood sign this cheque?" "I don't know"—I am certain of the purport of my questions, though I do not recollect the exact words.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-99" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-99" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE LLOYD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 613.) The prisoner was given into my custody by Mr. Williams for forging and uttering a cheque—I asked him on the way to the station if he should know the person who gave him the cheque—he said that he should not, as he had never seen him before—I asked his address—he said that he had none in London; he gave me an address in Bridge Street, Northampton—he said he had been in London one month, and then afterwards, two months.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-100" type="surname" value="HONEYWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-100" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM. HONEYWOOD</persName> </hi>. I live in Stanley-Street, Warwick Square—I bank at Messrs. Martin's—this signature is not mine—I have not authorised any one to sign this cheque—I do not know the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. "The policeman said, 'How long have you been in London, two months?' I said, 'No, one month.' I was standing near Covent Garden, when a man came up and said he wanted some men for a painting job, and made an appointment to meet me at the Angel, Islington. He met me with two others. We went to a public-house and had some ale. The two others left. The man pretended to be or was intoxicated, and on getting near the Bank he asked me to get the cheque cashed while he waited. I thought it was genuine, and did so, and was given in custody."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-683-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-683-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-683-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-684">
<interp inst="t18780806-684" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-684" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-684-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-684-18780806 t18780806-684-offence-1 t18780806-684-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-684-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-684-18780806 t18780806-684-offence-1 t18780806-684-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-684-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-684-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-684-18780806" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-684-18780806" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-684-18780806" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JONES</hi> (18)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-684-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-684-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-684-18780806" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-684-18780806" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="def2-684-18780806" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT YOUNG</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-684-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-684-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-684-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18780806-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-103" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-103" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-684-offence-1 t18780806-name-103"/>Joseph Roberts</persName>, and stealing a watch, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KELLY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-104" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-104" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I am a wholesale hosier, of Devonshire Road, Green
<lb/>wich—about 1.30 a.m. on Sunday, 14th July, I was in Garrick Street—I was pounced upon by five or six men and pushed backwards—I called out "Police!" and they came immediately—I then walked on alone towards the City—five minutes afterwards a constable came and asked me if I had lost anything—I searched and missed my watch, which I had carried in my waistcoat pocket without a chain—I recognised it at the station—I cannot identify the prisoners—this is the watch—it had no bow.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-105" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-105" type="surname" value="EUDACOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-105" type="given" value="BOWDEN"/>BOWDEN EUDACOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 115.) About 1.40 a.m. on 14th July I was on duty in King Street—I heard cries of "Murder! Police!"—I went towards Garrick Street—when I got there I saw four or five men, who had. got the prosecutor against a wall as if they were choking him—they saw me, and ran away—I caught Young; I did not lose sight of him—I took him back to look for the prosecutor, and then took him to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Young</hi>. You were not ten yards from me from the time I saw you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-106" type="surname" value="HARMER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-106" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED HARMER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 67.) About 1.40 on this morning I was on duty in Tavistock Street—I saw Jones and another not in custody, run
<lb/>ning towards me from Southampton Street—I tried to stop them—Jones ran the other way—I ran after him, and overtook him in Maiden Lane, and threw him on the footway—he immediately threw this watch from his left hand into the road—Constable 95 picked it up.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060037"/>
<hi rend="italic">Jones's Defence</hi>,. I heard a gentleman call "Police" and went and saw the prosecutor with five or six men round him pulling the tail of his coat The watch fell on the ground; I picked it up, and the boys came after, me; and when I saw the prosecutor running after the boys I ran away with them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-684-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-684-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-684-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780806-684-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-684-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-684-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-684-18780806 t18780806-684-punishment-19"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-684-18780806 t18780806-684-punishment-19"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment each</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-685">
<interp inst="t18780806-685" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-685" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-685-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-685-18780806 t18780806-685-offence-1 t18780806-685-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-685-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-685-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-685-18780806" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-685-18780806" type="surname" value="HIGGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-685-18780806" type="given" value="RICHARD WILLIAM HENRY PAGET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD WILLIAM HENRY PAGET HIGGS</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-685-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-685-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-685-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlaw
<lb/>fully obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18780806-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-108" type="surname" value="SIEMENS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-108" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-685-offence-1 t18780806-name-108"/>Charles William Siemens</persName> and others 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., with intent to defraud.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi> for obtaining other sums by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-109" type="surname" value="SABINE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-109" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED SABINE</persName> </hi>. I live at Dulwich, and am chief book-keeper at Messrs., Siemens', telegraph engineers, in London and Charlton—they employ about. 1000 men—the prisoner was chief electrician and, chemist, at a salary of 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—he made; experiments and Sent in weekly accounts—I produce these accounts from May, 1877, to May, 1878, also the prisoner's receipts for the amounts—I have looked through the accounts—about every alternate one contains a claim for xanthine, amounting in all to 648lb., some of it being crude xanthine—the prisoner has also during the same period charged for 2,317lb. of re-distilled mercury—paid those claims on the faith of the truth of these accounts—I did not know what xanthine was—on 25th May, 1877 I got his receipt for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for extra monthly account</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. The 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was given to start the account—I do not know how you were to obtain the materials—there are several items for railway fares between London and Woolwich—I do not recollect calling your attention to the fact of your charging third-class fares.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-110" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-110" type="surname" value="LEFFLER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-110" type="given" value="LUDWING"/>LUDWING LEFFLER</persName> </hi>. I am general manager for Messrs. Siemens' telegraph business—I have been there twenty years—I recollect the prisoner having 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to buy materials for experiments about May, 1877—upon, seeing his accounts I found a number of charges for xanthine and re-distilled mer
<lb/>cury—I asked him for an explanation—he said he wanted xanthine for testing—the purity of gutta-percha and india-rubber, and the mercury for pathometer experiments—I knew experiments were being carried on, and was satisfied—as the charges continued, I said I should prefer his buying the materials at such places as he could produce, vouchers from, and he promised to do so as far as he could for the future—he said he could get the materials of better quality and at at less price, of chemists who were his friends; but I objected to that—the charges continued till he was suspended, and about a week afterwards he was sent for to the office—I asked him to give the names of the parties who supplied the re-distilled mercury—he said it was distilled at separate places, and he could not for them moment name then—I said "Surely you can give me the name of one—he said What are your credentials?"—I was put out, as I thought that was an impudent answer—he said he had re-distilied the mercury at his own laboratory—he gave me no name of any chemist and produced no voucher—I did not know what xanthine was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. A pathometer contains about 1/2cwt. of mercury—I knew you were instructed by Mr. William Siemens to carry on experiments—you were generally alone, as the head of a department—I never saw xanthine in your rooms—I do not spend much time in each department, nor go into details, as the men have my confidence—you resigned—you claimed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060038"/>
<p>a bonus and received 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner here put in a letter to him from Messrs. Siemens of March</hi> 13, 1877,
<hi rend="italic">containing this passage</hi>: "We are quite of opinion that, considering the amount of work devolving upon you in our interests, the time has now arrived when the private work undertaken by you should be discontinued as far as possible. We take this opportunity of expressing our satisfaction at the zealous and efficient manner in which you have carried on your duties.") You Were permitted to do private work, but we thought it was necessary you should discontinue it—as far as I know you did not discontinue it—the letter asking you to call accused you of dis
<lb/>honesty—you probably complained of being ill—within the last six months you always did so when asked to do your duty—you said you required time to answer our questions—we arranged for you to call the following Monday—Carl Siemens was in the room—he did not say "I must consult my brother and let you know"—we did not hear from you on the Monday—you were arrested ten days after the interview—you never told me that the experi
<lb/>ments were to reduce the inductive capacity of gutta-percha—you made ex
<lb/>periments to test the nature of the material in the beginning of 1877.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-111" type="surname" value="IMRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-111" type="given" value="HAROLD"/>HAROLD IMRAY</persName> </hi>. I live at 5, George Street, Woolwich—I have been in Messrs. Siemens' firm four years—in 1877 I was sub-electrician under the prisoner at Charlton—most chemicals passed under my hands—no distilled mercury passed under my hands, certainly not 2, 317lb. of it—I have seen 40 lb. only used—I lived at the same residence as the prisoner for a year-no mercury was distilled there—he had no laboratory there—I saw no bottle labelled "Xanthine"—he asked me about three months ago if I knew what xanthine was—I said, I thought it was a coal-tar product, but would look it up and see.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I held a similar position of assistant before I came to you—your chemical knowledge is superior to mine—I do not know why you asked my opinion—I remember a bottle being broken, and some chloride of carbon being spilled—I am sure it was not xanthine—I did not undertake chemical work for you at your house—I know you had Hopkins's price list.
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. This conversation occurred about three months before the prisoner's arrest—the prisoner agreed that xanthine was a coal tar product—I did not know xanthine was a chemical curiosity, and worth 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. an ounce—I knew the contents of most of the bottles in the prisoner's room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-112" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-112" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>THOMAS WILLIAM DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I am engaged in the condensing department of Messrs. Mercer, of Bishopsgate Street—xanthine is an organic compound, rarely found in the diseased livers of horses—its value is 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. an ounce—I have tried, but can find no use for it—it is a chemical curiosity—I only know of three samples of it—Dr. Bence Jones has some, and there is some in St Bartholomew's Hospital.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. It appears in Hopkins's price list, to fill up—it is there quoted at 40
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a drachm—the word xanthine does not express its properties—it comes from
<hi rend="italic">Xanthos</hi>, golden, and is of a yellow colour—I know a yellow dye, but the word xanthine is not applied to anything else that I know.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-113" type="surname" value="JACOB"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-113" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK. JACOB</persName> </hi>. I am an electrician, employed by Messrs. Siemens—I recollect at the end of 1876 or early in 1877 some experiments being made with reference to a pathometer and an attraction meter—the experiments were finished about April, 1877—I was not supplied with any material by the prisoner after April for those experiments—the experiments were made with ordinary mercury, obtained by signed orders, and not from the prisoner.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060039"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. You supplied mercury to Mr. Bamber, in conjunction with myself—as far as I know you never professed to supply distilled mercury—you expressed dissatisfaction with your position many times—I do not remember whether you ever asked me what xanthine was—I do not know that it has been applied to several things.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-114" type="surname" value="OBACH"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-114" type="given" value="EUGENE"/>EUGENE OBACH</persName> </hi>. I have been analytical chemist to Messrs. Siemens since May, 1877—since that time I know of no mercury being sent off the premises for the purpose of distillation—I purified what mercury I required purified—the prisoner has asked me for mercury, a pound or two at a time—mercury loses by evaporation when distilled—it leaks through the apparatus—I saw no xanthine in the prisoner's possession.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I have studied the properties of gutta-percha since 1877—I was previously unacquainted with its nature—I was appointed to assist you—I am aware that the specific inductive capacity of gutta-percha may be modified by the addition of various chemicals—a gutta-percha of low induc
<lb/>tive capacity is supplied by Messrs Willoughby—Messrs. Siemens do not supply similar material—they have made experiments to obtain gutta-percha of low inductive capacity—very little information about gutta-percha is given in books, and the little that is known is confined to specialists—a practical man would not publish what he knows—Professor Wheatstone used mercury standards of electrometrical force, the mercury for Which would have to be purified, not exactly distilled—that is one way of purifying it—if you distilled and re-distilled mercury, there would be a corresponding loss of material—if you started with 50lb., and distilled it 40 times, you would charge it as 50lb. of mercury re-distilled 40 times—you carried on some of your work in secrecy—I came into. your room about once a month—I com
<lb/>plained to Mr. Loeffler that you wanted confidence in me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I see charges in these accounts of mercury re-distilled on 14th and 21
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. t January of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>—mercury is 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a lb.—I do not know what price is paid per lb. for distillation—those amounts are payments for re-distillation.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-115" type="surname" value="RISCH"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-115" type="given" value="GUSTAVE"/>GUSTAVE RISCH</persName> </hi>. I am superintendent in Messrs. Siemens' instrument department—I worked with the prisoner in constructing and designing instruments—I was almost daily in his room—no mercury was sent away for distillation to my knowledge, nor brought back—I never saw any re-distilled mercury in his room—there is no necessity for mercury for batteries to be re-distilled to the extent the prisoner has charged.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I am aware of Wheatstone's standard, and Clarke and other's new methods—there might have been a Daniel's apparatus there, but it would not require tons of mercury to be re-distilled for it—I did not see it—a few ounces of mercury would fill a cell—Daniel's element contains no mercury at all—the gutta-percha was not my department, I do not know what you did as to that—we all worked on good terms—you seemed to know what you were doing—when I asked you a question you sometimes took a day or two to answer, but I got the information I desired.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-116" type="surname" value="ESLAU"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-116" type="given" value="PAUL"/>PAUL ESLAU</persName> </hi>. I was employed by Messrs Sieman and worked with the prisoner in the gutta-percha experiments during 1877-8—no xanthine was used to my knowledge and no chemicals at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I am not a chemist—you would not give me chemicals to use—I never heard you mention the name of xanthine.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HAROLDIMRAY</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the Prisoner</hi>.) You have told me to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060040"/>
<p>keep work secret from Obach and Risch on one or two occasions—some of the weekly sums were paid to me and handed to you—you made no secret about it—I understood they were for expenses—about 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. b of mercury would be contained in the small and 12lb in the large cell of a Daniel’s element—I made an experiment under your instructions with 1/2lb. of mercury in one of our small cells—I was not with you on Saturday afternoons or Sundays, I have been once or twice—I left on Saturday and returned on Sunday evening—I have seen what you called insulating compounds in you room—you did not tell me the constitution of them—you made them—you did literary work—I do not know how it paid—I heard you express your dissatisfaction with your engagement with Sieman—you complained of being ill, but I do not remember whether you said it was caused by inhalation of mercury wapour—you may have done so.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I saw the papers sent from the prisoner to Sabine—I was aware of the contents, of them—upon seeing the papers I gave information.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-117" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-117" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL BROOKS</persName> </hi> I am battery man, and assistant to the prosecutors—I and Wellard only worked for the prisoner—I recollect no mercury being distilled while I was his assistant from 1876 to the and of 1877—I took none to be re-distilled.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi> I know nothing about these accounts—I was your assistant then—you showed me some letter that you wished conveyed—you never told me to keep anything privately—you had a screen put up, I do not know the purpose—I have strained and cleaned ordinary mercury for you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-118" type="surname" value="WELLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-118" type="given" value="THOMAS GEORGE"/>THOMAS GEORGE WELLARD</persName> </hi>. I am employed by the prosecutors—from May, 1877, to 1878 I was assistant to the prisoner—no mercury was distilled, to my knowledge—I filtered 30lb. for Mr. Bamber—I never took any off the premises for distillation.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the prisoner</hi>: I remember taking some mercury from a pot, and Mr. Bamber wanted some for a pathometer—I filtered it and took it to Mr. Richardson’s department.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-119" type="surname" value="MICHEL"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-119" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK MICHEL</persName> </hi>. I am storekeeper in the insulator battery department of Messrs, Siemens—on 8th March 1877, I supplied the prisoner with 75lb. of memory on his order—I have not supplied any to him since—I de not know what became of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMASHURST</hi>. I am goods receiving clerk for the prosecutors and receive all goods except for the insulator department—I receive all goods for the prisoner’s department—I never received any xanthine for him nor mercury for him to distil—I produce the books to refer to if necessary—I know of no mercury being sent away to be re distilled—anything sent out would have to come back to me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cress-examined</hi>. A watchman us at the gate, who would stoop any one with a percel—if they asked for you then he would content them there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-120" type="surname" value="ALLESON"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-120" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW ALLESON</persName> </hi>. I took from Sabine the prisoner’s moneys, and got receipts from the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-121" type="surname" value="WEEKS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-121" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WEEKS</persName> </hi>, In 1887-8 I paid the prisoner moneys given to me for that purpose, and took receipts from him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-122" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-122" type="given" value="THOMAS PETER BRUCE"/>THOMAS PETER BRUCE WARREN</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Hoopr, cable manufacturers, and have-a great deal of experience in cable manufacturers—gutta percha has two properties, insulation and inductive capacity—there</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060041"/>
<p>are methods known for reducing inductive capacity, but they are kept strictly secret—if you were conducting such experiments you would keep them secret—there is a material called xanthin, a product of anthracine, the only difference in the spelling being in the final e—I have not made the experi
<lb/>ment whether it would reduce the inductive capacity of gutte percha—if you said so I could not contradict you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>. Xanthin is about 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a pound—that in dearer than anthracine—it is purchased of Burt, Bolton, and Haywood, dis
<lb/>tillers of tar—that is the only firm I know where it can be got because they are large manipulstors of tar.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELINT</hi>. I am manager to Messrs Butt, upholsterers; of Wool
<lb/>wich—I supplied you with furniture—I have moved your furniture twice—I have seen a chemical apparatus at your house—I have seen you at work: there in connection with electricity—I removed an apparatus for you form Charlton to London—I have never known you live extravagantly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Mr. Carl Siemens and Mr. Gillousby being called did not appear. Witness in Reply</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-123" type="surname" value="BRODDER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-123" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BRODDER</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Bolton and Haywood—I do not know xanthin—I have heard Mr. Warren’s evidence—there are other makers, but we are the largest makers of anthracine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner in his defence stated that the charges were</hi> bona fide,
<hi rend="italic">and that the experiments being secret he was powerless to bring all the evidence forward as to the materials used and where obtained from, that the mercury was reduced in re-distillation and so would not agree with the accounts as to quan
<lb/>tity, and that he had not lived extravagantly and had</hi> 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">a year altogether, and no inducement to commit the offence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-685-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-685-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-685-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, August</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lindley</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-686-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-686-18780806" type="age" value="70"/>
<interp inst="def1-686-18780806" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-686-18780806" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GRANT</hi> (70)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-686-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-686-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-686-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> Feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t18780806-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-125" type="surname" value="BRENCHLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-125" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-686-offence-1 t18780806-name-125"/>James Brenchley</persName>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SAFFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution: and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. BANDON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-126" type="surname" value="BRENCHLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-126" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BRENCHLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 1., Marlow Cottages, Twickenham—on Sunday, 14th July about 3.30 in the afternoon, I was bathing with two other boys, from Mr. Hall’s field, in the River Crane, which is a narrow stream running into the Thames; we were undressed and out of the water, when I saw the prisoner come along Mr. Menn’s filed on the other side of the river with a gun—he said we had no business there we said had leave—he said we had not—he said we had better be quick and dress our
<lb/>selves—we said we were dressing as quick as we could, and were going—I was just going to get my clothes as he fired—I was naked—he said he would pull the trigger if we did not go—I saw him point the gun at me—I was then about 40 or 50 yards from him—I am and hid behind an iron thing—I was shot in them neck and shoulder and the front part of my left thigh—the other boys pulled the shots out—I then dressed myself and went home—I was examined by a doctor next morning—the prisoner was given in custody that might.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I was not aware than the prisoner was conting to warm us off—I was about 8 or 9 yards from him at first, and I ran away and was 40 or 50 yards from him when he fired, trying to hide behind an iron trough</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060042"/>
<p>that the horses drink out of—most of the shots were in front—I was running sideways and looking back—the shots went into my flesh under the skin; I could see them—I pulled some out with my finger-nail—I bled a little—I used no bad language to the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-127" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HARMAN</persName> </hi>. I live at Twickenham—I was bathing with Brench
<lb/>ley, and the prisoner and his wife came along and asked what business we had there—Brenchley said we had leave from Mr. Hall—the prisoner swore at us and called us b—liars—Brenchley said he was a liar—he said "If you are not off I will pull the trigger"—I and Brenchley ran away, the other boy was in the other field—the prisoner held the gun up to his shoulder—we were between 40 and 50 yards from him—Brenchley ran to get behind an iron tank, and I ran to get behind the hedge—I heard the discharge—Brenchley came up to us and said he was shot—he showed us some wounds; he was bleeding a little—I helped to take the shots out and we threw them away; they were No. 5 shot, I think, used for sparrows, like those produced.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. As soon as the shots were extracted Brenchley put on his clothes and went home—he was not put to bed—he seemed worse next day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-128" type="surname" value="REDSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-128" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER REDSTONE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 435.) I took the prisoner into custody at his house on the Sunday night—I told him the charge—he said he could not have hurt the boy, as he had no shot in the gun—Brenchley, who was with me, said "I had six shot wounds on me"—the prisoner said "A good job if you had twenty"—in going to the station he said "I fired at a black
<lb/>bird; I did not see the boys"—I found this gun, powder, flask, and shot
<lb/>flask at the prisoner's house, and five shot in a bag in a drawer, marked No. 5—there was powder in the flask, but no shot in the shot-bag—he said he had been using the gun during the afternoon scaring birds.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I have known the prisoner very well for seven years about the place—I know nothing against him—I believe he has been there many years longer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-129" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-129" type="given" value="OWEN ROBERTS"/>OWEN ROBERTS THOMAS</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon at Twickenham—I examined Brenchley on Monday morning, 15th July—he had six small round super
<lb/>ficial wounds, and was suffering from a nervous shock, being frightened—the shots had just penetrated the cuticle.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. If he had had his clothes on, I don't think the shots would have touched him, except his neck—I should not think they were spent shots.</p>
<rs id="t18780806-686-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-686-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-686-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18780806-686-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-686-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-686-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-686-18780806 t18780806-686-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, August</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.
<hi rend="italic">For the case of Frederick Nicholson, tried this day, see Essex Cases</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, August</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18780806-name-130" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-130" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-130" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm Kerr</persName>, Esq</hi>.</p>
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<interp inst="t18780806-687" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-687" type="date" value="18780806"/>
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<persName id="def1-687-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-687-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-687-18780806" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-687-18780806" type="surname" value="FERGUSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-687-18780806" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN FERGUSON</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-687-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-687-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-687-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18780806-687-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-687-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-687-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> to burglariously break
<lb/>ing and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18780806-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-132" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-132" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-687-offence-1 t18780806-name-132"/>William Page</persName> and stealing two lockets and other goods, after a conviction of felony in March, 1874.—</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-687-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-687-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-687-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-687-18780806 t18780806-687-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-688">
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<interp inst="t18780806-688" type="date" value="18780806"/>
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<persName id="def1-688-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-688-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-688-18780806" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-688-18780806" type="surname" value="WALMISLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-688-18780806" type="given" value="PAUL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PAUL WALMISLEY</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-688-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-688-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-688-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> to breaking and enter
<lb/>ing the warehouse of
<persName id="t18780806-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-134" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-134" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-688-offence-1 t18780806-name-134"/>Jacob Levy</persName> and another and stealing 6 dozen fur trim
<lb/>mings and other goods, their property, having been before convicted,</rs> to which he pleaded
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-688-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-688-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-688-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 458.)</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18780806-689" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-689" type="date" value="18780806"/>
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<persName id="def1-689-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-689-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-689-18780806" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-689-18780806" type="surname" value="HAMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-689-18780806" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HAMPSON</hi> (26)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-689-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-689-18780806" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-689-18780806" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-689-18780806" type="surname" value="GLOVER"/>
<interp inst="def2-689-18780806" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH GLOVER</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-689-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-689-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-689-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully conspiring to obtain 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. by false pretences.—</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-689-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-689-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-689-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Both pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAMPSON</hi>
<rs id="t18780806-689-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-689-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-689-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-689-18780806 t18780806-689-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Months', and</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GLOVER</hi>
<rs id="t18780806-689-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-689-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-689-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-689-18780806 t18780806-689-punishment-23"/>
<hi rend="italic">One Month's Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18780806-690" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-690" type="date" value="18780806"/>
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<persName id="def1-690-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-690-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-690-18780806" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-690-18780806" type="surname" value="RYAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-690-18780806" type="given" value="JAMES ALOYSIUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ALOYSIUS RYAN</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-690-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-690-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-690-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 1 box, 2 shirts, 3 pairs of trousers, and other goods of
<persName id="t18780806-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-138" type="surname" value="KEATING"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-138" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-690-offence-1 t18780806-name-138"/>Michael Keating</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM HEPGRAVE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Poliecman</hi> 310
<hi rend="italic">V</hi>.) I took the prisoner in High Street, Mortlake, on 22nd July, in consequence of information I received from a cabman—I said "I shall take you in custody for stealing a box from the Great Western Railway, at Paddington"—he said "I did not steal the box; but I will show you where it is"—I accompanied him to his master's place in Mortlake—I saw this box; I opened it, and said "Is that all the clothes that belong to the box?"—he put in some more—I asked him if that was all, he said "No; I gave my brother a coat and shirt"—I went to his brother's house and saw his brother's wife, who gave me the coat and shirt, and in the prisoner's presence said that he gave them to her—on 30th July, after the prisoner was committed for trial, I went to 1, Martha Place again and obtained a coat and shirt and two collars, the prosecutor's property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-139" type="surname" value="KEATING"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-139" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL KEATING</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of 34, North William Street, Cardiff—on 16th July I was a passenger from Ireland to Cardiff—I had this box—I saw the prisoner when I was on the steamer—I did not speak to him—I told the porter at New Milford to label my box—I did not travel in the same carriage as the prisoner—I missed my box at Cardiff; it has been since shown to me by the police and I identified the articles in it—a shirt is missing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I saw the prisoner telegraph to London at Milford to his brother to meet him at the station—I heard him give his address; I do not remember it—I was standing by the door—I saw my box safe last at Milford—I did not see it labelled—I next saw it in London—I went to the railway company's office at Cardiff to see if it was there—I did not speak to the prisoner at Milford.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-140" type="surname" value="HARTLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-140" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HARTLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at Swansea, and am a guard in the service of the Great Western Railway—on 16th July I was guard of the 2.15 train from Llandeau to Paddington—I was in the Milford van—there were three boxes in the van—this is one; it had a cord on, but not all round—I saw the three boxes at Paddington; the prisoner was standing by them—one was a flat box, the other an oval trunk—this one was labelled "New Milford to Paddington."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. It is an ordinary box that most of these Irishmen have when they come over.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-141" type="surname" value="NELMS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-141" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM NELMS</persName> </hi>. I live at 241, Latimer Road, and am a passenger porter employed to carry luggage between Paddington and Bishop's Road station—on 16th July I was on the arrival platform when the 8.55 train arrived from New Milford—I saw the prisoner standing by this box; he asked me the way to Hammersmith, as he wanted to go to Mortlake—I told him I would take him to Bishop's Road, and there was a charge for it—he asked me to take his three boxes, and I took them and labelled them on to Hammersmith.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-142" type="surname" value="SANITY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-142" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SANITY</persName> </hi>. I live at 42, Ceylon Road, West Kensington Park, and am a porter at Hammersmith station—on the evening of 16th July I was on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060044"/>
<p>duty, and the prisoners said to me “Those three boxes for a cab”—I went to a cab and put them in it—this is one of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-143" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-143" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY ABBOTT</persName> </hi>. I live at Hammersmith, and was there with a cab on the evening of 16th July, when the prisoner came with three boxes and asked me to take them to Mortlake; this is one of them—no one was with him.</p>
<rs id="t18780806-690-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-690-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-690-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy, on account of the carelessness of the rail
<lb/>way officials.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18780806-690-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-690-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-690-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-690-18780806 t18780806-690-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months’ Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Friday, August</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Field</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780806-691">
<interp inst="t18780806-691" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-691" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-691-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-691-18780806 t18780806-691-offence-1 t18780806-691-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-691-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-691-18780806 t18780806-691-offence-1 t18780806-691-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-691-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-691-18780806 t18780806-691-offence-2 t18780806-691-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-691-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-691-18780806 t18780806-691-offence-2 t18780806-691-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-691-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-691-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-691-18780806" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-691-18780806" type="surname" value="RYAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-691-18780806" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM RYAN</hi> (31)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-691-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-691-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-691-18780806" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-691-18780806" type="surname" value="LEVERSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-691-18780806" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY LEVERSON</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-691-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-691-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-691-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>, Unlaw
<lb/>fully conspiring to kill and murder
<persName id="t18780806-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-146" type="surname" value="COUCH"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-146" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-691-offence-1 t18780806-name-146"/>William Edward Couch</persName> and
<persName id="t18780806-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-147" type="surname" value="COUSINS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-147" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-691-offence-1 t18780806-name-147"/>Charles Cousins</persName>, and soliciting
<persName id="t18780806-name-148">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-148" type="surname" value="JACOBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-148" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>Frederick Jacobson</persName> to commit the like offence. </rs>
<persName id="def3-691-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-691-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-691-18780806" type="surname" value="RYAN"/>
<interp inst="def3-691-18780806" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RYAN</hi> </persName> was also charged, together with
<persName id="def4-691-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-691-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-691-18780806" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def4-691-18780806" type="surname" value="CLIFFORD"/>
<interp inst="def4-691-18780806" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY CLIFFORD</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-691-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-691-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-691-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, with assaulting Couch and Cousins and causing them actual bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TICKELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AUSTINMETCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-151" type="surname" value="COUCH"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-151" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>WILLIAM EDWARD COUCH</persName> </hi>. I am captain of the Argosy, belonging to Mr. Friend, of Plymouth; she is a British ship sailing under the British flag—on 14th January last she was at Port Adelaide, Australia—I there shipped the prisoners as able seamen, Ryan as boatswain—I paid them wages in advance; Clifford and Leverson 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each, and Ryan 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—they joined on 4th February—on 11th, as I was going ashore in the boat, I saw the point of a knife sticking through the stern of the ship—on the 12th Leverson came and wanted to know what I was going to have done to the sides of the ship—I asked what he meant—he said the ship was making water—I told him she was thoroughly staunch and strong and in every way seaworthy to perform the voyage, and he should attend to his duty and not interfere with mine—after that a note came to my hands which Leverson had written to the merchants; I showed it to him and he acknowledged that he had written it—this is it. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: “To Messrs. Caner and Gay. Gentlemen—Having been informed that a member of the firm visited the schooner Argosy to draw the conclusion of the amount of water that vessel made, I think it my duty to inform you that he has been trumped, and in this manner; after the survey was held yesterday afternoon, the captain made great haste to shift the cargo to take the list out of the vessel so that the seam that made water might not be under water. I must also state that there are several butts which you can stick your knife into as far as the hilt; all round the stern you can see daylight through the seams. If you wish to assure yourselves of the ship make a thorough examination of her. Yours truly, Incognita.”) I consider that the ship was fit to go to sea—there is the surveyor’s report there; she was a new ship—she was surveyed the day before by two surveyors, and they reported her thoroughly seaworthy—on 18th February, about 6 a.m., we were in the Adelaide roadstead, off the semaphore, three miles from the shore; Ryan came to me on the poop and said “Captain, I want to go ashore”—I said “For what purpose? ”—he said “I am sick, and I want to see the Magistrate”—I told him he should go to his duty in a quiet manner—he repeated “I want to go and see a Magis
<lb/>trate”—I told him that I was the Magistrate there—he thereupon struck me with his right fist—I took hold of him with both hands and said "What!</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060045"/>
<p>you strike me?"—I called Cousins, the mate, who-was to leeward of the mizen mast, and told him to hold Ryan till I got the handcuffs—Cousins took hold of him and he struck me again—I gave him to the mate and went and got the handcuffs and put them on him, and he went forward—about 8 a.m. I sent the mate forward to tell Ryan to come aft to me; the mate returned and told me he would not come—I then walked forward and said "Ryan, I want you for a few minutes, please"—he began to abuse me; he said he would murder me and used other imprecations and expressions that I cannot remember now—I then went aft and went ashore in the boat and sent a police officer on board to arrest Ryan—he was taken before a Magistrate and a sentence was passed upon him, but I requested that he should be sent on board, and he was sent on board under arrest—he had been boatswain up to that time, I then disrated him, and put William Glanville in his place—the ship sailed on 20th February—on the 21
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. t Ryan was continually using threatening expressions upon myself, the ship, and those in charge—on the night of the 26th a quantity; of cooking utensils were thrown overboard, and we stopped the coffee; that was not as a punishment, coffee was served afterwards; through the cooking utensils being thrown over we could not or did not serve any more, unless we had put extra labour on the steward; the men had the allowance of coffee served out weekly and they could make their coffee if so minded in a pannikin; the coffee pot was thrown overboard—on 4th March I found that the flying-jib had been cut away—on 6th I spoke to Leverson about steering badly—I requested him to keep the ship her course, she was ranging off her course from 1 to 5 1/2; points—he replied with a lot of cool insolence, I cannot recollect the expressions; I have forgotten; this
<hi rend="italic">educated</hi> insolence we don't understand, not to keep it in our heads for a con
<lb/>siderable time—on the 10th I again requested him to keep the ship her course—he said she would not steer—I said she would, and told him to put the helm down—he did not do it at first; I ordered him a second time and he did not care to do it then, and I put it down myself—on 24th March Ryan was in charge of the wheel, he ran away from the wheel, leaving no one there, to aid and abet Leverson to fight with West, another seaman—. the mate sang out to him to go back; he did go back in about two minutes—on 23rd April, about 2 a.m., when we were off the Cape of Good Hope, the mate told Clifford to haul tight the lee jib sheets—Clifford told him to go to hell—I went to see how the compass was, and as I returned I saw the mate on the deck scrambling towards me—Nash, the steward, came out of the cabin, and I gave the mate into his charge; he was bleeding; he made a complaint to me—on 11th May, at I am., I went forward and found Clifford asleep; he should have been on the look-out—I woke him up and cautioned him that that was no sort of a way to keep a look-out—he said he got up every five minutes or so—some time after that, after we had passed the line, in consequence of a complaint the mate made to me, I went forward to Ryan and asked why he did not attend to his duty in keeping a look-out—he said he did keep a look-out—I said the house was no piece to keep a look-out in, and asked why he was so insubordinate and insolent to the mate—he said he would plug the mate's nose—on 10th June I heard him say to the mate "You old b—, if you came here again I will take you by the breeches and throw you overboard"—Ryan was at the wheel and the mate was walking the poop, and went aft to look at the compass—on 28th June,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060046"/>
<p>at 10.45 a.m., I was awoke by a disturbance on deck—I went on deck, and Ryan came running aft, saying that Clifford had threatened to murder him, and he wanted me to put Clifford in irons, saying "That is the man that cut your jib, captain; that is the man that struck the mate"—Clifford replied "That is the man that was going to sell your hawsers, captain; that is the man that cut the ropes" (speaking of Ryan) "and threw things overboard"—in fact, he said a great deal which I cannot remember now—I told them to go to their duty, and at 12 o'clock I would give them a hearing—at 12 I could not call them; but at 1.30 I called them aft to know what their com
<lb/>plaint was—they had very little to say; I could not give you the exact words; I think it is in the log, but I would not be certain—the ship arrived in London on Saturday, 6th July, and the mate, in my presence, gave Ryan and Clifford into custody—Levereon was given in charge on the Monday through the declaration made by Jacobson—he had previously left the ship—I was at Arbour Square, and heard Jacobson make a statement before the Magistrate there; it was after that that he was taken into custody—during the voyage from Port Adelaide to London the mate made complaints to me on several occasions.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. Leverson was not at Arbour Square for the purpose of preferring a charge against me—I have received three summonses for assault, not at that time, it was some time after—Ryan was one I was summoned for assaulting—Leverson might have been one; I really can't remember; I took very little notice of it (
<hi rend="italic">There were five summonses produced, three for wages due</hi>—25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to Leverson</hi>, 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d. to Clifford, and</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to Ryan—and two for assaults on Leverson and Ryan</hi>.) The Magistrate declined to hear those summonses until this case was finished—I did not stop anywhere on the way from Port Adelaide to London—I did not stop at St. Helena; we went close by; it is in our course—I did not think it worth while to make any complaint there—I took provisions on board there—I did not make any complaint or mention the matter to any one—I was not justified in making any complaint—I did not choose to stay there—the harbour-master came on board—Ryan and Clifford were given into custody directly we arrived at St. Katharine's Docks, as soon as we were alongside and the ship was fast; the mate gave them in charge to a policeman—it was on 12th May that we were off St. Helena—I did not let go the anchor there—before the surveyors came on board at Adelaide I did not give Ryan orders to shift part of the cargo in order to get a defective place above the water line and alter the list of the ship—the surveyors suggested that the ship had a list, and I spoke to Cousins to righten her—the surveyors sealed the pumps in order to see whether she made water—the stevedores had left her with a list on her—she did not list all the way from Adelaide—it was a very little list; it was only just to shift a few bags of cargo—there was not a quarter of a plank under water on one side more than the other—she might have had a list of an inch or three-quarters—Ryan did not say why he wanted to go ashore and see a Magistrate—he did not complain that the ship was unseaworthy; she was perfectly seaworthy—we had to pump every two hours throughout the voyage—I thought that necessary for the protection of my cargo and to get my ship home—she might have been making an inch and a half of water an hour—it was a private leak that had been in the ship since she was new—I have since had her in dock and had the copper stripped off, and we found a small bolt-hole in the bilge: that was where the water</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060047"/>
<p>came in: there was no other source—I never assaulted any of the men on the voyage, or used bad language to them—I am not in the habit of using bad language—I never used bad language to Jacobson, and never assaulted him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. The surveyors came on board on two occasions at Port</p>
<p>Adelaide to survey the ship; the list was discovered on the first occasion and was corrected before they came again—they came the second time through the letter Leverson wrote—I could not say exactly what water she was making then; it is entered on the surveyor's certificate; it was very little, nothing unusual—the crew consisted of myself, the mate, steward, and six able seamen—I could not have navigated the vessel with only three able seamen—I can't say whether I could have shipped hands at St. Helena, I never was ashore there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-152" type="surname" value="COUSINS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-152" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES COUSINS</persName> </hi>. In February last I was mate of the Argosy—I kept the log and entered there what occurred every day—I have my log here—on 18th February, at 6 a.m., I saw Ryan strike the captain; he wanted to go and see a Magistrate, I don't know what for—I had heard him say three or four days previously that the ship was unseaworthy—she did make a drop of water in Adelaide, 4 3/4; Inches in 18 hours—he said he wanted to leave the ship because she was unseaworthy—the captain told him he could not go now as he was ready for sea—he struck the captain with his right fist and the captain called me to get the handcuffs and put on him—I held him and the captain went and got the handcuffs—he did not struggle while I held him—at 8 a.m., in consequence of instructions from the captain, I went to Ryan in the forecastle—he had not got the handcuffs on then—I told him to come aft, that the captain wanted him—he said he would not, and if the captain came there he would brain him—I went and reported to the captain and he went forward, and Ryan said he would brain him if he came nigh him—next day, after returning on board from the Magistrate, he refused to set the anchor watch; he refused to do anything in the ship, and hoped his right hand would drop off if he did—he said then or the next time that if he had two men to join him he would take charge of the ship altogether—on 7th April it was my watch on deck from 8 to 12 p.m.—about 11.30 to 12 o'clock the wind shifted, and we were setting sails; Clifford, Leverson, and West were on deck, and Ryan was standing at the door—Jacobson was inside—I told him to set the mainsail before we went below; he declined to come out of the forecastle—I went in and told him quietly to come out and set the mainsail, and he struck me, and the other two joined, and then Leverson joined them—Clifford said "Now is your time to drive your knife through him"—I was knocked about and scarred about the face; I felt a prick of something, but it was dark and I could not see—Jacobson struck me with his fist, I could not say who else struck me, I was right among the gang, they were all round me—after that they went to their duty—on 21st April, at 2.20, I and Clifford were engaged in stowing the jib and coiling the ropes, and I ordered him to hold tight the flying-jib sheet; he grumbled and refused to do it—I asked him three times to do it, and he then came and struck me with his fist in the face; then Ryan joined in and struck me three times in the face with his fist, and as I was going off Clifford struck me with a belaying pin and knocked me on the deck sense
<lb/>less for three or four minutes—when I came to my senses I scrambled up on my knees and met the captain as I crawled to the mainmast and he took</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060048"/>
<p>me-aft to the steward and I went below—on 25th April, at 7: 30, I was on deck; Ryan was steering—I spoke to him about some noise he had made that afternoon—he said he intended it, and he was sorry he had not finished with me the other day, and the next time they would do for me; he said he was in an American ship and he threw the third mate over
<lb/>board; and he also said When they got to London, if there was any disturbance, he should swear that I took an iron belaying pin for Clifford the other day—I entered the conversation in the log that day—he said "Some dark night you will be missing, and who is to contradict it when we get to London?"—I thought he meant to throw me overboard, he threatened me on several occasions—on 30th April Ryan and the steward were having a
<hi rend="italic">row</hi>, and he threatened the steward's life—on 7th May Ryan was steering, and he was very abusive and said he would murder me—on 21st May I sent Clifford to loose the royal, and When he came on deck he threatened my life—on 30th I went forward to see if the sails were set and Ryan gave me a
<hi rend="italic">shove</hi>; he had an iron belaying pin in his hand and said he would knock my brains out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. When at sea I heard the prisoners threaten to complain against the captain about the cargo, nothing else, only that the cargo was damaged with water—I suppose the ship was making water, we pumped every two-hours—Leyerson and Ryan did not threaten to bring me before a Magistrate for ill treatment, I swear that—Ryan was always threatening that he would bring me up for sailing under a false name—I have got my papers here—it was on the 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi> that Clifford and Ryan struck me; no one saw it but myself—it was bad weather, blowing a strong breeze; the spray would come over the sides at times; at the time they assaulted me the wind was increasing—Jacobson complained as we came up Channel that I had assaulted him and called him bad names—I had not during the voyage—I frequently complained of Jacobson having assaulted me, and also Ryan and Clifford—I did not charge Jacobson when I came to London because the captain took it out of my hands, or I Should—while we were coming up Channel the. captain fired a rifle, but which way I could not say; another ship was near at the time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-153" type="surname" value="JACOBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-153" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK JACOBSON</persName> </hi>. I was an able seaman in the Argosy—when we were off the Cape of Good Hope I remember having a conversation with Leverson and Clifford in the forecastle; Ryan was present, and Tom West was in his berth asleep—Ryan and Leverson said "We are going to kill the captain and the mate, the steward and the boatswain, and cut Tom West's throat when he is asleep"—Glanville was boatswain at that time—I can't tell the date of this. (
<hi rend="italic">The captain stated that by the log it was the</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st April</hi>)—that was all I heard then—about two days after I was at the wheel—I came forward, and the three persons were on the fore-hatch yarning about the same thing; they said they would kill the captain, mate, steward, and boatswain, and take the ship into the Bay of Bahama and sell her—they wanted me to join—I went aft to the wheel—I heard them going on several times at it for about a week—they were on deck growling at each other—Ryan and Leverson threatened to knock off my face and one thing or another—about six or seven weeks afterwards I heard a quarrel between Clifford and Ryan—I could not make it out; Ryan came on the poop and told the captain that Clifford had cut the jib, and Clifford said that Ryan was going to cut West's throat when he was asleep—they accused each other.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060049"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. Cousins came to me in the forecastle one night about 8.30 and pulled me out—he had an iron belaying pin in his hand, and tried to strike me with it, and Clifford took it away from him; I was growling because he had kept us up when it was our watch below; we had only eight hours' sleep out of twenty-four—I cannot remember any other occasion on which the mate used violence towards me; I have got a bad memory—the captain used violence to me one morning when I was steering; he said "Where are you going to?" and he struck me on the cheek with his right hand closed, and kicked me and called me a Dutch son of a w—I called Clifford and Ryan as witnesses—I am a Norwegian—at the end of the voyage Clifford was doing something to the fore rigging and talking to Ryan, and the captain came up and told them to go on with their work; Clifford said "All right"—the captain said "It is not all right, it is all wrong; you are one God d—n Cannock and Liverpool shoeblack"—one morning the captain sent Levereon from the wheel, and he went forward to the forecastle, and the captain came forward and struck him with his fist and shook him as hard as he could—he wanted him to go to the wheel again—I and Ryan and Clifford had just turned in, and it woke us up; it was about 4 a.m.—one night Ryan said he was sick, and went to the captain for some medicine—the captain gave it him, and Ryan went and sat down in the forecastle, and the captain came forward and said "Come out here and haul down the stay
<lb/>sails"—Ryan said "I cannot do it, I am sick"—the captain said "If you won't stand on your legs I shall stand you on your head, and stop your supper"—Ryan then went aft and asked for some bread, and he would not give it to him the first time—Ryan went and did his work then; the captain called him on one side, and they were yarning, but I could not make out what about—the captain carried about a revolver with him; I saw it sticking in his breast pocket that night; I could see the butt-end of it; that was the only time I saw it—before that he said he would put the ship under martial law; he said that several times, and so did the mate—one morning the captain said he would shoot Ryan; he said he would mark him for life—I did not see the revolver then; that was about the middle of the voyage; he had called us out of bed at four o'clock, and we complained of our breakfast getting cold—at Adelaide the captain said to me "I shall give you ten shillings if you will tell me who took the irons off Ryan, and tell me what is going on on the passage home, and after we get to London I will give you an introduction to the owner, and he will give you a few pounds"—the con
<lb/>versation on 21st April was between Ryan and Levereon—they were speaking rather loud—it was after supper; we had tea and biscuits, no grog—they seemed to be in a passion because the captain had been growling at them the night before about reefing the mizen—the steward was in the galley—I could not say whether the people in the galley could hear them—the second time they were whispering—the captain was always growling at one thing or another—everything the mate used to tell us we had to do it twice over; the captain said it was wrong, and would make us take it to pieces and do it over again—West was asleep in the forecastle when the first conversa
<lb/>tion took place—if he had been awake he could have heard it; he was a friend of the captain's, a fellow-townsman, and was treated by him as a friend all through the voyage; he used to be in the cabin with the captain almost all day, and dined with him, and the captain used to give him pickles and one thing and another; he was favoured above the rest of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060050"/>
<p>crew—Nash was in the galley; I could not say whether he heard—I said at Arbour Square "All in the ship heard they were threatened"—that was so.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. The second conversation took place about forty-eight hours after the first—I heard the captain and mate threatened on several occasions—one day the captain was going to take Leverson and Clifford for
<lb/>ward and lash them to the windlass and ropes-end them—the two occasions I have named were the only two on which I heard the prisoners threaten to kill the captain and mate—I have seen the prisoners since their committal—I visited them once in prison.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-154" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-154" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WEST</persName> </hi>. I am living at the Sailors' Home—I was one of the crew of the Argosy—while I was on board I never saw the captain ill-treat Clifford, Leverson, or the other men—I remember Ryan being taken on shore at Port Adelaide—a few days after he came on board again—he had a conversation with me; he wanted me to join them in many matters; he said "West, why are you with them aft?"—I said "I am neither on one side or the other"—he said "Why don't you be with us?"—I said "No, I am going to be on the right," and I advised him to do so—he then went away—I never heard the captain threatened.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-155" type="surname" value="COUSINS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-155" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES COUSINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>.) I kept the log in the cabin, I wrote it up every 24 hours, this is it; here is "Pleasant weather, pumps attended to every two hours;" "heavy gale, shipping a quantity of water, pumps at
<lb/>tended every hour"—that was one time, off the Cape, three or four days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-156" type="surname" value="TUPPER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-156" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN TUPPER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>.) On 6th July I took Ryan and Leverson in custody, Cousins charged them—I was on duty in Upper East Smithfield, and he called me to go on board the Argosy and take them for assaulting him while on the high seas—I told them the charge—Clifford said "We have charges to make against the captain and mate," and Ryan said "Yes, for damaging cargo and for shooting at a man on board another ship on the voyage home"</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-157" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-157" type="surname" value="WONTNER"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-157" type="given" value="BLANCHARD"/>BLANCHARD WONTNER</persName> </hi>. The charge of conspiracy to murder was made after the first examination, I was not in the case at that time; it was a private prosecution, and the solicitor told the magistrate he wished to charge the three prisoners with conspiracy to murder—the Treasury then took it up—it was not on my responsibility that the charge of conspiracy to murder was made—the Magistrate committed on that charge.</p>
<rs id="t18780806-691-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-691-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-691-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">RYAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLIFFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">were further charged with feloniously wounding Charles Cousins with intent to do him grievous bodily harm, upon which no evidence was offered</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-691-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-691-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-691-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-692-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-692-18780806" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-692-18780806" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-692-18780806" type="surname" value="CURTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-692-18780806" type="given" value="BRIDGET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRIDGET CURTIN</hi> (49)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-692-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-692-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-692-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18780806-name-159" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-159" type="surname" value="STYLES"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-159" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHRISTOPHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-692-offence-1 t18780806-name-159"/>William Chris
<lb/>top her Styles</persName>, with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HAROLD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>:
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM CHRISTOPHER STYLES</hi>. I am a French-polisher, of 14, Mount Street, Bethnal Green—the prisoner and I lived together about seven years, and I shall be only too happy to have her back—we have quarrelled at times—last Wednesday I had been drinking very hard from the Monday—we had been quarrelling and I had a fight with her and beat her most unmercifully, and so I had on the Monday—I don't recollect any more till I found myself at the police-station, bleeding—they dragged me through the streets like a dog—had I been sober I should certainly have gone to a hospital—the doctor</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187808060051"/>
<p>merely put a bit of strapping on my finger and head—I was able to go to work next day—under no circumstances should I be willing to prosecute her—I don't recollect anything that she did to me—we were both very drunk indeed, or she would not have been here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-160" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-160" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-160" type="given" value="MARY ANNE"/>MARY ANNE MURPHY</persName> </hi>. I live in the same house with the prisoner and prosecutor—previous to this Wednesday evening they had been drinking violently all the week—he gave her a severe beating on the Monday night, and on Wednesday morning he nearly strangled her on the stairs—in the evening she went out and had a drop of drink and came home very tipsy, and seeing the chopper lying on the floor, she took it up—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is an old chopper without a handle, which she used for breaking coke—she came down to me and said "Oh, Polly, see what I have done"—I went up—he was lying on the bed bleeding, but not very much, from his head and hand—I got some water and bathed him—I told him he ought to be ashamed of himself; indeed I consider he ought to be there, (
<hi rend="italic">In the dock</hi>) instead of her—the police came and took them away—the prisoner, when not in drink, is a nice, quiet, comfortable woman, and very clean—when she is in drink she is excitable, because her brain is not right—she is 50 years of age, and certain things have settled in her brain.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-161" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-161" type="given" value="GEORGE BAXTER"/>GEORGE BAXTER PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, of Spital Square—on 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi> July I saw the prosecutor at the station and dressed his wounds—he had a clean cut at the side of the head, about three inches long, reaching to the bone; the nail of his ring finger was separated, and the soft parts of the finger separated from the bone; he also had several minor cuts across his knuckles; he will probably have a stiff top joint of his finger for life—the wounds would be caused by such an instrument as this—I saw the prisoner at the station—she was excited by drink—she said she was sorry she had not taken his life.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780806-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-162" type="surname" value="JOYCE"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-162" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL JOYCE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 148.) I went to the house and saw the prosecutor bleeding very freely from the right side of the head, and two of his fingers were hanging—he said he wished to charge the prisoner, and I took her into custody—she said she wished to kill him—she had been drinking very freely, and was in an excited state from drink—I asked her what she did it with—she said with a chopper—I asked her where it was—it was secreted under the bed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. He has always ill used me; several times he cut my hand and I have a stiff joint, and he kicked both my eyes open. We were very drunk on the Wednesday; I can't say I did not do it, but I don't remember anything of it; I am very sorry for it, for we are happy and comfortable when we don't drink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-692-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-692-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-692-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Friday, August</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Lindley</hi>.</p>
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<persName id="def1-693-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-693-18780806" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-693-18780806" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-693-18780806" type="surname" value="ELY"/>
<interp inst="def1-693-18780806" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HANNAH ELY</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-693-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-693-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-693-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/>, For the wilful murder of her new born child; she was also charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with the like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAKD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WIIAIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Defence</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-693-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-693-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-693-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18780806-694" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-694-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-694-18780806 t18780806-694-offence-1 t18780806-694-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-694-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-694-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-694-18780806" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-694-18780806" type="surname" value="BRLDGMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-694-18780806" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK BRLDGMAN</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-694-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-694-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-694-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Rape on
<persName id="t18780806-name-165" type="jurorName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-165" type="surname" value="PEAKING"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-165" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>Sarah Ann Peaking</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-694-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-694-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-694-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18780806-695" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780806"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-695" type="date" value="18780806"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780806-695-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-695-18780806 t18780806-695-offence-1 t18780806-695-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-695-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-695-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-695-18780806" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-695-18780806" type="surname" value="BRIDGMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-695-18780806" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK BRIDGMAN</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18780806-695-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-695-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-695-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>for indecently assaulting the said
<persName id="t18780806-name-167" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-167" type="surname" value="PEAKING"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-167" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-695-offence-1 t18780806-name-167"/>Sarah Ann Peaking</persName>,</rs> to which he
<rs id="t18780806-695-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-695-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-695-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18780806-695-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-695-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-695-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-695-18780806 t18780806-695-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fifteen Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Friday, August</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
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<interp inst="t18780806-696" type="date" value="18780806"/>
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<persName id="def1-696-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-696-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-696-18780806" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-696-18780806" type="surname" value="RAVENSCROFT"/>
<interp inst="def1-696-18780806" type="given" value="ARTHUR WALPOLE EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR WALPOLE EDWARD RAVENSCROFT</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-696-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-696-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-696-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18780806-696-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-696-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-696-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to obtaining 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>, 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>, 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>, and 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> one ring and other articles by false pretences.—</rs>
<rs id="t18780806-696-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-696-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-696-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-696-18780806 t18780806-696-punishment-26"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprisonment, without hard labour</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-697-18780806" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-697-18780806" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-697-18780806" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-697-18780806" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-697-18780806" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRY CHAPMAN</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18780806-697-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-697-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-697-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18780806-name-170" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780806-name-170" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-170" type="surname" value="PRESTWICH"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-name-170" type="given" value="NELLIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-697-offence-1 t18780806-name-170"/>Nellie Prestwich</persName> on
<rs id="t18780806-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780806-697-offence-1 t18780806-cd-1"/>18th June</rs>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CROOME</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780806-697-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780806-697-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780806-697-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>