<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OWDEN, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
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<interp inst="def1-233-18780211" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18780211" type="surname" value="COLLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18780211" type="given" value="ARTHUR SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR SAMUEL COLLS</hi> (62)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">was indicted for</hi>
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<interp inst="t18780211-233-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-233-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>Unlawfully obtaining by false pretences a table, a carpet, and 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from
<persName id="t18780211-name-2" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-2" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-2" type="surname" value="APPLEFORD"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-233-offence-1 t18780211-name-2"/>Annie Appleford</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>—For obtaining the sums of 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3</rs>
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-3" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-3" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-3" type="surname" value="APPLEFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-3" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE APPLEFORD</persName> </hi>. I am now living at 3, Herne Road, Brixton—I am separated from my husband—in December, 1876, I was living at 298, Kennington Road—I had full power to let the whole of the house No. 98, Fleet Street, with the exception of the shop, which was occupied by Mrs. Judkins—before October, 1876, I only knew Colls by seeing him come in and out to a tenant of mine—I had about nine tenants in the upper part of the house—in October, 1876, Colls applied to me to take some rooms at 98; I replied that I would not let them unless the rent was paid in advance—the rent was 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year, a quarter was to be paid in advance—he said he was quite willing to do that, but he had not the cash in hand directly—I said "I will wait till you have, but I won't let them till I have my rent in advance"—he repeatedly came to me respecting them, but the matter remained on that footing till 16th December—he then brought me this lease (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), and said he had been trying to borrow 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. upon it as he had done before, but that his solicitor, Mr. Ody, was very ill, and could not lend it him; but if I would, let him have some money, with the rooms, he would deposit the lease with me as security—on perusing the lease I asked him what benefit he reaped from it—he said 26
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—I then arranged to let him the two back rooms for one year and give him a receipt for the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in advance for the quarter and advance him 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and that he should have the carpet and table so that he would not have to buy it, as he said he had no furniture for offices; the Turkey carpet was to be 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and the table 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the agreement was made at 98, Fleet Street, in my own sitting-room; my servant, Mrs. Bowley, was present, cleaning and drubbing the room—I let him have 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on that occasion, as I had no more in my pocket, and he gave me an I. O. U. for it; he was to come</p>
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<p>to my private house for the remainder, which he did that evening—Mrs. Bowley let him in, and my daughter Katie and my daughter-in-law, Mrs. Hemming, were present, when I gave him a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note and he handed me the lease—these two documents marked A. and B. are in his writing, and we signed them. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "A. Received of Mrs. Appleford 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Arthur Colls. December 16, 1876." "B. I promise to return to Mr. Arthur Colls the lease of three houses situated at Sheerness, Kent, on being paid 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by the 23rd January, 1877, or to be renewed as may be arranged between Mr. Colls and myself. Annie Appleford. December 16, 1876.") When I parted with the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I of course thought the lease was genuine, or I should not have let him have sixpence—the carpet and table were moved into the front room on that same day, but I locked it up and did not give him possession till the 23rd, when this agreement was signed—it is the prisoner's writing, my solicitor drew the copy of it. (
<hi rend="italic">This was a memorandum of agreement to take the two rooms as offices at</hi> 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">a year, pay
<lb/>able quarterly</hi>. ) It is signed by him—in January, 1877, I was taken ill with pleurisy—I was then living in Fleet Street; the doctor would not allow me to be removed; I was in bed for ten weeks there—on 8th January the prisoner brought his wife and daughter to live there, not with me, but in the same house—at the latter part of January, or the beginning of February, I gave my daughter 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to pay some taxes—the prisoner said he was going that way and would pay them for me to save her going, as it was raining fast, and I gave him the 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I after
<lb/>wards found he had not paid it, and asked him for it; he promised to give it me, but did not—he said he would give me an undertaking for it, and that it might go off the deed—he gave me this memorandum: "I hereby authorise you to deduct 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. further from the deed you hold of mine, Jan. 23, 1877." About the 9th February he applied to me to lend him 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. further on the lease, as there was a warrant out for his body for his taxes at Forest Hill—I said I could not let him have 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but I would let him have 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and as I had not so much with me I let him have 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., for which he gave me this I O U—I parted with that, believing the lease to be worth 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., as he said I should be safe up to 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I would not have let him have the money but for that belief—I recovered from the attack of pleurisy about the middle of March—it was at the latter part of March that I had information with regard to Mr. Hawkins's receipt of the rents of those houses—I had suspicion before, and in the middle of March I told the prisoner I had reason to believe that the lease of these premises which he had given me as security was not worth the parchment it was written upon, and if such was the case I should certainly punish him unless he returned me the money
<lb/>he said he was quite aware that the lease was of no service when he gave it me, that he had been ejected, and I might do my best and my worst, that he had been offered 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by Mrs. Judkins to take possession of my premises before that day month, and I should be outside of them, and he did it and threw my furniture into the street—he further said he thought he should have done business and then he would have paid me
<lb/>I afterwards applied to a Magistrate for a warrant, which was granted in the early part of May—I was not well enough to appear before—I was told that the officers could not find him, and I did not know he was in custody till afterwards—I subsequently got a summons, and he was taken before a Magistrate and committed.</p>
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<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. The agreement was made on 23rd December—there was one made on the 16th, but my solicitor advised me not to give up possession upon it—I swear that 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was advanced on the 16th; it was not for interest—when I was taken ill I gave the lease to my daughter and son with other deeds—I should say that I had it in my possession on 1st January, 1877, at my Kennington house—I did not engage you as my agent, I am always my own agent, I employ no one, I never gave you authority to do anything for me—I might have instructed you to distrain on Mr. Brown for 17
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for a quarter's rent; just for an hour while I went to get an order to go in possession—a man named Carroll was put in possession—I did not owe any rent to Mrs. Judkins—I did not ask you, as my husband had deserted me, to come and keep possession of the house for me—if an execution was put in on my goods for 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., it was a sham affair, it was withdrawn without a farthing payment—I did not offer Hammond, the broker's man, half-a-crown to settle it, he gave me the warrant voluntarily—I swear I gave you 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in cash on 9th February—you were not maintaining me, I never had a meal from you—I did not tell you to sue my husband for my maintenance, I always kept myself—I have never received a bill of 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from yon for six weeks' board and attendance—I was never applied to for that amount—I did not write a letter to my husband for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to provide necessaries for myself and child—you wanted me to write it, but I said no—I am bringing an action against Mrs. Judkins for illegal distraint—a man named Joy came and broke open a door and took possession, planned, I believe, by you—I telegraphed to you for Carroll's address, and sent to the station for a policeman to come and take charge of the premises till I could get him—two policemen came—I did not suggest that you should tome in as a
<hi rend="italic">bon fide</hi> lodger, and keep possession under the Lodgers' Act—I allowed your wife and daughter to come for a week as you were obliged to leave your lodgings, and a memorandum was drawn up to that effect—I sent to Mr. Hammond for it, that I might indict you for false swearing—I don't know that you are an important witness against me in the actions—I have not offered you money to come on my side or sent any one to intimidate your witnesses—I went to Mr. Hammond's, not to intimidate him, but to ascertain if he lived there—Mr. Cooper, my solicitor, took out a summons against Joy for an assault; the summons was adjourned six times because I was ill—I did not employ you to make my will, you were the attesting witness—at the time the distraint was in, on 8th January, I did not send down to your wife some chairs, a timepiece, and some bedding, asking her to protect them—I was never bound over to keep the peace—you did not tell me when you put the lease into my hands that it was worthless, or that it might be worth 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—you did not tell me that it had been out of your possession six years—you made a charge against me at the police-court about this table and got me locked up—I was not locked up at Warwick for pawning stays—I have never charged men with indecent assaults—I have not had a good many solicitors.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re examined</hi>. It was in December last year that the prisoner locked me up about the table, the very day after the bill was preferred against him—he appeared before the Magistrate and charged me with stealing the table, but the Magistrate discharged me immediately.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-4" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-4" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-4" type="surname" value="APPLEFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-4" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE APPLEFORD</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of the last witness, and am 13</p>
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<p>years of age—in December, 1876, we were living at 298, Kennington Road—there was a money box there, I had the key of it—I remember seeing the prisoner there on one occasion; I opened the box, I left mamma to take out the money; there was a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, I believe, but I did not notice exactly what money it was—I am sure the prisoner was there at the time, he brought a deed wrapped up in paper—I remember having some money in an envelope to go and pay some taxes, I can't say how much money there was, the prisoner had it, he said he would go and pay the taxes—I was living with my mother, at 98, Fleet Street, at the time she was ill—the prisoner and his wife and daughter were there—mamma nearly always provided the food for the house, or gave them the money for it—I saw the lease afterwards, mamma had it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I don't know what rate it was to pay that I had the money for—I went with you the same evening to the Wandsworth Road to pay some taxes, and you did pay them—Mrs. Judkins put in a distress at Kennington on 8th January; some chairs were brought down, I think you said something about the ground landlord coming in, the chairs were afterwards taken back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-5" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-5" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-5" type="surname" value="HEMMING"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-5" type="given" value="AGNES"/>AGNES HEMMING</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter-in-law of Mrs. Appleford and the wife of George Hemming—I remember Mrs. Appleford being taken ill in January, 1877—I was in the house the evening Mr. Colls came in—I don't remember the date—I did not see any money pass—I saw Mrs. Appleford with some papers which she told me were deeds—I think the prisoner was in the house at the time—I believe after 11th December I had the papers in a box at my house while Mrs. Appleford was ill—they were fetched away by Kate—I was often at 98, Fleet Street, during her illness; the prisoner, his wife and daughter, were living there—my mother-in-law. I believe, provided the food.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I was a witness to the deed of your taking the house at Kennington—I can't say that I know why the deed was written—it is not true that I walk the Haymarket and attend the Coal-hole—I believe I have seen Mrs. Appleford, your wife and daughter, sitting down friendly together.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-6" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-6" type="surname" value="HEMMING"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-6" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HEMMING</persName> </hi>. I am the last witness's husband, and am living with her—there is no foundation for the suggestion that she gets her living as a prostitute—I was frequently at 98, Fleet Street, while Mrs. Appleford was ill—I can't remember that I have seen money handed to Colls—I have hoard him ask Mrs. Appleford for money for the supper beer, and she has given it—I am a machinist by trade—I took out a licence as a cab-driver for four months when trade was bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I was in the service of Newton and Wilson—there was no warrant out against me for embezzlement—I know nothing about Mr. Judkins compromising it with my mother.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-7" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-7" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-7" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-7" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Wilson—I have fre
<lb/>quently been present at 98, Fleet Street, during the illness of Mrs. Apple
<lb/>ford, when Colls was there—I believe Mrs. Appleford paid for the board.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-8" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-8" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-8" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>CHARLES HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>. This deed was signed by me in the presence of Richard Roscoe—Colls was the lessee—I was the lessor with the concurrence of other persons interested—it is dated 16th January, 1869—the prisoner entered on possession of the three houses at Sheer
<lb/>ness, described here—I can't say how long he had anything to do with the property, but I had possession about 1870—the property was left</p>
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<p>vacant for some time—I was restored to possession under a Magistrate's order, and from 1870 I have received the rents and profits—he has never claimed from me to yield possession of this property, and since 1870 he has never had a shilling from it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I am not aware that you underlet the property to Mr. Bowden—I applied to you for the rent—no rent was paid after February, 1870.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-9" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-9" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-9" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY MILLER</persName> </hi>. I lived at Sheerness in 1869 and '70—I acted for Mr. Hawkins with reference to some property described in this lease somewhere about 1870—I got possession for him—after the payment of rent ceased the premises were unoccupied for some considerable time—Mr. Hawkins has ever since received the rents from the new tenants.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-10" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-10" type="surname" value="DOWIE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-10" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY DOWIE</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and live in Crane Court, Temple—I have had the care of the premises, 98, Fleet Street, for some time—on a Saturday in July last I remember an inspector of police coming there with a warrant—I asked the prisoner what Mrs. Appleford had a warrant out for him for—he showed me this lease, and said it was a lease of three little houses which he had down in Kent, and he had only had 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of her, and that was all she could have him for—he showed me a receipt for a carpet and table, and a receipt for the rent.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. You were no doubt originally acting for Mrs. Apple
<lb/>ford—you were put in as an ordinary man—you have not ejected me from the house, I went out of my own accord—you were acting for Mrs. Appleford, while she was helping to keep you, and then you turned round to Mrs. Judkins when you thought she had a little money—I have not tried to intimidate Mr. Hammond from coming to protect you—I went to Mr. Hammond with Mr. Andrews to see him on business—I thought you were an honest man till I found you out</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-11" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-11" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES ANDREWS</persName> </hi>. I am an auctioneer and broker—I was present at the Lambeth police-court when the witnesses were giving their evidence before Mr. Chance—I heard the prisoner admit, after Mrs. Bowley's examination, that he had had 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., a carpet, and a table from Mrs. Appleford, and that was all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I am not now acting as agent for Mrs. Appleford—I have been—I did not at the commencement of August break your door open with Mrs. Appleford—I was falsely charged with it by you; it was not your room, it was Mrs. Appleford's—I had a warrant for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. rent from you—I did not offer you 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to give evidence on our side, nor did you say upon that "I will have you out of the house"—you did put me out, you and five or six men, and kicked me between the kidneys—this was about 27th July—Mrs. Judkins had no power to let you the rooms—I did not go to Mr. Hammond with Mrs. Dowie to intimidate him from coming here.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in a long address, attached the character of the Prosecutrix and her witnesses, who he alleged were swearing falsely against him in revenge for his having taken the part of Mrs. Judkin. He entered into a long detail of the circumstances alluded to in his cross-examination of the Prosecutrix, and called the following witnesses</hi>:—</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-12" type="surname" value="CARROLL"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-12" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CARROLL</persName> </hi>. I am an advertising agent—I was introduced to the prisoner after going to Mr. Cooper's, a solicitor of 88, Chancery Lane—I never saw him before—I understood he was a broker—on 5th January I distrained on Mr. Brown for 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd—the next morning Mr. Hammond</p>
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<p>distrained for 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and it was arranged that I and another man should withdraw—the prisoner retook possession on the Saturday—Mrs. Apple
<lb/>ford said the prisoner had the matter in his hands—they locked me in an empty house from Saturday to Monday without food or drink—I was paid three half-crowns—I had had a half-crown before that—I went upstairs and saw Mrs. Appleford at tea in the prisoner's room, I think on the Monday evening—I could not stop any longer—I wanted some refreshment.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. Mr. Brown paid his rent to Mrs. Appleford—he was Mrs. Appleford's tenant.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-13" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-13" type="surname" value="COLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-13" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN COLLS</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's daughter—I first knew I was coming to 98, Fleet Street, on Saturday night, 6th January—I handed the prisoner this lease of the Sheerness property on Monday, 1st January—it was tied up in brown paper—it became undone and I tied it up afresh—the prisoner did not return all that week—on the following Monday he returned and told me a van would come—it came about 1, and we arrived in Fleet Street about 9 p. m.—there was a dog, a cat, and a bird in the van—the prisoner's wife saw Mrs. Appleford—they had not seen each other before—on the prisoner's arriving at home there were seven extra chairs in the van and a timepiece—Mrs. Appleford asked my mother to buy them and give her a receipt for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for them, as she did not owe a penny for rent—I thought it was a hard case—no money passed—a few days afterwards the chairs and the receipt were returned—the prisoner was at the beck and call of Mrs. Appleford till about the middle of February—he had tea with her, when he said "Mrs. Appleford, I will take 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for my commission"—she said "No, I have given you 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. already on account of your expenses"—she gave me orders and I went and got some one to nail up the doorway—we were keeping Mrs. Apple
<lb/>ford—she gave us this I O U for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., which was for some bread and other goods we had had—no money was had—I let the man in who came for the money in the evening—one day Mrs. Appleford said to father "Mr. Colls, I am very short of money; will you send to Mr. Cooper for that lease"—father said "Certainly; I have only just come into posses
<lb/>sion, and I don't know how the property is going on; it may be worth 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., or it may not be worth a penny"—Mrs. Appleford was very angry, and said "We must not trust Mr. Cooper"—she also told my father several times in my presence that if he wanted the lease he might have it—we had it in our possession from the middle of January—Mrs. Apple
<lb/>ford said "I wish you would take that box down," and I carried it down, and we had the lease seven or ten days.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. Mrs. Appleford had given my father 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for his services and promised him more, which he never had—I have seen this document before: "I promise to return to Mr. Colls the lease of three houses situated at Sheerness, in the county of Kent, on being paid 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on 23rd Jan., 1877, or to be renewed as may be arranged by Mr. Colls and my
<lb/>self. Dec. 16, 1876." On the back there is a memorandum: "Carpet and table, 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., cash 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for quarter's rent," making the 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I still say I understood the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid for my father's services—I have not seen this before: "I hereby authorise you, Mrs. Ann Appleford, to deduct 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. further from the deed you hold by me." I did not know it was given—I said at the police-court that my father had not gone by the name of Buckland—I now say he never went by that name—I do</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110007"/>
<p>not know Mr. Dowdsworth—I have lived with my mother at Forest Hill—I was sometimes there and sometimes not—I was not there at Christmas—I do not remember exactly when I was there—the house at Forest Hill was taken in the name of Colls—I saw my father on 1st January at Forest Hill—the furniture was removed from there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-14" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-14" type="given" value="DAVID HENRY"/>DAVID HENRY HAMMOND</persName> </hi>. I am out of business now—I was a broker and rent-collector—I was authorised to distrain on Mrs. Appleford on 6th January, 1877—I found the prisoner and Carroll in possession with a warrant against Mr. Brown—an arrangement was made for them to go out, and I came again on the Monday morning—there were only two covered tables in the upper room besides Mr. Brown's furniture—Mrs. Appleford told me the prisoner was a
<hi rend="italic">bona fide</hi> lodger*—I said "You must make a legal declaration"—she said "Will you do it?"—I said "If you will pay me half-a-crown I will write it out?"—I did so and took it to Mr. Culls—he got it attested, and I acknowledged him as a tenant owing no rent—the declaration stated he had paid his rent to the 25th March—I was instructed by Messrs. Watson, Son, and Room to distrain for 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I remained till the 12th January, when Mr. Watson said he had made an arrangement, and I was paid out—en the second distraint in March the prisoner acted for me—on the 20th December Mrs. Appleford came to my place in the almshouse and said "I am come here to satisfy my curiosity; you are got here and I shall endeavour to get you out"—I have been there three months—she threatened to indict me for con
<lb/>spiracy—on going out she said I had been the means of defrauding her of 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I had been examined as a witness at the police-court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I said at the police-court I was living at 65 1/2, Fleet Street—I was living there—I could not live at the almshouse as it was being repaired—my wife asked Mrs. Appleford into my house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-15" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-15" type="surname" value="JOY"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-15" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER JOY</persName> </hi>. I am the manager for Mrs. Judkins, of 98, Fleet Street—on the 6th January I was ordered by her to go and remove the fastening off the side door that Mrs. Appleford had put on—Mrs. Apple
<lb/>ford came downstairs and pushed my arm as I held a screwdriver—she wanted to know what business I had there—I told her I had authority to come and remove the nuisance, and I should do so—she was summoned—the case was adjourned five times—she never appeared—I looked upon the prisoner as Mrs. Appleford's agent—when I went to remove the nuisance on a second occasion the prisoner prevented me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-16" type="surname" value="POTTS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-16" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM POTTS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). On Saturday, 6th January, Mrs. Appleford came to me and stated she wanted a man to take charge of 98, Fleet Street, as there had been an altercation and she was afraid of violence—I went with another officer—later in the evening she said she had telegraphed for her man, but did not know whether he had received the telegram—while I was there the prisoner came—Mrs. Appleford said "Oh, here you are, Mr. Colls, did you get my telegram?"—the prisoner said "No, but you named the place, and I thought I would come over and find you"—I knew the prisoner was a collector in the neighbourhood.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-17" type="surname" value="ARLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-17" type="given" value="JOHN WHITFIELD"/>JOHN WHITFIELD ARLAND</persName> </hi>. I am an artist—I lived at Mrs. Apple
<lb/>ford's, at Kennington, about three weeks, about December twelvemonths—I saw the prisoner there two or three times—Mrs. Appleford told me she had arranged for him to act as her agent, as her husband had left her, and there was a dispute between two landladies.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. This statement was made between the 5th and 30th December, during the three weeks I was there.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110008"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-18" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-18" type="surname" value="COLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-18" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE COLLS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-called</hi>). In January I used to pawn things for Mrs. Appleford, including books, wearing apparel, her husband's likeness, his fiddle, and his jackets I pawned for half a crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-19" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-19" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-19" type="given" value="ELENOR"/>ELENOR EVANS</persName> </hi>. I resided with Mrs. Judkins some years as sales
<lb/>woman—she sells sewing machines and gas regulators—Mr. Apple
<lb/>ford was in her employ—Mrs. Appleford used to come and scrub the shop for a shilling, and do the petty washing for a shilling a dozen—her husband left Mrs. Judkins all her letters and answers—this is one: "Dear Alfred, as Mr. and Mrs. Colls cannot afford to board me and child any longer, I must now ask you to send me 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by my daughter to enable me to provide necessaries for self and child, as there is no likely
<lb/>hood of my returning again to business for some long time if ever Yourfaithful wife, Anne." It is dated the 10th February—everyone thought the prisoner acted as Mrs. Appleford's agent.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross examined</hi>. Mrs. Appleford left Mrs. Judkins's employ on the 24th or 26th February—it was on a Saturday—Mr. and Mrs. Appleford were living at 98, Fleet Street—Mr. Appleford did not desert her—he left in February—I know he lived at Kennington with her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-20" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-20" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM WALKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 433). On the 15th January last year I went to 98, Fleet Street—there was a disturbance—the prisoner came down stairs, spread out his arms, and said "I dare you to open that door, I am acting for Mrs. Appleford"—Mrs. Appleford then appeared and said "Here, take the axe and chop the b—b—'s head open"—that meant my head.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. It was about 4.30 Mr. Joy and a number of workmen were there—I saw Mrs. Appleford—she was dressed—no violence was done to any one.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness in Reply</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-21" type="surname" value="ATTENBOROUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-21" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ATTENBOROUGH</persName> </hi>. I have been acting as solicitor for Mrs. Appleford—I received a letter referring to this certificate—the prisoner was examined as a witness in Brown
<hi rend="italic">v</hi>. Appleford—he was asked whether he had been convicted—he said yes—I do not remember the place.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. I produce the
<hi rend="italic">Norwich Mercury</hi> of the 31st March, 1866, which contains an account of the trial and conviction of the man for perjury upon whose evidence I was convicted, and Mr. Baron Martin, in passing sentence on the perjurer, said I was innocent. I received 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the Saturday and 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.afterwards.I never received anything else from her, although I had to pay for the inventory, the warrants, and other expenses.Mr. Chance let me out on bail for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., because he said no jury would convict me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-233-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-233-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-233-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-233-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-233-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-233-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-233-18780211 t18780211-233-punishment-1"/>Three Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-234">
<interp inst="t18780211-234" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-234" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-234-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-234-18780211 t18780211-234-offence-1 t18780211-234-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-234-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-234-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18780211" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18780211" type="surname" value="BROOK"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18780211" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK BROOK</hi> (39)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-234-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-234-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-234-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<rs id="t18780211-234-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-234-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-234-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>Embezzling 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and other sums, property of his masters,
<persName id="t18780211-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-23" type="surname" value="HODGKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-23" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-234-offence-1 t18780211-name-23"/>William Hodgkinson</persName> and others.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-234-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-234-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-234-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-234-18780211 t18780211-234-punishment-2"/>Five Years Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18780211-name-24" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-24" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-24" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm Kerr</persName>, Esq</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-235">
<interp inst="t18780211-235" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-235" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-235-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-235-18780211 t18780211-235-offence-1 t18780211-235-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-235-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-235-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18780211" type="age" value="64"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18780211" type="surname" value="COPELIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18780211" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE COPELIN</hi> (64)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-235-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-235-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-235-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-26" type="surname" value="SALFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-26" type="given" value="ROSINA"/>ROSINA SALFORD</persName> </hi>. I serve at Mr. Young's oil-shop, 1, Three Colt Lane on 29th June, about 5.30, I served the prisoner with two penny worth</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110009"/>
<p>of oatmeal, he gave me a crown piece—I took it into the parlour to my mistress, who came into the shop and told the prisoner it was bad—he said "No, it is not"—she went to fetch her husband, and the prisoner ran out, leaving the oatmeal—I followed him and pointed him out to my master—I fetched a constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. I went out to see the man who gave it me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-27" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-27" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-27" type="given" value="JULIA"/>JULIA YOUNG</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps an oil-shop at Three Colt Lane—on 29th January, the last witness brought me a bad crown—I went into the shop and said to the prisoner "This is a bad five-shilling piece"—he said "No, it is not"—I said "Yes it is, and you know it"—I went out, and when I returned the prisoner was gone—my husband pursued him and caught him—he said to me "You will not charge me, will you?"—I said "Yes, I will make an example of you, for I believe you gave my friend a five-shilling piece in Stepney"—he did not contradict me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-28" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-28" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of the last witness, and keep an oil shop—I went out and the prisoner was pointed out to me by Rosina Salford—I brought him back and gave him in charge with the coin which I received from my wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-29" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-29" type="surname" value="LARK"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-29" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>SUSANNAH LARK</persName> </hi>. My husband is a grocer, at 103, White Horse Street, Stepney—on 24th November the prisoner came in for a quarter of a pound of cheese and tendered a five-shilling piece of 1821—I gave him the change and he left—I afterwards gave it to Jane Ann Taylor to take out—she brought it back—I kept it separate till 29th January, and then gave it to Norris—I have no doubt about the prisoner, I picked him out from several others.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I did not pick out another man twice running; that was not my case.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. I am certain she is wrong.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-30" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-30" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-30" type="given" value="JANE ANN"/>JANE ANN TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Hare public-house, Brick Lane, Spitalfields—Mrs. Lark gave me a five-shilling piece, I took it to my father, showed it to him, and returned the same crown to Mrs. Lark.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-31" type="surname" value="NORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-31" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT NORRIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 621). I took the prisoner in Mr. Young's shop—I said "Where did you get this from?"—he said "I found it"—I said "Where do you live?"—he said "I shan't tell you"—I found 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on him—Mr. Young gave me one coin and Mrs. Lark another.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-32" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-32" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two crowns are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I know nothing about it any more than a baby unborn.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-235-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-235-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-235-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-236">
<interp inst="t18780211-236" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-236" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-236-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-236-18780211 t18780211-236-offence-1 t18780211-236-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-236-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-236-18780211" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-236-18780211" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-236-18780211" type="surname" value="GODDING"/>
<interp inst="def1-236-18780211" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUISA GODDING</hi> (41)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-236-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-236-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-236-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-34" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-34" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SMART</persName> </hi>. I keep the King's Arms, Regent's Park—on 26th January, about 11. 40 p. m., the prisoner asked my barman for half a quartern of the best rum, which came to threepence—I was standing close by—she threw down a half-crown to make it ring—the barman picked it up and handed it to me—I examined it, and the prisoner said, "Do you mean to say that that is bad?"—I said "I have not spoken"—she then. threw down threepence, and said "If the half-crown is bad you can break it up, and I will take it away"—I went round to prevent her going out, and sent for a constable—I told her I had been watching all day for some. one passing bad money, as I had taken one that day and one the day before—before the prisoner was removed Mrs. Williams came into my shop, she lives three doors from me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110010"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-35" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-35" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-35" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Alfred Williams, a fishmonger—on 14th January, about 8. 30, I served the prisoner with a pennyworth of fish and twopennyworth of potatoes—she tendered a shilling—I gave her the change, and she pretended to drop the sixpence and searched for it, but it was not found—I put the coin on the bottom counter, and it lay there all the evening, there was no other shilling there—I had seven or eight shillings other money, with some threepenny pieces among it—next evening I gave the shilling to my husband, who took it with him and came back afterwards and gave it to me—on the 15th
<hi rend="italic">the lady</hi> walked into the shop, asked for threepenny worth of fish and tendered me a shilling—I said "Is it good?" she said, "Try it"—I was trying it and my husband came and bit it in half—I said to the prisoner, "Here is part of the shilling which you gave me last night, which is bad"—she said that she could bring somebody to prove that it was good—I said that I had no other—she gave me a good shilling—I took threepence for the fish out of it, and she gave me the ninepence to keep, for the shilling I had taken the night before—I called in a policeman and gave her in custody—one half of the shilling fell into the coals—I do not know what became of the other half and of the other shilling, the prisoner took half and the policeman half.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-36" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-36" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of the last witness, and live at 3, Hoxton Place, Regent's Park—on the evening of 15th January my wife handed me a shilling to go to the theatre—I had no other money but eightpence in bronze—I tendered the shilling at the Grecian Theatre, and they broke it in half and returned it to me as bad—I went home and told my wife, and while talking to her the prisoner came in and bought some fish—I have heard what my wife has said; that is correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-37" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-37" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GREGORY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 229
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>). Mrs. Williams called me into her shop and gave the prisoner into my charge with part of a broken shilling.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-38" type="surname" value="CROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-38" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CROOK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 181
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>). I was called to Mr. Smart's shop about 12 on the night of 26th January, and he gave the prisoner in charge for tendering a bad half-crown, saying that she had been identi
<lb/>fied at the fish-shop—she only said she did not know that the half-crown was' bad, as she got it from a gentleman—she was searched at the station and sixpence and one penny found on her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-39" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-39" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are both bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I did not give the shilling; it was a two-shilling piece I gave, and she gave me 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-236-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-236-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-236-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-237">
<interp inst="t18780211-237" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-237" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-237-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-237-18780211 t18780211-237-offence-1 t18780211-237-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-237-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-237-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18780211" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18780211" type="surname" value="HOOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18780211" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HOOPER</hi> (20)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-237-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-237-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-237-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-41" type="surname" value="LEGGATT"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-41" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED LEGGATT</persName> </hi>. I keep the Three Loggerheads Tavern, Virginia Road—on 2nd January I served the prisoner with half a pint of beer—he gave me a florin; I bent it easily, and told him it was bad—I took the beer back, and gave him the coin back, and told him not to come into the place again—he walked away and said nothing—on the 16th I saw my barman serving him, and after he left I wont to the till, and found a bad shilling and two sixpences—I jumped over the counter and saw him standing opposite with another man—he ran away 300 or 400 yards and into a policeman's arms.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110011"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-42" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-42" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I am in Mr. Leggatt's service—on 16th January the prisoner came in and tendered a shilling—I put it in the till and gave him sixpence and fivepence—there was no other shilling there, only three sixpences—my master spoke to me, and the prisoner went out—my master took the shilling from the till and went out after him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-43" type="surname" value="HALLNOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-43" type="given" value="PAUL"/>PAUL HALLNOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 101
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). I was on duty, and saw Leggatt running after the prisoner and calling "Stop thief"—I stopped the prisoner—he said "It was not me, I never had the money"—I found on him a shilling and twopence good money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-44" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-44" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This shilling is bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-237-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-237-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-237-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-237-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-237-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-237-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-237-18780211 t18780211-237-punishment-3"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-238">
<interp inst="t18780211-238" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-238" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-238-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-238-18780211 t18780211-238-offence-1 t18780211-238-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-238-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-238-18780211 t18780211-238-offence-1 t18780211-238-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-238-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-238-18780211" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18780211" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18780211" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18780211" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN WILLIAMS</hi> (30)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-238-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-238-18780211" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-238-18780211" type="age" value="7"/>
<interp inst="def2-238-18780211" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def2-238-18780211" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SUSAN WILLIAMS</hi> (7)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-238-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-238-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-238-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>Unlaw
<lb/>fully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-47" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-47" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CLARK</persName> </hi>. I am shopman at a draper's shop, 386, Bethnal Green Road—on 14th January the child Susan Williams came in for three yards of calico, which came to 5 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; she tendered a bad fourpenny piece and three halfpence—I told her that it was bad and to go home and tell her mother to come, as she said that her mother gave it to her—she left and did not return—I kept the money—I had seen her before on 8th January at Wilderspin's potato-stall outside our shop, who handed me a bad fourpenny piece—I bent it and gave it back to him—I saw the child again on January 17th in Maple Street, and the mother too, and her child just outside the street-door—Susan went to Mr. Muller's door, and I followed her and spoke to Mr. Muller—I looked in his till and found some coppers and a bad shilling, which I marked—the constable has it and the fourpenny piece.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. Muller's shop is 200 yards from where I saw them standing—the other girl is a little taller.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-48" type="surname" value="MULLER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-48" type="given" value="THEODORE"/>THEODORE MULLER</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, of 27, Cheshire Street—on 17th January a little girl who I never saw before came for some butter—I cannot say whether it was the prisoner Susan—she gave me a bad shilling—I put it in the till where there was nothing but coppers, gave her the change, and she left; Mr. Clark came in, looked in the till, and found the shilling—I tried it and marked it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-49" type="surname" value="WILDERSPIN"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-49" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WILDERSPIN</persName> </hi>. I keep a potato-stall in Bethnal Green Road—early in January a child who I do not know bought some potatoes of me and gave me a fourpenny piece—Mr. Clark was near, and I gave it to him, he tried it with his mouth and bent it—I said to the child, "Take it home to your mother, and tell her it is a bad one—I never got another bad fourpenny piece from a child when Clark was there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-50" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-50" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-50" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>. I live at 69, Cheshire Street, and sell tobacco—about three weeks before Christmas the prisoner Susan came in for some tobacco; and tendered a fourpenny piece in payment—I said that it was a bad one; she said she would take it back to her mother, but I kept it, and the prisoner Ann came and said that she wanted her money back, what did I keep it for—I gave it to her—the girl had been there six weeks before for half a pint of ale and gave me a sixpence—I put it in my pocket where there was no other silver, and gave her the change—five minutes after she had left I found it was bad, and gave it to Warner.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110012"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-51" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-51" type="surname" value="POOLE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-51" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE POOLE</persName> </hi>. I keep a general shop at 50, Cheshire Street—the prisoners are neighbours of mine—the child came to me last August for a quarter of a pound of yellow soap, and tendered a shilling—I doubted it, but knowing her I gave her the change and put it in the till where there was no other money—a few minutes afterwards another little girl came in and asked me for a shilling for sixpenny worth of halfpence and sixpence; my husband gave her this shilling, and three or four minutes afterwards she came back and said that it was bad—the girl was this girl's bigger sister, and she told me that her other sister gave it to her—I recognised it as the same shilling, I am positive of it—I gave it to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. That was on the Bank holiday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-52" type="surname" value="WARNER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-52" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WARNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi>). On 18th January I, went to 83, Maple Street, and found Ann Williams there; she said "Oh, Lord! what are you coming about, is it money you want?"—I said "What have you got in your hand?"—she tendered me some money—the younger prisoner came in and commenced crying—I said "You will be taken in custody for passing bad money in shops in the neighbourhood"—she said "I know nothing about it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-53" type="surname" value="DYKE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-53" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED DYKE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I went with Warner to Maple Street—I asked Ann Williams who that man was she was with yesterday—she said "Stephen Kean"—I said "You know he has been in trouble"—she said "Yes"—Kean is a well-known coiner and has been convicted of coining—I produce a fourpenny piece which I received from Clark, and two shillings, one of which I received from Muller.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-54" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-54" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Ann Williams's Defence</hi>. It was me that sent my little girl in for six-pence and sixpenny worth of halfpence, and I should not have done that if I had sent a shilling in before. I was not at home from 5 till 10.30 at night.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-238-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-238-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-238-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-239">
<interp inst="t18780211-239" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-239" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-239-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-239-18780211 t18780211-239-offence-1 t18780211-239-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-239-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-239-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18780211" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18780211" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18780211" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY ROSE</hi> (20)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-239-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-239-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-239-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-56" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-56" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-56" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE PERRY</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Bricklayers' Arms, Nassau Street, Limehouse, kept by John Moore—on Saturday, 26th January, about 4.15, I served the prisoner with a quarter of a pound of tobacco; he gave me a half-crown; I told him it was bad, and told Mrs. Moore, who asked him where he got it—he said that a sailor gave it him in the Highway—he returned the tobacco as he said that he had not money to pay for it, and took a pennyworth, which he paid for with coppers—I spoke to my master, who went after him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-57" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-57" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MOORE</persName> </hi>. I keep the Bricklayers' Arms—on 26th January I was called by the barmaid and ran a long way and caught the prisoner, who was 40 or 50 yards before me—I asked him where the half-crown was—he said "Here it is," and gave it to me—I gave him in charge with the half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I put it in my pocket and pulled it out again with a lot of silver, but I had no other half-crown—I had taken bad money on several Saturdays, and I had two bad florins and a bad shilling in my pocket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-58" type="surname" value="CLEMENTS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-58" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CLEMENTS</persName> </hi>. I keep the White Hart, Queen Street, Ratcliff—on 4th January the prisoner came in for a penny worth of tobacco, and gave me a bad shilling—I said "Where did you get this from?"—he said "I got</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110013"/>
<p>it up the Highway;" I was selling songs and got it of a sailor, and gave him 11 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I took the tobacco from him and let him go.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARTHUR EEYNOLDS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 617). I took the prisoner—he said that he had no address; Mr. Moore gave me this half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-59" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-59" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM J. WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half-crown is bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I get my living by selling songs. I sold one of these songs (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) and gave the man change for a half-crown. I then went to buy some tobacco and the barmaid said that the coin was bad. I know nothing about the shilling. I was not put among others to be identified. Mr. Sutton, the landlord of the place where I live, can prove that I was in Woolwich.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-60" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-60" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MOORE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). When I came up to the prisoner he had this bag of songs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-239-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-239-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-239-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-240">
<interp inst="t18780211-240" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-240" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-240-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-240-18780211 t18780211-240-offence-1 t18780211-240-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-240-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-240-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18780211" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18780211" type="surname" value="ROBERTSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18780211" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ALLEN ROBERTSON</hi> (25)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-240-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-240-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-240-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18780211-240-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-240-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-240-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="italic">to three indictments for</hi> Stealing watches of
<persName id="t18780211-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-62" type="surname" value="WINTERHALDER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-62" type="given" value="RAPHAEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-240-offence-1 t18780211-name-62"/>Raphael Winterhalder</persName> and
<persName id="t18780211-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-63" type="surname" value="SHARWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-63" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-240-offence-1 t18780211-name-63"/>Samuel Sharwood</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-240-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-240-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-240-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-240-18780211 t18780211-240-punishment-4"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs>. And</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-241">
<interp inst="t18780211-241" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-241" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-241-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-241-18780211 t18780211-241-offence-1 t18780211-241-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-241-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-241-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18780211" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18780211" type="surname" value="DRAPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18780211" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DRAPER</hi> (27)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<rs id="t18780211-241-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-241-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-241-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling of
<persName id="t18780211-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-65" type="surname" value="REA"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-65" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-241-offence-1 t18780211-name-65"/>Charles Rea</persName>, and stealing three rings and other articles, his property.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-241-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-241-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-241-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-241-18780211 t18780211-241-punishment-5"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18780211-241-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-241-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-241-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-242">
<interp inst="t18780211-242" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-242" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-242-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-242-18780211 t18780211-242-offence-1 t18780211-242-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-242-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-242-18780211 t18780211-242-offence-2 t18780211-242-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-242-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-242-18780211" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-242-18780211" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-242-18780211" type="surname" value="TOPP"/>
<interp inst="def1-242-18780211" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA TOPP</hi> (23)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-242-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-242-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-242-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<rs id="t18780211-242-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-242-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-242-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of money, with intent to defraud,
<hi rend="italic">also to</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18780211-242-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-242-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-242-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Stealing a pair of sheets, and other articles, of
<persName id="t18780211-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-67" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-67" type="given" value="ISIDORE SIGISMUND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-242-offence-2 t18780211-name-67"/>Isidore Sigismund Gordon</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-242-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-242-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-242-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-242-18780211 t18780211-242-punishment-6"/>Two Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-243">
<interp inst="t18780211-243" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-243" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-243-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-243-18780211 t18780211-243-offence-1 t18780211-243-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-243-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-243-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18780211" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18780211" type="surname" value="GOLDRING"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18780211" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE GOLDRING</hi> (36)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-243-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-243-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-243-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> Stealing, whilst employed under the Post-office, a post letter, contain
<lb/>ing a sovereign, the property of Her Majesty's Postmaster General.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-243-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-243-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-243-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-243-18780211 t18780211-243-punishment-7"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18780211-243-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-243-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-243-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-244">
<interp inst="t18780211-244" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-244" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-244-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-244-18780211 t18780211-244-offence-1 t18780211-244-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-244-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-244-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18780211" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18780211" type="surname" value="SAYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18780211" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR SAYER</hi> (22)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-244-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-244-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-244-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>to a like offence.</rs>
<rs id="t18780211-244-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-244-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-244-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-244-18780211 t18780211-244-punishment-8"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18780211-244-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-244-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-244-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">And</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-245">
<interp inst="t18780211-245" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-245" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-245-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-245-18780211 t18780211-245-offence-1 t18780211-245-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-245-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-245-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18780211" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18780211" type="surname" value="GILBERT-HUTCHINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18780211" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL GILBERT-HUTCH
<lb/>INGS</hi> (42)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-245-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-245-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-245-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> Stealing a dozen jerseys of
<persName id="t18780211-name-71" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-71" type="surname" value="HINE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-71" type="given" value="WILLIAM BAKER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-245-offence-1 t18780211-name-71"/>William Baker Hine</persName> and another, his masters.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-245-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-245-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-245-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-245-18780211 t18780211-245-punishment-9"/>Three Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18780211-245-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-245-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-245-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-246">
<interp inst="t18780211-246" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-246" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-246-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-246-18780211 t18780211-246-offence-1 t18780211-246-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-246-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-246-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18780211" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18780211" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18780211" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WEBB</hi> (37)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-246-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-246-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-246-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Stealing a kitchen range, value 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the property of the
<persName id="t18780211-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-73" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-246-offence-1 t18780211-name-73"/>Carron Company</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-74" type="surname" value="LAMBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-74" type="given" value="ALBERT EBENEZER"/>ALBERT EBENEZER LAMBERT</persName> </hi>. I live at 13, Colton Street, Mile-end—I was a warehouseman in the service of the Carron Company, in Thames Street, for two and a half years—I am 23 years of age—the company sell ranges and ironwork of all descriptions—when I sell property I do not know the price of the articles, they have a number—on Thursday, 17th January, I was at the warehouse—about 12 o'clock I saw the prisoner there, he had been there on previous occasions and I had sold him goods—I knew his name but not his address—he asked me for a jamb-plate and copper door (I wont with him into the underground part of the warehouse) the value of which I believe would be 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—after selecting them I went with him upstairs—he said he wanted to look at some ranges—I took him up to the third floor, and he selected a closed range—he then said "Can you let me have the range without the people in the counting-house knowing anything about it?"—we went on explaining the working of the range for a few minutes, after that he said if I would</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110014"/>
<p>let him have it he would give me 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I hesitated for some time and afterwards said I would try and do so—nothing more passed—we went down into the warehouse—I saw Mr. Stevens, the warehouse clerk, and had the jamb-plate and copper door booked—I got this check and filed it in the counting-house—that was to enable the cashier to make out the invoice—I left the prisoner in the counting-house to pay for the articles—I returned to the third floor and lowered the range into the prisoner's truck which was in the yard, in charge of his man, Bryant—I then went over to a public-house, the prisoner beckoned me there—we had a glass of ale, and he gave me 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he said he was short of money, or he had no more money—nothing was said about my getting the other 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—we did not remain more than two minutes in the public-house, and when I went back to the yard the truck had gone—next evening, about a quarter-past five, Bryant came to me, he made some statement—I then found that when I had lowered the range the stop-cock and the bottom plate had been accidentally left behind; I gave them to Bryant—I did not have them booked—shortly afterwards I was sent for, and Mr. Young spoke to me on the subject; he had the stop-cock and bottom, they had been taken from Bryant—I told Mr. Brown, the assistant manager, all that had occurred with the prisoner the previous day—on Monday, the 21st, I went with Moss, the officer, to 37, Pigot Street, Limehouse, and there saw a kitchen range, which I identified as the one I had lowered down.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The prisoner had told Mr. Brown where he had fixed the range—it had another top and bottom to it, not our manufacture—a discount of 25 per cent, is allowed by the firm to small tradesmen for cash only—the prisoner has paid cash on many occasions—I had never had such a transaction as this before—I said nothing about this till Bryant had been brought back by Mr. Brown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-75" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-75" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BRYANT</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer—I cannot read or write—on Thursday, 17th January, I went with the prisoner and a truck to the Carron Company—a range was lowered by Lambert down into the truck which had the prisoner's name on it—I wheeled it away—I thought it was all right—next morning the prisoner gave me this bill and told me to go and get the bottom and cock and see Lambert—I went and got them from Lambert, and as I left I was stopped and the things were taken from me—I afterwards told the prisoner what had occurred.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I had been at work for the prisoner 12 months as a bricklayer's labourer—he told me about 11 on the Thursday morning that he wanted me to take the truck to the Carron Company and fetch away a range—I knew of Mrs. Langford's order to have a kitchen range put into her house in Pigot Road—I took the range there next morning—I had been at the Carron Company's place several times before—I did not know there was anything wrong in this matter—I was not hurrying away when I was stopped.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-76" type="surname" value="CAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-76" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CAIN</persName> </hi>. I am cashier in the service of the Carron Company
<lb/>on 17th January I made out this invoice of the jamb plate and copper door from this check which I found on the file—the price was 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. with the discount off—the prisoner paid me and I gave him a receipt—Lambert brought him into the counting-house and left him there—those were the only two articles that I received the money for—they were booked to the prisoner—on the Monday following I saw him in the counting-house—between 9 and 10 a. m.—he said "I am the man who had the range",</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110015"/>
<p>and I went and called the manager's son—the police had been commu
<lb/>nicated with—at that time the range was never entered, and I was not aware that it had been taken away—we do not as a rule give credit to small dealers like the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-77" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-77" type="given" value="FREDERICK FREELING"/>FREDERICK FREELING YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I am warehouse clerk in the employment of the Carron Company—on Friday evening, 18th January, between 5 and 6, I saw the witness Bryant hurrying out of our yard—I stopped him and took him back to the warehouse and found that he had this stop-cock and bottom—he showed me this invoice and made some statement—on the Monday I went with the police sergeant and Lambert to 37, Pigot Street, and saw the range, which I identified as our property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-78" type="surname" value="MOSS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-78" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MOSS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). I was communicated with about this range—I saw the prisoner on the Monday morning in Thames Street near the Carron Company's premises—I told him that—I was a police officer and that he was accused of having received a kitchen range and also inciting a warehouseman named Lambert to steal the same—I asked if he had any explanation to give, and I took down his statement—he said "All I have got to say is that I had not got sufficient money to pay for the range, and I would call on Monday to pay for it; I gave the man half a sovereign for himself, 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and a glass of ale"—I asked him the name of the man—he said "Bryant, I sent him for the tap and bottom; if I had meant anything wrong I should not have sent the man, I should have come myself"—he said the price of the range was 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., deducting the discount—I asked him where the range was—he said he had set it in a house of Mrs. Langford's in Pigot Street, Limehouse—I said "You must have known that it was unusual for goods to leave the premises in that way, not invoiced—he said "Yes, but they would not let me have the range on credit, I meant paying them for it"—I searched him and found 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-79" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-79" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of the Carron Company—in the absence of my father I attended to matters on the Friday—in consequence of what I heard I wrote to the prisoner requesting him to call on Saturday at 12—he did not call on Saturday—I saw him on the Monday morning about 10 o'clock, Moss was there when he came—a person in Lambert's position never receives money for goods, they are always paid for at the counting-house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I did not post the letter myself—the prisoner had seen Mr. Cain before I was called.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called the following Witnesses for the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-80" type="surname" value="LAMUDE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-80" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>REUBEN LAMUDE</persName> </hi>. I am a wheelwright and blacksmith at Limehouse—on Thursday, 17th January, I saw the range on the truck near the prisoner's place of business and had some conversation with him about it, I had never seen one like it—I said it was three feet long; he said no, and I measured it and it was two feet ten—I asked him what it cost—he said he had not paid for it yet—nothing was said about where it came from—I have known him fourteen or fifteen years, I have done a great deal of work for him, and always found him honest and upright.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-81" type="surname" value="IVES"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-81" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY IVES</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Messrs. Blundell Brothers, of West India Dock Road—I have had business transactions with the prisoner for ten years, but. I have known him 12 or 14—he has borne an irre
<lb/>proachable character; I have trusted him with thousands of pounds, worth of property—he has worked for our firm—on Thursday evening,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110016"/>
<p>17th February, he was inquiring for me, and I saw him on Friday morning—he asked me if I could certify for some jobs he had been doing, as he wanted the money to pay for a range he had been having from the Carron Wharf, which he had promised to pay for.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. My employers owed him money, 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I am not positive of the exact amount—I told the cashier to advance him 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the Friday—some of it had been owing two or three weeks, for jobbing-work—perhaps more—he might have had it before, I dare say, if it was convenient to them to pay it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. The cashier said he did not think it possible to pay him that day, but he would endeavour to do so on the Saturday—I said "Well, he wants the money; pay him if convenient"—he could not get it without my certificate.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Other Witnesses deposed to the Prisoner's good character</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-246-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-246-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-246-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-247">
<interp inst="t18780211-247" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-247" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-247-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-247-18780211 t18780211-247-offence-1 t18780211-247-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-247-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-247-18780211 t18780211-247-offence-1 t18780211-247-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-247-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-247-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18780211" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18780211" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18780211" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMPSON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THOMPSON WALKER</hi> (25)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-247-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-247-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-247-18780211" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-247-18780211" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def2-247-18780211" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SMITH</hi> (35)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-247-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-247-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-247-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>Stealing a waistcoat and a pair of trousers of
<persName id="t18780211-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-84" type="surname" value="GIBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-84" type="given" value="GEORGE MATTHEW"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-247-offence-1 t18780211-name-84"/>George Matthew Gibson</persName> and others, their masters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GRIFFITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">TAMPLIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Walker, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Smith</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-85" type="surname" value="GIBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-85" type="given" value="GEORGE MATTHEW"/>GEORGE MATTHEW GIBSON</persName> </hi>. I am a partner in the firm of Devas, Routledge, and Co., 20, Cannon Street—the prisoners were in our employ
<lb/>ment, Walker as foreman of the cutters, whose duty was to overlook the clothing department; and Smith as a cutter—on Monday, 11th January, in consequence of information I received, Mr. Routledge, in Smith's presence, said to Walker "How do you account for the parcel that was taken out on Friday?"—he said "I bought it myself"—Mr. Routledge said "You had better be careful, as we know all about it; I have got evidence to refute that"—Walker then said "I had the clothes made up in the department and sold them to Smith for 26
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>."—a police
<lb/>man was there and they were given into custody—our employes are allowed to purchase goods for themselves or friends, but not without a permit; if they got a permit they would be entered in due course, and when executed would go through the entering-room, just as in the case of an ordinary customer—they would not be allowed to leave the premises until paid for—there is a workman's door by which the workmen come in—it would be against the rule for parcels to go out at that door.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. Mr. Routledge is not here—I received the information on the Friday evening, it might have been on the Saturday morning—the hours on Saturday are from 9 to 2—Walker would have a good deal of valuable property pass through h is hands—Tansey, the detective, was present in plain clothes when Walker was spoken to by Mr. Routledge—I never heard of goods purchased by our servants going out without being paid for—I can't swear that it has never taken place; it would be irregular—there was a fire near our premises on the Saturday, which caused some excitement.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>. I did not wish to press the case before the Lord Mayor, I wanted to make it as lenient as possible; I left it entirely in the Lord Mayor's hands—Walker stated there that Smith was innocent of any felonious design in the transaction.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-86" type="surname" value="STEVENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-86" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER STEVENSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 72, Beall Road, Old Ford—I am a cutter at Messrs. Devas and Co. 's—on the Monday previous to Friday, 11th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110017"/>
<p>January, about 10 minutes to 5, Smith came to me and wanted me to take an order in hand for him for a pair of black trousers and waistcoat—it passed over till Wednesday, and I declined to take it, as I had an order in hand from the firm at the time—it is usual for the workmen to have a permit from the firm if they want clothes made up, and I advised Smith to get a permit in the usual way—Walker afterwards brought me a sheet, and I cut out the things—on Friday, the 11th, as I was going down
<lb/>stairs, I saw Arenberg going out with a parcel through the workmen's door, which I thought not the right way—I afterwards went to Chap
<lb/>man's public-house, at the corner of Bow Lane—Smith came in with a parcel under his arm—I said "Have you got the stuff all right?"—he said "Yes"—I said "Have you paid for it?"—he said "Yes"—I said "Did you get a receipt?"—he said "No"—I said I thought he was a fool—we afterwards went to the Poulterers' Arms—I asked him to show me the goods, and he did so; they were the trousers and waistcoat that I had cut out—they are worth 22
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he said he had made up his mind to give information to Mr. McPherson—he is the buyer and manager—I afterwards spoke to Mr. McPherson.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I am a pattern-cutter—I was under Walker—when Smith came to give me the order I advised him to put it into the hands of Walker, and I got the order to cut out the things—I don't know at what time the cashier left on Friday—I told Smith he was a fool to pay fur them without taking a receipt, as he might have to pay a second time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-87" type="surname" value="ARENBERG"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-87" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>SOLOMON ARENBERG</persName> </hi>. I am a cutter in the prosecutor's employ—on 11th January, between 4 and 5 o'clock, Walker said to me "I nave got to meet Mr. McPherson, will you oblige me by taking my overcoat downstairs and leave it at the public-house at the corner of Friday Street?"—it was wrapped in a sheet of brown paper, and I took it out at the workmen's door and left it at the bar of the public-house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I did not think there was anything wrong or I should not have taken it—I was spoken to on the Monday by the detective, and then told this.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. If I had known that the parcel contained new clothes I should not have taken it out at that door.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-88" type="surname" value="DELLAR"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-88" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY DELLAR</persName> </hi>. I keep the White Horse at the corner of Friday Street—Arenberg brought me a parcel on Friday between 4 and 5 o'clock—I put it under the counter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-89" type="surname" value="DELLAR"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-89" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE DELLAR</persName> </hi>. I gave the parcel to Walker about 5. 50—he came and asked for it—I think Smith was with him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-90" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-90" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS BAKER</persName> </hi>. I am a house painter, of 3, Oswald Terrace, Peckham—Smith lives a few doors from me—about 7th January I gave him an order for some trousers and a waistcoat, and on Friday he brought them, and I paid him 36
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FULTON</hi>. I had known him about 12 months—I always found him honest and respectable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-91" type="surname" value="MCPHERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-91" type="given" value="DUNCAN"/>DUNCAN MCPHERSON</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the prosecutor's clothing department—Smith first entered the service in July, 1877, and left on 9th November—he returned on 6th January—the employes are supposed to know the rules and regulations of the firm; they become acquainted with them by practice—if they want a garment they go to the department and ask for it, and it would be entered—they would not be allowed to leave</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110018"/>
<p>the premises without payment—we close at 6 o'clock, and on Saturdays at 2 o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. On this Saturday there was a good deal of excitement on account of a fire close by—I have known clothes taken away without being paid for; that would be by a buyer—I have done it, but not before they are entered.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-92" type="surname" value="TANSEY"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-92" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>"WILLIAM TANSEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 553). The prisoners were given into my custody—I heard the conversation between Mr. Routledge and Walker.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners' Statements before the Magistrate. Walker</hi>: "I am guilty, but Smith is innocent of the charge, and he knows nothing about it."
<hi rend="italic">Smith</hi>: "I have nothing to say."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners received good characters</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALKER</hi>
<rs id="t18780211-247-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-247-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-247-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Prosecutor</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-247-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-247-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-247-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-247-18780211 t18780211-247-punishment-10"/>Four Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">SMITH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-247-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-247-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-247-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-248">
<interp inst="t18780211-248" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-248" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-248-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-248-18780211 t18780211-248-offence-1 t18780211-248-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-248-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-248-18780211 t18780211-248-offence-2 t18780211-248-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-248-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-248-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18780211" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18780211" type="surname" value="MEAD"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18780211" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MEAD</hi> (22)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-248-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-248-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-248-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>Stealing, whilst employed for the Post
<lb/>office, two post letters, containing four Bank of England notes, the property of the Postmaster-General,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </rs>
<persName id="def2-248-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-248-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-248-18780211" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-248-18780211" type="surname" value="COKER"/>
<interp inst="def2-248-18780211" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONATHAN COKER</hi> (23)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-248-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-248-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-248-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>Feloniously receiving. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-248-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-248-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-248-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Coker</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-95" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-95" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DAVIDSON</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Messrs. Wilson and Glenny, Scotch tweed manufacturers—on 5th November last I made up two letters, addressed to Mr. Cowan, and two letters addressed to Mrs. John Graham, containing the halves of four 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and one 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bank notes, and the corresponding halves—I put one letter for each party into the office letter box, the other two I put on Mr. Glenny's desk—the notes I put in the box were afterwards brought to me stamped, and I put them in the letter bag belonging to the firm, which was given to Robert Oliver, the message boy—I took the numbers of the notes—I produce it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-96" type="surname" value="GLENNY"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-96" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES GLENNY</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Wilson and Glenny—on 5th November I gave instructions to my clerk, Davidson, and afterwards found two opened letters on my desk, one addressed to Mr. Cowan, the other-to Mrs. Graham—I closed the envelopes and placed them in the letter box for post.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-97" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-97" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT OLIVER</persName> </hi>. I am a messenger at Messrs. Wilson and Glenny's—it is my duty to take the letters from the letter box and stamp them—I did so on 5th November, and gave the letters to Mr. Davidson—he examined them and put them in the office letter bag—I afterwards took the letter bag to the post-office and posted all the letters.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-98" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-98" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE GRAHAM</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Mr. John Graham, of Low Wood, Mill Hill, Hendon—I did not receive any letter from Mr. Davidson con
<lb/>taining 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in bank notes on the 6th of November, nor on any day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-99" type="surname" value="COWAN"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-99" type="given" value="GEORGE INGLIS"/>GEORGE INGLIS COWAN</persName> </hi>. I am agent for Messrs. Wilson and Glenny, of Glasshouse Street, Regent Street—I never received a letter containing the halves of two 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-100" type="surname" value="CLEGG"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-100" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CLEGG</persName> </hi>. I am an inspector of letter carriers of the Eastern Central District Office at the General Post-office—Mead was employed there on 6th November—unsorted letters coming from Scotland would come into the Eastern Central Office for delivery and into the part where the prisoner was on duty—I know Coker well—he resigned on the 20th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110019"/>
<p>February, 1875—he was in the same office as Mead, and at the same time—Mead was appointed in 1870 I believe.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. Coker was employed in the office four years—when arrested he was employed as clerk at the Bricklayers' Arms station—I have not heard anything against his character.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-101" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-101" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-101" type="given" value="HOLMAN"/>HOLMAN SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Bank of England—on reference to my book I find that I took four notes and endorsed one "Elwood" and the figure 4—the address in Tooley Street was there before—I do not take the numbers of the notes—I cashed them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-102" type="surname" value="HACKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-102" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HACKMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier in the Bank of England, and stationed about half a dozen yards from Holman Smith—these three notes were presented to me on 7th September—I think about 1 o'clock—the name "W. Thompson, 4, King's Road, Bedford Row," was en
<lb/>dorsed on two of them—1 cashed the notes, giving gold in exchange—I do not know the person who brought the notes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-103" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-103" type="given" value="CHARLES JOHN"/>CHARLES JOHN WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am in the Accountants' office of the Bank of England—there are never two notes of the same number and value, date and amount, in circulation at the same time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-104" type="surname" value="ELWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-104" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB ELWOOD</persName> </hi>. I live in Tooley Street, and am a publican—I have seen these notes—my name and address are not written by my authority—I do not know the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-105" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-105" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am an auctioneer, of 4, King's Road, Bedford Row—the endorsement, "W. Thompson," on these notes is not written by my authority—I do not know the prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-106" type="surname" value="STEPHENS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-106" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES STEPHENS</persName> </hi> I am a clerk in the missing letter depart
<lb/>ment of the Post-office—in consequence of what occurred in the Eastern Central District Office I investigated the matter—ultimately Coker was brought to me at the Post-office by Butler—I said to Coker "I wish to put a few a few questions to you. Do you know a person of the name of Charles Mead?"—he said "Yes, I was formerly in the same office"—I said "Has he over given you any Bank of England notes?"—he replied "No"—I said "Has he ever sent you any, or the proceeds of any, Bank of England notes through the post?"—he replied "No"—I then produced the seven notes, and pointing to the endorsement, "W. Thompson" and "Jacob Elwood," said "Do you know anything of these?"—he said "Yes, that is my writing," pointing to the endorsement—he also said "Mead gave them to me and told me what names and addresses to write upon them. He sometimes used to give me half a sovereign. I understood they were proceeds of a betting transaction." He also said that Mead told him to get them changed at the Bank of England, and what names and addresses to write upon them—I then asked him if Mead had ever given him any other notes to get changed at the Bank of England—he replied "Yes, and he told me what names and addresses to write upon them"—I asked him if a portmanteau which was in the room was Mead's—he said "Yes, he sent it to my house"—I said, "Did you know it was coming?"—he replied, "Yes, he sent me a telegram to say that it was coming"—Mead was then in another room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. Mead and Coker were afterwards con
<lb/>fronted—when Mead was asked if he gave Coker the notes he said "Quite right, I did"—Coker was not under my observation, he resigned in Feb-ruary, 1875.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110020"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-107" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-107" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am a police-constable attached to the Post-office. On the 14th January I saw Mead leave the Post-office. He was joined by Coker, and they walked to the Bank of England and then separated—the next day I saw Coker at the Bricklayers' Arms station of the South Eastern Railway, about 2 o'clock, where he was employed as a temporary clerk—I said to him, "I am a police-officer in the General Post-office, I want you to go there"—he said "All right"—I said "Do you know a man named Short"—he replied, "No"—I said, "Do you know a man named Mead"—he said "Yes, I know Mr. Mead"—I said, "Do you not know him as Short"—he said, "Well, I do and I don't"—I said, "Mead is in custody at the General Post-office on suspicion of stealing letters"—he said "I am very sorry to hear that"—I said, "It is believed that you are implicated in the matter, and you will have to go to the Post-office with me for the matter to be investigated"—he said, "Very well, I know nothing about it"—I told him I had a cab outside and I wanted to take Mead's portmanteau with me also—he said, "Very well, it is at home, you can go and get it"—I went in the cab with Coker to 11, Rolls Road, where he lived—I found the portmanteau in Coker's bedroom—Mead lodged at Poplar—I asked Coker what was in the portmanteau—he said he did not know—I took Coker and the portmanteau to the Post-office—I have heard the witness Stephens narrate the conversation—it is quite correct—I cautioned Coker—I afterwards saw the two prisoners con
<lb/>fronted, but before that Mead said he should like to see Coker—Mead shook hands with Coker and said, "Cheer up, Jack, we have got into it at last"—Coker nodded assent, but did not say anything—Mead was rather jocular, and said, "We shall have a chance of seeing Kurr and Benson now"—Coker said, "Pretty
<hi rend="italic">pals</hi> them."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>. I found the portmanteau was locked—I have not found the key but I have opened it and found stolen property in it—I saw Coker's landlady, and inquired about him—I cannot say I heard anything against his character.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COKER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-248-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-248-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-248-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-248-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-248-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-248-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-248-18780211 t18780211-248-punishment-11"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MEAD</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-248-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-248-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-248-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-248-18780211 t18780211-248-punishment-12"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February </hi>12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18780211-name-108" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-108" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-108" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm Kerr</persName>, Esq</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-249">
<interp inst="t18780211-249" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-249" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-249-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-249-18780211 t18780211-249-offence-1 t18780211-249-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-249-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-249-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18780211" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18780211" type="surname" value="KEMP"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18780211" type="given" value="HUGH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUGH KEMP</hi> (21)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-249-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-249-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-249-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Feloniously forging and uttering an accept
<lb/>ance to a bill of exchange for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. with intent to defraud.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner. having stated in the hearing of the Jury that he wished to withdraw his plea of Not Guilty, the Jury found a verdict of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-249-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-249-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-249-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-249-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-249-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-249-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-249-18780211 t18780211-249-punishment-13"/>Eighteen Months' Imprison
<lb/>ment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-250">
<interp inst="t18780211-250" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-250" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-250-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-250-18780211 t18780211-250-offence-1 t18780211-250-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-250-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-250-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-250-18780211" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-250-18780211" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-250-18780211" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SMITH</hi> (20)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-250-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-250-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-250-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>Robbery on
<persName id="t18780211-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-111" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-250-offence-1 t18780211-name-111"/>John Lewis</persName> and stealing from his person one coat his property.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Upon the opening of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DENISON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that this was not a case of highway robbery, but of a street quarrel, and helping the Prosecutor off with his coat to encourage a fight; moreover the Grand Jury had ignored the Bill against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED DAVEY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">who was originally charged with the Prisoner</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-250-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-250-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-250-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="fault"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-251">
<interp inst="t18780211-251" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-251" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-251-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-251-18780211 t18780211-251-offence-1 t18780211-251-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-251-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-251-18780211 t18780211-251-offence-1 t18780211-251-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-251-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-251-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-251-18780211" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-251-18780211" type="surname" value="KEIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-251-18780211" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK KEIGHT</hi> (32)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-251-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-251-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-251-18780211" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def2-251-18780211" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def2-251-18780211" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ABRAHAM ALLEN</hi> (44)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-251-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-251-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-251-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>Breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18780211-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-114" type="surname" value="SAVAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-114" type="given" value="ASTLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-251-offence-1 t18780211-name-114"/>Astley Savage</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110021"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MILWOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AUSTIN METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Allen</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-115" type="surname" value="ALDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-115" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL ALDRIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I am stationed at Enfield—on 24th December, about 5. 40, I was on duty in Nag's Head Lane and met the two prisoners and a man not in custody—I heard one of them say "Well, go and see"—two of them went to the front garden of Aldborough Villa, where Mr. Savage lives—Allen passed me and Knight and the other went into the garden—I went to two cottages and ascertained that there was no one living in the house—I obtained assistance and went back and saw Allen go back to the house again—I found the front door open—I stationed two men at the back and two at the front and saw Allen come back again—I rushed out and caught hold of him, and said "I shall take you in custody for being concerned in breaking into this house"—he said "I have been down with a female, I had nothing to do with it"—he tried to get away and I threw him down—Knight came up and held up this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> to strike me, but I hit him on the head with a walking-stick and knocked him down—he attempted it again and the stick and
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> came in contact—he attempted it a third time, and I knocked him down again—the witnesses came up and I saw fire fly out of two iron instruments—they all rushed to the hedge together and the prisoners were taken—on Knight was found this dark lantern wrapped up in
<hi rend="italic">Reynolds's Newspaper</hi>, two half return railway tickets, some silver, some bronze, and some lucifers—on Allen was found some silver and bronze, half a railway ticket, and a portion of
<hi rend="italic">Reynolds's Newspaper</hi>—Collins gave me this jemmy—I went back to the spot and found this other half railway ticket—I found marks on the door of the house corresponding with the double claw of this jemmy—on 18th January James pointed out to me the spot where he found some skeleton keys, that was the place where they all went into the hedge together.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. METCALFE</hi>. I first saw Allen at 20 minutes to 6 with Knight—he was carrying an umbrella—I was not in uniform—the scuffle took place six or seven minutes after I first saw them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Knight</hi>. On searching you I did not rip this newspaper in two.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-116" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-116" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>NATHANIEL COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I am a gardener, of Nag's Head Lane, Enfield—on 24th December, Aldridge came there about 5. 30, and in consequence of what he said I went with him to Mr. Savage's house, and saw him lay hold of Allen and throw him on the ground, and Knight came out to strike him with a
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi>, but was knocked back three times, and Lawrence hit him and knocked the
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> out of his hand.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Knight</hi>. You struck me with the
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> on my left arm.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>. I had not seen Allen before that night—he was not dressed exactly as he is now; he had a white handkerchief round his neck and was walking on the public footpath—I think he had an umbrella in his hand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-117" type="surname" value="LAURENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-117" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE LAURENCE</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, at the Nag's Head, Enfield—on the evening of 24th December, about 5. 40, Collins called me to assist him; Replaced me in the front garden of Mr. Savage's house, between the gate and the front door—soon afterwards I heard Aldridge call out, and saw Knight strike at Aldridge, and then he struck at me—I struck him with a short poker, and cut his hand; he went along the path and I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110022"/>
<p>struck him four times on the legs, and after he recovered I struck him once mere, and then the policeman took him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-118" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-118" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN LEE</persName> </hi>. I am servant to Mr. Savage—I locked up the house at 9. 30—I left the front door safe, took the key with me, and locked the front gate—three skeleton keys were afterwards shown to me, and I saw the inspector open the gate with them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-119" type="surname" value="GOULD"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-119" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT GOULD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). This
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> was brought to the station—I took it to Mr. Savage's house, and found that the claw of it corresponded with marks on the catch of the lock—these 19 skeleton keys were handed to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-120" type="surname" value="WOODBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-120" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WOODBRIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>). On 24th September, about 6 p. m. Aldridge brought the prisoners to the station, and charged them—on Knight was found 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, four pence, a knife, a pencil, a fuzee box and matches, a lantern, end a portion of
<hi rend="italic">Reynolds's Newspaper</hi>, and on Allen a portion of
<hi rend="italic">Reynolds's Newspaper</hi>, some dubbing, and other articles.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Knight</hi>. The
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi> was not found on you, it was found opposite the house—I did not take
<hi rend="italic">Reynolds's Newspaper</hi> from you, rip it in two, and wrap the other things in it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-121" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-121" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES JAMES</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of Enfield—on 17th January, I found some keys in a ditch, very nearly opposite the house which was broken open, and took them to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Knight's Defence</hi>. I did not interfere to hit him, I simply defended my
<lb/>self when they were hitting me. I met a man who asked me if I would go with him. I said, "Where?" He said, "To get some money." I went to Cambridge Heath railway-station with him, and he gave me a sovereign to get two tickets. I offered him the change; he said, "No, I have got holes in my pockets, I will lend you that for your wife and family." When we got to Enfield he burst the door of this house open and asked me to go in. I said, "No, I won't, I will go home; here is your ticket," and as I was going along I got knocked down and lost the ticket. I was taken to the police-station, and they took that newspaper from me and ripped it in two, and now bring it forward as evidence against me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">D. ALDRIDGE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). When I saw Allen first they were all three together—it was close under a lamp—they stopped directly I passed them—I stopped a little while in the dark, and as Allen passed me I had a good look at him, and I afterwards saw him a third time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-251-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-251-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-251-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">KEIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-251-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-251-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-251-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-251-18780211 t18780211-251-punishment-14"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was further charged with a previous conviction in August</hi>, 1865.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-122" type="surname" value="REEVES"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-122" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT REEVES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Sessions Officer, House of Correction</hi>). I produce a certificate. (
<hi rend="italic">This certified the conviction of George Henry Langford in August</hi>, 1865,
<hi rend="italic">when he was sentenced to Twelve Months' Imprisonment</hi>.) I had him in my custody—the prisoner Allen is the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-123" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-123" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SMITH</persName> </hi>. I was a warder at that time—I received Langford into my custody—Allen is the man.
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-251-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-251-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-251-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-251-18780211 t18780211-251-punishment-15"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-252">
<interp inst="t18780211-252" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-252" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-252-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-252-18780211 t18780211-252-offence-1 t18780211-252-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-252-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-252-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-252-18780211" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-252-18780211" type="surname" value="COXE"/>
<interp inst="def1-252-18780211" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS COXE</hi> (33)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-252-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-252-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-252-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<rs id="t18780211-252-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-252-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-252-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>Robbery on
<persName id="t18780211-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-125" type="surname" value="CAMBRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-125" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-252-offence-1 t18780211-name-125"/>William Cambray</persName> and stealing from his person 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., his money.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-252-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-252-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-252-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-252-18780211 t18780211-252-punishment-16"/>Five Years' penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-253">
<interp inst="t18780211-253" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-253" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-253-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-253-18780211 t18780211-253-offence-1 t18780211-253-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-253-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-253-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-253-18780211" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-253-18780211" type="surname" value="CHARTIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-253-18780211" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MATTHEW CHARTIS</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18780211-253-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-253-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-253-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> Stealing 17 dozen cuffs and 58 dozen collars, after a previous conviction at Clerkenwell in 1872—</rs>
<rs id="t18780211-253-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-253-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-253-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18780211-253-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-253-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-253-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-253-18780211 t18780211-253-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited</hi>. [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-254">
<interp inst="t18780211-254" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-254" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-254-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-254-18780211 t18780211-254-offence-1 t18780211-254-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-254-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-254-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-254-18780211" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-254-18780211" type="surname" value="MANSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-254-18780211" type="given" value="HENRY FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY FREDERICK MANSELL</hi> (23)</persName> to
<rs id="t18780211-254-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-254-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-254-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>three indictments for Feloniously forging and uttering post-office orders for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110023"/>
<hi rend="italic">Recom
<lb/>mended to mercy by the Prosecutor</hi>.)—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-254-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-254-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-254-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-254-18780211 t18780211-254-punishment-18"/>Twelve Months Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18780211-254-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-254-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-254-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-255">
<interp inst="t18780211-255" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-255" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-255-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-255-18780211 t18780211-255-offence-1 t18780211-255-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-255-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-255-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18780211" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18780211" type="surname" value="MONTAGUE"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18780211" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MONTAGUE</hi> (29)</persName> to
<rs id="t18780211-255-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-255-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-255-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18780211-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-129" type="surname" value="DODSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-129" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-255-offence-1 t18780211-name-129"/>Thomas Dodson</persName> and stealing therein three pairs of trousers and other articles, his property, after a previous conviction at Clerkenwell in February, 1868, in the name of Frederick Jones.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-255-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-255-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-255-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-255-18780211 t18780211-255-punishment-19"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18780211-255-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-255-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-255-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-256">
<interp inst="t18780211-256" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-256" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-256-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-256-18780211 t18780211-256-offence-1 t18780211-256-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-256-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-256-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18780211" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18780211" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18780211" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONATHAN BEARD</hi> (32)</persName> to
<rs id="t18780211-256-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-256-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-256-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Uttering a forged order for the payment of 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-256-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-256-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-256-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-256-18780211 t18780211-256-punishment-20"/>Eighteen Months Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18780211-256-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-256-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-256-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">And</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-257">
<interp inst="t18780211-257" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-257" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-257-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-257-18780211 t18780211-257-offence-1 t18780211-257-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-257-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-257-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-257-18780211" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-257-18780211" type="surname" value="MILES"/>
<interp inst="def1-257-18780211" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE EDWARD MILES</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18780211-257-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-257-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-257-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>
<hi rend="italic">to two indictments for</hi> Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18780211-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-132" type="surname" value="CALLAGHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-132" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-257-offence-1 t18780211-name-132"/>Mary Callaghan</persName> and
<persName id="t18780211-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-133" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-133" type="surname" value="BLUNDELLS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-133" type="given" value="LUCY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-257-offence-1 t18780211-name-133"/>Lucy Blun
<lb/>dells</persName> during the life of his wife.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-257-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-257-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-257-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-257-18780211 t18780211-257-punishment-21"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment on each indict
<lb/>ment, the second sentence to commence after the expiration of the first</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18780211-257-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-257-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-257-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Mellor</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-258">
<interp inst="t18780211-258" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-258" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-258-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-258-18780211 t18780211-258-offence-1 t18780211-258-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-258-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-258-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18780211" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18780211" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18780211" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES HICKS</hi> (34)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18780211-258-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-258-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-258-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for the Wilful murder of
<persName id="t18780211-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-135" type="surname" value="BURGESS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-135" type="given" value="BERNARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-258-offence-1 t18780211-name-135"/>Bernard Burgess</persName>. He was also charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with the manslaughter of the same person.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND, STRAIGHT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-136" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-136" type="surname" value="BURGESS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-136" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BURGESS</persName> </hi>. I live in Catherine Wheel Court, New Brentford—I am the widow of Bernard Burgess—the prisoner lodged with us for about two years—my son Henry and two daughters also lived at home—on Monday, 14th January, about 12 o'clock, while I was with my daughter, my husband came in-to dinner—the prisoner came in soon after, and went straight through into the back yard—my husband said something to me; I can't say whether the prisoner could hear what he said—my husband then went out into the front yard, and in a few minutes after the prisoner followed him out, but did not speak—I fancied that I heard a bother in the yard, and I went to the front door and saw my husband lying in the yard—he appeared unconscious—the prisoner was close to him—I said "Dear me, what is the matter?"—the prisoner replied "Missis, I am truly sorry for what I have done"—he and others helped my husband into the house, and he was put on a bed in the front room—he never spoke—the doctor came in a few minutes—my husband died about 10 o'clock on the Tuesday night—the prisoner was taken into custody about 1 o'clock on the Monday.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. When my husband came home I said "Are you going to have your dinner, Bernard?"—he said "No, I don't want any"—I said "Why?"—he said "I shan't have any more victuals in this house till there is an alteration"—he charged me with improper conduct with the prisoner—I said "I am innocent of what you are accusing me of"—it was not true—there were no words between him and the prisoner at that time—the first thing I saw was my husband lying on the stones.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-137" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-137" type="surname" value="RUTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-137" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN RUTTER</persName> </hi>. I live in New Road, Ealing Lane—on Monday, 14th January, just after 12 o'clock, I was going down Catherine-wheel Yard, and as I passed Burgess's house I saw Burgess come out and go partly across the yard—I then saw the prisoner come out; he grated his teeth very much at Burgess and then he violently shook him, and then he gave him a blow under the ear and knocked him down—he did Dot get up again—he never spoke or moved—I only saw the one severe</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110024"/>
<p>blow—while the prisoner was shaking him he said "I don't care what you do to me, but I will not be spoken against; you may hang me if you like, but you shan't say such things about me"—he used abusive language to him, calling him b—s—, and such things—Burgess did not strike him at all, I did not hear him speak to him—he seemed to back from the prisoner; there was a large ash box in the yard and he shuffled over near that and fell on some stones that are raised up there; the blow sent his head on to the stones—some men came and carried him indoors.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-138" type="surname" value="EARL"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-138" type="given" value="EDWARD SEPTIMUS"/>EDWARD SEPTIMUS EARL</persName> </hi>. I am a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, and divisional surgeon to the police at New Brentford-on Tuesday morning, 15th January, a little after 11, I went to see Burgess—I found him insensible and suffering from compression of the brain
<lb/>I examined his head—over the right ear I found a wound about an inch and a quarter in length; it was a contused punctured and lacerated wound; the puncture was very small, in the centre of the wound; it did not reach the bone—it is possible to have been caused either by a direct blow from the fist, or by falling on a hard substance like a stone, which is more probable.</p>
<rs id="t18780211-258-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-258-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-258-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of Manslaughter.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic"> The Prisoner received a good character.—
<rs id="t18780211-258-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-258-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-258-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-258-18780211 t18780211-258-punishment-22"/>Fifteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-259">
<interp inst="t18780211-259" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-259" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-259-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-259-18780211 t18780211-259-offence-1 t18780211-259-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-259-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-259-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-259-18780211" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-259-18780211" type="surname" value="POTTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-259-18780211" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM POTTER</hi> (40)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-259-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-259-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-259-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>Feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t18780211-name-140" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-140" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-140" type="surname" value="POTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-140" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-259-offence-1 t18780211-name-140"/>Annie Potter</persName>, with intent to murder.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>—with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-141" type="surname" value="AVORY"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-141" type="given" value="HORACE"/>MR. HORACE AVORY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEITH FRITH</hi> with
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEWART WHITE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-142" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-142" type="surname" value="POTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-142" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE POTTER</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife—in consequence of some differences between us I was living apart from him in January last—on 18th January I was staying with Mrs. Beresford in the East India Road—I saw my husband on that day, when he shot me—I was only just up—I had been ill in bed all day—it was about five in the afternoon—I had sent for him, and some one told me he was waiting to see me—I came up the stairs from the kitchen—I did not see him at all—he stood in the dark in the parlour, there was no light there, only in the hall—Mrs. Beresford followed me upstairs, and I said to her "Where is he, Mrs. Beresford?"—he said "Here I am, my dear"—I said "How can you dear me, when you know you have been unkind to me?"—I don't remember hearing him reply—I saw the flash of fire in my face, and heard the report of a revolver, and I remember nothing more till I saw him with the policeman—I felt no pain—I found my hand was full of blood.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I was living with my husband not quite two years—I don't know that he left his occupation as a seaman on our marriage—he purchased a business—we were very happy together—he was affectionately disposed towards me in one way, but he did not care to work for me—the business might have been profitable, but he sold it and left me—he did not take a home for me or provide for me—he did not take a house for me at Blakeney; I had a house there, but I could not support myself, I went home to my father and mother—my mother hired the house for me, it was not at the prisoner's instigation—I ceased to live with him last November twelve months—I only saw him once since, in February last year—during that time he has entreated me to return to him—I refused to do so—there was a child born of the marriage—he asked to see the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110025"/>
<p>child when he came in February—for the moment I would not let him see him, but I did bring the child for him to see, and he took it and kissed it—I did not refuse to tell him its name—he asked me its name, I said "You know it as well as I do"—he said "I forget it," and I told him it was Henry William—I believe that was in Mrs. Beresford's presence—I came to stay with her at Christmas on her invitation—I am a milliner and dressmaker—I was never a nursery governess—I did not know Robinson before I came to Mrs. Beresford's, he was a lodger there—there was no correspondence between me and Robinson—I had one letter from him, I burnt it after giving it to Mrs. Beresford to read, it was concern
<lb/>ing business—during my stay at Mrs. Beresford's Robinson and I went out together on two or three occasions, once in the evening—when he has had me out for a long walk he has asked me to take something, and I have had it—I don't know where, I am a stranger to London—I think one place was in the Strand and one in Holborn—we returned home late on one occasion when we missed a train—I once went to the Adelphi Theatre with him, not to any other place of amusement—I did not know then that I had a husband, I never heard a word of him for nine months—the last letter I had from him was from Greenwich Hospital, and I did not know whether he ever came out—I made no inquiry about him—I never told him that I had got another man in his place, or any words to that effect—I never said so to Mrs. Beresford or to any one—I don't re
<lb/>member shaking my fist in his face, I don't think I did—I know Burnham and know a man there named Savory, the landlord of the house where we lived—I never went out with him—I never spoke to him only on business—I never heard the prisoner breathe his name only on business—I never told him that I would go out with Robinson.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. My husband was suffering from a dreadful disease in Greenwich Hospital—last November twelve months he came home a com
<lb/>plete bunch of dirt and rags, with a horrible disease about him, and I refused to live with him for that reason—I believe the writing on this envelope (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) to be his.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-143" type="surname" value="BERESFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-143" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY BERESFORD</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Alfred Beresford, of 146, East India Road—on 18th January Mrs. Potter was staying with me—the prisoner came there about 2 o'clock and asked if I was in—my little girl said yes—he asked if his wife was in, she said she was ill in bed—he came down into the kitchen and said "Is my wife ill?"—I said "Not particularly ill, only she has got a bad headache"—he said he would like her to sign a paper of separation—I said "I will tell her what you say"—he said "All right, I should like to see her, and she can speak for herself"—I said "Certainly, so she can; you can see her, but don't come to-morrow; being Saturday, I shall be busy; come on Monday morning and then you can talk it over"—he then went away—later in the day she sent my little boy to him to tell him not to come—after that, about 5 o'clock, the prisoner came again—I told him that I had told his wife what he had said, and she was annoyed at it—I then went downstairs and told her that her husband was upstairs in the passage—I had left him standing just inside my parlour door; there was a light in the passage, but not in the parlour—his wife came upstairs, I followed her—he said "Hallo, my dear"—she said "Why do you call me your dear when you say that I tell lies?"—he said "You do tell lies, and you always did tell lies"—she said "You say that I told lies while I was in Weymouth; who</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110026"/>
<p>do you know that I told lies to when I was in Weymouth?" and she said "I will murder you"—she was standing opposite to him at the time; he was standing in the doorway and she was opposite the door—she put her fist up and said "I will be hung for you"—she was very angry when she said "I will be hung for you"—he said "Will you?" and he deliberately fired in her face with a little revolver—I did not see where he took it from, I saw it in his hand and saw the blaze in her face—he was about a yard from her when he fired—I did not see whether the shot took effect, I turned round and ran downstairs, and she followed me—I met Mr. Robinson on the stairs, coming up, having heard the report, and the prisoner fired at him on the stairs; I did not see whether he hit him—Robinson reeled off the stairs, he did not fall—I went on down the stairs, and Mrs. Potter clung to me at the foot of the stairs, and while she was clinging to me the prisoner fired another shot—I don't know who he fired at, but the bullet went through my left breast; he was on the stairs at the time, it might be one or two stairs above me, I could not say—we then went into the back kitchen, and Mrs. Potter fell down at my feet, and he followed us in and shut the door and fired again at her as she laid at my feet—I saw him point the revolver at her—I then said "Pray don't shoot me"—he said "No, I won't, I did not intend to hurt you"—Mr. Robinson then pushed the door in, and the prisoner fired again at him, and said "You and all"—that shot went into the door—Robinson made his way in and I ran out—the constable afterwards came and the prisoner was taken away—he seemed excitable, that was all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I never had any quarrel with the prisoner—I don't think he intended to hurt me, but he intended to kill his wife—that was the second attempt he has made—his wife had been staying with me. since Christmas—Robinson has lodged at my house off and on 13 months—Mrs. Potter only had a bedroom; her room adjoined Robinson's—I remember the prisoner calling one day, about 10 days before this occurred; he saw his wife on that occasion—I was present part of the time—while she was staying with me she went out with Robinson once or twice—they came home late once—I know Mrs. Dixon, of East India Road—I never said to her that Robinson and the prisoner's wife had been living together—I remember meeting the prisoner on New Year's eve at the George
<hi rend="largeCaps">IV</hi>., at Poplar—his wife was outside in the road—I don't know whether he asked me where she was or not; he asked if I had heard from her, and I said I had not heard from her lately—I had not heard from her because I was with her—I did not say that when I had last heard from her she had gone with her sister's children to Ireland, or that she had gone in the country—when I first knew them they seemed happy together—I remember his coming and asking her to return to him, and promising to be a kind husband to her—she said she would never live with him again—I heard him ask what the child's name was—I did not hear what she said—she never told me that she had received letters from Robinson—as far as I know the prisoner had always been a steady, sober man, I never knew anything to the contrary.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I have known him a long time—this is the second attempt, he bought a revolver last February—when I said I knew nothing wrong of him, I meant as regards drunken dissipation, that is all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-144" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-144" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROBINSON</persName> </hi>. I am an engineer, and lodge with the last witness at 146, East India Road—I was in the house, downstairs, on the afternoon</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110027"/>
<p>of 18th January, about 5 o'clock—I first heard a shot and a scream—I immediately got up, opened the door, and went to the foot of the stairs—I met the two women at the bottom, they were coming down the stairs screaming—I had one foot on the bottom stair going to catch hold of the prisoner, when he fired at me and said "You and all"—the shot struck me in the neck, he was six stairs above me—I felt faint and fell to the ground—I did not exactly lose my senses—I next heard a shot and heard Mrs. Beresford say "Oh, I am shot"—the two women then ran into the back kitchen and he after them, and he shut the door—I heard the women screaming; by this time I had got up; I directly heard another shot before I could open the door—I then opened the door and the prisoner pointed the pistol again at me, and fired at me but missed me—before he had time to fire again I sprang upon him, and just as I got to him it went off again, and the bullet went into the ceiling and made a hole there—I held him till the police came and took him into custody—while I was holding him he said "Let me go, I don't mean to hurt you"—after he was in custody he wished to shake hands with me—I refused.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I have known the prisoner about 13 months—I first knew Mrs. Potter some time before Christmas—I wrote to her once, only to say that I was coming back to London, that was all—I was going to stay at Mrs. Beresford's, where I always stay—I knew that Mrs. Potter was there, because she was there when I went away—we occupied adjoining bedrooms there—I have been out with her three or four times at night, twice I think to supper-rooms—once in the Strand and once in Holborn—we went once to the Adelphi Theatre, and came home between 12 and 1—I knew that she was a married woman—I did not tell the prisoner about my going out with his wife—I had not a chance—I met him once and he shook hands with me—I have been out walking with Mrs. Potter in the day, perhaps for two or three hours, once or twice—I have taken her meals up to her bedroom when she has been in bed once or twice since the prisoner's committal—she went into the country in November—I went into the country about the same time—I know Eliza Smith—I swear she has never seen me in Mrs. Potter's bed, or surprised me in the act of connection with Mrs. Potter—I heard that there had been some differences between the prisoner and his wife, and that they had not been living together for two years.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. Mrs. Potter has been very ill in bed, suffering from the wounds—she could not get up for some days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-145" type="surname" value="BERESFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-145" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BERESFORD</persName> </hi>. I am the son of Mrs. Beresford—on 18th January she sent me to the prisoner—I found him in Wade's Place, against a beer
<lb/>shop—I said to him "Mother says you must not come to the house, because perhaps father will be coming home and make a row"—he said "All right"—I wan going on an errand and he came with me, and coming back along Wade's Place he said "Wait a minute, I will go indoors"—he was not indoors a minute before he came out, and he fol
<lb/>lowed me home—I said "Bill, don't come in, wait, and I will go andsee if father is in"—he said "I will make no row," and he came into the passage—he did not appear excited at all—he was quite sober—my mother came up and saw him, and she called up Mrs. Potter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-146" type="surname" value="POPE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-146" type="given" value="JOB"/>JOB POPE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> K 147). On 18th January, about 5 o'clock, I heard the report of firearms, which caused me to go to 146, East India Road—I first saw Mrs. Beresford, she was on the top of the stairs,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110028"/>
<p>coming out of the kitchen into the passage—I heard the report of a pistol before I entered the house, and I heard another report after I did enter—I went down into the back kitchen, and there found Robinson struggling with the prisoner, who had this revolver (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) in his right hand—I held his arm and some one behind me took the revolver out of his hand and gave it to me—I told the prisoner I should take him into custody for shooting Robinson, who was bleeding at the side of the head—I took the prisoner into the front kitchen where Mrs. Potter was standing—she was bleeding from two places in the head—she said "That is my husband, I will give him in custody, he has shot me"—the prisoner then asked her to shake hands and forgive him—she did not do so—I sent for Dr. Hughes, who came, and I took the prisoner to the station—he was there charged—he said "I did not intend injuring any one but my wife"—I gave the revolver to the inspector, it has six chambers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-147" type="surname" value="ANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-147" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED ANSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KR</hi> 4). This revolver was handed to me by Pope—I examined it at he time—I found that all the chambers had recently been discharged—I took out six empty cartridge cases—I searched the prisoner, and in his waistcoat pocket I found six undischarged revolver cartridges; they fitted the revolver—he said, "How is Mrs. Beresford?"—I said, "I believe she is all right"—he said, "I am very glad of that"—a letter was taken from him at the station—I afterwards found this letter at his lodgings. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: On the envelope was written, "Open this and read the contents and then publish." "Dear friends—I write these few words to let the world know that the cause of taking my wife's life, and then my own, is because she has left me to live with another man of the name of Robinson, an engineer, and it is more than I can bear to think that my child should be under the control of another man, and me alive; that alone has driven me to the course that I am about to
<lb/>pursue, which I can swear before the One that knows the secrets of all hearts that there never was a more loving husband in the world than I have been, and she knows that and every one else that knows me; I would do all that could be done for her in the world if she would only come to me again, for I am not ashamed to own before the whole world that I love her dearer than my own life; but I must let the world know that Alfred Beresford's wife, of 146, East India Road, Poplar, was the cause of my wife's taking up with this said Robinson. I hope that the world won't think that it is through jealousy, but it is the idea of her depriving me of my rights of being with her and my darling boy; God bless his dear little innocent heart, I love him dearly. My dear friends, believe me, I am truly heart-broken, therefore I care not to live. I hope that this will be published directly after I am dead for the sake of justice. I hope and trust that some of my family will take my darling child and bring him up. I should like for my sister to have him. My sister's address is Miss M. Potter, Mr. R. J. Potter's, Fakenham, Norfolk; my brother's, Mr. Samuel Potter, Dereham, Norfolk."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-148" type="surname" value="GROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-148" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GROSE</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of a pawnbroker, of 652, Com
<lb/>mercial Road—on 17th January, the prisoner came to our shop to pur
<lb/>chase a revolver—I sold him the one produced and a box of 50 cartridges—a bullet has been shown me, which is the same sized bullet as those in the cartridges that I sold the prisoner—he saw two revolvers, one larger—he selected this, and said it would do for the purpose he wanted.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. We have many similar revolvers in the shop—I said</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110029"/>
<p>at the police-court, "I sold the revolver produced to a man I believe to be the prisoner"—I first saw him in the dock, and thought he was the man, and I believe he is—it was in the afternoon or evening when he bought the revolver, I did not take any particular notice of him; the in
<lb/>terview lasted about ten minutes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-149" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-149" type="given" value="THOMAS JONES"/>THOMAS JONES HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, of East India Dock Road—on 18th January I was called to Mrs. Beresford's house—I saw Mrs. Beresford first—I found her suffering from a wound in the left breast—I probed it and extracted a conical cylindrical bullet, which I produce—I next saw Mrs. Potter, she was suffering from two distinct wounds on the right side of the head and one on the left; the two on the right side were caused by one bullet, the entry and aperture of exit communicating by probe right through; the wound on the left side was over the cheek bone, under the eye—I probed that; the probe took a course directly backwards to the root of the left ear, and detected this piece of metal deeply imbedded in the textures—we had to cut down upon it to extract it—it is a similar bullet to the other, but greatly obliterated—I have attended Mrs. Potter ever since—she has been in rather a dangerous con
<lb/>dition—erysipelas set in—I considered the wounds dangerous wounds—she is still under care—the jaw is rather stiff—she is not able to masti
<lb/>cate—she was in bed three or four days—I examined Robinson—I found a wound on the left side of his neck immediately below the angle of the jaw—I failed to find that bullet.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I believe I said at the police-court that Mrs. Potter was pregnant, but I meant Mrs. Beresford—I have not examined Mrs. Potter.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner received a good character for humanity and kindness</hi>.</p>
<rs id="t18780211-259-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-259-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-259-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on First Count</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-259-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-259-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-259-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-259-18780211 t18780211-259-punishment-23"/>Twenty Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">.—Wednesday, February</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Baron Pollock</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-260">
<interp inst="t18780211-260" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-260" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-260-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-260-18780211 t18780211-260-offence-1 t18780211-260-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-260-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-260-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18780211" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18780211" type="surname" value="HACKETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18780211" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HACKETT</hi> (24)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-260-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-260-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-260-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>Feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18780211-name-151" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-151" type="surname" value="O'CONNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-151" type="given" value="JOHN PATRICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-260-offence-1 t18780211-name-151"/>John Patrick O'Connell</persName>. He was also charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with the like offence.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TICKKELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-152" type="surname" value="RUSHBROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-152" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HUNRY RUSHBROOK</persName> </hi>. I reside at 64, Popham Road, Islington—I was foreman bricklayer in the defendant's employ on the buildings in Ken
<lb/>mere Road, Hackney—the deceased was also a bricklayer employed by Mr. Hackett—the houses consist of a row of five—I remember the deceased working on the house next to the end of the five on 16th January—I re
<lb/>member the wall falling—it was the end wall of the fifth house—I did not see it fall—it fell out—I saw the deceased taken out alive, somewhere about half-past 3—he was employed in building a wall in connection with the houses which were being constructed, in connection with the wall that fell; in the house that was going to be commenced next to it—he was getting the footings in for the adjacent house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. I did not come there till the 8th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-153" type="surname" value="LEGG"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-153" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE LEGG</persName> </hi>. I am district surveyor for West Hackney—I visited these houses on four or five occasions—I was there on 11th January—the wall was then nearly up to the roof—it was a nine-inch wall, with 14 inches base on the basement story, and the roof was not on—if the roof had been on this would not have happened, because it would get</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110030"/>
<p>a protection from frost and changes of atmosphere, and it would have made a tie to keep it in its place—I complained of the mortar to one of the men, not the defendant—the mortar was not good enough; it was unequal—it had not been knocked about enough to make it assimilate with the sand which was with it—some of the mortar was very good, because they have tossed it and kicked it about, and that made an effect on it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Some of the sand was sharper than the rest—Hackney is first-rate gravel and they dig it out, and use the sand for their mortar—I apprehend it was mixed with that—the rest was from brick rubbish which had been brought into the road—there was no road sand that I noticed—you could not tell after the lime was with it, but it made the mortar dark and it looked worse than it really was, because a gentleman had some of it washed and he found more sharp sand than he expected.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TICKELL</hi>. I do not think the wall that fell was so good as the other; the mortar was not so good—if it had been dry weather, and the lime had had time sufficient to set, I have no doubt that with the roof on it would have been standing now—I went there on four or five occasions—it was on the second occasion, in the earlier part of December, that I first noticed the character of the mortar—I spoke to the foreman on that occasion—we call the foreman down or speak to him on the scaffold
<lb/>with a 9-inch wall the bricks were different; some were old and some were new, that made it bad for the plastering—I saw Hackett on two or three other occasions, and noticed the mortar then; it varied at differenttimes—it depends upon how they mix it, and I told him again that he must do his work better, and on the 11 th we saw the irregularity and served him with this notice by post. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated that the defendant was not conforming to the rules of the Building Act. It required him within</hi> 48
<hi rend="italic">hours to render the building conformable to the Act; and required the walls to be properly bonded and put together, not less than one brick and a half thick in the lowest story</hi>.) I do not say there that the whole was to be taken down; I treat it generally—it could be properly bonded without taking down—I gave him a week to do it in—he promised to do it, and commenced working at it—the week had not expired—after I served that notice he called on me in the City, with a friend—I told him he must do the work better and explained what he would have to do—that was on Monday, the 14th—I told him his mortar must be better, and the labour must be put together better—he first of all urged that it was very good—I told him that he would have to underpin part of it and bond it in cement—he said he would do all that was required—I told him if he did not he would find himself at Worship Street the next week, and probably the week after at the Old Bailey, for manslaughter—I said that to make him do his work properly—I spoke figuratively, to impress it on his mind; not that I had anything in my mind but that when I saw him again he would do the work—this was on the Tuesday—they thickened the back wall, but they had not done anything to this wall—he said the materials were good; I said they were very bad—I think I said they were the worst that I had seen—the labour was bad, the way in which it was put together—the mortar had not enough lime in it, and the build
<lb/>ing was run up too quickly—I only know Hackett through the notice—I saw him again after the accident—I saw the building on the Tuesday, Hackett was then at work on it—I inspected the premises after the acci
<lb/>dent—the fall of the wall was caused by the premature removal of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110031"/>
<p>seaffold, which had shaken the wall, the roof not being on it, which would have acted as a tie and maintained the wall in its place—when I saw it the feetlogs had not been taken out—I do not know whether the holes where the feetlogs were had been stopped—the scaffold was taken down on the day of the accident—if the mortar had not been used so quickly, and had been of a better description, it would have prevented the accident.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The mortar ought to have been better mixed; the labourers do that—it was windy that afternoon—in my opinion the brick
<lb/>layers had run up the wall too quickly; there had been no dry weather, and there had been frosts at night, and this being only a 9-inch wall and the mortar not being properly mixed it acted on the mortar—I gave him a week to do it in, and he was at work, but it unfortunately fell before the week expired.</p>
<hi rend="italic">e-examined</hi>. It was gusty that day, and I should have preferred keeping the scaffold up; that would have been a stay to the wall—I do not know how many men were at work there, I saw four or five—they were doing their work quickly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-154" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-154" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HAMILTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 63, Nightingale Road, and am Mr. Legg's clerk—he directed me to go to these houses, and I went three or four times before the accident, but noticed nothing with regard to this par
<lb/>ticular wall—I saw it on 11th January—the whole of the premises were not such good work as we usually put in that class of buildings—I have had to overlook work before—I noticed that the mortar was bad, and first spoke to the foreman about it in November, with reference to that block of houses, but not in reference to that particular house; they were not all going on then—I only knew that John Hackett was building the houses from the notice that was given—he found the money, but I do not know who was the actual builder—I do not know the name of the man I spoke to—he was not engaged on that particular house, and I did not see him in reference to it—once I saw the foreman and once Mr. Hackett—I told him that the work was not going on well, the mortar was bad, and that I had not seen worse—I spoke generally with regard to the three houses—I was then outside the buildings on the ground, and they were working on the sixth house—I have been with Mr. Legg from 1862—Hackett said that he had not seen me there before—I told him to do his work better; the wall was then very nearly up—I do not think that wall was any worse than the other part of the same block of houses—I went there twice on the 11th, and on the second occasion with Mr. Legg—I did not see Hackett then—I do not think he was there in the afternoon, but Mr. Legg spoke to the foreman—I knew nobody as the builder but Hackett—there were four or five men on that block—I saw the premises after the wall fell—I did not direct my attention to the wall—I was with Mr. Legg, and I had no authority—I think the wall fell because the bricklayer who laid the bricks did not put the work together well and built it too quickly—I looked at the mortar; it was bad, and was part of the same which I had described as the worst I had ever seen—that had partly caused the fall, because it had not had time to set—I saw them removing the scaffold-poles on the morning of the accident—I saw the defendant on the morning of the accident, when I went to the building, but I did not speak to him because he had had the notice to alter it, and I did not go on the building—I did not notice that it was windy.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110032"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. Some of the mortar was not so bad—I was there time after time looking over it, as Mr. Legg's deputy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-155" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-155" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I live at 72, Neville Road, Stoke Newington, and am clerk and timekeeper employed by the defendant on these buildings—I have no particular knowledge of constructing premises—I am a clerk, my duties were to see that the workmen did sufficient work to entitle them to their wages—a man named Brown was building these houses, he was the sub-contractor—Hackett was the builder, but Brown took the whole of the brick work at 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per house—Hackett found the materials and Brown the labour—no materials were used that I know of except those supplied by Hackett—Brown was paid weekly, by instal
<lb/>ments, according to the number of rods, and he used to ask for so much money, and if the work was done we let him have it—Mr. Brown is not here—I supplied him with the materials for the buildings and to make the mortar, and there was no limit to the price or quantity—I supplied him with lime and sand and all other materials as much as he required—no one ever complained to me.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-260-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-260-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-260-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-261">
<interp inst="t18780211-261" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-261" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-261-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-261-18780211 t18780211-261-offence-1 t18780211-261-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-261-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-261-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18780211" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18780211" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18780211" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MOORE</hi> (49)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-261-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-261-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-261-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>Feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18780211-name-157" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-157" type="surname" value="RAFFE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-157" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-261-offence-1 t18780211-name-157"/>Joseph Raffe</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PURCELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-158" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-158" type="given" value="TIMOTHY"/>TIMOTHY CARTER</persName> </hi>. I lodge at 1, Eden Grove; the deceased lodged there also—on 3rd February, about 4.45 p.m., I was in the yard being shaved, and the deceased was there having his boots blacked by a boy—the prisoner came out of the kitchen, and Raffe asked him if he had seen any of his
<hi rend="italic">pals</hi> about—the prisoner said ''You had better go and look for them yourself''—the prisoner then went into the closet, and when he came out the prisoner said that the deceased had himself—the prisoner said that he would throw something at him—Raffe said "Perhaps you can throw it at him"—the prisoner said "Can you
<hi rend="italic">chuck</hi> it at him?"—Raffe said "I can in a moment,'' and sparred up to him—the prisoner said "I don't want to hit you, I might hit the man being shaved;" that was me—I said "I will take good care you won't knock him on me," and I got up, and then the deceased struck the prisoner on the chest or stomach, I don't know which; and the prisoner
<hi rend="italic">up</hi> with his left hand and hit him on the nose, and he fell—he got up and put his hand to his nose and felt blood, and said "It serves me right, it has let some of the mad blood out of me"—when he fell he pitched on his hands and knees and rolled over—he then got up and had his other boot cleaned, and then went into the closet, and I went away—both the men had had a drop of drink.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I did not know them before—Raffe took off his coat to prepare to fight you—you did not take off yours or in any way encourage him to fight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-159" type="surname" value="FOWLS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-159" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST FOWLS</persName> </hi>. I lodge at 3, Eden Grove, Holloway—I was cleaning the yard up, and when the prisoner came out the deceased said "Have you seen any of my
<hi rend="italic">pals</hi>?" —he said "You had better go and look for your
<hi rend="italic">pals</hi>"—he said "Go and
<hi rend="italic">chuck</hi>—at yourself"—he said "Can you
<hi rend="italic">chuck</hi> it at him?"-—he said "Yes" and Raffe took his foot off the box and sparred at him—he had his white smock on, what he slaughters beast in—the prisoner said "I don't want to hit you, I might knock you over that man that is being shaved" —the man said "Never mind, I will get up"—the prisoner put his hat on the window-ledge and the deceased hit</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110033"/>
<p>him on the chest—the prisoner then struck him on the nose and he fell over and got up and wiped his hands of blood and said "It serves me right, it will take a little of the mad blood out of me"—he went into the closet and came out, sluiced his face, and afterwards laid down on a form, and the deputy lodging-house keeper took him up to bed—this is a model lodging-house—this was Sunday, and he died on Monday night.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. The deceased had been there before, and the deputy did not go up with him to show him his bed, but because he felt queer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-160" type="surname" value="WITHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-160" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WITHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Y</hi>). I received information and went to the lodging-house, which is known an Eden Grove Dormitory, and saw Joseph Raffe lying in bed insensible—I saw dry blood on his right hand—I received information that the prisoner was in a public-house—I sent for him and he came—I said that I belonged to the police and had seen a man lying upstairs insensible, and had received information that he had struck him—he said "Yes, it is quite right, I received great provocation; the man used very offensive language to me; we had both had a drop of drink; I am very sorry it has occurred; he struck me first and I did it in self-defence"—I told him he had better come to the station—he said "yes, I never intended to go away; I should like to have the matter cleared up"—I wish to say that four months ago I saw Raffe in a fit—I have known him for months as one of the most habitual drunkards in the neighbourhood—I saw him four months ago just recovered from a fit, and he had come out of prison the same morning.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-161" type="surname" value="SLATER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-161" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS SLATER</persName> </hi>, M.D. I live at 1, Thornhill Square, Barns
<lb/>bury—I assisted Dr. Crabb in making a post-mortem examination on 9th February—there was a bruise over the bridge of the nose, and the tissues were also bruised—the bones of the nose were both broken, I am quite sure of that—the membranes of the brain were congested, and also the brain itself, and the texture of the brain was somewhat softened—I should say that the congestion was caused from the concussion, the blow was the cause of it—one portion of the skull was driven in—the conges
<lb/>tion and softening was all from the same cause, and not from any pre
<lb/>existing cause—the cause of death was congestion of the brain from fracture of the nasal bones produced by the blow—I do not think in the position in which it was it could have been produced by a fall—a blow from a fist would produce it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>. Raffe was a strong young man, and bigger than you, about 34 years old—I have known before of a blow of a lighter man's fist producing such an injury—Raffe had been addicted to habits of in
<lb/>temperance, and although he appeared stout and robust, I do not think he had much stamina—if he had been just released from the House of Correction and taken to a public-house and plied with raw spirits, and then put to bed for 18 hours, taking nothing but cold water, I think he would be more susceptible.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. The bones of the nose were fractured completely across, but did not press on the brain; concussion was the primary cause—he would he more susceptible to concussion than a man in good health, his habits had been dissipated.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-162" type="surname" value="CRABB"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-162" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CRABB</persName> </hi>, M. D. I live at 142, Hornsey Road—on 7th February I examined the body of the deceased prior to Dr. Salter—I have heard his evidence and concur in it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. All I have to say is that the provocation I received</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110034"/>
<p>was very gross, and he would not let me off. I was forced to fight. I made it an excuse that the man was shaving, but he forced me to stand on my defence. I did not strike him till he struck me at the pit of my stomach. I was obliged to strike him, or I should have been knocked down and kicked. I neither wanted to commence or to continue it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-261-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-261-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-261-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-262">
<interp inst="t18780211-262" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-262" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-262-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-262-18780211 t18780211-262-offence-1 t18780211-262-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-262-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-262-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18780211" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18780211" type="surname" value="HIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18780211" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR HIGGINS</hi> (23)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-262-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-262-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-262-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>Rape on
<persName id="t18780211-name-164" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-164" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-164" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-164" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-262-offence-1 t18780211-name-164"/>Alice Chapman</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CARTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-262-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-262-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-262-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 13th, 1878.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-263">
<interp inst="t18780211-263" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-263" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-263-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-263-18780211 t18780211-263-offence-1 t18780211-263-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-263-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-263-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18780211" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18780211" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18780211" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MORGAN</hi> (44)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-263-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-263-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-263-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<rs id="t18780211-263-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-263-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-263-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Feloniously uttering a forged cheque for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. upon the
<persName id="t18780211-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-166" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-263-offence-1 t18780211-name-166"/>Consolidated Bank</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-263-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-263-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-263-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-263-18780211 t18780211-263-punishment-24"/>One Month's Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-264">
<interp inst="t18780211-264" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-264" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-264-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-264-18780211 t18780211-264-offence-1 t18780211-264-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-264-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-264-18780211 t18780211-264-offence-1 t18780211-264-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-264-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-264-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-264-18780211" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-264-18780211" type="surname" value="LYNCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-264-18780211" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LYNCH</hi> (22)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-264-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-264-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-264-18780211" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-264-18780211" type="surname" value="GEEEN"/>
<interp inst="def2-264-18780211" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID GEEEN</hi> (24)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<rs id="t18780211-264-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-264-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-264-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>Stealing a chest and 28 lb. of tea of the
<persName id="t18780211-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-169" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-264-offence-1 t18780211-name-169"/>Great Northern Railway Company</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-264-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-264-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-264-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-264-18780211 t18780211-264-punishment-25"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-264-18780211 t18780211-264-punishment-25"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18780211-264-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-264-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-264-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-265">
<interp inst="t18780211-265" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-265" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-265-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-265-18780211 t18780211-265-offence-1 t18780211-265-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-265-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-265-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18780211" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18780211" type="surname" value="WEIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18780211" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WEIGHT</hi> (40)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<rs id="t18780211-265-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-265-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-265-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>obtaining by false pretences from the
<persName id="t18780211-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-171" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-265-offence-1 t18780211-name-171"/>Patent Cloth Company</persName> two table-covers, and to a conviction of felony in August, 1872, at this Court.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-265-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-265-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-265-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-265-18780211 t18780211-265-punishment-26"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18780211-265-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-265-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-265-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-266">
<interp inst="t18780211-266" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-266" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-266-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-266-18780211 t18780211-266-offence-1 t18780211-266-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-266-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-266-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18780211" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18780211" type="surname" value="MILLEDGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18780211" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MILLEDGE</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18780211-266-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-266-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-266-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> obtaining by false pretences 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from
<persName id="t18780211-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-173" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-173" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-266-offence-1 t18780211-name-173"/>Charles Ward</persName>, and 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from
<persName id="t18780211-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-174" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-174" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-266-offence-1 t18780211-name-174"/>Edward Butler</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-266-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-266-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-266-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-266-18780211 t18780211-266-punishment-27"/>Twelve Months' Imprison
<rs id="t18780211-266-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-266-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-266-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-267">
<interp inst="t18780211-267" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-267" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-267-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-267-18780211 t18780211-267-offence-1 t18780211-267-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-267-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-267-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18780211" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18780211" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18780211" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SMITH</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18780211-267-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-267-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-267-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> to Stealing a portmanteau and other goods.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18780211-267-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-267-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-267-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-267-18780211 t18780211-267-punishment-28"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18780211-267-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-267-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-267-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-268">
<interp inst="t18780211-268" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-268" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-268-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-268-18780211 t18780211-268-offence-1 t18780211-268-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-268-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-268-18780211 t18780211-268-offence-1 t18780211-268-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-268-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-268-18780211 t18780211-268-offence-1 t18780211-268-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-268-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-268-18780211 t18780211-268-offence-1 t18780211-268-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-268-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-268-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18780211" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18780211" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18780211" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES PARKER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARREN</hi> (21)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-268-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-268-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-268-18780211" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-268-18780211" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-268-18780211" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD JOHNSON</hi> (22)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-268-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-268-18780211" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-268-18780211" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def3-268-18780211" type="surname" value="STILES"/>
<interp inst="def3-268-18780211" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE STILES</hi> (19)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def4-268-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-268-18780211" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def4-268-18780211" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def4-268-18780211" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="def4-268-18780211" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN PARKER</hi> (17)</persName>,
<rs id="t18780211-268-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-268-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-268-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>Feloniously forging and uttering an order, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> J. P.
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WOLFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Johnson and Stiles</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Court held that the document was merely a request to be shown, and not an order for delivery, the words being</hi> "Please send me your cockatoo to look at;" and the Jury returned a verdict of
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18780211-268-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-268-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-268-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="fault"/>NOT GUILTY</rs>.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18780211-269">
<interp inst="t18780211-269" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18780211"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-269" type="date" value="18780211"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-269-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-269-18780211 t18780211-269-offence-1 t18780211-269-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-269-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-269-18780211 t18780211-269-offence-1 t18780211-269-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-269-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-269-18780211 t18780211-269-offence-1 t18780211-269-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18780211-269-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-269-18780211 t18780211-269-offence-1 t18780211-269-verdict-2"/>
<p>269. The said prisoners [
<persName id="def1-269-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-269-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18780211" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18780211" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-269-18780211" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES PARKER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARREN</hi> (21)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-269-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-269-18780211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-269-18780211" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-269-18780211" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-269-18780211" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD JOHNSON</hi> (22)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-269-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-269-18780211" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-269-18780211" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def3-269-18780211" type="surname" value="STILES"/>
<interp inst="def3-269-18780211" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE STILES</hi> (19)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def4-269-18780211" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-269-18780211" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def4-269-18780211" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def4-269-18780211" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="def4-269-18780211" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN PARKER</hi> (17)</persName>] were
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted for
<rs id="t18780211-269-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18780211-269-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-269-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>unlawfully obtaining from
<persName id="t18780211-name-184" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-184" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-184" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-184" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18780211-269-offence-1 t18780211-name-184"/>Susan Watts</persName> a cockatoo and one cage by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-185" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-185" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-185" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>SUSAN WATTS</persName> </hi>. I live at 24, St. Mary's Terrace, Paddington—I know the prisoner Parker as Warren—he culled at our house in January and handed me this paper, and I gave him the cockatoo. (
<hi rend="italic">This was a printed memorandum form as follows</hi>: "Memorandum. Established 1800. Charles Warren, Mathematical and Surgical Instrument Maker, 6, Charlton Street, Fitzroy Terrace",
<hi rend="italic">and the writing was</hi>: "To S. Watts, 24, St. Mary's Terrace, Paddington. Please send me your cockatoo for me to look at. Please let my porter bring it with him. I will send you a cheque for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. if it suits me. Yours faithfully, Mr. E. Warren. I have enclosed my reference ticket") The day after I received this memo
<lb/>randum by post. (
<hi rend="italic">This contained the same printed heading and</hi> "Mrs. Watts, 24, St. Mary Street, Paddington Green. Madam—I received your cockatoo last night. I am buying it for a friend of mine. Shall not see him before Friday, and shall send you 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. without fail. Yours truly, Mr. Warren.") I have never received the money—Mrs. Rotherham takes</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110035"/>
<p>in the
<hi rend="italic">Exchange and Mart</hi>— I parted with the cockatoo because I believed the ticket was genuine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Parker</hi>. You had a brown overcoat on when you came—I said I thought it was another man, but I afterwards picked you out—the tall stout lady is my aunt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-186" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-186" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER S. ANDREWS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On the 15th January I received a warrant for the apprehension of Parker in the name of Warren—on the 16th I went with Marshall to 2, Warren Street, Tottenham Court Road—I saw the two male prisoners let themselves into the house with a latch key—I followed to the top floor front room with Marshall, where I found the four prisoners—I told them all I was a detective, and that I should arrest Parker and Johnson for passing in the name of Warren at No. 6, Charlton Street, Fitzroy Square, and for forging and uttering reference tickets of a
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar</hi> paper and thereby obtaining different kinds of property from different persons—I could not read the warrant, for there was a little scuffing, but I told them I had a warrant—Parker said "I know nothing about the name of Warren, I have always had to work hard for my living and you cannot prove anything to the contrary"—Johnson said "I know nothing about the name of Warren, I am a tailor, and these are two young women that we know''—I asked the women if they were married to the men—they said "No"—I said I should arrest them on my own responsibility for being concerned with the men in forging and uttering these tickets—each woman said "I knew there was something wrong, but all I have had to do with it is to pledge the things that have been given to us by the men"—the female Parker said "I have known Parker (meaning Warren) for about eighteen months, I knew him through meet
<lb/>ing him at a music hall''—I then gave Johnson into the custody of Marshall—I requested Parker to turn out his pockets, he did so—there were a number of old letters and memoranda; amongst them was a letter un
<lb/>opened bearing the Halifax post-mark of 15th January; it was addressed to Mr. A. Wyld, 125, Drummond Street, Euston Road—that letter I afterwards found to contain a diamond ring—I produce the letter and the ring—I pointed to a cage of canaries in the room and said ''Whose is that?"—the female Parker said "It is mine, I paid 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for them"—I asked whose cockatoo that was—Stiles said "That is mine," and I asked, pointing to a dead parrot, "Whose is that?"—Stiles said, "That is mine too, and the poor devil died last night"—I afterwards searched the room and found a number of memorandum forms in the name of Charles Warren and corresponding with the two produced, except that there is no writing on them—I also found a number of forged reference tickets in the name of J. Wyld, 125, Drummond Street, Euston Road, and a number in the name of C. Warren, 6, Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square—I also found fourteen pawn tickets in the drawer and in the cupboard, and these four copies of the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar</hi> paper in which a number of advertisements are marked for the sale of everything, from a donkey to a diamond—the writing opposite the advertisements is like the writing on the memoran
<lb/>dum to Mrs. Watts—I also found a number of letters in a similar hand
<lb/>writing, some of them relate to the advertisements which are marked.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-187" type="surname" value="WADDINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-187" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WADDINGTON</persName> </hi>. I live at No. 6, Charlton Street, Fitzroy Square—I am a watchman—the prisoners hired a room in the name of Warren, at 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week, on 7th January—they came on the following Wednesday and remained till the Friday—they were absent on the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110036"/>
<p>Saturday and on the Sunday—I took in four letters and packets addressed to Charles Warren; some were registered; also a brown-paper parcel containing a sealskin jacket, addressed to Charles Warren—I saw Parker on the Monday, and on the Tuesday he asked whether his brother had been home—I said "No, he ain't, I suppose you know," and I told him there was a parcel for him—I brought the parcel out of the parlour to him and said there was 15
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. to pay—he gave me half-a-crown and I got him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—I did not see him again till I saw him at the police
<lb/>court—a sewing machine came afterwards by the Great Western Railway—I saw the address.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Parker</hi>. The parcel was partly opened, I could see it was fur.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOLFE</hi>. I saw the deposit paid for the room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-188" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-188" type="surname" value="WADDINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-188" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>SUSAN WADDINGTON</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—I know the prisoners—Parker was called Charles Warren—they said they were brothers—Parker paid me 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the Monday, and said his brother would pay the rest to-morrow, but they did not come till the Wednesday, when they paid the remaining 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and told me if anything came for them I was to take it in and pay for it, and they would pay me again—several packages and parcels came, which I took in—they left on the Saturday or Sunday night without notice—while there they were in and out receiving the parcels—I gave three to Johnson and one to Parker—I saw no mathematical instruments—when they came they said they would be away all day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOLFE</hi>. Johnson took the room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-189" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-189" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-189" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE LONG</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Stephen Long, and live at 2, Warren Street—Mary Ann Parker came to my house on 1st January, and said her husband had failed at Deptford and was coming to London to take orders for a coal office—she took a room—she came again on the 3rd, and said her husband was coming in presently—I did not see him till he had been in the house a week—I gave him a latch key in the room—both men were there smoking and sitting in front of the fire—they were taken into custody there on the 15th—the woman Johnson visited them—afterwards some letters came addressed to Charles Parker, some ''Esq." and some "Mr."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Parker</hi>. I produce the letters.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOLFE</hi>. I keep a lodging-house—I thought the woman was married or I should not have taken her in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-190" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-190" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-190" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH WATKINS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Charles Watkins, of 9, Kingsgate Street, Holborn—I know the prisoners Parker as Benson—the female came to me about the middle of November, to take a first floor front room furnished, for herself and husband, who, she said, worked at a fruiterer's in the Tottenham Court Road—I let them a room at 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—while they were there a great many parcels and letters came, addressed to Adams; some were registered—the woman generally took them in—another fellow used to come—the parcels came two or three times a day—some ferrets and some rabbits came—the prisoners remained about a fortnight.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Corss-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOLFE</hi>. I do not know Johnson.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-191" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-191" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE JONES</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Northumberland Mews, Marylebone—I know the Parkers as Benson—the woman took a parlour of me on 10th November—she said her husband worked at a greengrocer's, and she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110037"/>
<p>herself had left her work to seek for rooms—the man came on the Saturday night—while they were there, which was about nine days, I took about 100 letters for them, also a hamper of rabbits and a case of pigeons—they brought some canaries in small cages with them, and filled my window, and on the Monday two dogs came, and I gave them notice—after they left, some letters came addressed to Benson—they came in the name of Bates.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Parker</hi>. You brought a lad with you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-192" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-192" type="given" value="CHARLES IBBERSON"/>CHARLES IBBERSON SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I live at Halifax, Yorkshire. I read the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar</hi> newspaper—on 12th January I inserted an advertisement in this copy and received by post this memorandum. (
<hi rend="italic">Advertisement read</hi>: "I will sell my gipsy ring with three diamonds, price 40
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. S., George Hotel, Ramsay, Huntingdonshire."
<hi rend="italic">Memorandum</hi>: "Please send me your gipsy ring, on receipt of which I will forward 40
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. by return. Yours faithfully, Mr. J. S. Wild. To Mr. S. T. Nare. Enclosed my ticket."
<hi rend="italic">The ticket was</hi>, "I hereby certify the reference of J. Wild, 125, Drum
<lb/>mond Street, Euston Road, to be satisfactory.") On receipt of memoran
<lb/>dum and ticket, which I believed to be genuine, I sent my ring to that address—the ring has since been handed to me by the police, and I have identified it—I have never received my 40
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Parker</hi>. I never saw Mr. Wyld—I expected the ring to be returned or the money sent.
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOLFE</hi>. This is the only article I advertised.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-193" type="surname" value="FRITH"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-193" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN FRITH</persName> </hi>. I live at 8, Westwell Street, Plymouth—I read and adver
<lb/>tise in the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar</hi>—on 12th January I advertised a silver hunting watch in the name of Edwards, and received the memorandum produced, with the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar</hi> reference stamp pasted in the corner. (
<hi rend="italic">This was an application to send the watch</hi>. ) I sent my watch in a tin box, and also a few lines—I received no money—this is the watch (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I sent it because I be
<lb/>lieved the reference ticket to be genuine, though I felt some suspicion at first because the ticket was on different coloured paper.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOLFE</hi>. I did not write to the editor on suspect
<lb/>ing the ticket, but sent the watch, and expected a cheque by return.</p>
<p>J. J.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SMITH</hi>. I live at Cresswell Cottage, Cressley, near Pembroke—I read the
<hi rend="italic">Exchange and Mart</hi>—I advertised a sewing machine in it on January 5th, and received this memorandum. (
<hi rend="italic">This was on one of Charles Warren's printed forms, and promised to forward a cheque for</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">on re
<lb/>ceipt of the machine: the reference ticket being pasted on it</hi>. ) I sent the machine on the Saturday following, the 13th January, by rail—it was packed in a case—I have since seen it at Scotland Yard—I have received no money—I sent it believing the reference ticket to be genuine.</p>
<p>L. H.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SYKES</hi>. I am a booking clerk at the Sand back station, Cheshire, of the North-Western Railway—I read the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar</hi>, and sometimes adver
<lb/>tise in it—on 5th January I advertised a gold Albert chain—I received in reply this memorandum. (
<hi rend="italic">This was an application for the chain similar to the others, and promising to send Poet office order on receipt; also enclosing reference ticket</hi>. ) I sent the chain, believing the ticket to be genuine—I have seen the chain here to-day—I have received no money for it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOLFE</hi>. I sent it on 9th January—I do not know when the prisoner was arrested.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">E. BOTHAM</hi>. I live at the Green, Wirksworth, near Derby—I read the
<hi rend="italic">Exchange and Mart</hi>—I advertised in it on 5th January a Boston</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110038"/>
<p>lever watch, and received this communication with the reference ticket on it, which I have cut off. (
<hi rend="italic">This was a similar memorandum pro
<lb/>mising to send Post-office order on receipt of the watch</hi>. ) I sent the watch on 5th January, believing the reference to be genuine—I have received no money—I have since seen the watch at the pawnbroker's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-194" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-194" type="surname" value="STEELE"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-194" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH STEELE</persName> </hi>. I live at 125, Drummond Street, Euston Square—I know the two male prisoners by the name of Wyld—they applied to me on the 12th January for a bedroom—they came in on a Monday night, the 15th—they stayed there two nights—while they were there a brown dog came, not very large, and a box of small birds—I refused to take them in—the case was addressed to Mr. Wyld—after they were gone a large number of registered letters came, which I refused to take in, but some were delivered to the prisoners while they were at the door on the Wednesday.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOLFE</hi>. I knew all that I have told you when the police came—I told the police—I was not called at the police-court—it was between 9 and 10 a.m. when they came—Parker came first—he gave me 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and in the afternoon he gave my daughter 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—Johnson said his name was Wyld—they had no visitors—no parcels came.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-195" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-195" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBB</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Donaldson, pawnbroker, 30, London Street, Fitzroy Square—the female prisoner, Parker, is a well
<lb/>known customer of ours—I produce a ticket of an Albert chain, and the chain itself—it was pawned on 10th January for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the name of Jessie Davis, 31, Warren Street—that is the name and address she always gave—she pawned principally apparel and jewellery.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Charles Parker</hi>. I believe she has a sister living at 31, Warren Street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-196" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-196" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK RICHARDSON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Hemming, pawnbroker, of 1, Lower John Street, Golden Square—I produce a silver watch and ticket relating to it—it was pledged in the name of Mary Stiles, on 11th January, for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-197" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-197" type="given" value="LEONARD UPCOTT"/>LEONARD UPCOTT GILL</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the
<hi rend="italic">Bazaar and Exchange and Mart</hi> newspaper—upon any one requiring to be put upon our re
<lb/>ference book we require a fee of 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and the names of two good re
<lb/>ferees, who are clergymen, lawyers, doctors, or other responsible persons in London, of whom we make stringent inquiries, and if the inquiries satisfy us the applicant's name is entered on our book and receives a number, which is put on his ticket—this is a genuine ticket (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—we moved from 32, Wellington Street in November—the ticket lasts 12 months—none of the tickets on these memoranda are genuine—we have a Captain Wyld on our books, but not of this address—I cannot say about Warren—the number 1161 used in these forged tickets, on reference to our books, I find to belong to Mr. J. J. Howden, of 35, Howard Street, Bolton, and will expire in September, 1878—the forged ticket expires in that month, but one is dated 14th, the other 16th—after the prisoners were arrested I received an advertisement for insertion—I communicated with the police—the advertisements were on separate pieces of paper, without any headings, and referred to the sale of canaries—I have received numbers of letters from people in the country in the same writing as these memo
<lb/>randa, and containing these spurious tickets in nearly all cases—I handed them to Sergeant Andrews—I have not compared them with the adver
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187802110039"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOLFE</hi>. We have 2, 300 on our books; our customers are more—a clerk usually makes inquiries—speaking roughly, I receive about 100, 000 applications a year—each ticket is printed sep
<lb/>arately—they differ in number, address, and date—they are alike at the back—the die has always been the same as now—it would take a year to search for the names and addresses of our customers—we have 30 or 40 books of 10, 000 each—I have not seen our reference tickets pasted on paper—the imitation is a good one, and could not easily be detected—Mr. Howden was put on our books in 1875—he is still a customer—he communicated with me—he keeps his own tickets.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I received this telegram from Mr. Howden: "Warn your readers of forged reference ticket, No. 1161. I will send you letter by next post," This circular (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) will sufficiently describe our system—this is a copy of the advertisement I received, signed "Charles Parker"—it is similar writing to these memoranda, and refers to canaries—a customer has the right to put a star to his advertisement when his references are satisfactory.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-198" type="surname" value="ANDREW"/>
<interp inst="t18780211-name-198" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER S. ANDREW. S</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-called</hi>). I have now searched and found the advertisements referred to by letters that have been put in as received by the last witness—in five cases the advertisements are marked in the copies found in the prisoners' possession—some of the letters are addressed from Warren Street—I have traced the prisoners to 16 or 17 other addresses.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Charles Parker</hi>. You have been identified by some of the people where you lived—you and the female Parker were charged at 39, Acton Street with stealing property, and she was convicted of un
<lb/>lawful pawning, and at every place I have heard of your receiving stolen property.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOLFE</hi>. The charge at Acton was about August last—the room the prisoners occupied in Warren Street was at the top of the house—it was a front room, and used as bed and sitting-room—there was a parrot cage, a cockatoo cage, and a cage of canaries—I did not caution Johnston, but I told him who I was—Stiles said the parrot and the cockatoo were hers—I went there about 8. 30—there was but one bed
<lb/>stead in the room, which was in a filthy state—there was room for more than two.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18780211-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18780211-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst=