<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
<TEI.2>
<text>
<body>
<div0 type="sessionsPaper" id="t18771210">
<interp inst="t18771210" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100001"/>
<xptr type="transcription" doc="18771210"/>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18771210">
<interp inst="f18771210" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="f18771210" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OWDEN, MAYOR SECOND SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two start</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1877.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Sergeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-71">
<interp inst="t18771210-71" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-71" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-71-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-71-18771210 t18771210-71-offence-1 t18771210-71-verdict-1"/>
<p>71.
<persName id="def1-71-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-71-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-71-18771210" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-71-18771210" type="surname" value="WILLSHIRE"/>
<interp inst="def1-71-18771210" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WILLSHIRE</hi> (33)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">was indicted</hi>
<rs id="t18771210-71-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-71-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-71-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic"> for</hi> Feloniously forging and uttering a receipt for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The facts stated in the opening by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appear in the next ease. The receipt in question was written by the prisoner in his own name. The contention for the prosecution was that, it being used for a false purpose, it came within the definition of forgery, as laid down in Beg.</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Richardson,.</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">Law Reports, Crown Cases Reserved; also in Leech</hi> 1,
<hi rend="italic">Reg. v. Jones, in Sir Fitzjames Stephens's book, and in East.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">argued that if the doctrine contended for was to prevail, every written document which was false would be a forgery at common law. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">without deciding that</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT'S</hi>
<hi rend="italic">argument was not right, said that it struck him as a novel application of the doctrine of forgery, and he should certainly reserve the point if it was pressed.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">thereupon withdrew from the prosecu
<lb/>tion of this indictment.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-71-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-71-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-71-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-72">
<interp inst="t18771210-72" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-72" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-72-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-72-18771210 t18771210-72-offence-1 t18771210-72-verdict-1"/>
<p>72.
<persName id="def1-72-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-72-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-72-18771210" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-72-18771210" type="surname" value="WILLSHIRE"/>
<interp inst="def1-72-18771210" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WILLSHIRE</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="italic">was again indicted for</hi>
<rs id="t18771210-72-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-72-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-72-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> Wilful and corrupt Perjury.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSES. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-3" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-3" type="surname" value="LIPSCOMB"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-3" type="given" value="LANCELOT CHARLES DUNCAN"/>LANCELOT CHARLES DUNCAN LIPSCOMB</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Divorce Registry—I produce an office copy of a decree
<hi rend="italic">nisi</hi> for a divorce in the case of Willshire
<hi rend="italic">v.</hi> Willshire, and other documents which were produced at the police-court—the Chief Clerk gave them to me—I have an affidavit sworn by the prisoner dated 12th June, also a copy of the order for the payment of costs and the interpleader summons—I have a document purporting to be an affidavit of J. N. Able; also one of Simon Carr and of Mrs. Gliddon; also an affidavit of Willshire of 16th of June; of Thomas Sampson, a solicitor, and of his clerk, Mr. Dibbin—the original decree
<hi rend="italic">nisi</hi> is in the Registry.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100002"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-4" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-4" type="surname" value="MAYNARD"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-4" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MAYNARD</persName> </hi>. I am solicitor to the Sheriff of Middlesex, of 10, Clifford's Inn—I caused this summons to be issued—I produce, the order of 12th June on the interpleader summons, and a copy of the second order setting aside the first.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was present when the matter was argued before Sir James Hannen—none of the affidavits were read, but they were all referred to and inserted in the order.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-5" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-5" type="surname" value="DUNNING"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-5" type="given" value="SIMON"/>SIMON DUNNING</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor of 27, Parliament Street, and a com
<lb/>missioner to administer oaths—this affidavit was sworn before me—I do not recognise the person who swore it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-6" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-6" type="surname" value="DIBBIN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-6" type="given" value="JAMES FREDERICK"/>JAMES FREDERICK DIBBIN</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Thos. Sampson, 252, Marylebone Road—I have known Willshire as being employed by Mr. Bretton, a solicitor—early in June he came to Mr. Sampson's office with a Mr. Carr (I had had a communication with Mr. Sampson as to an inter
<lb/>pleader)—I said "What Mr. Carr is it?"—he said "The claimant," or "One of the claimants in the interpleader; I have brought him in order that he may know you; he will be at Westminster"—on Tuesday, 12th June, about 9.30, the defendant called at Mr. Sampson's office, and handed me these two documents and another one—he said "These are the affidavits to be used in the interpleader summons"—I said "This morning?"—he said "Yes"—I said "What about copies for the other side?"—he either said "I have sent them," or "They have had them"—either I or Mr. Sampson said "What about the fee for the attendance this morning?"—he said "I will meet you this morning at Westminster before the summons comes on"—I went to Westminster, and attended before the President of the Divorce Court—Mr. Herbert was there repre
<lb/>senting the execution creditor; Mr. Maynard, the Sheriff, and myself the claimants—I showed these three documents to Mr. Herbert, and we all went before the President, and after reading the affidavits Mr. Herbert elected to take an issue—the papers were handed back to me—they were not then stamped—Willshire had said he would meet me to file the documents—I afterwards met him in the hall, and he handed me this affidavit of 12th June—I put the stamps on the four affidavits and handed them to the clerk to file.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Those affidavits are the only documents he handed to me—they had no influence on the mind of the President—Mr. Her
<lb/>bert elected to take the issue without any reference to those affidavits—the affidavit of 12th June was handed to me afterwards, when the whole thing had been disposed of.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-7" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-7" type="surname" value="SAMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-7" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SAMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 252, Marylebone Road—early in June the defendant saw me at the Marylebone Police Court, and he assured me Britton was out of town, and as he had an interpleader sum
<lb/>mons to attend to, he asked would I let my clerk undertake it—I said I would—he handed me a paper, which I signed, and he took it away—it was a notice of claim upon certain goods.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-8" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-8" type="surname" value="ABEL"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-8" type="given" value="JAMES NAPTON"/>JAMES NAPTON ABEL</persName> </hi>. I am a wine merchant, of 37, Westbourne Park Road—in June last I had been acquainted with the defendant two or three years as a solicitor—I was on very friendly terms with him—I knew him while he was residing at 67, Church Street, Kensington—I had offices in Pall Mall Place—on 5th June he called on me there between four and five in the afternoon—he brought two papers, and asked me if I would sign them for him—I said I had no objection as long as they were all</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100003"/>
<p>right and did not affect me in any way—he said they were to do with protecting his furniture—I signed the two papers—they had Mr. Samp
<lb/>son's name outside—this is one of them—that is my signature—I was never sworn to it—before he went away he gave me this receipt for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., for his furniture, as he put it—it is dated 19th September, 1876—it is not true that I paid him 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for furniture, or that the furniture at Church Street was let by me to Mr. S. Carr, or that they were my sole property—he said he had a friend outside, would I be introduced to him—I said I had no objection—I went out and was introduced to Carr, but finding him anything but a gentleman I did not stop a moment—I don't think there was any heading or jurat to this affidavit when I signed it—I could not swear about the heading, but I am certain there was nothing at the bottom—on 12th June I went to Mr. Herbert's office, and had a conversa
<lb/>tion with him, in consequence of which an affidavit was prepared for me—on the morning of the 13th I went to Somerset House and inspected the affidavit purporting to have been made by me—I am acquainted with the prisoner's handwriting—to the best of my belief this receipt is His writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been in business four or five years—I did not read the documents which the defendant asked me to sign—I did not know the nature of them—I knew partially what was in them, that it was to protect his furniture—I certainly did not know that I was signing an affidavit, I swear that—I asked the purport of it, and he said it was to protect his furniture—I won't pledge myself that I did not read it—I believed in the man implicitly—he had acted as my solicitor for two years—I don't believe I read either "of the papers—I did not know the nature of the other document, nor do I now, unless—it was a list of his furniture—I have seen it since at Somerset House, and at Bow Street, I think—it was an agreement—I can't say that I knew then what it was—I know it referred to his furniture, and I knew no more—I can't say whether it was an agreement for the hire of his furniture—I won't swear one way or the other—I could not tell you whether there was a date to it—I did not ask why it was dated 19th September, 1876—I saw on it, "Received of Mr. J. N. Abel 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for furniture"—I knew that the whole thing was fictitious—I did not say anything—in September, 1876, the defendant did not ask me to lend him 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., that I swear; unfortunately I gave him my acceptance for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—it was to buy some property for myself, not to lend him—it had nothing to do with this case—he did not ask me to lend him my acceptance for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for his own benefit, nor did I do so—I did give him my acceptance for 50/. but not for his own use—I paid it in January or February—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is it—I have accepted more than one bill for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which I handed to the prisoner—Mr. Good discounted one bill and renewed it, and the renewal was paid—I see Good's name on the back of this bill—I presume that the proceeds of that bill went from Good to the prisoner—I was not called upon to pay this bill, because I gave another in its place—I don't know that that second bill was dis
<lb/>counted by a man named Eyre—(
<hi rend="italic">looking at a letter</hi>) I suppose I received this letter and sent it to the prisoner, calling his attention to it—I have no doubt, now I see that letter, that Eyre did discount the bill and applied to me for the money, but I did not remember the name—this is another matter, quite foreign to this case—there have been two or three bills, I can't remember which was which—this letter is dated 5th May, 1877—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100004"/>
<p>don't know whether I took up this bill—I took up all that have been pre
<lb/>sented at my bank—if I did not take this up I gave another in its place—the prisoner held a bill of mine in June, which he sent me the middle part of back—whatever bill I have paid has been returned to me through my bank, and I have got it—I have paid every bill that I have accepted, unless it has been renewed—I swear that the receipt for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., dated September, 1876, was never in my possession or brought to me until June, 1877—that has no reference to the acceptance in September in any shape or form—when I gave him the 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. acceptance he did not tell me that the only security he had was his furniture, the subject of this affidavit, that I swear.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Wiltshire asked me once at my house whether I would sign something for him—I cannot tell you how long before the 5th June it was—it was some time this year—I never heard of the furniture being assigned to me—I was only once in the house in Church Street—I had not seen Carr till the 5th of June—it is not true that I had leased to him on 20th February, 1876, the furniture mentioned in the schedule—I did not see the signature of Carr upon it when I signed it—I have had three or four bill transactions with Willshire, and I have always satisfied them by payment at my bankers or by giving renewed acceptances—I gave my acceptance for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the property at Hoxton, which was discounted—it was a house that was to be purchased jointly by him and me—I have never seen a deed or anything to do with the property—I don't know what he did with the money—he brought me a deed and took it away again—I have not got the property now, because I can't get hold of my deed—the acceptance was renewed once, and it was paid the second time—that bill was given this year.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-9" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-9" type="surname" value="RHODES"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-9" type="given" value="AUTHUR CHARLES"/>AUTHUR CHARLES RHODES</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 63, Chancery Lane, and am a commissioner to administer oaths—this affidavit purporting to be sworn by J. N. Abel was sworn before me—Abel is not the person who swore it—the name rather attracted my attention at the time, knowing a professor of that name—the jurat was put on by one of my clerks, the schedule is not marked as an exhibit—I can swear that it was not called to my attention, otherwise I should not have marked it as an exhibit—the man who appeared before me was a scrubby little fellow—he was described as a wine-broker—he looked more like a furniture-broker, and a very low class too.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I swear between seventy and eighty affidavits in the course of a year—I particularly noticed that the man was a very scrubby-looking person, and very dirty too.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-10" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-10" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-10" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE GREGORY</persName> </hi>. I reside with my mother, at 16, Grove Street, Mary
<lb/>lebone—I made the acquaintance of the defendant at the beginning of 1876—I knew him at 7, Gordon Place, and 1a, Camden Road—in November, 1876, I engaged to marry him—I have called on him there—he said the furniture was all his—he said he occupied the whole house—at the beginning of July last I found that the furniture had all gone—he said it was owing to some stupid neglect of his late governor, Mr. Rose, that he had a case on at Croydon, that he had a sum of 90
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to pay, that he could not pay it, that they adjourned the case till the next day, and he went home and cleared everything out of the house, and sent all the things to some brokers in the neighbourhood, and got the money that he wanted lent him—he showed me a bag with money in it that he had got</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100005"/>
<p>on his furniture, and a book with some bank notes in it—since then the engagement has been broken off, for very good reasons.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> At the time he made the statement to me about his furniture he was paying his addresses to me—when we were married we were to inhabit the house, and I was to have the furniture settled upon me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-11" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-11" type="given" value="FREDERICK SAUNDERS"/>FREDERICK SAUNDERS HERBERT</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 17, Gracechurch Street—I am solicitor to the lady who was the defendant's wife—I had the conduct of this matter in reference to obtaining the amount of costs, 153
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—prior to the interpleader summons I had received this copy of his affidavit, all but the jurat—I have compared it with the original—it is the same in terms—I attended at the hearing of the summons on 12th June—the affidavits were not discussed at the hearing—I said I had looked through them, and I elected to take an issue—I had read this affidavit at that time, and I expressly requested that it should be filed—on that after
<lb/>noon Mr. Abel called upon me, and next morning I prepared his affi
<lb/>davit—I accompanied him to Somerset House, and he there inspected his alleged affidavit—I have received 37
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd in respect of the costs, less expenses—40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was the gross amount.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am conducting this prosecution—I did not conduct the divorce proceedings of the defendant—I came into it after the decree—I then represented the wife—Mrs. Marshall, the mother, is not a client of mine—she has expressed herself very angrily as to the prisoner, not hostile in particular—I am now acting for the Treasury—I was originally acting for Mrs. Marshall, the prosecutrix, as I suppose she would be called now—she is the judgment creditor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. N. ABLE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). Mr. Willshire owes me, including the money I paid for the house at Hoxton, nearly 100/.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that the indictment could not be sustained because it was not stated that any application for a loan had been made under the Inter
<lb/>pleader Act, and referred to the case of The Queen</hi> v.
<hi rend="italic">Bishop in</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">Carrington and Marshman; also because there was no averment of the materiality of the matter in respect of which the Defendant was sworn, nor was the particular affidavit used in the proceedings.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">contended that the affidavit having been sworn before an authorised Commissioner, with the intention of using it, if it teas false, the charge of perjury was established. The</hi> Court
<hi rend="italic">overruled the objection.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-12" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-12" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL NICHOLLS</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Richardson, of 12, Upper George Street, Bryanstone Square—in August, 1876, I lent 25/. to the defendant upon some furniture, which I removed to my own warehouse—the defendant repaid me on the 11th October, 1876, by a cheque, and removed the goods, but I do not know where to—I should not know the cheque again—I do not think I could identify the name.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-13" type="surname" value="GOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-13" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GOOD</persName> </hi>. My son's office is 106, Fenchurch Street—I handed 50/. to the defendant, less the discount—I should not be able to identify the bill—the bill was paid in March.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-72-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-72-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-72-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-72-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-72-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-72-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-72-18771210 t18771210-72-punishment-1"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-73">
<interp inst="t18771210-73" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-73" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-73-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-73-18771210 t18771210-73-offence-1 t18771210-73-verdict-1"/>
<p>73.
<persName id="def1-73-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-73-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-73-18771210" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-73-18771210" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-73-18771210" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SMITH</hi> (19)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-73-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-73-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-73-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18771210-73-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-73-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-73-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>to Breaking and entering a place of divine worship, with intent to commit a felony, and stealing a book, the property of
<persName id="t18771210-name-15" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-15" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-15" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-73-offence-1 t18771210-name-15"/>James Marshall</persName> and others**</rs>-
<rs id="t18771210-73-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-73-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-73-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-73-18771210 t18771210-73-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">six Months'Imprisonment</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-74">
<interp inst="t18771210-74" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-74" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-74-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-74-18771210 t18771210-74-offence-1 t18771210-74-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100006"/>
<p>74.
<persName id="def1-74-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-74-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-74-18771210" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-74-18771210" type="surname" value="DRAKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-74-18771210" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED DRAKE</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-74-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-74-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-74-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-74-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-74-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-74-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to Burglary in the dwelling, house of
<persName id="t18771210-name-17" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-17" type="surname" value="HUCKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-17" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-74-offence-1 t18771210-name-17"/>Henry Huckett</persName>, and stealing a—watch and other goods—</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-74-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-74-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-74-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-74-18771210 t18771210-74-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-75">
<interp inst="t18771210-75" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-75" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-75-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-75-18771210 t18771210-75-offence-1 t18771210-75-verdict-1"/>
<p>75.
<persName id="def1-75-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-75-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-75-18771210" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-75-18771210" type="surname" value="SLATTERLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-75-18771210" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL SLATTERLEY</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-75-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-75-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-75-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-75-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-75-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-75-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18771210-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-19" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-19" type="given" value="THOS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-75-offence-1 t18771210-name-19"/>Thos. Osborne</persName> the elder, and stealing a brush and coat; there was another indictment for Burglary against him—</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-75-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-75-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-75-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-75-18771210 t18771210-75-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment And</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-76">
<interp inst="t18771210-76" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-76" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-76-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-76-18771210 t18771210-76-offence-1 t18771210-76-verdict-1"/>
<p>76.
<persName id="def1-76-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-76-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-76-18771210" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-76-18771210" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-76-18771210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HAMILTON</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-76-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-76-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-76-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-76-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-76-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-76-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18771210-name-21" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-21" type="surname" value="EASTMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-21" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-76-offence-1 t18771210-name-21"/>Edward Eastman</persName>, and stealing a coffee-pot, tea-caddy, and other goods, also to a conviction for felony in Feb. 1871, at Clerken
<lb/>well, in the name of
<persName id="t18771210-name-22">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-22" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18771210-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-name-22 t18771210-alias-1"/>William Tame</rs> </persName>**—</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-76-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-76-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-76-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-76-18771210 t18771210-76-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1877.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18771210-name-23" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-23" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-23" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm Kerr</persName>, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-77">
<interp inst="t18771210-77" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-77" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-77-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-77-18771210 t18771210-77-offence-1 t18771210-77-verdict-1"/>
<p>77.
<persName id="def1-77-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-77-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-77-18771210" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-77-18771210" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-77-18771210" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS KING</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-77-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-77-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-77-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-25" type="surname" value="CHILD"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-25" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHILD</persName> </hi>. I manage the Rose and Crown public-house, Bromley—on 26th Oct., about 11 a.m. the prisoner came in for two-pennyworth of port wine—my barman served him and brought me a bad half-crown—I gave him in custody with the coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-26" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-26" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED WARREN</persName> </hi>. On 26th October I was barman to Mr. Child—the prisoner asked me for two-pennyworth of port wine, and gave me this bad half-crown—I took it to the manager and bent it double.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-27" type="surname" value="GIBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-27" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GIBBS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 142
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). I was at the Rose and Crown—Mr. Child gave the prisoner into my custody—he said that he must have taken the coin at the Blind Beggar public-house the previous evening—he was taken before a Magistrate, and discharged on the 30th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-28" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-28" type="surname" value="STYLES"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-28" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH STYLES</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Styles, who keeps the White Swan, Ray-street, Clerkenwell—on 13th November I served the prisoner with some rum—he gave me a bad florin, which I handed to my husband, who went out with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-29" type="surname" value="STYLES"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-29" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS STYLES</persName> </hi>. My wife handed me this coin, and I asked the prisoner if he knew where he took it—he said "No"—I asked him to go with me to the police-station; we went out and met a policeman, and I gave the prisoner in charge—the coin was given to the Treasury.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-30" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-30" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE JACKSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 278
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). I met Mr. Styles and the prisoner, who gave him into my charge, with this bad florin—I searched him at the station, and found a good half-crown and one penny—he said that he did not know how he came by the coin unless he had it in his wages, and did not know it was bad—he was taken to the police-court and discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-31" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-31" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE ELIZABETH"/>CHARLOTTE ELIZABETH BENNETT</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Samuel William Bennett, who keeps the Crown public-house, St. John Street, Clerkenwell—on 24th Nov., between 9 and 10 p.m., I served the prisoner with a glass of stout—he tendered a bad half-crown—I asked him how many there were of them—he said that he did not know what I meant—I said "Don't you?" and gave him into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-32" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-32" type="given" value="SAMUEL WILLIAM"/>SAMUEL WILLIAM BENNETT</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of the last witness—she called me into the bar, and gave me this bad half-crown—I said to the prisoner "Are you come again?"—he said "I don't know what you mean "(he had tendered me a bad florin a fortnight before)—he then gave me three halfpence—I said "You try another game; your face will</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100007"/>
<p>describe you wherever you go"—my wife knew
<hi rend="largeCaps">him</hi> by the description I had given her before—I gave him in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-33" type="surname" value="DIVAL"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-33" type="given" value="JESSE"/>JESSE DIVAL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 85
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). I took the prisoner, and found on him a good half-crown and one penny.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-34" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-34" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These three coins are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I got the first half-crown in change of a half-sovereign, the next in change of a sovereign, and the third from my master.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-77-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-77-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-77-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-77-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-77-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-77-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-77-18771210 t18771210-77-punishment-6"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-78">
<interp inst="t18771210-78" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-78" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-78-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-78-18771210 t18771210-78-offence-1 t18771210-78-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-78-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-78-18771210 t18771210-78-offence-1 t18771210-78-verdict-1"/>
<p>78.
<persName id="def1-78-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-78-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-78-18771210" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-78-18771210" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-78-18771210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HOWARD</hi> (28)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-78-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-78-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-78-18771210" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-78-18771210" type="surname" value="ROMLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-78-18771210" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD ROMLEY</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-78-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-78-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-78-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a medal resembling a sovereign with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. W. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18771210-78-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-78-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-78-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noAgreement"/>
<hi rend="italic">The Jury, after consulting for an hour, stated that they were unable to agree to a verdict, and were therefore discharged</hi> </rs>.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-79">
<interp inst="t18771210-79" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-79" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-79-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-79-18771210 t18771210-79-offence-1 t18771210-79-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-79-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-79-18771210 t18771210-79-offence-1 t18771210-79-verdict-1"/>
<p>79.
<persName id="def1-79-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-79-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-79-18771210" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-79-18771210" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-79-18771210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HOWARD</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-79-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-79-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-79-18771210" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-79-18771210" type="surname" value="ROMLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-79-18771210" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD ROMLEY</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18771210-79-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-79-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-79-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> were again given in charge to another Jury upon the same indictment, </rs>
<hi rend="italic">upon which no evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-79-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-79-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-79-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-80">
<interp inst="t18771210-80" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-80" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-80-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-80-18771210 t18771210-80-offence-1 t18771210-80-verdict-1"/>
<p>80.
<persName id="def1-80-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-80-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18771210" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18771210" type="surname" value="NINNES"/>
<interp inst="def1-80-18771210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM NINNES</hi> (25)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-80-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-80-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-80-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18771210-80-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-80-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-80-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>to Embezzling 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and stealing 12 postage-stamps of
<persName id="t18771210-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-40" type="surname" value="NORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-40" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-80-offence-1 t18771210-name-40"/>Charles Norris</persName>, his master—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-80-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-80-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-80-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-80-18771210 t18771210-80-punishment-7"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-81">
<interp inst="t18771210-81" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-81" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-81-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-81-18771210 t18771210-81-offence-1 t18771210-81-verdict-1"/>
<p>81.
<persName id="def1-81-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-81-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-81-18771210" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-81-18771210" type="surname" value="BINSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-81-18771210" type="given" value="MAXIMILIAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAXIMILIAN BINSTEIN</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-81-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-81-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-81-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously diminishing and impairing two sovereigns, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSES. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ODGERS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-42" type="surname" value="WESTERN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-42" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR WESTERN</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Thomas McCarthy, a tobacconist of 164, Oxford Street—on 8th November, between 2 and 3 p.m., the prisoner came in for three cigarettes, and gave me a sovereign—it looked suspicious—I weighed it, found it was not weight, returned it to him, and he gave me a good one—he said that he knew where he took it, and he came again for three cigarettes, and tendered a similar sovereign—a young lady followed him into the shop—he had his purse in his hand, and I saw him give her something—I gave him in charge, with the coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My shop is opposite the Princess's Theatre, and one of the pieces was just over—he did not speak like a foreigner—I am sure he is the same man who came in in the morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-43" type="surname" value="MAUDSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-43" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MAUDSLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>). On 8th November, at 11 o'clock, I went to 364, Oxford Street, and found the prisoner detained by Western—he and a young lady were given into my custody—the prisoner said that he knew the coin was bad, but he took it from some one, and thought he was at liberty to get rid of it—I searched him and found ten sovereigns, four half-sovereigns, 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze, and this billhead (
<hi rend="italic">this was headed</hi> "Dalton to L. M. Binstein, 21, Everett Street, surgical-instrument maker and electro-plater; gilding done on the premises")—I went to 21, Everett Street, and found on the door "L. M. Binstein, electro-plater and surgical-instrument maker."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The proprietor of the shop gave Miss Lyons in custody—the coin is good gold what there is of it—it is light—I went to the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100008"/>
<p>prisoner's house immediately after he was discharged—he was charged the next morning and Miss Lyons was discharged after the first remand—I have marked the sovereign, and there were two marks on it, one on each side, apparently from teeth.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-44" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-44" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BROWN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 165). I was called to 364, Oxford-street, and took the woman Lyons—we were 4 or 5 yards in advance of the prisoner, going to the station—I had hold of her by her left hand—she dropped this sovereign (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) and I picked it up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was marked by the Sergeant, and I made two or three marks over the horse's head.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-45" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHANDLER"/>WILLIAM CHANDLER ROBERTS</persName> </hi>, F. R. S. I have been chemist to the Mini for seven years, and have considerable experience in respect of coins—these two coins are good gold, but they have been reduced in weight by the action of a solvent, one 10 gr. 6, and the other 11 gr. 1, which is 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in value respectively—the standard of a sovereign is 123.27—the estimated loss in a year on a sovereign is 0.43, so that in four years these coins ought only to have lost by legitimate wear 2/10 ths and 1/4 of a grain respectively. I have a sovereign here which I reduced by a solvent in an hour, and I produce the gold taken from it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I lightened one of Her Majesty's coins by the direction of the Master of the Mint, and got off of it 10.6 of gold—there is copper in sovereigns, and I may have brought the copper to the surface—a solvent makes the surface frosted or honeycombed—the majority of sovereigns leave the Mint a fraction of a grain under 123.27, but one of these coins comes from Melbourne—it is quite possible for a light sovereign to leave the Mint—in 1866 two florins left the Mint, one worth 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and the other 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—some sovereigns pass the best part of their lives shut up in banks—coins which are in great circulation bear evidence of being more worn than my average—I call Professor Jevons an authority—he states that coins passing from hand to hand at the East End of London wear a great deal more than those at the West End—gold varies in softness—I do not know that the gold used in 1873 was of a soft quality—I weighed these sovereigns, one weighs 112.624, and the other 112.174.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I do not believe they, have been deteriorated by wear—they do—not look like worn coins—each coin since 1870 has been weighed before it leaves the Mint.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-46" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-46" type="surname" value="DOWN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-46" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN DOWN</persName> </hi>. I live at Everett Street, Russell Square—the prisoner has lived six months in the basement of my house—he is a surgical instrument maker and electro-plater—I have never seen him at work.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> His man does all the work, and he is generally out obtaining orders—he pays his rent regularly, and is a most respectable man. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ODGERS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that there was no proof that the prisoner had himself done anything to the sovereigns, and that there was no case to go to the jury, in which the</hi> Court
<hi rend="italic">concurred.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-81-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-81-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-81-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-82">
<interp inst="t18771210-82" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-82" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-82-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-82-18771210 t18771210-82-offence-1 t18771210-82-verdict-1"/>
<p>82.
<persName id="def1-82-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-82-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18771210" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18771210" type="surname" value="BINSTEIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-82-18771210" type="given" value="MAXIMILIAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAXIMILIAN BINSTEIN</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="italic">was again indictedfor</hi>
<rs id="t18771210-82-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-82-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-82-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> Unlawfully uttering a coin resembling a sovereign, but of less value.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The same evidence was repeated. The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-82-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-82-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-82-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100009"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, Dec.</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1877.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-83">
<interp inst="t18771210-83" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-83" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-83-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-83-18771210 t18771210-83-offence-1 t18771210-83-verdict-1"/>
<p>83.
<persName id="def1-83-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-83-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18771210" type="age" value="51"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18771210" type="surname" value="TILSLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18771210" type="given" value="EDWARD HUGH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD HUGH TILSLEY</hi> (51)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-83-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-83-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-83-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18771210-83-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-83-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-83-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>
<hi rend="italic">to three indictments for</hi> Embezzling the sums of 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 100/., 100/., and 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Received by him in the years 1872-3-4 and 5, on account of the
<persName id="t18771210-name-49" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-49" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-83-offence-1 t18771210-name-49"/>Inland Revenue Department</persName>, his employers.</rs> He was strongly recommended to mercy by the prosecution, having been 27 years in the service, and having paid 800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to cover his deficiencies.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-83-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-83-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-83-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-83-18771210 t18771210-83-punishment-8"/>Six Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-84">
<interp inst="t18771210-84" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-84" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-84-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-84-18771210 t18771210-84-offence-1 t18771210-84-verdict-1"/>
<p>84.
<persName id="def1-84-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-84-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18771210" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18771210" type="surname" value="LACEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18771210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM LACEY</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-84-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-84-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-84-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-84-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-84-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-84-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, to Feloniously receiving divers postage stamps and cards, and 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18771210-name-51" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-51" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-84-offence-1 t18771210-name-51"/>the Queen</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-84-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-84-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-84-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-84-18771210 t18771210-84-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>. (
<hi rend="italic">See</hi> page 100.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-85">
<interp inst="t18771210-85" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-85" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-85-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-85-18771210 t18771210-85-offence-1 t18771210-85-verdict-1"/>
<p>85.
<persName id="def1-85-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-85-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-85-18771210" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-85-18771210" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="def1-85-18771210" type="given" value="GEORGE ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ALFRED PHILLIPS</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-85-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-85-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-85-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-85-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-85-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-85-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">to three indictments for</hi> Forging and uttering transfers of stock amounting to 5,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. With intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-85-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-85-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-85-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-85-18771210 t18771210-85-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-86">
<interp inst="t18771210-86" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-86" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-86-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-86-18771210 t18771210-86-offence-1 t18771210-86-verdict-1"/>
<p>86.
<persName id="def1-86-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-86-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-86-18771210" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-86-18771210" type="surname" value="MCDAID"/>
<interp inst="def1-86-18771210" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES McDAID</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-86-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-86-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-86-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an acceptance to a bill of exchange for 155/. with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-54" type="surname" value="SHOOLBRED"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-54" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SHOOLBRED</persName> </hi>. I am a bill broker, of 32, Nicolas Lane, Lombard Street—I have known the prisoner about two years—during that time I have constantly discounted bills for him—I usually charged him 5 per cent. per annum interest, with a commission of half per cent. on the amount—sometimes bills were running to the amount of 1,200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 1,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; at the time this happened there were more than that—about 17th May he brought me this bill of exchange, dated 10th May, with two others; the three amounted to 660
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I asked him how it was that Mr. McLaughlin, being a shirt-manufacturer, should give acceptances to him, another shirt-manufacturer—he explained that McLaughlin could do certain makes of shirts better than he could, and it answered his purpose to buy of him, and that he sent over shirts to McLaughlin, for which he (McLaughlin) gave him his acceptance—upon that I discounted the three bills, and gave him in payment these two cheques for 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 495
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—they have been returned by my bankers as paid. (
<hi rend="italic">The bill of</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th May</hi>, 1877,
<hi rend="italic">was a four months' bill and purported to be accepted by P. McLaughlin, payable at the Omagh branch of the Belfast Bank</hi>.) On 28th August I received this bill for 154
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from the prisoner—the bill of 10th May became due on 13th September—it was sent over by my bank to be collected in Ireland, and within a day or two afterwards it came back marked as a forgery—in the interval I had received a telegram from Ireland—I received this letter from McLaughlin in reply to one I wrote to him asking for payment, of the bill—about 16th September I saw the prisoner and told him that I had heard that McLaughlin said the bill was a forgery—he said it was not so, that he Would tell McLaughlin to come over to England to assure me that he had not cause for saying it was a forgery—it was after that I received the letter from McLaughlin—the prisoner called on me again, a week or 10 days after that, and produced this letter, saying he had received it from McLaughlin. (
<hi rend="italic">Head:</hi> "September 15, 1877. Sir,—I did not intend to say the bill was a forgery exactly, but I had no note of a bill of that date, but I find I was mistaken. I will explain to the bank how, and do anything you wish to set it right. I will get the money together in a week or 10 days, and send it to you or the holder of the bill, as you</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100010"/>
<p>think right.—P. McLaughlin.") I believed that letter to be McLaughlin's writing—I have never had any money in respect of either of the bills—I know the prisoner's writing—I should think this letter is his writing. (
<hi rend="italic">This as dated</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th September</hi>, 1877,
<hi rend="italic">from the prisoner to M'Laughlin, requesting him to write a letter to the effect of the one read, and stating that the bill would be provided for</hi>.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have had a good many transactions with the prisoner, extending over two years—I have very likely discounted five or six bills for him with McLaughlin's name as acceptor, prior to this bill of 10th May—I am prepared to swear that the conversation about McLaughlin's acceptance took place this year—it might have taken place in connection with other bills as well—those bills were similar in amount—at the time the prisoner showed me the letter signed P. McLaughlin I had McLaughlin's genuine letter to myself in my posses
<lb/>sion—he certainly did not say that he had prepared that letter as a copy for McLaughlin to write from—the prisoner took McLaughlin's letter to me away with him—I did not compare the writing of the two letters—I gave the prisoner into custody on or about 10th November.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-55" type="surname" value="MCLAUGHLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-55" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK MCLAUGHLIN</persName> </hi>. I live in Church-street, Omagh, county Tyrone, and am a maker of shirts and cuffs—I have known the prisoner over 10 years—the acceptance to this bill of 10th May is not my writing—I first knew of it when it was presented to me at Omagh on 13th September by a clerk from the Provincial Bank, Omagh branch—there is no branch of the Belfast Bank there—when it was presented I at once telegraphed to the bank in London—I got letter this from the prisoner the evening following, asking me to cover it—I had not had any communication with reference to it from the prisoner until then—I had received this telegram from him about an hour alter the bill was presented, and I immediately wrote to him a letter before I received his letter—I did not communicate with Mr. Shoolbred until he demanded payment, that was some time after—I wrote him this letter of 21st September telling him the facts of the case—I did not write the letter of the 15th—I attended at the police-court, and gave evidence, and then I was shown this other acceptance—I had pre
<lb/>viously seen it that morning at Mr. Miller's office—it is not my writing—I did not owe the prisoner any such sum as 151
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in May.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I think my first business transaction with the prisoner was early in 1876—I had business transactions with him early in the present year—he supplied me with goods to make—I accepted three bills for him; two in August, 1876, and the third, I believe, in December, 1876—they were not in respect of goods supplied by him to me, they were simply accommodation bills—in December, 1876, there was a bill coming due—this letter is my writing to the prisoner. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "Dear Sir,—I dare say my hurried letter of yesterday has reached you in due time containing your bill; I have just five minutes to write and post it; it was a very close shave with the bill due, I had scarcely time to have the bank order cashed until it was presented for payment; the least hitch in remittance would have been extremely awkward. With regard to a banking account, how would it do for you to accept a bill for me for 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., or say for what amount of work you can give me to make, for four or five months? I merely want your opinion; in the meantime in that way it might be possible to open a banking account without your advancing money directly for that purpose; however, as you intend coming over</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100011"/>
<p>perhaps it will be better to wait till then, which I presume will be this side Christmas.") The bill due in December was an accommodation bill—he asked me as an obligement to accept those bills for him—I know Charles McDaid, the prisoner's brother—I did not in his presence sanction the use of my name to acceptances by the prisoner, that I swear—I know William Haggerty—I was over here in the early part of August, 1876—I did not on that occasion say to the prisoner "You can use my name to bills"—I was over here in August this year—I remember meeting Charles McDaid and Haggerty—I did not on that occasion say that I did not mind my name being used, so long as the bills were met—what occurred was this, in what I said I referred to Charles McDaid—Haggerty was not present—I said
<hi rend="italic">"</hi> Those bills that I ac
<lb/>cepted for McDaid he did not accept as he intended to do—he promised to send me the money to meet those bills, and he had not done so—this one was presented before the money was forwarded, I could have seen my way to accommodate him, but when things turned out like that I could not see my way further to have any connection in that way"—that was simply referring to what was past, to those three accommodation bills—one of them, I believe, was a three months' bill, and the other two four months—two were accepted in August, 1876, one at three and the other at four months—they have been met, the prisoner provided the money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> With regard to those three acceptances, I wrote them in my own proper hand writing—I never, under any circumstances, authorized the prisoner to write my name; I never thought of such a thing—those three bills were written by me; two of them I have in my possession, the third I have not got, he wrote saying it was all right, and I heard no more about it—in August, 1877, my complaint was that he had not sent the money to meet this bill, and in consequence of that I would not accept for him any further—he never mentioned anything then about a bill dated 10th May, to which he had written my name, and left with Mr. Shoolbred—this was at the latter end of August; I left about the 24th, and was here up to the 29th or 30th—neither he or his brother told me that they had signed my name to the bill of 10th August—I never gave them authority to sign my name to that bill—I never gave any authority to any one to write my name—these acceptances are not an imitation of my writing—as to the bill marked A. the drawing and acceptance seem to be in the same writing, except the signature—I have no idea whose writing the August bill is.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-56" type="surname" value="OUTRAM"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-56" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT OUTRAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). On 12th November I received a warrant from the Mansion House, and took the prisoner into custody about 5.30—I told him I was a detective sergeant, and read the warrant to him. charging him with forging the bill of 10th May—he said "For
<lb/>gery, it is not so, this is a conspiracy amongst a clique to ruin me"—I took him to the station, and found these documents marked D. and K. on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-57" type="surname" value="LOWE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-57" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED LOWE</persName> </hi>. I am a messenger in the Court of Bankruptcy—I produce the file of proceedings in the prisoner's liquidation. (
<hi rend="italic">The petition was filed on</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th September</hi>, 1877,
<hi rend="italic">by the prisoner, stating his liabilities as</hi> 8,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 6,630
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">on bills discounted</hi>.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-58" type="surname" value="MCDAID"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-58" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES McDAID</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's brother, and live at 157, St. James's Road, Bermondsey—I was in my brother's employ when he was carrying on business at Bermondsey as a shirt and collar</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100012"/>
<p>manufacturer—I know Mr. McLaughlin—I was present at an interview between him and my brother, in the summer or autumn of 1876, in the counting-house in Bermondsey—they were talking on business matters, and they both said they could do a lot more trade if they had more capital, and I saw a bill before them—the bill passed over; and McLaughlin said "There, that is all right"—my brother said "If I could use your name on bills, as in some cases I may be wanting cash, it would be serviceable to me, as in many cases it would take too long a time for letters to be sent and answered"—McLaughlin said "I have not the least objection at all, and in return I shall want you to assist me in trade through the London houses, and also in opening a banking account; we could transact business far easier and better"—my brother I said he would see to that afterwards—in the summer or autumn of this year Haggerty and McLaughlin were at my lodging spending the evening—my brother was not present—in the course of conversation I said to McLaughlin "There is an acceptance of yours on, have you any objection?"—he said "Not the least," or "I don't mind, as McDaid always sees to them when they are due, and he also promised to assist me in trade, and I trust he will keep to his promise
<hi rend="italic">now</hi>, as I am rather slack"—he asked me if we had any work that we could spare at that time—I said "You had a lot before, which you kept so long"—he said he was slack now, and could do them quicker—he did not say that he would not allow his name to be used; on the contrary, he said he was pleased so long as my brother met them, and could assist him in trade.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The first conversation was about August, 1876, at my brother's place of business—I was then a servant there, and was paid a salary—I think McLaughlin signed three bills of exchange-one, I think, he signed there; that bill was due in December—I was present at the Mansion House part of the time while the prisoner was under examination—I did not then mention what I have stated to-day—on 14th November I sent a telegram to McLaughlin that it was of vital importance to my brother that I should see him at once, because I was intending to remind him of the promise he had made—I had not seen any telegram saying that the bill was a forgery—I can't remember whether my brother was in charge at that time—on the 15th November I sent a telegram to Mrs. McLaughlin, "Has Patrick left for London; when and by what route? Reply paid"—on 17th November I telegraphed to McLaughlin, "Say by wire when you will leave for London, and by what route. Reply paid"—this letter of 15th September (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is not my writing or my brother's—I know nothing about it—I was not present when it was written or arranged—I know William Porter—I don't know whether that letter is in the same handwriting as the letter purporting to be signed by McLaughlin—Porter was a shirt-cutter to my brother—I have been doing a little business since my brother's liquidation, at 157, St. James's Road—a person named Taplin, of Cross Street, Blackfriars, was employed by my brother; he has failed—I do not know that my brother has got acceptances of a number of persons who were in his employment—I had nothing to do with those acceptances, and do not know anything about bill transactions, I was getting goods ready and sending them out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-59" type="surname" value="HAGGERTY"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-59" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HAGGERTY</persName> </hi>. I live in Yielding Road, Bermondsey—at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100013"/>
<p>present I am a tramway conductor—I have been in the prisoner's employ nearly three years—I left about September or October this year, when he failed—I remember seeing McLaughlin at the prisoner's several times—I was at Charles McDaid's lodging about August or September this year, when he and McLaughlin were there—Charles McDaid asked him how trade was with him—he said very dull at present, but he hoped Mr. McDaid would assist him with city houses, and send him some of his own work, and assist him in opening a banking account, that he could transact business so much easier with the bills; and afterwards I heard him say that he was very well pleased with the arrangement made with regard to bills, so long as McDaid met the bills when they became due—previous to this, in 1876, while I was in the prisoner's employ, I heard McLaughlin say "Well, McDaid, you can use my name to the bills."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't remember the date of that conversation, it was in August or September, at the Spa factory—no one was present at the time—I swear I heard the words pass—I was employed in the shipping office—I had nothing to do with the bills; the prisoner never consulted me about bills—I told this story to Mr. Cook, the solicitor, about a week since for the first time—I was not at the Mansion House.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-86-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-86-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-86-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-87">
<interp inst="t18771210-87" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-87" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-87-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-87-18771210 t18771210-87-offence-1 t18771210-87-verdict-1"/>
<p>87.
<persName id="def1-87-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-87-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18771210" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18771210" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18771210" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE DAY</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-87-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-87-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-87-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18771210-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-61" type="surname" value="TRIMEN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-61" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-87-offence-1 t18771210-name-61"/>Edward Trimen</persName> and stealing three metal bars.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CROOME</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-62" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-62" type="surname" value="IRVINE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-62" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE IRVINE</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of Mr. Trimen, of 27, Gordon Street—on the 22nd November, shortly after 12 o'clock, I was in bed—I heard a noise at the back window—I looked out of my bedroom window and saw three men on the roof of the scullery, close to a closet window which I had seen closed about 10.30 that evening—five iron bars were fixed in that window—I called out "Thieves"—they stopped as if to hide themselves—I continued to halloa out, and the tall thin one of the three said "Do not halloa, mother; it is all right"—he then ran across the skylight beneath my window; the other
<hi rend="italic">two</hi> ran across the roof of the scullery and over some trellis-work at the back of the yard, which gave way, and two men fell into the adjoining yard—one of the two got over the wall into a spare yard, and I lost sight of him then—the shorter man tried to get over the wall and fell twice; he appeared to try to hide him
<lb/>self, but finding no place he got over into No. 1, Gower Place—I continued to call "Thieves," and as the prisoner was getting over the wall I heard other people at the back, and went down to the front door—the prisoner was then being brought to the front, with another man, by John Bradford—he was struggling to get away—he was taken into custody—I afterwards went with the policeman to the window at the back, and found three of the five bars I had seen safe had been taken away, and the window was broken open—shortly afterwards the policeman brought this bar to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> The men were about 10 feet from me when I first saw you on the right-hand side—there is a lamp on the other Bide of the back wall—there are two walls between our garden and the street—I do not recollect being asked at the police-court if I could swear to you—I do not remember saying I could not—I am confident you are the man.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100014"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-63" type="surname" value="BRADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-63" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BRADFORD</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Hawarden Castle—on 22nd November I was in my bedroom—I could see from my window the roof of the scullery in 27, Gordon Street—shortly after 12 I heard a cry of "Stop thief"—I looked out of the bedroom window, and saw three men on the roof of the scullery of No. 27—they were at the window, where there was a little light—I called out "Police," at which the three men separated—I saw the prisoner's face only—he ran along the party wall nearer to me, and I saw him jump down into a yard, and I put on my waistcoat and ran downstairs—I had just got out of the private door into the mews, and was in the act of going over the wall when the prisoner came over on to me—I held him by the leg—he got away and ran 150 yards—I ran after him and seized him again—I never lost eight of him—I said "Stop a minute"—he said "Let me go"—I said "I will not; you have been breaking into a house"—he struggled, to get away—another man came up and assisted to take him to the front door—his hands were muddy and his coat was damp with mud—I held him till constable Smith came up, and gave him into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The two other men ran the other way—you fell twice, at first on to the woodwork in a yard—you fell to the left—I said at the police-court you were 100 yards off when I saw your face—that was a mistake; it was between 40 and 50—there was a moon—I could swear to you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-64" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 126
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). I heard the cry of "Stop thief" a little after 12 on this night—I went to Gordon Street, and saw the prisoner and Bradford at the door of No. 27—Bradford was holding the prisoner, who was trying to get away—Bradford said "This man has been trying to get in at the back of this house—the prisoner's clothes were very dirty at his knees—I took him to the station and searched him, but found nothing on him—I afterwards went to the window, and found that the fastening had been broken off and three of five bars removed from the inside—I afterwards went into the adjoining yard and found three bars, which I showed to Irvine, the servant.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner here put in a written statement to the effect that, being out with two others, he left them to go to a watering-place, and was kicked down and then charged with being on the wall, but that he knew nothing about it</hi>.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-65" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-65" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-65" type="given" value="SELINA"/>SELINA HOWARD</persName> </hi>. I am a single woman, of 57, Steveden Street—on Wednesday, 21st November, I was at the Middlesex Music Hall—I left there at a quarter or 20 minutes past 11—Jim Adams was with me—we left together and the prisoner joined us as we came out—we went into a public-house—I do not know the name—we stopped till closing-time—when we came out Day left us for his own convenience—I afterwards saw a scuffle—that was about 12.30, just after we came out—we were waiting for Day—I saw two men kicking him—I don't know who they were—on Thursday George Day's sister asked me if I knew he was locked up—I said "I saw a little bother which I did not take much notice of, but went home"—she said he was at Bow Street, and I said I would go down and speak, as I saw him during the evening—I have known him many years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I often go to this music-hall, but not every evening—it was nothing unusual to see Day there—the public-house closes at 12—I cannot say to a minute or two—we were talking—I got home before</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100015"/>
<p>one—my home is not a mile off—I did not know what the prisoner was taken for.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-66" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-66" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ADAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor, and live at 2, Canal Terrace. King's Cross—I have known the prisoner about a month—I go out with Selina Howard—I went with her on the 21st November to the Middlesex Music Hall—we left about 11 o'clock, and Day joined us in the hall—he was in the balcony when we got there—we went into a public-house near Grower Street—I do not remember the name—we had some ale, and left about closing-time—we walked along—Day went to the urinal—I heard a scuffle, and saw somebody kicking him—I thought it was only a lark, and did not want to have a bother, so went home—nest morning Day's sister told Howard Day was locked up—I went to the police-court to see how he got on—I was not called—I thought I should be able to clear him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-87-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-87-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-87-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi> Pleaded Guilty
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction for felony in October</hi>, 1876**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-87-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-87-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-87-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-87-18771210 t18771210-87-punishment-11"/>Ten Tears' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-88">
<interp inst="t18771210-88" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-88" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-88-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-88-18771210 t18771210-88-offence-1 t18771210-88-verdict-1"/>
<p>88.
<persName id="def1-88-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-88-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-88-18771210" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-88-18771210" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-88-18771210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM STEVENS</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-88-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-88-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-88-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18771210-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-68" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-68" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-68" type="occupation" value="builder"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-88-offence-1 t18771210-name-68"/>Charles Moore</persName>, in company with others, and stealing a watch and chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. REED</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-69" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-69" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MOORE</persName> </hi>. I am a builder in Buttesland Street—on Saturday night, 10th Nov., at about a quarter-past 9, I was outside my house, and; was attacked by three men, who came in front of me, and two behind—one of those in front struck me in the mouth—the prisoner was one of the men—somebody snatched my watch and chain from my waistcoat-pocket—I was knocked down senseless by the blow in my mouth—I am still suffering from the effects of the blow—I was also kicked from behind—when I recovered myself the prisoner was upon me and the witness took him off—this is my watch—I did not see it found; the chain and locket is missing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> The watch was picked up by my wife—I was sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-70" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-70" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH MOORE</persName> </hi>. I am the prosecutor's wife—I heard a scuffle out
<lb/>side the house—I looked out and saw the prisoner on my husband, who was on his back, partly on the pavement and partly in the road—I went out—I saw several people on the pavement scuffling—I went to my husband and said "Charley, where is your watch and chain?"—he said "They have got it"—I saw the watch on the pavement, I snatched it up, and said "I have got the watch"—the men ran away, except the prisoner—I saw him stopped by two witnesses—I am sure he is the man. that was kneeling on my husband.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-71" type="surname" value="NEVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-71" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK "NEVILLE</persName> </hi>. I am a house-decorator—on Saturday night, 10th Nov., about a quarter or 20 minutes past 9, I and a friend were crossing Buttesland Street and saw a slight scuffle on the pavement, and the prosecutor on the ground on his back, halloaing out "Murder; help"—the prisoner was on the top of him, holding him down, and four others were pulling him about and turning his pockets inside out—the prosecu
<lb/>tor's wife came out and said "Oh, Charles, what is the matter?" he said "They have got my watch and chain"—he was trying to get up—I seized the prisoner and said "You don't go, old chap," and I detained him—the prosecutor had had a glass; he was not drunk.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100016"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-72" type="surname" value="WHEELHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-72" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD WHEELHOUSE</persName> </hi>. I was with the last witness—what he has stated is quite correct—I saw the prisoner lying on the top of Mr. Moore—I saw him take his right hand out of Mr. Moore's left-hand trousers pocket and hand something to another man—I could not say what it was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-73" type="surname" value="KEMPSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-73" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD KEMPSTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 293
<hi rend="italic">N</hi>). I took the prisoner into custody—he said nothing till he got to the station—there he said that he picked the prosecutor up and conducted him home, and then his wife came out and took the watch out of his pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-88-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-88-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-88-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction at this Court in Sept.</hi> 1874**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-88-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-88-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-88-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-88-18771210 t18771210-88-punishment-12"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-89">
<interp inst="t18771210-89" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-89" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-89-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-89-18771210 t18771210-89-offence-1 t18771210-89-verdict-1"/>
<p>89.
<persName id="def1-89-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-89-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18771210" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18771210" type="surname" value="OSBORN"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18771210" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHEN OSBORN</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-89-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-89-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-89-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously shooting at one
<persName id="t18771210-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-75" type="surname" value="ALLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-75" type="given" value="na"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-89-offence-1 t18771210-name-75"/>Allis</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-89-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-89-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-89-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-90">
<interp inst="t18771210-90" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-90" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-90-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-90-18771210 t18771210-90-offence-1 t18771210-90-verdict-1"/>
<p>90.
<persName id="def1-90-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-90-18771210" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18771210" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18771210" type="surname" value="JORDAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18771210" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA JORDAN</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-90-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-90-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-90-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Unlawfully making a false declaration as to the loss of a pawn-ticket.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-90-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-90-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-90-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, December</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1877.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18771210-name-77" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-77" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-77" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm Kerr</persName>, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-91">
<interp inst="t18771210-91" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-91" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-91-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-91-18771210 t18771210-91-offence-1 t18771210-91-verdict-1"/>
<p>91.
<persName id="def1-91-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-91-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18771210" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18771210" type="surname" value="BECKLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18771210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BECKLEY</hi> (23)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-91-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-91-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-91-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18771210-91-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-91-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-91-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18771210-name-79">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-79" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-79" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-79" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>Ellen West</persName>, his wife
<persName id="t18771210-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-80" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-80" type="surname" value="BECKLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-80" type="given" value="LOUISA MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-91-offence-1 t18771210-name-80"/>Louisa Mary Ann</persName> being alive.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-91-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-91-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-91-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-91-18771210 t18771210-91-punishment-13"/>Six Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-92">
<interp inst="t18771210-92" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-92" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-92-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-92-18771210 t18771210-92-offence-1 t18771210-92-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-92-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-92-18771210 t18771210-92-offence-1 t18771210-92-verdict-1"/>
<p>92.
<persName id="def1-92-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-92-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18771210" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18771210" type="surname" value="LACEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18771210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM LACEY</hi> (17)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-92-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-92-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-92-18771210" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-92-18771210" type="surname" value="CRAUFORD"/>
<interp inst="def2-92-18771210" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT CRAUFORD</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-92-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-92-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-92-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, Break
<lb/>ing and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18771210-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-83" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-83" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-83" type="occupation" value="grocer and post-office receiver"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-92-offence-1 t18771210-name-83"/>John Hughes</persName>, and stealing therein 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and divers postage stamps and post cards, his property, and one handkerchief, the property of
<persName id="t18771210-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-84" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-84" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-92-offence-1 t18771210-name-84"/>James Lewis</persName> </rs>,
<hi rend="italic">to which</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CRAUFORD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-92-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-92-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-92-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-92-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-92-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-92-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-92-18771210 t18771210-92-punishment-14"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>. Q. C.,
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-85" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-85" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer and a Post-office receiver, at 10, Great Marylebone Street—on Sunday evening, 18th Nov., I left home about 6.30, leaving the door properly closed and no one in the house—I returned about 8.30, and found the front door had been opened and the door lead
<lb/>ing into the shop forced open—all the tills and drawers were turned out—£25 worth of stamps and £12 worth of post cards gone, as near as I could judge, and about 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in copper—I found all the doors open upstairs, and the rooms in great confusion—I have a lodger named Lewis, his bedroom was in great confusion—here are three sorts of post-cards (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) which are similar to what I lost.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-86" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-86" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE KING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant D</hi>). On 18th Nov. I saw the prisoners, and on the next evening I saw Lacey in custody at the station—2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of postage-stamps and a pocket-handkerchief were shown to me, and I asked Lacey what account he gave of them—he said that he found them at 10 o'clock that morning in Oxford Street, about two doors past the Oxford Music Hall, wrapped in a piece of paper—his father came into the station with some one, and Lacey then said, that he saw George Cunning
<lb/>ham and
<hi rend="italic">Bob</hi> Crauford that morning, and they showed him a quantity of stamps, and that morning about 9 o'clock Crauford called for him and said that Cunningham wanted him; that they went into the City Road,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100017"/>
<p>and he waited in a public-house while Crauford went and fetched Cunning
<lb/>ham, and they gave him that parcel of stamps; and they then went together to Greek Street and directed him to go into the shop and sell the stamps.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He stated that they stood at the corner by the post-office while he went inside to change the stamps.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-87" type="surname" value="OCHLAGAR"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-87" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE OCHLAGAR</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant in the Post-office, Greek Street, Soho—on Monday morning, 19th Nov., Lacey came in and offered to sell 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of postage stamps—the Post-office receiver questioned him, and he said that he received them in payment for a concertina—he was detained till the police came.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-88" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-88" type="given" value="ELI"/>ELI NASH</persName> </hi>. I received a telegram and went to the Greek Street Post-office, where I found Lacey—I asked him his name; he declined to
<hi rend="italic">give</hi> it—I asked him how he became possessed of the stamps; he declined to say at first, but afterwards he said "I picked them up near the Oxford Music Hall"—I said "Please give me your proper name"—he said at last William Smith—I said that if he did not give his proper name I should give him in charge—he declined, and I gave him to 30 B.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The inspector asked him his nam, and he said Lacey, 36, Poland Street—I saw his father.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-89" type="surname" value="GANBY"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-89" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR GANBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">C</hi>). I was called into the Greek Street office, and asked Lacey how he came by the stamps—he said that his uncle sent them to him from Bradford in Yorkshire—I asked his uncle's name; he said Mr. Bragg—I asked him his name; he refused to give it, but afterwards gave it as Smith—he was detained—I heard the inspector ask him at the station how he got the stamps—he said that he found them in Oxford Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-90" type="surname" value="SHEPPARD"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-90" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SHEPPARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector C</hi>).—I was on Duty at Marlborough Street at 4 o'clock, when Lacey was brought in—I asked him what account he gave of the possession of the stamps—he said "I picked them up in Oxford Street this morning, wrapped in paper"—I cautioned him that I should make inquiry into the truth of his answers—he gave me his proper name and address, as I afterwards found—I asked if he had any objection to show me what was in his pockets—he said no—I found this hand
<lb/>kerchief in his coat pocket, and said "What is this?"—he said "It is mine," but afterwards, when he found that I detained it, he said "That handkerchief was with the stamps when I picked them up this morning."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-91" type="surname" value="SUMMERS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-91" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SUMMERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective D</hi>). On Tuesday morning, 20th November. I was taking Lacey to the police-court in a cab, and he said "I met George Cunningham and
<hi rend="italic">Bob</hi> Crauford on Sunday evening in Great Marl-borough Street; I went and kept watch while they broke the door open and went in. They came out and showed me a quantity of stamps"—on 24th November I took Crauford, and a man who was walking by his side threw down these post-cards and ran away—it was not Cunningham—I have made inquiries about Cunningham without success.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am sure Lacey said that he "kept watch," and he added "on the other side of the street"—I believe he said "I watched outside"—Constable 30 C was in the cab also, and heard the conversation—Lacey did not say "I know nothing of the breaking into the house, but I admit that I did have the stamps from Cunningham."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-92" type="surname" value="GANBY"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-92" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR GANBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>) I was in the cab—Lacey was asked where he got the stamps, or where he met Cunningham—he said that he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100018"/>
<p>met Cunningham and Crauford—Summers asked him "Where?"—he said "In Marlborough Street, and that he was watching outside the house while Cunningham and Crauford went in, and when they came out they showed him a quantity of stamps"—I believe he said "watching."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He made that statement of his own accord, but he had been asked where he met him—I did not say a word about this conversa
<lb/>tion in the cab before the Magistrate—I was in Court and heard my superior officer examined—the words were not "waiting outside," I am certain of that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-93" type="surname" value="HOWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-93" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE HOWTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 28, Saville Row, Marylebone—I have known Lacey some time—on Sunday, 18th November, I saw him at Poland Street, where he lives—he went out about 6.30, and said that he should be back in a quarter of an hour—he did not return, but I saw him about 7.15 at the Ship public-house, at the corner of Saville Street, which is a few doors from Crauford's house, on the other side of the way, with Crauford and Cuningham—they each carried an umbrella—Crauford generally carries an umbrella—Saville Street is at the corner of Marl-borough Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Lacey's age is getting on for 19.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-94" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-94" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I lodge in Mr. Hughes's house—on 18th November I went out about 6 o'clock and came back at 10, and missed this handker
<lb/>chief; it bears my name in full—I also missed two umbrellas.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LACEY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-92-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-92-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-92-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1877.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Manisty.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-93">
<interp inst="t18771210-93" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-93" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-93-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-93-18771210 t18771210-93-offence-1 t18771210-93-verdict-1"/>
<p>93.
<persName id="def1-93-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-93-18771210" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18771210" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18771210" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18771210" type="given" value="MINNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MINNIE EDWARDS</hi> (17)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-93-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-93-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-93-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18771210-93-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-93-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-93-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/> to Feloniously setting fire to a certain prison with intent to injure.—</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-93-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-93-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-93-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-93-18771210 t18771210-93-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprison
<lb/>ment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-94">
<interp inst="t18771210-94" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-94" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-94-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-94-18771210 t18771210-94-offence-1 t18771210-94-verdict-1"/>
<p>94.
<persName id="def1-94-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-94-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18771210" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18771210" type="surname" value="CHACHAZARION"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18771210" type="given" value="MELKYN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MELKYN CHACHAZARION</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-94-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-94-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-94-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to Unlawfully conspiring with a person unknown to forge certain foreign postage stamps.—</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-94-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-94-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-94-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-94-18771210 t18771210-94-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-95">
<interp inst="t18771210-95" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-95" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-95-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-95-18771210 t18771210-95-offence-1 t18771210-95-verdict-1"/>
<p>95.
<persName id="def1-95-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-95-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18771210" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18771210" type="surname" value="MILLWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18771210" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH MILLWARD</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-95-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-95-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-95-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18771210-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-98" type="surname" value="WALES"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-98" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-98" type="occupation" value="marine modeller"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-95-offence-1 t18771210-name-98"/>Robert Wales</persName>, with intent to murder.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>—To do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MILWOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-99" type="surname" value="WALES"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-99" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WALES</persName> </hi>. I am a marine modeller, of 7, Crown Court, Went-worth Street, Whitechapel—I lived with the prisoner's wife after he deserted her—on Thursday night, 22nd November, about eight o'clock, the prisoner came rushing up the stairs and burst my door open—he had a knife open in his hand, and said he intended to commit murder—he stabbed me in the cheek—I struggled with him and tried to defend myself with a piece of iron which was lying in the fender—I made a blow at him—it must have struck him on the head—it was in the dark, for he kicked over the table with the candle on it—I then received a stab in the shoulder, and again in the muscles of the arm—I closed with him and threw him across the bed, holding him down—he then stabbed me again in the thigh—I took the knife from him, and in doing so was cut on the knuckles and wrist—I found myself getting weak from loss of blood, and I let him go—his wife ran for a policeman, and when she came back he armed himself with a pair of scissors which was lying on the table and made a thrust at her, but did not hit her—he then ran</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100019"/>
<p>downstairs—I went to the hospital and had my wounds dressed—the prisoner was taken, and I gave him in charge—on the way to the station he said "I ain't settled you, but I mean to settle you; and I am only very sorry I did not serve her the same"—I did not encourage his wife to leave him—I had been living with her about three months—before that I was paying her rent and my own too—I gave the knife to the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-100" type="surname" value="LUXFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-100" type="given" value="GEO"/>GEO. LUXFORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 63). On the evening of 22nd November I took the prisoner into custody in George Yard, Whitechapel—he was covered with blood—I took him to the pro
<lb/>secutor, who charged him—the prisoner made no statement at the time—he afterwards said he only wished he had served the woman the same as he had the man—this knife was given to me at the station by the prosecutor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-101" type="surname" value="CROUCH"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-101" type="given" value="EDWARD THOMAS"/>EDWARD THOMAS CROUCH</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon of 2, Spital-Square—on the evening of 22nd November I was called to Commercial Street to the pro
<lb/>secutor, who was suffering from eight wounds about the body—the prin
<lb/>cipal wound was a large wound on the right cheek extending from the outer angle of the right eye to the angle of the mouth; it was about 3 1/2 inches in length, severing all the muscles, tissues, and vessels on that side of the face—the other wounds were
<hi rend="italic">over</hi> the bridge of the nose, a small incised wound about an inch long on the right shoulder, a punctured wound on the left upper arm, two wounds on the outside of the left wrist, one outside the left thigh, and one incised wound across the middle finger of
<hi rend="italic">the</hi> left hand—such an instrument as this would inflict such wounds.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I saw a wound, on your forehead and dressed it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner in his defence alleged that the prosecutor had induced his wife to leave him; that he went to demand her, and was assaulted by the prosecutor, and what he did was in self-defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18771210-95-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-95-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-95-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding. Recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of the provocation he received.—</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-95-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-95-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-95-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-95-18771210 t18771210-95-punishment-17"/>Six Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-96">
<interp inst="t18771210-96" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-96" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-96-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18771210 t18771210-96-offence-1 t18771210-96-verdict-1"/>
<p>96.
<persName id="def1-96-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-96-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18771210" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18771210" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18771210" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18771210" type="occupation" value="first mate on ship"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDMUND MOORE</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-96-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-96-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-96-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding one
<persName id="t18771210-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-103" type="surname" value="ALLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-103" type="given" value="na"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-96-offence-1 t18771210-name-103"/>Allis</persName> on the
<placeName id="t18771210-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-96-offence-1 t18771210-geo-1"/>high seas</placeName> with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. W. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-104" type="surname" value="BOYD"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-104" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BOYD</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman now lodging at the Sailors' Home—I am a native of Providence, Rhode Island, and am 29 years of age—on 1st September last I joined the Mary E. Chapman, a British vessel sailing under the English flag—I joined her at Breeze Point in the Delaware river—on Monday morning, 3rd September, about 11, I was doing work on the forecastle splicing blocks—all the crew, except the watchman, were at work—tar was being used—one of the crew was a Chilian, known as Allis—the prisoner was the first mate—he said "The first son of a bitch that spills tar on the deck I will make him lick it up with his tongue"—Allis replied he would be d—d if he would lick it up for no man—the prisoner then took a handspike and struck the man twice on the head with both hands—he staggered to the rail, and I saw blood running down his face—the handspike is a piece of wood about 6 feet in length—it is used to heave the capstan—it was lying on the top-gallant forecastle, about 2 feet from the prisoner—Allis then went up the rigging to the top-gallant yard, and I saw him signalling to a man-of-war or a training-ship which was lying a little way off—the prisoner told him to come down, that he would not hurt him—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100020"/>
<p>Allis said he would not—the prisoner then ordered Osborn, the second mate, to go aloft to get him down—Osborn went aloft and asked to come down—he refused to do so—the prisoner again tried to get him down by speaking to him, and he then went aloft to the fore-top-gallant-yard—the man would not come down—the prisoner then came down and ordered the fre-top-gallant-yard to be lifted to the masthead—that was the place where Allis was—and Allis said to the prisoner and to all the men on deck "If I fall from this yard you will be responsible for it"—we did pull the halyards and he would not come down—Osborn told the prisoner that he was in danger of killing the man by lifting the yards aloft—Allis still remained up there—about an hour afterwards the prisoner went on shore—Allis was up the rigging altogether about two hours—when he came down I looked at his head—there seemed to be two wounds—one seemed to be soft, and there was a clot of blood—I touched it with my finger—I thought his skull was fractured—the skin and flesh was cut; one wound was on the top of the head, and the other near the temple—one was worse than the other—the flesh of both was cut—I thought the skull was fractured from the way the man seemed to act when he came down—he did not seem to be the same man he was before—he seemed to be a sort of delirious, as if his mind was not right—he went into the forecastle and from there to the galley to get his dinner—I did not see him jump overboard; I saw him in the water—at that time the prisoner was on shore, it was after he had had his dinner; I saw him have his dinner and afterwards saw him in the water, swimming for the shore—another sailor named King was also in the water swimming away—I heard Osborn ask Allis to come back—I heard Allis sing out "I am drowning," and he was drowned—the prisoner came on board next morning—we afterwards sailed to Antwerp—the Consul there was communicated with—the prisoner left the ship.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I joined the ship at Philadelphia—the crew consisted of eight men before the mast; there were three officers, the captain, chief mate, and second mate—the crew were mostly foreigners—all wore knives, some with lanyards and some with sheaths—the work began at 6 o'clock in the morning—I heard the mate give orders to the crew to be careful not to spill the tar—some tar was spilt by Allis—I think the prisoner called his attention to it—Allis was very insolent—the mate did not say "You would be more careful if you had to lick it up;" I did not hear him say that—I had a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. advance-note before joining the vessel—I have been at sea 11 years—Allis spoke in English at the time he swore at the mate; he had got his knife on him—I did not see him turn round and face the mate with the knife in his hand; I swear he did not—his manner was threatening and defiant, as well as insolent—I heard the mate say that he had had another crew, a mixed crew, on board before I joined—I did not hear him say that he had had a great deal of trouble with that crew—the work that was being done at this time was being done with the capstan-bars, one of which the mate took in his hand; he did not take it up till Allis had sworn at him—he ought to have obeyed the order to come down from the rigging—when the prisoner went up the rigging to him Allis had the knife in his hand in a threatening manner—three men set off to swim ashore, King, Langford, and Allis, while the prisoner was on shore—it was about half an hour after the prisoner left the ship that Allis came down—he went to the cook—I don't know whether the cook</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100021"/>
<p>had charge of the rum—the prisoner told me he was going on shore to see the captain; he did not Bay it was to report the mutinous state of the crew—he spoke to me with regard to where this man lived when he was in Philadelphia—he said he must go and speak to the captain about what had taken place—when Allis came down on deck I told him that the mate had gone on shore to tell the captain of his conduct—when, he was swimming ashore Osborn called to him to come back, and he fired a pistol to frighten him, not to hurt him—the foreigners had been rather trouble
<lb/>some and obstreperous since the day they joined—I did not see that Allis had been behaving badly before this; he associated with me mostly—the tide was running very fast, about five miles an hour, when he was swimming—the Delaware is about a mile and a-half across—it would not be an easy thing for a man in ordinary health to swim ashore with the tide running at that rate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Just before the prisoner went on shore he asked me where Allis lived or boarded when he was on shore, and said he was going to see the captain—I did not hear him say anything to the crew; he called me aft and spoke to me privately—Allis had his knife out of the sheath at the time he was struck, and was working at the stays—I did not see him do anything more than use the expression he would be d——d if he would lick up the tar; he said that about a minute and a half or two minutes before he was struck.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-105" type="surname" value="BANNINA"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-105" type="given" value="ANTONIO"/>ANTONIO BANNINA</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">interpreted</hi>). I am an Austrian subject—I joined the Mary E. Chapman at Philadelphia in August—on Monday, 3rd Sep
<lb/>tember, Allis was working with the rest of the crew—the prisoner said "If any of you spill any tar on the deck I will make you lick it up with your tongue"—Allis said "rather than lick it up with my tongue, I would wipe it up with something else"—the prisoner then struck him with the capstan-bar on the head twice; the third blow he missed—Allis. then ran up the foretop-gallant-yard—before that I saw that he had a deep wound on the top of his head—I saw blood—I did not see whether he had any knife in his hand when he was struck—I saw him when he came down; I did not observe his head then.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had joined 42 days—I will swear that Allis had not got his knife in his hand when he was struck—he was not working with it at the time—I saw him threaten the mate with his knife in the rigging—he ran up the rigging immediately he was struck.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-106" type="surname" value="SLOCOMBES"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-106" type="given" value="JOHN ISRAEL"/>JOHN ISRAEL SLOCOMBES</persName> </hi>. I am a native of Fort George, Nova Scotia—I was a seaman on board the Mary E. Chapman—I joined on 6th June at Hamburg—on this 3rd September I heard some noise and saw Allis jump off the forecastle-head and the prisoner after him, with the capstan
<lb/>bar in his hand—I did not see him do anything with it—I did not see whether Allis had been injured at that time—I saw him go up the rigging—afterwards, when he came down, I saw that his head was injured—I did not hear any conversation before he jumped off the forecastle-head with the capstan-bar—I was not at work with them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> A different crew joined at Hamburg from that which went from Liverpool to New York—the crew that went from Hamburg to Philadelphia was a crew of mixed nationalities—they all deserted at Philadelphia except myself, and they were obliged to take another mixed crew there, in distress—I don't know whether Allis had been on shore between the time he joined the ship and the time the crew had deserted—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100022"/>
<p>I did not see the injury done with, the capstan-bar—I did not see Allis speaking and acting in an insolent manner to the mate; I was in my bed—the yard is not very often hoisted when men are on it—they are generally called off; if they can't get off they are cautioned to hold on; they don't come down on deck—I believe Allis had his arms round the yard, I did not take particular notice—I saw him signalling to the man-of-war—there was one Greek on board, I believe, and some Italians.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-107" type="surname" value="GIANOCHINA"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-107" type="given" value="GIOVANI"/>GIOVANI GIANOCHINA</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">interpreted</hi>). I am an Italian subject—I joined this vessel at Philadelphia on 29th August—on Monday, 3rd September, I saw the prisoner strike Allis on the head with the capstan-bar twice; the third time he failed—it made blood flow from his head—he ran up the rigging—I had not heard any conversation before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Allis had not a knife in his hand at the time he was struck—he was not insolent at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-108" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-108" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY LEE</persName> </hi>. I am a native of Belfast—I was cook on board this vessel 42 days altogether—I did not see the injury inflicted on Allis—he came to the galley afterwards for his dinner; that was between 2 and 3 o'clock—I examined his head carefully and saw it was injured right above the temple; the flesh was cut through—I put my finger into the wound; it was full of congealed blood; the flesh was very soft—the other wound was not so bad, but the flesh was cut through—I examined the skull, I put my finger down in the hole where it was cut, and I found congealed blood all through—I could not tell the state of the skull—the man was rather excited, ho hardly knew aright what he was going—he took his dinner—I afterwards saw him go overboard: he had his boots round his neck.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He asked me for his dinner and a knife—I could not say what he did with it; he took it away to eat—he refused to let me dress the wounds.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-109" type="surname" value="ROBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-109" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROBSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Thames Police Inspector</hi>). On 10th November the prisoner was handed over to my custody from the ship Orion, which had come from Antwerp—I told him I should take him into custody on a war
<lb/>rant for attempted murder on the high seas—he said it was a get-up, or some words to that effect—Osborn was handed over to me on the 22nd October—I produce a certified copy of the registration of the ship as a British, ship belonging to St. John's, New Brunswick, and the articles.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner said it was either a trumped-up affair or a get up)—he did not tell me that he had had a great deal of trouble with the crew—he spoke as though it was a get-up amongst the lot.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18771210-96-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-96-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-96-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of Unlawfully Wounding. Recommended to mercy by the Jury.—</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-96-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-96-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-96-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18771210 t18771210-96-punishment-18"/>Six Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-97">
<interp inst="t18771210-97" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-97" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-97-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-97-18771210 t18771210-97-offence-1 t18771210-97-verdict-1"/>
<p>97.
<persName id="def1-97-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-97-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18771210" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18771210" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18771210" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHEN OSBORNE</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-97-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-97-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-97-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously shooting at one
<persName id="t18771210-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-111" type="surname" value="ALLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-111" type="given" value="na"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-97-offence-1 t18771210-name-111"/>Allis</persName> with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-97-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-97-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-97-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th, and</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, December</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1877.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-98">
<interp inst="t18771210-98" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-98" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-98-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-98-18771210 t18771210-98-offence-1 t18771210-98-verdict-1"/>
<p>98.
<persName id="def1-98-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-98-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18771210" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18771210" type="surname" value="LYON"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18771210" type="given" value="BRUCE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRUCE LYON</hi> (21)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-98-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-98-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-98-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18771210-98-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-98-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-98-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>to Feloniously forging and uttering an undertaking for the payment of money, with intent to defraud;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to three other indictments for embezzling 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and other sums, of
<persName id="t18771210-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-113" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-98-offence-1 t18771210-name-113"/> Jones and Co., Limited</persName>, his masters. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to Mercy</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-98-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-98-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-98-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-98-18771210 t18771210-98-punishment-19"/>Four Months' Imprisonment. And</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-99">
<interp inst="t18771210-99" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-99" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-99-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-99-18771210 t18771210-99-offence-1 t18771210-99-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100023"/>
<p>99.
<persName id="def1-99-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-99-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18771210" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18771210" type="surname" value="ROLLINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18771210" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ROLLINGS</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-99-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-99-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-99-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-99-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-99-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-99-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> to Stealing a box and 261b. of tea of the
<persName id="t18771210-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-115" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-99-offence-1 t18771210-name-115"/>Great Northern Railway Company</persName>, his masters—</rs>
<rs id="t18771210-99-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-99-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-99-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-99-18771210 t18771210-99-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-100">
<interp inst="t18771210-100" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-100" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-100-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18771210 t18771210-100-offence-1 t18771210-100-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-100-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-100-18771210 t18771210-100-offence-1 t18771210-100-verdict-1"/>
<p>100.
<persName id="def1-100-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-100-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18771210" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18771210" type="surname" value="SANDMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18771210" type="given" value="SIMON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIMON SANDMAN</hi> (53)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-100-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-100-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-100-18771210" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-100-18771210" type="surname" value="STERN"/>
<interp inst="def2-100-18771210" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL STERN</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-100-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-100-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-100-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining microscopes of
<persName id="t18771210-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-118" type="surname" value="ANDERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-118" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-118" type="occupation" value="wholesale optician"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-100-offence-1 t18771210-name-118"/>John Anderton</persName> by false pretences, and other counts.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STERN</hi>
<rs id="t18771210-100-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-100-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-100-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to the first count only.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. J. P. GRAIN, TICKELL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GOODMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution;</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Sandman.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-119" type="surname" value="WILKIE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-119" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY WILKIE</persName> </hi>. I live at 26, Finsbury Place North—I let a furnished room to Stern—the rent was 38
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—he signed this agreement (
<hi rend="italic">produced, dated 2nd July</hi>, 1877) in Mr. Levy's presence, who took no part in it—Stern came there every day, and Sandman, was frequently in and out—I lost sight of them about a week after 29th September, when I received a letter from my servant, Bridget Cronin; and on the same day Sandman called and took away the key of the office, which I gave him in consequence of the letter, and he took away almost everything belonging to Stern and himself—no rent was due then, as it was only a little over the quarter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>. Sandman did not stay in much; he was there in the afternoons—he took the office things downstairs quietly—I did not speak to him—I saw him going down and giving out some packages—there was no cart at the door—I saw him twice that day and heard him very often.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. A great many things came in and out: lace, combs, surgical instruments, matting, hats and caps, jewellery, and plated things—they were delivered there by hand, and principally by porters and messengers—they disappeared very soon afterwards; persons called and took them away—that continued from the time of the room being taken till it was given up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-120" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-120" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ANDERSON</persName> </hi>. I am a wholesale optician, trading as Field and Co., at 99, Suffolk Street, Birmingham—on 12th July I received this letter, which I answered, and received this other letter, dated 17th July. (
<hi rend="italic">This was signed I). Stern and Co., ordering a number of instruments and enclosing a reference</hi>)—I put that order in hand, and afterwards received this letter: "July 22nd. Please inform us by return when our order will be executed, as we are waiting for the goods. D. Stern and Co. "They were not quite ready, and before I sent them I received this letter of 28th July: "If our order is not ready for shipment at latest on 1st August, please cancel the same, as we cannot wait any longer." I dispatched the goods on 31st July, with this invoice (
<hi rend="italic">for Ml.</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.)—on August 3rd I received a letter from Stern acknowledging the receipt of the goods, and asking if I had another microscope on hand; I replied to that, and received a letter ordering a polariscope—Stern afterwards called on me, and said that he had received the sample order, that he had received the instruments, and had had two American buyers with him, and he thought he could do a good business with them—I showed him some samples, and he chose them and said that he wanted them for shipment—I wrote this order (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) in his presence, and the goods were dispatched on 9th August to 26, Finsbury Place North—they came to 27
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and all the other goods were sent to that address by rail—the microscopes were sent on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100024"/>
<p>11th August, and on 17th August I received this letter from Stern: "Your microscopes duly to hand; you forgot to invoice the opera-glass our representative took with him."—I also received other letters, one of which was dated 19th December: "Can you deliver ready for shipment 6 microscopes, No. 3 with brass stands; if so, put some in hand, and send statement for goods received." I put them in hand, but before sending them wrote to the reference which he had given, and received this reply: "Memorandum from Jado and Levy, 4, Catherine Court, Tower Hill. D. Stern and Co. are respectable and trustworthy in their payments." I dispatched the goods on 28th September, value 52
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; and about 1st October sent in a statement of account, and afterwards received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">This acknowledged the account and requested hills to be sent for acceptance at two months' date</hi>.) I then forwarded two bills and received them back accepted, payable at the Continental Bank—the first bill fell due on November 6; it was presented through our bankers, and returned to us marked "No account"—the other bill is not due yet—after I received those acceptances I received this further order (
<hi rend="italic">For three microscopes</hi>)—I did not send them, and Stern called on the 12th, and asked if the package had been made up for Birmingham—I said that I should like to have the money before giving a further order—he said "Mr. Stern will very likely let you have cash if you write, and I will write too"—I wrote and got this reply (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is in the same hand as the other letters—it says "We decline to send cheque instead of acceptance, and beg to say you will please cancel our order"—I did cancel it, and saw no more of Stern till I saw him in custody—I have been taken to a number of pawnbrokers, and identified a number of the instruments I sent.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-121" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-121" type="surname" value="GRONIN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-121" type="given" value="BRIDGET"/>BRIDGET GRONIN</persName> </hi>. I am servant to Mrs. Wilkie, of 26, Finsbury Place.—Stern came there every day, and Sandman only a few days—I received this letter and handed it to my mistress—I only know the envelope. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "I am called suddenly out of town; please deliver to bearer the key of my office, who will attend to business in my absence—I shall be back the middle of next week.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw Sandman four times, I should not like to say oftener—I saw him there a few days before the letter came—he came about 9.30 a.m., and I have seen him come at 11 a.m.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, December</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-122" type="surname" value="COTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-122" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED COTTON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Russell, pawnbroker, of 37 and 38, Fore Street—I produce two pawn-tickets relating to microscopes, neither of the prisoners pawned them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-123" type="surname" value="HAMBLETON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-123" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HAMBLETON</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant to Mr. Barker, pawnbroker, of 91, Hounsditch—I produce a memorandum relating to the pawning of one microscope by the prisoner Sandman on 9th October.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I was not examined at the Mansion House, and am giving evidence for the first time—I had seen Sandman before at our house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Stern.</hi> I believe Sandman said the microscope belonged to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-124" type="surname" value="EYLES"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-124" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS EYLES</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Smith and Dymond, pawnbrokers, of 80, Newgate Street—I produce two pawn-tickets relating to micro
<lb/>scopes. (
<hi rend="italic">These were for</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">each, one in the name of E. Smith, and the other in the name of Sandman</hi>, 29,
<hi rend="italic">New Bond Street, Leicester</hi>.) I do not recognise cither of the prisoners.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100025"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-125" type="surname" value="BASTABLE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-125" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BASTABLE</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Lawley, pawnbroker, of Farringdon Street—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is one of our duplicate contract notes relating to two microscopes for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and pawned in the name of Levy, 4, Catherine Court, Tower Hill—this card was brought by the person pawn
<lb/>ing the microscopes—I do not recognise either of the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-126" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-126" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JOHNSON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Robert Attenborough, of 121, Minories—I produce a pawn-ticket relating to microscopes pawned for 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th August</hi>, 1877,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of Phillips</hi>, 44,
<hi rend="italic">Fore Street</hi>.) I do not recognise either of the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-127" type="surname" value="ENGLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-127" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALIPED ENGLAND</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Gill, pawnbroker, of Hamp
<lb/>stead Road—I produce some pawn-tickets relating to microscopes pledged if on 11th September by Stern in the name of A. Phillips, of 44, Fore Street, for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he gave this card at the time, "A. Phillips and Co., 44, Fore Street, London, E. C. "This other ticket is for a microscope pledged on 11th October for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in the name of Sandman, 29, New Bond Street, Leicester—I recognise the prisoner Sandman as pledging this.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Stern.</hi> I am certain you pledged the microscope for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I have your signature to the memorandum, if that will be any guide.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He wrote it in my presence—I have looked at him, well, and do not think I have made a mistake.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. Stern pledged five small microscopes—it was one pawn
<lb/>ing of microscopes for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Stern.</hi> That is not my writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-128" type="surname" value="COLLIER"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-128" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD COLLIER</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Christopher George Lawrence, pawn
<lb/>broker, of Beech Street—I produce a ticket relating to a microscope pawned on 17th August, 1877, for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., in the name of F. Judd—neither of the prisoners pledged it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-129" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-129" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SMITH</persName> </hi>. I live at 24, Woodland Road, New Southgate, and am a clerk to Carter and Son, ivory merchants, of Fleur de Lis Street, Norton Folgate—a man named Oberdorfer called in September with an order for ivory combs for the firm of Jado, Levy, and Co.—he gave a reference in writing to Messrs. Mezler and Co., of 4, Bow Lane, Cheapside—I have not got the order—I called there and saw a young man who said that the firm was respectable—the combs were supplied on the 21st September to the value of 13
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and were delivered at 4, Catherine Court, Tower Hill, the terms being payment in a month—on 25th September I received this order dated 24th September, it was addressed to the firm, and is for combs to the value of 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—we delivered the goods to Messrs. Jado and Levy, at 4, Catherine Court—on 2nd October two persons called, one of whom was Oberdorfer, and I showed them samples of ivory combs similar to what they had bought previously—they said they had come from, and in fact I knew that they came from Jado and Levy—they said they wanted the combs to ship to South America, that they had an order for 248 dozen, but they could not decide as the terms wore not liberal enough—they went away undecided, and next morning we received this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">This was signed Jado and Levy, ordering</hi> 248
<hi rend="italic">dozen combs marked with the "Elephant" stamp, and urged a little extra allowance, as their profit was very small, to be delivered not later than the following Thursday</hi>.) The "Elephant" stamp is a distinctive die of the figure of an elephant, which we use for the South American trade—this is the receipt for them signed "Jado and Levy"—their value is 87
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100026"/>
<p>—the goods were all supplied—before we completed this last lot we wrote a tatter at 12 or 1 o'clock in the day intimating to Jado and Levy that we should require cash payment on delivery of the goods—on the following Monday, 10th October, I think, I called on them for payment, and found they were not there; a boy in the office said that Mr. Levy was not in, and had not been in—I said "Is there any chance of his being in?"—he said he did not know anything about it—I went there twice afterwards with the same result, and I never saw them again until I went to the police-court—I have never been paid for the goods—I did not see our goods at their office—Levy came down
<hi rend="italic">the same</hi> day of writing the letter, and asked for immediate delivery of the goods—he said "I will pay you a cheque for the whole account on Wednesday, the 10th, we want the goods directly down for shipment, as we want to send them off at once"—I have seen the combs Sergeant Lythel has produced, and identify them as some of ours—we, of course, believed they were intended for the South American market, and that the prisoners were carrying on a genuine business.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I had no opportunity of seeing Jado and Levy write—no document was signed by the person representing them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Stern.</hi> I did not receive your name as a refer
<lb/>ence—I called to see Mezler and the answer was "We have had several transactions, and we find them quite satisfactory."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-130" type="surname" value="SCHWEIZER"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-130" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SCHWEIZER</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Cornet, manufacturer of shirt-fronts and collars—on or about 3rd or 4th September we received this printed memorandum: "Jado and Levy to Cornet and Co. Please call on us with samples of collars and oblige, yours truly, Jado and Levy." I called at 4, Catherine Court, with samples of collars and cuffs, and saw Mr. Levy—I showed him collars at 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. per dozen—he de
<lb/>murred at the price, and offered 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I said they were very cheap, and I could not sell them under—he said he had a buyer from Germany, and if I left the samples he would speak to his buyer and see what he could do—I left the samples, and shortly afterwards wo received this written order for thirty dozen collars, dated 10th September, on the same headed paper—the collars were all assorted sizes, and we had to make them—it took two or three weeks to do so, and in the interim he came to our office and inquired if we could do a lot of job fronts—I said that we had a lot in stock, but they were not "job," because they were saleable, but if he liked to introduce trade in Germany we would give him the usual terms, and if he liked to pay cash he would have 5 per cent., or 2 1/2 per cent, or one month's credit—I went there afterwards with the samples and saw Mr. Levy and Mr. Oberdorfer—he showed the samples to Oberdorfer and gave him a memorandum of the prices, and he added a slight addition in German—I understand German—when I was going out he followed me and said "Will you come and have a glass of ale?"—I said "Yes," and he said "That gentleman there (Oberdorfer) is my buyer from Germany; it is a good tiling to have a house here, for I get a little thing out of it, but you must not tell him about the fronts I buy, that is my affair; you give me a price and I shall get an order"—I then left him—shortly after
<lb/>wards he called at our office and saw Mr. Cornet and produced this order for 185 dozen insertion fronts in assorted sizes—the goods were delivered—there are three references on the back of the order, viz., Mezler, E. Stern and Co., and Edwards, of 26, Finsbury Place—I went to the references</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100027"/>
<p>before I sent the goods—they were to be paid for by cash, but when I called for a cheque Mr. Levy said he wanted two days, and so I ordered the goods back again—he said they must be there by 4 o'clock that after
<lb/>noon for shipment, and that he gave me references, and I ought to have inquired—I said the references had nothing to do with that, as it was a cash transaction, but on a future occasion I might make use of them—he said "I shall pay for those goods after they have been checked by my packer; I must have two days until my packer returns the invoice"—I went back to my principal and he advised me to call on the references—I first went to Edwards, and the report I had there was that they knew Mr. Levy to be agent for three several first-class German houses; that he was certainly a respectable man, but they had had no business transactions with him—I asked Mr. Edwards whether he would trust him for 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and he said "For such a sum as that I should not hesitate at all; I believe
<hi rend="italic">Levy</hi> to be thoroughly respectable"—I then went to Messrs. Stern and Co., 26, Finsbury Place, and found the door closed, with a placard on it, "Return shortly"—from there I went to Mezler and Co., 4, Bow Lane, and inquired for the principal, who, I was informed, was out, and would return at 2 o'clock—I then returned to our office and saw Mr. Cornet, who, on the recommendation of Messrs. Edwards, gave me instructions to deliver the goods at Catherine Court—I went with them, accompanied by a porter—I saw Levy and Oberdorfer, who counted the packages and made 104, and Levy counted them and finally made 94—Levy signed this receipt for them—I did not go to Stern again before I delivered them—I went to Stern's the next morning about 11 o'clock and saw him—I recognise the prisoner Stern as the same person—he then wore a bushy beard; I have no doubt as to him—I presented him with a note written the day pre
<lb/>viously by Mr. Cornet, and he said "I have had money transactions for about 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. with Messrs. Jado and Levy, and I think them perfectly safe"—I asked him whether I could safely trust them for 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said "I should not mind trusting them myself for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—I thanked him and left—on the Wednesday Mr. Levy came to our office and said that his customer had objected to two numbers of insertion fronts, because he thought them too dear—the value would be about 17
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and he asked us if we would take them back—he said he was too much of a business man to force us to do so, but if we would take them back it would be of great service to him, otherwise he must bear the loss—he asked us if we could find a market in France, and we said it was quite possible—he said "There is a bill coming due for 240/., but I find three days' grace is given in England, which will make it Saturday; I should like you to delay your pay-day till Saturday next, when a cheque will be ready for the whole amount"—after some delay we consented—I called on Saturday at 12—Mr. Levy was out and I waited till he returned—I saw him and he said he had been to the bank to inquire whether the bill was met, and he thought it would be illegal to give a cheque not knowing whether the cheque was honoured, so he told me to call on Monday at 10, when a cheque would be given without asking for it—I did so and found a placard on the door, "Will return after 11"—I called again at 11 o'clock, and saw a man there waiting for Mr. Levy—he asked me if I had come for some money, because Mr. Levy had left instructions with him to say he had gone to the West End to collect some money, and he would be back at 4—I went at 4 and waited till 5, but Mr. Levy did not return—I called on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100028"/>
<p>Tuesday morning at 10 o'clock and shortly afterwards Mr. Levy arrived—I said "I have called for the cheque I was to have without asking for it—he said "Those goods you sent me were not worth half the price and shan't pay for them; I shall see Mr. Cornet this morning at 12 and he must take them back"—I said it was useless to call at our place, for we should not hear of any such proposition, and I didn't like his shuffling ways, and should place the matter in other hands—that occurred in his own office the last time he was there—all the goods had been remove from there with the exception of one dozen collars—Mr. Levy did not calm at our office at 12, and we have not seen him since—I went there on "Wednesday and saw bills presented and many people inquiring for Mr. Levy—the office was not closed until about Friday, when I called at about 11—we have not been paid a penny for our goods—we believed they were
<hi rend="italic">bond fide</hi> merchants, and that the goods were intended for the German, market—on a Sunday night in October, in consequence of a telegram from Sergeant Lythel, I went to Leicester, and at the police station I was shown 45 dozen of our shirt-fronts—identify these (
<hi rend="italic">pro
<lb/>duced</hi>) as a portion of those we supplied on 1st October.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I saw Messrs. Jado and Levy write on several occasions—I recognise this as Mr. Levy's writing: "Jado and Levy"—that is not our invoice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined, by Stern.</hi> I knew the contents of the letter I brought to you—it was to ask whether Messrs. Jado and Levy were respectabls—and could be trusted to a reasonable amount—the three letters went similarly written—they gave me verbal answers—when I go to principals—they very often will not give written answers—some principals' word is sufficient—I made inquiry at Edwards and Co.'s first—I stated that I delivered the goods on their reference—we believed what they stated, or we should not have supplied the goods—they said they believed them to he worth 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we also believed the business to be genuine, from what passed between Jado and Levy and myself at their office—we did not con
<lb/>sider it strange that they should supply the German market with goods, where they are cheaper than anywhere else; he wanted a job lot, and if they suited him we were open to sell—I told Mr. Levy at the time it was not a job lot, but he could have them at a great reduction—we delivered one parcel value 57
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but never any goods before, only the samples, which were worth 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-131" type="surname" value="CARNALL"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CARNALL</persName> </hi>. I am a hardware and general dealer of Stony Vale Road, Leicester—on 23rd October Sandman came there and offered me some samples of ivory combs—he said that he had about 20 gross, which he offered at
<hi rend="italic">os.</hi> a dozen—he said his name was Sandman, and that he lad a shop in Bond Street, Leicester, where he had been about three years, and that he was in the habit of buying bankrupts' stocks, and dealt with Lee of Leeds, Knight of Manchester, and David Hyam and Co. of Houndsditch—they are highly respectable houses in Manchester and Leeds—I inspected the combs, and offered to take half a gross of each size—he declined to sell less than a gross, and I took a gross of each size at 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. A dozen all round, for which I paid him 27
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—there were nine distinct varieties—I believe they all had the elephant mark, but I did not look at all—he gave me a receipt for the money—I afterwards saw Sandman at the Leicester police-station—I asked him where he got the combs—he said he bought them of a party named Levy, of Houndsditch, I under
<lb/>stood</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100029"/>
<p>him to say, but I am not quite certain. (
<hi rend="italic">Receipt read:</hi> "Bought of H. S. Sandman, nine gross of combs, at 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a dozen, 27
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Received, H. S. Sandman.") The value of the combs is about 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a dozen, possibly, but he stated that he bought them of a bankrupts stock, which accounted for the lowness of the price.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I think I can swear to what I have said—I Sandman told me his name, how long he had carried on business, and how long he had been in Leicester, which I believe was all true. From his mentioning names which I knew, I thought he was a fair, honest tradesman. He brought the receipt just as I received it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. He agreed to buy, and then brought the receipt as it is—there was nothing to invite suspicion—I have never been on the pre
<lb/>mises, 29, New Bond Street—I did not see this placard on the premises; I received it by post.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-132" type="surname" value="HALLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-132" type="given" value="SHACKLETON"/>SHACKLETON HALLETT</persName> </hi>. I am a barrister—I got an assignment* from the licensees of the publishers of some steel plates of Sir Edwin Land-seer's of the right to use the plates for the purpose of lithographing a transfer as taken from the steel plates—at the time I acquired that right there were 7,000 copies of a particular picture on hand, and I took the whole stock with the copyright—the old stock was quite unfitted for my purpose, and I took steps to get rid of it, and saw a man named Spannier with reference to them—I shortly afterwards received a visit from a man named Rock, who stated that he had formerly belonged to Christchurch, Oxford; had been a student at one of the Inns of Court; that he was a brother of a Shropshire clergyman; that he had a large acquaintance-amongst shipping agents in London, and if I paid him a commission he—would place this old stock amongst the shippers, and would be able to take the whole stock of engravings for export to the colonies. He called a second time and said that he had known some shippers of Finsbury Place, E. Stern and Co., for some time, and would give them an introduc
<lb/>tion to me, and they should call upon, me and take a quantity of my goods—I said that I did not wish them published in England, and should like them if possible to be exported to the colonies, because the issue of the old stock in this country would interfere with the improved issue, and that Messrs. Stern and Co. would want them for the Cape of Good Hope—afterwards I received a visit from Stern, who brought me this letter from Rock: "4, Grove Place, Acton, W., September 28th. Dear Sir—T bearer, Mr. D. Stern, of Stern and Co., may be able to buy a quantity of your pictures, and I trust the introduction may lead to business.—Yours truly,—Rock." Stern brought with him two men, one of whom I subsequently saw in his office, who I believe was his clerk; the other I believe to be Oberdorfer—Stern said "I am a shipping agent," and he gave me to understand that he did a considerable business with Germany and the colonies, especially the Cape of Good Hope—he said, referring to the man I believe to be Oberdorfer, "This is a merchant from the Cape of Good Hope; he has a considerable business there in engravings and lithographs, and I think he will be able to take a vast number of these engravings"—the engravings were there, and samples of a large number of copyrights which had been offered to me—he took a sample of "The Challenge "and marked in the corner of it the date and his initials, and samples of other pictures by Sir Edwin Landseer—they were copyrights which had been brought me, and I had not finally decided whether I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100030"/>
<p>would accept them—he marked them all—I said that I was not at all anxious as to the new copyrights, but the old stock, "The Challenge" and "The Sanctuary," I was anxious to get rid of—he said none the less he should like to take the samples—he and Oberdorfer made a number of remarks about the pictures; some they thought particularly suited to the Cape market, especially "The Challenge" and "The Sanctuary" after Stern had marked the samples he asked me the terms on which I would sell the engravings—I had previously told him the price of the old stock—viz., 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. each.—the proper price in this country would be 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. each—that is what the original plates sold at—he said "We do a large business with Berlin, I suppose you will be satisfied if we give you a bill on some firm in Berlin"—I said "I know nothing about bills and business matters, the only thing I can understand is cash"—he said "I will consider the matter and write you further"—afterwards I got this letter, dated October 1st, 1877: "Dear Sir—Please forward 2,000 engravings of The Sanctuary,' and 2,000 engravings, 'The Challenge' at 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., less 5 per cent, cash, payable on 15th insr., and oblige, dear Sir, yours respectfully, D. Stern and Co. References—Messrs. Mezler and Co., 4, Bow Lane; Jado and Levy, 4, Catherine Court, Seething Lane, E. C." I first called at Messrs. Mezler, who occupy the ground floor in Bow Lane—the premises seemed to be stocked with valuable lithographs—I saw a clerk, who said that it was very difficult to find Mr. Mezler in, as he had so many engagements—I left my card and said "Will you tell Mr. Mezler to write to me to this address and give me information as to D. Stern and Co., who have referred me to him
<hi rend="italic">?"</hi>—he said he would give the card and ask for the information—I called a second time—some other persons were in the shop, one of whom I believe was Mezler—the clerk said "I gave the card to Mr. Mezler, and he said he would attend to it"—I said "Is Mr. Mezler here now?"—he said "No, he is not here"—I said "Mr. Mezler has not written to me, I will leave 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. to pay for stamps for Mr. Mezler to write"—I thought perhaps he had not written, from motives of economy—he said he would give the stamps to Mr. Mezler and ask him to write—I then said to the clerk "Stern says he has had dealings with your firm, is that the case?"—he said "Yes"—I said "He is rather pressing about this order, and do you think I can safely execute it?"—he said "I should say so, we have had considerable dealings with him"—Mr. Mezler did not reply to my letter—I called at Jado and Levy's place, 4, Catherine Court, Seething Lane, and saw a clerk—I showed him the order, and said that I had been referred to their firm, and that I wished to see Mr. Levy or Mr. Jado in reference to it—he said neither of them was in, but that if I left the name and the amount of the order he would mention the matter to Jado and Levy, and they would write to me—he asked me the exact amount of the order—he said it was important he should know that—I said "Does it make any difference whether it is 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.?"—he said "Yes, because they might be good for 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and not for 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., so you had better be very exact in mentioning the exact amount"—I subsequently received this letter: "4, Catherine Court, Tower Hill, London, E.C., October 3, 1877. To Mr. Shackle
<lb/>ton Hallett. Dear Sir—Messrs. D. Stern and Co., of 26, Finsbury Place, we know as respectable and trustworthy, and consider them safe for the amount named. Yours truly, Jado and Levy." After receiving that, Rock called, and I mentioned to him that I had received</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100031"/>
<p>no reply from Mezler, but that I had received a satisfactory reply from Jado and Levy—he said "Mezler and Co. are, doubtless, jealous of Stern and Co., because Stern and Co. are a young firm in the same business as Mezler and Co.; they touch lithographs and Mezler and Co. deal also in lithographs, and they are doubtless anxious that you should do business with them"—I said "That may be so," and that I would consider the matter further—I subsequently received this letter: "D. Stern and Co., 26, Finsbury Place North, London, E.C. October 5, 1877. Mr. Shackleton Hallett. Dear Sir,—Please inform us by return when our order will be executed, as we are waiting for the pictures to pack with others for shipping, and oblige, yours respectfully, D. Stern and Co". There is also a receipt on this by Mr. Rock, which was written some little time afterwards—in consequence of this letter I called at Finsbury Place North, and saw Stern, who was seated at a centre table, near the window—there was a clerk, whom I now believe to be Roberts, who was counting some lithographs or chromo-lithographs—I said to Stern "I have called with reference to this order of yours; I told you that I car only understand a sale for cash"—he said "Yes, but my order is a cash order; you are not acquainted with these matters; if you were, you would know that houses doing a large business are in the habit of making payments on certain fixed days in every month, and on those days only. Our pay day is on the 15th, and a payment on that day is what we call prompt"—I said "Well, that may possibly be so; a fortnight may not make much difference"—I said again to him "Where are these goods going to?" he said "They will be shipped at once to the Cape of Good Hope, and there is a vessel waiting in the docks, and I am, therefore, anxious for their immediate delivery"—I said "I have had a satisfactory reference from Jado and Levy, but Mezler and Co. have not given me any written answer to my inquiries; the clerk there says that you have done business with them. Mr. Rock says the reason why Mezler has not answered, possibly, may be jealousy of you, as you both deal in litho
<lb/>graphs and," I said, pointing to the clerk at the window, who was counting the lithographs, "I see you deal in these things"—he said "Yes," and he produced a number of receipted bills from Mezler, showing payments made by himself to Mezler to a considerable amount—this seemed to confirm his statement, and I said "You shall have the goods; I have been engaged in purchasing the copyrights, and have at present taken no warehouse. I have not commenced any business; they are on the premises of the vendors to myself, in Serle Street, Lincoln's Inn, waiting my order. If you send there to-morrow I will have them delivered to you." On October 8th I attended at Serle Street, and I found outside the door of the warehouse the prisoner Sandman in a light spring cart, and another man, J. Roberts, whom I had previously seen in Stern's place of business, counting the lithographs—Sandman at that time had light whiskers under his chin—lie subsequently dyed them with some lead dye—it was something that changed the colour, and it was obviously by artificial means—he was dressed as a countryman—they were waiting at the door, and I said "I suppose you are Mr. Stern's carman?"—Sandman said "Yes, sir"—I said to Roberts "One of you will have to come in and take these engravings out of the warehouse"—Roberts came into the warehouse and delivered to me this order. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi>" E. Stern and Co., 26, Finsbury Place North, London, E. C October 8th, 1877.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100032"/>
<p>Mr. Hallett. Dear Sir,—Please deliver to bearer 4,000 pictures, and oblige, yours truly, D. Stern and Co.") I then delivered to him 2,000 copies of "The Sanctuary," and 2,000 copies of "The Challenge"—they were packed in 16 brown-paper parcels of 250 each, as they came from the printer's—I produce this receipt written on my ordinary paper. (
<hi rend="italic">This was a receipt for the engravings, and was signed by J. Roberts</hi>.) As they were leaving, I said to Roberts, in the presence of Sandman, "I suppose you will take these to Mr. Stern's office?"—he laughed, and said "No, they must be packed at the office before they can be sent to the ship"—I do not remember his mentioning the name of the packers—they then left—subsequently I received a second order. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "D. Stern and Co. 26, Finsbury Place North, London, E.C. October 10, 1877. Mr. Hallett. Dear Sir,—We have sold to a customer of ours 500 copies of 'The Sanctuary,' and 500 copies of 'The Challenge,' at 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. less 5 per cent, for cash, to be delivered at once. Please inform us at once whether you have these pictures in stock, and when you can deliver them. Your early attention will oblige yours truly, D. Stern and Co. P.S. This order to be paid with first amount, on the 10th instant.") I called at Stern's office—I had in contemplation at the time the purchase of the copyrights of "The Huguenots" and "Black Brunswicker," and I said to Stern "I am thinking of taking these plates, and also other plates of Landseer's stock, but I am not quite decided about the purchase of them. Do you think there would be a market for these at the Cape of Good Hope?"—he entered into a discussion on the relative merits of the pictures, and he advised me to purchase one of them—he then said that he would be calling himself the next day for the other copies of "The Sanctuary" and "The Challenge"—I said "Where will they go?"—he said "They also are going to the Cape of Good Hope"—on the morning of October 11th, I saw him outside the warehouse, in Serle Street, by himself—he then had whiskers, which have been shaved off, I may say—his appearance was very different then—he appeared a much more respectable person—he was well dressed, clean shirt and collar; in fact, he appeared like a very respectable person indeed—he received 500 copies of "The Challenge" and 500 of "The Sanctuary"—I think there was some difficulty as to the packages—they were not all the same number, so he asked for 50 more copies of each—they received 550 copies of each—the receipt had been made out for 500 each, and the "50" has been added, and Stern then initialled this alteration. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "Received from Mr. Shackleton Hallett 550 copies of 'The Sanctuary' and 550 copies of 'The Challenge,' at 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. per copy, less 5 per cent, for cash.") Stern said there was a cab to take them to the shipper's, and I then left him at the place—on the 15th instant I called at the office of Stern—the house
<lb/>keeper was standing outside, and Stern was not there—a number of people were calling, asking for their money or their goods, neither of which could be found—I have seen a considerable number of prints which were found at Leicester, and recognised them as some of those I sold to Stern—they bear the marks which Stern put on them—I have also had shown to me samples of "The Sanctuary" and "The Challenge" taken from a large case at King's Cross, which I recognise as portions of the packages of 250 each, delivered on the 8th October to Sandman—I believed that Stern was carrying on a genuine business as a shipping agent, and that those goods were to be consigned to the merchants at the Cape of Good Hope, or I should not have parted with them.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100033"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. Mr. Spannier was the chief agent in bringing Stern and myself together, and he introduced Rock—he had the chief commission on the sale of the pictures, and Rock a second com
<lb/>mission—Spannier is a German Jew—an old
<hi rend="italic">employee</hi> of mine recommended. me to him—he is not my clerk—if he described himself as" clerk to Mr. Shackleton Hallett, of No. 1, Hare Court, Temple," that would be untrue—he explained that at the Mansion House—Rock's statements had not much influence with me—I saw a letter from a clergyman in Shropshire which led me not to pay much attention to his statements—I had con
<lb/>fidence in neither—I relied on my intention to receive only cash, and, secondly, on references—I was to a certain extent induced to part with my goods by the statements made by Rock, because they were confirmed by the statements made by Stern—I made up my mind to part with them when Stern showed me the receipts on the 7th October—Roberts did not call on me at the Temple—Spannier was not with me the day the goods were delivered—he used to come in frequently, and on one occasion Stern was there when he came—Spannier may have been there the day the goods were delivered—Roberts came, I think, on the first occasion with Stern—an appointment was made to meet for the purpose of giving up the goods—my impression is that must have been late in the day—it was made at Stern's office, and the goods were to be taken from Serle Street, where I was to meet Roberts—I have no recollection of any con
<lb/>versation with them at my chambers that day—that receipt was signed by Roberts in Serle Street, in the house—Roberts went in by himself, and Sandman remained in the cart, which was the only time I had seen Sandman—I had come from one of the courts in Lincoln's Inn—the door of the place was not open at first, and people were waiting for it to open—Roberts seemed to have the appearance of a respectable clerk—I knew I had seen him at Stern's or at my chambers—I did not hear Spannier examined at the Mansion House—Spannier is no longer in my service—he was called for the prosecution—if he says that Sandman called at Hare Court on the 8th October it is not true, nor that Sandman signed that paper and gave the receipt in the name of Roberts—Sandman's dye on his beard is fading from the ends now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have dismissed Spannier, or rather certain inquiries were being made, and he was advised to resign.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Stern.</hi> I think you called with your clerk and Oberdorfer—I know the latter from his description—he was a dark
<lb/>haired young-looking man—it was when you showed me the receipts that I made up my mind to let you have the pictures—I called for the purpose of putting some questions to you—you were very anxious for me to take bills, and I said "I cannot take bills"—then your letter came saying you would pay cash on the 15th—I did not say I would take bills or cash—I have no recollection of meeting Roberts at Hare Court except in your company—I saw the carman (Sandman) and Roberts at Serle Street—Sandman helped put the goods in the cart—you said you wanted the second lot of 1,000 pictures for the Cape of Good Hope—I think I met you in Serle Street at three o'clock p.m.—there was a difference in one package, and I think it made 1,100—when I called at your office on the 15th the landlady told me that a number of persons had been calling for their money—she would not let me into the house—she said there were so many persons coming down that it blocked the doorway—if Spannier</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100034"/>
<p>says you called at my chambers seven or eight times that is not true, or that I posted Spannier outside the door to hear the conversation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-133" type="surname" value="SPANNIER"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-133" type="given" value="MAGNUS"/>MAGNUS SPANNIER</persName> </hi>. I am a commission-agent, and live at 4, New North Street, Bloomsbury Square—I know Rock as much as Mr. Hallett knows him, through another man who sent him to me in connection with buying some pictures I had to sell for Mr. Hallett—I forget his name, it was in Long Acre—I was engaged by Mr. Hallett to sell the pictures on commission—after they had been obtained I went down to Leicester with Sergeant Lythel, and on the 28th October I went to Sandman's premises, 29, New Bond Street—we had taken lodgings opposite the house first of all—we went to Sandman's warehouse on Sunday, the 28th October, and I was present when search was made, and when 250 of the lithographs "The Challenge" were found there—subsequently another 700 were found upstairs—Sandman said in Lythel's presence something about buying them of Stern, and said he paid 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. each for them, or something of that, and I said it was not half the amount they were sold for, and a great many things were said that I cannot call to mind.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I knew Mr. Hallett through a gentleman living in my neighbourhood connected with my brother coming to my place and sending us to Mr. Hallett—my brother and I are in the picture line—I made the correction at the Mansion House directly I said I was clerk to Mr. Hallett—I said I was managing the sale of the pictures for him—I was at Hare Court mostly every day, sometimes two or three times a day and sometimes two or three days a week—I was in the hall on one or two occasions when Stern was there—I was not at Hare Court when Sandman was there—I saw him at Lincoln's Inn when he went for the pictures—I was not very far away—I did not go there with Mr. Hallett—I was standing close against the cart watching—I did not see Mr. Hallett there at all—he had no doubt gone on, because I called at his chambers, and the clerk told me he had gone to Lincoln's Inn, and I followed—I did not go into the house—when I said before the Magis
<lb/>trate "On the 8th October the prisoner called on me at Hare Court and produced the order marked A," I meant that he called on Mr. Hallett and produced the order to him—I was under the impression that Sandman signed the receipt—Stern was not in custody then—it was well under
<lb/>stood that Sandman came on behalf of Stern to fetch the 4,000 pictures away—that is what I understood I said—I believe I did say that Sandman signed the receipt, but not that he signed it in the name of Roberts, because I was not near enough to see—I swore I see him sign
<hi rend="italic">a</hi> receipt—it is not a very broad street to see across—I had my suspicions about its being a genuine affair—it was signed just inside the building, I believe.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Stern.</hi> I said at the Mansion House that I saw you three or four times—I saw you twice at your own office—I asked to see Mr. Stern and you were pointed out to me—I did not go up to you or speak to you—on one occasion I opened the door and asked if Mr. Stern was in and was told "No" by a rather dark person with a moustache—at Mr. Hallett's chambers I understood from the boy in the hall that you were in Mr. Hallett's large room, and you were the person I wanted to see, and I took particular care to know all that went on, and I told Mr. Hallett not to let the pictures go, but he did, much against my wish—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100035"/>
<p>knew you were a lot of swindlers—I begged of him to let me get them back for him, and I traced them myself—Mr. Hallett and I made inquiries about you at Judo and Levy's, and I told Mr. Hallett he would not get his money—they wrote a reply—I was to have 2 1/2 per cent, on the sale of the pictures—when I went down to Leicester I represented myself as manag
<lb/>ing the sale of the pictures—I represented my master as being one of the prosecutors—it is not true that I said I would take 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and settle it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mr. Hallett can substantiate what I say.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-134" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-134" type="given" value="ISABELLA ELIZABETH"/>ISABELLA ELIZABETH BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am servant to a Mrs. Lovegrove, house
<lb/>keeper at 4, Catherine Court, Tower Hill, where I reside—Messrs. Jado and Levy occupied an office on the ground-floor—they went in about June—there was some furniture there which they had to pay for before taking possession—they left about the beginning of October or the latter end of September—the brokers afterwards came in—I have seen Stern there—he used to come in on many occasions, and' sometimes ask me for the key—I have seen Levy there every day—he had dark hair curled and dark whiskers, and was shaved on the chin—I never saw Jado there—I don't know the name of Oberdorfer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. A great many people came there—it was one room furnished, partitioned off into three—several bales of matting came there, and on one occasion a great quantity of hampers of boots and shoes and samples of collars and cuffs and buttons—the goods did not remain there long—their errand-boy and a carman one afternoon carried off the hampers of boots and shoes, and the other goods were taken away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-135" type="surname" value="CALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-135" type="given" value="HENRY LAKE"/>HENRY LAKE CALTON</persName> </hi>. I am clerk and book-keeper in the counting-house of Messrs. Southgate and Co., of 49, London Wall—this note (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) came from D. Stern and Co. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "D. Stern and Co., 26, Finsbury Place North, London, E. C., October 8th, 1877. Messrs. South
<lb/>gate and Co., London Wall. Gentlemen,—Please forward 16 packages containing pictures delivered to you to-day, packed in one case marked D. S, 97, to Mr. Russell, Livery Carriage Company Buildings, Church Street, Preston, Lancashire, carriage paid by us, and oblige, yours truly, D. Stern and Company.") The goods were delivered accordingly with this card (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), and were packed in due course and forwarded per Chaplin and Horne.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-136" type="surname" value="LEGG"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-136" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN LEGG</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Messrs. Dobree, pawnbrokers, of 73, Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square—this is the contract-note for a micro
<lb/>scope (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), dated 17th September, 1877, in the name of "Stein"—I recognise Stern as the person who pawned it—I produce the other half of the contract-note.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-137" type="surname" value="LYTHEL"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-137" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL LYTHEL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). On the 22nd October I received from the Mansion House two warrants, and from information I received I went down to Leicester with Spannier, and obtained from the local magis
<lb/>trates a search warrant to search the premises of Sandman—I took some lodgings opposite the house 29, New Bond Street, Leicester, and watched the premises from the window, from Wednesday afternoon to Sunday night—I saw some prints exposed in the window, and I went in about 8.30 or 9 o'clock on Sunday evening with Spannier and a Leicester police-officer—I saw Sandman in the back parlour—the stock consisted of a variety of goods, looking-glasses, clocks, vases, alarms, lustres, bird
<lb/>eages, cash-boxes, &c., &c.—I told Sandman that the Leicester officer and myself were police-officers, and we had a warrant to search his house—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100036"/>
<p>the Leicester officer then read the warrant to him, and explained the meaning of it—we then proceeded to search—in the shop I found a paper parcel containing lithographic prints, which I afterwards counted, and found it contained 250 prints exactly similar to those produced of "The Challenge" and "The Sanctuary"—we then proceeded to the first floor front room, and on the table in the room I found a large quantity more of the prints, which I afterwards counted, and there were about 700 of them, making together about 950—I then said to Sandman "These are part of a lot of goods which have been obtained by fraud, and they have been identified by this person," meaning Spannier—he said "I am a general dealer, and bought them in the ordinary way of my trade"—I said "Then you can tell me from whom you bought them, and I have no doubt you have some receipts"—he said he bought them of a man named Stern in the City Road, London—I may say that Finsbury Place is a con
<lb/>tinuation of the City Road—he said he never kept any receipts—I then saw a parcel in the back parlour which I took up, and asked him what it contained—he made no answer, and I proceeded to open it, and I found it contained a quantity of shirt-fronts, 45 dozen, as I afterwards counted—I said to the prisoner "I have no doubt this is part of a lot of goods that have been obtained by fraud, I shall take possession of them"—we then conveyed him and the goods to the Leicester police-station—I think I said the goods had been obtained by Jado and Levy—I did not then say from whom they had been obtained—he was examined before the bench of Magistrates on Monday, and remanded till Wednesday, and in the meantime I obtained a warrant from the Mansion House for his removal to London—while at Leicester, on the 29th, I called on Mr. Carnall, of the Haymarket, Leicester, and had a conversation with him, the result of which was that he gave me up nine gross of ivory combs—he previously went to the Leicester police-station, and saw the prisoner, and said he was the person he bought them of, and the prisoner said he bought them of Jado and Levy, of London—I said to the prisoner "I have heard what this gentleman says—I shall get the combs from him, and no doubt they are part of a lot of goods obtained from a house in London"—he made no answer, and I removed him to London on Wed
<lb/>nesday—the prints have been identified by Mr. Hallett as well as Spannier, and the shirt-fronts by Schweizer, Mr. Cornet's clerk, and the combs by Mr. Smith, of Carter and Co., as part of the goods they had sold to Jado and Levy, and to Stern in the case of the prints—on the evening of the 8th November from information I received I went to Pres
<lb/>ton, and got information respecting the movements of Levy and Stern, and in consequence of that I wont on to Glasgow, where I arrived on Monday morning, the 12th—I went to Steele's Hotel, Queen Street, but was unfortunately too late for the men—when coining out of the hotel I saw a railway van drive up—I had knowledge of a case being on its road to the north, which I heard of at Russell's, of Preston, and also what it contained—the case was marked D. S., 97 or 98—after it was delivered I took possession of it—it weighed 8 cwt.—on opening it I found it full of lithographic prints of "The Challenge" and "The Sanctuary"—the address on the case was "E. Smith," or "A. Smith, Steele's Hotel, Queen Street, Glasgow"—I returned to London on the 16th, and went to Edin
<lb/>burgh on the 23rd at about 12.30—on Saturday the 24th November I saw Stern in Princes Street—I was in company with an officer, and I said to the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100037"/>
<p>prisoner "We are police officers; I want to speak to you a minute; your name is Stern"—he said "No, it is not"—I said "I know that you are Daniel Stern, and I shall take you into custody; I have a warrant for you"—he said "I expected that," and I conveyed him to the police-station at Edinburgh, and I read the warrant to him—he made no reply, and on the 26th I conveyed him to London—on searching him at Edin
<lb/>burgh I found on him three pawnbrokers' contract tickets all relating to microscopes, one pawnbroker being Dobree, another Lawleys, and another at Liverpool—the date of the Liverpool one is 3rd November, in the name of Edward Smith, Elm Grove, large microscope 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—since he has been in custody he has given me some information which has led to the recovery of a large amount of property, and will probably lead to further recovery—I have taken Mr. Anderton round to some of the pawnbrokers, and he identified the goods as a portion of the property he sold to him in July, August, and September—I found on Sandman a little book in Hebrew characters and 22
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and a silver watch, which I omitted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GILL</hi>. I was first instructed in this case about the 8th or 10th October, and have devoted a good deal of attention to it—Sandman answered my inquiries—Mr. Carnall's stock was very various.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mr. Carnall's is an old-established respectable house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Stern in his defence said he never gave a reference for Levy; that he got acquainted with him</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">months since when travelling with jewellery in London when Levy was trading at 10 and</hi> 11,
<hi rend="italic">Aldermanbury; he afterwards took the office in Finsbury Place, and Levy gave him a reference, as he had done business with him and paid him, and he had no interest in the goods Levy obtained.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses-for Sandman.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-138" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-138" type="surname" value="SANDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-138" type="given" value="ISABELLA"/>ISABELLA SANDMAN</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of the prisoner Sandman, and was living
<hi rend="italic">with</hi> him at 29, New Bond Street, Leicester—I was in the habit of writing his letters—he writes Hebrew only—he can sign his name, and I have learnt him also to write our address—I have signed receipts—my father has made no change in his appearance during the last few months—there is no ground for saying he has altered the colour of his beard—after he was taken into custody I found amongst his papers these letters, and also this receipt, which is signed by him (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I remember some lithographs coming to our shop and they were exposed in the window for sale, and also some in the shop, and some were taken upstairs—my father has lived at Leicester in the same shop for a little over three years, I think. (
<hi rend="italic">Letter read:</hi> "London, August 7, 1877. 26, Finsbury Place North, London. D. Stern and Co. Mr. S. Sandman. Dear Sir,—We beg reference to our conversation last time we saw you in London, and beg to say we are in possession of some goods too late for shipment, and which we would offer you as a very reasonable price, having no doubt the same would suit. Of. course as this is our first transaction we expect cash," &c.)
<hi rend="italic">Another letter, dated</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th October</hi>, 1877,
<hi rend="italic">from D. Stern and Co., to Sandman, stating they had received another</hi> 1,100
<hi rend="italic">prints of Mr. Hallett, which they were going to sell at Liverpool with the other lot which they had not yet sold, was read</hi>;
<hi rend="italic">also a receipt by Stern for the</hi> 1,100
<hi rend="italic">lithograph, amounting to</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and a memorandum dated October</hi> 23, 1877,
<hi rend="italic">showing the purchase of nine gross of </hi>ivory
<hi rend="italic"> combs at</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">s per dozen</hi>, 27
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">signed H. S. Sandman.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am 22 years of age—before we went to Leicester</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100038"/>
<p>we lived with a friend in Birmingham—before that we were at New
<lb/>castle—my father trades in different things—at Newcastle ho dealt in pianos—I don't recollect where he was in 1869 or 1870—I don't remem
<lb/>ber Redcar—I know Middlesboro'—we lived there—I don't know that he has ever gone under any other name—I don't know whose writing this is—the name is Simmonds—I don't think this paper is in the same hand
<lb/>writing—I don't know that it is my father's—all I know of his hand
<lb/>writing is his name, and our address, which I taught him—the acceptances on these three bills are in my father's handwriting—I don't know whose the fourth is—I have no idea what we left Middlesboro for, ask my father—I am not sure that people came to him for money for goods supplied—there was something at Middlesboro or Newcastle about an offer of composition, as ho had lost some money through not getting paid for some goods—people might have come and inquired after him—we left Middlesboro about seven or eight years ago—perhaps we remained at Newcastle for four or five years—I expect father sold the pianos at New
<lb/>castle—we had a store-room—it was a large store-room at Leicester—I recollect some pianos coming from Brinsmead—my father would not allow me to keep books, as ho said he could not read English, and it was un
<lb/>necessary—I think the words on that document, "National Provincial Bank of England, London," are in the handwriting of a brother of mine—it is signed by my father—I do not recollect this bill coming—I had nothing to do with them—I don't know how soon after receiving the pianos we left Newcastle—I think this signature across this bill, dated 1870, addressed to Sandman, general dealer, Stockton-on-Tees, is mine, and not my father's—we never lived at Stockton—it looks too much like a gentleman's writing for mine—I cannot swear to it—my father's step
<lb/>brother, named Sandman, lives at Bowden Street, near Newcastle-on-Type—the signature on the bill addressed Newcastle-on-Tyne does look like my father's writing—he lived at Ashfield Terrace, Newcastle—I don't think it is my father's writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There was no reason why I should remember the date of living at Birmingham—I was not at school there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-139" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-139" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-139" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>AMELIA GILBERT</persName> </hi>. I live at 11, Nichols Street, Mile End—Sandman has lodged with me when ho has come up to town during the last four or five years—I saw him last October—I never saw him write English—when he received a letter in English either I or one of my children would read it to him—my daughter has written an address on an envelope for him—there is no ground for saying he has altered his appearance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-100-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-100-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-100-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>Mr. Grain stated that a number of other cases had come to the know
<lb/>ledge of Serjeant Lythel, and that no doubt Sandman had been pursuing a course of fraud, at all events since 1869.</p>
<p>Serjeant Lythel stated that since he had had the matter in hand he had received a largo number of letters from different parts of London and the country complaining of the writers having been defrauded not only by the prisoners, but other people acting in concert with Jado and Levy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SANDMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-100-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-100-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-100-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18771210 t18771210-100-punishment-21"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STERN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-100-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-100-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-100-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-100-18771210 t18771210-100-punishment-22"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">considering the: pawnbrokers were not in fault, on application of Mr. Attenborough on their behalf, made an order of restitution in respect of the microscopes on payment of the sums advanced without interest.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100039"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1877.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18771210-name-140" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-140" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-140" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm Kerr</persName>, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-101">
<interp inst="t18771210-101" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-101" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-101-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18771210 t18771210-101-offence-1 t18771210-101-verdict-1"/>
<p>101.
<persName id="def1-101-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-101-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18771210" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18771210" type="surname" value="DRAPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18771210" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18771210" type="occupation" value="bank porter"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS DRAPER</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-101-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-101-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-101-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing a diamond ring and other goods of
<persName id="t18771210-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-142" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-142" type="given" value="HENRY SEYMOUR"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-142" type="occupation" value="banker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-101-offence-1 t18771210-name-142"/>Henry Seymour King</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-143" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-143" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>MR. EDWARD CLARKE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MADDISON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THORNE COLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEITH FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-144" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-144" type="given" value="HENRY SEYMOUR"/>HENRY SEYMOUR KING</persName> </hi>. I am one of the firm of Henry King and Co., bankers, Cornhill—we have a strong room exactly underneath my room, the only entrance to it being by a staircase which descends from one corner of my room—my room is usually swept out by the porter in charge I occupy it jointly with my father—I keep one set of keys, and my manager another set—I put mine into a patent cylinder desk which was kept locked—after the robbery I found that my desk had been opened by a person's fingers being inserted at the bottom of the cylinder—I tried and found it could be so opened "without forcing—the lock back and shut up again as if it had never been opened—I also with an expert examined the strong room, but did not find that any violence had been used, the locks being in perfectly good order—I kept in the strong room jewellery, plate, money, and securities of all kinds in chests—some of the jewellery belonged to my own relations, but the greater portion belonged to customers who deposited it for safe custody when they left the country for a short time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It required some skill to open the desk, and there must be two people to do it—I think Mr. Danks was with me when I opened it—it was done in five minutes simply by the fingers—I think Fisher was our porter about a year—the three windows of my room would look out into a court—it is en the ground floor—there are two doors to my room, nearly close together—one leads into a passage, both doors lead to the outside office—there is an ante-room, but no door from it into the passage—Fisher stayed away for his own convenience, and I told him he must leave for mine—I do not know if a character—was given him—I should have had no objection—the manager has the supervision of the porters—the robbery was first brought to my knowledge in October, 1876—we had then no suspicion that the pro
<lb/>perty was taken from our premises—the prisoner left in December, 1876—we believed that the jewels had been extracted from a railway train.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> There is a door loads into White Lion Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-145" type="surname" value="DANKS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-145" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DANKS</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. King and Co.—the firm are in the habit of receiving securities and valuables for custody—Major Tullock deposited a box about the middle of 1873—I examined that box among others after the report of the robbery, and found that it had been broken open—I examined the strong room but found no traces of violence-, the locks being in perfectly good order—I kept one set of keys, which I took home at night—Mr. King kept the other—the prisoner was there about four years, he left on the 30th December last—his duties wore connected with the shipping and warehousing depart
<lb/>ments chiefly, but he also took charge of parcels, taking them to the strong room, always accompanied by myself—we have another warehouse in Worship Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Fisher was not so long in our employment as the prisoner—the prisoner was there when Fisher came, but I cannot answer</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100040"/>
<p>from memory when either of them came—I believe Fisher was wife us about a rear or so—he left in July, 1876—there is a front entrance in Cornhill, and a side entrance in White Lion Court—from the top of the staircase, which leads into the strong room, there is a door leading into White Lion Court; but to get at that door from the inside it is necessary to go through the principal's office.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-146" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-146" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FISHER</persName> </hi>. I live at 33, Tracey Street, Kennington Road—I was porter to Messrs. King and Co. prior to July, 1876—I went there is February, 1875—the prisoner was also employed as porter—I used to go at 7.30 a.m. and sweep and dust the room—the prisoner came at the same hour to sweep and dust the room opposite—there were two desks in the room, one belonging to Mr. King, the other to Mr. S. King—about Christmas, 1875, or January, 1876, the prisoner showed me a round box with a turquoise bracelet—he said "This is how I have property placed under my care," and asked me if I knew where to sell it—I told him "No"—he showed it to me the following day in the basement, and asked if I had found out where to sell it—I told him "No, I had not troubled about it"—that was about 7.30 a.m.—in the afternoon he again asked me if I knew who would buy it—I said I would try and sell it—he gave it to me then—I took it to Mr. Mosedale's, at the Golden Horse, in Aldersgate Street—Mosedale told me where to sell it, and I went to a Mr. Farnham, in Charles Street, Drury Lane, who offered me 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for it—I brought it back as Draper directed me, and afterwards took it to Farn
<lb/>hain's and received the amount—I gave the money to Draper, who gave me 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. out of it—Draper afterwards showed me a gold watch—that was in the basement—he asked me to take it to Farnham's—we both went—I was not present when he sold it, but he told me that he had sold it—I do not remember the amount—in January or the beginning of February, 1876, Draper said he had heard that there was a great amount of pro
<lb/>perty in the safe, and asked me if I knew where the keys were kept—he said he would not mind doing anything against Mr. King—he had a little ill-feeling against him, I believe—I told him I believed Mr. Danks took the keys away with him every night—Draper on several occasions during the day, when we went to have some beer, asked me if I could find out where the keys were kept—I told him "No"—one morning he came when I was cleaning out Mr. King's office—we talked about the safe—we noticed the desk was not fastened properly—you could see that the bolts had not gone into the catch properly at the top of Mr. Seymour King's desk—we pulled the top of the desk, and it came open—we saw the keys just inside—I said "I suppose those are the keys"—we went down and unlocked the safe—we did not take anything then—the next morning we got the keys in the same way—we took a box containing jewellery—Draper went into the safe while I listened at the door at the end of the stairs—Draper broke open the box and emptied the contents into a handkerchief—we had also fastened Mr. King's door to prevent any one coming upon us—I saw a diamond ring with three stones in it, and other things which I cannot remember—Draper did the box up again, and put it back—we locked the safe up, and put the keys back—we went to Farnharn's and arranged to meet him in the City Road, and then go to Draper's house, at 43, Nicholas Street—we met Farnham with another man whom I don't know—the things were shown to Farnham at Draper's lodgings—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100041"/>
<p>Draper said to Farnham "We have got a lot of stuff—we want you to price each article separately"—Farnham refused to do that—Draper said "You won't have it at all, then"—Farnham went out—we had some drink and then parted—I afterwards took the things to Mosedale Draper was not with me then, but he went in the afternoon—Mosedale said he could very likely sell it to a relation of his in the country—he would take it the following morning, and if we called in the evening he would tell us the price—we went the following day, when Mosedale offered 45
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for it—Draper said he would not take it, and took the jewellery away—in the beginning of the next week he said "I am short of money—we had better get rid of that stuff—it is dangerous to have it about"—he gave it to me, and I took it to Farnham's, and sold it for 45
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—part of "the money was paid then and part on the following week—I met Draper, gave him half the money, and kept the other half—two or three mornings afterwards we again went to the strong room—having locked the door, the same as before, I listened at the door while Draper went to the safe—he brought out a dressing-case, broke it open, and took out some rings and a lady's watch, and did the case up again and put it back—Draper said he would not let Farnham have any more because he was chiselling us, and that he had found out a man who would buy it, and give us a better price for it—the case was taken to Draper's lodgings—I went there after I had done work, about 7 or 8 p.m.—I saw Draper and the man Mason who is here to-day—Draper said Mason knew a man named Oakley, of a public-house in Hoxton Square—he did not say the name of the house, but I think it was the Prince Albert—Draper and Mason went in first, and then came and told me it was all right, and Mason held open a side door—we went upstairs into a concert room—the public-house is near Shoreditch railway-station on the North London Railway—Draper produced the jewellery and showed it to Oakley, who offered 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for it, and part was paid then—Mason had 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from me, and Draper gave him some—we went into Mr. King's safe four or five times altogether—on one occasion this square leather box (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), containing a tin box was, broken open and some rings, silver bracelets, and silver brooches taken—the box has Captain Tullock's name on it—this is the bracelet—it has turquoise stones in it—Mason said "Don't let Oakley have the bracelet; I can get more money than Oakley can give you for it"—he did not say what he would do with it—I left Mr. King's employment in June, 1876—I saw the prisoner several times since—he used to come where I worked—he came once in my dinner time, and told me that a desk had been sent into the country, and that when it arrived it was discovered to be opened—he saw me again, and said that a case which he had mentioned to me was insured for l,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and he said "That's the one Farnham had"—he came to me day after day—he said they were all being watched, and they had to be very careful what they did.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100042"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am now employed by Mr. Wassail, of 6, Motcomb Street, Belgrave Square, a warehouseman—my employer knows what evidence I can give in this case—he has been to Mr. King about me—I do not think he has heard the evidence—I went to Messrs. King in February, 1875—we began plundering in January, 1876, and continued till May—I did not steal any articles after May—I was discharged for staying away, and was out of employment two months—I lived at my father's—I will give you his address. (
<hi rend="italic">The witness wrote it on a piece of paper</hi>.) I have seen Oakley during that time—I have heard Draper speak
<hi rend="italic">of. Dark Harry</hi>, but I do not know him—I have nut seen him that I know of—I knew Mason first in April, and saw him last in June, 1876—I heard of his arrest and being sentenced to 10 years' penal servitude—I never complained to the firm of any properly being taken, and should not have said anything if a convict had not made a statement—Mosedale is a publican and a Professional singer—ho is called
<hi rend="italic">Teddy</hi> Mosedale—I knew him first in 1873 or 1874 he keeps the Red Cross—the prisoner has been there scores of times—Mosedale removed to the Golden Horse about May, 1875—I used to go nearly every night to Teddy Mosedale's—I think he gave up the Golden Horse about the end of 1876—I don't know what he is doing now—I met Farnham at the Golden Horse—he was known as
<hi rend="italic">Tommy</hi> Farnham—I never saw him at the Red Cross—if I have said so it is a mistake—Mr. Seymour used to come about 9 o'clock—I have seta him take the keys out of his desk—the cylinder desk took us about two minutes to open—I may have said before the Magistrate that I took the keys out—I did take them out, and so did Draper—the first time Draper called my attention to it I used to stand at the bottom of the stairs to listen—I did assist Draper when he couldn't do it—Oakley does not keep on the public now—I was there in August or September, 1876—I do not understand precious stones—I know paste imitation jewellery is made—I never dealt in it—I attended a public sale at Johnson's in Grace-church Street several times, and have bought jewellery and other things when I was out of work—I won't swear that I bought jewellery during the two months I was out of work, but I have bought looking-glasses and a rug—I went there principally to pass the time away—Mr. Lewis showed me some of the stolen articles at the police-court and asked me questions about them there—Mr. Danks promised me that I should not be prosecuted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-147" type="surname" value="TULLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-147" type="given" value="HECTOR"/>HECTOR TULLOCK</persName> </hi>. I am a major in the Royal Engineers—I reside at Folkestone—I deposited with Messrs. King and Co. the tin box produced in 1873—it contained trinkets and jewellery of different kinds—this chain bracelet in silver produced was among them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-148" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-148" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL MURRAY</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Dr. Guy of "Walthamstow—I took the place occupied by Fisher in the employ of King and Co.—I was there before he left and knew him and Draper—I went with the prisoner to Fisher's place and heard a conversation, but forget what it was about—Draper told me he went to Fisher's to get some money that Fisher owed him—I went with the prisoner on a second occasion to Fisher's place—Draper told me that he wanted to see Fisher to tell him that in
<lb/>quiries had been made about him—I went with Draper to the Mogul in Drury Lane—Draper drank with a man whom he afterwards told me was Mosedale—I also went to the Prince Albert in Hoxton Square with Draper—I have since learned that the man who kept that house was Oakley.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Mr. King accused mo of being able to give information about the robbery—he did not accuse me of stealing—I now hold a re
<lb/>spectable situation and have a good character—the Mogul is a Music Hall and Mosedale a comic singer—he sang a song that night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-149" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-149" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I reside at 43, Nicholas Street—the prisoner lodged with mo three years until he was arrested—Mason frequently came to see him and Fisher also within the last twelve months of his stay—the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100043"/>
<p>went away for about a fortnight in 1876—he did not tell me he was going—on his return I noticed that he had shaved and cut his hair very closely—this was in July—I scarcely knew him—I remember the prisoner telling me that a jewellery robbery had taken place at his employers' and every one was suspected and watched, but he said that I need not be alarmed, that he was not in the robbery, and of course the officers would find nothing there—the detectives came and searched his room—I afterwards found a pair of earrings in the dust when I was sweeping—I had previously shaken the beds up that day—these earrings produced are like them—I handed them to Sergeant Brett the same day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I got a letter from the prisoner before he came back to say he was coming—he usually left his rent-money on the mantelpiece, but this time he paid me on his return.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-150" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-150" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Davis, a decorator, of 5, James Street, Holloway—Mason lived at our house about twelve months before he was apprehended—the prisoner often came to see him and went into his room—they appeared to be intimate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not know what Mason was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-151" type="surname" value="WEIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-151" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WEIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am a porter in the employment of Mr. Wassail, 6, Motcomb Street, Belgrave Square—Fisher was also a porter there—the prisoner offered to sell me a pair of turquoise earrings about July or August last, similar to these produced—he wanted 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for them—Fisher was present.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-152" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-152" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HARVEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 39, Rutland Street, Mile End Road—I was formerly watchman to Messrs. King and Co.—I left through illness in 1876—the prisoner was employed there and had been for two years before I left—he left while I was ill—I used: to be there from six at night till about nine in the morning—I used to see to the fires—on two or three occasions I noticed about 8 o'clock in the morning that Mr. King's room door was closed—the porters used to come about 7.30—I have seen them talking together in the morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The door that I found closed was the one that led from the office to Mr. King's room—any one could easily have got out of Mr. King's room into White Lion Court by another door—I made no com
<lb/>plaint to Mr. King—I spoke to Fisher and he said it was in order not to let the dust in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-153" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-153" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FISHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>). I was present when the earrings produced were offered by Draper to Wright—I do not know where they came from—I never saw them before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-154" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-154" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MASON</persName> </hi>. I have been brought here from Pentonville Prison, where I am undergoing a sentence of 10 years' penal servitude for coining—I shall be 30 years of age on the 25th of February next—I was first convicted when between 16 and 17 years of age, and sentenced to six months' imprisonment—I was since sentenced to seven years, and served every hour—before I was last sentenced I was living at 5. James Street, St. George's Road, Holloway, and before that at 5, John Street—after my last conviction I made a statement and gave it to the Governor, in consequence of which Sergeant Brett came and asked me questions—I know the prisoner—I became acquainted with him at a beershop in Mary Street, Hoxton, which was kept by Thomas Jackson—about April, 1876, the prisoner spoke to me about jewellery, and in consequence of what ho said I met him at the corner of a street where his lodgings were,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100046"/>
<p>and went with him to his lodgings at 43, Nicholas Street, New North Road—the prisoner, in conversation, asked me how much I thought the jewellery which he showed me was worth—I told him about 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—each article was wrapped in tissue paper, and as I looked at them one by one he wrapped them up and put them away in a high hat—this was about 6.30 p.m.—the prisoner made an appointment before I left to meet him the next day in Bishopsgate Churchyard, and take the jewellery to a person who would buy it—he did not come—I went to his house to inquire about him—I met him at the corner and asked him why he did not keep his appointment—he said the jewellery was sold for 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—after I had been there some time I heard two knocks, and a man the prisoner called Mr. Fish came—that was the first time I saw Fisher—that is the man (
<hi rend="italic">pointing to—Fisher</hi>)—Fisher brought a brown-paper parcel—the prisoner opened it—it contained a great deal of silver plate and knives and forks and spoons—the prisoner asked me to take them away and try them, and I took them to Mr. Oakley's public-house in Hoxton—I sent Fisher and Draper round to a private door—I went through the bar, and Oakley and I let them in—I had been the day previously to Mr. Oakley—we all went to the concert room—two gold watches were shown to Oakley, but he and the prisoner could not come to terms as to the price—Oakley wished to buy the cases by weight, but Draper and Fisher would not allow the insides to be taken out—they asked 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for them—Oakley did not buy them, but they made an agreement that Oakley should give 60
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. an ounce for the gold, and 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for the silver—the prisoner then left Fisher and Oakley and me there, and went away and brought back the silver plate and jewellery that I had seen at his lodg
<lb/>ings—everything was sold but the watches—part of the money was paid that evening—Draper gave me two sovereigns—on that evening he also gave me two gold watches, an Albert with turquoise pendant, and a pair of earrings with drops set with turquoise, and 13 rings—I took them home—afterwards I sold them to a Hebrew I knew in Houndsditch for 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,—and 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for myself—I met Draper and Fisher at Oakley's in the evening, and gave them the 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—upon that evening they brought another parcel—it was opened and contained all descriptions of jewellery—there was one gold necklet—there was a coin larger than a sovereign, and they were seeing how many sovereigns this coin would weigh down, that is what made me notice it particularly—it was all sold to Oakley except the silver bracelets, which were given to me to pawn or sell, and get as much as I could for, as I said I could get more than Oakley would give by weight for them—my wife pawned the bracelets the next day, and I pawned the brooch—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are the two bracelets—I gave them to my wife or my sister, I cannot tell which, as I was tipsy—the brooch was set with the same stone—I took six rings from the prisoner that evening—we were both drunk, and I stole them from him—Fisher had gone home—I sold the rings to the same Jew who bought the watch—these are two of the rings (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), but I cannot say whether they are part of the 13 which were given to me to sell, or part of the six I stole—a few days afterwards I went to Oakley's again, and saw Draper, and told him I had pawned the bracelet and the brooch—he told me to tear up the tickets—I did so—the prisoner never told me where the things came from, but I believed it was somewhere near Cornhill—Draper told me that Fisher knew where the keys of a strong room were kept, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100047"/>
<p>that he used to get them and go into the strong room and ransack the boxes and seal them up again, and bring the property away with them—he said there was a lot of Indian bonds, and things that he could get a great deal of money for if he knew where to sell them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I only saw Fisher three times connected with, these transactions—I do not know Tommy Farnham, I never heard the name nor Teddy Mosedale—I know Dark Harry—I don't know his name—he lives by coining—I only knew him a few weeks—I met him at the Grapes public-house, Seven Dials, which was kept by a Mr. Willis—I am now in prison for coining; the last conviction, in July, 1865, was for burglary, and the other for entering a dwelling-house and stealing a cash-box——that is as much as is known to the police—I do not remember any other convictions—I had three reasons for giving evidence: I thought it was a public duty; I wished to lead a better life, and the best way was to begin by restitution as far as lay in my power; and I hoped they might abbreviate my sentence, so that I could get back-to my wife and children—I would not take to smashing again—I did not meet Dark Harry, nor Mosedale, nor Oakley, at Jackson's public-house—I have not heard the evidence in this case—I have seen my wife in the presence of the warder for about a quarter of an hour, or whatever is the time allowed—my evi
<lb/>dence at the police-court is correct—the Jew referred to was rather florid, like myself, and about 45 or 50 years of age—I have never described him to the police—I have never been asked—I only saw him in the street, never in a house—I sold the gold watches and rings for 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and, the bracelet and the brooch for 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—Draper told me to keep it—I said at the police-court "I was out one day with the prisoner and Dark Harry, and two other men whom I did not know; we were all together smashing." "We passed about 16 two-shilling pieces that day—we began about 12 o'clock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have seen my wife since my conviction only once in Newgate, besides to-day—the gaoler was present and could hear every word—I was a coiner, but I did not have the means, and Draper came to me; he had left King's and gone to another place in Bishopsgate Street, but he said he should not go back any more to work, and. we started the next day together—he bought the battery—I saw Mr. Lewis at the Guildhall after I had given my evidence, and I asked him to speak to Messrs. King about lessening my sentence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Besides the sentences mentioned in the book, I was once in custody for climbing a pear tree—my mother paid the fine and I was discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-155" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-155" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN MASON</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—my husband gave me these bracelets (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) to pledge, which I did, at Thompson's, Roman Road, Barnsbury—the duplicate was burnt—I have seen the prisoner Draper at our house, also at Jackson's, at the Crown, Mary Street, Hoxton, and at Oakley's, at the Prince Albert, in Hoxton Square—I took these rings to Beaumont's, in the Holloway Road—I sold this bracelet to my sister—my husband gave it to me—before my husband was arrested the prisoner came to our house, sometimes every day—I saw the prisoner afterwards and noticed that he was clean shaven.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew my husband lived by
<hi rend="italic">smashing</hi>—I knew he had had seven years, but I did not know his previous history—I cannot remember whether I or my husband burnt the duplicates—I do not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100048"/>
<p>give evidence to get my husband out of prison—I have never been in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I was subpÅ“naed—I was married in January, 1873—my husband was a mason—I have three children.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-156" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-156" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>WALTER HENRY MOORE</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Thompson, a pawn-broker, of the Roman Road, Barnsbury—these two silver bracelets were pawned at our shop by Mrs. Mason, on 6th January, 1876, for 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—they were redeemed on the 10th of August by Sergeant Brett.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-157" type="surname" value="FIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-157" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS FIELD</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Barman, of 193, Holloway Road, pawnbroker—these two rings were pawned with me, one on 9th December, 1876, and the other on 16th July, 1877, by a woman who gave the name of Mason—they were given up to Sergeant Brett.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-158" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-158" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Bawdon, a pawnbroker, of Barnsbury Road—this silver bracelet was pawned with me for 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., on 29th September, 1876, in the name of Ann Harris—it was given up to Sergeant Brett on 26th August last.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLE</hi>. These rings are gold, they are worth about three half-crowns.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-159" type="surname" value="BRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-159" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BRETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). I went to the prison and saw the convict Mason, who made a statement to me, in consequence of which I went to the pawnbrokers who have been called in this case, and redeemed the pledges—I found in each case the articles I was in search of—in con
<lb/>sequence of Mr. King's application I inspected the strong room at his premises—I found no marks of violence—I have a warrant out against Oakley—I believe he absconded the moment the prisoner was given into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have no warrant against Mosedale nor Farnham—I received information from Messrs. King in November, 1876—I watched the prisoner and others for some time before he left Messrs. King, which was in December, 1876—I have been in the country since the prisoner has been in custody—I received information from the gaol last August; I think about the 15th—I have not had the prisoner under my surveillance the whole of this year, a long way from it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Inward, an officer, watched the prisoner for me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-160" type="surname" value="INWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-160" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM INWARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). The information as to the robbery at Messrs. King's was communicated to the police in November, 1876—I was instructed to watch the prisoner, and I watched him occasionally to the middle of January—I saw him go to Oakley's on many occasions—I have also seen him with Mosedale, at the Mogul Music Hall, Drury Lane, with a man named Murray—I apprehended the prisoner on 16th October, in Nicholas Street, Hoxton, near his house—I said "Your name is Draper"—he said "It is"—I said I was a detective officer, and that he would be charged with stealing jewellery from Messrs. King's, of Cornhill, his recent employers—the prisoner said "Is Mr. King going to charge me?"—I said "He is"—He said "Do you think if I had stolen that quantity of jewellery I should have to work for 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. an hour?"—Dark Harry was convicted at this Court last Session, and sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment for uttering counterfeit coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I ascertained that the prisoner was working for the General Steam Navigation Company at 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. an hour—I have watched the prisoner—I went into a coffee-house where he was—I also went to Sidcup.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-101-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-101-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-101-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-101-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-101-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-101-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18771210 t18771210-101-punishment-23"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-102">
<interp inst="t18771210-102" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-102" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-102-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18771210 t18771210-102-offence-1 t18771210-102-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100049"/>
<p>102.
<persName id="def1-102-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-102-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18771210" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18771210" type="surname" value="HOOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18771210" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD HOOPER</hi> (35)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-102-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-102-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-102-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18771210-102-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-102-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-102-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> to Obtaining goods and money by false pretences—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-102-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-102-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-102-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18771210 t18771210-102-punishment-24"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, December</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1877.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Grove.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-103">
<interp inst="t18771210-103" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-103" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-103-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18771210 t18771210-103-offence-1 t18771210-103-verdict-1"/>
<p>103.
<persName id="def1-103-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-103-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18771210" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18771210" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18771210" type="given" value="GEORGE PALMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18771210" type="occupation" value="cabinet maker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE PALMER KING</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-103-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-103-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-103-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18771210-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-163" type="age" value="7"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-163" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-163" type="given" value="GEORGE EDWARD JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-103-offence-1 t18771210-name-163"/>George Edward John King</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAMPLYN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-164" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-164" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-164" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am a widow and live at 2, Jerusalem Court, Clerken
<lb/>well—the prisoner resided there till his apprehension—he came there in April last—he is a widower and had two children, the deceased, aged seven, and a girl about thirteen—the deceased was taken ill three or four weeks before its death—he had a cold and cough—he was confined to his bed the last fortnight, and got very much worse the last week—he would take no food; it was offered to him by the. prisoner, but he seemed quite unable to take it—no medical man was called in until the day of his death; the prisoner then sent me for one—I ought to have fetched him some hours before, but I was not very well—the prisoner knocked at my door about 8 in the morning and wished me to do so, but I did not until half-past—I then fetched Mr. Hunter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner was very fond of the child—he is a cabinet-maker, and went out to work about 8 every morning, after having breakfast with his children—he came back to dinner at 1, then went to work again, and came home about 8—the children were very well fed—they used to come and play with my children during the day, and some
<lb/>times brought their food and ate it with them—I have three at home—the prisoner gave the child two doses of castor-oil and a little magnesia and rhubarb—he asked my advice about it—a mustard-poultice was applied to the child twice—he gave it some fried sole, mutton broth, stewed eels, eggs and rice, sherry, and a little weak brandy and water—I told him the best thing was to keep the child up with plenty of food, and he did so—he gave the children too much rather than too little—on the day of its death it had two or three spoonfuls of weak brandy and water and a sponge-cake—he asked me while he was at work to look after the child, and frequently consulted me about it—it seemed to be getting better at one time shortly before its death.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-165" type="surname" value="HOTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-165" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN HOTTER</persName> </hi>. I am a licentiate of the faculty of physicians and surgeons—on 26th November, about 2 o'clock, I was called to the prisoner's house where I saw Mrs. Taylor, the deceased child, and a little girl—the child was then in a dying state, and it died within a few—, minutes—it was lying on a bed with hardly any clothing on it, simply a sheet and a very thin coverlet, and an old piece of coarse sacking—there was no fire—on a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination I found the body very badly nourished and very dirty—the internal organs were generally healthy, except the right lung, that was quite broken up, disorganised, a mass of corruption; the entire lung was in a state of gangrene—there was no trace of fat in the body—the cause of death was exhaustion from the gangrene—the gangrene was caused by inflammation of the lung which had not been attended to—it is impossible to say how long the child had been suffering from gangrene; I should say three or four days possibly;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100050"/>
<p>it might have set in very quickly—I think there is a very strong proba
<lb/>bility if the inflammation of the lung had been treated the life would have been saved; it is a disease which is amenable to treatment—I should say the child must have suffered very much to have been in the state it was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Gangrene is usually very rapid as a rule with children; a good deal would depend upon the weather, and the degree of comfort of the sufferer—a generous diet is a right thing in such a case—the brain was quite healthy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Pain would diminish as gangrene came on; an ignorant person might think that indicated an improvement.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-166" type="surname" value="FRANKLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-166" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FRANKLIN</persName> </hi>. I am a licentiate of the College of Physicians, and am senior churchwarden of Clerkenwell—I was present with Mr. Hunter at the
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination—I should say death had been accelerated by improper nourishment and want of food—the whole of the organs were emaciated, the right lung was broken down, the body was emaciated from cough and sputa—I should say the symptoms were such as would decidedly call for medical assistance—I consider that medical assistance would have saved the life.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> By "improper nourishment" I mean not sufficient nourishment, not administered in a proper way under judicious advice—gangrene involves loss of appetite, languor, and inability to move—it is very rapid in its effects.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-167" type="surname" value="EYRES"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-167" type="given" value="FREDERICK HENRY"/>FREDERICK HENRY EYRES</persName> </hi>. I am a cabinet-maker—the prisoner has been and is now in my employment—his wages vary from 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. weekly—he has been with me eight years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-103-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-103-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-103-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-104">
<interp inst="t18771210-104" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-104" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-104-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-104-18771210 t18771210-104-offence-1 t18771210-104-verdict-1"/>
<p>104.
<persName id="def1-104-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-104-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18771210" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18771210" type="surname" value="COATES"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18771210" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN COATES</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-104-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-104-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-104-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Feloniously carnally knowing and abusing
<persName id="t18771210-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-169" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-169" type="age" value="under 12"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-169" type="surname" value="PRINCE"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-169" type="given" value="GERTRUDE MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-104-offence-1 t18771210-name-169"/>Gertrude Mary Prince</persName>, a girl under the age of 12.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771210-104-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-104-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-104-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771210-104-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-104-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-104-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-104-18771210 t18771210-104-punishment-25"/>of the attempt—Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, December</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1877.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Manisty.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771210-105">
<interp inst="t18771210-105" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771210"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-105" type="date" value="18771210"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-105-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-105-18771210 t18771210-105-offence-1 t18771210-105-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-105-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-105-18771210 t18771210-105-offence-1 t18771210-105-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771210-105-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-105-18771210 t18771210-105-offence-1 t18771210-105-verdict-2"/>
<p>105.
<persName id="def1-105-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-105-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18771210" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18771210" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18771210" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ANDERSON</hi> (19)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-105-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-105-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-105-18771210" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-105-18771210" type="surname" value="MCGRATH"/>
<interp inst="def2-105-18771210" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH McGRATH</hi> (23)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def3-105-18771210" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-105-18771210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-105-18771210" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def3-105-18771210" type="surname" value="NEWBURY"/>
<interp inst="def3-105-18771210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM NEWBURY</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18771210-105-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771210-105-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-105-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Unlawfully wounding
<persName id="t18771210-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-173" type="surname" value="ILAKHDAR"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-173" type="given" value="AHMED IBU"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-105-offence-1 t18771210-name-173"/>Ahmed Ibu Ilakhdar</persName> and
<persName id="t18771210-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-174" type="surname" value="IBRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-174" type="given" value="ALI IBU"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771210-105-offence-1 t18771210-name-174"/>Ali Ibu Ibraham</persName>, and inflicting upon them actual bodily harm.
<hi rend="italic">Other counts</hi> for assaults.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Anderson.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-175" type="surname" value="ALI"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-175" type="given" value="SAID IBU"/>SAID IBU ALI</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">interpreted</hi>). I am a farmer, and am a native of Tunis—I had been to America—I came here in a steamer called the Greece—I arrived in London on Saturday, 22nd September—three other men from Tunis came with me: Ahmed Ibu Ilakhdar, Ali Ibu Ibraham, and Boomed Dein Ibu Ilakhdar—we went to the Strangers' Home, Limehouse Road—I was there on Monday, 24th—on that evening I and the other three men went out for a walk, between 7 and 8 o'clock—we were all sober—we went in hats, not in our
<hi rend="italic">fez</hi>—after we walked a short distance, about a minute and a half, some persons came and asked for some money, and began to look into our pockets, and then we were beaten, and some of us were struck by a staff—I saw Anderson strike Ahmed with his fist—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187712100051"/>
<p>I only saw him strike with his fists—there were seven people on the spot and one of them had a knife open in his hand—I saw another man with a stick—I saw all my companions struck to the ground; none of them had a knife—I ran away—when I got to the Home I saw my companions come home, and I took Boomed inside the Home.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>. Anderson struck with his fist, but Ahmed did not fall—Anderson had nothing in his hand; it was another man who had the stick and another man the knife—outside the house there were many people.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771210-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-176" type="surname" value="ILAKHDAR"/>
<interp inst="t18771210-name-176" type="given" value="AHMED IBU"/>AHMED IBU ILAKHDAR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">interpreted</hi>). I am a native of Tunis—I came to England once before this—on the night of September 1st I went out for a walk with my three companions—we were met by seven men—they asked us for money and we were obliged to get away from them, but they followed us—McGrath hit me with his fist three times, and then Anderson hit me—McGrath struck me on my cheek and forehead—there were seven men, but I can only tell two of them, as it was dark—my face was swollen, and I had
<hi rend="italic">to go to</hi> the hospital—I was wounded in three parts; here are the signs of it—McGrath caused those cuts—I can't exactly tell how, but I found blood going out from my cheek—I only recollect Anderson and McGrath—I went into a shop; I don't know the name of it—McGrath followed me in there, but I was quite safe in the shop—these injuries were inflicted after I left the shop—I left it because I thought I could escape—I did not see anything done to Ali or Boomed—I saw Boomed on the ground when I came out of the shop—I left him there, and went back to the Strangers' Home—I had no knife that night, nor had any of my companions.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>. Anderson struck me with his fist—there were seven in the beginning,. and many people followed us; and we were obliged to protect ourselves by going to the Strangers' Home.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by McGrath.</hi> You struck me three times when you were going away—you followed me nearly to the Home.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771210-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp