<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>OWDEN, MAYOR.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Vol. 87</p>
<p>Sess. I-VI</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Pursuant to an Order in Council of 23rd October, 1876, issued under the Winter Assize Act,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, November 19th, 1877, and following days,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
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<interp inst="t18771119-name-1" type="surname" value="OWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-1" type="given" value="THOMAS SCRAMBLER"/>THOMAS SCAMBLER OWDEN</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; The Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-2" type="surname" value="DENMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-2" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DENMAN</persName> </hi>, one of the Justices of the High Court of Justice, Queen's Bench Division; The Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-3" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-3" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAWKINS</persName> </hi>, Knt., one other of the Justices of the High Court of Justice (Exchequer Division); Sir
<persName id="t18771119-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-4" type="surname" value="GABRIEL"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-4" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS GARBIEL</hi> </persName>, Bart.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-5" type="surname" value="DAKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-5" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DAKIN</persName> </hi>, Sir,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-6" type="surname" value="LUSK"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-6" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>SIR ANDREW LUSK</persName> </hi>, Bart., M. P., Aldermen of the said City; The Eight Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-7" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-7" type="given" value="RUSSELL"/>RUSSELL GURNEY</persName> </hi>, Q. C., M.P., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<persName id="t18771119-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-8" type="surname" value="TRUSCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-8" type="given" value="FRANCIS WYATT"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS WYATT TRUSCOTT</hi> </persName>, Knt.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-9" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-9" type="given" value="HENRY EDMUND"/>HENRY EDMUND KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18771119-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-10" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-10" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., M.P., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18771119-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-11" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-11" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq., Judge of the Sheriff's Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
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<interp inst="t18771119-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-12" type="surname" value="NOTTAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-12" type="given" value="GEORGE SWAN"/>GEORGE SWAN NOTTAGE</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18771119-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-13" type="surname" value="STAPLES"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-13" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN STAPLES</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<persName id="t18771119-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-14" type="surname" value="CRAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-14" type="given" value="CHENEY HOMEWOOD"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHENEY HOMEWOOD CRAWFORD</hi> </persName>, Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-15" type="surname" value="MICKLEM"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-15" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MICKLEM</persName>, JUN</hi>., Esq.,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OWDEN, MAYOR. FIRST SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi>. (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of lad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, November</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1877,</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-1-18771119" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-18771119" type="surname" value="COLLETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-18771119" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN COLLETT</hi> (36)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">was indicted</hi>
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<interp inst="t18771119-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> for Unlawfully obtaining from
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<interp inst="t18771119-name-17" type="surname" value="AIREY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-17" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-1-offence-1 t18771119-name-17"/>John Airey</persName> an order for 80
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>—For making a false declaration of his solvency.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BAGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-18" type="surname" value="AIREY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-18" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN AIREY</persName> </hi>. I am a scrivener, at 57, Bishopsgate Street—on 24th January the prisoner, who is a farmer, and who had previously applied" to me for a loan of 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which I refused, came to me and said that the past winter had been very bad, and he required money to buy extra stock—I asked him the amount of his debts and liabilities—he said that hey did not exceed 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I told him he would have to make a declaration before a Commissioner, as he had done before, he agreed, and the form was filled up in my office—I then sent him with a clerk to a Commissioner—this is it—it was brought back to me signed—the body of it is my clerk's writing, and the signature is in the prisoner's.
<hi rend="italic">The defendant's promissory note was here put in, dated 29th January</hi>, 1877, for 133
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">payable by ten consecutive monthly instalments, the whole mount to become due immediately in default of any one payment. Also a bill for</hi> 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">dated the same day, to secure the payment of the</hi> 133?. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.) I then gave him this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) for 80?. and a receipt for 20?. more, which he owed me, making together 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I afterwards received notice. of the prisoner's petition for liquidation. (
<hi rend="italic">This was in the Oxford County court, dated May</hi>, 1877,
<hi rend="italic">and stating that his debts amounted to</hi> 1,100?.) I heard the defendant examined—he said that his debt to his sister, who sided with him, was out of date by the Statute of Limitations, being ore than six years old, but that he was not aware whether he had paid interest on it—a certificate that she was too old to attend was produced the police-court—he acknowledged that the bulk of his other debts had accrued before the end of last year—a bill of sale was given as collateral purity if the promissory note was not paid—that bill of sale has proved</p>
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<p>useless—he has not paid me any portion of the 80
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he paid me 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. but that was off a sum of 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. which was not concerned with this—he had (a further advance afterwards.)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have been a scrivener two years—I succeeded Mr. Muir—the prisoner lives at Stow-in-the-Wold; he is an innkeeper and farmer—the first amount was obtained from Mr. Muir and myself jointly there was an agreement between us, I do not know whether you call i' a partnership—the prisoner did not say that he was unable to pay me—I charged him 33
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for the transaction—I gave him the statutory declaration to read as I had done on previous occasions—it was my invariable rule—the matter did not require a solicitor, but I had a solicitor before I took out the summons for fraud at Oxford, Mr. Newton, of Moorgate Street—I swear that I believed Oxford was the proper place to take it out—I did not tell the prisoner I would have him up at the Old Bailey, or anything of the kind—I never saw him after the summons was taken out at Oxford—I do not know Mr. Higgins, the receiver under the bankruptcy—I remember the gentleman who was in possession—that is him—I did not say in his presence to the defendant "Unless you come to some arrangement I shall have you arrested and tried at the Old Bailey and make an example of you"—the defendant's sister has never been examined—I first, became acquainted with the defendant in March, 1876, when I took a transfer of Mr. Muir's portion of the business, and then I had the whole of the business—I said before the Magistrate "In March, 1876, I and Mr. Muir made an advance of 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid"—the 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was the consideration given for the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I also said "A bill of sale was given for the 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; a statutory declaration was then made; 180
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid off, leaving a balance of 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., that was the 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for which the receipt was given"—the 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was not an old affair, it was just due at the time—the prisoner asked me not to register the bill of sale and I said that I would not—before I went to see him in May he wrote to me, when he was in difficulties—I have not got the letter—he had paid me 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. before that, but that was upon another note—I went to see him on 3rd May, and he said that the Sheriff had seized his horses—I did not suggest that his brother should become security for him—I was the only dissenting creditor as far as I know—the declaration and the whole of the expenses were included in the 133
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and my two journeys to Oxford to see him, and everything else—the summons at Oxford was dismissed for want of jurisdiction; a person was sent to Oxford twice—Mr. Muir has no interest in it now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18771119-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-19" type="surname" value="BROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-19" type="given" value="THOMAS KEMP"/>THOMAS KEMP BROSS</persName> </hi>. I am Registrar of the Southwark County Court and a Commissioner of Oaths—this declaration was made in my presence by the person who signed it. (
<hi rend="italic">Tins was a declaration, signed by John Collett, that the furniture on his premises was his own property, and was unencumbered, and that his debts and liabilities did not exceed</hi> 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18771119-name-20" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLLAM JOHN WILDE</persName> </hi>. On 24th January I was clerk to Mr. Airey—I was present when the defendant called on Mr. Airey, who had refused by letter to lend him 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—Mr. Airey said that he would advance him 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the same security as before, and I filled up this declaration at Mr. Airey's request; it was then handed to the defendant to peruse, after which I went with him to Mr. Bross, who asked him his name, and whether the contents of the declaration were true—he said "Yes, quite true'"—I then returned with him to Mr. Airey's office,</p>
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<p>where the promissory note and bill of sale were filled up, and the defendant signed them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. AIREY</hi> does a pretty fair business in the money way—I was in Mr. Muir's employment over two years, he has nothing to do with it now; he left, and Mr. Airey took it—I have prepared a good many statutory declarations and do not want much dictation except as to the amounts—I did not go to Oxford to the defendant's farm, nor do I know which of the other clerks went—Mr. Airey went down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-21" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-21" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-21" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY BAKER</persName> </hi>. I am a widow living at Oxford—I have known the defendant about two years, and have lent him money—I lent him 90
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in December last, and he gave me this promissory note. (
<hi rend="italic">For</hi> 96
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">payable on demand</hi>.) This is his writing—on 3rd June I lent him 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on this other promissory note (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I have not received any of it back.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I said before the Magistrate "I voluntarily lent him the money, it was at my suggestion; I took the promissory note merely as a memorandum—I did not look upon it as a matter of business, but as a debt of honour."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I proved those debts in his bankruptcy, because when he came to grief I thought I might as well stand in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-22" type="surname" value="COLLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-22" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES COLLETT</persName> </hi>. I am a farmer, of Stowe, near Oxford—I proved in the bankruptcy for 40/. that was incurred, half in 1866 and half in 1867.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My brother had very great losses in cattle, and at Michaelmas, 1866, he buried 100 pigs—I did not say before the Magis
<lb/>trate that I had no intention of pressing him for the money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-23" type="surname" value="JORDAN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-23" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED JORDAN</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Morell, brewers, of Oxford—the defendant owed them over 250?. on 24th January, before which date a writ was issued, and 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid to our solicitors—the writ was issued before 24th January—I have the two bills.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The money was due on one bill of exchange—
<hi rend="italic">the</hi> original debt was 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. advanced, the rest was for goods delivered—I do not think the claim was statute barred in January, 1877—the original debt was 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on 20th November, 1870—he paid us 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on January 25th, and gave us two fresh acceptances for the balance—he has traded with the firm several years, but does not hold his public-house under the firm—when we sued him he had not given us information as to his position—we put in an execution for 159
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-24" type="surname" value="COLES"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-24" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY COLES</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to to Mr. Mallam, the defendant's solicitor—I paid 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to Messrs. Morrell's solicitor, and 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for costs, on account of the debt for which they were suing, and I gave two fresh bills for the balance.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-25" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-25" type="given" value="GEORGE CARRETT"/>GEORGE CARRETT HOLMES</persName> </hi>. I represent Mr. John Blake, trading as Shillifer and Blake, wine and spirit merchants—at Christmas, 1876, the defendant contracted a debt with me for 29
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd, which he has not paid.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-26" type="surname" value="NOTON"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-26" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS NOTON</persName> </hi>. I am the solicitor to the prosecution, and carry on business at 12, Great Swan Alley—I attended the defendant's examina
<lb/>tion in bankruptcy and cross-examined him, and made some notes of his answers at the time—I cross-examined him as to the debts; I asked him first about Mr. Larnam; who he said was a creditor for 39
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., or something of that sort, and he said that it had accrued the previous year—I think I asked him as to his debt to his sister, Mary Collett, and he said that it</p>
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<p>was money lent in 1869—I then asked Mm about Mallow's Trustees, and he told me he had been served with a writ about a week before he bor
<lb/>rowed the money of Mr. Airey—I then asked him as to his sister Sophia Collett, and about 185
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. which he said had been incurred some time, and that he paid the previous year some interest on account—I asked him about the debt of his other relatives—he said that they had been incurred some time before, and he was quite positive he had never said that they were presents and not loans—then I cross-examined him as to some money which he had banked, and as to what had become of his furniture.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> About one-third of the bills of credit are realised—I have been a practising solicitor for ten years—I took the summons out at Oxford, because I heard it was a criminal business, and I was under the impression that Oxford was the proper place—it is only the second criminal matter I have had—I neglected to inquire whether the money was paid in London or not—the only time I saw Mr. Mallam was when I went to meet him at his office—I said nothing about settling the matter then, or at the meeting.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<persName id="def1-2-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-2-18771119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-18771119" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-18771119" type="surname" value="DEARLOVE"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-18771119" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN DEARLOVE</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-28" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-28" type="surname" value="SADLER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-28" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN SADLER</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Pearson Arms, Kingsland Road—on 6th September the prisoner came in and asked for some gin, which came to 3 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she tendered in payment a bad half-crown—I put it in the detector and bent it and gave it to Mr. Stokes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It was a very bad one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-29" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-29" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN STOKES</persName> </hi>. Sadler gave me this half-crown—I asked the prisoner where she got it from—she said she was an unfortunate, and a man had given it to her at a coffee-shop over the water—I said that would not do for me, she must give me her name and address—she refused—she was taken to the station—no more bad money was found upon her—she afterwards gave some name which I forget.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-30" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-30" type="surname" value="SABBERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-30" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA SABBERTON</persName> </hi>. My father keeps the Feathers Tavern, in Feather
<lb/>stone Street, St. Luke's—I serve in the bar—on 30th October the prisoner came and had a glass of bitter and a halfpenny pancake, which came to 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she laid down a half-crown—I showed it to my father, who put it in the till—when the prisoner left I took it out, there was no other there; we found it was bad—I had seen the prisoner about seven weeks before, when she also passed a bad half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not serve her then, my mother did—she is since dead.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-31" type="surname" value="SABBERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-31" type="given" value="WM JAMES"/>WM. JAMES SABBERTON</persName> </hi>. My daughter gave me the half-crown—I sent for a constable and gave the prisoner into custody—prior to that we had taken three bad half-crowns.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-32" type="surname" value="ALLDAY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-32" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ALLDAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective G</hi>). The prisoner was given into my custody—she refused her name and address—I received these three half-crowns from Mr. Sabberton.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-33" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-33" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are bad, and all three from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">She also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction of uttering in August</hi>, 1872—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-2-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-18771119 t18771119-2-punishment-1"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-3">
<interp inst="t18771119-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-3" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-3-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18771119 t18771119-3-offence-1 t18771119-3-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-3-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-3-18771119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-18771119" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-18771119" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-18771119" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA WILSON</hi> (22)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">was indicted for</hi>
<rs id="t18771119-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> A like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190007"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-35" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-35" type="surname" value="GWYER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-35" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH GWYER</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant at the post-office in Russell's Gardens, Kensington—on 26th October the prisoner came and asked for 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—worth of stamps, and tendered a half-crown, a florin, and one shilling—the florin was bad—I told her so, and gave it her back, and she gave me a good one and left—my sister, Mrs. Bailey, spoke to George Yates; he went out and brought the prisoner back—I asked her to show me the florin she had given me—she said she had thrown it away—I had fre
<lb/>quently seen her before, coming for stamps, and we always found bad money when she left—I asked her how she came by this two shilling piece—she said she had changed a sovereign—I asked where, and she objected to tell me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-36" type="surname" value="YATES"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-36" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE YATES</persName> </hi>. I am assistant at this post-office—I followed the prisoner—Mrs. Bailey pointed her out—she stopped and dropped some
<lb/>thing down a grating—I asked her to come back to the post-office—at first she said "I don't know that I shall," but afterwards she did—I pointed out the grating to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-37" type="surname" value="SIBLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-37" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FEEDEEICK SIBLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 178). I was called to the post-office and saw the prisoner there—I asked her to produce the two shilling piece she had tendered—she said she had thrown it away—I said "Then you knew it was bad"—she said she did not—I said "Then you may have thrown away a good two shilling, piece"—she said "For all I know"—I said "Come with me and show me where you have thrown it, if it is good there will be an end of the matter"—she said "I decline to do so "—I said "Will you tell me where you have thrown. it?"—she said "No; I have thrown it away, and that is sufficient—I had just got change of a sovereign, and I suppose I took it then"—I asked her where she changed the sovereign—she made no answer—I took her to the station—Yates pointed out the grating to me—I saw it searched, and this two shilling piece found.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-38" type="surname" value="GODSMARK"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-38" type="given" value="FANNY"/>FANNY GODSMARK</persName> </hi>. I assist my mother, a linendraper, at 4, Russell Gardens—I have frequently seen the prisoner at our shop—about three months ago I served her with a reel of cotton, for which she tendered a bad florin—I returned it to her, and she gave me a good one—she said she had got it in change of a sovereign—on former occasions when she has been we have found bad money in the till.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-39" type="surname" value="WYNNE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-39" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WYNNE</persName> </hi>. I am a draper in Park Road, Clapham—on 13th Sep
<lb/>tember the prisoner came for a reel of cotton, and tendered a bad florin—I told her it was so, and said she was very like the person who had passed bad coin before—she said she did not know it was bad, and ten
<lb/>dered a good half-sovereign—I sent for a policeman, and gave her in custody—she was taken before a Magistrate, remanded, and discharged—I gave Lewis, the policeman, the florin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-40" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-40" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS LEWIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman W</hi> 119). I received the prisoner in custody with the florin—she said she had received it from a gentleman, who gave her 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to go with him to a coffee-shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-41" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-41" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-41" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I searched the prisoner at Kensington station, and found on her sixty postage stamps, two halfcrowns, and sixpence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-42" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-42" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two florins are bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">She also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> to
<hi rend="italic">previous conviction of felony in July</hi>, 1875.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-3-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18771119 t18771119-3-punishment-2"/>Five Year Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The following Prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>:—</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-4">
<interp inst="t18771119-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-4" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-4-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-18771119 t18771119-4-offence-1 t18771119-4-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-4-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18771119" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18771119" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18771119" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HOWARD</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771119-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>,
<hi rend="italic">to two indictments for</hi> Burglary, one on the night of
<rs id="t18771119-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-4-offence-1 t18771119-cd-1"/>13th October</rs>, in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18771119-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-44" type="surname" value="KEATES"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-44" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-4-offence-1 t18771119-name-44"/>Frederick William Keates</persName>, and stealing 43
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., twenty knives, and other goods; and the other on
<rs id="t18771119-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-4-offence-1 t18771119-cd-2"/>19th October</rs>, in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18771119-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-45" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-45" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-4-offence-1 t18771119-name-45"/>Frederick Andrews</persName>, and stealing 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">having been before convicted of felony</hi></rs>**
<rs id="t18771119-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-4-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-18771119 t18771119-4-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">'Eight Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-5">
<interp inst="t18771119-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-5" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-5-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-18771119 t18771119-5-offence-1 t18771119-5-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-5-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-5-18771119 t18771119-5-offence-1 t18771119-5-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190008"/>
<persName id="def1-5-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18771119" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18771119" type="surname" value="BEEBY"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18771119" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18771119" type="occupation" value="employed in post-office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BEEBY</hi> (15)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-5-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-5-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-18771119" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-18771119" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-18771119" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def2-5-18771119" type="occupation" value="employed in post-office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JOHN JOHNSON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771119-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to Stealing, whilst employed in the Post-office, certain post-letters, the property of the
<persName id="t18771119-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-48" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-5-offence-1 t18771119-name-48"/>Postmaster-General</persName></rs>
<rs id="t18771119-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-18771119 t18771119-5-punishment-4"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-5-18771119 t18771119-5-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude each.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-6">
<interp inst="t18771119-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-6" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18771119 t18771119-6-offence-1 t18771119-6-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-6-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18771119" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18771119" type="surname" value="BAXTEE"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18771119" type="given" value="WILLIAM ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ROBERT BAXTER</hi> (48)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771119-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>,
<hi rend="italic">to two indictments for</hi> Forging and uttering acceptances to two bills of exchange for 41
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and 74
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18771119-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18771119 t18771119-6-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-7">
<interp inst="t18771119-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-7" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-18771119 t18771119-7-offence-1 t18771119-7-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-7-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18771119" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18771119" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18771119" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WILLIAM KNIGHT</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771119-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to Stealing ninety-one yards of silk;
<hi rend="italic">also to</hi> Stealing three ladies' jackets, five ostrich feathers, and other property of
<persName id="t18771119-name-51" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-51" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-51" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-7-offence-1 t18771119-name-51"/>Thomas Brown</persName>, his master—</rs>
<rs id="t18771119-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-18771119 t18771119-7-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-8">
<interp inst="t18771119-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-8" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18771119 t18771119-8-offence-1 t18771119-8-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-8-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-18771119 t18771119-8-offence-1 t18771119-8-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-8-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18771119" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18771119" type="surname" value="TULL"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18771119" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY TULL</hi> (19)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-8-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-8-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-18771119" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-18771119" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-8-18771119" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WESTON</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771119-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to Forging and uttering five requests for the delivery of goods with intent to defraud; </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WESTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">having been convicted of felony in June last</hi>.—
<hi rend="largeCaps">WESTON</hi>
<rs id="t18771119-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-8-18771119 t18771119-8-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">TULL</hi>
<rs id="t18771119-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-8-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18771119 t18771119-8-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Month' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-9">
<interp inst="t18771119-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-9" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-18771119 t18771119-9-offence-1 t18771119-9-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-9-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18771119" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18771119" type="surname" value="SNEEZUM"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18771119" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WILLIAM SNEEZUM</hi> (14)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to Forging and uttering an order for the payment of 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. with intent to defraud—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771119-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-9-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-18771119 t18771119-9-punishment-9"/>Judgment Respited</rs>. (See half-yearly Index</hi>.)</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, November</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1877.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18771119-name-55" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-55" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-55" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm Kerr</persName>, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-10">
<interp inst="t18771119-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-10" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18771119 t18771119-10-offence-1 t18771119-10-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-10-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-10-18771119 t18771119-10-offence-1 t18771119-10-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-10-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-10-18771119 t18771119-10-offence-1 t18771119-10-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-10-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18771119" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18771119" type="surname" value="WILDSMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18771119" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WILDSMITH</hi> (34)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-10-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-10-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-10-18771119" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-10-18771119" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def2-10-18771119" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEO. KNIGHT</hi> (24)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def3-10-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-10-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-10-18771119" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def3-10-18771119" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="def3-10-18771119" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES STOKES</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Knight, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. B. KELBY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Stokes.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-59" type="surname" value="PRATT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-59" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PRATT</persName> </hi>. I keep the Perseverance beerhouse, Ironmonger Lane—on 30th October the prisoners came in, and Knight ordered a pot of stout and mild, and gave me a florin—I put it in the till—there was no other florin there—I gave him the change, and then he asked for twopennyworth of bread and cheese, and paid in copper—Knight then ordered another pot of stout and mild, and paid with another florin, which I found was bad—I then took the first florin from the till and put the two together under the counter, gave him the change, and sent for a constable—Knight was going, and I told him I wanted to speak to him, and I put the bolt down—he said "What do you want?"—I said "You have been passing bad money"—he made for the door—I took him by the collar, and he dragged me outside and threw me down—I gave him in custody with the florins—the prisoners all drank out of the same pot.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wildsmith</hi>. You had some bread and cheese, which Knight paid for—you said that it was not the first time you had been at a police-court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>. No one was serving but me—I am sure Knight called for the second pot; that is as correct as the rest of my evidence—I do not believe. I have said that Wildsmith called for the second pot—I did not find Knight's discharge from the Army on him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KELLY</hi>. The prisoners all came in together—I saw one of them leave before I struggled with Knight—they drank by them
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190009"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-60" type="surname" value="HEDGES"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-60" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HEDGES</persName> </hi>. I live at 166, Shepherd's Walk—I was in Mr. Pratt's beerhouse, and saw the prisoners and two others—they called for beer, and a florin—was tendered—after that Knight paid twopence for some bread and cheese with two pence; more drink was then served—I saw a florin on the counter, but do not know who put it down—Knight took up the change, and was going out, but the landlord took him on one side; he threw the landlord on the floor, and tried to rush out of the house—I assisted the landlord, and the prisoner was given in charge——he took something from his pocket wrapped in newspaper, which he handed to Stokes, who put it in his pocket; but a piece of paper and a florin fell on the floor, which Dampierre picked up—Stokes disappeared—I saw Wildsmith drinking out of the same pot with the others.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wildsmith</hi>. You were eating bread and cheese—you never went out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>. Five or six other people were there—the landlord bolted the door before Knight caught hold of him—the struggle was outside.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KELLY</hi>. There was a considerable commotion, pushing Knight back—that was after he bolted him in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-61" type="surname" value="DAMPIERRE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-61" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DAMPIERRE</persName> </hi>. I was in this beerhouse, and saw the landlord touch Knight on the shoulder and call him into the private bar—he then said I have sent for a constable to lock you up for passing bad money," and he put the bolt down—Knight tripped him up, got hold of the bottom bolt, pulled it up, and rushed out, but the landlord held on to him—Stokes rushed out on the other side, and when Knight was stopped he gave Stokes a—round packet wrapped in newspaper—Stokes put it in his pocket, and in his hurry to abstract his hand he pulled out a piece of the paper and a florin with it, which I picked up and gave it to Boyden.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-62" type="surname" value="BOYDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-62" type="given" value="CHAS"/>CHAS. BOYDEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 32
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). On 30th Oct., about 1.30, I saw a crowd, and a number of people struggling with Mr. Pratt, who gave Knight into my custody for passing bad money—I went inside with him, and saw these two florins, and at the station Dampierre gave me this other florin—I found on Knight twenty-four shillings, three sixpences, and three shillings and twopence-halfpenny in copper.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KELLY</hi>. I have made inquiries about Stokes, but cannot find out anything about him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-63" type="surname" value="MARONEY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-63" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN MARONEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective G</hi>). On 30th Oct. Mr. Pratt gave Wild
<lb/>smith into my charge for being concerned with others in passing bad money—he said that Knight never passed a florin, only a good shilling—I found nothing on him—I afterwards took Stakes—he said that he-had not been in the beer shop since nine that morning, and did not know what I meant.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Wildsmith</hi>. I did not ask you who paid for the beer, nor did you say that you did not know, but that Knight paid for the bread and cheese—you told me you had been in the telegraph-office taking a message, but I did not go there—I found nothing on you but a knife, but another officer found on you twopence and a telegraph envelope.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KELLY</hi>. I have made inquiries and find that Stokes is employed in Birmingham, on one of the boats of the Grand Junction Canal—I apprehended him on the wharf, and I went on board</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190010"/>
<p>his boat, but found nothing there—he came off the boat when I sent for him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-64" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am employed by the Mint—these florins are all bad; the two passed by Knight are from different moulds, but one of them is from the same mould as the one picked up.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners' Statements before the Magistrate. Wildsmith says</hi>: "I was out on a messsage for my master and met the others; they asked me to have a drink, and I went in; I know nothing of anything else."
<hi rend="italic">Knight says</hi>: "I went into the public-house. The first drink was paid for before I went in; I never paid anything but two penny pieces."
<hi rend="italic">Wildsmith says</hi>: "I wish to call my master, but he is not here; a telegram was received from Birmingham asking for a reply, and the envelope was in my pocket. I took the message to Shepherdess Walk, City Road, and in returning met these prisoners. I said to Stokes 'Don't be away long; I shall have to unload your boat this afternoon,' He asked me to have some drink, which I did, and I had some bread and cheese, but I never saw any money pass. I am employed by Anderson and Kerr, and have worked for the Grand Junction Canal Company sixteen years. I complain that the officer did not go to the telegraph-office to make inquiries."</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILDSMITH</hi>
<rs id="t18771119-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">KNIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STOKES</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-10-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-10-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-10-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-10-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-10-18771119 t18771119-10-punishment-10"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-10-18771119 t18771119-10-punishment-10"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-11">
<interp inst="t18771119-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-11" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18771119 t18771119-11-offence-1 t18771119-11-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-11-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18771119" type="surname" value="BYFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18771119" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER BYFIELD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18771119-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> (), Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-66" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-66" type="given" value="SIDNEY JOHN"/>SIDNEY JOHN BAKER</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Grapes, Fore Street—on 12th October, between one and two o'clock I served the prisoner with a half bottle of seltzer; he tendered a bad half-crown—I put it back on the counter; he picked it up, put down 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and walked out—I am sure it was bad—I put it between my teeth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-67" type="surname" value="WEINGOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-67" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL WEINGOTT</persName> </hi>. On 19th October the prisoner came into my shop in Fleet Street for a 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. cigar, and offered me a bad half-crown. I returned it, and he gave me a good one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-68" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-68" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS COX</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Harvey, a fishmonger, of Fleet Street—on 23rd October the prisoner tendered a bad half-crown for a glass of' stout—I handed it to my employer, who put it aside—the prisoner drank the stout and walked out, but was brought back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-69" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-69" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HARVEY</persName> </hi>. My father is a fishmonger of 55, Fleet Street—I saw the prisoner put down a half-crown—Cox took it up and handed it to me, and I handed it to the barman—soon after the prisoner had left we found that it was bad, and I went after him and found him just opposite Shoe Lane—I asked him what he meant by it, gave him the bad coin, and he gave me a good one for it—I took him back to the shop and gave him in charge—the constable afterwards showed me a bad half-crown which I identified as the one I gave to the prisoner—the prisoner said that he must have taken it in mistake—he brought out 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and said that he had no more bad money.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. There was no more money where I put the bad half-crown—I told you in the shop that it was bad, but I did not find it out till three minutes after you had. the change.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-70" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-70" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Edwards, a cheesemonger, of Farringdon Street—I was in Mr. Harvey's shop with a basket on my arm—as the prisoner left the shop with the constable, I felt somebody</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190011"/>
<p>touch my basket, heard something jingle, and found a bad half-crown—I ran after the constable and gave it to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-71" type="surname" value="LAMMIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-71" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR LAMMIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 433). I was in Fleet Street, and saw Harvey take hold of the prisoner—I went across to them, and saw a-half-crown in the footway close to where the prisoner was standing—I picked it up—this is it—I took the prisoner back to the shop and Mr. Harvey charged him—I searched him at the station; and found two good. half-crowns, a florin, and 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I received these bad half-crowns from Edwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-72" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-72" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two; half-crowns are bad, and from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-11-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18771119 t18771119-11-punishment-11"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-12">
<interp inst="t18771119-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-12" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-18771119 t18771119-12-offence-1 t18771119-12-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-12-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18771119" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18771119" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18771119" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM MORGAN</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-74" type="surname" value="LESTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-74" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES LESTER</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Carpenters' Arms, King's Cross—on 16th October, between 8 and 9 p.m., the prisoner and another man. came in—I drew them a pot of stout, for which the other man paid in. copper—I saw them changing money about, and then they changed 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. worth of copper over the bar for silver—the prisoner then called for two
<lb/>penny worth of gin, and put down a bad florin—Ebbs took it up, bent it, and gave it back—the prisoner took it up and pretended to have dropped something and to be intoxicated, which he was not—he then paid with a shilling—I spoke to a policeman in private clothes who was there, but before that I saw the prisoner pass a florin to the other man, who walked out, but the prisoner remained leaning on the railings pretending to be drunk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. The penalty for serving drunken persons-has no influence upon my evidence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-75" type="surname" value="EBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-75" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EBBS</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Carpenters' Arms—on 16th October the prisoner came in. with another man and a female—I served him with two-pennyworth of gin, he gave me a florin, I bent it and told him it was bad—he took it up, gave me a shilling, and I gave him ten pence change—he appeared to be drunk—he put his hand down as if he had dropped something close to the other man—the other two went out first, and then the prisoner went out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-76" type="surname" value="WIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-76" type="given" value="KATE"/>KATE WIGGINS</persName> </hi>. I am, barmaid at the Swan and Horse-shoe, Gray's Inn Lane—on 16th October about 9.30, the prisoner came in for two-pennyworth of gin, he did not appear sober, and I refused to serve him—he then had some seltzer water, and gave me a florin—I put it in the. till where there was no other florin, and gave him the change—Anderson. came in, I looked in the till, found the florin was bad, and gave it to him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> No one also had access to the till either to clear it or to put money in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-77" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-77" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ANDERSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 281). On 16th October I was in the Carpenters' Arms in plain clothes; and Lester called my attention to the prisoner and another man and a female—I saw the prisoner put a florin on the counter, and. saw Ebbs bend it and go out—the woman went out first and the prisoner followed and stood at the corner of the street ten minutes; he then joined the other two, and they went towards the Swan and Horse-shoe—the prisoner walked as straight as I die, he was,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190012"/>
<p>perfectly sober—I went to the Swan and Horse-shoe, where Kate Wiggins gave me a florin—I then went out, walked along the road, and saw the prisoner coming from the direction of Holborn—I told him I should take him in custody—he said, "You won't, you are no policeman, and I won't be
<hi rend="italic">took</hi> by you"—he resisted, until I got the assistance of a man in uniform, and then he went quietly to the Swan and Horse-shoe, where Kate Wiggins charged him—I found on him two shillings, five sixpences, eightpence, and some post cards.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not show you my warrant card because you pre
<lb/>tended to be drunk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-78" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-78" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad florin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I met a man who I knew, with his wife, drank with them, and sold him a ring and received the florin from him—I had no knowledge that it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-79" type="surname" value="EBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-79" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EBBS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I bent the florin I took.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-80" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-80" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). This florin has been bent and straightened again.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-12-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-18771119 t18771119-12-punishment-12"/>Eighteen Month' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-13">
<interp inst="t18771119-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-13" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-18771119 t18771119-13-offence-1 t18771119-13-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-13-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18771119" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18771119" type="surname" value="WELHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18771119" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WELHAM</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-82" type="surname" value="GENTLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-82" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE GENTLEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant at the Refreshment Rooms, King's Cross station—on 26th October, at 6 p.m., I served the prisoner with half a pint of ale—he gave me a shilling, I told him it was bad, he offered me another—which I did not take—he said that I had made a mis
<lb/>take—I said "No, I have seen you here before" (he had offered me a bad florin about a fortnight before, which I returned to him)—I gave it to Hollis.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I know that the former occasion was in the middle of September—I did not take a good shilling from you, because you did not have the beer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-83" type="surname" value="DYMOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-83" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY DYMOTT</persName> </hi>. I assist at the refreshment bar at King's Cross—about a fortnight before 27th October I saw the prisoner tender a bad florin—he then had a red handkerchief over his eye—I handed the florin back to him, told him it was bad, and he gave me a good one for it—a fortnight afterwards he came in again for half a pint of beer and tendered a bad florin—I gave it him back—he had a black eye at that time—I told him he had given me one previously—he said that I had made a mistake but I have no doubt about him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not swear at the police court that I could not swear whether it was three years or three months since I saw you—I did not swear that you had the red handkerchief on the second occasion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-84" type="surname" value="ARNOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-84" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ARNOTT</persName> </hi>. I am a passenger guard on the Great Northern Rail
<lb/>way—on 10th October, about 4 o'clock, I was in the refreshment-room and saw the last witness serve the prisoner—he tendered a florin—she re
<lb/>turned it and said that it was bad.—I had seen him the previous night on the platform, and he was ordered off the station by one of our men.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I knew by the sound that it was bad, and by its look, as it laid at your feet—it had a heavy leaden sound.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-85" type="surname" value="HOLLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-85" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HOLLIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Railway Detective</hi>). On Saturday, 27th October, I was called to the King's Cross refreshment bar and found the prisoner there—the witness Gentleman said "This man has tendered me a bad shilling"—he said, that it was a mistake—she said "I have seen him twice before,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190013"/>
<p>and on each occasion he has tendered bad money"—the prisoner again said "It is a mistake"—I said "You hear what Miss Gentleman says, you will have to come with me to the police-office," and he did so—he gave his name "George Williams" first, and afterwards "Walham."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> You did not say that you were going to Barnet—you said that you had come to meet a friend from Barnet, and I told you were on the wrong side.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-86" type="surname" value="GRIFFIN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-86" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GRIFFIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 73). On 27th October the. prisoner was given into my custody, and I found on him two good shillings and 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze—Hollis gave me a bad shilling and I asked the prisoner if it was his—he said "Yes"—he gave his name George "Walham—he said "They are a lot of
<hi rend="italic">mugs</hi> at the station: they did not see me throw
<hi rend="italic">them</hi> four or five counterfeits away; why did not they
<hi rend="italic">collar</hi> the other who had the
<hi rend="italic">swag</hi> with them? I know how to get on with
<hi rend="italic">them</hi> things, I have been in the P Division myself. I have had more of these cases than you have before you were born"—it is true that he was in the police.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. That is all make up. I did not say twenty words to you.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. Yes, you did; another man was with me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-87" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-87" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAII WEBSTEE</persName> </hi>. This shilling is bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his defence, denied knowing that the shilling teas bad, and stated that the policeman ought to be tried for perjury.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-13-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-18771119 t18771119-13-punishment-13"/>Two Tears' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-14">
<interp inst="t18771119-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-14" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18771119 t18771119-14-offence-1 t18771119-14-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-14-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-14-18771119 t18771119-14-offence-1 t18771119-14-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-14-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18771119" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18771119" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18771119" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BROOKS</hi> (53)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-14-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-14-18771119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-14-18771119" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def2-14-18771119" type="surname" value="WEEKS"/>
<interp inst="def2-14-18771119" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN WEEKS</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin, </rs>
<hi rend="italic">to which</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROOKS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-90" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-90" type="given" value="WM"/>WM. PEARCE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B</hi> 430). On 20th October I was outside the Admiral Keppel public-house and saw Weeks go in—I followed her, and saw a bad sixpence taken out of one of the tills—Weeks went out and crossed over to Brooks and another man, to whom she gave something which she had in her left hand—she put it in his coat-pocket—I was" in uniform—they looked across, saw me, and hurried off—I followed them 200 yards and saw Brooks go into the Hour Glass, Fulham Road—I went in and saw him put down a coin and receive four or five pieces in change—Weeks and the man went round a dark corner and waited for him—I ran in and asked the landlady to look in the till, which she did, and took a bad sixpence from the top—I followed the prisoners—they noticed me, and the other man darted off—I took the prisoners, one with each hand, and saw Weeks put her hand in her pocket and throw away something, and one coin which fell on the pavement was picked up and given to me—I took the prisoners back to the public-house, but the barmaid failed to identify them—Brooks said that he was merely buying a box of lights of Weeks—I produce three coins; one I received from Mrs. Emerton, one from the Admiral Keppel, and the third Weeks threw away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-91" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-91" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-91" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE MAY</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Alford May, a tobacconist, of Marl
<lb/>borough Road, Chelsea—on 20th October Weeks came in and tendered me a lion sixpence for a newspaper—I told her I could not take it and she took it away—ten minutes or a quarter of an hour afterwards Brooks came in for Lloyd's paper, and laid down a coin—I said "A woman has been in just now with that coin"—he used a bad expression and walked</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190014"/>
<p>out, taking the coin—I had seen Weeks in our other shop twice before, when she tendered something resembling a sixpence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-92" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-92" type="given" value="ALFORD"/>ALFORD MAY</persName> </hi>. I am the husband of the last witness—on 20th October I saw Brooks leaving my shop—I saw him join Weeks and a man not in custody—I have seen him in my other shop, when he tendered an imita
<lb/>tion sixpence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-93" type="surname" value="EMERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-93" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>HANNAH EMERTON</persName> </hi>. I live at the Hour Glass, Fulham Road—on 20th October a policeman came in, and from what he said I looked in the till and found this bad sixpence—I can almost swear to it, because the policeman bent it—I gave it to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-94" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-94" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins have been made for whist-markers—they are very like a sixpence; it is called a lion sixpence, but there is no lion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-14-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-14-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-14-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-14-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18771119 t18771119-14-punishment-14"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-14-18771119 t18771119-14-punishment-14"/>Six Months' Imprisonment each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-15">
<interp inst="t18771119-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-15" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-18771119 t18771119-15-offence-1 t18771119-15-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-15-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18771119" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18771119" type="surname" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18771119" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SOLOMON BENJAMIN</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an order for the delivery of a cheque-book, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PURCE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-96" type="surname" value="GREY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-96" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GREY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk to Glyn, Mills, and Co.—on 10th Septem
<lb/>ber the prisoner came and asked for Benjamin and Co.'s pass-book, who have an account there—I gave it to him—this is it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. We have another customer named Benjamin—I see nothing in the book to make me be have it has not been in the hands of the rightful owner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. This is the pass-book of Benjamin and Co., of 349, Hackney Road—the other customer is Benjamin Brothers, and I believe there is also H. Benjamin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-97" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-97" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-97" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am stopping with my brother at the Lord Auckland—in September I advertised for a situation as housekeeper, and got an answer requesting me to go to 438, Hackney Road—I got there about eleven o'clock, and saw the prisoner waiting on the pavement—he said that I was late, and he was in a hurry to go to the City, and was going to hail the next omnibus, and would talk to me on the way—an omnibus came up and I got inside, and he got outside—we went into the City, and got out near the Peabody statue—the prisoner took me to a post-office and asked me what wages I wanted, and my name—he then gave me a parcel about the size of this book, and asked me to take it to 67, Lom
<lb/>bard Street—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the cover of it—he asked me for the post-card he had sent me, and I gave it to him—I was to bring an answer back to him at 438, Hackney Road, at twelve o'clock, which I agreed to do—I left him and took the parcel to the bank—it was brought to me opened, and I saw the letter in it—I gave full particulars, and after
<lb/>wards went with the officer Spital, in plain clothes, to meet the prisoner in the Hackney Road—I saw him there where I had seen him before—when he saw me with a constable he ran down a street but was stopped—I had never seen him before, but am sure he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We went in a cab part of the way—I did not see you at first when I got out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-98" type="surname" value="BLAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-98" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BLAKE</persName> </hi>. I am messenger to Glyn, Mills, and Co., of Lombard Street—on 11th September the last witness came there and gave me a parcel in this cover—I took it to the corresponding clerk, who opened it in my presence—it contained a note and this pass-book—I took it to Mr. Thompson, one of our managers.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190015"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-99" type="surname" value="BALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-99" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BALLARD</persName> </hi>. I am corresponding clerk to Glyn, Mills, and Co.—Blake brought me this parcel; it contained this book and letter "237, Hackney Road. Gentlemen, deliver to bearer a small cheque-book for domestic use.—Benjamin and Co." I did not know the general signature of Benjamin and Co., and made inquiries—Spital was sent for and Ann Harris left with him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-100" type="surname" value="SPITAL"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-100" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SPITAL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). On 11th September I was called to Glyn, Mills, and Co., and saw Ann Harris there—this book and paper were given to me, and I went with her—when we got near Hackney Road I saw the prisoner in Pritchard Street—I was not in uniform—he walked a few paces and then commenced running—Iran and caught him, and Ann Harris came up directly and said "That is the man"—Cross was with me—I said "We belong to the police; this female says she met you this morning at No. 438 through a post-card she received in answer to an advertisement for a situation; she says you gave her the banker's pass
<lb/>book to take to Glyn Mills' bank"—he said nothing—when we got to the Hackney Road I said "This is the book she says you gave her to take to the bank"—he said "It is a mistake"—I said "she says you went with her to the City, and there gave her the book"—he said "What do you want to know?"—I said "I tell you what she says"—I took him to 341, Hackney Road, and then in a cab to Bow Street—I gave him the order in the cab, and said "You will be charged with uttering this forged order for a cheque-book on Glyn Mills' bank"—he said "Did I give you that order?"—she said "You—gave me the book"—the order was in the book—I found on him these three post-cards, and this piece of paper (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—he put his hand forward to take it—I said "Do not touch that"—he said "There is a name on it I do not wish to be seen"—after searching him I left him, and then heard a scuffle, and found Cross endeavouring to take the paper from his hand; it was torn into eight or nine pieces—I told Cross to put them together.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-101" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-101" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CROSS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi>). I went with Spital—I saw the prisoner take a piece of paper off the table at the station and tear it up—I took the pieces out of his hand and put them together. (
<hi rend="italic">This was the forged order to Messrs. Glyn</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-102" type="surname" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-102" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN BENJAMIN</persName> </hi>. I am a shoe manufacturer, of 338, Hackney Road—I carry on business as Benjamin and Co.—the prisoner is my brother-in-law—this is my pass-book—I do not remember sending the prisoner for it on 10th September—he is not connected with my business-in any way, or employed by me—I do not know where he lives—I had seen him a few days or a fortnight before 11th September—this order is not written by me—I had a cheque-book at that time with a number of forms unused—I do not know the prisoner's writing—I should state in fair
<lb/>ness to the prisoner, as he is not defended by counsel, that he might have an implied authority to get a cheque-book—he has a brother dying in a lunatic asylum, and he had two sisters in lunatic asylums—he re
<lb/>peatedly came to me for funds, and to other members of the family, and we got tired of it—he asked me for some money, and I said "Go to other members of the family, I have no money left"—he said "Give me a cheque"—I said "I have no cheque; go to the bank and get a cheque if you like"—that was a few days before—I can fairly say that he is not accountable for his actions—I had a cheque-book by me, but I said that to get rid of him—I knew he was in pecuniary difficulties—he came</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190016"/>
<p>to me for money—he was always in a position to get money from one member of our family or another.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner</hi>. I have not received 1,650
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from your father.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. The book was of no use to me—I have an interest in the business, for my father paid in 1,650/., and I was a partner, and had money when I wanted it—the case has been got up to de
<lb/>prive me of my rights. I have a rightful partnership—my brother
<lb/>law engaged Mr. Beard to appear for me before the Magistrate, but my witnesses have not been brought forward. I had three witnesses to prove that my father paid in 1,650
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I have paid hundreds of pounds into the bank at various times, which I could have kept if I had been dishonest; and the bankers' clerk admitted, before the Lord Mayor, that I had been there on several occasions. If I was not capable of conducting the business, that is no reason iwhy I should be driven out of my partnership—if I leave here to-day I shall go into the work-house to-morrow—I can prove, by Mr. Goldfish, that between 11 and 12 o'clock on 11th September I was at Bow Road, five miles away—I am as innocent of doing any wrong act as any gentleman in this Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury, believing him to he of weak intellect. He was further charged with a previous conviction in September</hi>, 1875,
<hi rend="italic">to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-16">
<interp inst="t18771119-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-16" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18771119 t18771119-16-offence-1 t18771119-16-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-16-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18771119" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18771119" type="surname" value="EASTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18771119" type="given" value="STEPHEN HENEY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHEN HENEY EASTON</hi> (18)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18771119-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>to Burg
<lb/>lariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18771119-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-104" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-104" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-16-offence-1 t18771119-name-104"/>Henry Robinson</persName>, and stealing therein 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., a cigar-case, and sixty postage stamps;
<hi rend="italic">also to</hi> Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18771119-name-105" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-105" type="surname" value="COLLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-105" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-16-offence-1 t18771119-name-105"/>Charles Collett</persName>, and stealing therein 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., a pocket-book, and other articles;
<hi rend="italic">also to</hi> Unlawfully doing wilful damage exceeding 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to certain gas pipes—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18771119 t18771119-16-punishment-15"/>Five Years Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-17">
<interp inst="t18771119-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-17" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-18771119 t18771119-17-offence-1 t18771119-17-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-17-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18771119" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18771119" type="surname" value="BUNABY"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18771119" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BUNABY</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18771119-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to Burg
<lb/>lariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18771119-name-107" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-107" type="surname" value="MCINTYRE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-107" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-17-offence-1 t18771119-name-107"/>Peter Mclntyre</persName>, and stealing therein twelve shirts, his property,
<hi rend="italic">after a previous con
<lb/>viction in</hi> 1873—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-18771119 t18771119-17-punishment-16"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> And</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-18">
<interp inst="t18771119-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-18" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-18771119 t18771119-18-offence-1 t18771119-18-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-18-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-18-18771119 t18771119-18-offence-1 t18771119-18-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-18-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-18-18771119 t18771119-18-offence-2 t18771119-18-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-18-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18771119" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18771119" type="surname" value="GOEBETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18771119" type="given" value="WILLIAM BARNES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BARNES GOEBETT</hi> (42)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-18-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-18-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-18771119" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-18771119" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-18-18771119" type="given" value="JOHN EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN EDWARD WARD</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>,
<rs id="t18771119-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">the former to</hi> Uttering,
<hi rend="italic">and the latter to</hi> Forging an endorsement for the pay
<lb/>ment of 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.;
<hi rend="italic">also to</hi> Embezzling the sums of 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 26
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., of
<persName id="t18771119-name-110" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-110" type="surname" value="MCLEAN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-110" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-18-offence-1 t18771119-name-110"/>Robert McLean</persName>, their master;
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-18-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-18-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-18-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18771119-18-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-18-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-18-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>Embezzling the sum of 13
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of his said master</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-18771119 t18771119-18-punishment-17"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-18-18771119 t18771119-18-punishment-17"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, November</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th, Tuesday</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th, Wednesday</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st, and Thursday</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-19">
<interp inst="t18771119-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-19" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-18771119 t18771119-19-offence-1 t18771119-19-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-19-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-19-18771119 t18771119-19-offence-1 t18771119-19-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-19-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-19-18771119 t18771119-19-offence-2 t18771119-19-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-19-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18771119" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18771119" type="surname" value="LEACH"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18771119" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM LEACH</hi> (44)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-19-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-19-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-19-18771119" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def2-19-18771119" type="surname" value="STEPHENSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-19-18771119" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY STEPHENSON</hi> (44)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully Conspiring with
<persName id="t18771119-name-113">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-113" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-113" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>Thomas Edwards</persName> To Obtain Form
<persName id="t18771119-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-114" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-114" type="surname" value="SCHRADER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-114" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-19-offence-1 t18771119-name-114"/>Sarah schrader</persName> Divers Goods And Chattels, With Intent To Cheat and Defraud.</rs> Henry Stephenson was also Charged With
<rs id="t18771119-19-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-19-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-19-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>Unlawfully Receiving the said Goods.
<hi rend="italic">other counts</hi> Varied the Form of Charge.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190017"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>, Q. C.,
<hi rend="italic">With</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSES. DUGDALE, BAYLIS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GILL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICTTOR-GENEEAL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Stephenson;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARNER SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOOLF</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Leach.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENEEAL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">demurred to the indictment on the ground that two offences were charged in the same Count, also that there was no descrip
<lb/>tion of the false pretence, and referred to the Queen v. Goldsmith in vol in.</hi> Law Reports,
<hi rend="italic">p</hi>. 74,
<hi rend="italic">Crown Cases reserved, and The Queen v. John Guthrie, p</hi>. 241
<hi rend="italic">of the same vol</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that the Count could be amended under</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">Vic, c</hi>. 100,
<hi rend="italic">and that, provided the offence was set out with sufficient accuracy, what the false pretences were was utterly unimportant.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">after consideration with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BARON POLLOCK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RECORDER</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">field that the portion of the Count objected to could be treated as a separate Count, and overruled the demurrer also as to the non-description of the false pretence, but as it was a misdemeanour he gave leave to overplead, and a plea of</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">was entered. (See Chapple</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-115" type="surname" value="GARDNEB"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-115" type="given" value="FITZROY"/>FITZROY GARDNER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Exchequer Division in the High Court of Justice—I produce two affidavits filed on the 4th June,. 1877, in an action of Stephenson and Another v. The Great Western Rail
<lb/>way Company, "also three more filed in the same action—one on behalf of! the plaintiffs by their solicitor on 25th May, one on 12th April by Henry Stephenson, sen., and one filed on 17th May by Henry Stephenson.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-116" type="surname" value="SCHBADEB"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-116" type="given" value="SABAH"/>SABAH SCHBADEB</persName> </hi>. I am a widow and carry on business as a stationer at 31, St. Mary Axe, under the style of "J. H. Schrader and Co."—I printed this card marked A, and a number of cards like it, also a number of memorandum forms like this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), marked B—I printed them for T. Edwards, of 10, Sparrow Corner, who called and asked if; we did printing—upon several occasions after "that Leach came with Edwards, first in July—Edwards said on one occasion he wanted some pocket-books, and Leach said "We had better have half a dozen/-' and Edwards said "Why do you want half a dozen?" and he said "Simply because you know how soon they are filled with orders when they are given to the travellers; we had better have half a dozen," and they had half a dozen—Leach said they carried on the business of tea and coffee merchants at 10, Sparrow Corner—I recollect an order for half a ton of small hand paper, called "cap paper," for which Edwards, in the first place, gave the order, but Leach came afterwards, and ordered a second, half ton, which he said would do, although it was of a different colour, and I was to be sure to send it on at once, as an order was waiting—he wanted it to supply small grocers round about the country—I think that was about 25th July—I supplied part of the order on 26th, and part on 27th—it was to be paid for on 28th, Saturday—they also wanted a set of books, and Leach ordered.—the patterns to be drawn up—they were submitted to him, and we told him we could not make them in less than a week, and he said it would be too long, and they could not wait for them—consequently Leach came with Edwards and selected a number of books and different things, and said he would make them do—they were sent on the 27th, with a copy
<lb/>ing press and stand—this is the order for them—he said "You may send press and stand at once"—it was to be paid for on the following day, 28th, from 10 to 12 o'clock—I have the invoice—I think it was about 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I was paid 15. by them in June for the memorandum forms and the cards—the articles supplied and not paid for amounted to 34
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—when I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190018"/>
<p>supplied them I believed they were carrying on business at Sparrow Corner, or I should not have supplied them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. The first time I saw Edwards was about the 9th June—I saw Leach before the 25th July—I cannot quite tell you the date—Lead said they were tea and coffee merchants—Edwards first said so and then Leach—Edwards told me he was the nephew of Mr. Edwards, who used to carry on business at St. Mary Axe as coffee and spice merchants—he is a very respectable man—Leach came some time in July and ordered some goods—he may have come half a dozen times—I said at the police-court "The prisoner (Leach) came with Edwards on two or three occasions relative to orders for paper and selecting office paper"—I also said, "I received the first orders from Edwards—he paid me for the goods—Leach was present when he gave me the order"—that was not the order when the goods were paid for—that was a further order—Edwards selected the metallic books, but not those pattern books—between that time and Leach's coming in I do not think I had supplied anything but the cards and invoices—Edwards represented on 9th June that he was then carrying on business—I had not then heard of Leach—I believed Edwards and printed the invoice orders and cards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-117" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-117" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED HALL</persName> </hi>. I live in Bride Street, Whitechapel, and I am appren
<lb/>tice to Mrs. Schrader—I have been four times to the office at Sparrow Corner—three times I saw a person acting as clerk, and once the prisoner Leach and Mr. Edwards, on which occasion I took twenty reams of paper, the remainder of an order which had been delivered—I am not aware that Leach spoke to me—he receipted the receipt
<lb/>note I took for the paper, and also gave me this order for a copying press and stand, which I took an estimate for—I saw Leach write it—Edwards was sitting in the office—I gave the order to Mrs. Schraders assistant, and afterwards went to deliver the copying-press and stand at Sparrow Corner—I saw the clerk—I did not fix the press as the clerk said he was undecided about the stand—no one else was present.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. The name over the shop-door in large letters is "T. Edwards" only, no "and Co "-Edwards was at the office once when I went—he was present when this receipt was written—gave both the receipt-note and estimate to Leach because I saw him sitting there—there are two receipt-notes here, one signed by Leach for the twenty reams of paper, and one signed by the clerk—this is Signed for Edwards by Leach, who put his initials.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-118" type="surname" value="THORNE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-118" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN THORNE</persName> </hi>. I live at 17, Richmond Villas, Seven Sisters' Road, Holloway, and am a cocoa merchant, carrying on business at 46, st. Mary Axe—on June 20th, I think it was, a person representing himself to be T. Edwards came to me and said he wanted
<hi rend="italic">some</hi> chicory, and ordered and paid for five barrels—he said he was carrying on business at 10, Sparrow Corner—he did not say what he wanted it for—he came on two or three occasions subsequently—the first time he came I showed him some sample boxes of rock cocoa—we had some dummy boxes simply labelled without the goods in them, and he wished me to send half a dozen down to send to his travellers—he paid for them—it was either six or twelve, I am not certain which—at different times he ordered some more chicory, ginger, and cocoa—the second time he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190019"/>
<p>came would be 25th June—he bought two bags of ginger then, I think—I did not see him on all occasions that he came—some of the goods were sold to him by our traveller—he paid for three lots—about 78
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. remains unpaid—it—was to be paid the Saturday the shop was sold—I saw him that week and told him that I could not continue the credit without having references, and he said, "I will pay you for all I have had on. Saturday"—that would be the 28th July—all the goods but one lot were sent to Sparrow Corner—I think that one order was given to our traveller, Charles Thompson, and that was to be sent direct to Sheffield, but I should say none of the cocoa was delivered: which ought to have been delivered—the railway company made a; mistake, and delivered the chicory instead—the ginger and chicory; were delivered—I received some orders which were not executed, I suppose to the extent of about 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I did not execute those orders because he had not given us sufficient references—I think they were; all verbal orders—I have seen a similar form to this (
<hi rend="italic">exhibit B</hi>)—it was: when he wrote first to ask us about the goods.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I never spoke to Leach—he took no I part whatever in the office or otherwise—when Edwards came to me and made the representation he did I believed he was individually carrying on business himself as T. Edwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-119" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-119" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am traveller for Mr. Thorn—I went to 10, Sparrow Corner, and saw there Edwards, and Leach, who was sitting at a desk:—I have seen him twice with Edwards in the street—the first time was 2nd July.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I did not give evidence at the police-court—Detective Fluister asked me to come here to-day.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I was at the police court, but not called.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-120" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-120" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER LANE</persName> </hi>. I am salesman to McPherson and Co. of 92, Great Tower Street, tea and coffee merchants—about the 20th June last I saw a person giving the name of T. Edwards, of 10, Sparrow Corner, and another person who acted as clerk—I received an order from Edwards for tea amounting to 41
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., which was delivered and paid for—I came to do business with them because I knew the person who had been there before carrying on the business of a tea and. coffee merchant, so I called there—I afterwards sold, between the 23rd and 27th July, different parcels of tea to Edwards and Co., to the value of 178
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—this is the invoice of the teas (
<hi rend="italic">marked J</hi>)—it is a copy of the original, and was produced before Alderman Lusk—other teas ordered, to the amount of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., were not delivered—I have been paid no part of the 178
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I was to have been paid on Saturday, the 28th July—I should think I went to Sparrow Corner about a dozen times—I saw Leach there about six or eight times, when he has been tasting and examining black and green teas of ours—Edwards represented him to me as a friend—Leach advised Edwards to buy some of the teas after tasting and examining them—I went to Sparrow Corner on the 28th July, and found the place closed and barred—on the 1st Aug. I went to Birming
<lb/>ham, and on the 5th I watched the prisoner Stephenson's premises. At Dale End—I had a Birmingham detective with me—I saw Stephenson go into the door of what I suppose was his private house—the servant opened the door—I spoke to him and he walked away—I followed him—he quickened his pace and I quickened mi n—I told the constable to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190020"/>
<p>take him into custody, which he did, and he was taken to the Birmingham police-station—I went with them—he refused his name and address—saw Leach at Sparrow Corner in the first week in July—he was with Edwards—that was the first time I saw him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I swear that—I cannot tell you the day of the week it was—I believe I said at the police-court that it was: the first week in July—I was there eleven or twelve times—Leach did not give me any orders, but he advised Edwards to do so—Edwards told me on one occasion that Leach was his friend.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. There was no representation made by Edwards or anybody else that he was a partner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-121" type="surname" value="ROBINS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-121" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROBINS</persName> </hi>. I live at 30, Turner Street, Whitechapel, and am fore
<lb/>man to Mr. John Knight Pitt, of the Minories, cork-manufacturer—a person came to me a fortnight before the 28th July, who gave the name of Edwards on a card—he said he wanted some samples of cork for ginger-beer and lemonade manufacturers in the country—this card is similar to the one he gave me—I showed him some samples, which he took away, and he came again about two days afterwards and said he had heard nothing more about the corks—on Saturday, 21st July, he gave me an order for 225 gross—Leach was present—he came with him on the Thursday as well—I asked him if I should send the corks direct, as they were going in the country, and he Raid "No, I will have them down at Sparrow Corner, as I have more goods going with them"—I delivered them there on the 23rd July—when I went there with the corks Leach assisted me with the bale, and another man I had in the shop—the value of the corks was 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., I think—the invoice is not here—I presented an invoice to Edwards—I said "I have brought these corks down, sir"—he said "Yes, they are all right; you tell Mr. Pitt it is a bother for us to draw cheques every day in the week, but if he will look down on Saturday between ten and eleven, I will hand him a cheque"—Leach also said, after I delivered the bale, ""We pay every Saturday"—I said "Well, as you are not going to pay me this morning, you had better give me an order"—Leach said "Won't a receipt do?"—I said "Yes"—that was a receipt for the bale I had delivered—Leach asked the clerk to make out a receipt, which he gave me—we have never been paid for those corks—this is the receipt (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>),"Received, 225 gross of corks, at 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. For T. Edwards. W. S."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-122" type="surname" value="COLLIER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-122" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES COLLIER</persName> </hi>. I live at Chingford, and am assistant to my father, James Collier, chocolate and mustard manufacturer, at 140, Commercial, Street—I was at Sparrow Corner on a Saturday, about the 21st July, when I saw a party I understood to be T. Edwards and two others—Edwards paid me an amount of about 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd—on the following Monday Edwards called to order some more goods—I have no memorandum of them—they were sundry goods, cocoa, mustard, confectionery, and I think chicory—it had been previously arranged that goods bought during any week were to be paid for on the following Saturday—the goods ordered on Monday were to the amount of 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he took a book from his pocket and said he had orders for cocoa which he did not know whether he ought to send, and he appeared to hesitate a little, and then said "Yes, I will have 4 cwt. of yours"—he said he had orders for Thorne's cocoa, but afterwards chose some of ours—I have since seen some of those goods at the Birmingham goods railway-station—I did not see the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190021"/>
<p>address—I had found out to whom the goods were addressed before I went to Birmingham—I have not seen any other part of the goods—those I saw were not in their original state—some were in paper parcels and some in cases—I recognised them as our goods by our labels upon, them—the day I saw them was the Monday following the day Edwards's place was closed, the 30th, I think—we delivered some of the goods by our carts, and others were called for by Edwards's cart—I remember a delivery-sheet being signed for the last parcel—Mr. Wontner has it—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is not the last sheet signed—it is for some of Edwards's stuff—they were delivered by our own carman at Edwards's place—I remember a small package being sent somewhere near Brunswick I Square, 9, Granville Street—that was Edwards's private address—he; was living in apartments, he told us—I did not see a cart come to our place—I know the-goods were put back and not allowed to be delivered;—it was quite an. accident that they were delivered.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-123" type="surname" value="BULTITUDE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-123" type="given" value="ARCHIBALD"/>AECHIBALD BULTITUDE</persName> </hi>. I carry on business with my partner at No. 4, Minories, City, as an oil and colour merchant, under the style of "A. Bultitude and Co."—I think it was on the 16th July that a person I representing himself to be Edwards came to me and handed me a card similar to the one produced marked A—lie said he wanted a small sample of Parker's lead—I said he could not have it—I would let him have some of my own, and he said "Send a sample down," and I sent it to Sparrow Corner, which he paid for—it was a 71b. keg—my boy, who took it, brought the money back, 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—about three or four days after, I think it was the 23rd July, he came and ordered twenty kegs of white lead, and some red two days after, I believe—he said he would pay cash on delivery if we would allow him some discount—I believe he said he wanted it next day, and as it did not arrive Leach came and asked why it was not sent, and if it were not in soon they would not have it—he mentioned Edwards's name—I said "It will be up to-morrow; the kegs they are making are of a special size"—I said as soon as they were done they should have them—he called again and said if it were not in by Friday he would not have it at all—that would be the Friday after the 23rd—I saw Edwards on the Friday, after the lead was delivered, I believe—I called there as they had not paid the carman, and I asked him for the money, and he said if I called next day for the money I should have a cheque—I did not see Leach on the Friday—I went about 10 o'clock the next morning for the money and found the place closed—I saw fifteen of the casks on a truck at Birmingham when I went there—the North-Western goods station, I believe it was—they appeared to be in the same condition as when they left my place—I was in Birmingham on Monday morning, the 30th.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-124" type="surname" value="REYOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-124" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES REYNOLDS</persName> </hi>. I am a porter to Bultitude and Co.—on the 24th July I took a 71b. keg of white lead to Sparrow Corner, which I delivered to Leach—another gentleman came in just as I was going away—Leach paid me for the keg—2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. I think.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I am sure Leach gave me the money—I delivered the lead to two parties—I delivered it to nobody exactly—I put it down in the place.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-125" type="surname" value="RUDONOLPH"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-125" type="given" value="FREDERICK JOHN"/>FREDERICK JOHN RUDONOLPH</persName> </hi>. I carried on business with my brother at 56, Joseph Street, Shad well, as chicory and cocoa merchants, in July—the partnership is in dissolution—in the month of July I received</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190022"/>
<p>orders from a Mr. Edwards, of Sparrow Corner—they were to be paid for within the fortnight—he paid for the first lot—I cannot recollect the amount or date of the orders without my book—I can only say there were two or three amounts after the one amount was paid, and then he introduced Wood to me—I did not know I was going to be called to-day, and I left my books in Mr. Wontner's charge, or his clerk's—the other lots were to be paid for within a fortnight after delivery—they were never paid for—Edwards said he opened his place ostensibly to supply his country grocers or country friends because he could supply them better or cheaper—he did not mention any particular town—I think he mentioned Birmingham—I think the amount of goods, including Wood's, was 79
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—on the 25th, Edwards came with Leach—he said he introduced his friend from Birmingham—I think he said the name was John Wood; I am not certain whether it was John or not, but it was "Mr. Wood" at all events—Wood laid this card down on the desk. (
<hi rend="italic">Head</hi>: "W. G. Wood, provision merchant and Italian warehouseman, 257, Broad Street, Birmingham.") I said "When are the goods to be paid"—Wood said "I will pay every fortnight"—I said "They ought to be paid on the 25th," and he said "Well, I will pay on Saturday fortnight," and Edwards said "Do as I do"—Wood said "You don't mind that, do you?"—I said "No," and he said he would send a cheque on Saturday fortnight, would that' do?"—I said "Yes, if you keep to that"—the cheque was to be paid on Saturday—the amount of the cheque was to be about 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—20 barrels of chicory were to be sent—we sent seven the next day, the 26th, by Chaplin and Horne, London and North-Western—he said he had been in the habit of dealing with Thorne, of Leeds—I asked Edwards why he did not supply Wood, and he said it was no use, as he could buy cheaper of Thorne, of Leeds—I went to Edwards's place two or three times and found it shut up—I have not the book to see whether I sent the seven barrels off that night.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-126" type="surname" value="SELLY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-126" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SELLY</persName> </hi>. I live at 257, Broad Street, Birmingham, and am a dentist—Leach came to me under the name of Wood, on the 16th July, to take an office, which I let him—mine is a private house—I afterwards received this letter from him marked L—Leach did not come to my house after that—he said he took the office for an auctioneer's business—I think he gave me a card—I have not got it—seven barrels of chicory and coffee were delivered at my house on the 27th July, but I would not take them in, and they were sent back to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I believe "Provision merchant" was on the card, and letters were addressed "Provision merchant," but he told me he was going to take the office as an auctioneer's—I don't remember what he said when he gave me the card—there was nothing about "Auctioneer" on the card—he did not say he was going to open a business in Birmingham as a provision merchant; I swear that—he called twice, once before the 16th July, and said "You will see me in Birmingham, on the 16th July"—he said he should come and take the office—he did not say "I am going to open a business in Birmingham, and will come down and settle with you on the 16th July"—it was about three weeks before the 16th that I first saw him, I think about the room—he told me he lived in Birmingham, in the Edgbaston Road—he did not say he was living with his sister—he did not tell me he had been out of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190023"/>
<p>business for some time, or that he had been staying in Birmingham for some months—he did not say he was going back to town—he said nothing about any goods—he wrote me that letter, that is all—he was with me on the 16th for about a quarter of an hour—he agreed to take the room monthly and pay monthly—the room is on the second-floor front—I thought he was going to carry on the business of an auctioneer there—I swear he did not say "My business is that of a provision merchant, and I am going to carry on business on commission in Birmingham."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-127" type="surname" value="HOWABD"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HOWABD</persName> </hi>. I am the Secretary of the Tea Company, Limited, of 52, Crutched Friars—in July last Leach brought me this card bearing the name of T. Edwards—samples of tea
<hi rend="italic">were</hi> shown to him, and a few days afterwards, I think on the 11th, he called and gave us an order which was executed about the 16th, and promptly paid for on the Satur
<lb/>day following the delivery—Saturday is the usual pay day in our trade—I afterwards executed another order to T. Edwards which was also paid for—between the 23rd and 27th July, orders were received from Edwards for tea to the amount of 92
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—these orders were executed, and would become payable on 28th July—on that day I went to No. 10, Sparrow; Corner, in consequence of the messenger returning with a communication, and I found that the place was shut up—I supplied the goods, believing Edwards to be dealing in the regular course of trade—I have never been paid for them—I made inquiries, and in consequence of information I went to Birmingham on Sunday, 29th July—I did not see Leach, Stephen-son, or Edwards—I returned to London—in consequence of receiving further information, I again went to Birmingham on the 1st August, and called at Messrs. Stephenson and Son's, of Dale End, on Thursday, the 2nd, with a Birmingham detective, and Sergeant Fluister, a City of London detective—I had some conversation with the prisoner Stepheuson, in the presence of Fluister—I produced a list and asked him if he had any of the goods named in it—Fluister told Stephenson that we had come respect
<lb/>ing some goods that had been obtained by fraud—I had previously made out a list of goods that I and others had lost—Stephenson said, in answer to my question, after looking at the list, "I think I have, will you step round?"—we then went round to the front premises—this is the list—I have made pencil marks of Stephenson's explanations as he gave them as we went through the list item by item—the first is ten boxes of scented caper, marked 591—600, which he said he had sold on the Monday or Tuesday—the same remark was made as to the second item of ten boxes—those were marked 25th and 27th—I did not explain to Stephenson what these meant, but they are the dates of delivery at Sparrow Corner—the next item is "Two chests of Assam tea ex Duke of
<hi rend="italic">Buccleuch"</hi>—that I have marked "One sold on Tuesday," and "One here"—then "Four chests of tea "Stephenson said he had not received—"Four boxes gunpowder in mats: sold on Wednesday"—" One bale of Cork: here"—"Macpherson and Co. two chests of Assam: sold on Tuesday"—"Thirty boxes caper: sold Tuesday"—"Ten boxes caper: sold Tuesday"—" Four boxes gunpowder: here"—Nine chests of Congou: delivered yesterday and Tuesday"—that means that Stephenson told me they were sold on Tuesday—several items are marked "Here"—one labelled "Thorn and Co." is marked "London, wait"—of twenty-four kegs of mustard seven had been told, and of a number of 14lb. parcels of soluble cocoa, 4 cwt. had been sold—of twenty-eight boxes of pearl</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190024"/>
<p>cocoa eighteen—were sold "early this week," and from a barrel of almonds 40lb. had been sold—then of the goods belonging to Mrs. Schrader, of forty-five reams of paper forty were sold—the weight of the whole of the paper was 5 cwt.—some barrels of chicory were at the Great Western Railway station—I asked Stephenson if he had any red lead—he said "No"—I asked him if he had any lying at the station for him—he said "Now you mention it they said something about red lead," meaning that Edwards and Co. had said something—I had not then referred to other people than Edwards and Co. sending Stephenson and Son goods—I said 'All the goods in this list come from Edwards and Co."—I said "We have traced these goods to your place"—that was before we checked them off—I asked him how long he had known Edwards and Co.—he said, "About six weeks"—I said, "Have you ever seen Edwards"—he said upon two or three occasions when he had paid him money—I then asked him to describe him—he said, "He is a man about my own stature, very dark complexion?"—I said, "Has he a broken tooth?"—he said "Now you mention it I think he has"—I asked him if that was the only person he had seen in connection with Edwards and Co., and he said "Yes"—I turned to Fluister and said "That is one of them"—I then asked Stephenson if he had sold the goods for Edwards or purchased them—he said he sold them for him—I asked him if he was an auctioneer—he said "No"—I said "Do you sell and hand over the proceeds, whatever they will fetch?"—he said "Yes"—I said "Don't they give you any limit?"—he said "No"—I said, "But there is a wide difference in the price of teas"—he said, "Well they never grumble at the price I return them"—I said, "Suppose you don't sell them?"—he said, "Then I take them into stock"—I said, "What, at your own price?"—he said "Yes"—I think after that we went to the count
<lb/>ing house and I asked whether he had paid for the goods—he said, "Yes," and produced this receipt (
<hi rend="italic">marked G</hi>)—it is for 408
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., dated July 30, 1877, and signed,
<hi rend="italic">Pro</hi> T. Edwards, W. S." I said "You say you have only seen Edwards, this is '
<hi rend="italic">Pro</hi> T. Edwards.' "He looked at it and said "Well, I did not notice that"—after that I asked him if he had any objection to Sergeant Fluister marking it—he said "No"—I asked him how it was paid, he said "Partly by cheque and partly in cash"—I asked him to show me the "heel," meaning the counterfoil of the cheque—he did so—it was for 182
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I asked again how was the remainder paid?—he said "In cash"—I remarked "It was a good deal of money to pay in cash," and he explained that having a lot of loose cash in the house he had used it for that purpose—I asked him if the cheque had been paid—he said he did not know, but would send round to his bankers and see—I suggested that he should stop payment of it if not paid—he agreed to do so, and sent his son with a note to the bank—his son returned and said it had not been paid, and that he had stopped the payment—the cheque was drawn on Stephenson's own account—I asked him who consigned the goods to him, and he said "Edwards"—I said "Have you the advices?"—he said "Yes;" and he produced two files of delivery notes, one, I believe, of the Great Western and the other the Midland—as to the advices he said he had heaps of them and he made search for them, both in his counting-house and in the inner office, but he failed to find any—my attention was called to this delivery note which was pro
<lb/>duced before the Magistrate, and marked F—there were several of that description—I called Stephenson's attention to the name "Marshall" on it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190025"/>
<p>and said "These have been consigned from Marshall, not from Edwards'—he looked at it, and said "Well, I never noticed it before"—he made the same remark as to the others that we found in that name—they are dated in June and July—we brought none of them away—two of them have no names, but are marked "M." in a diamond, which I take to be the trade mark of Edwards and Co., of Sparrow Corner, because it was on small pieces of cardboard, which were tacked on to everything that came from there—I went a second time to Stephenson's with Sergeant Fluister in consequence of a telegram Fluister had received from London from Inspector Bailey, of 26, Old Jewry, "Get goods at railway sent back, those at Stephenson's not to be disposed of. Trace such as have been sold and give notice to parties not to part with them." We showed Stephenson the telegram, and Fluister said "Tell us the names and addresses of those to whom you have sold the balance of the goods"—Stephenson said he would not do so—then he was shown the telegram, for which he said he did not care, but we must bring a great deal more of pressure to bear upon him than that before he would give up the names of his customers, and he said "It would frighten a little grocer to death to go and tell him that he had goods which had been obtained by fraud, but I will write to them and tell them not to dispose of them; or I will jump in my trap and drive round-and tell them personally, which will perhaps be the best way"—he also asked me "How much have you lost?"—I said "I represent about 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.-worth"—my own loss was about 94
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—one or two other gentle
<lb/>men went to Birmingham on the first occasion—I gave them information—Stephenson's is a large wholesale place of business with a very varied stock, including, bacon, hams, boots and shoes, macintoshes, pipes, cigars, saddle-cloths, string, tea, coffee, sugar, rice, and cocoa; in fact, I do not think you could mention anything that was not in the place—I said "I should say you must have a very large experience to be enabled to dispose of them advantageously"—he said "I am the only man in Birmingham that can buy for cash and sell for credit, I have goods from all over the country."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR GENERAL</hi>. I looked for the name of Marshall among the notes—we looked for these consignments, or carmen's notes, because Stephenson could not find the advice notes—this one has M in a diamond on it—I cannot say if it is one I picked out—there is, nothing to identify our tea apart from Stephenson's statement—Messrs. Thorn and Co. had given me the marks and numbers to enable me to identify their goods, and I found those marks and numbers still on—I took the name of Marshall to be the consignor, as I had found out in London that goods were sent in the name of Marshall—the date of the cheque did not excite my suspicion—I told Stephenson, in the first part of our conversation, that goods were traced to his premises. I think—Stephenson volunteered to go through the list with me, and took me round the shop and through the warehouse in order that I might point anything out I could identify.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ME. SLEIGH</hi>. I did not go to Sparrow Corner till I heard it was shut up—one person came to me to give orders, and one person came afterwards—I do not know that I have said that before—I said at the police-court Leach was Edwards, I think; no, I do not think I did—I said "Early in July last a man came to our office and handed me the card produced marked A," and Leach was then in the dock—if</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190026"/>
<p>what I said at the police-court is different to what I have said here, that is most likely correct, as it was sooner after the occurrence—I do not know whether I said "He said 'I am T. Edwards' "—I went to Birm
<lb/>ingham to find either of the men—I did not say at the police-court I went to find one particular individual. (
<hi rend="italic">Deposition read</hi>: "When I went to Birmingham I was seeking a person with a broken tooth and a dark complexion; that is a different man from the prisoner Leach.") Mr. Besley used those words, and I answered them affirmatively—I said "He is one of the three persons"—as far as I know, Leach was not in custody when I went to Birmingham—I was not taken to the prison to identify Leach—I came to London with him in the same carriage.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I thought Leach was Edwards; other people thought a man we have not arrested was Edwards; both represented themselves to be Edwards—Leach was the only man I had known, except the man with the broken tooth, who came to hurry the tea—I have not a distinct memory about Leach coming and presenting his card—I got the infor
<lb/>mation from the London and North-Western Railway Company about the goods being sent to Stephenson by Marshall on the 28th July—I was shown a large book—I am able to say that the boxes of tea are identi
<lb/>cally the same as went out of our place.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-128" type="surname" value="OWEN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES OWEN</persName> </hi>. I am a salesman to the Tea Company, Limited—on the 16th July I went to No. 10, Sparrow Corner, in consequence of a Mr. Edwards calling for a sample of tea—I saw Leach and another man—Leach gave me an order—the order was supplied and paid for—I went to Sparrow Corner on the 23rd, when Leach approved my sample of tea, and advised the other man to give the order, which was for twenty boxes, value 34
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the order was supplied—I received another order, amounting to 26
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., on the 24th July, at Sparrow Corner—the same persons were present; and another on the 26th, amounting to 17
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 0
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—on the 27th, Leach and the other man called at our office, and received an order, amounting to 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—four boxes of gun
<lb/>powder and ten of caper were delivered—payment became due on the 28th—I saw some corks brought to Sparrow Corner on one occasion—I went there—Leach was assisting to get the corks into the warehouse—that would be about the 23rd.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I said at the police-court that I went to Sparrow Corner on the 16th—I also said that Leach tasted the tea.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Gross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. I think thirty-seven packages of tea were not paid for, and twenty-three were paid for—the marks on those paid for were a BB in a triangle, and GC underneath, on ten boxes; the marks of the others I have not here—I can get it—22
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was paid on Saturday the 21st.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-129" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-129" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BROOKS</persName> </hi>. I am a carman in the service of Messrs. Chaplin and Horne—on 27th July I fetched some goods from Messrs. Edwards's place at Sparrow Corner—I called accidentally—I received the document produced (
<hi rend="italic">a consignment note</hi>)—I do not recognise Leach as being there—I gave the document to the clerks at Broad Street station, who took it to Mr. Proudman, the London and North-Western manager there—I took one load of goods at the same time—my cart carries three tons—I went two or three times altogether—a document like that was given to me every time. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Urgent. London, July, 1877. Messrs. Chaplin and Home, or London and North-Western Railway. Please deliver goods as</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190027"/>
<p>under for Messrs. Stephenson and Son, 16, Dale End, Birmingham, marked M. in a diamond, and oblige, A. Marshall." (
<hi rend="italic">Then followed a list of goods</hi>.) I do not remember how many lots I took.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. This went on for about three days—the pencil mark is what we call the "pro-number."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-130" type="surname" value="PROUDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-130" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PROUDMAN</persName> </hi>. I am superintendent of the goods department of the London and North Western Railway—we received this paper when we received the goods (
<hi rend="italic">the consignment note</hi>) from Chaplin and Horne—the goods were consigned to Mr. Stephenson, of Birmingham.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-131" type="surname" value="REIMERS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-131" type="given" value="CHRISTIAN"/>CHRISTIAN REIMERS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk at the London and North-Western station at Aldgate—I received these two papers on the 27th July from Leach. (
<hi rend="italic">Two consignment notes, dated</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th July</hi>.) The goods were sent to Birmingham—another person was with Leach when he brought the goods, very much like himself—I had not seen the men before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I next saw Leach at the Mansion House, in the Court—I was not called—I saw Fluister there—I did not pick Leach out from others.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-132" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-132" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a superintendent of the Midland Railway at Royal Mint Street—the two consignment notes produced were given to the carman who collected the goods and took them to the station—they would then be in my custody—it is customary to send such a document with goods to be sent on.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-133" type="surname" value="CORNHILL"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-133" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COENHTLL</persName> </hi>. I am a warehouseman, and one of the firm of Colour and Son—on the 27th July a Mr. Edwards and prisoner Leach called at my premises—Edwards asked about some mustard that was on order—this document was signed "T. Edwards "in my presence—(
<hi rend="italic">this was a receipt for goods from James Colour and Son</hi>)—they came in a cart be
<lb/>tween four and five o'clock, as near as I recollect—some mustard was put in the cart—Thomas, my packer, was with me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. I cannot recollect the dates of delivery—I can tell from the delivery-sheets—I sent the goods out by the carman—the clerks in the office would receive payment—there are no distin
<lb/>guishing marks on the chicory similar to those on the tea.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I gave the goods out to the carman, and the delivery
<lb/>notes came back receipted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-134" type="surname" value="THOJIAS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-134" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN THOJIAS</persName> </hi>. I am a packer at Messrs. Colour's—I remember on the 27th of July some people coming for some mustard, and I assisted Mr. Cornhill to put it in the cart—Leach was in the cart and took the goods.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I was at the Mansion House, and saw Leach there for the first time after the delivery—no one told me he was Leach—I heard the evidence—I did not know the prisoner was Leach before that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-135" type="surname" value="BECKERSEN"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-135" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HEXKY BECKEKSEN</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Armstrong, a carman of 123, Sparrow Corner—on 20th July I delivered to Edwards and Co., at 10, Sparrow Comer, nine chests of tea, on account of Messrs. McPherson and Co.—Leach signed for them—a man who passed as Edwards and another man were also there—I got this document T. Edwards, and Co., 3995-4003 x, Norman Court, F. S. T., 9 chests of tea (Signed) "T. Edwards, 26th July, 1877," and at the bottom "123, Sparrow Corner, Tower Lane. Walter Armstrong, Minories"—that was signed by Edwards—Loach was then in the office, sitting at the table—Leach and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190028"/>
<p>Edwards were talking of the delay in getting the goods—Leach said "McPherson will be down d——d sharp on Saturday morning, although we can't get our goods in"—I told them I would get the goods in as quickly as possible on Friday morning, and left them—Edwards said they wanted to send them to country agents—I sent ten boxes the following day—I was there when the goods were delivered, and got this receipt (
<hi rend="italic">This was for ten boxes of tea, signed T. Edwards, per W. S</hi>., 21
<hi rend="italic">th July</hi>, 1877)—I saw Edwards about an hour after the goods were delivered—he and another put them into a cart and drove away down Royal Mint Street—this was about 5.30 on Friday—I did not see them after that till I saw them at the Mansion House—I saw goods removed on the Friday by Chaplin and Home.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. We delivered the tea from the bonded
<lb/>tea warehouse—know nothing about the money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-136" type="surname" value="WONTNER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-136" type="given" value="ST. JOHN"/>MR. ST. JOHK WONTNER</persName> </hi>. I was present at the Mansion House, con
<lb/>ducting the prosecution—I have a list of the witnesses—they were all present—Mr. Alderman Lusk said he had plenty of evidence to commit the prisoners for trial, and that it was not necessary to call other wit
<lb/>nesses—I then stated that they would be called on the trial.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. It is usual to give notice of the wit
<lb/>nesses intended to be called, and I was giving notice by my statement instead of giving it formally, and Mr. Besley said he did not object.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-137" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-137" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LLOYD</persName> </hi>. I am a provision-merchant, at 35, More Street, Birmingham—I am one of the trustees under the bankruptcy of William Augustus Knight—I watched the prisoner Stephenson's premises—on 30th July I saw a man come out and walk up the street and speak to Leach, upon which Leach walked down the street and went into Stephenson's premises—Leach had been standing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-138" type="surname" value="FLUISTER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-138" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN FLUISTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I received information with regard to these alleged frauds on the 30th July—I went to Birmingham on the 1st Aug.—I was present at Stephenson's with Mr. Howard—I afterwards made inquiries at the railway-station and other places, and told Mr. Howard and others the result—on the 6th Aug. I heard Leach had been apprehended, and was at the police-court—I saw him in the cell on the 5th, and he was taken before the Magistrate at Birmingham on the 6th, and remanded to London—he refused to give me his name and address—I took him to Tower Street police-station, where he was charged by Mr. McPherson's traveller with conspiring with others not in custody to obtain a quantity of tea—he then gave the name of William Leach, of Edgbaston, Birmingham—I produced the telegram before the Magistrate Get goods at railway," etc.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENEEAL</hi>. I served Stephenson with a summons on the 25th of August at his place in Dale End, Birmingham.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. I have not suggested to any of the witnesses the evidence they ought to give or that I wished them to give—I have not taken any impropor part in this prosecution.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-139" type="surname" value="GIBBONS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-139" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GIBBONS</persName> </hi>. I am a hop-dealer, of Worcester—a Mr. Leach was introduced to me in 1875 as an auctioneer and general provision dealer of Disley, in Cheshire—I cannot positively say if either of the prisoners is Leach, but I believe the farther one (Leach) is the man—he gave me this card, "T. Leach, auctioneer, valuer, and provision merchant, Disley, Cheshire"—I sent him some samples of hops, and eventually sold him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190029"/>
<p>some for 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I received a cheque in payment—I sent the hops to the-address on the card—about the 20th October I received another order, and I sent hops to the value of 122
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to the same address—they were to be paid for when received—I waited a week and then sent my manager, Mr. Cotterill, to Disley—he returned and made a communication to me, in consequence of which I went to Dale End, Birmingham, and saw Stephen-son at his premises—I cannot give you the date—I saw young Mr. Stephenson first—I told him my business and asked for his father—he said his father would be in in a short time—I asked his father if he had received any hops—I said "My name is Gibbons; a man named Leach, bought some hops from me, but he has not paid for them," and I asked if he knew where Leach was—he said "What Leach?"—I said "Leach. an auctioneer and general provision dealer at Disley"—he said "I did receive some"—I said "Would you oblige me by telling me how you paid for them by showing me the invoice," and he did so—I said "This is the same invoice Leach received from us," and "Of course you have paid for them," and "It is a remarkable thing that these hops should be-knocking about the country and sold to you at the same price as they were purchased from me," and that there must be something wrong some
<lb/>where, and he would possibly hear more about it—he said he did not know Leach's whereabouts, as he had only known him a short time—I have not been paid for the hops.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. A Mr. Tonks introduced Leach to me—Mr. Tonks was a publican at Birmingham—the person introduced to me as Leach was a tall, fair man with thick whiskers and moustache, but clear chin and large features, very much like the prisoner Leach—I came up to London and gave evidence the second day at the Mansion House—I saw Leach in the dock with Stephenson—I saw him before that; in the cell, when I was asked if he was Leach—that was the first time I had seen him since October, 1875—where the cells are is a dismal place.'</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENERAL</hi>. About three weeks elapsed between the second sale of hops and my visit to Birmingham.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-140" type="surname" value="COTTERILL"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COTTERILL</persName> </hi>. I live at 230, Hackney Road—in October, 1875, I was manager to Mr. Gibbons, of Worcester—the prisoner Leach called upon me in that year—I sold him the second lot of hops—the terms were cash—the amount was 122
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I believe the prisoner Leach is the man—I sent the hops to Disley—as they were not paid for in about a week I made inquiries at the railway-station, at Stockport, Birmingham, and Disley—found Leach had been at Disley—in consequence of what I heard at Birmingham I went to Stephenson's premises and saw Leach talking to Stephenson in his office—I called Leach out and said "What about the hops?"—he said "I intended to send a cheque; I have been purchasing some cheese of Mr. Stephenson which I am going to sell at Walsall on Saturday, and I will send you a cheque on Monday or Tues
<lb/>day"—I wished him good-day—no cheque came—I had no difficulty in recognising Leach—I identified him in the cells at the Mansion House—I saw him in the dock first.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I cannot recollect who asked me at the Mansion House if I knew Leach—I was taken to the cells and he was asked to come to the front of his cell, and I was asked if he was Leach—I believe he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-141" type="surname" value="HOWLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-141" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>WILLIAM GEORGE HOWLETT</persName> </hi>. I am. a timber-merchant—in February,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190033"/>
<p>at Newgate—his appearance has altered—he had dark hair, no beard, and a heavy black moustache—he gave me an order in April, 1876, for timber to the amount of 102
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and also another order, the amount of which I forget—these orders were supplied and paid for—he called him
<lb/>self a builder—he obtained some timber subsequently, and the firm received a number of bills, which were all dishonoured—I went to Peate's premises on 18th July, 1876, and found them closed, and on the following day I went with Mr. Howlett to Albert Street, where Stevenson had some buildings in the course of erection—I there recognised some of our timber—I also went to Stephenson's shop, and asked Stephenson if he could tell me where I could find Peate—he said he knew nothing about it; Peate had said he was building at Tipton—I went to Tipton, and only found a email cottage being erected—there was 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 600
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of timber on Stephenson's works at Birmingham more than would be used in the building.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I have come to London three or four times about this case; the last time was about six weeks ago—I went to Newgate the first time—I was told Leach was there—I saw him in the yard between 1 and 2 with six or seven more—I believe Leach is the man, but I cannot swear to him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENERAL</hi>. I recognised my timber being emplyed in Stephenson's premises first about 20th July, 1876; I had been there before trying to see Mr. Peate—I cannot give you the earliest date—there were several people there—about tea warehouses of four
<lb/>stories high were being erected.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. The roof was on" some of the warehouses—most of the timber required must have been usen then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-142" type="surname" value="MOORCROFT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-142" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MOORCROFT</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to the Registrar of the County Court at Birmingham—I produce the proceedings in Peate's bankruptcy—I have not the accounts—I don't know anything about a warrant being issued to arrest him—Mr. Sharp is the trustee.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLIOTTOR-GENERAL</hi>. I cannot say if the bankrupt appeared—I should think the landlord of the house in Pershore Street could be found.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-143" type="surname" value="BRAZER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-143" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BRAZER</persName> </hi>. I am managing clerk to Mr. Joseph Crowther Smith, solicitor, of "Wolverhampton—Leach, in August, 1876, came to Mr. Smith's office to take an office; he gave the name of William John Peate, a provision merchant—he took several large rooms and a front office in the Horse Fair, and the name, "Sparrow and Peate," was painted in large letters on the large doors—he took possession on the 14th of August—the firm left suddenly shortly before Christmas—I only saw Leach and a clerk there—I never saw any business done there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I went into the office and spoke to his clerk—I have spoken to Leach several times, but not in his office—the rent was 55
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—over a quarter is due.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-144" type="surname" value="GLAZE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-144" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL GLAZE</persName> </hi>. I am a harness-maker in Dudley Street, Wolver
<lb/>hampton—in the autumn last year Leach traded in the name of Sparrow and Peate—in September or October he gave us an order for saddlery to the extent of about 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I was never paid—I went to his premises—he appeared to be doing business.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. He said he wanted the saddlery for his own horse—we had some wine and spirits from Sparrow and Peate—I did</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190034"/>
<p>not pay because Leach owed for the saddlery—I took him to be the head of the firm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-145" type="surname" value="RIVIERE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-145" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY RIVIERE</persName> </hi>. I am agent for La Grande Cognac Company, of 22, Great Tower Street, City—on 14th November, 1876, I received a memorandum by post, and in consequence, on the 17th, I sent a letter to Wolverhampton, and received a reply on the 29th, and I wrote a letter to the address at Wolverhampton on the 30th, and received a telegram on December 1st—in consequence of those communications I sent a hogshead and two quarter-casks of brandy to Messrs. Sparrow and Peate, of Wol
<lb/>verhampton, amounting to about 112
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I received further orders—the last order was not executed—in consequence of inquiries I communicated with the Great Western Railway, in order to stop the delivery of the "brandy—on the 7th March Messrs. Stephenson and Son commenced an action against the Great Western Railway Company and our Company in respect of the brandy, which is now set down for trial—we have not been paid.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I will not swear two cheques have not been drawn upon the Wolverhampton Bank by Sparrow and Peate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-146" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-146" type="given" value="SYDNEY"/>SYDNEY HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am booking-clerk for the Great Western Railway at Hockley station, Birmingham—in December last I received three casks of brandy, consigned by La Grande Cognac Company to Sparrow and Peate's order—this is the warrant—the brandy was taken away and signed for by "G. Davis" on the 27th December—I do not know G. Davis—we still hold two casks of brandy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-147" type="surname" value="HARPER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-147" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC HARPER</persName> </hi>. I keep the Bell Vaults and a saddler's shop in Dale End, Birmingham—on December 22, 1876, I bought a quarter-cask of brandy, No. 73, from H. Stephenson and Son—Stephenson sold it to me; this is the invoice—the price is 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a gallon—I paid two or three days afterwards—I believe the receipt to be Stephenson's handwriting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOOLF</hi>. I wanted Martell's brandy—Stephenson. said he was out of it—I paid Stephenson 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. last year—we were short of brandy—Stephenson supplied quarter-casks—he wanted 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for it; he said he was a loser by it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-148" type="surname" value="BALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-148" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>EICHARD BALLARD</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor in Clifford's Inn, and am acting for the Great Western Railway Company and La Grand Cognac Co. in the action brought against them by Stephenson and Son—I produce a copy of the amended writ and other papers, including a draft of the interrogatories we administered to Stephenson.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WOOLF</hi>. The action would have been heard but for the length of the cause-list—the action is for the goods, and we get leave to come in and defend, indemnifying the Great Western Railway Company.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-149" type="surname" value="DERWIIXER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-149" type="given" value="PROSPER"/>PROSPER DERWIIXER</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Messrs. Riviere—I remember some brandy being supplied to Messrs. Sparrow and Peate—it was never paid for to my knowledge—I never received any cheques.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I am the only person—who receives cheques—Mr. Riviere would hand them to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-150" type="surname" value="MENDONCA"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-150" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE MENDONCA</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Ricardo Mendonca, and live at 29, Portsmouth Street, Oxford Road, Manchester—I know the prisoner Leach as John—Lea was over the door—he came to lodge with me in January, and stayed about eight weeks—a small man lodged with him—they called each other John, and laughed when they did so—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190035"/>
<p>left several memoranda and cards behind him, which I gave to Sergt. Black—about a week after he left I went to 18, Lever Street, Man
<lb/>chester—the promises were closed—I nest saw Leach at the Mansion House—I said "This is Lea"—he made a hissing noise at me—there were two saddles brought to my house one night—Leach took one away. the next morning. (The cards, &c., referred to were
<hi rend="italic">"E. Lea, wholesale egg and provision merchant</hi>, 18,
<hi rend="italic">Mensell Street, Manchester," "E. Lea, wine and spirit merchant</hi>, 18,
<hi rend="italic">Mensell Street, Manchester," "E. Lea, corn and cheese merchant</hi>, 18,
<hi rend="italic">Lever Street, Manchester," "E. Lea, coal and provision merchant</hi>, 18,
<hi rend="italic">Lever Street, Manchester"</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I did not mention about the saddles at the police-court—I was told to tell all I knew—I did say at the police-; court "I went to Newgate to recognise one of the Leas"—I said to a gaoler "There is a man like Lea; I should like to see him again"—Leach looks older than when he lodged with me, and he wears his hair; and whiskers different, and it is darker; it was more red.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-151" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-151" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WJXLIAM KELLY</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Elsley Road, Wandsworth, and superintend the ledger department of Price's Patent Candle Company—in Feb. last I received an older from Edward Lea, of 18, Lever Street, Manchester, on a printed form like the one produced, for twelve dozen wax candles; also on the 21st Feb. another order amounting to 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the goods were forwarded to the London and North-Western railway-station—they were not paid for, but I had previously to receiving those two orders received an order for a parcel of candles amounting to 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., which had been supplied and paid for to our representative in Man
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-152" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-152" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am a carter employed by the London and North-Western Railway at Birmingham—I produce a way-bill dated 26th Feb.—I delivered the goods at Mr. Stephenson's at Dale End, Birmingham, viz., six Casks of jam and four boxes of candles.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-153" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-153" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HOWARD</persName> </hi>. I am a carman in the service of the London and North-Western Railway Company at Birmingham—I delivered the ten firkins of butter and five chests of tea referred to in this way-bill of 24th Feb., at Mr. Stephenson's, Dale End, Birmingham.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-154" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-154" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GILL</persName> </hi>. I am an inspector of police at Manchester—I set a watch upon 18, Lever Street, Manchester, last Feb.—the name over the door was Lea—six men appeared to be doing business there—Leach was one—from inquiries I heard his name was Lea—I saw him very often for about three weeks—three men would sometimes watch at the Royal Archer when goods were delivered there—the goods were generally taken away to the London Road railway-station—the directions were first taken off—I saw Leach do it, and a man I saw here yesterday, Gold—I watched Gold go into the small office and commence writing and put fresh cards on the boxes—they were all served in the same way—saw the fresh address; it was "Messrs. Stephenson and Son, Dale End, Birmingham"—that was on the boxes of candles and the casks of jam—they were marked S. in a diamond—about the 26th Feb. I saw 60 boxes go off—according to my book they went to Stephenson's at Birmingham—I followed Leach and another man to Mrs. Mendonea's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>. I came up to London in the same carriage with Mrs. Mendonca, Mr. Worsley, Mr. Seal, Sergt. Black, and others—I did not hear any conversation about saddles—I don't think the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190036"/>
<p>case was mentioned—I have seen Mrs. Mendonca at her house about this case—Leach is very much altered—I saw him in the dock for the first time in London—his hair is now darker from being damper than it was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>. I said Parkinson for Stephenson at the police-court, and rectified the mistake—I was not asked the destina
<lb/>tion of the ten boxes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-155" type="surname" value="WORSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-155" type="given" value="WILLIAM DAVIS"/>WILLIAM DAVIS WORSLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the High Street branch of the Manchester Joint Stock Bank, limited—on 29th January an account was opened at our bank in the name of Edward Lea by the payment in of 160
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., partly by this cheque for 119
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on Lloyd's Banking Company, signed "Henry Stephenson"—I had previously collected Stephenson's cheque for Lea for 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—some of these cheques of Stephenson's were paid into Lea's account—these eleven cheques are drawn by E. Lea.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENERAL</hi>. "We charge a percentage at the end of the year upon the cheques drawn; that is the practice in Man
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-156" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-156" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH PRICE</persName> </hi>. I live at Edgbaston, Birmingham, and am an account
<lb/>ant of the Midland Banking Company—Thomas Peate had an account there in 1876—these fifty cheques are drawn by him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENNRAL</hi>. I did not know Mr. Peate very well—the account was opened by a cashier who is now dead.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-157" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-157" type="given" value="GEORGE FREDERICK"/>GEORGE FREDERICK SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am ledger-keeper at Lloyd's Banking Company at Birmingham—Stephenson. keeps an account there—these two cheques were drawn there. (
<hi rend="italic">These cheques were to Edward Lea, one dated</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th January, for</hi> 119
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and one February</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">rd, for</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.) These other cheques produced are drawn by Stephenson—I observe the handwriting of our customer—the "E. Lea" on these cheques I think is the same handwriting as the "Lea" in "Leach" in these letters—I should say that "Thos. Peate" is the same handwriting, and also the signature of "T. Edwards" to this document (
<hi rend="italic">The receipt given to Becker son</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENERAL</hi>. We charged Stephenson interest and commission on his account, as shown by the turnover, which would be about 20,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—our practice is to keep the cheques.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-158" type="surname" value="SHARP"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-158" type="given" value="LUKE JESSON"/>LUKE JESSON SHARP</persName> </hi>. I am an accountant at Birmingham—I was trustee under the bankruptcy of William Peate, builder and contractor—the bankrupt did not surrender—I never saw him—he never filed any accounts—in consequence of information I received I went to 18, Lever Street, Manchester, with Inspector Gill—we searched the premises and found some property—I sold it and placed it to the credit of the estate—"E. Lea" was over the door—I found a good many cards and memo
<hi rend="italic">The following witnesses were called for Leach.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-159" type="surname" value="PORT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-159" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PORT</persName> </hi>. I live at 242, Bradford Street, Birmingham, and am manager to Mr. Higginson, plumber and glazier—I remember the con
<lb/>tract for Victoria Buildings, in Albert Street, Birmingham—Thomas Peate was the contractor for the wood department—I do not know his address—I have not seen the prisoner Leach before—he is not Thomas Peate.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENERAL</hi>. I have not the slightest doubt Stephenson is not Peate.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. Thomas Peate was introduced to me</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190037"/>
<p>as a contractor by Stephenson—I do not recognise Peate in either of these two photographs—Mr. Higginson attends to his own business—he had nothing to do with Peate.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I never—went to Peate's place of business—I looked at the woodwork at the buildings, and told Stephenson it was done badly—my introduction to Peate was in July, 1876—do not know anything of Peate's bankruptcy—I have not traced him, and do not know where he is, or whether he is carrying on business now or not.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. Mr. Peate had black hair and moustache, and had very broad shoulders—he was about 40 years of age.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-160" type="surname" value="VILLIERS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-160" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN VILLIERS</persName> </hi>. I live at 31, Dale End, Birmingham, and am a tailor, and draper—I know Thomas Peate—he was a builder and contractor at Pershore Street, Birmingham—I made some clothes for him—he owes me 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—Peate is not in the dock—I am prepared to give his measure
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I know he became a bankrupt—I saw him on the Saturday before the Sunday he absconded, towards the end of July.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>. His age was from 38 to 40—he had a cast in his eye.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-161" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-161" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD PARKER</persName> </hi>. I live at Lower Essex Street, Birmingham, and am a livery stable keeper—I knew Thomas Peate, of Lower Pershore Street, Birmingham—he was a builder—he hired a horse and wagonette and other vehicles of me—I have often seen him—Leach is not the man—Peate owes me 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I heard that he became a bankrupt and absconded.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. I only knew him by the name of Thomas Peate—I first knew him about June, 1876—he introduced him-self—he came to hire—I saw him last about three weeks before he absconded—he was a slimmer man than Leach, with black hair and moustache, I but no whiskers—I had a cheque from him—I heard of his absconding in the newspapers—I cashed a cheque from Peate to Taylor for about 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—at his place of business "T. Peate, builder, Calthorpe Works," I was painted on the wall—Peate did some repairs to my stable—I went I several times to his place of business—I saw five or six men at work, chiefly carpenters.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN-VILLIERS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>). I never saw Peake write—I received a cheque from him for £3. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. about May, before he gave me the last order—it was on the Midland Bank—I don't know if it was his signature—they cashed it—I knew him 18 months.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for Stephenson.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-162" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-162" type="given" value="ROBERT FREDERICK"/>ROBERT FREDERICK MATTHEWS</persName> </hi>. I am an architect, of 32, Parliament Buildings, Birmingham—in 1876 I prepared a contract for Stephenson and drawings for the erection of some buildings, the front of which was done under my superintendence—it was signed in my presence—this is the contract. (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated 7th March</hi>, 1876,
<hi rend="italic">and was between Henry Stephenson and Thomas Peate, and stated that Peate was to complete the buildings in Albert Street, and to be paid by instalments on the certificates of Thomas Matthews</hi>.) I am sure the prisoner Leach is not Peate.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. I left the names blank—I cannot tell you when I saw Peate last—I never saw Leach before—Peate was a small man with dark hair and a little whiskers, and much slimmer than Leach.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. I frequently saw Peate on the works—he was about 5 years of age—the buildings wore about eight months in course of erection</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190038"/>
<p>—I do not know anything about Peate's absconding—there was not more timber brought than was required to complete the block—I do not know the Calthorpe Works—the buildings were finished about two months ago.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-163" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-163" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I live at 32, Aston New Town, Birmingham, and am a commission agent—this is my signature as a witness to the contract of the 7th March—I saw Peate several times subsequent to the 7th March, 1876, up to last November.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. I first saw Peate four years ago when he did some work for me—he was a carpenter, &c., and employed a man to do repairs at the Old Engine public-house at 49. Dale End, which I keep—I now sell Irish whisky and cigars—a complaint was made to me about a beer-engine by Mr. Mason, the owner, when I was at the Old Engine in about 1874—I said I got it from Stephenson—no inquiries were made about it by detectives—I have known Stephenson seven or eight years—I have been Stephenson's clerk and foreman; I represented him at the time the complaint was made, as traveller—the Old Engine was never Stephenson's property—I never saw Leach before to-day—I had no idea whom I should see in the dock.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. Peate was a slimmer man, with a dark complexion and dark moustache.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENERAL</hi>. This (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is Peate's photograph.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-164" type="surname" value="BULLET"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-164" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BULLET</persName> </hi>. I am a mason—I had the contract for the stone-work of the building erected by Stephenson in Albert Street—a Mr. Peate was managing the timber-work—frequently saw him—Peate is not in the dock—I have no doubt of it—I was engaged about 12 months in the stone-work—Peate was there five or six months.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. This photograph is something like Peate's features—I could not swear to him—I last saw him about September, 1876—he became a bankrupt and disappeared—I never saw Leach before—I did not know whom I was coming to recognise—a Mr. Lea was the foreman of the carpenters.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-165" type="surname" value="GOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-165" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES GOLD</persName> </hi>. I am a gun-maker, of Hanley Street, Summer Lane, Birmingham—I visited the Grapes public-house in Livery Street, Bir
<lb/>mingham, and saw Mr. Lea there, six or seven months ago—I went with him to 18, Lever Street, Manchester, to be his porter—he was a wholesale merchant—I was with him eight weeks at 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—he absconded owing me a fortnight's wages—Leach is not Lea—I should know him from 20,000.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. This is Lea's photograph—I was working at gun-making last week—I was engaged by Cramp and Co., of Glasgow—they consigned goods to Stephenson—they gave me the
<hi rend="italic">sack</hi> and vanished—I knew Stephenson about 12 months—I have known his place a few years—I saw him once at 18, Lever Street, Manchester, about a fortnight after we came—I do not know his business there—lie did not help at the work or take the addresses off—I did that—some goods were sent to Stephenson, and we sold some in Manchester—some we opened and some not—I had seen Lea for about a twelvemonth in Livery Street, Birmingham—he appeared to be a gentleman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-166" type="surname" value="NICKLING"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-166" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES NICKLING</persName> </hi>. I am an auctioneer, of Dean's Gate, Manchester—Mr. Lea, of Lever Street, asked me to conduct a sale of provisions for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190039"/>
<p>him.—I declined—I have seen him at my house several times—I am sure Leach is not Lea.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. This photograph is like the gentleman at the bar—it is not like Lea, who was £5. 8in., and had no whiskers under the chin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SERGEANT BLACK</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>). This is Peate's photograph, who is a brother of the prisoner Leach.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-167" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-167" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN NICHOLLS</persName> </hi>. I am goods manager to the London and North-Western Rail way at Birmingham—Stephenson did a large business and transmitted goods from Birmingham and received them from London—in July some goods were lying at the station, which were consigned to Stephenson—they were five boxes of cocoa, three parcels of cocoa, seven casks of chicory, and 15 casks of white lead—Mr. Fluister communicated with me and I went to Mr. Stephenson on other business, and he said "I understand you have some gods at the station that there is some bother about?" I said "Yes." He said "They told me there is some
<lb/>thing wrong about them, you had better hold them to the order of the consignor." I said "You had better give me that in writing at once," and he gave me this: "To Mr. W. J. Nicholls. Sir,—Please take notice that the goods consigned to us, now at your station, we decline to receive; you had, therefore, better hold them to the order of the consignors.—Yours respectfully, EL. Stephenson and Son." It is dated August 4th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. The goods came on 28th July—I wrote to London and received a reply from the goods' manager that the goods f were consigned by "A. Marshall, London"—we sent them back to London—I have been in my present position eight years—I have been I asked to detain goods before on the same ground—
<hi rend="italic">some</hi> were consigned I to Stephenson—I cannot give you the name of the consignor—I could ascertain—we could not find Marshall.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined</hi>. Goods have been detained which were consigned to re
<lb/>spectable business men—I know of no instance where the goods have not been delivered to Stephenson after inquiry except this transaction.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-168" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-168" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK HUDSON</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer at Ashtead Road, Birmingham—at Mr. Stephenson's request I went to his shop and was shown his stock and some invoices—the prices on the invoices were fair prices—ginger has fallen in price since July—Collar's cocoa is not so well known in Birming
<lb/>ham as Cadbury's, and would be sold cheaper—I saw some black and green tea; 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was a fair price in addition to the duty.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. The cocoa would be a suitable article to sell to command a trade—I do not recollect the names on the invoices—I have lately sold my business, and taken another—I have known Stephenson about four years—I was in business in Birmingham seven years—I never knew Peate, a grocer there, or a cigar merchant—I might have heard the name.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-169" type="surname" value="SPENDLER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-169" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SPENDLER</persName> </hi>. I am a wholesale grocer of Clifton Road,. Aston, Birmingham—young Mr. Stephenson, after his father was summoned, showed me a portion of his stock which had come from Edwards—I took samples of the tea—the gunpowder is worth 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. short, that is besides the 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. duty, and the Assam 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. short—I also saw 30 boxes of ginger which was worth from 36
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to 41
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per cwt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. I have been in business at No. 7, Clifton Road about four years—I never knew Peate, a grocer.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190040"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-170" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-170" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am a traveller and collector, employed by Stephen
<lb/>son and Son, and live at Waterley Lane, Birmingham—I remember a person coming to the office and settling an account with Stephenson with reference to Edwards—Leach is not he—I heard a conversation between him and Stephenson, and afterwards saw the person go into Stephenson's private office—I have not seen him before or since—I saw some cards there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. No name passed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-171" type="surname" value="STEPHENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-171" type="given" value="HARRY HERBERT JOHN"/>HARRY HERBERT JOHN STEPHENSON</persName> </hi>. I am the eldest son of the prisoner Stephenson, and carried on business with my father for some years—I was 24 last August—my father has been in business at Dale End, Birmingham, as long as I can remember—we have shipping and other orders—the turnover is between 40,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 50,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. per year—on account of the bankers' charges we are in the habit of pay
<lb/>ing away cheques—we deal in general goods, such as grocery provisions of all kinds, and wines and spirits, and cigars—we generally buy for cash—I was present when T. Edwards's card was brought—Leach was not the man who brought it—he brought samples of tea, and father looked over them—I was not present when the order was given—there was an invoice—the traveller came several times—he did not give his own name—these 12 invoices came with the goods—I did not know of the name of Marshall till my attention was called to it—it is usual to put the carman's name on the delivery note—each invoice has the usual men. on it, such as "The above are duly forwarded by the Midland Railway Company to your address"—the goods were marked off against the invoices upon arrival—I was present on the 30th of July when the account was made up—the pencillings on the invoices were my father's, and the totals brought forward, and there is the receipt for the payment of that invoice to the amount of 85
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I was present when that was paid, not when the 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid on account—it is dated July 23, that was on a Monday—both are receipted as cash payments; the 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. is signed "W. S."—the pencilling carries forward eight invoices, and leaves a balance of 416
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I called over our customer's cheques to my father—I called over the six cheques—175
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd was paid in gold and silver—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is a counterfoil of the cheque of the 30th July for 182
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the traveller went away with the money and the cheques—there was a small allowance made of 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for goods sent which were not ordered—nothing was said about any other goods being at the railway-station—no invoice was sent to my father in respect of the goods which, were stopped at the railway-station—on 2nd August a gentleman came from London at my father's request—I went to the bank and stopped a cheque there—I was present when my father took Mr. Howard through the premises, and the private marks of the original dealers were found on certain tea chests and other things there—they were not separated from the other stock, and my father promised that they should not be disposed of, and they are now as they were when Mr. Howard saw them—I also showed them to Mr. Spendler and Mr. Hudson, and also the invoices—my father was paid 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a pound, with the duty, for the Assam tea in chest No. 1101, and 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a pound for the 10 boxes of gunpowder, in chest No. 1331—I cannot recollect when my father was summoned to the Mansion House—Mr. Hudson and Mr. Spendler called two or three days after that—my father entered into contract for buildings in the spring of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190041"/>
<p>1876—the buildings were going on for nearly 15 months—I knew Thomas Peate, a builder, of Lower Pershore Street; he undertook to supply the timber for the building—there was no more timber there than would be required—Peate used to make the stairs, the window frames, and also the wood for the slates—between 1,200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 1,300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was paid to Peate altogether—he had nothing to do with my father's business—I remember a purchase of hops in December, 1875—the prisoner Leach had nothing to do with that—I do not remember seeing Leach at my father's warehouse.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WADDY</hi>. I do not think this is the photograph of the Leach that had to do with my father's business—I do not recognise it—the hops were bought from a Thomas Leach—I may have seen the prisoner Leach, but not to know him—I do not remember it—I believe I have seen him, I do not remember where or when—I never had any transactions with a Mr. Marshall, or any firm or company of that name—I do not remember it; I might forget it—Edwards supplied us with groceries—my duty was to receive goods into stock and sell them—I did not always know where they came from—I may therefore have had dealings with Marshall and not know it—I do not believe I did—the cheque dated 30th July is signed "A. Marshall"—I do not know who that is—we dealt with several people in Liverpool: T. Davis and Co. of Johnston Street, Messrs. Fowler Brothers of Victoria Street, and James Watson—I do not remember any others—possibly I should have known if there had been A. Marshall of Liverpool—my father would not tell me everything he did—I did not always check the goods with the invoices—my father checked some and our warehouseman some—I do not know W. S. Johnson personally—I believe I have seen him—I know a Thomas Johnson, a butcher in Birmingham—he is not the "W. S. Johnson"—I do not know Mr. Ballans—I do not remember hearing of him or seeing him—I have no means here of telling you for what goods that 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of A. Marshall was paid—"W. S." is Edwards's traveller, the man that called at our place—we seldom ask the travellers their names, we are contented with knowing the firms they represent—I do not know George Edwards—I have been a partner with my father since I was 21—I have been in the business 12 years—I cannot tell you who G. Edwards was, to whom my father paid the cheque on 16th Nov., 1876, or the cheque for 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on 5th February, 1875—my father ordered goods from Edwards and Co.—I have no press copy of it; it was verbal, and given to the traveller—I do not know the exact quantity of goods that were ordered—about 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. were sent that were not ordered—I do not know whether Peate was a grocer as well as a builder—I do not remember my father giving Peate a cheque on the building account and another on the groceries—I will not swear he did not, I do not know anything about it—Mr. J. Wood is a butcher, and was on 14th October, 1876—we bought green hams of him—he failed and vanished from Birmingham, but was afterwards con
<lb/>victed as a fraudulent bankrupt—my father dealt with him in 1875 and again in 1876—Samuel Johnson is a butcher in Summer Lane—a Mr. W. S. Johnson, with whom we had transactions, commenced business in Liverpool as the Yorkshire Kitchen Range Company—I do not know what became of him, he may be there now for what I know; I believe he is—I do not know of any inquiries for grates at my father's premises alleged to have been obtained from him and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190042"/>
<p>by him from the Alma Works, at Rotherham—we dealt with him for 12 months—he is the only Johnson we have dealt with—I know Detective Seal—I do nut remember his coming about some grates we had from Johnson—we have some of the grates still, some we have sold by private contract—I know a Mr. John Ward, a horse-dealer—I have seen his writing—he does not write as well as
<hi rend="italic">this (looking at a cheque</hi>)—I know W. S. Johnson's writing—I think
<hi rend="italic">this</hi> is his (
<hi rend="italic">a cheque</hi>)—I do not know that W. S. Johnson was engaged in Edwards's concerns—Samuel Johnson is another person, and is a butcher in Summer Lane—I do not know George Johnson—the two Johnsons in Birmingham are brothers, but no relation to the Johnson who sells grates—I do not know Mr. Edwards—my father never saw him, I believe—I cannot
<hi rend="italic">give</hi> you the names of our customers whose cheques my father used—I dare say I could find out—Charles Cocks, of Henley-in Arden, is one, and Mr. Crawley in the Aston Road—my father was in America for two years—he returned about 18 years ago—I do not remember Sergeant Spokes coming to my father in 1873 about some Melton Mowbray pies—I do not remember some men starting a place in Birmingham for the sale of musical instruments, or a piano being traced to my father's—I am not aware that three men, Edward Pole, Thomas Evans, and Albert Holland, obtained 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of oil from Mr. England of Hull—T do not remember Sergt. Black coming about it—I have heard of a Mr. Jenkins, but not of his obtaining a quantity of condensed milk from a firm at Sharlow, near Derby—I do not know that that milk was traced to my father's premises—I do not remember Mr. Jenkins travelled in groceries—I believe my father bought of him, but won't say as to milk one way or the other—I do not remember J. E. Phillip and Co. of Swansea—there is a firm of wine-merchants of that name at Bristol—I know we bought a beer-engine—I don't know who from, or the address of the person—our books are here—they won't Tell me—we do not enter dry goods—the beer-engine was taken to the Old Engine public-house—the house belonged to William Wright—my father had a bill of sale aver the Old Engine—we sell groceries from the invoices—I know a Mr. Knight, a provision-dealer of New Town Row, Birmingham—I do not think he was convicted—I saw him a few weeks ago—we bought goods from him—Geo. D. Robinson, I believe, still carries on business in Birmingham—I believe there was a charge against him for obtaining corks from a Liverpool firm—the corks were not found at my father's premises—we never had them—I did not know Sparrow and Peate—I never saw Messrs. Lea of Manchester—my father saw them—I did not know till this trial that Lea and Peate were the same men—I thought they were respectable trading men.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENERAL</hi>. The cheques produced from October, 1875, to January, 1877, are only a very small portion of the cheques drawn by my father between those dates—I do not know how the prosecution got them—the bank do not return them to us—I had no notice that I should be asked about cheques—I have spoken from memory—I do not believe my father gave up any milk—my father was examined as a witness in the Bankruptcy Court in case of Wood, a bank
<lb/>rupt, and gave his account of the transaction and retained the goods—I forget the date of the sale of the beer engine—the purchaser re
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190043"/>
<p>his right to it and it is still there—Seal and Black are Birmingham detectives—they are both here.</p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>. I should recognise Lea if I saw him—I have not seen Peate since he went away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-172" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-172" type="given" value="GEORGE FREDERICK"/>GEORGE FREDERICK SMITH</persName> </hi>. The body of this document (
<hi rend="italic">a memorandum of T. Peate</hi>) is Lea's writing, but not the signature.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENERAL</hi>. I come from Lloyd's Banking Co—the prisoner Stephenson banks there—I was subpÅ“naed—we handed as many of Stephenson's cheques to the prosecution as they required at the Mansion House; 42 were specially asked for.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-173" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-173" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH PRICE</persName> </hi>. Thomas Peate was a customer of the Midland Banking Co—he was a grocer of, I think, 137, Garrison Lane, Birmingham.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SOLICITOR-GENERAL</hi>. "We had only one account in the name of Peate—certainly not two in the name of Thomas Peate—I should say this is Peate's writing, it looks like it (
<hi rend="italic">a memorandum of T. Peate</hi>).</p>
<rs id="t18771119-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEACH</hi>
<rs id="t18771119-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-18771119 t18771119-19-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude</hi> </rs>)
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHENSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18771119-19-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-19-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-19-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-19-18771119 t18771119-19-punishment-19"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, November</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1877.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Denman.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-20">
<interp inst="t18771119-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-20" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18771119 t18771119-20-offence-1 t18771119-20-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-20-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18771119" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18771119" type="surname" value="LEVEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18771119" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LEVEY</hi> (39)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">was indicted for</hi>
<rs id="t18771119-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18771119-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-175" type="surname" value="HOLE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-175" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-20-offence-1 t18771119-name-175"/>John Hole</persName> with intent to murder.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">In this case,
<rs id="t18771119-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="unfitToPlead"/>the Jury, after hearing Mr. John Rowland Gibson, surgeon of Newgate, found the prisoner to be of unsound mind and unable to plead to the indictment—</rs>
<rs id="t18771119-20-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-20-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-20-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18771119 t18771119-20-punishment-20"/>Ordered to be detained until Her Majesty's pleasure be known.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-21">
<interp inst="t18771119-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-21" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-18771119 t18771119-21-offence-1 t18771119-21-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-21-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18771119" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18771119" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18771119" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WATSON</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Feloniously carnally knowing and abusing
<persName id="t18771119-name-177" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-177" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-177" type="age" value="11"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-177" type="surname" value="BRADSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-177" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-21-offence-1 t18771119-name-177"/>Sarah Bradshaw</persName>, a girl 11 years of age.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRUBBE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. J. P. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, November</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1877.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18771119-name-178" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-178" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-178" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm Kerr</persName>, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-22">
<interp inst="t18771119-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-22" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18771119 t18771119-22-offence-1 t18771119-22-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-22-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18771119" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18771119" type="surname" value="TAVERNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18771119" type="given" value="VINCENT AUGUSTUS WILLIAM JOHN"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18771119" type="occupation" value="sorter in post-office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">VINCENT AUGUSTUS WILLIAM JOHN TAVERNER</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing two post letters, the property of
<persName id="t18771119-name-180" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-180" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-22-offence-1 t18771119-name-180"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General.</persName> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>, Q. C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-181" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-181" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am a police-officer attached to the General Post-office—on the evening of 19th October I went to Paddington district office about 6.30, and saw the prisoner in a private room—Mr. Stevens was there and Mr. Evans, one of the overseers in the office—Mr. Stevens first put questions to the prisoner about a letter that was missing, and he said he knew nothing about it—I said, "I am a police-officer; let me see what you have about you"—I searched him, and in his trousers pocket I found these two letters (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) they were unopened, and bore the stamp of the Paddington office of that day—Mr. Stevens asked him what account he had to give of the letters—he said he intended to open them, and keep the contents—before the Magistrate I opened both letters—one is addressed to "Mrs. Jas. Ware, Hammond Green, Pembury, near Tonbridge, Kent," and contains a sovereign and a piece of bread, and the other is addressed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190044"/>
<p>to "Mr. H. Heath, Upper Saint John Street, Lichfield, Staffordshire," and contains patterns of silk and a small key.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-182" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-182" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN RILEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 60, Portsdown Road, Maida Vale—I made up this letter addressed to Mr. H. Heath, with the contents, on the 19th October, and posted it in the letter box, Clifton Gardens, the same day at about a quarter to 5.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-183" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-183" type="surname" value="WAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-183" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY WAKE</persName> </hi>. I am servant to Mrs. Evans, 55, Westbourne Terrace—I made up this letter addressed to Mrs. Jas. Ware, and put the sovereign inside some toast in the letter, and posted it on the 19th October, between a quarter to 5 and 5 o'clock, at London Street, Paddington.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-184" type="surname" value="WMEVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-184" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR WMEVANS</persName> </hi>. I am overseer at the Paddington branch office, where the prisoner was engaged as sorter—he was engaged there at 5 o'clock, and shortly after 5 on the 19th October a letter posted in Clifton Gardens at 4.45 would come into the Paddington branch, and pass before the prisoner for sorting at about 5.14, and a letter posted at London Street, Paddington, between 4.45 and 5 o'clock on the 19th would be collected by the prisoner—would be brought back from the London Street office to the Paddington branch—it would be his duty to
<hi rend="italic">face</hi> them up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-185" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-185" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES STEVENS</persName> </hi>. I am a travelling officer attached to the Post-office, and am engaged in investigations of this kind—I was present when the prisoner was brought into the office, and saw the letters taken from his pocket—I asked him if he wished to give any account for their being in his possession—he said "I took them to see what was in them"—I said "What for?" and he said "I was going to keep what was in them."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I was frightened when they put that question to me, I didn't know what I said. I had no intention of keeping those letters.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Lord Archibald Douglas spoke to the prisoner's character, as having been in his Rome for Boys, at North End, Fulham, from</hi> 1872 to 1876,
<hi rend="italic">where he was a very good boy, and truthful and honest.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18771119-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>. </rs>
<rs id="t18771119-22-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-22-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-22-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18771119 t18771119-22-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy on account of his youth and the temptation he was subjected to—Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-23">
<interp inst="t18771119-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-23" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18771119 t18771119-23-offence-1 t18771119-23-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-23-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-23-18771119 t18771119-23-offence-2 t18771119-23-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-23-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18771119" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18771119" type="surname" value="DELANEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18771119" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18771119" type="occupation" value="letter carrier"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JAMES DELANEY</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing three post-letters, the property of
<persName id="t18771119-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-187" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18771119-23-offence-1 t18771119-name-187"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>, and the half of a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bank-note;
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </rs>
<persName id="def2-23-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-23-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-18771119" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-18771119" type="surname" value="DELANEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-23-18771119" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH DELANEY</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-23-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-23-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-23-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, Receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>, Q. C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BAGGALLAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-189" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-189" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES STEVENS</persName> </hi>. I am a travelling clerk attached to the Missing Letter Department of the Post-office—on the 23rd October, in consequence of instructions I received, I made up two test letters; one containing 211 penny postage stamps, marked so that I might again identify them, addressed to Mr. James McMichael—I posted them at the S. W. District Office, Buckingham Gate, about 7 o'clock the same evening; and the second letter, containing a first half of a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Bank of England note, of which I kept a memorandum of the date and number; and I also identify it by my own private mark on each half—the police officer has that—they were dispatched from the S. W. District Office about 7.40—some short time after that I proceeded to Chelsea, where the first letter would be delivered at about 9 o'clock, and the second one about 9.30</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190045"/>
<p>—I went to the address of the letter containing the stamps, namely, 207, King's Road—it is an heraldic office—the shop being shut up, I stayed in the passage, and a letter-carrier knocked at the door and put two letters through the aperture—the test letter I Dad made up containing the stamps was not there—I then went after the prisoner William James, and saw him deliver the letters in Paulton Square—the other letter containing the first half of the note was addressed to Paulton House—I went to Paulton House and saw the prisoner William James delivering letters there—he passed by Paulton House and turned down Bedford Street into Little Camera Street—he was previously accosted by another man, and they went into Little Camera Street together—he had finished his delivery as far as I knew—I thought, at first, the other man was the prisoner Joseph—they then went into Langton Street—I ascertained afterwards that they went into 31, Little Camera Street, which is where Joseph lives—I afterwards saw "William James and another man go into 33, Langton Street—I would not swear whether it was the same man I saw him with in Camera Street—I was not very close—the next morning I made up another test letter with the remaining half of the £5 Bank of England note, which I also posted at the S.W. District Post-office, Buckingham Gate, the same morning—it would go from there to Chelsea at about 11 o'clock, and would be in the prisoner William James's delivery about 12 o'clock—I went to Paulton Square and watched him delivering his letters—he did not deliver any letter at Paulton House, but passed the door—I next saw him about 1 o'clock, when he went into 33, Langton Street, which is his house, and I saw him come out again between 2 and 3 o'clock—he had on then, a private hat and private coat—lie was in uniform when I saw him go in about 1 o'clock—he was then coming from the direction of Little Camera Street, which would be about five minutes' walk from the limit of his delivery—Butler was with me when I saw him in his private clothes—we saw the prisoner come out and go into a house about a dozen doors off—when he came out of the door Butler crossed over and stopped him inside the gate—I came up and said ""We belong to the Post-office, what have you been in the house for?"—he replied "On business"—I said "Who resides there?"—he said "Mr. Turner"—I knocked at the door and went in and made some inquiries—when I came out, from what Butler told me, I gave the prisoner into custody, and he was taken to the police-station in a cab—I there told him that three letters I had posted were missing—I told him where they were addressed to—he said he knew nothing about them—he was searched and nothing was found on him relating to this charge—I afterwards went with Butler to the prisoner's house, 33, Langton Street—we made a search there, and afterwards went to Joseph Delaney's house, 31, Little Camera Street, and met him coming out of the house—Butler spoke to him—I did not hear what he said—he said "Your name is Joseph Delaney," and he said "Yes"—I walked behind them into the house downstairs into the front kitchen, where Butler put some questions to him, and told him he was a police-officer attached to the Post-office, and that his brother William James was in custody for stealing post-letters and bank notes—he appeared surprised, and Butler said we should have to make a search, and had he anything about him—he said "Yes, two letters and a news
<lb/>paper," producing them from his pocket, "which I was about to post when you stopped me"—Butler said "We shall have to make a search"</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190046"/>
<p>—he said "You are quite at liberty"—Butler said "We will commence with you"—" Oh, no, you won't," he said—I saw something in his hand and seized him by the wrist—we fell over the clothes horse, which was broken, and after a severe struggle, his mother and sister coming to his assistance, I succeeded in getting this paper from his hand, which is black from coming in contact with the bars of the grate (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—his hand was almost in the fire when I seized it and got the paper from him, which was the identical bank-note which was in the two test letters, but which had been joined together, and in the struggle had been torn again—it is endorsed "Hy. Thompson, 3, Trinity Square, London, S., Octr. 4, 1877"—that endorsement was not on it when I put it in the letters—it was a perfectly new clean note, except my marks, which were not visible—the letters found on him which he was going to post are in the same handwriting as the endorsement on the note, and the two postage stamps on them I identify as two of the stamps in the letter to Mr. McMichael—they both bear my mark—after I secured the note he was allowed to get up, and Butler searched him and found in his pocket a piece of loose paper with 209 postage stamps (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), making, with the two on the letter, 211—they are the same as those enclosed, and bear my private mark—I told him I identified them as mine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Langton Street is not in the Chelsea delivery at all—I believe it is in the Brompton district—William James came there from the direction of Little Camera Street—Langton Street is about four or five minutes' walk from his delivery—when I saw him in Langton Street he was with some one who appeared to be the other prisoner Joseph—I could not swear it was, but I almost believe it was—we met him in King's Road—it was dark—I did not get very close to him—Butler can speak more to that than I can—he was closer to him—I did not notice the number of the house that William James was coming out of when he was taken into custody—it was the first house from the direction of Little Camera Street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-190" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-190" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I am an officer attached to the Post-office—on the evening of the 23rd October I was engaged watching the prisoner William with Mr. Stevens—I saw him finish his delivery, and fling his bag across his shoulders and go into Camera Street and meet the prisoner Joseph—I am positive it was Joseph—he did not deliver a letter at Poulton House—I know the addresses of the letters and saw them, viz.: one to Mr. McMichael, Heraldic Office, 207, King's Road, Chelsea, another to Mrs. B. Neville, Paulton House, Paulton Square, Chelsea, and the other to Mrs. Neville also, but not to Paulton House, but Paulton Square—when he met Joseph they went to Little Camera Street—I left them, and after
<lb/>wards saw William with another man, not the prisoner—on the 24th I saw William come out of his house, 33, Langton Street, at 2 o'clock—I had been in Paulton Square previously—I told him I was an officer from the General Post-office, and I pointed to Mr. Stevens crossing the road, and I said "This gentleman is also from the General Post-office, and wants to speak to you about some missing letters," and we all went on the steps leading to the house—as soon as Mr. Stevens got in the prisoner sud
<lb/>denly jumped off' the stops and tried to get away—I jumped alter him, and caught him him before ho got out of the gate, and he tore his coat in the struggle Mr. Stevens came out and told me to take him to the police-station, which I did, and I then searched him—we went to Joseph's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190047"/>
<p>house, and I said "A police-officer from the Post-office wants to speak to you"—we went back into the house and I said "Tour brother the letter-carrier is in custody charged with stealing letters; I saw you in his com
<lb/>pany last night—there is some property missing which he has stolen, and I have reason to believe you know something about it." He said "I did meet my brother last night, but know nothing about the letters." I said "What have you got about you?" He said "Two letters and a news
<lb/>paper which I am going to post." I took those from him and said "Is that all?" He said "Yes." I said "I shall have to make search." He said "Ton are quite welcome to search, where you like." As I was going to search him he thrust his hand into his pocket and went to the fireplace and burnt his fingers by coming in contact with the bars—the ladies came in and a violent struggle ensued—afterwards in his bedroom I was about to search him again, when he became more calm—I took some stamps from his pocket which he said were his own. I counted them, and there were 209.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The man I saw with William in Langton Street was not Joseph—when I said I was a police-officer and wanted to speak to him, he appeared very willing—when he got up after the struggle he asked me what the charge was against him—Mr. Stevens had previously given me this bank-note—I told him I had reason to believe that he knew some
<lb/>thing about it, and the the would be charged with receiving these letters from his brother well knowing them to be stolen. He said "I did receive them from my brother, but did not know they were stolen." Some private conversation took place then, and I told him there was half of 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Bank of England note missing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-191" type="surname" value="ELDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-191" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ELDRIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am assistant overseer in the Chelsea branch office in which the prisoner William was employed as letter-carrier—he has been in the service about 10 years—I received instructions from Mr. Stevens, and on the evening of the 23rd Oct, in consequence of those instructions, I searched for two letters addressed to Mr. McMichael and Mrs. Neville, which. I found and placed them with other letters on the prisoner William's seat for him to sort—they were not for his delivery that evening, but he should have treated them as mis-sorts, and thrown them out—he left the office about 8.35—they ought not to have been delivered at their different addresses that night by him, but by different postmen—on the morning of the '24th October I locked out for another letter addressed to Mrs. Neville—the bag arrived from the south-west district office at 11.8—there was an unlabelled bundle amongst them—from instructions I received that letter would be in that bundle, and I placed it on his seat to sort, which it was his duty to sort as mis-sorts—he left the office for his delivery at about 11.20.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> His duty would have been to have thrown out those two letters as mis-sorts for his own ground—Hopkins ought to have delivered one and Govier the other—I did not examine the unlabelled bundle on the morning of the 24th, but simply gave it to the prisoner as I received it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-192" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-192" type="surname" value="JEBB"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-192" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>JOHN THOMAS JEBB</persName> </hi>. I am inspector at the south-west office—I made up an unlabelled bundle, which afterwards went to the Chelsea office on on the 24th October—in it I placed by directions a letter addressed to Mrs. Neville, Paulton Square.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-193" type="surname" value="GOVIER"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-193" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GOVIER</persName> </hi>. I am head letter-carrier in the Chelsea branch post-office</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187711190048"/>
<p>—on the evening of the 23rd October Mr. McMichael's house, 207, King's Road, Chelsea, would be in my delivery—what letters came to me I delivered that evening—I did not see any letter that evening addressed to Mr. McMichael.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-194" type="surname" value="HOPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-194" type="given" value="HENRY HERBERT"/>HENRY HERBERT HOPKINS</persName> </hi>. I am a letter-carrier in the Chelsea district—on the evening of the 23rd it was my duty to deliver at Paulton House, Paulton Square—I received no letter for that house—my attention was called to this particular letter—I did not receive it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-195" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-195" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-195" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN LEE</persName> </hi>. I am a servant at Mrs. Neville's, Paulton House, Paulton Square—in consequence of what I heard I was expecting a letter there on the evening of the 23rd October—no letters were delivered that night—in the middle of the next day I was expecting another letter from instructions I had—no letter was delivered—the nest morning I was cleaning the steps about midday when I saw William James pass by without delivering any letter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-196" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-196" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 5, Trinity Square, Southwark, and am a public-house valuer, and have been there about nine years—there is no one else of that name there—I know nothing of the writing on the back of this note.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18771119-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that the Post Office had missed various sums of money, and that the prisoners were found to be possessed to a considerable sum—
<rs id="t18771119-23-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-23-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-23-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18771119 t18771119-23-punishment-22"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-23-18771119 t18771119-23-punishment-22"/>Eight Years' Penal Servitude.</rs>
<rs id="t18771119-23-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-23-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-23-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18771119 t18771119-23-punishment-23"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-23-18771119 t18771119-23-punishment-23"/>The costs of the prosecution were ordered to be paid out of the funds in the prisoners' possession.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18771119-24">
<interp inst="t18771119-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18771119"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-24" type="date" value="18771119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18771119-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-18771119 t18771119-24-offence-1 t18771119-24-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-24-18771119" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-18771119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18771119" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18771119" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18771119" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT BISHOP</hi> (60)</persName>
<rs id="t18771119-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18771119-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/>, Wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. M. DENISON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-198" type="surname" value="COURTHERLY"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-198" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY COURTHERLY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the County Court, Clerkenwell—I produce all the papers filed in the case of Beeston and Edwards. (Mr. Straight
<hi rend="italic">objected that the plaint note in the action was not admissible, which the</hi> Court
<hi rend="italic">confirmed</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18771119-name-199" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18771119-name-199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-199" type="surname" value="CUFF"/>
<interp inst="t18771119-name-199" type="given" value="ARTHUR GEORGE"/>ARTHUR ST. GEORGE CUFF</persName> </hi>. I was formerly an officer in the 100th and the 28th Regiments, and am now retired—I was acquainted with a Miss Amelia Beeston, an aged lady, who consulted me as to the manage
<lb/>ment of her affairs—at the latter end of 1876 I saw the prisoner with reference to some claim that Miss Beeston had against a person named Edwards—in the month of November I sent a letter to the prisoner and told him that as I was conversant with the whole circumstances I would myself take out a summons in the County Court at Islington, and prepare the affidavit, that he might have no trouble in the case until it was called on for trial—I accordingly did take out a summons on behalf of Miss Beeston against Edwards for the sum of 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which she alleged he retained in trust for her—I prepared the evidence in the case—
<hi rend="italic">i.e</hi>., I traced the money, which E